is it a grain? is it a vegetable?
a trip of a lifetime Clayton Robins a Nuffield scholar » PaGe 13
No, it’s Super Food » PaGes 18-19, 23
january 3. 2013
SERVING MANITOBA FARMERS SINCE 1925 | Vol. 71, No. 1
Let the good times roll
Soybeans hot, flax is not for 2013
Farmers are crediting high prices, good deliveries to an open wheat market
But will warmerthan-usual conditions continue? By Allan Dawson co-operator staff /brandon
xpect to see a lot more soybeans and corn planted in Manitoba next spring and a lot less flax and barley, seed growers said during their annual “what’s hot, what’s not” session last month. Hard red spring and general purpose wheat are expected to be popular too, growers told the Manitoba Seed Grower Association’s annual meeting Dec. 6. “On the cold side we consider flax and barley to be almost dying out,” said Wawanesa seed grower Warren Ellis. “Barley again for the third year in a row had poor yields and poor performance in different weather and growing conditions. Flax, of course the lack of markets is definitely going to affect the uptake by the customer base and in general a lack of price movement in oats is just not appealing to farmers at this point so there’s not much activity.” See SOYBEANS HOT on page 7 »
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Sperling farmer Ron Hiebert had high hopes for the open market and so far, it is exceeding his expectations. Photo: Laura Rance
Some scoffed when Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz said farmers wouldn’t have to start their trucks in winter because in an open market they could deliver all their wheat in fall. Not Norm Mabon
By Allan Dawson co-operator staff
he Notre Dame de Lourdes farmer did just as Ritz forecast. “One hundred per cent of my wheat was sold and gone and the money in my pocket by the end of September,” Mabon said in a pre-Christmas interview from his second home in Arizona. And he got a great price — $9.25 a bushel for No. 2. Canada Western Red Spring wheat, 13 per cent protein. “It’s the best thing that ever happened in my life,” he says
enthusiastically of the open market. “This makes life great.” Most farmers haven’t delivered all their wheat, but the point, according to open-market supporters, is they could have if they had wanted to. “I just love it,” says Sperling farmer Ron Hiebert. “It’s just the best thing for farming. It’s something that we should’ve had years ago because it’s our wheat and we should be able to sell it to whoever we want and right now we can.” Better prices
Hiebert is convinced prices are better than they would be if the
Canadian Wheat Board still had a monopoly on wheat destined for export of domestic human consumption. He’s planning to quadruple wheat plantings to between 4,000 and 5,000 next spring. “Things are happening the way I expected, but better,” Hiebert says. The proof isn’t that wheat prices are up from a year ago. Drought in the United States is a big factor there. The proof, according to Hiebert, is that wheat prices at elevators on either side of the Canada-U.S. See GOOD TIMES on page 6 »
CAPPED: RAILWAYS EXCEED THE REVENUE LID » PAGE 3
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
on the lighter side
Insects touted as solution to protein needs
Getting on board Cattle producers join global sustainability movement
CROPS The phosphorus balance Cereal crops can help feed canola and soybeans
FEATURE Covering your butt A lawyer’s advice on the cold realities of legal liability
CROSSROADS To all a good night
4 5 9 10
Editorials Comments What’s Up Livestock Markets
Workshops aim to improve sleep habits
Grain Markets Classifieds Sudoku Weather Vane
11 27 30 32
Beetle larvae protein is better than milk, chicken, pork or beef
cientists in the Netherlands say they’ve found that insect protein may be a more sustainable alternative to milk, chicken, pork and beef. Beetle larvae (called mealworms) farms produce more edible protein than traditional farms for chicken, pork, beef or milk, for the same amount of land used, Dennis Oonincx and colleagues from the University of Wageningen say in the journal PLOS ONE. T h e re s e a rc h e r s c o m pared the environmental impact of meat production on a mealworm farm to traditional animal farms using three parameters — land use, energy needs, and greenhouse gas emissions. From the start of the process to the point that the meat left the farm, they found that mealworms scored better than the other foods. Per unit of edible protein produced, mealworm farms required less land and similar amounts of energy. Previous work by the same team showed that meal-
worms also produce less greenhouse gases than other animals grown for meat. In this new study, the researchers elaborate on the sustainability of insect proteins as a food by showing that growing mealworms for animal protein requires less land and generates fewer greenhouse gas emissions than chicken, pork, beef or milk.
“Since the population of our planet keeps growing, and the amount of land on this earth is limited, a more efficient, and more sustainable system of food production is needed,” Oonincx said. “Now, for the first time it has been shown that mealworms, and possibly other edible insects, can aid in achieving such a system.”
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Railway revenues rekindle costing review calls But some fear that could backfire on farmers, resulting in higher grain-shipping costs By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF
anada’s two major railways once again tipped over the statutory cap revenues for shipping grain during the 201112 crop year — costing farmers an extra two cents per tonne. “It underscores again the need for a costing review to parallel the (rail) service review,” Bladworth Sask., farmer and agricultural economist Ian McCreary said in an interview. For the first time last crop year, Canadian National (CN) and Canadian Pacific railways (CPR) were allowed to collectively earn more than $1 billion shipping western grain — $542.5 million for CN and $494 million for CP. However, CN and CP exceeded the cap by $240,185 and $400,132, respectively. The overage of just 0.1 per cent cost farmers, on average, an extra two cents a tonne. Under the Canadian Transportation Act the railways must remit excess revenues, plus a five per cent penalty to the Western Grains Research Foundation, which benefits farmers through research. CN and CP have until Jan. 30 to pay the foundation $212,194 and $420,138, respectively. The revenue cap, established in 2000, is a form of “economic regulation” that gives the railways flexibility in setting rates while protecting farmers from overcharging. The cap is adjusted for volume so there’s no limit on how much grain the railways can move. It’s also adjusted for inflation reflecting increases in expenses such as fuel. In 2011-12 the railways moved 33.1 million tonnes of Western grain, up 6.2 per cent from the previous crop year, the CTA said in a release. The average length of haul was 952 miles, down 13 miles, or 1.3 per cent. The move to fewer, but fasterloading, high-throughput elevators and hauling more cars per train, has made the railways more efficient, McCreary said. Still, the average cost of grain shipping in 2011-12 was $31.36 a tonne, versus $25.85 in 2000-01. “You’ve seen the rate structure go up by almost 18 per cent (when adjusted for hauling distance) in that decade for the two railways and farmers have received none of the efficiency savings,” McCreary said. Two years ago a study conducted by Travecon Research for the Canadian Wheat Board and a number of farm groups concluded farmers were paying $100 million a year, or $6.97 a tonne, too much for grain shipping. If the government won’t review rail costs, it needs to create competition between the rail-
ways, McCreary said. One way is to allow competing railways to operate on the tracks owned by CN and CP. Last month the Canadian Federation of Agriculture and National Farmers Union renewed their calls to review railway costs after the government unveiled its railway service legislation. The Western Canadian Wheat Growers Association also supports a review, said the association’s policy manager Blair Rutter. “We want to ensure farmers are paying freight rates that would be in line with what we would see in a competitive market,” he said. Keystone Agricultural Producers’ (KAP) president Doug Chorney said while KAP supports a review, he’s concerned a costing review could result in higher rail freight costs for farmers. The railways already make more money shipping other commodities than grain, he added. “We better make sure we know what we’re asking for in a very defined way before we see government open this door for us,” he said. “We all know in the commercial world businesses will do the business that’s most profitable first.” Western grain earns CN the least of all the commodities it hauls, confirmed CN spokeswoman Emily Hamer. “Any regulatory reduction in our freight rates could jeopardize our ability for continued investment... in the supply chain for Western Canada,” she said in an interview. “Freight rates for grain transport (in Canada) are among the most competitive in the world.” T h e W C W G A a l s o w o rries about projections that Saskatchewan potash exports could quadruple in six years cutting into railway capacity. With increased grain processing in the West and more access to American railways, rail transportation might become more competitive over time eliminating the need for a revenue cap. But in the meantime, it needs to be reviewed periodically to be sure farmers aren’t overpaying, Rutter said. It’s akin to the Public Utilities Board assessing Hydro rates, he said. The Grain Growers of Canada is focused on service. “Our position right from the start has been no costing review until such time as we get the service review done,” said executive director Richard Phillips. CPR spokesman Ed Greenberg said he couldn’t comment on a costing review. Much of CPR’s grain earnings are reinvested to improve grain service, he said. email@example.com
RAILWAY REVENUE CAPS COMPARED TO ACTUAL REVENUE FROM SHIPPING GRAIN DURING THE 2010-11 CROP YEAR Miles Hauled
Average Rev Cap
Per tonne CN
Source: Canadian Transportation Agency, necessary calculations
John Morriss awarded Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal The veteran journalist is known for insightful, intelligent commentary By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF
eteran farm journalist John Morriss has been awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal for his contribution to Canada’s agricultural industry. Morriss, who began his journalism career in 1975 with Grainews, is associate publisher and editorial director of Farm Business Co m m u n i c a t i o n s, w h i c h publishes the Manitoba Co-operator as well as other respected journals including Grainews, Country Guide and Canadian Cattlemen. T h e G ra i n G r ow e r s o f Canada (GGC) nominated Mo r r i s s f o r t h e h o n o u r commemorating Queen Elizabeth’s 60-year reign. GGC director and Morrisarea farmer Art Enns presented the medal to Morriss Dec. 17 during a Manitoba Farm Writers’ and Broadcasters’ (MFWBA) event in Winnipeg. “Your accomplishments are many,” Enns said of Morriss, who has also been active in the Manitoba Farm Writers’, Canadian Federation of Farm Writers’ and Farm Radio International. Not everyone agrees with Morriss’s editorials, but farmers respect his opinion, Enns said. Morriss joined the Canadian Wheat Board in
FBC associate publisher and editorial director John Morriss (l) was presented with the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal by Art Enns of the Grain Growers of Canada Dec. 17, 2012 in Winnipeg. The Grain Growers nominated Morriss for the honour. PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON
1977 as an information officer and later became director of information. In 1989 he was named publisher and editor of the Manitoba Co-operator, a position he held until 2002 when Morriss and five other employees were fired following a change in the paper’s ownership. They, along with a seventh partner, founded Farmers’ Independent Weekly later that year. It merged with the Co-operator in 2007. In 1996 Morriss won the Ca n a d i a n Fa r m Wr i t e r s’ Federation Gold Award for
best feature for a series on food aid projects in Ethiopia and Eritrea. In 2006 the Canadian AgriMarketing Association named him Agri-Marketer of the year. “You’re the senior statesman of Manitoba agricultural journalism and you’re known for even-handed and intelligent and insightful commentary,” said Crystal Jorgenson, communications specialist for the University of Manitoba’s faculty of agriculture and food sciences. firstname.lastname@example.org
February 25 & 26, 2013 The Fairmont Winnipeg
Grainworld, the annual Canadian ag outlook conference, is returning to Winnipeg • Base you spring planting decisions on good information on the markets for the crops we grow on the prairies. • Outlooks for each of our various crops are given by traders in that commodity. • The right planting mix will benefit you as well as the entire industry.
For the agenda, and to register online: www.wildoatsgrainworld.com or call 1-204-942-1459
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
More New Year ad-verse-ity Yes, that time again, it’s become a tradition To editorialize in verse in the year’s first edition We review the year past, then with great perspicacity Predict the next year’s events with remarkable accuracy Well, most of the time, because I have to confess That the advice I gave last year was not John Morriss quite the best Editorial Director So far I’ve always been right when I’ve said you could do worse Than when a politician gives you advice, to do the reverse Last year around now, as I’m sure you’ll recall Ritz said, “No more CWB monopoly; seed wheat wall to wall” So based on past experiences, and you’ll agree there’ve been many I said the best advice for wheat acres was not to plant any The minister was right, though maybe not for the right reason Wheat was a pretty good choice as it turned out last season Because when things get a bit dry, as they do often enough Wheat shows what it can do when times are a bit tough While canola, without cool weather and regular showers Lives up to its image of being a delicate flower If you don’t baby it along with costly sprays what you sees is That canola is like candy for various pests and diseases Lygus, sclerotinia, diamondback and bertha can all cause a disaster Then last year there were some kind of yellows named aster Aphids, moths, aphids, flea beetles and weevils Clubroot, maggots, cutworms, plus various more evils To me the Guide to Canola Production reads like the plot Of a Shakespearean play with some witches stirring a pot If you don’t get your rotations in shape there’s more trouble in store Maybe you should listen to the experts, who say one year in four That’s easier now; once when you took an August drive out of town The crops in Manitoba had pretty much all turned yellow or brown But last year it seemed that every second field you were seein’ Had remained nice and lush, a brilliant colour of green Who’d have thunk we’d have soybeans to add to our rotation And it would become the third-largest crop in this part of the nation? I seem to recall, and not back so many years When we had a grain surplus; corn coming out of our ears The way to keep prices out of the tank and farmers out of the red? Just that — put the grain in the tank, and make alcohol instead So they did; I’m not saying whether it’s for good or for harm But whatever; the point is the idea worked like a charm Now that it has and prices are back in the black There’s much wringing of hands that things are off track That depends; if you grow grain things are tracking quite nicely But if you have to feed livestock then things are more dicey Back when grain farmer and feeder were one and the same These things came out in the wash without so much pain Now that the two sectors have become quite distinct One can only make money when the other drowns in red ink This trickle of a dilemma has so far not become a Niagara Because of government programs that all start with AgriNo longer I fear; the provinces and feds with a certain agility Have pretty much pulled out the plug on AgriStability The message is clear, I think the governments are showin’ That from now on farmers will be pretty much on their own So keep that in mind for your future protection If you’re tempted to pay too much for that next quarter section Though maybe this time it’s different, no end to high prices in store Just like it was different this time five or six times before If you’re one of those farmers who are runnin’ some dogies You could celebrate last year, and light up a few stogies After a long stretch starting with BSE there’s been so much grief But the past couple of years have brought some relief Except for a hiccup or two such as the one this past fall Like the fiasco with the Brooks XL beef E. coli recall To say who’s at fault I don’t have the abilities But should almost all of our beef come through just two facilities? Call me a dreamer, or maybe in the past I’m just stuck Wanting to buy Manitoba beef that isn’t back from Alberta by truck Enough of being stuck in the past, I’m sure the main reason You’re still reading is to know what’s best to plant for next season Should cereals, oilseeds or pulses be part of this year’s crop picture? Definitely — just be sure that you choose the right mixture When to sell? My advice is, and you can be sure it’s unbiased Is that the best time to sell is when the prices are highest For similar advice market analysts always charge a big fee But if you read the first Co-operator of the year we give it for free That’s it for now, for better or worse We’ve run out of space to squeeze in bad verse So please accept our best wishes from all of us here For good crops and good prices, and a Happy New Year! email@example.com
Apply what we already know works Small farmers will help feed the world By Kanayo F. Nwanze
he drought-prone South Gansu province of China suffers from limited water and severe soil erosion. It is not a hospitable environment for food production. Yet, despite these harsh conditions, farmers are producing and selling more food. They are feeding themselves and their families. And their incomes are steadily rising. In degraded areas of Burkina Faso, smallholders are using simple water-harvesting methods such as planting pits and permeable rock dams to restore land. They are growing crops on land that was once unproductive. With the world population expected to reach 7.7 billion by 2022, there will be no shortage of demand for food. Our challenge is to make sure small and medium-size farms get the support they need to help meet that demand. There are some 500 million smallholder farms around the world, supporting more than two billion people. Today, too many developing-country small farmers are poor — cut off from the markets, the services and the financing that would allow them to benefit from rising prices and demand. How do we ensure the developing world’s smallholders have the resources they need to manage risk, cope with price volatility and help meet the world’s future demand for food? There is no simple solution. They need the policies and political will to create an environment in which they are less vulnerable. They need investments in everything from roads to get produce more efficiently to market, to skills training to deal better with risk. They need creative partner-
ships between the public and private sector. They need greater transparency in markets to mitigate the impact of volatility, and greater access to the agricultural research that would let them adapt more effectively to the impact of climate change. Experience repeatedly shows that when smallholders are given the means and the incentives to increase production, they can feed themselves and their communities, lead their nation’s agricultural and economic growth, and contribute to food security. Indeed, small farms are often more productive per hectare than large farms, when agro-ecological conditions and access to technology are comparable. There is no secret formula that will eliminate poverty and guarantee food security overnight. But we know that small-scale producers — including family farmers, pastoralists and artisanal fishers — hold the key to reducing poverty and hunger. If they are connected to markets and have access to financial services and agricultural technologies. If they are farming in ways that respect and respond to the natural environment. And if they have committed support from central and local governments. In other words, we need to take what we already know works and apply our knowledge, tailoring our efforts to the conditions of a specific region, or even a specific village — responding to the wishes of local people themselves — so that in 10 years’ time we will have created lasting change, and a world where people are less hungry and have more opportunities than they do today. Kanayo F. Nwanze is president of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). This paper appeared as part of a series of blogs in an online discussion on the Future of Agriculture, hosted by Oxfam. To read more, go to: http://blogs.oxfam.org/en/blogs.
December 19, 1957
any readers were still in the egg business in 1957, based on ads in our Dec. 19 issue that year. This Roto-Egg washer sold for $19.95 complete, and could clean and sanitize up to 10 dozen eggs every three to five minutes. An ad for Double-Duty Egg Shell Maker from Winnipeg Supply and Fuel appeared on the next page, under a story reporting that Alberta egg producers had narrowly rejected a provincial marketing board, gathering 48.841 per cent support in a plebiscite requiring 51 per cent of all 28,853 eligible voters to vote in favour. However, only 3,844 voted against the plan, with 10,787 not returning ballots. The issue carried a story on the new agriculture building on “aggie row” at the University of Manitoba. Among the items featured was a “scientific marvel” called an epidiascope, a projector taller than its operator, which could project slides ranging from 35 mm to eight inches square, which would have “limitless uses for lecturers and students alike.” The new auditorium was said to be “one of the most acoustically perfect halls in the province.”
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Spotlight on economics: Genetically modified wheat status, outlook and implications Commercialization of genetically modified wheat will require elaborate segregations systems By William W. Wilson
heat is one of the world’s largest-acreage food crops, but it has not been a recipient of the new genetically modified (GM) technologies that have benefited corn, soybeans, canola and cotton. Compared with these crops, wheat has been losing its competitiveness for a number of reasons. The areas planted to wheat in the U.S. have declined by 30 to 40 per cent since the mid-1980s. Similar pressures exist in Canada which during the same period, canola acreage has increased, so it now exceeds wheat acres. There also have been important geographical shifts in the composition of crops planted in these countries. Generally, the smaller wheat acreage has been matched with a gradual shift to more northern and western dry areas. Since 1996, a number of GM traits have been introduced in competing crops. For corn, Roundup Ready (RR), bacillus thuringiensis (BT ) and several other traits have been developed and widely adopted. Some of these are now stacked in multiples of three or four traits in a single variety. Looking forward, a large number of traits are under development and expected to be commercialized in the next 10 or more years. For corn, there are at least 21 n e w GM traits under develop ment that are a mix of producer-, consumer- and processor-wanted traits. Some of these traits are developed individually and some through joint initiatives. A comparable number and composition
We welcome readers’ comments on issues that have been covered in the Manitoba Co-operator. In most cases we cannot accept “open” letters or copies of letters which have been sent to several publications. Letters are subject to editing for length or taste. We suggest a maximum of about 300 words. Please forward letters to Manitoba Co-operator, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, R3H 0H1 or Fax: 204-954-1422 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org (subject: To the editor)
Insensitive cartoon We are appalled at the insensitivity of the “cartoon” on the editorial page of the Dec. 20 edition, given the recent events in Connecticut. Rudy and Sandra Ammeter Headingley, Man.
Non-farming community needs educating Regarding the Dec. 6 article “End of cheap energy,” I ask how did Cuba increase farmers and decrease per
of traits is under development for soybeans.
New interest in wheat
Following a number of years in which wheat acres declined in North America and mostly shifted to corn, soybeans, canola and cotton, a number of events unfolded that helped spawn the recent interest in GM wheat. One was an international trilateral agreement among grower groups supporting the development of GM wheat. The other was the sharp escalation of crop prices during 2008. This precipitated concerns by end-users about the longer-term supplies and competitiveness of wheat. In 2009, Monsanto was the first to announce its intent to expand into GM wheat. This was followed within months by announcements to do the same by BASF, Bayer Crops Sciences, Limagrain and Dow AgroSciences. Each of these companies is following work that already had been initiated in Australia by the Victoria Agrobiosciences Center and CSIRO. Indeed, much of the initial and early work was done in Australia, where the initial focus was on drought. This is in addition to the almost simultaneous development of initiatives on GM wheat in China. These firms and organizations have been pursuing varying strategies, including acquiring germplasm and creating publicprivate partnerships. In addition, to varying degrees, each has made claims about the traits it intends to develop using genetic modification.
Alliances, acquisitions and partnerships
Each of the major firms has sought varying forms of alliances, acquisitions or partnerships to achieve
unit of production? Your farmer readers would see this as ballywag. This letter addresses my concerns as a farmer who would like to see more headlines for possible farming practices, especially if government infrastructure could promote energy savings or alternate energy sources. Natural gas can power equipment, perhaps someday research could give us cereals that fix nitrogen. However, must I pay all the costs of such measures if society or the world is to benefit? Shouldn’t everyone share the carbon footprint? I grow food because I want to, but I need the money it brings to buy what the rest of the world wants and desires. Since I started farming, I’ve doubled the production on my farm. The diesel use for my tractors is one-quarter of the pre-no-till days; fertilizer has doubled due to continuous cropping. It must be good for the environment if the carb credit payers are right. My point is that if such authors as Andrew Nikiforuk have more audience than a farmer, many will go hungry. If journalists and farm writers devote as much passion to educating the non-farming community as I see in an attempt to bring innova-
Looking forward, one would expect a more highly differentiated market for wheat products for those that are non-averse to GM content, averse to GM content and those seeking organic produce.
technology improvement goals. The GM traits that are most commonly being developed are yield, drought tolerance and nitrogen use efficiency. The criteria for selecting these traits are not exactly clear. Most likely, these choices are a result of experiences with other crops, evidence related to current plant stressors, anticipated changing geography of production and concerns of future water availability and cost. Against this acceleration of research in wheat-breeding technology, there are a number of important issues.
One is consumer acceptance. Generally, consumers in North America are less averse to GM content than other countries. In part, this is due to greater confidence in the underlying regulatory mechanisms. In some other countries, notably the European Union and Japan, there is a greater aversion to GM content as reflected partly in their regulatory regimes. Looking forward, one would expect a more highly differentiated market for wheat products for those that are non-averse to GM content, averse
tions to the modern farmer, society would gain. Knowledge is power. If we are to bring a new generation to our farm, the technology will cost a bunch. The new farmers must be paid. Bruce Wilmot Carnduff, Sask.
New rail bill strengthens the economy The Harper government has tabled the Fair Rail Freight Service Act in the House of Commons to improve the efficiency, predictability and reliability of rail freight service in Canada. This legislation is part of our government’s plan to strengthen the economy. We are working to ensure that Canada’s rail freight system is better positioned to support long-term growth, resource development, and our ambitious domestic and international trade agenda. After a comprehensive study, the Rail Freight Service Review Panel in 2011 determined that there was an imbalance in the shipper-railway relationship. They recommended the use of service agreements to improve the performance of the system overall. In support of these recommendations, this legislation will give all companies that ship goods by rail the right
to GM content and those seeking organic produce. Ultimately, this means that the commercialization of GM wheat will require fairly elaborate segregation systems. While achievable, segregation will need to be initiated by buyers through contractual requirements. If so, the markets can be effective at segregation and at reasonable costs, although the costs will vary across market segments and participants. Another major issue confronting wheat is that most of the germplasm is or has been under the control of the public sector. Therefore, as bio tech nolo gy compa nies see k to expand and pursue “seeds and traits” strategies, they will need to develop varying forms of publicprivate partnerships. The values of these traits provide encouragement for further development. However, the values in wheat traits are not as great as in other crops, which means that any variety of wheat likely would need a combination of stacked traits to be commercially acceptable. William W. Wilson is University Distinguished Professor at North Dakota State University’s agribusiness and applied economics department.
to a service contract with railways, and establish an arbitration process for shippers to get a service contract if the parties cannot negotiate one together. This process will be fast and inexpensive. Our government believes that commercial negotiations are the best way to achieve results, and the goal of this legislation is to encourage railways and shippers to work together to reach agreements. Since the Rail Freight Service Review was launched in 2008, we have seen notable improvements in rail service in Canada. We are taking action to solidify those important gains so that our rail transportation system is well positioned for future growth. The act will help shippers to manage and expand their businesses, while ensuring that railways can operate an efficient network for the benefit of all users. A strong railway-shipper relationship is vital to Canada’s economy as a whole. This legislation is vital to maintaining a competitive rail network in Canada. In these challenging global economic times, all sectors of the economy must work together to drive economic growth, job creation and long-term prosperity. Robert Sopuck, MP DauphinSwan River-Marquette
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
FROM PAGE ONE GOOD TIMES Continued from page 1
border are close to the same. They never used to be, he says. The U.S. price was often $1 to $2 a bushel higher than the board’s fixed price, according to Hiebert. He expected the gap to narrow in an open market, but not evaporate. But one day in November Canadian wheat prices were 35 cents a bushel higher than in the U.S. and virtually the same Nov. 28, according to Hiebert. Why? He’s convinced it is because the monopoly is gone. Richard Gray, an agricultural economist at the University of Saskatchewan, says a “back of the envelope calculation,” isn’t a reliable way to determine which marketing system is best. It requires an in-depth study, which he hasn’t done. “We know the difference between elevator prices has gone down but you can’t tell what’s happened to the American price — if it fell too,” he says. “Some people said you would expect in an open market prices would converge but you’d put downward pressure on the Minneapolis price itself.”
Protein premium gone
Normally Minneapolis spring milling wheat futures trade at a premium to soft red winter wheat futures in Chicago, but the gap narrowed. It could’ve been pressure from Canadian wheat, Gray says. Or a speculative bubble in Chicago. “You would expect to see
that difference go away if they (single-desk CWB) were in fact price discriminating,” Gray says. “What you don’t know is what the net effect is.” It’s also known U.S. spring wheat basis swings wildly on crop quality and demand. “This year the protein premium is gone and would there be a protein premium if the board was still there? We don’t know,” Gray says. Nonetheless, most farmers are pleased with the open market so far, which isn’t surprising. “You’re not going to blame the grain system for good prices,” he says. “Product movement is good and the prices are good. “I’m pleasantly surprised with how things seem to be running.” Mike Jubinville, a market analyst and president of ProFarmer Canada, expected Canadian and American wheat prices to arbitrage, but not so quickly. “It really negates the need for a Canadian to travel across the border (to sell wheat),” Jubinville says. Dec. 10 the bid price for No. 1 Dark Northern Spring wheat, 14 per cent protein, in a Bottineau, North Dakota elevator was $8.38 a bushel, Jubinville says. Seventy-five kilometres to the north at Viterra’s Boissevain elevator No. 1 Canada Western Red Spring wheat, 13.5 per cent protein, was $8.34 a bushel — virtually the same price for roughly equivalent quality milling wheat. Jubinville doesn’t buy theories that Western Canada’s open
market could pressure American wheat prices. “The dog wags the tail, the tail doesn’t wag the dog and the United States is the dog,” he says.
The transition to an open market has gone smoothly in part because of an early harvest of a high-quality crop coupled with strong prices, industry officials say. Grain companies and the railways also know they’re under a microscope and determined not to give open-market skeptics any ammunition to launch an attack. T h e o p e n m a rk e t i s a n u n q u a l i f i e d s u c c e s s, s a y s Hiebert. Even longtime wheat board supporters are selling in the open market, Hiebert notes. Harder, who farms at Lowe Farm, pooled some of his wheat and has sold for cash too. But like many single-desk supporters he predicted the CWB would offer little benefit in an open market because more sellers mean lower prices. Relying on your competitor’s handling facilities doesn’t help the CWB either. “Wheat prices all over the world have gone up and that has nothing to do with it going on the open market,” Harder says. “Once we have disease issues it’s going to be a lot different.” While Harder says the transition has mostly gone well, he says sometimes grain companies won’t take delivery of his CWB wheat when they will B:10.25” accept non-board. “I really can’t win with this,” T:10.25”
Harder says. “If the wheat board does really well in the next couple of years they’re just going to sell it to a private company anyway. “And if it doesn’t do well I lose at the elevator door right now.” The open market’s superiority to the single desk might not be empirical, but many farmers perceive it to be, an industry official who asked not to be named says. And perception is reality.
If a plebiscite were held among farmers the open market would easily win, he adds. Still, there are farmers who say it’s too early to pass final judgment, says Jubinville. “I think a lot of growers are thinking it looks good right now but we’ll see after two or three years if the right thing was done here.” There’s a learning curve, even though farmers have plenty of experience with other open-market crops, including canola, says Mabon, a former farm management specialist with Manitoba Agriculture. Sometimes grade and protein premiums and discounts can vary more than the underlying futures price. Farmers need to study their contracts and be aware of the required grade specifications. Farmers need to pay attention to market signals too. If the basis is over the futures or inverted that means grain companies want the grain now, not later.
“I just love it. It’s just the best thing for farming.” RON HIEBERT
Naturally most farmers are approaching the open market cautiously, says Mabon. Many have sold very little wheat. There could be a rush to deliver next summer, he says. As a result the system won’t be able to handle it all and prices will fall, unless bad weather threatens the new crop. When asked if he’s now an open-market supporter, Swift Current, Sask., farmer Stewart Wells chuckles. “The short answer is 90 days into this crop year is not going to be an indicator of the mediumand long-term ramifications for farmers,” says Wells, a former wheat board director and singledesk supporter. “Our pooled price was almost always higher than their (U.S.) a v e r a g e w e i g h t e d p r i c e,” he says when asked about Canadian and U.S. wheat prices converging. “The real question is how high would’ve prices been if there was just the single desk?” Wells and Harder and Hiebert and Mabon have different answers. The marketing system has changed. But their points of view haven’t. email@example.com
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Time to move past divisive wheatmarketing debate Ag economist Richard Gray says there are ways to improve the new open market By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF
ichard Gray won’t miss the fighting amongst western Canadian farmers over the Canadian Wheat Board. The University of Saskatchewan agr icultural economist says the long, divisive debate distracted farmers from tackling even more financially important issues such as crop research. Grain marketing has been a touchy issue. A farmer who declined to be interviewed likened it to a civil war where sometimes friends and family are on opposing sides. The focus now should be on making the open market as effective and as efficient as possible, says Gray. One way is to improve the Winnipeg-based wheat futures market. As he predicted the ICE Futures contract is moribund. “The most important thing is you want a futures market that takes the risk out for buyers and sellers,” he says. “There are lots of things that would affect the Minneapolis price that wouldn’t affect Vancouver prices.” The ICE wheat futures contract is based on inland delivery, like its canola contract. Basing it on Vancouver delivery would show the value of Canadian wheat at port. “ Transparency has been known to reduce basis and certainly reduce the basis risk for all shippers, big or small,” Gray says. Grain marketing adviser John De Pape is also calling for more “transparency.” He says grain exporters should be required to report sales on a weekly basis.
SOYBEANS HOT continued from page 1
Ellis warned warmer-thannormal growing seasons won’t last forever and that could hurt farmers planting more grain corn and soybeans — both heat-loving crops. “Cer tainly in easter n Manitoba soybeans will be up and canola will be down and corn will continue to increase quite substantially,” said Domain seed grower Bob Wiens. “We’re seeing a major shift in what’s happening in our acreage.” Farmers are increasing their plantings of “specialty oil” canola and planting fewer acres of Invigor Hybrids, said Marc Durand, a seed grower from Notre Dame de Lourdes. There’s also uncertainty about the winter wheat seeded into bone-dry soil last fall and what crops will be reseeded in fields that don’t survive the winter. Corn and soybeans are gaining acres in western Manitoba too. Soybeans are attracting a lot of interest because they performed well during wet conditions several years ago as well as under last year’s heat, said
Oak River seed grower Eric McLean. “And now that they have low heat unit (soybean) varieties the west is more or less the new expansion area,” he added. Ellis warned the jump in corn and soybean acres could backfire given one of these years will be cooler than normal. Statistics Canada estimates Manitoba farmers seeded a record 300,000 acres of grain corn in 2012, up 71 per cent from 2011 and 54 per cent higher than the previous record of 194,966 acres set in 2007. They also planted a record 800,000 acres of soybeans in 2012, up 40 per cent from 2011 when the previous record — 570,000 acres — was set. Soybeans plantings this spring could exceed one million acres, some industr y observers predict. Soybean and corn seed supplies could be tight this spring, seed growers said. There are also reports that the hot weather reduced the germination of some soybean seed, Ellis said. “Peas will also be in short supply,” Durand said. McLean described farmer
interest in peas as between hot and cold. It’s a crop farmers can make money with, but many don’t necessarily want to grow it, he said. “In general the hard red spring wheats are moving quite well across most of Manitoba right now and demand and interest are high,” he said. Potentially high-yielding “general purpose” wheats, such as Pasteur, are hot in the Red River Valley, McLean said. The Canada Western General Purpose wheat class is the only western spring wheat class that doesn’t require new varieties to meet specific end-use quality standards. It was established several years ago to serve the livestock feed and ethanol markets. How e v e r, Pa s t e u r, a European milling wheat distributed by SeCan, is capable of producing wheat that can be blended with other wheats for milling. Some Manitoba-grown Pasteur was sold to domestic millers in 2012, Todd Hyra, SeCan’s Western Canada business manager, said in an interview Dec. 19. Pasteur produces 2.0 to 2.5
less protein than wheats in the Canadian Western Red Spring wheat class, but since the 2012 spring milling wheat crop is high in protein there’s a market for lower-protein wheat this year. However, Hyra cautioned there’s no guarantee Pasteur will be of interest to millers every year. Millers say Pasteur’s flour yield is lower than some other wheats, but in a blend makes good bread. “The overall disease package (for Pasteur) is very well suited to Canadian growing conditions,” Hyra said, noting that the variety is rated “fair” for fusarium head blight resistance and has low accumulation of DON (deoxynivalenol) — the toxin sometimes created by head blight. According to SeCan during registration trials Pasteur yielded 2.9 per cent more than AC Andrew, another high-yielding general purpose wheat. Pasteur is also less susceptible to lodging than AC Andrew. However, Pasteur is three days later to mature and susceptible to common bunt and loose smut. firstname.lastname@example.org
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University of Saskatchewan agricultural economist Richard Gray is looking forward to farmers putting the divisive wheat-marketing debate behind them. PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Plan for the worst, hope for the best, advises ag lawyer
When fires, cattle or herbicides jump fences, the property owner is usually “strictly liable” for whatever escapes his or her property By Daniel Winters co-operator staff / brandon
n the opinion of the courts, cattle belong on pasture, not on the road. So how does a rancher protect himself from legal liability issues when moving a herd from one part of his property to another via public roads? The key is having a program to minimize exposure to legal liability in case a speeding driver plows into your herd, says John Stewart, a Winnipeg-based agricultural lawyer. First, have a frank talk with your insurance agent to make them aware that you regularly engage in such a practice, and second, plan for the worst and hope for the best, he said. “Beyond that, it’s a case of trying to do a good job and making sure nothing happens. There’s
very little else you can do,” Stewart said in a presentation on farm legal liability issues at the recent Ranchers Forum hosted by the Manitoba Forage Council. Obvious precautions should include posting someone ahead of the herd either on horseback, in a vehicle, or on foot to warn drivers that a herd is following behind. There’s no regulation that requires it, but having a pilot vehicle with flashing lights up front would provide a very strong defence in such cases. “Then if somebody does something stupid and drives into them, even though you are standing there waving your arms at them to slow down, your defence could be that it wasn’t the cattle that caused it, it was the guy who was driving when it was unsafe to do so,” said Stewart. In the world of legal eagles, there’s liability, and then there’s
“strict” liability. The former is open to argument, but the latter describes cases where there’s “no defence.” An example of this is when a farmer starts a fire on his land and it escapes and destroys the neighbour’s property. “Does the neighbour care whether I lit the fire (or) my children, my employee or somebody we don’t know lit the fire?” said Stewart. Essentially, the owner of the land is strictly liable for whatever escapes his or her property, whether it was fire, a herbicide application, or a herd of cattle trampling a neighbour’s crops. “You can’t go back and say it wasn’t your fault because you didn’t do it,” he said. “As the owner of the asset, you are personally responsible.” Things get murky, however, when a disaster unleashes a
“The great part about that question is that’s how we make a living.”
John Stewart, a Winnipeg-based agricultural lawyer with D’Arcy & Deacon LLP, explains farm legal liability issues at the recent Ranchers Forum. photo: Daniel Winters
chain reaction of adverse events that cross multiple property lines. For example, if an accidental fire spreads from one farm to the neighbour’s, and then from there
How can my farm benefit from Seed Interactive?
on to another, is the first property owner liable for all three? “The great part about that question is that’s how we make a living,” said Stewart, prompting much laughter. If a fire broke out in a parking garage and jumped from car to car, the courts might be asked to pass judgment on whether the car owner was to blame, or the architect, who designed a structure that allowed cars to be parked so close together. Preserving evidence is key in such cases because each witness called to testify is likely to have a different version of events. For injured parties, it’s important to have a regularly updated descriptive inventory of all assets on the farm that includes estimated values and condition. When making a claim, be sure to keep receipts and records of all expenses incurred as a result, and ensure it is all compiled in a credible fashion so that the insurance company can use it as leverage for the ultimate goal of “getting a cheque” out of somebody for you. “Take pictures, take lots of pictures, take a video if you have to, but make sure you have some way to preserve all the evidence,” said Stewart. email@example.com
Cutlass is the field pea check variety in Seed Manitoba, but I want to compare with Eclipse, the variety I’ve grown on my farm. How can I do that?
Trait Stewardship Responsibilities
Notice to Farmers
SEED Interactive Advantage: Choose your own check. Seed Interactive allows you to select varieties suited to the agronomic and management practices on your farm. Use the Variety Characteristics Report to generate an overall summary using all data, or to compare disease resistance and general agronomic performance. Use the Yield Comparison Report to compare two varieties at the same location. With both reports, choose your own check variety. It’s easy and informative. Log on to customize selections for your farm. www.seedinteractive.ca
INTERACTIVE.CA A Manitoba Crop Variety Decision Tool
Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Genuity®, Roundup Ready®, and Roundup® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. Used under license.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Canola and pulses featured on Indian TV
Please forward your agricultural events to daveb@fbcpublish ing.com or call 204-944-5762. 2013 Jan. 5-12: Crop Production Week, Saskatoon Inn, 2002 Airport Dr. (and other venues), Saskatoon. For more info visit www.cropweek. com/cpw.html. Jan. 6-7: Manitoba Forage Seed Conference, Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info visit www.forageseed. net. Jan. 7: Beef and Forage Day, 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Ukrainian Hall, Vita. Registration $10. For more info call MAFRI at 204-425-5050. Jan. 7-10: Western Canadian Crop Production Show, Prairieland Park, Saskatoon. For more info visit www.cropproductiononline.com or call 1-888-931-9333.
Indian celebrity chef, Vicky Ratnani of New Delhi Television (NDTV) will air 10 weekly English-language episodes about using Canadian food, using some of the country’s most scenic locations as a backdrop. Products featured include canola oil, pulses, barley, potatoes, fish and seafood, wild rice, hemp, honey, cheese, wine, icewine, and beer. “I have used canola oil and pulses from Canada in the past and quite love them. The quality and the taste are amazing,” said Chef Vicky. “The shows will be posted to the NDTV Good Times website (goodtimes.ndtv.com) and YouTube. Photo: NDTV
Jan. 14: Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services free workshop on sleeplessness with Dr. Carlyle Smith, 7-9 p.m., MAFRI GO Office, 1129 Queens Ave., Brandon. To register call 1-866-367-3276 or 204-571-4183. Jan. 15-17: Manitoba Ag Days, Keystone Centre, 1175-18th St., Brandon. For more info visit www. agdays.com.
Jan. 16-18: Western Canadian Wheat Growers Association annual convention, Sutton Place Hotel, 10235-101st St., Edmonton. For more info call 306-586-5866. Jan. 17: Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services workshop on sleeplessness, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Royal Canadian Legion, 425 Brown Ave., Neepawa. Registration $20, lunch included. Pre-register at 1-866-367-3276 or 204-571-4183. Jan. 18: Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services workshop on sleeplessness with Dr. Carlyle Smith, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Sun Gro Centre, 360 Veterans Lane, Beausejour. Registration $20, lunch included. Pre-register at 1-866-367-3276 or 204-571-4183. Jan. 19: Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services workshop on sleeplessness with Dr. Carlyle Smith, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Friendship Centre, 306 N. Railway St., Morden. Registration $20, lunch included. Pre-register at 1-866-367-3276 or 204-571-4183. Jan. 22-24: Red River Basin Land and Water International Summit Conference, Alerus Center, 120042nd St. S, Grand Forks, N.D. For more info call 204-982-7250 or visit www.redriverbasincommission.org. Jan. 24: Kick-Start Your Food Product Idea workshop, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Stonewall. For more information or to pre-register, call 204-467-4700. Jan. 30: Kick-Start Your Food Product Idea workshop, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Winnipeg River Learning Centre, Pine Falls. For more information or to preregister, call 204-392-7268.
T I G LLA
Jan. 16: Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services workshop on sleeplessness, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., Super 8, 1457 Main St. S., Dauphin. Registration $20, lunch included. Pre-register at 1-866367-3276 or 204-571-4183.
Manitoba-North Dakota Zero Tillage Farmers Association
Jan. 7-11: MAFRI 2013 Beef and Forage Week: Vita – Jan. 7, Eriksdale - Jan. 8, Ste Rose du Lac – Jan. 9, Holland – Jan. 10, Teulon – Jan. 11. For more information or to register, contact your local MAFRI office.
No-Till: An Evolution Towards Sustainable Ag
January 8-10, 2013 Ramkota Hotel, Bismarck, ND
Tradeshow Opens at 4 pm Association General Meeting International Show and Tell
Workshop and Trade Show Headquarters Ramkota Hotel
Tradeshow All Day Dirt: The Erosion of Civilization What Your Father Never Told You About Soil Biology and Should Have Cover Crops; Evaluating the Soil and Agronomic Bene¿ts The Biology of Soil Compaction Tractor and Implement Design Affects Soil Compaction Panel Discussion : Focus on Soil Health/ Erosion/Compaction The Why for Government Incentives International Beer and Bull Evening Rap Sessions
800 3rd Street, Bismarck, ND 58504, Phone: (701)258-7700
MARKETS • NEWS • POLICY • PROGRAMS
“Continuing Education Units (CEU’s) applied for Certi¿ed Crop Advisers”
For More Info Contact:
Bonnie Staiger, Executive Secretary Ph. 701-223-3184 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Registration Information: www.mandakzerotill.org
January 7 ND Grazing Lands Coalition Grazing Workshop
Contact Tara Dukart, 701-400-0591
January 8 Burleigh County SCD Soil Health Workshop www.bcscd.com
January 8-10 Manitoba – North Dakota Zero Till Workshop
What if Glyphosate didn’t Work? Crop Nutrients in a No-till Cropping System Panel Discussion Focus on Nutrient Management and Fertilizer Applications Focus on No-till Corn and Soybean Production Panel Discussion: Zero-till Corn Production
“Come be a part of Soil Health Week”
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
LIVESTOCK MARKETS Cattle Prices Winnipeg
(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)
Futures (December 14, 2012) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close Change December 2012 126.20 0.13 February 2013 131.47 0.45 April 2013 135.37 0.42 June 2013 131.45 0.25 August 2013 131.30 0.55 October 2013 134.75 0.65 Cattle Slaughter Canada East West Manitoba U.S.
Alberta South $ 119.00 - 120.00 118.25 - 122.00 64.00 - 75.00 55.00 - 66.00 74.21 - 74.21 $ 122.00 - 132.00 125.00 - 136.00 130.00 - 143.00 136.00 - 151.00 146.00 - 169.00 160.00 - 186.00 $ 114.00 - 125.00 115.00 - 126.00 120.00 - 131.00 124.00 - 140.00 130.00 - 150.00 140.00 - 165.00
($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)
Fewer cattle expected on market in early 2013
Feeder Cattle January 2013 March 2013 April 2013 May 2013 August 2013 September 2013
Prices later in year will depend on availability of feed Terryn Shiells
Ontario $ 92.09 - 125.24 101.16 - 117.43 47.71 - 65.66 47.71 - 65.66 57.66 - 79.00 $ 125.40 - 140.81 122.41 - 141.25 118.41 - 145.64 126.77 - 158.65 130.13 - 172.34 131.46 - 174.42 $ 107.38 - 124.05 114.00 - 127.82 110.31 - 126.08 109.63 - 137.52 113.34 - 146.87 119.44 - 151.00
Close 153.12 155.07 156.00 157.27 161.50 162.05
Change 4.87 4.27 3.95 3.57 3.63 3.65
Cattle Grades (Canada)
Week Ending December 8, 2012 45,919 13,275 32,644 NA 639,000
Previous Year 54,498 15,477 39,021 NA 646,000
Week Ending December 8, 2012 445 18,749 12,915 764 657 11,575 16
Prime AAA AA A B D E
Previous Year 484 20,587 18,330 773 759 9,184 482
Hog Prices Source: Manitoba Agriculture
(Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg) MB. ($/hog) MB. (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB. (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) P.Q. (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)
Current Week 161.00E 149.00E 150.62 156.92
Last Week 161.94 150.44 151.05 152.04
Futures (December 14, 2012) in U.S. Hogs Close December 2012 82.12 February 2013 85.90 April 2013 90.65 May 2013 98.55 June 2013 100.02
Last Year (Index 100) 167.03 154.32 160.14 164.44
Change -1.33 1.45 1.68 1.25 1.00
Other Market Prices Sheep and Lambs $/cwt Ewes Lambs (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)
$1 Cdn: $ 1.014 U.S. $1 U.S: $0.9860 Cdn.
December 14, 2012
Steers & Heifers — D1, 2 Cows 62.00 - 66.00 D3 Cows 54.00 - 58.00 Bulls 72.00 - 78.00 Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) 115.00 - 131.00 (801-900 lbs.) 123.00 - 132.00 (701-800 lbs.) 127.00 - 140.00 (601-700 lbs.) 134.00 - 147.00 (501-600 lbs.) 145.00 - 162.00 (401-500 lbs.) 152.00 - 183.00 Heifers (901+ lbs.) 95.00 - 116.00 (801-900 lbs.) 105.00 - 120.00 (701-800 lbs.) 110.00 - 125.00 (601-700 lbs.) 115.00 - 135.00 (501-600 lbs.) 120.00 - 144.00 (401-500 lbs.) 130.00 - 147.00
EXCHANGES: December 14, 2012
(Friday to Thursday) Slaughter Cattle
Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers
Numbers below are reprinted from December 20 issue.
Winnipeg — Next sale is Dec. 19, 2012 — —
Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of May 23, 2010 Under 1.2 kg................................... $1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg.................................... $1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg.................................... $1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg...................................... $1.3230
Turkeys Minimum prices as of December 23, 2012 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.040 Undergrade .............................. $1.950 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.035 Undergrade .............................. $1.935 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.035 Undergrade .............................. $1.935 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................... $2.000 Undergrade............................... $1.915 Prices are quoted f.o.b. farm.
Toronto 79.17 - 106.52 116.44 - 127.49 121.35 - 136.32 115.54 - 139.53 123.88 - 255.20 —
SunGold Specialty Meats 40.00 - 60.00
attle prices across Manitoba are expected to remain strong through the first half of 2013, according to industry officials. “We are anticipating that we’re going to see very strong cattle prices, very similar to what we saw last spring,” said Rick Wright, a buyer with Heartland Order Buying Co. Whether the strong prices stick around in the second half of the year will all depend on whether growing conditions for feed grains remain good. “If we are in a semi-drought in the major grain-growing regions, especially in the corngrowing regions of the south, then we’ll see a lower adjustment to prices like we saw this year,” said Wright. Prices are expected to be strong in the early part of the year, in part because there are going to be fewer cattle coming on to the market. “We don’t think that we’ll see big numbers right out of the gate,” he said. “We don’t think we’ll see big numbers in Manitoba or Saskatchewan until probably the end of January.” There will be fewer marketings in the beginning of 2013 because calves were later getting weaned this year than they normally are, so they’ll need more days to get heavier, he said. There were also very few cattle bought locally in September to be backgrounded and resold in January, due to high feed prices and feed shortages in most areas. “Most of the cattle left the province, so those cattle aren’t available to come on the market,” Wright said. Many farmers who normally background cattle as a way of marketing their grain didn’t have to do it this year, because there was a good, strong market for feed grains due to the drought in the U.S. In the new year, cattle 600 pounds and under, and 900 lbs. and over, will bring in the best prices, Wright said. “We expect there to be a lot of 800-lb. cattle available, and I’m not saying they’re not going to be worth some money. It’s just there may not be a big premium on it that there will be on the cattle weighing 600 lbs. and down, and 900 lbs. and up,” he said. Throughout the fall of 2012, cattle markets across the province reported most of the demand came from buyers in other provinces, both east and west of Manitoba — but that could change come spring. Unless the Canadian dollar soars way above parity with U.S. currency, some interest from
“Most of the cattle left the province, so those cattle aren’t available to come on the market.” rick wright
Heartland order buying co.
U.S. buyers should come into the market in the spring of 2013, Wright said. “U.S. buyers predominantly like to buy yearlings off the grass, and then they like to buy backgrounded cattle, so they haven’t been a big player in the fall run,” he said. “But certainly in the spring, most of the cattle that come into the market fit into their health requirements, so they’ll be contenders.” Local demand isn’t expected to pick up a lot this spring, with the exception of a few farmers who run bigger operations that will be in need of some grass cattle. Last year local demand was fairly strong, Wright said, as many farmers bought replacement heifers to breed, in anticipation of strong prices in the fall — but prices weren’t as good as expected because of high feed prices, so he doesn’t think those farmers will come back to the table to buy heifers again in 2013. As of Dec. 20, forward contracting was very difficult for farmers, because XL Foods, a leader in the business, wasn’t offering any contracts — but Wright said there will still be some forward contracting done in Manitoba in 2013. “I think the contracts will come, certainly producers will be looking for contracts,” he said. “But whether there will be as many as them, and they’ll be as lucrative as they were last year, all depends on what the Canadian dollar does and what the (Chicago Mercantile Exchange) does.” Overall cattle production in 2013 is expected to be down in Manitoba as well, as more and more farmers exit the business and switch their land over to grain production. If prices stay strong, the producers who are still in the cattle game will be able to keep going, Wright said, but it probably won’t encourage any young new farmers to get into the cattle business. “We’re not seeing a lot of young guys getting into this business,” he said. “A lot of these young guys who are coming in are just looking at the investment and the returns and the work involved and they’re leaning toward the grain.” Terryn Shiells writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.
Eggs Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective June 12, 2011. New Previous A Extra Large $1.8500 $1.8200 A Large 1.8500 1.8200 A Medium 1.6700 1.6400 A Small 1.2500 1.2200 A Pee Wee 0.3675 0.3675 Nest Run 24 + 1.7490 1.7210 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15
Goats Kids Billys Mature
Winnipeg ($/cwt) — — —
Toronto ($/cwt) 130.76 - 262.61 — 81.10 - 213.34
Horses <1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+
Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —
Toronto ($/cwt) 6.49 - 26.42 23.12 - 43.58
Hog prices expected to move higher in spring By Terryn Shiells commodity news service canada
Relief is in sight for hog producers who can hang on until spring. “Based on the futures market in the U.S., we could see prices improve in the spring, back
into break-even and profitable levels,” said Brad Marceniuk, a livestock economist with the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture. But that good news comes with a catch — hog prices are expected to rise because high feed costs coupled with current low prices are forcing many producers to call it quits. Though hog producers will most likely get more money for their pigs in the spring, their profit outlook will depend heavily on what happens to feed grain prices, Marceniuk said.
Looking for results? Check out the market reports from livestock auctions around the province. » PaGe 15
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Numbers below are reprinted from December 20 issue.
Export and International Prices
Seven market movers to watch in 2013 The single desk’s end is just one of many factors in play Phil Franz-Warkentin CNSC
he start of a new year is a time of reflection and also a time of looking forward. As history has a habit of repeating itself, what were the big factors that moved the grains and oilseeds in 2012? And what might we expect this new calendar year?
As far as Western Canada was concerned, the big story in 2012 was the end of the Canadian Wheat Board’s long-standing single desk for marketing wheat, durum and barley. That story is still playing itself out, but the fact the changes happened in a year where wheat prices were quite high surely helped the transition. Wheat acreage increases are being talked up for 2013, as it turned out to be a good cash crop in 2012.
For three-times-daily market reports from Commodity News Service Canada, visit “ICE Futures Canada updates” at www.manitobacooperator.ca.
The looming global economic collapse, and/or looming turnaround to improvement, provided constant fodder for speculative money flows during the year. Whether or not the U.S. falls off its “fiscal cliff” in 2013, the sputtering global financial system will remain a feature in the grains and oilseeds as well. The key takeaway is this: If investors are confident in the economy and throwing more money into riskier assets, agricultural commodities also benefit. However, a side influence on Canada under such a scenario is a stronger Canadian dollar, which makes Canadian exports a little less attractive.
It was too wet in some areas, too dry in others, and a big wind at harvest caused problems as well, cutting into Canadian production overall. In the U.S., drought conditions remain a concern heading into 2013. Europe and the Black Sea region have dryness issues of their own, while the weather is a bit of a mixed bag in South America as soybeans and corn are currently in the midst of their growing season.
Brazil and Argentina are forecast to grow recordlarge soybean and corn crops this year, and the
possibility of that large production is overhanging the markets. However, North American supplies are tight, which means that production will be needed to meet demand, and any problems that develop over the growing season should provide a boost to the North American markets.
China played The Grinch and cancelled nearly a million tonnes of U.S. soybean purchases the week before Christmas. That news added to the end of the year-long liquidation already weighing on prices and was bearish for canola as well. The country is always a wild card, and what it buys, or doesn’t buy, will be closely monitored once again in 2013.
Canola, soybeans, wheat and corn were all trending down in the week before Christmas. However, prices on all four commodities also closed out 2012 on a much higher footing than 2011. Weekly charts would point to more downside potential in the grains and oilseeds, but chart analysts can also make an argument that values are consolidating before turning for another leg higher. The charts are easier to make sense of in hindsight, although as far as canola is concerned nearby prices may fall to the $540to $550-per-tonne level before finding major support.
hamburg / reuters / U.S.-origin wheat has emerged as the pace setter on international grain markets offering the lowest prices, Germany’s leading grain trading house Toepfer International said Dec. 21. Wheat prices in both the United States and Europe fell in December following the key U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) report on Dec. 11 which forecast
Chicago wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)
Minneapolis wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)
Coarse Grains US corn Gulf ($US)
US barley (PNW) ($US)
Chicago corn (nearby future) ($US/tonne)
Chicago oats (nearby future) ($US/tonne)
Chicago soybeans (nearby future) ($US/tonne) Chicago soyoil ($US/tonne)
Winnipeg Futures ICE Futures Canada prices at close of business December 13, 2012 Western barley
Special Crops Report for December 17, 2012 — Bin run delivered plant Saskatchewan Spot Market
Lentils (Cdn. cents per pound)
Other (Cdn. cents per pound unless otherwise specified)
Large Green 15/64
20.85 - 21.50
Laird No. 1
20.20 - 20.85
Oil Sunflower Seed
Eston No. 2
20.00 - 22.00
The fight for acres
Source: Stat Publishing
With supplies on the tight side for most of the main cropping options in Western Canada, the annual battle over what will go in the ground this spring could get interesting. After pushing rotations for a few years, the anecdotal reports suggest that canola will lose out to other, cheaper to grow, alternatives in 2013. How 2013 plays out remains to be seen, but all of the preceding factors will definitely play their part in the ebb and flow of the markets. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.
larger-than-expected wheat inventories, Toepfer said in a market report. “The United States has since then taken over the price leadership for wheat business to the important (export) destinations,” it said. EU wheat prices are likely to be stable in the medium term because of high feed wheat prices and harvest problems in rival exporter Argentina, Toepfer said. “This also applies to Britain, where the poor harvest means the country has turned from a feed wheat exporter to an importer.”
Regardless of what the charts may say, or what’s happening in South America and China, the greater concern on the local level remains the cash price. Canola supplies are forecast to be very tight at the start of the 2013-14 crop year, and attractive bids in the country are reflecting those concerns over tightening supplies. Canola cash prices were all but divorced from the futures heading into the new year. The question now: Will the futures rise to reflect the bullish fundamentals? Or will demand from the crushers and line companies finally be rationed, causing cash prices to come back in line with the futures? Supplies of most other major crops grown in Western Canada are also forecast to be tighter at the end of the current crop year in July 2013 compared to where they were in 2012.
Supply and demand
U.S. wheat emerges as most competitively priced
All prices close of business December 13, 2012
24.85 - 28.50 — 27.00 - 28.75
Field Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)
Beans (Cdn. cents per pound)
Green No. 1
No. 1 Navy/Pea Beans
Medium Yellow No. 1
13.00 - 15.00 8.25 - 8.75
Feed Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel) Feed Pea (Rail)
No. 1 Great Northern
Mustardseed (Cdn. cents per pound)
5.00 - 8.80
No. 1 Cranberry Beans
Yellow No. 1
38.75 - 41.75
No. 1 Light Red Kidney
Brown No. 1
32.75 - 36.75
No. 1 Dark Red Kidney
Oriental No. 1
26.40 - 27.75
No. 1 Black Beans
No. 1 Pinto Beans
No. 1 Small Red
No. 1 Pink
Report for December 14, 2012 in US$ cwt NuSun (oilseed) Confection Source: National Sunflower Association
CFTC grants reprieve in conversation-taping rule washington / reuters / The top U.S. derivatives regulator has adopted a rule for markets to keep records of trades, but told some dealers they did not need to tape conversations after grain traders opposed it. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission is implementing important parts of the 2010 Dodd-Frank overhaul of Wall Street regulations, writing the first-ever rules for the unregulated $650-trillion swaps industry. One of the rules would have required members of two types of derivative trading platforms to record all oral communications that lead to a trade in a cash commodity. But grain traders in the National Grain and Feed Association (NGFA) complained that the rule would force them to record every conversation with farmers. In the final rule, there is no requirement to tape conversations about cash transactions, unlike those that lead to trades in derivatives such as futures, options and swaps or retail foreign exchange deals, the CFTC said. Taped records of conversations — which must be kept for one year — will preserve “critical evidence” in enforcement investigations, the CFTC said.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
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H USB A N DRY — T H E SC I E NC E , SK I L L OR A RT OF FA R M I NG
Record-high U.S. beef and cattle prices seen in 2013 Argentina and Brazil beef production will rise this year
PHOTO: WENDY DUDLEY
Farm groups should track CCA sustainability move The sustainability round table is seen as a good fit with cattle producer values By Alex Binkley
“In our view, sustainable beef production is crucial to the longterm competitiveness of Canada’s beef cattle industry.”
CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR / OTTAWA
he move by the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association to join an international group that promotes sustainable agriculture is being hailed as a model for other farm groups. The cattle producers’ organization recently joined the Global Roundtable for Sustainable Beef, whose members range from Cargill, JBS and McDonald’s to the World Wildlife Fund, The Nature Conservancy, and the National Wildlife Federation. The roundtable is a “good fit” with his group because cattle producers understand that sustainability and improved productivity can go hand in hand, said association president Martin Unrau. “In our view, sustainable beef production is crucial to the long-term competitiveness of Canada’s beef cattle industry,” said the MacGregor rancher. “Improvements in feed efficiency and shortening the required number of days needed to finish fed cattle reduces the amount of methane and manure produced and resources used per pound of beef. Improvements in forage and grassland productivity lead to several environmental benefits, including increased carbon sequestration, improved wildlife habitat, contributes to biodiversity, helps maintain healthy watersheds, and reduces soil erosion.” Other farm organizations need to follow the association’s lead and
embrace sustainable agriculture before environmental and consumer groups impose unrealistic criteria on them, said Terry Daynard, former managing director of the Ontario Corn Producers’ Association and a veteran industry observer. When it comes to the environment, conventional agriculture has been on the wrong side of public opinion since the release of a pivotal 1987 UN report, authored by former Norwegian prime minister Gro Brundtland, popularized the concept of sustainable agriculture. “The report’s release was followed by an immediate and intense effort to link sustainable development to the largely anti-corporate, anti-technology agendas of many activist groups and marketers of so-called alternative products,” Daynard wrote in his blog at www.tdaynard.com. “Promoters of organic agriculture quickly labelled their industry as sustainable agriculture — ignoring those aspects of organic agriculture in con-
flict with the Brundtland definition — in particular, the essential needs of the world’s poor.” Everything from pesticides and fertilizer to antibiotics and “unnatural” seeds came to be viewed as bad things even though they were critical to the production of large quantities of safe, affordable food, said Daynard. Farmers were so busy producing food, they generally stayed out of the debate, he added. “We also thought we had good environmental initiatives of our own — like Ontario’s Environmental Farm Plans, Farm and Food Care, and others.” That’s not good enough and this is why the cattlemen’s decision to join with environmentalists, retailers and others in their sector is key, he said. Farmers must either become players in such efforts or have standards imposed on them by food retailers and processors, he said. “If we don’t lead, we’ll be led,” said Daynard.
REUTERS Smaller U.S. beef and cattle supplies in 2013 should push prices for both commodities to record highs then, with slaughter-ready cattle likely to trade at $140 to $145 per cwt next spring, Rabobank said in its December quarterly beef report. A drought and record-high feed grain prices caused U.S. cattle producers to shrink herds in 2012, resulting in less beef as well as record-high beef and cattle prices.”To date, consumer demand for beef has held remarkably well. It will be critical to see if consumers stay committed to beef with additional record prices expected in 2013,” the report said. U.S. slaughter-ready cattle traded a record $130 per cwt in March of this year. First-quarter U.S. beef production next year was forecast at 5.84 billion lbs., down seven per cent from a year earlier and second-quarter production was estimated at 6.15 billion lbs., down five per cent, it said. In addition to fewer cattle, Rabobank said high feed costs will have producers selling cattle at lighter weights, which will produce less beef per animal.
Global beef supply
Global beef production in 2013 should be similar to 2012, with increases in Argentina, Australia and Brazil offsetting declines in the United States and Europe. Australia’s beef production is seen up two per cent next year, Argentina’s up four per cent, and Brazil’s up three per cent. “On the demand side of the equation, the broader picture points to another year of relatively weak consumption on the back of a still sluggish economy, as world GDP is expected to grow only slightly in 2013,” Rabobank analyst Guilherme Melo said in a statement. Beef companies in North America and Europe may have a difficult time passing on the higher cattle costs to consumers, the report said, while South American beef exports may be tested by political and economic changes in their Middle East and North Africa markets. Global beef producers may benefit from less poultry as high feed costs should curb that production. “To the extent that this increases poultry prices, it may also benefit the beef industry as the gap between beef and chicken prices narrow and possibly shifts demand towards beef,” Rabobank said.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Robins eager to embark on Nuffield-funded world tour Brix pitch bags Nuffield scholarship for Rivers-area rancher By Daniel Winters CO-OPERATOR STAFF / BRANDON
ith a $15,000 Nuffield scholarship in hand, C l a y t o n Ro b i n s i s getting ready to pack his bags for a trip of a lifetime. The fourth-generation rancher from Rivers and former Agriculture Canada research technician will take a temporary hiatus from his current job as executive director of 4-H Manitoba this summer to learn more about how Brix testing can be used as a yardstick to measure pasture and forage quality. His 10-week world tour will take him to Argentina, Wales, Ireland and Australia. Brix is a measure of sugar content and it caught Robins’ attention when he attended a lecture by Anibal Pordomingo, an Argentinian grass-fed beef expert. His Brix refractometry data indicated a direct correlation between soluble carbohydrate levels in forages and the productivity of beef cattle on pasture. Robins’ previous research work had focused on fibre analysis of pasture plants in order to determine digestible energy, and he was captivated by Pordomingo’s work, which showed that a low-cost, hand-held tool for measuring sugar content in plant juices could be used to quickly measure plant and soil health. “It was one of those ‘aha’ moments,” said Robins. “It showed a direct, linear link between simple sugar content and gain.” Brix testing could be used to select pasture plants that offer higher levels of sugars for longer periods, and to monitor the effects of grazing systems on forage quality with the aim of extending the grazing season and displacing the need for costly feedlot rations in finishing beef, he said. A s p a r t o f h i s s c h o l a rship, Robins must write and present a 10,000-word report e x p l a i n i n g h i s findings at a Nu f f i e l d c o n v e n t i o n i n November 2014. “I want to pull in information about the economics and hopefully the energetic effects of these systems in terms of energy in and energy out, because energy is going to be a big issue in the future,” said Robins. But because Brix test results are a “moving target” largely dependent on the time of day, cloud cover, stand maturity and a host of other factors, Robins said he intends to include studies of digesti b l e f i b re c o m p o n e n t s i n his search for ways to grow “dense energy forages” on the Prairies. The sugar content of crops and its role in grain production has been explored for many years, but the practice is still relatively new to the realm of forages, he added. “I want to go out and find the stuff that hasn’t been published,” said Robins. “It’s a matter of compiling it all and putting it into one really good story.”
“It’s an amazing opportunity. I feel like I’m a part of something way bigger than I could have ever imagined.”
Nuffield scholarships are awarded to non-academic, forward-thinking people from Commonwealth countries to encourage them to travel internationally and share the knowledge gained with their fellow farmers and communities. “It’s an amazing opportunity. I feel like I’m a part of something way bigger than I could have ever imagined,” said Robins, adding that the 1,300 Nuffield Scholars around the world represent a living network of
individuals who are ready to share information — and couch space for visiting fellow scholars — long after their own trips are over. Nuffield scholarships, which are offered to persons from ages 25 to 45, are one of the Canadian farming communities “best-kept secrets,” and something 4-H members and future farm leaders should look into, he said. email@example.com
Thanks to a $15,000 Nuffield scholarship, Clayton Robins, a rancher from Rivers and former technician at the Brandon research farm will head off on a globespanning tour to learn more about Brix testing of forages.
Indonesia to ban most poultry imports from Australia JAKARTA / REUTERS / Indonesia plans to ban most poultry imports from Australia after an outbreak of a highly pathogenic bird flu virus there in November. Australia’s first outbreak in 15 years should be contained by a cull of 50,000 chickens, authorities said in November, although they do not know what caused the case at an egg farm in New South Wales state. An Indonesian official said the ban will last until the outbreak is over. The H7 strain is highly pathogenic to birds but is not related to the H5N1 strain, which was first detected in 1997 in Hong Kong and has since caused hundreds of human deaths.
PHOTO: DANIEL WINTERS
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Redwater — severity can vary by area Liver flukes are a problem in some areas of Manitoba, making vaccination even more important Roy Lewis, DVM Beef 911
n talking with other veterinarians it is amazing to me how variable the prevalence of a specific disease can be between geographic areas. We always think of the huge difference between warm climates and colder, more temperate climates. Sometimes these differences can be as close as a one-hour drive in the same province. This becomes critical when cattle are transported over large distances such as moving to summer pastures. Producers should have a good working relationship with the veterinarians in both regions as certain large differences may exist with regards to animal health. I will use the big difference in the clostridial diseases, more specifically bacillary hemoglobinuria (redwater), as a way to illustrate this point. Redwater will most often cause a sudden death due to toxins produced by the bacteria and occurs primarily in the summer and autumn pasture seasons. It has been reported commonly in cattle and also is prevalent in game-farmed animals such as bison and elk in the endemic areas. It is less common in sheep. Its spread is commonly by water systems through flooding or drainage. Movement of contaminated
hay has been incriminated and carrier animals such as coyotes may spread it from predating on carcasses killed by the disease. It is best to burn or bury the carcasses deep if redwater is suspected. Have your veterinarian perform an autopsy on sudden deaths or check an animal clinically if the urine is red. There are several diseases causing red urine which we must differentiate as each problem carries a different treatment regime. Clostridium hemolyticum is often the last fraction in the blackleg vaccines, which is added into a seven-way vaccine to make it an eight-way vaccine. In areas where it is prevalent routine vaccinations at six-month intervals may even be necessary for prevention. The toxin causes red blood cells to burst, which is why you get hemoglobin contained in the red blood cells showing up as a red-coloured urine, hence the name redwater. In some cases, if caught early, treatment in the form of large doses of penicillin may prove successful. Most often the only sign is sudden death and an autopsy will hopefully confirm what you are dealing with. Certain areas in Alberta, e sp e ci al l y i n we s t- c en t ra l Alberta, can have a high incidence and on infected farms death losses can vary from five to 20 per cent if susceptible cattle are not protected. These areas have large tracts where cattle are pastured from
Exporters must deal with zero tolerance for ractopamine
other areas. These cattle may not be protected if coming from areas where redwater is not a problem. We, in our area for instance (Westlock, Alta.), have only seen very sporadic cases in the last several years although the incidence is increasing somewhat.
Our standard recommendation is to use a nine-way vaccine (covexin-plus) because we do see tetanus as well especially with banding calves. Tetanus incidence will increase with the use of banders for castration or the use of dirty needles for vaccinating. Our protocol is to typically have all cattle vaccinated two times for feedlot animals and three times for replacement heifers by the time they are bred. This will give a very long immunity for most clostridial diseases. This, however, is not the case for redwater. In areas where redwater is prevalent, cattle, bison and elk must be vaccinated at least yearly, and if a real problem with specific herds twice yearly. Ideally the shot should be given two to three weeks before the maximum exposure occurs. Otherwise deaths will most definitely be experienced. This is a huge difference in protocols and if one is moving cattle great distances a very important fact to know. Some cattle are then vaccinated with seven-way vaccine and have absolutely zero protection against redwater. In
Most often the only sign is sudden death and an autopsy will hopefully confirm what you are dealing with.
other areas of the province we see every six-month vaccination with a vaccine protective against redwater necessary to maintain protection. If one reads the labels of these vaccines carefully, it is clearly stated, if a problem with redwater exists at least annual vaccination is recommended. It also states, if a problem exists, up to twice-yearly vaccination may be necessary. The good news is most producers can work this into their management schemes and process when other things are administered. If vaccines for the reproductive diseases are given in the spring, a multivalent clostridial vaccine containing hemolyticum can be administered at the same time. This is very cheap insurance as the clostridial vaccines are the cheapest vaccines on the market.
Another issue, which predisposes cattle to redwater, is liver flukes. If liver flukes have been a problem in your area, as they currently are in specific regions of Manitoba, make sure their clostridium
Shippers must do their own monitoring WINNIPEG / REUTERS
anada is not developing new tests for the feed additive ractopamine in beef and pork exports to Russia, says Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz. He said Ottawa is leaving it to shippers to take their own steps to satisfy the new Russian requirement for zero residue. The Canada Pork International marketing group said the Canadian Food Inspection Agency has provided meat processors with testing guidelines. However, a spokesman said the government is only making exporters aware of Russia’s requirements. Brazil recently issued a temporary ban on ractopamine and other beta blockers that promote muscle growth in animals such as pigs and cattle because it fears being shut out of its largest beef importer, Russia. The ban will be in effect until a segregation system can be set up for beef and pork destined for markets where ractopamine is banned.
Seed Hawk, Sectional Control and SCT are registered trademarks and ™ SCT Savings Simulator is a trademark of Seed Hawk Inc. 12029 10.12
hemolyticum (redwater) vaccines are up to date. The liver flukes live in and damage the liver making the likelihood of contracting the disease that much greater. This is again an example of specific areas having a condition, which increases the likelihood of another disease increasing. There are numerous other examples where local geography, climate or soil type can lead to an increase in certain disease conditions, nutritional deficiencies, parasitic infestations or poisonous plants. It is absolutely imperative when moving cattle to new areas you are not familiar with to find out from the local practitioners or the producers what the common diseases or problems are. On m a n y o c c a s i o n s yo u may be surprised at the vast differences which exist between geographic regions. Who better to ask than local people with this local knowledge? Roy Lewis is a large-animal veterinarian practising at the Westlock Veterinary Centre. His main interests are bovine reproduction and herd health.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
LIVESTOCK AUCTION RESULTS Weight Category
No. on offer
Over 1,000 lbs.
No. on offer
Fleshy Export Cows
Lean Export Cows
* includes slaughter market
(Note all prices in CDN$ per cwt. These prices also generally represent the top one-third of sales reported by the auction yard.)
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Cargill invests in India’s foodprocessing boom By Ratnajyoti Dutta NEW DELHI /REUTERS
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Cargill, the U.S. agribusiness giant, is investing in India’s burgeoning processed food sector with a $73-million corn-milling unit, the head of its India operation said. India’s 1.2 billion population is eating increasing amounts of packaged and processed foods, using the financial benefits of an economy growing at nearly six per cent to try western staples from McDonald’s to Knorr packet soups. “We aim to start a cornmilling unit with a daily 800 to 1,000 tonnes processing capacity by 2014,” Siraj Chaudhry, chairman of Cargill India, told reporters Dec. 18. The company, a bellwether of world commodity markets, is acquiring land at Davangere in Karnataka, the top corn-producing state in India, Asia’s second-largest grower of the grain behind China. India harvested 21.6 million tonnes in the year to June 30, 2012, just short of the record 21.7 million tonnes in the previous year. Domestic consumption runs at 17 million to 18 million tonnes a year. Cargill also aims to increase its existing cooking oil refining capacities in the three plants that it runs in the world’s top importer of vegetable oils.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Dutch law will ban mink farming by 2024 Humane Society International is calling on Canada to do the same reuters/staff / montreal
H A mink looks out of its cage at a fur farm near the town of Kalinkovichi, some 220 km (137 miles) southeast of Minsk, Belarus, one of the countries in which mink farming continues. Photo: REUTERS/Vasily Fedosenko
umane Society International-Canada is calling on the Canadian government to phase out fur farming following a decision by the Netherlands to end the practice by 2024. “Right now, the Canadian codes of practice for minks and
foxes are being reviewed, and it is clear that fur farming is causing immense suffering to animals,” said Rebecca Aldworth, executive director of HSI-Canada. “The Dutch Senate has recognized that it is morally wrong to confine animals in small, wire cages to be killed for their fur. HSI-Canada is calling on the Canadian government to follow the example of the Netherlands and prohibit outright the farming of animals for their fur.” The Dutch Senate on Dec. 18 passed a ban on mink farming in the Netherlands, the world’s third-largest producer of the animal fur, in a ruling that will phase out the industry by 2024. The bill, tabled by both the Labour Party and the Socialist Party, was passed by a majority of lawmakers in a vote of 46 to 29, according to a statement on the Senate website. The Dutch outlawed the breeding of foxes and chinchillas for their fur in 2008. The mink ban was passed by the lower house of parliament earlier this year. “This significant decision will prevent the suffering of millions of fur-bearing animals in the future,” Joanna Swabe, Humane Society International’s EU director, said in a statement. “It is truly inspiring that the majority of the Dutch Senate has not allowed economics to prevail over ethics, recognizing that it is unacceptable and cruel to keep animals in small, wire cages to be killed for their fur.” The Netherlands accounted for roughly nine per cent of the global mink market in 2011, Kopenhagen Fur Auctions said, trailing leaders Denmark and China, which jointly make up slightly more than half. Around 200 Dutch mink companies produced 4.9 million furs in 2011, compared to 15 million in Denmark and 13.5 million in China, Kopenhagen Fur Auctions said. Dutch mink breeders will be compensated by the government for investments made in their businesses. The global fur trade was worth about $14 billion in 2010, up from $8.2 billion in 2000, according to the International Fur Trade Federation. Humane Society International says that in the last decade, the Dutch mink-farming industry has expanded exponentially with production growing from three million to an estimated six million mink pelts per year. In Canada, an estimated 2.6 million minks and foxes are confined annually on fur farms. Fur farming has also been banned across the United Kingdom on ethical grounds since 2003, and Austria and Croatia have introduced similar prohibitions.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
CROPS H USB A N DRY — T H E SC I E NC E , SK I L L OR A RT OF FA R M I NG
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Is it time to rethink your phosphorus management? A changing rotation is leaving many fields at risk of deficiency
By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR
armers may need to rethink their phosphorus management due to the dramatic shift in Manitoba acres towards canola and soybeans at the expense of cereals, an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada researcher says. Cynthia Grant, a soil management and fertility specialist with the Brandon Research Centre told the Manitoba Agronomy Conference farmers are growing more crops that deplete phosphorus (P) in their rotations. They need to consider how to replace it to avoid depleting soil reserves. “Historically our P fertilizer inputs and our P fertilizer removal was pretty well balanced in Manitoba and that was because people would put on more P with a cereal crop and maybe put on less with the canola and through the rotation things balanced off quite well,” Grant said. “But things have changed over the past few years, because if you look at our crop rotations now we are seeing a big increase in canola and soybeans and there is a decrease in cereals. So we are growing more of those crops that deplete the P and moving away from crops that were building P in the rotation.” Phosphorus is critical for the energy and growth functions of plants from rooting, tillering and early flowering through to seed production and uniform ripening. Unlike nitrogen (N) fertilizer, P fertilizer isn’t very mobile in the soil. N is highly soluble and moves through the soil solution to plant roots via
transpiration and mass flow. P on the other hand moves primarily by diffusion and the concentration of P remains very close to the fertilizer granule. This means that P has to be placed in the seed row or side banded to make sure that it contacts the plant roots early in the season, when it is critical to help plants establish. Canola and soybeans are both heavy users of P, but the seedlings can’t survive heavy applications in the seed row. Grant presented a chart showing the P removal rates of different crops and the recommended safe limits for seed-placed P fertilizer. If
the removal rate is higher than the amount applied, a deficit is created. In the case of wheat, barley and oats, the safe rates of seed-placed P were high enough to create P surpluses in the soil. However, with canola, soybeans and peas, recommended P fertilizer rates created a significant deficit and was not sufficient to meet the needs of the plant. She said it’s important to balance the P needs of different crops throughout the entire rotation. If only sensitive crops are grown in rotation, soil P reserves can be seriously depleted over time. The addition of cereal crops to the rotation allows the opportunity to increase
AAFC’s Cythia Grant says phosphorus management needs to be tailored to the different needs of crops in the farm’s rotation. PHOTO: ANGELA LOVELL
the amount of P applied for those crops and help make up the deficit created by the sensitive crops. It’s generally accepted that P becomes less available over time and that less than 30 per cent of the actual P is used in the year of application. As long as the remaining 70 per cent isn’t lost through run-off or erosion, the P does become available to subsequent crops. “The P in the soil solution will react with calcium or magnesium or iron and aluminum and will very quickly become less soluble,” said Grant. “It’s a natural reaction that shifts the equilibrium towards the formation of these very insoluble compounds. But during the growing season the plant removes P from the soil solution and reshifts the equilibrium the other way and replenishes the solution to supply P to the growing plant during the growing season. So the previous years’ P applications can remain in that labile pool and are still plant available.” Several long-term studies of cropping systems have shown that 80 per cent to 100 per cent of the P applied can be recovered over time. That leftover P can play an important role in a P management strategy. An eight-year study showed that after cropping with wheat and flax for eight years, soil available P was maintained at high levels after a single application rate of MAP anywhere from 200 kg/ha to 400 kg/ha. Although these are application rates that are higher than most farmers are comfortable with, a useful alternative is manure, which is an excellent source of P.
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
UN declared 2013 International Year of the Quinoa Old-world “pseudo-cereal” can play an important role in food security, UN declaration says By Lorraine Stevenson
Quinoa’s significant nutritional quality and drought tolerance made it the successful contender for the UN declaration. “As we face the challenge of feeding the world population in a context of climate change, quinoa offers an alternative for those countries suffering from food insecurity,” said FAO director general José Graziano da Silva in a UN news release. The UN’s aim, in focusing world attention on the old-world crop, is towards achieving internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals, the UN release also said. Cu l t i v a t e d c o n t i n u o u s l y since 3000 BC in the Andean Highlands, it is grown across South America from Columbia to Chile and Argentina, with
food” and considered to be among the most nutritious grains in the world due to its protein content. Fa r m e r s w i l l r e c o g n i z e another plant that looks just like it — amaranth — which they call pigweed. Like amaranth, quinoa is actually a “pseudo-cereal” and member of the grass family with many small seeds collected as grain. As a chenopod, quinoa is closely related to species such as beets, spinach and tumbleweeds. Also like its weedy relative, it produces huge volumes of viable seed. A single quinoa plant produces so many seeds that just 10 plants can seed a hectare, according to Top 100 Food Plants, a culinary crop guide by agriculture Canada research scientist Ernest Small.
t’s a highly nutritious grain and a cool-climate crop that could have played a more important role feeding a hungry world, had rice, wheat and corn not predominated. But in 2013 quinoa, (pronounced KEEN-wah), dubbed one of the “lost crops of the Incas,” or “poor man’s crop” could begin a comeback after centuries of relative obscurity. The United Nations has declared 2013 International Year of the Quinoa, eyeing it as a highly adaptable food crop with an as yet unrealized potential role to play in world food security. Quinoa (scientific name is Chenopodium Quinoa Willd.), has been dubbed a “super-
major production areas including Columbia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. More recently, it has been grown in the cool, dry climates of Colorado, Oregon, Washington, Sweden, Great Britain and Western Canada. One of the main food crops of South America, interest in consuming quinoa in North America, Europe and Asia picked up in the mid-1970s among those adopting vegetarian or nearvegetarian diets. More recently, as a gluten-free food, quinoa has gained popularity among those who do not eat wheat. Quinoa has a variety of uses in the food, feed, food-processing and other non-food/industrial uses. Quinoa’s nutritional value lies with it being one of very few plant sources that is a complete protein, similar to
Quinoa is mainly grown in South America. PHOTO CREDIT: BARB HOLLAND/ONTARIO HOME ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION
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animal sources, with all the essential amino acids required by the body. Quinoa is also a good source of magnesium and phosphorus and contains folate and iron. Its agronomic value is that it is fairly drought tolerant as well as suited to cooler climates. A major study on quinoa was done by staff with Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development (AAFRD) in 2005 to investigate the market, technical, agronomic and economic feasibilities of producing quinoa in that province. At the time Bolivia and Ecuador were increasing production and developing both domestic and export markets for quinoa. The study concluded that traditional quinoa markets, while small, would be viable with agronomic support provided to growers in Western Canada.
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Keen on quinoa? Growers wanted From the high Andes to the Canadian Prairies, quinoa could be the next little seed to hit the province By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF
nce a largely obscure Andean seed, quinoa has made in-roads into Canadian pantries, but is having difficulty taking root on Canadian farms. “Right now we don’t really turn down any interested growers, the challenge is still getting enough interested growers,” said Michael Dutcheshen, general manager of Saskatoon-based Northern Quinoa Corporation, a processor and distributer of organic and non-organic quinoa. In 2011 the company contracted three Manitoba farms as quinoa suppliers, two organic and one conventional, but hot weather hampered the crop. Kroeker Farms in Winkler planted 70 acres. “It was a bust,” said assistant farm manager Marvin Dyck. “We
“It’s a very nutritious grain... you could pretty much live on just quinoa.” Gary Martens
had a really good stand, an excellent stand, but what happened was a record number of days in our area over 30°.” The result was heat sterilization of the plants and a failure to produce seeds. “I think that it’s a good opportunity, but I believe for our area it’s too susceptible to heat stress,” Dyck said. The bulk of Northern Quinoa’s supply comes from operations in Saskatchewan, and while there has been some discussion
about expanding into Alberta, that move hasn’t happened yet. The company supplies its growers with a variety of seed specially suited to the Canadian Prairies, but says most of its growers are north of Highway 16. Dutcheshen said the crop needs cooler conditions, but it also needs to be given some priority. “If you treat it as something that you might just try out for a year on a bit of land that’s poor, that isn’t your best... it’s not going to work very well,” he said. Having been grown in the high plateaus of South America for 3,000 years, where it had little competition, this relative of lamb’s quarters or pigweed, beets and spinach doesn’t handle weeds well, said Dutcheshen. “It needs to be on clean land and have lots of nitrogen,” he stressed. Average yield is around 1,000
pounds per acre, although Dutcheshen said some growers have achieved yields as high as 2,000 pounds per acre. Northern Quinoa pays 60 cents and 90 cents per pound for conventional and organic quinoa respectively. But with the familiar crops of canola and wheat doing well, selling the idea of quinoa to growers isn’t always easy. Gary Martens teaches at the University of Manitoba’s department of plant sciences and believes more farmers would dedicate acres to quinoa if the crop had a more established value chain. “(Farmers) are more interested in production than they are interested in marketing,” he said. “It would be nice if some giant company would put this into their breakfast cereal.” But the tiny, ancient grain has a lot going for it, so much so that
the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization has named 2013 the International Year of Quinoa. Martens notes it’s also the organization’s go-to food for famine relief. “Quinoa has every animo acid we need in the right proportions,” he said. “It’s a very nutritious grain... you could pretty much live on just quinoa.” Some preparation is required to get the grain to market. “We have a washing procedure for the quinoa,” said Dutcheshen, explaining the seed has a bitter coating to protect it against birds and animals looking for a tasty meal. While it may be awhile before Manitobans see fields of six- or seven-foot-tall quinoa flowering along provincial highways, Dutcheshen is confident that quinoa’s time is coming. firstname.lastname@example.org
Seven Manitoba projects supported Staff / Seven rural Manitoba groups are among those receiving $80,000 through FCC’s AgriSpirit Fund next year. FCC is donating a total of $1 million to 90 rural community groups across Canada for various capital projects that will help improve quality of life for residents. Now in its ninth year, the FCC AgriSpirit Fund awards rural community groups between $5,000 and $25,000 for community improvement projects such as recreation and community centres, libraries and emergency services training facilities. The fund supports muchneeded projects and celebrates the people responsible for making a positive difference in the lives of those around them. To receive funding, selected groups must meet specific criteria prior to implementing their projects, which must be finalized before December, 2014. Nationally, 1,079 applications were received for FCC AgriSpirit funding, a clear indication that people in rural Canada are passionate about their communities, and are doing their part to ensure they continue to thrive, FCC says in a release. The seven Manitoba recipients are: the City of Morden, Arborg-Bifrost Parks and Recreation Commission, Neepawa Theatre Cente Inc., Grandview School Parent Advisory Council, Baldur Community Development Association, Killarney Agricultural Society, and Hartney.
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Manitoba farmers need their own plan for soybean fertility What works in the U.S. doesn’t necessarily apply in Manitoba By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR
University of Minnesota researcher Gyles Randall says soybean fertility management isn’t one size fits all. PHOTO: ANGELA LOVELL
ertility management f o r s o y b e a n s i s n’t a o n e - s i ze - f i t s - a l l s o l u tion. Fertilizer management decisions are often specific to soils, local growing conditions and factors such as the price of inputs, high soybean prices, as well as other crops in the rotation. Dr. Gyles Randall of the Un i v e r s i t y o f M i n n e s o t a recently shared some insights at the Manitoba Agronomists Conference in Winnipeg into what influences soybean fertilizer management in the U.S. Corn Belt, where soybeans generally follow corn in the rotation. While U.S. rotations are different from Manitoba, where producers are more likely to grow soybeans after wheat or canola, what’s important to bear in mind when making decisions about fertility management in soybeans is the probability of yield response, Randall said as he summarized data from several studies over the past 40 years. “Is that probability of yield response three times in 20 or is it 15 times in 20?” he says “That makes a difference and
when you start looking at lots of pieces of data it gives you that opportunity to say, is this a highly probable response or a low or in-between probability?”
Soybeans are a legume which fix most of their needed nitrogen (N) from the air, so in areas where soybean production has been long established, such as Minnesota, inoculation of soybean seed is not recommended. But in Ma n i t o b a , w h e re s oy b e a n p r o d u c t i o n i s f a i r l y n e w, inoculation is necessary until N-fixing rhizobium bacteria populations reach sufficient levels. Although N fertilizer is not generally recommended f o r s oy b e a n s i n t h e U . S . , some studies have shown a response to N fertilizer under certain conditions, such as soils with low organic matter. Studies in northern areas of Minnesota, which had low organic matter soils showed an eight bu./ac. response in soybean yields to applications of 24 lbs. fertilizer N. “In Manitoba as soybeans become more prominent we can’t close our minds to N Continued on next page »
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
fertilization as being a part of the tool box for successful yield response,” says Randall.
Phosphorus fertilization is often considered to be a “non-issue” in the U.S. Corn Belt where soybeans generally follow corn, a crop that requires large amounts of P, the excess of which then remains available to the following soybean crop. Randall presented data from rotation trials that showed high s oy b e a n y i e l d s c a n n o t b e achieved on low P test soils, even when fertilizer P is applied at higher rates. In the first eight years of the trials, corn was grown cont i n u o u s l y ; s oy b e a n s w e re added in the ninth year and then rotated with corn every other year for the next three years. Over the 12 years, P treatments of zero, 50 lbs./ac. and 100 lbs./ac. were applied annually as a broadcast treatment and then one treatment a p p l i e d 1 5 0 l b s. / a c. o n c e every three years. The study found that yield responses in the triennial P applications were comparable to those where 50 lbs. or 100 lbs. of P were applied every y e a r, d e m o n s t r a t i n g t h a t residual P met the needs of subsequent crops. The study also determined that broadcasting of P in the previous corn crop gave the greatest probability of high yields in the following soybean crop. Very little seedplaced or starter P fertilizer is used in the U.S. because
of concerns about seedling injury and because soybeans following corn in the rotation provide adequate soil test P even in the early spring. Manitoba soils are generally colder and more alkaline, so P fertilization is necessary, especially during the early stages of plant growth when soil P is not as available and plant roots have not developed sufficiently to access P reserves in the soil. Seed-placed or side-banded P fertilizer is usually recommended for Manitoba conditions, but application rates are generally low due to the risk of seedling injury in the sensitive soybean crop. This means that in Manitoba rotations which include soybeans a n d o t h e r s e n s i t i ve c ro p s such as canola, soil P can be depleted over time, and there is a need to look at replacement strategies to maintain the P levels necessary to target optimum yields in either of these sensitive crops.
The potassium, sulphur and zinc needs of soybeans are generally met by the soil, but iron-deficiency chlorosis has been a recurr ing problem in Minnesota and is common in high-pH soils. Studies have shown significant yield responses with foliar applications of iron chelate products, as well as promisi n g re s u l t s f ro m c o m p a n ion seeding a crop like oats, to decrease nitrate levels in the soil, prior to seeding soybeans, but neither have been widely adopted as production practices. The planting of iron-tolerant or -resistant
varieties remains the favoured way to avoid iron deficiencies.
Mineral nutrition effects of glyphosate
There has also been some discussion in published literature about the role of glyphosateresistant traits on the mineral nutrition of glyphosate-tolerant crops, including soybeans. Some studies have suggested that glyphosate immobilizes critical micronutrients such as iron, manganese and zinc that help plants resist disease. Randall quoted from a paper recently published in the Journal of Agri Food Chemistry, the authors of which had conducted an exhaustive review of literature available on this topic. The paper concludes: “Although there is conflicting literature on the effects of glyphosate on mineral nutrition in glyphosate-resistant (GR) crops most of the literature indicates the mineral nutrition of GR crops or crop diseases are not affected by either the GR trait or by application of glyphosate. Yield data of GR crops do not support the hypothesis that there are substantive mineral nutrition or disease problems that are specific to GR crops.” Again, says Randall, it’s about probability. “Some pieces of information indicate there might be a micronutrient effect of glyphosate but the wide body of knowledge says that there is no effect, so as we look at the probability of this, the probability would say, ‘don’t worry about it.’” Science may agree to disagree about some aspects of soybean production, but one thing is certain; fertilizer management is critical.
Sprouting, moisture tolerances changed The Canadian Grain Commission has increased the sprouting tolerances for Canada Western Amber durum. The tolerance for No. 1 CWAD as of Aug. 1, 2013 increases from .1 per cent to .2 per cent and for No. 2, from .2 per cent to .4 per cent. The moisture specifications for food barley will be lowered Aug. 1. from 14.8 per cent in both the covered and hulless barley. The new specifications are 13.5 per cent for covered food barley and 14 per cent for hulless.
Funds for forage marketing The Canadian Forage and Grassland Association (CFGA) is getting $51,000 from the federal government to pursue marketing and communications activities that increase the competitiveness of the Canadian forage industry. The CFGA will develop promotion and information packages for international buyers, prepare market development display materials, and participate in international trade shows. “With opportunities for Canadian forage products expanding worldwide, there is an increasing need for the CFGA to work on the development of these markets,” said CFGA executive director Wayne Digby. “With the support of the AgriMarketing Program, we are able to zero in on priority markets and really make a difference.”
CWB maintains price forecast for wheat and barley, lowers canola REUTERS / CWB has left most values for wheat, durum and malting barley unchanged in its 2012-13 harvest pool in its latest forecast. But it’s dropped its canola harvest pool value by $20 per tonne. Early pool Harvest pool Grade/protein 30-Nov 25-Oct 30-Nov 25-Oct 1 CWRS wheat 12.5 1 CWAD durum 12.5 Select CW 2-row barley 1 Canola
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Rural Germany faces steep decline Small towns in the former East Germany greying amid alarming rate of decline By Daniel Winters co-operator staff
Houses, schools and buildings lay in a state of decay and abandonment in the former east Germany amid a steady demographic decline that experts predict will halve the country’s rural population by 2050. photos: submitted by Peter Dehne
“There is a doctor shortage, health care is getting more difficult, schools must be closed, churches have less church members, and bus routes are closing down.” Peter Dehne
s farms get larger and land more expensive, young people from small towns are packing up and moving to the big cities in search of career opportunities. With a shrinking tax base, funding for the provision of services dries up, schools are shuttered, shops close, and doctors flee for greener pastures. Sound familiar? It should. If you’re from rural Germany. Europe’s economic powerhouse — with an average population density of 230 people per square kilometre (versus Canada’s 3.4) — is nevertheless struggling with many of the same issues as the Great White North. Peter Dehne, a visiting professor from the University of Neubrandenburg, gave a presentation entitled “Boomtown and Schrumpfdorf side by side” at Brandon University’s Rural Development Institute in midOctober. In a later email interview, he outlined some of the commonalities of both countries that he discovered after touring rural areas in Canada this past summer. Many smaller communities, particularly in the former East Germany, are faced with a “downward spiral.” It’s not because of isolation or dist a n c e. Wi t h a p o p u l a t i o n of 81 million in an area onetwenty-eighth the size of Canada, larger centres are within a 30-minute drive no matter where you live. Even so, in many small towns one in 10 houses lays empty, and in some towns hundreds of apartments are unoccupied. The main problem is the fact that fewer babies are being born every year. Dehne said that demographers predict Germany’s population will decline by 10 to 18 per cent by 2050. In some regions in East Germany, it’s expected the population in 2030 will be half what it was in 1990 because of a rural exodus to the cities.
It becomes a downward spiral, said Dehne. “There is a doctor shortage, health care is getting more difficult, schools must be closed, churches have less church members, and bus routes are closing down,” said Dehne. “With that the quality of life gets worse. The disparities between the rural regions and the great cities are more and more increasing.” In Canada, immigration is touted as the solution to rural depopulation, but in Germany, where over the centuries countless wars were fought to repel foreign invaders, that solution is a hard sell. Immigration, at 250,000 per year, contributes up to twothirds of Canada’s population growth, but in 2008 and 2009, Germany had more outmigration than immigration. “ We’ve got a shortage of workers and employees all over Germany. There is a lack even in rural, economically weak regions,” said Dehne. “However, the social environment for immigration is difficult in small-town Germany. We don’t have that tradition and history of immigration like you have in Canada. I think it will be much more difficult to integrate immigrants in German municipalities.” At Dehne’s university, half of the agricultural graduates go back to their parents’ farm to work, and half go on to work for agribusiness ventures. In the east, many large farms are operated as co-operatives or corporations with many employees overseen by a manager. Farmland prices in Germany have tripled in the past decade, and land in Dehne’s area in the northeast sells for 15,000 euros per hectare (C$7,700 per acre). “Mainly external investment companies are buying whole farms,” said Dehne. “They see farmland and farms as a good investment. But that seems to be a global phenomenon as well which is not always good for farming, food production and the rural regions.” email@example.com
MCGA, MPGA, NSAC and Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives presents the
February 6th & 7th, 2013 Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave, Winnipeg Speakers will present agronomic and marketing topics on Corn, Edible Beans, Soybeans and Sunﬂowers as well as the 2013 Annual General Meetings for MCGA, MPGA and NSAC. Tradeshow both days, with 75+ booths on display. For more information on the agenda, tradeshow, parking and hotel accommodations, visit
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING Monday, Jan. 14th, 2013 @ 9:00 a.m. (CST) Canad Inns, Roadhouse Room 1125 – 18th Street, Brandon, MB. 9:00 a.m. 9:45 a.m. 10:00 a.m. 10:15 a.m. 10:45 a.m. 11:00 a.m. 11:30 p.m.
Registration Welcome - Eric Fridfinnson, Chair, MFGA; Erwin Hanley, Saskatchewan Flax Development Commission; William Hill, President, Flax Council of Canada; Anastasia Kubinec, Oilseed Specialist, MAFRI; Simon Potter, Product Innovation Sector Manager Western Grains Research Foundation;
12:00 p.m. 1:00 p.m. 1:45 p.m. 2:30 p.m. 3:00 p.m. 3:30 p.m. 4:00 p.m. 4:15 p.m.
Lunch Annual Business Meeting William Hill, President, Flax Council of Canada Dr. Scott Duguid, AAFC, Morden Research Station Dr. Santosh Kumar, AAFC, Cereal Research Centre Eric Liu, Business Development Specialist Closing Remarks - Eric Fridfinnson, Chair; Adjournment.
The Manitoba Co-Operator | January 3, 2013
COUNTRY CROSSROADS CON N EC T I NG RU R A L FA M I L I E S
Sleepless in Manitoba? Winter workshops can help
January workshops focus on improving sleep for better health THINKSTOCK
By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF
u m a n s a r e n’t l i k e a bear who simply sleeps through the darkest hours of winter. But chronic lack of sleep can make us as irritable as one. Statistics Canada says about 3.3 million Canadians over age 15 have some sort of sleep disorder that is affecting our physical or mental health. Stress can ruin sleep. And when our sleep is poor we feel more stress. Manitoba’s Farm and Rural Support Services staff routinely hear about that vicious cycle from callers who report farming is a high-stress business that keeps the mind racing into the night after a long workday that entails irregular hours. Off-farm jobs only contribute to the problem. Lack of sleep can be contributing to those angry, irritable feelings, or that sense of being unable to concentrate, says Janet Smith, manager of Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services (FRSS). “Farmers are really shift workers,” she said. “Their sleep patterns are constantly disrupted.” Smith said callers describe problems falling or staying asleep. “They’ll say they have a h a rd t i m e s hutting their minds down,” she said. “And
when they’re tossing and turning at night and waking up, it makes it difficult for the couple to get a good night’s sleep. It impacts them both.” Sleep apnea and restless leg syndrome are other frequently described disorders.
Sleepless in Manitoba
A series of workshops planned for later this month is geared specifically to the needs of farmers and other types of shift workers. The FRSS is bringing in internationally renowned sleep expert Dr. Carlyle Smith, based at Trent University in Peterborough to talk about sleep and how to get more of it. Smith grew up near Oak Lake, which gives him a keen sense of what rural Manitobans face. “He’s super knowledgeable and very down to earth,” she said, adding that he’ll not only talk about sleep and sleep disorders, but speak from a personal understanding of farm life, offering practical suggestions for improving sleep in the midst of its erratic pace. He’ll also talk about practical ways to improve sleep, including how to “gear down” at day’s end.
We know in our weary bones that restful, restorative sleep is key to good mental and physical health. But stud-
ies also show sleep deprivation negatively affects decision-making and memory, slows down reaction times a n d d e c re a s e s a b i l i t y t o concentrate. We owe it to ourselves to get better sleep because we spend a lot of time doing it. “We spend more time sleeping than any other single activity,” says Dr. Smith, adding that poor sleep results not only in decreased mental and physical health but a shorter lifespan and a lower quality of life. “We should be spending a lot more time finding out how to sleep well and how to remedy poor sleep,” he said. And while some think taking a sleeping pill is that remedy, he stresses otherwise. “Sleeping pills are a temporary form of relief, not a cure,” he said. “Over the long haul they may even make insomnia worse.” Better health for farmers results in improved productivity, points out farm stress expert Gerry Friesen, who will co-facilitate the workshops. If you can’t sleep you can’t concentrate, and if you can’t concentrate, work demands can become overwhelming, he said. Plus, you’re at a higher risk of having an accident. And that’s not merely a coffee shop story from someone who fell asleep at the wheel, woke up in a ditch and lived to tell about it.
U.S. studies analyzing the occurrence of injury among machinery operators working excessive hours, show sleep deprivation increases risk of an injury anywhere from twoto twentyfold.
“We spend more time sleeping than any other single activity. We should be spending a lot more time finding out how to sleep well and how to remedy poor sleep. DR. CARLYLE SMITH
Fa r m e r s e v i d e n t l y k n ow they’re not getting enough shut-eye. Workshops hosted by the Saskatoon Farm Stress Line have been packed, said Sm i t h , a n d t h a t’s w h a t’s prompted them to bring the workshops here. “There is so much interest and so much need to have this issue addressed,” she said. Saskatoon is home base for the Agricultural Health and Safety Network (AHSN) which in 2010 released the documentary DVD — “Sleepless in Saskatchewan” — with sleep
experts and Saskatchewan farm families talking about how lack of quality sleep affects their health and safety. They also talk about how tough it is to get sleep when farm work demands are high. Geared to farmers, these workshops aim to address that very specific need. Others who’ll benefit would be those doing any other kind of shift work, such as health-care professionals, or anyone who is impacted by sleep issues. “We’ve had many spouses sign up together, because sleep affects the whole family,” adds Janet Smith. Dubbed Sleepless in Manitoba — Making Sleep Work for You, two Brandon workshops will be held on January 14, 7 to 9 p.m. (MAFRI GO office 1129 Queens Ave.) and at Ag Days on January 15, 1 to 2 p.m. The Brandon workshops are free of charge. Full-day (10 a.m. to 4 p.m.) workshops will also be held in Dauphin on January 16, Neepawa Januar y 17, Beausejour January 18, and Morden January 19. Price for the full-day workshops is $20 which includes lunch. For more information or to register call the Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services at 204-571-4183 (toll free 1-866367-3276) or visit www.rura; support.ca. firstname.lastname@example.org
The Manitoba Co-Operator | January 3, 2013
Send your recipes or recipe request to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO or email: email@example.com
A new food for a NEW YEAR Lorraine Stevenson Crossroads Recipe Swap
f you haven’t heard of quinoa (pronounced KEEN-wa) you’ll definitely hear more about it this year. 2013 is a new beginning for this very old, gluten-free ancient grain, which actually isn’t even a grain. It’s a seed, grown, harvested and eaten for centuries in an Andean-origin diet. The United Nations has declared this year International Year of the Quinoa because of its exceptional nutritional qualities, and its potential to help combat hunger and malnutrition worldwide. Here in North America non-meat eaters tend to be the most likely to consume quinoa, including it in their diets because its protein is the same as what’s found in animal sources such as poultry, fish and red meat. More Canadians are starting to eat and enjoy it, thanks to a new recipe book The Vegetarian’s Complete Quinoa Cookbook published in 2012 by the Ontario Home Economists Association. Mairlyn Smith — a name women who attend the Manitoba Farm Women’s Conference will recognize — is the Torontobased professional home economist who edited the cookbook. Mairlyn is also author of Healthy Starts Here and a popular guest speaker and commentator on healthy cooking and eating. She brought a great deal of personal knowledge of quinoa to the project. She began eating quinoa when she became vegetarian in her early adult life and continued to enjoy it even after reintroducing meat to her diet in her later life. Fifty-eight home economists and rising PHEc Ontario students created and submitted the recipes for The Vegetarian’s Complete Quinoa Cookbook. The book also explains everything you need to know about different types of quinoa as well as selecting and cooking them. It takes time for any new food to catch on. The intent of this cookbook was to help make that happen, says Mairlyn. This is a cookbook that she hopes encourages more to familiarize with it, and learn to cook and prepare it with ease. A common mistake among newcomers to quinoa is to cook it by boiling it and draining off the excess water, she notes. If you do, you send all the good B vitamins in quinoa down the drain. Instead, it should be cooked in just enough liquid to absorb it while cooking, so use one portion of uncooked quinoa to two portions of liquid. There’s also some confusion she hopes the book clears up around different brands and different amounts of cooking time, with some specifying eight to 10 minutes, others
15 to 20 minutes. Shorter cooking times simply mean the quinoa is a type that has had its outer layer removed much the way barley is “polished” to become a pearl barley. All the recipes in The Vegetarian’s Complete Quinoa Cookbook use a type of quinoa that takes 15 to 20 minutes to cook — it’s the most nutritious because it hasn’t had its outer coat polished off. If you’re confused about how long to cook it, look for the word “unpolished” on labels. White, red and black quinoa as well as quinoa flakes and flour are now sold in select grocery, health and bulk food stores. It’s exciting to know quinoa will get special attention in 2013, said the home economist. Quinoa can play an important role in maintaining a healthy diet especially as people eat less meat. Many are doing so already. “People are not adopting vegetarian diet per se, but they’re putting more meatless meals into their week,” she said. Given quinoa’s ease to prepare, its nutritional quality and the fact it’s mild tasting, she’s prepared to assert that quinoa will be no fad. It could become a much bigger part of our daily diet one day, says Mairlyn. “In my personal opinion, I really think this is going to take over rice,” she said.
You will have to search for quinoa outside larger centres. Ask for it from your local grocery, of course, but you should be able to find it in the nearest health food or bulk food stores near you. When you find it, here’s a delicious recipe to try selected from The Vegetarian’s Complete Quinoa Cookbook. The cookbook contains eight chapters carrying recipes for breakfasts, quick and yeast breads, soups, salads, side and main dishes, baked goodies and desserts made with quinoa.
Happy New Year to all recipe column readers. If you have a recipe or a column suggestion... Write to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794 Carman, Man. R0G 0J0 or email Lorraine Stevenson at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mexi Meatless Shepherd’s Pie This great family-friendly casserole is a variation on a traditional shepherd’s pie. Serve with a tossed green salad and you are in the zone — the healthy zone! 2 lbs. sweet potatoes, scrubbed well and pierced all over with a fork 1 tbsp. canola oil 1 onion, chopped 1 red pepper, diced 2 cloves garlic, minced 2 tsp. ground cumin 1 can (19 oz./540 ml) black beans, no salt added, well rinsed and drained 1 c. cooked quinoa made with water 1 c. frozen corn, no need to thaw 1 c. mild or medium salsa, deli style 1⁄4 c. light sour cream 1⁄4 c. finely chopped cilantro 1⁄4 tsp. freshly ground black pepper 1⁄4 c. thinly sliced green onion or cilantro for garnish
Preheat the oven to 350 F. Bake the sweet potatoes for 60 minutes, or until tender. Alternatively, microwave on high for eight to 12 minutes. Cool until easy to handle. Lightly grease an eight-cup baking dish with canola oil or line with wet parchment paper. Set aside. In a large soup pot or Dutch oven, heat the oil over medium heat. Add the onion, red pepper, garlic and cumin. Cook — stirring often, for five to seven minutes. Stir in the black beans, cooked quinoa, corn and salsa until well combined. Remove from heat. Pour into the prepared pan. If you used a microwave to cook the sweet potatoes, at this point preheat the oven to 350 F. Meanwhile, cut the cooled sweet potatoes in half and scrape out the flesh. Discard the skins. Mash the sweet potato well with the sour cream. Stir in the cilantro. Season with pepper, if desired. For a rustic look, spoon the sweet potato mixture over the quinoa mixture in heaping teaspoonfuls. (If you like more conformity, spoon on and spread out.) Bake for 30 minutes, or until heated through and bubbly. Sprinkle top of the casserole with green onion or cilantro (if using) to garnish. Makes 6 cups. (one serving as 1-1/2 c.) Nutrition per serving: 413 calories, 6 g total fat, 1 g saturated fat, 2 mg cholesterol, 75 g carbohydrates, 24 g sugars, 13 g fibre, 13 g protein, 544 mg sodium, excellent source of vitamins A and C. Recipe courtesy of The Vegetarian’s Complete Quinoa Cookbook. This recipe was created by Amy Snider-Whitson, PHEc, president of the Ontario Home Economists Association.
The Manitoba Co-Operator | January 3, 2013
hat’s it for the Mayans then I guess,” said Andrew Jackson resignedly folding his newspaper and laying it on the table next to his plate. “December 21st of 2012 came and went and the only thing that ended was the Mayan calendar.” Rose looked up from her own reading. “At least the doomsday prophets will be happy,” she said. “They will?” said Andrew. “Why? They were wrong again weren’t they?” “Of course, but if a doomsday prophet ever turns out to be right, there won’t be any more work for doomsday prophets,” said Rose. “They’ll all have to apply for unemployment and retraining subsidies and start new careers.” “Wow,” said Andrew. “I wonder what kind of career a former doomsday prophet would be suited for?” Rose pondered that for a second. “Director of the Canadian Wheat Board maybe,” she said. Andrew nodded. “Same basic skill set at least,” he agreed. “Speaking of calendars,” said Rose, looking at the tattered old specimen hanging on the kitchen wall, “ours still says 2012.” “Ah yes,” said Andrew. “We’re just living in the past. That’s what people do when they get old.” “Speak for yourself,” said Rose. “I am not old.” “Maybe not,” said Andrew, “but you are older.” “Older than who?” said Rose. “Older than you were last year,” said Andrew. “Well, so is everybody else,” said Rose. There was a brief pause. “You want to know what my resolution is for 2013?” said Andrew. Rose shrugged. “Not really,” she said. “My resolution for 2013 is to have more resolution in 2013,” said Andrew. Rose thought about that for a minute. “That’s silly,” she said. “That’s like saying you’re going to make the farm more profitable in 2013 by making more money in 2013.” “Wow,” said Andrew. “Are you psychic or something?” “Yes actually,” said Rose. “Why do you ask?” “Because that’s my second resolution for 2013!” said Andrew. “To make the farm more profitable by making more money!” “You’re the worst resolution maker ever,” said Rose. “Your resolutions don’t make any sense.”
Jacksons BY ROLLIN PENNER
“Making more money always makes sense,” said Andrew. “Your New Year’s resolution should be to make better New Year’s resolutions,” said Rose. “You’d be killing two birds with one stone.” Andrew raised a quizzical eyebrow. “How’s that?” he wanted to know. “Because you’d be making a New Year’s resolution, and keeping it at the same time,” said Rose. Andrew thought about that for a long time. “I think I get it,” he said eventually. “Because making a New Year’s resolution to make better New Year’s resolutions would be better than the New Year’s resolutions I usually make. Whoa, I think I just blew my mind.” “Don’t worry about it,” said Rose. “You don’t use it that much anymore.”
“True enough,” said Andrew. “That’s one of the perks of being old. I don’t have to think that much, because almost everything I think, I’ve already thought before. Now all I have to do is remember.” He paused. “Of course that gets more difficult every day.” “Well, my memory is fine,” said Rose. “Short term and long term. I remember people I met 15 years ago, and I remember what I had for breakfast.” “Everybody remembers what they had for breakfast,” said Andrew. “At breakfast your brain is still empty, so there’s room for breakfast in there. “Well, I remember everything,” said Rose. “Except for…” she paused, searching her mind. “I seem to be losing all my…” she paused again. “Your faculties?” said Andrew. Rose shook her head. “Your socks?” said Andrew. “My nouns,” said Rose. “The nouns are gone. I can’t remember what things are called. Like, I want to ask Jennifer to bring me the…” she paused again...”what’s that thing called you use to open cans?” she said. “Screwdriver,” said Andrew. “Right,” said Rose. “OK, what’s that thing called I use to open cans?” “Can opener,” said Andrew. “Yes,” said Rose. “I want to ask Jenn to bring me the can opener and I can’t remember what it’s called so I have to ask her to bring me that thing I use to open cans. It’s annoying.” “You should just use a screwdriver,” said Andrew. “It’s easier to remember.” “Yeah, maybe,” said Rose. “But if I asked Jenn to get me a screwdriver she’d ask me if I wanted a Philippians or a Rochester, and then I’d have to remember that.” “You mean Phillips or Robertson,” said Andrew. “You see what I mean?” said Rose. “You don’t need nouns anyway,” said Andrew, “because I can read your mind. All you have to do, if you have a can that needs opening, is give me that look you have, and I’ll bring you a screwdriver. No nouns required.” Rose smiled. “That’s why I’m glad you’re my…” she paused…”my guy I’m married to,” she concluded. Andrew grinned. “Ditto,” he said.
Planning a winter getaway? Minimize damage to houseplants during your absence By Albert Parsons FREELANCE CONTRIBUTOR
ome people who have extensive indoor plant collections like to take holidays in the sun during our long, cold winters. Leaving houseplants unattended for any length of time can be risky; I have sometimes returned from a winter holiday to find a few dead plants and others a little worse for wear after a lengthy absence. There are steps that you can take, however, to help minimize the damage your indoor plants will suffer during your absence. Just before you leave, water all plants thoroughly. Place pots on saucers and water plants enough that some accumulates in the saucers as a reserve, that will be taken up by the plants during the first week or so of your absence. Leaving any more water in the saucers might do more harm than good as the planting medium will be overly wet for too long. Remove plants from locations where they dry out quickly, such as on window ledges where they get direct sun or receive heat from a nearby heat register.
Ensure, however, that the plants will receive adequate light so that lack of light doesn’t cause them to deteriorate. Turn the thermostat down to a cooler setting; that way the plants will require less moisture. Place plants (with accompanying saucers) that you fear will dry out most quickly on pebble trays to increase the moisture around their foliage. Better yet, place several plants together on one large pebble tray — grouping plants close together will also increase the humidity around the foliage, which will prevent the plants from drying out as quickly as they would if situated alone. ( You don’t need to use pebbles in a so-called pebble tray; use anything that will keep the bottoms of the pots above the water in the tray.) Create a temporary greenhouse for a plant that likes lots of moisture by placing stakes in the pot and enclosing it inside a plastic bag — the stakes will keep the plastic from touching the foliage. Be sure such an arrangement is not in direct sun. These precautions should keep most of your plants alive
Group plants together that have similar watering requirements.
during an absence of no more than three weeks. For a longer time, have someone come in to water periodically, making sure to give clear instructions about how you want the watering done. The person will find the task easier if you group plants according to care required. For example, place cacti together on one table with a “no watering” sign — cacti can go for weeks during the winter without being watered. Large foliage plants
PHOTO: ALBERT PARSONS
in good-size pots will need to be watered less frequently than plants in smaller pots. Provide a water ing container such as a watering can or large measuring cup and leave instructions about how much water each plant should receive. This is particularly important for large plants, plants displayed in watertight jardinières, and hanging plants that may not have drainage holes in their containers.
If you have a plant that is irreplaceable — perhaps it is rare or has great sentimental value — ask a friend to keep the plant at his/her house during your absence to ensure its survival. With careful planning, you can have the best of both worlds — a sunny winter vacation and a healthy indoor garden. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba
The Manitoba Co-Operator | January 3, 2013
Quilt till you Wilt Well over 100 masterpieces at Hamiota’s annual show By Darrell Nesbitt Freelance contributor
eople enjoy quilts for many different reasons. They can provide clues to the past; warmth, beauty and value; and enjoyment in the form of colour, texture and pattern. Quilts also unleash artistic talents of new and experienced artisans, as was showcased at the 2012 Hamiota Quilt till you Wilt’s late-November annual show at the community hall, titled “Fifty Shades.” On display were well over 100 quilts of all shapes and sizes including 35 full bed quilts. Guests also had the opportunity to view table runners, bags, doll blankets, napkins, pillowcases, and baby quilts. “We hold a show annually, so family and friends can see the work,” said Rosalie Beamish, one of 20 club members from the communities of Hamiota, Shoal Lake, and Bradwardine. “Although we have a few executive members, we don’t take
ourselves too seriously and feel the club is geared more to fun and fellowship than promoting the highest standards of workmanship and design in both traditional and innovative work.” What the members do promote, however, is a greater u n d e r s t a n d i n g , a p p re c i a tion and knowledge of the art and techniques of quilting, through the yearly showcase that also includes a variety of demonstrations. Beamish said the group meets Monday nights, 7 p.m. to 10 p.m., from Labour Day to the May long weekend. “Along with quilting projects, it’s great to get together and brainstorm from time to time, as was the case when club member Bessie Stewart’s aprons made for her granddaughters, inspired fellow members to create aprons of their own,” said Beamish, who can be reached at 204-764-2108, should anyone wish to become involved. “Bags are also becoming popular, with a number of quilted designs used in everyday living.”
At one show in 2011, the group sold Connie Bags in memory of longtime member Connie Steinburg, who passed away from cancer. With money raised, the club framed a picture donated by her family entitled “Reflections.” As well, the club purchased a makeup mirror, and both will be put in the Hamiota Health Centre Chemo Unit. The local quilters involved appreciated the support shown to their project. Quilters are incredibly giving and sharing — of their time, talents, and gifts. With charity quilting they provide the comforting warmth and softness of a quilt, and the special significance of a gift made with love. It is therefore no surprise that there are many non-profit organizations that have been established for the sole purpose of providing handmade quilts for individuals and families in need of comfort. Over the centuries, the quilting bee was one of the most popular ways for women to get together socially. It was a time of working,
The Back 40, quilted by Yolande Ranson, was among the artwork featured. by COURTESY PHOTO
laughing, and gossip — a way to catch up on the goings-on in the community. Today, some quilters follow the craft in conventional form for leisure time or because it represents a tradition they find emotionally significant. Others have found in quilt making an artistic medium with which to create new styles and techniques. The history of North America can be seen in quilts — in the
rich heritage left us by those thrifty, self-sufficient women who helped settle this land, in the families whose history is sewn into quilts one patch at a time, and in the legacy of the quilting arts passed on to children and grandchildren so they may carry them forward to the future. Darrell Nesbitt writes from Shoal Lake, Manitoba
Newly discovered effects of vitamin D on cancer Can it slow the progression of cells from premalignant to malignant? McGill University release
team of researchers at McGill University has discovered a molecular basis for the potential cancer preventive effects of vitamin D. The team, led by McGill professors John White and David Goltzman, of the faculty of medicine’s department of physiology, discovered that the active form of vitamin D acts by several mechanisms to inhibit both the production and function of the protein cMYC. cMYC drives cell division and is active at elevated
levels in more than half of all cancers. Their results are published in the latest edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Although vitamin D can be obtained from limited dietary sources and directly from exposure to the sun during the spring and summer months, the combination of poor dietary intake and sun avoidance has created vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency in large proportions of many populations worldwide. It is known that vitamin D has a wide range of physiological effects
and that correlations exist between insufficient amounts of vitamin D and an increased incidence of a number of cancers. These correlations are particularly strong for cancers of the digestive tract, including colon cancer, and certain forms of leukemia. “For years, my lab has been dedicated to studying the molecular mechanisms of vitamin D in human cancer cells, particularly its role in stopping their proliferation,” said White. “We discovered that vitamin D controls both the rate of production
and the degradation of cMYC. More importantly, we found that vitamin D strongly stimulates the production of a natural antagonist of cMYC called MXD1, essentially shutting down cMYC function.” The team also applied vitamin D to the skin of mice and observed a drop in the level of cMYC and found evidence of a decrease in its function. Moreover, other mice, which lacked the specific receptor for vitamin D, were found to have strongly elevated levels of cMYC in a number of tissues including skin and the lining of the colon.
“Taken together, our results show that vitamin D puts the brakes on cMYC function, suggesting that it may slow the progression of cells from premalignant to malignant states and keep their proliferation in check. We hope that our research will encourage people to maintain adequate vitamin D supplementation,” said White. This work was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the National Cancer Institute/Canadian Cancer Society Research Institute.
Wishing you a great 2013 from Country Crossroads If you have any stories, ideas, photos or a comment on what you’d like to see on these pages, send it to: Country Crossroads, 1666 Dublin Ave., Wpg., Man. R3H 0H1, Phone 1-800-782-0794, Fax 204-944-5562, Email email@example.com. I’d love to hear from you. Please remember we can no longer return material, articles, poems or pictures. — Sue
The start of a new year! PHOTO: GLENDA HOFER
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
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Expiry Date: Signature: _______________________________________________ Published by Farm Business Communications, 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 WINNIPEG OFFICE Manitoba Co-operator 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 Toll-Free in Canada 1-800-782-0794 Phone 204-954-1415 in Winnipeg FAX 204-954-1422 Mailing Address: Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.
SELLING WELL ESTABLISHED FEEDLOT Cleaning Business in South Central MB included in sale, 2 vertical beater spreaders, rubber tracked skidsteer, including customer list. Reason for selling pursuing other interests. Phone (204)466-2818 or (204)871-2787.
Swan River Minitonas Durban
BUSINESS SERVICES Crop Consulting
We also specialize in: Crop Insurance appeals; Chemical drift; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equipment malfunction; Yield comparisons, Plus Private Investigations of any nature. With our assistance the majority of our clients have received compensation previously denied. Back-Track Investigations investigates, documents your loss and assists in settling your claim. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For more information Please call 1-866-882-4779
Pilot Mound Crystal City
Lac du Bonnet
FARM CHEMICAL SEED COMPLAINTS
Ste. Rose du Lac Russell
Morris Winkler Morden
AUCTION SALES AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD. Estate & Moving Sale. Sat., Jan 12 @ 10:00a.m. Stonewall #12 Patterson Dr. LARGE AUCTION. Crafts 8HP 26’ Snowblower; Lawn Mower; Elec Wood Splitter; Many Prof. Carpentry Tools; Table Saw/Auto Feed; Band Saw; Planer; Jointer; Wood Lathe; Drill Parts; 3000W Generator; Upright Air Comp.; Welders; Acetylene Torches; Power Tools; Hand Tools; Shop Access & Supply; Antique Furniture; Oak Buffet; Eastlake Hall Stand; Glassware; China; Lamps; Alladin Railway; Toys; Deep Freeze; Fridge; Stove; Stacking Washer & Dryer; Teak DR Suite; LR Suite; Growing List on Web. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027. www.mcsherryauction.com
FARM MACHINERY FARM MACHINERY Grain Bins BIG BINS & FLOORS at old prices, 20,000-56,000bu. bins holding prices until spring. NEW MOISTURE CABLES! Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.
AUTO & TRANSPORT
CUSTOM BIN MOVING Book now! Fert Tanks. Hopper Bins/flat. Buy/Sell. Call Tim (204)362-7103 or E-mail Requests email@example.com
AUTO & TRANSPORT Auto & Truck Parts
SUKUP GRAIN BINS Heavy Duty, hopper or flat bottom, setup available. Early order discount pricing now in effect. Call for more info (204)998-9915
REMANUFACTURED DSL ENGINES: GM 6.5L $4,750 installed; Ford/IH 7.3L $4950 installed; GM Duramax/Ford 6.0L, $8,500 installed; new 6.5L engines $6500; 24V 5.9L Cummins, $7,500 installed; other new/used & reman. engines available, can ship or install. Thickett Engine Rebuilding, 204-532-2187, Binscarth. 8:00am-5:30pm Mon.-Fri.
WANTED: NEW OR USED grain bin hoppers, w/ or w/o skids, w/ or w/o bins. Phone (204)655-3458 pls lvg message.
AUTO & TRANSPORT Trucks BUCKET TRUCK 32-FT Sale- Trade, good working order. (204)726-1760.
FARM MACHINERY Grain Cleaners WANTED: GRAVITY TABLE IN good condition, 400 Kip Kelly or larger capacity, or equivalent. Phone (204)655-3458 pls lvg message.
FARM MACHINERY Grain Dryers
AUTO & TRANSPORT Vehicles Various
NEW SUKUP GRAIN DRYERS w/canola screens, 1 or 3PH, LP or NG. Efficient & easy to operate. Early Order discount pricing now in effect. (204)998-9915
OVER 200 VEHICLES LOTS OF DIESELS www.thoens.com Chrysler Dodge (800)667-4414 Wynyard, Sk.
NEW MC DRYERS IN STOCK w/canola screens 300-2,000 BPH units. Why buy used, when you get new fuel efficient & better quality & control w/MC. Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.
BUILDING & RENOVATIONS BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Roofing
PRICE TO CLEAR!! 75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from. B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2
Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2 Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.
Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW
FOUILLARD STEEL SUPPLIES LTD. ST. LAZARE, MB. 1-800-510-3303
BUILDINGS AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website: www.postframebuilding.com Agassiz Homes. Custom RTM home builder. 2013 spec home available in spring! Manitoba New Home Warranty member. (204)371-8985; firstname.lastname@example.org
FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Various
Rebuild combine table augers Rebuild hydraulic cylinders Roller mills regrooved MFWD housings rebuilt Steel and aluminum welding Machine Shop Service Line boreing and welding
Penno’s Machining & Mfg. Ltd.
FARM MACHINERY Loaders & Dozers
2008 CASE-IH 2588 combine w/2015 PU, 476 sep hrs, 594 engine hrs, Pro 600 monitor, y/m, rice tires, hopper topper, shedded, heavy soil machine, $170,000 open to offers. (204)735-2886, (204)981-5366.
Combine ACCessories FARM MACHINERY Combine – Accessories
SKIDSTEERS BOBCAT 530, $4,900; Mustang 332, $4,500; Gehl 6625, $12,900; Snowblowers VType 3-PH, $250; Homemade 3 Auger, $1,000; 8-ft. Single Auger, $800; Lorentz 8-ft. $1,700; McKee 7ft., $1,400; Front Blade Leon 12-ft., $3,000; 10-ft. $2,000; JD 9-ft., $2,500; Breaking Disc 12-ft. Kewannee, $18,000; Weigh Wagon Auger, $2,500; 150-bu. Feeder Cart, $750; 12-ft. Feed Body, $1,500; Harsh Feed Cart, $6,000; ROORDA Feed Cart, $2,000. Phone (204)857-8403.
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Wanted WANTED: 18.4X34 TIRES FOR a tractor; Hammermill. Phone:(204)278-3299 WANTED: DEGELMAN 3000, any condition; Sunflower HD tandem disc. Phone (204)768-0324.
Tillage & Seeding FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Air Drills
FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories
FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Seeding
Harvest Salvage Co. Ltd.
FOR SALE: 2004 JD 1790 CCS planter, 24 row, 20-in spacing, will sell with or without options. Call for more details:(204)325-6237.
1-866-729-9876 5150 Richmond Ave. East BRANDON, MB. www.harvestsalvage.ca New, Used & Re-man. Parts
Tractors Combines Swathers
1-800-667-9871 • Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 • Edmonton “For All Your Farm Parts”
www.fyfeparts.com The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.
WATROUS SALVAGE WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444
NEW & USED TRACTOR PARTS NEW COMBINE PARTS Large Inventory of new and remanufactured parts
STEINBACH, MB. Ph. 326-2443 Toll-Free 1-800-881-7727 Fax (204) 326-5878 Web site: farmparts.ca E-mail: email@example.com FARM MACHINERY Salvage GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB.
JD 610 AIR SEEDER 41-ft., harrows Haukaas markers c/w flexicoil air cart, 3 tanks, 2320 model, good working condition, $17,000 OBO. Phone (204)792-4257, Oakbank, MB.
FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Tillage
JD 61-FT, 2410 DEEP tiller w/harrows 2 yrs old, like new; Summers 60-ft. deep tiller w/ or w/o anhydrous unit & hitch. Call Ron (204)626-3283 or 1-855-272-5070.
TRACKMAN TRACKS FOR STX450 Quad, brand new, $7,500 each. 2 used scraper tracks for STX450, no rips or tears, $4,500 each. (204)871-0925
FARM MACHINERY Tractors – John Deere 2003 JD 7420 (135 Eng HP 115 PTO HP) CAH, MFWD, 16-SPD Trans w/LH reverser, 3-PTH w/quick hitch, 540/1000 PTO, Frt Fenders, 18.4x38, 16.9x26, rear WTS, 6,342-hrs., JD 741 Loader, 7ft. bucket, joystick. (SN10748) $69,500. Call Gary Reimer (204)326-7000, Reimer Farm Equipment located #12 Hwy N, Steinbach, MB www.reimerfarmequipment.com FOR SALE: 7610 MFWD, PQ, LHR, 3-pt, 4,600 OMG hrs, w/740 S/L FEL, Grapple, Mint; 2, 4650 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3-pt, fact duals; 2, 4455 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3-pt w/280 FEL; 2, 4450 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3 pt; 4250 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3-pt; 4055 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3-pt; 2555 MFWD, 3-pt. All tractors can be sold w/new or used loaders. MITCH’S TRACTOR SALES LTD Box 418 St. Claude, MB R0G 1Z0 Phone: (204)750-2459 bale
FARM MACHINERY Tractors – 2 Wheel Drive STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.
SELLING FAST - BOOK NOW Don’t be disappointed!
DELUXE WOOD & WATER OUTDOOR FURNACES CSA APPROVED
This is not a misprint!! FC30HD Unit plus accessories
Mastercard, Visa &Interac available Introductory Doorcrasher Special
You receive base pump, rad hose, insulation, fittings, rust inhibitor PLUS our FC30HD (can heat 1 building) WOOD WATER FURNACE Some claim this is “North America’s Hottest Deal!”
Friesen Built Inc. 1-866-388-4004
IRON & STEEL FREE STANDING CORRAL PANELS, Feeders & Alley ways, 30ft or order to size. Oil Field Pipe: 1.3, 1.6, 1.9, 1 7/8, 2-in, 2 3/8, 2 7/8, 3 1/2. Sucker Rod: 3/4, 7/8, 1. Casing Pipes: 4-9inch. Sold by the piece or semi load lots. For special pricing call Art (204)685-2628 or cell (204)856-3440. FULL LINE OF COLORED & galvanized roofing, siding & accessories, structural steel, tubing, plate, angles, flats, rounds etc. Phone:1-800-510-3303, Fouillard Steel Supplies Ltd, St Lazare. Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.
FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Various FOR SALE: 9680 FORD/VERS, 8,600-hrs, 20.8-42 Michelin tires; JD 7800 MFWD tractor, 5,600-hrs, 14.9-46 tires, Hub duals. (701)265-2221, Hamilton, ND.
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous 1983 VERS 4400 SWATHER 20-ft. w/cab & air, good condition, asking $2,900. Phone (204)685-2206, MacGregor.
FOR SALE: DRILL STEM 2 & 3-inch. Contact Jack at (204)841-4045.
SELLING NEVIN SEEDS, a well established bird seed company, included in sale are all bagging & packaging equip, bins, etc. as well as business contacts. Reason for selling: semi-retiring. Phone:(204)763-4470 or (204)761-3931.
HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595 firstname.lastname@example.org www.arcfab.ca
FOR SALE: NEW GX 630 20-HP Honda engine, electric start, oil alert, 1-in. shaft, retail price $2,370 per engine, make an offer; 1998 Ford LX 4x4WD 1/2-Ton, 144,280-kms, safety, 4.2 engine, price asking $5,490 OBO; New 1,250-gal Equinox water tanks available. (204)823-1559.
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous
Factory Direct Outlet
CASE IH 140-HP 5088, 3-PTH, FEL, cab & A/C, very good rubber, $17,000. Phone (204)871-0925.
• Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®
Now available North American wide at prices never seen before
FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Case/IH
The Icynene Insulation System®
2008 7450 EZEE-ON CHISEL plow, 45-ft. w/12-in. spacing, knock-on shovels, VGC, asking $31,000 OBO. Phone (204)248-2268 or (204)745-7557, Notre Dame, MB.
JD 4020 W/CAB, Phone:(204)239-0035.
GREENSTAR 3 AUTOTRAC SYSTEMS for sale, including 2630 touch displays, SF1 & SF2 Autotrac software available c/w Starfire 3000 SF1, SF2 or RTK GPS receivers. Around 1 yr old, like new condition plug & play into Autotrac Ready JD tractors. Call Curtis (204)626-3283.
HEAT & AIR CONDITIONING
FOR SALE: 33-FT FLEXI-COIL 5000 Air Drill w/1720 tank, 9-in spacing. Phone (204)825-2334 or (204)825-7127.
Call our toll-free number to take advantage of our Prepayment Bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and we’ll run your ad 2 more weeks for free. That’s 5 weeks for the price of 3. Call 1-800-782-0794 today!
CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069.
JD MODEL 1050 CULTIVATOR, 61.5-ft, $6,000. Phone:(204)386-2775 or Cell:(204)476-6631. Plumas, MB.
BUHLER ALLIED LOADER MODEL 2895-S w/joystick, bucket & grabel fork, fits 9820 Case IH, loader built for 150-250 HP, $7,500. Phone (204)871-0925.
Check out A & I online parts store www.pennosmachining.com
FARM MACHINERY Combine – Case/IH
TRACTORS FOR PARTS: IHC 1486, 1086, 886, 1066, 966, 1256, 656, 844, 806, 706, 660, 650, 560, 460, 624, 606, 504, 434, 340, 275, 240-4, W9, WD6, W6, W4, H, 340, B-414; CASE 4890, 4690, 2096, 2394, 2390, 2290, 2090, 2470, 1370, 1270, 1175, 1070, 970, 870, 1030, 930, 830, 730, 900, 800, 700, 600, 400, DC4, SC; MF 2745, 1805, 1155, 1135, 1105, 1100, 2675, 1500, 1085, 1080, 65, Super 90, 88, 202, 44, 30; JD 8640, 3140, 6400, 5020, 4020, 3020, 4010, 3010, 710; Cockshutt 1900, 1855, 1850, 1800, 1655, 1650, 560, 80, 40, 30; Oliver 66; White 4-150, 2-105; AC 7060, 7045, 7040, 190XT, 190, 170, WF; Deutz DX130, DX85, 100-06, 90-06, 80-05, 70-06; Volvo 800, 650; Universal 651, 640; Ford 7600, 6000, 5000, Super Major, Major; Belarus 5170, 952, 825, 425, MM 602, U, M5; Vers 700, 555, 145, 118; Steiger 210 Wildcat; Hesston 780. Also have parts for combines, swathers, square & round balers, tillage, press drills, & other misc machinery. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727 or toll free 1-877-858-2728 .
FOR SALE: SHULTE 7-FT front mount snow blower, cylinders included, good condition, $800; Loader arms & cylinders for Leon front-end loader, no mounts, $500. Phone:(204)825-8354 or (204)825-2784.
Eden, MB 204-966-3221 Fax: 204-966-3248
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous
FARM MACHINERY Snowblowers, Plows
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT WANTED TO BUY an excavator, prefer 200-270 JD, Komatsu, Hitachi or Case, prefer 2000-2005, has to have thumb. Phone (204)871-0925.
FARM MACHINERY Salvage
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous
FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus
LIVESTOCK Cattle Various
90 BRED HEIFERS ANGUS, Angus Hereford cross from our own range, calving herd begin calving Feb 20th. Bred to calving ease Black Angus bulls, preg checked, vaccinated. Phone mornings or evenings (204)873-2525, Clearwater.
GEILSER CATTLE CO HAS for sale top quality Black & Red Simm X bred heifers, due to start calving early Apr, bred to easy calving Black & Red Angus bulls. For more info (204)739-3011 or (204)768-3633.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Red Angus
HERD DISPERSAL 38 BLACK heifers, 70 Black cows, 70 Red cows, all bred to Black Angus bulls, start calving March 10th, 2013. John (204)768-0324 Tim (204)768-0671.
LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions
REGULAR SALE Every Friday 9AM
FIRST CATTLE SALE OF 2013 January 11 @ 9:00 am
NEXT SHEEP & GOAT SALE
Wednesday, January 9 @ 1:00 pm Gates Open Mon.-Wed. 8AM-4PM Thurs. 8AM-10PM Friday 8AM-6PM Sat. 8AM-4PM
We Will Buy Cattle Direct On Farm For more information call: 204-694-8328 or Jim Christie 204-771-0753
www.winnipeglivestocksales.com Licence #1122
GRUNTHAL LIVESTOCK AUCTION MART. LTD.
40 BRED COWS FOR sale Simmental & Red Angus cross, all cows bred to Simmental & Red Angus bulls. Bulls let out May 21, 2012. All calves, bulls may be seen & would like to sell all as one package. Call (204)886-0018. F BAR & ASSOCIATES ANGUS bulls for sale. Choose from 20, two yr old & yearling Red & Black Angus bulls. Great genetics, easy-handling, semen tested, delivery avail. Discount if purchased & delivered before Dec 31st. Call for sales list or other details. Inquiries & visitors are welcome. We are located in Eddystone, MB, about 20-mi East of Ste Rose, or 25-mi West of Lake Manitoba Narrows, just off Hwy 68. Call Allen & Merilyn Staheli (204)448-2124, E-mail email@example.com
FOR SALE: PUREBRED CHAROLAIS bulls, 1-1/2 yr olds & yearlings, polled, some red factor, some good for heifers, semen tested in spring, guaranteed & delivered, R & G McDonald Livestock, Sidney MB. Phone:(204)466-2883, cell (204)724-2811.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Holstein Bred Holstein Heffers for Sale; Twenty due in January/February, 2013. Please call; (807)227-2897 for further details.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Limousin
AGENT FOR T.E.A.M. MARKETING
Sales Will Resume:
TRIPLE R LIMOUSIN, HAS bulls for sale for Fall breeding. Also pick out your 2013 Herdsire now. Take delivery next Spring. Red or Black 40+ to pick from. Plus bred Heifers & 4H projects, steers & heifers. Your source for quality Limousin genetics. Call Art (204)685-2628 or (204)856-3440.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Maine-Anjou
Tuesday, January 8, 2013 Regular Cattle Sale with Holstein Calves
Sales Agent for
Livestock Handling Equipment for info regarding products or pricing, please call our office. We also have a line of Agri-blend all natural products for your livestock needs. (protein tubs, blocks, minerals, etc) For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519 MB. Livestock Dealer #1111
FOR SALE: 50 BRED heifers, 50% solid black, 50% solid red, home raised, full herd health program, preg checked Oct 15th, bred to proven calving ease Black Angus bull, due to start calving Jan 20th. Can also supply hay for these cattle. Phone:(204)476-6447, Plumas.
AGASSIZ ANGUS BALMORAL MB, herd reduction of closed herd. 200 Black Angus X Maine-Anjou bred cows, 50 bred heifers. Calving April 1, Pfizer herd health program. Phone:(204)981-6953.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus FOR SALE: 170 BRED Black heifers, bred EI Black Angus, bull clean up, start calving Apr 1st, $1,650, approx 1,150-lbs. Willing to feed til end of Feb 2013 at cost price. Call (204)325-5463.
W + RANCH HAS 40 bred heifers, 1 Iron, Red Simmental + M4 Beef Booster crosses, exposed to M3 Beef Booster bulls July 9th, birth weights of 65-67lbs, full herd health program, $1400. Call Stewart (204)646-2338, RM of St Laurent.
Swine LIVESTOCK Cattle Various
LIVESTOCK Swine For Sale
14 BRED CHAROLAIS SIMM X heifers, bred Red Angus, start calving Mar 1, 2013. A Nickel (204)734-3543.
FOR SALE: BERKSHIRE BOARS & gilds, also Tamworth. Delivery available at cost. Call Troy Collingridge (204)750-1493, (204)379-2004, (204)750-2759 or (204)828-3317.
15-20 PAIRS JULY OCT calves, Red cows, Black calves. Jim Donald (204)546-2220, Grandview. 250 BRED HEIFERS. Blacks, Tans, Reds bred to Red Angus heifer bulls. Herd health program, plus pelvic measure & preg checked, start calving March 20. Your choice $1300. Volume Discount. Jim Abbott (204)745-3884 or cell (204)750-1157 Carman, MB. Bred Heifers for Sale. 175 Black, Red and Tan’s to pick from over half are Black. Full vaccinations, ultrasound safe in calf. Ai’d July 10 exposed til August 30. Bred to easy calving Limousin and Angus black bulls. $1350 (volume discounts) Pipestone, MB (204)854-2510 COMPLETE HERD DISPERSAL 225 Char X Simm cows. 25 Reds & Blacks, exposed to Char bulls June 25th, young herd. Discount prices on larger lots. Phone (204)732-2481, evenings. FOR SALE: 110 700-800-LB yearling steers, Angus, some Galloway crosses, never had grain, antibiotics, or growth hormones. Phone:(204)758-3374.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Simmental
FOR SALE: 20 BRED heifers mostly Black, some Red Bred to Black Angus bull. To start calving mid March, asking, $1,650. Phone (204)379-2408, St Claude.
OPEN RED SIMM HEIFERS, born Jan-Mar 2012, will make excellent replacement females. Boynecrest Stock Farm (204)828-3483 or (204)745-7168.
FOR SALE: 49 SIMMENTAL - Red Angus cross heifers, bred Black & Red Angus, start calving Mar 20. Phone (204)855-2847 or (204)748-7442, Oak Lake.
LIVESTOCK Cattle Various
FOR SALE: 50 BRED heifers, 50% solid black, 50% solid red, home raised, full herd health program, preg checked Oct 15th, bred to proven calving ease Black Angus bull, due to start calving Jan 20th. Can also supply hay for these cattle. Phone:(204)476-6447, Plumas.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Angus
LOOKING FOR SOMEONE TO feed, calve & pasture cows for the 2013 season. Mostly Black Angus cows, starting to calve Apr 15th. Call Darrell (204)937-3719, Roblin, MB.
LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais
from the owners and staff
THE AUCTION MART WILL BE CLOSED OVER THE HOLIDAYS
HERD DISPERSAL OF 40 young cows, Charolais Angus cross & hereford cross bred Charolais, womb exposed May 18, vac program, & Ivomec, includes 6 bred heifers & 13 second calvers, herd avg. under 5-yrs old. (204)638-8502 or (204)648-5186, Dauphin.
10 QUALITY ANGUS HEIFERS, calving Feb-Mar, bred to easy calving Red Angus bull, $1350 firm. Phone:(204)728-7308. 12 BRED COWS START calving mid March asking $1,300. Also 6 bred heifers start calving Apr 1st asking $1,450. All animals are Simm X. Call (204)825-4289. 130 BLACK & 20 Red bred heifers. Composite Cross heifers. Bred to easy calving, AI bulls w/60 day breeding season. Their Brothers sold at Douglas Test Station last Spring. Will fit into any natural program. Price reduced. Guy Johnson (204)448-2101 www.shorelinestockfarm.com
LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted
WANTED: BUTCHER HOGS SOWS AND BOARS FOR EXPORT
P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123
Specialty LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment APOLLO ROLLER MILLS ELECTRIC & TTO, all sizes. Very cost efficient for both grain & cattle prices. 50 years experience to suit your application. “Certainly Worth A Call!” Farmers Premium Equipment. Phone:(204)724-4529. FOR SALE: DRILL STEM 2 & 3-inch. Contact Jack at (204)841-4045. HEAVY BUILT CATTLE FEEDERS/TROUGHS 3/8-in. steel, 500 or 750-gal capacity, 4-ft.x18-ft. size, good for any type of feed or water, lifetime quality, $495 & up. Phone (204)362-0780, Morden.
FOR SALE: 80 RED Angus cross heifers bred Black Angus to start calving Apr 15th. Phone (204)748-7829 or (204)748-3889.
KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763.
FOR SALE: HOMEGROWN, RANCH raised bred Black Angus heifers & second calvers. Mark Taylor (204)529-2059 or (204)245-0536. Call our toll-free number to take advantage of our Prepayment Bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and we’ll run your ad 2 more weeks for free. That’s 5 weeks for the price of 3. Call 1-800-782-0794 today!
NEW IDEA MANURE SPREADER Model 3743 430-bu., used very little, always shedded; Peerless Portable Roller Mill (P500) tank capacity 97-bu., always shedded. Phone (204)825-2309. Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifed section. 1-800-782-0794.
MISCELLANEOUS FOR SALE
1000 Litre Plastic Caged Storage Tanks $74.50 ea. Call Ken 204-794-8383 #2 Mountain View Rd Winnipeg, MB
Trux-N-Parts Salvage Inc. MUSICAL MARSHALL STACK, $650; Deluxe Banjo, $899; Sigma Guitars, $295-$730; Wireless Mics, $50-$259; Electric Auto Harp, $399; German Violin $399; Electric Guitars, $99.95-$650; Amplifiers $50-$1,200; Student Guitars $79.95; Drums, Cymbals $399; Large Variety of Student & Pro Instruments & Accessories. Hildebrand Music Portage La Prairie Mall (204)857-3172.
PERSONAL LIFE IS MEANT TO be shared! Look forward to someone special in 2013. CANDLELIGHT MATCHMAKERS can help. Confidential, Photos & Profiles to selected matches, affordable, local. Serving MB, SK, NW Ontario. Call/Write for info: Box 212, Roland, MB, R0G 1T0, (204)343-2475.
PETS PETS & SUPPLIES REG AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD PUPPIES For Sale, vet checked, dewormed, 1st vaccination, ready to go Jan 28th, $450. (204)367-8945. REG MAREMMA FEMALE PUPPY For Sale vet checked, dewormed, 1st vaccination, micro chipped, ready to go Dec 27th, $750. (204)367-8945
REAL ESTATE REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Manitoba FARM FOR SALE - 150AC grainland, woodside area. Phone William G Browning Realty Gladstone:(204)385-2630. FARM SPECIALIST: COUNT ON GRANT TWEED, informed, professional assistance for sellers & buyers. www.granttweed.com Call (204)761-6884 anytime. Service with integrity.
REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted GOOD QUALITY GRAIN & Cattle Farms wanted for Canadian & Overseas Clients. For a confidential meeting to discuss the possible sale of your farm or to talk about what is involved, telephone Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 www.homelifepro.com or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753, www.homelifepro.com Home Professional Realty Inc.
Is your ag equipment search more Is your ag equipment search more like a needle in a haystack search? like a needle in a haystack search?
R E V O OV,0E0R0 3 4 43,000 PIECES OF AG PEIEQCUEIPSMOEFNATG! EQUIPMENT!
Find it fast at Find it fast at
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
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REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted
REAL ESTATE Land For Rent
WANTED: GRAIN & LIVESTOCK farms for both foreign & domestic buyers. Receiving calls weekly from buyers looking to farm & invest. Considering selling? Now is the time to discuss all options. Professional service & confidentiality guaranteed. Contact Rick Taylor:(204)867-7551, Homelife Home Professional Realty. www.homelifepro.com
GOOD PRODUCTIVE FARM LAND to rent in the Yorkton, SK area. For more info contact Harry Sheppard, Sutton Group- Results Realty, Regina, SK. (306)530-8035, firstname.lastname@example.org
REAL ESTATE Land For Sale ALLEN M.LAMB of Eriksdale, MB intends to sell private lands: SE32-21-06W NE32-21-06W NW28-21-06W NE20-21-06W to BENJAMIN W.KINKEAD who intends to acquire the following Crown lands: NE29-21-06W NW29-21-06W SE29-21-06W SW29-21-06W. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this purchaser, please write to: Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB. R0J 1E0 or Fax:(204)867-6578.
ELIAS SCALES “NO WEIGH LIKE IT”
RECREATIONAL VEHICLES RECREATIONAL VEHICLES Snowmobiles BLOWOUT SNOWMOBILE, HELMETS ETC.! Snow, MC, ATV, scooters & mopeds. Canadian 981 Main St. Phone:(204)582-4130. WANTED: A TRACK FOR 1977 or 1978 JD Spitfire snowmobile. Phone:(204)483-2274 or (204)523-4877.
LARGE, APX. 2,000-AC, HIGH-PRODUCING Newdale clay loam soil farm, North of Brandon. Phone:(204)856-3140 or Office:(204)885-5500. Royal LaPage Alliance. Buying or Selling? Farm Specialist Henry Kuhl.
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THE FOLLOWING PRIVATE LAND is being offered for sale: E1/2 31-29-16W, N1/2 7-30-16W, SW7-30-16W, SW20-30-16W, SE17-30-16W. The following Crown lands have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Rural Initiatives for transfer to the purchaser of the private lands listed as these lands are part of the ranch unit held by Blain Johnson of Winnipegosis, MB: NW31-29-16W, NW32-29-16W, SW32-29-16W, SE06-30-16W, NW29-29-16W, NE30-29-16W LS 16, NE12-30-17W FR EX Road Plan No.2377 DLTO subject to MHYD easement, SE12-30-17W, SE29-30-16W, NE29-30-16W FR, NE06-30-16W, SW17-30-16W FR EX Road Plan Nos. 2184 & 2377 & 2999 DLTO, NW17-30-16W EX Road Plan Nos. 2184 & 2999 DLTO subject to MHYD easement, NE17-30-16W EX Road Plan Nos. 2184 & 2999 DLTO, SW21-30-16W EX Road Plan No 2999 DLTO, SE20-30-16W EX LS 2 & Road Plan No. 2999 DLTO, NW03-30-16w, SW03-30-16W, SE04-30-16W, SW04-30-16W. If you wish to purchase the private land & apply for the Unit Transfer, contact the Lessee Blain Johnson at Box 488, Winnipegosis, MB R0L 2G0. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this Unit Transfer, write the Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB R0J 1E0; or Fax:(204)867-6578. If the public objects during the 30 day advertising period to the inclusion of the Crown Lands as part of the unit, they will have the right to appeal my descion to the Agricultural Crown Land Appeals Board.
Hopper Feeders w/Scale, 3pt., trk. mt. or trailer, hyd. motor or electric
306-445-2111 NORTH BATTLEFORD, SK. www.eliasscales.com
BuyUsed Used Oil Oil ••Buy NOTRE •• Buy Buy Batteries Batteries DAME ••Collect CollectUsed Used Filters Filters • Collect Oil Containers • Collect Oil Containers USED • Antifreeze OIL & Southern,Southern Eastern, and Manitoba Western Western FILTER Manitoba DEPOT Tel: 204-248-2110
PEDIGREED SEED PEDIGREED SEED Cereal – Various DURAND SEEDS: CERT AC Carberry, Kane & Harvest wheat; Souris Oats; Conlon Barley; CDC Bethune & Sorrel flax; Mancan & Koma Buckwheat; Canola & Forage seed. (204)248-2268,(204)745-7577, NotreDame, MB. PUGH SEEDS: CERT AC Barrie, Carberry, Kane, Somerset, HRS Wheat. Souris Oats, Conlon Barley, Sorrel Flax. Phone (204)274-2179 or (204)871-1467, Portage.
PEDIGREED SEED Oilseed – Various
We BUY used oil & filters Collection of plastic oil jugs Glycol recovery services Specialized waste removal Winter & Summer windshield washer fluid Peak Performance anti-freeze ( available in bulk or drums )
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THE FOLLOWING PRIVATE LAND is being offered for sale SW 11-25-12W, NW 11-25-12W, NE 10-25-12W, SE 10-25-12W, NE 02-25-12W, NW 02-25-12W, SE 02-25-12W, SW 02-25-12W, NE 03-25-12W, SE 03-25-12W, NW 05-24-12W, SE NOTRE DAME USED OIL 05-24-12 W, NW 17-24-12W, SE 33-23-12W, NW 03-25-12W,&NE 34-24-12W. DEPOT The following Crown FILTER lands have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Used Rural Oil Initiatives for transfer to the purchaser • Buy • Buy Batteries of•the private lands listed,•as these Oil lands are part of Collect Used Filters Collect Containers the ranch unit held by Guy and Susan Johnson of Southern and Western Manitoba Eddystone, MB NE 28-23-12W, NW 28-23-12W, NE 29-23-12W, Tel: NE 204-248-2110 32-23-12W, SE 32-23-12W, NE 33-23-12W, NW 33-23-12W, SW 33-23-12W, NW 03-24-12 W, SW 03-24-12W, NE 04-24-12W, NW 04-24-12W, SE 04-24-12W, SW 04-24-12W, NE 05-24-12W, NE 08-24-12W, NW 08-24-12W E1/2, SE 08-24-12W, SW 08-24-12W E1/2, NE 09-24-12W, NW 09-24-12W, SE 09-24-12W, SW 09-24-12W, SW 10-24-12W, SW 16-24-12W, NE 17-24-12W, SE 17-24-12W, SW 17-24-12W E1/2. If you wish to purchase the private land & apply for the Unit Transfer contact Guy Johnson at Eddystone, MB R0L 0S0, (204)448-2101. If you wish to comment on or object to eligibility of this Unit Transfer, write Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB R0J 1E0; Phone (204)867-6550 or Fax (204)867-6578.
Crate scales stationary & portable
Platform Scales Several sizes to choose from (no electrics)
NOW BUYING Old & New Crop Confection & Oil Sunflowers Licensed & Bonded 0% Shrink Farm Pick-Up Available Planting Seed Available
Call For Pricing Phone (204)747-2904
Toll Free 1-888-835-6351 Deloraine, Manitoba
The only company that collects, recycles and re-uses in Manitoba! 888-368-9378 ~ www.envirowestinc.com
We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Manitoba Cooperator classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800-782-0794.
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If you're not the owner/operator of a farm are you: q In agri-business (bank, elevator, ag supplies etc.) q Other total farm size (including rented land)_______________ Year of birth________ q I’m farming or ranching q I own a farm or ranch but i'm not involved in it's operations or management
My Main crops are: No. of acres 1. Wheat ____________ 2. Barley ____________ 3. Oats ____________ 4. Canola ____________ 5. Flax ____________ 6. Durum ____________ 7. Rye ____________ 8. Peas ____________ 9. Chick Peas ____________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 1. Registered Beef ____________ 2. Commercial Cow ____________ 3. Fed Cattle (sold yearly) ____________ 4. Hog Weaners (sold yearly) __________
My Main crops are: No. of acres 10. Lentils ___________ 11. Dry Beans ___________ 12. Hay ___________ 13. Pasture ___________ 14. Summerfallow ___________ 15. Alfalfa ___________ 16. Forage Seed ___________ 17. Mustard ___________ 18. Other (specify) ___________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 5. Hog farrow-to-finish (# sows) ______ 6. Finished Pigs (sold yearly) _________ 7. Dairy Cows ___________ 8. Other Livestock (specify) __________
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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
PEDIGREED SEED Specialty – Various
SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Grain Wanted
SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Grain Wanted
GOOSENECK GRAIN TRAILER, 11-FT box, extensions, roll tarp, Honda power pack, $4,200. Phone Brandon:(204)721-1542.
Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., based in Saskatoon, are looking to contract Borage acres for the upcoming 2013 growing season.
Great proﬁt potential based on high yields, high prices and low input costs. Attractive oil premiums and free on-farm pick-up. Flexible contracting options available as well. For more information, please contact Shane at:
306-229-9976 (cell) 306-975-9271 (ofﬁce) firstname.lastname@example.org
SEED / FEED / GRAIN SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Feed Grain
HEATED & GREEN CANOLA
Contact Denis or Ben for pricing ~ 204-325-9555
• Competitive Prices • Prompt Movement • Spring Thrashed
NOW BUYING Confection and Oil Sunflowers, Brown & Yellow Flax and Red & White Millet
“ON FARM PICK UP”
Vanderveen Commodity Services Ltd.
Licensed & Bonded
Licensed and Bonded Grain Brokers
P.O. Box 1236 129 Manitoba Rd. Winkler, MB. R6W 4B3
37 4th Ave. NE Carman, MB R0G 0J0 Ph. (204) 745-6444 Email: email@example.com Andy Vanderveen · Brett Vanderveen Jesse Vanderveen
A Season to Grow… Only Days to Pay!
IS ENOUGH OF A GAMBLE...
Specializing in: • Corn, wheat, sunflower, canola, soymeal, soybeans, soy oil, barley, rye, flax, oats (feed & milling) • Agents of the CWB • Licensed & bonded
Advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator Classifieds, it’s a Sure Thing!
“Naturally Better!” Soybean Crushing Facility (204) 331-3696 Head Office - Winkler (888) 974-7246 Jordan Elevator (204) 343-2323 Gladstone Elevator (204) 385-2292 Somerset Elevator (204) 744-2126 Sperling Elevator (204) 626-3261
**SERVICE WITH INTEGRITY** www.delmarcommodities.com
WE BUY OATS Call us today for pricing Box 424, Emerson, MB R0A 0L0 204-373-2328
We are buyers of farm grains.
Toll Free: 888-974-7246 SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Straw DAIRY, BEEF & HORSE hay for sale, large squares. Phone: (204)526-7139 (day) or (204)827-2629 (evenings). FOR SALE: 75 ROUND bales of second cut alfalfa, 100% alfalfa, feed analysis available, no rain. Phone:(204)476-6447, Plumas. LARGE QUANTITY OF WHEAT straw bales, 4x4x8. Can deliver. Phone Phil:(204)771-9700. La Salle, MB. MEDIUM SQUARE STRAW BALES of wheat, barley, peas or alfalfa, $15. Also, small square straw bales of wheat & barley, $2.20. Phone Brandon:(204)721-1542. ROUND ALFALFA GRASS BALES, 1st & 2nd cut, feed analysis avail. (204)734-3543
SWAP 56 INTERNATIONAL HALF-TONNE, partly restored, will swap for W6 or W9 tractor. Phone: (204)855-2212.
• Vomi wheat • Vomi barley • Feed wheat • Feed barley • Feed oats • Corn • Screenings • Peas • Light Weight Barley You can deliver or we can arrange for farm pickup. Winnipeg 233-8418 Brandon 728-0231 Grunthal 434-6881 “Ask for grain buyer.”
CAREERS CAREERS Farm / Ranch SEEKING INDIVIDUAL TO ASSIST in farm operations. Will be required to operate & maintain equipment, maintain buildings, yard, ranch house & garden. Must be mechanically inclined, clean & responsible. Will be required to cook farm meals at times. Welding & some carpentry experience an asset. $11.50, housing available, full-time starting early spring 2013. Inquire to (204)745-8303.
CAREERS Help Wanted DAIRY ASSISTANT REQUIRED AT Halarda Farms. Full-time w/shift work. The successful applicant will be self-motivated & a team player. No experience needed. Competitive wages and an extensive health & benefit package offered. Halarda Farms is a modern, large mixed farm located in the Elm Creek area. Fax resume to (204)436-3034 or call (204)436-2032.
CAREERS Sales / Marketing
FEDERATION TIRE: 1100X12, 2000X20, used aircraft. Toll free 1-888-452-3850
HOME BASED, PART TIME admin support, (10-15 hrs/week) Computer literate. Submit resume to firstname.lastname@example.org
1993 40-FT LODE KING hopper trailer, air-ride on 22.5 rubber (50%), new brake drums & shoes, both hoppers have been re-sheeted from the inside, tarp is good, body is rusty, will be sold w/fresh safety. Asking $10,800 OBO. Phone:(204)324-3264, Altona.
TRAILERS Trailers Miscellaneous
1987 6X18 GN STOCK trailer, $2700; S.U. dozer blade, fits 07 Cat, VGC; Round grass hay bales. Phone (204)345-3486.
SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Grain Wanted
Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.
FARMERS, RANCHERS, SEED PROCESSORS BUYING ALL FEED GRAINS
STOCK TRAILERS 6X16 GN, $3,500; 7x22 GN, $3,300; Real 8.5x24 GN, $5,000; 2 Axle Dolly, $2,000; Single Axle Dolly, $1,900; 48-ft. Loboy, $6,500; New Decks for 1-Ton Trucks 9-ft., $2,350; 11-ft., $2,850. Phone (204)857-8403.
TRAILERS Grain Trailers
5 LOCATIONS to serve you!
TRAILERS Trailers Miscellaneous
CAREERS Oil Field
CAREERS Oil Field
Heated/Spring Threshed Lightweight/Green/Tough, Mixed Grain - Barley, Oats, Rye, Flax, Wheat, Durum, Lentils, Peas, Canola, Chickpeas, Triticale, Sunflowers, Screenings, Organics and By-Products √ ON-FARM PICKUP √ PROMPT PAYMENT √ LICENSED AND BONDED SASKATOON, LLOYDMINSTER, LETHBRIDGE, VANCOUVER, MINNEDOSA
A great way to Buy and Sell without the ef for t.
The Manitoba Co-operator | January 3, 2013
Instant info. With the Manitoba Co-operator mobile app you can stay up to date on all things ag. Download the free app at agreader.ca/mbc
A CLE A R STA R-FILLED SK Y ON CHR ISTM AS EV E W ILL BR ING GOOD CROPS IN THE SUMMER. SNOW ON CHRISTM AS ME A NS E ASTER W ILL BE GREEN. A GREEN CHRISTM AS, A W HITE E ASTER
LET IT SNOW, SNOW SNOW!
This year’s winter conditions have been supreme for ski enthusiasts like these ones at Holiday Mountain Resort at La Riviere.
PHOTO: JEANNETTE GREAVES
Climate change to hit Mexico hard MEXICO CITY / REUTERS / A growing body of scientific evidence ranks Mexico and its
southern neighbours near the top of the list of countries most vulnerable to global warming, and advances in micro-forecasting foresee a grim future in alarming detail. According to two new stud-
ies, a deadly combination of warmer weather and less rainfall in the years ahead will devastate yields of traditional crops like corn and beans, as well as the region’s marketcritical coffee harvest.
The ultra-local projections with shorter time horizons — as soon as the 2020s — include colour-coded maps that for the first time provide virtually farm-specific climate change predictions, an innovation
scientists hope will convince local stakeholders to plan accordingly. That could mean switching to new seeds, shifting to hardier crops, or even abandoning long-established family farms.
World weather 2012 – Part I
The biggest worldwide story last March was the “summer-in-March” heat wave that brought record-setting temperatures to much of central and eastern North America By Daniel Bezte CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR
sually around this time Environment Canada comes out with its top weather stories that occurred in Canada this past year. While I will do an article on this topic once it is released, I thought for now that I would take a look back at 2012 and summarize some of the major weather stories that took place around the world. Instead of trying to figure out which weather story is No. 1, No. 2, etc., I figured I would simply summarize key global weather events on a month-bymonth basis. So, let’s begin by looking way back to last January. While January 2012 brought unusually warm weather to much of central and eastern North America, most of Europe and Russia experienced well-below-average temperatures. In fact, the cold temperatures in Europe during January 2012 were estimated to have killed over 58 people due to exposure. These cold temperatures were not
only confined to Europe and Russia, but they literally spilled over into Alaska, bringing what turned out to be one of the coldest Januarys on record for this region. According to the Fairbanks weather office, several locations in Alaska set all-time records for the coldest January on record
Over most of North America the big story was the lack of snow cover and warm temperatures.
including Nome, Galena, and Bettles. Kotzebue recorded its second-coldest January ever, while Fairbanks recorded its fifth coldest January on record in 2012. Moving on to February, the top global weather story was a little difficult to determine. The
cold weather continued across Europe and Alaska with 200 people estimated to have died across Europe from the cold. Over most of North America the big story was the lack of snow cover and warm temperatures. I think the major weather story for the month was the Category 3 tropical storm Giovanna that hit Madagascar on February 13, bringing five to 10 inches of rain along with wind speeds of 125-130 m.p.h. Fortunately, while it still created a large amount of damage, the eye of this storm missed the more heavily populated areas resulting in only 10 reported deaths. Now on to March. Who can forget last March? The biggest weather story worldwide last March was the “Summer in March” heat wave that brought record-shattering temperatures to much of central and eastern North America for several weeks. After an extremely mild winter, temperatures ended up getting downright silly during the middle of the month as an unusual blocking pattern developed over North America.
High temperatures in southern Manitoba and parts of central Manitoba climbed into the upper teens by the middle of the month, with several locations recording temperatures in the low- to mid-20s on March 17 and 18, shattering the previous record highs. Even the lows were amazingly warm, with overnight lows on March 19 actually being higher in some locations than the previously recorded daytime highs! These unusual conditions were also occurring over Eastern Canada and the northeastern U.S. The summer-in-March temperatures in these regions resulted in fruit crops coming into early bloom, only to be later damaged by the killing frosts that followed later in the month. Billions of dollars’ worth of fruit crops were lost. That said, it was still an amazing month weather-wise for our part of the world! We’ll end up this article with a look at last April’s weather. Like Februar y, April didn’t really have any major or dramatic weather events any-
w h e re a r o u n d t h e w o r l d . Record-warm temperatures continued to occur over North America, but this time they were confined mostly to the western U.S. and southwestern Canada. During April, at least 36 U.S. cities set or tied all-time record-high temperatures for the month. I think the biggest story was actually not really a weather event, but rather, the talk about the possibility of severe drought conditions developing over much of central and eastern North America during the upcoming months due to the warm spring weather and lack of snow cover and early-season rains. Well, I’m nearly out of room, so I’ll continue this article in the upcoming issue(s) in January, but in the next issue we’ll do our usual look back at the previous month and then look ahead to see what the rest of the winter and early spring might have in store for us. For now, I wish you the best of weather (and everything else) for 2013 – Happy New Year!
Published on Dec 28, 2012