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Part # 1 People living in Ghana

Ghana 26 million people

Switzerland 8 million people

1.3 million

6.15 million

Life expectancy

66 years

82 years

GDP per capita

USD 3,500

USD 55,000

Population Internet users



United Kingdom

The population of Ghana is growing


Official language


Major foreign languages French and Hausa. Ghanian dialects

56 Ghanaian dialects of which Akwapim Twi, Asante Twi, Fante, Dangbe, Ewe, Kasem, Gonja, Dagare, Ga Dagbani and Nzema are the major languages.

Ghana culture

There are few women in the Ghana parliament

Most of these issues are morally unacceptable in Ghana

Many people in Ghana – and Africa in general – are religious

Part # 2 Economy of Ghana

Natural resources



Gold Cocoa Bauxite

Manganese Limestone

Natural resources in Ghana

Rubber Fish





Gold and cocoa account for 2/3 of exports.


Country size and arable land Ghana 238,000 km2 18% is arable land

Switzerland 41,000 km2 10% is arable land


Agriculture accounts for about 35% of GDP and employs about 55% of the work force - mainly small landholders.

About 50% of the population in Ghana lack adequate water supplies. 70% of all illnesses in Ghana are related to waterborne contaminants. Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 176.

Harvard University and MIT provide lending support to establish an agribusiness training center at the Afram Plains on the shoreline of the Lake Volta in Ghana.

The agribusiness knowledge center will facilitate research and industry training of farmers as entrepreneurs as well as assist the innovation in sustainable economic, environmental and social impact designs.

24% of the total cocoa harvest 2010 / 2011 was in Ghana

Energy and transportation

Road transport accounts for 96% of passenger and freight traffic in Ghana. Buses account for 60% and taxis for 15% of passenger movement. The remaining 25% is accounted for by private cars.

The Adome bridge crosses the Volta river

The 1,000 km. railway network in Ghana has improvement potential

Most of Ghana’s chief export, cacao, is shipped from Tema, the busiest port in Ghana.

The Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) is responsible for the distribution of electricity within all but northern Ghana. The Volta River Authority (VRA) is, through its distribution agency “the Northern Electricity Department (NED)� the sole distributor of electricity in the Brong-Ahafo, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, and parts of Ashanti and Volta Regions of Ghana.


Vodafone Purchased 70% of formerly state-owned Ghana Telecom in 2008. MTN Market leader in Ghana as in the rest of Africa. Bharti Airtel Took over mobile operations from Zain in Africa. Millicom Emerging markets telecoms specialist. Operates as Tigo. Globacom From Nigeria. Sources


Few households in Ghana have access to financial services


The 5 most problematic factors for doing business in Ghana


The need for education in Ghana is relatively large. About Âź of the people over 15 years of age living in Ghana cannot read and write.


Ghana was the first country to roll out pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines at the same time.

Supermarkets and open-air markets

LizMart in Ashanti is owned by Albert Quagrine.

Shoprite has stores in Accra and Tema.


Open-air markets still dominate the food retail system in Ghana and are preferred by non college-educated households.

3 examples of open-air markets  Techiman’s food market.  Market circle in Takoradi.  Makola market outside Accra.

Part # 3 Political aspects

After more than 50 years of colonisation by Britain, Ghana achieved independence on March 6th, 1957, becoming the first African country to free itself from a colonial power.

Democracy around the world

Democracy in Ghana

Green = free Purple = Not free

Free press in Ghana


Degree of corruption in Ghana


Ghana is a relatively peaceful country

Further inspiration


Part # 1: People living in Ghana. Part # 2: Economy of Ghana. Part # 3: Political aspects in Ghana.