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Learning strategies


Learning strategy # 1 Recognize that old knowledge is irrelevant


One good reason to dive head first into self-initiated learning is that much of what you were taught is already obsolete.

https://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201607/the-golden-age-teaching-yourself-anything


Example Recognize that people want to more than only consumers / buyers. In other words, recognize that people would like to be involved, to help out, to co-create.

https://hbr.org/2016/11/why-the-problem-with-learning-is-unlearning


Learning strategy # 2 Watch / observe


People, who learn well by observing, like to, for example,  watch photos on www.instagram.com,  watch videos on www.youtube.com.

http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/


Learning strategy # 3 Read


What do you like to read?  A newspaper app?  Blogs you subscribe to?  Postings from people you follow on www.linkedin.com?  Tweets from people you follow on www.twitter.com? https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills


Instead of saying to yourself that you want to “read more” or “learn new things”, be much more specific. Example “Spend 2 hours every Thursday afternoon reading all the articles I saved during the week.” https://hbr.org/2016/01/how-to-make-learning-more-automatic


Learning strategy # 4 Write


Formal education

Informal education

Deliberate education

Unexpected education

Prepare, watch, listen to presentations

Search for information on the internet

Write about and discuss topics

Chat with people


Further inspiration http://www.slideshare.net/frankcalberg/11-advantages-of-using-a-blog-for-teaching


Learning strategy # 5 Listen


Sense. Feel.

Listen. Observe.

Try things out. Do things.

Think. Reflect. Adapted from Kolb.


Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Listening-tips-1485898


Learning strategy # 6 Try things out


Sense. Feel.

Try things out. Do things. Practice.

Listen. Observe.

Think. Reflect. Adapted from Kolb.


Kolb showed that adults can’t learn merely by listening to instructions. They must also absorb the new information, use it experimentally, and integrate it with their existing knowledge.

https://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/Organization/Change_Management/The_psychology_of_change_management_1316


If you practice a slightly modified version of a task you want to master, you actually learn more and faster than if you just keep practicing the exact same thing multiple times in a row. Example If you want to get better at writing / blogging, try to use different blogging software, for example www.blogger.com, www.wordpress.com, and www.medium.com https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/


Some learn best by looking at graphics or reading. Others would rather watch demonstrations or listen to things being explained. Others need a “hands-on� experience. https://hbr.org/2012/11/how-to-master-a-new-skill.html


Further inspiration http://www.businessballs.com/kolblearningstyles.htm http://catl.typepad.com/student_learning/2009/08/when-students-learn-or-dont-learn-from-active-learning-experiences.html http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.ch/2012/06/recycling-kolb.html


Learning strategy # 7 Talk


To learn well, some people like to talk about their thoughts and / or about material they have studied.

http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/


The best way to learn is to teach.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/11/opinion/sunday/why-we-should-stop-grading-students-on-a-curve.html


Further inspiration

https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Hello-speaker-how-will-you-prepare-1449028


Learning strategy # 8 Ask for feedback


https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-do-we-receive-feedback-2367203


Learning strategy # 9 Follow a structure or follow no structure


Student A

Student B

Needs structure, for example Wants to do things in his /  specific directions, her own way.  a series of steps,  a specific order to follow.

http://prezi.com/flzebtpl3lpj/the-12-ways-of-learning/ http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22.


Example of structure: A series of steps.

Step # 1 Define the problem. Step # 2 Identify criteria. Step # 3 Gather and evaluate data. Step # 4 List and evaluate alternatives. Step # 5 Select the best alternative.

http://www.strategy-business.com/article/10405?pg=all

Step # 6 Implement and follow up.


High accountability

Initiatives organized and led by students Low creativity

High creativity

Low accountability http://www.joebower.org/2010/06/relationship-between-accountability-and.html


Learning strategy # 10 Learn individually or learn with others


Student A Prefers to mostly learn individually.

Student B Prefers to mostly learn with other people.

http://sxills.nl/lerenlerennu/bronnen/Learning%20styles%20by%20Coffield%20e.a..pdf p. 22.


Individual

Tacit

Collective

Social practice Learn together. Share knowledge.

Explicit

http://ridwanattaufiq.wordpress.com/2012/04/24/theorizing-knowledge-in-organization-2/


The clearer you are about what you want to learn, and the types of people you want to learn from, the more likely you are to find the right community for you.

https://hbr.org/2016/08/using-social-media-to-build-professional-skills


http://www.imagebase.net/People/p4241788


Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge

Socialize

Externalize

Share knowledge.

Make and communicate presentations, concepts, models, diagrams, sketches.

Internalize

Combine

Try out things. Test. Experiment. Learn and acquire new knowledge.

Create connections among knowledge, for example by editing and systemizing knowledge.

Explicit knowledge

Explicit knowledge

Adapted from Nonaka and Takeuchi.

Explicit knowledge

Explicit knowledge


Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/What-do-teachers-do-2178430


Learning strategy # 11 Mix up your routine


Try using a different device / tool when you work tomorrow. Also, try sitting / standing somewhere else than you normally do.

Adapted from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/02/12/how-to-learn-new-skills-twice-as-fast/


Learning strategy # 12 Think / reflect


To get the most out of learning experiences, reflect on them immediately following an activity. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2414478


What have you learned from the experience?

https://hbr.org/2015/12/4-ways-to-become-a-better-learner


What were the reasons for that mistake you made along the way?

https://hbr.org/2016/03/dont-let-your-mistakes-go-to-waste


What could you have done better?

https://hbr.org/2015/06/improve-your-ability-to-learn


http://www.imagebase.net/People/thinking


Research participants who did an arithmetic brain-teaser and then reflected on their strategies for solving it went on to do 18% better in a second round than their peers who hadn’t set aside time to reflect. https://hbr.org/2014/04/to-enhance-your-learning-take-a-few-minutes-to-think-about-what-youve-learned/


Learning strategy # 13 Laugh – for example at yourself


When we laugh, we relax. As anxiety decreases, our capacity to retain information expands.

https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning


The heightened emotion that humour evokes doesn't just make it easier for us to hit upon insights we otherwise wouldn’t - it also helps us remember them.

https://www.fastcompany.com/3059651/the-surprising-link-between-laughter-and-learning


Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/How-can-we-manage-our-emotions-1678947


Learning strategy # 14 Discover your values


If learning is to persist, managers and employees need to also reflect on their own behaviour.

http://hbr.org/1991/05/teaching-smart-people-how-to-learn/ar/1


Values

Behaviour

Single-loop learning

Double-loop learning: Ask why. Adapted from Chris Argyris.

Results


Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Questions-to-discover-your-values-1329394


Learning strategy # 15 Create the right learning environments


https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Learning-environments-2902222

Learning strategies  

15 learning strategies. How do you like to learn?

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