Issuu on Google+

9:;<=>

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@?<78AB

!"#$%&'()*+,-./01234567869$:;<:;4567$ =>& ?@ABCD4E6FGHIJKL MANOPQRST'UVWXY Z23[\U?]^_`a bcZ da b/D]^eDfbghi/C$jk lAmnopqrUsW$tuRn &'vwxy- /0123 &'()*+,- Az {;|}~•?€•‚A€ƒG„c23?@$ 4E6F/C…A†‡nˆ 2‰‰s3_ !Š\D]^Š/g‹Œ…$ •Ž••U[34567‘6~A’“no” …•…D3G$–—–—4567‘6~Am˜™?š$"›U4567 ‘6~G?DŠ/œ$•XJžŸ?@Rn

¡U¢£3Š/cZ$jkl

G¤Ah¥s¦2§¨/D\©ªg«W§C…D3_¬-R˜$®¯°G ±G3$²³G´µ¶·¸Gs3$?@/D]^¹ºGVWXYZ2$» ƒ¹ºUn¼½C…D3_

CDEFG0HI !daa` # `a ¾$¿ÀÁR%elA4E6Fg”3ÃÄ6<Å.G„Æ ˆ2^_Š2˜$ÇÈÉ•GÊËAžŸR4567869gC…D3Š/ UÌC…$ %¶?D. $ %\3ˆD. $ %ÍÎ]ÏD°^ÐA^–WŸU?] …D3. $ %ÑÒgÓÔˆÕ3./D]^¹ºg@A[\UÖר3cg ”3nA—]^_4567869?@AØÙlGÚD^Û$ÜÝ?CU %Þß./˜D”?Dà©ns3_ŠAÃÄ6<Ř% áâDnAU˜Ããä R˜åN—$æç?R”[\./D]^Š/cZ„ƈ2^_ŠA ÃÄ6<ÅRèéˆ2^Š2ZA¹º˜žêëUžG]…ìW$ »ƒ¹º U?]…•…D3_ %4567869?@U[3Á•cZAíî. ï'¬ðÁ•A®¯Uñòg•^¨ ï'4567869Góô¨3$?@A¶·õö÷GøiC…¢£?D$–

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

2


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

^˜®¯R•?Dù ï' úû$ü;ý?@Gþ‰ŒZ2 3$ÿ˜!ˆ23 ï'"#G\3ˆD ï'ÑÒA$%G&“‰ ï''(U?3/)*+g,”3 ! õ-.U/Û…D3$01GÔ2…

J<*+,-K,LMNOGPQRSTUV <<W'XQYZ[\

D3$2ù !Š2UÌC…$ÃÄ6<ÅR§ˆ2^Á3A45˜$ %678•R„$ UrŒ9:¨3./D\nA—]^_–;<’g‰š3ËU=ZG>]… D3àŸR$@\¨21?ŠR>23[\UR•3c$/D\@„AgB ¨3Š/U?]^_ à©A@„A ï'CëUÃD;4gEW$FŽGHAn/„$¨3 ï'I6I/JK6õFŽgL3$ÑÒgÓZcˆ?D$MNOg!ˆ? D$2ùg’è¨3 õ %¿ÀÃÄ6<Å.PQ[Wù

!ŠA[\?»ƒ¹ºGRŠ]…D3/ŠSn™?š˜?D_CcC$B CD4E6FATU/C…$VW•UX’UVWYZ[\]ns3_Š2 ˜$4E6FATU/NU$ÇÈ^¸_œ`a<’U[3'bcdAef /D]^ghcZn4567‘6~AX’UVWYçRD3_ n/n/Š 2ZAjkGi–2^QN{jR˜$°kAlD4E6FRsW$jk° m˜noA[\U?]…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

3


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

*ƒ,„… ‰Š‹ŒŠ•`Ž••‘ŒŠ’ “l”“l•*+,–—l˜ Ž••‘•™š•›œŒŠ’ *+,-•K,•—l˜ žŸ `žŒ¡¢¡‹ŒŠ’ žŸ £¤¥

†‡~ˆ §y{utv{zzz~ y{uzy{zzz~ ¦{y¦z{zzz~

Žš¨›¡•©`Žªš›‘ŒŠ’`«ššœ`Ÿ•Š¨¬•¡‘¨›•-`a--š¡Œ•‘ŒšŠ

!pqrs/C…ftu€A4567‘6~/C…$ %vwwx'vyzx.A rsg{|¨3_

]^^_`]ab_ !}t~;•Iü€Q•Au‚-Us34567‘6~ƒ]„…Å %vwwx'vyzx.˜†A‡ˆš‰%C…D3_`a Š~ã6I‹Xs3ž €?ŒÇg•¨3<’R¨G$Ž˜••U‘’ˆ23^Û$“•˜”U• –A `— ˜ŽU'hC…D3_ c`defg ï'%™šŽA›œ;•õažù ./?]…D3_ ï'Ÿ•6

;A'bm˜¡ ¢£aaa °

ï'Q-¤Ÿ° ¥¦§ 9Iõž¨Q©æù !!!!'¦ª£a§a « ¬ °õŸ9I- `®a «R¯°ù ï'à±$`§£aaa °G²³:´P;µõfЩ¶ù/?]…D3 ·'¸#p–R¹¡Gº–]…D3»°Rs3

]^^_`]ab_ 0hi:j,klm?n opq0rs tuv Lwmx yz{zzz |q} y{zzz ~• n€z{zzz{zzz |`•`‚

õ¼a½€¾Å!Ã}7¿IJ& 4E6FJÃ{6~<:Ò;µ r•„¼ÀÁÂÒK6PQ[Wù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

4


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

!QN{jR˜NOPQGN…œ64E6F/C…VWXYZ2…D3Š /R$¬ðAÃÄnrXC$XÅArsA[\UÆ…Ç4/C…È“C… D3_ à©AšÉR˜–—Æ…Ç4/C…È“¨3–RU˜ÊZ?D–R n$ Ëô•U˜QN{jA[\UN…œ64E6F/C…†‡ˆ23Š/ n€DU”Z23_ ![\]3Rn$4E6F/C…A†‡gC…Dš^Û$4567‘6~ g’“¨3/D\Ì•GÍÎUo”ÏÛ…D3G$ ЖRU?D<’/D \Š/R$4567‘6~UѨ3îÒG™?š$Ó²Ô²ÍÕA^Û U$Õ]cš4567‘6~gX’C^UnÑÖZ;ØÙlG™?D$? @/D]^©ªUÊ]…D3/ŠSn™?š?D_Š2U˜$ØÙlG× Z4567‘6~G@A[\?nARs3cGØÙU?]…D?DŠ/G XYZ23_ !ÉÚÛR˜$4567‘6~Aà©gÜݨ3/NU$4567‘6~ AØÙl3cZnÂÞC^4567‘6~A±WßU‰D…ØÙUC…D š_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

5


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@§<78®6

!ÉÚÛ˜$4567‘6~Aà©gÜÝC$Xà•áâ¸gã3/N U$à±A¹ºhgØZcUC$ØÙl´äå“lcZæ^ç–CD4 567‘6~A±WßU‰D…A’»èé´äêOIgëì¨3Š/g& •/¨3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

6


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@¦<78¯°

!ÉÚÛ˜$‹íA[\?îïJÚÛßÁUðñD…¯]^_

?@ *+,-.,/Ûd#º»0Âl+,-±² !4567‘6~Aà©gÜݨ3^Û$ M“4567‘6~å“[\] ÌòUQ;567îïgó<_ ±²³p ±²¯° ±²¸¹ ±²º»

78¹ 7r9 ;<

?z´µ?§´ ¶· §?¸ ¼½0¾d*+,-.,/

¿ÀÁÂ/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ ÇÈÁÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì ×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì ÜÝÁÞßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ âãßÁäåæçè éêëëìäå¾Ì íîÁäåÛ%Ð ïÀÁðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð óÀëôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ï¿ëPYö˜÷.,/ MøÁ*+,-*ù,*yyz úûÁãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ýþÿð!¾Ì "pÁ#Ó$%$&*+,-K,LÐ …'(Á)*+,-¾Ì ./Á0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ 1ßàá¾Ì 2034*+,-.,/ 56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð §? ?zz: ¶·=$Ô>?@A*+,-.,/Ûd£BæCD EPFGH0¯@Âl+,-=IJ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

7


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

§@ !"#º»0Âl+,-±² !4567‘6~AØÙó¶/jklA¯ÌgÜݨ3^Û$ Q;567 îïgó<_ ±²³p ±²ÐL ±²¯° ±²º» 78¹

??´?z2µ??´§n2 MN$ë<OPŽOaQRÅabO *+,-.,/yz~@WX•7rIJ *+,-.,/{Ð# ?¦

±²³p ±²ÐL ±²¯°

??´µ?§´ |}ë

±²º» 78¹

f~@•-|}ëF0*+,-K,Lef#U WX•7r *+,-K,Lef# ?z

±²2 ±²ÐL ±²¯°

??´§v2<?§©zzK?v©zz MN$ë<OPŽOaQRÅabO “Sl-TÐUÂl+,-"V=WXF7r Ys#@BZm[Î,*F*–\],q=WX ±²^~¹ ?… ±²º» *+,-K,LF“l”“l*+,-F_`a 0YbX&=cdGP)ef# "VWX¹ nz 78¹ ¦¦ 7r9 u¦: ;< †‡"UghiFj÷,k“lm@Âl+,=WXnP&Ph&h&Âl+,-@opgP QiXhYnq@6r#0+sgj÷,k“l m@tuQYZ0U78=vZwGUxP&u )n

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

8


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

¦@`€Â÷l˜±² !4567‘6~A<ôUõÖ3°O´äö y÷(yõøšÉ456786 9ùƒù•úûülRà©A4567‘6~UýCD°OUÌC$456 7‘6~UѨ3þQ{;µîïgó<_–^$ÉÚÛ4d/C…ëÿ¨ 34567‘6~êOIU‰D…þQ{;µg¯]^_

±²ÐL0•‚< !îU‰D…˜$456ã6õ4567869g!ç¨3jklù gÌò/C^îïg¯\^Û$ 4567869"Ù4567‘6~/#$ l$h$l$X$lA%O6ãG&Z23[\UÂÞC$•'îïU[W$ k('üIGh$l$ X$lG)*•'–Wœ¨D4567‘6~g+ç —_–^#$lAO6ãg&3^Û$4567869:ü;7FUQ; 567g,-C$./C^_

‡ƒ„Sw0…W¯@VYQ !#$l$h$l$X$lA'üI0ŒU‰D…˜$X$lg$ %QJý1 QAM23U§3Š/GR•3'üI./C$?2gð4U.5C…n Z]^_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

9


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@n<†Ê0‚‡

c`ˆ/jÃl !4567‘6~uU’%¨3"ÙQ7<~•6;AŠ/_ n/n/47 {67Us378œ9:AÀ;W?@g"Ù<’ÙU‰šZ2^nA_ à <}7<;~$Ò€<;•?@=Î?>?Gs3_–^$Â~•6;A> ?$@A$¿:

$,%ABß?@˜%4567‘6~U[]…C?W$

%4567‘6~ADEgF•§¨G/?3nARs3_ !%jkUHC^Â~•6;A¿:

˜C?]…D3/IÖ23G$ à±

R˜J‰A4E6FRN•¨3[\UÂ~•6;g’»¨3564GÚ D_CcC$%jklcZ˜¬K¬L/AÍMANnXG]…ìW$¨£ …AØÙlgMÕˆÕ3nAg‰šW§¨A˜OCD/D”3_

c`*-÷,•XAŠ/gè¨_PQ%-,+yy,.AŠ/_€ƒAhAjk>&A0RU n?]…D3_

cˆ\jÃl‰ !“•FŽgDš‰cAÂ}•6;U0Œ…“•¨3Š/_ 4567‘6 ~R˜ŠA[\?GSg’Œ3Š/U[W$ <’ØÙlAØÙFŽg0Ó ˆÕ…TæUagîVC…D3_ tuR˜Q~•6;4E6FW†'y(Xw GÂ}•6;GgVWY2…D3_ õýZ¤—[¥!“•FŽ/\•]U‰D…ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

10


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@v<*+,-.,/GŒ•=!"ŽZ†‡•®@VYQ

`Žªš›‘- Gg c RŠ‘›•‹•`«•‹•!}t^_`Aú69Q:<;9••úÆO;4R%ab,+yxy'vwxy-. /Rˆ23`mAQ~•6;4E6Fjkg'Û^:ü;7G„ƈ2 ^_Š2˜4E6F"cýœ;ÇI%a(Xd.G•eC^nAR$456 7869$=>&õ<:•~Iê7~ú4ù $Qµ'}•f:;<:;$4 E6F~<:Ò;µ$<;…6…œ;•$47{67I6…1$4j: ¿6ÃP;$²³:~869?@R$ì[?Š2–Rjk/˜†ÛZ2? c]^4E6FA€ƒ—]^_ ŠA$gU[]…Q~•6;4E6FUÌ ¨3†‡S˜¬kUXGW$ hig‹Œ^2A´'Æjnk>A€ƒgG «¨3?@$ø}˜n/[WfthUlmgžY3Š/U?]^_

c` `«•‹•!`ªª¥ #$ %ab,+yxy'vwxy-.G%&'vwxy-.UnR/?]^_n/n /%ab,+yxy. õ³›47{6Åùg%&. õ³}~4ù/oRR0çRD ^nA—G$ oRR˜?šp2qRUC^A˜?ŠUÇ6Ò;µArs¸ /ÐtA3oG”Z2^cZ—/IÖ23_ `ªª¢ #$&'vwxy- ˜j{ÃÄI€Q•¿;OP³ÑUƒŸguC^_Š A#$ %vadazyKvwd'&. õ³}~4fbù/D\ã:7IAÉGÁwˆ 2^_ŠAÉU˜$&'vwxy- Rjkˆ2…D3=Î?>&gñx¨3¾ Qyg%zÇ'6•6;³}~4./‰%ñŒ$=ZG{ç¨3#|œQ ~¿{6$}~•D?@A€rGrZcšÅ•ˆ2…D^_zÇ'6 •6;³}~4˜ `a bt‚cZ ®a bt‚õƒFùAygè¨$/D\n A—]^_ab,+yxy'vwxy- ˜ &'vwxy- /?W vy„y+w,…*„'& ?3fb g‰šW§C^ARs3_ !&'vwxy- ˜ƒŸg•úÆO;4cZ¿;OP³Ñ¥$ˆZU¿;Ã<

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

11


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

;•4¾¥/uW$?C… daa` #U˜Bä^_`ÃP<OIÃPQU u]^_¥šŽ„ÆA:ü;7UYŸ•Ggó<C?GZnda†°g‡” 3gbÌ]G?A°kgˆ8Œ…D3_–^$ŠA‚=˜ft`¦ajtU ´'Æ$gˆ2…ìW$à±$}tAÉ€ƒg‰h/¨3¹+•?€ƒg Q…Q$Š6ú}‘$z647<{Q$‹}R„ƈ23UÊ]…D3_ –^$}tA”—]^46‘6J65}7U˜%&'vwxy-.AúÑGY] ^4567869œ[Œ•$°ŽG•Z2…ìW$´'Æ•6ÅUnûŸ ¨3?@$f<;9/C…A‘’nXG]…D3_

!&'vwxy- A„ÆÇ/Å6fN;7 ï' ` ªª§ #!^_`ú69Q:<;9••úÆO;4R%a b , + y x y vwxy-.G„ƈ23_ ï'`ªª¥ #! %ab,+yxy'vwxy-.g%&'vwxy-.UnR_ ï'`ªª¢ #!„ÆÇg“_`¿;OP³ÑUu¨_ ''''''''''''Š2‹•$¸#”UƒŸgu¨:ü;7/?3_ ï'`ªª¦ #!ã:R%y-…w„'&'vwxy-.G„ƈ23_õ”#„Æù ! !!!!!!•daad #˜J'6•QR„Æ_ ï'daa` #!4~:;$f<…I$z647<{QR &'vwxy- AÇȹ +G¯Ö23_ ï'daa` #!&'vwxy- ˜Bä^_`~;•I<€Q••úÆO;4U„ ÆÇgu¨_

!`ªª¢ #}tRÁwˆ2^%vy„y+w,…*„'&.UÅ•ˆ2…D3fb–0 R ï'`ª¦d—daa®!vy„y+w,…*„'˜ ï'`ª¥`—`ª¦`!vy„y+w,…*„'&

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

12


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

ï'`ª—®—`ª¥a!=**xy+ï'`ªd§—`ª—d!(…™y„,'vy„y+w,…*„

c`ž¦ !4567869õ=wyzxù $Qµ'}•f:;<:;õ=šyxaù $<: •~Iê7~ú4õ=>&ùAÜ›œgV]…%=®. õÆ64{6ù/0ç RD3_&'vwxy- ˜ŠA =® g•/C$4E6F~<:Ò;µ$47{6 7I6…1$4j:¿6ÃP;$²³:~869?@$‚$_$žAjk cZŸÈˆ2…D3_ŠA &'vwxy- Ub

ˆ23Š2ZA4E6Fg¼

RC$%³}~44E6F.õ&' ()*+,-ù/0123[\U?]^_& vwxy- G¡¼•Uþ}7C^Š/g‹Œ$}t ® €´'ÆÇ}7¢6~ AŸ‰%d=£.˜%v+w¤…,¥'vwxy-.g$Š6ú}‘R˜%˜w¦'vwxy-. $ z647<{QR˜%XšydaK'&./D]^k>A:ü;7G§çU„Æ ˆ2…D3_

!³}~44E6FA”¨õ•ùU%=®.Gs3 ï'=wyzxõ4567869ù$=šyxaõ:;<:;4567ù$=v©a õ[Œ•ùA?2ª2AÜ›œgV]…%=®./0çRD3_ ï'=®U˜?2ª2Ô6Ñ:•g«\jk%LazK./$47{67¾6 4uRjk¨3%(KzaaK.ÿ˜%Xyz©.A¸>&Gs3_ !!!•=v©a Aæ%Ã<}7<;9./0123¬-RAjkGs3_

!_®R„ƈ2…D3”?jkƒ ï'&'vwxy-õ}t'¬'a(Xd ”Æ'¬'ft `¦a jtU´'Æ$gù ï'v+w¤…,¥'vwxy-õ}t'¬'d=£ ´'Æ”Æù ï'&',+…w™-õ}t'¬'a(Xd ”Æù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

13


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

ï'=®õ}t'¬'a(Xd ”Æ'¬'=wyzx£=šyxa£=v©a A€ƒù ï'y-…w„'&'vwxy-õã:'¬'a(Xd—(Kyz”Æ'¬'•daad#€ƒ[WJ'6 •QU…„Æù ï'z*™™y+'¯y'=y+°¥õÃ<;4ù ï'˜w¦'vwxy-õ9:Fù ï'XšydaK'&õz647<{Qù

c` `Žªš›‘- UhÖ•®‘XZ0& !?±ŠA%³}~44E6F.GelghiUñxˆ2…D3Ac²? 2˜el³GŠ2–RA´µ$¿}j6$´€4/D]^¶·4E6FU ¸•ÕZ?š?]^$/D\Š/G¹¬UsYZ23_nU47{67c Z¼iC^%º:»4E6F./D\¼½G€•D/D”3—S\_& ()*+,- A¾U=®UÑC…˜$[½R¿"?¢äcZÏÛZ234E6F RsW$ˆZUÀƒ•?ÃÁ}•6;¸Gš$:N6…•Uú}~#| ?@/ÃaCœ¨D$/D\¬-gx]…D3_Š2UÄ&C^AG#| "cýœ;ÇI%>KL'()*+,-'Å'>Æ-…°'Çy-,…¤w™.g„ÆC^_ õ”#} tR„Æù

!&'()*+,- GȯC…D3¼½ ï'elfbghiU$¶ÉA4E6FŲ3ÃÄGÊAš ï'¿"?47{67cZ¼iC^¢äg4E6F/C…ÃĨ3[\U ?]^ ï'elA¬ðÃÁ}•6;G%456ã6

ÃÁ}•6;.qrU?W$

%ìCË2.ÃÄGÌš

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

14


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

!4567‘6~gØÙ¨3jk>&/C…˜$”U4567869$: ;<:;4567$=>& AJ>?Rs3_Š2ZAhRn>&GDš‰ cU0c2…D3_ŠŠR˜$4567‘6~´äƒÍ<’g’»¨3U s^W$%>&A¾ÎgÜݨ3^Û$jk>&U‰D…gÅ•¨3_

c`*+,-.,/m’)g“@”.,/•G–—˜q !4567869$:;<:;4567$=>& /D]^4E6FG|C Û3"Ù<’AŠ/_ õ<’ØÙáâ?>&˜4567‘6~A‹ŒY2 ¶ÏU[]…C?3_ ù•Xõ47{67ùUs378œ9:AÀ;W$4 ú6•?@gQ7<~•6;_C…$<’uU,%C…D3_ !`ªª§ #ÐcZÍÎUo”ÏÛ$à±$tuR˜¡ ¥a Ñ›ÒSA456 7‘6~G哈2…D3_¢ÓÇA¬Ô$Õ•Ÿ?@gØÙC^§aaÖ ËtA×h•‚A<’GÚš$”UÑØÙÚgÛ\•6}•$4567! çl?@Gå“C…D3_u"R˜$ÁœÜ?@A[\]GÇöAs×? @g‹Œ$MÓA¬ÔgVÝC…„$¨3?@AÌ•G§…ìW$M“4 567‘6~õ‘f{}~‘6~ùnÍÎUo”…•…D3_M“456 7‘6~˜ÞQR[½Ö$A›GÚDG$ ¬-A•QA4567‘6~R ˜$ \•]œ:;47<~ã6g’%C…“•¨3?@ß¼ˆ2…D3› nsW$¬-R˜•ŽA••Uå“àá¨3$¹JÂ~ã6U[3å“n ¯Ö2…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

15


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

c*+,-K,L !4567869Ajk˜€•š0Œ…$47{67â(KzaaKã$<6ý jIâLazKv£yšãA d ‰U0?ˆ23_

™*-÷,!4567869Aäåæ˜$ 爔•Z?Œ21D‰Rn@ŠRnR• 3/ŠSRs3_4567869A7{}~Aè/ç@G$47{67c Zi–2^_

™š,›]w !lˆ ®x ‹XA<;•AŠ/g}\G$®x ‹íRnQ6IG•‰š$ {}•A-0GéêU?]…D3nA˜$<6ýjI/0123_šÉR ˜<6ýjI<;•AmG™?š$ <6ýjI456ã6n™?DAGà ©Rs3_

<J ?@v@?<*-÷,-<<<<<J ?@v@§<œÍ”l•<<<<<<<J ?@v@¦<š,›]w

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

16


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

c“l”“l*+,!:;<:;4567AjkA>?˜€•š0Œ…$Qµ'}•f$ ÃP}7Ç4$ë}56U0ŒZ23_

™Â˜„\jž“l”“l !Qµ'}•f˜%4ã;7./n012…D34ã:IR$9:AÀ¨ Wœ…œ;•ìg«]…¯\%47{67â(KzaaKã./%<67âLazKã. A d >&AjkGs3_ ¢*-÷,-

!n/n/…œ;•ìg«]…•gó䇔^W¨3Q~•6;• ?sícZÏ–]^nARsW$µ<:;9GfU§…•…cZî ïUq_C^_µ<:;9/˜•16

AÃ'6Åœ•DIg«]

…'6IõÀ¨Wùœj6fõ78ùg>3Š/Rs3_ŠAµ< :;9$?C……œ;•<;•œ~z6ã6$ÃÁ;8}~4?@ g«]…¯\³Q67{}~?@gj\…œ;Ig47{67/D \_?AhRn$¤hUs3Og'µ<:;9C^W$'ó䇔^W ¨3'456´P;µAŠ/g%{QI47{67./0µ_

J ?@v@n<÷Âw*-÷,-Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

17


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

¢š,!Ô6Ñ:•gDcUlšóä$ðñ?kgæÕ3cgj\>&_ ™j—\-£* !…6ò;µbÖWUMÓœó•g>ô¨3Š/gÃP}7Ç4/0çR D3_–^$4›6œQ:44567A7'6€;µnŠA0´UY3_

™“l”“l¤\+, `ªª®#$}t$jKåR`dý6ÅcZ4! 7C^•úë}56{6µ%zõv.G°kg 0ä$ `ªª—#U˜d—ý6ÅUö2XGW$ˆZU fthg÷©ZÆ}µ4E6F/?3=ø J ?@v@v<“l”“l¤\+, Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

gæÕ…D3_}tR˜%ÐfùutAN …œ64E6F./Rˆ2…D3_–^$J *„JR¯\47{67ë}56Un°kG sWMӜՕŸA¬ÔRkúU•':C …D3ûünÚšæcŒZ23_

™*”ò,l J ?@v@t<“l”“l¤\+, Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

¦a°x ý `x ÒAŽþR¾6;õ‘:ú;ù g“…$?AŽgÿŒ!Œ3AG4<ú6 Å_^—ÿŒ!Œ3—ŒR?š$tSr•U >]^W$"ÕR>]^W$?2ZgYæa ÖÕ^W/‡˜ˆD_4<ú6ÅA4|6 9gj\O1QI4<ú6Å?@A€ƒn

J ?@v@y<*”ò,l Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

ÍÎU„c2…D3__®R˜°kAs3

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

18


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

jkRs3_

< ™*¥,L„,* !4|69A>&U˜$•6677<}~ œ$ú6<6J<#;/0123 §a ›ú$J ?@v@u<žŸ

„,*

Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@¦¡

`aa ›úA'64Gs3_

c žŸ ™„,* !'64˜ê7~ú4A[\U°ô•U«]^ ¾64g ¦ °$ZDR¬%UôWïˆgj\j k_ &Ã{64ã:Iõ‘6~<:OP;µù !€•š0Œ…$%47{67â ( K z a a K ã ./

J ?@v@€<¦,-[§l• `Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

%<67âLazKã.U0ŒZ23_ ¢*-÷,!'()RD\47{67/˜…œ;•<; •œÒ€<;•œ?A2°ôAÂ~•6;g «]…*äžhRkg¯?\jkgÃæ¨3_ =>&AhR¬+,ÀRs3_7{}~U˜D SDSs3G$9:góä•W^W$9:A À¨WU~µõ78œÀ¨WUF]-Œ3^ ÛA.ùgcŒ…>W•W^W$Ogóä‡ ”^W¨3_?AhRn$~µg«]…78 œÀ¨Wg>3Š/gµ<:;9/}\_2 J ?@v@?z<žŸ *-÷,Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@¦¡

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

19


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

U˜$ …œ;•C…Ÿ/0S.ŒC…tSr •Uô]^W$ žhRÔ;9Ig.ŒˆÕ^ W¨3_–^$ %47{67.U˜{QI4 7{67/º®A47{67GsW$ Ël˜ ¤hRA$tl˜‘6~RAjkRs3_

™¦,-[§l• !1R…œ;•ìg«Wóµjk_

J ?@v@??<žŸ š,Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@t¡

¢š,!‘:•g¸‰U2]^ŽAÔ6Ñ:• R<:OP;µ¨3_¬È+À—/{}• cZó䧨lˆ˜ ®x ‹XUn?3_3 EMhAžh<7IRs3_ < ™j”\-”lL !¬Z?Q4ÃÁI7AXRš3š3.] ^W¨3jk_&—vwxyR˜¡®ax4dax A4~64R =>& <:~g[½U„W$ ?A´~€}~AO5S/6[¸$78¸ gj\_

J ?@v@?§<žŸ j”\-”lL Ÿ-‘š›‹` š‹@¦¡

õ9:;<ÚÛ=!daaa #S'×>?•5›%47{674E6Fg@¼ ¨3žŽAÚÛ.[Wù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

20


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

?@t<*+,-.,/@Wª‘XZˆ/jÃl0•«@VYQ

!4567‘6~R«Ùˆ23Â~•6;A>?U‰D…˜‹íA®WR s3_

cš,›]wmš,-q• ¨,j.“• !‚«©AnAUA¬-0õlˆ˜ `aB, õ¡ d[¥xùý ``B,õ¡ ®xùG”È_CG ‰D^-0ADKUéê-0õ%<6ýj I./D\ùGs3_ J ?@t@?<š,›]w mÂ/jÃl*ƒ,„¿À<aŽÅ^q

cœÍ”l• !<6ýjIAlˆgEšC^nA_<6 ýjIUæZ23éê-0˜?D_

J ?@t@§<œÍ”l• mÂ/jÃl*ƒ,„¿À<aŽÅ^q

c/©,k, !?AqA®W$«A—0AŸ-0AŽ©_ 47{67¾64UÙDZ23_ J ?@t@¦</©,k, mÞßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/q

cšl/mj”\-šl/q !¬-g^…cŒ^[\?nA_47{6 7¾64RÙDZ23_ <

J ?@t@n<j”\-šl/ mÞßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/q

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

21


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

? ;<=>

cšl/ ‘š šl/Fb`‘š`šl/ !Ã<}7<;~gF‰‰?GaÖÕ^[\ ?nA_47{67¾64RÙDZ23_– ^$"3G~Ä6ã6A[\UzG‰D^nA g$z',*'<;~/D\_

J ?@t@v<šl/ ‘š šl/ mOPŽOaQRÅabOq

cK\/* !H©U?]^nA_º®$¾6|;µõ‘: •©AnAùgÔU‰Œ…s3_XUI]^ W$¾6|;µU>ZÕ^WC…¢µ_ J ?@t@t<],žK\/* mOPŽOaQRÅabOq

c„,w !.©AnA_JA[\UA¬?nAns2 1$<;~ ,* <;~UŽgaÖÕ…K-U‰ Œ3Š/ns3_DÖL3%À¨W.AbÖW Rs3_

J ?@t@t<„,w mOb^ŽŽq

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

22


9 § ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ !"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

§@?<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/GŒ••þAB

!M“4567‘6~A„•#gîïC^4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ d[`[`ù

t v

¸¹

n ¦ § ? z ?€€§‚ ?€€¦‚ ?€€n‚ ?€€v‚ ?€€t‚ ?€€y‚ ?€€u‚ ?€€€‚ §zzz‚ §zz?‚ ®e‚

J §@?@?<®e‚¯@Õ)¾d*+,-.,/

ïJ d[d[` [W$M“4567‘6~˜ `ªªd #cZopC…ìW$¾U `ªª¦ #cZM“4567‘6~Go”…•…D3_

!„•¼½/C…‹íA.5G&Z2^_–^$4567‘6~A„•¼ ½–Uæ^4dgnoUì¨_ õJ d[`[dù

cCüEF°0z± !&Çö•U[3s×õ¢äŸGèCD?@ù !&MqåÌ !&N¯lU¶·GiO3

c£Bæ°0z± !&ÇÈ^¸_ !&¢UA¬‰/C…

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

24


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

CD»¼½ v: ¾¿0ÀV ?z:

Œ•¸> v:

¹0º v:

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

Œ•ÁÂFÃ$#C0 ÄÅ nz:

·…Û% ?z:

Cüµ¶ §v:

J §@?@§<¾d*+,-.,/0®ez±²³´

!&<’APQõúûJRS?@ù !&T™#AUøVÈ !&»ƒ]VTU

ïM“4567‘6~A„•¼½/C…$jklU[3%<’PQ$N¯ l¥A¶·./D\¹ºcZ’“C…D3/ŠSns3G$?A2AW& /C…˜$ØÙl3As×U[3X’/$[\]3G4567‘6~g4 E6F<’/C…/Z”$`a<’_U[]…'bcdgXZ]^W$Ç È^¸_gJ3?@$VW•UX’C…D3sGÚšæZ23_

ïØÙlAs×GŽ/?]…à2^%MqåÌ.U[]…$[\]3G4 567‘6~X’g¯]^/D\È2˜$ 2A4E6FRn?gæ?Dn ARs3_

ïú6jIõÇöAjklùGMÓ3/YCaD$FŽGH?@A•èg

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

25


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

’Œ$[0^ÐRMÓUÂ~•6;g’%C$•èU\]…ß¼C…D3 564ns3_õyb['À“Z[´MÓù

ï‹XAŠ/˜$4567869$=>&$:;<:;4567/D]^j k˜$¡?3f6Å•?nAR˜?š$BCDã:•A%4E6F./C …†‡R•3sí/?3/”Z2$%jkA¼½Gefˆ2…D3_

!4567‘6~AX’UÊ]…˜$ B\»?@ANOPQnVWXY… ìW$n¹UÄ&g'Û…D3_ !M“4567‘6~UѨ3rsgnoUì¨_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

26


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ:<¿ÀÁ<Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿À`aŽÅ^

<Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/UÇ,•l< < <¿ÀÈ¥ÐÉC <*+,-Ê,*÷l/=Ë;< <½³UÌ+ÍÎ

!W†Á]K^

_AW†„•Ÿ`ÇõFaJbŠ~ã6IùUkÁGV

ÝC^%Q~•6;4E6F‘6~W†. õcdefùGgšz6•;C ^_elU°kA:;<:;4567õ•hGi¬jUkµ4567ù? @g|CÛ3¾64œ{;~?@gÝ”$k>A<’R˜tuRu€• ‚_lFš–RYŸÞQR$¬È+ÀA‚êmk?@Gs3_ !cdefß¼nËRz6•€;µÂ'ê€6G¯Ö2$ Ñol¡Fpb l°G§q_rstuÁKG%v•ùÌRW†ABCD•/C…¼½ˆÕ ^D./sDˆ‰C^t$´6•j}7RwÈgx]^_ !cdef˜$k`ÇUkÁGX’¨3Ú&•96Åg•UC^MÓõ¡ gŠ~ã6IùAŒÇuUsW$žˆ¡FJyŠ~ã6I_:;<:;4 567AècU4567869œ'()õê7~ú4Ù[Œ•ùGR•3 ¾64œ{;~gÝ”$lˆlbN67IA~<:Ò;µ²Ä6Iœ4 ›6J4Ó6869…œ;•ìns3_ !kÁGb¾cZ¾64œ{;~?@Az1$ ß¼n?@g¡F{|}~ p†«RVÝC$kÁMÓùƒUß¼àá_jk<’?@g’%C^•Ž ••³}~44E6F…œ‘;õkÁ¬´$PÉ-F{gp†«ùGØÙ Q-/Y?@U[36“•°ß2R哨3_ !#hÞ€R$ØÙFŽ˜•Ë|Fý•tlF‚õlFš–R•ËlFý •tlFù_ ØÙQ-˜‚FŽg¡‰U•t‚F‚–RG€°ƒpbl«$

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

27


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

„ibpbl«$…†õh„i‹íù~p«‡?@_k»˜##SA•Q YŸlm¡Fl†°$•Xl¡¬{ƒ}bp†«gæ©çRD3_ !k`ǘ$kÁG¬|gy#UO;J6~Jý8{MÓ@ˆŸ‰g@Ð §C…‹ô$jŠ6MÓ$¿}j6Ÿ/Ÿ‰GFŒ‚ŒC…À8c;A© ¶G‹D…•^_ Ú&•96Åg•UC^MÓA»e˜Œ#F¾U–/– W$cdefA•’˜k|¾U••µI6•U[3r••úE6ŽIõë ÿùR×–]^_ !Ú&•96ŘÐ#l¾U»ô$Faa‚#•AwÈg&èC…D3_ •‘’“Ø”z6•;C^W†„•Ÿ`ÇA%Q~•6;4E6F‘6~ W†. õdaa` # ¦ ¾ ª š†•B\–•ù

”ÏÐ!ÑÒ*+K,UÓ’Ž<¿ÀÁ0È¥ÐÉCL,l>e •3ÔÕÖ×ØÙ<ÚÛ1•˜w,•=•‚<ÜÝ‚Þßà®áŽ•

!W†Á˜l~š$kÁ]K^

_AW†„•Ÿ`ÇUX’¨3Ú&•

96ÅAr••úE6ŽIõ’»J<ôAëÿùA4dg¼

C^_96

ÅuAµ<²;9˜žˆy}p¬ßN67I$—˜glN67I$lˆ‚ l¬N67I‹XR$™2´µGáâ?žŽgÙšC$:;<:;456 7õiU•hG8D^4567ù?@GR•34E6FžŸg•’¨3V Ý»egëÿC^••µI6•G+12^_ !X’¹èǘ$žˆFaJbŠ~ã6IAk`ÇA\Ð$kÁG¬|| ƒ#UkÁ1Ç„¼M»cZÙÇg›DœC^^ÇÜ¡gŠ~ã6I_ r ••úE6ŽI˜ôeL•œ¾47žŸ?@g

DUó<C^nAR$ l

A••µI6•cZg¾Fl¬šUëÿg‹Œ$ ¡-¢]R‰š3£ïà

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

28


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

]ƒR+èC^_ !•ÙC^ëÿU[3/$Ú&•96Ř«A¤g¥WV]^ŽR$¦‘ §—G$¨˜VW®CR•$Ú&•žŸ?@/¬]•?ØÙGáâ_Xà -V˜|}bp¬ßN67IR$g©q˜¡}qg¹èC…ìW$ª«= œ•œ¢6=?@nÝ”3_ !–^elU°kGlD:;<:;4567œ4567869rŒAQ~ •6;4E6F‘6~g¬-C…•’_kÁGÙÇõ¡FŠ~ã6Iùg ë†C$Ó²Ô²gx‰•Ž••A®¯õ¡l{«ùRVÝC^XR$Ú &•96Å/•Õ^ß¼å“g‰èC…ìW$ kÁAr•°˜¹è®WF lƒ{«/æVn]…D3_ !+è¼½U‰D…£ïà]Kg±Û^F²T³´˜ %Q~•6;4E6 F‘6~˜øtRnµCš$îÒ¼¶GR•$€•‚?€ƒA„Æ?@' bGefˆ23U]¸As3ëÿ_ CcnÚ&•96Å/A¬]•?ß¼ 哘ÁA®¯úŸU‰?GW$¼a•U·2…D^./C…D3_ !kÁ˜Ð¾hUëÿC^8ÉXàr±›õ^¸Àù/À¹X’õkùA µI6•/ðÉùègº4_ðÉ’»$ó<’»$X’ôrg»n¼Ä¨ 3¹èR$Faa‚#‚¾¼AwÈg&èC…D3_

”ßàC+Ói?â<ãäViPÁFzå=• Ö“ !W†ÁG»eC…D3W†„•Ÿ`ÇõkÁ]K^

_$FaJbŠ~

ã6IùAÚ&•96ÅX’˜l~š$r••úE6ŽIõ’»J<ôA ëÿùA+è4dG¼

ˆ2$Faa‚#•AwÈUrŒ…€•š¬Ng

½æ§C^_õJ-UÑØÅrù !k`ÇAØÙŸ‰˜FŒ‚ŒC^¾¿Gs3_¬|gy#AO;J6 ~Jý8{MÓ@ˆ$|F#UjŠ6¾64ghiUC^%A/À(AM

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

29


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

Ó. $|‚#A‚†°/ÁA¿}j6ŸÂ/ÃÄôÃ_År?ÀÁžŽG K#$%ˆ2…•^_ !?ç?hRÚ&•96ÅŸ‰˜Ð#F¾$ ËÁKFbcZÃÆXY©¶ ÃU?]…D^¿}j6ŸŸ‰UbÖ3Q:OQ/C…rstuÁKG@ ЧC^_ !kÁ˜%¬SU`Çø]AVÝU»À¨3A˜ÚÇA°ÙG-cW$ õÈÉGÊCDhRùÞ¼_R•3nAcZÀ-Œ$n¹UËh¸glÛ ^D. õrsÁKù/C…$“$hÌ$^A‚ÇÜU0Œ^XRÇÜÝ/ U<’gVÝC…DšŠ/UC…ìW$ Ú&•96ÅAX’˜^ÇÜ¡g Š~ã6Ig¹èC…D3_ !^Çܘ$ kÁG|ƒ#U•Ø?Í8ÎÏ%As3ÇȼaVÝr•Ð gØÙC$kÁ1Ç„¼M»cZ¡ylg{«RÑYC^1Ç_?AÒ$ 4E6FÑØ<’AX’gtUáÓÃC…ìW$ <’AX’°˜ÙÇV &°A‚0A¬õ¡Flƒ{«ùGkr•Ðgun•ØU^ÙR•3BY æU?]…D3_ !Š\C^G¡AhR$Ú&•96ÅŸ‰G@Чˆ2^ÖŒ—G$kÁ A“ØR˜$r••úE6ŽIR•ÙC^ëÿ˜96ÅA•‚JÔâ—Œ R˜?š$ •’¨3<’gÕÛ^^ÇÜø]ADEñšWG¬‰A×ÛÀ U?]^_ !n]/n$:;<:;4567õiU•hA8D^4567ùGR•3 4E6FžŸAVݘ$Š2–RkÁAŸ‰U?c]^Q:OQ—_Ƀ UóàR•3c@\c$•Ž••/ÁA´20¯g@\¨3c_sD–D ?hG™?š?D_ !–^$ %?±Ú&•96Åc_îÒM„GÍl0./D]^Ö×ANn s3_^ÇÜ‹®U‰D…$Øè•?4E6FžŸõ¡bŠ~ã6Iù/ C…ØÙC…D3hÌÇÜœÙC“šÉUBÊ’%gs×C…D3“ÇÜ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

30


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

A»eAènÐtUVæÚˆ2…D3_D;2UC…n$C]cW/Á• UŸ‰œ»eAuÁg“ØC$¼Ög&…»óUóàC…DšÛsGs 3_õÉ\-Jhs¬Üù õdaaa # ª ¾ `§ š†•B\–•ù

”æçÓ0¾è<\ç–)é0hêÕ “l”“l*+,-<ëit-âìéY Y•

!gšUz6•;C^Q~•6;4E6 F‘6~W†õW†Á]K^

_ùA4

567{;~_„†h¬#ݹެßõŸ¸ù-à-G$:;<:;456 7õ•hGi¬jUkçRD34567ùR>ô¨3_žD{;~gÉ0 U«D$ágEšC…$ç$ç4|69gXY^_ %?c?cœ3OËç. /$FlbAâ¸GNgcŒ3_ݹߘ%sWG/\./$ã2šˆ? \Uä]^_ ! %ú6<64567U)£3/åæc]ŠDDC$çg¥]…ïš>3 AGkxÐDD./ݹß_ׄèF#AF$‚éXAêU4567ëg nZ]…‹ô$:;<:;4567Uìh_kOJ;•6;Aí°/"› AóRîïgVçR•^_ !k‘6~A{;~U˜ðœŽAñg>3%Ò€<;•.œ$ò³OAs 3%47{67¾64.?@GsW$òSnŒä?GZóîï_~{Q¨ 3/%R•^6ô./õNgXY^_ݹßAö÷…ˆçõøŸù˜%Ð A4567˜4|69+Gs3C$ò³Og‡”3jkœ<}~$ã6;

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

31


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

?@$DSç?kGs3çR¨X./+i¨3_ !:;<:;4567—ŒR?š$4567869œ'()õê7~ú4 Ù[Œ•ù?@$¬-AelU°k—]^€164E6F˜$Ðœ…@n ^Ðn¬ùU|CÛ3[\U?]^_ݹߘ%#Û…ƒ]^€°A4 56ã6œk#bA…@n/¨$UúÎCU?]^_û”^W$û”Z2 ^WC…$™C;‰X³¨3AG¨]Ýš\2CD./&gücÕ^_ õ/¾Ÿýš!†•B\ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

32


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ §<íîÁäåÛ%Ð QšªŒ¡-<¼½U–íPY*+K,Œ• ”îTU0ïðñòUÓu&W•ó¿ôõmíîÁ*ƒ,„ö÷øùq ÚúPQUÓZÐ0Ôû l‡Á˜$elU°kAs34567869$:;<:;4567GR• 3<’/C…$ €s_AÁ¼aåÌŸuUøtRnµCD4567869 ŸgX’$Á•UØÙC…nZ]…D3_ !Š2˜hJlèighi/C^elGMóœÁuAMÓ$Õ•ŸR4 567869¢ägC…®¯AþÿU?]^W$ ¶·?Š/cZøiC… îï¨3Ÿ›gX’C…èCD/A!"G#ƒU§ˆ2$ •$ˆ2^Š/ G•]cŒ—_ !ûVà]ƒR˜$4567869Gc?WA#g%\Š/œ$!çlG hJlèihiA^ÛÍ®A&A[D›$–^s3¬èAžˆnÛs?Š /?@gÂÞC$HÇg9:C…•^G$Ûs?'67R~{QR•3Ÿ ›AÙšG?c?cR•;X’»eGq–?c]^_ !–^$fŽ¬ðU˜4567869A!çl˜$(.RI6IgÞ)¨ 3lGÚš$ *¯A+–WŸ/?3/D]^ÃænsWX’Ÿ›UíÞC ^_ l‡ÁR˜¬ÈŸø#A[ˆŠDt]„ÆUrŒ…l‡Á¼aåÌŸ A¹FeVÝgqÛ…ìW$Ú&•96Åø,ŸU¬-C^ž•ÇU4 567869ŸgX’C^_

ef#0~(üÓ•3 !X’°˜¡bp†«R!"lœ!çl?@AÃæg\•’»C^_ žˆ ˜ d¦a -_lˆ ¥a .cZ `[¦ /AK-gJj›,%C$>WAØ‹¸g ÂÞC^8WU?]…D3_ !.Œ/…œ;•gj\%47{67§.R$~Ä6ã6‘:•$Ã<}

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

33


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

7ü;ýœ|<Ò}9gc0•U,%C$ #ilcZX$l–RØÙR• 3[\UC^_ !ØÙUs^]…AøøÌA/C…˜ŠIN}7A»Ùgé±ñŒ^_ – ^—2Rn[½UØÙR•3^Û$ ¼aåÌŸß¼r±›R2<’/NU ê€ã6U[3'hß¼g¯]…D3_ !ØÙFŽ˜•ËýFcZ•týF–R/C#¼#Ï‹®˜€æ?š$ « ÙQ˜ÞQ_ØÙlcZ˜%#ilU˜™CO5SGlD./ANn\c 23G$ %‹ËA[\Ukg•\ÛsG?š?]^./ç1A[\—_1J š2šU˜J0°$ZDGØÙC…D3_ !Á•AíW‰‰s3G$ 3æ/C…hi-ATð¤RA47{6 74586<6˜tg4^?D_ÐtA Xz œm¾ÒR–¨–¨ØÙlG o”3AR˜/efC…D3_ !Ðt$jk4E6F/C…A4567869°mA5€œ$kAa\ú Žk6cZøÁ•?Y7ñšW#il¥Aè8$:;<:;4567$ =>&õ<:•~Iê7~ú4ù/AîV?@$ØÙlG”]/?]^ß¼ å“g&èC…D•^D_ !"DËô$ŠA<’R€ƒG„ƈ23[\$!"l$ØÙlA^Ìg ÃÄú6C…D•^D_ õ¾9ÇÈñšW daa` #/¾:ù !

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

34


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ ¦< ýÕþhU*ƒ,„.,/=ÿ!ÔT"m#$Á³q ! ”%&''(F)Æ0*+°,"< ”-./0*+K,•þ¸ <#$·”,$~@ÄÅh$0• <:123‚F4«·5•

!÷z;•Ê"šAÙ<¤R4567869gIW.C$ ®¯°Uµ‰cW ?\U?]^¶·?¯=gC^/C…$;•M˜yš$kÁuAƒ»]A ™#âŸýãg$óÍÁâÞ߯=ã>?A@DRAB;•ñ-UC?gˆC ^_Ù<¤R˜ŠŠm#$ˆDU4567869g|CZelZGo”$ Ù<”ZG%\3ˆš…E2;$ÄFC…D3.?@/B‚$kMUVW º–Wgs×C…D^_4567869gÌòUkÁgHÙC^A˜$ø tRnCs/D\_ õ¸000#ø¾/š'G•B\År[W!Hù

!CëUkIX?š$ 4567869œ<45}786Ig|CÛ3Ÿ› A’%gJÛ'…$;•ÁuAelZR4ÈC^Kæç?R4E6F‘6 ~g8S\ƒLA¡J0°'G~š$÷z ;•$MN—Êœ€ÀËMÓ?@ ÁuOP›RMq^Ìg¯]^_

!kƒ˜Ð#¬¾‚1cZMq^ÌgÏÛ$`†Fpbl°0AMqg' Û^_ŠA'š;•ÊËR˜4567869A!çAœQ…liZlm° G$›DObœgûbU'^ÌuÁgÅC^ý<•g,-C$ùEg0ä cŒ^_kÁRSÜAƒ»]õø0ù'˜K;•˜eD°³G'–3Ÿ›G ÙcU?D_^ÌGóg4£1DDR¨XL/Ñ'igTÕ…D^_

kƒR˜$'–]^Mq/s×CgBäCUë§_–^$UVÇ/C…%W

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

35


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

cdX'Y¸Ÿ.GÉZ»ô¨3–RAØèØÙgs!¨3_ õO¾Oš'¿ÀB\ù ! ”*ƒ,„.,/1•67ÁF8æUµ¶4<·…9:#$ÁùC•

!;•ÁuU4567869œ<45}786Ig|CÛ3MÓAX’g JÛ3Kæç?R4E6F‘6~g8S\ƒL õ[´\…b

ù˜l~š

–RU~}|p~l°0AMqg'Û$s×Cg]^'÷_ÁK`Uë§ C–C^_ !Á¥As×CA맘F¾¼U‹•F.&_ åÌ„Ï‹ôAMq˜»¬ †F}~p‚l°UAa]^_s×CU˜$›œ4´P6 d` X’¹èÇ œ•ú7|QMÓ?@g4E6F‘6~AX’UVÇU'bY…D3_c ´ˆçZkƒAN;<6‚°GdmAÁûVà]ƒUe•$ f¹gûVn KZ‚°UMqYWAs×CgÀ9C^_ !Áûà˜Kà±$’%¨3ŸaUcc]…š3'67œhig9:C… D3:9_ !kO[\?<’gx‰hijÁœklÁ?@$ 2ÀÁA©ªnD 3L/C…D3_ õm¾Ÿøš¿ÀB\ù

‹X%æç?R4567‘6~g8S\ƒ.õX [W n,,)o¬¬ppp[¯w*BB…°y[°*x¬)w+q¬

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

36


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ n<;<ë=Á ”*+,-K,L=>?P)Y0@ÐLUhYn¾@Œ•0A¥ÐÒÃ* hçUÒuQYZG,$~&''(=–'u)-BC@•~‘XZn Úú PQ>?UÓZD"0Œ•UEPY• nwþhFÕ=G:Z*+,-K, Lef#UHYn

*+K,.,/1•0·…®I !rÁAstŸ_`"šRRîïC…D3uvéwˆçõ®aù˜Ð#~ ¾$ %4567869‘6~.AóàgJÛ3xîCgrÁKUë§$" yz{ÁKUƒ]…YCaDgx]^G$ÐA/ŠS$˜]•WC^.5 ˜?D_rÁûà˜%Ër•U9:C…D3G$Hƒ?Ÿ›Gæ‰cZ? D./C…D3_ uvˆçU[3/%4567869GšÉUX‚C…‚l#‹XÐ$4 E6F/C…†ÛZ2‰‰s3_4567869°mno”…•…ìW$ |*$"Ù<’g8]…}CD_?\¨21…†^ÐUn4567869 A|CˆG0c]…nZ”3./D\_ !Úk~Ø÷_A•ó€DANóõ•«ÙÇùRîï¨3el˜$ %"š A›DObU±GZ2…D3[\—G$?c?cîGæ‰cZ? D./‚”3_k_T™#VÈ_•Aƒn$ %4567869gC…D3 °AÃæg\D…$ÌAg9:C^D.Ãr_ !uƒÁh„…_R4567869•6}•%†c‡ð!Wf(ecˆ Y.g‰“¨3ŠÀ÷;ˆçõ®ªù˜$ %uƒUn4567869g¨3 Ÿ›G?D_ÁU8]…èCD/}]…nVWa]…nZ”?D_<A¬ UÒ€<’g8]…D3G$ •Ð]/C^<’g83Ÿ›G?c?cÙš R•?D./à©g“ب3_ !k<U‹Û3‡§‡Œˆçõd`ùn%[•ËAó•?@RîïC…D3

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

37


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

G$ÐŽ]/¶?D/•ns3_”škOŸ›Rœ]…D3/••UÄà ˆ23^Û$ŒÎ/Ÿ›g‘”?Œ21?Z?D./<’AX’g¥×¨ 3_

õX%py’ú6jI‚r.[Wõn,,)o¬¬ppp[™*°w™x…y[°*x¬daa`’w°q¬ “Æ„y—¢¬“Æ„y¢[n,x”`ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

38


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ v<JKëLMÁ ”_`a0>?ÐÿuQ<NfTÖàF LMÁ@µ¶< ý)#0»%@OP =" <QJK !QN{ji–2A[Œ•jk$'()õ<:•~IJê7~ú4ùGe lAŽR•c?f6ÅU?W$–„ÁRnjk°mGo”…D3_Cc C$†‡SGEDŠ/?@cZîïŸAÙšU~ígí_l—_0G¸ øJ/˜õ00#Ÿ0¾à±ù/øt¬R$elAȧGß–Z?D…™ •Aà©UÑol˜%—cZŠ?eD°G^šR•3Ÿn8]…èCD. /"ÙAîïŸAX’g¯É?@U‚”…D3_! •›-{|” !'()˜Ô;9IGJm0S.ŒC$…œ;•œ.Œ?@GR•3è c$•]G׈š$ׄiRn|CÛ3AG¾Î_–„ÁR˜¡J#Ëc ZÊËžŸœMÓ?@R¢µœGæZ23[\U?W$ €šU˜•V•œ ž…•cZnúŽG'–]…ô3/D\_ !Œ#•$••–„M–„ÊËÍ+cZ%s×Cg§C…æ^Z./Q9 <:4g‹Œ$úŽ¡J0°Rkçƒ%žd'c.g4È_îïŸÙšU Ì•§C$’»C8•As×Cg–„ÁUë§C^G$Ÿr˜?C_Ÿ¸ ¾U4567869AkçƒGkÁûàg®O…ë§C^!"GÁ#ƒR •$ˆ2^Š/cZ$BäîïŸX’gJÛ3Š/UC^_ ! %žd'c.ƒKA

ŠÊˆçõ¸Où˜%øt€ƒn„c2$'()

˜“,?4E6F_îïŸGR•21eD°G'–W$¤U^kG§3. /‚”$'()gw•¨3%¿:~I•6}•l¡.Al¡¢Ü<KõO 0ùn%£…Ø2R›]…Dš°nÚš$¯ÉnËr•U?]…èCD. /Y¨_kÁûà˜%-¤•?¹º˜s3G$ŠÐZnîÒÍÕ_Yg\ •^D./Ër•?œÏgæÕ…D3_õ”šB\!Ÿ¾ýšù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

39


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

>Æ t<RSJë *+K,˜w,•<TUVW

!4567869g|CZN;<6^Ð'ÙC€¥h^ÊËR!h^_h ÓAÙC¦§¨€¥h^ʘ$ŸšU¸OÉCcj•Gß–Z?DÞ° Ê_©ªA®‹®„FŽ«g¬Œ1$°kA?D׈?v8AÊ-—_ !ªß$j•g•W^lèiA\Ðm°G$?A––ÊC:U®Ú]…4 567869gÏÛ3_…œ;•C…žhR869g.ŒˆÕ^W$f ú}~gIW‡”^W_¯š?W$4586GR•?š?]^t˜$ì CË£WG‹š_µI6•˜?ç?™#^ÐA'–W—_ !ÊËR4586gÏÛ^A˜J#Ë_ %p°AœGZçÎc]^. %í³ U±ÛZ2^./D]^•]cŒcZ—_lèJ#Až^²³ßõŸ™ù ˜%t0œ´°U˜µ^ŒR4586GR•3Œ@$h^U˜ÊËCc? D./Y¨_ !•t/F¨G$™#^ÐG¶3FŽU?3/$ÊËžŸœfa=U˜$ …164Až•·?@AÝæG&“‰Š/GÚc]^_ C:AÉ•R«3 %¸_^Ì•³ƒ.G¹¬g‹Œ…D^G$Ð#ø¾$™#^ИƒKA €º»ˆçõO™ùcZNg-ŒZ2^_ ! %ß^ÐnÀ¼]^Z@\—. !‹ô$™#^Ðn¶WÒ$ÊUÝ”8ŒAè\•/ÐW/WgÀU¹¬ g¨3[\U?]^_ÐR˜%š½i^A¬-./N;<6Z_ %ÊËR A4586˜ØÙlUÄF./Aíî˜Ðns3G$žŸœfa=U¾Ð …D3Ý昨]cW™?š?]^_ !™#^ÐA^̘$_•R‰š3%T™#UøVÈ_•ƒ#.RnVW XYZ2^_ƒ]cZ˜%8<;´PQR¹¬nC…D3A—cZ$ÊË R4586g|CZŠ/g†Û…nDDAR˜./ANn§^/D\_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

40


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

!ý6Å/C…$€ƒ§Ÿ?@AN®A&¿Gs3ÖŒR˜?D_^—$ %¢çRD3—ŒR˜?D[0^Ðg$CWA€°U†Û…nZD^D. /AID˜æç?GÀD…D3_ !•Ž\n™#^ИšÁ2–R4586UÂÜC$ t"8ŒgC…¶] …Dš_

ÃNêÄ !h^_UÉZh„Ÿ#icZlèJ#i–RA¡Ÿ0°R‰š3_ ^Ì ˜çÅg¬šèa”š$ „èœ-^ÌGÆÖ]^ªßOFÝScZ¸ýJ FŽ_

ÃtÅÄ !®Ÿ›gãC…D3A˜€°n…†nkO_ ¬æÇ]E]^+OA™# ^Ðn$YÕ1º®Ahli_CWU†Û…nZ\À:˜[0^ÐRæ‰ Œ…}CD_ õdaa` # `d ¾Ÿš!©šB\ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

41


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

§@§<†‡~ˆG„[§,Xe¼æ0ÁÐÍÎ@YWZjZÂ

!à±A4567869$:;<:;4567$=>& Ajk°mU‰D …˜$?2ª2Aw•mcZÈɨ3/$`aa †°$d§a †°$®a †°/ DÖ2…D3_–^$OP4j²;7•6}•$ÊU<Rw•ˆ2…D3 mgaÖÕ3/ŠAmËG¹‰ˆ23_

!íJ˜$šÉ4E6Fô•»A°§U[3$ú6<64567$:;< :;4567$4567869$›}~869A#Žw•ÇAa»gìC ^nARs3_ Š2U[½OŽ:;ùƒA°§C^'…œ6Ì•ø]AÁ Ÿ•‚õ#Žw•ÇùUìŒ3•DQg°§C^Jgp”^_ õJ d[d[`ù

ÁÐÍÎ

ÁÐjZÂ

?uz

z@z§vz z@z§zz

?nz ?§z

z@z?vz

?zz uz

z@z?zz

tz nz §z

z@zzvz

z

z@zzzz ۤ

€¦

€n

€v

€t

€y

€u

€€

zz

_åm`q

‚p[\]m^|q

?tz

z?

J §@§@?<*+,-K,LF“l”“l*+,-Fò,”,*+,-Fa\/K,L <<<<`0‚p[\]G„[§,Xe¼æ0ÁÐÍÎ@YWZjZÂ

ïø]Aqr/C…˜$ÁŸ•‚˜opqrG‹D…ìW$¾U daaa # UîoC^G$daa` #˜eNÍäÎçR˜D3nAA$•DQ˜¾Ð… D?DŠ/GÖc3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

42


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

§@¦<†‡#0b¼

!ØÙlQ;567îïUìŒ3jklA#—´äk('üIUѨ3î ï4dg‹íUì¨õJ d[®[`£ J d[®[dù _–^$jklA€æUѨ3î ï4dgJ d[d[® Uì¨_ ?z µ ?n 2 v`:

¦z 2j6 €`:

?v µ ?€ 2 ?t`:

6r# §€:

§v µ §€ 2 §¦`:

gr# n€:

"r# §§:

§z µ §n 2 ny`:

J §@¦@?<†‡#0‚c¯˜”j

J §@¦@§<†‡#0‡ƒ„Sw¯˜”j

*+,-K,L ?zz: *i,K,L

§y:

h,j—l

?t:

*a,

y:

¹0º

y: z:

§z:

nz:

tz:

uz:

?zz:

J §@¦@¦<A†‡#0cd@dŽZ³´me¹78fq m•qæ70±²Ug“l”“l*+,-FžŸ =•þö~gYh&u)n

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

43


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

ïÐ.AîïR˜$jklA¬Ï#—˜ d® éR$uE#— `— é$ul# — ®¦ é/D\4dG&Z2^_jklAuÐ/C…˜ `a bý da bGh iRs]^_–^$jklA¸–gæ3/$Q¸˜ §¥ °h § °õø]A ªÑùRsW$è/ç@Gâ¸Rs3Š/GÖc]^_

ïÐ.AîïR˜$jklA2A€æ/C…$4Ó6869$¿6ÃP; GXYZ2^_Š2˜$4567869G]ghUC…I34E6FRs W$4Ó6869$¿6ÃP;nŠ2UN®¨3nARs3Š/cZ€æ /¨3°GD3/”Z23_

ïXÅAŠ/˜$QN{jAjklUnÚšæZ2$øÒ:ü;7?@n ¯Ö23Š/Gs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

44


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

§ ;<¬-ŽZ*+,-.,/G†‡#@VYQ

§@n<’G7

<M“4567‘6~A„•¼½/C…$jklU[3%<’PQ$N¯ l¥A¶·./D\¹ºcZ’“C…D3/ŠSns3G$?A2AW& /C…˜$ØÙl3As×U[3X’/$[\]3G4567‘6~g4 E6F<’/C…/Z”$`a<’_U[]…'bcdgXZ]^W$Ç È^¸_gJ3?@$VW•UX’C…D3sGÚšæZ23_ !–^$4567869$:;<:;4567?@A4E6FÁŸ•‚˜ opqrG‹D…ìW$jklAmnopqrUs3/D”3_ !ŠAŠ/˜$4567869$=>&$:;<:;4567/D]^jk ˜$¡?3f6Å•?nAR˜?š$BCDã:•A%4E6F./C… †‡R•3sí/?3/”Z2$%jkA¼½Gefˆ2…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

45


9 ¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼ !"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

¦@?<†‡6lmZWU0nop@VYQ

!ØÙlGjkXŒGg¨3Š/U‰D…@A[\U†ÄC…D3c/D \4d˜‹íA®WRs3_õJ ®[`[`ù

tº@WU P)ihY §z:

WUPQ– qrhY ??:

UÓXsW UP)ih Y t€:

J ¦@?@?<†‡#0WU0nop

ïJ ®[`[` [W$jklA/2GŒGgC…C–\cnC2?D/D\† Ägx]…D3Š/cZ$ŒGgCœ¨DjkRs3Š/GÖc3_

ï%ŒGgC…nc–Ö?D. $ %R•21ŒGgC^š?D./D\jk lU‰D…˜$ŒGg¨3/D\áâ¸Gs]…n$jk[]g|CZq rUsW$ óE‹XUjkUìhU?]…C–\/ŒGgC…C–\áâ ¸Glš?3/¹‰ˆ23_

ï‹X[W$ØÙlGŒGgC…C–\á⸘ØÙl[¿Uns3^ Û$ØÙlGÞ(gC?D[\Uè8R•3ß¼°–^˜:;47<~ ã6AɱGÛsU?]…š3/”Z23_–^$ŒÓFU2AØÙl

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

47


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

/AÔÇgÕ$[\UØÙlĄgÂÞC…Â~•6;g,%U¨3Û sGs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

48


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

¦@§<*+,-.,/G*-÷,-U0WU•-”žw0Ølup0vw

!k('üIA>DU[3ŒGJ7<fIA¼i0gæ3^Û$4567 ‘6~u/47{67UìD…ŒGgC^ƒFAk('üIg$ à±Ak ('üI–U§C^4d˜‹íA®WRs3_õJ ®[d[`$J ®[d[dù ?zz: gr#

"r#

6r#

uz: tz:

nz: §z:

z: g r # m

" r # m

6 r # m

Y Y :

J ¦@§@?<WU0xyGWU=P)m0£…0‡ƒ„Swm*+,-.,/³q

?zz: gr#

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: g r # m

" r # m

6 r # m

Y Y :

J ¦@§@§<WU0xyGWU=P)m0£…0‡ƒ„Swm*-÷,-q Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

49


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

ïø]•Uæ…$ŒGA¼i0/C…$óÒU#$lUìŒ3ŒGA¼i 0GlD_CcC$k('üIGXG3/$ŒGA¼i0Glš?]…D 3A˜$O5SAlDkgï&¨3ÒUŒGA¼i0Glš?W$ŒGg Cœ¨š?3/”Z23_

ïJ ®[d[` /J ®[d[d g)*¨3/$47{67[Wn4567‘6~u AßG$k('üIg¹Ö;$ŒGA¼i0GEš?]…D3_ŠAŠ/ ˜$jklU4567‘6~õ"Ù<’ùg놨3Š/U[]…$jk lAøø¸gÙšR•3/D\¼½A¬‰U?3/D”3_

!nU$2°GsÖRŒGJíîJŒçc?@A7<fIU‰D…AQ; 5674dgnoUì¨_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

50


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

?zz: gr#

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: º g r #

º " r #

º 6 r #

( T ~

Y Y :

J¦@§@¦<*+,-.,/³UzÓ)WU•'(Wþ&{0-”žw0º»G¹0_å

?zz: gr#

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: º k* |+ |

, $ ~

B ; ^

¹ 0 º

Y Y :

J ¦@§@n<*-÷,-UzÓ)WU•'(•Wþ&{0-”žw0º»G¹0_å

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

51


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

ïJ ®[d[®$J ®[d[— [W$4567‘6~uUìD…˜$ %2°GsÖR ŒGJíîMA7<fIG¼iC^c²./D\A¹Ų3.5R˜ø ]•U%DD”.GÚc]^_‰–W$4567‘6~uUìD…˜$2 °/×ç—ŒGJŒçcJíîM˜R•UšDŠ/GÖc3_?2UÌC$ 47{67R˜$®¯°$•Ý]/D]^.5G&“Ð$ØÙlcZæ…$ ¢äŸ/C…˜ØÙG[š?DŠ/GÖc3_

ïJ ®[d[— [W$¾U$47{67R˜$#$lAu$¥—Ñ G%DD”. /.5C…D3AUÌC$hJX$l˜?2ª2 ®®Ñ$dªÑ /Ÿ™C…D 3_Š2˜$#$lGžŸM$)*•žD4~64As3›RîïC…D 3564GæZ23AUÌC$hJX$lR˜®¯°GD3NóAúû$ À¨WMgÂ~•6;bÖWU¢çRD3564GÚš$ 2°/×木 D©ªUD3Š/GÚDcZRs3_

ï–^$47{67RAŒGJ´ä7<fIG¼iC…D3UnÑÖZ ;$jklG47{67R¢k¨3Š/cZ$47{67RÂ~•6;A bÙÚ/?]…D3úû$9:AÀ¨W?@gýCšîïC$?2g4 567‘6~õ"Ù<’ùUÚÙˆÕ…DšŠ/R$jklU/]…n¢ kCœ¨DØÙgV”3Š/U?W$47{67RAŒGJ´ä7<fI gŸ™R•3AR˜?Dc/”Z23_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

52


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

¦@¦<*+,-.,/•è*-÷,-U0WU•-”žw0‚ƒ

!ŒGJ7<fIAsÖ/?3síU‰D…AQ;5674dg‹íUì ¨_õ`m.5á$J ®[®[`ù !

?zz: .,/³ *-÷,-

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: £ … U y † P )

ˆ / U j • ‡ i l h h Y “ k

ˆ / •j i‡ hl Yˆ ‰ U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YW ª U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YŒ ¸ U

$ Š U • i h Y

º º ~ ~ 0 U U @ Ž ‹ i Y { Œ Z Z U h • • þ ª

º ~ G ˜ V & Z

º ~ G 0 W þ &

~ U H Y

¹ 0 º

J ¦@¦@?<WU•-”žw0‚ƒGhZµ„0vwm!"#¼æq

”¹0º•0…® &°GÚDõ‘6~uù Û•c.5mA`¢ÑgÜÛ…D^AR$ŒGJ7<fIAsÖ/?3sí A¬‰/C…VWXY^_ &JK6G[š?Dõ‘6~u$47{67ù

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

53


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

ï”?ŒGAsÖ/C…˜%[0GÞ(gC^./D\síG”sÖ/ ?]…D3G$4567‘6~uR˜%Â~•6;A<ôG[š?D./ D\síG`ªÑnÜÛ…D3_Š2˜$Â~•6;gØÙC…Dš\ÐU Â~•6;GÝš?W$ÞG§…•^W$@AU[]…˜

-G’Z‰D

…C–]^W¨3Š/GsW$ØÙlg¶·UˆZC…D3sÖ/?3_ Â~•6;A<ôFU$"c•?ÄÃgß]^W$N;´K;4gèe• U¯\?@GÛsU?]…š3/”Z23_

ï–^$4567‘6~uAŒGJ7<fIAsÖ/C…%°GÚD.Š /GXYZ23_Š2˜$ %?A2.AW&RunÚc]^.5RsW$à {6.5Rs]^UnÑÖZ;$ØÙlø]A`¢ÑnÜÛ…D3_à±A ÌàÁ/C…˜“•FŽgDš‰cAÂ}•6;U0Œ…ØÙlgFŽ– U0ÓˆÕ3/D\%Â}•6;G.GsW$QN{jR˜¨RUŠAG SgVWY2…D3[\Rs3_ õyb[Lyd('(©yKaXyz©ã–^$šÉR n$W†•Q~•6;4E6F‘6~ y(Xw R8Yˆ2…D3_

!–^$ŒGJ7<fIAsÖ/?3síU‰D…$k('üI–Uæ^ 4dgnWUì¨_õ`m.5á$J ®[®[d$J ®[®[®ù

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

54


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

?zz:

gr#

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: £ … U y † P )

ˆ / U j • ‡ i l h h Y “ k

ˆ / •j i‡ hl Yˆ ‰ U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YW ª U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YŒ ¸ U

$ Š U • i h Y

º º ~ ~ U 0 @ U ‹ Ž Y i Œ { Z Z h U • • ª þ

º ~ G ˜ V & Z

º ~ G 0 W þ &

~ U H Y

¹ 0 º

J ¦@¦@§<*+,-.,/³@YWZWU•-”žw0‚ƒGhZµ„G¹0_å <<<<m‡ƒ„Sw¯q

?zz:

gr#

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: £ … U y † P )

ˆ / U j • ‡ i l h h Y “ k

ˆ / •j i‡ hl Yˆ ‰ U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YW ª U

ˆ / •j i‡ hl YŒ ¸ U

$ Š U • i h Y

º º ~ ~ U 0 @ U ‹ Ž Y i Œ { Z Z h U • • ª þ

º ~ G ˜ V & Z

º ~ G 0 W þ &

~ U H Y

¹ 0 º

J ¦@¦@¦<*-÷,-@YWZWU•-”žw0‚ƒGhZµ„G¹0_å <<<<m‡ƒ„Sw¯q

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

55


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

ïJ ®[®[d$J ®[®[® [W$#$l$X$lUæZ23$47{67RAŒ GJ7<fIAsÖ/?3sí/C…%2°/µ‰c3. %2°/AŒç c.GXYZ23G$h$lUÑC…˜¾U.5G?c]^_Š2U‰D …˜$h$l˜$4567‘6~AÂ~•6;gÛ\k(G¿U8•$4 567‘6~gØÙ¨3564GÚD/¹‰ˆ23_ 4567‘6~A ~•6;G–—Û”3'üIU³C…D?D#$lG47{67RîïC …D3ÒU$ %®¯°./µ‰c3?@A7<fIGRŠ]…D3_Š2 ˜$ 4567‘6~uUs3Â~•6;Gs3ÒSAk('üIgsJ¨ 3nAGÚDAR$#$lG?c?cÛ\Š/GOCš$s3ÒS¬-4 ~64As3žŸ?@gØÙC…D3ÒUR•37<fIRs3/”Z 23_ ÏÛ^1cWA#$lRns3ÒSÛ”3Â~•6;g,%¨3Š /nÛsRs3_

ïX$lU‰D…˜$ 4567‘6~AÂ~•6;U¸•g+O3?@A ¼½U[W$47{67R¢kC$ %®¯°. %•Ý]./7<fIGR• …D3/”Z23_4567‘6~AÂ~•6;A>?g‘”^W$ ~•6;A,%g‘”3?@Aèe•?{€16QInÛs/ˆ2…D3 /D”3_

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

56


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

¦@n<gr#0WU@VYQ

!#$lGŒGgCœ¨D/I\c/D\¹DU‰D…îïC^4d˜‹ íA®WRs3_õJ ®[—[`ù y78 n: YY: §v:

gY y?: J ¦@n@?<gr#0WU@dŽZ±²Ö×

ï4567869UÑC…˜$#$lAŒGGÚD/}”3_–^$h$ lnjkAá2U[WŒGg¨3$/D\Ãæns]^_

ï#$l˜jkU?2…D3?D^Û$ŒÓ¨3.mGÚš$Â~•6; A@AU[]…˜ŒGASaDn€•š?3_ õs”1$¾;~{67R Üg@‰?@˜*½U¶·ù[]…$jkUHC^Â~•6;A’»´ä @AgÂÞ¨3Š/GrsRs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

57


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

¦ ;<*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q0kµ¼

¦@v<’G7

<4567‘6~/47{67R˜$ŒGJ7<fIA¼i0GC?W$ 4567‘6~uUìD…˜$ŒGJŒçcJíîM˜R•UšDG$4 7{67R˜$®¯°$•Ý]/A7<fIœ$ŒGA¼i0nlš?] …D3_[]…$47{67R˜ØÙlcZæ…$¢äŸ/C…˜ØÙG [š?DŠ/GÖc]^_ !CcC$47{67RAŒGJ´ä7<fIG¼iC…D3UnÑÖZ ;$jklG47{67R¢k¨3Š/cZ$jklU/]…$|CD/ +O3$jkUHC^Â~•6;AbÖW/?3MNOGs3/”Z 2$47{67RÂ~•6;AbÙÚ/?]…D3úû$9:AÀ¨W? @gýCšîïC$?2g4567‘6~õ"Ù<’ùUÚÙˆÕ…Dš Š/R$jklU/]…n¢kCœ¨DØÙgV”3Š/U?W$47 {67RAŒGJ´ä7<fIgŸ™R•3AR˜?Dc/”Z23_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

58


<9•;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼ !"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@?<*+,-.,/0&CÍÎ@VYQ

!daa` #à±$M“4567‘6~AŒÇ-V˜‹íA®WRs3_? ì$ %©—(©yKaXyz©.´ä%äâä'-qw,y-')w+q.˜•ŽU[34567 ‘6~rs/C…–•¨3_õ

—[`[`£'

—[`[dù

Ù n@?@?<*+,-.,/0&CŠ–Gä&CŠ–

*+,-.,/

&CŠ–— ä&CŠ–—

2i34*+,-.,/ ÇáÙÚÛ%¾Ì

?u€ ¦tz

¦u{zzz ?uz{zzz

ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì

vzz

v§{zzz

âãßÁäåæçè ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/

tzz t¦y

vz{vzz ¦§v{zzz

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð

tyz

?{?zz{zzz

*+,-*ù,*yyz "pÁ*+,-K,LÐ

yyz uzz

yyz ?§{zzz

×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ

u¦n

?vt{uvy

ÇÈÁ PYö˜÷.,/

uyv ?{zzz

§{t§v ?§t{zzz

1ßàá¾Ì

?{§zz

n?n{zzz

ôUõ¾Ì ýþÿð!¾Ì

?{yyz §{zzz

?{§¦z{zzz §¦z{zzz

…'(Á)*+,-¾Ì

n{yvz

?§z{¦zz

v{zzz ?z{zzz §y{zzz

?n{vzz uz{zzz

?{zzz ?{nzz

?{nzz

é™ëìäå¾Ì Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ Â/jÃl*ƒ,„¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ OP-••‘•™š•›œ`ª•›• š’š`-••‘•-`ª•›• — “•g˜

Ù n@?@§<*+,-.,/G¹0º0*ƒ,„Œ•0&CÍÎ0vwmÆ©ãüÀ¾Ìq

®e‚ –Í*Ê,H®6ÏÐ !ÑÐ h\],Ð

?€€n‚ ›ä ?€€§‚ ?€uy‚

*+,-.,/

?€€n‚

&CŠ–— ?¦{n€? ?t{u¦? §n{§yu §y{tnz

Œ•!"f•†‡

;<

–Í* h\],F”˜œ, !Ñ h\],

?zŠÊ,-

t¦y *+,-K,LF“l”“l*+,-

— “•g˜

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

60


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ïŒÇ-VU‰D…˜$øM“4567‘6~A¬Ï˜ d£¦¢a -Rs3 G$¾sõ`a£aaa -‹XA¸7ùg¬Œ1$¬Ï `£dd— -/?]…D3_ CcC$“•ˆ2…D34567‘6~Au׌Ç-V˜`¦ª-$u€Œ Ç-V˜ d¢£aaa -/ŒÇ•‚ATWãGžDŠ/cZ$Hp?ŒÇ•‚ Gè–3Š/˜?D/IÖ23_‰–W$4567‘6~˜=Î?ŒÇ• ‚UÌÚR•$î¸GlD/}”3_à©/C…˜$

—[`[` [W$d`

7õ¾sgÕZùh `— 7G$`aaa -‹í/?]…ìW$ו‚Aã:• GÚD/D”3_

ï

—[`[d [W$4567‘6~˜2A4E6F<’/)£…$ŒÇ•‚

G*Ó•U׈D_Š2˜$´€4$´µ$¿}j6/D]^4E6Fg ¯\ÒU¾67-VU•èGs3Š/cZ$ s3ÒSŒÇgÙš¨3Ûs Gs3AUÌC$4567‘6~˜4E6FA¾¸XA•èG?š$Ùš R•3ŒÇ•‚GpU×èˆ2…n$ ?AŒÇUa]^ŽR[½U’»R •3cZRs3_

ïŠAŠ/cZ$4567‘6~˜$¶É<’uA¢€Ç?@gØÙ¨3 Š/GR•3AR`a_Cœ¨š$ ?2U[3'bcdGefR•3/ ”Z23_

<

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

61


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@§<*+,-.,/01•••è1•¸>³p

!%4567‘6~AX’°´äX’ôegŒÇ-V/aÖÕ…‹íUì ¨_õ

—[d[`ù

Ù n@§@?<A*+,-.,/0&CŠ–G1•¸>³p•è1••

*+,-.,/

&CŠ–— 1•¸>³p 1••——

2034*+,-.,/ íîÁäåÛ%Ð ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì 0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì âãßÁäåæçè ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð 56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð *+,-*ù,*yyz "pÁ*+,-K,LÐ ×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ PYö˜÷.,/ 1ßàá¾Ì ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ýþÿð!¾Ì

?u€ §uz ¦tz ¦yv vzz tzz t¦y tvz tyz yyz uzz u¦n uyv ?zzz ?{§zz ?{yyz §{zzz

…'(Á)*+,-¾Ì ëìäå¾Ì

n{yvz v{zzz

t`Ÿ´ ¦`Ÿ´

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/

?z{zzz

¦`Ÿ´

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ

§y{zzz

n`Ÿ´

yz{zzz

?{zzz ?{nzz

§`Ÿ´

?{zzz ¦{vzz

OPŽOaQRÅabO š’š`-••‘•-`ª•›•

v`Ÿ´ €`Ÿ´ ¦`Ÿ´ ?u`Ÿ´ ?`Ÿ´ ?`Ÿ´ ??`Ÿ´ v`Ÿ´ §`Ÿ´ t`Ÿ´

v`Ÿ´

vzz vzz t{y§z ?{v¦z ?{vzz u§? §zz §{§v¦ §{zzz §€z nzz n{uzz yyv §v{zzz n{zzz vz ?z{nvz §{zzz

— “•g`˜ —— “•g`ž|

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

62


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ïôreŽU‰D…˜$ øM“4567‘6~A¬Ï˜§[—ä¾Rs3G$ ! J —[d[` [W$ŒÇ-VUHZ;$`§ 7õ•c.5mùh `d 7Gmä¾ ‹uUwåC…D3_4567‘6~GMÓ?@A8«<’/C…X’ˆ 23Ò$n/n/•-z1ˆ2…D3ŒÇRz1A>?G4567‘6~ UHC…D3Ÿa˜$z1ôrAÛs˜?š$ôreŽ˜[WLš?3/ ”Z23_4567‘6~A<ôUõÖ3°OU[21$ôreŽ˜¬ Ï•U `ä¾ÒS/DÖ2…D3_

ïôr°ÙA¬Ï˜ ®£§—® †«õ•c.5m `¦ 7$Q~•6;4E6F ‘6~W†g¬šù/?]…ìW$ŒÇ-VG `aaa -‹íA‘6~õ• c.5m `` 7ùAôr°¬Ï˜ `£¢`— †«/?]…D3_

ïôr°ÙU‰D…˜$•-z1A•Þ´ä?A>?$Â~•6;A>?$ Â~•6;A@AU[]…næGs3/IÖ23_ôr°ÙGu×Rs3 A˜À“Z[´MÓR$ôr°Ù˜§a†«Rs3_Z[´MÓ˜ÇöAj klGMÓ3/ÍçC$MÓuU[0^ÐRÂ~•6;g’%C…D3A R$@A/C…˜<ôGÁ5?%v.R‰šZ2…ìW$•-˜¶ÉAM ÓA•-g?A––«Ù¨3Š/R°Ùgu×HUè”…D3_–^$T ~†éMÓR˜$ôr°Ù˜ —£¦aa †«RsW$ŒÇ•‚/æaÖÕ…n Úšcc]…D3G$Š2˜$Â~•6;A@AG%¾;~{67.Rs] ^W$•-z1g¯\?@U[W#e°Ù/C…Úšcc]…D3_ŠA [\U$=Î?67U[Wôr°Ù˜€•šC?]…D3G$4567 ‘6~A<ôUõÖ3°OU[21$¬Ï•U `£aaa -R `£aaa †«ÒS Rs3/DÖ2…D3_

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

63


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@¦<*+,-.,/0Œ•fg

!%4567‘6~A<’Ž¶U‰D…ýCšîïC^4dg‹íUì¨_ õ

—[®[`ù

Ù n@¦@?<A*+,-.,/0Œ•fg•èºŒ•À &Œ•

*ƒ,„Œ•

¹0º0Œ•

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ

¾Ì

H®6L,l—FH®6ÏЗ mh\],FÍj-K,whçq

×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ

¾Ì

é™ëìäå¾Ì

¾Ì

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/

&Υ

—§zz¦‚ßà µ‚

š,SaÎ,ÐF*–, –Í*Ê,-F˜”lLF\ûÏÐ [Fæç¼FTî¼

æçè

½“lÂ÷,¾mš*+\-Ê, -Fš„,K,wÊ,-F¿ÑF •„“w,lm\û0Ç š-œl-lÊ,-FÀÁ§zuz (qFj§È,¼FÉÊ ÁqFÂüF-„,Íl˜w, ¼FË̼ lFTî¼ÄÅ:¼Fj÷,/” “œl˜FÆ*Ð

ôUõ*+,-.,/

¾Ì

~ÿ¶FS·¾ÌF¤¥ ÝšŠÝÊ,-F¤\+,÷l/{– Œ•m`Ê–,[qF Í*Ê,š,SaÎ,¨°*F¸ ¹º»

*+,-*ù,*yyz

¾Ì

+ÑÊlœ£,jÃl¾¿:Ò

ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/

¾Ì

âãßäåæçè

ýþÿð!¾Ì "pÁ*+,-K,LÐ …'(Á)*+,-¾Ì

-“„0Ï•ªÐ]L

Ó6†‡Ðm•ÜÜÔ-”\/F h\],F”˜œ,qFH®6Ï ÐF–Í*Ê,-F!ÑÐ ¾Ì !ÑÐ ¡¢ £¤¥>?Ð £¤¥>?Ð ¾Ì

1ßàá¾Ì

��Ì

•,w£,•lF–Í*Ê,-F h\],ÐF!ÑÐF.æçèF ¤¥Œ•Fx¦Â-”/ Â*„›\/£,•lF„lkh jÃl “/w

2i34*+,-.,/

¾Ì

“Sl-ÏÐF~¸à áFK,L°©,/F¡ ¢

ÇÈÁ

¾Ì

éèuw³„l•m~¸¬¹ -qFÂ*„›\/F.k,´w a§l•Ð jÐ

ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì

¾Ì

¾ÌÏÐFäåæçèF(³©Î •,wFчÐ

ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì

;<

¾Ì

§ö’-•¨©ª«F¬ lÏÐm-¶•\a`F ®S"¾¿`Fê¯L`F K,L°©,/m™0à *q±O$`•-“„¦² L`q

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

64


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð ¾Ì

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

„lkwh“/÷l˜F•,wF a§l•Ð H®6Û%ÐFh\],Ð Ó6†‡ÐF!ÑÐF(³•, wF–Í*Ê,-FáâÐ !ÑÐF•,wßà„\-´wj ÐFH®6ÏÐFj\-hwÊ, ¾¿ÏÐ -

íîÁäåÛ%Ð

¾Ì

0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ

¾Ì

ðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð

¾Ì

Û%Ðm!Ñ•Íj-K,wq

OP-••‘•ª•›•

¤¥Œ•

•,w£,•lFK°÷l˜ÐF L”“žjÂk, –Í*Ê,-Fj\-hwÐ

!"!#$%&'#()%*$ &Œ• R@_@‰@Q@`ÅabO`Q^O×^ 5Ø ÙÐ*a,ÐÚÛ³„l• *a,Ð Ÿ•ªÝ•.,Ÿ•qFd*+,-.,/0ÆGPQÀÇÕÖ žšš’Œ•`Þ%<ŽOaQRÅabO [\%

ï

ÐÜ@•ª (6

—[®[` [W$ê@AM“4567‘6~G8«<’/C…X’ˆ2…

ìW$?2U[3'bcd$<’uA^k¸MgefC…D3_

ï4567‘6~˜$2A4E6F<’/A`a_—ŒR?š$ž¨<’ œ$„è$w•<$O‘67?@$=Î?<’/A`a_n”Z23_ _®R˜$ €§•6}|;µê6IuA8«<’/C…4567‘6~g X’¨3?@ArsGæZ23_Š2˜$AëØ2A›DObUÌC$… †gìc3bÖWU4567‘6~g’%C$ …†g?ŠR¢1Õ?GZ ›DOg|CçRnZ\/D\nARs3_ šÉU˜–—Š\D]^rs ˜™?DG$4567‘6~G`a_Cœ¨DhR$4E6F<’‹®A `a<’rs/C…Ä&ˆ23/ŠSRs3_

!yb['Lyd('(©yKa'Xyz©'…„'£w™…B*+„…w!äKõa'=šw£©äu

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

65


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

àÜ>Æ<+ÑjÃ\¥l˜ã,wG*+,-.,/0e匕>Æ <<<<<åaæŽ`ŽOaQR`ÅabO`ŒŠ`ç•‹Œ¬š›ŠŒ• !AëRí2^ÒU$…†g4567‘6~R¢1Õ…ì•$ö£˜›D Og¨3/D]^á÷›A´2nd^C…D3_ Ù n@¦@§<Œ•äµ

EL

§z`猑¢`ž‹ œ@`]•-‘{`ž‹œ’@a`P`Ž‘•@§ ^›•Š’•{`ça`€§utu èé Ÿy?n¡yt€P¦uzz €b• ~‘‘ª©••êêê@ •Š-@¡š‹ &Œ• jÃ\¥l˜ã,w<”Q}R`ž•^çO• Dó%m?zzj6qF³,lˆlk,Fô4è ºŒ• Ÿ¦z¡F„*-”lFA¥Ð ®e‚ ?€€u‚<??´ demp ?z©zzK§¦©zz ˆ\jÃl‰ †‡ëG0EÕ…W žŸ `šŠ‹¢ ì•™í2<€©zzK§¦©zz 2í2<y©zzK€©zz Œ•ÍÎ n{§y€˜<¹îí?z@n‹ •òjÃ\•x-m„lkwfq AÊ,*0Œ•Š–Gˆ/jÃl0ˆ‰ (Ü*-÷,-Ê,* t{zzz`-ï@`¬‘@mvvy˜q Êl/÷,nt{zzz`-ï@`¬‘@m?{uv€˜q ™F*+,-”“ðÀÁxgú#"Ê,* ŸÅ••P]••`a›••¡ ˆ/jÃl0•« Êlœ•,wFK°wFš,›]w”l• m]õ§n@n‹F}g[öqFœÍ”l•m]õx?u@¦‹{ }õx?@u‹qF/©,k,F¨lL„,wF¥” œ\LFšl/F€\• Œ•ñò

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

66


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@n<!"#&'()*+,-.,/U!"P)Yø•

<4567‘6~RØÙC^DÔâU‰D…Aîï4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ —[—[`$•c.5m —¢ °ù

nz

¦y ¦¦

¦v

xþ78¹

¦z §v §z ?v

?z

u v

v

§

¦ z

z £ % [ \ ø

ù ú h ç = \ Z \ %

* ƒ | „ j ‡ û •

¤ ¥ Œ •

º 0 * ƒ | „ Œ •

¾ ü è é

¹ 0 º

ý – h i Q Y Y

J n@n@?<*+,-.,/@÷u)'!"P)Yø•@dŽZ±²Ö×

”¹0º•0…® •6I$…Å$•œ¢6M

ïJ—[—[`[W$ %[Ìw•Ô. %úî?@g•3•<.Gø]A¢ªÑ$¢aÑ gÜÛ…D3Š/cZ$ØÙlGØÙCœ¨DÔâ/D”3_

ï–^$ %4E6F•6}•.UÑC…˜ø]A d§Ñ gÜÛ…D3_”< ’G4E6F•6}•R$4567‘6~G8«<’Rs3Ÿa˜$s3 ÒSA'bcdgXZ\Š/GR•3/D”3_–^$4E6F•6}•

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

67


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

RŠIN}7$•ú´~ã6?@AÕUAw•J';ãIg¯D$jkl AøøÌAg¨3Š/nR•3_

ï–^$ %ž¨<’.UÑC…˜$4567‘6~A<’•‚U[W$: ü;7J€ƒ?@g¯\ÒU$øt%ÇcZ(]g0µŠ/GR•3_Š AÒU$%ž¨<’.Gs3/$€•‚?€ƒg„ÆCœ¨D_

ï%2A4E6F<’.UÑC…˜$<45}7¾67?@nsG]…D 3_–^$`a<’U[W$2A4E6FAjklGÑigx]^W$ó ÒU4567‘6~gØÙ¨3?@A'bcdGs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

68


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@v<sЦ@VYQ

!4567‘6~AYŸQU‰D…˜$‹íA®WRs3_ õ

—[§[`£'

—[§[dù

&ÞQ‘6~¤`¦ 7!!!•Q‘6~¤® 7õ

®—` ïãù

Ù n@v@?<x¦.,/0¦ÿ@VYQ

*+,-.,/…$

¦ÿ‰p

¦ÿ

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/ŸaŽÅ^¡ ˆ\jÃl‰— À%tvz|µ€zz| Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ À2& À%¦zz|<."5l?zz|<'(5Sy¦ 56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð mp& íØ•À%§zz|<."5l?zz|<®Sy¦ OPŽOaQRÅabO š’š`-••‘•-`ª•›•

À2& À2&

À%?{zzz| À%?{vzz|

— ˆ\jÃl‰²demp=YiV&0ˆ\jÃl@…WQ¦ÿ=•‚ŽZ‰p <aŽÅ^ UgFÀ2=•ˆ\jÃl@…WQYZ

Ù n@v@§<>Ʋˆ\jÃl‰0¦ÿ<Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/ÄaŽÅ^Æ

À<<<% +<~

5<l

T<<<^ .<~

+<~

8æŸ:~@VÓ¡

5<l

.<~

+<~

5<l

.<~

ˆ\jÃl)

<tvz| <vvz| <nzz|

<`¦vz|

<`¦zz|

<`§zz| <vzz| <nzz| <¦zz|

ˆ\jÃl*

<tvz| <vvz| <nzz|

<`¦vz|

<`¦zz|

<`§zz| <vzz| <nzz| <¦zz|

ˆ\jÃl+

<€zz| <yvz| <tzz|

<`nvz|

<`nzz|

<`¦zz| <yzz| <tzz| <nvz|

ˆ\jÃl,

<€zz| <yvz| <tzz|

<`nvz|

<`nzz|

<`¦zz| <yzz| <tzz| <nvz|

¼ˆ\jÃl,P

§{zzz| ?{tzz|

)*ˆ\jÃl,P

?{zzz| <uzz| <tzz|

<`vzz|

<`nzz|

<`¦zz| <yvz| <tzz| <nvz|

*+ˆ\jÃl,P

?{§zz| ?{zzz| <uzz|

<`tzz|

<`vzz|

<`nzz| <€zz| <yvz| <tzz|

+,ˆ\jÃl,P

?{nzz| ?{§zz| <€zz|

<`yzz|

<`tzz|

<`nvz|

7¹&m::7…q

?{§zz|

?{zzz| <`uzz|

<`tzz|

?{vzz|

?{§zz| <€zz|

?{zvz| <€zz| <yzz|

6Yÿ]@:Ü=.mQv)]

Ý&´j÷,&

<<

<<<<<<<

<§z{zzz| ?t{zzz| ?§{zzz| <<<<< <<<< <

-&´j÷,&

<<<<< <<<<<<<

<¦z{zzz| §n{zzz| ?u{zzz| <<<<< <<<< <

:‚j÷,&

<<<<< <<<<<<<

<vz{zzz| nz{zzz| ¦z{zzz| <<<<< <<<< <

m!"²~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡Œ‘¢@š••¢•‹•@š••¢•‹•@#ª•‘š-~Œ•-•Œ•š¨•z?zuzušª•Š•ª›Œ¡•@~‘‹q

ïM“4567‘6~AQ-U‰D…˜$ÞQAnAGÚš$•QRnE Q-Rs3_ }Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

69


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@t<dempG/e^@VYQ

!4567‘6~A“•FŽ/\•]U‰D…Aîï4dg‹íUì¨_ õ

—[¥[`£'

—[¥[dã

Ù n@t@?<A*+,-.,/0demp•è/e^

*+,-.,/…$

demp

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/ÄaŽÅ^Æ

€©zzP§§©¦z

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ 1ßàá¾Ì íîÁäåÛ%Ð âãßÁäåæçè ëìäå¾Ì

/e^¹ ;< u

€©zzP?y©zz

Âwš“-;<F“l*-”/ k,=… v ¾ÌŒ•¼% ?v ?z n u

y•u´€©zzP?u©¦z

ýþÿð!¾Ì …'(Á)*+,-¾Ì ðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì *+,-*ù,*yyz "pÁ*+,-K,LÐ 2034*+,-.,/ ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì 0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/ PYö˜÷.,/

€©zzP§?©zzm"äx-q €©zzP§?©zz u©¦zP€©zzš›?z©zz €©zzP?t©¦z y•u´©`€©zzP?u©¦z §¦©zz’U u©zzP§?©zz €©zzP?€©zzm"äyPq £±å05P?zm67 £±å0 £±å0 £±å0 £±å0 £±å0m"äx-q £±å0m"ähPq 203&'28’U 203&'28’U 203&'28’U 203&'28’U

OPŽOaQRÅabO š’š`-••‘•-`ª•›•

?v©zzP§z©zzm"äx-q ?§©zzP§§©zzm"äx-q

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð

9A:…FÂwš“-•“l* -”/k,§z…ò,–,jÃl

§ z ò,]wmCü†‡#qUyz z jZl*U&C=23-Œ4 z z z z z z z z z z z § Âwš“§

Ù n@t@§<dempG/e^0xym¾d*+,-.,/q

¼¸¹ /e^x- /e^yP £±å0 mp‰1x-

?z¸ ?z¸

z¸ y¸

?z¸ ¦¸

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

70


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ïFŽGHg’Œ…D3›/[½Ö$C…D3›U0ŒZ23G$ "¬U •A?@Gs3Ÿa˜íîG§3Š/Gs3AR$ FŽGHg’Œ^ßG [D_ŒÇgÃD;4?@RÜ¥]…<ð¨3$ÿ˜Â~•6;UýD6 ;?@gcŒ$«ÙÍá/¨3_

ï:;47<~ã6g%D…D34567‘6~ns3_ ØÙlAk(r XUñò¨3/NU$ØÙlAøøg,ÞC^è8GR•3_–^$óï ?@g‹Œ^ØÙl˜{|6ã6U?Wœ¨DAR$ ØÙlAopU‰? G3_–^$4567‘6~ØÙlgoœ¨—ŒR?š$jklAVÈ$ ˆZU4E6FA¼½Un‰?G3/”Z23_

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

71


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@y<A¥ÐGA¥¦ÿ@VYQ

!4567‘6~AÕ•Ÿ/Õ•Q-UѨ3îï4dg‹íUì¨_ õ

—[¢[`$

—[¢[dù

Ù n@y@?<A¥ÐÍÎGA¥¦ÿ .,/…$

Œ•fg &CŠ– A¥@¹ ¦ÿ•;<

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/

&Υ

ýþÿð!¾Ì

ABΥ

§{zzz

ÑÒÓÔÕ&Ö¾Ì

ABΥ

vzz

2i34*+,-.,/

ABΥ

?u€

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ ABŒ•

§y{zzz

v?z y¦

?z{zzz

y{u´0¼2§zzz|F•µ-Q1´0D2E y€ ?vzz|F•µ-´•1´0F2•:ܵݴ 0¼2?zzz| ?¦z ?~õ¦zzC¦z‹ŒŠ@?zz ?vn µ?~¦zz|{?~µ?@v~nvz|{?@v~µtzz| ?€z §zz|•~

é™ëìäå¾Ì

ABΥ

v{zzz

¦zz y¦

âãßÁäåæçè

ABΥ

tzz

¦¦z y¦

ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/

ABΥ

?{yyz

?vz y¦

*+,-*ù,*yyz

ABΥ

yyz

§t y¦

ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/

ABΥ

t¦y

tzz y¦

"pÁ#Ó$%$&*+,-K,LÐ ABŒ•

uzz x-

…'(Á)*+,-¾Ì

ABΥ

n{yvz x-

1ßàá¾Ì

ABΥ

?{§zz

ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ

ABΥ

uyv

tz y¦

ÙÚÛ%¾Ì

ABΥ

¦tz

t¦z y¦

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð PYö˜÷.,/

ABΥ ABΥ

tyz ?{zzz

vzz y¦ ??€ y¦

×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ

ABΥ

u¦n

OPŽOaQRÅabO

ABΥ

?{zzz

?§z y¦

nz D"UghYÁd.,al˜ v y¦

Ù n@y@§<{Ð#0+,>?0_å

*+,-.,/…$ ôUõ*+,-.,/

{Ð#0+,>? ."¥ ?zz: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º

z: v:

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð ."¥

€v: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º

ëìäå¾Ì

."¥

€z: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º ?z:

HÛ˜÷.,/

."¥

€z: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º ?z:

ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ

."¥

yz: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º ¦z:

§z: ¾@+,ød ¦z: Gù0º vz:

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/

."¥

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ

›änIJ."¥GKrXZ

OPŽOaQRÅabO

."¥

€v: ¾@+,ød

z: Gù0º

v:

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

72


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ï4567‘6~A<’•‚$<’Ž¶õ”<’ *+ 8«<’ùU[]… Õ•Ÿ•‚G=ÎRs3G$M“4567‘6~AŸa$”UÀÁMÓ? @A8«<’U?]…D3AR$ ”<’AÕ•ŸgØÙC…D3Š/GÚ D_

ï

—[¢[` [W<’ØÙl˜$IÙ•RAôŸGÚDŠ/cZ$Õ•ŸA

ÙšGÛsRs3_

ïôõ_àMÓ4567‘6~R˜$ uTWÊcZöNRm0A›U‰% C…D3Š/cZ$MNÍ®ÔÑ?@GØÙˆ2…D3_

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

73


56789:;<=>?@AB@CDEFGHIJKL

M NO>?@AB@CDPQRSTUEFJVWX

M.YOZ[D\]^_`a

!"##$ %&'()*+,-./-01234567894:;<=>+ ,-./-0?@A1BC5DEFG4*H2;I7EJKLM:( N? OPEQ2/-0RS;<IT1(UVWH7:XYZE[G(\]LM *H^_7(`Tab;cde?fgEhi9MR?AS;< !jM(klmn0opq+r-s/-0tuvwxyA1z{|}-~?• €•‚ƒT4„…(5†‡€Rˆ‰2;Š‹E794:;<IIA1(Œ •ŽR€GiT(••q.‘’“8”R’•–a‚P;bX—<

b M.Y.4OcCdef>g@hB@CijklmnDopJq@rstuvb '''''''OOw233x y x z{Dstuv|

!"#$%&"'()#)*)+,'-)+.'()%,/)'0*"1.'2334

74


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@€<*+,-.,/0$Š•èˆ/jÃl0tLŠˆ‰@VYQ

!%4567‘6~A•-´ä>ô-A@AUѨ3îï4dg‹íUì ¨_õ

—[ª[`£'

—[ª[dã

Ù n@€@?<A*+,-.,/0$ŠGtLŠ0ˆ‰

*+,-.,/…$

ˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ Â*jMw-

*+,-”“-

×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ ëìäå¾Ì

Êl/÷,Êl/÷,-

Êl/÷,Êl/÷,-

Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/

Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,-

*+,-”“-F™FÂwœ

âãßÁäåæçè ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/

Â*jMwÂ*jMw-

Êl/÷,N

*+,-*ù,*yyz

Â*jMw-

™mÙŠgOP½\aNŽq

ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ýþÿð!¾Ì

Â*jMwFŽžò\/

Nmj?gSÍQq ™

"pÁ*+,-K,LÐ

Êl/÷,-

…'(Á)*+,-¾Ì 1ßàá¾Ì

Â*jMwÂ*jMw-

Êl/÷,Êl/÷,-

2034*+,-.,/

Êl/÷,-

N

ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì

Â*jMwÂ*jMw-•Êl/÷,-

Êl/÷,Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,-

ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì

Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,-

Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,-

56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð PYö˜÷.,/

Â*jMw-mÙŠgD"RSq TbÅ Êl/÷,Êl/÷,-

íîÁäåÛ%Ð

Êl/÷,-

0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ

Â*jMw-mÙŠ]”,RSq Êl/÷,-F*–l„*

ðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð

Êl/÷,-

OP-••‘•ª•›• š’š`-••‘•-`ª•›•

Â*jMwÂ*jMw-

Êl/÷,-

™•N *+,-”“-

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

75


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

Ù n@€@§<A*+,-.,/0$ŠGˆ/jÃl0tLŠ0ˆ‰m¼ §? ¸q

ˆ‰ $Š

¸¹

Â*jMw-

Êl/÷,FŽžò\/

?z ?

tLŠ Êl/÷,-

™ N

¦ n

*+,-”“-

§

TbÅ Âwœ

? ?

m•qe¹0ˆ‰=U"PQYZÐåge¹V3

ïø]/C…˜$•-UÑC…˜%Q4ÃÁI7. %¾;~{67. $Â~ •6;A>ô-A@AUÑC…˜%¾;~{67./D\.5GÚc] ^_

ï•-U‰D…˜$ %Q4ÃÁI7.U¨3Š/U[W$4567‘6~ gÕ•Ÿ?@UŒÙR•3_4567‘6~A•-/C…˜$Q4ÃÁI 7AŸa$¦Èã:•G×–CD_

ï%¾;~{67.AŸa˜$Â~•6;AN;´K;4GèaÛs?D AR$M“4567‘6~UìD…˜ÙDZ23564Go”…D3G$ jklAŒÓFAÔ÷˜2A@AU)£…ÂDAR$ ¾UÂ~•6;A’ »U,Þ¨3ÛsGs3_

ï%4567<:7.U‰D…˜$_®R˜4567‘6~œ€ƒ?@A Â~•6;>ô-U[š«Ùˆ2…D3@AR$ u"R˜šÉRnn¹U º´C…•…D3_šÉRAøù¸?@U‰D…˜–—îÒG?DG$Œ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

76


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ÓFAÔ÷G)*•ú™Rs3Š//$ û®RA«ÙGáâRs3Š/c ZÐt€•šÄ&ˆ23@ARs3_

!–^$%4567‘6~AÂ~•6;A>ô-A@A/$<’ØÙáâ jkUÑC…$ 4567‘6~Aå“l´ä<ô•l¥AþQ{;µîï g¯]^4dgnoU–/Û3_õ

—[ª[®ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

77


“W

xy

XYÒŽ‘

?z{zzz|•˜

?uzP½\jÎs?z¡‹F$p?v¡‹;

Êl/÷lS

NŽi‘m?@t{§@¦{¦@§{n@vq

<<m?u§€—€?n—?@tq?{zzz|•a

NŽmtzz—€?z—?@tqyzz|•a

fˆmy§—¦¦—nzzzquzz|•Þ

f ™GNŽ0"p |pGYrXQ YZ

݊

í

Êl/÷,-

(Ü0$Š Â*jMw-

f

IJ›f

f

f

ùL

¢Œ¸=²~UdÔwGUUÓZ

j(KyPU–Z[¼g \r'hY

¢IJ½l–¾l*j÷,¢Ž{ž{‰ŽmQ0†‡ºnf

¢RS0R-c:Ukµ

¢k•~

¢ˆ/jÃlG$Š0} Ç…g7iX÷UZ0 UF~YQ•Žhç0 ½l–¾l*µ

¢™0ˆ/jÃlG$Š 0}Ç…@NŽ=U"Ž ZGZ[¼¬

j€@ºŽZZ[¼Uí ihZ

¢RS0R-c:Ukµ ¢Œ¸=²~UdÔwGUUÓZ

`L

<

;<

¢qrs…Utx

¢uvwZ=U"ŽZwG–÷Z

¢Œ¸UxPYmDóe#@•Zq ¢o©yz=ŽZ

¢Ö¸•~

<<jhl¦,=&WZwG–÷Z

¢RSPhYGhPY

¢žŸ 0ù˜UÂeŽZmCw<q ¢¸ÐUgÕþQF‘CU±Ëf

¢žŸ 0ù˜UÂeŽZmCw<q

Žõ`Ž••‘•™š•›œm*+,-K,Lq žõ`žŸ mš“j/wã-/ò*q ‰õ`‰Š‹ŒŠ•`Ž••‘•m“l”“l*+,-q

¢w’7@½l–¾l* ¢Ž{ž{‰ŽmQ0†‡ºnf ™GNŽ0" =ŒŽwG@•-Z[¼ =ì)•ZwGUf• p|p

"

+

"

.

¤"•„“°-\É ¤]m0^_ ½l–¾l*

lS60•~ ¢‘õn@z¡‹`j6gkµ ¢ˆ/jÃl=ˆ%‘•ZwGU÷Zh ¢ƒ„k“•U¶’PY 'Fi‘@•~ j…†UUÓZ)7 ¢¤]m0^_U+ÓY ¢ÿëQ‡6YU¶’PY ¢!"#@g~âU÷Z

q‚ ¢A¥ÐC0¤"Uf•

—!"up@•Z

{õ¦@§{n@v<nz{zzz|•{

{õ§@¦<n§{zzz|•{

{õ?@t<nt{zzz|•{

ÿ]•æ–}“•æ–<zmy@uvq}“Wmnz{zzzµnt{zzz|q

NŽm·¦-¸•;’bq

m?§zz}§nzzq

b

Z[¼0vw—

¦@§‹‹’Uh'f "

Êl.£m?uzz—€zz—?§q?{zzz|•a€‹‹’Uh'f

*+,-”“- ?ax?zzLw

Êl/÷,-

Ù n@€@¦<*+,-.,/0$ŠGˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰@dŽZ€Â÷l˜Ö×


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@?z<‰w½\-••ò–/-Š"‡Ì@VYQ

!ŠIN}7J•ú´~7»Ùé±/$\•]A•ÞU‰D…Aîï4d g‹íUì¨_õ

—[`a[`'£ ø d` 7ù

Ù n@?z@?<‰w½\-••ò–/-Š"‡ÌG/e^0xy

Š"‡ÌxŠ"‡ÌyP ¸¹ /e^x /e^y ¸¹ /e^x /e^y ?y—

v

n

?

¦

— Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/g‰w½\-0ÕŠ"‡Ìx

ïø]Aqr/C…˜»Ù鱕W/¨3›GÚD_ \•]Gß¼C…D 3›R˜ÄÃ?@RÕUA»ÙgüC…D3G$ \•]GD?DÞ°‘6 ~R˜ýþU[3ÄÃgüC…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

79


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@??<A*+,-.,/0Œ•!"f•†‡@VYQ

!%4567‘6~A<’ØÙáâjkUѨ3îï4dg‹íUì¨_ õ

—[``[`ã

Ù n@??@?<A.,/0Œ•!"f•†‡Gˆ/jÃltLŠˆ‰

*+,-.,/…$

Œ•!"f•†‡

ˆ/jÃltLŠˆ‰

Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/¿ÀÄaŽÅ^Æ Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì ÙÚÁÛ%¾Ì ýþÿð!¾Ì *+,-*ù,*yyz ëìäå¾Ì âãßÁäåæçè 1ßàá¾Ì 0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/ "pÁ*+,-K,LÐ 2034*+,-.,/ ÉÊÀ˾ÌÍÎ,*ƒ,„ÏÐ PYö˜÷.,/ ãüÀ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ðñ¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð ×ØÁ*+,-K,LÐ …'(Á)*+,-¾Ì íîÁäåÛ%Ð 56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð

Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž{¤\+, Ž{‰{ž— Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰{ž Ž{‰ Ž{‰ Ž{‰ Ž{‰ Ž{‰ Ž—— Ž—— Ž—— ‰

*+,-”“*+,-”“-F™FÂwœ Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,Â*jMw-•Êl/÷,™ ™mÙŠgOP½\aNŽq Êl/÷,Êl/÷,Êl/÷,Êl/÷,-F*–l„* N

OPŽOaQRÅabO

Ž

™•N

—žõ¯@Œ•="~ ——‰{ž@dPQgq@‰1PQYhY

Žõ`Ž••‘•™š•›œm*+,-K,Lq ‰õ`‰Š‹ŒŠ•`Ž••‘•m“l”“l*+,-q žõ`žŸ mš���j/wã-/ò*q

Êl/÷,Êl/÷,Êl/÷,Nmj?gSÍQq Êl/÷,Êl/÷,Êl/÷,TbÅ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

80


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

ïê@A4567‘6~G4567869$=>&$:;<:;4567g ‹ŒY23]Gg/]…D3G$¬-R˜ =>& g¬šnAns3_=>& g‹ŒY23^ÛU˜$Â~•6;A@A$Ÿ8’»UÄè3ÛsGs 3_õÛ

—[ª[® ïãù

ï%jkU[]…HC^Â~•6;A¿: õs¤~Ä6ã6AŸa$‚ ÿ z?@ùGC?]…D3AR$¨£…AjkgkOÂ~•6;RV\Š /˜ØÙl3cZAÍMnR…•œ¨š?3_¼‰•U˜$%jkÝ/A žŽAÉæ0Œ?@g¯\Š/G×–CD/D”3_nCš˜$Â~•6 ;A’»FR˜¬jkUÌòg!W$•-$Â~•6;A@Ag?A2A jkn‹ŒY2Z23[\ÂÞC?GZX’C$ “•R˜?A2Ajkg ‹ŒY23/D\ßÁns3_ õs¤qÝûÁe"€®WMÓ$#ºÁ4 567869Ÿ £ l‡Á¼aåÌŸù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

81


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@?§<A†‡0mp¯0EÕ…W0xy@VYQ

!daa` #à±$ø…AM“4567‘6~U‰D…$jkÝ/UFŽ– AÉæ0Œg¯]…D3‘6~˜è/ç@?D_CcC$_®R˜Â} •6;GU[3jk–AÉæ0ŒG¯Ö2…D3snsWâyb[' Lyd( (©yKa'Xyz©£'_®rsïãù $ÐtšÉRn8Yˆ23Š/n”Z2 3_ !l‡Á¼aåÌŸR˜$4567869gÌò/C^<’U?]…ì W$4567869AjklGͱAFAæ$:;<:;4567$=>& G«Ù¨3Š/GR•3[\U?]…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

82


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

n ;<*+,-.,/0‘’“”•è126f•¼

n@?¦<’G7

<4567‘6~AŒÇ•‚˜×•‚ã:•õu×`¦ª-ùcZ€•‚ã :•õu€ d¢£aaa -ùAnA–RsW$ŒÇ•‚˜¾Uè–Z;$î ¸GlD_–^$jkXA¾67•èn?š$ÍVŽRs3Š/cZ<’ g`a_Cœ¨D/D”3_ !X’°ÙU‰D…˜$ôruÁU[]…æGs3G$<ô•lU[2 1$4567‘6~˜¬Ï•U`£aaa-R `£aaa†«ÒSRs3/DÖ2 …D3_–^$ôreŽU‰D…˜ôruÁU[]…æGs3G$¬Ï• U `ä¾ÒSRwȨ3_[]…$¢€ÇAØè«Ù?@Gáâ/?W$ ?AtAŒÙ/C…Õ•Ÿ?@G”Z23_$U$Õ•ŸAŒÙ/C… n4567‘6~G”Z2$LeŽA:ü;7J€ƒ?@g„ƨ3A náâRs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

83


9=;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@?<Ûd#&'()*+,-.,/ v@?@?<®eŽZ@÷)-F'•P)Ž !%4567‘6~Aå“lUÌC$ 4567‘6~g„•¨3Us^] …í%C^hU‰D…gîïC^_?A4d/C…$

ci°¨°›y cˆ/jÃl•7 c!"#0à¾,m´œ0szhçq < cÚ¼ºOm*+,-.,/³FABŒ•0ÐågÀ%Ã$#C0ºOq

/D]^W&GXYZ2^_

ïšÉR˜BCD4E6F/D\Š/nsW$ %jk´ä4567‘6~ UѨ3&»•?PQMG?DŠ/GsÖUXYZ23_Ðt$4567 ‘6~gX’¨3ÒAïÂPQ/C…AÚÛ´äPQGÛsU?3/IÖ 23_

ïØÙJK6UÑC…˜$4567‘6~AØÙl˜$E#—yõ`abý dabùGhi/?]…D3^Û$T™#VÈAghcZnè8GÛsRs 3/”Z23_

ïØÙlAøøÌAU‰D…˜$ØÙlAóEg¼ÖC$è8R•3:; 47<~ã6AɱU[W$ óEUæa]^4›IQ}•gè8C…Dš Š/R$ØÙlŲ3¶Ôß¼gü¨Š/GR•3/”Z23_– ^$4567869UÑC…˜$?A¾¸X$ØÙlGŒç—F?@U4 567869GóçRDš564˜[šæZ23AR$ ¬ðN¯l¥Aø øÌA/C…$ 4567‘6~gNó/Ü¥3^ÛAÃD;4g’%¨3 ?@A,ÞGÛsRs3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

85


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@?@§<®eŽZ@÷)-~(=67)~•8æGæ’@VYQ

!4567‘6~g„•¨3Us^]…ÃægJÛ^°J(]U‰D…$ „•F/$Ðt„•¨3ÒUÃægJÛ^D°J(]U‰D…AQ;56 74dg‹íUì¨_õJ §[`[`$•c.5m `¦ 7ù

?n ?§

®em æ’

¸¹

?z u t n § z A * ƒ | „ 0 • ò

A * ƒ | „ o T

dŽ PU Q@ Y. Z| ‘/ d= #Û

Œˆ ¸/ =j eD‡ #ól @• d3 Ô•

C ü 0 ! " #

q @ h Y

¹ 0 º

J v@?@?<®em@~(=67)~•8æGæ’67)Y~•8æ0vw

¹0º0…® Ä`®em`Æ &2A4E6F•6}• &¾;¿Iã;7

Ä`æ’`Æ &_®A4567‘6~ &2A4E6F•6}• &J65}70'GR•3lõØ(JQ)U‰D…$Mù &ÇöA XKy$T™#(]

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

86


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

Ä`xy`Æ !1vôrÙAÉ*’»¾;¿Iã;7˜s–W[š?D. /D\Ãæn s]^

ï„•FUÃægJÛ^Ìò/)£…$ÐtÃægJÛ^DÌòG0Ó C$c‰Íä…D3_Š2˜$%4E6FAîÒg/'C$4E6FA¾ ¸gÜÝC^XR$4567‘6~A’»U^c¨Š/G$ÐtA456 7‘6~AØÙlAopU‰?G3/”Z23_

ï%%4E6Fùƒ.G¾Uo”…D3¼½/C…˜$šÉR˜–—BC D4E6FA^Û$4E6FAuÁ$jklA¾¸?@AîÒg&[\/ ¨3Ì•cZ•^nA/”Z23_

ï%¨RU4567‘6~gå“C…D3‰“l.Go”…D3¼½/C …˜$4567‘6~å“A‰+l/C…$4567‘6~AØÙlAo pˆÕ3Ó²Ô²gx]…D3/D\Š/GXYZ23_ •ŽA4567 ‘6~‰“l˜$jk!çAGÚš$å“C…D34567‘6~A¾¸ /C…$’»FU¬jkU¾_õ,D˜Ìòg!]^ùC…D3nAGÚ DAR$ %4567‘6~A¾¸gæèÛ…cZ¾;¿Iã;7g-Z? @AÀÁg/3Š/G”Z23_–^$?A2AW&U%4E6F •6}•./D\.5Gs3An$•ŽA4567‘6~‰“lU˜4 E6F•6}•Az6K6GÚDŠ/cZŠA[\?.5Gs]^/” Z23_

ï%Â~•6;’»J<ôg"cUÛ\•l.Go”…D3¼½/C…˜$ ØÙlgÚš¨3^ÛU˜$4567‘6~A’»Us^]…$Â~•6

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

87


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

;A’»$,%?@GrsRs3^Û$%4E6FAjk¾¸´äÂ~ •6;’»UѨ3"c•?‡ÄGÛs/ˆ2…D3/D”3_

ï%ÇöAØÙl.Go”…D3¼½/C…$Â~•6;A>?$Â~•6 ;A,%MgÇöAØÙl/ù#¨3Š/R$ ÇȦ»§A4567‘6 ~U?3/”Z23_–^$ØÙlAs×gVWY23Š/R$jkl R?D/ÖcWñZDZc?ÄÃh?@gÂÞR•3cZRs3/”Z 23_

ï%%4E6FA•ú.U‰D…˜$å“l3Aîï4d/C…˜.5m G™?DG$%4E6FA•ú˜$jklAhRunjkUýCD°OR sW$óÒU#$lcZX$lg‰…•úU?]…D3Š/cZ$Â~ •6;Að4UÑC…‰+•UòZcAð4gx]…D3/”Z2$ k ('üIAÌòg!]…’»¨3ÒUÃægJÛ3‘’Gs3/”Z2 3_¾U$?A2AW&A$ %_®A4567‘6~.Ars?@g[š ‡]…D^W$óÒU¯]^Š/Gs3/D\•ún™?š?DAR$ ~•6;A’»FU˜$2Ajkl/)£…$[WpÙ?Ãæg§Õ3/ ”Z23_–^$4E6FA¾¸/C…$Â~•6;UȯGsW$• ú˜?\D]^rîgÜÝC…D3AR$ År?ÃægVWY23Š/G R•3_–^$ØÙlAs×Un%•úU[3’».gJÛZ2…D3_ õ %§[d!ØÙlcZæ^4567‘6~.ïãù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

88


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@?@¦<*+,-.,/®em@â=“u)Ž@VYQ

!4567‘6~A„•FU¾U@ŠUkg•]^c$ /D\hUÌC… ˜$‹íA4dG&Z2^_ õ?ì$+$.˜¸‰–R.5á$J §[`[d! •c.5m `¦ 7ù

?t ?v

?n

?§ ¸¹

?z u

t

t n

§

§ z Œ • Í Î = + Ó i

! " ¦ ÿ = Ú i

” • Ï – = Ž Z

6! h" ˆ# /@ jG ‡— lQ •˜ 3p

! " m p = ù i

C ü ™ š 0 ~ (

Ú ¼ ¼ 0 › œ

¹ 0 º

J v@?@§<*+,-.,/®em@q@â=“u)Ž@dŽZ±²Ö×

”¹0º•0…® &#il$ÃÁÒ{6RnØÙCœ¨DØÙñšW &ØÙlG¾èA°UHZ?DØÙñšW

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

89


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ï4567‘6~g„•¨3Us^W$ Çö"¬cZíîG§?D[\U ¨3Š/GunrsRs3/”Z23_Š2˜$jkA¾¸X@\C… n"#G§…C–\Š//$[½Ö$AŸa$DŽA«ÙnæZ23A R$"¬UÌC•Ðç/C^,ÞGÛsRs3_–^$4567‘6~A “ÇgCëU°AA?DŸ›g+µŠ/U[]…$ íî?@A¹ºg./ R•3_

ïøø¸AÙšU‰D…˜$ 4E6F?AnAGŒGgCœ¨DjkRs 3Š/g½–”…$Â~•6;A’»´ä<ô?@UÄè3Š/U[ W$<’3AÍÝU[3ŒGg./R•3/”Z23_ õyb['ÞA§]EWU[WŒÓ¨3Š/Gs3AR$ èe•?N;´K;4 g¯\?@ù

ï%ØÙlU/]…DE•?Â~•6;A’».U‰D…˜$œ˜WÇö AØÙlAÃægVWY23YCaD?@G¯Ö2…D3564GÚD_ Š2˜$ %4567‘6~AÇöAØÙlAk('üIœs×UaÖÕ… 4567‘6~A’»g¯\Š/U[W$ ÇöAØÙlGôœ¨D<’U ?3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

90


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@?@n<*+,-.,/=1•ŽZ@H)uQ

!4567‘6~gX’¨3Uƒ^]…èé/C^DnA/C…JA[\ ?.5G&Z2^_õ`m.5á$J §[`[®$•c.5m `¥ 7ù

?t

?n

¸¹

?§ u v n

§

? z ½ Ò ë & ' 0 á Ÿ

Wˆ ª/ 0j ‡‡ ¯l 0• ®è ÚÒ

D ó Â • L — š 0 “ î * o •

C ü #0 0. ~| (/ ! "

¹ 0 º

J v@?@¦<*+,-.,/1•@÷)-FážGP)Y–0@dŽZ±²Ö× — Dó•²A*ƒ,„0•ò•ˆ/jÃlDóŒ¸#

ï%"cAA‡ÄJQ9<:4.G¬+ÚD.5mG&Z2^_Š2˜$ šÉR˜–—BCD4E6FRs3Š/cZ$îÒJÓ²Ô²gx]…D 3"cAg®C…’»¨3Š/U[W$ ØÙlU/]…[WDEAs34 567‘6~UBXY3Š/GR•3/”Z23_

ï–^$ %ØÙlAÃæ.GXG]…D3A˜$’»AÒU$ÇöAØÙ lA'üIœçæ?@gVWY23Š/U[W$ ?AÇÈÝ/UHC^4 567‘6~U?3/”Z23_Š2˜$J §[`[d cZæ…n*½Ur sRs3/D”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

91


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v@?@v<ˆ/jÃl0Ò

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

@VYQ

<à±$4567‘6~AÂ~•6;Að4˜?D_%jkUHC^Â~ •6;A¿:

˜C?]…ìW$ ØÙlAs×UHC^4567‘6~g

X’¨3Š/˜Á5R˜?D_CcC4567‘6~A0s˜o”…ì W$Ðtn%ÇUX’ˆ23á⸘lš$ŠA[\?©ªRå“lÌò U¯]^Â~•6;Að4U‰D…Aîï4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ §[`[—ù

A¹! %ొ2Zõ4567869$:;<:;4567$=>&ùA4E6F g|CZÂ~•6;Að4˜sW–ÕçG$ÐtÛs—/ID–¨c².

gY ??

YY:

y78

¦

z:

§z:

nz: gY

J v@?@n<ˆ/jÃlÒ

tz: YY:

n

uz:

?zz:

y78

0kµ¼@dŽZ±²Ö×

”gY•G78P)z± &r1$%>7<fIAÕßõdã &<;•UÑC… z -A‚ÿUð4gèÛ3ÛsGs3 &ÛsuEHAB= &Ÿ8XAøø¸U‰D…ÍØÙõÃ'6ÅAøù¸$N;´K;4¿: ~I$>ô-A@A«Ùù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

92


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

”YY:•G78P)z± &[½?:N6…A4E6F

ïø]Aqr/C…$Â~•6;ð4GJÛZ2…D3_

ï%˜D./.5C…D3å“ln$Â~•6;?AnAAýZ?ð4g Ûs/C…D3/ŠS˜?c]^_Š2˜$ %DD”./.5C^¼½A hA%[½?:N6…A4E6F./XYZ23[\U$4567869$ :;<:;4567$=>& /D]^4E6F˜n/n/47{67cZ ¼iC^nARsW$¿}j6œ´€4A[\?I6In?š$¾67n è–Z?D/D]^BCD4E6FRs3AR$Â~•6;A>?$¿: Mn=ÎRs3_CcC$@ç?nARn|CÛ3/D\Š/R˜? š$Â~•6;A’»U˜s3ÒSð4GsW$?2U2C…Â~•6; G‰šZ2…D3_jkÝ/UHC^¿:

˜C?]…D3G$%jkÝ

/UÛsuEHAð4/C…$ ’»èé?DCïÂPQ/?3ÚÛ´ä& »•?PQGÛsRs3_

!nU$Â~•6;Að4U‰D…$@A[\?hgÂÞ¨£•c$/D \îï4dgnoUì¨_õJ §[`[§ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

93


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

g•"•6r# U@¢UÓZ §z:

½l–¾l*U ÷’-Y'hY nz:

Ú¼¼0Ï6 nz:

J v@?@v<ˆ/jÃl0Ò

@YYQ<¡ŽZkµU÷Z…®0±²Ö×

ï”U%N;´K;4Gs–WDZ?D. $ %øø¸A3J.A¸‰AW& UÑC…ð4GJÛZ2…D3/D”3_

ïN;´K;4UÑC…˜$Â~•6;A@A$ØÙlAØÙSSU[] …n€•šC?]…š3_

ïøø¸UÑC…˜$ Â~•6;A<ô´äN;´K;4ASSMGÑo C…D3_–^$jk>&U[]…HC^Â~•6;A¿:

GC?3Š

/gÂÞC$ ?2ª2AjkUs]^Â~•6;A’»g¯\Š/U[] …$ØÙlAkAï&hURŠ3ŒÓ0gs3ÒS4ˆ”3Š/GR•$ ØÙlAk(rXg5³¨3Š/GR•3_[]…$%jkÝ/AHC^ Â~•6;AuEHAð4G$ Ðt4567‘6~UìŒ3øø¸A3J Un‰?G3/D”3_

ï#JhJX$lANÉU‰D…˜$Â~•6;A>?$Â~•6;A,

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

94


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

%U[]…áâRs3_k('üIA>D˜$kOÂ~•6;UìD…$ kAO5SGC?]…š3_–^$k('üIAlDlGçZ$`a_ˆ 2^Â~•6; õ<;~,*<;~AXUj6f8}~4GìD…s3Â~ •6;MùA>?U[]…˜$Â~•6;?AnAgÛ\^ÛUs3ÒS Ak('üIGÛs/ˆ23AR$ŠAŸa$#$l˜?AÂ~•6;g Û\Š/GR•?D_[]…$k('üIA>DU[]…4567‘6~ uA«Ö23žŽn‘Ö]…š3_#JhJX$lGMÕR•34567 ‘6~U˜$,%¨3Â~•6;A>?U[]…$s3ÒSAŒÇ•‚G Ûs/”Z23_4567‘6~g’»¨3ÒU$Ìò/¨3k('ü IgÂÞC$k('üIUa]^Â~•6;g+è¨3Š/R$ŒÇ•‚ ˜×ˆš…nØÙlGMÕR•3/D”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

95


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@§<!"#&'()*+,-.,/ v@§@?@`*+,-.,/0!"@VYQ <ØÙlA4567‘6~AØÙ©ª´ä$ ØÙC…D34567‘6~ AŸ›UѨ3îï4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ §[d[`$J §[d[d$•c.5m ®¢ °ù

!"#

?u:

u§:

gr#

§y:

y¦:

"r#

?¦:

uu:

6r#

?zz: z:

§z:

nz:

tz:

!"P)wGU÷Z

uz:

?zz:

!"P)wGUhY

J v@§@?<†‡#0*+,-.,/0!"’£@dŽZ±²Ö×

gr#

??:

"r#

6r#

¦y:

?n:

?n:

€:

z:

??:

¦y:

n¦:

§€:

tn:

§z: +¤0Õ

볓¹

nz: ë³e¹

v:

§y:

tz: &@ëÜ

uz:

?zz:

ë³ÜŒrb

J v@§@§<$u)wG0÷Z*+,-.,/0ÐL@dŽZ…«Ö× m•q±²ÐL²MN$ë+¤4 OPŽOaQRÅabO

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

96


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ïJ §[d[` [W$ØÙlø]/C…˜$4567‘6~gØÙC^Š/G s3°Gø]A¦dÑgÜÛ34d/?]^_–^$k('üIGXG]… DšÝ/U$ %4567‘6~gØÙC^Š/Gs3./D\.5G&Z 2^_–^$J §[d[d [W$ØÙC…D34567‘6~AŸ›UÑC… n$k('üIGXG3è@$•u$•®g¹Ö;`mA4567‘6~ gí2…D3/D\4dG&Z2^_

ïJ §[d[` [W$#$lUÑC…˜4567‘6~gØÙC^Š/G?D /D\jklG#$lø]Ad¢ÑgÜÛ…D3_Š2˜$4567‘6~ AÂ~•6;gÛ\Us^W$s3ÒSAk('üIGJÛZ23^Û$ jkgÏÛ^1cWA#$lR˜4567‘6~U¯]…n|CÛ?D/ D\©ªGR•…D3cZRs3_ÏÛ^1cWA#$lRn4567 ‘6~gØÙC…n|CÛ3[\U$ s3ÒS#$lÙA¬-4~64g ’Œ3/[D_

ïJ §[d[d [W$#$lA —¦Ñ GAA"šUs34567‘6~?@$¬ ‰A4567‘6~gØÙC…D3G$hJX$lUÑC…˜•uJ•® g¹Ö;$`mA4567‘6~gí2…D3_‰–W$k('üIGl š?3è@$ 4567‘6~AÂ~•6;A>?œ,%?@A<’67G ¹Ö23Š//?W$DE•?<’U¨3è@$ÊßcZRnØÙlgÙ šR•3/D”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

97


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@§@§@`*+,-.,/C$&hYz±

!4567‘6~¥¯c?D¼½U‰D…Aîï4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ §[d[®$•c.5m d¢ °ù

?zz: gr#

uz:

"r#

6r#

tz: nz: §z: z: ™ L @ h . Y | / U

Y ÿ U h Y

:ˆ Z/ |j YÔ‡ ’l i= hU

. $ | — / Q YU Õ q ) @ Y h

¹ 0 º

J v@§@¦< ”*+,-.,/C$&hYz±•@dŽZ±²Ö×me¹78fq

”¹0º•0…® &%ŠÖDcZDŒ?D. &%4567869g¨3Us^]…HC…D?D4567‘6~GÚ D. &%47{67Gç•. õÄùÉÚÛUê-ÑoA?DW&g6o

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

98


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ïJ§[d[®[W$4567‘6~¥¯c?D¼½/C…$ %"›U4567 ‘6~G?D./D\W&U‰D…$hJX$lG¡¥aÑ gÜÛ…D3A UÌC$#$l˜¡ ®aÑ ÒS/D\4dU?]^_Š2˜$ %Â~•6; g«”3Ò\–š?D. /D\W&R#$lø]A—®ÑgÜÛ…D3Š/ cZÖc3[\U$ "›U4567‘6~G?DcZ47{67R¢k¨ 3/D\[W$à±A4567‘6~Us3Â~•6;R˜$#$lAk (G3D‰D…D?D$‰–W$#$lÙU‰šZ2…D?DAR$2A îg扌3¯ÌU§3Š/nsÖA¬‰/”Z23_[]…$ #$lRn|CZŠ/GR•34567‘6~A’»GÛsRs3_

ï%?A2.AW&/C…$X$lA.5R˜$ %4567869g¨3 Us^]…HC…D?D4567‘6~GÚD. %47{67Gç•.? @GXYZ2^_Š2˜$ %¯]…æ^D‘6~G¾U?D./D\W& Rnd§ÑgÜÛ…ìW$ 47{67R¢k¨3sÖ/?]…D3/”Z 23_Š2˜$%4567‘6~G$4567869$:;<:;456 7$=>& A¨£…gÂÞC^Â~•6;A’»U?]…D3^ÛU$É ô$ ?2ª2Ajkg|CZUs^]…HC^Â~•6;A’»/A;2 GiO…D3_ ¾U4567869UÑC…˜?\D]^HC^’»G šJÛZ3qrUsW$k('üIGlš?3/$[WO5SAlDkg ï&¨3^Û$ 67UHC^Â~•6;gJÛ…47{67Rîï¨3/ D\564GæZ23_[]…$4567869UÑC…˜$4567 869ÙUHC^Â~•6;gÂÞC…4567‘6~g’»¨3ÛsG s3/D”3_

ï–^$ %?A2.AW&/C…$ %ŠÖDcZDŒ?D./D\.5Gs] ^_Š2U‰D…˜$4567‘6~Aå“lcZnè7ˆ2…D3Š/

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

99


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

R$k('üIAlDl˜$4567‘6~uAÂ~•6;gè/ç@Û \Š/GR•3AR$ 4567‘6~ug[½U¯•ôC#$lGkO ~•6;RîïCUšš?3/D\©ªGR•…D3nA/”Z23_ k('üIA>DU[W$ JÛZ23Â~•6;A>?œ¿:

GC?]

…D3AR$Š2gØÙC^žŽAÉæ0Œg¯\Š/R$@Ak('ü IAjkln|CÛ34567‘6~U¨3ÛsGs3/D”3_

cgr#U–¥P7Z*+,-.,/0•3UkµU÷Z c*+,-K,L=efŽZ†‡#@ºPQgF *+,-K,L"@•3 ‘X)ˆ/jÃl="~ŽZkµU÷Z c‡ƒ„Sw@•uQ¦p0EÕ…WUkµU÷Z

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

100


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@§@¦<gr#"ˆ/jÃl@VYQ

<nU$ØÙlA$#$lÙAøø?Â~•6;g‰š3FAÄÃhUÑ ¨3Q;567îï4dgnoUì¨_âJ §[d[—ù

?zz: uz: t¦: tz: ¦€:

nz:

¦z:

§z:

§y: ??:

€: v:

z: t L Š 0 ˆ ‰

j ” û i Š = + Ó

• ò •{ Z0 •D 3ó • @

“ æ ˆ / j ‡ l

N m ˆ •/ Yj ‡ l U

• i r & ' h Y

¹ 0 º

J v@§@n<gr#"0Ú¼hˆ/jÃl=§ZGÓ0•~Žm!"#¼æq

ïJ §[d[— [W$ØÙlcZæ^#$lÙAøø?Â~•6;g«3FA ÄÃh/C…un.5GÚc]^A˜$ %>ô-A@A.R$ØÙlø] A ¥®Ñ gÜÛ…D3_–^$nDR%Ã<}7-g€•š. $ %•úMA" cAU[3’»./D\W&UÑC…˜$?2ª2ØÙlø]A®ªÑ$®aÑ gÜÛ…D3_

ï%>ô-A@A.U‰D…˜$jkX$ŒGgCœ¨DŠ//$¾U# $l˜ŒGgCœ¨DŠ/cZ$ ŒÓFAÔ÷G)*•8D@Ag«Ù¨

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

101


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

3Š/œ$•-/Â~•6;A@AgkOnAUC…$ŒÓCœ¨Dsí gVW¬š?@AÌàG”Z23_

ï%Ã<}7-g€•š./D\W&U‰D…˜$#$lG#N•?kg ï&¨3^ÛA¬-4~64gÙšC^W$ #$lGÂ~•6;UY3F UkgÈ9ˆÕ3^ÛAiA4ÝGR•3[\U$ Â~•6;ŽA:;g /]^W¨3?@$4567‘6~A’»g,Þ¨3ÛsGs3_

ï%•úMA"cAU[3’».U‰D…˜$ $à±Â~•6;UѨ3 ’»ð4G?DŠ//$4567‘6~g’»¨3Uƒ^]…AÚÛJP QG?D^Û$k('üIAlDjklõŠŠR˜•ú?@ùœ$456 7‘6~œ€ƒ?@AÂ~•6;A’»UõÖ]…D3"c•lG‰+• Uk('üIGrXCœ¨DÂ~•6;UѨ3’»ð4gx]…D3/ ×åˆ2…D3/”Z23_

!nU$J §[d[— A4dgk('üI–U0'C^4dgnoUì¨_ õJ §[d[§ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

102


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

?zz:

gr#

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

"r#

6r#

uz: tz: nz: §z: z: t L Š 0 ˆ ‰

j ” û i Š = + Ó

• ò •{ Z0 •D 3ó • @

“ æ ˆ / j ‡ l

N m ˆ •/ Yj ‡ l U

• i r & ' h Y

¹ 0 º

J v@§@v<gr#"0Ú¼hˆ/jÃl=§ZGÓ0•~Žm‡ƒ„Sw¯q

ïJ §[d[§ [W$ %[šÖcZ?D./5”…D3A˜$#$l˜ —`Ñ g ÜÛ…D3AUÌC$h$l$X$l˜ daÑ g¥]…D3_Š2˜$#$ lAk('üIR˜Â~•6;UѨ3‡Än)*•™?š$’»J<ô A>DGk('üIArXU@\hiC…D3AcG–—¼ÖR•…D? DŠ/GÖc3_CcC$hJX$l˜$Dš‰cA4567‘6~UÕ gåç—W$ 47{67RjkUHC^Â~•6;AbÖWU?3Ÿ›g 扌^W¨3Š/R$ k(rXCœ¨D›/CUšD›A>DGÖc3 [\U?3AR$ŠA[\?4dUÊ]^/”Z23_

ï–^$X$lcZ˜$ %•úMA"cAU[3’»./D\.5G §ªÑ gÜÛ…D^_Š2˜$ËoR<£^[\U$à±Â~•6;UѨ3’

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

103


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

»ð4G?DŠ//$4567‘6~g’»¨3Uƒ^]…AÚÛJPQ G?D^Û$k('üIAlDjklõŠŠR˜•ú?@ùœ$4567 ‘6~œ€ƒ?@AÂ~•6;A’»UõÖ]…D3"c•lG‰+•U k('üIGrXCœ¨DÂ~•6;UѨ3’»ð4gx]…D3/× åˆ2…D3/”Z23_

cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF ˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰@W ¡ŽZkµU÷Z cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF FŠ*ù,*=÷Z|p›œ UÓZ•Ôh•3=<¡ŽZkµU÷Z c*+,-.,/@dPQgF•ò’)g‡ƒ„Sw0íY†‡#Fˆ/ jÃl0Dóe#hç0~(=<¡PQ•3ŽZkµU÷Z

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

104


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

!–^$ËoõJ §[d[—ù#$lÙAÂ~•6;g‰š3ÒA>ô-A@ AUѨ3ØÙlAQ;5674dg‹íUì¨_õJ §[d[¥ù

?zz: uz: tz:

nu:

n§:

nz: ?€:

§z:

¦:

t:

N

¹ 0 º

z: Ê l / ÷ | -

* + | ” “ -

Jv@§@t<gr#"@,PQYZGKrXZˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰@dŽZ±²Ö× •©`”*+,-”“-•g”¹0º•0…®0j÷,78U6Uu)–0

ïø]Aqr/C…$”U%v. $ %¾;~{67./D\.5GÚc]^_ #$l˜ŒÓCœ¨DAR$ŒÓFAÔ÷G)*•™?D@A/C… %v.G+12…D3/”Z23_–^$ %¾;~{67.UÑC…˜$ ŒÓFAÔ÷˜c?W€•DG$•-J>ô-gkO@AR‰š3/D\ hUìD…#$lU/]…ŒÓCUšD,Þ/D”3_ ŒÓ¨3¼½/C …$>ô-A=>UaG@AU[]…C?3^Û$•-/Â~•6;>ô -A=>A>DU[W$<<;4G?2œ¨D©¶GR•$?A––ŒÓ C…C–\/D\564˜ÚD_Š2gÕ$À:A¬‰/C…%¾;~

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

105


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

{67.G+12…D3/”Z23_

ï%4567<:7.˜$ %?A2.AÃ{6.5Rs]^UnÑÖZ;$ Ã{6.5A2a/C…Úc]^_ +$.UY]…D21n]/.5G& Z2^/¹‰ˆ23_ _®R˜4567‘6~œ€ƒÙAÂ~•6;U« Ùˆ2…D3@ARsW$ à±R˜un4567‘6~UHC…D3/D Ö2…D3@ARs3_õýZ˜

—[ª[®ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

106


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@§@n<!"#&'()*+,-.,/0•‚¨¸

!ØÙlA4567‘6~g+µÒA+è67U‰D…Aîï4d˜‹í A®WRs3_–^$+è67/?3W&g?2ª2$ %“ÇJ“•UÑ ¨3W&. õµ'6@ù $ %<’ÔâUѨ3W&. õµ'6Aù $ %Â~•6 ;A’»UѨ3W&. õTBù $ %N;´K;4UѨ3W&. õABùA ø‰U0?C…0'¨3_õ

§[d[`$J §[d[¢$•c.5m!§¥ °ù

Ù v@§@?<•‚¨¸GhZAµ„0…«Ù þC•de@dŽZ…®

ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®

!"mpUùY

ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

¦ÿUÚY

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

•&'™Y

ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ •ò0•3 ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®

½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®

*/,wU÷Z

ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y •òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

yv:

•&'™Y ¦ÿUÚY

t¦: nu:

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

n?:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

n?:

!"mpUùY

n?: ¦§:

(³U÷Z ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

§€:

ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

§€:

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z

§¦:

ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

§¦:

•ò0•3

§¦:

*/,wU÷Z

?t:

``ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®

``þC•de@dŽZ…®

•òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

?t:

``½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®

``Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®

¹0º

z:

€: ?z:

§z:

¦z:

nz:

vz:

tz:

yz:

uz:

J v@§@y<!"#¼æ0*+,-.,/0•‚¨¸ Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

107


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

”¹0º•0…® &½U‘_C…DšßG[D!!!!!!&üBG[D$CëkG[D

ïø]Aqr/C…˜$ %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.´ä%Â~•6;A ’»UѨ3W&.GX‰gÜÛ$nDR%N;´K;4UѨ3W&. GY]…D3_ %<’ÔâUѨ3W&.UÑC…˜?2Òr)ˆ2…D ?D/D\qrGæZ2^_

ï%AcZ"D. $ %Q-GøD./D\W&UÑC…˜$@ÐZnø]A m2‹XA.50g&…D3Š/cZ$ ØÙlU/]…4567‘6~A +è67AhRn·p•?W&Rs3_

ïunÚc]^.5/C…˜$ %AcZ"D.Rs3_ŠAW&UÑC… ˜$—d °A.5h$ %öNR¯Œ3:;.G da °$ %4567869R¯ Œ3:;.G `® °$ %[Œ•R¯Œ3:;.G ª °/D\4dU?]^_ CcC$ %öNR¯Œ3:;./$ %4567869R¯Œ3:;.U˜$ ˆè@A>D˜?D$/D\è7n‹Œ…D3_

ïnDRÚc]^.5/C…%Q-GøD.GXYZ23G$Š2U‰D …˜$4567‘6~A+è67/C…%Q-GøD./.5C^.5l m ®§ °AD×ØÙQ-˜$¬Ï ¥—d «/?]^_–^$`aaa «•MgD ×C^°˜$®§ °h `¢ °RsW$.5lø]A —ªÑ gÜÛ…D3_.5 l˜Ã{6.5U[]…-ÇgëìC…D3AR$ %§aa«./%`aaa«. /D\Q-UÌC$4567‘6~AAG¹Ö23›Rs3/”Z2 3_õnoJ §[d[¦ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

108


78#¹Ÿ~q

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

€ u y t v n ¦ § ? z ¦zz|'«

¦zz|

vzz|

uzz|

?zzz|

?§zz|j6

78#0¬¶!"¦ÿ

J v@§@u<•‚¨¸GPQ”!"¦ÿUÚY•=•þö78#@•Z¬¶!"¦ÿ

ï–^$J §[d[¢ [W$4567‘6~A’»UÑÖWAˆDW&õJ¤ AB-0ùAhR$¾U$Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&%Â~•6;A ,%G-ED. %Â~•6;A¿:

G>Wœ¨D./D\W&U‰D…$

+èð4AhRX‰gÜÛ…D3_¾U$ %Â~•6;A¿:

G>Wœ

¨D./D\W&U‰D…˜$[0AjkUHC^ð4R’»ˆ2^Â~ •6;õŠŠR˜.5lG456ã6A^Û$ %4567869.UHC ^nAùGJÛZ2…ìW$?AXR$ %Â~•6;A>?G[0A'ü IUa]…D3.4567‘6~g+µ/D\È2Gs3nA/IÖ2 3_

ï–^$ %Â~•6;A<ôG[D. %{€16QIg[š¯\./D\W &n?2ª2ø]A—`Ñ$d®ÑgÜÛ…ìW$4567‘6~„•tAN ;´K;4Grs—/D”3_ˆZU$ %{€16QIg[š¯\./D \W&U‰D…˜$ %Â~•6;A,%G-ED./D\W&/nÑØC …ìW$ØÙlU¸•GŠ?D[\$Â~•6;gá‘?nA/¨3Š/

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

109


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

R$ØÙl3R[½U,%g‘”3Š/GR•${|6ã6gF&Cœ¨ š?3/D”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

110


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

!nU$k('üI–U$4567‘6~A+èð4U‰D…æ…Dš_ #$lA4567‘6~+èð4U‰D…Aîï4dg‹íUì¨_ õJ §[d[ª$•c.5m d¢ °ù

uv:

•&'™Y ¦ÿUÚY

v€:

ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

nu:

ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

nu:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

nn:

!"mpUùY

¦y:

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

¦¦:

*/,wU÷Z

§t:

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z

§§:

ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

?€:

(³U÷Z

?€:

•òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

?v:

•ò0•3 ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô ¹0º

z:

??: n:

``ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®

``þC•de@dŽZ…®

``½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®

``Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®

y: §z:

nz:

tz:

uz:

?zz:

J v@§@€<gr#0*+,-.,/•‚Ò

ï#$lAø]Aqr/C…˜$ %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&. %Â~•6; A’»UѨ3W&.GX‰gÜÛ…D3G$?2ª20?ˆ2^W&A uÁU[]…X‰UY3W&/s–W·p67R˜?D/D”3nAU0 c2…D3_–^$ %<’ÔâUѨ3W&.˜$ØÙlø]A4567 ‘6~+èð4õJ §[d[ªù/)*¨3/$œœ·p•Rs3/}”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

111


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ï%Â~•6;UѨ3W&./C…˜$ %Â~•6;A>?G[0A' üIUa\. %Â~•6;A¿:

G>WϬD./D]^W&A.50

G#$lø]A—¦ÑgÜÛ…D3G$ %Â~•6;A,%G-ED. %•ú A’»./D]^k('üIG¹Ö23W&UÑC…˜$?2ª2 ®®Ñ$ ``Ñ /D\.50Rs]^_

ï–^$ %N;´K;4UѨ3W&./C…˜$ %Â~•6;A<ôG[ D./D\W&G#$lø]A——ÑgÜÛ…ìW$Â~•6;AN;´K ;4˜rsRs3Š/GÖc3_CcC%Â~•6;A{€16QIg[ š¯\.AW&U‰D…˜$#$lø]A —Ñ /$ED.50/?]…D 3_

ï%<’ÔâUѨ3W&./C…$ %4~6IGs3./D\W&U‰ D…˜$#$lø]Ad¥ÑgÜÛ…ìW$k('üIArXUs^]…A è8gJÛ3Nns3_–^$ %O}›gÛ\•6}•Gs3./D\W &U‰D…˜$#$lø]AddÑgÜÛ…ìW$4567‘6~g`a< ’_¨3ÒUs3ÒS'bcdGefR•3/”Z23_

cgr#gFˆ/jÃl@dŽZdúpGFŒ•0þC•dehç0¨¸ @dŽZdúpUIN{U÷ZGY:Zn

!nU$ h$lA4567‘6~+èð4U‰D…Aîï4dgnoUì ¨_õJ §[d[`a$•c.5m `d °ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

112


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

yv:

•&'™Y ¦ÿUÚY

yv: vu:

!"mpUùY ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

n§:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

n§:

(³U÷Z

n§:

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

¦¦:

•ò0•3

§v:

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z

§v:

ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

?y:

•òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

?y:

ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

u:

ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

u:

``ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®

``þC•de@dŽZ…®

*/,wU÷Z

u:

``½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®

``Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®

¹0º

z:

z:

§z:

nz:

tz:

uz:

?zz:

J v@§@?z<"r#0*+,-.,/•‚Ò

ïø]Aqr/C…˜%“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.GX‰gÜÛ…ìW$ nDR%Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&. %N;´K;4UѨ3W&./ ?]…D3_

ï%“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.˜ê@GX‰gÜÛ…ìW$ %AcZ"D. %Q-GøD./D\W&G?2ª2¢§Ñ/lD.50G&Z2^_–^$ %ØÙFŽGKD. %ûuRs3./D\W&nh$lø]A §¦Ñ$—dÑ g ÜÛ$lD.50g&…D3_

ï%Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&.AhR˜$ %Â~•6;A>ô-U

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

113


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

Š—Ö3./D\.5Gh$lø]A —dÑ gÜÛ…D3_nDR%Â~ •6;A,%G-ED. %•úA’»./D]^W&G?2ª2$®®Ñ$d§Ñ gÜÛ$4567‘6~A’»UÑC…n&grŒ…D3Š/GÖc3_

ï%N;´K;4UѨ3W&./C…%Â~•6;A<ôG[D./D \W&˜h$lø]A—dÑgÜÛ$ N;´K;4UÑC…nr)ˆ2…D 3Š/GÖc3_

ï%<’ÔâUѨ3W&./C…$ %O}›MgÛ\•6}•Gs3.G d§ÑgÜÛ…D3Š/cZ$ 4E6F•6}•/A`a<’_˜s3ÒS A'bcdGs3/}”3_–^$ %•úGô3$G¡•úGD3./D \W&UÑC…˜$`¢Ñ/D\.50g&…D3Š/cZ$s3ÒS•ú UѨ3ÑiSGs3/”Z23_

!nU$ X$lA4567‘6~+èð4U‰D…Aîï4dgnoUì ¨_õJ §[d[``$•c.5m `¢ °ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

114


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

u§:

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

v€:

•&'™Y

v€:

¦ÿUÚY

v€:

ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

v¦:

(³U÷Z

ny:

•ò0•3

n?:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

¦v:

ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

¦v:

!"mpUùY

¦v:

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z

§n:

•òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

?u:

ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ */,wU÷Z

?§: t:

¹0º

z:

``ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®

``þC•de@dŽZ…®

``½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®

``Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®

?u: §z:

nz:

tz:

uz:

?zz:

J v@§@??<6r#0*+,-.,/•‚Ò

ïø]Aqr/C…˜$ %Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&. $nDR%N; ´K;4UѨ3W&. $ %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.GX‰gÜÛ…D3_

ï%Â~•6;UѨ3W&./C…$ %Â~•6;A,%G-ED./ D\W&GX$lø]A ¦dÑ gÜÛ…ìW$c?WlD.50g&…D 3_–^$ %Â~•6;A¿:

G>Wœ¨D./D\W&G §®Ñ gÜÛ

…D3_–^$X$lA¾Î/C…%•úA’»./D\W&G —`Ñ gÜ Û…D3_Š2˜$•úGtu®g¹Ö;=Î?4567‘6~Uí2… ìW$ ‰+•U>Wœ¨DÂ~•6;A¿:

Að4gs3ÒSx]…D

3Š//$Â~•6;U˜È¯Gs3AR$?\D]^BCDîÒgx]

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

115


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

…D3Š/n¼½/C…XYZ23_

ï%N;´K;4UѨ3W&./C…%Â~•6;{€16QIg[š ¯\./D\W&GX$lø]A§ªÑ gÜÛ$lD.50g&…D3_X $lUÑC…˜$ %AcZ"D. $ %Q-GøD./kµ.50Rs3^Û$ %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.A67GaÖ?c]^/C…n${€16Q IU[3'bcdnefR•3/D”3_

ï–^$ %Â~•6;A,%G-ED. $ %Â~•6;A¿:

G>WϬ

D. $ %Â~•6;A{€16QIg[š¯\./D\W&UÑC….50 GlDŠ/cZ$X$lAØÙlF&U˜$¸•gŠˆÕ?D^ÛU$ ~•6;Gá‘R${€16QICœ¨DnAU¨3ÛsGs3_

c6r#gFŒ•0þC•dehç0¨¸•-–Fˆ/jÃl0•3ÒW ªhçFˆ/jÃl@dŽZdúpUíYn

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

116


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

!ˆZU$ k('üIA>DU[34567‘6~A+è67A>Dgæ 3^Û$ø‰U0?C^$ %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&. $ %<’ÔâUѨ 3W&.$%Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&.$%N;´K;4UѨ3W &.U‰D…)*¨3_ ! ”þC•de@dŽZ…®•@VYQ ! %“ÇJ“•UѨ3W&.U‰D…k('üIU[34567‘6~ +èð4U‰D…)*C^0'4dg‹íUì¨_õJ §[d[`dù

uv: yv:

•&'™Y

v€: v€: yv:

¦ÿUÚY

v€: ¦y: vu:

!"mpUùY

¦v: gr#

¦z:

"r#

n§:

(³U÷Z

6r#

§€: z:

?z:

§z:

¦z:

nz:

vz:

tz:

yz:

uz:

€z:

J v@§@?§<”þC•de@dŽZ…®•@VYQ0‡ƒ„SwëG0vw

ïø]/C…$@Ak('üIRn%AcZ"D. $ %Q-GøD./D\ W&UÑC…˜¡m2‹X/$lD.50g&…D3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

117


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ï%ØÙFŽGKD./D\W&UÑC…˜$#$l$X$lU)£$§¦Ñ /$lD.50/?]…D3_ì?Zš$à±A4567‘6~ØÙlR ˜$h$lA4567‘6~AØÙGÚD^Û$h$lcZ¾Us×GÚ c]^AR˜?Dc/”Z23_

ï–^$ %ûuRs3./D\W&U‰D…˜$4567‘6~A+è6 7/C…¡J2‹XgÜÛ…D3_û®AŸa$çÅFU€•Õ’3g& ?DAR$ØÙl/C…n$4567‘6~AøèC^ØÙGs3ÒSJ ÛZ2…D3/D”3_–^$“Ø&•R4567‘6~g“•¨3ÒU ˜ÂÞC…n[D/D”3_

!nU$%<’ÔâUѨ3W&.U‰D…k('üIU[34567 ‘6~+èð4U‰D…A0'4dg‹íUì¨_õJ §[d[`®ù

§§: §v: §n:

•\a{=dÔjÃ\•U÷Z

gr# "r# 6r#

?v: ?y: ?u:

•òU{ZFªx•òUYZ

§t: */,wU÷Z

z:

u: t: §z:

nz:

tz:

uz:

?zz:

J v@§@?¦<”Œ•ø•@dŽZ…®•@VYQ0‡ƒ„SwëG0vw

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

118


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

ïø]Aqr/C…˜$ k('üIÝ/Uæ…n®aÑ‹íA.50Rs3 AR$4567‘6~A+è67/C…˜$¹¬67/C…R˜?š$F n•?67/C…·pˆ23nARs3/”Z23_

ï%O}›MgÛ\•6}•Gs3./D\W&U‰D…˜$k('üI –Uæ…n$?2ª2¡d§ÑgÜÛ…D3_4E6F•6}•/4567 ‘6~A`a<’_U˜$s3ÒSA'bcdGs3/D”3_

ï%4~6IGs3./D\W&U‰D…˜$hJX$lA2aG?2ª 2ø]A `aÑ •MRs3AUÌC$#$l˜ d¥Ñ /$s3ÒSA0sG s3/D”3_hJX$lR˜4567‘6~A+è67UìD…s–W ·p•R˜?DAUÌC$ #$lR˜Fn•67/C…·pˆ23/D” 3_

!nU$ %Â~•6;A’»UѨ3W&.U‰D…k('üIU[34 567‘6~+è67U‰D…A0'4dgnoUì¨_õJ §[d[`—ù

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

119


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

nu: ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

u: v¦: nu:

ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

u: ?§: ¦¦: ¦¦:

ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

u§: ?€:

ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

n§: ¦v:

gr# "r# 6r#

??: •ò0•3

§v: n?:

z:

?z:

§z: ¦z: nz:

vz: tz: yz: uz:

€z: ?zz:

J v@§@?n<”ˆ/jÃl0•3@dŽZ…®•@VYQ0‡ƒ„SwëG0vw

ïø]Aqr/C…$k('üIA>DU[]…$·pˆ23+è67G C?]…D3_

ï#$lUÚc]^.5/C…$%Â~•6;A¿:

G>WϬD.$

%Â~•6;A>?G[0A'üIUa\./D\W&G?2ª2 —¦Ñ g ÜÛ…D3AUÌC$h$lR˜?2ª2¦Ñ/D\.50RsW$456 7‘6~A+è67UìD…s–WÂÞˆ2367R˜?D/D”3_ – ^$X$lUÑC…˜$ %Â~•6;A¿:

G>WϬD./D\W&

U‰D…˜ §®Ñ /$#$l[WnlD.50g&…D3G$ %Â~•6; A>?G[0A'üIUa\. /D\W&UÑC…˜X$lø]A`dÑ/ ?]…D3_Š2˜$Â~•6;A>?U[]…˜lS?k('üIgs J¨3nAGsW$#$l˜k('üIGEš$Â~•6;A>?U[]

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

120


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

…˜Û\Š/GR•?DAR$ 4567‘6~A+è67/C…·pˆ2 3W&Rs3AUÌC$hJX$l˜k('üIGs3lDAR$Â~ •6;A>?U˜HIˆ2;$s3ÒSÛ\Š/GR•3Š/cZ$ŠA [\?>DGiO^/”Z23_

ï%Â~•6;A,%G-ED./D\W&UÑC…˜$#Jh$lU‰ D…˜?2ª2ø]A ®®Ñ Rs3AUÌC$X$lUÑC…˜ ¦dÑ /* ½UlD.50g&…D3_k('üIArXU[W$4567‘6~u AÂ~•6;g¨£…Û\Š/GR•3[\U?3^Û$ Â~•6;Žg [½U¯•ô¨3Š/GR•3Š/cZ$ ,%UѨ3sJG–3/ ”Z23_

ï%Â~•6;A>ô-UŠ—Ö3./D\W&UÑC…˜$hJX$l G?2ª2ø]A—dÑ$®§Ñ/D\.50g&…ìW$4567‘6~A +è67UìD…s3ÒS·pˆ23W&Rs3/D”3_–^$#$l nø]A`ªÑgÜÛ…ìW$ 4567‘6~A+è67UìD…Fn•6 7/C…ÂÞˆ23/D”3_

ï%•úA’».UÑC…˜$#$l˜ø]A``Ñ /)*•ED.50R s3AUÌC$h$l˜ø]A d§Ñ$X$l˜ø]A —`Ñ /?]…D3_ Š2˜$Ë<A®W$•ú˜‰+•U>Wœ¨DÂ~•6;Ų3òZ cAð4gn]…D3AR$jkUHC^Â~•6;g’»R•3Š/ /$Â~•6;U˜È¯GsW$?\D]^BCDîÒg&…D3Š/c Z$?AFbUHC^Â~•6;gëÿR•3°ORsW$?2G‰+• UÖc3A˜$s3ÒSk('üIGrXC$4567‘6~AÂ~•6 ;A¿:

A>DG‰+•UÖc3[\U?3:9R$ %•úA’».G

JÛZ23/D”3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

121


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

!nU$ %N;´K;4UѨ3W&.U‰D…k('üIU[3456 7‘6~+è67U‰D…A0'4dg‹íUì¨_õJ §[d[`§ù

nn: n§:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

¦v: gr# "r# 6r#

n: ?y:

ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

v€: z:

?z:

§z:

¦z:

nz:

vz:

tz:

yz:

uz:

€z:

?zz:

J v@§@?v<”½l–¾l*@dŽZ…®•@VYQ0‡ƒ„SwëG0vw

ï%Â~•6;A<ôG[D./D\W&UÑC…˜$#Jh$lG¡—aÑ ‹XgÜÛ$X$lUÑC…n®§Ñ/D\.50g&…D3Š/cZ$4 567‘6~A+è67/C…·p•Rs3/D”3_ Â~•6;GÝš ?]…ÞG§]E]^W$>ô-UJKGR•3Š/U[]…$ŒGA¶ ·¸Glš?3/$k('üIGEDÒ$L67UÌÚGOCš?3^ Û$“•3GØÙl¥A,Þ/C…N;´K;4g¯\Ûsns3_

ï%Â~•6;{€16QIg[š¯\.UÑC…˜$#$lU‰D…˜ ø]A —Ñ RsW$4567‘6~A+è67/C…s–WÂÞˆ2…D ?D_h$lU‰D…˜ø]A`¢Ñ/$sš–RFn•67/D”3AU ÌC$X$lU‰D…§ªÑ /lD.50g&…D3_Š2˜$X$l˜k ('üIGlD^Û$4567‘6~uAÂ~•6;gÛ\SSGlš$ ¸•G•œ¨DŠ/cZŠA[\?.5G&Z2^/D”3_ØÙlA

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

122


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

%¸•.gÕ$^Û$Â~•6;A,%g‘ªR•3[\UÂ~•6;A @AgÂÞ¨3MA,ÞnÛsRs3_

!îïÍÞRs3h/C…$ %Â~•6;{€16QIg[š¯\./D \W&UÑC…˜$ %BCDÂ~•6;g3p¨3$Y2M”3./D] ^ÃæaD/$ %Â~•6;AN;´K;4g¯\./D\ÃæaDAF ®WAÖNGR•3_X$lU.50Glc]^A˜$ŠAF‰AÃæa DAÖNABßU[W$lD.50G&Z2^Š/n”Z23_Cc C$N;´K;4g¨3/D\ÃæR˜@ÐZnæG?DAR$Ð.˜Â ~•6;gÎD©¶Uš‰/D\Š/g67/C…ëìC…Dš_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

123


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<‘‹0*+,-.,/0Œ•Ž

v@¦<’G7

Ûd#&'()Œ•Ž !jk>&U[]…HC^Â~•6;A¿:

GC?3Š/gÂÞC$ ?

2ª2AjkUs]^Â~•6;A’»g¯\Š/U[]…$ $ØÙlA k(rXg5³¨3Š/GR•3_Š2U[W$ŒÓFAŒGA./GC œ¨š?3?@$ØÙl´äå“lcZæ…nrsRs3_[]…$øø ¸gÂÞC^ÛsuEHAð4/C…$ ’»èé?DCïÂPQ/?3Ú Û´ä&»•?PQGÛsRs3_

!"#&'()Œ•Ž !à±A4567‘6~R˜$ k('üIÝ/UÉæ0ŒZ2^’»G¯ Ö2…D3›˜ê@æZ2;$ Â~•6;A’»UÑC…nk=AŠ/G D”3_[]…$s3ÒSAk('üIgÛs/¨34567‘6~GÚ DAGà©Rs3_–^$4567869$:;<:;4567$=>& A¨£…Ajkg‹ŒY23’»/?]…D3^Û$ ¾Uk('üIAE D#$l/]…˜k(rXGOCD©ª/?]…D3_[]…$‹íA[ \?W&gÂÞC^4567‘6~A’»GJÛZ2…D3_

cgr#U–¥P7Z*+,-.,/0•3UkµU÷Z c*+,-K,L=efŽZ†‡#@ºPQgF *+,-K,L"@•3 ‘X)ˆ/jÃl="~ŽZkµU÷Z c‡ƒ„Sw@•uQ¦p0EÕ…WUkµU÷Z c‡ƒ„SwëG@67'XZ*+,-.,/0¨¸g)hZ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

124


9-;<!"#•èÛd#&'()f’PY*+,-.,/0‹-¯

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

t@?<*+,-.,/0126f•¼@VYQ

!4567‘6~g<’/C…/Z”^FAXà•á⸘€•D_ ŠŠ R˜$— OghiU4567‘6~AXà•áâ¸U‰D…g–/Û3_

c*+,-.,/0&CÍÎg.ÍÎk“•mÌ. ?u€ ˜q&'+ÍÎk “•mÌ+ §y{zzz ˜q0–0’U÷-Fq@‚’'bF-,¼UíYn < c1••gF¸>³®@•uQ¯U÷ZUF*+,-.,/gF°6@ ?{zzz ˜U ?{zzz ž||pU÷ZGYrXQYZn <<j1••Uvw6ÚWU÷Z

c1•¸>³p@VYQg¸>³®@–•ZUFF°6@?Ÿ´|pUß àŽZn <<j¸>³pU`Y <<j“Sl-•+Thç0³1AÓ¾êC0±‚U"Uf•

c*+,-.,/gFº0*ƒ,„Œ•G0eå½öWUhiF¤¥Œ• ÒF5ØF[\%F•.,-hçF[öhŒ•G0eå½–<:'XZn <<jº0Œ•Geå½PÒŽY <<j-,¼UíY

!‹X[W$4567‘6~˜<’/C…/Z”^ÒUn$Xà•á⸠˜€•š$ÐtnopC…Dš/”Z23_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

126


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

t@§<*+,-.,/0Œ•Ûd¨¸

!4567‘6~A<’å“67U‰D…–/Û^_

þC¨¸ cF2g²pdeU&@hZ)7F³´=<¡PF•@šµPhYwG cŒ•!"#@gS·Ò'à‚#UHY)7FUÓZöW襕š*hç <U0+,ŠU¶YwG cA¥ÐU›œUÓZwG c(³Œ•0¯U•Y < m€¹m@def•U÷Z)7F•-deUÚ‚ŽZq cº»GŽZ‡ƒ„Sw@•uQg÷Z|p0&CŠ–=›œŽZwG !&#Jh$lÌò!!!! !!Û¬-gs3ÒSÙšR•3êëR!daa -‹X !&#JhJX$lÌò!! !!Û ¦aa -õdax 4 —axã‹XõïÂ’ù

s®/C… c·C0ÐåF(³G(Ü=xŽZŒ•-®U¶’PY c*+,-jÜ0¾¸mÀF$FàhçU0÷/„,jÃlqUf• !Û`a<’_U[3'bcd !!•6}|;µê6I/A`a_

Œ•¹5@ºW)!<T¸ cÁhçF$»UyzPQYZ¾êC c¼¢Œ• !yb['MÓ$]VP$åÌŸ?@ c½¾F¸ÐÉm¹î y‹ j6q

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

127


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

cA¥Ð

¿À c½“lk,³\-gCüEF c¥F’)gè¥UÐmpj³ cŒ•øˆmˆ/jÃlhçq@˜p6hq‚U÷XsFoÁ@g#¯& '0{À–÷Z

Œ•¨¸ cŒ•Ë; !•-˜Q4ÃÁI7z1õ¦Èã:•G×–CDù $¾;~{67$ÿ ˜?2U?¨3nA õQAÑÅ?@gŒšŠ/R$ŒÓFAŒGgÕßC[\/¨3Š/˜Ÿ $U¶·ù

ckµÌ.•;m*+,-K,L½“l0Ðåq !&#Jh$lÙ !J47{67¾64 !J#ilóïƒGR•3—ŒA4~64õÃ<}7-G/23ù !&hJX$lÙ !JÒ€<;• !J47{67¾64 cz•;m6Y”kµÌ.•;•@-:Qq !&Ú&•{;~ !&ë}56{;~ !&C.¾64

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

128


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

!&g©q cAB•; !&';ãIµ} !!ŠIN}7$•ú´~ã6?@ !&•ú•6}•õ4E6F•6}•ù !!4567869$:;<:;4567$=>&$ŠIN}7$•ú´~ !!ã6Aw• !&•œ¢6$ú}j6I6Å !&7:'

/e^æ‰ cÛd*k\jWª !&‹8•± !&:;47<~ã6 !&N;´K;4 !&ŸuR) ! c“l*-”/k,F½l–¾l*=ÄÃ)/e^ !&ôbAs×UÚ”$D‰Rn4~6IGR•3 !!<’Aýþ/C…A´2! !!!Û·S?:;47<~ã6˜“•üqU‰?G3 !!ÇöA•ú–^˜QJý1QRk('üIGlDlGç–CD !!¬S4~6Ig‹Œ^b˜Tbõ½Øbù/?3 !&<’Aå“$€ƒ$:ü;7?@A•eGœWœ¨D !!€ƒg„ƨ3Š/U[W$îï&¿GR•$c‰ØÙSSGo”3 !&Â~•6;AN;´K;4õþAEWM”?@ùGR•34ã}Ã

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

129


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

!!‰°U¡A^Û$

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

¡?V¼g\•]R¯\

Ú¼yz cM¿0‡ÌÄWGw,wFà¾,0—è&W !&ÕUõŠIN}7$•ú´~ã6ùA»Ùé±8Œ !&I6I/JK6gýþ$mÜRW‡ !! %æç?.A<’Rs3ÃÄ !!ÑÒAà¼g[0^ÐR•Ðç/œ3 !!•È#AXYZ[AŸ/?Z?D^ÛU••vA\.•UY]…D3 !!Š/G×–CD_ !&\•]U[3R) !!E*‹XUÞ¼g¨3ØÙlUÌC$ŒGA¶·¸g®W! !!!Ûk(rXUñò

c*+,-.,/U0w,wGà¾,mÆq !&«ÙhA<6ýjI<;•$Ò€<;•U˜ZœæUYZ?D !&ìÒDUL;Ws]…«Ù¨3 !&47{67¾64R˜2°A>ô<:;UYZ?D !&[0AE*‹XAÞ¼˜C?D !&XYRAYŸ˜C?D !&4~6I‹ólRi]^_Gs3°˜sZcOÛ`C§3

ceSœÅ0-s !&þ³š·ƒ»/AG¡ !!YŸQU-Œa…þ³š·QgY2…ìšõml«ÒSù !&4E6Fš·¥AbÃpY

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

130


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

!!yb[ ^¸_Xcdš·õeù !!¬ð!`—aa «!¬!h„i‹í!—§a «

cÅx4 !&YŸAÒ$<’ØÙlUѨ3f¡C¥AMq !!ÅYs¤

gh˜ƒ4567‘6~«ÙhUR•^þ³$ij$?A2Ar1U ÑC…[kAlbUìD…¬¥gà¼C$ ƒ4567‘6~/?Al blUlb3´C?DŠ/gfD–¨_

mhG4567‘6~g«ÙhRs]…nß¼lcZnŸgoOZ2 ^Ÿa$–^$?A2AÄÃg‹Œ^Ÿa$êÐU?AèìU\D– ¨_

m!<²äåÆÍÊl<j\-hw• *ƒ,„•j÷,/”“œl˜>e®Øˆœ¾,Ǧq

}Œ‘š-~Œ`]•‘•Š•™•`••™@`]•-•œ•`€ŠŒ @`§zz?

131


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

t@¦<‡ƒ„Sw¯@()*+,-.,/0•‚¨¸0’G7

!ÉÚÛR&Z2^$ ØÙlA4567‘6~A+è67U‰D…g–/ Û3_õ

¥[®[`ù

Ù t@¦@?<‡ƒ„Sw¯@()*+,-.,/0•‚¨¸

‡ƒ ÈÉ *+,-.,/0•‚¨¸…® „Sw Ê•

A‡ƒ„Sw 0_å

gr# :• •&'™Y

uv:

Е ¦ÿUÚY

v€:

Ý• ˆ/jÃl0•«U£…0„Sw@åÔ

nu:

ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY •• ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y

nn:

=• !"mpUùY

¦y:

"r# :• •&'™Y

yv:

¦ÿUÚY Е !"mpUùY

vu:

Ý• ˆ/jÃl0tLŠ@wörZ

n§:

ˆ/jÃl0Œ¸U•Y (³U÷Z •• ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

¦¦:

=• •ò0•3

§v:

6r# :• ˆ/jÃlWªUŠ©Y

u§:

Е ˆ/jÃl÷ÍÎ,Âw=•i$Ô

v€:

•&'™Y ¦ÿUÚY Ý• ˆ/jÃl0h“kUt-ÒŽY

v¦:

•• (³U÷Z =• •ò0•3

ny: n?:

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

132


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

c‡ƒ„Sw@•uQF67'XZ*+,-.,/0‹-¯U)hZn

c‡ƒ„SwUbYIçFˆ/jÃl@dŽZdúpGFŒ•0þC•d ehç0¨¸@dŽZdúpUIN{U÷ZGY:Zn

c‡ƒ„SwUíYIçFŒ•0þC•dehç0¨¸•-–Fˆ/jà l0•3ÒWªhçFˆ/jÃl@dŽZdúpUíYnq@Dó•m• òq@•Z•3U67'XQYZn

<ౘ•ú?@A"cAU[3’»G¯Ö2…D34567‘6~˜™ ?DG$ å“lcZn"cAAÃæg•WY2^D/D]^s×nsG] …D3_Ðt˜$?\D]^s×nÕÛ…$ØÙlcZnå“lcZæ… nç–CD4567‘6~A’»G×–23_

![]…$4567‘6~A’»g¯\ÒU˜$‹íAW&U‰D…ÂÞ ¨3ÛsGs3_

cgr#U–¥P7Z*+,-.,/0•3UkµU÷Z c*+,-K,L=efŽZ†‡#@ºPQgF *+,-K,L"@•3 ‘X)ˆ/jÃl="~ŽZkµU÷Z c‡ƒ„Sw@•uQ¦p0EÕ…WUkµU÷Z cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF ˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰@W ¡ŽZkµU÷Z cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF FŠ*ù,*=÷Z|p›œ UÓZ•Ôh•3=<¡ŽZkµU÷Z c*+,-.,/@dPQgF•ò’)g‡ƒ„Sw0íY†‡#Fˆ/ jÃl0Dóe#hç0~(=<¡PQ•3ŽZkµU÷Z

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

133


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

t@n<‡ƒ„Sw¯@()*+,-.,/ã•wÆ

!ÉÚÛ4d/C…$ ØÙl´äå“lcZæ^ç–CD4567‘6~ A±Wß/C…$‹íA67gÂÞC…êOIg«ÈC^_

”¾d*+,-.,/•=~oP)ã•w !ÉÚÛR˜M“4567‘6~ghiUîïC…D3^Û$ M“456 7‘6~AêOI/C…‹íA67gÂÞC^êOIëÿ¨3_–^$j k˜%4567869.gÃÄC^’»g¯\_

¢y~*+,-.,/ ¢½l–¾l*j÷, ¢Ú¼¼=<¡ŽZ !•úU[3’»gÂÞ¨3Š/R$ jkA¾¸UHC^Â~•6;A’ »g¯\_ ¢.5lmæ0.‘Y\ûq&'U–¾mZ•Ô@Fˆ/jÃl0•3= <¡ŽZ ¢*-÷,-U¾‡ŽZ†‡#@*+,-.,/mD"Œ•q=Ôû ¢‡ƒ„Sw¯0*+,-.,/ã•w !ÉÚÛ4dUìD…$k('üIA>DU[W$JÛZ234567 ‘6~GC?]…D3_[]…$ŠŠR˜$#Jh$lÙ4567‘6~ êOI/$hJX$lÙ4567‘6~êOIA¸ÿgëì¨3_ ¢•ò@•Z•3 !4567‘6~êOIgëÿ¨3Us^W$ö y÷(y •úûülR$4 567‘6~Aà©UýCD°OAÃægöU$êOIA«Èg¯]^_ Š2U[W$ jkA¾¸gÂÞC^Â~•6;´ä4567‘6~A’» g¯\_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

134


g•"r#"*+,-.,/ã•w<WªJ<< <<<<<<Žõ`?©§zz

0 1

3

6

10

15m

+-,,,

Ì

Í

+,,,,

Ë

Î Ï

Ë`/©,k,<<<}Ð

Ð

Ì`šl/ ‘š šl/

Í`j”\-€\•

<`j”\-šl/<}: Î`],žK\/*

ÏÐ`j”\-€\•m¥”œ\L0•Ô@fUhY–0q


0123456789,. 5<=>=?@ABCD85 KFG9S= . H-,

Ë/©,k, <j”\-šl/ 3350

FŠJ Žõ`?©vz

1550

5 386

IJ,,

180 0

1 78 6

0123456789:; 5<=>=?@ABCD85 EFG;9S= .H-,

./,,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

900

r=2 1 00


0123456789,. 5<=>=?@ABCD85 KFG9S= . H- ,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

00

° 2 6 .7

9 00

20

. L/J 0 123456789, . 5 <=>=?@ABCD85 M 5NO9S= .H-,

Â/ͽ-÷\/

360 0


0123456789:P D85to D85 KFG9S= . H-,

šl/ ‘š šl/ FŠJ Žõ`?©vz

I QR+

J,,

. QQJ

3 60 0

1 446

0123456789:P D85t o D85 EFG;9S= . H- ,

349 2

Žõ`?©vz

1446

6 00

144 6

400

þŠJ


0123456789:P þŠJ t o D85 D85 EFGP9 Žõ`?©vz S= . H- ,

3600

400

0123456789:P D85t o D85 M5NO9S= .H-,

Â/ͽ-÷\/


0123456789,S @ABCTBU KFG9S= .H-,

Íj”\-€\• FŠJ Žõ`?©vz +II+

3 600

1800

2 332

5932

0123456789,S @ABCTBU EFG;9S= . H-,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz 00

2 1 .1°

9 00

25

2 33 2

./,,


0123456789,S @ABCTBU EFGP9S= . H-,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

97

2 1. 1°

9 00

24

0123456789,S @ABCTBU M5NO9S= .H-,

Â/ͽ-÷\/

2332

3 600


0123456789:V W=XYB5Z KFG9S= .H-,

Î],žK\/* FŠJ

1 50

Žõ`?©vz

150

1 80 0

0123456789:V W=XYB5Z EFG;9S=. H-,

270 0

4 00

Žõ`?©vz

150

þŠJ

2 700


0123456789:V W=XYB5Z EFGP9S=.H-,

þŠJ L 1 50 * 1 50 * 10

Žõ`?©vz

4 00

150

1 50

0123456789:V W=XYB5Z M5NO9S=.H-,

1 80 0

Â/ͽ-÷\/


0123456789:[ \]A^B_ KFG9S= .H-,

ÏÐ\fj”\-€\• FŠJ 5 09 7

5 09 7

1 497

Žõ`?©vz

360 0

0123456789:[ \]A^B_ EFG;9S= .H-,

1 49 7

3600

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

400

0 15 5

1497

3600


M5NO9S= .H-,

Â/ͽ-÷\/

0123456789:[ \]A^B_ M5NO9S= .H-,


"•6r#"*+,-.,/ã•w<WªJ <<<<<<< <<<<<<<Žõ`?©§zz 0 1

3

6

10

15m

I-,,,

Ë`],žK\/* a

Ì

Ì`],žK\/* ž

Íj”\-šl/

Î*–Â Ë

ϨlL„,w

I-,,,

Í

Î Ï


1`23456789:; W=XYB5Z KFG9S= .H-,

Ë],žK\/* a FŠJ

150

498 0

1 50

Žõ`?©vz

1`23456789:; W=XYB5Z EFG;9 S= .H-,

3000

1 50

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

300 0

1 50

4 50

10

10


þŠJ Žõ`?©vz 1 50

5000

Â/ͽ-÷\/

1 50

4 50

10

10


1`23456789:P W=XYB5Z KFG9S=.H-,

Ë],žK\/* ž FŠJ Žõ`?©vz

150

10

10

1 50

10

150

3000

1`23456789:P W=XYB5Z EFG;9S=.H-,

5000

150

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

10

5000


1`23456789:P W=XYB5Z EFGP9S=.H-,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

150

1`23456789:P W=XYB5Z M5NO9S=.H-,

Â/ͽ-÷\/

560

10

150

10

3 000


1`23MCA5678 ab@ABCD85 KFG9 S=1/ 200

Íj”\-šl/ FŠJ

150 00

2971

Žõ`?©vz

1`23MCA5678 ab@ABCD85 EFG;9S=1/ 200

20000

þŠJ

20000

1000

2 00

Žõ`?©vz


ab@ABCD85 EFGP9S=1/ 20 0

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

15.1 ° 1`23MCA5678 ab@ABCD85 2971 M5NO9S=1/ 200

Â/ͽ-÷\/

1000

2 00

800

30 7 7

15000


1`23MCA5678 ZeM KFG9S= 1/ 20 0

Î*–Â FŠJ

.-,,,

Žõ`?©vz

1`23MCA5678 ZeM EFG;9S=1/ 200

.+-,

+,,,,

þŠJ Žõ`?©vz

.,,,

Qc+,,d 1000

-c+-,d 1 25 0

.+-,

+,,,,


EFGP9S=1/ 20 0

þŠJ

15000

1`23MCA5678 ZeM M5NO9S=1/ 200

Â/ͽ-÷\/

Qc+,,d 1000

Žõ`?©vz


ϨlL„,w FŠJ

50

Žõ`?©vz

146 0 1`23456789:[ f8_g=h EFG;9S= .H- ,

þŠJ 1460 1 035

400

8 25 600

1 425

50

50

4 25

50

4 25

Žõ`?©vz


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

*+,-.,/ã•w@VYQ !ÉÚÛRëìC^êOIA”ßU‰D…gØÅC…ìš_

cÑã•w@,>… ïpAq,Ar•U[]…Â~•6;A,%˜C?3_ ïjkõŠŠR˜4567869ùA¾¸gÂÞC$%Â~•6;Žgž š/3_ !ÛkgcŒœ¨š?3AR$ØÙlAk(rXU‰?G3_

cg•"r#"*+,-.,/ã•w ï'6I$êþj;õ<;~,*<;~AqKU?ª]…8}~4G‰D^ nAù?@g%c?DŠ/U[W$X$lGs–WY]…Š?D_ ï%Â~•6;A¿:

G׈D_

!Û‹X[W$#Jh$lGîïCœ¨DžŽ/?3_ !Ûׄi?@A׈?…†Rn|CÛ3_ !ÛŒGgCUšD_ ï%Â~•6;AqK˜rD_õ4567869Ùù

c"•6r#"*+,-.,/ã•w ïÇöAØÙlA'üIUaÖÕ…’»¨3Š/G×–CD_ ïÂ~•6;A¿:

g׈š¨21$ 4567‘6~AŒÇ-Vn׈

š?3_ ï47{67R[š¢12…D3Ÿ›gîïC$ ?AžŽ[Wn>Wœ¨ DØÙgs”3Š/R$ 47{67RAjklg4567‘6~¥VW© çRDš_ ï[š¢12…D3Â~•6;AbÖW/?]…D3MNOAtÁ$ @A

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

158


-

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

?@g?A––4567‘6~UÚÙ¨3_ !s¤47{67RJ:A9:õ4´QùG°kGs3Ÿa$J:A4´ !!!Q/C…’»_ õŠŠRO:A4´Qg‰š]^/C…n$k('üIG3D‰c?D^ Û$47{67RAjklU/]…˜UægFšÂ~•6;U?Z?Dù

!nU$¬ð•?4567‘6~/ÉÚÛAêOIg)*¨3_ŠŠRA ¬ð•?êOI/D\A˜$#JhJX$lg‹ŒY23^ÛA4567 ‘6~As/C…$kOŒÇ•‚õ§aa -ùR$©—(©yKaXyz© Ars gn/U«ÈC^êOI/)*¨3_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

159


‘’0*+,-.,/ã•wÆmOPŽOaQRÅabO 0ˆ/jÃl=–G@§àq

Žõ`?©§zz ,

.

I

J

.,

.-

mno

YB5Z

+,,,,

@ABCTBU YB5Z @ABCD85 i5<=>= TBU

@ABCD85 jTW8kD85&lD85 +-,,,


++pRI

0

1

3

Žõ`?©§zz

^wA8U

6 15m

ab@ABCD85

++pL,

10

D85&lD85

5<=>=A8U

@ABC D85 i5<= >=

jTW8kD85&lD85

]A^B_

!<>ƲOPŽOaQRÅabO<WªJ`Ÿ§zz? ‚‘‹q

YB5Z

@ABCTBU

++p-J

TBU

D85&lD85 i5<= >=

.p,q

++pQJ

rstuv

++pQQ

-pLq


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

ï¬ð•?4567‘6~/)*C…$ÉÚÛAêOI˜$Â~•6;A >?g™?šC^0$Â~•6;ŽGžD_[]…$#$lœ$hJX$ lGBCDkgÀUY2^DFAîïÙA4567‘6~/D\‰%ñŒ GR•3_ ïk('üI–UÉæ0Œ3Š/R$ Â~•6;A>?G€•šC?]… D3_Š2˜$4567‘6~AØÙlG$ %4567‘6~./D\¬ ‰A'…œ6<’/C…ØÙ¨3c$s3D˜$ %47{67.AbÙ/ C…ØÙ¨3c/D\$€uA>DcZÂ~•6;A>?$,%ABß? @G€•šC?]…D3_ØÙlG[0Ak('üI?@gÂÞC…$Ø ÙA&•–U?2ª2A4567‘6~ØÙ¨3Š/GR•3_s”1$ BCDkUv3C^DF˜$ ÉÚÛRëÿC^4567‘6~Rîïg¯ D$ =Î?Â~•6;g[½U«ÙC^DF˜¬ð•?4567‘6~A [\U$Â~•6;A>?Gw

Rs34567‘6~UÕgåµ$/

D]^ØÙG”Z23_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

162


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

t ;<!"#•èÛd#&'()*+,-.,/0 f’PY‹-¯

t@v<’G7

!¹mOR˜$ OOR<£^à±A4567‘6~A¹ºhgÂÞC^4 567‘6~êOIgëìC^_ ! x#$lRn|CÛ34567‘6~A’»GÛsRs3 x4567869g!ç¨3jklUÌC…˜$ 4567869ÙU’» ˆ2^Â~•6;gÙè3ÛsGs3 xk('üIU[]…žŽAÉæ0ŒGÛsRs3 x#$lgÌò/¨34567‘6~R˜$ Â~•6;>ô-A@AU, Þ¨3ÛsGs3 x#$lgÌò/¨34567‘6~R˜$ ¬-4~64gs3ÒSÙš R•3[\?’»gÂÞ¨3ÛsGs3 x4567‘6~UÑC…˜$•ú–^˜k('üIAlDjkl$Â~ •6;A"c•l?@AÃægÂÞC…’»¨3ÛsGs3

!–^$ÉÚÛRëìC^êOI/$óÒU哈2…D34567‘6 ~Arsgn/U$¬ð•?4567‘6~êOIg«ÈC$?2/A) *g¯]^_ !4567‘6~AØÙlG$ %4567‘6~./D\¬‰A'…œ6 <’/C…ØÙ¨3c$s3D˜$ %47{67.AbÙ/C…ØÙ¨3 c/D\$€uA>DcZÂ~•6;A>?$,%ABß?@G€•šC ?]…D3_ØÙlG[0Ak('üI?@gÂÞC…$ØÙA&•–U ?2ª2A4567‘6~ØÙ¨3Š/GR•3_s”1$BCDkUv 3C^DF˜$ÉÚÛRëÿC^4567‘6~Rîïg¯D$=Î? ~•6;g[½U«ÙC^DF˜¬ð•?4567‘6~A[\U$ Â~ •6;A>?Gw

Rs34567‘6~UÕgåµ$ /D]^ØÙGÂ

”Z23_

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

163


9Ă&#x2019;;<<C

!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

A Study on Skate Park Based on Users' Behavior


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<<C

y@?<<C

!4567869$ :;<:;4567?@A4E6FÁŸ•‚˜opq rG‹D…ìW$jklAmnopqrUs3hR$•ŽA4567‘6 ~Aop/NU$ [\]Aå“U[34567‘6~nøt%ÇUo”‰ ‰s3_CcC$¬ßR$47{67R¢k¨3ØÙln™?š?D_Š 2U˜$BCD4E6FA^Û$4567‘6~õ"Ù<’ùUѨ3Ú Ûœ&»•?PQG?DŠ/cZ$ ØÙlAJÛ34567‘6~g’» ¨3Š/GyORs3Š/nsÖ/?]…D3_ !ÉÚÛR˜$4567‘6~Aà©gÜݨ3Š/R$ØÙl´äå“ lcZæ^ç–CD4567‘6~A±WßU‰D…•C^_

!à±A4567‘6~R˜$ k('üIÝ/UÉæ0ŒZ2^’»G¯ Ö2…D3›˜ê@æZ2;$ Â~•6;A’»UÑC…nk=AŠ/G D”3_[]…$s3ÒSAk('üIgÛs/¨34567‘6~GÚ DAGà©Rs3_–^$4567869$:;<:;4567$=>& A¨£…Ajkg‹ŒY23’»/?]…D3^Û$ ¾Uk('üIAE D#$l/]…˜k(rXGOCD©ª/?]…D3_[]…$‹íA[ \?W&gÂÞC^4567‘6~A’»GJÛZ2…D3Š/GÖc] ^_ ! cgr#U–¥P7Z*+,-.,/0•3UkµU÷Z c*+,-K,L=efŽZ†‡#@ºPQgF *+,-K,L"@•3 ‘X)ˆ/jÃl="~ŽZkµU÷Z c‡ƒ„Sw@•uQ¦p0EÕ…WUkµU÷Z cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF ˆ/jÃltLŠ0ˆ‰@W ¡ŽZkµU÷Z cgr#=º»GŽZ*+,-.,/UgF FŠ*ù,*=÷Z|p›œ

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

165


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<<C

UÓZ•Ôh•3=<¡ŽZkµU÷Z c*+,-.,/@dPQgF•ò’)g‡ƒ„Sw0íY†‡#Fˆ/ jÃl0Dóe#hç0~(=<¡PQ•3ŽZkµU÷Z

!–^$ØÙlAk('üI–U4567‘6~UJÛZ2367˜C ?]…D3_ŠAŠ/cZ$@Ak('üIgÌòU4567‘6~g’ »¨3cU[]…$’»èéGC?3Š/GÖc]^_ ![]…$‹XA67gÂÞC$ÉÚÛ4d/C…$k('üI–U4 567‘6~êOIgëì¨3Š/GR•^_ !

Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

166


!"#$%&'()*+,-.,/012345678

v ;<<C

y@§<æ’0-¶

!4567‘6~g<’/C…/Z”^ÒU$?AXà•á⸘€• D_

c*+,-.,/0&CÍÎg.ÍÎk“•mÌ. ?u€ ˜q&'+ÍÎk “•mÌ+ §y{zzz ˜q0–0’U÷-Fq@‚’'bF-,¼UíYn c1••gF¸>³®@•uQ¯U÷ZUF*+,-.,/gF°6@ ?{zzz ˜U ?{zzz ž||pU÷ZGYrXQYZn <<j1••Uvw6ÚWU÷Z c1•¸>³p@VYQg¸>³®@–•ZUFF°6@?Ÿ´|pUß àŽZn <<j¸>³pU`Y <<j“Sl-•+Thç0³1AÓ¾êC0±‚U"Uf• c*+,-.,/gFº0*ƒ,„Œ•G0eå½öWUhiF¤¥Œ��� ÒF5ØF[\%F•.,-hçF[öhŒ•G0eå½–<:'XZn <<jº0Œ•Geå½PÒŽY <<j-,¼UíY ! !Š2ZAŠ/cZ$Ðt$4567‘6~˜$¡]<’/C…—ŒR? š$¶É<’õ2A4E6F<’cZ„è$•6}|;µê6I?@ù/ A`a<’/C…ÔâC…Dš/”Z23_–^$1ÇAØè«ÙGá â?Š/cZ$€•‚?:ü;7J€ƒ?@n„ƈ2$&'()*+- /D\ ‰%8Œ—ŒR?š$ 4Ó6869œ¿6ÃP;?@AhIW4E6F? @/ØõC^`a:ü;7?@n”Z23_ !Xàg«33$–ÐñšWUÑÖ3lG$4567869$:;<:; 4567$=>& /D]^BCši–2…š34E6FA¾¸g•Ðç/ ¼ÖC$HC^<’g‰š3Š/GÐ$JÛZ2…D3_ÉÚÛG?\C ^°^ÐAïÂU?21zDRs3_ ! Hitoshi Watanabe Lab. Waseda Univ. 2001

167


!<ÓÔ

ļÕ>ÓÆ ”*-÷,-*ƒ,„=¹ØŽZ¦p078• Ö×ØÙ78¼<.ÚÛ\<Üe>Ó

Ä4ÝÆ Ž‘Œ¡•™š•›œ`Ž‘¢‹•mÈ,wLl\/ §vvq <<<Fà ?§ ‚ n ´<È,wLj©-•„* *+,k,K,Lß¼àÍÎÂwm[Z“k•–—,K•´Þ¬ßq <<<Fà ?§ ‚ n ´<£Ê•.ž÷\jl˜ iß*-,lm-‘š›‹¡< š‹@§<Fà ?? ‚ n ´ §y 2<à<á3â iß*-,lm-‘š›‹¡< š‹@¦<Fà ?? ‚ u ´ §u 2<à<á3â iß*-,lm-‘š›‹¡< š‹@v<Fà ?§ ‚ § ´ §u 2<à<á3â iß*-,lm-‘š›‹¡< š‹@t<Fà ?§ ‚ v ´ §t 2<à<á3â

ÄA*ƒ,„oT0¾Ð¤,lù,[Æ ¼2Þ*+,-K,LoTmaãŽaq ~‘‘ª©••êêê§@™Œ’@š›@#ª•K•#-•• ¼½“l”“l*+,-m扎aq ~‘‘ª©••ª‹•ä•§v@‹™Š@š›@#ª•KŒŠ‹ŒŠ••ŠŒ-••ŠŒ-•@~‘‹‹ 㞟 T ¤,lù,[ ~‘‘ª©••™‹Š@¢P•Š@¡š@#ª•

Äå\/**ƒ,„@dŽZ¤,lù,[Æ b••‹`çš‹Ÿåa*-÷,l*ƒ,„0±{q ~‘‘ª©••›••‹’¨Œœ•P#ª@›••‹@¡š‹•-ªš›‘-•æ-õŠç-ªš›‘PŽÅ^bŽ èƒ,kžwh“-`PžR«‰baŸaP ~‘‘ª©••êêê@™•’Œ›•‹•@¡š‹•

Ľ,],•8敆‡•ò0¤,lù,[Æ ÕþhU*ƒ,„.,/=ÿ!ÔT ~‘‘ª©••êêê@œ•š¬¬Œ¡•@¡š‹•ª•›••

•ò*+,k,.$ü¾Ð }š‹•`Å•’• ~‘‘ª©••êêê@’•ŠP-••‘•@¡š‹• ç^ŸŸ^Q‰^æ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡š‹‹š‘ŒšŠêš›‹œ@¡š‹•


-‘š••é`-••‘•™š•›œ• *-,/ê*+,-K,L ~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡š‹-@Š•@#ª•K-‘š•••ŒŠœ•Š§@~‘‹ [öh½,],0 ‹ŒŠ• V ~‘‘ª©••êêê@-šPŠ•‘@Š•@#ª•çמRbãaÅaæ•¡šŠ‘•Š‘-•¡~•¡~••‹ŒŠ•ç-ªš›‘-@~‘‹‹ *+,-K,Là£[l ~‘‘ª©••-•u™›œŒŠ’@¡š‹•#•ªç¬Œ›-‘ª•’•@~‘‹ }aŽç^mÑ.-èäåh“-q ~‘‘ª©••êêê@~•-¡š@¡š@#ª•-•çŠ•ê@~‘‹‹

Ä*+,-.,/•è*-÷,-x…hÐLÆ “l”“l*+,-ò+,jÃlh“~‘‘ª©••êêê@’•š¡Œ‘Œ•-@¡š@#ª•ŽŒ‹•bš•œP_•-•›‘•nv¦z•‹š¡•‘ŒšŠ@~‘‹ *+,-*ƒ\~‘‘ª©••êêê@‘ê#@‘š•ê•›ª•Š•ê-‹š’•‹š’•§zzzçzy•-•ç-ªš‘• ‰Šœ•Š`š¬`•¢‹Š›•-ªš‘ ~‘‘ª©••¢‹Š›@‘›Œªšœ@¡š@#ª•-ªš‘• •P-¨ªª‹¢`š¬¬Œ¡Œ•‹`ê•™ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@-Ššê•Šª›•--@Š•@#ª•Š‘›•‹••ŒŠ‹ŒŠ•@~‘‹‹ Së”à*ƒ\~‘‘ª©••êêê@™•’Œ›•‹•@¡š‹•-ªš‘ª•›•@~‘‹‹ ŽOužb_‰æ«`ç^ŸÅ•R ~‘‘ª©••-•u™›œŒŠ’@¡š‹•-ªš‘‹Œ-‘••›••§@~‘‹ *+,-K,La\k•*ƒ\-ìí ~‘‘ª©•••Œœ-@-ê••@‘š•-••‘•™š•›œ•-ªš‘@~‘‹‹ .,/ìí ~‘‘ª©••~‹@•Œ‘•Œ@Š•@#ª•K¬‹•‘•ª•›•Ý-@~‘‹ ŽŠ•••›Ý-`}Œ’~ ~‘‘ª©••ªšª¨ª§@‘š•§@¡š‹•~š‹••-Š••••ª•’••-ª•›•-@~‘‹‹ ãaŸ :*+,-K,L@dŽZù,[ï*ƒ\~‘‘ª©••êêê@™Œê•@Š•@#ª•KŠš •‹•ŒŠœ•Š@~‘‹ð™•¡• ~‘‘ª©••êêê@™Œê•@Š•@#ª•KŠš •‹•-••‘•›•-••‘•›@~‘‹

ÄàÜ>ÆÆ åaæŽ`ŽOaQR`ÅabO ~‘‘ª©••~‹@•Œ‘•Œ@Š•@#ª•K¬‹•‘•ª•›•Ý-@~‘‹ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@‹•‘›š•¡‘Œ •@¡š‹•ª•ª•›-•‹•‘›š•zt@§€@zz•-‹Œ¡•-Pzz§t@~‘‹‹


àÜ*ƒ\-÷l/ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@-•uª•›•‹Œ-‘@¡š‹•¡•ç‹• @~‘‹‹ -••‘•ª•›•@š›’ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@-••‘•ª•›•@š›’• ‘›•Š-êš›‹œ`-••‘•™š•›œŒŠ’`ñ`-••‘•ª•›•~‘‘ª©••êêê@-••‘•™š•›œŒŠ’@¡š‹•-••‘•ª•›•-•

ÄA*+,-.,/¾Ð¤,lù,[Æ Â/jÃl*ƒ,„.,/`aŽÅ^ š~‘‘ª©••êêê@Š-#@¡š@#ªŸFpq ~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡Œ‘¢@š••¢•‹•@š••¢•‹•@#ª•‘š-~Œ•-•Œ•š¨•ŒŠœ•Š@~‘‹š ôUõ¾Ì*+,-.,/ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@‘šê•@#š~•Š•@‘š¢•‹•@#ª PYö˜÷.,/ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@‘šêŠ@-~ŒŒœ•@¬¨•¨š••@#ª ÑÒÓÁÔÕ&Ö¾Ì ~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡Œ‘¢@¢š•š-¨••@••Š•’•ê•@#ª•‹ŒŠ•‘š• Þßàá¾Ì*+,-.,/ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@•P’š’š@#ª ýþÿð!¾Ì ~‘‘ª©••êêê@‘š•¢šPª•›•@š›@#ª 1ßàá¾Ì ~‘‘ª©••êêê@~•-¨Š¨‹•@¡š@#ª 56áàá¾Ìò,”,*+,-Ð ~‘‘ª©••êêê@-¢Š•ª-•@Š•@#ª•K•ªª¬¨•Œ•¬¨ŒŠœ•Š@~‘‹‹ íîÁäåÛ%Ð ~‘‘ª©••êêê@‘šêŠ@-~ŒŒœ•@¬¨•¨š••@#ª 0ê¾Ì*+K,ÏÐ ~‘‘ª©••êêê@¡Œ‘¢@•š‹š›š@Š•’•Šš@#ª


利用者行動から見たスケートパークの建築計画学的研究