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Battery | Coal | Co-Gen | Cables | Grid | Electricals | Energy | Generators | Nuclear | Power Plants | | Rentals | T&D | Turbines | Utility Chemicals | Controls | Desalination | EDR | Filtration | Finance | Membranes | NF | Plumbing | Pumps | Pipes | RO | Storage | Valves

International Desalination Association (IDA): Connecting People And Ideas To Water Solutions

Miguel Angel Sanz IDA President

Shannon McCarthy IDA Secretary General

Making Our Water Accessible and Sustainable Learn more about these IDA Members:

Acciona Agua I AEDyR I TOYOBO I PUB Singapore I PakDA Almar Water Solutions I SUEZ I Aquatech I WSTA I Future Pipe Industries

MARCH 2018 ISSUE NO. 011

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February flew by so fast and we’re about to finish the first quarter of the year already. From left to right, we hear fascinating stories about organizations, companies and even individuals who are creating their own marks in the engineering community. GineersNow’s mission is to share these wonderful stories and the latest news in our attempt to educate and inspire every engineer in different parts of the world. For this month, we have prepared a special issue for GineersNow: Power and Water Leaders. Featuring International Desalination Association (IDA) on our cover, learn more about the company and the people behind it. With a goal to connect people and ideas to water solutions, IDA is committed to development and promotion of the appropriate use of desalination and desalination technology globally in water supply, water reuse, water pollution control, water purification, water treatment and other water sciences and technology.


With over 2,600 core members located in 60 countries and an additional 4,000 affiliate members, IDA takes pride in its wide range of professionals - from scientists, utilities and other end-users, engineers, consultants to financiers, developers, researchers and students representing governments, corporations and academia. As part of this month’s spotlight on IDA, get the chance to know some of its members: Acciona Agua, AEDyR, TOYOBO, PUB Singapore, PakDA, Almar Water Solutions, SUEZ, Aquatech, WSTA and Future Pipe Industries. We have also included special power and water feature articles on the magazine this month such as the following: • China Plans To Install 120,000 Public EV Charging Piles by 2020 • MIT Develops A Way To Increase Thermal Electricity Threefold • Renewable Energy in Middle East Will Triple by 2035, Siemen Says So go ahead, scroll through our pages and read the latest stories concerning our water and power resources. Take the opportunity to be informed about IDA’s plans to make water accessible and sustainable to several communities around the world and how you can join them in charting the course to a bright future.

Engr. Alice Hernandez Senior Editor-at-Large

Contents China Plans to Install 120,000 Public EV Charging Piles by 2020


TOYOBO’s Most Unique RO Membrane in the World


MIT Develops A Way To Increase Thermal Electricity Threefold


Ensuring Water Sustainability in Singapore


IDA: Engagement, Relevance and Community



Making Our Water Accessible and Sustainable


WSTA: Promoting Interest in Water Sciences and Technology and Encouraging Scientific Research

Connecting People and Ideas to Water Solutions



Acciona Agua: Treating and Managing Water To The Highest Standards of Quality, Innovation and Sustainability


Future Pipe Industries: Driven By Engineering Excellence


AEDyR: Celebrating 20 Years of Fostering Research and Development on Desalination and Water Reuse Technologies


Learn More about Two of the IDA Desalination Academy’s Flagship Educational Programs SUEZ: A Global Leader in The Resource Revolution


Water and Climate Change



Things Engineers Should Know Before Applying for a Patent


Innovation, Reliability and Experience: Defining Aquatech Pakistani Desalination Association (PakDA): PakDA Report For the Secretary General




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China Plans to Install 120,000 Public EV Charging Piles by 2020

China wants to make travel across their country easier for electric vehicle owners. Representatives from the State Grid Corporation of China has announced recently that they want to create a network of over 120,000 public charging stations for EVs by 2020.

“Starting 2020, electric cars are likely to go beyond their nature as vehicles, and become a basic unit of the energy system”

“Starting 2020, electric cars are likely to go beyond their nature as vehicles, and become a basic unit of the energy system,” Jiang said. SGCC wants to make intercity travel smoother for electric vehicles in their country, with 3 million charging piles that are connected to its intelligent-vehicle online platform, according to Jiang. The online platform is connected with 19 pile operators which include China Southern Power Grid, Qingdao Teld New Energy, China Potevio, Start Charge and Shenzhen Clou Electronics, with 170,000 charging piles that are connected and over 800,000 users. Jiang said that this kind of platform explores the energy storage value of electric cars by enabling them to be charged at the proper time and location, and will help promote green development through a smarter and safer power grid. Today, China is known to be the world’s largest new energy auto industry. The country has been able to sell more the 490,000 new energy cars in its first 11 months of 2017, and the sales are expected to exceed 577,000 units in the whole year, according to the statistics by EV-volumes, an electric vehicles sales database. For many years China has been struggling with the image of having one of the highest pollution rates in history. But with their current efforts in renewable energy and taking the lead in electric vehicles, many leaders hope that China could become a global innovator in reducing carbon emissions in the transportation industry.


Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

MIT Develops A Way To Increase Thermal Electricity Threefold MIT engineers have found an easier way for heat to be converted into electricity. MIT engineers have found an easier way for heat to be converted into electricity. The researchers reengineered thermoelectric devices by making use of “topological” materials. These materials are ones that insulate the interior but support electron movement on an object’s surface. Postdoc Te-Huan Liu of MIT’s mechanical engineering department and his team made use of the unique physics of topological materials to make the discovery. “We’ve found we can push the boundaries of this nanostructured material in a way that makes topological materials a good thermoelectric material, more so than conventional semiconductors like silicon,” he said in an

interview with MIT. “In the end, this could be a clean-energy way to help us use a heat source to generate electricity, which will lessen our release of carbon dioxide.” Nowadays, thermoelectric devices are used for low-power applications. They are used in oil pipeline sensors, on almost all space probes these recent years,and in automotive thermoelectric generators to increase the efficiency of the fuel. They can also be found in power plants so as to convert excess waste heat into additional electric power. However, Liu and his team has found out that they could increase the energy produced by thermal three times more than what was thought possible traditionally.

How it works

best thermoelectric topological materials.

When one end or the terminal of traditional thermoelectric materials are heated and the other side is cooled, electrons would flow from the hot to the cold end and generate electric current. The greater the difference in temperature, the greater the current.The amount of energy that is generated also depends on the properties of the materials itself.

According to the research, “Nanostructured materials resemble a patchwork of tiny crystals, each with borders, known as grain boundaries, that separate one crystal from another. When electrons encounter these boundaries, they tend to scatter in various ways. Electrons with long mean free paths will scatter strongly, like bullets ricocheting off a wall, while electrons with shorter mean free paths are much less affected.”

However, there has been previous studies that show that topological materials can actually be nanoconstructed and patterned to enhance its ability to increase current. Liu and his team wanted to find out how much exactly of that boost came from the topological material itself, and how much cam from how it could be restructured. To be able to do this, Liu studied the performance of tin telluride which is one of the

“In our simulations, we found we can shrink a topological material’s grain size much more than previously thought, and based on this concept, we can increase its efficiency,” Liu said. According to Liu and the team, this discovery will be able to help engineers craft smarter devices that use energy more effectively and don’t waste anything.

IDA: Engagement, Relevance and Community By Miguel Angel Sanz, President

Last October marked not only the occasion of IDA’s successful World Congress in São Paulo, Brazil, but also the installation of IDA’s leadership for the 2017-2019 term. I am honored to have been elected IDA’s President for the next two years, and am grateful for the confidence and trust that have been placed in me, IDA’s 1st Vice President Rachid Ghamraoui, 2nd Vice President Li Youqing, Secretary General Shannon McCarthy and our roster of officers that includes highly respected members of the world’s desalination and water reuse community. This is a time of change for IDA, not only in its leadership, but more importantly in its evolution as an association deeply committed to serving its members and the global desalination and reuse industry. This commitment starts with providing our members with relevant, businessbuilding and career-building programs. It includes developing closer ties with our valued affiliates, operating with greater transparency, and forging new connections with organizations and institutions that are involved in vital aspects of our industry including finance, advocacy and policy. This process, which we began in São Paulo, is vital to growing IDA’s reach, reputation and prominence around the world. I am pleased to report that we have already made important progress towards achieving these goals, and we continue this important work every day. For all of us at IDA, this is a time to expand what we do while building on the successes and lessons learned in the past. To this end, I believe that three words will guide the future of IDA: engagement, relevance and community. IDA is our members’ association, and we will work diligently to improve our engagement with each of you. We welcome your input on what we can do to make IDA more meaningful to your business, your interests

and your professional growth. We are focused on expanding the IDA community not only in numbers but also in the breadth and scope of our membership. Together, we are creating a new IDA, a reinvigorated, forward-looking association that takes pride in serving an industry that plays a vital role in securing the world’s water future. I invite you learn more about our mission, share your suggestions and feedback, become involved in our programs, and take advantages of the unparalleled connections that IDA offers. IDA is known for connecting people and ideas to water solutions. Learn more about our many activities, programs and suite of member benefits by visiting our website at www.idadesal. org. Engage with members of the IDA community on LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter and through our expanded newsletter, IDA Connections. Join us at our upcoming International Conference on Water Reuse and Recycling: Making Every Drop Count, to be held on June 24-27, 2018 in Valencia, Spain – a hotbed of recycling programs and activities. Plan ahead for 2019 and participate in the IDA World Congress on Desalination: Crossroads to Water Sustainability, which will take place on October 20-24 in Dubai under the patronage of HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, and under the patronage of HH Sheikh Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai, Minister of Finance and President of DEWA with full support of HE Sayyad Al Tayer, Minister for DEWA and his team. I hope you will join us in charting the course to a bright future. Sincerely,

Miguel Angel Sanz, President The International Desalination Association


Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

Miguel Angel Sanz President International Desalination Association (IDA)

Miguel Angel Sanz is currently Director of Strategic Development of SUEZ, Treatment Solutions. He has 32 years of professional experience in desalination as well as in the drinking water and wastewater fields. Working with SUEZ group, he has a stake in promoting innovation in the field of membrane desalination, and he has taken part in the design, build or operation of more than 40 brackish or seawater desalination plants, in the five Continents. Mr. Sanz has been a member of the IDA Board of Directors since 2009, and currently serves as President. He has served in leadership roles on several IDA committees including IDAS World Congress, Technical Programs, Site Selection, Membership and Election, and Awards and Publications. Mr. Sanz received his Industrial Engineer degree in 1981 from Bilbao High Technical School of Engineers.

Making Our Water Accessible and Sustainable By Shannon McCarthy, IDA Secretary General In the last few years, several studies on world water needs and resources have been performed by national, international, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). These include the World 16

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

Bank, ICARDA, NASA, CGIAR, WRI, UN agencies and others. Most have forecasted that world water consumption will increase dramatically in the next 30 years. The increase most often

to manage, operate and maintain complex water systems, and political instability. The World Resources Institute performed a study, which identifies countries that have, or will have, water requirements significantly in excess of the sustainable rate of use of water from conventional sources. It evaluated current and forecast water requirements of 167 countries for the 25-year period from 2015 to 2040. The study identified 33 countries that will have extremely high-water stress or potential scarcity in 2040. Advanced water treatment systems - desalination and water reuse, provide the only sustainable new source of fresh water for the world’s growing population. Desalination is now practiced in 150 countries, and we estimate that more than 300 million people around the world rely on desalinated water for some or all their daily needs. With water reuse programs, precious water resources can be recycled for drinking water, agriculture or industrial purposes, thus augmenting water supplies from other sources and conserving water resources. How can nations or parts of nations increase water accessibility and sustainability? There are only two possibilities – reduce consumption or increase the supply. The first step is better water management and in developing countries this usually requires human and institutional capacity building. Water management also requires maintaining or establishing the distribution system to deliver water to users and to prevent leaks and pilfering. estimated is 50% no later than 2050. Currently one fifth of the world’s population lives with limited access to water, most of these people in developing countries. The studies I refer to agree on another point. This is that the forecast water requirements cannot be satisfied by conventional water resources and that increased non-conventional water supply solutions, primarily from desalination and water reuse, will be needed. The biggest obstacles in satisfying this need are most likely to be lack of funds, shortages of local personnel with capacity

The second step in reducing consumption is more efficient use of water. The largest use of water, worldwide, is agriculture, which uses 70% of all the water used for human activities. The next largest is the production of energy primarily from fossil fuels which uses 15%. The remaining 15% is shared between industry, services, and individuals. IDA has established alliances with many of the world’s leading organizations focused on solving these issues. The greatest opportunities for reductions are obviously in agriculture through more efficient Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


means of irrigation, growing crop varieties that require less water, and concentrating agricultural activity in areas where conventional water resources are relatively plentiful. For example, the State of Qatar has heavily invested in Africa and South America to secure agriculture production and Saudi Arabia has done so in Ethiopia. In terms of agriculture and the circular water economy, IDA is now a partner organization of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Its WASAG Framework is designed to bring together key players across the globe and across sectors to tackle the collective challenge of using water better in agriculture to ensure food security for all. Including IDA’s participation, FAO has established partnerships with 48 organizations globally. With over 194 member states now part of the United Nations, FAO works in more than 130 countries worldwide. The next best opportunity to reduce water consumption is replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy sources, principally solar and wind. To this end, IDA has entered into an agreement with the Global Solar Council (GSC) to promote desalination technologies powered by solar energy. IDA has also recently formed the IDA Sustainable Water Resources Foundation (SWRF), established in the United States as a non-profit foundation, US 501 (c) (3). In addition, IDA is a founding member of the Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance – H2O minus CO2, a collaborative global climate initiative launched in 2015. In conclusion, non-conventional water supply solutions have a vital role to play in filling the gap between limited natural water resources and a reliable source of clean water to meet growing needs. Making our water accessible and sustainable requires innovative approaches to close the gap, which is both a challenge and an opportunity. Efficient water resource management, resilient infrastructure development, and implementation of renewable energy, desalination, and water reuse solutions, are all essential to offsetting water scarcity. At IDA, we advocate the use of advanced water treatment processes to ensure water security. We connect people with ideas and solutions. This is our mission and has been for the last 45 years.

Shannon McCarthy Secretary General International Desalination Association Ms. McCarthy has extensive experience working internationally and specifically with the Middle East and North Africa region, in the field of water sustainability, research and application of nonconventional water resource technologies. She has served the International Desalination Association in the role of First Vice President, Chair of the Foundation and Public Outreach Committee, and champion for the IDA Sustainable Water Resources Foundation. Prior to IDA, Ms. McCarthy, served as a Partner of United4Water, a consulting firm operating in the water, food and energy sectors and as the Deputy Center Director of the Middle East Desalination Research Center, an international intergovernmental nonprofit organization, born through the Water Working Group of the Middle East Peace Process and based in Muscat, Sultanate of Oman with Diplomatic status. Ms. McCarthy completed an executive study program related to Public Policy and Management for Infrastructure Development at John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and holds a BA degree in International Relations from San Francisco State University.

Top Accomplishments of IDA Serves as the worldwide hub of information, education and businessbuilding connections for the global desalination and water reuse industry IDA World Congress, held every two years and widely recognized as the world’s premier event on desalination and water reuse 16 Affiliate organizations from around the world Recognized by the UN as a partner NGO FAO WASAG Partnership

Top Accomplishments of IDA Action for Good Initiatives Young Leaders Program IDA Academy Program Water Awards Establishment of the IDA Sustainable Water Resources Foundation HWE-IDA Master Program in Desalination IDA Fellowship Award Program and Channabasappa Memorial Scholarship

About IDA

Connecting People and Ideas to Water Solutions The International Desalination Association (IDA) is the world’s leading resource for information and professional development for the global desalination industry – and the only global association focused exclusively on desalination and water reuse technologies.

additional 4,000 affiliate members around the world. Our membership includes scientists, utilities and other end-users, engineers, consultants, financiers, developers, researchers and students representing governments, corporations and academia.

IDA is committed to development and promotion of the appropriate use of desalination and desalination technology globally in water supply, water reuse, water pollution control, water purification, water treatment and other water sciences and technology. IDA carries out this mission by encouraging research, promoting and exchanging communication, disseminating information, and supporting education in the field of desalination and water sciences. A non-profit association, IDA is associated with the United Nations as part of a growing international network of non-governmental organizations (NGOs).

Our educational resources include scholarships, the IDA Fellowship Program, Young Leaders Program and the IDA Desalination Academy. Our publications and online and multi-media communications provide ready access to timely industry information. Workshops and conferences held around the world explore specific topics in depth, and our biennial IDA World Congress is widely recognized as is the premier global event for the desalination and water reuse community.

IDA connects the global desalination community in many ways. We serve more than 2,600 core members in 60 countries and reaches an 22

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

IDA is also committed to informing the public about desalination and water reuse, and their critical role in providing new, reliable and sustainable sources of fresh water around the world.

Acciona Agua: Treating and Managing Water To The Highest Standards of Quality, Innovation and Sustainability • WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS More than 300 treatment plants with a total capacity of 13.6 million m3/day, equivalent to a population of almost 56 million people.

Operation and maintenance of conventional water plants

Acciona Agua aims to optimize the process through a reduction in energy consumption, guaranteeing the performance of purification in the treatment, analysis of water quality, and an adequate environmental management of sludge, waste and sub-products generated during the treatment process

Integral water services

The management of integral services covers all the stages in the water treatment cycle. Acciona Agua carries out the integral management of the water cycle for more than 180 towns in Spain and Lata, and manages water for over 15.3 million users. Our project portfolio includes some of the world’s foremost desalination facilities: Acciona Agua provides comprehensive solutions which contribute to sustainable development in the water sector. The projects and contracts executed by the Company since its creation contribute to treating, processing, reusing, desalinating and managing water for over 100 million people in more than 26 countries on five continents, always to the highest standards of quality, innovation and sustainability. Acciona Agua has placed its name on over 400 drinking water and wastewater treatment plants and over 75 desalination plants in the five continents. Acciona Agua is proud to support IDA and be a corporate member of the Association. Our CEO is a member of the Board of Directors and supports the noble mission of the IDA to connect people and ideas to water solutions.

Design, construction, commissioning and operating and maintenance • DESALINATION PLANTS FOR SEA AND BRACKISH WATER More than 75 installations with a potable water production of 2.7 million m3/day. • POTABLE WATER TREATMENT PLANTS More than 115 potable water plants with a total capacity of 8.2 million m3/day to supply more than 31 million people.

• One of the largest desalination plants in Australia, in Adelaide (South Australia) (300,000 m3/d). • The first RO Desalination plant in Qatar, Ras Abu Fontas A3 164.000 m3/day • GABAL EL ASFAR WWTP, EGYPT - A treatment plant with a capacity of 500,000 m3/day. It will become the biggest plant of its type in Africa and the Middle East. • TORREVIEJA SWRO PLANT, ALICANTE, SPAIN The biggest desalination plant in Spain, with a daily production of 240,000 m3/day. • PUTATAN DWTP, PHILIPPINES In Manila, with a daily capacity of 100,000 m3/day • The Saint John, Canada , with a capacity of 75 million liters per day and storage capacity of 33 million liters. • The Bello WWTP in Medellin, Colombia, has a total capacity of 440,000 m3/day. • The Mundaring WTP - capacity: 165,000m3/day in Perth, Australia. The plant will supply the Goldfield and Agricultural Water System. It will mark the start of the first fully-fledged PPP in the Western Australian water industry. • The Oum Azza WTP - capacity: 432,000m3/day in Rabat, Morocco. • Arroyo Culebro WWTP, in Madrid – with a capacity of 172,800 m3/day.

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


AEDyR: Celebrating 20 Years of Fostering Research and Development on Desalination and Water Reuse Technologies 24

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

AEDyR (Spanish Desalination and Reuse Association) was established in 1998 after the successful IDA (International Desalination Association) Congress held in Madrid in 1997. This association intends to gather all individuals, companies and organizations dealing with desalination and water reuse in Spain. Back then, the International Desalination Association (IDA) added AEDyR to its affiliated member list in recognition of its technological development and its desalination track record. Importantly, AEDyR is one of the world´s few non-regional, country-specific desalination associations. Spain has a strong desalination industry, with some of the largest companies in the world (more than 6 in the TOP20 of desalination ranking) and it is the 5th country on installed capacity. Regarding reuse, Spain also is the 1st country in Europe, with more than 40% of the overall capacity and large installations of all kinds (conventional and advanced treatments such as membranes or advanced oxidation). AEDyR affiliates include large and medium size construction and O&M companies, consultant firms, suppliers and research centers, as well as individuals. The objectives of AEDyR are: 1º – Fostering research and development on desalination and water reuse technologies. 2º – Promoting information exchange and dissemination in connection with these technologies. 3º – Acting as a public forum for information and document dissemination. 4º – Supporting and encouraging the creation of standardized specifications and procedures.

public and private on matters regarding research, development and proper utilization of desalination and water reuse technologies. 6º – Promoting technician training and certification. 7º – Supporting energy efficiency in water production endeavors. This year, AEDyR is celebrating its 20th anniversary, which will be accompanied by important events; - IDA, in cooperation with the AEDyR, will hold the biennial International Water Reuse Conference “Making every drop count” in the city of Valencia this coming June. The holding of this important international conference in Spain, 24-27 June is an indication of the current level of Spanish influence in the sector and it opens new lines of cooperation between the IDA and its affiliate members, as in this case AEDyR. - AEDyR will also hold its biennial International Congress in the city of Toledo 23-25th October with a call for abstracts (http://www. currently open. The Congress has become a must-attend event for all professionals in the sector in recent years, with growing attendance and participation levels. This year, the event will be particularly special because of the coincidence with the 20th anniversary of the association and we will be preparing specific activities and entertainment to mark the occasion. Besides the conferences and workshops, AEDyR also has an important activity in the training field, being the most important fact the Official University Expert Course on Desalination and Reuse organized in cooperation with the Water and Environmental Sciences Institute, University of Alicante (Spain).

5º – Cooperating and communicating with national and international institutions both

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Water and Climate Change by Carlos Cosin


Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

The impact of two environmental events this past summer-autumn is what prompted me to write this article, which includes a few reflections on possible steps in the difficult task of mitigating and reducing the effects of climate change. The first event is the severe drought that the United States is experiencing in states like California, Texas and Arizona, and its harmful consequences, including the fires at the end of the summer and the severe floods on the East Coast. These events are especially hard on a country that continues to maintain an incredulous environmental policy, in the face of a real situation, year after year, with enormous environmental disasters. Even more serious is the fact that the United States is not an isolated case, and we are seeing the same effects in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal) and in regions of Africa and the Middle East. The second event is the drastic reductions in rates for the sale of photovoltaic energy, breaking the barrier of $0.02, which calls into question the

current situation of the economy, supported on fossil fuels of gas and oil. Global warming, caused by greenhouse gases trapped in the atmosphere, is a reality that can no longer be silenced. Last year, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the atmospheric concentration of CO2 reached 403.3 parts per million (ppm), once again exceeding the barrier of 400 ppm and representing 145% of the pre-industrial levels prior to 1750. This barrier of 400 ppm was exceeded for the first time in 2015, the year that the Paris Agreement was signed. Most of the emissions that cause climate change are generated by developed countries, but the world’s poorest countries are the ones that note the impact much more strongly. The serious consequences of climate change that have translated into evacuations, economic loss and even deaths have not prompted the adoption of more urgent measures, compliance with the commitments acquired in 1997 in

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Kyoto in regard to emissions quotas, or the execution of the measures developed in 2009 in Copenhagen to prevent global warming from exceeding 2°C (we have currently increased 0.8°C). Today we know that the effects that climate change will generate will be costlier than the measures to mitigate it, but the governments that need to lead those changes do not have the security or support of serious and rigorous policies to achieve the proposed objectives. I have no doubt that the changes in the energy policies of most countries are the response to strong pressure and interests, and that while these do affect the development of these interests, they will be hard to apply. Nevertheless, it appears that what 20 years of governmental policy has been unable to do will be resolved by technological development and its adoption by industry, which is currently based on fossil fuels and is posing serious problems for the sustainability of the world.

Climate change is a complex problem and one that is hard for citizens to attack, but it is important to emphasize that our behavior and sustainable habits will in fact encourage progressive change in communities. However, in a global world in which the energy industry has accumulated enormous power, limiting the capacity of citizens to act, the reality is that we are putting into practice Marx’s famous phrase “Mankind always sets itself only such tasks as it can solve”. Governments advance slowly in the commitments that they take on and the changes in energy policy encounter significant resistance, so the firm support of the citizens is crucial. We must be aware of the new reality and develop new habits in household consumption of energy and water, new measures to improve energy efficiency in homes, and healthier attitudes and a greater commitment to the use of public transportation. But the change that will have the biggest impact on emissions and mobility is the electric car, which is already a

reality, and it won’t take long for its development at competitive prices to arrive. One of the industries that plays a major role in significantly reducing the effects of climate change is the water sector. There are many different effects of climate change in regard to water, but I am going to focus on four and the possible solutions to mitigate them. • Drought: This is one of the hardest consequences of climate change and it is becoming increasingly severe and frequent. The historical progression has also shown us that drought is affecting the drier geographical areas more, therefore increasing their extension in terms of duration and number. • Rising sea levels due to the melting of large ice masses: Although this consequence has already begun to occur, we are still in time to reverse it before it reaches the tipping point. Also, rising sea levels, combined with over-exploitation of aquifers in coastal areas, will aggravate the intrusion of salt water into the aquifers, causing the salinization of fresh water reserves. • Deforestation: This effect has a direct impact on climate change policy, by reducing the capacity for the absorption of CO2, promoting the progression of desertification and the increase of CO2 due to the natural breakdown of organic waste. • The breakdown of organic matter in untreated wastewater:


Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

rates, but also allow emissionsneutral production. It is true that the current need to have water available 24 hours a day is not compatible with photovoltaic energy at night, although the development of batteries will make it possible to directly or indirectly hybridize systems in the short term. Today, the most effective and viable option is to oversize photovoltaic plants with the idea of sending the total consumption of 24 hours of the desalination plant to the power grid and reaching agreements with the grid supplier to obtain the same rates than those applied at night, which are normally more economical.

Equivalent CO2 emissions are caused by the lack of wastewater treatment, as well as by NO2 and methane (CH4), which are the gases that are actually emitted. For these four effects, based on the water resource, I propose several solutions that are technologically and environmentally feasible: 1. Desalination This is the only nonconventional source for the generation of drinking water in areas in which there are no other alternatives. It has also been debated as an alternative to water transport, because for distances of farther than 100

km from the point of origin, desalination is more efficient and competitive in terms of cubic meter of water produced/ transported. Desalination’s biggest critics have always called attention to its high energy consumption. But this problem has now been resolved through the use of reverse osmosis technology, which has reduced consumption to 3.5 and 4 kw-h /m3 for seawater (32 ppm42 ppm). If we combine this technology with renewable photovoltaic energy production and the current market prices, we not only have a clear sustainable option that would significantly reduce water

The old thermal desalination plants that are currently still in operation, mostly located in the Middle East, have been called into question due to their high level of emissions and oil consumption. Their operation is based, in most cases, on the production of thermal energy, obtaining water as a byproduct, with exorbitant energy consumption. But we are optimistic in light of the clear trend towards the substitution of these plants for more efficient installations, helping to supply drinking water in arid zones and reducing emissions. I would like to highlight that at a recent panel discussion that we held at the World Congress of the IDA held in Sao Paulo, speakers from Tunisia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Chile and Jordan presented these desalination solutions with renewable energies as viable options for their upcoming desalination projects. Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


have a large positive impact on agriculture. Lastly, to mitigate the effect of saline intrusion, as a result of the reduction of the water table level of the aquifers or the rising sea level, experiments are already underway on the injection of water from different sources (desalinated, debrined or reused with demanding tertiary treatments) into aquifers with more than satisfactory results.

2. Large-scale reuse As I have mentioned other times, the pending task of the treatment of treated water at the worldwide level is still unresolved. With more than 2.5 billion people living in areas without treatment of domestic wastewater, and just 4% of the reusable water in the world, the work in this area still poses a large challenge. The treatment of wastewater with quality levels suitable for agricultural use would allow not only the reduction of the emissions generated by the breakdown of the organic matter in wastewater per se, but would also open the door to the improvement of crop yields. Dry-farmed crops would

be grown with irrigation, with increased production efficiency and smaller agricultural crop area required for the same production. The leading cause of deforestation is the expansion of agricultural zones, so it is important to promote the forestation of new areas using the irrigation generated by nonconventional water sources. This new way of reusing water will optimize the maintenance of forests, parks and gardens, but we need to achieve higher reuse rates than we are currently achieving. Also, in dry areas that do not have other sources of water for irrigation, desalination after an initial potable use would

Climate change is a complicated problem, but it can be reduced with new solutions based on technological progress, and aligned with the economic advances and political interests of the 21st century. These solutions will be able to produce emissions-neutral desalinated water, making it possible to close unsustainable plants. Nevertheless, in the field of reuse, we must continue to work to make non-conventional sources of water from wastewater and oriented towards agricultural use a large-scale reality. Also, we will soon see the transport sector reconverted and with zero emissions, using cars with competitively priced batteries and renewable energies replacing fossil fuels after overcoming the barrier of Kw-h production prices.

Bibliography: Climate Change and Water. IPCC Technical Paper VI. The Politics of Climate Change. Anthony Giddens. El clima de la Tierra a lo largo de la historia. José Viñas Rubio. El reto ético de la nueva cultura del agua. Pedro Arrojo. Stop Global Warming: Change the World. Jonathan Neale.


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Under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces


THE HOME OF REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT The UAE capital’s largest and most influential real estate investment and development event is back. With hundreds of developments from Abu Dhabi and beyond being showcased, Cityscape Abu Dhabi is the home of real estate investment.

17 – 19 APRIL 2018 Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre, UAE


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Things Engineers Should Know Before Applying for a Patent With so many innovations coming out these days, it can be very difficult to get your patent approved. More and more engineers nowadays are looking for ways to make the world a better place, and they do so by developing groundbreaking innovations that seem fit with their vision. Once the technology has been built, the next step would be always to get a patent. Patents are important because they can protect you from competitors who plan to use your ideas for their own benefit. Patents are also a business asset as it increases your value. This can help you build licensing partnerships in the future. However, with so many innovations coming out these days, it can be very difficult to get your patent approved, so here are some things you should know before you apply for a patent.

Find good attorneys This is a very important tip especially if it’s your first time applying for a patent. When applying for a one, hire an attorney who is knowledgeable with the subject area. Also look for one who understands your vision and has the same view towards your innovation.

Expect things to go wrong Yes, things may go wrong in the process, but don’t give up. 32

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While you can have the best attorneys in the country, it can still be a challenging and difficult process. Applications can get rejected again and again on different conditions, and the long process can get very frustrating. But if you really believe in your innovation, then don’t give up. Work together with your attorney, solve the necessary issues– and maybe do some needed revisions–then try to appeal once again.

Over budget for the process When budgeting for the fees for your patenting, it’s always a better option to over budget for the process. As said in the previous topic, the long process can take numerous revisions. This means an increase in your attorney’s hours, thus increasing your legal fees.

Laws could change Patent laws change over time– and unexpectedly, this is why it’s important to have an attorney with updated knowledge on patent laws. And while your attorney knows how the new processing goes, it won’t hurt to do some research as well.

Understand what you’re getting into During the whole patenting process, it’s important that you understand everything that is going on. While your attorney will be doing most of the legal work, it’s also good to learn the whole process. Also, have a good understanding on why you are applying for a patent in the first place. The process can be long and frustrating, but it will be extremely gratifying once it gets approved.

Good luck !

The 19th edition of the International Trade Fair for Tools, Hardware, Materials and Machinery

2 – 4 April, 2018 Dubai, United Arab Emirates

The region’s premier trade show catered to construction, fabrication and other technical industries. Click here to register now Interested in exhibiting? Email:


Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

TOYOBO’s Most Unique RO Membrane in the World Toyobo was founded in 1882 as a textile company, when it began its spinning and textile business. Over more than a century of operations, Toyobo has diversified its products and continued adapting to the changing needs in the world. Toyobo, a leader in Fibers, Textiles and Polymer chemistry is now a worldwide leader in seawater reverse osmosis (RO) membrane market by its unique technologies. Toyobo’s RO membrane module and element, “HOLLOSEP” have unique characteristics such as hollow fiber membrane configuration and its cellulose triacetate material of the membrane and been selected for many seawater desalination projects in the world. By using millions of hollow fibers into a membrane element, ‘’HOLLOSEP’’ is able to have approximately 10 times larger membrane surface area, comparing to spiral wound type membrane element. Furthermore, Toyobo’s sophisticated cross winding technique achieves minimum pressure loss and uniform water flow. In addition, Toyobo selected cellulose triacetate for its membrane material due to its superior chlorine tolerance to polyamide membrane, which enable the client to apply effective and low cost chlorine injection to the RO system as disinfectant. Those characteristic features avoid the most troublesome problems for seawater desalination plants, ‘’membrane bio-fouling’’ by diluting fouling potential matters into large membrane surface area and chlorine sterilization for feed solution to RO membranes. Even in Middle East countries which are well-known by its harshest conditions to the membranes, such as high temperature and salinity, ‘’HOLLOSEP’’ has achieved

long-term stable operation from the time since it started world’s first production and sales of RO membrane module for single-pass seawater desalination in 1979. This proven experience increases further supply records of ‘’HOLLOSEP’’ in Middle East countries. In 2014, “HOLLOSEP” was introduced into the largest Seawater Desalination Plant in the Middle East, Ras Al Khair Plant (RO capacity: 345,000m3/D) and has been stably operated. For its achievement, Ras Al Khair Plant was awarded “Desalination Plant of the Year” at the 2015 Global Water Award that is supported by the authoritative desalination organization in the world, International Desalination Association (IDA). In order to strengthen its service network and production of RO membrane elements, in 2010, Toyobo established Arabian Japanese Membrane Company (AJMC) in Saudi Arabia with ACWA Holding and ITOCHU Plantech. AJMC, the first Saudi Arabian local RO membrane manufacturer has been contributing to meeting the needs of people in the Middle East countries by its production and technical services of ‘’HOLLOSEP’’. Furthermore, Toyobo launched hollow fiber Forward Osmosis (FO) membranes by developing its technologies of RO membrane. Toyobo’s hollow fiber FO membrane are currently demonstrated at energy efficient seawater desalination system and waste water treatment system, then even used for power generation with Pressure Retarded Osmosis technology. Toyobo, the worldwide leader in membrane technology, will continue to introduce the best solutions for the challenges to water sustainability all over the world.

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Ensuring Water Sustainability in Singapore In 2015, the Water Resources Institute (WRI) ranked Singapore as one of the most waterstressed countries in the world. As a country located in the tropics with ample rainfall, it might seem unexpected that Singapore is ranked as such. However, the simple fact is that there is not enough room on Singapore to collect and store all the water needed. In addressing this challenge, Singapore’s water strategy comes in three parts: (1) To collect every drop of rain, by turning up to two-thirds of Singapore into water catchment and keeping our waterways pristine; (2) To reuse water endlessly by reclaiming wastewater; and (3) To desalinate more seawater, as Singapore is surrounded by the sea. PUB, Singapore’s National Water Agency, conscientiously implements this water strategy in its integrated management of the entire water cycle. Through this, Singapore has built 38

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a robust, diversified and sustainable water supply known as the Four National Taps – water from local catchment, imported water, highgrade reclaimed water known as NEWater and desalinated water. However, putting in place water supply infrastructure is only half of the equation. PUB has a wide range of water conservation initiatives that targets both the domestic and non-domestic sectors to encourage prudent water usage and manage demand. Singapore has also marked 2018 as the Climate Action Year – this aims to raise the level of national consciousness around the need to take individual and collective action to fight climate change for a sustainable Singapore. The community is encouraged to take ownership and act responsibly in conserving water, amongst other resources.

R&D lies at the heart of achieving a sustainable water supply. Two of Singapore’s national taps, desalinated water and NEWater, are more energy-intensive. To improve energy efficiency in desalination, PUB invests in research including electrochemical desalination, which can potentially halve the energy requirements of seawater reverse osmosis desalination. Other exciting research includes biomimicry and biomimetics, where aquaporins are embedded on membranes. Singapore also leverages smart technologies such as robotics, drones, data analytics, and video analytics, to enhance operational efficiency and further reduce production costs. Singapore also plays a key role in forging dialogue amongst the policymakers, water experts and industry leaders on water issues, challenges and solutions. PUB hosts the Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) on a biennial basis, and the next edition will be held 8 – 12 July 2018. Gathering 21,000 participants from over 125 countries and regions, this platform allows for the water industry players to showcase innovations, share policy developments and form partnerships toward greater water sustainability. Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


WSTA: Promoting Interest in Water Sciences and Technology and Encouraging Scientific Research Introduction Water Sciences and Technology Association (WSTA) was formed as a result of individual efforts of some of those concerned with water affairs in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Countries with an objective mainly to encourage and promote interest in water sciences and strengthen scientific ties among water professionals, encourage scientific research, training programs, and the development of local capabilities in the different fields of water sciences and technology. The Government of Bahrain consented to register the Association in Bahrain, and the


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Association was formally founded in September 1987, to be the first scientific association in the field of water sciences and technology in the Arabian Gulf region. WSTA is a non-government organization and its membership is open to all water professionals in the GCC, waterrelated national and international organizations, educational institutes, consultants, and companies.

Achievements Conferences WSTA has organized a series of conferences under the title Gulf Water Conference where the

First one held during the period 10-13 October, 1992 in Dubai, UAE. It was followed by Eleven more conferences held in Bahrain Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait and Oman. The last 12th Gulf Water Conference was held in Bahrain during 28-30 March 2017 and preparations are undergoing to hold the 13th Conference in March 2019.

collaboration with EDS. Among its mandate to assist members working in the various fields of water sector, WSTA has organized training courses including Environmental Assessment, Water Footprint Assessment for the GCC and the Arab Countries and Non - Revenue Water Calculations.

Symposiums & Workshops

WSTA-IDA Affiliation

Other activities WSTA has arranged involved Symposiums i.e. Water Supply Floridation, Future of Desalination in the GCC Countries, and Desalination in the Arabian Gulf, an Environment Assessment in collaboration with IDA. Beside these activities, workshops were also organized including The Future of Desalination Research, Operation, Maintenance and Performance of RO Plants, Capacity Building in Desalination, all in

WSTA were among the first organizations involved in the formation of IDA and has been one of its active affiliates in the region. The two organizations have signed a MOU to regulate their relationship which has been going and growing very well. WSTA and IDA jointly organized few activities including their mutual participations in the Gulf Water Conferences and IDA biannual Congress. Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Future Pipe Industries: Driven By Engineering Excellence Company Overview Founded in 1984 in Dubai UAE, Future Pipe Industries (FPI) has rapidly grown to become a global leader in anti-corrosive fiberglass pipe system design and manufacturing. With the largest product portfolio of large diameter, high pressure, high-temperature, fiberglass pipe systems, FPI provides bespoke solutions across the following product segments; Desalination, Water, Industrial, Oil & Gas. Managing a unique global delivery model, driven by engineering excellence, and committed to customer needs, FPI’s Corporate Purpose is to deliver water and energy to the world in the most efficient and sustainable way.


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FPI has a focused dominant global footprint with a presence throughout the Middle East, Africa, Europe, North America, Australia and Asia. The company employs an extensive global network, operating factories across the world including in the UAE, Oman, Qatar, Egypt, KSA, USA, The Netherlands, Spain, India and Indonesia. FPI facilities are state of the art. With advanced manufacturing, testing and process control systems FPI operates 49 product lines spread over 681,000 square meters and with more than 160,000 kilometres installed worldwide. FPI serves more than 300 international major Oil and Gas operators, municipal authorities and industrial facilities. All FPI products are manufactured in accordance with stringent customer specifications and the

most demanding international standards, using the latest technology, FPI offers the largest and most versatile large diameter fiberglass pipe product range in the market today. FPI's promise of excellence has led to an impressive list of accreditations and certifications by major independent international bodies in the fields of safety, quality and environmental protection.

Iconic project executed by FPI: Umm Al-Houl Desalination and Power Plant - Facility D End User: Qatar General Electricity and Water Corp (Kahramaa) Umm Al-Houl Desalination and Power Plant - Facility D project is one of the largest Power Generation and Independent Water Desalination projects (IWPP) in Qatar built at the economic zone area. The approximate plant size is 2500MW power and 130 MIGD of water. Qatar General Electricity and Water Corp (Kahramaa) is the end user and

Mitsubishi Corp and Tokyo Electric Power Company (Tepco) are the main developers. Samsung C&T from Korea was the major EPC for major construction works along with Hitachi Zosen from Japan and the Spanish Acciona Agua who designed and built the desalination /RO unit. FPI was the major supplier for the GRP piping for the 3 EPCs in this mega project and involved large dia GRP piping up to 3700mm for all the intake and outfall offshore piping which allowed Samsung to install and complete the construction in fast track basis and which included special small diameter such as sulfuric acid & chlorination piping. Apart from our pipe technology to resolve complex corrosion problems within the desalination plants, we regularly engage with desalination experts – such as International Desalination Association IDA – and work on innovative solutions to enhance their plants performance and sustainability.

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Learn More about Two of the IDA Desalination Academy’s Flagship Educational Programs IDA Academy’s International Reverse Osmosis Certification (IROC) Program

IDA Desalination Academy and Heriot-Watt University Postgraduate Degree

One of the IDA Academy’s most popular courses is the International Reverse Osmosis Certification (IROC) Program for individuals involved in the RO membrane business.

The IDA Desalination Academy and Heriot-Watt University (HWU) have formed a collaboration offering a postgraduate program in MSc degree in Water Technology and Desalination. HWU, which will award the degree, will offer one or more desalination-focused courses per semester. The IDA Desalination Academy will develop the content and materials for the desalination courses, which will include Membrane Processes; Thermal and Hybrid Processes; Intake, Pre-treatment, Post-treatment and Environmental Issues; and Desalination Economics and Management.

Offered as an online program in collaboration with industry-leading training company David H. Paul, Inc. (DHP), the IROC program consists of several RO courses that may be taken online as standalone training modules. In addition, the IROC program offers RO Specialist Certification Level 1 that requires the completion and passing of these four courses: Introduction to Water Treatment (8 hours), Water Treatment Plant Fundamentals (9 hours), Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams (3 hours) and RO Operation & Maintenance (11 hours). The online format eliminates the need to travel, and because it is a self-paced open enrollment program, participants may begin whenever it is convenient for them, although it is required that the Certification Level 1 Program is completed within one year of enrollment. For more information, please contact IDA at


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Courses will be offered in an online distance learning format as well as on-site HWU’s stateof-the-art campus in Dubai. HWU has an active online learning program whereby students learn using a range of online resources and have an opportunity to connect with their tutors and peers for weekly tutorials, which take place in a virtual learning environment. In addition to its Dubai campus, HWU has three campuses in the United Kingdom as well as one in Malaysia. The university enjoys an established reputation for world-class teaching and practical, leading-edge research, and is ranked among the top international universities worldwide. For more information, please contact IDA at

Under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces

REWRITING THE RULE BOOK: GENERATING GROWTH IN ABU DHABI Join the Cityscape Abu Dhabi Conference for an afternoon of networking, industry insights and exclusive market updates from the capital’s leading real estate professionals.

17 APRIL 2018

Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre, UAE


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SUEZ: A Global Leader in The Resource Revolution Addressing key resource management challenges SUEZ is a global leader in the smart and sustainable management of resources. With a 150 years’ expertise in water and waste, and 90 000 employees around the world, SUEZ is leading in the resource revolution providing concrete solutions to address key resource management challenges in four fields of activity: • Smart water solutions and sustainable management of the water cycle 46

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• Recycling and waste recovery to produce new resources, secondary raw materials, and renewable energy • Engineering, design, and construction of treatment infrastructure • Innovative solutions for smart and resourceful cities Our experts support cities and local authorities in meeting urban development and attractiveness challenges to preserve the environment, and help industries to thrive by increasing economic and

environmental performance while securing production continuity and access to resources.

A water treatment partner from design to operation and financing SUEZ delivers technical and contractual solutions, covering the entire water cycle value chain, offering: • Engineering studies • Design and build customized small or large, modular or standardized, water treatment plants • Procurement, installation, and commissioning • Integration of external or internal technologies (resulting from in-house R&D) • Financing solutions through BOT models with expert teams fully involved from the design to the plant transfer. • Water services: o Operation & Maintenance aiming at optimized asset management and minimum environmental footprint. o Mobile water with one of the world’s largest fleet supplying any water quality and quantity. o Lifecycle services • Asset performance management with Insight a combination of advanced data and analytics to maximize asset reliability and availability. • Specialty chemicals and expert services

A wide range of product brands and technologies For applications like drinking water and desalination, wastewater treatment and water reuse, and sludge treatment, SUEZ offers a prestigious platform of wellknown technologies and product brands, such as: • Separators: clarification, flotation, settling filtration • Membranes: brackish and seawater RO / micro, ultra and nano-filtration • Biological: biofiltration, MBR, MABR, MBBR, activated sludge • Biosolids: digestion, dewatering, thermal drying, and oxidation, biomethane production • Disinfection: oxidation ozone, ultraviolet remediation, advanced oxidation • Evaporators / Crystallizers • Deionization: mixed bed, SAC / WAC - SBA / WBA, pre-coat softener, EDI

A few examples from SUEZ’s vast geographical footprint on water treatment: • Melbourne (Australia): the Australian seawater desalination flagship is the 3rd largest desalination plant in the world (450,000 m3/d), and one of the largest BOT contracts. Besides the hydroelectric energy recovered and used for the RO, the energy needed for the plant operation is entirely offset by the green electricity produced by two wind farms. • Mirfa (UAE): this 140,000 m3/d desalination plant proved SUEZ ability to desalinate warm, turbid and rich in alga seawater thanks to a robust pre-treatment and a split partial design with hybrid membranes while optimizing the energy consumption. • Barka (Oman): within a BOO partnership, SUEZ was in charge of the facility design and construction and now operates it for 20 years. Completed in only 27 months, this largest RO facility ever built in the Sultanate of Oman (281,000 m3/d), contributes to overcome the challenge of the water scarcity in the region. • West Basin, California (USA): SUEZ operates and maintains a water recycling facility that implements high-performance technologies such as microfiltration, RO, and ultraviolet systems to produce 190,000 m3/day of 5 different qualities of recycled water for use in a wide variety of applications. • Amman (Jordan): SUEZ built and now operates the WWTP that treats wastewater of 2.3 million inhabitants and delivers high quality treated water for agricultural in compliance with local health and safety requirements. The plant produces endogenous energy such as biogas from sludge digestion and electricity from hydroelectric turbines; • Shaanxi (China): to help meet new regulations governing wastewater treatment at Chinese coal-to-chemical plants. Shaanxi Future Energy Chemical’s Hongdun Wastewater Treatment Facility implements SUEZ’s advanced ZLD technology, an evaporator, and crystallizer system that eliminates liquid discharge of waste and enables water reuse at the plant which treats around 1,000 m3/day of wastewater; • Koniambo (New Caledonia): SUEZ designed and brought into service a seawater desalination system and a demineralized-water production system for Koniambo Nickel SAS (KNS) mine. The technology covers the needs of the heating and cooling systems, enabling KNS to increase its production while reducing its water and energy consumption. The plant produces 129 m3/h of drinking water and 53 m3/h of demineralized water.

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


Innovation, Reliability and Experience: Defining Aquatech Aquatech is a global leader in industrial and infrastructure water treatment solutions and services, specializing in sustainable options for Zero Liquid Discharge, water reuse and desalination all over the world. For over 35 years, Aquatech has served every major industrial market with solutions to the world’s most difficult water challenges. The company is headquartered in the USA with offices throughout North America, and has a significant presence worldwide through subsidiaries in Europe, the Middle East, India and China. Aquatech’s commitment to solely focus on water treatment along with its newly formed partnership with Nalco, has helped the company craft a single source for water services. Aquatech now offers end to end solutions backed with the experience of designing, building, operating, owning and maintaining facilities all over the globe. Whether it’s creating mobile solutions 50

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for upstream oil and gas, creating more capable MBR for pharmaceuticals and food & beverage or increasing water plant efficiency, Aquatech is helping some of the world’s most recognized companies solve their water challenges. Three words define Aquatech: innovation, experience and reliability. Innovation: Since its founding, Aquatech has continued to develop new water technologies and to innovate in response to a renewed global sense of responsibility to provide sustainable solutions and protect our most precious resource, water. Examples include its pioneering work in developing hybrid ZLD solutions to development of a low energy desalination process; providing flexible ultrafiltration for downstream LNG; and ongoing development of advanced membrane technologies through its wholly-owned subsidiary QUA.

Devesh Sharma, Managing Director Aquatech

Reliability: Aquatech has a proven track record of performance spanning 3 ½ decades. One of its most widely recognized projects is FEWA’s desalination plant in Ghalilah, Ras al Khaimah, UAE. After three years of operation, the plant continues to deliver sustained low energy results, making it one of the most energy efficient large-scale SWRO plants in the world. This project received a 2016 Global Water Award for Desalination Plant of the Year for the desalination plant that represents the most technical or ecologically sustainable achievement in the industry. Experience: Through its network and growing world-wide operations, Aquatech has successfully executed more than 1,000 water management projects in over 60 countries. Many are widely recognized as landmark projects, such Egypt’s first integrated ZLD plant, a landmark water treatment project installed at ETHYDCO’s petroleum derivatives production facility at Alexandria; integrated oilfield water management at one of the world’s largest enhanced oil recovery (EOR) facilities, located in the Sultanate of Oman; delivery of a 10 MLD sewage treatment and

recycle system on a complete turnkey basis for the new airport terminal at Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport in India, one of the world’s busiest airports; and the commissioning of Shenhua Nigmei, one of the largest ZLD plants in the world –the latest in a series of ZLD plants provided by Aquatech for the conversion of coal-to liquid-fuels (CTL) provided in China. Other recent project highlights include • Start-up of a LoWatt™-based 25 MLD SWRO desalination system in several facilities including expanded facilities owned by a leading multi-sector consumer packaged goods brand in India. • 32 MLD special project recycling wastewater from the Sulabiya Wastewater Treatment and Reclamation Plant to provide water for oil field operations in the massive Lower Fars Heavy Oil Development Project (Phase One). • ZLD project for gold mining company in Colombia. • ZLD plant for a leading manufacturer of vaccines and immuno-biologicals in India.

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018





This report is for IDA Affiliate, Pakistan Desalination Association (PakDA) for the IDA Secretary General.



Fayyaz Muddassir Mubeen

Vice President


Nisar Ahmed Khan

General Secretary


Muhammad Shakaib



Muhammad Irfan Sheikh

Editor- PakDA News:

Abdullah Mubeen

OFFICE ADDRESS The current office of the association is located at: B-138, Block 15, Gulistan Jauhar, Karachi 75290, Pakistan Telephone: +92.21.463.1946 and 1947 and +966-59-257-1607 Facsimile: +92.21.461-5643, Email: Website: www. Facebook:


SUB-OFFICE Desalination Department Department of Mechanical Engineering NED University of Engineering and Technology, (NEDUET), Karachi – Pakistan Telephones: 0092-21-92-261 to 269 Extension: Desalination Department/Prof. Muhammad Shakaib)


B-138, Block 15, Gulistan Jauhar, Karachi 75290, Pakistan 1 Telephone: +92.335.234.7584, Facsimile: +92.21.5643, Email:

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018


MEMBERSHIP Our membership total as of this date is 173, which is increasing at a reasonable speed. A great challenge is to recruit more members from large institutions such as Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and other agencies.

PUBLICATIONS: The PAKDA Newsletter: During the last quarter, one flyer was released which provided all activities of the association and in particular the desalination activities in Pakistan. The next newsletter is in progress now and will be released as soon as it is completed. The Desalination Plant Inventory: The regional Inventory of desalination plants in Pakistan has been updated until June 2017. For the Global Inventory, all information has been provided to Global Water Intelligence (GWI).

PakDA Member Directory: PakDA has updated its members’ directory as of 31 December 2017 and has been circulated. According to the directory there are 173 members.

PAKDA Website: A new website PakDA has been posted globally. The address of the website is There is an independent website and some information is also available as an affiliate of IDA, can be accessed through IDA main website. PakDA Page on FACEBOOK: A PakDA Page is regularly updated on website FACEBOOK. PakDA has been posted globally. The address of the website is:

B-138, Block 15, Gulistan Jauhar, Karachi 75290, Pakistan 2 Telephone: +92.335.234.7584, Facsimile: +92.21.5643, Email:

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018



IDA MEMBERSHIP FROM PAKISTAN Serious and consistent efforts are being made to increase the IDA Membership from Pakistan. To some extent, it has been successful. The president PakDA has sent letters to all members of the association. TECHNICAL PROGRAMS The association has planned to organize one-day seminars in collaboration with Pakistan’s major universities and research organizations. Eng. Fayyaz Muddassir Mubeen, the president of PakDA, will conduct this seminar. The program has been planned during the second quarter of 2018 and will be held in Islamabad Engineering University. LATEST NEWS IDA WORLD CONGRESS 2019 AT DUBAI, UAE: Ø PakDA intends to participate with full vehemence and fervor in the forthcoming IDA World Congress in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, which is going to be held during Oct 2019. Ø The association has requested IDA to allocate one booth for PakDA Ø Till now the one paper has been prepared which will be presented by the PakDA member Ø The president of PakDA will also submit one paper for the conference. Ø It is expected that at least five members of PakDA will attend the congress RESEARCH SUPPORT TO INSTITUTIONS PakDA is providing technical and advisory support to the students of the following Pakistan Higher Education Institutions: • • • •


Mehran Engineering University, Jamshoro, PESHAWAR Engineering University, Peshawar, Lahore University of Engineering and Technology UET, Lahore, NED University of Engineering and Technology (NEDUET), Karachi.

B-138, Block 15, Gulistan Jauhar, Karachi 75290, Pakistan 3 Telephone: +92.335.234.7584, Facsimile: +92.21.5643, Email:

Power & Water Leaders • March 2018

March 2018 Power and Water Leaders Issue 011  
March 2018 Power and Water Leaders Issue 011  

GineersNow Power and Water Leaders Issue 011