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élections présidentielles de 1988 et de 2000. Les résultats des joutes avaient été publiés et les élus, Leslie François Manigat et Jean Bertrand Aristide avaient pu exercer leur mandat avant d'être déchu. **** A l'approche des prochaines présidentielles trois personnalités politiques ont officiellement fait part de leur candidature. La secrétaire générale du Rassemblement des Démocrates Nationaux Progressistes (RDNP), Myrlande Manigat, espère obtenir le ticket du Plaph lors de ces joutes. Le chef de file de Respect Charles Henry Baker, affirme qu'il se lance dans la bataille soulignant qu'il s'agit d'élections GNB. Le maire de Delmas, Wilson Jeudi, se lance dans l'arène en briguant la magistrature suprême. Fort de son bilan positif à la municipalité de Delmas, M. Jeudi estime que son expérience peut lui permettre d'être efficace au timon des affaires. Le parti au pouvoir n'a pas encore désigné son candidat. Le coordonnateur de Inité, Joseph Lambert, annonce que le nom du candidat de cette formation politique sera bientôt connu. L'ex Premier Ministre Jacques Edouard Alexis, membre de Inité, avait en mai dernier révélé qu'il en envisageait de se porter candidat à la présidence. Les principaux dirigeants de l'opposition regroupés au sein de Alternative, Rasanblé, Plaph, Ucadde et Libération sont déterminés à poursuivre leur mobilisation visant le départ des conseillers électoraux. Un boycott des joutes est envisagé par ces leaders politiques qui n'envisagent désormais aucun dialogue avec les autorités gouvernementales et électorales. Plusieurs partis de l'opposition avaient boycotté les

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Le Centre National de météorologie d'Haïti (CNM) vient de décréter l'alerte jaune sur plusieurs départements géographiques du pays en raison de la présence d'une onde tropicale localisée dans les grandes Antilles. Selon le directeur du Centre National de Météorologie, Ronald Semelfort cette situation crée une atmosphère instable avec de l'humidité résiduelle en basse couche autour des grandes Antilles. Semelfort précise que des orages, de la pluie et des rafales de vent restent possibles sur certaines régions du pays, notamment dans la péninsule du sud ce soir. Le secrétariat permanent de Gestion des Risques et des Désastres SPGRD annonce l'activation du Plan National de Gestion des Risques et des Désastres(PNGRD) face aux menaces de fortes pluies, de rafales de vent et d'orages violents entrainant des risques de crues de rivières, d'éboulements, de glissement de terrain et d'inondations. Les intempéries enregistrées le week- end écoulé ont causé d'importantes pertes matérielles dans la 4eme section rurale de Montrouis, au nord de la capitale haïtienne. **** Une trentaine de maisonnettes détruites par la crue de la rivière de Montrouis enregistrée le week end écoulé. Les intemperies ont causé des d'importantes pertes matérielles dans la 4 eme section rurale de Montrouis. Le passage a gué sur la

rivière de Montrouis a été endommagé ainsi qu'une trentaine de maisonnettes, indiquent les responsables de la Direction de la Protection Civile. 150 personnes ont été placées dans un abri par les autorités locales qui réclament une intervention urgente du gouvernement. La coordonnatrice de la Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC), Nadia Lochard et le directeur départemental du Ministère de l'Environnement, Ludner Remarais s'étaient rendus sur place lundi matin afin d'évaluer les dégâts. Dans une interview sur la station locale radio Métropole, l'ingénieur Remarais a estimé que la dégradation du bassin versant est la principale cause de l'inondation survenue après une averse moyenne. Des tonnes d'alluvions auraient bouché les canalisations avance le Directeur départemental du Ministère de l'Environnement (MDE) qui sollicite l'intervention du Centre National des Equipements (CNE). Conscients de l'impact négatif des bassins versants durant la période pluvieuse les autorités gouvernementales ont entrepris plusieurs interventions dans les bassins versants. Les Ministères de l'Environnement, de l'intérieur, des Travaux Publics et de l'agriculture sont impliqués dans les travaux sur 9 bassins versants. La quasi-totalité des 30 bassins versants du pays sont dans un état de dégradation accéléré explique M. Remarais. L'immense bassin versant de la Plaine du Cul-de-Sac, qui s'étend sur 9 communes représente une priorité pour le Ministère de l'Environnement. L'inondation de samedi soir n'a pas endommagé l'ouvrage d'art construit récemment sur la rivière de Montrouis. Le directeur département est préoccupé par la

situation à Montrouis et à Léogane, deux régions très vulnérables. Il révèle que les organismes de l'Etat réalisent des interventions, telles curage du lit et colmatage des berges, dans la rivière Rouyonne à Léogane. 000000 La gouverneure générale du Canada, Michaëlle Jean, a fait remarquer qu'Haïti n'est pas en train de se relever 6 mois, après le séisme du 12 janvier. Lors d'une allocution à Paris, durant une convention annuelle, organisée par le réseau culturel des français vivant à l'étranger, la gouverneure a appelé à rompre avec la logique d'assistance et d'impliquer davantage la population haïtienne dans la reconstruction de leur pays. Six mois après le tremblement de terre du 12 janvier, ”une situation alarmante prévaut dans ce pays. Haïti s'en relève-t-il? Non. Pour le moment, il ne s'en relève pas”, a déploré, Madame Jean. La représentante de la Reine d'Angleterre au Canada affirme que le temps est venu de rompre avec la logique d'assistance qui a transformé Haïti en laboratoire. Tout en plaidant en faveur d'une nouvelle éthique du partage, elle indique que la solidarité devait s'exprimer en totale coopération avec le gouvernement haïtien. « Haïti ne se relèvera pas sans la participation pleine et entière des femmes, des hommes et des enfants de ce pays », a-telle déclaré, tout en réclamant la participation de la population dans la réalisation de chaque projet. EJ/Radio Métropole Haïti

La minorité ethnique haïtienne dans le paradigme racial américain. (Première partie) Du côté de chez Hugues par Hugues St. Fort

J’appelle paradigme racial américain le schéma de pensée dominant en Amérique qui conduit la population à articuler les relations raciales au sein de la société autour des catégories « noir » et « blanc ». Il y a bien sûr de solides références intellectuelles qui confirment cette articulation. J’en retiendrai deux  : d’abord, l’affirmation bien connue du célèbre sociologue noir américain, W.E.B. Du Bois, dans son introduction au classique « The Souls Of Black Folk  » (1903) «  …the problem of the Twentieth Century is the problem of the color line.  » (le problème du vingtième siècle est le problème de la discrimination raciale) (ma traduction). Ensuite, le livre non moins célèbre de l’économiste suédois Gunnar Myrdal « An American Dilemma : The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy » (1944). Il est bien connu maintenant que les identités raciales sont construites socialement. Les hiérarchies raciales en Amérique font partie de l’histoire

américaine et sont la conséquence de la colonisation européenne et de l’esclavage. Nous savons tous qu’en Amérique tous les niveaux du mélange noir-blanc à l’intérieur du corps social sont confinés dans la catégorie « noir ». Il suffit d’avoir une goutte de « sang noir » dans ses veines pour être considéré comme faisant partie du groupe traditionnellement placé dans la catégorie dont le statut racial est le plus bas, c’est-à-dire le groupe noir. Le paradigme racial américain ne peut fonctionner sans l’existence de cette catégorie « noir » tout en bas de la hiérarchie raciale dominée par la catégorie « blanc ». Il y a eu des tentatives, selon certains analystes, d’intégration de catégories raciales extérieures (Asiatiques, Hispanophones) dans la hiérarchie dominante où elles acquièrent le statut de « honorary whiteness » (blancs d’honneur) mais cela ne fait que confirmer le statut de la catégorie « noir » de groupe définitivement relégué au bas de la hiérarchie raciale américaine.

sont tout aussi visibles que les AfricainsAméricains dans le corps social américain  ? D’autre part, depuis au moins trois décennies (cf. l’arrivée massive des immigrants haïtiens qu’on a appelé les «  boat people  » au début des années 1980), la minorité ethnique haïtienne est singulièrement présente sur la scène sociale américaine et cette présence a rebondi tragiquement depuis le 12 janvier 2010.

On comprend mieux maintenant cette insistance à vouloir identifier les rapports raciaux dans la société américaine dans le cadre du seul aspect « noir » vs « blanc » Où se situe exactement (s’il est possible de la situer) la minorité ethnique haïtienne à l’intérieur de ce paradigme racial puisque, à cause de leur phénotype, les Haïtiens

De plus en plus de chercheurs haïtiens (Laguerre, Michel S., 1984, 1998  ; Zéphir, Flore, 1996, 2001  ; Fouron, Georges, 2001) et étrangers (Stepick, Alex, 1998 ; Melyon-Reinette, Stéphanie, 2009) s’intéressent à la place des Haïtiens dans le paysage racial américain. Les questions qui dominent leurs recherches sont

Mon point de vue ici est de montrer que la minorité ethnique haïtienne a connu une évolution en dents de scie. Sa perception dépend du groupe racial et ethnique qui l’observe. La première génération a connu une traversée et une identification flottantes au sein de la société américaine. En revanche, la seconde génération semble relativement bien intégrée au paysage racial américain tel qu’on le connaît depuis plusieurs siècles, malgré une certaine tendance au transnationalisme cher à la première génération.

celles-ci  : Comment sont-ils perçus dans la société américaine  ? Sont-ils acceptés ou rejetés ? Quels sont leurs rapports avec les autres groupes ethniques ou raciaux qui constituent le corps social américain ? Comment se perçoivent-ils eux-mêmes dans les grandes villes de la côte est (New York, Boston, Miami, Washington, DC) où la majorité d’entre eux résident ? Les historiens de l’émigration haïtienne vers les États-unis font remonter l’arrivée plus ou moins massive des immigrants haïtiens dans les grandes villes américaines vers la fin des années 1960 et le début des années 1970, quand la répression duvaliériste battait son plein en Haïti. Il existait auparavant une présence haïtienne en Amérique mais elle était relativement limitée et se composait de personnes appartenant aux diverses classes moyennes éduquées qui voulaient tenter leur chance dans une société développée. Comme nous l’avons signalé plus haut, c’est au début des années 1980 que les immigrants haïtiens ont commencé à arriver en masse aux États-unis. Aujourd’hui, il est estimé que, toutes générations confondues, plus d’un million d’immigrants haïtiens vivent aux États-unis. A suivre Contactez Hugues St.Fort à Hugo274@aol.com


July 21 - July 27, 2010

Minors Languish in Haiti's Overcrowded Jails

The Haitian Times

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By Alice Speri Haitian Times Staff

PORT-AU-PRINCE – Eleven year-old Carmen Suze quarrel with a classmate landed her in jail. Her voice barely audible, she explained that her friend had lifted her skirt and had been the first to throw a rock, and that she didn’t know how badly she had hit her back. Eight days later, the girl died from the blunt force of Suze’s retaliation.  “I didn’t hit her so hard,” said Suze, who doesn’t know her friend died. She is now in jail waiting for a trial that may come in months and her family has no means to pay for a lawyer.   Suze is the youngest of 58 minors currently incarcerated in Port-au-Prince’s penitentiaries, held next to adult inmates, with no trial, no legal representation and in degrading conditions, Haiti’s National Human Rights Defense Network (RNDDH) said last month. Like much of the country’s infrastructure, Haiti’s penitentiary system suffered huge losses in the earthquake that devastated Port-au-Prince last January. Some 4,000 inmates escaped when the country’s largest prison collapsed, and while hundreds were rearrested in the following weeks, many more remain on the loose.  Though the United Nations, and international and Haitian groups like Human Rights Watch and the RNDDH have repeatedly denounced the practice of pretrial detention – a common practice long before the earthquake – little has changed.   Haiti’s chief prosecutor, Auguste Aristidas, said he has been working to put an end to extended pretrial detentions.   “It is our responsibility to make sure the arrested appear before a judge,” Aristidas said in an interview, though he admitted that the majority don’t. “We are fighting against these preventive detentions, we are trying to make sure there are no illegal arrests and that legal procedures are applied.”   Suze was arrested in May near the central plateau town of Mirebalais and taken to the Pétion- Ville Civil Prison. She is the last addition to a group of 15 girls age 11 to 17, who share a 40 square foot cell with two thin mattresses and a hammock in the country’s only penitentiary for women. The cell’s maximum capacity is four people, according to the RNDDH, which first denounced the prison’s conditions.   “Nobody explained to Suze what was happening or how long she would be here for,” said Marie-Yolaine Mathieu, the prison’s motherly warden, adding that it will likely take months for the girl to appear before a judge. Mathieu said she doesn’t know the details of the incident.  But like that of most inmates in Haitian jails, Suze’s detention is “preventive,” Mathieu explained, and based on little evidence. More than 76 percent of Haitian inmates are pretrial detainees, Human Rights Watch reported in 2009, a number only bound to increase following the judiciary chaos caused by the earthquake.  Lost staff, archives and damaged institutions have put a strain on a system that was already imperfect before, Aristidas said, echoed by penitentiary staff.   “They just send people to prison and forget them here,” said Mathieu, adding that many inmates have spent years waiting to be tried for crimes for which the maximum sentence would be a few months. “The

girls keep asking me, when will we be tried? How long will we be here?”  Aristidas said the conditions of minors in jails are “intolerable” and has been pushing the Ministry of Justice to intervene. He is also fighting illegal arrests and extended pretrial detentions, he said in an interview, and reviewing each prisoner’s case, he added, pointing to that of a 14 year-old boy who was recently rearrested after escaping in January. The boy had been held for months for stealing a gallon of cheap rum.   Aristidas said adequate resources to deal with juveniles are lacking, both at the judicial and at the penitentiary level.  “Minors should not be tried by common tribunals but by tribunals for children,” he said, admitting that when trials of minors do happen, they are technically illegal because carried out by unspecialized tribunals. A 1952 law mandated all Haitian civil tribunals to operate a separate section for minors, but this has failed to materialize due to lack of resources.  When children are arrested, Aristidas added, basic rights such as food and sanitation should be assured. “We must create an environment where reeducation can really be effective,” he said.   Charged with theft or assault and rarely with more severe crimes like kidnapping and murder, inmates wait in limbo, unable to afford legal defense. Eleven girls reached the age of majority while under custody in the Pétion-Ville prison, where pregnant women and inmates with babies are also incarcerated.   The facility shook with the January earthquake but didn’t collapse. Officials inspected the building and recommended repairs, but last week, inmates continued to live in the same overcrowded cells they occupied before, some with cracks in the walls.  “They told us we’re good for now but eventually we will need to fix this,” Mathieu said, adding that the penitentiary lacks the necessary means. “I have 306 women here, in a building that legally shouldn’t have more than 36.”   Though girls at the Petion-Ville prison attend classes sponsored by the United Nations and wardens even organized a small party for Haiti’s National Children’s Day on June 13, conditions remains dire, with no prospect of change. 

photos by Alice Speri

“How are they going to make up for the time they lost?” asked Mathieu, a mother herself, of her young inmates. “Every time I look at a child here I see my own daughter.”  The situation is worse at the National Penitentiary, in downtown Port-au-Prince, where 43 boys aged 13 to 17 share a “dirty, wet and foul smelling cell,” according to RNDDH.  These young inmates are part of the 214 minors who escaped the Delmas Civil Prison for juveniles, destroyed by the earthquake. The National Penitentiary was also damaged and 1,211 prisoners – many of them rearrested after they escaped in January – now share six cells, their walls sprayed with graffiti of slaves in chains.   Marie Yolène Gilles, an advocate with the RNDDH, regularly lobbies with prison authorities to improve living conditions for underage inmates.  Sitting in the office of the penitentiary’s new director, Denis Clarel, Gilles criticized the government for failing to protect incarcerated minors.  Clarel was appointed last May after his predecessor was suspended pending investigation of his involvement in the murder of 12 detainees in Les Cayes prison, last January.  A hundred mattresses still wrapped in

plastic lined his office wall – a gift from Haitian-American singer Wyclef Jean, who recently visited the prison. Wards said they were waiting for authorization from the director to bring some of the mattresses to the boys’ cells.  “Even if they do they won’t be able to fit them in there,” said Gilles, adding that inmates take turns sleeping because there is not enough room for all of them to lie down at the same time.  “There is no real will to change the situation,” Gilles later said, standing in the National Penitentiary’s steamy kitchen and checking with the cooks for the daily menu. Inmates are served two meals a day but have to rely on their families for drinking water or more varied nutrition. “Until I went on public radio to talk about it, all they got was rice, every day,” Gilles said.  Aristidas said the Ministry of Justice is doing what it can.  “The situation was always precarious, but January 12 complicated things tremendously,” he said. “We’re trying to change this, but it will take time.”  At the National Penitentiary and the Petion- Ville Civil Prison, teenagers and children like Carmen Suze continue to wait.  “I don’t like it here,” the girl said, looking to the ground. “I miss my parents.”


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The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Immigration-Related Laws Already a Potpourri in U.S. LOS ANGELES – Colorado restricts illegal immigrants from receiving in-state tuition. Nebraska requires verification of immigration status to obtain public benefits. In Tennessee, knowingly presenting a false ID card to get a job is a misdemeanor. Arizona’s strict new law has generated the most controversy, but there are hundreds of immigration-related laws on the books across the United States. The laws regulate employment, law enforcement, education, benefits and health care. The U.S. Department of Justice filed a lawsuit last week to stop the Arizona law from taking effect July 29, saying that immigration policy is a national responsibility and “a patchwork of state laws will only create more problems than it solves.” But according to experts, that is precisely what exists. In fact, the number of immigrationrelated laws and resolutions enacted by states surged to 333 last year, up from 32 in 2005, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. And during the first three months of 2010, lawmakers introduced more than 1,000 bills and resolutions, though it’s too early to tell how many will become law. Bills on topics such as employment verification and driver’s license requirements are on the table in 45 states. “Lawmakers are frustrated with the federal inaction,” said Ann Morse, program director for the organization’s Immigrant Policy Project. “Until the federal government acts, states will still see this as an area where they see the need to play a leadership role.” Already, legislators in five states – South Carolina, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Rhode Island and Michigan – have introduced bills similar to Arizona’s SB 1070, which requires police to check the immigration status of people they lawfully stop and suspect are in the country illegally, according to the organization. As of last month, six resolutions had been passed in five states regarding SB 1070 – four opposing it and two supporting it. The law has prompted lawsuits, protests and boycotts.

“I frankly understand the position Arizona finds itself in,” said Virginia state Sen. John Watkins. “We all live in elected republics. The pressure gets put on, especially in tough economic times.” Watkins said he is frustrated that Congress cannot get beyond the politics on immigration. “The federal government has walked away from its responsibility. They are the reason states are scrambling.” In a speech this month at American University, President Barack Obama called for comprehensive immigration reform but did not set any timetable for legislation to be introduced. States have a long history of enacting immigration laws. In 1996, after Congress denied welfare to most legal immigrants, states stepped in with laws to provide safety net services. And following the Sept. 11 attacks, state lawmakers passed bills aimed at protecting national security. “People were concerned about dangerous immigrants in their midst and they thought they should take matters into their own hands,” said Muzaffar Chishti, director of the Migration Policy Institute’s office at New York University School of Law. The increase in state laws parallels the changing settlement patterns of illegal immigrants. Between 1990 and 2008, illegal immigration slowed significantly in California but grew in Georgia, North Carolina and other states, according to a 2009 Pew Hispanic Center report. “These are not your typical immigrantreceiving states, so they are not accustomed to having large immigrant populations,” said Michele Waslin, senior analyst at the Immigration Policy Center. “They are struggling with how to deal with new populations.” Citizen groups also noticed the demographic change and the federal government’s inaction. Carol Helm, retired from the oil and gas industry, started an organization in 2004 called Immigration Reform for Oklahoma Now. She began working with lawmakers in the state capital to draft legislation that

would restrict the rights of illegal immigrants who were coming in large numbers to the state in search of jobs. Lawmakers passed the bill in 2007, limiting the ability of illegal immigrants to get public assistance and giving police the authority to check the immigration status of anyone arrested. “The constituents’ voices were heard,” Helm said. “They are the ones who actually pushed it.” Not all of the laws are anti-immigrant, said Suman Raghunathan, immigration policy specialist at the Progressive States Network. Ten states have passed laws to allow undocumented college students to pay in-state tuition, and several have expanded access to state-funded health benefits and improved enforcement of wage and hour laws. “There is an alternative way to look at this … for legislators to realize the value of integrating and welcoming immigrants and immigrant families to their states,” she said. Washington state Rep. Sharon Tomiko Santos said that although immigration falls under the federal government’s jurisdiction, states are responsible for illegal immigrants living within their borders.

States have to pay the bulk of the cost for education, health care and incarceration of illegal immigrants, and they must help newcomers integrate. Santos said the conflicting laws from state to state can create confusion. For example, a company may have offices in two states – in one that requires employment verification and in one that doesn’t. “It is exactly those kinds of issues that need to be worked out at the federal level so that there is no question across the 50 states as to what the rules are,” she said. Santos said states generally agree that the enforcement of civil immigration policy is a federal responsibility. “It is not a responsibility that states necessarily want,” she said. But Federation for American Immigration Reform President Dan Stein said immigration policy is inevitably a partnership between states and the federal government. The states are “the keys to the kingdom” – where immigrants get identification documents, services and jobs, he said. “If you try only to control immigration at the border … it’s an exercise in futility,” he said. “National immigration policy can only be carried out with the participation of the states.”


July 21 - July 27, 2010

The Haitian Times

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The Haitian Times

EDITORIALS/OPINIONS

The Maximization of a Reimbursement

Last week, the French Ministry of For- Toulouse in France. According to the 2004 Report Map of eign and European Affairs announced that “France is committing €17 billion Poverty in Haiti, the Central Plateau is the to help Haiti rebuild after the catastrophic third departmental area with 3674 km2 earthquake that struck the impoverished after the Artibonite 4983 km2 and the Caribbean nation six months ago.” The North 4834 km2. However, with a populaannouncement was made in a press confer- tion of less than 600,000 inhabitants, the ence in Paris, where the ministry unveiled Central Plateau is the least populated of the French government’s new bilateral the country with a density of only 153 Framework Initiative for Haiti’s Recon- compare to the West department with 640. We mentioned Toulouse because it has struction (FIHR). This announcement was confirmed an area of 3700 km2 and comprise a land by Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner area (rural), an urban area and a metropolis who stated in an interview with AFP area. Indeed, Toussaintville should include an agriculture area, that “six months after an urban area and an the earthquake that industrial area. Toudevastated Haiti, the Looking for a bright louse is the home base need for the international community future, we must envision of the European aerospace industry, with to step up and help big accomplishment. the headquarters of Haiti has never been Airbus, Galileo posimore urgent. “ And tioning system, the Koucner insisted: SPOT satellite sys“Due to France’s shared history and friendship with Haiti, tem, and CNES's Toulouse Space Centre we are taking these responsibilities very (CST), the largest space centre in Europe. seriously,” Later, it was explained that Its world renowned university is one of the this French generous initiative will be oldest in Europe (founded in 1229) and, with more than 97,000 students, is with extended on 50 years. During this time, Haiti should be prepar- Lille the third-largest university campus of ing all along to celebrate with that France’s France after Paris and Lyon. Looking for a bright future, we must support its 250th year of independence by constructing a livable and durable monu- envision big accomplishment. We may ment. This should entail a master planning never reach the level of our hope but we of development of the Central Plateau to must keep alive the pursuit of our dream. become an exceptional, beautiful and effi- Surprisingly the Central Plateau has looseciently designed agglomeration not only ly the shape of an hexagon like France. in Haiti but in comparison of many other However, in addition to the existing cities parts of the world as well. These €17 bil- and communities on the plateau now, the lion proposed by the French government master plan could extend to include the should not get lost in the pool of money historic city of Arcahaie and the Nord tip that will be contributed to help the “recon- of the West department to give the now struction of Haiti.” It should be seen as a metropolis access to the sea and eventually reimbursement for a wrong payment made connect with La Gonave. Such mega project would insure work for years back. This new metropolis should be called at least two millions of Haitians for many “Tossaintville” or “Tousenvil” easily writ- years, motivate development programs in ten in the two national languages – French the neighboring departments and beyond. and Creole- of Haiti. It can be an excep- This is a dream that can become a glorious tional historic monument that can become reality depending on the dynamism and an acceptable challenge for the French patriotism of all those who will have the proven ability and the Haitian talent. A responsibility to envision that great future project of that magnitude for Haiti will not for Haiti who can become once more the cover an area any larger than the city of first triumphant Black Republic.

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July 21 - July 27, 2010

Haiti: 500 years of terror Under The

Radar

By Max A. Joseph Jr.

The history of Haiti began on the 5th of December when Christopher Columbus and his party arrived at Môle Saint Nicolas which is on the northwestern part of Hayti, the appellation by which the island was known to the native Taino Indians. Stunned by the beauty of the island and topographical similarity to Spain, Columbus named the land La Espanola. Possessing military superiority over the natives, the Spaniards swiftly enslaved the Indians who perished by the thousands from forced labor and diseases brought on by the Europeans. In 1514, a Spaniard priest, Bartolome de Las Casas, who would later be remembered and celebrated as “Defender of the oppressed” in nearby Cuba, started a campaign to outlaw the practice. By 1542, Las Casas succeeded when the Spanish throne adopted a series of laws prohibiting Indian slavery in its colonies. Soon thereafter, the first African slaves began arriving in Hispaniola as replacement labor. His advocacy on behalf of the Indians, who were dying in large numbers, no doubt started the enslavement of Africans in the Americas, which ended in 1888 when Brazil became the last country in the western hemisphere to abolish slavery. In the competition among European powers vying for supremacy, the riches of Hayti or La Espanola naturally attracted the attention of French and English pirates who began harassing and capturing Spanish ships returning to Spain with their cargoes of gold. Many French pirates (buccaneers) eventually settled in Tortuga Island (Ile de la Tortue) and refused to submit to the authority of the Spaniards. After decades of conflicts between French buccaneers and Spaniard colonists, France and Spain agreed to divide the island under The Treaty of Ryswick in 1697. The French renamed the western part that fell under their control: Saint Domingue which, by the 18th century, was France’s richest colony, home to vast plantations of coffee, sugarcane and indigo produced with the forced labor of more than 500.000 African slaves supervised by 40.000 French citizens. In 1791, however, the slaves rebelled. Toussaint Breda, a house slave, took over the insurrection and guided it through many victories over England, Spain, and France. In 1801, Toussaint, then known by the name Louverture, abolished slavery and proclaimed himself Governor General of Saint Domingue. This infuriated Napoleon Bonaparte who sent 20.000 French soldiers to retake the island under the leadership of his brother-in-law General Charles Leclerc. After many inconclusive battles, Leclerc and Toussaint signed a treaty on May 7, 1802 on the condition that slavery would not be reestablished at Saint Domingue. The French however never intended to keep their part of the bargain.

Toussaint retired to his farm at Ennery only to be arrested by the duplicitous French and sent to France where he died of pneumonia (the version put forward by his captors) on April 3rd 1803 at a prison in Fort-du-Joux in the French Alps. On his way to France, Toussaint prophesized: ”In overthrowing me you have cut down at Saint Domingue only the trunk of the tree of liberty, it will spring up again from the roots, for they are deep and numerous.” Indeed, on November 18th 1803, a little more than two years after Toussaint’s arrest and deportation to France, the slaves under the leadership of his chief lieutenant, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, finally defeated the French at Vertières. On January 1st 1804, Saint Domingue was remained Haiti, an independent and sovereign country which was to serve as a refuge to all free Negroes desiring to live in peace. To slave-owning nations such as Britain, France, Spain, Holland and the U.S, this was indeed an unpardonable offense and, for that reason, Haiti has been subjected to an endless indignities ranging from economic embargoes, extortion and military invasions that not only impoverished its people but prevented the proud little nation from fulfilling its destiny. The most egregious of them all was the imposition by Charles X of France of an indemnity as condition to recognizing Haiti’s independence in 1825. The extortion, backed by threats of invasion of Haiti by France and its allies to restore slavery, remains “the supreme act of arrogance and piracy in the history of the world”, akin to Germany blockading the State of Israel and demanding a ransom for the Holocaust. It took little and defenseless Haiti 122 years (1825-1947) to service the debt, leaving successive governments with little or nothing to build the infrastructure of a modern state. Today Haiti is derisively known as the poorest country in the Americas and is the recipient of thoughtless and unqualified comments by detractors who refuse to acknowledge the role played by the slaveowning nations which ironically consider themselves “paragon of virtues” as it relates to human rights and dignity. Consistent with the politic of subjugation of Haiti, a nascent albeit imperfect move toward democracy and social justice was summarily brought to an end on February 29, 2004 when French and U.S forces invaded the country and exiled its president to faraway Africa. Having lost two percent of its population as a result of the January 12th earthquake, Haiti now needs a helping hand not charity, which usually comes with condescension, undue interference and other dehumanizing conditions. Our resolve is being tested but we will endure as we have done throughout our troubled existence. The land of Dessalines, Toussaint, Biassou, Jean Francois and Capois La Mort will not be abandoned to predators masquerading as saviors, Mediterranean transplants acting as plenipotentiary representatives of absentee colonizers or impenitent collaborators seeking favors from the powers-that-be. Contact Joseph at djougan@yahoo. com


The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

When there are no more words Ilio's

Odyssey

By Ilio Durandis

Lately, everyone has something to say when it comes to Haiti. There is a group of people who see nothing positive whatsoever about the country. There is another group that is simply denying the reality on the ground, and looking to blame others for Haiti’s ill fate. And then, there’s yet another group that is playing advocate for the mass to the detriment of everyone else. Through all of it, there is not a single group that could claim to have the solution for getting Haiti out of this quagmire. I am not sure where I fall in these groups, but my goal is to try to stir conversation that could lead to a permanent solution for Haiti and the Haitian race. Every now and then, I would advance a discussion, and many of my readers would ask me to lay out the plan for them. They would tell me to stop writing or talking, but rather to show them the way, and exactly how to accomplish some of the things that I write about. Haiti is a country that has not only been misrepresented, but completely misunderstood. Before I started writing this weekly column, I found very little writings on Haiti that really addressed the issues of the day. For the most part, most news reporting are based on promoting an idea over another rather than trying to chal-

7

lenge the readers to take a critical look outlets were celebrating the six month genesis of why Haiti had to rely on others at Haiti. anniversary of the quake that hit Haiti. throughout its birth. I’d like to think that I offer a different An event that took lives that were never It was not the choice of Haiti’s founders perspective. I’m an optimist, and see the properly buried and left millions in the to have a nation that would become the positive side of things first and foremost. abyss of hopelessness, but yet in the eyes biggest beggar of the region. Their intenIn my writings, I hope that people would of many, the reconstruction should have tion was clear and pure: They wanted see beyond the words that are printed, but been a home run by now; this is not fair freedom at all cost. And that freedom was instead reaching within themselves to find expectations. not simply to have broken the physical things that they can do to make a differIt cannot be easy being in Haiti with no chain of slavery, but also to control every ence. I write because it is one of the many idea of what tomorrow would bring, and fiber of their destiny. ways that I can contribute to a positive yet after each special date to be bombardThe vision was on point, “Rather than and progressive Haiti. ever serving another master, we We are at a roadblock as a nation. shall always choose death” stated A juncture, where there are more Jacques Dessalines. For those It was not the choice of Haiti’s Jean ways to get lost than to stay on the words, Haiti was highlighted with right course. It is a delicate situation, a permanent marker to remind the founders to have a nation that and one that most definitely requires oppressors this country should never humility and clear-headed in order to would become the biggest beggar be forgiven. make the right decision. In the search of freedom and selfOur generation is tasked to lay of the region. Their intention was determination, Haiti became the bigthe foundation on what future gengest enemy of wealthy nations. It is clear and pure: They wanted erations will build their nation. The not a coincidence that no one wants challenge is enormous, but if we start to allow the Haitian people enough freedom at all cost. to see the task as a singular event, time to mourn their lost, and let then we would realize that we do not them decide their own destiny, for have to do it all in order to make a doing so would lead to the virtue of significant contribution in the welthe words spoken by Dessalines to fare of this new Haiti. ed by journalists who only care about get- become a reality. A free and prosperous We must approach Haiti like a soccer ting a story that can sell. The earthquake Haiti is not simply a good thing for Haigame or the same way a baseball player has done great damage to Haiti and the tians, but it would mark the freedom of prepares himself to face a pitcher. Just people. It is real people feeling real pain, humanity and the victory of perseverance like in soccer, it is not easy to score from so it is a bit unwarranted to turn the event over oppression. one’s own goal line; getting Haiti to stand into a satire. Sometimes we cannot write in details straight won’t be done in a blink of an eye For those in the blaming group, the six the plan that would lead to a nation’s or with a stroke of a pen. It will be pain- months mark gave them great ammuni- liberation. Often, we cannot plan the outful, difficult, and with many setback, but tions to broadcast. They could write up come of our resistance. As people continunderstanding the reasons why we must about the ineptitude of the Haitian gov- ue to write and talk about our conditions, get it right will give us the stamina to stay ernment, the lack of patriotism from the we can only hope of what will happen the course. elite, the need for a mentality change when there are no more words. Last week, all the international news from the mass, and completely ignore the Contact Ilio at Ilio@zanmi.com.

Census sets off a battle to redraw voter districts – and power in Congress All eyes are on the US House in this fall’s election, but that’s not the only place where a political earthquake might shake up power. A mad scramble is also on to influence elections for state legislatures, as well as goverOPINION nors. National political bigwigs and big dollars – record amounts, actually – are focused on these local races. The reason? This is a census year, and it is these newly elected officials who will use the new population numbers to redraw the boundaries of voter districts. Those districts will then set the contours of power and policy for the next decade. Republicans see the opportunity for a long-lasting comeback in Washington if they can tip enough statehouses their way, and thus come up with voter districts likely to elect Republicans to Congress again and again. Likewise, Democrats are working hard to defend their mapping turf. There would be nothing wrong with the mad scramble were it not for the fact that it’s scrambling American democracy. Many state legislatures and governors have gotten increasingly caught up in sophisticated “gerrymandering” of voter

districts – shaping “safe” districts according to computer programs that reliably return incumbents to power. Legislators are selecting their voters, instead of voters selecting their lawmakers. The US Constitution requires redistricting after every census in order to make districts roughly equal in population, guaranteeing equal representation across the land. It leaves the method up to the states, though, and oh, the self-serving methods that many state politicians have chosen. The party in power uses technology to account not only for population, but also voter registration data, voting patterns, and the addresses of incumbent lawmakers (in some cases, maps have been refigured so that an incumbent of the opposing party is drawn right out of his or her home district). Thus are born districts that are no longer competitive, that don’t foster the free exchange of ideas, that hatch more extreme candidates who play to their home base, and that lead to hardened, immovable positions in elected bodies. Under these practices, incumbents rule: In 2008, 87 percent of incumbents were returned to the House; in 2006, it was

89 percent; in 2004, 91 percent were reelected. Fair mapping means creating districts that are contiguous and compact, equal and united – districts that reflect a community with common interests, such as

The US Constitution requires redistricting after every census in order to make districts roughly equal in population, guaranteeing equal representation across the land. shared schools and a jobs base. Gerrymandering produces oddly shaped districts that unite like-minded people but little else. There is a way to foster fair districting, and that is to have maps drawn by nonpartisan or bipartisan commissions

or panels. Iowa, for instance, turns to its “Legislative Services Agency,” a nonpartisan group of lawyers and economists who are not allowed to use political data such as voter registration or preferences. They submit their maps to the legislature for an up or down vote. The process is seen as fair by both parties. Commissions have caught on in about a dozen states, pushed toward this solution by fed-up voters and even politicians. In California, where only one seat out of 314 congressional and state legislative races changed hands in 2008, Republican Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has strongly backed redistricting reform. Two years ago, voters there approved an initiative to let a panel of citizens set boundaries for state legislative contests. This year, a measure to extend that to congressional districts is on the ballot. “There’s more turnover in the Kremlin than there’s turnover here in California,” the governor once quipped. Competitive races strengthen America’s democracy. If state legislators and governors don’t recognize that, voters should point them to nonpartisan or bipartisan mappers who do. The opinion was first published in Christian Science Monitor


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The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

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T h e New N e w HaitianTimes.com H a i t i a n T i m e s . co m The The Haitian Times website has more features and functions than ever before. •Daily local and international news updates •Online Forum •Comments on Articles •Advertising packages for small businesses

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The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Haiti holds its breath CARREFOUR, HAITI — The child, born five hours after the earthquake, is aptly named Catastrofé. Catastrofé's home, like 1.3 million others in the Port-au-Prince area, is now a small, dark, stifling tent with no nearby water source, no food and no toilet facilities. But his tent city -- the only home he has ever known -- is unique and the most dangerous in the Port-au-Prince area. ”The people in the middle” live on a narrow median on Ray Road, the busiest thoroughfare in Carrefour, where tap-taps, trucks, vendors, pedestrians and now 600 residents coexist among the blaring horns, filth and choking exhaust. Six months after the devastating Jan. 12 quake killed more than 200,000 people in the western hemisphere's poorest country, Haitians complain of little or no food, a lack of local government leadership and no escape from tent cities. With most experts predicting a busy hurricane season, Haitians have little recourse as storms approach. Titusville missionary Joe Hurston, who has made 12 trips to Haiti since the earthquake, is concentrating his efforts on providing relief for three tent cities as well

as securing a safe haven for the masses should a hurricane strike. Hurston already has made secret arrangements to use a shelter facility and hopes to keep Haitians safe there for 48 hours after a hurricane. ”Can you imagine what would happen to these people in their tents when 100 mph winds come through?” Hurston said while touring the large abandoned building near Bon Repos, a space that could easily fit 25,000 evacuees. ”I'm not looking to start a refugee camp, just a place where people can go. This building is perfect and it will save lives. I'm hoping to light a fire because I can't do this by myself.” Seeking shelter Catastrofé's mother, 25-year-old Lucian Fania, described how the earthquake caused her to go into labor about six weeks early. She fled to a highway median with her husband and two small children, believing that was the safest place to escape debris from falling buildings. Behind the scant privacy of a towel, she gave birth. ”We're waiting for the government to get us out of the street,” she said. ”If a storm comes, then I guess we will just have to

Baker visits Haiti with home-building program

Catcher describes living conditions on island as 'disturbing' MIAMI -- John Baker's road to recovery from an arm injury now includes an eye-opening and humbling trip to Haiti. The Marlins catcher, who has been on the disabled list since May 15 with a strained right flexor forearm muscle, took part in a recent relief visit to Haiti. Baker was part of an effort by the Marlins and the Food for the Poor program, which is raising money to build concrete homes in Haiti. Haiti was devastated in January by an earthquake, which left thousands homeless in the impoverished nation. The program is seeking to raise $150,000 to build a village. ”It was really disturbing. I was really unprepared for what I saw,” Baker said of his July 6 visit. ”The best way I can describe it is, it was so scary to see that I couldn't take photographs of some of the

find someplace else to live.” Others say they will just wait out any storms because there is no place to go. Gerta Mojen, 44, who shares her small tent on the median with three relatives, knows a hurricane would prove deadly for many people. ”We would just have to make the best of it and stay here if a hurricane comes,” she said. ”This is our lot in life. Whatever falls on us falls on us.” Backup plans Hurston, who lived in Haiti for more than 20 years, knows how things work in the country. That's why he has not gone to the government for permission to use the abandoned building as a shelter. Located less than five miles from two tent cities, the single-story building withstood the 7.0 magnitude earthquake with minimal damage. ”If you tell the government, they will surround it with razor wire and charge you $10,000 a month to use it,” Hurston said, as he met last week with several large faith-based relief groups looking for assistance. He scored a major coup when Bobby and Sherry Burnett of Love-a-Child in Haiti, agreed to fill a 40-foot container of food for the hurricane evacuation shelter. The Burnetts, who used to run a church in Rockledge, now live in Haiti full-time. ”We'd be glad to help,” Bobby Burnett said. ”It's a wonderful idea.” Another group is working to provide a large water bladder; still another will provide security at and around the shelter. Many relief organizations, whose leaders

did not want to be quoted directly because of their need to keep good working relationships with the Haitian government, complained of food shortages despite billions of dollars in aid that poured into Haiti after the quake. They told stories about shakedowns at the port and new taxes on relief aid. Never enough The Hurstons have been trying to provide food and clean water to the tent cities, though they know what they bring will never be enough. ”Some of these people haven't eaten in three days,” Cindy Hurston said as she went from tent to tent, handing out small bags of rice and beans. ”These are the communities that keep me awake at night. But they are places where you can make a measurable difference. First, you just need to keep them alive.” One child the Hurstons are trying to keep alive is a three-month-old, badly malnourished girl named Cathy Desi, who lives with her parents in the ”Canaan II” tent city in Bon Repos, where thousands of tents line the side of an otherwise picturesque mountainside. ”I have hope for Haiti when I see this child,” said the baby's mother, Elda Bazine, who is not receiving enough nourishment to be able to produce milk for the baby. ”I don't know how I can feed her.” The team from Brevard County returned to the woman's tent three times last week to discreetly bring her food, baby formula see BREATH on page 23

places.” The images Baker saw were children living in garbage, and homes made of garbage, and this was in a part of the island not touched by the earthquake. ”I was shocked. Shocked,” Baker said. ”They need to build concrete homes. That's what they're in the process of doing. If they raise $150,000, they build a village.” When the Marlins face the Braves on July 23 at Sun Life Stadium, a portion of the proceeds from tickets sold will go toward the Homes for Haiti program. As for Baker's injury status, he began taking some swings Thursday. He hopes to start a throwing program soon. ”I'd like to play sometime in August. I don't know the day,” he said. ”I think initially it was Aug. 1. We put the timetable back a little bit.”

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The Haitian Times

Paj Kreyòl Ayisyen

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Dèyè Sodo Nouyòk (1) Pawòl Gen Pawòl Avèk Wozvèl Jan — Batis M si pifò nan nou gentan ap rale tit la, pati avè l nan tout direksyon, pou nou cha­ che ki sans li pote dèyè li. Se nòmal pou nou reyaji konsa, paske on tit toujou gen on pretèks ki pote l. Sitou tit sa a li menm, li gen on mo ladan l ki lou … ak tout kalite mistè. Kidonk fòk nou ban m on chans pou m trase fwontyè tit la pou nou. N a remake m pa ekri “Sodo, Nouyòk”: kidonk m pa p pale de on vil yo ta rele Sodo nan eta Nou­yòk, ni tou de yon katye ki ta rele Sodo nan vil Nouyòk. M di Sodo Nouyòk paske se on pawòl m tande, osnon m imajine m tande, etan m te nan zòn Monkamèl la, nan 116 la, vandredi pase. Kidonk se ta anbyans Sodo a nan Nouyòk… Fò m di nou m pa gen okenn souvni bon Sodo a. M pa t janm al la. Men m chonje, epòk lè m te timoun, soti laj nevan rive trèzan, m te konn al pase vakans twa mwa Pòto­prens. Epòk sa a, ma­tant mwen te rete sou Granri a, anfas Lako, kay Fèdinan. Devan boutik Fèdinan an, kamyon

ka­wo­sri te konn toujou ap debake anbake madan sara ak pasaje pou Vilbonè, Sodo. Se nan pyès Siksto a, Loktama Konpè, m jwenn on pòtre anbyans Sodo. Lè nou fin koute l avè m, n a antre nan anbyans Sodo Nouyòk la. “Loktama te di m, mwen menm, depi l tikatkat, chak ane, li gen pou l al Sodo. Li pa janm man­ke fèt Sodo. Lè l rive Sodo, se bò legliz la li lwe kay. Alò, se pou sa l te konn di, li se vwazin Vyèj Mirak. Lè konsa, lavèy fèt la, li chita sou galri li, li gade l wè jenn mesye yo k ap pase avèk mennaj yo anba bra yo […] Alò, Loktama li menm, li gen on ti jan tris… Men, yon jou apremidi, lavèy fèt la, li wè on kamyon chaje k ap debake peleren. Loktama di: “M-hou! Genlè gen on ba­gay ki vini pou mwen nan kamyon sa a. Li gade kamyon an byen, epi on ti moman, li leve, epi li pwoche bò kamyon an, paske l wè youn ki gen on ti pake anba li, li wè se on epav, men yon bèl grimèl, byen gra. Loktama pwoche kot grimèl la, epi li di l konsa: “M-hou…Mmm! Kòman, ou ap vini Sodo, ou pa menm voye di m sa, pou m ta kite kay pou ou, pou m ta konnen ou ap vini pou m resevwa ou.” Grimèl la di [ak on pale nan nen]: “Se mwen menm, mesye Loktama?’ “Ga­de ou ap mande m si se ou menm, se ou menm pitit mwen.” Li di: “Msye Lotktama, se cheve m m al fè wi. Se gren­mesi chofè

a la a, ki vin rete devan pòt la, kote m ap fè cheve m lan wi; li di fè on ti plas pou mwen nan kamyon an, ki fè ou wè m la a. Se devan legliz m t apral dòmi wi aswè a.” “Ase betize non pitit. Sa yo rele dòmi… M pa ta ka Sodo, epi pou ou twouve ou ap dòmi de­van legliz! Vin mache non pou ou ale wè kay mwen kite pou resevwa ou.” “Kote l wi Msye Lok­tama?” “Mache non pitit, ou ap mande m kote l! Mache non…!” Loktama rive devan galri a, tou kole Vyèj Mi­rak, li di li, rantre non pitit pou ou wè de pyès kay ak on salon byen poudre, ki chita k ap tann ou.” Fi a rantre andedan an, li di: “Mhou? Mezanmi, Vyèj Mirak, ou se moun pou yo respekte, ga­de sa mwen menm ki konprann m pral dòmi ala bèl etwal…” Loktama di li, gade non pitit, kite m mande ou on bagay: “Èske ou manje deja?” Li di: “Men msye Loktama, m pa di ou se cheve m m t ap fè, epi…” “Enben, ha! Kite koze sa a. Kote tigason an? Vin al chanje manje pou mwen nan men manzè Àn Moris… Pandanstan sa a, li chita lan salon an avèk fi a, l ape pale avèk li. Li di l: “Men gade non, se pa Ti Kam yo rele ou?” Li di l: “Msye Loktama, ou pa twonpe ou non: Ti Kam, se sè mwen, mwen menm, m se Fifin.” “Anhan, ou sè sa en, Fifin? Tande non, Fifin, n apral manje la a, men te m mande ou on bagay. Èske ou vin pou ou fete fèt Vyèj Mirak?” Li di: “Msye Loktama, m pa ta monte la a,

lavèy fèt la, sa m ap vin fè, si m pa ta vin fete.” “Palemwadsa! Ou se moun ki pran ti bwason ou?” Li di: “Msye Loktama, m pa fè lizay, men mezanmi, m pa kwè sètin repwòch, jodi lavèy fèt la pou m pa ta ka bwè on ti bwason.” “Aaa! M konprann ou pitit mwen. Bon konben tan ou ap fè isit?” “Msye Loktama, mwen menm, m pa moun ki vin Sodo, pou se kouri m kouri monte, se pa pipi m vin pipi. M ap fè valè de 8 jou. Fò m al benyen nan so, fò m al chita pale a Vyèj la.” “Palemwadsa, pitit mwen!” Loktama chita avèk li, dekoupe kòpyèz. Epi, lè yo fin desann twa boutèy wonm, Loktama ap foure on vye pidjama sou li, epi fi a andedan an, fi a di l konsa: “Msye Loktama, ou pa konn sa m t ap di ou?” “Wi, ti cheri, sa ou t ap di m?” Li di: “Msye Loktama, ou pa p ka vin kouche la a kote m lan non. […] Manman m te fè ve pou mwen depi m piti. M pa gen dwa vin wè Vyèj la, pou m nan afè kouche ak gason.” […] Enben, tande non Ti Kam… Fifin […] ou wè twa boutèy Babankou ou desann avèk mwen la a, Babankou … se pa on nonm ki nan rans ak moun non! Alò, bliye afè ve ou la tande. […] Paske mwen menm, ou wè boutèy wonm sa yo, ou menm, ou an ve (V), mwen menm, yo mete m an doubleve (W)!” Kontakte Wozvèl Jan-Batis nan rorojb@netzero.com

South Africans Mark Mandela's birthday PRETORIA, South Africa – A South African community once riven by anti-foreigner violence came together Sunday in the spirit of Nelson Mandela to play a little soccer. The so-called ”goodwill games” were among activities around the world marking Mandela Day, which falls on Mandela's July 18 birthday and was conceived as an international day devoted to public service. Community leaders in Atteridgeville organized the unity-building tournament of teams of South Africans, Zimbabweans, Mozambicans and Somalis who all live in this poor, black neighborhood on the western edge of South Africa's capital. Mandela, who turned 92 years old on Sunday and is largely retired from public life, was spending the day with his family in Johannesburg. Early Sunday, his wife went to an orphanage in Soweto to help plant a vegetable garden. ”Today is an opportunity for millions of people around the world to look inside themselves and find those beautiful qualities as any human being has and say: `I am able to make a difference to my neighbor, to someone underprivileged, I can extend my goodness to other people,'” Mandela's wife Graca Machel said Sunday. She said that while her husband was no longer so physically strong, ”his spirit is strong as

ever.” President Jacob Zuma and other government officials were marking the day in Mandela's birthplace of Mvezo by planting trees and painting class rooms in that far southern region of the country that is among the poorest in South Africa. In a speech in Mvezo, Zuma said Mandela taught South Africans that ”we must work together to entrench African unity and solidarity in our country.” He said South Africans had embraced visitors from the rest of the continent during the World Cup that ended a week ago. After their own national team was knocked out early, many South Africans cheered for Ghana, the African team that went the farthest in the tournament. ”We urge a continuation of this spirit of African unity, love and friendship,” Zuma said. President Barack Obama, in a statement released Sunday by the White House, wished Mandela a happy birthday. ”We are grateful to continue to be blessed with his extraordinary vision, leadership, and spirit. And we strive to build upon his example of tolerance, compassion and reconciliation,” President Obama said. He encouraged the public to heed the call to engage in some form of service to others, and said of Mandela, ”We strive to follow his example of what it means to

truly give back to our communities, our nations, and our world.” Mandela Day organizers in South Africa this year had called on citizens to, among other things, honor the anti-apartheid leader by devoting time to calming fears anti-foreigner sentiment could again erupt into widespread violence, as it did in Atteridgeville and across the country in 2008. National police commissioner Nathi Mthethwa was in Atteridgeville Sunday. He kicked a ball around with young men on a dusty field next to a cemetery before the tournament began. Earlier, he addressed a crowd of about 1,000 on the field. Mthethwa said Mandela had taught South Africans about the need for unity and cohesion. The people of Atteridgeville listened intently to Mthethwa, some recording him on their mobile phones, as he spoke in a mixture of Sotho and English. He said other Africans had supported South Africans in the fight against apartheid, and now were bringing skills and resources that would help build the economy. ”My brother from another mother is still my brother,” Mthethwa said. ”My sister from another mother is still my sister.” In 2008, protests over lack of homes, schools, jobs and clinics for the poorest South Africans erupted into anti-foreigner rioting. More than 60 people were killed — two in an Atteridgeville

squatter camp — in weeks of sporadic violence scattered in squatter camps and other impoverished areas across South Africa. Sociologists trying to explain what happened pointed to decades of vilification of other black Africans by the white government during the apartheid years, and competition now for scarce resources as people from poorer, less stable countries to the north come to South Africa in search of opportunity. Researchers at Johannesburg's University of the Witwatersrand have found cases where local political leaders or businesspeople organized attacks on foreigners, either to consolidate politi-

cal power or eliminate economic competition. Such conditions have not eased, but the scale of the 2008 attacks has not been revisited despite reports in recent weeks of new threats to foreigners. Sunday, as Mthethwa listened, a master of ceremonies led a call and response in Atteridgeville: ”Away with xenophobia, away!” ”Away!” the crowd responded, before local religious, political, business and other leaders presented the police commissioner with a signed pledge to build a ”united, nonracial, nonsexist, democratic, prosperous, humane and caring society.”


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What’s your EQ?

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14

The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

The

Prescription By Dr. Gerald W. Deas

The Defeat of De-feet, De- knees and De-hips When I was a kid, I would wear a pair of shoes until the soles were so thin that when I stepped on a stone I would likely feel the pain. When the sole wore into a hole, I could cover it with cardboard or a piece of linoleum. If the heels of the shoes became uneven from being wear to much, which was known as a run-over heel, I would consider going to the shoemaker to get a reconditioned shoe, commonly known as heels and soles. In my neighborhood, you could always find a shoemaker willing to repair your worn out shoes while you waited. He knew it might be the only pair you had. The shoemaker was a craftsman and did his work with pride. The shoes would even be returned shined after the repair. To earn some extra money, I helped with the shining. I had a hand-built wooden box that contained my brushes, shoe polisher and a well-worn soft rag taken from the sleeve of one of my mom’s worn dresses. This box had an iron prop to stabilize my client’s foot. After finishing the shine, I can tell you, that shine was worth more than the nickel or maybe the dime I received. I made so much money on a Saturday that my father thought I was in competition with him in bringing home the bacon. At the end of the day, I not only had sore knees but hands that were hardened with black and brown polish. Hey! I was independent. Have you noticed the number of shoe stores present today in malls, adorned with all kinds of sneakers and shoes? I can’t imagine how women walk with those very high heels, and God help them if they must run to catch a bus or train. These stilted shoes are causing havoc on their feet,

knees and hips. Recent studies have shown that this kind of shoe will lead to osteoarthritis of the ankle, knee and hip. At a meeting of the American College of Rheumatology, it was revealed that a thin-soled, flat shoe is healthier for the feet in preventing osteoarthritis of the knees and hips. I guess that is why the American Indians who wore moccasins were less likely to experience osteoarthritis. The greatest benefit to your joints comes wearing flexible shoes that produce less stress, particularly on the knees. Wearing clogs and flip-flops reduces the loading pressure on the knees and prevents excessive wear and tear on these joints. Shoe manufacturers are now reconsidering the type of shoe and sneaker that should be worn to prevent future knee and hip problems. Even thick-soled, expensive sneakers may not be the best footwear to prevent future joint problems. Recently, a marathon runner ran his race with a very thinsoled running shoe and did not experience the pains in his joints that have accompanied other runners wearing more conventional shoes. Remember, what you wear on your feet will determine how much money you will spend in the future on medications for pain and the services of a rheumatologist or orthopedist. Finally, ladies, your legs may look more attractive in those high, stilted shoes but you may ultimately experience the blues in your joints from wearing those shoes. For more health tips and access to an online community of physicians and other healthcare professionals visit: DrDeas.com

FDA Says Breast Cancer Drug Did Not Extend Lives WASHINGTON – Follow-up studies of a Roche breast cancer drug showed that it failed to extend the lives of patients, federal health scientists said Friday, opening the door for it to be potentially withdrawn for use in treating that disease. The Food and Drug Administration approved Roche's blockbuster Avastin in 2008 based on a trial showing it slowed growth of tumors caused by breast cancer. The decision was controversial because drugs for cancer patients who have never been treated before must usually show evidence they extend lives. Avastin's so-called ”accelerated approval” was based on the condition that later studies would show a survival benefit. But in briefing documents posted online, FDA reviewers said two follow-up studies recently submitted by Roche failed to show that Avastin significantly extended lives compared to chemotherapy alone. Additionally, the FDA said that in follow-up studies the drug did not slow tumor growth to the same degree as in earlier studies. Patients taking Avastin showed significantly more side effects, including high blood pressure, fatigue and abnormal white blood cell levels. On Tuesday the FDA will ask a panel of outside cancer experts to review the evidence on Avastin. The panel's recommendations are not binding, but the FDA usually follows their guidance.

The FDA has the option to remove the drug's approval for breast cancer. Avastin is also approved for colon, lung, kidney and brain cancer. The drug was Roche's top-selling cancer treatment last year with global sales of $5.9 billion. Roche is headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, and its biotech unit Genentech is based in South San Francisco. Avastin was the first drug to fight cancer by stopping nutrients from reaching tumors. Such ”targeted therapies” were thought to hold promise for eliminating chemotherapy, but the two approaches are now used in combination. Since 1992, the FDA has granted accelerated approval to drugs based on socalled surrogate endpoints, or initial measures that suggest the drug will make real improvements in patient health. For cancer drugs, tumor shrinkage is considered a predictor of increased survival. Drugmakers favor the program because it helps them get products to market sooner. But the program has not escaped criticism from government watchdogs. Last fall the Government Accountability Office issued a report saying the FDA should do more to track whether drugs approved based on preliminary results actually have live up to their promise. According to the GAO, the FDA has never once pulled a drug off the market due to missing or unimpressive follow-up data.


July 21 - July 27, 2010

HEALTH

The Haitian Times

15

HIV Drugs Helps Halve New Cases VIENNA (AFP) – Drugs that repress HIV halved the number of new cases of the AIDS virus, according to a study published on Sunday ahead of the opening of the International AIDS Conference. The findings support those who argue that antiretrovirals -- which treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but do not eliminate it completely -- are also a potent weapon for preventing viral spread. The paper looked at the population of the Canadian province of British Columbia, examining coverage of antiretroviral treatment and new cases of infection between 1996 and 2009. Over this period, the annual tally of new cases fell by 52 percent, the researchers found. For every 100 patients that were placed on the drugs, new diagnoses of HIV fell by three percent. The paper, published in The Lancet, is authored by Julio Montaner, director of the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in

HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, and president of Previous studies have also highlighted risk, even very small, of infection. the International AIDS Society. the indirect benefit of antiretrovirals in The new study cautiously backs a policy The time scale of the study dates back to preventing new cases of HIV. review. the introduction in 1996 of the triple HIV As a result, some specialists say the time ”Our results... provide a strong rationale drug cocktail, which now provides for re-examination of the HIV prea lifeline for five million badlyand treatment dichotomy,” The virus retreats to ”reservoirs” vention infected people. it says. During the period under study, the ”Furthermore, our results should such as the lymph glands, where serve number of people on this combinato re-energise the G8?s univertion therapy rose from 837 to 5,413 so far no way has been found to sal access [to treatment] pledge as a but the number of new HIV diagmeans to curb the effect of AIDS and eliminate it -- and if the drugs are the growth of the HIV pandemic.” noses fell from 702 to 338 per year. Concentrations of virus in the The six-day International AIDS stopped, it rebounds. blood among treated patients also Conference was to open in Vienna fell sharply. late Sunday, drawing an expected Antiretrovirals can reduce levels attendance of more than 20,000 sciof HIV to below detectable levels. The is near to declare antiretrovirals a preven- entists, policymakers and grassroots workvirus retreats to ”reservoirs” such as the tative tool, alongside the condom, that ers. lymph glands, where so far no way has should be added to the panoply of options More than 33 million people have AIDS been found to eliminate it -- and if the for preventing spread of HIV. or HIV, according to estimates for the end drugs are stopped, it rebounds. Such calls have met with concern or of 2008. At least 25 million have died But having very low levels of virus also even anger. Critics say HIV-infected peo- of acquired immune deficiency syndrome logically implies a fall in the risk of hand- ple may be tempted to dispense with safe- (AIDS) since the disease first came to light ing on the pathogen to others. sex measures, thus exposing partners to a in 1981.


16

The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

COMMUNITYCALENDAR Manhattan

to The Haitian Times

$52 New York and Tri State area $65 Outside New York Call 718-230-8700

The Healthy living forum is meeting this Friday, July 16th, 2010 to inform you about the access to free Medications. This meeting will primarily be for adults who are limited or have no prescription coverage between the age of 18 and 65. The event will be held at the Taino Towers Gym, lower level at 240 East 123rd street & second Ave. New York, NY 10035. to register call (646) 862-2847 or visit www.ghlf.org The lincoln Center present it's 40th anniversary festival. Lincoln Center Out of Doors calls up its street culture roots on opening night Wednesday, July 28 at 6:30 p.m. with No Snakes in This Grass  An added, free special event—a panel discussion with the three members of the creative team—will take place on July 28 from 4 – 5 p.m. at the David Rubenstein Atrium the kickoff concert at 7:30 p.m. For more information contact Marian Skokan at 212-875-5386 or email mskokan@LincolnCenter.org

Brooklyn The SANO Society Alternative Nord Owest in Partnership with New Future Foundation Inc. 501 (c) 3 and Electronic Health Enterprise Summer in Ayiti BGZ Films Fish Entertainment Quiet Riot Media is having a 3 week Health Fair and out reach Trip to many different areas in Bassin Blue and the surrounding neighborhoods from July 19th to August 8. Their goal is to help provide Health First to those who can not afford it. Free medicines and treatments will be given to the Participants; special attention will be given to children's, elders and pregnant women. Plant will also be given to the participants in order to fight erosion. The participations are open to every-

one. For more information please contact Igneoma Simon at: (212) 368-3739, (516) 451-9262 or visit queenmotherfesman.com, newfuturefoundation.com, Childrenofamotherlessland.com or fishent.tumblr.com Each month, Free Homebuyer seminar are held at MeadowWood at gateway to educate people interested in purchasing new homes. It educate unfamiliar people with the real Estate market to help with the understanding of the Home-buying process, the available financing options and many more. The next seminar will hapepn this Saturday, july 17,2010 at 2 p.. For more informations feel free to contact Cassandra Mills at; (212)8681900 ext 242 or Email cmills@quinnandco.com Operation Green Leaves invite you to join them on their 20th aniversary at the beautiful Solares Garden at the city of Doral on Friday september 24th 2010. Your participation and contribution will help them continue their urgent journey to restore Haiti's Environment and improve  the standard of living of the people of Haiti...One Tree and One Village at a time. make your reservations early. For more information visit www. oglhaiti.com or call 1-877-85strees. Habetac and the Breda Group inc. present a forum. A discussion on how to get the country out of povrety. With the participation of three renowned economists: Dr. Jacques Jiha, Dr Gray Orphee and Dr Webster Pierre. The event will happen at James Hall, Room 2101, Brooklyn College. Sunday, July 18, 2010 from 4:00 to 7:00 Pm. for more information call (718) 951- 4668 or email habetac@brooklyn. cuny.edu


July 21 - July 27, 2010

BUSINESS

The Haitian Times

17

Business Solution to Haiti's poverty Haiti – Celebrities, not-for-profits, and the multilateral banks have rallied since Haiti's Jan. 12 earthquake. They saved lives and created some order. They also reconnected Haiti to important networks of foreign aid and charity. The question now is, how do we connect Haiti to networks of prosperity? I was invited by the leaders of Haiti's private sector to speak about enterprise solutions to poverty at a conference last month, held two hours outside Port-auPrince, the capital. It took place at a former Club Med that is now the interim Haiti headquarters of the World Bank. The list of not-for-profit organizations advocating this approach grows each day. Haiti's thoughtful president, René Préval, told me that he did have ”some reservations about aid,” and that he was ”open to the private sector” to help rebuild. Even Bono recently made the pivot away from just charity and debt forgiveness. He is lauding indigenous entrepreneurs, and says, ”Smart aid aims to put itself out of business in a generation or two.” But the private sector here has an atrocious record. ”The country's elites conspired for two centuries to maintain business models that exploited the poor,” says Pierre Marie Boisson, a Harvard-educated, Haitian international banker. ”The exchange rate regime is exacerbated by the influx of aid and favors importers and wholesalers, not the poor.” Profiles in business courage Haitian Richard Coles is a descendent of both the English and Africans. His family has owned land since the world's only successful slave revolution in 1803. He employs 3,000 people at his apparel-assembly plant, pays above-average

IMF Aims to Boost Lending Resources by $250 Billion: Report LONDON (Reuters) – The International Monetary Fund (IMF) wants to boost its lending resources to $1 trillion from $750 billion in order to prevent future financial crises, the Financial Times said on Monday. The paper, without citing sources, said the IMF wants to agree financing deals in advance that will be specially tailored to individual countries, rather than respond to crises with conditional loan packages. ”Even when not in a time of crisis, a big fund, likely to intervene massively, is something that can help prevent crises,” IMF Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn told the FT. ”Just because the financing role decreases, doesn't mean we don't need to have huge firepower... a $1,000 billion fund is a correct forecast,” he said. The FT said South Korea, which currently chairs the Group of 20 leading economies, is hoping to convince the G20 countries to back the plan at the next summit in Seoul in November.

wages, and provides on-site medical care. Scores of men and women in long lines do the same work. It is hot, but I am the only one sweating. The combined noise of a thousand sewing machines makes the tin roof vibrate; the plant drones like a beehive. Mr. Coles speculates that maybe 1,000 lives were saved the day of the earthquake just by being at work in his factory, instead of being unemployed and at home. ”The poor believe the elites were always together, but we weren't,” he says. ”We supported different politicians, different policies. Things have changed. We agree on one thing: We have failed the nation.” Jean Buteau gave me a tour of his mango processing plant. Haiti has the microclimates to grow over 140 varieties. His suppliers are small farmers, some of whose children attend two schools he built. He could export up to five times what he does now, but Haiti doesn't have the specialized infrastructure: multimodal transportation, refrigeration, or a world-class port. He has just expanded his plant with help from the Soros Economic Development Fund. It has classrooms, a quality-control lab, and locker rooms with showers for workers. He plans to employ another 150 people this year, and produce a nutritious quick-frozen product for working Haitian families who could then buy it on the street. ”There are two types of people who buy their food every day,” he says, ”the rich who want it fresh, and the poor who only have enough money for today.” Olivier Barrau runs the Alternative Insurance Company. He built it to serve the well-to-do, as well as the 80 percent of Haitians who live on less than $2 a

day. ”We don't have a prevention culture in Haiti; and when you react, you are not efficient,” he says. ”People don't think of insurance for the poor, as if they have nothing to protect. But the goal of insurance is to make sure people can survive hardships.” The challenge, Mr. Barrau says, ”is to build a safety net for rural people whose certificate of deposit is their cow, whose demand deposit is their goat, whose cash is a chicken.” Mathias Pierre started GaMa, a computer hardware business. ”I could have gone to America, but I stayed and earned my engineering degree,” he says. When riots in 2008 engulfed the capital, his store was destroyed. ”I realized then, I had a nice car,

a fine home; the people didn't know that I was one of them,” he recalls. Mr. Pierre started training programs for disadvantaged youth. He wrote a biography, which sold out in months. When the earthquake hit, he loaded up a truck with computer supplies and went to the president's temporary headquarters. The government was back online in hours – days before the nongovernmental organizations arrived. Gladys Coupet, Citibank's chief country officer, was injured in the collapse of her building during the earthquake. She returned to work heading up key publicprivate sector initiatives. see SOLUTIONS on page 23


18

The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

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The Haitian Times

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The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Are Many (too

Nadege Fleurimond is the owner & business manager of Fleurimond Catering, Inc., www.fgcatering.com, an off-premise catering firm serving the NY/NJ/ CT/MA areas. She is also the author of a Taste of Life: A Culinary Memoir, a humorous and heart warming compilation of recipes and funny anecdotes. (http:// www.nadegefleurimond.com) For questions and comments you may write her at nadege1981@gmail.com.

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July 21 - July 27,2009 2010 December 2-8,

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NOTICE OF FORMATION OF LIMITED COMPANY. NOTICE LIABILITY OF FORMATION OF NAME: 482 COMPANY. FRANKLIN LIMITED LIABILITY AVE REALTY Articles of NAME: 2865 LLC. CONEY ISLAND Organization were filed with the AVENUE LLC. Articles of Secretary of State of filed New with York Organization were (SSNY) on 04/26/10. the Secretary of State ofOffice New location: Kings County. SSNY has York (SSNY) on 12/14/05. been designated agent of the The latest date ofasdissolution is LLC upon whom processlocation: against 12/31/2045.Office SSNYSSNY has been itKings mayCounty. be served. shall designated asprocess agent of the LLC, LLC mail a copy of to the uponE. whom process 571 New York Avenue,against Office it may be served. SSNY shall B, Brooklyn, New York 11225. mail a copy of lawful process to the Purpose: For any purpose. LLC, c/o Stuart Goldstein, 150 Great Neck Rd., Great Neck, New York 11021, which is also RIDGEWOOD HOLDINGS, the a registered LLC domestic agent Limited address. Liability Purpose: (LLC), For filed any with lawful Company the purpose. Sec of State of NY on 6/2/10. NY Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon Articlesprocess of Organization whom against the filed LLC with be theserved. SSNY on 6/25/09 for may SSNY shall mail SAINTWELL a copy of anyWEALTH-BUILDING process against the ANDserved INFORMATION CENTER, LLC upon him/her to The LLC, 312 1405Suydam Brooklyn 6G, LLC, St., Ave Brooklyn, Brooklyn NY 11210. NY 11237. General Purposes. NOTICE OF OF NOTICE OF FORMATION SALE SUPREME LIMITED KINGS LIABILITY COMPAGNY. COURT: COUNTY. NYCTL NAME :TRUST 754 GRAND 2004-A AND THESTREET, BANK LLC.NEW Articles OF YORK,ofASOrganization COLLATERAL were filed the Secretary AGENT ANDwith CUSTODIAN FOR of State of New York (SSNY) THE NYCTL 2004-A TRUST, on 09/10/09. The PACHECO, latest date Plaintiff(s) vs. JORGE of dissolution is 12/31/2050. et al, Defendant(s) Attorney (s) Office location: Kings ROSICKI County. for Plaintiff (s): ROSICKI, SSNY has been designated & ASSOCIATES, P.C., 51 as E. agent of Road, the LLCPlainview upon whom Bethpage New process11803 against516-741-2585. it may be York served. SSNY shall of mail a copy Pursuant to judgment foreclosure of process to the LLC, 220 and sale entered herein on or Montauk Street, Valley Stream, about October 7, 2009, I will sell New York 11580. Purpose: For at Public Auction to the highest any lawful purpose. bidder at in room 274 at the Kings County Supreme Court, 360 AdamsOFStreet, Brooklyn, NOTICE FORMATION New York.Bay On Pkwy., August 5, of 6715 LLC2010 Art. at Premises as 6 of 3:00 Org PM filed Sec’yknown of State BRIGHTON 7TH LANE, Brooklyn, (SSNY) 11/2/09. Office New York 11235 Block: 08667 location: Kings County. SSNY Lot: 0784. As particularly designated as more agent of LLC described in the judgment upon whom process against ofit foreclosure and sale. SSNY Sold subject may be served. shall to all of the terms and conditions mail copy of process to c/o contained in Anna said Aulisa, judgment Domenico and 24 and terms of sale. Approximate Bayridge Parkway, Brooklyn, amount of judgment NY 11209 Purpose:$22,619.82 any lawful plus interest and costs. INDEX activities. NO. 13447/2005 Lorraine S. Miller, Esq., REFEREE Notice of formation of LLC ALWAYS AT SEA NOTICE OF FORMATION PRODUCTIONS, LLC128 OF St. LIMITED LIABILITYBrooklyn, COMPANY. Marks Avenue NY NAME: STATE 51 REALTY LLC. 11217. Articles of Organization were filed with the Secretary of State of New York on 05/18/10. Notice of (SSNY) Formation of Golden Office location: Kings County. 88 Realty LLC, Art. of Org. filed SSNY been designated as Sec'y ofhas State (SSNY) 10/8/09. agent the LLCKings uponCounty. whom Office of location: process against it may served. SSNY designated as be agent of SSNY shall mail a copy of LLC upon whom process against process to the LLC, SSNY Post Offce it may be served. shall Box York mail150217, copy ofBrooklyn, process New to 6820 11215. Purpose:Brooklyn, For any lawful 15th Ave., NY purpose. 11219. Purpose: any lawful activities.

Fitness 1 Training LLC a domestic adoption Limited Liability Company (LLC) filed with the Sec of State of A BABY IS OURNYDREAM: NY on 4/07/10. Office We're Lori & County. Steve, aSSNY loving location: Kings is couple who's to designated as agentlonging upon whom adopt! against We care process the about LLC mayyou. be served. SSNY1-800-982-3678. shall mail a copy Please call of any process Expenses paid.against the LLC served upon him/her is Adam Waxman Adams Street 3J, autos195 Wanted Brooklyn, N.Y. 11201. Any lawful Purposes. DONATE VEHICLE: RECEIVE

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JWGF ENTERPRISES LLC, a domestic Limited Liability Company (LLC) filed with the Sec of State of NY on 10/23/09. NY Office location: Kings County. SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC Misc foR sale may be served. SSNY shall mail a copy of any process against the LLC served upon CHERRY BEDROOM SET. him/her to Richard Gordon, Solid Wood, never used, brand new in factory boxes. 291 Warren St., Brooklyn, NY www.charityboatsales.org English Dovetail. Original 11201. General Purposes

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Commercial Real Estate Desporado Entertainment LLC Auction Dec. 5. Margaretville/ a domestic Limited Liability Arkville, Catskills. 18,000 Company (LLC) filed with the Sec sf State bldg,of 2.5 845 586of NY onac. 3/26/10. NY 1234, location: theoldbatfactory.com Office Kings County.  SSNY is designated as agent upon whom process against the LLC may be served. SSNY outmail of state shall a copy of anyland process foR sale against the LLC served upon him/ her to The LLC, P.O. Box 260430 Brooklyn N.Y. 11226. General Purposes.

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To place an ad in THE CLASSIFIED section, call (718) 230 — 8700 Ad Deadline: 5pm Friday for following issue. Classified ads may be placed over the phone with a credit card from Monday through Friday, 10am to 5pm. Ads may be faxed to (718) 230 — 7172. Ads must be sent in by Friday, 5pm for insertion in the following Wednesday's paper. Please include credit card details (card number, Name, Experation date, a contact phone number) Ads may be sent in via email to info-ht@haitiantimes.com Ads may be sent in by mail. Send typewritten or clearly printed ad along with a check or credit card information and contact phone number to: Haitian Times, Classified Dept., 495 Flatbush Ave. Brooklyn NY 11225 We accept Visa, Mastercard, American Express, and Discover. 3 line minimum for all ads.


22 8

The Haitian Times

HEALTH&BEAUTY

A Better You

July 21 - July 27, 2010

By Onyi

Nwosu

If You Dsfgh fghsfghsfhtsf

Aquarius

Jan. 20 - Feb. 18

Your partnership zone lights up as the Sun enters Leo. Love is on the agenda and this includes some very romantic gestures. Expect roses, chocolates, and royal treatment. Saturn moves into Libra and your learning zone. You may feel a powerful desire to enhance your education by taking an undergraduate or advanced degree. The more you learn, the more you can earn. Go for it. As Jupiter turns retrograde, learn to listen to your instincts to catch those lucky breaks.

Pisces

Feb. 20 - March 19

Your joint finances will be in focus as Saturn moves into your Eighth House. It will remain here until 2012, so take responsibility for any debts. Don't give away your power. Be the one in control. Jupiter turns retrograde in your personal money zone, so listen within to catch those nuggets of wisdom that will translate into gold if you act upon them. Take a look at your health and well-being and see if there is any room for improvement.

Aries

March 20 - April 18

Relationships come back into focus as Saturn moves into Libra on Wednesday. It will remain here for some time, encouraging you to get your act together and work on any shadowy material that may be causing a problem between your and your lover. This shadowy stuff can also infiltrate other relationships. Get to know yourself in depth. Saturday brings a chance to take advantage of a lucky opportunity. You realize that you're the one for the job

Taurus

April 19 - May 20

You'll now get your confidence back and feel much more at ease in romantic situations, especially first dates. Saturn moves out of Virgo and into Libra, so your new focus is your work, health, and overall lifestyle. This is the area in which you need to take full responsibility for your actions. The more willing you are to do so, the more fulfilled you'll be. The Sun moves into your home zone and puts a positive slant on family affairs.

Gemini

May 21 - June 20

As the Sun enters Leo, get clear on what you need to discuss and the ideas you have to share with others. With Mercury also in Leo, this is the ideal time to pitch your ideas to interested parties, create an advertising campaign, and create or update your website. Jupiter turns retrograde in Aries, so you may need to spot those lucky breaks yourself and make the most of them through your own efforts. They're no longer a given.

Cancer

June 21 - July 22

As Saturn moves into Libra and your home zone, the emphasis is on family affairs and discovering more about your roots and ancestry. It's also the time to take greater responsibility for any issues that need healing, especially those that may be longstanding. Jupiter turns retrograde in your career zone, so you need to work even harder to make the most of any lucky breaks. Don't wait for them. Generate them yourself and you'll stay successful and happy!

Leo

July 23 - Aug. 22

You get a positive boost and feel in a much stronger position to organize your life, make changes, and get those creative projects off the ground. Mercury is encouraging you to blow your own trumpet and show off your talents. It's time to advertise yourself in no uncertain terms. Saturn moves into Libra and your communication zone. As this area is also associated with mental patterns, this is your chance to watch them in operation and change what isn't working.

Virgo

Aug.23 - Sept.22

The good news is that Saturn moves out of your sign and into Libra. It won't return for another 29 or so years, so you can now breathe a sigh of relief. It will inhabit your personal financial zone from this week until about 2012, which means you need to take responsibility for this area of life. The more willing you are to perfect your skills and talents and realize your own true worth, the more you will flourish.

Libra

Sept.23 - Oct. 22

Saturn moves into your sign once again and is here to stay until 2012. You have a wonderful opportunity to bring your best and brightest dreams to life, but it will take work. You'll probably feel a lot more serious about life - and about yourself, too. But in reality, it's all a question of balance. Jupiter turns retrograde in your relationship zone and squares Pluto on Saturday, so you and your partner might seek change at a grassroots level.

Scorpio

Oct. 21 - Nov 20

Your career zone is in focus as the Sun brings a burst of positive energy your way. You could find yourself in the spotlight whether you want to be there or not. This is a good time to give presentations, advertise your brand, and promote yourself. Jupiter turns retrograde in your work zone, so taking the path of intuition will reveal your luck for the foreseeable future. The more you listen to it, the more fortunate you will be.

Sagittarius

N o v. 2 2 - D e c . 2 1

Jupiter, your personal planet, turns retrograde this week, which means that its influence could be felt on more of an inner than outer level. Being willing to listen to your inner guidance connects you to your luck and good fortune. The more you learn to trust and follow it, the easier your path ahead will be. Your adventure zone is also in focus, bringing thoughts of travel to exotic locations. It's time to book that dream vacation or short break.

Capricorn

Dec. 22 - Jan 19

Your ambitious nature reasserts itself as Saturn moves back into Libra and your career zone. You're determined to make it big and be as successful as you can be. The harder you work, the more you'll live up to your expectations. But don't become a workaholic. You need to maintain some balance in your life. When Jupiter squares Pluto on Saturday, you may want to risk contacting someone who can do you a big favor. Your hunch pays off!


The Haitian Times

July 21 - July 27, 2010

Breath

continued from page 7

and other supplies. If they gave her too much at once, they could place her in danger of being robbed. The hurricane evacuation plan is simple, Hurston said. He will signal the Haitians to roll up their tents and stake them to the ground by flying his airplane over their camps counter-clockwise four times. Hurston already maneuvers his Cessna 337 very low in and out of the mountains over the tent cities every time he flies in and out of Port-au-Prince so that the people know him and his plane. When he arrives at the camps, children run toward him waving and spreading their arms, pretending to be airplanes. ”When we fly over their villages like that, it lets them know they are not alone,” he said. ”It means someone still cares about them.” While the ”people in the middle” have no source for drinking water, Joe Hurston was thrilled to find a small watering hole at a tent city in Bon Repos. The small hole was filled with dirty water and frogs, but Hurston was able to pump clean water out with a portable purifying unit, the Vortex Voyager, that he donated to leaders of the tent city. ”I've dreamed of this little water hole,” he said excitedly before training the leaders to use and maintain the purifier. The Hurstons are thinking of spending a lot more time in Haiti in the near future. Cindy Hurston said she has big plans for projects to help the people become more independent. ”But today, they are hungry,” she said. ”You can't teach a person to fish when they are hungry now.” One child the Hurstons are trying to keep alive is a three-month-old, badly malnourished girl named Cathy Desi, who lives with her parents in the ”Canaan II” tent city in Bon Repos, where thousands of tents line the side of an otherwise picturesque mountainside. ”I have hope for Haiti when I see this child,” said the baby's mother, Elda Bazine, who is not receiving enough nourishment to be able to produce milk for the baby. ”I don't know how I can feed her.” The team from Brevard County returned to the woman's tent three times last week

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to discreetly bring her food, baby formula and other supplies. If they gave her too much at once, they could place her in danger of being robbed. The hurricane evacuation plan is simple, Hurston said. He will signal the Haitians to roll up their tents and stake them to the ground by flying his airplane over their camps counter-clockwise four times. Hurston already maneuvers his Cessna 337 very low in and out of the mountains over the tent cities every time he flies in and out of Port-au-Prince so that the people know him and his plane. When he arrives at the camps, children run toward him waving and spreading their arms, pretending to be airplanes. ”When we fly over their villages like that, it lets them know they are not alone,” he said. ”It means someone still cares about them.” While the ”people in the middle” have no source for drinking water, Joe Hurston was thrilled to find a small watering hole at a tent city in Bon Repos. The small hole was filled with dirty water and frogs, but Hurston was able to pump clean water out with a portable purifying unit, the Vortex Voyager, that he donated to leaders of the tent city. ”I've dreamed of this little water hole,” he said excitedly before training the leaders to use and maintain the purifier. The Hurstons are thinking of spending a lot more time in Haiti in the near future. Cindy Hurston said she has big plans for projects to help the people become more independent. ”But today, they are hungry,” she said. ”You can't teach a person to fish when they are hungry now.” The story was first published in floridatoday.com..

Solutions continued from page 17

”Our buildings were designed for hurricanes, heavy and inflexible; not earthquakes where we need structures that are light and agile,” she says. ”It is a metaphor for our economy in the throes of globalization.” The need for a culture of innovation Much of the information that comes out of Haiti is from celebrities, US-based news crews, and the PR firms hired by donor organizations. One rarely hears the Haitian voice, and almost never that of the Haitian private sector. Even though humanitarian aid helped to lift the country out of crisis, it will never create prosperity for the average person. Mr. Boisson, the banker, agrees. ”We need a national vision of investment-led growth and shared prosperity,” he says. This means creating a culture of innovation: finding attractive export market segments to serve with unique products, building new distribution systems, lowering energy costs, and providing skills to Haitian citizens who will be compensated for the high value they create. During my visit, I saw the value that a large employer can provide to Haiti; how entrepreneurs can meet the changing needs of working Haitian families; that home-grown role models exist. I also saw reservoirs of deep introspection and even compassion inside Haiti's private sector. It remains for those of us outside Haiti to find these men and women and connect them to global networks of productivity and investment. Kurt Jean-Charles is the founder of Solutions S.A., which creates mobile software applications for the over 1 million cellphone subscribers in Haiti. He evoked the promise of private-led growth when he told me, ”Entrepreneurs put aside their comfort to create something new, and in the process, advance society.” Michael Fairbanks is cofounder of SEVEN, a philanthropy run by entrepreneurs. He co-wrote ”Plowing the Sea,” Harvard Business School Publishing's first book on enterprise solutions to poverty, and edited ”In the River They Swim.” He advises government and business leaders in Haiti. The story was first published in Christian Science Monitor.

What Does Bill Clinton Want to do Before he dies? It sounds like Bill Clinton is thinking of taking his post-presidency in a more cinematic direction. At the 18th International AIDS Conference on Monday, Clinton noted that he is now old enough to join Morgan Freeman and Jack Nicholson's fictional characters from ”The Bucket List” in making a list of things to do before he dies. Clinton says he has an A-list of important things, and a B-list of ”fun” things he could do without. On his A-list he acknowledges that: ”I would like to live to see my own grandchildren.” (His daughter, Chelsea, is getting married at the end of the month, so he may be on his way there.) ”I'd like to live to know that all the grandchildren of the world will have the chance in the not-

too-distant future to live their own dreams and not die before their time.” Over 33 million people live with HIV, and each year another 2.7 million cases are reported. Clinton is at the Vienna conference to help raise awareness and money to battle a disease that, though less in the national consciousness than it has been in years past, continues to devastate large parts of the world. On Clinton's lighter B-list he said that I'd like to climb Kilimanjaro before the snows melt.” (Studies predict that climate change will melt the snow on the famous mountain within 20 years.) ”I'd like to run a marathon before I give out.” (Clinton, famously a jogger as president, has had heart troubles in the last

23

decade.) Clinton is only 63, so he probably has some time.


Haitian Times 7/23