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In this issue:
Quality Control during shipping • Understanding flour • 15 years - 15 fortification champions
Milling and Grain . Volume 129 . Issue 01 . January 2018
• Challenges, solutions and future aims for feed safety and sustainability • Handling, storage, blending for animal feed • Fi Europe 2017
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VOLUME 129 ISSUE 01
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58 - Understanding flour “It’s not enough to improve flour.
New Zealand Marketing Team Peter Parker firstname.lastname@example.org Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 805 7781077 email@example.com Production Editor Zasha Whiteway-Wilkinson firstname.lastname@example.org International Editors Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi email@example.com Professor Wenbin Wu firstname.lastname@example.org Design Manager James Taylor email@example.com Circulation & Events Tuti Tan firstname.lastname@example.org Development Manager Antoine Tanguy email@example.com
©Copyright 2018 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at www.perendale.com Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service
Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015
You have to understand it.”
50 15 years - 15 fortification champions
54 Hidden Hunger 58 Understanding flour 62 Effect of digestfast on monogastric species diets
66 Improving quality whilst reducing antibiotic growth promoters 70 Challenges, solutions and future aims for feed safety and sustainability
PRODUCT FOCUS CASE STUDY
80 Quality Control during shipping
72 Agriculture opportunities for UK companies in Ukraine
96 Reduce postharvest losses with safe and effective grain bin storage solutions
100 Handling, storage, blending for animal feed
76 Japanese sake
132 People news from the global milling industry
110 Event listings, reviews and previews
44 Bringing Egyptians for grain market training
12 Mildred Cookson 16 Raghavan Sampathkumar 27 Tom Blacker 30 Clifford Spener 38 Chris Jackson
4 GUEST EDITOR Per Larsson
106 MARKETS Zasha Whiteway-Wilkinson
130 INTERVIEW Mildred Cookson
COVER IMAGE: MoldCid, a blend of active substances made by Dr Eckel Animal Nutrition, protects raw materials and feed against spoilage caused by mould, yeast and pathogenic bacterial growth – an important asset in shipment and storage management - see more on page 80
ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS FORTIFICATION 15 years - 15 fortification champions
Currently, 87 countries have mandates that require wheat flour, maize flour, and/or rice to be fortified with iron or folic acid.
FEED BIOFORTIFICATION Hidden Hunger
Handling, storage, blending for animal feed
The threat of famine has made headlines in recent months, and these crises understandably focus the worldâ€™s attention on the need for a strong humanitarian response.
This article will describe what is necessary to set up a blending plant and how this plant can handle the fertiliser and animal feed based on storage of the products on the floor in boxes.
FLOUR Understanding flour
Within the flour industry there are many companies that really take the steps necessary to put the craft at the forefront of flour and food production.
POST HARVEST Reduce post-harvest losses with safe and effective grain bin storage solutions
Excessive moisture, high temperature, and poor grain condition (insects or damaged kernels) are generally considered the most important factors that lead to problems with stored grain. Reducing poverty and increasing food security cannot be attained if farmers are unable to safely and efficiently store grains and sell surplus production at attractive prices. These issues can easily be addressed by proper grain storage and management.
Effect of inclusion of emulsifier digestfast on monogastric species diets
Quality Control during shipping
Niku Moussavi Biuki from Dr Eckel, the specialist feed additive company, insightfully explains the importance of assessing and evaluating the critical points in shipments to Southeast Asia. He outlays the studies performed by Dr Eckel in analysing climate conditions during oversea shipments, in the incredibly important process of transporting feed additives amongst other powdered goods.
Sake rice (preferred rice for brewing sake) has external characteristics such as larger grain than regular short grain rice, larger Shinpaku (opaque area) at its belly, and a shallower surface groove.
Reducing the usage of antibiotics in broiler farming is a relevant topic in the poultry nutrition sector.
SAKE A lesson in the processing technology of Japanese sake
POULTRY TRIAL Improving quality whilst reducing antibiotic growth promoters
Current demand for improvements in production performance (feed conversion rate, average daily gain, speed of growth, etc.) in animal production implies very high needs for metabolisable energy. These needs can only be met with the contribution of fat in the diet.
Designing highly efficient grain handling facilities and caring for the environment Since our business is to supply state-of-the-art solutions for the world’s most important business, I would like to take this opportunity to share how we at Tornum feel about the latest global trends in grain handling. Let us begin by identifying a trend that is beyond all trends: caring for the environment, which is a reality we all need to relate to. Looking at a typical grain handling facility, there are several potential areas for big – and profitable – improvements on environmental impact, including the safety standards of the workplace environment. Grain dryers consume substantial amounts of energy – but the overall efficiency differs significantly depending on the design of the dryer in question. As an example, our heat recovery dryers can, under favourable ambient conditions, reduce the energy consumption and the carbon footprint by up to 30 percent compared to traditional designs. Natural gas is probably the most common heat source for dryers, but there are better solutions available. A good example is hot water radiators inside the dryer, heated by biomass fuel for a carbon neutral drying process. We actually use a similar system for our offices and our factory, with excellent results. Drying to moisture levels below market requirements ‘just to make sure’ is a common sight, which causes unnecessary weight and revenue losses as well as wasting energy. Taking the guesswork out of the equation offers a huge potential for savings. Sophisticated dryer control systems like Tornum’s IDC make sure that your grain is correctly dried every time, resulting in lower energy bills, less emissions and fewer man hours needed to monitor the process. Dust emissions are often neglected, which is a dangerous practice. Dust explosions do occur from time to time, and by minimising the dust you also greatly reduce any health impact on your work force – including surrounding areas. Varying particle sizes present a problem, but a reduction of 95–99 percent is
actually possible with today’s technology. In my experience, concentrating on eliminating dust from the dryer itself yields the best results, using separation fans or, preferably, a centriklon system. Then you can evaluate the need for further dust separation efforts around elevators, conveyors and unloading areas. Entering a grain filled silo should always be avoided. Tragic accidents happen regularly, usually when servicing sweep augers, despite the fact that alternative solutions for unloading using air only are available. In addition to minimising the need to enter confined spaces, these low maintenance systems also offer high quality aeration. Grain is our food, and we should not allow anything to happen to it that could cause health issues for the consumer. But sustainability is not just about wholesome food – it also means that we should not allow grain to be wasted. Grain is a living material and needs to be carefully managed throughout the storage period. Controlling the moisture content and temperature is an absolute necessity – but using ambient air for aeration only goes so far. Way too often, we see grain going out of condition where using artificially cooled air would have solved the problem. Regardless of the type of equipment, good grain management is absolutely essential. At the latest Agritechnica show, the trend towards management apps was very noticeable. New technologies develop at a faster pace than ever before and practices that have worked well for years will not be good enough anymore. In my opinion, we all need to open our minds and embrace the new possibilities to stay competitive. To sum things up, the digital age with the “Internet of Things” offers a great potential for the grain handling industry. Already you can monitor and adjust the drying process via your smart phone or laptop remotely. But I am totally convinced that what we see today is just the beginning of a new era for the world’s most important business – resulting in grain handling facilities all over the world showing vastly improved efficiency, sustainability and, as a result, sustained profitability. Per Larsson, CEO Tornum AB, Sweden
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Turkish Editor, Milling and Grain Magazine
ehmet Uğur Gürkaynak has been announced as the official Editor of the Turkish Milling and Grain edition magazine. Mr Gürkaynak graduated from a background in Public Relations and Marketing and has 20 years experience in foreign trade, sales and marketing experience in different companies as Sales and Marketing or Foreign Trade Manager. He is multilingual, having proficiencies in knowledge of English and German. He has worked in the sector of flour and feed milling, oilseed, chocolate and coffee industries for the last 12 years by selling machinery spare parts, he has also visited 52 countries in different continents and most of them several times. These business trips gave him the opportunity to monitor the international markets, doing market research and study customers purchasing behaviours surrounding many different cultures. He is sharing his experiences via writing articles and seminars. Mr Gürkaynak lists his competencies as: Sales and marketing, customer relation management, public relations, market research and writing and training. Working with Milling and Grain he will represent the magazine and her sister publications and home publishing house in Turkey and on his various business trips. He also oversees the translation of the magazine in Turkish on a bimonthly basis. Milling and Grain magazine is a publication catering for the global feed and food milling industries, the magazine was first published in 1891 and is currently translated into five languages other than English; Turkish, Spanish, Arabic, French and Chinese. 6 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
Innovative initiatives setting the pace for 2018. Hello and welcome to our first Milling and Grain magazine of 2018. Our team has worked hard to put together an issue you’ll love, starting the year how we mean to go on. We’ve got some exciting things happening this year, which you can be sure to look out for in upcoming issues. Not least of all is GRAPAS, the one-day conference held during the Victam Asia 2018 exhibition in Bangkok, Thailand on the opening day, March 27, 2018. GRAPAS is Milling and Grain’s ‘one-stop shop’ as the miller’s conference of the year. With a number of highly respected speakers from multiple sectors in the milling industry, as well as the Innovation Awards and a dinner, there will be something for everyone. It will be a fantastic opportunity to network with other millers and faces from the industry, go to page 114 for more information. Another exciting opportunity for Milling and Grain is that our sister magazine International Aquafeed will be translated into Norwegian for the first time this month. This will mean that the magazine can take further steps in securing our place as a global publication, meeting readers demands in areas of intensive fish farming. International Aquafeed is already translated into Chinese and Spanish, but this recent addition will open up some fantastic doorways into the huge technology market in Norway, a key country supporting salmon aquaculture globally. Late last year our publisher Roger Gilbert and Events Manager Tuti Tan visited China for multiple industry visits, discussing Milling and Grain and China’s relationship throughout 2018, during that visit they interviewed Mr Tianming Fan, the General Manager at FAMSUN (formally Muyang Holdings Ltd). The interview looks at the position the company takes in the race for China to hold the most influence in global agriculture output. This includes the upcoming ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ development, which will see close to a trillion US dollars being invested across the globe and impact some 50-plus countries throughout Central, Southern and Western Asia through to Easter Europe and as far south as Eastern Africa. As the Guardian newspaper locally put it, “The US$900bn question is: What is the Belt and Road initiative?” We will address this issue throughout 2018 as it impacts the milling sector. In brief, the initiative is based on train and shipping connections for industry and commerce. It aims to vastly boost trade and stimulate economic growth across Asia and beyond. This will be done by building immense amounts of infrastructure connecting China to countries around the globe. Some estimates report that China plans to put US$150bn into projects such as these each year. Already China can transport, by train, equipment into Europe in just over 14 days! The Guardian tells us, “There are plans for pipelines and a port in Pakistan, bridges in Bangladesh and railways to Russia – all with the aim of creating what China calls “A Modern Silk Road” trading route that Beijing believes will kick start “a new era of globalisation.” The project has two main prongs, one is called the “Silk Road Economic Belt” (the Belt), and the other is called the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road” (the road). Alternatively to what the name might suggest, the ‘road’ is not a road but rather a sea route linking China’s southern coast to east Africa and the Mediterranean. The ‘belt’ is a series of overland rail corridors connecting China with Europe, via Central Asia and the Middle East. Only time will tell where these initiatives and directions will take us, but one thing is for sure, it is through enterprises such as these that will really take our industry in the direction it needs to go for utmost growth, moving technology to where it is needed and setting smart and sustainable goals for a number of countries that are struggling to keep pace with food industry developments.
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CLFMA applauds the Government’s national action plans on feed and livestock sectors
ecently, the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying, and Fisheries (DADF) under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India, released “National Action Plans” focusing on various sub-sectors of India’s dynamic livestock industry. These documents provide in-depth insights on each sub-sector such as poultry and egg; feed and fodder; and also sheep, goat and pig meats with a comprehensive roadmap to double farmers’ incomes by 2022. Mr B Soundararajan, Chairman of CLFMA, the apex industry association representing India’s livestock and meat sectors commented, “For doubling farmers’ incomes, livestock sector is indispensable. These national action plans on feed and livestock sectors by the DADF are truly commendable efforts in the right direction. CLFMA whole heartedly welcomes the government’s proactive initiatives like these.” Mr Soundararajan termed them “quite extensive and holistic” roadmaps, he explained, “CLFMA represents the entire animal protein value chain and we are pleased to see such detail-oriented and comprehensive blueprints on each sub-sector. We find these documents aptly echoing and highlighting our key demands such as conducive policies for supporting entrepreneurship, skill building, investing in technology and cold chain infrastructure, promoting awareness on good farming practices etc.” Citing that poultry, egg and dairy sectors were given
Future common agricultural policy
EFAC fully supports the call from Copa-Cogeca for a strong, competitive, market-oriented CAP with common and simple rules across the EU following the European Commission publication on The Future of Food & Farming Communication, outlining the challenges and opportunities of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) post 2020. FEFAC welcomes in principle the EU Commission’s intention to take a pragmatic approach and apply more flexibility taking into account the diversity of EU agriculture. FEFAC members, however, share concerns about potentially unintended consequences which could give rise to market distortions and jeopardise the level playing field between Member States. In FEFAC’s view, the European Commission needs to strengthen its role as guardian of the Treaty, thus preventing a further widening of the scope for national derogations and exemptions which could undermine the CAP. FEFAC recalls its preliminary position on the CAP post 2020 which called for a rebalanced CAP strengthening the economic viability of the EU livestock sector. They welcome
8 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
greater emphasis in the action plans; he applauded the government’s drive towards enhancing farmers’ profits. He remarked, “India’s promising dairy sector needs more initiatives like Fodder & Feed Security Program – 2022 to transform itself to meet the fast growing demand for milk and milk products. We fully endorse the government’s view that availability, quality and affordability of fodder and concentrates are essential for improving productivity of milch animals.” He also acknowledged that the action plan on egg and poultry addresses many critical issues including feed raw materials, technology and mechanisation. He quoted, “Feed accounts for more than two-thirds of the production cost of chicken meat. Hence we fully endorse the government’s keen focus on ensuring availability, prices and quality of these raw materials such as maize and soybean. Similarly, India’s poultry sector has evolved and is fully ready for technology up gradation.” On the livestock sector’s contribution towards food and nutrition security, Soundararajan pointed out that, “It is a shared responsibility and CLFMA is committed to work with all the industry stakeholders including government, for effective implementation of these action plans.” Reflecting upon what else would help propel the industry’s growth, he opined there are a few issues that are to be addressed on priority, “Quality feed is the necessary prerequisite to improve animal productivity particularly in dairy and its affordability is absolutely critical here. However, currently oil seeds and oil meals attract five percent GST, which adds to the overall cost of production of scientifically manufactured compound feed.” He further added that exempting both will help make compound feed more affordable and remarked “ultimately farmers will get benefitted as animal productivity improves significantly with the use of balanced and nutritious feed.”
the overall orientation in the CAP Communication to favour more sustainable and environmentally-friendly farming methods in the future CAP, which will enable farmers to meet the commitments to the Sustainable Developments Goals and the COP21 climate change objectives. To this end, FEFAC calls for more publicly funded research, including animal nutrition science projects, to further reduce livestock-related GHG emissions while identifying effective mitigation strategies. The European feed industry has heavily invested in a common methodology at EU and global level (PEFCR for feed & GFLI Feed LCA database project) to measure the environmental performance of feed production and is ready to provide assistance to livestock farmers to reduce their environmental footprint while improving animal performance and resource efficiency. In addition, the organisation is also committed to support the European Commission in the development of the new European Protein Plan, expected by the end of 2018. FEFAC recommends to EU policymakers to take a fully comprehensive approach that covers the strategic need to maintain market access to highly concentrated protein sources which are essential to promote sustainable feeding strategies in Europe.
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We have assisted and advised on both Turn Key Plants and the upgrading of existing plants, installing future proof automation systems that allow for remote support with detailed network diagnostics.
Contract services from raw materials to packaging
t Food Ingredients Europe 2017, the contract manufacturer SternMaid demonstrated its expertise in blending, optimising and filling food ingredients and food supplements in powder form. The company is in an excellent position to carry out customer orders of this kind and subsequently fill the powders into a wide range of retail packs. The focus this year was on the new option of filling products into stand-up pouches. Besides its technical solutions, SternMaid also presented its wide spectrum of services. Premixes, trial blends or sensitive applications – when it comes to compounding powders, the company has comprehensive know-how and the latest technical equipment at its disposal. Moreover, the contract manufacturer offers the entire service chain, including purchase of the raw waterials, packaging, warehousing and delivery – all from one source. Customers can either take advantage of the whole package or choose individual modules, according to their needs. SternMaid invested in a Doypack line at the beginning of this year. That means
the co-packing service provider can now fill products like dry beverage bases, superfoods, dietetic drinks in powder form or products for athletes into ready-made stand-up pouches, with or without a zipper, and three- or four-edge seal bags. Besides retail packs, industrial containers such as sacks, fibreboard boxes, drums or FIBCs can be filled, too. For contract blending, the company has three lines for small and medium-size orders between 100 and 10,000 kg and four other lines for large quantities over 10 tonnes. Allergen-free foods and other sensitive products can be processed on a counter-current container blending line in a separate section of the plant. Moreover, liquid components can be sprayed onto the powder homogenously on all the lines through special nozzles. Flavourings, oils and emulsifiers and even highly viscous liquids can be dispersed evenly in this way. The company can use fluid bed technology to manufacture products that have excellent tabletting properties, optimal protection against outside influences, good flow properties, precisely defined solubility or very even particle sizes, depending on the customer’s requirements. For example, powder mixtures can be modified by agglomeration to produce dust-free, optimally portionable products for drink dispensers or capsule machines.
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Lark Roller Mills (Parker Brothers Ltd)
The re-opening of the “Lark” roller mills Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK The Miller of December 2, 1901 reported on the re-opening of the Lark Roller Mills at Mildenhall in Suffolk, UK. These mills were the headquarters of the enterprising firm of Parker Brothers Ltd, and were erected on a favourable spot on the River Lark. The site was protected by an ancient manorial right, by virtue of which the old mill had the exclusive right to grind corn in the large parish of Mildenhall. Messrs Parker Brothers Limited was a private company with Joseph Parker, Luther CF Parker and W Ralph Dodd as directors and Ernest A Parker as secretary. The milling, malting and merchandising business ran two mills at Barton, one a stone mill and the other a roller mill, the water mill at Icklingham, and two at Mildenhall. The Lark Mill, having just been fitted out by the milling engineers ER&F Turner of Ipswich, was opened by Mrs Joseph Parker at the request of Mr Turner himself. Mr Parker then gave a short speech in which he explained that, after a great deal of consideration as to whom should be entrusted to do the proposed alterations and additions to the Lark Roller Mill, they had decided to place the work in the hands of Turners of Ipswich. The two roller mills could now deal with no less than 1,600 “coombs” of wheat a week 12 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
and it was their aim to supply the very best sack of flour it was possible to obtain. A coomb was a medieval Suffolk measure of approximately four bushels (140 litres), which was still in use locally well into the 20th century. Mr Turner in response said he had had considerable experience in introducing roller milling. He had spent considerable time setting up roller mills in various parts of the Continent where his firm first operated, before roller mills were much known in England. An inspection of the mill itself showed how everything was carefully planned, and how clean the machines and floors were. The two double sets of break rolls were said to be very imposing in appearance, and in company with six double sets of smooth rolls, made up a pretty picture as a roller mill floor. On the upper floor were the Turner purifiers, making perfectly pure stock that was being taken off right to the tail end of each machine. Local wheat was coming to the mill and in splendid condition, and this was evident in that every roll was quite cool, the stock well
Icklingham Water Mills (Parker Brothers Ltd)
Barton Mill (Parker Brothers Ltd)
dusted and the general workings showed most intelligent handling of the plant as a whole. The hoppers, spouts and elevators were provided with small glass windows to facilitate the constant observation that was evident everywhere on the part of those who had charge of the mill and the absence of noise and vibration was remarkable. The dusted middlings had just that kind of feel that was so appetising
to the practical man, and the quantity and quality of patent flour “resulted in great satisfaction”. It was noted that whenever it was necessary to have two feeds going to the same set of smooth rolls, they were remarkably alike in quality. All the rolls were fitted with exhaust trunks. The reels, sieves and centrifugals were of Turner’s well-known type and at the time were working without any seeming pull, strain
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Milling and Grain supports the aims and objectives of the Mills Archive Trust, based in Reading, England. The history of milling no matter where it has taken place - is being archived by the Trust. For well over 100 years milling technology has been global with many magazines serving or having served our industry from flour and food to feed and oilseed processing and now to fish feeds. A most recent contribution to the Trust’s collection is a complete century of past edition of the now out-of-print ‘NorthWestern Miller’ from the United States. We are proud to present here, front cover illustrations from this valued and longserving publication as a visual reminder of the importance contribution past magazines provided to our industry.
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Art in the Archive We are a charity that saves the world’s milling images and documents and makes them freely available for reference. We have more than two million records. We aim to cover the entire history of milling, from its ancient origins up to the present day. Find out what we have and how you can help us grow.
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Joseph and Ernest Parker
W Ralph Dodd and Luther CF Parker
or vibration. Double flour worms were also in evidence provided with abundant cut offs in order to meet all needs for the different qualities of finished products. Two turbines drove the mill itself with a handy little engine and boiler for auxiliaries, but as there was a good average supply of water there had been no occasion to use steam at all. The mill and premises were lit by electric light throughout and the building itself had a smart appearance, the floors were high, and consequently, the flow of the stock by gravitation did away with the need for a great amount of conveyors.
Background and historical notes
During the late 18th century the nature of milling changed. Up to this time a mill would serve its local area and small farmers brought their corn to the mill to be ground, the miller would then be paid by keeping a proportion of the flour that he produced from each milling. In the late 1700s the miller became pro-active in the process. He began to buy corn at the new Corn Exchanges for himself. He hoped to buy at lower prices and store some of his purchases until flour became scarce. Then he would mill it and sell the flour on the open market and make his profit that way. Mills also changed as the miller needed to store the corn he had bought. Thus mills grew another storey, and corn hoists were extended to lift corn up to the top floor for storage. Hopefully this was the driest part of a water mill, and the hardest for vermin to penetrate. Lark Mill had steam power introduced in 1868, and some time later the water wheel was replaced by water turbines. In 1887 the old wooden Lark mill was replaced by the large steam and
water driven roller mill illustrated here. Roy Silverlock noted that it was reported as “the most important event in the locality”, in Simpson’s Retrospect for 1887. Simpson was a Mildenhall printer and publisher. By 1890 it was called the Lark Roller Mills and run by Mr Owers, who retired in 1897. In 1897 Lark Mills were taken over by Parker Brothers, who already kept the mill at Barton Mills, and it would remain with that family until the late 20th century. In November, 1901 the expanding firm of Parker Brothers re-opened the Mildenhall Mill. The River Lark Navigation and all its rights were finally sold to Parker Brothers of Mildenhall on July 30, 1902. From 1919 to 1936 a dynamo driven by Parkers’ mill supplied electricity to parts of Mildenhall. In 1969 flour milling ceased at Lark Mills, and it went over to animal feedstuffs. By 1890 Icklingham Mill had an undershot waterwheel and a turbine. The waterwheel was 18 feet by five feet. In April 1893, Parker’s watermill at Icklingham was converted to use electric lighting. A generator was run off the waterwheel. It was the first flourmill in Suffolk to be lit by electricity. Parkers were also to rejuvenate a few local watermills by converting them to roller mills over the next few years. The geographical and historical spread of our holdings at the Mills Archive mean that I can only provide snapshots; if you would like to know more please email me at email@example.com.
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The Raghavan Report Asia’s Food Security – Asia’s policymaking process needs overhauling by Raghavan (‘Ragha’) Sampathkumar Extending further from the points that were discussed in the previous columns, training and capacity building aimed at reaching hundreds of millions of farmers mainly, smallholders in Asia is certainly a daunting task but certainly not an impossible one. Considering the enormous diversity in terms of cropping pattern, agro-climatic zones, landscapes, transport infrastructure such as roads, communication infrastructure including phone and internet penetration, cultural diversity, social norms, hierarchies, and so on, Asia truly is a complex place to do business. From the mammoth Alibaba to a local farmer in Vietnam who modifies his bi-cycle into a pesticide sprayer, Asia is one of the most happening places for innovations globally. The region is also hailed the engine of global economic growth for the next few decades. But, its food system remains highly vulnerable and primitive in terms of adoption of technology. But the region faces huge challenges to keep feeding the burgeoning population with affordable, quality and safe food against fast shrinking cultivable land, growing water scarcity and increase in negative environmental externalities. In this context, food and nutritional security for the over four billion people of the region can be achieved only through enhanced cooperation between the food chain stakeholders; necessary efficient and predictable regulatory framework; and a holistic and balanced approach for policy making that takes care not only of the current priorities but also future needs. To give an example, what is the use if farmers are trained on good agricultural practices and responsible use of inputs (chemicals, water, and fertilisers) but have no choice in terms of innovative technologies or products to use? They learn about new technologies but the policy and regulatory frameworks in a country do not approve the innovative products (e.g. a new chemical molecule that degrades faster and leaves less residues on food) or technologies including CRISPR and Genetic Engineering. This mismatch must be addressed through overhauling the policy and regulatory frameworks and making them insulated from unjustified claims and indiscriminate activism. Public perception had been awkwardly skewed against some truly innovative technologies that help enhance livelihoods of farmers and also benefit consumers. But these are blocked by continuous propaganda by unscrupulous elements disguised as activists who have vested interests, borrowed ideologies and free-flowing funds from people who do not have a speck of understanding about Asia and its agricultural sector. Similarly, policies related to food security are mostly focusing on a narrow-perspective of achieving it through increased domestic production as against leveraging the advantages of trade. There are still heavier roadblocks on food trade even within the region. Standards (e.g. MRLs for food products) and guidelines are far from being uniform to aid free flow of goods and services even within Asia. Again, indiscriminate and unjustifiable nationalistic policies do no good but push millions deep into poverty, hunger and malnutrition only to reverse any gains on these key socio-economic indicators made in the last few decades. Further, agricultural sector remains highly politically sensitive for it is the cause and also the victim of policies that are not based on scientific data and unbiased evidences. Some examples and possible solutions will be discussed in forthcoming columns. Raghavan Sampathkumar is a food and agribusiness leader with a 360 degree understanding of the complex Geo Political, Environmental, Socio Economic, Techno Commercial and Cultural perspectives of Agri Food value chain. He worked in various subsectors including agro inputs, international trade, biotech, and animal nutrition across Asia-Pacific and currently he is with Compound Livestock Feed Manufactures Association (CLFMA) of India as its Executive Director. He regularly writes for international publications on agri-food trends, food security and sustainability themes. Also, he pens his poems and thoughts in his personal blog - www.asmalltownkid.wordpress.com. 16 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
Improving immunity and animal performance
emin Industries recently organised a series of seminars to showcase its newly launched product Aleta in Asia Pacific. Dr Geoff Horst, research and development lead for Kemin and inventor of Aleta, was the key speaker for the presentations held in Thailand, Taiwan and Korea. The seminars were tailored for each market to include relevant topics, introduce new technologies and recent trial results of Kemin products. Dr William Chin, Product Manager for Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health, Asia Pacific commented, “These seminars are part of the strong commitment from Kemin to provide a concentrated immunomodulator molecule to improve animal performance during stressful situations. This in line with the aspiration of livestock and poultry producers to meet consumer demands for healthy, safe and wholesome food.” During these seminars Horst shared his expertise on phycology and emphasised how the algae beta-glucan could prime immunity, leading to improve overall her health and productivity. This is a holistic way to manage immunosuppression from disease and stress, and can be used as part of a strategy to replace antibiotic growth promoters. Dr Chin summarised, “We always hear that our business partners and customers are eager to learn new product innovations that can help address today’s complex animal production challenges. Through these roadshows, we are able to address our customers’ concerns and recommend comprehensive approaches to solve them.
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Holistic perspectives on antibiotic awareness beyond food chain “is critical”
LFMA, the association representing India’s dynamic livestock sector reiterates the need for a holistic perspective in promoting awareness on judicious use of antibiotics not only within but also beyond the food value chain on the occasion of World Antibiotic Awareness Week. B Soundararajan, Chairman of CLFMA of India commented, “Our association is working closely with a wide array of stakeholders both nationally and internationally on this very important aspect. CLFMA of India regularly participates in the meetings called by the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries (DADF), Government of India and has already presented inputs from Indian livestock industry on the issue.” He added, “As the country is going through a period of exciting demographic and economic transformation, consumers increasingly seek better health through food. They are getting more demanding and their preferences are evolving much faster than the previous generations. Issues such as food safety and quality; judicious use of inputs such as antibiotics and adoption of best practices are, now a days, more important for them and our industry is also making all efforts to not only meet but exceed those expectations.” CLFMA also contributes to the global discussions on
the issue of antibiotics as a member of the task force on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) under the Luxembergbased International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF). IFIF works together with organisations including FAO on various issues related to global feed and livestock industry. Soundararajan also mentioned that India has the potential to become one of the prominent exporters of animal protein and issues like these must be addressed holistically to cement its place in the global market as a reliable and quality supplier. He explained, “Competition from other Asian countries is quitetough but it is certainly not insurmountable. India can become one of the largest seafood exporters globally. However, it needs to look above and beyond the food value chain to address issues such as antibiotics, which are critical in market access perspective. It is a shared responsibility of every entity in and also beyond the food chain such as human health and nutrition domains. For example, preliminary research results from IIT Roorkee and IIT Delhi in improving the efficacy of existing antibiotics used in humans and preventing development of resistance are truly encouraging.” He summarised, “However, more holistic and intersectoral research studies are to be encouraged in future besides promoting judicious antibiotic use both in food production and among human health domains. CLFMA is doing its part in raising these issues at appropriate forums including its educational initiatives, publications, and also during industry seminars, symposiums and conferences.”
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Bluestar Adisseo announces the acquisition of Nutriad
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luestar Adisseo Company (“Adisseo”) announces the acquisition of Nutriad, a global feed additives producer. This transaction is part of Adisseo’s strategy to become one of the worldwide leaders of specialty additives in animal nutrition. Nutriad, a multinational company headquartered in Dendermonde, Belgium, operates four laboratories and five plants located in Belgium, Spain, the YK, China and the USA. The business generates gross sales of about US$100 million per year. A manufacturer of feed additives for more than 50 years, Nutriad has a solid product range in palatability, mycotoxin management and digestive performance. Next to poultry and swine they are also present in aquaculture, dairy and cattle. Adiesseo is convinced that a combination between Nutriad and Adisseo represents a highly attractive opportunity for both companies to build a strong worldwide franchise leveraging on complementary strengths. Nutriad’s product range, the species addressed, and its target markets are highly complementary to Adisseo’s and will allow the combined business to implement integrated solutions and offer even more value to customers. Jean-Marc Dublanc, CEO, Adisseo, commented, “Today we take another major step forward in delivering our strategy and we are thrilled to welcome the Nutriad team as they join the Adisseo family. We look forward to welcoming the Nutriad employees with their great knowledge and expertise. The acquisition of NUTRIAD supports our ambition for accelerating growth of our Specialties business in order to address our customers’ needs.” Together, we will set up an efficient organisation that should allow us to strengthen our global product portfolio’s competitiveness and its overall efficiency. We will also mutually benefit from respective strengths and global commercial coverage for product registration, sales, marketing and worldwide distribution network, with combined sales in more than 100 countries. Erik Visser, Nutriad, CEO, “We are excited to become a part of Adisseo because both companies are driven by the same ambition – to deliver the most innovative and practical fed solutions to our customers.”
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Frutarom acquires AB-Fortis®
rutarom Industries Ltd. has announced the acquisitionof the AB-Fortis® activities, including a patent-protected micro-encapsulation technology that enables delivery of iron with increased biological absorption. AB-Fortis is an advanced encapsulated iron system for delivering the recommended daily amount of iron in a single dose. It helps consumers avoid the common negative aspects and side effects of iron supplements, including metallic aftertaste, dental darkening, gastrointestinal upset, and nausea. AB-Fortis iron can be incorporated into fat-rich matrices, such as milk or yogurt, without causing oxidation. It is heat and pH-stable. It will not accelerate oxidation of other components of a formulation, such as folate or omega-3 fatty acids. This makes it ideal for functional foods, infant nutrition and food supplements. Iron deficiency constitutes a global health problem in developed and developing countries alike, and is particularly prevalent in children under the age of six, for whom iron deficiency is associated with impaired psychomotor and cognitive development, as well as in pregnant women suffering from excess fatigue due to iron deficiency. Among these groups, the percentage of population suffering from iron deficiency reaches 20 percent in developed countries and up to 60 percent in some developing countries. Frutarom acquired the technology and expanded its activity in the market after four years of experience
developing applications in a wide range of food and beverage products. Wouter Haazen, Product Manager for Frutarom Health commented, “Iron’s high reactivity commonly leads to negative side effects when relevant dosages are ingested. AB-Fortis is produced using a patented process, which provides highly stable encapsulation ensuring no release of free iron in the food matrix. In addition, it has a high concentration of iron (40%). Coating the iron using ABFortis’ unique micro-encapsulation technology stabilises and protects it, rendering the iron flavourless and allowing for adequate dosages, all without the negative side effects, while maintaining a high bioavailability.” Dr Raimund C. Hoenes, General Manager of Frutarom Health remarked, “AB-Fortis expands our diverse product portfolio in the growing field of specialty healthy ingredients. Delivering iron supplementation in a safe, highly bioavailable, and palatable form is an important objective for many of our food and supplement customers. We work closely with them to bring innovative solutions that combine our core competencies.”
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Nutriad acquires partners’ interest in China
N Trends of 2018 Tom Blacker, International Milling and Grain Directory Hello, happy New Year to you all. The grain industry moves forward into a new year and there are certain trends that I feel will continue apace: the development and continued of all types of grain products, the smart internet of things and the continued breaking-through of emerging markets in developing continents. Closer to home, 2018 is already shaping up to be a good year for the Directory. New events such as World Mill Tech in Turkey this spring will bring an interesting new twist as new players such as TUYAP produce fresh conferences and exhibitions for the industry. The 2018 Directory is almost ready and we are excited to bring it to the industry. There has been a lot of work from the team here and I am fortunate to work with many great colleagues. Externally, the partnerships we have with so many members, advertisers and others is outstanding and very strong. I hope it continues and only grows as time goes on. The directory is the industry’s directory and coordinating the annual print edition is always a pleasure. Furthermore, here in my home market, the London and South East Milling Society are hosting events and furthering the industry through networking sessions all year. If you are based in the UK, this is the best industry’s society for you. Meeting regularly at nabim’s offices in London, the group is a great platform for exchanging ideas and meeting a range of people from all parts of the milling industries: buyers, suppliers and processors. Upcoming events such as GrainTech and Animal Farming Kiev will bring the industry closer to this vital player in the grain industry of Ukraine. The range of crops in Ukraine is fascinating — sugarbeat, sunflower seeds, peas, soybeans, maize and of course wheat. I will be writing a report about this for the March edition of this magazine. @intlmilling facebook.com/internationalmillingdirectory
utriad has announced their acquirement of the 45 percent share stake of its’ local partner into FFI. Upon completion of the share purchase Nutriad will own 100 percent of the Nantong based company, which produces and markets a palatability portfolio in China. The company reconfirmed its ambition to achieve accelerated growth in the Chinese feed market and increase its’ market share across all species. Terms of the deal were not disclosed. China, home to the world’s largest population in the world, is the leading producer of livestock products and animal feed. Over the past decades the country has continously increased commercial feed production, reaching an estimated volume of around 200 million metric tonnes. The market trend of consilidation and innovation is backed up by a growing protein demand. Dominant in pork production and with strong developments across other species provides, the market provides opportunities for product offering targeting feed & food safety, gut health, preservation and feed intake. Erik Visser, Nutriad CEO commented, “Feed Flavour International is a leading local producer that recently moved to a new state of the art facility in Nantong. The supply chain capacity, quality of back office and sales/technical support complements the existing Nutriad business in China. We aim to integrate our Mycotoxin Management, Digestive Performance and Preservation portfolios with the Palatability offering of FFI, creating a company that will be able to address nutritional and veterinary challenges of Chinese producers.” He concluded, “The strong product and species expertise of local management, coupled with technical support from Nutriad headquarters, will allow our staff, customers and business partners to benefit from our global experience and scientific knowledge. We feel confident that our continuous commitment to the Chinese market will lead to a growing presence in coming years.” Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 27
European Commissioner Vytenis Andriukaitis (left) with Cornel Boere (Agrifirm)
European Commissioner for Health and Food Safety visits former Foodstuff
n November 28, 2017, EFFPA (the European Former Foodstuff Processors Association) organised a factory visit for the European Commissioner of Health and Food Safety, Mr Vytenis Andriukaitis, to Agrifirm in Veghel (The Netherlands), to provide a first hand-introduction to former foodstuff processing. Former foodstuff processors transform foodstuffs no longer suitable for commercial human consumption into high quality animal feed. Examples include, broken biscuits, incorrectly shaped chocolates or incorrectly flavoured crisps. After the visit, Commissioner Andriukaitis commented, “I am very satisfied with the visit. It is always useful to see how things are done one the ground. The notion of ‘circular economy’ becomes very tangible. Indeed, thanks to the top technology you have it in action - a broken biscuit is transformed into safe feed for animals. This is
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one way of how circular economy works and how food waste is prevented.” For EFFPA the visit was another milestone in its existence as a sector-representing organisation. President Paul Featherstone explained, “The possibility to showcase the role of former foodstuff processing in the circular economy to European Commissioner Andriukaitis further establishes us as part of safe and sustainable feed production. At the same time we have clearly demonstrated former foodstuff processing is not in competition with food banks.” The visit allowed to illustrate former foodstuff processing is an intrinsic part of the food-to-feed chain. EFFPA currently awaits the outcome of the ‘trilogue’ negotiations on the Circular Economy Package, which is expected to confirm that former foodstuffs placed on the market as feed are clearly exempted from the Waste Framework Directive.
New Year, new ideas Clifford Spencer, Goodwill Ambassador, NEPAD and Chairman, Milling4Life As the New Year starts we enter a time when old habits and ideas are often changed, and new and hopefully better ones are put in their place. In the world of milling perhaps this could be seen as an opportunity for new standards to be pursued in terms of feeding people, and new crops to enter the miller’s world and new technologies to be developed to process them. In the animal and fish feeding stuffs world, this process would afford an opportunity for developing countries, such as those supported by the Milling4Life charity, to make considerable progress in the planning of the provision of plentiful healthy and nutritious diets for their citizens. As the world requirement for protein in particular, rises to meet population growth, many young lives will depend on getting these vital areas of nutrition right in future actions and long term planning. Pursuing the most efficient forms of animal production such as aquaculture will be key, and thus the feeding stuffs being created and their processing need to be fit for purpose. Our Deputy Chairman Roger Gilbert has a lifetime experience of the feeding stuffs industry, including him fulfilling the role of an industry game changer and in him aiding the introduction of industry leading ideas and thinking. He has very clear views on the necessity and the importance of a well-developed feeding stuffs processing industry, right through to matters of national welfare, development and progress. His data crunching and analysis of national progress of the world’s countries, makes for impressive reading and more importantly yields vital conclusions on what is needed particularly in terms of feed output. I believe many young lives will depend upon his thinking becoming ‘’de rigeur” for developing countries planning and leadership. Indeed, this conclusion was part of the background to me taking the important personal decision to agree to chair this charity and moves such as attending meetings at the Food and Agriculture Organisation in Rome with Roger, in discussions with senior figures. From a survey conducted by one of his industrial contacts in December 2015, Roger has analysed and presented data of estimated compound feed production - from 130 countries 30 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
gathered via a sales force of 600 visiting 31,000 feed mills globally. Although feed terms can vary from country to country and do not include forages, the translation of these results by Roger makes for a significant change of thinking on feed outputs, trends, outputs and resultant economic development. In particular, he highlights the vital role a robust feed industry must play to meet a modern world’s food demand. As we need to feed 9.5 billion people by 2050, the figures show there is much to be achieved and many exciting new developments needed in this great life giving industry. There are currently 7.3 billion people on the planet today and feed mills produce 995 million tonnes of formulated compound feed annually. That means the average person enjoys food produced from livestock and fish that consumed 133.6kg of feed. Roger’s conclusion is that this is the figure every country should aim for in order to achieve a ‘benchmark’ standard of economic development for its citizens. The saying ‘we are what we eat’ has never had greater meaning! In this vein, for 2018 a number of projects will be considered on different continents by the Milling4Life board of trustees. These projects will look at different crop feed stocks, different ways of farming them, different storage and processing technologies and different forms of finance and production set ups from co-operatives through to high level corporate finance arrangements. What is important in all of these considerations is the potential for success and the lifting of poor and disadvantaged people out of poverty. So over the next 12 months you will begin to hear of potential projects and ideas that Milling4Life will look to promote, in order to fulfil our ambitious aims in this vital area of the charity’s work. One of these potential projects involves boosting aquaculture production in Africa; others will look at agri-food chains across the developing world. In this respect the United Nations Foundation mandated organisation that I lead is entering an information exchange project involving information and technology transfer between the West, China and the Far East and hopefully this work will provide Roger and our trustees team with further new data and ideas to consider. I wish all the readers of this great industry-leading magazine a very Happy and Prosperous New Year and very much look forward to raising your interest and support for the Milling4Life charity’s work in 2018.
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Doubling the output of organic soybean meal
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igma Organic Feed Div. announces doubling its supply of Hi-Pro Non-GMO Organic Soybean Meal to 3,000 MT per month. Proprietary and specific heat and mechanical processing system assures a finished soy protein with high digestibility and a very palatable product. US based Sigma is part of a multi-family and employeeowned group of companies with roots in South America (Argentina, Chile and Peru) involved in fishing, fishmeal, marine proteins and feed raw materials. Other facilities/ offices located in India, Morocco and Japan. Sigma is committed to providing the highest quality, sustainable and environmentally sound products to the feed industry. Competitively priced premium non-GMO soybeans and organic soybean meal available immediately for worldwide shipments in bulk in containers or bags. The name maybe new but we are the same dedicated people that for over 30 years have been truly driven by innovation and inspired by nature. Dr G.R. Jordan, Chairman, commented, “We seek to be epitomised by our passion, integrity and our innovative spirit, as we continually strive to fulfil our vision.”
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Zhengchang group chairman participates in the APEC summit
n November 2017, the APEC-CEO summit was held in Da Nang, Vietnam. The theme of the summit was, ‘to build new power, create a Shared future’. Zhengchang group chairman Hao Bo was invited to attend the event where more than 2000 companies from around the world discussed issues such as food security and sustainable development. At the APEC meeting, the Asia-Pacific economic integration not only deepened the impression for huge development potential, but also realised the importance of Chinese enterprises to go global. At the APEC-CEO summit Zhengchang realised it has a new period of development opportunity to enhance the Asia-Pacific market’s confidence and motivation. Zhengchang will play to the industry for many years, accumulating deep reserves of strength and depth into the national ‘one belt, one road’ development.
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Study uncovers distinctions in major crop genome evolutions
ometime between five million and 13 million years ago, both maize and soybeans underwent genome duplications, but Purdue University scientists believe that they happened in very different manners. Damon Lisch, associate professor in the Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, and Jianxin Ma, professor in the Department of Agronomy, studied the evolution of these major crop plants’ genomes. They wanted to understand the ways in which genomes duplicate – creating multiple copies of genes – and how those genomes change over time. In maize, Lisch and Ma believe the duplication happened when two species of grass with similar genomes crossed, like distant cousins. The genome from one plant was dominant, and over time, lost redundant copies of genes at a far lower rate than the other. Lisch explained, “You don’t need two copies of everything, and there are many examples of differences in the loss of redundant genes when a whole genome duplication results from crosses between related species.” The pair, whose findings were published in the journal The Plant Cell, suggest that those differences arose from differences in the number and distribution of transposons in the two genomes when they were first combined. Transposons, or so-called “jumping genes,” move around DNA and threaten to alter or damage other genes. The plant defends against those transposons by turning off their activity, sometimes reducing the level of expression of genes around them. Lisch
and Ma said the lost genes in maize tend to be from the same subgenome and exhibit differences in both transposons next to genes and levels of expression of those genes. Lisch explained, “If you’re a gene and you have a transposon near that’s been turned off, that can turn down the gene as well. There’s a benefit to turning down the transposons, but there’s also a cost. The data from maize suggests that one of the two genomes that combined to form the maize genome was paying more of a cost. Because of this, genes in this genome expressed at a lower level and were more likely to be lost over time.” Soybeans, however, have lost genes from both genomes at about the same rate. Lisch continued, “That suggests that when the two genomes that came together to form the soybean genome, they were basically identical.” The authors’ findings suggest that soybean’s genome duplication came not from a cross of distant relatives, but from the plants own genome spontaneously doubling. Understanding the role transposons play on the evolution of genomes can help scientists understand how plants make compromises within those genomes. Ma summarised, “This provides insights on how duplicated genomes have changed and how those changes may have affected the plant’s phenotype as we observe it today. This may facilitate discoveries in gene networks as we analyse traits of agronomic importance.” The United Soybean Board, Indiana Soybean Alliance, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative of the US Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the National Science Foundation supported this research.
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Purdue poised to improve sorghum for millions
urdue University scientists will develop stronger, more versatile varieties of sorghum that have the potential to reach millions of African farmers, thanks to a US$5 million, five-year grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The foundation’s grant is the second for Gebisa Ejeta, a distinguished professor in the Department of Agronomy and director of the Purdue Centre for Global Food Security. Ejeta, the 2009 World Food Prize laureate, was recognised for his work in developing and distributing high-yielding varieties of sorghum that are also droughttolerant and resistant to striga, a parasitic weed that robs maize, sorghum, rice, pearl millet and sugarcane of necessary nutrients. Striga can devastate a crop and impacts more than 100 million people in Africa. Over the last four years, Proffessor Ejeta, along with his students and research collaborators, uncovered the basic genetic and biological processes that control striga resistance in sorghum. They identified a gene involved with the release of a chemical from sorghum roots that signals striga seed to germinate and attach to those roots. That has led to the creation of new sorghum varieties that combine striga-
36 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
and drought-resistance more readily using molecular technology. So far, 961 tonnes of seed have been distributed to more than 400,000 farmers in Ethiopia and Tanzania. Professor Ejeta commented, “With more high-throughput phenotyping and the ability to sequence a large slate of genotypes, we identified an important gene that is foundational for imparting striga resistance. It helps to move that gene with confidence and consider new ways of exploiting that gene. Some of that we’ve already been working on.” This next phase of the program will focus on advancements in biological research, specifically identifying more genes involved in imparting broad-based and durable striga resistance in sorghum and other crops. He continued, “We would have multiple genes that we can move around and pyramid together, so there is no risk of one gene breaking down in the future.” The new project will expand to support researchers in Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Niger, Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Mali to develop a breeding pipeline for more high-yielding, nutritious, disease-resistant and droughttolerant varieties of crops. The project plans to support private seed systems that will distribute high-quality hybrid sorghum seeds more effectively in those countries. Professor Ejeta summarised, “This creates opportunities for farmers and small businesses to engage in gainful employment and develop the agricultural industry in these countries.”
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眀眀眀⸀洀椀氀氀攀爀愀氀⸀挀漀洀 、䴀䄀币 䴀愀欀椀渀愀 匀愀渀愀礀椀 䄀⸀币⸀ 㐀⸀ 伀爀最愀渀椀稀攀 匀愀渀愀礀椀 䈀氀最攀猀椀 㐀 㜀⸀ 匀欀⸀ 一漀㨀㠀 㐀㈀㌀ 䬀漀渀礀愀ⴀ 吀ﰀ爀欀椀礀攀 倀 㨀 ⬀㤀 ㌀㌀㈀ ㈀㌀㤀 㐀 䘀 㨀 ⬀㤀 ㌀㌀㈀ ㈀㌀㤀 㐀㐀 眀眀眀⸀洀椀氀氀攀爀愀氀⸀挀漀洀 ⴀ 椀渀昀漀䀀洀椀氀氀攀爀愀氀⸀挀漀洀
China to subsidise grain transportation and storage facilities
Adapting into the New Year by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG Here we are into another year so firstly I would like to wish you all a very Prosperous 2018. Looking back on 2017 for me, it has been a great privilege to have been able to visit many different countries and see our diverse industry in so many forms. From the vast corporate farming industry where food is produced on an industrial scale, to the subsistence farming systems of the world where people rely totally on their ability to grow their own food - simply to live with no other sources of income. In most of the countries that I visit, there is real concern from their Governments to try and raise living standards; this is often very restricted by the amount of land that is held by these people. Some counties such as the Philippines, Indonesia and India understand this problem and are actively encouraging diversification, by getting their farmers to adopt different farming methods; moving from growing small areas of rice or cereals to livestock production. The scenario is to start with a few chickens for eggs and meat, building these up. Then moving onto pig production, which gives an even better income stream, because of the fast breeding turn around and the enhanced food conversion of the modern animal. Then on to dairy and beef production, and where possible also fish farming with tilapia and shrimp. In the rural areas access to quality feed can be problematic with poor infrastructure and access to markets, this is not helped by having high prices for small quantity delivery, needed to supply these markets or the cash needed to get systems started. Direct subsidies have never worked; even here in the western world they are not the answer. Indonesia, I believe is setting a very good example by helping communities to help themselves, by establishing co-operatives at village and regional levels, increasing 38 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
buying and selling power. Education and training are vital elements to improving livelihoods along with this there is a need to keep people on farms and stop the rush to cities to improve their incomes and living standards where so many dreams are smashed by the realities of city life. Increasing food production alone is not enough, food processing is another way to quickly improve farm incomes, this necessitates capital expenditure and it is here that Governments and banks will need to assist. Where fresh food can be processed locally, more markets are opened up as the raw materials shelf life is vastly increased; more markets are then accessible especially important in areas where transport is far from easy. In addition to these measures, the supply of better genetics will produce more, with less inputs is another area where help can be easily given, if the political will is there - as demonstrated in the Punjab, where the state is offering enhanced cattle semen and pig genetics to help the farmers improve their outputs. Whereas our industrial scale farming is relying on more machinery and robotic technology, a diminishing rural workforce is moving on. In the UK technology has been developed that has seen experimentally a crop of wheat planted grown and harvested without any human going into the field The one thing that with help, for farming, is given that none of us can change weather, which affects all of our livelihoods, as farmers we learn to work with and around it. As I write these few notes we are freezing in the UK whilst my family in Australia have to cope with very high temperatures, we all have to adapt. My hope for this coming year is that we do not see anymore natural disasters, be it flooding, tornados or anything else, which will damage our farmers ability to produce food. @AgrictecExports
hina plans to subsidise grain transportation and storage facilities in the latest push by Beijing to modernise the world’s largest agriculture sector. Beijing will subsidise projects upgrading or building facilities to load and receive grains along main railways and ports for major waterways including the Yangtze and Pearl rivers, a document issued by China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) said on Friday. The document stated, “Setting up the special funds will help to reduce the cost of grain distribution and improve efficiency.” Inadequate transportation capacity for grain has caused backlog in the north and spiked prices in the past, while poor storage facilities are a major cause of grain losses in China. China, which aims to improve its grain logistics system and boost grain storage capacity by 2020, will also subsidise grain facilities that offer storage, processing, trading and quality inspection services, the NRDC document said. These so-called logistic parks must occupy at least 20 hectares of land and have more than 100,000 tonnes of storage capacity, the document said, adding that a single project could receive as much as 100 million yuan (US$15 million). (US$1 = 6.6035 Chinese yuan renminbi).
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Milling News Daniel Gustafson and José Graziano da Silva (L-R)
Much more investment needed to reverse the rise in hunger
he recent increase in the number of hungry people in the world requires immediate action to reverse this situation, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva told members of the FAO Council on December 4, 2017. He noted that the latest hunger figure - 815 million people - marked the first increase after more than a decade of steady decline. Obesity and overweight are also growing, in developed and developing countries, posing another cost of current food systems. He commented, “The most important thing to do now is to build the resilience of poor people to face the impacts of conflicts and climate change,” making sure that humanitarian assistance is combined with development actions to chart a course towards the eradication of hunger by 2030.” Mr da Silva continued, “This basically means new investments - I would say much more investments - from the public but also the private sector.” The FAO Council manages administrative and financial affairs between biennial meetings of the FAO Conference. Eight cabinet-level officials - from Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Costa Rica, Zambia, Paraguay and the Russian Federation - are participating in the week-long meeting, which side events focusing on climate change, migration and food safety as well as World Soil Day. The Director-General outlined major events in 2018, including high-level international symposia on agroecology, on Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, a third on innovation for smallholder and family farmers that is also in the works, and plans to launch an 40 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
International Platform for Biodiversity. Those initiatives are designed “to support countries to put in place sustainable agricultural practices that combine food production, ecosystem services and climate-change resilience at the same time,” Mr Graziano da Silva said. Key opportunities “to put the fight against hunger back on track” come early in the year, at the African Union summit in Ethiopia and at FAO’s regional conferences, including the first one to be held in Sudan. During 2018, FAO will also act as co-chair of the Global Migration Group, comprised of 22 United Nations agencies and mandated to help draft - by the end of 2018 - a Global Compact on Safe, Regularly and Orderly Migration agreement. As the Council reviews budgetary matters, Mr Graziano da Silva also noted FAO’s efforts to boost its focus and effectiveness through the development of five Strategic Programme teams as well as other institutional measures aimed at decentralisation, at increased use of SouthSouth and triangular cooperation and streamlining the Organisation’s country office network to assure greater flexibility in the use of budgeted resources.
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Meeting of the International Grains Council embers of the International Grains Council (IGC) convened for the 46th Council Session in Brussels, on December 5, 2017, the meeting was chaired by Ms Silke Boger, Head of Unit, DG Agriculture and Rural Development, European Commission. The latest supply and demand outlook and market developments for grains, rice and oilseeds were assessed (based on GMR 483), while recent changes in national policies and administrative matters were considered. World total grains (wheat and coarse
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grains) production was forecast at 2,079m t in 2017/18, second only to the previous seasonâ€™s record. Much of the 54m t y/y (year-on-year) decline in output is tied to a reduction for maize (-39m), although wheat (-5m), barley (-7m) and sorghum (-2m) crops were also expected to be smaller. Consumption was predicted to surpass 2.1bn t for the first time and including new peaks for food, feed and industrial uses. Amid smaller availabilities and record usage, world total grains stocks were predicted to tighten for the first time since 2012/13, dropping by 28m t y/y, primarily because of a fall for
maize. Despite a potential pullback in wheat, barley and sorghum flows, larger maize shipments were seen lifting grains trade for a fifth consecutive year, to 359m t. Winter wheat seeding in the northern planting was well advanced by early December, with the preliminary forecast for world 2018/19 all-wheat harvested area showing little y/y change. Despite some concerns about dryness in some growers, crop conditions were reported to be mostly favourable ahead of the winter. Despite prospects for a record harvested area, global soybean output in 2017/18 was forecast to edge lower to 348m t, on an anticipated retreat in yields, most notably in Brazil and the USA. With consumption expected to grow further on firm demand from feed sectors spanning livestock, poultry and aquaculture, aggregate inventories were set to tighten by nine percent y/y to 41m t. Within the total, major exporterâ€™s reserves were anticipated to be down by nearly one-fifth as a potential increase in the USA was outweighed by falls in Argentina and Brazil. Boosted by Chinaâ€™s needs, world trade was seen rising by four percent to a peak of 153m t. The IGC Grains and Oilseeds index (GOI) was only modestly above year earlier levels, with advances for wheat, barley and rice just about offsetting declines for maize and soyabeans. Despite ample overall availabilities, average wheat prices were firmer amid relatively tight milling grade supplies. A well-supplied market has resulted in slightly softer maize values y/y, with exporters competing hard for available business. Despite being highly volatile at times, soyabean quotations were modestly weaker y/y. The Council appointed Mr Arnaud Petit (EU France), currently Director of Commodities and Trade at Copa-Cogeca, Brussels as the next Executive Director of the International Grains Council, with effect from February 1, 2018.
Training Nutriad received customers and distribution partners in Belgium for the inaugural sessions of the MycoGut Academy.
MycoGut Academy In close cooperation with the University of Ghent, an interactive poultry focused programme was designed, that included practical and class rooms sessions. The international group of industry professionals from the Middle East that attended this first edition highly rated the event. As consumers and governments across the world push for a restriction on the use of antibiotic growth promoters in animal production, Nutriad is addressing bacterial challenges. As there is no single additive that replaces antibiotics, Nutriad promotes a combination of products from different product platforms. Radka Borutova, Business Development Manager Mycotoxin Management, presented on Clostridium Perfringens induced necrotic enteritis, highlighting the importance to focus on predisposing factors that can influence the severity of the challenge, such as Mycotoxicosis. Dr Gunther Antonissen from the University of Ghent made a valuable contribution by elaborating on Deoxynivalenol and the development of necrotic enteritis in broilers. The practical session at the veterinary faculty of the University of Ghent was one of the highlights of MycoGut. It allowed attendees to learn more on identifying necrotic enteritis and different types of mycotoxins, but also to see the incremental effect of mycotoxicosis on bacterial challenges.
The Bühler-KSU Executive Milling in English courses were held November 6-10 and also November 13-17, 2017, at the IGP’s institutes conference centre.
Executive milling courses for continued training in milling industry The course provided participants with knowledge of a wide variety of topics in milling, including cleaning systems, basic flow sheet technology, use of various types of wheat for different finished products, influence of wheat characteristics on yield and mill performance, finished product handling and storage, basics in flow quality and batch mixing versus continuous mixing systems. Mark Harrison, Engineering Manager at SEPROD Limited in Kingston, Jamaica, commented, “I enjoyed the science behind the process the most in this course. Being able to understand the importance 44 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
of particle size, different components and where they are in the process gives me a better understanding of the milling process. It’s better to have an overall knowledge of the process to understand how the mill can become more profitable.” KSU faculty and staff, including Bühler Inc., professionals covered the course topics through classroom presentations and hands-on lab activities in the Hal Ross Flour Mill. The exercises in the flourmill included touring the mill and practical’s relating to roller mills, sifters and the purifier, detacher and bran finisher. It also included an exercise n cleaning and conditioning wheat. Jason Watt, Bühler instructor of milling at Kansas State University, commented, “The Bühler-KSU Executive Milling courses gave participants an understanding of the flour milling process that will allow them to be more successful in the milling industry.”
Training Feed manufacturing and nutrition standards are continually updating and become more precise in today’s operations.
Sponsoring feed and swine nutrition training Recently KSU IGP Institute hosted a group from Japan to learn about feed and swine nutrition. The US Soybean Export Council training was held for eight industry professionals, December 4-8, 2017. This collaboration was done with USSEC organising the group, the Kansas Soybean Commission helping sponsor the course, and the IGP Institute at the Kansas State University hosting the group and providing the technical training and education. Kazuji Karibe, swine research and development at Itochu Feeds in Japan, commented, “I have just started learning about feeding amino acid concepts in swine nutrition, so that course topic was interesting for me. The current swine nutrition research at the university was also very good.” Course topics covered a variety of technical aspects in both the grain and swine industries. These topics included protein and amino acid concepts in swine feeding focused on SBM, quality control on a feed mill, batching and mixing, and particle size reduction and pelleting process for swine feed production. Carlos Campabadal, course coordinator and IGP’s feed
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manufacturing and grain quality management specialist explained, “For us and the soybean family, it is very important to strengthen our business relations with Japan. We are always looking on providing the best technical education for the trade teams.”
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Airless storage bag
PRODUCT FOCUS January 2018 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will be saving you time and money in the milling process.
The big bag nOx permits a seed and grain protection from insect pests without using chemicals, liquid, gas, or cold chain. This method avoids pesticide residues and insect mutations. It contains an intern gas hermitical liner with a suction valve. When the bag is filled up and sealed, a simple vacuum cleaner permits to create partial vacuum. The extracted air is replaced by an equivalent volume of CO2 (alimentary CO2- inert gas). This technique is appropriate for organic seeds and legumes. It is adapted for automatic bagging line with blowing to format the liner before filling, dimensions are 900x900x1600 mm with a capacity of 1200 kg.
BinMaster’s diaphragm switch is designed for use with free-flowing, dry granular or pelleted material being stored in bins, silos or hoppers. Mounted inside or outside of the bin, the diaphragm switch – also called a pressure switch – can be used for detecting high, intermediate or low levels of material. The device is connected to a light, horn, or point level alarm panel and activates an alert when material comes into contact with, or falls away from, the diaphragm switch.
A new sifter with improved inspection methods to prevent cross contamination. The custom-made Wingdoor sifter is a combination of innovative power and the sieving process. The major advantage of this machine is that the doors can now open over the entire length of the machine. The sieve does not need to be driven out for inspection, so cross contamination is prevented. The replacement of the sieve mesh is naturally efficient because the sieve basket can still be moved out of the machine. The sifter can reach capacities up to 30 tonnes per hour depending on the product.
Highest level of food safety, flexible installation and use, minimum amount of space, maximum throughput and 100 percent wood-free: Bühler presents the new small plansifter Seginus as the next logical development in its plansifter family. The Seginus sifts and sorts grist and flour-type products in wheat, rye, corn and durum wheat mills. In addition, it reliably sorts coarsely ground product or free-flowing granulate. The Seginus plansifter can be flexibly integrated into the grinding process or as a control sifter.
The safest, fastest and simplest solution for detecting batches of sprouted grains. Poor climatic conditions can cause grains to sprout and flour made from germinated grains has strong alpha-amylase activity. This can cause significant defects such as sticky dough, bread that doesn’t rise, and a reddish crust in baked products. The Amylab FN can measure alpha-amylase activity in only 90 seconds using the Hagberg method and the new Testogram method.
www.buhlergroup.com 48 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
SPECIAL FOCUS Improved sanitation, more performance in less space, and 30 percent lower energy consumption: The new Bran Finisher MKLD from BĂźhler has many advantages over its predecessor. The new Bran Finisher MKLD was developed to efficiently process wheat, durum and rye. The MKLD makes considerably less noise and is more reliable as it effectively and efficiently separates buildup of flour particles from the bran. It can also be used as a pre-centrifuge before sifting. Once again, BĂźhler has systematically developed a process step towards maximum sanitation and minimum energy consumption â€“ the new Bran Finisher MKLD is the result. Thanks to the various improvements the new version offers top sanitation, low energy consumption, high reliability and quieter operation as well as easier inspection and cleaning. The range of capacities across the various types of Bran Finishers MKLD has been broadened and the necessary installation height reduced. This means, in many cases, that the number of Bran Finishers needed in a mill can be downsized which gives the mill operator interesting solutions for small spaces and low investment flexibility in regards to machines and system integration. By optimising the design and making the model completely of stainless steel, top sanitation is ensured.
Bran Finisher MKLD
Inside the machine, there are no detachable connecting elements. The sieve is made of magnetic steel and can be easily detected. The optimised shape inside and the two aspiration openings guarantee improved air distribution and minimal buildup. Finally, the new innovation has a direct drive. That means no drive belts and no unpleasant rubber abrasion as a possible source of contamination, it is also distinctly quieter. Overs and throughs can be monitored at the checkpoints any time during operation. The one-sided rotor bearings and the special guide rails make it easy and fast to remove the sieve basket. It can be retracted or completely removed for inspection. When the sieve basket is taken out, the inside of the machine is completely visible and accessible. This makes maintenance easier and minimises the time needed for cleaning. The redesigned infeed section with casted nickelplated housing reduces wear on the sieve basket and on the rotor. It can be easily integrated into existing plants thanks to the reduced installation height. In spite of the lower height, however, maximum performance has been increased to up to three tons per hour. The Bran Finisher is available with diverse screen geometry and can be used for very different bran qualities. The redesigned rotor and the efficient direct drive reduce energy consumption up to 30 percent compared to predecessor models.
www.buhlergroup.com Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 49
15 years - 15 fortification champions
by ToMinh Le, Emory University, USA
The Food Fortification Initiative (FFI) celebrated its 15th anniversary on October 24, 2017.
urrently, 87 countries have mandates that require wheat flour, maize flour, and/or rice to be fortified with iron or folic acid. When the Food Fortification Initiative (FFI) had its first public meeting in Mauritus in 2002, only 44 countries had this kind of legislation. The FFI was established with a mission to encourage collaboration between the public, private, and civic sectors and build partnerships to advance fortification efforts. “We refer to flour fortification as a ‘public-private-civic sector investment’ because successful fortification requires each of these groups to work together for the well-being of people,” says Scott J Montgomery, who became the FFI Director in 2011 after 30 years of experience in the private sector. A study of fortification success in three Latin American countries showed that when influential people support fortification, they could facilitate national action. Consequently, to celebrate its 15th birthday, the FFI honored 15 fortification champions from different sectors and parts of the world. The FFI conducted interviews with the 15 selected champions to learn more about successes and challenges with fortification in their countries, and what we can do as a society to improve fortification efforts. The champions were government officials, industry leaders, researchers, and professors in the nutrition community. Although they come from different backgrounds and cultures, they share the goal of pushing the fortification agenda forward in their countries and globally through partnerships. One may not expect flour millers to be committed to improving health. However, Abubakar Bakhresa, Executive Director of Bakhresa & Co., Ltd. in Tanzania, believes fortification is a social responsibility to his customers and general population. Bahkresa has favored mandatory flour fortification since the first FFI network event in Arusha, Tanzania in 2008.
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He has extended his advocacy for mandatory flour fortification to other countries where his family-owned company operates mills. Tanzania is prioritising fortification through a multi-sectoral approach that includes “stakeholders from manufacturing, regulatory agencies, ministry of health, academic institutions, international organisations and the blessings of the political leadership of the country,” says Bakhresa. Greg Harvey, CEO of Interflour Group and Chair of FFI’s Executive Management Team, comments, “The role of the flour miller is vital to the fortification process, and I feel it is my professional duty to ensure that flour millers have a ‘seat at the table’ on decisions that are ultimately being made by others on fortification standards, monitoring and government regulations.” Most of Interflour’s work is in Southeast Asia, where rice consumption is among the highest in the world. To Harvey, milling wheat flour in an area dominated by rice consumption positions the company for a bright future. Since wheat-based foods are growing in popularity in Asian diets, he has an opportunity to encourage countries to fortify wheat flour with essential vitamins and minerals. Iron deficiency in children limits their physical growth and mental development. Fortifying flour with a bioavailable form of iron – that is, a form of iron that humans easily absorb – can improve iron levels and ultimately prevent many consequences of iron deficiency. In addition, fortifying with folic acid improves folate levels in women and reduces their children’s risk of having brain and spinal defects called neural tube defects (NTDs). Spina bifida is the most common NTD. Children born with spina bifida often experience paralysis, hydrocephalus, and loss of bowel and bladder control, and can undergo a lifetime of surgeries and rehabilitative services. Spina bifida cannot be cured, but many cases can be prevented if women consume at least 400 micrograms of folic acid daily before conception and during the early stages of pregnancy. When fortification is appropriately planned, implemented, and monitored, it supplies essential vitamins and minerals to large segments of the population. It is an effective, safe, and economical strategy, as the benefits of fortification far outweigh their associated costs. Fortifying staple foods with iron and
folic acid prevents disease, strengthens immunity, improves productivity, and helps cognitive development. Fortifying wheat flour with iron and folic acid seems like a no-brainer. But sometimes public health policy makers focus on other issues, and they do not prioritise nutrition programs, such as fortification. As both a flour miller and fortification advocate, Harvey observes, “the challenge of time is immense. Advocating and achieving policy decisions in individual countries move at a glacial pace - at least it seems like that to me – a business professional who moves with quick decisions in a competitive market.” He adds, “Some countries take 10 years to create fortification policies that are reasonable and achievable. The challenge is how to keep momentum and enthusiasm during such long periods.” Even though millers may be committed to food fortification and improving public health, they have difficulty doing so if policymakers make decisions that negatively impact flour millers and restrict the millers’ support and willingness to fortify flours. To move fortification forward despite these obstacles, countries should form national alliances that include the public, private, and civic sectors. The main predictors of a programme’s success are governmental and industry support. The degree to which government officials and industry managers will comply rely heavily on the work of researchers, professors, and the staff of inter-governmental and nongovernmental organisations. Support from gatekeepers in the academic and nutritional communities will bring awareness to the scientific evidence behind the benefits of food fortification. Involving all sectors early in the process prevents key information from being overlooked, and it builds commitment from each group to work toward success. By working together to improve vitamin and mineral nutrition, we can make people worldwide smarter, stronger and healthier. The FFI would like to thank the fortification champions for their contributions to this campaign and their efforts in advancing fortification. Their outstanding dedication and leadership has left a significant and long-term impact in the field of nutrition. The full set of FFI questions and answers with 15 fortification champions from the 15th anniversary campaign can be accessed at: http://www.ffinetwork.org/about/15_Years.html. Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 51
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Hidden Hunger an invisible threat with devastating consequences
The biofortification movement for better crops and nutrition by Dr Victor Taleon, Research Fellow, HarvestPlus he threat of famine has made headlines in recent months, and these crises understandably focus the world’s attention on the need for a strong humanitarian response. What rarely makes headlines is this startling statistic: the diets of more than two billion people worldwide lack the essential vitamins and minerals that are necessary to prevent disease, disability, and even death. This pandemic of micronutrient deficiency is known as “hidden hunger”, and it’s called that because the essence of the problem is often overlooked and also because some of the people who are affected may technically have 'enough' food on their plates, but that food is not necessarily nutritious. Several important interventions already exist to combat this problem, such as vitamin and mineral supplements and commercial fortification of processed foods, for example, adding vitamin A to refined sugar or iodine to table salt. However, many smallholder farmers in developing countries have limited access to these solutions, as they are costly and not part of the typical diet in rural communities. A breakthrough process known as biofortification, where crops are bred to contain higher levels of essential micronutrients, has revolutionised what crops farmers grow and eat in rural communities, and is even reaching urban consumers in increasing
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numbers. Beyond the inherent benefits that biofortified crops offer consumers, it may be a surprise to learn that processes in the milling of biofortified cereals also represent an important piece of the puzzle to find a solution for hidden hunger.
The kernel of an idea whose time has come
In the early 1990s, an economist at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Dr Howarth “Howdy” Bouis, came up with an idea that seemed too good to be true: solving micronutrient deficiency by getting the plants to do the work – that is, to use conventional crop breeding techniques to enhance their vitamin and mineral content. This concept, which soon became known as biofortification, was initially greeted with skepticism. Would yields decrease from the stress of having to take up these nutrients, which would make this idea a non-starter? Could plant breeding actually improve nutrition? Would farmers grow and eat these crops, especially those that turn yellow or orange from the carotenoids, precursors of vitamin A? It took Dr Bouis a decade to convince the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and several government donors to invest significant resources to breed, test, and deliver these crops in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. He founded HarvestPlus, which is coordinated by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), in 2003.
F Those centers and others in the CGIAR agricultural research centers network developed varieties of staple food crops naturally rich in vitamin A, iron and zinc. These three micronutrients were chosen because the World Health Organization identified them as three of the four most important micronutrients for public health and development. The biofortified varieties exhibit other essential agronomic traits such as high yield, resistance to pests and diseases, as well as heat and drought tolerance, depending on the specific conditions where they will be grown. Thanks to the work of HarvestPlus and its 400+ partners, more than 26 million people are growing and eating one or more of these healthier foods. More than 175 varieties of 12 staple foods such as rice, wheat, maize, pearl millet, beans, cassava and sweet potato have been released or are being tested in 60 countries. An impressive body of evidence has demonstrated that eating these foods can reverse iron deficiency, reduce diarrhea, and improve night vision cognitive performance and physical activity. For Bouis and three other biofortification pioneers, the ultimate validation of their once-doubted innovation came in 2016, when they shared the World Food Prize for their research in biofortification, making the classical recommendation attributed to Hippocrates come true, “Let Food Be Thy Medicine and thy medicine be thy food.” The 2017 World Food Prize laureate, Dr. Akin Adesina, has also championed biofortification, and governments around the world have begun including it in their national agriculture, health, and nutrition plans and strategies.
Challenges and opportunities in the milling industry
Biofortification was initially pioneered to benefit the people who needed it most urgently – low-income rural families in
developing countries. However, other populations could also take advantage of this breakthrough technology. HarvestPlus’ ambitious goal now is to work with partners globally to reach one billion people with these nutrient-rich foods by 2030, including urban consumers. Millers, as well as other food manufacturers and processors, will be key to achieving this
Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 55
F objective and are already getting involved. In Zambia, for example, a five-year project known as “AgResults” incentivises the milling of vitamin A-rich orange maize. While the market share for orange maize grain is still small, the project’s goal is to scale up to produce and aggregate sufficient quantities to make this a good value proposition for other millers. The good news is that demand for orange maize meal is now outstripping supply. Over time we expect greater and greater quantities of milled orange maize and other biofortified crops to be found in groceries throughout Africa. Although the milling process does not affect vitamin A content in orange maize, the same is not true for iron and zinc found in cereals. Just as for non- biofortified cereals, large proportions of the total iron and zinc content are found in the outer layers of the grains of biofortified cereals. Therefore, refining, grinding or sieving such cereals could significantly decrease their nutrient density. Even so, the good news is that highly refined flours produced from biofortified crops will still contain higher levels of zinc than their non-biofortified counterparts. However, if millers would be willing to produce whole-grain or less refined products, the benefits of biofortification could be even greater and additionally more effective at addressing under nutrition.
Looking ahead to a nutritious future
The long-term goal for biofortification is to be the default go-to crop for all farmers. To make that happen, all actors along the value chain, from farmers to food processors to seed companies and policymakers, will need to be engaged. Push and pull mechanisms are needed to encourage greater uptake, participation, and consumption of biofortified crops.
While Africa currently leads the world in both numbers of biofortified varieties available and households reached, Asia and Latin America represent important and growing markets as well. For example, in India local companies are selling high-iron pearl millet seed to countless farmers, and figures are expected to continue to grow significantly. PRAN Agro Business, Bangladesh’s largest grower and processor of fruits and vegetables, recently signed an agreement to purchase high-zinc rice from farmers in the north of the country, almost ensuring that this highly nutritious staple crop reaches as many people as possible. As the world’s population continues to increase, we must not only feed people, but also nourish them. The trend toward healthier diets is not a phenomenon only desired by those in wealthy nations; every family shares the universal desire to offer the best for their children. The biofortification movement represents an important new tool that could make those aspirations a reality.
Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 57
“It’s not enough to improve flour. You have to understand it.”
Within the flour industry there are many companies that really take the steps necessary to put the craft at the forefront of flour and food production. Milling and Grain plays a part in this food of the future story by bringing its readers a way to see what can make them the best, what goals they can strive to reach, to bring the best in flour production to the world. Mühlenchemie is a prime example of this level of dedication to the art of flour production. This feature goes into deep detail about what makes Mühlenchemie, so different, and therefore so successful? “It is the deep understanding of our customers’ products that lets us develop solutions far beyond the commercial standard,” says Lennart Kutschinski, Managing Director of Mühlenchemie, a company in the worldwide and owneroperated Stern-Wywiol Gruppe. What makes Mühlenchemie so different, any therefore so successful?
It’s all about being close to the customer
“We seek out opportunities to have technical discussions with our customers,” says Kutschinski. “And not on the phone, but face to face.” In practice this means that Mühlenchemie has offices in important parts of the world, in order to do consulting and development work locally.
On the way to the perfect solution
The immediate, unfiltered experience of local weather conditions early evaluation of harvest quality, and a direct view of market conditions, early evaluation of harvest quality, and a direct view of market conditions gives Mühlenchemie’s specialists the creative input for individual formulations that meet customer needs down to the gram.
Knowing the job
“Flour that works great for Turkish pita bread might not work for a company that makes steamed buns. For us that means replacing standard products with special formulations designed for local product conditions, markets and cultural preferences,” says Dr Lutz Popper, Head of Research and Development at Mühlenchemie.
58 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
Success through flexibility
Despite weather, soil and harvest conditions, Mühlenchemie maintains a constant high level of flour quality. “Good flour not only has excellent processing characteristics, but also high nutritional value,” says Sven Mattutat, Head of Global Baking Applications at Mühlenchemie, adding, “By fortifying flour with vitamins and minerals we can prevent malnutrition.”
Tested until it’s right
And when have the developers met their objective? “When our customers’ customers are thoroughly satisfied,” says Lennart Kutschinksi. The optimising process involves repeated testing in the baking and biscuit pilot plant, milling and pasta pilot plant and rheology lab. Flavour, processing quality, nutritional value, appearance – every product is tested and improved until the maximum quality is reached.
A global player with German technology
“At Mühlenchemie we’re detail-obsessed, a very German trait,” says Kutschinksi in conclusion. “But when it’s about making technological process availible to millers around the world, we’re a real global player with an extensive international network.” Since its founding in 1923, Mühlenchemie has grown to become one of the most important partners for the world milling industry. With its deep knowledge of flour improvement and wide range of innovative enzyme solutions, Mühlenchemie today is an important resource for the entire flour, baking and pasta industry. Whatever challenges lie ahead for Mühlenchemie, for our team one thing is certain, - “Understanding Flour.”
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Effect of inclusion of emulsifier digestfast on monogastric species diets
by Sujka1, E., Téllez1, S., López1, I., Callejo2*, A 1 Lípidos Toledo, S.A.; 2Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Dpto. de Producción Agraria
urrent demand for improvements in production performance (feed conversion rate, average daily gain, speed of growth, etc.) in animal production implies very high needs for metabolisable energy. These needs can only be met with the contribution of fat in the diet. Fats are necessary for maintenance of body temperature, synthesis of hormones, proper functioning of the central nervous system and muscle metabolism (Bjorntorp,1991). Vitamins, A, D, E and K are fat soluble, which means they are digested, transported and absorbed in the presence of fats (Leeson, 1993). Fat in animal diets increases palatability of feed and improves the efficiency of energy use. In addition, reduces the speed of feeds transit along the gastrointestinal tract, allowing a better absorption of nutrients (Baiao and Lara, 2005). Fat in the diet also affects the digestibility, absorption, ingestion and metabolism of other ingredients such as carbohydrates, proteins and minerals (Leeson, 1993 and March, 1980). Excess of fat reduce digestibility, feed intake, less weight causing economical loses in livestock production. Fat digestion occurs in a few stages. Initially, large drops of fat are emulsified in aqueous medium of the digestive system, to which the peristaltic movements contribute. Water and oil are not miscible, so bile salts help in the mixing process, as a natural emulsifier. Smaller fat drops offer a greater contact surface to the action of the lipases, secreted by the pancreas, responsible for hydrolysing or fragmenting the fat. The next step is formation of micelles. When they meet the membrane of the intestinal microvilli they are disintegrated so that the free fatty acids can be absorbed by the lipophilic part of the mentioned membrane. The long-chain unsaturated fatty acids and monoglycerides form micelles quickly, while the saturated ones have a lower capacity to form micelles due to their lower polarity. The addition of synthetic emulsifiers is a relatively recent possibility when compared to other feed additives commonly used. Emulsifiers act by increasing the active surface of fats, allowing a
62 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
F Table 1. Diets used in the study. higher action of the lipases and favoring DIET CONTROL BATCH EXPERIMENTAL BATCH formation of micelles. Its positive effect is more pronounced the lower digestibility of fat, LARD (kg/T feed) DIGEST FAsT® LARD DIGEST ADITIONAL (kg/T feed) (kg/Tm FAsT® BARLEY and the higher the level fat added to the diet. feed) (kg/T (kg/T feed) It is important to take care of a good feed) health of the organs directly related to the STARTER 15,7 0 10,0 0,4 5,3 metabolism of fats - the liver and the pancreas. GROWER 20,4 0 12,4 0,7 7,3 Diseases that impair bile secretion, and liver FINISHER 20,2 0 15,0 0,4 4,8 disorders, lead to serious deficiencies in the absorption of fats, as also happens with diseases that affect the pancreatic secretion Table 2. Effect of treatment on zootechnical performance and carcass quality in pigs of enzymes with lipase activity. Several Av. Daily FCR Backfat Loin eye Lean mean medicinal plants such as milk thistle and Feed Intake (mm) area (mm) content (%) (g/day) artichoke, which are very useful in favouring CONTROL BATCH 1.827 2,18 10,2 51,37 61,47 its proper functioning. Milk thistle owes its EXPERIMENTAL BATCH 1.891 2,17 10,27 53,09 62,27 properties to silymarin, a complex composed (DIGEST FAsT®) of silybin, silcristine and silidianin. Its mechanism of action allows activation of the production and the secretion of to know and standardise their content in active principles, as bile, improving the function of the liver and gall bladder, well as to protect them in a such way, that they support feed and facilitates digestion of fatty substances. Another plant manufacturing processes. recommended to improve the process of digestion of fats is Several scientific studies carried out in different livestock the artichoke. The basal artichoke leaves are depurative and species, have shown that the use of a nutritional emulsifier favor hepatobiliary function; for its active ingredients, improve combined with extracts of medicinal plants (DIGEST FAsT®, drainage, have a slight diuretic effect and detoxify the body. The artichoke has a stimulating effect on pancreatic activity, which Lipidos Toledo SA) has a positive effect on the fat digestion enhances the secretion of the aforementioned enzymes. efficiency and allows to reduce the cost of the diet. The addition of plant extracts to the emulsifier helps these In pigs, the test was carried out on an experimental farm organs, increasing the effectiveness of said emulsifier and (Catalonia, Spain). 132 animals (60 entire males and 72 females) guaranteeing a wide margin of safety in a feed formula. were used, hybrid line crossbreed with Pietrain, which were To certify the activity and quality of plants used, it is necessary divided into two treatments. The CONTROL BATCH diets
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Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 63
F corresponded to diets used conventionally on the farm, while to make the diets of the EXPERIMENTAL LOT the substitutions indicated in Table 1 were made. The test was carried out in the second semester of 2016 and last approximately 14 weeks. The results evaluated zoo technical performance on the farm and performance at the slaughterhouse. The results are presented in Table 2. This study showed that the emulsifier DIGEST FAsT® allows to replace efficiently fat (lard) in the diet, maintaining and even improving some of productive and quality indicators of the carcass. In poultry sector, quickly growing broilers are very efficient animals in transformation of feed they eat into meat for human consumption. This high growth rate also implies very high needs for metabolisable energy, needs that can only be met with the contribution of fat in the diet, because there is no other raw material that contains the energy required by the broiler for its growth (Acevedo, 2012). Tests carried out with emulsifier combined with plant extracts confirm, the great usefulness of the additive in broiler nutrition. The experiment carried out in Spain using one kg of the additive to replace 10kg of lard in the diet throughout the productive cycle, concluded with favorable results, collected in the Table 3. Additionally, in a trial conducted at the High Institute of Agronomy in Tunisia, a positive effect of the additive was observed on the reduction of oxidation and lower growth of microorganisms in the broiler meat stored at a temperature of 4ºC for six days - a factor of big importance in the meat industry and distribution chains. Due to supply constraints, environmental conditions of high
Table 3. Effect of the treatment on the zootechnical performance in broiler. Control Batch
Experimental Batch (DIGEST FAsT®)
Average Daily Gain, g
Feed Conversion Ratio
Daily Feed Intake, g
Final Weight, g
heat stress, “oily chicken” problems and others, proportionally high protein and low-fat formulas are still being made, compared to the standards of different genetics companies in many countries of the world. The use of emulsifiers allows to optimise the energy balance and the profile of fatty acids used. Among the advantages of the use of DIGEST FAsT® emulsifier is the possibility to reduce the cost of the diet (can replace up to 10 kg of fat) and use “On-top” in prestarter diets to improve the digestion of fats. It also improves the digestion of saturated fats (lard, tallow) and has the possibility of formulation hypercaloric diets (for example for lactating sows). It uses less concentrated raw materials and optimizes the profile of fatty acids, for example, linoleic acid in diets rich in corn and soybeans. References are available upon request.
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64 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
Improving quality whilst reducing antibiotic growth promoters
by Marie-Christin Reismann, Leiber GmbH, Germany educing the usage of antibiotics in broiler farming is a relevant topic in the poultry nutrition sector. Prebiotics can maintain animal’s health by playing an important role in balancing the intestinal flora and the intestinal immune system’s function. Yeast cells have an effect on the sustenance of the gut associated lymphoid tissue and they are useful for an optimal responsiveness of the GALT as a barrier and line of the first defense in a body. Biolex® MB40 consists entirely of cell walls of pure brewers’ yeast (isolated from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) classified as mannanoligosaccharides (MOS). MOS are considered as prebiotics due to their main benefit on growing out a positive intestinal flora and strengthening the balance of the intestinal microflora proved by several scientific reports. In this trial should be shown the influence of Biolex® MB40 in comparison to an antibiotic growth promoter (AGP) on performance parameters and chicken processing response.
The trial was performed by the University of Arkansas (Dr. Steven Ricke, Department of Food Science) on a commercial research farm located in the United States. Three houses have been chosen with each house containing 15, 300 Hubbard x Cobb birds. Additionally, three pens in two locations were set up within in each house and twenty birds from each group were randomly placed in one pen at each location to avoid a housing effect (Figure 1). There were four phases of feeding: a commercial starter, grower and finisher one and two. The test groups only had differences in the feed supplementation: group one: 0.5 percent AGP and group two: 0.2 percent Biolex® MB40. The trial animals, which have been housed in the separate pens were weighed at 14, 28, 40 and 53 days of age. In addition, 100 further birds (50 males and 50 females) from each house have been randomly selected for analysing weight of carcasses without giblets (WOG), wing, skin, breast and tender. These birds were located in the Figure 1: Housing diagram House A (NC)
House B (T1)
House C (T2)
20 NC birds/pen
20 NC birds/pen
20 NC birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
Total 15,300 birds/house
Total 15,300 birds/house
Total 15,300 birds/house
20 NC birds/pen
20 NC birds/pen
20 NC birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T1 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
20 T2 birds/pen
NC: Feed only; T1: 0.05% AGP; T2: 0.2% Biolex® MB40
66 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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F Table 1: Broiler body weight and FCR responses in broilers
Table 2: Chicken processing responses Treatments NC (Feed only) n = 91
T1 (AGP) n = 96
T2 (Biolex® MB40) n = 97
3238 ± 390.09
3338 ± 340.19
3342 ± 408.23
317 ± 45.36
317 ± 45.36
317 ± 45.36
145 ± 27.21
149 ± 22.68
149 ± 27.21
734 ± 104.32
748 ± 86.18
775 ± 104.32
149 ± 18.14
154 ± 13.61
158 ± 18.14
NC (Feed only)
T2 (Biolex® MB40)
24.36 ± 0.18b
24.35 ± 0.17b
25.15 ± 0.17a
White meat yield (%)
Results and discussion
Adding 0.2 percent Biolex® MB40 to the feed of broilers showed a more improved final weight at the end of the trial. The group with the prebiotic in their feed performed better than the group without tested additives and the group with AGP as supplement (Table 1). These data show that Biolex® MB40 as a prebiotic can be used as an AGP replacement with benefits. With the results of the slaughtered animals from 100 randomly picked broilers the positive effect from Biolex® MB40 gets more pronounced and is evident from carcass yield. In comparison with the control group and the group receiving AGP, various carcass parts show better results with Biolex® MB40. Overall, the Biolex® MB40 group is significantly better in white meat yield than the control group and the AGP group (Table 2).
Bird weight (g)
Treatment NC (Feed only)
T2 (Biolex® MB40)
680 ± 9.07
675 ± 4.54
1601 ± 9.07
1560 ± 18.14
1573 ± 13.61
2654 ± 9.07
2612 ± 18.14
2635 ± 18.14
3706 ± 31.8
3696 ± 72.57
3846 ± 68.04
1.51 ± 0.01
1.53 ± 0.02
1.56 ± 0.03
1.80 ± 0.01
1.81 ± 0.01
1.90 ± 0.07
1.74 ± 0.03
1.66 ± 0.02
1.74 ± 0.04
1.69 ± 0.01
1.66 ± 0.02
1.68 ± 0.02
1Mort Adj includes total mortality weight in FCR calculation
Different superscript letters indicate significant difference
house but outside the separated pens and had an age of 53 days.
The data has shown before that Biolex® MB40 can reduce the usage of AGP or that it can replace it with consistent performance and better meat quality. The white meat yield increased significantly in contrast to the control group and the AGP group. White meat can be seen as the healthier one because it causes fewer strokes by over consumption with its characteristics of being less fatty and slim-line. Only healthy animals are able to perform better and to improve the standard in broiler fattening. Biolex® MB40 is a natural alternative to reduce the frequently prescribed reduction of antibiotic growth promoters. Conclusion Biolex ® MB40 increases weight gain, valuable meat content (breast meat and white meat) and is a natural alternative for AGP. Further information and references available from the author on request.
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68 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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Feed for thought
Challenges, solutions and future aims for feed safety and sustainability
by Rhiannon White, Managing Editor, Milling and Grain
n November 2017, global leader for feed safety certification, GMP+ International, invited around 100 delegates from around the world to a special conference that celebrated its 25th anniversary. It was fittingly held at The Beurs van Berlage in the center of Amsterdam, a historic venue of 19th to 20th century corn and grain exchange. Over the two days, rather than grain itself, over 20 experts exchanged their insights about challenges, solutions and future aims for feed safety and sustainability, through a mixture of short presentations and lively debates. Alongside the conference, delegates were treated to a walk-in exhibition of artist and photographer, Laurent Bellec’s imaginative and unique photography that he has spent the last seven years producing. His photographs capture feed mills in all their glory from around the globe and his publications offer a thought-provoking vision of the future relationship between feed milling and our everyday lives. In recognition of the interdependent relationship between feed and food safety and security, this report focuses on highlights from six of the presentations given. They discuss the imminent effects of climate change, the promise of big data, the increasing global demand for protein, the need for novel feed and the potential approaches towards achieving sustainability within the feed industry, all without compromising feed safety.
The GMP+ International journey
All the way back in 1992, several incidents involving contamination in feed materials in the Netherlands provoked the Dutch feed industry into developing a code for best practices, otherwise known as ‘Good Manufacturing Practices’ or GMP. In 2000, the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points was included in the scheme, which made the system more preventive and proactive. Realising however, that a chain is only as strong as its weakest link, it was also decided that a GMP+ FSA certificate was to be required from suppliers, which later expanded to include transporters, intermediaries and storage companies. Introducing the Early Warning System and Tracking & Tracing has further helped companies to react quickly in the case of incidents. Also, since GMP+ certificated businesses can only trade with companies that are certificated as well, corporations of other countries started joining the scheme. Having this independent international standard for safe feed was a crucial step because often national legislations can vary from country to country. In response to increasing importance of sustainability, in 2014 the Feed Responsibility Assurance was launched as an add-on certificate to GMP+ FSA, as proof of a sustainable and responsible work method. In 2016, an impressive 350 companies received this certificate. By 2017, the Feed Fraud Program was launched with the aim of encouraging companies to be alert to the potential risks throughout the production chain and to raise concerns in order to control them. Today, across the globe over 17,000 companies in the feed chain are GMP+ Feed Safety Assurance certified although the company advocates that feed safety is a culture and mentality as much as it is a certificate on the wall. We caught up with Johan den Hartog, Managing Director of GMP+ International to gain a personal insight into the journey, “When I look for collaboration in a non-competitive way I always look to see if there is a common interest. A lot of companies realise that feed safety is not a competitive issue because when a big company has control over feed safety and its competitor, maybe a smaller one, 70 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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does not have it, and something happens, the big one also faces the problem of losing trust from the market. So it is a common interest.” Acknowledging that it’s important in general to make clear to the downstream market how the chain works, Mr Hartog explains, “Transparency is also about traceability; it should contribute to trust and also it’s important that a company is able to act quickly when something occurs. Not everything can be avoided but when something occurs you should be able to act very quickly so that the downstream chain will not be provided with contaminated feed. “Whilst transparency should create trust, enabling companies to act as soon as possible, the system put in place by the company to control the risks is what is important rather than transparency itself.” Mr Hartog pointed to the fact that consumers expect and assume the safety of feed to be high quality so really it is a businessto-business communication so that businesses can guarantee customers that their product is safe. “More than has been done so far, we need to communicate on the kind of systems in the production chain that we need to put in place. For us, it is also important to emphasise we cannot solve all problems. We facilitate companies dealing with the control of feed safety. It is the owners of each company who must realise it and we will help. For us, it’s important to see how we can facilitate companies to predict risk in feed safety in a noncompetitive way.” He comments that the world is moving quickly and we have to renovate and challenge ourselves from time to time, which this conference offers. “This conference is the start and opening of the door for a new phase of GMP+ International. Together with our new vision initiative, we will introduce a more ambitious goal of feed safety worldwide and to mark this, next year we will launch a new logo.”
‘Feed safety and food security, a close connection’
A view from: Angela Booth, Director of Feed Safety, AB Agri “So in terms of where we are today, the subject is very much food security given the growing population, growing demand for livestock products and the pressure that is putting on food security.” Mrs Booth insisted that we’re going to have to be more efficient as a livestock industry, which means greater efficiency from fewer resources. She says this puts its own pressure on whether we do this through technology, but also creates the opportunity for the arrival of innovation and novel products. So what four things cause a feed safety incident? “Firstly, ignorance and not being aware that a hazard exists. Secondly, incompetence, ineffective control systems and procedures, although quite often you find there are effective control systems 72 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
and procedures it’s just they are not being followed. Thirdly, irresponsible acts so the intentional breach of good practice for whatever reason be it sometimes time, cost or ease. Lastly, illegal acts and the breach of statutory regulations, whether knowingly or not.” She says another thing relevant to food security is that we have different expectations in terms of different supply chains around different parts of the world. Giving the example that there are still parts of the world today where human therapeutic drugs are being used as growth promoters, she states we need to make sure that our expectations are the same and that we operate to consistent standards worldwide. “The supply chain is still a challenge. We have to put our emphasis on challenging proactivity, communication and keep on working on it, going back as far as we can to understand the risks and ensure they are controlled at every stage. “One of the things that really worries me in terms of food security is that the demand for feed safety expertise is not going to decrease, it’s only going to increase and where do you find that feed safety expertise? Three elements worry me - the blend of skills that are required, the level of appropriate training that’s needed and lastly, how do we inspire a generation to get them involved in our industry? “I’m quite passionate, particularly in the UK, about trying to develop some postgraduate training on feed safety where we can have professional people with an appropriate qualification.”
‘Climate change and its impact on sourcing and feed safety’
A view from: Dr Berhe Tekola, Director of Animal Production & Health Division, FAO “This 25th year anniversary is being celebrated not only by GMP+ International but also by the whole globe because the advantages are spread all around the world.” Dr Berhe reinforced other speakers’ notions that without taking care of feed safety, we cannot talk about food safety. He says we need to be realistic. “There are campaigns against the livestock sector but we need to keep on educating those to be realistic. Not everyone can be vegetarian even if they wish to. In 2050, the population of the globe will be about 9.6 billion - can we feed this population only by crops? It’s impossible. Can we command the productivity of crop by double and triple, we cannot – the land is limited and the resources are from time to time scarce.” The answer for Dr Berhe is livestock. “In a limited area of a hector we can double, sometimes triple and quadruple when it comes to quantity. We must also address livelihood, climate and the environment. Business can be successful when we address livelihoods, when we address the whole community, developing the capacity of the small modern farming system to market-oriented kind of production. When you talk about animal welfare, it’s not only for the economic impact, and it’s not only for the social point of view, it benefits the environment because less stressed animals emit less methane gas.” He says the impact of climate change on crops and livestock varies from continent to continent, and its impact upon the
F demand is different as well. “In many regions production is already being adversely affected by the raising of temperature, or temperature volatility and changes in the level and frequency of precipitation. In 2012, drought in the US created US$30 billion in agricultural losses, which had both a domestic and international impact. “How is the feed safety issue being addressed in different parts of the world? I think we are quite successful in North America, in Europe and some of the Asian countries, but not in the majority part of Africa. We have to be transparent and rules will not work unless we implement them.”
‘Climate change and its impact on sourcing and feed safety’
A view from: Marcelo Martins, Managing Director EMEA, Cofco International “With temperature increasing, we’re going to see an impact on all production areas and more risk of contamination especially with mycotoxins. Therefore, it is something we will need to work together on all throughout the chain. Our role here is to help producers protect their crops to know how to overcome the burdens that they have and at the same time to help the feed industry to understand what we are supplying, what kind of raw material we are consuming.” According to Martins, fast consumer growth is in countries that are not necessarily capable or equipped to handle it and they need help. “For example in Bangladesh, there are 350 million people but conditions for storage are not at optimal level so even if we do all we can before to secure safety, if when we get there the raw material isn’t handled well, it means that we’re still going to have the risk of contamination.
“Going forward, there are many actions to take. We need to look for technologies that can prevent the spread of mycotoxins and we need to be more engaged with the key producers and help them to develop the practices that can improve the quality of foods they are producing.”
‘How data will challenge and secure feed safety’
A view from: Professor Dr Leo den Hartog, Director R & D and Quality Affairs, Nutreco NV “Without feed safety, there is no food safety. Also there are a lot of facets surrounding this such as animal welfare, social aspects and the environment and they all have an impact.” Regarding new technology entering the market, Hartog drew the delegates’ attention to the fact that we are now able to use one hair or one drop of blood to see if offspring will perform well, rather than having to look at the offspring like we would have done in the past. So now we can approach things much faster. Also with nutrition, he says we can impact the animals to produce more and in the coming 10 years, there will be more changes. “We know that 60 percent of the cost on a farm is nutrition, so it means that precision and giving the animal what it needs is important. “Nowadays it is stated that 25 percent of world food crops are contaminated with mycotoxins but I think personally it is even more. With a changing climate, this will be an issue for the future of feed safety. This is why we have developed the MycoMaster because you can go to the customer and right away show if there are mycotoxins in the raw materials. “Four or five years ago we started up a lab and now are the first company who has in the pipeline and capabilities and competences in-house to analyse the microbiota in the animals to show the moment of action and to see what is going on. Then you
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Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 73
get the big data spectrum, you have a lot of sequences of all the bacteria, which are there, and this allows us to understand how feed additives and feed affects the animal. With these databases, you can connect data and get more insights.” Hartog concluded that although we live in a very challenging world, emerging technologies have an enormous positive effect on feed and food safety and quality and animal health.
‘How data will challenge and secure feed safety’
A view from: Dr Dries Berckmans, KU Leuven/CEO Soundtalks NV “Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) is when you want to manage in a different way on a farm so you monitor different aspects - environment, production, reproduction, health, welfare and you do so in an automated, continuous way in real-time. For example, we are detecting automatically in real-time continuously and it’s a very good indicator for respiratory health problems in pigs and by giving early warnings, you can change management, you can do something about it and this is the answer that allows us to use less antibiotics for example.” “Similarly, we looked at what would happen if you don’t feed the broilers an unlimited amount and instead tried to control the amount of feed you give. What was demonstrated in the university in the commercial barn is that you end up with the same end-weight but you do it in a much more controlled way, it’s a lot more efficient, and you have a lot less mortality. But by growing more gradually, you give them the time to develop the bone structure and incur less problems overall.” He called upon the audience to remember that “animals are not machines so farmers, builders, farms, animals, they’re all individually different and we can clearly see our technologies also give different results and that should be taken into account.” He adds that no one actually really cares about data because what people want is information. But to get there we need reliable data. “Therefore, in my opinion what you have to do is to transfer data into relevant information at the lowest level possible for example in the microphone, close to the camera but not in the cloud for example and then you combine a lot of relevant information later on for example we combine information about number of coughs per hour, we combine temperature, humidity, the weather information etc. “For the first six months after we installed the technologies on farms, we were really shocked because nobody was using them and nobody cared about it. So we did one-day training sessions and the farmers became very interested in working with the system. So training is crucial if we want these technologies to be used. “What was made clear for me is that there is a clear need for a service industry around using these technologies because they are too complicated to use without it. But then the big question comes, who owns the data? In my opinion, the farmer owns the data although I know there are a lot of different opinions on this. I think information needs to be shared and so do profits.” 74 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
‘Feed safety benefits from need for sustainability’
A view from: Ruud Tijssens, member of the Executive Committee, IFIF “The starting point of sustainable development is safe feed and food. That is indeed a no-brainer, a clear connection. Feed safety is about managing potential risks throughout the supply chain. “We have developed all kinds of management systems and ways to manage risks, and we have clear systems for how this information is travelling backward through the supply chain from the feed mill. We implement on top of that legislation, and protocols coming from companies like GMP+ International.” He says that our footprints, and our ‘feedprints’ are starting to matter. “I’m working in a Dutch company and we have to deliver in the dairy chain from next year, actual figures of our CO2 feed print, so what we are delivering to the farmers, through the supply chain. That type of information is going to be requested. “Another important subject in Europe is the development of PEF, the Product Environmental Footprint. It’s an obligatory legal framework of how you have to calculate your footprint and somewhere in time and it’s not clear how or when but this obligatory framework is going to be implemented.” Therefore, he suggests that you can clearly see that the origin of our raw materials is also going to matter and it matters how it is being processed. He predicts that sustainability is going to be about what we know about the origin of our raw materials. The question of course is are we ready for that? “It is clear to me that in the long run, information and region of origin is going to matter and the feed safety industry is going to benefit from that. “The whole process of raw materials should be based on risk assessment and I see exactly the same logic we have for feed safety because the criteria applies around the globe and are applicable for every raw material. “Why should I discuss about crop rotation when they have already two or three crops a year? Why should I discuss about pesticides when they have no problem with pesticides? Why should I discuss about child labour when there are no problems with child labour? “I am saying that the approach should be risk based otherwise you are never going to implement something tangible.”
As the two-day conference drew to a close, delegates did not leave hungry – in body nor mind. Over a plentitude of delicacies at the close of day, the cornucopia of ideas that had been presented over the last two days were being digested and discussed by all creating an animated buzz around the hall. Faced with an unprecedented number of mouths to feed by 2050, the food industry is going to rely inherently upon the feed industry to ensure production chain safety and sustainability. It goes almost without saying that the GMP+ International journey is one of tremendous success for citizens on all continents and that the future is looking even healthier with the development of the industry in the hands of dedicated, driven and above all, collaborative experts.
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A lesson in the processing technology of Japanese sake
S by Satake
ake rice (preferred rice for brewing sake) has external characteristics such as larger grain than regular short grain rice, larger Shinpaku (opaque area) at its belly, and a shallower surface groove. Internally it has lower protein and fat contents, with better water absorption to dissolve rice malt. Moreover, its hard surface and soft endosperm is ideal for sake brewing. A variety named Yamada-Nishiki, which is grown in Hyogo prefecture well, matches these characteristics and is quite popular all over Japan. Occasionally, a variety is selected from normal non-sake rice and used in combination with sake rice.
Milling and milling degree
Different types of sake require different milling degrees of sake rice, and different milling degrees require different
76 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
milling technology. Sake rice millers show their experiences and skills for optimum milling, remove fat from embryo without cracking rice, regardless of variety of rice which affect grain hardness. Satake offers dedicated control software including various milling patterns according to rice varieties and required milling degree.
Cooling and washing rice
After milling, rice is cooled down to ambient temperature. This process is necessary to avoid cracking rice grains in the washing process that follows to remove fine bran on the surface. Generally, temperature of washing water is less than 10Â°C, and around 5Â°C is preferred for Ginjo sake. The washing process drains approximate 30-40 percent of potassium, 20 percent of phosphoric acid, little amount of sodium, magnesium, sugar, protein, amino acid and fat from rice. Washing water quality is important so that rice should not absorb calcium and iron from the water.
F Soaking rice
The purpose of soaking rice in water is to absorb water into the core of grains. It enables heat to spread around the surface of grains equally during steam heating. It is required to adjust the soaking period according to rice quality, water temperature, and milling degree. Experience and skill of the brewers are needed.
Steaming the rice after soaking will sterilise and pregelatinise the rice. The optimum steam cooking makes rice grains separate easily, hard on surface and soft inside, and less sticky on the surface, which is essential to make the saccharification process easier.
Cultivation of aspergilli
The next procedure is to inoculate pores of aspergilli into steamed rice to cultivate it. The dedicated cultivation room is air and humidity-controlled. On the flat bed, there are wooden boxes with aerators. The temperature is controlled from the lower part. Steamed rice is spread and flattened evenly on the bed. Temperature of the rice is controlled at around 35Â°C and malt is sprinkled on it. After the process makes the rice temperature rise by 2-3Â°C by the malt, brewers break up rice into grains and mix in the airconditioned room. Air temperatures and rice layer thickness are changed in different stages. In total, it takes approximately 48-50 hours to cultivate Shubo malt and 43-45 hours for rice malt. Shubo malt is one of the ingredients of Shubo. To make it, they culture aspergilli on steamed rice (= rice malt). Then, they add steamed rice and water to make rice glycated. Finally yeast is cultivated.
Produce of Shubo
There are two kinds of Shubo: rapid brewing type and traditional type. Today, the mainstream is the former. Rapid brewing type is also subdivided into several kinds but rapid brewing Shubo is very common. To make shubo, mother water, lactate acid, rice malt and yeast
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F Tomezoe (4th day from the start) as the day one for Moromi. The required number of days depends on the variety of sake. For example, 18-20 days for sake with alcohol added, 20-30 days for pure rice sake, 35-40 days for Ginjo-syu. The numerical value is measured by each instrument to know the progress of chemical reaction. According to the value, brewers make adjustments such as acceleration of fermentation. This is a significant period, which decides the taste of sake, so there is a large chance to show the brewers’ skill. With the end of producing moromi, all preparation is done.
Four step brewing method
Additives and liquid preparation differ depending on the variety of sake. At this point, sometimes “Four-step brewing method” is adopted. Additives such as glucose, succinic acid, lactic acid and syrup are not used for this method. And pure rice sake and pure rice ginjo-syu don’t include additives of alcohol and liquid preparation. are put in a Shubo tank. At last, steamed rice is added and all ingredients are in the tank. They are mixed slowly and tenderly by a spatula. That is all for the first day. On day two, brewers grind the surface of steamed rice slowly in several times so as not to crush rice and stir a mixture intermittently. On days three and four, they measure the temperature of steamed rice and heat air from the lower part of the tank by stove or electric heater. It is to raise the temperature of steamed rice and the inside of the tank. Three to four days later, Shubo becomes to contain carbon dioxide with increasing of yeast. After five or six days of the condition, a mixture becomes fizzy (Wakitsuki). Around the days eight and nine, the temperature of Shubo may exceed setting temperature. Therefore, sometimes a quantity of Shubo is moved to a tub to let it rest. The next day, Shubo is returned to the tank again and matured more for one to two days. Produce of Shubo is completed.
Three-step brewing method - Brewers prepare ingredients in three stages. If they put shubo into a large quantity of water, malt and steam rice in one time, effects of yeast and acid are extremely weakened. It causes bacteria infestation or death of shubo; the three-step brewing method could avoid it.
Hatsuzoe, Nakazoe and Tomezoe
In Hatsuzoe of the day one, they put a quarter to one third of all ingredients in the tank. The quantity of mother water, shubo, and steamed rice are decided in advance. Hatsuzoe is called “Second shubo” and observed with the same control as shubo. The initial temperature of each ingredient is around 12-13°C. We call ingredients “Moromi” after Hatsuzoe. The day two is a break. It increases shubo rapidly and starts to raise the temperature of moromi gradually. The day three is Nakazoe and they put about twice the quantity of Hatsuzoe. They control the temperature of Moromi since the temperature has risen in the tank. Finally, the day four is Tomezoe. Nakazoe raised the temperature of Moromi (around 13°C), so it is required to watch temperature carefully again.
Process to produce Moromi
In the management of this process, we count the day of
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Completion of Japanese sake 1. Joso - Compression, Shibori-
To remove lees from Moromi by using bag or cloth is called “Shiboru” and compressing by the machine is called “Shiboru by Fune”. In addition, the sake flowing out from the machine without compression is called “Arahashiri”. At first, Joso sake is white and cloudy because of floating fine particles. Leaving it in a tank for ten hours for precipitation is called “Oribiki”. Sake in the tank is not filtered yet, so powdery sediment and yeast are still in it. Therefore, when bottled, white and cloudy particles will be deposited at the bottom. This sake is called “Nigori sake”.
2. Filtering and heating
Joso sake is still keep on being fermented in the tank and fine particles are going to float. They are removed by filtration apparatus, and decoloration, flavor adjustment and coloring prevention are done at the same time. Next, it is heated in a range from 60°C to 65°C in order to sterilise and to prevent deterioration in quality during storage (this process is called Hiire). Depends on a type of sake, hiire is conducted once or twice.
3. Storage and mixing
Sake has been stored in the tank until it is bottled. During storage, the newly made sake has a mild and a smooth taste. When same type of sake is storage in several tanks, they are mixed to prevent individual unevenness and performed a sensory inspection and ingredient analysis. In addition, brewers added water to control sourness and adjust alcohol content.
4. Bottling, inspection and shipment
When sake is bottled for shipment, hiire is performed in a consistent process. After bottling, floating substances are checked by a visual observation or an inspecting machine, after that they affixed the labels indicating contents having passed a quality check and ship products.
Quality Control during shipping Assessment and evaluation of critical points in shipments to Southeast Asia by Niku Moussavi Biuki, Dr Eckel Animal Nutrition GmbH & Co. KG “Niku Moussavi Biuki from Dr Eckel, the specialist feed additive company, insightfully explains the importance of assessing and evaluating the critical points in shipments to Southeast Asia. He outlays the studies performed by Dr Eckel in analysing climate conditions during oversea shipments, in the incredibly important process of transporting feed additives amongst other powdered goods.”
outheast Asia already has a high share of global trade, and is becoming increasingly important. However, the humid and warm climatic conditions in this region present a major challenge for powder products. Quality issues include poor flow ability, lumps and microbiological spoilage. Nevertheless, quality must hold, even in adverse conditions. Dr Eckel Animal Nutrition, German manufacturer and supplier of feed additives, shares the results of a recent evaluation of climate data during shipments of powder products to Southeast Asia.
What stays together, grows together
The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), consisting of the 10 Southeast Asian states Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia, was established in 2015. With 4.4 million square kilometres, the economic area is similar in size to the EU. The towers of containers in Singapore speak for themselves: with more than 30 million containers loaded annually, Singapore is a heavyweight in global trade and impressively demonstrates the significance of this region for global trade. Economic dynamism and confidence are already high, and the Southeast Asian region additionally offers great potential for economic growth. Due to the elimination of customs duties and other trade barriers, the AEC will experience a strong growth spurt, which will further increase this potential.
Climate and other inconveniences
Southeast Asia begins east of India and south of China. The
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MoldCid, a blend of active substances made by Dr Eckel Animal Nutrition, protects raw materials and feed against spoilage caused by mould, yeast and pathogenic bacterial growth – an important asset in shipment and storage management.
constituent countries are home to 625 million people, more than the population of the European Union. The climate is predominantly tropical and humid: the determining factor is the monsoon, bringing with it showers and torrential rain. Only Myanmar and northern Thailand experience short dry seasons, unlike the rest of Southeast Asia where the dry seasons are not so well defined and it rains throughout the year – in some areas, daily. Temperatures do not vary much: 20°C at night and 30°C during the day, climbing above 40°C in certain areas.
Travellers to distant countries should first familiarise themselves with the rainy season
These extreme weather conditions affect humans, animals and the environment, and particularly the stability and durability of many products. Powders are especially affected, because they have a large internal surface area, making them vulnerable to external influences. The internal surface area of a powder can be 100,000 times larger than its external surface area. Consequently, powders are many times more sensitive to environmental fluctuations. Although special packaging provides reliable protection, it is expensive. Air-conditioned transport is neither an ecological nor an economical alternative. Therefore, it is all the more important to understand one’s own products and their behaviour in all weathers.
From the start
Product developers are constantly faced with unusual questions: some merely require a certain level of expertise to be resolved, others extensive investigation. But it’s the seemingly simple questions that really make one think. Dr Eckel’s product range of phytogenics, toxin binders and organic acid mixtures contains raw materials of botanical, mineral and chemical origin. In order to predict storability and shelf life, Dr Eckel product development conducted a series of studies to analyse climate conditions during oversea shipments. The studies were organised with the invaluable support of our local distribution partners. The key questions were ‘What are the transport conditions in shipments to Southeast Asia?’ and ‘How do climatic conditions affect the physical and microbiological stability of powder mixtures?’
Figure 1: Temperature and humidity during the summer shipment (August 2017)
The immediate reaction was to refer to climate data and to request clarification from shippers. However, there was no satisfactory answer. Real data had to be produced, but what data?
Seaworthy or seasick?
The factors that largely influence product quality in sea transport are temperature, humidity and time. In addition, sudden drops in temperature could cause condensation during transport. But how could we reproduce these factors for experimental purposes? The solution: data loggers that record temperature, humidity and dew point were included in shipments. The first shipment took place in winter 2016 and the second in summer 2017. The containers were loaded normally and the data loggers were installed. A total of 24,000 values were recorded and evaluated, and used to produce the gradients for temperature and relative humidity (rH) in the containers from the time they were sealed until they were opened (see Figures 1 and 2). The highest
Figure 2: Temperature and humidity during the winter shipment
recorded value for temperature was 42.3°C and for moisture 74.8 percent. Altogether, the temperature exceeded 40°C on three of the 36 days of the summer shipment. Otherwise, the temperature gradient is as expected: the temperature increases steadily during the shipment. The temperature peaks and fluctuations in the latter stages of the shipment, as from day 25 (Figure 1), are clearly visible. These represent the fluctuations between day and night, since the containers are not sheltered.
How safe is transport and storage in the above conditions? Where is there need for improvement? First of all, two important conclusions can be drawn from the data. 1. The relative humidity is between 40 percent and 70 percent, which is lower than expected. The feared 90 percent humidity was not reached during the shipment. Although the humidity
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F is constant over the longest period of time, it fluctuates by up to 20 percent between day and night. Brief fluctuations are automatically equilibrated (see Figure 2, day 31): The brief increase in ambient humidity causes a temporary increase in rH to 74.8 percent, which then equilibrates at a constant 60 percent. Thus, the amount of moisture in the product is once again in equilibrium with the ambient humidity. All told, one can say that 40-70 percent humidity constitutes normal storage conditions and presents no particular risk to quality. 2. The temperature peaks that occur both in winter and in summer are more critical. Temperatures above 25°C are generally problematic: not only do they present a risk to physical stability, they also present the ideal conditions for the development of microorganisms. It is essential that the impact of temperature on product quality be examined in these cases. Back to the original questions: ‘What are the transport conditions? How do extreme climatic conditions affect product stability?’ First and foremost, it is to be noted that the recorded data was obtained from random samples. Temperature extremes as well as other influencing factors, such as container location, cannot be accounted for. This leaves no option but to accept the worst case and assume that containers are exposed to daily fluctuations in temperature between 20°C and 45°C at 40-70 percent humidity. Even the most conservative parties must agree that these transport conditions are far from ideal for powder mixtures. This presents the challenge to develop formulations that can withstand
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the difficult conditions (particularly increases in temperature). Fortunately, there are many possible solutions. Adding anti-caking and drying agents could apply in some cases. Switching from organic to inorganic substrates could be effective for some mixtures. In addition, applying appropriate preservation measures could prevent or at least slow down microbial spoilage. It is to be noted that any measure will generate costs, which must be justified. Therefore, it is critical that the possible solutions be tested in conditions that are as close to reality as possible, and that their effectiveness be investigated.
There are significant regional differences in climatic and transport conditions. We at Dr Eckel are pleased that, with the help of our local partners, we have been able to gather valuable data on the changing temperature, humidity and dew point. Being able to test our products using real climatic conditions will help us further improve quality and stability, and hence guarantee that our customers will always receive the highest quality, regardless of climate and time of year. Manufacturers accustomed to delivering products in temperate climatic regions must likewise invest further and improve their products. Local weather conditions must be given more consideration in global trade, in order to ensure quality. For one thing is certain: if the quality is right, success will follow.
Milling and Grain attended a recent webinar as presented by the Department for International Trade in November 2017. Here she writes up the presentation looking at “Agriculture: Opportunities for UK companies in Ukraine”
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
by Laura Clark, Milling and Grain
kraine, a country inhabited in its modern state since 32,000BC, has a long history of grain production. The opportunities for export for contemporary Britain are numerous. From February 21-23, 2018 the Department of International Trade will be hosting their annual conference in Kyiv, at the International Exhibition Center, 15, Broavskiy Ave. The exhibition will present UK nationals the chance to initiate new business ventures with potential Ukrainian clients. Cathy Cottrell from the British Embassy in Kyiv, Ganna Drozd (DIT) and Chris Jackson from UK TAG (Technology for Agriculture and Genetics) discuss the possibilities.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
Doing business in Ukraine – A few key facts
Cathy Cottrell, (First Secretary Energy Policy and Head of Commercial Section) British Embassy, Kyiv ‘The Ukrainian market is a large developed market, there are five cities with more than a million people and there’s a highly educated work force here with low labour cost. Ukraine has a strategic location between Europe and Asia, with access to black sea ports. Aside from being a world leader in agriculture there’s a broad (if aging) industrial base here and significant natural resources including oil, gas and coal. “Yes there are issues, there is political instability, Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea and the conflict in Eastern Ukraine; other challenges include the dominance of inefficient state enterprises, corruption and over-regulation. However, the Ukrainian government has since implemented a number of reforms to address structural imbalances, we have seen the establishment of the anti-corruption agency and a business ombudsman and the strong support from the donor community here. So although the last few years have seen macroeconomic and political challenges, the economy is returning to growth.
Growth in global prices for agriculture and steel commodities is giving a boost. There’s been a growth in investment in fixed assets, 23.7 percent year on year and an increase in consumption. 84 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
We’re seeing an increase in consumer confidence and positive feedback from UK companies; industrial production recovered by 1.2 percent year -on-year in August. Substantial growth in machine building and construction, suggest investments remain strong. Although the Ukraine parliament satisfied the IMS with the adoption of the long awaited pension reforms in October, there are other requirements, for example: adjustment of gas prices; establishment of an anti-corruption court; an acceleration of the privatisation of state owned enterprises. Ukraine will have to reach agreements on these in order to pass
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F the next review and to secure a fifth loan tranche; this is feasible, although difficult politically. Elections in 2019, although they seem a long way off are very much on peoples minds and the government have a tendency to avoid difficult but necessary economic policies; further reforms are necessary to secure higher levels of international investment. UK exports to Ukraine were up 24 percent in 2016, around 374 millions pounds and the UK is the sixth largest investor in Ukraine. Some of the major companies, present on the market include: GSK; AstraZeneca; Crown Agents; Vodafone; Shell; Mott MacDonald. It’s also important to note that Ukraine is a political and trade priority for the UK. The EU-Ukraine association agreement (DCFTA free trade agreement) are among the initial set of four EU third country agreements being explored for transition to a bilateral UK agreement. Ukraine remains a very important market for us.’
of companies; domestic loans are expensive and Ukraine’s challenging business climate prevents local companies from attracting cheaper international funds. Therefore the competition among foreign suppliers of agricultural machinery in Ukraine is not only about the quality of the machinery, but is also about supplier’s financial terms.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
Overview of Ukrainian agriculture
Ganna Drozd, (Development Advisor) Department of International Trade ‘With over 42 million hectors of agricultural land, covering 70 percent of the overall territory, Ukraine is the largest country in Europe by area of arable land per capita. Although Ukraine has been going through a difficult economic and political time lately, the agricultural sector has been less affected than other sectors of the economy and continues to develop; with 11 percent of GDP and 42 percent of Ukrainian exports in 2016, the agricultural sector is one of the priorities of the current Ukrainian government. It is also the only sector with no signs of decline in 2014, 2016 and is a major agricultural producer worldwide. In 2016 Ukraine again set a record for grain output, harvesting 66 million tonnes of grain crops, which is six million tonnes more than in 2015. By 2020, Ukraine’s grain production will reach 7075 million tonnes a year. As regards livestock it is false to note, that cattle breeding and poultry farming in Ukraine follow different dynamics; poultry remains a locomotive of the Ukrainian livestock industry. The two biggest poultry meat producers and four main players in the agricultural industry account for 70 percent of production of both sectors, turning eggs and poultry meat into major export product of animal origin. Pork production and trade were hindered by low prices in 2015 and 2016, as well as by the spread of African swine fever. In general, market players in pork breeding invest in productivity and bio-security, while less efficient farms, of course, go out of business. With a herd of nearly two million cows and annual milk production of 10 million tonnes, their industry remains an important sector of Ukraine’s economy, despite the fact that it sees a contraction of cattle numbers. Up to today, rural households continue to be the main milk producers, but large Ukrainian farms invest, expand their capacities and increase their milk production. High milk prices in 2017 have created a favourable economic climate, allowing agricultural producers to retain their cattle. Over the last year, a greater political stability, a much stronger economy, of course record setting increases in agricultural output, a more stable local currency and delayed demands, enabled and encouraged Ukrainian farmers to resume the capital investments, including in agricultural equipment. Capital investment in agriculture grew from one billion US dollars in 2015 to 1.7 billion in 2016, the highest growth during the last 19 years. The agricultural share in the total investment volume steadily grew from 6.1 in 2012 to 13.8 percent in 2016. Despite this, the access to finance is restricting agricultural development 86 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
Opportunities in the Agri sector
Import of farm machinery and equipment increased two times in 2016 compared to 2015, returning to 2013 levels, which is huge progress for the sector. In 2017 the trend of increased imports continued since the demand for quality machinery and equipment is not saturated yet. According to different estimations, the agri producers are equipped with machinery for 50-70 percent; approximately 35 percent of machinery is considered today, outdated. This represents a significant opportunity for British manufacturers. However, British companies envisaging entering into the Ukrainian market should also be aware of the competitive landscape. For example, American and other European manufacturers are selling widely in the Ukrainian market; competition is particularly fierce for tractors and harvesters. Competition from the European suppliers is likely to increase for a variety of reasons, including the DCFTA, which is a deep and comprehensive free trade agreement, part of Ukraine’s European association agreement - since it includes the removal of customs tariffs and quarters. As well as the homogenisation of laws and regulations in various sectors and it has already taken place in the agricultural sector.
Opportunities in livestock
Large Ukrainian farmers have expanded their production facilities some time ago and now main opportunities for UK businesses are increasing productivity of cattle, through quality genetics; in animal feed solutions and in upgrading the data equipment and antiquated technologies that are used today; increasing efficiency of the waste recovery process at abattoirs and of course, in processing and cold chain and storage facilities.
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F Opportunities in the agri-chemicals sector
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
Agri Trade Show
Grain Tech/ Agro Animal Show/ Fruit, Vegetables and Logistics is the leading B2B agricultural trade fair in the Ukraine; the exhibition encompasses all sectors of agriculture and takes place in February 2018. The expo annually brings together over 500 exhibitors from over 20 countries and attracts over 15000 visitors from leading Ukrainian and international companies. The UK national pavillion, organised by the DIT, was the second largest stand, after Germany at Grain Tech 2017. Last year more than 15 companies directly participated in the national pavilion: around five companies were exhibiting and more than 50 companies were present remotely through the catalogue. The DIT offers a range of free and chargeable services: B2B meetings with a list of financial partners and contacts; detailed and more ad hoc market research; specialised seminars and conferences. There are a number turnkey and hassle free solutions offered by the DIT, which enable individuals to showcase their company and products at the event: • Include a profile in the exhibitions catalogue • Network with thousands of visitors • Book a specially equipped meeting area to discuss business in more detail • Register as a speaker at the agri business forum, to share you expertise • Have a programme of meetings with potential customers pre-arranged • Experience the benefits of the sponsorship opportunities • Experience the advantages of DIT’s PR campaign Chris Jackson, who attended the Grain Tech last year with a group of companies, was full of praise for the event, he commented, “It is a very well organised event, with good customer contacts; we also have a very enthusiastic team at the Embassy in Ukraine that are there to help us practically to make contacts. I think this event in Ukraine is one of the shows that I would put a must attend during the year.”
LAMMA trade show
Last year, the DIT brought a large group of Ukrainian farmers to the LAMMA agricultural and machinery show, the UK’s leading farm machinery, equipment and services show. For 2018 they plan to bring a group of Ukrainian journalists to the show, to provide more visibility about UK equipment and machinery on the Ukrainian market. Ganna Drozd commented, “We see there is a lack of knowledge from the Ukrainian farmers about the UK machinery. So, in addition to bringing buyers last year, we thought that we would go for giving more visibility to the UK agricultural machinery and equipment as a whole and bring a group of journalists, that will of course result in a series of publications about the UK companies at present at LAMMA. You’re very welcome to contact me if you want your company to be mentioned in these publications and if you are a participant in LAMMA we will make sure that we pass by stand and film or take an interview.” 88 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
The year 2016 set a record in mineral fertilisers import to Ukraine; import of this product demonstrated a growth of 48 percent. This trend is due to agricultural intensification, which turns Ukrainian market into a premium one, even in comparison with the European market. In Ukraine, according to some experts, farmers use three times less fertilisers than in the European union. This means that in the long term this market would grow by approximately 60 percent. In 2016 import value of crop protection product exceeded the before crisis level and totaled almost 800 million US dollars; herbicides were the fastest growing segments. This increase in imports was caused by the weather conditions, which were favourable to the spread of disease and plant pests. While Ukraine has improved it’s ranking in terms of logistics performance, the availability and quality of its physical infrastructure, including transportation and storage remain inadequate. Given the absence of low quality storage, Ukraine loses 15-25 percent of its harvest annually. If you look at the figures on the table you will see the effort that needs to be made to store the increasing harvest output. Despite an impressive increase of private investment in grain storage facilities that we have observed in the last couple of years, further investments would be needed to meet the future needs for storage and to almost double the existing capacity by 2020. Since Ukraine is an export-orientated country, it has already made an effort to develop, not only storage but also transshipment capacities as well. The transshipment capacities for grain are sufficient at the moment, that is why the competition is quite strong in the market and operators are forced to review tariffs. However the capacity to transport, load and reload grain would need to be increased by around 50 percent to meet the future demands, again by 2020.
Top-10 Ukrainian agro holdings, according to their landbank size
The landbank size of these top-10 agro companies varies from almost 700 thousand hectares to 100 thousand hectares; in terms of numbers there are another approximately 20 companies with landbank size from 100,000-500,000 hectares and again approximately some 70 companies with a landbank that goes from from 50,000 hectares to 15,000 hectares, so the landbank of these companies is very important, on the European level but again when comparing with UK farms as well. In most cases the biggest agroholdings in Ukraine are vertically integrated, some agroholdings demonstrate backward vertical integration when they control subsidiaries that produce some of the inputs used in their production, for example seeds or agro-chemicals and of course there are also agroholdings with forward vertical integration and these companies control distribution centres, for example they own machinery distributors or have their retail chains and can also trade overseas. Some companies have opted for a more complicated integration, meaning that they include
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Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 89
F both forward and background vertical integration. Normally, the bigger the landbank size, vertically, the more integrated the company is.
Key opportunities and areas for investment in the sector for UK businesses • • • • • •
Innovative technologies in agricultural machinery Storage and transshipment Project consultancy for agroholdings, medium and big farms Crop protection products Agri-chemicals Biogas and biomass (handful of opportunities – some projects in place/about to be launched) • Animal genetics and animal feeds (a priority for farmers and government, who provide subsidies for farmers) • Organic agriculture (Ukraine holds more than 400,000 hectares of organic land, suitable for organic agriculture, of course the organic agriculture products are mostly oriented to export for the internal demand).
Grain and sugar infrastructure - Challenges
Of course we don’t want to paint too rosy a picture; there are a number of challenges in the Ukrainian market: the political situation, currency devaluation, corruption, a bit of excessive bureaucracy sometimes. Agriculture is a risky investment itself, climate and weather conditions, volatility of commodity prices on the world market and as a result some problematic access to finance for agri producers in Ukraine. The bank interest rates are often climbing up to 20 percent for local producers and it is somewhat a challenge for them to attract international investment. One more thing worth mentioning is the land sale moratorium; it has been in place in Ukraine since 2001 and it was recently extended until January 2018. It is likely to be listed next year albeit probably not in January. Right now fewer than 90 percent of agricultural land is under moratorium and currently the agricultural producers rent lands on medium and long term lease. The current land lease rate is less than US$40 per hectare, making it the cheapest in the world.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
Funding for overseas export – ‘Trade Show Access Programme’
Chris Jackson, (Export Director) UK TAG UK TAG (Technology for Agriculture and Genetics) is a trade organisation, which works with the Department of International Trade to help companies to export. They are a part of The British Pig Association, now an accredited Trade Organisation and Trade Challenge Partner. “We formed it to better represent our broader interests, specialising in livestock and anybody involved in the agri-tech industry,” explained Mr Jackson. “A not for profit charitable trust is behind us, so we are in the job to help companies to export and expand their businesses. The DIT Trade Show Access Programme, commonly called TAP, is a programme that helps companies go to exhibitions overseas. “It has some limitations now, in that companies can only apply for six grants under this scheme in their lifetime to anywhere in the world, which is a major downside to it; you must also attend the show and pay for a minimum of 4 m2 of stand space in order to qualify for a grant. To help small companies access the markets we organise and in this case, work with the British Embassy on their pavilion.” He continues, “We take a space at an exhibition and then we can sub-divide it up; we have to make a charge for that and in this 90 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
instance the charge will be £800 to have a presence at the show. The grant for this exhibition, this year is set at £2000 so NET you have £1200, but you do have your own stand space within the pavilion.” “To be eligible, there are restrictions. It is a scheme that is only open to small and medium sized enterprises. So far, in 20 years, I think I’ve only found maybe some of the big machinery companies, JCB for sure are not eligible, they’re far too big, so for small and medium size enterprises apart from JCB and one of our major feed companies, everyone else I have dealt with has qualified for the scheme. You have to be a company registered in the UK, but now we can have companies that are registered overseas but they have to be in production in the UK, with UK management. “You need to be New to Export to begin with, you don’t have to be brand new, you can be exporting. New to Export is proactive, which means you go out there and get the orders, rather than the orders come to you. So mostly people can qualify on that, I don’t have a problem with that usually. The definition is stated: you have to have less than 250 employees; an annual turnover not exceeding 50 million euros; educational establishments, universities and any training establishments have a right to access the programme. “It is a fairly simple scheme and it is not difficult to apply for funding either; we have a set of forms that we have to fill in, with a little bit about the company. “Nowadays, the way the scheme has evolved as the Trade Challenge Partner responsible for this sector, it is left to myself and my colleagues to deem whether you are a suitable company to export, so a conversation with me would usually decide whether you are eligible for funding; once we’ve got to that point then the funding is paid, after the event, after we’ve signed off a document that says you have attended the exhibition and everything worked out OK for you. After I’ve signed that off, I send the claim form on your behalf in to the government; who then pay me and as soon as we’ve got the money from them, we pay you. So it is all fairly painless and it is a very worthwhile scheme to get small companies into market place.” He summarises, “There is for this exhibition and for all exhibitions, another downside to this in that we are only allocated so many grants per exhibition. For this exhibition I have been allocated nine grants; so the first nine companies that apply will get funding. Three companies have already expressed interest in the show and it is a show that can yield very good, quick results. Ukraine is a country that want us to trade with them, so that makes life a lot easier.”
The Ministry of Agrarian Policy of Ukraine – check current legislation or projects - www.minagro.gov.ua Ukrainian Agribusiness Club - one of the major associations that unites the biggest agroholdings in Ukraine, they could provide you with some analytics as well and an overview of the agricultural sector - www.ucab.ua Baker Tilly Ukraine - a British consultancy, who offer a wide range of services. www.bakertilly.ua Latifundist Media - one of the major media holdings, a resource for updates on the Ukrainian agriculture sector, latest news and projects – www.latifundist.com Department of International Trade – email@example.com. uk Chris Jackson, who attended the Grain Tech last year with a group of companies, was full of praise for the event: ‘it is a very well organised event, with good customer contacts; we also have
F a very enthusiastic team at the Embassy in Ukraine, who are there to help us practically to make contacts. I think this event in Ukraine is one of the shows that I would put a ‘must attend’ during the year.’
BALANCE IS EVERYTHING!
At the end of the webinar the floor was opened up for those attending to ask questions. The following is those questions and answers:
I want to sell into the Ukrainian market, how should I proceed?
As answered by Ganna Drozd Regarding selling into the Ukrainian market, of course, for British companies it would be easier to sell the equipment and machinery to local distributers, rather than to end users. This is because distributors have local exposure, meaning they know who needs the products and most importantly who can pay for it. Also, a local distributor may handle customs clearance, tax payments and of course certification procedures. Distributors also have original presence, meaning that they can arrange the demand for spare parts and repair services very quickly. You can of course sell your products to big agroholdings that often have their own import/export departments; these departments are experienced in these procedures and in importing machinery and equipment directly. However, they will import directly only if it is economically wise and if they costs are justified; interacting with manufacturers (check) allows them to avoid distributors margins and to negotiate a direct price with the manufacturer. However, selling to agroholdings directly from abroad is rare and not without risks, so we would suggest you envisage the local distributors first.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR UK COMPANIES IN UKRAINE
What finance mechanisms are available to UK exporters to Ukraine?
As answered by Cathy Cottrell There is or may be the possibility of UK export finance. Ukraine currently has a high OECD risk category, so the only projects currently eligible for UK export finance are ones that generate foreign currency reserves, so that would be non-payment risk insurance and perhaps supplier credit, which are likely to be considered. I think it’s important to say decisions are made on a case-by-case basis, so if this is of interest I would definitely encourage people to get in touch either with us or at the Embassy or UK Export Finance directly.
How does the import/export system work in Ukraine for animal feeds?
As answered by Ganna Drozd There are a number of UK companies that already export animal feeds to Ukraine, the Ukrainian animal farmers prefer, when they have means, to buy overseas manufactured animal feed because of the quality and the reliable supply chain. There are a number of Ukrainian manufacturers of animal feed in Ukraine, of course; however DIT are talking to a number of Ukrainian distributors that distribute UK manufactured animal feed. Despite the decreasing numbers of livestock (since 1990s) these segments of agriculture are still a priority for the government, especially the cattle; poultry is doing very well and the numbers are increasing. But despite the sharp decrease of cattle and pig herds, these segments of livestock are still doing very well and there is a demand from Ukrainian farmers for quality produce, for quality feed.
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World leaders in microwave moisture measurement
by Rhiannon White, Milling and Grain n the autumn of 2017, Milling and Grain were welcomed to the Hydronix headquarters in Guildford, England for a tour of their facilities and to meet the team. From the moment we stepped foot into the building, we sensed the warm family ethos that suffuses all departments from the main office through to the workshop and distribution warehouse. Pioneer and world-leading manufacturer of online microwave moisture measurement sensors, Hydronix boasts over 60,000 system installations in over 90 countries across the globe. However prior to the introduction of Hydronix products onto the market, the concept of moisture measurement suffered a poor reputation. Managing Director, Jason Laffan told us, “We brought brand new technology into the marketplace.”
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"There was a general belief that moisture sensors were inaccurate and unreliable, however the unique Hydronix measurement technique which is at the heart of every Hydronix sensor provides exceptional accuracy and reliability. We have sensors that have been operating in the field for over 20 years and are as reliable and accurate today as the day they were commissioned" Mr Laffan observed. 35 years ago, Mr Laffan’s father founded the company with a sole focus of providing for the concrete industry. Having conquered this market, it was 20 years or so later that Hydronix realised its product concept and technology could effectively be transferred into the feed and grain industries. As a result, Hydronix now offers two cutting-edge products (Hydro-Mix XT and Hydro-Mix HT) specifically designed just for the feed and grain industry. Wherever possible it is recommended that the Hydro Mix XT be installed in ducting using the specially designed ducting system for ease of installation. This is the primary choice for installation, the sensor is also designed for use with conveyors or below silos. The Hydro-Mix HT on the other hand, is a high temperature sensor created for drying, conveying and mixing systems with a continuous process temperature range of up to 120oC. Controlling precise moisture in grain and animal feed is crucial at all stages of processing and manufacturers seek a reliable method of measurement. Hydronix sensors measure moisture in raw materials for feed and all types of grain; they offer benefits such as reducing energy costs and
wasted materials, as well as producing a consistent and repeatable end product. A key advantage to using microwave sensors is that accurate real time adjustments can be made instantaneously to improve the process. The sensors use the contact method of measurement and are not affected by dust or colour of the material being measured. Quality products and customer care are clearly top priorities for the Hydronix team. Many Hydronix sensors supplied to the concrete industry have been operating successfully in a harsh environment for 20 years without fail, it is anticipated that the sensors for the grain and animal feed markets will have a similar if not longer lifespan. With many years of experience producing sensors for extremely harsh environments, each sensor upholds reliability; temperature stability and wear resistance is assured. User guides and other technical documents are available on the website for all products. On our insightful tour around the Hydronix head office, workshop and distribution hall, we had the pleasure of meeting members of the teams in all departments. Each time we were greeted with detailed explanations of the current world-class research and work they are conducting and producing on a daily
basis in order to sustain their market leading position through technological advancements. Operating through a global distribution network of automation companies and resellers, Hydronix provides exceptional product training and after sales service to customers, including onsite or telephone assistance, training, service and support in local languages. With their highly internationalised services and products, the future for Hydronix is very bright indeed.
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Reduce post-harvest losses with safe and effective grain bin storage solutions
by Jon Engelstad, International Sales Manager, Superior Grain Equipment
xcessive moisture, high temperature, and poor grain condition (insects or damaged kernels) are generally considered the most important factors that lead to problems with stored grain. Reducing poverty and increasing food security cannot be attained if farmers are unable to safely and efficiently store grains and sell surplus production at attractive prices. These issues can easily be addressed by proper grain storage and management. “Grain bins can dramatically reduce post-harvest losses and provide producers with a safe and effective means of storing their grain for the short- or long-term and, in the end, selling a quality product at premium prices. Choosing the correct bin depends on several factors including farm size, total storage requirements, grain type, storage objectives, length of storage, location and local weather,” says Jon Engelstad, International Sales Manager at Superior Grain Equipment. Site planning is an important aspect of adding grain bin storage. It’s easy to focus on today’s production and forget to factor in future growth. As agriculture has evolved and seed varieties have improved, expected yields continue to grow. Planning for that growth or the growth brought about by farming additional land is
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critical to successfully selecting the best bin site. “At Superior Grain Equipment, our experts work with producers to determine the most efficient and economical bin storage solution for their needs while keeping in mind future growth. Since bins require more investment up front, it is important to us that producer’s storage needs are met so they can quickly recover their costs to maximise profits.” Strength and durability are important factors when purchasing bin storage. Grain bins should be able to withstand the harshest elements whether it’s extreme heat or high winds. “We take pride in manufacturing using only the highest quality materials and incorporating the latest innovations to build the most durable grain bins available. All Superior bins are made from Grade 50 steel that has a tensile strength up to 65,000 psi and a G-90 bright galvanised steel coating to protect against the elements,” Engelstad says. “A strong roof is an essential part of the grain bin structure. More than that, it’s crucial to maintaining the entire structure. Full-length roof sheets, 3-1/2-inch (88.9 mm) deep rigidised roof ribs, wind rings and corrugation for added strength are some of what sets Superior roofs apart. Superior is so confident in the quality of our roofs that we are the only manufacturer in the industry to offer a lifetime roof warranty on unstiffened farm bins.”
SUPERIOR RELIABILITY THAT HOLDS HECTARES
OF EFFORT AND
YOUR FUTURE Superior offers farm and commercial bins that give you storage volume up to 795,000 bushels (21,500 metric tons).
Limited pest control and fumigation to control pests contributes significantly to post-harvest losses. Engelstad says Superior grain bins are designed to reduce pest access and can be sealed during the fumigation process to protect grain. “Our vent seal kit uses a proven technique that allows the producer to completely seal the bin during the fumigation process.” For the small producer, Superior provides a line of unstiffened and stiffened farm bins with capacities ranging from 1850 bushels (50 metric tonnes) to more than 185,000 bushels (5,000 metric tonnes). “Our farm bin roofs are manufactured with roof ribs that are locked to the roof wing ring so the roof acts as a single, dynamic unit. Bottom ring strength and stability is also an important factor
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when purchasing a bin. Base anchors are used to secure the bin to the concrete and can often be a weak point on bins. At Superior, our unstiffened farm bins are anchored with a full 44-inch (1,1117.6 mm) base anchor stiffener resulting in a bottom ring strength equivalent to a ring two gauges thicker. Superior backs their bottom rings on unstiffened farm bins with a lifetime bottom ring warranty.” Larger producers are driving a demand for bigger, stronger grain systems. The ability to safely and efficiently process large amounts of grain and maximise throughput depends on systems built to withstand the stresses of daily use. Superior offers a complete line of commercial grain bins ranging from 12,580 bushels (340 metric tonnes) to more than 795,500 bushels (21,500 metric tonnes) and grain handling equipment that can be customised to fit your operation’s needs. “Our commercial bins carry vertical loads to the foundation to resist winds up to 90-miles an hour (145 km/h) and feature one of the industry’s strongest roofs. Our structured roofs utilise tension purlins that are designed to go into tension as the weight of the roof pushes down, stabilising both the roof and sidewall sheets to eliminate distortion. This, along with A-frame rafters and X-bracing, gives our commercial bins the ability to support grain handling systems with peak loads up to 50,000 pounds (22,680 kg).” Today, grain bins aren’t just storage units; they’re also conditioning units that help control temperature and moisture to improve and maintain the condition of your grain. Monitoring the temperature of grain on a regular basis gives the manager the best chance to make a correction when a temperature change is occurring, preserving good quality in grain. Knowing the temperature of the grain also makes it possible for the fans to be run only when they are needed, saving money in utilities. Superior offers a complete line of temperature monitoring and control systems, aeration fans and floors, and unloading systems that can be customised to your storage needs. Grain bin storage provides options for producers to enter the market when it makes the most sense, with the best price. It provides the time and space to be sure grain is in optimal condition so you minimise dockage and maximise profits. “Superior Grain Equipment manufactures a complete line of grain storage, handling and conditioning equipment that can be relied on for generations. Warranties, superior customer service and people with integrity is what makes Superior an excellent company to work with and a strong partner,” Engelstad concludes.
Handling, storage, blending for animal feed
Consideration of a blending plant set up and operation by Mr Gustaaf Zeeman, Managing Director of EMT, The Netherlands his article will describe what is necessary to set up a blending plant and how this plant can handle the fertiliser and animal feed based on storage of the products on the floor in boxes. EMT is producing blending and bagging equipment and has major experience in this industrial sector.
The rest start for a consideration of a blending plant is to determinate the needed capacity per year and also the second capacity. A general capacity of a blending plant mostly always has a seasonal production pressure. So the capacity is based on this. This can be from 10 till 200 ton per hour. This is a high capacity in a short period of time. Many times a capacity of 50 till 100 ton per hour is an average. The second consideration is how the raw materials for the blending plant are supplied to the warehouse. Is this in 25-50 kg bags (Africa, Asia) or in big bags of 1000 kg (Africa, Asia, South America, Europe)?
Or are these raw materials arriving in bulk like Europe, North America, and South America. The number three thinking is how many raw materials are necessary for this blending operation; in general, this is four to six basic raw materials. These are 90-95 percent of the big blending components and the micro components, which are usually supplied in bags. Also liquid product can be added to all the blended raw materials, this can be slow release inhibitors or anti caking liquids. To have a good blend operation these raw material components are also necessary to be available for the blending plant.
This means enough space or storage boxes to store these products. The size of these boxes is more difficult to determine. This is depending on the input of the raw materials. This is done 100 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
by sea ships (big quantities per raw material input or done by regular transport like train or trailers), which every day continues input and every day continues blended product output. So when the shipment quantity is an option then this can be a need for storage space between 2000 till 10,000 ton per raw material component for daily input this storage can be much lesser, like 500-1000 ton per component. Nevertheless the blending plant capacity will stay the same, this is not depending on the storage capacity of the raw materials.
Before the raw materials (when they are in bulk arriving it is possible to screen these products. This screening operation can be done for the big materials and are for the fine (dust) particles to screen this out before storage. This has the benefit that this screen out particles can be stored as one raw material and be re-used or sold. Note: when the screening is done after blending then this screen out particle are also a blending and then more difficult to re-use or re-sell. Many times the dividing of the bulk materials inside the warehouse is done by an overhead conveyor system to divide to the different boxes. For all these machines it is possible to have mild or stainless steel construction. To have an operational blending plant, then all raw materials need to be available. The bulk materials are picked up by a loader with bucket to bring the raw materials to the blender line. When the raw materials are stored in bags or big bags, then a forklift is used to transport these products.
For blending there are different processes possible, but nowadays the most modern blending plants are working with full automatic blenders, where the raw materials are filled in hoppers by the loader and the blending operation is a continue process. This blender type is a Weighcont Blender where there is a continue blend process possible.
The other blenders are batch-blending systems where the
F individual raw materials are brought together in the blender machine (vertical blender) or in a separate weight hopper (Shamrock Blender) and after this weighing process the blending starts in a rotating drum.
The weighcont type of blenders have a high capacity up to 200 ton per hour and the batch blenders are mostly limited to 70 ton per hour. For the Weighcont blender line it is possible to fill these hoppers continue and the control of the blending process is done by the computer system. The batch blenders are more manually controlled. All these blender lines are constructed in stainless or mild steel and can have different sizes. As is described the blenders can have a high capacity and after blending the products will be transported by bulk or by bags out the factory.
When the blender line has a high capacity per hour, then the bagging line that is standing after the blender line needs to have the same capacity. For big bags (jumbo bags) filling these can be 70 ton per
hour per line, for 50 kg bags up to 50 ton per hour per line. When there is a 25 kg bag needed, the capacity can be 25 ton per line by doubling this bagging line the capacity is easy to increase. Also the machines as described above are installed on a flat floor, this is reducing costs in warehouse set up. Basically a height of 10 meters is enough to install the blender and bagging machine line.
As for handling the raw materials there are also portable machines available, then the blending process is done in a flexible set up. This is also possible for the bagging process. EMT supplies machines for this purpose also, like the containerised weighcont blender line and also the container lines to fill 25-50 kg and big bags. The capacities are the same as for the already described machine lines. These container-bagging lines are constructed into 10ft-20ft and 40ft standard containers. The benefit of this is that they are easily to move to different places and also very easily to place besides ships in the harbour. In this way it is possible to transform bulk imported raw materials in the harbour to a bagged final product.
As is written above there are a lot of different possibilities to set up a blending plant and how to handle the products. EMT has installed more than 500 installations worldwide over more than 60 countries. To determinate which system is useful for your company, then contact EMT in the Netherlands, visit their website: www.emt.tech. There is a lot of information available to help the customers to set up their handling transport and blending and bagging operations.
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F CASE STUDY
Microwave blocked chute detection system improves animal feed production Hycontrol’s Microsense microwave-based blocked chute detection systems are playing a critical role at a major animal feed plant in the UK.
T by Hycontrol, UK
he Microsense installations provide the early detection of product bridging on feed production vessels, resulting directly in significantly reduced cleaning requirements and improved production. During the manufacturing process, animal feed pellets are produced by mixing dry powder product with molasses and steam. This combination produces a challenging product to manage and periodic bridging across the chutes of the process vessels is inevitable. Without an effective way of detecting the start of a blockage, the process continues until the chute becomes completely blocked. This then requires a timeconsuming cleanup procedure, resulting in loss of production time and product wastage, together with additional costs from wasted energy for the unnecessary steam production. Given the challenging characteristics of the materials involved in the feed manufacturing process, any control system for these applications has to be non-intrusive. Probes or sensors mounted within the chute would rapidly become coated in process material and rendered ineffective. In addition such sensors can be prone to damage during routine cleaning. The manufacturer had already tried several different measurement technologies to resolve the problems, but without success. However, based on their successes in similar difficult applications, Hycontrol engineers were confident their innovative Microsense 104 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
system would provide a practical solution. As a result, it was agreed to set up a trial on one of the chutes to provide an early warning of when bridging starts to occur. Microwave technology in level measurement has previously been regarded as unreliable, due to the low signal strengths over distance. By comparison, Hycontrol’s range of Microsense microwave level switches are based on a new generation of sensors utilising superior heterodyne detection methods. The technology has the ability to obtain a proportional output to the power received, a distinct advantage over older, unreliable diode microwave sensors. The result is an increase in operating range up to 40 metres and far superior product penetration, all without having to increase power. The switches are simple to install and set up, offering a safe, non-contact, non-intrusive alternative to expensive nucleonics for many applications on powders, liquids and solids. They have a proven track record and are suitable for demanding applications involving, for example, corrosive, high dust, gaseous or vibration environments. The Microsense system utilises a matched pair of devices, consisting of a transmitter sensor and a receiver sensor. During operation the transmitter emits a continuous, safe low-power microwave beam and the output relay of the receiver ‘head’ is energised or de-energised by the beam being obstructed by material. This has the obvious advantage of being completely noncontact – a distinct advantage when dealing with a sticky, difficult
F product like molasses and damp powder. For the trial, the transmitter and receiver heads were installed on either side of the chute, which had previously been suffering from the blockage issue. The devices’ sensors were mounted behind a plastic ‘window’ to ensure a flush fitting to the chute wall, thereby protecting the sensor and eliminating any product ingress. The microwave beams pass unhindered through the window and are also unaffected by normal product coating on the chute walls. Following the 30 day trial, the company has placed orders for several more Microsense blocked chute switches at the same site. A spokesperson concluded, “Having tried a number of unsuccessful options for detecting blockages, we were somewhat sceptical at first, but the Hycontrol system works extremely well.” “Prior to the installation we had to carry out a thorough cleaning of the chute up to three times a day. Now the early detection of
any bridging initiates a warning alarm, allowing us to shut down the process. Releasing the blockage at this stage only takes a few minutes, causing minimum disruption to production and we now only have to carry out a thorough cleaning every two weeks.
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WORLD FEED & GRAIN MARKET REVIEW
Intro Zasha Whiteway-Wilkinson Report by The Business Research Company
Global agricultural output, which was growing at 5.3 percent year-on-year to 2016, is now achieving 6.2 percent, a report from The Business Research Company has shown.
Agricultural market research is important to farmers, millers and companies all over the world. Whether the statistics are rural or global, it is important to know the current trends in the market for the prices for all agricultural produce. In 2009, out of 153 developing countries, 92 depended on commodities for at least 60 percent of their export earnings. Dependency was particularly high in Western and Central Africa, where commodities made up 95 percent of exports. Commodity dependence in developing regions rose 20 percent between 1999-2001 and 2009-2011 (globalagriculture.org). The Business Research Company offers services ranging from small-scale investigative research to large-scale data gathering and analytics. They provide these services for corporates, government agencies and leading market research companies and consultancies. This month they have provided their latest research on the agriculture market as well as global rural activities.
Agriculture market to be worth US$14961 billion by 2021 Global agricultural output, which was growing at 5.3 percent year-on-year to 2016, is now achieving 6.2 percent, a report from The Business Research Company has shown. This means that the market will be worth US$14961 billion in 2021, equal to US$626 billion more than if the growth rate had not accelerated. Its growth rate significantly outpaces the growth in world population at 1.06 percent year-on-year, suggesting that food supply should increase, providing enough of what is produced by agriculture is suitable for human food. Growth in agricultural output will also outpace global gdp, which is forecast to grow at three percent a year. The crops segment of the market is growing rapidly, at 7.3 percent a year, while that for rural activities is growing even faster, at 7.7 percent. These numbers are twice as fast as that for animal produce. By 2021 the animal produce market will shrink from nearly 34 percent of the total to only 30 percent; a difference that means it is forecasted to be worth US$1600 billion less than if it was growing as fast as the crops segment (Chart 1). The Asia Pacific region accounts for 55 percent of the agricultural market. As the regionâ€™s consumption of agricultural production is also growing at above the global average, that proportion will only increase. By 2021 it will be worth US$8470 billion out of a global total of US$14961 billion. Africa and South America are the next biggest consumers of food and other agricultural products, at 13.5 percent and 10 percent respectively, though South Americaâ€™s growth rate is below the global average, so it will fall behind by 2021. China holding 20 percent of the total, India at 7.8 percent and the USA at 5.7 percent are the largest countries in the agricultural. Per capita, however, the picture is very different. The average Indian consumes less than half as much agricultural produce as his or her Chinese equivalent, and not much more than a third as much as an America. The agriculture market is very fragmented with a large number of small players. However, some consolidation is underway. Merger and acquisition activities in the agriculture market have been at a high level in the past three years. Major deals have been put in place by Tyson Foods, Weyerhaeuser Company, Plum Creek Timber, Shuanghui International Holdings, Post Holdings, Del Monte Pacific Limited, JBS, JBS USA, Cutrale Group, Safra Group, Sumitomo Corporation, Rayonier Advanced Materials, Hormel Foods Corporation, BRF
106 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
S.A, BTG Pactual, ALico Inc., Austevoll Seafood, Del Monte Foods Inc., Peak Rock Capital, and Highveld Honey. Global rural activities Global rural activities will reach US$1800 billion in 2021 The rural activities market is the smallest segment of the agricultural market, worth only 11 percent of the total behind crops at 56 percent and animal produce at 33 percent. But it is also the fastest growing segment, achieving 7.6 percent year-on-year against 7.2 percent for crops and 3.9 percent for animal produce, a report from The Business Research Company shows. As a result, the global market will grow from its current level of US$1342 billion to US$1800 billion in 2021 (Chart 2). The largest segments in the rural activities market are agriculture and forestry support services, and fishing, hunting and trapping, both accounting for around 36 percent of the total; forestry and logging is a little smaller at 28 percent. However, forestry and logging is growing at 9.2 percent year-on-year, growth in the other
two segments is 6.2 percent for agriculture and forestry support services and 7.7 percent for fishing, hunting and trapping. Asia Pacific is not only by a long way the largest, but is also the fastest growing of the regional rural activities markets. Sales of rural activities’ outputs in the region are currently worth US$783 billion, but will be worth US$1101 billion in 2021. The markets in Africa and Western Europe are the second and third biggest; Africa has recently seen a growth spurt, from 5.9 percent year-on-year to 7.3 percent, but Western Europe has seen a small decline from 6.3 percent to 3.9 percent annually. The rural activities market in China is the world’s largest by far – currently worth 27.5 percent of the total – and its solid growth means it will gain more in $ sales between now and 2021 than any other country. The USA’s will gain US$7.4 billion, India’s US$54.6 billion, but China’s a whopping US$132.7 billion. The rural activities market is very fragmented with a large number of small players. This extreme fragmentation means that
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supply-side factors have a strong effect. Changes in output levels directly affect the ex-producer prices, which in turn strongly affect demand. Although M&A activity has been at a moderately high level in recent years â€“ BTG Pactual, Rayonier Advanced Materials, Weyerhaeuser Company, and Austevoll Seafood have all done major deals - this is unlikely to change the fundamentals. The extreme fragmentation of the rural activities market means that supply-side factors have a strong effect. Changes in output levels directly affect the ex-producer prices, which in turn strongly affect demand. Thus the use of new technologies, such as drone fishing, remote sensing in agriculture and aerial seed bombers for reforestation, will not only increase the profits of the producers but by increasing yields will also expand the market. The Business Research Company The Business Research Company excels in competitor, market and consumer research on a range of industries globally. We have offices in the UK, US and India, as well as consultants in 20 plus countries globally. We use advanced secondary and investigative primary research techniques to find business critical information. Typical projects include helping clients find new customers, understand competitors and analyse markets. If you have any enquiries related to the research services, please do not hesitate to get in touch. Please contact â€“ firstname.lastname@example.org for more information or
108 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
call Europe +44 2071935037, Asia +91 8897263534 and the Americas +1 2394654962. Copyrights and disclaimer These presentations and reports should not be reproduced, re-circulated, publish in any media, website or otherwise, in any form or manner, in part or as a whole, without the express consent in writing of TBRC Business Research Pvt Ltd. Any unauthorised use, disclosure or public dissemination of information contained herein is prohibited. Individual situations and local practices and standards may vary, so viewers and others utilising information contained within a presentation are free to adopt differing standards and approaches as the see fit. You may not repackage of sell the presentation. The facts of this report are believed to be correct at the time of publication but cannot be guaranteed. Please note that the findings, conclusions and recommendations that TBRC Business Research Pvt Ltd delivers will be based on information gathered in good faith from both primary and secondary sources, whose accuracy we are not always in a position to guarantee. As such, TBRC Business Research Pvt Ltd, cannot accept any liability whatever, for actions taken based on any information that may be subsequently proven to be incorrect. Analysis and findings included in TBRC reports and presentations are our opinions, and are not intended as statements of fact or investment guidance.
Industry events JANUARY n 30 – 1/11/17 - IPPE 2018 USA WEB: www.ippexpo.com
FEBRUARY n 5 – 7/02/18 - VIV MEA 2018 UAE WEB: www.vivmea.nl/en/Bezoeker.aspx n 8 – 10/02/18 - Feed Tech Expo India WEB: www.feedtechexpo.com n 18 – 22/02/18 - Gulfood UAE WEB: www.gulfood.com 21 – 23/02/18 - Grain Tech Expo Ukraine WEB: www.grainexpo.com.ua
Register now for Purchasing and Ingredient Suppliers Conference Registration is now open for the upcoming Purchasing and Ingredient Suppliers Conference (PISC), to be held March 12-15, 2018, in Fort Worth, Texas. Hosted by the American Feed Industry Association, the event attracts more than 600 feed ingredient buyers and sellers each year. Registrants should contact Connie Samuels, AFIA’s manager of meetings and events, with any questions.
GEAPS 89th International Technical Conference and Exposition Registration is now open for the Grain Elevator and Processing Society’s (GEAPS) 89th International Technical Conference and Exposition, or Exchange, March 25-28, 2018, at the Colorado Convention Center in Denver Colorado. GEAPS Exchange 2018 features over 380 exhibitors in the Expo Hall, nearly 40 hours of educational programming and a variety of networking opportunities at special events. Last year, a record 3,589 attendees from 21 countries attended the show. GEAPS offers a variety of registration options for the conference, and online registration is now open. GEAPS International President Barb Kraft, Landus Cooperative, looks forward to welcoming peers from around the world to Denver, she commented, “Last year we set records for attendance, exhibitors and size of the Expo Hall. Over the last three years we have averaged more than 3,300 attendees. Whether or not we set attendance records this year, it’s going to be another great experience for attendees. There is no better place in the grain industry to build your skills, learn about the latest trends,
expand your professional network and browse the latest products and services all in one place.” After setting records of 438 exhibitors and 270,000 square foot Expo Hall at Exchange 2017, the Expo at Exchange 2018 is on pace to be even bigger. Over 380 exhibitors have already reserved space in the 290,000 square foot Expo Hall, the biggest in GEAPS history. Limited booth space is still available, for more information contact the GEAPS sales team. The educational program opens with the Opening Workshop Sunday, March 25, at 7am. Other learning opportunities include up to 24 hour-long, concurrent education sessions, interactive Pods in the Expo Hall and the Idea Exchange, highlighting new methods and technologies that make the grain industry safer and more efficient. Attendees with credentials from GEAPS and Kansas State University will have many opportunities to earn continuing education units (CEUs). In all, 20 hour-long sessions will each qualify for one-tenth of a CEU, as well as the Opening Workshop (two-tenths) and Closing Workshop (onetenth). To receive CEUs, attendees must sign in at the appropriate sessions and complete an online quiz. The complete educational programming schedule will be released in November. Early registration for Exchange 2018 is open until Thursday, February 22, and provides a discount off the on-site registration fee.
IPPE 2018 The 2018 International Production & Processing Expo will bring together more than 1,200 exhibitors and 30,000 visitors in Atlanta, Ga. USA from January 30 – February 1, 2018.
Focus on Innovation
The trade show focuses on Innovation - bringing together buyers and sellers of the latest technology of products and services to make your business successful, Education learning from the experts in free - and fee-based world-class programs beginning Mon., January 29, on topics that cross industry interests, Global Reach - attracting more than 8,000 International visitors from 129 countries, and Networking - meeting new and rekindling old relationships with leaders across the industries. Registration is US$100 beginning January 1, 2018. Fees include access to the trade show floor, select education programs and the Welcome Reception.
110 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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GRAPAS 2018 NOW TAKING REGISTRATIONS
AWARD FOR INNOVATION ACCEPTING ENTRIES
RAPAS 2018 is a one-day conference for cereal, flour and rice millers on March 27, 2018. Focusing on milling technology, milling innovation and milling materials over three sessions, the conference aims to achieve synergy between milling sectors worldwide. The conference will be held at the Bangkok International Trade and Exhibition Center, Bangkok, Thailand as part of VICTAM Asia in association with Milling and Grain Magazine, tickets are US$100 â€“ which includes a conference dinner. To register for the event go to: http://bit.ly/grapasconf18.
Since then, SCE has established a promising footprint in the region and looks forward to building on this foundation. He spends most of his time exploring opportunities with industry players and offering solutions best suited to their needs in a way that the value-add is clear. At GRAPAS he hopes that you will share with him your expansion plans and SCE will help you to identify and develop the best suited solution for your mill building. Mr Christodoulou is actively involved with Agentis Innovations, Progressus, and Athene Consulting, companies he founded in 2011. Throughout his career, Yiannis has worked in various Asian countries in roles such as; technical support, sale representative, general manager and regional director for international companies operating within the animal health and nutrition market sector.
A conference for cereal, flour and rice millers
Two speakers have been announced so far, Mr Archit Newaskar and Mr Yiannis Christodoulou. Mr Newaskar will be presenting the advantages of Square-Silo Integrated Building Solutions at the GRAPAS Conference 2018 in Bangkok. SCE of which Mr Newaskar belongs is an over 30 year-old family owned business, it started its South East Asia office in Singapore five years ago, together with him as its first Employee. He was entrusted with the responsibility of first, listening to the needs of customers in this space and then offering a suitable SCE solution. 114 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
The organisers will also be holding the Innovation Awards once again at Victam Asia 2018. The award will reward the most innovative and economically beneficial equipment, process or service in the milling of grains and cereals for food production at the event. All award recipients will be published in an edition of Milling and Grain magazine alongside a review of the event itself. This will also be heavily publicised through the magazines social media, ensuring maximum publicity and awareness of the winner within the industry globally. Nominations can be given from all sectors of food milling, as well as non-exhibiting and exhibiting companies alike. A panel of independent industry experts will judge the entries. Their selection will account for 60 percent of the final vote. Delegates attending the one-day conference will be able to vote on the award, and their combined vote will account for the remaining 40 percent of the final vote. The award winners will be announced
Industry events during Victam Asia 2018. To enter, please complete the application form found at; http:// www.gfmt.co.uk/innovation, and submit by email to - tutit@ perendale.co.uk. As the shortlist of nominations will be displayed at Victam Asia 2018 for final voting, please be prepared to supply a small display (details of size and dimensions to be forwarded following application submission) to be set up in the awards area at Victam. The winner will recieve a certificate plus a GRAPAS trophy, runners up will recieve a certificate of achievement. The entries being accepted are – A milling technology development (for flour, rice or other cereals), a production process or refinement that makes for more efficient and/or safe production of food and a service (online or otherwise) that helps millers achieve their goals more efficiently.
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This will be the fourth time the Award has been held in Asia (it has been held twice in Europe and three times in Bangkok), and will offer exhibitors an opportunity to put forward their grain and food milling-related products and services. Unlike previous years, the Award will now be open to the entire food milling sector and not limited to companies exhibiting at Victam Asia. Previous winners are as follows: 2016 – Victam Asia - Winner: Denmark-based company EyeGrain Aps for their iGrain and crop-protector. Crop-Protector by Eye-Grain Aps specialises in developing and manufacturing technology for the post-harvest sector. The company boasts a vast range of products that can monitor stored grain and perform aeration control in order to maintain and enhance the quality of stored commodities. 2015 Europe - Winner: Jointly shared by Alapala of Turkey and Bühler Group of Switzerland. The two rollermill entries stand out as being the most significant entries, but it was not possible to rate one over the other. Each offers different merits but both are worthy contenders as winners. 2014 Victam Asia - Winner: 4B Braime Elevator Components won the GRAPAS Award with their Hazardmon product. Recommended were Morillon for their Super SHG Hydrascrew and Buhler for their Combistoner. 2012 Victam Asia - Winner: The ProFoss Online Analysis has true in-line capability has very great potential, said the judging panel. It was the product that swept the pool of innovations coming from the grain milling industry and on display at the exhibition. 2011 Victam Europe - Winner: CPM Europe/Amsterdam, The Netherlands. CPM Europe/Amsterdam won the inaugural ‘Award for Milling’ at the 2011 Victam exhibition in Köln Germany.
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For more information email us or visit our website To register for the GRAPAS conference visit: http://bit.ly/grapasconf18 To enter a product of service into the 'Award for Innovation' go to: http://bit.ly/GRAPASinnovation
email@example.com www.nextinstruments.net Tel: +612 9771 5444 Next Instruments Milling and Grain - January 2018 | 115
by Tom Blacker, Milling and Grain
n Tuesday October 10, 2017, in Grosvenor Square, central London, the inaugural Financial Times – Future of Agriculture conference to engage the high-level and strategic high-level executives in the agriculture industry. The international array of attendees was drawn from all areas of agriculture and food industries, market trading, organisations and industry services such as legal and insurance firms. The conference programme’s welcome letter given by James Gunnell, Managing Director of The Financial Times. Gunnell highlighted advances in technology in the ‘Agricultural Internet of Things’ and ‘Precision Farming’. Despite being buzzwords of the day, these turned into themes discussed at length throughout the day with divergent opinions on solutions and predictions made by many of the speakers. The opening speech was from the conference’s Co-Chair Andrew Jack, Head of Curated Content, Financial Times who was happy to see a good amount of people and looked forward to the day’s agenda, whilst introducing the Keynote speaker. The Keynote address was made by Daniel J. Gustafson, Deputy-Director General of the United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organisation. He opened with detailing the goals of Agenda 2030 to meet the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (UNSDGs), which in brief are: 116 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
1) To reduce poverty worldwide. 2) To reduce hunger and create sustainable food production Gustafson also added that the equally important goal of 50 percent more food production is set as a target by the UNFAO 2050 on top of these two goals. Even though Gustafson stressed these large challenges, he was optimistic and gave an account of his experience and interesting examples from around the world. Gustafson highlighted how unreported stories of success in agricultural production are not being made well known. For example, between 1960-2015, the agricultural production doubled worldwide. Another example is how between 1997 to 2014 in Brazil, there was a 280 percent yield increase and a 320 percent production increase of all food and India doubled its yield and production of agriculture. Gustafson went on to analyse the role of macro-economic
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Left to right: Marie Haga (Executive Director, The Crop Trust), Graeme Taylor (Director of Public Affairs, ECPA), Nick Earlam(CEO and Founder, Plexus Cotton Group), Giulio Boccaletti (Chief Strategy Officer, The Nature Conservancy) and Andrew Jack(Head of Curated Content, Financial Times)
factors affecting the progress of agriculture. It is apparent that in the majority of the world today, the income growth is at an average of five percent. He added that this rate is changing especially due to population growth rates slowing and the rise of ‘middle-income’ countries. Expanding on these points in detail, he noted, demographic data shows that it is possible the global population growth has past ‘peak-child’ birth rates and a slower rate is likely to be followed by a plateauing out. Income growth is evolving away from large countries’ economies, meaning that 100 countries are now classed as ‘middle-income’ in the world today. Other lesser but still important factors are diet changes away from a range of staple crops, urbanisation and obesity. The solution, Gustafson said, is to focus and transform food systems in local rural areas to unlock supply chains, increase yield and production to meet the UNSDGs. Once these can be
118 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
implemented, furthering more technology transfer, research and development and the consolidation of staple food-producing farms generally can help to increase productivity, meet the UNSDGs and food production. The other speakers from a wide range of industry organisations such as The Crop Trust’s Marie Haga, who discussed the need for diversity of crop varieties in the mainstream to alleviate demand on the few plant varieties that the majority do consume. This was a highly useful insight into a respected opinion and experiences of where agriculture’s future could be going. Overall, the delegates thoroughly enjoyed the networking opportunities and high-level speakers. The agenda and keynote provided a starting point and opened up a wide range of discussions both with the panels of speakers and amongst the delegates.
MEET NEW CUSTOMERS
Showcase your products at the biggest exposition in the grain industry. With thousands of attendees, GEAPS Exchange is the best place to connect with grain handling and processing professionals. Limited booth space is still available for Exchange 2018! Contact the GEAPS sales team today for available spaces and pricing.
email@example.com | (763) 999-4300 | geaps.com/Exchange GEAPS Exchange 2018 | March 24-27 | Colorado Convention Center | Denver, Co.
Asia’s largest grain processing and rice milling technology event Visit VICTAM Asia 2018 to learn the latest on grain processing and rice milling technology. Meet over 200 exhibitors and make the most of your time by using our business match-making program. What’s on show at VICTAM Asia 2018? • Rice milling and sorting technology • Flour milling technology • Flakers, extruders • Grain processing systems • Additives Visitor profiles • Mill managers • Food processors/producers • Plant managers • Directors From which companies? • Rice and flour mills • Food processing plants • Grain processing plants • Grain storage facilities • Noodle plants • Pasta plants • Snack producers • Cereal processors Industry related conference • GRAPAS and Global Milling Asia 2018 Conference
Supported by • The Feedstuff Users Promotion Association • Thai Feed Mill Association • The Animal Husbandry Association of Thailand • Animal Health Products Association • Department of Fisheries • Ministry of Industry • The Thai Chamber of Commerce • Thailand Convention and Exhibition Bureau Organized by Victam International BV, PO Box 197, 3860 AD Nijkerk, The Netherlands T: +31 (0)33 246 4404 F: +31 (0)33 246 4706 E: firstname.lastname@example.org Visit our website: www.victam-asia.com See Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, Google+ or scan QR code
Fi Europe 2017: A unique influence in the food and beverage industries 122 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
or more than 30 years, Fi Europe & Ni (Natural ingredients) has been the worldâ€™s leading food and beverage ingredients sourcing platform. Its unique influence is underlined by the fact that more than 25 percent of all annual food and beverage manufacturer ingredient procurement budgets are influenced by a visit to the show. The biennial event alternates with Hi Europe (Health ingredients Europe). Fi Europe & Ni is organised by UBM plc.Â UBM is the largest pure-play B2B events organiser in the world. 3,750 plus people, based in more than 20 countries, serve more than 50 different sectors. Our deep knowledge and passion for these sectors allow us to create valuable experiences which enable our customers to succeed. Food ingredients Global was launched in Utrecht, The Netherlands, in 1986. Its portfolio of live events, extensive data, digital solutions and high level conferences is now established throughout the world and provides regional and global platforms for all stakeholders in the food ingredients industry. Over 500,000
Industry events people have attended the shows over the years, with billions of Euros worth of business created as a result. With more than 30 years of excellence, their events, digital solutions and supporting products deliver a proven route to market for a truly global audience. A true barometer of food and beverage trends, the Fi Europe Innovation Awards honour research teams and product developers for their outstanding innovations and invaluable contributions to the industry. Mirroring the market, protein solutions featured high on the winners’ podium this year. More hotly contested than ever before, the 2017 Awards were presented at a festive ceremony on 28 November, 2017, at Messe Frankfurt, Germany. There were 10 Fi Europe Innovation Awards categories, plus two Start-up Innovation Challenge categories. A total of 17 companies were shortlisted in the Fi Europe Innovation Awards and a further 10 in the Start-up Innovation Challenge.
Winners of the Fi Europe Innovation Awards 2017
The Sustainability Champion Award went to pioneering oils producer IOI Loders Croklaan for its sustainable and transparent supply chain strategy for palm oil. The Organic Champion Award was won by herba ingredients, an allergen-free producer of organic rice flour for baby food that is fully traceable, from cultivation to final ingredient. The Future of Nutrition Award (the only category open to nonFi Europe exhibitors) was presented to Alberts for its Automated Smoothie Machine, Europe’s first fresh smoothie vending machine – now in use at Carrefour outlets in Belgium. The Clean Label & Natural Innovation Award went to Ingredion, who convinced the jury with its clean label-compatible functional rice flour for use in soups, sauces and ready meals. Winner of the Life Stages Innovation Award was Novozymes, a leader in biological solutions, for its Formea® milk proteins – a promising ingredient for infant formulas with a reduced risk of allergic reactions. The Performance Nutrition Innovation Award went to ARLA Food Ingredients for its taste-neutral whey protein isolate for use in protein-enriched sports drinks that are as crystal-clear as water. The Growth Categories Innovation Award was won by ERIE
Foods International for its low-fat milk protein crisps. Containing 90 percent protein, these can be consumed as they are or used as an ingredient in bars and breakfast cereals. The Reduction & Reformulation Innovation Award went to DSM for an innovative cheese culture that makes it possible to reduce the fat content of cheese by up to 30 percent and still maintain the texture and mouthfeel of full fat cheese. For the Expo FoodTec Innovation Award there was no winner, but the company Handary received a high commendation for its biodegradable antimycotic protective film that prevents mould growth in solid, packaged food.
Start-up Innovation Challenge winners
The Best Innovation Award went to Chromologics, a biotech company spun out from the Technical University of Denmark in July this year. Its first product is ChromoRed, a water-soluble, natural red pigment produced from a proprietary non-GMO fungal strain. The Best Natural Ingredient Award was won by Swiss start-up Alver for Golden ChlorellaTM , a protein-rich, nutrient-dense sustainable micro-algae. Richard Joyce, Fi Europe Brand Director, and Awards Jury chairman Peter Wennstöm of The Healthy Marketing Team led the celebrations and presented the awards. Commending the winners for their achievements and successes, Richard Joyce said: “The theme of Fi Europe 2017 is ‘Thought Leadership’, and reflecting this, our Awards winners are concrete proof of how those who are experts in their fields can push boundaries and pave the way for the development of solutions that satisfy consumer demands and drive new trends.” Peter Wennstöm added his congratulations, commenting, “The jury was thoroughly impressed by the diverse ways in which companies are mastering current challenges and trends, such as with all natural and plant-based solutions. The high calibre of the entries as well as the jury members, who had expertise in every field of the industry, are both proof of the quality of the Fi Europe Awards.” For more information about the Food ingredients portfolio, please visit: www.figlobal.com.
July 2015 | 63
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FineTek Co., Ltd
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Peter Marsh Group
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BinMaster Level Controls
Sweet Manufacturing Company
Sukup Europe www.sukup-eu.com
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Cargotec Sweden Bulk Handling
Grain handling systems
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Yemtar Feed Mill Machines
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Detia Degesch GmbH
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IMAS - Milleral
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internationalmilling.com 128 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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Mildred Cookson is Chairman, for the second time, of The Mills Section of the Society for The Protection of Ancient Buildings, an organisation she joined in 1976. About that time Mildred became Britain’s only woman traditional watermiller with responsibility for the medieval mill at Mapledurham on the River Thames. She retired as a miller in 2010. By then she had formed the Mills Archive Trust, the World’s first specialist archive collecting and caring for records of milling history from around the world. The Archive, now with 235 collections holding more than three million records, has been recognised by the UK authorities as a National Centre of Excellence. Mildred has a particular interest in traditional millwrighting and in the development of the modern milling industry from the middle of the 19th century. She is the lead trustee for the archive in both these areas. Mildred has a monthly column in Milling and Grain magazine on the Mills Archive Trust, the column features information about national mills and their histories as well as delightful images which the Mills Archive Trust gather and then restore. How did you become involved in milling in the first place was it something you wanted to do right from leaving school?
no better way to get to know your mill than by looking and listening to the mill, it will tell you if things are not running smoothly and you can correct it.
I was born and lived in Lancashire in the North of England and was surrounded by 14 windmills. When I was 15 my interest started while cycling over to the nearest mill where an engineer was repairing the mill. I quickly realised that this was something I really wanted to get involved with.
Running the mill on my own, and doing the maintenance myself, meant there was only me to blame if things did not work out right. So I quickly learned the feeling of the mill and we made a great team.
Walter, the engineer, taught me to cut out and pitch wooden cogs for the different gear wheels and to learn how to set up millstones and do the stone dressing. After getting married I moved to Reading. I enjoy sketching and painting and found a derelict windmill a few miles away that looked very sad. Here I met a millwright who asked me if I wanted to help; for the next nine years I helped in the repair.
How many mills have you worked at and what are some of the memorable developments you recall?
He mentioned a watermill that needed a miller. Although I really wanted to work at a windmill, after seeing the beautiful medieval mill with wooden machinery I fell in love with it. After a few months’ apprenticeship he let me loose. Everything went well, but handling everything, including broken cogs, changing paddles on the waterwheel and buying the grain was no easy matter. But I enjoyed every minute of maintaining and running this exceptional watermill as a commercial enterprise.
Can you explain a little about how unusual - or otherwise - it was for a woman to enter what must have been largely a male-dominated world?
I was the only woman watermiller in the UK for the whole time I milled. I set up, with four of my male contacts, the Traditional Corn Millers Guild, so I was accepted without any question. The Guild exemplified how a traditional mill should be run. The miller would be Master Miller and train on any apprentices. I always say to anyone who calls themselves a miller to say that again in 10 years time, if they are still going then they are millers! Most give up as it is too hard a job in the traditional mill world. Not only learning all the basic skills of milling to keep the mill up and running every day, but also all the environmental issues, trading standards etc. I was only milling 40 tonnes a year, quite a small amount compared to modern mills, but this was appreciated by the local bakers, and heath food shops and farmers’ markets.
Becoming a miller is not straightforward, as we all know. How did this happen for you and what training did you receive?
I came into milling through love of mills and by being in the right place at the right time. I love how they work, and felt by being ‘totally green’ I was helping in some small way to help the planet. Milling organic wheat, rye, by waterpower, what better way? My training was done by trial and error after a few months of learning from the millwright how to run the mill. There is
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I worked on the repair of the oldest smock windmill in the country at Lacey Green, and then at Mapledurham Watermill. I have also run one of the oldest post mills in the UK at Outwood, Surrey. This was amazing, it made you realise just how hard a job of running a windmill is, having to change the sails according to the strength of the wind, having to stop the mill to do this perhaps five or six times a day. As the body of the mill rotates with the wind you can find yourself looking in the opposite direction leaving the mill at the end of the day, quite disorientating!
You are now a Trustee of the Mills Archive Trust in the UK. What encouraged you to become involved in the Archive and its establishment? Why should millers and those connected to milling support the Trust?
I was concerned over my own large collection of mill material, covering everything from wind and watermills, animal powered mills, forges, paper, gunpowder, and quite a substantial amount of roller mill material. There was nowhere for this to go in the future, so with three other friends who had similar problems, the Archive was born. There is so much information and material out there which would all be lost if the Archive did not exist. Roller mill material is also now in danger of being lost for ever. This must not happen and the Archive is here to look after this vulnerable material for the foreseeable future for the next generations to learn and enjoy this amazing subject.
Do you see the role of the Mills Archive Trust growing internationally and why? And in your view how important is it for the future in being able to understand our past? The Archive is growing in strength daily and we now are growing internationally, with more than 75,000 catalogue and website visitors a year from around the world. Milling started with hand mills, not only in the UK but also in Africa, India the Far East and spread so it is only natural that milling has developed across the globe and an understanding of how this happened is so important. The story needs telling, and the Archive is the place to do this.
PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES Expanding in the Middle East
r Ahmed Elmaazoun has been announced as Sales Manager Middle East for Nutriad.
The company is driving the introduction of feed additive solutions for livestock and aquaculture in the region.
He has been involved in the animal feed industry for more than ten years and couples a strong technical background with a broad network in the region. He will be responsible for key account management and support the Nutriad distribution partners in the region.
Dr Ahmed Elmaazoun
He commented, “I am delighted to join Nutriad and see great opportunities for the portfolio in the Middle East. I will work to strengthen existing relationships and strive to grow Nutriad’s market penetration in coming years.”
Executing the swine business strategy
r Karen Lehe has joined Diamond V as Director, Swine Business Development. Dr Lehe will lead the development and execution of Diamond V’s swine business strategy in North America.”
Raised on a beef cattle and tobacco farm in southwest Virginia, she earned her BS in Biology from Virginia Tech and her DVM from the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. After completing her studies, she served three years in residency at Michigan State University.
Dr Karen Lehe
Dr Lehe then worked nine years in veterinary practice, becoming co-owner of Wolcott Veterinary Clinic/Indiana Animal Health in Wolcott, Indiana. She provided herd-health veterinary services to pork producers in a six-state area as well as industry expertise to animal health and genetics providers.
Expanding the technical service team
oel McAtee has joined AB Vista as Feed Applications Engineer for the Americas, having spent several years working in Operation and Regulatory roles in commercial feed facilities and premix plants.
In his new role as a Feed Applications Engineer his role will be providing feed engineering support and advice to customers in the Americas region.
Mr McAtee graduated from Kansas State University in Feed Science and Management and subsequently managed the KSU Research feed mill, helping build and commission the new feed mill for animal science research.
New product manager
arie-Christin Reismann has been a Distribution Assistant in the Business Unit Animal Nutrition at Leiber GmbH.
Reismann will be focusing on Product Management Monogastrics. This includes expanding and promoting the use of feed from brewers’ yeast products in the area of pigs and poultry at the international level. With her bachelor’s and master’s degree in the field of agribusiness, she has acquired a wide range of economic knowledge of agricultural, animal, environmental and consumer issues, which covers all aspects of agriculture as well as sections of the value added chain.
Possessing the passion for creating and selling
icholas M. Nanos joined Mathews Company last year as the New Director of Product Sales and Marketing.
He is a seasoned sales and marketing professional with nearly 20 years of experience, he has previously said that he possesses a passion for creating and selling great brand experiences. Through this role he is consolidating all Sales and Marketing activities with one department to better align and support the companies business needs.
Nicholas M. Nanos
He remarked, “The Ag industry has certainly presented its challenges to equipment manufacturers in recent years with declining purchases, however Mathews Company has been, and will continue to remain, a top choice for grain drying equipment amongst growers.”
Tanis welcomes new After-Sales Engineer
H Hakan Çersil
akan Çerşil joins Tanis as After-Sales Engineer from mid-December 2017. After nearly seven years at G-Mach in Konya, Turkey, Mr Çerşil joins the Gaziantep-based manufacturer Tanis at an exciting time of their growth.
He trained at the Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi in Turkey to be a Mechanical Engineer with an engineering degree. He says he is looking forward to working with new technology and innovations in Tanis’ machinery.
132 | January 2018 - Milling and Grain
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