Page 1

Ghana


Part # 1 People living in Ghana


Ghana 26 million people

Switzerland 8 million people

1.3 million

6.15 million

Life expectancy

66 years

82 years

GDP per capita

USD 3,500

USD 55,000

Population Internet users

Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html


Ghana http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052970204528204577009922309104512

United Kingdom

The population of Ghana is growing

Germany


Official language

English.

Major foreign languages French and Hausa. Ghanian dialects

56 Ghanaian dialects of which Akwapim Twi, Asante Twi, Fante, Dangbe, Ewe, Kasem, Gonja, Dagare, Ga Dagbani and Nzema are the major languages.

http://www.proudlyafrican.info/Ghana/Top-Sustainable-Companies-in-Best-of-Ghana.aspx


http://geert-hofstede.com/ghana.html

Ghana culture


There are few women in the Ghana parliament

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GenderGap_Report_2013.pdf


Most of these issues are morally unacceptable in Ghana

http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/04/15/global-morality/country/ghana/


Many people in Ghana – and Africa in general – are religious

http://www.gallup.com/poll/114211/Alabamians-Iranians-Common.aspx


Part # 2 Economy of Ghana


Natural resources


Silver

Diamonds

Gold Cocoa Bauxite

Manganese Limestone

Natural resources in Ghana

Rubber Fish

Timber

Hydropower

Oil

Salt

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html


Gold and cocoa account for 2/3 of exports.

http://media.ft.com/cms/e70a60ce-dee3-11de-adff-00144feab49a.pdf


Agriculture


Country size and arable land Ghana 238,000 km2 18% is arable land

Switzerland 41,000 km2 10% is arable land

Sources https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sz.html


Agriculture accounts for about 35% of GDP and employs about 55% of the work force - mainly small landholders.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html


About 50% of the population in Ghana lack adequate water supplies. 70% of all illnesses in Ghana are related to waterborne contaminants. Mahajan, Vijay: Africa Rising, p. 176.


Harvard University and MIT provide lending support to establish an agribusiness training center at the Afram Plains on the shoreline of the Lake Volta in Ghana.

The agribusiness knowledge center will facilitate research and industry training of farmers as entrepreneurs as well as assist the innovation in sustainable economic, environmental and social impact designs. http://www.ventures-africa.com/2013/03/harvard-university-mit-to-support-agribusiness-training-centre-setup-in-ghana/


24% of the total cocoa harvest 2010 / 2011 was in Ghana

http://www.chocosuisse.ch/web/chocosuisse/en/documentation/facts_figures.html


Energy and transportation


Road transport accounts for 96% of passenger and freight traffic in Ghana. Buses account for 60% and taxis for 15% of passenger movement. The remaining 25% is accounted for by private cars. http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/why-ghana/infrastructure/transportation-infrastructure.html


The Adome bridge crosses the Volta river

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Ghana


The 1,000 km. railway network in Ghana has improvement potential

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_in_Ghana http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/why-ghana/infrastructure/transportation-infrastructure.html


Most of Ghana’s chief export, cacao, is shipped from Tema, the busiest port in Ghana.

http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/geography/tema.php


The Electricity Company of Ghana (ECG) is responsible for the distribution of electricity within all but northern Ghana. The Volta River Authority (VRA) is, through its distribution agency “the Northern Electricity Department (NED)� the sole distributor of electricity in the Brong-Ahafo, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, and parts of Ashanti and Volta Regions of Ghana. http://www.gipcghana.com/invest-in-ghana/doing-business-in-ghana/cost-of-doing-business/utilities.html


Telecommuniations


Vodafone Purchased 70% of formerly state-owned Ghana Telecom in 2008. MTN Market leader in Ghana as in the rest of Africa. Bharti Airtel Took over mobile operations from Zain in Africa. Millicom Emerging markets telecoms specialist. Operates as Tigo. Globacom From Nigeria. Sources http://media.ft.com/cms/e70a60ce-dee3-11de-adff-00144feab49a.pdf http://www.balancingact-africa.com/news/en/issue-no-263/telecoms/two-of-ghana-s-mobile-operators-set-to-offer-gprs-and-kasapa-launcheshttp://www.theghanaianjournal.com/2010/07/05/bharti-airtel-to-pump-200-million-into-zain-operations/


Finance


Few households in Ghana have access to financial services

Ghana http://www.weforum.org/pdf/AFCR09/AFCR09_full_report.pdf


The 5 most problematic factors for doing business in Ghana

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Africa_Competitiveness_Report_2013.pdf


Education


The need for education in Ghana is relatively large. About Âź of the people over 15 years of age living in Ghana cannot read and write.

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2103.html


Health


Ghana was the first country to roll out pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines at the same time.

http://www.one.org/us/2014/04/23/world-immunization-week-joan-awunyo-akaba-the-ghanaian-voice-no-one-could-stifle/


Supermarkets and open-air markets


https://www.facebook.com/AccraMallLimited/


LizMart in Ashanti is owned by Albert Quagrine.

http://www.modernghana.com/news/32739/1/obuasi-hosts-ashantis-biggest-supermarket.html


Shoprite has stores in Accra and Tema.

Sources http://www.shoprite.co.za/Pages/Ghana.aspx https://www.msu.edu/course/aec/841/Discussion/DPR_Weatherspoon-Reardon-Rise_African_Supermarkets.pdf


Open-air markets still dominate the food retail system in Ghana and are preferred by non college-educated households.

http://www.ifama.org/files/IFAMR/Vol%2017/(7)%20Meng_20130041.pdf


3 examples of open-air markets  Techiman’s food market.  Market circle in Takoradi.  Makola market outside Accra.

http://www.ifama.org/files/IFAMR/Vol%2017/(7)%20Meng_20130041.pdf


Part # 3 Political aspects


After more than 50 years of colonisation by Britain, Ghana achieved independence on March 6th, 1957, becoming the first African country to free itself from a colonial power.

http://www.cet.uct.ac.za/files/file/ghana.pdf


http://www.eiu.com/index.asp?layout=infographics&info_name=infographic_democracy

Democracy around the world

Democracy in Ghana


Green = free Purple = Not free

Free press in Ghana

Ghana http://www.freedomhouse.org/report-types/freedom-press


Degree of corruption in Ghana

Ghana http://www.transparency.org/cpi


Ghana is a relatively peaceful country

http://www.visionofhumanity.org/


Further inspiration

https://twitter.com/ghanadecides https://twitter.com/JDMahama https://twitter.com/KBAmissahArthur


Ghana  

Part # 1: People living in Ghana. Part # 2: Economy of Ghana. Part # 3: Political aspects in Ghana.

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