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Economic changes


Part # 1 Changes in gross domestic product


http://www.ted.com/talks/andrew_mcafee_are_droids_taking_our_jobs.html minute 2.


Real annual GDP growth rate

https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/5498252/Global+Economic+Outlook+2015-2020-Beyond+the+New+Mediocre.pdf/5c5c8945-00cc-4a4f-a04f-adef094e90b8


Asian and South American markets are among the 2020 growth markets

https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/5498252/Global+Economic+Outlook+2015-2020--Beyond+the+New+Mediocre.pdf/5c5c8945-00cc-4a4f-a04f-adef094e90b8


Further inspiration https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/China-1491238 https://www.teacherspayteachers.com/Product/Poland-1870224


Part # 2 Changes in stock market index


Dow Jones industrial average

https://www.google.com/finance?q=INDEXDJX:.DJI


http://finance.yahoo.com/echarts?s=%5EIXIC+Interactive#symbol=%5EIXIC;range=my

NASDAQ Composite


Ibovespa Brazil

http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/IBOV:IND


FTSE 100

https://www.google.com/finance?q=INDEXFTSE:UKX


http://indexes.nikkei.co.jp/en/nkave/index/profile

NIKKEI 225


Hong Kong Hang Seng Index HSI:IND

http://www.bloomberg.com/quote/HSI:IND


Part # 3 Changes in interest rates


Long-term interest rates

http://media.swissre.com/documents/sigma_3_12_en.pdf


Part # 4 Changes in food prices


Food price index

http://www.thegatesnotes.com/Personal/2012-Annual-Letter


The poorer the country, the larger percentage of expenditure is spent on food

http://www.thegatesnotes.com/Personal/2012-Annual-Letter


Part # 5 Changes in commodity prices


Commodity prices

http://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 25.


In the 20th century, average commodity prices declined almost 50%

ttp://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 22.


In the first decade of the 21st century, commodity prices increased sharply

http://www.mckinsey.com/Insights/Energy_Resources_Materials/Resource_revolution p. 30.


The oil price is partly determined by actual supply and demand, and partly by expectation. Demand for energy is closely related to economic activity. It also spikes in the

winter in the northern hemisphere, and during summers in countries which use air conditioning. Supply can be affected by weather (which prevents tankers loading) and by geopolitical upsets. If producers think the price is staying high, they invest, which after a lag boosts supply. Similarly, low prices lead to an investment drought. OPEC’s decisions shape expectations: if it curbs supply sharply, it can send prices spiking. Saudi Arabia produces nearly 10m barrels a day - a third of the OPEC total. http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2014/12/economist-explains-4


Part # 6 Changes in government debt


http://reports.weforum.org/global-risks-2011/#fig-4-21

Average government debt ratios in G7 economies


Part # 7 Changes in work people do


The percentage of people working in service sector in the USA is increasing

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/01/20/business/the-iphone-economy.html


Survey shows that for every job that the Internet destroys, 2.6 new jobs are created.

http://www.mckinsey.com/mgi/publications/great_transformer/pdfs/McKinsey_the_great_transformer.pdf


Youth unemployment in Europe is alarming.

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalRisks_Report_2014.pdf


Part # 8 Changes in wages


Minimum hourly wages – selected economies Country Uganda China Russia Turkey USA UK France Australia

Minimum hourly wages USD 0.12 per hour USD 0.67 per hour USD 0.91 per hour USD 3.38 per hour USD 7.25 per hour USD 9.98 per hour USD 13.10 per hour USD 16.45 per hour

Sources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_minimum_wages_by_country http://www.strategy-business.com/enews/enewsarticle/enews072909?pg=all http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/09/business/global/wary-of-events-in-china-foreign-investors-head-to-cambodia.html


Part # 9 Changes in savings


Savings in % of household disposable income Country China Japan Europe USA

http://youtu.be/OugorkKkxXM

Savings rate 50% 25% 20% -0.6%


As countries grow wealthier, their household saving rates decline

Source Development from 1960 to 2008. http://www.mckinseyquarterly.com/files/article/PDF/EMC_decathlon.pdf p. 160.


Part # 10 Changes in inflation


Core consumer prices, % increase on a year earlier http://www.economist.com/node/18070386

Economic changes  
Economic changes  

Part # 1: Changes in gross domestic product. Part # 2: Changes in stock market index. Part # 3: Changes in interest rates. Part # 4: Changes...

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