LLC SUMMER 2017
Full of History – Still Viable Today
By Aimee Staten
n an age when self-reliance was a valuable commodity and computerized robotics a distant dream, McGowen Machine Works was the place to go for the entire state of Arizona. Now, the machine shop on the corner of Oak and Pine is mostly still, but that doesn’t mean the stillness is a permanent state of affairs. Owner Mike Knuckey, who currently resides in Pearland, Texas, has a couple of different plans. One of Mike’s plans is to reopen the machine shop, produce steel parts and operate as a type of industrial museum. A machinist uses machines like lathes, milling machines and grinders to produce precision metal parts for a variety of uses. “It would be a working shop, but as one of the oldest and longest-running businesses in the state of Arizona, it would also be a good place for people to visit to find out how a historical machine shop runs,” he said. “Most of today’s machinists are computer operators, not machinists.”
Taliesin Project Page 25
Gila County Fair Page 28
McGowen Machine Works, Continued on page 41
Ranger Jen leads young explorers to the Lower Cliff Dwellings.
Miami Library Page 35
You Won’t Believe It’s Not Meat By Patricia Sanders
Pulled pork is one of the great American summertime BBQ traditions. Nothing can replace the mouth-watering, succulent sweetness and spice of great slow-cooked pulled pork, whether it’s sandwiched in a soft bun or piled on a plate with cole slaw. But there is something that comes very, very close. Jackfruit “pulled pork” BBQ has become the rage among vegetarians and vegans around the country. It tastes so much like the real thing, parents have reported serving it to unsuspecting meat-loving children and it gets gobbled up without a question. Jackfruit is a tropical fruit with butter-yellow flesh and a mild flavor. But the first thing you’ll notice about jackfruit? It’s big. Jackfruit, Continued on page 38
Getting Kids Outside at Tonto National Monument By Hilary Clark, Chief of Interpretation ~ Tonto National Forest
“Being outside allows children to be imaginative, spontaneous, and carefree, and allows them to gather their thoughts. It’s also a lot of fun!” Those are the enthusiastic words of Jennifer Smith, a National Park Service educator at the Tonto National Monument in Roosevelt. ‘Ranger Jen’ as she is affectionately known helps kids of all ages explore the Tonto National Monument and learn about the outdoors and prehistoric culture.
Area Maps Centerfold
Getting Kids Outside, Continued on page 5
THE PINAL FIRE Page 6
Local News Highlights Page 30
HIKING & MUCH MORE!
ABOUT THE TOWNS
IN THE HEART OF ARIZONA
RIM COUNTRY RIM COUNTRY
YOUNG TONTO BASIN Punkin Center 87
TO FOUNTAIN HILLS
Tonto National Forest
SaltRiver River Salt Rafting Rafting
TONTO NATIONAL MONUMENT
Sierra ev Anchos elt La ke
AZ TRAIL TO PHOENIX
HAYDEN RAY MINE WINKLEMAN TO TUCSON
A Special Thanks to Our Sponsors.. This guide was underwritten by a grant from the Freeport-McMoRan Foundation in cooperation with the Gila County Industrial Development Authority
The Outdoor Guide is produced twice a year: April (Spring) and October (Fall) For information regarding future participation in the guide as a vendor, advertiser, event host or sponsor, please contact Linda Gross at email@example.com. Deadline for October: September 25th
BOYCE THOMPSON ARBORETUM Story and Photos by Terry Stone
I know, I know – you hate spiders. Spiders are the creepiest of all terrestrial life, you say. Spiders like to sneak into houses and bite unsuspecting children, you say. Spiders are as evil as snakes and - as everyone knows - snakes are pretty evil, you say. But allow me to share this opinion with you: You are wrong and unnecessarily burdened by cultural prejudices. In a country that takes great pride in its ideals of independent “free” thought, I’ve met a lot of people who are slaves to unfortunate popular misconceptions. So, you might reasonably ask, “What’s so interesting about spiders?” My answer is, “Everything!” There are almost 40,000 known species of spiders in the world. They vary in size from practically microscopic (Patu digua) to as big as a dinner plate (Theraphosa blondi – the goliath bird-eating spider). However, most spiders are small, with a body length less than half an inch. Almost all spiders are venomous (excepting feather-legged orb weavers), but very few have a bite that can harm humans. For spiders, venom is necessary to quickly subdue prey.
"Not a Brown Recluse" but close
Our over-riding bias against spiders may exist because most of them aren’t as pretty as, say, butterflies. If spiders had beautiful wings, would we be less inclined to squish them with a shoe? Most spiders are cryptically dull in coloration because they depend on stealth to capture prey. So, let’s agree not to judge them too harshly on aesthetics. Beauty, after all, is only skin deep. Even though some spiders have exceptionally good eyesight (wolf spiders and jumping spiders), most have poor eyesight and depend primarily on “touch” for survival. The hairs on their legs serve the same purpose as whiskers on cats – to feel the world around them. The webs built by many spiders also serve as an extended network of nerves that signal when a meal has been snagged or when a mate comes courting. And those webs! Spiders spin silken threads from glands on the posterior end of their abdomens. This silk, in comparable thickness, is stronger than steel. Spiders use silk for capturing prey, encasing their eggs, and for building a safe hideaway. Webs take on different shapes depending on which species makes them. For instance, if you see an orb web, you can rest assured that a black widow - a cobweb weaver - didn’t create it. And let’s not forget the silk used for flying. Yes, spiders can fly! Newly hatched spiderlings often float to distant lands by climbing to the tip of a leaf and releasing long threads, allowing winds to carry them aloft like a kite; it’s called “ballooning”. And the long silk threads have the elegant name of “gossamer.” Here in Arizona we have many distinctive spiders.
Western Spotted Orbweaver
There is the emerald–colored green lynx (Peucetia viridens) that is commonly found in gardens and on prickly pear cacti. There are a few species of Loxosceles spiders that many people erroneously call “brown recluses”. (A brown recluse is Loxosceles reclusa and lives in Texas, east to Georgia, and up into Virginia. They do not naturally occur in Arizona.) Our Loxosceles species supposedly have less virulently toxic bites. We also have black widows (Latrodectus spp.) which have bites of “medical significance”, but usually stay in their webs unless molested by humans. Normally black widows are very shy spiders and will fall to the ground and play dead if humans try to capture them. One of the most interesting of the local arachnids is the spitting spider (Scytodes sp.), a very small and slow-moving creature that captures prey by spitting a sticky venom. And, of course, we have desert tarantulas, the largest spiders in the United States. Spiders are important to humans for the fact that they eat mostly insects, thus keeping down populations of pestilent critters like mosquitos and flies. If a spider should be wandering around in your house, it is simply because it’s looking for a meal; it is never in your house to attack you. So don’t let your culturally-induced fears drive you to mindlessly kill spiders. If you take the time to observe their fascinating and complex lives, your life, in return, could be enriched by the knowledge gained.
Information: Call 520.689.2811 • Click Arboretum.ag.arizona.edu • Like
/boycethompsonarboretum • Follow
Calendar of Events July 22 Rock Walk @ Geology Tour with Phil St. George July 23 Edible-Medicinal Desert Plants. A Guided Walk July 29 Learn Your Lizards Walk hosted by 'Wild Man Phil' July 30 Painting Class with Chuck Davison July 30 Prickly Pear Cactus Fruit Class August 26 Rock Walk and Geology Tour with Scott McFadden For a full schedule of events, dates and details, visit us online at arboretum.ag.arizona.edu/events.
/BoyceThompson • Find us
Fm t הDk of tה
The summer kicked off with a scorcher this year sending temperatures above 100 degrees in May. Even though we live in Arizona those of us who enjoy the temperate weather of this lowmountain region were still dismayed by the intensity. Added to the excessive heat, a lightning strike on May 8th, started what would be one of the first wildfires in our state and the first wildfire in the Pinals since 1954. The Pinal Fire (pg 6) would last for weeks and burn over 7,000 acres. It was both scary and sad to watch the mountain burn, but looking at the many fires that have since broken out in Arizona (25 and counting) and the devastation they are causing (scorched earth and structures), we must count ourselves fortunate. Our heartfelt thanks to all the Incident Commanders, firefighters, administrators and Forest Service personnel who worked the Pinal Fire. Other features this summer include a look back at McGowen Iron Works and the three generations who are at the core of this iconic machine shop which served the community for over 50 years (pg 1). The current generation is hoping to preserve the shop as a working museum-of-sorts; showing how things were done before the age of computers. We wish them well on their plans. Across town, the Miami Library has been busy upgrading their lobby which includes new displays and a large mural by local artist Patty Sjolin (pg 35). If you haven’t stopped in lately, you are in for a treat, not only to see the new lobby, but a few additional surprises as well. Visitors and locals will be happy to know the library offers free wifi and houses several Special Collections which reveal Miami history and famous alumni. Our stories on the Gila County Fair (pg 28) and the Great American Horse Race (pg 36) show that the two had a few things in common
including the fact that mules, not horses, played a starring role in the history of both, and these events served as happy diversions from all things political. According to one journalist who covered the Great Race in September of 1975, “…the country was recovering from Watergate, Nixon and the Vietnam War, and everyone was looking for a good time.” With our own bit of national drama unfolding, maybe it’s time to grab a drink and a bit of shade this summer and relive a lighter moment of American history (pg 36). And finally our story Taliesin and the Globe-Miami Studio Project. While the school points to new support from some, it is loosing funding and support by those who were instrumental in securing its independence and launching the local four-year project. It’s easy to see why some might be disturbed by what is being passed off as results from a world-class’ architecture school in response to a gobsmacking near million-dollar investment by this community. I am one of those original stakeholders who pledged money, drummed up local support and sat on the Taliesen Advisory Committee. I’ve seen the promise of the Studio Project devolve from such lofty goals of revitalization, re-investment and reputation building to small-scale projects which the school is shopping around for more local funding. Given that we were already doing this before Taliesin came on the scene, I question what we are really getting from this partnership. For me the school lost my vote of confidence last year, when they passed off wikipedia content as research and offered up a million dollar design for the local library. For others the jury is still out. Best Regards,
Creative Director Jenifer Lee Editors Patricia Sanders Aimee Staten Contributing Writers Aimee Staten Linda Gross Kim Stone Patricia Sanders Terry Stone Christa Sadler Hillary Clark Contributing Photography Boyce Thompson Arboretum Staff National Park Service Kenneth Chan Aimee Staten Kim Stone
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Table of Conten 6
Publisher Linda Gross
Community Concert Association 2017/18 Season
McGowen Machine Works
Studio Project Loses Funding
Getting Kids Outside
Gila County Fair Over The Years
Local News Highlights
Miami Memorial Library Upgrade
The Great American Horse Race
ON THE COVER
Boyce Thompson Arboretum
The Pinal Fire
The Worst Little Bugs
Calendar of Events
Walking Through History
SUMMER 2017 Getting Kids Outside, Continued from page 1
Through the Every Kid in a Park program, fourth-graders and their families get a free pass valid for more than 400 national parks across the country. A National Park Foundation grant helps with transportation—paying for buses to get more than 200 elementary-school students from Payson, Globe, Miami, Pine and Tonto Basin to the monument. In all, Smith’s programs have reached more than a thousand young people this year, from pre-K to 12th grade.
As Smith leads students on hikes up to the Lower Cliff Dwelling she teaches them about desert plants and animals and the Salado people who built the dwellings. Although the hike is only a one mile round trip, it ascends more than 300 feet in elevation, giving everyone a good workout. Once at the dwelling, students have the unique opportunity to enter some of the rooms and imagine what it was like to live there. At many archaeological sites across the Southwest, the ancient rooms are off limits. “I enjoy watching their eyes light up with excitement when they see something that fascinates them,” says Smith. In addition to the Every Kid in a Park program, Smith has also taught high-school students by giving class presentations and field trips to the monument. Partnering with the National Forest, she worked with students from the Payson Center for Success on a special, semester-long project that included a park archeologist demonstrating prehistoric technology. “I see myself as an enabler and facilitator” for the students, Smith says, adding,” I take care of the logistics, planning and safety concerns, allowing them to concentrate on things that matter—learning and observing the world around them.” Ranger Jen says she wants children of all ages to leave Tonto with a positive experience that will inspire them to become future stewards of the outdoors. “I hope their visit to Tonto will spark their interest to learn about, explore and want to protect other cultural and natural sites,” she says, “not only in Arizona, but across the country and around the world.”
Kids discover a pestle, an ancient method of grinding grain. Photos courtesy of National Park Service.
SUMMER 2017 MAY 8 Lightning strike in the Pinal
May 11 • Size: Less than one acre • 0% Containment • 4 Hotshot Crews, 4 Engines, 104 Firefighters
THE PINAL FIRE
Fire consumes the underbrush.
• Less than 5 acres • 0% Contained • Type 3 Incident Mgmt Team takes command
May 13 • 19 Acres • 0% Contained • First Community Meeting
"Pinal Fire Over Globe" by Kenneth Chan was shot from Round Mountain Park on May 20th. It provides a perspective on where the fire was in relationship to Globe and area landmarks.
By Kim Stone
Ideal conditions allow the underbrush to burn while leaving the tree canopy.
• Fire grows to 75 Acres • 0% Contained • 4 crews, 8 engines, additional firefighters added, total count 200
May 18 Josh Walk, a wild land firefighter, posted this image on Instagram
On May 8, 2017, a discharge of cloud-to-ground lightning struck an oak tree in the Pinal Mountains. It was a dying tree with smooth grey deadwood in its canopy and offered little resistance to a bolt of super-heated lightning that delivered 50,000 degrees F. of fire- starting power. The smoke was spotted by a resident in nearby Six Shooter Canyon and an engine crew was dispatched from the Globe Ranger Station to check it out. They found the tree burning at 6,700 feet on a steep, east-facing slope high above Pioneer Pass. A few days later, a photo of the tree’s charred shell was posted on Tonto National Forest’s Facebook page. You could almost smell the smoke lingering at its base. It was the origin of the Pinal Fire. This past winter, fire management officers, and other specialists at the Globe Ranger District and the five other districts on the Tonto National Forest, identified specific areas in the forest where the ecosystem would benefit from a naturally-caused wildfire. One of these planning areas was a north-facing swath of the Pinal Mountains that had not seen fire in over 60 years. With the successfully managed outcome of getting positive fire treatments on last year’s Juniper Fire in the Sierra Anchas, and working with the latest fire research from the Rocky Mountain Research Station, they agreed on a forest-wide strategic plan to manage these areas should a wildfire every occur. The plan included input from community leaders, elected officials, and stakeholders, as well as wildlife and recreation specialists. When lightning struck on May 8 in the heart of the Pinals planning area, fire managers looked at the ambient conditions, availability of firefighting resources, the relatively early time of year, the wet winter, the fuels condition and state of the timber, and decided they had a high probability of success. After being reviewed all the way up the U.S. Forest Service chain of command, the supervisor of the Tonto National Forest approved the use of the plan for the Pinal Fire, and it was quickly put into action.
Writer Kim Stone discusses operations with Barry Johnson, Type 3 Incident Commander at the community meeting held on June 20. With the fire contained, the focus turned to flood mitigation efforts.
Managed as a low intensity fire By May 10, the ensuing fire was still under an acre in size. About .10” of rain had fallen the day of the lightning strike at the district’s remote automatic weather station (RAWS) and there were reports that about a third of an inch of rain fell in the fire area during the following two days, including a small accumulation of snow. The previous winter had been good to the Pinals, with quite a bit of snow accumulation in the higher elevations. The gradual snow melt allowed moisture to percolate deep into the soil. This favored the larger ponderosa pines, firs, and other conifers that were more deeply rooted, and helped to increase their fuel moisture content so they become literally too wet to burn. The fuel moisture in the interior chaparral vegetation that includes scrub oaks and manzanita (what firefighters call “brush,”) at lower elevations also had a relatively high moisture content and was unavailable to burn. But grasses and leaf litter on the surface dry out more quickly, and because no significant rain had fallen since March, the low intensity fire slowly consumed layers of dead pine needles and oak leaves as it crept across The Pinal Fire, Continued on page 7
The Pinal Fire, Continued from page 6
the forest floor, effectively “cleaning up” decades of accumulation. Fire Management Office Jack Marvin was aware that the size and complexity of the fire would steadily increase over time. As of May 11, he had 4 crews and 4 engines on the fire, a total of 104 personnel in all, but he knew he had to stay ahead of it. He completed a complexity analysis, and the result pointed to the need for a Type 3 Incident Management Team. The National Incident Command System is broken down into five different levels. A Type 5 Incident Management Team is at the lowest level of expertise and complexity, and a Type 1 is the highest. These teams are coordinated and dispatched from each Geographical Area Coordination Center (there are ten within the U.S.). For Arizona, New Mexico, and west Texas, it’s the Southwest Coordination Center (SWCC) in Albuquerque.
Grant Loomis, Forest Hydrologist Tonto NF and Tom Beddow, BAER Implementation Team Leader at a June 1, community meeting in Globe. The BAER Team worked throughout the month of June to clear drainages and enhance downstream flows. Photo by LCGross.
Type 3 Incident Management Team arrives Incident Commander Andy Mandell and his Type 3 team took control of the fire at 6 AM on May 12. The fire had grown, but was still under 5 acres. Andy’s team hit the ground running, and less than 36 hours later, four more engines had arrived, with an additional 50 firefighters and a Type 3 helicopter. By the end of the day on May 14, a total of 200 firefighters were on the Pinal Fire. As the fire increased in size and began to move further into the higher elevations towards Pinal Peak and Signal Peak, a structure protection group from the Type 3 team began working on the high ridge of the mountain to protect the 13 summer cabins and 32 communication towers. Dozers made road improvements, crews removed “ladder fuels” (various size small and intermediate size trees that can carry fire into the canopy of larger trees), burned old thinning piles, placed water hoses around cabins and distributed portable tanks that would be filled from water tenders if needed. A helispot was set up in an open area near Pinal Peak. Smoke was increasingly visible from Globe, particularly when an isolated tree would torch, but the fire continued to burn with low intensity through the pine and conifer understory of leaf litter, grasses, and small shrubs according to plan. With the homes and communication towers at the top of the mountain prepped and protected, firefighters actively began bringing the fire down off the slope towards the north. As it backed down the mountain, they added fire to keep it even, ultimately trying to burn through the understory plants of the remaining 2800 acres of conifers. As Andy Mandell explained at a community meeting, “We want to make sure that the fire does what we want it to do, which is keep it a low intensity fire.”
Weather is hotter, winds are higher Conditions were changing rapidly as summer conditions approached. They felt they still had a few more days to move the fire through the remaining timber areas and stop it at the brush before the brush was available to burn. Firefighters keep track of the potential burnability of live vegetation by determining the percentage fuel moisture. They collect and weigh a freshly collecting sample and then weigh it again after it has been dried in a special oven. This process used to take 24 hours, but with new technology, it can now be done in twenty minutes flat. But fuel moisture alone doesn’t tell the whole story. Ambient weather conditions, seasonality, green-up, and
Map showing progression of fire and perimeter of planning area.
• Community Meeting led by IC Andrew Mandell and Fire Ecologist Mary Latta • Fire has tripled in size to 2,327 Acres
May 22 Pinals on Fire
Courtesy of Peoria Fire-Medical Department
• Fire grows to 3,927 acres. Increase in winds require more crew and equipment • 21% Containment • Type 1 team arrives to take over a “more complex’ fire on Thursday • 6 Crew, 2 Helicopters, 7 engines, 1 dozer, 2 water tenders • Pre-Evacuation order issued for Canyon residents **Private drone flying near the fire grounds all air tankers and helicopters
May 25 The Pinal Fire, Continued on page 8
Satellite photo from space
SUMMER 2017 May 25 • Fire grows 173 acres overnight to 4,100 acres. The Base Camp for all fire fighting operations moves from Besh Ba Gowah in Six Shooter Canyon to the Gila County Fairgrounds. • 562 Firefighters • 32% Containment
Air tankers drop retardant on northern perimeter. Courtesy Photo: InciWeb
May 26 • Another drone near fire suspended air operations again. • 5,700 Acres
Smoke from the Pinal Fire could be seen and felt for miles. Courtesy photo
The Pinal Fire, Continued from page 7
May 27 • 6418 Acres • 30% Containment • 614 Firefighters
Smoke can be seen rising over the Globe Cemetery. Courtesy of Globe Miami Chamber
• Community Meeting • 6,810 Acres • 45% Contained • 641 Firefighters
The fire reaches a pivotal point As wind and temperatures continued to rise on May 23, the fire made its first runs into the brush. Around 6
Night duty on the Pinal Fire. Photo courtesy of Mesa Fire Department.
• 6,610 Acres • 41% Containment • 646 Firefighters
other factors can directly or indirectly affect a plant’s ability to burn. So firefighters take it one step further and plug all of this data into a software program that generates something called the ERC, the Energy Release Component. As of May 21, the brush vegetation (manzanita and scrub oak are the plants typically sampled) had a relatively low ERC, which meant it was still unavailable to burn. But that didn’t last for long.
Air Support. Photos courtesy of U.S. Forest Service
PM, a few pockets of half an acre to an acre were burning. An hour later, a sustained run of fire into the brush actively involved 75 -100 acres. Globe residents watched this unfold when they saw a thick plume of dark smoke suddenly rise up from the fire. Technically speaking, brush is really interior chaparral, a vegetation type composed of numerous different evergreen species, but mostly dominated by mazanita, scrub oak, silktassel, and holly-leaf buckthorn. It is a true, fire-adapted plant community and benefits from being burned every 50 – 100 years. After a fire, it begins to recover almost as quickly as it burns. In as little as two weeks, new shoots and leaves will emerge from the bases of the burned plants, even during the hottest and driest part of the year. The plants regrow so vigorously that within 10 years, it can look as if a fire never happened.
But when this brush vegetation is available to burn, the complexity of a fire changes. It can burn fiercely and unpredictably, and its change in status was a pivotal point in managing the Pinal fire.
A new team with more horsepower After completing another complexity analysis, and considering fire duration, resources on the scene, anticipated fire behavior and expected weather, there was no question that a Type 1 Incident Management Team, the highest level of the National Incident Command System, needed to be brought in. Jack Marvin and the Type 3 team managers wanted to hold the fire in check and keep it from growing by using water and fire retardant until the Type 1 Incident Management Team was in place, so they called in for aerial reinforcements. By the next day, the sky was full of planes and helicopters. A huge, twin-prop Chinook helicopter was delivering water to the fire with a 2,000-gallon “Bambi bucket” that dangled from a 100-foot-long cable. An insect-like Sky Crane helicopter was busy hauling water back and forth inside a fixed tank that fit neatly inside a cut-out portion of its fuselage. Both were dipping their water from Blue Lake at the nearby Solitude Tailings. I saw a fixed-wing air tanker drop bright pink retardant in the early afternoon and a half hour later, watched a much larger load dropped from a DC-10 jet aircraft. This DC-10 is called a VLAT (Very Large Air Tanker) and is one of a fleet of three that have been converted into “slurry bombers.” Each of them have 11,600 gallon tanks fitted to their bellies with computer-controlled bomb bay doors. They can drop either multiple, partial loads or empty an entire tank of retardant in a 50-foot wide band, three-quarters of a mile long. Ahead of any air tanker is a lead plane that guides it into the drop zone. Before any retardant is dropped, the two planes make at least one dry run over the area, called a “show me” run, and then circle around for the real deal. The Pinal Fire, Continued on page 9
SUMMER 2017 The Pinal Fire, Continued from page 8
Firefighters make their stand at containment roads
This time, when the lead plane goes in, it creates a line of smoke called a “pop smoke” that hangs in the air long enough to show the air tanker exactly where to drop its load. It’s dramatic to watch, with tankers flying as low as 200 feet above the tree tops. Aerially applied fire retardant is not used to put a fire out, but rather to slow the growth of a fire by coating vegetation to make it more resistant to burning, thereby “buying time” for firefighters to work. Water can be used for the same purpose, but timing is more important because its effects don’t last as long as the retardant. Circling high above all this aerial activity at about 10,000 feet is Air Attack. This plane is staffed by a pilot and an air tactical group supervisor who are the eyes and ears of the “The Stack,” the name given to the layers of air tankers, lead planes, and helicopters flying in the airspace below. It also helps crews on the ground with situational awareness about what’s happening above their heads. When the Type 1 Incident Management Team officially took over on the morning of May 25, the fire was at 4100 acres. Bea Day, the new Incident Commander, confirmed that the fuel moisture of the brush had dropped precipitously in the past few days, making it available to burn. This meant they had lost the ability to use the brush to limit the spread of the low intensity fire that was burning in the timber area.
They didn’t think they could hold the fire at mid-slope, so they chose the existing road system as defined in the fire planning area to make their stand. This was “the box,” as Jack Marvin called it, a 9,000-acre area contained by Forest Service roads 651, 55, and 112 roads on the west, north, and east, and a combination of hand and dozer containment lines and an old burn near the ridge on the south side. They planned to “finesse the fire” (Bea Day’s words) off the slopes with low intensity down to these control roads without causing a crown fire that could roar through the brush with a large wall of flame and “slick off” the entire slope. Carl Schwope, Operations Section Chief for the Type 1 team, described to a group of community members how severely and unpredictably this kind of vegetation can burn: “The brush (chaparral) fuel type is difficult because you can look up there and it looks like it’s doing nothing, just some smoldering, maybe a few smokes, then all of a sudden it catches the right wind current, stands up, and once it’s established, it’s going to burn until it loses the fuel or wind.” It was because of the possibility of the fire making a serious run through the brush vegetation and jumping the control line roads to the north that a pre-evacuation order was issued for residents of Kellner and Ice House Canyons on May 24.
The Pinal Fire, Continued on page 10
When it counts, rely on www.ReadyGila.com to keep you informed. Register today for emergency alerts and be prepared. After the fire was contained, flood mitigation efforts focused on nearly 23 miles of waterways which carry water run off from the mountain. Gila County and its partners received emergency grant funding of $300,000 to send in 6 local contractors to clear brush and debris in advance of the monsoon rains expected by mid-July. Map courtesy of the U.S. Forest Service.
The premier source for Gila County health and emergency information.
Map showing burn area on May 30th. Courtesy of InciWeb
"Pinal Fire Beyond Skyline" was shot by Kenneth Chan from his neighborhood in Globe on May 22nd. Using a telephoto lens and the home in the foreground, Chan says he framed the shot to express his feeling that the fire was just beyond his backyard.
The Pinal Fire, Continued from page 9 Map shows where the fire jumped the line. Courtesy of InciWeb
May 29 • Fire jumps the line. Was stopped at three acres with fire crews assisted by air • 7,179 Acres • 49% Contained
May 30 Pre-Evacuation order removed May 30 for residents in Icehouse and Kellner Canyons
The view from here. Photo by Central Arizona Wildlife Response Team (CAWRT)
If the time came, residents would have, at most, three hours to evacuate. Sheriff’s deputies were ready to notify everyone door-to-door. Residents who signed up with Gila County Emergency Management’s Everbridge program would receive notice from that system. As of May 25, there were 400 firefighters on the fire working day and night shifts, 24 hours a day, but it was too dangerous to put any of them on the fire front because of the rough terrain and volatile fuels. There had been gusty winds all week, and on May 26, wind speeds were expected to be 30mph from the southwest during the day. There was some heavy fire that pushed down a main ridge west of Kellner Canyon and generated a lot of smoke, but it remained within the control line (the FS 651 road). Most of the fire activity was on the north side, the side closest to town. Crews began working with residents in Ice House and Kellner canyons with structure triage and preparation to create defensible space in case the fire made it that far. They cut brush and removed burnable debris around houses and structures. On May 27, the far south side of the fire near Signal Peak was looking good, with less and less smoke every day. They wanted to take advantage of the weather in the next few days and begin to bring the fire down to
the containment roads, so they began doing “burnout” operations between the fire and the roads, with more smoke as a result.
Fighting fire with fire By burning fuel on the inside of the containment lines, they gained more control of the spread and intensity of the fire by eliminating fuel to burn. In firefighter parlance, this fuel-free area is called a black line – if it’s black, it won’t burn. Firefighters on the ground add fire to the landscape with drip torches, a contraption filled with a mixture of gasoline and diesel fuel. But when there is a need to burn out an area that is either inaccessible or too dangerous for firefighters to enter, they use a helicopter and a special machine that dispenses little balls of fire. They look like ping pong balls, but are specially coated inside with potassium permanganate, a chemical that, by itself, is not flammable. After they’re loaded into a hopper, the machine injects a few drops of ethylene glycol into each one just before it rolls the sphere down a chute and out of the helicopter. In three to five seconds the two chemicals react and the ping pong ball The Pinal Fire, Continued on page 11
The Southwest Area Incident Management Team at the Command Center at Gila County Fairground. Courtesy Photo
The Pinal Fire, Continued from page 10
bursts into flames and burns for about 30 second, spreading fire like a Molotov cocktail wherever it lands. Over the next few days, firefighter numbers increased to 641. Crews worked to burn out additional areas, often having to wait for the winds to shift direction so that the fire would move where they wanted it to. Swirling erratic winds contributed to a spot fire on May 29 that jumped the FS 55 containment road on the north side, but with the support of helicopters and air tankers, firefighters held the fire to only three acres. These same winds continued to hamper efforts throughout the day, but firefighters were still able to burn from both the east and the west sides of the fire and join in the middle on the north end. Burning out this area was important to shore up the containment on the side of the fire closest to homes and property in the canyons to the north— a major milestone. While burnout operations were critically important to contain the fire, fire managers still tried to leave strategic buffers of live vegetation in drainages to minimize post-fire effects in the future. The next day, on May 30, pre-evacuation notifications were lifted and the focus shifted from burning operations to holding and improving the established line. With the fire 80% contained, Barry Johnson’s Type 3 Incident Command Team took over command of the fire on June 2 and brought containment up to 95%. It was handed back to the Globe Ranger District eleven days later. But the effects of the fire are not over yet.
Mitigating post-fire effects With the first monsoon rains on their way, the focus has steadily shifted from smoke and fire to the potential for flooding resulting from the fire’s disruption of the watershed. The BAER team (Burned Area Emergency Response) has been steadily working throughout the month of June to clear drainages, improve road drainage to enhance down stream flow, and replace damaged or under-sized culverts under the forest roads. They aerially mulched 1,125 burned acres with straw to decrease erosion and received funding to create “storm patrols” which will monitor roads after the monsoons start to keep the culverts clean and remove sediment and debris from the road system. They will also start creating drainage improvements and erosion protection for the 13 miles of trails within the Pinal Fire area. To mitigate storm damage further downstream in Russel Gulch, Ice House, Six Shooter, and Kellner canyons, Gila County has secured a grant to hire local contractors to help homeowners clear debris from their properties that might impede storm water flow. But first, each homeowner must sign an agreement to grant permission to allow these contractors to work on their property. At this writing, the Pioneer Pass road (FS 112) and the Pinal Peak (FS 651) are open but the Forest Service plans to close them for safety reasons when the monsoon rains start. The trail system in the burned area of the Pinals is scheduled to remain closed until October.
May 31 Type 1 Southwest Area Incident Management Team Photo
These images posted on facebook reflected peoples' appreciation for firefighter efforts.
June 1 • 7,171 Acres • 610 Firefighters • 70% containment
June 2 • Type 1 Incident Team transfers management back to Type 3 Team lead by Barry Johnson • 7,139 Acres • 95% Contained • 74 Personnel
June 13 • Final Type 3 team Update • Team hands over fire to Globe ranger District on June 10th • 9 Personnel
A helicopter drops its load from Blue Lake from the nearby Solitude tailings. Photo courtesy of CAWRT.
The WORST Little Bugs In The Southwest In other words, By Peter Bigfoot
SCORPIO S N
I have been stung 36 times out here on the farm. I’ve been stung grabbing a towel off the towel rack in the shower house, putting on a pair of sandals, carrying a feed sack, leaning against the chicken coop, picking up a piece of lumber, moving a tarp lying on the ground, holding a roll of toilet paper, and, the most popular time, handling firewood. Also once at night when I got out of bed barefoot. There are two basic types of scorpions in this region, rock scorpions and bark scorpions. Rock scorpions are mostly found under rocks, and bark scorpions live around wood and in our homes. If you lift up a rock and there is a scorpion under it, it will probably be sitting on the ground with its tail up over its back or straight out. This will be a rock scorpion. If you pick up a piece of firewood or a cardboard box and there’s a scorpion under it, it will probably cling upside-down to the underside of the board or box. This makes it difficult to see and also puts it right where you might place your hand, greatly increasing the chances of getting stung on a hand – the worst possible place. Both types of scorpions have a nasty sting, although the bark scorpion’s is often many times more potent and painful than that of the rock scorpion. The sting happens lightning fast. The very first feeling might be like you got a splinter or glochid, but it quickly escalates to pain like having a lit cigarette crushed into your skin, plus numbness and tingling. Sometimes the discomfort subsides after an hour or so, only to come roaring back
a couple of hours later. Then the pain and discomfort spread through your body. After this point, you hurt all over with what I call restless agitation. Most likely you will be laying down at this point, but there is no comfortable position. This discomfort may go on for 24 to 48 slowpassing hours until the suffering begins to subside. The wound often remains numb and tingly for a month or so. The amount of pain depends on where you get stung and how much venom was delivered. Because the sting affects the nervous system, the hands and feet are the most painful places to be stung, and they are also, unfortunately, the most likely places to be stung. When I’ve been stung on a fleshy part of my body like my leg or back, it has not been quite so bad. It felt like a scorpion was running up and down under my skin, accompanied by some pain, numbness and tingling. I usually get these kinds of stings in bed after a scorpion drops from the ceiling. Or from the ones waiting in my pants or shirt in the morning. I have had an obsession for finding remedies growing wild or in my garden. The desert plants, bushes and trees are my pharmacy. I have discovered remedies that really work for bees, snakes, spiders, scorpions, and even rabies. If I did Scorpions, Continued on page 12
SUMMER 2017 Scorpions, Continued from page 13
not know these things it would be too dangerous to live out here at the farm. I have at least six good remedies for scorpion stings. One of these remedies I have bottled and for sale to the public, along with remedies for about 20 other maladies. This scorpion remedy relieves about 90% of the suffering. The sooner it is applied the better it works. A few years ago I stopped killing brown recluse and black widow spiders. Want to know why? On several occasions I have seen scorpions attempt to eat spiders, only to have the spider proceed to tie up the scorpion with its strings of web. Immobilized and all bundled up, the scorpion could hardly move. The spider bit the scorpion’s tail and the scorpion died instantly. The spider then hoisted the scorpion up into its web and ate it. My favorite treatment of scorpions is to search about with an ultraviolet flashlight. The scorpion will light up a bright lime green color. I can see them from 10 feet away or more. Then I come armed with a portable propane plumber’s torch and pull the trigger. The flame comes out and roasts the scorpion instantly. Let off the trigger and the flame goes out. It is best to keep a squirt bottle of water handy to extinguish any possible flames. A few years ago when I first began this
practice I roasted 300 scorpions in less than two hours. Now on a good night, or maybe it’s a bad night, I only find about 50. It is, after 36 stings, a very satisfying pursuit.
About the author: Peter “Bigfoot” Busnack was born in New Jersey in 1941. He came out west in 1963 and became a natural healing physician, herbalist, desert survival expert, teacher, philosopher, farmer and, 37 years ago, founder of Reevis Mountain School of Self Reliance. Peter also is the creator of Reevis Mountain Remedies, a line of herbal remedies sold nationwide and here in Globe. You may have met Peter at the Globe farmer’s market selling fruit and vegetables. Peter is also the author of three books: Book of Ancient Natural Remedies, Natural Remedies for Bites & Stings, and Cooking with Bigfoot.
Whether you run with a crowd or dance to your own beat... #GetMovin #LiveMusic Summer Youth Theater Performs: Aladdin
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When: June 2-October 7; Every Saturday 8 a.m.-11 a.m. Where: Veterans Park: Globe City Hall The local farmers’ market offers an array of locally grown produce, hand made crafts, baked goods and entertainment. It is a great way to visit with neighbors, meet new friends, pick up something special for your week and kick off the weekend. If you have something to sell, talk to market manager, Holly Brantley (928) 701-1108 about a booth or simply sharing a table with others.
Summer Concert Series When: June – August; 6:30-9:00 p.m. Where: Miami Memorial Park Enjoy a hometown summer in the park concert series hosted by Miami Genesis and friends. The concerts are free but plan to bring your own seating and sit back and enjoy the music or join us on the dance floor. The schedule of performers are as follows: June 11th: Los Implikados June 25th: Neto and the Band July 15th: Low Expectations July 29th: Amy Schugar August 12th: Coyote Moon August 26th: High Energy
When: July 7 & 8; 13, 14 & 15 7 p.m. - 9 p.m. Matinees at 2 p.m. on the 8th and 15th Where: Cobre Valley Center for the Arts Cost: $10 General Admission or $15 for reserved seating The Summer Youth Theater has been delighting kids, parents and audiences since it launched in 1998. It now serves over 200 kids each summer who learn the art of puppets, stage craft, improv and acting. It all comes together on the stage in several grand performances during the first two weeks of July. This year they are producing “Aladdin.” Seating is limited for each showing so we suggest you book your tickets as soon as you read this! Call the Center at (928) 425-0884.
6th Annual Calendar Fundraiser for High Desert Humane Society
When: July 29; 5:30 p.m.-10 p.m. Where: Bullion Plaza Museum/ Gymnasium. Cost: $25 each, includes dinner This annual fundraiser has been a hit with the community since it launched it’s first one in 2010. The theme for the evening is “Bark in the Park.” The idea of auctioning off a photo spread of your pet Calendar of Events, Continued on page 15
SUMMER 2017 Calendar of Events, Continued from page 14
for a month on the calendar gets a great deal of good natured bidding among local pet owners who vie for the opportunity to get the best month. It includes a silent auction, live auction and the calendar auction and a sit down dinner. This event regularly sells out so get yours early. No tickets will be sold at the door. A no host cocktails will begin at 5:30 and dinner at 6:00 p.m. Call (928) 425-2220 or (928) 200-3611 for tickets or purchase them at the Humane Society Boutique on Broad Street.
interested in sustaining rural communities. The event hosted by Arizona Rural Development Council is expected to bring participants from all over the state for three days. For information and to register, please go to: azrdc.org/2016
opportunity to learn about hunting, fishing and related activities in a relaxed and informal atmosphere. Your fees include a shared cabin, all meals and instruction for the three days. For information, visit the GMT regional calendar where you’ll find links to the class registration and class descriptions. www.locaunite.com
6th Annual Prickly Pear Festival
11th Annual Arizona Rural Policy Forum When: August 10 – 11 Where: Eastern Arizona College Cost: $125 General Admission The 11th Annual Arizona Rural Policy Forum helps to connect rural economic development professionals, nonprofits community leaders business owners, and other rural stakeholders who are
When: August 19th; 5:30 p.m. - 10 p.m. Where: Superior, Arizona This years time is a “Celebration of our incredible Edible Desert,” and will include a series of classes demonstrating the many uses of the prickly pear fruit. There will be vendors, food demonstrations, guest speakers, live music and a youth pageant. For more information visit www. superiorarizonachamber.org.
Becoming An Outdoor Woman Workshop When: September 8 – 10 Where: Friendly Pines Camp, Prescott, AZ During this three day workshop BOW gives women (18 and older) the
48th Annual Gila County Fair When: September 21 – 24 Where: Gila County Fair Grounds From the All American Beef Cook Off on Thursday night to the livestock auction on Sunday, the Gila County Fair has something for everyone in the family. For complete information on the Fair and the program line up for September 2017, go to www.gilacountyfair.com or look for our Special Edition Issue coming out on August 20th.
WALKING THROUGH HISTORY Lower Cliff Dwelling historic photo
Modern visitor center
By Christa Sadler, Tonto National Monument
Visitor center opening circa 1965
Mano and metate in museum
magine a place where history from every era surrounds you. At the Salado Cliff Dwellings at Tonto National Monument, stories and relics from thousands of years of Sonoran Desert life are to be found right at your feet, wherever you tread. Since the construction of these iconic cliff dwellings approximately 700 years ago, they have served as a home, a community of growing and evolving culture, and eventually an alluring spectacle for tourists exploring the “Wild West.” During the early 20th century, as more and more pioneers began moving westward across the United States, places like the cliff dwellings began to receive more attention. Unfortunately, along with this attention came vandalism. President Theodore Roosevelt saw the need to protect and preserve the cliff dwellings, and so he designated them as a national monument in December of 1907. After the creation of the National Park Service in 1916, America’s public lands became a distinguishable element of our nation’s landscape. Year after
SUMMER HOURS June 1-August 31 8am-1pm
year, more visitors from all over the nation and the world traveled to these significant American sites. With everincreasing numbers of visitors, the National Park Service faced the question, how could they accommodate this rise in visitation and provide a better experience for sightseers? Conrad Wirth, then director of the National Park Service, envisioned a multiyear plan to revitalize the experience of both visitors and employees in the national parks. Beginning in 1952, Wirth made proposals to construct new facilities: visitor centers, housing for park staff, and other structures to improve park operations. President Dwight Eisenhower approved these plans in 1956, ushering in a new era for the national parks. The plans also set in motion an architectural movement across the United States that would become known as Mission 66, featuring a streamlined, modern style of design called Park Modern. Plans for a new visitor center at Tonto National Monument soon followed, reflecting the new Park Modern designs that were being built in other major parks around the country. The structure would include a lobby with an information desk, along with exhibits and displays about the wonders of the cliff dwellings and the prehistoric people who once occupied them. Major construction took place between 1961 and 1965, and the visitor center made its grand debut on
February 21, 1965. This structure went on to serve as a catalyst for road improvements, new trails to the cliff dwellings, and a high standard for visitor experience. With the new visitor center and other facilities at the Monument, visitors now had richer opportunities to connect to the story of the Salado culture and immerse themselves in a world of the past. After 50 years of providing information and awe, Tonto National Monument unveiled a newly remodeled museum in 2015. Inside a replica room—modeled after the cliff dwellings’ only remaining room with an intact roof—visitors to the Monument can now experience what it would have been like to live here. Artifacts found in the cliff dwellings, including pottery, textiles, and lithics, are on display, and an 18-minute film shown on the shaded deck of this historic building explains the cultural and natural history of the region. The observation deck offers breathtaking views of the Lower Cliff Dwelling and the Sonoran Desert landscape. When you visit Tonto National Monument, you are not only walking into a building, you are walking through history: the stories of an ancient people who thrived over 700 years ago. The Tonto visitor center itself is a historic Mission 66 structure that helped write the story of our national parks and will preserve the history of the Salado for future generations.
April 8 ~ Featured Local Lore and Famous Names
Joe Wilson and son Cooper patrolled on horseback and made sure things went as planned.
GHS Band Director Christopher Richardson (2nd from right-back) with members of the band, played for visitors who reached the top of the hill.
Dik Mickles channeled the life and times of Globe’s famous newspaper editor, Aaron Hackney.
The Society Page
Old Globe Cemetery Tour
April 8 ~ Safe House Annual Fundraiser at Dream Manor Inn
Bullion Plaza Museum Executive Director, Tom Foster, represented Sheriff Glenn Reynolds.
Linda Pastor, Betty Reyes and Kathy Speers
Sandi Sechrist and Charla Arrona Charlene Brown, Juanita Hooke and Anita Johnson – San Carlos Café.
Janine Barefoot and Janet Cline
Ester Sanchez and Mary Testa
Anna Petty and Carolyn Gillis, Program Supervisor at the Horizon Domestic Violence Safe Home
Miami High Graduation
Photo by John Petty of KnK Photography
The Society Page
STEMfest 2017 April 23~ Gila Community College
Chef John Wong Hosts Food & Wine Showcase
Photos by Kenneth Chan
Train Depot ~ April 29
Tao Etpison and Cheryl Haozous
Carrie Curley, Anita Lee and Christine Shin
Stephanie and Kenneth Chan
Photo courtesy of Khloe Jones Photography
3rd year wrap up of the CCYS Pre T-Ball League for ages 3-5. The League had 91 players. Coaches this year were Austin Jones, Matt Nabor, Richard Corso, Dan Moat, Orin Kauers, Marcos Franco, Billy Sanchez, Angela O'Brien, Adrianne Villalobos, and Derek Hansen. SPONSORS included 5D Mining, Dairy Queen, Jalin, Divine K-9, IBEW 518, K&K Photography, La Casita, Dominion Cutting Company, CVRMC, and FBFS Aimee Mundy-Ellison.
Gila County RV & Batting Range Park Breaks Ground on Major Expansion
Artist Exhibition at The Hive
San Carlos Artist, Carrie Curley, hosted a one-woman exhibition of her work at the Hive in downtown Phoenix. Photo by Kenneth Chan
Photo by LCGross
Photo courtesy of Kenneth Chan
June 20th ~ Globe, AZ
The Society Page
After 30-years, owner Lois Monarez is breaking ground on her property adjoining the park which will provide for 28 RV spaces. L-to-R Anita Stapleton, John Glaze, Ed Engle, Mike Stapleton (District 4 Globe Councilman), (Yvonne?, Globe City Clerk) Linda Oddenetto (Assistant to the City Manager), Michelle Yerkovich (Globe Code Enforcement), Steve Burke; Chuy Conizales, Paul Jepson (Globe City manager) , Al Gomeros (Globe Mayor) : Board Members: Randy Hunt, Danny Guthrey, Lois Monarrez(Principal), Debbie Guthrey, Patrick Hannigan, Scott Teichrow, Geneva Teichrow, Sarah Ayers, Tim Humphrey (Gila County District 2 Supervisor), Steve Ayers; Stan Gibson (Former Mayor of Globe), Sandy Palmer (Gila County IDA), Lynette Hunt, Vonnie Winterrowd.
April 8 ~ Chrysocolla Inn
L-to-R Evelyn Parker, Caresa Shipley, Madison Voelker, Lena Parker, Bradley Pollock, James Keel, Ruby Parker and Samantha Irish
L-to-R The Satters; Max,Trey and Emilee with Tabby Voelker
United Fund Executive Director, Maryn Belling dropped by with a check for the club.
Globe-Miami Community Concert Association Announces Its 2017/2018 Season The Globe-Miami Community Concert Association announces its 2017/ 2018 season of professional music performances for the entire community to enjoy. This year GMCCA is bringing six performing groups, ranging from an oldies tribute band to a classical Christmas concert. Concerts take place at Miami High or High Desert Middle School and are a great opportunity for a low-cost, enjoyable evening out. This year’s performers and dates are: • October 10: Southwest Surfers is a tribute to the Beach Boys, Jan and Dean, Frankie Valli, Elvis, and the memorable songs from the 50s, 60s, and 70s. Break out your Hawaiian shirts and bleeding madras! 7 p.m. at High Desert Middle School. • November 7: We3 was named in tribute to the Ink Spots’ song and is composed of a pianist, a violinist, and a vocalist—who happens to be the daughter of the lead tenor for the Ink Spots! The trio will perform a variety of jazz, swing, blues, standards, pop, and R&B. 7 p.m. at Miami High School. • December 6: Nathan Pacheco, our holiday concert performer, is a classically trained tenor who has a passion for reaching out and uplifting people through music. He has toured internationally and recorded with Yanni and David Archuleta. 7 p.m. at Miami High School. • March 3: Run Boy Run is a Telluride Bluegrass Festival Band Contest winner and Prairie Home Companion guest. The band’s unique sound truly exceeds the sum of its parts, with an old-time core touched with classical, jazz, and folk. 7 p.m. at High Desert Middle School. • March 27: new|odyssey is a combination of fun, audience interaction, offbeat light humor, careful arrangements, and an all-age appeal with music spanning five decades. The band performs on 30 different musical instruments, including a pocket trumpet, accordion, sousaphone, melodica, banjo, and bass trumpet—plus the amazing electronic percussion jumpsuit! 7 p.m. at High Desert Middle School. • April 17: Jared Pierce is one of Utah’s rising generation of entertainers, an engaging and versatile pianist and collaborator. His performances have taken him to Spain, Portugal, Brazil, and throughout the United States. V isit his Facebook page for a charming introduction to his music, where his two young sons interrupt while he is practicing. 7 p.m. at Miami High School.
Tickets are sold for the entire season, and they run $40 for adults, $10 for students, $90 for a family, and $50 for a single-parent family, for all six concerts. Members can bring out-of-town visitors to the concerts, and if a member can’t attend a concert, the tickets can be given to someone else to use. Normally, music lovers would have to drive at least to Phoenix or Tucson—or even out of state—to see the caliber of performers that GMCCA provides, and pay four or five times as much. GMCCA wants everyone to be able to attend and is able to provide tickets at low cost thanks to generous donations from GMCCA members and local businesses, along with grants, including from the United Fund of Globe-Miami. GMCCA is a non-profit membership organization. GMCCA has reciprocity arrangements in Snowflake, St. Johns, and Bullhead City in Arizona, plus Silver City and Gallup in New Mexico and Delta-Montrose and Grand Junction, Colorado. This means that members can present their membership card at any of the community concerts in these locations and have free admission. Sue Jones, GMCCA’s president, says, “GMCCA is undoubtedly the best music deal in the state of Arizona—or maybe even the country!” To become a member for the 2017/2018 season, mail a check payable to GMCCA to Globe-Miami Community Concert Association, P.O. Box 1222, Claypool, AZ 85532, or visit the White Porch or the Cobre Valley Community Medical Center information desk. For information, call Peggy at (928) 812-1696 or Sue at (928) 425-9236, or email globemiamiconcerts @gmail.com. GMCCA is on Facebook at www.facebook.com/globemiamiconcerts/.
INVITES YOU TO
H E T R AIL APAC
DS A O R L L A LEAD TO I M A I M E B GLO
TO PHOENIX 60 80
77 – FL OR EN C
AY – E H IGHW
HAYDEN WINKELMAN TO TUCSON
and Roosevelt Lake Resort
To Tonto Basin
Brought to you by... 188 Guayo’s On The Trail
Mtn View Dentistry
Electric Dr APS
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Miami High School Cobre Valley Regional Medical Center
Hoofin It Feed & Tack
Ad on is
e gu ea rk L tle Pa Lit B al l s Rd u
Bullion Plaza Museum
Library and Sports Hall of Fame
*Please note: This map is not to scale, it is intended for informational purposes only.
MIAMI HISTORIC DISTRICT GIBSON STREET
JIM COATES GALLERY
WIND HORSE SALOON
JULIE’S QUILT SHOP
SULLIVAN STREET MIAMI AVENUE
SULLIVAN STREET ANTIQUES
DONNA BY DESIGN
SODA POP'S ICE CREAM FOUNTAIN
SODA POP'S ANTIQUES
CITY PARK JOSHUA TREE LAMPSHADES
MIAMI TIRE CO.
DICK’S BROASTED CHICKEN
GUAYO’S EL REY
COPPER MINERS’ REST
BULLION PLAZA Straight Ahead
Golden Hill Nursery
S Ru s
n a oR M c M rt o p ee r F
Gila Historic Museum
ST. JOSEPH’S EPISCOPAL CHURCH
OLD JAIL OLD JAIL
PRETTY PATTY LOU’S
WHITE CENTER FOR PORCH THE ARTS
SALVATION ARMY PRESCHOOL
ONE WAY this block only
CEDAR HILL BED & BREAKFAST
PICKLE BARREL TRADING POST
DESERT OASIS WELLNESS
TURN THE PAGE
CARROLL TRADING CO.
ML& H COMPUTERS
DRIFT INN SALOON
ENTRANCE TO GLOBE DISTRICT OFF HWY 60
TRI CITY FURNITURE
tate Farm F. Shipley Chamber of Commerce
HILL STREET MALL
Noftsger Hill Baseball Complex Dog Park
P Round Mounta
NB ro a dS t
in Park Rd
Cedar Hill B&B
Center for the Arts
N Hill St
BALDWIN ENGINE TRAIN
Round Mountain Park
Downtown Globe Entrance
THE COPPER HEN
MUNICIPAL BUILDING CITY HALL
Southeastern Arizona Behavioral
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BERNARD’S COFFEE STATION
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To Show Low
Kachina Realty Samaritan Vet
Gila County Courthouse
Globe High School
Heritage Health Care
Service First Realty
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Library Pretty Patty Lou’s
Je ss eH
Pickle Barrel Trading Post
ay es Rd
Matlock Gas Pinal Lumber
Globe Community Besh Ba Center Gowah Si x
Hike The Pinals
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Apache Gold Casino • Resort Golf Course 5 MILES
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Taliesin’s Globe-Miami Studio Project Loses Funding Amid Unfulfilled Expectations By Aimee Staten & Linda Gross
he widespread optimism that surrounded the launch of last year’s Globe-Miami Studio Project, which many hoped would spur economic development and make the region a tourist attraction, appears to be gone. It has been replaced by hope from some that the investment this community made in the Frank Lloyd Wright School of Architecture (Taliesin) will pay off as promised. Others, however, say they have seen too little fulfillment of the initial promises that the school laid out in its fundraising campaign here, which raised $785,000 in 2015. Just 18 months into a four-year project, the school is losing nearly a quarter of the pledged monies from its initial investors. The Gila County Industrial Development Authority (IDA), whose eleventh-hour “proxy pledge” of $200,000 was instrumental in launching the Globe-Miami Studio Project, recently informed Taliesin it was withdrawing its pledge, as have individual investors whose pledges total $15,000. Other major stakeholders, including the United Fund of Globe Miami ($400,000), BHP Billiton ($50,000) and Capstone Mining ($100,000) did not respond to inquiries on the matter. Taliesin Dean Aaron Betsky acknowledged the loss of support but said the school is “fully committed to a further two and a half years’ worth of work” in Globe-Miami and that they hope to remain involved “long after that.” In a written response to questions from GMT, Betsky said the school has received $154,000 in pledges so far and has spent $39,000 in cash on the Studio Project. He pointed out that “countless hours of time” from teachers, staff, students and volunteers have gone into the project. “We did this with great pleasure and will continue to do so,” Betsky wrote.
IDA withdraws $200,000 citing lack of appreciable value, other reasons Sandy Palmer, manager of the IDA, said she remembers the presentations by Jason Donofrio, the school’s director of development, when he spoke “passionately about FLLW’s interest in Globe-Miami and rural development as a whole as he outlined a four-year studio project, saying the school’s vision
was to make Globe-Miami a catalyst for redevelopment in rural communities around the U.S.” Although the IDA was not in a position to fund the school’s campaign, Palmer said they were excited about Donofrio’s presentations, which reflected the school’s intention to focus on the Highway 60/70 corridor, both downtown districts and the gateways. Donofrio emphasized that Taliesin is not just a design school, but could and would use its influence to bring tourism, corporate sponsorships and investment to the area. Both in the presentations and the school’s synopsis of the project, Donofrio stated the school would purchase materials and provide “boots on the ground” to implement designs. The IDA and others saw statements like this as adding tremendous value to the prospects of the four-year studio project that went beyond designs provided by students. When it became apparent that despite raising $585,000 from the community, Taliesin was still going to be short of its $2 million funding goal, Palmer said Donofrio discussed a “proxy pledge” that would buy him time. She said he stressed that with federal and private grants and the mines’ annual contributions, it would be no trouble for Taliesin to raise the $200,000 it needed. The school just needed more time. “Jason promised that any/all additional donations from the mines and/or other sources would be applied toward the IDA’s $200K pledge, making it a community proxy pledge,” Palmer said. Donofrio abandoned that promise as soon as the school was awarded $70,000 from FMI’s Community Investment Fund last June, according to Palmer. Palmer said that when she mentioned she was grateful $70,000 had been raised toward the $200,000 proxy pledge, Donofrio denied ever asking the IDA to pledge in proxy for the community. She said Donofrio went on to say Taliesin was not responsible for soliciting federal or private grants, corporate sponsorships or any additional funding for the Studio Project on behalf of Globe-Miami. It was during that conversation that Donofrio’s lack of interest in the project became obvious, and his conversations shifted from emphasizing how much Taliesin wanted to do, to defending how little they were actually planning to do, Palmer said. Taliesin, Continued on page 26
Taliesin, Continued from page 25
The IDA is withdrawing its $200,000 pledge, citing, among its reasons, “a lack of appreciable value in the work and the fact that it is FLLW who is assigning price (value) rather than allowing the community to concur with the value assessment of the project.” Betsky recently described Taliesin’s role as one of helping to implement ideas that come from the community rather than taking initiative in developing aspirations, strategies and plans. “I would like to note that we have said from the beginning that we are not coming in with grand plans or overall strategies,” Betsky said. “We want to and are working with the communities in Globe Miami to find out what they need and to what they aspire, collecting ideas and information and then working to make those dreams and desires concrete. That means that we have not presented big, expensive designs but things that can and should be done. After a year and a half, we are beginning to implement some of those projects.”
The latest Taliesin project focuses on Inspiration School The Inspiration School project may be an exception to avoiding big, expensive designs. Since January, the Studio Project has been working on the old Inspiration School in Miami at the request of school administration. Accessible only by a narrow one-way street, the school has been abandoned for decades. Glen Lineberry, principal of Miami High School, said the project is an attempt to turn “vices into virtues” for one of the district’s properties. He is excited about having Taliesin develop concepts for teacher housing and public spaces in the old building. Speaking of the Studio Project’s work to date on the project, Lineberry said, “The ideas were great, and mostly not wildly expensive—aside from the
elevated basketball court above the parking lot and some extraordinary window boxes.” “We came away with a sense of what can be done, and our students (who worked on the project with Taliesin students) learned a great deal,” he said. One estimate by a Taliesin student put the cost of the project at between $5 million and $7 million, but Lineberry said his plan is to “come up with answers to general costs by the end of the fall so a development plan can come together.” Acoording to Betsky, several attendees at the public exhibition the design work in April expressed interest in sponsoring the work. Betsky says the school plans to present the work to one of the Valley’s largest architecture firms this summer for possible sponsorship. Palmer and others point out this is the second ‘million-dollar’ design project the Studio Project has done in Miami, the first being the Miami Memorial Library last year, for which students envisioned a skywalk, a basketball court and “less room for books.” That project was roundly criticized as being impractical.
Contract between GCC and Taliesin pending Betsky said the school is poised to sign a contract this summer with Gila Community College. Jay Spehar, GCC board president, expressed frustration with Taliesin after sitting down with Donofrio six months ago to present a contract proposal that outlined a clear path for the schools to work together. In June, Spehar notified the school that GCC would be seeking another partner if Taliesin couldn’t deliver. “I do not feel like FLW has considered GCC or Globe-Miami to be a priority,” he said. As this article was going to press, Spehar said he had heard back from Taliesin, and things seemed to be moving forward. The contract gives Taliesin the option of inviting GCC to participate in projects, and GCC would have full control over the type and scope of work they engage in with community partners. GCC’s primary criterion is that any project
they work on be public, not private. Spehar says he believes the arrangement will offer students “valuable experience in working with trained architects on public projects, while, at the same time, benefitting the local community.” When contacted by GMT, Betsky stated in an email that the Studio Project has made some strides in the last year. He pointed to “small, do-able projects” by students that, according to Betsky, garnered a great deal of support. He went on to state in the email that Taliesin was “working with business owners and the city to secure funding to move (these projects) forward.” Globe City Councilman Mike Stapleton said he is not aware of any such discussions, and added that he “has not heard anything from or about what Taliesin is doing locally for some time.” Paul Jepson, city manager, said he met recently with Michael Twenty-Three, Taliesin’s newly hired project liaison, who asked for his help in identifying a potential location for a pop-up park. The park is one of the Taliesin projects designed for Broad Street last semester, and the original location was found to be untenable after the school discovered the design utilized private property and was not available for a park. Jepson said he has not had any discussions with Taliesin on costs or project funding for the pop-up park.
No evidence to point to It is the lack of visible results delivered by Taliesin that has some early supporters withdrawing their support and money. Business owners Jim and Kelly Moss, who have owned the Pickle Barrel Trading Post for more than 10 years, initially pledged $2,000 of their own money to Taliesin. After seeing few results after nearly two years, they said they do not intend to make good on that pledge. “There has never been a bigger con job done to our community than this one,” Kelly said. One of the reasons the Mosses lent their support to the project, Kelly said, was
that Donofrio claimed the Frank Lloyd Wright School—which sees thousands of visitors each year at its Taliesin West campus in north Scottsdale—would send tourists to the community, as well. That hasn’t happened, she said, adding that a tourism guide which featured the schools’ project and was underwritten by advertising revenue from local businesses like the Pickle Barrel was never distributed by the school as Donofrio had promised. Kelly said as far as she was concerned, Taliesin did not live up to its promises to this community. “As far as I know, they painted a bunch of cool-looking murals in Miami and then some of the students drew up an absurd architectural drawing for the Miami Library,” she said. Bob Zache and his wife, Joanne, have sent in $3,000 of a $15,000 pledge, but Bob said “the school is not getting any more” of his money unless he “sees some results.” He pointed to the lack of visibility or acknowledgment that GlobeMiami is a “Taliesin Town.” “[Taliesin] said they were going to make a name here, and there is not one visible sign anywhere that would let anyone know that Taliesin chose GlobeMiami to put their mark on,” Bob said. “Part of the reason I put up the money is because they said they were going to promote the area and make us a ‘Taliesin town.’ I haven’t seen any evidence of that at all.”
Paint the Town rescheduled after its importance is stressed to Taliesin One visible accomplishment locals can point to is the Miami Paint the Town weekend, a community event hosted by Taliesin last spring that brought out more than 150 volunteers to work with architectural students and staff to paint buildings and murals and clean up empty lots along the Highway 60 corridor. Taliesin, Continued on page 27
Betsky confirmed that the school plans to “host a Globe Paint the Town event in November,” although it is not clear whether Taliesin will fund the event and participate as they did last year. Cornwell has said the downtown association is “keeping their fingers crossed” and will plan to offset costs depending on what Taliesen does, but their capacity to fund the event is limited. Cornwell said local artist Diana Tunis will be working up renderings for interested businesses and property owners. A date for the event has not been set.
Taliesin, Continued from page 26
The event was held at the behest of the Taliesin Advisory Committee, which Donofrio formed to serve as a sounding board and to offer direction and local support to Taliesin on the Studio Project. According to one member, the committee saw Paint the Town as a way to both harness the energy of people who wanted to be involved with Taliesin’s efforts here but didn’t know how, and create a tangible project that would leave a positive impression on the community before the architectural students left the area for their annual five-month internship in Wisconsin. Advisory committee members Molly Cornwell and Tom Foster took the lead and helped organize and implement the event, and Taliesin purchased nearly $10,000 in paint, supplies and food. Reports GMT published while covering the event found varied opinions about the mural designs and colors selected, but there was a general consensus that the event marked a high point in the first year of the Studio Project, showing what could be accomplished when the community really engaged with the school. Therefore, it came as a surprise to many, including members of the Globe Downtown Association, when Donofrio announced at a March meeting with a sub committee that the school was not
Taliesin receives accreditation, but will school keep promises to Globe-Miami? The Inspiration School in Miami is being re-envisioned as teacher housing and a community center, but the viability of funding and location raises questions regarding whether this project meets the original intent of the Globe Miami Studio Project which was a focus on the downtown districts, gateways and Highway 60 corridor. Photo by LCGross planning a Paint the Town event in Globe this spring. Instead, it would be hosting an Earth Day celebration with local high school students on the grounds of Bullion Plaza. Cornwell, who sits on the downtown association board, reminded Donofrio that many in the community were
expecting the Globe event and suggested “it would be a huge mistake to drop it after telling people (during last year’s event) that next year would be their turn.” Donofrio expressed surprise in that meeting that there was local interest and promised to go back to the school to see what could be done.
Thanks in large part to the financial support of Globe-Miami, Taliesin announced in March that it had succeeded in maintaining accreditation. In the process, the school dropped the name of its famous founder and rebranded itself The School of Architecture at Taliesin. With local support crumbling from once staunch supporters, the question remains: After so many in Globe-Miami stepped up to support Taliesin in reaching its goal, will the school stand by its promises to our community?
GILA COUNTY FAIR OVER THE YEARS Timeline compiled by Linda Brost, Donna Anderson and Linda Gross
~ 1955 ~
~ 1893 ~ N.S. Berray, Gila County’s World’s Fair Commissioner, ships 4,000 pounds of mineral specimens, mostly copper ores from various mines in the Globe District, to the World’s Fair in Chicago. They form Gila County’s exhibit at the fair, making an attractive display.
In March, candidates for Gila County Fair Queens Arizona Silver Belt.
~ 1962 ~
~ 1906 ~ The Territorial Fair in Phoenix includes representation by J.F. Hechtman, the Gila County Fair Commissioner.
~ 1920 ~ An investigation into pricing methods at the Gila County Fair finds that “in practically every instance dealers representing more than 200 commodities had been pricing their services lower than what the committee deemed fair.” Investigation closes with this report.
~ 1923 ~ Rodeo events at the Gila County Fair continue after rain delays. Relay races using mules highlight this year’s fair. Joe Cline takes first prize.
Gila County Fair is held at Pine.
~ 1964 ~ In September, the first 4H club, called the Gila MonSteers, is started by local rancher Bob Boice with six kids. Since there were no facilities in Globe to hold the livestock show and sale, the kids had to haul their steers to Tucson.
~ 1924 ~ The Gila County Board of Supervisors puts up $1,000 to establish a fairgrounds in northern Gila County at Frontier Park. State matches the funds.
~ 1947 ~ In September, the first Gila County Fair is held since World War II began. The fair is held in Young in the “heart of Pleasant Valley.”
Once the fairgrounds were in operation, the Gila MonSteers had a home. With no scale to weigh the steers at the fairgrounds, the kids hauled them to Buster Mounce’s stockyards on Walliman Road. As a UofA alumnus, Boice engaged the assistance of the UofA Extension Service, with Van Wilson as County Agent. Globe rancher Jim Tidwell, also a UofA alum, got livestock judges through the Extension Service. Kids had to show their steers on the racetrack since there was no show pen at the time. The occasional cantankerous steer would escape, and the chase was on. It would be several years before a show ring is built.
Mark Your Calendars!
MONSTER TRUCKS Auction LIVE BANDS
All American Cook Off Carnival Rides for the Kids *Get your tickets at the Chamber of Commerce September 21-24 or At The Gate
~ 1967 ~
~ 1974 ~
County Supervisor Bill Bohme approaches Globe rancher Kendrick Holder regarding land on which to build a racetrack. The Holders’ ranch ran along Highway 60, and Kendrick held a 10-year renewable lease on state land, with the stipulation that it be used for agriculture. Holder donates 160 acres for the racetrack, with the understanding that it will be used for the fair, thus upholding the agreement with the state. With the efforts of Joe and Mabel Bassett, County Supervisor Bill Byrne, and others, along with volunteers from the Globe Junior Chamber of Commerce – who work day and night on the track – it is ready for the 1967 race season, and racing begins.
In August, the Arizona Silver Belt reports “Addition of the Gila County Derby, with an estimated $10,000 purse, makes it a double barreled attraction for the 1974 horse racing season.”
~ 1975 ~ In July, the 10 days of the Gila County Fair include horse racing, a dance, and parade. The three-day Copper Dust Stampede Rodeo is held in conjunction with the fair. Donna Anderson serves as County Fair Chair. The fair is held in Pine on September 12 and 13 and at the fairgrounds in Globe September 18-21.
~ 1968 ~ Fair and Racing Commission Chairman Bob Boice, with support of Globe Mayor Louis, spearheads efforts to improve the fairground. A new rodeo arena is completed.
In October an advertisement appears for races.
~ 1969 ~
~ 1989 ~
In March, a “Western Week” is designated, and a rodeo is held at the fairgrounds. The County Fair is held in Young.
In April, a Rodeo Chili Cookoff offers $30 for first prize.
~ 1970 ~ In March, the Copper Dust Stampede gets an RCA Certificate. Lynn Sheppard serves as rodeo chairman. Gene Hazen reveals plans for a western dance March 21 as a “housewarming” for the new multi-purpose building on the Gila County Fairgrounds. Advance tickets for the rodeo cost $1.75. Seating is available for some 2,500 spectators. The Globe-Miami Vigilantes, spearheaded by Guy Anderson and Archie Smith, create the authentic Old West town of Two Bits, where gunfights, go-cart races, and dances are held. Proceeds from these ventures are earmarked for fairground development. A newspaper feature appears on Ed Conway, “cowboy who made good on the national circuit riding bulls. Born in Globe, grew up on a Tonto Basin ranch.”
~ 1995 ~ A bill introduced in state legislature in January would allow mules to race at county fairs—a venue previously reserved for thoroughbreds and quarter horses. County-fair folks want mule races because there’s a shortage of quality horseflesh in Arizona. Mules apparently are faster than Arabians and slower than quarter horses in short distances” (Sports section, Arizona Republic, July 19, 1995). Senate Bill 1048 becomes law, and county fairs are allowed to race mules.
~ 1971 ~ In August, “Copper plated race track using tailings from a nearby copper mine were assayed at $7.50 per ton, making the track worth some $40,000 in copper alone.” Arizona SilverBelt Proceeds from horse racing help develop the fairgrounds. The Gila County Fair includes the Copper Dust Stampede, Boy Scout fair, Copper Cities Square Dance Festival, and Gila County Gem and Mineral Show. Bob Boice serves as Chairman of the Gila County Fair and Racing Commission. In November, the fifth annual horse racing season kicks off. Purse is $350 plus 5% of the mutuel handle for each race. Nine races are scheduled. Headline reads: “They’re Off!”
Credit goes to Senator Bill Hardy, D-Globe, a veteran of 28 years in the Arizona legislature. When asked, he said a fellow Lions Club member approached him and said they might have to curtail racing altogether—there just weren’t enough horses to fill the races. Hardy said, “I kind of laughed at first, then I found out these people are dead serious. It might be a great attraction to see these long-eared animals race. They’ll have to be registered with a breeder organization. Anybody with a mule in his backyard won’t be able to bring him to the track and race him.”
~ March 1999 ~ 31st Annual Copper Dust Stampede Pro Rodeo is held at Gila County Fairgrounds.
COBRE VALLEY YOUTH CLUB
GLOBE (Published April 12, 2017) – Despite rumors, the Globe Boys & Girls Club is not closing. It’s just changing its name and part of its mission. As of July 1, the Club will be called the Cobre Valley Youth Club (CVYC) and will no longer be under the umbrella of the Boys & Girls Clubs of the East Valley, which has been its parent company since 2012. The current mission, which is to be a communitybased, character-building youth development organization, will change only slightly with the new organization. The goal of CVYC will be to serve ages 5-10 with enrichment programs that make learning fun and rewarding while building character – much as it does now. The CVYC will be a safe, fun place for young people in these age groups to hang out, learn new things and have adventures. School day homework help will continue to be a focus for these ages.
New Name, New Focus
The new club will change its direction for Club members ages 11-18, however, and will focus more on shaping their futures with tutoring, intern opportunities, volunteering and college prep programs. “Our goal will be to demystify the high school and college experience so young people can actually prepare themselves in advance of college and the workforce,” said Fernando Shipley, chairman of CVYC. Plans include involving local educators, agencies, businesses and experts to guide young people through the steps necessary to realize their goals. Several local business owners have already expressed interest in being part of the process.
Matt Storms has served on the Board of the Globe Boys and Girls Club for nearly two years. He is happy with the change and says it is all about looking out for the best interest of the kids. He now serves as the Vice Chair of the Cobre Valley Youth Club (CVYC). Photo by LC Gross
“The most important things we need to teach our children to do is dream and to never stop dreaming, then it’s our job to provide them with the experiences and opportunities that will help them follow those dreams,” Matt Storms, vice chair for CVYC, said. “We all want what’s best for our kids and our communities – that goes hand in hand. It’s our responsibility to show them that any dream is attainable with work and dedication.” Aimee Staten, who is presently the branch executive of the local Boys & Girls Club, will be the executive director of the Cobre Valley Youth Club and will ensure continuity of service for members and parents. “It is important to us that parents and members know we are here for them,” she said. Club hours and fees will remain the same. The after-school program will be 3-6 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 7:30 a.m.-5:30 p.m. on Fridays. During the summer, the Club will be open 7:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. Monday through Friday. Fees will continue to be $25 for an annual membership and $25 per individual or $40 per family per month during the school year. Summer rates are $30 per member or $50 per family per week. East Valley CEO Mark Hanke recently wrote a letter to Club donors announcing the separation.
Aimee Staten, who currently serves as the Branch Executive of the Boys and Girls Club, is overseeing the club transition to CVYC. She says she has had support from both the Boys and Girls Club of East Valley and her Board in this process. She will continue to serve as Executive Director of the new CVYC. Photo by LC Gross
“It has been an absolute pleasure serving the youth and teens of the Globe community,” he wrote. “We have worked hard to create an environment of growth and opportunity for the members and will turn the program over to the Cobre Valley Youth Club to continue where we have left off.”
Join Us in Shaping the Future of Local Youth There are several ways to become part of the movement that will, ultimately, change the landscape for young people in this area. People can contribute financially by calling Fernando Shipley at 928-7013424 or Matt Storms at 602-300-1685. They can also visit the Club at 1435 Hagen Rd. Please call Aimee Staten at 928-793-3926 for more information on the Club or for contribution ideas. The Club can also use volunteers in several different areas, including experts in business, environment, gardening, outdoor survival, canning and other self-reliance skills. The Club’s goal is to give young people exposure in various career fields and help them apply for scholarships, prepare for job interviews, etc. ■
SUMMER VACATION IS HERE AND TEACHERS ARE LIVING THE SWEET LIFE “Building data walls and charts.”
Story and photos by Debbie Leverance
GLOBE (Published July 1) – I remember thinking years ago how easy teachers had it – the perfect job for a wife and mother! Convenient schedule, home when the kids were, and relaxed weekends with family. Summers off camping in the woods or reading on the porch. As with most of our childhood imaginings, adult reality is a little messier, a bit less rosy and tempered by the bank balance much more than it should be. Even so, most teachers meet the end of the year with a touch of sadness and a sigh of relief. A class really does become a close family over the course of a year, and after putting a bit of yourself in each of your students, it’s a little hard when they move on and out. This is the time to reflect on the successes and on the regrets, considering what worked and what needs to work better in the coming year. That’s the thing about teachers, they are eternal optimists. As they straighten the room for the last time this year, they are already planning how to best welcome and motivate the kids who will walk in that classroom door in a few short weeks.
“Still working on schedules.” As I said earlier, all teachers begin preparing for the coming year as soon as the departing class heads out the door. We look at the student progress for the kids we have had for the year to see what they mastered and what caused them to struggle. We take apart lessons and research new ways to present difficult material. We look at the progress of the kids that are coming in to our class to determine what areas of strengths and gaps they carry forward. Then we take our best teaching strategies and plan how we can and adjust them to meet those incoming kids at the right level and with the most effective and engaging activities we can. Lots of data study, research, planning, collaborating, practicing and preparing materials – and big chunks of time!
June is student summer session, so some of our teachers and staff work through the month, and through July some can work on curriculum or other instructional projects. For others, summer is an opportunity to put in more hours at their year-round, part-time second job. Department and district meetings go on all summer. Club sponsors and coaches work with kids throughout summer. Before you know it, July 18 rolls around and back to school trainings begin.
“I have been printing materials and getting ideas from Pinterest on how to set up my room and curriculum to better meet my students’ needs. I haven’t done a lot this month; I gave it to myself for finishing my masters. July will be back to work – although not exactly paid work.”
“Planning our daily schedule, gathering supplies for quiet activity boxes and coloring.” I’ve checked with some local teachers to see how they are spending their summer. Here’s what I heard.
“I’ve been to school twice to organize and rearrange.”
“Getting ready to visit my daughter in Colorado!”
“The Senior Hall is almost ready to go for the new year!”
Summer break is eight weeks, and most teachers will actually take a couple of weeks for true rest and recovery. Several of our teachers are off around the country to visit with family or just to enjoy a change of scenery. Teachers tend to be avid readers, but long days and busy schedules during the school year leave many just too tired, so break is a time to catch up on the stack of novels and professional reading accumulating next to the bed. Many teachers are dedicated volunteers outside the school setting and break is their time to give more to the causes they support. And summer is truly important family time as well. During the school year, especially working within the long daily hours of the four-day week, teachers use weekends planning lessons, gathering materials, grading, completing paperwork and working out family logistics for the coming week.
“Work, work, work!” “I’m still working with kids who want to get a summer credit.”
“In IL, visiting family and friends. Going to a college reunion!!!
Colleges have adjusted their calendars to meet t he needs of Arizona teachers and offer short, intensive classes that fit the summer shrinking summer break. Many teachers become students over summer, as all teachers are required to continue their own professional learning.
“I’ve been using all my ink in my new copier creating new literacy centers and grammar/ vocabulary word walls. Also taking some great ELA webinars.” “Fine tuning my teacher tracker (excel beast) used to track student data for data driven instruction, creating new lessons for AzMERIT/ Galileo enrichment and remediation sessions, gathering student welcome materials, procrastinating…”
Finally, the fun stuff - preparing the physical classroom. Some of us have spent summers painting our rooms, many of us scour yard sales and discount stores looking for shelves, rugs, bulletin board decorations, realia, books and items for incentive, and all of us have invested hours and hours to make sure our classes are welcoming and ready to stimulate our new students on the first day. Not just teachers either- our principals have been caught outside painting pillars, weed-whacking and remodeling libraries. So it turns out teacher summer is not just floating in the pool, nibbling bonbons. Teaching is a year round commitment, regardless of the number of days students are actually in class. Recognizing that, Arizona richly rewarded her teachers’ expertise and dedication in the last legislative session. Yes, our legislators squeezed out a 1% teacher salary increase, enough to buy a daily Tall Starbucks regular coffee. Or, for the teacher planning on some summer dental work next year, if they save all that additional money, they’ll have enough for about one-third of a root canal. Good thing teachers tend to be optimists. ■
LocalNewsHighlights HUMAN SOCIETY AUCTION TICKETS ON SALE
GLOBE (Published March 2, 2017) – Tickets are now on sale for the 2017 High Desert Humane Society Calendar Auction. The annual auction is a highlight of the summer, when more than 200 people attend and bid on each month of the Humane Society’s calendar. The winners’ pet will be pictured on the calendar for that month. This year’s event takes place July 29 in the beautiful Bullion Plaza gymnasium. The theme is Bark in the Park, so dress will be casual for a picnic-style evening. The gym is air-conditioned, making for a fun, comfortable summer event. Tenney Catering will serve a gourmet hamburger bar, with delicious sides and homemade cobbler. Carl & Friends will entertain with lively music, and the Miami Lions will provide a no-host bar. As usual, the always entertaining Dr. Jeff Eubank will serve as auctioneer. In addition to the live calendar auction, the evening will include silent auctions, prize drawings, a raffle for a Yamaha Raptor and door prizes. Doors will open at 4:30 p.m. for viewing and no-host cocktails, dinner will be served at 6 p.m., and the auction will begin immediately after dinner. The Humane Society counts on this auction every year to generate funds to care for the animals of Gila County. Every year the Humane Society cares for more than 500 dogs and as many cats. Besides normal care, HDHS provides emergency medical care for many San Carlos and Globe-Miami dogs, as well as spaying and neutering. “It takes a whole community working together to have a successful Humane Society, and unfortunately it
takes money,” says HDHS president Cheryl Brazell. “This is one way for our citizens to participate in keeping us going and have a wonderfully enjoyable evening doing it.” Tickets are $25, and a portion of the amount may be tax deductible. Please consider donating items for the auction. They can be dropped off at 150 W. Mesquite Street Tuesday through Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., or the Humane Society will pick them up—call (928) 425-2220. Tickets can be delivered upon request. The volunteers at the Humane Society hope you will join in this fun and worthwhile event. For more information, please call (928) 425-2220 or (928) 701-1912. ■
Marijuana, cash and oxycodone pills were found during the traffic stop. Courtesy photo.
SHERIFF DEPARTMENT ANNOUNCES SEIZURE OF MARIJUANA AND OXYCODONE PILLS WORTH OVER $40,000 GILA COUNTY (Published April 10) – During a traffic stop near Pine, on Hwy 87 milepost 252, Gila County Sheriff detectives from the Drug Task Force discovered approximately 12 bundles of hydroponic marijuana and 57 oxycodone pills, a narcotic drug. The vehicle along with $281 in cash was seized as a part of this investigation. The street value of the marijuana is estimated at $39,000
and the street value of the oxycodone narcotic pills at $1,710. The stop, which occurred on April 11, 2017, at approximately 4:30 a.m, included a canine search which alerted deputies to the possible drugs. As a result of the investigation Jimmy Brown and Amanda Wellington, both age 20, were arrested and booked into Gila County Jail for the Possession of Marijuana, Possession of Marijuana for Sale, Transportation of Marijuana for Sale, Possession of a Narcotic Drug, Possession of a Narcotic Drug for Sale, Possession of Drug Paraphernalia. The Gila County Sheriff’s Office is committed to continuing an aggressive stance on the drug problems that impact our communities. Sheriff J. Adam Shepherd would like to thank the Arizona Criminal Justice Commission for their continued funding of the Gila County Drug, Gang, and Violent Crimes Task Force which makes operations such as this possible. ■
WIFA ANNOUNCES $3 MILLION LOAN CLOSING FOR CITY OF GLOBE PHOENIX (Published June 15) – The City of Globe continues to take measures to ensure safe, reliable drinking water for its citizens. The Water Infrastructure Finance Authority of Arizona (WIFA) announced today that it has closed a $3 million loan for the City of Globe to repair and upgrade its aging drinking water system. This new loan continues the WIFA funding provided in 2014 to support the City’s efforts to rehabilitate and improve its drinking water distribution infrastructure. Utilizing the financial assistance provided by WIFA, Globe will replace waterlines
in the Arlington, downtown and northeast areas of the City. Other drinking water infrastructure to be upgraded with these funds includes water meters for commercial establishments, a booster pump and a well. The City’s drinking water service area includes approximately 7,500 people. “Updated efficient water infrastructure is essential to safeguarding the well-being of Arizona families and building Arizona’s sustainable water future,” said WIFA Executive Director, Trish Incognito. “We are working closely with the City of Globe and other municipalities around the state to invest in important water and wastewater projects that will protect the environment and keep Arizona communities healthy and livable.” After evaluating Globe’s financial situation and the ability of the community to afford the loan, WIFA approved $750,000 in forgivable principal to offset the project costs. In addition, WIFA provided Globe with $35,000 in technical assistance funding to develop a Preliminary Engineering Report for these and other water distribution system improvements. In 2014, WIFA financed a $5.5 million loan with $3 million in forgivable principal to fund the first phase of system improvements. About WIFA WIFA is a governmental organization dedicated to protecting public health and promoting environmental quality through financial assistance for water and wastewater infrastructure. WIFA offers funding for drinking water, wastewater and stormwater projects designed to ensure safe, reliable drinking water and proper wastewater treatment. Over the last 25 years, WIFA has invested over $2 billion in Arizona’s communities. For more information, please visit WIFA’s website at azwifa.gov. ■
JAMES MENLOVE HAS ACCEPTED THE POSITION OF GILA COUNTY MANAGER GILA COUNTY (Published June 1, 2017) – Since October 2016, Menlove has served as Gila County’s Finance Director. “I am excited at the prospect of serving as County Manager and am humbled by the outpouring of support from the staff,” says Menlove. Menlove impressed the hiring committee and Board of Supervisors with his ideas about long-term financial planning as part of a sound strategic plan and his commitment to improving County policies. “James’ years of finance experience and proven leadership make him an excellent choice for the future of Gila County,” says outgoing County Manager John Nelson. In less than a year as Finance Director, Menlove has guided Gila County to make significant progress on pending audits. Under
his direction, the department has greatly streamlined the annual budget process. Since starting at Gila County, Menlove has taken an active role in economic development, such as serving on the City of Globe Mayor’s Marketing Task Force and advocating for an asset inventory to help attract new businesses to the County. Menlove came to Gila County with over 12 years of experience as finance director at neighboring Navajo County. When he took the reins at Navajo County, it was widely considered to be “unauditable.” Under his leadership, it became an award-winning model for government finance. For seven consecutive years Menlove received the Government Finance Officers Association’s (GFOA) Distinguished Budget Presentation Award. He took home the GFOA’s Certificate of Achievement for Excellence in Financial Reporting for five consecutive years. He also has valuable experience on the Public Safety Personnel Retirement System (PSPRS) Reform Task Force that developed the “yardstick” tool, which was used by the state legislature to develop PSPRS reforms that were approved statewide in May 2016. Menlove served two terms as president of the Government Finance Officers Association of Arizona. Before his time at Navajo County, Menlove served as the comptroller for Mohave County Community College District, an accountant for the City of Phoenix, and a Senior Auditor at the Arizona Office of the Auditor General. Menlove holds a BS in Accounting and a Certificate of Public Management, both from ASU. Menlove’s new role is effective immediately. However, former County Manager John Nelson will stay on as an advisor to facilitate a smooth transition in the coming months. ■
Front Row – Carol Ptak, CassieLyman, Tyler DalMolin; Center Row – Joe Wilson, Therese Hicks, Frank DalMolin, Kim Oddonetto, Alfred Ellison; Back Row – Aimee Mundy-Ellison, Jill Wilson; Not shown – Angie, Cole
GILA COUNTY BECOMES 14TH FARM BUREAU AGENCY IN THE STATE GILA COUNTY (Published July 10, 2017) – A group of Gila County ranchers made a bit of history this June when they formed a Farm Bureau in Gila County. Of Arizona’s fifteen counties, Gila County becomes the 14th to form a Farm Bureau; a grassroots, volunteer-led farming and ranching advocacy organization. The group met in June and voted unanimously to form a Farm Bureau, electing rancher, Cassie Lyman as its first president. Quoting from a John Michael Montgomery’s song, “Life’s a Dance,” Lyman made the point that the newly formed group would ‘learn as they go.’ According to Kevin Rogers, President of the Arizona Farm Bureau, the organization assists members tackle challenges faced by the agriculture industry “from lobbying on county, state and national issues to discussions issues of profitability, property rights, labor, water, trade, farm policy, tax issues and
environmental issues. “ A portion of all membership dollars collected from the Gila County farm Bureau Agency will stay in the county and will be used to preserve and improve the local agriculture industry through education, political activities, programs and services. For more information call Cassie Lyman at (928) 978-7926.
Board Members include: Cassie Lyman (President), Angie Newbold (Vice President), Tyler DalMolin (Secretary), Carol Ptak (Treasurer), Alfred Ellison (Director), Frank DalMolin (Director), Joe Wilson (Director), Kim Oddonetto (Director), YF&R (Cole Newbold), Women's Leadership Chair (Therese Hicks), and Ex-Officio members; Aimee Mundy-Ellison and Jill Wilson ■
Apache Jii Day cultural weekend and heighten awareness of the native American culture and contemporary issues related to tribal nations. Curley, who has worked for the Heard Museum and the Pueblo Gande Archaeological Museum, has more than 20 years in event planning. If you are interested in more information on the Apache Arrow Native American Film Festival or how you can get involved or help grow the festival, contact Isaac Curley at (602) 585-1076. ■
APACHE ARROW NATIVE AMERICAN FILM FESTIVAL SAN CARLOS (Published June 30, 2017) – Plans to develop a native American Film festival in Globe, as part of the annual Apache Jii Day are underway. The founder of the film festival, Isaac Curley (Apache/Navajo) hopes to host a soft launch with just one movie this coming fall showcasing the film, “Smoke Signals” (1998) which won several awards including Best Film at the 1998 American Indian Film Festival. Curley says the event will be free to the public and held at Best Ba Gowah in Globe on October 21 in the evening. He is currently working on sponsorships and grant funding which will help him grow the film festival and ‘provide a means to budding and accomplished filmmakers to screen their films to a diverse audience and offer a credible opportunity to promote and market their films for wider distribution. He says the venue is a way to broaden the scope of the annual
COUNTY TO RECEIVE $300,000 IN FEDERAL FUNDS GILA COUNTY (Published June 22, 2017) – Gila County responded proactively to flooding concerns related to the Pinal Fire by securing $300,000 in federal funds to clean out waterways in the Globe-Miami area. “We’re thrilled to not only better prepare our area for the oncoming monsoon season, but also to bring these dollars back to Gila County residents and local contractors,” says
Gila County Manager James Menlove. Pending final approval, the County should receive the funding from the Natural Resource Conservation Service’s (NRCS) Emergency Watershed Protection Program the week of July 3. “We have been working really hard to have all the pieces in place so we’re ready to get the work done when the money arrives,” says Menlove. One of the stipulations of the funding is that all of the work must be completed within 10 days of when the funding is disbursed. County staff has lined up local contractors to clear debris from the drainages downstream of the Pinal Fire burn scar. Staff has also been going door to door to obtain permission from residents to access waterways on private property. Gila County will put up the bulk of the 25% match required of the funding and has partnered with the City of Globe to fulfill the remaining portion of the match. The City of Globe will perform flood mitigation work in the washes within city limits. UPDATE: Work began on clean up in Icehouse, Kellner and Six Shooter Canyons on Thursday, July 6th. ■
The view of Connie's bridge upstream where work by City crews has already begun. Photo by LC Gross.
TONTO BASIN KIWANIS CLUB ROOSEVELT (Published July 5, 2017) – The Tonto Basin Kiwanis Club now owns not just one but two buildings. The club recently purchased a manufactured building that used to be a church and moved it to their property on Old Route 188. The original building houses a thrift store, community room, and space that was home to the (now discontinued) community food bank. Under the leadership of Greta Snyder, the club plans to use the new building to host after-school activities and events for students. It will also house a new community room – with a real kitchen. Kiwanis events – such as the annual Halloween Carnival, Christmas Angel Tree, and Easter Egg Hunt – will be held in the new building. This will free up space for the Thrift Store to expand and enhance its ambiance in the current building. The club is remodeling the thrift store and awaiting final approval from the state to complete the setup of the new building. Meetings are held Wednesdays at 9 a.m. at the M&M Café, and visitors are always welcome. ■
Artist Pays Tribute To Libraries With New Mural Story and Photos By Linda Gross
It is one woman's tribute to libraries, the Miami Memorial Library, to be precise. Artist Patty Sjolin put in 100 hours transforming the lobby of the Miami library with a colorful mural that now covers two walls top to bottom. The design includes nods to much-loved titles for children including The Cat in the Hat and Meet Peter Rabbit, salutes to Arizona history and Vandal pride, and an embrace of the great classics of literature. “I loved doing this mural,“ says Sjolin. “My hope is that the visitor will take a minute to enjoy the mural as they enter the library, and that, like a puzzle, every book and extra piece has a significant
Roy Plascencia and Delvan Hayward, with artist Patty Sjolin. She was in the process of finishing up the "Arizona" section when this photo was taken. Photo by LCGross
these special collection items require that they be behind glass and under lock and key. The new display case with specialty lighting and locks will ensure that special items can now be displayed to entice visitors to linger and explore the library’s resources. The idea for the mural came later and evolved. Hayward first approached Randy Chapman who owns a boutique with his wife, Donna, in Miami about building a bench for the lobby. “My idea was to have
A section of the mural representing children’s books and Vandal pride. Photo by LCGross
meaning, adding that she sees the mural as a tribute to the love of libraries. “As the age of electronics becomes more the normal,” says Sjolin, “libraries are losing what was so magical about them.” Her work is part of a larger effort to upgrade the lobby at Miami Memorial Library which began earlier this year with a grant from the State Library. Delvan Hayward, Miami’s librarian, says she initially had high hopes for working with the Taliesin group last year on the concept and funding for the library, but when that didn’t happen, she decided
to apply for a small library grant instead, and to focus on the lobby. “I’m so grateful for the support of Supervisor Mike Pastor (former Gila County District 2 Supervisor), and my MHS 1964 classmates,” says Hayward. “They all pitched in to come up with the matching funds for a $25,000 State Library Grant.” The main focus of the grant was to upgrade the lobby’s display case so it could be used to feature items from the many special collections housed in the library that have not been visible to the public. The value of
a small mural painted on the bench,” says Hayward, “so he introduced me to Patty, who had also worked with them on projects at their shop.” Sjolin, she says, was determined to include everyone’s ideas and suggestions and quickly captured the spirit of the project and then expanded on it, presenting Hayward with her concept of a mural of large shelves and overflowing books. “I loved it,” say Hayward. The lobby upgrade with its new showcase and life-size mural of books is the perfect introduction to the library itself and the trove of resources it holds. “By making the lobby more visible and interesting, “Hayward says, “we hope we can entice more people to explore our riches and utilize our library to its full potential." *Note: This project is supported by the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records, a division of the Secretary of State, with funds appropriated by the Arizona State Legislature. **Long range plans for the library involves many major improvements, such as updating the electrical and heating/cooling, however such improvements are not financially possible at this time.
THE GREAT AMERICAN HORSE RACE
Winner, Virl Norton with his mules Leroy and Lady Eloise. Photos from the Great American Horse Race.
An epic cross-country horse race, dreamt up by two salesmen and won by a mule, made history in 1976. This is that story. The race was the brainchild of two men from Illinois, Randy Scheiding and Chuck Waggoner. Both were horsemen who worked as salesmen and dreamed of riding across America on horseback. A few years earlier, Scheiding had covered 300 miles, riding across Illinois into Kansas. He said, “It was the highlight of my life.” “The country moves so slow on horseback,” Scheiding said. “You have a chance to become part of the landscape. It’s a feeling of freedom I had never experienced.” Scheiding ran an ad in Western Horseman:
The adventure of a lifetime for the common American who regards his horse as something special. Longest horse race in history. From New York to California. Entry fee: $500 Valorie Briggs
Riders were allowed two horses and could switch them out at any time. Winners would split a $50,000 purse. It didn’t take long before 94 riders had signed up for the 3,500 mile race, which would cross 13 states as it wound from Saratoga Springs, New York, to Sacramento, California. The race came at a time when people wanted – and needed – to celebrate America. “People were looking for a party,” said journalist Curt Lewis, who accompanied and documented the race. “Vietnam was just over in ’75. Watergate was over. Nixon was gone.” And, he said, “Everyone was looking for a good time.” At the same time, America was turning 200 years old. The year-long Bicentennial party included trains and airplanes
This photographic documentary was published after the race in 1976. Although now out of print, it still commands quite a following where used copies can fetch upwards of $800. Those who do own the book give it five-stars. Our writer, Patricia Sanders, pulled accounts of the race from old newspaper clippings to bring you our story this summer.
Great American Horse Race Continued on page 37
SUMMER 2017 Great American Horse Race, Continued from page 36
being painted red, white, and blue, a flotilla of tall ships sailing down the Hudson River, and festivals across the land. The Great American Horse Race fit right in. Two hundred animals set out from New York on May 31, 1976. The youngest rider was Valorie Briggs, 18, a countrywestern singer riding her half-Arabian half-mustang Tiki, and the oldest was Hub Crossett, 69, a Tennessean horse trader. There were as many women as men among the riders. Forty-seven states and ten foreign countries were represented. Iceland had contributed ten horses to serve as mounts for Belgian and German riders. There was a Russian Orlov, the only one of its kind in North America, that was descended from a mare and stallion once belonging to Nikita Khrushchev, former premier of the Soviet Union. And as a tribute to the Bicentennial, France’s Team Lafayette had sent 120 riders, who rode in full costume as soldiers of Lafayette, outside competition. And then there were the mules. A steeplejack (painter of tall things, like smokestacks), horse breeder, and trainer by the name of Virl Norton had brought them. At 60, Norton was one of the oldest riders, hailing originally from Wyoming. He didn’t have a crew or much money, but he was smart and, it was said, “tough as a boiled owl.” Norton had brought two mules: one named Lord Fauntleroy and, as a backup, Lady Eloise. Both were half thoroughbred. Lord Fauntleroy, also known as Leroy, stood at 16 hands— large for a mule or a horse. Arabians are considered the best horses for endurance riding. According to Lewis, the journalist, the motto is, “If you’re not riding an Arabian, you’re following an Arabian.” Norton had Arabians – good ones – but he didn’t bring them. He chose the mules through shrewd thinking, and he had a strategy. The thinking was, mules might be slow, but they had the virtues of durability and stamina. For a 3,200mile ride, those qualities would be more important than speed. “Watch the mules,” Norton said. “They’re tougher and can take the tough terrain better than a horse.” And Norton’s strategy? Plod along. That’s exactly what he did. He kept to a steady pace of 10 miles per hour throughout the race, no matter what kind of land they were riding through. Slow and steady. Four veterinarians accompanied the riders and checked every horse at ten-mile intervals. Any animal found unwell or even unable to walk properly had to be trailered until it was healthy enough to rejoin the race.
It was a slow race. Riders started en masse at dawn and followed a set route to a daily finish line. Each day’s race was timed, to be tallied at the end. There were penalties for late starts and missed days when animals had to be trailered. And the race almost fell apart before it was halfway across the country. The organizers ran out of money in Hannibal, Missouri, and the race came to a halt. But the riders had too much invested to just go home. They passed the hat to pay for the vets and support crews, and kept the ride going. There were fun and games along the way. When the race passed through a town, schools would let the kids out and people would line the streets as the riders went by, bringing drinks for the riders and apples for the horses. Virl Norton would let the kids climb on the mules to get their picture taken. Valorie Briggs recalled that every night, riders and crew gathered around a campfire. “Everybody would sing, and we’d play music, drink whiskey and talk,” she said. They would drop a glowstick in the whiskey jug so they could find it in the dark. Briggs also remembered the weather. “Places like Kansas, Missouri,” she said, had rainstorms that she still remembered 30 years later. “You’d put your poncho on, and pull it down so you could barely see out of the eye hole, and it would still drench you.” A popular topic of conversation was shoeing. Valorie’s shoer had figured out a way to do the long ride. She said, “I wound up with a leather pad, with silicone underneath to keep anything from getting under there, and then a ‘half round shoe’ with borium on it.” When the shoe was shaped and ready, they ran the borium around the heel and toe and welded the shoe on. Briggs said Tiki never wore
through his shoes, because the borium was harder than steel. On the other hand, the Orlov stallion had to be re-shod every five days, and eventually there wasn’t enough hoof left to nail to. He was scratched from the race. For the first two weeks, the faster horses took the lead, outpacing Virl Norton and Leroy the mule. But in Kankakee, Illinois, Leroy overtook them, and after that Norton was never lower than third place. By the end of the race, only the mules were still strong and sound. When the 73 finishers rode into Sacramento’s county fair that September afternoon, Leroy was tenth to come in. Valorie Briggs came in fourteenth. But after the times were all tallied and penalties deducted, Lord Fauntleroy had won. Total time: 315 hours. Norton’s son, Pierce, who had come along to help and drive their ’71 Dodge pickup, remembered, “There was a whole bank of press photographers and just these cameras flashing and going off like crazy. And some of the other competitors put my dad up on [their] shoulders and ran him around the fairground.” “We did something that nobody had ever done before,” Valorie Briggs said. “I can say, I rode my horse from New York to California! It really was an adventure.”
SUMMER 2017 Jackfruit, Continued from page 1
You might need help carrying it. Jackfruit are the largest tree fruit in the world. Shaped somewhat like a football but without the pointy ends, a single jackfruit can weigh upwards of 100 pounds and grow up to 4 feet long. An average jackfruit tips the scales at 40 pounds. Cut open a jackfruit and inside you’ll find hundreds of arils (pods), each containing a seed about the size of an apricot pit, all surrounded by the flesh of the fruit. In young fruit, this flesh has a stringy texture— exactly like pulled pork. It’s this pulled-pork quality—and the fact that young jackfruit is starchy, with a fairly neutral flavor—that’s led to its popularity as a meat alternative. Chefs are picking up on the jackfruit trend. It’s appearing on menus as burritos, tacos, stir-fries, and curries—even jackamutton. Treat the stringy flesh just like any other starch—it will pick up the flavors you give it, whether that’s BBQ, Tex-Mex, Indian, or Japanese. Ripe jackfruit can also be dried, roasted, used in soups and stews, juiced, and made into jam, fruit leather, or pastry filling. Frozen jackfruit is scrumptious—think popsicles. The ripe arils are delicious, too: for a quick treat, just chop the raw arils and mix them with yogurt. Jackfruit is gluten free and rich in fiber, with a very low glycemic index. It’s high in magnesium, calcium, and vitamins C and B6. It’s one of the few fruits that is grown pesticidefree, even when it’s not labeled organic. Jackfruit can be found fresh at Asian markets in the Valley, or canned or bottled at specialty markets, where you have a choice of the fruit canned in syrup or water. It makes a difference whencooking; canned in syrup is for desserts and canned in water is for meat-alternative dishes. Jackfruit, Continued on page 40
Writer, Patricia Sanders sent Globe Miami Times this photo of a local man in Sumatra with a Jack Fruit. She is staying at the Green Hill Guesthouse currently in Sumatra which sits on the edge of an Orangutan Sanctuary.
GRAPHIC DESIGN Publication Layout Brand Development Package Design Web Graphics Trade Show Graphics
Banners Brochures Flyers Menus Invitations
CREATIVE DESIGN SOLUTIONS FOR SMALL BUSINESSES
SUMMER 2017 Jackfruit, Continued from page 38
Our writer Patricia is on the road this year to far flung places, but continues to write and edit for us here at Globe Miami Times. We asked her to check in and let us know a bit about where she is staying now which coincides perfectly with this piece on Jackfruit, where they are grown. ~L
Salam (hello) from Sumatra! After traveling in Southeast Asia for eight months, I've found myself in Bukit Lawang, a lovely tourism-based town where people come to trek in the Gunung Leuser National Park in hopes of encountering orang-utans, or cool off by tubing down the Landak River. I'm staying at the Green Hill Guesthouse, run by a local guide, Mbra, and his partner, Andrea Molyneaux, a British conservation biologist. I'm enjoying the Sumatran coffee, gado-gado, curries, and fantastic tropical fruit--including, of course, jackfruit! The people are incredibly friendly, and there's music all day long, because the Indonesians love to play and sing. Practically all the men in town play guitar – they learn on YouTube – and sing beautifully. About 15 years ago a flash flood caused by logging destroyed Bukit Lawang and killed more than 200 people. The town is still recovering from this trauma, and I'm happy to be helping with their economic recovery! Besides continuing to write for GMT, I'm working on a novel and learning to play the ukulele – as well as speak a little Indonesian. Selamat tinggal (goodbye) and enjoy your day, as they say here!
Here is a recipe to try out this summer from www.onegreenplanet.org.
SLAW: FOR THE AVOCADO age shredded green cabb
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ADO SLAW: TO MAKE THE AVOCine all ingredients and mix well.
mb 1. In a large bowl, co it cool until refrigerator to keep e th in w sla o ad oc 2. Place the av jackfruit is ready. the barbecue pulled
WICHES: TO MAKE THE SAND400°F. Open and drain the cans of jackfruit.
to ve the 1. Preheat the oven fruit pieces and remo ck ja e th m fro re co This will Trim the tough all triangle shapes. sm ry ve o int it fru ck seeds. Cut the ja texture. t the stringy, pulled help the jackfruit ge Sauté the onion e oil on medium-high. th at he t, ille sk ge cent. Add the 2. In a lar comes slightly translu be it til un s te nu mi in the jackfruit, for 1-2 r minute or two. Stir he ot an r fo ok co d liquid smoke, garlic an ses, Worcestershire, las mo , ar eg vin e th then add well. and dry spices. Mix illet, reduce heat to ble broth into the sk ta ge ve e th ur Po 3. til all the liquid is Cook the jackfruit un r. ve co d an m, diu me n and mashing the minutes, stirring ofte 10 t ou ab , ed rb so ab ringy and resembles e mixture becomes st th til un s ce pie it fru jack pulled pork. jackfruit in g sheet, spread the kin ba d se ea gr or ed then take the 4. On a lin oven for 20 minutes, e th in ke Ba er. lay it. Stir well an even uce over the jackfru sa Q BB e th ur po d shred the pan out an sired, use a fork to de if d an d ine mb co e chewier until evenly er the pieces are, th all sm e Th r. he rt fu jackfruit even ey will be. and more delicious th her 20 minutes in the oven for anot ck ba n pa e th e ac 5. Pl the avocado slaw. and get to work on scoop of wiches with a large BBQ sauce. 6. Assemble the sand slaw, and a drizzle of o ad oc av it, fru ck BBQ ja
Mike Knuckey demonstrating a bit of grinding.
McGowen Machine Works, Continued from page 1
If the working machine shop/museum doesn’t work, Knuckey said he would consider turning shop into a private biker bar club.
Globe Machining History
The history of McGowen Machine Works is as varied and rich as Globe’s past, and several of the names involved with the machine shop can be found in local government and business ownership. William Cregher McGowen ran mule teams, hauling rocks and supplies to and from Roosevelt Dam starting in about 1906. He also established a freight line between Geronimo and Globe and was known as “one of the best freighters operating in the eastern section of the old Arizona Territory,” according to the Arizona Record (March 5, 1935) and the Bullion Plaza Cultural Center & Museum. Guy McGowen was the third child of the freighter, and, after graduating from the second class of Globe High School, he studied machinery under Bill Hart. When he built the initial machine shop in 1941, it was less than half the size of the main building today. Over time, he purchased Coon Creek Ranch, Pioneer Hotel and Circle Ranch. In 1942, Guy became
the mayor of Globe. He and his wife, Jenny, had three children: Gene (who died from a football injury in high school), Gail and Benny. Gail met Francis Knuckey at Globe High, and after they graduated, Francis was asked to stay in the area and work in the copper mines. “His job was critical to the war effort,” Mike said. Francis later joined the Navy, and when he returned, he went to work for Guy McGowen, who was mayor at this time. Francis learned about mechanical machinery and helped Guy expand the machine ship. He and his wife had four children, who also graduated from Globe High. Mike and Francis were later instrumental in digging water wells for the city of Globe. Mike said they used dry ice, which was dropped into the well hole to purge it of sediment and debris. Francis and Guy also ran a bus line between San Carlos and Globe, Mike described the bus as something like an old-time Greyhound bus. Ann Garlinghouse, Mike’s sister, said the line filled a need because “there was no transportation then.” An aging Guy decided to sell the machine shop to Francis and Gail, and McGowen Machine Works, Continued on page 42
The McGowen Ironworks sits on the corner of Pine and Cedar Street.
Ann Garlinghouse and her brother Mike inside the shop on a hot June afternoon where they talked to GMT about their family history. Photoby LCGross
McGowen Machine Works, Continued from page 41
after his death in 1973, Francis ran the shop. Although the Knuckey side of the family now owned the business, the name remained the same as it had been for more than 40 years. Mike and Eugene Knuckey (Gene) were left the shop by their father, and Mike eventually bought out his brother’s share. He and his sister, Ann, learned their lessons on selfreliance early. They both said there were requirements that had to be met before they could enjoy certain luxuries. Mike said he started learning machine work at the end of a broom. He would sweep up the now much larger shop, then he would be taught how to use a piece of machinery. He eventually learned how to use almost all of it.
(Left) Francis McKnuckey, father, and (right) Guy McGowen, grandfather. These portraits were done by well known local photographer Bill Norman, Norman Studios.
Ann had to learn how to change a tire, fan belt and water before she could drive, and their parents went several steps further before they allowed Mike to have a car. “I had to pull the engine, clean it, tear it apart and put it back together again before I could have my own car,” he said.
Whatever Needed Making
McGowen Machine Works did work for all of the major companies across the state of Arizona. “There was no machine shop like it,” Mike said. “Not even in Maricopa County.” It was also the machine shop listed for Hagen Construction, which was once located behind Connie’s convenience store, and did road construction all over the state of Arizona.
When asked exactly what was made at the shop, Mike spread his arms out and said “whatever was needed!” The shop made parts for construction companies, vehicles, mines and individuals, to name just a few things. “If you needed a bearing, take it off and bring it in. We would put it in the press.” He said the easiest way to explain what they did there was to think of a wood shop. “Everything there is made of wood. Here, everything is made with steel,” he said. “We taper, bend and press steel.” The point is to understand different steels and the uses for the pieces made, and Machinists were required to understand the molecular structure of steel. “Some things you don’t want to break, and some things you don’t want to break something else,” he said.
Featuring The Pinal Fire, McGowen Machine Works, Update on Taliesens' Studio Project, History of the Gila County Fair