Milling and Grain - current edition

Page 1

June 2022

Featuring news updates from

See more on page 96


In this issue:

Awards Season

- The GRAPAS Award - The AFTaN Award

- Examining the potential effect of the conflict in Ukraine on world food prices










- Rendering - The unsung hero of sustainability




A I N WA S V O T E D # 1 M

Milling and Grain . Volume 133 . Issue 6 . June 2022



- Wood vs plastic Sieves: ‘What sieve suits you better?

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June 2022 Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert International Marketing Team Darren Parris Fred Norwood Tel: +1 405 834 2043 Asia Marketing Team Dante Feng Tel: +886 227930286 Latin America Marketing Team Clarissa Garza de Yta Tel: +52 669 120 0140 Cristina María Roldán Otero Tel: +44 1242 267700 Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 8132 478092 Egyptian Marketing Team Mohamed Baromh Tel: +20 100 358 3839 Turkey, Eurasia and Middle East Marketing Team Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak Tel: +90 537 3646457

Award season See more on page 10

Editorial Manager Peter Parker Sub-editor Andrew Wilkinson Editorial Assistant Levana Hall Caitlin Gittins International Editors Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi



The battle of the breadbasket Examining the potential effect of the conflict in Ukraine on world food prices


Wood Vs plastic Sieves

Professor Wenbin Wu Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak Design Manager James Taylor 0 Circulation & Events Tuti Tan Development Manager Antoine Tanguy

10-33 82




114 People news from the global milling industry

Wet vs dry Understanding the difference between the two rice flour milling methods Rendering - The unsung hero of sustainability






Gaba enriched products - Providing Chinese manufacturers & consumers with a safe supply of the nonprotein amino acid


Event listings, reviews and previews


Preparing for harvest


34 Industry training news

COLUMNS ISSN No: 2058-5101 ©Copyright 2019 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

12 12 24 30

MAG TV The Global Miller Mildred Cookson The Rex Wailes collection

COVER IMAGE: Award season - see more on page 50

8 PUBLISHER Roger Gilbert

78 MARKETS International Grains Council

100 INTERVIEW Hubertus Paetow

Innovation Awards Last night was a momentous occasion for both the flour milling and the feed milling industries. We saw the awarding of key trophies that represent the best developments in both sectors of our industry - the GRAPAS Innovations Awards (representing the grain, pasta and rice sectors) and the AFTaN Awards (representing the Animal Feed technology and Nutrition sector) at the Victam Europe 2022 Exhibition. We carry the results in this edition, but will come back to a full report on this international event in our July 2022 edition. We are proud to be covering all sectors of the milling industry in our magazine and we are particularly pleased to see that - largely as an outcome of the global pandemic - that two of the leading expo organisers related to milling have joined forces by agreeing to co-locate their key international events in future; stating with holding Victam International 2022 and VIV Europe 2022 shows together for the first time. Opening the two shows, held in adjoining halls at the Utrecht expo centre called ‘The Jaarbeurs’ (which is in the centre of Holland), on May 31, to June 2, 2022 centred on the ‘tying of the knot’ by these two global event organises with ‘red’ representing Victam and ‘blue’ representing VIV - by Sebas de Ende of Victam and Heiko Stutzinger of VIV at the entrance to the shows on Day 1. This is great news for our industry as it not only means exhibition companies reaching two audiences from one

Roger Gilbert

location but for visitors - who can attend both events with one registration minimising their costs in reaching a wider variety of companies and services with a reduced time committment. The Perendale Publishers team leaving for the Victam/VIV exhibitions in The With the lifting of Netherlands on May 31, 2022 - the week Covid restrictions of the Queen’s Platinum Jubilee occurring in many countries at this time, we are also pleased to report on the recent IAOM Annual Conference and Expo 2022 which was held in the USA in this edition along with coverage of the latest IpackIMA 2022 which was held in Milan, Italy earlier in May as well. And the event calendar remains full as we head towards another summer break and putting budgets under pressure as companies, visitor and organisations attempt to make up for lost time over the past two-and-a-half years. On a sobering point we should not forget the worrying developments that are still continuing in Eastern Europe and the threat to our milling sector raw material supply. As each week and month passes we are becoming less hopeful that common sense will prevail and the necessity to get our grain and fertiliser production systems back on track, to ensure supplies from next year’s crop production regions not just in the Ukraine and Russia but elsewhere as well. We carry an update on the grain situation as impacted by war as our lead report in this edition.

The Russia-Ukraine War and its implications

While the world has been dealing with regional problems, migrant crises, the Covid-19 epidemic, and the humanitarian and economic crises brought on by the Russia-Ukraine War, Mehmet Ugur the world cannot help but think about Gürkaynak what awaits us. Over six million people worldwide have lost their lives due to the Covid-19 epidemic, which has imprisoned us in our homes in the last two years and has not been finalised yet. In addition, the Monkeypox virus, which is thought not to become an epidemic, has taken its place on the agenda. The Russia-Ukraine War, which broke out before we could be happy that the impact of the Covid-19 epidemic had diminished, apart from the humanitarian crisis that it brought with it, showed us how the world economy and the food supply chain are on the edge. Russia's attack on Ukraine brought wheat prices to the highest

level in 14 years. While 40 million tons of grain is waiting in warehouses to be exported to Ukraine, the crops that will be needed in the coming period cannot be planted due to the war. On the one hand, the Ukrainian authorities and buyer countries are seeking a solution to the issue, and on the other hand, they are trying to solve the political and other economic problems brought about by the situation. The already troubled food supply, the cost increases in oil and gas prices and the accompanying cost increases in production and transportation costs are pushing food prices even higher. It seems that this problem will not be solved in a short time. When the Covid-19 vaccine was available, countries with strong economies found a solution to the supply of vaccines. I think they will also find a solution to the food supply for their country. However, what should be considered in the meantime, what will be the situation of countries that already have difficulties in reaching clean water and food.

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AWARD SEASON Milling and Grain magazine was honoured to once again organise and host the GRAPAS Innovation Awards and the Animal Feed Technology and Nutrition Awards (AFTaN) at Victam Europe 2022 in Utrecht, The Netherlands on May 31, 2022.

GRAPAS 2022 Award Winners

The winner of this year’s GRAPAS 2022 Award is the Bühler Group of Switzerland for its ‘Arrius Integrated Grinding System,’ which the panel of international judges scored highest in almost all evaluation aspects. It’s plugand-play design along with a host of other innovative developments means it has set a benchmark for this type of equipment in the flour milling industry. The judges evaluated eight short-listed innovations put forward by leading companies operating and supporting the milling of flour, rice, pasta and salmonella. The GRAPAS Award is based on innovations that enhance efficiency, lower costs, reduce their impact on the environment and enhance food safety.


The judges collectively report the ‘Arrius Integrated Grinding System’ meets all these aspects and is a deserved winner of the 2022 Award. Not far behind the fist place winner is the ‘HSPU Purifier’ manufacturer by Henry Simon. Noted for its Italian design it is also being recognised for its digital four-pronged sensor technology which focuses on keeping both the operator and the system safe. This is a well-rounded machine that brings efficiency in operation to the production floor.

WINNER Arrius Integrated Grinding System by Bühler Group Arrius is the first fully integrated grinding system (IGS) for grinding wheat, durum, rye, barley, corn and spelt where it sets the benchmark in terms of grinding performance and energy efficiency.

Highly Commended

Finally, the judges chose to put forward a third product that is associated with the grinding process - ‘The RollCare Profile Measurement’ by the Turkish company Yenar for its Highly Commended Award. This measurement device is allowing roll life to be extended by using a unique laser technology approach when refuting on site. This unusual piece of equipment is fixed to the roll by magnets in order to carry out critical measurements using laser technology to determine the optimal time for refluting. All eight short-listed products in this year’s Awards have advanced the milling process and none should be overlooked by millers when considering improvements and upgrades to their existing operations report the judges. The judges also thanked Victam International for hosting the GRAPAS Awards and for making the competition open to the entire food milling sector as an industry-wide Award.

The Milling and Grain team getting ready to welcome our award winners onto the main stage at VICTAM R-L: Darren Parris, Roger Gilbert and Tuti Tan

AFTaN 2022 Award Winners

The winner of the AFTaN 2022 Award is the ‘M007 Cooler’ by Agentis Innovations of Thailand which is a completely automated moisture control system for coolers. AFTaN Awards - or the Animal Feed Technology and Nutrition Awards to give it its full name - has been introduced for the first time at Victam International 2022. The Award attracted a wide range of applications, many of whom were keen to demonstrate and compare their products and services with others. The winning product focused on the reduction of energy in the pellet drying process. Once again sensors and digitalisation are at the heart of this development which can achieve pre-determined moist levels in finish feeds in real time. The system can be retrofitted into almost any vertical cooler and can be integrated into existing SCADA systems. The judges awarded a ‘Distinction Award’ to the Famsun company of China, who also focused its entry on energy saving, in developing its ‘Dryer Heat Recovery System’ which uses the heat from from low-moisture air to lower energy usage. It can reduces steam consumption by approximately 15 percent. The international panel of judges also rated as ‘Highly Commented’ an often overlooked aspect of pellet production with an award for the ‘Lube for Life Rolls’ by CPM. This company has taken technology from the heavy press industry and applied it to the production of feed pellets resulting in rolls no longer requiring lubrication. The volumes of grease used annually in rolls and the knowledge that the grease used finds its way into pelleted feed shows that this development offers greater sustainably while reducing the risk of feed contamination. The judges also considered products and services suitable for the aquafeed sector as a separate category and made two awards: the winner of the AFTaN Aquaculture Award goes to the SJPS156 Twin-Screw Extruder by Famsun of China. This machine had a myriad of technical advances which culminate in a significant decrease in the energy required in its production performance when producing both floating and sinking aquafeeds and/or the option of improving throughput by a further 20 percent. However, the judges could not overlook the significance of the ‘Extruder Microfeed System’ by Andritz, a system that reduces blockages at the die and can lead to a 30-45 percent increase in production, better energy utilisation coupled with easy installation.

WINNER AThe M007 Cooler by Agentis Innovations Agentis Innovations have designed a complete automated control system for a cooler which discharges the feed based on a number of parameters including temperature and moisture.

Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 11



The success of a the co-located Victam/VIV Exposition in Utrecht, Holland which ran from the end of May 2022 for three days for the animal feed sector will determine the future of other co-located exposition these two organisers will host in Asia later this year and elsewhere. For now the first days of a co-located event have been much appreciated by both groups of visitors who can move almost seamlessly between the two separate sets of exhibition halls at the Jaarbeurs Centre. MAGTv has produced a Walkabout of the two events on its website to give readers a vision of this association between the two organisations coming together. Milling and Grain hosted four conferences and seminars (two for each event) and announced the winners of the GRAPAS Innovations Awards and the Animal Feed Technology and Nutrition Awards during the events (See more on page 10). We are also able in this edition to foreshadow the introduction of a new Victam Exhibition for Latin America - Victam Latam - set for the first week of October 2023

June is an important month for crop farmers in the Northern Hemisphere as it is the month when haymaking begins, in preparation for its use to feed livestock over the coming winter. The sixth month of the year also sees potatoes receive a thorough watering in order to encourage growth and the ‘filling out’ of the crop, whilst the grain storage facilities are being cleaned and inspected ahead of the harvest, with any remedial works being undertaken. The time around the end of May and the start of June also means the beginning of the summer show season. This can be a yearly highlight for many farmers, and some will choose to show off their livestock at country shows and fairs. Typically, the show season will finish before harvest time, as otherwise the two would clash and the harvest would be smaller or of a lower quality. On the subject of shows, I write with great anticipation with Cereals 2022 looming ever larger on the horizon. I am happy to announce that Milling and Grain magazine will be attending that one, along with the International Grain Conference which is taking place in London in the same week. Staying with the subject of grains, as we get deeper into June, the conflict in Ukraine looks like it will soon be in its fifth month, with all of us around the world beginning to feel the effects at the fuel pump and on our supermarket and utility bills. In addition to the crisis in Ukraine, the global markets have also been struck by soya crop problems in Latin America, with oilmeal/protein costs have been driven up by tightening supplies of the two next largest components, rapeseed and sunflower seed. In a similar fashion, rapeseed/canola’s problems started with Canada’s drought-hit 2021 crop and tightening stock situations there and in Europe. Latterly, the Ukrainian crisis has enveloped both of these alternative oilseed sources, blocking exports of both oilseeds to their biggest customers in the EU. The crop is mainly spring-sown and at this stage is seen on a moderately larger area but will need more moisture in the weeks ahead to avoid below par yields. As in the cereal markets, the main worry is how Ukraine will manage to sow and harvest its crops in the weeks and months ahead. Hopefully, Australia, which has emerged as a larger than expected rapeseed exporter in the past year or two, will be able to offer some supply relief – although there will be plenty of other customers around the globe looking to this origin to solve their own problems. As has been the case these past few years through the pandemic and its associated ramifications, the best course of action is to just sit tight, watch what happens next!

To see our video content from the event visit:

See more videos from all aspects of the industry at

12 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain






Milling News

ADM acquires South Cotabato feedmill in the Philippines


escribed by the company as being a step forward in providing a wide range of leadingedge products to meet Asia’s demand for innovative and high-quality options in the animal nutrition market, ADM announces the acquisition of a feed mill in Polomolok, South Cotabato, from South Sunrays Milling Corporation. “Around the globe, ADM is expanding its ability to meet growing customer demand for high-quality, responsiblyproduced animal nutrition products, and we look forward to bringing our expertise and production capabilities closer to even more customers in the Philippines,” says Gerald Wilflingseder, president, Animal Nutrition, Asia Pacific, at ADM. “This addition increases our regional production capacity,

enabling us to enhance our wide range of leading-edge solutions to better support our customers’ dynamic needs in a timely manner, while providing further opportunities to offer new product solutions in the Philippines and across the region.” The South Cotabato mill, along with existing ADM feed production facilities in Cebu and Bulacan, support customer growth in the region with a wide range of leading-edge pet food, complete feed, aquaculture, and premix solutions. Further, the investment will support economic development through the creation of more than 100 new jobs in the region. “We are excited to combine our global expertise with deep local insights to unlock greater value for our customers in the Philippines and across the region,” says Lorenzo Mapua, managing director, Animal Nutrition, Philippines, at ADM. “This acquisition will allow us to offer a wide range of high-quality feed products for swine, poultry and aqua for both backyard and commercial farm segments with our recognised brands such as Ultrapak, Evialis and Ocialis.”


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Milling News


A futuristic season is about to begin for Ocrim n early May 2022, Ocrim launched a new platform, an e-commerce portal with interactive catalogues where spare parts for milling plants can be bought. In the months leading up to the launch, the company shared the progressive idea behind the Oparts project through spatial, visual, and narrative storytelling, set in an intergalactic world. Its goal? To share the value of Oparts: a futuristic project rooted in the company’s history and identity, which are symbolically encapsulated in the logo. The O means everything: O as Ocrim and origin, as present and future, as Earth and Space. Therefore, the company’s new direction and project propel it into the future, but at the same time, they are also rooted in the company’s history and identity. The Oparts communication campaign revolves around a universe that represents and connects two eras: history and the future, humans and machines. Italian-made hightech and milling know-how are combined and brought to life in machines, which reflect the company’s history and future. In this way, machines take on a new form and go from merely being a product to being a means of transporting, like a spaceship, the company and its know-how into a new world: Oparts. The language it uses, persuasive and engaging, conveys the scope and novelty of the project. The entire website has been designed with the customer in mind. The aim is to ensure the best user experience in terms of ease of navigation, speed, and intuitiveness. The website went live worldwide on May 7, and allows customers to purchase milling products 24 hours a day directly on the platform via certified international payment circuits.

be uploaded for browsing, with the relevant serial number, table, and bill of materials so that users can find and order both specific and custom-made spare parts. Logging in is easy and quick: just go to www.oparts-shop. com website and enter your personal details and company data. Ocrim’s Customer Service is always available and eager to welcome you to the new platform. The reserved area has been specifically designed both for new and longstanding customers. The company wanted to optimise the flow of information and improve their customer service when purchasing specific spare parts for Ocrim machines. Customers can browse the various catalogues in several ways, making the ordering process easier and quicker, thus minimising the chance of error when searching for a specific component. With Oparts, buying spare parts is child’s play: on the portal, with just a few clicks, customers can choose and order spare parts by selecting them directly from the table and putting them in the shopping cart. But that’s not all: in the MyArea, users can view promos dedicated to them, see what’s in their shopping cart, and keep track of requests and orders at all times. With OParts, buying spare parts for milling machines is now easy, quick, and safe.

Easy & quick The portal is structured in two parts: a B2B e-commerce platform for the immediate and direct purchase of milling plant articles open to new users and a customised section for loyal customers with interactive catalogues. In the latter area, the user’s machine catalogues will Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 15

Milling News

Two companies form alternative insect protein development pact


disseo and Entobel have agreed to initiate a R&D collaboration to better understand and enhance insect rearing performance and the nutritional requirement of insects (BSF, Black Soldier Fly). By evaluating the interest and adaptation of the existing solutions they aim to improve production of insect’s meal, focused on the performance of the insects and the quality of this protein meal, prioritising the way to control the ingredients used to feed insects, and their complementarities with the most important feed additives, like methionine and enzymes. Adisseo has been publishing its animal nutritional requirement guides since the 1980s. The first famous one was Alimentation Equilibrée de Commentry Tables 1987, or the ‘AEC Tables’ as they are better known. In 2003, it was renamed as e-Rhodimet Nutrition Guide and focused on animals amino acids requirement. A new version issued in 2012 has being updated when relevant data are recognised by the scientific community. Currently, the higher requirement of sustainable proteins sources for feed and food, in a finite world boundary, insects are a promising nutritional alternative since they are an excellent bio converter of waste and co-products inedible for human or livestock. The success of insect production and its adoption by customers will be depending on its competitivity, volume availability and its quality over time. For that, there is a need for transformation in the rearing process based on optimal insect’s growth performance and producing a meal and oil with good nutritional value, whatever the type and quality of the raw material needed to feed insects. Normally as a natural bio-converter, insects can use all type of substrate to grow, with different FCR and mortality. This variability of substrates will require specific knowledge and a different combination of additives. As for poultry, the main factors of competitivity have been genetics, environmental conditions, and optimal nutrition. We can also consider that the stage that insects are today is the same as poultry nutrition was decades ago, and there are a lot of improvements still to come. Entobel, has a long expertise in insect production and processing, one of the most advanced and agile insect players in Asia with more than two years of stable production track record on its current site in South Vietnam. The company’s feed formulation also already demonstrates great stability and thus, was an ideal partner to optimise this further with Adisseo additives portfolio.

Owner and president of Leach Manufacturing Company passes away


t is with great sadness that we announce the death of Barney Holt Leach, 78, of Gadsden, Alabama, on May 8, 2022. Mr Leach was born on May 1, 1944 to the late Thurman “Holt” & Madiee Leach. He was a 1962 graduate of Gadsden High School. He attended Auburn University where he studied Business and was a member of Theta Chi Fraternity, where he met his wife of 58 years and they relocated to Gadsden, Alabama. He then became owner and president of Leach Manufacturing Company. Mr Leach served on numerous organisations within the community throughout his life. In the later years of his life, Mr Leach’s greatest joys were his grandchildren and being able to participate in their accomplishments. He was blessed with many lifelong friends. Mr Leach is survived by his wife, Betty Leach; children, Mandy (Snooky) Burgess, Cindi (Vince) Gahafer, Dr. Andrew (Courtnay) Leach; grandchildren, Hannah and Holt Keeling, Claire Graves, Holt, William and Taylor Leach. Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 17

Milling News

Southwest Kansas wheat devastated by drought


ast week saw much needed rainfall across the state of Kansas, but areas in the southwest missed out on it once again. Much of southwest Kansas has gone nearly 300 days without an inch of precipitation. Annual average rainfall is about 12 inches (30.48cm) in southwest Kansas, and much of the area has seen about one third of that over the past year and less than an inch (2.54cm) since wheat was planted in the fall. There are several counties in the far southwest corner of Kansas where very little wheat will make it to harvest. Farmers have already been in touch with their crop adjusters, and fields are being adjusted from zero to five bushels per acre across the area. Lack of rainfall since fall planting, combined with vicious winds throughout the winter have taken a toll on the wheat and the soil. No-till farmers have had to chisel the soil to bring up clods to hold the topsoil in place. A state-wide issue Gary Millershaski, who farms north of Lakin in Kearny County, is on the north edge of the worst areas. Several of his fields won’t go to harvest, but others will provide below average yields. Many farmers in the area didn’t apply full rates of topdress nitrogen to maximise the wheat’s potential because of limited rainfall and high input prices. To the north in Wichita County, Rick Horton, who farms south of Leoti, has been fortunate enough to catch some of the rains. His family grows seed wheat, and except for fields lost due to a large fire in December, much of his wheat still has potential. Traveling west on Highway 400 toward Syracuse paints a grimmer picture. North of Syracuse, wheat is holding on for more rain in May. South and west of Syracuse, the wheat, which should be green and growing right now, is thin and brown. At Skyland Grain in Johnson, Justin Ochs reports there isn’t much optimism in the area right now. Skyland’s Agronomy department is waiting on farmers to make the decision to start planting fall crops. They are holding out, waiting and desperately hoping for some moisture to get those crops started. Farther west in Stanton County, Jim Sipes, who farms and grows seed wheat west of Manter, paints a bleak picture. A trip to his seed operation shows open soil with only a few wheat plants scattered across. Treated wheat seeds that were drilled last fall scatter the soil, as they never even sprouted last fall. What did emerge has very little root structure. The emerged plants didn’t come up until the last couple weeks, missing out on winter vernalisation. With the exception of just a couple fields, all of Mr Sipes’ wheat is lost. The adjuster came out a couple weeks ago and much has been zeroed out completely or has been adjusted to just one or two bushels per acre. Now he is left with the painfully impossible decision of whether to destroy the wheat and plant grain sorghum into exceptionally dry conditions or to leave the wheat plants in place in an attempt to keep the soil from blowing in the vicious daily up to 70 mile per hour winds. He wonders if he will be able to secure wheat seed from other growers to provide it to his customers. The story remains the same through Elkhart, Rolla and Hugoton — empty fields spattered with a few wheat plants here and there. Brown soils with meager brown wheat plants scatter the landscape. However, heading east toward highway 23, conditions start to improve. The wheat fields show signs of life, green wheat plants start showing up closer together. Looking down the rows, there’s definitely an upgrade in conditions. This area has seen scattered showers over the last few weeks. Meade has only gone 12 days without .10 of moisture, compared to 94 days in Richfield. Tyler Ediger, who farms with his family south of Meade, reported that it has been a “rough winter.” The crop is behind and the heads have fewer spikelets than last year. The wheat is short, with small flag leaves and residue is shorter than they need for next year’s crops. The continuous crop wheat doesn’t look good, but the wheat on fallow ground isn’t too bad. On the upside, Mr Ediger said they didn’t have to chisel their no-till ground, like so many farmers did to control blowing soil. They missed out on last week's rain, and they need another inch or two of moisture to finish the crop out. With the weather forecast indicating 90 degree temperatures and more wind. This will likely push them into harvest ahead of last year’s timeline. Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 19

Milling News

Aykut Göymen is elected as the Chairman of the Turkish Pasta Manufacturers Association Board of Directors


t the Board of Directors Meeting of the Turkish Pasta Industrialists Association held in Gaziantep on May 17, 2022, the Board of Directors of the association, consisting of 5 people, was redetermined and Mr. M.Aykut Göymen was elected as the Chairman of the Board of Directors.

Mrs. A.Gülçin Hazar has been appointed as the Vice Chairman of the Management, Mr. Ferhat Acar has been appointed as the Treasurer, Mr. Taner Göymen and Mr. Şükrü Karaboğa have been elected as the Members of the Board of Directors. The newly appointed TMSD Board members made their first visit to Turkish Grain Board General Manager Mr. Ahmet Güldal. During the visit, they exchanged views by evaluating the pre-harvest situation.

Alapala Wins the ‘Milling Machinery Producer of the Year’ Award


ne of the Turkey's leading companies and turnkey solution providers in food processing technologies, Alapala demonstrates its global success once more, awarded as the ’Milling Machinery Producer of the Year’ by IAOM Eurasia committee. A meeting venue for grain millers and trade representatives to foster the development of training and learning opportunities in milling industry, IAOM (International Association of Operative Millers) organised one of the industry's most important award ceremony where Alapala was awarded as the "Milling Machinery Producer of the Year". IAOM Eurasia Conference and Expo 2022 was organised in Istanbul Lütfi Kırdar Congress Center between May 19 and 22, 2022. The "Milling Awards" ceremony took place on 20th of May 2022 during the gala dinner of the event, where IAOM Eurasia Committee presented awards under five different categories. A world leader in grain milling industry with its high technology facilities and award-winning machinery, Alapala wins the "Milling Machinery Producer of the Year" award with its recent development "Next Generation Milling Systems". Alapala CEO, Mr Görkem Alapala has attended to the conference, and Alapala R&D Manager, Mr Sezai Aydın also made a presentation to introduce system to the audience. Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 21

Milling News

Cargill to build new soybean processing facility in Southeast Missouri, USA Facility will offer farmers year-round access to grain markets


argill has unveiled plans to build a new soybean processing facility located in Pemiscot County, Mo. near Hayti and Caruthersville to support growing domestic and global demand for oilseeds driven by food, feed and fuel markets. The facility will be the first of its kind for Southeast Missouri with an annual production capacity of 62 million bushels of soybeans. Cargill anticipates breaking ground on the project early next year with plans to be operational in 2026. The new facility will add approximately 45 full-time positions to the region when complete. “Cargill’s new facility, with its location on the Mississippi river, will operate year-round and provide farmers opportunity to take advantage of increased domestic demand versus relying solely on seasonal exports,” says Tim Coppage, Regional Commercial Lead, Cargill Agricultural Supply Chain North America. “Access to both river and rail will provide more flexibility and market access for farmers.” “Missouri currently ranks sixth in the United States for soybean production,” says Missouri Lieutenant Governor Mike Kehoe. “The location of the new facility will expand the $94 billion economic impact of Missouri agriculture,

our state’s top industry, accelerate economic development and enhance workforce opportunities in the Bootheel.” “Missouri Soybeans is very pleased with the new build of a soybean crush facility in Pemiscot County and the direct impact it will bring to our farmers in Southeast Missouri,” says Gary Wheeler, Missouri Soybeans CEO and Executive Director. “In an effort to increase opportunities for our growers, Missouri Soybeans has been working collaboratively with several partners for more than two years to achieve this lofty goal and create a needed market for their soybeans. Born and raised in the Bootheel, I know first-hand this is a great opportunity for our soybean farmers and local community.” The new location expands Cargill’s efforts to modernise and increase capacity across its North American oilseeds network. Last year, Cargill announced a series of projects across North America including significant improvements to its soybean crush facility in Sidney, Ohio and construction of a new canola processing facility in Regina, Sask. Cargill has had a presence in Missouri since 1936 and currently operates across 11 locations in the state and employees nearly 1,200 people.

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22 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

Elevation of John Davidson & Sons Phoenix Flour Mills

Aktie Bolaget Majornas Anghageri

Robinson’s Remodel Swedish Rye and Wheat Mill by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK


Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive

he Miller of December 1885 published an extensive article on Messrs Davidson and Sons’ New Phoenix Mills, recently fitted out on the roller mill system of Mr J Harrison Carter of 82 Mark, Lane London. Mr Davidson’s firm had been established as millers at Newcastle-upon-Tyne since 1830 and their history illustrated the productive march of progress made in the art of milling art during that period. The founder of the Phoenix mills, and the father of the owner in 1885, was the late Mr. John Davidson, who had a remarkable career. John was born at Glanton, Northumberland on March 31, 1802. On his mother’s side he came from a long line of millers and started his career as a miller by serving an apprenticeship to his maternal uncle, Mr. Mather of Ingram Mill in Ingram Northumberland. He completed his milling education in the New Town Mill, Chillingham, then finally at Low Close Mill in Durham.

A mill on a magnificent scale

In 1820 John took his first independent step by setting up as miller, in partnership with his brother, at a windmill on Carrs Hill, Gateshead. This windmill at Carr Hill is marked as ‘Old’ on the 1st edition Ordnance Survey plan, so was presumably out of use by 1857. A few years later this mill was exchanged for another windmill, situated on the famous Windmill Hills, and 24 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

Carter's supplement to the Miller, 1 December 1884

Gray's Patent Noiseless Roller Mill

Golay's Millstone Cutting and Dressing Machine

belonging to Gateshead Corporation. His trade there seemed to have been good as he prospered and it was recorded that in 1829, he left this mill to build a steam mill in Hill Gate, Gateshead. It was thought that this was the first instance of the application of steam to flour milling in the North of England. At some point previous to 1840 his brother, Walter, had left the firm and in that year, John began the building of the Hill Gate Mill on a magnificent scale. In 1844 the work was completed, and a massive six storey mill stood ready to receive the extensive machinery. Whilst the work was being undertaken, John Davidson was busy

visiting the most advanced mills in the country, to find out with his own eyes, the latest and best engineering results and their application to flour milling. For example, the rough wooden spur gearing made way for the line shafting, and metal gearing adjustments, which were said to have been first erected on a complete scale by Rennie, in the Albion Mills London in 1784. The labour of conveying and lifting by hand of grain and its products through different stages in the mill was abolished by means of automatic elevation appliances, wheat and flour dressing machinery of the latest type were fitted throughout the mill, and to ventilate the millstones, spouts were fitted to the stone casings. These spouts were carried shaft wise through several floors, until a proper exit could be found for the heated air.

An ever-widening circle of custom

For ten years the mill continued to produce an ever-widening circle of custom, and to place Mr. Davidson at the head of English millers. Sadly though, at the end of the decade, came a disaster, which took away Mr Davidson’s son who was his right-hand man at the mill. In 1854, a worsted factory in Hill Gate caught fire and culminated in a great explosion that was said to rock the

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Milling News foundations of houses in Gateshead and Newcastle. Davidson’s mill happened to lie close to where the fire had started and was one of the first buildings to be destroyed. Mr William Davidson, the son of the then head of the firm, lost his life endeavoring to rescue some of his fellow workmen from the raging fire. The site of the mill passed into the hands of the Gateshead Corporation for quayside expansion, but not deterred, Mr. Davidson built a new mill on the opposite side of the river, aptly calling it the Phoenix Mill. In two years following the fire the new mill was up and running, fitted out with twelve pairs of millstones, shortly after to be increased to twenty pairs. As well as the millstones there was the most up to date cleaning and other machinery. There was also a good stock of French silks, and the reels were furnished with iron

The merits of middlings purifiers

The millstones were belt driven instead of the usual spur gearing, the mill also, it was believed, to be only the second English flour mill to have Golay’s diamond millstone dresser, invented by Mr. Samuel Golay of Paris in 1868. (The Mills Archive holds a copy of his patent dated 1868; the image for this article is from the author’s own collection). It is interesting to note that the merits of middlings purifiers were here early recognised, and not surprising to find that Wegmann porcelain roller mills for the conversion of middlings soon found a home in the Phoenix Mill. The old plant newly installed by Mr Carter, included twenty-eight pairs of porcelain middlings rollers. The mill also had a miniature mill furnished with glass rolls. The old stone mill, as started in 1856 had a motive force of 100-horsepower, which was supplied by two engines each of 50hp. In 1860 John Davidson took his eldest son into the partnership and nine years later retired from the business. He continued to take a keen interest in the miller’s art until he passed away January 9, 1878, aged 76. Next month I’ll continue the story describing the structure of this phoenix that had risen from the ashes.


ct V a i Bo m I s i t ot nt e u s h r n at 1. a 43 tio 2 na


1878 Advertisement for Carter's English Chilled Iron Roller Mills

heads and tails, something novel at that time.


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Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 27

Milling News At the heart of the Center there are two insect growth chambers that enable to mimic industrial production conditions.

Bühler opens Insect Technology Centre to support customers in the feed and food industries


he opening of the Insect Technology Center is a major milestone in our journey. Over the last years, we have gained expertise and maturity to serve different customers in the insect industry with the most adequate and reliable solutions. With our new facility, we extend our services and can even better support our customers in installing an industrial insect plant,” says Andreas Baumann, Head of Market Segment Insect Technology at Bühler. At the heart of the Centre there are two insect growth chambers that can mimic industrial production conditions. These chambers have a sophisticated climate control system and are equipped with numerous sensors that give valuable process insights. Based on the collected data, the right parameters and practices can be determined to finally ensure an efficient insect production at industrial scale. At the ITC, it is possible to work with the two most relevant insect species for industrial production, namely black soldier flies and mealworms. “A company that wants to build an industrial insect plant needs to cover several operational aspects. It includes finding the correct feedstock to rear the larvae, making sure that there is a strong and suitable insect strain to grow, defining suitable climate settings in relation to the larvae growth cycle, or getting emission data required for the permitting process,” says Andreas Baumann. All these topics are essential for a successful insect plant project and can be addressed in Bühler's new Insect Technology Center. In addition to the services offered to customers, Bühler's team will run its own tests, thereby constantly improving the technology and services for the insect market. Accelerating insect plant projects The ITC aims to accelerate large-scale insect plant initiatives. By using the new test facility, customers

28 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

The ITC aims to accelerate large-scale insect plant initiatives. By using the new test facility, customers might not need to invest into expensive pilot plants to demonstrate technological feasibility.

might not need to invest into expensive pilot plants to demonstrate technological feasibility. Seeing the industrial insect technology in action makes it tangible, which allows customers to directly envision commercially attractive plant sizes. Since the insect growth chambers are mobile, they can be sent to any location, thus making the infrastructure accessible to customers worldwide. “In combination with the operational know-how exchange, we see enormous potential to reduce the overall time from the project idea to a successfully performing plant,” says Mr Baumann. Contributing to a circular economy Bühler is committed to ambitious targets that will help mitigate climate change and build a more sustainable food system. Insects are a healthy and sustainable source of protein for food and feed. In addition, their frass can be used as a fertiliser, contributing to a circular economy model of production. The insect feed protein market is expected to reach half a million metric tons in 2030. By then, the pet food sector is projected to take 30 percent and aquaculture 40 percent of the total insect protein volumes. “We are devoted to supporting the industry in reaching its full potential. Over the last years we have gained maturity and built the skills for helping the industry to further develop. With proven technologies in our portfolio, we are ready to enable our customers in bringing insect-based products to the market,” explains Mr Baumann.

The Rex Wailes Collection

Windmills of Nantucket, USA

by Nathanael Hodge, Mills Archive trust The following article is taken from a typescript in the Rex Wailes collection.

“One does not usually associate windmills with mountainous Wales, nevertheless, the Island of Anglesey at one time must have equalled East Anglia in the number of windmills per square mile which it possessed. A recent tour in Anglesey disclosed no less than 35 in this island which is only about 22 miles long from North to South and 28 miles long from East to West, of these however 25 are roofless shells. All these mills are very similar to one another in outward appearance. The towers are of rough undressed stone either cemented all over or on the windward side only, and often white-washed; they have four or five floors, and vary in internal diameter from 18 to 25 feet at the base and from 11 to 18ft at the top. The caps are boat shaped, and have horizontal weatherboarding laid over the framing. The number of stones contained in the mill is three or four pairs, the position being on the first or second floor, according to the size of the mill. In all cases there is one pair of French stones; the other stones are of very coarse grain; they are of a mottled brown colour and are said to be Welsh. From one to three wire dressing machines are to be found on the ground floor; groat machines, which in the past were used for making oats for porridge are also found. The oats were first roasted in a kiln adjoining the mill, they were then passed through a pair of stones set at a constant distance apart, this being the length of the average oat, and the husk was split off the oat. From the stones they passed to an inclined wire reel in the top of the groat machine, and here the dust formed when the oats were roasted was brushed out. As the oats and husks tailed out of the cylinder where they, together with the dust, were exposed to a draught of air from a fan, the husks and dust being light were blown into a chamber beyond the machine known as the ‘husk-cupboard,’ while the ‘groats,’ as they were now termed, fell down into two spouts, the lighter and poorer grouts being carried to the spout furthest from the fan. Of all the Anglesey windmills, Melin y Bont, Bryndu, is by far the most interesting. It is situated halfway up the side of a small valley and spans a mill stream fed from a pool in front of the mill and owing to the slope of the ground there are two ground floors. An ingenious and quite unique method of gearing allows the mill to be driven by the wind or by a waterwheel. At Kingsland mill, on either side of the main door on the ground floor are two “toll cupboards” or “kests”; these were used for the reception of payment in kind, or ‘toll’, for grinding, and a share-out was made between the last owner to work the mill and her sons at the end of each week. As is well known, the old-time miller was popularly supposed to extract more than his legal toll from his customers on the sly.”

30 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

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Milling News

OSU scientist discovers a wheat gene that increases grain yield


uilding the genetic make up for the ideal wheat crop is no easy task. Just ask Liuling Yan, the Dillon and Lois Hodges professor of wheat molecular genetics and breeding in the Oklahoma State University Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, who recently discovered the TaCol-B5 gene in wheat plants. What makes this gene so special? It enhances wheat yield by more than 10 percent – a significant increase in the world of wheat production. Due to a rapidly growing human population and climate change, there is a need for crop varieties that produce high yields with limited amounts of artificial fertilisers and pesticides and that are more resilient to unpredictable weather. Getting the most out of yield with cereals is a tall order with scientists having to create a delicate balance among genetic traits within wheat, such as seed size, seed number and head number. Scientists are creating this delicate balance within a highly complex genetic system in which 80 percent of genetic sequences are highly repetitive, and few genes have been connected to a specific plant characteristic, so figuring out what gene accomplishes what trait is no small feat. This makes assembling the genetic jigsaw puzzle that makes the most optimal wheat cultivar a complicated task, to say the least. That's why discovering genes like TaCol-B5 is so important for feeding the world. The direct effect on grain production makes it an excellent candidate for getting the most out of one's wheat crop – literally. 'As I see it, this is a watershed discovery in the world of plant genetics,' says Scott Senseman, associate vice president of OSU Ag Research. 'The possibility of having a greater than 10 percent yield increase through the activity of one gene in a wheat crop is a development that pushes the Green Revolution that Dr. Norman Borlaug started decades ago into another realm. With this discovery and its application, it could mean the difference between people having food and going hungry. It is difficult to find a discovery more impactful than that.' The TaCol-B5 gene, which was discovered in wheat cultivar CItr176 from Mexico, increases the number of spikelets (a group of seed-producing flowers) on a wheat spike by more than three, which is significant when the spikes on a wheat plant usually only totals about 15-25 spikelets. The gene was also able to increase the number of fertile tillers (spikes with seeds) per plant. 'We need more evidence of the genetic traits in wheat cultivars,' Yan said. 'We could have stopped with the what, but we continued on to the why, and the why is where the story is. The why is the mechanism behind how science works. It wasn't enough to discover this gene. Understanding its genetics gave us the why of why this cultivar produces more.' Mr Yan's research colleagues on the project included OSU Ph.D. student Xiaoyu Zhang; visiting scientist Haiyan Jia, a professor in wheat genetics from Nanjing Agricultural University in China; and Brett Carver, Regents professor and wheat genetics chair in agriculture at OSU. Mr Yan's research involved trying to find out what other

wheat cultivars the TaCol-B5 gene resides in, and what he discovered is that this gene is rare, residing in only about two percent of wheat across the world. Before Mr Yan and his colleagues discovered the genetic markers of this variant, scientists had no means of locating it within wheat plants. Mr Yan and his fellow scientists cloned the gene and placed it into a cultivar called Yangmai18, a cultivar with average yield rates. Research showed an average yield increase of 11.9 percent in the genetically modified plant, with the most significant yield increase of 19.8 percent in another progeny line. These experimental lines were not intended for commercial use but for understanding how the gene operates. 'When we breed a wheat variety, we go from the parent generation to the offspring generation. Producing a five percent increase in yield would qualify for releasing a new variety,' says Mr Carver. 'Now, switch over to this gene. We're saying this gene can increase yield by nearly 12 percent. And that's one gene. That is noteworthy. Are we going to get 12 percent every time we breed with that gene? We don't know that for sure, but this gives us targets now for changing and improving yield on a molecular level. It's a tool that we can now use to supplement and perfect what we do in the field.' Due to Mr Yan identifying the gene's genetic markers, the gene has now also been identified in its naturally occurring state in the Billings wheat cultivar, and there is potential for locating it in other cultivars as well. 'In future breeding cycles, we will be tracking the gene in the Billings plant using Dr. Yan's genetic markers as a means to locate it and affirm its presence,' Mr Carver says. Over the course of his career, Mr Yan has cloned several wheat genes, including the TaOGT1 gene breakthrough this time last year. His research on the TaCol-B5 gene was recently published in Science, a scientific magazine published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. According to Science representatives, only one percent of the papers published in the journal are ag research related. According to a perspective paper in Science, the discovery of TaCol-B5 is a 'milestone toward enhancing yield in cereals' because it improves scientists' understanding of the molecular mechanisms that control yield-related genetic traits. 'Few scientists make the attempt to submit scientific papers to the Science journal, and currently, less than seven percent of articles submitted make it through the rigorous publication process,' Mr Senseman says. 'Historically, this journal has been one of the preeminent journals of the scientific community. It's particularly noteworthy when agricultural work is highlighted, and we are very proud to have one of our university's scientists featured in this publication.' Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 33



Ocrim School to open in autumn 2022 Courses on applied milling technology are due to start in September. They will be based on a 4.0 training concept, with practical tests at the Milling Hub. Ocrim has plenty of news: after announcing that we have launched O-parts, Ocrim e-commerce platform that is now up and running, we are ready to welcome students from all over the world to the O-School. Ocrim has always offered state-of-the-art training, with constantly updated content, both for personnel of industrial companies and for people who intend to start a new professional journey in the milling sector. But this year’s big news is that students will have the opportunity to get a hands-on experience: Ocrim expert teachers will guide them through a highly experimental training programme, which will involve the use of cutting-edge technology at the Milling Hub, the milling complex set up by Bonifiche Ferraresi and Ocrim, which will serve both as a milling

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plant and milling school throughout the courses. Life coach Marie Forleo once said something along the lines of, “I can’t think of any successful people who wait until they feel ready to start.” And we agree with her because if we had not been so audacious, we would not have achieved so many important milestones in such a short space of time. On the other hand, we feel that it is essential to gain confidence and grounding before embarking on such a challenging – and yet fascinating – a journey in the milling industry. That is exactly why, since 1967, Ocrim’s Scuola di Tecnologia Molitoria (Milling Technology School) has been committed to ensuring that students from all over the world acquire know-how and experience so that they can become passionate and expert millers. If you would like to receive more information about course dates, how to participate, and costs, please email

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How to gain a feed production qualification from the comfort of your own home or office With life suddenly becoming much more expensive, the ongoing war at the eastern border of Europe, as well as the effects of three years of pandemic restrictions– we could all do with a bit more certainty (and money), coming into our lives. As world markets continue to tighten, so too does the competition for jobs in the animal feed production industry, making this the best time to sure up your CV by adding a globally recognised industry specific qualification. April 2022 saw the long-awaited return of both the Online Aquafeed Production School course for its Spring 2022 edition, with a new, improved and updated series of online broadcasts. Developed and presented in partnership by Progressus Agrischools and Perendale Publishers Limited, the fast becoming famous series is tailored with the aim of helping attendees to build an understanding of the design, development, and operation of a feed production plant. This goal is achieved through twelve two hour long weekly sessions featuring industry experts who share their extensive knowledge relating to feed ingredients, the equipment used, as well as providing a general nutritional review. This is then followed by a dedicated question and answer session, allowing participants to interact live with the program facilitators. These carefully selected experienced industry operators, who possess centuries of combined front-line service between them, includes Joe Kearns, who alone has spent decades in senior roles at Wenger Manufacturing.

Wisdom & reliability

The Spring 2022 edition of Online Aquafeed Production School sees Mr Kearns take over the role of lead presenter, a role that he will no doubt deliver with the same level of professionalism that has seen him earn a solid reputation throughout his career for wisdom and reliability. Online Aquafeed Production School will enable interested individuals to understand the possibilities and developments over time with regards to what can be produced, as well as examining how all aspects of the process interact in order to achieve and maintain a successful standard of aquafeed production. Basically, there are four areas of importance for aquafeed production; ingredients, equipment used, how it is operated, and the desired final product specifications. All aspects interact as each affects the other as the nutritionist makes the formula, sales or the customers define the desired end product while the production needs to perform efficiently. Communication between these areas and the interactions between them will vastly increase the chances of producing positive results, including excellent aquafeed produced with acceptable margins.

Sessions 1 & 2 recap

The first edition of this long-awaited new series seeks to provide attendees with an ‘Overview of the Aquafeed Process’. Introduced by the able presenting duo of Messieurs Christodoulou and Gilbert, this was split into four main parts. The first of these segments sees Mian Ruiz Texas A&M University broach the subject of the ‘Different Types of Aquafeeds. Mr Riaz’s teaching is then followed by the first of Joe Kearns’ contributions titled, ‘Typical Equipment used in Aquafeed Production and Raw material Requirements and Effects’. Mr Kearns then returns to host a new section ‘Useful Troubleshooting Tips’, which this week focuses on raw materials – including aspects such as starch content, changeover time in storage and the ‘after ripening factor’. The fourth and final segment of this sessions sees all but Mr Riaz return to tackle the weekly live Q&A session, with all of the questions asked by the audience answered in full – with Mr Kearns even answering some shortly after they had been answered. Delivered under the title of ‘Starting the Process: Ingredient Receiving, Bulk Storage’ the first address of the second session sees Mr Kearns tackle the subject of ‘Nutrition, Formula, Considerations for Aquafeed Production and Ingredient Receiving’. The lists of related subjects covered includes ingredient sources & specifications, starch in formulation and the differences between coated feeds. The second section of the second session sees Giuseppe R Bigliani, President of Feed Technology Solutions, Engormix provide a ‘Detailed Review of Ingredient Handling – Part 1’. With nearly four decades of experience in the design, installation, operation and administration of projects related with the Agribusiness, focusing on feed and food processing plants, Mr Bigliani provides a very comprehensive overview of this subject.

It’s not too late to enrol

Although this season has already started, all sessions are available on demand for two weeks following the final broadcast – with this option included for all attendees at no extra cost. The Aquafeed Production School is running every Tuesday, from April 19 to July 12, 2pm Bangkok time and 9am CET. For those based in the US and Latin America, sessions begin on April 21 and conclude on July 15, 9am Chicago time. The course certification is very beneficial for the workplace, as it both signals an attendee’s interest in the industry and demonstrates an acquisition of the knowledge that they’ve gained whilst attending the program. To enrol on the Aquafeed Production School course, be sure to visit for more information. Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 37


In every edition of Milling and Grain magazine, we dedicate this page to taking a look at the products that will save you both time and money in the milling process. Should you have a new product or service that you would like to feature on this page in a future edition of our magazine, be sure to contact us at The myMAG link will take you directly to the company's product information page

Roller Mills He-Serie by Ottevanger The new Roller mills HE (High Efficiency) series is designed to crush or grind various materials, and can handle a range of materials including grain, oilseeds, biomass and other products with low energy requirements. The machinery has one, two or three mounted units on top of each other each with two large independently driven rollers, with all of which designed specifically to ensure an even flow. The top unit can be extended with one or two extra crushing units, each of which consists of two, solid Hartguss breaker rolls to ensure optimum crushing. The HE line is concentrated on better performances, a more hygienic design and lower energy consumption. Its advantages include increased capacity with the same level of energy, easy access for maintenance, and exchangeable rollers.

IFW series flow scales from Satake

Gastrivix™ Avi by Perstorp

Satake announces its new compact, high-capacity flow scales. The IFW series provides high weighing capacities while maintaining a minimal footprint. With maximum capacities of 80 metric ton/hour and 120 metric ton/hour respectively, IFW100A-T (pictured) and IFW150A-T are accurate weighing solutions for large rice milling plants. The higher capacity IFW150A-T provides an accurate, high-capacity weighing solution in a small package, with dimensions of only 1.6 x 1.7 x 2.2 meters. To facilitate improved process control, weighing information is shown on both an attached touch panel and at the central operating system, improving convenience and reducing operational costs. Each IFW model consists of a supply tank, a weighing hopper, a discharge gate, and an operational panel. The machines are designed to handle the weighing needs of many of the unit processes in rice milling including product receiving.

Perstorp Holdings AB of Sweden is expanding on its innovative range of broiler feed solutions after the launch of Gastrivix™ Avi which combines valeric and butyric acid. Like butyric acid, valeric acid is naturally created by the gut microbiota of broilers, although in too small quantities for optimal gut health during production cycles. Perstorp has used complex organic chemistry to create esters of valeric acid, which were tested over many years in a multitude of combinations with butyric acid esters to develop the right synergy. Gastrivix Avi is a dry product that is easy to handle, palatable, has no dangerous goods restrictions and has no odor issues. It has been created to meet the bird’s biological needs, support gut integrity and promote reliable growth and performance. The product will be the first to be produced on the brand-new, production line for powder products at Perstorp’s Waspik plant in The Netherlands.

The HR10DDF-T Husker from Satake

Fritsch Variable Speed Rotor Mill Pulverisette 14 classic line

Satake introduces a smarter and more economical paddy husker to the Asian region. The new HR10DDF-T utilises Satake's latest patented technology, the Idler Switching System, to minimise operational costs. The new Idler Switching System automatically adjusts the speed and pressure of husking rollers to ensure a constant optimum pressure needed to remove the husk without breaking the kernel, whilst also eliminates the need for frequent right-and-left roller replacement. Additionally, built-in sensors can detect worn out rollers, send an alarm notification, and automatically stop the machine, whilst the new model is more user friendly by incorporating an easy-to-use touch panel control interface. The machine can also be equipped with an optional outlet for immature grains. The HR10DDF-T paddy husker's new technology ensures optimum husking efficiency and utility. The machine is sure to save time, effort, and cost.

The Fritsch Variable Speed Rotor Mill Pulverisette 14 classic line is the ideal mill for fast, effective comminution of soft to medium-hard, brittle and fibrous materials as well as temperature-sensitive samples – proven worldwide for the use in trace analysis. The ingenious air routing of the Pulverisette 14 classic line ensures a constant airflow. At the same time, a large fan blows the cooling air into the instrument through a foam particle filter to create positive pressure that prevents the penetration of dirt particles from the ambient air. The motor speed can be varied between six and 20 thousand rpm in increments of one-thousand – making it possible to adapt the mill to each specific application. At the same time, reduces the fast, effective grinding through the efficient air routing inside the Pulverisette 14 classic line significantly the thermal strain on the sample.

38 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain


SPECIAL FOCUS Described by its manufacturer as a ‘modular rice processing plant system,’ Reach by Satake covers the entire rice milling process from receiving rice paddy, cleaning the paddy and husking to milling, polishing, optical sorting and packing. Traditionally, the complete Satake rice processing system, which was designed specifically for large scale rice production, consists of various machines that may take longer to plan, procure and assemble. However, the REACH system provides all machinery and accessories needed to start full operation in one comprehensive module. Additionally, Reach was made for lower production capacity processors with the Reach 3.0 and Reach 7.0, with respective capacities of three and seven tonnes per hour (t/h) paddy input.

A new world of opportunities

In the past few years following its introduction, the Reach system heralded a new world of opportunities to small or medium scale rice millers. Through this brand, Satake made its rice processing technology easily accessible to those processors. This provided cost-saving, quicker, and more efficient solutions to their rice milling needs. For a business already in the rice sector or just considering a venture into rice processing, adopting Satake's high-performing rice milling equipment will be the smart option to operate with

REACH : The modular rice processing plant system by Satake

because it helps to maximise returns on investment and predict output efficiency. Equipped with flow scales to measure the rice both before and after milling, the real-time yield of head rice and profit can be measured at a glance. Additionally, Reach’s system allows its user to adjust final product quality by controlling blending ratio which optimises processing operations and product output. One of the other advantages of Reach is that it requires a shorter planning and installation time. The steel structure/platform already included in the package makes the needed civil construction proceed faster, whereby only 2-3 weeks of onsite installation is required compared to the usual 3-4 months required for a conventional plant. Therefore, the overall project period from order to installation for REACH will be much faster than a conventional plant. There are various plant design options which can be customised to meet any site needs and requirements. Utilising automation function and a cloud enabled system, rice processing operations in the Reach system can be monitored remotely. “This brand embodies Satake's highly reputable rice milling technology to deliver high-quality performance,” comments a company source. To find out more, visit the REACH site at: Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 41

L e t ’s wa l k t o ge t h e r into a new Era


The battle of the breadbasket Examining the potential effect of the conflict in Ukraine on world food prices


by Andrew Wilkinson, Milling and Grain magazine

nown as the ‘breadbasket of Europe,’ the combined agricultural output of Russia and Ukraine accounts for nearly a third of the world’s wheat and barley, and two-thirds of the world's export of sunflower oil. To date, the conflict has damaged many of Ukraine's ports and agricultural infrastructure and that is likely to limit the country's agricultural production for years. This is a huge issue in terms of world food prices as in addition to the already listed statistics, Ukraine is also the world's fourth largest corn exporter, whilst it also being a major contributor to the world’s supply of rapeseed oil. Russia and Belarus, who are both being severely limited by the imposition of western sanctions and their own export bans, account for more than 40 percent of global exports of potash – a widely used crop nutrient. All of these statistics make this whole area, that is now largely a war-zone, a pivotal location for world food production. So, when Russian tanks rolled into Ukrainian territory on February 24, 2022, the impact was always going to send shockwaves reverberating right across the world.

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Escalating food and energy prices

Now, several months down the road, the conflict is already resulting in noticeably escalating food and energy prices, with cereal prices hitting record levels in March 2022 – a direct result of limited shipments of corn and wheat during the war. According to the World Bank, the Ukraine crisis has already had a devastating effect on the wider outlook for food prices, whilst warning that this is likely to be the case for the next three years, prompting fears that the global economy is heading for a level of poor economic growth and high inflation not seen since the 1970s. The organisation also states that if this prediction becomes reality, then there is a real risk that persistently high commodity costs could last until the end of 2024. The Bank’s latest commodity markets outlook also indicates that over the past two years, the world had seen the biggest increase in energy prices since the oil crisis in 1973. As a result of trade and production disruptions, the bank is forecasting a 50 percent rise in energy prices this year. It also expects the price of Brent crude oil to average US$100 a barrel in 2022, its highest level since 2013 and an increase of more than 40 percent compared with 2021. Whilst the costs of energy and food were likely to retreat from their current levels at some point, they are still forecast to be

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F above the average for the past five years at the end of 2024. Across much of the world, the cost of cooking oils, dairy and everyday staples such as pasta have risen dramatically, with many countries seeing the biggest jump in food and fertiliser prices since 2008.

The self-preservation societies

Wheat prices have been soaring in recent weeks, with supply concerns caused by the Ukraine war worsened by a number of droughts around the world. The US Department of Agriculture forecast that global supplies for the coming crop year would fall for the first time in four years. In addition to this, the world food price situation has no doubt been worsened by dozens of countries who have prioritised selfpreservation by putting up trade barriers in the past two months. According to an article recently published by the New York Times, this decision has been taken in nations across the world in order to protect scarce supplies of food and commodities, with these governments desperate to secure food and other commodities for their citizens amid global shortages and rising prices. What often begins as well intended measures, export embargos often end up doing much more harm than good. Although putting them in place is a great way for a government to let its people know that they are protecting them, it is arguably little more than a knee jerk reaction. Very much like the panic-buying that stripped grocery store shelves at various moments of the pandemic, it is widely believed that the current wave of protectionism will only compound the problems that governments are trying to mitigate. In a somewhat unsurprising move given the circumstances,

G e n t l e

C l e a n

Ukraine has limited exports of sunflower oil, wheat, oats and cattle in an attempt to protect its own war-torn economic situation. Russia has also banned sales of fertiliser, sugar and grains to other nations. Indonesia, which produces more than half the world’s palm oil, has also halted outgoing shipments, whilst Turkey has stopped exports of butter, beef, lamb, goats, maize and vegetable oils.

Not just about Ukraine

Until the end of February of this year, Ukraine exported most of its goods through seaports. Since then, the country has been forced to export by train or via its small Danube River ports. Officials have estimated that up to 25 million tonnes of grain is being left to rot in Ukrainian silos and warehouses because it cannot get out of the country. The UN has said 36 countries count on Russia and Ukraine for more than half of their wheat imports, including some of the poorest and most vulnerable in the world, including Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Somalia and Democratic Republic of Congo. David Beasley, who heads the UN’s World Food Programme which feeds 125 million people and buys half its grain from Ukraine, released a direct message to Mr Putin. “If you have any heart at all, please open these ports,” he says. “This is not just about Ukraine, this is about the poorest of the poor who are on the brink of starvation as we speak.” This sentiment has also been echoed by the German foreign minister, who states that as wheat prices continue to climb, finding alternative export routes from Ukraine are urgently needed. In comments recently published by Financial Times, German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock says that the G7 group of

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industrialised nations was urgently seeking alternative routes for the export of Ukrainian grain. Speaking at the conclusion of a three-day meeting of G7 foreign ministers in Germany, Mrs Baerbock echoes Mr Beasley’s statement by referring to the many millions of tonnes of grain that is currently stuck in Ukrainian ports, adding that this is “grain that the world urgently needs, every tonne we can get out will help a bit to get to grips with this hunger crisis. In the situation we’re in, every week counts.”

Is it just the war?

Here in the UK, in addition to the pandemic we have also had to navigate the fallout from Brexit as well as various food and fuel supply issues - domestic utility bills have also recently soared skywards too. In terms of the wider global situation, the current increase is traceable back to mid-2020 when global food prices started to rise when businesses shut down due to the Covid-19 pandemic. This in turn puts strain on supply chains thus increasing demand, states a recent article published by Reuters. This period also saw farmers dumping milk and letting fruits and vegetables rot due to a lack of truckers to transport goods to supermarkets, where prices spiked as consumers stockpiled food. This was also exacerbated by a shortage of migrant labour as lockdowns restricted movement, with this having a severe and farreaching impact on crops worldwide. Throughout the pandemic, high vegetable oil prices have also helped to drive up broader food costs. Dairy and meat prices reached a record in April, according to the UN food agency, reflecting continually increasing global demand for protein and high prices for animal feed – mainly corn and soybeans. In addition, bird flu in Europe and North America impacted egg and poultry prices.

So how bad is it?

Some observers have suggested Ukraine will be lucky to export more than another one million tonnes of wheat before the season ends, although the market must also take account of the fact its shipments prior to the invasion were running well ahead of last year. Perhaps the biggest problem identified by most analysts is what happens to Ukraine’s 2022 crops. Although what is clear is that sewn area will drop in conflict zones and areas taken by Russia. Further issues, such as shortages of fuel and fertiliser, labour, as well as issues relating to damaged or otherwise unsafe 48 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

infrastructure, all do very little to arouse any optimism relating to the production outcomes of 2022. A sign that the market might have overreacted to the conflict was the rapid retreat in the CBOT price in late March/early April, the front futures month breaking US$10/bu for the first time in a month (US$9.72 at one stage). The FAO’s Food Prices Index, a measure of the most commonlytraded food commodities, fell slightly to 158.5 points in April, from March’s record high of 159.3 points. The April figure marks a 0.8% reduction in prices on month but was still 30% higher than April 2021.

Some good news…

Something that may mitigate some of the negative effects of the global food prices can be found in global production forecasts. In 2022 Europe expects a bigger rapeseed crop, with French analyst Strategie Grains estimating a potential 7.4 percent jump to around 18.2m tonnes. This optimism is tempered however, with the fact that the new season will start with global stocks at a multi-year low of less than four million tonnes – almost half the level of two years previously with Canada’s just 500,000 versus 3.44m in 2019/20. For sunflowers, hopes of supply relief at some point in the future rest almost entirely on Europe again. Last year it raised output to 10.3m tonnes from 8.85m in 2020. Whilst both rapeseed and sunflowers are grown primarily for their high oil content, they contribute as an ingredient to the global meal supply, with just under 18 percent.

World food prices - six key points

Russia's invasion of Ukraine has dramatically worsened the outlook for food prices This is likely to be the case for the next three years. The global economy is heading for a level of poor economic growth and high inflation not seen since the 1970s. supply concerns caused by the Ukraine war worsened by a number of droughts around the world Dozens of countries have thrown up trade barriers that could make things worse. The FAO’s Food Prices Index fell slightly to 158.5 points in April, from March’s record high of 159.3 points. The April figure marks a 0.8% reduction in prices on month but was still 30% higher than April 2021.


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plastic Notes from the latest OcrimWebinar:


‘What sieve suits you better?’ by Andrew Wilkinson, Milling and Grain magazine ith the aim of achieving effective management and proper operation of machines, the end of April 2022 sees Ocrim return to our screens with the latest in its series of webinars dedicated to maintenance and

automation. Presented by Sergio Manfredini, Milling Technologist at Ocrim, together with Nicola Riboldi, Mechanical Department Engineer at the company, ‘Ocrim Tips - What sieve suits you better?’ sought to help viewers to discover the company’s range of sieves, as well as presenting the advantages of its antimicrobial model. Although broadcast entirely in Italian, the webinar was simultaneously translated into English, Spanish and French, with viewers able to select their chosen language translation via a drop down menu. Having viewed the webinar myself, I can provide personal testimony that the translation kept pace and was clear, with very few gaps. The first section of the webinar sees Nicola Riboldi analyse the differences and benefits of using Ocrim’s plastic sieves compared to traditional wooden sieves coated with formica. “This will help us to better understand the differences and the benefits from the technological point of view, and also for considering the field experience,” he begins. “I will tell you about the aspects characterising the sieves from the technical and construction points of view.”

In favour of plastic

The subject of food sanitation continues to have a huge influence on the choice of materials deemed suitable for food contact. In fact, in the last few years Ocrim has invested 50 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

generously in research and development in order to identify the most appropriate materials in the market for food contact to use when designing its own machines. In the case of this webinar, which focuses on what Mr Riboldi describes as being the “heart of a mill,” Ocrim has decided to change from sieves made of wood coated with Formica to plastic alternatives. “When we talk about plastic nowadays, we refer to a broad world diversified world,” states Mr Riboldi. After research and development investments, Ocrim has decided to focus on two plastic types. The first of these options is a so-called ‘green plastic’ that is light brown in colour, whilst the other is a ‘antimicrobial’ plastic. The key differences and benefits of using plastic sieves compared to previous models is often difficult to discern. This is because plan sifters were previously viewed as being very reliable as they would be worked for years and wouldn't leak. Although the Formica would eventually be broken or worn down under the stress of the operation. This degradation leads to parts of the coating coming in contact with the flour, making contamination possible. With the new generation of plastics, the entire sieve is made from the same material, vastly reducing the risk of this occurring. Therefore, even if the material is damaged during maintenance, the product remains the same. This is because with plastic, the flour will always be in contact with the same material, so there is a lower risk of contamination. Wood is also a living and reactive medium, so it reacts with environmental conditions and on many occasions, we have hot and humid conditions in sifters. These factors can also cause the wood to deform and when this happens, we get cracks between the frame and the sieve. When these cracks open and fill with flour, this facilitates the contamination of flour. Whereas, on plastic sieves, we have a much more stable material, which is not deformed by temperature or humidity,


whilst the welding on the sides makes this product nondeformable and the infiltration problem is also solved.

Antimicrobial vs non-antimicrobial plastic

From a technical point of view, these plastics can be divided into two kinds of material. The first of these is a composite, which essentially means it consists of fibres and layers, combined together with binders like resins or glues. Plastic is also a homogeneous material, meaning that it is characterised by the presence of a consistent molecular structure in all of its points. These physical and mechanical characteristics are also distributed throughout a plastic structure, which is the key difference between wood and plastic. Unlike its wooden counterpart, once a plastic sieve is operating, it is not worn down through time. Therefore, the plastic sieve is not as affected by wear and it is not affected by products like flour. There is also a much lower risk of contamination to the food products flour. The difference between non-antimicrobial plastic or green plastic and antimicrobial plastic, is much more subtle than wood and plastic. Firstly, the substantial difference is that in antimicrobial plastic, there is an addition of an antimicrobial substance ingredient, which is used to delay formation of mould, which is permeated into the plastic structure. This essentially allows a number of advantages including the ease of repeatability in the manufacturing of plastic pieces and parts, so the efficiency of production increases. This also allows and increases the precision accuracy of a finished piece of plastic, which is made on one machine tool. In the case of antimicrobial plastic, we can also reduce the required frequency that the sifters need to be cleaned. So, because of these new innovative materials, we can delay the formation of moulds and bacteria, reducing both the risk of contamination and labour lost to sieve frame cleaning.

A noticeable increase in efficiency

Staying on the subject of frame cleaning, Sergio Manfredini takes over presenting duties from his colleague to tackle the subject. “Concerning the choice of injectors for cleaners on

the frame, in my opinion the choice is quite easy,” begins Mr Manfredini. “As many of you have seen when you open a sifter, you'll find a mash of flour products in there for weeks or months, or tip tops that are worn down, this is normal.” Therefore, remedying this situation by cleaning it and changing the sieve cleaners becomes “quite a long complex operation.” According to Mr Manfredini, Ocrim has solved this problem. This has been achieved by first limiting the places for the mash to accumulate, thus removing this source of contamination. The replacement of cleaners has become quite easy during any regular cleaning, with the operation required to complete this task made much simpler. The company has also established that for finer flour, cotton tip top cleaners were more effective than plastic tops. Something else that Mr Manfredini describes as being important for the new substances is the chosen frame shape. In the case of wooden frames, the company was often working with what we couldn't see as the frame was inside a sealed case. This situation was especially problematic as deformation would occur and cracks would open. Although measures were put into place ensuring that the seal was preserved, after time they became less efficient and the flour could be contaminated more frequently. Ocrim’s new L shaped frame, which sits between the seats and creates a labyrinth, the product cannot be contaminated. With a cleaner injector, the company has also been able to reduce the height of the seat by 10mm. Thanks to this adjustment, in all of the 30 sieves in a typical plant sector, such a large space has been created that we can now add two or even three more sieves. This means that the operational surface increases without the need for more mesh, whilst efficiency is also noticeably increased. Following a lengthy and conscientiously addressed question and answer session with Sergio Manfredini and Nicola Riboldi, the ‘Ocrim Tips - What sieve suits you better?’ webinar was brought to a close. To keep up to date with the latest news from the OcrimWebinar team, be sure to visit its website at: Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 53


Wet vs dry

Understanding the difference between the two rice flour milling methods


by Maxtex, Thailand

roducing Rice Flour through wet milling & dry milling are two of the most commonly used techniques, with the processing of the grain commonly divided into these two categories. This article also touches on semi-drying milling, but the main focus is to explore & compare the two most common techniques. To understand the difference between the two, and the challenges that are involved in the milling process, an understanding of the basics is a good place to start.

54 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

What is rice flour milling?

The use of mechanical energy to break down rice grains through various mechanical accessories including grinding, pegs, rods, pebbles and screens. When the rice varieties are moved through the mill, the mill’s components act on the solids in the mixture to tear them apart or crush them, further reducing them in size. The rice milling process helps to maximise the yield of the mix’s ingredients and can improve the resulting product’s functionality as well. For example, milling can help improve colour development, properties, and product flow.

The difference between wet & dry

Now that we have a basic understanding of the Rice Flour Milling process, let’s examine the difference between wet milling and dry milling. Dry milling typically uses particle-on-particle contact to reduce materials’ size, while wet milling involves dispersing the material in a liquid and using solid, grinding elements to reduce size. Rice varieties can be broken down through either one of these processes, but wet milling, which we’ll discuss first, tends to be a more intensive process than dry milling. Wet milling, also known as wet grinding, is decanted to obtain wet flour after which it is dried in hot air before sieving to desired particle size. Once the milling process is complete, these particles are ready for use or can be dried and separated for incorporation into additional products. Wet milling is more complex than dry milling, thanks to the addition of a liquid, but this process also has the power to reduce a product into finer particles. This allows for the production of a greater variety of byproducts and also can result in improved physical properties in the final product. By contrast, dry milling utilises no liquid element, and is most

F frequently used for the particle size reduction of dry materials like powders and granules, or de-agglomerating and de-lumping bulk materials. While dry milling is a less intensive process, which often makes it the first method considered, wet milling is the best and most efficient way to get to the preferred Rice Flour particle size.

The science of wet & dry milling

In order to successfully incorporate rice or its flour into products, the properties of the material have to be known as they will affect product qualities, consistency and also lead to good consumer satisfaction. Factors influencing the physicochemical properties of rice flour include rice genotype (Iturriaga et al., 2004), amylose content (Varavinit et al, 2003), protein content (Marco and Rosell, 2008) and milling method (Suksomboon and Naivikul, 2006). Rice flour is generally manufactured using wet-milling method as it is believed to yield flour with superior quality. Chen et al (1999) studied the physicochemical and functional properties of waxy rice flour prepared from dry-milling, semi-dry-milling, and wet-milling methods, and indicated that dry hammer-milled rice shows higher gelatinisation and pasting temperatures, and semidry- milled rice results in the lowest pasting temperature, setback viscosity and enthalpy value. Hammer and semi-dry hammer milled rice gives higher percentages of coarse particles (100–300 μm), cyclone and turbo milled rice leads to a more even particle-size distribution, and the wet-milled rice gives the finest particles (10–30 μm). The dry-milled rice flour is reported to have more damaged pubblicità italiana_MOD.pdf












Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 55

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starch, thus giving better solubility, and lower peak and final viscosities. Therefore, the final quality of rice flour is profoundly affected by the milling type and milling method. Provided that the physical and functional properties of both drymilled and wet-milled rice flour are thoroughly deciphered, they can both find application in the food industry. This study aimed to investigate the physical and chemical properties of flour from several rice varieties as affected by drymilling and wet-milling methods.

Rice materials

This study used nine Thai rice varieties, Ayutthaya 1 (AY1), Plai Ngahm Prachin Buri (PNG), Prachin Buri 1 (PB1), Prachin Buri 2 (PB2), Rice Department 45 (RD45) (from Prachin Buri Rice Research Center in Thailand, harvested during March, 2011), Khao Dawk Mali 105 (K105; from Pathum Thani Rice Research Center in Thailand, harvested during December, 2010), Shaw Lung 97 (SL97; from Pattani Rice Research Center in Thailand, harvested during March, 2011), Rice Department 41 (RD41) and

Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 57


Figure 1: Chemical compositions of dry- and wet-milled rice flour

Rice Department 47 (RD47) (from Phitsanulok Rice Research Center in Thailand, harvested during November, 2010 The rice samples were obtained as milled rice. All samples were stored at 4°C until further analyses.

Dry-milling process

Milled rice grains (500g) were ground twice using a vertical disc mill. Flour samples were sealed in polypropylene plastic bags and stored in a desiccator at room temperature until further analyses. Approximately 1kg milled rice was soaked overnight in 2L NaHSO3 solution (1.25%) before it was ground using a stonemill under continuous addition of water to obtain rice slurry. The slurry was filtered through a filter bag to obtain rice cake. The cake was dried overnight in a tray dryer at 40°C. The dried rice flour was ground and sieved through a 100-mesh sifter. Flour samples were packed in polypropylene plastic bags and stored in a desiccator at room temperature for further use (Varavinit et al, 2003).

Chemical Compositions of Milled Rice

Moisture content of the milled rice from different varieties

ranged from 11.1% to 12.7%. Fat content varied from 0.31% to 1.86%. Among the nine varieties, RD47 showed the highest protein content (10.7%) and SL97 showed the lowest protein content (6.3%) (P ≤ 0.05). Ash content ranged from 0.18% to 0.79%. Carbohydrate content and crude fiber of milled rice varied between 92.5% to 87.7% and 0.11% to 0.46%, respectively. The rice varieties could be classified into two groups, low amylose rice with amylose content of 17.9%–18.4% (RD45 and K105) and high amylose rice with amylose content of 29.5%–36.5% (AY1, PNG, PB1, PB2, SL97, RD41 and RD47).

Effects of milling on physicochemical properties

Chemical compositions of dry- and wet-milled rice flour are shown in Figure 1. Both dry and wet milling caused significant differences in flour composition. Wet-milled rice flour showed lower protein and ash contents but higher carbohydrate content in all the nine genotypes. Almost all the nine rice genotypes except RD41 showed lower lipid content under wet-milled treatment than under dry-milled treatment. Sources: Science Direct:

Summary: Wet milled rice flour has…

1. A much longer shelf life (generally 2 years), due to the removal of impurities whereas dry milled doesn’t have a thorough cleaning process which results in a shelf-life of 6 – 12 months. Additionally, wet milled flour hygiene is greater with fewer impurities. 2. The power to reduce a product into finer particles (approx. 100 mesh). This allows for the production of a greater variety of applications and also can result in improved physical properties in the final product. Dry milled particle size is approximately 60 mesh. 3. A much lower ash content whereas a higher ash content in dry milled rice flour makes it less attractive. 4. Slightly less amylose content which is associated with lower blood glucose levels and slower emptying of human gastrointestinal tract compared to those with higher levels of amylose such as dry milled rice flour.

58 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain


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Keeping overheads down through the use of supplements

by Lukas Bauer, Manager Technical Consultancy, Evonik, Germany

eed has always been the biggest production cost faced by poultry farmers and recent rises in global prices, combined with supply volatility, mean that producers are now having to look harder for ways to maintain their margins. The situation is particularly acute because the current global shortage of grain and seed oil stocks has not been matched by a proportional rise in meat prices, and the situation does not look likely to be reversed in the near future. The challenge facing nutritionists and poultry producers is how to maintain animal performance, meat quality and revenues by keeping feed costs down.

Non-starch-polysaccharide-degrading enzymes

One obvious solution is to get more energy out of the same amount of feed. Non-starch-polysaccharide-degrading enzymes (NSPases) are one approach that has been shown to have the potential to do just that. These enzymes, derived from bacteria and fungi, can be added to feed to help breakdown soluble NSPs and release energy that would otherwise not be available to the bird. Unfortunately, NSPases have a number of inherent drawbacks. Although they are present in most plant material used in animal feeds, the amount varies considerably between cereal sources and from harvest to harvest. So, deciding how much NSPase to add to each feed batch to give the best return on investment is not 60 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

always straightforward. NSPs consist of pentose and hexose sugars combined in different ways to produce a family of complex polymers such as xylans and glucans. The action of NSPases is very specific, so an enzyme that breaks down xylans will not degrade glucans. So again, to be optimally effective, you need to know the exact types and amounts of NSP in any given feed source, so the optimal types and amounts of NSPase can be added. Finally, the NSP content of maize/corn is relatively low, so the potential for increased energy yield from feeds based on these raw materials is relatively limited.

Guanidinoacetic acid

Over the past decade commercial trials have shown that Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) supplementation to the feed increases the energy efficiency of broilers. The results have shown that bird performance can be maintained, even when the energy value of the diet is reduced by up to 100 kcal AMEn (N-corrected apparent metabolisable energy)/kg below breeder recommendations when supplemented with 0.06 percent GAA. This is equivalent to between 83,000 and 166,000 kcal AMEn/kg GAA. Unlike NSPase, which is active in the gut where it facilitates the digestion of soluble NSPs, GAA acts at a more fundamental, cellular level, and therefore its energy sparing effect is not influenced in the same way by the feed composition. GAA is a precursor of creatine which is an energy carrier and energy buffer and therefore an essential part of many biochemical

F reactions in many different tissues, especially in muscle. Creatine is essential for healthy muscle function and growth, especially in birds that are growing quickly. Modern, vegetable based broiler diets contain very little creatine, and so birds have to rely mostly on creatine that is synthesized by the body from the precursor GAA. Poultry can synthesise some of this GAA themselves from the amino acids glycine and arginine, but not enough to meet all their needs; the rest has to be obtained from the diet. Supplementing the diet with GAA can fill the gap and increases creatine concentration which improves the efficiency of energy usage and spares glycine and arginine in the diet for other bodily functions. So why not cut out the middleman and just add creatine to the diet? This approach has been tried but is unfortunately not very practical because the thermal stability of creatine is not as good as GAA and, crucially, it is more expensive.

Energy sparing

A recent trial, published in British Poultry Science in 2022, confirmed that GAA 600g/t added to a wheat/barley/soybean mealbased diet can offset the loss of performance induced by lowering the energy value of broiler feed (Pirgozliev V et al. 2022). The study followed 1280 one-day-old Ross 308 broilers to day 42 on commercial AMEn levels of 12.55 MJ/kg, 12.97 MJ/

kg and 13.18 MJ/kg in their starter, grower and finisher diets respectively. Birds were divided into four groups: positive controls received the standard diets (PC); group two received the PC diet but with 0.21 MJ/Kg less energy content (NC1); group three the NC1 diet plus 0.06% GAA (NC1 + GAA); and the final group PC diet with 0.42 MJ/Kg less energy plus 0.06% GAA (NC2 + GAA). The energy content was reduced by decreasing the amount of soybean oil and wheat while increasing barley. At day 42, birds fed the ‘energy reduced’, non-GAA, diet had a lower weight gain compared to all other diets and a significantly lower final body weight compared to birds that received GAA supplementation. GAA fed birds also had a significantly higher poultry efficiency factor than those that received a calorie-reduced diet but no GAA (EPEF is calculated by the mean grams gained per day, multiplied by the percentage survival rate and divided by the FCR x 10). The authors concluded their results implied that “lower









Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 61

F performance induced by a reduction of dietary AMEn in the range of 0.21 to 0.42 MJ/Kg was more than compensated by supplementing 600 g/t GAA to the feed.” Based on the results of the Pirgozliev study, with the energy sparing of GAA it would be possible to save between €2 and €7 (US$2.08 and US$7.29) per tonne of feed – i.e. about 1 to 2.4% of the total feed cost. As might be expected, simply reducing the energy content of feed like in the NC1 treatment reduced the feed costs by more than adding the GAA supplement like in NC1 + GAA. However, when feed costs and animal performance were both included in the cost calculations, income over feed cost improved by 3% in the NC1 + GAA group compared to the PC and by 2.6% compared to the NC1 diet. Feed costs of the NC2 + GAA diets were the lowest compared to all other diets in the trial even though GAA was supplemented. The further reduction of 50 kcal AMEn/kg compared to NC1 was reducing the diet cost more than the GAA supplementation of 0.06%. Additionally, the income over feed cost in the NC2+ GAA groups was the highest as the performance of the birds fed the NC2+ GAA diets was not significantly different compared to the PC and the NC1 + GAA treatments and significantly improved compared to the NC1 treatment (Figure 1). The above results confirm those of a similar trial of 11,400 Ross 308 birds in commercial conditions which found that GAA supplementation (0.06%) significantly improved final bodyweight and FCR by 1.77 and 1.66% respectively in fast-growing modern broilers (Ceylan et al, 2021).

Return on investment

Simply reducing the energy content in poultry feeds may not

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be a viable option for cost-saving in feed formulation. Assuming that energy is the most limiting factor in the feed, poultry will eat to meet the energy needs and lowering energy will result in increased feed conversion. Previous studies have suggested that the increase in feed conversion is the response of the broilers adjusting their feed intake and energy expenditure to maintain energy balance and body weight. Therefore, reducing dietary energy without negatively affecting performance and still generating an economic return requires an additional strategy. An economical solution that enables a reduction in the energy value of the diet while maintaining bird performance is the dietary supplementation of GAA. In this context, a recent study with GuanAMINO® supplementation showed an energy-sparing of 57, 79 and 91 kcal/kg in starter, grower and finisher diet respectively. This result confirms what we know about the energy sparing potential of GAA which can be from 50 kcal up to 100 kcal/ kg feed. Considering the energy matrix of GuanAMINO in feed formulation can contribute to significantly decrease the inclusion of oil, which can be quite expensive in the feeds. At a time when the cost of feed is high, the returns for any supplement that enables a reduction in the energy content of the diet while maintaining bird performance is likely to be worth evaluating. For instance, a saving of just US$0.02 per kg liveweight for a 25,000 bird house with a 34 day growing period and 2.25kg weight gain is equivalent to an increased profit of around US$1125 per cycle. GAA could provide some of the savings that producers are looking for as feed prices remain high.


Rendering The unsung hero of sustainability


by Anna D Wilkinson, Director of Communications, North American Renderers Association, USA

f you walk up to a stranger on the street and ask them what rendering is, you’ll probably get one of a few responses – ‘architectural or artistic rendering’ or ‘digital graphics rendering’, and for those wanting to get fancy, they might say it means to represent something in an artistic work (as in; ‘The sketch was rendered in charcoal’). But the responses you’ll barely ever get are ‘A highly sustainable and climate smart practice utilised in the agriculture industry,’ and ‘The original recycling’– yet both of these descriptions are 100 percent correct. In fact, those last two are also the most sustainable. The exception being if you’re rendering your sculpture out of recyclable material, in which case kudos; but unless you’re using billions of pounds of otherwise wasted material for that (rather large) sculpture, let’s talk about agricultural rendering – or as I like to call it: the unsung hero of sustainability.

What is rendering?

For clarity, agricultural rendering will be referred to as ‘rendering’ throughout this article. In short: rendering is recycling. Roughly 50 percent of an animal is considered inedible by North Americans. This leaves a lot of leftover material (i.e., ‘the meat we don’t eat’) that would end up as food waste were it not for rendering. Rendering reclaims this otherwise wasted material (like protein, bone, fat etc.), as well as used cooking oil (UCO) from restaurants, and safely and hygienically processes it into rendered material for use in new products – so nothing is wasted. This rendering process transforms and upcycles what would have been food waste into safe, clean, and valuable ingredients for countless new goods – saving landfill space, and recycling 99 percent of this unwanted material. These rendered ingredients are 64 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

then used in the sustainable production of new goods like safe and nutritious pet food and animal feed, household and industrial products, biofuels, renewable diesel, and many more common items that we use or come into contact with every day. Rendered fat alone is used to safely produce a multitude of common items including candles, detergents, fabric softener, deodorant, shaving cream, perfume, crayons, paint, lubricant, plastics, waterproofing materials, cement, ceramics, chalk, matches, antifreeze, insulation, linoleum, textiles, soap, rubber items like tires, and even fireworks. Rendering also helps customers and consumers feel confident they’re making a sustainable choice when they purchase items made with this upcycled rendered material. Additionally, by rendering these otherwise wasted parts of an animal, we demonstrate respect and resourcefulness for the livestock that were raised with care by farmers, and respect for the animal itself. This is achieved by ensuring everything is used for a purpose – so no part of that animal goes to waste. This is of great ethical importance to me personally, and many others who choose to eat meat.

A brief history

The word render comes from the French verb rendre, meaning ‘to give back.’ This is an apt definition. ‘Rendering is Recycling’ isn’t just a catchy phrase - countless new goods are produced by using upcycled rendered material - so rendering really is (in the literal definition of the term) recycling. Another motto commonly used in our industry is that renderers are ‘The Original Recyclers,’ and this is not hyperbole - rendering has existed for centuries and is one of the oldest ‘recycling’ practices. At its start, rendering was used primarily for soap and candle making, mostly done in a kettle over an open fire. Further developments to the process in the 19th century enabled


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F Why so sustainable?

family-owned renderers and packers to produce both edible and inedible products. Though the rendering industry continued on steadily (and quietly) for years to come, one example of the power of rendering’s sustainability can be seen during times of war. An example of this is the American Fat salvage. During World War II, American housewives were urged to save and turn in their used cooking grease so it could be utilised by US Armed Services to produce explosives for the war effort. During that time, they saved and turned in nearly 700 million pounds of fat. In 1947 alone, household recovery exceeded 114 million pounds – that’s almost 10 million pounds a month.

According to data published in 2020, more than 62 billion pounds of raw materials are produced in the US and Canada annually. Rendering that material produces approximately 31.4 billion pounds of rendered products each year and keeps it out of landfills. As many know, landfill space is precious, so rendering this material instead of throwing it away extends the lifespan of the space we do have. In fact, were it not for rendering, and that material was instead treated as waste – all available landfill space would be full in approximately four years. In addition to the reduction of food waste and saved landfill










Reduced food waste

Roughly 50% of each meat animal wasted

62 billion pounds of food waste diverted from landfills

All U.S. landfills full in roughly 4 years

3.7 billion gallons of clean water reclaimed and returned to rivers and streams

Wasted water: not cleaned or returned to waterways & contaminated water: if animal leftovers sent to landfill

Fewer greenhouse gas emissions (5 times more GHGs sequestered than produced)

Lost environmental benefits for animal agriculture (less GHG reduction)

Lower carbon emissions from biodiesel and renewable diesel (80% less than petroleum diesel)


Increased carbon emissions from less environmentally friendly fuels

DID YOU KNOW THAT RENDERING... • Is a financially stable and sustainable industry with a $10 billion annual economic contribution. • Helps contribute to food security through the production of livestock feed and fertilizer. • Supports thousands of full time jobs with benefits, many in rural America. NORTH AMERICAN RENDERERS ASSOCIATION 500 Montgomery St, Suite 310, Alexandria, VA 22314 • (703) 683-0155 •

Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 67

F space, renderers actually feed and grow the next generation of food by ‘recycling’ that unwanted meat and using the rendered material for animal feed and fertiliser. This act of recycling is, in its truest form, quite literally perpetuating the agricultural ‘circle of life.’ Rendering also helps to minimise and offset the environmental impacts of animal agriculture – shrinking our food production footprint. Rendering reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 72% and fossil fuel use by 80% (when compared to petroleum diesel) and avoids at least 90% of the potential GHG emissions compared with industrial composting. In other words, rendering is the GHG reduction equivalent of removing 18.5 million cars off the road each year. Another little-known fact about rendering is it recovers and returns valuable water that would otherwise be wasted or contaminated. Billions of gallons of water are reclaimed during the rendering process, which is then released back into the environment, returned as clean water to local rivers and streams; and that water meets or exceeds federal, state, and local safety standards when it is returned. Renderers helps improve existing water quality too, without their pickup of UCO and cooking grease from restaurants, that material might end up down the drain. Rendering it instead saves municipal sewer and wastewater systems from becoming clogged. This helps prevent fouled and contaminated water quality and saves millions of dollars in damage needing repairs from broken sewer lines and sewage back up. So, rendering reduces food waste, saves landfill space, reduces GHG, reclaims and returns clean water, sustainably and nutritiously feeds our pets, and countless recycled products (including biodiesel) are made possible by rendering. That’s an impressive sustainability CV, and certainly new information to many, but the term sustainability doesn’t just mean environmentally sustainable.

The three pillars

Although environmental sustainability is likely our most prevalent depiction of the term, there are three pillars that, when combined, support sustainability as a whole. These three pillars are: environmental, economic, and social and are best visualised as just that – pillars. All three equally important, each pillar bears weight so combined they uphold the true and complete concept of sustainability as a whole. Although rendering’s environmental sustainability benefits are widespread (that is the focus of this article after all), the economic and social benefits of rendering are truly behemoth and deserve recognition for their critical role of helping to support rendering’s overall sustainability. Rendering is a financially sound and community-focused industry, and employee retention rates remain high as renderers offer career stability and a commitment to community support. As mentioned above, the very act of rendering what would have been food waste and converting it into new products helps customers to be more sustainable, while also providing

thousands of full-time, stable jobs that support families and local communities from coast to coast, in America and Canada, many in rural areas; and due to the raw and perishable nature of the material being rendered – these are local jobs that will stay local. Renderers also contribute greatly to their neighborhoods and wider communities, from supporting the local little league and fire department, to large-scale community outreach events to help feed and support those in need. Renderers are deeply rooted in social sustainability and community support. And though many rendering plants are family owned and operated (and have been for generations), larger rendering companies remain dedicated to and passionate about providing community care and outreach. Plant owners also invest considerably in improvements and enhancements to sustainability efforts, ensuring their facilities remain as climate smart and environmentally responsible as possible. And of course, with an annual contribution of $10 billion (as of 2020), the economic sustainability and financially solidity of the rendering industry directly supports the stability of careers, and ability to contribute so greatly to their communities. The important balance and equality of the three pillars is that they all work together, building off each other.

The importance of education

Although education on rendering’s sustainability benefits has increased in recent years, there is a reason that all the possible answers from my earlier query covered every definition of rendering except agricultural – and that is due in part to the limited amount of rendering education that’s historically been available. In a time when all three pillars of sustainability are increasingly more important to consumers and the public at large, the rendering industry is expanding their communication about just how important rendering is to the sustainability and reduced food waste conversation. Through education, we can finally help to sing rendering’s praises for all it’s important sustainability benefits. In an effort to increase this awareness and educate the public, NARA recently rebranded to highlight rendering’s sustainability benefits – from our mission statement to our tagline (‘Reclaiming Resources, Sustainably’). We launched a rendering podcast (aptly titled ‘The Invisible Industry’) and produced new educational infographics – the kind you could hand to that stranger on the street and help them easily understand why rendering is vital to sustainability. NARA’s redesigned website is also consumer friendly, with resources that can be easily shared. Sustainability, like rendering, is not one dimensional or singular; it is multi-faceted and layered. Educating more people to understand why rendering is so critical to the reduced food waste and sustainability discussion is a valuable tool to gain support for overall sustainability goals.

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CTthS DU RO EDerP BngAChEineNseRmaICnuH GA factur s & consumers wi ovidi


Pr acid a safe supply of the non-protein amino ment Office, Satake, Japan

by Hongjin Liu, PhD, International Manage

s society and the economy have developed in China, living standards have continued to improve. Dietary quality has seen a marked increase globally. Before these developments, people were only hoping to be satiated - now they are wanting foods to have a good appearance, satisfying taste, and high nutritional value. The modern world has also given many people stressful and busy lives. This has led to a large market for products both illicit and licit to relieve these symptoms. However, many drugs and pharmaceuticals can do great harm to the human body, and so people continue to seek out natural ingredients in foods to help them leader healthier and happier lives. In our field, we focus on the functionality of GABA. Since its introduction to the market, China has enacted laws and standards which seek to guide industry in how to supplement GABA in their products. With the increasing demand for such products, the GABA processing industry has emerged.

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GABA and its physiological & psychological effects

Also known as γ-aminobutyric acid (4-Aminobutyric acid), GABA is a non-protein amino acid. It is widely found in animals, plants, and microorganisms, and is an important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. GABA’s molecular formula is C4H9NO2 and its molecular weight is 103.12. It’s easily soluble in water with a pH value of 7.0-8.0. Its melting point is 195 degrees Celsius and it decomposes at 202 degrees Celsius. It has no smell and tastes slightly acidic. Pure GABA is a white crystalline powder. Various studies have also found that GABA lowers blood pressure, relieves menopausal disorders, calms the mind, relieves insomnia, and improves the overall functioning of the autonomic nervous system. As such, a daily intake of 26.4 – 70.0 mg of GABA is effective in calming the mind, and a daily intake of 10 – 80 mg is effective in lowering high blood pressure.

specifying the main physical and chemical indicators of GABA rice, wheat, barley and bean products, as detailed in Table 1.

Why ingest GABA from grains and legumes?

GABA is contained naturally in fermented foods, vegetables, fruits, etc. However, there is no way to achieve

GABA-related laws and standards

In the Chinese Ministry of Health Announcement No. 12 of 2009, GABA was approved as a new food resource in accordance with the Food Safety Law and the Measures for the Administration of New Resource Foods. The Chinese Cereals and Oils Association (CCOA) officially implemented the standard T/CCOA 42-2021 "Cereals and pulses products enriched with γ-aminobutyric acid" on August 1st, 2021,




Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 71

F a high daily intake by only eating these foods. For this reason, if one wishes to consume the required daily intake of GABA, you must look to grains and legumes. China has a variety of staple foods including rice, wheat, and corn, as well as cereals and beans. China’s production of mixed cereals and beans is about 20 million tons per year, accounting for about 10% of the world’s total production. In recent years, these products have been included in the national agricultural planting structure, which can be used to predict certain market scales and prospects.

Enriched GABA processing and ways of consumption

Without further processing and enrichment, the GABA contents of consumed cereals and legumes do not meet the required daily functional intake. Through reasonable control of product processing, GABA content can be increased, helping people to meet their daily needs. For a producer to enrich their product with GABA, it is a simple process. A machine called a GABA enrichment device is required, which pre-processes the product before normal processing steps of milling, sorting, weighing, and packaging are done. Different raw materials and their GABA contents before and after enrichment are shown below in Figure 2. It can be seen that for grains and legumes suitable for processing, the GABA enrichment unit can be used to obtain products with

more desirable GABA values which meet the CCOA standards discussed previously.

Generally, GABA products are consumed in the following ways: 1. As a staple grain

GABA rice and GABA brown rice, like any ordinary grain products, are distributed in bags, cooked, and consumed.

2. As a food additive

GABA enhanced beans are usually distributed in small packages of pellets or vacuum packed and consumed in combination with staple foods. They can also be found in the form of raw or cooked flour. The raw flour can be used as an ingredient when making foods and snacks, and the cooked flour can be consumed directly after being brewed with boiling water.

3. As a blend of grains

A variety of grains and legumes are mixed in certain ratios and packaged as multi-grain rice. Examples include five-grain rice and sixteen-grain rice. Including GABA enriched grains can be used to improve the functionality and added values of these blended products.

Functionality of GABA enriched foods

As mentioned previously, increased daily intake of GABA contributes to relieving many adverse symptoms like stress and high blood pressure. Using the GABA values of the CCOA standards as a yardstick, we can find how much of each GABA enriched grain must be consumed to meet required daily intakes. For quality control of processed products, GABA values can be measured using the GABAlyzer as shown in Figure 3. Satake has developed a measuring standard for rice, brown rice, barley, pinto beans and mung beans to visualise their GABA values. As a product testing service, we can provide manufacturers and consumers with a safe and secure product quality control mechanism which can help to meet the CCOA Group GABA standards.

Future market outlook

The Chinese market currently has many levels of consumption. While some consumers are only looking for satiety, an increasing proportion of others are looking for foods which meet higher standards of appearance, taste, and nutritional value. Since 2020, with China’s per capita GDP exceeding US$10,000 for the first time, a new era of delicious and healthy food has come. Especially in metropolitan areas and economically developed southeast coastal areas, this desire for quality and added value will lead the trend of consumption. This is a challenge and opportunity for food manufacturers and partners like us. By continuing to improve and develop added-value products like GABA enriched grains, we hope to meet consumer needs, promote product popularity, and further develop the added-value industry. Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 73



Preparing for harvest


Safe, effective grain storage is key to assuring crop quality

by Andrew Wilkinson, Milling and Grain magazine

ith harvest just around the corner now is a good time to ensure that your grain storage facilities are prepared for harvest. This is because, as is proven every year, safe, effective grain storage is key to assuring crop quality. When coupled with a little cooperation from Mother Nature, growing a crop takes good management. Whilst we can't control the weather, we are able to have a profound influence on whether the grain that we harvest is kept in good condition – from when it is harvested, right up until when it is either fed or sold. Now, grain store preparation is probably amongst the least glamorous jobs on an arable farm, although in many cases, it’s one of the most crucial. That is largely because investing a significant amount of time and money to produce tonnes of grain, only to see a proportion of it lost or downgraded to a lower-value specification due to poor grain store management. This scenario, where grain is lost through bad practice, is not only incredibly frustrating, but it is also easily avoided through a

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series of simple and easy to follow measures. Good storage, good price Although the claim that the quality of your storage procedure and equipment is directly correlated with the price it sells for does sound like a rather brave one, every year it is proven to be true in most cases. On the other hand, producing a good crop, only to have its condition deteriorate in storage, is also an unnecessary loss of income - which in a normal financial climate, let alone the volatile current one, is a concern that all of us should prioritise. So why do we store grain and risk it perishing in the first place? Well, compared with selling grain at, or near harvest time, grain sold at a later date usually receives a higher price (providing market specifications are met). It’s very simple supply and demand economics. In most cases, feed wheat sold for a November movement attracts a UK£4/tonne (UK£1 = US$1.26) premium over the harvest price, with May movement providing a further UK£7/ tonne, with these economic incentives meaning that grain is often stored for long periods, prior to being processed. That said, the risk taken often justifies the reward as during this


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F time, grain quality and safety may deteriorate without appropriate intervention and insects and mites are also likely to be introduced from the store structure and equipment. This is because even small quantities of grain provide a food source, allowing pest problems to spiral out of control very quickly, whilst the same can also be said for rodent populations. However, cleaning alone does not eliminate all pests in empty stores, nor will pesticide treatment.

Grain remains a ‘living’ crop

According to The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB), the key to safe storage of grain is to use an integrated pest management (IPM) approach to prevent, monitor/ detect and control any issues. Where possible, an industrial vacuum cleaner should be used to remove debris, paying special attention to clear out harderto-reach areas. Your conveyor system may also be harbouring surprisingly large amounts of the storage fungus Penicillium verrucosum too. Best practice is also to ensure that any collected rubbish, including the contents of the vacuum-cleaner, is removed and disposed of safely, sustainably and well away from your storage facility. If you decide to use chemicals, always read the label first to ensure that you only use appropriate food-approved disinfectant/ sanitiser and leave for long enough for it to dry before storing grain. The permitted cleaning products and previous store uses may depend on supply chain restrictions – check for approval and suitability before use. We should also bear in mind that following its harvest, grain remains a ‘living’ crop – it respires and is susceptible to infection by moulds and infestation by pests. It is important to monitor

temperature and moisture content, and to use targets to inform store management. It is important to understand and manage the quality of your grain. As part of this, accurate sampling is required to guide management and provide a robust record of all the grain that leaves the farm. If precautions and safety are not first and foremost in everything we do, then farming is potentially a very dangerous occupation. It is very easy to take for granted slip into autopilot when the actions that we perform every day become exactly that. For this reason, a regular review of safety procedures is very important – not only to make sure everyone is aware of what they are but also to remind ourselves and our colleagues why they are there in the first place. Harvest is an exciting time for everyone, but please, take the time to plan every step of the way and come home safe to your loved ones.

About AHDB

Created in the UK using powers granted under the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006, The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) is a levy board funded by farmers and growers and some other parts of the supply chain. The organisation aims to enhance farm business efficiency and competitiveness in the areas of: pig, beef and lamb production in England; milk, potatoes and horticulture in Great Britain; and cereals and oilseeds in the United Kingdom. It achieves this goal by undertaking research and development and farm-level knowledge transfer activity, providing essential market information to improve supply chain transparency and undertaking marketing promotion activities to help stimulate demand and to develop export markets. These are activities which most individual farm businesses could not afford to do themselves.

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International Grains Council - Grain Market Report – May 2022 The world 2021/22 total grains (wheat and coarse grains) production forecast is boosted by 3m t m/m (month-on-month), to a record 2291m, mainly because of an upgrade for maize. With increased consumption, cumulative world ending stocks (aggregate of respective local marketing years) are seen slightly lower than before. The outlook for global trade (Jul/Jun) is unchanged m/m, at 416m t (million tonnes), down by 10m y/y (year-on-year). Including sizeable reductions for maize and wheat, the projection for global total grains output in 2022/23 is 24m t below the April report. With forecast consumption lowered by almost the same amount, the world carryout estimate is down by 1m t from before. Mostly because of a reduction for maize, total trade volumes are projected 3m t lower, at 404m, marking a second successive y/y decline. Milling and Grain is attending the Reflecting a reduced figure for total use, the forecast for 2022 IGC Conference 2021/22 soyabean stocks is lifted by 1m t m/m, still almost one-fifth lower Set to be held in a hybrid format June 7 - 8 in y/y, while traded volumes are also trimmed further, to about 154m (-4% central London, this year’s International Grains y/y). Conference will be centred around four main sessions, featuring contributions from speakers in Uprated outlooks for Brazil, Argentina and China lift the projection for both pre-recorded format and live, focusing on global output in 2022/23 to 387m t (+11% y/y), with the net m/m increase a number of key topics, including supply chain vulnerabilities, sustainability as well as related channelled to increased figures for consumption and inventories. Trade is climate change mitigation policies. predicted near-unchanged m/m, at 166m t (+8%). This report forms part of the IGC’s monthly Grain Market Report (GMR), which reviews the situation The outlook for world rice supply and demand in 2021/22 is little-changed and outlook for grains, rice and oilseeds. A m/m. The projection for global production in 2022/23 is cut slightly m/m short summary is made available to the public on and, due to an uprated figure for total use – linked to anticipated solid feed the website. An annual subscription includes: demand in China – global carryovers are lowered by 3m t m/m. Trade in - Coverage of wheat (including durum), 2023 (Jan/Dec) is placed 1m t higher, at 51m, unchanged y/y. maize (corn), barley, sorghum, oats, rye, rice, soyabeans, soyameal and rapeseed/canola Lifted by surging wheat prices, the IGC Grains and Oilseeds Index (GOI) markets climbed to a fresh record high in mid-May, before dipping slightly, to end - Supply and demand analysis and forecasts - Updates on market developments, including fractionally down m/m. -

futures and export prices, volatility trade flows and ocean freight Market Focus articles on topical issues, including access to a searchable archive of past topics Review of latest policy developments Detailed tables on production, trade, supply and demand, prices and volatility Quarterly updates on industrial use of grains, trade in wheat flour, barley malt and sunflowerseed 11 issues (excludes December)

To purchase a subscription to this service, visit: and complete the online form.

78 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

Overview – total grains Boosted by record breaking maize and barley harvests, total grains production is forecast 3% higher, at 2291m t. While consumption will also climb, with y/y gains for food (+2%), feed (+3%) and industrial uses (+2%), overall growth of 2% will fall slightly short of the increase in supply, leading to a modest increase in carryover stocks, to 607m t (+1%). Partly reflecting ongoing restricted shipments by Ukraine, world trade is forecast to contract by 2%, to 416m t. Smaller wheat, maize and sorghum harvests are projected to limit 2022/23 world total grains production to 2251m t, down 40m from the year before, but still potentially the second largest ever. With feed uptake curbed by elevated market prices and resultant demand rationing, total consumption is projected to drop by 8m/t, to 2279m, the first y/y contraction since 2015/16. Led by drawdowns in the major exporters, grains stocks are seen 5% lower, at 580m t. Global trade is projected to fall by 3% to 404m t, predominantly on smaller maize and barley volumes. Global soyabean production in 2021/22 is seen falling by 5% y/y, to 349m t, on a plunge in South American production. With the drop resulting in a contraction in supplies, consumption and inventories are set to retreat, the latter by 18% y/y. World output in 2022/23 is projected to recover strongly, to a record of 387m t (+11%), on potentially heavy crops in the three majors. Uptake is predicted to rebound on rising demand for

79 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

soyabean products in feed, food and industrial sectors, while inventories could accumulate. Trade is seen expanding by 8% y/y on bigger shipments to Asia, Europe, Africa and the Americas. World rice trade is seen edging up to a high in 2022 on sizeable deliveries to Africa. Tied to acreage gains in Asia, 2022/23 global production is predicted 1% higher y/y at a record. Underpinned by population growth, food demand is seen pushing up consumption to a fresh high, with uptake for feeding also contributing to gains. With increases in major exporters compensating for reductions elsewhere, world carryovers are seen little-changed y/y. Global trade in 2023 is projected steady, at 51m t, with heavy buying by African importers and China expected to feature. Market summary With mixed trends across the main sub-components, the IGC GOI edged fractionally lower m/m, albeit still nearly one-quarter higher compared to a year ago. With worries about global exportable supplies exacerbated by India's recent export ban announcement, the IGC GOI wheat subIndex spiked to a 14-year high, up by 9% m/m. The IGC GOI maize sub-Index fell by 7% m/m amid seasonal weakness in South America and spillover from recent declines in outside markets. Led by solid gains in Thailand, the IGC GOI rice sub-Index advanced by 4% over the past month. The IGC GOI soyabeans sub-Index retreated by 4%, weighed at times by profit taking and losses in soyameal, as well as currency gyrations in Brazil and softer external markets.

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Industry Profile

Old/new comparison: The (still) old roller mills of the A mill on the right, the new Diorit MDDY of the B mill on the left.

Swissmill Swissmill reignites historic partnership with Bühler AG Milling Solutions


Swissmill is renewing its common wheat mills. After 36 years in operation, the tried-and-true roller mills of mills A and B are being replaced with Diorit four-roller mills from Bühler. The upgrade will be carried out during ongoing production and is scheduled to be completed by summer 2022. n 1985, Coop Mühle Zürich, as it was known at the time, put two complete, new Bühler mills into operation at its location in Sihlquai, Zürich. History is now repeating itself because since Autumn 2021, work has been ongoing to replace these ‘old’ roller mills of the MDDK generation with the first generation of the new roller mills MDDY. "The seasoned roller mills will be replaced to bring product safety, hygiene and occupational safety in line

Handover of the first Diorit to Antoine Bolay and Simon Künzle from Swissmill.

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with the new state of the art," explains Antoine Bolay, Production and Technology Manager at Swissmill. Mr Bolay and his team are collaborating with experts at Bühler AG to develop a detailed plan for the gradual modernisation of the wheat mills A and B. The project is expected to be completed by mid-2022.

Renewal during ongoing production

The renewal of the two wheat mills is being carried out under strenuous conditions. The space available in the mill building at Swissmill is limited, and an expansion is not possible. Not only that, but there are also no alternative facilities and production interruptions must thus be kept to a minimum. "This means that we have to renew the mills during ongoing production and on a step-by-step basis," says Simon Künzle, Technology Manager at Swissmill, about the challenging starting point. "Production, mechanics, electrics and automation must be in perfect harmony for this to work." Prior to the most important step for modernising the two mills - namely exchanging the roller mills - the 72 drives of both mills were upgraded with energy-efficient motors and specially designed motor suspensions. The

Industry Profile

Many meters of pipelines, cables and quite a few machines had to be routed and set up.

Swissmill sifter floor with restored drawer-type plansifters MPAD.

new suspensions make it possible to replace defective motors in the shortest possible time and with a minimum of personnel. The electrical setup, such as the power distribution and supply lines, was also completely renewed. Once again, this was only possible thanks to the hard work of everyone involved. During the last stage of the upgrade, the mill diagram was also adapted and aligned with present-day conditions. It may sound simple, but this entailed a lot of work for the Swissmill crew. Many meters of pipelines, cables and quite a few machines had to be routed and set up. The relief was palpable, when the mills were put back into operationand the first improvements could be felt. Ad 190x132 MG.pdf 1 20/4/2565 BE 14:42

Restored, not overhauled

The short production standstill was also used to restore the 12 drawer-type plansifters MPAD. The 144 doors and 72 inlets were thoroughly restored and repaired during extensive manual work carried out together with Bühler and the Swissmill millers. "As it was not feasible for Swissmill to exchange these important machines due to both time and technology constraints, another solution had to be found to extend their lifetime," explains Martin Ruckstuhl from Bühler sales. The central step in the current renewal of mills A and B at Swissmill was the replacement of the 36-year-old roller mills MDDK with new

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Diorit. Both mills are being retrofitted one after the other, in six phases whilst production is ongoing, with the reasons for choosing the new Bühler Diorit roller mills manifold. For example, the existing mill layout, the proven and reliable technology and the new control system, which in connection with Mercury fulfills all requirements, were all factors that contributed to the choice. "It was also important to us that the machine would be produced and assembled in Switzerland," says Simon Künzle.

mid-2022." The modernisation of the Swissmill mills does not end with the replacement of the roller mills in mill A and B. "We will also be replacing the existing Sortex of the two cleaning lines with Sortex H, the latest generation of optical sorter," reveals Simon Künzle. Restorations and expansions are also planned for the remaining mills. For Antoine Bolay, one thing is clear: "A mill is a structure that must constantly adapt to changing market conditions and the new possibilities technology affords."

Roller mill exchange underway

Established in 1843

The replacement of the 36 MDDK with the modern Diorit roller mills is in full swing. Bühler has delivered two to four new roller mills on a weekly basis since the beginning of October 2021. The mill is ready for production again just 24 hours after it is switched off. "The cooperation with Bühler is going very well," says Simon Künzle. "We are working hand in hand and have so far been able to keep well within the ambitious schedule." Antoine Bolay is also very happy with the progress of the mill upgrade: "It is great to be able to carry out and witness such an upgrade to the mills. The A mill was finished at the end of 2021 and the B mill should be upgraded by

Meet the future of


The origins of Swissmill can be traced back to the Zürich City Mill, established in 1843 and located in a row of several other mills directly on the Limmat River. It was the only mill to survive the economic difficulties at the turn of the century. In 1913, the mill cooperative of the Federation of Swiss Consumer Associations took over the city mill. This marked the beginning of the company's modern history. In 1969, the Federation of Swiss Consumer Associations became Coop Switzerland. In 1998, Coop merged the two companies Stadtmühle CMZ Zürich AG and Minoterie Coop Rivaz, in which the Coop Group held a majority stake, to form the Swissmill we know today. This gave rise to the biggest milling company in Switzerland. As a result, production was concentrated in Zürich and ongoing investments were made in modernising the plant. Swissmill operates various production lines (two for common wheat, one for durum wheat, one for special flours and one for corn, as well as a hulling mill that mainly covers the increasing demand for oat products) with a total capacity of 1000 t/24 h. It employs 90 people, mills over 220,000 tons of grain per year – 90 percent of which is Swiss grown – into over 100 types of flours and semolina. Common wheat for bread production accounts for the largest production percentage. Grain flakes, mixtures and specialties are also produced. Swissmill produces around one quarter of bread flour and around 40 percent of pasta flour in Switzerland.

Diorit with advanced options

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84 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

The Diorit four or eight-roller mill MDDY/MDDZ from Bühler has established itself on the global market as a cost-efficient yet high performing grinding solution thanks to its robust design, reliable grinding, and exemplary hygiene. In 2019, Bühler upgraded the Diorit with a focus on userfriendliness. The machine control was completely overhauled and the user interface was graphically redesigned. It facilitates intuitive, simple monitoring and control of the roller mills. By virtue of the integrated web server, Diorit can also be operated remotely. The modern sensor technology ensures that the rollers always operate in the right position and at the right speed. As of 2022, Bühler offers advanced options for the Diorit, such as speed monitoring for the feed rollers, an insulated cover, bearing temperature monitoring, roller temperature and vibration monitoring, a completely stainless construction, and much more. The roller mill is manufactured in various Bühler factories to optimise supply chains and cover different market needs.


Case Study

Producing protein concentrates from pulses


Bühler builds processing plant for Müller’s Mühle

ulses are key to closing the protein gap and provide 50 percent more – or 265 million tonnes – protein for up to 10 billion people in 2050. They are glutenfree, have a high fibre and protein content, are low in fat, and boost important micronutrients such as iron, potassium, magnesium, and zinc. Lentils, beans, or chickpeas require only about 160 litres of water to produce 500g; by comparison, 500g of beef require nearly 7000 litres of water. Working in partnership, Bühler and Hosokawa Alpine have installed a processing plant for their German customer Müller’s Mühle, in order to produce concentrates from pulses. At full capacity, the facility can process up to five tonnes of pulses per hour into protein concentrates, as well as enabling Müller’s Mühle to enter the promising growth market for plant-based proteins. “We have been processing pulses for around 125 years and also sell them as our own brand,” says Markus Prantl, Managing Director at Müller's Mühle in Gelsenkirchen, Westphalia, Germany. “The trend towards healthier, more sustainable diets and the increased demand for meat substitutes for vegans, vegetarians, or flexitarians – people who live on a predominantly vegetarian diet but occasionally consume high-quality meat – has accelerated in recent years. “We were unable to produce the protein concentrates used for these foods in line with customer requirements using our technology at the time. So, after a thorough analysis, we decided to build ‘Plant II’ on our premises, which focuses on the production of protein concentrates.” From the very beginning, Müller's Mühle wanted to work with Bühler and Hosokawa Alpine – who started a strategic collaboration in June 2021 that will accelerate and strengthen

86 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

the production of healthier and more sustainable plant protein solutions – to design and build the process equipment. "We have been working with Bühler in particular for decades and are very satisfied with their expertise and service,” comments Mr Prantl.

Seamless process steps

In this state-of-the-art plant, Bühler covers the upstream steps of both coarse and fine cleaning, as well as dehulling. Then the pulses are transferred to Hosokawa’s process steps of fine grinding and air classification stages. In this step, the protein and starch fractions are separated. The goal is always to achieve the highest possible protein content and maximum yield. Alexander Langer, Area Sales Manager Food Division at Hosokawa Alpine, says: "Consistently high quality throughout the entire value chain not only guarantees flawless end products, but also reduces food waste and ultimately increases Müller's Mühle's yield and margins." The fact that Müller's Mühle wanted to enter the fastgrowing market for meat substitute products came as no surprise to Randy Urban, Team Manager Customer Service Sales at Bühler. "I have been privileged to support Müller's Mühle for many years with our solutions for processing pulses and rice,” states Mr Urban. “With the exploding demand for concentrates made from pulse proteins to produce plant-based meat alternatives, it was the logical step for Müller's Mühle to enter this market.”

More than a plant

"Plant II" in Gelsenkirchen is emblematic for an accelerating trend. "The fact that pulses are making such an incredible comeback to our menu and enable Müller's Mühle to open up new areas of business naturally makes us very happy,” adds Mr Urban. “But the plant here is also a sign that consumers are

increasingly concerned with the impact of their diet on health, on sustainability, and on our environment as a holistic system," he explains. The entire project originated from Bühler’s Customer Service department, from customer consulting to commissioning of the plant. In addition, after years of planning, the project team started the installation in the middle of the second Corona wave in November 2020, which required maximum flexibility from everyone involved.

The journey has only just begun

At full capacity, Müller’s Mühle can process up to five tons of pulses per hour into protein concentrates – that's 120 metric tonnes per day. With this ultra-modern plant, Müller's Mühle is ideally equipped for the ongoing boom in the plant-based meat alternatives business. "We see our plant here in Gelsenkirchen as a foundation for a promising future. Pulses offer a lot of potential for further growth, for example as alternatives to dairy products. It is good for us to know that with Bühler and Hosokawa, we can count on a well-coordinated team with which we can successfully continue on our chosen path," says Markus Prantl. Müller's Mühle GmbH is part of GoodMills Deutschland GmbH, based in Hamburg. Since 1893, the Müller's Mühle brand has stood for the utmost care in the selection and expertise in the gentle processing of plant-based raw materials. From its mill in Gelsenkirchen in Germany, the company supplies customers from the wholesale and retail trade as well as the food industry throughout Europe as the largest processor on the continent.

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12-13 JTIC 2022 Dijon, France

August 3-5 Ildex Vietnam 2022 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

12-14 Vietstock 2022 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

10-12 Livestock Malaysia 2022 Malacca, Malaysia

25-28 32nd IAOM MEA Annual Conference & Expo Zanzibar, Tanzania

24-26 Livestock Philippines 2022 Pasay City, Philippines



September 7-9 VICTAM and Animal Health and Nutrition Asia 2022 Bangkok, Thailand

Learn more – Learn onsite Enroll in the 12-week Course 2022

June 7-8 IGC Grains Conference 2022 London, UK 8-9 Cereals 2022 Duxford, UK 22-23 SOLIDS Dortmund 2022 Dortmund, Germany




9-11 AFIA Equipment Manufacturers Conference 2022 St. Petersburg, Florida, USA

13-15 SPACE 2022 Rennes, France

6-8 16th Indo Livestock Jakarta, Indonesia

9-11 Ildex Indonesia 2022 Jakarta, Indonesia

15-18 Mill Tech Istanbul 2022 Istanbul, Turkey 2022

15-18 EuroTier 2022 Hannover, Germany

October 5-6 Poultry Africa Kigali, Rwanda



January 24-26 IPPE 2023 Atlanta, Georgia, USA


February 25-28 GEAPS Exchange 2023 Kansas City, Missouri, USA


April 17-21 127th Annual IAOM Conference and Expo Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

☑ = Meet the Milling and Grain team at this event 88 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain


Ipack-Ima 2022 ‘Where the world meets’ by Tuti Tan, Circulation and Events Manager, Milling and Grain magazine, UK Described as being the event ‘where the world meets,’ Ipack-Ima 2022 opened its doors on May 3, 2022. The joint venture event between UCIMA and Fiera Milano, the event took place over four days in Milan, Italy. After a break of four years, I witnessed many companies that just could not wait to show off their innovations to the waiting world. The organiser reported that there are more than 1160 exhibitors of which 24 percent came from a proud total of 27 countries. Lots of new innovations were also demonstrated during this event, which was long waited for due to restrictions imposed during the height of the pandemic. Many of the Italian manufacturers present were also extremely proud to show off the ‘Made in Italy, badge once again to the world. When I was at Ipack-Ima 2022 I have had the pleasure of meeting with a vast array of companies including GEA, Bühler, Cimbria, Clextral, Gazel Makina, Henry Simon, Amandus Kahl, Sangati Berga, Satake, SCE Engineering and Omas - to name just a few!

G. Nuzzi, R. Nuzzi, Melissa Koklen, Ceren Gazel, Ozan Gazel, Francesco Nuzzi, Patrick inglese at Gazel stand.

Isabel Maganto with Jenny Dal Zotto from Bühler.

Pietro Marangoni with his PowTest, The powder insight unit.

90 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

Lars Bergerhof, Sales Director from HDG introducing sofisticated HDG packaging line.

INDUSTRY EVENTS The main theme that I observed from almost all the exhibitors there was one of ‘Innovation, sustainability and ecosystem.’ So, with creativity teaming up with preserving the environment to bring us a showcase of products and services and that are designed to save us time, money and effort in the food production process.

Worldstar Global Packaging Awards

With Alberto, Federico and Michele at GEA stand. Learning about their Cinderella Slipper and High Protein Pasta.

WPO Worldstar Global Packaging Awards 2022 night.

Alapros was in Milan with his experts to introduce its latest technology.

Suzan Kucuk Kizilok from Aybakar.

Amongst the programme, the one thing that caught my attention the most took place on the evening of the second day, with World Packaging Organisation (WPO) bringing us the Worldstar Global Packaging Awards. This event was attended by around 300 packaging professionals, with over 240 winners announced for the in various categories. the World Packaging Organisation is a nonprofit, non-governmental, international federation of packaging institutes, associations, federations and other interested parties including corporations and trade associations. Its mission is ‘Better quality of life through better packaging for more people’ – with many of the award winning products reflecting this principle of improvement through innovation. Further notable examples of this were also found amongst the exhibitor stands. One example of this flexing of innovative prowess was on show at GEA’s stand. Cinderella's Slipper, a snack created on the company’s own xTru extruders and processing lines, is just an example of what can be achieved when creativity, innovation, know-how and great engineering come together. That said, rather than just try to reproduce something similar

Nicola Fior, head of Automation at Omas – a company that is “reinventing” the milling process!

With Ipack-Ima team and a journalist from Belgium. From Left to right Dominique Huret, journalist from Belgium; Tuti Tan from Milling and Grain; Cristina Bassan and Ms Ilaria Battistutta from Ipack Ima.

Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 91


Johannes Wick, CEO Grain & Food, Bühler Group with Tuti Tan.

Michela Pelliconi, Business Area Manager - Electronic sorters from Cimbria introducing it’s latest product, SEA.IQ.

At Umbra Packaging stand with Athina and Michele Carloni

Nils Minow, Head of Marketing / Corporate Communications from Amandus Kahl its amazing “Made In Germany” Pellet Mills.


Pedro Pereira from Sangati Berga, Sangati Berga manufactures technologically advanced equipments, providing an entire line of machinery and equipments for the wheat and corn milling sectors, pulverulent mixtures plants towards the food industry, animal feed factory, rice improvement and facilities for cereal and its derivatives bulk shipping.





Meeting Giuseppe Ferrari and seeing the product, in person, that they submit for GRAPAS Innovation Awards.

Many Cinderalla’s slippers.

Mr Ertan Kaya, Managing Director of Erkaya, introducing the Damaged Starch Analyser IMG_2029 - Henry Simon, won the GRAPAS Innovation Awards 2018.

to existing options, the GEA R&D department set about creating something better, creating a snack for dipping, rather than filling; one that could be made from a range of raw materials. The event also saw the launch of SEA.IQ by Cimbria. Described as being the product of long-standing high level of technical experience, high industry standards, in-depth research and meticulous developmental processes, this product is designed to bring the optical sorting process right up-to-date. In order to get the best out of an online quality control machine like SEA.IQ, the company applies an acute focus on experience, attention to detail and continuous customer assistance are essential and must be guaranteed.

Looking forward to 2023

With Caroline Poinas from Clextral. Many exciting products were introduced, among those are Vibrated Protein Products, Evolum CC and Textured Plant-based Protein.

92 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain


Ricardo Concetti give me a special message on We make your Content ‘Content’ from Concetti stand.

This event was a truly magnificent opportunity to catch up with many industry friends, many of whom we had previously not met face-to-face since the pandemic first took hold. I think I speak for everyone when I say that we were all very grateful for that opportunity. It was also good for the companies to be able to once again show the world what they are capable of – something that a brochure or online video doesn’t do quite with the same level of impact. The 2023 edition of Ipack-IMA will be held at Fiera Milano, Rho, Milano, Italy starting on May 4. Milling and Grain magazine will once again be in attendance and we hope to see you all there.



The Essmueller +1 800 325 7175

To be included into the Market Place, please contact Tuti Tan at tutit@

Air products Kaeser Kompressoren +49 9561 6400

Amino acids Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH +49 618 1596785

Bagging systems Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 FAWEMA +49 2263 716-0 Maxtex Trading Group Co. Ltd. +66 29488281 Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800 Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Bakery improvers ERKAYA +90 312 395 2986 Mühlenchemie GmbH & Co KG +49 4102 202 001

Bulk storage AGI Behlen +1 402 564 3111 Behn + Bates +49 251 9796 252 Brock +1 866 658 4191 Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Ozpolat Makina Gida +90 342 337 1217 Silo Construction & Engineering +32 51723128 Silos Cordoba +34 957 325 165 Bruks Siwertell AB +46 4285880 Symaga +34 926640475 Sukup +1 641 892 4222

Dosing Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

TSC Silos +31 543 473979 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Elevator buckets

Cereal and pulse conditioning

4B Braime +44 113 246 1800

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Tapco Inc +1 314 739 9191

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78 vibronet-Gräf GmbH & Co.KG +49 6441 62031

Colour sorters

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Elevator & conveyor components 4B Braime +44 113 246 1800

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Cimbria Srl +39 0542 361423

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Maxtex Trading Group Co. Ltd. +66 29488281

Henry Simon +44 0161 804 2800

Satake +81 82 420 8560

Tapco Inc +1 314 739 9191

Computer software

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Inteqnion +31 543 49 44 66

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Coolers & driers


Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

ERKAYA +90 312 395 2986

Consergra s.l +34 938 772207

Mühlenchemie GmbH & Co KG +49 4102 202 001

FrigorTec GmbH +49 7520 91482-0 FAMSUN +86 85828888

PLP +39 05 23 89 16 29


Sukup +1 641 892 4222

Almex +31 575 572666

ThermoNox GmbH +49 8442 8823

Andritz +45 72 160300

Wenger Manufacturing +1 785-284-2133

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Wenger Manufacturing +1 785-284-2133

Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Feed nutrition

Zheng Chang +86 2164184200

Adisseo + 33 1 46 74 70 00

Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Anpario +44 1909 537 380 Biomin +43 2782 8030

Feed Mill Automation Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Evonik Nutrition & Care GmbH +49 618 1596785 R-Biopharm Rhône Ltd +44 141 945 2924 Romer Labs Division Holding GmbH +43 2782 803 0 The Anderson Inc +1 419-897-6758

Feed milling Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 milltech +90 332 5021300 Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555 FAMSUN +86 85828888 Friedrich electronic +49 6406 1509 Ottevanger Milling Engineers +31 79 593 22 21 PLP +39 05 23 89 16 29 Sangati Berga +55 11 2663 9990 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 VAV Conveyor Components & Solutions +31 7140 23701 vibronet-Gräf GmbH & Co.KG +49 6441 62031 Viteral +90 332 2390 141 Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Flour Improvers Mühlenchemie GmbH & Co KG +49 4102 202 001

Flour milling milltech +90 332 5021300

Grain handling systems Behlen +1 402 564 3111 Brock +1 866 658 4191 Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Cimbria A/S +45 96 17 90 00

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555 Ottevanger Milling Engineers +31 79 593 22 21 Selis +90 222 236 12 33 Viteral +90 332 2390 141 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Yemmak +90 266 7338363 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550 Zheng Chang +86 2164184200

Laboratory equipment Bastak +90 312 395 67 87 Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Ozpolat Makina Gida +90 342 337 1217

ERKAYA +90 312 395 2986

Sangati Berga +55 11 2663 9990

Tekpro +44 1692 403403

Sukup Europe +45 75685311

Zaccaria +55 19 3404 5700

Symaga +34 91 726 43 04 Tapco Inc +1 314 739 9191 The Essmueller +1 800 325 7175 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550 Zaccaria +55 19 3404 5700 Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Hammermills Alapala +90 212 465 60 40

Loading/un-loading equipment Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555 MSC +44 1473 277 777 Neuero Industrietechnik +49 5422 95030 Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Vigan Engineering +32 67 89 50 41

Mill design & installation Alapala +90 212 465 60 40

95 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

ASG Group (Degirmen Makine) +90 342 357 01 50

Packaging Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Genç Degirmen +90 444 0894 Henry Simon +44 0161 804 2800 IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 Ocrim +39 0372 4011 Ottevanger Milling Engineers +31 79 593 22 21

Satake +81 82 420 8560

FAWEMA +49 22 63 716 0

Inteqnion +31 543 49 44 66

Maxtex Trading Group Co. Ltd. +66 29488281

Ottevanger Milling Engineers +31 79 593 22 21

Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

TMI +34 973 25 70 98

Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Pulverisers IDAH +866 39 902701


Paddle mixer

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

IDAH +866 39 902701

Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A. +34 965564075


Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550 Hydronix +44 1483 468900

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Selis +90 222 236 12 33 Silo Construction & Engineering +32 51723128

Process control

Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555

Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Sangati Berga +55 11 2663 9990

Zheng Chang +86 2164184200

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800

Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800

Yenar Dˆk¸m A.S. +90 332 2391073

Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Pellet press

Roller mills Alapala +90 212 465 60 40

Zaccaria +55 19 3404 5700

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

ASG Group (Degirmen Makine) +90 342 357 01 50

Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

IDAH +866 39 902701

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN) +3 73 54 984 72

milltech +90 332 5021300

Moisture measurement Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Hydronix +44 1483 468900

Viteral +90 332 239 01 41

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78 vibronet-Gräf GmbH & Co.KG +49 6441 62031

Mycotoxin management Adisseo + 33 1 46 74 70 00 Biomin +43 2782 8030

IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Henry Simon +44 0161 804 2800

Yemmak +90 266 7338363

Ocrim +39 0372 4011

Plant Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Sangati Berga +55 11 2663 9990 Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

96 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

Genç Degirmen +90 444 0894

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN) +3 73 54 984 72 Pingle +86 311 88268111 Sangati Berga +55 11 2663 9990


Selis +90 222 236 12 33

Altinbiliek +90 222 236 13 99

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550

Behlen +1 402 564 3111

Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

A/S Cimbria +45 9617 9000

PLP +39 05 23 89 16 29

CSI +90 322 428 3350

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

The Essmueller +1 800 325 7175

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78

Obial +90 382 2662120

vibronet-Gräf GmbH & Co.KG +49 6441 62031

Roll fluting Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11 Fundiciones Balaguer, S.A. +34 965564075 Yenar Dˆk¸m A.S. +90 332 2391073

Reclaim system

Ozpolat Makina Gida +90 342 337 1217

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78

Silo Construction & Engineering +32 51723128

Scalling Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Top Silo Constructions (TSC) +31 543 473 979

Brock +1 866 658 4191

Van Aarsen International +31 475 579 444

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Temperature monitoring Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Filip GmbH +49 5241 29330

Inteqnion +31 543 49 44 66

Gazel +90 364 2549630

vibronet-Gräf GmbH & Co.KG +49 6441 62031


Sefar AG +41 898 57 00

Bühler AG +41 71 955 11 11

Selis +90 222 236 12 33

IAOM +1 913 338 3377

Zaccaria +1 5519 34045715

IFF +495307 92220

Golden Grain Group +86 371 68631308

Kansas State University +1 785 532 6161


Leiber GmbH +49 5461 93030

Symaga +34 91 726 43 04

ASG Group (Degirmen Makine) +90 342 357 01 50


Yeast products

Sukup +1 641 892 4222


Koyuncu Sanayi +91 224 723 92 92

Weighing equipment

Silos Cordoba +34 957 325 165

NorthWind +1 785 284 0080

Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78

OMS +441242 267700 Ocrim +39 0372 4011 UK Flour Millers +44 2074 932521

PERENDALE PUBLISHER'S INTERNATIONAL MILLING DIRECTORY 30 WILL BE SOON AVAILABLE IN PRINT AND ONLINE. With close to 30 years of publication behind it, the International Milling & Grain Directory (better known as the IMD) is a high-visibility, high-prestige directory for your company to appear in if you are selling products or services to millers. The IMD enjoys a global reach of more than 50,000 readers. New for IMD 30 you will find fascinating articles drawn from our sister publication, Milling and Grain. These articles provide real world examples from each different milling specialty, including interviews with leading industry figures, case studies based on visits to flour mills, feed mills and grain storage and handling manufacturers around the world. Contact the team: Tuti Tan Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak


OUT NOW! The International Milling Directory is free to join if you are a supplier company. List your company, products and services today! If you would like to order a print copy of the Directory, please visit our website at:

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98 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain



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Milling and Grain - June 2022 | 99

the interview

Hubertus Paetow, President, DLG

Deutsche Landwirtschafts-Gesellschaft – German Agricultural Society (DLG) President Hubertus Paetow was born in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany 1967, where he completed his apprenticeship as farmer. After studying Agricultural Sciences in Göttingen and Kiel, he worked as managing director of an arable farm near the German city of Kiel until 2005. Since then, he has been managing his own farm with a focus on agriculture and seed production in Finkenthal-Schlutow (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern). He also sits on various boards for associations and in local politics. Hubertus Paetow has been Vice President of DLG since 2015 and Chairman of the DLG Test Center and since 2018, he has been President of DLG.

What led you to become President of the DLG?

As a practical farmer with ambitions to encourage innovative thinking among my colleagues, I want to make a contribution to advancing progress in agriculture. The DLG, which is a politically independent organisation, consists of a network of farmers and experts, which offers its members new perspectives, direction and at the same time provides a voice for farming issues For progress in agriculture to occur, you need input from various stakeholders that offer an open expert angle. The DLG leads over 80 working groups dedicated to a particular topic, such as feed and feeding. Participating experts, which are academics, companies, and farmers, together analyse the topic and propose solutions. The results are then shared amongst our members.

The DLG is a farmer-backed organisation. Why is it important for farmers in Germany to have an international platform such as an exhibition?

Innovations are now being introduced at an ever-faster rate and consequently, so solutions exist for virtually every problem a farmer might face. Exhibitions serve to give farmers the full overview in one spot and at our trade fairs, it is also possible to gain detailed practical comparisons and inspecting machines close-up. These comparisons, accompanied by the live expert perspective, as well as the exchange with other farmers, allows farmers to make relevant decisions for investment. I believe in the success of this platform, where farmers can connect with hundreds of companies and discuss the challenges they have on the farm. For this fruitful exchange to happen, we need to meet faceto-face and engage all five senses, and maybe even also a sixth one to give us foresight! I very much look forward to the restart of EuroTier, the leading trade fair for livestock professionals, which takes place in Hanover, Germany on November 15-18, 2022.

Germany is a near neighbour of Ukraine. What has been the implication of the current conflict between Ukraine and Russia on the German livestock industry?

The EU has recently agreed that farmers can grow on fallow land to mitigate the rising food prices resulting from the Ukraine conflict. In your view will this have the desired positive impact on supply and demand, or will Europe need to look elsewhere later this year for its future grain supplies? In the last decades, global trade has enabled great advances in food security - despite increased demand due to both population growth and the rising consumption of meat, there is less hunger in the world today than 20 years ago. However, the opportunities for progress in food production cannot continue indefinitely, whereas there is no end in sight to the increase in demand. The increase in food prices already began before the war in Ukraine, and that situation is now being exacerbated by the potential loss of the region as a food supplier as well as the global crisis in the energy markets. The adequate supply to the poorer importing countries in Africa and Asia is already at risk. The concepts and strategies for a transformation of the German and European agricultural sector remain valid, but they have to be reconsidered in light of this situation. The foundation of these strategies is the sufficient availability of food which can no longer be taken for granted in the short and medium term. This reduces the scope for extensive land use concepts. We appear to be returning to some version of normality in the food supply-chain following two years of Covid-19 pandemic restrictions. Climate change issues are coming to the fore and other challenges such as anti-microbial resistance cannot be ignored.

What is your view on these issues in terms of maintaining a safe, sustainable, and affordable food supply globally, but more particularly in Europe?

The pandemic has been a stress test and made us aware of many deficits in our organisation of the economy and society - not least in agriculture and the food industry. Fundamental debates about the orientation of agriculture, which we are currently conducting in Germany and Europe, all these new factors disrupt the usual mechanisms and cause uncertainty.

Russia's attack on Ukraine, which violates international law, is disrupting many areas including international food systems. The issues of global food security and food shortages have returned to the world political agenda with an urgency that we could not have predicted. This war has driven prices for grain to record highs - thus also for animal feed.

The enormous challenge of ensuring the supply of an exponentially growing world population has, however, been mastered surprisingly well to date. The fight against hunger, one of the most important goals of sustainable development, was already well on track, at least until the beginning of the pandemic.

In addition, the livestock industry in Germany is currently faced with 20 percent higher energy costs. This situation is causing problems for the entire livestock industry. The situation is particularly tense among pig farmers where the impact of the war piles on top of the impacts of the Coronavirus crisis.

The key to this successful development of global food systems is progress in the productivity of land and livestock production, based on technical and scientific innovation. It is only through technical progress that we can continually approach the basic goals of the ideal of sustainable development - even if we have not made the same progress in all areas.

100 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

The aims of a sustainable transformation are still valid - in all their diversity and complexity. An extreme intensification of food production with serious negative consequences for biodiversity and the climate can only bring short-term relief to the markets. In the long term, food can only be secured if ecosystems remain functional and the climate meets the needs of crops. To do this, the production systems must be further developed in an ecologically compatible and climate-friendly manner - with the least possible restriction of area productivity.

PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES JWI Ltd welcomes new Sales Manager


rain dryer and bulk material handling company JWI Ltd welcomes Tom Armstrong to the team in the newly created role of Sales Manager.

As well as being responsible for the development of new business opportunities across both agricultural and industrial sectors Mr Armstrong 's remit also includes a specific focus on the market leading Westrup portfolio.

JWI Ltd Director, Charles White, is confident that his appointment will be of huge benefit to both existing and new Westrup customers, “Having Tom on board to provide a specific focus for this ever-expanding range is a very positive evolvement.”

“Finding such a perfect fit for my career progression with a company I have traded with for so many years is excellent – I'm delighted to be able to focus of the standout Westrup range and look forward to some exciting plans they have in the pipeline!" comments Mr Armstrong

Brock Grain Systems promotes new Product Manager of Handling Systems


yler Ginder has been promoted to Product Manager of Handling Systems for Brock Grain Systems, according to Mark Dingeldein, New Product Development Director for the CTB, Inc. business unit.

In his new position, Mr Ginder will drive continuous growth of market share and profit for the company’s grain handling products. His duties include developing deep market knowledge of customer needs, market trends and channel opportunities, as well as contributing to the development of business strategy. Mr Ginder holds a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, and is Six Sigma Green Belt certified.

VIV Worldwide appoints new Managing Director


asked with contributing towards enlarging the VIV worldwide network on all measures with regards to exhibitor, visitor and partner development, as well as further strengthening the worldwide reach of the VIV show portfolio, Birgit Horn has been appointed as the new Managing Director of VIV worldwide, with effect August 1, 2022.

In her previous role of Director, Mrs Horn was responsible for two recent world leading trade shows with global reach of around 3200 exhibitors. In her tenure she has developed new trade fair and conference formats.

In her new role, which will be based in the head office in Utrecht, Mrs Horn will be responsible for the entire VIV worldwide portfolio, which is spread across the globe and consists of VIV trade exhibitions, VIV Connect and the VIV trade forums. She will report to the Group COO Heiko M Stutzinger.

AFIA welcomes new staff changes


he American Feed Industry Association (AFIA) is pleased to announce the addition of Rebecca Kane, CMP, as its director of events and the promotion of Victoria Broehm to senior director of communications.

Ms Kane will oversee the planning and successful execution of AFIA meetings, including overall timeline and planning, programming and coordinating with the lead staff contacts, logistics, budget, hotel/site selection and contractor negotiations, webpages for events, post-conference survey analysis and on-site management. Most recently, she served as a meetings manager for the US Grains Council, managing event budgets totalling more than US$3.5 million.

“We are thrilled to welcome Rebecca aboard,” says Sarah Novak, AFIA’s vice president of membership and public relations. “With her over 14 years of experience planning meetings and events, she will be an incredibly valuable asset to the AFIA team.”

Victoria Broehm, who has been with the association since 2017, has been promoted from director of communications to senior director of communications.

“Victoria has been with the association for almost 5 years and in that time, she has completely transformed how and why we communicate with members, industry colleagues and congressional representatives,” says Ms Novak. “She now leads the AFIA Marketing Committee and has updated AFIA’s branding, vision, values statements; led the revamp of the weekly FeedGram member newsletter; provided the vision and direction for AFIA’s FeedBites blog; introduced the AFIA’s Promises report last year; and overseen many website updates.” 102 | June 2022 - Milling and Grain

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