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Adjacent to the Georgia Tech Hotel and Conference Center, Technology Square shopping and restaurants, and the Georgia Tech Barnes & Noble Bookstore.
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Located in the heart of Midtown Atlanta's business district, near the North Avenue and Midtown MARTA stations, and interstates 75/85.
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eorgia Tech Alumni
M a g a z i n e spring^ 'Burden of Responsibility' Michael Arad, M Arch 99, has been on a whirlwind journey since his "Reflecting Absence" was chosen over 5,200 other entries as the winner of the World Trade Center memorial design competition. Arad made a brief visit to Atlanta and stopped by the College of Architecture to talk to students.
Zoo Anew Zoo Atlanta once was ranked as one of the worst in the country. Now it's one of the best â€” thanks in part to two photogenic pandas, groundbreaking research, a Georgia Tech psychology professor and an alumnus hired to lead the pack.
Atom by Atom The director of Georgia Tech's Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology says the engineering of materials and substances at their molecular level will trigger the "new industrial revolution."
Cover: Zoo Atlanta president and CEO Dennis Kelly holds Blue, an indigo snake, Photo by Gary Meek This page: Larry Huang relieves stress by racing his Georgia Tech car, No. 39 Crawford Manufactured Daytona Prototype. Read how some Tech alumni deal with stress in a feature beginning on page 42.
Stress Busters One alumnus relaxes by blasting off in a fighter plane. Another forgets her troubles by creating stained glass art. Georgia Tech alumni combat job stress with a myriad of activities, from Whitewater canoeing to racing, gardening to yoga and barnstorming to needlepointing.
lumni M a g a z i n e
Joseph P. Irwin, IM 80, Publisher
John C. Dunn, Editor Neil B. McGahee Associate Edit Maria M. Lameiras, Assistant Editoi Kimberly Link-Wills, Assistant Editor Andrew Niesen and Rachel LaCour Niesen, Design
Editorial Advisory Board C. Meade Sutterfield, EE 72 Vice President/Communications Georgia Tech Alumni Association Board of Trustees Executive Committee Private equity investor
Robert T. "Bob" Harty Executive Director Institute Communications & Public Affairs
11 Tech Notes Wonderful Friend Ivan Allen Prize Goes to Sam Nunn Anonymous Donor Creates $15 million Challenge Innovations Attract Alumni It's Alive! Tech On Board Strip Club Born Again Bobby Jones: Golfer and Gentleman 'Play Your Own Game'
Faculty Profile Hans Klein: Who Makes the Rules?
J. Gary Sowell, IE 73 Alumni Association Board of Trustees Retired director BellSouth Technology Group
Photo Finish Into the Wild Blue
John D. Toon Manager Georgia Tech Research News and Publications Office
Advertising Julie Schnelle (404) 894-0766 E-mail: Julie. schnelle@alumni. gatech. edu
Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine (ISSN: 1061-9747) is published quarterly (Spring Summer, Fall and Winter) for Roll Call contribute the Georgia Tech Alumni Association, Alumi House, 995 North Avenue NW, Atlanta, GA 30331 0175. Georgia Tech Alumni Association allocs from a contribution toward a year's subscription magazine Periodical postage paid at Atlanta.GA., and additional mailing offices. © 9004 Georgia Tech Alumni Association
Main Number (404) 894-2391
4 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
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THERE'S ONLY ONE CREDIT CARD PROGRAM FOR YELLOW JACKETS. Whether you're back at Georgia Tech or off traveling the world, take the card that's got Yellow Jackets covered. The no-annual-fee, Georgia Tech Alumni Association credit card offers 24-hour Customer service and is accepted at millions of locations and ATMs worldwide. And it's the only credit card program that actually supports your Alumni Association every time you use it. Each and every purchase generates valuable support for the Alumni Association and its student and alumni programs, at no additional cost to you. Plus, you'll save money thanks to a remarkably low introductory Annual Percentage Rate on cash advance checks and balance transfers. It's a great deal for Yellow Jackets. Apply now.
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Please mention priority code XVAH. There are costs associated with the use of this credit card. To request specific information about the costs, you may contact MBNA America Bank, N.A., the exclusive issuer and administrator of the Platinum Plus credit card program, by calling 1-800-523-7666 or writing to RO. Box 15020, Wilmington, DE 19850. TTY users, call 1-800-833-6262. MBNA, MBNA America, and Platinum Plus are service marks of MBNA America Bank, N.A. MasterCard is a federally registered service mark of MasterCard International Inc. and is used pursuant to license. ÂŠ2001 MBNA America Bank, N.A. AD-08-01-0134
CIRCLE Please mark your calendar for
The Presidents' Dinner 2004 Friday, June
Invitations will be mailed in April 2004 to Roll Call's Leadership Circle Donors
Georgia Tech Alumni Association
FeedBack Sea Lab Endangered As an avid scuba diver, I read with great interest your article "Under the Sea," Winter
Innovating to Survive
2004, GEORGIA TECH ALUMNI
MAGAZINE. So it was with great dismay that I read a recent Web posting that the undersea laboratory — the only one in the world — may be closed due to budget cuts. The University of North Carolina at Wilmington manages the underwater research lab named Aquarius, a 400square-foot capsule moored 63 feet below the surface off of Key Largo, Ha., and the federal government pays for a portion of its operation. Financing for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration undersea research arm has been flat for years. This fiscal year the National Undersea Research Program saw its budget fall from $13.5 million to $12 million. The current budget proposal recommends cutting an additional $1 million. The university gets about $1.3 million to manage the lab, which primarily covers operating and maintenance costs. Researchers, institutions and grants cover most of the mission expenses — like those incurred by Mark Hay and his group featured in your article. Not only is Aquarius a resource for marine biologists and other researchers, NASA astronauts have trained at the lab for several years to help them prepare for the rigors of space travel, sometimes spending a week or longer in utter isolation below the sea. The intense isolation in a very inhospitable yet simultaneously beautiful environment is an excellent analogue to outer space. This summer NASA will
send four astronauts to test new communication methods and exercise equipment for long-duration space travel. Aquarius was built in 1986 and has been refurbished twice since. The fact that the lab has been in the Florida Keys for so long makes it even more valuable as a research site, as it
We Welcome Letters The ALUMNI MAGAZINE
welcomes letters. Please include your full name, address and telephone number, Letters may be edited for clarity, space and content. • Mail correspondence to: Georgia Tech Alumni Publications 190 North Ave. NW Atlanta, GA 30313 • Fax: (404) 385-4637 • E-mail: email@example.com
luch has been said and written about I the issue of white-collar jobs being transferred offshore — especially in technology. Indeed there are no easy answers. It's a tremendous challenge for the United States and other developed economies. Is this what globalization is all about? Alan Greenspan recently said, "We can erect walls to foreign trade and even discourage job-displacing innovation. The pace of competition would surely slow and tensions might appear to ease — but only for a short while. Our standard of living would soon begin to stagnate and perhaps even decline as a consequence. Time and again through our history, we have discovered that attempting merely to preserve the comfortable features of the present —• rather than reaching for new levels of prosperity — is a sure path to stagnation." He's right about protectionism and its ultimate consequences. You can also argue that we've been beneficiaries of offshoring by foreign companies. Just within the auto industry, three examples come to mind: the BMW plant in Greer, S.C., the Mercedes plant in Vance, Ala., and the Toyota plant in San Antonio. Looking at other industries yields examples of economic benefit to the United States and examples of the opposite. There are no easy answers. The one thing that will enable us to navigate these waters successfully is our ability to innovate. To survive we have to adapt — to thrive we have to innovate. That's what the United States is all about and that's what Georgia Tech is all about. The Georgia Tech Alumni Association is about helping you thrive as well — whether it's career support or networking opportunities or if you'd like to give your time and expertise.
Joseph P. Irwin Vice President and Executive Director
Spring 2004 • GEORGIA TECH 7
A N D NOT T H E SAME OLD H O T E L BALLROOM.
Make your special fay, Truly special
Contact Kate Pientka, Event Coordinator at the Georgia Tech Alumni Association for more information on booking the Alumni House Event Space. firstname.lastname@example.org or 404.894.7085
8 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
passes a nearly two decade long data record that is unparalleled anywhere else in the world, The research that's done there has a national and international impact. Aquarius allows researchers to do in a few days what could otherwise take several weeks. Aquarius cannot operate without federal support. We need continued funding of this unique resource. Jud Ready, MatE 94, MS MetE 97, PhD 00 Adjunct professor and research engineer II Georgia Tech Research Institute
erance for other people's tastes in music. It exposed me to a broad range of different cultural and arts fields that I would have not otherwise experienced in an engineering curriculum. I am happy that I can now support Tech and WREK. I will send a check to the WREK Momentum Fund and hope other alumni will also. Juan J. Florensa, CE 79 Sarasota, Fla.
Super Snafu I enjoy the news coverage on National Public Radio, but during its coverage of Super Tuesday on March 3, it created a WREK Experience ( ^ ^ super snafu. In a 1 read with J^^& interest and ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ piece by Adam pleasant surM ^ ^ Hochberg about prise about ^ ^ ^ ^ e ^ a v f f e C t * M t n e Super WREK radio's | © e * " U fcestf$7 , Tuesday move to new M ^ ^ ^ ^ M results, he mentioned that studios. As a m a candidate was Georgia Tech ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^£r student in the late ^ ^ ^ speaking at "Georgia 1970s, I worked at WREK Tech University." Of course, producing two music shows. there is no such university, When I started working which I let NPR know. there in 1977, the studios I promptly received a were located on the top floor reply from Mr. Hochberg: of the Electrical Engineering "Thanks for the note, building. We relocated and sorry about the slight to shortly afterward to what Georgia Tech. I was traveling with the [John] Edwards was called at the time the Georgia Tech Research campaign and Atlanta was Institute Building. our eighth city in three days Back then we were (and our fourth college camecstatic regarding our new pus), so I got confused on "digs" and thought that it the official name. Still, could not get any better there's no excuse for me not than that. Even though those knowing where I am! "I enjoyed the visit to facilities were quite large for a student radio station, I can Georgia Tech. The new consee the need for new, modference center on campus is ern and more visible facilithe nicest I've seen anyties. where. I won't make the Working at WREK same mistake again." Dan Walther, IE 67 taught me many things including teamwork and tolHuntsville, Ala.
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Washington Mutual says Yes to Georgia Tech Alumni. Washington Mutual's commitment to homeownership makes home financing fast, easy and more affordable. When you decide t o purchase, refinance or use the equity in your current home, you'll: Get a fast loan decision Save $350 off closing costs 1 Pay no origination fee 1
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TechNotes Stanley Leary
Wonderful Friend' Tech 'reluctantly' drops DuPree name from management college
lumnus Tom DuPree's name has been removed from Georgia Tech's College of Management after he acknowledged it is unlikely he will be able to fulfill a $25 million pledge on schedule. Thomas E. DuPree Jr., IM 74, who made millions in the restaurant business, had attempted to share his wealth with Georgia Tech and then lost it. He made a $5 million gift in 1994 for the DuPree Center for Entrepreneurship and New Ventures. In 1996, he pledged another $20 million that resulted in the management college being named for him. DuPree founded Madison, Ga.based Avado Brands and built the nation's largest franchise of Applebee's. But the company fell on hard times and last November DuPree was removed as chairman and chief executive officer. In February, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
"Circumstances reluctantly have led us to the decision to remove the DuPree name from the college," Tech President Wayne Clough says. DuPree is "a wonderful friend and alumnus who made an incredibly generous pledge" to endow the college, Clough says. DuPree has paid $5.7 million toward the $25 million pledge. "We retain the utmost respect for Tom DuPree and all of his remarkable accomplishments and many philanthropic activities," Clough says. "To honor his legacy to date, Georgia Tech will establish a scholarship program in his name for students from his home county to attend Georgia Tech." Clough says the decision was taken after "recognizing the reality of the circumstances Georgia Tech faces. Our ultimate goal is to ensure that the college has the resources needed to educate the technologically astute business leaders of the future. Tom
Despite good intentions, Tom DuPree's company fell on hard times. Tech has established a scholarship in his name.
DuPree will remain a valued member of our Georgia Tech family, and his advice and assistance will help us reach our high aspirations."
Anonymous Donor Creates $15 million Challenge
n anonymous donor has made a $15 million challenge gift to accelerate private support for the College of Management. The donor will match gifts to the Georgia Tech Foundation designated for the college and unrestricted in their use. Gifts and pledges started by Oct. 1, 2003, and fulfilled by June 30, 2007, will qualify for the one-to-one matching dollars. "This generous challenge commitment offers us the opportunity, with the help of others who will match the gift, to complete the funding of our dramatic new management building at Technology Square," President Wayne Clough says. "Closure on this obligation will place our College of Management in position to focus its future efforts toward shaping technology-related programs that will distinguish us from the rest of the pack," Clough says. "The possibilities that lie ahead for this college are remarkable and taking advantage of them will quickly bring its reputation in line with that of our outstanding College of Engineering."
Because the donor wants to remain anonymous, participants whose gifts receive matching funds will get facility-naming recognition for the full amount â€” their gifts combined with the dollar-for-dollar match. The challenge means that a 75-seat tiered classroom that previously required a $250,000 commitment will be named for $125,000. The College of Management building itself could be named for $7.5 million rather than the full $15 million. Terry Blum, dean of the College of Management, says, "Our alumni have been very successful in the world of business, and many of them have the means to make generous personal commitments. I believe they will meet this challenge head-on and push us over the top in our effort to complete funding of our state-ofthe-art new building." For more information about the challenge grant, contact Philip D. Spessard, director of development for the college, at (404) 385-1418 or by e-mail at email@example.com.
Spring 2004 â€˘ GEORGIA TECH 1 1
Ivan Allen Prize Goes to Sam Nunn
Remember When? -^ S>4IW /% ^_ jtl • >•
t/ ft».ffWMWBM^V>!Wg? jwiiiMVi •'O JreJ vRrWr JVHV* it M ' f '';
W^^Qi4^%clitioru' 75 Years of History and Tradition
Back issues of the 75th Anniversary edition of the Georgia Tech Alumni Magazine. Includes highlights from the first issue in March 1923 through the Spring 1998.
ormer Sen. Sam Nunn, who heads two Washington, D.C., think tanks on national security and policy, received the Ivan Allen Prize for Progress and Service at the Ivan Allen College Founder's Day celebration in March. Nunn, Cls 60, is a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech named in his honor. The college observed Founder's Day in conjunction with the Sam Nunn Bank of America Policy Forum, which explored the implications of "BioTerrorism Preparedness: The Imperative for a Public-Private Partnership." Nunn is co-chair and chief executive officer of the Nuclear Threat
Initiative, a charitable organization working to reduce the global threats from nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. He also chairs the board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Washington group seeking practical ways to deal with the threat of international terrorism. He entered politics in 1968 as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives. He served in the U.S. Senate for 24 years, from 1972 until 1996, and is retired from the law firm King & Spalding. Nunn served as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business committees. His legislative achievements include the landmark Department of Defense Reorganization Act, drafted with the late Sen. Barry Goldwater, and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, which provides assistance to Russia and the former Soviet republics for securing and destroying their excess nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. Nunn entered Tech in 1956 and won the freshman cake race. Although he was only 5 feet 11 inches tall, he earned a spot on the Yellow Jacket basketball traveling squad his sophomore year. After his junior year, he transferred to Emory University, where he earned his law degree.
Limited quantities of one of our most popular issues are available at $5 each.
What's the Buzz? Contact Julie Schnelle (404) 894-0766 Julie.schnelle ©alumni.gatech.edu Make checks payable to: Georgia Tech Alumni Assn. 190 North Ave. Atlanta, GA 30313
12 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
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North Avpnup Gary Meek
7 5 Years Ago
Innovations Attract Alumni
bout half of the sand at the world's tropical beaches has been "processed" through the digestive tracts of parrot fish, according to Mark Hay, the Linda and Harry Teasely chair in environmental biology at Georgia Tech. The fish consume reefs and other hard substrate, which is ground up and quickly passed through their systems. "It's kind of like if buffalo came through a McDonald's and ate the whole parking lot in order to get the grease out of it," he joked. Hay shared his observations at a February forum "Georgia Tech: Innovating Here and Now," sponsored by the Georgia Tech Alumni Association at the Hotel and Conference Center. More than 450 alumni and friends attended the event. Georgia Tech faculty members including Hay, Z.L. Wang, Ralph Merkle, Andres Garcia and Marie Thursby discussed innovative research initiatives that include nanotechnology, tissue engineering, marine biology, commercializing technology and the ubiquitous computer. In his introductory remarks, President Wayne Clough noted that he was sharing the dais with "some of the greatest scholars in the world." "Their work is helping to drive Georgia Tech's growing reputation as a center of innovation and a source of new ideas that change the world for the better, and we are privileged to have them on our faculty," he said. Hay's parrot fish comments were
made in the context of his presentation about ways aquatic organisms interact via chemical signals. The larger goal of his research is to halt the rapid deterioration of coral reefs and foster the conditions necessary for them to thrive. Wang's specialty â€” nanotechnology, the engineering of materials at the molecular or atomic levels â€” holds promise not only in the development of ultrasmall devices, but given the quantum mechanics involved at the nano scale, entirely new materials can be made with unusual and beneficial properties. A professor of materials engineering, Wang is the director of the Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Credited with helping invent Internet data encryption, Ralph Merkle, professor of computing and director of the Tech Information Security Center, expressed concern for the explosive rise in computer vandalism. Andres Garcia, assistant professor in the School of Mechanical Engineering, said the idea behind tissue engineering is to "replace, repair, maintain or enhance function through the use of living cells, other natural biological materials or both" in the development of tissue substitutes. Marie Thursby walked forum attendees through her Technological Innovation: Generating Economic Results program, designed to instill students with a full understanding of the range of business issues associated with technology commercialization.
Development of Rose Bowl Field, a 10-acre tract that included a grandstand, three baseball diamonds and two gridirons, was started in May 1929 and completed in September. It was so named because the project was largely financed from funds received in Tech's Jan. 1 Rose Bowl victory.
5 0 Years Ago In the spring of 1954, D.M. Smith, the legendary head of mathematics, and DP. Savant, former dean of engineering and former director of electrical engineering, both retired. Smith recalled in the alumni magazine when, in an effort to speed up registration, students were routed directly to their departments. As registration was about to close, one student came back. "What do you want?" Smith asked. "Another deal," the student replied. "I met all them professors and to tell you the truth, I don't like the looks of none of them."
2 5 Years Ago The U.S. Department of the Interior listed 10 acres of Georgia Tech's "old campus" on the National Register of Historic Places. The old campus is bounded by North Avenue, Techwood Drive, Third Street and Cherry Street and includes the J.S. Coon building and the Rockefeller YMCA building, now the Alumni/Faculty House.
Spring 2004 â€˘ GEORGIA TECH 13
rankenstein has lurched his way into the Georgia Tech Library and Information Center, but there's no need to pull out the pitchforks and torches. He's there to teach. "Frankenstein: Penetrating the Secrets of Nature" is on display in the library's Neely Gallery through April 30 and examines the transformation of Mary Shelley's creature from a literary figure into a cultural phenomenon — and how the monster relates to the debate over ethics and the pursuit of science. "The exhibition addresses issues such as cloning and genetic engineering, which raise difficult questions about the nature of human identity," says Kirk Henderson, the library's records coordinator. "The story of Frankenstein, as myth and as metaphor, can help the public articulate and examine these fears." The free exhibit is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Saturday and noon to 5 p.m. Sunday.
Georgia Tech Alumni Association presents
Alumnae Networking Events Women on Wednesdays Breakfast speaker series created by alumnae for alumnae
Tech On Board Next-generation Internet rail solely for research
eorgia Tech and a consortium of universities are forming alliances to tap thousands of miles of dark fiber cable — a fiber-optic cable that is not carrying a signal — buried by telecommunications companies at the height of the Internet boom. The universities, research agencies and leading-edge technology companies already have leased more than 10,000 miles of surplus dark fiber-optic cable from telecommunications firms and are preparing to initiate National LambdaRail, a high-speed, next-generation network dedicated solely to research. Ron Hutchins, chief technology officer and associate vice provost for research and technology at Tech, and Brian Savory, director of the Southern Light Rail project, briefed the Georgia Senate Higher Education Committee about the project in March. "The purpose of the NLR is to access, exchange and process huge quantities of scientific and research data to this consortium which will allow breakthroughs in research and development in biotechnology, advanced communications and nanotechnology, the focal areas of the Georgia Research Alliance," Hutchins says. The state's six research universities — Georgia Tech, Georgia State University, Clark Atlanta University, the Medical College of Georgia, Emory University and the University of Georgia — have been invited to join the regional network initiative that will connect to the National LambdaRail from a node at Tech. Savory says the most pressing matter is forming strategic alliances with companies that have access to dark fiber cable, placed at the height of the Internet boom when many companies overestimated the demand. Not long ago, this equipment was very expensive, but today's equipment is affordable and much easier to maintain. In March, the link between Pittsburgh and Chicago went live and by early June the link between Atlanta, Raleigh, N.C., and Washington, D.C., should be activated. SMtUt
April 2 8 — Lara O'Connor Hodgson July 2 8 — Connie Glaser Georgia Tech Alumni Association 190 North Ave., 7:30-9 a.m.
Sophisticated Southern Cooking Demonstration Thursday, May 20 — Chef Virginia Willis Cook's Warehouse, Midtown, 6:30-8:30 p.m. For more information, speaker updates and to register, visit us online at wvjw.gtalumni.org/woiucii
14 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
ftf • • • •
Already connected. • • • • Proposed lines To be connected by May. To be connected, pending formal funding/approval. Network relay points.
The $80 million proposed optical network will link universities in about a dozen cities via a 10 gigabit-per-second connection.
TechNotes low can you double or even triple your contribution to Georgia Tech? Just follow these 2 simple steps. 1. Contact your HR department to get a matching gift form. 2. Mall your matching gift form to the address below. We'll take It from there, thank you for your support! If you or your spouse work for a company that matches gifts, ask your HR department for a matching gift form. (Some retired employees are eligible to have their gifts matched as well). Mall the completed form to the address below. If you have questions, please contact:
Strip Club Born Again By Maria M. Lameiras
lumni Kim King and Chris Smith are orchestrating an arrangement to ensure that the former home of an Atlanta strip club dances to a very different tune. In February, the Christian Church Buckhead, where Smith is an associate minister, began services in the former Gold Club building at Piedmont Road and Lindbergh Drive. Kim King Associates — owned by King, IM 68 — and Gwinnett Partners own the property and are leasing the building to the nondenominational congregation until they demolish the building to raise an upscale 300-condominium tower. The business partners bought the 1.5-acre property from the U.S. government and an Augusta, Ga., family trust last year for $5.25 million. Smith, Mgt 99, says the church was looking for a home in the Buckhead area of Atlanta when the idea to locate in the former Gold Club surfaced. "To be honest, it was kind of a joke at first, but
then we realized it was not such a far-fetched idea," says Smith. After giving some thought to the public relations potential, Smith and pastor Dan Garrett met with King and secured a temporary lease on the building. "He understood what we were trying to do," says Smith. "There has been a lot of interest in the church and, to my knowledge, there has not been any negative feedback." At the first Sunday service, there were equal numbers of the faithful and the curious, Smith says. "The first week we had an initial surge of people — some interested in the church, others who wanted to see what it looked like. In week two, there were not quite as many people, but we have grown every week since then," he says. "A lot of people from the area have also stopped by to say they appreciate what we are doing." The strip club was closed by federal authorities in 2001 after its former owner, Steve Kaplan, pleaded guilty to racketeering charges.
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Spring 2004 • GEORGIA TECH 15
Guy D'Alema Courtesy of East Lake Country Club
'Play Your Own Game' Bobby Jones was both mentor and friend to Tommy Barnes By Kimberly Link-Wills
obby Jones played his last round of golf in July 1948. On the course with him at East Lake Country Club was Tommy Barnes, TM 38. "I met Bobby Jones in 1931.1 was given an honorary membership at East Lake and he was out there all the time. He had just won the Grand Slam. We became real close friends," Barnes says. "He was one of the nicest people I ever met. He helped me a lot with my game. I went on to win some big tournaments after I met him." Actually, Barnes, who was inducted into Tech's Hall of Fame in 1960, won a lot of tournaments. He was the Southern Interscholastic champion in 1934 and '38, the Southern States Four-Ball champion in 1940, '41 and '46, the Georgia State Amateur champion in 1941 and the Southeastern PGA Open champ in 1946. He won regional tournaments too numerous to list. Barnes was inducted into the Georgia State Hall of Fame in 1981 and the Southern Golf Association Hall of Fame in 1988. The Georgia State Golf Association annually presents the Tommy Barnes Award to the overall player of the year. The Southern Golf Association credits Barnes with preserving the East Lake Country Club. "He orchestrated a move among friends of Bobby Jones to buy the club from the Atlanta Athletic Club in 1967 when the ACC was moving north of Atlanta to Duluth. Had it not been for his determination to preserve this shrine to the great Bobby Jones, the East Lake Country Club might not be around today for golf historians to enjoy," the Hall of Fame induction announcement reads. Like Jones, Barnes never turned pro. "There wasn't any money in it when I played," he says. But Barnes remained competitive until May 2002, when he broke his back in a car accident. These days he's only able to "putt a bit."
Reviewing the scorecard after Bobby Jones' final round of golf are, left to right, Robert Ingram, Tommy Barnes, Jones and Henry Lindener.
Throughout the 1930s and '40s, Barnes and Jones golfed together at least once a month. Barnes still remembers the advice Jones gave him. "He said, 'Play one shot at a time, don't try to play your opponent, play your own game.'" Barnes did not know that the round in 1948 would be the last he would play with Jones, who was being crippled by syringomyelia. "He didn't say anything to me that day about it. My goodness, he shot a 72 that last round," Barnes says. "I ran into him downtown the next morning and he told me he'd had some numbness in his legs and his arms. "That same week he went into the hospital. I went over to see him and there was a 'no admittance' sign on his door. I turned around and started walking back up the hall and saw his dad. His dad told me he was heavily sedated. I said, 'I'll come back later,' and he said, 'No, go on in, he'd like to see you, Tommy' I didn't stay long. He had a patch on his neck. I guess that's where they operated on him. "He never played another round of golf. I don't think he hit but one or two balls after that. It was terrible. He wasn't but 46 years old. He was playing some of the best golf he ever played. He was a plus-4 handicap at the time," Barnes says. "T admired him more as a man than a golfer because of the way he lived his life. He lived an exemplary life. He was a great person," Barnes says. "He was the best competitor I ever played against. I tell you what, when you teed off you had better try to get the best shot because he was gonna try and beat you." GT
Spring 2004 â€˘ GEORGIA TECH
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The reality of Technology Square. Technology Square - a $ 180 million multibuMng complex that hurdles Atlanta's Downtown Connector and extends the Georgia Tech campus across eight acres of Midtown real estate - was financed by the Georgia Tech Foundation.
echnology Square is home to Georgia Tech's College of Management, a Global Learning Center, a Georgia Tech Hotel and Conference Center, the Economic Development Center, Barnes & Noble Bookstore, retail shops, restaurants and a parking deck. Across the street is the Advanced Technology Development Center. Technology Square is more than an expansion of the Georgia Tech campus. It connects the campus to Atlanta's technology corridor, And it's the engine that will drive the development of a high-tech business community in Midtown, says Georgia Tech President Wayne Clough. "Georgia Tech has influenced Atlanta economically with the number of high-tech businesses it has attracted," says Clough. 'And we want and expect more to come. But you need a geographic center, a highly visible entity that stands for Atlanta's high-tech corridor, and that entity is Technology Square. The millions of people who travel down the 1-75/85 highway will see and identify this area as the technological heartbeat of Atlanta." Years from now, people may look back on Technology Square as
A.J. Land Jr., Chairman H. Hammond Stith Jr., Past Chairman Don L. Chapman, Vice Chairman/Chairman Elect Hubert L. Harris Jr., Treasurer John B. Carter Jr., President and Chief Operating Officer
the benchmark of yet another identity for the city — as a crossroads for ideas, innovation and new technology — but the opening of Technology Square this summer is the fruition of a plan that began many years ago. The decision to purchase derelict land across the interstate was finalized in 1995. A nonprofit that handles contributions and investments for the Institute, the Georgia Tech Foundation bought the eight acres for $11.9 million in 1997. John Aderhold, EE 45, IE 67, a trustee emeritus of the Georgia Tech Foundation who has been instrumental in the World Congress Center and the Georgia Dome, says Technology Square is a project that "not only feeds what is going on in Atlanta and Midtown, it ties it all together, from the Atlantic Steel project to the downtown development. Activity begets activity. This is a step in a journey that started a long time back and still has a long way to go, but it is a big step, a beautiful step." The Georgia Tech Foundation is planning ahead and helping prepare for Georgia Tech's success every step of the way.
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en of Responsibility' Michael Araci is creating one of America's most important memorials E3y John Dunn
"he horror of 9/11, the tremendous sense of loss and the devastating void left in the ruins of the twin towers of the World Trade Center drove Michael Arad to react as an architect. "I was very influenced personally by what happened on September 11," says Arad, M Arch 99, who lives in New York City and saw the second tower hit by the commercial jet plane. "I felt a need to address it in some way, to relate to it as an architect. I thought about an idea for a memorial fairly early on — a few months after the event." Arad's design, "Reflecting Absence," was selected for the World Trade Center memorial in January over 5,201 entries from 63 countries. Arad, 34, was on campus March 22 when he spoke to a class of architecture students that filled the room and spilled into the hallway. "Not that long ago, Michael was sitting where you are," Doug Allen, associate dean of Tech's College of Architecture, told the students. In a soft-spoken voice, Arad gave a slide presentation and reviewed the process that led to the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. jury awarding him the commission to build one of the nation's most important memorials. Arad's original concept was to create a memorial in the Hudson River "that would make very present and visible the absence of something," he says. The idea was to carve two
20 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
voids in the river. Although the flow of water was continuous, the voids "could never be filled, could never be forgotten." After building a model of the Hudson River memorial, Arad says he "put it aside and forgot about it for a year or so" — until the design competition for a memorial was announced. Arad was at home on Sept. 11, 2001, when he heard on the radio that one of the towers had Gary Meek been hit by a plane. "I thought, like so many other people, that this was a freak accident involving a small plane," Arad remembers. "I went and peeked out of the window from my bedroom and saw smoke rising through the tower. I went up to the roof of my apartment building and saw the second tower get hit by an airplane. It was a very difficult thing to see." He attempted to phone his wife, Melanie Fitzpatrick, CP 97, who worked downtown. "I couldn't get her on the phone, so I went downtown to find her. It's not far from where we live. People were streaming uptown. I found her and we were walking back home. We were on Fulton Street by the East River when the first tower came down. I didn't realize it at the time because where we were, you couldn't see the tower. "All of a sudden people started running around and there was a big cloud of smoke. We were by the Williamsburg Bridge by the time the second tower fell," Arad says.
Images reproduced with permission: Lower Manhattan Development Corporation
"There were many people streaming over the bridges, walking â€” everyone in their work clothes. It was very strange to come back home after a couple of hours and the towers were gone from the skyline." In the aftermath of the horrific loss of life and the devastation, Arad says New Yorkers reached out to each other. Arad is the son of Moshe Arad, who was the Israeli ambassador to the United States during the Reagan Administration. He grew up in Israel, the United States and Mexico, but since 9/11 he no longer feels like a stranger in New York, he has a sense of belonging. "The way people came together after September 11 was really moving and beautiful, the sense of community in people helping each other and finding a way of dealing with the grief. I remember going to a couple of vigils. It wasn't organized that we'd have a vigil at 12 o'clock. It was just going on everywhere at the same time. "There were huge posters that people put up of missing people. There were candles everywhere. People would congregate at parks and on street corners," Arad says. "I live downtown in the East Village. In the week after the attack, it was cut off from all traffic. It was very quiet and people were walking about. There was no traffic at all and the smoke was still there. It was an incredible experience." When the memorial competition was announced, Arad revisited his Hudson River design model, which he had to change significantly because the memorial would be built on the World Trade Center site, bounded by West, Greenwich, Fulton and Liberty streets. Master planner Daniel Libeskind had proposed a memorial site be developed below the plaza level. "I felt that the master plan that he had suggested would be problematic for the site because it depressed the whole site and severed it from the city," Arad says. The design Arad presented was a street-level plaza that "would stitch it back into the neighborhood in a way that allowed it to be a continued part of the city." Arad was working for the New York City Housing Authority when he submitted his design in June 2003. His wife gave birth to their first son, Nathaniel, in August, and in November, he learned that he was one of eight finalists for the memorial design. The jury encouraged Arad to work with a landscape architect to enhance the plaza and he chose Californian Peter Walker. The 13-member memorial jury of architects, artists and government officials proclaimed Arad's design the winner on Jan. 6. Maya Lin, who designed the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, was on the jury. Arad's design brought the site up to street level and carved the footprints of the twin towers in two 30-foot-deep sunken reflecting pools, an emphasis intended to make the absence present â€” an unforgettable void. Arad says he considers the victims' families the most important constituency. He met with them the day before he publicly presented his revised design on Jan. 14. The redesign features bands of stone paving and irregular trees surrounding the two sunken pools.
Awad Architectural Models
Eloquent Void Allows Absence to Speak An excerpt from the Jan. 13 statement of the World Trade Center Memorial Jury for the winning design.
e have taken the time we needed to make our final choice from among the 5,201 submissions from 63 different countries. Of all the designs submitted, we have found that "Reflecting Absence" by Michael Arad, in concert with landscape architect Peter Walker, fulfills most eloquently the daunting — but absolutely necessary — demands of this memorial. In its powerful, yet simple articulation of the footprints of the twin towers, "Reflecting Absence" has made the voids left by the destruction the primary symbols of our loss. By allowing absence to speak for itself, the designers have made the power of these empty footprints the memorial. At its core, this memorial is anchored deeply in the actual events it commemorates — connecting us to the towers' destruction, and more important, to all the lives lost on that day. In our descent to the level below the street, down into the outlines left by the lost towers, we find that absence is made palpable in the sight and sound of thin sheets of water falling into reflecting pools, each with a further void at its center. We view the sky, now sharply outlined by the perimeter of the voids, through this veil of falling water. At bedrock of the north tower's footprint, loved ones will be able to mourn privately, in a chamber with a large stone vessel containing unidentified remains of victims that will
The view from the top of the plaza will look down and water will fall down and flow into the void. A memorial gallery will be underground and contain the names of the victims of the attack to be inscribed and listed randomly. Rescue workers and firefighters will be identified by insignia. Visitors will stand behind a wall of falling water and the gallery will convey a sense of intimacy as well as that of a shelter. Building the memorial is "an enormous burden of responsibility," Arad says. "So many people have high and different expectations for what this memorial will do and can do. Trying to maintain the integrity of the design as I imagined it is going to take a tremendous effort." Arad says he has called on Allen, his former architecture professor, for ideas and suggestions. "It's unlike any other experience," Allen says of the memorial. "It's difficult because you don't have a single client — you have multiple clients and multiple vested interests. You can take any memorial anywhere on any town square in any city of the United States and multiply it times a thousand. And that's what he's going through. "You're often times trying to satisfy different constituen-
rest at the base of the void, directly beneath an opening to the sky above. While the footprints remain empty, however, the surrounding plaza's design has evolved to include beautiful groves of trees, traditional affirmations of life and rebirth. These trees, like memory itself, demand the care and nurturing of those who visit and tend them. They remember life with living forms, and serve as living representations of the destruction and renewal of life in their own annual cycles. The result is a memorial that expresses both the incalculable loss of life and its consoling regeneration. Not only does this memorial creatively address its mandate to preserve the footprints, recognize individual victims, and provide access to bedrock, it also seamlessly reconnects this site to the fabric of its urban community.
cies who are working at odds against one another. It's a hard thing to do," Allen says. Arad received a bachelor's degree in government from Dartmouth College, before earning his graduate degree at Tech. "Tech is where I received my architectural education and the skills that I have developed here are the ones that are still helping me," Arad says. When he learned he was one of the eight nominees, Arad says he was given two months to prepare material for the jury presentation. "Originally, I presented only one board. When I presented to the jury for the second round, there were five boards and two models. Tn a way it was like an intense studio. Like any studio sort of exercise, you have a deadline and you try to get everything you can done in as frugal an amount of time as possible." Arad quips, "The lack of sleep I got here paved the way." He is modest about the celebrity status gained from winning the commission to build the memorial and the task ahead. "It's still architecture," he says. GT Spring 2004 • GEORGIA TECH 23
atom nanotechnology is changing the world By Gary Goettling anotechnology offers scientists access to a surreal mini-universe where reality and imagination are intertwined, and virtually anything seems possible. Nano, from the Greek for dwarf, means one-billionth. A human hair, for example, measures 50,000 nanometers in diameter; a strand of DNA is about two nanometers wide. Hence, nanotechnology â€” under 100 nanometers is the accepted threshold â€” involves the engineering of materials and substances at their molecular or atomic levels.
2 4 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
Z.L Wang, director of Georgia Tech's Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and a professor of materials science, holds precursor materials for nanometer-scale structures known as nanobelts. Wang says the future of nanotechnology is the "new industrial revolution."
= may work as a semiconductor or Q sensor at the nanometer level. | Another example: Platinum melts at 1,772 degrees Celsius, but on the nano level its melting point drops to about 600 degrees Celsius. Techniques for working at this unimaginably tiny scale enable scientists to improve a particular material by altering its atomic structure — moving individual atoms around like Lego blocks to create completely new structures with beneficial new qualities. The power of nanotechnology is that the finished, fullscale product retains the characteristics engineered at the nano level.
Georgia Tech is the only institution in the Southeast with advanced clean room facilities needed for experiments in nanotechnology, microelectronics, medicine and other fields. Tech's new Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center, a 160,000-square-foot facility funded by a donor's $36 million gift and $45 million pledge from the state, will quadruple the Institute's clean room capacity and be available for other academic institutions and private industry.
anotechnology could affect virtually every manufactured product, energy production and a host of medical applications ranging from diagnostics to tissue and bone replacements, according to Zhong Lin Wang, a Georgia Tech professor of materials science and adjunct professor of chemistry. He also heads Tech's Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and its Electron Microscopy Center. "The most important and strongest drive for nanotechnology comes from microsystem-based industry," says Wang, who holds a half dozen nanotechnology-related patents. "When silicon technology reaches its limit in feature size in about five years, there will be a desperate need for nanotechnology to keep up the technological momentum laid down by microelectronics and optoelectronics." The ability to construct objects on a nanoscale is expected to lead to the development of tiny but fully functional machines — even sophisticated computers smaller than a human cell. But nanotechnology is more than simply the next frontier in miniaturization. The properties of materials change dramatically the farther one moves down the nanoscale, revealing an entirely new mini-universe of qualitative changes. For instance, a material that conducts electricity 26 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
"Phenomena at the nanometer scale are likely to be a completely new world," Wang says. "Properties of matter at the nanoscale may not be predictable from those observed at larger scales. Important changes in behavior arc caused not only by continuous modification of characteristics with diminishing size, but also by the emergence of totally new phenomena."
The possibilities of nanotechnology have been discussed for many years. In 1959, physicist Richard Feynman speculated, "What would happen if we could arrange atoms one by one the way we want them?" The shift from theory to practical application depended upon the development of an array of microscopy techniques that allow researchers to see at the nanoscale — and even beyond, says Wang. "You can use the tip of an atomic-force microscope to put the proper atom where you want it," he cites as an example. "Techniques such as this provide us with eyes and hands to manipulate nanoscale objects, which we could not do 20 years ago." The capability of Tech's Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center will increase substantially in the months ahead, thanks to a $36 million windfall from a private donor announced this past October. "We will have a new facility for nanotechnology and state-of-the-art equipment," says Wang. "This will boost our effort to a new stage." The state is expected to contribute an additional $45 million toward construction of the 160,000-square-foot nanotech home, the largest in the Southeast. The new building will quadruple Georgia Tech's clean room capacity and be available for use by other academic institutions as well as private industry.
Only three years old, the nanotech center involves about 70 faculty and is involved in organizing conferences and workshops and interacting with private industry and university peers. Its education activities include creation of graduate and undergraduate courses in nanotechnology leading to a certificate in the field. On the research side, the center helps faculty teams prepare proposals to secure multimillion dollar grants. Wang is convinced that Tech will soon be recognized among the top tier of nanotech research universities in the country. "Georgia Tech's engineering programs are among the strongest in the country. The university is engineeringoriented with a lot of infrastructure already in place which makes it possible to conduct nanotechnology research. More important, over the past few years Georgia Tech has hired a lot of outstanding people in this area." Nanotech-related research at Tech is multidisciplinary and cuts across many schools and colleges. Areas of focus include bioelectronics, microelectromechanical systems, sensors, nanophotonics, bioelectronics, molecular diagnostics and drug delivery. In his lab, Wang has developed "oxide nanobelt" structures with potential applications in sensors and transducers. The semiconducting, structurally uniform, single-crystalline nanobelts could be useful for in-situ, real-time and remote detection of molecules, cancer cells or proteins. The nanobelts may also be applied in the fabrication of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. Other attention-grabbing research includes the develop-
Georgia Tech researcher Robert Dickson, pictured above with doctoral student Tae-Hee Lee, has developed a new type of nanometer-scale optoelectronic device that performs addition and other complex logic operations.
ment of nanometer-scale optoelectronic devices that perform complex logic operations that could provide the foundation for development of molecular-scale computing. This technology, developed by Robert Dickson at the School in Chemistry and Biochemistry, is based on the utilization of individual electroluminescent silver nanoclusters. Instead of electrical current, the device's output will be light. Professors James Gole and Andrei Fedorov from the schools of physics and mechanical engineering, respectively, have developed a novel photocatalytic microreactor for use in water disinfection processes. The researchers utilize a porous silicon nanostructure with micron-size pores and clusters of silica or titania nanospheres up to 30 nanometers in diameter, alone or impregnated with a noble metal. Preliminary results indicate performance superior to that of conventional bulk catalysts. In health care, nanotechnology may hold the key to early detection, clinical diagnosis and treatment of a number of diseases, particularly cancer.
'You can use the tip of an atomic-force microscope to put the proper atom where you want it.Techniques such as this provide us with eyes and hands to manipulate nanoscale objects." â€” Z.L.Wang Spring 2004 â€˘ GEORGIA TECH 27
Quantum dots, nanometer-sized semiconductors, embedded in microbeads give each bead a unique optical signature. Biomolecules with highly luminescent quantum dots have unique optical properties, creating a superior substitute for organic dyes. The beads attach to the molecule they have been encoded to identify and may hold the key to the early detection of cancer and other diseases.
28 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
"Biomedical nanotechnology is leading to major advances in molecular diagnostics, therapeutics, molecular biology and bioengineering," says Shuming Nie, a professor in the joint Georgia Tech-Emory k University School of Biomedical Engineering and director of Cancer Nanotechnology at Emory's Winship Cancer Institute. Nie, a bioanalytical and biomaterials chemist by training, has developed a novel V technology to aid his cancer-fighting research. The technique employs micronsized polystyrene beads packed with zinc sulfide-capped cadmium selenide i nanocrystals or "quantum dots." The semiconductor dots are fluorescent and can be synthesized in different colors merely by changing their size, according to Nie. Varying the number and size of the quantum dots embedded in each microbead gives the bead a unique optical signature. In addition, these microstructures can quickly identify and analyze a particular compound in a complex mixture â€” in effect, serving as a tiny chemical laboratory. When biological macromolecules such as antibodies are joined to the beads and injected into tissue, the beads attach to the molecule they have been encoded to detect. A color image of the sample displays clusters of different color dots, each corresponding to a particular gene or protein. Cancer cells have certain characteristics or markers. After targeting and labeling these markers with colorcoded quantum dots, Nie's computer converts the optical information into biological data. He then knows which markers are and are not present as well as their distribution over the surface of a cell. He also knows when enough markers converge to indicate cancer. The technique allows simultaneous analysis of the markers in clinical tissue specimens and also detects the tiniest molecular abnormalities â€” a tremendous step forward for early cancer detection. Further, nanoprobes using quantum dots that are chemically bound to particular genes and proteins can monitor the effectiveness of drug therapy, or precisely deliver controlled amounts of drugs into tumor cells. Besides cancer, Nie says medical applications for nanoparticles focus on cardiovascular disease and neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's. "I see great potential in using nanotechnology for cell and tissue engineering," he adds. "Georgia Tech is very strong in tissue engineering, so it's only logical that we bring these research areas together." Worldwide, considerable nanotech research is aimed at improving the performance of everyday consumer goods ranging from automobile tires to cosmetics to paint. A few nanotech products are already in the marketplace, notably garments that shed liquids effortlessly. Unlike tradi-
tional stain resistance, which is applied to the fabric and eventually washes out, the new nanoengineered material has stain-fighting polymers bonded within the molecular structure of the garment itself. Stain resistance then becomes as much an integral property of the fabric as its feel or texture. Further development could lead to body armor with the lighter weight and feel of a sweatshirt or "smart" clothing that becomes waterproof when touched by rain and responds to temperature changes by becoming more porous in hot weather and denser in the cold. Some nanotech development efforts appear to come straight out of science fiction, such as a computer memory device that uses the positions of individual atoms to represent bits of data. "Assemblers" could be the ultiShuminq Nie works with micron-sized polystyrene beads packed with quantum dots. mate nanotech devices. At present, building nanoengineered structures on a large scale is excruciatingly slow even with processes such launched in Atlanta, organized by the law firm of Arnall as molecular beam epitaxy, which may be described as spray Golden Gregory LLP, which includes an intellectual-property painting with atoms. Assemblers would draw materials from practice for nanotech developments; the Georgia Tech their surroundings and create duplicates of themselves or, Research Corp.; the accounting firm of Deloitte & Touche; working in concert, fabricate whatever material or structure and the Office of Science and Technology of the Georgia they're designed to produce. Living cells are examples of Department of Industry, Trade and Tourism, the alliance's ininature's "assemblers." tial activities center on education and communication. Nanoengineered composite materials stronger and "We want to raise the profile of nanotechnology among lighter than steel could open up tremendous possibilities in the different constituent groups and get them talking to one manufacturing. The best known of this new generation of another about it," says Jeff Stewart, president of the alliance materials are carbon nanotubes — ultrasmall sheets of carbon and chair of Arnall Golden's nanotechnology practice. He atoms arranged in a hexagonal pattern. The sheets are identifies the constituencies as universities, laboratories, wrapped into tube-shaped strings with diameters ranging emerging companies, large corporations with nanotech initiafrom four-tenths of a nanometer to 100 nanometers. Carbon tives, public and private sources of financing, state and federnanotubes can be stronger than diamonds, yet twisted, flatal programs, and economic and legal advisers. tened and bent into circles without breaking. Nanotubes are "There are pockets of activity going on, but there's not a superb conductors of electricity and heat and can act as semi- lot of communication among them. If we can raise the profile conductors. of nanotechnology and educate the people in Georgia about what it can mean to our state economically, I think we'll see The bad news, at least for now, is that the material is far increased activity, yield and investment in that area," he says. too expensive — several hundred dollars a gram — to find widespread application. But that will certainly change with One Atlanta firm, nGimat Co., manufactures a variety of time and further research. nanoengineered materials, including thin-film coatings and powders for industrial applications and components for senNanotechnology's far-reaching and lucrative potential sors and wireless devices. The properties of a material actualfor product development and the improvement of existing ly change within the nanoscale realm — often quite dramatiproducts has prompted Georgia to seek a leadership position cally and usefully, according to CEO and founder Andrew in the emerging nanotech space. Hunt, PhD Cere 93. This past fall the Georgia Nanotechnology Alliance was
"I see great potential in using nanotechnology for cell and tissue engineering. Georgia Tech is very strong in tissue engineering, so it's only logical that we bring these research areas together."— Shuming Nie Spring2004 'GEORGIATECH 2 9
Atlanta's nGimat Co. founder and CEO Andrew Hunt holds numerous patents in the field of nanotechnology. Hunt says the properties of a material often change dramatically and usefully within the nanoscale realm.
"When you get below 50 nanometers the properties begin to have measurable change," Hunt says. "We see a lot of applications where you get the real benefit at sub-20 nanometers." How those changing properties provide opportunities for product improvement may be seen in the fuel cell catalysts produced by nGimat. Typically, catalysts rely on platinum group metals for operational efficiency, but Hunt's nanoengineered product is inherently more effective. "You can use alternatives to, say, platinum, so you can use much less expensive materials. One must have a practical way to make the nanomaterials or else you do not get the cost benefit." In addition, nanoengineered materials could eliminate the trade-off between efficiency and operating temperature â€” one of the main obstacles to widespread commercialization of solid oxide fuel cells. Hunt founded the company 10 years ago as MicroCoating Technologies to engage in nanotech research and development. He holds numerous patents in the field, including additional trade secrets to the Nanomiser unit and NanoSpray process, which produce nanostructures as both thin films and nanopowders. The company name was changed in March to reflect its nanotech focus â€” 90 percent of its products are nano-sized material or thicknesses. One of nGimat's most recent innovations is a pigment for use in printer ink nanoengineered with transparent inor30 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
ganic molecules that impart a rock-like stability that will never fade. "We've demonstrated the brightly colored stable nanomaterials and are working with two or three companies that are very interested in bringing that to large-scale applications," Hunt says. "Another hot area is for metal nanoparticles in various media to enable printable conductive lines of smaller size and also for lead-free, low-temperature-based solder." Hunt points out that nGimat also works with a number of companies as well as Georgia Tech researchers to identify and develop nanoengineered solutions for new business needs. Companies such as nGimat are relatively few; the commercialization of nanotech products is still dependent upon research at corporate and university labs. Intellectual property created at Georgia Tech is administered by the Georgia Tech Research Corp., where enthusiasm for nanotechnology runs high. "Nanotechnology is so broad right now, it touches just about all areas of research," says Rosibel Ochoa, assistant director of the Office of Technology Licensing. "A lot of people are very interested in this field." When Georgia Tech's new nanotechnology facility is built, Ochoa expects to see a marked increase in commercial possibilities from the field. Among the more than 20 inventions in nanotechnology
developed by Georgia Tech researchers over the past two years, Ochoa's office has assembled several portfolios of intellectual property reflecting inventions that could help nanotechnology realize its potential in areas such as composites, catalysts and gas sensors for the detection of chemical and biological substances. In catalysis, for example, nanoparticles are relatively well-established, so further J scientific advances in that area are likely to reach commercialization sooner than innovations in some of the more esoteric applications, Ochoa points out. One reason, she explains, is that the technology is still quite new. Plus, many of the tools for handling, producing and manipulating nanoengineered materials are themselves still in the development phase. "You have to start from scratch and make the different kinds of tools that are required, Ochoa says. Predicting the impact of new technology is always risky business. Yet there seems little doubt that the very nature of nanotechnology will precipitate important changes â€” the only question is its timetable. The nanotech future was described in a March 2000 National Science Foundation report: "Nanotechnology will fundamentally transform science, technology and society. In 10 to 20 years, a significant proportion of industrial production, health care practice and environmental management will be changed by the new technology. Economic growth, personal opportunities, sustainable development and environmental preservation will be affected." Wang is a little less restrained in his assessment of nanotechnology's future, which he calls a "new industrial revolution." "Nanotechnology will fundamentally restructure the technologies currently used for manufacturing, medicine, defense, energy production, environmental management, transportation, communication, computation and education," he says, GT
Nanorings, complete circles formed by a spontaneous self-coiling process, could serve as nanometer-scale sensors, resonators and transducers. They could also be used for studying piezoelectric effects and other phenomena at the small scale.
"If we can raise the profile of nanotechnology and educate the people in Georgia about what it can mean to our state economically, I think we'll see increased activity, yield and investment in that area." â€” Jeff Stewart Spring 2004 'GEORGIA TECH
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J Caesar, a 27-year-old gorilla, hails from the Los Angeles Zoo, where he was born by Caesarian section. Caesar made his public debut at Zoo Atlanta in March.
Zoo Atlanta is building on Old Favorites, New Attractions
By Kimberly Link-Wills
ennis Kelly calls out to zoo workers and questions preschoolers about their favorite animals as he makes his way around the Grant Park grounds rattling off the names of endangered species, dates of monkey births and the numbers of animals in each exhibit. "For a 115-year-old zoo, we still feel like we're pretty young. We've got great plans for the next 10 years to rebuild the zoo again. We're going to increase the emphasis on small mammals. We're also going to focus on Georgia and the Southeast," says Kelly, ME 76, the Zoo Atlanta president and CEO. "We're going to go from 200 species to 300 over a 10year period. About 20 percent of our species are endangered. Half of the 20 percent we're actually breeding for their survival as part of a worldwide protection plan. "We have one of the best reptile collections in the world. We obviously have one of the best gorilla and orangutan collections. The African drill monkey is a great success of ours. We are the only zoo in America that is successfully breeding the drill, which is probably the most endangered primate in the world at the moment," says Kelly. On Nov. 30, the zoo welcomed a male Bornean orangutan, the second orangutan birth in less than a year and a half, bringing the zoo's population to 12, the largest in North America.
Kelly points out the reptile house, a structure built in the 1960s that has been updated once and is scheduled for another refurbishment within the next five years. "We've got some really rare species in there. We're breeding a Guatemalan beaded lizard. There are between 15 and 20 left on the planet and we have responsibility for six of them. If we and the San Diego Zoo don't breed them, they're going to go extinct," he says. Kelly gets his hands on Blue, a 15-year-old indigo snake that weighs more than 6 pounds. He holds up the snake as a grandmother videotapes and her grandchild gawks. He tells the child that the snake can be found in the wild right here in Georgia. The child, about 2, doesn't seem thrilled with the information. "We have one male and two female indigo snakes, which are indigenous to Georgia," Kelly says. "We're working with the Department of Natural Resources to try and bring that snake back. It's on the verge of being an endangered species and is just a gorgeous snake." Kelly has not found his small audience appreciative of the snake and moves on to the children's zoo, which is currently being revamped. When the new and improved Orkin Children's Zoo debuts May 1, it will offer an up-close look at five red kangaroos shipped in from Kansas City. The kangaroos will not be for petting, but zoo visitors will be able to get within about four feet of the marsupials. One of Kelly's favorite spots in the zoo overlooks the Spring 2004 â€˘GEORGIA TECH 33
gorilla habitat. He notes that many of the 23 gorillas — a colof the highest in the country. The cost of admission has risen lection only second in size to the Bronx Zoo — are either steadily over the last decade to $16.50 for adults and $11.50 young or old. for children. In comparison, admission is free at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., and at Lincoln Park Zoo in "We expect we'll see several of our gorillas pass away Chicago. The San Diego Zoo, which has 800 species on 100 over the next four or five years," Kelly says, adding that Zoo acres, charges $19.50 for adults and $11.75 for kids. Atlanta's care of the gorillas has enabled them to live to a ripe old age, like Willie B., who died at age 41. "I'm trying to figure out ways that we can be a zoo for all Atlantans," says Kelly, who launched an online coupon "Willie B. was unique, but Ivan is pretty special too. He was rescued from a shopping offering $5 off admission last Gary Meek center in Tacoma, Washington. summer. He has been with this family for The Atlanta Business a long time. He's one of our oldChronicle reported that zoo est silverbacks," he says. attendance in fiscal year 2002 was 695,373, down from 1 milLike Willie B., Ivan lived in lion in 2001 and 1.2 million in solitary confinement for 27 2000, when visitors flocked to years. Ivan, now pushing 40, Grant Park to see the new panarrived in Atlanta in 1994. das. Kelly is excited about Caesar, a 500-pound gorilla "All city-owned zoos other delivered from the Los Angeles than Zoo Atlanta are generally Zoo via FedEx Express. Caesar funded by the public. Zoo has just come out of a six-month Atlanta gets no support from quarantine to protect against the any government and has not transmission of hepatitis B. for over 13 years. We do struggle with the gap between what "Caesar was born at the we charge and what it takes to Los Angeles Zoo, the first gorilrun a great zoo. But we can do la in history, we believe, to be a great job because of the supborn by Caesarian section," port of great companies and Kelly says. "We're hoping he great individuals," Kelly says. takes over Willie B.'s family. Zoo Atlanta is calling the Caesar is 27 years old, the prime annual Beastly Feast, this year age for a gorilla. He has not set for May 15, the "South's bred before. Part of it was he most successful black tie gala," was a little overweight. He actuwith a goal of topping the $1 ally couldn't perform. But he's million fund-raising mark for lost about 100 pounds and we the seventh consecutive year. hope he's ready to be a father." "I'm real anxious to put Ask a silly question about a more money and effort into gorilla diet and Kelly fires back conservation and research with a good-humored answer. that's making a difference right "You wanna go on the gorilla here in the southeast United diet? Here's the gorilla diet: States while continuing our First, it's all fruits and vegetaefforts in places like China and bles. Second, they make you One of Zoo Atlanta's most popular exhibits is the $4.5 milAfrica," Kelly says. take off all your clothes and live lion Ford African Rain Forest, a naturalistic habitat that is in a glass-walled room for six He does not see the aquarihome to 23 gorillas, a collection second in size only to the months and they throw your Bronx Zoo. Five red kangaroos from Kansas City are the um currently under construcfood on the floor. You will lose a latest arrivals at the 115-year-old zoo. tion in Atlanta as competition. lot of weight." "I think the Georgia Aquarium is going to be a great, great thing for Atlanta. We see the aquarium as an opportuniKelly moves the conversation back on track and shows ty to collaborate on a whole range of issues. We both have the off a new clinic for gorillas and orangutans that looks much same mission elements: education, conservation and a great, like a hospital emergency room. "Some of the best success in breeding gorillas in captivi- fun family experience," Kelly says. ty has taken place at Zoo Atlanta. If anybody can do it, we "Both of us have the vision that if we do our jobs well, can." species and their environments will be protected for future Kelly does worry about Zoo Atlanta's ticket prices, some generations."
34 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
Worst to First
It was Maple who freed Willie B. from his cell in 1988 to live out his life in a $4.5 million naturalistic habitat with his own kind. After living alone for 27 years, Willie B. adapted Pandas propel Zoo Atlanta to research forefront and thrived, siring seven offspring — five of which remain at Zoo Atlanta — before his death in February 2000 at age 41. It was Maple who negotiated an agreement with the oo Atlanta owes its start to a bankrupt circus and a generous Atlanta businessman. On March 28,1889, Chinese government that brought Zoo Atlanta's current most Caroline Joe famous occupants — the panlumber dealer George das Lun Lun and Yang Yang V. Gress and railroad contractor — to their new home on Nov. Thomas J. James bought the trav5,1999. eling circus at an auction at the Fulton County Courthouse for Officially, the giant pan$4,485. das are on loan for 10 years. The zoo hopes the relationship James wanted the circus will last much longer. In wagons and railroad cars for his exchange for the pandas, Zoo business. Gress offered the aniAtlanta is giving the People's mals — which the Grant Park Republic of China $1 million Conservancy says included a annually for scientific study hyena, four lions, a black bear, a and conservation efforts. Only jaguar, an elk, a Mexican hog, about 1,000 pandas remain in two deer, a gazelle, a camel, two the wild as man has monkeys and two serpents — to encroached upon China's the city of Atlanta. Gress also bamboo forests. shelled out the money for construction of a brick building to Maple often said his goal house the animals in Grant Park. was to make Zoo Atlanta "the world's first truly scientific Gress' generosity to the city zoo" and called the $7 million would continue. In 1893, he and panda enclosure with its 16 Charles Northern bought the video cameras monitoring Cyclorama's "Battle of Atlanta" every move an instrument of painting. While the Cyclorama education. has always captivated visitors, Zoo Atlanta hasn't always been Maple has since returned the greatest show on Earth. to Tech to direct the new Although one of the oldest in the Center for Conservation and country, the zoo was not one of Behavior. But the pandas have the most beloved. In fact, by the remained in the spotlight — 1970s, Zoo Atlanta was ranked as and not just because they are one of the worst in the nation. Its photogenic and only three silverback gorilla, Willie B., lanother zoos in the nation have guished in a cage, perhaps drivthem. Zoo Atlanta and its panen mad by boredom with only a das are at the forefront of scitire swing and a television for entific research. Tech alumni behind the scenes at the zoo include, top entertainment. Watching over Lun Lun photo, multimedia assistant Adam Thompson, STC 02; membership coordinator Kelli Sherrill, Mgt 00, above left; and Yang Yang is Rebecca The zoo's turnaround is by and Web graphics designer Rebecca Scheel, ID 02. Snyder, MS Psych 96, PhD 00, now a story familiar to the Tech one of the world's foremost authorities on panda behavior. community, for it was a psychology professor named Terry She has studied Lun Lun, the female born on Aug. 25,1997, Maple who, during his 17-year reign as CEO and president, and Yang Yang almost from birth. built its reputation as a world-class institution and leading facility on naturalistic enclosures and animal research. Snyder was the first Georgia Tech graduate student to go
Maple often said his goal was to malce Zoo Atlanta "the world's first truly scientific zoo." Zoo Atlanta and its pandas are at the forefront o f research. Spring 2004 'GEORGIA TECH 35
- - •
Rebecca Snyder, MS Psych 96, PhD 00, upper right, one of the world's foremost authorities on panda behavior, observes Yang Yang.
to China to study pandas, according to Maple, who has called her the pioneer who broke the ground and laid the foundation. "Rebecca is at the forefront of panda science. She really established a presence in China for us. I call it 'intellectual capital' that Georgia Tech helped to develop and the zoo now has within it to continue," Maple says. Snyder says she enrolled at Tech specifically for the opportunity to work with Maple and because of the Institute's close ties with Zoo Atlanta. She was in Chengdu, where the zoo now maintains an apartment, when
36 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
Yang Yang, the male, was born on Sept. 9,1997. Yang Yang was his mother's first cub and Snyder watched as the baby began vocalizing and his mother, Ya Ya, looked at him in a surprised way. Then Ya Ya smelled him, picked him up and began cradling him. Of the money sent to China thus far, $400,000 went toward construction of a panda nursery. A price tag can't be put on the scientific contributions Zoo Atlanta has made. "We contributed to the design and provided ideas for enrichment items in the nursery, climbing structures for example, and we made it easier for
males and females to communicate with each other. The nursery is where the research base staff conducts the breeding introductions in the spring," says Snyder, now the curator of giant panda research and management at Zoo Atlanta. Research at Zoo Atlanta and in China has included reproductive behavior, maternal behavior, developmental behavior, positive reinforcement training, cognition and enclosure design and use. Several pandas at the Chengdu Research Base have been kept together with their mothers for more than a year, which comes closer to the
•*• \* fh v <• t <4» ' •* .Ur • *
time they'd spend together in the wild, rather than the six months they traditionally have been given in captivity to increase captive birth rates. Chinese scientists have also turned to baby swapping. Pandas give birth to twins more than 50 percent of the time, but the mothers usually reject one cub. Tn the Chengdu nursery, one cub is put with the mother. After nursing and nurturing, the cub is switched for its twin. The mother rears two offspring while only caring for one at a time. "We have made some interesting
discoveries about the relationship between giant panda mothers and cubs. It is a unique relationship because a cub typically grows up with its mother as its only social companion. Mothers make a big investment in their cubs and captive pandas spend a significant amount of time playing with their cubs," Snyder says. "We have found that when a cub has both its mother and a sibling as play partners, the cub will spend more time playing with its mother. In other carnivores, young animals mainly play with their siblings. "We have also found that young males spend more time play fighting and engage in rougher play than young females. This might prepare males for competition for mates in adulthood," she says. Dennis Kelly, ME 76, who succeeded Maple as zoo president and CEO, says the Chinese are interested in maintaining a strong relationship with Zoo Atlanta because of Snyder's work "Dr. Snyder is probably the leading expert on panda behavior, particularly maternal behavior, in the world," Kelly says. Snyder does believe Lun Lun and Yang Yang recognize her. "But I am not a very important figure in their lives because I rarely feed them and I don't train them. They have a much closer bond with the keepers," she says. "All of our interactions with the pandas are through a barrier." Snyder hopes to remain involved in panda research for the duration of her career. "My hope is that people appreciate and respect the giant panda as one of millions of fascinating, beautiful and irreplaceable living beings that share this planet," Snyder says. "I care deeply about their future and want to encourage others to care about it too." At Zoo Atlanta in early March, Snyder was carefully monitoring Lun Lun for signs of breeding behaviors. There are huge hopes that she can
deliver a tiny bundle of joy — the size of a stick of butter — late this summer. The giant panda keepers at Zoo Atlanta have been training Lun Lun to undergo ultrasound testing. But because a panda fetus is so very small, it won't be visible even by ultrasound until just a few weeks before birth. Lun Lun was expected to be fertile for only a couple of days in late March. But no one will know if she's actually expecting until summer. All female pandas that are reproductively mature show signs of pregnancy. "Some females that experience what we call pseudo pregnancy, a false pregnancy, will actually show nesting behavior and the same hormonal changes as a pregnant female," Snyder says. Kelly and Snyder had hoped a pregnancy would be achieved the oldfashioned way. But Lun Lun was artificially inseminated after Yang Yang failed to pick up the mating signals. The zoo staff had already prepared to try to collect semen from Yang Yang or obtain it from the San Diego Zoo. Maple says a panda birth in Atlanta would be "huge" for the zoo. "Number One, it just peaks interest. The more people who are interested and visiting the stronger the zoo will be financially and the more it will be able to do in the area of conservation," Maple says. "At the same time, it also focuses attention on the scientific work that we're doing with the pandas. The whole purpose of our program is to better understand the way pandas are socialized, the way they develop and that requires babies in order to be able to study that process. "We have a lot of baby pandas that we're following in China, but this pair in Atlanta will allow everybody to have a window on this study that we're engaged in," Maple says. "And I think it's going to be a lot of fun for the people who support the zoo and for the zoo staff themselves."
"Mu hope is that people appreciate and respect the giant panda as one of millions of fascinating, beautiful and irreplaceable living beings." Spring 2004 'GEORGIA TECH 3 7
Leader o f the Pack Zoo Atlanta president and CEO Dennis Kelly is a risk taker
oo Atlanta's leader of the pack has a head for business. ' Dennis Kelly ME 76, was hired as president and CEO last summer to continue the momentum initiated by former director Terry Maple. "Terry had built such a great collection and the animal care staff and the veterinary staff here are so strong that he and the board agreed that they would look for somebody who had both marketing skills and could continue to build the fund-raising expertise. Those are demonstrated skills that I have," Kelly says. "In my last job, as CEO of a small, growing company I was raising money for Green Mountain Energy, which markets environmentally friendly electricity to consumers. I raised almost $200 million in equity and debt," Kelly says. "Selling a concept is not new to me. The approach is the same here. We're selling something that's important to the community â€” and to the planet. We're not asking for donations, we're asking for investments. All of our jobs here at Zoo Atlanta are to be good stewards of those investments." In February 2002, Fortune Small Business magazine profiled Kelly as one of "The New Risk Takers." Kelly was credited for taking a bold step when the "utility-deregulation movement was flickering out." His plan, the article says, challenged Green Mountain's "very underpinnings: its staunch support of deregulation. He brought forward an idea that had been kicking around since the company's founding in 1997 â€” utility partnering. Green Mountain could hook up with existing utilities and offer their customers the option of a green energy source." He joined Green Mountain Energy in 1999 and steered the company to become one of the leading marketers of cleaner electricity, made from wind, solar, hydro and natural gas. During his 38 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
tenure, annual sales grew from $60,000 to $250 million and the customer base grew from 50,000 households in two states to more than 500,000 in seven states. Kelly had moved Green Mountain headquarters from Vermont to Texas and was commuting between Atlanta and Austin when he was contacted by a headhunter. "I thought he had the wrong person," Kelly says. "But he explained that Dr. Maple and the board were looking for somebody with a business background, particularly marketing and fund raising. What attracted me was the opportunity to get involved in an Atlanta institution. I was ready to do something where my skills matched the needs of the organization. What Terry and the team he built did to turn the zoo around is a huge success story. Building on that legacy was intriguing to me and a great challenge for me at this stage of my career." Maple says he left the zoo in good hands. "Dennis has the right mix of business savvy and a clear understanding of the vision of Zoo Atlanta. You've really got to know what's possible in the zoo business and work very hard to keep our zoo in the leadership role. It's going to take very skillful leadership to do that. I think he's got everything that a leader would need in order to do that," Maple says. "He's a winner. He knows how to lead and he's a quick study. That's one thing I've noticed about him. He came in there, never having run a zoo before, and it didn't take him long to figure out what to do and how to deal with a lot of the complicated issues of managing an institution of this kind. "Obviously, he had very good scientific training from his time at Georgia Tech. Then he went on to the world of business and has been successful. I think the business and scientific training is a great combination. When I
heard he was a Georgia Tech graduate, I knew we were going to be OK," Maple says. Kelly was born in Germany while his father, a career military man, was stationed there. The family moved to Atlanta when he was 3. Kelly served two years in the Army before enrolling at Tech. "What attracted me to Tech was the success of its graduates. The graduates I knew were confident and happy in what they did and I felt Tech better equipped people to be successful at a very early age," he says. "The education I received at Tech is one of the best things that I have ever done. More than anything it taught me to think, taught me how to do analysis and turn analysis into action." After graduation, Kelly worked as an engineer for Procter & Gamble for four years before heading to Harvard for an MBA. He worked at The CocaCola Co. in global and strategic marketing from 1982 to 1999. "Running organizations is both a science and an art. I've had the good fortune at places like Coca-Cola and Green Mountain to run large and small organizations and making people more effective is something I really enjoy doing. Corporations and nonprofits at the end of the day are all about getting groups of people focused and motivated, getting them resources and then removing barriers to success," Kelly says. "Whenever I take over a new role, I always immediately meet with the existing team. I've learned that it is best to be brutally honest about what I hope to accomplish and what my skills are and what my skills are not and set as
clearly as I can what my hopes and expectations arc." Kelly told the Zoo Atlanta staff, which grows from 150 to 300 during the peak visitor season and includes another 200 volunteers, that he has three goals. "First and foremost is maintaining the standard of world-class animal care. Second, I wanted to quickly focus on marketing the zoo, which we're making great progress on. The third thing I said I was going to do was continue the zoo's move toward financial sustainability. We're making good progress in that regard, but we're not there yet." He says his typical day hasn't changed that much since taking the helm at Zoo Atlanta. "In some respects, it's similar to any executive's â€” dealing with finance and human resources and community relations and fund raising. The real difference is that when I have a meeting, it's often in front of a gorilla or a goat or a monkey. And I get to handle a snake at lunchtime. "I'm learning all the time. I think the great thing about a place like Zoo Atlanta is everybody here, whether you've been here a week or 30 years, is still learning," Kelly says. "I feel I have tons more to learn. But that's not crucial to what I have to do. What I have to do is motivate and hire the best professionals I can, get the resources they need and get out of the way and let them do their jobs." Still, Kelly turned to a family member before accepting Zoo Atlanta's offer. "I brought my 3-year-old grandson, Owen, to test the zoo. It passed with flying colors, both from his perspective and mine."
"Obviously, be bad very good scientific training from bis time at Georgia Teck Tben be went on t o tbe world o f business and bas been successful. I think tbe business and scientific training is a great combination. Wben I beard be was a Georgia Tecb graduate, I knew we were going to be OK," Spring 2004 â€˘ GEORGIA TECH 3 9
lech's New Research H U D Terry Maple moves on to found, direct Center for Conservation and Behavior
erry Maple concedes that it was not easy to leave the zoo he had worked so hard to build. "I had spent 17 years there and I was a little bit surprised how difficult it was to make the transition. I do miss it. I miss being there. I miss working with those wonderful people and working with people in our community, but I have just taken on a different role," Maple says. "I have so many things that I'm working on now that will benefit the zoo in the scientific arena and the educational arena and 1 feel like this is the best place for me at this stage of my career." That best place is the new Center for Conservation and Behavior at Georgia Tech. The opportunity to found and direct the center lured Maple back to campus full time last year. "I am trying to find a consistent and sustainable funding source so that there can be a lot of intellectual power behind the ideas at the zoo. If you can get substantial endowments so that you can attract scientists and educators to work with the zoo on problems that are not day to day but long term, then you increase the ability of the zoo not to just manage the animals but to stay ahead of very challenging issues in conservation and management," he says. "We have a pretty good endowment behind us already. There's a total of $3 million that has been raised," money Maple says has come from private sources to support both the zoo and the Center for Conservation and Behavior. "Most of that money goes to support training young, bright people who arc really doing good work." Former Tech students supported by the center include Tara Stoinski, PhD 00, the manager of conservation and partnerships for Zoo Atlanta currently in Africa studying mountain gorillas. "She's really brilliant and doing great work. I'm really proud of what she's doing," Maple says. "There's a lot going on now, but there's going to be a lot more going on in the future. There's a very, very close partnership with the zoo, things I've worked my whole career to develop," he says. "The center is a continuation. You might call it an upgrade or an enhancement of my life career. I've always done research with animals around the world and at the zoo. I had students working with me all the time I was at the zoo. All we did here was increase the focus." Maple is increasing the center's focus from the renovated J.S. Coon Building in the School of Psychology, which donated him office and conference space. "Right now I'm concentrating on endowments and the 40 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
Terry Maple heads the new Center for Conservation and Behavior and says Georgia Tech is going to have a major influence on how zoos across the country are run.
tools that will allow us to continue to do research. We have a lot of ambition for this center, but 1 don't want to spread all the ideas right now. I want to keep some secrets until we have a chance to fund them. We have some big ideas, but right now the most important thing is maintaining the momentum, providing the zoo with the intellectual resources and the person power," he says, stressing the word person because the majority of his graduate students are women. "I've had good luck recruiting brilliant young students. They've all gone on to wonderful jobs. I call them 'professors in the zoo.' There are about a dozen people out there in major positions in zoos around this country who are doing wonderful work and they're all graduates of my program," Maple says. "One of the things that Georgia Tech is doing that's very significant by partnering with the zoo is we're producing talented young professionals who are not only going to help this zoo, they're going to help all zoos. Georgia Tech is going to have a major influence on how zoos are run." GT
Supporting Music At Georgia Te During this school year, Georgia Tech Music students and faculty have benefited from the use of quality new Yamaha Pianos, Yamaha Disklaviers, and Yamaha Clavinovas. These outstanding pianos are loaned to us by England Piano & Yamaha Corporation of America at no cost. This generous program allows us to use outstanding pianos on a daily basis; pianos that are well beyond our budget capacity At the end of this school year, these pianos will be made available for purchase at very reduced prices to the Georgia Tech Alumni, Faculty, and Staff. These pianos are less than one year old, have been meticulously maintained, and come with a new warranty Please support the Georgia Tech Music Frank Clark, Ph.D. Department with your purchase. Having quality Director & Professor pianos is essential to providing the best Music Department education for our Georgia Tech students.
Preview Appointments for GT Faculty, Staff, & Alumni. Call 678-985-8586 Now to schedule your Appointment
Event will be held at the Couch Music Building Friday & Saturday, April 30 & May 1
Financing, delivery, and warranty services will be provided by England Piano. Any remaining pianos will be sold to the general public on Sunday, May 2.
Georgia Tech ENGLAND US1C Dept. PIANO
Stress. It's a word as common to the workplace as paycheck. And dealing with the stress of pressure-cooker jobs can be difficult. How do Georgia Tech alumni in high-pressure careers find relief? Their pursuits range from the daredevilish to the down to earth. Some are tranquil and solitary; others are grueling and competitive. They take them from the top of a Hog to soaring in the heavens. But whatever the course, these outlets have a common goal. They are all ...
s tT r o e s s
Bt JSTERS < Adrenaline Splash It's impossible to answer a cell phone or reply to an e-mail when you're just trying to stay afloat. That's why Don Kinser, CEO and founder of EDI Ltd., loves Whitewater canoeing. EDI is an Atlanta company specializing in technology, security and audiovisual systems consulting and engineering. Kinser, ME 82, gets away from it all by getting into his specially outfitted Whitewater canoe and racing the rapids. "It's absolutely a great stress reliever," says Kinser. We're not talking about a Sunday afternoon glide on a rippleless lake. Kinser favors Class V rapids, only the second most difficult to navigate, with names the organization American Whitewater lists as Damnation Alley, Screaming Left Turn, Big Splat and Slaughterhouse Falls. Kinser's canoes, outfitted with air bags and thigh straps,
each cost about $1,100. Because they take such a beating on the rocks, the canoes have to be replaced about every 13 months. Kinser can't focus on problems at the office when he's shooting a rapid â€” something he does about 60 days a year on the Chattooga River and its tributaries in Georgia and anywhere he finds unspoiled Whitewaters from Alabama to Colorado to the Pacific Northwest to West Virginia. A Whitewater canoeist has to remain focused on staying in one piece in an endurance sport that's as much a test of one's mental strength as physical. "It's also great physical exercise," says Kinser, who acknowledges that split-second decisions and a calm demeanor have helped him escape some close calls. He returns to the rapids again and again for those adrenaline splashes. "Going over a 35-foot waterfall is a pretty big rush." â€” Kimberly Link-Wills Spring 2004 'GEORGIA TECH 4 3
Joy Between the Traces
A Nice and Easy Riders Randy Thompson, ID 75, and his wife, Jackie, dressed head to toe in protective leather and full-face helmets, look the part of 21st century "Easy Riders" as they rumble down the highway astride their Harley-Davidson motorcycles. "When Jackie was pregnant with our daughter 22 years ago, I had four bikes, but I got rid of them when Heather was born," Thompson says, "For my 50th birthday, Jackie bought me this Harley Heritage Softtail. We rode together for a while and one day I asked her if she wanted to ride behind me or did she want her own. The next day she picked out a Harley Low Rider and we've been going ever since." Although he got out of Georgia Tech with a degree in industrial design, Thompson says he never had any urge to go to Detroit to design motor vehicles. Instead, he started working for his future father-in-law, Walter Boomershine, IM 51, who owned several automobile dealerships in Atlanta. Nine years ago Thompson bought the Honda dealership in Cartersville, Ga., and recently opened another in Rockmart, Ga. Thompson says the daily stress evaporates as soon as he cranks the Harley. "We get out and putter around with friends or go on charity rides," he says. "It really relieves the stress of doing business every day — just to get out in the country and feel the wind in your face and hear that big motor rumble. Living in Cartersville, you have country roads in almost every direction. What is really nice is when Heather, a junior management student at Tech, comes up and goes riding with us. That's cool." — Neil B. McGahee 4 4 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
Bill Sanders trusts any of his trotters to carry a glass of water on its back without spilling a drop. Sanders, MS CP 66, is owner of Sandtopia Valley Farms, a 4,000-acre spread in Stevenson, Ala,, home to his 55 standardbred trotters. He trains about two dozen of them to race with sulkies behind them for harness racing. "We breed them for the trot or the pace," says Sanders, a former football player. "They go almost as fast as thoroughbreds, but what I like about it is the hands-on training. I'm too large to ride a thoroughbred, but I can train my horses myself. It is also a much more intricate training to make them go in a level gait. It's just beautiful to watch and I was entranced by it." A real estate developer, Sanders and his wife, Laney, own Trotters Place Inc., an Alabama-based development company. He spent 24 years in Atlanta development with the Sanbury Corp., a firm he founded and has since sold. Sanders also serves on the board of directors of the United States Trotting Association. "There are two things that are very addictive and I happen to be into both of them — real estate development and racing horses," Sanders says. "I have a very full development schedule, but I spend two full days a week training these horses myself." Sanders bought the farm while he was in Atlanta, first for his late father, Sam Sanders, who became involved in harness racing in his retirement years. "I got addicted to it as well," Sanders says. He has had some success, including Sand Squaw, the 2002 Ohio Horse of the Year, and Sand Vic, 2003 Kentucky State Champion and fourth-place finisher against some of the best trotters in the world at The Meadowlands Racetrack in New Jersey in November. The thrill he gets from training his horses and following them around the country to watch them race is age-old, Sanders says. "There's no experience like seeing your horse sticking its head out at the front of the pack going for $100,000," Sanders says. — Maria M. Lameiras
Swatting Stress It's the computer bugs in the middle of the night that distress Kim Seijo, a systems engineer for Shaw Carpets in Cartersville, Ga. She de-stresses by swatting volleyballs. Seijo, TE 93, writes codes and programs to assist the plant associates on the production floor. "My codes might assist plant managers by scheduling production orders or reporting the overall production and performance of a plant," she says. "We operate on time lines, so we don't always have the time needed to test codes or systems. It's very critical to be able to test up front to avoid bugs in the system. That's my main stress. I want users to be able to test my codes completely so I don't have to get a call in the middle of the night that I've shut down their plant." Seijo finds there's nothing better for stress than going up and "killing" a volleyball, something she does every Monday evening in a women's league in Kennesaw, Ga. "I played volleyball in high school and I wanted to play in college," she says. "But I was in the co-op program and there was just no time for that. I did play some at SAC — especially the weekend tournaments." Seijo's league plays regulation NCAA volleyball. "We even have some former college players out there," she says. "After a long, hard day at the office, it's a great way to wind down." - Neil B. McGahee
> Solace on the Fly When Richard Baker tires of the daily grind, he heads for the hills — and the trout streams. Baker, IM 64, a commercial real estate broker in Charlotte, N.C., is an avid fly fisherman, "Fly-fishing is a spiritual thing for me," Baker says. "You experience the tranquility — a closeness to your maker when you're out there. It's completely relaxing because you can't do it if you're thinking about anything else. I tell that to other people and they don't know what I'm talking about." He is as hooked on fly-fishing as the trout he pursues. "I'm a homemade fisherman. I like to build my own rods and tie my own flies and play with all the gadgets almost as much as I like the fishing." Baker admits that he was a worm dunker before he saw the light. "I worked years ago with a guy and when we would go fishing he always used a fly rod," he says. "I used a spinner, but he consistently worked less and caught more fish. I got to thinking about
that, so I gave it a try and the next thing you know, I had a fly rod too." Although Charlotte is a couple of hours from the nearest trout stream, Baker isn't deterred. "I can drive three hours south and
be in some fine trout waters in the Smokey Mountains. I practice catch and release. I like to think I can catch them again, because a trout is too valuable to be caught only once." - Neil B. McGahee Spring 2004 .GEORGIA TECH 4 5
Y Model Engineer
A Barnstormer A half dozen times a year, Pat Epps climbs into his 1974 single-engine Beechcraft Bonanza and flies stunts in air shows. Epps, ME 56, president and owner of Epps Aviation located at DeKalb-Peachtree Airport in Atlanta, has never been a spend-your-career-behind-a-desk kind of guy. In 1980, Epps, accompanied by Atlanta architect and pilot Richard Taylor, M Arch 64, flew the Bonanza to the North Pole, where they "rolled" the magnetic North Pole and performed several acrobatic stunts. Epps founded the Greenland Expedition Society to find "The Lost Squadron" — six P-38 Lightnings and two B17 Flying Fortress bombers that were ditched in Greenland during an Arctic blizzard in 1942. Although the crew was rescued, the planes were left on the ice cap. "I spent seven summers vacationing on the glacier in Greenland," Epps says of the adventure. He and Taylor led a team that found the squadron in 1989 and reclaimed one of the P-38s. The son of Georgia's first aviator, Ben T. Epps, says his fascination with flying grew while in the Air Force ROTC at Georgia Tech. His first job after graduation from Tech was as a flight test engineer with Boeing, followed by a six-year tour of duty as a pilot in the Air Force. In 1965, he started Epps Aviation, which included a flight school that he sold three years ago. "I started acrobatic flying in 1975," he says. "I do the old, classic stuff — loops and rolls." Epps, 70, laughs that his wife of 47 years, Ann, "still tolerates" his barnstorming exploits, Two of the main air shows he performs in are the Sun-N-Fun at Lakeland, Fla., and the OshKosh show at DeKalb-Peachtree Airport. The next show is scheduled for June 5. "I plan to do it," he says, — John Dunn 4 6 GEORGIA TECH • Spring 2004
In 1951 at the age of 4, John B. Carter Jr. received five Lionel 027 gauge cars — a Christmas present that created a lifelong fascination with model railroad trains. "It's a true engineer's toy," says Carter, IE 69, president of the Georgia Tech Foundation. "When you're dealing with model trains, something will go wrong. It's either mechanical or electrical. When it breaks, you've got to fix it. You've got maintenance and you've got fun." Carter still has the original five model cars and they all operate. "I've kept them all these years and I've kept adding to them," he says of the collection that now numbers about 70 cars. Carter has also designed an impressive scenic landscape of track, bridges, trestles and mountains spread across three sheets of plywood. "It takes a month just to set up," he says. "When you're working with model trains, there are no phones and no computers," Carter says. "You revert back to your childhood memories and you have a good time. It's a great release," — John Dunn
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High Performance Once a week, Pete Petit climbs into the cockpit of a Russian L-39 jet trainer fighter plane and blasts off to where he can "wring it out." The plane climbs to 16,400 feet in under five minutes, accelerates to 435 mph and soars to 36,000 feet. "You don't usually go sightseeing in this plane," says Petit, ME 62, MS EM 64. "It's really a high-performance jet." Parker H. Petit is chairman, president and CEO of Matria Healthcare of Marietta, Ga., and has been flying for 40 years. After graduating from Georgia Tech, he was a flight instructor for the U.S. Army and, as an engineer with Lockheed Martin, he was the flight instructor for the company's flying club. A half dozen years ago, Petit flew a T-34 aircraft equipped with laser guns and sensors in a mock combat competition with
other pilots in a game of aerial laser tag. An ace pilot, Petit won the tournament competition one year. CNBC television featured Petit and his company in its "Out of the Box" program that was scheduled to air in March. The television crew took footage of Petit flying his jet. "To me, flying is a matter of continuously correcting mistakes, because that's all that you're doing when you're flying — that's an analogy to business. If you're running a business, you'd better be continually correcting mistakes," Petit says. "When I fly, I get everything off my mind except my flying. I'm always doing something when I'm flying in terms of trying to do a maneuver better. You get instant feedback with flying — that's the thing I enjoy most. It's a mental and physical exercise that gives you instant feedback on what you're doing and I enjoy that." — John Dunn
Spring2004 'GEORGIATECH 4 7
WZYP ROCKET CITY V Ironman Endurance Bill Murphy began the first leg of his journey to becoming an Ironman 10 years ago. "It had a lot to do with being 29 and turning 30," says Murphy, EE 87, MS EE 91, an engineer with Scientific Atlanta. "I felt myself getting older." Murphy began running with a 50-year-old colleague. "He cooked my goose. That's when I caught the running bug." He ran in several marathons and achieved a personal goal in 1998 — running the Boston Marathon in under three hours. He also started cross training in swimming. He soon added biking to the program, "One thing I've learned is that a triathlon is really good for people who aren't great at one particular sport," he says. "You can be a pretty good runner, a pretty good cyclist, a pretty good swimmer and be an excellent triathlon athlete." Murphy began competing in international distance race events, which include swimming 1.5 kilometers, biking 40 kilometers and running 10 kilometers. Last November, just before turning 40, he competed in the Ironman Florida Triathlon and qualified for the world championship next October in Hawaii. "I was pleased with my race," says Murphy, who finished sixth in his age group. Because the five faster times were by foreigners, he holds the American record for his age category at Ironman Florida. Now Murphy looks forward to Hawaii. "That's been one of my dreams," he says. "It's an event I'll be happy doing." — John Dunn
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A Marathon Man Of the 51 marathons Ray Moses Jr. has run, one stands out as extraordinary — the Rocket City Marathon on Dec. 10, 1994, when he and his wife, Alice, got married. "We ran 20 miles, got married and then ran the other six miles," recalls Moses, AE 64, of Huntsville, Ala., a retired Boeing engineer. Moses began running 20 years ago because of hypertension. He is a member of the Huntsville Track Club, of which Dave Purinton, AE 90, MS AE 91, is president. "I've run more marathons, but he's a lot faster," says Moses, who, during a 40-career, worked on the space shuttle when it was called the orbitor, the Viking before it was called the Viking and "the national aerospace plane," which never got built. He ended his career at Boeing working on the space station. After retiring he taught aerospace engineering in Sweden and astronomy in Korea. "I was in Lapland for 18 months, through two winters and one summer, and I taught in the Swedish Space Engineers Program at the Umea University branch at Kiruna, an ironmining town on the world's northernmost railroad," he says. "My wife and I ran all winter when we lived in Lapland. The Swedes thought we were crazy." — John Dunn
Warren Kitchens knows Ironman training can run roughshod over everything else, so when he incorporated it into his lifestyle, he let it compete with everything else. "I use Ironman and triathlon training as part of a healthy lifestyle," says Kitchens, BC 91. "I train as much as I can, but I try to balance that with soccer games, school and the PTA. "My 'IronWife' and 'IronKids' provide incredible support and inspiration, with most of my training done at times that do not interfere with our active family schedule," he says. Ironman training is also juggled to fit around his career as a senior manager with Ernst & Young in Atlanta. Kitchens ran cross-country and track in high school and resumed running after graduating from Tech. "I slowly got back into it — running and biking. Somewhere during the next 10 years, I worked my way up to marathons. I eventually tried this crazy Ironman thing." He competed in the Ironman Florida in 2001, the Great Florida Iron Distance in 2002 and the Ironman Florida again in November, qualifying for the world championship in Hawaii. "There were 14 people who qualified in my age group and I was No. 12. After racing all day for nine hours and 48 minutes, I ended up qualifying by a minute and 24 seconds." He will compete in the Ironman Triathlon World Championship in Kona, Hawaii, in October. He plans to make it a family event. "My family and I are flying out there for two weeks — hopefully my bicycle will make it." — John Dunn
Asthmatic to Athletic
When she was 7, Ashley Espy's doctors told her parents she needed exercise to help her asthma. "They wanted me to do cardiovascular exercise to improve my breathing. Swimming is actually best, but our small town didn't have a swim team, so I started running," says Espy, Phys 00. She hasn't stopped running. Espy was on the track team throughout middle and high school and was a member of Georgia Tech's women's track team. Now a PhD candidate in astronomy at the University of Florida, where she earned her master's degree last spring, Espy trains with the competitive division of the Florida Track Club and completed her first marathon in December. She has also qualified for this year's Boston Marathon. "I run every day twice a day. In the mornings I run about eight miles, then seven to 12 miles at night, depending on if I am running on my own or with the track club," she says. "I run 20 miles every Saturday." Espy says running serves as a mental release for her. "It really does relieve stress. Last spring while I was finishing my master's degree, there were so many things I had to do I thought I might take some time off from running, but I think it would have been worse if I had," says Espy. "It's something I really look forward to every day. I've actually solved problems while running." — Maria M, Lameiras
Spring2004 'GEORGIATECH 4 9
< To the Point Coe A. Bloomberg, one of California's high-profile "super lawyers" and a Georgia Tech letterman, has discovered a talent for needlepoint. Bloomberg, ME 66, an attorney with Jones Day Reavis & Progue in Los Angeles and a past president of the Georgia Tech Club in Southern California, says he stumbled into his pastime. "I was in a trial in London. I was walking from my hotel to the courthouse. I went by a shop window and they had a pillow in the window with a black lab's head on it. It looked just like the black lab that I loved dearly and that I have had for many years," Bloomberg says. But when Bloomberg went inside to buy the pillow, it wasn't for sale. "It turned out that it was a needlepoint shop," Bloomberg says. "The pillow was just a sample of what you could do. I thought, 'Well, I'll give it a try.'" During the past half dozen years, Bloomberg has become very good at his craft. "What I have done for the last few years is a religious piece during Lent," says Bloomberg, who is Catholic. "I've started one for Lent this year." After graduating from Tech, where he lettered in swimming, he earned his juris doctor with special recognition from Loyola of Los Angeles. His area of practice is intellectual property in the fields of biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and medical devices. He and his wife, Kathy, have two grown children and live in Pacific Palisades, Calif. Bloomberg enjoys keeping in shape working out with weights five days a week, but he finds needlepoint relaxing. "It's not as intensive a concentration," he says. "You can do needlepoint and reflect on things, think about issues. I sometimes have my best ideas when I'm doing needlepoint." â€” John Dunn
A Stress-free Fast Lane Larry Huang accelerated his passion for sports car racing to a new level this year â€” and the vehicle he's driving bears the Georgia Tech logo and the school colors. Huang, IM 73, is co-founder of Ciena Corp., an optical communications company, and serves on the Georgia Tech Foundation Board of Trustees. He endowed the Lawrence P. Huang Chair in Engineering Entrepreneurship at Georgia Tech and committed $5 million to the Huang Executive Education Center in the College of Management. The Georgia Tech car driven by Huang, a No. 39 Crawford Manufactured Daytona Prototype, made its debut at the Grand Prix of Miami at Homestead-Miami Speedway on Feb. 26 sponsored by Silverstone Racing. Huang is paired with Chris Hall, a former champion Formula Ford driver who is also the co-founder and operator of Silverstone Racing. "It was a brand new car delivered a few weeks before the Homestead race, which was the first time we actually ran the car," Huang says. "We had a good race. We finished 10th overall out of about 45 cars." Among the competitors he beat was actor and racing enthusiast Paul Newman. "We had a power steering system fail after about one-third of the race, so we drove the rest of the race without power steering, which was very, very difficult," Huang says.
Huang began racing seriously in 2000, competing in Sports Car Club of America amateur events. He successfully competed in the Ferrari Challenge Series and took the overall championship in the 2002 Panoz Racing Series. Huang drove a No. 39 Corvette in the 2003 Grand-Am Series, in which he and Hall finished third at Barber Motorsport Park. "We decided to step up to the top level of competition the Rolex series," Huang says. The Georgia Tech car will compete in the 11 races of the 2004 Grand American Rolex Sports Car Series. "We've entered into a kind of a partnership with Georgia Tech," he says. "We're using some of GT Motorsports' mechanical engineering students as part of our crew and we're using some of the business school students to help market ^ j j
the c a r '" ftk Joining Silverstone Racing as trackside engiHjl noors and members of the pit crew this season are Matt Stephens, Scott Flanagan and Kevin Bray, all members of GT Motorsports, Tech's Formula student racing team. When he's out of the car watching a race, Huang says the tremendous sense of speed "makes you stand back a little." But it's different competing in the race. "Actually, when you're in the car and you hit 190 like we did at Daytona, you don't get much sensation of speed." â€” John Dunn Spring 2004 'GEORGIA TECH 5 1
A A Precise Art Catherine Bigelow was always in awe of the ornate stained glass windows she saw in church on Sundays. "I loved seeing the patterns in the glass and just how beautiful the windows were," says Bigelow, MS CE 77, PhD 84, acting program director of airport and aircraft safety research and development for the Federal Aviation Administration at the William J. Hughes Technical Center in New Jersey. Several years ago her local hardware store held a class on creating stained glass art. "I took one class, then four or five more, getting more and more advanced. I've been doing it ever since," she says. She advanced from "little sun-catcher things" to creatively designed works of art that can take 100 hours. "I just finished a panel for my boss who retired in January and the one before that was another panel for a co-worker who retired," she says. The panels — both of which were about 22 inches tall and 20 inches wide — were designed by Bigelow. The first was a copy of a panel in her office featuring white magnolias surrounded by frosted glass and a frame in greens and purples and the other was created from a photo of golfers walking on a course. "I like to give gifts that are unique and that also have a personal meaning to the person," Bigelow says. "Actually the next thing I'm doing is for my sister. She recently constructed a new house and I've already got the pattern drawn for two window panels for her house." Not everyone would be willing to work so hard on a gift, but Bigelow enjoys the challenge. "I like laying out the designs and thinking of the colors and the kinds of glass I need to get the effect I want," she says. "I like the creativity and the detail work when I'm cutting out the pieces and getting them to fit all together. I like the manual dexterity it takes." — Maria M, Lameiras
5 2 GEORGIA TECH * Spring 2004
Laura Knight's hobby of creating jewelry makes money, not only for her, but also for charity. A former Savannah, Ga., disc jockey, Knight, Mgt 85, MS Pub Pol 96, has operated her own business, Knight Environmental Consultants in Athens, Ga., since 1992. Six years ago she got serious about her hobby of making jewelry and learned silversmithing skills. She works in silver, gold and beads. "One of my pieces was featured in a silent auction for Weekend for Wildlife recently and it raised $475 for the charity," Knight says. "I'm also donating a piece to an organization for battered women." She puts on demonstrations at shows, creating a design and cutting a cabochon, taking a rough stone to a polished piece in about five minutes. "Lapis is my favorite stone for a demo because it looks so beautiful once it's polished," she says. Knight is working on a doctorate at the University of Georgia, where she is studying the endangered short-nosed sturgeon in the Savannah River. "I'm dealing with marine science and it requires very intense focus," Knight says. "Making jewelry is a great way to relieve stress." — John Dunn
Botanical Bliss Ever since Harold Kaplan made a drastic career change in 1977, botany has been a delightful diversion. After an 18-year career in engineering, Kaplan, IE 54, returned to school and in 1977 earned a doctorate in botany from Oregon State University. The former director of research for Pennwalt Corp. became a university biology professor, a middle school science teacher and an agricultural consultant whose clients included Sunkist Growers. In 1992 at age 60, Kaplan retired and joined the Peace Corps. "It was the best thing I ever did," he says of his threeyear assignment in Paraguay. "It was the best job I ever had." The Paraguay project involved planting trees. "It was reforestation. The discipline was called environmental education. You get out into a village and you do what you can do. I had several squadrons of village kids putting in trees all of the time," Kaplan says. When he returned from the Peace Corps in 1995, Kaplan settled in Redwood Valley, Calif., where his property includes acreage for the pursuit of botanical pleasures. He especially favors growing plants native to California, like the Calochorthus, a member of the lilly family that blooms only a few days every year. It is a proud accomplishment. "Calochorthus is very difficult to transplant and very difficult to make happen," he says. This spring he is putting out 105 California buckeyes from seeds he harvested last fall. "Buckeyes are easy to get started — you hardly need a PhD," he says. — John Dunn
> Gospel Train Architect Bill Stanley usually has a song in his heart. It might be from a Broadway musical or an oldie, but more than likely, it's going to be a traditional spiritual. Stanley, Arch 72, has been singing in church choirs since he was a boy. "When I'm feeling low, I'll sing happy songs," he says. "When I'm feeling particularly agitated, I'll sing slow songs." Stanley sings bass and the songs that give him the most pleasure are Negro spirituals and taking part in a four-part harmony. He is a member of the choir at St. Paul's African Methodist Episcopal Church on Pryor Road in Atlanta. He sometimes sings spiritual songs a cappella. "I find that Sunday mornings are particularly good for relieving the stress of the week," Stanley says. "I'll go in and chime right in. "When you're singing, you focus your attention on the music, on the tune, on the tempo, on the cadence — and on trying to get it right," Stanley says. — John Dunn
Y Here and Now The worst thing James Matthews can say about yoga is it occasionally gives a colleague the opening to do a little goodnatured ribbing, Matthews, MgtSci 75, is vice president of finance and chief financial officer of the Georgia Gulf chemical company and a self-proclaimed "yoga fanatic." There is a lot of misconception that yoga's gentle stretches wouldn't appeal to men, Matthews says. "There are classes like that, but many are very rigorous and I feel it helps in building strength." Matthews was introduced to yoga in early 2002 by a colleague who knew he used to practice tai chi â€” a moving form of meditation and yoga derived from the martial arts. He bega
doing tai chi in California while earning his law degree at Stanford University. Matthews practices hatha yoga three to five times a week in hour-and-a-half sessions at Peachtree Yoga in Atlanta. "It's fun and it's nice to do something fun that is also a source of exercise and relaxation," Matthews says. "One of the phrases they use in yoga is that it brings you into the moment. Sometimes when you are thinking about what the quarterly financials will be or about some issue you know is going to come up a week or a month or six months in the future, it is good to have something that is sufficiently challenging enough that you focus on what you are doing right at that moment. It helps you relax to think about what you are doing right now and â€” Maria M. Lameiras
FOOTBALL T A A
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Who Makes the Rules? Global debate grows on governing the Internet By Maria M. Lameiras
eorgia Tech public policy professor Hans Klein likens the debate over the governance of the Internet to the U.S. Constitutional Convention. "The foundational issue in any Internet policy question is who makes the rules and through what process," Klein says. "This is a constitutional issue, and it is playing out today for Internet policy-making. It is a global Internet and there are a lot of policy questions out there, but before you can make substantive policies that apply to everyone at a global level, you have to decide who makes those rules." Because his area of expertise is technology as it relates to public policy, Klein's research often lends itself to participation in policy-making. He chairs the board of Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility and has become involved in the debate over who manages the Internet and whether business interests are superseding individuals' interests. Klein, who has been a professor at Tech since 1996, spent 2002 at the Ecole des Mines in Paris on a Chateaubriand fellowship researching global democracy and the governance of the Internet. Using the example of the World Trade Organization, which makes the rules for global trade, Klein says issues of credibility need to be addressed when considering Internet governance. "The WTO is controversial because they make rules by getting people behind closed doors and bargaining. Environmental and labor interests have been excluded, leading to today's debate over why some stakeholders don't have a voice in the process," Klein says.
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Hans Klein says there aren't many secrets anymore. "Everything you do on the Internet is traceable, un-erasable and surveillable."
In 1998, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers was formed to address the allocation of Internet resources such as IP addresses and domain names. "In order to be on the Internet, you need an IP address and there is some degree of scarcity of those. For example, MIT has more IP addresses than all of China," Klein says. "MIT was a part of creating the Internet and the assignation of IP addresses was done very informally because at the time, no one cared. But now, the stakes are very high for such decisions. ICANN has moved the Internet away from such informal procedures, but it
has yet to create transparent operating procedures that produce decisions seen as fair." There is also some debate over domain names and whether large corporations can lay claim to certain words used in a domain name. "There are no global rules governing intellectual property. Those rules are all made at the national level, and there are increasing efforts to make rules of property for the Internet," Klein says. However, ICANN â€” which was designed to give equal voice to business and individual interests on the Internet â€” is now predominantly run
FacultyProfile by corporations, according to Klein. "ICANN's creation was like the Constitutional Convention for cyberspace," says Klein, who was involved in designing the organization and deciding who would get a voice in it. "ICANN had a lot of promise to become a legitimate rule-making body for the Internet. Its board was supposed to have 50 percent of its members elected by industry and 50 percent elected by individual users so interests would be balanced. "What happened is that the busi-
by anyone. However, if the rules by which companies are able to trademark at the national level is extended to the global level, that is forging new ground in global intellectual property law," he says. "The whole Internet is a decentralized, free place except that you need an IP address or a domain name to get on and to get one of those you have to go to ICANN or one of their authorized retail outlets. A control point exists for access to the Internet and that point has been subjected to indus-
There are no global rules governing intellectual property. Those rules are all made at the national level, and there are increasing efforts to make rules of property for the Internet. ICANN's creation was like the Constitutional Convention for cyberspace. ness side of the equation decided it would rather not be counterbalanced. They acted quickly on the fact that it was hard to define how to represent the users." By 1998, industry had selected its board members and the body began making rules that addressed business interests, including eliminating consumer representation to the board before individual Internet users could elect all their board members. "At that point it went from a positive experiment in global governance to a negative example of industry capture," Klein says. "What is happening now is that there is a challenge to ICANN by the United Nations because ICANN is not seen as a legitimate body. "ICANN's policy to protect trademarks in domain names has generated the most controversy. This is a first case of global regulation on trademarks." For example, in the United States Apple Computer has a certain amount of legal ownership of the word "apple;" however, that does not necessarily extend to other countries, Klein says. "The rest of the world has been less keen to see the word apple owned
try capture," Klein adds. "Now the U.N. is stepping in. I'm not sure if the U.N. cares about user rights, but ICANN is seen as a club of a few select governments and large global corporations and the U.N. knows you can't have a global regulator controlled by a couple of governments and a subset of businesses." In December, Klein traveled to the U.N. World Summit on the Information Society, a gathering that produced a "Declaration of Principles" and a "Plan of Action" that cover hundreds of topics as far-ranging as infrastructure deployment, cultural diversity and intellectual property. "The idea is that if there is industry or government capture of an organization regulating the Internet, there is another place available to challenge that, and the little guy benefits," Klein says. Another of Klein's research interests is online democracy at the local, national and global levels. "I am looking at local social movements and examining how local groups use the Internet to coordinate and to influence public policy and social change at the local level," Klein says. "One crucial part of democracy is freedom of association, how do you
get like-minded people together, and the Internet is pretty good at doing that." In addition to his research, Klein started the Internet and Public Policy Project at Tech (www.ip3.gatech.edu), a campus group to coordinate Internet policy-related research at Tech and to offer opportunities for discussion of those issues. It sponsors guest speakers, workshops, forums and conferences, inviting researchers and experts from the community to campus to connect the academic research community with policy-makers. "I think the Institute has to play a role here. Harvard is perhaps the university best known for having speakers and debates on public issues, and the Southeast needs that too. Georgia Tech, because of its location in the state capital and the biggest industrial center in the Southeast, has both the opportunity and the duty to offer forums on public issues," Klein says. A seminar on the Patriot Act featured a debate between former U.S. Rep. Bob Barr, an open critic of the legislation, and Assistant U.S. Attorney Randy Chartash, whose office is responsible for enforcing the act. "The United States has discovered the importance of surveillance," Klein says. "We fought the Cold War against countries that were so paranoid they spied on their own people because of 'dangerous elements.' Now the United States seems to have concluded that we, too, have a society full of 'dangerous elements' and that the Internet is a good tool for keeping track of people in our society. "This issue still has to play out, but there aren't many secrets anymore. The Internet makes it possible, as everything goes online, to track what people do. "Whenever anyone gets on the Internet, they leave a lot of trails and, if all of that is accessible, the dividing line between what is in your head and private and what is out in the world disappears. Everything you do on the Internet is traceable, un-erasable and surveillable and that is something to be concerned about." GT
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Into the Wild Blue Skydivers from the Georgia Tech Inviscid parachute team glide into formation 10,500 feet above Lake Wales, Fla. The Yellow Jackets defeated the Air Force Academy to win the collegiate championship of the United States Parachute Association national skydiving competition in December â€” the first nonmilitary school to win in almost a decade.
64 GEORGIA TECH â€˘ Spring 2004
I ©®MLn]©D John W. Harden Jr., IM 1969, BIOL 1974, M.S. BIOL 1976 Atlanta, Georgia • Graduated from Headland High School in East Point, Georgia. • Alpha Tau Omega fraternity; Beta Beta Beta Biological Honor Society. • Coca-Cola USA Engineering Department, 1969-1973. • D.M.D. 1978, Medical College of Georgia; private dental practice at Crawford Long Hospital of Emory University since 1978. • Retired in 2003 from the U.S. Army Reserve as a colonel and unit commander; activated for eight months after the September 11 tragedy and served as the theater dental surgeon for Southwest Asia in Kuwait and Turkmenistan. • Married to Jacquelin S. Harden, a nurse anesthetist and benefactor of the Atlanta Humane Society; owner of two beloved Shih Tzus, Moby and Misha. • Two sons, David and Wesley.
Gifts: • Roll Call Support for thirty-four years. • Provisions for Georgia Tech Foundation and the Alexander-Tharpe Fund in his and his wife's wills. Notable Quotation: "One of the reasons my father moved our family to Atlanta in 1957 was so I could go to Georgia Tech. I was fortunate to be able to earn three of the Institute's coveted degrees. My Tech education has made a significant impact on my life, and it was only natural for my wife and me to include Tech in our estate plans. We want to contribute to the future development of fine young men and women who are fortunate enough to attend Tech. We also want to contribute to the total student athlete who will carry the banner for Tech on the playing field and excel in the classroom." Dr. John W. Harden Jr. is one of Founders' Council's 803 members who have made estate provisions for the future of Georgia Tech.
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