Holden Forests & Gardens - Summer 2022

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SUM MER 2022

SUM MER 2022 , V6/3 Forests & Gardens is the member magazine for Holden Forests & Gardens, which includes the Holden Arboretum in Kirtland and the Cleveland Botanical Garden in Cleveland. MISSION: Holden Forests & Gardens connects people with the wonder, beauty, and value of trees and plants, to inspire action for healthy communities VISION: All communities transformed into vibrant places where trees, plants, and people thrive Creative Director: Jackie Klisuric Vice President of Public Relations & Marketing: Margaret Thresher Photography: Margeaux Apple, Lisa DeJong, Ethan Johnson, Jackie Klisuric, Peter Larson, Dale McDonald, Margaret Thresher


B OA R D O F D I R EC T O R S Thomas D. Anderson, Chairman Robert R. Galloway, Secretary Constance N. Abbey Paul R. Abbey Victoria U. Broer Barbara Brown, PhD Andrew G. Coleman Tera N. Coleman Jonathan E. Dick Paul E. DiCorleto Michael W. Dingeldein, MD Lavita Ewing Kate Faust Lynn-Ann Gries Sarah L. Gries Joseph P. Keithley

Visitors enjoy the view from the treehouse in the Hershey Children’s Garden at Cleveland Botanical Garden.

Stephen J. Knerly, Jr. Joseph J. Mahovlic Michael C. Marino Roy D. Minoff Cynthia A. Moore-Hardy Ellen W. Jones Nordell Deidrea L. Otts Jane Q. Outcalt Kathleen Outcalt Gary W. Poth Erin Kennedy Ryan Robin D. Schachat Lynn C. Shiverick Ruth M. Stafford Joy K. Ward, PhD Charles F. Walton

Jill Koski, President and CEO Kathleen Heflin, Treasurer and CFO

PRESIDENT'S COLUMN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 OUR MEMBERS: Q&A Members share their favorite HF&G summertime spots . . . . . . . . . 4 AWAKE IN EVERY SENSE A new art installation is inspired by plants and trees . . . . . . . . . . . 6 SUMMER NIGHTS IN THE GARDENS Check out HF&G’s fresh lineup of summer experiences .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 TWILIGHT IN THE A-MAZING WOODS Enjoy an evening picnic that connects visitors with nature.. . . . 12 IN APPRECIATION OF VOLUNTEER TREES People for Trees volunteers are working to increase the local tree canopy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 PUBLIC STATEMENT ON CLIMATE CHANGE HF&G is working to mitigate its impact on climate change. . . . . . 20

DEPARTMENTS RESEARCH The cold, hard truth about climate change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

©Holden Forests & Gardens

DEVELOPMENT The Perennial Playspace offers fun education and lasting memories for the whole family. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

Forests & Gardens (ISSN 2474-6371) is a class and events magazine published quarterly by Holden Forests & Gardens, 9500 Sperry Road, Kirtland, Ohio 44094-5172.

BIRD BIO Meet the belted kingfisher. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Periodicals postage paid at Mentor, Ohio and additional offices.

PLANT PROFILE Get to know the plants of Mission Botanica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Postmaster: Please send address changes to Forests & Gardens Magazine Holden Forests & Gardens 9500 Sperry Road Kirtland, Ohio 44094-5172

For advertising information, call 216.377.3638


EDUCATION HF&G has a class for everyone this summer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 SAVE THE DATE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

On the Cover: Visitors enjoying the flowers in the Inspiration Garden at Cleveland Botanical Garden.

Summer is Here! PRESIDENT’S COLUMN With warmer weather and sunshine come the opportunity to spend long days filled with adventures in nature with family and friends. It also signals the return of outdoor events and experiences, and we have a summer season filled with fun activities for all ages. We open Mission Botanica, a huge maze for families and children at the Holden Arboretum, on Saturday, June 11. Engaging, interactive stations and compelling stories connect visitors to important themes of biodiversity and conservation. Visitors will search for 11 important native plants and trees that are located on the grounds of the arboretum.

We have a summer calendar filled with experiences in nature for you to discover and enjoy. At the Cleveland Botanical Garden, we welcome world-renowned artist Rachel Hayes to Northeast Ohio for the first time, in partnership with LAND studio. The Awake in Every Sense exhibit features installations of Hayes’ signature art — vibrant, oversized textiles. The resulting forms and geometric patterns will engage viewers and blend Hayes’ art with the towering trees above and the colorful garden landscapes below.

On July 9, our popular annual benefit returns. Last year’s VIPstyle picnic was an enormous hit, and we are excited to bring it back for a second year. Twilight in the A-Mazing Woods will showcase the summer exhibit, Mission Botanica. Guests of all ages will also enjoy live music, the Murch Canopy Walk and Emergent Tower, Stickwork, exclusive access to the arboretum and a delicious picnic by Spice Catering. Our Board of Directors adopted a climate change statement in February that acknowledges and recognizes climate change and its impacts. It also outlines the actions we are taking as an organization to address the detrimental effects of climate change. It is imperative that we act now to mitigate these negative impacts and other factors that affect the health of the forests in all communities. Planting a tree is one simple way we can all help the natural world around us. I made a People for Trees pledge and planted a river birch in my yard last fall. I’m looking forward to watering and caring for it during its first summer and for years to come. Join me and make your pledge to the People for Trees movement today! See you on the trails and in the gardens! JILL KOSKI President and CEO

We have a summer calendar filled with experiences in nature for you to discover and enjoy. Evenings at the arboretum will get exciting beginning June 1. On select Wednesday nights, we will host events including our Concert in the Forest series, Notes of Nature overlooking the Butterfly Garden and more. On select Thursday nights at the botanical garden beginning June 30, we will bring back our popular Gourmets in the Garden. Mark your calendars and make plans with friends to attend these not-tobe-missed events.

River birch tree planting with Tree Corps in Jill’s back yard

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Our Members:

Top Spots Members share which places they love most in the summer.

Haans Petruschke

“I volunteer mostly in the natural areas, but my favorite is the Old Valley Trail. “

Kirsten Russell

“The children’s garden! I bring my two year old pretty often, and he has the best time there! It’s a fun, beautiful place.”

Karen Kingzett

“I used to volunteer at both locations, but I would have to say the Rhododendron garden. It’s just so beautiful and a lovely place to walk. It gives you the motivation to keep going on.”


Lynne Griffin

“My favorite is The Western Reserve Herb Society Herb Garden. The Herb Garden is the largest volunteer-maintained herb garden in the United States and contains a certified Historic Rose Collection.”

Karen Kelly

“As a former elementary school teacher, I love the children’s garden.”

Breck Willis

“My favorite trail is the one around Corning Lake, because it is serene and calming to look out over the water and see the sun dance across the ripples.”

Jennifer Kish

“I love the Japanese garden; it is so peaceful and beautiful.”

SUMMER 2022  5


Awake in Every Sense A new art installation by Rachel Hayes, in partnership with LAND studio, opens Saturday, June 25, at the Cleveland Botanical Garden.


his summer, in partnership with LAND studio, the Cleveland Botanical Garden will open Awake in Every Sense, the artwork of Rachel Hayes. The artist will begin her installation the week of June 20, and the exhibit will open to the public on Saturday, June 25. Rachel’s work has been featured all over the country and world and is truly a feast for the senses, especially the eyes!

Hayes was born in Kansas City, Missouri, and lives and works in Tulsa, Oklahoma. She received her BFA in Fiber from the Kansas City Art Institute and her MFA in Painting from Virginia Commonwealth University. Often using fabric to create largescale work, she is interested in inserting color and form into both built and natural environments. Hayes is a recipient of the Joan Mitchell Award in Painting and Sculpture, Augustus Saint-Gaudens Memorial Fellowship in


Sculpture, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts Professional Fellowship in Sculpture, Virginia Commission for the Arts Fellowship in Sculpture and a Charlotte Street Fund Award. She has attended the Marie Walsh Sharpe Space Program in New York, New York; Sculpture Space Residency in Utica, New York, and Art Omi International Artists’ Residency in Ghent, New York, among many other accomplishments. Hayes has collaborated with the Italian fashion house Missoni, culminating with a solo exhibition during Milan Design Week. Recently, she exhibited a site-specific installation with Istanbul74 during the 16th Contemporary Istanbul, Turkey. Her work has been covered by The New Yorker, The New York Times, The Cut, LA Weekly, Los Angeles Times, Vogue, Harper’s Bazaar and Artforum, among others.


We asked the artist a few questions about the new installation: Could you tell us about your design? Graphic sight lines of color are installed throughout the gardens to highlight interesting points and long distances, and to keep the eyes searching while walking the various trails. The sewn works will interact with the weather on any given day. The work may be gently swaying with the wind or catch light dappling through the trees. When I am with my work outdoors and notice these small moments of interaction, I become more present and in the moment, and I hope others have unique experiences, as well, even if they are fleeting.

How are plants, trees and the garden inspiring the installation? I am thinking about how all the colors will interact with nature’s palette of greens and earth tones. I think it will be striking, not unlike seeing blooms or sunsets peeking through the landscape. We are letting the trees dictate where the work hangs, since we are depending on them for their strength and height, while, of course, taking good care to be gentle.

How has the botanical garden space inspired your art overall? What do you love most about plants and trees? The botanical garden provides a distinctive environment for me to respond to, including impressive tree heights, dynamic angles and a rich color palette. This is an exhilarating way to work as an artist, because I am not starting with a blank canvas, rather I am presented with a different set of opportunities and constraints to consider, as well as taking the weather into account. I won’t be using any poles or trusses, and I’ll go to great lengths to minimize my footprint. The trees and plants are delightful follies to collaborate with, and as much as we (installation team) plan how the installation will go, I am sure we will also be using our intuition and beautiful moments that we can’t even anticipate that are sure to reveal themselves. This is what I love most about working with and around plants and trees. We will be working in the present, and in the moment together.

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Summer Nights in the Arboretum “Wine” down and arrive with a taste for great music. Holden Forests & Gardens introduces a fresh lineup of summer experiences. By Kristen Hampshire

Enjoy a glass of wine in the Arlene and Arthur S. Holden Jr. Butterfly Garden.



Enjoy great music surrounded by nature during summer concerts at the Holden Arboretum.

Concert in the Forest


looms and bands, wine and woods — the tastes and sounds of summer are in season at Holden Forests & Gardens, with a warm-weather lineup of entertainment for all ages. From the Concerts in the Forest to the Notes of Nature wine series, the gardens transform into a vibrant backdrop for music, picnics and late-day walks on the property. In conjunction with summer activities is the exhibit Mission Botanica, opening June 11.

“It’s a nice trifecta of activities for an evening,” says Celia Nardo, special events manager, highlighting the outdoor Summer Concert Series, botanical exhibit and later hours for the Canopy Walk. On concert evening Wednesdays, the grounds stay open until 8 p.m. After a snowy winter and wet spring, we’re all ready to take to the outdoors. Following are some ways to experience Holden Forests & Gardens until sundown.

Four concerts throughout the summer will fill the gardens with lively music. “We hold them in our Display Garden and will have a food truck available so guests can come early, have a picnic dinner and get comfortable before the concert begins at 6:30,” Nardo says.

Holden Forests & Gardens welcomes the band LochErie on June 22. The acoustic group plays Irish and Celtic folk music. July 13 the gardens will feature Light of 2 Moons, a local band that blends vocal harmonies and plays everything from island music to classic rock, blues, country and even folk tunes. Two additional concerts will be announced, and all concerts are free to members and regular admission for visitors. A special performance by Apollo’s Fire is scheduled for July 22 and July 23. Cleveland’s baroque orchestra is celebrating its 30th anniversary season with a tour, A Journey of Discovery. “They seek out distinct locations to play and have a wonderful following, so we are really excited they chose our spot as a venue,” Nardo says. Apollo’s Fire tickets are available through the group’s website, apollosfire.org, or by calling their box office at 800-314-2535.

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Notes of Nature Wine Series

Traditionally, Holden Forests & Gardens held an annual, large-scale wine event — the Taste of Terroir — a fan favorite, Nardo says. This year, the celebration will take place in the Butterfly Garden as opposed to the Display Garden, and it will kick off a series of sipand-stroll evenings on June 15. “It’s a special tasting focused on flavors that make up wine — soil topography and climate,” Nardo says of the instructor-led discussion and tasting. On July 27, make it a date night at the arboretum for Bottles and Blooms, featuring flights of summertime wine and local craft brews. “The evening will include a band and we’ll also have Tommy’s Jerky &

Smokies beef jerky tasting,” Nardo says of the Mentor-based “home of the original finger food.” Kelsey Elizabeth macarons will also be available on site. Wine Down takes place on August 17. “This is another stroll through the Butterfly Garden with a variety of wine stations and food stops,” Nardo says. “You can walk through the trees while listening to the tunes of Ed Purcell.” Nardo adds, “The gardens are beautiful at this time of year, and what better way to experience them than with a glass of wine and music?”

Evenings are exciting at the Botanical Garden, too: Gourmets in the Garden returns! See listing on page 30.


Celia Nardo is the Special Events Manager at Holden Forests & Gardens. She studied art at the University of Delaware, where she developed a passion for integrating events and design. Before coming to HF&G, Nardo worked as the Chief Operations Officer for the New Hampshire Lodging & Restaurant Association.



Cleveland Botanical Garden Thursdays until 8:30pm Katherine Philipp Geis Terrace

late nights Holden Arboretum Wednesdays until 8pm Concerts in the Forest 6:30-8pm Listen to great local bands, surrounded by the beauty of the Arboretum’s gardens. Bring a picnic or partake of the food and beverage cash concessions. For more information, including performers and food menus, visit holdenfg.org. June 22 July 13 Aug 10 Aug 24

Loch Erie Light of Two Moons Cleveland Wind Trio Musicians from the Cleveland Institute of Music

Notes of Nature Wine Series 6:30pm A series of sip-and-stroll evenings taking place in the Butterfly Garden. Registration required. June 15 Taste of Terroir July 27 Bottles and Blooms August 17 Summer Wine Down 1


Enjoy the summer evening with food and beverages from the Garden Cafe as you relax on the beautiful Geis Terrace.

Gourmets in the Garden June 30, July 21, August 25 and Sept. 15 Guests sample bite-sized portions from their favorite chefs and learn how to make great dishes at home with delicious local ingredients.


Twilight in the A-Mazing Woods Enjoy music, crafts, exclusive Arboretum access and more at this evening picnic that connects visitors with conservation.


he Holden Arboretum is a place of respite — to walk, gather, heal and enjoy the wonder of and benefits of time spent in nature. It is in this spirit that we look forward to our annual event, Twilight in the A-Mazing Woods. This family-friendly experience is one of our most important fundraisers in support of our mission, including top-notch horticulture, education programs and botanical research.

At Twilight in the A-Mazing Woods, you, your family and friends can support our work while making lasting memories at this VIPstyle picnic. This year’s theme is focused on the Arboretum’s summer exhibit, Mission Botanica by Minotaur Mazes, and will help some of our younger visitors connect to conservation and biodiversity through play, exploration and a sense of adventure. Guests of all ages will also enjoy live music, crafts, the Judith & Maynard H. Murch Canopy Walk and Kalberer Family Emergent Tower, Stickwork, exclusive access to the Arboretum for this event, and a picnic by SPICE catering. If you and your circle of friends and family are looking for a fabulous time to support an important cause, please consider joining us on Saturday, July 9 from 5:30-8:30 p.m. Tickets cost $150 per adult, $35 per child, or


Ellie Rial has worked at HF&G for four years and started as the Donor Stewardship and Events Manager in early 2022. Before that, she worked as the Associate Director of Public Programs. She has spent her career working for nonprofit conservation groups in Cleveland and Montana, with a specific emphasis on watershed health and water resources. Ellie has a BA in Environmental Studies and an MS in Natural Resource Management, both from the University of Montana.


Your family and friends can support our work while making lasting memories.

a family bundle can be purchased for $500 and includes two adult tickets and up to four child tickets. Patron level tickets are $250/adult and include two HF&G-branded gifts. To register, visit holdenfg.org. Contact Ellie Rial, Donor Stewardship & Events Manager with questions at erial@holdenfg.org or at 216-707-2839. While this event showcases some of the Arboretum’s most beloved features through family fun, it also supports our important work and its connection to you and many Northeast Ohio communities. We see the impact of our mission regularly. Sometimes we see it in the “ah-ha” moment of a young learner who is inspired by their field

trip to one of our campuses, or from hearing about the impact that our internships have had on the careers of future scientists who worked in our research department. Sometimes our mission looks like 7,000 new trees planted by pledgers to our People for Trees campaign and witnessing interest in the expert care and dedication our horticulturalists give to our living collections. You may have your own special connection to our mission and wonder how you can help. Sponsor tables are also available for groups of 10 and range from $2,500 to $10,000. All sponsorship-related questions should be directed to Sam Lengel at slengel@holdenfg.org or at 216-707-2805. We hope to see you there!

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The Cold, Hard Truth About Climate Change Climate change is happening right here in Cleveland, but we can make a difference. By David J. Burke


t’s a beautiful, sunny day in late March, and the woods at Holden Arboretum are filling with bird song. On this day, the sound of birds, and a light breeze through the treetops, mixes with the crunch of leaves beneath our feet. We are walking through Bole Woods to one of Holden’s long-term research projects. When arriving at the site, you are greeted by many multicolored flags sticking out of the ground. This project is Holden’s woodland phenology project. Phenology is the study of the timing of annual phenomena in nature, including plant emergence, growth and especially flowering, and is an important way to understand how plants may be responding to a warmer world.

“We monitor the phenology of spring ephemerals — the woodland wildflowers that grow in the spring when the forest canopy is still open. We watch trout lily, trillium, dutchman’s breeches and squirrel corn closely from late March onward to see when they’re coming up, flowering and producing seeds,” says Emma Dawson-Glass, a research specialist at Holden Forests & Gardens. “Spring ephemeral phenology is closely linked to weather, and in warmer years, flowers tend to emerge earlier. As the climate warms, these shifts in timing can have important effects for other organisms that interact with these wildflowers.” Global climate change is in the news a lot these days and often seems controversial. But there is widespread agreement among scientists and scientific organizations that the climate is changing and that this change is the direct result of human activities. In fact, at least half of the warming observed in recent decades is the result of the human activities that produce greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels. Although we may think of polar bears and melting ice floes, climate change is a global issue, and it’s impacting us right here at home. The city of Cleveland has warmed on average by 2.5 degrees Fahrenheit since the 1950s. And at current rates of greenhouse gas emission, Cleveland will warm by an additional 3 to 7 degrees Fahrenheit by 2050. Unless we take action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, our grandchildren living in Northeast Ohio will experience average temperatures as much as 10 degrees warmer than what our parents experienced in the 1950s, with potentially serious environmental consequences.


The most serious impact of warming temperatures will be on patterns of rainfall and snowfall during the year. Warmer winters may be accompanied by less snowfall and more rain, changing water levels in lakes and rivers. Reduced precipitation during the growing season can reduce crop yield on our farms and in our gardens. Lack of winter snowfall can lead to increases in freezing and thawing of soil, damaging plant roots and soil organisms. The warming temperatures will also affect the timing of plant, insect and animal growth and reproduction (that is phenology). Winter warm spells can lead to early flowering and leaf out for many plants, which can be vulnerable to damage by spring frosts. Warming can also lead to plants flowering before the emergence of their insect pollinators, leading to reduced seed set and jeopardizing pollinator populations that emerge too late to take advantage of flower food sources (e.g. nectar and pollen, which are used as food).

As the climate warms, these shifts in timing can have important effects for other organisms that interact with these wildflowers. Warmer winter temperatures can also lead to pest outbreaks, especially the migration of invasive pests into our region. For example, hemlock wooly adelgid is an invasive insect attacking hemlock trees, eventually leading to tree decline and death. In the past, our cold winters have excluded this pest from northern Ohio, but as winters have warmed, the insect has begun to invade our region and is now found in many of our region’s forests, including those at the Holden Arboretum. So, what can we do as individuals or organizations to make a difference when it comes to climate change? First, we need to recognize that climate change is real and is the result of human actions. That’s both good and bad news; the bad news is that we have triggered this slew of serious changes in our climate and, subsequently, the environment. The good news is that we have the ability to change our behavior and have a positive impact.


This spring, HF&G adopted a climate change statement recognizing that climate change is real and providing facts and information about climate change, its implications and some ways we are working to mitigate climate change within the organization. We hope this can be a helpful resource for people still trying to understand this complicated topic. You can find the full statement at holdenfg.org/holden-forests-gardens-climate-changestatement/, along with additional resources.

“Not only are we managing our forests to maximize health and resiliency now and into the future, but we’re also using these forests as living laboratories – a test bed where we can trial strategies for forest management,” says Holden scientist and research chair Katie Stuble. “And, of course, our Conservation and Community Forestry department is sharing our findings with the community, promoting and supporting trees throughout northeast Ohio.”

In order for HF&G to reduce its own climate footprint, we completed a carbon audit using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Simplified Greenhouse Gas Emissions Calculator. Carbon audits allow organizations and small businesses to understand the sources of greenhouse gas emissions so that targeted action can be made to reduce those emissions. Two large sources of emissions at HF&G result from heating our buildings and employee commuting. To reduce our emissions in these areas, we have committed to ensure that all building renovations reduce energy consumption by 25%, and we are encouraging employees to work virtually from home at least two days each week to reduce transportation emissions. As a guest to our campuses, you may notice that at least 40 percent of all food items offered at our café or food service are vegan or vegetarian, as plant-based diets generate less greenhouse gas than those containing animal products. You will also notice we no longer sell bottled water, but water bottle refilling stations are available at both campuses. Other ways we combat climate change include — our favorite subject — trees! Surprised we would mention trees? For us it’s natural. We are the People for Trees, after all. Because trees take carbon dioxide (the dominant greenhouse gas) from the air and use it to make sugars through photosynthesis, trees and forests can reduce greenhouse gases in our atmosphere. In fact, trees and forests represent the best natural solution to combat climate change. At the Holden Arboretum campus, HF&G manages 3,000 acres of natural areas, and these natural areas remove 14,000 tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year, which is far more than HF&G emits as an organization. Our research and conservation teams work to understand how we can better manage forests to enhance biodiversity and improve the ability of forests to remove carbon dioxide from the air.

Green tree branches with leaves reduce heat and carbon dioxide.

In our urban and suburban communities, trees are not only important for removing carbon dioxide from the air but also for mitigating the effects of ongoing change. Their leafy canopies provide shade in the summer, cooling the air, a critical service aiding in keeping our urban spaces cool in the face of increasingly warm weather conditions. If you want to help, join our People for Trees campaign and check our website for important information on tree planting, care and selection. Holden Forests & Gardens is uniquely positioned to tackle climate change on multiple fronts in Northeast Ohio. We’re managing our own forested lands to promote their ability to sequester carbon, as well as quantifying the impacts of management on the functioning and resiliency of these forests, all while supporting trees in the region more broadly. By embracing improved forest management, and tree planting within our communities, we can all work together to combat climate change.

MEET THE STAFF David Burke, Ph.D., is the Vice President of Science and Conservation. David’s primary research interest as an ecologist has been the interaction between plants and soil microorganisms. Of special interest are mycorrhizal fungi that can enhance plant growth, disease resistance, drought tolerance, and affect plant community composition. David is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Biology at Case Western Reserve University and an Adjunct Assistant Professor of Biological Sciences at Kent State University. He received his Ph.D. in Biology from Rutgers University.

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Our beautiful displays of trees and plants also serve as a living museum.


Maintaining the Museum Get to know Tom Arbor, Curator of Living Collections What exactly is Holden Forests & Gardens’ Living Collection? Our gardens offer beautiful displays of trees and plants, but did you know they also serve as a living museum? Each tree and perennial plant on display is carefully cataloged by our curation team. We know where each tree or plant came from, whether we received them as seeds or cuttings and exactly when we received them. All of these plants, including more than 20,000 individually tracked trees and plant groupings, make up our Living Collection.

I love the diversity of plants and plant communities we care for — rare natural areas, trees from around the world and tropical glasshouses. So you’re the Curator of this Living Collection? How do you curate it? With so many plants in our Living Collection, I can’t learn them all in such a short time. Fortunately, our plant records team led by Ethan Johnson has that responsibility, and they help me immensely. What I’m focusing on is identifying groupings of plants within our Living Collection. I’m evaluating these collections using a series of characteristics and metrics, including their importance to horticulture, research and conservation. These significant collections are where most of my curation efforts will be concentrated. The goal of this work is to seek Nationally Accredited Plant Collections status from the Plant Collections Network program of the American Public Gardens Association and the USDA Agricultural Research Service.

What is one of your first memories experiencing wonder with a plant or a tree? When I was fairly young, my grandfather took me to a new park in Akron that featured an absolutely gigantic bur oak. But this oak was special — it was ringed by a split-rail fence, and instead of having a single stem, two additional arms split off to the left and right, from which two other massive trunks shot upward. Known as the “Signal Tree,” local legend held that the tree was shaped by native people to serve as a type of guidepost for those traveling along the Cuyahoga River. When they saw this tree, it was time to leave the river and carry their canoes south on foot via a portage path to the Tuscarawas River, allowing them to reach the Ohio Valley. While that story is considered dubious, and much of the tree has fallen since I originally saw it, it still holds a special place in the community 30 years later. Why did you decide to devote your career to plants and trees? I had an opportunity to do an internship with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Natural Areas and Preserves after my sophomore year of college. I maintained trails and eliminated invasive species in a system of preserves across Northeast Ohio. I was immersed in rare habitats and the rare plants that called them home, and these experiences got me hooked on all things that photosynthesize. Mentors like Emliss Ricks and Ron Etling helped me understand what I was seeing, and why these plants were so important. What are some of your favorite books and/or films about nature? I love field guides. Field guides are what got me into nature, and they took me to the next level to start putting names to the things I was seeing in nature. Field guides are being replaced by identification apps on smart phones, and I just don’t think they offer the same experience. Peterson Field Guides Eastern Trees got me started, and I still use that book. And anything else you would like to share? I absolutely love working at a place where trees and plants are the focus. I love the diversity of plants and plant communities we care for — rare natural areas, trees from around the world and tropical glasshouses. As Earth’s climate changes, holding plants in ex-situ living collections will become increasingly important.

SUMMER 2022  17


In Appreciation of Volunteer Trees

People for Trees volunteers are working to significantly increase Northeast Ohio’s tree canopy. By Tracee Patterson, Associate Director of Volunteer and Employee Engagement


ften, the idea of “volunteer trees” isn’t an especially welcome one to supporters of Holden Forests & Gardens. Case in point: the invasive and ironically named “Tree of Heaven” is… well…anything but.

However, one HF&G volunteer has given new meaning to the term. Last year, Christine Lakus was selected as the recipient of the 2021 ServeOhio Award for Northeast Ohio from the State of Ohio’s Commission on Service & Volunteerism. ServeOhio supports more than 3 million Ohio volunteers each year, and every April, ServeOhio recognizes 10 of them as outstanding contributors to their communities. Chris received an engraved award, a signed commendation from the governor of Ohio and a $1,000 donation, which she is using to advance an initiative called VP4T. We asked her to tell us more about her idea. What is VP4T? VP4T stands for Volunteer People for Trees and it’s exactly that — a volunteer effort to support HF&G’s People for Trees. One of the goals of People for Trees is to increase the tree canopy in Northeast Ohio by planting and caring for 15,000 new trees by 2025, and I think volunteers can be an important part of that work. We have three goals for VP4T that we want to reach by 2025: • 1,500 volunteer tree pledges • 1,500 volunteer hours in special VP4T volunteer activities • $15,000 in volunteer contributions And we would like to see every volunteer participate in VP4T in some way — 100 percent participation.

Wow, those are ambitious goals! Any concerns? Well, “go big or go home,” as they say! It’s going to take ambition and action to repair the devastation to our tree canopy. We’ve tried to come up with lots of different ways for volunteers to participate so everyone can do their part. They can pledge to plant a tree or have friends and family pledge on their behalf. They can participate in special VP4T volunteer opportunities in horticulture, research, conservation, guest experience and more. And, of course, they can provide financial support by donating. We’re also providing training and resources, as well as some special award items for volunteers. What has the response been to VP4T? It’s actually been even better than I’d imagined it would be. The initial reaction from volunteers when we first presented the idea last January was really supportive. I couldn’t be more grateful for the amazing people I get to volunteer with here. And, although we haven’t implemented every aspect of VP4T yet, we’re planting lots of trees, pulling lots of invasives (which inhibit the growth of young trees), and our volunteer P4T ambassadors are having great conversations with guests. It’s going really well. Aside from the specific goals you shared earlier, is there anything else you think might come out of this? VP4T gives volunteers a chance to work on a cause we all care passionately about, and to get involved in meaningful opportunities that promote and support the values of People for Trees. United as fellow volunteers in support of P4T, we are dynamic! I know that when we come together, we can do great things and make a difference. VP4T is a way to do that. If you’d be interested in getting involved in volunteer support of People for Trees, reach out to Volunteer Resources at volunteer@holdenfg.org. We’d be more than happy to add you to our volunteer tree.

MEET THE STAFF Tracee Patterson is the Associate Director of Volunteer & Employee Engagement. Her prior work in volunteerism involved administrative and teaching positions at John Carroll University and Kent State University, where she coordinated and implemented service-learning programming and classes for students. Tracee was the 2020 recipient of the Volunteer Administrator of the Year Award by the Forum for Volunteer Administrators.



Grateful for our Donors

The Ron and Lydia Harrington Perennial Playspace educates children and their families about the natural world while creating lasting memories. By Deborah Miller


ew exhibits require not only a lot of planning to execute, but also the financial support of community members who invest in a new idea. The Ron and Lydia Harrington Perennial Playspace is an example of several donors coming together to help Holden Forests & Gardens fulfill its vision of a year-round space for children to enjoy, especially when the Hershey Children’s Garden is closed during the winter. For many years, the second floor at the Cleveland Botanical Garden served as a space for local artist displays (Guren Gallery) as well as a children’s play area. There was a strong rotation of art exhibits, but the children’s play area needed a new investment. The HF&G team had a vision to expand the space and create an intergenerational activity area focused on educating young children and their families about plants and the natural world, while maintaining the Guren Gallery.

regular visitor to the Cleveland Botanical Garden. “I wanted to find a way to honor my mother and her love of gardening,” Barbara says. “The Perennial Playspace provided a way to honor her memory. I look forward to visiting with our friends and family. I am especially eager to bring our grandchildren, Sean Corwin Glaser and Marcus Gabriel Glaser, to the new Perennial Playspace when they are in town, so that I may share with them their great-grandmother Marian’s love of gardening and my own long-time connection to CBG.”

Developing this interactive experience involved not only the creative energy of the teams at Dublin, Ohio, based Roto and HF&G, but the involvement of donors who supported the concept and design. In addition, a task force of board and community members acted as a sounding board throughout the development process. HF&G is extremely grateful to our donors and task force members who have made this project possible.

For board member Kate Faust, supporting this project was personal. “The Cleveland Botanical Garden was a magical place for our daughter Caroline. Making a donation to support the sketching frames fit perfectly with the mission of Caroline’s memorial fund. Not only is it a playspace to enjoy year round, but it gives kids a treetop view of the rainforest, and the frames will be used in nature-based educational programs throughout the year.”

“We especially thank Ron and Lydia Harrington for providing the lead gift for this learning and enrichment space,” Jill Koski, President & CEO says. “We’re grateful for their support of our vision for a space that engages children of all ages in becoming stewards of the natural world.”

Special thanks to all donors who have supported this project: Ron and Lydia Harrington, Earl R. and Barbara Corwin Franklin, The Louise H. and David S. Ingalls Foundation, Jane and Michael Horvitz, Kent H. Smith Charitable Trust, The Reinberger Foundation, The Hershey Foundation, Caroline Kramer Faust Foundation, The Abington Foundation, Hanes Family Foundation, The O’Neill Brothers Foundation, Brent Ryan and Erin Kennedy Ryan, The Coleman Family, and Brett and Maggie Schumacher. Without our donors, this space would not be available for the children in our community to help foster their love of plants and the natural world.

Other significant donors to the project include Earl R. and Barbara Corwin Franklin. Marian’s Sensory Playspace is named in memory of Barbara’s mother, Marian Corwin Macy, who was a member and president of several garden clubs in New York and Miami and a


Deborah Miller joined Holden Forests & Gardens in October 2018 as Vice President of Development. She has worked in the fundraising profession for over 25 years, most recently at Baldwin Wallace University as a senior philanthropy advisor. As Director of Development for Cleveland Hearing & Speech Center, Deborah oversaw a successful comprehensive campaign for a new building for the Center located in University Circle. She achieved her Certified Fundraising Executive certification in 1998, holds an MBA from the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University and BBA from the University of Toledo.

SUMMER 2022  19

Holden Forests & Gardens Public Statement on Climate Change Holden Forests & Gardens acknowledges and recognizes climate change and its impacts and is taking actions to mitigate the detrimental effects of climate change.


he climate is currently changing at an unprecedented rate and will continue to do so into the future. This ongoing climate change is the direct result of human activities and is having significant and measurable impacts on the natural world here in Northeast Ohio and around the globe. These impacts are reducing biodiversity, affecting the resilience and function of ecosystems and impacting human health and welfare.

The current changes in our climate are the result of increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Greenhouse gases are now at their highest level in at least 800,000 years. At least half of current warming can be attributed to greenhouses gases produced by human activity, including the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas.

What is HF&G doing to combat climate change? F&G manages for resilient and biodiverse forests that H will be better able to withstand future climate changes. HF&G owns more than 3,000 acres of natural areas that remove (sequester) approximately 14,000 tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere every year (i-Tree estimates, courtesy of the Davey Institute, U.S. tons reported). cientists at HF& G actively conduct research to enhance S our understanding of effective forest management practices now and as the climate continues to change. Our People for Trees campaign seeks to increase tree canopy cover in Cleveland, mitigating the urban heat island effect and sequestering carbon from the atmosphere. This will create a greener, healthier environment in our communities. F&G is changing its general operation over the next H three years to reduce CO2 emissions. Actions include: oE ncouraging staff to carpool, take mass transit or telecommute when possible. oA ll new building or renovation will reduce energy use by at least 25%. oO n-site food sales will shift to reduce carbon emissions. At least 40% of menu items will be vegan or vegetarian, and we will source 10% of our offering from a 100-mile radius of our campuses.


Join us in our commitment. This is what you can do. J oin our People for Trees campaign and plant a tree in your yard or community. Trees help mitigate the effects of climate change and improve the environment. Our Tree Selection Guide is a comprehensive list of trees for our region compiled by HF&G experts. Visit our website at holdenfg.org/resources/tree-selection-guide. or individuals who own several acres or more of forested F lands, our Working Woods program offers advice and stateof-the-art recommendations for how to improve your woodlot so trees thrive now and into the future.


Climate Change: The Facts and Figures Here’s a by-the-numbers look at the impact of climate change.

The climate has changed dramatically over the past century. Globally, the climate has warmed 2°F (1.09°C) since the end of the 19th century, with most of that warming occurring in the last 40 years. The city of Cleveland has warmed by 2.4°F (1.33°C) since the 1950s. The past several decades have, in fact, constituted the warmest period in the past 1,000 years. As we move into the future, this warming trend will continue at an increasing pace. Additionally, patterns of precipitation are changing, though these patterns are variable across the globe. Some areas are experiencing increased precipitation, some decreased precipitation and others high variability in precipitation with more extreme precipitation events interspersed by periods of drought.

climate change. Some species that are unable to move quickly enough will be at risk for extinction. I nteractions among species will be altered as will the general well-being of populations of organisms. All of these factors will ultimately alter biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems. limate change drives the spread of pests and pathogens C throughout forests in Ohio, the Great Lakes Region and beyond. M any pests and pathogens that historically have not been able to tolerate cold winters are moving northward as winters have become increasingly milder.

Earth has experienced fluctuations in climate conditions throughout its history, including well before humans. The current rate of change, however, is unprecedented and troubling. Earth is currently warming 10 times faster than the average rate of warming following ice ages. Modeling future greenhouse gas emissions scenarios, scientists predict more than 2.7°F to 4.5°F (1.5°C to 2.5°C) of additional warming by 2100. Cleveland is expected to warm by 3°F to 7°F (1.7°C to 3.9°C) by 2050. What’s causing this climate change? Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gasses (including methane and nitrous dioxide) normally present in the atmosphere serve to trap heat. While we need greenhouse gases to keep Earth’s climate warm and habitable, high levels of greenhouse gases can cause excess warming. Greenhouse gases are now at their highest level in at least 800,000 years. Humans contribute greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Most significantly, the burning of fossil fuels releases carbon long held within the Earth into the atmosphere as CO2, raising atmospheric levels of greenhouse gases and furthering warming. Models show that more than half of recent climate warming is the direct result of human activity. What are the ecological impacts of climate change? Globally, and across taxa, annual biotic events are increasingly happening earlier in the spring and later in the fall (e.g., flowers blooming earlier, insects emerging earlier). o This can lead to late frosts killing flowers and preventing fruit and seed set in natural systems and in agriculture as well as mismatches between partners such as plants and pollinators. pecies ranges are shifting, with some species expanding their S northern range edges while contracting along their southern range edges (in the northern hemisphere). Likewise, species in mountainous regions are shifting up in elevation as a result of

What are the societal impacts of climate change? Globally, climate change is impacting agricultural yields. These effects have been variable geographically and across crops, but there has been an overall negative impact of climate change on crop yields. limate-driven weather extremes are disrupting ecosystems C and food production and are damaging human infrastructure with broad consequences for the well-being of people around the globe. arming in the urban environment leads to greater energy use W through increased air conditioning needs during hot summers, ultimately straining the electric infrastructure. otter summers may be particularly harmful to our urban H neighborhoods where the dominance of concrete, asphalt and impervious surfaces often increases temperatures by an additional 5°F to 10°F (2.8°-5.6°C) (relative to surrounding rural areas), a phenomenon known as the heat island effect. These urban heat islands can have higher rates of heat-related discomfort, respiratory disease, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. For more information about HF&G’s efforts to reduce our carbon emissions and ensure a cleaner, greener world, visit our website at holdenfg.org.

SUMMER 2022  21


More Trees, Please Greenhouse gases are now at their highest level in at least 800,000 years.

The city of Cleveland has warmed on average by 2.5 degrees Fahrenheit since the 1950s.

At current rates of greenhouse gas emission, Cleveland will warm by an additional

3 to 7 degrees

Fahrenheit by 2050.

Unless we take action to reduce

greenhouse gas emissions, the next generation living in Northeast Ohio will experience average temperatures as much as 10 degrees warmer than they were in the 1950s.


Why plant trees? Because they: Improve public health by providing oxygen, filtering the air and reducing stress, which have been linked to reductions in asthma and heart disease. Remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, helping to combat climate change.


Save energy

on heating and cooling.

Cool sidewalks and streets, making

neighborhoods safer and more walkable.

Reduce heat island effect, making urban

areas more comfortable for residents.

Filter and retain stormwater and prevent soil erosion, which keeps our rivers and Lake Erie cleaner.

Provide habitat for birds and pollinators.

Opens Saturday, June 11 at Holden Arboretum Climb like a grapevine or float like a speck of pollen as you explore Earth’s botanical biodiversity in this multilayered, bilingual maze adventure. Connect to the stories and strengths of 11 local species. Then learn what you can do to conserve these plants and their habitats.



Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon By Rebecca Thompson, Education Manager


elted kingfishers are one of the most widely distributed birds in North America. In Ohio, kingfishers can be found yearround with the availability of open, fishoccupied waters. They are one of the few bird species in which the female is more brightly colored than the male.

Perching over the water, belted kingfishers search for their primary prey, small fish. Once they locate a fish, they dive headfirst vertically or at an angle for the water, aiming right for the prey. After catching the fish in their long, thick bill, they fly back to their perch, where they bang the fish against the branch or trunk of the tree. Eventually, when the fish is stunned or dead, they give it a little toss in the air, catch it and swallow it whole. Like owls, they will regurgitate pellets with bones and indigestible materials. In addition to fish, belted kingfishers consume crayfish, frogs, tadpoles and other aquatic animals. Belted kingfishers are solitary, except during the breeding season from early April to mid July. During this time, males will defend their territory against other kingfishers. An average territory could be a little over a half-mile long. When an unidentified kingfisher intrudes an occupied territory, the male becomes

SIZE: 11-14 inches WINGSPAN: 19-23 inches DESCRIPTION: Male: stocky, bluish upperparts and necklace; white belly and chin; shaggy crest; long, thick bill. Female: similar with a rustcolored band across the chest.

very aggressive, resulting in a rattling vocal air flight that continues until the trespasser vacates. It can take belted kingfishers three days to three weeks to excavate their nesting tunnel. The nesting burrow is located on the riverbank or lakeside bluff. The tunnel entrance slope upwards is three to four inches wide and can be up to six feet long. Both males and females chip away at the dirt with their long, thick bills. They then use their fused-toed feet to plow loose soil out of the tunnel. A small, almost perfectly spherical chamber for egg-laying is at the end of the tunnel. Female belted kingfishers lay six to eight glossy-white eggs. Both males and females incubate the eggs for 24 days. The young are altricial and naked. The chicks’ feathers grow in about a week, and their eyes open in about two weeks. Both parents tend to the young. The


BREEDS: Across most of the U.S. and Canada WINTER: South to open waters VOICE: Mechanical, dry rattling sound, loud and raspy BEST LOCATION TO VIEW: Botanical Garden: Nearby large bodies of water, including rivers and streams. Arboretum: Corning Lake, Molly Offutt Boardwalk and East Branch of the Chagrin River.

adults feed them regurgitated food. Young leave the nest 30 to 35 days after hatching. Belted kingfishers are common and widespread. According to the North American Breeding Bird Survey, their populations have declined 38% since 1966. Human disturbance and limited available nesting banks are some reasons for the decline. Belted kingfishers appear to be less susceptible to environmental pollutants than other fish-eating birds. However, unpolluted water is essential for the survival and reproduction of belted kingfishers and the prey they consume.

Rebecca Thompson is the Education Manager at Holden Forests & Gardens and has dedicated her career (1999 – present) to school-aged children and life-long learners. Her enthusiasm for the natural world has kindled a sense of exploration, discovery and a deeper appreciation for the environment. Her passion for bird watching drove her to become a self-taught local bird expert. She has served as President on local boards, including Blackbrook Audubon Society and Cleveland Regional Council of Science Teachers.


Find unique gifts that celebrate summer at the Garden and Treehouse stores.

Visit the Garden Store at Cleveland Botanical Garden or the Treehouse Store at the Holden Arboretum. Our carefully curated collections feature original, one-of-a-kind, and locally made gifts and garden goods that change with the seasons—and that you won’t find anywhere else.

Every purchase supports Holden Forests & Gardens in our mission to connect people with the wonder, beauty, and value of trees and plants, to inspire action for healthy communities. For store hours visit holdenfg.org


Eleven to Look for Mission B otanica lets visitor s discover exciting native plants and tre e s , with a fun t wist. By Ethan Johnson, Plant Records Curator


isitors looking for adventure won’t want to miss Mission Botanica. This life-sized interactive maze exhibit starts with the spin of a mission wheel, which eventually leads guests to nearly a dozen native plants and trees throughout the arboretum. Questions throughout the mission help participants decide which way to go to get to the next plant. The maze is open rain or shine. Here’s a look at the plants you’ll discover on your mission.

VACCINIUM CORYMBOSUM – HIGHBUSH BLUEBERRY In Ohio: Northeastern Ohio in wetlands or along watercourses. Also in dry oak woods. At HF&G: Blueberry Pond, Wildflower Garden, Rhododendron Discovery Garden. Bloom time: April-May, usually mid to late April through early May. Growing tips: Requires acid soil — add sulfur if pH is near neutral. If young cultivars are purchased, remove the flowers for the first two years so the plants can get better established.

OPUNTIA CESPITOSA – EASTERN PRICKLY-PEAR CACTUS In Ohio: Oak Openings in Northwest Ohio, including Kitty Todd Nature Preserve and the metropark outside Toledo. In southern Ohio, Opuntia is in the sandy springs area of Adams County along the Ohio River, as well as other rocky, sandy areas in the vicinity. At HF&G: Myrtle S. Holden Wildflower Garden south side sand dune area. Note: these are Opuntia humifusa with all yellow flowers. Opuntia cespitosa has yellow flowers with red centers Bloom time: Usually mid to late June at Holden. Growing tips: Sharp drainage and full sun are best. SILENE REGIA – ROYAL CATCHFLY In Ohio: Prairies of Southwest Ohio. At HF&G: Arlene & Arthur S. Holden, Jr. Butterfly Garden; Wildflower Garden, south end, and Prairie Garden. Bloom time: July-August, usually mid to late July to mid to late August at Holden Arboretum. Growing tips: Best in full sun with other prairie flowers and grasses.


SASSAFRAS ALBIDUM – SASSAFRAS In Ohio: Throughout, common in eastern Ohio woodlands, fence rows, old fields and forms thickets. At HF&G: Cleveland Botanical Garden, Western Reserve Herb Society Herb Garden, Culinary, also in Woodland Garden; Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden, Layer Rhododendron Garden. Bloom time: Usually mid to late April, can last into the first week of May. Growing tips: Very sensitive to disturbance and unavailable in the nursery trade. Best grown from seed in its desired location, or preserve bird-planted ones. SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS – BLOODROOT In Ohio: Throughout given woodlands with rich soils. At HF&G: Cleveland Botanical Garden, Western Reserve Herb Society Herb Garden, medicinal and dye, also in Woodland Garden, Hershey Children’s Garden, Evans Restorative Garden; Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden, Rhododendron Garden Bloom time: Usually mid to late April until early to mid May. Bloomed late March in 2012. Growing tips: Spring plant, enrich soil and mulch with leaf humus.




In Ohio: Only in unglaciated southeastern parts on rock outcrops. At HF&G: Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden, Rhododendron and Discovery Gardens. Bloom time: May-June, usually late May and early June Growing tips: Provide acidic, moist, yet well drained conditions in half day to full sun. MALUS CORONARIA – AMERICAN CRABAPPLE, WILD CRABAPPLE

In Ohio: Stump sprouts persist in places, but no large mature trees known due to chestnut blight. At HF&G: Holden Arboretum, by Corning Visitor Center, Wildflower Garden. Bloom time: June-July, usually late June through early July. Growing tips: Join the American Chestnut Society.


In Ohio: Throughout, fields, fence rows, edges of woodlands. At HF&G: Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden Bloom time: Usually early to mid May but infrequently starts in late April. Growing tips: Best in full sun. Eastern red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana) is the alternate host for cedar-apple rust, which can mar its foliage along with apple scab. Protect young trees from deer. FAGUS GRANDIFOLIA – AMERICAN BEECH In Ohio: Throughout, especially in rich woodlands. At HF&G: Cleveland Botanical Garden, Woodland Garden; Holden Arboretum, Woodland and Bole Woods trails, Rhododendron Garden, Wildflower Garden. Bloom time: April-May, usually late April through early May. Growing tips: Not for waterlogged soils. Prune out double leaders ASAP.

In Ohio: Throughout, floodplain forests, disturbed wetlands, moist woodland edges. At HF&G: Cleveland Botanical Garden, Woodland Garden; Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden, Rhododendron Garden. Bloom time: July-September, usually early July through late September. Growing tips: Moist to wet soil, part sun.

ASIMINA TRILOBA – PAWPAW In Ohio: Throughout in understory, woodland edges and creek banks. At HF&G: Cleveland Botanical Garden, Woodland Garden, Children’s Garden; Holden Arboretum, Wildflower Garden, Butterfly Garden, Display Garden. Bloom time: May, occasionally in late April. Growing tips: Needs some shade as a seedling, best in moist bottomlands.


Ethan Johnson is the Plant Records Curator. He learned to keep records while working for the Arnold Arboretum (1985-89) and Holden Arboretum (1981-82, 1989-present) while volunteering for the International Dendrological Research Institute, Ohio Nursery and Landscape Association Plant Selection Committee and the American Conifer Society. He was the point person when the American Association of Museums accredited Holden Arboretum as the sixth public garden in the U.S. as a museum, has labeled and inventoried Holden Arboretum’s plant collection and has been keeping plant records at Cleveland Botanical Garden since 2015.

SUMMER 2022  27

Classes&Experiences For Adults


Date: Monday, June 20 Time: 7:30 p.m. - 11 p.m. Location: Holden Arboretum Price: $35 per member, $50 per non-member Instructor: Carly Martin, Cleveland Metroparks Naturalist

Maybe you caught them as a kid, but what do you know about fireflies? Did you know there are as many as two dozen species in Ohio? Join Carly Martin, Cleveland Metroparks Naturalist and firefly aficionado to learn more about this fascinating insect. An indoor talk will be followed by a hike to seek out several species found at the arboretum. Will we find the famous synchronizing fireflies? This is best experienced in darkness, so come prepared to walk in the dark with assistance from the leaders. This will not be a family firefly catching activity. There will be several leaders in case participants cannot stay for the entire hike.


Date: Thursdays, June 23 and July 14 (two-part series) Time: 5:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m. Location: Holden Arboretum Price: $70 per member, $85 per non-member Instructor: Sandra Curry, Ph.D., Ohio Certified Volunteer Naturalist, Clinical Psychologist

Take a break from the hectic pace of everyday life! Mindfulness practice in nature can promote a sense of inner calm and enhance well-being. In this two-session program, we will hike in natural areas throughout the Arboretum, engaging in mindfulness and sensory engagement activities along the way. Participants will develop a deeper appreciation of their interconnection with the natural world and learn new skills to reduce stress. Comfort with hiking up to two miles on unpaved trails is necessary. Be prepared to get “up close” to nature (sitting on the ground, getting your hands dirty)!



Date: Thursday, June 30 Time: 5 p.m. - 7 p.m. Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $35 per member, $50 per non-member Instructor: Jessica Burns, Holden Arboretum Gardener

In this beginner-friendly class, Burns will provide participants with all the materials and information needed to successfully brew their own batches of kombucha at home. This program will explore the history and health benefits of drinking kombucha. There will be taste-testing and a brewing demonstration so participants can make their own brew at home with a basic recipe for small-batch brewing and learn tips and tricks for troubleshooting common issues with homemade kombucha. Registration cutoff: June 19.


TIPS, TRICKS AND RECIPES USING CULINARY HERBS Date: Saturday, July 16 Time: 10 a.m. - noon Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $45 per member, $60 per nonmember Instructor: Sadie Smith, Glasshouse Horticulturist

This class will cover common culinary herbs and their uses. Culinary herbs are used in a wide range of foods including hot, cold, sweet, savory and everything in between. Discover classic as well as more modern and unusual foods and explore recipes ranging from simple to complex. Preserving, historical uses and herbs popular in other areas of the world will be discussed. Bring your appetite and take home some potted herbs to start your own culinary adventures.


Date: Saturday, July 23 Time: noon - 2 p.m. Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $20 per member, $35 per nonmember Instructor: Andrew Pratt, Director of Gardens & Glasshouses

Join Andrew “Andy” Pratt, Director of Gardens & Glasshouses and certified arborist, as he shares how to keep your trees healthy — young and old! Topics will include identifying basic tree diseases, tree pests and defects, health care and abiotic versus biotic stressors of trees. Please bring samples/photographs of a tree under duress for discussion/diagnosis.


Date Wednesday, July 27 Time: 5 p.m. – 7 p.m. Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $20 per member, $35 per non-member Instructor: Caroline Watson, Cleveland Botanical Gardens Horticulturist

This class will focus on appropriate pruning techniques of plants often found in Japanese gardens, such as Japanese Maples, Pines and Yews. A portion of this class will take place in the classroom where participants will learn more about how and when to prune plants and the traditional shapes and forms of plants in Japanese gardens. Afterward, the class will move outdoors and into the Botanical Garden’s Japanese garden for a pruning demonstration.

For the Kids:

Fairy Tea Date: Sunday, July 24 Time: 10 a.m. - noon Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $ 50 per member child, $65 per non-member child Instructor: Education Staff Experience the whimsical world of fairies at our annual fairy tea program. This year, participants will create a teacup fairy garden to take home, meet with a few of the Garden’s resident fairies stationed throughout the garden and enjoy cookies and lemonade while hearing a fairy themed story in our HCG Treehouse. Children must be accompanied by an adult. Fairy costumes are encouraged.



Go Dutch! In this hands-on class, participants will learn how to use balance, shape and form to create floral arrangements inspired by the Dutch Golden Age.

Ferns are often overlooked, but they add texture and shape to a classic shade garden. Come for a little fern appreciation as we learn about the amazing fern life cycle and explore the different types of ferns showcased at the Cleveland Botanical Garden.

Date: Saturday, August 6 Time: 10 a.m. - 11:30 a.m. Location: Holden Arboretum Price: $40 per member, $55 per non-member Instructor: Sommer Tolan, Holden Arboretum Horticulturist

Registration Cutoff: July 22

Visit holdenfg.org to register.

Date: Saturday, August 20 Time: 10 a.m. - noon Location: Cleveland Botanical Garden Price: $20 per member, $35 per non-member Instructor: Stefanie Verish, Cleveland Botanical Gardens Horticulturist


Date: Saturday, August 27 Time: 11:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. Location: Holden Arboretum Price: $10 per member, $20 per non-member Instructor: Dan Best, guide

Formerly the site of resort hotels where Cleveland’s wealthy residents escaped the summer heat, Little Mountain is now home to towering white pines, diverse plant communities, unique geological formations, and abundant wildlife. Come experience this spectacular natural site. No children under 10. Moderate with uneven and wet unpaved surfaces — under 2 miles.

SUMMER 2022  29

Save the Date!

Mark your calendar for these summer events


HOLDEN ARBORETUM June 11-Sept. 5, Arboretum Hours Meander through a maze of plants and flowers in this outdoor educational exhibit.

Notes of Nature

HOLDEN ARBORETUM June 15, 6-7 p.m., Thayer // July 27, 6:30-8 p.m. // Aug. 17, 6:30-8:30 p.m., Butterfly Patio Sip summertime wines and craft brews as you stroll through the gardens and enjoy live music.

Concert in the Forest

HOLDEN ARBORETUM June 22 // July 13 // Aug. 10 // Aug. 24, 6:30-8 p.m., Display Garden Settle into the sounds of summer during our outdoor concert series.

Woodland Twilight

Rachel Hayes Exhibit

Art Show - Charlotte Lees

Art Show - Joe Dill

The Road To Dublin: Apollo’s Fire

Art Show - Charmaine Spencer

HOLDEN ARBORETUM July 9, 5:30-8:30 p.m. Enjoy a picnic at the Arboretum. This family-friendly event will include live music and entertainment. HOLDEN ARBORETUM July 19-Sept. 11, Arboretum Hours

HOLDEN ARBORETUM July 22, 7:30 p.m. // July 23, 4 p.m. and 7:30 p.m. Greensward Tent Lawn Enjoy an evening of Irish music in nature.


CLEVELAND BOTANICAL GARDEN June 30 // July 21 // Aug. 25 // Sept. 15, 6-7 p.m. Terrace/Rain Location Garden Dig into this chef-led series inspired by the cultures of Cleveland.

CLEVELAND BOTANICAL GARDEN June 25-Fall, Garden Hours Explore this outdoor textile exhibit throughout the Gardens. CLEVELAND BOTANICAL GARDEN June 28-Aug. 7, Garden Hours Eppig Gallery CLEVELAND BOTANICAL GARDEN Aug. 9-Sept. 25, Garden Hours Eppig Gallery

9500 Sperry Road Kirtland, Ohio 44094 holdenfg.org

Support our work while making lasting memories Proceeds from these events help ensure that the wonder and beauty of the Holden Arboretum and Cleveland Botanical Garden are available for all to enjoy.

@cbgarden @holdenarb

@cbgarden @holdenarboretum

Twilight in the A-Mazing Woods at the Holden Arboretum

SAVE THE DATE Harvest Moon at Cleveland Botanical Garden

Saturday, July 9

Friday, September 9




Forests & Gardens is the member magazine for Holden Forests & Gardens, which includes the Holden Arboretum in Kirtland and the Cleveland Botanical Garden in Cleveland. MISSION: Holden Forests & Gardens connects people with the wonder, beauty, and value of trees and plants, to inspire action for healthy communities VISION: All communities transformed into vibrant places where trees, plants, and people thrive ©Holden Forests & Gardens “Holden Forests & Gardens” and the related logo is a trademark owned by The Holden Arboretum.


11030 EAST BLVD, CLEVELAND, OHIO 44106 HOLDENFG.ORG 216.721.1600



PRICING Free for members, $16 adults, $12 children (3 - 12) For updates, visit holdenfg.org

PRICING Free for members, $16 adults, $12 children (3 - 12) For updates, visit holdenfg.org

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