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July 2020


In this issue:

The World’s largest flour milling company just got larger • Cubes: An interesting niche product IN A









• Disruptive technology enters the grain drying market



#1 M



• Innovative FLour processing technology

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Milling and Grain . Volume 131 . Issue 07 . July 2020

• Expansion and shaping of compound feed and individual components

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Volume 131 Issue 7



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July 2020

Perendale Publishers Ltd 7 St George’s Terrace St James’ Square, Cheltenham, Glos, GL50 3PT, United Kingdom Tel: +44 1242 267700 Publisher Roger Gilbert rogerg@perendale.co.uk International Marketing Team Darren Parris darrenp@perendale.co.uk Fred Norwood Tel: +1 405 834 2043 fredn@perendale.com Asia Marketing Team Dante Feng Tel: +886 227930286 dantef@perendale.com Latin America Marketing Team Iván Marquetti Tel: +54 2352 427376 ivanm@perendale.com Pablo Porcel pablop@perendale.com Oceania Marketing Team Peter Parker peterp@perendale.co.uk Nigeria Marketing Team Nathan Nwosu Tel: +234 8132 478092 nathann@perendale.com Egyptian Marketing Team Mohamed Baromh Tel: +20 100 358 3839 mohamedb@perendale.com Turkey, Eurasia and Middle East Marketing Team Mehmet Uğur Gürkaynak Tel: +90 537 3646457 mehmetg@perendale.com Managing Editor Vaughn Entwistle vaughne@perendale.co.uk Features Editor Rebecca Sherratt rebeccas@perendale.co.uk International Editors Dr Roberto Luis Bernardi robertob@perendale.com Professor Wenbin Wu wenbinw@perendale.com Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak mehmetg@perendale.com Design Manager James Taylor jamest@perendale.co.uk Circulation & Events Tuti Tan tutit@perendale.co.uk Development Manager Antoine Tanguy antoinet@perendale.co.uk

48 - Cubes: An interesting niche product ISSUE HIGHLIGHTS



38 Flour Milling booms in China

42 Thomas Allinson 44 Modular system for the best grain cleaning 48 Cubes: An interesting niche product







50 Expansion and shaping of compound feed

66 Innovative flour processing technology

56 Satake in West Africa

72 Whole grain flour

52 Diorit four-roller mill

60 China’s feed industry: Developing trends

118 People news from the global milling industry

68 Leading ruminant amino acid nutrition 74 Pushbutton vs HMI display controls


98 Event listings, reviews and previews


76 Smart, integrated hub ports unloading equipment 82 Disruptive technology

88 COVID-19: Port equipment erection challenges


34 IAOM – KSU Advanced Milling Course

COLUMNS millingandgrain.com ISSN No: 2058-5101 ©Copyright 2019 Perendale Publishers Ltd. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior permission of the copyright owner. More information can be found at www.perendale.com Perendale Publishers Ltd also publish ‘The International Milling Directory’ and ‘The Global Miller’ news service Grain & Feed Milling Technology magazine was rebranded to Milling and Grain in 2015

10 The Global Miller 22 Mildred Cookson

8 GUEST EDITOR David Harrington

COVER IMAGE: Carr’s mills in Fife, Scotland - page 76

96 MARKETS Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak

116 INTERVIEW Erik Visser

Thermal stress in poultry and mitigating strategies From trying to keep chicken houses warm and wellventilated in the depths of winter when external temperatures are well below freezing to keeping birds cool when outside temperatures and relative temperature creep outside of the comfort zone, thermal stress in poultry production can be challenging to manage. We often think of thermal stress, particularly heat stress, as a problem associated with tropical and subtropical climates but, while still true, heat stress is also a problem for temperate climates. Increasingly unpredictable weather patterns and hot summers could become the norm. Certainly, the evidence suggests the world is getting hotter. And with it, a risk of heat stress in poultry producing geographies that typically did not see problems before.

David Harrington

We know temperature extremes can adversely impact poultry production and associated economics, whether it be lost performance, poor egg quality or even death, which is why strategies for mitigating heat stress are so important. Several chicken breeds are naturally more heat tolerant than others e.g.

the New Hampshire Red or Rhode Island Red but these are not necessarily high yielding breeds (meat or eggs) that are required for large scale poultry operations. So, while genetics is an important factor in heat stress, mitigation strategies use other tools. These tools include house construction and management and feeding strategies e.g. managing water/electrolyte/feed intake, reducing excess protein or vitamin E supplementation, for example. An additional aspect of the feeding strategy is the use of feed additives, and additives based on plants are increasingly popular. Which brings us to Delacon, plant-based feed additives (or phytogenics) and patents. Delacon is a leader in the field of phytogenic feed additives for livestock, with a dedicated R&D department and facilities where we can undertake research in a range of animal species including poultry. This commitment to understanding the science behind our solutions is what brought me to Delacon. And it is this commitment that delivered a patented phytogenic solution (Biostrong® Comfort) for heat stress in poultry. Based on a unique combination of natural essential oils and flavonoids, Biostrong® Comfort was rigorously tested both in vitro (to understand how it works) and in-vivo at our own facilities with external partners (to prove it works). When there is a risk of heat stress in poultry, I would rather use a solution that has been rigorously tested and understood to work than take chance on the unknown. David Harrington, Species Leader Poultry, Delacon


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Flour Milling booms in China

Port equipment erection challenges in the time of COVID-19

China has a new flour mill! It’s an 1800-tonnes-per-day mill with four production lines.

The ports and the construction industry are in an exceptional situation currently, due to worldwide working restrictions. The common feeling is that 80








Expansion and shaping of compound feed and individual components

China’s feed industry: Developing trends

Two steps with one machine: The Kahl crown expander not only expands compound feed or individual components, but also shapes them simultaneously

China’s feed industry began to grow significantly in 1978, resulting in China being the global leader in feed production for the past decade.



Annual Subscription Rates Inside UK: UK£100 Outside: US$150/€133 Milling and Grain has a cooperative partnership with COFCOET

More Information www.millingandgrain.com http://gfmt.blogspot.co.uk



The MAG TV website features a variety of videos exploring unique milling machinery, some notable ones including solutions from Dutch feed experts Dinnissen. The Bag in Box system Dinnissen’s Bag in Box system is a unique innovation that enables dust-free filling and sealing of packaging with ultimate ease and reliability. Packages are flattened and labelled fully automatically and the device can process 60 bags-per-hour.


The Micro-Dosing system Dinnissen’s Magi-Con Dosing System is the ideal solution for feed dosing. This solution enables clients to produce both small and large batches of feed with the ultimate precision. The Magi-Con sucks the microingredients deep into the grain through a vacuum, drawing the additives into the granules for an optimised result.


New production facilities in Sevenum Dinnissen have recently expanded their production facilities in Sevenum, the Netherlands, which now features top-quality solids for bulk solids handling, milling, cutting and more. The facilities enable Dinnissen to test their innovations in-house and ensure a further optimised level of quality in each and every machine.

In their article in this issue of Milling and Grain, Satake explore their work conducted in West Africa, more specifically, Cote d’Ivoire. Most people will recognise Satake for their pioneering work as part of Satake Japan, Satake USA or Satake Europe, but their African office carries out a great deal of work within the raw materials sector that is also worthy of recognition. Rice, in particular, is a staple part of the diet for many in Africa. It has seen a sharp increase in consumption and demand, especially in the past three decades and up to 70 percent of rice consumed in the country is imported to meet this demand. In 2019, Ghana reported rice production levels of 900,000 metric tonnes (mt) and it is believed that the average per capita consumption of rice in Ghana will reach 1,135mt. The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) noted that Africa has the highest reserves of untapped natural resources for food production. About 10 million hectares of land is currently being used for rice production, only a small portion of the 130 million hectares of land estimated to be suitable for such a purpose. Some of the hurdles that need to be overcome to increase these numbers include more resilient and nutrition-focussed agrifood systems. The unreliable water supply and susceptibility of rice to pests and diseases has also slowed down development of rice fields. Many companies are working on ways to overcome these hurdles. The IRRI, in collaboration with the Africa Rice Centre (AfricaRice) has released over 20 climate-smart rice varieties in Africa in the past ten years. Each of these varieties was selected for its resilience towards the specific issues facing rice farmers in Africa, with the goal of helping farmers produce rice that remains safe from disease/pests, profitable and easily farmable. Effective seed systems are also being introduced that allow farmers access to good quality seeds from the private sector. The goal is to also establish a similar system for the supply of quality fertilisers and agrochemicals. Through work such as this, farmers can ensure a profitable and sustainable food future even for places that are susceptible to more challenging conditions. gfmt.blogspot.com

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Milling News


DSM announce acquisition of ERBER Group

oyal DSM, a global science-based company in nutrition, health and sustainable living, announced that it has reached agreement to acquire ERBER Group for an enterprise value of EU €980 million. The transaction, which excludes two smaller units in the ERBER Group, is expected to be earnings enhancing in the first year upon completion. ERBER Group’s specialty animal nutrition and health businesses, Biomin and Romer Labs, specialising primarily in mycotoxin risk management, gut health performance management, and food and feed safety diagnostic solutions, expand DSM’s range of higher value-add specialty solutions. With state-of-the-art research and manufacturing facilities and approximately 1,200 employees around the world, the acquisition of ERBER Group is a unique strategic opportunity that provides revenue-enhancing synergies from the combined offering, global customer base, and complementary geographic strengths. Austrian-based ERBER Group offers DSM the opportunity to enter the mycotoxin risk management market as the world leader and extends the company’s position as one of the top suppliers in the rapidly growing animal gut performance management market. Mycotoxins occur as a result of natural fungus contaminants in animal feed and threaten the health of both animals and humans. In addition to increasing the risk of illness, mycotoxins also reduce the nutritional value of feed. Biomin's patented and proprietary technology provides the

12 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

most scientifically advanced mycotoxin protection available. Romer Labs is at the forefront of diagnostic technology with innovative testing solutions for the analysis of mycotoxins in feed and food, food allergens and pathogens as well as veterinary drug residues, with accredited fullservice labs in Austria, UK, USA and Singapore. Geraldine Matchett and Dimitri de Vreeze, Co-CEOs of DSM, said, “These are great businesses with strong and sustained track records of profitable growth and attractive margins. Biomin and Romer Labs will help strengthen and accelerate the growth of our specialty animal nutrition and health offering, including our big data and diagnostic capabilities, and it is exciting to be entrusted to take these family-founded businesses forward. It was immediately clear to us that the people at ERBER Group share our purpose-led mission and will make a wonderful addition to DSM.” Dr Erich Erber, Founder and President of ERBER Group, commented, “In DSM, I recognise the mutual values of sustainable stewardship that are so important to us. The world must reduce farming’s environmental impact at the same time as increasing protein production to feed 10 billion people by 2050. To do that, we have to make sure protein is produced sustainably, using renewable ingredients as much as possible, while protecting the well-being of animals. DSM is the perfect home for our businesses, as Biomin and Romer Labs will be able to use their new scale to intensify our joint contribution to a more sustainable world’s food supply.”

Milling News

Ocrim marks an important win in Morocco


he CEO of Ocrim, Alberto Antolini, with part of the corporate team, met the top management of Compagnie SABA, S.A., one of the biggest mills in North Africa and delivered a football signed by everyone who played a decisive part in negotiations which, in the end, were successfully concluded. The project Ocrim has been contracted by Compagnie SABA, S.A. to build a 650t/24h common wheat milling system in a new building. Ocrim will be a full partner for the Moroccan company, as it will supply the entire system starting from reception, with a related wheat pre-cleaning line, all the way to the shipment of the finished product, with highcapacity bagging stations for products, by-products and granulates. It will be a cutting-edge plant, featuring Ocrim advanced machines and latest-generation equipment. The aim is to offer high efficiency when it comes to saving energy and sanitation, as well as suppling an innovative and cohesive plant automation and management system. Ocrim will also introduce their unique modular system, which allows maintenance only on the machines concerned without stopping the entire line: this results in increased productivity and flexibility in planning scheduled or emergency maintenance. One single kick, and...goal! Compagnie SABA, S.A. sent a clear message to Ocrim, asking for seriousness and pragmatism in the negotiations, just like a footballer faced with a penalty kick and just one chance to score that winning goal. Ocrim did not dawdle and followed the customer’s requirements to the letter. Alberto Antolini and his Ocrim team met Mostafa El Maddarsi, Chairman of Compagnie SABA, S.A. and the entire family to deliver a unique offer, as requested, in

Alberto Antolini gives the signed football to Mostafa El Maddarsi

The top management of Ocrim welcomed by the El Maddarsi family of Compagnie SABA S.A.

the form of a football signed by everyone who travelled from Cremona to Nador for this important meeting. Ocrim scored a goal. It won the challenge and became a faithful partner of Compagnie SABA, S.A. During the meeting, Mostafa El Maddarsi stated, “Unlike in a real football match, this time we can declare that both teams won; they will work together to make the project a great success, thanks to the professional empathy that unites us.”

EU feed industry on the right track for responsible and deforestation-free soy


oybean meal used in animal feed production is increasingly sourced in a responsible way including certified deforestation-free soy products. The IDH Soy Monitor 2018, published on May 28th, 2020, points to 38 percent of soybean meal equivalent of total European soy consumption to be sourced according to the FEFAC Soy Sourcing Guidelines and 19 percent certified deforestation free soy. The IDH report also refers to FEFAC’s initial risk assessment which estimates that 77 percent of EU soy imports were sourced from low-deforestation regions, based on EU trade statistics and industry expert assessments.

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FEFAC wishes to highlight the significant progress made to transform the market in Europe for responsible soy to mainstream since 2015, the year of the ITC facilitated FEFAC’s benchmark system launch for responsible soy sourcing programmes. In fact, FEFAC‘s internal estimates show that 49 percent of all industrial compound feed use of soybean meal sourced in 2018 is compliant with the criteria of the FEFAC Soy Sourcing Guidelines. FEFAC welcomes the fact that the IDH Soy Monitor 2018 acknowledges the importance of assessing the deforestation risk exposure of all soy used in Europe. FEFAC’s internal estimates indicate that 79 percent of

all soy used in the EU (i.e. including soy sourced from within the EU) in 2018 came from origins that could be considered as carrying a low deforestation risk (eg EU, United States, Canada, Ukraine, Serbia, India, China). FEFAC President Nick Major said, “I am proud of the progress on responsible soy sourcing achieved so far by our industry and supply chain partners. The fact that 77 percent of EU soy imports were sourced from low-deforestation regions is significant, but there is more work to do. I am confident that we can achieve the common goal of deforestation free supply chains in a reasonable timeframe with all of our partners in the supply chain working together with retail, IDH and those NGO’s willing to cooperate to identify practical supply chain solutions”.

Milling News

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 15

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De Heus strengthens its position in Indonesia with the acquisition of Neovia Indonesia


n June 2nd, De Heus Animal Nutrition completed the acquisition of the compound feed operations of Neovia Indonesia (PT Welgro Feedmill and PT Wirifa Sakti) from ADM. With two compound feed mills located in West-Java and East-Java and total sales volume of 125,000 tonnes in 2019, Welgro and Wirifa focus mainly on the poultry, aqua and swine feed segments. For De Heus Indonesia, the acquisition is an important step in its ambition to become a leading player in the Indonesian animal feed market. Gabor Fluit, Business Group Director De Heus Asia noted, “After our successful entry into Indonesia in 2018 through the acquisition of PT Universal Agri Bisnisindo (UAB) in Bekasi, West Java, this acquisition will accelerate our Indonesian growth strategy. It gives us an excellent opportunity to expand our position in key livestock and aqua farming areas, close to our existing and potential new customers.” “We live in turbulent times due to the COVID-19 virus, as a result the demand for animal feed has decreased slightly. On the longer term we believe markets will recover. De Heus is a company focused on the longer term and dedicated to bring new technology and real progress to the markets in which we operate by working closely together with our customers.” It is estimated that the size of the animal feed market in Indonesia will increase from 19 million tonnes in 2019 to 22 million tonnes by 2022. Indonesia’s current population is 273 million, making it the largest consumer market for proteins in Southeast Asia. Gabor Fluit also adds, “Since the UAB acquisition, De Heus has replicated its successful market approach developed in other Southeast Asian countries, supporting the further professionalisation of independent farmers in the local livestock and aqua farming sector with premiumquality animal feed products and practical feed and farming advice. In addition, we have improved production processes, invested in technical training of personnel and started construction of a new production line for aqua and poultry feed at the existing UAB feed mill.”



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Milling News

IFAJ–Alltech International Award for Leadership in Agricultural Journalism selects winner

With more than a decade of experience working as an environmental, agriculture and rural development journalist, Opoku Gakpo has produced documentaries and other content for radio, television and online platforms. He specialises in science communication and development n conjunction with the International Federation of communication and has produced audio-visual Agricultural Journalists (IFAJ), Alltech is proud to documentaries on various subjects for media broadcast, announce that Joseph Opoku Gakpo of Ghana is the conducted more than 5,000 radio and television interviews recipient of the IFAJ–Alltech International Award for and published approximately 1,000 articles online and in Leadership in Agricultural Journalism, which recognises print media. excellence and leadership by young journalists. Opoku “Alltech has long recognised and supported agricultural Gakpo, a radio, TV and online journalist, was selected journalists’ role in mobilising knowledge to farmers from nominations submitted by IFAJ guilds around the around the world,” said IFAJ president Owen Roberts. world. His achievement was recognized during the launch “Alltech’s commitment to professional development of the Alltech ONE Virtual Experience on Monday. for agricultural journalists directly benefits farmers by enhancing those skills that producers look to for balanced, Opoku Gakpo is a Cornell University fellow, winner of evidence-based information that can help them be the International Federation of Agricultural Journalists’ profitable, knowledgeable and sustainable.” Star Prize, winner of the MTN Heroes of Change Award The IFAJ-Alltech International Award for Leadership and three-time winner of the Ghana Journalists Association in Agricultural Journalism aligns with Alltech’s vision Award in agriculture, sustainable development goals and for a Planet of PlentyTM, in which a world of abundance poverty reduction reporting. is made possible through the adoption of new technologies, better farm management practices and human ingenuity. “Now, more than ever, it is important to give a voice to agriculture and the food supply chain to communicate factual information to the world,” said Dr Mark Lyons, president and CEO of Alltech. “Through our continued partnership with the IFAJ, we are able to support future leaders in agricultural Joseph Opoku Gakpo, a journalist Dr Mark Lyons (left), President and CEO of Alltech, and Owen with the Multimedia Group Limited journalism who are Roberts (right), President of the International Federation in Ghana, is the recipient of the of Agricultural Journalists (IFAJ), at ONE: The Alltech Ideas passionate about 2020 IFAJ-Alltech International Conference in May 2019 with the IFAJ-Alltech International Award Award for Leadership in Agricultural connecting our industry for Leadership in Agricultural Journalism Journalism to a global audience.”


18 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

Milling News

Bühler pays tribute to company stalwart and pioneer of the world’s first SORTEX sorter


ühler, a global leader in food processing and optical sorting solutions, has paid tribute to inventor and highly-respected engineer Herbert Max Fraenkel, who helped to design the world’s first Sortex Sorter known as the SORTEX G1, launched in 1947. Having started as an apprentice, who remained at Bühler until retirement, Fraenkel quickly established himself as an instrumental part of the business and many of the early patents, if not all, were thanks to his tenacity and expertise. Following news of his death, friend and colleague Ben Deefholts, Senior Research Engineer, Bühler Sortex, said during the early days, Fraenkel was ultimately responsible for specifying every machine that went into manufacturing, and could often be found tinkering with the machines for special applications almost as they were being packed. He took on some big projects during his career, including the development and launch of the 2024 frozen food sorter, which Birds Eye and many other large multinationals installed. Thanks to his continuous dedication, The Bühler Group paid tribute to Fraenkel in its 60th anniversary Sortex sorting book in 2007, explaining how he started as an assistant to Hungarian scientist, Dr Okolicsanyl and, together, they worked to research and find a technological breakthrough to speed up the practice of manually handpicking seeds. He and the research team at Bühler Sortex gave the world’s first demonstration of sorting, on the SORTEX G1, using a combination of optical inspection and electrostatic deflection. This forerunner to all modern-day optical sorters, was extremely versatile and could sort peas, beans, corn, small grains such as rice, coffee, beans, nuts and other similar sized foods. Hamid Kefayati, Head of Single Machine Business,

Iran’s wheat production is expected to reach 14 million tonnes this year


ased on the calendar year that started on March 20, Iran is expected to produce 14 million tonnes of wheat. Speaking to the IRNA, Iran’s official news agency, a Ministry of Agriculture official said that the wheat harvest in the country has already started in Bushehr Province, South Iran, as well as within the Sistan and Baluchestan Provinces, Southeast Iran.

20 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

Bühler, said, “When I joined Bühler Sortex back in 1997, Herbert had been working for the company for 50 years or so. I was told by colleagues that he was the father of optical sorting as we know it today. “Knowing Herbert, his achievements and lifelong commitment to the company, I understand why. He was a true gentleman with a great deal of technical knowhow which is part of the 70-year sorting history of the company.” Bruno Kilshaw, managing director, Bühler Sortex (1993 to 2011) added, “Herbert personified Sortex and he’d been prominent from its beginning until he retired. He was devoted to the company. Physically, and in his demeanour, he resembled a benevolent uncle and a science professor, with a wide face, bearing glasses and topped with white, curly hair. “When I joined the company in 1993, he had already filled most of the technical posts in the company, from technical director to service manager and patent officer. He worked well beyond pensionable age and Sortex was his life. Everyone knew, respected and relied on his knowledge. “He taught me everything I knew about ‘sorting technology’ and I will remember him fondly as a mentor, colleague and friend.”

The official noted that the harvesting of crops will soon start in the provinces of Fars, South Iran, Khuzestan, Southwest Iran and Kerman, South Iran, and wheat harvest will begin in all regions of the country until April 19, and stated that they are pleased with the heavy rainfall in the country and expect this year to bring forth an especially good harvest. There are over six million hectares of wheat cultivation in the country, and four million of this is dry

field farms. The Ministry of Agriculture also announced that the wheat harvest will not be stopped due to the coronavirus spreading, since the crop is a primary resource of food for the Iranian people.

Milling News Nine men at the Abbey Mills whose combined service totaled 300 years

Mr Teddy Simms, a local hero by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive, UK


Milling journals of the past at The Mills Archive

s the miller at Mapledurham watermill near Reading for more than 30 years, my attention was naturally drawn to an account in Milling (February 18th, 1950) of a miller with an even longer connection to the town. Number six in the series of “Men in the Mill” articles recounts the story of

“Teddy” Simms. At the time of writing he had been a rollerman for more than 45 years with Messrs SM Soundy and Sons at their Abbey Mills in Reading. His story was used to reinforce a general point about a certain type of country mill, “You never hear of any labour trouble or anything of that sort at that mill”. The management and the men knew and respected each other. They had grown up together, as it were, and “there are a good many case of this kind in the flour milling industry”. Teddy was born on October 18th, 1888 and had lived in the same house all his life. He started work at the age of 13 at Messrs Huntley and Palmers in Reading. His wages were 5/6d

22 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

per week, of which he gave his mother 5/3d, reserving for himself just 3d a week for pocket money. On June 10th, 1904 he entered the service of Messrs SM Soundy & Son as a mill boy at a wage of eight shillings a week, this time giving his mother 7/6d a week, retaining 6d for himself. In 1908 he became a screensman and in 1911 a flour packer and Architect’s drawing of the arches and wheels

A Soundy steam wagon

relief purifierman. In 1917 he was called up in the Royal Marines and discharged for disablement reasons in November 1918. He returned to Soundy’s service in December of that year, became a purifierman in 1919 and went on to become a rollerman. Teddy saw many changes in the mill, such as the changeover from water and steam to electric power and the replacement of horse transport by mechanically driven vehicles. His worst experience was in 1908, when one of his workmates fell into the waterwheel and he had to assist in extricating him. His best times were when the mill was running smoothly, and he was satisfied that he was making a really good sack of flour. In fact, he looked upon the mill as his second home and the reporter commented that he should have to take a long day’s march to find a man more cheerful and contented than Teddy, remarking that it

Abbey Mills during demolition in 1964

was beyond him to state whether that had anything to do with the further fact that he was a bachelor! He was very happy and had no wish to work anywhere else. Teddy was a trade union member for 30 years and served on the branch committee as secretary of the mill works committee. The article concluded that there was no question of split loyalties; at the Abbey Mills management and the men wished to work together harmoniously, and it was an axiom that if you wish hard enough for a thing, you are on a good way to obtaining it. The Journal concluded “If the friendly spirit that is characteristic of this and other country mills were animate throughout the industrial life of Great Britain, there would be no need to worry about the dollar gap or any other economic difficulties”. The Mills Archive is conveniently situated in Reading, less than

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Milling News

SM Soundy and Son’s Abbey Mills in Reading Berkshire

five minutes walk far from where Abbey Mills stood. It is also close to Huntley & Palmers where the flour from the mill went to make the famous biscuits. In consequence, the Archive has quite a substantial amount of documentary and photographic material, some from the Soundy family, on Abbey Mills. These include an image from a photograph in Reading Central Library of the demolition of the site in 1964, showing the medieval arches and the two exposed waterwheels that once provided power to the mill. We are fortunate at the Archive to have architects’ plans of how the old mill and a photograph of the steam wagon used by Soundy’s. All that remains today is one of the Abbey’s Norman arches through which the Holy Brook flowed to turn the waterwheels and machinery in the mill. Abbey Mills before the new mill with roller plant was put in was milling by millstones with the


Teddy Simms on the roller floor

usual bevel gears driving vertical shafts from the waterwheels. In 1878, the Nagel & Kaemp roller system was introduced. One of the large waterwheels, 7ft x 12ft wide still powered three sets of stones for wheat and barley, while the other, even larger waterwheel of 10ft x 12ft, worked as an auxiliary to the steam engine which operated the roller plant. I intend to write about more mill people (not all men!) so I would be pleased to have any suggestions of suitable candidates; email me at mills@millsarchive.org



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Milling News

World Environment Day: Mitigating emissions with phytogenics to preserve biodiversity


uman life is depending on biodiversity. Climate change is one of the drivers of biodiversity loss. Plant-based feed additives have a vast potential to reduce emissions. This year’s World Environment Day took place on June 5th. On this day, initiated by the United Nations, Delacon gave attention to nature’s biodiversity. Why is biodiversity important? Simply said, human life needs biodiversity. Ecosystems like oceans, forests, or coral reefs stay healthy with rich biodiversity. Healthy ecosystems clean air and water, secure nutrition and raw materials, and reduce natural disasters. It is still not in the public perception that plant-based feed additives in livestock production can make a great contribution to reduce emissions. As an example to show the potential of phytogenics in poultry production: Assume that we feed every broiler in the EU with the phytogenic feed additive Biostrong® 5101. This means that 1.8 million tonnes less CO2 is emitted which is nearly the same amount as the annual emissions of Malta. Recently, feed additives found their way into political discussion. The European Commission presented the Farm to Fork strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system. The strategy also includes the facilitation of the market placement of sustainable and innovative feed additives. There is a lot of potential besides the known factors for saving emissions to preserve rich biodiversity.


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myMAG.info/e/289 26 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

4B Designs and Manufactures Components for Bucket Elevators and Conveyors Elevator Buckets

Elevator Bolts

Hazard Monitoring Systems

Belting & Splices

Speed Switches

Conveyor Chain

Belt Misalignment Sensors

With sales and technical support offices in North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and China along with a worldwide network of distributors, 4B can provide practical solutions for any application no matter the location.

Engineering Solutions Since 1888

Bearing Temperature Sensors

Plug Switches


The Rex Wailes Collection Damage, Repair and Conservation by Mildred Cookson, The Mills Archive Trust, UK

When we inspected the Rex Wailes Collection in the Science Museum’s offsite store, it was clear that the 30 years since his death had not been kind to his life’s work. Many drawings were damaged, often with fragile edges torn, missing or held together by decaying sticky tape. Others had been damp, dried out and were covered in mould. Although we had the knowledge and ability needed to ensure further damage would not happen, we did not have the specialist skills need to carry out conservation to the standard and extent required for such a nationally important collection. So, we called in a specialist paper conservator. We also obtained a grant from the National Manuscripts Conservation Trust to handle those that were badly in need of attention before we could catalogue and store them. The conservator’s advice on how to deal with various problems will help us with future collections. Her report covered mould, water staining, inappropriate use of adhesives and just plain dirt as well as handling fading and friable media. She indicated what we could learn to do ourselves and the kit we would need (including a very specialised vacuum cleaner). She agreed to run a training workshop for key staff and we invited our more experienced volunteers to attend. I found it a fascinating experience. We learned how to deal with torn or damaged photographs, how to clean documents and remove old tape. Repairing small leather tears on the covers of books completed our days training. One of our volunteers videoed a short section which is very therapeutic to watch and is on our YouTube channel. There are many more items that need attention before they are scanned and catalogued, but gradually conservation is now helping us to preserve the collection for the future. Watch the video: myMAG.info/e/868


internationalmilling.com 28 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain



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Milling News

Overcoming challenges: 4B’s flat bottom conveyor chain upgrade


major rice mill from southern Arkansas with an annual capacity of over fifteen million bushels (420,000t) operates with multiple flat bottom chain conveyors. The conveyors, some as long as 240 feet, run with steelbushed chain, welded steel backer flights and UHMW paddles. Tramp material would sometimes get into the conveyor, obstructing the movement of the chain and damaging paddles. Broken paddles carried downstream would damage other pieces of equipment. The chain was difficult to dismantle for paddle repair and the reshaping of steel backer flights inside the conveyor required a hot work permit, which meant extended downtime and production loss. 4B Group discovered the solution; replacing the steel-bushed chain and welded flights with 4B’s BoltN-Go chain and bolt-on paddles. The Bolt-N-Go chain employs nylon paddles directly bolted on to the chain links, so no welded steel backer flight is required. The paddles were manufactured using coloured nylon to make them detectable by the plant’s colour sorter. The chain’s unique bolted construction allows the paddles to be quickly and easily replaced while the chain is in tension.

Our History Gime Tech, based on Hubei Food Processing machinery Works in 1950s, is serving our customers from all over the world by manufacturing a high-quality rice mill machinery. Our Factory Our factory occupy area 40,000 square meters, and also have capacity of 120 tons per day, it is located in Yunmeng city, 80 km far from Wuhan city. Our Product We supply rice mill machine, feed mill machine, cereal processing machine, color sorter, silo, packing machine and related accessory. Our products are used for rice milling, grain processing, corn milling and cereal milling. Our Certificate We are an ISO 9001:2000, CE certificate company, our main goal is that supply high quality and reasonable price products.

Contact us: Gime Tech Park, Zixu Road 270, Yunmeng City, 432508, Hubei Province, China

E: gime@vip.126.com T: +86 13510 372500

www.gimetech.com Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 31

www.golfettosangati.com info@golfettosangati.com


TRAINING Through hands-on training in the Kansas State University Hal Ross flour mill and classroom discussions at the IGP Institute, participants will learn quantitative tools and practices to influence and impact, optimal machine adjustment, milling efficiency and flour quality in the mill. Expanding on topics from the Basic Milling Principles course to include quantitative techniques and tools to analyse and improve the process flow; understanding the variables that impact production efficiencies and enhance the troubleshooting skills of mill personnel to optimise mill efficiency.

IAOM – KSU Advanced Milling Course Topics in the course include wheat kernel characteristic; understand cleaning systems and equipment for optimal grain

GEAPS recently announced the launch of their Summer Learning Series, a collection of live weekly webinars on grain quality, regulations, safety and other topics. Each session is free and available to anyone as they are broadcast live; replays are available for GEAPS members.

New training courses offered by GEAPS July 1st: Alternative and Temporary Grain Storage

The 2019 harvest is taking up a lot of space in storage and the 2020 crop looks to have above average yields. It is time for co-ops and elevators to think about and plan alternative and temporary options for grain storage. Learn why new storage options should be a top priority and review best practices for storing excess grain. We will conclude with a Q&A session to talk about storage options at your facility and in your region. Sponsored by Brock.

July 8th: Critical Issues Impacting the Grain Industry: Panel Discussion

Learn about critical operations issues in the grain industry. Our panel will share perspectives on issues and how they are working to address them. Take these lessons and compare

The objectives of this course are to gain a general understanding of the principles of the milling process from wheat receiving to finished product distribution, understanding the relationship between wheat quality and the effect of the milling process, gain knowledge of different wheat types and what products each can produce, gain knowledge of flour functionality and baking performance of different flours, and learn the role each department plays in the success of the milling industry. Participants will discuss all aspects of the flour milling process from wheat selection to milling to flour blending and baking functionality.

IAOM – KSU Introduction to Flour Milling Topics for the course include an overview of the US milling 34 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

quality; processes, equipment and flow design, and steps of conditioning and tempering; in-depth analysis of mill flow sheets and design; in-depth analysis of mill balance and product distribution; in-depth study of function, design and optimal set-up for roller mills, sifters, purifiers, detachers, dusters, and other milling equipment; cumulative attribute curves and their uses; understanding starch damage and it’s influences. Milling engineers, operation managers, production managers, shift managers, head millers, professionals with theoretical or applied milling background. Theoretical milling background (milling school, university or other milling training) with practical work experience in a flour mill or other completed milling training is required. This course will take place September 21–25th, 2020.

them to what’s going on with your facility. We will conclude with a Q&A session to discuss issues at your facility and in your region.

July 15th: Where Grain Quality and Safety Meet: Panel Discussion

Look at practical tools, new technologies and hands-on methods to help monitor and maintain quality in your grain inventory. You can’t separate grain quality and safety. Managing projected carryover inventories and the anticipated size of the 2020 crop will provide the foundation for employee safety, grain quality and financial stability. GEAPS members are invited to discuss the topics in more detail the Friday after each session in a virtual networking forum. The Grain Elevator and Processing Society (GEAPS) is an international professional association that supports its members and the industry by serving as The Knowledge Resource for the world of grain handling and processing industry operations. GEAPS addresses the industry’s critical grain handling, storage and processing operations needs by providing the finest networking, professional development programs, and access to a global marketplace of equipment, services and technology solutions providers. GEAPS’ global network of industry professionals includes more than 2,500 individual members from about 1,050 companies.

industry; wheat production, supply and demand; wheat classes, uses, and basic wheat chemistry; wheat cleaning and conditioning; gradual reduction process overview; milling math (extraction, tempering and blending); principles of mill flow sheets; overview of the general milling process and major milling equipment; flour and practical hands-on experience in the Hal Ross flour mill and KSU benchtop milling and baking laboratories. New mill employees, mill HR staff and managers, grain and ingredient procurement managers, feed and flour sales representatives, production schedulers, warehousing and QA personnel, R&D staff, wheat breeders, grain inspection personnel, food program administrators, international wheat/grain traders, journalists, extension agents, wheat commission staff/board members, and agricultural and business economic analysts. No milling experience or theory required. This course will be held January 4-8th, 2021.

Ocrim’s Cylinder Separator Unit

PRODUCT FOCUS July 2020 In every edition of Milling and Grain, we take a look at the products that will save you time and money in the milling process.

Ocrim’s CSA is a compact, sturdy solution that results in improved throughput and accurate separation of round and long grain. CSA is available in multiple formats featuring two, three or four indent cylinders constructed out of special steel. Each cylinder is fitted with cast-iron supports encasing both cylinder ends, an internal screw trough and a cover split in two lengthwise sections for quick replacement and easy maintenance. Accurate separating operations can be carried out for round grain, long grain and the recovery of small and broken wheat grains. The indent cylinders come in diameters of 400, 600 and 700mm each and lengths of 1500, 2000, 2500 and 3000mm for output ranging from 2-15 tonnesper-hour.


Longitudinally-split Diorit 2019

Starch Damage Analysing Equipment

Thanks to its robust design, energy-saving grinding and exemplary hygiene, Bühler’s Diorit MDDY/MDDZ four or eightroller mill is now well established on the market. Since it was first introduced, more than 1,500 Diorit roller mills have been sold and are used across the world. A new generation of Diorit mills with a completely revised control system was introduced in autumn 2019. The extremely intuitive user interface facilitates monitoring and control of the roller mill. The latest generation Diorit MDDY-600/250 four-roller mill is now also available in a longitudinally split version. On the MDDY-600/250/L1 model, one of the two pairs of rollers is splitted on one side, enabling three milling passages at the same time. On the MDDY-600/250/L2 model, both pairs of rollers are splitted on two sides, allowing a total of four milling passages. The 2019 generation Diorit MDDY-600/250 is thus available in three different versions, offering the flexibility to choose between two and four milling passages. The two-part design concerns the inlet, feeder and control system on the side of the roller mill that is split longitudinally. This means that the grinding properties can be controlled individually for each passage. The MDDY-600/250 four-roller mill with rollers split longitudinally is the ideal solution for small mills and school mills that have a grinding capacity of between 24 and 60 tonnes-per-day.

Erkaya Instruments continues to provide cutting-edge technology for the milling sector. The company has recently launched their SD-Analyser, one of the few companies in the sector to offer this innovative service. Erkaya’s SD-Analyser is ideal for analysing startch damage in flour. The device provides simple, fast and reliable results with samples as small as 1g and provides results in less than 10 minutes. The solution works through iodine absorbtion in a diluted flour suspension. The more starch damage that is present, the faster the iodine is absorbed. Starch damage is a useful tool for checking the conditions of the rolls, adjusting water absorption and dough stickiness as well as optimising the volume, colour and shelf life of the final product. Erkaya has been proudly manufacturing highquality products such as gluten washers, falling numbers, laboratory mills , grain samplers and more.


Horizontal Rice Whitening BHZ-4 Since 1925, Industrias Machina Zaccaria S/A has been manufacturing rice, maize, bean and various cereals processing equipment and exporting to over 60 countries worldwide. Zaccaria presents the latest generation solution of rice whitening, the Horizontal Rice Whitening model BHZ-4. Increasing the line of horizontal whitening machines, the BHZ-4 is capable of processing up to 13,000 kg/h of brown rice. The solution presents the latest generation of technologies available, offering an innovative smart control system, being able to work with the minimum need of human interference and monitoring.

myMAG.info/e/869 36 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain




Zaccaria Destoner SDZ/CF-2S

The Zaccaria Destoner, model SDZ/CF-2 Super was developed to separate small impurities that are heavier than rice grains, cereals and materials such as stones, glass fragments, metal and other small materials that were not removed by sieve cleaners in the purification process or were originated during it. The solution can process between 3600-14,000 kg/h of brown rice. The Destoner uses gravity as a principle which works to separate such elements. When the materials are subjected to vibrations and an ascendant air flow the reduces the weight of the specified products by a closed-circuit system, this ensures for efficient separation both quickly and efficiently. The solution is also remarkably environmentally friendly and has a special system to save energy. One of the environmentally sustainable features in the solution is the automatic sleep mode of the digital screen- after a specified amount of time, the machine will run in a form of sleep mode, wherein it uses less energy and continues to run at the same capacity, whilst using less energy in the plant. When the feeding hopper is full, the machine will turn on back into its full power mode again. The Zaccaria Destoner SDZ/CF-2S boasts a myriad of essential features that highlight Zaccaria’s skills as milling innovators. These include refined level sensors are both the top and bottom of the solution, to ensure a constant air flow. Timers can also be adjusted to control the separation time and discharge of impurities. The set of screens is constructed from stainless steel and a clear window is readily available for users to inspect the contents. A sample collector enables users to easily see the end result, through a handy product outlet. There is also a convenient connection point for dust suction. Need a spare part? This is no problem, as the belts and bearings the SDZ/CF-2S requires can be easily found on the market. As a result of continuous work throughout its history, Zaccaria has become the leader in the Brazilian milling market. The Zaccaria product line includes equipment for processing beans, maize and other cereals. Together with agents located throughout Brazil and the world, Zaccaria supplies a complete line of original and spare parts, rolls and rubber brakes. Within the competitive market for cereal processing, Zaccaria make all efforts to offer to its customers not only products with excellent quality and technology, but also personalised  projects  for specific purposes according to customers’ requirements, as well as technical assistance, commercial and technical support through highly qualified agricultural/mechanical engineers.

myMAG.info/e/873 Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 37


Flour Milling booms in China The World’s largest flour milling company just got larger


by Wudeli Flour Mill Group Co Ltd, Daming, China

hina has a new flour mill! It’s an 1800-tonnes-per-day mill with four production lines. Called the ‘Number 8 Workshop’, it is located in Daming near the ‘Daming Number 7 Workshop’ and came online on June 20, 2020, just as Milling and Grain’s July edition was preparing to be publish. The two mills are located in Daming County, near the southeastern city of Handan in Hebei Province, and situated in one of

the world’s biggest wheat-producing regions. With the addition of the ‘Number 8 Workshop’ this mill brings the Wudeli Flour Mill Group’s total daily output to 47,000 tonnes! That’s requires a staggering 17 million tonnes of wheat per year based on a seven-day continuous production schedule. The mill has been designed and built by Buhler incorporating the company latest MES software, rollermills, plansifters, purifiers and much more. “It is the most intelligent and automated wheat milling factory equipped with high-rack warehousing, all-automated packaging machines and pelletisers,” ssays the Wudeli Flour Mill Group in

Daming No 8 Workshop under construction in November 2018 when Milling and Grain visited showing the entrance to Daming No 7 Workshop alongside the completed complex and the new entrance to No 8

38 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

F a short press statement. Milling and Grain presents a range of pictures of the new mill as it went into production late last month.

A background on Wudeli

Wudeli Flour Mill Group was founded in 1989, it is a private enterprise specialised in flour production. After 29 years of unremitting efforts and practice, once the small factory have developed into a large-scale flour-producing Group which currently has 19 subsidiaries in 19 cities across six provinces. The Group possesses 35 large milling workshops, 78 modern flour production lines and more than 5000 staffs. Compared to 29 years ago, the Group’s daily wheat processing capacity has raised from 15 tons to 42,050 tons – prior to the latest Number 8 Workshop coming online and is ranked number one in scale in world flour producing terms. In 2017, the Group’s total value reached 29.3 billion Yuan (US$4.2 billion), it’s wheat processing reached 11.61 million tons, and product sales reached 11.59 million tons. Wudeli is the name of the Group. It’s a name that also represents the management ideal, and supports the product brand. The Group invites five parties, including clients, farmers, workers, the state and other enterprises, organically into a profitable ‘community’. Since 2003, when targeted on becoming the world’s leading experts in flour production, the Group has expanded its product sales all over the country and has covered 97-percent of the domestic market. The domestic market’s share has reached 16 percent. The Group’s Beijing market share has reached than 40 percent, and the Group has been rightfully and continuously ranked number one in flour sales in the domestic market. Wudeli Group was awarded titles as ‘China Top 500 Enterprise’, “’China Well-known Trademark’, ‘China Top 500 Manufacturing Enterprise’, ‘National Agricultural Industrialisation Leading Enterprise’, ‘National Standardised Behaviour Enterprise’, ‘No 1 in China’s Top 50 Wheat Flour Processing Enterprise’, ‘China Top 100 Grain and Oils Enterprise’, ‘Top Enterprise in Flour Industries’, ‘Hebei Provincial Quality Prize’ and so on.

Science and technology

Zhiguo Dan was 17 year old when he opened his first flour mill with his sister, brother and father in 1989. Today, he is President of the Wudeli Flour Milling company that operates 20 plants with a daily wheat processing capacity of 47,000 tonnes. Existing expansion plans, daily output will rise to 80,000 tonnes a day in the years ahead, sufficient to supply one-third of China’s flour needs

Wudeli Group has large investments in scientific and technological innovation, the introduction of international advanced equipment and technology and was capable of low-ash and high-precision flour production. The flour production series includes more than 140 varieties, with products of good quality and stability favoured by many customers. The Group’s special powder series like dumplings powder, steamed bun powder and fried sticks powder, noddle powder, steamed bread powder and so on, mainly aims at the market of high-class food factories, large chain restaurants, large steamed bread and noodle processing companies. These special flours, combined with the trend in the development of China’s wheat flour sector, meets the needs of different consumer Groups and fills a number of special powder production gaps. For example, the high-gluten buns powder has the very good re-steaming abilities and solves the steamed bread from turning black which produces a poor visual effect after cooking; the strong gluten dumpling powder solved the problem of dumpling packaging adhesion after cooking, and make dumplings available for take-out packaging. In production technology, for example, the Group created a set of scientific and practical wheat auto-weighing system to achieved accurate warehousing and human labour saving; the brush bran machine application improved flour extraction rates;

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 39


Left: The control room in the new Daming No 8 Workshop with Wudeli Chairman Zhimin Dan (in the black shirt) and Daming No 8 General Manger Zizheng Li standing behind during the commissioning of the plant. From plansifters to the four milling lines with an image of BĂźhler‘s 10,000th Dolomit roller mill (Below), which it delivered to its longtime partner Wudeli Flour Milling Group. The handover ceremony of the roller mill took place June 18 in Wuxi, China

40 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

F the development of the bran-drying technology solved the bran’s short expiration date and transportation problems in summer months; the Group also developed automatic warehousing and online loading systems. The Group was introduced the world’s first-class Buhler pulverising equipment, at high cost, and bought quality inspection equipment from Buhler, Sweden and France also at great expenses. The Group also set up many quality control stations to supervise raw materials and to use high-quality wheat to ensure quality. It established a thorough and advanced online quality control system, advanced test equipment, professional baking and steaming experiments, strict quality control procedures, quality control methods and other strict quality control systems. From raw materials to implementation of quality responsibility system, the Group formed an interlocking quality management system to inspect every procedure.

Connected industries

Wudeli Flour Mill Group’s production scale and product property requires a huge demand of wheat, which helped the nearby counties’ and cities’ farmers to optimise plantation structure and quality. The Group’s surplus grain purchase has played a great role in increasing farmers’ incomes. Wudeli Group build links to millions of farmers. In 2017 the Group’s purchased wheat from more than three million farmers, increasing their income by more than 100 million Yuan each year. The Group greatly improved the utilisation rate of grain, promoted social and economic development and helped farmer’s income raise. Wudeli Group currently attracted more than 5000 rural workers as employees. Wudeli Group’s establishment of a new factory helps drive the local transportation, retailing, catering and other industries in development. Other facts and figures include: each subsidiary requires investment of at least 300-500 million Yuan, which generates huge profits to local building material industries; Wudeli’s everyday wheat purchase and product sales reached more than 80,000 tons’ throughput, which needs 3000 transporting vehicles, meaning nearly one million vehicles a year for local transportation industries; every new company requires a corresponding staff canteen, supermarkets and other supporting facilities, which benefits nearby counties’ and cities’ supermarkets, food, clothing and other related companies. In addition, the increasing production capacity increases orders directly added to the packaging supplier, which greatly promotes the cooperation companies’ profits; the Group’s subsidiaries established good cooperative relations with banks and other financial agencies, their funds injected a strong driving force to the Group, and the Group expanded their earnings, Wudeli Group has been awarded an ‘AAA’ credit rating.

Daming No 7 Workshop control room offers operators a very modern view of the critical production areas with glass portioning which allows views and access to the roller mill floor

of measures to control prices. The Group actively responded to the state’s policies and took the social responsibility to maintain stable flour price in the domestic markets and completely supported the state in market regulations. In the condition that raw grain and artificial processing costs were booming, the Group fully deployed its production, kept enough supply to stabilise the market, and dropped the flour price 0.03 Yuan per Jin (half a kg) in the whole sale lines, which ensured market supply and controlled agricultural product prices. People benefits were secured and the Group showed full social responsibility and awareness in an historical situation. The founders of the Group, who are the decedents of farmers, haven’t forgotten their roots. They have keep city flour supply during the SARS period, provided free flour to stricken areas suffering the Yellow River flood, the Guangxi Province’s snow disaster and funds to the Wenchuan, Yushu earthquake disaster areas, donated to repair the ancient gate tower reconstruction, a new campus in Daming No.1 Middle School, helped road investment in its hometowns and supported Daming county’s poor students. As part of the food industry chain, Wudeli Flour Group connecs with the upstream and downstream industry from grain cultivation, collection, storage and transportation, to processing, warehousing, transporting and finally to thousands of families. The Group’s strict requirement as to the quality of raw grain and product has promoted food safety requirements at every stage, and made contribution to national flour industries’ healthy and sustainable development. It is also contributing to the food secured every family and to national food safety. Milling and Grain were honoured to have toured Wudeli’s Daming No 7 Workshop in November 2018 when company president Zhiguo Dan showed us around. In this group from left is: Roger Gilbert, Zhiguo Dan, Tuti Tan, Darren Parris and a Wudeli colleague

Social responsibilities

The greater the Group develops, the greater the responsibilities there are. Wudeli Flour Mill Group always shoulders its social responsibilities. As the pioneer of China’s flour industry, Wudeli Flour Mill Group always takes the seriously food security and the industry’s steady development of its social responsibilities. In 2010, influenced by multiple factors, the market prices kept rising and the consumer prices are high. In order to stabilise people’s livelihood and lower prices, the state launched a number Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 41


Thomas Allinson:


The doctor/miller struck off for advocating healthy eating by Vaughn Entwistle, Managing Editor, Milling and Grain arly on in the COVID-19 pandemic, millers finally received the recognition they have long deserved as both print and television media covered their heroic efforts to keep the country in flour by doubling shifts, recruiting retired millers to return to work, and working 24/7 to keep the flour coming. One of the mills visited by a BBC film crew was Allinson’s mill in Bishop Stortford in Hertfordshire, England. The original mill first opened in 1892, and was the brainchild of an ambitious entrepreneur, Thomas Allinson, who is

42 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

unique in that, in addition to being a qualified miller, he was also a practicing physician.

Healthy food = healthy body

Born in 1858 near Manchester, Thomas Richard Allinson qualified in medicine at just 21 years of age. Dr Allinson was keenly interested in nutrition and a dedicated practitioner of Naturopathy (a form of medicine that believes health can be maintained through the consumption of natural foods, rather than through the use of drugs). His ideas soon became known as “Allinsonian,” and when he opened a practice in London, he advocated healthy eating and the benefits of wholemeal flour


in bread. In fact, he even authored two books on the subject: “A System of Hygenic Medicine” and “The Advantage of Wholemeal Bread.” In 1892 he followed his own words with deeds when he purchased a stone grinding mill in North London and established the ‘Natural Food Company.’ He then followed up by opening his own bakery producing wholemeal bread. But, at the time, many of Allinson’s beliefs were deemed radical by the medical establishment. In 1892, the Royal College of Physicians ridiculed his theories and he was struck off from the medical register. Luckily, Allinson continued with his Natural Food Company that used the slogan “Health Without Medicine” and continued baking his stone-ground wholewheat bread. Sadly, Allinson had to wait until the First World War for medical orthodoxy to finally catch up when the

health-giving properties of wholewheat bread were officially recognised. The General Medical Council even offered to reinstate him as a doctor, but Allinson turned them down. However, with official recognition of the benefits of wholemeal bread, demand for Allinson’s flours radically increased and the company continued to expand after Allinson’s death in 1918. Additional Allinson mills were opened in Newport, Monmouthshire and Castlerod, Yorkshire where the legacy of producing wholesome, high quality flour and nutritious bread carries on to this day. Thankfully, Thomas Allinson’s contribution to health and nutrition has finally be recognised, and a portrait of Allinson now hangs in the National Portrait Gallery in London—the physician/ miller who was struck off for advocating healthy eating.

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 43





by Bühler Group Switzerland

very miller knows that it is the quality of what goes in that counts. That is why cleaning grain is one of the most important steps in the milling process. Removing impurities makes the biggest difference to the quality of the final flour and makes an essential contribution to ensuring food safety. Vitaris is a modular system from Bühler that enables the miller to achieve a high-quality final product reliably and efficiently. Milling plays an essential role in the food value chain by grinding grain so that its nutrients can be more easily digested. Taking grain and turning it into flour has been the miller’s job for thousands of years. But as simple as the basic process of grinding may sound, achieving a high-quality final product requires skill, experience and sophisticated machinery. When wheat and other grains arrive at the mill, they contain many different types of impurities that have entered the mix at different stages. Metal, stones, weeds, other grains and general debris can all become part of the mix during growth, harvest, storage, and transportation. During the growing season, for example, too much rain can cause the wheat to become mouldy or it might be attacked by insects and diseases. Shrunken, broken, diseased and damaged grains have to be removed. If these impurities are left in the mix, it will affect the quality and odour of the final flour and may pose a health risk. Certain impurities also affect machine efficiency. Cleaning is, therefore, an essential step in the milling process and one that, ultimately, has the most significant impact on the quality of the flour. Removing each of these different types of impurity requires a different process – and therefore a different type of machine. A separator takes out the overs, a concentrator sorts light and heavy fractions, an aspiration channel takes out the lights in the light fraction, a destoner separates according to specific weight. Each of these machines takes up space in the mill and has its own energy requirements. What is more, as every batch of grain

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Vitaris Combicleaner MTKC

is different, each machine has to be fine-tuned for each batch – not just once, but over and over again. With the Vitaris, Bühler introduces the first modular cleaning system on the market. Consisting of four combinable machines, the system guarantees highest food safety while providing optimal performance and minimal space requirements. In combination with energy saving technology, the Vitaris cleaning system is built with advanced sustainability standards in mind.

One for all, all for one

As standalone modules each machine performs a specific task in the grain cleaning cycle, removing and separating fine and course particles and impurities. Each of them meets the highest standards in food safety, quality, energy efficiency, space efficiency and maintenance. Millers can deploy individual machines or add and combine machines from the start or at a later stage, according to their individual requirements. With the machines combined, the finely tuned cleaning system reveals its full strength.

Reducing cost by saving space and energy

Space is a very valuable resource in the compact set-up of modern mills. As every square metre on a mill’s floor represents a significant cost, space must be used efficiently. Optimal machine performance and efficiency, while keeping space requirements to an absolute minimum, are key to reducing fixed cost. With an unrivalled small physical footprint, Bühler’s overall cleaning system, as well as each individual component, deliver the most space efficient solution available on the market. This was achieved by designing smart machine layouts in which individual elements and components are stacked vertically. In addition, consumption of fresh air was reduced in a version that recirculates air. Advanced air-recycling technology reduces the amount of fresh air needed by up to 90 percent and, subsequently, reduces the overall filter surface and thus maintenance thereof. Instead of manually regulating the air flow by flaps, adjustments are performed via electrical frequency converters saving up to 15 percent of energy.

F Fast commissioning

All machines within the system are prewired. Connected to the plant’s power supply at one central point no additional cabling is required, and installation costs are kept to a minimum. The Vitaris cleaning system is comprised of four machines: Air-recycling aspirator MVST for removal of dust and light particles before cleaning Separator MTRD for sorting course materials from fine particles Combistoner MTCH for removal of impurities with a higher specific weight and classification of grain into high-density and heavy fractions Recycling air aspirator MVSS for removal of fine impurities and dust.

Sieving with the Vitaris separator MTRD

One coarse and two sand sieve decks divide the grain from coarse and fine impurities. The grain is fed through an adjustable distribution device in the inlet, spreading the product evenly across the top coarse screen sieve. Sand and seeds are intensively sifted from the grain by the following double sand sieve decks. Overs are discharged through the machine frame saving space and reducing assembly costs. The separator achieves a high throughput of up to 24 tonnes-per-hour in the cleaning process and up to 50 tonnes-per-hour for pre-cleaning at the grain intake in silos. Optionally, an air-recycling unit can be connected upstream or an aspiration channel downstream.

Overview of main benefits

High in sanitation: Stainless steel sieves, FDA-approved plastic parts and the omission of nails, plush and felt allow high sanitary standards. In addition, the closed design of

the machine prevents any foreign parts from falling into the product High in selectivity: Double sand sieve decks provide a larger sieve surface. Three sieve decks allow for higher selectivity Low in maintenance costs: The sieves can be easily tensioned and loosened. The perforated sheets on the sieve frame are fixed without the help of nails or screws. Thanks to a clever quick-clamping system the entire sieve deck can be changed in less than five minutes allowing for maximum uptime.


Like all machines in the Vitaris modular system, the Vitaris separator MTRD can be combined with other units from the range, such as the Vitaris combistoner MTCH, to perform as a combi-cleaning system. Tailored to suit your requirements it can be flexibly combined with the air-recycling aspirator MVST and an air-recycling aspiration channel MVSS or both.

Vitaris combistoner MTCH

Re-using most of the cleaned process air, the Vitaris combistoner MTCH efficiently separates mixed and high-density products and impurities with specific weight such as stones and glass. Thanks to the integrated recirculating air separators the machine requires little fresh air thus saving energy.

Overview of main benefits

High in sanitation: Stainless steel sieves, FDA-approved plastic parts and the omission of any nails, plush and felt allow high sanitary standards. In addition, the closed machine outlets prevent any foreign parts from falling into the product High in energy efficiency: The electric air flow can be controlled

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F via the machine’s integrated system or the plant control system. The air recycling and use of frequency converter reduce the energy consumption by up to 15 percent and fresh air intake by up to 90 percent Low in operating costs and in physical footprint: All wear parts such as sieves, cleaning balls and wear sheets are easily accessible. The sieves can be quickly tensioned and loosened by a quick-clamping system. The perforated sheets on the sieve frame are fixed without the help of nails or screws. Thanks to a clamping device the entire sieve deck can be changed in less than five minutes allowing for maximum uptime. The space saving concept comprises two process steps, destoning and concentrating. The airrecycling version cleans the air in the machine and does not require an external recirculating-air unit High in selectivity: The integrated dust separation is available with fresh air or air recycling operation. The combination of destoner and concentrator allows for separation of particles with high specific weight, such as stones and glass, and division of flow of materials into high density and mixed fractions Configurations: As a component of the modular Vitaris cleaning system, the Vitaris combistoner MTCH can be combined with other units from the range at a later stage. An air-recycling aspirator or an air-recycling channel can be attached. In combination with the separator, the combistoner can be extended to combi-cleaning system.

Separating with the air-recycling aspirator MVST

The product separator is a space-saver with remarkable performance. Separating different products according to their specific weight, the compact Vitaris aspirator MVST requires only a minimum of space. Thanks to the centrally placed feeder device, the MVST requires only a minimum of installation height. For non-free flowing products an active feeder device is available.

Overview of main benefits

Space-saving compact design: The air-recycling aspirator MVST takes up 30 percent less in height than systems utilising air-recycling aspiration channels High in cleaning performance: Connected upstream as the first separation step, it enables the following second step separator to perform more efficiently Low in operating costs: Thanks to the utilisation of recirculated air, fresh air consumption is reduced by up to 90 percent. The air flow can be adjusted either manually at the machine through an integrated frequency converter or recipe based through the plant control system Configurations: Like all machines from the Vitaris modular system, the air-recycling aspirator MVST can be combined with other units from the range at a later stage. It can be flexibly added to the Vitaris separator MTRD and combistoner MTCH.

Separating with air-recycling aspiration channel MVSS

Utilising air-recycling the aspirator efficiently separates fine impurities from the grain, for example reducing mycotoxin content significantly. The air-recycling aspiration channel MVSS is very energy efficient. The improved geometry of the aspiration channel ensures an optimal airflow across the whole width of the MVSS avoiding deposits. Meeting highest food safety standards there are no dead spots at the inlet and the aspiration channel is sealed. Fresh air consumption is reduced by up to 90 percent and energy 46 46 | |July July2020 2020--Milling Millingand andGrain Grain

consumption by up to 15 percent. For non-free flowing products, a feeder device is available that distributes the product over the entire width of the sieve.

Overview of main benefits

High in energy efficiency: The use of recycled air and efficient frequency converter reduce fresh air consumption by up to 90 percent and electricity usage by up to 15 percent. The need for larger sized filter surfaces is significantly reduced User-friendly air flow controls: The air flow is easily and efficiently controlled by a frequency converter. Energy loss that occurs when using traditional air flaps is avoided. The air flow can be adjusted using the integrated controls or the plant’s control system. Product specific adjustments can be made via the plant’s control system Configurations: A part of the Vitaris cleaning system, the airrecycling aspiration channel MVSS can be flexibly combined with an air-recycling aspirator MVST, Vitaris separator MTRD and Combistoner MTCH.

Customer case study

The customer had MTRA 60/100 and MTSC 65/120E machines and wanted to replace them. With Vitaris, he was able to renew his machines with our combination cleaning system. He also saved one floor 3.8 m high and around 5 x 5 m of floor space, where he can now pack his cleaned organic wheat. Advantages are: • New efficient, low-maintenance machines • Space saving for the same work (cleaning) • Possibility to expand into new areas of business


Every mill has its very specific requirements and preferences depending on its size, production volume, production processes as well as considerations for expansion and investment. Given the variety of building specifications and plant layout, what millers require are practical tailormade solutions. The Vitaris cleaning system represents a holistic solution that adapts to your needs. You can add individual machines from the Vitaris system to fit into your existing setup and add other machines at a later stage. The individual machines in the Vitaris cleaning system can be flexibly combined according to your specific requirements. For example: • Vitaris separator MTRD + Vitaris combistoner MTCH (→ Vitaris Combicleaner) • Vitaris separator MTRD + Air-recycling aspiration channel MVSS. • Vitaris combicleaner MTKC + Air-recycling aspiration channel MVSS. + Air-recycling aspirator MVST. Whichever initial configuration you choose, the benefits of the Vitaris cleaning system will have a tangible impact on the overall performance of your plant. From excellent food safety and hygiene to energy savings, one of the most decisive aspects is the unrivalled ratio of performance in relation to physical space. www.buhlergroup.com/vitaris

VIDEO: The Vitaris combistoner is a combination of destoner and concentrator.



Cubes An interesting niche product


by Amandus Kahl GmbH, Germany

he market for petfood and horse feed has grown strongly in recent years and continues to rise. In this market segment, high margins can be achieved compared to fattening feed, which consists mainly of the same components. Petfood is, therefore, particularly attractive for feed manufacturers. The German machine manufacturer Amandus Kahl produces pelleting presses with flat dies with different bores. These different bores ensure the production of large and small pellets in various shapes. Larger pellets for cattle, horses and goats are called “cubes” - a reference to their shape. With over 70 years of experience, Amandus Kahl is an expert in pellet production. Thanks to the horizontally arranged die, Kahl machines can produce a wide range of different pellet diameters and densities.

Facts about cubes and pellets from Amandus Kahl

Apart from the usual cylindrical feed pellets, cubes or pellets with other special sections are in high demand. On the one hand, such pellets facilitate feeding (no rolling), on the other hand, a supplier can thus visually stand out from his competitors. However, the production of these specially shaped pellets is a challenge. In particular, the production of the necessary dies is not possible with any type of machine. 48 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

The Kahl flat die pelleting press is particularly suitable for the production of cubes. The disk-shaped flat dies can be provided easily with the special hole cross-sections. As a result, the costs of the die are significantly reduced. Over the years, Amandus Kahl has developed a cost-effective method for producing square holes. With the Kahl method, square holes can be drilled as simply as round holes. By means of a special contour, the pellets also obtain an additional recognition effect. Our specialists in the manufacturing department have accumulated countless years of experience in the production of different contours, such as “flower” or “clover”. Wear is reduced by using so-called sandwich dies: Only the “lower plate” is provided with the specially shaped holes. An additional upper plate protects the lower plate against wear and can be easily replaced if necessary. As the die is not moved in the machine, even very long pellets (of up to 10cm) can be produced, which are not flung away prematurely. Thus, very large pellets are produced, for example as a reward feed for horses also referred to as “treats”. With the Kahl press, also coarse formulae with a high fibre content can be processed due to the flat die principle. Thus, the pellets have a high nutritional value. The Kahl press also allows quick die change. For the feed producer, this results in a high flexibility in the production of different shapes. info@akahl.de www.akahl.de/en







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Expansion and shaping of compound feed and individual components


by Amandus Kahl GmbH, Germany

wo steps with one machine: The Kahl crown expander not only expands compound feed or individual components, but also shapes them simultaneously. This makes it possible to produce expanded and, at the same time, shaped products such as pellets for all animal species. The aim of the engineers at Amandus Kahl was to design a new expander based on the worldwide and well-known Kahl Annular Gap Expander, equipped with a die at the outlet and a cutting device. An important component of the Annular Gap Expander also remains unchanged in the Crown Expander: The hydraulically movable cone, which is moved like a piston into the crown tool end. The pressure is approxiately 40 bar; the operating temperatures at the expander outlet are between 90 and 140°C. At the expander outlet, the pressure drops spontaneously. The product expands, and a part of the added water evaporates (flash evaporation). The size of the expanded particles or pellets can be determined by means of knives or dies. The SME control with hydraulically adjustable cone ensures a significant improvement of the flexibility of expansion. Contrary to traditional pelleting, coarse particles remain coarse with the Kahl Crown Expander. The thick-walled mixing tube is equipped with replaceable liners and cantilevered shaft provided with proportioning, mixing and kneading elements. Existing Kahl Annular Gap Expanders can easily be modified to Crown Expanders. The treatment of grain components under pressure at a high temperature and moisture content modifies starch. Pathogenic germs, such as salmonellae or moulds, are eliminated by the treatment in the Crown Expander. Expanded mixtures increase the press capacity. The German mechanical engineering company has been

50 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

designing and manufacturing expanders for several decades and has a high level of expertise in this process technology. Based in northern Germany, the company manufactures its machines, individual parts, spare and wear parts exclusively in Germany. Visit our website for more information and an overview of the Kahl machine repertoire. info@akahl.de https://www.akahl.de


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The Diorit MDDY600/250 is now also available in a single-sided or double-sided longitudinally split design.

Diorit four-roller mill now also longitudinally split


by Nicholas Trounce, Head of Product Management, Bühler Group, Switzerland

igh food and operating safety as well as low maintenance: Bühler’s Diorit four or eight roller mill consistently and safely grinds a variety of grains. The Diorit MDDY-600/250 four-roller mill is now also available in a longitudinally split version. Bühler’s Diorit MDDY/MDDZ four or eight-roller mill has proven itself since its market launch in 2017. Thanks to its robust design, reliable grinding and exemplary hygiene, the Diorit is now well-established on the market as a cost-effective yet extremely powerful grinding solution. With the Diorit roller mill, wheat, corn, rye, barley, spelt and other types of grain can be reliably ground with high consistency. Since it was first introduced, over 1,500 Diorit roller mills have been sold and are used throughout the world.

Diorit 2019

Last year, Bühler made further improvements to the Diorit, particularly in terms of its user-friendliness. The most obvious innovation of the new Diorit 2019 generation is its completely revised control system. The user interface has been fully overhauled and re-designed, and now facilitates intuitive and simple monitoring and control of the roller mill. However, operation of the 2019 generation Diorit mill is not only possible via its newly designed touch screen control panel; the web server integrated into the new machine controls also allows remote operation. 52 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

So, thanks to the wireless network, the Diorit roller mill can be operated via smartphone, tablet or PC. This means that the touch screen control system is no longer necessary on the roller mill, but is available on request as an option. Another innovative feature on the Diorit 2019 roller mill is the grinding chamber that has been enlarged by 30mm. This gives the Diorit operator more room for sampling.

Diorit four-roller mill with a longitudinally split design

The Diorit 2019 is available as a four or eight-roller mill in a total of nine different models. The Diorit MDDY-600/250 fourroller mill is now available in three different versions, offering the flexibility to choose between two and four milling passages. The standard version of the Diorit four-roller mill with a roller length of 600mm enables two milling passages. The new, longitudinally split version is available for one side (L1) or for both sides (L2). On the model with one side split (L1), one side of the roller mill is split into two passages of 300mm each. This enables the four-roller mill to grind three milling passages at the same time. On the version with two sides split (L2), both sides of the roller mill are split into two 300mm passages each. The Diorit MDDY-600/250/L2 four-roller mill thus has a total of four milling passages. On the side of the roller mill that is split longitudinally, the inlet, feeder and control system are split in two. This means that the grinding properties can be controlled individually for each passage. The MDDY-600/250 four-roller mill with rollers split longitudinally is the ideal solution for small mills and school

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F mills that have a grinding capacity of between 24 and 60 tonnesper-day.

Reliable monitoring

The modern sensor technology in the new generation Diorit also ensures that the rollers always run in the optimal position and at optimum speed. The Diorit roller mill features integrated monitoring of the roller disengagement function. This prevents the rollers from running against each other if there is no product present, generating an error message where necessary. The speed monitoring of the rear milling roller checks while the mill is operational that the toothed belt for the drive is working properly. The optionally available, continuous monitoring of the roller and bearing temperature triggers an alarm immediately and stops the drive as soon as the roller or bearing temperature rises excessively. Additional safeguards provide the operating personnel with the highest level of operational safety. When using fluted rollers, Diorit offers hand protection. This enables the operator to take product samples in complete safety while the mill is running.

Food-safe design

The Diorit roller mill is also distinguished by its outstanding food safety. All parts of the Diorit roller mill that come into contact with the product are made from rust-free stainless steel or other food-safe materials. Lockable covers safeguard access to the machine and ensure that no contamination is able to make its way into the roller mill. The pivoting feeder module permits fast and complete product discharge and allows easy access for cleaning. The Diorit’s sturdy, durable, cast-iron machine frame provides

an optimal base for high grinding performance in 24-hour continuous operation. The wide inlet and the variable speed of the feeding roll ensure even feeding across the entire length of the grinding roll, contributing to consistent product quality. The compact roll pack with self-contained forces means that a high degree of setting accuracy and milling stability can be achieved. The low-wear, maintenance-friendly and silent toothed belt power transmission ensures quiet, reliable, constant operation. The Diorit roller’s low maintenance requirements are truly impressive. The low-wear belt overdrive ensures a long service life and reliable continuous operation. The Quick Pack roller package speeds up roller changes, increasing operating time and contributing to an even better overall efficiency of the mill.

Customised solutions possible

Bühler’s Diorit roller mill is available as a four or eightroller mill with different roller lengths ranging from 600mm to 1500mm. The four-roller mill is also available in versions with roller lengths of 1,000 and 1,250mm and a roller diameter of 300mm. This increases the roller surface by 20 percent which extends the surface life of the rollers. The grinding surface is increased by 10 percent resulting in a higher flour yield in the fine semolina passages and a higher proportion of fine-ground flour and less starch damage in the smooth roller passages. Different product inlets, scrapers and rollers can be selected for all Diorit models. This means that every requirement in terms of performance and throughput can be met. The Diorit roller mill can also be adapted to individual requirements with a wide range of optional additional functions such as direct extraction and water cooling. www.buhlergroup.com/diorit



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Satake in West Africa


by Kassem Nameh, Manager, Satake West Africa fficially opened in April 2016, Satake West Africa, located in the strategically important city of Abidjan in Cote d’Ivoire, is Satake’s regional base from which it markets its cutting-edge technology for the rapidly developing region. The West African agricultural and processing sectors are constantly growing, particularly the rice, coffee and cashew industries. As the demand for new technology, greater efficiency and higher throughputs for grain processing and associated industries continuously increases, Satake West Africa is poised to respond to the growing needs of customers in the region. In West Africa, rice consumption is especially high and accounts for a high proportion of the overall food consumption. This region depends on international imports for 40 percent of its rice supply. Thailand, and increasingly, Vietnam, are the region’s main rice suppliers, the main importing countries being Benin, Senegal and Cote d’Ivoire. In March 2020, according to CommodAfrica, it is estimated that West Africa imports around 14,155 million tonnes (mt) of rice against a worldwide trade of 41,688mt. West Africa imports around 30 percent of rice traded internationally. For instance, in Nigeria, the local rice consumption per capita of 32kg has increased 4.7 percent in the past decade, almost four times the global consumption growth, and reached 6.4mt in 2017, accounting for 20 percent of Africa’s consumption. In order to keep pace with the constant rising demand, local governments have put in place ambitious long-term measures such as initiatives and programs to strengthen self-sufficiency in rice since 2010. Programmes such as the ‘Rice Initiative’ in Mali, the ‘GOANA’ in Senegal, the ‘PUASA’ in Benin and the ‘ONDR’ in Cote d’Ivoire. These programmes have accelerated the creation of new industrial and semi-industrial rice mills, capable of producing milled local

56 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain






rice of medium-to-high quality. The number of private investors in rice processing has been on the rise since 2015, particularly in Nigeria, where Satake has had many successes in the installation and commissioning of large-scale rice mills. Such rice mills vary in capacity from eight tonnes-per-hour to 16 tonnes-per-hour. Satake’s rice milling technology is now widely accepted as producing the best quality finished parboiled rice in Nigeria. Also recently installed by Satake is a large-scale rice milling plant, with 12 tonnes-per-hour capacity, in Mauritania. The rice market in Mauritania has been growing rapidly for the last five years and local investors recognise Satake as a supplier of leading technologies. In 2018, Satake introduced to the market the latest rice processing technology called the REACH system. It is a semi-assembled modular rice milling plant incorporating all receiving, pre-cleaning, husking, milling, optical sorting and packing stage equipment. It is designed to maximise the installation efficiency and cost performance by utilising standardised components manufactured in Satake’s Thailand production facility. The result is an astonishing two weeks of onsite-installation time compared to the usual three-to-four months. For regions where multiple annual harvests are the norm, this will allow rice mill owners to start up a production line before the next harvest season and maximise investment return. The line-up currently consists of System 7.0 and System 3.0, delivering seven and three tonnes-per-hour of paddy processing capacity respectively. Besides rice, Satake has been actively promoting optical sorting technology used to clean different types of seeds, grains and nuts in the West Africa region. Satake uses the latest colour, infra-red, and shape recognition technology to meet the users’ needs and safety requirements, reducing waste, increasing yield and profits. Today, Cote d’Ivoire is one of the largest producers and exporters of Robusta coffee beans in the world, accounting for around 100,000 tonnes of beans a year. Satake has successfully installed and commissioned dozens of optical sorters in the coffee sector alone. Cote d’Ivoire is also the largest producers and exporters of cashew nuts in









Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 57








Africa with approximately 800,000 tonnes produced last year. The cashew market in Cote d’Ivoire and other nearby countries such as Guinea-Bissau and Benin, has been growing rapidly in the last five years. This has attracted many foreign investors and the market has seen a rise in its processing plants. The flour and maize milling are another sector also expected to grow in the West African market. In 2017, the highly respected brand Henry Simon, an innovative icon in flour milling equipment for over a century, was re-launched. Its unique Intelligent Milling System is being successfully promoted in the region. In Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana alone, Satake has been approached by many potential foreign investors who have identified the benefits of Henry Simon equipment and processing technology. Satake’s long standing commitment and presence in West Africa has been solidified by the opening of its regional office, Satake West Africa. Successes achieved in the rice processing sector, as well as other commodities such as coffee beans, is a result of continuous participation in exhibitions and conferences held in countries such as in Benin, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria and Ghana, and an ongoing programme to train local engineers to provide and offer comprehensive after sales services. Together, with an additional spare parts warehouse and distribution centre for further improvements, Satake continues to provide the best possible customer service. https://satake-group.com


Chinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s feed industry: Developing trends


by Weiguo Wang, Chairman, Feed Branch of the Chinese Cereals and Oil Association, China

hinaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s feed industry began to grow significantly in 1978, which was also the first year of reform in China, resulting in China being the global leader in feed production for the past decade. The apid development of the Chinese feed industry makes a great contribution to the development of animal feeding industry and rich supply of meat, dairy and eggs available to Chinese citizens. According to annual statistical data by the Chinese Feed Industry Association, in 2019, the total industrial feed production of China reached 228.854 million tonnes (mt). This was a 3.7 percent reduction when compared to 2018, primarily a result of Africa Swine Fever (ASF). In 2019, formulated feed, concentrated feed and additive premix production reached 210,138mt, 12,419mt and 5426 million tonnes respectively, which were three percent, 12.4 percent and 10.6 percent reductions respectively compared to 2018. The feed production volumes by species were as follows: swine feed 76,632mt, layered feed 31,166mt, poultry feed 84,648mt, ruminant feed 1109mt, pet food 0.871mt, aqua feed 22,029mt and other feed 2419mt. China remained the top producer of swine feed and aqua feed in the world in 2019.

vitamin and trace mineral additives production reached 330, 127 and 590mt respectively, experiencing 10.5 percent, 14.7 percent and 4.1 percent year-on-year growth. Enzyme and directly fed microbial preparation products witnessed an increase in sales by 16.6 and 19.3 percent respectively, compared to the previous year.

Total output value

In order to ensure the sustainable development of feed and to continue to supply quality, safe and efficient feed products to customers, the Chinese feed industry will continue to focus on the following key technological developments:

The total output value of the feed industry in China in 2019 was 80,881 billion yuan, a nine percent reduction when compared to 2018. Feed additive product value reached 83.93 billion yuan in 2019.

Feed additive production in 2019

The total output of feed additives in China reached 11,992mt, an increase of 8.2 percent when compared to 2018. Amino acid, 60 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

The intensification of production

In 2019, 621 feed mills with a production capacity of over 100,000 tonnes were functioning in China, 35 less feed mills running than the previous year. Their total feed production reached 106.597mt, accounting for 46.6 percent of the total Chinese feed production. A total of seven feed mills produced in excess of 500, 000mt of produce and the single largest feed mill produced 1107mt of feed in 2019.

Top feed production provinces

Nine provinces in China surpassed 10 million tonnes of annual feed production in 2019, including Shandong, Guangdong, Guangxi, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Hebei, Hubei, Sichuan and Hunan. The feed production of Shandong province was top of the list, reaching an impressive 37,789mt. Guangdong province ranked the top second with feed production exceeding 29,238mt.

Technological trends within the Chinese feed industry

AGP-free feed technologies

Antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) will be officially banned from July 1st, 2020 in China. This will bring a great challenge to many feed mills and farms. Although some AGP-replacing





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F technologies have achieved success in China, it is still a difficult task to obtain both cost-effective and comprehensive solutions that provide everything one would need for their farm.

Protein source development and utilisation technologies

As well as being the top feed producer worldwide, China is also the largest soybean meal consumer for compound feed production. In 2019, China imported more than 80mt of soybeans. It is estimated that China will require more protein-rich materials for feed production in the future to keep up with demand. Therefore, increasing native soybean production, developing new and quality protein sources and innovative technologies to enhance feed protein utilisation will be a very important developing trend within the country.

Novel feed processing technologies

Novel feed processing technology trends will mainly focused on the new physical processing technologies and novel bioprocessing technologies. The first includes new cleaning, special grinding, thermal conditioning, extruding and drying technologies etc, which can be improved through improved use of energy efficient resources. The second refers to specific fermentation technologies for use with different raw materials and feed products, which can reduce anti-nutritional complications, predigest the materials, improve the nutritional profile and flavors, produce some functional components etc.

New advanced feed machinery technologies

Technological innovations for feed processing machinery are

very important to the production efficiency, production cost, safety and quality of feed mills. Feed machinery technology will be analysed and improved based upon the following factors: higher energy efficiency of machinery, safer machinery technologies, intelligent control technologies of feed processing machines and whole production lines.

Rapid quality detecting technologies

Quick testing technologies for raw materials, feed additives, products in progress and finished products are very important for feed quality control and decision making. NIR and other new nondestructive testing technologies will play a more important role in the feed industry in the future.

The Easy Way to Control Moisture Digital Moisture Sensors for Grain, Rice and Animal Feed

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Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 6312:43:47 01/10/2018


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Innovative FLour processing technology


by Wu Wenbin, Henan University of Technology, China

n December 2019, myself and Milling and Grain magazine’s Roger Gilbert, Darren Parris and Tuti Tan, were lucky enough to visit Zhengzhou Homes Cereal Engineering Co, Ltd., and Zhengzhou Golden Grain Mechanical Engineering Co, Ltd. (Also known as ‘GG’). The chairman of the enterprise, Professor Li Dongsen was kind enough to provide some background about GG as a company and provided us with the opportunity to visit the workshop and gain an understanding of the historical development of the company, their scale of production, unique products and innovative technologies. GG served as the foundation for Zhengzhou Grain College (which is now known as Henan University of Technology). The company has, since its establishment, been committed to providing customers with the latest in grain processing technologies, providing advanced electrical automation control equipment and tailored solutions for food industry users. GG has a rather unique background, when compared to most

66 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

companies in the sector. In the early days, GG did not specialise in equipment manufacturing, instead serving as a research institution that provided customers with technical advice and services ranging from general plant design, electrical and automation control, budget and economic evaluation as well as analysis of raw material use. As GG began to gain traction, the demand for quality engineering solutions in the milling sector led to GG establishing Zhengzhou Homes Cereal Company, the engineering sector of the business. At the early stage of Homes Cereal Engineering Company’s development, the company had been focussed on the development and improvement of engineering technology and, as a result, had gathered a variety of experienced professionals from flour mills around the country to establish a professional team. As a leading engineering company in the industry, GG has been conducting continuous and in-depth analysis of the whole grain manufacturing industry chain and formed its own supply chain system based upon conceived demands and requirements within the sector.

F Against this impressive backdrop, the company evolved to become what is now known as Golden Grain. GG can provide complete sets of wheat processing equipment, electrical automation and storage solutions, which are a result of their rich theoretical and practical experience. GG can also boast its own installation and commissioning service team which ensures turnkey projects will run smoothly from start to finish. GG continue to invest in R&D year on year, in order to continue to supply the best solutions for their customers. One of the first R&D projects undertaken was the research and development of a new insecticide machine and flour inspection sieve for consumers. More recently, GG have developed an optimised water control system, electronic flow balance and wheat mixer and created a series of high-end electromechanical integration products. Innovation is at the heart of GG, and this was abundantly clear during our visit to their facilities. In the international market, GG has customers all over the country, with more than 300 enterprise users, such as COFCO Group, Wudeli Group, Malang Imam. They consider maintaining a good relationship with these companies to be the key driver to ensure optimal customer satisfaction. In the international market, turnkey projects have been successfully implemented by GG in Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, the Philippines, South America and Africa. As a company that pioneer the way with new technologies, GG will continue to seek out new innovative solutions for the flour milling sector. The company expres that their current focus is firmly rooted on the pursuit of advanced technology, with the goal to provide customers with high-quality products that are easy to use and generate brilliant results every time. www.g-grain.com

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Leading ruminant amino acid nutrition by Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health Milling and Grain magazine were very happy for the opportunity to speak with Mr Robert Hamilton, Technical Sales Manager UK & Ireland and Mr Stefaan van Dyck, President, Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health EMENA about their leading amino acid solutions for the animal feed industry. Can you provide some background about Kemin’s history in amino acid nutrition? Can you also defend the idea that you are a pioneer of the amino acid balancing concept?

Stefaan Van Dyck: Kemin pioneered the entire amino-acidbalancing concept. For more than a decade, we have been dedicated to providing the best products, tools and knowledge for the best implementation of amino acid nutrition. We have become recognised experts in this area, serving customers with both knowledge and application. Our team of experienced professionals serve as a reference point for customers, transferring our scientific findings and adapting these findings for the best practical implementation. With more than 10 years of expertise and field experience, we can state that we are today the EMENA market reference in amino acid formulation.

Why is it an important step forward for ruminant health to have both rumen-protected lysine and rumenprotected methionine available from a single supplier?

Robert Hamilton: We feel today that dairy producers are demanding improved solutions to advance their precision in formulation, efficiency and sustainability in operations. Amino acid formulation is a key tool to meet these requirements. However, it is a complex concept where product and technical services must work closely together to maximise the implementation benefits. We have set our own principles and found a new way to apply the amino acids concept to improve dairy farming profitability, which is backed up with a wealth of success stories and testimonials. We are reaching and perfecting the next level in ruminant nutrition through extensive services, solution offerings and technical expertise. Our aim is to continue working closely with customers, providing innovation and efficiencies. We are the only company supplying the best sources of metabolisable methionine and lysine for ruminants, both of which are easy to handle and are pellet stable, based on our encapsulation and core technology, scientifically proven and consistently tested under field conditions, supported through our Lifelong Learning program.

What is KESSENT? How does it fit in with Kemin’s other amino acid solutions?

Robert Hamilton: KESSENT™ M is a new source of rumen protected methionine for the modern dairy producer who is looking for improve efficiency and operation sustainability. This product has been developed with a proprietary core 68 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

technology that provides a combination of granule uniformity, spherisation, specific gravity, and particle size. The unique combination of special technical protection and ideal core technology provides a high stability and homogeneity for our rumen-protected methionine. These key characteristics supply the highest amount of methionine available to the animal, as shown by the high degree of rumen escape and high intestinal digestibility.

What makes a rumen-protected amino acid reliable? How does Kemin stand out from competitor products offered by other manufacturers?

Robert Hamilton: Several products in the market have bioavailability issues which negatively impacts the desired outcome. This lack of bioavailability results in lower efficiency and lower profitability than expected. We developed a three-step validation process, which is now an international reference, and which shows the effectiveness and superiority of our products. This is the only and most reliable tool to test rumen protection. The first step is conducted under in vitro conditions, the second step in vivo and the third step under field conditions. KESSENT’s superiority and higher stability is proven in our Ruminant In Vitro Release Model. This model studies the behaviour of different rumen protected methionine supplements simulating all gastric phases. Under in vitro conditions, we measured that the product combines both a high methionine availability with a high stability under field conditions, resulting in the highest metabolisable methionine content for ruminant formulation. Kessent produces the best productive performance results and profitability, improves the yields in cheese production and allows more accurate ruminant diet formulations. This was shown consistently throughout countless field, academic and industry trials.

I understand that an important part of Kemin’s amino acid offering is the technical services you provide, what does this service consist of?

Robert Hamilton: We are very proud to have a qualified and experienced ruminant team to maximise the benefits for our customers. With this team, we can provide the right knowledge and technical service for the most profitable amino acid implementation under field conditions. This team is supported by our Customer Laboratory Services (CLS). They offer tailored scientific support for nutritional and integrity evaluation and determine the right inclusion rate calculation in every individual situation. We also offer the Lifelong Learning Program to our customers.




Аdd: Zhengding, Shijiazhuang,Hebei,China Tel: +86-311-88268111 Fax: +86-311-88268777 E-mail:pingle@pingle.cn / www.plflourmill.com

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The Power of Phytogenics! • Increases feed intake and supports digestibility • Helps to maintain flavor profile across diet changes • Beneficial for all stages of growth and development • No negative side effects or withdrawal periods • Increases profitability

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Naturally ahead

70 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

This program is a personalised and continuous training program to support customers applying in practice scientific findings. This knowledge plays a fundamental role in providing the most precise, efficient, healthy, sustainable and profitable formulation. The need for highly specialised support is also reflected in the number of customers that engage in the program and the very high turnout at our global and local seminar series. We gather experts from both industry and academia to discuss current and future challenges in the dairy industry. The success of these seminars shows the need for continuous technical support and a vision for the future of the dairy industry.

In which markets is KESSENT available?

Stefaan Van Dyck: The entire KESSENT range has been available from January 1st, 2020 across the EU and UK. However, for non-EU countries, KESSENT products will be available pending local registrations, from January 1st, 2020.

How do you see the market for rumen-protected lysine and methionine?

Stefaan Van Dyck: We believe there is a big potential in this area, based on market size and new applications for both the dairy and beef industry. With new approaches and developments, we are constantly creating new opportunities. We have developed the lysine and methionine market and are leading it. We feel very confident that our market penetration will continue to grow.

How do you see amino acids evolving in the dairy and beef industries? Do you think there are benefits in supplementation that are only now starting to be appreciated?

Robert Hamilton: We are seeing an increase in the number of research papers focusing on amino acid balancing. We ourselves are looking into new ways of formulation, considering reproduction, health, industry, immune system, etc. based on amino acids as essential nutrients. We are convinced that there is a great need for technical knowledge and collaboration to tackle the many challenges in dairy nutrition. The ever-increasing professionalism and complexity of our industry is for us a key driver to double down on our technical support, for both existing products and innovation, to tackle issues that have not yet been solved. This increasing complexity is a challenge that we embrace in close partnership with our customers. It is the only way to continue the advancement of an efficient, healthy and sustainable ruminant industry. Kemin is ready and set to support our customers to enter the next level of ruminant nutrition. Kemin’s Ruminant Essentialities goes beyond just amino acid solutions and includes other feed additive categories. What other innovations is Kemin bring to the ruminant market now? Robert Hamilton: Ruminant Essentialities comprises of a complete ruminant portfolio. All products have been scientifically proven and consistently tested under field conditions. We focus on efficiency, precision and sustainability, as dairy producers are constantly demanding solutions to improve these parameters. We are also highly focused on improving animal health, fertility and production, committing to further extend new solutions for metabolic health and transition. The aim is to provide total solutions for the ruminant market. Along with KESSENT we have launched CholiGEM a secondgeneration encapsulated choline chloride product. CholiGEM has the highest concentration (54%) and the highest bioavailability in the market, yet another innovation from Kemin! www.kemin.com


The whole grain flour Benefits, trends and challenges


by Peter Marriott, General Manager, Henry Simon Milling, UK s a partnership of international organisations and scientists dedicated to promoting wholegrain diets, the Whole Grain Initiative announced the first ‘International Whole Grain Day’ on November 19th last year to emphasise the need for prioritising whole grain foods in dietary

guidelines. The broad health benefits of whole grain products are perceived with their high dietary fibre and nutritious content. This has led to a significant increase in whole wheat flour production and a variety of end-use applications today. However, there are still some open points and issues considering the global consumption, in which the industry and legislations should focus on this.

Health benefits

There is an increasing number of scientific evidence that connects whole grain with a reduced risk of many noncommunicable diseases – including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and some cancers. The recent ‘Global Burden of Diseases Study’ has shown that a poor diet is responsible for more deaths globally than tobacco, high blood pressure, or any other health risk. Low consumption of whole grains was highlighted as on a par with excessive sodium consumption, as the leading dietary factors contributing to this.


Whole wheat flour is generally made of hard wheat with high protein content and good dough strength as a result. Chemical components and physical properties of the outer portions of the wheat kernel influence the baking properties. Literature suggests that moderate bran particle size is the best for bread production, while small particle size is better for nongluten applications. Shelf-life of whole wheat flour is shorter 72 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

compared to white flour due to the presence of lipids and lipiddegrading enzymes. Lipolytic degradation leads to a reduction in functionality, palatability, and nutritional properties. Strategies to stabilise whole wheat flour have focused on controlling lipolytic enzyme activity and have marginally succeeded.

Production and processing

Whole grain flour is still preferred for different types of homemade and flat bread in some parts of the world, because of its traditional aroma and taste properties. The whole grain loaves are also started to be consumed globally with the awareness of the new health trends. And whole grain semolina from durum wheat has even become popular nowadays for the production of whole grain pasta products.

F The production of whole grain flour is based on the traditional grinding method by using industrial stone mills. In some cases, this ground material is sifted again, so the coarser fraction following sifting could be reground and blended back to provide relatively finer and uniformly ground whole grain flour. The vast majority of the whole wheat flour in large facilities is produced by reconstituting the ground fractions to the same level as is present in the kernel of wheat. This allows cutting the bran finer before adding it back. Finely ground bran is less intrusive in the baking process and more palatable.


The consumption of whole grain-based products has been recently growing, but still remains low globally for some reasons. Whole grains are exactly defined, but actually whole-grain foods are not, yet. Much of the confusion identifying whole grain options are the result of inadequate or non-existent regulation for labelling of whole-grain foods. Having an established wholegrain food definition will encourage manufacturers to produce foods with meaningful amounts of whole grain, allow consistent product labelling and messaging, and empower consumers to readily identify whole-grain foods and achieve whole-grain dietary recommendations. The millers and cereal foods manufacturers can also be responsible to increase the supply of whole-grain options. They have the technology and the know-how to use whole grain flours in place of refined grain, and they can innovate to bring new healthy whole grain products to market that meet consumerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s expectations. www.henrysimonmilling.com

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 73


Considering the options: Pushbutton vs HMI display controls


by Gary Roberts, Automation, Northwind, USA

hose of us that are familiar with controls systems have seen some of the benefits that can be gained when using a human machine interface (HMI) versus using a simple pushbutton control panel. Some of the main benefits an HMI provides include increased efficiency, safety, and overall functionality. While a pushbutton panel is easily understood and simple, it can be severely limiting in the level of complexity the systems it can handle. Another limitation is that the efficiency of a pushbutton panel depends solely on the experience of the operator.

Pushbutton control panels

Plants have been running for ages using pushbutton equipment control. This method is well understood by the people who operate these systems and their efficiency is directly tied to the experience, proficiency and focus of the operator. Because pushbuttons are simple, it is sometimes an inexpensive solution for use in small systems. Ideally, a pushbutton panel is used on a simple system with just a few pieces of equipment. For example, it may be easier to understand and functionally adequate to run a small vacuum and receiver system by simply using a “start/stop” button. Pushbutton panels begin to exhibit shortcomings when the system grows to more than just a few pieces of equipment. With multiple machines in operation, it is not always clear which machine is running at any given time and this can make diagnosing issues a nightmare. Another shortcoming of pushbutton panels is that it is hard for new workers to learn how different operating systems interact with others on the plant floor. This can lead to increased training time and lower production as a trainee is learning 74 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

to use the system. Further limitations of pushbutton panels come in the area of documentation. Because there is no display available on the panel, it is often necessary to go to each piece of equipment in the plant to document weights, flow rates, etc. Also, in order to troubleshoot a pushbutton panel, the panel door must be opened. This can lead to safety hazards with live voltage or difficulties troubleshooting if the panel is powered off.

HMI control panels

As factory processes and control systems grow more complex, it is apparent that having a graphical display on control panels becomes the best solution in almost all cases. Also, systems that need to communicate with each other, such as an extruder/dryer system, require a display in order to run efficiently. In most cases, an entire system with multiple pieces of equipment can be run from one well integrated HMI display. Maximising production and testing is also easier using HMI’s because many values can be altered through the display. It is possible to set the display to show all of the data a user may need to document including production levels and efficiencies. Lot tracking, weights, flow rates, and trending information are some of the more common types of information that are documented with an HMI. The HMI can also be designed to include faults and warnings in order to more easily troubleshoot problems. In fact, the capabilities of HMI panels can exceed the actual needs of a system. The program file for an HMI display can be developed concurrently with the project electrical installation. This can


lead to reduced lead times since the file can be installed during the system start-up phase. With large and complicated systems, wiring for an HMI panel can also be a much cleaner and safer affair. Since only an ethernet cord needs to be run to the door of the HMI panel, the amount of wiring is greatly reduced compared to wiring a large number of pushbuttons that would otherwise be needed to obtain similar functionality. Some of the shortcomings of an HMI are higher cost and potential deterioration in abusive environments. For systems where harsh chemicals are used or other inhospitable conditions exist, the more rugged pushbutton option may be recommended. A way to circumvent this is to use a pushbutton panel in the abusive area linked with an HMI panel located in a more accommodating environment. While most HMIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s are fairly sturdy, the display screens may not be able to stand up to prolonged abuse. And while HMI panels offer increased functionality, they simply may not be cost effective for very small systems.

Retrofitting pushbutton systems

It is almost always better to decide at the beginning of a project (during the design phase) to use an HMI rather than to add one in later. However, it is possible to retrofit an older pushbutton panel with a display in order to gain the advantages of an HMI. When changing from a pushbutton to an HMI panel, physical copies of drawing packages can be condensed into the program file on the display. This allows the user to easily find I/O and tag information that is otherwise difficult to find. In addition, while drawing sets can be lost or damaged during normal production, the program file in an HMI provides a more stable platform to store information. Since an HMI display often reduces the required size of the panel, it is usually unnecessary to purchase a new panel. A retrofit may simply require that a new door be ordered to eliminate the holes left by buttons and accommodate the HMI display screen.


In summary, the main benefit to using a pushbutton panel comes in the form of simplicity and cost savings, especially for small, simple processes. However, this is generally only true on systems that can be run with fewer than 8-10 buttons. While an HMI can be more expensive to implement, it is possible to manage much larger systems through the use of a screen. In addition, documentation and information availability is much greater and easier with a system display. An HMI display can also provide greater safety than pushbutton panels. The decision about which type of panel will be right for a project should therefore be based on the size of the system to be controlled, how much functionality the system will require and the project budget. www.northwindts.com Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 75



Smart, integrated hub ports need high efficiency unloading equipment


by Bruks Siwertell, Sweden

omorrowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s import terminals will have higher degrees of integration and digital technology, enabling dynamic speed adjustment for the just-in-time arrivals of ships through to a host of automated systems; a critical part will be highly efficient unloading systems to match, explains Bruks Siwertell President, Per Karlsson. Dramatic increases in populations, often with a tendency to cluster around ports, will drive change across the globe. Not only will we see higher levels of integration and the use of digitalisation and automated systems within the port environment, but also, we are likely to see a shift in the use of technology. We will not be able to meet demand without change. Tomorrowâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ports will look different. Some historic but wasteful practices will have had their day, stepping aside to make way for better ones. Ports will employ smarter systems that deliver accurate real-time data enabling ships to dynamically adjust their speed, potentially slow-steaming, so they no longer burn more

76 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

fuel only to wait at anchor for a spot on the jetty. With these smart systems, terminals will also be able to facilitate the full integration of intermodal services that connect to the port, for example, truck and rail wagons ready to meet a vessel being unloaded. In fact, we are already seeing a clear market trend for new cement, fertiliser and grain projects looking to build up capacity on the jetty, and within the terminal. This maximises the speed at which material can be discharged from a vessel and then transferred to an onward receiving system, minimizing the time any dry bulk material spends in storage. Not only is this efficient, but the faster the terminal moves material on from storage, or bypasses it altogether, the quicker its financial turn-over.

Growth of four billion

Todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s world population is about seven billion, but the United Nations (UN) estimates that by 2100 it will rise to around eleven billion. This is a huge increase, not only in terms of predicted demand for basic needs like food and power, but also for the raw materials to build infrastructures. For grain alone, which equates

STORAGE to about 600 million metric tonnes-per-year in international seaborne trade, demand is expected to increase at about 1.5 to 2 percent per year. However, in 2017, the annual increase was as high as seven percent. Meeting this demand will also come at a time when 28 countries have declared a climate emergency. Never has there been more environmental scrutiny on bulk handling practices and the industry as a whole. It stands to reason that grab unloaders will become less common in ports in the future. The dust emissions and their high degree of spillage, which can be up to two percent of a load, will make them unacceptable, particularly for powdery cargoes and delicate materials that are likely to degrade with heavy handling. Dry bulk handling equipment has a long service life, especially mechanical systems such as chain, chain and bucket and screw-type unloaders, so dry bulk handling operators must make prudent choices now. These decisions will influence a terminalâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s long-term profitability, capacity, utilisation and environmental impact. All factors that need to be considered. With this in mind, the highest performing equipment should become standard. We would argue that Siwertell unloaders should take this position, and for good reason. Not every piece of equipment can unload every material, but some are far less suitable than others. For example, bucket chain unloaders are not used for grain handling, mainly due to their very high weight, which has a negative impact on cost. The unloader itself is also not completely enclosed in the transfer between the vertical and horizontal conveyor, and because of that dust can escape. This type of unloader is mostly used for high-capacity coal unloading. Chain unloaders are enclosed; however, they have some fundamental drawbacks for some materials. Similar to pneumatic unloaders, they lack the capability of withstanding any digging forces because of their weak steel structures, making them unsuitable for any compacted bulk. This is the main reason why chain unloaders are not used for materials such as coal, and neither pneumatics nor chain unloaders are used for fertilisers and soya meal, where digging forces are needed for efficient unloading. If these are used, they require extremely extensive assistance from payloaders and excavators.

Handling multiple materials

Siwertell screw-type unloaders are the only enclosed systems on the market that have the capability of handling many different kinds of bulk materials, including highly volatile commodities such as sulfur. Throughout the world, Siwertell unloader installations handle more than 45 different bulk materials including coal, biomass pellets, salt, cement, all different kinds of grain and soya meals as well as all variations of fertiliser. They are also capable of unloading at very high capacities, regardless of bulk material type. High-capacity mega-terminals served by Siwertell screw-type ship unloaders include an installation in Liverpool, in the UK, which has a rated capacity of 1,800t/h for handling grain, and achieves an average capacity of 70 percent when unloading 75,000 dwt vessels, and transfer terminals on the Amazon River in Brazil unloading soya beans from barges at between 1,500 and 1,700t/h at an average efficiency of 75 percent. For other materials, a Siwertell cement unloader in Texas, in the US, has a rated capacity of 1,500t/h, and two unloaders at the Ha Tinh steel plant in Vietnam, each have a capacity of 2,400t/h when handling thermal and metallurgical coal. Both of these were groundbreaking for their time; the former set the highest cement-handling rates on the market in 2006 and the latter is the first installation of dedicated Siwertell coal unloaders for the steel industry. We believe that Siwertell unloaders can meet all types of requirements from any client in the world and we claim that our screw-type unloader is much more efficient and environmentally friendly than any other unloading system available on the market. Grain handling is an arena where Siwertell competes well with traditional unloading systems such as pneumatics. Both are totally enclosed, which means no dust or cargo spillage, but the comparison ends there. Siwertell systems offer significantly higher capacities, efficiencies and lower power consumption demands, positively impacting the environment.

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 77


F Being gentle with grain

They also deliver additional benefits. The unloading velocity of Siwertell unloaders is only 10 percent of that offered by pneumatic unloaders, which translates into far fewer collisions between material particles in the conveyor, dramatically reducing degradation rates. This is especially important for sensitive materials such as soya beans, corn, alumina, wood pellets and other similar materials. An unloader must use a light touch when handling commodities like grain, because of the production of powdery fragments, smaller than the grain particles themselves, known as fines. Fines are problematic for many types of cargo, but in grain handling they can make the grain more difficult to aerate and increase spoilage rates and dust emissions. Fines also have to be removed before milling; therefore, their presence has a significant knock-on effect on grain processing as a whole. A high level of fines in a grain shipment can also mean that the quality of the shipment is downgraded.

Efficiency of cargo reach

Cargo degradation is one drawback of pneumatics, another is hold reach. Siwertell screw-type unloaders can reach into all corners of a vesselâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hold. This is because of the range of movement in the horizontal conveyor and the pendulum capability of the vertical arm, which also means that assistance from payloaders is kept to a minimum. In contrast, a pneumatic unloader has a very limited reach into a hold, as the vertical arm can only be operated within the area of the hold opening. There are pneumatic unloaders that have the capability for some pendulum movement, but this type of unloader still has limitations relating to very low or no digging force capability. 78 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

STORAGE Today, most grain is unloaded from vessels up to 60,000 dwt, and there is a considerable difference in the need for payloader assistance between a pneumatic and Siwertell screw-type unloader. For example, with grain that has an angle of repose of around 45 degrees, in a 60,000 dwt fully loaded vessel, the assistance of a payloader is close to 18 percent or about 11,000 metric tons when using a pneumatic unloader due to its movement limitations. In comparison, under the same conditions, a Siwertell unloader uses less than five percent payloader assistance, and in barges with horizontal walls, the need for a payloader will be below two percent. Siwertell unloaders also have different inlet devices, depending on material, which can work at full capacity as long as they are submerged at about one meter into the cargo. For a pneumatic unloader to reach even close to an efficiency rate equivalent to a Siwertell unloader, it must depend entirely on the effective assistance of payloaders. However, high payloader utilisation rates have a negative impact on total running costs as well as on the environment, and they bring far higher levels of grain breakages because of the double-handling. Furthermore, pneumatic unloaders enjoy maximum capacity at the start of an operation. Once the hollow pipes are extended to reach deeper into the hold, power consumption increases because of the increasing distance from the pump. There is also an avalanche effect when air leaks into the suction pipe, temporarily, dropping unloading capacity to a very low level. This is normally not considered when comparing power consumption and unloading efficiency with a screw-type unloader. For a Siwertell unloader, the unloading distance is same throughout the entire unloading process, efficiency rates and capacities remain consistent, and the effective inlet feeder eliminates the impact of cargo avalanches within the hold when working at these very high capacities. When we talk about average capacity, this always includes all movements between the different holds down to a machine clean level, sweeping excluded. For example, a performance test carried out with two Siwertell unloaders, each with a rated capacity of 2,200t/h, on a 80,000 dwt vessel, fully loaded with coal, produced an average capacity above 77 percent; the time it took to completely unload the vessel, sweeping excluded. In addition to this, it is widely accepted that if the rated capacity increases, it is more difficult to keep a high average capacity because of the larger differences between the clean-up capacity and the rated capacity. We do see claims that pneumatic unloaders operate at similar through-ship efficiencies, but these exclude all movements between the different holds, which translates into a far lower overall efficiency.

New port-mobile alternatives

For some operators who potentially share terminals or jetty spaces, large, fixed installations are not suitable. In these instances, the alternative does not have to be a traditional pneumatic system, with its associated drawbacks; a new unloader is available, the Siwertell port-mobile unloader. It is particularly well-suited to grain handling and combines all the benefits of a Siwertell unloader into a mobile form. The port-mobile unloader offers a higher efficiency than a pneumatic unloader, requires much less payloader assistance, and has lower operational costs because of reduced power consumption demands, which in turn lowers their environmental impact. It is also safer, quieter and has lower maintenance requirements. In addition, higher capacities and efficiencies offer the port operator the possibility of benefitting from higher annual volumes and freeing up jetty space, which could, in turn, improve the portâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s utilisation rate and its profitability.

Terminals of tomorrow

In the future, terminals will have to meet higher annual volumes because of increased populations, and the utilisation rates of ports will have to improve. The only way to achieve this is to increase unloading rates and/or improve unloading efficiencies and the most cost-efficient way is to design a terminal with one or two high-capacity unloaders. They have to be very efficient and minimise vessel unloading times and maximise the operational profits of the terminal, whilst also ensuring no material is wasted through spillage, negatively impacting the environment and profitability. Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 79



STORAGE Siwertell unloaders have a capacity range from 150t/h to 3,000t/h, all with marketleading efficiencies, regardless of the material handled. In comparison, pneumatic unloaders are restricted to about 600 to 800t/h with one pipe when handling grain. The pneumatic unloader works well in ports with a low annual intake, however if an existing or new port terminal needs to expand this cannot be an alternative. High-volume terminals will need high-capacity efficient systems to reduce operational costs to a minimum and lower environmental impact. If we move away from food, increasing human populations will also require more energy. The global shift towards biomass to mitigate some of the effects of burning fossil fuels will also see a huge spike in demand. However, biomass pellets only have about three quarters the calorific value of coal, so far greater volumes need to be burned for the same energy generation. Today, pellets are unloaded by either grab, pneumatic or screw-type unloaders. The pellets are very dusty and sensitive to degradation, making them unsuitable for handling with grabs because of the environmental impact. Pneumatic unloaders are restricted in capacity and have a high rate of material degradation because of the velocity of material flow in the unloader. A Siwertell unloader can offer a continuous rated biomass handling capacity up to 2,000t/h. Today’s industry standard rate for unloading pellets in the UK – Europe’s leading biofuel

user – is 1,200t/h. This is based on five Siwertell unloaders previously delivered to the country, which handle 70 percent of the total annual wood pellet imports in the UK. We are already discussing the use of these higher capacity biomass unloaders with operators. Today’s need for high-capacity, efficient unloading is even more urgent, and we encourage operators to make informed choices and not rely on traditional approaches to deliver the extraordinary needs of tomorrow. www.bruks-siwertell.com

There’s a new school on the block! It’s the Online Milling School - 12 1.5-hour sessions over a 3-month rolling basis for feed mill employees to sharpen their knowledge and understanding of all aspects of the milling process. Delve in and out to accumulate your 12 unique sessions for a ‘Certificate of Achievement’ First session

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80 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain



Disruptive technology enters the grain drying market


by Vaughn Entwistle, Managing Editor, Milling and Grain isruptive technology is an innovation that significantly alters the way that consumers, industries, or businesses operate. But the market being what it is, not all disruptive technology is successful. Sometimes this is because existing producers are well-established and familiar to risk-averse customers. Sometimes the technology looks impressive, but still fails to catch on. And sometimes the innovators are a little too far ahead of their time.

Traditional gas grain dryers

Most grain dryers currently on the market use gas (typically

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NG or often bottled LPG gas). Manufacturers of gas driers compete with one another by offering grain dryers that are energy efficient, have a high throughput and do not burn or damage the grain. But now there is a new technology available that just might be a game-changer.

Introducing ‘radio frequency drying’

DryMax is a US company based in Minnesota. What sets it apart from other drier companies is its innovative new technology for drying grains. DryMax describes its unique ‘forcefield’ technology as radio frequency’ drying. At first that may sound like a giant microwave oven—the same technology used to pop popcorn, but it’s not. I interviewed company founder Kevin Eichhorn to find out more about ‘forcefield’ technology, how it works, and what are its potential advantages.

STORAGE MAG: How is your technology different from a giant microwave oven? Eichhorn: Although we use radio wave energy it’s not microwaves. It is a different part of the radio spectrum. We use long-wave radio waves, which are very gentle and do not heat up the grain like microwaves do. MAG: Grain quality is significantly affected by the drying process and type of gas dryer. Two of the most significant variables that have a deleterious effect on grain quality are maximum kernel temperature and drying rate. For example, the head yield from rough rice is significantly affected by the drying rate and kernel temperature. However, corn and wheat are less sensitive to high kernel temperatures and the maximum allowable kernel temperature is a function of product end-use. How do radio waves affect the grain while drying? Eichhorn: In comparison with gas driers, the gentler radio waves dry from the inside out and barely raise the temperature of the crop. Instead it works by breaking down H2O as water vapour from inside the kernel into the air where it is carried away by a system of fans. MAG: Food safety is always a major concern. Gas grain driers require the use of food-safe gas. Does the DryMax meet food safety requirements? Eichhorn: Yes. That is the reason that we look forward to discussing the benefits of our radio wave dryers over propane/ gas. No matter how ‘safe’ the gas, it still enters our food chain and no gas emissions are safe.  It is the fact that there have never been any alternatives that make them talk about ‘safe’ gas.  It is a fallacy and has been causing cancer and other ailments for too many years. DryMax changes all that.” MAG: Can the DryMax system handle batches and/or continuous flow?

Eichhorn: Right now it is better to run continuous flow, because we can make those systems modular and expandable, rather than trying to make a system to fit hundreds of different bin sizes. MAG: An obvious question is how does the DryMax solution compare in terms of energy consumption to the equivalent capacity gas grain dryer? Eichhorn: It is hard to compare energy sources and costs, but if you understand that we are only electrical, the longterm savings happen because of ubiquitous installation, negotiated rates, rebates for Ag and electrification efforts, no seasonal shortages or cost jacks that happen seasonally for propane. MAG: What kinds of crops can be dried using ‘forcefield’ technology? Eichhorn: The DryMax system is flexible. In 2018, the company improved drying techniques for most common grains including rice, barley, soybean, wheat, and other seeds. In 2019, the technology was successfully used with alfalfa, manure, hemp, begasse, wood pulp and other biomass, food processing, and municipal drying—sludge. Our dryers look different for each type of material; however, the patented tech is similar where a wet product enters and takes time to pass through the ‘cage’. We call our dryer process a ‘cage’ because it is just metal and relates to the Faraday Cage principal. In future developments, all dryers will be fully automated with AI + machine learning to make the process better over time. MAG: An obvious question is which can dry a ton of wheat faster, the DryMax solution or a conventional gas drier? (Presuming we dry the same batch of wheat with equivalent moisture content).

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 83




Eichhorn: We can dry not only faster, (although if you want burnt or toasted wheat, I’m sure high heat can win), but also the long-wave radio waves only target H2O, so they leave the protein, valuables (taste and smell), and vitamins intact - which is worth far more to humans than what is possible currently. We dry from the inside-out so quality is maintained. MAG: Does DryMax operation require any special training? Eichhorn: Yes, it is different and will require training classes to become certified. MAG: Does DryMax come in a range of different sizes like gas dryers? Eichhorn: We envision that these will be modular, able to be added together to create the bushel/hour desired. MAG: What are the energy costs per tonne versus a gas dryer? Eichhorn: I cannot say exactly because each region has its own electricity prices/rebates, but we are significantly less expensive than propane (1/10th) and no 6-week cooling fan/ electricity costs. MAG: What are the electrical power requirements to power a typical DryMax system? Eichhorn: We are still testing the efficiencies, but it is not that much. No farmer adds in his electrical costs for cooling fans into the mix, so if we just look at the power necessary for drying, it is roughly 48kW/500bph at ten points water removal for corn.  Wheat and other grains that require two-to-five percent moisture loss would be much less. MAG: What is the ROI in terms of tonnes of grain? How long does it take to pay off the initial investment? Eichhorn: I cannot say what the final market price will be for each type of grain dryer, except that it will be initially be higher than high heat gas dryers.  The upside is that it pays for itself very quickly in many ways; 1) lower energy costs 2) higher yield 3) better quality grains 4) lower operational costs 5) giving farmers control (cannot place a value on that one!) 6) better marketable products. If a producer can harvest at peak, even when greener, they will keep all their yield instead of field loss for leaving it to dry in the field. MAG: What is the typical cost per tonne of wheat for gas drier versus your drier? 84 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

Eichhorn: we do not have those exact figures yet. We are running full tests of wheat this harvest season and will have that on our website before 2021.Though every material/ grain dries differently, and the complexities of the tech and cell structure of the material make it so that we have massive calculations to R&D, we have been successful with all the grains we have tried. My highest excitement is for rice, which has to be dried three times over many weeks traditionally and, thus, loses almost all its nutritional value.  We can keep all that initial value and dry within minutes.  Our work on wild rice in Minnesota have shown dramatic results. MAG: Does DryMax remove surface contaminants? Eichhorn: We have shown many advantages and yes, we do kill moulds, bugs and pests. MAG: What moisture levels can DryMax achieve and can that be adjusted? Can you dial in the desired moisture? Eichhorn: We are drying alfalfa/hemp from 80+ percent down to 10 percent so we do not see any limitations on agricultural drying prospects. Yes, we can dial in the moisture percentage using our patented tech to sense levels and adjust to crops moving through the system.  Where traditional dryers leave grains wet inside (can still rot) or percentage variances are expected, DryMax will be able to produce even and inner dried grains with uniformity. MAG: What volume of throughput is achievable and how does that compare to a gas drier for a similar investment? Eichhorn: We can achieve the volume customer needs by our modular approach.  Next year we will target very large systems.  This year we want to perfect our farm-size dryers. The test size in the photos is supposed to run 150 bushel/hour corn at 10 points. For this September, we are building units that run 500 bph. The initial cost for a dryer will be almost double a current gas drier, until we have economies of scale to lower the cost of electronics. Finally, Eichhorn says that DryMax is currently looking forward to partner with companies who want a better quality product and that is demanded by consumers. kevin@DryMaxsolutions.com www.DryMaxsolutions.com

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Port equipment erection challenges in the time of COVID-19


by Neuero Industrietechnik, Germany

he ports and the construction industry are in an exceptional situation currently, due to worldwide working restrictions. The common feeling is that 80 percent of the news is now concerning COVID-19. Topics of discussion centre upon strategies on how to flatten infection curves and the numbers of ventilators. In a short time, we have gathered millions of specialists concerning pandemic infections. Virus specialists decide if we can or cannot work and there are discussions about horizontal or vertical protection strategies. In this situation, Neuero got caught in the middle of equipment assemblies taking place outside Germany. What do we do in such a case? Our first step was to keep calm, check the local situation with our clients and then discuss and find solutions with our colleagues that were abroad. We puzzled over what to do. Do we leave the site immediately and call everybody back? Or do we try to find a way to remain safe by carefully monitoring of the day-by-day situation, checking the country’s risk and health conditions and especially taking into consideration whether colleagues agreed to stay or not? The work takes more time and visas can expire; but it isn’t clear who is responsible for this.

Media depictions

We noted, however, that most uncertainty came from colleagues in our home country and not from those working on site. This is a result of the prediction of worse case scenarios shown in the media. The available information isn’t always helpful for planning because countries close borders and airlines stop flights or change their schedules. The foreign ministry is much involved 88 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

with the thousands of tourists that want to return home. A planned return is not possible because only emergency flights are handled. The hope is a slow return to normal travel situations after 30 days. From our clients, we received a positive response towards keeping our people safe and continuing the work as planned with precautions to protect their health. Today, the complexity of our machines requires specialists for final setup and software adjusting. This is normally done by electricians with field and programming experience. Bringing supervisors back home is easier because most countries accept the return of their own citizens. However, it is not currently possible for foreigners to enter a different country. At the time of writing (April 1st, 2020) in Germany there are no (or very limited) inland flights and many international flights are cancelled. The best alternative is today’s new normal – working at a distance from the home office. The first experience we had of this was a project in Canada that started cold tests on April 13th and hot commissioning one week later. Instead of going on-site and doing the job it had to be done by describing in detail what to do and waiting for the result. A wrong (or no) signal of a limit switch is an easy fix for an experienced technician; however, it can take 15 minutes to a day for someone without experience to find the problem if it is not a simple fault.

Working remotely

A good point for us is that most of our machines are supplied with a router that will allow a connection to the PLC via a separate local Wi-Fi signal or through a SIM Card with the data package plan. This, however, was planned to be done on-site with our specialists for a future remote troubleshooting not for

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STORAGE machine commissioning. Also, a potential problem is that many companies have a problem with internal policy to allow a card to be used. The cost is very low, but our experience is that, during the internal approval process, very few want to decide. This has been a problem in two installations, and what we thought would be easily accepted was not possible to arrange via a simple SIM phone card. The option to use the installed LAN is even more problematic because IT is afraid to open a door to internal information. Again, it is a problem to get a final approval decision even showing that are different networks (different IP sequence) used and only if the client wants to be connected. On May 11th we were able make the load test before our team returned home after several weeks overtime at site. The delay was caused by another part of the plant behind our equipment that was not ready.

More COVID-19 challenges

It was easy for a ship to arrive before COVID-19, but now is difficult to get one for a hot test. A lot of patience is needed to finish the job. On May 18th, the next project is taking place in Paranagua Brazil, a 1,500t/h mobile ship loader will be tested.

Firstly, however, we need to get a SIM card againâ&#x20AC;Ś In summary: As a result of the complications of COVID-19, not only does it take more time to arrange deliveries, the time zone difference of six hours between Germany and Brazil does not help either. Seemingly simple hurdles such as getting a phone card for improved data connection makes remote commissioning difficult. Even information provided several months before now needs reviewing, given the current situation. This is a dilemma; a problem can be brought to attention early and looks easy to solve yet can remain problematic if trained staff members are unavailable on-site. www.neuero.de



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www.andersonfeedtech.com Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 91


Industry Profile

Balaguer Rolls


Quality, innovation and passion

ur mission at Balaguer is to provide continuously improving technology and products which bring profit to our customers in the milling industry. Balaguer started its operations in 1916 as a small family company from Onil, Spain. First, it established itself with the production of static casting technologies, and soon the company entered the automobile industry by supplying sleeves for engines as well as static rolls manufactured for steel, rubber, and the textile industry. Through Balaguer’s over 100-year history, we have acquired vast experience in the milling industry, our colleagues abundant with the know-how and prestige required to produce quality precision rolls to satisfy the market’s needs. As a result of our success, today Balaguer exports to more than 130 countries worldwide. Balaguer has already been working on organising a very ambitious expansion plan, which is focused on Africa and Asia and will take root in the next five years. In 2018, The Board of Balaguer Company decided to invest in Turkey and India. The company decided to establish its operations in these two countries in order to become a key part of the food and non-food processing domestic market. This was following the success of Balaguer-partnered companies located in Poland, Brazil and China. In 2020, the company proudly announced that Balaguer Rolls’ Turkey foundry and workshop are open and working in Eskisehir to produce milling rolls with the latest innovative

92 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

measuring devices, machines and tools. The brand new facility, which has been researched and developed by an outstanding group of experts and engineers at the Balaguer Group of Companies, is dedicated to bring our high quality products to the markets. In Balaguer Rolls’ Turkish plant, we have 24,000m² of production space with two main production areas for casting and machining the highest quality rolls. From January 2020, the company is fully operative. With our latest technology machinery, we are using the same methodology and discipline as in all Balaguer Group facilities to secure the highest roll precision. With modern casting techniques, we follow the centrifugal casting methods with ISO 9001:2015 quality plan and security precautions to provide the best working environment for our workers. At our workshop, with the latest technology CNC machinery and measuring tools, high precision and quality in all of our product range are offered, not only referring to our experiences and knowledge, but also proved by sharing detailed reports with our customers. With the revolutionary Optical Fluting Test, we have been providing the analysis of all fluted rolls that are produced in our facilities. As a company, Balaguer Rolls has always been a pioneer when it comes to innovation and development in roller mill roll’s production. We are also performing Electronic Taper & Camber Analysis and providing a detailed analysis of the cambers to provide soft smooth compression rolls to our customers. With an excellent and highly skilled team, Balaguer Rolls Turkey keeps growing every day, ensuring the highest roll precision and offering the most advanced services.

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Ultra-modern premix production facility


Biomin opens new state-of-the-art premix production facility in Austria

iomin recently opened an ultra-modern premix production facility in order to meet the growing customer demand for its animal nutrition products, including mineral feed, premixes and specialties. Production began in Haag am Hausruck in Austria in February. The facility can process up to 10 metric tonnes of finished product per hour. It includes an on-site laboratory for quality control and 54 silos with a storage capacity of 1100m³.

Safety and traceability

The facility has been designed to ensure full transparency and minimise the risk of cross-contamination of final product. Selfdriving automated guided vehicles (AGVs) ensure transport of materials throughout the facility in a closed container system. Batch managed inventory and electronic records capture when employees perform specific actions such as dosing or emptying each silo, for example. Given the firm’s mission to help improve the sustainability of agriculture, the plant generates power from a geothermal system and solar panels on the rooftop.   “Our nutrition solutions contribute to sustainability by improving the efficiency of farm animals, boosting farm and feed mill profitability and reducing the ecological footprint of agriculture,” stated Barbara Rüel, Head of Global Product Management Animal Nutrition at Biomin. “While we have had considerable success bringing our unique feed additives to customers in over 130 countries, our nutrition management solutions encompassing premixes, mineral feeds and specialties has until recently been focused on several key regions,” observed Mr Waxenecker. “With this new facility we will be able to bring our science-based nutrition solutions to customers in new markets as part of our internationalisation strategy,” he added.

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“For many years customers have relied upon well-balanced feeding concepts designed by Biomin to achieve a range of objectives, including improvements in performance, health, well-being and reducing antibiotic use or environmental emissions,” stated Ms Rüel. “Our ability to offer flexible, science-based solutions and access to innovative mycotoxin risk management and gut performance solutions are what set us apart,” concluded Ms Rüel.   The Biomin production unit at Haag am Hausruck has several notable quality certifications, namely GMP+, ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and HAACP.

Production facility currently running

Since scaling up production earlier in the year, Biomin has enacted a series of measures to ensure that it can continue to deliver premix products to farmers, feed millers and integrations in Austria and throughout the world. Precautions taken to limit the risk of coronavirus infection include requiring employees to wear masks, restriction of outside visitors, increased sanitation measures and staggered shift work, among others. “One result of the coronavirus situation is that agriculture and food production have been recognised as essential sector,” observed Mr Waxenecker. “Through prompt and extensive actions put in place, we have been able to fulfill our role in the food production chain and ensure that farm animals receive high quality nutrition, so that farmers can feed the world,” he concluded. www.biomin.net

F.L.T.R. Franz Waxenecker, Managing Director of Biomin, Barbara Rüel, Head of Global Product Management Animal Nutrition at Biomin and Regional Council Member for Upper Austria Max Hiegelsberger at the new Biomin production facility in Haag am Hausruck, Austria. Photo credits: Biomin and ERBER Group


Mehmet Ugur Gürkaynak, Regional Director - Turkey, Eurasia and Middle East, Milling and Grain

Argentina is the secondlargest area of land in the South American continent and the eighth largest in the world.

Geolocation With a total area of ​​2.8 million km2, Argentina narrows as one travels from the north to the south. Argentina is approximately 3,694km long, top to bottom and at its widest, extending from west to east, is approximately 1,423 km. The Atlantic Ocean stretches along the east coast, whilst to the west is Chile, to the north Bolivia and Paraguay and to the northeast is Brazil and Uruguay. Argentina is remarkably varied, with rainforests in the north of the country, desert in southern Patagonia and a region covered with mountains and lakes spanning the Andes. The North East is also notably dry and sparse. The arable area in Argentina totals 190,000 km2. Thanks to its varied climatic features, a wide variety of products can be grown in Argentina with relative ease. The soil is very suitable for forestry and, as a result, the country is known for its forests. The highest mountain in the country is the Aconcagua summit on the Andes, standing 6,959m tall. The Andes continue westwards from here to join the border into Chile. To the west of the Andes is the wide plains of Pampa. Pampa Plain covers approximately 25 percent of the country and consists mostly of meadows. This plain serves as the a primary location for much of Argentina’s agriculture and livestock, due to it being very advantageous in terms of climate. Economic structure Argentina is the third largest economy in Latin America, after Brazil and Mexico, in terms of the size of its GDP. In Argentina, which has a population of approximately 44 million, the per capita national income is US $11,652. Despite the gap in income distribution, it is among the countries

96 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

with the highest income per capita in Latin America. The Argentine economy is predominantly based on agriculture. 9.9 percent of GDP is agriculture, 30 percent from industry specifically and 60.2 percent pertaining to other services. Rapidly increasing prices of agricultural products have become an important source of growth for the Argentine economy. Among the many agricultural and livestock products Argentinia produce, te country’s main export products are soybeans and their derivatives, as well as corn, wheat, crustaceans and beef. Argentina’s largest export market is Brazil. According to 2018 data, approximately 12.3 percent of exports worth $7.6 billion was conducted with Brazilian companies. China takes second place in the rankings, with a share of total exports at 5.2 percent. Agriculture and livestock The agriculture industry holds an important place in the economy of Argentina. The increases in price of raw materials greatly benefits the Argentine economy and has enabled much growth in this area. Approximately 270,000 km2 of land in the country is suitable for agriculture. There is a marked goal to expand this area to further boost the economy. The main crops farmed in Argentina are soy, sunflower, wheat, corn, barley, oats, rice, safflower, cotton, sugarcane and various fruits and vegetables. Argentina is among the most important meat producers in the world, with over 51 million cattle farmed in the country regularly. Due to excessive demand in recent years, there has been a marked increase in meat prices. The dairy sector is also a crucial sector for Argentina. Products such as cream cheese, ice cream and frozen yogurt are consumed extensively by the public. Argentina continues to be one of the world’s major agricultural product suppliers, primarily in terms of wheat, corn, soybeans and meat products. Soybeans are especially profitable for Argentina, due to the fact that it is easy to export and has favourable market prices.

Fishery Argentina has a 4,700km long beach where fishing occurs in abundance. Argentinians can hunt many hard-to-find fish on its shores, including squid. Aside from local fishing companies, Korea, Japan, Russia, Spain and many other countries can also fish in the waters of Argentina, providing they have international agreements in place. Fisheries is one of the most developed sectors within the country, and most of the fish caught in Argentine waters are exported without processing. The biggest export markets for fishery products are Brazil, Spain, USA, Italy and Colombia.

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97 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain




2-3 Women in Agribusiness Europe 2020 Event now online www.womeninageurope.com 2020


26-28 IPPE Atlanta, Georgia USA www.ippexpo.org


September 2-3 Black Sea Grain 2020 Kyiv, Ukraine www.ukragroconsult.com 8-10 Livestock Malaysia 2020 Malacca, Malaysia www.livestockmalaysia.com Postponed from 7-9 April 2020 to 8-10 September 15-18 SPACE 2020 CANCELLED, next event taking place 14-17 September, 2021 http://uk.space.fr 15-17 AFIA Liquid Feed Symposium 2020 Chicago, Illinois, USA www.afia.org

1-3 NAMA Annual Meeting 2020 White Sulphur Springs, USA www.namamillers.org The North American Millers’ Association (NAMA) represents millers of wheat, corn, oats and rye in the US and Canada. Our members take the raw grain and, through grinding and crushing, create flour and other products that are used to make such favourite foods as bread, pasta, cookies, cakes, and snack foods. Executive Committee and Board of Directors meet durig the annual meeting to review the work completed the previous year and to develop a plan of work for the following year. The President presents the association’s annual report. Speakers present information on current topics of interest to the industry during a General Session. Special events provide networking opportunities for members.

The International Production & Processing Expo (IPPE) continues to evolve and grow to meet the needs of its attendees and exhibitors. For 2021, IPPE will again be in all four halls and will bring together more than 1,400 exhibitors and 32,000 visitors in Atlanta, Georgia. IPPE focuses on innovation - bringing together buyers and sellers of the latest technology of products and services to make your business successful; education - learning from the experts in freeand fee-based world-class programs on topics that cross industry interests; global reach - attracting more than 8,000 International visitors from 130 countries; and networking - meeting new and rekindling old relationships with leaders across the industries. 2021

25-3 Interpack 2020 Düsseldorf, Germany www.interpack.com 2021

10-13 Mill Tech Istanbul 2021 Istanbul, Turkey www.milltechistanbul.com 17-18 Solids Dortmund 2020 Dortmund, Germany www.easyfairs.com Postponed from 24-25 June to 17-18 March

21-23 FIGAP 2020 Guadakajara, Mexico www.figap.com

In 2020 VIV celebrates 20 years of continued presence in China with a dedicated Feed to Food concept that attracts not only the Chinese market but also key international markets and the key neighbouring countries. The show is now held on a yearly basis which makes VIV Qingdao an even stronger platform in the industry. VIV Qingdao is nowadays a high-level international husbandry exhibition, with educational and inspiring conference sessions. Throughout its 20-year history in China, VIV has attracted more than 5,000 exhibitors and 350,000+ visits from all over the world. The feed to food exhibition concept is further enhanced by around 20 international seminars that analyse the Chinese industry as well as best solutions for current issues in global animal husbandry. ☑ = Meet the Milling and Grain team at this event 98 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain




TBA TUSAF 2020 Antalya, Turkey http://tusaf2020.org

11-13 PIX AMC Gold Coast, Australia www.pixamc.com.au

4-5 JTIC 2020 France www.jtic.eu

13-16 125th Anniversary IAOM Conference and Expo Little rock, Arkansas, USA www.iaom.info/annualmeeting/

5-7 Livestock Taiwan 2020 Taiwan www.livestocktaiwan.com 2020

March 10-12 VIV Asia 2021 Bangkok, Thailand www.vivasia.nl/

14-16 Agritechnica Asia 2020 Bangkok, Thailand www.agritechnica-asia.com


February 9-12 Eurotier 2021 Hanover, Germany www.eurotier.com

14-16 Vietstock 2020 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam www.vietstock.org

17-19 VIV Qingdao 2020 Qingdao, China www.viv.net

January 6-8 16th ICC Cereal and Bread Congress Christchurch, New Zealand www.icbc2020.icc.or.at

1-2 3rd Agrifood International Congress Port Tarragona, Spain www.agrifoodporttarragona.com

31-2 ☑ VIV MEA 2020 Abu Dhabi, UAE www.viv.net POSTPONED to 22-24 November 2021 2020


December 9-11 ☑ Ildex Vietnam 2020 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam https://www.ildex-vietnam.com Postponed from 18-20 March to 22-24 July


June 23-25 Indo Livestock 2020 Jakarta, Indonesia www.indolivestock.com


Qingdao China, September 17-19


Nairobi, October 14-15


Bangkok, March 10-12

VIV MEA 2021

Abu Dhabi, November 22-24



Bangkok, January 18-20 Utrecht, Amsterdam

30 min, May 31- June 2



Ho Chi Minh, December 9-11 Istanbul, June 10-12


Jakarta, September 15-17



Online 24/7 knowledge networking from feed to food


Cereals LIVE 2020:


by Vaughn Entwistle, Managing Editor, Milling and Grain

A “virtual” success! n past years, attending Cereals may have required wellies or a windbreaker as its usual venue was a farm field in Cambridgeshire. However, this year, the COVID-19 pandemic required Cereals to change to an online webinar event, called Cereals LIVE. Held on 10-11th, June 2020, the two-day event featured an ambitious amount of content delivered by a comprehensive line-up of speakers who Zoomed and Skyped in from home. The same was true for the nearly 9,000 live viewers. But despite the change of venue, Cereals LIVE 2020 was remarkably well-presented, and featured highly

100 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

knowledgeable speakers who provided first-rate content.

Food wars

Food security and imports have been a hot topic in the news lately, and so it was interesting to see Defra Minister Victoria Prentis going toe-to-toe with NFU President Minette Batters on maintaining high food standards—especially after the NFU’s recent petition on keeping our high food standards recently tallied up 900,000 signatures over a two week period. Mrs Prentis insisted that Britain will not compromise on environmental protection, food safety, and animal welfare standards. The event was spread over two days and covered a wide range of topics,

from practical on-farm practices, to management and analytical skills that have become a necessity to running a modern farm in the UK. I sat through many of the lively presentations which covered many topics from a variety of viewpoints. Here, then, is a sampling of just some of the topics that were featured during a very full itinerary.

Getting more from less

Getting more from less proved to be a recurring theme of the entire event. With resistance to pesticides increasingly compromising control, this session explored new strategies to get ‘more from less’ in managing weeds, pests and disease. • AHDB’s Paul Neve looked at smarter solutions for next generation crop protection and IPM in the arable rotation • NIAB›s Bill Clark argued that it’s time to ditch those high yielding ‘diseaseprone’ varieties. A fungicide armoury that can no longer tackle resistance alongside a potential reduction of UK £60/ha in fungicide costs makes a compelling case for choosing varieties that are more disease-resistant • John Hawkins, Dorset farmer, has adopted a low input regenerative farming approach which, alongside a water quality trial, is delivering significant economic and environmental benefits • Lise Jorgensen, of Aarhus University provided an overview of Danish farming experiences in cutting back on pesticides. Professor Jorgensen explained that Denmark has a long history of reducing the use of pesticides and has stricter rules for their use than any other country in the EU. Danish methods for reducing pesticide use since 1985, King history of tax on pesticides. Long history of focusing on organic farming. Denmark uses less

than half the pesticide the UK uses and has a tiny arsenal of products they are allowed to use. In Denmark some years see little to no increase in yield despite spending money on fungicides. Danish wheat cultivars have relative good septoria resistance. Breeders have done well with cultivars that have high resistance with good yields. A recent study used a variety of mixtures By combining three varieties they decrease septoria by 15 percent with greater yields and also needed fewer fungicide treatments.

Delivering natural capital

Chaired by Cath Crowther, CLA Eastern Regional Director The focus of this session was how farmers can play a key role in managing ecosystem services for society—from carbon sequestration to flood risk management, and air and water quality. There’s an emerging market for natural capital and this session explored how farmers can tap into the opportunity. • Emily Norton, Savills talked about understanding what you have by accounting for natural capital, which is key to supporting the recognition and

reward that is needed for ‘good farming’ She discussed the value of good land stewardship and the importance of good farming practices • Prof David Hill of Environment Bank explored practical and effective compensation solutions for regenerating biodiversity for landowners and farmers • Guy Thompson of Entrade reviewed

the opportunities for farmers in water, nitrates and carbon trading, and also sequestration funding • Ben Wills outlined Beeswax Farming’s natural capital strategy to reduce its carbon footprint and boost carbon sequestration. • David Hill of the Environment Bank provided some surprising statistics. 75

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Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 101

EVENT ROUND UP percent of land in the UK is farmed and farming intensification has inflicted the greatest impacts on the wider countryside’s biodiversity. He believes that funding should be targeted at interventions in farmed environments that can deliver significant improvements in as short a time scale as possible. • The Habitat Bank will deliver biodiversity net gain for developments in the Planning Authority through a four-stage approach: 1) Development Assessment will measure the impacts and calculate the compensation needed using the agreed biodiversity impact accounting metric, 2) Conservation Credits provide compensation converted to conservation credits, 3) The Habitat Bank sells conservation credits to a developer under a Conservation Credit Purchase Agreement and Letter of Sale 4) Biodiversity benefits; the Habitat Bank enhances and manages land for long term biodiversity secured through a management plan. • Guy Thompson, the Managing Director of EnTrade next addressed generating new sources of income through land and water. While EnTrade points out that farms are a business and need to make money, they advocate agile strategies that recognise the value of flood prevention, carbon sequestration money from tree planting, and other biodiversity initiative offsets. • Ben Wills of Beeswax Dyson Farming spoke about carbon sequestration. He is reducing carbon footprint by reducing the diesel consumption of farm equipment and supplanting it with biomethane production; reducing the use of inorganic nitrogen fertilisers and using a green electricity powered plasma unit to create nitrogen enriched liquid fertiliser. This will reduce the pH which stops ammonia emissions, while adding Nitrogen to form ammonium nitrate which also removes the manure smell.

Cereals ADHB Theatre Adapting to ELMS (Environmental Landscape Vital Statistics: 10,812 attendees over two days 67,166 page views 78 countries 9,620 webinar viewers 813 top webinar viewership 568 question asked in webinars 114,100 impressions on Twitter over two days (@CerealsEvent)

102 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain


Chair: Martin Bradley Smith, Chair AHDB James LePage, DEFRA George Badger, Strutt and Parker Nick Bruce-White, RPSB Fiona Tweedie, ADAS First up was George Badger of Strutt and Parker whose theme was “Rethinking the Arable Rotation”. George’s scheme keeps the soil in condition by five-year rotations based on 60 to 80 percent cropped: Ab15, AB 15wheat – oats – wheat. And wheat – AB2+AB14- S barley -AB6 – Wheat – Beans/oats (Where AB15 is legume two years fallow).

Climate change

The National Farmers Union (NFU) is leading the push for UK agriculture to be carbon neutral by 2040. It is currently exploring the steps needed to achieve net zero status, particularly in the arable section. Climate change is making things difficult for UK farmers. We are just coming off two years with unusually wet winters followed by two years of summer drought. Such changing weather patterns demonstrate the need to build resilience into arable farming. Looking at greenhouse gas removal, we must produce more with less. John Tucker from Woodland Trust spoke about tree planting initiatives. Trees help reduce the loss of topsoil from wind and rain. Soil ends up in water courses and contributes to pollution. More pollution comes from nitrate phosphate run off. Trees reduce overall windspeeds at surface level. They also decelerate the speed of rain/hail, which reduces erosion of the soil. Other benefits of trees include their deep root systems, which create an air space around them. The presence of

trees in a field has been shown to reduce 88 percent of nitrate and 90 percent of phosphate run-off going into rivers.

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The cost of solar generated electricity has reduced by over 80 percent over last ten years. Moreover, solar is now viable in a rural context on a farm. Solar systems need to be sized and configured to the site’s needs. Battery storage has seen over 80 percent reduction in costs over the last ten years, so companies can now achieve a good ROI. Trees also help pollination and provide soil alleviation benefits Additional speakers emphasised the importance of good drainage, the need to conserve topsoil by never allowing it to be left bare—use of cover crops and/or grass is vital. The use of cover crops with a variety of root depths also help bring nutrients up to the surface of the soil, prevent erosion and cultivate a thriving biome. Other seminar topics included adapting to and mitigating climate change, precision farming technology, routes into farming, and the arable market outlook. In total, the event featured 18 live webinars which averaged an audience of 487 attendees each, plus two webinars available on demand. The first virtual Cereals has to be considered a tremendous success. But while the content and the professional way it was delivered was first-rate, as event organiser Alli McEntyre commented, “Nothing can quite replace seeing friends, machinery and crops in person, going online enabled us to deliver a wide range of content and reach a totally new audience.” So, congratulations to all involved and let’s hope that Cereals 2021 will require us all to dig out our wellies and windbreakers!


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IGC Grains Conference


by Rebecca Sherratt, Features Editor, Milling and Grain

n June 10th, 2020, the International Grains Council (IGC) joined the legion of events around the world embracing digital media, hosting their first online edition of the IGC Grains Conference. During the one-day event 14 conference sessions were available to explore, complimented by live Q&A sessions where attendees could engage in discussions with fellow industry members. The conference opened with a speech by Nathalie Dubé, Minister-Counsellor, High Commission of Canada and Chair of the IGC. During her introduction, Ms Dubé explored the variety of topics that would be covered during the event, paying particular attention to the COVID-19 crisis and its effects on the commodities sector. “During this difficult time, I would like to stress that trading grains has not been adversely affected by COVID-19. This was reaffirmed by the IGC which forecasts global trade in grains, whole-wheat and rice in 2020/2021 at 550 million tonnes (mt), an increase of 1.6 percent compared to last year” she said. “Many reports predicted food shortages but having comprehensive global marketing information and the sharing of this information among the grains value chain has helped to avert a major food crisis.”

Building a resilient global food system

by Ty Vaughn, Senior Vice-President and Head of Regulatory Science, Bayer Crop Science, USA In session two of the conference, a variety of speakers discussed the need for resilience in the market and the need for globalisation. Speakers joined the session from the USDA, World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the Ukranian Ministry of Economic Development, but one particularly insightful presentation was that of Mr Ty Vaughn from Bayer Crop Science. Mr Vaughn opened his discussion with reference to experiences that have caused fluctuations in the markets but expressed that we have never before experienced such a long-term complication akin to that of COVID-19. As a result, the implications of the pandemic will be truly unprecedented. “This pandemic has disrupted many systems that we rely on as a global body, including where we get our food” says Mr Vaughn. “The food chain has always had to deal with regional events such as flooding and drought and, usually, these have certain effects on areas of the supply chain, but it has always been resilient enough that we rebound quickly. COVID-19 appears to have affected every point in the food chain and is definitely testing our resilience today.” Whilst some places have been subject to shortages due to import complications, Mr Vaughn also discusses the opposite, wherein too much food is produced to limited demand. Livestock have been euthanised, vegetables are rotting in fields with

no labourers, whilst one farm in Varysburg, New York was dumping its milk out onto fields in a bid to dispose of it in the simplest way possible. The WTO forecasts a drop on world trade of between 13-32 percent, with an even steeper fall anticipated in more complex value chains. The United Nations estimates that 265 million people will face acute food insecurity by the end of 2020. Mr Vaughn emphasises that globalisation drove the problem but will also drive its solution; international trade is key to food security and policies must enable innovation and broad collaboration across borders and sectors. To enhance resiliency in the global food system, policymakers must consider digitalisation of the economy, trade regulations, non-tariff measures and further integration of the food value chain.

Investment needs in the cereal sector of MENA countries

by Pascal Bergeret, CIHEAM-IAMM, France The Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Montpellier (CIHEAM-IAMM) conducted a variety of studies in MENA countries to assess the complications raised by COVID-19 for raw material production and export. Mr Bergeret says, “Restrictive measures on movement and distancing are proving to be incompatible with agricultural production and agro-food activities.” Issues still occur at every stage of the production process (primarily transport, processing, distribution and retail). Turkey struggles with obtaining seasonal workers in periods where demand is greater. Tunisia is, similarly, experiencing issues with transport of goods due to lack of available staff. In addition to these difficulties, a semolina shortage has occurred in Algeria, whilst Turkey and Tunisia are suffering shortages of key equipment such as pesticides, fertilisers and seeds due to import complications. How do we help to resolve these issues and improve the resiliency of MENA countries? Mr Bergeret recommends investing in e-infrastructures and HR. Investment, he emphasises, must go hand in hand with coordination and institutional infrastructure.

How to decarbonise the food value chain

by Terje Knutsen, Executive Vice President Sales and Marketing, Yara International ASA, Norway Plenty of discussions during the conference also centred upon Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 105

EVENT ROUND UP sustainability and climate change. One particularly engaging discussion was held by Mr Knutsen of Yara International, whose technological solutions aim to make crop fertilising completely climate neutral. Mr Knutsen opened his presentation by encouraging attendees to consider the various benefits of using the optimal fertiliser. Yara’s software solutions for monitoring fertiliser use can result in increased yield, improved crop quality as well as a reduced carbon footprint by up to 25 percent. Yara International’s Atfarm software enables users to see their farm on the small screen and monitor the savings they are making in real time. Farmers gain complete control over their fertiliser distribution and can see where it is most needed and monitor yield, crop quality and more through charts and figures. On average, farmers using Yara International’s solutions can see a saving of US $110/ha and $14/t through monitoring their fertiliser use.

Market developments 2020/2021

Sessions 6-10 of the conference gave attendees insight into how many of the key commodities are faring globally and predictions for the remainder of the harvest year. The selection of presentations for each commodity was remarkably detailed, with presentations from IGC members as well as milling and trade organisations around the world. Wheat: Supply and demand remains positive with boosted opening stocks and record production pushing total supply higher. On average, we see a 5.4 percent increase in wheat

production opening stocks year-on-year (y/y). Production also sees a y/y increase on average of 0.6 percent and a total supply increase 1.8 percent. Maize: The 2020/2021 harvest year for maize is resoundingly positive. After a dip in the previous season, maize production could rebound by two percent to a near-record level in 2020/2021. Consumption, however, has decreased for the first time in four years, due to COVID-19 and a drop in industrial demand. Trade is hitting new records, driven by growing feed demand. Soyabean: Whilst many were concerned about the demand being met for commodities, shipments of soybeans have seen a 9.9 percent total global increase compared to 2018/2019. Brazil, the top soybean exporter, has seen a shipment increase of 18.5 percent y/y, from 50mt of shipments in 2018/2019 to 59.2mt in 2020/2021. Argentina have also experienced a 9.5 percent increase to 5.6mt. Rice: Rice, in particular, saw a massive increase in demand due to panic-buying in the beginning weeks of the pandemic. Despite the surge in consumer demand, supply remained plentiful and is now starting to steady out to normal levels. The presentations on offer at the IGC Grains Conference provide great insight into the current state of the global commodities market, as well as predictions for the future as the world recovers from COVID-19. The sessions will continue to be available on-demand for attendees to view for four more months, so it is still worth registering now to engage with the wealth of information on offer!

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Aqua Feed Extrusion Conference The Aqua Feed Extrusion Conference, originally organised as part of VICTAM Animal Health and Nutrition Asia 2020, is now taking place as an online webinar on July 8-9th, 2020. The conference will specialise in extrusion for aquatic feeds and will be held online for two days via Zoom. The conference will feature a variety of expert speakers delivering innovative presentations on how users can make the best use of their extrusion machinery and aqua feed systems. The webinar will feature industry leaders from CPS, Wenger, Bühler, Clextral, Amandus Kahl and more, discussing their own unique solutions and advice for making the most out of your feed processing solutions. Registration costs US $199 and can be accessed via the Milling and Grain website. For more information please contact Rebecca Sherratt at rebeccas@perendale.co.uk.

World Mill Tech The World Mill Tech exhibition, which aims to be the international trade fair for the industry, will be organised by Istanbul Trade Fairs and DESMÜD in December 2020. The most important global representatives of the sector will be present, showcasing their solutions in the fields of packaging, machinery, grain processing, storage, laboratory and measurement devices, to name but a few. Exhibitors will connect with customers in Europe, Eurasia, The Middle East and North Africa at Mill Tech, which offers a trading platform to the world’s leading industry players, enabling them to increase their trade volume. Professionals will catch up with the latest trends, cutting-edge technologies, developments and solutions at the exhibition which will bring together domestic and foreign wholesalers, distributors, importers and exporters.

ICBC 2020 Conference The 16th ICBC conference will be held in Christchurch, New Zealand, January 6-8th 2021 and is continuing the established ICC event series. The International Association of Cereal Science and Technology was formed in 1955 at the 3rd International Cereals and Bread Congress and is the foremost international organisations in our field dedicated to international cooperation, the dissemination of knowledge, and the improvement in safety and quality of cereal-based foods. The association has its headquarters in Vienna, Austria but has members represented from all five continents including industry and academia. The conference will feature plenary sessions; concurrent sessions embracing the challenges and opportunities facing the cereal science community; poster displays and competitions; a networking dinner for all contributors to develop long lasting collaborations throughout the world; industry focused workshops; a trade display for equipment and food manufacturing; and of course the opportunity to participate on study tours to acquaint yourself with the culture, food and environment of New Zealand. Themes for the conference include cereal nutrition for health-conscious consumers, food safety and security, sustainable agricultural technology systems, milling and bread making technology, novel processing techniques for extrusion and biscuit making and noodle quality and acceptability, to name but a few. 108 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

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112 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

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Roll fluting

Inteqnion +31 543 49 44 66 www.inteqnion.com

Nutriad +32 52 40 98 24 www.nutriad.com

Yemmak +90 266 7338363 www.yemmak.com

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550 www.yemtar.com

Process control

Neogen Corporation +44 1292 525 600 www.neogen.com

TMI +34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Tanis +90342337222 www.tanis.com.tr


Adisseo + 33 1 46 74 70 00 www.adisseo.com

Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800 www.statec-binder.com

Soon Strong Machinery +886 3 9901815 www.soonstrong.com.tw

Yemmak +90 266 7338363 www.yemmak.com

Mycotoxin management

Imeco +39 0372 496826 www.imeco.org

Selis +90 222 236 12 33 www.selis.com.tr

Yemtar Feed Mill Machines +90 266 733 8550 www.yemtar.com

Hydronix +44 1483 468900 www.hydronix.com

Aybakar AS +90 312 398 0247 www.aybakar.com.tr

Pingle +86 311 88268111 www.plflourmill.com

Viteral +90 332 239 01 41 http://viteral.com.tr

Next Instruments +61 2 9771 5444 www.nextinstruments.net


Petkus +49 36921 980 www.petkus.com

Soon Strong Machinery +886 3 9901815 www.soonstrong.com.tw

Brabender +49 203 7788 0 www.brabender.com

Biomin +43 2782 8030 www.biomin.net

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN) +3 73 54 984 72 www.ptn.nl

Pelleting Technology Netherlands (PTN) +3 73 54 984 72 www.ptn.nl

Moisture measurement

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78 www.vibrafloor.com

Ocrim +39 0372 4011 www.ocrim.com

Scalling NorthWind +1 785 284 0080 www.northwindts.com

Sifters ASG Group (Değirmen Makine) +90 342 357 01 50 www.degirmen.com

Statec Binder +43 3112 38 5800 www.statec-binder.com

Dinnissen BV +31 77 467 3555 www.dinnissen.nl

Roller mills Alapala +90 212 465 60 40 www.alapala.com

Filip GmbH +49 5241 29330 www.filip-gmbh.com

ASG Group (Değirmen Makine) +90 342 357 01 50 www.degirmen.com

Gazel +90 364 2549630 www.gazelmakina.com

Christy Turner Ltd +44 1473 742325 www.christy-turner.com

Petkus +49 36921 980 www.petkus.com

Genç Degirmen +90 444 0894 www.gencdegirmen.com.tr IMAS - Milleral +90 332 2390141 www.milleral.com Henry Simon +44 0161 804 2800 www.henrysimonmilling.com Kay Jay Rolls +91 9878 000 859 www.kjrolls.com

Selis +90 222 236 12 33 www.selis.com.tr

Silos Behlen Grain Systems +1 900 553 5520 www.behlengrainsystems.com

Bentall Rowlands +44 1724 282828 www.bentallrowlands.com Chief +1 308 237 3186 agri.chiefind.com CSI +90 322 428 3350 www.cukurovasilo.com Lambton Conveyor +1 519 627 8228 www.lambtonconveyor.com MYSILO +90 382 266 2245 www.mysilo.com Obial +90 382 2662120 www.obial.com.tr Petkus +49 36921 980 www.petkus.com

nabim +44 2074 932521 www.nabim.org.uk

TMI +34 973 25 70 98 www.tmipal.com

Ocrim +39 0372 4011 www.ocrim.com

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78 www.vibrafloor.com

Yeast products

Vibrators Tanis +90342337222 www.tanis.com.tr

Leiber GmbH +49 5461 93030 www.leibergmbh.de

Vibrafloor +33 3 85 44 06 78 www.vibrafloor.com

Phileo +33 320 14 80 97 www. phileo-lesaffre.com

Weighing equipment Imeco +39 0372 496826 www.imeco.org PLP +39 05 23 89 16 29 www.plp-systems.com

Contact: martynan@perendale.co.uk

Silo Construction & Engineering +32 51723128 www.sce.be Silos Cordoba +34 957 325 165 www.siloscordoba.com Soon Strong Machinery +886 3 9901815 www.soonstrong.com.tw Sukup +1 641 892 4222 www.sukup.com Symaga +34 91 726 43 04 www.symaga.com Tanis +90342337222 www.tanis.com.tr Top Silo Constructions (TSC) +31 543 473 979 www.tsc-silos.com

Temperature monitoring Inteqnion +31 543 49 44 66 www.inteqnion.com Tanis +90342337222 www.tanis.com.tr

Training BĂźhler AG +41 71 955 11 11 www.buhlergroup.com IAOM +1 913 338 3377 www.iaom.info IFF +495307 92220 www.iff-braunschweig.de


OUT NOW! PERENDALE PUBLISHER'S INTERNATIONAL MILLING DIRECTORY 28 IS NOW ON AVAILABLE. With close to 30 years of publication behind it, the International Milling & Grain Directory (better known as the IMD) is a high-visibility, high-prestige directory for your company to appear in if you are selling products or services to millers. The IMD enjoys a global reach of more than 23,400 readers. New for IMD 28 you will find fascinating articles drawn from our sister publication, Milling and Grain. These articles provide real world examples from each different milling specialty, including interviews with leading industry figures, case studies based on visits to flour mills, feed mills and grain storage and handling manufacturers around the world.

Member news Alapala complete the installation of their first flour mill in Somaliland Ocrimâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s donation to hospitals in Cremona, Italy enable them to obtain five additional ICU proning beds to help those recovering from COVID-19 Symaga establish a new wheat storage plant and 14 silos for the National Service Projects Organisations of Egypt (NSPO)

The International Milling Directory is free to join. List your company, products and services today at:


Kansas State University +1 785 532 6161 www.grains.k-state.edu

Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 113


What is The Market Place The Market Place is a collaboration between Milling and Grain magazine and our sister titles, The International Milling Directory and The Global Miller. The Market Place aims to connect the print and the digital world, bringing more content that will be of interest, as well as direct links to the content that you want to see. Throughout this edition of the magazine you will find QR codes and myMAG links that can link to various content from all three publications. MAG TV MAG TV is Milling and Grain magazineâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s video channel. Featuring content about new products, interviews with industry professionals, industry event content and much more


Advertised products in this issue


4B > myMAG.info/e/60


myMAG links myMAG links are shortened hyperlinks that will take you directly to content when typed into a browser

PROFILE myMAG.info/e/192


OBIAL > myMAG.info/e/125

myMAG.info/e/128 myMAG.info/e/129


AGI > myMAG.info/e/194



OCRIM > myMAG.info/e/95


ASG/GENC DEGRIMEN > myMAG.info/e/231



OTTEVANGER > myMAG.info/e/98

myMAG.info/e/130 myMAG.info/e/133


ALMEX > myMAG.info/e/98



PTN > myMAG.info/e/234


ALTINBILEK > myMAG.info/e/280



PAVAN > myMAG.info/e/267


PCE > myMAG.info/e/273



AMANDUS KAHL > mYMAG.info/e/65




ANDRITZ > myMAG.info/e/67



PINGLE > myMAG.info/e/136




PLP > myMAG.info/e/125




SATAKE > myMAG.info/e/209


SCE > myMAG.info/e/264


75, 77, 79 BASTAK > myMAG.info/e/69 87

BEHLEN > myMAG.info/e/70


BIOMIN > myMAG.info/e/71




BROCK > myMAG.info/e/262



SELIS > myMAG.info/e/49





BUHLER > myMAG.info/e/73




COFCO > myMAG.info/e/125



SILOS CORDOBA > myMAG.info/e/147



Consergra > myMAG.info/e/295



SIWERTELL > myMAG.info/e/278



CSI > myMAG.info/e/77



DINNISSEN > myMAG.info/e/315



ERKAYA > myMAG.info/e/59



EVONIK > myMAG.info/e/323



EXTRU TECH > myMAG.info/e/599



FAMSUN > myMAG.info/e/86



FAWEMA > myMAG.info/e/312



FILIP > myMAG.info/e/79



FRIGOTEC > myMAG.info/e/604






GAZEL MAKINA > myMAG.info/e/81



GIME TECH >myMAG.info/e/680



GRAIN TECHNIK > myMAG.info/e/679



GUTTRIGE > myMAG.info/e/854



HYDRONIX >myMAG.info/e/333



IMAS > myMAG.info/e/84



INTEQNION > myMAG.info/e/191



LAMBTON > myMAG.info/e/88






MYANDE > myMAG.info/e/322



NABIM > myMAG.info/e/217



SUKUP > myMAG.info/e/35



SYMAGA > myMAG.info/e/149



TAPCO > myMAG.info/e/152



TSC > myMAG.info/e/239



TEKPRO > myMAG.info/e/310



THE ESSMUELLER > myMAG.info/e/153



VAN ARSEN > myMAG.info/e/212



VIGAN > myMAG.info/e/164



WENGER > myMAG.info/e/165



WYNVEEN >myMAG.info/e/320



YEMMAK > myMAG.info/e/167



YEMTAR > /mYMAg.info/e/669



YENAR > myMAG.info/e/169



ZACCARIA >myMAG.info/e/671



ZHENGCHANG > myMAG.info/e/32


Milling and Grain - July 2020 | 115

the interview

Erik Visser, CEO, Hamlet Protein

Erik Visser has been involved in the animal feed industry for most of his career, usually in a highranking position, such as the company CEO. The companies he has worked for are among the leaders in the feed industry and include such prestigious names as Nutriad/Adisseo and Provimi. In mid-2019, he took a position as CEO of Hamlet Protein, a company headquartered in Denmark that specialises in soy-based specialty proteins used in young animal feed. Erik Visser’s skills as a CEO are known throughout the industry, where he is recognised as a role model and leader who demonstrates his passion for building solid teams.

Has COVID-19 changed the way Hamlet Protein operates around the globe?

Travel restrictions in our core markets forced us to find new ways to communicate with our clients, suppliers and colleagues. Intensive use of web-based platforms (WebEx; Teams; Skype etc) instead of face-to-face meetings have become the norm. We have organised several webinars, both for customer specific topics and broader groups. Beyond our focus on animal nutrition and health, we have invited speakers to address topics of organizational change and personal leadership with the aim to inspire and motivate our stakeholders in these challenging times. We operate in many countries, and thus have to deal with different local policies. In Denmark, restrictions are being reduced and staff can come to the office again, other countries’ lockdown regulations are still in place. At the start of the outbreak we have seen stock taking in several geographies, but since May order patterns are back to normal. In May we have also seen a normalisation of freight availability and costs again. In the first months of the year reduced container availability, due to slow down of global economy, led to delays and cost increases in ocean freight. In land transport border controls have been causing some delays, as drivers need to get tested before being allowed entrance into certain countries. COVID-19 has seen lower energy costs, which is a positive for Hamlet Protein. Production is also running normally; there have been no COVID-19 cases amongst Hamlet Protein staff. We have people working from home as much as possible but see a desire to come back to the office and interact with teammates. The development of new projects with customers takes more time than before, but we still see new customer wins happening. Last month Hamlet Protein made several monetary donations to food banks in various geographies, to support communities impacted by economic slowdown. We financed this from our reduced travel and entertainment (T&E) costs and feel fortunate that we can contribute to our society in this way. In general terms our industry is resilient; Hamlet Protein focuses on young animals. Producers will first reduce diet costs of mature animals, before touching the young animal diet. If overall animal numbers go down, this will, of course, impact our outlook as well. We closely monitor the impact of COVID-19 on our markets and, although there is a certain level of uncertainty on future developments, we are maintaining our 2020 outlook.

How are Hamlet Protein’s markets and economies responding to COVID-19?

In North Central America (NCA), economies have slowed down and unemployment rates are at historic highs. Closures of processing plants and slowdowns of processing in others are impacting swine and poultry farmers, leading to euthanisation of pigs and chicken. This impact is mainly seen in the US so far.

116 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

It is estimated that US pork processing is running at about 80 percent of normal capacity. That means the next 9-to-12 months will be challenging for swine and poultry producers; increasing financial pressure on producers; reduction of pig numbers; and a further consolidation of pork producers is expected. The poultry industry will be impacted as well and slow down in the next several months, but recovery is expected to be quicker overall than the pork industry. In China the main impact of COVID-19 was seen in Q1-2020, as first outbreak started late December 2019. Currently restrictions are being lifted; travel within states is being allowed and producers are restocking pig herds. In the rest of Asia-Pacific, conditions vary strongly from country to country, as COVID-19 only started impacting economies outside China around March. Added to that we are still dealing with African Swine Fever (ASF), which has impacted swine numbers across the region, but at the same time pushed poultry volume upwards in several countries. We are closely monitoring meat processing capacity in northern Europa. Some slow down has happened towards the end of May, measurements taken on local levels will determine the impact it will have in coming months. With the European holiday season coming up, the reduced demand in food services will slow down demand for all types of animal protein.

What impact has Hamlet Protein seen in terms of products, supply and demand?

In May our supply/demand was steady for both Northern Central America and Asia-Pacific, resulting in sales levels above last year. In EMEA in May our supply/demand was steady as well, with sales performance in line with last year.

Has Hamlet Protein’s supply changed following the COVID-19 restrictions?

We run 24-hour production in our Findlay, Ohio plant in North Central America. We have not had any COVID-19 cases amongst staff and continue to operate at normal levels. Supply of raw materials, most of them sourced locally, has not seen any interruptions. We do not have production in Asia, we supply from either our Findlay, US plant or from Horsens, Denmark. We are catching up in stock building, as we had delays in Q1-2020 due to lack of container availability for ocean freight. Stock levels will return to normal in June again. We run 24-hour production in our Horsens, Denmark plant. We have not had any COVID-19 cases amongst staff and continue to operate at normal levels in EMEA.

Has Hamlet Protein experienced any issues with transport?

Transportation availability within North Central America has been tight and was already tight pre-COVID 19. As we are working with long term partners, we have been able to ship at normal levels and supply our customers in time. In May the Asia-Pacific supply chain gradually returned to

normality, and we expect to have normal safety stock levels back in place in June. Earlier disruptions led to increased supply chain costs. Border crossings take more time in EMEA due to enhanced checks. Land transport still sees good availability; container shipments are less predictable in timing and costs, although are gradually coming back to normality.

What is Hamlet Proteinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s outlook for the coming months ?

We do not foresee any issues in supplying our customers within the US. We expect pressure on the demand side, due to reduction of pig numbers as well as financial pressure on pig and poultry producers. We do not foresee any complication on supplying our customers in the AsiaPacific region. On the demand side we see China picking up again whilst other Asian countries are still under some pressure. ASF is still more dominant in terms of market impact for swine than COVID-19. Meat consumption in Southern Europe in summer months depends on tourism. As travel and tourism is restricted, this will impact the consumption level of food service (restaurants). This will be mostly seen in Spain, Italy and Greece.

PEOPLE THE INDUSTRY FACES Dmitry Rozhdestvenskiy joins Satake Europe as an Area Sales Manager


r Rozhdestvenskiy graduated with a mechanical engineering degree in his native city of Saint Petersburg, Russia and brings with him 14 years of sales experience in a range of sectors. Dmitry will aim to strengthen sales and relationships in the Eastern European and Central Asian regions.

He commented, “I consider my main goal to facilitate and encourage the modernisation of the grain, food and farming industries by offering advanced colour sorters to well-established companies as well as newcomers to the market. It is a joy to work for such a forwardthinking, reputable company.”

Mehrtash Ghaziani joins Omas Industries as Regional Sales Manager


mas Industries is proud to announce that Mehrtash Ghaziani, already Regional Sales Manager for Iran and Iraq and a valuable collaborator within the company, has been named as Sales Manager for Pakistan as well as Afghanistan countries.

Strengthened by his knowledge of the territory and his decades of experience in the industrial milling industry, Mehrtash will be able to bring his enthusiasm and determination to the new area, which is full of potential for Omas Industries.

Luigi Nalon, Omas Industries CEO said, “I am sure that he will provide even more added value thanks to his long-term experience in the milling industry. He is an admirable professional and skilled person who, in time, has gained the admiration of all the customers that had the chance to work with him and he will surely get the approval of new ones. Good luck Mehrtash in this new adventure!”

Kemin Industries names Patrick Wood Chief Financial Officer


emin Industries, a global ingredient manufacturer that strives to sustainably transform the quality of life every day for 80 percent of the world with its products and services, has appointed Patrick Wood, formerly Vice President of Finance for Kemin Nutrisurance.

Wood joined Kemin in 2013 as a senior accountant before becoming an accounting manager a year later. The following year, he was promoted to controller for Kemin Animal Nutrition and Health – North America, and in 2015 became finance director for the business unit. In 2018, Wood took on the position of Vice President of Finance for Kemin Nutrisurance, the global pet food and rendering technologies business unit.

“Since joining Kemin, Pat has shown his exceptional aptitude for managing financial operations in a variety of business units and across international boundaries,” said Dr Chris Nelson, President and CEO, Kemin Industries. “When it came time to fill Tammi’s position upon her retirement, Pat’s ability to drive continuous improvement and experience developing and executing global strategic plans and budgets made him an excellent fit.”

Simon Stead appointed chairman of The CBH Group


sperance farmer Simon Stead has been appointed as the new deputy chairman of CBH. The CBH Group announced that Mr Stead will take on the role immediately after former deputy chairman, Vern Dempster decided not to renominate for the position.

Mr Stead has been a member of the CBH Board since 2015, when he was elected to replace former chairman Neil Wandel when Mr Wandel chose not to run for another term.

Mr Stead is the CBH-appointed representative on the Co-operatives WA Council and is also a member of the Industry Advisory Board of the UWA Institute of Agriculture and a graduate member of the Australian Institute of Company Directors. “I am really thrilled, I have been on the board for four years now and am grateful for the support of the rest of the directors and look forward to working in this new capacity,” Mr Stead said.

118 | July 2020 - Milling and Grain

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