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Learning strategies

Learning strategy # 1 Recognize that old knowledge is irrelevant

One good reason to dive head first into self-initiated learning is that much of what you were taught is already obsolete.

Example Recognize that people want to more than only consumers / buyers. In other words, recognize that people would like to be involved, to help out, to co-create.

Learning strategy # 2 Watch / observe

People, who learn well by observing, like to, for example,  watch photos on,  watch videos on

Learning strategy # 3 Read

What do you like to read?  A newspaper app?  Blogs you subscribe to?  Postings from people you follow on  Tweets from people you follow on

Instead of saying to yourself that you want to “read more” or “learn new things”, be much more specific. Example “Spend 2 hours every Thursday afternoon reading all the articles I saved during the week.”

Learning strategy # 4 Write

Formal education

Informal education

Deliberate education

Unexpected education

Prepare, watch, listen to presentations

Search for information on the internet

Write about and discuss topics

Chat with people

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 5 Listen

Sense. Feel.

Listen. Observe.

Try things out. Do things.

Think. Reflect. Adapted from Kolb.

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 6 Try things out

Sense. Feel.

Try things out. Do things. Practice.

Listen. Observe.

Think. Reflect. Adapted from Kolb.

Kolb showed that adults can’t learn merely by listening to instructions. They must also absorb the new information, use it experimentally, and integrate it with their existing knowledge.

If you practice a slightly modified version of a task you want to master, you actually learn more and faster than if you just keep practicing the exact same thing multiple times in a row. Example If you want to get better at writing / blogging, try to use different blogging software, for example,, and

Some learn best by looking at graphics or reading. Others would rather watch demonstrations or listen to things being explained. Others need a “hands-on� experience.

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 7 Talk

To learn well, some people like to talk about their thoughts and / or about material they have studied.

The best way to learn is to teach.

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 8 Ask for feedback

Learning strategy # 9 Follow a structure or follow no structure

Student A

Student B

Needs structure, for example Wants to do things in his /  specific directions, her own way.  a series of steps,  a specific order to follow. p. 22.

Example of structure: A series of steps.

Step # 1 Define the problem. Step # 2 Identify criteria. Step # 3 Gather and evaluate data. Step # 4 List and evaluate alternatives. Step # 5 Select the best alternative.

Step # 6 Implement and follow up.

High accountability

Initiatives organized and led by students Low creativity

High creativity

Low accountability

Learning strategy # 10 Learn individually or learn with others

Student A Prefers to mostly learn individually.

Student B Prefers to mostly learn with other people. p. 22.




Social practice Learn together. Share knowledge.


The clearer you are about what you want to learn, and the types of people you want to learn from, the more likely you are to find the right community for you.

Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge

Tacit knowledge



Share knowledge.

Make and communicate presentations, concepts, models, diagrams, sketches.



Try out things. Test. Experiment. Learn and acquire new knowledge.

Create connections among knowledge, for example by editing and systemizing knowledge.

Explicit knowledge

Explicit knowledge

Adapted from Nonaka and Takeuchi.

Explicit knowledge

Explicit knowledge

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 11 Mix up your routine

Try using a different device / tool when you work tomorrow. Also, try sitting / standing somewhere else than you normally do.

Adapted from

Learning strategy # 12 Think / reflect

To get the most out of learning experiences, reflect on them immediately following an activity.

What have you learned from the experience?

What were the reasons for that mistake you made along the way?

What could you have done better?

Research participants who did an arithmetic brain-teaser and then reflected on their strategies for solving it went on to do 18% better in a second round than their peers who hadn’t set aside time to reflect.

Learning strategy # 13 Laugh – for example at yourself

When we laugh, we relax. As anxiety decreases, our capacity to retain information expands.

The heightened emotion that humour evokes doesn't just make it easier for us to hit upon insights we otherwise wouldn’t - it also helps us remember them.

Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 14 Discover your values

If learning is to persist, managers and employees need to also reflect on their own behaviour.



Single-loop learning

Double-loop learning: Ask why. Adapted from Chris Argyris.


Further inspiration

Learning strategy # 15 Create the right learning environments

Profile for Frank Calberg

Learning strategies  

15 learning strategies. How do you like to learn?

Learning strategies  

15 learning strategies. How do you like to learn?