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February 2018

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In this issue:

Drying pasta in high temperatures • The rise of Russian wheat production • Innovation in processing cocoa

Milling and Grain . Volume 129 . Issue 02 . February 2018

• Antibiotics in chicken feed • Accurate and efficient dosing of microingredients • VIV MEA 2018

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Volume 129

Issue 02

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VOLUME 129 ISSUE 02

February 2018

Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert rogerg@perendale.co.uk International Marketing Team Darren Parris Tel: +44 1242 267707 darrenp@perendale.co.uk Tom Blacker Tel: +44 1242 267700 tomb@perendale.co.uk Martha Cornwell Tel: +1 913 6422992 marthac@perendale.com Fred Norwood Tel: +1 913 6422992 fredn@perendale.com Latin America Marketing Team Iván Marquetti Tel: +54 2352 427376 ivanm@perendale.co.uk

90 - Trench and mechanical intake pits

New Zealand Marketing Team Peter Parker peterp@perendale.co.uk Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 805 7781077 nathann@perendale.co.uk

When considering which type of mechanical intake system to use the first thing to consider is the type of products to be handled.

ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS

Production Editor Zasha Whiteway-Wilkinson zashaw@perendale.co.uk

NEWS

Features Editor Vaughn Entwistle vaughne@perendale.co.uk

52 Drying pasta in high temperatures

International Editors Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi robertob@perendale.co.uk Professor Wenbin Wu wenbinw@perendale.com Design Manager James Taylor jamest@perendale.co.uk Circulation & Events Tuti Tan tutit@perendale.co.uk Development Manager Antoine Tanguy antoinet@perendale.co.uk ©Copyright 2018 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at www.perendale.com Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service

Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

FEATURES

56 The rise of Russian wheat production

58 Processing cocoa 62 Restoring biodiversity 66 Diversity in aquaculture

FACES

2 6-44

70 Antibiotics in chicken feed spark food safety concerns 74 How the animal food manufacturing industry keeps America’s livestock fed

124 People news from the global milling industry

PRODUCT FOCUS

50

CASE STUDY

104

76 Micro-ingredients

72 The roles of optical sorters from field to table for Edameme beans 82 Investing in the future through the protection of nature

EVENTS

106 Event listings, reviews and previews

STORAGE

86 Polyurethane insulation

90 Trench and mechanical intake pits 90 Structural engineering in silos

TRAINING

46 Education about food safety regulations

COLUMNS

12 Mildred Cookson 25 Tom Blacker 30 Clifford Spener 40 Chris Jackson

4 GUEST EDITOR Andrew Ormerod

100 MARKETS John Buckley

122 INTERVIEW Greg Liu

COVER IMAGE: The positive effect of high temperatures on the drying of pasta is a fact that can no longer be questioned - see more on page 52


ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS INSULATION

PASTA The positive effects of drying pasta in high temperatures

WHEAT The rise of Russian wheat production

Controlling produce store environments with polyurethane insulation

The positive effect of high temperatures on the drying of pasta is a fact that can no longer be questioned.

What are the factors behind country turning from the largest grain importer into #1 wheat exporter

PAGE 52

Controlling a store environment can be a risky business – with farmers running the risk of ruined crops.

PAGE 56

PAGE 86

COCOA Innovation in processing cocoa

PITS Trench and mechanical intake pits

When considering which type of mechanical intake system to use the first thing to consider is the type of products to be handled.

PAGE 90 ENGINEERING An interview with Dennis Bossink, Structural Engineer, TSC Top Silo Constructions

The development of square silos, how exciting can this be?

What are the factors behind country turning from the largest grain importer into #1 wheat exporter

PAGE 94

PAGE 58

FOOD

STORAGE

FEED

PROCESS MICRO-INGREDIENTS Accurate and efficient dosing of micro-ingredients

There is a rapidly increasing demand for tailor-made produced feed. It challenges feed manufacturers to dose an ever increasing number of different ingredients in small quantities.

PAGE 76 OPTICAL SORTERS The roles of optical sorters from field to table for Edameme beans

Edamame. Young soybean, often still in a pod, is one the most popular appetisers in the Japanese tapas bar, Izakaya.

PAGE 80

LIVESTOCK How the animal food manufacturing industry keeps America’s livestock fed

ENERGY Investing in the future through the protection of nature

Genç Degirmen, which opens up to the World from Konya has made a huge step to leave a green environment to the next generations, this is through building the biggest solar power plant and making it the main source of energy.

PAGE 82

For decades, chicken farmers added antibiotics to their flocks’ feed to treat infections, promote growth, and/or improve feed use efficiency.

Each day across America, more than 6,200 animal food manufacturing facilities are quietly humming along, producing millions of tons of animal food to provide the right nutritional balance to keep the country’s livestock, poultry and pets happy and healthy.

PAGE 70

PAGE 74

POULTRY Antibiotics in chicken feed spark food safety concerns


Wooden double-deck grain separator 1950

The revolutionary technological path that never ends

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Review of the work of the African Orphan Crop Consortium International collaboration empowering African scientists to use state of the art genetic techniques for breeding traditional African crops to end malnutrition and adapt to climate change. There are around 352,000 flowering plants species in the world. Out of these over 5,000 have been used by humans for food production, about 120 are nationally important. Three crops stand out as major global crops (rice, wheat, maize) provide 68 percent of human calories. Over the years there has been debate about whether to concentrate funding on optimising a few major crops or spread the funding to cover the development of a greater diversity of minor crops. Sometimes these are described as ‘orphan crops’ neglected by breeders because they are not cash crops. These crops have desirable traits for resilience in the face of climate change. They also play a role in promoting dietary diversity, reducing the risks of malnutrition and ‘hidden hunger’. As they have received relatively little attention from breeders the potential exists for relatively large yield improvements. Harnessing modern genetics techniques could enhance these advantages. This is exactly the approach that the African Orphan Crop Consortium (AOCC) is undertaking. This is a public/private partnership of organisations with complementary skills to enable the project to be undertaken in a timely manner. The germ of the idea arose from Howard-Yana Shapiro chief agricultural officer for Mars Incorporated who had already collaborated with a range of industrial and academic partners to work out the genome of cacao to improve its productivity. A chance meeting between Dr Shapiro and Ibrahim Mayaki, the head of an African development agency New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) led to the idea that the techniques could equally be applied to increasing nutrition in African traditional crops to prevent malnutrition. This resulted in the creation of an African-led international consortium including NEPAD, Mars Incorporated, The World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), World Wildlife Fund, Life Technologies, BGI, LGC and University of California-Davis.

Key objectives of the AOCC include sequencing the genomes of 101 traditional African crops and making the results freely available as open sourced data. The UC Davis African Plant Breeding Academy, hosted at ICRAF, aims to train African plant breeders in state-of-the-art genome assisted breeding techniques to speed up the process of breeding productive and nutritious varieties. Many of the 101 crops have pre-existing desirable traits but they also have drawbacks in terms of yield, agronomy, processing or cooking characteristics. Developments could lead to financial savings in import substation in conjunction with appropriate food processing technologies. These crops include cereal, legumes, fruits, vegetable and oil producing species, ranging from annuals to perennial tree crops. Some are better known globally than others. Crops under investigation include Finger millet, Eleusine coracana; its seeds are a valuable source of methionine in the diets of millions lacking this in predominantly starchy diets. Bambara groundnut Vigna subterrenea a major source of vegetable protein in sub-Saharan Africa adapted to land unsuitable for other legumes. Nuts are used in roasted snacks, cakes and breakfast cereal, or cooked like other beans. New market opportunities have developed for some of the crops under investigation such as Moringa oleifera a fast growing multipurpose tree from India whose leaves can be dried and milled as a good source of proteins, calcium, iron and vitamins. Baobab, Adansonia digitata another multipurpose tree produces fruit pods containing dry white pulp rich in vitamin C and B2 easily processed as a powder to add to drinks, desserts and cereals. Good progress is being made with gene mapping 20 species are predicted to be sequenced by the end of 2018. On the training front the third intake of students to the UC Davis African Plant Breeding Academy are due to complete in May 2018. Dr Andrew Ormerod is an Economic Botanist working for Global Biotechnology Transfer Foundation with a background in plant breeding and public awareness raising about developments in crop diversity and utilisation. Dr Andrew Ormerod, Global Biotechnology Transfer Foundation

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News

FEB 18

Milling

AFIA Members donate nearly 100k charity hours

T

he American Feed Industry Association released the results of its annual charitable giving survey today, revealing a sharp increase over 2016 in the animal food industry’s total donations and volunteer hours in support of charities and community organisations. AFIA member company employees donated a collective 92,000 hours of their time to supporting community service projects in 2017—a 124 percent increase from 2016. AFIA member companies, including companyemployee matches, also donated over US$44 million to an expansive list of community causes. AFIA members identified a number of charities involved in education, civil service, agriculture, health and collegiate grants/research as key causes they supported. Eighty-nine percent of respondents donated to hunger relief charities, 81 percent to education programs, and 82 percent to university research, grants and graduate schools. The feed industry defines “sustainability” as the ability to provide a continuous, safe and nutritious feed supply for poultry, livestock, fish and pets in a manner that optimises environmental quality and the use of natural resources, while positively affecting the social and economic well-being of customers, their communities and the industry. The informal poll, conducted at the close of each year, tallies community service hours and funds donated by participating companies. A higher number of respondents to the 2017 survey contributed to the jump in reported hours and dollars donated. All AFIA member companies are invited to participate, but the statistics are not reflective of all AFIA members. This year’s results only include data from 2017. 6 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

Gordon B. Hinckley in 1994 said, “Without hard work, nothing grows but weeds.” This is a saying that can often be thought of in this industry, as although perhaps said in a different context it is obviously apt for the agricultural industries. It is February now, which is of course the shortest month of the year, but here at Perendale we’ve already visited two huge conferences (IPPE and VIV MEA), which will prove a real hive of fantastic content for the magazines over the months. We begun planting the seeds for the spoils these events bring years ago, and now there is rarely a show throughout the year you will not see someone from the company attending. We’re looking to take a more technical stance on our features over the coming year, the products and technology that millers and agricultural professionals use everyday are an essentially untouched wealth of knowledge that we’d like to be the platform to discover it all through. It is through events such as IPPE (International Production and Processing Expo), which brought together more than 1,200 exhibitors and 30,000 visitors in Atlanta, GA, USA, between January 30-February 1, 2018, that the agricultural community can truly flourish. The show focused on innovation, education, global reach and networking, four pillars which are the ultimate stronghold for the foundation of creating sustainability in the food and feed industries. On the vein of that community, it is not just globally of course that we see the reach of the impact organising these events, going to the events, reporting on them and really reminding people as often as possible about the worth of them, we’re seeing it much closer to home too. For instance, IPPE donated US$19,220 to the Atlanta Community Food Bank. One in seven Americans rely on food pantries and meal service programmes to feed their families each year – which is frankly staggering. This donation, US$17,500 was made via cheque presentation from IPPE and Hawkins Inc., and a further US$1,720 was given through individual donations. Three times a year Milling and Grain publish an article, which correlates with our sister publication International Aquafeed. This is because there can often be overlap with the machinery and research used to create feed for livestock. However another common link is of course the end goal of both aquaculture and agriculture to create enough food for everybody, at prices which both satisfy the producer and the consumer. One of the ways that scientists believe this could happen is through further research into genomics. In our crossover article this month, Peter Bickerton of the Earlham Institute examines, “How can research in genomics help us to increase socioeconomic output while protecting local ecosystems?” He discusses how modern farming systems, with fertilisers, machinery and high yielding crops, are subject to huge loss through climate change, pest control and the spread of diseases. He believes that through identifying sections of DNA that give greater yields and resistance to disease, we can ensure that positive traits are carried through, without missing out or losing other ‘important parts of the jigsaw’. Much like when you plant a seed early in the season - going to conferences, big or small, and gaining light (knowledge) through meeting people from all walks of the industry, our chances of seeing good fruits of these labours grow dramatically. So let’s make sure that in the early part of the year when it matters most, we’re working hard and growing much more than weeds for that one person out of seven who needs the fruit the most.

GF

MT

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Milling News

Feed supplement delivers more from fibre

R

uminant livestock producers can now squeeze more nutritional value from the fibre fraction of homegrown forages, due to the launch of a new feed supplement from Azelis Animal Nutrition. Available as a combination of dried yeast and enzymatic fermentation extracts, new Fibrase, improves feed efficiency by helping ruminants to break down more of the neutral detergent fibre (NDF) content of grass, maize and whole-crop silages. Phil Vernon, ruminant technical sales manager with Azelis Animal Nutrition, explained that use of the supplement within a total mixed ration (TMR) can save farmers money, “Farmers are being urged to produce more from forage, but faecal sieving typically reveals a significant amount of undigested cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin from the grass or silage that is fed on many ruminant livestock units. Through the feeding of

Fibrase, which helps to improve the breakdown of this forage fibre fraction in the rumen, farmers will gain more energy and therefore production output from the forage they do feed.” Fibrase combines dried yeast with fermentation substrates of Aspergillus fungi, which have proven amylolytic and fibrolytic enzyme activity. The synergistic combination of yeast and enzymes increases the biomass of the important fibre-digesting bacteria in the rumen and reduces the hydrolysis time of the starchy and fibrous components of the ration. It also helps to stabilise rumen pH, which will help cows, in particular, cope with acidic silages. Vernon added that early farm trial work had been encouraging with a number of both dairy and beef farmers reporting milk and meat gains from the forage being fed, as well as much finer fibre washings when sieving dung samples. He concluded, “The conversion of feeds, especially fibrous forages, to milk and meat, is not very efficient. Only 10-35 percent of the energy intake is captured as net energy by the ruminant animal because 20-70

percent of fibre components such as cellulose may not be digested. Anything that improves the digestion of forage fibre is well worth considering and we’ve found that there is definitely a ‘one plus one equals three’ effect by combining dried yeast and enzymes together.” Fibrase can be hand tipped into TMR feeds, top dressed or incorporated into rations manufactured at the feed mill. Recommended feed rate for dairy cows is 20g per head per day. The rate for beef cattle is 10g per head per day.

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Milling News

Evonik and Fufeng Group enter partnership

E

vonik and the Fufeng Group have entered into a cooperation agreement for the production of ThreAMINO® (L-threonine). The renowned Chinese specialist in bio-fermentation will toll manufacture ThreAMINO® using Evonik’s technology. For the first time, the company is now able to offer ThreAMINO® worldwide with a lean asset footprint. Dr Emmanuel Auer, Head of the Animal Nutrition Business Line, Evonik, explained, “Our strategy reflects the recent dynamics of the feed amino acids market and helps Evonik to further optimise its bio amino acid business. The agreement with Fufeng enables us to provide our full portfolio of amino acids to all of our customers. This way, we’re supporting our position in Western

and Asian markets and transforming our business model by focusing on our value creating strengths in sales, services and technology.” Zhao Oiang, CEO, Fufeng Group, commented, “This collaboration is a good example of how two strong partners join forces. By working together, we build the foundation for a long-lasting and trusting strategic partnership.” The Junan-based Group operates several large-scale production facilities in Northern China and counts as the world’s largest producer of starch-based food and feed ingredients with a strong record of manufacturing fermentative feed additives. L-Threonine, marketed as ThreAMINO® by Evonik, is an essential amino acid that the body cannot produce itself. It must therefore be taken up by the animals with the feed. An optimal L-threonine level improves feed intake, weight gain and nutritional value of the feed. In contrast, nitrogen excretion decreases because the crude protein content of the feed is balanced according to the nutrient requirements of the animals.

Finish the race on NAFTA

L

ee Hall, the American Feed Industry Association’s Board chairman and vice president of Hallway Feeds, penned an op-ed for Agri-Pulse that calls on the administration to “stop jousting with two of our most valuable trading partners” and move forward with the renegotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The animal food manufacturing industry, which generates roughly US$297.1 billion in U.S. sales and over US$22.5 billion in local, state and federal taxes, depends on being able to export goods to Mexico and Canada, the largest and secondlargest export markets for animal feed, feed ingredients and pet food. Hall’s op-ed details many of the provisions that the animal food manufacturing industry would like to see retained as part of the updated trilateral agreement and urges the administration to “do no harm” to this agreement.

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 11


The Isaac Harter Co

The Isaac Harter Company Fostoria, Ohio Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK We are particularly proud of our collection of ‘The Weekly Northwestern Miller’. An American journal first published in 1873. You may have noticed the attractive covers the magazine used during the 1920s, so enticingly displayed in the series of advertisements in Milling and Grain. Not only does the publication give us valuable insight into the development of milling in the USA, it features many accounts from around the world. This month I have chosen to précis an article from December 30, 1898, on the Isaac Harter Company Fostoria, Ohio. Gray’s noiseless roller mill

12 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

The company had just commissioned a new mill with a capacity of 2,000 barrels, making it one of the largest winter wheat mills in the country. Once the decision had been taken, the contract was given to the Edward P Allis Company of Milwaukee to be built on the Universal Bolter system. They drew up all the plans, furnished all material and machinery, installed it and started up the mill. The contract was signed on March 10, 1898, and on the following 20 September, the mill was put into operation. ‘The Weekly Northwestern Miller’ suggested that anyone interested in modern milling would find that it was well worth a trip to examine the construction and see the results obtained by this elegant plant. The mill was built as two mills, each of about 900 barrels capacity each. Each mill was entirely independent Reliance sieve purifiers


The roller floor

The purifier floor

The Universal Bolter

of the other. The engine was a Reynolds-Corliss vertical compound condensing, with cylinders 22x44x48 inches. The engine itself was located between the two main line shafts, extending from the mill through into the engine room. The 18 foot diameter fly wheel of the engine also acted as the driving pulley for both mills and took two 30 inch belts; one to drive each mill. Each mill could be stopped by throwing out a friction clutch. Each of the two mills contained the same amount of machinery, so the arrangement in one was reflected in the other. The basements had low ceilings and were used for storage. On the first floor there was a line of flour and feed packers on each side of the mill close to the wall, so it left the whole floor in front of the packers for work and storage. The second floor had the line

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 13


Milling and Grain supports the aims and objectives of the Mills Archive Trust, based in Reading, England. The history of milling no matter where it has taken place - is being archived by the Trust. For well over 100 years milling technology has been global with many magazines serving or having served our industry from flour and food to feed and oilseed processing and now to fish feeds. A most recent contribution to the Trust’s collection is a complete century of past edition of the now out-of-print ‘NorthWestern Miller’ from the United States. We are proud to present here, front cover illustrations from this valued and longserving publication as a visual reminder of the importance contribution past magazines provided to our industry.

YOUR GLOBAL PARTNER

Art in the Archive We are a charity that saves the world’s milling images and documents and makes them freely available for reference. We have more than two million records. We aim to cover the entire history of milling, from its ancient origins up to the present day. Find out what we have and how you can help us grow.

millsarchive.org The Mills Archive Trust Registered Charity No 1155828


Milling News Harter’s A No 1 Flour

Section of the engine room

Millers long ago....

Advert for P Allis Co Milwaukee

shafting to drive the roller mills and the boots of the elevators and the third floor had on each side 24 double 9x30 Gray roller mills, which did all the grinding. Gray, who was the Chief Milling Engineer to Allis probably justifies an article by himself. The fourth floor was the spouting floor and contained the piping and fans for the roll exhaust and the fifth floor had 10 Reliance sieve purifiers with one Perfection dust collector to each purifier; there were also two large dust collectors for the roll exhaust. The sixth and upper floors contained the elevator heads with their spouting and the complete bolting apparatus for the mill, namely nine 60-inch Universal bolters and 10 centrifugal reels. The centrifugal reels were used principally for dusting bran, feed and low-grade flour. The wheat cleaners were located at the opposite end of the mill building to the engine room and were cut off from the mill proper by a brick wall. The floors of this part of the mill corresponded in number and height with the mill itself. The only treatment the wheat received in the mill before going to the first break rolls was to pass through a suction and the wheat steamers. A 50,000-bushel elevator located outside the mill was used chiefly for mixing.

The mill was always kept scrupulously clean and tidy and the company had accepted the milling engineers claim that this type of mill would do better work than reel mills or any other sieve machine. The main reason for this was that the Universal Bolter was constructed on a different principle to any other. There was nothing on the sieve to agitate and scour the stock, and cleaner work could be done on a coarser silk than on any other sieve because the impurities were always on the top and never came in contact with the silk. The only thing in common with other sieve machines was the gyrating motion. “Harter A No 1� flour became very popular overseas as well as in the domestic markets, particularly in the United Kingdom, but also in South Africa, the West Indies, and South America. The geographical and historical spread of our holdings at the Mills Archive mean that I can only provide snapshots; if you would like to know more please email me at mills@millsarchive.org.

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 15


Milling News

Silvery Tweed partners with British spelt supplier to bring ancient grains from field to fork

C

ereal processor Silvery Tweed Cereals is continuing to champion the UK’s grain growing capabilities with its newest supply partnership. Working together with County Durham spelt producers Craggs & Co., Silvery Tweed will be able to provide its customers with a reliable supply of competitively priced, locally-grown spelt products – a rarity in the UK grain market. Based in Sedgefield in the Co. Durham region, commercial wheat growers Craggs & Co. expanded into spelt production after cultivating a test batch for a family friend and finding that conditions on their land were ideal for growing the grain. Craggs & Co.’s range of Red Tractor and TASCCcertified hulled spelt products was launched in March 2017, with customers ranging in size from home bakers up to large commercial bakeries and food manufacturers. In addition to milling the grain into flour for their own range of products, Craggs & Co.’s spelt will be used in Silvery Tweed’s own processed cereal products such as flakes and kibble, which will then be supplied to the food manufacture and breakfast cereal industries. Thanks to this partnership, Silvery Tweed will be able to offer customers a reliable supply of UK ancient grain with a very transparent supply chain whilst also controlling price volatility; due to fluctuations in European supply and demand, these benefits can be less easy to deliver when relying on imported grain. The endeavour also highlights the consistent availability and quality of UK-grown spelt for product development purposes. Craggs & Co. founder, Stephen Craggs, explains, “To increase the stability of our enterprise, we have secured the backing 16 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

of a network of spelt growers around the country, who are given specialist support and expertise from our team to maximise consistency between crops.” This, alongside the cost benefits, should reassure food manufacturers and NPD teams of the UK spelt market’s stability. Silvery Tweed’s MD, Bob Gladstone, says of the partnership, “We’re very happy to be working so closely with Craggs & Co. The values of the two businesses are incredibly well-aligned:

we’re two family-owned firms which are both committed to delivering quality, transparency and longevity in the supply chain. “Like Craggs & Co., Silvery Tweed understands the importance of sustainability and longevity, both in terms of environmental impact and stock supply. And we’re both firms which champion local suppliers and promote produce grown in the region: at Silvery Tweed we source most of our grains from within a small radius of Berwick, and it’s great to be able to add British spelt to our product list.”

Petfood and aquatic feed production challenges and solutions

O

n the 27th and 28th of February, Wenger Manufacturing and Ottevanger Milling Engineers have organised a special seminar about the latest challenges and solutions in Petfood and Aquatic Feed production. They will share their latest advancements and how they fill a need or relieve a pain in your process of products. This course will lead you through the key processing centres, discussing the latest advancements in process technology, energy efficiency, product definition and feed safety concerns. All with the goal of giving you insights or techniques to improve your company’s approach. Speakers include from Wenger Manufacturing, Inc.; Mauricio Bernadi, Director of Sales; Brian Streit, Director of Petfood and Aquatic Technology, Jesse Mitchell, Aquatic Feed Sales; Spencer Lawson, UP/C Technology Manager and Aquatic Process Support and Daniel Tramp, Sales Companion Animal Division. Speakers from Ottevanger Milling Engineers include; Paul Eijmberts, Area Sales Manager Pacific and Asia and Hennie Pieterse, Sales Representative Australia. The cost for this seminar is free, although space is limited. Attendees are responsible for hotel and transportation costs to and from the seminar, when making hotel reservations reference Wenger Manufacturing Seminar to receive the seminar room rate. The companies will provide lunch on both days of the seminar. Due to limited space there is a restriction of a maximum of four members from each company. The location of the event is Novotel Sydney Central Hotels and Resorts, 169-179 Thomas Street, Sydney, NSW, 2000 Australia.


Milling News

S

Sukup provide Hawaii trip to employees

ukup Manufacturing Co. founder Eugene Sukup developed a company culture of treating employees like family. This concept is ingrained at the company, with examples like giving every employee a free turkey for Thanksgiving, zero dollar single healthcare premiums, providing snacks at break time every day, and the soon to open on-site healthcare clinic. Another major perk the company provides its employees – after 10 years of employment, employees and their spouse earn a trip to Hawaii. The Hawaii incentive trip takes place every six years, and this year it was from January 5-12, 2018. One 162 employees and spouses qualified for the trip with employment of 10 years or more. The company provides airfare, transportation, lodging, and at least one meal per day. Attendees stayed at both Waikiki Beach and Maui, toured the Pearl Harbor memorial, and participated in excursions to enjoy Hawaii’s many natural resources. They also interacted with Sukup dealers and attended sales meetings. Charles Sukup, Sukup Manufacturing CEO commented, “The Hawaii trip is a tradition we love as a family and a company, this year was our 12th Hawaii trip, and each one is a fun and relaxing time to celebrate our long-term employees’ hard work and dedication. It’s a great way to mix business and pleasure.” Company CFO Steve Sukup explained, “One highlight of the trip this year was family members and employees jumping off of Black Rock cliff together. This trip is a major benefit to long-term employees, but we also make ourselves accessible to all employees year-round, regardless of how long they’ve worked for us.”

18 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

Nadine Wreghitt, who works as Project and Warehouse Manager at Sukup and participated in the trip for the first time, added, “This trip is something that employees really look forward to qualifying for at 10 years of employment. I don’t know of many other companies that offer an incentive like going to Hawaii! In fact, human resources managers at other companies have contacted us to ask about how to start a similar trip to show appreciation of their employees.” In addition to the 162 employees and spouses who participated, high performing Sukup dealers also qualify to attend. This year, 75 dealers participated with their spouses and families, for a total of 366 dealer attendees. During the trip, the company held an awards ceremony to honor dealers whose sales met and exceeded high sales goals. Sukup also presented the first ever Legacy Award, which honored Sukup distributor Tim Gilk for making exceptional contributions to his community.

YOUR GLOBAL PARTNER


Milling News

New technologies at Anuga FoodTec 2018

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he international food industry is developing fantastically. So is the food technology exhibition Anuga FoodTec, expecting 1,700 exhibitors in 2018 and thus an incresae of 200 exhibitors in comparison to 2015. The event takes place in Cologne, Germany, at three-year intervals March 20-23, 2018. The daily opening times are between 0900-1800. Similarly, Behn+Bates is growing as well. Besides innovations in product filling and palletising, the German food specialist within the Haver & Boecker Company will present a diversity of systems for product screening and bulk loading as well as complete packaging automation, this will be supplied for the first time at Anuga FoodTec 2018. The company will display this extensive programme together with its sister companies Feige Filling, Haver Automation, Haver Niagara, Ibau Hamburg and Newtec Bag Palletising on its stand in hall 8.1, stand D030/E021. Haver Niagara will show the reject screening machine Haver R-Class. The compactly built machine has been especially developed for fully automatic screening of bulk products coming from big bags and silo systems. It ensures that no reject or agglomerates get into the final product during packing. Thus, additional inspections are no longer necessary and time is saved. The product flow is not negatively affected and depending on the project and on the product to be processed different wire cloth types are available. In addition, the

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control sieve can easily be retrofitted in different sections of existing production plants. Behn + Bates will present a manually operated filling module, generated from the brand-new hygienic machine Roto-packer Adams Care-line Edition. The innovative hygienic machine, meeting the constantly increasing demands of the food industry in an optimum way, offers the best possible hygienic standard that is available for filling pre-fabricated open-mouth and FFS bags on the international markets at present. The machine design, featuring minimised dust deposit areas and optimum cleaning possibilities, allows for optimum hygienic conditions. All integrated components are enclosed and reduced to a minimum. There are nearly no open threads or boreholes in the sectional steel frame. Therefore, product dusts cannot accumulate. The inclined machine edges and the rounded machine corners additionally facilitate cleaning and elimination of smaller product dust deposits. Bag palletising follows the bag filling process; as such Newtec Bag Palletizing will exhibit the new palletiser TERRAM G out of its already known TERRAM palletiser series. The new palletiser has especially been developed to meet the demands of the food industry. It is compact and produces high-quality bag pallets. To form the stacks the filled bags are turned into the right position with the help of a gripper and then pushed onto the so-called double pallet formed by two packing plates. The readily formed bag layer is hold tight by lateral plates and transferred to the pallet where it is gently stacked. It offers all advantages of the series: compact design, high security and simple maintenance that can be carried out from the ground. Thus, Newtec will present the “most user-friendly palletiser of the world�.

Feige Filling will show the ELEMENTRA 16 filling machine in a special version. The ELEMENTRA 16 is a pre-configured pivoting pallet filling station with two different scale bases to choose from. This compact Plug & Fill solution equipped for semi-automatic operation is extremely flexible. It can fill cans, drums and IBCs with filling weights from 2.5 up to 1,500 on pallets. It is easy to set up and fulfills highest requirements in daily operations. The loading chute developed by IBAU HAMBURG, that can also be seen during Anuga FoodTec 2018, is used for the loading of trucks and railcars with many different types of bulk goods, e. g. grain. Its double cone sealing ensures a dust-free loading. The length of the loading chute can easily be adapted depending on the situation at site. Haver automation is able to optimise complete production and logistical processes based on the management and control systems that they will present at Anuga foodtec 2018 and that can be adapted to individual customer requirements. They evaluate production data and calculate key figures thus helping increase the effectiveness of a plant In addition, they can supply the complete engineering, process control and power distribution systems as well as the switch and control cabinets and the complete electrical installation thus offering the advantages of minimised interfaces and responsibilities as well as of smooth project processes and realisations. Considering the tremendous programme, Behn + Bates and its sister companies will for the first time, present to this extent at Anuga foodtec 2018, they have reported feeling well prepared for the increasing demands in the world-wide food processing industry. The complete team is looking forward to an exciting exhibition with many international visitors.


Milling News

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Compound feed production estimates he industrial compound feed production for farmed animals1 in the EU-282 in 2017 reached an estimated level of 156.7 mio. t, i.e. 0.2 percent more than in 2016, according to data provided by FEFAC members. As regards cattle feed, the abolishment of dairy quotas in 2015 resulted in very contrasted evolutions of milk production and demand for dairy feed across EU Member States in 2016. 2017 has seen consolidations of the national orientations, with positive evolutions around five to eight percent in countries such as Poland, Belgium and UK. The drought on the Iberic Table 1 peninsula affected the forages (mio. t) 2016 supply and, therefore, resulted in a higher demand for compound Cattle feed 43.1 feed. Overall, the recovery of Pig feed 50.3 milk prices encouraged dairy Poultry feed 54.2 farmers to resume purchases Total 156.5 of high performing feed to Source: FEFAC maximise milk production, resulting in an aggregate increase in EU cattle feed production of one percent in 2017. Concerning poultry feed production; the Avian Influenza outbreak severely impacted some poultry producing regions of Europe, especially duck farming for foie gras in France and Hungary. A number of EU countries saw their poultry feed production stabilise and even slightly decrease, with the noticeable exception of Poland, which recorded a seven percent growth for the third year in a row. All in all, EU poultry feed production remained almost stable and is still the leading segment of EU industrial compound feed production, well ahead of pig feed. On the pig feed side, the setback recorded in 2016 was confirmed in 2017 (-1%), in line with the evolution of pigmeat production in 2017 in the EU. The global demand for pigmeat (in particular from China) supported the recovery of market prices in the EU. However, this did not translate into a recovery of pig production, in particular due to the still persistent effects of African Swine Fever in Eastern Europe.  For the fourth year in a row, Poland was the best performing country, with annual growth of total compound feed production of +7.5 percent, boosted by

22 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

the demand for poultry feed but also dairy feed. Among the largest compound feed producing countries, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy maintained their production of compound feed, whereas France and Spain recorded a drop of resp. -1 and -3 percent and UK increased its production by almost two percent. Germany strengthened its position as leading EU country in terms of total compound feed production, ahead of Spain and France. The final estimate and detailed breakdown of the 2017 figures will be issued in June 2018 in the margins of the FEFAC Annual General Meeting. Market outlook for 2018 FEFAC market experts are relatively optimistic concerning 2017 % Var 17/16 industrial compound feed production in 2018. The dairy sector 43.5 +1.0 still needs to recover from the 49.9 -1.0 severe milk price crisis and get rid 54.4 +0.5 of the vast stocks of skimmed milk 156.7 +0.2 powder, leading FEFAC experts to anticipate a stabilisation of the demand for cattle feed. A number of factors will weigh in on the development of EU pig production. Present figures show an expansion of the sow herd. However, the effective development of pigmeat production and the subsequent demand for pig feed will also depend on the global demand for pigmeat, which is expected to stabilise. Also the development of national/ local legislation on manure and phosphorous emissions can have an impact. A stabilisation of the production of pig feed can therefore, be anticipated. While poultry exports will continue to be affected by restrictions in third countries due to Avian Influenza, the persistent trend to increase in consumption of poultry meat in the EU is expected to support a demand in poultry feed, leading to an increase of one percent in 2018. However, this could be constrained due to a trend in certain western countries to reduce stocks density in poultry holding triggered by animal welfare concerns. Overall, this would lead to a moderate 0.5 percent increase in compound feed production in 2018 vs. 2017. A number of parameters will evidently affect this outlook. The evolution of outbreaks of Avian Influenza and African swine fever will be decisive, in particular in terms of preserving EU export capacities.


Milling News

Real time data for transformative levels of processing efficiency

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ühler Aeroglide has introduced a new customerpartnership approach that uses big data flows to reach unprecedented levels of processing efficiency. The company’s new Digital Service Group is turning IIoT connectivity into true business value, giving operators and managers the ability to make decisions with confidence. Paul Mckeithan, Head of Digital Services, commented, “Bühler’s Digital Services Group brings another dimension to our partnerships with customers. We’re going one step further after engineering a pilot process, scaling it for mass production, and manufacturing and commissioning a technology solution. Access to data analytics from full time, realtime process monitoring means we can help customers make better decisions. We can help them act on information quickly and effectively,

in ways that impact every aspect of business.” He continued, “In today’s competitive marketplace, with economic and environmental conditions constantly changing, sustainable processing is aimed at meeting present needs without compromising future viability. It’s not just our corporate responsibility, sustainability directly relates to efficiency, minimising waste, finding cost-savings and new profitability. Our Digital Services Group gives customers the integrated operational connectivity they need to ensure business success.” Digital services and the industrial internet of things (IIoT) are rapidly transforming processing operations with intuitive and intelligent analytical capabilities. In an increasingly connected digital world, seamless monitoring of end-to-end processing ensures consistency in product, efficient energy use and safe food

production. With data analytics that track and measure operational success, customers can make real time business decisions that impact the bottom line. Required changes can be immediate, saving valuable time needed for manual testing, while increasing a dryer’s yield. Even the smallest percentage gain can increase profitability. A real-time management that achieves a net increase of just one percent in finished moisture can result in a return-on-investment increase of US$300,000. This translates into an energy savings valued at US$20,000 per year. For food safety, process monitoring with sensor-based technology gives users access to real-time log reduction data based on parameter sensors that send information to a program modelled to a particular process. Should a process change occur, the user is alerted so that the process can be stopped or diverted. For segments of the food and feed industries that rely on drying or roasting equipment for a kill step, this is a valuable solution for food safety validation.

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Milling News

Handling produce efficiently

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he Netherlands based agricultural machinery specialist Van Hees manufacturers its automated BOXFILR system for handling vegetable produce such as potatoes, carrots and onions. For farm warehouse use at harvest time and as a yearround means for supporting distribution, storage and transportation, the system includes conveyor delivery, filling, emptying and crate stacking operations with very high efficiency thanks to several modules that perform specific tasks. These modules are often adapted to suit the precise needs of the customer and for BOXFILR users that require weight information for their produce, Van Hees chooses ZEMIC for load cells and weight information transmitters. Central to the BOXFILR system is its ‘Bunker Filler’, produced as a single or much higherthroughput double module. This machine can fill a crate in a matter of seconds with a throughput of up 100 tonnes per hour. With in-situ weighing added to the machine, this removes a downstream procedure – optimising operation and reducing time & cost. ZEMIC, represented in the UK by Variohm EuroSensor, specify its BM8H series shear beam load cell, which is designed for use in hopper,

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platform and pallet scale applications. The IP68 rated load cell boasts an OIML R60 C3 accuracy class in six selectable capacity options from 500kg to 5t. The durable design includes a hermetically sealed stainless steel case. To further automate the weighing process on the BOXFILR, a ZEMIC Top-Sensors T1 weight transmitter is connected to the BM8H load cell and the produce weight information sent to the main control unit. The DIN rail mounted transmitter includes a seven-segment display and is available with a wide choice of output configurations including analogue (voltage and current) as well as USB and fieldbus protocols for Profibus DP, Ethernet/Modbus TCP/IP, CANopen and Profinet. An RS485 serial port provides connection for PC/PLC and three outputs/two inputs may be used for machine interaction.

Harbor cranes en route to India

ecently, three units mobile harbor cranes left for Paradip port in India, from Rugao port at Jiangsu. Paradip Port is now equipped with 15 berths, three Single Point Moorings (SPM), one Ro-Ro Jetty, a well-maintained Approach and Entrance Channel having 17.1 Metres minimum depth to handle a wide range of vessels up to maximum LOA of 260 Mtrs. The three machines will be the main members of the port machine fleet. The three units MHCs are the second-generation products. The structure updated from H-shaped steel structure to polygonal tower structure with anti-twist performance. More benefits provided or strengths are considered in totally new GHC series, as follow: • Full-rotation chassis, less mobile space required, more flexible. • Automatic centering and self-aligning function of the spreader mean higher efficiency and easier operation.

24 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

• Self-leveling system installed, makes automatic leveling of the whole machine available. • Power room and engine room equipped with automatic fire

suppression system to further ensure safety. • Octahedral tower structure, provides more stability especially when grab operation.


Milling News

Research highlights opportunity to improve the iron status of piglets

Positive feedback for printed directory Tom Blacker, International Milling and Grain Directory

January has been an excellent month for the Directory with the 2018 print edition being distributed to a warm reception with wonderful feedback already received. As promised in my previous column, the wait has been worthwhile with 11 new categories. Many thanks go out to the teams at Perendale who produce the directory, and the members who have taken part, with the result that over 1,600 active members are represented with tried-and-tested contact details. The revised format with Product Focuses within the newly formatted sections provides clear ways to use the Directory, which are proving popular and are being set to be developed further for upcoming editions. The Equipment Guides were great for technical specifications, but the trend is now for apps and websites to deliver this directly from the manufacturers, rather than the directory. However, the directory is still the gateway to suppliers and products. As well as good news close to home, the new directory was distributed at different conferences on different continents. In January, there was the large IPPE exhibition for the grain and animal feed industries, which provided a new team member—Fred Norwood. Fred has been in the industry for many years as the President of Norwood & Co and knows some of the Directory’s members. Also in January, VIV MEA was a fantastic event for the animal feed milling, processing and handling sectors of the Gulf region. The event attracted many European and Gulf visitors, and provided some good opportunities for promoting the directory. Lastly, in January, (and promoted in the weekly newsletters), these six companies — headquartered in five different countries joined: Grainpro Pty Limited - Australia Mantracourt Electronics Ltd - UK Magships Resources — India Meetings Int — Singapore Elk Grove Milling Inc — USA Modern Process Equipment — USA @intlmilling facebook.com/internationalmillingdirectory

AND GRAIN

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ron deficiency could be reducing the performance of piglets post-weaning, despite the routine use of iron injections and feed supplements.   Recent data from Canada shows that, of approximately 1,000 pigs tested on 20 commercial farms using standard iron protocols, around 30 percent had low iron status or anaemia at weaning. This was associated with a loss in performance postweaning.  Dr Peter Wilcock, North America Commercial Manager, AB Vista explained that a more wide-ranging perspective was needed, in order to bring about solutions for pig producers, “To address the wider issue of anaemia on-farm, and investigate ways to mitigate the problem, a more holistic approach is required, considering other possible ways of boosting iron intake.” The new study showed that adding high levels of phytase to starter feeds could increase the iron status of piglets, improving FCR and daily gain. Dr Wilcock commented, “This research is particularly important as economic pressures change the way pigs are produced.” He continued, “The move away from animal protein based starter feeds in favour of those based more on vegetable sources may meet regulatory requirements and help to contain costs, but it also increases the level of dietary phytate. With phytate being well recognised as binding iron, it will reduce the availability of iron to piglets. Combined with the trend towards larger, faster growing litters, this means that the risk of iron deficiency in piglets is increased.” Dr Wilcock explained that the addition of high doses of phytase to starter feeds could achieve near-complete breakdown of phytate and its lower isomers, increasing available iron and resulting in improved post-weaning performance.  In this particular study, weaner pigs were given different doses of modified E. coli phytase with high phytate affinity, to break down the phytate component of the vegetable protein. Assessment of iron status 21 days after weaning showed that, as the dose of phytase was increased, the iron status of the piglets improved in proportion. This in turn was reflected in improved growth and FCR. Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 25


Milling News

Semolina plant for the Turkish macaroni manufacturer

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ne of Turkey’s biggest macaroni manufacturers has chosen Alapala for its new turnkey semolina mill. The building of this Greenfield project was designed as a 500+500TPD semolina installation. The first phase of 500TPD will be followed by the second phase later this year. Founded in 1954, Alapala Machine is the eldest and a

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well-known company of the Alapala Group; the company has a place amongst the top two companies in the world of its industry. The company builds turnkey plants of any desired capacity and is one of the top 500 exporters in Turkey, exporting 95 percent of its production. It has a considerable number of turnkey references in over 100 countries, including; Germany, France and the USA, this is as well as being set up in four continents.

Alapala Group celebrate 2017 success

lapala Group have added new additions to their 2017 achievements. The company has doubled capacity thanks to its new production plant, increased focus on R&D and automation whilst expanding their product ranges and maintaining the highest quality. During 2017, the company commissioned 14 turnkey plants worldwide. Countries using Alapala technology to produce semolina and flour include; Ghana, Hungary, Serbia, Kenya, India and the Phillipines. For 2018, production and installations have begun for 18 new mills to start milling with the namesake technology.

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Mentor of Milling technology The most important treasure of Alapala is, its intellectual capital. The secret of our success: right decisions. The secret of taking right decisions: The experience!


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Flexibility at Mühlenchemie

“Nosingleformulation candoitall.Butwehave theexpertisetocreate allyouneed.” Hendrik Begemann, Managing Director Stern Ingredients Mexico

Thinking differently. We do it all the time. For instance, we work with our Latin American customers to develop products that give the best flour properties with available wheat under local conditions. We’re willing to discuss anything except compromising on the maximum in quality. So that regional production conditions give rise to regional specialities.

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Addressing biodiversity, hidden hunger and malnutrition Clifford Spencer, Goodwill Ambassador, NEPAD and Chairman, Milling4Life

For those of you that regularly read this column, you will be aware of my concern regarding the narrowing choice of grains as feedstock for millers of food and feed. The rate of change in cereal production and its reduction to just three principle crops of maize, wheat and rice is ultimately to the consumers loss in terms of food and feed value, as well as animal and human nutrition and health. In 2018 Milling4Life will be working with various initiatives to reverse this trend of reducing biodiversity, and also to aid research in major opportunities for previously ignored crops as feedstocks for the industry. We will be doing this, as these are more often than not the crops that smallholder and subsistence farmers in developing countries both understand and rely upon for their survival. What is missing is the investment in plant breeding and agronomy for these crops that the ‘big three’ of wheat, rice and maize have received over the last century. One initiative you will be hearing more about during 2018 is the African Orphan Crops Initiative (AOCC), which we will be working closely. Nutrition is at the core of AOCC and that consortium is working to address hidden hunger, malnutrition and stunting in Africa through the use of nutritious local food crops. Many of these crops are rich in vitamins, micronutrients, anti-oxidants and medicinal ingredients. Due to non-standard and unimproved cultivars grown in the countryside, it is possible that they vary in their nutritional compositions and this may not help in getting the right nutrition in the correct proportions. AOCC aims to make these nutritious crops already grown at scale in Africa productive. Another initiative whose work we will be supporting is the Global Crop Diversity Trust (GCDT). Crop diversity is essential for life on earth as it underpins nearly everything we eat and drink, but that diversity is rapidly disappearing. The Crop Trust is responding to the crisis threatening the foundation of our food, and is the only international organisation dedicated solely to conserving and making available crop diversity. We will also be looking at developments in cereal processing technologies like extrusion, and how the benefits of these developing technologies can be incorporated into and for the benefit of smallholder production in developing countries. Encouraging grower co-operatives and the adoption of modern milling technology has the potential to be life changing in these situations. The result of this strategy will be seen in Milling4Life’s 30 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

involvement in several practical on the ground projects to the benefit of all of the above initiatives and organisations. We will be working with leading universities and research establishments and ground building work in respect of building these networks, which place in 2017. We will for instance be working with food processors, shippers and logistics experts in several Far Eastern countries to promote trade and development that favours smallholders and ordinary citizens in these developing countries. We will also look to closely work with the grain storage and processing industry for the establishment of exemplar units than can be rolled out in developing countries. Many of the latest developments in grain milling are indeed old ideas that have been revisited in recent times because of advances in manufacturing technology. A prime example is the application of double grinding without intermediate sieving. There are three main categories where advances have been made, machine capacities, machine construction, and new machine technologies. The current stimulus for development in flour milling technology is the flour miller’s requirement to produce the highest quality products at minimum cost. This has been achieved in the past through investment in new technologies, which are supplied by a small number of equipment manufacturers. Most recent development work has centered on the optimisation of machine design and capacity and the application of these machines to existing processing strategies. One result has been the development of more compact flourmills in recent years, but all these are employing conventional processing strategies. This kind of optimisation can only be pursued to a finite degree and the introduction of new grain feed stocks. Add to all of the above the current global grain industry trends in meeting the demands of changing eating habits, the demand for more convenient food with an increasing demand for healthy and safe eating together with the availability particularly in developed countries of luxury and life style products. Also recent trends in the supply chain with new supply sources, quality variation, contamination and the effect of disease together with operational challenges, energy prices and the availability of (qualified) labour, all makes for the need for clear and concise strategies for the industry moving forward. Milling4Life will be doing its best to positively contribute to great outcomes for the industry coupled with serving the nutritional and health aspirations of millions of people in developing countries.


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Milling News

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Rapid aflatoxin testing services

ureau Veritas and Schutter Group, agri-commodities testing and inspection, have introduced a rapid aflatoxin pre-shipment inspection and quality control process designed to protect producers, shippers, global buyers and feed processors by mitigating the risk of toxin exposure through on-site quick detection tests. Aflatoxin is a naturally occurring mycotoxin produced by two types of mold: aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus. Aspergillus flavus is common and widespread in nature and is most often found when certain grains are grown under stressful conditions such as drought or excessive precipitation levels. Exposure to aflatoxins can cause liver damage and cancer if not immediately identified and addressed. Animals fed contaminated food can pass aflatoxin transformation products into eggs,

milk products, and meat. For example, in 2016 Brazilian corn crops were heavily impacted by aflatoxin problems, mainly due to the drought in Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Minas Gerais. Brazil is about to experience one of the largest corn harvests in recent years. Therefore, close monitoring and testing of the country’s 2017 corn crop is required to alleviate product contamination, food safety concerns and even global cargo rejection resulting in economic losses. Schutter Group, a Bureau Veritas company, offers aflatoxin control services during the vessel pre-loading process through the implementation of a rapid and minimally disruptive testing process. Grains and byproducts are taken as samples during discharge of inbound delivery trucks or even directly on a shipping vessel’s

load conveyor belt. Product testing is then performed using quantitative strip tests that quantify total aflatoxin content within only 7-10 minutes. Alan Shirley, Vice-President Marketing & Sales, Bureau Veritas Agri-Commodities explained, “Bureau Veritas and Schutter Group are well equipped to perform aflatoxin quality control and detection for the upcoming agriculture export season. We have invested in equipment and test kits to address on-site aflatoxin testing needs in high-demand ports and have five laboratories approved by both FOSFA and GAFTA to perform inhouse analysis.” He summarised, “The service is an essential element of our grain quality control process and fundamental to our inspection service adding value for customers in the global agricultural industry.”

Components for chain conveyors

Conveyor Components and Solutions 32 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

www.vav.nl contact@vav.nl +31(0)71-4023701 The Netherlands


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GROWING INTO THE FUTURE TAKING CARE ADDING VALUE SOLUTIONS FOR HANDLING AND STORAGE OF GRAIN AND SEED Cimbria develops and manufactures an entire range of equipment and solutions for seed processing and grain storage. Thorough technical engineering experience and in-depth product knowledge enable us to supply solutions for cleaning, grading and treatment of various seed and grain products. Special focus is kept on effective sorting and cleaning, gentle handling and storage, crop-purity, safe and dust-free operation and low running costs.

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Milling News

Alka feed options highlight versatility of alkalisation

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any UK dairy farmers could boost their use of highly cost-effective home-grown cereals in cow diets by as much as 40 percent thanks to a range of alkalising feed options from FiveF Alka Limited. Speaking to farmers at UK Dairy Day, FiveF Alka Limited director and nutritionist Malcolm Graham said the company was now able to offer every milk producer in the country a bespoke alkalised feed solution designed to help them make the most of what they can grow on their own farm. He remarked, “Many farm users of our alkalising technology are now feeding 20-40 percent more of their home-grown feed materials, cutting feed costs whilst also increasing milk output and improving longer-term profit factors such as cow energy status and fertility.” He added that there was a range of post-harvest options still available to UK dairy farmers, “You can now make Alkagrain right through the winter from stored cereals, or easily alkalise a TMR by using AlkabupHa – even if you don’t have any grain in the barn. The key message is versatility.” To complement the alkalising technology FiveF has

developed over the last 30 years allowing farmers to make their own Alkalage, Alkagrain and Alkastraw, the company is also now helping partner feed companies to make a range of Alka feeds. Mr Graham explained, “A great example of this co-operation is new Alkafibre. This new product is a joint development between HJ Lea Oakes and ourselves, which can be distributed nationally. Alkafibre is made from oatfeed pellets, a feed ingredient perceived to be of low nutritional value. However, the alkalisation process improves the rumen degradability of this fibre, adds valuable protein and makes it highly alkaline, making it a very cost-effective alternative to more conventional ration fibre sources such as beet pulp and soya hulls.” He went on, “The new Alkablend blended feeds incorporate the super concentrated Alkagrain 150 Concentrate premix at 20 percent, allowing blenders to produce a range of bespoke feeds made from the ingredients stocked to balance on-farm feed availability and quality. The high specification Alkanut ranges are manufactured pelleted feeds ready to use straight off the truck. They are also based on the novel Alkagrain 150 Concentrate. This is a powerful alkalising feed option and will be particularly useful for automated feeding systems, such as through milking parlours, robots and out-of-parlour feeders.”

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34 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

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Milling News

Study uncovers distinctions in major crop genome evolutions

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ometime between five million and 13 million years ago, both maize and soybeans underwent genome duplications, but Purdue University scientists believe that they happened in very different manners. Damon Lisch, associate professor in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, and Jianxin Ma, professor in the Department of Agronomy, studied the evolution of these major crop plants’ genomes. They wanted to understand the ways in which genomes duplicate – creating multiple copies of genes – and how those genomes change over time. In maize, Lisch and Ma believe the duplication happened when two species of grass with similar genomes crossed, like distant cousins. The genome from one plant was dominant, and over time, lost redundant copies of genes at a far lower rate than the other. Lisch explained, “You don’t need two copies of everything, and there are many examples of differences in the loss of redundant genes when a whole genome duplication results from crosses between related species.” The pair, whose findings were published in the journal The Plant Cell, suggest that those differences arose from

differences in the number and distribution of transposons in the two genomes when they were first combined. Transposons, or so-called “jumping genes,” move around DNA and threaten to alter or damage other genes. The plant defends against those transposons by turning off their activity, sometimes reducing the level of expression of genes around them. Lisch and Ma said the lost genes in maize tend to be from the same subgenome and exhibit differences in both transposons next to genes and levels of expression of those genes. Lisch explained, “If you’re a gene and you have a transposon near that’s been turned off, that can turn down the gene as well. There’s a benefit to turning down the transposons, but there’s also a cost. The data from maize suggests that one of the two genomes that combined to form the maize genome was paying more of a cost. Because of this, genes in this genome expressed at a lower level and were more likely to be lost over time.” Soybeans, however, have lost genes from both genomes at about the same rate. Lisch continued, “That suggests that when the two genomes that came together to form the soybean genome, they were basically identical.” The authors’ findings suggest that soybean’s genome duplication came not from a cross of distant relatives, but from the plants own genome spontaneously doubling. Understanding the role transposons play on the evolution of genomes can help scientists understand how plants make compromises within those genomes. Ma summarised, “This provides insights on how duplicated genomes have changed and how those changes may have affected the plant’s phenotype as we observe it today. This may facilitate discoveries in gene networks as we analyse traits of agronomic importance.” The United Soybean Board, Indiana Soybean Alliance, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative of the US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the National Science Foundation supported this research.

YOUR GLOBAL PARTNER

38 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


漀渀 琀栀攀 眀愀礀 琀漀 琀栀攀 昀甀琀甀爀攀

刀☀䐀 吀伀倀 ㈀㔀 

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Probiotic bacteria authorised in Europe as zootechnical feed additive

Adapting into the New Year by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG For farming in the UK, the weather that affects every single one of us has not been kind. We here have not had much freezing conditions and snow for very many years, but this winter we have seen quite a lot but much more rain. So far, we have not seen any major flooding but our fields are very wet making for a lot more work for our stock farmers having to house and feed more to keep production going. The animals, mostly sheep, that live out look very bedraggled it is not good for them. Where animals are housed with constant rain, slurry disposal becomes problematic. Not only increasing the risk of run off and thus polluting the water, courses as it is used to fertilise the fields but with soil damage caused by the heavy machinery now commonly used. Where the slurry is injected into the ground or irrigated from a standing plant this problem is mitigated. No matter where you farm and how much we try we are all at the mercy of the weather. Just recently I have been away from our small farm in the city, because the vast majority of our world are now living in cities, there is a very different view of life and food. It is quite sad to me that most people certainly in my country have absolutely no idea of where their food comes from They just go into a shop or supermarket and find what they want, and all I want to do ask them if they know how food is produced and delivered to them. They have no real idea, generally they are concerned that the farmers are not trying to poison them by using chemicals on the crops, fruit and vegetables that they are buying. They have no ideas about the carefully implemented controls that we have in the UK to protect us from harmful products. Sadly the same cannot be said about 40 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

production in other areas, and I include parts of Europe in this statement. For our livestock farming, anti microbial resistance is rightly a major concern to the public, of course again here in the UK the use of antibiotics in animal production is strictly controlled by our highly trained veterinary surgeons. Not so in other major livestock producing nations where anyone can buy medication that should be controlled with no qualifications, or indeed where correct disease diagnostics have been carried out. This state of affairs has to be corrected, as we now have increasingly better science to help us identify problems that may arise at an early stage, we can prevent costly disease outbreaks occurring isolate the affected animals and limit spread. Not only helping the farmer in cost reduction but also in the long run helping maintain profitability, which is the most essential part of any business. This aspect is usually overlooked as the world looks for cheap food. There is an exception this is where people who have very large disposable incomes, will pay more for their food if they are confident of how it has been produced and we see a demand for food that can be labelled as organically grown. But on the large scale of food and crop production needed to keep our increasing population fed, the lower outputs from these systems will not be the answer We look then to our geneticists to identify ways that we can increase yields without reverting back to the politically unacceptable GM, and with scientists developing more measures to help increase production and reduce inputs. Our farmers worldwide are ever keen to use new methods will be capable with training and education of keeping up with demand. We will be at lots of exhibitions this coming year showcasing the UK's capabilities in the field of Agriculture and look forward to discussing with you our industry. @AgrictecExports

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allemand Animal Nutrition has announced that its probiotic bacteria BACTOCELL (Pediococcus acidilactici MA 18/5M) is now authorised in Europe as a zootechnical feed additive for use in minor avian species for fattening and for laying. This authorisation covers species such as ducks and game (quail and pheasant, among others). Trials performed in research stations and commercial farms have demonstrated the efficacy of the probiotic to improve growth performance and feed efficiency of fattening ducks. The authorisation of the probiotic has also extended to minor porcine categories (weaned and for fattening). These authorisations cover both BACTOCELL for use in feed and BACTOCELL DRINK for use in livestock water for drinking. Matthieu Baulez, Category Manager for Lallemand, commented, “At a time when the livestock industry is searching for valuable alternatives to antibiotics in feed, it is good news that the European Union once again recognised the safety and efficacy of Pediococcus acidilactici MA 18/5M and extends its authorisation to other avian species for which limited solutions are available.” He summarised, “Through a beneficial effect on the poultry digestive microflora, the probiotic bacteria can help improve the microbial environment (balanced fecal microflora) and animal growth performance. For example, studies in fattening ducks performed in Europe have shown an increase of daily weight gain of +2-4 g/day on average and –2 percent feed conversion rate. Improved feed efficiency is translated into enhanced farm revenue.”


ŽNOVUS and CIBENZA are trademarks of Novus International, Inc., and are registered in the United States and other countries. Š2017 Novus International, Inc. All rights reserved. 3987_Perendale


Milling News

Swedish start-up launch global satellite analysis to reduce fertiliser usage

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ultus, a fast growing Swedish start-up, is launching a satellite system, which aims to eliminate waste in farming and help farmers grow healthier plants at a lower cost. The new technology solves a problem that many farmers globally face, over-fertilisation of crops. Satellite systems provide precise information about the fertilisation needs of the specific plants, enabling farmers to efficiently cultivate their crops. At the time of the launch the system will be covering 5.5 million hectares and is estimated to save about 2.3 million tons of CO2, which is the same amount of CO2 as 258,000 car trips from Sweden to South Africa. Vultus, together with their partners from Russia, Ukraine, the UK and India is launching the programme which will be suitable for farmers of all sizes, ranging from small plot farmers in developing countries to farmers who operate on a large industrial scale. The technology will be launched on March 16, 2018. Rather than spreading the fertilisers evenly across the field, it will let farmers know which plants may need more or less fertilisation. For a typical farmer, these up-to-date satellite recommendations could save up to 40 percent of the fertilisers, whilst increasing yields and crop quality. For a medium sized famer, who works in a field of 250 hectares, the system would save approximately €15,000 per year. It is estimated that currently about 60 percent of fertilisers go to waste due to the lack of knowledge of which plants need more of less fertilisation. In Sweden alone, over fertilisation contributes to approximately seven percent of CO2 alone. William Håkansson, founder of Vultus, commented, “What really motivates us is the fact that farming was so inefficient, and we saw how it was being left behind by the technological revolution. 60 percent waste of a primary input would be totally unacceptable in any other industry.”

Strengthening a vegetable seed business

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he recently launched PETKUS fine seed machinery segment has just got a considerable strengthening and complementation. The holding has acquired a majority interest in a joint venture with Selecta Machinefabriek BV. For this purpose a new corporation was started and

42 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

named “PETKUS Selecta BV”. Selecta will be relocated and will move closer to the new PETKUS Vegetable and Fine Seed Technology Centre in Zwaagdijk (NL). The joint venture consequent step to complement the PETKUS portfolio and product range, and for Selecta to make full profit from the innovation and R&D department of the PETKUS Group. Ron Mourik, CEO, commented during the official announcement on the occasion of AgriTechnica 2017, “We will strengthen our efforts in bringing innovative machinery to

the market with special regard to the fine seed sector and the special needs of breeding stations and seed laboratories.” Selecta is specialised in manufacturing of high-quality seed cleaning and processing equipment for smaller to medium sized commercial seed lots, breeding stations and on laboratory scale. All over the world, the company is renowned for top quality products, which are not made in mass production but carefully and precisely built by experts and thus, adapted to the specific demands of the user.


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Hydroponic oxygen system launches on Kickstarter

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ompared with an ordinary hydroponic kit, KANAchan uses the largest source of energy on the earth, which is sunlight, and has an oxygen circulation system, creating the ideal environment for plants. Anyone can easily cultivate not only leafy vegetables but also large vegetables and fruits at home. Versailles Trading Corporation (Tokyo, Japan), which specialises in exporting Japanese popular products to overseas, is now promoting the world best Hydroponic Oxygen System, KANA-chan on Kickstarter from January 30, 2018. KANA-chan is a hydroponic cultivation kit that can grow vegetables and fruits without soil by using the original oxygen circulation system. It has a history of over 40 years among professional Japanese farmers and B2B market, and now it will be converted for home use. The liquid fertiliser circulates while

44 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

oxygen is being added to keep the roots constantly fresh so the roots can grow maximally, so KANA-chan has three to four times of crop yield with double the growing speed than soil cultivation. It is also safe without the use of pesticides, so it is more natural and healthier. Versailles Trading Corporation challenged this campaign to spread this innovative technology to the world so that everyone in the world can easily access fresh and safer vegetables and fruits in their homes. It has been used by over 2,000 farmers, schools, research facilities, welfare facilities etc. throughout Japan. With Hydroponic Oxygen System, oxygen diffuses into water in the process of circulation to support the breathing of the roots. Also, by giving a flow to the system, oxygen molecules and fertiliser ions contact a lot, creating the ideal environment for plants. In recent years, the price of fruits and vegetables has been rising up

year by year, and many people cannot access to the fresh crops for economic reasons and geographical reasons. Hydroponic cultivation can be one of the solutions to that but it had two problems in the past. First, LED does not have a powerful capability of growing food meaning only small leafy vegetables can be grown. Another reason is that maintenance is tiresome. As oxygen and water do not circulate, the roots of the plants can be rotten, which causes mosquitoes and small insects. Without pest control, it would cause chaos. KANA-chan solved all of the issues for home gardening. It uses sunlight, and has an oxygen circulation system, creating the ideal environment for plants. It is also safe without the use of pesticides. During the International Exposition, Tsukuba, Japan in 1985, Hydroponic Oxygen System was first introduced to the public and the Japanese Emperor of that time also visited and saw this. Kyowa Co., Ltd achieved about 17,000 tomatoes from one seed of tomato grown by this innovative system so far.


Mill

Training Food safety experts will present key concepts in regulatory requirements for the animal food industry.

Education about food safety regulations Kansas State University’s IGP Institute will be offering an NGFA–KSU Food Safety Modernisation Act (FSMA) Feed Industry Training course at the IGP Institute Conference Centre, February 20–22, 2018. This training will educate professionals about animal food safety regulations and walk through the process of creating a safety plan. The course will give individuals in the animal food industry the opportunity to gain an understanding of the new safety requirements and implement a plan for animal food safety as required by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Cassandra Jones, associate professor at Kansas State University commented, “There are many new requirements, and this course will describe those requirements to participants as well as give some ideas for implementation and training to those concepts.” The training is a repeat offering with an additional component that will be accredited by the HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points) Alliance. Upon completion of both courses, participants will receive two certificates and will be able to demonstrate a “preventative controls qualified individual” to the FDA.

H.L. Goodwin, former course participant and senior economist for the indigenous food and agricultural initiative at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, Arkansas, describes his experience of the course, “I really enjoyed the trainers and lead instructors in the course who were so knowledgeable and interactive, and they really made you feel good about what you were learning.” The curriculum of the course was developed by the Food Safety Preventative Controls Alliance. The separate HACCP component occurs on the final day following the animal food training, requires registration and is accredited by the International HACCP Alliance.

Kansas State University are offering a Grain Purchasing course between April 9-20, 2018, to educate professionals on understanding and utilising grain markets. The training will include two separate components and an optional trip to an export facility in Portland, Oregon.

Upcoming grain purchasing training Part one of the training will focus on the fundamentals of grain purchasing, and part two will focus on contract pricing and hedging. The first part will be held April 9-12 and will cover topics inclduing USDA grading standards and how they are implemented; how to read a USDA report; examination of world supply and demand for grains; how to establish a proper contract; grain trade rules; and international contracts along with arbitration systems and issues. The second part of the course will between April 16-20, and will focus on topics including the workings of commodity exchanges,

46 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

futures trading, hedging and price risk management. This will also involve discussions of futures, options and OTC contracts, and how they are applied to a risk management strategy. The optional field trip to an export facility in Portland will be April 13-15, participants will be able to apply information from the course to hands-on experience at this facility.


Mill

Training Experts in the pet food industry attended the IGP-KSU Pet Food Formulation for Commercial Production course, January 8-12, 2018, at the IGP Institute Conference Center at Kansas State University. Attending were 25 participants from the United States, Canada and New Zealand where they gained education and experience in developing and formulating pet food products.

Formulation training educates pet food industry professionals Greg Aldrich, research associate professor in the Department of Grain Sciences and Industry commented, “Creating pet food formulas from concepts, reverse engineering existing pet foods and troubleshooting pet food production and quality control compliance issues using formulation software were additional learning outcomes of the training.� More of the topics covered included understanding ingredients, processes and software necessary to create new products; revising existing formulas; perform business and production analysis; gaining an understanding of the raw ingredients used to produce pet foods, their general composition and processing considerations;

48 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

fundamental principles of companion animal nutrition and dietary needs (specifically dog and cat); learning the processes involved with producing pet foods, the regulatory constraints regarding claims and requirements, and the transportation and storage factors involved with marketing effective foods for companion animals; and studying the range of formulation tools common to the trade.


Investing in your grain care

Symaga Silos In the last few years Symaga made a great effort investing in cutting-edge technology and in human resources. As a result, we are one of industrial silo leaders worldwide, and we are able to offer better full technical service, more global and tailored to each project. We have surpassed 7,000 projects, with more than 28 million of built m³ and presence in more than 140 countries.

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Hyperspectral camera

PRODUCT FOCUS February 2018 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will be saving you time and money in the milling process.

SPECIM IQ is the world’s first mobile hyperspectral camera that allows you to analyse materials samples anywhere, in seconds. With this product, farmers will be able to screen their crops for infestation and see the results immediately, in many cases a week before any problems are visible to the human eye. Hyperspectral imaging, which combines spectroscopy and digital imaging, is the best available measurement technology for demanding measurement applications. By enabling spectral analysis down to pixel level provides unprecedented capabilities for analysing the physical and chemical make-up of both large and small samples.

www.specim.fi

3DLevelScanner

Agri Disc Hubs

BinMaster have released their new firmware for the 3DLevelScanner acoustic sensor. This means that operations burdened with managing inventory in pie-shaped segments of silos now have a solution that provides very accurate volume data. The scanner measures and models the topography of material contained in these wedges. The firmware then applies the measured distances to a 3D model of vessel dimensions and converts it to a highly accurate volume measurement. It maps the material surface accounting for variations then factors in the radius and height of the segment being measured, making the volume accuracy very precise.

NSK’s Agri Disc Hubs are filled with special, high performance grease that is capable of absorbing high pressure and therefore lasts throughout the useful life of a bearing. Any need for subsequent lubrication, as required when using standard rolling bearings, is eliminated. This saves both time and grease and preserves the environment as no grease can leak from the bearing unit. All bearing fixing points are designed to be extra large in size and equipped with replaceable wear bushings, while screwed attachment points enable easy replacement. On the machine arm side, bearings are equipped with two cassette seals placed next to each other, offering a total of eight sealing lips.

www.binmaster.com

www.nsk.com

Bonfiglioli 600WT series

Quick design GHS/CLP labels

Drive specialist Bonfigliolo are expanding their range of wheel drive with the introduction of the new 600WT drive series, they integrate a new axial piston motor especially designed for agricultural equipment. The 606WT wheel drive combines mechanical systems with a new integrated 68 cc/rev swashplate motor. This drive unit is suggested for agricultural machinery having closed loop circuits such as self-propelled sprayers. It provides an output torque of up to 17.000 Nm, and integrates the Th68 axial piston motor designed for continuous pressure of 450 bar, a maximum volumetric flow rate of 160 l/min and it is capable of zero displacement.

Brady Corporation now offer an app to easily design and print GHS/CLP labels using predefined chemical descriptions, symbols and signal words. The app enables users to select chemicals by name or CASnumber, and then it automatically populates all required fields to create a compliant GHS/CLP label. The required fields include the product name, a signal word, CLP pictograms, hazard statements and precautionary statements. Hitting ‘print’ can send the design to a Brady label printer in order to create a compliant, self-adhesive CLP label that is ready to be applied.

www.bonfiglioli.com 50 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

www.brady.co.uk


FOCUS

SPECIAL FOCUS Recurring grinder breakdowns caused by raw ingredient overload are eliminated following the installation of an ABB drive. Regular stoppages of a grinder used in the production of animal feed have been eliminated with the installation of an ABB variable speed drive (VSD) to control the input of ingredients. The VSD regulates the speed of a screw conveyor to ensure the grinding mill is not overloaded with raw material. The system has also increased the amount of soft ingredients the grinder is able to process, improving productivity. Burniston Mill in Scarborough, UK produces animal feed by grinding grains such as wheat and barley. These are then pelletised to form the finished product. The original installation employed a vibrating table that fed the grain into the grinding mill. However, because of its age the table was unreliable and often over-fed the mill. The motor had to work harder, resulting in current overloads that tripped the motor and stopped production. This was happening every two weeks on average. On each occasion the grain had to be dug out by hand, stopping production for at least an hour each time. Steve Barker, mill manager at Burniston Mill, asked electrical systems specialist MP Electric to provide an alternative method for feeding the grinder. Working with ABB authorised value provider Halcyon Drives, a solution was developed using a 2.2 kW ABB machinery drive to control the speed of the motor driving a screw conveyor. The new system monitors the current drawn by the

Variable speed drive grinding mill motor and adjusts the speed of the screw conveyor to ensure the mill motor is not overloaded. Control is achieved by using a current transformer on one of the phase conductors of the grinder motor supply cable. Transformed into a 4-20 mA signal, this is fed into the analogue input of the VSD controlling the screw conveyor. The speed of the conveyor is ramped up or down in inverse proportion to the current being drawn by the grinder motor – the harder the grinder works, the lower the feed rate of the conveyor, and the less hard it works, the higher the feed rate. This ensures that hard grains are not fed into the grinder too quickly, whereas soft grains can be fed in at a higher rate. This has improved productivity by increasing the amount of soft Ingredients the process is able to handle in any given time period. Ian Robinson, director of MP Electric, commented, “Burniston Mill is now making better use of its capacity, as the grinder is not idling at a low speed when grinding soft products.� ABB (ABBN: SIX Swiss Ex) is a pioneering technology leader in electrification products, robotics and motion, industrial automation and power grids, serving customers in utilities, industry and transport & infrastructure globally. Continuing more than a 125-year history of innovation, ABB today is writing the future of industrial digitalisation and driving the Energy and Fourth Industrial Revolutions. ABB operates in more than 100 countries with about 136,000 employees.

www.abb.com Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 51

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The positive effects of drying pasta in high temperatures

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by Luciano Mondardini, R&D Director, Pavan, Italy

he positive effect of high temperatures on the drying of pasta is a fact that can no longer be questioned. Its use has improved the cooking quality and appearance of pasta made from soft wheat. The mechanism, or at least the main mechanism, by which cooking quality has improved in soft wheat pasta is essentially due to the transformation that occurs in the protein chains when they are exposed to temperatures that enable coagulation. It is known that the protein chains of soft wheat gluten in comparison to durum, are longer in length and behave less tenaciously when subjected to stress. This is supposedly due to a different tendency to be distributed in space and to form hydrogen bridges or in smaller quantity or with less potential. This generates a weaker glutinous network, less able to keep the starch wrapped when it, due to the effect of cooking in water pasta, swells and gelatinises. The high temperature treatment, made in a phase where the protein chains still have enough water to be in their maximum development of hydrogen bonds, blocks this network with coagulation allowing it to make the most of its binding capacity. In addition, it has been observed that in soft wheat the quality of pasta made with high-temperature technology relates more closely to total protein content than gluten content. It is as if the albums and globulins that do not form part of the glutinic complex, submitted to the rapid coagulation process in the initial drying phases, could make a significant contribution to the glutinic complex in the formation of a containment net.

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Tests conducted at the Italian Cereal Institute

Here is an example of a report, drawn from the tests conducted at the Italian Cereal Institute in Rome for a quality provision of spaghetti pasta: OJ= Overall Judgement values between 20 (very bad quality) and 100 (excellent quality) TOM= Total Organic Material Organic material that is lost on the surface of a spaghetti, values from 1.4 (very good) to above 2.8 (very bad). As we can see, the correlation found in the high temperature dryness is only related to the percent of proteins and not to gluten quality.

Low temperature OJ =

13.29 + 2.42 * % protein + 1.57 * gluten quality manual method OJ = 24.61 + 1.94 * % protein content + 0.03 * W (Chopin alveograph W value) TOM = 2.94 - 0.055 * % protein content - 0.058 * gluten quality manual method TOM = 2.51 - 0.031 * % protein - 0.001 * W (W value of the Chopin alveograph)

High temperature

OJ = 40.50 + 2.04 * % protein content TOM = 2.08 - 0.065 * % protein content * re-elaborated from: - D’Egidio M.G., Mariani B.M., Novaro P. 1993. Influence of raw material characteristics and drying technologies on pasta cooking quality: a review of our results. Italian Food & Beverage Technology. 1, 29-32. - D’Egidio M.G. 1997. Influenza della materia prima sulla qualità della pasta. Molini d’Italia. 12, 15-18.


F It is therefore very important to consider the quantity of total proteins, rather than the quality of gluten. The practical application of these observations basically implies being able to achieve, within the shortest possible time, the peak temperature; furthermore, the higher the temperature, the more effective the treatment will be. For this reason, in the Pavan lines the initial drying areas have a high thermal capacity and a large volume of air circulation. Of course there are limits to this application, beyond the problem of not creating overly strong surface drying (case hardening) there is the problem of avoiding gelatinisation of starch from the surface of the paste. For this reason, in the case of long pasta where the predrying conditions must be maintained with relatively high humidity, compared with what can be done in short pasta drying: it is very critical to be able to control the temperature, making sure it does not rise above 80°C before the pasta falls below 20 percent moisture content. This is exactly what we are trying to do in our long pasta lines, which are designed, also in the pre-drying process, with the TAS method, with highly ventilated areas and resting areas. This system allows us, without the risk of over-drying the product, to raise the temperature of the pasta more quickly than in other types of pre-drying plants where the pasta is always ventilated. Under continuous ventilation, the surface part has a tendency to continuously lose water and to ‘overdry’, therefore a minimal amount of heat can be supplied from the outside and, therefore, internal heat transfer proceeds more slowly.

SILO CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 53


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With the TAS method, the strong heat transferred by the movement of air raises the outside temperature, which begins to transfer heat to the inside of the pasta. When it reaches the unventilated area, the heat is transferred internally while water can migrate to the surface, preventing the pasta from drying out only superficially. This is why we are able to reach under 20 percent moisture content of the pasta in a shorter time frame and then rise above 80°C, optimising the effect of the very high temperature. It is evident that very high temperature also means very high relative humidity. For this reason it is absolutely necessary to create an area, in our case the final part of the predrying tunnel, where, when the paste reaches the maximum temperature, it is easy to have an environment with a high amount of water in the air in order to manage the required level of relative humidity. The mechanical conception of this area, with the Separation Unit immediately after the tunnel, creating a plug to the internal air flow to the line and, on the other hand, the injection of air at the beginning, leads to a concentration in this area of all the necessary humidity. Obviously, once the temperature peak has been reached, it is necessary to try to maintain a high temperature to maximise the effect, at least until the paste has enough humidity to avoid Maillard’s reaction. In Pavan Group’s drying system, where the 54 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

treatment floors are separated and there are several temperature controls on each floor, it is possible to continue with temperatures above 90°C for more than half an hour after pre-drying. In these high temperature conditions the water mobility inside the paste is the maximum attainable, which allows it to reach a stable condition more easily and quickly. The concept of drying with TAS technology is also important in the final drying section. The possibility of modulating the amount of heat, which is essential to keep the water moving, allowing time to rebalance the humidity, is extremely important. The constant technological evolution pursued by Pavan Group has led to further optimisation of the TAS drying process with a new production technology called Multidrive. This solution uses the very high air temperature (above 100°C) at the beginning of each drying phase. Multidrive technology is based on a continuous control of thermos-hygrometric conditions, by the application of a very high gradient of temperature increase and decrease rates, an optimised exhaust air extraction and a Multiple Pulse Ventilation system. The result is an evolution of the well-known Pavan Thermo Active System technology: this long established product is excellent in terms of stability, structural strength and cooking quality. Furthermore, Multidrive allows for the control of colour change due to the Maillard reaction.


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The rise of Russian wheat production:

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What are the factors behind country turning from the largest grain importer into #1 wheat exporter? by Andrey Sizov, Director, SovEcon ow Russia expanded its wheat production from 27 mmt to 86 mmt in 20 years. At the end of 2017 Russian state statistical agency Rosstat has published official 2017 wheat crop results. The country has harvested 85.8 mmt of wheat, which is a new all-time record. The previous maximum was set not a long time ago, in 2016 when the country produced 73.3 mmt. Only 20 years ago the country produced 27 mmt, more than three times lower.

What has happened in those years that boosted the production?

One of the key fundamental drivers is the collapse of the Soviet Union and highly inefficient planned economy. The farmers became entrepreneurs and received the freedom to produce what they want and to sell it to any buyer at any price contrary to fixed prices and volumes in the Soviet times. Land reform, which started in early 2000s, led to appearance of new institutions of land long-term lease and land ownership. The farmers believed that what they were producing belonged to them and received intensive to improve their business and invest in better agritechnologies and infrastructure. Thanks to foreign trade liberalisation the farmers have received the access to huge world market.

Chart 1 Wheat Production in 1980-2017, mmt Source: Rosstat

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Contrary to many other economic sectors (i.e. oil & gas) the state didn’t actively participated in the agriculture. They just set quite reasonable rules and let the sector grow with very limited additional support and subsidies. Russian crops sector also has been a big beneficiary of the global warming. In Russia where annual temperatures are increasing faster than average world ones it led to milder winters and expansion of area under higher yielding winter wheat. Since 2016 Russia is sowing more winter wheat than spring wheat. 20 years ago the spring wheat acreage was exceeding winter wheat one by 80-100 percent. Long period of high world grain prices in 2006-2012 also helped sector to prosper and develop. In 2012/13 - 15/16 seasons world prices were rapidly declining to find a bottom in 2016/17, which hurt wheat farmers badly around the world. However thanks to rapid devaluation of ruble in 2014 this trend had a relatively muted effect on Russian farmers.

Transformation from the largest world wheat importer into #1 exporter

In the 1980s the USSR was the largest grain and wheat importer (Soviet Russia was the largest consumer but it’s hard to separate its imports from other member of the Union). In 1985 the country imported 46 mmt of grain including 21 mmt of wheat. With rapid expansion of production post-Soviet Russia became a #1 world exporter. The domestic food consumption is relatively stable, feed one is growing but at the slower pace. As a result in

Chart 2 Russia wheat exports and imports in 1980-2017, mmt (1985-1991 USSR) Source: Rosstat, SovEcon


F However, in the recent years state pressure has been increasing. In 2007/08 the government introduced a temporary grain export tax, in 2010/11 all grain exports were fully banned during almost whole season, in 2014/15 there were several semi-official export restrictions introduced. In 2015/6 the government introduced a new floating wheat export tax. Later it was set to zero but it still exists which allows the state to quickly limit exports for any reason. Argentinian scenario when export taxes on agricultural commodities were used to allegedly control food inflations and to increase budget revenues remains an option. (The system existed in Argentina for decades and president Macri eliminated taxes only in 2015). Additionally, the competitiveness of Russian wheat may gradually decline compared to other regions. Ruble related costs (ie labor), which fell sharply in dollar terms in 2014 after the devaluation are gradually coming up. In addition the government is currently considering the possibility to increase sharply import taxes on agrochemicals, which will negatively affect farmers’ bottom line. The costs of running business, dealing with officials, getting all permits and certificates are also creeping up. Warmer weather which is helping yields currently may lead to more frequent droughts in the future, first of all in Russian South, currently the major wheat producer and exporter. A long-term threat is an existing ban of GM crops production in Russia. I believe that sooner or later the world will have to accept transgenic wheat, maybe under a new name. I wonder how the country producing strictly non-biotech crops could compete with the rest of the world under such a scenario. Andrey Sizov, Director of SovEcon, Moscow based consultancy focused on agricultural markets and managing editor of The Sizov Report on the Black Sea grain markets http://promo. sovecon.ru/tsr.

2017/18 the country is expected to exports as much as 35 mmt by USDA. Our latest forecast is even higher – 36 mmt and it looks like we will have to revise it up again shortly. Supply of wheat is ample, domestic prices are stagnating, warm weather helps to ship grain from shallow Azov sea which typically freezes much earlier than in the current season. With a total supply of 99 mmt of wheat, which includes not only 2017 record crop but also high stocks from the previous season the country in the current season potentially could export significantly more – 45 mmt or event 50 mmt. Actual exports are likely to be lower because of lack of export terminal capacity, which is the major bottleneck for the current export campaign. However we believe that medium term we see a lot of investments coming into grain exports infrastructure. This season when terminal owners are likely to make a fortune will definitely encourage investors to pour more money into the sector. The key barrier on a way of Russian wheat to the world market is likely to be lifted.

Will Russia continue to increase its wheat exports?

Does this imply that Russia continue to expand its presence in the world wheat market? Probably, yes. Short term it’s quite likely. The country will continue to dominate in its key markets: Egypt and Middle East expand its presence in Asia and the rest of Africa. Sooner or later Russian wheat is likely to appear in Algeria, #3 wheat world importer. However the growth of wheat exports may not be as fast as we saw in the previous years or even may stop altogether under a negative scenario. Fortunately to crops industry for a long the state didn’t pay much attention to it, the export regulation was mostly minimal.

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Innovation in processing cocoa by CocoaTown LLC, USA

or years, farmers have sold cocoa as a commodity, with the price they earn for their crops set by distant powers. Cocoa farmers had no control over their profits and no means to substantially grow their income. But in 2007, a few chocolate makers in America changed this forever. They saw the potential of cocoa as a superfood – a quality barely recognisable in chocolate bars, full of sugar and with a negligible quantity of cocoa mass. These chocolate makers transformed the image of a chocolate bar into something austere but delicious – just cocoa beans and sugar (35% or less of the total weight compared to 80% in mass

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produced chocolate), with no additives or chemicals. They had the knowledge to make chocolate but had to “MacGyver” existing equipment to suit their needs (a reference to the 1980s TV show). More chocolate makers wanted to follow in their footsteps, but were not able to make the necessary modifications to off the shelf equipment. CocoaTown was founded in 2008 to provide chocolate makers with the resources and equipment needed for the different steps of chocolate production. Innovation and continuous research have helped CocoaTown to provide a complete, off-the-shelf solution to chocolate makers, with the equipment and education to go all the way from cocoa bean to chocolate bar (“bean-to-bar”, as it is commonly called). CocoaTown now has three different equipment lines – one for exploring and experimenting with new flavours or techniques, one for exhibiting and showcasing the chocolate making process, and one for expanding and growing their business to commercial capacity. The complete Explorer line costs only US$4,000 (F.O.B. Atlanta) and includes a Roaster, Cooling Tray, Cracker, Winnower, mini Pregrinder, and Melanger with all the accessories, so now farmers and small business owners in more than 100 countries can affordably make their own chocolate. There is a saying that coffee farmers in many parts of the world have never tasted their own


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into chocolate coffee farmers in many parts of the world have never tasted their own coffee because of the cost involved in processing the beans into coffee for drinking. Similarly, in the past cocoa farmers could not afford to buy chocolate because the final, finished product was much more expensive than the cocoa beans they produced – chocolate manufacturers were able to

capture all the additional value from processing. CocoaTown has shifted the paradigm by enabling cocoa farmers to make their own chocolate and capture some of this value. Even if farmers do not want to vertically integrate and move up the supply chain, having access to chocolate making machinery helps them understand why the proper fermentation and drying techniques are important to increase the quality, and therefore the selling price of their beans. The commodity price for most cocoa beans is around US$1 per kilogram, whereas chocolate makers would pay up to US$3 per kg for quality cocoa beans. This means that farmers could triple their income by improving the quality of their harvest. If cocoa farmers want to become entrepreneurs (or “chocopreneurs”), they could process their cocoa beans into chocolate and earn US$50-$100 per kg of chocolate (depending on geographical location and other factors). Chocolate-making exponentially increases a farmer’s income and can help the whole community by providing employment opportunities in support activities. Innovation has always been the mantra for CocoaTown, the company has collaborated with universities and has published papers on various aspects of chocolate making. CocoaTown equipment has patents or patent pending. So far chocolate makers have been using machinery from other industries for using with cocoa beans. For example they use barley crackers for cracking cocoa beans. The problem was that the beans broke into smaller pieces (called nibs) that were hard to winnow. Also they had to replace the metal rollers in the crackers often as the tough shell of the cocoa bean damaged them. Some chocolate makers used Champion juicers and had a similar problem that the nibs were too small or the husk was too big to winnow.

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 59


F They were also using rice winnowers to separate the husk from the nibs. In rice, the weight of the grain and the husk is significantly different, so it was easy to separate the two in the rice winnower. But in cracked cocoa beans, the nibs and husk pieces had very little difference in the weight making it harder to separate them. Too much husk ended with the nibs reducing the quality of the chocolate. Too many nibs in the husk wasted the money. Chocolate makers had to pass the nibs several times through the winnower to get better output. Also they had employed people to handpick the husk from the nibs – making the process more expensive. The winnowers are also open systems – the dust can fly off and land on surrounding areas. This resulted in possible contamination of the chocolate with husk dust that might have pathogens on them. So the winnowers had to be used in a separate area from the grinding area. The combination of CocoaT Crackers (manual/power) +CocoaTown winnowers (CocoaT tabletop winnowers/ InnoWinno commercial winnowers) have the following advantages: • Crackers break the beans into bigger pieces making winnowing easier. • They last longer and also peel the skin away from the nibs for better separation – meaning high quality nibs and less wastage. • Closed system winnower – no dust, no mess and no need to clean the surrounding area. • The separation is done in a single pass – no need to winnow the nibs multiple times. • Compact – meaning it saves on real estate cost.

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Restoring biodiversity Restoring biodiversity in crops and encouraging a shift from intensive agriculture practices in the United Kingdom by Fisher German, United Kingdom

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F "Britain has had a cheap food policy since the war, but the time has come to reevaluate our priorities. Pressure on prices has forced farmers to sacrifice ecological protection in the name of productivity. Government subsidies, while designed to encourage sustainable farming, have unfortunately failed to deliver tangible benefits to wildlife. With this in mind, Fisher German, a leading rural consultancy, takes a look at how the role of the farmer is and needs to change in order to restore biodiversity in crops, and encourage a shift from current intensive agricultural practices"

the rotation of a minimum number of different crops (Crop Diversification), and the creation of Ecological Focus Areas. In addition, Pillar 2 grants support the UK’ Countryside Stewardship scheme, aimed at maintaining areas of existing high biodiversity, such as limestone grassland or neutral meadows, or specific bird breeding habitats. The BPS under which farmers are paid regardless of what they produce, providing the land is maintained as farmland, has failed to deliver, because it offers no incentive to engage in ecological protection. Indeed, ‘non-qualifying’ features, wildlife-rich habitats such as ponds, wetlands and wide hedgerows, are actually deducted from the area for which farmers can receive payment, thus encouraging their destruction.

ndividual trailblazers are creating new models of sustainable farming, but a complete overhaul of the subsidy system is needed to ensure that all farmers are required to deliver environmental services. Brexit – while a threat to the protections enshrined in EU law – provides an opportunity to reset the balance, ensuring that British farmers are valued for their stewardship of the environment as much as for the food they produce. Current ‘sustainable farming’ subsidies, under Pillar 1 of EU structures, consist of the Basic Payment Scheme (BPS) and Greening obligations. Under the BPS, farmers are paid a fixed flat rate per hectare, which varies between lowland, upland or moorland. The Greening obligations, required for further payment, include

With respect to Greening, the rules for Crop Diversification contain many loopholes, while the Ecological Focus Area (EFAs) obligation is poorly specified; it does not enforce improvement, but allows farmers to claim for already existing ecological features, while catch-and-cover crop obligations have failed to improve biodiversity due to narrow restrictions on the species permitted and the duration that they are grown for. Ironically, frustration with the present system, in which even high inputs and production levels do not enable farmers to compete with cheap food from abroad, is driving innovation. It has encouraged a growing minority of farmers to experiment with more traditional systems, producing higher quality food that commands a premium in the market and simultaneously achieving a multitude of ecological benefits.

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F Trial and error

One farm has been trialling with using grass and herbal leys utilising a rotational approach which gives nature the opportunity to restore soil health and faunal diversity between crop yields. In 2011 an 11-hectare field, which had been in continuous arable cropping for over 30 years, was drilled with grass seed and white clover and left for five years, untouched save for grazing sheep and cows. In 2015 the grass was removed and winter oilseed rape and winter wheat were direct drilled into the field. The direct drilling method precludes the need to cultivate the soil for seven years, and so the field is currently acting as a carbon sequestration facility. According to the farmer’s data, soil carbon has increased from 1.4 percent in 2011 to 2.6 percent in 2015; the earthworm population and the structural quality of the soil improved. This in turn provides the foundation for stable crop yields, improving commercial revenue. On the farm’s other fields, the cropping programme has moved away from narrow, two crop rotations of wheat and rape to rotations of eight -10 diverse crops, including spring crops, linseed and catch-and-cover crops which act as green ploughs and cultivators. A suckler herd and sheep flocks now graze the rotational grass leys; and close to 20,000 extra trees have been planted, the area under which will be used for free-range chickens. The farm has implemented a monitoring programme to record achievements and failures, including annual soil tests and a bird survey to audit the farmland birds.

population of wet grassland birds, such as the Curlew. Farmers are already discussing their achievements, and even competing for the best result. To restore biodiversity and encourage a shift away from intensive farming methods, government subsidies need to be refocused along similar lines.

A new eco-partnership

The grass leys have meant that soil is now in good enough condition to allow direct drilling for the foreseeable future. This has resulted in a 65-70 percent saving on establishment costs and reduced CO2 emissions previously caused by in field cultivations prior to drilling. The longer crop rotation has helped to improve the soil health, so that herbicide sprays across the farm have been reduced by 10 – 15 percent as the ground becomes cleaner. Other estates are experimenting with various forms of ‘rewilding’, allowing natural re-diversification and enhanced profitability; whilst groups such as the Pasture-Fed Livestock Association (PFLA) are working to encourage the restoration of species-rich grasslands, and also producing higher value meat at lower cost.

Any new scheme will need to be more helpful both for farmers and for the environment. It seems highly likely that the declines of many species, and the catastrophic overall reduction in invertebrate populations, must be ascribed to changes in the chemical – and not just agro-chemical – environment; its scale is such that it cannot be due to habitat loss. It will not be possible to restore biodiversity without addressing methods of production in the area of intensive farming. To do this, it seems clear that much of the BPS funding, (around E25. one billion over 2014-2020), could with advantage be re-directed towards CSS type schemes (Pillar II grants (E2.6 billion 20142020) which help to create and restore more biodiversity over a much wider area, as well as farm innovation. It is not simply a matter of numbers, though. The administration of grants needs to be made simpler and cheaper, and targets need to be more integrated across landscapes. Regulatory focus in UK, unlike most of Europe, has tended to home in on details of individual fields, at the expense of a more comprehensive overview of the potential for reconnecting land and restoring soils and isolated or lost features across larger areas.

The Brexit effect

Many other considerations

Looking after the future

While it is widely understood that British environmental policy will initially be identical to EU legislation, the current farm subsidies are only guaranteed until 2022. Speculation suggests that, once farming subsidies are paid directly from the Treasury and not through the EU, the public may increasingly demand quantifiable tax-payer benefits in return for subsidy payments. The recent indication from Mr Gove that farmers are likely to be paid by results – whether increases in the 'natural capital’ of the soil and water or better delivery of biodiversity across the countryside – certainly suggests that change is on the way. 40 years ago, the respected Professor of Agriculture Gerald Wibberley was fond of saying that farmers will always respond to ‘price signals’, growing whatever society pays them to. This concept could form the basis of a new contract between farmers and their communities. An EU-funded pilot scheme in Wensleydale, for example, awards farmers with grants, dependent on the biodiversity they can produce in the dale’s hay meadows, including re-establishing meadow flora and increasing the 64 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

DEFRA’s focus on individual fields should be urgently replaced with discussions between groups of landowners (inhibited by present confidentiality rules) about implementing low-input systems and restoring connected habitat systems across a suite of adjoining farms. These groupings should reflect soils, geology and drainage, and semi-natural vegetation patterns. The countryside is one comprehensive unit, not just individual plots of farmland, and grants and cross-compliance checks should be designed accordingly. As the ‘Making Space for Nature’ report of 2010, led by ecologist Professor Sir John Lawton, stressed, biodiverse areas need to be bigger, better, and better-connected. These concerns must feed into the promised overhaul of the system, to ensure that each and every farmer is required to deliver environmental services. These could include carbon sequestration, the storage of floodwater to prevent it flooding a town, and the conservation of biodiverse wildlife habitats. In short, DEFRA should change its philosophy from control to enabling.


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BREEDING DIVERSITY INTO THE FUTURE OF AQUACULTURE

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Peter Bickerton, Scientific Communications & Outreach Manager, Earlham Institute

quaculture is expanding, especially in areas of sub-Saharan Africa that are home to stunning native biodiversity. How can research in genomics help us to increase socioeconomic output while protecting local ecosystems? The livelihood of a staggering eight percent of the world’s population relies on fish, a resource that we have overexploited in the seas so much so that many fish stocks are expected to collapse entirely in the not-so-distant future. This situation is as unsustainable for the oceans as it is for people (the average person worldwide now consumes over 20kg of fish per year), with entire ecosystems and a way of life for hundreds of millions under threat from overfishing. However, fish is a nutritious and protein-rich food source with many clear health benefits, not to mention the positive socio-economic impact for millions of people worldwide. Thus, fish farming is becoming more and more widespread, not just on the coast but inland, too. However, with the drive towards aquaculture accelerating throughout sub-Saharan Africa, it is important that we ensure best practice and environmental sustainability long before the damage is done. What has spelt ruin for our oceans cannot happen in our freshwater systems, too. On the one hand, it is important that we produce fish requiring sustainable levels of feed, giving a positive growth ratio and economic benefit. At the same time, we must ensure that breeding programs are well managed, and that we ensure our freshwater ecosystems are not threatened by non-native, invasive species. The African Great Lakes and river systems are a great example of some of the scientific and conservation efforts that are underway, which aim to increase the output and efficiency of aquaculture, while preserving some of the exquisite biodiversity already present in the lakes and rivers - especially among native fish. There is also a great deal that we can add to scientific knowledge in the process.

Genomics for a more resilient food system

As with medicine, the same stands for our ecosystems: prevention is better than the cure. Alas, along with the clear benefits of large scale farming, including greater productivity, better yields and reduced global malnutrition, we are also witnessing tremendous problems when it comes to the environment. Vast monocultures of crops leave little room for wildlife, other than the pests that we manage with insecticides, herbicides and fungicides, which reduce the loss of valuable food but also mean that wild insect numbers are on the decline, if not plummeting. Our landscapes have been so manipulated by agriculture that formerly native ecosystems resemble nothing of the sort. Only now are we starting to appreciate what biodiversity brings us, not just in terms of maintaining a savoury environment, which our children and grandchildren might inherit, but also as a vital lifeline for the very crops that we require to feed a throbbing global population. 10,000 years or more of selective breeding has taken us an incredibly long way from humble beginnings. Wild grasses have been transformed into grain-laden crop plants that provide enough calories to support billions 66 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


F of people, with wheat, rice and maize providing most of the essential carbohydrates that vast tracts of the global population rely on. However, our modern farming systems, equipped with fertilisers, machinery, and high yielding crops, are also subject to huge losses due to increasingly unpredictable climate changes, as well as the spread of diseases and pests throughout the globe. Selective breeding has taken us so far, but now, with the advent of modern genomics, we are able to understand what is going on in our food crops at the genetic level, which allows us to increase yields while also appreciating the diversity within the wild plants that grow around them. We now have the capacity to sequence almost any genome on earth. Getting down to the basic code at the heart of life as we know it, we can identify the sections of DNA that give us greater yields, resistance to disease and more. With marker assisted breeding, we can better ensure that these positive traits are carried through, without missing out or losing other vital pieces of the jigsaw. For thousands of years we have been almost blindly mixing up the genetic pack, meaning that we have lost some of the natural defences that our crops had against diseases and pests, such that monocultures are left prone and vulnerable. However, for every potato plant prone to blight, there is a wild relative of the nightshade family that has the proper defences for it. For every wheat plant that may succumb to yellow rust, there is a wild grass that can naturally nip infection in the bud. What is important, especially for aquaculture, is that we can learn from the mistakes we have made in the past. By applying modern genomic methods to aquaculture, we can help fish farmers increase yields and efficiency, while taking measures to prevent environmental damage and better conserve precious ecosystems.

Sustainable development: Applying genomics to aquaculture

One such promising area to begin is in sub-Saharan Africa, where the population is increasing faster than any other region on earth and must find ways to adapt the food supply to ensure people are well fed and nourished. Already, the African continent is home to many of the world’s most malnourished countries, therefore if we are to achieve global eradication of hunger, this is the most vital of regions to target; a region where aquaculture is becoming more and more prevalent. A particularly fascinating region to focus on is Tanzania, both socio-economically and scientifically. Within its borders, Tanzania hosts the great Rift Valley lakes of Malawi, Tanganyika and Victoria, which contain around a quarter of all of the freshwater on earth, as well as one tenth of all of the world’s fish species. Among these species are the cichlids, an incredibly diverse family of fish that boast a vast range of shapes and forms and fill a variety of niches throughout Africa, South America, Madagascar and South Asia. Why this is more interesting in terms of aquaculture is that tilapia is a type of cichlid fish farmed in at least 75 nations worldwide - a practice which is booming in Asia and increasing rapidly in countries such as Tanzania. The main species of tilapia farmed globally is the Nile tilapia,

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F a fish native to Africa, which offers great benefits to African aquaculture but also carries threats to native ecosystems. Like any species, when taken out of its natural environment the Nile tilapia can easily become invasive, which presents a threat to the staggeringly diverse populations of native fish in the African great lakes and river systems, which boast over a thousand species of cichlids between them. These fish are of incredible interest to science, not only because there are so many of them, but because of their uniquely adaptable nature. Cichlid fish have an inherent knack of rapidly (evolutionarily speaking) filling various habitats and separating into a vast array of different forms, in a process known as adaptive radiation. What is most special about this is that the process seems to occur in parallel in different lakes, such that cichlid fish in lake Malawi might adopt an almost identical body form to a fish in lake Victoria, or even a fish in a lake in South America, in response to similar environmental challenges. These adaptations can take the form of feeding behaviours, or even in tolerance to different environments, such as the soda cichlids, which thrive in intensely brackish water. Through studying how these fish are able to adapt so readily, and quickly, to a range of environments provides an almost unique opportunity for scientists to discover many of the secrets of genomics. This is where researchers, including Tarang Mehta of the Di Palma and Haerty Group at Earlham Institute, UK, along with Antonia Ford of the University of Roehampton (previously at Bangor University, along with George Turner) and international organisations such as WorldFish, have highlighted a great opportunity to help drive forward the sustainable development of aquaculture. By applying the concepts of modern genomics, such

as we have with crops, we can help to inform and improve fish breeding programmes, while preventing the mixing of different fish species, and thus reducing the impact of non-native species. The introduction of widely cultivated, exotic tilapia species, for example, might not actually be what is best in certain regions, where local fish varieties are better suited to the conditions. By using modern genomics techniques, including next generation genome sequencing, we can research the factors that help local fish adapt and thrive better in local ecosystems, and use this information to find similarities in more widely cultivated species. In this way, desirable traits can be breeded in, created viable hybrid species that are highly adapted to different ecosystems with rapid growth rates, much akin to the Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT) strain created by WorldFish. Genomic techniques can also be applied to study and confirm species identity of wild populations of fish (in some cases, where exotic species have escaped), which can help us to identify areas in which to focus our conservation efforts. It would be a tremendous shame to lose the diversity of cichlids found in the African Great Lakes and rivers due to the introduction of exotic species such as the Nile tilapia, not only for local diversity but also for the advancement of aquaculture itself. The information locked inside the multiple, rich, diverse forms of cichlids in the Rift lakes and rivers are as valuable to aquaculture as the study of wild grasses is to farming wheat. By better understanding how cichlids can adapt to a huge range of environments, we can breed tilapia that can withstand a swathe of environmental conditions, and produce fish that use less feed, grow rapidly, produce less waste, and can increase the socio-economic value of aquaculture in one of the world’s most impoverished regions.

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Antibiotics in chicken feed spark food safety concerns

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by Gro Intelligence, New York, USA

or decades, chicken farmers added antibiotics to their flocks’ feed to treat infections, promote growth, and/or improve feed use efficiency. But the industry increasingly discovered that the indiscriminate application of antibiotics in poultry can have life-threatening human consequences. Since 2010, fears of bacteria with antibiotic resistance have elicited a wave of regulation and industry changes. (Chart 1: Rising antibiotic use in food animals). The 1940 discovery that small doses of antibiotics mixed into poultry feed could promote growth in the absence of an infection greatly accelerated the growth of antibiotic usage. It’s not entirely known why this occurs, but scientists believe that gut microorganisms may be siphoning nutrients away from birds during key developmental periods. Antibiotics may also treat latent infections acquired through close proximity and unhygienic living conditions common in industrial poultry production. Because of these benefits, the majority of antibiotic use in livestock feed is administered for growth promotion. Antibiotic supplementation can reduce feed costs for chicken farmers by up to 10 percent. Meat harvested from birds supplemented with antibiotics also contains more protein and less fat. Furthermore, adding both tetracycline and penicillin—

Chart 1

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Chart 2

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two commonly used classes of antibiotics—to feed was shown to improve egg production and hatchability of chicks. While antibiotics have benefited farmers, consumer concern over antibiotic use in their food mounts. (Chart 2: Global feed use). Debate continues over how antibiotic resistant bacterial strains in poultry can impact humans. Consider avoparcin, an antibiotic used in poultry feed but not in the treatment of humans. Avoparcin belongs to the glycopeptide class of drugs used in both animals and humans. If bacteria develop resistant strains to avoparcin, opponents suggest that they might also become resistant to another glycopeptide antibiotic used in humans; vancomycin. The likelihood of cross-resistant bacterial development increases with more frequent antibiotic use. Sepiolite, a common non-

Chart 4

antibiotic feed additive used to reduce abdominal fat percentage in broilers, can even promote this cross-resistance in the digestive tract of birds. A direct link between antibiotic use in animals and human health remains hard to assess as there are many factors that influence the risk. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) asks drug developers to complete a risk assessment before new antibiotics can be used in animal production and in humans. The FDA’s measure does not go far enough for those concerned that antibiotics used in feed will negatively affect humans if not heavily regulated. (Chart 3: US leads the world in chicken production). The Center for Veterinary Medicines of the FDA published a Guidance for Industry manual in 2012 recommending that antibiotics not be used for growth promotion, increased

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ANDRITZ offers a broad ran­ ge of aftermarket services, which includes service, sup­ port and follow­ups, repairs and spare and wear parts. ANDRITZ is a global leading supplier of technologies, sys­ tems and services of advanced industrial equipment for the feeding and fueling feed indu­ stries. We design and manufac­ ture all key process equipment as well as offer complete plant solutions.

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Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 71


F performance, nor for improved feed efficiency. The manual also warns against the use of antibiotics deemed to be of critical importance by the World Health Organization. While the manual is not enforceable by law, these FDA best practices can help guide the poultry industry away from indiscriminate antibiotic use in their flocks. Unrestricted use of easily available antibiotics worldwide further challenges global efforts at reducing the risk of antibiotic resistance. The poultry industry, pressured by increasing consumer demand for antibiotic-free products, may now play a leading role in the implementation of responsible antibiotic use practices. (Chart 4: Global chicken exporters). The tide seems to be turning against antibiotics in chicken with huge industry players publicly enacting strict restrictions on their use. Fast food chain Chick-fil-A declared that they will eliminate all antibiotics in their chicken by 2019. Perdue, America’s fourth largest chicken producer, has banned all human antibiotics and some common non-human antibiotics like ionophores in their supply chain. Pointing to improved feed use efficiency, Sanderson Farms, the third largest poultry producer in the US, continues to defend antibiotic use in poultry hatcheries and feed. “We have decided we’re not going to sacrifice our environmental goals, our animal welfare goals, or our food safety goals for marketing purposes,” Mike Cockrell, chief financial officer of Sanderson Farms, commented to the New York Times. While Sanderson Farms remains behind the pack, consumer promises like Tyson’s “no antibiotics ever” have become more of an industry standard.

Conclusion

As the poultry industry tries to find a consensus on what

Chart 5

constitutes responsible antibiotic use, the pork and beef industries remain well behind it. A chicken’s life cycle is much shorter than either a cow’s or a pig’s, presenting fewer opportunities for infection. Vertical integration in the chicken industry allows companies like Perdue and Tyson to dictate quick changes within their massive supply chains. As the global middle class balloons above 3.2 billion, the demand for cheap sources of animal protein brings chicken into focus. Whether through regulation or by public pressure, practices in chicken production will be forced to pose less risk to the health of the human population.

MYCOFI X

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®

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ADSORPTION BIOTRANSFORMATION BIOPROTECTION *Authorized by EU Regulation 1060/2013.

mycofix.biomin.net Naturally ahead

72 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


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How the animal food manufacturing industry keeps America’s livestock fed

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by The Institue For Feed Education & Research, Virginia, United States

ach day across America, more than 6,200 animal food manufacturing facilities are quietly humming along, producing millions of tons of animal food to provide the right nutritional balance to keep the country’s livestock, poultry and pets happy and healthy. The Institute for Feed Education and Research (IFEEDER) has shared the results of two, first-of-a-kind, yearlong research projects, which quantify the industry’s contribution to the national, state and local economies. It also provides a comprehensive analysis of the ingredients used in the top livestock, poultry and aquaculture diets. Paul Phillips, IFEEDER’s 2017-18 chairman of the Board of Trustees commented, “For the past few decades, the animal food industry has spoken about the value and service it provides to its customers in producing some of the safest, highest quality animal food on the planet. Now, we have the data to prove to our nation’s leaders that this industry is an integral part of the agricultural economy, providing hundreds of thousands of jobs and generating billions of dollars in taxes and revenue to support local and state communities.”

First ever economic analysis of US feed and pet food manufacturing industry

IFEEDER commissioned Decision Innovation Solutions (DIS), an economic research and analysis firm, in early 2017 to conduct a first-ever economic analysis of the US animal feed and pet food manufacturing industry. The recently completed study found that in 2016, the US animal food manufacturing industry contributed US$297.1 billion in total US sales, including roughly US$102 billion in value-added contributions; over US$22.5 billion in local, state and national taxes; and over 944,000 jobs. According to the report, five states including Missouri, California, Texas, Pennsylvania and Iowa, topped all economic measures by contributing a combined roughly 337,000 jobs, US$105.2 billion in total sales and US$8.3 billion in local, state and national taxes. Several congressional districts (KS-2, IA4, IA-2, KS-1 and NE-3) located in the Midwest or plains states, where a majority of livestock and poultry are raised, also rose to the top, providing a combined nearly 98,000 jobs, roughly US$32.7 billion in total sales and US$2.1 billion in taxes to the economy. The DIS report listed a number of factors that play a role in the animal food industry’s ongoing economic output and said the odds are good the industry will adapt and grow stronger. Joel G. Newman, IFEEDER’s president and the American Feed Industry Association’s (AFIA) 74 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


F president and CEO explained, “We hope that this report will illuminate the significant contributions our industry is having on the economy. Our nation’s leaders need to move forward with achieving sensible state and federal regulations so that the animal food manufacturing business can continue to thrive, and with it, US animal agriculture as a whole can thrive.”

Quantifying the amount of food consumed by top nine species throughout their lives

The second part of the DIS research focused on quantifying the amount of food consumed by the top nine livestock, poultry and aquaculture species throughout the various stages of their lives. In years past, AFIA used data from the US Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service on the number of animals processed for food each year and, working backwards, estimated a general diet per animal species to get the total amount of food consumed by livestock and poultry. In 2017, DIS conducted a more comprehensive approach, in which it worked with roughly 25 industry and university subject matter experts to determine the specific diets fed to animals at various stages of their lives and adjusted them for regional dietary differences, due to the availability of ingredients and best management practices. Mr Phillips continued, “The latest animal consumption report provides us with more precise and comprehensive data by species, region and in total about the types of ingredients used in animal diets, giving us a clearer picture about the massive amounts of food consumed by livestock, poultry and aquaculture across the industry. It is clear that the US animal food manufacturing industry is at the critical intersection of plant and animal agriculture.”

Overall results

Overall, DIS found that in 2016, approximately 236.3 million tons of animal food were fed to nine animal species, including: 74.7 million tons to cattle on feed; 56.3 million tons to broilers; and 46.3 million tons to hogs, the top three animal consumers. Iowa, Texas, Nebraska, North Carolina and Minnesota topped the list for the sheer amount of animal food consumed with 21.1 million tons, 17.3 million tons, 15.4 million tons, 12.6 million tons, and 11.3 million tons, respectively. Corn, the most abundantly produced crop in the United States, made up slightly more than half of the total amount of animal food consumed, but when combined with soybean meal and dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGs), represented more than 75 percent of all feed tonnage provided in 2016. DIS also reported on a number of other ingredients that are used in animal diets besides the top commodities. For instance, at least one percent of all tonnage fed to livestock and poultry in 2016 came from: wet distiller’s grains, bakery meal, corn gluten feed, cottonseed meal, wheat midds, grain sorghum, soybean hulls and oats. Mr Newman summarised, “Through continuous improvements and the adoption of new technologies and best practices, our industry is making our animal food products revered as the ‘goldstandard’ around the world. I hope that our nation’s leaders will recognise this and move forward with responsible, science-based policies.” IFEEDER released both reports during the 2018 International Production and Processing Expo, being held this week in Atlanta, Georgia. The reports, along with interactive maps that allow users to search by their states and congressional districts, are available on AFIA’s website under “Economic Contribution” and “Animal Food Consumption.”

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Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 75


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MICRO-INGREDIENTS Accurate and efficient dosing of micro-ingredients

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by Van Aarsen, The Netherlands here is a rapidly increasing demand for tailor-made produced feed. It challenges feed manufacturers to dose an ever increasing number of different ingredients in small quantities. Van Aarsen International, based in The Netherlands, helps to optimise the fine dosing process via the application of specialised Small, Micro, and Precision Ingredient Dosing systems. These systems allow producers to accurately dose a large number of vitamins, minerals, and additives without any loss of quality, speed and production capacity.

Dosing a large range of micro-ingredients

The addition of micro-ingredients in animal feeds demands the highest possible precision in order to realise the desired effect for each animal in each phase of the animals life. Adding too much results in wasting precious ingredients, and adding too little results in suboptimal performance. Many feed manufacturers are faced with the challenge of having to produce formulas with an increasingly diverse range of microingredients, each with their specific properties such as sticky, dusty, aggressive and abrasive. Production capacity can then quickly become a bottleneck, as sequential weighing and dosing of multiple micro-ingredients with traditional systems takes a lot of time. Van Aarsen offers a combination of Small, Micro, and Precision Ingredient Dosing as a solution for achieving optimum accuracy while maintaining production speed in such situations.

Hygienic and accurate dosing technology for precious micro-ingredients

Van Aarsen International supplies specialised dosing systems for feed producers and integrators. The first step in finding an optimum fine dosing solution is to analyse the recipes of the production location in question. Then, Van Aarsen calculates the best combination of dosing 76 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

systems to realise optimum accuracy in combination with the highest possible production speed. The final design proposal is based on an integrated system of individual dosing units, consisting of a combination of micro-dosing (up to 20 or 50 kg) and small dosing (up to 75, 100, or 200 kg), with each dosing system being able to dose eight different ingredients. A precision dosing system (up to 1 kg) can also be integrated into the microdosing unit.


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F Increased speed as a result of simultaneously weighing several ingredients

The combination of several individual dosing units allows producers to simultaneously weigh out several microingredients, thereby speeding up the entire weighing and dosing process. For example, a combination of three dosing units can handle a maximum range of 24 (3 x 8) ingredients and weigh up to three times faster. The dosing systems supplied by Van Aarsen are designed as closed systems in order to prevent any loss or contamination of ingredients. The product cells can be fitted with a stirring device for difficult flowing ingredients. Dosing slides with V-shaped openings allow for very accurate dosing as speed and rate of opening can be adapted to the specific ingredient.

Dosing of micro-ingredients in practice

Below are some common ingredients and additives with their specific properties which are accurately dosed with Van Aarsen’s Small, Micro and Precision Ingredient Dosing Systems. • Compact design allows for easy integration into new and existing production lines • The combination of Small, Micro, and Precision Ingredient • Dosing enables Van Aarsen to integrate three different dosing systems into one production process. This provides users with significant benefits in terms of optimum flexibility, accuracy, and speed. Van Aarsen’s highcapacity dosing system also has a very compact design (1.60 x 1.60 x 2.10 m) and can therefore easily be integrated into new as well as existing production lines.

Table 1 Ingredient

Properties

Dosage

Generally applied

Up to 10%

Whey powder

Precious, sticky

Up to 10%

Lignosulfonate

Precious, dusty, sticky

Up to 2%

Precious, dusty, dangerous

Up to 2%

Precious, agressive

Up to 0,5% Accurate dosing is very important

Precious, aggressive, dusty

Up to 8%

Calcium carbonate

Abrasive

Up to 10%

Mycotoxin binders or converters

Precious

Up to 0,5%

Maize gluten meal

Premixes Medicinal additives (e.g. coccidiostats)

Dry fermented product powder

The vital link to your feed chain

Van Aarsen International is developer, manufacturer and supplier of state-of-the-art machines and complete feed mill solutions for the production of compound feed and premixes. Van Aarsen believes in the quality of animal feed. The better the feed, the better the food on the table. Van Aarsen takes its vital role in the ‘agro-feed’ chain seriously. Its innovative machines and complete feed mill solutions are designed and constructed to boost production capacity and reduce operational costs; with minimum energy consumption and maximum benefit to feed safety and ease of operation. Since 1949. Worldwide. www.aarsen.com

Optimizing ingredient flexibility starts with innovative thinking. C-community AARSEN7003

Precision feed production. Healthy business.

Optimized flexibility, accuracy and efficiency in fine dosing There is a rapidly increasing demand for tailor-made feed. This challenges feed manufacturers and integrators to successfully deal with the dosing of an increasing number of different ingredients in small quantities. Van Aarsen offers a combination of Small, Micro, and Precision Ingredient Dosing Systems as a solution for achieving optimum accuracy for many different and often expensive ingredients. The combination of several individual dosing units allows producers to simultaneously weigh out several micro-ingredients, thereby not only ensuring the required accuracy but also speeding up the entire weighing and dosing process.

www.aarsen.com/machines/dosing-units

2017-10-31, Adv. DOSING_Miling and Grain 190x132mm.indd 1

31-10-17 15:18

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The roles of optical sorters from field to table for Edameme beans

E by Satake, Japan

damame. Young soybean, often still in a pod, is one the most popular appetisers in the Japanese tapas bar, Izakaya. Not only its delicious taste, often flavoured simply with sea salt, and its health benefits, excellent source of protein and other key nutrients, it’s fun to eat, squeeze the beans and pop them into your mouth. Although you don’t eat the pod, its appearance is very important as like any other item you see at the grocery store. Traditionally, discoloured, broken, damaged Edamame pod has been removed by hands at the vegetable processing facilities. However in recent years, Satake’s belt-type optical sorter Beltuza has been utilised in many locations in Japan, meeting the needs of labour shortage. Standard Beltuza is equipped with full color and shape sorting capabilities. User defined defects such as discolored insect damage pods are precisely detected by the hi-res full color cameras. On the other hand, the defects such as broken pods are detected by the accurate shape recognition function. This function also meets the demand of some customer who don’t want single bean pod in their products. Detachable body parts along with long lasting LED’s makes maintenance worry-free. Its unique automatic sensitivity setting function, named Satake Smart Sensitivity, makes it ideal for processing facility not just

80 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

receiving different types of defects and contamination level, but also for places processing different products requiring quick turnovers as well. Together with its latest addition equipped with NIR sensor, belt type optical sorter Beltuza series is becoming necessity for many locations handling fragile materials or products difficult to convey on regular chute type sorters.

About Satake

In 1896, the founder of the Satake Corporation, Mr. Riichi Satake, grandfather of the current chairman, Dr Toshiko Satake, invented and began the production of Japan’s first power driven rice-milling machine. In the 100 years since, a succession of successful developments and a wealth of accumulated research and knowledge have made Satake the world leader in grain processing systems. Satake produces a comprehensive range of individual machines, integrated systems and totally engineered solutions for the processing of rice, wheat and other cereal grains. The Company is proud of its tradition of innovation, which ensures that Satake machines and systems are always at the forefront of technology. Satake has achieved its position as one of the oldest, largest and most advanced companies in its fields through its commitment to offering customers superb equipment, specially developed to meet their needs. This driving principle has led


F

directly to the prosperity of the Company. Thanks to the special relationship we cultivate with all our customers we have become known and respected, not only in Japan but also in over 150 countries where Satake equipment is used.

Global standard

Today, additions to its 18 offices and 11 subsidiaries throughout Japan, Satake's global network extends to 28 locations in 12 countries worldwide. Since its first overseas facility built in 1939, Satake has responded to needs of the market and gained know-how of product processing and handling from every corner of the globe. The experience and time proven technology, as well as engineering innovation made the company attain the firm position as the global standard.

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 81


F

Investing in the future through the protection of nature by Genç Değirmen

Genç Değirmen, which opens up to the World from Konya has made a huge step to leave a green environment to the next generations, this is through building the biggest solar power plant and making it the main source of energy. The recent tendency to the natural energy plants, which is order of the day around the world, brought protection based branding besides production based branding. Genç Değirmen opens up to the World by its vision, and keeps being innovative, becoming one of the numbers of firms who’ve made this huge step.

G

enç Değirmen, which has built complete more than 300 milling systems in 54 countries around the World since 1990, now supplies the energy need of its systems by the solar power plant built on the rooftops of the production units that belongs to the firm. As one of the main purposes of Genç Değirmen is to create a viable environment to the future generations, it now has the greatest rooftop Project of the MEDAŞ area.

“Our duty is not only to produce”

The people and other industries around the area can make use of the extra energy that is supplied by the firm, while the firm supplies the 100 percent natural energy. By that to contribute the widest area of nature that can be reached is aimed. “Our duty is not only to produce but also to create the most efficient, thrifty and environment friendly production systems to pay the World what we owe it.” Was told by Kerim SELEK - the General Manager of Genç Değirmen who also highlighted if there is demand from consumers and an available field, the solar power plants are in the exhibition too. Also “We have a collaboration protocol with Solimpeks which produces Turkey cantered renewable energy materials and grows rapidly” he added.

The contribution to nature is on a global dimension

Genç Değirmen built photovoltaic solar power panels all over the rooftops of production based buildings to supply the energy needed by the firm and channelise the extra energy to the needy environment. By that, the firm contributes to the industry and life around it. The firm not only creates milling systems good enough for itself but also attributes value to the nature. Able to produce 1MW per hour, the 3.456 systems which have HIT technology over 325 W power, created of monocrystal photovoltaic panels has been built and expected to produce 1.600.000 KWH energy per year. By that, the electricity need of 600 houses will be supplied, approximately 1.200 tons of carbon (CO2) and cycle will be blocked and 85.000 trees will be saved. 82 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

A shared mindset could lead the way to providing a greener future - An interview with A Kerim Selek, Chairman, Genç Değirmen Through the rapid population growth worldwide, rapid depletion of resources and harmful practices in the world are a major concern for the future. The thought of leaving a greener world to next generations is a vital target that the whole world needs to prioritise. Unfortunately nowadays not every company shows this sensitivity and some ambitions could take precedence over than to protect the nature. Fortunately in this respect there are some companies, which are seeing this issue as their task. One of them is Genç Değirmen. The company has decided to invest in projects that can generate electricity from solar energy and it has been applied quickly. We listened the story of this investment from A. Kerim Selek, Chairman of Genç Değirmen, who served over 27 years in Konya’s flour and semolina mills.

Can you briefly introduce Genç Değirmen?

Of course, Genç Değirmen was established in 1990. We offer solutions for flour and semolina production facilities over an


F area of 30,000 square metres now. We export to 54 countries thanks to our dealer networks all over the world. Thanks to our machine part, which we have enriched with high technology, we have realised error-free production in over 350 projects, and we continue to realise it.

Could you talk a little bit about your new naturefriendly investment?

As Genç Değirmen we think that our mission is not just to produce and export. We have always based on the respectful production of the environment. We count on our duty to leave a viable, clean environment for future generations. At this point we have seen the necessity of making a big breakthrough. Because the world is not in an environmental position that we can ignore anymore. The resources are not enough, the green is diminishing and the future looks a bit hazy in this sense. We have integrated one of the most effective nature friendly energy systems into our productions: Electricity production with Solar Energy Plant. With the photovoltaic panels placed on the roof of our facility, now we provide all our electricity needs from this power plant. We also provide excess energy to the electric network to possibility of using by houses and factories around. A very cheerful project for us, because do something for future given us to do something for the future is a motivation which is not so possible to catch at another point.

STRONG ENOUGH TO FACE EVERYTHING!

What will be the return from such a big investmnet?

In addition to this, Genc Deigrmen now provides all of its electricity needs from this system and even started to provide. We also offer a project to our customers, including a solar power plant, according to their wishes and the availability of the facility. We made a cooperation protocol with Solimpeks of Turkey’s largest companies at this point. In other words, the project is from us, acceptance from our customers, and application from Solimpeks and Genç Değirmen cooperation. On this count, we will take steps to save more trees, collectively to support a greener world. The sun is such a valuable source that it produces enormous power. Therefore, we can support the benefit of the surrounding houses and businesses by working with the excess energy generated in the power plant, online and integrated with the network. In the first step, we are talking about the power to save 85,000 trees.

Would you give information about the installed solar power plant?

The system is the largest rooftop project in the MEDAŞ region. It was built using 3,456 monocrystalline photovoltaic panels at 325 watts with HIT technology capable of generating 1 MW of energy per hour. It is expected to produce 1.600.000 KWh of energy annually. This will provide electricity for about 600 households; 1,200 tons of carbon (CO2) will be prevented from the atmospheric oscillation.

Leiber® Beta-S – β-glucans for: Improvement of the cellular & humoral defence mechanisms Support of immunological competence in larval & juvenile stages Improvement of feed conversion

What are the next goals of the Genç Değirmen?

In fact, our goal is always the same - A healthier environment, a greener production and more customers to present this project and to continue our path together with Solimpeks. Because the more you prefer nature friendly, the better tomorrow it is. We have also begun work on the Gold Standard Certification for renewable energies within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol. So this is just a start for us. There are companies that choose nature friendly, renewable energy, and we have our hands in it.

leibergmbh.de

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 83


Industry Profile

FAWEMA

F

Having the know-how and experience since 1920

awema was founded by Heinrich Kleinjung in 1920 and called FAbrik Fßr WErkzuge und MAschinen. At first the company manufactured twist drill milling machines, drilling machines, bow saws, grinding machines and other metal working tools. Later on, these products were also exported to the UK. From the mid 1930s onwards contract work and government orders, above all the processing of spare parts for locomotives for the National Railway, contributing to the company’s growth. By the end of the 1940s there was an increased demand for portioned foodstuffs, and Fawema, together with the engineer Julius Schwirten, an expert for packaging machines, concentrated on the development and manufacture of dosing machines. In 1949, a small dosing machine was built. Then Edeka ordered 250 dosing machines at one stroke to equip all of their shops and also placed an order for the first automatic filling machine. Factory workshops and a multi-storey administration building were erected. Continuously improved and new products resulted in further expansion. The production programme was systematically broadened, first by adding bag filling and closure machines and later by combining them with collating and packing machines into state-of-the-art packaging lines.

Committed to the future

High quality standards and proven technology coupled with innovative solutions have made Fawema a household name for packaging machines worldwide. On the basis of standard components, the company develop 84 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


Industry Profile

tailor-made packaging solutions in modular construction using the most up-to-date control and drive technology. They are synonymous with reliability and punctual delivery thanks to the commitment of the employees at their factory in Engelskirchen as well as their service technicians worldwide. The product range comprises machines and lines for filling and packaging dry products for almost all areas of application. Depending on the requirements, the packaging materials used may be paper, plastic or composite. These may be pre-made bags or bags produced from reel material during the in-line process. Fawema bring you the entire know-how of packaging technology. They draw up overall design proposals – from product feed to palletising. Moreover, the company are always open to new developments – new applications, new industries, new packaging technologies.

Recent technology – The Fawema FA217 series

The Fawema FA217 series of fully automatic flour packing

machines is proving to be a huge success with millers worldwide. This machine is revolutionizing the way in which retail flour is packed into either paper bags or plastic bags. In much the same way that the automobile industry has modernized car manufacture, Fawema in Germany has done the same thing with packing machinery and the results are outstanding. The latest servodrive technology has been introduced to replace mechanical camdrive transmissions and thanks to this progressive engineering, the overall reliability of the equipment has been vastly enhanced. The machinery is also now much more hygienic for deployment in food industry facilities due to the fact that the new FA217 packers require no oil sumps or bath, no lubrication and no rubber suction cups, therefore potential contamination with the flour to be packed is eliminated. Mechanical wear and tear is now a thing of the past and the smart servo-drive transmission ensures that energy consumption is also greatly reduced. www.fawema.com

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STORAGE

F

Controlling produce store environments with polyurethane insulation

C

by The British Urethane Foam Contractors Association (BUFCA), United Kingdom

ontrolling a store environment can be a risky business – with farmers running the risk of ruined crops. During spells of cold, wintry weather the internal surfaces of agricultural buildings can become wet with condensation and severely damage the harvest. By insulating the building this risk can be substantially reduced. A closed-cell spray applied polyurethane foam insulant can be used directly onto the internal surfaces of the building façade. This will insulate the building and help to regulate the temperature so that sudden hot or cold temperature variations are not so likely. As the insulant is sprayed straight on to the building substrate this helps to seal the building and control internal temperatures. Insulating the agricultural building allows the sugar levels of stored crops to be maintained for longer and lower temperatures can preserve crop quality. Sprayed polyurethane foam is a simple task for a professionally trained installer. The association representing spray foam installers for agriculture and other sectors is the British Urethane Foam Contractors Association. The association has a list of registered installers at www.bufca.co.uk. Application is a speedy process as installers are adept at installing large areas very quickly. The insulant is sprayed on and cures to form a robust, rigid layer of highly efficient insulation. Closed cell polyurethane foam has been around for over 40 years. The polyurethane insulant is a twocomponent liquid system, which produces a highly efficient blanket of insulation with an exceptional thermal conductivity figure. Systems can be applied to various depths and have K-values in the range of 0.025 to 0.028W/mK.

86 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


SUPERIOR RELIABILITY THAT HOLDS HECTARES

OF EFFORT AND

YOUR FUTURE Superior offers farm and commercial bins that give you storage volume up to 795,000 bushels (21,500 metric tons).

+1.701.428.3853

SUPERIORBINS.COM


STORAGE

F Farmers know that the risk of condensation, freezing temperatures or the lack of a controlled temperature environment may be disastrous for crops. However, there is no longer any need to run this risk as a simple application of sprayed foam can help to maintain a healthy stock.

Case study: Insulation of grain storage building

BUFCA suppliers and installers have also been involved in creating fit for purpose and stand out insulation of grain storage buildings. The supplier, Edu-Chem Ltd and the installer, Roofing Insulation Services Ltd carried out this project and these were the results:

The situation

This farm building was one of three, side by side, which were all constructed at the same time using the same materials. The problem was that they were all constructed many years ago and incorporated no insulation or condensation proofing. The roofs and walls were clad using fibre cement sheets, with a concrete lining constructed internally to enable storage of grain. However, when the grain was stored within the buildings, condensation was formed on the roof and dripped onto the grain.

The solution

The solution to insulate old fibre cement sheets was to use EduFoam: this not only provides excellent thermal insulation properties but also eliminates and prevents the future build-up of condensation on the internal surface of the cladding. Using

88 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

this system also saves the building owner valuable time and money when it comes to insulating these older buildings.

About BUFCA

The British Urethane Foam Contractors Association is the national trade association comprising sprayed and injected polyurethane foam contractors, suppliers of sprayed and injected foam systems and equipment suppliers. You can be assured of the highest standards of quality and service when employing a BUFCA member. www.bufca.co.uk


STORAGE

F

W

Trench and mechanical intake pits By David Perry, Managing Director, Perry of Oakley Ltd hen considering which type of mechanical intake system to use the first thing to consider is the type of products to be handled. If the products are all free flowing such as cereals then a chain and flight conveyor

90 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

system will be suitable. If the products also include meals and very light products these might not be suitable for a chain and flight conveyor and then a more universal screw conveyor system may be the answer. This is because chain and flight conveyor systems generally use a side inlet configuration to enable control of the depth of the product in the conveyor casing. This can lead to a narrow aperture for the product to pass through and this does not suit products that are likely to bridge.


STORAGE

F

3-FAWEMA MiMag 20-10-2017.qxp_Layout 1 20.10.17 08:44 Seite 1

Other considerations are that a screw conveyor intake would generally be shorter as it is not good practice to have a hanger bearing to support the worm on pipe inside the hopper area. This can be achieved but access for regular lubrication also has to be considered. Intake hoppers using chain and flight conveyors offer several benefits: • The intake section can be very long. Perry systems have intake sections from 3m to 18m depending on the model of the conveyors. • The chain and flight conveyors after the intake section can be any length required. • The chain and flight conveyors can be curved, depending on the storage volume requirements this could mean the civil

NEW FAWEMA TECHNOLOGY FOR 100% DUST-TIGHT & LEAK-PROOF PAPER BAG PACKAGING. NOW AVAILABLE: The perfect FAWEMA solution for cost-effective, dust-free and leak-proof packaging of all your products. Can also be retro-fitted to existing FAWEMA machinery.

FAWEMA GmbH Wallefelder Straße, 51766 Engelskirchen, Germany Tel: +49 2263/716-0, info@fawema.com

NEW

www.fawema.com

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STORAGE

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works for intake pits can be very simple and can even be a flat pad if needed.

Capacity of the intake system:

This will depend on a number of factors: The capacity of the equipment following the intake may limit the chosen capacity. What rate does the rest of the system need to be fed at? For example, if the intake is part of a drying system then, depending on the configuration of this, the general rule of thumb is that the handling equipment should be twice the normal drying capacity of the drier. If not then the daily intake capacity needs to be known. The arrival interval of delivery vehicles The acceptable waiting time for the delivery vehicles and space for them to wait without causing problems with local roads. If delivery vehicles need to be emptied quickly but the interval is not that frequent could the intake pit be down below ground a suitable distance to allow the contents of the trailer to be tipped and instantaneously disappear below ground level. The conveyor can then empty this before the next vehicle arrives.

Size of intake pit

This will depend on several factors as well: Type of vehicle: Is it a single bulk truck with a large trailer which is hydraulically tipped. This could use a short intake pit and reverse up to it or drive over it. A shorter bulk truck towing a smaller bulk trailer. For faster unloading this requires a drive over pit so the truck can tip first and then pull forward over the pit and then tip up the trailer. A long bulk trailer with bottom emptying hoppers. This would 92 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

suit a drive over pit and then the truck empties each compartment in turn when in the correct position over the pit or if faster discharge is required a long intake pit for the full length of the truck so all compartments can be opened at the same time. Truck with side tipping trailer or hydraulic truck tipping platform. This would need a long intake pit parallel to the truck position the same length of the truck.

Size of the pit

Is the pit to be large to enable a wet pre store of grain to be held before drying instead of the expense of a wet storage bin? In this case a long intake pit is useful to enable a large volume of grain to be heaped above the intake pit with surrounding walls. The delivery trucks can reverse up to the pit along it’s length and tip up at different points along it.

Layout of the intake system

For instance is the pit to be reversed up to or is it to have a drive over grid? If a drive over configuration will the conveyor be perpendicular to the direction of the truck or parallel to it. If it is perpendicular to it, then the positioning of the next piece of equipment can easily be positioned out of the way of the delivery vehicle route. If it is parallel and a drive over configuration then a second conveyor will be needed to connect the intake conveyor to the elevator to keep out of the way of the truck route.

Pit depth

This may be determined by the local ground water conditions. If there is a very high water table then the pit may be shallow or even positioned above ground for vehicles to reverse up to it or to


pull alongside it if side tipping. Most pits are of a suitable capacity and are positioned just below floor level so a run over grid can be installed over the top. Alternatively the intake conveyor can be positioned deep down at the bottom of a large gravity pit if the water table permits. The most popular configuration of intake conveyor that Perry manufacture has an average length of 6m and has a 45 degree curve at the outlet end to feed into a belt and bucket elevator or aspirator cleaner. Typical capacities are from 60 to 300tph, but capacities are available up to 800tph. Perry’s manufacture two types of intake hopper for chain and flight conveyors. A trench intake and a mechanical reception hopper. The mechanical reception hopper is supplied as a complete hopper in standard sections of 3, 4.5 or 6m (longer on industrial conveyors) and multiple units can be fitted to a single conveyor. The flow rate is controlled by a pair of vertical slides in the hopper, which are controlled by levers at the outside of the hopper so no inverter control is necessary. The second type is a trench intake, this comes with or without a pre assembled hopper and in multiple smaller sections and these can be assembled on site to create single intakes up to 18m long. These have a fixed side inlet aperture and so the speed of the conveyor needs to be inverter controlled to control the flow rate of the grain into the rest of the equipment. Both systems can have extension hoppers manufactured at the factory or on site to extend the hoppers to the required dimensions. Our screw conveyor intakes are tailor made to suit customer requirements and products and have diameters from 150 to 600mm. To control the feed rate on these, inverter control is required.

STORAGE

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About Perry of Oakley Ltd

Perry of Oakley Ltd are the UK’s most experienced manufacturer of materials handling & drying equipment. Established in 1947, last year saw the third generation, family run firm reach it’s 70th year. Everything they sell is designed and manufactured in house and we have a network of UK and international dealers and engineers. They export their range of grain driers, biomass belt driers and materials handling equipment worldwide. They supply driers for products including cereals, grass, herbs and woodchip and biomass. Last year, Perry’s achieved the accolade of “Exporter of the Year”, granted to them by SHAPA, the solids handling and processing association. If you require a materials handling or drying solution call one of Perry of Oakley Ltd’s experienced engineers on +44 1404 890300 or for more information on their products and services available visit the website. www.perryengineering.com

www.perryofoakley.co.uk sales@perryofoakley.co.uk +44 (0)1404 890300

Since 1947

The UK’s Most Experienced Manufacturer of Grain Drying & Handling Equipment

• Continuous Flow Grain Driers & Belt Driers • Chain & Flight Conveyors

• Belt & Bucket Elevators • Aspirator Cleaners • Augers & Screw Conveyors • Levelling Conveyors • Belt Conveyors • Ducting & Valves

John & Allan Marshall - East Pitkierie Farm - Anstruther (Fife)

“We had a 40 tonne per hour Perry grain drier installed with handling equipment. We have found the Perry machines have quite low noise levels and we particularly like the Perry PLC control panel. It’s really simple to use and the text message alerts are really helpful. The automatic set up makes getting the drier running at its optimum for our crops really simple, and with the panel incorporating the handling too, the re-routing of the crop is easier than we could have hoped for.” Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 93


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STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING IN SILOS

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An interview with Dennis Bossink, Structural Engineer, TSC Top Silo Constructions By TSC Silos, The Netherlands

he development of square silos, how exciting can this be? It is a question that TSC Silos staff members are frequently asked. This is sufficient reason to delve deeper into our world. In this article, Structural Engineer Dennis Bossink, who has been with TSC since November 2013, describes his profession; Calculating solid silo constructions. This is a wonderfully dynamic job full of challenges, according to the enthusiastic professional.

More than a silo

At the start of the conversation, Dennis makes it instantly clear, “Many people think a silo is only the cylindrical storage of bulk goods. However, our square silos go much further than that. We build entire constructions as an integrated component of factories all over the whole world. Thanks to our knowledge of various norms and location-specific parameters we can design and calculate constructions that can resist all types of weather conditions, meet the architectural points of departure and naturally also the wishes of the client.” He explains, “We build entire constructions as an integrated component of factories all over the world.”

Parameter 1: Location-specific variables

The construction that TSC designs, calculates and builds must be able to withstand the forces of nature and adhere to the local norms. Dennis nods enthusiastically and divulges, “Every project is completely different thanks to these location-specific variables. This makes the work beautiful and challenging. For example, there are many location-specific parameters globally that we include in our calculations. In China almost no tolerances are accepted, in America we have to bear in mind hurricanes and in Norway snow load is a major factor.”

Parameter 2: Architectural specifications

Each silo is unique, because each factory is different. For

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example, Dennis and his team were responsible for designing a silo that had to be built in a huge historical South African factory. The team devised an inventive method to bring the silo segments into the building through a window and to construct it, because the inner walls and roof had to be kept intact during construction. He also remembers the client who wanted to place his silo directly above a railway line well. The construction not only had to resist the vibrations of the trains passing below, but also be fire resistant for 90 minutes. A specially designed construction with fire-resistant coating made this possible. In England, a client realised only during the construction of his factory, where he had designed a round silo, that a square silo offered him more possibilities. A silo was designed on location in just one day from anchors in the foundation up to and including the attachment of the roof construction. Dennis proudly concludes: “After completing such projects, you pause and think… ‘Wow, we really did make it happen!’ It is a challenge to keep our clients as well as ourselves satisfied with inventive solutions that initially seemed impossible!” He said, “It is a challenge to keep our clients as well as ourselves satisfied with inventive solutions”

Parameter 3: User specifications

Every bulk good has its own weight and characteristics, consider mutual cohesion, vulnerability, rawness, hardness, internal movement, flow rate, temperatures, etc. For brewing beer barley and malt are stored in the silo compartments. The raw materials for compound feed can vary daily. Sand and gravel are used for industrial applications, for example. Dennis pointed out, “These parameters are important points of departure for designing the ultimate chute and silo wall. Using our calculations, we can advise the client perfectly on issues such as pressure relief, wall strength, coating, safety, accessibility, hygiene, wear resistance and possible risks.”

Learn today, apply tomorrow

Dennis has developed his own programme together with colleague Oscar, among others, in which the recurring parameters


F such as natural phenomena, local norms and the properties of bulk goods are determined. He explained, “Naturally, there are already many tools, but silos have to meet so many requirements that we have developed an in-house calculation programme for this. In this way we reduce the duration time of a project, always meet the local norms and work in a way that is secure and reliable. The programme keeps constantly developing.”

Master of Structural Engineering

It is the task of Dennis and his colleagues to design a stable, strong and rigid construction on the basis of all parameters, which can be carried out in practice and stays within the client´s budget. This is a task that the TSC takes extremely seriously. So seriously that Dennis, engineer in constructive design with six years of experience as an engineer, recently had to delve further into his knowledge of steel construction by starting a masters in structural engineering (MSEng). Dennis commented, “The course primarily taught me to look at the design of a silo construction differently. I learned to not only focus on the silo, but to view the entire construction and the design of the building and be able to calculate it by using a helicopter view. This integral approach ensures a better design and better value for money, making it more competitive. Another benefit of my masters is that we can now carry out complex issues such as fold instability and steel fatigue calculations in-house. A major benefit for the client, because we can switch even faster these days.” Dennis is currently sharing his newly acquired knowledge of Structural Engineering with his colleagues and colleague Namer has also signed up for the course.

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Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 95


F CASE STUDY

CASE STUDY

Incorporating whole-cell yeast into a swine diet ADM Animal Nutrition™, a division of Archer Daniels Midland Company, is a leading provider of innovative products for the animal nutrition market including high-quality feed products, amino acids, supplements, premixes, custom ingredient blends and specialty feed ingredients to aid in optimising animal health and nutrition. The following is a Q&A with ADM swine nutritionist Dr Matthew Asmus, PhD, on the benefits of incorporating CitriStim®, a specialty ingredient proprietary to ADM Animal Nutrition™, in the diets of sows as well as its use with livestock, poultry and aquaculture.

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itriStim® is a proprietary, whole-cell yeast developed by ADM Animal Nutrition™ and currently used in more than 1,500 feed formulations for swine, ruminants, poultry, aquaculture, equine, rabbits, deer/ elk and game birds. ADM recommends an inclusion rate between two and four pounds per ton of CitriStim depending on an animal’s stage of production.

How is CitriStim® different from other yeast products on the market? CitriStim® differs from other yeast products in the fact that it is comprised of a unique, whole-cell inactivated yeast, Pichia guilliermondii. This specific strain of yeast has shown a high affinity for binding to bacteria along the intestinal tract, which greatly reduces the interaction between the bacteria and the gut wall. The reduced bacterial colonisation of the intestinal tract is thought to improve tight gap junctions in the intestinal lining and the overall gut health of the animal.

Why the focus on CitriStim® for sows?

Outside of disease, one of the largest challenges facing sow farms is low birthweight and nonviable piglets. A swine trial conducted at the University of Arkansas found that the inclusion of CitriStim® in the diets of sows not only increased the number of piglets born alive, it also reduced the percentage of piglets that weighed less than two pounds at birth, and increased the number of piglets weaned per litter (Figures 1, 2 and 3). Data from this study is based on an average sow feed intake of 800 pounds per litter, prices at the time of the study and a feeding of 96 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

CitriStim® is a unique, whole-cell, inactivated yeast (Pichia guilliermondii) that is proprietary to ADM Animal Nutrition™ and can be used in diets for all phases and classes of animals.

CitriStim® at 0.2 percent in gestation and lactation diets (Table 1).

Have other producers seen similar benefits to those found in Arkansas trial?

Yes, multiple producers who have implemented CitriStim® have reported a reduction in low birthweight pigs and increased weaning weights. In addition, a number of producers have also reported that CitriStim® has helped resolve “underlying” issues in the sow herd including a reduction in the number of reoccurring outbreaks of E. coli scours in the farrowing crate. This is thought to be accomplished through CitriStim’s affinity to bind and excrete bacteria from the intestine and lower the overall bacterial challenge load to nursing pigs.

Aside from sows, are there benefits to using CitriStim® in the diets of other species?

With a growing global population and limited space and resources, it is important to develop products that improve feeding strategies and maximise efficiency. The utilisation of feed ingredients like CitriStim® is beneficial in a variety of species used for human consumption (swine, poultry, ruminants and aquaculture) because it works at the gut level where the vast majority of bacterial infections start. By utilising CitriStim® to improve gut health, we can help improve the overall efficiency of the animal. Known attributes of CitriStim® that apply across species include unique immune modulation and the ability to adhere to potentially pathogenic bacteria. Cost is always foremost in producers’ minds, and CitriStim® has a very favourable return on investment. So favorable that 25 percent of US poultry are fed diets containing CitriStim® throughout all life stages, including broilers


F CitriStim® is smaller than Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a common yeast used in animal nutrition.

and other types of poultry. In terms of new research, we are looking at other production efficiencies, such as return to estrus interval and days to first service in the sow herd.

What are some product development and production challenges ADM Animal Nutrition has had to overcome with CitriStim®?

When added to diets, CitriStim® has performance-proven health and production benefits for all life stages and classes of animals. Since its origination over 10 years ago, demand for the product has only increased. ADM Animal Nutrition™ currently exports CitriStim® to more than 25 countries worldwide. In order to best maintain our stringent production standards, ADM Animal Nutrition™ produces CitriStim® at one food-grade location in Southport, North Carolina. Over the course of the last five years, ADM Animal Nutrition™ has invested in three plant expansions to accommodate growth and demand for CitriStim®.

Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 97


F CASE STUDY

CitriStim® exerts a positive influence on bacterial populations and helps bind pathogens in the gut of the animal.

What can we expect to see for the future of CitriStim®?

ADM Animal Nutrition™ uses CitriStim® as a base for development for strong, peer-reviewed scientific research. For the next several years, we will continue to see research in all species, including newer applications of the product in aquaculture, as well as a continuation in the diets of poultry, swine and ruminants. www.admanimalnutrition.com/CitriStim. ADM Animal Nutrition™ and CitriStim® are trademarks of Archer Daniels Midland Company.

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WORLD FEED & GRAIN MARKET REVIEW

by John Buckley

China using more maize, India’s consumption growth rate more than halving (it frequently seems to get over-estimated). It’s not an impressive result during an era of unusually cheap wheat (in inflationweighted terms if not always in importers’ national currencies versus the US dollar, in which most grain is traded). Moreover, imports, the arena in which world prices are tested and ‘made,’ are hardly growing at all, thanks in large part to India’s growing selfsufficiency.

RUSSIAN WHEAT MARKET DOMINANCE GROWS Two opposing forces have fought for supremacy over world wheat market direction at the turn of the year, making for a more volatile but broadly firmer market. One has been a Polar blast – extreme cold but not accompanied by adequate snow protection, threatening unusual levels of ‘winterkill’ for an already drought-stressed US (2018) winter wheat crop. The latter was sown on a significantly smaller area too. One recent estimate has plantings down 4.5 percent at 31.2m acres (12.62m ha), their lowest since 1909 although the latest official forecast on January 12 saw the drop not much over one percent - if still at a 99-year low of just 32.6m acres. In the previous two years, in response to a long period of low prices, US total wheat area had already slumped by 20.5 percent, according to USDA data. The opposing factor has been further increments made to Russia’s already record 2017 crop estimate – some officials now putting this as high as 85.8m tonnes compared with the USDA’s December forecast of 83m and last year’s 72.5m tonnes. USDA more or less came into line with an 85m tonne update in its January monthlies. Russia’s farm minister meanwhile suggested next year’s crop might even beat this year’s record volume. It might be remembered that, at the start of this season, the Russian harvest was expected to reach just 67m tonnes. It suggests Russian exports could expand a lot further than the 33.5m tonnes (+5.7m) forecast by the USDA – some say closer to 40m tonnes. The popular view has been that exports will still be restrained by limitations on Russian transport and port systems well below that figure. Yet Russia is making strenuous efforts to overcome these shortcomings and is constantly breaking records for export grain handling. In November it raised wheat exports by 48 percent on the month to 4.2m tonnes and for the season to that point had so far shipped over 17m tonnes (+29%), selling more to its traditional customers as well as breaking into some new markets in competition with other exporters, not least the EU. It has, for example, dominated sales to the largest wheat importer Egypt, pushing out all but a few sales from main rivals Ukraine and Rumania. Russia’s deputy farm minister meanwhile reports a planned 50 percent increase in grain export capacity within three years. Based on this autumn’s sowings and weather so far, Russia could have another big crop on the way for 2018 – provided it avoids a late Arctic blast or the sort of summer droughts and heat-waves that slashed its contribution earlier this decade and in the previous one, when world prices reached record high levels – albeit alongside some major crop losses in other wheat producing countries too. If Russia is to be the biggest influence on world wheat prices in 2018, then, it will probably be in a downward direction, especially on a world market burdened already with record surplus stocks (In which Russia itself is a factor, expected to see its inventories rise sharply for a second season running in 2017/18). Turning back to the uncertain US crop outlook for 2018, yield losses are by no means certain at this stage. Wheat, as a grass, is a tough old plant that can bounce back surprisingly well from tough winter conditions, given adequate moisture and normal spring weather. There have been many past years when the threat of frost damage to the US crop has temporarily lifted prices, only for them to fall back when the crop emerges from dormancy. A similar situation has been seen across the globe in China, where winter droughts often get the bulls agitated but are usually sorted out by rain coming on time in the spring. Along with China, the US has also been a major contributor to growth of global carryover stocks. From 2014 to 2017 these doubled to 32m tonnes – a number that has continued to keep prices in the US pinned down – so could do with some trimming

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from a smaller US crop. It should also be noted that half the US surplus has been hard red winter wheat, the crop currently most under threat from the dry/cold weather. Soft red winter wheat – the basis of the bellwether Chicago futures market is reportedly under relatively little weather threat. Despite the steep drop in US planting of wheat in recent years, world wheat area declined by less than 1.2 percent this season after a 1.8 percent fall in the previous year. Cutbacks in response to world wheat pridfes at five-year lows have included Europe, minus 2.8 percent in 2017 but Australia, Canada, Argentina and the former Soviets (except Kazakhstan) have either maintained or slightly raised sowings. Production cuts in Australia and Canada

were due to yields falling back from the previous year’s very high levels. Yet overall, world average wheat yields rose by 4.6 percent, more than offsetting the decline in plantings. Another key restraint on the wheat markets has been the slowdown in global consumption growth (see chart). Usage expanded by 28m tonnes or 3.9 percent last season but is forecast to add just 2.4m or only 0.3 percent in 2017/18. The biggest factor has been a 5m tonne drop in animal feed use – which had grown by 11m tonnes last season, with coarse grains now taking all the growth in that sector. Various countries and regions account for the slowdown – China using more maize, India’s consumption growth rate more

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than halving (it frequently seems to get over-estimated). It’s not an impressive result during an era of unusually cheap wheat (in inflation-weighted terms if not always in importers’ national currencies versus the US dollar, in which most grain is traded). Moreover, imports, the arena in which world prices are tested and ‘made,’ are hardly growing at all, thanks in large part to India’s growing self-sufficiency. Futures markets Amid the ongoing surplus, speculative funds continue to sell the CBOT futures market heavily short, showing little confidence in prices ability to rally for any length of time and not emboldened to take some bullish bets in a cheap commodity with possibly limited ‘downside risk.’ Yet forward premiums being quoted on CBOT wheat futures suggest wheat will be 13 percent dearer by the end-2018 and cost nearly 25 percent more by December 2019. The bears will argue that this most widely followed indicator didn’t achieve the prices it ‘revealed’ one year ago for the end of 2018 – though it did at time exceed these during the year. The last ‘major low’ for the bellwether CBOT markets spot price was just under US$3.60/bu in late summer 2016. Prior to that we have to go back 10 years to find significantly lower levels – closer to US$3bu versus this month’s (so far) highs of US$4.37. The EU wheat market has tended to shrug off recent US market strength, even trading down to new lows in the early days of the New Year. The key factors in Europe remain the extra 7m tonnes it produced this year, the unusually low quality of much of the normally high grade German and Baltic State crops and, not least, the resurgent euro – plus 10 percent versus the US dollar last year – pulling down exports to non-EU countries. (French exports have actually been running 34 percent ahead of the meagre levels seen this time last year, after a poor crop in 2016). However, EU total sales are running some 20 percent down and, currently look unlikely to come anywhere near early-season forecasts (thanks mainly to the rising Russian competition). US exports recovered by 35 percent last season but despite cheaper prices and the US dollar losing near 10 percent of its value versus other major currencies this past year, shipments are seen 11 percent lower in 2017/18 by the USDA. The fact that almost half the world’s huge wheat surplus is held more or less ‘off-market’ within China has been cited by some analysts in recent weeks as a potential price support but has not remained a talking point. It does mean ‘available’ supplies aren’t quite so huge but they are anything but tight. Not as flush than the world total suggests – but hardly tight. Other wheat news Also bearish last month, the Canadian government bodies raised their 2017 crop and export estimates for wheat – the latter now seen 1.1m tonnes higher than in November and 1.85m above the total shipped from last year’s huge crop. The key spring wheat component was raised by more than 2m tonnes and is actually greater now than that produced by the record 2016 harvest. That said, durum/pasta wheat customers will still be short-changed as that crop (while 700,000 tonnes bigger than expected in September) will still be 2.8m tonnes down on-year. In contrast Official Australian forecaster ABARES lopped its crop estimate to 20.3m tonnes and reported increased rain

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damage to its (normally high quality) crops at the ripening stage in some states. Argentina has also had some quality issues caused by excessive rain and along with Brazil, has recently had worrying dry weather problems too. Such southern hemisphere disruptions are common in La Nina years although evidence so far suggests this phase of the Pacific climate cycle will not be as severe as some past ones. Ukraine reported record November wheat exports of 1.83m tonnes, up 31 percent on the year. After a slower start, that brought its seasonal shipments up near last year’s level, around 10m tonnes. Ukraine’s next wheat crop is said to be in better shape than at this time last year when dry weather was a problem. The USDA now sees populous Indonesia importing 11.5m tonnes of wheat and growing at a pace that should soon see it overtake Egypt (forecast 12m this season) as the world’s largest importer. Even here, Russian competition is building for traditional suppliers like Australia. Russia has also boosted trade to Egypt by 30 percent this season so far with Ukraine also taking a bigger slice of this market. At the upper end of the quality wheat market, premiums for higher protein spring and hard red winter wheat have expanded recently, possibly due to Australian and Argentine crop issues. Importers may be tempted not to build stocks when world prices are assumed to stay low – or go lower still – amid large supplies and, so far, mostly trouble-free outlooks for next year’s crops. It makes financial sense to let suppliers carry the cost of storage. The world’s third largest wheat producer, India’s officials continued to forecast a large, probably record 2018 crop harvested in the spring. Europe takes advantage of plentiful cheap maize Unlike wheat, maize is expected to enjoy a strong rise in world trade in 2017/18 of around 10m tonnes. Consumption is rising in China (self-fed from huge reserve stocks) and within the USA (6m more, again from big domestic supplies). However, several other major consumers – including Mexico, Vietnam Egypt and, not least the EU, will be relying on imports to help boost usage. Europe is expected to cosume about 75m tonnes of maize this season – about 1m more than in 2016/17. The USDA estimates it will import 16m tonnes of that this season, also up by about 1m tonnes, keeping the EU among the top three importers (led by Mexico and Japan). The EU figure could go higher still if they stay at anything like the current pace. Up to January 9, 2018, some 7.9m tonnes had already been shipped in – 45 percent more than at this time last year. Buers have been particularly keen to get their hands on all the duty free quota available from Ukraine, taking all 1.125m tonnes of this as well the entire low duty anyorigin corn quota (about 139,000 tonnes) for first-half 2018. Both quotas were massively ‘overbid.’ Maize prices weakened in the opening weeks of the New Year as it became clear that there would be now downward revisions to preliminary estimates of a bigger than expected US crop. The


keenly awaited final estimate came out at 371m tonnes – second only to the previous year’s 385m tonnes – thanks to record yields (raised to 176.6bu/acre) more than offsetting a slight trimming of the final acreage number. The USDA also kept Latin American 2017/18 crops (harvested this spring) at high levels, Brazil’s not far off last year’s record and Argentina’s even bigger. Both are expected to remain heavy suppliers, jointly shipping 62.5m tonnes in the season that ends August 31 – 46 percent more than last year. Shipments out of Russia and Ukraine will be a bit lower than last season’s after slightly smaller crops in that region but will still be enough to push US exports down by some 12-13 percent to a forecast 48.5m – their lowest for some years. Even that number may be out of reach if US sales fail to pull up soon, so far showing a far larger seasonal lag than this. January also brought the USDA’s eagerly awaited quarterly stock estimates which implied total use of US corn fell to 111m tonnes from 114m for the first quarter of the previous season. The USDA’s seasonal forecast sees total disappearance easing by 4.5m tonnes due to the fall in exports (7m tonnes) while feed and ethanol use each increase by over 2m tonnes. It still leaves US end season stocks a bit higher than expected at some 63m tonnes – over 50 percent bigger than two years ago and double the level held at the end of the 2013/14 marketing year. That bearish figure seems like to exert more influence on the CBOT corn futures market than forecasts, already factored into the market, that global maize stocks will decline by about 22m tonnes or 10 percent this season. And they will still be a fairly high level compared with the average for most of the 21st century to date. Moreover, most of the decline in ‘surplus’ stocks takes place within the ‘closed market’ of China where they are being purposefully wound down to reduce their cost of (in production and storage subsidies). It’s interesting to note that while the global corn market added almost 100m tonnes of new consumption last season (a third of that in animal feed), growth is seen far slower in 2017/18 (a mere 4m, mainly in the feed sector). Ethanol demand for corn could increase further in the year ahead in the USA - and in China as a possible outlet for its burdensome, thought to be low quality, stocks. Much will depend on whether the broader energy sector, led by crude oil, can maintain the strength it showed in 2017. Into the second quarter of 2018 markets will begin to shift their focus more to European, Black Sea and US sowing plans and planting weather. No lack of oilmeals, thanks to soya Oilmeal markets were firmer in the final weeks of 2017 as traders fretted that that drought in Argentina might trim the 2018 crop for the world’s largest soya meal exporter (harvested from first quarter 2018 onward). The USDA cut its January estimate for the crop to 56m from 57m and at the same time reduced its US 2017 crop estimate from 120.4m to 119.5m tonnes. Yet these two were offset by Brazil’s going up from 108m to 110m tonnes. Some analysts would not be surprised to see that going higher, even matching last year’s record 114.1m tonnes as, after a delayed start, the crop is now doing very well in most regions and first harvests of the

104 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

earliest sowings are even showing some yield gains versus last year’s. Overall world 2017/18 soyabean production should again be much larger than usual, around 348/352m tonnes versus last year’s total 351m. Moreover, stocks of soyabeans carried into this season are record large, estimated by the USDA around 96.5m tonnes versus the previous season’s 78m and, just two years earlier, only 62m tonnes. As usual, these calculations conflate the major suppliers’ different marketing years but two further bearish facts stand out. One is that stocks in Latin America, after huge crops and slower marketing, are far larger for the time of year than usual. The other is that total world surplus stocks, mainly held in the top producing countries, are actually expected to expand further by the close of the 2017/18 seasons at the end of August this year. Moreover, the USDA has, because of slower than expected exports, raised its forecast for US carryover stocks – a move that immediately caused prices on the bellwether US futures markets to soften. US soya crush is at least going strong, reaching record levels in December. Looking at world oilmeal supplies, soya meal – responsible for an expected 71 percent of the total this season – is expected to put on about 10m tonnes to match the foreseen increase in consumption. The lion’s share will, as usual, be in China, expected to use an extra 5m tonnes, the rest being fairly evenly spread over a whole raft of regular consuming countries but also including some gains in the US and Brazil. Those large stocks of soyabeans will be there to crush if needed which should continue to exert restraint on prices of both beans and products – indeed across the entire oilmeal protein sector. Elsewhere in the meal market, the main change in recent months has been an uprating of world rapeseed production to around 73m tonnes (last year 70.2m), mainly accounting for upgraded Canadian and EU crops. It promises a little more rapeseed meal in the supply mix, offset by a bit less sunflower meal after Ukrainian and Russian crops failed to quite match earlier expectations. In the broader global market for oilmeals, supplies are also boosted by larger production of cottonseed and palm kernel meals, more used in the developing/warmer climes where these are produced but nonetheless taking some of the pressure off their demand for imported meals like soya. Overall it remains a well-supplied oilmeal market with no real justification for price hikes – as underlined still by the prices quoted in distant months on the futures markets.


Industry events FEBRUARY

04/02/18 - Aqua Feed Extrusion Short Course UAE WEB: bit.ly/extrusionmea 05 – 07/02/18 - VIV MEA 2018 UAE WEB: www.vivmea.nl 07/02/18 - Dairy-Tech 2018 UK WEB: https://dairy-tech.uk 08 – 10/02/18 - Feed Tech Expo India WEB: www.feedtechexpo.com 14 – 16/02/18 - 51st Annual Warehousemen’s Conference & Trade Show USA WEB: www.pnwgfa.org/events 14 – 17/02/18 - BIOFACH 2018 Germany WEB: www.biofach.de/en 15 – 16/02/18 - Aquafarm 2018 Italy WEB: www.aquafarm.show 18 – 22/02/18 - Gulfood UAE WEB: www.gulfood.com 19 – 22/02/18 - Aquaculture America 2018 USA WEB: www.was.org 21 – 23/02/18 - Grain Tech Expo Ukraine WEB: www.grainexpo.com.ua 24/02/18 – 4/03/18 - Paris International Agricultural Show 2018 France WEB: www.en.salon-agriculture.com

World Mill Tech 2018 The World Milling Machinery Technologies and Side Industry Fair will be organised by TÜYAP Fairs and Fair Services Inc. in cooperation during March 29 - April 1, 2018 at TÜYAP Fair and Congress Center in Istanbul, Turkey. Turkish Milling Machinery Manufacturers lead the global milling machinery industry that has a total trade volume in excess of three billion dollars worldwide. The majority of mill machinery exports in Turkey are in the grain milling and processing machinery and equipment product group. Turkish manufacturers export more than 90 percent of the mill machines developed for flour factories. Turkey is the number one exporter of wheat flour with a record-breaking shipment volume. This makes the World Mill Tech Fair the most coveted meeting platform of the industry. World Mill Tech 2018 Fair will feature exhibitors in the Mill Machines and side industry, flour, feed, pulse and grain processing technologies and equipment, packaging (for milling industry), storage, ventilation, stacking, laboratory and analysis test, measurement and control, industrial publications categories, who will meet professional visitors together with

MARCH

06 – 08/03/18 - AgraME 2018 UAE WEB: www.agramiddleeast.com 06 - 07/03/18 - Feed Protein Vision 2018 The Netherlands WEB: www.feedproteinvision.com 07 – 09/03/18 - INTL FCStone Global Markets Outlook Conference USA WEB: www6.intlfcstone.com/globalmarkets-outlook-conference-2018/ 08-11/03/18 - TUSAF Congress 2018 Turkey WEB: www.2018tusaf.org/en 10/11/03/18 - Rice Milltech Expo 2018 India WEB: www.ricemilltech.com 11-14/03/18 - 4th Latin American Cereal Conference Mexico WEB: www.cereals2018.cimmyt.org 14 – 16/03/18 - ILDEX Vietnam Vietnam WEB: www.ildex.com.vn 24/03/18 - GEAPS Exchange 2018 USA WEB: https://www.geaps.com

106 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

trade associations, unions and industry publications. The fair will be an avenue for new business connections in domestic and international markets with Turkish and foreign exhibitors. World Mill Tech 2018, World Milling Machinery Technologies and Side Industry Fair will be organised with Milling Machinery Producer Association (DESMÜD) and supported by Turkish Flour Industrialists’ Federation (TUSAF), Turkish Feed Manufacturers’ Association (TÜRKİYEMBİR) and International Association for Cereal

Science and Technology (ICC). Beside these important institutions and organisations, more than 10 associations, unions and societies will do a hosted buyer programme by bringing their members together with the Turkish milling sector.


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Industry events

Temple Grandin and Jacqueline Applegate headline 2018 Women in Agribusiness Summit

T

he seventh annual Women in Agribusiness Summit (WIA) will take place, September 24-26, 2018, and feature keynote speakers Dr Temple Grandin, world-renowned animal behaviour consultant to the livestock industry, and Dr Jacqueline Applegate, head of environmental science for CropScience, a division of Bayer. Dr (Mary) Temple Grandin, a prominent author and speaker, is a professor of animal science at Colorado State University. She is most noted for her contributions to the field of animal welfare, which she argues were fueled by the insights and sensitivities that are a consequence of her autism. Dr Grandin advises agribusinesses such as Cargill on ways to improve the quality of life of their cattle. Her revolutionary cattle-handling system transformed the US meat industry in the 1990s, and is now utilised far beyond North America and involves a broader range of livestock and poultry in production facilities across the globe. Widely recognised for her work, Dr Grandin is the recipient of several awards, including those from the Livestock Conservation Institute and the American Meat Institute. In 2010, she was named one of TIME magazine’s 100 Most Influential People in the World. She is the recipient of several honorary degrees, and has been featured in a variety of radio and television programs, including a well-received TED talk. Dr Grandin has penned several books in the area of animal welfare, and her life was chronicled in a 2010 movie entitled Temple Grandin, which received 15 Emmy Award nominations and won five. She holds a bachelor’s degree in psychology, and master’s and doctorate degrees in animal science. Dr Grandin’s keynote presentation on opening day of the Women in Agribusiness Summit will focus on the importance of companies across the agricultural value chain adopting more transparent practices to earn consumer trust. Dr Applegate, the only woman on Bayer’s Executive Committee, will share the journey of her 25-year career in her keynote address: “Enjoying the Journey: How to Take Advantage of Opportunities, Big and Small” which will focus on how her long time career with Bayer continues to thrive.

Dr Mary Temple Grandin, Professor of animal science at Colorado State University

Dr Jacqueline Applegate, head of environmental science for CropScience, a division of Bayer

She will offer her first-hand experiences, observations and lessons that have been the foundation of her success. In addition, Dr Applegate will share why she continues to be passionate about the industry and why she’s excited for what the future holds for Bayer, particularly with the upcoming US$66 billion acquisition of Monsanto. Since joining Bayer, Dr Applegate has held positions of increasing responsibility, particularly in the Bayer CropScience subgroup, in North America, Europe and Asia/Pacific. She has held several executive positions, including president of the North American Environmental Science business (2010), head of Global Portfolio Management (2005), and president of Bayer Advanced Consumer Lawn & Garden USA (2007). Subsequently, she held executive positions with Bayer CropScience in Australia and New Zealand. Joy O’Shaughnessy, WIA managing director commented, “We are honoured to feature two such accomplished professionals, who are recognised globally for their achievements and perseverance in affecting positive change in the agricultural space.” She continued, “They are examples of what is possible when one is passionate and determined, a testament to the qualities we see again and again in the attendees at our Women in Agribusiness Summit.” More than 600 attendees are expected at the Women in Agribusiness Summit, representing as many as 39 US states and more than 200 agricultural companies.

Women in Agribusiness Summit . SEPTEMBER 24-26, 2018, DENVER, USA Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 109


REGISTER FOR GEAPS EXCHANGE 2018 TODAY! • Find solutions in the Expo Hall

• Network with grain industry professionals • Learn about the latest trends and technologies GEAPS Exchange features over 380 exhibitors, nearly 40 hours of educational programming and networking events with peers across the industry. conferences@geaps.com | (763) 999-4300 | geaps.com/Exchange GEAPS Exchange 2018 | March 24-27 | Colorado Convention Center | Denver, Co.


Asia’s largest grain processing and rice milling technology event Visit VICTAM Asia 2018 to learn the latest on grain processing and rice milling technology. Meet over 200 exhibitors and make the most of your time by using our business match-making program.  What’s on show at VICTAM Asia 2018? • Rice milling and sorting technology • Flour milling technology • Flakers, extruders • Grain processing systems • Additives  Visitor profiles • Mill managers • Food processors/producers • Plant managers • Directors  From which companies? • Rice and flour mills • Food processing plants • Grain processing plants • Grain storage facilities • Noodle plants • Pasta plants • Snack producers • Cereal processors  Industry related conference • GRAPAS and Global Milling Asia 2018 Conference

 Supported by • The Feedstuff Users Promotion Association • Thai Feed Mill Association • The Animal Husbandry Association of Thailand • Animal Health Products Association • Department of Fisheries • Ministry of Industry • The Thai Chamber of Commerce • Thailand Convention and Exhibition Bureau  Organized by Victam International BV, PO Box 197, 3860 AD Nijkerk, The Netherlands T: +31 (0)33 246 4404 F: +31 (0)33 246 4706 E: expo@victam.com Visit our website: www.victam-asia.com See Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+ or scan QR code


Industry events

VIV MEA 2018 Full of value for regional animal protein providers February 5-7, 2018, VIV MEA 2018 took place. The regional animal proteins business event occurred in Abu Dhabi. "Abu Dhabi and the Middle East will become the centre for VIV" - says Ton Otten, Managing Director, VNU Exhibitions, from The Netherlands which operates VIV exhibitions worldwide following its successful hosting of the second VIV Middle East and Africa 2018 show earlier this month. Feed equipment, feed ingredients and additives and feed-related products, where clearly evident in this year’s exhibitor line-up of international and regional suppliers serving the animal protein businesses throughout an area extending from the Middle East and Africa to Iran and countries around the Indian sub-continent. Added value for visitors came in the form of a series of regionally focused conferences and seminars, including a shortcourse on aquafeed extrustion. The comprehensive programme that focused on poultry, had been assembled by exhibition organiser VNU working closely with their partners in the industry and were devised to relate specifically to the region’s forward-thinking operators in poultry, dairy and aquaculture sectors. The conference programme (www.vivmea.nl) lists over 40 separate presentations in daily agenda from Monday February 5, through to Wednesday February 7, 2018. To give just two or three examples, the choice of topics included poultry disease issues in the Middle East, nutritional challenges in hot climates and the emergence of India’s animal health industry. All conferences were located in the same venue as the trade fair, within the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (ADNEC). Among associated special seminars was a full day, organised by Global Dairy Farmers and the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture under the title of ‘DairyTech Middle East & Africa’. Aquafeed Extrusion was a one-day short course on the first day 112 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

Aquafeed Extrustion short course

Roger Gilbert with Sjo Zwart of Aliphos Albert Arp, CEO Jaarbeurs


Industry events sponsored by International Aquafeed magazine and chaired by Dr Mian Riaz from Texas A&M University, USA. Some 45 participants heard about the current status of aquafeeds globally as well as the principles and practices of extrusion technology for this fast-growing sector. A further choice available to visitors was to take part in Dutch Poultry Centre seminars that focussed on innovations developed in The Netherlands for advancing production techniques in the poultry business internationally.

Exhibits from all sectors

Expanding into an extra hall at ADNEC, VIV MEA 2018 added approximately 25 percent to its exhibition area, compared with the inaugural edition in 2016. On the latest figures there were 360 exhibitors and they originated from over 40 countries. An approximate breakdown of exhibit types by sector reveals almost 300 related to poultry, about 210 referred to dairy in particular or cattle in general, with around 70 stand-holders offering products or services for aquaculture operations. Most represented among the product types was feed ingredients

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Emiel Schoutsen of VAV

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Nizar Mahmoud of ORFFA Kurt Van de Mierop of Nutrex

Elena Geremia of VIV Worldwide

114 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

Dieter Rohlf of Andritz


and additives, on nearly 80 stands. Animal health items were presented by 40 exhibitors, closely matched by the numbers offering products and services either for farm production or for processing and handling. Other areas receiving considerable coverage were breeding/hatching and the manufacture of mixed feeds. Quite apart from the business value of VIV MEA 2018, visitors had the opportunity to look round the GFIA show that was colocated in neighbouring halls at the ADNEC site. GFIA, signifies the Global Forum for Innovations in Agriculture, innovative and sustainable technologies relating to food production. VIV MEA registered visitors could use their badge to enter the GFIA show free of charge.

Making visiting easier

Everyone visiting VIV MEA 2018 enjoyed the ‘Abu Dhabi experience’. This capital of the United Arab Emirates and regional centre an be reached easily by air both locally and internationally through an airport that is only 20 minutes by road from the ADNEC exhibitions complex. Points of interest in the visually stunning modern city which includes the newly opened Louvre Abu Dhabi and its array of art treasures within architecture combining French design with Arabic heritage and the oasis of Al Ain, opened to the public in 2016 as the first World Heritage Site in the Emirates. For the first time VIV offered a ‘tandem badge’ solution to visitors. To facilitate Middle Eastern and African professionals’ registrations to VIV Europe (the World Expo from Feed to Food which takes place in The Netherlands from June 20-22, 2018), all VIV MEA visitor badges functioned as a ‘tandem badge’ to

Double Shaft Paddle Mixers (DPMA) The Wynveen double shaft paddle mixers, realizes high mixing capacity with a relative small mixer content. The mixer has a mixing time, depending on the product type and quantity, from 30 to 60 seconds. Features • Capacities available from 500 to 20.000 liters • Mixing accuracy of 1:100.000/C.V. < 5% • Short mixing time of approximately 30-60 seconds • Minimum filling degree will be 25% of the nominal content • Extra wide bomb doors.

www.wynveen.com Milling and Grain - February 2018 | 115


register for VIV Europe from the venue in Abu Dhabi! The VIV MEA Tandem badge doubles the business opportunities for MENA professionals of the feed to food supply chain to grow their business not only in the MENA region at VIV MEA, but also in the world at VIV Europe. In total, VIV MEA 2018 covered more than 7500 square metres in Halls 5, 6, 7 and 8 at ADNEC. The show layout was by sectors with Hall 7, the largest individual hall, for usage houses exhibits on feed manufacturing and ingredients.

Worldwide network

VIV worldwide is the business network linking professionals from feed to food. The combination of VIV trade shows, VIV online 24/7 and VIV trade summits shapes a unique platform that offers opportunities to animal protein supply chain players. Started in The Netherlands, VIV developed a worldwide network through 40 years of experience and interactions with the industry, becoming today a leading platform in some of the most promising markets of the world. VIV announced in Abu Dhabi that it will host the 6th Global Feed & Food Congress (GFFC) at VIV Asia from March 11-13, 2019 in Bangkok Thailand. The GFFC will be held for the first time ever in the ASEAN region, and will bring together leaders from the global feed and food. Organised by the International Feed Industry Federation, with technical support provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and in collaboration with VIV Worldwide, the GFFC has established itself as the leading global event of its kind.

Jean Fontaine of Jefo

Bashir Omar and colleague of Van Aarsen

VIV worldwide Calendar:

• VIV MEA 2018, Abu Dhabi, February 5-7 • VIV Europe 2018, Jaarbeurs-Utrecht (30 minutes from Amsterdam), June 20-22 • VIV China 2018, Nanjing, September 17-19 • VIV Asia 2019, Bangkok, March 13-15 INCLUDING THE GRAPAS INNOVATION AWARD

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A ONE-DAY CONFERENCE FOR MILLERS OF FOOD, FLOUR & RICE 3 SESSIONS - ACHIEVING GREAT SYNERGIES BETWEEN MILLING SECTORS

bit.ly/grapas 116 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


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To be included into the Market Place, please contact Tom Blacker +44 1242 267700 - tomb@perendale.co.uk

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+1 204 233 7133

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VAV +31 71 4023701

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+1 450 799 2000

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Extruders

Famsun (Muyang)

Almex

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+49 36921 980

+612 9771 5444

www.petkus.com

www.nextinstruments.net

Level measurement BinMaster Level Controls +1 402 434 9102 www.binmaster.com FineTek Co., Ltd +886 2226 96789

+1 519 627 8228

www.fine-tek.com

Loading/un-loading equipment

Petkus

Golfetto Sangati

+49 36921 980

+39 0422 476 700

www.petkus.com

www.golfettosangati.com

Sukup Europe

Neuero Industrietechnik

+45 75685311

+49 5422 95030

www.sukup-eu.com

www.ottevanger.com

Yemmak

Lambton Conveyor www.lambtonconveyor.com

+31 79 593 22 21

www.neuero.de

Packaging Cetec Industrie +33 5 53 02 85 00 www.cetec.net Imeco +39 0372 496826 www.imeco.org Mondi Group +43 1 79013 4917 www.mondigroup.com Peter Marsh Group +44 151 9221971 www.petermarsh.co.uk

119 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


TMI

IMAS - Milleral

Silo Construction Engineers

+34 973 25 70 98

+90 332 2390141

+32 51723128

www.tmipal.com

www.milleral.com

www.sce.be

Ocrim

Silos Cordoba

+39 0372 4011

+34 957 325 165

www.ocrim.com

www.siloscordoba.com

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN)

Sukup

Palletisers Cetec Industrie +33 5 53 02 85 00 www.cetec.net Imeco +39 0372 496826 www.imeco.org TMI +34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Pellet Press Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN)

Top Silo Constructions (TSC)

Tanis

+31 543 473 979

+90342337222

www.tsc-silos.com

www.tanis.com.tr

Westeel

Agromatic +41 55 2562100

Filip GmbH +49 5241 29330

Process control DSL Systems Ltd +44 115 9813700 www.dsl-systems.com

+44 844 583 2134 www.safemilling.co.uk

Rolls

+45 6481 2000 www.supertechagroline.com

Training Bühler AG

Sifters

www.zhengchang.com/eng

Safe Milling

Supertech Agroline

REMBE GmbH www.rembe.com

www.granulatory.com/en

+31 543 49 44 66 www.inteqnion.com

Safety equipment

Plant

+48 52 303 40 20

Inteqnion

www.vibrafloor.com

+49 2961 740 50

Nawrocki Pelleting Technology

www.dol-sensors.com

+33 3 85 44 06 78

www.rentokil.co.uk

www.inteqnion.com

+45 721 755 55

Vibrafloor

www.detia-degesch.de

+31 543 49 44 66

Dol Sensors

Reclaim System

+49 6201 708 401

Inteqnion

www.agromatic.com

www.balaguer-rolls.com

Detia Degesch GmbH

+86 2164184200

www.westeel.com

Temperature monitoring

+34 965564075

www.yemmak.com

Zheng Chang

+1 204 233 7133

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

+90 266 7338363

+44 0800 917 1987

www.symaga.com

www.petkus.com

Roll fluting

Yemmak

Rentokil Pest Control

+34 91 726 43 04

+49 36921 980

www.unormak.com.tr

Viteral

Pest control

Symaga

Petkus

+90 332 2391016

www.ptn.nl

http://viteral.com.tr

www.sukup.com

www.ptn.nl

Unormak

+3 73 54 984 72

+90 332 239 01 41

+1 641 892 4222

+3 73 54 984 72

+41 71 955 11 11 www.buhlergroup.com

www.filip-gmbh.com

IAOM

Petkus

+1 913 338 3377

+49 36921 980

www.iaom.info

www.petkus.com

Silos

IFF +495307 92220

Bentall Rowlands +44 1724 282828 www.bentallrowlands.com Chief Industries UK Ltd

www.iff-braunschweig.de Kansas State University +1 785 532 6161 www.grains.k-state.edu

+44 1621 868944 www.chief.co.uk CSI +90 322 428 3350

nabim +44 2074 932521 www.nabim.org.uk

www.cukurovasilo.com

Ocrim

Entil

J-System

+39 0372 4011

+90 222 237 57 46

info@jsystemllc.com

www.entil.com.tr

www.jsystemllc.com

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

Lambton Conveyor

+34 965564075 www.balaguer-rolls.com Leonhard Breitenbach +49 271 3758 0 www.breitenbach.de

Roller mills Alapala +90 212 465 60 40 www.alapala.com

www.ocrim.com

Weighing equipment

+1 519 627 8228

Imeco

www.lambtonconveyor.com

+39 0372 496826

MYSILO +90 382 266 2245 www.mysilo.com Obial +90 382 2662120 www.obial.com.tr

www.imeco.org TMI +34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Yeast products

Genç Degirmen

Petkus

Leiber GmbH

+90 444 0894

+49 36921 980

+49 5461 93030

www.gencdegirmen.com.tr

www.petkus.com

www.leibergmbh.de

120 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


the interview

Greg Liu

Mr Greg Liu, President of International Business Development, FAMSUN Famsun is an integrated solution provider of plants, equipment and services in the farm-to-table industry chain. It has said its global ability and experience in turnkey project delivery in feed milling, grain logistics and processing, steel structure building as well as industrial automation has helped customers succeed in their respective markets.

Can you tell us a little bit about Famsun?

For half a century, Famsun has always been focusing on promoting the sustainable development of agriculture and animal husbandry industries. We always think that food safety begins with feed safety. As a basic industry, agriculture and animal husbandry play a crucial role in the development of the country’s economy. For many years, we have been always focusing on feed and related industries, researching food processing and technology persistently. So that we can provide customers with feed, farming, oil and other specialised food solutions, promote the development of feed, food and even the green food industry.

How has the Government supported the industry and how has that impacted food production in China?

China is one of the largest food importers in the world. As the economy develops, the living standards of the Chinese people have risen. In general, the food situation in China has seen a marked period of change. The overall contradiction has changed from deficit to a structural one. The root problem lies in the structural imbalance between supply and demand. As we can see from the perspective of consumption, the demand for grain consumption has been accelerated and the demand for organic grain and oil products has been booming. However, the gap is still huge. The food quality and safety system from the field to the table is still not perfect. The reform of China’s grain industry is facing a glorious alteration, from ‘eating enough’ to ‘eating well’. Under the overall stability of grain production, the Chinese government actively promotes the reform of the grain industry, proposes to develop the economy of the grain industry, resolves the structural contradictions by the means of reforming, and promoting the improvement of quality and even efficiency intensive operations, reducing costs, achieving sustainable development. With the continuous improvement of the grain market mechanism, the grain harvest has greatly improved its circulation capacity and provided a relaxed environment for grain production year after year so as to promote the development of the grain processing industry. At the same time, many food enterprises in China are actively promoting branding and intensive development. They have also explored the establishment of ‘cost effective’ food processing and circulation mechanism to meet the growing demand for high-end grain consumption and guide the market to adjust the grain variety structure while actively expanding international markets, improve the ability to coordinate domestic and international resource markets and then establish a safe, stable and sustainable global food supply system.

What is the future for feed in China?

The future of feed in China is facing many challenges. Whether it is because of the shortage of protein resources, the environmental and climatic problems, the safety of food and feed, the problem of organic integration with the

122 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain

Internet. Famsun is now working with our global partners together to address these challenges. We also share our solutions with our customers, such as intelligence, IOT application research. Famsun is always concerning about the digital technology in the production process and product traceability applications. At present, the Chinese feed market is in the process of continuous integration. Some feed companies are already actively or passively getting close to capacity. Some inefficient enterprises have even stopped or converted their products, which can helps to improve the overall efficiency of the industry. In the future, Chinese feed enterprises will pay more attention to the industrialisation of ‘intelligent’ and ‘intensive’ industries. In the meantime, due to the factors such as the unsustainability of traditional animal feed protein production and the application of Internet, the future’s alternative protein sources research, as well as food and feed safety, digital applications and other issues will be highly valued.

What does “Belt and Road Initiative” mean for the Chinese feed industry?

Chinese government’s ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ construction not only provides strategic support to China’s feed industry, but also to the global agricultural development. The Chinese government encourages the implementation of new types in international agricultural cooperation. In addition to promote the commercial investment, it will also promote strategic cooperation and support of agriculture in the developing countries and promote resource-rich developing countries’ ability to increase agriculture production. Alleviate the global food and feed safety and the shortage of protein resources and other issues deeply. Then promote the establishment of a strategic agricultural trade partnership around the world. Today, Famsun is determined to join hands with the developing countries as a global leader in agricultural machinery manufacturing and engineering services. In Africa, we have established production bases, increased the local employment and peasants’ income and helped more hungry children. In the southeast of Asia, we trained the local people and established the breeding bases, improved the storage conditions of local rice and designed micro-production loan systems for local people to sow the seeds of hope for them. Along the ‘The one Belt and one Road’, we provide comprehensive support to local partners with equipment, services and finance, which greatly promoted the level of local agriculture and animal husbandry. We believe that with the far-reaching influence of China’s ‘The one Belt and one Road’ policy, more and more countries will participate in the future and build a win-win global value chain through resources complementarity, capacity cooperation, market mutual benefits and then truly achieve global agriculture sustainable development.


PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES Providing support for Pacific Northwest customer base

D Dave Link

ave Link has been announced by Kice as a new Regional Sales Manager. In this role, Mr Link will be responsible for the oversight of sales throughout the Pacific Northwest territory, providing support for this customer base for the product lines offered by Kice.

Mr Link is a graduate of The University of Wisconsin. He joins Kice from EMW Industrial, a Canadian Maintenance/Service company, where he was CEO. Prior to that Dave spent 27 years in the Cargill organisation where he held a variety of operational and leadership roles.

Syngenta appoints Chief Sustainability Officer

A

lexandra Brand, previously Regional Director for Europe, Africa and Middle East, has been appointed the new position of Chief Sustainability Officer (CSO). As CSO, Brand will report directly to CEO Erik Fyrwald.

Alexandra Brand will lead the newly created Business Sustainability Group to evolve existing sustainability initiatives including The Good Growth Plan and to drive forward the company’s sustainability agenda.

Alexandra Brand

She commented, “The technology we bring to farmers can help them safely feed the world and take care of our planet – this includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions, water consumption and soil conservation.”

Dr Anna Zhenchuk succeeds Dr Simone K. Frey as BioAnalyt’s Managing Director

A

fter more than eight years at BioAnalyt, Simone K. Frey has decided to leave BioAnalyt to pursue her entrepreneurial and venture capital activities. Since Dr Anna Zhenchuk joined BioAnalyt in 2012 as Technical Director, she has developed new products and provided hands-on support to customers in over 30 countries.

Dr Anna Zhenchuk

Starting January 2018, she is taking over the role as managing director. Anna has a background in biotechnology as well as business administration and has lived in six countries. In her new role, she is excited to continue BioAnalyt’s vision, backed by a committed team: Democratising nutritional testing and driving transparency in food and nutrition.

Technical Sales Manager Swine and Poultry in Mexico

J

uan Carlos Bello has been appointed as Technical Sales Manager Swine and Poultry in Mexico. The local Nutriad team is based out of Irapuato (Guanajuato) and covers Mexico and Central America.

Juan Carlos Bello

Mr Bello holds a veterinarian degree and an Agro Business Administration Degree from Escuela Superior de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia in the State of Puebla. He also holds a degree in Poultry Production from the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), and a Master in Finance from Instituto de Estudios Universitarios in Puebla City.

Nutriad appoints Sales Manager Benelux

M

r Siep Raap has been appointed for Nutriad as Sales Manager, Benelux. Mr Raap who has wide ranging experience in the feed and feed additive sectors will be based in Holland and be responsible for supporting Nutriad’s customers and business partners and bringing Nutriad’s innovative products and services to the market.

Siep Raap

Commenting on this latest Nutriad appointment Simon Martyn, Regional Director EMEA commented, “We are delighted that Siep is joining our growing global commercial and technical team and look forward his contribution to our continuing business growth strategy in these important markets.”

124 | February 2018 - Milling and Grain


Innovative solutions for global challenges. World´s population and therefore the demand for food is increasing. Every year, millions of tons of grain are collected, stored and handled around the globe – and the upward trend is unbroken. Only the most up-to-date plant and equipment can guarantee rapidity and quality while minimizing raw material losses. In order to meet the increasingly stringent challenges, Bühler Grain Quality and Supply provides with its capabilities the best possible solutions – for conveying, cleaning, drying, storing, dedusting or loading and unloading the most important commodity on earth. Our contribution to feed the world - together with you! www.buhlergroup.com

Strong partner in your grain management.

Innovations for a better world.

FEB 2018 - Milling and Grain magazine  
FEB 2018 - Milling and Grain magazine