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GREAT GORP PROJECT Triathlete creates home-grown energy bar » PAGE 44

The pros and cons of applying in dry soil » PAGE 17

OCTOBER 11, 2012


Communications breakdown added to emergency


Firefighting made more dangerous without communications By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF


olunteer firefighters racing to reach fire-threatened Vita last week passed hundreds of vehicles headed the other direction and wondered what they were headed into, said veteran firefighter Alain Nadeau. “I’ve been doing this for 33 years and this was the scariest I’ve seen,” said the weary La Broquerie fire chief on Friday after an exhausting week. The air was so smoke filled around the southeastern village “we could barely breathe,” he said.



ising corn acres and severe drought in the Midwestern United States may crimp supplies of popular corn seed varieties for the com-

ing year. “It’s really short,” said Ron Rabe, a Dekalb agronomist, who gave a brief talk on corn production in Manitoba at a recent WADO field tour. Derek Erb, who farms near Oak Bluff and sells Pioneer Hi-Bred corn




Corn seed might be tight next spring Rising demand and dismal growing conditions in the drought-stricken United States may limit supplies seed, said farmers looking to secure seed for next spring should act quickly to secure their supplies, even if it means placing orders earlier than usual. Pioneer Hi-Bred’s top varieties, which include D95 and D97, account for roughly half the acres seeded in the province. Erb said that with the harvest and quality testing still underway in some areas, it’s difficult to estimate how much corn seed will be available for next year. One thing’s for sure, waiting until Ag Days in January to secure supplies will

be too late. “I would pretty much bank on that,” said Erb. Dry conditions throughout the province have seen the corn harvest arriving about a month earlier than usual, and seed orders have started coming in sooner than usual too. Even with the possibility of a shortage of corn seed, Erb doesn’t expect the price of Pioneer’s supplies to rise much more than it has in recent years. Rob Park, of RJP Seeds in Carman, who deals in Hyland seed varieties, See CORN SEED on page 6 »

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Some corn seed companies were predicting a shortage of seed for next year, even before the season’s first snowstorm Oct. 5 put a crimp in this year’s harvest. PHOTO: LAURA RANCE

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


From the Food File


How do you like them apples?

Canada Beef Inc. turns one Goal is the greatest return, not market share


CROPS Risks and rewards of fall N The pros and cons of applying in dry soil


FEATURE Is pork’s business model broken? Producers need more of the retail dollar


CROSSROADS The Great Gorp Project Triathlete creates home-grown energy bar

4 5 9 12

Editorials Comments What’s Up Livestock Markets


Grain Markets Classifieds Sudoku Weather Vane

One a day can lower bad cholesterol by as much as 40 per cent


he old adage “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” holds up to scientific scrutiny, especially when it comes to heart health, new research from Ohio State University (OSU) suggests. In a study of healthy, middle-aged adults, consumption of one apple a day for four weeks lowered by 40 per cent blood levels of a substance linked to hardening of the arteries, an OSU release says. Taking capsules containing polyphenols, a type of antioxidant found in apples, had a similar, but not as large, effect. The study, funded by an apple industry group, found that the apples lowered blood levels of oxidized LDL — low-density lipoprotein, the “bad” cholesterol. When LDL cholesterol interacts with free radicals to become oxidized, the cholesterol is more likely to promote inflammation and can cause tissue damage. “When LDL becomes oxidized, it takes on a form that begins atherosclerosis, or

hardening of the arteries,” said lead researcher Robert DiSilvestro, professor of human nutrition at Ohio State University and a researcher at the university’s Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. “We got a tremendous effect against LDL being oxidized with just one apple a day for four weeks. DiSilvestro described daily apple consumption as significantly more effective at lowering oxidized LDL than other antioxidants he has studied, including the spice-based compound curcumin, green tea and tomato extract. The study also found eating apples had some effects on antioxidants in saliva, which has implications for dental health, DiSilvestro said. He hopes to follow up on that finding in a future study. The study was conducted as a master’s thesis by graduate student Shi Zhao, and was funded by a grant from the U.S. Apple Association/Apple Product Research and Education Council and a donation from Futureceuticals Inc. of Momence, Ill.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Dedicated farm advocate Bob Douglas passes

CFIA officials reviewing XL procedures Beef recall extends to eastern provinces and now to Hong Kong Reuters/staff


he number of Canadian confirmed cases of E. coli from the XL beef plant at Brooks, Alta. had reached 11 by press time Monday. Meanwhile, the beef recall had spread from North America to Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Centre for Food Safety had advised local companies to stop selling and to recall “a small portion” of beef from XL Foods which had made its way to local shops. The Canadian cases include two in Quebec and one in Newfoundland and Labrador. All those affected are recovering, health and food inspection officials said on a conference call with reporters. The ever-widening recall of meat from the plant now involves more than 1,800 products, including steaks, ground beef and roasts and now spans all of Canada and most U.S. states. The officials said they cannot prove that the sick people ate food from XL. But Dr. Frank Plummer, chief science officer of Canada’s Public Health Agency, said it was almost certain that all 10 cases trace back to the XL Foods meat recall. The bacteria strain in this case has a unique “genetic fingerprint” never before seen in Canada or the United States, he said. The XL plant slaughters about 4,500 cattle per day and next to the Cargill plant at nearby High River, Alta. is one

His career in farm policy spanned more than 50 years By Allan Dawson co-operator staff


“This assessment will determine if the facility has addressed deficiencies uncovered as part of the CFIA’s in-depth E. coli investigation.” CFIA statement

of the two largest in Canada. It has been closed since Aug. 24. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) was to begin an assessment of the plant on Tuesday of this week. “This assessment will determine if the facility has addressed deficiencies uncovered as part of the CFIA’s in-depth E. coli investigation,” the agency said Monday. Inspectors found that while XL Foods had an appropriate plan to control food safety risks, it didn’t fully carry it out. In its first public statement since the closure, the company said last Friday it deeply regretted the sickness caused by consumption of beef products. It promised to “exceed existing high standards and regain the trust of Canadian consumers.” The recall comes four years after a recall of deli meat produced at Maple Leaf Foods that killed 22 people. It has led to calls from opposition legislators for the Canadian agriculture minister, Gerry Ritz, to resign. Ritz has said the government did all it could to protect Canadians.

ob Douglas, one of Manitoba’s pre-eminent farm champions, died Oct. 6 at the age of 80. “I think Bob is one of those unsung heroes that farmers just heard his name but didn’t know what he committed to them,” Earl Geddes, a former Keystone Agricultural Producers’ president, said in an interview Monday. “I’ve got nothing but positive praise for Bob and the work that he did,” said Geddes, who is now executive director of the Canadian International Grains Institute. “Bob was a tireless advocate for agriculture and agriculture producers,” said Mac McCorquodale, who worked with Douglas for many years. “He was a farm boy at heart and he was constantly working for the betterment of things in agriculture. He was constantly puzzled why people didn’t see things as clearly as he did.” Douglas, who in 2004 was inducted into the Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame, grew up on a farm at Minnedosa where he was active in 4-H. Douglas started off his 50-year career in agriculture as youth director for the now-defunct Manitoba Federation of Agriculture and Co-operation (MFAC) in 1956 — the same year he married Shelagh Sutherland. The job entailed running Camp Wannakumbac at Clear Lake. “Many Manitoba youth benefited from this camping experience under Bob’s guidance and went on to become leaders themselves in their respective areas,” says the Hall of Fame citation. Douglas eventually became executive secretary of the MFAC. He helped create the Manitoba Farm Bureau in 1965, an umbrella farm organization made up of Manitoba farm commodity groups. He served as its secretary manager until its demise in 1984 brought on by the fractious Crow Rate debate. Douglas then played a key role in the formation of the Keystone Agricultural Producers — Manitoba’s largest general farm organization and member of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. He was KAP’s general manager until 1993. “Bob worked all of his career trying to improve the conditions of farmers and farm families,” said Murray Cormack, a former general manager of Manitoba Pool Elevators and former provincial deputy minister of agriculture. “He focused on that all the time.” During his KAP tenure the organization gained a reputation for doing its homework and being able to influence provincial and farm policies, Geddes said.

Active role at CGC

In 2006 Douglas was appointed an assistant commissioner with the Canadian Grain Commission, and took the role seriously, said Cormack. “Bob wanted to ensure farmers were protected under the provisions of the (Canada)

“Bob worked all of his career trying to improve the conditions of farmers and farm families.” A microscopic view of E. coli bacteria. The strain in this case has a unique “genetic fingerprint” never before seen in Canada or the United States, says the chief science officer of Canada’s Public Health Agency. 9/29/12

2:35 PM

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Bob Douglas was a rural champion, but also served as a Winnipeg city councillor from 1982 to 1992.

grain act…” Cormack said. “He believed in seeing that the rules were followed, particularly where farmers might be left high and dry if there was an operator who was at risk of getting into difficulty.” Geddes, who at the time was senior manager with the Canadian Wheat Board, said Douglas informed him of some of the problems he uncovered. “He was a true champion in that role,” Geddes said. “He got significant criticism from the (Canadian Grain) commissioners and from the industry for trying to expose some of the stuff that was kind of commonplace in the industry. “Everybody knew when he went to an elevator he was there because the Canada Grain Act was there to protect farmers. And he lived that every day on the job.” Douglas often complained the grain commission failed to enforce its own regulations by not making some grain dealers become licensed elevators. Under the grain act farmers are better protected when dealing with licensed elevators. Sometimes Douglas was able to mediate disputes between farmers and elevator agents just by making a phone call or visiting the elevator. “He was very analytical about looking at circumstances and deciding what should happen and how they should turn out,” McCorquodale said. “He was a strategist. He was a man with not only a lot of vision but a lot of courage.” Douglas also played an active role in urban politics, and was elected to four consecutive terms on Winnipeg city council from 1982 to 1992. He was also a mover and shaker in the Manitoba back rooms of the Liberal Party of Canada. Salford, Ontario • 1-866-442-1293 Ad#: SFM09_28-10.25x3PSO


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


The truth is out there


or some reason, the once popular sci-fi television series “The X-Files” came to mind last week as the unfolding debacle at XL Foods led to an ever-widening beef recall — and not just because of the X in the company’s name. There’s something surreal about advice from public health officials telling you to go to your freezer and throw out any beef of unknown origin, just to be safe. Laura Rance It leaves a lasting impression on a conEditor sumer’s palate. The XL file, which is prompting the largest E. coli-related meat recall in Canadian history, should be prompting some soul searching about how seriously we take public safety in the face of these persistent E. coli threats. It should also prompt some discussion over how we raise beef. Officials don’t seem to really know how far these contaminated products were distributed, or for how long. There is a lengthening list of people who are sick with E. coli in Western Canada right now, but only a few so far that have been directly traced to contaminated products from the plant in question. The truth is, we know a lot about E. coli along with other harmful organisms and how they operate. We also know a lot about how to prevent contamination, starting with right in our own kitchens. It is common knowledge in North America that if you don’t cook your meat, particularly ground beef, to 160 F temperature, or if your kitchen counter hygiene is lacking, you are placing your own health and the health of your loved ones at risk. Yet these outbreaks continue to surprise us. There are three possible explanations — we are either stubborn, stupid or selfish — none of which bode well for humanity’s survival. In spite of the company’s own monitoring systems, and the dozens of Canadian Food Inspection Agency inspectors working at that plant, the plant’s ability to control E. coli was reportedly overwhelmed by a large number of cattle carrying the bacteria entering the slaughterhouse. The first question needs to be, why? Truth: Studies have shown E. coli contamination tends to be higher in grain-fed versus grass-fed beef. Approximately 30 per cent of feedlot cattle shed the organism. USDA researchers have further determined that switching cattle from grain to forage resulted in a thousandfold decline in E. coli populations within five days. The surviving E. coli had a reduced ability to survive an acid shock, mimicking passage through the human stomach. However, the cattle-finishing industry continues to feed a high-starch diet because of its better feed efficiency. Truth: There is a vaccine available from Bioniche for cattle that reduces E. coli’s ability to colonize the bovine’s gut. The vaccine, Econiche, has been fully licensed for the Canadian market for four years. At $3 per dose, which in some cases must be administered twice, the company estimates it would cost $50 million to vaccinate Canada’s 12.5 million cattle. A national vaccination program would reduce E. coli contamination in cattle by up to two-thirds. Studies have shown even having some of the cattle vaccinated in a feedlot can reduce the levels of E. coli for all. Yet less than five per cent of the Canadian cattle herd is being vaccinated, presumably because it’s a cost for which users receive no direct payback. At some point in the not-too-distant future we will be adding up the cost of an outbreak, the cost of treating victims, the lost production, the depressing effect on prices with a major processor sidelined and quite possibly the cost of a public inquiry. It will be interesting to see how they compare. Truth: Irradiation, the use of gamma rays, X-rays or electron beams, effectively kills E. coli along with a host of other harmful organisms. Health Canada examined whether it was an effective treatment for ground beef 10 years ago, and recommended it be approved. But it has sat on a shelf ever since. Apparently no one has asked for approval to add irradiation to the list of foods already approved for the treatment in Canada. It’s expensive and the public will need to be coaxed into acceptance. A decade ago, some consumer groups were mortified by the thought of food being “nuked,” even though there is no radioactive contact or lasting after-effects. But that was then. Now, it’s time for a rethink. The truth is, a food value chain that maximizes feed, production and processing efficiency at the expense of the customer isn’t really all that efficient. If the beef industry won’t embrace the technologies available to protect its customers, whether that is on-farm vaccinations or food irradiation, it will have to be regulated — just as pasteurization became mandatory in the late 1930s.

Independent look at XL needed Puzzling questions persist in the ongoing controversy By Alex Binkley CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR / OTTAWA


our years ago, the Harper government was mired in the Maple Leaf listeria crisis and sought to reassure voters in the upcoming federal election by appointing an independent inquiry into the deadly event. While the XL Foods E. coli incident has produced only four confirmed cases of illness compared to the 22 deaths and scores more seriously sickened in the listeria outbreak, the scope of the XL recall of beef products dwarfs the Maple Leaf one and has yet to run its course. The Harper government has been under intense pressure in Parliament and the media over the matter. Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz has visited the Brooks, Alta. plant and held news conferences to try to convince a doubting public that all unsafe product has been removed from the market. XL waited several weeks before commenting, but it has finally accepted responsibility for the outbreak. It pledged “intensified and enhanced testing,” to regain the trust of Canadians. “We believed XL Foods was a leader in the beef-processing industry with our food safety protocols, but we have now learned it was not enough,” a company statement says. “We take full responsibility for our plant operations and the food it produces and are doing everything we can to take the lead in an enhanced comprehensive food safety program for our plant.” While XL Foods said it has “targeted prevention, process verification and correction, response and product control as areas where food safety enhancements are required,” these


are all areas where it should have had controls in place. And CFIA inspectors should have been checking those systems were working, says food industry experts. They still want an explanation of why it took two weeks from the time CFIA officials as well as American border inspectors found E. coli in ground meat from the plant before the public was alerted. It remains a puzzle how E. coli, a well-known bacteria carried by cattle, overwhelmed the plant’s existing food safety system, which it is required to have in place as part of its licence to operate and export product to other provinces and countries. While the Thanksgiving week parliamentary break will give the government a reprieve from public criticism, it will soon introduce legislation called the Safe Foods for Canadians Act in the Commons. It has almost finished scrutiny by the Senate. It will make sweeping changes to the CFIA’s inspection activities that most people in the food business support. The debate over the legislation in the Commons plus hearings on the bill will provide plenty of opportunities for the opposition and critics to hammer the government over its handling of the XL situation. A clear picture of what happened at the plant probably won’t emerge until CFIA completes and releases its lessons learned report on the incident. It did that after the Maple Leaf outbreak and other serious food safety incidents. The level of attention focused on this incident likely won’t go away soon unless the government sets up some form of independent investigation. Whether the government wants outside advice is in question. It rejected a proposal from Liberal Senator Bob Peterson to have the auditor general review CFIA’s inspection capacity and capabilities every five years.

October 3, 1974


he 1974 harvest was one best forgotten. Our Oct. 3 issue reported that grain dryers were sold out across Western Canada, with one company having sold 50 after not selling a single one since 1969. The Oct. 1 crop report said snow had fallen across much of the northern part of Manitoba’s agricultural area, further slowing harvest, while hard frosts in the southwest had ended any hope that the crops would mature. Similar conditions were reported in Saskatchewan. Adding to the woes was a strike of 425 deck officers on the Great Lakes, halting grain movement east and preventing elevators from accepting delivery even if they could handle the tough and damp grain. Back-towork legislation was introduced the following week. The new Canadian Egg Marketing Agency was under fire after reports that 28 million eggs had rotted in storage. Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan said that he would welcome a full inquiry. A new Manitoba government savings bond issue was announced, with interest rates ranging from 9.25 to 9.75 per cent.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


Sheep guardians come in all shapes and sizes One producer has tried donkeys, llamas and dogs and made her choice


n response to the Sept. 20 letter, “What about donkeys?” seeking more information about livestock protection options, the livestock protection animals that you choose have a lot to do with: •   What you like; •   What is available; •   What you are willing to pay for; •  What your fencing or physical setup is (close to town, very rural, dense bush, close to home or far from home); •  Your personal animal-care practices (dogs have to be fed each day). We have had a variety of dog breeds as guardians, a jenny donkey and a male intact llama over time and in many different areas (provinces) with a mixture of fencing and livestock. When protecting sheep or goats, after many bad experiences with the donkey and llama we have had great luck with the Akbash LGDs (livestock guardian dogs) here in the Interlake. All breeds of guardian animals have different guard-

ing traits, strengths and weaknesses, and depending on your situation these could be considered either good or bad. Donkeys eat the same food as sheep but require a different mineral that could be harmful to sheep. They cannot get their head into some feeders designed for sheep and may have issues if left with full access to grain that may not be an issue for the sheep. The very negative aspect that we found with the donkey was that out of the blue she would reach down and bite off a lamb’s ear or suddenly kick and break a leg. This was unacceptable to us. As a guardian, if you have a mountain lion or other big cat she has no defence and will basically not be any safer than the sheep themselves.

Llamas and alpacas

While able to protect themselves in the wild, they use speed rather than fending off a predator. Males have fighting teeth used to disembowel other males seen as a threat and can be used on people or other “dangers” they perceive. They typically kill smaller predators by stomping them to death. Intact males can be very dangerous and try to “mount” or otherwise dominate anyone or thing they have the urge to, thus people could be in danger and they will sometimes molest their sheep charges. The one llama we had here could not care less about protecting the sheep from coyotes but definitely figured that we were a threat.



Each breed has definite traits. Some are perimeter guards, making the rounds of each pen and jumping over fences and marking territory. Typically people with Pyrenees dogs describe this behaviour. Some are with the animals and tend to just wander along with them, but when the coyotes come they move out and harass or “play” with them, in what appears as a move to distract them

We welcome readers’ comments on issues that have been covered in the Manitoba Co-operator. In most cases we cannot accept “open” letters or copies of letters which have been sent to several publications. Letters are subject to editing for length or taste. We suggest a maximum of about 300 words. Please forward letters to Manitoba Co-operator, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, R3H 0H1 or Fax: 204-954-1422 or email: (subject: To the editor)

Government actions to blame Regarding the Sept. 6 story “Latest feed crisis may be too much for the battered hog sector, I believe there is another very important factor that should not be disregarded. For every action, there is and will be, an opposite and equal reaction. The final straw, in this most recent case, that may have broke the “hog producers’ back,” in my view, was the previous actions of our governments. When governments, including Manitoba, decided to support and sponsor ethanol plants, for the benefit of grain producers, the price of relatively cheap grain became more expensive. The hog producers, who did not grow sufficient grain to feed their huge inventory had to pay much higher prices to feed their animals just to stay in business.

from the sheep. Some will actively move the animals from area to area when they perceive a threat, leaving one dog with the herd and the other dispatching with the intruder. The Akbash that we own tend to be just like the research books describe, and during calm times in the pasture have been known to move unwanted animals away from their territory for up to four miles at which point they quietly return home. They do kill a perceived threat. There are also dogs that can be trained to do what is referred to as tending-herding, where they patrol and move the sheep or goats through grazing areas. But I believe they require more intervention from people giving commands and are what I would use if grazing unfenced areas such as described in the recent articles on goats cleaning parks and such. Most real LGD breeds are not highly trainable, working mostly by instinct without any real guidance, although most will follow a few rudimentary commands if taught at a young age. The positives for LDGs over donkeys or llamas are that they can, if necessary, get through, over or under a fence. They have the ability to kill by biting or tearing apart a coyote, wolf, big cat or bear. They will kill a feral dog, coyote or anything else that is seen as a threat, yet know the difference between what belongs and doesn’t. The LGDs allow the border collies to do their job unmolested. This could be an issue for those using the donkey or llama, having to remove them from a pasture before sending out the herding dogs to round up the sheep. Threats from people are another issue. The people who recently lost their little goats from a barn, would not have likely done so if they had an LGD in with them. We always tell people to keep their hands in their pockets when in with our sheep, and have learned that no one would be stealing any sheep from here

Then came the recent drought, especially in the U.S., where corn was relatively inexpensive. Now, there was no more cheap feed available. The prices have skyrocketed. This leads me to conclude that our federal and provincial governments, by sponsoring ethanol fuel plants, created a detrimental situation that was instrumental in the eventual and present situation of the factory hog producers and their portly industry. With our governments burning the candle at both ends, the hog industry ended up getting burned, and of course, also the Canadian taxpayers. Rather than flapping about the consequences and concerns, now would be a good time for all governments to reflect on the repercussions of their own actions and involvement that contributed to the downfall of the hog industry. The following statement from former U.S. president, the late Ronald Reagan, rings true. “Government does not solve problems; it subsidizes them.” John Fefchak Virden, Man.

Productivity bar continues to rise October 16 is the date of an annual event known as World Food Day. Earlier this year (March 2012) the world population passed the seven billion mark. World Food Day draws attention to the roughly 900 million people who are “food insecure.” Translated, this means people who live with hunger and fear starvation. Causes of food insecurity includes volatile food prices, floods, droughts, pov-

as the dog would have them pinned down first. Yet they are good with children and will accept a pat from visitors. LGDs work best in pairs. Their strategy for protecting is usually one with the herd and one to chase or kill the predator. The LGDs also have different barks that tell the sheep distinct messages. Certain barks will be totally ignored by the sheep, another will have all the sheep pick their head up and pay attention, another will have them instantly running for home. I have actually watched pups as young as a few months, sort out who was old and decrepit and go lie with them in the field, as well as protect new lambs before they themselves were even moving about in the field. They can be bonded to almost any animal if properly introduced. Pitfall of this is that if bonded to a house/yard dog, they may be unwilling to stay in the pasture. They can be bonded to an area instead of an animal(s). Part of their attempt to deter predators can be misconstrued as they will clean up deadstock and may be accused of killing. They do clean up “afterbirth” and can make identifying a new mom difficult as they will often clean all blood away even from her back end, and clean off new lambs if the mom has not completed the job herself. With pasture lambing you have to take care to pay attention and be out often to check. These are just a few of the things to think about and consider when you are looking at a guardian animal for your operation. If you do get LGDs, be sure to educate your neighbours about them, as if they are out they can seem quite intimidating. Lorna S. Wall Lorna and Pete Wall operate Wall 2 Wall Sheep Ranch in Poplarfield, Man., where they raise White Dorper and Katahdin sheep as well as border collies and Akbash dogs.

erty, water scarcity, pestilence, poor marketing and transportation infrastructure, land scarcity, poor governance, unproductive agriculture and/or lack of investment in agriculture. India and Ethiopia are but two examples of countries where food insecurity is common. Canada has “wall-to-wall” food and the “average” Canadian household spends a mere 12 per cent of its disposable income on food. In regions where food insecurity prevails, the household food bill is usually 30 to 70 per cent of disposable income. Looking ahead, world population will grow by one billion to eight billion between now and 2025. That’s a done deal. Nothing can change that and takes into account that the percentage of world population growth is only about half what it was a few decades ago, thanks to more family planning almost everywhere. In fact, family planning has been adopted to such an extent in Canada, Western Europe, Japan and China that a scary demographic crisis of a different kind is in the works here. To put these numbers in perspective, the population of Canada is presently 35 million. One billion more people in 2025 is like adding 30 more “Canadas” to the globe in 13 years. With 30 more “Canadas,” the demands on agriculture and the resource base, both here and abroad, will continue to grow. The best solution for the environment would be fewer people, but that is obviously not going to happen. Thus, as each year passes, the productivity bar will be raised for farmers here and abroad. This is one occupation that will not work its way out of a job. Bill Anderson Forrest, Man.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

FROM PAGE ONE GRASS FIRES Continued from page 1

They could also barely communicate. Virtually non-existent cell service combined with a breakdown in emergency communications made their job not only more difficult but more dangerous, said Nadeau. La Broquerie’s fire department ran the command centre set up near Vita’s Shevchenko school to co-ordinate the multiple crews fighting the grass fires which ignited early last week. They had only spotty cell service and no two-way radios to communicate, said Nadeau. “If you stayed by the school and stood on one leg and touched your truck it (cell service) worked,” said Nadeau. But the FleetNet service, which RCMP, fire crews and other emergency service providers depend on did not work at all. “The FleetNet service (a wireless MTS network for twoway radios) was completely down that day,” he said. “Two miles outside of La Broquerie, close to Zhoda, it stopped working.” That put all the volunteer firefighters at risk, he said. At the peak of the fire five departments including those at La Broquerie, Emerson, Piney, Vita and Dominion City were on the scene. Nadeau feared for the worst as the day wore on and crews fanned out to fight the vast rolling fire. Communications technology is critical because at any moment firefighters may need to signal for help, he said. “As soon as you’re out of range by a mile and you have no more communication with your firefighters, it’s very dangerous,” he said. “At any second a person may be calling a mayday. You won’t hear it.”

CORN SEED Continued from page 1


A state of emergency was declared shortly after noon Tuesday and the town was evacuated, with patients in the town hospital sent to Steinbach and students evacuated from the school to a nearby church. Firefighters and town officials went door to door in fire trucks, SUVs and all-terrain vehicles to make sure nobody stayed behind. This is a second consecutive year rural volunteer firefighters and emergency responders in the southeast were dispatched to fight potentially deadly fires, but with little capacity to communicate. Other media reports cited heightened anxiety when parents without cellphone reception could not contact their children sent to the Stuartburn Gospel Church for safety. The church has only a single land line. Meanwhile, in Steinbach at the emergency reception centre enacted to house about 100 people who fled their homes at Vita, anxiety was high as people waited for word of what was happening back in Vita. Municipal emergency plann i n g c o - o rd i n a t o r D e n i s Vassart said while things otherwise went well at the reception centre they weren’t able to give people communication updates as quickly as they wished. “Getting that kind of communication through the emergency team to the reception centre is key. It takes away a lot of the stress,” he said.


The breakdown in FleetNet service was due to a technical

problem with one of the MTS towers, an MTS spokesperson said in an interview with CBC Radio Noon last week. MTS does not extend cellular service into this part of Manitoba because it can’t make a business case for doing so in a region with such low population density, said Chelsea Ross, manager of corporate communications for MTS. The matter of cell service is bound to come up at municipal meetings again this fall. The Association of Manitoba Municipalities has resolutions dating back about a decade calling for improvement to cell service in underserviced areas of rural Manitoba. Their organization has met with both the provincial and federal levels of government and with MTS on the matter, said AMM president Doug Dobrowolski. They’ve raised it with the Fe d e r a t i o n o f C a n a d i a n Municipalities (FCM), the national body representing municipal government too. Underserviced rural areas “is a Canada-wide problem, not just a Manitoba problem,” he added. The solution lies in opening up the communications sector to more competition, he said, adding that could happen beginning next year when Industry Canada holds an anticipated bandwidth auction. Last year during AMM’s lead-up campaign to the provincial election RMs in the Parklands region also cited lack of cellular service as a key infrastructure need.

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Ron Rabe, a Dekalb agronomist, explains corn production at a WADO field tour. PHOTO: DANIEL WINTERS

said drought in Ontario and the Midwest may have affected seed supplies, but so far only “anecdotal” reports have surfaced regarding some companies. “We’re going to find out in the next week or so what our seed allocations are,” he said. “But I think it’s pretty early to be talking about a shortage at this point.” If the market is indeed short and demand is high, many companies will respond by increasing seed production in Southern Hemisphere countries like Chile over the winter, he added. But he too advised against leaving seed orders too late. “If producers know how many acres they’ll be growing next year, they might want to get on it earlier rather than later,” said Park, adding that he has booked his own seed for next year already. Catt Corn operator Ron Catt, who grows open-pollinated silage and grazing corn seed on his farm south of Austin, said that his crop this year was one of the best ever. “We think we’re going to be OK,” said Catt. Partway through the harvest, he expects his inventory this year to be sufficient. If the big players raise prices to capitalize on the shortage, more farmers might opt for the low-input, non-GMO, non-hybrid, corn seed that he markets as costing $25 per acre. Morgan Cott, of the Manitoba Corn Growers Association, said a record 270,000 acres of corn were seeded in the province this year, up from 167,000 last year. This year’s record is likely to be smashed next year, she added. “If there’s seed, I guess,” said Cott. Scott Day said the U.S. Midwest traditionally dominates the world record for corn yields,

“It’s really short.” RON RABE

with over 300 bushels per acre. Such astronomical yields come with 40,000 plants per acre, 40 inches of rain per growing season and high heat unit varieties stretching into the 3,600 range. The terrible yields in that area this year are mainly due to extreme temperatures during the critical pollination phase. “At 94 F, your heat units start to work against you in the corn business,” said Day. The Red River Valley continues to dominate corn production, but acres have spread out into other directions. Most of the corn produced in Manitoba stays within the province. The Husky Ethanol plant in Minnedosa is a major user. Alvin Rapley, a grain buyer for Husky’s Minnedosa plant, said that over the past three years, the raw material mix for producing 130 million litres of ethanol has been composed of 75 per cent corn – roughly 10 million bushels – and 25 per cent wheat. “If you grow it, we’re certainly interested in buying it,” said Rapley. The ethanol plant requires corn with 15.5 per cent moisture content or less, and bids, currently at $7 per bushel for November delivery, are based on a 53-pound bushel weight. For every three tons of corn that comes in, one ton of dried distillers grains goes out the other end. All DDGs are marketed under contract by broker Wilbur Ellis.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Richardson’s Vancouver terminal maxed out Business is still growing and the company wants to rely less on competitor’s facilities By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF


ichardson International plans to expand its 108,000-tonne Vancouver grain export terminal by 65 per cent to keep up with its growing business, the Winnipeg-based company announced last week. “Obviously with the changes to the Canadian Wheat Board it’s a much more competitive landscape, but there are also a lot more opportunities,” Tracey Shelton, Richardson International’s director of corporate communications said in an interview. “Global demand is increasing. There’s no end in sight of that as our population grows.” The 150-year-old Canadian grain company applied to Port Metro Vancouver in August to build 80,000 tonnes of concrete grain storage at its north Vancouver facility and announced the $120-million project Oct. 1. If the two-year project is approved, 80,000 tonnes of new storage will be added west of the workhouse, but 10,000 tonnes of existing storage will be removed bringing total storage to 178,000 tonnes, Shelton said. The current facility, which can export around three million tonnes of grains and oilseeds annually, has been working at

“Now we have some competitors move our grain just because we don’t have the space. We’d like to obviously do it on our own.” TRACEY SHELTON

full capacity the last four years, she said. The expanded terminal will handle five million tonnes — almost 67 per cent more than it does now. “Essentially this will allow us to handle more grain,” Shelton said. “Now we have some competitors move our grain just because we don’t have the space. We’d like to obviously do it on our own. “We’re also a growing business. We’ve had a number of years of continuous growth and don’t see that changing so the added capacity would certainly help in that light as well.” Some of that growth came by acquiring some of Agricore United’s elevators in 2007. The company has bought other elevators too.

Public consultations

Consultations with nearby Vancouver residents and other

Richardson International’s Vancouver grain terminal has been at capacity the last four years. That, and anticipated increased exports, are why the company wants to add 80,000 tonnes of new storage boosting export capacity by almost 66 per cent. PHOTO: RICHARDSON INTERNATIONAL

interested parties started last week with a public open house allowing citizens to review Richardson International’s plans. Another open house was scheduled for this week. Five “stakeholder” meetings are planned. Citizens can provide feedback on the project at the meetings or online. Richardson International will review the comments and respond in November. The port, a federal agency, will decide if the project goes ahead.

Expanding its Vancouver terminal won’t have any impact on Prince Rupert’s grain terminal, which Richardson International owns with several other grain companies, Shelton said. Prince Rupert is considered a residual port even though it has some advantages over Vancouver such as less congestion and being closer to some Asian customers. But grain companies prefer to use their terminals to maximize returns. Shelton wouldn’t speculate on whether Richardson

International might someday buy the Port of Churchill, currently owned by OmniTRAX, which doesn’t have a country elevator business. Richardson has been using the port this season, but its future is uncertain after Ottawa’s $9-a-tonne shipping subsidy ends in five years. “The big thing for us right now is Vancouver simply because it’s our main port and that’s where global demand is increasing,” Shelton said.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Help with harvest, then see the sights in the land Down Under Australian recruiter offers “certainty” for young people embarking on working holidays By Daniel Winters

“It’s all about getting a job before you leave Canada so you have something set up and you know what you are doing as soon as you get there.”

co-operator staff / souris


inished high school? Craving travel and adventure? Being a “farmaroo” in Australia is one way for farm kids to trade their farming skills and work ethic for an extended trip Down Under. “It’s a new way for young people to work, learn, and see Australia,” said Carling Henderson, who worked for Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives in Clandeboyne before moving to Oz to join her fiancé two years ago. Henderson has travelled a r o u n d Ca n a d a i n re c e n t weeks on behalf of Australian labour recruiter Dodgshun Medlin Regional Placements. Any Canadian aged 18 to 30, and who has no dependents or criminal record, is eligible for a one-year working holiday visa that costs $270 in Australian dollars (which are currently virtually at par with the loonie) and can be extended for an additional year. And anyone with farm experience and willing to work hard will be welcomed with open arms, said Danny Conlin,

Carling Henderson

an Australian farmer who also works for Dodgshun Medlin, an accounting firm that has branched out into agronomy, financial planning and recruiting. “We have a particular problem over harvest and seeding to find workers,” said Conlin. Those able to drive “chaser bins” and “headers” – grain carts and combines – are particularly in demand, he added. “A lot of our farmers are working 16- to 18-hour days over four to six weeks to try to get that done.” Under the program offered by Dodgshun Medlin, farm workers pay a one-time fee of

AU$2,500 plus $250 in taxes, with half payable upon acceptance and the rest in instalments over the first working period. They are responsible for arranging their own working holiday visa and return airfare, and must pay an additional AU$330 for Australian health insurance coverage. In exchange for the fee, the company lines up jobs with the 25 modern, well-equipped farm families that belong to its program, two days of safety t ra i n i n g a t L o n g e re n g o n g Agriculture College near Melbourne, and above-average pay rates of at least AU$18 per hour.

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Most placements last six to eight weeks, or until seeding or harvesting is complete. After that, the workers can either pick up another harvest or seeding stint, or roam about the country and see the sights. Australian taxes are deducted at a rate of about 30 per cent, but foreign workers can apply to have them refunded. The farm families in the program are vetted by the company on the basis of the quality of their equipment and worker accommodations. The farms range in size from 3,500 to 38,000 acres, and generally crop canola, wheat, barley or chickpeas, and use ultra-modern, GPS-guided equipment. “It’s all about getting a job before you leave Canada so you have something set up and you know what you are doing as soon as you get there,” said Henderson. “We make it easy for you to come to the country.” Paycheques are issued by Dodgshun Medlin, so workers can’t be exploited by unscrupulous operators. New arrivals are set up with a bank account and a pre-paid mobile phone. Harvest runs from late October to December and seeding

begins in April and runs into May. Cost of living? The farm hosts provide food and free accommodation. And a pitcher of beer in local pubs costs about AU$3.50. For holidaying around the country, many visiting workers buy a cheap car, or purchase an open bus and train ticket good for one year that allows them to “jump on and off” at various sites throughout Australia. “ Yo u c a n k e e p c o m i n g back and work for us again and again,” said Henderson. “Say after your first six weeks you go off to Bondi Beach for Christmas and spend a bit too much money, just give me a call. There’s always a farmer who needs help.” Henderson admitted adventurous types who want to save on the company fees can apply for the working holiday visa on their own and find their own job upon arrival in Australia, but said that the extra cost of joining the program is worth it in her view because it protects workers from being exploited.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012



Please forward your agricultural events to daveb@fbcpublish or call 204-944-5762. Oct. 17-18: Canadian Swine Health Forum, Fairmont Hotel, 2 Lombard Place, Winnipeg. For more info call 613-230-4445 or visit Oct. 20, 21: Low-stress livestockhandling clinic, 1129 Queens Ave., Brandon. For more info visit www. or to register call 204-483-2153. Oct. 23-24: International Wolf and Carnivore Conference, Riverlodge Place, Thompson. For more info visit Oct. 25: Keystone Agricultural Producers general council, 9:30 a.m., PCU Centre, 245 Royal Rd. S., Portage la Prairie. Farmers and guests welcome. For more info call 204-697-1140. Oct. 30: Harvest Gala fundraiser benefiting Red River Exhibition Association scholarships and Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame, Viscount Gort Hotel, 1670 Portage Ave., Winnipeg. For tickets call 204888-6990.

These Canada geese are feasting on some millet reserved for swath grazing cattle, if they don’t consume it first.


Oct. 30: Manitoba Turkey Producers semi-annual meeting, Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204-489-4635. Oct. 31: H@ms Marketing Services fall marketing meeting, noon, Royal Oak Inn, 3130 Victoria Ave., Brandon. Lunch included. For more info call 1-800-899-7675. Nov. 1: Manitoba Beef Producers District 4 meeting, 6 p.m., Ukrainian Home, 209 Main St. N., Vita. For more info call 1-800-772-0458 or email Nov. 1: H@ms Marketing Services fall marketing meeting, 1 p.m., Community Hall, 25 Main St., Starbuck. Pork on a bun included. For more info call 1-800-899-7675. Nov. 1-4: Manitoba Livestock Expo, Brandon. For more info call 204726-3590 or visit Nov. 2: Manitoba Beef Producers District 3 meeting, 6 p.m., Memorial Hall, 12 Second Ave. SW, Carman. For more info call 1-800-772-0458 or email Nov. 2: H@ms Marketing Services fall marketing meeting, noon, Village Green Restaurant, 350 Park Rd. E., Steinbach. Lunch included. For more info call 1-800-899-7675. Nov. 2-3: Organic Connections conference and trade show, Conexus Arts Centre, 200 Lakeshore Dr., Regina. For more info call 306-5438732 or email info@organicco


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Nov. 7: Manitoba Pork Council fall producer meeting for producers west of Red River and Hutterite Brethren producers, noon, William Glesby Centre, 11 Second St. NE, Portage la Prairie. Pre-register for lunch at 204-237-7447 or general@ by Oct. 31. Nov. 8: Manitoba Pork Council fall producer meeting for producers east of Red River, noon, Heritage Centre, 100 Heritage Trail, Niverville. Pre-register for lunch at 204-237-7447 or general@ by Oct. 31. Nov. 8: Manitoba Beef Producers District 5 meeting, 6 p.m., Community Memorial Hall, 224 Second Ave., Carberry. For more info call 1-800772-0458 or email Nov. 9: Fields on Wheels Conference: Agribusiness Logistics in Turbulent Times, Radisson Hotel, 288 Portage Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204-474-9097 or visit agement/ti.

© NorthStar Genetics 2012 ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Genuity®, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup WeatherMAX®, and Roundup® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, Monsanto Canada, Inc. licensee. Respect the Refuge and Design is a registered trademark of the Canadian Seed Trade Association. Used under license. ©2012 Monsanto Canada, Inc.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Province cuts ag spending Keystone Agricultural Producers criticizes cuts to manure management program By Shannon VanRaes co-operator staff


he province is cutting $1 million in funding for a program that helps livestock producers meet its new manure-spreading regulations. But a government spokeswoman for Agriculture Minister Ron Kostyshyn called the reduction “a savings and not a cut” because the Manure Management Financial Assistance Program (MMFAP), which runs until March 2014, had lowerthan-anticipated uptake. That assessment troubles the head of Keystone Agricultural Producers. “That doesn’t hold much water with me,” said president Doug Chorney. “I’ve heard from a lot of members that they need this assistance to

comply with the 2013 winter (manure) spreading ban.” Some producers may not have applied to the program because they are dissatisfied with its terms, or may be planning to apply in the future, but have not yet had the time to do so, he said. In any case, it’s too early to calculate uptake as there are nearly two years left in the program, he said. “It would be cheaper for government to stop imposing regulations on agriculture,” said Chorney. “There is no commercial way to recover these costs.” M a n i t o b a Po r k C o u n cil chairman Karl Kynoch declined to comment, saying his organization needs to examine the changes to assess their impact on hog producers.

Earlier this year, the province increased the portion of cost-share funding available to pig producers for manure treatment systems from 65 per cent to 75 per cent, and doubled the spending cap from $250,000 to $500,000. The government spokeswoman said this was done to encourage MMFAP uptake. “Producers interested in MMFAP shouldn’t delay participating because funding allocations are influenced by participation each year, and are not allocated as a lump sum,” she said. Manure management wasn’t the only item affected by cuts to Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, which has to reduce its spending by about $4.1 million as part of government cost-saving efforts.

Another $700,000 is coming from a one-time reduction in grants for various programs, including those supporting rural infrastructure development. Which programs will be affected is not yet clear. “We’ve asked the government and we’re not getting any answers,” said Doug Dobrowolski, president of the Association of Manitoba Municipalities. “Where is the money? Are the programs cut? What’s going on here?” Ma n y o f t h e p ro g ra m s announced in this year’s budget have not yet received funding, leaving municipalities in limbo for cost-share programs, he said. “The trouble is that a lot of these programs were summer programs, and we’re into the fall now,” said Dobrowolski. As well, Hometown Mani-

“It would be cheaper for government to stop imposing regulations on agriculture. There is no commercial way to recover these costs.” Doug Chorney

toba grants for rural communities will lose $222,000 in funding, while the Food Development Centre in Portage la Prairie will have to increase cost recovery from its users. In all, Finance Minister Stan Struthers announced $66 million worth of cuts on Oct. 1. Another $62 million in spending reductions are needed if the province is to keep its projected deficit of $460 million in check.


Barley organizations get federal funds



MP Steven Fletcher, on behalf of Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz, has announced funding of more than $525,000 to the Canadian Malting Barley Technical Centre, the Malting Industry Association of Canada, and the Brewing and Malting Barley Research Institute to develop a Canadian malt barley brand. A government release said funds will be used for product testing and evaluations on new malting barley varieties, the current year’s harvest, and on cargo shipments to highlight the attributes of the current Canadian crop for international customers. The funds are part of the $88-million AgriMarketing Program, part of the Growing Forward policy framework.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

WASHINGTON / REUTERS U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack says tight corn stocks aren’t a cause for concern. “We really have to wait until the kernels are counted and the (soy) beans are counted to know the impact of the drought,” said Vilsack. “I don’t think the United States of America is going to run out of corn.” The USDA estimates the corn stockpile dipped below one billion bushels on Sept. 1 — the lowest beginning stocks level in eight years. Vilsack downplayed the effect the small stockpile could have on an Obama administration decision, due later this year, whether to relax a federal requirement to use corn ethanol in gasoline.

Most fields could use the moisture but most farmers would probably not prefer the solid version that fell near Holland, Oct. 5.

Jordan FTA could open doors to more Middle East sales By Alex Binkley


new trade deal with Jordan may open doors for Canadian food products in the Middle East. “While the immediate trade gains don’t appear large, we feel there is strategic potential here,” said Richard Phillips, executive director of Grain Growers of Canada. “Jordan acts as a trading and distribution hub in the Middle East with easy access to a number of other countries. “A Canada-Jordan free trade deal will give us preferential access over competitors. No major competitors have this deal, and the U.S. is not a major exporter to Jordan at this time.” Tw o - w a y t r a d e t o t a l l e d almost $89 million in 2011, with Canada importing some vegetables and shipping $70 million worth of goods to Jordan, notably chickpeas and other pulses, canary seed, dry beans, sunflower seed, wheat, barley, frozen french fries, animal feed and prepared foods. Un t i l n o w, J o r d a n h a s imposed agricultural tariffs as high as 30 per cent. But because the nation of six million isn’t self-sufficient in food, largely because of water shortages, “a trade deal therefore makes good sense,” said Phillips. “When we export our agricultural goods, we are not displacing local produce or affecting local farmers,” he said. The country is also a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council, a trade group that includes Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. This group has a population of 40 million and would be a strategic target for a future deal, Phillips said.






Ag secretary says U.S. isn’t “going to run out of corn”




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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

LIVESTOCK MARKETS Cattle Prices Winnipeg

October 5, 2012

E. coli bug leaves Manitoba markets under the weather

Steers & Heifers 95.00 - 100.00 D1, 2 Cows 58.00 - 63.00 D3 Cows 52.00 - 58.00 Bulls 70.00 - 78.00 Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) 114.00 - 125.00 (801-900 lbs.) 118.00 - 132.00 (701-800 lbs.) 120.00 - 138.00 (601-700 lbs.) 135.00 - 152.00 (501-600 lbs.) 140.00 - 170.00 (401-500 lbs.) 150.00 - 175.00 Heifers (901+ lbs.) 100.00 - 115.00 (801-900 lbs.) 110.00 - 123.00 (701-800 lbs.) 115.00 - 129.00 (601-700 lbs.) 120.00 - 136.00 (501-600 lbs.) 125.00 - 148.00 (401-500 lbs.) 130.00 - 156.00


Alberta South $ 105.30 - 107.00 105.40 - 106.70 58.00 - 68.00 50.00 - 63.00

($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)

$ 119.00 - 130.00 122.00 - 135.00 130.00 - 140.00 138.00 - 150.00 145.00 - 160.00 155.00 - 186.00 $ 110.00 - 122.00 116.00 - 125.00 119.00 - 130.00 123.00 - 134.00 130.00 - 147.00 142.00 - 169.00

Futures (October 5, 2012) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close Change October 2012 122.32 -0.13 December 2012 125.70 0.53 February 2013 129.45 0.53 April 2013 133.35 0.45 June 2013 130.60 1.55 August 2013 130.82 1.50 Cattle Slaughter

Feeder Cattle October 2012 November 2012 January 2013 March 2013 April 2013 May 2013

XL’s Brooks plant handles a third of Canada’s beef Terryn Shiells CNSC

Ontario $ 91.90 - 119.72 103.99 - 113.65 49.90 - 69.59 49.90 - 69.59 67.81 - 85.49 $ 122.81 - 142.16 129.87 - 145.23 118.93 - 150.92 120.26 - 167.66 121.58 - 182.72 135.90 - 193.76 $ 116.39 - 128.71 122.22 - 136.44 120.20 - 138.03 118.65 - 145.84 110.60 - 165.93 125.29 - 165.83

(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)

Close 144.47 145.82 148.50 151.42 153.00 154.37

Change -1.75 -1.50 -1.50 -1.23 -0.25 -0.50

Cattle Grades (Canada)

Week Ending Previous September 29, 2012 Year­ Canada 33,302 61.540 East 12,718 15,529 West 20,584 46,011 Manitoba NA NA U.S. 651,000 679,000

Week Ending September 29, 2012 325 16,608 10,496 688 1,058 3,461 16

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 567 25,210 22,088 1,870 1,023 6,046 447

Hog Prices Source: Manitoba Agriculture

(Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg) MB. ($/hog) MB. (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB. (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) P.Q. (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

Current Week 154.00E 141.00E 138.36 139.89

Futures (October 5, 2012) in U.S. Hogs October 2012 December 2012 February 2013 April 2013 May 2013

Last Week 144.21 132.92 130.04 129.04

Close 81.80 76.05 81.67 88.07 96.60

Last Year (Index 100) 184.25 169.53 174.96 177.55

Change 4.58 2.45 2.30 2.17 2.15

Other Market Prices Sheep and Lambs $/cwt Ewes Lambs (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)

$1 Cdn: $ 1.024 U.S. $1 U.S: $0.9763 Cdn.


(Friday to Thursday) Slaughter Cattle

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: October 5, 2012

Winnipeg 50.00 - 80.00 110.00 - 117.00 115.00 - 123.00 117.00 - 126.00 117.00 - 130.00

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of May 23, 2010 Under 1.2 kg................................... $1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg.................................... $1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg.................................... $1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg...................................... $1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of September 16, 2012 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.975 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.965 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.965 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................... $2.025 Undergrade............................... $1.940 Prices are quoted f.o.b. farm.

Toronto 73.61 - 110.93 143.67 - 163.17 151.61 - 168.60 154.47 - 175.16 143.88 - 215.88 —

SunGold Specialty Meats 40.00 - 60.00


Goats Toronto ($/cwt) 89.92 - 217.21 — 97.47 - 220.23

Horses <1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —

cam dahl

Manitoba Beef Producers

hospital,” Dahl said. “And that’s good. That’s what it should be; it shows that consumers have reason to be confident in the system.” Another positive is that feeder cattle prices haven’t been impacted a great amount by the closing of the plant. Most auction marts across Manitoba reported steady to slightly lower prices for feeder cattle during the week ended Oct. 5. Strong demand, paired with limited supplies, helped keep prices afloat despite the closed plant and high feed costs, analysts said. Demand for Manitoba cattle came from both Canada’s East and West. There was also good local demand at some auction marts in the province during the week. Good-quality calves brought the strongest prices, while heavier calves experienced a little bit of downward pressure and yearlings were slightly lower, but only by a couple of cents per pound, market watchers reported. The number of feeder cattle sent to market during the week also continued to grow at almost all of the auction marts across the province, with the exception of Winnipeg Livestock Sales. Winnipeg Livestock Sales reported having only 427 feeder cattle for sale on Oct. 5 — about half as many as the week prior. However, more calves are expected to hit the market next week, the auction market reported. Many areas of the province received some rain and snowfall during the week, which was beneficial for farmers who’ve faced water shortages. Despite the snow, Dahl said winter is still a while away and noted there isn’t anything special farmers will have to look out for this winter. Terryn Shiells writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.


Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective June 12, 2011. New Previous A Extra Large $1.8500 $1.8200 A Large 1.8500 1.8200 A Medium 1.6700 1.6400 A Small 1.2500 1.2200 A Pee Wee 0.3675 0.3675 Nest Run 24 + 1.7490 1.7210 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Winnipeg ($/hd) Kids 50.00 - 90.00 Billys 125.00 - 190.00 Mature —


recent outbreak of E. coli at one of Canada’s largest beef-processing plants continued to affect Manitoba cattle producers during the week ended Oct. 5. “We are seeing prices being impacted, especially for cattle that were going for slaughter,” said Cam Dahl, operations manager with Manitoba Beef Producers. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency on Sept. 24 temporarily suspended XL Foods’ licence to operate its Lakeside meat-packing plant at Brooks, Alta. following a number of E. coli-related recalls of beef from the facility. The list of products being recalled grew larger by the day throughout the first week of October, while the plant remained closed. The plant was also banned from exporting products to the U.S. on Sept. 13. The Lakeside plant processes about a third of Canada’s beef, which is why the temporary close impacts a large number of cattle producers across the country — including those in Manitoba. For the most part, Dahl said, Manitoba producers were able to hold out for higher prices during the week ended Oct. 5. “I think at this point most producers who were planning to move cattle to market have been able to press the ‘pause’ button,” he said. “But, this doesn’t apply to all producers, because everybody’s situation and marketing plan is different.” Very low volumes of slaughter cattle were reported at auction marts across the province during the week, as farmers waited for Lakeside to reopen, which would help demand pickup again. Dahl noted producers will only be able to press the “pause” button for so long, and if the plant remains closed for an extended period of time, they could start to see some longer-term impacts. What those impacts will be in Manitoba if the closure goes on for a long time is still up in the air. It’s just a “wait and see” situation, Dahl said. One positive in the beef recalls is that they show Canada’s food safety system works, he said. “All of this recall is voluntary on XL Foods’ part, and was not triggered by people in the

“…most producers who were planning to move cattle to market have been able to press the ‘pause’ button.”

Toronto ($/cwt) 7.22 - 33.00 27.30 - 47.70

Canada hog reports cut to semi-annually Reuters


key source of data on hog industries in the U.S. and Canada has been reduced from quarterly to semiannually, due to budget cuts at Statistics Canada, says the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The USDA is discontinuing its scheduled Oct. 29 United States and Canadian Hogs report because Statistics Canada has cut its own report on the Canadian hog industry. USDA and StatsCan worked together to

produce the joint report, but StatsCan has cancelled some reports due to spending cuts. The next joint report on hog and pig estimates for the U.S. and Canada is scheduled for February. Steve Meyer, president of Iowa-based Paragon Economics, said he tracks Canada’s hog data every quarter. “That’s pretty important information about the North American pork industry. I hate to see it go away because we’ll only get an account of their production twice a year instead of four times. I think it’s pretty important to the business and this is a loss for us for sure.”

Looking for results?  Check out the market reports from livestock auctions around the province. » PaGe 35


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

GRAIN MARKETS Export and International Prices


Expect demand rationing after StatsCan canola report Buyers such as China may now shop for alternatives Phil Franz-Warkentin CNSC


CE Futures Canada canola contracts managed to move higher during the week ended Oct. 5 — but not before first hitting their weakest levels since June. Speculative long liquidation and spillover from the harvest pressure weighing on U.S. soybeans weighed on canola prices for the first few days of the week. However, technical support was uncovered to the downside, and then Statistics Canada surprised the market with a much smaller-than-anticipated production estimate. Given the disappointing yield estimates being reported across many parts of Western Canada this fall, everyone in the industry knew that the record 15.4-million-tonne canola crop StatsCan predicted back in August would be unattainable. However, just how much smaller the crop actually was came as a bit of a shock. The latest survey results took two million tonnes of canola out of that initial estimate, dropping total supplies below the 14.5 million tonnes grown the previous year. (The year-ago level was revised higher by about 200,000 tonnes, but the adjustments there won’t be enough to make up for 10-timeslarger losses this year.)

For three-times-daily market reports from Commodity News Service Canada, visit “ICE Futures Canada updates” at

The actual canola crop could still end up below the latest 13.4-million-tonne guess when everything is said and done, as the survey likely didn’t include all the crops lost to wind damage in Alberta and Saskatchewan in September. Back when the industry was still working with a 15-million-tonne-plus crop, supply/demand estimates from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada were predicting very tight ending stocks for 2012-13 of only 675,000 tonnes. With two million fewer tonnes to go around, the solid export and domestic crush demand being forecast will need to be rationed somehow, as negative ending stocks would be impossible. Canola is already very expensive compared to other oilseeds, due to the tightening supply situation. Over the past month, crush margins have

lost over $60 per tonne, which means domestic processors, making $120 for every tonne of canola they crushed a month ago, are now making half that. Canola was actually a better deal for end-users when it was priced at its highs near $650 per tonne, than at current prices of about $610. Those processors book their supplies well in advance, and will keep running at a strong pace in the near term. However, the market will eventually do its job to ration demand, and another year of a record crush is now unlikely. International customers buying canola to crush themselves will also be forced to look to alternatives, which could lead to such things as China turning to cheaper palm oil over canola.

Harvest pressures

In the U.S., soybeans, corn and wheat were all lower during the week — with speculative longliquidation the feature in all three commodities. The U.S. Department of Agriculture releases production estimates of its own on Oct. 11, and pre-report positioning accounted for some of the selling. Seasonal harvest pressure contributed to the losses in soybeans and corn, while wheat saw some pressure from the improving moisture conditions in the southern U.S. Plains. Anecdotal harvest reports have been looking a little better than earlier expectations for both corn and soybeans, as farmers across the U.S. Midwest make quick progress bringing in this year’s crops. If either corn or soybeans see an unexpectedly large improvement on their 122.8 billion- and 35.3-billion-bushel respective estimates in the new USDA numbers, there could be an initial bearish reaction in the futures. However, the fact remains, supplies of both commodities are considerably tighter than they were a year ago. In 2011, U.S. farmers grew 147.2 billion bushels of corn and 41.5 billion bushels of soybeans. Just as with canola, the lost production will need to be rationed somehow, or else supplies will run out before the South American crops are ready in the spring. For wheat, U.S. farmers are in the midst of seeding next year’s winter wheat crop and could use some more moisture. More beneficial rainfall in the region would put some pressure on values, but the wheat market will also keep an eye on production issues in other parts of the world. There have been rumblings out of Russia recently that the country may limit exports this year due to drought issues and tightening supplies. If those rumours prove true, they would open the door for more North American exports. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Last Week

All prices close of business October 4, 2012

Week Ago

Year Ago


Chicago wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Minneapolis wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Coarse Grains US corn Gulf ($US)

US barley (PNW) ($US)

Chicago corn (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Chicago oats (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Oilseeds Chicago soybeans (nearby future) ($US/tonne) Chicago soyoil ($US/tonne)







Winnipeg Futures ICE Futures Canada prices at close of business October 5, 2012 Last Week

Week Ago

October 2012

Western barley



December 2012



March 2013



Last Week

Week Ago

November 2012




January 2013



March 2013



Special Crops Report for October 9, 2012 — Bin run delivered plant Saskatchewan Spot Market

Spot Market

Lentils (Cdn. cents per pound)

Other (Cdn. cents per pound unless otherwise specified)

Large Green 15/64

21.00 - 24.00


Laird No. 1

20.00 - 24.00

Oil Sunflower Seed

Eston No. 2

18.85 - 22.00

Desi Chickpeas

21.00 - 26.00 — 27.00 - 32.75

Field Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

Beans (Cdn. cents per pound)

Green No. 1

Fababeans, large

Feed beans

Feed Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

No. 1 Navy/Pea Beans

Feed Pea (Rail)

No. 1 Great Northern

Mustardseed (Cdn. cents per pound)

No. 1 Cranberry Beans

Yellow No. 1

35.75 - 36.75

No. 1 Light Red Kidney

Brown No. 1

30.75 - 31.75

No. 1 Dark Red Kidney

Oriental No. 1

23.50 - 24.75

No. 1 Black Beans

No. 1 Pinto Beans

No. 1 Small Red

Medium Yellow No. 1

10.50 - 11.75 7.75 - 8.75

5.00 - 7.70

Source: Stat Publishing SUNFLOWERS

No. 1 Pink

Fargo, ND

Goodlands, KS



Report for October 8, 2012 in US$ cwt NuSun (oilseed) Confection Source: National Sunflower Association

El Niño less likely, but Aussie crops still affected More dry weather expected, yield prospects have already been hampered By Colin Packham Sydney/Reuters


he chance of an El Niño weather pattern has declined in the last two weeks, the Australian Bureau of Meteorology said on Oct. 9, but the east coast of Australia is likely to stay dry for the rest of the year as a result of a warmer-than-average Indian Ocean, threatening greater crop loss. Pacific Ocean tempera-

tures have cooled during the last two weeks, the weather bureau said, the second consecutive fortnightly fall. Other indicators used to predict an El Niño weather pattern have remained near neutral since late July. “This is one of the more unusual events that anyone of us has seen,” said Andrew Watkins, manager of climate prediction at the bureau’s National Climate Centre. “We saw things barrelling

up (in) late August and early September, and we would normally have expected things to settle down, but instead it did a U-turn and headed away from what normally would have happened.” While the chance of an El Niño is declining, Watkins said the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) has persisted, and is likely to bring drier-thannormal weather across eastern Australia for the rest of the year.

An IOD is an oceanic and atmospheric phenomenon in the equatorial Indian Ocean that affects the climate of Australia and other countries surrounding the Indian Ocean basin. Further dry weather across the Australian east coast would be a further blow to the country’s wheat production, which has already been hampered by dry weather. Australia’s wheat production is likely to decline by more

than one million tonnes from the government’s most recent estimate, and fall 27 per cent from last year’s record crop, a Reuters poll showed earlier in October, as dry weather cuts yields. Much of the wheat potential has been lost from Western Australia, but analysts have also warned that New South Wales, where Australia’s highest-quality wheat is grown, would benefit from further moisture to aid crop growth.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Group eyes technology to turn garbage and straw into oil

Consultant Norm Mabon says it’s profitable on paper, but a pilot plant is needed to know for sure By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF / KILLARNEY


t looks good on paper but it sounds too good to be true. A Manitoba group is keen to find out if a Swiss machine can actually make synthetic crude oil out of garbage, straw and manure. “This does work on paper and is working in other places (including Germany),” consultant Normand Mabon said at a recent meeting hosted by the Killarney & District Community Development Corporation. “It may be worthwhile to try it in the field.” Mabon is part of a group trying to build a pilot plant to test the technology. The group — which includes Peter Blawat, another retired farm management specialist, and Ross Beavis, president of Advance Energy Resources — has conducted a preliminary investigation. “With enough money you can make anything work, but can you make money at it? That’s the important part,” said Mabon, a former provincial farm management specialist who now farms near Notre Dame du Lourdes. “A lot of people want to be green and they don’t care what the cost is. We don’t mind being green but it would be nicer if you could make money at it or at least break even.” Mabon’s team reviewed several biomass digesters and concluded Pyromex’s ultrahigh-temperature pyrolysis model is the most promising. They estimate a plant capable of processing 25 tonnes of biomass daily could generate $2 million in revenue and a $900,000 annual profit. Those are attractive numbers, but are based on half of the material coming from municipal carbon-based waste, which would earn the plant a $25-per-

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tonne tipping fee. And processing garbage, which has highly variable content, is tricky. The Swiss machine heats ground-up feedstock in the absence of oxygen to 1,250 C. At that temperature biomass almost instantly turns to gas. A complex process then turns the gases (mostly carbon monoxide and hydrogen) into syn-

“This does work on paper and is working in other places (including Germany). It may be worthwhile to try it in the field.” NORMAND MABON

thetic gas (syngas) under high pressure and then into crude synthetic oil. Syngas can also be used to generate electricity while synthetic oil fetches as much as $168 a barrel, Beavis said. Twenty-five tonnes of biomass would produce almost 34 barrels of synthetic oil a day. “If we can get one to work the way we say (on paper) then everybody can have one,” Mabon said. “And if we get up to 1,000 barrels a day in the province we can have our own refinery that makes it into jet fuel or diesel fuel.” Mabon’s group is offering to do pre-feasibility studies for any interested municipalities and, longer term, would be looking to farmers to invest in such plants.

G e t

t h e

Norm Mabon (l) and Ross Beavis spoke about the potential to make synthetic crude oil from garbage and other carbon-based products, including farm-produced biomass, at a meeting in Killarney Oct 3. Their study shows on paper it would be profitable here, but say a pilot plant would clearly determine its viability in Manitoba. PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Bumper pumpkin harvest expected High temperatures and drier conditions this year favoured both pumpkins and squash By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF


bumper pumpkin crop may result in some of the crop being left in the

fields. “The demand is good, but there will probably be too many pumpkins to be used up this year,” said Larry McIntosh, CEO of Peak of the Market. “Right across Canada, everybody had a good crop.” High temperatures and drier conditions this year seemed to favour both pumpkins and squash, he said. “Everything I hear sounds like a record crop in Manitoba, not just for our growers, but for growers in general,” said McIntosh. At times, getting pumpkins to turn their trademark orange can be a challenge. Not so this year, said George Schwabe of Schwabe Pumpkins north of Winnipeg. The third-generation vegeta-

Roland’s Arthur Cameron had the heaviest watermelon at this year’s Roland Pumpkin Fair weigh-in at 167 pounds. PHOTO: SUBMITTED

ble grower said even his often hard-to-ripen butternut squash were mature and ready to pick ahead of schedule. “We also grow a lot of unusual pumpkins, a lot of multi-coloured ones, and some of them get into the 120 days and over,” he said. “Some years that means cutting it close.”

After a few years of wet weather and unpredictable conditions, Schwabe welcomed this summer’s hot weather, even if he did a little irrigating along the way. “The fields we could irrigate, we did, but we got rain when it mattered the most, so I really can’t complain,” he said.

George and Melody Schwabe brave the cold to sell pumpkins at their Henderson Highway location, just north of Winnipeg. PHOTO: SHANNON VANRAES

Over the last 10 years, Schwabe has expanded his pumpkin patch from one acre to 15, making fall vegetables the focus of his business. He described pumpkins as a great way to increase the “fun factor,” adding they are far more pleasant to harvest than cucumbers.

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“When we’re selling them, we set up a huge display and we get all the kids coming in that are so excited,” he said. “It’s great.”

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He n r y B a n m a n w a s a l s o pleased with the way the weather treated his pumpkin patch this year, although he’s not looking for the same qualities as other pumpkin growers. “I had heard that you could grow giant pumpkins, so I tried it, and ever since I was hooked,” said the competitive pumpkin grower. The enthusiast from Schanzenfeld took first place in the Roland Pumpkin Fair’s pumpkin weigh-off Oct. 6 with a pumpkin that tipped the scales at 1,242.5 pounds — just slightly under his record-breaking 1,379.5-pound entry last year. “We’ll see how it goes this year,” he said in an interview before the weigh-off, adding he leaves his pumpkin on the vine until the day before it’s weighed — even if it’s snowing. Although pumpkins are the star attraction, the fair includes weigh-offs for other produce including watermelon. Roland Pumpkin Fair chair Art Cameron had the biggest watermelon at 167 pounds. According to Statistics Canada, 6,895 acres of pumpkins were planted in 2010, with an estimated farm gate value of $15.3 million.

Calves shot near Carberry RCMP asks for assistance

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Blue Hills RCMP report that two yearling calves valued at $900 each were shot Oct. 6 by “an unknown perpetrator” on a farmstead southeast of Carberry. RCMP and the Manitoba chief veterinarian’s office continue to investigate. Anyone with information on the crime is asked to contact the Carberry RCMP Detachment 204-834-2905 or Manitoba Crimestoppers at 1-800222-TIPS (8477).


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

CROPS Dry soils offer risks and rewards for fall nitrogen applications Placing nitrogen in the fall can reduce seedbed disruption and moisture loss in the spring By John Heard, MAFRI, Cindy Grant, AAFC and Don Flaten, University of Manitoba


ry soil conditions this fall offer both opportunities and challenges for fall nitrogen application. The risk and success of such operations depend on soil characteristics, weather conditions and machinery operations.


Usually growers are advised to delay application as long as possible in the fall so soils are cool, in order to prevent or delay conversion of ammonia-form N (NH3) to nitrate (NO3-), which is vulnerable to loss by leaching or denitrification. On poorly drained soils or highly leachable soils, growers may be advised to completely avoid fall application. But, leaching and denitrification losses occur only under wet soil conditions. The very dry soil profiles this fall mean soils will behave as well-drained sites, reducing the risk of losses from fall nitrogen applications. With the reduced risk of “wet weather losses,” growers may reconsider making applications on poorly drained soils, and may make “earlier-than-normal” applications on well-drained soils. This is illustrated in Figure 1, where early-fall applications of banded N on well-drained soils have full yield potential compared to spring applications. (Having N in place in the fall can reduce seedbed disruption and moisture loss from N applications next spring and may also speed up spring seeding.) Soils also appear to be cooling off, with many already dropping below 10 C in the evenings. The Manitoba Agriculture weather network of 35 stations measures soil temperature at a twoinch depth under sod (posted at SoilMoisture.aspx). This data may provide guidance in when to start applications. Applications are at low risk if they commence at 7 C to 10 C while soils are cooling. At 5 C there is

Remember — all fertilizer operations in Manitoba are to be completed by November 10 according to the Water Protection Act.

very slow conversion of ammonia-N to nitrate. Remember — all fertilizer operations in Manitoba are to be completed by November 10 according to the Water Protection Act.

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Dry soils are a challenge to insoil banded nitrogen application, especially anhydrous ammonia. When anhydrous ammonia is injected into soil, the ammonia (NH3) is dissolved in water and reacts to convert to ammonium (NH4+), which is positively charged and held by the cation exchange on the soil particles. Soil moisture is needed to allow the ammonia to convert and be retained in the soil, however, even in dry soils there is usually enough moisture present for this to occur. The major problem with dry soils is the clods or lumps can prevent a good seal, allowing the ammonia to be lost through large voids between clods before dissolution in moisture occurs. Indeed, nitrogen losses on lowmoisture soils are caused more by poor physical soil structure (soil tilth) than by a lack of moisture to chemically react with ammonia. Clay soils that are very dry will be cloddy or lumpy and may permit too much gaseous ammonia to escape (Figure 1). The zone of ammonia dissipation from the injection point is larger in dry soil, so although the soil may be difficult to work, deeper injection may actually be required. However, deep tillage of dry, clay soils may simply produce larger clods. Lighter-textured soils will have better tilth than dry, clay soils and will be more likely to


Effect of date of fall N application on wheat yield from fall-banded urea relative to spring-banded urea at depressional (poorly drained) and upper slope (well drained) slope positions.

Figure 1.

produce a good seal to retain the ammonia. Slot closure may be better on previously worked than on uncultivated soils if the soil flows and seals better. Such is not the case if soils were cloddy. Some cereal crops were harvested almost two months ago and the moisture that has been received may be sufficient to provide good tilth. Soil moisture and texture varies across the province, as does farm equip-

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ment. The only way to assess your soil conditions is a test run with your applicator. An application pass without N will indicate whether soils are too cloddy and injection slot closure is inadequate. If after making a round with N, you can still smell ammonia from the previous application, make adjustments in depth or closure modifications. Or wait for rainfall to improve soil structure.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Disappointing Canada canola harvest sets off battle for supplies Crushers are looking to keep expanded plants busy By Rod Nickel / Staff WINNIPEG / REUTERS


disappointing Canadian canola crop is setting up a tug of war between domestic crushers and exporters over supplies, with global vegetable oil markets already stretched tight by a droughtdamaged U.S. soybean crop. Canadian farmers were expected to shatter the record for canola production and harvest 15.4 million tonnes of the oilseed in 2012-13, according to Statistics Canada’s estimate last month. But a midsummer heat wave, disease and a recent windstorm that flung around entire rows of cut canola have chopped industry yield and harvest estimates dramatically.

The crop may still be bigger than last year’s record 14.5 million tonnes, but crushers and exporters expected more, after both groups set records in 201112. “I think exports are going to suffer,” said Don Roberts, analyst at Canada is the world’s biggest producer and exporter of canola and its shipments make up some two-thirds of the global trade. Selling canola’s processed products — oil to make vegetable oil or biodiesel and meal to feed livestock — is more lucrative than canola seed itself, and some crushers like Cargill Ltd. and Viterra Inc. are also seed exporters. Cargill has just announced plans to build a new 850,000-

tonne crushing plant near Camrose, Alta. The new facility is expected to be operating in time for the 2014-15 harvest. Other Canadian crushers include Bunge Ltd., Archer Daniels Midland Co., Richardson International Ltd. and Louis Dreyfus Corp. Crushers will be keen to sell canola oil to U.S. biodiesel makers because the competition, soybean oil, is in tight supply after the U.S. drought, Roberts said. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency this month boosted its mandate for biofuel production in 2013 to 1.28 billion gallons, up from this year’s one billion gallons. Roberts sees Canadian canola seed shipments dropping off to China, last year’s top

export market, and the United Arab Emirates. China may import more canola oil instead, he said. Japan and Mexico, usually among Canada’s top three export markets, are steady canola buyers. Canadian crushers have expanded rapidly in the past several years to keep pace with rising canola production. Canada crushed about seven million tonnes of canola in 2011-12. Lach Coburn, West Coast manager for Cargill Ltd., sees a strong fall canola export season getting underway, and expects domestic crushing also to remain brisk. The market has long-standing commitments to service in addition to new business currently on the books, he said.

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Japan corn users urge U.S. to limit ethanol Feed users have written to Washington By Risa Maeda TOKYO / REUTERS


ix key groups of corn users in Japan, the world’s biggest user of the grain, have urged the United States, the world’s biggest supplier, to cut back on using corn to make ethanol, so as to ease a supply shortage due to the worst drought in 56 years. In the first request of its kind, the Japanese groups, including Zen-Noh, the country’s biggest agriculture co-operative, asked Washington to consider a twoyear waiver of the so-called ethanol mandate to curb gains in U.S. corn prices. “This (price rise) has put great pressure on Japanese industries to seek alternative sources of corn and substitute feed grains,” the groups said in a Sept. 7 letter to U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack. “This can potentially lead to a long-term loss of export market share for U.S. producers.” The groups have received no reply yet, said an industry source who declined to be identified without authorization to speak to the media. Higher U.S. corn prices have prompted Japanese users to import non-U.S. corn and cheaper feed wheat this year, resulting in their imports of U.S. origin falling to 8.31 million tonnes in the first eight months, down 15 per cent from a year earlier. The ethanol mandate, formally named the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS), guarantees biofuels a share of the gasoline market. The RFS ser ves to limit exports and other uses of corn by requiring that 13.2 billion gallons of corn-based ethanol be produced in 2012 and 13.8 billion gallons in 2013, which are equivalent to 4.7 billion bushels and 4.9 billion bushels of corn, respectively, the letter said. That would take up almost half of estimated production in the marketing year to August 2013 as the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Sept. 12 pegged U.S. corn production in 2012-13 at 10.727 billion bushels. “We believe it is in the United States’ national interest, as well as Japan’s interest... that the playing field of the corn trade be levelled by waiving the RFS for at least two years in order to ensure adequate recovery of stocks and market access,” the groups said in their letter. In the United States, the governors of two poultry-growing states in August asked the Obama administration for relief from the requirement to use corn ethanol in gasoline, saying the grain was needed to feed livestock used to feed people.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Another record shattered as Manitoba soybean acreage soars


It’s no surprise why: Low production costs, high prices, improved varieties and availability of crop insurance is making “beans” a big money-maker By Daniel Winters co-operator staff / melita


anitoba farmers planted more soybeans in 2012 than ever before — but the record won’t last long. “If things go as planned, with a good spring and the seed supplies are there, I think reaching the million mark won’t be too difficult next year,” said Dennis Lange, a farm production adviser based in Altona. This year saw 845,000 acres of soybeans planted, up from 578,000 last year. That sharply rising figure shows just how quickly Manitoba farmers have taken up the legume, Lange said during a recent field tour hosted by the Westman Agricultural Diversification Organization (WADO). Soybeans are attractive because they’re relatively cheap to grow and fetch a good price. Seed costs are about $100 per acre, plus inoculant, and with herbicide-tolerant varieties, weed control is fairly straightforward, said Lange. Yields this year in the Melita area are coming in at 35 to 40 bushels an acre, with the Brandon area reaching the 50-bushel-an-acre range, said WADO manager Scott Day. “You do have the opportunity for very high yields with this crop from what we’ve seen in trials in other years,” said Day, adding that lateseason moisture is key. Garth Johnston, a crop consultant with Farmer’s Edge, said the Virden-area fields he’s seen were yielding 30 to 35 bushels, and with beans currently fetching $14 per bushel, soybean farmers will be very happy, he added. “I think it’s going to be nice,” he said with a laugh. “It’s going to help guys, especially looking at how low the canola yields were.” Farmers on the field tour were given some tips to push those returns even higher. To avoid shatter losses at harvest, the combine header must be set low enough to skim over a 2x4 laid flat on the ground. “If you can’t do that, you’ll be losing a lot of yield,” said Johnston, adding that “significant differences” have been seen by farmers harvesting the crop with flex headers or flex draper headers. Seedbed preparation with a roller makes a big difference for keeping pod height in a range that can be more easily picked up, said Lange. Inoculant is critical, he added. Liquid inoculant should be used on the seed, along with a granular form placed in the seed row.

101% of 5440

106% of L150*

Dennis Lange, a MAFRI farm production adviser based in Altona, explains soybean agronomy at the recent WADO field tour.   photo: Daniel Winters

“Soil testing is important, too,” he said. “If you have a field with 80 to 90 pounds of available nitrogen, you don’t want to be putting soybeans in that ground.” That’s because the soybeans, which need 150 to 200 pounds of N to produce a 35-bushel crop, may start off with early, heavy growth and then run out of the nutrient at the pod-filling stage. Too much N too early makes the plant lazy, and poor nodulation may occur, he said. Resist the temptation to seed too early, said Lange, because a crop that comes out of the ground quicker is always healthier than one left struggling with suboptimal soil temperatures. “Ideally, we like to say 10 C,” he said. The ideal seeding time appears to be from May 15 to 20, as the frost risk is high when harvesting beans seeded after that time. Soybeans like phosphorus, but prefer it to be already present in the soil. Putting down more than 10 pounds per acre can cause damage, especially in a dry year, so it’s best to build P soil reserves up with other crops first. “Most guys don’t even put

“If things go as planned, with a good spring and the seed supplies are there, I think reaching the million mark won’t be too difficult next year.” Dennis Lange

any phosphate down with the seed,” said Lange. The area south of the Tra n s - Ca n a d a h a s g o o d potential for adding more soybeans to crop rotations, and more growers are taking it up now that crop insurance is available, said Day. However, he noted soybeans leave very little residue on the surface — even less than peas — so areas with lighter soils might be left vulnerable to erosion, especially if soybeans are grown two years in a row. “Putting it into wheat stubble is probably not a bad idea in this area,” said Day.


*2011 YieldWorks and Demonstration Trials Always follow grain marketing and all other stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Details of these requirements can be found in the Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers printed in this publication.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Ample heat, subsoil moisture helps sunflowers soar National Sunflower Association of Canada looking at possible introduction of bird-repellent products used south of the border By Daniel Winters CO-OPERATOR STAFF / MELITA


t was a great summer to be a sunflower. “Yields are coming really good this year,” said Denis Touzin of Keystone Grain. “They like heat, and we had the heat.” With an unusually dry fall making a pre-Thanksgiving harvest possible for the first time in years, early reports are pegging yields at 2,500 to 3,200 pounds for confectionery types with good test weights and few disease issues. About 90,000 acres of sunflowers were seeded this spring, nearly triple the 2011 acreage. With roots reaching down five to seven feet, the crop was able to tap the generous amounts of subsoil moisture left over from last year’s deluge, said Touzin. However, the bumper crop is weighing on prices, said Mike Durand of Deloraine-based Nestibo Agra, which has been buying black oil varieties. “Yesterday I was at 28.5 (cents per pound), today I’m at 27,” he said. Confectioner y types, or “stripes,” are paying 27 for “round” and 28 for “long” shelled types, he added. Of course, a good year for sunflowers is also a good year for blackbirds. “There’s nothing worse than having your crop a month away from being put in the bin and it just being completely stolen,” said Claire Kincaid, a Wawanesa-based agronomist with the National Sunflower Association of Canada. At Westman Agricultural Diver-



Claire Kincaid, an agronomist with the National Sunflower Association of Canada explains sunflower disease and pest issues at a WADO field day near Melita. PHOTOS: DANIEL WINTERS

root to the stalk creating a lesion that surrounds the stem and choking off the flow of nutrients, which results in plants flopping over and reducing seed weight. Sclerotia may continue to grow as black lumps in the stem, return to the soil and cause problems in subsequent canola crops, Kincaid noted. However, spraying to prevent sclerotinia in sunflowers is problematic because it can attack the roots, leaves and heads. Weed control is another issue, and herbicide-tolerant sunflower hybrids using Clearfield and Express technology are being developed to control grass and broadleaf weeds in-crop, said Fred Parnow of Seeds2000, a Minnesota-based company working on both oil and confection varieties.

A sclerotinia-infected stalk with black fungus bodies visible.

“The other thing that’s really big in Canada is downy mildew resistance,” said Parnow. Even test plots never seeded to sunflowers have shown very heavy downy mildew infection in certain varieties, said Day, who advises growers to consider resistant hybrids, especially in the southwest part of the province.

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Hot, dry weather takes its toll on canola crop By Phil Franz-Warkentin

“There’s nothing worse than having your crop a month away from being put in the bin and it just being completely stolen.”

sification Organization test plots near Melita, swarms of blackbirds had flown away with a good portion of the data from a plot trial consisting of 10 confectionery and 10 black oil varieties. “In a couple of days the trial was cleaned out,” Kincaid said. “I don’t know how they flew away, they ate so much seed.” Scare cannons only work for a few days before the birds become accustomed to them. Mowing cattail-filled potholes when they dry out “can help,” said Kincaid, because they are nesting sites for blackbirds. Blackbird losses are of particular concern because they are not insurable. The sunflower industry group is lobbying for emergency use of various products registered south of the border. Avipel, a non-lethal, cracked corn-based bait that causes digestive discomfort for birds has shown some efficacy, said Kincaid. Some of the WADO plots showed signs of sclerotinia damage, a common pathogen that also infects canola. The soilborne infection can travel up the


Trait Stewardship Responsibilities

Notice to Farmers

Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Genuity®, Roundup Ready®, and Roundup® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. Used under license.

Hot, dry weather took a larger toll on the Canadian canola crop than many industry participants expected. The latest Statistics Canada survey pegs canola production at 13.4 million tonnes, a two-million-tonne drop from its previous forecast and well below the 14.5 million tonnes grown in 2011-12. Although one Winnipeg-based broker said “the number was unexpected by about 90 per cent of the trade,” Ken Ball of Union Securities said the warning signs were there. “Anybody who was paying attention knew the canola crop was below 14 (million tonnes),” said Ball. However, it was a surprise to see those fears confirmed so early by StatsCan and the question now is what the agency will say when it releases its December survey. The current survey was conducted before high winds wreaked havoc with canola swathes in Saskatchewan and Alberta, noted Mike Jubinville, of ProFarmer Canada. “It won’t be a surprise if this crop moves down to 13 million,” said Ball. Canola is becoming expensive compared to other oilseeds, and the latest production numbers may prompt potential buyers to make alternate plans, he added. Other crops saw less change. All wheat production is now forecast to be 26.7 million tonnes, down slightly from the 27.0 million forecast by StatsCan in its previous report, but still above the 25.3-million-tonne crop grown in 2011-12. Durum production was pegged at 4.4 million tonnes, up slightly from the previous forecast of 4.3 million and the year-ago level of 4.2 million. The barley number was a little low, as StatsCan lowered its estimate by about a million tonnes, to 8.6 million. That was still above the year-ago level of 7.8 million, but “suggests the balance sheet on barley will stay tight into the next year as well,” said Jubinville. Oats and flaxseed were both revised slightly lower, at 2.9 million tonnes and 518,200 tonnes respectively.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Alberta family sets world record with corn maze that’s also a QR code At 309,570 square feet, the QR code the Kraays cut into a corn maze is the largest on the planet By Alexis Kienlen

“It was a long process, but in the end, it was definitely worth it.”

fbc staff / lacombe


hen the Kraay family says, “Check out our website,” they mean

business. The Lacombe farmers have just earned a spot in the Guinness Book of World Records by constructing a corn maze that doubles as a QR code for their farm’s website. QR — short for quick response – is used on a host of products, and work much like a UPC bar code, but can be scanned with a smartphone with a QR-reading app. The matrix-like, two-dimensional codes typically consist of black modules (square dots) arranged in a square pattern on a (usually white) background. Making one of corn and dirt is a little trickier. “At first, we found that the dirt wasn’t black enough so we had to go in and till and make sure that no corn stalks were hanging over,” said Rachel Kraay. “The QR codes are very stark and it had to be very precise.” Kraay and husband Reuben had suggested Reuben’s parents, Ed and Linda Kraay, try corn mazes when they were transitioning out of hog farming. In 2005, the couple joined Ed and Linda in the business. The farm property is just 25 acres and, the 15 acres for the maze is rented. Since the field is rectangular and QR codes need to be square, they couldn’t use all of it. But at 309,570 square feet — roughly

Rachel Kraay

At 309,570 square feet — roughly seven acres — the Kraay maze easily beats the previous record of one acre. Supplied photo

seven acres — it easily beats the previous record of one acre.


To ensure it would actually link to www.kraayfamilyfarm. com, the couple went up in a helicopter numerous times and other helicopter pilot friends tested it by sticking their phones out the window while flying overhead. In order to qualify for the Guinness World Record, the Kraay family needed to take pictures of the QR code, video document the scanning of it from the air, and

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have video documentation of a surveying company checking the site. “It was a long process, but in the end, it was definitely worth it,” said Kraay. The family received a certificate saying they had won the world record. They aren’t included in the most recent printing of the book of world records, but there is a possibility they could be included in future editions and they now have the right to use the Guinness trademarks on their promotional material. “They have so many records that they don’t promise any-

thing,” said Kraay. “They put it online but they don’t promise it will be in the book.” The world record has generated a ton of press from national and international media, including CTV, CBC, ABC and CNN. Many bloggers have also written about the story. “Farmers think it’s interesting to do something different in the field and people in the tech world think it’s kind of cool, too,” she said. “It’s been really fun.” The Kraays plan their corn maze each year by starting with a picture. The maze has to be complicated, look nice from the air and present a challenge to visitors. The family works with a designer who helps create the concept using a computer model that is turned into a grid. “Making a maze yourself is not that easy and we want it to be fairly difficult,” said Kraay.

Maze making

The entire field is planted in May, the design marked by paint or flags, and then it is “cut out” using a mixture of herbicides and rototilling, depending on conditions that year. The farm opens to the pub-

lic at the end of July and stays open until the end of October. Making the corn maze is a lot more profitable than selling the corn, said Kraay. “This corn doesn’t go for a whole lot,” she said. “It’s only 15 acres so you don’t make a whole lot. We basically trade with our neighbour and he buys it for his cows, or he silages all our hay on the other side. It’s a nice, neighbourly relationship.” The corn variety was chosen for height and strong stalks. It produces a small cob that is unpalatable to humans, although that doesn’t stop people from tasting it. The corn is mixed with other feed when fed to the cows. Rachel estimates about 20,000 people come to the farm each season — with this summer’s good weather and all the media coverage boosting attendance this year. Admission is $12 for adults, and $10 for kids over age three. The farm is visited by families and schoolchildren and used for birthday parties and corporate events. Since opening in 2000, the Kraays have added a variety of attractions including peddle carts, a barn slide, mini-golf, jumping pillow, a barrel train, a tire mountain, corn bins, an automated chicken show, and live animals. The Kraays also host events such as family movie nights, and other family-friendly activities and offer a season pass to the farm. “We want people to come back every year and see something different,” she said.



Always follow grain marketing and all other stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Details of these requirements can be found in the Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers printed in this publication.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Tough conditions for Canadian, provincial plowing matches Neither heat, nor snow, nor rock-hard ground kept enthusiasts from competing in the provincial and national championships By Daniel Winters CO-OPERATOR STAFF / ALEXANDER


full week of plowing competitions wrapped up last Saturday, with entries from as far away as Ontario and New Brunswick doing their best to turn perfect furrows. Weather conditions on the field owned by the Bob Mazer family ranged from broiling hot sun, to light snow, strong winds, and rain. However there was one constant through the Manitoba Provincial Plowing Association matches followed by the Canadian Championships later on — the soil was bone dry and hard as rock. The baked black, heavy earth and a few stones made it tough going in places, said horse-plowing class competitor Art Gibson. On the first day of competition, the plow point on his riding plow got bent out of shape and he had to stop and get it straightened out before heading back into the furrows. “Hard, hard. Lumps like this,” he said, holding his hands about a foot apart. It was tough plowing, even for the tractor classes. Tom Ryall, a top competitor from Rivers who hails originally from Ireland, said the turned furrows were

“They told me that I should go compete with the tractor plows.” BRUCE GILMORE

filled with clods as hard as cobblestones. On the horse side, a record 15 teams, up from six last year, came out to compete. “Word is getting around, and more people are coming out to try something different,” said Lori Brooking, treasurer of the Manitoba association. Along with the swelling number of entries were a handful of notable firsts since the first provincial plowing match in 2006. Heather Manns hitched up her team of black Percheron mares, Coal and Krusty, to a vintage John Deere footlift sulky plow someone had unearthed in the Riding Mountain area after “that character Art Gibson told me I should try it.” Spectators were eager to chat with her — the first-ever female competitor in the Manitoba competitions.

Tractor plowmen compete in the Canadian plowing championships last week.

“So much for sneaking out and having a good time,” she said, wryly. Another first was a Haflinger team driven by Dan Fontaine of La Broquerie. Although about half the size of a typical plowing team, the stocky, wide-chested ponies kept pace with their much larger competitors. Fontaine’s horses were in top shape for plowing after pull-


ing a covered wagon with 3,000 pounds of gear on a 250-mile trail ride this past summer. “They hardly broke a sweat,” said Fontaine, with a smile, after over an hour in the furrow.

Modern technology

Bruce Gilmore, from Kelwood, brought a brand new, footlift Pioneer sulky plow to the competition. The plow, with a light-

weight welded square tubing frame, Oliver bottom, a safety shear pin and sealed bearings all around, cost $2,240 plus shipping from the factory in Dalton, Ohio. “I was plowing down in Austin and this guy told me that they still make brand new plows. So I looked into it,” said Gilmore. Continued on next page »

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Heather Manns, winner of the novice class.

The “Amish high-tech” plow turned such an excellent furrow that he was asked to refrain from using it in competition on the grounds that it gave him an unfair advantage over his competitors, all of whom were using decades-old steel yanked out of retirement from fencerows and the bush. “They told me that I should go compete with the tractor plows,” said the two-time Manitoba champion with a smile. Barb Boundy, secretary of the provincial association, said that for next year, newly manufactured horse-drawn plows will be accommodated. Lyle Mansfield, a familiar face to the Brandon-area equine community after 46 years behind the counter of the west-

ern shop that his father started, took to the field for the first time in the novice class with his Percheron-quarter-horse-cross team, Mandy and Katy, and a John Deere 262. “I’m just happy to be here,” said Mansfield, with a laugh.


Winners in the Canadian twofurrow conventional tractor plowing championship were Ontarians Barry Timbers in first place, followed by Ken Ferguson, and Nick Boundy of Boissevain, third. In the two-furrow reversible class, the Canadian champion was Brian Fried of Ontario. Junior champion was Carrie Davenport, of Ontario, the first-ever female to win the class.

Canadian horse champion was Nelson Sage, and second was Brad Linton, in the walking-plow class. First place in the Canadian sulky class was John Hildebrand, with Art Gibson second. Provincial champion in the senior tractor class was Tom Davenport, followed by Tom Ryall, and Nick Boundy, third. Prov i n c i a l w a l k i n g - p l ow champ was Brad Linton, followed by Nelson Sage, both from Ontario. Sulky champion was Art Gibson and Bruce Gilmore in second place. Heather Manns took first place in novice sulky, with Dan Fontaine and Lyle Mansfield in second and third place, respectively.

Nick Boundy of Boissevain prepares to turn the critical final furrow in the Canadian competition.

Bruce Gilmore shows off his brand new Pioneer sulky plow.

Dan Fontaine plows with a Haflinger team.



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Nelson Sage of Ontario, Canadian horse-walking plow champion.

Always follow grain marketing and all other stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Details of these requirements can be found in the Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers printed in this publication.

Hybrid $60/acre


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

One in eight of world population still going hungry: UN By Catherine Hornby ROME/REUTERS


ne out of every eight people in the world is chronically undernourished, the United Nations’ food agencies said Oct. 9, and aid groups warned that rising food prices could reverse gains in the fight against hunger. In a report on food insecurity, the UN agencies said 868 million people were hungry in 2010-12, or about 12.5 per cent of the world’s population, down more sharply than previously estimated from about one billion, or 18.6 per cent in 1990-92. The new figures, based on a revised calculation method and more up-to-date data, are lower than the last estimates for recent years that pegged the number of hungry people at 925 million in 2010 and 1.02 billion in 2009. “That is better news than we have had in the past, but it still means that one person in every eight goes hungry. That is unacceptable, especially when we live in a world of plenty,” said José Graziano da Silva, director general of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). “Most of the progress in hunger reduction was made until 2006, as food price levels continued to decline. With

the rise in food prices and the economic crisis that followed, there have been many fewer advances,” he warned. Food prices have risen over the past few months, fuelled by drought in the United States, Russia and other major grain exporters, and FAO expects prices to remain close to levels reached during the 2008 food crisis. But Graziano da Silva said the world can still achieve the Millennium Development Goal to halve the prevalence of undernourishment in the developing world by 2015. The goal is one of a series of targets adopted by world leaders at the United Nations in 2000 to slash poverty, hunger and disease in poor countries by 2015. Economic recovery, especially in the agriculture sector, will be crucial for sustained hunger reduction, according to the report by FAO, the World Food Program (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). “Agricultural growth involving smallholders, especially women, will be most effective in reducing extreme poverty and hunger when it generates employment for the poor,” the agencies said. They said factors holding up progress include grow-

Africa was the only region where the number of hungry grew over the period, to 239 million in 2010-12 from 175 million in 1990-92.

ing biofuel demand, financial speculation in food commodity markets and inefficiencies in food supply and distribution which lead to almost a third of total production being wasted.

“Biggest scandal”

Luca Chinotti from aid agency Oxfam said lack of political action to tackle high food prices, gender inequality, land

grabs and climate change risked reversing past gains in the fight against hunger. “The fact that... more than the population of the U.S., Europe and Canada are hungry in a world which produces enough for everyone to eat is the biggest scandal of our time,” he said. The vast majority of people suffering hunger, 852 million, live in developing countries,

where the prevalence of undernourishment is estimated at 14.9 per cent, the report found. In the past two decades hunger has fallen by nearly 30 per cent in Asia and the Pacific, due to socio-economic progress. Africa was the only region where the number of hungry grew over the period, to 239 million in 2010-12 from 175 million in 1990-92.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


Final Manitoba crop report for 2012 Abridged version — full report available on MAFRI’s website Provincial summary

• In Manitoba, the majority of acres have been harvested. The remaining crops to be harvested are mainly sunflowers and grain corn, with a few acres of soybeans, potatoes and alfalfa seed. • Crop yields in Manitoba were variable in 2012, largely dependent upon the amount and timing of precipitation during the growing season, temperatures during flowering, and level of disease pressure. • Crop quality for the majority of crop types was average to above average, due to lowerthan-normal disease pressure and good weather conditions during harvest. Smaller seed size was noted for some crop types. • Recent precipitation was welcomed. It will aid in germination and emergence of winter wheat and fall rye, fall fieldwork, fertilizer applications, and replenishing soil moisture reserves.

Southwest Region

Majority of the 2012 harvest is complete with only sunflowers and the odd field of corn still to be done. Winter wheat average yields ranged from 60 to 75 bu/acre with good quality. Fall rye yields averaged 45 to 55 bu/acre with good quality.

Hard red spring wheat averaged 40 to 55 bu/acre with good quality. Most is grading 1 CW with high protein. Barley averaged 45 to 60 bu/acre with average to below average quality due to lighter bushel weights. Oat yields were variable with the average being 60 to 70 bu/acre. Average to below-average quality was reported; hot and dry conditions resulted in light bushel weights. Canola yields varied with the average ranging from 25 to 35 bu/acre with good quality. Yields were impacted by disease and a poor start in the spring (flea beetle and cutworm damage). Flax yields averaged 20 to 25 bu/acre with good quality. Disease and dry conditions reduced yields. Hay supply looks to be adequate with most producers that needed to source feed having done so.

Northwest Region

Average yield of hard red spring was approximately 40 bu/acre with 40 per cent of the crop grading 1 CW. Oats averaged 80 bu/acre with 60 per cent grading 2 CW. Average barley yield was 50 bu/acre with 75 per cent grading 2 CW. Heat and moisture stress contributed to light weights in barley and oats. In general, low incidence of fusarium, ergot and wheat midge was reported.

Canola graded 90 per cent 1 CAN with yields averaging 23 bu/acre. Canola yields and quality were impacted by heat stress, higher incidence of aster yellows, and a variety of insect pest problems including Bertha armyworm, flea beetles and lygus bugs. Soybean average yields ranged above 45 bu/acre with very good quality. Winter wheat and fall rye seeded acres have decreased by at least 20 per cent from last year due to dry soil. Localized forage shortages exist where excess spring moisture events and previous years flood impacted tame and native hay lands exist, adjacent to Lake Manitoba, Dauphin and Winnipegosis.

Central Region

Winter wheat ields ranged from 50 to 95 bu/acre with average in the 75 to 85 bu/acre range. Protein ranged from nine to 13.7 per cen. The crop graded 2 CW or better; very little downgrading due to fusarium head blight and quality is generally good to excellent. Spring wheat yields varied widely, ranging from 30 to 70 bu/acre with most reporting 50 to 55 bu/acre, average for their areas. Barley yields ranged from 40 to 95 bu/acre, with the majority in the 70 to 85 bu/acre range. Quality is generally good with low fusarium

Canola yields were disappointing for many. Yields were variable, ranging from 15 to 50 bu/acre, averaging around 25 to 30 bu/acre. Edible bean harvest is complete. Yields range from 1,200 to 2,500 lbs/acre, averaging 1,800 lbs/acre. Quality is good, with some reports of cracked seed coats or green seeds. Soybean harvest is almost complete. Yields vary from 20 to 50 bu/acre, averaging between 25 to 30 bu/acre. Pastures are in fair to poor condition, due to lack of rainfall. Hay fields are in fair to good condition, also suffering from low rainfall. There is a reasonable supply of all classes of feed, including straw, for a portion of the region, but a number of areas report some concerns with feed supply. Subsoil moisture is depleted and requires recharge in much of the region. Dugouts and wells are lower than normal for this time of year.

Eastern Region

Across the region, winter wheat average yield was 80 bu/acre with most of the crop grading 2 CW. Hard red spring wheat average yield was 50 bu/acre with 40 per cent of the crop grading 1 CW and 60 per cent grading 2 CW. Oats average yield was 90 bu/acre with 60 per cent of the crop grading 2CW and the bal-

ance grading either 3CW or 4CW. Barley average yield was 55 bu/ acre. Canola average yield was 25 bu/acre with 50 per cent of the crop grading 1 CAN and the balance grading 2 CAN. Winter feed supplies in southern and central districts of the Eastern Region were rated as 80 to 100 per cent inadequate for hay, mostly adequate for straw and greenfeed and at least 80 per cent inadequate for feed grain. Producers were expecting to market their calves earlier this fall in an attempt to conserve feed supplies.

Interlake Region

Harvest is 95 per cent complete with some corn and sunflowers left in the south Interlake, and some soybeans and alfalfa seed remaining in the north Interlake. Yield summary for annual crops is as follows: winter wheat 65 bu/ acre, fall rye 85 bu/acre, spring wheat 40 bu/acre, oats 70 bu/ acre, barley 60 bu/acre, flax 20 bu/acre, canola 28 bu/acre, field peas 38 bu/acre, soybeans 35 bu/ acre, corn 100 bu/acre, and confection sunflowers 2000 lbs/acre. Fall tillage is 80 per cent complete as conditions have been too dry for effective results. Fall fertilization has not yet started due to dry conditions. Feeding on pastures is general grazing hayfields or stockpiled except for those producers that are forages.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


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index Tributes/Memory Announcements Airplanes Alarms & Security Systems AnTiqueS Antiques For Sale Antique Equipment Antique Vehicle Antiques Wanted Arenas

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Swather Accessories Haying & Harvesting Various COMBineS Belarus Case/IH Cl Caterpillar Lexion Deutz Ford/NH Gleaner John Deere Massey Ferguson Versatile White Combines Various Combine Accessories Hydraulics Irrigation Equipment Loaders & Dozers Parts & Accessories Salvage Potato & Row Crop Equipment Repairs Rockpickers Snowblowers/Plows Silage Equipment Specialty Equipment

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Pinzgauer Red Poll Salers Santa Gertrudis Shaver Beefblend Shorthorn Simmental South Devon Speckle Park Tarentaise Texas Longhorn Wagyu Welsh Black Cattle Composite Cattle Various Cattle Wanted LiVeSTOCK hORSeS Horse Auctions American Saddlebred Appaloosa Arabian Belgian Canadian Clydesdale Draft Donkeys Haflinger Miniature Morgan Mules Norwegian Ford Paint Palomino Percheron Peruvian Pinto Ponies Quarter Horse Shetland Sport Horses Standardbred Tennessee Walker Thoroughbred Warmblood Welsh Horses For Sale Horses Wanted LiVeSTOCK Sheep Sheep Auction Arcott Columbia Dorper Dorset Katahdin Lincoln Suffolk Texel Sheep Sheep For Sale

Sheep Wanted LiVeSTOCK Swine Swine Auction Swine For Sale Swine Wanted LiVeSTOCK poultry Poultry For Sale Poultry Wanted LiVeSTOCK Specialty Alpacas Bison (Buffalo) Deer Elk Goats Llama Rabbits Emu Ostrich Rhea Yaks Specialty Livestock Various Livestock Equipment Livestock Services & Vet Supplies Miscellaneous Articles Miscellaneous Articles Wanted Musical Notices On-Line Services ORGAniC Organic Certified Organic Food Organic Grains Personal Pest Control Pets & Supplies Photography Propane Pumps Radio, TV & Satellite ReAL eSTATe Vacation Property Commercial Buildings Condos Cottages & Lots Houses & Lots Mobile Homes Motels & Hotels Resorts FARMS & RAnCheS British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Pastures Farms Wanted

Acreages/Hobby Farms Land For Sale Land For Rent

Oilseeds Pulse Crops Common Seed Various

ReCReATiOnAL VehiCLeS All Terrain Vehicles Boats & Water Campers & Trailers Golf Carts Motor Homes Motorcycles Snowmobiles Recycling Refrigeration Restaurant Supplies Sausage Equipment Sawmills Scales

FeeD/GRAin Feed Grain Hay & Straw Hay & Feed Wanted Feed Wanted Grain Wanted Seed Wanted Sewing Machines Sharpening Services Silos Sporting Goods Outfitters Stamps & Coins Swap Tanks Tarpaulins Tenders Tickets Tires Tools

SeeD/FeeD/GRAin pedigreed Cereal Seeds Barley Durum Oats Rye Triticale Wheat Cereals Various peDiGReeD FORAGe SeeDS Alfalfa Annual Forage Clover Forages Various Grass Seeds peDiGReeD OiLSeeDS Canola Flax Oilseeds Various peDiGReeD puLSe CROpS Beans Chickpeas Lentil Peas Pulses Various peDiGReeD SpeCiALTy CROpS Canary Seeds Mustard Potatoes Sunflower Specialty Crops Various COMMOn SeeD Cereal Seeds Forage Seeds Grass Seeds

TRAiLeRS Grain Trailers Livestock Trailers Trailers Miscellaneous Travel Water Pumps Water Treatment Welding Well Drilling Well & Cistern Winches COMMuniTy CALenDAR British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba CAReeRS Career Training Child Care Construction Domestic Services Farm/Ranch Forestry/Log Health Care Help Wanted Management Mining Oil Field Professional Resume Services Sales/Marketing Trades/Tech Truck Drivers Employment Wanted

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

AUCTION DISTRICTS Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.

The Pas

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman



Birch River

Swan River Minitonas Durban






Gilbert Plains

Fisher Branch

Ste. Rose du Lac Russell



Riverton Eriksdale



Minnedosa Neepawa


Rapid City

Reston Melita






Pilot Mound Crystal City

Elm Creek


Ste. Anne



Lac du Bonnet


FOR MORE INFO CONTACT OWNER: Tweed Farm Equipment @ 204-665-2260 Clark 204-522-5028 Rolly 204-747-4143





Stonewall Selkirk









Lundar Gimli

Shoal Lake

St. Pierre


Morris Winkler Morden



DIRECTIONS: Sale will be held at the Dealership in Medora, MB right on #3 Hwy (Medora is located on #3 Hwy between Deloraine and Melita, MB) ORDER OF SALE: 9:00 – 10:00 (Office Furniture & Office Equipment, Shelving) 10:00 – 2:00 (Parts, Bolts, Tires, Pallet Lots, Hand Tools, Shop Tools, Shop Equipment , Fuel tanks) 2:00 PM Internet Bidding Starts (Trucks, Trailers, Fork Lifts, Ford 9030, Harrows, Sprayer, Grain Cart) Then if any remaining parts or misc. we will go back and finish after equipment.


Red River

ANNOUNCEMENTS LESSE GILBERT & COLLEEN Soucy of Laurier MB, intend to sell Private Land (SW 13-22-16W) to Collin Gamache, who intends to acquire the following Crown Land (NW 16-22-16W) 1/2 subject to resv. for water spreading purposes by unit transfer. If you wish to comment on or object to this transfer write directly to: MAFRI Agricultural Crown Lands PO Box 1286 Minnedosa MB R0J 1E0. Phone (204)867-6550, fax (204)867-6578.

ANTIQUES ANTIQUES Antiques For Sale 1956 INTERNATIONAL S120 TRUCK, to be restored, $1500 OBO. Phone:(204)855-2212. CANADIAN PACIFIC DEPOT BAGGAGE wagon w/steel wheels & roller bearings. Always stored under cover, in excellent condition. $450 OBO. Phone (204)764-2015. LARGEST COIN & PAPER money auction sale in Western Manitoba - at Rapid City on Sat., Oct. 20,2012 9:30a.m. sharp. Featuring over 700 units, some of the finest silver we have ever had to sell. For sale bills Phone Hyndman’s Auction: (204)826-2092. Rapid City, MB.

ANTIQUES Antique Equipment 40 DEERE CRAWLER, NEW paint, pins, bushings, PTO, AR, nice condition overall; Fairbanks Model2, kero on steel skids w/firewood swing table mandiel; 1928 5pass ModelA sedan, older resto, very nice, good runner.Phone:(204)447-2240. NEW TRACTOR PARTS and engine rebuild kits, specializing in hard to find parts for older tractors, tractor seats, service and owners manuals, decals and much more, our 38th year! 1 800-481-1353,

AUCTION SALES AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland EMIL ZARIWNEY Farm & Auto Auction Sale Sun., Oct. 14th 10:00AM Newdale, MB. 3-mi South of Newdale on #250 & 1/2-mi West on #88N. Reminder for this sale including: 1976 IH tandem grain truck; approx 12 vehicles; 750 Combines, NH Swather; Sperry NH 855 Baler; NH sq Baler; Stone Picker; Cultivators; Deep Tiller; Sprayer; Forage Cutter; Augers; Tumblebug Scraper; Stock Trailer; Welder; Chain Saws; Toolboxes/Tools; Autobody Tools. Alfalfa/Hay mix Round Bales, approx 2,000bus of Oats; 18-in. English Saddle, Scrap Iron & much more. See last week’s Manitoba Co-operator for listing or check the website for listing & photos or call us for info. Hudson Auction Service (204)764-2447 Cells: (204)764-0288 or (204)764-0173 Website: GARTON’S AUCTION SERVICE will be conducting a Farm Consignment Auction on Oct. 13th, 2012 at Oil Depot. 305 Buchannon Ave (Hwy 5 &10 West) Dauphin, MB. Sale will include: 1986 Gleaner R7 sp combine; 1980 IH 1480 combine; 710 JD DSL tractor; MF 135 gas tractor c/w FEL White 1370 DSL tractor; 2003 CIH RBX 562 rd baler; NH 273 sq baler; 1995 JD 590 36-ft. PT swather; JD 580 18-ft. PT swather; IH 75 21-ft. PT swather; JD 300 15-ft. hydra swing haybine; NH 1033 sq bale wagon; JD 230 30-ft. Straight cut header c/w transport; Morris 50-ft. harrow packer bar; NH 355 grinder mixer, Mckee 3 chain stack/bale mover; 2002 HLA 2 prong bale fork to fit JD loader; 2003 Ezee On loader, bucket & grapple; JD grapple fork to fid JD 640 or 740; 3T rubber tired 4 wh farm trailer; 28-ft. 2008 Cherokee fifth wheel; 2011 Polaris 500 Sportsman Quad; 2008 Kawasaki KUF650 “Brute” Quad; 1990 Kawasaki 300 quad; 1999 Yamaha Big Bear 400 quad plus a large quantity of yard & shop items. Visit www. for complete listing & pictures.

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman LARGE TOY AUCTION for Mr. Ronald North Saturday, October 20th at 10:00am Austin, MB in the Austin Hall Mostly John Deere Precision Classics Collector Editions Shelf models 1/64 scale Pewter Tractors, Crawlers Airplanes Accessories Construction Toys Model of Mr John Deere’s House 1/8th to 1/64 scale For Detailed Listing & Photos Check Our Website Terms Cash credit card or cheque with I.D Lunch served Sale conducted by Nickel Auctions Ltd Dave Nickel auctioneer Phone (204)637-3393 Cell (204)856-6900 E-mail: Contact Tim North (204)637-2480

TRACTORS: *1991 Ford 9030 Bidirectional Tractor, 102 HP FEL, engine end hitch & Loader end hitch, 3 PT, 16.9 x 28 Rubber, 6329 hrs (original hours), 540/1000 PTO, NOTES: this unit has been used only around the dealership since 1994.SPRAYERS: *1995 120’ Bourgault 850 Exterminator PT Sprayer w/hyd pump, mix n fill tank, 833 gal Poly Tank, auto fold, disk markers *Hardi 24’ 3 PT Sprayer w/ 132 gal Poly Tank, PTO Pump, Hand Sprayer Wand SEED & TILLAGE EQUIPMENT: *2009 90’ Bourgault 6000 Mid Harrow w/ big rubber *2005 90’ Bourgault 6000 Mid Harrow GRAIN CARTS: *2009 Bourgault 1200 Grain Cart w/ roll tarp, 1000 PTO drive, 18” Unload Auger, Approx 1200 bushel, Note: this unit is like new. It was only used for part of one season.TRUCKS: *2006 Ford 550XL Service Truck w/165” wheel base, Crane reinforced body w/out riggers, 6000 lb auto crane, Miller Bobcat 225 AC/DC welder w/10,000 watt generator w/35.7 hrs, Champion air compressor w/ hose & reel, 8 HP B & S engine, 6L Diesel, GVWR 19000 lb (8618 kg), 224/70R - 19.5 tires, 6.0 x 19.5 Steel whls, Beacons, duals, Work Lights, Rear Hitch Socket, A/C, Auto Trans, 140,205 mi. (approx 225,600 kms) SAFETIED *2004 IHC 9200i Eagle w/13 Spd, CAT - C12 - 431 HP engine, 72” Hi Rise Sleeper, Air Ride Suspension, 11R 22.5, Headache Rack, Wet Kit, Beacons, Rear Hitch, Wide Load Sign Front Mounted, A/C, Cruise, Tilt, 12000 Front, 40000 Rear, 615,827 kms showing, SAFETIED, Purchased 8/5/05 w/ 489,500 kms showing *2002 Ford F750 w/5.9L Cummins Diesel, 6 Spd Transmission, Electric/Air Drivers Seat, Bucket Seats, Rear Hitch, Wet Kit, Rear Weight Kit 8’ x 16’ Steel Deck, hide away 5th wheel ball, Side Mount Storage box, Headache Rack, Beacons, Wide Load Sign - Front Bumper Mount, A/C, Cruise, Tilt wheel, 10R 22.5 Rubber, Duals, GVWR 30,000 lbs,(13607 kg), 92907 kms, Bought New, SAFETIED *1996 Ford F450 Super Duty w/7.3L Power Stroke, 5 Spd Transmission, 8’ x 12’ Aluminum Deck, hide away 5th wheel ball, 3 Storage Compartments w/ Tool box, Wet Kit, LT235/85R16, Duals, Rear Hitch, Beacons, Rear Work Lights, A/C, Cruise, tilt, GVWR 15000lb., 6803 kg, 294300 kms showing, Bought NEW, SAFETIED TRAILERS: *2012 Lode King Tri Axle Step Deck Trailer, 53’ x 102” Aluminum w/ Fir Deck, LED Lighting, Strobe Lights on Rear, Aluminum Pull Out Wide Load Lights, Rear Impact Bumpers, Tie Down winches w/ Jay Hooks, chain Pull Outs, 2 - 48” x 18” x 24” tool boxes, Mounted Air Gauge, 8.25 x 22.5 Aluminum Wheels, 255/70R 22.5 Michelin, Mud flaps, Stone Guard Mounted Under Deck, Approx. 5000 kms on the unit (Like new), Bought NEW, SAFETIED, s/n2LDSD5334CG052849 *1998 Norberts 16” T/A Flat Deck Trailer, ST225/75R15, Bought NEW FORK LIFTS: *2004 Sellick SD80 Fork Lift ,4 WD, 8000 lb Lift Capacity, Side Shift, Fork Positioning, 72” forks, 7785 Hrs, Cab, 169” Lift Height (2 Stage) *1994 Hyster H190XL Fork Lift s/n E007D01931R, 19000 lb cap, cab, 2 stage mast, A/C, 48” Forks (Manual adjustable forks 183” lift height (2 stage), 2800 hrs showing, Air Brakes *1989 Hyster H190XL fork Lift,19000lb Cap, 2 Stage Mast, 48” Forks, Cab, A/C, Air Brakes, Hyd Individual Fork positioning 5278 hrs showing, 183” Lift Height (2 stage) *Fork Lift Forks *Forklift Mount- Equipment Moving hitch OFFICE FURNITURE, EQUIPMENT & ISLAND SHELVING: *Reception Desk (U shape) Approx. 13’ x 9’ with key board tray, Single pedestal work area, 4 draw file cabinet, 7 door storage lower level & 6 door upper storage *Office chair *Dell Vostro 220 Computer Tower w/ Windows 7 Pro *Lg Flat Screen Monitor *APC Battery Back-Up *HP Photo Smart 7660 Printer *Texas Instrument Printing calculator *Panasonic KX-DT343 Receptionist Phone, with 9 Panasonic KX-T7667 office phones, KX-TVM50 Voice Processing System, KX-TDA30 Voicemail. System includes automated answering, voice mail for each phone. 2 years old-purchased from MTS. OFFICE #1 *Double Pedestal Metal Desk *Leather Executive Chair *3 piece wall shelf *Small floor shelf OFFICE #2 *Dbl Pedestal Wooden Desk w/ credenza *Office chair *(2) Customer Chairs *Dell Vostro 420 Computer Tower w/ Vista *Accu Flat Screen *APC Battery Back-Up OFFICE #3 *Office Chair *2 double wall shelves *small wood desk *Coffee Area *Stacking Chairs *Goldstar Microwave *(2) Water Cooler *Single Drawer Coffee Stand *Coffee Maker *Proctor-Silex Toaster Oven OFFICE #4: *Dbl Pedestal Metal Desk *Office Chair *Dell Pentium 4 Computer Tower (XP) *2 Draw file cabinet *Dell Flat Screen Monitor *APC Battery Back-up PARTS COUNTER AREA: *Dell Vostro 17 computer Tower w/ Windows 7 *Accu Flat Screen Monitor *APC Battery Back-Up *(2) Dell Pentium4 Tower Computer w/ Window XP Pro *(2) APC Battery Back-Up *APC Battery Back-Up *Lexmark P3150 Scanner/Copier/Printer *HP OfficeJet 4315 All-in-one Printer/Fax/Scanner/Copier *HP DeskJet 9800 Printer *HP 1040 Fax Machine *Smith Corono PWP1400 Electric Word Processor *Compaq Presario 1235 w/Windows 98 Laptop *Dell Inspiron 2500 w/Windows XP Laptop *Dell Inspiron 6400 w/Windows XP Laptop *Dynex 26” Flat Screen Television *Misc Keyboards, etc. OFFICE #5: *Dbl Pedestal Wooden Desk *HP Deskjet 932C Printer *Dell Pentium 4 w/Windows XP *Samsung Flat Screen Monitor *(2) Customer Chairs *3 Draw file cabinet *Photocopier/Printer/Fax - Kyocera KM-3035 B/W Copier, Scanner, fax - 2 paper sizes 8.5 x 11 & 8.5 x 14 *Selection of Dbl Sided Island shelving w/ pegboard back & ends *Simplex Bravo Digital Time Card System SHOP EQUIPMENT & SHOP TOOLS: *Karcher Professional Series Hot Water Washer, (Bought New Jan 2012), 285 degree Max Temp, 220/240 Volt, 1 HP *DeVilbiss VAP5050 2 cyl Shop Compressor w/ 5HP motor *6 Station Oil Dispensing Stand w/6 Barrels, filling pump, drain tray w/catch basin *Gates PC707 Digital Hose Crimper w/Dies *Curtis Toledo Hydraulic Hose Cutter *Roller Chain Cutter/breaker *HD Work Bench w/vise on holders for hyd hose and chain rolls *Idealarc 250 ARC Welder *ESAB Migmaster 250 Mig Welder *FMC 7600 DP Tire Changer *Hand Drum Mover *Clamp Kits *Work order file holder *4 bolt Bins Loaded *Selection of Heavy Duty Pallet Rack Shelving *Selection of Shop Ramps & Racks *Portable Shop Benches *HD Transmission Jack *Engine Splitter Stands *Shop Stands *Bank of 6 Lockers *Several Shop Shelving Units *AC Delco Metal Parts Cabinets *Ladders & Stools *Shop Creepers *Microfishe 995 w/slides *Selection of plastic parts bins *Battery Tester *Battery charger/Boosters *Selection of Rubber air Hose *Air Hose Reels *Oil Filler Hose Reels *Jacks *Booster Cables *Shop Vac *Snow Shovels *Shop Bars *Large Selection of 3/8 Grade 70 Transport Chains *Selection of Load Binders *Lift Slings *Come-a-long *Chain Hoists *Shop Crane *Shop Press (20 ton) w/ dies *Rockwell Drill Press, 8 speed *Hitachi Chop Saw *Selection of HD Vises *Snap-On combination Puller set *Magnetic Lights *Snap-On Trouble Lights on retractable reels *HD Truck Ramps *Wheel chocks *Snap-On Mechanics Stools *Cable Cutter *Pressure Test Kits (Hyd, sprayer, fuel, etc) *Selection of Socket Sets *Selection of flat wrenches & hand tools *Selection of Air tools & Impacts *Angle grinders, drills, saws, etc *Selection of Torque Wrenches up to 600lbs, 3/4 drive *Bushing reamer kits *Cooling system Test Kits *Mac Puller Sets *Selection of Specialized Tools for Dealer shops *Tap & Die Sets *Dial Indicators, micrometer sets *Cummins Injector Test Kit *Selection of Pullers *U Joint service kits *King Pin Removal Tools *Blue Point Air conditioning Kit (Leak detection) *Ball joint kit *Selection of Cordless Tools (Makita & Dewalt) *Video Stik Inspection Scope *Multi Meters *Valve Seat Cutters *Lincoln 12 Volt Grease Gun *Hoppy Headlight Aimer *Soldering Gun *Welding Rods & Brazing Rods *Drill bits, Reamers, Hammers *Snap-On Bushing Driver Kit *Mac Tools Power Steering Kit *Blue Point Digital Tachometer *Air Greaser *3 Compartment Oil Tank w/ air pump system *Sockets (Impact, Axle Hub, etc) *36” Clipper Roll Belt Lacing Machine *Portable Air Tank *Air/Hyd 20 Ton Bottlejacks *10 Ton, 6 Ton & 3 Ton Shop Stands etc *4 Ton Trans Jack *1/2 Ton Telescopic Transmission Jack *Snap-On 1 ton Trans Jack *HeinWernes 5 Ton Air/Hyd Bumper Jack *Snap-on 10 ton Floor Jack *(2) Bench Grinders on Stands *Semi Dual Wheel dolly *(2) Parts Washers *(2) Metal Cutting Band Saws (1 has coolant) *Torch Cart *10 ton Hyd. Port-a-power kit w/tooling *Oxy/Acct Torch Set *Transfer Tanker Oil Change Pan w/pump *Oil change Tub *Gear Oil dispenser *Selection of Truck Hitches *Large Selection of NEW (Bolts, nuts, washers, u-bolts, lights, log bolts) *Metal banding tool kit w/banding and clips *Kubota 3000 watt Generator *Trailer lights and air test station *Coleman Portable Twin Tank Air Compressor w/5HP Honda *Trailer lights and air test station220 extension cord *Trailer lights and air test stationPF5A air cond recovery Unit (R134) *Trailer lights and air test stationAir Conditioning Pumps & meters *Trailer lights and air test stationHyd Flow Meter & Pressure Tester *Trailer lights and air test stationTop & bottom Tool Chest TRUCK ACCESSORIES: *Pilot Vehicle wide load signs *Hitches *Truck Tool boxes *Selection of Ratchet Straps *5000 lbs Counter Weights BOURGAULT AIR SEEDER PARTS: *Tubes *Manifolds *Markers *Midrow Bander parts *Hitches *Cylinders *Shank Assemblies *Knock on knife holders *Extension Stubs *(4) Sections of P20 Coil Packers *(7) Sections of 3 1/2” Steel Packers for air drills PARTS: *NEW Melroe Pick-up Roller 12’ *PTO Shafts *Tires & Rims (New & Used) *Chem Mix Tanks CONDITIONS: Everything removed from Building by 5:00 PM Friday, October 26th, 2012 AUCTIONEERS NOTES: After 69 years of serving the farm community Tweed Farm Equipment is closing. They wish to sell by Unreserved Auction all of the assets of the Dealership. Tweed’s has been very well known for their customer service and their reputation in the Ag Industry is second to none. Everything has been very well cared for and is in excellent condition. Don’t miss this Sale.


TRACTORS: *1972 4320 JD Tractor w/ Cab, new starter, battery and front tiree, VG condition, Overhauled 2000 hrs ago, use no oil, *JD 2010 DSL 2 WD Tractor w/ JD36A Loader, Single Hyd, 540 PTO HARVEST EQUIPMENT: *TX66 NH combine, s/n 8225074, 2442 Sep Hrs showing, 3270 Eng Hrs showing *25’ 725 PT Case Swather HAYING: *NH 499 Haybine SEED & TILLAGE: *1991 Summers Flex-Wing 70’ Harrow Bar, bought new from Miller (Shoal Lake) *60’ 1810 Deep Tiller Summer Harrows, 3 Bar GPS SYSTEM:*GPS System Mid Tech LOADERS & ATTACHMENT: *Allied 760 FEL Bucket & Brackets (130 OR 140 hp) *8’ Tractor Mount Blade (Adjustable Angle) w/ Hyd Cylinder *Degelman Rock Rooter SEMI TRUCKS & TRUCKS: *1999 Freightliner Classic *1974 Ford 1 Ton Grain Truck (As Is) 390 Eng, 4spd, 7’ x 11’ wood box w/roll tarp, VEHICLE: *1999 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Ext Cab, red, NEW Tires, New Rear End, 319804 kms showing, SAFETIED *1999 F250 Truck, 7.3 Diesel, Ext Cab, Green, 4 WH Drive,4 new plugs, bumper hitch TRAILERS: *2011 NEW 30’ Dressen Gooseneck Flat Deck Trailer, 2 - 10,000 Tandem Suals, Center Pop-up, Flip over ramps *1992 Douper 42’ Tri-Axle Grain Trailer, 3 hopper, NEW tarp *18’ T/A Flat Deck Car Hauler Trailer w/fold down ramps, hide-away ramps, mounted tool box, 12 volt winch INDUSTRIAL: *Mobile Lift - Fork Lift, 12” High, s/n7031 *Case 585C Forklift, Brakes not working, 4309 hrs showing 3 PT EQUIPMENT: *6’ Howse Roto Tiller, s/n0521120237, NEW *4’ Howse Roto Tiller, s/n0312120771, NEW *5’ Howse Finishing Mower, NEW LAWN & GARDEN, & LEISURE: *Kubota GF1800 dsl Front Deck Mower, 275 hrs showing *Columbia Gas Golf Cart *Flat Bottom John Boat, Poly SHOP TOOLS: *(10) NEW Magnum Gold Easy Kleen, 4000 PSI 12V Hot Water Pressure Washer C/W 15 HP Gas, totally Self Contained *Large Selection of Farm Shop hand tools – wrenches, pliers, sockets, chisels, punches, etc *Large Selection of Air Tools & Electric Tools – Drills, Grinders, Impacts, etc. AUTOMOTIVE PARTS: *(6) Chevy Value Covers *Chevy Racing Oil Pan *Chevy Big Block Header MANUALS: *Assorted Manuals (97) GRAIN HANDLING: *Ultima 4000 Deluxe Conveyair Grain Handling System, 1986, s/n4000 700 *DMC Model 40 Grain Cleaner, s/n40-80 208 *Grain Dryer CATTLE HANDLING EQUIPMENT: *(15) Corral Panels *(2) Head Gates *Portable Loading chute LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT: *Haybuster H1000 Big Bite, newer conveyer belt, new v Belt, 2 - 3 good size hammers, 2 screens *NDE New Direction Equipment Cutter-Mixer Wagon, Model 402, Electric Scale, very good working order, *Highline Bale Pro, 6600, 1000 PTO FARM WAGON: *8’ X 10’ HD s/a Farm Wagon w/ Pintle Hitch Not responsible for errors in description. Subject to additions and or deletions. Property owners and Fraser Auction Service not responsible for any accidents. GST & PST where applicable. TERMS: Cash or cheque. NOTE: cheques of $50,000 or more must be accompanied by bank letter of credit.


Licensed and bonded. P.L. License #918093. Member of M.A.A., S.A.A., A.A.A., A.A.C.

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Acreage/ Antique Auction Henri & Marie Enns Sun., Oct. 14th, 11:00am. Woodlands Jct Hwy 6 & 518 North 5-mi on 518. Auction Note: The Place is Sold so Everything Sells to the Highest Bidder! Contact: (204)474-1684. Tractor & Yard: 16-in. Canoe; JR AR Styled Tractor w/ Saw Mandrel; Ford 128 Garden Tractor hyd w/Mower Deck & Roto Tiller Attach; JD Hyd R Mower & Roto Tiller Attach; Ariens Snowblower; Yamaha 4 Wheel gas Golf Cart; Harley Davison 3 Wheel Golf Cart, nr; Hse Dump Rake; 2) Utility Trailers; Yard Fogger; Patio Furniture; Self Stand Hammock; Hand Yard Tools; 2 1/2 Rolls Plastic Snow Fence; Dining Tent; Gun, Tools & Misc: GUN: Cooey, 16 ga Single Shot; Chain Saw; Scroll Saw; Battery Charger; Bench Grinder; Power Tools; Cordless Tools; Hand Tools; Wrenches; Sockets; PP Wrenches; Hammer Saws; Come Along; Vise; Jackal; Sledge Hammers; Axes; Sump Pump; 2) Al Ext Ladders; Shop Supplies; Nuts; Bolts; Hse Items; Bridles, Halters, Leads; Shelving; Roll Page Wire; Antiques: 1/4 Cut Oak Pedestal RD Table; 4 DR Chairs; China Cabinet; Oak Coat Rack; Rocking Chairs; Upholstered Chairs; Step Back End Table; Vanity Dresser; Victorian Stand; Ornate Press Wood Box; 2) HM Railway Wood Dis-plays; Pot Belly Heater; Antique Horse Wind Vane;CN Clock; Conductor Leather Chair; Passenger Train Folding Benches; Typewriter; Wood Telephone; Lamps; Bridge Lamp; Chandelier; School Bel; Cow Bell; Brass & Marble Chandelier; Home Paintings; Military Photos; Railway Pics; Stained Glass; Mirror; Many Old Books; JD 60 Diecast; Railway X Crossing Sign; Horse Wind Vane; Water Pump; CN Warehouse Cart; Sleigh; Household: 2) Freezers; Dish Washers; Stoves; Dryer; Hide A Bed; Couch & Chair; Futon; End Tables; Desk; Dressers; TV; Appliances; K Items; Pots & Pans; Place Setting; Elec Base Guitar; Acoustic Guitar; Train Set; Child Wagon. Stuart McSherry (204)4671858 or (204)886-7027 MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Acreage Auction Dale & Barbara Drewry Sun., Oct 21st 11:00am Poplarfield, MB. 4.5-mi East on Hwy 68 then Long Lane on North Side. Contact: (204)664-2120. Tractors, Equip, Trailers: Case 970 Cab P Shift A/C 540/1000 Dual Hyd Sold w/Allied 594 FEL (6,737-hrs); 98 Bobco 5th Wheel 26-ft. Flatdeck Tandem Trailer; New Idea 486 RD Baler Elec Tie; JD 37 9-ft. Sickle Mower; Vicon 6 Wheel Rake; Vers 6-in. 28-ft. Auger B & S Engine; Int. Breaking Plow Converted Hyd; 2 Sec Harrows Bar Horse Wagons, Tack & Horse: 12 Yr Old Quarter Horse Mare- Broke to Drive & Ride; Single Seat Buggy Rubberized Buggy Wheels w/Moose Hide Seat; “Fair Child MFG Wpg” Doctor Cutter Sleigh; Enclosed Heated Sleigh Van; 2 Seat Democratic w/Motorcycle Wheels; Pine 4 Rubber Wheeled Trail Wagon; Sleigh Style Stone Boat; Wagon Tongues; Spring Wagon Seat; Roping Saddles; Sets Double Work Harness; Single Driving Harness; 2 Sets of Older Work Harness; 7) Collars 18-in. to 22-in.; 2 Sets Sweat Pads; Bridles; Hackamor; Set Hip Drops; Scotchtops; Spread Rings; Sleighbells; New Show Halter; Leather & Nylon Halters from Colt to Draft; Lead Shanks; 6-in. Draft Brass Bit; Various 5in. Riding Bits; Saddle Bags; Rifle Scabbard; Harness & Saddle Racks; Grooming & Hoof Equip; Medi Vet Supply; Lariat; Ind Sewing Machine; Livestock Equip: 41) RD Bales Tame Field Grass Hay 30) 2012 11) 2011; Farm King Stationary Roller Mill; Self Locking Head Gates; 32) 10-ft. Metal Corral Panels; 2) Metal Feed Bunk Panels; 4) H.M. Bale Feeders; 3) Metal RD Bale Feeders; 5) Metal Bunk Feeders 3) 10-ft. 2) 5-ft.; Power Meat Band Saw; Elec Fencer; Roll High Tensil Wir; Elec Fence Insulators; Extenders; Guns: Remington 760 Gamemaster 308 Cal PA 21-in. Barrel; Remington 870 Wingmaster 12 GA 3-in. PA 30-in. Barrel; Yard: Bumperhitch 8-ft. Flat Deck; 98 Honda Foreman 4 W, 4X4 Quad, Winch, Blade, Gd Cond; 07 MTD 15.5-HP 42-in. R Mower; 32-in. Offset Garden Disc; Ariens RT 24 Garden Tiller; 12V ATV Sprayer; Poly Snowmobile Sleigh; Yard Swing; Pine Bench; Hand Yard Tools; Tools: Metal Band Saw; Lincoln Wire Welder; Accetylene Torches; New Skill 3-HP Table Saw; Jonsered 20 SI Chainsaw; Bench Grinder; Anvil on Stand; Vise; Hand Bead Breaker; Tire Prys; Hand & Power Tools; Mitre Saw; Post Drill; Torque Wrench; Misc: 2) Kohler Engine 1) 12-HP Elec Start 1) 4-HP; 5) Hyd Cyl; Hyd Hose; 9-ft. Sickle Blades; 10) Chains & Hooks Highway Grade; 13) Load Binders; Chain Hoist; Truck Tire Chain; 5th Wheel to Semi Convertor; Various Shop Items; Hitch; Welding Material; Steel Rack; 40) Railway Ties; 30) Treated Fence Posts; 1x4-in. Tamarack; Tiger Torch; Sub Sump Pump; 500-Gal Fuel Tank & Stand; Tires Auto & Motorcycle; 2) Beacon Lights; Antiques: Wheel Scuffler; Washstand; 2B Plow; Saws; Ice Tongs; Fire Ext; Household: Desk; Shelf; K Items; Bread Maker; 13-in TV. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Farm Auction Philip & Monique Nikkel Sat., Oct. 13th 10:00am Lundar. South 7-mi on Hwy 6 then East 7.5-mi on Road 229. Contact: (204)739-3102 or (204)762-5504. Tractors: Kubota M110 MFWA Cab 3 PH w/Kubota M960 FEL, 5,033-hrs; Kubota M 9000 MFWA 3 PH 540 PTO Dual hyd w/Kubota M940 FEL, 1,905-hrs; Kubota M5400 MFWA Canopy 3PH Hyd w/Kubota M310 FEL, 2,304-hrs; Dietz DX 6.30 Cab 3PH 5,001-hrs; Case 995 3 PH 6,368-hrs; 2) AC B Tractors 1) 1939 Hand Brakes Equip: 15-ft. W Thick Land Roller; Hayliner 2000 Auto Bale Wagon; Hesston 1265 Hyd. Swing 14-ft. Haybine; NH 664 Rd Baler; Kelobilt 210 12-ft. Offset Disc; Morris Seedrite M-11-ft. Hoe Drills x2; 205) 2012 Crop Timothy Alfalfa Mix Rd Bales; 93 Sokal Fifth Wheel 20-ft. Stock Trailer; Tube Line Model TL 5500 Auto Bale Wrapper; Bale King 3100 1000 PTO Bale Processors; Chev 2500 Cheyenne DSL 4x4 Sft; Along w/More Equip; Lots Livestock Equip; Bee Equip; Farm Misc Tools; Go to Website. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD HUGE Gun Auction Sat., Oct 20th 9:30am Stonewall. #12 Patterson Drive Approx 300 Guns; 22s; Shotguns; Rifles; Modern & Vintage; Military; Handguns Restricted & Prohibited; Over 20,000 RD of Ammo; Military; Collectibles; Compound Bows; Hunting Access; Gun Parts; Gun & Military Books; Duck Unlimited Prints; Mounts; Web for Growing List. 400+ Pics. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027


PHONE: (204) 727-2001 FAX: (204) 729-9912 EMAIL: Auctioneer: Scott Campbell


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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake MEYERS AUCTION 10:00am Sun., Oct 21st, 2012 Moving Auction for Joyce Kirschman (Late Elmer) On Site at #29037 Hwy 1A. 5-mi East of Portage. Signs & flags will be posted. Case 780 Back Hoe, showing 641-hrs; JD 2130 Tractor w/146 Loader & 3-PTH; MF MD Tractor w/Saw Mandrel; 14-ft. Deep Tiller; 3-PTH Mower; Ford 3-PTH Flail; Diamond Harrow Sections; Tractor Tires; 2 Bottom Plow on Steel; Elite Motor Home on Ford Econoline 350 Chassis, 130,825-km, Auto; 1967 Ford Fairlane, 4 DR, 8CYL, 46,082-mi; 1978 GMC Sierra 1500 Truck, 305 Auto, 30,590-km; Shop Built 28-ft. Motor Home; Honda Big Red Trike; Freeway 8-ft. Truck Camper; Starcraft Super Sport 16 Boat w/Evinrude 70 Outboard Motor; Mercury 75 Outboard Motor; 1991 Bombardier Safari Skidoo; Truck Camper Shell; SINGLE AXEL TRAILERS: 7-ft. 6-in.x8-ft. Enclosed Trailer, used to store firewood; 8x17-ft.; 6x8-ft.; 7x16-ft. w/Sides; 7-ft. 6-in.x12-ft. w/Ramps; SHOP TOOLS: United Power 1300w Generator; Porter Cable 17-gal Upright Air Compressor; Simoniz Pressure Washer; Miller Thunderbolt 225 Arc Welder; Anvil; Bench Grinder; Gorilla Drill Press; 10-ft. Table Saw; Jack all Jacks; 12V Winches; Side Grinder; Milwaukee Drill; Pipe Wrenches; Pliers; Screw Drivers; 2 Wheel Dollies; Booster Cables; Motomaster Battery Chgr; Heavy Duty Elect Extension Cords; Poulan Chain Saws; Quantity of Shop Fluids; Aluminum Step & Extension Ladders; PARTS: Roller Chain; Pulleys; Sprockets; Quantity of Scrap Iron; LARGE SELECTION OF ANTIQUE AUTO PARTS SOME FROM FORD MODEL A & VARIOUS CHEV: Tires some on Spoke Rims; Radiators; Tail Lites & Lenses; Headlights; Steering Wheels; Hub Caps; Gas Tanks; Trannys; Fenders; Windshields; Speedometers; APPLIANCES, FURNITURE & HOUSEHOLD: Dining Room Table & Chairs (2 Captain’s); Couch, Loveseat & Rocking Chair; Occasional Chair; Buffet & Mirror; Sm Dresser; Drop Leaf Table; Coffee & End Tables; Elna & other Sewing Machines; Bread Machines; Smokers Ashtray; Clock Collection; Violin- very special copy of Antonio Stradivarius w/Bausch Violin Bow; 4 String Banjo; FISHING & HUNTING: Fishing Shack on Skis, w/Wood Stove & Bunks; Fish Finders: Apelco XCD 240, Hummingbird LCR 4000 & Eagle; Ice Auger; Camp Stoves; Porta Potties; LAWN & GARDEN: Husqvarna YTH2042 Garden Tractor, 20-HP, 42-in. cut, as new; Pro Regent 48-in. Zero Turn Mower- Briggs 16-HP; Stiga Park Royal 48-in. Articulating MowerBriggs 16-HP; Billy Goat Lawn Vac- 389cc motor; Husqvarna LTH 130 Garden Tractor for parts; Push Mowers; Deck Chairs; Hyd Wood Splitter w/11-HP Motor ; Approx 2-3 cords of split & seasoned fire wood; 20x20 Party Tent w/Sides; 6 Sheds to be Moved: 1) 10x12; 2) 8x12-ft. & 3 Others; Rain Barrels; 8 Railway Ties; Large Quantity of Reclaimed Wood; Insulation; PVC Hose; Selkirk Chimney; RV Fridges; TWO RINGS SELLING FOR PART OF THE DAY- BRING YOUR LAWN CHAIRS ALL ITEMS SOLD AS IS WHERE IS. LISTING IS A GUIDE ONLY SUBJECT TO CHANGE & ERRORS. SUBJECT TO ADDITIONS & DELETIONS. Meyers Auctions & Appraisals, Arden, MB. Bradley Meyers Auctioneer (204)368-2333 or (204)476-6262 cell. Detailed List & Pictures at






REMANUFACTURED DSL ENGINES: GM 6.5L $4,750 installed; Ford/IH 7.3L $4950 installed; GM Duramax/Ford 6.0L, $8,500 installed; new 6.5L engines $6500; 24V 5.9L Cummins, $7,500 installed; other new/used & reman. engines available. Thickett Engine Rebuilding, 204-532-2187, Binscarth. 8:00am-5:30pm Mon.-Fri.

STRONGEST POSTS INDUSTRY-WIDE Toll Free:1-877-239-0730 BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Lumber WINDBOARD: 1X6X8 Phone (204)263-2630.




HYD PULL SCRAPERS, 6-40-YDS caterpillar A.C./LePlant, LeTourneau, etc. PT & direct mount available. Bucyrus Erie, 20-yds, cable, $5000. PT motor grater $14,900; tires available. Phone: (204)822-3797. Morden, MB.



75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from. B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2

Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2

Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.2 Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW


BUILDINGS AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website: CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069.

FARM CHEMICAL SEED COMPLAINTS We also specialize in: Crop Insurance appeals; Chemical drift; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equipment malfunction; Yield comparisons, Plus Private Investigations of any nature. With our assistance the majority of our clients have received compensation previously denied. Back-Track Investigations investigates, documents your loss and assists in settling your claim. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For more information Please call 1-866-882-4779

OVER 200 VEHICLES LOTS OF DIESELS Chrysler Dodge (800)667-4414 Wynyard, Sk.


Go public with an ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifieds. Phone 1-800-782-0794.

CASE 450 CRAWLER DOZER, 3-way blade, $10,000. Phone:(204)344-5016 or (204)669-1561.

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions


As Instructed by the Board of Directors of

$36,000 OBO

CUSTOM BIN MOVING Book now! Fert Tanks. Hopper Bins/flat. Buy/Sell. Call Tim (204)362-7103 or E-mail Requests

Two 19’ Bins - 4700 bushels per bin Four 21’ Bins - 5900 bushels per bin (with .094 aeration floors).


Located in the Oakville area come and get ‘em! Contact Dave, Blaine or Ron at Wall Grain at 204-269-7616 for more information.

FOR SALE: 510 DIESEL. Runs well, but needs a bearing or two; some 750 parts, no engine; 2 tires on 8-bolt rims, fits 7720 etc. Firestone special Sure Grip 20.8x38 10p.r. Phone:(204)746-8428 or (204)746-0126.

1999 CASE IH 8370 14-ft haybine, (204)525-4521.


2001 AGCO NEW IDEA 7233 3x3 square baler, 27,000 bales, always shedded. Phone (204)567-3720.

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Swathers Swather For Sale: 2009 Challenger SP 115 C Swather, 869 Hrs. Roto shears, crop lifters, reel for/ aft, excellent condition. $85,000.

Combines FARM MACHINERY Combine – Case/IH 1987 CASE IH 1680, 1015 head, Westward 388 PU, 3884 engine hours, grain & bean concaves, 30.5x32 tires, serviced, excellent shape, field ready. Phone:(204)265-3363. 2005 CASE IH 8010 combine, 4-WD, front tire size is 1250-45-32, means they are 45-in wide, rear tires 28L-26, means 28-in wide. Apparently will go as far as a track machine. 4-Spd, hyd trans, straw chopper & spreaders, pro-600 monitor, bin extensions w/2052-30-ft dripper header, $165,000. Phone:(204)871-0925. 2008 CASE-IH 2588 combine w/2015 PU, 476 sep hrs, 594 engine hrs, Pro 600 monitor, y/m, rice tires, hopper topper, shedded, heavy soil machine, $180,000 open to offers. (204)735-2886, (204)981-5366. WANTED: 1482 PTO COMBINE. (204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

FARM MACHINERY Combine – Ford/New Holland


930 FLEX HEAD, 2 available w/carry air reel, $9900 & $13,900; 635 Hydroflex, $15,900. Also have Header trailers, 30-ft & 36-ft in stock. Phone:(204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

860 MF COMBINE 1983 Silver Cab, shedded, $5,500 OBO. Phone (204)966-3857.

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Baling

BIG BINS & FLOORS at old prices, 20,000-56,000bu. bins holding prices until spring. NEW MOISTURE CABLES! Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

2 JD 224 STRAIGHT cut headers, $1,100 each $2,000 for both. Phone (204)476-2445, Neepawa.

1980 MF 760 COMBINE, 3,900-hrs, grey cab, Melroe pickup, 354 turbo Perkins, includes 20-ft MF 1859 flex header, UII reel, $5,000 OBO. 1979 MF 760 combine, 4,000-hrs, grey cab, Melroe pickup, V8 Perkins, includes 20-ft rigid header, $4,000 OBO. Both combines shedded & VGC. Phone:(204)265-3365.



2000 JD 9650W 150-HRS since Performax service at which time new Sunny Brook rasp bars, concave, clean grain chain, sprockets & bearings & Redekop MAV chopper rotor were install, complete invoice $20,000, 2,300 sep hrs, 914 PU, chaff spreader, hopper topper, auto height sensing, recent new feeder chain, batteries, HID lights $102,500; 2003 930F header, PU reel, new knife & guards w/Crary Air System, excellent for beans or down crops, 50 series hook up w/header trailer, $22,500; Firestone 24.5x32 rice tires on 9000 series rims, excellent condition, $3,000. (204)347-5244 leave msg.

FARM MACHINERY Combine – Massey Ferguson

9-IN. WHEATHEART HYD DRIVE transfer auger w/flow control poly tube, new, never been used, $1,100. Phone (204)476-2445, Neepawa.


1979 GMC C7000, ALMOST new 16-ft box & hoist, good roll tarp, new rad, starter & clutch, very little rust, stored inside, willing to safety, asking $10,000 OBO; 1975 Chev C6000, 31,000 original miles, good steel 14-ft box & hoist, good roll tarp, very little rust, stored inside, will safety, asking $8000 OBO. Phone:(204)825-2799 or cell (204)825-8340, Pilot Mound.

Includes 8 x 3700 bushel bins with canola floors and unload augers with u-trough auger on top of bins. Contact Dave, Blaine or Ron at Wall Grain at 204-269-7616 for more information.


SELLING NEVIN SEEDS, a well established bird seed company, included in sale are all bagging & packaging equip, bins, etc. as well as business contacts. Reason for selling: semi-retiring. Phone:(204)763-4470 or (204)761-3931.


AUTO & TRANSPORT Vehicles Various

24’ Continuous Flow NECO Grain Dryer with 25 HP fan and gen set (needs some work).

CASE 450 CRAWLER DOZER, 6-way blade, $17,500. Cat 931 crawler loader, P.S. trans, pedal steer, good undercarriage, $13,500. (204)525-4521.



WANTED: FORD LOUISVILLE OR Sterling grain truck. Must be clean, rust free & low kms. Phone (204)222-8785.

FARM MACHINERY Combine – John Deere



AUTO & TRANSPORT Auto & Truck Parts


NH TX36: ‘92, 2,800 engine hours, ‘93, 3,200 engine hours, both shedded, w/SwathMaster pickup & chaff spreaders. Phone:(204)767-2327.

SUPER 92 MASSEY COMBINE, many refurbs, hinged chopper, pressurized cab, good sieves. Phone:(204)822-3649, Morden.

Combine ACCessories FARM MACHINERY Combine – Accessories 1998 JD 930F FLEX-HEAD, hyd 4 & aft, poly skids, JD conversion to single point hook up for 60 series or newer combines, VGC, trailer avail. $14,900. Phone (204)736-4270, Domain. 1998 JD 930 FLEX head, very nice, $11,000 OBO; 1993 JD 930 Flex, very good working cond. $6500 OBO. Both headers are ready for work. (204)373-2502, lv msg. Emerson. Combine Corn Heads in Stock. 1998 JD 893 Poly Points, 8 Row, 30-in., Immaculate, Field Ready, $18,900; 1997 JD 893 Poly Points, 8 Row, 30-in., Sharp Head, Field Ready, $17,900; CIH 1083 8 Row, 30-in., Field Ready, $12,900; JD 843 8 Row, 30-in., Gone Through The Shop, Field Ready, $12,900. Other Makes Available. Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or FLEX PLATFORMS IN STOCK. All makes, models, sizes. Have over 30 in stock at most times. 2 1998 JD 925 Rigid Platforms w/PU Reels, $9,900; 1998 JD 930 Flex Platform w/Crary Air Reel, Reconditioned, $14,900; 1995 CIH 1020, 30-ft. Flex Platform w/Crary Air Reel, $12,900; 2005 CIH 2020 Flex Platform 30-ft., $21,900; 94 JD 925 good poly, PU teeth, new sickle $5,950; 97 JD 930 new poly, PU fingers, sickle $11,900; 98 JD 930 new poly, sickle, PU fingers, full finger auger $13,500; 97 JD 930 good poly, PU teeth, auger, air reel $13,900; 01 JD 930 new poly, PU teeth, sickle, full finger auger $16,900; 03 930 good poly, PU teeth, new sickle, full finger auger $15,900; 07 JD 630 like new, reduced to $22,900; 06 JD 635 AWS air bar, real nice head $24,900; 96-’04 CIH 1020 25-30 ft. models in stock w/ or w/o air reel; 07 CIH 2020 35-ft., good teeth, auger, poly, ready to go $22,900; 09 CIH 2020 35-ft. like new, paint still on auger $24,900. We deliver anywhere in Western Canada, right to your farm. Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or

FARM MACHINERY Combine – John Deere

NEW MC DRYERS IN STOCK w/canola screens 300-2,000 BPH units. Why buy used, when you get new fuel efficient & better quality & control w/MC. Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

1980 8820 COMBINE, 2-SPD cyl drive, good condition, $13,000; 2-224 rigid heads w/pickup reels, $3000 each. Phone: cell (204)362-2316, or (204)822-3189.






HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories

Harvest Salvage Co. Ltd. 1-866-729-9876 5150 Richmond Ave. East BRANDON, MB. New, Used & Re-man. Parts

Tractors Combines Swathers


1-800-667-9871 • Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 • Edmonton

Rhein, SK

THURSDAY OCTOBER 18th @ 9:30 A.M. Directions: 5 Miles East of Rhein, SK on Grid Road 726

“For All Your Farm Parts” The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

FEATURING: TRACTORS • 2009 New Holland T7040, FWA • 1992 John Deere 4560 MFWD • 1991 John Deere 8760 4WD • WHEEL LOADERS • 2001 Caterpillar 924G • 1997 Caterpillar IT24F • COMBINE • John Deere 7721 Titan II • SWATHER • SP Westward 25 ft. w/Bat Reel • GRAIN TRUCK • 1996 Volvo Full Tandem w/Cancade All Steel Grain Box, End Gates & Hyd. Hoist • BALE PROCESSORS • 2008 h-1000 Haybuster Tub Grinder • Degelman 4100 • LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT • BLOW-HARD 3PTH Mount Bunk Blower • 2005 Luck-Now 900 Mix Wagon • Luck-Now 525 Mix Wagon • Qty. of Steel Bale Feeders • Qty of Feed Bunks Made of Steel & Rubber Matting, 16 ft to 20 ft Long • Assorted Fencing Supplies • AUGERS • Various Sizes & Makes of Augers • PLUS Light Trucks • Air Seeders • Cultivators • Rock Pickers • Land Leveller & Roller • Dozer Blade • Attachments • Tanks • Lawn & Garden Equipment • Shop Equipment • Misc. Items •

For Terms of Auction, Photos, Complete Descriptions & More Information, Visit our Website or Call Hodgins Auctioneers Inc.

1-800-667-2075 SK PL # 915407 • AB PL # 180827

WATROUS SALVAGE WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444

“Decades of Knowledge - Steady Innovation - Top Results” AUCTIONEERS & CLERK:

Main Resource Equipment Auctions Dennis Biliske, Auctioneer, ND Lic 237, ND Clerk 624 2702 17th Ave. S, Grand Forks, ND 58201 Ph: 701-757-4015 • Fax 701-757-4016 • Email:


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – 2 Wheel Drive


JD 4320 115-HP, dual hyds, 540/1000 PTO, crank bearings done, clutch also done, runs nice, good appearance, quit farming. Don’t miss this one! $7,500. (204)625-2063

Large Inventory of new and remanufactured parts

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions


STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.

Agent for T.E.A.M. Marketing Regular cattle sales every Tuesday @ 9 am

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Various STEINBACH, MB. Ph. 326-2443 Toll-Free 1-800-881-7727 Fax (204) 326-5878 Web site: E-mail: FARM MACHINERY Salvage FARM MACHINERY FOR PARTS: COMBINES IHC 1682, 1482, 1480, 1460, 915, 914, 715, 403, 402, 150, MF 860, 760, 850, 751, 750, 550, 510, 410, 405; JD 7701, 7700,6601, 6600, 630, 96, 65; WHITE 8900, 8800, 8600, 8650, 7800, 5542, 545, 542, 431; NH TR95, TR85, TR70, 1500, 990, 980; Coop 9600, 960; Gleaner L2, N6, F, C2; VERS 2000, 42; Case 1600, 1060; FORD 642 BELARUS 1500 Don; SWATHERS VERS 4400, 400, 330, 103, 10; IHC 4000, 230, 210, 175, 201, 75; COOP 550, 500, 601; MF 655, 36, 35; JD 800, 290; NH 1090; WHITE 6200; COCKSHUTT 503 HESSTON 300. We also have parts for tractors, square & round balers, press drills, cultivators, sprayers, haybines, & misc machinery. We handle new & rebuilt parts for tractors & combines. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727, toll free 1-877-858-2728. GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB.

Spraying EquipmEnt FARM MACHINERY Sprayers 2001 NH SF550 SPRAYER equivalent to Rogator 554, 2,300-hrs, 5.9 Cummins, 660-gal. SS tank, 90ft. booms, pressure washer, chem inductor. Triple nozzle bodies w/5 & 10-gal tips, 2 sets of tires, 23.1x26 & 9.5R44, excellent condition, $68,000. (204)763-8896, Minnedosa, MB.

Tillage & Seeding FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Tillage 30-FT. IH 490 DISC 21-in. blade, good shape, $3,900; 38-ft. IH vibra shank, 3 bar harrows, $1,800; 26-ft. Wilrich cultivator w/harrows, $900. (204)529-2046, (204)529-2091, Cartwright. 47-FT CIH VIBRACHISEL CULTIVATOR, model 4700 w/3-row harrows, $5000. Phone:(204)729-6803.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Various FOR SALE: 45-FT FLEXI-COIL 5000 air drill w/2320 tank, 9-in spacing, rubber packers, & liquid fertilizer kit, always shedded; 41-ft JD 610 floating hitch cultivator, 12-in spacing & 777 air tank. Phone (204)827-2354, cell (204)526-5307.

TracTors FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Allis/Deutz 1987 DUETZ 7085 FWA, open-station, 85-HP, 5,900-hrs, Allied 794 FEL $17,000. (204)525-4521

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Case/IH 1996 CASE 7210 MFWD factory duals, new loader, 5200-hrs, excellent cond. Phone (204)567-3720 FOR SALE: 4490 CASE 4WD, 180hp, 3pth, 4hyd., PTO, $8,000. Phone:(204)739-3740. FOR SALE: 9170 CASEIH, 6,750-hrs, 855A Cummings, Big Cam, 12-spd powershift trans., 4 remote hyd., radials tires, in excellent condition. $61,000. Darlingford, MB. Phone:(204)246-2219. FOR SALE: 9370 CASEIH, 6,211-hrs, N14 Cummings, 24-spd standard trans., 4 remote hyd., Trelleborg tires, plumbed for GPS, in excellent condition, $71,500. Darlingford, MB. Phone: (204)246-2219. LOOKING FOR 1965 930 Case Comfort King tractor w/square fenders & home built cab, left front entry, wishing to purchase. Kelvin Peters (204)864-2106.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Steiger 1986 PANTHER 1000, CUMMINS 855, set 360-hp, 12-spd PS, auto-steer, 900/50R42 hub duals, 70%, clean tractor. $40,000 OBO. Phone:(204)373-2502.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – John Deere 1979 JD 4440, W/148 FEL w/joystick, $19,500. (204)525-4521 FOR SALE: JD 4960 MFWD tractor, 14.9 x 46 tires, hub duals, weights, 9,380-hrs. Nice, clean tractor. Hamilton, North Dakota. Phone: (701)265-2221. JD 5410 FWA W/541 loader, joystick, O/S, 5,800-hrs, new front tires, sync shuttle, 2 remotes, $19,500. Phone (204)856-1141, Portage La Prairie. JD 7320 MFWD, Power Quad, 3-pt., 741 Loader, 7ft. bucket, grapple, 6,500-hrs $69,900; JD 8560 18.4x38 duals, 7,500-hrs, $37,900; 08 JD 5225 w/542 loader, MFWD, 3-PTH, CAH, Radio, Joystick, 200-hrs, like new, $47,900. JD 2140 2WD, 3-pt., 245 Loader, 7-ft. bucket, 7,500-hrs $16,900; Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Massey Ferguson 06MF 573MFWD 72-HP W/CAB, air, heat, 3-PTH, 8-spd, hi-low, forward & reverse w/MFN70 quick attach loader, excellent cond w/1425-hrs. Will take trades, reduced to $35,900. Phone:(204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

Tuesday, October 16th at 9 AM Angus Influenced in conjunction with our regular cattle sale Call for more info

1985 CASE 4490 4WD, 175-hp, 5,245-hrs, 20.8 x 34 duals, 4hyd w/return line, 1000 PTO, PTH, A/C, $16,000; 1979 IHC 1586, 160-hp, 5,974-hrs, 20.8 x 38 duals, 3SCV, 1000 PTO, front weights, A/C, $14,000. Phone:(204)744-2521. St. Leon, MB.

Monday, October 29th Sheep and Goat sale with small animals @ 12 Noon

2007 KUBOTA M108S TRACTOR with a M41 Kubota loader. Has only 770-hrs & is in new condition. Phone (204)386-2143.


Livestock Handling Equipment for info regarding products or pricing, please call our office. We also have a line of Agri-blend all natural products for your livestock needs. (protein tubs, blocks, minerals, etc)

NEW TRACTOR PARTS and engine rebuild kits, specializing in hard to find parts for older tractors, tractor seats, service and owners manuals, decals and much more, our 38th year! 1 800-481-1353,

Big Tractor Parts, Inc. Geared For The Future


RED OR GREEN 1. 10-25% savings on new replacement parts for your Steiger drive train. 2. We rebuild axles, transmissions and dropboxes with ONE YEAR WARRANTY. 3. 50% savings on used parts.


FARM MACHINERY Machinery Wanted WANTED: HD HEADER DRIVE pulley assembly for Westward 7000 swather. Also Cub Cadet i1046 or i1050. Phone:(204)746-8428 or (204)746-0126. WANTED: PT 12-FT. 1150 Heston Crimper as a whole unit or for parts. Phone (204)234-5391. WANTED: STONE PICKER & Rock Rake. Phone (204)352-4306


• Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

31X7 FARM KING AUGER w/new 5-HP electric motor, $500; 2 wheeled 3-PTH hay rake, $300; Wind power PTO 540 generator, 120 240 volts, $1000; 18-ft IHC cultivator w/harrows & packers, $700; 16-ft Ford deep tiller, $500; Case 516 bottom plow, $500; IHC 620 20-ft press drill, $200. Phone (204)745-2851. 853 JD ALL CROP header, 8 row x 30-in, high sides & back for sunflowers, PTO drives, lots of new parts, good shape, $8000. Gerald Friesen (204)822-3633 or (204)362-0678, Morden. BALERS JD 535, $5,900; JD 530, $3,500; JD 510, $1,500; JD 336, $3,000; Vermeer Hyd rake, $7,000; 12 wheel rake, $6,000; 10-ft. Landlevellers, $2,150; 12-ft. $2,450; Dics Hutch 25-ft. Rock Cushion, $9,500; JD 230, $3,000; Bushog 21-ft., $7,500; JD Dot 16-ft., $4,000; DMI Ripper 5 Shank, $10,900; 7 Shank, $11,900; Valmar 240 Applicator, $1,000; Woods 15-ft. Batwing Mower HD, $7,000; Woods 10-ft., $4,500; Used Fertilizer Spreaders 4-9T. Phone (204)857-8403 FOR SALE: 1978 1630 JD 145 loader, always shedded; sold w/7-ft. snowblower, $12,500. Phone: (204)471-0571 evening (204)338-9081. FOR SALE: GRAIN CARTS LARGE SELECTION 450-1050 bu hyd & PTO drive. J&M 875-bu., $20,000; EZ 475, $7,900; Brent 670, $12,500; New 400-bu. gravity wagons, $6,700; 600-bu., $12,000; Used gravity wagons 250-750 bu.; Grain Screeners Kwik Kleen 5 tube, $4,500; 7 Tube $6,500; Hutch 1500, $1,750; Sioux Screener w/Auger, $2,500; Westfield 10x70 Auger, $2,900; REM 552 Grain Vac, $3,500; Brandt $4,500-$7,500. Phone (204)857-8403. FRONT FENDERS FOR JD MFWD tractor; two Behlin 1650-bu granaries. Phone (204)386-2412, Plumas, MB. LATE MODEL 875 LOW hrs, VGC; 40-ft. IH 2 row mulcher harrows, new tines; 40-ft. air seeder w/floating hitch, 220-bu tank, good condition, $8,500. (204)864-2953 LOW HRS; KOMATSU WA 320-1 3yd loader; 122 trackhoe; (306)236-8023



IRON & STEEL FREE STANDING CORRAL PANELS, Feeders & Alley ways, 30ft or order to size. Oil Field Pipe: 1.3, 1.6, 1.9, 1 7/8, 2-in, 2 3/8, 2 7/8, 3 1/2. Sucker Rod: 3/4, 7/8, 1. Casing Pipes: 4-9inch. Sold by the piece or semi load lots. For special pricing call Art (204)685-2628 or cell (204)856-3440. FULL LINE OF COLORED & galvanized roofing, siding & accessories, structural steel, tubing, plate, angles, flats, rounds etc. Phone:1-800-510-3303, Fouillard Steel Supplies Ltd, St Lazare.


FEEDER/SLAUGHTER SALES Every Friday 9AM Special Charolais Sale October 12 Receiving open until 10PM Thursdays NEXT SHEEP & GOAT SALE Wednesday, October 17 Gates Open Mon.-Wed. 8AM-4PM Thurs. 8AM-10PM Friday 8AM-6PM Sat. 8AM-4PM

We Will Buy Cattle Direct On Farm

For more information call: 204-694-8328 or Jim Christie 204-771-0753 Licence #1122

Go public with an ad in the Co-operator classifieds.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus


ANGUS DISPERSAL SALE SAT., OCTOBER 13th, 2012 at 1:00 pm Heartland livestock yards, Virden Manitoba

Contact: Blaine Canning 204-858-2475 Michael Canning 204-858-2457 or visit website & catalogue @ LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais SELLING: 5, 2 YR old PB Charolais virgin bulls, $3,000 each. Pasture ready. Mike Neilson, Neilson Cattle Company, (306)783-0331 Willowbrook, SK (close to Yorkton). SELLING PUREBRED CHAROLAIS HEIFERS & bull calves, good blood lines. Phone (204)526-2857.




LIVESTOCK Cattle – Hereford MINIATURE HEREFORD COW/CALF PAIRS for sale phone (780)363-2459 for details, No Sunday Calls please.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Limousin TRIPLE R LIMOUSIN, HAS bulls for sale for Fall breeding. Also pick out your 2013 Herdsire now. Take delivery next Spring. Red or Black 40+ to pick from. Plus bred Heifers & 4H projects, steers & heifers. Your source for quality Limousin genetics. Call Art (204)685-2628 or (204)856-3440.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Shorthorn 6 PB SHORTHORN BRED heifers for sale. Due early to mid Feb. For more info phone Greg Tough (204)748-3136.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various


HEAVY DUTY BOX SCRAPERS, built with 5/8 steel, 2 hyd. cyl, 1 for lift & 1 for angle, 10-ft. $3,950. 12-ft & 14-ft superduty for larger tractors also available. All Sizes Available. (204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

MB. Livestock Dealer #1111

25 COW/CALF PAIRS, STARTED calving mid August, would like to sell as a group.(204)523-6698 cell phone, Killarney. 35 RED & BLACK Angus X cows, bred to Black Angus bulls, to start calving January 15th. $1,500 each. Phone: (204)822-3789 or (204)362-6403. 50 BRED COWS, RED & Black Angus cross. Bred to Charolais, Red Angus & Hereford. Due to calve April, $1250 Firm. (204)638-8561 after 8pm. FOR SALE: TOP QUALITY bred heifers, mainly Char cross, but some Red & Blacks, 60 day calving period starting March 1,2013, Bred to proven, easy calving bulls, fully vaccinated & ready to go. Asking $1675, volume discounts, delivery may be available. Phone Cell:(204)724-6093 or Home:(204)466-2939.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted WANTED: ALL CLASSES OF feeder cattle, yearlings & calves. Dealer Licence# 1353. Also wanted, light feed grains: wheat, barley & oats. Phone:(204)325-2416. Manitou, MB.

TIRED OF THE HIGH COST OF MARKETING YOUR CALVES?? 300-700 LBS. Steers & Heifers Rob: 528-3254, 724-3400 Ben: 721-3400 800-1000 LBS. Steers & Heifers Don: 528-3477, 729-7240

Contact: D.J. (Don) MacDonald Livestock Ltd. License #1110 LIVESTOCK Sheep For Sale CLUN FOREST RAM LAMBS. Easy lambing, excellent maternal characteristics, works well on ewe lambs, $300. Martin Penfold (204)722-2036, Elkhorn/Moosomin area or check out Cluns

Swine LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted


P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123 LIVESTOCK Poultry For Sale EXOTIC BIRD & ANIMAL Auction, Sun. Oct 14, 11:00am, Indian Head skating rink. Phone:(306)347-1068.

WANTED: V-276 Fiberglas hood nose cap No.73051 side mount sickle mower for Sears 16-18HP LGT. FOR SALE: White 4-row 36-in row corn header. Phone:(204)222-6310. WHITE 31-FT TANDEM DISC & Suzuki 4-wheeler. Call Jack Bullied (204)526-2857.

The Icynene Insulation System®

1998 LX 4X4 DRIVE, 143,982-km, V6, 4.2 engine, safetied, $5,490; Equinox tanks: 1 New LR 171 915-gal tank, retail $824, special $420; New HD LR 177 1,250-gal tank, yellow, retail $878 special $544; New Black LR 175 1,250-gal, retail $578 special $432; Used 1993 Buick Century car, safetied, retail $2,190 special $1,850. (204)822-1354 cell (204)823-1559.

For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various

Call our toll-free number to take advantage of our Prepayment Bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and we’ll run your ad 2 more weeks for free. That’s 5 weeks for the price of 3. Call 1-800-782-0794 today!

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

10 COW CALF PAIRS 1st calf Hereford X cows w/Hereford calves. Cow started calving Aug, $1,900 pair firm. (204)795-6823, Springfield. Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting for your call. 1-800-782-0794.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

Specialty LIVESTOCK Specialty – Goats Boer cross doelings, March born, available now. (204)737-2207 WANTED: 8-10 HIGH HEALTH Boer-cross doelings. Call Mark (204)746-8428.

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment 400-BU. CATTLELAC MIXER WAGON, like new condition. Call (204)855-2897 or (204)748-7442. APOLLO ROLLER MILLS ELECTRIC & TTO, all sizes. Very cost efficient for both grain & cattle prices. 50 years experience to suit your application. “Certainly Worth A Call!” Farmers Premium Equipment. Phone:(204)724-4529. FOR SALE: 195 NH manure Phone:(204)739-3120, evenings.


HI-QUAL CLASSIC SQUEEZE CHUTE w/palpation cage & 30-ft crowding alley w/Inline Gates, $3500.00. Phone (204)449-2323 or email , can send pictures. JD 550 T.A. MANURE spr, $5500; Farmhand 450 manure spr $3800. (204)525-4521. KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763. PORTABLE WINDBREAKS, CALF SHELTERS, free standing rod & pipe panels, fence line & field silage bunks. Also sell Speed-Rite & 7L Livestock fence equipment, drill pipe & sucker rod. Phone (204)827-2104 or (204)827-2551, Glenboro. SPORTSMAN INCUBATOR & HATCHER, holds 198 eggs, asking $1,000. Phone:(807)482-2216.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

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LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

REAL ESTATE Motels & Hotels

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They're still UGLY They're still TOUGH They're still the best value on the market. Research proves that providing clean water for your calves can add 20 per cent or more to your weaning weights.

The UGLY water troughs


800 gallon trough

for pastures and feedlots made from mining tires

Beauty fades… ugly lasts forever! • costs less & lasts longer • virtually indestructible • guaranteed not to leak • 200-800 gallon capacity

Call a dealer near you today for more information ARBORG CO-OP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-376-5201 CO-OP FEEDS, BRANDON. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-727-0571 7-L RANCH, LAKELAND, MB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-445-2102 GILBERT PLAINS CO-OP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-548-2099 TWIN VALLEY CO-OP, MINIOTA, MB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-567-3664

Renew your subscription to the Manitoba Co-operator for 2 years BEFORE we mail your renewal notice, and we'll extend your subscription by 2 additional months. That's 26 months for the price of 24. OR - Renew for one year and receive 13 months for the price of 12!

TJ O'Sullivan 204-768-0600



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Check out our website at for more information Call Toll Free 1-866-621-5853

The following dealer has applied for a licence under the Livestock Dealers and Agents Licencing regulation, which comes under the Livestock and Livestock Products Act. (C.C.S.M. c. L170)

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*Taxes included

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PETS & SUPPLIES REGISTERED BORDER COLLIE PUPS of top imported breeding. Parents working cattle & sheep, ready to go Oct 1st, $300. Phone Martin Penfold (204)722-2036 (Virden/Moosomin area)


REAL ESTATE REAL ESTATE Houses & Lots FOR SALE At Fannystelle, MB, Older Bungalow, approx 1,040-sq.ft. some recent upgrades. Available immediately to be moved to Purchaser’s new location. Call John at (204)925-5368.

Trux-N-Parts Salvage Inc. We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Manitoba Cooperator classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800-782-0794.

Payment Enclosed ❑ Cheque

LOOKING, HOPING? ...For a best friend, a romantic happy relationship. CANDLELIGHT MATCHMAKERS can help make it all happen! Confidential, Photos & Profiles to selected matches, affordable, local. Serving MB, SK, NW Ontario. Call/Write for info: Box 212, Roland, MB, R0G 1T0, (204)343-2475.

Winkler Meats Ltd. Winkler, MB

Call Ken 204-794-8383 #2 Mountain View Rd Winnipeg, MB

U.S. Subscribers

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Manitoba


1998 Stoughton 53 ft. Storage Trailer Air Ride $3,950


Canadian Subscribers

204-447-2545 204-827-2228 204-685-2033 204-529-2881


LIVESTOCK Livestock Services & Vet Supplies

Call, email or mail us today!

M S E R : 12345 2010/12 PUB John Smith C o m p a n y Name 123 E x a m ple St. T o w n , P r o vince, POSTAL CODE

STE. ROSE DU LAC CO-OP, STE. ROSE DU LAC, MB . . . PEMBINA CO-OP, GLENBORO, MB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MCGREGOR CO-OP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . NORTHFORK RANCH (CARTWRIGHT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794. Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifed section. 1-800-782-0794.

EXCELLENT HOBBY FARM OF 158-ac. Very nice upgraded 4 level split home w/5 bedrooms. Beautifully sheltered yard only 1-mi from pavement. Approx. 110-ac of cultivated land. Phone Gordon Gentles: (204)761-0511 HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc. FARM SPECIALIST: COUNT ON GRANT TWEED, informed, professional assistance for sellers & buyers. Call (204)761-6884 anytime. Service with integrity. FOR SALE: SW 1/4 21-2-12. 75-ac pasture w/creek, 85-ac arable. Large older barn. House w/fridge, deep freezer, stove, washer/dryer, microwave, electric furnace. Small steel shed. Price: $150,000. Phone:(204)242-2452. GOOD FARM OF APPROX. 635-ac only 20-mins from Brandon. The property is all fenced & is currently run as a dairy operation, though it could easily be converted to a mixed operation. 450-ac can be cultivated w/the remainder in pasture. Bungalow home in good condition, machine shed, cattle sheds, hay sheds, dairy bran, etc. Quota & cows are not included in the price. Phone Gordon Gentles:(204)761-0511. HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc. ORGANIC FARMLAND W/HOUSE. BEAUTIFUL treed large front yard, 1320-sq-ft house w/attached garage. Farm yard has 2 sheds & 7 granaries, includes all farm equipment, always shedded, hay, grasses, forage, cereals, oil seeds as produced. 240-acres owned, w/rental property is 500-acre operation, all land is certified organic. Call Norm, cell (204)990-8752 or home (204)755-3333. VERY TIDY FARM OF 160-ac only 11-mi from Killarney, would lend itself to a mixed or dairy operation. Approx. 110-ac cultivated. Large hay shed & lean-to, built in 2005. Commodity shed 42-ft x 16-ft. Small workshop w/generator. 3 cattle sheds. 4 hopper bottom bins. Good split level house. Phone Gordon Gentles: (204)761-0511. HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc. Farming is enough of a gamble, advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator classified section. It’s a sure thing. 1-800-782-0794. Looking for a hand around the farm? Place a help wanted ad in the classifieds. Call 1-800-782-0794.


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2 3 5 8 1 7 6 4 9

7 4 8 6 9 3 2 1 5

Puzzle by





Last week's answer

8 1 6 7

Puzzle by Here’s How It Works: Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!


es Containers



The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Pastureland


OVERSEAS INVESTORS SEEKING FARMS & farm land. Contact Cindy Grenier at St. Pierre Realty for qualified buyers. Phone:(204)330-2567.

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted GOOD QUALITY GRAIN & Cattle Farms wanted for Canadian & Overseas Clients. For a confidential meeting to discuss the possible sale of your farm or to talk about what is involved, telephone Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753, Home Professional Realty Inc.


WE BUY OATS Call us today for pricing Box 424, Emerson, MB R0A 0L0 204-373-2328


HEATED & GREEN CANOLA • Competitive Prices • Prompt Movement • Spring Thrashed


FARMERS, RANCHERS, SEED PROCESSORS BUYING ALL FEED GRAINS Heated/Spring Threshed Lightweight/Green/Tough, Mixed Grain - Barley, Oats, Rye, Flax, Wheat, Durum, Lentils, Peas, Canola, Chickpeas, Triticale, Sunflowers, Screenings, Organics and By-Products √ ON-FARM PICKUP √ PROMPT PAYMENT √ LICENSED AND BONDED SASKATOON, LLOYDMINSTER, LETHBRIDGE, VANCOUVER, MINNEDOSA



MACK AUCTION CO PRESENTS a land auction. TAMMY GREER Thurs., Dec. 6th, 2012 7:00pm TAYLORTON ROOM, DAYS INN, ESTEVAN, SK. 3 Quarters of Land Located in the RM of Benson No. 35 SW 4-5-8 W2 (C/W Surface Oil Lease); NE 28-4-8 W2; NW 10-5-8 W2. Call (306)421-2928 or (306)487-7815 Mack Auction Co. Pl311962

REAL ESTATE Land For Rent WANTED: LOOKING FOR CROPLAND in Argyle, Stonewall, Warren, Balmoral, Grosse Isle & surrounding area. Please call Deric (204)513-0332, leave msg.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES RECREATIONAL VEHICLES All Terrain Vehicles ATV 250 BAJA 4X2 5-spd, 114-kms, like new $2,800 OBO. Also 18-ft brand new Selkirk chimney. Phone:(204)452-2844. Wpg.


Vanderveen Commodity Services Ltd.

Toll Free 1-888-835-6351 Deloraine, Manitoba


$1000 REBATE AVAILABLE ON ALL EXISS LIVESTOCK TRAILERS. Expires Oct. 31st, 2012. Phone us at Sokal Industries Ltd (204)334-6596 or e-mail at

TRAILERS Trailers Miscellaneous BRANDON TRAILER SALES “You will like our prices!” “It’s that Simple!” “Let’s compare quality & price!” “Certainly worth the call!” Phone (204)724-4529. Dealer #4383 FOR SALE OR RENT 53-ft. vans for storage or highway, several to choose from. For sale: Hi-boy flat decks 45-ft., 48-ft. & Super B. Andersons (204)385-2685 or (204)857-1777, Gladstone.


HELP WANTED: WE HAVE a position available on our dairy farm near Haywood for someone who enjoys working with dairy cattle. Main duty will be feeding cows. Competitive wages. If interested, please call (204)379-2640 or (204)745-7864.

A Season to Grow… Only Days to Pay!

Advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator Classifieds, it’s a Sure Thing!



Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifed section. 1-800-782-0794.

Andy Vanderveen · Brett Vanderveen Jesse Vanderveen

Heated, Green, Damaged Buying all levels of damaged canola. Excellent Market Prices. Bonded, Insured.

CALL 1-866-388-6284


We are buyers of farm grains.

  • Vomi wheat    • Vomi barley   • Feed wheat    • Feed barley   • Feed oats    • Corn   • Screenings    • Peas   • Light Weight Barley You can deliver or we can arrange for farm pickup. Winnipeg 233-8418 Brandon 728-0231 Grunthal 434-6881 “Ask for grain buyer.”


Sharpe’s Soil Services Ltd. a thirty seven year independent farm supply business in Sask. and Mb. is expanding its team. Sharpe’s markets liquid fertilizer, dry fertilizer, crop protection products, seed and related services. Sharpe’s six branches are located in Langenburg, Moosomin, Stockholm, Rocanville, Wapella and Angusville MB. Sharpe’s has been acknowledged as CAAR’s 2010 Canadian retailer of the year, and in 2011 Sharpe’s Head Agronomist was selected as CAAR’s 2011 Canadian Agronomist of the year. Sharpe’s Soil Services Ltd. is expanding its current team to meet the demands of the 2013 season. Sharpe’s has Branch Management,

Sales, Operational and Agronomy

positions available to add to the existing cohesive team. At the Angusville branch a sales / operations position is available. Langenburg branch has two new position available in the maintenance department and a agronomist position. Wapella branch has the branch Managers position open. Moosomin branch has a new position available to assist management and sales. Applicants must be self motivated, enthusiastic, with a positive desire to achieve.

Resumes will be accepted until Friday, Oct. 26th

Buy and Sell anything you need through the


Old & New Crop Confection & Oil Sunflowers

Call For Pricing

TRAILERS Livestock Trailers

JAMES FARMS LTD. a seed grain producer & processor. Located just East of Wpg in the Municipality of Springfield is looking to hire a full time person. Duties would include operating farm equipment as well as working in the seed plant. Fax resume Attention: David (204)222-0076. Only those considered for an interview will be contacted.

PEDIGREED SEED Oilseed – Various

Phone (204)747-2904


37 4th Ave. NE Carman, MB R0G 0J0 Ph. (204) 745-6444 Email:


Licensed & Bonded 0% Shrink Farm Pick-Up Available Planting Seed Available

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BuyUsed Used Oil Oil ••Buy NOTRE •• Buy Buy Batteries Batteries DAME ••Collect CollectUsed Used Filters Filters • Collect Oil Containers • Collect Oil Containers USED • Antifreeze OIL & Southern,Southern Eastern, and Manitoba Western Western FILTER Manitoba DEPOT Tel: 204-248-2110


2 - 18.4X38 TIRES, 1/ 3 tread remaining, no cracks, good shape. Call Don (204)422-5216.



CAREERS Help Wanted


Please include references Send to :

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Search the nation’s largest selection of ag equipment with just one click. OVER


2012 CROP MILLET STRAW, excellent feed quality at a cheap price, also round wheat & barley straw bales. Phone:(204)325-1383 or (204)362-4874. 220 JD HARD CORE round bales, 1500-lbs, birdsfoot, treefoil, straw. Located Springsteen MB, $12 each. Phone:(204)735-3106. DAIRY, BEEF & HORSE hay for sale, large squares. Phone: (204)526-7139 (day) or (204)827-2629 (evenings). FOR SALE 80 SECOND cut round hay bales, alfalfa/timothy, no rain, approx 1600-lbs. Bales are feed tested; Also second cut small square hay bales (2011 crop) shedded, alfalfa/timothy & first cut small square hay bales (2012 new crop) shedded alfalfa/timothy. Phone (204)835-2369, Mccreary. FOR SALE: APPROX 3,000 good small square wheat straw bales, excellent for livestock truckers, calving barns, horse barns, etc. $1.50 each firm. Call (204)483-3045. WANTED: HAY, WILL PICK up. (204)746-5095. WHEAT & OAT STRAW bales for sale, 3 x 3 x 8. hay Phone (204)343-2144 or cell (204)745-0085.

Hay Tarps All Tie Downs Included

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Call Mark @ Haybusters:

(800) 371-7928 Dealer inquiries welcome

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Feed Wanted WANTED: DAIRY, BEEF, GRASS & Straw bales in large square bales. Phone Mark 1-800-371-7928, Winnipeg.

New Canola Crusher and Refinery at Hallock MN

COMPETITIVE PRICING! Call our Canadian Agents for details and pricing: Dulcie Price 204.947.3032 / Denis C. Cloutier 204.228.8742 or US Grain Buyer, Hallock: David Holzwarth 218.843.7301

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Cargill Specialty Canola Program

Pod for pod, Cargill Specialty Canola will make you more money. Choose Cargill Specialty Canola for premier, high-yielding hybrids — from VICTORY® and InVigor® Health — that generate unparalleled profits. And enjoy the convenience of a simple program that saves you time and hassle. Want the proof? Go to

® The Cargill logo, VICTORY and VICTORY HYBRID CANOLA logo are registered trademarks of Cargill Incorporated, used under license. InVigor® is a registered trademark of the Bayer Group. Genuity®, Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Roundup Ready®, and Roundup® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, used under license. Always follow grain marketing and all other stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Details of these requirements can be found in the Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers printed in this publication. ©2012 Cargill, Incorporated. All rights reserved.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


Android-able. The Manitoba Co-operator mobile app is available for Android mobile phones. Download the free app at

h u s b a n d r y — t h e s c i e n c e , S K I L L O R ART O F F AR M IN G

Genetically engineered cow makes anti-allergy milk london / reuters / Researchers in New Zealand have genetically engineered a cow to produce milk with very little of an allergy-causing protein. The technique, called RNA interference, reduces activity of certain genes without eliminating them completely. With mothers breastfeeding less, cows’ milk is an increasing source of protein for babies, even though two to three per cent of infants are allergic to it. The GM cow produced milk with a 96 per cent reduction in the protein beta-lactoglobulin, a component known to cause allergic reactions. While there are dairy industry processes that can reduce the allergenic potential of normal milk, they are expensive and can result in a bitter taste. The research “offers a good example of how these technologies can be used to provide alternative strategies to current manufacturing processes,” said Bruce Whitelaw, professor of animal biotechnology at the University of Edinburgh. The same technique could be used to improve a cow’s defence against infection, he said. “Time will tell how widely applicable RNA interference will be in GM livestock. But this is certainly a milestone study in this field,” he said.

Humane Society wants seat on meat packer’s board reuters / The head of the U.S. Humane Society is running for a seat on the board of Tyson Foods Inc., the latest move by the largest U.S. animal protection group to stop the use of gestation crates. The group wants, Tyson, the nation’s largest meat company, to commit to a time frame for eliminating the use of gestation crates, a promise it has already won from Smithfield Foods, Hormel, ConAgra and others. Activist investor Carl Icahn has agreed to help with the campaign but has warned that the fight will be difficult.

Canada Beef: Celebrating first birthday President Rob Meijer says the priority is on generating the greatest return not market share

Canada Beef International’s new board of directors. Back row (l-r): Terry Prescott; Gib Drury; Chuck Maclean; Jack Hextall; Jennifer MacDonald; Trevor Atchinson; John MacDonald; Dwight Greer. Front row (l-r): Mike Kennedy; Grant Huffman; Paul Sharpe; Arthur Batista; Scott Ellerton; John Schooten; Brian Read. Supplied photo

By Sheri Monk fbc staff


o far, so good. That seemed to be the mood as 150 industry players recently gathered to mark Canada Beef Inc.’s first birthday. “We learned a lot on the fly,” said president Rob Meijer. “I think structurally our business plan and vision is sound. It probably holds stronger today than a year ago when we designed it.” The organization is a melding of the Canadian Beef Export Federation, the Beef Information Centre, and the National Check-off Agency. Its mandate is to boost sales of Canadian beef at home and abroad, without becoming involved in beef politics or policy. Meijer has spent much of the past year trumpeting the need to sell more beef at higher prices. “I think the greatest opportunities now for the Canadian industry and for beef products abroad, or even domestically for that matter, is our ability to finally extract from where the highestvalue proposition value lies,” he said. And premiums trump market share, he said. “Let’s not worry about the country as a market, let’s look at it as a segment within the market and really try to own and create greater value,” said Meijer.

Greater efficiency and accountability are two other priorities for Canada Beef as checkoffs, brand inspection, RFID tags and other industry fees have been sources of discontent. Meijer said he’s always received positive feedback and support. The organization is funded by the $1 mandatory national checkoff and matching support from government and programs such as the Canadian Beef and Cattle Market Development Fund and will soon begin developing its next business plan for a second year of operation.

Demonstrating value

“We will consult with industry,” said Meijer. “We’re going to have some formal and informal industry advisory settings where we really sit down and try to figure out, based on our vision and our strategy, what some of the next tactical and priority steps are going to be.” A cattle shortage and a growing global population hungry for beef is creating optimism, but industry organizations are closely monitoring Canada Beef’s performance, he said. “They’re continuing to watch an organization like us and asking, ‘Are the dollars that we’re committing through the national checkoff being appropriately utilized? Are they creating value?’ Our responsibility as Canada Beef will

“I am confident that if they continue to give us the chance, we’ll continue to deliver upon their expectations.” Rob Meijer

be to show that value and transparently back it up,” said Meijer. “I am confident that if they continue to give us the chance, we’ll continue to deliver upon their expectations.” Alberta’s Chuck Maclean is the group’s incoming chair with Paul Sharpe of the Ontario Cattlemen’s Association as vice-chair. The regional directors are Grant Huffman (B.C.), Jack Hextall (Saskatchewan), Trevor Atchinson (Manitoba), Gib Drury (Quebec), and Jennifer MacDonald (Atlantic region) with John MacDonald and Terry Prescott serving as directors-at-large. Arthur Batista, Robert Bielak, Mike Kennedy and Brian Read will sit on the CMC committee, Scott Ellerton will represent the food service and retail sector, and Dwight Greer will represent the importer and exporter segment.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012



Is pork industry’s business model broken? More of the retail dollar must be passed back if the industry is to remain sustainable

Peet on Pigs


here is no doubt that, whichever way you look at it, Western Canada is a good place to raise pigs. The combination of abundant space and locally grown feed ingredients provides key elements that are missing in some important pig-producing countries such as Denmark, where manure disposal is a challenge, and China, where a lot of corn and soybeans have to be imported. So why is it that the industry has struggled so much over the last five years? Why did two of the country’s largest producers fail when the hog price fell precipitously this fall? Could it be that the pork industry is not sustainable in its current form? The Canadian pork industry grew rapidly from about 1995 to 2005, with total hog numbers increasing by 80 per cent. Canada became the biggest pork exporter in the world. However, both the expansion in hog numbers and Canada’s success in export markets were built on a weak Canadian dollar, not on its natural advantages. As the currency strengthened, producer and packer profitability fell, leading to a rapid reduction in the number of producers between 2007 and today. The likelihood of a lower-value loonie coming to the rescue seems slim, so the industry will have to adapt to a new economic environment or further contraction is inevitable.

Government help

The industry crisis of 2007-09 severely weakened producers’ balance sheets, leaving them vulnerable to a sudden financial shock, even with better prices from the summer of 2010 onwards. The industry was saved from total annihilation by government assistance, both in the form of loans, the Hog Farm Transition Program and AgriStability payments. Now, not only are many producers’ AgriStability reference margins low or non-existent, but there are distinct signs that both provincial and federal governments are not in the mood for further bailouts. How will the industry survive in future? Production costs in Western

Accepted online from Sept. 13, 2012 through to Oct. 25, 2012

The Canadian pork industry is in danger of losing critical mass. Without some fundamental changes, it will continue to atrophy each time we reach a low in the hog price cycle.

Bernie Peet

Canada are among the lowest in the world and efficiency is good. While cost of production can continue to be reduced, this isn’t the root of the problem. The fact is that we are not adding enough value to our products, both in domestic and export markets. If greater value was created, some of the extra margin could be passed on to producers. Also we continue to base the price that Canadian producers are paid on a U.S. index that is only used to price a small fraction of U.S. pigs and bears little resemblance to what most U.S. producers actually get paid. As a result, we now have the situation where processors are in danger of not having sufficient pigs to fill their plants in future, unless they secure that supply, which they will likely do by purchasing production capacity and moving towards a more integrated business model.

Domestic market eroded

One of the biggest areas of opportunity for adding value is the domestic market, which has been virtually ignored in the rush to export pork. The U.S. has taken full advantage of this situation, with over 25 per cent of all pork consumed in Canada now coming from the U.S. In the first 38 weeks of 2012, imports were up 18.3 per cent compared to last year. During the recent publicity about the perilous state of the pork industry, it would have been nice if our industry leaders had been able to urge the public to support them by buying Canadian pork — except for the uncomfortable fact that it’s mostly impossible to tell the origin of pork in the store. Canadian producers desperately need a pork quality mark to identify their product, based

FCC again offers $100,000 for ag safety projects

“I wonder where these ribs come from?” More than 25 per cent of pork in Canadian stores now comes from the U.S. ISTOCK

on stringent and independently audited quality-assurance standards and backed up by good advertising and promotion. Coupled with improved packaging, more product differentiation and branding and, as a result, greater value adding, this could enable Canadian pork to command a premium compared to U.S. product. Regaining our own market and adding more value could enable processors to decouple their pricing formulae from the U.S. markets.

Risk management

The events of the last five years have also exposed the need for better risk management by producers. Many of our larger production companies not only hedge feed-ingredient prices but forward contract their hogs. However, some independent producers still prefer to play the market, a strategy which has killed many of them off. For example, the Alberta Hog Price Insurance Program (HPIP) was designed after the 2007-09 crisis to meet industry requirements for a means of ensuring a specific price at some point in the future. The uptake by producers has been almost non-existent.

For U.S. producers, price protection, both for inputs and hog revenues, is standard practice. It was possible for producers to lock in at least a proportion of their pigs for September at a price that would have at least covered costs, but many chose not to do this. In future, being able to lock into a profit, however small, may make the difference between survival and failure. The Canadian pork industry is in danger of losing critical mass. Without some fundamental changes, it will continue to atrophy each time we reach a low in the hog price cycle. It needs greater co-operation between the parties in the pork supply chain to create more value. It needs creativity and funding to put in place the activities necessary to recapture the domestic market. And it needs continual improvements in efficiency and cost reduction. An industry that was based on a weak Canadian dollar cannot survive for the long term without a major change in its business model. Bernie Peet is president of Pork Chain Consulting of Lacombe, Alberta, and editor of Western Hog Journal.

The Canadian Agricultural Safety Association (CASA) is partnering with Farm Credit Canada (FCC) to make farm communities safer through the FCC Ag Safety Fund. CASA will be accepting applications for the third consecutive year from charitable and non-profit organizations that need support to deliver various farm safety training programs in their communities or across Canada. Approximately $100,000 will be distributed among successful applicants. Applications to the FCC Ag Safety Fund will be accepted online from Sept. 13, 2012 through to Oct. 25, 2012. “There are many training tools out there that can help make farming safer,” says Marcel Hacault, executive director of CASA. “The goal of this fund is to make sure that we’re putting those tools in the hands of the people who need it. Communities or groups that apply for funding have an opportunity to make their communities a safer place to live, work and play — on and off the farm. So, we encourage them to look at the risks that exist in their communities and propose solutions through education and training.” Past FCC Ag Safety Fund recipients have provided or are continuing to provide training on topics such as safe livestock handling; road safety; safe ATV use; wellness through sleep pattern education; snake, bear and tick safety; and farm safety planning through the Canada FarmSafe Plan.

Safe livestock handling is among the safety courses that have been held through the FCC Ag Safety Fund.

Book your Nexera™ with BuNge* for more ways to wiN! The Bunge Nexember Sweepstakes are back with more prizes every day of November. Book your Nexera contract with Bunge during the month of November for a chance to win one of four daily prizes, or the grand prize of Nexera canola seed for 160 acres. Book before November 30 for the best chance to win. Full details at or call Bunge in Harrowby, MB at 1-800-665-0499. * Contract application must be signed by November 30, 2012 to be eligible for the Bunge Nexember Sweepstakes. No purchase necessary. Sweepstakes closes November 30, 2012. Open to residents of Canada (excluding Quebec). Four grand prizes available to be won (one per crushing station location as follows: Altona, Manitoba; Harrowby, Manitoba; Nipawin, Saskatchewan; Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta) each consisting of Nexera canola seed to plant a maximum of 160 acres (approximate CDN value $6500) (variety of each winner’s choosing based on a list of available options provided by Sponsor); 120 secondary prizes available (thirty per crushing station) each consisting of a CDN$100 gift card. Odds of winning a grand or secondary prize depend upon the number of eligible entries received at the applicable crushing station location immediately prior to each random drawing. Correct answer to skill-testing question required. For full rules, visit 10/12-19193-2A ™Trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC

19193_2A Bunge Nexember_Hrwby_10.25x3.indd 1

10/1/12 11:01 AM


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012










Ste. Rose


Feeder Steers









No. on offer









Over 1,000 lbs. 900-1,000







































































Feeder heifers 900-1,000 lbs. 800-900






























































No. on offer









D1-D2 Cows









Slaughter Market

D3-D5 Cows









Age Verified









Good Bulls









Butcher Steers









Butcher Heifers









Feeder Cows









Fleshy Export Cows









Lean Export Cows









* includes slaughter market

(Note all prices in CDN$ per cwt. These prices also generally represent the top one-third of sales reported by the auction yard.)

robert And Gilles brisson, notre dame de lourdes, Mb own an M205 Windrower with an r85 rotary disc header and a d60 draper header

“Our MacDON DON WiNDrOWer haS the

MOSt cOMfOrtable We’ve SeeN.”

“We cut wheat, canola, flax, clover and hay. Having a single windrower

22114 MacDon Testimonial MaCo G&R Brisson.indd 1


MacDon: Testimonial – Gilles and Robert Brisson (M205 with R85 and D60) (CDN) Manitoba Co-operator: 10.25" x 7.75", CMYK, October 11 / 2012

that can mount both draper and rotary disc headers is a big bonus for our operation. Even better, the significantly increased road and cutting speed of the M205 has reduced our travel time between the field and home.”

MacDon owners are talking… read and watch what they are saying at (204) 885-5590


M205 WindroWer With An r85 rotAry disc heAder


9/13/12 10:43:17 AM


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


Monensin and horses — a deadly combination Absorption can be blocked once discovered, but long-term effects can continue Carol Shwetz, DVM Horse Health


onensin, also known under  its  trade name, Rumensin, is extremely toxic to horses. It is one of the most common accidental poisonings in horses, and yet often goes unrecognized. Farm animals such as horses, cows, chickens and pigs can and commonly do share similar feeds. However, it is extremely important that horse owners are aware that feeds intended for promoting growth in cattle, chickens and swine may contain ingredients fatal to horses. Many modern livestock feedstuffs contain ionophores, feed additives used to enhance feed efficiency, promote growth and control coccidiosis, a protozoan parasite, in cattle, swine and poultry. Monensin is the most familiar ionophore. Others include lasalocid (Bovatec), an anti-bloat agent; salinomycin, narasin, maduramicin, laidlomycin and semduramicin. The concentrated product is rarely found on the farm. It is more commonly available as a premix or in pelleted feeds. Ionophores can also be found in molasses-based mineral blocks for ruminants. Horses are much more sensitive to ionophore toxicity than other species, yet the exact reason is not well understood.

Any exposure to monensin is cause for concern, as horses are nearly 20 times more sensitive than cattle and 200 times more susceptible than poultry on an mg-per-kg body weight basis. A common case of this poisoning is seen in horses used to work feedlots, who have been poisoned by consuming cattle feed containing monensin. Ionophores disrupt the normal flux of ions, particularly sodium and potassium, across the cell membrane. This leads to failure of the mitochondria, which is the part of the cell responsible for energy production. Therefore, the highly energetic tissues of the body such as the heart and skeletal muscles are primarily affected with intoxication. Ingestion of sublethal doses results in structural damage to the heart as damaged heart muscles are replaced by fibrous tissue during the healing process. More severe intoxication ultimately leads to death of the heart muscles.


Clinical symptoms following ingestion of monensin are dose dependent and individual horse dependent. Affected horses may just look like a severe colic with their heart rate consistently double or triple normal rhythm and breathing laboured. Symptoms are progressive and include reluctance to eat, abdominal pain, sweating, excessive urination and an unsteadiness of foot. Following the initial episode of illness, horses have a guarded

Horses working in feedlots are particularly prone to eating feed with ionophore supplements.

prognosis, often exhibiting signs of congestive heart failure. Sudden deaths are common weeks to months following exposure. Symptoms of monensin intoxication are often nonspecific, making it difficult for veterinarians and horse owners to confirm the problem. Once exposure has been discovered, veterinarians will initiate symptomatic and supportive care. Products such as activated charcoal or clays may be used to block further absorption, however, there is no antidote for the monensin poisoning that

already occurred. Some horses might die regardless of treatment, others might recover over days, weeks or months. Of those that survive, some develop irreparable heart damage and so never fully recover. Knowing the devastating effects ionophores can have on your horse makes it obvious that prevention is of key importance. Accidental ingestion of ill-fated feeds must be avoided.

Any exposure to monensin is cause for concern, as horses are nearly 20 times more sensitive than cattle and 200 times more susceptible than poultry on an mg-per-kg body weight basis.

Carol Shwetz is a veterinarian specializing in equine practice at Westlock, Alberta.


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Economic gloom hits U.S. live cattle futures chicago / reuters / U.S. live cattle futures fell to a 2-1/2month low the last week in September in a broad-based sell-off sparked by renewed concerns about the global economy that led to safe-haven investing in the dollar at the expense of other investments such as cattle, traders and analysts said. “It’s a technical meltdown in cattle right now and a global meltdown. Slowing of the economies in Europe, China, Japan and the U.S. is causing a sell-off of about everything, including cattle,” said Dennis Smith a broker for Archer Financial. “Cash is weakening too. Kansas cash cattle traded at $123, down $3 from the previous week.” Falling corn prices, signifying cheaper feed costs, encouraged buying of live cattle, feeder cattle and hog futures, the traders said, which helped limit the price slide of each. “Corn is retreating so you’re starting to see better demand for feeders. We’re hearing reports of better corn yields and the government’s stock report could show more corn than expected,” said Jack Salzsieder, analyst for K&S Financials.

Salzsieder also said the lower feed prices should begin to slow cattle herd liquidation, leading to a more stable wholesale and retail beef market. “Cattle numbers are already down. I think the liquidation phase should be slowing and wholesale beef should be starting to firm up,” Salzsieder said.

Libya lifts ban on Canadian cattle Reuters / Libya has lifted its nine-year ban on Canadian cattle, dating back to a discovery of mad cow disease in Canada in 2003, the federal government has announced. The new market is worth up to a relatively small $3 million annually, and is the most recent in a string of such announcements of new trade access for Canadian cattle or beef. The Canadian cattle industry in the past year has gained market access for cattle to the Philippines, Ukraine, Vietnam, United Arab Emirates and Azerbaijan, and access for beef to South Korea and Peru. Russia also this month lifted a five-year-old ban on breeding cattle from the western Canadian province of British Columbia.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Maple Leaf searching for hog suppliers


Industry experts say predictions of worldwide bacon shortage are overblown By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF


ears of a worldwide bacon shortage are overblown, but local processors are searching for new hog suppliers even as some producers cut their losses and depopulate their barns. “Unfortunately, there will be some producers who do exit this industry,” said Jason Manness, director of procurement for Maple Leaf Foods. “As a result, we are currently looking for new producers who want to supply hogs to Brandon for the long term.” Severe drought in the U.S. this summer sent the price of corn, and other feed grains, soaring and that resulted in a glut of pigs being put on the market. That prompted many producers, who have been hammered in recent years by country-of-origin labelling and the 2009 swine flu scare, to call it quits. Manitoba has lost nearly 30,000 sows since January, according to the Manitoba Pork Council. It also pushed Saskatchewan-based Big Sky Farms into receivership, and forced Manitoba’s Puratone Corporation to file for bankruptcy protection to allow for restructuring. Weanling producers who sell to American finisher operations have been hit particularly hard. But the pendulum will swing the other way, industry experts say. “There will be a tightening of (pork) supplies,” said Manitoba Pork Council general manager Andrew Dickson. “There might be less in storage, and definitely prices will go up.” However, a recent prediction of an impending worldwide bacon shortage by Britain’s National Pig Association is off the mark. “I’m not sure why they think it will be a worldwide shortage, total pork production has increased over the last 10 years,” said Dickson. Current global pork production stands at about 105 million tonnes, up from 85 million tonnes a decade ago. That doesn’t mean the United Kingdom, which imports twothirds of its pork, won’t have difficulties securing supply, but Dickson said that won’t be an issue in Canada. “In Canada, we continue to export about a million tonnes of pork worldwide,” he said. Manness noted a new bacon plant is currently under construction at Maple Leaf’s Winnipeg facility. “While the hog market is experiencing challenges... we have every intention of meeting bacon demand through 2013,” he said. But consumers may feel the pinch at the grocery store till, said Dickson. “Our expectation is that retail prices will increase,” he said. “There will be lots of bacon to buy, but at the right price.”

The fall run of calves is underway and the weaning begins for the keepers.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Research looks for antibiotic alternatives One part antimicrobial peptides; one part Ethiopian mustard, and hold the antibiotics By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF


lant-based peptides could offer alternatives to antibiotics currently used in livestock production, if research at Prairie Plant Systems pans out. The Saskatoon-based company is examining the possible applications of peptides possessing antibacterial properties. “It’s pretty preliminar y research, but the idea behind it is to see if it’s possible to have feed amendments that could prevent or minimize or decrease the amount of antibiotics used in feed,” said Larry Holbrook, a senior research officer with the company. The research began with a different goal in mind — to see if genetically modifying plants to include antimicro-

bial peptides would increase their disease resistance. No field trials were done at that time, but company researchers wondered if the concept could be taken a step further to determine if animals who ate plant seeds containing the peptides would also experience greater disease resistance and improved health, Holbrook said. “The stage we’re at now is designing the vectors to transfer this to plants to test the seed, to see if it has the activity we’re looking for,” he said. In August, the company received a grant of more than $100,000 from the federal government’s Agricultural Innovation Program to explore and test their theory. In preliminar y trials using feed potatoes containing antimicrobial peptides, animals did show an improvement in immunity

and health, Holbrook said. Researchers are now looking at a member of the brassica family, Ethiopian mustard, to see if it could be a good source of the peptide through genetic modification. Antibiotic use in livestock production is increasingly coming under fire as a cause of antimicrobial resistance, but despite his company’s efforts to find alternatives, Holbrook calls that accusation “extremely debatable.” “There are examples of families raising hogs where someone in the family gets antibiotic-resistant bacteria, and then the question is, did it come from the animals, or did the humans pass it to the animals?” he said. “But the antibiotic-resistant bacteria is still out there and can be found in certain stock animals.” He also noted many producers aren’t using antibiotics

to treat diseases, but to promote growth. “They think they give them better growth rates and so it’s almost out of habit that they are using antibiotics without veterinary oversight, so they could be contributing to this overall problem of antibacterial resistance,” said Holbrook. In the long term, new products may also lower production costs for farmers, but Holbrook said it’s too early to tell what the economic benefits of an antibiotic alternative might be. “This is the first step in finding alternatives to the use of antibiotics in animal feed,” said Brent Zettl, CEO of Prairie Plant Systems. “The long-term goal of our research can have benefits for farmers and consumers alike.”

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Man awarded $7.2 million in “popcorn lung” lawsuit The verdict after fake butter ingredient diacetyl was linked to human health problems By Robert Boczkiewicz DENVER / REUTERS

A U.S. Federal Court jury has awarded a Colorado man $7.2 million in damages for developing a chronic condition known as “popcorn lung” from a chemical used in flavouring microwave popcorn. Jurors agreed with the claims by Wayne Watson, 59, that the popcorn manufacturer and the supermarket chain that sold it were negligent by failing to warn on labels that the butter flavouring, diacetyl, was dangerous. The condition is a form of obstructive lung disease that makes it difficult for air to flow out of the lungs and is irreversible, according to WebMd. Watson, of suburban Denver, was the first consumer of microwave popcorn diagnosed with the disease, bronchiolitis obliterans, his attorney Kenneth McClain said. Watson was diagnosed in 2007 at a Denver respiratory health centre, after years of inhaling the smell of artificial butter on the popcorn he said he ate daily. The verdict was the latest in a line of cases in the past 15 years, starting with workers in popcorn plants where diacetyl was an ingredient, that has linked the chemical to health problems. The defendant’s attorney argued Watson’s health problems were from his years of using dangerous chemicals as a carpet cleaner. Similar cases are pending in Federal Court in Iowa and in state court in New York, Watson’s attorney said. McClain said he has represented microwave popcorn and flavouring workers across the U.S. who began suing in 2004 and have been awarded large damages. The jury took a day to reach its verdict after a nine-day trial.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Pet owners and sheep producers warned about tapeworm threat Two species of tapeworm carried by coyotes can cause serious problems if precautions not taken By Sheri Monk FBC STAFF


ere’s one more reason to hate coyotes. The predators frequently carry tapeworms in their gut that can infect dogs and possibly humans. Tapeworms passed on by canine species can also result in sheep measles, a costly disease for sheep and goat producers. One type of tapeworm found in coyotes, Echinococcus multilocularis, is receiving new attention thanks to the research of Alessandro Massolo, a University of Calgary wildlife ecologist with the faculty of veterinary medicine. The expert in canid parasites has been studying the prevalence of this species of tapeworm among Alberta’s urban coyote population, but his research has implications for rural residents. When the tapeworms reproduce, a part of their body (called a proglottid) detaches and is excreted in the feces. Rodents eating scat can then become hosts, are weakened by fastgrowing tapeworm larvae and become easy prey for other coyotes, foxes or worryingly, dogs. That puts humans at risk as the cycle continues and pet owners can inadvertently come into contact with little egg capsules when cleaning up after their dogs, or through petting them. Humans are not proper hosts for this type of tapeworm but can develop cysts on internal organs. The cysts will become a medically significant problem, and after years of incubation, the victim will often present like a liver cancer patient. Surgery will be undertaken to remove the cysts, and two years of chemotherapy follow to ensure the parasite is killed off. If the cysts are inoperable, chemotherapy alone can still be used. It’s an expensive proposition, and very hard on the patient. Left untreated, the condition can become fatal. Although there has never been a case in Alberta, there has been one incidence in Manitoba and cases are more common in China and other countries. A recent study found 23 of 91 urban coyotes necropsied had the E. multiocularis tapeworm and Massolo said both urban and rural pet owners need to take precautions.

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“Don’t let your dog eat rodents,” said Massolo, adding rural dogs should be dewormed at least twice annually. Owners must ask for tapeworm-specific deworming medication as common and over-the-counter roundworm medication will not work, he said. A d d i t i o n a l l y, d o g ow n ers should always wash their hands after being in contact with feces and after grooming or washing their canine companions.

Sheep tapeworm

Another type of tapeworm can cause problems for sheep producers. On c e a g a i n , t h e d a n g e r comes from sheep grazing where feces containing tapeworm eggs are present. The

“Don’t let your dog eat rodents.” ALESSANDRO MASSOLO Parasite expert

eggs penetrate the intestines of sheep and goats, then travel through the bloodstream into muscle tissue. Cysts are then formed in the muscle tissue of the livestock, which can cause severe scarring once the animal’s immune system attacks the invading cysts, leaving marks reminiscent of the spotting rash of measles. The cysts contain juvenile tapeworms, and are passed to coyotes or dogs feeding on deadstock. Although humans cannot be

When the tapeworms reproduce, a part of their body (called a proglottid) detaches and is excreted in the feces.

undercooked or raw sheep or goat meat — and proper and quick disposal of carcasses is essential to halting an outbreak. Reports of “measled” meat by the Alberta Lamb Producers have increased in recent years. If widespread infection is found in an area, the only option may be to limit grazing in the infectious zone.

infected by this tapeworm, it ruins the meat and with severe infestations, results in the entire carcass being discarded. Controlling this tapeworm in infested livestock is difficult and it is recommended producers deworm dogs every two or three months if they’ve been exposed to an infected herd. Dogs should never be fed

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Sclerotinia disease infection on canola stems in a non-resistant hybrid (left) versus Pioneer ® brand 45S52 with the Pioneer Protector Sclerotinia Resistance trait (right). 2012; Nanton, Alberta.

Sclerotinia can be a costly disease for canola growers. Lost revenues exceeded an estimated $600 million in 2010, in a year when conditions were favourable for development of the disease. While the numbers are not all tallied yet, for many areas of the Prairies incidence of sclerotinia in 2012 was higher than we have seen in quite a few years.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

French scientists seeking to make jet fuel on industrial scale from forest waste The ProBio3 project is part of an effort to create biofuels without diverting food crops at a time when commodity prices are soaring By Jean Décotte toulouse, france / reuters


assenger jets could be chomping on straw or flying on fuel extracted from sawdust in coming years as the search widens for cleaner alternatives to kerosene, French scientists say. The “ProBio3” project, started in early July and co-financed by the French government, aims to use traditional horse-bedding materials to develop a new kind of biofuel that can be used in a 50/50 blend alongside kerosene. “Tomorrow, planes will fly using agricultural and forest waste,” said project co-ordinator Carole Molina-Jouve of Toulouse’s National Institute of Applied Sciences (Insa). “We already know how to set up a basic production line but we must move towards an industrial line. We need to translate what is done in laboratories to the real environment while improving its profitability and efficiency.” The move to use straw-based materials or wood shavings as a source of fuel is the latest in a series of biofuel ventures aimed at cutting fuel bills and pollution. So far, most attempts have been based on crop-based products, raising concerns over food shortages following recent droughts. But European plane maker Airbus, one of the program’s backers, believes wood chips and agricultural waste could be alternative fuel sources of the future. With a budget of 24.6 million euros ($32.1 million) over eight years, ProBio3 aims to set up a profitable production chain for hydro-processed oils, a type of biofuel which has been certified by international standards organization ASTM as usable for aviation in combination with kerosene.

Passenger jets could one day8/26/11 be fuelled by horse photo: REUTERS/Rupak De Chowdhuri SEC_CAR11_T_MC.qxd 4:23 PMbedding. Page   1

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At Insa’s biological systems and processes engineering lab in Toulouse, France, where Airbus is based, Molina-Jouve removes a test tube holding a yellowish paste from a refrigerator. “Those are large and fatty yeasts, full of synthesized lipids,” she explains as she stands metres away from a small reactor where sugars and yeasts are combined for the fermentation process. As part of the ProBio3 project, partner Tereos Syral, a specialist in producing starch from cereals, will attempt to replicate the process on an industrial scale using a reactor with 100 times the capacity of the one in the lab. Molina-Jouve dismissed any concern that biofuel production would divert food crops at a time when commodity prices have been soaring. “The project will focus on non-food biomass,” she said. T h e E u r o p e a n Un i o n i s drafting legislation to limit the use of crop-based biofuels in a major shift in the region’s much-criticized biofuel policy, which includes a target of producing two million tonnes of biofuels for aviation by 2020.

EU official says strategic food stocks not the way to tame food prices reuters

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Fuel made from wood and straw may seem at odds with the extreme conditions inside a modern jet engine, where temperatures can reach 1,600 C. But scientists say they already know the basics of the process. Industrial or farm waste is broken down into sugars through enzymes, then mixed with micro-organisms such as yeast, and transformed into lipids through the chemical process of fermentation. The fats obtained in the process are then treated with hydrogen to make a type of hydrocarbon with similar properties to fossil fuels.

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Increased production, not strategic foods stocks, is the most effective way to tame food prices, says a senior EU official. Last month, French President Francois Hollande launched a global campaign to win support for creating strategic stockpiles of food commodities to keep a lid on food prices. But it would be better to boost food production in the world’s poorest countries, said Andris Piebalgs, the EU development commissioner. The French proposal, which was backed by the U.N’s Food and Agriculture Organization, did not specify how and where

the food stockpiles would be developed. However, analysts have been skeptical about the idea as reserves are costly to run, particularly as grain has a shorter storage life than commodities like oil. However, Piebalgs said the idea of using food crops for biofuels should be rethought. “We believe that biofuels should be produced from food residues after crops have been used for providing foodstuff, then the remains can be transformed for second- and thirdgeneration biofuels,” he said. The EU Commission recently announced a major shift in biofuel policy, saying it plans to limit crop-based biofuels to five per cent of transport fuel.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


Farm Credit offers flexibility to struggling hog farmers winnipeg / reuters / Farm Credit Canada, the country’s largest farm lender, says it is willing to adjust or defer loan payments for struggling hog farmers. The lender said it will contact all of its hogfarming clients and help them find ways to deal with a “short-term cash flow problem.” A severe drought in the U.S. has sent feed grain prices soaring and pushed North American hog farmers into steep losses. The problem is compounded as hog farmers reduce the size of their herds, creating a glut of pork and pressuring hog prices. Farmers complain that lenders have reduced the availability of credit, which they say they need to stay in business into next spring when hog prices are expected to rebound. In August, BMO Financial Group said it would offer U.S. and Canadian farm customers drought relief, such as more access to capital, fee concessions, working lines of credit and loan deferrals.

New world record for number of combines in a single harvest

A new Guinness world record for the number of combines in a single harvest was set at Dalmeny, Sask. on Oct. 6 when 249 combines rolled down the field in a fundraising event for Harvest for Kids Saskatchewan, which funds Children’s Camps International.  Supplied photo


Comments invited on mink code of practice The Canada Mink Breeders Association (CMBA) and the National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC) say the draft code of practice for the care and handling of mink is now available for public comment until Dec. 7. The draft code can be viewed and submissions made through NFACC’s website at www.nfacc. ca/codes-of-practice/ mink. In a release, the organizations said anyone can provide comments and suggestions on the code, but all submissions must be made through the online system and follow the instructions provided. A scientists’ committee report on research related to mink welfare is also available on the website. The mink code development committee is comprised of producers, animal welfare and enforcement representatives, researchers, veterinarians and government representatives. The code covers housing, food and water, care and supervision, biosecurity, euthanasia, transport and other management practices for mink in Canada.



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Manitoba Co-operator Jr. Page 4/C 8.125” x 10”


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012



Strong demand for feeder lambs tempered by shorter supplies

Money for safe food transport

Prices were higher than the last sale but lower than at the first September auction By Mark Elliot

September 19, 2012



roducers delivered 500 head of sheep and goats to the Winnipeg Livestock Auction on Oct. 3 providing a good selection for buyers. The pr ice for ewes was up over the last sale, but still lower than at the sale Sept. 5. There was no price distinction between wool and hair breeds. Younger ewes for herd replacement were in high demand. Bids on cull ewes were lower. There was a large group of 18 – 162-pound Dorper-cross ewes sold from a herd dispersal. These ewes sold for $0.60 per pound. There were two rams on offer. A 140-pound Cheviot-cross ram brought $147 ($1.05 per pound). The other was a 190pound Suffolk-cross ram that brought $155.80 ($0.82 per pound). The ram lambs were creating stronger bidding for herd replacement. In the heavyweight lambs, one group of 11 111-pound Cheviot-cross lambs brought $126.54 ($1.14 per pound). The market lambs were dominated by the wool lambs but prices for haired breeds were similar. The price ranged from $1.17 to $1.34 per pound as the weight of the lambs ranged from 95 to 108 pounds. Similar to the sale on Sept. 19, market lambs dominate the lamb sales. The selection and the quality of the lambs was represented throughout this classification for this sale. The weight ranged from 82 to 95 pounds, with a price bidding range from $1.18 to $1.32 per

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$111.87 - $116

95 - 110

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$84.55 - $123.76

80 - 94

$99.60 - $117.80

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70 - 79

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dairy breeds and the Boer for the meat industry. Aging was an influence in the price bidding for the dairy goats, with a price range from $0.64 to $0.70 per pound. It was similar in the bidding on the Boer-cross does, as the younger doe brought $0.99 per pound, while the older Boer-cross doe brought $40.74 per pound. The selection on the bucks was very limited. The 100pound Nubian-cross buck brought $132. Two 128-pound Boer-cross bucks brought $147.50 ($1.15 per pound). Eight 66-pound Boer-cross wethers brought $80 ($1.21 per pound). A 55-pound Alpine-cross buckling brought $79 ($1.44 per pound). Three 55-pound Boer-cross bucklings brought $80 ($1.46 per pound). A 53-pound Alpine-cross buckling and a 53-pound Boer-cross

buckling brought $70 ($1.32 per pound). The lighter-weight goats had various bidding prices, dependent upon each group entering the arena. Four 40-pound Boercross kids brought $60 ($1.50 per pound). Six 47-pound Boer-cross kids and Nubiancross kids brought $70 ($1.49 per pound). A group of three 47-pound Alpine-cross kids and La Mancha-cross kids brought $55 ($1.17 per pound). The group of 43-pound Pygmy-cross bucklings brought $34 ($0.79 per pound). Two 35-pound Saanen-cross kids brought $30 ($0.86 per pound). The Ontario Stockyard Report stated that the sale prices for the well-fed lambs were increasing. Goats sales were continuing to be constant from the other sales through the summer.

pound. Even a few specialty lambs, such as the Jacob sheep, were included in a large group of lambs, not influencing the bidding price. There was also strong bidding on the lightweight lambs. The price ranged from $1.14 to $1.27 per pound. An exception was a 60-pound Cheviot-cross lamb, requiring some maintenance, that brought $1.10 per pound. Five 69-pound Rideau-cross lambs brought $84.87 ($1.23 per pound). A group of 17 66-pound Katahdin-cross lambs brought $81.18 ($1.23 per pound). A 60-pound horned lamb brought $61.50 ($1.025 per pound). A 50-pound Cheviot-cross lamb brought $67.50 ($1.35 per pound). A 35-pound Rideaucross lamb brought $36.75 ($1.05 per pound). The goat classification of does was represented by various

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2 0 1 2


Small Ruminants Animal Rights Issues Grazing Systems Animal Health Tax Planning Legal Liabilities And More!

November 27 & 28, 2012 Victoria Inn Brandon, Manitoba

Tuesday, November 27, 2012 • What We’ve Learned from 28 years in the Feedlot Business - Daryl Busby - Tri County Steer Carcass Futurity - Iowa • Animal Rights/Animal Welfare - Addressing Concerns Ryder Lee - Canadian Cattlemen’s Association • Dealing with Legal Liability Issues - A How-To Guide for Protecting Yourself and Your Family on the Farm - John Stewart

Throne speech Nov. 19 opens new session The reading of the speech from the throne on Monday, Nov. 19 will open the second session of Manitoba’s 40th legislature, Government House Leader Jennifer Howard has announced. Some of the expected initiatives include free cancer drugs, investment in roads and bridges and improved apprenticeship access for workers. “Our focus on what matters most to Manitoba families is getting results in the face of ongoing global economic uncertainty,” said Howard. “In this session, our government will continue to invest in improving health care, creating better job and training opportunities, and building a better quality of life for everyone, while finding responsible ways to reduce spending.”

Wednesday, November 28, 2012 • Comparing different business structures and options.. what works best for your farm and family? Tax Management strategies.. how not to pay the Tax man. - Merle Good


• Livestock Market Outlook - Brenda Schoepp - Beeflink • Manitoba Forage Council Annual General Meeting • Social Media and You - Rosie Templeton - Lethbridge, AB • Advocating Agriculture, Feeding the World - Challenges and Opportunities - The Honourable Ron Kostyshyn - Minster of Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives


MFC member (with membership number): $150.00 MFC membership is $50.00 – Members will have discounted registration rates for the membership year July 31, 2012 – August 1, 2013

Funding for this event has been provided by Growing Forward, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative.

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STAFF /The Canadian Trucking Alliance will get $415,000 from the federal government to implement updated safety standards for hauling food. The investment will update the Trucking Food Safety Program to include the latest food safety standards, regulations and practices. The change also includes a new audit and certification process, as well as creating a userfriendly online system for carriers to use, a federal release says. “Just about every food and beverage consumed by Canadians is carried on a truck at some point,” noted CTA chief executive officer David Bradley. “The Alliance is proud of its Trucking Food Safety Program, but we know it can be made even better through improvements such as automation and enhanced audit protocols. The funds were made available through the Growing Forward program within Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

Together, heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death in Manitoba, and claim the life of one Canadian every seven minutes. Phone: (204) 949.2000 Toll-free: 1.800.473.4636


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012

Feast and famine for Africa farm investment Private investment funds don’t want to put their money into small farms By Helen Nyambura-Mwaura JOHANNESBURG / REUTERS


frican agriculture has a big investment problem: lots of private equity interest but few opportunities because most farms and companies are too small to absorb the cash or provide attractive returns. With only a third of its 630 million hectares of arable land under cultivation and large quantities of water flowing untapped, Africa is the last great agricultural frontier, its soil coveted by Asian giants such as China and India. Soaring grain prices and global food inflation are spurring investor interest in African farming, trends that are also eating into household income on the world’s poorest continent and threatening food riots like those seen in 2008. The stakes are high in a region where agriculture still accounts for about a third of gross domestic product but remains undeveloped and rain fed, with most farms tilled by peasants for subsistence instead of sale. “What Africa has going for itself is that it has the land availability and space to grow agricultural production in a much more significant manner,” said Joseph Rohm, a portfolio manager at Investec Asset Management, which oversees some $3 billion in Africa. African agriculture attracted $102 million worth of private equity investment in the first six months of 2012, compared with $54 million in the whole of 2011, according to the U.S.-based Emerging Markets Private Equity Association. Some of that was by Standard Chartered, which spent $74 million earlier this year on a minority stake in grain and fertilizer trader Export Trading Group and another $20 million for an indirect stake in Zimbabwe’s horticultural firm Ariston.

Small targets

The targets are either too small or too early in their development, and are grappling with price and weather risks, said Peter Baird, Standard Chartered’s head of private equity for Africa, making deals scarce. “It’s hard to either acquire existing assets or to cobble together investible opportunities,” he said. Many investors would rather put their money in the food chain rather than the actual farming, said Daniel Broby, chief investment officer at specialist frontier market investment manager Silk Invest. The fund’s private equity arm is looking at a second closing for its $150 million African Food Fund by 2013 and has already invested in an Ethiopian biscuit manufacturer and a Nigerian fast-food chain. Standard Bank’s head of agriculture in Africa, Mohit Arora, said some seven economies with top agricultural potential need at least $25 billion in both public and private spending over the next three to eight years to grow the sector. Ethiopia alone requires $11 billion until 2020. However, a good chunk of the total private funds raised for the region remained idle last year, he said. “While the investors have gone out and raised quite a lot of money, putting that money to use is another thing,” Arora said.

A girl farms the land during the rainy season outside Gereida (South Darfur),

Unlocking finance

Operating in Africa comes with its unique challenges like opaque land rights, fragmented land in some areas, lack of skills and poor or non-existent infrastructure. Even when there is ready financing, small farmers, who


make up about 70 per cent of agricultural activity, are reluctant to borrow because many are financially illiterate, cannot write up business plans or are put off by high interest rates. To address this the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)

is guaranteeing commercial bank loans for agriculture on one hand, and teaching farmers how to run their farms like enterprises on the other. So far, the Bill and Melinda Gates-supported organization has made available $17 million

in guarantees that has enabled banks to lend another $160 million. Some governments are now catching up and giving similar incentives. Nigeria is offering commercial banks $500 million to unlock $3 billion. In Tanzania — where AGRA’s $2 million of guarantees to the National Microfinance Bank led to $10 million in loans — maize yields in some farms have tripled to 4.5 tonnes per hectare. “The private sector needs to see a viable business opportunity from the agriculture sector, and the agriculture actors need to practise their operations as a business,” said Nixon Bugo, an Innovative Financing officer at AGRA. With a one-billion-strong population growing at 2.3 per cent each year, governments are allocating more budget resources to farming but the amounts are still woefully low and the outlook for Africa’s hungry millions remains precarious.

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The Manitoba Co-Operator | October 11, 2012


Niverville company launches farm-grown energy bar Company slogan is “a farmer and an athlete creating clean fuel for your next adventure” By Lorraine Stevenson co-operator staff / niverville


t’s only just hit the store shelves, but Colleen Dyck’s made-in-Niverville energy bar already has a loyal customer following. “People are sending me photos of themselves on mountain tops or in yoga poses with their GORP bar, or out in the canoe with their kids,” said Dyck, who operates Artel Farms Ltd. with husband Grant. “It’s hit something with people.” Dyck, a triathlete, began what she dubbed “the Great Gorp Project” in 2005 after discovering most leading brands of energy bars contained corn syrup and other ingredients she didn’t want to eat — or feed her children. She decided to create her own bar from natural ingredients sourced as close to home as possible. “It was just an idea at the time,” she said, adding she incorporated the company immediately, thinking it would only take a few months to have a product for sale. Then she began to run the gauntlet of food product development. At the same time she and her husband were designing and building an ultra-modern four-

storey home, as well as expanding Artel Farms, which is now a 13,000-acre enterprise that employs six people full time and 24 on a part-time basis. “There were a few kids birthed along the way too,” said the mother of four. Winning the top prize at the Great Manitoba Food Fight at the 2009 Capturing Opportunities business development forum was a big incentive to keep going with GORP. “When I won that award it did more for me than I think people know,” said Dyck. “It gave me confidence to keep going.” That same month, the couple was also named national co-winners of the Canadian Outstanding Young Farmer award.  The house is now completed and has a fully-equipped commercial kitchen installed in the lower level. There, Dyck and her staff are producing and packaging two flavours of GORP bars, with a third soon to launch. The bars contain locally produced oats, hemp, sunflowers, flax, pea fibre and honey from their canola crops as well as imported ingredients such as cocoa and almonds. During the longer-than-anticipated product development period, Dyck took GORP bars to marathons and fun runs, seeking feedback from prospec-

tive customers. That’s helped fuel the excitement and consumer demand for a new product with a name familiar to any hiker — the acronym stands for “good old raisins and peanuts.” “For me it’s more than a funny acronym,” said Dyck, adding gorp is something you pack for an adventure, whether that’s a day hike or a mountain-climbing expedition.  “To me it’s a philosophy — it’s about healthy living and finding adventure in your life and eating clean. That’s what I tried to duplicate with this product.” The product retails at Vita Health Fresh Market and Nutrition Plus stores in Winnipeg, as well as in several other locations around the city and in southern Manitoba. The company’s logo, a tiny tractor with wings, symbolizes the couple’s approach to farming. “Agriculture is a wild ride,” said Grant. “We recognized that early on.” Artel is a Russian word that stands for “a group of people working together for a common goal” and this team approach has been the foundation of the farm’s success, he added. “We can’t stress that enough,” he said. “We really believe that’s the culture we’re trying to ingrain here.” In addition to GORP and the farm,

Colleen Dyck is the creator of the GORP bar, a high-end energy bar made from homegrown ingredients off her Niverville-area farm.   photo: lorraine stevenson

“There’s people who consume a product and there’s people who advocate for a product.” COLLEEN DYCK

the couple is also involved in Wood Anchor, a Winnipeg company that turns diseased elm and other reclaimed wood into fine flooring and furniture — and a concrete supply business. More about GORP:


The Manitoba Co-Operator | October 11, 2012



Send your recipes or recipe request to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO or email:

Three Sisters Soup

Sweet Zinger Baked Beans

3 c. chicken broth 2 c. frozen corn, thawed 1 c. green beans or yellow wax beans, washed and ends trimmed off 1-1/2 c. butternut squash (or pumpkin) 2 bay leaves Salt and pepper to taste Optional spices: 1/2 tsp. red pepper flakes or 1 tsp. each fresh (or 1/2 tsp. each dried) parsley, basil and oregano

Canada’s Food Guide recommends we consume meat alternatives such as beans, lentils and tofu often. Meat alternatives are an inexpensive source of protein and are high in fibre and low in fat. Pulse Canada includes this tasty glutenfree, vegetarian recipe for beans on their website

Pour the chicken broth into a large saucepan or kettle. Heat until the broth begins to boil. Add the corn, beans, squash and bay leaves. Lower heat and simmer for 45 minutes. Add optional spices if desired, and simmer 15 more minutes. Remove the bay leaves, and transfer the soup in batches to the blender to purée if desired. Serve with bannock.

Meat again

(and again and again) Lorraine Stevenson Crossroads Recipe Swap


ome people keep food diaries, or a daily account of what and how much they eat. It can be a shocking read. All those snacks! Take these records to a dietitian, and we may get another eye-opener: the amount of meat we consume. Susan Watson is a registered dietitian and weight-loss coach in Winnipeg. Clients who bring their food intake diaries to her often discover they’re eating far more meat than what Canada’s Food Guide recommends. “Its usually two or three times more. It’s quite remarkable,” she said. What adds it all up is that six-oz. steak you had for supper, plus the meat in your sandwich, and maybe those two eggs for breakfast. The recommended daily amounts of meat and meat alternatives are far lower than that; the guide recommends women eat two and men eat three servings of meat and meat alternatives each day — and a single serving is 2.5 oz. or 1/2 cup of meat, (or two eggs, or 3/4 cup of beans or 2 tablespoons of peanut butter). On the flip side Watson fairly frequently sees some clients attempting to stop eating meat altogether. But while some try going meatless, few cut out meat altogether. “I don’t think there’s more people today (on a strictly vegetarian diet) than there was five or 10 years ago,” she said. “To even just go down to the (Food Guide) recommendations can be difficult, never mind switching to a vegetarian diet.” Her recommendation: have meatless meals once or twice a week, eat the recommended daily amounts of meat and alternatives, and choose leaner cuts of meat.

You’ve been asking for recipes to use all those acorn and butternut, pumpkin and spaghetti squash that everyone is trying to give everyone else right now. The simple recipe that follows is found on the website on a link describing the traditional diets of Métis and Aboriginal Canadians. Corn, beans and squash were common vegetables grown in vegetable gardens, and planted together, were referred to as “the three sisters.”

I tried this recipe from the October 2011 issue of Real Simple magazine and loved it. 1 2-lb. acorn or delicata squash, halved, seeded and cut into 3/4-inch slices 2 tbsp. canola oil Seasonings to your taste such as oregano, rosemary, thyme etc. Grated Parmesan cheese

Heat oven to 400 F. Arrange the slices of squash on a cookie sheet and baste with oil. Season with seasonings and salt and pepper, and sprinkle with Parmesan. Roast until the squash is golden and tender about 25 to 30 minutes.

Rinse beans. Soak the beans in a pot either by covering with water two inches above beans and leaving overnight (eight hours) or by covering with two inches water and bringing to a boil, covering and removing from heat and letting soak one hour. Drain the beans. Preheat oven to 350 F. In a large saucepan over medium heat, cook onions in oil until just brown, stirring often. Add tomato paste and cook two minutes. Add molasses, sugar, jalapeno, mustard and red pepper, stirring to combine. Sir in beans and 4 cups water. Increase heat to medium high and bring to a boil. Remove from heat. Cover and bake at 350 F for three hours. Stir in remaining 1 to 2 cups of water and bake another 30 to 45 minutes until beans are tender. Remove from oven and stir in salt. Makes: 10 servings (based on 3/4 c. serving size)

Recipe Swap… I’m always happy to hear from readers with your recipes and suggestions for columns! Write to:

Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO Or email:

Vegetarian Bean Lasagna This is a recipe from Ontario White Bean Producers for making a delicious lasagna with beans instead of meat. 1 tbsp. vegetable oil 1 c. chopped onion 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 (14-oz./398-ml) can tomato sauce 1 tsp. dried oregano 1 tsp. dried basil 1 (14-oz./398-ml) can beans in tomato sauce 1 c. 2 per cent cottage cheese 1-1/2 c. grated part skim mozzarella cheese 1 (10-oz./284-ml) can mushroom pieces drained 1 egg, beaten 8 oven-ready lasagna noodles



Parmesan-Roasted Acorn Squash

1 lb. dried navy beans 1 c. diced onions 2 tbsp. tomato paste 1/3 c. light molasses 1/4 c. brown sugar 1 minced jalapeno pepper 1 tsp. dry mustard 1/4 tsp. ground red pepper 5-6 c. water 1 tsp. salt

In a medium skillet, heat oil over medium heat; add onion and garlic. Sauté until softened. Add tomato sauce, oregano, basil and beans; bring to boil. Reduce heat and simmer uncovered eight to 10 minutes. In a small bowl, combine cottage cheese, 1 cup mozzarella cheese, mushrooms and egg; mix well. In a greased 9 x 13-inch baking dish, place one-half of the noodles; top with half the cheese mixture and half the bean mixture. Repeat layers and sprinkle remaining cheese on top. Bake in 325 F oven for 40 to 45 minutes or until heated through. Serve with a tossed salad. Serves 6.


The Manitoba Co-Operator | October 11, 2012


What to do with all those leaves They may be a nuisance to rake but they can be useful

By Albert Parsons Freelance contributor


very autumn most gardeners face a deluge of fallen leaves as the deciduous trees shed their garb for another year. Even gardeners who do not have such trees in their landscape are usually blessed with at least some leaves that blow into their yards from adjoining properties. Gathering them up can be time consuming and labour intensive. I use a lawn mower with a grass catcher attachment to collect them off my lawn. Not only does the catcher collect the leaves, but the mower mulches them so that they are more compact. This method sure beats raking and filling bags with leaves that invariably are caught by a gust of wind just as I go to put them into a bag. I never worry about flower beds and the vegetable garden having leaves on them as they will simply compost naturally and add their nutrients to the soil, all the while providing mulch to protect perennial plants during the cold winter. I go over the lawn with the mower several times during this period so that the leaves are not so deep that the mower has trouble picking them up. At this time of year there is very little grass growth, and by setting the mower blade on the highest setting, I hardly get grass clippings mixed in with the mulched leaves. What do I do with all these leaves besides hauling them to the town composting site? I hate to dispose of good, organic material from my yard so I use my collected leaves in several different ways.


  PHOTO: albert parsons

I use some of the leaves to protect tender plants during the winter. I bag these until it is time to use them, which is usually just before the first snowfall. I cover my hydrangea, my rose bushes and my oriental lilies with dry leaves. I put a tarp on top of the dry leaves over the lily bed to keep the leaves dry, ensuring air can get in around the outside of the tarp to prevent moisture buildup. I place Styrofoam cones over the leaf-covered roses

and use rectangular pieces of foam to form a box around the hydrangeas in which to put the leaves — with a Styrofoam lid on top to keep the leaves dry.


I use some of the leaves to mulch around perennials, both those whose tops I cut off and those whose tops are left on for the winter. This gives the plants a bit more protection — particularly those plants that are rated Zone 3 and 4 and which may succumb to our harsh Zone 2 winter. I often scatter some of the leaves in among the raspberry canes as well.


I save several bags of leaves and store them over the winter to have on hand to use as the brown material in my compost bin the following summer. I make sure the bags are kept where deer cannot get to them — one year the deer tore the bags open and ate most of the leaves during the winter! Any leaves that I have left over are scattered onto the vegetable garden before I have it tilled. The leaves are then worked into the soil. Since they are not decayed and will decompose over a period of time, I often scatter a bit of high-nitrogen lawn fertilizer onto the garden to replace the nitrogen the decomposition process will take from the soil.


I find a use for all of my leaves and maybe, like me, you can manage to have fun with them. I fondly remember when our children were small I used to take them out to “help” me rake the leaves; rather than help they would jump into the piles and I would hasten to bury them alive many times over. The evening would pass and not much of the lawn got cleared of leaves but we sure did have a lot of fun! So, don’t grumble about your leaves; have fun with them and also take time to enjoy their beautiful colours. Leaves are beautiful things! Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba

Angusville welcomes couple from Scotland New business owners open shop to serve community and surrounding area By Darrell Nesbitt Freelance contributor

How far would you go to escape the rat race of a busy life and what would you do when you got there? For Angusville’s newest business owners, James and Caroline Hewson, the answer caught them by surprise. “We never expected to move 6,400 kilometres and open a garage/ tire shop,” said Caroline. “The plan was to farm sheep and have a quiet life enjoying our new home and all the amazing friends we have made!” However, the couple (originally from Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland) has modified that plan since moving to Angusville in September 2011. While they have indeed, left an overcrowded Britain behind to enjoy a better lifestyle in rural Manitoba, this lifestyle now includes mechanics and business in addition to farming. The grand opening of their automotive repair shop, Hewson’s Enterprises Inc. was attended by 150 people this summer. Local representatives were on hand for the official ribbon cutting, including: Rural Municipality (RM) of Silver Creek council members Verna Juba (councillor), Barry Wowk (deputy reeve) and Fred Dunn (reeve), along with owner/ operators James and Caroline Hewson, and tire technician Greg Mallette. Backed by 18 years of business experience, Hewson’s Enterprises Inc. is ready to serve the community and outlying areas. Service includes automotive and tire repairs with a 23-year experienced mechanic and a dedicated tire techni-

James and Caroline Hewson are grateful for the support shown to them.   PHOTO: DARRELL NESBITT cian on hand to help or answer any questions you may have. Along with on-site repairs, Hewson’s offers on-farm 24/7 callouts including mobile welding.

Shop moved

Originally looking at the former Klym’s Garage in Angusville for their use, the couple came to the conclusion that the building was simply too small for what they wanted to do, which made them explore other options. Shortly after, they were offered the former Murray’s Farm Supplies shop at Shoal Lake that has

given them a lot of working space and has the added bonus of looking great next to The Elevator in Angusville, which will continue to serve as a great community landmark. Renovations to the 100x40-foot shop, moved in early summer, included two new layers of tin added on the outside for protection and waterproofing; full rewiring; addition of fire retardant drywall; new waiting room and washroom; and general interior repairs. A brand new hoist, tire changer and balancer were also installed. Hewson said the Angusville and RM of Silver Creek community as a whole has given them the most amazing support and assistance to get going on their business venture located on the western edge of town. “The community we now call home is friendly, generous and supportive,” said Hewson. “We would like to thank everyone who has helped and supported us — friends, the community and businesses alike.” From cars to combines, they look forward to serving the area. They can be reached by phone (204) 773-3025, fax (204) 773-3097 or email at Away from the business side of life, the Hewsons farm sheep at home, which is near Silver Beach, along with making and selling hay. They also have a track hoe plus operator that can be hired out. From a village perspective, James is a member of the Angusville Fire Department, and both James and Caroline enjoy helping with any community events. Darrell Nesbitt writes from Shoal Lake, Manitoba


The Manitoba Co-Operator | October 11, 2012


More questions from readers Reena answers questions on cooking, cleaning and tiles Reena Nerbas Household Solutions Dear Reena, How can I prevent rice from sticking to the pot while cooking and ending up with a ball of “glump” (to use one of your words)? Therran Hello Therran, One way to prevent rice from sticking to the pot is to cook it in the microwave. For one cup of rice, add two cups of water. Season and cook in microwave on HIGH for 15 to 20 minutes. No sticky mess. If you prefer to cook rice on the stove: Rinse the rice before you boil it (until the water becomes fairly clear). Add a little oil or butter to the pot (rice in a pot should not be overcooked). Or boil your rice in lots of water and when done, just strain it through a sieve. Perfect rice every time. Dear Reena, We are investigating the possibility of installing new flooring in our kitchen. We are deciding between ceramic and porcelain floors. What is the difference? Canree Hi Canree, Although people often use the terms ceramic and porcelain interchangeably (much like linoleum and vinyl), the composition of true ceramic is very different from that of porcelain. Ceramic is made mainly of clay mixed with various minerals and water. This composition is then processed with heat to create the solidified product. Since ceramic material is porous, the top surface is usually sealed with a glaze. The glazed surface is referred to as the design layer since it determines the tile’s finished colour and texture. Glazed ceramic tile is durable, and normally lasts longer than any non-tile material used for the same purpose. It is easy to clean, and will not absorb odours, nor support allergens or bacteria. When coated with a Grade III or higher glaze, ceramic tile is highly resistant to scratching and moisture. Another important feature is that it will not burn, emit toxic fumes or scorch. In comparison, the primary ingredient of true porcelain tile is finely ground sand. Unlike ceramic, processing of the porcelain composition involves pressure and extremely high temperature. The end result is a very dense, glasslike material with a water absorption rate of less than 0.5 per cent. Because of its density and composition of natural ingredients, porcelain tile has all the same excellent qualities of glazed ceramic. Consumers purchasing porcelain tiles are often told that they will not need to replace sections if chipped, based on a misperception that all porcelain tiles are the same colour all the way through. This is sometimes true, but new design creations have led to the addition of a design layer. Like glazed ceramic, the top surface of some porcelain tile is glazed to produce a specific coloured finish. A chip in such a surface would reveal the tile’s different body colour and thus warrant replacement. Porcelain is a denser, stronger material than ceramic. However, porcelain’s hardness makes it more challenging to install. When comparing price

Some people wonder what the difference is between porcelain and ceramic tile.

and durability, there is little difference between ceramic and porcelain tile. Expensive and inexpensive styles are available in both types, and under normal circumstances, there will be no noticeable difference in wear between the two. Either way, it doesn’t really matter which type of tile you select. Ceramic and porcelain are both exceptional floor and wall covering materials. The only problem you’ll have is deciding which size, colour and texture you prefer. Dear Reena, I have mould on my stippled bathroom ceiling. Is there an easy way to remove this without damaging the stippling? Thanks for your help. Chris Hi Chris, Begin by ventilating the room where you are working. In order to zap that mould, you need to combine 50/50 water and bleach together in a spray bottle. Spray the bleach solution onto the affected area and leave it alone for 30 minutes. Use a cloth dipped in water to dab away the mould stain; this may require several applications. Repeat the process until you get rid of the mould completely. If the mould is stubborn, increase the bleach concentration. If that pesky mould just won’t budge, seal and then repaint the affected area. In order to paint the area there are products available specifically designed to fix stipple. Apply with a sponge to acquire a stippled effect. You can also use premixed grout or multi-purpose filler mixed with paint in order to reach your paint colour. Note: Painting stipple makes it almost impossible to remove in the future.



eedback from fabulous readers with regards to a letter about the importance of carbon monoxide detectors in the home: Hi Reena, It is very important to have a working carbon monoxide detector in your house. When our two granddaughters left home to attend university, we bought them a detector (which they probably thought was a bit over the top). When we visited them a few weeks later they had not plugged it in, so we did. Three or four weeks after that they called 911 because their detector was screaming. The furnace was inspected and found to be faulty and they were told to have a new one installed immediately. They did, and the emergency responders said they were very lucky that they had a detector in their home. Gail Dear Reena, I wanted to add a note to your response to Otto, regarding the gift of a carbon monoxide detector. You stated that purchasing one is a very smart choice. Having one if any system in your home uses fossil fuels is indeed the only smart choice. What you didn’t explain is, where CO gas comes from: “Carbon monoxide is present in low levels in the air. In the home, it is formed from incomplete combustion from any flame-fuelled (not electric) device, including ranges, ovens, clothes dryers, furnaces, fireplaces, grills, space heaters, vehicles and water heaters. Furnaces and water heaters may be sources of carbon monoxide, but if they are vented properly the carbon monoxide will escape to the outside. Open flames, such as from ovens and ranges, are the most common source of

Handy tip of the week: To temporarily camouflage tiny nicks or chips in flooring, melt a matching crayon. Drip the wax onto the area. Use a plastic scraper or ruler to “level off” the top so the wax is even with the floor.

carbon monoxide. Vehicles are the most common cause of carbon monoxide poisoning.” Source: If Otto has electric heat and appliances he would indeed be better served by installing an additional smoke detector, as he suggests. Persons with a garage attached to their home may also want to consider the installation of a CO detector. Denise I enjoy your questions and tips, keep them coming! Check out my new website: Reena is a popular presenter and author of the national bestselling series, Household Solutions 1 with Substitutions, Household Solutions 2 with Kitchen Secrets and Household Solutions 3 with Green Alternatives. If you would like Reena to visit your area and present a workshop, please call (204) 320 2757.


The Manitoba Co-operator | October 11, 2012


iPhone ready. The Manitoba Co-operator mobile app is available for iPhone mobile phones. Download the free app at

M a r e s ’ tai l s and mac k e r e l sca l e s ma k e ta l l ships ta k e in th e i r sai l s .

Westerly winds and high pressure dominate Issued: Monday, October 8, 2012 · Covering: October 10 – October 17, 2012 Daniel Bezte Co-operator contributor


hen it comes to weather and weather f o re c a s t i n g yo u’ve got to love and hate this time of year. Both spring and fall are the transition periods between our two main seasons, winter and summer. In simple terms, it’s a time of battle between these two seasons. This can make for some interesting weather and can be a real headache when it comes to forecasting. We saw this during the last forecast period, as Mother Nature decided to do her own thing, bringing in two different systems that were not forecast, though they did bring some much-needed precipitation. During this forecast period it looks like the weather pattern will be quieter, although there will be a few systems around that could impact our weather. During the first part of this forecast period, the trough of low pressure that sat over Hudson Bay for the last week or so is expected to lift northeastward. At the same time, an upper low off California is forecast to move eastward across the central U.S. These shifts in the upper pat-

tern will combine to allow our overall flow to become zonal or westerly. Weak high pressure will build in, bringing sunny to partly cloudy skies and high temperatures should be around the 10 C mark. These conditions should last right through the weekend. The upper California low will help develop a fairly strong area of low pressure as it passes by to the south, but all models keep this system well to our south. For the second half of this forecast period, the weather models show a large area of low pressure developing off the coast of Alaska. This will slowly help to switch our winds to a slightly more southerly direction. As a result we’ll likely see temperatures inch up a little bit early next week, with highs expected to be in the 12 C to 14 C range. Skies will continue to be partly cloudy and overnight lows should remain above the freezing mark. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, 6 C to 18 C; lows, -4 C to 5 C. Probability of precipitation falling as snow: 20 per cent. Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at


Departure from Average Precipitation (Prairie Region) April 1, 2012 to October 4, 2012

-198 to -167 mm -167 to -135 mm -135 to -104 mm -104 to -72 mm -72 to -41 mm -41 to -9 mm -9 to 22 mm 22 to 53 mm 53 to 85 mm 85 to 116 mm 116 to 148 mm 148 to 179 mm 179 to 211 mm 211 to 242 mm Extent of Agricultural Land Lakes and Rivers

Produced using near real-time data that has undergone initial quality control. The map may not be accurate for all regions due to data availability and data errors. Copyright © 2012 Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada Prepared by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s National Agroclimate Information Service (NAIS). Data provided through partnership with Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and many Provincial agencies.

Created: 10/05/12

The precipitation map for last week’s two weather systems was not available at the time of publishing. For this issue I’ve provided a map that shows the difference between the average amount of precipitation that should fall across the Prairies during the growing season (April through to Oct. 4) and what actually fell. Much of southern Manitoba saw drier-than-average conditions, with precipitations deficits greater than 100 millimetres in a number of places and approaching 200 mm in a few others. The farther northwest you move, the wetter it was. Conditions over northern agricultural Saskatchewan were very wet, with a large area seeing over 100 mm above the longterm average and some areas reporting over 200 mm above average.

Early snow doesn’t equal snowy winter History of snowfall in October doesn’t indicate more to come By Daniel Bezte co-operator contributor


t seemed to catch pretty much everyone by surprise, including yours truly. What looked to be an innocent area of low pressure, expected to stay well to the southeast of Manitoba late last week, ended up bringing the first taste of winter to much of eastern and south-central Manitoba. Most of southeastern Manitoba saw a significant dump of wet snow late last week and while it caused a major headache for many, the moisture was more than welcome. Snow fell in most areas east of the Red River over a twoday period and by the time all was said and done, some pretty impressive totals were recorded. Table 1 is a list of some of the amounts recorded by Environment Canada. Farther west, most of the precipitation came down as rain or a mix of rain and snow, with little snowfall accumulating. Looking at satellite images on the Saturday following this storm system, you

could easily see all the snow that fell over eastern regions. Another swath of snow fell in south-central Manitoba, running from near Portage southsoutheastward, toward the U.S. border. This band of snow was likely the result of the influence of Lake Manitoba. The heavy snow that fell just to the east of Lake Winnipeg was also probably the result of moisture coming off Lake Winnipeg. You could see in the same satellite image that the moisture and heat coming off Lake Winnipeg resulted in rain falling to the immediate south and east of the lake, as no snow was on the ground in these regions, while there was snow on the ground along the west side of the lake. Whenever we get an early dump of snow the talk seems to quickly shift to how this is a sign of the winter to come. I’m not sure why this is, but I thought I’d check into this mindset, to see if early snowfalls are harbingers of snowy winters. When I started to look back at the weather records for early snowfall, I noticed

there were no large-scale October snowfall events. That is, either western Manitoba received snow, or eastern Manitoba did. I could not find one occurrence where both regions received snow at the same time in October. Looking at western regions, using Brandon’s weather data, I found that greater than 10 centimetres of snow have fallen on at least 15 occasions going back 100 years. The last couple of times were as recent as 2009 and 2005. During both of those winters Brandon recorded average amounts of snow (Brandon’s average snowfall from October to March is 103 cm). Further back in Brandon’s weather history, one year in particular had what can only be described as the worst October on record — that is, unless you love snow. In 1959, western regions of Manitoba saw not just one day with greater than 10 cm of snow during October, but a remarkable four days! In total, in October 1959, Brandon recorded an astounding 90 cm of snow, or nearly a whole winter’s total. Interestingly, during the rest of that winter, Brandon

only recorded a further 76 cm, bringing the winter total to 166 cm, well short of the recordsetting year of 1903-04 when 241.3 cm of snow fell. Farther east, using Winnipeg’s weather data, we find this area has also seen at least 15 significant October snowfalls over the last 100 or so years. The last one occurred in 2003, when 15 cm of snow fell on Oct. 27. The winter following saw near-average amounts of snow (“average” is about 113 cm for Winnipeg). What was interesting about Winnipeg’s data, compared to Brandon’s, was that nearly all of Winnipeg’s significant October snowfalls occurred during the last few days of the month, while in Brandon, there were several significant snowfalls earlier in the month. That said, there was one year that had a significant earlyOctober snowfall: 1950, when 12.7 cm of snow fell on Oct. 2. I checked the following winter and found only 102 cm of snow fell, which is below average and way below the record winter snow for Winnipeg, 250.9 cm in 1955-56.

Table 1. What fell and where Sandilands

30 cm

La Broquerie

27 cm


25 cm


22 cm

South Junction

20 cm


20 cm


15 cm

Cooks Creek

14 cm


10 cm


9 cm


8 cm

Source: Environment Canada

Overall, significant October snowfalls in southern Manitoba, while not a regular occurrence, are not that unusual either. Also, there does not appear to be any correlation between early snowfalls and snowy winters. So, for those of you who saw some of this early snow, it will melt away, if it hasn’t already — and it’s not yet time to hit the panic button about the winter to come.

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