Page 1

June 2017

YOUR GLOBAL PARTNER

In this issue:

FLOURMILL OF THE FUTURE • Vitamin A in fortified rice • Preserving feed by getting a grip on moulds • Sweeteners and sweet taste • Reliability is not just a maintenance issue ...but a culture • Indo Livestock 2017

Event review

millingandgrain.com

Volume 128 Issue 6


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VOLUME 128 ISSUE 6

June 2017

Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert rogerg@perendale.co.uk International Marketing Team Darren Parris Tel: +44 1242 267707 darrenp@perendale.co.uk Tom Blacker Tel: +44 1242 267700 tomb@perendale.co.uk Mark Cornwell Tel: +1 913 6422992 markc@perendale.com Latin America Marketing Team Iván Marquetti Tel: +54 2352 427376 ivanm@perendale.co.uk New Zealand Marketing Team Peter Parker peterp@perendale.co.uk

92 - First full colour optical sorter for rice installed in the Caribbean

Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 805 7781077 nathann@perendale.co.uk Editorial Team Rhiannon White rhiannonw@perendale.co.uk Zasha Whiteway-Wilkinson zashaw@perendale.co.uk Matt Muller mattm@perendale.co.uk International Editors Professor Dr M Hikmet Boyacıog ˘ lu hikmetb@perendale.co.uk Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi robertob@perendale.co.uk Professor Wenbin Wu wenbinw@perendale.com Design Manager James Taylor jamest@perendale.co.uk Circulation & Events Tuti Tan tutit@perendale.co.uk Development Manager Antoine Tanguy antoinet@perendale.co.uk ©Copyright 2016 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at www.perendale.com Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service

Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

Rice is one of the most important agricultural products in the Dominican Republic.

ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS

2

NEWS FEATURES

48 Modern milling

50 Flourmill of the future 54 Vitamin A in fortified rice

58 Climate change, macroeconomics and the global upsurge of quinoa

FACES

6-43

60 Electromagnetic frequency technology

64 Preserving feed by getting a grip on moulds 68 Sweeteners and Sweet Taste

PRODUCT FOCUS

46

CASE STUDY

92

flour and starch

74 RF Pasteurisation 80 Reliability is not just a maintenance issue ...but a culture

72 Measuring up the options for grain,

124 People news from the global milling industry

EVENTS

100 Event listings, reviews and previews

STORAGE

82 The importance of correct on-farm grain storage

86 The six guidelines you need to specify a bulk bag filler

TRAINING

45 Food protein course 2017

COLUMNS

14 Mildred Cookson 20 Raghavan Sampathkumar 29 Tom Blacker 30 Christophe Pelletier 36 Chris Jackson

4 GUEST EDITOR Pablo Ferandez Moriana

94 MARKETS John Buckley

122 INTERVIEW Arya Seta Wiriadipoera

COVER IMAGE: There has been a breakthrough in Angola for milling via the design, construction and installation of a revolutionary mill to revitalise the local economy and sustainability of the country - see the feature on page 50


ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS MILLING Flourmill of the future

Milling and Grain were pleased to be able to talk to Nuno Alegria, a representative of the project about the process and some of the challenges faced in building and running one of the largest production plants on the African continent

PAGE 50

GRAIN FLOUR Modern milling

Virtual learning, personalised diets and consumer transparency

PAGE 48

The importance of correct on-farm grain storage

No one can deny that grain storage is necessary on farms. The producer needs to store the large quantities of grain coming off the land at harvest time.

PAGE 82

FORTIFICATION Vitamin A in fortified rice

BULK BAGS The six guidelines you need to specify a bulk bag filler

Exponential growth in the use of bulk bags has spawned an entire manufacturing segment dedicated to producing specialised equipment that not only fills and discharges bulk bags, but offers various degrees of automation and integrates filling and unloading operations with upstream and downstream equipment.

PAGE 86

Developing new testing methods for Vitamin A in fortified rice

PAGE 54

FOOD

STORAGE

FEED

PROCESS DRYING

THE FUTURE OF FEED

RF Pasteurisation

Radio Frequency Heating and Drying Technology has been commercially utilised in the food industry since the 1960’s.

PAGE 74 MAINTAINANCE Reliability is not just a maintenance issue ...but a culture

How is reliability defined? Most people expect that equipment will start and continue to operate as long as needed. But how is reliability defined?

PAGE 80

Electromagnetic frequency technology

Ceresco Nutrition is the company behind the groundbreaking product SILICA+ that is used in animal feed.

OPTIMISATION Solids flow meter or mass flow feeder?

In every industry, including the milling and grain industry, there are locations where a process can benefit from some sort of control, an optimisation or fine-tuning that will adjust the function of the process just enough to make it more efficient, more cost effective and more reliable.

PAGE 72

2 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

POST HARVEST LOSS Preserving feed by getting a grip on moulds

One of the most critical factors in global feed and food production remains to be the prevention of postharvest losses.

PAGE 64

PAGE 60 PALATABILITY Sweeteners and Sweet Taste

One of the most critical factors in global feed and food production remains to be the prevention of postharvest losses.

PAGE 68


The things we produce today were utopias yesterday. Our task is to give shape to new ideas and innovate what once was magic.

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Guest

Editor

The international marketplace is changing The international marketplace is changing, and one of the main changes occurring in the milling industry globally is the way customers place orders and do business. It’s a development that has been taking place over the past four or five years, particularly in the grain storage sector but is true across a range of milling activities. What we are seeing more and more is that key companies are continuously growing but not by increasing their core business sales, but by buying existing companies. That obviously makes for higher growth in the market sector you’re operating in but it does not mean that there’s a larger market in total; only that these companies are growing and achieving higher growth for themselves and taking more market share. This is particularly true for the silo and storage sector where we work, our company recently created a new division by buying an Engineering and Manufacturing Feed Mill company, therefore creating the feed milling division. This strategy puts companies in a better position in nearly every single market they are operating in. By simply buying existing companies, which may be complimentary and not always competitive, you can easily penetrate into a market that you’re interested in. These are not companies that are already in markets you’re relatively successful in, but they tend to be in the markets that you want to develop into. They are in the market you are trying to penetrate.

building up of the brand involved and then there is the period of stability over which you need to start achieving a return. But overall, the strategy works well for companies wanting to achieve a global position in the marketplace rapidly. Underpinning this development is the change occurring at the customer level in terms of what he is expecting from his supplier. Customers often prefer to get everything they need from one contractor, and recently there is a clear direction that this is what the customer wants - one single contractor or supplier. Companies used to contact with several suppliers in order to achieve the lowest possible investment, however, this strategy tend to lead to communications problems between the parties involved, misunderstanding in scope of supply, lack of engineering or project implementation and integration. Even if customers can save money by contracting with several companies, there’s no point because of the integration and the engineering processes involved, which include different technologies ranging from receiving, to cleaning, drying and storage at one time. That is why today customers are more and more requesting everything from one contractor and we can see that clearly in government tenders, in communist countries and also among big private companies. They are more and more adopting this approach. A similar scenario is when the supplier is not the manufacturer of all the components involved in a project, but he does have the capacity to do the total integration to get customers satisfaction, delivering the complete package. In my particular gaze into the future I would expect some silo manufacturers to be bought by big companies.

Immediate market access

Financing projects

For some American companies, buying a European company is the easiest way for them to penetrate the European market, especially given that European markets have different design parameters which the host company, in this case the Americans, are not familiar with. So, by buying these companies they are immediately in the market and are already competitive. We are doing the same and other companies are following. We are penetrating into Latin America and Australia, for example. This new trend has been developing over the past four or five years and the strategy has not yet been fully established to know if it will continue, however, what we have seen is that companies operating in this way are doing well, and we are doing well. Of course, risk is always there and this is not quite as easy as it would appear. Achieving growth this way requires a lot of investment, it requires a period of establishment and the

Suppliers looking to secure contracts need more than an offer of economic and technical solutions. They also need to identify the financial solution, particularly in some of the more difficult markets and regions. Finding a supply of funds to invest in projects is still difficult in some regions. Either there’s no government support or interests rates are too high. So what does industry do? In this case, it is the supplier’s own country that can provide the loans necessary. For example, Germany and Spain provide loans a very low interest rates and even underwrite the project making them completely safe for the supplier. This is also happening in Russia and some former Soviet States. Trends in business may come and go, however I believe we will see company takeovers, mergers and acquisition in the milling industries continuing well into the future. Pablo Ferandez Moriana International Sales Director - Silos Cordoba, Spain

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News

JUN 17

Milling

Solar energy power plant to be installed

I

n the last 17 years, the Genc Degirmen has entered into a new process by integrating all the high technology systems into its own machines. Accepting the basic values of the experience that comes from the past, it blends innovation with this understanding. They have made R&D and optimisation works sustainable in its 30,000 square meters plant.  In this context, it continues its activities in new technological trends and capacity increase in different fields. They came to the conclusion that different areas can be used more efficiently as a result of their efficient field use studies. As a result of these efforts, investment decisions have been made on the projects to contribute to the energy shortage problem, which are open wounds of their region and country that they have encountered for years in the industrial and public areas and to obtain electricity from solar energy and electricity from renewable energy sources.   In this context, approximately 10,000 square meters of the solar energy power plant will be installed in the area of 30,000 square meters of total factory roof, 3870 unit panels will be installed in the net area of 6,600 square meters and it will be an established 1,044kWp power plant.   Investment cost for this facility will be at US$1,200,000 approximately. R&D process completed systems and products will be used not to face problems about cleaning and maintenance. With this investment, they will be able to meet the electricity need in the current situation and it will create an extra commercial potential because it can produce more electricity than the electricity it needs.   They stress that they will not only get financial gains but also will create environmental awareness by using clean energy, whilst continuously working on new products in the current situation. These developments are in the sense of mechanical, electronic, operational safety and aesthetics. Besides these criteria, they also keep eco-friendly productions with the investments and use the less energy consuming products. 6 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

It’s finally feeling like summer here in the UK, and we’re excited to bring you another edition of Milling and Grain magazine that focuses on the latest news and industry relevant features. We start with a story about the importance of flour and its uses in modern times. Alexander Waugh has written an interesting piece discussing how training and education of millers for both production and nutritional value is becoming paramount in the modern mill. It also comments on demystifying the concept of a mill in the mind of the general public, in the same way microbreweries have, “opened up” their production in a bid for transparency. Following on from this, we look at milling in Angola. Collaborative efforts by companies including SCE, Buhler and Grandes Moagens de Angola have designed, constructed and operated a technologically advanced mill within the country. With the future in mind, we have a feature about electromagnetic frequency technology that is being used by Ceresco. The company has developed SILICA+ which is a groundbreaking product used in animal food. This increases the animal production as well as improves their welfare and reduces the environmental impact. Science plays a big part in our features this month as we illustrate how research is preserving feed from mould, how we and animals taste, particularly sweetness, and how this can alter the food we consume, and finally an article on RF Pasteurisation using radio frequencies. We finish with a follow on from our Group President, Darren Parris’ visit to IOAM in April and a report on the recent IndoLivestock in the Philippines, which our team had the pleasure of attending.

Mr Brian Rutherford McCallan OBE 1926-2017

It is with sorrow and sadness that we report the peaceful passing of Mr Brian McCallan Rutherford, aged 90, on May 8, 2017. Born July 1926, he was an inspiring member of the agricultural family. He was the International Feed Industry’s Federation’s (IFIF) first President between 1987-1996 and the past President of the Grain and Feed Trade Association (GAFTA). Brian’s memorial service was held on June 2, 2017 at St Martin’s Church, East Horsley, UK. He is survived by his three daughters, Sally, Lucy and Wendy, he was described as “dearly loved, and greatly missed by them and all the family.”

GF

MT

gfmt.blogspot.com


Milling News

A

‘Turnkey projects’ and big leaps in the Middle East lapala commissioned an Akcan wheat factory in the Mardin Kiziltepe Organised Industrial Zone, the company also commissioned a flour production plant on a 6000sq metre land in Baghdad, the capital city of Iraq. The plant consists of a 500 TPD capacity milling facility and four steel silos with each having a 3,000 tonnes capacity. This innovation was presented in this project having been equipped with state of the art Alapala machines. Completed with high standards of hygiene, the Akcan

capacity, and came on stream in July 2015. The flour production plant has two lines of 250 TPD, totalling 500 TPD hard and semi-hard wheat milling capacity. The six-storey concrete mill was also constructed according to the highest hygiene standards. It is one of the limited numbers of wheat milling facilities in the region, which makes production without any touch of human hands, and it has a fully automatic packaging section within. The full automatic PLC controlled facility has all the

wheat factory will supply the flour needs of Mardin and the nearby cities of Turkey. By commissioning this project, Alapala has accomplished a second turnkey project in Mardin. Previously, Karaboğalar Flour Mill was completed at a record time about five months in the cities organised industrial zone. It has a 600T/24h of wheat processing

opportunities of cutting edge technology, such as remote management and a management information system. The machines Alapala Group manufactures are still being used in more than 5,000 factories worldwide. This addition of another reference project in the Middle East only makes strides for the company improving their already strong position of market penetration in the region.

Ground breaking grain export celebration

G

3 Terminal Vancouver celebrated the ground breaking of its next-generation Vancouver grain export terminal. Together with local and industry stakeholders, local dignitaries, board members and G3’s executive team, the event marked the official start of a three-year construction process. The celebration included an opening prayer by the Tsleil-Waututh Nation and comments from a range of stakeholders including, G3’s board and executive, the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, North VancouverLonsdale MLA Naomi Yamamoto, City of North Vancouver Mayor Darrell Mussatto, and CN and CP railroads. Initial site activities began in early March, including 8 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

site mobilisation and demolition. When complete. G3’s Vancouver terminal will be the only grain export terminal in Canada with a rail loop track, enabling the continuous unloading of fully intact unit trains. The terminal is slated for completion in 2020.


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Milling News

Bob Brill recipient of AFIA’s service award

T

he American Feed Industry Association honoured Mr Bob Brill with its 2017 Distinguished Service Award for his life-long contributions to the feed industry at AFIA’s Board of Directors dinner held May 9, 2017 in Arlington, Virginia. The Distinguished Service Award is AFIA’s highest honour. The award recipients are elite members of the US feed industry that have provided outstanding support to AFIA and the entire feed industry throughout their careers. Brill began his career at IBM, where he was introduced to the concept of linear programming. He then started Software Dynamics Inc., which used that concept for leastcost feed formulation. This revolutionised the feed industry, saving millions of dollars by allowing all nutritional requirements from an array of ingredients to be met in the best-cost combination. After selling his first company, he began Brill Corporation, which began work with mini computers, and later was the first company to offer linear programming for personal computers. This company expanded into South America, bringing the technology into the broader feed industry. Brill Corporation was sold in the late 1990s. Brill then founded Brilliant Alternatives, where he focused on bringing his technology into more international markets, especially Asia.

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“Bob has been a great asset to the success of AFIA, as well as the US and global feed industry,” said AFIA President and CEO Joel G. Newman. “He is a world-class, renowned software expert who helped to revolutionise the feed industry.” Brill has served on AFIA’s Technology Committee and has been involved in other trade associations, including the Canadian Feed Industry Association. He earned a bachelor’s degree in mathematics and statistics from Lebanon Valley College and a master’s degree in mathematics from Penn State University.

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Milling News

Modifying, modernising and expanding mills in Europe

I

n March, Francesco Casillo, patron of Casillo Group, went to Cremona to meet with Ocrim’s managing director, Alberto Antolini, and to sign a contract for a major supply for the Monfalcone plants, formerly Molino De Franceschi, acquired by Casillo. This new agreement is the result of Casillo’s great trust in the Italian company based in Cremona, and such trust was consolidated and strengthened on this occasion. Casillo’s investment is considered to be significant and not idle, since it does not simply involve acquiring existing mills that need to be modified, modernised or expanded, but rather an investment that will also bring benefits to the services and infrastructures of the area. The communities near the plants will thus benefit from a further development of the area with regard to the local industry, economy and trade. We are only a few months into 2017 and three major European companies have already chosen Ocrim as their partner for the supply of plants. Ocrim, a company based in Cremona, is experiencing an upswing in Europe thanks to its proven expertise and long-standing history, but also for letting the world in on its most recent challenges, which include its involvement in the whole agri-food industry. The breakthrough took place thanks to the partnership established between Ocrim and Bonifiche Ferraresi S.p.A., Italy’s leading, world-renowned and esteemed agri-food company. “This constructive alliance gives Ocrim the chance to monitor the raw material, i.e. grain, which will then be processed in the milling plants we produce” said Alberto Antolini, Ocrim’s CEO, just over a year ago. Last January, several members of Ocrim’s management went to Strasbourg to meet Lionel Chevrier, director of the Grand Moulin de Strasbourg plant, in Strasbourg, to sign a contract to modify the plant by more than 1000 T/D, for which the extraction of white flour T.38 will be maximised. The Grand Moulin de Strasbourg plant is one of the 11 plants located in France and Germany owned by the Groupe Grands Moulins de Strasbourg. This new 12 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

partnership between Ocrim and the French group marks the beginning of an important collaboration that may lead to other projects in the future. Moreover in January, Kalizea, a French company specialising in maize processing, entered into an agreement with Ocrim to acquire the supply of a maize plant for the production of grits. The company Kalizea is part of the Vivescia group, one of the leading agri-food industries in the world, in charge of the management of the entire supply chain and, therefore, of the product from the cultivation phase until it reaches consumers.


Roller flourmill buildings in London continued

Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK Messrs. Charles Brown & Co’s Roller Mill, Shad Thames; This roller flourmill was at the time, 1894, newly erected in Bermondsey, South East London. The mill to be known as the Tower Bridge Flour Mills was very conveniently situated. With it being at the water’s edge, for receiving the raw materials and the distribution of the flour etc., wheat could be discharged direct into the mill from the barges, which were moored alongside. The capacity of the roller plant, which was erected for Charles Brown & Co., by Thomas Robinson & Sons, Rochdale, Lancashire, was 20 sacks per hour. The flour was said to have a very bright appearance, and the bran exceptionally broad. Before Tower Bridge mills, Charles Brown worked the Waddon Mills at Croydon where the roller plant there was capable of turning out 18 sacks of flour per hour. The roller mill was a fine building, as seen on the illustration. Originally a millstone mill, having seven floors, and although the floors were somewhat low, the machines were placed so as to give the utmost light and comfort in working. It was noticeable that cages protected all the pulleys, and throughout the mill the same care was displayed in fencing off any possible element of danger. On entering the roller mill, it was noticed on the ground floor that there were two lines of elevator bottoms, 20 in all, and four lines of shafting which drove the roller mills on the floor above. One of the shafts was the main driving shaft and distributed power to the others by seven ropes. The dressing machinery on the floors above the roller floor received the necessary motion by shafting on the top floor driven direct from the main shafting below by means of six ropes. On the ground floor was a ‘Worthington’ double steam pump for supplying sprinklers, and an eight-inch ‘Invincible’ centrifugal pump capable of lifting 1,200 gallons per minute.

Robinson roller mill

14 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Plan of the layout

There was also a dynamo for electric light. The fire protection consisted of 630 Witter sprinkler heads in the mill and warehouse. The primary source of water supply was the public mains of the Southward and Vauxhall water company with a secondary supply provided by a powerful fire pump capable of discharging 350 gallons per minute which was attached to the starting gear of Witter’s installation. The first floor of the mill was for the breaking down of the wheat on a five-break system, the reduction of the middlings and semolina on 13. This was all carried out on 20 double roller mills arranged in four rows, the sight of them on coming up the stairs, with the low ceilings, must have had a striking effect. The first, second, third and fourth breaks were done on six roller mills, each fitted with four grooved chilled iron rolls, 36inches by 10inches. The reduction of the semolina and the flouring of the dunst and the middlings were done by 13 roller mills fitted with four smooth chilled iron rolls, 30inches by 10inches, one reduction taking up two sets of rolls. Thus, when the roller plant was producing 20 sacks of flour per hour, the roll surface for breaks and reductions amounted to 64.2inches per sack. Close to the first break roller mill were signaling arrangements and speaking tubes to the engine house, offices and a hand wheel for turning on or cutting off the feed to the first break machines. A 3.5inch single leather belt drove the rolls. In order to obtain sufficient fall from the machines on the floor above to the roller mills, the second floor was given up to spouting. Although there was a rotary wheat grader with exhaust for sizing the wheat before it went into the first break machines, and a dickey bran sieve and five elevator bottoms. The flour (of which there were four types) once packed, was wheeled into the warehouse across the street by means of a covered gangway, which connected this floor with the warehouse. The third floor was equipped with eleven “KOH<I>N’OR” sieve purifiers.


Exterior view of the mill

On the fourth floor were three dickey sieves, the fifth break rotary scalper, which was a double machine, two offal classifying reels, two small aspirators for treating the coarse semolina before the material passed on to the sieve purifier and two lines of shafting one driven by ropes from the main shaft on the ground floor. On the fifth floor at the center are eight rotary scalpers and dressers, which were for treating the material coming from the first, second, third and fourth break rolls, two machines being worked on each break. On each side of this row of scalpers, all rotating in a horizontal plane, were six centrifugal flour dressing machines with 36inch cylinders by two and a half sheets long, three centrifugal flour dressing machines with 27inch cylinders by two and a half sheets long, and a dickey sieve. The top floor had the remainder of the dressing machinery which consisted of three centrifugal dressing machines, two bran centrifuges, two inter elevator reels five sheets long, and another four sheets long. The ‘Insurance’ dust collectors were said to have been passed upon by no less than eleven insurance companies. Wheat cleaning was carried out with a Robinson separator, a rotary grader for sizing the wheat before it passes on to seven cockle and five barley cylinders, a Robinson horizontal wheat scourer, two Dell stone separators, and a Robinson brush machine. From this last machine the wheat would pass into the roller mill proper, to the wheat grader, previous to passing to the first break rolls. The warehouse had six stories with wheat silo bins capable of holding 150qrs of wheat each. The whole warehouse could store around 10,000qrs of wheat, 5,000 sacks of flour, and 200tonnes of offal. The 240 electric lamps had a special feature, Messrs. Peto & Radford’s dust proof fitting which protected the brass lamp holders and lamps from flour dust or moisture. A feature greatly approved of by the fire insurance companies. The motive power for the roller plant was from a tandem horizontal engine built by the Burnley Iron Works, Lancashire. By way of interest, the street, Shad Thames has Tower Bridge at its west end, and runs along the south side of the River Thames. In Victorian times, Shad Thames included the largest warehouse complex in London. Completed in 1873, the warehouses housed huge quantities of tea, coffee, spices and other commodities, which were unloaded and loaded onto riverboats.

Quote from an1878 book:

Shad Thames, and, indeed, the whole riverside, contains extensive granaries and storehouses for the supply of the metropolis. Indeed, from Morgan’s Lane—a turning about the

middle of Tooley Street, on the north side, to St. Saviour’s (once called Savory) Dock, the whole line of street—called in one part Pickle Herring Street, and in another Shad Thames—exhibits an uninterrupted series of wharves, warehouses, mills, and factories, on both sides of the narrow and crowded roadway. Reference - The Miller April 2 1894, page 91 mills@millsarchive.org

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Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 15


Milling and Grain supports the aims and objectives of the Mills Archive Trust, based in Reading, England. The history of milling no matter where it has taken place - is being archived by the Trust. For well over 100 years milling technology has been global with many magazines serving or having served our industry from flour and food to feed and oilseed processing and now to fish feeds. A most recent contribution to the Trust’s collection is a complete century of past edition of the now out-of-print ‘NorthWestern Miller’ from the United States. We are proud to present here, front cover illustrations from this valued and longserving publication as a visual reminder of the importance contribution past magazines provided to our industry.

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Art in the Archive We are a charity that saves the world’s milling images and documents and makes them freely available for reference. We have more than two million records. We aim to cover the entire history of milling, from its ancient origins up to the present day. Find out what we have and how you can help us grow.

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Improving nutrition and the antioxidant status of birds

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ecent research has been released from Lallemand Animal Nutrition, it was presented during the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN). The reports say that commercial poultry production can cause oxidative stress, which decreases performance and reproductive efficiency in broilers, breeders and commercial layers. Lallemand Animal Nutrition has focused their R&D efforts on offering complementary natural antioxidant solutions for broilers and layers. The company showcased their three new antioxidant studies at the 21st European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN 2017), which took place in Salou, VilaSeca, Spain, May 8-11, 2017. These included: • Model development for selenium enrichment in broilers following Se-yeast supplementation. • Comparision of selenium bioavailability in laying hens fed different organic selenium sources. • Stimulation of antioxidant defences and protection of the immune system in broilers supplemented with pelleted SOD-rich melon pulp concentrate. In a context of increased pressure to reduce antibiotic use in animal feeding, reinforcement of natural defences through support of immunity has become a key target for producers. Selenium yeast bioavailability in broilers One student presented was conducted in broilers to measure the bioavailability of organic selenium (Alkosel, selenium enriched yeast) as compared to inorganic selenium (sodium selenite) in various organs (serum, feathers, muscle, bursa of Fabricius) in order to develop a practical method to evaluate selenium (Se) bioavalibility. While it was shown that Se bioavailability and kinetics can differ according to the analysed organ, it was concluded that: Alkosel showed better efficiency than sodium selenite to enrich Se level in the four analysed compartments: serum, feathers, muscle, and bursa of Fabricius, even as early as 14 days of age (first time point of the analysis). Feathers represent a valuable and practical compartment to assess Se assimilation (Figure 1). Besides laying hens, growing animals such as broilers could therefore represent an interesting model to discriminate the assimilation of Se from different sources. Until now, in broilers, Se assimilation was usually assessed at the end of the production cycle, which did not give any information on the rate of Se metabolism and enrichment in the growing animals. All selenium sources are not equal: laying hens study In this study, laying hens were used as a model to evaluate the bioavailability and transfer rate of different Se forms, through Se measurement in eggs and muscles. Se yeast (Alkosel) was compared to a mineral source (sodium selenite; SS) and two different sources of synthetic selenomethionine (SeMet); SM1 and SM2. The results obtained indicate the superior bioavailability of

Alkosel as compared to those three sources of Se (Figure 2). Indeed, Se transfer ratios from feed to the egg yolk and albumen were significantly higher for Se yeast than for inorganic Se or synthetic SeMet sources. This can be explained by the fact that besides SeMet, Alkosel contains other active forms of organic Se, in particular Selenocysteine (SeCys), yielding a total organic selenium content above 98 percent and Se metabolic pathways in the body involve not only SeMet but also other amino acids, in particular SeCys. Therefore, the combined presence of SeMet and SeCys in Alkosel could offer optimal balance for Se uptake and utilisation by the animal. Moreover, in this trial, eggs from Alkosel fed birds also showed the lowest water loss, a significant sign of egg quality. Melon SOD supports broilers immune system Melon superoxide dismutase (SOD) is a source of primary antioxidants used in poultry feeding (MELOFEED). It was previously shown to increase the endogenous expression of antioxidant enzymes in the reproductive tract of laying hens. A new study was conducted to evaluate melon SOD efficacy to reinforce antioxidant defenses in broilers and support their immune system when added in pelleted feed.

Figure 1

Figure 2

The study confirmed the mode of action of this antioxidant source with the increased expression of endogenous SOD in the birds’ bursa of Fabricius and in the intestine. It also showed the efficacy of this SOD-rich feed ingredient to reinforce the birds’ antioxidant defenses, to support its immune system functioning as shown by analysis of the bursa of Fabricius, the most important organ of birds’ immune system. Furthermore it helps maintain muscle cells integrity and growth. Finally, the study indicated that melon SOD was compatible with feed pelleting conditions used in this trial (Melon SOD inclusion in broiler feed, pelleting at 65°C for 10s and coating with 1% soya oil). Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 17


Milling News

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New Asia Pacific regional hub in Singapore esaffre, a French family-owned company with more than 160 years of history and a global key player in yeasts and fermentation products, have set up a new expertise hub in Singapore. On May 16, 2017, Mr Antoine Baule, Chief Executive Officer of Lesaffre, inaugurated the new premises in the presence of Ms Low Yen Ling, Senior Parliamentary

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Secretary, Ministry of Trade and Industry and Ministry of Education, and His Excellency, Mr Marc Abensour, Ambassador of France to Singapore. The new Singapore regional hub houses at the same location as several of its teams in baking, food taste, human health and nutrition, animal care and biotechnology, and will consolidate Lesaffre’s various business streams at the forefront of advanced yeast applications and improve collaborative engineering of tailored business solutions in the region. During the opening event, guests were introduced to the company’s full range of capabilities. The 1,000-sqm space also houses a Lesaffre Baking Center™ – one of the largest in the world – and a Culinary Centre, serving as collaborative spaces for innovation as Asian consumers’ palates and nutritional demands rapidly evolve. The two brand new application centres are dedicated to baking and culinary applications and enable the group to better adapt and respond to the cultural habits and trends across Asia Pacific. “Being at the heart of a region with an important role in the food, biotechnology, human and animal care sectors, fully justify the company’s investments in Singapore. As a family-owned group, headquartered in France and operating in Asia Pacific for more than 40 years, Lesaffre is very committed to its new set up in Singapore to better serve its customers in the region.” said Mr Antoine Baule, CEO of Lesaffre. The Singapore hub cements Lesaffre’s commitment to its regional customers working with them to meet local demands in a diverse region. The project, an investment of US$4 million, is expected to create more than 75 jobs by the end of 2018. Mr Joergen Lundgaard, Managing Director, Asia Pacific, said, “Singapore’s capabilities as a high quality, future ready, global food ingredients hub was a key factor in our decision to make it the home of our Asia Pacific regional hub. Lesaffre will continue to invest in local and regional talent, process capabilities and innovative technology to support the robust growth in this important region.”


The Raghavan Report Asia’s food future: A fresh perspective Grain industry’s drive for innovations by Raghavan (‘Ragha’) Sampathkumar Innovation is the prerequisite for any industry to survive and grow in the long run and grain industry isn’t different. Particularly, the global grain industry does not have the comfort to be oblivious of the future challenges unless it is willing to explore all avenues. Sectors that once seemed too different and disconnected are increasingly becoming integrated and interdependent. Who would have imagined how interdependent are agriculture and informational technology and aeronautics? Today, these sectors are paving way for a new and efficient agricultural industry globally. Similarly, one of such examples I have come across recently made me think how related are human medicine and agriculture as explained towards the end of this column. Since a few months, the global trading alliances are getting reviewed as China is pushing for its Belt and Road Initiative with its neighbours. There are talks about a few hundred billion dollars worth of economic benefit from the initiative with China as its center both as a prominent supplier and consumer. Though the initiative remains to be seen for its reception by the big economies including India, Southeast Asia has warmed up to the idea. It is no surprise that many ASEAN economies have historically been closely linked with China for their trade and for many China remains one of the largest trade partners. This would mean, in the coming years the trade agreements and comprehensive economic partnerships are likely to materialise. However, two of the prominent countries – India and Singapore – are still considering their roles in the initiative. More details and insights will be shared in this column in the coming months as the initiative evolves. China has been in the news for yet another reason as a Chinese firm has pioneered the innovation that was mentioned at the beginning of the column. The grain industry particularly rice sector has been under severe stress in the recent years due to a supply glut in Thailand in the recent past. Although rice consumption in Asia is facing a downward trend due to economic growth in the region, the humble grain contributes more than two-thirds of calories for nearly two billion people. But the sector is at the cross roads desperate for innovations that would open up new options for increasing its utilisation and stabilise prices in the long run. Recently a Chinese company got clearance from the government to initiate clinical trials of extracting albumin from transgenic rice. Albumin an essential item in surgeries can supplement human serum and save precious human life. It is expected that the commercial sale of albumin from rice seeds is just four or five years away. Though this is still in the initial stages of experimentation, this is an interesting example of how agriculture must need to align itself with the other sectors in order to achieve growth. Already agriculture is serving as one of the key sources for several industries such as biofuels and biopolymers. Interesting times are ahead with new and innovative ideas like these continue to emerge pushing its boundaries beyond any conceivable limits. If you have any feedback or would like to discuss anything mentioned in this column further, please send me an email on: vnsraghav@gmail.com Or if you’d like to read more of my work, have a look at my blog: ‘asmalltownkid.wordpress.com’ Raghavan (‘Ragha’) Sampathkumar is a seasoned food and agribusiness professional with 360 degree understanding of the complex political, socioeconomic, environmental and cultural perspectives of the Agri-Food value chain. He has more than 13 years of experience working in various subsectors of food & agribusiness including agro commodities, international trade, agri-inputs, biotech, and animal nutrition sectors across Asia-Pacific. 20 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Unprecedented times of food insecurity

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his year an unprecedented 70 million people across 45 countries will be in need of emergency food assistance, driven by persistent conflict, severe drought and economic instability. Four countries face the threat of famine, putting a combined 20 million people at risk of dire food insecurity according to the UN. It has been reported that the members of the Food Assistance Committee are deeply concerned by the declaration of famine in South Sudan and the risk of famine in Somalia, Yemen and Nigeria. Call for urgent action Acting swiftly in response to the UN Secretary General’s call for urgent action to avert catastrophe, FAC members are working together with the rest of the international community to help mitigate the impacts of food insecurity in these countries, ensuring the needs of the most vulnerable are addressed. To date in 2017, FAC members have provided US$1.4 billion in food assistance to the previously stated countries. These crisis are man-made Matthew Nims, FAC Chair, explains, “These crisis are manmade and direct consequence of conflict.” He continues, “We are in unprecedented times of food insecurity, but we don’t want it to be the year when famine becomes a more commonplace word.” The FAC are calling on the governments of the affected countries to help ensure that there is unimpeded humanitarian access to everyone facing famine, or at risk of famine. They say that without access, the most vulnerable cannot be reached and aid efforts will not be able to help avert escalating catastrophe. They have asked that other donors and members of the international community to provide timely additional humanitarian assistance to save lives and support the people of the most at risk countries.


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Milling News

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Motor-operated roll adjustment for pellet mill launched an Aarsen have launched their new CU Dynamic pellet mill with motor-operated roller adjustment and active roller slip control. The company develops, manufactures and supplies machines and complete production lines for compound feed and premixes worldwide. The product is said to prevent downtime and increase flexibility, quality and capacity. This means that mixed feed manufacturers can always produce exactly the correct pellet quality with one press on the button. Moreover, producers can prevent downtime caused by the mill becoming blocked. This results in a 15 percent increase in production capacity. The motor-operated roller adjustment increases pellet quality and production capacity. Whereas, an optimum constant pellet quality boosts feed intake and animal health. In addition, optimum quality feed pellets means less dust and waste in transport systems and feed equipment. However, supplying the correct pellet quality is not a

If the mill stops due to another overload, the rollers can be retracted by the motor-operated roller adjustment and pressed against the die so that the mill starts up again quickly. The motor-operated adjustment is even possible while the pellet mill is in operation. In combination with the roller slip control, the operator can experiment during the production process with the correct roller adjustment to optimise pellet mill load and production capacity.

constant process and is highly dependent on factors such as desired end quality, production capacity, the recipe used and raw materials. When milling the correct pellet, setting the correct roller distance to the die is one of the main factors to guarantee correct pellet quality. This is a time-consuming factor that in practice calls for so many manual actions that correct setting is almost impossible.

changed quickly and easily. As the mechanical energy factor can also be determined by setting roller distance, the die (thickness) does not have to be changed as often. The CU Dynamic Mill is equipped with a die cleaning mode so that the operator can clean the die easily whenever he wants. As the meal does not have the opportunity to cake onto the die, the mill can start up again quickly after stopping. As the rollers retract automatically after each product, there is less wear of the die and roller and their life is increased by up to 30 percent.

Reduced downtime by 95 percent The mill is equipped with an active roller slip control system. When the rollers slip and the mill threatens to become full, the system detects the slip and takes immediate action. This is because the active roller slip control presses the rollers immediately against the die, hence preventing the rollers slipping and the meal accumulated in front of the roller is milled away. The control system reduces downtime due to roller slip by 95 percent. 22 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Reduce wear and die changes The creators developed the new CU Dynamic pellet mill with motor-operated roller adjustment especially for cattle feed manufacturers who have to make regular recipe changes. With this new mill feed producers can set optimum roller distance to the die with one press on the button. Thanks to a link to the factory automation system it is possible to select the correct roller setting automatically for certain recipe settings. This means the recipe can be

Payback time less than two years The mill also increases flexibility and pellet quality, resulting in an increase in production capacity and also savings on maintenance and equipment. If required, existing Van Aarsen mills can be upgraded to the CU Dynamic.


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Milling News

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How can the US grain industry continue to lead? S agriculture can continue to feed a growing world and meet consumer demand for healthy, nutritious foods by leveraging new technologies, expanding research and development, attracting top talent, and working with governments to shore up critical infrastructure. This was the message Juan Luciano, chairman and CEO of Archer Daniels Midland Company, brought to the National Grain and Feed Association in a keynote address Monday in New Orleans.  Luciano said his confidence stemmed from the central role US agriculture has played in improving the human condition in recent decades. He commented, “Led by the US, the world has been able not only to feed a population that has increased by five billion since 1950, but also to feed the world a better diet.” He noted that global poverty had fallen faster in the past 20 years than at any time in history, and that the global infant mortality rate in 2015 was about half the 1990 rate.  He cited several global trends with broad implications for the agriculture and food industries: the emergence of China and India as economic forces rivalling the US; growth in consumer demand for nutritious foods; and rapid technological innovation, which has led to the widespread use of sensors and satellite imagery in precision farming.  Luciano proceeded to suggest several ways the industry could help feed a global population of 9.6 billion people by 2050 and serve as a provider of nutrition and health, and

not just as a supplier of consumer goods. A view that he expressed is that expanding research into yields and drought resistance; deploying emerging technologies; and investing in inland waterways, bridges, roadways and other infrastructure would help meet the need for greater crop volumes. He added that the industry would need to continue innovating to develop new products that meet consumer demand for foods that promote health and wellness. Ongoing technological advances—including increases in computing capacity and cloud storage—may ultimately usher in a new era of “personalised nutrition” as the food industry develops better functional ingredients that target specific health issues. In terms of public policy, Luciano noted that the industry must make the case that trade in agricultural products is not a zero-sum game. He remarked, “Climates, crop seasonality, and the impact of weather patterns make trade essential for feeding the world, for the health of global economy, and for farmers worldwide.” Finally, he noted that continued investment in innovation, research and development, and young talent were essential for the industry’s long-term success.  He concluded, “Working together, we can ensure that US agriculture will continue the transformational, lifealtering gains that have made our world a better place, a more humane place—a place of hope, promise and shared prosperity.”

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Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 25


Milling News

Summer is upon us Tom Blacker, International Milling and Grain Directory Well, now I find myself writing this halfway through 2017 already, how time flies. I have returned from the large international exhibition and conference, IDMA. I am happy to say it was a very productive time for the directory in Turkey, surrounded by an international line up. It was enjoyable and fruitful to again meeting people within our industry and experience the continuing popularity of our Milling Directory. Speaking of the directory, we have a new member, Henry Simon. The re-launch of Henry Simon is a significant development for the industry, a high-quality brand reborn as a multinational brand. I visited the factory with my colleague Darren Parris, and this will all be detailed in a full feature for Milling and Grain magazine soon. Along with Henry Simon, since the last article, we have had Baoding Nobile Belting Trade Co and Nagi Brother join the directory as well. They are based in China and India respectively. Please go to our website, social media or join our weekly newsletter for more updates. Looking ahead, I will be busy with a number of high profile exhibitions and events, such as FVG Select – including the special GRAPAS food, flour and rice conference – which I look forward to meeting more members and users of the directory. There will be copies of the directory, so just as with IDMA, please come and pick up your complimentary copy. Details of these conferences can be found at www.fvgselect.com and www.bit.ly/grapas. I shall also be visiting the International Grains Council annual conference in London, and then feed and flourmill plants throughout June in the UK, Germany and South Africa. The Milling Directory highlights companies from Europe, America, Asia and even Africa, which make it a global network. This should be the first place to look if you need a service or assistance with a project. If you have not joined already, visit www.internationalmilling. com and sign up. It is free, quick, and allows you access to a vast directory of invaluable information to find and be found in. AND GRAIN @intlmilling facebook.com/internationalmillingdirectory

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Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 29


The Pelletier Column Perhaps the ultimate challenge

by Christophe Pelletier There certainly is no lack of challenges on the path to feeding a growing world population, but a successful future does not just stop with food volumes. Beyond quantity, it is necessary to ensure that people eat balanced diets. Of course, this is true for those who are food insecure and need help to be able to access more food, but it just as true for the overweight and the obese. The health cost to society is high and is so the cost to the environment. Although excess calories end up as body fat and not in landfills, overweight and obesity should be looked at as food waste nonetheless. After all, body fat is food that has been produced but not consumed for any useful purpose. The problem is only getting bigger as rates of obesity are increasing among the population of emerging countries and are reaching alarming levels. It is not a Western countries’ problem anymore. It is a global one. There is no one particular cause to explain this trend, but it is a combination of lifestyle, example at home and education about the basics of nutrition. We are what we eat and we eat what we are. Diets are undoubtedly a reflection of society and its values. One of the drivers of today’s economies is growth and too often this concept is restricted to quantitative growth. We must be honest and recognise that our food and agriculture systems still are greatly production driven. Although the idea of a market-driven approach is widely spread, the practice seems to differ, and it looks like it is only translated in marketing-driven instead, always with an underlying production-driven thinking. Just about all food sector and companies always look for ways to sell more volume. There is competition within any particular industry, but also between industries. For example, in the animal protein sector, poultry, pork, beef and fish are always trying to get a higher stomach share at the expense of one another. Usually, the main decision factor for consumer to make their purchase is the relative price of one type of protein versus the others. The main message that consumers receive every day is: eat more of this or more of that. Then, it is only normal that they do just that. Why expect any other behaviour? The result is a value system of always more, without really thinking about how it all adds up, while it should be about always enough. Overconsumption leads to waste 30 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

and to unbalanced diets. Waste is the number one enemy of sustainability, and educating the public about proper diet is actually an important weapon in fighting waste, but it is a difficult one. Although good habits are generally not any more difficult to adopt than bad habits, it seems that the latter group is more attractive. Changing eating habits is all about education. It starts at home and in school. Actually, it is rather easy to learn about the proper ratios between protein, fats and carbohydrates –both fast and slow ones- that are needed in a balanced diet. Information is everywhere, but unfortunately, the lack of education and therefore knowledge about nutrition results in many consumers having no idea how to read labels and how to compose proper meals. If our lifestyles and our needs have undergone major changes over the past five or six decades, physiology of digestion and nutritional metabolism have not changed much at all over the tens of thousands of years that humans have been roaming the planet. It would seem obvious that such an essential element of life should be common knowledge, but it is not. An interesting experiment is to ask people at random what the nutritional needs of an average human being are. Usually, people have an idea about how many calories a person should eat on a daily basis. When it comes to how many grammes of protein and even more so fat, then the faces tend to turn blank. Another even more interesting experiment is to ask the same question to people working in food and agriculture. Just go ask how many calories, how many grammes of protein and fat. It is an eye opener. It is possible to make consumer behaviour change from harmful to healthy. There are lessons to be learned from the example of tobacco. To change, consumers need the proper incentives, but the bottom line is that people change only if they perceive the change to be an improvement. Since eating habits rest on powerful psychological triggers, the difficulty is in finding the right triggers and creating a perception of reward. Food producers have a critical role to play in this transformation, and it has to be a collective and collaborative effort with all other stakeholders as well. Christophe Pelletier is a food and agriculture strategist and futurist from Canada. He works internationally. He has published two books on feeding the world’s growing population. His blog is called “The Food Futurist”.


Milling News

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Maxi-Lift adds to Tiger-CC and HD-STAX bucket lines axi-Lift Inc., the leading manufacturer of elevator buckets in North America, is adding depth and versatility to its innovative Tiger-CC and HD-STAX bucket lines with a new 7-inch projection Tiger CC bucket and 4x3 HD-Stax bucket. The new 7-inch projection Tiger bucket will add depth to one of Maxi-Lift’s best product lines and provide more options and value to equipment manufacturers and users. “Maxi-Lift invented the maximum duty-style elevator bucket two decades ago, an innovation that remains the best on the market today,” comments Bo Fisher, Vice President of Sales for North America. The Tiger-CC now has 21 available sizes ranging from 10x7 to 28x10 in polyethylene, nylon and urethane. All Tiger-Tuff buckets, whether the traditional design or the CC style, are made for high volume/throughput applications that take a toll on wear components in an elevator. River and rail terminals, export houses, crushing operations and feed facilities will all benefit. The Tiger-CC provides longer life, less breakage and more capacity with its strength, toughness and sheer durability. “The traditional CC shape, coupled with TigerTuff’s very thick wear surfaces, make it unbeatable,” Fisher says. HD-STAX utilizes a tapered design that allows for the deep stacking of buckets for the purpose of reducing storage space and improving shipping economies. The new

4x3 option is unique for two reasons. “It has a thicker and wider, three-sided wear lip, which will make this bucket second only to the Tiger Tuff in durability. Secondly, it is a nesting or ‘stackable bucket’. This allows us to pack up to three times more buckets per box, skid, or container,” remarks Byron Smith, Vice President of International Sales. The three-sided wear lip with thicker corners provides a longer life when used in digging applications. It is suited for all grain and feed applications and is exclusively offered in white polyethylene. The HD STAX is now available in sizes ranging from a 4x3 bucket to an 18x8. In 1996, Maxi-Lift introduced Tiger-Tuff to the marketplace. With millions sold worldwide, the largest grain, feed, processing, fertilizer and ethanol companies specify Tigers. With more elevator bucket styles, sizes and materials in stock, Maxi-Lift is the largest elevator bucket manufacturer in the world. With more than 45 years of experience, the Maxi-Lift brand means unmatched service, customized solutions, engineered quality and fast delivery.

The Training Register operates on the same platform as the highly successful internationalmilling.com Events Register. Our vision is to produce an easily accessible hub which will list both milling and aquaculture related training courses, workshops and educational opportunities from around the world, much the same as the Events Register does for conferences and expositions. “If you, your company or organisation is organising a milling or aquaculture course we would love to work with you. No training course is too big or too small for any of our readers to attend.”

Milling

TRAINING

internationalmilling.com ONLINE | PRINT | MOBILE 34 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


World first autonomous, zero emissions ship

Without dedicated staff there is no food industry and no food by Chris Jackson, Export Manager UK TAG Here we are half way though another farming year, one wonders where the time goes. Back in the UK our livestock farmers are well into their silage making and as ever was the case, the weather does not suit all of our growers. The UK has had one of the dryest springs on record in fact, but having said that crops are looking well, lets hope that this translates into good harvests. It is quite remarkable that in the UK the average total rainfall for the year does not vary a great deal, so lets hope that we do not have a wet time when we need dry conditions come harvest. Returning from seeing farming in Australia where mostly the scale of arable farming is huge, to here where I live amongst livestock farms serves as a good reminder of the diversity of our industry. Mechanisation is still the key to managing and working the farms. Lots of our young people are no longer prepared to work the long hours with small rewards that come from traditional farming. Those that remain need second incomes to sustain their families; this cannot be healthy for the long-term future our industry needs. I am not convinced that amalgamating holdings to make bigger and bigger units is the answer, as this precludes young new entrants to our industry, as the capital needed is beyond the reach of most except the super rich. It may open opportunities for managers working with companies, however for this policy to succeed a career structure needs to be created with dedicated staff. Our industry is unique in that it does not work by the clock especially within the livestock industry and through harvest times. Therefore we need people who are dedicated and can adapt work plans almost by the hour when problems occur that need instant attention. Much as we try all living things can have unscheduled events that need instant attention. 36 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

We try with technology to lessen the effects of unwelcome surprises and to make farming as routine as possible. But problems still occur. I am reminded that whilst harvesting in Australia a major bearing broke in the harvester completely unforeseen which meant that work had to stop whilst the machine was fixed not only frustrating but needing the operator to use different skills to change the part. I talk about this to demonstrate the skill base needed to manage farms successfully. We have an old saying in the UK “Jack of all trades master of none”. What I think is not understood well is that in farming our people need to be Jacks of all trades and also a master of them. Worldwide training is the key, once young people have a good understanding of the needs thrust upon them then they need to be able to think clearly about problem solving and finding workable solutions sometimes quickly when crises occur. Worldwide good formal training and sound apprenticeship schemes could be a wonderful way forward, but once involved in our industry people need to be properly rewarded and their skills recognised and I include here socially. Without skilled and dedicated staff, there is no food or food industry, a fact that in our western affluent societies most people do not even consider. Food production is going on 24 hours a day every day of the year globally and if we can have any influence on making that easier with training and education, we will have had some influence for he good. Hopefully I, with my colleagues can continue to spread the message, by the time that you read these notes I will have had that opportunity at four events already. These include, China Animal Husbandry Expo, Indo Livestock, Livestock Philippines and World Pork Expo – note that these are four countries where agriculture has high priority. As I prepare to travel to Asia again where we see much subsistence farming still with rural peoples admittedly with land but living on very low incomes. @AgrictecExports

Y

ara Birkeland, will be the world’s first fully electric, autonomous and zero emissions container ship Yara and Kongsberg have entered into partnership to build the vessel, with operations planned to start in the latter half of 2018. From then, shipping products will take place from Yara’s Porsgrunn production plant to Brevik and Larvik in Norway. This project will reduce dieselpowered truck haulage by 40,000 journeys a year and will be the world’s most advanced container feeder ship as well as the world’s first fully electric container feeder. Because Kongsberg will integrate sensor, control, communication and electrical systems the ship will be self-sufficient and 100 percent electric. It will be named “Yara Birkeland” after the company’s founder, the famous scientist and innovator Kristian Birkeland. Initially operating as a manned vessel, it will move to remote operations in 2019 and expected to be capable of performing fully independent operations from 2020. Hopefully, the ship will make way for global maritime transport contributing to meet the UN sustainability goals. Syein Tore Holsether, President and CEO of Yara comments, “As a leading global fertiliser company with a mission to feed the world and protect the planet, investing in this zero emission vessel to transport our crop nutrition solutions fits our strategy well. We are proud to work with Kongsberg to realise the world’s first autonomous, all-electric vessel to enter commercial operation.” He continues, “Every day, more than 100 diesel truck journeys are needed to transport products from Yara’s Porsgrunn plant to ports in Brevik and Larvik where we ship products to customers around the world. With this new autonomous battery-driven container vessel we move transport from road to sea and thereby reduce noise and dust emissions, improve the safety of local roads and reduce NOx and CO2 emissions.”


Milling News

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Big brands tackle deforestation cdonalds, Nestle, FEFAC, Bel Group and Mars Petcare are some of the big groups meeting to discuss issues around deforestation at the RT12 Conference. Some of the biggest brands in the food industry will speak at the RT12 / Zero Deforestation: Transparency and Scale conference taking place in Lille, France, May 31 – June 1, 2017. The RT12 conference is hosted by The Roundtable on Responsible Soy Association the internationally recognised organisation promoting responsible production, processing and trading of soy. Marcello Visconti, RTRS Executive Director says, “We believe that it is crucially important to bring together actors in the soy sector from across the globe to discuss, face-to-face, issues that are important to us. We have a host of fantastic thought leaders speaking at RT12 addressing three key themes for the future of soy: zero deforestation, supply chain transparency and scaling up.” The event, which will attract 250 stakeholders from the global supply chain, will explore practical solutions to achieving continuous improvement in sustainable soy through dialogue with thought leaders within the sector. The two-day event will focus on deforestation (monitoring strategies and tools; risk analysis; solutions for bridging the gap between legal compliance and zero

38 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

deforestation), supply chain transparency (challenges and solutions for sustainable physical supply chains; transparency tools; stories from the field) and issues around the scaling up of production (jurisdictional approaches; finance and government; synergies between soy standards).

RTRS’s latest enhancement of its Soy Production Standard (version 3.0) has created the world’s first Zero Deforestation multi-stakeholder certification standard. It is the only multi-stakeholder certification scheme that guarantees zero deforestation in responsible soy production.


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www.entil.com.tr

July 2015 | 63


Milling News

Vademekum Technical data for grain processing and provender technology Part 1: Cleaning, grain damping, -cooling and -drying, aspiration, grinding.

1 Vademekum Technical data for grain processing and provender technology

Meißner · Vademekum

Part 1: Cleaning, grain damping, -cooling and -drying, aspiration, grinding

By Wolfgang Meißner. New edition 2015, 192 pages with 132 illustrations and numerous tables. Size 125 x 180 mm, wipeable plastic book cover. Price 39,90 €.

This coveted reference book for millers and mill­ ing has been completely revised and brought up­ to­date with modern technology. Part 1 of this edition contains the most current machines for the cleaning, reconditioning and the milling of Verlag Moritz Schäfer - Detmold grain. Chapter A deals with sieve and air separation aswell as the coarse, pre­ liminary and the screen room with first and second cleaning processes. The milling industries most diagrams are also explained. Chapter B deals with the theoretical aspects, calculation examples and the appropriate machinery needed in the cooling and drying of grain. Chapter C is dedicated to aspiration of mills, silos and provender plants. The diverse possibilities to ensure such sites remain dust free are exten­ sively covered and the theories presented. Chapter D presents the various machines from comminution such as rol­ lermills, hammermills as well as sieve and cleaning machines and monito­ ring units. The handy Vademekum reference book is intended mainly for the practi­ cal person who needs access to the technical data of listed machines while working within the milling environment, but is also a valuable asset to the trainee, technicians and engineers alike. By Wolfgang Meißner

Part 2: Milling process, weighing and mixing

2 Vademekum Technical data for grain processing and provender technology

Part 2: Milling process, weighing and mixing

By Hasso Klabunde. New edition 2015, 164 pages with 88 illustrations and numerous tables. Size 125 x 180 mm, wipeable plastic book cover. Price 37,90 €.

Klabunde · Vademekum

By Hasso Klabunde

The chapters of part 2 have also been revised: Chapter E deals with the milling process of wheat, rye, swing and durum mills and the evo­ lution of shortening passages. Verlag Moritz Schäfer - Detmold Chapter F deals with the characteristics of the flour streams in respect to mineral, wet gluten and protein aswell as general blending formulas. And also goes into flour type regulations discharge and mixing machines aswell as bulk loading. Part 2 will encourage trainees at work and boost occupational educations of Junior millers.

Vademekum is an important companion in your daily work. Order now and be one of the first readers who will benefit of this handy book.

Verlag Moritz Schäfer GmbH & Co. KG Grabbestraße 7 · 32756 Detmold/Germany Tel. +49 5231 9243­32 Internet: www.vms­detmold.de Fax +49 5231 9243­43 E­Mail: vertrieb@vms­detmold.de

40 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Antibiotic use and replacement strategies

D

uring VIV Asia in March 2017, global nutritional health company Diamond V summarised recent research and development on nonantibiotic solutions for animal health, animal performance and food safety. Jason Frank, PhD, Director of Non-Ruminant Research and Technical Support at Diamond V, presented the technical seminar ‘Antibiotic Use and Replacement Strategies’ to nearly 100 producers and professionals attending Asia’s largest animal and feed trade show. He commented, “Without exception, antibiotic resistance develops rapidly in pathogenic bacteria following the introduction of antibiotics.” With antimicrobial resistance on the rise worldwide, there were serious human health consequences, including the threat of ‘super bugs’ not sensitive to drug therapy. Regulatory agencies and consumers in many countries have already banned the use of antibiotics for growth promotion and disease prevention. Until recently, the only way to prevent development of antimicrobial resistance was to avoid use of antibiotics. Food Safety and Pathogen Control in Layers and Broilers Another technical seminar was ‘Food Safety and Pathogen Control in Layers and Broilers’, attended by more than 100 at VIV Asia. Don McIntyre, PhD, PAS, Director of Global Research and Technical Services for Diamond V, pointed out that more than 200 diseases are spread through food, making one in 10 people ill and killing nearly half a million worldwide each year. He explained that, “Poultry producers urgently need new, non-antibiotic, nutritional health solutions because of the increased challenges and cost of attempting further interventions by conventional methods.” He continued, “Food safety starts on the farm. This is where it is possible to reduce Salmonella, Campylobacter and E. coli in the gastro-intestinal tracts of poultry without using antibiotics. Reducing these foodborne pathogens ‘pre-harvest’ or on-farm helps to reduce the risk of pathogens in food processing and food products. Ultimately, it helps reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses and the recall of food products because of bacterial contamination.” Dr McIntyre holds a master’s degree in Avian Science and doctorate in Physiology. His experience as a professional animal scientist includes more than 35 years in poultry research and technical support. At the seminar he also noted that, effective on-farm or pre-harvest nutritional health technology lowered the virulence of pathogens and increased their sensitivity to commonly used antibiotics.


Milling News

Kemin subsidiary opens state-of-theart facility

K

emin Industries, a global nutritional ingredient company that uses science to create solutions and products to touch half of the world’s population, announced today the opening of its Russia manufacturing and laboratory facilities in Lipetsk. The new facility for the subsidiary, Kemin Industries (Lipetsk) LLC, is located in the Special Economic Zone of Lipetsk. The new location has the capacity to serve the growing demand for specialised nutritional ingredients to address the needs of the rapidly growing Russian animal protein industry. “Russia is one of the largest animal feed markets in Europe producing more than 30 million tonnes of feed. Localising manufacturing reduces process time and allows us to best serve our customers in the region,”

said Dr Chris Nelson, President and CEO of Kemin Industries. “On a global scale, we are always aggressively pursuing expansions to meet our customers where they are to provide high-quality products and solutions. The Lipetsk facility is an example of how we thinks globally and acts locally to best serve our customers and the 3.4 billion people we touch every day with our products.” With regional headquarters in Europe, the company has been serving Russia since 1995. In 2014, the company opened a fully equipped customer service laboratory in Moscow to better serve the feed industry and its growing customer base. The Lipetsk location is part of the five-year, global expansion plan. The new state-of-the-art facility is one of the most sophisticated plants in their portfolio and features a manufacturing plant, quality labs and warehouses. “For more than 20 years, we have established a strong footprint in Russian feed production. As

TO DO:

Visit new webosuitre www.almex.n l

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info@almex.nl

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42 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

A Triott Company

Extruders and Expanders

M

the demand for meat production increases in Russia, the need for our value-added products is growing tremendously,” said KP Philip, President of Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health. “Now, we can serve one of the largest animal feed markets in Europe with local availability of high-quality feed ingredients, condensed delivery time and reduction of risk with supply chain transportation; all which enables us to grow and better serve the Russian market while increasing the collaboration between our scientists and the direct customers we serve in Russia.” Head of the Administration of the Lipetsk Region O.P. Korolev commented, “We in the region are constantly working to create a favorable business climate and value the confidence of investors. I am very glad that now another production has opened in the SEZ “Lipetsk” and workplaces will be created, which means that the quality of life in Lipetsk region will continue to increase. We thank the investors for the joint fruitful work.”

Sensory imprinting piglets ultinational feed additives producer Nutriad, was a Gold Sponsor of the recently concluded Pig Feed Quality Feed Conference (PQFC) in HoChiMinh (Vietnam). Attracting a record number of delegates, the annual PQFC is Asia’s leading conference and scientific forum for pig and feed industry professionals. At the conference, Dr Bruno Silva, Professor in Swine Nutrition and Production, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil, presented “Nutritional solutions to alleviate heat stress in pigs” and widely discussed his work on evaluation of feed flavor (KRAVE - Delistart-K Link) supplementation on the performance of lactating sows and sensory imprinting on piglets post-weaning in hot and humid climates. BK Chew, APAC Director, stated “Dr Silva’s presentation of the latest research on sensory imprinting or linking sow diet to that of her litter, created a lot of excitement with the delegates, fitting into the PQFC theme, 'Translating pig nutrition research into practice'.” Ab Greven, APAC Palatability Manager added “The conference provided an excellent platform for Nutriad to showcase the latest scientific findings of our feed flavor applications, particularly on KRAVE and Delistart K-link, which incidentally was registered this month in Vietnam. Our palatability range also includes the well known Optisweet and Maxarome.”


Milling News

AFIA discuss priority issues

M

embers of the American From left: AFIA President & CEO Joel G. From left: AFIA President & CEO Joel G. Feed Industry Newman, AFIA Chair Lee Hall, Sen. Joni Ernst, Newman, Newly-elected AFIA Chair Lee Hall Association’s R - Iowa, and AFIA Past Chair Paul Phillips and AFIA Past Chair Paul Phillips Board of Directors met May 9-10, 2017, in Washington, D.C., to discuss priority issues affecting the animal food industry. of Trustees, and he will continue to be an asset to the US The Board, comprised of 50 industry representatives, feed industry. Lee has been heavily involved in AFIA, and took up the issues with various legislators during the we are confident he will foster progress in the upcoming association’s annual spring visit to the nation’s capital. year as chairman.” Board members promoted AFIA positions on the Food Hall is in his second three-year term on the Board, Safety Modernisation Act, the Veterinary Feed Directive, the taking a year off between the two terms. Hallway Feeds animal food ingredient review process, international trade is a family-owned and operated company dedicated to the policy as it relates to the US animal food industry and drug horse industry and has been an AFIA member since 1986. establishment registration. The group also attended a legislative briefing on Capitol Hill during the trip. In the briefing, the group was addressed by Sen. Joni Ernst, R - Iowa, Food and Drug Administration Centre for Veterinary Medicine Director Dr Steve Solomon, and a panel comprised of members of the Senate agriculture committee and the House agriculture committee. “We have a very engaged administration. The vice president meets with the Republican leadership every Tuesday,” said Ernst during her talk about trade. She continued, “I will push hard to make sure agriculture is at the table during trade discussions.” AFIA’s Board met to recognise Paul Phillips, Maxi-Lift Inc./ Southwest Agri-Plastics Inc., for his leadership as the association’s chair during the 2016-17 year, welcome his successor, Lee Hall, Hallway Feeds, and announce its Chairelect and incoming directors, and elect new members to the organisation’s executive committee. “Paul has been an invaluable addition to the AFIA Board of Directors and an outstanding chairman,” said AFIA President and CEO Joel G. Newman. He continued, “He was instrumental as a founding member of IFEEDER’s Board Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 43


THE POWER SAVER Leonardo: the OMAS roller mill that is changing milling

Better Living Thanks to its revolutionary, milling process technologies, Omas can provide a milling plant with energy savings of up to 70%. High-quality products and a continued eye on the future means guaranteed better food quality for a healthier lifestyle.

omasindustries.com

RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT MADE IN ITALY


Mill

Training Kansas is known to many as the wheat state and the statistics back that up, she was the number one wheat-producing state in 2016 and also a large exporter of wheat.

Participants from Ethiopia learn basics of US wheat quality One of the emerging markets for wheat exports is Ethiopia. With the goal of helping to educate potential importers of Kansas and US wheat, the Kansas State University IGP Institute hosted the USDA Cochran Program for Ethiopia — Introduction to U.S. Wheat Quality and Grading training April 17-27, 2017. Through this course participants learned about US wheat quality and grading, and were able to tour farms, grain handling operations and port facilities. Shawn Thiele, IGP’s milling and grain processing course curriculum manager and course coordinator comments, “It was interesting to be able to discuss US wheat quality and grading with the Ethiopians and learn about their operations.” He continues, “The Ethiopians were impressed with the methods of determining wheat quality and function in the US and seeing the size and scale of farms, grain elevators, the export facility and the mill. They were eager to go back home to incorporate the techniques they learned here into their own milling practices.”

The course exposed the participants to classroom learning and laboratory training through the following topics: U.S. wheat grading standards, U.S. wheat classifications and production structure, wheat quality analysis and baking. In addition, course participants went on tours to see all aspects of wheat production. Abeba Tesfaye Meteku, co-owner and deputy managing director of Girum Food Complex P.L.C. remarks, “The course is really inspiring because everything has been organised and very automated.” He continues, “We learned a lot of higher grading, especially when we had to build a product in our workshop. It was interesting to go through each of the milling stages from seeing the wheat at the beginning to the final product.”

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 45


Hydro-Mix XT The sensors are manufactured from food safe materials specifically for use in animal feed, grain, rice, nuts and liquids.

PRODUCT FOCUS June 2017 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will be saving you time and money in the milling process.

The Hydro-Mix XT is a digital moisture sensor that unlike other systems available in the market comprises a single unit that contains all on-board functionality such as signal processing, smoothing and averaging. The sensor comes with fixing plates, making it easy to install flush with the internal wall in drying, ducting, conveying and mixing systems. Hydronix also offers the Hydro-Probe XT sensor. This is designed for applications that require the sensor to be placed into the flowing material such as at the outlet of a silo or in the neck of a storage bin. All Hydronix sensors are designed for use in flowing materials with readings being taken 25 times per second as the material passes across the ceramic sensing face.

www.hydronix.com

Schmersal belt alignment switches The Schmersal Group is extending its range of belt alignment switches to include new models and now offers a range of products for monitoring conveyor systems. The new belt alignment switches are longer lasting, they enable reduction of failures and downtimes thus improving plant availability. Conveyor belts can move from their planned track, which can cause a great deal of damage. Belt alignment switches are therefore used to detect belt alignment and switch off the belt. The product range consists of three series, all adapted to the relevant belt speeds of the conveyor systems. At higher speeds, switch models can be used in which the belt alignment rollers have a greater diameter. This means a lower number of revolutions, resulting in reduced wear. At the same time, most options have an advance warning function to enable preventative maintenance.

Ranging from a ground breaking sensor, boasting of taking flowing materials at a staggering rate of 25 times per second to a state of the art control unit for monitoring bucket elevators and conveyors, we have selected products this month that are generally found behind the scenes of the milling process. Excluding the exclusive GCM mixer, we are showing off those products that may be slightly smaller, but they are by no means the least.

www.schmersal.com

Watchdog Super Elite (WDC4)

Gericke Continuous Mixing GCM

The 4B Braime Group, Leeds, UK, are a worldwide manufacturer of material handling and electronic components.

This innovation provides a continuous mixing process for your powder processing.

They have just released the fourth generation Watchdog control unit for monitoring bucket elevators and conveyors. The Watchdog Super Elite (WDC4) is easy to set up, and install via the LCD screen, or the free PC software can be used to transfer data directly to the unit.

Technology moves on and continuous mixing processes are cost effective and can outperform traditional batch processes in regards to mixing homogeneity.

Once installed, the system can monitor signals via 15 sensors for belt speed, misalignment, temperature and conditions. An alarm sounds when a problem is detected and the fault is logged whilst the unit shuts down the conveyor.

The continuous process solution can include, along with the mixer, loss-in-weight feeders and pumps for liquid addition. They can be cleaned quickly with fully extractable mixing tools and an easy access-mixing chamber.

Monitoring can be achieved via he 3.5” colour screen and supports belt speed monitoring for variable frequency drives, belt misalignment for contact, pulse and temperature (brass rub block) sensors.

The continuous mixer reaches a steady state condition and does not need to be filled, emptied and filled again.

Gericke’s GCM series offer highly proven solutions – even blends of sugar with 0.6 percent to 0.8 percent pectin and citric acid.

The unit is password protected and can connect directly to a PLC using Modbus, TCP/IP or integrated into HazardMon. com, which is a secure cloud based solution for live system status and analysis.

The mixing process can include solid mixing, heating and cooling, coating of solid particles, agglomeration and granulation, liquid injection and dispersion.

www.go4b.com

www.gericke.net

46 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


FOCUS

SPECIAL FOCUS The demand for always better sorting performances on challenging applications has grown exponentially in the recent years, and CIMBRIA SEA full-colour is truly acknowledged as the best sorting technology on market. Our mission is to develop a diversified choice of optical sorters, exploiting the latest full-colour technology and becoming an 'irreplaceable' industrial device in the cleaning process. Thanks to its relentless technological development and broad experience in the field, CIMBRIA presents the new series of SEA products, again challenging any existing electronic sorting system available worldwide. The latest sorting solutions are SEA Chromex and SEA True.

SEA Chromex

SEA Chromex represents the CIMBRIA top of range fullcolor sorting technology, with the chance of combining NIR and InGaAs inspection systems. This sorter is able to determine and sort the slightest differences in colour, shade and shape. The use of the latest full-colour RGB 4096 pixel cameras ensures the highest optical resolution available of 0.06 mm. The shape-sizing function is integrated into the system. Beside the detection of colour differences, the use of NIR cameras optimises the separation of foreign bodies having a similar colour of conforming products such as stones, sticks, glass, plastic etc. InGaAs technology focuses in the removal of defects that cannot be visually distinguished. SEA Chromex ensures the highest purity and efficiency, especially for the strictest food hygiene and health requirements.

CIMBRIA SEA full-colour sorting technology

SEA Chromex - Exagon user interface

Beside the unceasingly evolution of high-tech sorting machines, CIMBRIA has also focused in the creation of a new a userfriendly and intuitive graphic interface. Now, even the less experienced operators can set and adjust the sorter into an easier and faster way, thanks to the EXAGON appealing graphic and simplified screens. One of the most important advantages is the possibility for the operator to monitor the machine status through its synoptic. The use of the same sorting recipe on multiple SEA units is now possible, thus enabling a single database detailing important production aspects and real-time statistics. It also allows the easy and fast programming and control of the SEA Chromex being the highest sophisticated sorting technology on the market.

SEA True

In according with its brand name, CIMBRIA introduces this sorting series whose main feature is the use of the “true” fullcolour sorting technology applied for standard applications, such as milling, coffee and nuts. The technology reaps the benefits of its smart cameras, featuring red, blue and green (RGB) sensors. This 'true' full-colour system can work along or in combination with NIR and InGaAas cameras, according to the specific sorting task. By means of photographic acquisition, the image processing system compares the elements to user-defined accept or reject elements, and the vision system “sees” the product almost as seen by the human eye.

www.cimbria.com Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 47

#

06


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I

by Alexander Waugh, Director General, nabim, UK

n bread eating societies, flour generally provides about 20 percent of food energy; its flexibility means that it is the main ingredient of bread in its many forms and varieties but also biscuits, cakes, pies, tarts, patisseries, morning goods, confectionery and in more manufactured foods such as coated fish and meat products, soups, sauces and more. Five years ago, when looking into the number of stock keeping units (SKUs) that would be affected by a change in UK labeling rules for flour, we gave up counting when the total exceeded 50,000. So, contrary to the views of the anti-gluten lobby, for those who do not have coeliac disease flour really is an essential part of the diet. That means that the world needs an efficient, cost effective and dynamic flour milling industry to supply it. In one form or another, nabim has been training millers for over 100 years. It was founded in the 19th century in order to help millers understand and make use of what was then the new technique of roller milling. Today, the association has developed a range of resources for use in the UK and elsewhere. These include craft skills resources for practical millers, our core modular distance learning programme followed by students in more than 30 countries across the globe, and an advanced milling diploma designed to develop skills in more experienced millers. The diploma is run in conjunction with experts from Campden BRI and the Buhler technical centre, and held every three years. We are looking forward to recognising a further six successful candidates in July 2017. Recognising the need to respond to different learning styles, training materials have moved from their original book format to include lessons, mentor support and video resources. The newest development is the creation of a â&#x20AC;&#x153;virtual millâ&#x20AC;? which will allow participants to take machinery apart on screen and examine its inner workings, provide virtual meeting rooms and more. UK millers are determined that training provision should keep pace with the changing nature of society and take advantage of the opportunities that modern information technology offers.

48 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Whilst ensuring that we have properly trained people in our businesses is hugely important, it is by no means the only issue that milling associations have to address. nabim, for example, works very closely with the farming and plant breeding sectors on new wheat varieties. These are carefully tested for technical attributes before they are commercialised, so that our growers can be confident that there will be a market for their crops, and our businesses have the best idea of how they should be used. This process involves three years of testing, including large-scale milling and baking trials for the most promising bread making wheat. This close collaboration with suppliers is in evidence elsewhere: wheat is generally delivered direct from farm, meaning that millers can source single varieties; and a move to electronic documentation is in the offing, which will permit real time transfer of information from farm to end user and back again. A system of this type should allow our sector to respond well to increasing demands for traceability and provenance whilst at the same time minimising costs for all involved. It will also streamline existing systems for providing reassurance on the absence of contaminants and unacceptable residues, allowing testing to be focused on the areas most likely to be problematic. Whilst millers may be dealing with a commodity, it is clear that individuals increasingly want products that respond to their own personal preferences and needs. Our customers want to supply those goods and it is our job to help them do so. Strong associations, working together, can help devise robust systems that help move the supply chain in the right direction. The British flour milling industry is currently going through a phase of reinvestment in capacity, with several new mills built in the last five years or under construction today. This is important to deliver a combination of improved hygiene standards (without the use of fumigants), a step change in cost efficiency, and sustainable businesses. Over the last fifteen years, labour productivity in our sector has doubled and despite the tripling of energy prices, the cost of manufacture has risen less quickly than inflation. Whilst grain markets fluctuate sharply from season to season


F (sometimes within a season), this efficiency drive has enabled businesses to survive and prosper in an environment where there is constant pressure on retail prices and when anyone can easily make price comparisons and order goods whilst sitting in a coffee shop with a smart phone. The world will continue to change quickly and our industry will have to adapt in response. By and large most UK consumers are barely aware that a flour milling industry exists. If you asked them for their mental image of a miller, they will either look blank, or conjure up a picture

"Contrary to the views of the anti-gluten lobby, for those who do not have coeliac disease flour really is an essential part of the diet" of a dusty fellow wearing a straw hat in front of a windmill. In the past, millers have been content to operate in the background, concentrating on getting the best possible job done for their customers. Nowadays, that invisibility may count against the industry, as it allows misleading images and information about the sector to gain hold, potentially damaging perception of our products and making it harder to recruit high quality staff. A modern flourmill is certainly not dusty, and operators are most likely to be sitting at a computer terminal to adjust machinery and control the flow of flour and grain. So we need to do more to project that image of a technically demanding and

proficient industry, whilst not losing touch with the fact that we are producing food with which people like to have an emotional engagement. It might be a difficult marriage to achieve, but if we cannot do so our industry will suffer. It may mean that we have to be a little more open, to consider how we can let people into our mills and allow them to see what we do and why we do it. There are plenty of bakeries that permit this through the use of glass walls, and microbreweries too. So why not a public viewing area in a flourmill? If becoming more publicly engaged is a challenge to the historic mindset of flour millers, a still greater task is working out how best to respond to increasingly personalised dietary regimes and the pervasiveness of confusing nutritional messages. For many of our customers, the development of “free from” markets represents an opportunity. In many ways businesses would like to take advantage, but not at the risk of undermining their mainstream products. Ideally then, these trends should be put in perspective: just because one individual needs to avoid gluten, or dairy or soya (even if they are famous and have a diet plan to sell) doesn’t make it right for another. However, this is difficult territory, and scientific understanding of the different needs of individuals is evolving. At the moment, whilst interesting, the field of ‘personalised nutrition’ is to a large extent, populated by dodgy testing and the tendency for opinion to be presented as fact. Like others around the world, nabim will do its best to present a mainstream view in a way, which is accessible to all. We will remind our customers of what grain foods such as flour offer, their core role in the diet and hope in that way to counter some of the myths that continue to reverberate in the media.

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 49


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FLOURMILL OF THE

FUTURE

T

Milling and Grain were pleased to be able to talk to Nuno Alegria, a representative of the project about the process and some of the challenges faced in building and running one of the largest production plants on the African continent here has been a breakthrough in Angola for milling via the design, construction and installation of a revolutionary mill to revitalise the local economy and sustainability of the country. The project is all about flour milling and associated silo storage, which are built directly into the plant. It is the brainchild of private partners including the support of the local Government, with the majority of the work undertaken by Grandes Moagens de Angola (GMA) who is already a major player within the wheat industry. Mr Alegria was keen to stress that they are already investing in Angola and are made up from a consortium of Angolan investors. They can take advantage of the political benefits because the Government of Angola support the project as a means of growth. This support was key in overcoming some of the hurdles the project faced. GMA undertook this project as, one of the shareholders is already established as a local company, with around 25 yearsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; experience and presence in the local market. They have a solid infrastructure with warehouses all over the country. They are also a trader in soft commodities, with wheat flour, rice, beans and sugar all in their portfolio. There was economic stasis for the country, and the Government responded by raising import duty to

50 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

protect and encourage local investment and production. The shareholders are a dynamic group and have tried since 2008 to facilitate a project like this, however a change in conditions and rising oil prices, led to the postponement of implementation until the conditions were adequate. As previously mentioned, the Government was very involved, requiring monthly reports on the status of the build. Previously imports could be held in customs but with Government co-operation, waiting times were reduced significantly to not delay the project.

24 month project

The project took around 24 months to complete from the first plan to the finished mill. From day zero, Afaplan, a Portuguese engineering firm were involved, and in 2015 GMA signed a contract with Buhler, who assisted with their in-depth knowledge and expertise. In March 2015, the project partnered with MotaEngil, Casais and Martifer, Portuguese companies specialized in construction and technical installations with presence and long experience in the Angolan market. Then, SCE partnered on the recommendation of BĂźhler for the flour mill and silo building engineering and production, who felt comfortable that they could deliver on the plans. GMA initially sent out several tenders simultaneously to speed up the process,


F and visited around June or July 2015 before selecting SCE. GMA relied on SCE due to their professionalism and the numerous high-quality references worldwide. Initially on the site, which is around 30,000 square meters, there were some old buildings that needed to be cleared, and this commenced in July 2015. By September 2015, the first foundations were laid. The project had to use a galvanised steel structure to combat the environment and location being so close to the water of the port. The collective foundations of the concrete piles themselves were sunk at an average of 26 meters deep, having in total more than 8km of concrete piles. Although the overall building is made from steel, SCE integrated a composite floor decking on all floor levels. This concrete floor is not only taking the high dynamic loads; it also provides GMA with a sustainable hygienic floor. After the installation of the milling machines, the floor was treated with a seamless epoxy coating, ensuring an easy housekeeping. The installation started in March 2016 and and merely six months later, by September of the same year, the works on the SCE flour mill were finished. Sandwich cladding provided the finish for the steel construction. From there, people from the local area staffed the plant. Mr Alegria stressed that, “There was an obligation to train and empower” the local workers. They did this by creating around 100 jobs in the plant, although the aim is around 150, 10 of which were ex-pats, mainly from Brazil, Colombia and Portugal. Even though the plant is largely automated and state-ofthe-art, there is still a need for human influence to assist with packaging or logistics. Indeed power is something the project had to overcome. Angola as yet, does not have a reliable,

SILO CONSTRUCTION & ENGINEERING

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 51


F consistent electricity supply and so the construction had to be prepared to work only on generators. Nevertheless, to decrease the energy consumption cost, the factory was also connected to the grid, directly to a sub-station, 2.5km far from the plant. Mr Alegria told me that upon arrival, “A litre of oil was around 25 cents in the euro, and was now around 80 cents. It will be up to one euro by the end of the year." and this represented a huge element of the production cost. Aside from that, the plant production capability is equally as impressive. Around 300,000 tonnes of wheat can be processed, with 60,000 tonnes of storage available in custom-built on-site silos. With a population of around 25 million people, Angolan consumption is approximately half a million tonnes and this is something that needs to be addressed. Therefore, Mr Alegria suggested, “The production will be staying in the country to provide for the local need.” Mr Alegria was keen to speak about the future plans of these types of developments. There are also plans for a pasta, biscuits and crackers processing facility. They have no plans to expand into surrounding countries as these areas are already crowded. With regard to the continued relaxation of import duty, Mr Alegria illustrated that their raw

52 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

material importation paid the required import duty which worked out cheaper as material could be processed locally. The project benefits from exempt or lower tariffs for the next years on ingredients and bags, which they’re aiming to reduce further by developing a local facility to assist. With projects like this, Angola, and Africa as a whole, is becoming a far more viable place of manufacturing and commerce, which will help tremendously with food security over the coming years, both locally and internationally.


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Vitamin A in fortified rice Developing new testing methods

F

by Dr Anna Zhenchuk and Holly McKee, BioAnalyt GmbH

ood fortification, or the addition of essential vitamins and minerals to foods, has long been established as a cost-effective method for fighting micronutrient deficiencies1. Invisible to the naked eye, micronutrient deficiencies are a “hidden hunger” that affects nearly two billion people global and can lead to mental impairment, weakened immune system, reduced earning power and increased risk of early death (Global Nutrition Report, 2016). Over 3.5 billion people, across Asia and increasingly West Africa and Latin America, depend on rice for up to 70 percent of their daily calories. This rice, however, is most often polished to remove the outer bran layer, depriving it of its minerals and vitamins. People that rely on rice to supply the majority of their daily energy needs are thus at high risk of developing deficiencies in these micronutrients. Due to its ubiquitous consumption, rice offers an excellent vehicle for delivering essential vitamins and minerals through fortification. The cost of adding the recommended micronutrients to rice such as iron, zinc, vitamin A, and B vitamins, amounts to as little as US$0.30 annually per person. The economic and health benefits, on the other hand, are increased productivity and decreased disease burden2. The potential of rice, the world’s number one staple food, as a fortification vehicle remains largely untapped.

Effectiveness of rice fortification

Food Fortification Initiative (FFI), an international partnership working to improve public health through fortification of industrially milled grain products such as wheat flour, maize flour, and rice, has reviewed the literature on rice fortification. FFI looked at close to 20 efficacy studies conducted in Costa Rica, India, Brazil, India, Mexico, the Philippines, and Thailand. These studies, with some limitations, have demonstrated that rice fortification does mitigate deficiencies in certain micronutrients particularly iron and vitamin A. Fortification of staple foods such as flour, oil, and salt is a well54 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

established global public health intervention. Rice fortification, on the other hand, is relatively new and limited. Only a handful of countries have legally mandated it. Five countries, Costa Rica, Papua New Guinea, Nicaragua, Panama, and the Philippines count among them, but only the first two are truly fortifying nearly all of their rice2. Voluntary rice fortification is common in the USA and Ecuador as well as in Brazil. It should be clear that more effectiveness studies on rice fortification are needed to demonstrate clear outcomes in terms of reducing micronutrient deficiencies. These could help make possible a wider adoption of rice fortification. To facilitate these studies, as well as for monitoring of fortified rice production, simple and fast techniques to test for the presence and levels of micronutrients in rice are desirable.

Rice fortification technologies: Challenges and opportunities

Staple food fortification is usually a straightforward process: dry or liquid micronutrient premix is added for blending into a staple food, such as flour, salt or oil at a defined ratio. Production of fortified rice, however, is technologically a more complex process. One chief means of fortifying rice is dusting or coating of rice with micronutrient premix. A second method is cold or hot extrusion of fortified kernels for blending3. Of these, hot extrusion technology is the most effective in retaining added micronutrients during storage and after the rice has been washed and cooked. The process involves mixing premix with rice flour and then reconstituting this powder using extrusion to mimic a regular rice kernel. These reconstituted rice kernels are added to normal rice at a ratio of anywhere between 0.5 to five percent but typically at one percent, meaning that one fortified, extruded kernel is added for every 99 normal rice kernels. The additional costs are estimated at US$3.00 per 100kg of rice4. One early problem was that fortified rice kernels appeared darker than normal rice. Perceiving these grains as impurities, consumers often plucked them out, diminishing the effectiveness of rice fortification. To address this challenge, DSM, a producer of vitamins and micronutrient premixes, and Bühler, a


F iCheckâ&#x201E;˘ Fluoro is a state-of-the-art portable fluorometer. It determines vitamin A quantitatively in food and biological fluids. Using innovative technology it measures the fluorescence of vitamin A in the sample. The vitamin A concentration is displayed in Îźg RE/I (RE=retinol equivalent)

manufacturer of extrusion equipment, have further perfected the technology to deliver fortified rice kernels that look and taste like normal rice. This facilitates acceptance of fortified rice by the population, since consumers cannot tell the difference5. Several other factors play a key role in effectively delivering vitamins and minerals to the population through rice fortification. In addition to fortified rice kernel production technology, these are quality of vitamins and minerals, storage, as well as proper monitoring of the industry producing fortified rice.

Quality control of rice fortification

Testing solutions specifically developed for fortified rice kernels are not easily available. All are bound to a well-equipped

Method of preparing a sample for testing

laboratory. Having a rapid test for the micronutrients in fortified rice would ensure that adequate levels are added at production and retained throughout the value chain up to the fork. BioAnalyt, a developer of micronutrient testing solutions for fortified foods, together with DSM, addressed this gap, by codeveloping a protocol for measuring vitamin A in extruded rice kernels6. To perform the measurement, only basic lab equipment in addition to the iCheck Fluoro test kit is required. iCheck Fluoro uses ultraviolet (UV) light to cause vitamin A molecules to fluoresce (= emit light), and then measures that light and converts it to vitamin A concentration. The device is portable and runs on batteries, making it field-friendly. The test kit comes with pre-filled reagent vials protecting the user from exposure

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 55


F

Fortified rice fluorescing under UV light (black light)

to any hazardous chemicals and simplifying sample preparation procedure. The protocol co-developed by BioAnalyt with DSM describes how to prepare fortified rice kernels so that the vitamin A in rice kernels could be measured with iCheck Fluoro. Measurement results are comparable to the standard method, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC), while requiring less than one hour as opposed to days to obtain results compared to the standard method. The protocol can be viewed and downloaded from BioAnalyt website6. Vitamin A is one of the most sensitive vitamins in fortified rice, so tracking the stability of this vitamin allows for best prediction of retention in regards to other micronutrients. An additional protocol, for the accurate determination of iron in fortified rice with the BioAnalyt iCheck Iron test kit is currently being tested by DSM. By rolling out these new methods, BioAnalyt and DSM aim to reduce technical barriers to rice fortification, thus making it an increasingly feasible solution for reducing hidden hunger globally.

About BioAnalyt

BioAnalytâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s mission is to empower individuals, companies and organisations with tools to ensure food quality. In partnership with organisations such as DSM, BASF, GAIN, HKI and FFI,

The vitamin A concentration is displayed in Îźg RE/I (RE=retinol equivalent)

56 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

the iCheck labs have been implemented in over 30 countries across Africa and Asia, making the monitoring of fortified foods possible, from border control to in-factory controls to market surveys.

References:

1. http://www.who.int/elena/titles/rice_fortification/en/ 2. http://www.ffinetwork.org/ 3. http://www.gainhealth.org/knowledge-centre/ricefortificationwhat-are-the-methods-to-fortify/ 4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23424896 5. https://www.dsm.com/products/nip/en_US/productsservices/ productsservices-nutririce.html 6. http://www.bioanalyt.com/products/icheck-fluoro-and-iex-mila/ vitamin-a-in-rice


F

CLIMATE CHANGE, MACROECONOMICS AND THE GLOBAL UPSURGE OF QUINOA

C

by Matthew Muller, Industrial Editor, Milling and Grain ereal is cultivated from grasses and is primarily the edible elements of its grain, namely endosperm, germ and bran. In their raw form as whole grain, cereals are a rich source of the nutrients that humans need for daily life. This is especially relevant in developing nations, where rice, wheat, and maize constitute the majority of the population’s diet. In developed countries by contrast, cereals have moderate consumption levels, commonly via food eaten for breakfast or indeed bread. The word ‘cereal’ is derived from Ceres, the Roman goddess of harvest and agriculture. It has been farmed since the earliest periods, with evidence pointing to agricultural practices as long as 11,000 years ago. Modern production figures since 1960 show that the yields of cereals have grown three and four fold in some cases. The increase in global population has placed a higher demand on farmers who have responded; a trend that is set to continue for the foreseeable future. Maize wheat and rice together accounted for 90 percent of all cereal production in 2012 and 43 percent of all food calorie intakes in 2009. Despite the pressures of a growing population, the latest market forecast for cereals is slow. Climate challenges and macroeconomics have been attributed as the reason for this projected stasis in production levels. Sergey Avramenko, head of the global markets research team at IndexBox, who referenced IndexBox’s recent report which examined trends in the market until 2025, is quoted on bakeryandsnacks.com as saying, “We expect the persistence of the growing global grain consumption trend with an average growth rate of about two percent with no significant acceleration or deceleration.” Global output figures for 2017 show that maize enjoyed 36 percent share, rice and wheat accounted for 26 percent, barley occupied 26 percent with other crops taking the final six percent. By comparison, the market value in 2025 is expected to top US$735 billion with maize reaching US$295 billion, rice gaining US$290 billion and wheat projected at a value of US $150 billion. With regard to the projections, Breakfast cereal, one of the most common forms of diet enhancement, certainly within Western cultures, has felt the impact of production factors and consumer choice. Sales of processed cereals were down £78 million in 2016 as people opt for cereal bars or takeaways from coffee shops. Research has revealed that some of the cereals available in supermarkets are not as healthy as consumers expect, which has driven choice. The amount of sugar and salt contained with the processed cereals has come under fire. Some UK cereals have 11.1g of sugar per recommended 30g serving; this is the equivalent of almost three teaspoons of sugar. In the larger 100g serving, there are 37g of sugar.

58 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

The revelations are compounded by the fact that cereals are promoted as healthy and are heavily marketed to children. In 2015 the projected global spend for advertising was US$600 billion. To put this in context, this figure is comparable with the global annual spend on alcohol. The difference being that alcohol isn’t directly marketed at children, and the adverse health effects are generally common knowledge. Graham MacGregor, Professor of cardiovascular medicine at Queen Mary University of London and Chairman of WASH, said to 'Cornwalllive', “It is shocking that breakfast cereals still contain extremely high levels of salt and sugar. In response, the industry has pledged to make changes.” One of the largest manufacturers said, “We are proud of the progress we’ve made against our global sugar and sodium reduction targets we set to achieve by 2020.” In addition, the manufacturers have made efforts to remove 2,000 tonnes of sugar in cereals and 7,000 tonnes of salt. Whilst these changes are welcome, consumers, as well as external bio-agricultural influences, will determine the future for cereal.

Resurrection of once forgotten grains

Scientific research has enabled the resurrection of once forgotten grains such as quinoa. The grain’s genome has been successfully mapped to identify a way to remove the natural bitter taste opening up the possibilities of wider commercial use. Quinoa grows in harsh conditions; high elevations and cool temperatures meaning it can flourish where other crops such as wheat or rice would struggle. Plant scientist Mark Tester of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in Saudi Arabia said to 'Reuters', “It is highly nutritious, with a high protein content that, importantly, has a very good balance of amino acids, which is unusual for our major grains. It is gluten free and high in vitamins and minerals, too.” Quinoa can be used in the same manner as rice and wheat leading to good prospects for consumer uptake, and it has enjoyed a growing status as a health food in Western markets. Cereal, past and present, will play a vital part in not only the amount of future food we have available, but in the quality as well. One of the critical elements is the balance of nutrition, whilst grains themselves can vary widely such as some are deficient in essential amino acids and it is common for vegetarian cultures that exclusively eat these, to substitute their diet. Other grains provide daily levels of vitamins in one sitting. An example of this can be seen in Kenya. Scientists have unveiled a way to enhance the levels of available vitamin A to combat the growing problem of child blindness. A bio-fortified Sorghum crop, which is a grass grown for a variety of things including grain, is genetically modified to improve both food and nutritional security. In addition to the nutritional benefit, Sorghum needs very little rain, and is much more hardy than for instance traditional crops such as maize, making it ideal for drought prone counties like Africa. Dr Magomere, a lecturer in biotechnology at Kenyatta University and his team has already increased the Vitamin A available in sorghum test plants. He explained to 'Devex' “This is the first step, the second has been to increase availability of iron and zinc and this has been done by reducing the levels of a protein that binds iron and zinc in the plants. We hope once the product is ready, a meal of sorghum, which will be available to the local farmers, will reduce nutritional deficiencies significantly.”


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F

ELECTROMAGNETIC

FREQUENCY

TECHNOLOGY

The future of feed?

C

An interview with Luigi Pomponi Ceresco Nutrition, Canada eresco Nutrition is the company behind the groundbreaking product SILICA+ that is used in animal feed. Their aim is to rethink the concept of feed by offering a unique and technologically advanced procedure of "informing" which increases animal performance, improves their welfare and reduces the

environmental impact. Milling and Grain caught up with visionary entrepreneur Luigi Pomponi, the president of Ceresco Nutrition, to find out more about the company, the product and their future plans.

Can you give our readers an overview of what your product is?

Well perhaps the best way to start is to say imagine if feed additives were petrol automobiles, Silica+ would be the electric automobile. Both will get you from point A to point B, but not with the same environmental impact and not with the same final cost. We use a high purity grade natural silica from the quartz family, capacitated with a specific quantum of electromagnetic energy that is capable of synchronising vibrations of matter (nutrients, water, minerals, acidifiers, antibiotics, enzymes, probiotics, etc.) in feed and also cell organelles thus improving all kinds of biochemical exchanges.

So what prompted the development of your groundbreaking SILICA+ solution?

Like most revolutionary inventions, it all started with a problem. Producers in France at the time were having various problems getting their swine to grow properly due to disease and other issues like excessive ammonia emission in the air and contamination of ground water by excess nitrate rejection. One of our company founders Jean-Paul was looking for a sustainable solution for the suffering industry. After several years of research and collaboration with experts in quantum physics a first version of the product was available for testing.

Can you give me an overview of the development process with regard to the time taken and the testing criteria?

Farmers in France used the first version of the product locally about 10 years ago. Initial results, while promising, required the product to be mixed into a water container and sprayed into each pen once or twice a week. It was effective, however, the process was too time consuming and just not practical. Fast-forward to three years later, the same technology was used to create a more 60 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


F stable version of the product that could be mixed directly into the animal’s feed. Finally, more recently we have a new generation product that was improved in order to additionally increase its positive effect on disease prevention and animal growth performance. Electro-magnetic frequency (EMF) technology as you can imagine is quite a new concept for nutritionists. Convincing them that this was not just another way of adding cost but that it would be a lasting part of the industry’s future was not going to be easy. Thankfully, today more and more feed companies in swine, poultry, layers and aquaculture are taking note because in addition to its environmental benefits, the effectiveness of the product can be measured on weight gain, feed efficiency and mortality.

How does this product benefit livestock and agriculture?

When Silica+ is added, it works like a catalyst by imparting its electromagnetic energy on all forms of matter to normalise the vibrations, restoring homeostasis (digestion, absorption, assimilation and metabolism) to their optimum, thus offering better growth and performance. Since the intestine does not digest Silica+ it is released through the feces back into the environment. In the manure due to a lack of oxygen the nitrogen cycle is destabilised. Therefore, fermentation of organic matter is responsible for an excessive production of ammonia, which cannot be degraded into nitrite, nitrate and nitrogen. The accumulation of ammonia and other odorous gas are toxic for the animal and contribute to reduce growth performance and generate respiratory disease. When rejected in the environment, Silica+ through EMF technology is able to restore the nitrogen cycle

providing more oxygen to the system. As a consequence, NH4+ concentrations in the manure are higher and ammonia emission is strongly reduced.

What have the real world results been?

Well I can start by saying that more than two dozen scientific research trials and several publications have confirmed that Silica+ increases animal performance, improves their welfare and reduces the environmental impact. Furthermore it is a 100 percent natural product, extracted from earth, insoluble in water, unabsorbed in the gut and returns to mother earth with no pollution, contamination or residue. This all sounds rather nice but unless customers use it, it does not help anybody. Fortunately, in the real world farms where stress factors are higher than in research facilities, observed results are even more significant. As my customers often tell me, "the animals will tell us if the technology works".

How has the industry received the results and product?

We have to understand that many new products try to enter the market yearly, often claiming some amazing new technology so it is not easy for nutritionists to know what to pay attention to. We needed to be sensitive to this and not force our technology too quickly into the industry. In our home country in Canada, our mother company has a great reputation in agriculture and has been established for more than 25 years so it was relatively easy to get customers to use our product. Elsewhere in the world we have seen many different types of reactions. A few nutritionists have been reluctant to try the product and will essentially be late movers.

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F Others have read the publications and purchased product almost immediately. The majority however, has asked many questions with regards to how Silica+ can prevent disease or save costs and when given solutions by our experts have tried Silica+ in their farms. Surprisingly, bigger companies have actually been more open to the technology and have adopted it quicker than many smaller companies. I am not so sure why to be frank. Like with any new technology perseverance is key. We know our technology is the future; we just have to let others know. This being said, today we are happy to be actively selling Silica+ to market leaders in 14 countries and counting.

What are some of the challenges that you have overcome, both in development, production?

Development challenges included making sure the product remained stable even when processed at extremely high temperatures when making feed. Other challenges involved understanding how the product is working exactly within the system of the animal so that we can provide more specific solutions. With regards to production, there have not been any issues because as the volumes have grown, we have simply added production lines to meet demand. The raw mineral used with our technology is also available in quarries in almost unlimited amounts so this is not an issue in meeting future growth demand.

Can you tell me a little bit about the future of the solution?

I hope I do not sound arrogant when I say that if all feed companies will be using this technology, we would have healthier

animals, wealthier producers and a much cleaner environment. Our strategy has been to partner with leaders in their respective countries and try to educate the market on how certain ways of doing things in the industry have and are changing. Nutritionists do not have it easy. Depending on their respective countries they are asked for example to find alternatives to antibiotics used as growth promoters, to stop using animal source products and/or to reduce levels of copper and zinc added to feed. These products are mainly used to control pathogen bacteria and reducing their utilisation puts even more pressure on the industry to help prevent epidemic disease as PRRS, PED or avian influenza. At the same time, nutritionists are asked to maintain or even increase growth performance in order to remain competitive. Based on this I can understand their potential reluctance to replace or add any new product in their formulation. However, it is critical for all the players of the animal industry to work together to find solutions for the future. EMF technology is definitely a big part of this solution and our goal is to help nutritionist to better understand how to use this new tool.

Are there any applications for this outside of the agricultural industry?

Once we understand that Electromagnetic waves can activate biological function and that frequencies can resonate with molecules and treat diseases the possibilities are endless. This technology has already been shown to have therapeutic effect on humans, so although we are not currently working on strategies outside of agriculture, we do have big plans for the future.

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62 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


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F

PRESERVING FEED BY GETTING A GRIP ON MOULDS

O

by Dr Eckel Animal Nutrition GmbH & Co. KG

ne of the most critical factors in global feed and food production remains to be the prevention of post-harvest losses. The postharvest system encompasses the delivery of a crop from the time and place of harvest to the time and place of consumption, ideally with minimum loss and maximum efficiency. Even under optimal growing and harvest conditions, losses immediately post-harvest are common. According to estimates by the FAO, up to 3.5 percent in central Europe and 30 percent in tropical areas are lost due to spoilage and pests. Efficient preservation methods for crops and feeds with organic acids are therefore of special interest for all parties involved in food and feed production. There are multiple factors leading to spoilage in feed and food, including moisture content, temperature, storage conditions and the naturally occurring microbial contamination (Table 1).

Nutrient losses

Moulds in feed are a serious economic problem because they consume the main nutrients and affect the palatability of the feed. Losses of nutrients caused by moulds can occur in magnitudes of up to 10 percent. The crude fat content of grains is especially affected by mould growth during storage, even more so than proteins and carbohydrates. Losses in metabolisable energy from maize may even reach 25 percent necessitating the use of additional costly sources of energy in the formulation, for instance fat and oil. Spoilt raw materials therefore reduce the efficiency of animal production.

The danger of mycotoxins

Apart from these nutrient losses, moulds also produce mycotoxins, threatening animal and human health. Many studies in the literature show the detrimental effects of mycotoxins on animal health and performance. The sensitivity for these effects is dependent on animal category, age, health status and also duration and level of exposure. Antonissen et al. (2014) described how the mycotoxin Deoxynivalenol might act as a predisposing factor for necrotic enteritis in chickens. Aflatoxins can be transferred into animal tissues and therefore pose a serious risk for the consumer (carry-through-effect).

Feed preservation is key

Prevention is the recommended method to avoid the problems arising from nutrient losses and mycotoxin contamination due to mouldy feeds. This means minimising the microbial spoilage from time of harvest to the final use of the material. Several methods are possible to preserve raw materials and feed in practice. These methods include drying, oxygen deprivation, cooling and the application of chemical preservatives. The use of organic acids to prevent feed and food spoilage is widespread. To get the highest preservation success the right choice for preservative and the correct application are imperative.

Choose the right preservative

Due to its lipophilic character, propionic acid and its salts are especially effective against moulds making it the organic acid of choice when contemplating feed preservation. As a result of its pKa value of 4.8, propionic acid is also active at a more neutral pH, which closely matches the native pH value in grain and feed. Organic acids cause inhibition of microorganisms by rapid diffusion of the undissociated molecule into the cell. Dissociation (release of the H+ Ion) of these molecules in the cell of the bacteria causes acidification of the cytoplasm thereby preventing growth (Lambert & Stratford, 1999). This is typically more effective at a low pH when â&#x20AC;&#x201C; depending on the respective pKa - a higher proportion of the acid is undissociated. Furthermore, propionates have been shown to prevent the formation of Ochratoxin A by Aspergillus sulphureus and Penicillium viridicatum (Tong & Draughton, 1985). Shekar et al. (2009) described a reduction of Aflatoxin in post-harvest maize by propionic acid and sodium propionate. The efficacy of different preservatives may easily be tested with the so-called CO2 test. In this test, the volume of carbon dioxide formed by microorganisms is measured in vitro. As moulds grow, they consume oxygen from the air and produce CO2. The higher the amount of CO2, the 64 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


F Table 1: Risk factors for spoilage Risk level

Low

Medium

High

9 – 11

11 – 14

> 14

microbial population

< 10,000

15,000 – 100,000

> 100,000

animal category

Finisher

Grower

Starter

< 40 dry, warm

60 – 60 variable

> 60 rainy, changing temperatures

moisture, %

humidity, % Weather

higher the contamination with moulds in the substrate. As shown in figure 1, the application of a propionic acid based preservative (MoldCid) decreases the CO2 production in grain, giving a clear indication that the microbial activity was reduced.

Protecting workers and equipment

The protection of staff and equipment is also an important criterion when evaluating mould inhibitors. Companies often face the decision of investing in acid resistant equipment or having to replace corroded parts regularly. Choosing a buffered acid, the acid salt or the combination thereof solves this problem without losing efficacy. This has the added effect of avoiding chemical reactions between the acid and other ingredients in feed. MoldCid, a unique blend of buffered propionic acid on a special carrier and propionic acid salts, guarantees a reliable and powerful preservation of grain and other raw materials during harvest and feed in the feed mill and on the farm (Figure 2).

Application tips

Apart from the choice of preservative, the preservation success

Figure 1: Effect of Dr. Eckel MoldCid on CO2 formation in an in vitro preservation test

is dependent on a variety of factors. The dosage rate has to be adapted to the type of raw material, moisture content and storage time. The mould inhibitor should be applied before the grain is milled. If the preserved grain is stored outside, it has to be covered, but not before at least three days have elapsed to avoid the formation of condensed water. Regular sensory control is advisable to detect any spoilage in time. The temperature in the grain must not rise after storage but should decrease over the period of two to three months. The grain should not be conveyed with a blower directly after application of the preservative, because acid that has not yet penetrated into the kernels may evaporate with the airstream. If a blower is used the dosage should be increased by 10 percent. Often, not enough attention is given to the condition of the storerooms. One reason is the poor accessibility of the silos where the feed is stored. The hatch is usually at the top of the silo and routine hygiene inspections and manual cleaning procedures are difficult to perform. Cleaning hatches are also often not available. Condensation can form on the walls inside of silos and lead to the formation of isolated nests of moulds that may spread through the

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 65


F

Figure 2: Mould growth in soy bean meal with and without MoldCid

Table 2: Efficacy range and proportion of undissociated acid at different pH values of different organic acids (Krämer, 2002) Acid

Effective against Bacteria

Sorbic acid

Yeasts

Proportion of undissociated acid at changing pH values (in %) Fungi

pH 3

pH 4

pH 5

pH 6

pH 7

+

++

++

98

85

37

5,5

0.6

Benzoic acid

+/++

++

++

94

61

13

1,5

0.15

Formic acid

++

+/++

++

83

32

4.5

0.47

0.048

Propionic acid

+

++

++

99

88

43

7,0

0.8

- = no effect; + = weak to marked effect; ++ = good effect

complete feedstock. Hygiene of the silos is therefore not always guaranteed. For optimal feed hygiene, it is therefore essential to address raw material preservation and silo hygiene at the same time.

Summary

Grain preservation can make an important contribution to the improvement of feed hygiene, thereby furthering the production of healthy food. The reduction of mould-induced losses and the prevention of mycotoxin build-up, help to save raw materials, which minimises costs and increases the efficiency of food production. A very important prerequisite for the preservation success is the choice of the right preservative and an exact and adequate dosage rate.

References

Antonissen, G., F. van Immerseel, F. Pasmans, R. Ducatelle, F. Haesebrouck, L. Timbermont, M.Verlinden, G. P. J. Janssens, V. Eeckhaut, M. Eeckhout, S. De Saeger, S. Hessenberger, A. Martel,

S. Croubels (2014): The mycotoxin Deoxynivalenol predisposes for the development of Clostridium perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis in broiler chickens. PLoS ONE 9(9): e108775. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0108775 FAO (2016): The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016. Contributing to food security and nutrition for all. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Lambert R. J., M. Stratford (1999): Weak-acid preservatives: modelling microbial inhibition and response. The Society for Applied Microbiology. Journal of Applied Microbiology 86, pp. 157-164. Shekhar, M., S. Singh, A. A. A. Khan and S. Kumar (2009): Efficacy of inorganic salts and organic acids against colony growth of Aspergillus flavus and their their use to control Aflatoxin level in post harvest maize. Internet Journal of Food Safety, 11, pp. 4-10. Tong, C. H., F. A. Draughton (1985): Inhibition by antimicrobial food additives of Ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus sulphureus and Penicillium viridicatum. Applied Environmental Microbiology 49, pp. 1407-1411.

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F

Sweeteners and Sweet Taste:

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Their application in companion animal foods and livestock feeds by Keith Klanderman, President and CEO for Nutriad, Inc

weetness is one of four to six basic taste perceptions when eating foods or drinking beverages high in sugars. The earliest example of human existence chronicled the eating of sweet fruits and plants, which were noted in paintings on cave walls in various parts of the world. Usually the tasting of sweet substances is associated with enjoyment and pleasure. Sweet, sour, salty, bitter, umami and spice are usually the perceptions that are clustered to span the range of taste sensations. Sweetness typically gets the most attention in human and animal application and this will be the focus and thrust of the article that follows.

A brief history

Many by-products are used in the feed industries that are produced during food processing activities. Some of these ingredients have high levels of sugars that can be effectively used in feeds for energy provision as well as improving palatability. Molasses from sugar cane or sugar beet processing was one of the first bulk applications of sweeteners for improving energy density in diets and providing enhanced palatability for livestock feeds. This was used for many years and continues today, but was briefly diverted during World War II to fuel the war effort by using it as a raw material to drive its fermentation to ethanol. Since farmers have grown accustomed to the use of molasses in their fields, they now needed a flavour and sugar replacement. It was at that time that the modern-day animal flavour and sweetener industry was established.

Comparing sweetness

Fructose is sweeter than glucose and sucrose. This has made possible the production of sugar syrups with the sweetness and certain other properties of sucrose starting from starch. In addition to sugars like sucrose, which typically serves as a benchmark, many other chemical compounds are sweet, including aldehydes, ketones and sugar alcohols. Even glycine and amino acids have sweet characteristics. Some are sweet at very low concentrations, allowing their application to be economically practical substitutions. Such non-sugar sweeteners include saccharin and NHDC, along with others. Aspartame is another such sweetener but it is not perceived as sweet by food producing animals. Even super high intensity sweeteners like thaumatin will elicit no sweet response unless it is bundled with other high intensity and bulk sweeteners, and then it is a species-specific response. Some components like miraculin may change perception of sweetness itself.

Response to sweetness

The electrophysiological measurements that are used to quantify sweetness along with the chemosensory basis for detecting sweetness, which varies between both individuals and species has only begun to be understood since the late 20th century. Most theoretical models of sweetness involve a three-dimensional multipoint attachment theory (much like an enzyme architecture), which involves multiple binding sites between a sweetness receptor and a sweet substance. Some of our experiences with taste physiology in the mid1990s will be referenced later in the article. Studies indicate that responsiveness to sugars and sweetness has very ancient beginnings, being manifested as chemotaxis even in motile bacteria such as E. coli. Newborn human infants and baby pigs demonstrate preferences for high sugar concentrations and prefer solutions that are sweeter than lactose, the sugar found in breast and sows milk. Sweetness appears to have the highest taste recognition threshold, being detectable at around one part in 200 of sucrose in solution. By comparison, bitterness appears to have the lowest detection threshold, at about one part in two million for quinine in solution. In natural settings for animals and humans, sweetness intensity should indicate energy density, while bitterness tends to indicate toxicity. The high sweetness detection threshold and low bitterness detection threshold would have predisposed animals to seek out sweettasting (and energy-dense) foods and avoid bitter-tasting foods. The â&#x20AC;&#x153;sweet toothâ&#x20AC;? thus has early animal consumption behavior characteristics and while feed manufacturing has 68 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


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Studying sweetness

Back in 1994 we engaged in several gustation studies along with one of the worldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s top taste physiologists Dr Goran Hellekant and his assistant Dr Victoria Danilova. Over the years they developed techniques to measure nerve responses to various taste stimuli. Primates at the University of Wisconsin Primate Center were the first animals to be tested. Later the domestic pig and calves of Bos Taurus were utilised in nerve response studies. The Department of Animal Health and Biomedical Sciences, at the University of Wisconsin, Madison was the location of the studies. Nutriad (Feed Flavors Inc. at the time) embarked on a multi-functional and interdisciplinary seven-year program to study olfaction and gustation in various food producing and companion animals. The program was called Taste and Olfaction Technologies 2000 (TOT 2000). The taste part of the studies centered on sweeteners and other taste characteristics. We primarily were looking at single compounds and some binary mixtures. Animals were anesthetised and the two nerves that principally innervate the tongue. The chorda Tympani (CT) and the glossopharyngeal (NG) nerves were sectioned and attached to electrodes. In both nerves, whole nerve and single taste fibre recordings were obtained. An elaborate system was constructed to record and process the nerve impulses from the various tastes applied to the tongue. The stimulus identity, its order, the maximum amplitude and integrated area of the response, the level of nerve activity before each stimulation, and the time for each stimulation were continuously presented on the computer screen and printed out during the experiment. Whole nerves, as well as single fibre responses in the CT and NG nerves of one to seven weekold pigs, were recorded during taste stimulation. Both nerves exhibited large responses to monosodium glutamate (MSG), as well as to glycine, xylitol, sucrose, fructose and glucose. Alitame, aspartame, betaine, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC), super-aspartame, saccharin and other sweetness elicited no or

Table 1

very little response. Various hierarchical cluster analysis of 49 (CT) fibers separated four major clusters. Many studies were done using the same protocols with pigs and calves to help us understand which sweeteners and combinations would give the best ability to stimulate positive taste responses. The positive or negative determination of neural responses was measured in other evaluations using traditional hedonic methods. The results from many of these findings help steer the design of some of our recent sweetener products like Powersweet. More studies will be needed in companion and food animals to determine binary, ternary and quaternary blends of sweeteners to provide synergistic outcomes. Over the last 30 years we have experienced and tried many approaches to the application of sweeteners in various feed and water presentations. In younger animals, we have observed the best results as evidenced by augmentation and reinforcement of feed intake. Weanling pigs followed by young ruminants responded the most to various sweetener combinations. Feed and water intake measures along with subsequent performance improvements have been well

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changed consumption patterns and strategies, animal physiology remains largely unchanged. Over the last fifty years, animal feed additive companies like Nutriad have used art and science to design effective palatability products to address producer concerns related to unpalatable feed ingredients and ingredient variability. Bulk and high intensity sweeteners have played a prominent role in that mission. Products like Hy-Sugr-Ade, Arti-Sweet and AgriSweet became sweetener/ sweetener-flavour combinations, which were, used around the world where taste is an ingredient. The sweetener ingredients used in combination created more potential to replace bulk sweeteners and worked synergistically with each other to deliver sweetness value economically. The complete sweetness profile could stand-alone or be combined with effective flavour ingredient combinations. The combination of sweetness with standard flavour products led to a proliferation of new and more efficacious products in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Products like Pig-Krave Extra and Super Pig-Krave Extra began showing up in feed mills and on hog farms around the world. A burgeoning sweetener-flour product development effort continued for 15 years, which laid the foundation for many products we use today. Customised sweetener-flavor products were trialed and tested across the USA and Europe as hog and dairy producers were using new ingredients, new genetics and new feeding systems that challenged feed intake and production efficiencies. Sweeteners played a critical role in supporting the paradigm shifts in nutritional management that provided productivity gains in the 1980s and 1990s.


F documented by customers and field trials. An uptick in product formulations containing aromas and taste components has also characterised the market. The use of sweetener combinations in water medicators has seen resurgence and effectively reduces the bitterness experience by many livestock species when consuming medications via water. New sweetener applications will certainly be at the forefront of product development efforts in the coming years.

Figure 1: Basic Anatomy of Taste Units

A new discovery

Finally, I will discuss a few observations and comments concerning cutting edge work with sweeteners and gut sensing physiology. In the past, taste cells were thought only to be found on the tongue. Various research projects have shown that taste receptors for detecting the basic tastes are also expressed in specialised cells in the gastrointestinal tract. The sense of taste is a major determinate for selecting, rejecting and developing preferences for different ingredients and diets. A key function for taste is to provide the immediate ability to detect important nutrients before consumption and avoid bitter tasting or potentially dangerous compounds. Sweet taste is a major sensory function involved in food choice. A sweet taste is associated with energy rich foods and has a major input on eating behavior. Researchers have identified the C- protein coupled receptors T1R2 & T1R3 as being responsible for sweet taste detection. The T1R2 & Table 2: Relative sweetness T1R3 sweet taste receptors respond Compound Sweetness level to various substances such as natural Sucrose 1.0 sugars, various artificial sweeteners, Fructose 1.5 sweet tasting proteins and various Dextrose 0.76 D-amino acids. Behavioral studies Sorbitol 0.50 have detected differences in sweet taste perception between species. Cyclamate 30 Sweet taste receptors (T1R2 Licorice 50 & T1R3) have been identified Acesulfam K 130 - 200 in the intestinal tract. The signal Aspartame 180 - 200 mechanism is similar to that in Stevia 200 - 300 lingual taste buds. The receptors are Saccharin 300 - 500 expressed throughout the intestinal NHDC 1,500 - 1,800 tract in specialised intestinal cells Thaumatin 2,000 - 3,000 named enteroendocrine cells. Neotame 7 13,000 Enteroendocrine cells are scattered as individual cells throughout the mucosa but only account for roughly one percent of the cells lining the intestinal lumen. These specialised cells secrete a variety of gut hormones and signals that control gut motility, nutrient absorption and metabolism. Intestinal sensing via sweet taste receptors due to detection of dietary sugars and various artificial sweeteners, can improve glucose absorption. Activation of the sweet taste receptors by these compounds increases the expression of sodium-glucose cotransporter-1 (SGLT-1) to the plasma membrane. Also released are two gut hormones, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose- dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP). These two gut hormones have numerous actions on appetite, insulin release, gut motility, intestinal structure and absorption of sodium, water and glucose.

References

Potter, Norman N. (2017-01-25). Food Science (5th ed.) Springer. P. 27. ISBN 0-8342-1265-X Blass, E.M. Opioids, sweets and a mechanism for positive affect: Broad motivational implications. Dobbing 1987, pp. 115-124) 70 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Figure 2: Sweet Taste Signaling in the Gut

Figure 3: Gut vs Tongue Receptor Physiology

Desor,J.A.; Mallor,O.;Turner,R.E. (1973). Taste acceptance of sugars by human infants”. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology. 84 (3):496-501. McAleer, N. (1985). The Body Almanac: Mind-boggling facts about today’s human body and high-tech medicine. New York: Doubleday. Johns, T. (1990). With Bitter Herbs They Shall Eat It: Chemical ecology and the origins of human diet and medicine. Tucson: University of Arizona Press Fischler, C. (1980). “Food habits, social change and the nature/ culture dilemma.” Social Science Information. 19 (6): 937-953. Fischler. C. Attitudes towards sugar and sweetness in historical and social perspective. (Dobbing 1987, pp. 83-89) Hellekant, G.; Roberts, T.W.; Danilova, V. (1999) Responses of Single Taste Fibers and Whole Chorda Tympani and Glossopharyngeal Nerve in the Domesticated Pig, Sus scrofa. Chemical Senses 24: (301-316) Hellekant, G.; Danilova, V. (1996) Species differences toward sweeteners. Food Chemistry., 56, 323-328. x Margolskee RF, Dyer J, Kokrashvili Z, Salmon KSH, Ilegems E, Daly K, Maillet EL, Ninomiya Y, Mosinger B, Shirazi-Beechey SP (2007) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104:15075-15080. About the author: The author Keith Klanderman , is Regional Director of North and Central America for Nutriad and has been President and CEO for Nutriad, Inc. since 2000. His activities investigating sweeteners and palatability in animal production systems date back to his years in graduate school at the University of Minnesota and his five years at Doboy Feeds in the early 1980s. Since 1985, he has lead most of the developments in dairy palatability for the company.


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MEASURING UP THE OPTIONS FOR GRAIN, FLOUR AND STARCH: SOLIDS FLOW METER OR

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MASS FLOW FEEDER? by Christopher D. Lewis, Eastern Instruments, USA n every industry, including the milling and grain industry, there are locations where a process can benefit from some sort of control, an optimisation or fine-tuning that will adjust the function of the process just enough to make it more efficient, more cost effective and more reliable. Often, this control can come in the form of a flow measurement or control system. Ideally, this flow measurement/control system would include a measurement of the input and output of each micro process in order to understand, for instance, the optimal input for a mill, the best ratio for mixing ingredients and ultimately, the best way of maximising output while minimising cost over the entire macro process. When determining the correct flow measurement/control system for your process, it is prudent to keep in mind exactly what you are looking to accomplish because that will help determine whether you are really looking for a flow meter to measure the flow of your grains, flours or starches, or whether you are actually looking for a flow control device that will control the flow of your product. When, then, should you measure flow and when should you control it?

Solids flow measurement

Flow Measurement offers you a window into your process. A proper flow measurement, for example, will allow you to see how much ‘dirty’ grain you are receiving and how much flour or milled grain you are able to produce from it. You will be able to see how well optimised your dryer is working or how efficiently your mill is performing. Often, flow measurement devices are used to measure incoming ‘dirty’ grains during ‘load-in’ as a way to verify the weight of product coming in from railcars or trucks. Product is typically just being unloaded at this point so control of the flow is not necessary. In fact, a mass flow feeder may actually slow the process by limiting the flow at which the truck/railcar is being unloaded, thus making the process even more inefficient. In other locations, flow measurement devices can be used in order to verify the proper function of particular pieces of equipment. In many instances, stoners, rolling mills or separators work most efficiently at a particular flow rate. Flow meters can be used at the intake of these devices to ensure the consistent flow rate of material into them. At the same time, flow meters are used at the discharge of these devices to verify the output of them. This is particularly useful when talking about equipment such as dryers that will change the physical properties of the product that is run through them. As grains move through the drying process, moisture is removed and the result is a loss of mass. A good way of ensuring that the dryer is working as efficiently and consistently as possible is to measure the product both entering and exiting the dryer to ensure that the moisture loss (and thus, 72 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

The CentriFlow® Meter from Eastern Instruments is a gravimetric style meter which gives a true measurement of the mass flow of product when forced around the curved measurement pan

the drying process) is consistent over time. If the comparison of the intake flow versus the exit flow from the dryer is inconsistent, that may be a signal that the dryer is working incorrectly or that there is a problem with the process. Whether milling grains into flour, cleaning seeds, or making feed pellets from raw grains, measuring your finished product is just as important as measuring your incoming product at the beginning of the process. Measuring your finished product allows you to know exactly how much product your system is producing which is important in its own right. By measuring the incoming product and the finished product in conjunction, however, you get the added benefit of being able to compare the two measurements so that you can gauge how efficiently your entire process is running. You can also watch for changes that may signal process concerns such as breakages in equipment or wear issues.

Solids flow control

If flow measurement is a window into your process, then mass flow control devices are doors that open for you, allowing you direct access to the intricate details of your process; details that you can arrange and rearrange until your system is optimised. Mass flow control devices such as mass flow feeders often work by controlling in either a batch style process or in a process that moves continuously. In continuous processes, the mass flow feeder generally works by controlling the flow rate of the products moving through it. For batching processes, the mass flow feeder would generally control the total amount of product that flows through it and would stop or close, thus shutting off product flow after a set point has been achieved. Mass flow feeders are useful for a variety of applications including controlling the flow rate of product entering a piece of equipment or for blending/batching various products together. When verifying the proper function of particular pieces of equipment, mass flow meters are certainly a viable option, as mentioned earlier, but sometimes, processes are so dynamic (meaning that they change so frequently) that flow rates into key pieces of equipment can be quite inconsistent. Even with a flow measurement, the flow could continue to fluctuate, causing inconsistencies in the operation of your equipment. This fluctuation is especially evident during atypical operation such as during ramp up and ramp down. At such times, it may be more practical to implement a mass flow feeder especially at the intake of critical equipment such as mills. By controlling the flow of material entering the mill, you will remove any inconsistency that an unpredictable flow could present. You will also ensure a more consistent end product, meaning better quality meals and flours. Sometimes, blends or batches of different products are combined to make end products. In such a case, feeders would again, be a prudent choice. When milling grains, different types


F of grains are often combined to produce specific types of flours or other milled grain mixtures. Sometimes, the processes can be continuous. In such cases, several mass flow feeders can be used in conjunction, to accurately blend a ratio of grains. The mass flow feeders are often installed at the discharge of grain bins, and a constant and controlled flow rate is discharged from the selected bins to achieve the desired blend. The same effect can be achieved if the process is not continuous, but rather is a batching process. In such a case, the multiple mass flow feeders would allow a pre-specified amount of product through the feeder before it would shut off the flow. The mass flow feeder would control based on total in this case, rather than flow rate, however, the result would be the same; a perfect ratio of various products for a more consistent and uniform end product.

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The solution

Whether you are choosing a mass flow meter or a mass flow feeder, Eastern Instruments has a solution that will fit your particular application. Our complete line of mass flow meters, called CentriFlow Meters, is specially suited to the mass flow measurement of grains, meals and flours. Offering a variety of options, flow surfaces and price points, CentriFlow mass flow meters are gravimetric in-line mass flow meters, which measure flow based on a centripetal force based measurement design. Offering either remote electronics or an integrated electronics design, the CentriFlow meter will output both flow rate and total

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for extremely accurate control of your process. The CentriFeeder from Eastern Instruments, which is specially suited for materials such as grains, offers both a flow measurement and controlled flow in a single device. It consists of a solids mass flow meter and a control gate (slide gate). The flow meter measures the flow while the integrated slide gate uses this flow measurement information in order to maintain a controlled flow rate. If a totalisation set point is entered into the feeder, then the CentriFeeder will also shut off the flow of material after the set point has been reached. Through the use of a highly customisable touch screen HMI, a PID control loop is established that regulates the integrated control valve feeding our patented CentriFlow® Meter. The outcome is an easily maintained, consistent flow that can, under some conditions, be controlled over a very high turndown range, for batching, ratio control or for any application where a controlled flow is required. Sometimes your process dictates whether a flow meter or a feeder is the correct option to choose and sometimes it is more difficult to decide. Be confident, however, that if you decide on Eastern Instruments, they will take care of the rest.

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THE WAVE OF THE FUTURE by John N Putnam – Radio Frequency Co, Inc

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adio Frequency Heating and Drying Technology has been commercially utilised in the food industry since the 1960’s. The 30 kW Macrowave™ pasteurisation System for granular food products was designed and patented by Radio Frequency Co.’s founder, Mr. Joshua G.D. Manwaring in 1966. His design featured a rotary product feeding tube to prevent agglomeration and a closed loop temperature control system, both considered cutting-edge technology at that time. RF Post Baking Dryers have also been widely commercialised in the USA and abroad, where this technology has increased the traditional conveyorised oven efficiency and throughput capacity by as much as 50 percent. RF heating and drying improves shelf life, eliminates checking and over-coloring, and minimises water activity in both human and pet foods, enhancing quality and food safety. With major food recalls beginning in 2009, and the resultant implementation of the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), a “New Wave” of interest in pasteurisation and disinfestation applications for this mature technology has developed. Both human and pet food manufacturers are evaluating the safety of their supply chain and manufacturing processes, and in many instances where RF is a great fit, the implementation and commercialisation continues. ‘RF pasteurisation’ is particularly effective in the treatment of dry ingredients where pathogens can be dormant and more challenging to eradicate by other methods. In 2016, after causing consumers’ illness, a major manufacturer was forced to recall 45,000,000 pounds of retail flour. Their downstream commercial customers were impacted as well having used the potentially tainted flour as an ingredient. The cost of notification, product recall efforts, potential liability, and preventative measures at numerous process points, is a huge expense, easily mounting into the millions of dollars. Repairing public relations is often an incalculable cost. While RF pasteurisation systems are primarily targeted at RTE and other high-risk applications, RF pasteurisation contributes not only to brand protection, but also to business protection!

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How it works and is it safe?

The unique structure of the polar water molecule, H2O is the basis for the thermal response of water when subjected to an alternating RF energy field. A water molecule is magnetically polar because there is an uneven distribution of electrons between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms. In a radio frequency heating system the RF generator creates an alternating electric field between two electrodes, above and below the conveyor. This alternating magnetic field causes the polar water molecules within the product to rapidly reorient themselves, creating friction, and in turn heat the product rapidly and uniformly throughout the entire thickness of the product whether it is in bags, or loose on a troughed conveyor. The area of the machine where this occurs is referred to as the RF applicator.


F RF heating is a thermal process caused by a non-ionising electromagnetic form of energy just like an FM radio transmitter. The USDA does not view the RF thermal process as an added ingredient. Therefore an organic product treated with RF can carry the certified organic label. Additionally, the FDA does not view the RF thermal process as invalidating the application of “natural” on the label, unlike irradiation, which is considered an additive, and therefore requires approval and special labeling.

RF heating for disinfestation and pasteurisation

In the 1980s Macrowave™ Disinfestation Systems were introduced to the manufacturers of cigars and cigarettes for the control of tobacco beetles. Since that time, tobacco beetles, and other agricultural insects, such as confused flour beetles, have been consistently eradicated by RF heating systems in all life stages, adult, pupae, larvae and eggs. Test data indicates that total mortality is achieved with RF heating at temperatures as low as 136°F. In March of 2006, Radio Frequency Co worked closely with the Almond Board of California to successfully develop a Macrowave™ pasteurisation System capable of providing a 5 log reduction for a particularly dangerous form of Salmonella, Enteritidis PT30. Systems for pasteurising bagged foodstuffs have also been

provided for products such as wheat, corn and rice flour, pea starch, various bean protein products, flax meal, nuts, spices, and other agricultural products, and prepared food items.

Achieving hold times with RF pasteurisation along with the addition of a heat retention zone

There are ways to achieve a proper hold time with RF pasteurisation equipment: The applicator transition time needs to be sufficient. Meaning the speed of the conveyor moving the product through the RF applicator allows the product to be maintained at the proper temperature for a long enough time period, and utilising pallet heat retention. As a bagged product is removed from the RF pasteurisation system and put onto pallets, a thermal mass is built up. This thermal mass may be sufficient to keep the product at a temperature long enough to ensure lethality. Evidence shows that an uncovered pallet of 50 lb bags of flour

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maintains an average heat which dissipates only 5.3°C (9.5°F) over 53 minutes. Further research shows that the same pallet size, covered with a thermal blanket, holds the heat even more, with a similar drop in temperature taking an hour and a half! If pallet heat retention is not practical due to logistics or because the product being conveyed is a bulk, not bagged product, you can add a heat retention zone to the RF pasteurisation system. Primarily this strategy is used for loose product on a troughed conveyor where it may cool more rapidly than in packaging. While the product is conveyed through the applicator it is brought up to the target temperature rapidly and uniformly. It then enters the heat retention zone which has circulating air, heated to the same temperature as the product. While the product is conveyed, no radiational cooling is allowed to occur; therefore the product is maintained at the target temperature, without overheating, for the required time period. Volumetric heating means there is no temperature differential from the surface to center, and no prolonged soak time which could be damaging to protein functionality. A short heating cycle allows the product to maintain protein functionality, and other organoleptic and nutritional qualities, also a rapid temperature rise reduces the ability for microbes to acclimate themselves to defend against high temperatures.

Thermal pasteurisation and microbial kinetics

The key success factors for any thermal pasteurisation process are a combination of temperature and time, the higher the temperature the shorter the required kill time. While an in-depth explanation of Microbial Kinetics is beyond the scope of this article, thermal pasteurisation relies on microbial kinetics for lethality of microorganisms. Three key metrics impacting lethality are: • D value. The time required at a certain temperature to kill 90 percent of specific bacterial populations or reduce the bacterial load by one log under specified conditions. • Z value. The change in the temperature, in degrees Fahrenheit (F) or Celsius (C) required reducing the specific bacterial load by a factor of 10 or by one log. • ‘Thermal Death Time’ (TDT), is the shortest time needed to kill all bacteria or microorganisms in a product at a specific temperature and under defined conditions. For RF pasteurisation to be successful, in addition to achieving the required temperature, the product being heated has to 76 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

maintain the targeted temperature for a predetermined period, or “hold time”.

Kill steps and the importance of safety

In regards to the FSMA and preventative controls, it is important to remember that covered facilities must establish and implement a food safety system that includes an analysis of hazards and risk-based preventive controls. The rule sets requirements for a written food safety plan that includes; hazard analysis, preventive controls and oversight and management of preventive controls. The RF pasteurisation system, as a critical control point, must be designed with oversite and management in mind. Monitoring, corrective actions and corrections and verification are components of the Oversite and Management system. In most cases, each product will have its own treatment protocol. Accordingly, the treatment process parameters are recipe selectable from the Human/Machine Interface (HMI). Something else vital to a safe working environment is the ‘HACCP’. The HACCP system is used to comply with FSMA Hazard Analysis requirements. Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point or HACCP is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product. A seemingly daunting term(s), “kill step” or “kill step validations”, but as an extra measure to put the users mind at ease during ease, the RF pasteurisation system can be implemented as a preventative control, and as a thermal process provides a killstep, which can be validated for compliance documentation. Kill-step validation is a preemptive scientific evaluation that provides documentary evidence that a particular process (e.g., cooking, frying, chemical treatment, extrusion, etc.) is capable of consistently delivering a product that meets predetermined specifications. A successful validation study requires diverse expertise, detailed design, an experienced microbiologist, a statistician, and a keen eye for sources of process variability (RF experience). A simplified description of a RF pasteurisation system validation usually consists of a client contracting with a laboratory (in-house or independent) to grow a surrogate for


Great feed. Are you sure it is? MYCOTOXIN MANAGEMENT: DISCOVER HOW WE ADD MORE Nutritionists create the best possible composition and use the best raw materials. However they can’t control the conditions in the field or during storage. Mycotoxins can have tremendous effect on health and growth of animals. Nutriad is the expert in solutions for controlling molds and mycotoxins in animal feed and raw materials. ® Nutriad offers a complete, EU-approved and hands-on range of solutions across species; such as UNIKE PLUS, ® ® TOXY-NIL and MOLD-NIL . These solutions have been tested extensively and have proven reliability. Additionally, Nutriad supports its customers with mycotoxin analytical services, providing accurate information on ® field status, which in combination with the MYCOMAN app, helps make the right choice of product and product dosage as quickly as possible. Supporting customers in protecting their animals and achieving higher performance.

Interested? Let’s get in touch: Visit nutriad.com for your local contact.


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Screen shot of real time data trending and archiving

the targeted pathogen. A microbiologist inserts packets of the surrogate within the product itself, which is then heated to a target temperature by RF in a simulated production environment. The packets are then retrieved from the product and returned to the laboratory for analysis against a control sample. The analysis is presented to the client, which if successful, demonstrates that when the product is processed within a given set of parameters, the log reduction (or APC/TCP) is expected to be within acceptable levels.

Preventative action

To ensure maximum safety and correct procedure at all times, it is best to take a three-pronged approach in how you would tackle the process of staying on top of your game at all time. Seemingly simple, however monitoring is very important at all times. All set points and process variables that affect

product temperatures and exposure time are monitored. In a bulk processing system with a heat retention zone, the product temperature is monitored at two critical locations. After the RF heating to ensure the product achieved the target temperature. At the end of the heat retention zone to ensure the product remained at the target temperature for the entire heat retention time. In the event of a process variable going out of specification, or a critical fault occurring, the event is recorded and the product stream is stopped or diverted to prevent it from entering commerce. All of these critical process set points and variables must also be archived with reference to the product code and lot numbers being processed to establish an audit trail. This data can be reviewed in the future to demonstrate the validated time/ temperature profile, and other established criteria, was adhered to during processing and therefore the product was successfully pasteurised.

Conclusion

Radio frequency is a proven technology that has been used in various industries for 70 years. RF post-baking drying has been widely used in the food industry for decades, and with uniform controllable heating profiles and proven performance, RF pasteurisation has also become fully commercialised. It is a USDA Organic Thermal Process, FDA Clean Label, FSMA compatible as a Critical Control Point Kill Step, and is able to be validated to comply with FSMA regulations. As such, it is no wonder that RF pasteurisation truly is the wave of the future.

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Reliability is not just a maintenance issue ...but a culture

On April 10-14, 2017 Milling and Grain's Group President, Darren Parris visited the IAOM conference in New Orleans before giving an in-depth review and overview on the 121st annual event in our May 2017 edition. This month we follow on with a thoughtprovoking talk given during the conference by Edward LaPreze. He discussed how reliability could improve plant operations and reduce maintenance costs. This was alongside his consideration as to what tools are available and how they can be used to reduce unplanned down time while increasing efficiency.

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by Edward LaPreze, CMRT, Pepper Maintenance, Milo, Missouri, USA

ow is reliability defined? Most people expect that equipment will start and continue to operate as long as needed. But how is reliability defined? Reliability for equipment is defined as; “the ability to perform a required function under stated conditions for a specific period of time.” An important note is that reliability is not just a maintenance issue, it is a culture. Reliability involves management, maintenance, operations, engineering and all parts of the company. There are a number of methods used to measure reliability. One method is ‘Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)’. This method measures the amount of time between placing a machine in service and when performance failure occurs. MTBF method is adequate when comparing equipment with similar operational use such as the length of service hours. To compare one machine that runs 24 hours a day with another running once a week will not be an equivalent assessment. Another method is ‘Mean Time to Repair or Replace (MTTR)’ which measures the time between maintenance operations. Both of these methods result in the same assessment error. A superior method may be the ‘Operational Availability’, which measures the percentage of time between actual operations and scheduled to operate. Operational Availability attempts to even the playing field regardless of actual operating hours. There are many tools available to a reliability culture. The first tool to consider is documentation. Without good records, it is very difficult to track, trend or understand the costs or constraints of equipment. Trusting memory is laden with errors and paper files are difficult to manage or search. ‘Precision Alignment’ is the next tool to consider. Equipment requires a good foundation that will dictate the life of the equipment. Good installation maximises the potential for reliable

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equipment life. Infrared surveys are crucial for electrical systems. There is no better method for locating electrical resistance problems. Correcting these issues will reduce electrical usage, nuisance trips and major heat damage to electrical systems. Ultrasonic lubrication enhances bearing life. It is a great method for ensuring proper grease levels and defect detection. Ultrasonic leak detection on compressed air systems can save thousands of dollars a year. Finally, ‘Vibration Analysis’ is an EKG on equipment providing a health report on each machine. ‘Vibration Analysis’ provides earlier warning detecting and identifying issues leading to reduced equipment life and availability. Documentation is a critical step to reliability. Keeping equipment specifications records (motor HP, motor frame, reducer, coupling, belts, bearings sheaves and other parts) makes any replacement or repair easier. Documentation will aid in determining reliability needs. Do you have records to justify a replacement, reconstruction or other major work that may be necessary? How much is your equipment costing you to run or maintain? Record keeping helps to understand how much reactive work is being performed. What are the percentages for reactive, rework or proactive work? Records provide the documentation to know how your system is performing. The greatest projects are built on a solid foundation at the beginning of equipment installation. Precision alignment builds on the foundation providing equipment the best possible start on life. Often overlooked, this is one of the most important maintenance tasks of reliability. Precision alignment ensures the most efficient transfer of power from drive to driven. Horsepower is lost overcoming misalignment and the restriction it causes. Any misalignment can increase energy consumption by as much as 10 percent or higher. Misalignment also increases stress on seals, bearings and belts. These stresses cause premature wear and failures. Misalignment in


F belt drives often leads to over tension solely to maintain belt traction. With these increases in load, the life of the bearing decreases. Increased load has a cubed effect on decreasing the life of a bearing. Infrared surveys are the only technique for locating resistance in electrical systems. Resistance loss is measurable but locating the actual source requires infrared thermography. Infrared is a noncontact inspection and will not interrupt production. Eliminating electrical resistance ensures the best power quality to your equipment. Not only will this provide better quality power to your equipment but will also reduce the energy loss to heat. Electrical heating is very costly and inefficient. Finding and eliminating these connections reduce the number and severity of heat sources that can be a part of the fire triangle. This creates a smaller opportunity for catastrophic failure. Any kind of resistance costs money. One use for ultrasonic is motor lubrication; a large problem with motor lubrication is hidden bearings. Motor bearings are often sealed to the exterior so over lubrication cannot be noticed. It is difficult to judge if the proper level has been achieved. Ultrasonic lubrication allows the operator to ‘hear’ the lubricant going into the bearing. Bearings can then be lubricated to just the right amount of grease. Ultrasonic lubrication is not merely limited to motors. This technology can be used on all bearings. Getting the right amount of lubrication in bearings will reduce failures and extend bearing life. Excessive lubrication is just as destructive as too little. Ultrasonic inspections can also save a lot of money detecting compressed air leaks. Leaks in compressed air systems necessitate air compressors work harder and longer to keep up with demand. Reducing these leaks will allow the compressor to run in idle mode longer and reduce energy usage.

Running in idle will help to increase the life and reliability of the air compressor as well. A leak of a quarter of an inch diameter on a 100-psig system can cost almost US$6000 per year. Finally, ‘Vibration Analysis’ enables an in-depth look into the health of your equipment. ‘Vibration Analysis’ is similar to an EKG, CAT scan and blood work all rolled into one. It offers a health report on each piece of equipment tested. ‘Vibration Analysis’ has the capability to see many different conditions occurring within. ‘Vibration Analysis’ can detect imbalance, misalignment, and looseness. It can also detect bearing issues, gear problems and flow issues. Often ‘Vibration Analysis’ can detect failures years in advance. Early detection allows plenty of time to plan repairs. With proper application, ‘Vibration Analysis’ can provide information about the health of critical equipment. Choose one technology to get a programme started. Start small and build. The ability to respond to findings is critical to the success of a Reliability program. As the programme unfolds, assets or technologies can be added or removed to fit needs. Reassess program needs on a regular basis. Assess the value being received and the ability to react to the findings provided and adjust the program as needed. Reliability as a culture can provide savings and peace of mind.

References

2013, July 9). Retrieved Sept 1, 2016 from Ludeca: http://www. ludeca.com Hillman, B. (2010, July). Maintaining Belt Drives for Maximun Savings. Maintenance Technology, 5 (3), pp. 24-26 SMRP. (nd). SMRP Metrics. Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

DESIGN BUILD

Norwood and Company

EXPAND With four generations of experience in the grain, feed, flour milling and wood industries our family would be more than happy to help you design, build, repair or expand any new or existing grain facilities We also offer a large variety of new and used grain equipment to help meet your needs norwood_hp.indd 1

REPAIR Contact us on: Fred Norwood, President; Tel: +1 405 834 2043 Brandon Norwood, Vice President; Tel: +1 785 822 4109

www.norwoodandco.com Milling and Grain - June 2017 10/02/2015 | 81

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The importance of correct on-farm grain storage by Chief Industries, UK

o one can deny that grain storage is necessary on farms. The producer needs to store the large quantities of grain coming off the land at harvest time. The stock farmer needs to store sufficient grain to ensure he has stocks to provide reliable reserves of grain for his cattle, pigs, chicken, etc. But what are the options for storage, and what are the considerations for storage?

Cost

In considering the cost one must take into account the capital cost and, whilst this is one’s first main focus, it has to be evaluated in terms of the annual cost. What is the lifetime of the plant or equipment? What is the maintenance cost and running cost? Is there a resale value? What are the associated labour costs? All of these questions should be asked by the famer prior to making a decision. And finally, review that cost in relation to the value of the crop being stored. What can seem a lot of money may be comparatively small in relation to the contents of the storage system.

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Security

Security actually covers a wide range of factors that are very important to consider. Of prime importance is to keep the grain in safe and good condition. What grain you put into storage should come out in almost exactly the same condition. That is of paramount importance. The most expensive loss you can have is for stored grain to be spoiled. Of course, the method of storage should be designed to accommodate the stresses of holding grain in a contained area. The forces associated with stored grain are substantial. Ignore them at your peril, or someone else’s. Failed storage systems can easily result in loss of life. Then you need to consider damage and losses due to rodents, birds, and insects. How secure will the grain be against moisture? From rain entry, ground water, condensation, or simply being put into storage at too high a moisture content. Finally, maybe the first thing anyone thinks about when you mention “security” is, how safe is the grain against theft.

Bags

Thankfully the days of storing in bags are coming to an end, but only slowly in Africa and parts of the Middle and Far East. It is labour intensive hard work. Bag life is short, so although it may not be a high cost it is on-going and an annual cost.


Bags are susceptible to damage from rodents and other pests, and need protection from rain and surface water. There are some reasonably successful insecticide treatments that can be administered under sealed tarpaulins, but it is a task that needs to be undertaken with significant care. Bagged grain is relatively easy to steal in small quantities of a few bags at a time, necessitating the need to count and control every movement of bags, causing an extra administrative burden.

Warehouse

If one already has a suitable storage shed this is a relatively cheap method of storing grain, and well suited to storing a single crop. Ventilation of the grain is not easy and will require temporary ventilation ducts that need lifting up as the store is emptied, and laying down again as the store is filled. Alternatively one can use small fans on spear shaped ducts that you push down into the grain. They work, but it is not an ideal solution. Filling and emptying an existing shed is always a problem. Usually the most effective way is with a front end loader with a decent size bucket on the front. If you already have one then it is the simplest way. If you have to buy one simply to use an existing shed then the economics are doubtful. Firstly the capital cost of these units is high, and when you add on the running and maintenance costs it becomes an even more expensive option. Alternatively you can use a pneumatic conveying suction blower, either electric or tractor driven. They work quite well but consume a lot of power. They are not suitable for sensitive crops like edible beans, but are very versatile with normal grain. When using an existing shed take great care with the walls.

They are unlikely to be retaining walls and will not be built to withstand the pressure of grain, which is CONSIDERABLE. If they are not retaining walls, then plan to have the natural angle of incline of the grain at floor level when it reaches the walls. You need to allow for some slippage of the grain during storage so in any event it can end up resting against the bottom 300-400mm of wall. Alternatively you can purchase retaining wall panels to stand inside the existing walls, or you can have your existing walls reinforced by a civil engineer to accommodate the loads. You could consider having a purpose built grain storage shed to store your grain. This has many advantages over using an existing shed. A purpose built storage shed can have level floor ventilation channels already built in. You can have dividing walls between bays, allowing you to store different crops. And you can have retaining walls already built into the design. If you are still going to use a front end loader for filling and emptying, then you may still be competitive with silo storage, but will suffer from the high running costs of the loader. You also do not have good environmental control, insect control, and control over the possible access by rodents and birds. However, with purposedesigned warehouse grain storage, you could also incorporate a good mechanical loading and unloading system but your costs could easily be 20% higher than a silo storage system, and you do not have alternative use of the warehouse when not storing grain. Your area of land occupation will also be much larger than with grain silo storage.

Bunker and pile storage

Bunkers and piles are relatively cheap storage facilities for storing a large quantity of grain for temporary short periods.

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F There are no hard and fast rules and there will always be some long term storage taking place. Bunkers are usually elongated, open storage bays with strong retaining walls on either side, and a tarpaulin type weather protection. Or complete encasement in a sausage style waterproof structure. Some more sophisticated systems will have ventilation included in the design, but one of the highest risks with this type of storage is condensation occurring within the enclosed grain and the relatively thin membrane separating the grain from the outside environment. Therefore the grain must be dry before going into bunker storage and care must be taken to ensure there is no damage to the sealing of the cover and no chance of water ingress. Piles is a term used for storing grain in large diameter low walled structures. Typically, two or three ring high silo wall steel sheets work well for this construction. Filling should be done from the centre and this needs to able to raise the centre filling to a considerable height in order to have a large cone shaped pile to the height determined by the natural angle of incline of the product. In low rainfall areas these piles often have no weather protection. What rain that does fall onto the grain tends not to penetrate more than about four inches into the grain and that wastage must be taken as an acceptable risk on a large cheap storage volume. Various weather protection covers are available. The choice then is between the cost of weather protection in relation to risk of rain damage Bunkers and piles have their place but would not be described as serious, secure storage for most farmers.

Silo storage systems

For a professional, serious grain storage project, by far the most

popular method of storage is in silos, and all current trends have moved away from concrete constructed silos to steel silos. Steel silos are suited to the very small farm, to large commercial installations and to everything in between. There is such a range of possibilities with a basic design of variable diameters and height that virtually any requirement can be met. The steel storage silo is secure and designed for the loads, providing you with a safe storage vessel that will last for many years. It provides protection against weather, rodents and birds. A correctly designed system will have the facility to protect against insect activity. A good ventilation system will keep your grain cool and in good condition. With temperature monitoring systems you have a constant check on the condition of the grain, and built-in warning systems will ensure you are informed of a problem without you having to remember to carry out your own checks. It is very simple to mechanise the filling and emptying process of silos. This makes the incorporation of cleaning, drying, weighing, and re-circulation of grain extremely easy - far more so than an on-floor storage system. Operation of the functions of the plant are initiated at a “touch of a button” or “touch screen”, no big front-end loaders running around with large engines. The power requirement will be enough to do the task and considerably less than a front end loader. Of course a silo installation is a permanent structure and it does not lend itself to many other uses apart from storing grain, so you need to be fairly confident of the need for grain storage for at least a few years, to justify the investment. However it is the most secure and safe grain storage method available, and in the long term can easily work out the most economical solution.

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Figure1

Figure2

Figure 3

Figure 4

Figure 5

The six guidelines you need to specify a bulk bag filler

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by David Boger, Vice President, Global Business Development & Marketing, Flexicon Corporation

xponential growth in the use of bulk bags has spawned an entire manufacturing segment dedicated to producing specialised equipment that not only fills and discharges bulk bags, but offers various degrees of automation and integrates filling and unloading operations with upstream and downstream equipment. As the number of equipment options increases, so should the ability of the ‘specifier’ to evaluate stand-alone equipment and integrated systems against current and anticipated needs. Here I address the ‘filler’ half of the bulk bag handling equation, offering the six most important parameters to consider when satisfying any individual bulk bag filling requirement with top efficiency and cost effectiveness.

1: Anticipate maximum capacity

The difficult but critical question: How many bulk bags will you need to fill per week during the useful life of your next bulk bag filler? With a few exceptions, buying a more costly filler with higher capacity than you now need will be less costly than replacing a filler you outgrow, unless that filler can be retrofitted with performance enhancements at a later date. Capacity requirements run the gamut, from one bag per week to 20 bags per hour. Where your volume falls should, in part, influence your decision to specify a manual, semi-automated or fully automated machine. Generally speaking, the more manual the filling operation, the more output is subject to variation. When gauging the capacity and payback of manual equipment against automated equipment, you need to determine the average pace at which operators can attach, detach and cinch bag spouts, remove filled bags, load 86 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

pallets and conduct all other filler-related operations. When estimating the time allocated to these manual functions, it is advisable to anticipate a pace that an operator can realistically maintain throughout an entire shift while avoiding fatigue or injury. For the lowest volume applications, a basic filler operated manually will maximise your return on investment. One example is a medium-gauge Twin-Centrepost™ filler (Figure 1) that offers the structural integrity of four-post fillers but at significantly lower material and fabrication costs and with less weight. This two-post design also affords unobstructed access to the bag spout and loops, facilitating rapid manual insertion and removal of bags. This class of filler is typically equipped as standard with fill head height adjustment via fork truck to accommodate all popular bag sizes, a feed chute vent port for dust-free air displacement during filling, and an inflatable cuff to seal against the bag inlet spout and ensure it does not collapse on itself during filling. Limited performance options, which can be added initially or retrofitted, include an inflator to expand the bag prior to filling, and a programmable scale system with flow control valve for filling by weight. The cost of a scale system can be avoided by placing the entire filler onto an all-purpose plant scale, providing the filler is properly equipped for in-plant mobility (Figure 2). If a forklift is unavailable to remove filled bags, as is required by the above-mentioned fillers, configurations are available with a three-sided base that provides access from the open side using a pallet jack (Figure 3). This low-profile configuration can also be utilised to conserve height in low headroom applications. The time required to prepare empty bags for filling, and to remove filled bags from beneath the filler, can have as much or


F

Figure 7

Figure 8

Figure 9

greater influence on maximum filling capacity than the rate at which material enters the bag. As such, adding a roller conveyor allows filled bags to be rolled out of the filling area for spout cinching and pallet/bag removal while another bag is being filled. Adding such a conveyor system, however, generally requires a filler with rear posts (Figure 4) and a cantilevered fill head equipped with hooks that release bag loops automatically, so if higher capacity is in your future, a rear post configuration may be your best choice today. Increasing the capacity of systems equipped with roller

Figure 10

Figure 11

conveyors to the next level generally entails adding an automated pallet dispenser (Figure 5) which places pallets and slip sheets onto the roller conveyor upstream of the filling operation, further reducing the time required for each filling cycle by limiting manual operations within the filling station exclusively to loading an empty bag. To further reduce the time needed to attach the spout of an empty bag to the filler, this Swing-Down® filler (Figure 6) lowers the entire fill head to within an arm’s length of an operator standing on the plant floor. Further, it pivots the bag spout into a vertical position, enabling

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Figure 6

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Milling and Grain - June 2017 |30-01-17 87

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STORAGE

F the operator to connect the spout of an empty bag to the inflatable bag spout collar in several seconds, after which the spout pivots back to horizontal, the entire fill head returns to fill height, the bag is inflated, and filling commences. Additionally, when the bag reaches its target weight, the bulk material delivery system deactivates automatically, the spout collar deflates, the fill head raises to decouple from the spout, and the powered roller conveyor sends the bag downstream of the filling area--automatically, rapidly and safely.

2: Evaluate safety against manual operations required at any given level of capacity

With manual and semi-automated filling operations, the potential for worker fatigue and injury can increase according to required output per shift, relative to the type of bulk bag equipment specified. Consider that the connection points of a conventional filler are often beyond the reach of most operators, even when short bags are being filled. But adding the height of a roller conveyor to the height of a bulk bag to the length of its bag loops puts the connection points for bulk bags of only 122cm in height at approximately 213cm above the floor! This requires an operator to stand on a platform, a ladder, or on the roller conveyor while straining to reach overhead spout connection points and inserting hands between temporarily disabled moving parts. Difficult-to-reach spout connection points can therefore compromise safety as well as capacityâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;two problems that can be solved with the addition of a fill head that lowers and pivots to the operator at floor level. Repetitive manual tasks such as releasing bag hooks, placing pallets on a roller conveyor or actuating bulk material delivery, also increase the potential for error and injury, justifying semi- or fullyautomated equipment for all but the lowest volume applications.

3: Ensure dust is contained

Even the most rudimentary filler is likely to be equipped with an inflatable spout seal (Figure 7) to hold the bag spout firmly in place during filling. However, not every fill head is vented to a dust collector to filter displaced air and dust, and to vacuum ambient dust in the operatorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vicinity during disconnection and cinching. It is therefore important to confirm that the filler you are considering is so equipped, particularly when contamination of the product or plant environment cannot be tolerated.

4: Determine your need for multi-function filling

If your plant fills drums, boxes or other containers as well as bulk bags, multi-function fillers (Figure 8) can boost production, undercut the cost of separate equipment and reduce the amount of floor space required. Multi-function fillers can be switched from bulk-bag to drum-filling mode in seconds by positioning the swing-arm-mounted drum-filling chute under the fill head discharge port. The chute automatically rotates to deliver material to all four drums on a pallet. Similar adapters for boxes, totes or other containers are also available with varying levels of automation.

5: Match the feed source to your material and your filler

Filling capacity, accuracy and efficiency are often limited by the ability of upstream equipment to feed material consistently and in sufficient volumes. High capacity, semi- or fully-automated fillers therefore require high-capacity feeding systems that are typically 88 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

automated and feed material into the filler by gravity or by a metering device. The ability to gravity-feed material depends on whether a material storage vessel can be located above the filler, and on the materialâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s flow characteristics. The more free-flowing it is, the more accurately its flow can be varied (down to trickle-feed rate) by a slide gate or other valve that must close the instant a precise target weight has entered the bag. Non-free-flowing titanium dioxide (TiO2) for example, may flow in a trickle and then in clumps, and it may bridge above the flow control valve, making it a poor candidate for gravity feeding. For non-free-flowing materials, a metered feeding system is required to feed the filler accurately and consistently. Metering systems can include a flexible screw conveyor (Figure 9), screw feeder, rigid auger, drag disk, bucket elevator, rotary airlock valve, or other device that does not rely on gravity alone to deliver material to the filler. The selection of a metering system can hinge on the available space above the filler, since surge hoppers and filter-receivers with rotary airlock valves may require more headroom than is available. In these cases, the discharge housing of a flexible screw conveyor can often fit between the filler inlet and the ceiling joists, while eliminating the need for a flow-control valve. For products that are easily aerated, pneumatic conveying systems should be avoided, since the conveying process can cause the material to require a much lengthier densification/ de-aeration cycle to achieve the desired fill weight and package stability. If sufficient headroom exists above the filler, a surge capacity equivalent to the weight of a filled bag can be employed to reduce cycle times while maintaining accurate fill weights. This configuration allows bag changeover to occur while the subsequent batch is in the process of being weighed. When a pneumatic conveyor is used as the material delivery system, the filter-receiver can be sized to hold the weight of an entire bulk bag (Figure 10) to apply this method. For the same reason, a surge hopper above the filler can be considered when utilising mechanical metering devices moving material to the filler from both storage vessels and plant processes.

6: Comply with sanitary requirements

While all fillers can be constructed of stainless steel with ground and polished welds, their designs can preclude sanitising according to government standards. If your application must meet sanitary requirements, your choices should be limited to designs that are accepted by the USDA Dairy Grading Branch (Figure 11) or other agencies to which you must comply, or to which you elect to comply for assurance that sanitary conditions can be maintained.

Conclusion

With an almost unlimited combination of filler designs, features and upstream equipment from which to choose, specifiers have the ability to tailor bulk bag filling systems according to capacity requirements, expandability, safety concerns, plant hygiene considerations, ancillary filling needs, upstream equipment and sanitary standards. While numerous available options can complicate the selection process, they can also yield a highly efficient and cost effective solution to any given filling problem, providing that fundamental steps are taken to evaluate equipment against precise requirements.


Industry Profile

E

Kice Industries, Inc. Wichita, KS, USA

arlier this year, Milling and Grain caught up with Drew Kice, President of Kice Industries, Inc. Wichita, KS, USA to learn more about the company’s 70 years of flour milling innovation. Founded in 1946 by Wilbur Kice and his three sons, Jack, Russell, and Jim, Kice Industries, Inc. has a long history in milling equipment manufacturing. Mr Kice commented, “Wilbur had a unique air classification system that removed fines and damaged grain. This system required industrial air equipment so Kice Ind. designed and manufactured all the components, which included a fan, cyclone, rotary airlock valve, and ducting. During the 1950s, pneumatic conveying of material was becoming popular so Jack and Russell developed the required engineering calculations and Jim manufactured the necessary conveying equipment.” He continued, “The primary industry Kice Ind. worked in was the flour milling industry and grain processing. Pneumatic conveying quickly became the accepted method of conveying the different millstreams in the milling process and Kice Ind. became one of the leaders in complete mill pneumatics systems. Kice Ind. is still entirely family-owned and operated by members of the fourth generation.” Kice Industries serves not only the flour milling industry but also other sectors of the food industry and have developed and patented some unique equipment such as Kice Shortflow® Unit flourmill. In referring to the unique and impressive fact that Kice Ind. has over 70 years and four generations of experience in the milling industry, Mr Kice went on to say how, “We have equipment in almost every mill in the U.S. and someone from our company has been in almost every mill in the U.S. Indeed, our specialty is our skill and experience in building the best equipment possible and our knowledge in how to apply that equipment in the flour milling industry. Kice Ind. is also unique in that we manufacture and support all the major components required in a pneumatic conveying system in the U.S.A.” He further remarked upon one of the largest changes in the milling industry as having been “the consolidation of ownership and production. In the early days of our company, the industry had a great number of smaller capacity, independent, family-owned flourmills. Today, most of the new mills are large capacity and built by large milling companies. However, there is still a lot of interest and opportunity for smaller specialty flourmills.” He concluded that, “As we know, bread is the stuff of life. We are so 90 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

blessed to have the grains available to grind those into flour to produce wholesome and healthy bread. I do not see any major changes in our desire for flour products and I believe the milling industry will continue to thrive. We are very glad the founders of Kice Ind. chose the milling industry to focus on right back at the start. We have diversified the markets we serve but we continue to think of the grain industry as our core market. Our roots in the milling industry are over 70 years deep.”


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F CASE STUDY

CASE STUDY

First full colour optical sorter for rice installed in the Caribbean Rice is one of the most important agricultural products in the Dominican Republic. It has a major political, economic and social impact on the Dominican society. These reasons, among others, are why rice millers in the country are always looking for ways to improve the quality and production capacity of rice being sold to consumers.

O

ne of the most important characteristics of the final processed rice grain is its appearance. Consumers in the Caribbean have come to expect high quality rice that shows a uniform and consistent bright white colour. There are many types of processing machines and equipment to help clean the product, but the optical sorter sits at the heart of the operation and can be considered the most important. The full colour sorter serves as a final quality check at the end of the processing line, removing any remaining defective product such as foreign material or damaged and discoloured grains.

92 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Satake, a world leader in rice milling technology, recently launched their new, cost-effective, high capacity optical sorting platform, the REZS colour sorter in Latin America. This full colour innovative sorting technology has been proven worldwide as an industry standard for rice inspection and defect removal. Earlier this year in the Dominican Republic, Mr Jose Rafael "Negro" Hernandez, owner of Agroservicios del Cibao and representative for Satake, successfully installed and started-up the first Satake REZS in the Caribbean for Federación Gregorio Luperon. The cost-effective Satake REZS colour sorter delivers high capacity clean rice at a price that every processing mill can afford. This type of machine not only increases Federación Gregorio Luperon’s quality and reputation, but customers are also very satisfied with the superior product. Mr Roberto Familia, the company’s President, comments in a recent interview; “Our clients are also happy. Our sales are increasing because we are sending them higher quality rice. We are also not getting any more returned product with this machine. We have excellent rice quality now.” When asked why Federación Gregorio Luperon decided to purchase a Satake colour sorter, Mr Familia was quick to comment, “We needed a colour sorter to compete in the rice market and to improve the quality of our products. After considering all options, we decided to buy Satake because it is the best brand on the market. Satake is a proven technology and synonymous with quality. Satake makes highly reliable equipment and the machines last longer.” Many rice-processing mills are sold on the idea that monochromatic


or bi-chromatic (black and white) is the ideal sorting technology for rice, and that full colour is not needed. That is far from the truth. As a proven solution with this installation and company’s success, and many others around the world, full colour machines offer a far superior technology in their ability to detect slight colour differences such as yellow and green defective rice grains, at a similar cost to the older, more traditional technologies. After a few months using their new REZS colour sorter, Mr Familia notes, “We are very happy with this machine. It is doing

an excellent job and we are very satisfied. It was a good decision to buy Satake.” Federación Gregorio Luperon is one of the smaller mills in the area, but they have big plans for expansion. After the successful installation of the Satake REZS colour sorter and with increased rice sales revenue, Mr Familia is looking ahead. “Our next project is to invest in storage and dryers to increase the receiving capacity of paddy rice.” Satake anticipates that other rice milling facilities in the region will follow Federación Gregorio Luperon and install full colour sorting machines in their processing lines. These innovative companies, both large and small, will lead the way to improved rice quality and increased capacity of clean and healthy milled rice for consumers in the Dominican Republic and the Caribbean.

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WORLD FEED AND GRAIN MARKET REVIEW Wheat surplus continues - despite US and European crop scares

by John Buckley

The big topic of conversation in the maize market in the past month has been an unusually prolonged bout of wet weather challenging farmers across many of the USA’s main ‘Corn Belt’ states.

The past few weeks have marked a more volatile period, price-wise, for a world wheat market that had long been sagging under the weight of burdensome supply. A firmer trend was led by the US market as the late return of wintry conditions – including two feet of snow in some areas - threatened to damage ripening crops of hard red winter wheat, the USA’s main export class, in several key states. The main worry was a quality hit, possibly yield loss too, from broken stems. Some areas that didn’t get the snow cover were said to have been exposed to frost damage. US traders were also worried about too much rain inundating some fields of soft red winter wheat, the basis of the bellwether Chicago wheat futures market. Coming on top of the steep cuts in planted acreage we reported in our last review, this demanded a little more caution from those who had been relentlessly betting on world wheat prices continuing to fall – especially the speculative funds who had sold the market heavily short in Chicago. Their need to rapidly ‘short cover’ some of these positions probably exaggerated the futures markets’ reaction. The peak impact was fairly short-lived, however, as a coinciding annual crop tour of Kansas – the USA’s ‘breadbasket’ wheat state – came up with an average yield forecast of a surprisingly high 46.1 bu/acre – which was actually well above the five-year average of 41.6bpa. That might ultimately prove to be too optimistic if crop surveys, as some analysts claim, failed to take full account of the potential weather damage. On the other hand, some anecdotal reports were coming in of supposedly flattened crops bouncing back up. It was expected to take a couple of weeks at least to properly assess what has really happened to these crops, possibly longer. But if the US does lose, say, four to six million tonnes of winter wheat, would this really justify higher US/world wheat prices? Probably not, according to many comments from trade and other analysts, if only because the US is going into its next marketing year (which starts locally on June 1st) with a massive carryover stock from the last few bumper seasons. The last estimate of this from the US Department of Agriculture was 31.6m tonnes, which compares with 21.5m brought in last year and is almost double the starting stock that was carried forward two years earlier. Furthermore, about half of this current stock is hard red winter wheat – the class mostly at risk from this spring’s wintry weather. So no lack of US wheat – more a case of trimmed surplus. Another factor making for some wheat price volatility in the past month has been the long dry winter over much of Europe. In France it has slashed the soft wheat crop’s condition rating in recent weeks from over 90 percent ‘good/very good’ to just 74 percent. This time last year the proportion in that state was 87 percent. In a year when EU wheat output has been tipped to recover from last year’s weather set backs, dry weather was also being talked up in Spain,

94 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


Hungary, the UK and several other member states, demanding some ‘risk premium’ be put back on prices that had trended lower in March. How serious a problem this turns out remains to be seen. France itself finally got a good dousing in early May which probably helped stabilise crops in many areas but more rain will be needed to make up for months of below par moisture. This has been reflected in some trimmed crop total EU wheat output estimates from the Commission’s crop-monitoring body, MARS although, at this stage they, and other bodies like the International Grains Council are still expecting production to increase this year (albeit offset by lower carry-in stocks). Among the other big wheat supplying countries, the story remains much the same as earlier in the year. Canada and Australia are not cutting back appreciably on their planting but expect their crops to decline anyway as yields fall back from last year’s unusually high levels. Argentina, on the other hand, is expected to raise sown area by 17 percent, and produce seven percent more wheat than last year, according to some local observers (the larger plantings again offset by expected lower yields). The Russian crop is still expected to retreat a little from last year’s record high on a moderate yield pullback but will remain large by historical comparision. Ukraine’s will also be down after a challenging start from the weather but in neither case is this likely to diminish the ‘Black Sea’ region’s pivotal influence on global

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wheat pricing – i.e. providing stiff competition to EU and other exporters. Russia has, in fact, been among the bearish factors in the past few weeks amid reports that it is going into the 2017/18 season with record large (post-Soviet era) stocks. The Grains Council estimates these around 12.5m tonnes – more than double last year’s – despite also achieving forecast record exports this season of some 29.6m tonnes (putting it narrowly ahead of the US and Europe as the largest wheat exporter). Russia’s March exports alone hit a new record for the month of 2.9m tonnes – over 60 percent higher than the previous record for the month, led by growth in sales to Egypt, Sudan, Yemen and Bangladesh. That seemed to weigh more with the markets than reports that Ukraine had now sold most of its 2016/17 exportable wheat surplus but that had probably already been factored in. Markets also shrugged off Canadian first quarter wheat stock estimates coming in a bit below the expected level, as these were still up by 15 percent on the year – so able to supplement this year’s expected smaller crop. Among the other big, usually non-exporting wheat producing countries, the largest of all, China is expected to turn out a similar crop to last year’s while India does, after all, seem to be heading for a significantly larger harvest after better Monsoon rains followed two ‘back-to-back’ years of dry weather. Overall, the world crop is expected by the IGC to reach 736.5m

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95 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


tonnes - down about 17m tonnes or just over two percent from last year’s record harvest. Even that drop will not make much difference to the large global stockpile of wheat which the Council sees staying close to last year’s 240m tonne level or about 32.4 percent of consumption needs (nearly four months’ supply!) The UN Food & Agriculture Organisation meanwhile has the next crop at 740m and actually sees lower consumption boosting next season’s stocks by a further 3.3 percent to 247.6m tonnes. None of this news is conducive to higher wheat prices ahead. Nonetheless, Chicago futures continue to display a forward premium of around 15 percent on deliveries this time next year. European soft wheat on the Paris exchange is meanwhile showing a smaller but still significant six percent increase a year, which looks closer to the likely outcome. Less, but still plentiful, maize The big topic of conversation in the maize market in the past month has been an unusually prolonged bout of wet weather challenging farmers across many of the USA’s main ‘Corn Belt’ states. Producers have been looking somewhat anxiously toward their crop insurance policies that specify mid-late-May cut-offs, aware too that late sowing can bring a yield penalty. Like wheat, corn is being planted on significantly fewer acres in the US this year. The relative equanimity with which market prices have responded suggests this is not yet a factor to worry too much about. Indeed the latest estimates from the US Agriculture Department show that, nationally, the planting campaign has not been held up at all – even if some prime corn states like Iowa are running a little late. Progress at the last count was around 48 percent - only just below the five-year. Furthermore, as many crop analysts have pointed out, modern machinery means when farmers can get into drier fields, they can move at a frenetic pace. Having said that, at the time of going to press, over half the crop had yet to go in and the trade will probably not breathe easy until they see that successfully planted, up and running (some flooded fields may need to be replanted too). The plus side is all the extra subsoil moisture in reserve. Certainly for the first few weeks and possibly longer, there should be little concern about drought. So far this year, as the chart shows, the CBOT corn futures market has actually been less volatile than for the past two years, holding in a relatively narrow $3.50/3.70 per bushel range (about $143/151/tonnes). The IGC’s early projection for the US crop of 360m tonnes is down about 25m on the year but that’s offset by 58.4m tonnes of carryover stock – 14.4m more than last year. With US consumption not currently expected to grow much in 2017/18 and exports probably easing back amid restored competition from Latin America’s crop comeback, a US supply of that size should more or less cover demand without taking those large surplus stocks down by much. South America’s recovery from the previous year’s weather problems is likely to keep a lid on this market, at least until we know more about their planting plans for 2018 in last quarter 2017. The latest estimate for Brazil’s current crop is 26.5m tonnes bigger than last year’s, Argentina’s up by 9.5m. As Brazil’s

96 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

stocks were depleted by its crop shortfall and over-exporting early last season, it will take a bit longer for the full force of this supply to flow to foreign markets – probably when the exportoriented second or ‘Safrinha’ crop arrives. That may weigh on CBOT futures and on world corn prices in the summer but probably not much as sellers tend to be more cautious during the main US growing season in case of weather upsets. Among the other major corn suppliers, Ukraine is expected to produce at least as much maize as it did last year, enabling it to maintain competitive pricing versus the American suppliers – though its planting campaign is going more slowly than last year’s amid sometimes challenging weather. Russia will probably also try to consolidate the growth it achieved in exports over the past couple of years. South Africa’s crop has meanwhile bounced back from the previous year’s drought, enabling it to return to net exporter status after two years of unusual imports. China is trying to cut back on its excessive corn production but the projected 216m tonnes for 2017 will not leave it short as it still has massive strategic reserves from which to draw. These will probably keep its imports to a minimum and might even result in some exports. In the EU itself, farmers are hoping to get a better result than last year, when unfavourable weather held production down at lower than usual levels for a second year running. However, at this stage, output is not expected to increase enough to reduce the deficit against probably growing consumption needs, so imports will probably reach or exceed this season’s levels. Overall, world maize production is currently forecast by the IGC to drop by almost 33m tonnes. That means that instead of running well ahead of consumption, as it did last year, it will require stock drawdown of about 20m tonnes – although the


residual volume of well over 200m tonnes will hardly be tight by comparison with past years. The global consumption forecast for maize currently assumes some growth, mainly in the feed sector as ethanol use flattens out. Provided the US crop runs true to forecast and the European and Black Sea harvests avoid weather issues, this scenario supports a fairly stable outlook for corn costs in the year ahead.

World corn production (Main producers, million tonnes- source Apr IGC with USDA comparisons for latter seasons) 2015/6

2016/7

2017/8

(USDA)

2018/9

USA

345.5

384.8

360

(357.3)

na

(USDA) na

China

224.6

219.6

215.8

(215)

na

na

Brazil

84.7

67.0

91.5

(96)

87.1

(95)

Argentina

33.8

39.8

42.5

(40)

39.8

(40)

Ukraine

23.3

28

28.5

(28)

na

na

World

973.9

1,058.8

1,026

(1,033.7)

na

na

World wheat output (Main producers, million tonnes) IGC late Apr

USDA May

2016/7

2017/8

2016/7

2017/8

China

128.9

128.3

128.9

131

India

86

95.5

87

97

Russia

72.5

67

72.5

67

USA

62.9

50.2

62.9

49.5

EU

144.7

150.3

145.5

151

Canada

31.7

28.1

31.7

28.4 25

Australia

35.1

25.6

35

Argentina

17.6

16.5

16

17

World

753.4

736.3

753

737.8

Consumption

740

738

740

735

Carryover stock

240

239

255

258

98 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

No shortage of oilmeals in the year ahead Oilmeal consumers look set for another year of bumper supplies that should hold prices down at very affordable levels. In its first full take on the 2017/18 global supply/demand balance, the USDA has confirmed the US will plant a record area to soyabeans – by far the world’s leading oilmeal source. The forecast 89.5m acres are up by six million or 7.3 percent. Even with an expected dip in yields from last year’s unusually high levels, that plays out to a 115.8m tonnes crop – not far off 2016’s all-time high of 117.2m – which more than doubled US soyabean surplus stocks. Adding those to the next crop creates a significantly bigger US supply (about 5m tonnes more) than this season’s record 122m tonnes. That, of course, assumes the US gets all these extra acres planted and has a trouble-free summer growing season. As we go to press, sowing of the crop, like that of maize, has experienced some minor delays from wet weather. But if it goes in more or less on time, there will be plenty of subsoil moisture – so a yield equal to last year’s can’t be ruled out. ‘Down South’ in Latin American, more huge soya crops are on their way. Leading regional producer Brazil has expanded its 2017 harvest from 96.5m to 111.6m, possibly as much as 113m tonnes while Argentina expects about 57m, just over last year’s total and Paraguay, at 10.3m, an extra 1m tonnes. The full force of these supplies has yet to hit the market as Argentina is only just finishing its harvest while Brazilian suppliers have been a slower sellers than usual as their firmer currency has reduced returns from the US dollars in which their soyabean and meal exports are traded internationally. It is likely this backlog will still be flowing strongly into export markets up to and beyond the next US harvest in September, increasing competition for markets that could pull prices of beans and meal lower. The USDA’s early view of Latin American soya supply for next season is only marginally less bearish, viewing a pullback in yields as likely, especially for Brazil. Even then, crops will remain large and like those in the US, will be supplemented by larger ‘carryover’ stocks. In terms of meal supply, the current global soyabean crush forecast suggests a jump of about five percent for the 2016/17 season that ends on August 3, 2017,followed by further 3.7 percent growth in 2017/18. Production could be higher if the world demands more meal as this assumes a big chunk of the 2016/17 soya crop will be stored rather than crushed for meal and oil. At this point, world meal demand is thought to be growing at about four percent per annum. Most of that growth is in demand for soya meal, which makes up about 70 percent of total meal consumption. However, other oilseeds could be in better supply too. Sunflower seed production is expected to increase on slightly larger sown areas and yields in Europe and the former Soviet countries. Rapeseed crops are seen higher in Canada, Ukraine (an important supplier to Europe) and in (despite earlier guarded forecasts) even in the EU itself by perhaps 500,000 to 1m tonnes. Better crops of cottonseed, palm kernels and groundnuts should also contribute to another year of good growth in world total oilmeal supplies.


New event

13 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 14

JUNE

2017 . KOELNMESSE, COLOGNE, GERMANY

FVG Select 2017 is a new event which will be organized by Victam International BV. The event will focus on a series of high quality industry conferences and matchmaking with colleagues and clients in the animal feed processing, grain processing, ingredients & additives, aquafeed, petfood and biomass pelleting industries. The event will be complemented by an industry expo for a select group of companies. THE CONFERENCES AND DELEGATE PROFILES Tuesday 13th June

Wednesday 14th June

1. PETFOOD FORUM EUROPE Production technology and specialist ingredients for dry petfoods. Organizer: WATT Global Media Delegate profile: CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers, head and senior nutritionists, formulators from dry petfood production plants.

1. FIAAP ANIMAL NUTRITION The use of specialist additives and ingredients used within the production of animal feeds. Organizer: WATT Global Media Delegate profile: Head and senior nutritionists, feed formulators, CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers from commercial feed production plants, integrators, specialist feed producers, etc.

2. THE GLOBAL MILLING CONFERENCE WITH GRAPAS Processing technology and additives used within flour milling and grain processing. Organizer: Perendale Publishing Delegate profile: CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers, nutritionists from flour mill, rice mills and grain processing plants. 3. VICTAM FEED PROCESSING CONFERENCE Production technology and equipment used within the animal feed production processes. Organizer: Wageningen University and IFF Delegate profile: CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers, head and senior nutritionists, feed formulators from commercial feed production plants, integrators, etc.  A cocktail party on the evening of Tuesday 13th June will be organised for exhibitors and delegates.

2. AQUAFEED HORIZONS Production technology and specialist ingredients for aquaculture feeds. Organizer: Aquafeed.com Delegate profile: CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers, head and senior nutritionists, feed formulators, integrators, specialist aquaculture feed producers, etc. 3. BIOMASS PELLETING Production technology for the pelleting of bio-degradable materials for biomass pellets. Organizer: AEBIOM (The European Biomass Association) Delegate profile: CEOs, directors, mill and plant managers from biomass pelleting plants.

A fee of â&#x201A;Ź95 per person (valid for two days) will be charged to each individual attending the event, both exhibitors and visitors, and includes lunch, two coffee and tea breaks a day, the cocktail party and access to our matchmaking service. A separate fee will be charged for each conference. More details can be found on our website.

THE INDUSTRY EXPO

EVENT ORGANIZERS

There will be 9m2 and 18m2 standard shell scheme booths available during the two day event. The expo will take place in the adjoining hall to the conference rooms and will also be the venue for all the refreshments.

Victam International BV P.O. Box 197, 3860 AD Nijkerk, The Netherlands T: +31 33 246 4404 F: +31 33 246 4706 E: expo@victam.com

www.fvg-select.com


Industry events JUNE

nn 13 - 14/06/17 - VICTAM - FVG SELECT 2017 Germany WEB: victam.com nn 13 - 14/06/17 - GRAPAS CONFERENCE AND 1-1 NETWORKING Germany WEB: victam.com nn 14/06/17 - 10TH AQUAFEED HORIZONS TECHNICAL CONFERENCE Germany WEB: aquafeed.com n 14 - 15/06/17 - CEREALS EVENT United Kingdom WEB: cerealsevent.co.uk nn 25 - 28/06/17 - INSTITUTE OF FOOD TECHNOLOGISTS ANNUAL MEETING AND FOOD EXPO USA WEB: iftevent.org iftfoodscience ift n 26 - 30/06/17 - WORLD AQUACULTURE 2017 South Africa WEB: was.org WorldAquacultureSociety wrldaquaculture

JULY

n 06 - 08/07/2017 - VIV TURKEY Turkey WEB: vivturkey.com pages/VIV-Turkey/134525046664462 vivturkey n 25 – 27/07/17 - ASIA PACIFIC AQUACULTURE 2017 Malaysia WEB: was.org WorldAquacultureSociety wrldaquaculture

AUGUST

n 02 - 04/08/17 - AQUA FISHERIES CAMBODIA 2017 Cambodia WEB: veas.com.vn n 15 - 18/08/17 - AQUA NOR 2017 Norway WEB: aqua-nor.no AquaNorExhibition n 24-26/08/17 - ORGANIC EXPO-BIOFACH JAPAN Japan WEB: organic-expo.jp

100 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

SPACE 2017 In its 30th year, SPACE 2017 will be held from Tuesday to Friday, 12-15 September 2017, at the Rennes Exhibition Centre. The ‘Planet Livestock’ will show off what is happening in the livestock sectors. The expo will provide the opportunity for discussion, debate and reflection on the challenges ahead for the livestock sector, as well as a unique showcase for innovations. This year, the special issue of TERRA, September 1, 2017 and the visitor guide will be combined, featuring numerous personal accounts from farmers. During SPACE 2016 over 100,000 visitors from 120 countries visited the show. This included delegations from West Africa, Iran, Canada and the Philippines. This year however, new promotions and partnerships were developed with Columbia, Nigeria, South Africa, Pakistan and Thailand. The organisers of the event wish to preserve and develop this proximity with farmers who come to the show, especially as 61 percent of the French visitors were farmers. Innoy’Space will address the demand of visitors looking to discover new products and services. The panel of experts, independent of the SPACE organisers will meet in July to award the Innoy’Space label to the companies who meet the criteria after applications submitted at the end of May 2017. SPACE was created in 1987, with this year being somewhat of a commemorative event they have arranged to dedicated their fruitful history into a book, “30 ans de SPACE”. This will be available in September and will feature texts and illustrations documenting the past three decades.

CIFCO 2017 CICFO 2017 will be held at the Beijing International Exhibition Center from September 11-13, 2017. The tickets will be priced at €100 per person, this will include lunch, the network, coffee and simultaneous translation headsets. The exhibition area will exceed 30,000 square meters, of which 27,000 square meters will be displayed in the exhibition area. This enormous area will be populated by more than 450 exhibitors, of which the almost one third are of international background and more than 28,000 attendees are expected. China International Food and Feed Processing Industry Exhibition (CICFO) takes an international perspective of food and feed processing, aiming to provide comprehensive solutions. Since its establishment in 2013, the scale of the show, and the scope of its display, has grown rapidly alongside a myriad of professional visitors. This year it will present a wide range of food and feed manufacturing equipment and facilitate technical exchanges and trade development. Build myFeedmill 2017 will be presented alongside its sister event named Build myFlourmill, in conjunction with CICFO. Together, they will feature food products, food ingredients and additives, noodles and bread production systems, machinery including granulation machinery, feed additives, weighing, ingredients, mixing, sorting, packaging, testing, storage, transportation, drying, unloading, dust and explosion-proof, industrial robots and other related equipment and automation equipment.


PLANÈTE ÉLEVAGE RENNES PLANET LIVESTOCK FRANCE PLANÈTE ÉLEVAGE RENNES RENNES PLANET 12-15 PLANÈTE LIVESTOCK ÉLEVAGE September FRANCE RENNES PLANET LIVESTOCK FRANCE PLANET LIVESTOCK FRANCE RENNES FRANCE RENNES FRANCE

More than 1.400 exhibitors (1/3rd international)

More than 100.000 trade visitors,

An exhibit area of 156.000 sqm.

380 journalists, including 98 international.

700 animals on show.

Free farm visits program.

in 11 halls and 250 booths outdoors.

including 12.000 international.

SPACE 2016 figures

INTERNATIONAL VISITORS,

e.fr

pre-register on: www.spac

SPACE: THAT THE EXPO PLETE COM OFFERS A RODUCTS P F RANGE O ES FOR ALL IC AND SERV : POULTRY, S R O T SEC ), AIRY, BEEF (D E L CATT D EEP AN SWINE, SH S. RABBIT @SPACERennes @SPACERennes #SPACE2017 #SPACE2017

SALON INTERNATIONALDES DESPRODUCTIONS PRODUCTIONS ANIMALES LE LE SALON INTERNATIONAL ANIMALES INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITIONFOR FOR ANIMAL ANIMAL PRODUCTIONS THETHE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION PRODUCTIONS @SPACERennes @SPACERennes #SPACE2017 #SPACE2017

@SPACERennes international@space.fr / Tel. +33 223 48 28 80

#SPACE2017 LE SALON INTERNATIONAL DES PRODUCTIONS ANIMALES E SALON INTERNATIONAL DES PRODUCTIONS ANIMALES THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTIONS LE SALON INTERNATIONAL DES FOR PRODUCTIONS ANIMALES THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION ANIMAL PRODUCTIONS HE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTIONS THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION FOR ANIMAL PRODUCTIONS

phideel.fr - rennes

PLANÈTE ÉLEVAGE PLANET PLANÈTELIVESTOCK ÉLEVAGE PLANET LIVESTOCK


F

New features presented at ‘Interpack 2018’ The international press conference discussed the new corporate structure, the layout based on target markets, the international promotion activities and The Innovation Alliance. The first international presentation of IPACK-IMA 2018, the leading exhibition of food and non-food processing and packaging technologies scheduled for Fiera Milano from May 29 to June 1, 2018, was held on Saturday May 6, 2017 during Interpack. In the presence of journalists and representatives of business associations and companies from Austria, Brazil, China, France, Greece, Germany, Italy, Nigeria, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, UK and USA, Riccardo Cavanna and Domenico Lunghi, respectively Chairman and Managing Director of the show’s management company, presented the key innovations of IPACKIMA 2018. “The 2018 edition will mark a major turning point for the show,” said Cavanna at the beginning of the press conference. “Following the acquisition of the show management company by UCIMA (Italian Automatic Packaging Machinery Manufacturers’ Association) and Fiera Milano, the event’s strategies have been redefined with the aim of further expanding its international scope and making the Italian show a key appointment for industry professionals keen to discover the latest technological innovations, the highest performing materials and cutting-edge logistics solutions.” Through the support of the leading Italian packaging machinery manufacturers affiliated to Ucima and the show’s longstanding exhibitors, a new exhibition space layout has been organised according to target markets. Each hall will host exhibiting companies organised into key industries centred around eight business communities: Food, Fresh&Convenience; Confectionary; Beverage; Pasta, Bakery & 104 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Milling; Industrial & Durable Goods; Health & Personal Care; Chemicals Industrial & Home, Fashion & Luxury. A number of major crosscutting themes relevant to all the business communities have been identified and will characterise both the exhibited products and the educational and conference topics at IPACK-IMA 2018. These are anti-counterfeiting, e-commerce, sustainability and Industry 4.0. Innovative materials will also take centre stage in a new exhibition section entitled IPACK-MAT. Organised in collaboration with Material ConneXion Italia, it will be entirely devoted to innovative materials solutions including raw materials, semi-finished products and components for high value-added products and packaging and innovative containers. It will serve as a melting pot of ideas and creative inspirations for strategic corporate areas from R&D to Marketing. Another major feature of IPACK-IMA 2018 is its participation in ‘The Innovation Alliance’. “This is a major new project that brings together five important shows: Plast, Print4All, Meat-Tech and Intranostalgica Italia, as well as IPACK-IMA itself,” explained Domenico Lunghi. “In an exhibition floor of 140,000 sqm the show will host a range of production sectors united by a strong supply chain vision: from processing to packaging, from plastics processing and industrial and commercial printing to customised graphic design of packaging and labels, through to handling and storage of consumer-ready goods.” “Along with our own promotional campaign, the show will also benefit from that of The Innovation Alliance,” continued Lunghi. “This consists of a network of agents in 40 countries and communication activities across more than 70 countries to ensure an increase in numbers of domestic and international visitors.” More than 150,000 visitors are expected at Fiera Milano during the five days in which the five shows will be held. Companies in the industry have been responding enthusiastically to these new characteristics. A year before the show is due to open, 60 percent of the available exhibition space has already been booked by leading Italian and international shows, which have chosen IPACK-IMA as the ideal venue to present their latest innovations to the market. The promotional activities carried out at Interpack confirm the strategic importance of the project. Large numbers of visitors are pre-registering so as not to risk missing the 2018 show and new exhibitors are booking space to be amongst the key players in this important exhibition project. See our images from this years Interpack exhibition at http://bit.ly/interpackpictures


Indo Livestock 2017 Expo and Forum - 12th edition by Peter Parker, Milling and Grain

F

rom Wednesday – Friday, May 17-19 2017, Indonesia’s leading livestock, feed, dairy and fisheries event was held at the Grand City Convex in Surabaya, Indonesia. Surabaya is the second largest city in Indonesia, located in East Java, it is one of the main business hubs of the country. In discussions with event organisers I learnt that the reason why the event was bought to Surabaya and in recent years has alternated with being held in the larger and more internationally accessible Jakarta, is because of the large multitude of requests they received to support the thriving livestock industry of the region. The latter was supported in conversations I had with foriegn exhibitors, many of which attending to for the opportunity to meet with their agents and prior existing local customers. Arya Seta Wiriadipura, the Managing Director of PT Napindo Media Ashatama (event organisers) had the following to say, “We can be proud of the continuous efforts we all undertake to improve our expo and forum to view and be updated on some of the latest technologies and products from over 300 exhibitors from 30 countries for livestock breeders and farmers, manufacturers, veterinarians, feed millers, food processors, research institutes, packagers, and industry experts from across the region. The show hosts several seminars and more than 46 technical product presentations over the span of the three day exhibition”. The 12th edition of Indo Livestock, offered exhibitors and attendees an opportunity to come together and discuss the challenges of the livestockrelated industries listed above, creating solutions and networking with colleagues. According to the Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Ir. H. Andi Amran Sulaiman, “The livestock industry has shown tremendous improvements with interventions from the Indonesian government, especially in the livestock services. The momentum of this show will also be used to promote the campaign to increase consumption of animal proteins called SDTI, ‘Sus Daging Telar dan Ikan’ (milk, meat, egg and fish). The goal of this campaign is to encourage the awareness of all Indonesia’s people about just how important animal proteins are for improving health with good nutrition”. Damien Chapelier, the Managing Director of Buhler Indonesia, made the following comment regarding the state of the Indonesian feed industry, “As the economy of Indonesia improves, so too do the needs of the people. Here in Indonesia people are eating more meat, more fish, and they need to grow. For Buhler Indonesia is not currently our biggest market for feed in South East Asia, but I believe it is going to be. It is this way because of the population.” 106 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Peter Parker (left) and Tuti Tan (right) of Perendale Publishers with event organiser, Napindo’s Managing DIrector, Arya Seta Wiriadipura (centre)

Buhler stand – Eileen Shi, Prashanth Balanchandra, Jimmy De May, Nurfin Trisno, Hengky Kurniawan, Darius Buhisantosa, and a stand visitor

Weiker stand – Ying Shi, Ann Lu, Lai Zhao Lu, and Alice

Performers of the Kuda Kepang, a traditional Javanese dance depicting a group of horsemen


Industry events Participation and networking opportunities

The opening day featured a cocktail evening for exhibitors, live music, and Indonesian influenced hors d’oeuvres. This set the scene for days to come and offered an opportunity for industry members to touch base in a supportive environment. While the show attracted participants from over 30 countries, the vast majority of which were from Indonesia, followed by a significant number from China. We had an opportunity to speak with exhibitor Paul Dennis from 4B Australia, 4B had previously attended Indo-Livestock in Bali four years ago, he suggested that the show had made a big step up since their last attendance and that he was pleased with the traffic he had had through his stand. However, he believed that a major factor in their success this time around was sharing his stand with local agents of 4B, who were able to communicate on a technical level with the Indonesian-speaking majority of visitors. A highlight of the show was a three-hour group discussion forum presented by the Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, the Ministry of Agriculture, and the Republic of Indonesia.

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Industry events Awards and ceremony

Chairman of Jury Dr Desianto B. Utomo, on behalf of Indo Livestock presented a special tribute to various cities in Indonesia who had made innovative contributions and continue to support the progress of the livestock sector. He hoped that the Indo Livestock Services Award could act as a stimulus for the region to see further growth in the livestock sector. In the western region, the award was given to two cities, Tulungagung and Lamongan. Sumbawa received the central region award, and the eastern region award was given to Bone and Polewali Mandor. Throughout the three days there were multiple examples of the rich spiritual beliefs of the Indonesian people on display. From a group prayer to conclude the opening ceremony on day one to a traditional dance called the Kuda Kepang, which was explained to me as a ceremony for cleansing away the bad spirits; it involved a party in costume parading each of the aisles of the exhibition hall just prior to closure.

Silos Cordoba stand – Dian Firdaus and Jesus Alvarez Mendo

Antibiotic use restrictions

A key issue at the show was that of antibiotic use, with new legislative restrictions looming, whether at an exhibitors stand or in a conference room, the risks of and solutions for antibiotic use were being discussed. According to CIVIS Executive Director, Riana Arief, the use of antibiotics in poultry needs more attention. “By reducing antibiotics it can actually reduce resistance”, says Mr Arief, he continued to state that the issue is exacerbated by the existence of breeders who are not very familiar with the use of antibiotics, “Many breeders are mixing their own antibiotics, but the results are not necessarily synergistic.” Mr Arief suggested that farmers need more information on including antibiotics in feed and premix, the types of antibiotics, as well as the purpose of antibiotics in the farm. Concluding that, “Better yet, farmers should learn how to prevent disease infections by improving the conditions of caging, biosecurity, and vaccination use.” K-Pro is a company headquartered in Germany, trading feed ingredients globally. In a discussion with exhibitor, Anika Jelita, Office Manager of K-Pro Indonesia she shared an insight into feed market in Indonesia and touched on the state of antibiotics; “We have had an increase in chicken bi-product trading, this is due to fishmeal’s ever increasing price and the difficulty of sourcing high-quality fishmeal”, She continued to say that they have observed the most growth in the Indonesian petfood industry, believed to be a result of the nation’s economic growth on the whole leading to more families taking on pets. “This was the first year K-Pro had been actively importing in Indonesia, and occasionally customers would ask for a certification that the products they were purchasing were antibiotic-free”, said Ms Jelita.

Olmix stand – Yuana Sauptra, Dr Tran Si Trung, Khoirul Anwar, a customer, Lilik Widomintoko, and Purwatmo Setiono

4B stand – Paul Dennis

Looking forward

The hosts, Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Indonesia; working with event organisers, PT Napindo Media Ashatama, Indo Livestock was an excellent platform to gain insight into the Indonesian market. This was an opportunity that could not have been attained if not for the supporting sponsors, organisations, hotels, publications, exhibitors, and attendees. Following on from what many expressed to have been a successful show, we look forward to Indo Livestock 2018 Expo and Forum, currently due to be held in Jakarta from July 4-6, 2018 at the Jakarta Convention Centre. The Capitol location we have been told typically attracting more of an International audience and its own characteristics. For an in-depth interview with one of the main faces behind the exhibition head to our interview page at the back for our exclusive with Arya Seta Wiriadipoera.

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Suncue stand – Agus Susilo, Hendri A.P, Erick Huang, and Rony Zhang


Industry events

Exhibitors at

Ir Soediro - Yeong Ming Indonesia “Yeong Ming Indonesia have been attending Indo Livestock events for quite some time. Business for building new feed mills in Indonesia peaked in 2012-14, especially for poultry, as the supply versus demand of chicken increases, more and more companies are looking to upgrade rather than build new. A stable political environment is crucial for the success of the Indonesian market.”

Holgar and Praneesh - Leiber “Exhibition has gone well, there have not been many visitors to the stand but those we have had have been high quality. The majority of visitors to our stand have been curious feed millers and farmers who are local, many of which unaware of the benefits of brewer’s yeast. Massive growth in the pet food industry has meant benefits to the pre-mix industry. From July this year Leiber has plans to run a widespread trial in Indonesia to receive feedback on our products from end users.”

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Dr Kabir Chowdhury - Jefo “The Indonesian market is very important for us, we have good products to serve the market here, enzymes are fine yes, but the market is moving AGP-free next year. We have the products to replace antibiotic growth promoters, we need to expose ourselves more in this market and so this is the first show that we have ever attended in Indonesia. Here in Indonesia it is primarily going to be poultry but also swine that will be affected by these changes.”


Industry events

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My Altuntas - Obial “We have some storage projects here in Indonesia, we also have a partner here in this region. It is this dealer that has all of the direct contact with customers here. I see Indonesia as a growth market; we are here at this show but also at another exhibition in Manila (capitol of Philippines). Obial has a presence throughout Asia, we have a market in Vietnam, Indonesia, India, Bangladesh, and many other countries. We have been to Indo Livestock previously, for us this show has not been as good as the one in Jakarta. Here the hall has been smaller, there have been less visitors to our stand, and the majority of these have been workers rather than investors.”

Mudh Hanif and Lip Muhlisin - CPM “We provide many types of machinery for pellet mills, hammer mills, roller mills, crushers, as well as packing equipment, here in Indonesia we are trying to promote our packing equipment. We have many great customers here in Indonesia, CP Feeds is one of our loyal customers here that use a lot of CPM equipment. Customers know that they can trust CPM for quality; I would say we are most known for our palleting. Our palleting equipment sells well throughout SEA.”

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Muhammed Uzun and Fatih Er - Imas “Our emphasis at this show is promoting the Viteral products and all of the machinery which is used in a feed mill. Pallet pressers, hammer mills, mixers, micro and macro dosers, but in fact we are mostly promoting turn-key projects, entire feed milling plants. Our target customers at this show are existing millers who are looking to expand their current operations, as well as potential millers, who are currently high-production livestock farmers who might be thinking of producing their own feed rather than buying in so much of it. In our experience, finding existing millers is easy, the difficulty comes when searching for potential millers, this is why we attend shows like this and advertise in magazines like yours.” ET-280A.indd 1

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Industry events

Olivier Rousseaux - Stolz “Stolz has built a large feed milling facility in Surabaya, with both an aqua and an agri line included. The aquaculture industry is growing in Indonesia, the most growth is occurring in Vietnam. For Stolz, the best growth is in SEA, it is better than in China or India.”

Franz Peter Rebafka and Ashish Kulkrestha - Ge-Pro “Our main target group is the aquaculture industry, we have products specifically designed for shrimp and fish. Currently there is European legislation which does not allow that our products are fed to poultry, there are now changes in regulation which allow poultry proteins to be given to pork, and pork protein we can give to poultry, this should come into fruition in the next one or two years. In Indonesia and the rest of Asia this is completely different but we still have to follow in the first place, European regulation. Therefore we cannot promote poultry being fed to poultry. This situation exists in almost every country, therefore we focus our trials and studies are focused on seafood and pet food as well. Even though these animal proteins have the best value in terms of amino acid composition and availability when compared to plant protein, there is still more customer demand for plant based proteins, this is more of an emotional argument than a scientifically based motive. At the moment we are working as part of a European team building up a scientific background for using proteins in both poultry and pork feed, because the current recommendations are from, let’s say, the past 20 years. Europe is now building up more data for recommendations when it comes to the purpose of feed.”

112 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Doyle Nauman - Darling Ingredient “Poultrymeal is beginning to increase in popularity as an ingredient in aquaculture feed, because fishmeal becoming increasingly expensive. Another feed ingredient that Darling Ingredients has been involved in is black soldier fly larvae, it is a great product as it is naturally occurring in the animal’s diets and it be grown in highceiling facilities, utilising less valuable land as a result.”


Industry events

Jos van der Burg - Van Aarsen “We want our customers to be aware that we are constantly being innovative, trying to come up with something new, always striving to make feed milling more efficient, keeping the operational costs low – because this is more and more an issue. Especially in Asia, over the past years customers are becoming more aware of the need for such things as safety or explosion prevention, it is very important. The same goes for the hygiene, the farmers are becoming more aware that they receive hygienic feeds, and so that is where we come in, to inform the millers so that they can produce high quality hygienic feeds, showing them what the possibilities are.”

Emiel Schoutsan - V.A.V “15-20 years ago the business in Indonesia was good for V.A.V, it still is, but the climate has changed, the industry has grown but so has the competition. V.A.V continue to provide quality European style chain conveyors.”

Adams Lu - Zheng Chang “Indonesia is an important market for the world, it has a big population. It is also an important market for China as Indonesia is on the silk route; just last week there was a major gathering of country’s officials to hold a seminar for business and the construction in all of the countries on the way of the silk route.”

See out interview with Arya Seta Wiriadipoera, Managing Director, PT Napindo Media Ashatama - organisers of Indo Livestock on page 122

See more images from this years Indo Livestock at http://bit.ly /indo17pictures

Milling and Grain - June 2017 | 113


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id you april miss out on the $100,000,000 of business being done? If so, ask yourself, “Why were you not there?” One of the world's leading milling www.idma.com.tr exhibitions, with 12 years of success under its belt and a database of over 70,000 millers, IDMA has proved once again that against all the odds it can be even more successful. It was no secret that IDMA had its doubters, however any exhibition is only ever as good as how it performs in the very worst conditions and 2017 spelled a perfect storm for IDMA. Stacked up against IDMA is 2017 was, to name but a few: The international perception of the political situation in Turkey. The event taking place at the same time as Interpack in Germany, attracting similar visitors. The perceived fear of terrorism in Turkey. A few, large significant exhibitors not attending due to their own events such as the Buhler Networking Days, attracting

Görkem Alapala, Alapala Machine: “The IDMA exhibition was very positive for us.”

“The seventh edition of the IDMA exhibition was very positive for us. Besides Alapala Machinery, our group companies including Depart which offers spare parts and authorised services, CPM which is our business partner in feed machines and our Japanese partner Satake were also present at our booth. We hosted many guests during four days. During the exhibition, we received requests for sales from approximately 35 countries.”

Said Uçak, Talia Makina: “The exhibition was very fruitful”

“The exhibition was very fruitful; there was not a void crowd at the exhibition, visitors were here to purchase machinery. We made four contracts up until the last day, including one with Algeria and another one with Bangladesh. Last night, we signed a contract for a couscous line with Algeria. We found it interesting to see visitors from Kazakhstan and Russia, as well as from African countries.”

Ayça Çanga, Yemmak: “The exhibition is better than we expected”

“Particularly the first two days of the exhibition were better than we expected. There were diverse visitors. Iran Feed Association was here, which had a great impact on us. Iran was the outstanding country at the exhibition. Besides, there were participants from Palestine, Russia, Ukraine, and African countries like Senegal.”

116 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

many of the same visitors. These are just four of a number of reasons why the pressure was on IDMA. You can only really gauge the true strength of an organisation when it is put under immense pressure. We are happy to report that against all these odds, IDMA was a fantastic success with $100,000,000 worth of business being conducted and agreed, and this is just the numbers we at Milling and Grain are personally aware of from meeting with our customers and partners at the show. What a fantastic event IDMA 2017 was, with three halls, including a 'Feed hall' and more than 200 exhibitors there were more than 7,000 visitors from more than 100 countries, including more than 24 countries in Africa. A full review and report will follow in the Milling and Grain July edition, for now please enjoy the comments below from a number of exhibitors. Well done IDMA team!

Zuo Kun, Pingle Group: “It is better than last time”

“This is the second time we joined this exhibition. I think it is better than the last time. This year we took nearly a hundred catalogues with us and they are already finished. We had visitors from Ukraine, Kazakhstan, India, Iran, Turkey and Pakistan. We haven’t made sales yet but we are hopeful.”

Hüseyin Kayabaş, GPS Ascom: “We are looking forward to being here again”

“The exhibition is much better than we expected. We didn’t expect the exhibition to be so great. It was great work, congratulations! We had many customers from abroad, making significant contacts. We had visitors from Argentina, Tunis, Nigeria, Algeria and Morocco. I can say that we made three turnkey agreements for bulghur and lentil. We thank you on behalf of GPS Ascom. We are looking forward to being here again in IDMA 2019 Exhibition.”

Eduardo Pinto, Sangati Berga: “We made significant contacts”

“IDMA 2017 Exhibition has been very good. Now we have a lot of contacts in this part of the world, which is a little bit far for us. It is very interesting. I think next time the exhibition will be much better. We had Turkish visitors here and also visitors from Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Croatia. We are interested in making more contacts with the other regions like Egypt, India. So it was good for us. We made some significant contacts because the business here starts with the contacts, not with the finished contracts regarding that every project is a singular and customised project.”


Tim Twesten, Amandus Kahl Manfred Chittka, F. H. Schule Mühlenbau “Istanbul is the meeting point”

“We are representing two companies here: Kahl and Schule. We had many international visitors from all over the world. Istanbul seems like the meeting point for the people from all over the world. When you go to the smaller countries in Europe, there are just local people. But here we have many people from all over the world. That’s a good thing. We were very surprised about the different nationalities here. Not only from Turkey, also people from Europe and Africa. We had lots of visitors from Russian speaking countries; countries from Europe, Africa and all over the world. The exhibition is international. Thinking about the whole exhibition, we really liked the hospitality we received here in Turkey and we’d like to come back very soon.”

Danilo Carloni, Omas: “See you at the IDMA 2019 Exhibition”

“I cannot compare this exhibition with the previous one because this is our first time here. But I can say that my colleagues suggested me to come because the quantity and quality of the visitors here were so remarkable. If your question’s “will you come again next time?” my answer would be “yes, I want to come”. We had local visitors, also from Balkan countries, Russia, Ukraine, Baltic countries Czech Republic, Croatia, Italy, Spain, Middle East, Iran, Iraq, India, North Africa and Algeria. We even had visitors from Chile. So regarding the nationalities of visitors, the exhibition was very good. I can confirm that 20-30 percent of the contacts we had is really making business for our equipment. Now we are analysing our contacts for commercial proposes. See you at IDMA 2019 Exhibition…”

2017

See our images from this years IDMA at http://bit.ly/idma17pictures

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COLOGNE MESSE, GERMANY Abdullah Çolak, Yemtar: “IDMA 2017 was great for us”

“The first two days of the exhibition were great. There was a good participation from abroad. I would like to thank Parantez Fair Organization. I did not expect the exhibition to be so good. Maybe because of my previous bias, I had some doubts, but you cleared them. Congratulations. The visitor profile was high quality. There were a lot of visitors from Iran, Iraq, Senegal, Arabia and Russia. The quality of visitors was the most important thing for us. IDMA achieved this. I think this was one of the top three exhibitions I have exhibited in the last 3-4 years. We made 4-5 sales during the exhibition.”

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Neuero Industrietechnik

Genc Degirmen

+34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Pellet Press Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN) +3 73 54 984 72 www.ptn.nl Viteral +90 332 239 01 41 http://viteral.com.tr

Pest control Detia Degesch GmbH

+31 79 593 22 21

+90 444 0894

www.ottevanger.com

www.gencdegirmen.com.tr

Viteral

IMAS - Milleral

Rentokil Pest Control

+90 332 2390 141

+90 332 2390141

+44 0800 917 1987

www.viteral.com.tr

www.milleral.com

www.rentokil.co.uk

+49 6201 708 401 www.detia-degesch.de

119 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


Plant Zheng Chang +86 2164184200

+32 51723128

www.breitenbach.de

www.sce.be Silos Cordoba

+90 444 0894

Process control +44 115 9813700

Silo Construction Engineers

+49 271 3758 0 Genc Degirmen

www.zhengchang.com/eng

DSL Systems Ltd

Leonhard Breitenbach

+34 957 325 165

www.gencdegirmen.com.tr

www.siloscordoba.com

Roller mills

Sukup

Alapala

www.dsl-systems.com

+45 75685311

+90 212 465 60 40

Inteqnion

www.dancorn.com

www.alapala.com

+31 543 49 44 66

IMAS - Milleral

Symaga

+90 332 2390141

+34 91 726 43 04

www.milleral.com

www.symaga.com

Ocrim

Top Silo Constructions (TSC)

+39 0372 4011

+31 543 473 979

Safe Milling

www.ocrim.com

www.tsc-silos.com

+44 844 583 2134

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN)

Westeel

www.inteqnion.com Nawrocki Pelleting Technology +48 52 303 40 20 www.granulatory.com/en

www.safemilling.co.uk

Publications

Unormak

+44 1242 267706

+90 332 2391016

www.aquafeed.co.uk

Temperature monitoring Agromatic

www.unormak.com.tr

International Milling Directory

+41 55 2562100

Ugur Makina

+44 1242 267703

www.agromatic.com

+90 (364) 235 00 26

www.internationalmilling.com +44 1242 267707

www.westeel.com

www.ptn.nl

International Aquafeed

Milling and Grain

+1 204 233 7133

+3 73 54 984 72

Dol Sensors

www.ugurmakina.com

+45 721 755 55

Roll fluting

www.dol-sensors.com Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A.

www.millingandgrain.com

Inteqnion

+34 965564075

Rolls

+31 543 49 44 66

www.balaguer-rolls.com Entil +90 222 237 57 46

Reclaim System Vibrafloor

www.entil.com.tr

+33 3 85 44 06 78 www.vibrafloor.com

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A. +34 965564075 www.balaguer-rolls.com

Safety equipment REMBE GmbH +49 2961 740 50 www.rembe.com

Filip GmbH +49 5241 29330 www.filip-gmbh.com

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BĂźhler AG +41 71 955 11 11 www.buhlergroup.com IAOM +1 913 338 3377 www.iaom.info

+495307 92220 www.iff-braunschweig.de Kansas State University +1 785 532 6161

Silos

www.grains.k-state.edu Bentall Rowlands +44 1724 282828 www.bentallrowlands.com

nabim +44 2074 932521 www.nabim.org.uk

Chief Industries UK Ltd

Ocrim

+44 1621 868944

+39 0372 4011

www.chief.co.uk

www.ocrim.com

CSI +90 322 428 3350 www.cukurovasilo.com J-System info@jsystemllc.com www.jsystemllc.com Lambton Conveyor +1 519 627 8228 www.lambtonconveyor.com

Weighing equipment Imeco +39 0372 496826 www.imeco.org TMI +34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Yeast products Leiber GmbH

MYSILO

+49 5461 93030

+90 382 266 2245

www.leibergmbh.de

www.mysilo.com Obial +90 382 2662120 www.obial.com.tr

120 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Training

IFF

Sifters

PRODUCTS & SERVICES

www.inteqnion.com


Milling MIllIng

th

Feed

Pulses & Rice RIce

Pasta & Biscuit BIscuIt

MEET US IN IDMA EXHIBITION

2019

april

www.idma.com.tr

Supplier SupplIer Industry


the interview

Arya Seta Wiriadipoera

Arya Seta Wiriadipoera, Managing Director, PT Napindo Media Ashatama, was born in Jakarta, Indonesia and is the second child of Mr Herman Wiridipura, the founder of PT Napindo Media Ashatama. Arya was born on October 17, 1984 and considering his young age has a very impressive career history. He graduated from Paramadina University, Jakarta in 2006. Three years later in 2009, he began his career working with PT Napindo Ashatama – a professional exhibition organiser company. Showing his diverse skillset he developed an automotive trade company in 2011 before returning to PT Napindo as the Vice President and soon after the Managing Director. As well as being fully in charge of his father’s company he and his company are the proud organisers of Indo Livestock, Indonesia’s number one livestock, feed, dairy and fisheries industry event.

How long have you been organising Indo Livestock?

sectors, we can increase the livestock industry in Indonesia and certainly it provides a good chance for developing quality service exhibitions and forums in this field.

Society showed a great interest in our exhibition, especially in the eastern part of Indonesia.

What is your view on the importance of animal protein to the country’s future success?

The first Indo Livestock was held in Bali in 2002. Subsequent to its great success, the exhibition was finally set to be held every two years until 2010.

Our company, PT Napindo Media Ashatama, decided to hold the sixth Indo Livestock 2011 Expo and Forum in Surabaya. This proved to be a very good and popular choice, as hereafter this, the exhibition and forum continues to be held every year – Surabaya every odd year and Jakarta every even year.

Where do your passions lie within this industry?

My background is within strategy economy, whereas this is my fathers company and of course it relates to Livestock, but it is primarly events. So my main passions are for the exhibitions. However, livestock is an integral part of the exhibition that we do. That is why it is important that I know all the information about the livestock and am also passionate about it, to organise the best shows.

Why did you enter the exhibition business originally? Indonesia is an agricultural country and most of her inhabitants work in agriculture.

The country is endowed with supportive natural conditions, vast expanses of land, abundant biodiversity and tropical climates where sunlight occurs throughout the year. Natural resources like this means that we are likely able to continue to raise Indonesia into a prosperous country, answering the food needs sufficiently of all citizens here. By introducing the latest developments through Indo Livestock Expo and Forum, livestock sectors in the region will become one of the real sectors that have a very real role in helping the country’s foreign exchange earnings. The Indo Livestock Expo and Forum is also expected to have a positive impact for stock farmers to apply the latest innovations and technologies in Indonesia.

How valuable is the animal feed industry to the country and to the exhibition?

It is predicted that the growth of the livestock feed industry in Indonesia ranges between 6-7percent. This can happen because of the increasing populations of breeding farms, which automatically require more animal feed. Thus, the animal feed industry is very important in order to support the needs of the breeding farms. With the development of both

122 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain

Animal protein is very important for all layers of society associated with the fulfilment of nutrient intake for health, especially for the young generation to be both smart and healthy. Therefore, animal protein must be increased over time in order to form a good quality nation.

How do you help the government or the people of Indonesia to become better agriculturally?

The show is the solution for the problem that we have in Indonesia. The problem is that the farmers, the doctors, the veterinarians, whoever do not have time or the location to talk to each other. So this show provides them with that opportunity, they can meet each other. Meet who is the specialist for the poultry sector or whoever, this is the meeting point. That is what the exhibition is supposed to be. We create this show to show the solution to everyone, they can visit the show they can visit the showroom and visit the showroom and see the new technology and network. Through this they will get the solution for the problem and hopefully be able to complete the application. That is what we do for Indonesia.

What are your plans to entince people to participate and how can more involvement make a difference to what you’re trying to achieve? We want people to participate in our show; there is a target more than just turning up. We want speakers from the ministry, the director general ones who are related to those who can make a difference with the problems we face in our industry. It will be a very interesting future for our conference, very interesting. We will create a bond with the minister and the animal health sector and we will invite them to this forum, they are already very interested. I think it’s important for the industry and the visitors that we have international speakers as well as local. The visitors need new technology from the industry, so we want to invite companies and people with their new technology and machines to show off in this exhibition. This is something we need to show to all the players of the field. All of this will combine to convince them to come, because there is the market here.


PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES Fernando Garcilopez joins AB Vista

F

ernando Garcilopez is the new Business Manager for Spain, Portugal and Italy at AB Vista.

He joins AB Vista with more than 15 years’ experience in the feed additives commercial and technical area, having worked with some of the key players in the animal nutrition industry.

Mr Garcilopez graduated from the Universidad Politécnica of Madrid, where he specialised in animal nutrition and production. He is also a qualified Agricultural Engineer.

Fernando Garcilopez

Mr Ari Kiviniemi, AB Vista’s Global Sales Director remarked, “The appointment of experts who understand our customers’ needs is particularly valuable in constantly changing environments and mature markets like Spain, Italy and Portugal.”

Jeroen De Gussem appointed as Nutriad Marketing Director

N

utriad, world leader in feed additive solutions for livestock and aquaculture, announced the appointment of Jeroen De Gussem as Marketing Director.

Operating out of the Dendermonde (Belgium) headquarters he will support Nutriad in its’ growth ambitions across geographies and species.

Jeroen De Gussem holds a master degree in Biotechnology and Laboratory Animal Science, this will be added to when he finishes his MBA this year.

Jeroen De Gussem

He has extensive experience in animal health and nutrition and most recently was a partner in a company that provided independent research for the veterinary pharmaceutical and nutritional industry.

Mr De Gussem commented, “I have always been intrigued by how science can be applied into workable solutions for producers. Joining Nutriad allows me to focus on just that. Many companies try to enter the feed additives market, but Nutriad truly stands out as their technical excellence has allowed them to introduce concepts that prove themselves in the most challenging circumstances.”

Patricia Hankila has been named the Controller at Brock Grain Systems

A

ccording to Doug Niemeyer, President and Chief Operating Officer of CTB, Inc. Hankila will be responsible for all financial aspects of Brock Grain Systems including financial reporting and operation analysis.  

Patricia Hankila

Miss Hankila, who has made her home in Middlebury, holds both a Bachelor of Business Arts and a Masters of Business Administration from Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan. She has also completed advanced course work at Northwestern University, Chicago. Prior to coming to Brock, Hankila has had extensive experience in financial management. She was previously the chief financial officer at a commercial building automation controls manufacturer and has also served as the director of accounting for a professional audio equipment manufacturer.

Marcos Teixidó has been appointed as Global Sales Director

M

arcos Teixido has been appointed as the Global Sales Director after 20 years of working with Pancosma, as Sales Manager and the regional Sales Director.

Committee.

In his new role, he will manage sales and distribution networks and coordinate them with upstream functions. The Global Sales Director is a member of Pancosma’s Executive

With a turnover that has almost doubled in recent years, Pancosma is continuously expanding its global presence and industrial footprint. Marcos Teixidó

Marcos’ challenge will be to maintain and develop this momentum by continuously bringing innovation to the company’s customers.

Tim Stinson joins Brock Grain Systems

T

im Stinson has joined Brock Grain Systems as a District Manager for the Eastern Region of the United States and Canada, according to Dave Dell, Global Marketing and Sales Director for the CTB Inc. business unit.

He has been the regional manager for a Midwestern agricultural building firm and will be working with dealers to grow their business with the line of storage, handling, conditioning and structural products that Brock Grain Systems offers their customers.

Tim Stinson

He has extensive experience in the agribusiness sector. Previously, he was an operations manager for a network of tractor and farm implement dealerships. Stinson was responsible for customer satisfaction as well as overseeing the parts, service and sales departments.

A native Hoosier, Mr Stinson graduated from Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana, with a bachelor’s degree in telecommunication sales management. Mr Stinson currently lives in Columbus Ohio and plans to relocate to the area in the near future. 124 | June 2017 - Milling and Grain


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Your grain is our passion.

Innovations for a better world.

JUN 2017 - Milling and Grain magazine  
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