Page 1


Bright, Bold and Beautiful Inject a Dose of Sunshine into Your Garden

Hakonochloa macra ‘All Gold’

Sedum nokoense

Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Little Honey’

Juniperus horizontalis ‘Mother Lode’

Ilex crenata ‘Drops of Gold’

Spirea thunbergii ‘Ogon’

Hypericum calycinum ‘Brigadoon’

Liriope muscari ‘Pee Dee Ingot’

Aralia cordata ‘Sun King’


2013 VNLA Officers & Directors OFFICERS



President MATT SAWYER - Research Bennett’s Creek Nursery ‘07 5635 Shoulders Hill Rd Suffolk, VA 23435-1807 757-483-1425

CHERYL LAJOIE Certification ‘09 Lancaster Farms 5800 Knotts Neck Rd Suffolk VA 23435-1353 757-484-4421 Fax: 7575-686-8637

TOM THOMPSON, Environmental Affairs ‘10 Natural Art Landscaping 3540 S Belmont Rd Richmond VA 23234-2912 (804) 674-5703

Vice President MATT SHRECKHISE Communications ‘08 Shreckhise Nurseries PO Box 428 Grottoes, VA 24441-0428 540-249-5761 Secretary/ Treasurer SONYA L. WESTERVELT Public Relations ‘10 Saunders Brothers Inc 2717 Tye Brook Highway Piney River, VA 22964 (434) 277-5455 Past President STEVE GRIGG - Education Grigg Design Inc ‘09 8193 Euclid Ct #A Manassas Park, VA 20111-4810 703-368-7539 Ex-Officio Past President MARK MASLOW Resource Development Southern Landscape Group PO Box 397 Evington VA 24550-0397 434-821-6004 Executive Director JEFFREY B. MILLER Horticulture Management Associates LLC 383 Coal Hollow Road Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 1-800-476-0055 Fax: 540-382-2716 VNLA Newsletter

VNLA Newsletter

DOUG HENSEL Beautiful Gardens ‘08 Great Big Greenhouse & Nrsy 2051 Huguenot Rd Richmond, VA 23235-4305 804-320-1317 VIRGINIA ROCKWELL Legislation ‘12 CRAIG ATTKISSON ‘13 Gentle Gardener Green Design Green Side Up Landscaping PO Box 418 PO Box 2026 Gordonsville, VA 22942-0418 Glen Allen, VA 23058-2026 540-832-7031 804-514-4610 (cell) 434-531-0467 CHRISTOPHER BROWN ‘13

Lancaster Farms 5800 Knotts Neck Rd Suffolk VA 23435-1353 757-484-4421

Educational Advisors DR. ROGER HARRIS VA Tech Horticulture Dept. Head Saunders Hall (0327) Blacksburg, VA 24061-0001 540-231-5451 DR. JIM OWEN HARAREC 1444 Diamond Springs Rd Virginia Beach, VA 23455 (757) 363-3804 Beautiful Gardens® Plant Introduction Program LISA LIPSEY Program Coordinator VA Tech Dept. of Horticulture (0327) Blacksburg, VA 24061 540-231- 6961

MANTS’ DIRECTORS JOHN LANCASTER‘02 Bennett’s Creek Nursery 3613 Bridge Road Suffolk, VA 23435-1807 757-483-1425 TOM SAUNDERS ’96 Saunders’ Brothers Inc. 2508 Tye Brook Hwy Piney River, VA 22964-2301 804-277-5455 DANNY SHRECKHISE Shreckhise Nurseries ‘12 PO Box 428 Grottoes, VA 24441-0428 540-249-5761

April / May / June 2013

April/May/June 2013

REGIONAL ASSOCIATIONS Central Virginia Nursery & Landscape Assoc Jim Hassold 804-377-1977 Eastern Shore Nurserymen’s Association Stuart Burnley 757-442-3548 Hampton Roads Nursery & Landscape Assoc Wes Bray (757) 422-2117 Northern Virginia Nursery & Landscape Assoc Amanda Caldwell Piedmont Landscape Assoc Jessica Primm 434-882-0520 Shenandoah Valley Nursery & Greenhouse Assoc Matt Shreckhise 540-249-5761 Directors at Large Mike Hildebrand ‘12 James River Nurseries 13244 Ashland Rd Ashland VA 23005-7504 804-798-2020

mchildebrand@ Dawn Lerch ‘12 Associate 1701 Ducatus Dr Midlothian VA 23113-4067 804-690-1374 (cell) Bill Gouldin ‘12 Strange’s Florist/Garden Ctrs 3313 Mechanicsville Pike Richmond VA 23223 804-321-2200x331



Table of Contents Ad - Beautiful Gardens ‘Plants of Distinction 2013” ............... 2 Ad - Bennett’s Creek Nursery .................................... 23 Ad - Bremo Trees ....................................................... 68 Ad - Bennett’s Creek Nursery ..................................... 21 Ad - Bremo Trees ....................................................... 68 Ad - .............................................. 53 Ad - Carolina Bark Products ...................................... 57 Ad - Colonial Farm Credit .......................................... 68 Ad - CW Reeson Nursery ........................................... 5 Ad - Eastern Shore Nursery of Virginia ..................... 37 Ad - Fair View Nursery .............................................. 57 Ad - Goodson & Associates ....................................... 41 Ad - Gossett’s Landscape Nursery ............................. 47 Ad - Guthrie Nursery .................................................. 43 Ad - Hanover Farms ................................................... 9 Ad - Hardwood Mulch ............................................... 63 Ad - Hawksridge Farms .............................................. 27 Ad - John Deere ........................................................... 64 Ad - John Stanley Associates ..................................... 61 Ad - Johnston County Nursery Marketing ................. 59 Ad - Lancaster Farms ................................................. 34 Ad - Lilley Farms & Nursery ..................................... 45 Ad - Mid-Atlantic Solutions ....................................... 31 Ad - OHP: Marengo ................................................... 49 Ad - Pender Nurseries ................................................ 67 Ad - Plantworks Nursery ............................................ 36 Ad - Shreckhise Nurseries .......................................... 51 Ad - SiteLight Id ......................................................... 39 Ad - TD Watkins ......................................................... 5 Ad - Turtle Creek Nursery .......................................... 13 Ad - Waynesboro Nurseries ....................................... 11 Ad - Willow Springs Tree Farms ............................... 55 Ad - Winfall Nurseries ............................................... 55 Events - VNLA Field Day: Save the Date! ................. 6 Events - SNA .............................................................. 29 Events - SNA New Regional Marketplace ............... 58 Events - Calendar ....................................................... 66 Letter - Horticultural Research Institute Thank you ... 8 Letters - Agriculture in the Classroom ....................... 8 Letters - Dr. Brian Jackson Research Gift .................. 8 Letters - Legislative Thank you for Flower Baskets ... 8 Letters - Thank You for Research Gift, Kelly Ivors ... 7 Letters - Virginia Agribusiness Council ..................... 8 Legislation - How to Contact Congress ..................... 6 News - Peggy Singlemann New Host of VA Homegrown ................................ 23 News - Sandra McDonald Recognized by the ARS and Norfolk Botanical Garden ............... 23



News - (MANTS) Means Business Again in 2013 ..... 9 News - 2013 Virginia Flower & Garden Expo Award Winners .................................. 37 News - GIE+EXPO’s New Format a Resounding Success ................................... 38 News - Green Industry Wins in 2013 Farm Bill Research ....................... 2 News - Living Green at the First Tee of Hampton Roads ................................. 40 News - MANTS Means Business Again in 2013 ....... 57 News - New SITES Certified Projects ...................... 39 News - Spending to Increase on Some Landscape Services in 2013 ....... 10 News - State Depart’s Gift of Dogwoods to Japan ..... 12 News - Virginia Farm Bureau State Fair of VA .......... 16 News - VA Tech's sycamore is still standing by way of its clone ................................. 43 News - VSLD Officers Elected ................................. 10 News - What Do We Like to Do Most in Our Yards? ........................................ 36 Research - Baptisia, False Indigo | A Real Trial ....... 46 Research - New Pathogen causing Root and Stem Rot of Begonia ............................. 46 Research - Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing ............. 24 Research - Weed Management Research Update ........ 41 Tips - 12 Months of Christmas.Retail Opportunity .... 60 Tips - Five Places Where Spending More Pays Off ... 61 Tips - Is 2013 The Year You Finally Go Mobile with Financial Data? ............................. 62 Tips - It Makes Sense to Sell the Senses ................... 59 Tips - New Smartphone App ...................................... 64 Tips - Ticks & Lyme Disease ..................................... 65 VNLA - Certification Quiz #64 .................................. 35 VNLA - Certification Landscape Seals ....................... 52 VNLA - Photo Contest ............................................... 14 VNLA - Photo Contest Rules ..................................... 15 VNLA - Strategic Planning Retreat & Board Meeting Minutes ............... 48 VNLA Field Day & Summer Tour ............................. 22 VNLA Legislative & Public Affairs Report ............... 54 VNLA Photo Contest .................................................. 15 VNLA -Profile - Brent and Becky’s Bulbs ................ 17 VNLA Summer Tour Friday, August 9 ...................... 22 VNLA Summer Tour, August 9 ................................. 44 VNLA Website ............................................................ 7

Support VNLA Members Do Business with Members

April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

VNLA VNLAMission, Mission, Vision and Mission, for Vision VNLA and Objectives Objectives for 2006 2006

Vision and Objectives for 2013 Mission: To VNLA EnhanceMission, and promote Virginia’s 0LVVLRQ7R(QKDQFHDQGSURPRWH9LUJLQLD¡V Mission Statement: To Enhance and promote Vision and Objectives for 2013Virnursery and landscape industry. QXUVHU\DQGODQGVFDSHLQGXVWU\

Classified Ads HIGH PEAK FARM Classified Ads


ROOTED CUTTINGS If youVIBURNUM don’t see your ad here, Classified Ads Vision: to become the leader and resource for the $0.85 each FOR SALE VIBURNUM ROOTED CUTTINGS Mission Statement: To Enhance and promote Virneither does Virginia nursery and landscape industry. Vision: The vision is to become the leader 9LVLRQ7KHYLVLRQLVWREHFRPHWKHOHDGHU ginia’s nursery and landscape industry. $0.85 each FOR SALE ad If you see your here, For don’t Current Availability anyone else! Objectives and resource for Virginia's nursery and DQGUHVRXUFHIRU9LUJLQLD VQXUVHU\DQG Ad - ChapmanLumber.tif $G&KDSPDQ/XPEHUWLI Vision: to become the leader and resource for the Email:Availability For Current neither does Virginia nursery and landscape industry. Educated, Available Skilledindustry. Labor Force - Goal: landscape ODQGVFDSHLQGXVWU\ Phone: 434/263-4793 Email: VNLA will continue to promote programs that will Website: anyone else! Objectives Phone: 434/263-4793 Call 800-476-0055 education, train and provide an available skilled la-


ginia’s nursery and landscape industry.

Website: bor force. AvailableObjectives Educated, Skilled Labor Force - Goal: 2EMHFWLYHV or email VNLA will continue to promote programs that will Effective Communication and Advocacy GOAL: for advertising information, today! Call 800-476-0055 education, train and provide anVirginia availablegreen skilledindustry la1.VNLA To expand the market for will effectively communication among staff, 7R H[SDQG WKH PDUNHW IRU9LUJLQLD JUHHQ LQGXVWU\ bor force. or email board, members, partners and the community. products and services. SURGXFWVDQGVHUYLFHV Effective Communication and Advocacy GOAL: for advertising information, today! Maximizing and Allocation Resources - GOAL: and 2. To have a positive on theamong legislature 7RKDYHDSRVLWLYHLQIOXHQFHRQWKHOHJLVODWXUHDQG VNLA will effectivelyinfluence communication staff, VNLA will secure increased funding from diverse other regulatory agencies the industry board, members, partners and theimpacting community. RWKHU UHJXODWRU\ DJHQFLHV LPSDFWLQJ WKHand LQGXVWU\ sources and secure the necessary staff, board inLQ9LUJLQLDDQGWKHQDWLRQ Virginia and committee members to nation. run a dynamic organization. Maximizing andthe Allocation Resources - GOAL: VNLA will secure increased funding from diverse and 3. To quality professional  7Rprovide SURYLGHand TXDOLW\ SURIHVVLRQDO GHYHORSPHQW Membership Outreach - GOAL:development Expand and DQG sources and secure the necessary staff, board and communicate the value of membership. certification programs for association members. FHUWLILFDWLRQSURJUDPVIRUDVVRFLDWLRQPHPEHUV committee members to run a dynamic organization. Stewardship -FDWDO\VW GOAL: VNLA will promoteand adoption 4. To for advancing  7Rbe EHthe WKHcatalyst IRUstimulating, VWLPXODWLQJ DQG DGYDQFLQJ Membership and Outreach - GOAL: Expand and ofthe Besteducation, Management Practices. research, and technology needs of communicate the value of membership. WKHHGXFDWLRQUHVHDUFKDQGWHFKQRORJ\QHHGVRI T. D. Watkins Horticultural Sales Strategic Marketing - GOAL: VNLA will promote the industry. WKHLQGXVWU\ Stewardship - GOAL: VNLA will promote adoption itself as the leader and resource of the green industry. Representing Red Oak, Shreckhise, Bremo Tree, Best Management Practices.information 5. provide aDresponsive ofTo 7R SURYLGH UHVSRQVLYH LQIRUPDWLRQmanagement PDQDJHPHQW Crookhorn, Willow Springs, Rockcreek and What are members problems? system members that isLVaDviable Strategic Marketing - GOAL: VNLA will promote V\VWHPfor IRUassociation DVVRFLDWLRQ PHPEHUV WKDW YLDEOH Proctor Brothers Nurseries. How are we going to help them become itself as the leader and resource of the green industry. clearing house for educational, legislative, FOHDULQJ KRXVHmore IRU successful? HGXFDWLRQDO OHJLVODWLYHmarPDU keting, research, and other important information What are members problems? NHWLQJUHVHDUFKDQGRWKHULPSRUWDQWLQIRUPDWLRQ How are going to help them become concerning thewe industry. FRQFHUQLQJWKHLQGXVWU\ 2260 Chalkwell Drive, Midlothian, Virginia 23113

VNLA Field Day August 8 more successful? at Brent & Becky’s Bulbs $GÂą6XQGDQFH6DIDULV 6. To 7Rremain UHPDLQthe WKHleading OHDGLQJhorticulture KRUWLFXOWXUHorganization RUJDQL]DWLRQ Cell 804-929-1982 Fax (call first) 804-378-0813 OFFERING QUALITY within the agriculture community of Virginia. ZLWKLQWKHDJULFXOWXUHFRPPXQLW\RI9LUJLQLD VNLA Summer Tour, August 9I T Y Ad – Sundance Safaris $GÂą6XQGDQFH6DIDULV O F F E R I N G Q UA L 7. To maintain an association organizational structure GUIDED HUNTS 7RPDLQWDLQDQDVVRFLDWLRQRUJDQL]DWLRQDOVWUXFWXUH Gloucester area private G$GÂą6XQGDQFH6DIDULV U I D E D Hgardens UNTS that will be fully responsive to its mission. Ad – CW Reeson Nursery WKDWZLOOEHIXOO\UHVSRQVLYHWRLWVPLVVLRQ and Colonial Williamsburg MEXICO Greenhouse Business For Sale MEXICO DUCKS, DOVES, TURKEYS – CW Same asAd previous

Reeson Nursery

Ad – CW Reeson Nursery $G¹&:5HHVRQ1XUVHU\

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Same Sameas asprevious previous

Well established business in Southwest Virginia - Dublin. Ad Safaris2_ad 2.pdf DUCKS, DOVES, TURKEYS DESERT MULEYS-COUES On 2 acres, 15,000 sq ft DESERT MULEYS-COUES

Ad 2.pdf Greenhouse Business For Sale AdSafaris2_ad Safaris2_ad 2.pdf BIGHORN DEER-DESERT

7 greenhouses, sales building, DEER-DESERT BIGHORN Ad Safaris2_ad 2.pdf Virginia Well established businessfans, in Southwest - Dublin. propane heaters, 15 KW generator. On 2 acres, 15,000 sq ft Includes updated ranch style home, 3 BD, 3 baths, BEAR, COUGAR, 7 greenhouses, sales building, ELK public water/sewer. BEAR, COUGAR, ELK propane heaters, fans, 15 KW Call 540-674-6960 or for details generator. and photos


COLORADO COLORADO Includes updated ranch style home, 3 BD, 3 baths, public water/sewer. BUFFALO Call 540-674-6960 or BUFFALO for details and photos

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

VNLA Newsletter VNLA VNLANewsletter Newsletter

January/February/March 2013


DAVID LAIRD DAVID “DEEâ€? “DEEâ€? LAIRD • Box 81402••970-240-0743 970-240-0743 April / May / June 2013 PO 5 PO Box1895 1895• •Montrose, Montrose, CO CO 81402

January/February/March 2013

July/August 2006 2006 January/February



Vol. 83, No.2; April/May/June 2013 Vol. 82, No.1; January/February/March 2012 Editor: Jeff Miller Editor: Jeff Miller

Virginia Virginia Nursery Nursery & Association, Inc. & Landscape Landscape Association, Inc. 383 Coal Hollow Road; Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 383 Coal Hollow Road; Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721 Internet E-mail Address: Internet E-mail Address: (Association Info) (Association Info) (Consumer Info) (Consumer Info) Telephone: 540-382-0943 or 1-800-476-0055 Fax: 540-382-2716 Telephone: 540-382-0943 or 1-800-476-0055 Fax: 540-382-2716 Disclaimer: Published for your information, this newsletter is not an Disclaimer: Published for your information, this newsletter is not an endorsement for individual products or editorial comments. endorsement for individual products or editorial comments.

Presidents Message VNLA President’s has been aMessage chal-

It lenging spring so far. Cold temperatures, wet weather, As we get ready to take on a new and sequestration year, I look forward to working have definitely alwith the the course members tered of of the VNLA and members theheard posibusiness this year. of I have VNLA Board. We have tive news of a backlog of work as a addedofadditional experiresult the weather. We are waiting ence the industry Board can to catch up to see to if the before the summer heat arrives. compliment the impres-

sive has talent already There beenwe some buzz about Rose have serving. Rosette disease in Virginia. I encourage to of check out done Virginia CoopLikeyou most us have erative Extension's publication on the recently in business, the disease. It is beneficial to have an VNLA Board has taken a awareness andwho understanding rather hard look at we are than making rash decisions to eradiand how we do it. We met in Lynchcate roses from your plant palette. Be burg for 2 days to establish a Stratesure to share this information with gic Plan. We discussed how to have your customers the most impactand oncolleagues. all areas that affect our Industry. This a tall order. Remember to mark youris calendar for It is not a job for just one It is the Hahn Garden Gala in person. Blacksburg a job takeplan theontalents and on Junethat 8th.will Also, attending commitment of many It also the VNLA Field Daypeople. at Brent & will not happen overnight. Plus, 90% Becky's Bulbs on August 8th as well of the success is showing so we as Summer Tour on up, August 9th.will have to participate to achieve the reOn Mayto3,have ten VNLA memsultsFriday, we hope and stay the bers attended an invitation-only meetcourse. ing, coordinated by the Virginia Agribusiness Council, with Senator Mark Warner to let him know how seasonal labor issues impact their


6 6

business and their thoughts on the current Senate version of comprehensive legislation. is We immigration plan on focusing on 3Now main the timeIndustry to let your Congressional areas: Advocacy; Publirepresentatives know your views and on cations and Communications seasonal labor issues. In the next colResearch and Education. We will umn you can look also prioritize issuesupin and eachcontact area. them through the VNLA website.

How to Contact How to Contact Congress Congress

To contact your congressman and

To contact your congressman and senator, go the and click in the legislation tab/button, senator, go the and and then click on the “Legislative click in the legislation tab/button, Update” or go directly to: and then click on the “Legislative Update” or go directly to:

Here, you can find Here, you can find your congressman your congressman and senators’contact conand senators’ tact info and can info and can email email them directly from thisthem link. directly There from thissummaries link. There are alsoissues are also of current summaries of current issues and and sample letters. sample letters. gets thethe oil!” ““The The squeaky squeakywheel wheel gets oil!”

One constant theme though that I have felt, is to make sure Make 2013 wegreat! are doing what is best for the Industry. This is a moving target and will vary over time. All people By Matt Sawyer, President 2013is will not agree VNLA on what best. However, as long as we as an Industry and Trade Association are viewed as the professional and experts by the public, all of us will be doing our jobs. Matthew W. Sawyer

I wish you all a healthy and prosperous year. Steve Grigg, VNLA 2012 SavePresident the Date!

VNLA Field Day & Summer Tour at Brent & Becky’s Bulbs Gloucester, VA August 8-9, 2013 April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013 January/February/March 2012

Senator John Warner is presented a 1st Edition of “Flora of Virginia” by Danny Shreckhise, VNLA Past President and Vice Chair of the Virginia Agribusiness Council at the meeting with the Senator on May 3 in Richmond. Discussions focused on immigration issues and impacts on priorities of the agribusiness community. (Photo by Virginia Rockwell)

VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter VNLA Newsletter

Login L to t You ur VNL LA Acccount

VNLA Website  L Login  U Update You ur Contactt Info  P Pay Your Dues D  R ReCertifica ation now on o lline.  S See Your CEU’s C  R Read Previious Newsleetters The VNLA weebsite has had a ul with a new design, compplete overhau re-orrganized info o tabs and updated u inforrmation. You can now log in, activate yo our accouunt and set up p your user naame and ppassword. Acceess and updatee your contacct inforrmation See tthe CEU’s thaat are recorded for you V Virginia Certiified Horticullturist VNLA Newsletter

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Letterss - Thankk You for Reseaarch Gift ft, Kelly Ivors

How w to Log in n

On behalf of the North Carolina Ag gricultural R Research Serrvice, the NC C Agriculturaal and Life Sciences Reesearch Founndation and tthe College of o Agriculturee and Life Scciences, thank k you and tthe Virginia Nursery and d Landscape Associate for you ur $12,500 giift to suppoort Dr. Kelly y Ivors' boxw wood blight reesearch.

Go G to

Click C on “log gin” top rightt Click C on “Acttivate” in thee left co olumn

En nter your email address. Iff you have an n email addrress in the ddatabase, it will w email you ur login info aand let you seetup a user naame and passw word.

Go G to “My VN NLA” and yoou can see yo our contactt informatioon, sales hiistory, CEU’ss etc.

Your invesstment in thee College and d the North Carolina Aggricultural Reesearch Servvice helps enaable the future breakthrougghs and advaances in agriiculture, biootechnology and life sciiences that w will benefit ccitizens in ou ur state, nationn and world.

Iff you do not have h an emaail in the da atabase, con ntact the VNL LA Office fo or your Memb ber Account N Number at in or 1-800-4766-0055

David W. M Monks, PhD, In Interim Associate Dean annd Director; C Catherine Maxwell Executiive Director, N NC Agricultural & Life Scieences Researchh Foundation

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April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13



Letter - Horticultural Research Institute Thank you On behalf of the HRI Board of Trustees, thank you for the $500 donation to the Susan and Robert Dolibois Key Award Fund. This donation was made on January 28, 2013. We know that Bob and Susie are very honored to have received so many donations in celebration of Bob's retirement. Each year when their fund awards a research grant, your generosity will be honored. Research takes time, patience and dedication, and we give thanks to you for continuing to push forward with us. With donors like you, we are able to preserve our country and the green industry through quality plants and business practices that sustain the important relationship between the research and business communities. Thank you for being an annual donor to HRI. Thank you for your support. Teresa A. Jodon Executive Director, Research Affiliate of the American Nursery & Landscape Association, Washington, DC 202-695-2474 •

Letters - Agriculture in the Classroom Because of the $1,500 donation that we recently received from the Virginia Nursery and Landscape Association, children in Virginia will learn how agriculture positively affects almost every facet of their world. I cannot tell you how much I appreciate this gift to Agriculture in the Classroom. With your support, we will be able to train and provide free classroom resources to more than 1,800 Virginia educators this school year. These teachers will have the potential to teach more than 45,000 Virginia stu8


dents about agriculture in just their first year using AITC resources. Again, thank you for your support of Agriculture in the Classroom. If we can help you with anything, please contact Parke Sterling at 804-2901144 or or Karen Davis at 804-290-1142 or . Wayne F. Pryor, President Virginia Farm Bureau

Letters - Legislative Thank you for Flower Baskets Just a short note to thank you for the beautiful plant you left for my office today, February 7, 2013. Please don't hesitate to contact me in the future if I can ever be of any assistance. Joseph D. Morrissey, Representative 74th District, House of Delegates, VA

Thank you so very much for the beautiful planted jonquil basket you sent to our office. It reminds us that spring is coming. I appreciate your thinking of us in such a nice way. Please do not hesitate to call upon me at any time that I can be of help to you. Joseph P. Johnson, Jr., Fourth District, House of Delegates, VA

Thank you for taking the time to come and visit me in Richmond during the 2013 General Assembly session. Also, the miniature daffodil plant is a nice reminder that spring is just around the corner. Thank you again and please do not hesitate to contact my office if I can be of assistance to you on matters before the Commonwealth. David J. Toscano, Minority Leader, Fifty-Seventh District, House of Delegates, VA

The Attorney General requested that I write and thank you for the lovely basket of hyacinths that was delivered to the office on February 15th. They April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

certainly brightened up our reception area and were enjoyed by all who came through. We let everyone know that they came from the Virginia Agribusiness Council and the Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association. Thank you so much for your thoughtfulness. It is very much appreciated. Eva A. Stuart, Constituent Services Administrator Office of the Attorney General

Letters - Dr. Brian Jackson Research Gift On behalf of the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service, the NC Agricultural and Life Sciences Research Foundation and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, thank you and the VNA Horticulture Research Foundation, Inc. for your $6,800 gift to support Dr. Brian Jackson's research activities. Your investment in the College and the North Carolina Agricultural Research Service helps enable the future breakthroughs and advances in agriculture, biotechnology and life sciences that will benefit citizens in our state, nation and world. We are truly grateful for your generous support of the College and the future of research at NC State University. David W. Monks, PhD, Interim Associate Dean and Director; Catherine Maxwell Executive Director, NC Agricultural & Life Sciences Research Foundation

Letters - Virginia Agribusiness Council Thank you to VNLA for sponsoring our National Policy Meeting! We appreciate all of the support ou provide to the Council throughout the year as well Jennifer Chambers, Virginia Agribusiness Council Newsletter VNLAVNLA Newsletter

Thannk you so mu uch for being g a part Letters of ouur industry paanel at our National N th Policcyyou Meeting laast week.our We7greatly Thank for supporting Anappre eciated your r participatio on and nual Legislative Golf Tournament on heardd12from our members m how w much June at Mattaponi Springs Golf they We enjoyed earing response from VNLA Club. had a he terrific with and a about the issu ues your indu ustry 112 players including a number ofis facinng. and Hearing fromstate the officials, different elected appointed lustrate indus stry sectors helps to il 18-hole sponsors, three food and bevare affect how all ted numerous by certain n sponissues erage sponsors and andof rre-enforces th he council’s ma subsors gifts and prizes. This ismission of re epresenting agribusiness a stantial increase from past with yearsa unifi ed voice. Th hank you ag gain for thanks to your efforts. your participation n and input through t This event develop is not pment only aprocess very senjoythe ppolicy able way to promote agribusiness to E. Bla airitCrusz all participants, but also contributes to the Council’s ability to represent our industry’s interest throughout the year with the General Assembly, Governor’s office state agencies, congressional delegation and the general public. Our significant accomplishments are attributable to the support you provide. Thank you.

We look forward to your joining us

again nest year for out 8th Annual News N - gold (M MANTS) M Means Legislative Tournament.

Business B s Again in n 2013 Sincerely, Virginia Agribusiness Council

Editor’s Note:-Atlantic The VNLANu was a team The Midursery sponsor, prize and give away contributor Trade T Show w and a hole sponsor.

Baltimore, MD D - MANTS 22013, held JaanuaryArbor 9-11, Day kickedThanks off the Green In ndustrythanks Tradee Show seasoon and our Many for the wonderful hoards of 43 3d consecutiv ve year with Swamp White Oak that was donated bu uyers, shoppe ers, informati ion gatherto Lorton Library for Arbor Day this errs and ussers well all comin together year. It’senddoing andngsprouting fo or one purpos e ... business. . new growth even as I write.

Green G Industry y Companiess and ProAn article about the ceremony was feessionals from m 46 states, 5 Canadian featured on the library website Prrovinces and 8 additionall countries ex xhibited at or attended . It was MANTS. a lovely lo/oaktreeplanting.htm registrants Th here 10,946 1 our paid day andwere I know neighbors will (in ncluding exh hibitors) for the show. enjoy the tree for many years. Th he Mid-Atlaantic, South Atlantic, Lorton an ndSincerely, New Eng gland County regionssLibrary were the in most m Editor’s heavilyNote: represented Vice-Presiden,,Baltimore. m Lou Kobus, provided the tree on behalf of VNLA. In n 2013, 984 exhibiting coompanies 10 08 of which were new too MANTS

— broughtt their best green goodss, VNLA –Summer Board productss, service allied industry dissplays, Meeting and much more t to help creat Minutes e THE Mid-A Atlantic Marrket Place fo or Friday, June 23, 2006; covers the green industry. MA ANTS 9:00 to 12:30 over 300,0 00am square feeet pm and is one Virginia Room, Hampton of the larggest industry showsInn, in the country. Front Royal, VA 9:00 a.m. Call to Order – Richard Johnson, President called the meeting to order with the following people present: Lizzy Pine, Lesley Pine, Jeff Miller, Bonnie Appleton, Duane Shumaker, Butch Gaddy, and Billy Crigler.

Guest Introductions – Bill Dutcher, President of the CVNLA, was introduced and welcomed to the meeting. for having no MANTS is best known Butch o Secretary’s Report, Gaddy distractions s. "We have e no classes s, reported that the minutes had been professiona n tests, speak kprinted in al thecertification VNLA Newsletter and ers, demon strations, or m mimes or jug gemailed to the Board. A motion was glers" says s MANTS Exxecutive Vice made to accept the minutes, seconded President, V Vanessa Finn ney. "MANTS S and passed. means busiiness and byy offering the opportunityy to engage only in com m-

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April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June July/August 2006 20 13




mercce, we believ ve that the sh how attractss the people that our exh hibitors wantt and need to o see." "MAN NTS is abouut face-to-facee contact, neetworking, meeting and greeting, an nd buying; IIn fact I belieeve that MAN NTS has moree education th han most show ws, but the ddifference is th hat all of our education takes place on the show w floor betw ween the exhib bitors and attendees. It is not uncomm mon to see many m of the m most in deman nd speakers and professioonals at MAN NTS using th he show for thheir own educcation, researrch, and netw working opportunities" say ys Finney. d s show 20133 MANTS demographics that regarding th he job title of attendeees, over 35% % are Ownerrs, over 25% are Managers and over 5% are Buyeers. Regarding g purchasing//buying poweer, MANTS attendees a report that almoost 49% are Final F Decision n Makers aand close to 31% say that they Makee Purchasing g Recommend dations. These and other show demog graphics are avvailable on m MAN NTS, known as the Mastterpiece of Trrade Shows, is sponsored by the Statee Nursery and d Landscape AssociA ationns of Marylland, Virginia and Westt Virginia. MANTS 20 014 is schedduled for Weednesday, Th hursday, and F Friday, Januaary 8, 9, and d 10 at the B Baltimore Con nvention Centter. For the latest information i visit www or call us at a (410) 296-66959. Contact: Va anessa Finney 410-296-6959 info@mants.ccom www.MA

New ws - VSLD D Officcers Electted

Richmond, VA A. The Virginnia Society off Landscapee Designers (VSLD) ellected its 2013 officers annd board at th heir annual meeting helld at the Charles C Luck Stone Centeer in Richmond. m They arre: President,, Eve Williss of Eve's Creative C Landdscape Desiign in Chesterr; Vice Presiddent, Katie So okol of Down n River Landdscape Desiign in Rileyv ville; Treasurrer, Susan Kappel K of Creaatrix Landscaape Design in n Henrico; Seecretary, Chriis Coen of Nature's N Palettte in Hadenssville; Past Prresident, Tom m Thompson of Natural Art A Landscapin ng in Richmoond; Directo or, Kimberly League of G Gardens By Director, Design D in Williamsburg; W Michelle M Baud danza of Cu stom Gardeens, Inc. in n Yorktown; Director, Th heresa Biagio oli of Biagiolli's Garden Paath Design in Midlothiann; and Direector, David Chirico of WPL Site Design D in Virg ginia Beach. Fo ounded in 1960, 1 the V VSLD promotes m the proffessional com mpetence of itss members th hrough statew wide certification standaards, continuiing educaon, and reseaarch. The orgganization's tio go oals include the beautiffication of Virginia's V spacces, the enhanncement of th he relationshiip between m man, architeecture and thee environmennt, and the prromotion of professionaliism in the ap pplication of design. d VSLD V memb bers are deddicated to prroviding theirr clients withh the finest in n landscape design d servicees and help in n the selectio on of approppriate and in nteresting plaant materials and hardsccapes. For more m informaation or to co ontact a land dscape designner in your arrea, go to ww . For more information coontact Denise D Greene,, VSLD Publicc Relations, at 804-642-0923. 8



April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

New ws - Spendding to Increase on n Some ndscape S Services Lan in 20113 Acccording to a New PLANET S Survey

Thirty-five percent of ppeople with a yard/landsccape hired a professionaal last year ffor reasons such as they y don’t havee the “knoowledge/skillss/ physical abbility” or the “right equip pment” to doo it themselveesHERNDON N, Va., Apriil 30, 2013 — A new U.S S. online survvey conducted d by Harris Interactive on behalf of o PLANET, the national trade associaation of landdscape industtry profession nals, asked d consumers about theiir spending oon a range off professionaal lawn and llandscape serrvices, includ ding lawn ccare, landscappe installation n and mainteenance, irriggation, design n /build serviices, outdoorr lighting, and d holiday lighhting and deccor. The study,, conducted on behalf of o PLANET inn February 2013, surveyed d 2,219 adullts ages 18 aand older, of o whom 1,8330 have a laawn or land dscape. Thirrty-five perceent have hired d professionaals to perforrm lawn and d landscape sservices, withh those in the South (38 ppercent) and West (40 perrcent) beingg more likely to hire a pro ofessional thhan those in the Midwesst (29 percentt.) While overrall consumeer spending is expected too remain steeady in mosst categories, landscape maintenance (mowing, eedging, leaf cleanup) willl see a sligght increase in spending g ($700 on avverage in the coming yearr1 vs. $6002 inn the past yeaar), as well as landscape ddesign/installaation ($1,200 03 1 3 in the comiing year vs. $1,000 in the past year2).

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Responses indicate that the biggest spending increase will likely be in the design/build area, with a potential for spending to double3 ($2,9001 on average from $1,4002). Where are people sending the most money? In the past year, the top three services purchased by consumers who have a lawn and landscape included: 18 percent on Landscape Maintenance/Care ($600 average spent)  16 percent on Lawn Care ($400 average spent)  11 percent on Tree Care ($400 average spent) For a complete list of spending on services, view the survey report at 

Men outpace women when it comes to hiring professional landscape help over the past year (39 percent vs. 32 percent), and younger adults, ages 18 to 34, stand out as most likely to have hired professionals the building of

outdoor living spaces, patios and walkways over the past year (9 percent vs. 3 percent of those aged 35+). “About a third of the Americans who have a lawn or landscape turn to professionals for help for a variety of reasons, some of which include that they don’t have the skills and ability or patience to do it themselves, and that they want a professional look,” said PLANET CEO, Sabeena Hickman, CAE, CMP. “We are pleased to help landscape industry companies bring the best knowledge and cuttingedge practices to their clients’ lawns and landscapes.” PLANET members can access a version of the report with additional demographic data in the member center of PLANET’s website.

About the Survey This survey was conducted online within the United States by Harris Interactive on behalf of PLANET from February 7-11, 2013, among

2,219 adults ages 18 and older, of whom 1,830 have a lawn/landscape. This online survey is not based on a probability sample and therefore no estimate of theoretical sampling error can be calculated. For complete survey methodology, including weighting variables, please contact Lisa Schaumann at

About PLANET PLANET, the Professional Landcare Network, is the national trade association representing more than 100,000 landscape industry professionals, who create and maintain healthy, green living spaces for communities across America. PLANET members are committed to the highest standards in industry education, best practices, and business professionalism. Many of PLANET’s professionals have attained the status of becoming Landscape Industry Certified, achieving the greatest level of industry expertise and knowledge. Visit PLANET at

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www w.landcarenetw 1

Am mong those wh ho will purchaase any landscape/caree from a proffessionaal over the nex xt year 2 Am mong those who w purchased any landscape/caree from a proffessionaal over the passt year 3 Duee to the samp ple size, the findings f aare directionaal rather than predicttive. Contact: Lissa Schaumann,, 7703-456-4217, E-mail: lisasch haumann@landccarenetwork.orrg

N News - Sttate Depa artmeent’s Gift of Dogwoods J to Japan In H Honor of 10 00th Anniveersary of Cherrry Tree Gift

Before these dogwoods d can c be shippped to Japan, technician Bill Phelan (left) remov ves potting media whilee geneticist Richard Olsen and horticulturist Susaan Bentz insp pect the leavees. Gardener Tom Abell (right) washhes the roots to prepare for inspecttion for pessts, pathogen ns, and overaall plant healtth. (D2774-1)) Moree than 100 years y ago, thee Japanese government presented flo owering cherrry trees as a gift g to the U.S. governm ment. Those wonderful w livin ng gifts have blossomed along the National N Mall’s Tidal Basin n, as well as at a other locattions around Washington, D.C., sincee then. In Appril 2012, Secretary of Staate Hillary Clinton ann nounced a gift of 12


3,,000 flowering dogwoodd trees to Jaapan to comm memorate the 100th anniiversary of Japan’s J gift of cherry trees to the Un nited States. he job of finding f the rright dogTh woods w belong gs to scienti sts at the U.S. U National Arboretum, in Washin ngton, D.C. Agricultural Research Seervice plant geneticist Riichard Olseen has workeed to determiine the apprropriate dogw wood cultivaars for the vaaried Japanesse climate andd to locate th he planting maaterial. “T There are maany things too consider, in ncluding temp perature rangge and inseect pests to which particcular dogwood w candidattes may be suusceptible,” saays Olsen. Th he planning group g - whicch includes th he U.S. Dep partment of State; the U.S. U Departm ment of Aggriculture’s Animal A and Plant P Health Inspection Seervice, Foresst Service, aand ARS; an nd the U.S./Japan Bridginng Foundatio on, a nonpro ofit organizaation—sent th he first batch of 150 treess to Japan, an nd they weree planted in Tokyo in November N 2012. Altogeth er, a total off 1,000 will be planted in Tokyo, 1,,000 in the Tohoku T regionn in honor off the tsunamii victims, andd the final 1,,000 will be distributed tto schools an nd other org ganizations tthroughout th he country. “W We are evalu uating the peerformance off dogwood geermplasm at tthe arboretu um as well ass novel cultivvars availablle in the American nurserry industry to o find those most m suited too the Japaneese clime,” says Olsen. T The arboretu um has, for decades, d colleected dogwood w germplasm from aacross the United U States— —it is found from Florid da to Michig gan and as faar west as Missouri M and Texas. T Th he arboretum m’s Woody L Landscape Pllant Germplaasm Reposittory holds many m species of dogwood as well as otther trees and d shrubs. The repository seerves to intrroduce, mainntain, and diistribute diverse and wild--origin geneetic resourcess of trees and shrubs for April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

landscape uuse through ccollection, ex xchange, andd evaluation. Woody plan nt germplasm is also evaluuated for pro oduction pottential and fuurther characcterized usinng molecular ttechnologies. The repossitory is ressponsible fo or maintainingg more thann 200 woody y plant generra. More thann 1,400 accesssions of seeeds are mainttained in storrage for direect distributioon, and anoth her 2,800 livving plants aare maintained d on site at B Beltsville andd Glenn Dalee, Maryland; and in Washiington, D.C. By Sharon Durham, Aggricultural Reesearch Servvice Informatiion Staff. This researrch is part of Plant Genetic Resources, Genomics, and Genetic Improvemeent, an ARS national pro ogram (##301) described at a . Richard O Olsen is in the USDA-ARS Floral and Nursery Plannts Research Unit, U.S. National Arbooretum, 3501 Ave., N.E., Wasshington, D.C. New York A 200002; (301) 504-5657.

News - Green IIndustry Wins in n 2013 F Farm Bill Research h The USDA A has approveed nearly $3.3 3 million to fund criticaal floral and d n nursery inddustry researcch projects in 2013 througgh the 2008 F Farm Bill Secction 102011 “pest and disease” program. ANL LA and SAF F applaud the decision, w which includees several pro ojects of dirrect benefit tto greenhouse and nurseryy growers. One majorr project of pparticular im mportance to the greenhouuse and nurseery industryy was awarrded the fulll $159,000 rrequest. That effort, spearrheaded by ANLA andd SAF, is to o begin deveeloping softw ware tools thaat will make iit easier for grreenhouse and d nurseries tto participatee in systems approach ceertification prrograms. The ornam mentals industry is often n singled outt, fairly or unnfairly, to con nVNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

trol the movement of invasive plants and pests, which can travel with plants and flowers. Increasing attention is being focused on the possibility of regulating plant movement through audit-based systems approach certification programs, rather than by inspection of individual shipments. “It is absolutely necessary that we make sure that growers, with their real-world experience, are involved in the design of any certification program,” said ANLA’s Joe Bischoff. “We believe that the best, most widely accepted programs will be based on significant input from the industry.” For that reason, SAF and ANLA have continued to be actively involved in several of the current efforts to create interstate and/or international, certification programs. “We are actively consulting with industry leaders,” said SAF’s Lin Schmale, “and making sure that the USDA, state, and other efforts hear industry’s voice!”

The new project would create a software-based array of accepted “best management practices” from which an individual greenhouse or nursery grower could quickly and easily choose to address the operation’s specific product and shipping situation. Once the grower creates an overall plan to cover the critical control points in the operation, it can be approved by the certifying government agency and then the operation could get its products out the door quickly without waiting for individual inspections. “Participation in any certification approach would be voluntary, and if growers want to continue to use the current inspection systems, they could do so,” said Bischoff. “But we think that if we can help steer the government agencies into developing effective, easy to use programs, the industry will greatly benefit.”

Other important green industry research projects approved under the Section 10201 announcement include: 

$385,680 to a project focusing on Impatiens Downy Mildew, a collaborative effort including USDA’s IR-4 and the Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Michigan State University, Cornell University, North Carolina State University and the University of Florida.

$143,000 to a project spearheaded by IR-4 and including ARS and international researchers, to study Chrysanthemum White Rust.

$245,483 to continue the study of enhanced mitigation techniques for the control of several exotic whitefly species, to the University of Florida and cooperators including ARS and the Florida Department of Agriculture.

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Go ahead …. shoot! Go ahead... shoot! Go …. shoot! Go ahead ahead …. shoot! aa Plant Plant Go ahead aa aNursery Plant…. shoot! a Plant

Nursery aaLandscape or installation installation LandscapeaDesign Design a Nursery a you Plantthink aIndustry Landscape Design or installation any Green object would make a great any Green Industry object you think would make a great photo a Landscape Design or installation a Nursery any Green Industry objectphoto you think would make a great any Green Industry object you think would make a great a Landscape Design or installation photo VNLA – Photo Contest any Green Industry objectphoto you think would make a great photo

August 2011 - Jennifer Seay

Insert previous photo winner from Mar/Apr issue, page 13 “Iris sibirica”

Photo folder: IrisDSCF8271_edited1.jpg

January 2013 - Katie Klages

October 2011 - Dwayne Jones

VNLA Photo Contest VNLA Photo Contest A winner and prize for each bi-monthly VNLA newsletter VNLA Photo Contest A winner and prize for – 6each totalbi-monthly per year. VNLA newsletter A winner and prize for each bi-monthly VNLA newsletter VNLA Photo Contest Contest 6Photo total per year. One VNLA Grand Prize –winner chosen at the end of the year.

December 2012 - John Wessel

December 2011 - Michele Fletcher

September 2012 - Lisa Lipsey

–for 6each total per year. A winner winner and prize bi-monthly VNLA newsletter One Grand Prizefor winner chosen at the end of theNewsletter year. A and prize each Quarterly VNLA One Grand Prize – winner chosen at the end of the year. total peryear. year. Details at: -46total per DetailsGrand at: Prizewinner winner chosen chosen atatthe end of the year.year. OneOne Grand Prize the end of the Details at: Details at:

Winner W of the Ap pril/May/ y/June 20 013 Photto Conteest

V VNLA - Ph hoto C Contest Rules 1. The coontest is open n to any pho otographerr (amateur annd profession nal) exceptt members off Board of Diirectors off VNLA and ttheir familiess. Entries arre limited to VNLA mem mbers and thheir staff. 2. Each p photographeer may enter up to thrree (3) digitaal images peer Newsletteer deadline (seee #6). E-maiil images too Include your nam me, phone num mber and occcupation. . One winniing entry per photographer per yeear. You may y re-enter noon-winning eentries. 3. Please e-mail imagees separately y. Feel free to elaborate on any story y surroundinng the photoggraph. Photos should bee 300 dpi high resolution.. 4. All phhotographs suubmitted musst have beenn taken withinn the past five years.

Photo o Winnerr: Diane Smith S

Di--namic Land dscape Desig gns, Hampto on Roads, V VA Patriotic P Lan ndscape .

Win $50, submit your phottos!

Good d Luck an nd Happ py Photo ographing! VN NLA Summeer Tour, Auggust 9 Pam H Harper Garrden: Natioonally recogniized Author, Photoggrapher, Garden n Writer VNLA VNL LNewsletter A Newsletterr

April /May/June / May / June 2013 April/ 20 13

must be relatt5. All photographs m bed to the Green Indusstry. The sub ject can be located iin a nursery y, back yardd, or in a landdscape--just so o it is obviously relatedd to the green n industry pprofession. 6. Deadline for subm mission is 5:00 0 dp.m. on thhe Newsletterr Copy Dead line, whicch is the 15tth of January y, March, M May, July, Seeptember and d Novemberr. All submisssions become the properrty of the VN NLA. 7. Modell Release foorms are reequired wiith each phottograph which h contains a clearly ideentifiable perrson. Releease forms are available from the VNLA officee, on requestt, and are allso available for download d from the VNLA webssite at Modeel release in MS Word foormat or Adobe PDF foormat. Judgging done by thhe VNLA Com mmunication Coommittee. All decisions aree final.


$240,000 to the Hawaii Department of Agriculture to continue developing a systems approach to pest management in production of potted nursery plants, including orchids, anthurium, and others.

$100,000 to Washington State University to study steaming as a method of eradicating Phytophthora species in field soil.

$660,000 to two ongoing and coordinated projects involving IR-4, federal, university and industry partners to further understand the environmental factors involved in Boxwood Blight development and mitigation strategies to manage the disease.

$185,000 to a collaborative project including IR-4, ARS and the Universities of Florida, Hawaii and California to study the management and help prevent shipping of invasive insects.

$40,000 to the State of Florida, to conduct a survey of gladiolus rust in the state.

Nearly $683,000 to support ongoing research, primarily directed at Phytophthora ramorum, at the National Ornamentals Research Site in California.

$453,132 to various National Clean Plant Network-associated projects, to develop harmonized national certification standards, evaluate the economic impact of the program, and to inform growers of their ability to access proven pest- and disease-free stock.

“SAF and ANLA were strongly involved, as part of the Specialty Crop Farm Bill Alliance, in advocating for this important funding,” said Schmale. “Specialty crops have been traditionally under-represented in previous farm bills, and we continue to advocate - most recently as a part 16


of SAF’s Congressional Action Days this March - to continue this important funding into the new Farm Bill." Section 10201 of the 2008 Farm Bill directs the Secretary of Agriculture to make available $50 million in annual Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) funds for early plant pest detection and surveillance, for threat identification and mitigation of plant pests and diseases, and for technical assistance in the development and implementation of audit-based certification systems and nursery plant pest risk management systems. Click here to read more about the Section 10201 Farm Bill funding. For further information contact: Lin Schmale, Joe Bischoff,

News - Virginia Farm Bureau acquires full ownership of State Fair of Virginia The Virginia Farm Bureau Federation entered into an agreement March 14 to assume full ownership of the State Fair of Virginia and The Meadow Event Park from Universal Fairs LLC of Cordova, Tenn. Farm Bureau, which had been 50percent owner since last July, entered into an agreement on the remaining 50 percent and will continue to operate the State Fair and many other events on the historic 331-acre property that was once home to Secretariat, the legendary Thoroughbred who captured the 1973 Triple Crown. This year’s fair will run from Sept. 27 to Oct. 6 at the Caroline County site. “This is a very proud day for Virginia Farm Bureau,” noted VFBF President Wayne F. Pryor. “Universal Fairs was a great partner for the first year, and the two groups were able to work together to continue uninterrupted operation of the State Fair afApril / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

ter it had gone into bankruptcy just months earlier. “And we part ways amicably,” he added. “Farm Bureau’s mission is to preserve, protect and promote agriculture, and help it prosper. We’ve realized there’s no better way to showcase this great industry than through the State Fair. Universal Fairs operates events across the country and did a great job in Virginia. They agreed to allow us to take full ownership so they could better focus on their many other events nationwide. “We learned a lot and gained tremendous insight into how to operate a fair during 2012. Now, the pressure is fully on our shoulders,” Pryor said. “But we plan to expand and improve this wonderful event beginning this year and well into the future. “We plan to carry this out through teaching exhibits, shows and competitive events that include livestock, dairy, equine, sheep and goats and much more," Pryor said. “We also plan to continue the Skills USA competitions as well as competitions for photography and arts and crafts and the ever-popular Educational Expo, which hosts approximately 14,000 schoolchildren who participate in a Standards of Learning-based program and tour.” Mark D. Lovell, president of Universal Fairs, said keeping the State Fair open in 2012 was “a welcome challenge and an extremely rewarding opportunity. It’s a unique and muchloved event, and we were proud to open those gates and light up that property last September. I’m sure the State Fair of Virginia has a long and promising future.” With nearly 150,000 members in 88 county Farm Bureaus, VFBF is Virginia’s largest farmers’ advocacy group. Farm Bureau is a non-governmental, nonpartisan, voluntary organization committed to protecting Virginia’s farms and ensuring a safe, fresh and locally grown food supply.

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Field F Day D Pro ofile - Brent B aand Beecky’s Bulbss come for thee flower grow wers.

Breent & Becky y’s Bulbs will w be the host sitte for the VN NLA F Field Day an nd Summerr Tour on Augu ust 8-9, 2013. In 20007, as we celebrated c thee 400th annivversary of Jaamestown, is an approprriate time to talk about ho ow daffodils came to Gloucester because b daffoodils are not native to th he U.S. It’s qquite possiblee that the firstt daffodils ccame to Ameerica with tho ose who camee to settle Virginia - perhaps not on thhe first ship ps, but certaiinly on ones that arrived shortly s thereaafter. Imaggine leaving yo our home and most of your family in ord der to start a new n life. This is done often n in today’s society, but nnow, it’s not difficult d to geet home for visits with todaay’s modern ways w of s would d probatravel. The early settlers bly nnot be going home again. Unless they were quite weealthy, they probably were not allowed to bring many perhem as space in passonall items with th sage cost a premiu um. I feel certtain that manyy of the wom men, with theiir many petticcoats, sewed lots of little pockets on thhem to be ablle to smugglee a few persoonal treasuress that would remind them of home. Mo ost of the earrly voyVNLA Newsletter

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ges took place during thhe summer ag months m when daffodil buulbs were do ormant and they t were peerfect nonbrreakable item ms to stuff inn a pocket du uring the traavel across tthe ocean. Once O the settllers arrived iin Virginia an nd got adjusteed to their new w home, it was w autumn, th he time to plaant the daffo odil bulbs. Maany of the da ffodils that diid come with the t early settllers quickly accclimated to their new sooil and climate. m Many beegan to perennnialize, or acct like wildflo owers and spreead not only y by division but also by sseed. When th he daffodils bloomed in thee spring, it was w a fond rem minder of thee homeland fo or the settlers and daffodills soon becaame a favoritee flower. As A years and generations g folllowed and co ommerce deveeloped on thee rivers via stteamboats in and around Gloucester an nd the Chesap peake Bay, a cottage indu ustry became well establishhed by the lo ocal inhabitants of Gloucesster. In the sp pringtime, man ny residents oof Gloucesteer and Mathew ws would pickk their daffo odils, put theem in basketss and take th hem to the local wharfs too load onto stteamboats thaat would headd to Baltimore, m Philadelp phia, New Yorrk and otherr northern marrkets. After a long, cold winter, w the fresh picked daaffodil cash crrop was a welcomed w addditional inApril / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13

In 1900, m my husband, B Brent Heath’s grandfatherr, Charles Heeath, who was living in N New York at tthe time, ate a cantaloupe for breakfastt one morning g and thoughht it was so delicious thaat he had som meone trace the delicious fruit back to Gloucester.. He wrote the farmer a nnote thankingg him for the delicious ccantaloupe annd ordered a case a week until the ennd of the seaason. The faarmer was soo thrilled with h this thoughhtful note andd order that he invited Mrr. Heath dow wn for a visitt. Mr. Heath fell in love with the area and boughht ‘Auburn’ oon the North h River in M Mathews. T There was a wharf at thhe end of thee dock at Au uburn. In thee spring, Mr. Heath noticed d those baskeets of daffodiil flowers thaat had been ppicked and lloaded on the boats headded for the nnorthern marrkets. He rem membered seeeing daffodils in Europe while he w was there fo or business, bbut the ones iin Europe had d longer stem ms and moree substance to o the flowers, which helpeed them to lasst longer in thhe garden annd in a floweer arrangemennt. After som me thought, he assumed iff the smalleer types were obviously ggrowing well here and selll1717

ing w well in the wh holesale flower markets, he’d have to o hope that th he longer steemmed types would grow well in this aarea as well. So he placed d an order ffor some and d had them shipped s over from Europee. The newerr, more modeern cultivarss of daffodiils did grow w well and wh hen the local farmers f saw tthem, they wanted w some, too, so Charrles Heath beg gan to grow and a sell to thhe local farm mers who then n grew them m for the cut flower market. The freshh picked farm m raised flow wer industrry boomed and a it seemeed like everyyone with a sp pare side yard d space or moore were partt of that indusstry. In thhe 30’s, an embargo e was placed on D Dutch bulbs and a it was declared d that they would not n be able to ship them m from Hollan nd to the U.S S. until the hhealth issues in the bulb bs were clearred up. Right before the em mbargo was to take effectt; one of the largest bulb growing operations in Holland H contaacted Charless Heath and asked a if they could bring their t growing g operation to Gloucesster and Mathews M Counnty. They agrreed to the arrangea mentt and for a nu umber of yeaars, our area grew more daffodils than any otherr place in the world.

Mr. H Heath found it difficult to manage aall of the peop ple it took to operate this large businesss, so he co ontacted his soon, George Heath, H and ask ked him to leeave China where w he haad been livingg and workin ng, and comee home to heelp. George did d so and th he business really boomeed. There werre thousandss of acres of daffodils being grow wn, mostly forr fresh flowers. Whenn the embarg go was lifted on daf18 18

odil bulbs, thee Dutch took their busifo neess home. So on George haad become en namored witth daffodils and had grrown quite comfortablee on the sh hores of thee North Rivver, so he bo ought a placce on Back C Creek and sttarted growin ng and colllecting as many m types off daffodils ass he could geet his han nds on. Hee married Katharine K Carttmell and toggether, they beegan and maiil order businness called Th he Daffodil Mart M where thhey sold as many m as 1500 different typee of daffodiil bulbs in onee catalogue. In n the early 19 940’s there w was a Daffo odil Festival in Gloucestter, which brrought many visitors in tthe spring. Th hen in 1945 when the U U.S. joined WWII, W the gro owing of dafffodil bulbs an nd the Daffo odil Festival had to be pu ut on the bacck burner, ass everyone was w needed to o do jobs perrtaining to th he war effort. Now, N there are still some who grow daaffodils for frresh flowers and others who w grow them for bulbs. But there arre many aban ndoned fields where the bu ulbs were gro own for the sspring cash crrop where treees have hencee emerged. Th he flowers can c still be s een in the sp pring, blooming their littlee heads off, lo ooking to be marching in rows, exacctly where they had beeen planted geenerations beefore and w where only th heir ‘daughterrs’ have spreaad out. The Daffodil D Festiival has retuurned and flourished and the daffodil flower has reecaptured its ‘favorite flow wer’ status beecause it’s a wonderful, pest proof gaarden flower and one of tthe earliest to o bloom in thee spring. Family Time Line L Charles C Heath (Brent’s granndfather) 35 1900 - 193 George G Heath (Brent’s fatheer) 1935 1960 Katharine K Heatth (Brent’s m mother) 1960 - 197 72 Brent Heath 19 972 - present Becky Heath 1979 - presentt Brent and Becky’s Bulbbs Wholesaale/retail maiil order/webssite flower April //May/June May / June 2013 April/ 22013

bulb businness; Educattional Earth hFriendly G Garden on-sitee; Garden Ed ducation Seeminars availlable; Markeet Niche: Pubblic Gardens, Landscape Designers and discerninng home garrdeners whoo want the verry best quality y and want tto be sure theey are getting g the specificc items they oordered. Business P Philosophy: W We, as a com mpany, need to providde education n about how w to garden in an earth hfriendly waay, which wiill keep us alll be active A AND healthy while living a self-sustainning and lonng and happy y life. And w we need to kkeep in mind d that it needds to be FUN N - otherwisee, no one willl do it!

Brent and B Becky’s Bulbbs is located at a 7900 Daffo fodil Lane, inn Gloucesterr, Virginia. B Becky Heathh is Presiden nt and CEO of the com mpany. Bren nt Heath is Viice President and ‘Spokessperson’. They own another couuple of busiinesses: min’ Garden’’ - Color ‘My Bloom Landsccaping (Colouur) ‘Heath Traails’ - taking ppeople on Nature//garden relateed tours They havee also writtenn two bookss, “Daffodils for North h American n ps for North h Gardens” and “Tulip American Gardens” which were both honorred with awaards from the Garden Wrriters of Amerrica.

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Otheer Honors:    

  

A American Horrticultural Society G Great American Gardenerss A Award - 2001 1 E Elected to the Garden Writters of A America ‘Hall of Fame’ - 2002 2 G Gold Medal from fr the Amerrican H Horticultural Society - 200 00 G Gold Medal from fr the Masssachussetts Horticulttural Society 2000 aand a Gold Medal M for our exhibit e in their flowerr show - 2006 6 G Gold Medal from fr the Amerrican D Daffodil Socieety - 2003 IInducted into the Garden Writer’s W H Hall of Fame - 2001 G Garden Club of o America - 2011

Brent attended d Roanoke C ollege and Old O Dominion University aand Becky atttended Montrreat-Andersonn College in Black Mountaain, NC, andd Virginia h University, graduating Commonwealth with w a degree in n music.

  

Organizattion and Po sitions Members of the Perennnial Plant Association n  Garden Wrriters of Ameriica  American Public P Gardenn Association and thee American D Daffodil Society  Brent has been b on the B BOARD of GWA and APGA A  Becky is a member of the GWA board and Secretary of tthe organization Other O things that t you shou uld know:

Fav vorite Plant::

Brent - #1 Daffodil; #2 Lilies; #3 Camelliia 1 Daffodil;  Becky - #1 10/20/2004 12:24 1s #2 Leucoju umPM, #3Page Lilies

 

SiteLight .5 pg bw 3ads 10-04.qxd

Favoorite Flower Color: Brent - yellow, bluee, red Becky - blue, red, w white Dislikes: Kudzu;; petacities; w wire grass; Johnsonn grass; Ornithogalum umbellaatum Best Habitt: Brent - avid reader (uup early and reads foor at least an hhour every morningg). Becky - persistent, coonsistent, attention to detail Worst Habiit: Brent - not finishing a project; bouncinng from one thhing to another. Becky - not taking ouut enough timee for playy Hobbies: Brent - pleasure & veegetable gardening; hybridizing ddaffodils; shelll & plantt collecting; traaveling; bird watchinng; nature studdy. Becky - grandchildrenn; gardening; singing//dancing; sporrts

Ad - VN NLA Field d Day & S Summer Tour The East Coast’s Premier Outdoor Lighting Distributor. For almost 20 years of quality service and technical expertise. A reliable source for all of your lighting and design needs. We stock all major brands • Arroyo Craftsman • Hadco • B-K Lighting • Hanover Lantern • CopperMoon • Hunza • Focus • Kichler • Greenlee • Kim and many more.

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430 Southlake Boulevard, Richmond, Virginia 23236


VNLA Newsletter

VNL LA Newsletterr

April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13


Drea am Vacation n:  

the bulbbs’, getting thhem ready forr our cusstomers’ gardens.

Brent - going to a tropiccal island filled with beautiful exootic plants, shells and people. Becky - go oing to a placee where there is lotts of singing aand dancing in the garden g duringg the day and where I can enjoy w watching sports even nts in the evennings.


 

Brent sayss ‘Becky is hiis heroine’ Becky sayss ‘Brent is herr hero’

#1: God grant g me SERE RENITY to accept the things I cannnot change, COURAG GE to change tthe things I can and WISDOM W to kknow the difference.. #2: Keep on o keeping onn!

 

Favo orite Quotess:

 Multiiple demonstra ation gardens of o bulbs, perrennials tropica al and woody plants p

Plaan on spendiing an enjoy yable ttime getting g ideas from m many gardens at the VNLA Field Day at Brrent & Beck ky’s Bulbs Thursd day, August 8

Brent - to help fellow reesidents of our wondeerful earth to sstay in touch with h that place thhat we are a part of th hrough the joyys of earth friendly gaardening to poositively impact the minds and m moods of all people to t effect worlld peace and a sustaainable futuree. Becky - to help familiess get outside again,, playing togeether in the garden, gettting dirty toggether raising their own ‘slow food’ and beautiful gardens g while getting healthier with w better nuttrition and exercise.



Brent - sittting at my de sk to complete the necessary tasks of paperwork k (fortunately,, Becky does most of it!) Becky - go oing to sleep aat night - I find it diffi ficult to cut offf my mind in plaanning the neext day or problem so olving.

Best Part of o Your Woorkday: 


Hardest H Part of Your W Workday: 

Helpful Hint When n Handling Employeees:

Brent - Beeing in my garrden with fellow gard deners with w whom I get to share the knowledge of successful plaant culture andd beauty. Becky - wo orking side-byy-side with our sttaff in the offi fice or in the wareho ouse as we ‘scchlep all April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

Brent - treat them ass team members whho are contribbuting to the mutual success of ouur business and beiing appreciatiive of their part. Becky - Working sidde-by-side with them, recogniziing and utilizing theiir strengths foor positions where tthey may be bbetter suited. Then delegating, maaking them feel ressponsible, emp mpowered and appreciiated.

Hottesst Upcomingg Trend:

Sustainnable, sequenttial meadows using bbulbs, perenniials, annuals, trees, shhrubs, groundd covers and edibles.

Best Ad dvice Ever R Received: 

Brent - work hard annd work smart; ffind the workk that you enjoy andd do best; parttner for the rest. ANYTHING Becky - you can do A you waant to do and sset your mind d to; worrking hard is ggood but work sm mart is better.

How orr Why Your Company y Manaaged to Stayy in Businesss So Longg? 

B & B - We have worked hard to o bring thhe best of the best bulbs to o gardeneers including ‘true to name’ aand top qualitty as part of that equuation. We haave also tried to combbine that withh the best cus-tomer eeducation andd personal custom mer service avaailable.

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Our plants are featured based on the characteristics for which they are most appreciated. You will find the main feature of each plant listed on the top right corner of its tag.




Little R


x gran

ichard Abelia 'Lit tle

dif lora



C om shape pact everg d flow r e r s o n e e n s hrub w archin it g bran h white be Bloom ll ches in Time: s umm Heigh er. t: 3 -4 Summer to ’h Fall Z o n e: 6 S prea d: 3 -4 ABE L ’w IA 3 G AL


$9.75 1 0 27 5 -03




exclusively grown by

(800)343-4611 •




Bigggest Challeenge, Obstaccle or D Disaster in Business B Hiistory:

Brecks; Dutch h Gardens; V Van Bour(B go ondien; Michiigan Bulbs, etcc.)

B & B - The sale s of our bu usiness - The Daffodil Mart

W Who is your most m significant mento or and why? ?

B Brent - Mr. Grant G Mitsch, deceased; a daffodil d breed der who ttook me underr his wing and d sshared with me m all of his methods m ffor hybridizin ng and bulb grrowing ssuccesses.

beneficial bbacteria mayy improve ou ur immune syystems, we will cultivate not only greeat plants, buut also a whole new groupp of gardeninng customerss. Educationaal material thhat is easy to o understand and ‘how-too’ demonstraations will hhelp people become more involved inn the gentlestt and most reewarding off all of the perrforming arts gardening. Eddited by Sandy M Miller

Mobile M Tour sig gns are locatedd throughout their extensive e landsscape

What do yo ou know noow, that you wo ould have liiked to know when w you staarted in business?

Futurre Plans: Several years ago, our oldest so on, Jay, and hhis wife, Deniise decided th hat they woulld like to be ‘the next geneeration’ of ouur company. So S they are gradualg ly taaking over paarts of the business b and eventually, we will wo ork for them m. That meanss the web sitee is better annd there is a ‘self-guided tour’ t of our C Chesapeake Bay B Friendly Teaching G Garden via cell phones th hat was desiggned by Jay. Denise is ou ur Bulb Shopppe buyer and d our education coordinnator, so our legacy of ‘teeaching abou ut gardening’ will continue and we coouldn’t be more m thrilled!!

Hoow has the in ndustry cha anged since you started d in business? b Like other parts of o the ‘farmin ng comb growmuniity’, smaller, specialty bulb ers hhave retired without w a replaacement whilee larger groweers are getting g larger. The ‘Box Store’ price squeeeze has okers to go bankrupt causeed several bro who in turn have caused c some growers g ness. One larg ge mail to goo out of busin orderr ‘holding co ompany’ now w owns most mail order flo ower bulb com mpanies 22


Th hat what we do is not justt sell bulbs an nd plants, we also providee education an nd entertainm ment and it n eeds to be FU UN!...otherw wise no one w will want to do o it!

Scan ffor Brent & Beecky Website

VN VNLA Fielld Day Breent & Beckyy’s Bulbs Gloucestter, VA Thursday, August 8

VNL LA Summ mer Tour F Friday, A August 9

Wheree do you thiink the greeen industry is going in the next 10 yeears? As A we help others becoome more aw ware of our collective c imppact on the en nvironment and promoote earthfrriendly gardeening, emphaasizing the heealth benefitss of being out utdoors and geetting our haands in the eaarth where April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

The 50-acre farm, D Dunham Masssie Farm m offers maany types of plant m material displlayed in variious garrdens, which include shade and sunn gardens, a kitchen herb b garden,, a meditationn garden and a woodlaand path leadiing to a secreet garden

VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

Neews Sandra a McDona ald Recog gnized byy the ARS and Norf rfolk den Botaniical Gard

News Pegggy Singllemann New H Host of VA Homeegrown

McD Donald’s cross Hotsho ot x Hershey Reed

K Ken and Sandra a McDonald att the unvveiling of a pla aque recognizin ng the McDonald Hybrid H Azaleass

On A April 28, San ndra McDonaald was recoggnized by thee Norfolk Bo otanical Gardden and the American A Rho ododendron Society for work w as a hybridizer.


McDonald’s ‘Salmon ‘ Sunrisse’

The pplaque in the photo reads:

“M McDonald Hybrid H Azalleas” The beds surroun nding this areea containn a large colleection of McD Donald hybbrid azaleas. Thses T azaleass were devveloped by lo ocal hybridizeer Dr. Sanddra McDonalld at Le-Mac NurseN ry in Ham mpton, VA. SStarting in thee mid 1970’s, Dr. MccDonald bega an a breeding g program m with the inteention of deveeloping azaleeas that weree hardy to the region (USSDA Zone 7-8)), and featuriing the fanccy and unusua al flowers typ pical of thhe more tendeer florist azaleeas.

VNLA Newsletter

VNL LA Newsletterr

McDonald M hyybrid azaleas also tend to t have attracctive evergreeen foliage, long l bloom peeriods and a nneat compact p habit makking them a ggreat addition to any a home gardden. There T are 22 registered r culltivars and several otherr named or nuumbered cu ultivars, mostt of which cann be found here. In addition, many onee-of-a-kind seedling plan nts which werre part of th he hybridizatiion program are planted here. In n recognition of her contriibutions to horticulturee, Dr. McDon ald was awarded the 1988 Silverr Medal Award and the t 2006 Goldd Medal Award A by thee American Rhhododendrron Society. Norfolk N Botanical Garden’ss relationship s with Le-M Mac Nursery ggoes back many m years to Ken McDonaald, one of th he Le-Mac’s founders, f andd Frederic Heutte, H the Garden’s G first executive director. d Le-M Mac and the M McDonalds have h generoussly donated m many azaleas e to the Garrden through the years.

After the retirement oof long- time nhost, Richaard Nunnallyy, Peggy Sin glemann, D Director of H Horticulture at a Maymont P Park in Richm mond, is now w co-host of W WCVE-TV's monthly pro ogram "Virgginia Home Grown". Co ohost Amy B Barton Williaams and Peggy y welcomed D David Sewarrd, head of the Horticulture Departmennt at J Sargen nt Reynolds C Community C College to heer debut progrram in Marchh. http:/// Provvided by Karenn Kelly,. SShipp & Wilsonn Inc

Quiz Arrticle - Sooil-Waterr Budgeets and Irrrigation Sourrces and T Timing VNLA A - Certiffication Qu uiz Articlee #64

Dr. D McDonald d continues too be active in n the Mid-A Atlantic Chappter of the ARS A and is the t chief phootographer an nd publisher of o their Newssletter. For moree details and phhotos on Dr. McD Donald’s hybridds, go to http://macars.orrg/PlantSaleDaata/McDon ald/m mcdonald.htmll and Norfollk Botanical G Garden Provid ded by Jeff Milller

April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13

If you are a Virginia Ceertified Horti-culturist, reead this articlle and answerr the quizz questions onn page 35, fax/mail tthe Quiz Answ wer postcard and get 1 C CEU towardss your recerti-ficaation requirem ments. [page 24-344] 2323

Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing

Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing W. Lee Daniels, Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech Greg Evanylo, Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech Kathryn Haering, Research Associate, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, Virginia Tech Laurie Fox, Research Associate, Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Virginia Tech David Sample, Assistant Professor, Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech

Introduction The successful establishment and management of turfgrass and landscape plantings are highly dependent on the maintenance of adequate soil moisture over time, particularly during periods of drought. Ideally, the soil’s physical properties allow for rapid infiltration and retention of rain and applied irrigation waters. When adverse soil properties such as excessive compaction and lack of aggregation (see chapters 2 and 3) limit soil infiltration rates, valuable water is lost to runoff and may carry excess nutrients away with it in stormwater discharge. Conversely, when excess soil water percolates down through the soil profile, particularly during the winter, it may also carry away soluble nutrients such as nitratenitrogen to local groundwater. Thus, the relative risk of nutrient movement to groundwater and surface waters in any managed soil landscape is strongly controlled by the physical nature of the soil profile coupled with the nature of the vegetation and associated management practices. These site-specific factors then interact

with local climate — particularly rainfall intensity and snowmelt — resulting in different infiltration and runoff rates. In this chapter, we will focus on understanding how water applied as rainfall or irrigation moves into and out of the soil profile on a local (e.g., home lot) basis. Greater detail on larger scale (e.g., subdivision or watershed level) stormwater and nutrient runoff issues and best management practices is presented in chapter 12.

The Hydrologic Cycle and SoilWater Budgets A basic understanding of the hydrologic cycle (illustrated in figure 11.1) is necessary to understand nutrient loss mechanisms and to develop management strategies to reduce nutrient losses to groundwater and surface water. The primary components of the hydrologic cycle that are most important to nutrient transport in surface water and groundwater are: • Precipitation. • Interception of rainfall on plants. • Surface runoff. • Evapotranspiration (evaporation plus plant transpiration). • Net leaching to groundwater and eventual discharge into streams (base flow).

Figure 11.1. The hydrologic cycle. Figure by Kathryn Haering. 24

Nutrients move into the groundwater system via leaching and to surface water via runoff or groundwater discharge to springs and seeps. Any contaminants dissolved in surface runoff, such as nitrate (NO3-) or ortho-phosphorus, can contribute to surface water contamination. In addition, discharge of groundwater into surface water often occurs in

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Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing stream beds and tidal portions of the Chesapeake Bay system.

Precipitation Long-term annual precipitation averages range from 35 inches to more than 50 inches in different areas of the mid-Atlantic region. Although timing and amount of precipitation will vary in each individual year, these deviations from the average cannot be reliably predicted.

Interception From 5 percent to 40 percent of precipitation is intercepted by the leaves of plants, depending on the intensity of rainfall and the morphology of the canopy. This water never reaches the soil surface to contribute to either infiltration or runoff, but it does cool and wet the plant’s leaves, which can decrease transpiration losses over the short term. Higher interception rates are associated with light rains falling on dense multistoried canopies (e.g., mature woody trees over complete herbaceous groundcovers), while lower interception rates are associated with heavy rains on thinly vegetated surfaces, such as newly established lawns.

Surface Runoff Precipitation that falls onto the soil surface in excess of the infiltration rate will run off to lower portions of the landscape or to surface streams. Soil infiltration rates vary widely, from several inches of rainfall per hour on gently sloping, well-vegetated, and aggregated surfaces to less than 0.10 inch per hour on sloping, compacted, clayey, poorly vegetated areas. Infiltration is also affected by whether or not the soil surface is wet or dry at the start of the rainfall event (antecedent moisture conditions).

Evapotranspiration Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of surface evaporation of moisture (from puddles, ponds, etc.) plus the removal of soil moisture by the root uptake and subsequent transpiration of water through the leaves of living vegetation. For example, ET accounts for 25 to 40 inches of the total precipitation in Virginia and is highest in Eastern Virginia, where the long growing season and higher air temperatures combine for maximum plant water demand. The removal of soil water by ET decreases significantly when air temperatures drop below 45 degrees Fahrenheit (F) and/or when the active

vegetation goes dormant for the winter. Long-term average rainfall by month does not vary significantly throughout the year for most areas, but it is slightly higher in the late summer and early fall due to infrequent (but extreme) effects of hurricanes. Evapotranspiration, however, is much greater during the late spring, summer, and early fall because water use by vegetation is much higher during this period (see figure 11.2).

Leaching and Groundwater Discharge Water that infiltrates upland soils during the growing season is largely removed by evapotranspiration (figure 11.2); water losses beyond the rooting zone to groundwater are very rare. Consequently, the risk of leaching or runoff losses of water and soluble nutrients is much less during the summer than during the winter. However, during the late fall and winter, any added or remaining soil water — particularly that held in large macropores — is subject to leaching below the rooting zone and will eventually reach groundwater. During leaching, soluble nutrients such as nitrate percolate through the soil with water because they are not readily bound to soil surfaces. The relative amounts of surface runoff, interception, and leaching from an area are influenced by storm intensity, storm duration, slope, soil type, type of vegetation, and amount of plant or crop residue on the soil surface. During the winter months, the amounts of rainfall and snowmelt that infiltrate most upland soils greatly exceeds the rate of evapotranspiration. During this period (nominally November to March), water leaches completely through the soil profile and contributes to local groundwater “recharge.” Groundwater that infiltrates upland soils as recharge eventually discharges into local streams and is also termed “base flow.” Figure 11.3 depicts an example of a landscape-level water budget and net groundwater discharge to streams for a typical Ridge and Valley Province watershed. In this area, long-term leaching and discharge accounts for about 5 inches per acre of watershed area, while direct-surface runoff losses account for 7 inches per acre annually. Surface runoff contributions to stream water occur during and after rainfall events or snowmelt and are therefore highly variable over time. In contrast, base flow is usually a continuous contributor to stream flow throughout the year. During dry periods, base flow is the primary contributor to stream flow, which vividly demonstrates the interconnection of groundwater and surface waters.

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Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing

Figure 11.2. The soil water budget. This figure depicts the overall balance of water inputs (as precipitation) and losses (as runoff, evapotranspiration, and leaching) for a typical upland soil in the mid-Atlantic region. The annual period shown here runs from September (S) to September. Note that while average precipitation inputs are fairly even across the year, net evapotranspiration demand varies directly with the season as driven by temperature and day length. In midsummer (J, J, and A), potential evapotranspiration greatly exceeds rainfall and the difference between the two results in a soil water deficit that must be made up via supplemental watering/irrigation for optimal plant growth. By late fall (N and D), however, evapotranspiration drops with falling temperatures and the soil holds and stores water against leaching up to its water-holding capacity as soil storage. Once that capacity to retain water is exceeded, additional infiltrating rainwater and snowmelt is transmitted down through the soil and is lost as leaching to groundwater recharge. Figure by Kathryn Haering; based on data from Carroll County, Va.

Watering Basics for Turf and Landscape Plantings

Figure 11. 3. General water budget, Upper South Fork of the Shenandoah River (adapted from Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation 1993).

Base flow and subsurface seepage of groundwater contribute more than surface runoff to surface water bodies in the Atlantic Coastal Plain Province due to much flatter terrain, highly permeable soils, and relatively high water table levels. In some areas of the Coastal Plain, groundwater discharge may account for as much as 80 percent of total annual contributions to surface water. Groundwater in the Coastal Plain Province typically moves in a downwardly arcing path from uplands toward discharge points at a rate of several inches to as much as 2 feet per day. 26

As pointed out in the preceding section, plant transpirational demands for water during the summer usually exceed rainfall, which can lead to water stress, poor plant growth, and even death of established turf and landscape plantings. Water stress is amplified in urban soils that are limited by compaction and poor aggregation/infiltration (chapter 3) and in very sandy or rocky native soils with inherently low water-holding capacities (chapter 2). Therefore, we commonly supplement rainfall with watering/irrigation during the summer and early fall months.

Water Application Rate, Timing, and Frequency The amount of water needed by established turf or ornamental plants depends on the type of turf or plant, the soil type, the amount of existing moisture in the soil, and the time of year. Overwatering is a leading cause of problems with landscape plants and can also damage established turf — especially when applied to soils with limited permeability that locally perch shallow, saturated zones in soils (see chapter 3) or cause local ponding. Where feasible, rain sensors should be

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April / May / June 2013


Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing installed on large or commercial irrigation systems to prevent overwatering and waste and to reduce costs.

Application Rate One-time irrigation rates for turf should be sufficient to wet, but not saturate, the entire rooting depth as described below. This may vary from 0.5 to 1.5 inches or more of water per event, depending on the porosity, aggregation, and bulk water-holding capacity of the soil. An easy way to check this is to use a shovel to examine the wetting depth approximately 30 minutes after the irrigation event ends. Obviously, the application rate will also need to be managed to ensure complete infiltration and limited runoff. As a general guide, water should be applied to landscape plantings at the rate of 1.0 inch per week (60 gallons per 100 square feet) in a single application. This amount will wet most soils to a depth of about 12 inches (the area containing 80 percent of the roots of most landscape plants). Because water moves readily within the plant, you do not need to water the entire root zone. Twenty-five percent of the root area can absorb enough water for the entire plant. Irrigation should stop when water begins to run off. If necessary, 0.5 inch of water can be applied, followed by an additional 0.5 inch several hours later to prevent runoff. This rate is a general recommendation for established annuals, perennials, and woody plants in landscape beds.

Application Timing The best time to water is in the early morning, whether using a hand-held hose, drip or trickle system, microsprinklers, soaker or ooze hose, or overhead sprinklers. As much as 30 percent of the water applied overhead during midday can be lost to interception and evaporation. Also, overhead applications made early in the day allow time for the foliage to dry, which prevents diseases.

Slow, deep, soaking applications once a week are best for landscaping plants. Avoid short, frequent, shallow applications that can actually stress landscape plants or cause a buildup of ions or salts from the water in the soil that may be toxic to certain plants. Newly installed plants may require more frequent irrigation. This depends mainly on the plant species, soil type, and mulch. In general: • Water annuals every two days for the first two weeks. • Water perennials and woody plants every three to four days for the first three weeks. • Irrigation frequency should return to once a week as needed after the plants have been established.

Water Reuse: Using Reclaimed Water for Irrigation “Reclaimed water,” also known as “recycled water,” is water recovered from domestic, municipal, and industrial wastewater treatment plants that has been treated to standards that safely allow most uses except human consumption (figure 11.4). “Wastewater” (untreated liquid industrial waste and/or domestic sewage from residential dwellings, commercial buildings, and industrial facilities) is not reclaimed water. “Gray water,” or untreated wastewater from bathing or washing, is one form of wastewater. Wastewater may be land-applied, but this is considered to be land treatment rather than water reuse.

Application Frequency for Landscaping Plants For established turfgrass, the watering regime should be managed to provide enough water to wet the soil throughout the normal rooting zone (i.e., 6 to 12 inches) but not more than twice per week to avoid overwatering. Deep, infrequent watering promotes downward turfgrass root proliferation while more frequent, shallow irrigation events are detrimental to long-term turf rooting patterns and the sod’s inherent ability to withstand drought in the absence of watering. 28

Figure 11.4. Water reclamation process at a wastewater treatment facility. (adapted from Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] 2004).

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Connecting the Industry Across the Southeast


August 5-7 2013 Atlanta Georgia

SNA 2013

Georgia International Convention Center

SNA 2013

combines a New Regional Marketplace with the SNA Research Conference, the Southern Plant Conference, the SNA Annual Business Meeting, and SNA State Officer’s Conference to bring one unparalleled event – all under one roof!


Product mix

the best plants and related garden products from top growers and manufacturers from across the region

will include ornamental trees and shrubs, color, related landscape and outdoor living products, garden gifts and accessories, seasonal products, and more

Brings together the industry’s most forward thinking leaders, researchers, growers, manufacturers, distributors, landscapers, and retailers from across the Southeast to share ideas, learn new techniques, address key industry issues, and locate new products.

w w

Special educational tracks for retailers (Today’s Garden Center), growers and landscapers (Georgia Green Industry Association),

and SNA Day @ AmericasMart.

Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing

How Is Reclaimed Water Produced? During primary treatment at a wastewater treatment plant, inorganic and organic suspended solids are removed from plant influent by screening and settling. The decanted effluent from the primary treatment process is then subjected to secondary treatment, which involves biological decomposition of organic material and settling to further separate water from solids. If a wastewater treatment plant is not equipped to perform advanced treatment, water is disinfected and discharged to natural water bodies following secondary treatment. Advanced treatment or tertiary treatment consists of further removal of suspended and dissolved solids, including nutrients, and disinfection. Advanced treatment can include: • Nutrient (nitrogen and/or phosphorus) removal by biological or chemical methods. • Removal of organics and metals by carbon adsorption or chemical precipitation. • Further removal of suspended and dissolved solids by filtration, coagulation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and other techniques. • Removal of organic chemicals by oxidation with hydrogen peroxide or ozone. Water that has undergone advanced treatment is disinfected prior to being released or reused. Reclaimed water often requires greater treatment than effluent that is discharged to local streams or rivers, because users will typically have more direct contact with undiluted, reclaimed water than with undiluted effluent.

Why Reuse Water? The demand for fresh water can potentially exceed supply during times of even moderate drought. The potential for developing new sources of potable water is limited. Conservation measures such as irrigating with reclaimed water are one way to help ensure existing water supplies are utilized as efficiently as possible.


disease risks to acceptable levels, reclaimed water must meet certain disinfection standards by reducing the concentrations of constituents that may affect public health and/or limiting human contact with reclaimed water. The EPA (2004) recommends that water intended for reuse should: • Be treated to achieve biochemical oxygen demand and total suspended solids levels of less than 30 milligrams per liter (mg/l) during secondary or tertiary treatment. • Receive additional disinfection by means such as chlorination or other chemical disinfectants, UV radiation, ozonation, and membrane processing. Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is an indicator of the presence of reactive organic matter in water. Total suspended solids (TSS) are measures of the amount of organic and inorganic particulate matter in water. In Virginia, water reuse means direct beneficial reuse, indirect potable reuse, or a controlled use in accordance with the Water Reclamation and Reuse Regulation (9 VAC 25-740-10 et seq.; available at the Virginia Administrative Code website at reg/TOC09025.htm, chapter 740). The Virginia Water Reclamation and Reuse Regulations are designed to protect both water quality and public health while encouraging the use of reclaimed water. The primary determinants of how reclaimed water of varying quality can be used are based on treatment processes to which the water has been subjected and on quantitative chemical, physical, and biological standards. Further detail on the water reclamation process and reclaimed water quality standards can be found at

Reclaimed Water Quality Considerations for Irrigation Water quality must be considered when using reclaimed water for irrigation. The following properties are critical to plant and soil health and environmental quality.

Water Reuse Regulations

Salinity Levels

There are no federal regulations governing reclaimed water use, but the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA; 2004) has established guidelines to encourage states to develop their own regulations. The primary purpose of federal guidelines and state regulations is to protect human health and water quality. To reduce

Salinity, or salt concentration, is probably the most important consideration in determining whether water is suitable for reuse (EPA 2004). Water salinity is the sum of all elemental ions (e.g., sodium, calcium, chloride, boron, sulfate, nitrate) and is usually measured by determining the electrical conductivity (EC; units =

April / May / June 2013

Urban Nutrient Management Handbook

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Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing deciSiemens per meter [dS/m]) or total dissolved solids (TDS; units = mg/l) concentration of the water. Water with a TDS concentration of 640 mg/l will typically have an EC of approximately 1 dS/m. Most reclaimed water from urban areas is slightly saline (TDS ≤ 1,280 mg/l or EC ≤ 2 dS/m). High salt concentrations reduce water uptake in plants by lowering the osmotic potential of the soil. For example, residential use of water adds approximately 200 to 400 mg/l dissolved salts (Lazarova, Bouwer, and Bahri 2004a). Plants differ in their sensitivity to salt levels, so the salinity of the particular reclaimed water source should be measured so that appropriate crops and/or application rates can be selected. Most turfgrasses can tolerate water with 200 to 800 mg/l soluble salts, but salt levels above 2,000 mg/l may be toxic (Harivandi 2004). For further information on managing turfgrasses when irrigating with saline water, see Carrow and Duncan (1998). Many other crop and landscape plants are more sensitive to high soluble-salt levels than turfgrasses and should be managed accordingly. See Wu and Dodge (2005) for a list of landscape plants with their relative salt tolerance and Maas (1987) for information on salttolerant crops.

Concentration of Sodium, Chloride, and Boron Specific dissolved ions may also affect irrigation water quality. For example, irrigation water with a high concentration of sodium (Na) ions may cause dispersion of soil aggregates and sealing of soil pores. This is a particular problem in golf course irrigation (Sheikh 2004), because soil compaction is already a concern due to persistent foot and vehicular traffic. The sodium adsorption ratio (SAR), which measures the ratio of sodium to other ions, is used to evaluate the potential effect of irrigation water on soil structure. For more information on how to assess and interpret SAR levels, see Harivandi (1999). High levels of sodium can also be directly toxic to plants, both through root uptake and accumulation of plant leaves following sprinkler irrigation. The specific concentration of sodium that is considered to be toxic will vary by plant species and type of irrigation system. Turfgrasses are generally more tolerant of sodium than most ornamental plant species. Although boron (B) and chlorine (Cl) are necessary at low levels for plant growth, dissolved boron and chloride ions can cause toxicity problems at high 32

concentrations. Specific toxic concentrations will vary depending on plant species and type of irrigation method used. Levels of boron as low as 1 to 2 mg/l in irrigation water can cause leaf burn on ornamental plants, but turfgrasses can often tolerate levels as high as 10 mg/l (Harivandi 1999). Very salt-sensitive landscape plants such as crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia sp.), azalea (Rhododendron sp.), and Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense) may be damaged by overhead irrigation with reclaimed water containing chloride levels more than 100 mg/l, but most turfgrasses are relatively tolerant to chloride if they are mowed frequently (Harivandi 1999; Crook 2005).

Nutrient Levels Reclaimed water typically contains more nitrogen and phosphorus than drinking water. The amount of nitrogen and phosphorus provided by the reclaimed water can be calculated as the product of the estimated irrigation volume and the nitrogen and phosphorus concentration in the water. To prevent nitrogen and phosphorus leaching into groundwater, the Virginia Water Reclamation and Reuse Regulation requires that a nutrient management plan be written for bulk use of reclaimed water not treated to achieve biological nutrient removal (BNR), which the regulation defines as treatment which achieves an annual average of 8.0 mg/l total nitrogen and 1.0 mg/l total phosphorus. Water that has been subjected to BNR treatment processes contains such low concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus that the reclaimed water can be applied at rates sufficient to supply a crop’s water needs without risk of surface or groundwater contamination.

Other Plant Growth and Water Quality Concerns • High suspended solids (TSS) concentrations may clog irrigation systems and can fill pore spaces near the soil surface, resulting in reduced drainage. Acceptable TSS levels will vary depending on the type of suspended solids and type of irrigation system. Generally, TSS levels less than 50 to100 mg/l are safe for drip irrigation. • Free chlorine (Cl2) is necessary for disinfection, but can damage plants at high concentrations (> 5 mg/l). Storage for a short time reduces the residual freechlorine concentration in water. • High or low pH is an indicator of the presence of phytotoxic ions, and pH should be approximately 6.5 to 7.0, if possible.

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Urban Nutrient Management Handbook

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Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing • High bicarbonate (> 120 ml) and carbonate (15 mg/l) levels can clog sprinklers and cause white lime deposits on plant leaves; it may increase soil pH and decrease permeability. • Heavy metals can be a concern in wastewater that has high industrial input, but such metals (for example, cadmium, copper, molybdenum, nickel, and zinc) are typically strongly bound to the solid fraction, or biosolids portion, of the wastewater and are rarely found in high enough concentrations to pose a reclaimed water quality problem. (Harivandi 1999; Landschoot 2007; Lazarova et al. 2004a)

Application Rates Irrigation rates for reclaimed water are site- and cropspecific and will depend on the following factors (EPA 2004; Lazarova, Papadopoulous, and Bahari 2004b). 1. Seasonal irrigation demands must be determined. These can be predicted with: • An evapotranspiration estimate for the particular crop being grown. • Determination of the period of plant growth. • Average annual precipitation data. • Data for soil permeability and water-holding capacity. Methods for calculating such irrigation requirements can be found in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Engineering Handbook at (USDA 2003) and in Reed, Crites, and Middlebrooks (1995). Turfgrass irrigation rates in Virginia can also be calculated using the website http://www.turf.cses. These calculations are more complicated for landscape plantings than for agricultural crops or turf because landscape plantings consist of many different species with different requirements. 2. The properties of the specific reclaimed water to be used, as detailed in the section above, must be taken into account because these may limit the total amount of water that can be applied per season. 3. The availability of the reclaimed water should also be quantified, including: VNLA Newsletter

• The total amount available. • The time of year, when available. • Availability of water storage facilities for the nongrowing season. • Delivery rate and type.

Literature Cited Carrow, R. N., and R. R. Duncan. 1998. Salt-Affected Turfgrass Sites: Assessment and Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons. Crook, J. 2005. St. Petersburg, Florida, dual water system: A case study. In Water Conservation, Reuse, and Recycling. Proceedings of an Iranian-American Workshop. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2004. Guidelines for Water Reuse. EPA 645-R-04-108. Washington, D.C.: EPA. pubs/625r04108/625r04108.pdf. Harivandi, M. A. 1999. Interpreting Turfgrass Irrigation Water Test Results. Publication 8009. Oakland: University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. http://anrcatalog.ucdavis. edu/pdf/8009.pdf. Harivandi, M. A. 2004. Evaluating Recycled Waters for Golf Course Irrigation. U.S. Golf Association Green Section Record 42(6): 25-29. http://turf.lib. Landschoot, P. 2007. Irrigation Water Quality Guidelines for Turfgrass Sites. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cooperative Extension. State College: Penn State University. for_turfgrass_sites.cfm. Lazarova, V., H. Bouwer, and A. Bahri. 2004a. Water quality considerations. In Water Reuse for Irrigation: Agriculture, Landscapes, and Turf Grass, ed. V. Lazarova and A. Bahri, 31-60. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Lazarova, V., I. Papadopoulous, and A. Bahri. 2004b. Code of successful agronomic practices. In Water Reuse for Irrigation: Agriculture, Landscapes, and Turf Grass, ed. V. Lazarova and A. Bahri, 104-150. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.

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oil-Water Budgeets page 8


Chapter 11. Soil-Water Budgets and Irrigation Sources and Timing

Maas, E. V. 1987. Salt tolerance of plants. In Vol. 2 of CRC Handbook of Plant Science in Agriculture, ed. B. R. Christie, 57-75. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press. Reed, S. C., R. W. Crites, and E. J. Middlebrooks. 1995. Natural Systems for Waste Management and Treatment. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Sheikh, B. 2004. Code of practices for landscape and golf course irrigation. In Water Reuse for Irrigation: Agriculture, Landscapes, and Turf Grass, ed. V. Lazarova and A. Bahri, 152-161. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.

Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation. 1993. Nutrient Management Handbook. 2nd ed. Richmond: VDCR. Wu, L., and L. Dodge. 2005. Landscape Plant Salt Tolerance Guide for Recycled Water Irrigation. Slosson Research Endowment for Ornamental Horticulture, Department of Plant Sciences, University of California-Davis. filelibrary/5505/20091.pdf.

Comp plete the Q Quiz on page 35 and geet 1 CEU ur Virgin nia Certi-for you fied Horticullturist re--certificattion!

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2003. Irrigation water requirements. In National Engineering Handbook, 2-i-2-284. Part 623, Section 15, Chapter 2. Washington, D.C.: USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. ftp/CED/neh-15.htm.

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April / May / June 2013 22013 April//May/June Urban Nutrient Management Handbook

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V VNLA - Certificati C ion Qu uiz #64 If yoou are a Virg ginia Certified Horticulturist, answ wer the following quesstions from th he previous article, a marrk your answ wers on the ca ard insert to the left an nd mail or fax back to tthe VNLA offfice towardss your reecertification n CEU’s for your y Virrginia Certifiied Horticultturist.

5.. In the mid--Atlantic regioon, annual precipitatio on averages rrange from:

a. 5 - 20 2 inches b. 20 - 55 inches c. 30 - 75 inches d. 35 - 50 inches 6.. Higher interrception occurrs on thinly vegeetated surfacees.

a. Tru ue b. Fallse 7.. Precipitatio on interceptedd by plant leaves can be as much aas:

Soil--Water Bud dgets & Irrigation Sourcess and Timin ng Prepared by: Nanette R. Wh hitt

1. E Excess nutrien nts are also lo ost with w water runoff.

a. True b. False 2. Too understand nutrient n loss and a ddevelop strateegies to reduce nnutrient lossess to ground an nd surface waterr, one must haave a bbasic understaanding of:

a. Irrigatiion systems b. Hydrologic cycles c. Weath her patterns d. All of the above 3. W Which is not a componentt of the hhydrological cycle? c

a. Net leaaching to groundwater g b. Rain c. Transp piration d. None of o the abovee 4. Any contaminaates dissolved d in ssurface runofff can contribu ute to w water contam mination.

a. True b. False

VNLA Newsletter

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a. 10% % b. 25% % c. 30% % d. 40% % 8.. The sum off surface evapporation of moisture plus p removal oof soil moisture by b root uptakee is called:

a. b. c. d.

Traanspiration Ev vaporation Evapotranspiraation one of the abbove No

9.. Water run noff losses annd soluble nutrient loss is much lesss during:

a. Win nter b. Sprring c. Sum mmer d. Falll 10 0. Ground waater that evenntually discharges in to local str treams is termed:

a. Base flow b. Ru unoff flow c. Reccharge flow d. All of the abovee 11 1. In the sum mmer, plant traanspirational dem mands for wateer usually exceeds rainfall

a.Truee b. Falsse

April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13

12. A leadiing cause of pproblems with h establisshed landscappe plants and d turf is:

a. O Overhead waatering b. O Overwaterinng c. O Over fertilizzation d. A All of the abbove 13. Water sshould be applied to land dscape pplantings at thhe rate of:

a. 1 inch per w week b. 1.5 inches peer week c. 2 inches perr week d. 22.5 inches peer week 14. Water recovered from m domestic, municippal, and industrial wastew water treatmennt plants is called:

a. Reclaimed w water b. Recycled w water c. All of the abbove

15. The best time to watter is:

a. Afternoon b. Evening c. None of thee above 16. An impportant considderation when n using reecycled waterr for irrigation is tthe content leevel of:

a. b. c. d.

Nutrients Salinity Metals All of the abbove

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News - What Do We Like to Do Most in Our Yards? Relax, says a New U.S. Poll 81 percent of those with a yard/landscape say the upkeep of their yard/landscape is important to the look of their home HERNDON, Va., March 5, 2013 With spring 2013 around the corner, many Americans will finally be venturing out to enjoy their yards. And according to an online survey conducted by Harris Interactive in December 2012, those with a yard/landscape will be looking forward to three yard and landscape activities most of all: relaxing, planting, and spending time with family. The study, conducted among more than 2,800 U.S. adults (ages 18+) on behalf of PLANET, the national trade association of landscape profession-

als, finds that yard/landscape ownership is highly prevalent (88 percent) among Americans. In fact, 81 percent of those with a yard/landscape say the upkeep of their yard/landscape is important to the look of their home.

Why Take Care of That Yard/Landscape? When asked the chief reason for maintaining or improving their yard/landscape, yard/landscape owners are most likely to cite showing pride in their home (42 percent) as the primary motivator, although creating an outdoor relaxing space (16 percent) and raising or protecting their property value (15 percent) also win double-digit support. But, when it comes to what the yard or landscape is commonly used for, relaxing rises to the top (26 percent), followed by planting flowers/vegetables (17 percent) and spending time with family (14 percent).

Not surprisingly, those with children under 18 in the household are more likely to view the yard as a place where the whole family can interact, and where kids can play.

Hiring Professional Help Since taking care of a landscape often requires help, if yard/landscape owners were to look to landscape professionals for help, the most important factors they would look for would be price (69 percent) and quality of work (68 percent). Interestingly, men place more value on quality of work, whereas women cite price as particularly important. “Our members dedicate their lives to helping homeowners keep their yards and outdoor spaces healthy and inviting,” said PLANET CEO, Sabeena Hickman, CAE, CMP. “We’re glad to see that consumers are taking pride in their well-kept landscapes and find them important areas for relaxation and quality time with family.”

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For tthe full reportt visit, www w.loveyourlan or coontact .

About the Surv vey This survey wass conducted online withiin the United States by Harris Interactive on behalf b of PL LANET from m December 11-13, 1 2012, among 2,8933 adults agess 18 and oldeer. This onlinne survey is not n based on a probabilitty sample an nd therefore no n estimate of theoreticaal sampling errror can be caalculated.

Invite Frieends,” by K& Outdoor O Imprressions wonn both Best &D Round’s in n Show and the t People’s C Choice for Landscapee Services. K K&D Round’s th heir “Water Garden.” G Watter Garden also won a Gold Awarrd For Excellallso received a Platinum A Award For lence and w was named Beest Landscape Excellence. First F runner up was Design by the Virginiia Society of o Becker B Enterrprises for “Tropical Landscapee Designers. Sp plendor,” wh hich also nettted a Gold “Front annd Center,”” a Beach h Award A ESN-117 For Map Ex xcellence. Seecond 8/30/04 runAd/4.5x7.25 10:27 AM 1 n, won the Groundwo orksPage creatio neer up was “JJoy Begins W When You

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N News - 20 013 Virgin nia Fllower & Garden G Expo E Award Winners

(Virgginia Beach, VA) V - The org ganizers of thhe 2013 Virginia Flower & Garden Expo have released the award winnners from this years’ event.. VNLA Newsletter

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WH O C A R E S T H AT WE’RE PLANTED ON THE EASTERN SHORE? Maybe you should care. The Eastern Shore of Virginia is unique place – a narrow peninsula between the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay. Thanks to the Gulf Stream, we’re blessed with temperate growing conditions, refreshing shore breezes and plenty of sunshine year round. Which gives us the perfect environment Eastern for growing happy, healthy plants. Plus we’re in Shore the ideal location to get our plants to you ASAP. Nursery Of Call Eastern Shore Nursery of Virginia Virginia today to order plants that have the best start in life money can buy. Keller, Virginia • 1-800-323-3008 • April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13


American Horticultural Society Environmental Award. Front and Center also won a Silver Award For Excellence. “Sunsational Tropics” was awarded a Silver Award for Excellence for Dreamscape Designers.” Xteriors of Virginia Beach won a Silver Award For Excellence for “Walk on the Wild Side.” Seagreen Lawns, Inc, brought home the Bronze Award For Excellence for “Something OldSomething New.” The Virginia Flower & Garden Expo is produced by the Virginia Horticultural Foundation. This year’s presenting sponsor was Belgard Hardscapes. The Foundation would like to thank Lancaster Farms, Bennett’s Creek Nursery, and Whites Nursery & Garden Center for their generous support and beautiful plants. The Virginia Flower & Garden Expo is the first garden show on the East coast and has been referred to as “Little Philly” after the Philadelphia Flower Show. Local nurseries, landscape companies, designers, Extension offices, artists and educational groups along with local and national vendors provide a beautiful, inspiring and educational three day horticultural event at the end of January in Virginia Beach. The Expo, which is for the general public, usually precedes the Mid Atlantic Horticultural Short Course in Newport News; a green industry professional conference also produced by the Foundation.

The strong support for both events from VNLA members is greatly appreciated and helps the Foundation be more successful in its horticultural education, grant and scholarship efforts.

News - GIE+EXPO’s New Format a Resounding Success

got the crowd on their feet Wednesday night, followed by the Eli Young Band and the Trishas on Thursday night and Olivia Henken and Candy Coburn on Friday.

Total participation at the 2012 GIE+EXPO in Louisville was up 6% over 2011, Green Industry Conference participation was up 12% and the co-located Hardscape North America (HNA) drew a whopping 43% more registrants than the previous year. And, with 750 exhibits indoors and out, the show was considered a hit by exhibitors and attendees alike. Click here to read some of the comments.

Nissan Commercial Vehicles stepped up as the entertainment sponsor in 2012 and again in 2013, when Three Dog Night will perform free on Wednesday evening, Oct. 23 and Craig Morgan on Thursday night, Oct. 24 on the Nissan Commercial stage.

Highlights of 2012 On the first day of the show Wednesday, Oct. 24 - lawn & landscape pros attended classes offered by the Professional Grounds Management Society (PGMS) and Professional Landcare Network (PLANET) while dealers previewed products at the Ky. Exposition Center. On Thursday and Friday the show floor and 19-acre Outdoor Demo Area were open to everyone in the industry. The last day of the show was dubbed “Fabulous Friday” during which Roger Henry, a landscaper from Ruma, IL, won $2000 at a 2:00 p.m. drawing, and Mike Walker, an attendee at PLANET’s Green Industry Conference, won $3,000 at 3:00 p.m. Landscapers had the opportunity to upgrade their registration to attend live demonstrations and classes offered by HNA and will have the same opportunity this year. The New Products Showcase, which sold out early, featured 91 new products from 58 exhibiting companies. This is where many attendees start their GIE+EXPO visit. The chance to see products introduced since the previous year’s show is a great orientation before tackling the show floor. Chart-topping acts headlined free evening concerts at Louisville’s 4th Street Live! The iconic band Kansas

38 38

April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

Register Now for 2013 - October 24-25 It's time to mark your calendar and register for the 2013 GIE+EXPO. On Wednesday, October 23, PLANET, PGMS and the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) will be hosting educational sessions in hotels in downtown Louisville through the Green Industry Conference, School of Grounds Management and Hardscape North America while dealer and technician sessions will be at the Ky. Exposition Center. Info about education for lawn & landscape and hardscape pros will soon be available on the associations’ websites. The tradeshow’s indoor exhibits at the Ky. Exposition Center will be open on October 24-25, Thursday and Friday, 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. The Outdoor Demonstration Area will be open 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. on Thursday; 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on Friday. GIE+EXPO - the 9th largest tradeshow in America - is sponsored by the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute, the Professional Landcare Network and Professional Grounds Management Society. HNA is sponsored by the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute and endorsed by the Brick Industry Association and National Concrete Masonry Association. For information about GIE+EXPO 2013 and to register go to , , Facebook or call Sellers Expositions, (800) 558-8767 or (812) 949-9200.

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News - New SITES Certified Projects WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Sustainable Sites InitiativeTM (SITESTM) has announced four new projects that have achieved certification under the nation's most comprehensive rating system for the sustainable design, construction and maintenance of built landscapes. These projects, as part of a group of 150 projects participating in an extensive, two-year pilot program, have applied the SITES guidelines and met the requirements for certification. The newly certified projects include Theater Commons and Donnelly Gardens in Seattle; the Taylor Residence in Kennett Square, Pa.; the BWP EcoCampus in Burbank, Calif., and the Grand Valley State University Student Recreation Fields in Allendale, Mich. SITES is a partnership of the Ameri-

can Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA), the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center of The University of Texas at Austin and the United States Botanic Garden. SITES was created in 2005 to fill a critical need for guidelines and recognition of sustainable landscapes based on their planning, design, construction, and maintenance. The voluntary, national rating system and set of performance benchmarks applies to sites with or without buildings. "These projects include a park, a private home, an industrial plant and university playing fields," said Susan Rieff, executive director of the Wildflower Center. "They demonstrate how SITES guidelines can be used in different settings to produce landscapes that make a positive contribution to the environment." Since June 2010, pilot projects have been testing the 2009 rating system created by dozens of the country's leading sustainability experts, scien-

tists and design professionals. The diverse projects represent various types, sizes and locations as well as budgets. Fifteen pilot projects have achieved certification to date. The SITES 2009 rating system includes 15 prerequisites and 51 additional, flexible credits to choose from that add up to 250 points. The credits address areas such as soil restoration, use of recycled materials and land maintenance approaches. Certification levels include one through four stars which are awarded to projects that achieve 40, 50, 60 or 80 percent of the 250 points. "The pilot program has informed and helped us refine the next iteration of the SITES rating system which will be published in the fall of this year. Many additional projects are continuing to work toward certification while we proceed with our preparations for open enrollment this year." said ASLA Executive Vice President and CEO Nancy Somerville.

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The four newly certified prrojects each h incorporatte sustainab ble featu ures and prractices. 



T Theater Com mmons and DonnelD ly Gardens. One Star. Seattle, S W WA. Design ned by Gu ustafson G Guthrie Nicho ol, this projecct transfformed a 1.6 6 acre parking lot, sservice road, and isolated d lawn aarea into a weelcoming, greeen, peddestrian-focussed entry to Seattle C Center. Seatttle Center is a 74aacre urban parrk and culturaal camppus, and the site is locatted bettween the In ntiman Theattre and T tthe Seattle Repertory Theatre. S Storm water from the theater rroofs and non n-permeable site s surffaces is colleected and filttered in bbio-retention garden basin ns. Below the surfface, a continuous ggravel infiltraation bed co onnects tthe basins and d handles run noff, acccommodating the required d water vvolume while maximizin ng aestthetic variety at the surfacce. Perm meable unit pavers help p limit sstorm water ru unoff. T The Taylor Residence. Three S Stars. Kenneett Square, PA. P The ssteep slopes of o this formeer dairy ffarm created an opportun nity for nnovative i water w management artfully ttechniques throughout t ccrafted terraaced roomss and uunique garden n spaces. A drip irriggation septic system handlles senssitive wastew water disposall while ppreserving hillside wo oodland vvegetation, an nd green roo ofs abssorb rainwateer and reducce peak sstormwater su urge while regulatr ing building temperature. A resccue garden in ncorporates historic h m materials uneearthed durin ng consstruction such h as a porch railing tthat has beco ome a fence,, porch ttimbers used to construct a pottting shed and excavated sto one and ssoil to form planting bed ds. The ssite is intend ded to demo onstrate ssustainable laandscape desiign and m management techniques to o visit-

ing individ duals and grouups. 

BWP Eco oCampus. O One Star. Burbank, CA. Burbaank Water and Powerr transformedd an electrical subsstation into a regenerative green n campus, shhowcasing products and techniiques for stormwaterr treatment within a public rig ght-of-way, including permeable pavers, treee-pod biofilters, silv va cells and pplanted infiltration planter p bump outs. Other sustain nable featurees include three roofftop gardenss, a solar power arraay that hosts a rainwater catchment system, a canal that purifies sto orm water w with plants, LED lightting, a solarr powered fountain pump p and sallvaged and repurposed d concrete annd gravel. The projecct has also im mplemented five diffeerent water filtration technologiies, includingg infiltration, flow--through, deteention, tree root cells and a rainwaterr capture. Grand Va alley State U University Student Recreation R Fiields. Two Stars. Alllendale, MI. This athletic comp plex providees playing fields and d support faccilities for the univerrsity's intram mural, club and varsity y sports teamss and is an important part of the uuniversity's effort to reeduce storm w water runoff to prre-developmeent levels. Not only does d this com mplex contribute to the health and wellbeing of th he university community, it captu ures and filteers rainwater, contrib buting to beetter water quality and d less sedimeentation in the Grand River and Laake Michigan. The university u is m monitoring wetland quality q as p art of its permit requ uirements.

"T This new gro oup of certifieed projects reepresents thaat applicabiliity of the bu uilt landscapee being sustaainable and ad dding to eco osystem serviices," said Holly H Shimizu u, executive ddirector of th he U.S. Botan nic Garden. About A 80 of th he initial 150 projects in th he two-year pilot p program have indiApril / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

cated they will continuue to pursue certificationn. The feedbaack from these projects pluus additional work by stafff and techniccal advisors is influencing g the next S SITES ratingg system thaat will be avaiilable this falll. Major funnding for the Sustainable Sites Inittiative is provvided by the Meadows F Foundation annd Landscapee Structurees. For more iinformation abbout SITES, vvisit www Contact: T Terence Poltraack, American Society of Landscape A Architects, 202.216.77852, Saralee Tiede, Lady Biird Johnson wer Center, 5122-232-0104, Wildflow stiede@wildf , Laaura Condelucci U.S. Botaanic Garden, 2002-226-4145

News - Living G Green at th he First T Tee of H Hampton R Roads

The First T Tee is a nonprrofit organizaation that striives to teach yyoung children n the game off golf and life skills that willl carry them through life. On Saturday y, o April 20, chhildren also leearned how to “Live Greenn”, create susstainable enviironments, aand beautify a community y venue for alll to enjoy. As a volunnteer at The First Tee of o Hampton R Roads, I came out to assist in n the event. V Virginia Beacch golf course superintendent Matt Booyce (Princess ut Anne Counntry Club) tauught me abou planting treees and nativee plants. Mark k Ross, superrintendent at V Virginia Beach h National G Golf Club, expplained equip pment operaations, and hoow to use the equipment tto maintain thee beauty of the greens and ffairways on thhe course. VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

With my mother, a VCH, by my y side, I s of learned that the folllowing were some g added the bbeautiful new features being as paart of the courrse improvemeent program m: Magnolia grandiflora, g Clethra alnifo folia, Carpobrrotus edulis, Scabiosa, L Lobelia cardin nalis, and Lag gerstroemia indica. Nu umerous locaal golf dents also conttributed coursse superintend by heelping childreen of all ages in their endeaavor to learn more about science and nnature. This event e was spo onsored by T The Toro Com mpany and Audubon A Internnational. Whenn the commu unity comes together t to learn, educate or play togetther we makee a great grou up-some for creating c “Livee Green” com mmunities forr all to enjoyy, now and in the future! When W we educaate the youn ng to plant, we are striviing to providee a green futture for all. Co-W Written by James Ogletree, First F Tee Volunteer, Ocean n Lakes High School S udent), (Maath and Science Academy Stu Avidd Golfer and Audrey Hodges,, VCH, Virginia Beach, VA

Resea arch - Weeed Managem ment Ressearch Update U Can Coverr Crops be a Useful Tool in Container N Nursery Production? P ?

can occur in azaleas andd other woody y ornamentall plants w when certain n preemergennce herbicides are used d. The mulch system we aare evaluating g addresses control of troublesome weed speciies with limiited herbicide inputs. Thiis mulch proggram also may y reduce dailyy irrigation needs.

We W would likee to thank thhe Virginia Nurserymen’s N Horticulturall Research Fo oundation an nd the Virginnia Department m of Agriculture and Consumer Seervices for su upporting thiis research prroject. The project’s p focuus is to deveelop a sustaainable weedd management m system that decreasses annual heerbicide inputts and costs bby utilizing co over crops in n container nuursery produ uction. Certtain weed sppecies, inclluding comm mon groundseel, spotted sp purge, and eclipta, e are ddifficult to co ontrol, often persisting evven after a prreemergence herbicide ap application. Certain C sensitiive plants suuch as hydrrangea are in njured by maany of the av vailable herb bicides. Rooot stunting

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The mulch system The ‘grow-your-own’ mulch system involves seeding a cover crop into container-grown nursery plants. The cover crop is grown to a height of 3 inches, and then selectively killed. This mulch layer prevents germination of weed seed while conserving moisture in the pot. The studies we have established tested the suitability of 6 cover crops in 1 gallon containers of Hydrangea macrophylla ‘Pink Shria’, Coreopsis grandiflora ‘Early Sunrise’, and Coreopsis verticillata ‘Zagreb’. Cover crops included winter wheat, Austrian winter pea, annual ryegrass, cereal rye, sudex, and triticale. Cover crops were seeded at 200, 400, 800, 1,600, 3,200, and 6,400 pounds per acre. After the grass cover crops reached 3 inches tall, they were selectively controlled using sethoxydim (Segment, 1.5 pt/acre). Segment can be used to selectively control grasses in broadleaf crops as well as in non-grass monocots. Lontrel (2/3 pt/A) was applied to selectively kill the winter pea. Certain broadleaf crops tolerate Lontrel, but this herbicide could not be used in members of the aster family, such as 2300

mean  container weight, (g)

2100 1900 1700 1500 1300 1100 900 700 2 hr



4 hr

coreopsis. The ‘grow-your-own’ mulch system provided good weed control in greenhouse conditions for up to 5 months, and up to 3 months under outside conditions during the peak growing season.

control for 4 weeks after killing the cover crop. However, by 6 weeks after treatment, rapid deterioration of these cover crop at all seeding rates resulted in unacceptable weed growth.

Weed control

This experiment was also conducted under greenhouse conditions during late fall of 2011 through early spring of 2012. Good weed control was noted for all cover crops for up to 5 months after selectively killing mulch. Again, winter wheat and annual ryegrass treatments consistently had the least amount of weeds per pot than any other cover crop. Less cover crop deterioration occurred in the greenhouse than in outside trials perhaps due to more frequent irrigation in outside studies. This contributed to extended mulch life and weed control under greenhouse conditions.

Under outdoor conditions during the summer months of 2011 and 2012, winter wheat mulch at seeding rates greater the 400 lb/A consistently provided excellent control of spotted spurge, eclipta, southern crabgrass and common groundsel for 12 weeks after killing the cover crop. Annual ryegrass provided fair to good control of crabgrass and groundsel for 12 weeks after treatment at all seeding rates greater than 400 lb/A. As seeding rate increased, cover crop biomass also increased, which generally resulted in better weed control. Austrian winter pea, cereal rye, and triticale mulch displayed acceptable weed

Crop tolerance

Does cover crop selection and seeding rate effect container plant Figure 1. Mean container weight growth? We found that sudex, a soras an indication of soil moisture 4 ghum-sundangrass hybrid, provided weeks after killing the cover crop excellent weed control in the summer seeded at 3,200 lb/A in coreopsis months of 2011, but significantly re‘Zagreb’. duced coreopsis growth. This treatment was omitted in the 2012 study. Compared to the standard herbicide treatment without a pea cover crop, ryegrass winter wheat, c.rye Austrian winter pea, annutriticale al ryegrass, w. wheat cereal rye, and triticale no cover+herb mulch treatno cover no herb ments resulted in greater plant growth for coreopsis ‘Zagreb’ and 6 hr 8 hr 12 hr 24 hr ‘Early Sunrise’ at seed April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

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ing rrates greater than t 400 lb/A A at 12 and 16 weeks aftter killing thee cover crop.. However th his was not true t for ‘Pinkk Shira’ hydrrangea as theere was no difference in plant p growth due to coverr crop selecttion. Also, seeding s rates did not signiificantly affecct plant wth for coreop psis or hydran ngea. grow

News - VA Tecch's sycamo ore is stilll standing by way of itss clone

Tips - JJapanesee Nursery andd Garden n Centre Own ners lookk for new ideass

Irriggation Whyy is the ‘grow w-your-own mulch’ systeem promoting greater plant grow wth in coreopsis? Co ontainer evaporation is thee reason! Thee mulch systeem decreases pot evap poration over time. We measured co ontainer evaporation over a 24 hour period 4 weekks after killing the cover crops c in ‘Zagrreb’ coreopsis (Figure1). Two hourss after irrigaation, the mulched m contaainers actually y weighed mo ore due to waater droplets contained c witthin the mulcch. After 4 ho ours, pot evap poration starteed to take efffect, drasticaally reducinng pot weiight of thee nonmulcched treatmen nts. Winter wheat and ccereal rye co overs reduced d water loss by 40 and 85%, while th he nonmulcched treatmen nts were at th he wilting ppoint after 24 hours. This ‘grow-your-own’ mulch system can rreduce yearly y herbicide applicaa tions by potentiallly 25 to 30% % annually. We project this ‘grow w-yourown’’ mulch system could also reduce irrigaation usage by approxiimately 20%.. We plan to continue thiss line of reseaarch if we can c obtain fiinancial support for the pro oject. Jeffreey Derr and Lo ori Robertson, Virginia Tech, Jeffrey Derr, D a Professsor of h Virginia Tech h, is loWeeed Science with catted at the Ham mpton Roads Ag g. Researcch and Extensiion Center in Virginia V Beaach. Lori Rob bertson is a Ressearch Asssistant workin ng for Jeffrey Derr. D

44 44

BLACKSBURG G, Va., April 17, 2013 hanks to the efforts of tw wo forestry Th prrofessors, Virrginia Tech’ss sycamore treee will once again grace Henderson Laawn, which borders thee town of Blacksburg, th his time by w way of its prrogeny with th he same DNA . Th he 10-foot trree to be pllanted was ro ooted from a cutting c taken shortly befo ore the dying g historic treee was removed m for safetty reasons in tthe summer off 2010 “The cloning c and reeplanting of th he sycamore is a historic m milestone in so o many ways,” said Mayoor Rordam. “T The strong ro oots of this tree are a sy ymbol for thee strength andd perseveran nce of our community c aand a true deemonstration of o how the tow wn and the un niversity can grow g together..” Th he stately old d sycamore, w which dated to o around 1870 0, not only tieed the town off Blacksburg and Virginiaa Tech togeether but was a source oof personal co onnection for many. It serveed as a site to o meet, to sit and relax, and, on a nu umber of occasions, even to propose marriage. m Geneerations of aalumni and to ownspeople haave countlesss memories off the legacy trree that stoodd so promineently for well over a hundreed years.

April/ 22013 April //May/June May / June 2013

Flowering plant sales iin Japan have dropped byy 22.2% in the last five years. Theere are manyy reasons for this, one is the lack of m marketing, an nother is a reliance on thhe auction sysstem that hhas devaluedd plants and d made them m a commoditty and anotheer is the lack of displays tthat appeal to o the targetedd 35 year oldd female shop pper. n This coinccides with suuggestions in social meddia channels in the USA A that the 166,000 indepeendent garden n centres in the country could be reeduced to 8,000 busineesses in five years, a meessage that w was used as a take home point in the rrecent conferrence presenntations if Jaapanese retaillers did not change. The issues were expandded on in the presentationns by Jim Monroe of Horrt Couture annd John Stanlley from John n Stanley Asssociates whenn they were in n Japan in laate February to work with h the garden centre and nnursery indusstry. Although pplant sales havve declined in n the countryy the retail seector is full of o great ideas and John annd Jim visited d some of the best gardenn retailer s on n the planet dduring their oone week tou ur of the counntry. John also prresented two ppractical work kshops on m merchandising and displaying g kplants whilsst in the counttry. One work shop was foor Joyful Hondda, the leading g

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independent garden retailer in the country and a second workshop was held for a mixed group of growers and retailers. These proved to be that successful that John has already been invited back to develop more workshops for the industry in Japan The trip was organized by Hidemi Takamatsu and his team who are the main supplier of new plants and products to Japan. The week coincided with the Takamatsu School which is he every twelve months. Both guests gave a presentation to the 140 leading retail and grower delegates from the industry at the school on how to grow sales at an independent garden centre level. Japan is about five years behind the USA and Australia in the development of “box” store garden retailing and the main issues were what the independents can learn from overseas to ensure they protect the home market.

The key take home points are the same in Japan as in other countries 

Source unique plants that can differentiate the independent from the box store

Merchandise and display the plants in different way so that consumers can differentiate between the two offers

Retailers, suppliers and growers need to work as partners to grow the industry

People with passion will grow the industry.

The average sale per customer in a Japanese’s garden centre is Y3,500 and this figure has stayed the same for a number of years.

Although the industry is world leader in adding value to plant material. The price structure and retail practices in many businesses need addressing to grow sales. Many retailers are not using price points effectively and are offering the customer a basket rather than a trolley.

The way plants are put together in containers is inspiring and this is a lesson garden retailers can learn from around the world to increase sales. Easy to grow plants put together with flair to provide the ideas and solutions for the consumer. John will be organizing a tour to the best Japanese retailers in 2014 to coincide with the conference. This will be limited to 14 delegates and visit the best of the best. If you are interested in joining this select group then contact John at

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R Research - Baptisiia, Falsse Indigo A Reeal Trial

Baptissia ‘Nell’

False Indigo | Real R Evaluattion Mt. C Cuba Centerr's newest trrial is a largee comparatiive evaluatiion of the ggenus Baptissia which in ncludes 53 ccultivars and d selections representiing 14 differrent species. Baptisia were chossen becausee their imm mense horticcultural app peal is oftenn overlooked d by the g general g garddening publicc. Howeverr, once introoduced, it iss hard for anyone a not tto fall in lov ve with thesee beautiful natives. Taall flower spikes in sprinng; beautifull, glaucous foliage f in suummer; and d ornamentaal seed podss in the fall and a winter provide p a lonng season off interest rivaaled by few other perenn nials. On top p of all that, deer tend d to avoid them, whicch nearly guarantees g th hem a spot on any gard dener's short list. Bapttisia, as meembers of th he pea famiily, have thee added ben nefit of beingg able to crreate their own nitrogeen through a symbioticc relationsship betweeen their roo ots and soil bacteria. This T contribu utes to 46


th heir tough nature andd extreme lo ongevity. False F Indigo | Real Proggress Much M of thee recent suuccess attrributed to fallse indigo is the result off the breedin ng efforts oof Dr. Jim Ault A from th he Chicagoo Botanic Garden. G He, in conjuncction with th he Chicagolaand Grows® cooperativ ve, has work ked over thee past severral years to o introduce the Prairiieblues™ Seeries of Bapttisia, with seeveral new cultivars bbeing releeased in 2013 3. Another A prom minent seriess featured in n our trial is the Decadennce™ Seriies, bred by Hans H Hanseen of Walteers Gardens. This seriess is being naationally prromoted byy Proven ® Winners W . Tony T Avent,, of Plant Delights D Nurrsery, has aalso contrributed numerous new aand unreleeased cultivaars to our triaal. The T latest hybrids froom these brreeders are truly reinveenting the geenus Baptissia. Cultivvars have beeen bred fo or larger annd greater nu umbers of fllowers, longger lasting bllooms, and novel colorrs. Flowerrs are typicaally white, yyellow, or bllue. Howev ver, new breeeding effo orts have creeated bicoloor flowers ass well as blo ooms that chhange colorr as they ag ge. This collor transition provides a unique efffect rarely y seen in thee garden. S Some new seelections co ombine brigghtly colorred flowers with dark ggray stems which w add a sophisticateed look to an n already beautiful b nattive wildfllower. Otheer cultivars are being deeveloped for f urban gardens where w they can providee all the saame beauty but b in a mucch smaller sp pace. False F Indigo | Real Beneefits We W are workin ng hard to evvaluate thesee plants and many otherss with the go oal of increassing awarenesss and gardeening successs with native plants and April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

their hybridds. Our Visittors' Favorites program allso aims to iddentify which h characteristtics the aveerage garden n consumer ccares about m most. Visit the Trial Gardeen Research ssection of Mtt. Cuba Cennter's websitee, under the Horticultural Research ttab to see the Visitor's Faavorites resultts for 2012. Mt. Cuba Center is ccommitted to o broadeningg gardeners' uunderstanding g of plants naative to the eeastern United d States, withh an emphasiis on the Ap ppalachian Piedmont, annd how they y contribute to the quaality and en nhancement of gardens. IIn 2002, when n Mt. Cuba C Center officiaally became a non-profit organizattion, Mrss. Copeland's Cut Flower Garden, feaaturing rosess, peonies, buulbs, and otheer herbaceouss plants, wass transformed d into a trial garden. In 22011, the triaal garden waas expandedd to 15,000 0 square feet to accommoddate extensive sun and shaade trials of nnative plants. George C Coombs at 302--239-8839 or


Reesearch - N New Paathogen ccausing Rooot and Sttem Rot of Begoonia Pyythium helicooides Severe root and stem rrot of begonia (cv. Vodkaa Dark Red) was observed d during a field trial in thhe summer of 2011. Sym mptoms includded blackened d roots, rottiing stems annd collapsing g crown, ofteen leading too plant death h. These test plants were rreceived from m a local com mmercial nurssery where no o disease waas noticed. Isolation from m diseased pllants resultedd in a numbeer of Pythium m-like isolatees. These isolates produuced two sligghtly differen nt DNA fingeerprints, both distinct from m those of thee five Pythiuum species (P P. debaryanum m, P. interm medium, P. irrregulare, P P. splendens,, and P. ultiimum) know wn to attack begonias.

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pllete block dessign with threee containerr plants per trreatment in eaach of four bllocks. Equal amount of innoculum as measured m by colony-form ming units was w added to the t potting m mix in contaainers.

Figuure 1. Root and d crown rot of begonia b

To innvestigate wh hether one of o these two ssubgroups (P Py I, Py II) off Pythium ppopulations was w responsiible for the rooot and stem rot, a pathog genicity trial was performeed in 2012. Plugs P of the ssame cultivar were potted into 4inch new plasticc containers with a A 16 50:500 bark:Sungrro mix on April after confirming both b plugs an nd potting mix were free of the target Pythiium subgrou ups by platin ng and baitinng with Cam mellia leavees. The trial included tw wo treatmentts with each testing one subgroup s of Pythium P plus a noninocullated control.. Three treatm ments were arranged a in a com-

Pllants were ov verhead irriggated twice a day during this trial. T The plants were w rated weekly using a 0 to 5 sccale, where 0 = healthy, 1 = slight 2 = slight innfection, 3 wilt/infection, w = moderate in nfection, 4 = severe infeection, and 5 = dead plaant. At the teermination off the trial, pllants were reemoved from m containers and rated fo or root quality y, followed by isolation frrom the roots of all plants.. The same sy ymptoms deeveloped in all three treatments butt at differennt degrees. Sp pecifically, 33 3% of plants inoculated with w Py II werre dead and annother half deeveloped sev vere infectioon, which was w twice as severe as thhe disease sy ymptoms dev veloped on thhose inoculaated with Py y I and on the nonin noculated con ntrol plants. T The plants

from the Py II treatm ment had the poorest rooot quality (Figure 1). Only y Py II was recovered frrom the Py II I treatment plants and the contro ol plants, whiile Py I was recovered ex xclusively ffrom the Pyy I treatmen nt plants. Theese results im mply that both h subgroups of Pythium ccan attack beegonia with Py II being more aggresssive than P Py I in the sooilless culture systems. T The disease iin the contro ol plants was more than likely due to o cross contaamination froom the Py II I treatment. mine the idenntity of these To determ subgroups, DNA, the genetic materiial, was exttracted from cultures then n used as tem mplates to ampplify a speciffic region oof the genome. The ampliified produccts were sent to a commerrcial lab foor DNA seqquencing. The resulting D DNA sequencces were then n compared w with those deeposited in the GenBank database. Thhese analyses indicate thaat both subgrroups actually y have nearlyy identical DN NA sequences

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(>99%) which best b match that t of Pythiium helicoidees. P. helicoid des has been reported as a major patho ogen of miniaature roses, hibiscus, and d some otherr woody plantts but this is the t first case of the path hogen attack king an herbaaceous plant. It waas interesting that none of the t five Pythiium species previously p kn nown to attackk begonia was w recovered d from the isolations of diseased d plan nts during tthe 2011 and 2012 trials. Nevertheless, this study y identified a potentiallyy major patho ogen to bego onia, an increeasingly popu ular bedding g plant. As aalways, the beest strategy to t manage plant health h and avoid d catastropphic crop losses due to diseases d incluuding root and d stem rot of begonias iss prevention. The first linee of defensee is to preven nt the pathogeen from enterring the prod duction systeems by goodd sanitation prractices. To th his end, addittional research h to pin pointt where this ppathogen is harbored h at producp tion facilities is crucial. Is it i from plugss, potting mix xes, irrigation n water or dooes it enter th he production system throuugh other aven nues? Xiaao Yang, Patriccia Richardson n, Ping Kongg, Heather Olsson, and Chuan n Hong, Virginia Teech HRAREC chhong

Matt M Sawyer called the m meeting to orrder with th he followingg present: Matt M Shreckhiise, Sonya W Westervelt, Stteve Grigg, Cheryl C Lajoiee, Virginia Rockwell, R Chrristopher Broown, Tom Th hompson, Craig C Attkissson, Doug Hensel, H Mike Hildebrand, H B Bill Gouldin n and Jeff Miller. M (Abs ent Dawn Lerch, Mark Maslow, M Jim O Owen). Welcome, W intrros and hopees for the da ay - Christinee Kennedy ledd the board th hrough accom mplishments and accolaades for the past year, reviiewed what sttill needs wo ork, Infrastruccture planniing, committeee recruitmentt, structure an nd process, membership m rrecruitment an nd marketing and plans forr 2013. She will w write up a report of thee 2013 plan an nd return it to the board.

"Strategy geets you on thee playing field, f but execcution pays thhe bills." Gordon Eubanks Nothing is pa articularly haard if you diivide it into sm mall jobs.” H Henry Ford 2::30 pm - Trea asurers repoort - Sonya Westervelt W reeviewed the financial. “A As the incomiing treasurer there were no o specific jou urnal entries too review. I will w review ex xpenditures aand reports affter the first quarter. Jefff and I did diiscuss the current c finan cial statements m for my understandinng. Everyth hing appears in i order.” Seecretary’s Report R - It w was moved to o approve the January 8, 2 013 Board Meeting M Minu utes with thee wording cllarifications submitted bby Sonya Westervelt W an nd Virginia Rockwell, seeconded and passed. p

VN NLA - Strrategic Pllanning Retrreat & Bo oard Meetin ng Minuttes Febrruary 27, 20 013 - 10 am - 4:30 pm Depaartment of Forrestry and Natu ural Resources Board B Room 900 Naturall Resources Drr Charlottesvville, VA 22903

10:155 a.m. Call to t Order - Prresident 48


Membership M p - suggestionns: 

 

Send list of lapsed mem mbers to t contact aboout renewthe board to ing their membership m Automatic dues billing “Sales persson” for VNL LA membership, po ossibly VNLA A Allied members who w travel an d meet members members and a potential m More confference calls bbetween committees April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

3:15 p.m. V VGIC Prop posal updatee - Lorene B Blackwood, V VGIC Presi-dent, Caryy Gouldin, V VGIC VP and d Luke McC Call, MAC-IS SA. See attached prooposal for deeveloping a revised partnership of the VNLA and the VG GIC.

The VG GIC would fuunnel legislative priiorities from tthe other green inndustry groupps to the VNLA which wouldd then interactt with the Virginia Aggribusiness Counciil on these priiorities. The VGIC w would narrow w its focus from edducation to leegislative and regulatoory issues.  What vvalues does thhe VGIC bring g to the taable? - Steve Grigg o Stronger preesence in Richmond o People assetts through more voluntteers o VNLA expoosure o Influence onn other green industry grooups and legislators o Strength in nnumbers o A uniform vvoice o Strengtheninng ties with the Virginiaa Agribusinesss Council  This woould result inn long term returns There was ssignificant disccussion for and against their proposall and it was tabled to revview at the Junne VNLA Board Meetting. VNLA Com mmittee Repoorts 

Newsleetter - Jeff reported that he was woorking on somee estimates from thhird party publlishers to and will be forwarding innformation to the boarrd as it becom mes available. Legislaation - Virginiia Rockwell provideed a written repport which is attachedd to these minnutes. She asked thhat the board rreview and send heere any commeents or questions. VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

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Environmental Affairs - Tom Thompson reported that he had just found out that the LEED classes that the VNLA had been scheduling were not necessary since this information is included in Green industry projects have separate credentials. o He will be attending an Invasive Species Advisory Committee meeting on March 6th in Charlottesville. This will be the first meeting for this committee since last August. He does not have the agenda at this time but he will send out a report on the meeting within a week afterwards. Grower Guide - Virginia Rockwell reported on a meeting she had just attended for the “Buy Fresh Buy Local” program for Albemarle County. They are promoting 80% native plants in all new landscape plantings. In an informal poll at the meeting, approximately 60% of the attendees are aware and/or use the VNLA Guide to Virginia Growers and they would like to see a “native” designation in the Guide and where to find native plants. Certification - (written report attached) Public Relations - (written report attached)

Old Business 


New Business 



VAC Golf Tournament - It was the consensus that the VNLA would not participate in this event this year. MAC-ISA meeting in Fredericksburg, October 14-15 - possible VNLA booth exhibit per invitation by Joel Koci. To be determined by the Executive Committee.

PLANET Safety Posters - As part of the VNLA’s association membership in PLANET, there are safety posters available to VNLA members free with $5.00 shipping and handling fee per set (4 posters - 2 English, 2 Spanish) This info will be provided to members in the Newsletter and ENews. Woodrow Wilson Foundation Request - Matt Shreckhise presented a proposal of a supplies wish list that the WWRC needed to finish completing the setup of their greenhouse for their new training program. There was a discussion of having members donate materials or have regional groups contribute and the VNLA provide matching funds. No action was taken. Strategic Plan Presentation after reviewing the discussion, Sonya Westervelt agreed to review committee descriptions in view of the suggested committee re-alignment. o Committee members should not be board members and should serve as a pool for new board members. Board members need to solicit volunteers to work on committees and should consider the value of their expertise and professionalism. Previous committee volunteers will be compiled and sent to the board as an initial volunteer pool. o Bill Gouldin volunteered to work on the Legislative Committee o Craig Attkisson volunteered for the Publications Committee o Mike Hildebrand volunteered for the Membership Committee. o The goal of each commitApril / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

tee is to have a minimum of 3 members and a maximum of 5 members, including the chair.

Summer Board Meeting in Blacksburg, June 8, 2013

It was suggested that the board meet from 9 a.m. to 1 pm, and invite committee members to join the board for lunch and then the committees would meet from 2 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. 4:50 p.m. Adjourn - Being no other business the meeting was adjourned. 

Respectively submitted, Jeff Miller,Exec. Dir.

Executive Director’s Report for 2/27/13 Meetings Attended    

Mid-Atlantic Horticulture Short Course February 3-6 General Assembly gift basket distribution, February 7 Virginia Green Industry Council, February 7 Shenandoah Valley Greenhouse & Nursery Association Short Course February 20 Piedmont Landscape Association Short Course, February 21 Virginia Society of Landscape Designers Annual Meeting and Program, February 23 – distributed Newsletters, Grower’s Guides, Certification info, 50% off memberships – Many questions on certification and membership

Certification Test Registrations, test revisions, CEU reporting during January and February. We need to develop a more uniform policy/plan to work with the reNewsletter VNLAVNLA Newsletter

gional groups on somewhat standardizing the class schedule, teacher qualifications, etc. 2012 Financial Report - the net income looks high compared to the budget but the following budgeted line items were not used:

$5,000 Certification Manual and Review Online  $15,000 for Strategic Plan Initiatives  $2,500 for Legislative Conference which wasn’t held and was considered for reallocation to have VNLA members attend “fly-in” with the ANLA, but was not followed through on this. The $15,000 that was transferred to the Rainy Day Fund does not show up as an expense on the P&L, as it was just a transfer from the checking account to the SunTrust Rainy Day Investment Account.

shows $4,500, but we actually awarded $6,000. $1,500 was returned because the student did not attend the school and it was reallocated. This will be updated for the 2012 year end. Website 

The Shoosmith Scholarship Awards

The Re-Certification Application is now available online for submission and payment.

Website upgrades in the works: 

Continuing on upgrades this spring of items listed in the last report.

Consumer access to looking up members with Virginia Certified Horticulturist on staff. (currently is on the consumer website which has had some hosting software changes and this look up is not fully operational now. It also requires manual updates each time there is a change in member/VCH status changes.

Virginia Agribusiness Council invited to participate, again this year, at their National Policy Meeting on March 20 on a panel to share our industry’s top three national priority issues. They will also have Tamar Jacoby, President and CEO of Immigration Works USA who will discuss immigration reform and its potential impacts on our agribusiness industries. Membership - develop a color membership brochure with benefits and association info and then use the application as an insert as it changes in 2013. Develop clarifications for dues categories for Associate members, botanical gardens, and related for-profit enterprises. By Jeff Miller, Exec. Dir. VNLA for 2/27/13

Ad - Shreckhise Nurseries

Since 1936 Growers of Quality Trees & Shrubs, Conifers, Flowering Shrubs, Broad Leaf Evergreens, Shade & Flowering Trees, B&B Taxus & Thuja. Specializing in Container Grown Trees Located in the Heart of the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia

1903 Forest AVE | PO BOX 428 | Grottoes, VA 24441 540-249-5761 | 800-628-5871 | fax 540-249-5762

www. VNLA Newsletter

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Public Relations R s Com mmittee Field d Day and Summer S Tour The Field Day Committee C haas held two cconference caalls so far thiis year. We hhave made trremendous progress p towaard what look ks like it wiill be a fantaastic Field Day and Summer S Tourr. The ttheme for thiss years’ Field d Day will bbe 'Sustainab ble, Earth Frriendly Land dscapes’, som mething that is near and ddear to Brent and Becky’s business and personal hearts. The speaker s c witth line-uup has been confirmed Brennt Heath, Lloy yd Traven, and d Candy Trraven. The co ommittee is waiting w for a confirmation n from Paul Tukey T for our keynote sp peaker this year. We ndusare aalso working to include in try u updates from m several noteeworthy ffolks from Viirginia. All other o plannning tasks aree under way. The ssummer tour will feature a dinner and ppond tour at Elmington’s E Barn B -a locall home and gaarden known for hostiing fun, rusticc events. The dinner will bbe a seafood feast f of sorts to be deterrmined. On Frriday, attendeees will visit the home garrdens of Dean n and Cam Williams as well as Pameela Harpper. Attendeess will also enjoy lunchh and a behind the scenes hortih cultuure tour in Williamsburg.

Job,, Committeee and Award Descrip ptions

Whille it may not fall f under the public relatiions committeee, I worked with w Jeff tto consolidatee and update the t VNL LA job, comm mittee, and aw ward descrriptions. The board review wed the docuument and made commentss. They 1. were then given a comment perriod on the uupdates. No on ne commented further sso the updated descriptions are in effecct.



Certificcation Reeport VNLA V Board Meeting F Feb. 27th, 

Certificatiion FAQ’s - W With Sandy's heelp - We have written and/or reviised all the onn-line Certificatio on FAQ's for those either certiifying for the first time, or those wh ho need to re -certify. We were ab ble to addresss through that formatt, the confusioon over the sponso orship and payyment between reegionals and V VNLA. Certificatiion Legacy - I have contacted PLANET, P AN NLA, VSLD, & VAALSA V to ssee if we can set som me common pperimeters. Please let me m know if y ou belong to an assocciation that haas a legacy program. Test Diagrram - Steve G Grigg has offered to take t a look too see if we can updatee our landscappe test diagram an nd create a doocument we can em mail and make updates and changees to. I have currrently updatted Quiz 1 for the reeview classes (my students reeceived it lastt night) and am wo orking on com mbining the curricu ulum for 3 moore. We will get theem on line forr other review classses, and/or sstudy guides for test takers. ardener Man nual - I Master Ga have not been successfuul in meeting with Dave Closse but am still workin ng on it. I havve adjusted my m availabilityy and am willing to travel t to meett with him, but haave not been able to synchronizze our scheduules yet.

Doo you neeed an officiial seal foor your landdscape pllans? If yoou are a Viirginia Certiffied Horticculturist, order a Stamper ffrom the VNLA Office forr $67.90, includdes tax and sshipping

Respectfully Submitted, S Cherryl Lajoie

April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

V VNLA Leegislative & Public Affairs Af Rep eport

bo oth helps benefit both orgaanizations.

Boarrd member for f Legislativve, Regu ulatory and Public P Affairss, Virginiaa Rockwell, VSLD, V VCH H REC CAP 2012-2 2013 ACTIV VITIES S

What W ARE thee issues facingg the green in ndustry in Virrgiinia, and how w caan we ensure pu ublic policy taakes these into o acccount? We neeed to hear frrom our mem-beers, at any tim me off the year. Parrticcipate in our su urveys via em mail blast and d att Field Day, an nd email me at a viirginiaa@gentlegardeen or Jeff Miller M at info

Thannks for the opp portunity to reprer sent tthe green indu ustry in Virgiinia with our legislatorrs and those who w help us communiccate with them m. In addittion, I assist Tom T Thompso on, our Envirronmental Ch hair, with Reg gulatory maatters, backin ng him up on invai sive sspecies advisory/working group meettings conveneed by our Com mmonwealtth’s Ag and Natural N Resou urces deparrtments. VN NLA is also grreatly assistted by Jim Ow wen and Bill Gouldin, Board memberrs whose respective areass of expertise in nursery prroduction bbest managem ment practicess and cost oof hiring issu ues (labor rates, immigration, and heaalth care) help p our policcy outlook be science-based and economically soun nd. Ed Tankaard keeps an eye out on o regional water w supply issues. Wh hile the legisllative seasoon in Virginiaa is mercifully y short, the reegulatory env vironment and d federal ppolicy issues are perennial. This has tuurned out NO OT to be a ‘seasonal posittion’; bench depth d and team mwork reallyy help! VNL LA works with w Virginia Green Indusstry Councill (VGIC) on o importaant outreach and a policy acttivities. VNL LA and VGIC C are both reprresented onn policy matteers by Virginiia Agribussiness Council (VAC). Thank you tto Katie, Blair and Jenniferr for guidaance, patiencee, and swift reesponse and action on our behallf. A off ProI am also on the Association fessioonal Landscaape Designers (APL LD) National Advocacy Co ommittee, m monitoring regulations and d proposedd legislation that t could afffect the practtice of landscaape design in DC, MD aand VA. Theere is a ‘learniing curvee’ to this polittics stuff, so doing d 54


gift bbaskets to Geeneral Assem mbly aand Executivee Branch offiicials and staff. VN NLA membeer Greatt Big Greenhouse creativeely asssembled; 9 V VNLA Board d

BIG G PICTURE : We neeed YOUR Innput

One O of our goaals th his year is to do d a better job heelping our co ommunities, leegislators, reg gulaators and otheers like nongo overnmental organizations o s (NGO’s) un nderstand the size, scope aand contribu utions of our industry. To do this, we developed annd distributted this info card c to hundreeds of legisslators and staaff during the 2012 and 20 013 Virginia General Asseembly, to lo ocal governmeents and businnesses in Orange O County y, where the 22012 Field Day D & Tour was w based, andd at other ou utreach eventts. To order sever eral for your speeaking engagements or proposals, p pleaase contact

Outreach To Influen ncers & Decisio on Makers In n 2012-13 Legislative L 

January 2012, Januaary 2013 distributed hundredss of info card with h Virginia Grrown plant April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

M Members, Ceertified Hortiiculturalists and staff delivered d in 20012 and 2013: Thank you u to Dawn Lerrch, Sonya a Westtervelt, Ann Reid, Scotty y Guin nn Dilworth,, Matt Saw wyer, Matt Shreckhise and d Trevvor Buckley from Virgin nia an nd Jeff! Thaanks to Doug g Henssel of GBGH H for perenniial sup pport and sm miles! 

Januaary 2012, January 2013 Virgiinia Agribusiiness Counciil annuaal Legislativve Appreciaation B Banquet dinner

Januaary 2012 - G Guided by Virrginia Agribusineess Councill, repreesented VNLA A in a meetting w with Delegate Patrick Hope and local northhern Virginia goverrnment officiials regarding g a prooposed invasiive plants Billl (HB 396); no ffurther action n VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

taken in 2012-3. 

Regulatory - Tom Thompson, VNLA Board Environmental chair, handles many of these; I'm his backup - May, June, Aug 2012 Virginia DCR (Department of Conservation & Recreation) Invasive Species Advisory and Working Groups including Secretaries of Agriculture, Natural Resources VDACS (Virginia Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services) - noxious weeds proposed regulations (distinctly different from above, believe it or not)

Other State, Local, Watershed, Regional (Chesapeake Bay) 

May 2012 - VAC National Policy Meeting - - 3 VNLA board & staff - with representatives from all Ag, Forestry associations

 Dec 2012 - Piedmont EnvironMay 2012 - Orange County Target News (PEC) invasive Tourism Council briefing re: - Shorts mental Council now second most-shopp symposium VNLA Field Day Garden at Battlefield supply dealersplants management Target is now second only biologists Farms post record June gains- DCR, Smithsonian according to Retail Forw and key landowners/stewards ShopperScape report. On May 2012 The - represented VNLA latest report from the National Re Feb 2013 Alliance for Chesaall U.S. primary househo at Chesapeake Bay Watershed tail Federation shows building material visit a Target, Target Grea peake Bay Summit on BayImplementation Plan public and garden supply dealers posted perTarget store monthly. Friendly Landscape Practices: steady growth month, up 8.4% uncomment meeting, Rutherlast Glen also runoff found cleanthe retailer rac non-point adjusted from the previous June. How- source June 2012 - Rappahannock visitors. Two-thirds up on non-ag private lands (aka of Tar ever, seasonally adjusted comparisons River Basin Commission quarmonth base re urban/suburban turf &customer landfrom the previous month show a 1% terly meeting, Ingleside Plantastores on a regular basis BMP's) 150+ federal, redecline. This is in line with thescape overall tion Nursery & Vineyard apparel, decorative hom retail sales for June, which show strongstate, local governments gional, DCR, Chesapeake Bay Comsmall housewares and app year-over-year increases but flat DCR, Cities, soil & (including mission, DEQ, elected officials, toys generate the most int month-to-month gains. Sales rose 6.7% water conservation districts), soil & overwater district shoppers. Target and Wa last year, but increased only 0.2% waterkeeper non-governmental cally share customers, the r staff/directors make adjusted up thisover May. “After seasonally organizations (NGO’s), educaCommission. River consumers are monthsTopic: of speculation, Weekly Dirt, Carol M tors/research institutions (VT, Friendly Yards. beginning to pull back,” said NRF chief & Mary, VCE/HREC), cmiller@branchsmith William Wells. “Retailers and private sector landscape Oct 2012 economist - Culpeper Roasalind Soil & New England sum can expect the second half of industry the year representatives, in- sales slid Water Conservation District retail to show moderate gains duecluding to theVNLA Bay Friendly awards presented slowdown in the housing market and After a strong April, ga by elected other Virginia officials Ginter Botaneconomic factors.”  Feb 2013 - Lewis sales across new England ical Garden - CVNLA Winter November 2012 - VAC State due to a stretch of rainy w Symposium -Bob V Rockwell talkConn. Nur Policy Input meeting - 1VGIC, Heffernan, regarding stream friendly de2 VNLA board & staff scape Association Executiv sign opportunities to clean up Soggy condit

Ad - Willow Springs Tree Farms

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WinfallNurseries Nurseries AdAd– -Winfall

enoug Bosto run a the June. partic north


non-point source runoff on non-ag private lands (aka urban/suburban turf & landscape design systems & practices including nutrient management planning) Feb 2013 - Albemarle County Native Plant Marketing 'Summit' - 'Buy Native, Buy Local' native plants marketing initiative convened by local growers, government, PEC (Buy Fresh, Buy Local Piedmont).

ONGOING - through Exec Director and Board Virginia Tech Virginia Cooperative Extension VDACS - plant pathologists, other Outreach Opportunities Not Yet Tapped (Ideas?) VDACS Regulatory - licensing of Growers, Nursery Stock Dealers, Fertilizer Applicators and Pesticide Applicators/ Technicians each proceeds quite separately within same agency on different time tracks/renewal calendars; no ‘onestop shopping’ by those regulated. DCR/SOIL & WATER Nutrient Management Planning - Virginia Turfgrass Council gave a 'commercial' talk just before lunch one day in certification class - not a bad idea for VNLA to do. E-Virginia Purchasing (EVA)/SWAM (Small, woman and minority owned business)- An innovative part of VA state government that would be good for our members to know more about - there's even an app for that!

2012-13 General Assembly Issues/Legislation in Virginia What happened? More importantly, what DID NOT happen?

Based on Summaries from Virginia Agribusiness Council Capitol Report, 56


StateScape and ‘Lobbyistin-a-Box” bill tracking services, plus some ‘Editorial Comment’ from your Board member for Legislative.

Bills That Did Not Move Forward By End of 2013 Session: HB396: Invasive Plants Regulations, Patron Del. Hope. No action in 2013 after being continued from 2012; dead. HB1441: Certification of Nutrient Management Plan Writers -proposal to allow professions such as architects, engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects and interior designers to be certified to write nutrient management plans without examination or practical experience; dead. HB 2296 Virginia Urban Best Management Practices Cost-Share Program Fund; Patron Del. Bulova. Bill to require DCR to administer an urban (that is, non-agricultural lands or turf & landscape) best management practices cost-share program. The proposal was to provide matching funds of up to 50 percent to promote best management practices on private property in localities subject to MS4 Phase I or Phase II stormwater permits. To fund, proposed creating Virginia Urban Best Management Practices Cost-Share Fund as a subfund of the Virginia Water Quality Improvement Fund. Died in Appropriations for lack of funding, at the $440,000 proposed ‘seed money’ rate. Ag, Chesapeake and Natural Resources committee passed, however, so we could see this re-introduced in future years.

BILLS PASSED (among thousands, literally, more): HB2313 - Transportation Funding plan eliminates gasoline tax, but adds a tax back at wholesale level, increases statewide retail sales & use tax for all items from 5% to 5.3%, and phases in a rise in motor vehicle sales tax over several years. HB2190 - Stringency of stormwater management ordinances. Requires localities to report to the Department of Conservation and Recreation when a April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

more stringent stormwater management ordinance or stormwater requirements are developed by localities. Before adoption of such an ordinance, the Department is required to review the ordinance or requirement and all supporting material and determine where the requirements will prevent the degradation of water resources and address TMDL requirements. Localities are prohibited from limiting the use of best management practices approved by the Director of the Department of Conservation and Recreation or the Virginia Soil and Water Conservation Board, except under limited conditions. Anyone who has built a biofiltration practice or rain garden in Northern Virginia may have experienced the ‘requirement’ to use a different soil mix/recipe for each locality. Unfortunately these different requirements were ‘grandfathered’ in. Keep an eye on localities on this one; be sure to object if you are designing and building to the standards in the state DCR BMP Clearinghouse and localities reject the plans or work. HB1547 - Provides that the minimum tree canopy as require by localities during the development process shall be 10% for cemeteries. Important in that it ADDS cemeteries to the list of lands required to have tree canopies of 10% or greater. (Didn’t know we have Virginia law requiring tree canopy cover? Me neither.) HB 2209 & SB 1309 - Transfers authority for admin of the nutrient management certification program, and responsibility for regulations on nitrogen application rates, to the Virginia Soil & Water Conservation Board from DCR at a future date. HB 2048 & SB 1279 -Conference Committee resolved impasse by proposing to move some aspects of water quality programs to Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) from DCR: stormwater permitting, erosion & sediment control, and total maximum daily load (TMDL) activities. Agency oversight of Soil & Water Conservation Districts will continue to be reviewed through a series of public hearings over the next year. Newsletter VNLAVNLA Newsletter

News - MANTS Means Business Again in 2013

and much more to help create THE Mid-Atlantic Market Place for the green industry. MANTS covers over 300,000 square feet and is one of the largest industry shows in the country.

Baltimore, MD - MANTS 2013, held January 9-11, kicked off the Green Industry Trade Show season and our 43d consecutive year with hoards of buyers, shoppers, information gatherers and end users all coming together for one purpose … business.

MANTS is best known for having no distractions. “We have no classes, professional certification tests, speakers, demonstrations, or mimes or jugglers” says MANTS Executive Vice President, Vanessa Finney. “MANTS means business and by offering the opportunity to engage only in commerce, we believe that the show attracts the people that our exhibitors want and need to see.” “MANTS is about face-to-face contact, networking, meeting and greeting, and buying; In fact I believe that MANTS has more education than most shows, but the difference is that all of our education takes place on the show floor between the exhibitors and attendees. It is not uncommon to see many of the most in demand speakers and professionals at MANTS using the show for their own education, research, and

Green Industry Companies and Professionals from 46 states, 5 Canadian Provinces and 8 additional countries exhibited at or attended MANTS. There were 10,946 paid registrants (including exhibitors) for the show. The Mid-Atlantic, South Atlantic, and New England regions were the most heavily represented in Baltimore. 984 exhibiting companies - 108 of which were new to MANTS brought their best green goods, allied industry products, service displays,

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networking opportunities” says Finney. 2013 MANTS demographics show that regarding the job title of attendees, over 35% are Owners, over 25% are Managers and over 5% are Buyers. Regarding purchasing/buying power, MANTS attendees report that almost 49% are Final Decision Makers and close to 31% say that they Make Purchasing Recommendations. These and other show demographics are available on MANTS, known as the Masterpiece of Trade Shows, is sponsored by the State Nursery and Landscape Associations of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia. MANTS 2014 is scheduled for Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, January 8, 9 and 10th at the Baltimore Convention Center. For the latest information visit or call us at (410) 296-6959.

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P.O. Box 395 Seaboard, NC 27876 Phone: (252) 589-1324 Fax: (252) 589-1642 •

Suppliers of bulk aged pine bark fines.

Custom mixes available containing lime, sand and/or minors.

Fast, dependable service Memberships: North Carolina Association of Nurserymen Virginia Nursery & Landscape Association

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reetailers from across the Sooutheast to sh hare ideas, learn l new ttechniques, ad ddress key in ndustry issuees, and locaate new produ ucts.

Events - SNA New w Reegional Mark ketplacee

Atlan nta, Ga., - Th he Southern Nursery N Assoociation (SNA A) announced d plans for a new region nal marketplace during S SNA 2013, sccheduled for August 5 -7,2013, at Atlaanta's Georgiaa Internatioonal Convention Center (GICC). SNA A 2013 comb bines the SN NA Researcch Conferen nce, the So outhern Plantt Conference,, the SNA Sttate Officer''s Conferencee, the Annuaal SNA Businness Meeting g, and this new n regionaal marketplacce to deliver one o unparallleled event - all under onee roof. SNA A 2013 will bring togeth her the mostt forward thin nking industrry leaders, researchers, growers, maanufacturers, distributorrs, landscapeers and

Meister M Mediaa's Today's Gaarden Centeer is the offiicial media ssponsor of SN NA 2013 and d will producce an educaational track geared speccifically to reetail garden centers. Thee Georgia Green G Industry y Associatioon (GGIA) will w produce educational tracks for

"The earlier announceement of the August 20013 event haas received a very positivve response aand a numbeer of industryy members have already y committed to participatiion," said Kaaren Summeers, Executivve Vice Presiident of SNA A. "The suppport of Today's Garden Ceenter as a m media sponso or will providde the perfeect vehicle to o propel thiss highly-anticcipated even nt and promotte buyer partticipation. We are excitedd about launchhing this new w regional evvent to connecct the industry y here in the Southeast," she added.

Eveents - SNA A

Connecting the Industry Across the Southeast


SNA 2013 SNA 2013

Th he vision forr the new m marketplace sp pecifically addresses the neeeds of the in ndustry by crreating a regiional markeetplace in th he Southeastt and will feeature the beest plants annd related gaarden produccts. The prooduct mix will w include ornamental trees and sh hrubs, color, related landdscape and ou utdoor living g products, gaarden gifts an nd accessoriees, seasonal products, an nd more. The event is exxpected to brring together more than 3, 000 industry y profession nals and draw w the top grrowers and manufacturrers from accross the regio on.

both groweers and landsscapers. Otheer components of educatioon will be the SNA Reseaarch Conferennce, spotlightting the lateest horticulturral research on n hundreds of topics in thhirteen categories, and thhe Southern Plant Conferrence, offerring a unique opportunity y for both groowers and rettailers to learn n from other industry proffessionals and d discover neew productioon techniques and the hotttest new plannts coming to o market soonn.

August 5-7 2013 Atlanta Georgia Georgia International Convention Center combines a New Regional Marketplace with the SNA Research Conference, the

Southern Plant Conference, the SNA Annual Business Meeting, and SNA State Officer’s Conference to bring one unparalleled event – all under one roof!

Featuring the best plants and related garden products from top growers and manufacturers from across the region

Product mix will include ornamental trees and shrubs, color, related landscape and outdoor living products, garden gifts and accessories, seasonal products, and more

Brings together

the industry’s most forward thinking leaders, researchers, growers, manufacturers, distributors, landscapers, and retailers from across the Southeast to share ideas, learn new techniques, address key industry issues, and locate new products.

Special educational tracks for retailers (Today’s Garden Center), growers and landscapers (Georgia Green Industry Association),

and SNA Day @ AmericasMart.

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The GICC, conveniently located adjacent to Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport and minutes from downtown Atlanta, is Georgia's newest and second largest convention center featuring more than 400,000 SF of meeting space - all on one level. The ATL SkyTrain, a free light rail train linking the GICC to the airport and rental car center, coupled with excellent transportation connections from across the U.S., and a wide array of affordable nearby hotels (including two new Marriott properties on the GICC campus) and restaurants offers participants added convenience. Founded in 1899, the Southern Nursery Association is a non-profit trade association representing the horticultural industry in the southeastern U.S. SNA provides member services to wholesale growers, brokers, retailers, landscape contractors, landscape architects, grounds maintenance contractors, interiorscapers and allied

suppliers. The SNA strives to unite and advance the horticulture industry through educational, research and marketing efforts. More details of SNA 2013 will be released in the weeks to come. For further information, contact the Southern Nursery Association, Inc, Acworth, GA 30101, 678.809.9992,, or visit the SNA Website at

Tips - It Makes Sense to Sell the Senses Although arriving a bit late this year, the summer season continues to bring the attention of most homeowners to the out-of-doors where all the senses seem to come alive. Methodically-timed colorful blooms are popping up all around, reminding us of nature’s magical presence; folks in the neighborhood are barbecuing all week long as the aroma of sizzling steaks and burgers conjures up our own culinary cravings as taste buds

long to savor the flavors that coincide with the season; and the laughter and music of pool parties fill the weekend air while a backyard waterfall intoxicates the mind with its hypnotic rhythms. Billows of smoke from open air kitchens and crackling fire pits rise above the rooftops as if to signal the rite of human passage from indoor to outdoor living. The backyard landscape has made remarkable transitions over the last decade especially, as homeowners are constantly reminded of a plethora of things now available that are produced and marketed to excite the senses. As you present your services and creative concepts, landscape designers would do well to also be reminded to “sell the senses”… and not to miss a single opportunity. When planning an outdoor kitchen, present the many options from a versatile, built-in, multi-functional grilling station with high BTU burners and a slow-cooking, aromatic, motorized

Ad - Johnston County Nursery Marketing

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rotissserie to a pizza oven th hat can bake tomato piess, fresh breaads and vegettables and oth her menu item ms with the aauthentic flavo ors stemming g from a woodd-burning ov ven. Tell th he customeer how a fire pit p can be mo ore than just a gathering spot because today’s modeels have canttilevering griills that take users from roasting marrshmallows and hotdogss on a stick at fireside gatherings to o actually searing a sirloiin steak and cooking lob bster to perfeection.

Pointt out that po ortable, bamb boo tiki bars have been replaced r with h wellequippped, stationaary refreshment bar units with loads of o standard features f such as granite tops, bar caddies, c sinkss, refrigerators and moree. Go abovve and beyon nd your expertise in paverr and wall installation; i demond stratee your know wledge of peergolas, pavillions, outdoo or fireplaces,, water featuures and oth her patio am menities. Accoording to Chaarles H. Gamaarekian, Chairrman/CEO off Cambridge Inc. — manuufacturer of Cambridge PavingP stonees with Armo orTec®, Cam mbridge Walllstones and a comprehensiive line of ooutdoor living g products — althouggh today’s homeowners possess p sophisticated tasstes and liimitless onlinne accessibilitty to productt informatioon, they stilll rely on theeir contractoor’s know-how to assurre that everyy option for a multipurposse patio desiggn is presented to them. “T Talking to thhe contractor should be lik ke consultinng with an ex xpert in the fieeld,” he notess. “The more m the con ntractor know ws, and the leess that the contracc tor overlooks, com mbined with broader b the ccompany’s reesources, the greater the cchances to up p-sell the customer, earn invaluable ho omeowner tru ust, and 60


ulltimately, closse the deal.” It’s up to you to explain hoow modern haardscape maaterials, many ny in prepaackaged kit fo orm, have maade satisfyin ng homeowneer wish lists for these ou utdoor conv veniences eaasier and more m affordab ble than everr. Inform yo our customer as to how thee materials reequire little or o no up-keeep leaving more m time for seasonal fun and relaxattion. “Aligniing your com mpany with qu uality brands from hardsc ape manufaacturers such h as Cambriddge,” suggeests Gamarek kian, “is alsso recommended.” m Thee homeownerr will recog gnize a brand d with a good reputation an nd exposure in the maarketplace; yo our job is to advocate thhe one that offfers a wide range of pro ducts with beest continuity y in color and style. Th his can only help you, thee designer, acchieve a homo ogenous plann. Express your confidence c inn achieving deesired resultss for the hoomeownercu ustomer, eveen exceeding their expeectations. This T is wherre product kn nowledge kiccks in. Forr example, th he Cambridgee 2011 line upp comprisess a myriad off field-provenn products in n ready-to-insstall kits all w without the neeed for cuttiing. The lisst includes ou utdoor kitchens and barr modules co omplete with h stainless stteel applian nce packages and plenty m more wanted d features. Th hese outdoorr lifestyle prooducts are alll color-coord dinated with C Cambridge Paavingstones with ArmorT Tec® and Cambridge C Wallstones W andd are well su uited for various pattern aand texture deesigns. Do your homeworrk by visitin ng hardscape dealers and ffully functio onal manufa facturer webbsites like A beneficial way w to shore uup customerr expectation ns about yourr expertise in n patio design n that incorpoorates popullar outdoor living l produccts can be acccomplished by entering yyour Cambrridge projectss in the comp any’s photo o contest for contractors. You can win w a prize, receive soome welldeeserved reco ognition and wind up April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

with poweerful sales reinforcemen nt derived froom recognitioon by one of o the industryy’s leading m manufacturerss. For contestt rules, an enntry form and d prize details, go to o www.cambbridgepavers.ccom/photocon n test There is a longstandinng marketing g and advertiising guidelinne that is ap ppropriate foor landscape designers and d contractors: “Sell the ssizzle, not the steak.” Charles H H. Gamarekiann, Chairman / CEO, Cambbridge Pavers Inc., P.O. Box 157, Lyndhurst, NJJ 07071 Ph 201.9333.5000 / Fx 2001.933.5532,

Tips - 12 Mon nths of Christmaas. A Rettail Oppoortunity

Christmas is the busiesst time of the year for m many retailerss, therefore if i we could develop a year round d Christmas of sales thee retailer and d consumer sshould be happpy. Imagine iff Christmas was a yeaar round evennt. The stockk turn in you ur business w would increasee dramatically y and in theoory you wouuld be able to o provide bettter value to the consumeer VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

and have a healthier bottom line. Plus, build the customer loyalty that is often missing in the retail marketplace of today.

ry month. Wine and book clubs have done this for many years, but it may be the time to relook at this as a retail opportunity.

The food industry has an even better opportunity as they can promote season food baskets each month and very the range with the season.

This is achievable, the fashion retailer Zara, which is the favourite fashion retailer of many consumers around the world, has achieved a Christmas thinking process in the fashion industry. They have taken a low stock turn retail industry and turned it around by providing the consumer with something new on a regular basis and hence changed the stock turn in their business compared to traditional thinkers.

My Little Box originated in the USA and has now spread to Europe. This is where the consumer is presented with a present every month via monthly subscription. Truffaut, the French Garden Centre chain is experimenting with a food gift box of local product. The challenge is what you can provide as the monthly Christmas present.

Have Monthly Presentation Boxes

Is this achievable in other retail sectors? I recently chaired a conference session in Paris, France where Pascale Brousse, Trend Sourcing mentioned the concept of creating Christmas every month.

Collectables Monthly presents can take many formats. The most common is to select a range of collectibles where the consumer can start their own collection. This locks the consumer in and is ideal for certain ranges of products.

Fashion lines are another

Monthly opportunity where the consumer feels that they are staying in the latest fashion if they purchase monthly. When looking at Ad - John Stanley Associates monthly purchases the price point is critically important. It needs to be affordable within   the monthly  budget for your   target consumer.

Taking the concept of Zara by developing a present for the customer eve-

                    

VNLA Newsletter

VNLA Newsletter

In the garden industry over the last twelve months we have seen miniature gardens become a theme where the consumer can purchase a miniature piece of garden equipment each month to develop new miniature garden landscapes April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

Part of the secret of success is adding value via presentation. The consumer needs a presentation box to make the purchase feel special. Customers should look forward to their presentation box and part of the pleasure is receiving a present that has to be unwrapped, just like at Christmas. The present can be an out of store experience or consumers can be encouraged to come into the store to collect. Either way the key is to ensure that your brand is “Top of Mind” in the consumers mind. John Stanley is a Conference Speaker and Consultant. In 2012 he was awarded the WA Small Business exporter of the Year. He works in 35 countries and is one of the world sort after retail and small business presenters. His new conference presentation looks at the new consumer and how that affects your business. Follow John on Facebook John-Stanley Associates or contact him at

Tips - Five Places Where Spending More Pays Off It’s generally a good idea to keep overhead costs low so that your business profits will be higher. This is especially true with items that are easily commoditized and fairly standardized, such as utilities and rent. But there are times when increasing expenses pays off nicely, and here are five areas to consider so you can reap the rewards.

Training Whether it’s for you or your staff, good training can pay back for years to come. Learning new skills, no matter what our crafts are, will keep our businesses from becoming stagnant. 6161

Implementing what we learn will help us grow. You might get training to increase the mastery of your chosen profession. You might also want to consider general business skills, including technology, marketing, finance, and leadership. Just about everyone can benefit from learning more about project management, communications, and negotiations, to name a few more. You might also want to consider “human performance” skills such as public speaking. Whatever you choose, training is always a great investment that pays back big dividends.

Tools Without the right tools, the same task can take double the time. It’s a great idea to provide your employees with the most powerful computers and software on the market. The cost of labor outweighs the costs of the computers, so it makes sense to load employees up with the best tools you can. An employee with a slow computer, through no fault of their own, is not giving you their best, and that will cost money in lost productivity. The same thing goes for owners. You can spend your time fighting with a machine or getting a ton of work done. I’m pretty sure the latter is more profitable.

Accounting The most successful companies we work with invest in accounting services in five areas: accounting technology, accurate bookkeeping, thorough reporting, tax minimization, and professional consulting. When we see business owners cutting corners in any of these areas, it usually costs them more money in the long run to clean up the problems that result. An up-to-date version of QuickBooks minimizes maintenance and troubleshooting costs. Making sure the bookkeeping and reconciliations are done properly is essential for compli62


ance reporting and decision-making. A robust set of reports allows a business owner to make smart decisions about running their business, and minimizing taxes helps you keep more of what you make. Since accountants see thousands of financial reports in their careers, they have developed an eye for opportunities that a business owner may not see. Bringing an outside perspective into your business is a good investment that can help you discover great opportunities in your business.

Marketing Whatever you do in your business, you are helping others. You are sharing a skill you have that your clients either don’t have or don’t choose to do for themselves. Being a best-kept secret doesn’t help you share your gifts and talents. Marketing can help you get the word out to people who need your services but might not know about you. Identifying your best customers, products and services, having a marketing plan and developing great marketing material will help you communicate what you do as well as receive fair compensation for what you do. It almost always makes sense to invest in this area of your business.

Employee Perks and Benefits Keeping employees passionate about your vision and motivated to be productive is a continuing task. One way to do that is to provide employee benefits and perks that make it attractive for employees to work for you. You might be surprised to know what some would appreciate. There are many ways to invest in your employees. Good health insurance, personal time off, extra vacation time, education reimbursement, flex time, and working from home are just a few of the many options you can choose from to enhance employees’ working environments. April / May / June 2013 April/May/June 2013

Measuring the Payoff Your accountant can help you measure return on investments in many of these areas. If it involves QuickBooks we can help in a variety of ways obtain a version of QuickBooks that suits your needs, Customize settings and features to fit your business better, train staff to use it correctly and effectively, streamline your QuickBooks workflow, set up custom reports and more - just ask!

Tips - Is 2013 The Year You Finally Go Mobile With Financial Data? Using QuickBooks Mobile, you’ll improve business relations, put out fires before they start and unchain yourself from your office computer. There are only a few reasons why you wouldn’t be using QuickBooks Mobile on your smartphone. Maybe you don’t have a smartphone. Or when you’re out of the office, you don’t want to do any QuickBooks. Or you might not think that it has enough features to make it worth using. While the first two reasons are matters of personal preference, the third just isn’t true. QuickBooks Mobile automatically - and almost instantly synchronizes the data from your desktop or laptop computer copy of QuickBooks. While it’s only focused on sales, not payables or payroll, you can manage receivables quite nicely whether you’re in a customer’s office or at a trade show or community event - or sitting on the couch at home.

Newsletter VNLAVNLA Newsletter

Countless C Sccenarios Th here are num merous situatiions where yo ou might wan nt to access, aadd or edit cu ustomers, esttimates, invoiices, sales reeceipts or pay yments when you’re not neear the PC where w QuickBoooks is insttalled, like these:

Figurre 1: You can see s this screen no matter w where you and your smartpho one are (the recently-upgra aded Android version v is pictu ured here)

You do a half day of oonsite work c wants tto pay you and your client cash right then t to qualify fy for a discount. You u can record thhe payment and email a sales receipt .

You’re on the t road and yyou want to see how well w your boookkeeper is managing receivables. r Q QuickBooks Mobile disp plays three vieews: recent activity, tod day and upcom ming.

You’re with a client w who would like to givee you a check to get current, but he h or she cann’t find the invoice. Rather R than caalling your office and d sitting on hold until someone has time to loook, you can pull up the form on your smartphonee to discuss it..

Figure 2: Y You can recordd sales receipts and paymennts on your smaartphone - even n schedule app ppointments thaat move to yourr Google calenddar.

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April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 20 13


6363 Founded over a century ago, Sherman Nursery continues to offer the finest selection of

There may be a monthly fee f for QuickBooks Mob bile - dependss on the QuickBooks produ uct you use.

Papeer or Plasticc? If yoou’ve been in n business fo or very long and still don’t d accept credit cardss, maybe it’s time to reco onsider. Custoomers often spend s more and a pay fasterr when they can use theirr credit cardss. And if you u accept credit cards, perhaaps you can forget f about hearing h that “the check is in the maail”! A mercchant accountt allows you u to accept credit card payments through t QuickBooks itselff, your web brrowser, your web storefrront - and on o your smarrtphone or iPad.Mobile.. With Intuitt’s free GoPaayment app. you y can either swipe cardss on the free mobile readeer or type num mbers in. Yo our customeers sign theirr names on the surface of your mob bile device, and a you can pprint or email a receipt. Whille many busin nesses sell merchant serviices, only Intu uit’s truly inttegrates

o you don’t have doublle-entry or so daata entry isssues. As a P ProAdvisor an nd Premier Reseller, R we’ re able to geet our clients special dealss with Intuit’s merchant services. Wee can also heelp you get it i setup and show you ho ow to use it iff you need.

She helps buusinesses save time and mon-ey so they caan run their buusiness profita-bly! Sign upp for her free e--newsletter and d get her 5 Keeys to Increasinng Your Profit-ability Ussing QuickBookks at"" Muir & Assocciates; 8405 Stonehouse Road, Frederiick, MD 21702;; (301) 696-1303;;

Tips - N New Smaartphone App Figure F 3: You’’ll need to get aacquainted with w the Intuit Merchant M Servvice Center to work with credit card paayments.

We W think you u’ll find that once you sttart using all of the mobille payment seervices that Intuit offeers, you’ll wonder w what to ook you so loong.

Dr. Jeremyy Greene, at C Clemson Uniiversity hass developed a smartphone app to hellp with calibbrating, boom m sprayers. Y You can findd more inforrmation aboout the app at the following g Clemson U University webbpage: http://www u/extension/mo o bile-aapps/index.httml ****

Maybe M this iss the year thhat you go mobile m with yo our QuickBoooks! "Monica " Mitchell Muir helps businesses make m dollars an nd sense with Q QuickBooks.

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Lean on us for some of your business demands - we know we can work harder for you. This is why we’ve implemented the Partners Program and Business Solutions, and the Px3 Maintenance Package. Px3 helps you with the planning process by providing customized bids for each project. We can accurately estimate the square footage of any property. Customers who join our Partners Program earn points on every John Deere Landscapes purchase and redeem those points at an online store, for various industry events, or for cash on account. Program members are also eligible for our Business Solutions, which can help reduce your day-to-day business expenses. Please contact your local branch to learn more about these opportunities. We are eager to help you with as many of your business challenges as possible!



April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013


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Tick Removal

Tick Identification Ixodes scapularis (deer tick, blacklegged tick)

Found: Northeast, Upper Midwest Transmits: Lyme, babesiosis, anaplasmosis, Powassan encephalitis, tick paralysis, tularemia, Bartonella Magnified

Do not burn or use any substance on tick. Do not grasp, squeeze or twist the body of tick. Grasp tick close to skin with tweezers. Pull tick straight out. Use antiseptic on skin afterward. Disinfect hands thoroughly.



e Di sea




Always see a physician for possible diagnosis, testing and treatment, especially if tick parts remain after removal.


n TM

Research, Education, Prevention, & Patient support

Nymph Adult Male Adult Female




Amblyomma americanum (lone star tick)

Found: Eastern U.S. Transmits: human monocytic ehrlichiosis, STARI, tularemia, tick paralysis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever Magnified

Tick photos courtesy of James L. Occi, MA, MS and Robert S. Lane, PhD

• • • • • •

Actual size

Nymph Adult Male

Actual size

Adult Female




Dermacentor variabilis (dog tick)

Found: All U.S. Transmits: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, tularemia, human monocytic ehrlichiosis Magnified

Adult Male

Actual size

Adult Female




Ixodes pacificus (blacklegged tick)

Found: Far West Transmits: Lyme, babesiosis, anaplasmosis,

Lyme Disease Association, Inc. Bartonella P.O. Box 1438 Magnified Jackson, NJ 08527 (888) 366-6611 (732) 938-7215 fax LDA Tick Card 8/7/09 9:20

Actual size

PM Adult Female Page 2Larvae

Larvae Nymph Adult Male



Major Tick-Borne Diseases Lyme Signs & Symptoms EM (bull’s eye) rash at bite site (less than 50%), other types of rashes, rash at other than bite site, flu-like illness. Musculoskeletal: joint/muscle pain in feet, swelling in toes, balls of feet, ankle pain, burning in feet, shin splints, joint pain or swelling, stiffness of the joints, neck or back, muscle pain or cramps that may migrate, neck creaks and cracks, neck stiffness, TMJ. Reproductive: testicular pain / pelvic pain, menstrual irregularity, milk production (lactation), sexual dysfunction or loss of libido. Cardiac/Pulmonary: chest pain or rib soreness, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, pulse skips, heart block, heart murmur or valve prolapse. Neurological: twitching of the face, eyelids or other muscles, headache, tingling, numbness, burning or stabbing sensations, facial paralysis (Bell’s palsy), dizziness, poor balance, increased motion sickness, light-headedness, wooziness, difficulty walking, tremor, confusion, difficulty in thinking or with concentration or reading, forgetfulness, poor short term memory, disorientation (getting lost, going to wrong place), difficulty with speech, double or blurry vision, eye pain, blindness, increased floaters, increased sensitivity to light or sound, buzzing or ringing in ears, ear pain, deafness, seizure activity, white matter lesions, low blood pressure. Neuropsychiatric: mood swings, violent outbursts, irritability, depression, disturbed sleep (too much, too little, early awakening), personality changes, obsessive/compulsive disorder, paranoia, panic/anxiety attacks, hallucinations. Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting, difficulty eating, change in bowel function (constipation, diarrhea), gastritis, abdominal cramping, irritable bladder or bladder dysfunction, cystitis. Other: fever, sweats, or chills, weight change (loss or gain), fatigue, tiredness, hair loss, swollen glands, sore throat, difficulty swallowing, swelling around the eyes.

Other Tick-Borne Diseases

One tick bite can give you many different diseases at the same time (co-infections). Treatments vary, examples provided as information only. Babesiosis - Protozoan, babesia microti, WA-1, MO-1; sometimes fatal in elderly or those without spleen. Symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle pain, sweats & anemia.

Bartonella-illness - Bartonella henselae or other spp., can be transmitted by cat bite/scratch or tick bite when atypical presentations may result including visual problems, headaches, enlarged lymph nodes, resistant neurological deficits, new onset of a seizure disorder. Diagnosis by acute and convalescent antibody titers (IFA) Support for this project has been provided by and by PCR (DNA) analysis. Rotary International Ehrlichiosis - Human monocytic ehrlichiosis caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis (symptoms below). Anaplasmosis - caused by Anaplasma phagacytophilum. Symptoms of both ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis include fever, malaise, headaches, chills, severe muscle aches, vomiting, anemia, lung infection, decreased white blood cells and platelets, elevated liver enzymes, seizures, encephalopathy, meningitis, confusion, ataxia, and cranial nerve palsy. Death can result. STARI (southern tick-associated rash illness) - A Lyme-like disease transmitted by lone star tick, may get rash, other early Lyme symptoms, no test available. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever - Caused by the bacterium Rickettsia rickettsii. Symptoms include headaches, myalgia, and a characteristic rash usually beginning on wrists, ankles, palms, soles. Tularemia - Caused by a bacterium, Francisella tularensis, Symptoms include headache, chilliness, vomiting, aching pains, fever. Infection site develops into an ulcer, swollen glands, sweating, weight loss, debility. Powassan Encephalitis - Caused by a flavi virus, Powassan (POW). May possibly be transmitted by Ixodes scapularis. Symptoms usually begin suddenly 7-14 days following infection, and include headache, fever, nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, and sleepiness. Later, breathing distress, tremors, confusion, seizures, coma, paralysis, and sometimes death can occur.

Upcomi Up ing Eveents June 8, 2013, VIRG GINIA TECH HAHN HORTICUL LTURE GAR RDEN GALA at Viirginia Tech http://www.h g/ (540) 231-59 970 vtgarden@ June 8, 2013, VNLA A SUMMER BOARD ME EETING Blacksburg, VA org 800-476-0 0055 info@vnla.o

August A 15-16, 2013, 2 VIRGIN NIA CHRIST TMAS TREE GROWERS AN NNUAL CONF FERENCE Holiday Inn, I Blacksburrg, "Experien nce a Real Treee" 540-382--7310

EEN INDUSTR RY July 118, 2013, GRE PROFESSIO ONA FIELD DAY & TRADE SHOW S American Un niversity - 7:30 0 am 2:30 pm 703 3-250-1368 greeenisdc@ www.greenin

August A 15-16, 2013, 2 VIRGIN NIA CHRIST TMAS TREE GROWERS AN NNUAL CONF FERENCE Holiday Inn, Blacksbuurg, VA nce a Real Treee" secreExperien 540-382--7310

July 331- August 2, 2013, 2 PANTS Trade Show Phiiladelphia, PA http://www.p

Seeptember 13-15, 2013, NATIIVE NNUAL PLANT SOCIETY AN NG www.vnp MEETIN

Auguust 5-7, 2013, SNA S TRADE SHOW S & CONFER RENCE Reseaarch Conference, Southern Plan nt Connferference, Statte Officer's Con ence, SNA Annual A Meeting g Atlanta's Georgia Internatio onal Convention Center (GICC)) g 678-809-999 92 mail@sna.orrg

Seeptember 20, 2013, 2 WAYNE ESBORO PLANT HEALTH CA ARE FOR N TREES WOR RKSHOP URBAN Best Wesstern Inn & Coonference Center, Waynesboro W ,V VA parksand 540-942--6735

Auguust 8-9, 2013 VNLA V ANNUA AL FIELD DAY Y & SUMMER R TOUR hosteed by Brent & Becky's Bulbs, Glouccester, VA www.vnla.orrg 800-476-00 055 FieldDay@v Auguust 8-9, 2013, NCLA N SUMM MER GREEN RO OAD SHOW Wilmington n Convention Center, C Wilmington,, NC www.ncnla.ccom , 919-816-9119 Auguust 10-11, 2013 3, NATIONAL L CHRISTMA AS TREE ASS SOCIATION Pree-Season Clinic Arlington, VA V dnn/2013clin nic/Home.aspx x

November 14-16, 2013, TC CI EXPO E INDUSTRY Y 2013 TREE CARE OCIATION C Charlotte, NC ASSO www November , 2013, VIRGIN NIA AGRINCIL STATE BUSIINESS COUN AFFA AIRS POLICY & ANNUAL M MEETING LU UNCHEON http:/// January 8-100, 2014, MANTS Baltim more Conventiion Center 800-4431-0066 www

For a Current Caalendar of all Grreen Industry Events, go: http://virgginiagreen.orgg/events.htm

October 8-11, 20 013, IPPS - EA ASTERN REGION N ANNUAL C CONFERENCE, Chicago Marriiott, Napervillle, IL 631-7655-9638, ippser@g www.ipp October 24-25, 2013, 2 PLANE ET GIEEXPO y Exposition C Center Kentucky 800-558--8786 November N 2-6, 2013, 2 INTERN NATIONAL PLA ANT PROPAG GATORS’ SOCIET TY Southern R Region, NA 38th Ann nual Conferencce Athens, GA 3-4284 (803)743 November N 4-8, 2013, 2 IRRIGA ATION SHOW AND A EDUCA ATIONAL CONFER RENCE Austtin, TX www.irriigationshow.orrg info@irriigationshow.orrg

Sup pport V VNLA Member Grrowers!

Onlline at For a pprint copy, coontact the VNLA Office at 1-8000-476-0055 info@vnla.orrg



April / May / June 2013 April/ /May/June 22013

VNLA Newsletter VNLA A Newsletter

Discover Diversity… Encore® Azalea


Southern Living Roses

Timely Deliveries Natives



PENDER NURSERY, INC. Locally-owned


Since 1945

PO Box 155 n Garner, NC 27529 8:00–4:30 Monday–Friday 919-772-7255 n Fax 919-773-0904

Prsrt. Std U.S. Postage PAID Blacksburg, VA Permit No. 107

Your Roots Are In Virginia!

383 Coal Hollow Rd. Christiansburg, VA 24073-6721

Keep growing. One day you may outgrow your current operation. Farm Credit will be there to help you expand. Whether you need to purchase real estate, build new houses, buy more equipment or need a revolving line of credit for plant stock, we have the financing you need. Every business has growing pains. Give us a call and we’ll be sure your financing isn’t one of those.

800-919-FARM Lending support to rural America™

Phone: 434-842-8733 Fax: 434-842-3823 email: Bremo Bluff, VA

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