Tuesday, September 5, 1984
Longwood College Farmville. Virginia Number 5
Censorship sparks dispute by John D. Brown and Joe Johnson
"It's hell out there," wrote Jeff Abernathy, Rotunda editor, in last week's deleted editorial. "It's goddamned loony bin, machine-gun hell out there"â€”and it certainly has been. The Farmville Herald has been printing The Rotunda for some fifty years, and last Monday, September 17, that contract was terminated. Bill Wall, the General Manager of the Herald refused to print an editorial unless Abernathy deleted words that Wall called "foulmouthed" and "obscene." Abernathy would not change the editorial, but chose instead to write another edi-
"Obscenities" in question torial accusing Wall of censorship. Wall responded to Abernathy's charge of censorship with a letter: "I do not think you would be satisfied to continue dealing with a printer that you think imposes'censorship/and I assure you that I am not interested in printing an obscene publication. Therefore it is in the interest of both parties if you will find another printer." (Wall's letter appears in its entirety on page 2, as a "Letter to the Editor.") In the original editorial, Abernathy commented on f raternity and sorority membership drives, and used various interjections to strengthen his point,
Wall told the Roanoke Times and World News that had there been fewer "obscenities" he would have given Abernathy "poetic license." It wouldn't seem that a tongue-in-cheek editorial would warrant this much controversy, but censorship is an attack of First Amendment rights. The charges of censorship did not fail to gain the attention of other reporters,
with articles on the controversy appearing in several major Virginia newspapers. Wall rejects the charge of censorship and cited the terms of the Farmville Herald's printing contract that allow the Heraldxo refuse printing those materials they consider to be "obscene, immoral or illegal," a document never signed by any current Rotunda staff member. As editor of The Rotunda, however, Abernathy bears full responsibility for whatever is printed. "The sole job of the Herald is to print our newspaper and the only debt The Rotunda owes to the Flerald is to pay them for that service. The printer is neither
an editor nor a publisher, and I refuse to let them act in either capacity. Because the Herald chose to censor our material, we were more than happy to terminate the relationship." While Abernathy concedes that the partial elimination of the words which Wall objected to would not have been detrimental to the point of his editorial, he feels that the freedom of expression is seriously jeopardized by the threat of censorship. "I didn't really care about the words, it's the principle. We can't and won't be censored by anyone." (The text ofAbernathy's editorial appears this week on
Harrison speaks to local Democrats by Frank Raio Edythe Harrison, the democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate, addressed a local democratic group Friday evening in thelowerdining hall. Harrison called the Prince Edward County "Get Out the Vote" dinner, "one of the largest attendances that I have seen at any democratic affair this year." In speaking to the group which included many local party bigwigs, the nominee attacked her opponent, Republican incumbent Senator John Warner. "When I debated Senator Warner, I beat him. I beat him on the issues, and I began the job of unmasking him...Unmasking what he has undone during the past six years," Harrison said. In addition, Harrison voiced concern over Warner's support of the 10% across-the-board budget cuts and Warner's giving "blank checks" to the MX missile and B-1 bomber. '"My opponent votes against what gives us combat readiness" Mrs. Harrison stressed. In assessing her chances for victory, Harrison said, "I'm going to win because I'm winning on the issues, because I'm unafraid to speak out, because I'm independent. And I
believe that the people in this state want and deserve a Senator that is independent...The people of Virginia do not deserve a rubber stamp. "I know I'm the underdog. You know what? I like being the underdog. Who did you like better, David or Goliath? Harrison moved to Virginia in 1955 at the age of 21. She received her first taste of politics when she became part of the organization to reopen the schools that were closed to the uprorar over the Brown V. the Board of Education in 1954. Harrison is facing an uphill battle in challenging Republican incumbent Senator John Warner. There is no doubt about whether Harrison has the support of the internal democratic party structure of Virginia. The nomination was offered to Harrison after several male democrats declined the suggestion from Governor Robb that they run. Harrison would be the first female senatorial candidate to win in a southern state. One Richmond newspaper dubbed Mrs. Harrison "The democratic nominette." If Edythe Harrison can transform energy and style into grassroot votes, she will give Senator Warner a run for his money.
Mrs. Harrison granted The Rotunda an interview after her speech. ROTUNDA: Jesse Jackson's Presidential Campaign made great gains in registering minority voters, particularly in Virginia. What steps are being taken to bring the minority vote into your corner? HARRISON: The issues. I will tell them the issues and tell how my opponent has treated them in the past. ROTUNDA: On what issues do you and Senator Warner stand the farthest apart? What are your major problems with Warner? HARRISON: He is not an independent, he is a rubber stamp of the (current) administration. ROTUNDA: Where do you and Walter Mondale stand farthest apart? HARRISON: I am not for tax increases. I believe in going through that budget and reducing spending, as a first step before I would put in tax increases. And I believe in tax reform. ROTUNDA: Do you feel that Walter Mondale has made sufficient concessions to the "Rainbow coalition" to bring them back to the voting booths in November? HARRISON: I do not know
Edythe Harrison: "I like being the underdog.' what he has done. I do not know. (Pause) I mean I really do not know. ROTUNDA: In your speech you used the example of the $4,000 coffee pot to show defense contract overcharging. And this week the Government Accounting Office issued a report warning of "unreliability and unservicability" of several of the U.S. missile systems. What fresh ideas will you bring to the Senate to fight these problems? HARRISON: By saying No. You see President Eisenhower warned us about the militaryindustrial complex. With the
tremendous amount of dollars that the (defense contractors) put into political campaigns. If you look at my opponent's federal election committee report, all of those companies, their PACs in (the defense) sector of society are supporting this heavily. The marriage between the military and the military-industrial complex just continues to escalate and nobody is watching the shop. And these contracts are awarded to one company to do development. And then they have the contract to produce it. And to insure that
THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, September 25,1984
ROTUNDA Longwood College EDITOR-IN-C Hill Jeff Abernathy SPECIAL SELECTIONS EDITOR Eric Houseknecht COPY EDITOR Alicia Ashton IINE ARTS EDITOR Jerry Dagenhan CAMPAIGN EDITOR Frank Raio SPORTS EDITOR
Kelly Sickler FEATURES EDITOR loyce Rollandini HI SINESS MANAGER Mike Harris ADVERTISING MANAGER Tony Crute M) \SSISTANT
Joan Dolinger DISTRIBI I ION MANAGIK Lori Foster STAFF Vince Decker Pablo Duke Fred Edson Mark Holland Curt Walker
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( ollege Farmville, Virginia Primed l>v the i leraU i'">uih"
• I are thoie ol the weekly Editorial Board and ill) otumnistt.anddonot nei ''S^.K t the views of the student body or the administration Letteri in the Ediloi ire welcomed rhej mutt be typed, signed and submitted to the Fdilor hv tlit' Iricl.n |iioi t'diftj; publication dale All letten are tubjet i to editing Smd letters to:
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Editor's Note: The following editorial was to have been run on Tuesday, September 18. Due to opposing definitions of the terms 'obscene'and 'censorship' the Farmville Herald refused to run the editorial. We bring this rather un-magnanimous yet pointed piece of writing to you now. It's hell out there. I'm telling you it is goddamned, loony-bin, machine gun hell out there. It's the last crazy week before rush, and the Greek salesmen are popping up like spring rabbits. They're behind bushes, under tables, they're everywhere. And they're out to get everyone of you independents. Steer clear, I am telling you. Steer clear for just one week. Because, if you let'm shake your hand, stare you in the eye and say "I'd like you to join Beta Sigma fraternity (or sorority—it works both ways)," then you're a lost hope for us independents. Sure as you're born, they'll be patting you on the back, shaking your hand, giving you all kinds of groovy drugs—and you'll snap. Before you know it you'll be signing on the dotted line and drafting the check for a hundred bucks to Beta Sigma and then they've got you.
No more pansy salesperson bullshit—you are no longer a prospective, you're a PLEDGE! Aaaaahhhshit—visions of toothbrush scrubbings on the bathroom floor—running naked, cold and hungry down Main Street—stealing hub caps from the Sheriff's Vista Cruiser—collecting odd items from stranger's dresser drawers... Forget all of the fun you had back when all the sisters and brothers of Beta Sigma knew your potential cash value. No more taking you out for a few icy cold beers—no more of that bogus. That was all over when you signed the check, didn't you know? Oh, suuure, just as soon as we've made you feel like a low caste piece of cow manure for a few months, we'll be the best of friends. Just pay your dues next semester. Independents; stay away from these loonies for another week...what's a week? If they're your friends now, then they'll surely be your friends after rush is over. And you'll be a hundred bucks richer and probably somewhat less hungover. And—hey—if you really need a few letters on a freaking pink sweatshirt, how about the ones that stand for GOD DAMNED INDEPENDENT? MJA
Published weekly during the < oll< v\iih the •■" epiion < •• Hobday* .mil examina*
bypasses... One toke over the line...
Rotunda is "obscene" lo the Editor: I regret that it was necessary for me to disagree with you, the editor of The Rotunda, on Monday, September 17, concerning the publication of an "editorial". The "editorial" contained a repetitious number of the same
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four letter work that had absolutely nothing to do with the thoughts expressed. There was no attempt on my part to change the thoughts of the editorial. I assure you that even though I may disagree with you, I will uphold your right to free speech. Following a similar incident two years ago, I sent The Rotunda a copy of the standard terms and conditions under which we operate. Item No.
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25 states: "Should any materials furnished to Printer for productions be considered obscene, immoral or illegal, in its sole discretion, Printer reserves the right to return those materialstocustomerand stop all production on any job." On Monday, September 17, I informed you that I, the printer, considered the words you used to be "obscene". I also informed you that if you eliminated or altered these obscene words we would proceed with the production of The Rotunda. Instead of accepting my advice you chose to accuse me of "censorship". Under the circumstances I do not think you would be satisfied to continue dealing with a printer that you think imposes "censorship", and I assure you that I am not interested in printing an obscene publication. Therefore, it is in the best interest of both parties if you will find another printer. W. B. Wall General Manger, The Farmville Herald
Ra-Ra's not elitist! To the Editor:
HuMBite fAlpT ftoM DrSClftlOftf AM0N6 ARMS (bNlfcl EXfeRfr
As I read the interview with Horace Scruggs in the September 18th issue of The Rotunda, I became very angry wit the frequent and deroga-
tory use of the word "ra-ra." Although I respect Mr. Scruggs and his decision to turn down the position of Geistmeister, I do not feel that he has the right to ciriticize the members of Geist and all of the other school spirited people. Admittedly, there are more important issues in the world than Longwood'straditionsand Oktoberfest Weekend. I personally, however, feel that I cannot as an individual put an end to nuclear proliferation, stop prejudice, and make the world safe for democracy. I do feel that by being a responsible student, working with various clubs and organziations, and taking part in some of Longwood's traditions that I can make a difference here. And isn't that what Geist is all about—people working together to make the Longwood College experience just a little more exciting and meaningful? Furthermore, it is unfair to stereotype all ra-ra's as elitist individuals who don't think about the world around them. Many people use campus involvement as a means of learning how to work within the system to change things and influence people. Thus, I urge you to consider a point of view other than that of Horace Scsruggs, because not giving people credit as individuals is the sign of a closed mind; and to quote last week's Rotunda editorial, "In this world, there is no room for a closed mind." Wendy Susan Buenting
THE ROTUND A/Tuesday, September 25,1984
Four years later
Professors still wary of "Supply-Side" by Susan Skorupa (CPS)—Though starting their fourth school year since the advent of "Reaganomics," college economics departments still aren't taking supplyside economics very seriously. "Supply side is a political issue," claims Professor Phillip Cagan, head of Columbia University's economics department. Cagan, like many of the professors interviewed for this article, believes, "It will be gone in a few years." But some supply-side proponents, notably former Southern Cal professor Arthur Laffer, contend the theory is in fact making headway in college classrooms.
recovery have more to do with old-fashioned Keynesian pump-priming than with supply-side side economics," he insists. Keynesian theory, hatched by Britist economist John Maynard Keynes, has been the basis of American economic policy since the 1930s, when President Franklin Roosevelt employed it to try to spark a recovery from the Great Depression. Keynes' then-radical advice was to let the government go into debt in order to get money to inject into the economy, thus stimulating consumer demand. With consumer demand up, business would begin producing goods and services again to meet the demand.
"It's being taught everywhere," Laffer says, "and has become the basic precept of the (economics) professional journals."
When demand and government spending sparked inflation, Keynes advised the government to reduce spending.
Laffer was one of the first advocates of supply-side theory, which forecasts that tax cuts—not the"pump priming" of Keynesian economics— would best stimulate the economy.
Until then, most school taught "classical economics," which stressed individual choicemaking in a society tending toward full employment,explains John Sumansky of the Joint Council on Economic Education.
Laffer's ideas attracted a small coterie of followers, including a Wall Street journal editorialist named Jude Wanniski. Wanniski's writings eventually attracted converts like Ronald Reagan, Sen. William Roth and Rep. Jack Kemp.
"Studies of the overall economy and Keynesian theory eventually didn't burst on the scene," Sumansky says. "They were forced on us by the Great Depression and attempts to end it."
AM, of course, eventually helped mold America's current supply-side economic policy. Despite evidence the policy has helped generate record levels of economic growth, many campus econ departments haven't adjusted their courses.
Years after the theory became government practice, college economics departments began teaching it. Since the publication of Prof. Paul Samuelson's landmark Keynesian textbook in the late forties, Keynesian economics has been the standard emphasis in most departments.
"Professors have the luxury of being able to teach obsolete theories longer than government and business can adhere to them at the risk of losing money," Waniskfi scoffs. The reason it's not taught is that it's not a very good theory, others counter. The recent economic recovery is explained better by traditional economic theory than by supply-side theory, says Professor Michael Veseth, an economist at the University of Puget Sound in Tacoma, WA. "The big spending cuts, world recession and large structural deficits that caused the
"Colleges are not teaching supply-side courses," asserts Vanderbilt economist Professor John Siegfried. "If it's taught it's taught as a part of another course. Strong supply-siders were talking about it in 1968, but if didn't have a label." Siegfried attributes the increased interest to media hype, not academic study of the theory. "It's a very important idea," he concedes. "But now there's a lot of attention in the popular press. The increase (in emphasis) is not in academic areas." Wanniski attributes cam-
puses' reluctance to teach supply-side theory on its own to simple stuffiness. Tenured economics professors have a vested career interest in defending "outdated" Keynesian theory. Things will change as younger economists successfully use supply-side theory to predict the economy's performance, Wanniski predicts. "Supply siders," for example, "are the only ones who predicted the current economic boom without inflation," he asserts. "Eventually school recognize who's got the better track record," he says, "and switch to supply side." Because nearly all of the nation's 65,000 economists are Keynesians, Wanniski thinks it may take a generation for college economics departments to begin emphasizing supplyside theory. For the moment, Wanniski says he and his peers have to be content with making the theory the foundation of U.S. policy. "The major influence of supply side have been outside colleges, in the political arena."
Prize winning poet Gwendolyn Brooks to appear Gwendolyn Brooks, Pulitzer Prize-winning poet, will give a reading at Longwood College on Monday evening, October 1, at 8 o'clock in the Gold Room of the Lankford Building. Since the publication of her first volume of poetry, A Street in Bronzeville, in 1945, Ms. Brooks has been acclaimed as "a most extraordinary writer and woman." Her second book of poems, Annie Allen, was published in 1950 and won her the Pulitzer Prize. She has received numerous other honors, including the Shelley Memorial Award from the Poetry Society of America and more than 40 honorary doctorates from colleges and universities across the country. She is Poet Laureate of Illinois, her home state, and several schools and a cultural center there have been named for her. Her poems are marked by direct, bold language that reveals the whole range of human emotions and social follies. She comments on the black expe-
Gwendolyn Brooks rience in America with "brutal anger, wry satire, and visionary serenity." Among her books of poetry are The Bean Eaters, In the Mecca, Family Pictures, and To Disembark. She also published a novel, Maud Martha, in 1953 and an autobiography, Report from Part One, in 1972. Ms. Brooks has been described as a "superby reader of her own poetry and that of contemporaries." She has read, lectured, and conducted poetry seminars and workshops at colleges and universities throughout the country. The public is cordially invite< I to attend Ms. Brooks' reading; there is no admission charge. D
Rock/Mime shows reviewed by Gary Rader
by Jerry Dagenhart
When I was first assigned to cover a 'Mime' show, my first thought was 'dull'. Fortunately, my first impression was far from the truth. Keith Berger's show was very well done with just the right touch ot humor thrown in. He opens the show by randomly picking a student and bringing her on stage for several minutes, going through several skits with her. It works perfectly. Berger successfully makes the audience feel as if they are part of the show, and in a sense, they are. On more than one occasion, students were picked to help with on stage skits.
On Monday, August 17,1984 Barry Drake rolled back into Farmville, once again. He was enthused as he exclaimed, "I'm glad to be back in Farmville, the cultural center of Virginia, America and the world." He soothed his audience right away by letting them know there were worse places to be such as "Ferrum" where he had just left.
Berger's performance of mime is nearly flawless. His several skits include a parody of westerns, "the box"—a man being incased by a shrinking, invisible box, and "the nightmare"—the intense re-enactment of a nightmare Keith went through. Talking with him after the
Barry Drake show, I found out that he is returning and would be interested in conducting a one-day Mime workshop. Hopefully, the audience will be bigger next time. Anyway, if thought a Mime show was dull—think again. You will be missing out on something special.
Drake's repertoire included many original pieces along with some old favorites. Perhaps the most memorable song of the evening was Randy Newman's "Ballad of Science" or "Let'd Drop the Big One Now." I have the feeling quite a few "true-Americans" were stirred by that particular song. At any rate, Barry Drake will be returning January 20,1985, to present his Electric History of Rock 'n Roll. It this show is anything like Monday nights, one would have to be insane to miss it.
THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, September 25,1984
Longwood RA's: predicaments of power? by Dennis Carter, Tim Fitzgerald, and Lisa Jessup "R.A.'s are upperclassmen who live in the residence halls. They are friendly and helpful and specially (rained to help you with a variety of concerns in and out of the residence hall ietting." —The 1984 Longwood Student Handbook
Resident assistant—the name should indicate at least in part a function of their position; to assist the students living in Longwood Dorms; to ameliorate old feuds or break through strained roommate relations. The possibilities of such a name would seem to be endlessly positive for the student resident-assist-helpaide-but in reality that's not always the case. "Too often they believe they
are policemen instead of assistants" said Mark Holland, a sophomore at Longwood College. "They need to be trained in a different way, they should be trying to keep us out of trouble." Or as one Longwood College student put it, "R.A.'s aren't worth a damn." The reason for the apparent animosity might have more to do with the regulations R.A.'s are required to enforce rather then the manner in which
African professor teaching at LC by Kent Booty Jean Bosco Rwasubutare has done well for someone who was born in the countryside of Rwanda, one of Africa's poorest nations. Rwasubutare is a Fulbright Scholar teaching at Longwood (Ollege this year. He is a prolessor at the National University of Rwanda,and has been a translator at international conferences in more than a halfdozen countries. He has traveled throught Africa, Europe, and the United States. "I'm getting more out of life than I ever dreamed of," he said. Rwasubutare, 32, is a spe(ialist in modern African literature and also has extensive knowledge of English and American literature. In Longwood's Department of English, Philosophy and Foreign Lan'.• lages, he is tea< hing "A Survey ot Modern African teratun He also is a skilled linguist, i addition to Kinyarwanda. native tongue. Rwasubuspeaks French, English, il.i and Swahili. Rwanda ><M>tti< MI languages: Kinyarwandaand Fren< h."l speak I iglish in the (l.issroom, i rent h around the < ampus, and Kinyarwanda in the marketplai e." Rwanda, a tiny mountain republic in east-central Africa, has been des< ribedasa "tropi( al Switzerland." Most of its 5.5 million people are farmers and main also '.use livestock. I he ( ountry , which had been part of a Belgian-administered I ,N. trusteeship, hec .irne independent in 1962. Rwasubutare, who had to
leave his wife and fbui < hildren behind, was surprised to he selected a I ulbright Scholar, "The post was advertised in all of black Africa," he said. "I heard about it from the American Embassy in Rwanda. So I applied, but I didn't expec t to be chosen. In fact, when I would go down to Kigali (the
the National University for eight years. He is much in demand as a translator. Rwasubutare has translated at conferences in India, Kenya, Botswana, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, and Madagascar. Usually he translates from English to French, although sometimes he transJean Rwasubutare lates the other way. "Translacapital), I didn't even ask about tors I talk to always say that it at the Embassy. It was a very translation into English was big surprise." better than the translation into Rwasubutare's students in French." Rwanda are "immensely inter"Translating is a matter of sted" in American and British experience," he added. "The literature, specially American more conferences you attend, literature. "They like 20th-cen- the more you can master the tury literature. They're ex- jargon. And italsodependson tremely interested in novels, the subject matter. I feel more which are new to them. What at ease if the subject, for exfascinates them are the ample, is the humanities rather characters." than a technical subject." It is not hard, he said, for This is Rwasubutare's third young Africans to relate to trip to the U.S. In 1974, as a Western literary characters. public relations officer for the "For 12 years, they have been Rwanda Board of Tourism, he learning about the Western visited several cities here, World in elementary and sec- learning how to develop tourondary school. They have one ism. In 1979, he attended a foot in the Western World and trailing program in applied lintheother in traditional Africa." guists at the University of Elementary school in Rwan- Pittsburgh. da is free and compulsory,and Modern African literature both secondary school and col- hasevolved through three perlege are free to those who pass iods, said Rwasubutare. "The a difficult government exam, early literature was characterhe said. As the number of ized by revolt and protest people who atend school has against colonialism and assimii ncreased, so has the country's lation and racism. The Euroliteracy rate, but it's still low. peans had perpetuated a myth The National University of of the African savage; they Rwanda,founded ifn 1963,has said we weren't capable of about 1,500 students. It offers running our affairs." degrees in fields in the human"With the coming of indeities, the sciences, engineer- pendence in the early 1960s, ing, medicine, agronomy, and African writersdealt with other e< onomk I. Students can earn themes. They wrote about bachelor's or master's degrees, such problems as the African but they must study abroad to states consolidating their unity, earn a doctorate. "College stu- tribal strife, and military dents pay nothing at all. The coups." government pays for every"The themes in the 1970s thing." were more universal. They beRwasubutare has a bache- gan to address the problems lor's degree from the National of the human predicament. University of Rwanda and a The human condition, in genmaster's from the University eral, is still the dominant theme of Ottawa. He has taught at today."
they enforce them; and the Resident Assistants are the first to notice this disparity. "I think the visitation rules are ridiculous." said Becky Etzler, R.A. on the second floor of Main Cunningham. "I'm not going to go up to two 21 year olds who are engaged and sleeping togetherand say,'I'm sorry you have to leave.' If people are bright they will be discreet. You know it is happening. Every R.A. on campus knows it." Indeed, the majority of Resident Assistants will 'tui n the other way,' when visitation rules are violated and would just as soon concentrate on what they consider to be their position's true calling which is counseling, "Everybody knows they can come and talk to us if they want to that is what we are here for. I prefer doing that to being a desciplinarian—I'm not here to entertain or babysit people," said Joyce Rollandini.an R.A. in Cox Residence Hall. Eric Houseknecht also an R.A. in Cox, sees the R.A. as someone who intervenes during a crisis situation. "I really can not dictate how life on the hall should be—students decide that—the majority of students on second floor Cox apparently do not want a quiet floor that's their concern. I have been aware of visitation violations and have not written them up so long as it does not distrub or violate anyone else's rights. I see crisis intervention as the R.A.'s most definite function. This summer I was involved in a situation where a drunk student started picking fights and harassing other residents. Eventually a campus police officer became involved and the drunken individual punched her (the officer) in the face and broke her nose. I went over and helped to contain the guy." There are other incidents where an R.A.'s presence has made a difference; last summer on top of one Residence Hall roof an R. A. talked to a student for a half an hour and eventually convinced him not to commit suicide. A year ago in the same hall another R.A. was confronted with a senior who had 'lost it'; who was 'kind of drunk and had a 'lot of problems' and was in the process of tearing a rocking chair into splinters. "I got the other students away from him and called up people who might be able to help, and then I stayed with him and tried to keep him calm by talking to him. I was pretty nervous.
Of course most of an R.A.'s duty is not nearly so exciting— nor as easily appreciated. "People do not see the majority of the work we do: keeping up maintenance around the dorm halls, or writing up monthly prorams for the students" (programs ranging from educational activities to social activities for each hall.) "A lot of times just our presence has a good psychological effect on students—they know there is an authority figure nearby. It gives them a scapegoat— they can say to their friends, "Yeh, I'd like to do such and such but the R.A. might catch me." But there are always the bad apples and most of the R.A.'s admit that for everyone of their group who takes their position seriously there are others who enjoy 'power tripping;' those who write up people just to be writing them up or who will use their position to become more visible on campus. Said one R.A.—"it is sort of a self promoting type of thing—it gives me the ability to meet people like Ms. Mable or Dr. Greenwood who have helped me with their recommendations. It's a great finge benefit of the job." An like most human institutions, the R.A. job is by no means free of hypocrisy. One former R. A. admitted to violating visitation rules while writing up students for just such a violation. "Of course, I was never caught for it because we were mature and discreet," said the R.A. who preferred to remain anonymous. Mature and discreet seem to be the by-words that an R.A. will use to judge his or her fellow students' violations. Fellow students who may well wonder if the expense of the R.A.s' salaries (free room and board) is worth the direct costs for the college and the indirect costs for themselves, a sum total of $109,275 this year along, to 'pay' the forty seven R.A.'s on campus. In addition there are the training expenses for the R.A.'s who are housed for 12 days prior to the beginning of fall semester and are required to spend anywhere from 2-4 days on campus after the end of a semester. Are they worth the expense? The vote among the R.A.'sat least, is split down the middle. "Without us Longwood would be a madhouse—totally chaotic" or "Longwood could pretty well fare for itself without the R.A.'s"
THE ROTUND A/Tuesday, September 25,1984
Sex on campus: confused, conservative Aside from being generally in favor of it, what do college students think about sex? Two recent studies at Rutgers U. and the U. of Maryland indicate the dust has settled from the sexual revolution.
reported have had intercourse within the last year. Fewer Rutgers women reported occasional intercouse (67%), but more (50%) described themselves as sexually active than did the males.
While student attitudes have become more liberal in many areas, such as homosexuality and abortion, other attitudes, like those toward monogamy and contraception, remain moderate to conservative. Sexual behavior among college students doesn't seem much different from that in the general population.
A large percentage of both groups said they were sexually monogamous (83% males; 90% females).
The Rutgers study, conducted by psychotherapist Pat Murphy and sociologist Ann Parelius, found that less than half the male population was sexually active, and only 70%
Fear of herpes and AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) has made 27% of the males and 29% of the females change their sexual practice. Still, medically diagnosed venereal disease appeared in 13% of the female population and 14% of the males. The Maryland study, which compared student attitudes in 1973 and 1983, found that awareness of where to go
for information and abortion, has dropped from 91% ten years ago to 75% today. At Rutgers only 35% of the sexually active students said they had an adequate contraceptive method that they always used. While most students said using contraception eased their minds, 35% of the males said they would be "disappointed" if their partner used a diaphragm, and 25% said they would be "turned off." Twenty-seven percent of the women showed a similar attitude, saying they would be turned off if their partner wore a condom. Interestingly, unwanted pregnancies were reported by both sexes in roughly the same percentages as veneral diseases. The major findings at Mary-
land were that more students engage in premarital sex now than in 1973. Attitudes toward abortion have become more liberal, and fewer students feel homosexuals need psychological treatment. However, more students in 1983 said they would keep their homosexuality secret than in 1973. The study also turned up an increasingly conservative attitude toward what's acceptable sexual behavior for women. The belief that women should have sex only with partners with whom they're involved emotionally has increased from 42%, to 52% in ten years. Also, significantly more males than females felt that the availability of contraceptives on campus increased promiscuity. A recent Johns Hopkins
study of high school students showed the inconsistency of some of these attitudes isn't a product of college life: The high school students also have contradictory feelings toward sex. For example, 60% of the girls and 80% of the boys said they'd already lost their virginity. But 83% said that 18 would be the best age at which to begin having sexual relations. That, say the Hopkins researchers, means many of the young people who've started having sex wish they hadn't. One-quarter of the high schoolers said premarital sex is, simply, wrong. Most high schoolers agreed that having sex without contraceptives is foolish, but onequarter admitted doing so, in their most recent sexual contact.
Campus notes from around the country Students' names will no longer be passed along to appropriate campus religious groups at the U. of Wisconsin-Madison. Two local residents and a student obtained a restraining order forbidding the UW from passing along information on religious preference, which is voluntarily provided by students on their registration forms. The trio claims the practice violates separation of church and state. A continued Irom page 1
will continue to vote for that projec t e\ en though it is unsound, because there are subcontractors in their states earning money off of it. It is very entrenched, Eisenhower warned about it in 1951. ROTUNDA: But what can we do to prevent things like the "coffee pot" incidents? HARRISON: By having someone like me who is not just a vote but a voice, (someone who will) say "c'mon fella's let's put some integrity into this government!" We need money for job training, we need money for health care, we need to take care of our senior citizens, we need nutrition programs and head/start programs, and help for farmers. ROTUNDA: The bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon this week raises the question of your foreign policy stance in that region. Does the U.S. have an obligation to risk American lives in an effort to bring stability to Lebanon and
hearing was to follow. • Faculty evaluations should be open for public perusual, the U. of Texas-Austin Students' Association is claiming. Using a ruling by the state attorney general that such information isn't exempted from the Open Records Act, the SA asked the university to release all student responses to multiple choice questions on the regular Course-Instructor Survey. Faculty members other volatile areas? HARRISON: If we are in an area we have to have security for our kids. What worries me about this whole situation is w lien nuclear weapons get in the hands of terrorists. ROTUNDA: But ideologically, do you feel that the U.S. hasan obligation to send our people to promote peace in these areas? HARRISON: No, I did not say
themselvescurrently release about 25% of the answers for the student-funded course guide. • Getting good grades can sometimes bring presents from Momand Dad. But the Southern College of Seventh Day Adventists, will now give its own rewards for students who perform well—travel credit toward round-trip tickets to Europe. The credits are awarded on the basis they continue to receive their funding, they subcontract out in forty some states. So that the politicians in those st.Hes that. It is our interest to have peace. But we have to choose the methods, the areas and be sure that we protect our people...I'll tell you one thing. I would not have put our boys there in Lebanon where they were killed with no bullets in their guns.
of class standing and grade point average. They're offered under an agreement with KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, in hopes of boosting the college's declining enrollment. • A change in university schedule was the prime concern of Virginia Tech students in the annual Student Government Association survey. Over 80% favored starting their quarter calendar earlier, or shifting to a semester system. The survey resulted in Tech's schedule beginning a week early this year. • Students who are crowded three to a room in residence hall rooms designed for two people tend to think less of
themselves as people. Aaron Wilson Hughey of Western Kentucky U. gave a selfperception test to one group of students living in normal conditions and second group living in overcrowded rooms. The latter group scored significantly lower in self-perception, perhapsasthe result of loss of personal space, theorized Hughey, a WKU house director. Stanford U. law professor John Kaplan lost his libel suit .iK.iinst Newsweek On Campus tor its arti( le < ailing one of his courses a "gut" or easy course. A U.S. district c ourt judge ruled theartii le consisted of student opinions and didn't deride his abilities as a te.i< her.
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THE ROTUNDA/Tuesdav. September 25. 1984
Longwood learning environment: What do students say? by Bill Moore I <isi spring, with the coopon of the Office of Academic Affairs and various faculty members, I collected surveys from«) large and relatively random i ross-section of the Longwood student body. We wanted to explore students' general perceptions of their Longwood experience, the learning environment at Longv\ < xid, and their own academic concerns. We have now analyzed «i sample of 500 from the original sample of approximately 1,000, and a more complete report is forthcoming. For now, I thought I'd share a few bits as "food for thought." (ienerally, the picture is a
positive one. While 78% of quality and efficiency of studytfiese students said they study ing count, too, but neverthemore here than they did in less this average still seems low high school, 65% termed their (especially when compared to high school preparation ade- official faculty expectations of quate. 71% say that they can 2 hours outside of class for talk to faculty easily, and 72% every one hour in class!). Elsehave had little problem choos- where on the survey, 56% of ing a major. 73% of these stu- these students indicated "finddents say that they have had a ing time to study" was a conpositive overall experience at cern for them. We seem to have Longwood, and 69% expect to a busy student body, but doing graduate from Longwood. what is the question! However, there is a dark side to this picture of LongOn other fronts, 68% of the wood as well. 78% of these sample said that they have had students say they study more problems registering for the here than they did in high courses they wanted; it's not school, but the average numclear how much of this signifiber of study hours per week is cant problem is real and how 14.6. Quantity of time is not much is unrealistic expectathe only issue, to be sure; tions. The same is true for per-
ceptions of academic advising—45% say they're satisfied with their advising, but 40% say they are dissatisfied. But what is expected? It reminds me of Will Rogers' comment about the weather—everyone talks about it, but no one does anything about it. Faculty are assumed to know automatically how to provide quality advising; students are assumed to know automatically how to approach and use their advisors most effectively. These assumptions are clearly faulty in many cases.
Finally, while 73% of these students report a positive overall experience at Longwood,
when asked if they'd still choose Longwood if they could do it again, only 38% agreed, 34% were unsure, and 28% disagreed. Again, it's not clear whether such a discrepancy points to a simple "grass is greener on the other side" phenomenon or if it reinforces earlier data suggesting that for many students at Longwood, their bond with the institution is tenuous at best. They're here because they didn't get into JMU (VCU, etc., take your pick), or because Mom is an alumna, or because it's inexpensive, and they've not been able to get beyond that to see the real value and worth of the institution, for all its flaws.
New musical talent to stage Maxwell opens lecture series To Sophia Paulette, being chosen for the female lead in the L.C. Players upcoming production of The Three Penny Opera was. at last, the break she had been waiting for. Paulette, a junior biology major, drama minor here at Longwood, comes to us with a (OIK rete background in music and voice. In high school she W.IS.K tiveinanacappellachoir, took private voice lessons for two years, and played in several music als. She also sings in hei c hurch choir, both collectively.ind solo, and is currently taking a voice class. Although Paulette is excited about her role in The Three Penny ()pera, she admits that she didn't expect to get the part. "I had tried out for previous parts recently here at Longwood and didn't get them. I guess I was just better suited for this role." Paulette had not planned on even trying out for this musical, but someone suggested that she give it .i shot and sing an audition piece. She agreed, and the musical director was very
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Sophia Paulette pleased; she got the part. It's weird," she recalls, "I don't think they knew I could sing before this. While it is Paulette's singing debut on the Longwood stage, it is not her debut altogether. She appeared in a one-act play her freshman year, but since then has remained basically in the background performing in the technical aspects of the productions instead of onstage; she is also the secretary for the Longwood Players. "I've always been sort of in the background because I'm basically a shy person," Paulette stated. "This is the first time I've done anything really big." D
Colloquium Lectures for the 1984-85 school year. Starting off this year's series was assistant professor of chemistry Dr. Maurice Maxwell whose lecture was entitled "The Nature of the3,4-BondofThiophene." Maxwell began by briefly reviewing the fundamental concepts of chemical bonding, benzene structure, and the nature of thiophene for the benefit of those in the audience who may have lacked the proper scientific background to fully understand his lecture. He then outlined a series of steps he used (while working for DuPont) in attempting to synthesize a compound known as 7H-cyclopenta (1,2-c: 3,4-c')dithiophene. His interest focused on the 3,4-bond of this compound, the nature of which had become somewhat controversial as the result of re-
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search done by Janssen and dejong of the Netherlands. Maxwell's explanation of a second syntheses of a thiophene derivative revealed the true nature of the bond in question and acted like the concluding chapter in the solving of this scientific mystery. Through his excellent explanation of chemical fundamentals and skillful use of visual aids. Maxwell made an intelligible, coherent presentation
which was undoubtedly enjoyed by all who attended. Distinguished members of the audience includedMaxwell's parents who traveled from his native state of West Virginia to witness the evenings activities. Longwood's colloquium series will continue on November 14th when Professor Emeritus of Music John W. Molnar lectures of "Music in Colonial Williamsburg's Theatre."
. if •■• * i
THE ROTUNDA/Tuesday, September 25,1984
Hockey team is 5-3 FARMVILLE, VA—Longwood's field hockey team, now 5-3, visits Lynchburg Thursday in a 3:00 matchup after finishing second behind High Point in the Longwood Invitational Tournament Friday-Saturday. The Lady Lancers blanked St. Mary's 4-0 and Davidson 6-0 in tournament wins, but suffered a 1-0 loss to High Point in their second straight game Friday afternoon. The Panthers beat Davidson 2-0, Mount St. Mary's 1-0 inovertime and Longwood to win the title with a 3 0 record. Finishing behind Longwood (2-1) were Mount St. Mary's (1-2) and Davidson (0-3). In other action last week Richmond beat LC 4-0 Tuesday.
Longwood's 6-0 win Saturday afternoon marked the first time since a 6-0 win over Randolph-Macon in 1982 that the Lady Lancers had scored six goals in a game. Junior scoring leader Sue Groff (Glen Mills, PA) had two goals in each of Longwood's wins, while freshman Traci Strickland (Virginia Beach) had two in the win over Davidson. Groff, who has six goals in six games, hasaccumulated 23 in three years and is now the fourth leading career scorer in Longwood history, Senior Pam Esworthy (Ijamsville, MD) had a goal and two assistsandjuniorSharon Burce (Alexandria) oneassist and two goals.
Volleyball team is now 2-3 by Christina Popernack The Longwood Lancer Women's Volleyball team ended the first week of play with a 2-3 record. The next contest is the Liberty Baptist Tournament to be held Friday through Saturday followed by an away game Oct. 2 at Virginia Commonwealth University. The next home games are Oct. 4 at 6:30 pm against Mary Washington and Roanoke. Last week in volleyball action, the Lady Spikers opened the season by losing to UNCGreensboro 15-8, 15-8 and Greensboro College 15-4,155. Longwood returned home Thursday to defeat Randolph Macon Women's College 156, 15-7 and Sweet Briar 15-5,
15-5. Saturday, the team traveled to Eastern Mennonite and lost 15-12,15-7,10-15,15-9. When asked abou the EMC match. Coach Bonnie Lipscomb replied: "Karen Moye team captain,and Susan Mears played well defensively." She also stated: "Jackie Smith, Brenda Bowman, Mears, and Holly Hearne all served well." Lipscomb feels that the team plays well together, but lacks refinement. "Right now we are playing in spurts. We need to be more consistent." states Lipscomb.
• **Lancer Hockey Team in action
Fourth laps for Lancers FARMVILLE. VA-Longwood College will host the fourth "Laps for the Lancers" walk-jog-a-thon Sunday, October 14 at 4:00 on a .4 mile layout starting in front of the Rotunda. "Laps for the Lancers" is a fund raising project sponsored by the Longwood College Lancer Club to help provide financial support for the athletic program. The event will feature several hundred participants walking, jogging or wheelchairing around the course as many times as possible in one hour. For more information contact "Laps for the Lancers" director Rich Posipanko at 392-9268 or call the Longwood Athletic Office 392-9323.
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Golfers finish 13th making progress and there is a good attitude among the players." Although the team is still inconsistent, the players have the ability to score well. Reynoldsshot80and Hungerford 81 on Saturday, marking their best scores all year. Rishi and Hughes each shot good rounds on Friday.
by Jim Winkler FARMVILLE, VA—The Longwood men's golf team finished 13th out of 16schools Friday-Saturday in the VMI and Washington & Lee Invitational. Old Dominion won the tournament held at the Lexington Country Club. For the second straight week
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THE ROTUNPA/Tuesday, September 25,1984
Booters outscore opponents by large margin FARMVILLE. VA— Logwood's 5-1-1 SOCCei team re(eived its first-evei national ranking List week when the Lam ers were rated 18th in Division II in the ISAA-Adid.is rankings. I ast week produ< (><l <) school
record 11-0 win over Shenandoah I ridy and .i 1-1 tie with a strong Liberty Baptist squad Saturday. This week Longwood entertains Christopher-Newport Tuesday at 3:30 and visits Roanoke Saturday. The Christopher-Newport game is a Vir-
Intramurals roll on Intramural's continues it's busy season this week with Men's Flag Football approaching the end. B League already finished with Main Event going undefeated in the tourney. A League should finish up this week with four teams left in the winners bracket: Encore, Lightening,Zuccinies,and the Bandits; and five teams left in the loser's bracket: Wanted, Force 25. Buckeyes, Animal House, and It's Like That. Women's team bowling finished Monday night in a battle between the Cruisers and the Wheelor Dealers, however.
that outcome was not available at press time. Three-Man Basketball is also narrowing the winners bracket and the Wanted and Vish left in the losers bracket. This weekend saw Scott Thoden as the winner of the Golf Tournament, the second weekend tournament of the year. Coming up we have entry blanks due this week for the Even Indoor Soccer tournament (play will be the weekend of the 29-30) and Women's Flag Football. Men's bowling began yesterday.
Upcoming Events Wed. Sept. 26 Co-Ed Indoor Soccer EBDue& Meeting Thurs. Sept. 27 .. Women's Flag Football EB Due & Meeting Wed. Oct. 3 Anything Goes Relays EB Due & Meeting
Player-of-the-week FARMVILLE. VA—Senior Lanie Gerken, who led the Longwood women golfers to their top performance in history September 14-16, has been named Longwood College Mayei <>/ the Week for the period September 14-21. Player of the Week is chosen by the Longwood Sports Information
Office Gerken qualified for the NCAA championship last
spring, and if her play in the recent Longwood Invitational is any indication, she will likely qualify once again. The Lady Lancer co-captain fired a 74-7474-222 to place second out of 65 golfers and led Longwood to a second place finish behind Division I Wake Forest. Gerken's score is a school record for 54 holes and marks the first time ever that a Longwood golfer has equaled par in a tournament.
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ginia Intercollegiate Soccer Association Eastern Division clash. Loomingon the horizon isa trip to Charlottesville next Tuesday (October 2) to play the Division I and nationally ranked Virginia Cavaliers in Scott Stadium. Virginia will undoubtedly be the strongest opponent the Lancers have ever taken on.
Longwood's baseball team entertained Richmond in a fall scrimmage twinbill Saturday afternoon and the Lancers dropped a 7-4 decision in the 7-inning nightcap after the 9inning opener had ended in a 5-5 tie. The Lancers are 5-2-1 in fall play. Senior Allen Lawter had three hits in four trips to the plate and junior Dennis Leftwich stole two bases to pace Longwood in the opener. Jeff Mayone slugged a home run and Marty Ford collected two doubles to lead the Lancers in the second game. This week Longwood plays at Virginia Saturday morning at 11:00 and at James Madison for two games Sunday at 1:00 D
Lancers Mark McArdle makes a mid-air stop as the Lancers advance to first national ranking.
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