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crownest station overdevelopment and botanical research centre

The S eed Crows Nest O ve r- Stat i o n Res i d e nt i a l D evel o p m e nt ------------------------- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bota n i ca l P res er vat i o n / D i st r i b u t i o n C ent re wi t h Se ed b a n k

The Uni ve rs i t y o f Sydney M A RC 4 0 0 1 Ur ba n Re s e arc h St udi o G e un M o K i m & E r ne st Sun & Ye o nho C ho i Tu to r : F ra nco i s B l a nc i a k


Group Members: Name : G eun Mo Kim S I D: 3 1 2 053045 P hone : +61 (0) 410922974 E-mail: geunmo. d. kim@ g m a i l .com Name : Er nest Chi Leung Sun S I D: 4 4 0 347507 P hone : +61 (0) 404369372 E-mail: e clsun@ hotmail. com Name : Yeonho Choi S I D: 4 5 0 537183 P hone : +82 (0) 1063539341 E-mail: c reativelyeon@ g m a i l .com MA RC 4 0 01 - U rban Resea rch S tu di o Tutor : Francois Blanciak S ubmission D ate: 07/June / 2019


Contents 01_Project Contex t & Site

5

- Si te D e s c r i pt i o n

7

- Eco no m i ca l Ana l ys i s

8

- Si te Re s e arc h & St re et s ca pe St udy

9

- Si te M ate r i a l Pa l ette

12

- H i sto r i ca l St udy

13

- D e m o g ra phi c St udy

14

- Si te Ana l ys i s

15

02_Precedent Study

23

- Os a ka N am ba Stat i o n

25

- To ro nto Y M C A C e nt re

27

- M t . Anna n Aust ra l i a n Pl ant bank

29

03_Programmatic Study

31

- W hy do we ne e d T he Se e dbank

33

- Pro g ra m Re qui re m e nt s

40

- F unc t i o nal Re l at i o ns hi p

41

04_Design Strategy

43

- V i s i o n State m e nt

44

- Si te D e s i g n Appro ac h

46

- M as s D e s i g n St rate g y

48

- C o nc e pt ua l St rate g y

51

05_Technological Strategy

53

55

- Gre e n H o us e Te c hno l o g y

06_Interim Design Development 07_Final Design Development 08_Bibliography

59 69 101


“A n a t i o n t h a t d e s t r o y s i t s s o i l s d e s t r o y s i t s e l f. F o r e s t s a r e t h e l u n g s o f o u r l a n d , p u r i f y i n g t h e a i r a n d g i v i n g f r e s h s t r e n g t h t o o u r p e o p l e .” by Franklin D. Roosevelt1

Rose Cornwell, “25 Inspiring Quotes About Protecting Nature That Will Make You Want To Quit Your Job And Move To The Forest,” The Uprooted Rose, June 29, 2018, , accessed June 06, 2019, https://theuprootedrose.com/blog/inspiring-quotes-about-protecting-nature-that-will-make-you-want-to-quit-your-job-and-move-to-the-forest?fbclid=IwAR02D9XvGxbS6n0OokLoUe5scC6GCpa8c633G51DiOYwqmgAHxEVHUWyev4. 1

4


01_Project Contex t & Site

5


Project Contex t & Site - Site De scription - Ur ban Research - Site Re search & S treetsca pe S tudy + Pac if ic Hw y + Will oug hby Rd + H e r i tage Items - M ate r ial Palette of Crows Ne st - H istor ical S tudy of Crows Ne st - De mo graphic S tudy of C rows Ne st - Site A nalysis


Site Description

Cammeray Naremburn Cremorne

St. Leonards

Project Site

Crows Nest

Greenwich Wollstonecraft

C rows Ne st i s a su bur b l ocate d i n t he L owe r N o r t h Sho re , f i ve ki l o m et re s no r t h o f t he Sydn ey C B D. O r i gi na l l y pa r t of a l and g ra nt g i ve n to Edward Wo l l sto ne c raf t i n 1 8 2 1 , before be i ng spl i t i nto two su bur bs : C rows N e st and Wo l l sto ne c raf t . I t i s m o st l y a l ow sca l e re si d e nti a l su bur b wi th mi no r retai l e l e m e nt s o n i t s we ste r n bo rde r, but re c e nt l y ha s ha d m ore l a rge -sca l e deve l o pm e nt s o c c ur r i ng o n i t s we ste r n bo rde r, affe c te d by si m i l a r deve l op m e nts occu r r i ng i n i t s we ste r n ne i g hbo r St . L e o na rds 2 .

North Sydney Council, “Meetings,� North Sydney Council, , accessed June 06, 2019, https://www.northsydney.nsw.gov.au/Building_Development/Strategic_Planning/Crows_Nest_ Placemaking_Principles_Study. 2

7


Urban Research (Economical Analysis)

To Newcastle

To Richmond

To Blue Mountain

Penrith Health & Education Precinct

Norwest Business Park

Parramatta Central Business District

Macquarie Park Business Park Chatswood Business District Crows Nest Health & Education Precinct Sydney Central Business District Randwick Health & Education Precinct Sydney International Airport Port Botany

Capbelltown Health & Education Precinct To Wollongong To Canberra

8


Site Research & Streetscape Study (Pacific Hwy)

The stre etsca p e cha ra cte r cha nge s a s o ne m ove s al o ng Pac i f i c H i g hway. At t he i nte rse cti on betwe e n Pa ci f i c H i ghway a nd W i l l o ug hby Ro ad, t he st re et s ca pe i s do m i nate d by n a r row V i ctor i a n townh ou se fa cade s w i t h s ho pf ro nt s at g ro und l eve l . As o ne m ove s f ur the r we st a l ong Pa ci f i c H i ghway, t he s e tow nho us e s t rans i t i o n i nto m o re m o de r n m ul ti -storey sh opf ronts a n d a p a r t m e nt s , befo re f i na l l y t rans i t i o ni ng i nto l a rge re s ide nti a l towe rs a nd a pa r tm e nt b l o c k l a ng ua ge c ha ra c te r i st i c o f St . L e o nards . T he re i s thu s a cl e a r i ncre a se i n he i ght a s o ne m ove s we st a l o ng Pac i f i c H i g hway. T he s i te i s l ocate d on the juncti on betwe e n t he l atte r t wo t ypo l o g i e s , a nd t hus m ust nav i gate t hi s tra nsi ti on ca ref ul l y.

9


Site Research & Streetscape Study (Willoughby Rd)

Wi l l oughby Roa d i s th e cul tura l ce ntre o f C rows N e st , w i t h a l l t he m aj o r retai l , re staura nt a nd com mu ni ty ce ntre s l ocate d al o ng o r co nne c te d to t hi s st re et . I n te r m s o f stre etsca pe cha ra cte r, both si d e s o f t he st re et are do m i nate d by V i c to r i a n Tow nho us e s with sh opf ronts on the ground l evel , w i t h t hi s l ang uage co nt i nui ng unt i l i t re a c he s Alba ny S tre et. Thi s stre et i s conne c te d to Al exande r St re et , a no t he r m aj o r retai l a re a , v ia H ol te r ma nn S tre et a nd Er ne st Pl ac e , w i t h t he C rows N e st C o m m uni t y C e nt re al s o locate d at the i nte rse cti on betwe e n E r ne st Pl a c e and W i l l o ug hby Ro a d.

10


Site Research & Streetscape Study (Heritage Items)

Ox l ey B u si ne ss C e ntre ( S t Le on a rds C e nt re ) and C rows N e st H o te l a re m a j o r he r i ta ge bu i l di ngs i n C rows Ne st. Ox l ey B us i ne s s C e nt re i s de s i g ne d w i t h br uta l i st st yl e w hi c h be com e s strong cha ra cte r of Oxl ey st re et . T he key c harac te r i st i c s o f t he c e nt re i s t hat i t i s consi st wi th con crete to gi ve he av y we i g hte d l o o k w i t h m eta l f ra m e g l a z i ng . M o reove r, C rows Ne st H ote l i s l ocate d few bl o c ks away f ro m t he s i te a nd i t co ntai ns e ar l y twe nti eth ce ntur y Fre e C l a ssi cal St yl e w i t h ae st het i c us age o f br i c ks a nd re nde re d wa l l .

11


Material Palette of Crows Nest

In -si tu Co ncrete

12

Ve r ti ca l G roove C oncrete

Tradi t i o na l B r i c ks

Re nde r w i t h pai nt f i ni s h

C o r r ugate d M etal She et


Historical Study of Crows Nest

1770 Australia is discovered by Captain Cook.3

1821 Edward Wollstonecraft received a land grant. (St Leonards to North Sydney)3

1851 The first gold rush began in Australia which boosted Australian economy.3

1890 - 1918 The original St. Leonards Station was built in 1890. World War I was outbroken and railway was highly demanded for delivery materials.3

1945 World War II outbroke and Australia’s economy was flourished as employment rate and industrial demand was raised due to war supply.3

1975 Massive number of immigration started to come over after the war and boost residential demand around Crows Nest.3

2000 2000 Sydney Olympic was hosted in Sydney and increase in tourism demands improved Australian economy. Also, Crows Nest was started to develop as it is closed to Sydney City CBD.3

2019 Crows Nest Station was planned to be built by 2024 which will increase the demand of residential and entertainments3

Some Early History of the Crow’s Nest District, , accessed June 06, 2019, http://www.storytell.com.au/High_Site/history.htm?fbclid=IwAR1MH-DwrE5KnJvFKzA0t-SrRiHhUS-3vGV-JFOjdmDIXXHqI4Rk2cYYBvA. 3

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Demographic Study of Crows Nest (Greater Sydey VS Crows Nest)

49.3%

48.4%

50.7%

51.6%

Crows Nest

NSW

Ge n d er D em og ra p h i c

G e n d er D e m o gra p h i c

30% 6%

25%

5%

20%

4% 15% 3% 10%

2%

5%

1% 0-9

10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 Age D em og ra p h i c

bank

health

hospitality commerce

Jo b D em o g ra p h i c Legen d s Greater Sydney Crows Nest

14

IT

L e ge n d s Greater Sydney Crows Nest


Site Analysis (St. Leonards & Crows Nest - Major Precinct & Railway)

L e ge n d s Education Precincts Parks Sydney Train Sydney Metro

I n th i s si te a na l ysi s, we i de nti f i e d s pe c i f i c a re a s w i t hi n t he C rows N e st St . L e o na rds re gi on wh i ch we fe l t woul d be c r uc i al to o ur we l l - be i ng re l ate d co nc e pt . T hi s i nc l ude s he a l th pre ci ncts, e du cati on prec i nc t s and par ks , a l l t hi ng s re l ate d to a co m m uni t y ’s he a l th a n d we l l be i ng. We a l so ide nt i f i e d m et ho ds o f e nte r i ng and ex i t i ng C rows N e st i n the for ms of tra i n stati ons, w hi c h o ur bui l di ng i s a par t o f.

15


Site Analysis ( S t . L e o n a r d s & C r o w s N e s t - To p o g r a p h y )

L e ge n d s +100m +90m +80m

We a n a l yse d the top ogra phy a nd di s cove re d t hat t he o r i g i nal to po g raphy o f C rows Nest at the si te ha s be e n a l te re d by t he addi t i o n o f H um e St re et Par k, w i t h t he o r i g inal si te fa l l i ng nor th rathe r tha n r i s i ng up.

16


Site Analysis ( S t . L e o n a r d s & C r o w s N e s t - Tra n s p o r t A c c e s s )

L e ge n d s Primary Access Secondary Access Tertiary Access

We a sse sse d the m a i n meth od s o f e nt r y i nto C rows N e st to be st unde rsta nd t he m aj o r l a ndm a r ks a nd stre ets wi thi n th e co m m uni t y.

17


Site Analysis (St. Leonards & Crows Nest - Bus Route)

Legends Bus Route

Ana l ysi s of bus rou te s reve a l e d that t he s i te was a m aj o r t ho ro ug hfare i n te r m s o f tra nsp or tati on, wi th pe opl e getti ng o ff bus e s at t he l o cat i o n i n o rde r to ac c e s s St . Leo n a rd s S tati on, a nd vi ce ve rsa .

18


Site Analysis (St. Leonards & Crows Nest - Residential Density)

Legends High Density Medium Density Low Density

A na l ysi s of the re si de nti a l de n s i t y reve al s a no tabl e i nc re a s e i n de ns i t y a s o ne m ove s towa rds S t. Le ona rds. Thi s tra ns i t i o n m ust be addre s s e d by t he bui l di ng .

19


Site Analysis (St. Leonards & Crows Nest - Commercial)

L e ge n d s Industrial Mixed Use Business Neighbourhood Centre

Ana l ysi s of comme rci a l progra m s i n t he a re a reve al s a no ta bl e t rans i t i o n towards bus iness a n d i ndustr i a l p rogra m s a s one m ove s c l o s e r to St . L e o na rds

20


Site Analysis (St. Leonards & Crows Nest - Heritage)

L e ge n d s Heritage

A n a na l ysi s of h e r i ta ge i te ms w i t hi n t he are a reve a l s a he r i ta ge s ubstat i o n be hi nd t he B a sketb a l l gy mna si um .

21


From our research on Crows Nest ’s histor y, we noticed that based on historical trends, it was highly likely that Crows Nest and our site would become hyper-urbanised in the near future. As such, we decided to have a program which would allow us to combat this through the preser vation of nature. This program would be a seedbank.

22


02_Precedent Study

23


Precedent Study - Osaka Namba S tation - To ro nto Y MCA Centre - M t . A nnan Australian Pla ntba nk

24


Osaka Namba Station (Station Precedent)

Namba Park + Namba Station Namba Park & Station was re-designed and built over the Nankai Baseball Stadium by The Jerde Partnership. This station-over development was to create the gateway at Osaka and redefine the buildings to adopt into Osaka’s urban condition and context. The sloped roof-top garden offers a canyon pathway to simultaneously incite curiosity within visitors and homage similar natural landscape thereby reinforcing the connection with nature.

25


5F

Sho ppi ng M a l l , C afe , Re sta urant , Off i c e & C i ne m a 4F

Sho ppi ng M a l l , C afe , Re sta urant , H o te l & Par ki ng 3F

Sho ppi ng M al l , C afe , Re staura nt & Trai n Stat i o n 2F

Sho ppi ng M al l , C afe , Re staura nt & Off i c e 1F

Sho ppi ng M al l , C afe & Re sta urant B1 F

L egends Primary Circulation Secondary Circulation 26

Sho ppi ng M al l , C afe & Re sta urant


To r o n t o Y M C A C e n t r e (Sports Centre Precedent)

Toronto YMCA Centre by Diamond Schmitt Architects Toronto YCMA Centre allows public to play sports and provide cultural space from densely urban city of Toronto. The main programs of the centre is connected with central corridor that public can have glimpse of other sport’s facilities which attracts and advertise other sports. Also, as the skylight at central corridor shows that the architect believed that it was a great oppertunity for the social acitivity area to encourage strong social bonding between the public.

27


Indoor Running Tra ck

Ro o f- to p Garde n

Indoor Swimming Pool

L e c t ure T he at re

Indoor Basketbal l C our t

Re c e pt i o n

L e ge n d s Primary Circulation Secondary Circulation 28


Mt. Annan Australian Plantbank (Botanical Research Centre Precedent)

Mt. Annan Australian Plantbank by BVN Architecture The A ustra l i a n P l a ntba nk i s l ocate d i n M t . Annan w hi c h i s s o ut he r n par t o f Sydney to pre se r ve a n d re a se a rch a b out t he pl a nt s and s e e ds o f I nne r- s o ut hwe st o f Sydney. T he progra m i s de si gne d a n d pl a ce d di ffe re nt l y t hro ug h o ut t he l eve l s a s unde rg ro und i s de di cate d for se e dba nk wh i l e the uppe r l eve l i s m ai nl y fo r re s e arc h and l e ar ni ng c e ntre . A l so, th e bui l di ng foota ge st udy o f bo ta ni ca l re s e arc h c e nt re ove r t he wo r l d was condu cte d to un de rsta nd bui l d i ng pro g ra m a nd c i rc ul at i o n.

29


Refl e cti ve Fa cade System BVN has desig ned a specif i c ref l e cti ve facade system in order to re du ce the building footprint within the a re a .

La b o rato r y Sp a c e D e s i gn A wi de cor r i do r w i t h an o pe n pl an syste m i s uti l i se d to o pt i m i s e s pac e w i t hi n t he bu i l di ng

Sk yl i g ht & C o m m u n a l Sp ace Skyl i g ht s m a r k t he l o cat i o n o f com m unal s pa c e s w i t hi n t he bui l di ng m as s to maxi m i ze n at u ra l l i ght i n g .

National Tropical Botanical Garden Seed Bank & Laboratory

New York Botanical Garden

Alaska Botanical Garden

Botanscher Garten und Botanisches Museum Berlin

Iowa Arboretum

Queen Sirikit (Mae Sa) Botanic Garden

Henry Foundation for Botanical Research

Centre for Australian National Biodiviersity Resarch

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03_Programmatic Study

31


Programmatic Study - Why d o we need The S ee dba nk ? + Sydney Botanical Ecosyste m Re se a rch + Coastal S altwater Bio me s Re se a rch + Botanical Catalog ue Re se a rch - Program Requirements - F unc t io nal Relationship

I m a ge s: C o urte sy of T he Roya l B otanical Garden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? (Sydney Botanical Ecosystem Research)

Inland Rainforest Eco syste m

Coasta l Saltwater Eco syste m

Sydney Botanical Ecosystem Analysis

Rainforest & Waterfall

Blue Mountain National Park

Berowa Valley National Park

Garigal National Park

Lane Cove National Park Prospect Nature Reserve

Pacific Ocean Proposed Crows Nest Botanical Conservatory

Heathcote National Park

Eucalyptus Forest Mt. Annan Australian Plantbank

Freshwater Lagoon

Heathland

Ku-ring-gai Chast National Park

Dharawal National Park

Costal Sandstone Cliff

Royal National Park

From our re se a rch on se edbanks a nd bi o m e s w i t hi n t he Sydney B asi n, we noti ce d a cl e a r di v i de bet we e n co a sta l and m o re i nl a nd biome s, a s we l l a s th e pre se nc e o f a no t he r Se e dba nk w i t hi n t he Sydney re gi on. The re i s thu s g re at o ppo r t uni t y fo r a no t he r s e e dbank to be set up whi ch ca n re duc e t he l o a d o f t he ex i st i ng s e e dba nk.

Mangrove I m age s : C o ur te sy o f Th e Roya l Bo ta ni ca l G a rden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? (Coastal Saltwater Biomes Research)

Wet Sclerophyll Forest

Sandy and Dr y Coastal Environments

Wet and Saline Environments

Crows Nest Local Environments

Avg. 25oC

Avg. 12oC

Avg. 20oC

Avg. 15oC

Avg. 20oC

Very Dark

Very Bright

Dark

Average

Average

2500mm

1000mm

1100mm

1100mm

1200mm

Few

Average

Average

A Lot

Few

I m a ge s: C o urte sy of T he Roya l B otanical Garden

34

Duff y ’s Forest


Why do we need The Seedbank? (Botanical Catalogue - Wet Sclerophyll Forest)

Eucalyptus Saligna ‘Sydney Blue Gum’

Acacla Elata ‘Cedar Wattle’

Allocasuarina torulosa ‘Forest She-Oak’

Acacia Binervata ‘Two-vined Hickory‘

Acacia Longifolia ‘Sydney Golden Wattle’

Breynia Oblongifolia ‘Coffee Bush‘

Homalanhus Populifolius Bleeding Heart ‘Native Poplar‘

Austrodanthonia Racemosa ‘Slender Wallaby Grass‘

Brunoiella Australis ‘Blue Trumpet’

Pratia Purpurascens ‘Whiteroot‘

Smilax Glyciphylla ‘Sweet Sarsaparilla‘

Cissus Antarctica ‘Kangaroo Vine‘

I m age s : C o ur te sy o f Th e Roya l Bo ta ni ca l G a rden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? (Botanical Catalogue - Sandy and Dry Coastal Enviornments)

Coastal Sandstone Heath

Scrub She-oak

Heath-leaved Banksla

Dwarf Chinkanpin Oak

Smooth Barked Apple

Sydney Peppermint

Sunshine wattle

Old Man Banksia

Narrow Leaved Apple

Flannel Flower

Scribbly Gum

Red Bloodwood

I m a ge s: C o urte sy of T he Roya l B otanical Garden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? ( B o t a n i c a l C a t a l o g u e - D u f f y ’s F o r e s t )

Eucalyptus Umbra ‘Broad-Leaved White Mahogany’

Eucalyptus Sieberi ‘Silvertop Ash’

Ceratopetalum Gummiferum ‘Christmas Bush’

Pittosporum Undulatum ‘Mock Orange’

Acacia Myrtifolia ‘Myrtle Wattle’

Epacris Pulchella ‘Wallum Heath‘

Caustis Flexuosa ‘Curly Wig‘

Themeda Australis ‘Kangaroo Grass‘

Centella Aslatica ‘Indian Pennywort’

Tetratheca Ericifolla ‘Pink Eye‘

Cassytha Species ‘Devil’s Twine‘

Kennedia Rubicunda ‘Dusky Coral Pea‘

I m age s : C o ur te sy o f Th e Roya l Bo ta ni ca l G a rden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? (Botanical Catalogue - Wet and Saline Environments)

Casuarina Glauca ‘Swamp Oak’

Livistona Australis ‘Cabbage Palm Tree’

Avicennia Marina ‘Grey Mangrove’

Glochidion Ferdinandi ‘Cheese Tree’

Aegiceras Corniculatum ‘River Mangrove’

Grevillea Speciosa ‘Red Spider Flower’

Lambertia Formosa ‘Mountain Devil’

Styphelia Tubiflora ‘Red Five-corner’

Eragrostis Brownii ‘Brown’s Lovegrass’

Lepyrodia Scariosa ‘Chaffy Scale-rush’

Dampiera Stricta Blue ‘Dampiera‘

Phyllanthus Hirtellus ‘Thyme Spurge’

I m a ge s: C o urte sy of T he Roya l B otanical Garden

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Why do we need The Seedbank? (Coastal Saltwater Biomes)

Lomandra Longifolia ‘Mat Rush’

Dianella Caerulea ‘Blue Flax’

Hibbertia Scandens ‘Golden Buinea Flowers’

Hardenbergia Violacea ‘Hardenbergia’

Platylobium Formosum ‘Handsome Flat-pea’

Westringia Fruticosa ‘Coastal Rosemary’

Crowea Exalata ‘Pink Crowea’

Acacia Ulicfolia ‘Prickly Moses’

Pomaderris Ferruginea ‘Rusty Pomaderris’

Ozothamnus Diosmifolius ‘Everlasting Paper Daisy’

Calicoma Serratifolia ‘Black Wattle‘

Acmena Smithii ‘Lilly Pilly‘

I m age s : C o ur te sy o f Th e Roya l Bo ta ni ca l G a rden

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Program Requirements

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Seedbank

Administrations & Amenities

It needs a lot of space to store adequate numbers of all wildlife numbers from five biomes in coastline area. Seeds will be stored in cryogenics style containment facilities. Area: 1840m 2

It assists different programs and mostly deal with paperworks around the facilities Area: 800m 2

Research Lab & Sorting Facilities

Market Place

It researches the methods to adapt seeds into the urban context and sorts seeds into different biomes when received from donors / researchers/ government Area: 1370tm 2

A market place has been added to sell merchandise made from certain plants, which boosts awarness of nature within the community, and thus interest in nature. Area: 1500m 2

Greenhouse

Workshops

Five different greenhouses which protrude out from underground corresponds to one of the five biomes in the Sydney Coastal region and environments can be manipulated. Area: 400m 2

Manufacturing workshops where people can visit and learn how some of the products sold in the market can be made from the plants in the biomes. Area: 1150m 2

Garden

Train Station

An open garden space which simultaneously acts as an advertisement space to the rest of the community, and also a substitute park area to make up for lost Hume Street Park. Area: 2130m 2

New underground Sydney Metro Line that will activate the suburb. Plants and plant products can circulate to the rest of Sydney through this Train Station. Area: 3000m 2

Learning Centre

Apartment

It helps to educate the community on the plants within the coastal eco-system, with the learning centres in each greenhouse teaching people about the plant in each biomes. Area: 1080m 2

It has separated lobby to keep the privacy of the residents and consists of total 150 units (30 x studio, 60 x 1 bedroom, 60 x 2 bedroom) Area: 16,000m 2


Functional Relationship of Programs

Learning & Application Area

Distribution Area

Preservation Area

Advertisement Area

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By setti ng u p a se e dba n k at C rows N e st , we are a bl e to re duc e t he st ra i n o n t he Cam p be l l town S e e dba n k , a nd a l l ow fo r bo t h s e e dbanks to s pe c i al i s e i n di ffe re nt bi o m e type s, i n C rows Ne st ’s ca se : C oa stal B i o m e s . At t he s am e t i m e , t he C rows N e st s e e dbank wi l l be a b l e to ta ke a d va nta ge o f i t s po s i t i o n w i t hi n t he Sydney Eco no m i c B a nana in ord e r to spre a d k nowl e dge a nd s e e ds t hro ug ho ut Sydney, t he re by al l ow i ng us to adopt a uni q ue pre se r vati on strate g y fo r o ur bui l di ng .

I m a ge s: C o urte sy of T he Roya l B otanical Garden

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04_Design Strategy

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Deisgn Strategy - Visio n Statement - Site De sig n Approach - M ass Desig n S trateg y - Co n c e ptual S trateg y

Vision Statement Our v i s i o n fo r t he bui l di ng i s to c re ate a c e nt re w hi c h allows us to fa c i l i tate a n evo l ve d ve rs i o n o f pre s e r vat i o n o f nat ure. I ni t i a l l y t he bui l di ng co m pl ete l y pre s e r ve s nat ure f ro m hum an i nte ra c t i o n, t he n i t g radual l y a l l ows hum an i nte ra c t i o n w it h t he pl ant s , re s ul t i ng i n t he l e a ki ng a nd g radual s pre a d o f plant s out i nto t he co m m uni t y. T hi s w i l l re s ul t i n a new co m m uni t y w hic h l i ve s har m o ni o usy w i t h nat ure , w hi c h has i n t ur n co m pletely a dapte d to a hype r- ur ba ni s e d e nv i ro nm e nt to t ur n i t i nto a hybr i d e nv i ro nm e nt .

44


45


Site Design Approach

01 Street Redefinition I n o rde r to a c t i vate t he s i te , we re def i ne d t he E x i st i ng C l ar k L a ne and C l ar k St re et bet we e n H um e St re et and Ox l ey St re et f ro m dr i veways to pe de st r i a n access.

02 Street Activation By do i ng t hi s , we a c t i vate Ox l ey St re et a nd H um e St re et t hro ug h t he c re at i o n o f g re ate r pe de st r i a n a nd ve hi c l e f l ow. T he f ro ntage o f H um e St re et i n par t i c ul a r i s a c t i vate d.

03 Social Connection & Enhancement D e m o l i t i o n o f fo ur ex i st i ng te r ra c e s a l l ow fo r bette r co nne c t i o n w i t h E r ne st Pl ac e a nd H o l te r m ann St re et , a nd t he refo re bette r co nne c t i o n to co m m uni t y l a nd m ar ks .

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Site Design Approach

04 Retainment & Restorement T he Par ki ng Towe r and B r uta l i st hi sto r ical l a ndm ar k ha s be e n retai ne d to m e et t he de m a nd o f t he s o c i ety. H oweve r, t he unde rg ro und c hi l dc e nt re w i t h a r t i f i ca l hi l l go t re m ove d to re sto re nat ural to po g ra phy.

05 Site Access T he re are 6 m a i n a c c e s s po i nts l e a d to m ai n st re et s and att rac t i o ns i n C rows N e st . T he i nte r na l c i rc ul at i o n o f t he s i te i s i nte nde d to m e et at t he c e nt re .

06 Station Access T he stat i o n a c c e s s has be e n def i ne d w i t h t he re s ul t o f de s i g n st rate g y and a l l ows m o re pe o pl e to nat ural l y f l ow i nto bo t h stat i o n and pro g ra m s o n t he g ro und.

47


Mass Design Strategy

48

1. T h e S i te & D em ol i ti on The site is locate d at a m a jor thoroughfa re between Crows Ne st a nd S t. Le ona rds. Ex i sti ng building s have be e n de m ol i she d to cre ate a m o re iconic buildin g.

2 . In c rea s e d Vo l u m e D ue to the deve l o pm e nt be i ng a new M et ro Stat i o n, i t wa s i m po r tant to i nc re as e t he vo l um e o f t he bui l di ng to e ns ure i m m e di ate re co g ni t i o n

3. Ap p reci ati on of Her i ta ge I tem s To avoid overl y affe cti ng th e ex i sti ng h e r i ta ge item, the buil d i ng m a ss ha s be e n m ove d away, creating a cou r tya rd.

4 . Se p a rat i o n o f m a s s T he m as s has be e n s e parate d i n o rde r to c re ate a c l e ar pe de st r i an co r r i do r t hro ug h t he s i te w hi c h l i nks to ex i st i ng pe de st r i an ro ute s .


Mass Design Strategy

5. Ch a mfer i n g cor n ers The corners have be e n ch a mfe re d to provi de a g reater se nse of i nvi tati on to vi si tors.

6 . Sk yl i g ht a n d C o u r t ya rd Skyl i g ht s a nd co ur t ya rds have be e n c ut i nto t he m a s s to prov i de m o re l i g ht i nto t he st r uc t ure a nd al s o nat ural gat he r i ng s po t s w i t hi n t he s i te .

7. G reen h ou s e Ma s s i n g We added the G re e nh ou se s a ccordi ng to 5 di fferent coa sta l b i ome s wi thi n the Sydney Ba s i n. These conne ct a l l progra ms a nd l eve l s toget he r, allowing gl i mpse s through ou t the bui l di n g .

8 . Towe r M a s s i n g A 9 0 m re s i de nt i a l towe r was adde d due to dem a nd fo r ove rstat i o n re s i de nt i al deve l o pm e nt s . T hi s i s a l s o a re s po ns e to pre di c te d t re nds o f a hype r- ur bani s e d f ut ure fo r C rows N e st . 49


Mass Design Strategy

50

9. G a rd en A garden has be e n a dde d b oth to a l i gn wi th the building ’s tra nsi ti on conce pt, a nd a l so to prov i de a replacement for H um e S tre et Pa r k , whi ch has been demolish e d.

1 0 . Ro o f A d a ptat i o n As a re s po ns e to t he te r rac e l a ng ua ge w i t hi n C rows N e st , we adde d a s i m i l ar ro o f m o t i f to o ur m a s s . I n a ddi t i o n, t hi s ro o f al l ows us to re s po nd bette r to s unl i g ht , di re c t i ng s unl i g ht i nto t he bui l di ng .

11. Ad d i n g G reen er y to Tower In order to co nti nue th e bui l di ng conce pt, a s we l l as increase the q ua l i ty of l i vi ng wi th i n th e re s idences themse l ve s, ve r ti ca l ga rde ns we re a d de d to the tower.

1 2 . M a j o r Stat i o n E nt r y To fa c i l i tate a t ra ns i t i o na l j o ur ney t hro ug h t he s i te , a nd ai d v i s i to r m ove m e nt , we a dde d a g ra nd e nt ranc e i nto t he stat i o n w hi c h al s o a c t s as addit i o nal e nt ra nc e s to t he bui l di ng ba s e m e nt .


Conceptual Strategy (Horizontal Design Concept)

Seedbank

Greenhouse

Garden

Metro Station

seeds are preserved in a secure seedbank, away from the new urban environment.

Plants are allowed to grow in a carefully controlled environment, in a preparation for future release.

Having adapted to the new urban environment, plants are allowed to grow almost freely in garden beds.

The adapted seeds are free to spread throughout Sydney, aided by the station locate on-site.

51


Conceptual Strategy ( Ve r t i ca l D e s i g n C o n c e p t )

FLOWER Advertisement

LEAVES Production & Communicatin

STEM Research & Adaptation

ROOT Preservation Our ver ti ca l strate gy wa s i nspi re d by th e i m age o f a f l owe r s pro ut i ng o ut o f t he g ro und. At the root l eve l ( und e rground ) , the se e d/ ro o t s i s pro te c te d unde rg ro und ( co r re s po ndi ng w i t h our pre se r vati on progra ms) . The n at the ste m l eve l , t he s e e d be g i ns buddi ng a nd ADAPT I N G to its e nvi ron m e nt ( he nce ou r re se a rch and a daptat i o n pro g ram s a re l o cate d above pre s e rveation ) . I t the n b e gi ns p rod uci ng l e ave s ( pro duc t i o n a nd co m m uni cat i o n) a s i t get s ta l l e r, before sprouti ng i nto a f l owe r at th e to p, ADV E RT I SI N G i t s e l f to t he re st o f t he wo r l d to a l l ow it to spre a d a round the wor l d. 52


05_Technological Strategy

53


Technological Strategy - G re e n House Technolog y + Sightline & Glimpse + L ight Penetration + Environmental Control + H ydration System

54


Te c h n o l o g i c a l S t r a t e g y (Sightline & Glimpse)

Sightline & Glimpse The gre e nh ou se i s ma de out of po l ycar bo nate ho l l ow pa ne l w hi c h he l ps t he l i g ht i nto the gre e n hou se a nd a l l ows th e wal l to co nt ro l t he te m pe rat ure w i t h cav i t y i n t he pa ne l . A s i t i s cl e a r m ate r i a l , peo pl e can l o o k o t he r pro g ram s t hro ug h t he g re e nho us e wh i ch i ntr i gue pe opl e i nto othe r pro g ra m s and c re at i ng a dve nt ure i n t he bui l di ng . 55


Te c h n o l o g i c a l S t r a t e g y (Light Penetration)

Light Penetration The saw-tooth for m of the roof a nd t he he i g ht s o f t he g re e nho us e s have be e n caref ully consi de re d to e nsure max i m u m li g ht pe net rat i o n i nto t he bui l di ng a l l -ye a r ro und. The G re e nh ou se voi d not onl y e nsu re s g l i m ps e s i nto e a c h l eve l , but a l s o e ns ure s m ax imum pe netrati on of su nl i ght i nto the bui l di ng . 56


Te c h n o l o g i c a l S t r a t e g y (Environmental Control)

Environmental Control Ea ch G re e nhouse se r vi cs pl a nts f ro m di ffe re nt co a stal bi o m e s w i t hi n t he Sydney B a si n. W h i l st n ot com pl ete l y d iffe re nt e nv i ro nm e nt s , t he bi o m e s st i l l re qui re s pe c i fi c te m p e ratu re s a n d humi di ti e s w hi c h i s di ffe re nt f ro m t hat fo und i n C rows N e st . As such, h um i di f i e rs a n d ra d i a nt pi pe s a re ut i l i s e d to e ns ure t he s e co ndi t i o ns w i t hi n t he gre e nhouse s, a l l owi ng th e m to t hr i ve . 57


Te c h n o l o g i c a l S t r a t e g y (Hydration System)

Hydration System Pla nts re qui re wate r, so a hydrati on syste m wa s a dde d to t he g re e nho us e s . T hi s a l s o aids i n control l i ng the humi d i ty wi t hi n t he g re e nho us e s .

58


06_Interim Design Development

59


Interim Design Development - F lo o r Plan - St r uc t ural S trateg y - A par t met S ustainable S ol u ti on

I n re sp onse to predictions of a hy p e r-ur b a ni se d f u ture for C rows Nest, in which nature a nd the or i gi na l com muni ty s pi r i t has be e n lost; the buildin g ha s be e n e nvi si one d a s both a m em o r ial/preser vation centre to nature a nd thi s spi r i t ( a cti n g a s an ar t piece which ref lect s cur re nt commun i ty di sta ste for hi g h re s ide nt ial building s in th e p re se nt) , a nd a l so a n unde rgro und we ll-be ing centre to aid in the physi ca l f i tn e ss of C rows N e st .


Floor Plan (Basement Level 1 - Scale 1:1000)

L e ge n d s 1 . L o bby 2 . B a s e ket ball court 3 . Sw i m m ing pool 4 . Gym 5 . Yo ga stud io 6 . Pr i vate c lass 7 . H o t pool (bat h ) 8 . Wa r m pool (bat h ) 9 . C o l d p ool (bat h) 1 0 . Pr i vate pool 1 1 . Fam i l y p ool 1 2 . To i l et 1 3 . M e di tat ion spac e 1 4 . Ze n garden 1 5 . Sto ra ge 1 6 . C hange room 1 7 . C e nt ral gard en 1 8 . I nfo r m at ion d esk 1 9 . co ncourse

0

10

20

30

40

50m

61


Floor Plan (Ground Level - Scale 1:1000)

L e ge n d s 1. 2. 3. 4.

0

62

10

20

Re s i de nt i a l lobby Stat i o n e nt ranc e C e nt ral garden Sho ps & cafe

30

40

50m


Section (Section A-A - Scale 1:1000)

63


Section (Section B-B - Scale 1:1000)

64


Internal Perspective (Central Garden)

preserved nature,

65


Internal Perspective (Bathhouse)

66


Interim Deisgn Development (Physical Model - Scale 1:1000)

67


Interim Deisgn Development (Physical Model - Scale 1:1000)

68


07_Final Design Development

69


Final Design Development - F lo o r Plan - St r uc t ural S trateg y - A par t met S ustainable S ol u ti on

The building has been env i si one d a s a se e dba n k whi ch wi l l simultaneously preser ve nature i n a nti ci pati on of a hy pe r- urbanise d f uture, but also s i mul ta n e ousl y a ct a s a ce ntre whi c h will gradually release natu re b a ck i nto the ur ba n e nvi ronm e nt , wh ilst also raising awarene ss on the di ffe re nt pl a nts whi c h ca n be foun d within the Sydney B a si n A re a .

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Site Plan (Scale 1:2000)

0

20

40

60

80

100m

71


Floor Plan (Basement Level 2 - Scale 1:1000) A

1

1

8

1

9

1

2

2

3

3

2

B

10

6

1

4 6

6 7 6

5

C 6

13 15

L e ge n d s

2

11

B

1 . C o l d s e e dba nk 2 . Se e dbank fo r e nda nge r s pe c i es 3 . L a bo rato r y 4 . Te m po rar y s o r t i ng l abo rato r y 5 . Se e d Sto rage fo r sto re 6 . B i o m e g re e nho us e 7 . Se r ve r ro o m 8 . M a l e to i l et & s howe r 9 . Fe m a l e to i l et & s howe r 1 0 . Ac c e s s i bl e to i l et 1 1 . B a s e m e nt l o bby 12. 13. 14. 15.

12 12

C afe / Re sta urant / Sho ps T i c ket o ff i c e M a i n stat i o n e nt ra nc e Si de stat i o n e nt ranc e

12 12 14

A

12 12

13 12

15

C 0

72

10

20

30

40

50m


Floor Plan (Basement Level 1 - Scale 1:1000) A

5

6 8

10

11

9

12

13 14 15 16

20 7

7

17

4

18 26

1

2

B

3

3

3

3

22

23

B

2 11 2 9 8 2

C 3

L e ge n d s

19

21

11 1

2

1 . Off i c e 2 . B i o m e s l abo rato r y 3 . B i o m e s g re e nho us e 4 . Adm i ni st rat i o n o ff i c e 5 . L e c t ure ro o m 6 . M e et i ng ro o m 7 . Se e d s o r t i ng l a bo rato r y 8 . M a l e to i l et & s howe r 9 . Fe m a l e to i l et & s howe r 1 0 . Ac c e s s i bl e to i l et 1 1 . K i tc he n fo r staff 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

24

25

A

D N A / M o l e c ul ar l abo rator y Sto ra ge F re eze r C o l d l abo rato r y L i qui d ni t ro ge n sto rage X- R ay ro o m C o l d ro o m War m l a bo rato r y I nc ubato r ro o m Se e d pa r ki ng l abo rato r y Se e d sto re Tunne l o f l e ar ni ng M a i n stat i o n e nt ra nc e Pa r ki ng Re c e pt i o n / L o bby

C 0

10

20

30

40

50m

73


Floor Plan (Basement Level 2) A

2

1

2

5

5

3

4

2

L e ge n d s

6

7

B

8

8

B

8 9 8

C 8

21 20

13

15 17 18 19

12

14

16

6

10 11 9

A

1 . Ope n a m phi t he ar t re 2 . C l a s s ro o m 3 . L e c t ure ro o m 4 . L i brar y 5 . M e et i ng ro o m 6 . C o ur t ya rd 7 . C afe 8 . B i o m e g re e nho us e 9 . M a r ket hal l 1 0 . C e nt ra l bo tani cal garde n 1 1 . H e r bar i um 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

St udyi ng are a Si de stat i o n e nt ranc e C o m m e rc i a l gar bage ro o m Re s i de nt i a l ga r ba ge ro o m Re s i de nt i a l l o bby M a l e to i l et Fe m a l e to i l et M a i l ro o m Ga r ba ge t r uc k e nt ranc e Pa r ki ng e nt ranc e

9 9

14 13

C 0

74

10

20

30

40

50m


Floor Plan (Basement Level 2) A

2

2

3

1

4 6 8

7

5

L e ge n d s 10

9

B

10 10

10

C

11

10 10

15 7

12

6 7 10

14

6 2

10

10

13

B

1 . Ope n a m phi t he ar t re 2 . M e et i ng ro o m 3 . Sm a l l l e c t ure ro o m 4 . L i brar y 5 . L a rge l e c t ure ro o m 6 . M a l e to i l et 7 . Fe m a l e to i l et 8 . Ac c e s s i bl e to i l et 9 . C afe 1 0 . Wo r ks ho ps 1 1 . Sky wal k 12. 13. 14. 15.

St udyi ng are a H e r bar i um Sto ra ge Sw i m m i ng po o l

10

10 10 10

10

10

A

10 10 10 10

10 10 10

10 10

7

10

8

6

10

10

C 0

10

20

30

40

50m

75


76


Section (Section A-A - Scale 1:500)

77


Scale (Section B-B - Scale 1:500)

78


Floor Plan (Section C-C - Scale 1:500)

79


Exterior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE @10:00AM ( 4 9 7 - 5 2 1 P a c i f i c H i g h w a y, C r o w s N e s t )

80


81


Exterior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE @21:00PM ( 4 9 7 - 5 2 1 P a c i f i c H i g h w a y, C r o w s N e s t )

82


83


Interior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE (Interior; Botanical Laboratory)

84


85


Interior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE (Interior; Learning Centre)

86


Exterior/Interior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE (Exterior/Interior; Central Greenhouse & Courtyard)

88


Interior Perspective 33.83OS,151.20OE (Interior; Metro Station Concourse)

90


Physical Site Model Scale 1:1000

92


Physical Site Model Scale 1:1000

94


Sectional Model Scale 1:200

96


97


Sectional Model Scale 1:200

98


99


100


08_Bibliography

101


Internet

- C o r n w e l l , R o s e . “ 2 5 I n s p i r i n g Q u o t e s A b o u t P r o t e c t i n g N a t u r e T h a t W i l l M a k e Yo u W a n t To Q u i t Yo u r

J o b A n d M o v e To T h e F o r e s t .” T h e U p r o o t e d R o s e . J u n e 2 9 , 2 0 1 8 . A c c e s s e d J u n e 0 6 , 2 0 1 9 . h t t p s : / / t h e u p r o o t edrose.com/blog /inspiring-quotes-about-protecting-nature-that-will-make-you-want-to-quit-your-job-andmove-to-the-forest?fbclid=IwAR02D9XvGxbS6n0OokLoUe5scC6GCpa8c633G51DiOYwqmgAHxEVHUWyev4.

- N o r t h S y d n e y C o u n c i l . “ M e e t i n g s .” N o r t h S y d n e y C o u n c i l . A c c e s s e d J u n e 0 6 , 2 0 1 9 . h t t p s : / / w w w.

n o r t h s y d n e y. n s w. g o v. a u / B u i l d i n g _ D e v e l o p m e n t / S t r a t e g i c _ P l a n n i n g / C r o w s _ N e s t _ P l a c e m a k i n g _ P r i n c i p l e s _ S t u d y.

- S o m e E a r l y H i s t o r y o f t h e C r o w ’s N e s t D i s t r i c t . A c c e s s e d J u n e 0 6 , 2 0 1 9 . h t t p : / / w w w. s t o r y t e l l . c o m .

a u / H i g h _ S i t e / h i s t o r y. h t m ? f b c l i d = I w A R 1 M H - D w r E 5 K n J v F K z A 0 t- S r R i H h U S - 3 v G V- J F O j d m D I X X H q I 4 R k 2 c Y Y B v A .

Images

- “ T h e R o y a l B o t a n i c G a r d e n S y d n e y.” T h e R o y a l B o t a n i c G a r d e n S y d n e y. A c c e s s e d J u n e 0 6 , 2 0 1 9 .

h t t p s : / / w w w. r b g s y d . n s w. g o v. a u / .

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Profile for Geun Mo Kim

The Seed  

MARC4001 - Urban Research Studio @ University of Sydney, School of Architecture, Design and Planning

The Seed  

MARC4001 - Urban Research Studio @ University of Sydney, School of Architecture, Design and Planning