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Learning strategies


Learning strategy # 1 Recognize that old knowledge is irrelevant


One good reason to dive head first into self-initiated learning is that much of what you were taught is already obsolete.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201607/the-golden-age-teaching-yourself-anything


Example: Recognize that people want to be more than only consumers / buyers. Recognize that people want to be involved, to help out, to co-create.

https://hbr.org/2016/11/why-the-problem-with-learning-is-unlearning


Learning strategy # 2 Set learning goals


Studies consistently show that people with clear goals outperform people with vague aspirations like “do a good job.� By setting goals, people can manage their feelings more easily and achieve progress with their learning.

https://hbr.org/2018/05/learning-is-a-learned-behavior-heres-how-to-get-better-at-it https://www.jstor.org/stable/258875


Instead of saying to yourself that you want to “read more” or “learn new things”, be specific. Example: Read for more than 20 minutes per day 5 days per week.

https://hbr.org/2016/01/how-to-make-learning-more-automatic https://hbr.org/2017/01/make-learning-a-lifelong-habit


The clearer you are about what you want to learn, and the types of people you want to learn from, the more likely you are to find the right community for you.

https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills


Learning strategy # 3 Read


What do you like to read?  A newspaper app?  Blogs you subscribe to?  Postings from people you follow on www.linkedin.com?  Tweets from people you follow on www.twitter.com?

https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills


To read better, 1. make connections to knowledge you already have about the topic. 2. make predictions about what you expect to discover as they read. 3. identify what you find most important. 4. reflect on what you have read and draw your conclusions.

https://www.edutopia.org/article/teaching-your-students-read-like-pros-kelly-cartwright


Learning strategy # 4

Observe


People, who learn well by observing, like to, for example,  watch photos on www.instagram.com,  watch videos on www.youtube.com.

http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/


Learning strategy # 5 Draw


Drawing information improves memory of the information by nearly double by challenging the person, who draws, to explore an idea in different ways.

https://amp.edutopia.org/article/science-drawing-and-memory


Learning strategy # 6 Try ideas out.


Even if we cannot predict what is going to happen, we can, for example, 1. collect signals to find out what is changing around us. 2. use knowledge we have to determine what may happen. 3. test ideas which relate to opportunities that arise. 4. learn new skills that help us create value from opportunities. Adapted from https://hbr.org/2016/01/the-biology-of-corporate-survival


Kolb showed that adults can’t learn merely by listening to instructions. They must also absorb the new information, use new information experimentally, and integrate it with their existing knowledge.

https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Organization/Change_Management/The_psychology_of_change_management_1316


If you practice a slightly modified version of a task you want to master, you actually learn more and faster than if you just keep practicing the exact same thing multiple times in a row. Example If you want to get better at writing / blogging, try to use different blogging software, for example www.blogger.com, www.wordpress.com, and www.medium.com https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/


Some learn best by looking at graphics or reading. Others would rather watch demonstrations or listen to things being explained. Others need a “hands-on� experience.

https://hbr.org/2012/11/how-to-master-a-new-skill.html


Learning strategy # 7 Talk


People, who talk to themselves, learn 3 times more than people, who don’t. 3 questions to ask yourself:  What did I just read?  What does it mean?  Why does it matter? https://hbr.org/2017/05/talking-to-yourself-out-loud-can-help-you-learn http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning


A great way to learn is to teach.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/11/opinion/sunday/why-we-should-stop-grading-students-on-a-curve.html


Learning strategy # 8

Follow a structure or follow no structure


Student A Needs structure, for example  specific directions,  a series of steps,

Student B Wants to do things in his or her own way.

http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/ http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22.


Learning strategy # 9 Learn individually or learn with others


Student A Prefers to mostly learn individually.

Student B Prefers to mostly learn with other people.

http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22.


Learning strategy # 10

Mix up your routine


Try using a different tool when you work tomorrow. Also, try sitting somewhere else than you normally do.

Adapted from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/


Learning strategy # 11 Think


To get the most out of learning experiences, reflect on them immediately following an activity.

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2414478


What have you learned from the experience?

https://hbr.org/2015/12/4-ways-to-become-a-better-learner


What were the reasons for that mistake you made along the way?

https://hbr.org/2016/03/dont-let-your-mistakes-go-to-waste


What could you have done better?

https://hbr.org/2015/06/improve-your-ability-to-learn


Research participants who did an arithmetic brain-teaser and then reflected on their strategies for solving it went on to do 18% better in a second round than their peers who hadn’t set aside time to reflect.

https://hbr.org/2014/04/to-enhance-your-learning-take-a-few-minutes-to-think-about-what-youve-learned/


Learning strategy # 12

Laugh


When we laugh, we relax. As anxiety decreases, our capacity to retain information expands.

https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning


The heightened emotion that humour evokes doesn't just make it easier for us to hit upon insights we otherwise wouldn’t - it also helps us remember them.

https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning


Learning strategy # 13 Discover your values


If learning is to persist, managers and employees need to also

reflect on their own behaviour. Why do you do what you do? What values drive your behaviour?

http://hbr.org/1991/05/teaching-smart-people-how-to-learn/ar/1

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Learning strategies  

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Learning strategies  

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