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Alumnus Celebrates 80th Birthday With Journey To North Po

Out-of-This-World

Advertising Q&A: Don Giddens

ENGINEERING In a Fast-Changing World


Kenneth W. Faulkner, IM 1950 (1924-2005) Atlanta, Georgia • Born in Athens, Georgia; moved to Atlanta and graduated from Tech Fligh School. • Served in the Army Air Corps during World War II; tail gunner in a B-1 7, shot down over Berlin where he was taken prisoner. • Married Mary "Mike" Carmichael, graduate of Erskine College, in 1946 while a student at Georgia Tech. • In 1961 started Ken Faulkner Company, still a family business, merchandizing cottonseed, peanut, and wheat by-products. • Served as president of the Association of Cottonseed Products Dealers. • Ruling elder in the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church and the Presbyterian Church USA; member of Clairmont Presbyterian Church in Decatur, Georgia. • Volunteer with Mission Haven, clothing for missionary and seminary students; served as president of Druid Hills Kiwanis Club. • Two daughters: Susan Adle and Rebecca Bracewell; four grandsons. Gifts to Georgia Tech • Roll Call donor for 55 years. • Longtime Alexander-Tharpe Fund supporter. • 50th Reunion gift from his retirement plan to establish the Mary C. and Kenneth W. Faulkner, IM 1950, Endowment Fund for scholarships. Ken Faulkner is remembered for his lifelong love of family, church, and Georgia Tech. In honor of his 50th Reunion, Ken designated a portion of his retirement plan account to the Georgia Tech Foundation. Along with his generous spirit, Ken showed his keen sense of humor in directing his gift to a scholarship for students who had "lost HOPE" at Tech. The HOPE scholarship, available to students from Georgia who maintain at least a 3.0 average, is retained by only 30 percent of eligible students through graduation. Thanks to Ken Faulkner, there is now help for "HOPE-less" students. In October 2006, Mary Faulkner and daughter Susan Faulkner Adle met some of the first eight Faulkner Scholars.

©(MyTO©nD For more information on helping students at Georgia Tech through a bequest or life-income gift, please contact: Office of Development • Gift Planning • Atlanta GA 30332-0220 • (404) 894-4678

Ken and Mary Faulkner are among the 924 members of Founders' Council who have made life-income gifts or estate provisions of at least $25,000 for the support of Georgia Tech.


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Lessons in Leadership

End of the Earth

Out-of-This-World Ads

Tech alumni share their steps to success — the values and principles that grounded them as they moved up the corporate ladder. Craig Mundie: The View from Microsoft's Office Windows Joe Evans: The Science of Selecting Employees James Robinson: Integrity is the Foundation of 'Followership' Jack Shewmaker: An Offer Not to Refuse John Brock: Pop Culture

Cover Story

Students at Georgia Tech and MIT have launched YourNamelntoSpace.org to cover part of the $30 million cost of a satellite scheduled to head for space in 2010 by selling advertising space on the spacecraft itself.

Page 28

Bill Kruse has flown across the Kalahari Desert of Botswana, ridden the Trans-Siberian Railway, gone on safari and crossed the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. To mark the occasion of his 80th birthday, he journeyed to the North Pole. Cover Illustration: Bob Braun

• Olympic Dorm Deal • Tech a Best Buy

Viewpoint

Interview

Research News

In Memoriam

Tech's Promise

Don Giddens: Engineering in a Rapidly Changing World

• Diatom Conversion • Detecting Disease • Pavement Marking

Dean Galloway Remembered

Tech Notes Feedback Readers write

• • • • • • • •

Library Prize History Video Super Snack On the Red Carpet Centennial Photos Digital Magazine RoboCup2007 Personal Robot

Photo Finish Pacesetter Jan Boal: Coloring the World

InQuotes Comments in the media from the Georgia Tech community

InFocus • Making a Splash • Shining Light

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Pacesetter

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Tammy Fulwider: Or is it Megan Blake?

Lisa King: Full Reign

Alumni Almanac There was a time, believe it or not, when a large amount of a Tech student's income was spent on suits and ties.

Tech's Tourney Ace


CAMPUS IMAGES The Tech Tower. What do you jeel each time you see it? The nervousness of your freshman year? The excitement of pledge week? The elation of receiving your diploma?

3 ways to order: O CALL TOLL FREE 1-800-GT-ALUMS 9 FAX 404-894-5113 © MAIL TO: Merchandise Georgia Tech Alumni Association 190 North Avenue Atlanta, GA 30313

Mail Order Form Is your order for O yourself? O a gift? O both? QTY.

TOTAL

$149 ea.

Lithograph in cherry frame

$119 ea.

Color print laminated

Lithograph $199 ea. with diploma opening

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Whatever it means to you,one thing is sure...The Tech Tower creates memories like no other location on the Georgia lech campus. And there is nothing like keeping those recollections as fresh as the day they happened. In our search to capture the very essence of this timeless landmark, the Georgia Tech Alumni Association has found this exquisite rendering of The Tech Tower. We are pleased to offer this illustration to you as an exciting addition to your home or office. Every detail of this beautiful piece is presented with excellence in mind. The original art is hand-rendered pen and ink, expertly colored by professional illustrators.

Enjoy your artwork, and all the stories you're sure to recall.

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All orders are shipped UPS ground. Please allow 2-3 weeks delivery from time order is received.

Billing

(Please print):

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Select from 3 options Lithograph in elegant cherry frame • Limited edition, numbered and signed • Genuine cherry wood frame • Includes certificate of authenticity • Ready to hang

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Color print laminated $ 119 on reverse shadow box • Print is raised away from background • Classic black mat • Ready to hang

Address State

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Card # Expiration Date Name (AS II APPEARS ON CARD )

Signature (REQUIRED EOR (RED/1 CARD ORDERS )

Lithograph in large cherry frame with diploma opening $ 199 • Limited edition, numbered and signed • Ready for you to easily insert your diploma • Includes certificate of authenticity

Your leading source for Campus Images"

MM££M£M www.lanclniatkpublishing.conT

©2007 Landmark Publishing Corp., Atlanta, GA. All Rights


VIEWPOINT

Georgia Tech Alumni A s s o c i a t i o n Joseph P. Irwin, IM 80, Publisher John C. Dunn, Editor Kimberly Link-Wills, Managing Editor Neil B. McGahee, Senior Editor Leslie Overman, Editorial Assistant Gary Goettling, Contributing Editor Everett Hullum, Design

Alumni Association Executive Committee Janice N. Wittschiebe, Arch 78, M Arch 80 Chair J. William Goodhew HI, IM 61 Past Chair G Meade Sutterfield, EE 72 Chair-elect/Finance William J. Todd, IM 71 Vice Chair for Roll Call G Dean Alford, EE 76 Joseph W. Evans, IM 71 Marion B. Glover, IM 65 Members At Earge Joseph P. Irwin, IM 80 President

Advertising Maris Ozug (404) 894-0766 • E-mail: maris.ozug@alumni.gatech.edu Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine (ISSN: 1061-9747) is published quarterly (Summer, Fall, Winter and Spring) for contributors to the annual Roll Call of the Georgia Tech Alumni Association, 190 North Ave. NW, Atlanta, GA 30313. Georgia Tech Alumni Association allocates $10 from a contribution toward a year's subscription to its magazine. Periodical postage paid at Atlanta, GA and additional mailing offices. © 2007 Georgia Tech Alumni Association Main Number (404) 894-2391.

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Tech's Promise Recently President Wayne Clough announced a new program at Georgia Tech to help the neediest Georgia students. Essentially the program allows undergraduate students of families earning less than $30,000 annually to attend Georgia Tech debt-free. The program is called the Tech Promise and it's the first of its kind in Georgia. The program picks up where the HOPE scholarship leaves off. About half of Tech's students lose the HOPE funding after their first year here. To remain eligible for the Promise program, students must work and earn $1,250 each semester, stay in good academic standing (minimum 2.0 grade point average) and must apply annually for the support. The program is available to all Tech undergraduate students who currently qualify as well as incoming fall freshmen. This is a terrific program for some 400 students at Georgia Tech who really need this financial help to stay in school. President Clough has asked that alumni help fund the program. The goal for permanently endowing the program is $50 million, which once achieved will spin off about $2.5 million to pay for the costs of the program. The Georgia Tech Foundation has stepped forward to support the program in its initial implementation as these funds are being raised. Clough said it well: "This new program provides yet another tool to help us remain true to our long-term commitment to open doors of opportunity to all qualified students, especially those from financially disadvantaged families who may be reluctant to apply because of the daunting financial burden attending college will place on their families." It's a worthy program and another example of great leadership by Georgia Tech and the Foundation. You can find more information at www.promise.gatech.edu.

epn R Irwin, President

Postmaster: Send address changes to Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine, 190 North Ave. NW, Atlanta, GA 30313. Editorial phone (404) 894-0750/0760. Fax (404) 385-4637. E-mail: editor@alumni.gatech.edu; gtalumni.org.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

5


>>>FEEDBACK Indicator of Greatness

through the pages rather than relaxing in my easy chair and enjoying them at leisure.

The Fall ALUMNI MAGAZINE was

an outstanding issue. The interview with Richard DeMillo [dean of the College of Computing] especially is an indicator of Tech's great future. Those of us who "got out" when computing was in diapers but have lived through much of its adolescence have come to understand that computing is valuable because of the application. Putting that back into the classroom is essential. Understanding the bigger picture is a key ingredient of good engineering. Doug McCammish, IE 67 Columbia, Ky.

Taste of Paradise For someone like me, going on 42 years after having left the campus and living close to 10,000 kilometers away, to find this electronic publication of the GEORGIA TECH ALUMNI MAGAZINE

is like drinking a very fine, fine scotch while glancing at paradise. Congratulations. Enrique A. Cubillos, IE 65, TE 66 Bogota, Colombia

What Do You Expect? I was very impressed with the quality and ease of use of the

If that's the way you're going, you'll lose a very satisfied alumnus. You'll take the pleasure right out of the experience. Say it isn't so! Burton M. Courtney, CE61.MSCE65 online magazine. As a matter of fact, when I showed it to my wife, Simone, who graduated from Emory in 1966, her comment was: "What do you expect? It's from Tech." I am the owner of a digital and offset print business. In my business, online ordering and transfer of files are no longer the wave of the future but the reality of today. We spend most of our time dealing with online issues. I congratulate you. Whoever decided to create the online magazine deserves a raise and a gold T Bernie Wilker, ME 65 River Vale, N.J.

Hard Copy I hope that the online ALUMNI MAGAZINE and Tech Topics are only an additional alternative way to enjoy these publications and not an effort to replace the hard copy editions. I enjoy the two magazines too much to flip

Thomasville, Ga. Sit back and relax. It isn't so. The GEORGIA TECH ALUMNI

MAGAZINE and Tech Topics will continue to be printed on paper. The digital editions are just an added benefit of giving to Roll Call. For more on the digital magazine, see page 26.

Wonderful Recognition The Photomosaic cover for the centennial history of the Alumni Association is a wonderful way to honor your family. My dad, Tench H. Phillips Sr, was a 1922 classmate of George C. Griffin. An uncle, "Pup" Phillips, CIs 19, was an All-American football player under John Heisman and played on the team that beat Cumberland 222-0; another, Johnny Phillips, CIs 32, played basketball for the Jackets. I want to honor them by putting their pictures on the cover.

The Photomosaic will create an image of the Ramblin' Wreck. (For more information on the project, see page 25.) Submit your photo at alumnipix@ gtalumni.org. You can place an advance order for the coffee table book for $29.95 and save $10 off the cover price: www.gt alumni, org/centennialbook.

Unbelievable Photo The photo on page 72 of the Winter 2007 ALUMNI MAGAZINE

[see below] blew me away. I was at the Homecoming game and I was in an inside stairwell when the jets went over the stadium. I never saw them but it sounded like they were in the stairwell with me. It was so cool to see the pilots later at the end of the game. What a photo of the campus! Unbelievable. I can't believe how sharp everything is at the speeds they must have been moving. Frank E. Snead, CE 70 Colts Neck, N.J.

Tench H.Phillips Jr., Mgt 52 Virginia Beach, Va.

We Welcome Mail The ALUMNI MAGAZINE welcomes

letters. Please include your full name, address and telephone number. Letters may be edited for clarity, space and content. Mail/e-mail to: Georgia Tech Alumni Publications 190 North Ave. NW Atlanta, GA 30313 Fax: (404) 385-4637 editor@alumni.gatech.edu

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


Homesites from the high $200,000s - Golf, lake, forest and mountain view estate homes from 1 million* Echelon, home of the Georgia Tech Club, offers the camaraderie and exclusive benefits of a private club, within minutes of the dynamic Georgia 400 area. Residents enjoy living in a low density 600-acre community of only 230 homesites at least one acre in size.

Call today to schedule a preview of the course and club amenities, • Rees Jones Championship Golf Course • Stan Smith Tennis Facility« 8 Acre Lake with Recreation Area • Family Swim Center with Jr. Olympic Pool • 35 Acre Golf Learning Center • Full Service Clubhouse

Directions: GA 400 north to Windward Parkway (exit 11), (west) on Windward Parkway (becomes Cogburn Road, then Hopewell). Left on Birmingham Road and right on Birmingham Highway. Travel 2.5 miles and turn right on to King Road. 100 Traditions Drive, Alpharetta, Georgia 30004

E C H E L O N www.echelonliving.com

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UOTES The key [to efficient biofuels] will be changing to more environmentally friendly sources, such as agricultural waste, trees or new crops. Pine groves in the South could supply 4 billion gallons of ethanol a year and revitalize declining rural communities. — Roger P. Webb special assistant to the provost working with the Strategic Energy Institute, in BusinessWeek Online

u ^ I took calculus at Georgia Tech and I've got a sixth-grader and I'm looking at her math and I go/I can't help!' — Jeff Foxworthy, CIs 80 hosting "Are You Smarter Than a Fifth Grader?" on Fox televison, in USA Today

If we don't move aggressively in utilization of alternative fuels and energy savings ... we'll just depend more and more on uncertain suppliers around the world.

to take garbage to a plasma plant than it is to dump it on a landfill. — Louis Circeo director of plasma research at Georgia Tech, in Popular Science, which noted that a Startech machine that costs roughly $250 million could handle 2,000 tons of waste daily, about what a city of 1 million people amasses in that time span

— Jimmy Carter, CIs 46 in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution

it I'm not against fun. I like to play the same video games everyone else does. But I don't believe that video games have to be fun. — Ian Bogost assistant professor in the School of Literature, Communication and Culture, who develops video games that focus and commenf on social and political issues or, as he calls them, "playable editorial cartoons," in The Washington Post Express

it One of the hardest things for a robot to realize is it's stuck and that it needs a person to help it and initiating that request. ... Another big challenge is perception. Robot sensors are nowhere near as rich and reliable as the senses humans have. They are always faced with this challenge of, 'Well, my sensors are telling me this but what I does it mean?' I

— Tucker Balch

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associate professor of interactive computing and general chair of RoboCup 2007, scheduled in Atlanta in July, in the Redmond Developer News

it I think every American should live in another country for at least six months. •g 2007

it We were denying everybody on the inbounds play and Maryland threw a soft lob in and Duane Ferrell stole it around midcourt and dribbled in and dunked it to win the game (6462). We played Duke in the finals and lost a heartbreaker (68-67). But my freshman year — at one point, North Carolina was number one, we were number two and Duke was number four. That game against Maryland and Len Bias is my favorite tournament memory. — Tom Hammonds who was the ACC top freshman, played in the pros and now owns a professional drag racing team, on winning In the waning seconds of an ACC tournament game on March 8,1986, in the St. Petersburg Times

Not only do you realize how great we have it at home and how special our culture is, but, in meeting other Americans and talking about what we missed, I found out it's crazy the things people don't know about the South. — Clint Zeagler, ID 04 Pecan Pie Couture designer who had his mom ship a bag of grits to him in Europe to cook up for friends, in Women's Wear Daily

u The best renewable energy is the one we complain about the most: municipal solid waste. It will prove cheaper

It's death if you don't differentiate yourself in this competitive market. — Steve Salbu dean of the College of Management, concerning the significance of not being a brand X business school, in The Wall Street Journal

it As demand for corn increases, so too will its prices. This will drive the ethanol industry to look for lower-cost feedstock and as these alternatives develop, price and demand will stabilize. — Arthur Ragauskas associate professor at Georgia Tech, who said the key to a sustainable biofuels industry is cheaper feedstock, not expensive corn, in 777e Wall Street Journal

When you think of the flow of students into the IT workplace, if they're not excited about the work, they probably weren't excited about it in school. — Rich DeMillo dean of the College of Computing and former chief technology officer of Wlett-Packard, in eWEEK


Giant pandas have some sort of color vision. It is most likely that giant pandas are dichromats, confusing colors in the blue-green portion of the spectrum with gray. — Angela Kelling graduate researcher at Georgia Tech and Zoo Atlanta, who tested the zoo's two adult pandas and found that both have some form of color vision, on "Discovery News"

it Character-based leadership is one of the greatest needs we have. This generation of leaders doesn't get it about telling the truth. I want to teach what a leader looks like and who deserves to be followed. — Bill Curry, Mgt 65 ESPN football analyst and executive director of a leadership program at the Baylor School in Chattanooga, Tenn., in Living in Atlanta magazine

it Instead of being deaf, dumb and blind sitting on our desks or in our pockets, our computers might be able to

When rain hits the leaves of the lotus plant, it simply beads up. When the leaves are also tilted at a small angle, the beads of water run off instantaneously. While the water is rolling off, it carries away any dirt on the surface. — C.P.Wong professor in Georgia Tech's School of Materials Science and Engineering, J where researchers are mimicking the water^ proof qualities of lotus leaves to make more reliable electrical and electronics systems, in The Engineer Online

observe what we do all day, understand what is important to us and act as a virtual assistant who helps us on a second-by-second basis. — Thad Starner associate professor in the Contextual Computing Group at Georgia Tech, who has been at the forefront of developing intelligent, wearable smart fabrics and has worn his own custom-made computer since 1993, on CNN

I love what they did at quarterback, running back, linebacker and safety. I have been covering Georgia Tech recruiting for 15 years, and this may be their best effort. — Jamie Newberg football analyst for Scout.com, which ranked the Yellow Jacket recruiting class No. 14 in the country, in the Atlanta Journal-Constitution

The U.S. needs as much scientific and technologic brainpower as it can get. It makes no sense to exclude half the population. — Sue Rosser dean of the Ivan Allen College and author of "The Science Glass Ceiling," concerning the science gender gap, in Newsweek International

u I think it would be cool to show the world that girls can do what guys do. — Stacey

Jones a 12-year-old math whiz and one of 41 girls from Union Grove Middle School in Henry County, Ga., attending an "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Luncheon" at Georgia Tech, in the Henry Daily Herald

agazine • Spring 2007


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Making a Splash It may not be the focal point of the photograph, but beyond the bikinis is the diving platform inside the Campus Recreation Center at Georgia Tech. The Atlanta JournalConstitution shot photos of swimsuit models in and around Tech's pool for a fashion spread in the Sunday Living section of the newspaper. The ALUMNI MAGAZINE just couldn't pass up the opportunity to emulate Sports Illustrated. So, the lovely young lady on the left is wearing a white cotton pique suit banded in brown with coral accents made by Letarte. Her straw hat is by Shady Brady. The red and white polka dot bikini with lace trim on the right is by Local Motion. Nine West makes the straw cowboy hat. Be sure to look at those hats. > Âť Joey Ivansco/AManfa Journal-Constitution

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

Tech students attend a "Take Back the Night" candle-lighting ceremony focusing on sexual violence against women. The ceremony on campus was part of Women's Awareness Month and included a series of events in March on topics from traveling abroad to making life decisions, discussions about eating disorders and Islamic feminism, a photo exhibit and a comedy night. Yvette Upton, director of the Women's Resource Center, told the Technique that it is important to have outreach groups for female students on the Tech campus. "Depending on the major, one can still be one of the few women in class and that can make them feel very left out at times," Upton says. "It is important for women to have a place where they can form networks and friendships with other women on campus." >Âť


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Olympic Dorm Deal

Residence halls built to house Olympic athletes during the 1996 Summer Games are now the property of Georgia Tech. Since the fall of 1996, the residence halls at the corner of North Avenue and Centennial Olympic Park Drive have been the property of Georgia State, which has since developed more on-campus housing options in downtown Atlanta. University System of Georgia Chancellor Erroll B. Davis Jr. announced the transfer of the property in March. Georgia Tech students will move in this fall. "Acquiring the Georgia State Olympic residence halls will help us meet the housing demands of a growing student body at Georgia Tech and allow us new options as to how we use the land on our campus," says President Wayne Clough. The four residence halls, initially constructed at a cost of $79.6 million, currently can house 2,000 students in threeto six-bed apartments. >Âť

Photo: Gary Meek

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


Tech Climbs in Ranking of Best Buys

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Georgia Tech is one of the best bargains in the nation, says Kiplinger's magazine. In its "100 Best Values in Public Colleges," Georgia Tech ranks 13. "Compared with last year's rankings, some institutions leapfrogged into the top 20 and others dropped to lower positions," the magazine says. "For instance, Georgia Institute of Technology moved up 17 places, to number 13, by improving retention and graduation rates and beefing up financial aid. The University of Illinois fell 22 places by raising tuition and cutting need-based aid in half." The magazine says its rankings combine outstanding value with a first-class education. When financial aid and tax benefits are figured into a public-school education, the magazine says "an in-state student with average aid pays only $2,799 a year in tuition and fees — about the price of a 50-inch plasma TV. The annual total bill is just $10,000." Tuition and fees (without financial aid) for an in-state student at Tech taking 12 hours or more for the 2006-07 academic year is $2,427 per semester, GT

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For additional information on these tours and others check out our aqWiy' website at or *»''*f --* contact Martin Ludwig, Director of Georgia Tech Alumni Travel, at 404-894-0758 or

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


When the Outcome of Your Meeting Matters

Plan Your Next Corporate Meeting With Us Book your next corporate meeting, conference, or training seminar at the Georgia Tech Global Learning Center.

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Georgia T e c h Global Learning Center

A PROFESSIONAL MEETING AND LEARNING FACILITY

(404) 385-6203 â&#x20AC;˘ www.gatechcenter.com


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These are just a few of the reasons Georgia Tech alumni have shared with us as to why they contribute to Roll ( all, Tech's unrestricted annual fund. We'd love to know why you are a loyal Roll ( all donor, and you can let us know at www.gtalumni.oro;. If you haven't yet invested in Georgia Tech by making your gift to the Both Annual Roll Call, please do so today. Donate Online: www.gtaluinni.org or Call (800) GT-ALUMS

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


TECHNOTES National Prize on Library Shelf Georgia Tech's awardwinning "new model for the 21st century research library" has been a work in progress â&#x20AC;&#x201D; from its productivity and multimedia center to its state-of-the-art digital focus, from its enhanced study zones and performance spaces to its computer-friendly cafe.

Labeled the new model for the 21st century research library, Georgia Tech's Library and Information Center has received national recognition. The 2007 Excellence in Academic Libraries Award recognized the "impressive five-year transformation into the heart and soul of the community." The Association of College and Research Libraries cited dramatic steps taken to change the way Tech's library provides services to students. In partnership with the Office of Information Technology in the fall of 2002, the library created the General Productivity and Multimedia Center to provide an aesthetically stimulating environment with information and technology assistance in a 24-hour setting in the West Commons. The library installed the presentation rehearsal studio in the spring of 2004 to provide custom accommodations for student teams practicing for presentations. The establishment of the Resource Center in the spring of 2006 created a single-stop location for academic support services such as tutoring, advising and technical support. 'W'" Further collaboration with OIT and students led to enhanced study zones and performance spaces, as well as a cafe and exhibit space, in the East Commons last fall. Frances Maloy, who chaired the Association ol College and Research Libraries' selection committee, says the library also moved "swiftly to deliver digital content in evident and relevant ways. Staff responded with SMARTech and EPAGE to produce, disseminate and archive research created >Âť

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Photos: Gary Meek


>>>TECHNOTES at Tech. Staff also created award-winning software to improve access to and usability of electronic resources and Web-based services."

History Video Gets Top Marks The Alumni Association's Living History program won an Award of Excellence in the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education District III competition. Living History was honored for a video, "From the Ordinary to the Extraordinary: Georgia Tech Inventions and Innovations," produced in collaboration with the Georgia Tech Research Institute and unveiled during Family Weekend. Marilyn Somers, who directs the Living History program, wrote and produced the video. Scott Dinerman was responsible for graphics and editing. Alumni Communications received a Special Merit Award in the photo essay and series category. The Winter 2006 ALUMNI MAGAZINE cover story, "High-Tech Triumph," profiled the Georgia Aquarium, the alumni who played a role in its opening and the creatures who make it their home. The photographs were taken by Gary Meek. The article was written by Kimberly LinkWills and designed by Everett Hullum. >» The Alumni Association's Scott Dinerman and Marilyn Somers won top honors for their Living History video,

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Before devouring the Chicago Bears in the second half of Super Bowl XLI, the Indianapolis Colts downed proteins and carbs as part of a halftime allowance recommended by Georgia Tech athletics nutritionist Rob Skinner. "A few days after the AFC championship game, I got a call from Jon Torine, the Colts' strength and conditioning coach," Skinner says. "He said, 'We've got a big game coming up in two weeks and I need to know what to feed these guys at halftime.' At first I thought it was a joke." To Skinner, director of the Homer Rice Center for Sports Performance and a registered dietitian, a balanced meal is no laughing matter. He has attended the nutritional needs of Georgia Tech athletes for the past 10 years. Skinner told Torine that he had reservations about recommending the Colts' halftime snack. "I told him that he had been doing fine without me, but he said the Super Bowl halftime show was a half-hour longer and he needed ideas for food that would sustain the players' energy through the second half," Skinner says. "1 suggested a sports drink, thin slices of a sub sandwich, thin slices of melon, Ritz Bits with peanut butter, pretzels and bagels with cream cheese." Skinner loves his job. "Sports nutrition is my passion," he says. "But I never thought I would be able to get a job in the field. After 1 graduated from Georgia State, I realized there were very few available jobs in sports nutrition. Only three colleges — Penn State, Nebraska and Georgia Tech — employed dietitians in their athletics departments. I planned to go for advanced degrees and teach somewhere • * but an internship here at Tech led to a full-time job. "I get to teach 422 student athletes about nutrition every day at the most opportune time — when they're hungry. I'll walk through the cafeteria line with them or look at their plates and offer counseling." Skinner says he works primarily with Tech's football and men's basketball teams. "Every position in football requires individ-

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


ual attention," he says. "Offensive linemen have different needs than linebackers or safeties. Running backs and wide receivers have different requirements than a defensive end." Breakfast and basketball players pose the biggest challenges, he says. "Every athlete would rather get that extra five minutes of sleep instead of eating a good breakfast," he says with a chuckle, "and basketball players will miss meals as long as there is a good pickup game going." Skinner says his Super Bowl super snack provided a steady energy release instead of a quick burst of energy followed by fatigue. It must have worked. Ahead 16-14 at the break, the Colts scored 13 points in the second half while holding the Bears to a field goal. Skinner says he was told "that a Sports Illustrated.com reporter wrote that the Colts ate a small meal at halftime instead of their usual sports drink and energy bar." The reporter wrote, "Whatever they did, they better trademark it."

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Red Carpet Recognition

In football, "you get four quarters and the score goes back and forth. But with the Oscars, it's like two seconds, you're either on top of the world or you're down because you lost. It's so quick you can't believe it." — Mike Glad Oscar nominee

While nearly 40 million people tuned in to the 79th Annual Academy Awards telecast on Feb. 25 from the comfort of their living rooms, one Georgia Tech alumnus watched everything play out from a comfy seat in the Kodak Theatre. Mike Glad, IE 68, the producer and co-writer of the nominated 38-minute film "Recycled Life," was sitting in a sea of starlets and Oscar nominees. But he didn't stroll across the stage that night. The Academy Award for best documentary short subject instead went to "The Blood of Yingzhou District." "It's sort of funny," Glad says. "Having played sports and done things all my life, you get four quarters and the score goes back and forth. But with the Oscars, it's like two seconds, you're either on the top of the world or you're down because you lost. It's so quick you can't believe it. It's over, done." "Recycled Life" is the story of the generations of men, women and children who make their living recycling items found in the Guatemala City garbage dump. Many Guatemalans have scavenged for food in the toxic landfill's waste and some have made their homes there. "I'm not disappointed we didn't get the Oscar, I'm not disappointed that the other film won and I'm not disappointed with the results for our film," Glad says. "It gave it a lot of credibility and it's Academy Award-nominated alumnus Mike Glad, center, is joined on the famed red carpet by Leslie Iwerks, director of the film "Recycled Life," and her father, Don Iwerks.

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G e o r g i a T e c h Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

going to give it a lot more exposure and that's really neat. "All in all, it was a great experience, because it just brings so much more recognition for your film. And that was the goal," he says. Just four days after the Academy Awards ceremony, Glad and the film's director, Leslie Iwerks, hopped on a plane to show the documentary to a very special audience — some of the guajeros featured in the film. A new version of the film with additional footage and Spanish subtitles was screened in Guatemala City. Oscar may have slighted the filmmakers this time around, but there's always next year. During their visit to Guatemala, Glad and Iwerks sat down to brainstorm for their next project. "We're going to find something that we can sink our teeth into, 1 hope, and get going," Glad says. — By Leslie Overman "Recycled Life" will be going on tour with its fellow nominated shorts. The four films will be screened together at theaters throughout the country. A list of venues may be found at http://filmcatalog.apollocinema.com/OscarShortDocs2007/tabi d/1982/Default.aspx. A DVD of the film may be purchased at http://www.recycledlifedoc.com/.

Alumni Submit Family Tree Pictures for Photomosaic of Ramblin' Wreck Alumni are sending in their head shots by the hundreds to make up the Photomosaic cover of the centennial history of the Georgia Tech Alumni Association. There's space for your photo too. The book cover will be an image of the Ramblin' Wreck made up of thousands of faces of alumni — head-and-shoulders photos are ideal. While at least 10,000 images are planned for the cover, the mosaic could include three times that. Some alumni see the cover as a way of honoring loved ones by creating sort of a family tree with white and gold roots. Tench H. Phillips Jr., Mgt 52, told us, "This is a great way to honor your family." He's submitting images of his father, an uncle who played football for John Heisman and another uncle who played basketball for Tech in the 1930s. Charles Spencer, Mgt 72, MS Mgt 74, submitted a photo in which he is wearing blue jeans and a T-shirt and is standing next to Dean George Griffin in a suit. >»


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It's Your History You should be on the cover! E-mail your photo to us and it will be. The Georgia Tech Alumni Association celebrates its

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centennial in 2008 and we're publishing our history. The history of this organization — founded by alumni 100 years ago — is the history of Tech graduates.

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So it's Your History And that of your classmates. The centennial cover of the coffee table book will feature alumni in a Photomosaic of a helluva ear — the Ramblin' Wreck. That's where you come in. Send us your photos for inclusion in the Photomosaic.

E-mail your photo to: alumnipix@gtalumni.org Order your book now for $29.95 and save $10 off the cover price. Reserve your copy online at: www.gtalumni.org/centennialbook

Pictured from top: Ronald Yancey, Shirley Mewborn, Jeff Foxworthy, Patrise Perkins-Hooker, Jan Davis, vern Yip, Arthur Murray, Pernell Roberts, Caroline Medley, John Portman, John Young, Vivek Maddala, Stewart Cink, George P. Burdell, Nomar Garciaparra, Bobby Jones, Ray Davis, Tammy Fulwider (actress Megan Blake), Richard Truly, Ivan Allen Jr., Randolph Scott, Jeff Carlisi, George Griffin, John Salley and Sandra Adamson Fryhofer.

J

G e o r g i a T e c h Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


>>TECHNOTES "Dean Griffin was an old family friend of my grandfather, Louis Cleveland Clark, who was a Tech football player, and I did yard work and maintenance for the Griffins at their house for several years while I was at Tech," Spencer says. • Submit your photo and those of family members you would like to honor on the cover of the Alumni Association's centennial history to alumnipix@gtalumni.org. • Order your copy of the coffee table book for $29.95 and save $10 off the cover price at www.gtalumni.org/centennialbook.

Alumni Rave About Digital Magazine "Great! I actually reviewed the whole magazine in a matter of minutes. I know which articles I plan to go back and spend more time reading." — Wanda Murray, HS82 Midlothian, Va.

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Reaction to the launching of the digital, interactive GEORGIA TECH ALUMNI MAGAZINE has been overwhelmingly positive. "Way cool and well done," says Tavie North Allan, ICS 90, of Norcross, Ga. "This is absolutely wonderful. I loved being able to hear the tango," says Laura T. Garmendia, of Red Lion, Pa., whose son, Daniel, is a fourthyear student at Tech. "Wow! The best digital publication I have ever seen!" agrees David E. Mize, IE 66, of Midland, Ga. TTie Spring edition of the magazine is now also online, and it is available to Roll Call contributors. The online version permits readers to glance through thumbnail pages, go from the table of contents directly to an article and search through the issue. The digital, interactive edition of the Spring Tedi Topics is online and back issues for 2006 editions of both the GEORGIA TEG I ALUMNI MAGAZINE and Tech Topics have been posted in a digital format. The online publications are searchable by name and subject. The digital, multimedia publications are presented in addition to the print versions as a benefit for Roll Call contributors. The inaugural editions of the Winter ALUMNI MAGAZINE and the Spring Tech Topics may be viewed by all alumni and friends. To look at the Winter magazine, follow this link: http://www. nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gatech/alumni-winter07/; to link to Tech Topics, go to http://www.nxtbook. com/nxtbooks/gatech/techtopics-spring07/.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

Tech Scores Robotics Competition Georgia Tech will host RoboCup 2007, the world's most renowned research competition for custombuilt robots and their designers, July 1-10. This is the first time the international competition, featuring simulated soccer and search-and-rescue contests, will be hosted entirely on a college campus and only the second time it will be in the United States. "Over the past few years, Georgia Tech has emerged as a global leader in robotics research and innovation, based upon its partnerships with industry leaders and our strengths in interactive and intelligent computing. "By hosting the 11th annual RoboCup competition, Georgia Tech will have a great opportunity to showcase the technology leadership of the Institute and the city of Atlanta to researchers and scientists worldwide," says Tucker Balch, College of Computing associate professor and general chair of RoboCup 2007 Atlanta. Georgia Tech also is home to the Institute for Personal Robotics in Education, which was officially opened in March at the Klaus Advanced Computing Building. The College of Computing's partners in the venture, which is designed to reinvigorate the computer science curriculum by delivering robotics technology into the classroom, are Bryn Mawr College and Microsoft Corp. Microsoft announced in July that it would award $1 million to make the institute a reality. RoboCup will bring about 218 senior robotics teams and 140 junior teams from more than 20 countries to Tech to test the limits in artificial intelligence and robotics research. The annual competition, with sponsors including Microsoft, Lockheed Martin and Citizen, involves about 1,500 students and faculty from leading universities around the world, as well as 500 middle school and high school students. This year's RoboCup also will feature the debut of the Nanogram League, a competition between microscopic robots. The micro-electromechanical systems in competition can only be viewed via microscope, but competition attendees will be able to watch the contest via a magnified broadcast shown on large screens throughout the event.


Personal Robot Student Victoria Vasquez is learning about computers by programming her own mobile, tabletop robot. Associate professor Tucker Balch says personal robots could motivate greater interest in studying computer technology. Microsoft awarded Tech $1 million to sponsor the Personal Robots in Education effort in the college. In January, students began taking the mandatory introductory computer science course. "This is the just like the beginning of the personal computing revolution," College of Computing Dean Richard DeMillo says. "Not many people could foresee the day when there would be an entire software industry devoted to PCs. Robotics is at the same stage.

Photo: Gary Meek


EESSDN51R Filling the shoes of iconic men whose names are synonymous with the companies they run could make the and the decision to take over half of Bill Gates' job responsibilities at Microsoft was a fairly easy one. Jack

Wal-Mart balloon from a little Arkansas dime store to the biggest retailer in the world. Joe Evans learned tf

will succeed in a certain job. Psychology also has figured into James Robinson's career as he has counted > up around the globe in several beverage industry jobs, energized by a competitive marketplace and challer

The View from Microsoft's Office Windows

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Craig Mundie readies for move to top floor to co-anchor the company Gates built

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ow do you take an iconic person out of an iconic company?" asks Craig Mundie, chief strategy and research officer at Microsoft. Mundie's question, posed during the New Face of Computing Symposium at Georgia Tech in March, is a rhetorical one as he has already been tapped as one of two heirs presumptive to the top-floor office of Bill Gates, who has said he is walking away from day-to-day responsibilities at Microsoft in July 2008. "In an interesting way the decision became fairly easy," says Mundie, EE 71, MS ICS 72. "We couldn't replace Bill. We'd just divide his job between me and Ray Ozzie (Microsoft's chief software architect). I don't think anybody looking in from the outside world would have necessarily

28

predicted that was how that would happen, but that's what we did." Mundie joined Microsoft in 1992 after shutting down Alliant Computer Systems, the company he co-founded a decade earlier to develop supercomputers. "I was never very risk averse. I was always willing to go try things, from the days I was in school here to almost everything I've ever done since I left here, without a fear of failure," he says. When the Berlin Wall collapsed, so did the supercomputing industry — and Alliant, Mundie says. "All the people who started with me stayed with me until the very end. It was very profound to realize these people all knew that the end was going to come, but there was a sense of family and trust that we'd all do what we

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

could and then we'd go on and do something different. This sense of partnership and trust and loyalty among the people who work with you is really, really essential." Mundie was considering starting a software company or going into venture capital when he got a call from Microsoft. He recalls his first meeting with Gates. "He said, 'One of the things I like about you is you just had to shut down your company. One day, I don't know when it's going to come, but Microsoft will have a bad day When that day comes, I want to have people like you at Microsoft who've been through the good and the bad.'" Microsoft hired him to launch its non-PC consumer products groups, which introduced the Timex Datalink watch, in-car computing platforms and the first interactive television offering. "None of those things actually took off at that time. But the company has been extremely persistent in applying each of those things and morphing them against the market," he says. "Today we pretty much are the world leader in designing infrastructure for IPTV. That's 15 years later and it's just really starting to roll out in a big way. We certainly developed a prominent position in the gaming business with the Xbox. >»


GRSHIP

3 timid opt for flip-flops instead of wingtips. But Craig Mundie says he has never been averse to taking risks [ Shewmaker walked next to Sam Walton, listening to him, watching him and learning from him, and helped :fiat

what's inside a person's head and heart can make a big difference in determining whether that person

,on people who believe integrity is something they would never leave home without. John Brock has popped riged to win with the "right people in the right jobs with the right objectives."

BY KIMBERLY LINK-WILLS

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


i Craig Mundie of ..Microsc

1

"People laughed at me personally and the company in the mid-'90s when we came out with the first handheld PCs. Everybody said, 'You guys just don't get it. Palm Pilots, baby, that's all you're going to need.' Today those kind of devices are long since passed in terms of what people want. "To some extent we have this orientation toward building the things we think that the technology will grow into using and that society will grow into wanting at the time they reach scale," Mundie says. "I think Bill has always had a belief that your ability to succeed in the future ... in large measure is based on a willingness to invest toward that future and the people who are willing to take the risk and go out there beyond the frontier and to start things when it is absolutely unclear what the outcome will be or when it will be." After Gates announced his impending retirement, Mundie was promoted last summer from the post of chief technical officer of advanced strategies and policy. In 2000, President Clinton named him to the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee. In 2002, he joined the Task Force on National Security in the Information Age and was appointed to the Council on Foreign Relations Inc. "Many people say to Bill Gates, 'Computing, it's like a solved problem,' " Mundie says. "We say this thing is barely in adolescence. Anybody who thinks that we have most things figured out just doesn't get it. "The biggest challenge we have at Microsoft is facing the prospect of fundamental changes in computing itself. When I travel around the world, there's almost nobody left worrying about the computer. They're all worried about how to use the computer we know, not how to figure out how we're going to continue to evolve computation itself. I worry about where all the people are going to come from

30

"This field we're in, at least the software part of it, is one of the only important engineering-like activities in our society that has not in my view graduated to be a real engineering discipline yet. It's missing the fundamental capability, which is formal composition." Photo: Rob Felt

who are actually going to evolve computing technology." Mundie, who sits on Tech's College of Computing advisory board, asserts that most governments in the world's developed countries are not adequately funding computer science research at the university level. "Companies like Microsoft and IBM and a number of others are doing a lot of research in specific areas and some of it you can think of as basic, but it certainly isn't a replacement in my mind for what the role of academia should be in basic research. "We've been creating a number of programs through external research operations, some of which are evidenced here," Mundie says, referring to the Institute for Personal Robotics in Education that he helped officially open with a ribbon cutting during his visit to campus. The robotics institute is a partnership among Tech's College of Computing, the all-female Bryn Mawr College and Microsoft and was made possible in part with a $1 million grant from the company. Mundie says there was a time when he, Gates and Tandy Trower, the general manager of the Microsoft Robotics Group and a speaker at the College of Computing symposium, were probably the only people within the company who thought they should move into the field. He uses Korea as just one example of why robotics is important to the world. "Koreans realize they have the

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

oldest population in the world now," he says. "They are a very homogeneous society. It's not one that's going to lend itself toward immigration. There are a lot of them sitting around scratching their heads saying, 'How are we going to take care of these old people?' At some point you have to say machines are going to have to play a bigger role." Mundie says Microsoft is studying "some of society's toughest problems for which people don't know the answers and where maybe expertise in computing could help. We are funding a number of research activities in what I call radical computing. We gave it that name largely to try to grab people a little bit and say, 'It's got to be radical. If you want us to be involved with you, think out of the box.' "We're building a health solutions group that actually sells solutions at the infrastructural level of hospitals and medical schools at $1 (million) to $3 million a pop. We're also doing technology for wellness in the hands of the consumers themselves. It's about as far away from mass market software as possible, but it... might actually create a revolution" in personalized medicine, Mundie says. Researchers in every science and engineering discipline "need desperately to have a lot more knowledgeable people about computer science. There has been such a demand in the marketplace for people who can spell computer that we've just sucked them out of the university environment > Âť


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Your ability to succeed in the future, in large measure, is based on a willingness to invest toward that future and the people who are willing to take the risk and go out there beyond the frontier and to start things when it is absolutely unclear what the outcome will be or when it will be. JJ


There has been such a demand in the marketplace for people who can spell computer that we've just sucked them out of the university environment worldwide. It is clear to me that in many of these challenges — in health and education — on a global basis there is no prospect of a solution unless we can get computer systems to be part of the solution. JJ

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


Lessons in Leadership t

worldwide/' he says. "It is clear to me that in many of these challenges — in health and education — on a global basis there is no prospect of a solution unless we can get computer systems to be part of the solution." Mundie urges focus on energy, education and epidemiology. "Even if we can't solve all the problems, finding some way to get more multidisciplinary engagement around disciplines that are likely to help in those

particular areas would certainly go a long way in terms of improving the global state of affairs. "This field we're in, at least the software part of it, is one of the only important engineering-like activities in our society that has not in my view graduated to be a real engineering discipline yet. It's missing the fundamental capability, which is formal composition," he says. "The complexity is growing exponentially as a function of

the scale of the systems, but we fail to master the fundamental tool that breaks the back of the complexity problem, which is a formal model of composition. "Society is actually demanding something of our systems that they didn't use to demand," Mundie says, "and I would just tell you that I think society is going to ratchet up its expectations and that's what's going to force a change." ^mr

The Science of Selecting Employees Joe Evans has hiring down to a science. "Something that Eve come to believe is that plans are not hard to come up with. Plans are cheap; execution is dear. There are many more failed business endeavors that trace their roots back to poor execution than from a bad idea."

E

xecution is really all about people," says Evans, IM 71, founder and managing principal of Bankers' Capital Group LLC and former chairman and CEO of Flag Financial Corp., during a College of Management IMPACT speech. "It's how to get the right people, avoid the wrong people, how to mold what I consider nearly perfect teams out of imperfect players, how to get people to buy into vision, values and direction, how to get them to talk to one another, share ideas and ultimately how to keep them together long

enough to get really good as an organization and to get something done. "Choose people skillfully. There's both art and science in the business of selecting people — selecting and rejecting people. I would suggest to you that there's a lot more science than art. All of us will come to believe that we have good instincts and intuitions about people but only when that intuition and art are applied on sound, rational, factual analysis do you get acceptable results. That involves psychological profiling, which I am a great proponent of." Evans has been using psychologi-

cal profiles of prospective employees 9 since the late 1980s, when he turned to Corporate Psychology Resources in Atlanta after making a bad hiring deci- oa s sion. The tests, he says, provide insight D into a candidate's strengths, weakness- ro es and temperament that are difficult Q to determine solely in an interview. "In our business I've found that a there are some subtleties that are 3 c highly correlated with success or failure that are very hard for me to pick up in an interview," Evans says. "We haven't hired anyone without a psychological profile in probably 10 years. The test has rarely painted an incorrect picture. It's as important as the interview and the background check." Evans says an "awful hire" can be disastrous for a company. "You can make some great teams out of ordinary people skillfully integrated, but the poor fit, whether it's from incompetence or just incompatibility, can have an undermining effect that can take years and lots of money to unwind," he says. "The more people who understand where you want to go, how you want to get there, the higher the probability is that you're going to get there. It was part of our culture that vision, mission and values needed to be written on people's hearts," Evans says. "You can't manage a company from a policy manual if people don't >»

G e o r g i a T e c h Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

33


I Joe Evans of.Bankers' Capital Group. # believe in them. Policy manuals are reference books. They're not the heart and soul of the company. "When people really genuinely believe and embrace the vision, mission and values of the company, something takes place that I call the invisible hand. The company starts to go where it's supposed to go without autocratic direction. When you've got several hundred people who know where you want to go, presuming that their competency is there, presuming that there's teamwork there, the odds

are that you're going to get there. It will surprise you how effortlessly an organization can move when vision, mission, values and tactical objectives are widely shared." Evans says a culture of respect means treating an entry-level employee the same as a member of the board of directors. "Ask and listen. I don't know if there's any greater demonstration of respect to an employee from a senior officer than to ask them what they think and then shut up and listen. "I will absolutely acknowledge

Integrity is the Foundation of ., ToUowership' \\ James D. Robinson III has learned lessons in leadership at each stop along his career path, Among the most important: "There is no place for office politics. It destroys trust. It's counterproductive for the individual and for the enterprise.

A

fter earning a Harvard MBA, Robinson, IM 57, served as assistant to the president of Morgan Guaranty Trust Co., then was a general partner with White Weld & Co. before serving as chairman and chief executive officer of American Express from 1977 to 1993. Today he is chairman of the board of Bristol-Myers Squibb and a cofounder and general partner of RRE Ventures LLC, a private information technology venture investment firm. Robinson says the education he received at Morgan Guaranty included

34

learning that "integrity matters around the clock. You can't turn it on and off." The same goes for humility. "True leadership must have 'followership.' Management styles can vary but even an autocrat needs people who believe and simply don't follow because of fear." At White Weld he learned to "care intensely about your work and feel personally accountable." "Hire strong," Robinson learned at American Express. "Have people smarter than you working for you and with you. Too many managers don't want strong people around them.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

that other people have successfully run companies different ways. I know people who've made a lot of money running cram-down, autocratic companies. It didn't work for me. It didn't suit my style. It didn't suit the kind of people I attracted," Evans says. "If you get in with the right group of people heading in the right direction, good things will happen. I think there's a high degree of correlation with the intangibles of a productive and cohesive work force and good financial rewards."

They think it's too threatening. That is a big mistake. Always remember the smarter the people the more you can accomplish. "As you become more senior — president and certainly CEO — much more time must be devoted to developing people. Talent development is not something the human resource department does. It is a critical line and senior staff responsibility," he says. Robinson says American Express was an early adopter of total quality management. "I wouldn't let my senior management talk to me about results — operating results, financial results — without also talking about the quality coefficients and whether they were reading as they should be reading. Culture, vision, values — that's all part of the quality matrix." Change is an ever-present challenge in any organization, he says. "Change is inevitable. Be very careful that the arrogance of success doesn't cloud the need for change. Beware the delusion of success. I've always enjoyed being a change agent, in fact driving change. At times I might have gotten to the party early, but it's exciting to find opportunities through change, where others see only threats." Robinson emphasized a "no-surprise culture," but he realized that cover-ups happened and he had > »


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.

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True leadership must have 'followership.' Management styles can vary but even an autocrat needs people who believe and simply don't follow because of fear. JJ


of RRE Ventures to question information and verify it. "Don't just assume. Assumption is the mother of all screwups." He tells Tech students during an IMPACT speech that companies like Enron that embraced extremes and ignored a moral compass put the entire U.S. economic system at risk. "Aggressive practices became the

new standard from which even more aggressive practices grew. Principles were compromised. Our system was put in substantial risk by some rogue CEOs, their senior associates and even some of their directors," he says. "Ours is the best system in the world, the best system for creating individual opportunity, by far the best system for

mobilizing capital, capital to finance investment, to support innovation, capital to allow risk taking and capital to create jobs. Corporate scandals put all of that at risk. How stupid is that? "Tomorrow's leaders will need to have intellectual depth and breadth and the highest ethical principles, a keen vision for knowing what is right."

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An Offer Not to Refuse Jack Shewmaker agreed to meet Sam Walton halfway. It was a move that changed his life.

O

ne day in early 1970, Jack Shewmaker, Cls 58, turned down a job with a small Bentonville, Ark., retail operation called Wal-Mart. That night Shewmaker, by then in Missouri, received a call from Sam Walton, the company founder. "He said, T sure would like to meet you.' I said, 'Well, Mr. Walton, I don't see a whole lot of merit in driving all the way back to Arkansas.' Now you think about that a minute, with all that has happened to Wal-Mart and me since. That's about as dumb a thing as anybody could ever say, but that's what I said," he recalls during an IMPACT talk. "Then he, in one sentence, through his suppressed ego and pride, said some-

36

thing to me that changed my life, my attitude and my approach to everything I did. He said, 'Will you meet me halfway?' We drove to a Howard Johnson restaurant, sat and had coffee for about three hours, talked about the business and found out we had a lot of shared ideas about what the business should become and how we should go about it." When Walton offered Shewmaker a job, he accepted. Shewmaker retired in 1988 as vice chairman and chief financial officer of Wal-Mart Stores Inc. He remains on the Wal-Mart board of directors and is a consultant sought by companies around the world. He also breeds champion Angus cattle at JAC's Ranch outside Bentonville.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

"I was very fortunate to be in the right place at the right time with WalMart Stores. When I began with the company, we did $30 million the first year. This year they expect to do something on the scale of $340 billion," Shewmaker says. "I would attribute a lot of our success to being in a position where we dealt with very simple explanations, very simple definitions of who we were and what we were and what our business was. We combined with that the latest technology in a way that most people can't imagine. We had computers in our stores probably five years before our major competitors." Shewmaker says he didn't mind being teased about living and working


Lessons in Leadership

in Arkansas, "it was kind of self-serving to have them believe we were behind the times when in fact we were sitting there with more computing capacity, more technology in our stores reading bar codes, using a central database, developing distribution communication skills." Walton never poked fun at competitors' stores, according to Shewmaker. "I kept wanting to go to a store with him and have him say, 'We've really gotten there, Jack. You've done a great job. We look a lot better.' It never happened â&#x20AC;&#x201D; never, ever happened. "I remember going into a competitor's store once along the Mississippi River. We looked at that store and it was gosh awful bad. I thought, 'OK, today's my day. I'm going to get my praise.' He stood there for an inordinately long time and then pointed clear back in the corner of the store and he said, 'You see that keychain display back in automotive? That's really good. Do we have that?' 'No sir.' 'We oughta have that.' "I never did get him to say that we'd arrived, that we'd done it," Shewmaker says. "What do you learn when you go into your competition and see what they're doing wrong other than serve your own pride or ego? You're not going to incorporate what they're doing wrong into what you do. "Think about focusing only on the things that they're doing better than you and separating that out from everything else that they are doing and coming back and incorporating what they do better than you into what you're doing. That's how WalMart was built and it was primarily because of the way his mind worked and the way he got the rest of us to think. "He thought about people and inclusion and involvement," Shewmaker continues. "He never walked in and met any individual

I

anywhere that he didn't relate to or respect. Sam did the simplest of things to communicate. He carried a legal pad with him wherever he went. We'd go into a store and he'd say, 'What's your name? Mary Jones? How do you spell Jones?' Literally he would give it that much attention. 'Mary, what do you think we could do better in our store?'" No matter what the suggestion was, Walton would write it down, Shewmaker says. "I had been with the man on days where he received the same suggestion as many as a dozen times. He did not have a bad memory. He wrote it down every single time. Why would he do that? The ultimate respect is if you bother to ask somebody what their name is to really want to know. The ultimate respect is to ask them what you should do differently and to really want to hear what they have to say." During times of crisis, Walton was on the scene, Shewmaker says. "It was Memorial Day of 1982 that

a tornado ripped through southern fee Illinois. It happened to hit the town of our very best store called Marion, Illinois," says Shewmaker, who flew there with Walton. "One-third of the back of the store is gone. The rest of the store is flooded. Glass and debris are all over the store. I'll never forget what happened. Most executives would walk in and say 'you need to do this to save that' and 'you need to do that to save that.' Sam walked in and he got on his hands and knees and he brushed the water and the glass away with his hands. Then he asked all of us to come sit down and talk." Shewmaker says Walton assured the employees that there would be no job losses or pay cuts while the store was closed for repairs. He pulled out his personal checkbook and gave the local Red Cross chapter thousands of dollars to help townspeople who had lost their homes. And he agreed to reopen part of the store within a week to sell supplies needed in cleanup and rebuilding efforts. "I learned some invaluable lessons," Shewmaker says. "I didn't learn how to be successful until I adopted and embraced and understood the policy of servant leadership." Through Wal-Mart Shewmaker also learned that constant change and teaching employees how to deal with it are vital. "Sam believed when we were doing our best was when we needed to change the most. I believe that too. We were constantly trying to find ways to change even when we were doing better than our competition. "With that comes a responsibility to communicate. As change occurs, the rate of communication must go up many times faster in order to have people understand why. I've rarely seen any organization outside of WalMart that does that. And it's one of the truest formulas I've ever known." > Âť

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I never did get him to say that we'd arrived, that we'd done it. What do you learn when you go into your competition and see what they're doing wrong other than serve your own pride or ego? JJ

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

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Don't let John Brock's laid-back style fool you. The president and CEO of Coca-Cola Enterprises loves playing in the competitive environment • By Gary Goettling

W

hen John Brock sits down at his piano, he likes to play Beethoven's sonatas or compositions by Mozart. In recent months, his repertoire has embraced another classic: "I'd Like to Buy the World a Coke." Actually, Brock would rather have the world buy the Cokes, and he's doing everything he can to make that possible. A year ago this May, Brock, ChE 70, MS ChE 71, was named president and CEO of Coca-Cola Enterprises, the world's largest marketer, distributor and producer of Coke products. The Atlanta-based company's 73,000 employees are divided among plants located in the United States, Canada, Belgium, France, Britain, Luxembourg, Monaco and the Netherlands. "It was really great to get back to the States — back in Atlanta and the South," says Brock, a native Mississippian who had lived overseas for the past decade. The first outsider to run the 20year-old company, Brock brought to the task an impressive background in the international consumer beverage industry. He spent nearly 20 years with Cadbury Schweppes, makers of Dr Pepper and 7-Up, working his way up through several operations, marketing and management positions to become chief operating officer in 2000 at the company's London headquarters.

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Three years later he joined Interbrew, a Belgian beer maker and as CEO engineered a merger with a giant Brazilian brewer to form InBev, the largest beer producer by volume in the world. Brock served as CEO of the new company until last year. In a 2004 profile, Fortune magazine described Brock as an "unassuming" executive with an informal management style — a sharp contrast to the brutally competitive, cutthroat beverage industry. "It's a challenging business," he concedes, "but the good news is that people are going to continue to drink refreshment beverages even in developed markets like the U.S., Canada and Europe, where we play. Unit volume growth continues in the 2 to 3 percent range across all beverages. "And even though carbonated soft drinks aren't growing quite like they used to, all the other beverages like energy drinks, sports drinks, juices, waters and teas are growing. So it's a competitive environment out there, but it's one we love playing in." While The Coca-Cola Company handles advertising and product development, everything else — from production plants to delivery trucks to shelf stockers — is Brock's domain. "Our first priority is to make sure we have either the number one or number two product in every category," he explains. "Secondly is to make sure we have the most effective and most efficient model for going to mar-

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

ket. We have what's called a direct store-delivery system. When you're in the Kroger or Publix parking lot and you see that red truck parked there, that's our guy who's taking the products in the front door, whereas most consumer products come in the back door through the store warehouses. It's a very powerful system, so it's important that we have state-of-the-art 'go-to-market' models for our salesmen, delivery men and the people who merchandise." The third priority, according to Brock, is to maintain a high-quality work force. "If you're going to win, you have to have the best people. We're focused on making sure we have the right people in the right jobs with the right objectives, and we're constantly upgrading our team." Brock grew up in Moss Point, Miss., situated just east of Biloxi. His late father, who worked for International Paper Co. for 35 years, grew up there too. His mother, who died last year, had lived in the Gulf Coast town since 1943 and worked as an elementary school teacher for more than 40 years. His brother and family still live there. And if those family ties were not enough, Brock is married to his childhood sweetheart, Mary. The couple have three children. Brock's mother and brother evacuated before Hurricane Katrina muscled onto the shore. They were doubly lucky because their homes were left relatively unscathed, "but almost everyone around them had serious damage to their homes, and some were completely destroyed," Brock says. "I've been there any number of times over the past year, and it's tragic to see the devastation there." As a high school student, Brock aspired to become an architect, but the more he thought about it, the more he wanted to become an engineer. "I wasn't artistic enough to be an architect," he laughs. "But 1 loved


Lessons in Leadership o

chemistry, physics and math, so I decided that I wanted to be a chemical engineer." He received scholarship offers from Vanderbilt, Tulane and Georgia Tech. "T wanted to go to the best engineering school in the South, and that was Georgia Tech." Chemical engineering may seem an unlikely background for a beverage industry executive, but Brock points out that the nature of engineering "makes it a great discipline for problem solving and making real-world assumptions." "It's not necessary to be 100 percent right all the time," he explains. "A lot of times, if you get it 80 percent or 90 percent right through doing a variety of estimates, that works just fine." Brock credits his Tech experience with teaching him another valuable lesson with a business application:

working with people. He was elected president of his fraternity, Phi Sigma Kappa, and was involved in a number of campus activities including the concert and fine arts committees. The importance of that lesson hit home after graduation and he accepted a job offer with Procter & Gamble. "I did a fair amount of project engineering, product development and product research, but very quickly realized that I liked the people dimension most," says Brock, who stayed at the Cincinnati-based consumer products giant for 11 years before moving to Cadbury Schweppes in 1983. "Leading teams to accomplish common goals and objectives was a lot more meaningful for me than focusing purely on the technical aspects of what I was doing." When Brock isn't running CocaCola Enterprises, he might be found

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jogging, getting ready for a scuba-diving vacation at Grand Cayman or TO playing classical and jazz on the piano. 3 n And he plans to squeeze more Georgia o9n Tech activities into his schedule too. "Now that I'm back in Atlanta, I'll n definitely be more involved with Tech," says Brock, who has served on the Georgia Tech Advisory Board for i-t the past five years. When he recently -7/ toured the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering with chair Ron Rousseau, Brock noted that a lot more than the name had changed in the 35 years since he was a student there. "It's just remarkable," he says. "The buildings, people, research programs and the continuing focus on undergraduate education — while at the same time building a first-rate graduate school — it's really exciting to see." GT

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

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>>PACESETTERS

Where in the World is Tammy Fulwider?

You wouldn't know Tammy Fulwider today. Not as Tammy Fulwider. Fulwider, Psy 81, has led a not-so-secret life. The magna cum laude graduate was crowned Miss Georgia in 1983. It may have seemed that Tammy Fulwider dis-

The not-so-secret life of actress Megan Blake By John Dunn

appeared after her reign, but in fact she has been widely visible on movie and television screens. In the entertainment world, she is known as actress Megan Blake, She answers the phone at her Malibu, Calif., home with a start.

"Tammy Fulwider!" she laughs. "I haven't gone by Tammy Fulwider in years." As Megan Blake, she has appeared in more than 25 films and more than 20 television series. One of her best-known roles is the comedic portrayal of the trailer-trash mother of Christina Ricci in "The Opposite of Sex," named one of the best films of 1998 by The New York Times. Currently Blake is the co-host of a 13-part PBS television series, "Animal Attractions." But when she was a student at Tech, the Jacksonville, Fla., native was Tammy Fulwider. loved math and science," she says of her decision to attend

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring


Tech. "I was really good with spatial orientations and math. I was interested in the arts as well and I was a dancer." She studied ballet at Tech, but did not get involved in DramaTech. "Doing theater is extremely time-consuming — all of the rehearsals — and I was already taking dance classes regularly. Tech is a difficult school," says Blake, who did a stint as a speechwriter for Georgia Gov. George Busbee after graduation. The name change and a career in entertainment came immediately after her reign as Miss Georgia. "I started hosting segments on 'Weekend Magazine' on the CBS affiliate in Atlanta," she says. But before her first segment aired, she says she was told "to get a different name. I thought Megan Blake was a solid name." Under her new persona, Blake got an Atlanta agent and at her first audition, she was cast as the girlfriend in the 1985 film "Invasion U.S.A." starring Chuck Norris.

"For the first audition, it was fantastic," she says. "My character is the one who discovers the bomb that Chuck Norris is looking for."

Film Festival in Tampa, Fla., and she co-wrote with the late producer Jay Bernstein "The Starmaker: The Secrets to Success in Hollywood."

She moved to Los Angeles to study acting and got a role in "Days of Our Lives," playing Hillary, secretary to Marlena (Deidre Hall), a character who becomes possessed by the devil. She also landed a role in "General Hospital" as Lillian, a flirtatious nurse.

Blake also appears in a soon-to-be released mockumentary "The Ballet Putzenskia." She plays a pushy ballet company publicist in the parody. "Everything is so serious it is way over the top," Blake says.

Blake's career grew to include substantial roles acting opposite Elizabeth Taylor, Mark Harmon, Randy Quaid, David Carradine, Suzanne Somers and Brooke Shields. She appears with Will Ferrell in "Talladega Nights" and has had roles in episodes of such hit TV shows as "Baywatch Nights," "Suddenly Susan," "Step by Step" and "Dawson's Creek." Blake, who appeared with Taylor in the television version of Tennessee Williams' "Sweet Bird of Youth," says the screen legend was "wonderful" to work with. "It was awe-inspiring. She is quiet and keeps to herself. You notice funny things when you meet someone that famous. She has tiny, petite feet. I thought, 'My goodness, her feet are so small."' Blake lives in Los Angeles with her husband, Kim Swartz, an entertainment attorney. She produced and starred in the independent film "The Cross," winner of the Audience Appreciation Award at the 2002 Tampa Bay

She is slated to star in a science fiction movie, "Eyeborgs," scheduled to begin filming this spring. "I play a television reporter who saves the world," Blake says. She has maintained ties with her hometown and last year she and her husband spoke at the Jacksonville Film Festival. It was there she linked up with Jacksonville's Emmy Award-winning PineRidge Film and Television Co, She is a co-host, contributing writer and producer on the "Animal Attractions" series that focuses on the relationship between people and their pets. "I love animals. I've had dogs and cats my whole life, so it was a natural fit," says Blake, who has six animals now, all of which she rescued, including a purebred Arabian horse she saved from slaughter 13 years ago. "I rescued a 3-year-old Arabian horse that had been so abused that he was dangerous," she says. "His growth was stunted. They couldn't keep him and

Megan Blake, aka Tammy Fulwider when she attended Tech, with Will Ferrell (far left) and (above, from left) John C. Re illy on the set of "Talladega Nights," Christina Ricci on the set of "The Opposite of Sex" and David Carradine in "The Puzzle in the Air."

they couldn't sell him, so a horse trader —- which meant slaughter — was coming to get him. So I took him. "He's right here in my Malibu backyard," she says. "He's wonderful. He's gorgeous. I named him Starfire. We've done endurance racing. "Horses are beautiful, poetic, sensitive animals," she says, adding that some people who don't know how to care for horses manhandle them. Blake also has a miniature horse as a companion to the Arabian because horses are herd animals. Her other animals consist of two dogs — a white mixed Lab amputee named Spirit and a border collie called Guardian — and two cats. One of the cats, Tout Suite, appears as "the travel kitty" on "Animal Attractions." It's aptly named. Blake says the cat has logged more than 60,000 miles with her. Blake says her career has allowed her to put her psychology degree to good use. "I've had the engineering aptitude with all of the math, and I've had the artistic interest," Blake says. "I guess I'm using both sides of my brain." G T

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

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of the Earth V&i/flge to fe Nort/z Pofe puts Bill Kruse on top of the world Illustrations by Bob Braun

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After retiring from the Air Force as an engineer in 1993, Bill Kruse, IE 51, and his wife, Irene, began traveling â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Alaska and Australia and points in between. Their journey to find each other is a story itself. A native of New Jersey, Kruse enrolled at Tech after serving aboard a Navy destroyer in World War II. Irene Davenport grew up in Atlanta but headed north for college, earning a history degree fromWellesley. By the time she graduated in 1956, Georgia Tech had opened its doors to women. Irene Davenport enrolled and was awarded a textiles degree from the Institute in 1959. Meanwhile, Kruse had gone back north. He was working for the FAA in Washington, D.C., and serving as president of the Georgia Tech alumni club there. Washington was full of Tech grads and Davenport was connected with alumni club members when she came to town. Kruse offered to show her around Washington and escorted her to a football game. They married in 1963. Kruse lost his wife to breast cancer in 2003, but he has continued exploring the world. In 2004, he traveled to the Athens Olympics, China and Machu Picchu. When Kruse decided to drive all over Ireland in 2005, he had to get a note from his doctor before he could rent a car because of an Irish law pertaining to older motorists. Lately his trips have been drives back and forth between his home in Fort Walton Beach, Fla., and his doctor's office. Prostate cancer has temporarily grounded Kruse. But he has plans. He says he's going to Antarctica next year.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


By Bill Kruse our months shy of my 80th birthday, I reached the North Pole. I have flown across the Kalahari Desert of Botswana, ridden the Trans-Siberian Railway, gone on safari and crossed the Gobi Desert of Mongolia. I have driven along the Alcan Highway, the entire length of New Zealand, all over Ireland, the Yukon and Northwest territories and through all 50 states. I have climbed Mount Whitney and cruised the Volga River in Russia and the Yangtze River in China. All of these experiences have been invaluable and given me peace of mind and soul, a reason for living. ^'jJKs^4r^*<\ 1 am one of those world > »

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


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travelers who values and chooses to go to the remaining wide-open spaces still left in the world. 1 was one of 93 adventurers to reach 90 degrees north latitude aboard the Russian nuclear motor ship Yamal, the most powerful icebreaker in the world. Despite the ship's awesome 75,000 horsepower, the final leg wasn't easy. It took 31 hours to negotiate the last 62 miles, taking a zigzag course, mostly eastward, then northward, to reach our destination. Frequently we had to back up, then go forward or in another direction to cut through the heavy blue ice. Shortly after midnight Moscow time on Saturday, July 8, 2006, the Yamal, which means "end of the Earth," arrived at the pole. The passengers, from 20 countries, had been to some of the most remote places in the world so it was natural that they would be attracted to going to the pole. My cabinmate was a retired German lawyer and a mountaineer who had climbed Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania earlier in the year and was headed for a base camp below Mount Everest in the fall. The Fourth of July was a special day for the Americans, who made up a third of the Yamal's passengers, but nothing special was made of it on the Russian icebreaker. I wore my American flag T-shirt anyway, and it still was a red-letter day as I became excited when I began seeing ice floes about 4 p.m., consistently increasing in number and size as we proceeded north. The ice became more solid and thicker with some rocky ridges several feet high. However, I was surprised to see large expanses of open water. This would continue all the way to the pole, a reflection of global warming taking place with glaciers melting and polar ice calving into the sea. About 8 p.m. July 4, the first polar bear sighting was announced. Polar

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

bears are hard to spot that far north, although a sighting has been recorded as close as 11 miles from the pole. This bear and her cub were about 500 yards off the port bow and I could barely see them with binoculars. I zoomed in and rapidly took a number of sequential photos. There were two more polar bear sightings during the voyage. It seemed there was nothing about the Arctic the expedition staff didn't know. The ship's historian/geographer, a professor at the University of Cambridge in England, told us about the climactic, biological and glacial changes taking place in polar regions and stories of Arctic explorations and attempts to reach the North Pole. I always enjoy taking informative engine room tours as they remind me of my Navy days on the destroyer DD869.1 was a member of the original crew as a youngster toward the end of World War II. I served as an electrician's mate and spent much time on watches in the engine room. We all had anticipated "Expedition Day," July 8, as one of the most exciting of our lives. I had been working and planning for this day for six months. It took some time for the captain to maneuver the ship into solid ice, but after we reached a safe ice area, the ship's crew put down the gangway about 10 a.m. and prepared the way for us to walk on the ice. The first activity was to put a "90 degrees north North Pole" marker into the ice. The crew put a rope in a circle about 100 feet in diameter around the marker and we did a "circle the top of the world" routine in which we held hands and moved together around the marker, thereby indicating that we had truly walked around the Earth. During the requisite photo at the marker, I held up a Bible in one hand and an American flag in the other, signifying my praise to God and country from the North Pole. The next photo opportunity was touristy but lots of fun


nevertheless. We went to the bow of the Yamal, which has a huge jaw of vicious teeth painted on it, grabbed a long hawser and simulated pulling the ship through the ice. Passengers and crew were offered the opportunity to take a polar plunge to become part of a very elite circle of people who have taken a dip at the North Pole. A section of open water was cleared near the stern of the ship and the crew hung a short stepladder from the ice into the water. I took off my parka, hiking boots and waterproof pants and stood on the ice in bathing suit and T-shirt. I had planned on doing a cannonball, but the crew ruled this wasn't safe. A rope was tied around me and I stepped down the rungs of the ladder. I took my dive into the water, experienced a sudden shock, swam about 5 meters and quickly returned up the ladder. I had a glass of vodka to celebrate, donned a robe and hurried up the gangway to my cabin and a hot shower. But I soon returned down the gangway back to the ice. The ambient temperature at the pole in early July is roughly 30 degrees Fahrenheit. The water temperature during the plunge was minus 1.8 degrees Centigrade (less than 29 degrees Fahrenheit). I'm not sure how many took the plunge, possibly 20 or so, but most were young staffers in their 20s. I very well could have been the oldest person, at age 79, taking the polar dip. I lingered for some time on the polar ice, mesmerized by the beautiful but bleak landscape, desolate to the horizon for a thousand miles in all directions. The sky above the horizon was a continuous whiteness and overcast to match the polar ice. The sun only occasionally peeked through the clouds above me. I contemplated the reality of my experience and felt a euphoria that I never had experienced before.

I imagine some of the people wanted to do something special at the pole and I guess I was surprised someone didn't hit a golf ball up there as Alan Shepard did on the moon. The most romantic was a young couple from Guernsey, one of the Channel islands in Britain, who got engaged when the young man proposed on bended knee on the ice. The young lady accepted. Our time on the ice ended with a special barbecue. The crew lowered tables, benches, ovens and food onto the ice by crane. The barbecue buffet included ham, sausage, pork, lamb, corn, potatoes and bread. A separate drink table had a choice of coffee, vodka or hot cider. I partook of all three. A number of passengers didn't hurry back aboard the ship. I believe we were all exhilarated by the experience. Eventually, we struggled up the gangway and the crew assembled all the gear on ice and returned it to the ship by crane. Two members of the security team went out on the ice several hundred yards to make sure there were no stragglers. I cannot imagine being abandoned at the North Pole. As the Yamal pulled away from the pole, we gathered on thŠ bow of the ship for a cham- %-, pagne toast J to congratulate ourselves on reaching the end of the Earth. GT ia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


DON GIDDENS nology, does change drastically. Students must have a fundamental base that they can build on and not only adapt to but also Don P. Giddens, dean of the College of Engineering, is a pioneer in create technological changes. In biomedical engineering. He was a leader in the development of Georgia short, the future will require Tech's bioengineering program and expanded the school's partnerships multidisciplinary approaches, strong fundamentals and adaptwith Emory University, which has been critical in expanding life ability and creativity. sciences research in the state. • He is the founding chair of the Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, a joint venWhat skill sets will engineers ture of Georgia Tech and Emory University. This unique partnership need in such a rapidly between a public university with a leading engineering program and a changing world? private university with a leading medical school is the first of its kind in Teamwork is going to be very important — the ability to the nation. • Giddens, AE 63, MS AE 65, PhD 66 in aerothermodynamics, joined Tech in 1968 and was a principal in the creation of the communicate and collaborate. Depth in our engineering educajoint Emory-Georgia Tech Biomedical Technology Research Center, where tion is fundamental. There is no he served as co-director from 1987 until 1992. After serving five years substitute for that. as dean of the Whiting School of Engineering at Johns Hopkins UniBut also breadth — having a versity, he returned to Georgia Tech in 1997 to direct expansion of the liberal component to education collaboration with Emory. He holds the Eawrence I. Gellerstedt Jr. Chairand an appreciation for history, society, public policy, business, in Bioengineering, is a Georgia Research Alliance eminent scholar, a entrepreneurship. You can't be member of the National Academy of Engineering and a fellow of the an expert in all of these, but the American Society ofMechancial Engineers, the American Institute for engineer of 2020 needs to have a Medical and Biological Engineers and the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis broader education and be able to and Vascular Biology Council of the American Heart Association. take a multidisciplinary approach, where specialists in different disciplines work together as a team. That's an example of tackling something with depth and breadth — using a team. Interview by John Dunn Photography: Gary Meek Thinking globally, who will be the future engineers and what will they do? You have been involved with engineering and technology for the Engineer 2020 project. How Future engineers will come a significant part of the solution do you foresee the future? from the United States and the — also for informing public polideveloped countries in about the cy so that technology can conYou can't predict the future, same numbers as they do curtribute. but you can make educated rently, I'm afraid. But the develguesses. So, we need to prepare our oping countries more clearly see A lot of the challenges in students for an interdisciplinary the significance of technology in water, health, environment, world — for teamwork and lifeadvancing their standard of livenergy, security and other socielong learning — because the ing and their economies. Some tal issues have multidisciplinary fundamentals don't change, but of the emerging countries > » components that depend upon the content, particularly in tech-

I N T E R VIEW

"The engineer of 2020 needs to have a broader education and have a multidisciplinary approach, where specialists in different disciplines work together as a team. That's an example of tackling something with depth and breadth — using a team."

Engineering in a Rapidly Changing World

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

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>>>INTERVIEW "We're not going to compete in sheer numbers, that's clear. We have enough difficulty attracting American students to pursue bachelor's degrees in engineering. And we have a tremendous difficulty attracting American students into graduate programs, especially women and minorities. More than half of our PhDs in engineering come from abroad."

are putting much more focus on engineering education than the United States. We see huge numbers of engineers now coming from India, China, the Asian Pacific area and, to some extent, Latin America. What will engineers of the future do? Many of the things that they do today — design, build, analyze, plan, provide services and so forth. However, there will be other dimensions to engineering — creating, dealing with very complex systems, affecting public attitudes and policies, such as energy and the environment. Engineers of the future are going to be even more important to society than they are today — so it's vital that we get more young people excited about engineering. How do we compete as a society and as a profession in education? We have to be ahead of the curve. We have to invest much more in basic research so that the latest information and discoveries move into our educa-

tional programs. We must have an added value to the United States' version of engineering education. The ability to look at systems is going to be important. How do you increase productivity? How do you take advantage of technology? Our education of the engineer of 2020 has to address these issues. We can compete in quality, if not in quantity. Will the competition be brutal? I'm using the word compete because it is a natural tendency in the U.S. to think of competition, but globally there is going to be a lot more collaboration in the future. To characterize everything as a competition is not the best way to look at it. We want to educate engineers who are collaborative, but who are at the very top — who are leaders of international teams that may have Indian, Chinese, Middle Eastern, European, African engineers on the team. To some, globalization implies increased competition — to me, it implies increased collaboration, including in education. Globalization is one area where Georgia Tech can make a mark. A recent survey shows interest among high school students in pursuing an engineering career has dropped 18 percent since 1991.Why? I am chairing a National Academy of Engineering project right now relating to messages about engineering that would appeal to the general public. There is an image on the part of young people, and even adults, that engineering is an inwardlooking profession, in

the sense that you have to work hard, you have your nose to the grindstone and that you work in isolation. This is the stereotyped "Dilbert" image. But engineering isn't really like that. We're finding what appeals to young people is an outwardlooking approach to life. We should reposition engineering from emphasizing the "process" of engineering to showing its relevance: its impact on health, on well-being, on society. That is a subtle, but actually very different, way of looking at engineering. Our challenge is to communicate this excitement to young people — engineering: because dreams need doing. Tech is a hot engineering school. How did that happen? It's not by accident. It has taken time. There has been a sustained commitment for two or three decades in moving Georgia Tech as an institution, largely based on engineering, into the top tier of research and technological education. This started to a significant degree when Joseph Pettit was president (1972-86) and Bill Sangster was dean of engineering. But it has continued and been sustained in terms of leadership. Certainly that is the case under Wayne Clough, who is very visible in engineering education and who has become an icon for Georgia Tech. It also relates to well-supported budgets from the state. The state of Georgia has been very progressive in the way it has valued Georgia Tech. We've been provided a good infrastructure and good resources, and Tech has made good on state investments. I certainly hope > »


"Our challenge is to communicate this excitement [about our profession] to young people â&#x20AC;&#x201D; engineering: because dreams need doing." "We have to show the relevance of engineering to life, Everybody knows engineers build things, that's taken for granted. But what people don't necessarily appreciate is what engineers contribute to the quality of life." "Unless we can draw more women and minorities into engineering, I fear that we will not be able to serve society to the fullest."

agazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

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> > > I N T E R VI EW

"One thing that technology can do is to help disperse wealth — through the transfer of goods and services and the transfer of information. Technology can have a significant role in a distribution of wealth, which helps to prevent a polarization in wealth. That will be a major challenge, for public policy as well as for engineering."

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that Georgia will invest even more in Tech in the future, because the payback is tremendous. But one of the main things that has led to Tech being "hot," however, is that we have invested in really good people. We've held the quality of faculty high. We've attracted excellent students — students who go out and do good things, become leaders. And then it begins to snowball. It's been a sustained, strategic vision, coupled with great execution. What must Georgia Tech do to stay hot? We have to show the relevance of engineering to life. Everybody knows engineers build things, that's taken for granted. But what people don't necessarily appreciate is what engineers contribute to the quality of life. We have to be more proactive in articulating what we do as a profession — how that impacts the quality of life. I would venture to say that more lives have been saved by the development of sanitation and clean water, which is largely an engineering endeavor, than by all of medicine combined. We have to tell our story better and we have to tell it with passion. Georgia Tech has moved strongly from a solid engineering school to becoming a technological university — and our recent emphasis on the intersection of engineering with biology, especially in the health-related areas, has positioned us to be at the top in several key areas, such as nanomedicine. Pushing new frontiers — that's how Georgia Tech will stay hot.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

What are some of the challenges facing engineering? The big topics on people's minds are energy, environment, health, security — national and personal security — as specific examples: how to provide safe water in developing countries, the impact of engineering in preserving the quality of life in mega cities, providing effective health care. The disparity in wealth, both nationally and globally, is a major problem. One thing that technology can do is to help disperse wealth — through the transfer of goods and services and the transfer of information. Technology can have a significant role in a distribution of wealth, which helps to prevent a polarization in wealth. That will be a major challenge, for public policy as well as for engineering. What about bioengineering and biomedicine? Health care in the United States is a huge national issue. If you look at it globally, the specific questions may be different but the issue of global health is tremendously important. Bioengineering is going to have a significant role in developing the leading edge of new technologies, new therapies and new diagnostics for advanced health care systems. Personalized and predictive medicine based on a new understanding of systems biology will be a key theme and an important area where bioengineers will contribute. In less advanced and developing countries, technology can have a big impact on making current levels of medical care accessible to a much wider popu-

lation. It is very important that basic biomedical research be funded as well so that these discoveries get translated into the leading-edge biomedical applications of the future. Engineers will be challenged to ensure that these are distributed as rapidly and inexpensively as possible. What about the bio/nano/info frontier that engineers face? It's true that many of the advances in science and in engineering are at the very small scale, the so-called nanoscale. When you get to the nanoscale, from the scientific point of view, there are some things that behave fundamentally differently than they do at larger scales. It is important for engineers to recognize that the small scale is not necessarily an extrapolation in size from the larger scale. That's a different way of looking at the world than we are accustomed to. However, the knowledge we get at the nanoscale, to be useful, needs to work itself back up into things we touch with our hands — it may be materials that we wear or it may be things that are injected into our bodies for diagnosis or therapy. Ultimately, discoveries at the nanoscale will need to be embedded in a system of some sort. Something engineers do well is to take a systems approach to problems. This combination of engineering and science will give us knowledge and products that we can scarcely imagine today. What is your definition of a 21st century engineer? The way we like to look at it at Georgia Tech, a 21st century engineer is someone who is wellj grounded in fundamentals in


math and science — and 1 would certainly include biology as well as physics and chemistry. I don't think there is a substitute for rigor and fundamentals as we educate engineers. But a 21st century engineer will use "both sides" of the brain — liberally educated and prepared for lifelong learning. Another characteristic of engineers of the 21st century may be seen when dealing with complicated problems that require seeking solutions in a number of different ways. An engineer needs to be individually excellent but also a very strong team member — able to communicate, able to get ideas across, able to appreciate the perspectives of other people who may have no technical background at all. This will require that engineers in this century come from diverse populations and backgrounds. Will engineers become more involved? Not only do we want to educate engineers at Georgia Tech to solve problems, but we really want to educate engineers who are able to help society pose problems and issues that are important. It's one thing to give engineers a problem to solve and say, "Here, solve this." It is

another thing to turn to an engineer and ask, "What are the important issues that need to be tackled and how can we go about doing that?" This gets into the concept of leadership. We want to educate engineers who will evolve into leaders that will have a big impact on society. While we need to educate engineers to do "engineering," we also need to think about providing an engineering education that may be the basis for a different career — but having a technology perspective that looks at the world in a quantitative way, in a questioning way. We should prepare students not only to be excellent engineers but also to be able to move into other areas and be excellent in other careers. It could carry over into such professions as medicine, law and business — maybe even politics.

How important is an engineering education? Almost everybody agrees that education, and engineering education specifically, is important. But is it all that urgent in the public's mind? We tend to think we can take care of it next year or the next because there are other things that are more urgent — crime, health care, security and on and on. We've delayed our sense of urgency to a state where the U.S. is clearly behind most developed countries in primary and secondary education and in attracting students into engineering at the university level. We really can't afford to fall further behind or to concede leadership at the graduate levels. There has been a reluctance nationally to appreciate the investments in education in general. But we have to remember that there is an added value in educating engineers in particular because they are so connected with economic well-being and therefore so connected with the quality of life. So, I think it is up to engineers to communicate with a sense of urgency the importance of an engineering education and the return on investment engineers give to society, GT

"We've delayed our sense of urgency [in the value of an engineering education] to a state where the U.S. is clearly behind most developed countries in primary and secondary education and in attracting students into engineering at the university level. We can't afford to fall further behind or to concede leadership at the graduate levels."

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

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>>>PACESETTERS

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


Coloring the World Alumnus' shop reflects fascination with kaleidoscopes By Virginia Anderson

People often see the world through a different lens after retirement, but Jan Boal, ME 54, MS Math 54, sees life through so many lenses he can barely count them. Boal recently opened Georgia's only kaleidoscope shop, which features about 700 of the enchanting devices. It is one of only about two dozen such shops in the world. Many of the instruments in The Kaleidoscope Shop, on Henderson Mill Road in Tucker, are true collectors' items, with stunning wood carvings and glass lenses that inspire oohs and awe. Some are as large as 4 feet long, while others are only an inch. Some are even necklaces. Just ask Boal or his wife, Bobby, (At conventions, people often tell the couple that they have mixed up their name tags.) about the kaleidoscopes and you will be treated to a fascinating tour of the magical world that transforms paper clips, color chips and bits of jewelry and glass into treats for the eye that will bring a smile to the lips — and a little bit of the child to the heart. "We just fell in love with them," Boal says. That was back in 1982, many years after he had received his doctorate in mathematics from MIT and Bobby had received her bachelor's degree in art from the agricultural school 65 miles east of Georgia Tech. Soon after he finished his doctorate in 1959, the Boals moved back south, to Columbia, S.C. Boal taught math at the University of South Carolina. Later the couple moved their family — a boy and two girls — to Atlanta,

where Boal taught math at Georgia State. Then a funny thing happened. Boal heard the call of the kitchen not long after he and Bobby bought the Veranda Inn in Sequoia, Ga. Or maybe it was the call of Bobby's voice, begging him home for supper — not just to eat, but to help cook and serve it. "I would teach my classes, run to the DeKalb Farmer's Market, pick up fresh vegetables, come home and help cook them and put on an apron and serve them," Boal says. The inn, which the Boals bought in 1986, was at least an overnight home to such stars as Jessica Tandy and Chris O'Donnell and to thousands of guests over the years. One of the Veranda Inn's hallmarks was its food and service, which included a five-course breakfast and dinner each day. Along the way, the couple had become sales reps for a game they found intriguing — the L Game, At a game sales show, they were introduced to fascinating kaleidoscopes. They were so immediately hooked that the guests at the Veranda Inn were given a small kaleidoscope and chocolates as turn-down treats. The Boals also began to sell kaleidoscopes in the inn's gift shop. The couple sold the inn in 2005, but they could not part with the shop. So they simply decided to move and expand it. In the fall of 2006, the Boals found their per-

fect spot in a shopping center across from Northlake Mall in Tucker. It just so happens that their three children and 10 grandchildren live nearby. Already the couple have assembled an array of kaleidoscopes that could keep an inquisitive mind busy for a day. One large kaleidoscope is meant for a garden, with its lens set to focus on plants that sit within a large metal container. Some are fashioned to look like a baseball and bat and others are made for nurses, teachers and doctors. Prices range from a few bucks to a few thousand. To the Boals, however, the shop is not so much about sales as it is sharing the joy of a beauty they see through the lens of a kaleidoscope. On a recent late winter afternoon, visitors to the shop received a fun lesson — after all, Boal did teach for several decades — about the beauty of the view from a kaleidoscope. And, if you are lucky, Boal will show you other toys in the store and tricks of their trade. "We just have so much fun with them," he says. "And we want to share it with others." G T

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

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Photo: Gary Meek

Tech, MIT students use cyberspace to sell ad space on satellite By Neil B. McGahee eorgia Tech and MIT aerospace engineering students are raising money to launch a satellite into space and they're not relying on bake sales or car washes to pay the bill. Taking a cue from Madison Avenue, students from Tech's Space Systems Design Lab and MIT's Mars Gravity Biosatellite Program created YourNameIntoSpace.org to try to raise at least $500,000 of the estimated $30 million price tag by selling advertising — nearly 122,000 square centimeters — on the exterior of the spacecraft, which is about the size of a compact car.

Robert Braun, top right, is the faculty adviser for the Space Systems Design Lab team, left to right, Brandon Smith, Ashley Korzun, Christine Hartzell and Charity Lewis.

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


Photo: Donna Coveney/MIT

"For a tax-deductible donation of $35 to $250 per square centimeter, we will display advertisements or messages on the spacecraft," says Robert Braun, an associate professor in the School of Aerospace Engineering and the project's faculty adviser. "The larger the donation, the bigger the space. We've determined that a minimum 4 square centimeter space is necessary for the message to be seen by the onboard cameras." Top photo: Elizabeth Deems, So far, 56 ads have been sold ranging in AE 05, and Brandon Luders, AE 06, are graduate students size from Microsoft's 196 square centimeters to the 4 centimeters of Stacie and Adam, a at MIT, where they work on couple who pledge to "wrap the planet with the systems engineering team. our endless love." The cheapest spaces are located on the underside of the solar panels and can only be photographed before the satellite is launched in 2010, Braun says. The more expensive bronze and silver zones require a $100 to $200 donation and donors receive a photograph of their ads with the Earth in the background. For $225 or more, donors will receive pieces of the spacecraft bearing their ads or mes-

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

sages when it returns to Earth five weeks later. The schools are continuing a study of the effects of long-term exposure to low gravity on mice begun by NASA before budget cuts derailed the project, Braun says. "This information is vital to the success of a trip by humans to Mars. We decided we could fill that research niche by sending 15 mice into orbit and studying them living in a prolonged period of weightlessness," he says. "Sending humans to Mars is a very exciting prospect but it can take three years to get there, explore and return and we don't have any long-term data on the effect of weightlessness. "From the Apollo missions, we know how humans perform in the moon's lowgravity environment and to some extent we know how they perform in zero-g because we've had crews on the International Space Station for up to a year, but that doesn't mean we know how they will adapt on Mars." Braun says the project, which began in


2004, receives sporadic funding from NASA as well as some private donors, but a big increase in funding will soon be needed. "We are in the conceptual design phase now with the preliminary design review due this summer. We haven't begun building the vehicle because we don't have enough money," Braun says. "We were looking for ways to raise money and one of the MIT students said, 'Hey, why not raise some of these funds ourselves?' That's where the name in space idea came from." Tech alumni Elizabeth Deems, AE 05, and Brandon Luders, AE 06, graduate students at MIT, work on the systems engineering team. "We're responsible for the basic functions of the spacecraft," says Deems, the team coleader. "We provide electrical power, guidance and navigation control, altitude control, communications to the ground and data handling." Tech's team — juniors Brandon Smith and Christine Hartzell, senior Charity Lewis and graduate student Ashley Korzun — is charged with returning the spacecraft and passengers safely to Earth. Korzun, a first-year master's student, is the project engineer coordinating specific tasks between the two schools. "It sounds like a fairly simple job — launch some mice, spin them around in space for a few weeks and bring them back alive — but it's a multiuniversity project that requires us to be in touch constantly," she says. "MIT is working to ensure the mice get into orbit and we are working to ensure the mice live through the re-entry and landing. Elizabeth and I spend a lot of time on the phone." Hartzell is designing the thermal protection system for re-entry. "When we initiate the reentry sequence, the spacecraft will build up a tremendous amount of heat — more than 3,000 degrees — due to friction with Earth's atmosphere," she says. "Em designing a heat

shield similar to the ones used on the old Apollo capsules." After the mice make their fiery return, they must still survive impact. Smith is trying to determine the best way to protect the mice from the shock of falling almost 125 miles to Earth at nearly 25,000 miles per hour and slowing to 15 mph just before landing. "We prefer to land on the ground instead of water," Smith says. "So we must consider using a ground impact system or a midair snatch from a helicopter. We are leaning toward using the snatch so the pay load never hits land." If a ground landing is required, Lewis is formulating the footprint — an area that recovery crews can reach within two hours of landing. "Right now we have a 600-square-kilometer footprint and we must get it down to 40 or 50 square kilometers," she says. "The job is really difficult because there are so many variables you have to consider. "1 co-op at Boeing and we do a lot of work on the International Space Station, but this is the first project where we actually build and fly something. In the past everything has been theoretical. This is a whole new area of space education." GT

Tech and MIT are continuing a study of the effects of longterm exposure to low gravity on mice begun by NASA before budget cuts derailed the project. "This information is vital to the success of a trip by humans to Mars. We decided we could fill that research niche by sending 15 mice into orbit and studying them living in a prolonged period of weightlessness."


>>>PACESETTERS

King's Full Reign Engineering psychologist immersed in job to bring innovation to entire realm of Newell Rubbermaid products By Kimberly Link-Wills Lisa King was engineering good hair days at Goody Products Inc. when she decided to plunge into unfamiliar waters — again. There was no such job title as senior director of innovation, research and development when King, Psy 83, MS Psy 88, PhD Psy 94, transferred within the Newell Rubbermaid Corp. from consumer research in the cleaning products division to Goody in late 2003. Her job at Goody encompassed "advanced concepts, consumer insights, acting as a liaison for intellectual property and legal issues, engineering development, quality assurance, packaging and support to the platform teams" — all related to hair accessories and styling implements. "Three or four years ago we were known as 'good old reliable Goody' Your grandma used Goody. It was a good, basic product," King says. "In all consumer products you want to bring innovation because that's your edge in the marketplace." In mid-January King was promoted to bring innovation to a huge line of products. She was named senior director of innovation for Newell Rubbermaid Corp., an Atlanta-based company with more than 26,500 employees worldwide and products that, in addition to the Rubbermaid and Goody lines, include such familiar names as Sharpie, Paper Mate, Rolodex, Graco, Levolor and Calphalon. King's new role is even broader than the last. She "will be primarily accountable for advancing our company-wide innovation

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processes and strategies, working in close collaboration with all Newell Rubbermaid businesses. Her focus will be to establish communities of practice around innovation, refine and advance our innovation processes, lead in the development and delivery of innovation training and plan and guide the rollout of company-wide innovation processes." Newell Manufacturing was founded in 1902 as a maker of curtain rods. While William P. Sovey, IE 55, was chairman of the board, Newell acquired Goody in 1993 and Rubbermaid in 1999. King says what happens behind the scenes at Goody is an example of efforts to "bring innovation" to products throughout Newell Rubbermaid. Goody is headquartered in a nondescript Atlanta high-rise that gives no indication that high-tech experiments are taking place on the same floor as headband photo shoots, focus group studies in two-way mirrored rooms and the fastening and unfastening of ponytail holders on human hair styled on a mannequin's head. "You know what's fun when you like product development?" King asks. "Seeing what you've developed for sale to consumers, that's very rewarding. When I worked on the space station program, it was wonderful and a great time in my career but I'm never going to see it." Last fall King and her family, including husband Bernie Nickels, PhD Psy 90, traveled to Huntsvilie, Ala., where she worked for NASA in the late 1980s and early'90s, for a reunion of the neutral buoy-

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

ancy simulator crew that choreographed the assembly of the space station as it orbited Earth.

global sourcing manager; and Michael Defenbaugh, ChE 03, of the advanced concepts group.

"I worked on crew systems evaluations — restraints and mobility aids that helped the astronauts move around, the audiovisual communication devices and also the computer and data management systems that they used," King says, estimating that she spent more than 1,000 hours in scuba gear underwater in the space simulator.

"We were looking for opportunities to enhance our research capabilities," King says, explaining that one of their innovative tools, a scanning electron microscope, will offer proof of the benefits of Goody's new Styling Therapy line, which includes brushes that use jojoba oil to treat split ends, questamide to protect colortreated hair and copper to fight dandruff.

"The space station had to be assembled in pieces that could all be flown up there in the orbiter payload bay or via heavy-lift rockets. You get it up there and it's kind of like Tinkertoys that you have to put together. If you forget a screwdriver, you can't just run back to the garage. There's a very precise sequence of operations. There was a very analytical review of what exactly had to be done in exactly what order." King takes a similar approach to her work at Newell Rubbermaid. "Consumer products is a tough business," she says. "With the technical skills here and the focus on the consumer, you can innovate anything." Scattered among the two floors Goody comprises are Georgia Tech graduates with an array of degrees, including Joni Harrison, ID 04, who is "behind a lot of the look, the feel of our new styling tools"; Brooke McKillop, Mgt 03, who works in product development and the marketing of hair fashion items for supermarket chains; Daryl Reece, MS AE 92, Goody's engineering development manager; Ryan Murphy, IE 98, the

King says the spectrometer also has many practical uses. "We may want to get the same performance out of a lower cost material. We may want to determine that we're getting what we paid for when we are purchasing materials. We may want to rule out hazardous substances. "Sometimes you may just want to learn what material another product is comprised of. You may want to understand what's in a product out there in the marketplace." There's a reason why Georgia Tech graduates are hired at Newell Rubbermaid, she says. "Intellectual curiosity and the ability to bring a problem-solving mind-set to almost any environment are real keys for me and you see that in a lot of Tech students. Also Tech employees here can cover a wide variety of tasks, they can adapt to different needs," King says, "One thing I really look for in our team is intellectual curiosity. They're curious about the world. That's what makes them good developers and designers." G T


> > > R E S E A R C H NI

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Diatom Conversion Microscopic sea creatures provide the foundation for gas sensors and other devices From diatom conversion to adding safety to traffic, the complexity and diversity of research being conducted at Georgia Tech continues to make news in the scientific community. Here are a few examples — condensed from the latest reports of Institute scientists and researchers — of the ways Tech science is improving our lives. Photography: Gary Meek

The three-dimensional shells of tiny ocean creatures called diatoms could provide the foundation for novel electronic devices, including gas sensors able to detect pollution faster and more efficiently than conventional devices. The highly porous converted shells, which retain the 3-D shape and nanoscale detail of the originals, could also improve electrodes in lithiumion batteries, immobilize enzymes for purifying drugs and other chemicals — and enhance other applications requiring complex shapes that nature can produce better than humans. Scientists estimate that roughly 100,000 species of diatoms exist in nature, and each forms a microshell with a unique and often complex 3-D shape that includes cylinders, wheels, fans, doughnuts, circles and stars. The Georgia Tech research team — led by Kenneth Sandhage, a professor in the School of Materials Science and Engineering — have worked for several years to take advantage of those complex shapes by converting the original silica into materials that are more useful. Ultimately, they hope to conduct such conversion reactions on genetically modified diatoms that generate microshells with tailored shapes. However, to precisely alter and control the structures produced, further research is needed to learn how to manipulate the genome of the diatom. Since scientists already know how to culture

diatoms in large volumes, harnessing the diatom genetic code could allow mass production of complex and tailored microscopic structures. "Diatoms are fabulous for making very precise shapes and making the same shape over and over again," Sandhage notes. "The potential here is for making enormous numbers of complicated 3-D shapes and tailoring the shapes genetically, followed by chemical modification as we have conducted to convert the shells into functional materials such as silicon." Though Sandhage and his collaborators have demonstrated the potential of their technique, significant challenges must be overcome before they can produce useful sensors, battery electrodes and other structures. The sensors will have to be packaged into useful devices, for example, connected into arrays of devices able to detect different gases and scaled up for volume manufacture.

Detecting Disease Dual-modality microbeads promise to improve identification of disease biomarkers in body fluids Analyzing human blood for a very low virus concentration or a sample of water for a bioterrorism agent has always been a time-consuming and difficult process. Researchers at Georgia Tech and Emory University have now developed an easier and faster method. The researchers discovered how to add optical and magnetic nanoparticles into highly porous, micron-sized, silica beads. "Essentially more than 99 percent of the nanoparticles go into the pores of the beads," explains Shuming Nie, head researcher on the project and director of the Emory-Georgia Tech Nanotechnology Center. The beads are then mixed in a liquid such as urine. Viruses, proteins or other biomarkers are captured on the bead surface. After the beads are removed from the liquid, optical imaging is used to determine the concentration of a specific protein or virus in the sample, based on the number of proteins or viruses attached to the surface of the beads. The primary biomedical applications for > » Professor Kenneth Sandhage and graduate student Samuel Shian study a converted diatom microshell sensor. At right researcher Gut Ahmad, a postdoctoral fellow working in a clean room, holds a container being used to culture diatoms.

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


>>>RESEARCHNIWS

Tushar Sathe holds a vial of dual-function heads embedded with iron oxide and 600 nanometer emission quantum dots while Shaming Nie looks on. The other vials contain beads embedded with quantum dots that emit light at other wavelengths.

this new technology will be to detect cancer and neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's, by identifying certain molecules present in human blood or urine that indicate specific diseases, says Nie, a professor at Emory University and Tech. "Our technique could also be used to monitor therapeutic response," explains Nie. "For example, if the viral level decreases in samples taken at later dates, we know the drug is probably working." This new technology allows the researchers to analyze very low concentrations of target molecules. "You can let the beads capture the molecules on their surface, remove them from the liquid and then just measure the number of molecules attached to the beads," says Nie.

Pavement Marking Automated system installs pavement markers, improving safety for road crews and drivers On rainy nights in Georgia and across the nation, drivers greatly benefit from small, reflective markers that make roadway lanes more visible. More than 3 million of these safety devices, called raised pavement markers, have been installed on Georgia highways. But they need to be replaced about every two years by road crews, who

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

consider the task one of the riskiest they face. Workers typically ride on a seat cantilevered off the side of a trailer just inches from highway traffic. Manual placement is also expensive and timeconsuming. A typical pavement marker placement operation includes four vehicles and a six-person crew. All the vehicles must stop at each marker location, so there is tremendous wear on the equipment and increased fuel use. Enter Georgia Tech researchers, who have now developed a first-of-its-kind system capable of automatically placing the markers along the lane stripes while in motion. After almost three years of research and development, the Georgia Tech Research Institute expects to deliver a prototype system this year. "The advantages of our automated system are it's less labor-intensive, it's faster and safer, uses less fuel, and it causes less wear and tear on equipment," explains project manager Wiley Holcombe, a GTRI senior research engineer. The system only requires two people, an operator on the back of the truck and the driver. The Georgia Department of Transportation, which funded the research, plans first to use the machine in placing markers on the skip lines for interstate and multilane highways, which are the most dangerous routes for workers, GT


The Georgia Tech Alumni Association presents an evening edition of...

Women on Wednesdays Feminomics: The True Curve Theory presented by Astrid Pregel Astrid Pregel, President of Feminomics inc.. a consulting company focused on empowering women through increased participation in the economy, is currently authoring a book by the same name. A member of the Tech community, she is also an associate with the new institute for Leadership and Enirepreneurship at the School of Management. Astrid came to Atlanta as Canada's first woman Consul General in the South Eastern USA. She was also the first woman appointed to the Canadian Embassy in Wasltington. DC to lead the development of Canada's trading relationsliip with the United States, the largest in the world valued at $2 billion per day. Please join us as we explore economic empowerment and the vital role women play in the economy.

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Do not miss this chance to own your own piece of Georgia Tech history. This brand-new edition of our 1930 Model A Ramblin' Wreck has been completely recast with a new sleek convertible design. Also a shiny new spare tire graces the right side. . . This is a great gift for every Tech fan—and perfect for any occasion.

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G e o r g i a T e c h Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007


i3 Another benefit from the Georgia Tech Alumni Association Preferential YELLOW JACKET treatment * * * * * * *

Minimum of a 55% discount on all interstate relocations. Free Full-Value Coverage up to $50,000. 15% discount on all Georgia and Florida intrastate moves. Guaranteed on time pick-up and delivery. Personalized attention from start to finish. Top rated drivers will be assigned to all Yellow Jacket shipments. Sanitized air-ride vans.

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

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A Depression-era survey of 500 Georgia Tech students made by a marketing analysis class and published in the March 1932 alumni magazine estimated the school's nearly 2,200 students boosted Atlanta's economy by $1.75 million annually. Illustrated by the spiffily dressed 1930 football team (above), the survey said the economic impact of each student was $795 per academic year. According to the survey, the highest figure was the $88,208 students spent on suits. Students also spent $11,125 on ties, $57,155 on top coats, $43,975 on tobacco, $35,522 on theater tickets and $4,305 on corsages â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the smallest figure.

Across campus, March 26, 1957, was hailed as a "Red Letter Day." Georgia Tech Foundation president Ivan Allen Jr. announced that the Foundation had voted that $90,000 in alumni Roll Call contributions be awarded to supplement faculty salaries for the 1957-58 academic year. Allen, Com 33, said another $60,000 in Alumni Roll Call funds would be made available for contingencies during the year. The salary supplementation, in addition to increased support awarded by the governor and Legislature, was the largest in the state's history. Based on today's cost-of-living calculations, the $150,000 grant in 1957 is comparable to $1,080,427 in 2007.

The Georgia Tech Hong Kong Club received its charter from the Alumni Association in 1982 and the courier was none other than Institute President J.M. Pettit, who was heading a delegation that was visiting China. Pettit made a special detour to present the charter to club president Phil Weiss, ID 62, and other founding members, including John C. "Jack" Portman III, Arch 71, who set up the first Portman Asian Office in Hong Kong in 1980.

Photo: Courtesy Georgia Tech Archives

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

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Limited Edition Deluxe

BABY BUZZ CLUB The Georgia Tech Alumni Association is pleased to introduce the Deluxe Baby Buzz Club. This limited edition gift has all of the original Baby Buzz favorites, plus a wonderful CD featuring original lullabies a n d a piece entitled "Georgia Tech Medley."

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MEET. GREET. RETREAT Plan your next meeting or event...or just stay the weekend with us. • 252 deluxe guest rooms • 21,000 sq. ft. of executive meeting space • Wireless and hardwire technology throughout • A variety of chef specialties in our dining or club room • State-of-the-art fitness center and indoor pool • Located in the Midtown district offering a variety of shopping, cultural attractions, sporting venues and much more • Convenient walking distance to the MARTA transit system and easy access to Interstate 75/85 and Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport.

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G e o r g i a T e c h Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

PS


R O L L C A L L LEADERSHIP CIRCLE D O N O R S P L E A S E MARK YOUR C A L E N D A R S FRIDAY, MAY

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St Simons Island and the Golden Isles A Great Place to Work, Play or Retire! Call Me for Real Estate Opportunities in Georgia's Golden Isles! Your Yellow Jacket REALTOR® Herb Miles, BSIM 6 7 Cantrell Properties, Inc. (877)638-1010 Buzz@HerbMiles.com

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35th Annual Dean Griffin Pi Mile 5K Road Race Post Race Party Participants will enjoy entertainment, food, drinks and more!

Raffle drawings 2 AirTran Airways roundtrip domestic tickets

T-Shirts All registrants receive a free race t-shirt

Awards Awards will be presented to winners in the following categories:

Male & Female: First place overall Top Tech Student Top Faculty/Staff Top Alumnus/Alumna

Top 3 Male & Female finishers:

Saturday, April 14, 2007 7:00 a.m. Registration 8:00 a.m. Race

14 and under

15-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+

WALK-UP REGISTRATION AVAILABLE!!! $5 of each entry fee will go towards supporting Georgia Tech through Roll Call, Tech's unrestricted annual fund. Roll Call provides funding for areas such as student scholarships, faculty recruitment and retention, and cutting-edge facilities, virtually every academic program at Georgia Tech benefits from Roll Call funds.

www.gtalumni.org/pimile Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine • Spring 2007

67


> > > I N M E M O RIA M

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Dean Galloway Remembered

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tudents, faculty and staff gathered at the Ferst Center on March 16 to pay tribute to Thomas Galloway. The dean of the College of Architecture died March 11 of a heart attack. "Tom Galloway was my dear friend and respected colleague. His profound dedication to his students and his unique contributions to the Institute are a remarkable legacy in the true tradition of Georgia Tech's outstanding leaders," said President Wayne Clough. Galloway sat down for an interview with the (a<>K(,IA TECH ALUMNI MAGAZINE four days before his death. "The elements of a great architect, a great city planner, a great landscape architect, a great industrial designer, a great interior designer are to think beyond the present, think beyond the conventional wisdom and ask the question: Why not? That's what draws many young people into the architecture profession because they can have a significant impact," Galloway said in the interview. Galloway came to Georgia Tech in 1992 from the College of Design at Iowa State University, where he served as dean and professor from 1985 to 1992. He also held faculty and administrative appointments at the University of Rhode Island and the University of Kansas. During his tenure as dean, he established study abroad partnerships in France and China and chaired a team that reviewed a new engineering and design college at the University of Abu Dhabi. Galloway is credited with strengthening the College of Architecture's academic programs and integrating research programs with instruction; he was instrumental in fully engaging the college with the expanded academic, research and service missions of the Institute, GT

"The elements of a great architect, a great city planner, a great landscape architect, a great industrial designer, a great interior designer are to think beyond the present, think beyond the conventional wisdom and ask the question: Why not?" â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Thomas Galloway

Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

69


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Aug. 31-Sept. 2

Sept. 14-15

Oct. 18-20

"Wreck the Irislf'

Family Weekend

Homecoming

Kick off the 2007 football season by cheering on the Yellow Jackets as they "WRECK THE IRISH" Sept. 1 at 3:30 p.m. in the infamous Notre Dame Stadium. Tour highlights include stay in Chicago, train trip to South Bend and the Tech tailgate party. Join fellow fans for a special weekend in the history of Georgia Tech Athletics!

Whether you have a student enrolled at Tech or a son or daughter considering Tech, join us for an exciting weekend of events and experience the everyday life of your student - stimulating, challenging, entertaining and fun! Enjoy informative seminars, tours of campus, tailgate on the famous Tech Tower Lawn and the football game against Boston College just to name a few.

Homecoming is the time to celebrate the white, the gold, the new and the old at Georgia Tech. From the ever popular Buzz Bash and the traditional tailgate on Tech Tower Lawn before the big game against Army, to this year's '57, '67 and '82 class reunions, we have a weekend packed full of activities with something for everyone. Don't miss this opportunity to revisit the faces and places that made your Tech years memorable

Register today at www.gtalumni. org/wrecktheirish

For more information, please visit www.gtalumni.org/familyweekend

For more information, pie VJJt www.gtalumni. org/home

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007

71


> > > P H O TOFINISHi

Tech's ACC Tourney Ace Kristi Miller seals the Georgia Tech women tennis team's 6-1 victory over Denver. -^ Both Miller and the team are ranked in the top 10 as they work their way toward the Atlantic Coast Conference tournament April 18-22 at North Carolina State. The team briefly claimed the No. 1 ranking in February, when it knocked off three-time national champion Stanford, its first loss in 90 matches at the ITA National Team Indoor Championships. "I think it kind of sent a shock wave not only through the nation but also through our own team. When you knock off the number one team in the nation — and a dominant team — on one of the largest stages at a national championship, that certainly validates you're doing things the right way," coach Bryan Shelton told the Atlanta JournalConstitution. Miller has been doing plenty of things right. The junior from Marysville, Mich., earned the Honda Award as the top women's tennis player in the nation in 2006. She became the first Ail-American in Georgia Tech women's tennis history in 2005. Miller also earned the most valuable player honor at last year's ACC tourney. Miller became the Jackets' all-time leader in career singles wins in March, GT

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Supporting Music At Georgia Tec

Frank Clark, Ph.D. Director & Professor Music Department

During this school year, Georgia Tech Music students and faculty have benefited from the use of quality new Yamaha Pianos, Yamaha Diskiaviers, and Yamaha Clavinovas. These superb instruments have been loaned to us at no cost by Yamaha Corporation of America. This generous program has allowed us to use outstanding pianos on a daily basis; pianos that are well beyond our budget capacity. At the end of this school year, these instruments will be made available for purchase at very reduced prices for Georgia Tech Alumni, Faculty, and Staff. These pianos are less than one year old, have been meticulously maintained, and come with a new warranty. Please support the Georgia Tech Music Department with your purchase. Having quality pianos is essential to providing the best education for our Georgia Tech students.

Preview Appointments for GT Faculty, Staff, & Alumni. Call 678-985-2612 Now to schedule your Appointment Event will be held at the Couch Music Building Friday & Saturday May 4 & May 5

Financing, delivery, and warranty services will be provided by England Piano, the local authorized Yamaha piano dealer. Any remaining pianos will be sold to the general public on Sunday, May 6.

Georgia Tech A l u m n i A s s <i c- i ii t i o n

Georgia Tech Music Dept.

ŠYAMAHA Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine â&#x20AC;˘ Spring 2007


Sit back. Relax Let us take care of your meeting details.

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Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine Vol. 83, No. 04 2007  
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