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Digital Design - Module 01 Semester 1, 2018 Hoi Yu Lo

(869341) Samuel Lalo - Studio 11


Week One

Reading: Zeara Polo, A. 2010. Between Ideas and Matters.

According to Zeara-Polo, the diagram does not play a representational role in the design process but provides an organisational and can have a performative quality depending on how it is deployed. Explain how Diagram is different from Signs and Symbols? (100 words Maximum)

An icon is a sign which expresses the functions and the properties of the object but it cannot show the binding relationship between its form and its content. For example, kitchen. A kitchen icon represents the functions and the properties of the kitchen but the icon cannot show how it is related to other space and content of other spaces. A symbol is a sign which refers to its dynamic object through a formal representation. In the sign, the relationship between form and content is immaterial. However, diagram do not play a representational role for their dynamic object and mediate between physical constructs and concepts on an organisational level.

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Week One

Precedent Analysis

BASIC INFORMATION NAME: Radix ARCHITECT FIRM: Aires Mateus ARCHITECTS: Francisco Aires Mateus & Manuel Aires Mateus LOCATION: Venice, Italy DATE: 2012 EVENT: 13th International Architecture Exhibition SIZE: 8m x 8m x 4m

Fig. 1. Nico Saieh, Aires Mateus-Radix, 2012.

Fig. 2. Nico Saieh, Aires Mateus-Radix, 2012.

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Week One

Precedent Analysis “Conceptually, the structure combines historical awareness and sensitivity with modern technology: Radix suggest an approach that promotes continuity instead of seeking novelty. It suggest that researching and proposing are acts of cultural recombination, which allow dialogue and reflection to meet. In the field of architecture, memory identifies shapes, spaces, materials, scents, touch, light, and sounds.�

SHAPES

SPACES

- Basic complexity of geometries - Pseudo rectangular block - Dome-shaped internal structure - The arches are inspired by the historial arches of the nearby structures - The arches are supported by three points with the main arch overhanging the docks

- Three circulation spaces - Dome-shaped structure limits the space inside the pavilion - Space near the arches provide isolated areas which feel safe and private - Different height of the arches with different degrees of intimacy

LIGHT / SOUNDS

MATERIAL / SCENTS / TOUCH

- Radix is located at the river side - Sunlight is reflected onto the gold finishes inside the pavilion by the water which creates a shinny effect (create a contrast with the external steel panels)

- Radix is a steel structure with gold internal finishes - It is a contempory response to the architectural setting - Relation with local cultural experience - Differnt textures and feelings compared to the brick structures near the pavilion - Feel heavy outside (box) but feel light inside (center sharp point)

- An echo is created with the space inside the pavilion

Fig. 3 Fernando at Sergio Guerra, Radix, 2012 4


Week One

Precedent Analysis REFERENCE

PROCESS IN RHINO

Plan and Section

1. Make a simple 8m x 8m x4m cube

2. Make three spheres based on corresponding radis

Floor plan, top view and unwrapped elevation

3. Locate spheres based on their center points

4. Using command “booleandifference� to trim away the unwanted volumes

I used the reference provided in the LMS to construct the the pavilion in Rhino which the data allows me to construct an accurate model. I started with making a simple cube and three different spheres. Then I set the center points of each spheres and trim the unwanted volumes off. I also added the detail of the internal surfaces which will take in detail in appendix.

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Week Two

Reading: Hertzberger H. 2005. The in-between and The Habitable Space Between Things, from Lessons for Students in Architecture. Herzberger discuss how design should not be extreme in its functionality. Use your precedent study to explain how the pavilion allows for an appropriation of use. (100 words Maximum)

Extreme functionality in a design makes it rigid and inflexible, which leave the designed object little freedom to interpret its function. The reading provides a lot of examples to show that a simple design might give users more freedom to use the designed objects. For example, a simple designed column can act as “informal sitting area.� The simple design of the Radix also support the statement. The steps next to the pavilion give freedom to users. Instead of putting bench in purpose of sitting, steps can provide more functions to users which include sitting, gathering and so on.

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Week Two

Isometric

Radix isometric view (NE) This is a North-East isometric view of the Radix. I chose this view since this view show the space, context and the construction of Radix. I chose to turn down the opacity of the colour to show that it is hallow inside, which suggest that the “void� desing of the pavilion. The thin lines of the ribs on the panels of the inner pavilion also shown to indicate the internal design. The ribs lead down to the sharp point in the middle of the pavilion which give a sense of balance. This isometric view also show the steps and canal in relation to the pavilion. The presence of the canal affects the circulation paths and space. Most of the peope will gather near the canal since they can sit on the steps and enjoy the scenery. Radix is an open structure where attracts people from any directions. The thresholds of the pavilion provide both public and private spaces. Feeling changes from heavy to light and have different spatial experiences when move from one space to another space via arch. Areas near the arches are more isolated and the degree of intimacy is related to the height of the arches.

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agram 1:100

Week Two

Circulation & Threshold Diagrams

Structure

Structure

External Structure

Circulation Space

Circulation Space

Degree of Intimacy

Degree of Intimacy

People Density

Circulation Paths

Interial dome-shaped Structure

People Density

Section Cut & Circulation Paths

Section Cut & Circulation Paths

Canal

External Structure

Base Structure

Interial dome-shaped Structure

Base Structure

Canal

C

Canal

Circulation Paths

Circulation Diagram Circulation Diagram 1:100

Threshold Diagram

The section cut of the pavilion clearly show the circulation paths and the circultion spaces inside the pavilion. There are mainly two entrances and there is no circulation path near the canal. More people at the canel side and less people density near the arches. 8

Thresholds Diagram (Permeability) 1:100

Thresholds Diagram (Permeability) 1:100

People outside feel heavy since the pavilion looks blocky and rigid. When people walk in, they feel light since the sharp center point give a sence of balance. The steps can act like a threshold from private space to a open space. The transition between two dome-shaped surfaces also chage the spatial connection.


Appendix

Modelling Process BASE MODELLING PROCESS

Fig. 4. Malcolm Clark, Radix: Aires Mateus’ common Ground at the Biennale of Architecture, 2012.

1. Make a 8000mm x 8000mm x 600mm box.

2. According to Fig. 5, make three steps. By using a line to trim and extrude surface.

3. Extend the bottom line and “plannarsrf” to make a surface as the canel.

4. Make some lines in the top view as the hatching of the canal.

5. Put the lines on to the surface and trim away unwanted lines by the boundaries.

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Appendix

Modelling Process INTERNAL PANELS MODELLING

Fig. 5 . Roland Halbe, Aires Mateus Radix, 2012 This photo clearly show the panels and ribs of the Radix. The dome-shaped surface is not a smooth surface but a surface made by panels

3. Use “project” to project lines to the surface. Now the lines are stick to the surface.

1. Make a line and use “polar array” to array lines with same angle.

2. Drag a surface out from the model and put the center point of the surface on top of the lines. Make sure the center point is perpendicular to the center point of the lines.

4. Use “dupedge” to duplicate the edge of the surface then “loft” two lines. A surface i formed.

5. Extude the curve of the bottom edge and trim away the unwanted surface.

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Appendix

Modelling Process

6. One panel is then formed.

7. By doing one by one, first surface is done. It shows the rubs are running from the point at the top.

9. Third surface. This surface is different from the other two surfaces which it to spend more time to loft and trim. It shows that the ribs are spreading from the bottom

10. This is the bottom view of the Radix. It shows all the interial ribs and panels of the Radix.

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8. Second surface. It shows the ribs are running from the center at the top.


Appendix

Modelling Process EXPORT TO ILLUSTRATOR

1. Set the view as NE isometric and use “make2d� to export the lines to illustrator. This is the isometric view.

2. This is the threshold diagram.

4. Adjust the lineweight of the lines. Section cut line in a thinker lineweight while hidden line in dashed lines.

5. Using live painting to colour.

3. This is the circulation diagram.


REFERENCE IMAGE SOURCE

Fig.1 &2 Nico Saieh, Aires Mateus-Radix, 2012. https://www.archdaily.com/267567/venice-biennale-2012-radix-aires-mateus Fig. 3 Fernando at Sergio Guerra, Radix, 2012 https://www.cmaville.org/archives/confÊrences/aires-mateus/ Fig. 4 Malcolm Clark, Radix: Aires Mateus’ common Ground at the Biennale of Architecture, 2012. http://www.archilovers.com/stories/1346/radix-aires-mateus-common-ground-at-the-biennale-of-architecture.html Fig. 5 Roland Halbe, Aires Maetus Radix, 2012 https://divisare.com/projects/209321-aires-mateus-roland-halbe-radix

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Digital Design_M1 Journal_Aires Mateus Radix  
Digital Design_M1 Journal_Aires Mateus Radix  
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