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A stinky solution

Marketing a new cash crop: Wheat

The lowly stinkweed could become biofuel » PaGe 33

Special Grain Marketing feature » PaGe 39

September 27, 2012

SHIPPING NEWS

SERVING MANITOBA FARMERS SINCE 1925 | Vol. 70, No. 39

Ritz: Farm supports had to be changed AgriStability was feeding the land price boom

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$1.75

Churchill season should be extended

A climate change researcher says Hudson Bay will eventually be ice-free year round, which is good news for the port

By Allan Dawson co-operator staff

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griculture Minister Gerry Ritz defended his government’s move to cut direct farm supports last week as farm leaders and even one of his provincial counterparts complained they were blindsided. Ritz told reporters at the Canadian Farm Writers Federation conference in Winnipeg the existing design of programs like AgriStability may be in fact destabilizing the sector. “It was starting to create a situation where we’re seeing the price of land go up and the price of inputs go up and farmers weren’t really as concerned about that as they probably should be,” Ritz said. “We’re also seeing a lack of attention to any type of new insurance program — no one is going to pay a premium when they get 100 per cent coverage for a See SUPPORT on page 6 »

An aerial view of the Port of Churchill. The push is on to convince insurance brokers to extend the port’s shipping season.  REUTERS/John Woods/Pool (CANADA) By Allan Dawson co-operator staff

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hurchill’s three-month shipping season can safely be extended by at least a month and eventually climate change will allow the port to be open year round, says David Barber, Canada research chair in Arctic System Sciences at the University of Manitoba. “Right now the open water is 30 days longer than it used to be,” Barber said during a recent seminar. “The date of shipping into Churchill is just artificially assigned right now. It needs to

be defined based on scientific evidence.” That’s music to the ears of Sinc Harrison, president of the Hudson Bay Route Association, which has lobbied for decades to increase shipping, especially grain, through Manitoba’s only sea water port. His association wants Ottawa and eventually the firms that insure ships, such as Lloyd’s of London, to recognize the new climate reality, he said. “We’d like to see an action plan in place to get things rolling as quickly as possible because, as Dr. Barber has pointed out, there is no reason

the season can’t be extended significantly,” Harrison said. Ideally Churchill’s season, which now runs from the end of July until the end of October, will be extended next year, but that time frame might be ambitious, he said. “I was even having trouble sleeping last night, I was so excited about all the things I heard and all the potential there is,” Harrison said in an interview the day after the Sept. 9 seminar. “Churchill has had a lot of doom and gloom the last while so it’s certainly got to be good news for (Churchill Mayor) Mike Spence and the owners of OmniTRAX

(the railway that serves the port, which it also owns).” It’s been feared the move to an open wheat market would see the big grain companies funnel grain to their terminals in B.C. or at Thunder Bay, and that prompted Ottawa to offer a $25-million subsidy over five years in which eligible shippers get a $9-per-tonne payment. A longer season makes the port more attractive to shippers, and saying it is only three months long is “silly,” said Barber. “It’s an approach that is 80 See CHRUCHILL on page 6 »

LIVING THE HYLIFE: RITZ SAYS IT’S ONE TO WATCH » PAGE 3


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

INSIDE

on the lighter side

LIVESTOCK

Sweet times for U.S. cows The hidden costs Euthanizing livestock is tough on humans

Gummy worms and other treats are replacing costly corn feed By Carey Gillam kansas city / reuters

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CROPS The French connection An imported machine could help revive flax fibre

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FEATURE

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ike Yoder’s herd of dairy cattle are living the sweet life. With corn feed scarcer and costlier than ever, Yoder increasingly is looking for cheaper alternatives — and this summer he found a good deal on ice cream sprinkles. “It’s a pretty colourful load,” said Yoder, who operates about 450 dairy cows on his farm in northern Indiana. “Anything that keeps the feed costs down.” As the worst drought in half a century has ravaged this year’s U.S. corn crop and driven corn prices sky high, the market for alternative feed rations for beef and dairy cows has also skyrocketed. Brokers are gathering up discarded food products and putting them out for the highest bid to feedlot operators and dairy producers, who are scrambling to keep their animals fed. In the mix are cookies, gummy worms, marshmallows, fruit loops, orange peels, even

dried cranberries. Cattlemen are feeding virtually anything they can get their hands on that will replace the starchy sugar content traditionally delivered to the animals through corn. “Everybody is looking for alternatives,” said Ki Fanning, a nutritionist with Great Plains Livestock Consulting in Eagle, Nebraska. “It’s kind of funny the first time you see it but it works well. The big advantage to that is you can turn something you normally throw away into something that can be consumed. The amazing thing about a ruminant, a cow, you can take those type of ingredients and turn them into food.” Pricing and availability of the many different “co-products” as they are called, varies from place to place, but buyers report savings of 10 per cent to 50 per cent. Savings for operators are shrinking, however, as savvy resellers tie pricing for their alternative offerings to the price of corn, which surged to record highs this summer due to drought damage.

Soccer golf anyone? Swedish family creates agro-tourist experience

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CROSSROADS Sod-busters and brush scrubbers Early settlers struggled with fire and bush

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Editorials Comments What’s Up Livestock Markets

Grain Markets Weather Vane Classifieds Sudoku

11 16 26 30

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Ritz rejects ad hoc aid for hog producers Ontario pig producers are fairing better than those in the West says FCC’s Lyndon Carlson By Allan Dawson and Shannon VanRaes co-operator staff

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ederal agriculture minister Gerry Ritz is monitoring the financial problems facing hog producers, but he’s not prepared to offer the ad hoc assistance some are seeking for the industry. “Well, I’m not a big proponent of ad hoc programs,” Ritz told reporters Sept 22 after speaking at the Canadian Farmer Writers’ Federation’s (CFWF) annual meeting in Winnipeg. “It masks market signals. It doesn’t allow the industry to adapt.” Skyrocketing feed prices in the wake of drought in the United States, Country-of-Origin Labelling (COOL) and the high Canadian dollar forced two of Canada’s biggest hog producers — Saskatchewan-headquartered Big Sky Farms and Niverville-based Puratone Corp. — to seek creditor protection earlier this month. Keystone Agricultural Producers added its voice to the call for additional support last week, calling for $150 million to

tide Manitoba producers over until market conditions improve. “Manitoba’s pork industry needs help — and it needs help now,” said KAP president Doug Chorney. “Two months is too long to wait. For some farmers, two weeks might even be too late.” But he stressed that hog producers aren’t looking for a handout; they’re asking for the federal and provincial governments to provide interim financing to producers. “Commercial lenders are starting to lose confidence in the market,” said Chorney. “And producers are in a vulnerable position because they have nowhere to get credit... the symbolic failings of two big companies has really put a lot of fear in other potential providers.” “There are many, many small farm operations that are experiencing the same set of disastrous circumstances and are just quietly fading away,” he said. Ritz said part of the solution is for hog producing companies to become even more integrated. “We look with pride at what HyLife has been able to do under

the same circumstances,” he said of the La Broquerie-based company, which owns and operates its own hog-packing plant at Neepawa. “There’s a lot of good positive things to emulate from the HyLife structure.” In a statement, HyLife, Canada’s largest hog processor, said it’s optimistic about the future of the hog business. Hog producers in Ontario are doing better than those out West, Lyndon Carlson, Farm Credit Canada’s senior vice-president of marketing, told the CFWF meeting. “They’ve got some fairly secure delivery contracts that have actually seen some of those hog barns growing in the last couple of years when some of the Prairie farmers haven’t been growing,” he said. Hog-producing Hutterite colonies are also faring better because they are generally well diversified, he said. “They’ve got lots of enterprises so they can balance things out when times are tough.” In an interview later Carlson SEC-VESP-12T_GN.qxd 9/17/12 said Ontario hog producers are

“Well, I’m not a big proponent of ad hoc programs.” Gerry Ritz

typically smaller and have less debt than those in the West. “When you’re as big as some of the very biggest players you’re burning through some real big dollars every month,” Carlson said. “It’s hard to sustain.” Hog production in Manitoba and Saskatchewan expanded 10 years ago, but much of it was done with borrowed money, he said. “If they just had a little more sustained period of profitability they’ve would’ve been able to get their balance sheet in much better shape, but they just couldn’t get that break,” Carlson said. “I would not point a finger at the management because I know some of these guys. These guys are very competent.” Of FCC’s $24 billion in loans, 2:57 PM Page 1 about a billion has been loaned to

the hog sector, Carlson said. FCC will “stand by our customers as best we are able,” he said. That’s something Ritz said he’d like other lenders to do. “I would like to see… a more fulsome agenda from the lending institutions — banks and credit unions — that once they get into the farm sector they stay in,” he said. “You know this in-and-out on an annual basis doesn’t help anyone. Farming is a very dollar intensive business and they need some long-term stability there.” Ritz said he has also been in discussions with Maple Leaf. He said he is concerned slaughtering plants continue getting enough hogs to keep operating. “That’s imperative,” he said. allan@fbcpublishing.com

Shoal Lake producers take buyouts Voluntary buyout program is nearing an end along the shores of the Shoal Lakes By Shannon VanRaes

Leonard Dziedzic

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he tide may be turning for producers in the Shoal Lakes area, even though the water is still high. “Everybody is making the best of a bad situation,” said Howard Hilstrom, one of 43 farmers to accept buyout offers from the province via the Shoal Lake Agricultural Flooding Assistance Program. The for mer Refor m and Canadian Alliance MP for Selkirk-Interlake said a final farewell in August to his ranch, which once supported 300 head of cattle. “There were mixed feelings, we certainly would have liked to have sold off the complete ranch, maybe to a young couple who was looking to get into ranching,” he said. “But we looked at all of the Shoal Lake issues and felt it was in our best interest to leave it behind, say goodbye to that part of our life and move on.” Problems for producers near the three shallow lakes began more than a decade ago, as a prolonged wet cycle outpaced evaporation. The lakes have no natural outlet for excess water. Many residents had hoped either the province or local municipalities would construct a drain utilizing the existing Grassmere channel, but that plan was deemed unfeasible by government. Instead the province brought in a voluntary buyout program, expected to cost about $22 million. “If they would have done something about the lake when we started asking them about it years ago, we wouldn’t be in this situation,” said Leonard Dziedzic, who has lost 300 acres of hay land to the growing body of water.

“If they would have done something about the lake when we started asking them about it years ago, we wouldn’t be in this situation.”

But he doesn’t anticipate he will accept the province’s offer, noting it arrived three weeks after the program deadline. “For us, it’s been a real rigmarole,” said Dziedzic. “We’re probably not going to take anything.” Taking the long view, the 50-year-old rancher notes the lake is now starting to recede and that after a few years drying out, his land will again be able to produce hay. But all that could change with another wet year, said Dziedzic, adding he still hopes the province will eventually build a permanent drain for the lakes. However, he isn’t holding his breath. “This government just doesn’t care about agriculture,” he said. No one from the province was available to comment on the buyouts, but in an emailed statement a spokeswoman for Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives said, “The province is continuing to work with applicants to finalize their buyouts... We continue to work with all producers who have applied to the program.” In addition to the 43 offers which have been accepted, eight offers are currently being appealed by applicants.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

OPINION/EDITORIAL

Just one lofty target this time

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t’s a bit tough having your only child living 8,000 kilometres away in Europe, but you can’t complain about the opportunity to combine an annual visit with a vacation in interesting places. Accordingly, with a good appetite after a long, cold morning tackling hills by bicycle one Sunday last May, my wife and I approached a small Slovenian town and a restaurant with a well-filled parking lot. John Morriss It turned out to be full of families having Editorial Director their after-church lunch, but there was one table available for the day’s set meal of roast pork, dark in colour and rich in flavour. After the first bite we both looked at each other, and one or both of us said, “I remember pork like this.” Unfortunately, it was from many years ago, probably at family dinners with grandparents. Apologies to hog-farming readers, who have enough problems these days, but we don’t buy much pork, and haven’t for years. It’s a good price, and certainly nutritious, but it tastes like… well, it doesn’t taste much like anything. Being of the “Don’t eat a lot, but enjoy what you do eat” persuasion, beef and lamb producers get our dollars instead. The industry claim used to be that Canadian pork, or at least western Canadian pork, was superior to that greasy corn-fed American stuff. It was said that since the main ration was barley, it tasted better, and the fat was firmer and whiter. A thorough scientific analysis (i.e. Google search) suggests there is some controversy about that and that while fat quality may be better with barley, it does not have much effect on meat quality. I’ll leave that to the livestock nutritionists to sort out. All I know is that pork used to taste better, and that if I could get some like that pork in Slovenia, I’d buy it. Perhaps it had been raised on something impractical on a large scale, such as acorns and fallen apples, like those super-premium Iberico pigs from Spain, but the lunch was only 10 euros (C$12.75) each with a glass of wine and dessert, so that’s unlikely. Even if feeding barley means better-tasting pork, there are problems with finding economical fusarium-free supplies. This is not to underestimate the problems in the industry, for which there are no simple solutions. However, this example may point to at least one part of the solution. Surely Canadian consumers should be able to go to the supermarket and buy a package of Canadian pork, identified not only by the label but by its superior taste and quality. So far, the Canadian industry has, if anything, been against that concept. In recent years it’s spent much effort trying to convince us that U.S. and Canadian pork should be treated as one and the same. Pigs are pretty much fed on the same rations on both sides of the border, and the industry has gone to great expense in a futile effort to stop U.S. country-of-origin labelling. That means it doesn’t want U.S. consumers to know they’re buying Canadian product. What’s sauce for the gilt is sauce for the barrow, so perhaps the industry sees it as embarrassing to put a Canadian label on product sold here. Accordingly, U.S. pork, which can flow freely into Canada, now makes up 25 per cent of the product on Canadian shelves, according to Alberta Pork CEO Darcy Fitzgerald in a recent interview, adding that, “Canadian consumers should be asking for (domestic product) to be labelled. If it happens that Canadian product costs more than imported product, consumers should have the opportunity to decide if they are willing to pay the extra price to ensure they have a high-quality domestic supply in the future.” Amen to that, but consumers won’t ask for Canadian labelling if producers don’t support it, or provide a reason why the product under the label is better for its inherent quality, for the pigs or for the farmers raising them. Canadian consumers went to bat for beef producers during the BSE crisis. It’s notable that they haven’t had the same outpouring of sympathy for hog producers, and it doesn’t appear there will be much government support this time around. If you’re looking for reasons why they’re cutting back on AgriStability margins, just have a look at the millions paid to hog producers under the CAIS program in 2007-08. The hog industry is on its own this time. The industry’s current state is an example of simplistic analysis that’s too common in agriculture — “Population is growing, people are eating more meat, and the sky’s the limit.” What’s needed is a thorough review, preferably from outside, of why that went wrong and where the industry should go from here. Let’s have a sensible analysis of where hog production fits appropriately in Western Canada, not lofty targets. Except perhaps one — pork that is chosen for its taste, not its price. john.morriss@fbcpublishing.com

Another bailout not the answer By Sylvain Charlebois

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any factors, most of them foreseeable and manageable, have triggered bankruptcies in the hog industry over the years. These factors include fuel costs, currency fluctuations and access to some markets closing. Big Sky Farms, now in receivership, filed for bankruptcy protection and restructured its business just a few years ago after a similar run-up in feed costs. Manitoba-based Puratone Corporation is filing for bankruptcy protection. The most recent bankruptcies are evidence the industry is still incapable of systemic adaptation. Canada is one of the most cost-competitive pork producers in the world. Most swine producers in Canada are astute cost managers. Nonetheless, current business models in the industry don’t allow producers to hedge against higher feed costs. So when input costs increase, margins across key business units get much tighter. Most of what we export is fresh or frozen, but value creation and economic growth lies in processing. Despite the relatively higher costs, Danish hog producers are efficient pork exporters. Denmark has harmonized the supply chain from breeding and genetics to production, slaughter, processing and export. That gives the Danish hog industry an unparalleled competitive advantage. Such coordination from farm to market enables the industry to tailor products to specific market segments. So we buy pork from Denmark, but Denmark rarely buys from us. After its last brush with bankruptcy, Big Sky, which is run by producers, remodelled itself to focus on managing supply, not on distribution or marketing that is sensitive to demand. Meanwhile, through close vertical and hori-

OUR HISTORY:

zontal co-ordination, the Danish industry is able to decrease transaction costs, turn up efficiency and enhance the quality of its products. In other words, the industry’s structure is based on market demand, not on the primary producers’ needs. Increased competitiveness must be based on enhanced economies of scale, and also on more strategic flexibility, proximity to market and increased global focus. The Canadian hog industry exported more than $3 billion worth of products last year. Some could be produced elsewhere. Production points could get close to aimed markets and logistical capacity could easily be enhanced. The Canadian hog industry committed only to building cost-management efficacies in recent decades, making it vulnerable to unexpected changes in input costs. Recently bankrupted companies will expect something from governments, and why not? Public coffers have helped the industry on several occasions in the past. Billions of dollars later, most governments have changed their views on how they want to support the hog industry, not necessarily by choice but by fiscal obligations. Governments are out of money. The Canadian hog industry will have to work itself through this difficult predicament. Higher feed costs will likely trim herd sizes over the coming months. As usual, the industry will naturally recalibrate itself based on market conditions and prices will go up again. It is a shame that all this will happen without a long-term strategy in place. To save the hog industry, governments should leave it alone and let it figure out how to better manage systemic risks. Or else, it will continue its journey toward a slow and certain demise. Sylvain Charlebois is associate dean of the college of management and economics at the University of Guelph.

September, 1991

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n September 1991, two Winkler-area farmers, Rab Wiebe and John Froese were in a coffee shop, and like most others, were frustrated about an initial wheat payment of $2 due to the U.S.-EU export battle raging at the time. If that wasn’t bad enough, grain movement was stalled as grain inspectors were part of a nationwide Public Service Alliance of Canada strike. Wiebe and Froese decided it was time to do something and suggested a rally. The idea spread quickly and within days a meeting was organized for Sept. 12, which attracted a standing-room-only crowd of up to 1,500 at the Miami community centre. We reported that “verbally battered” Agriculture Minister Charlie Mayer promised to do his best, but declined to promise the $30-per-acre payment demanded by many farmers at the meeting. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney soon after announced a $700 million aid package, but that did not discourage a larger rally resulting from the one in Miami. On Oct. 9, a crowd estimated at between 7,000 and 10,000 farmers converged on Winnipeg for a rally in front of the legislature, followed by a march to Portage and Main.

Farmers were able to attend both rallies because of an early and large harvest, along with plenty of straw which was being burned around Winnipeg. The city had again been choked with smoke, and residents and health officials were demanding restrictions on stubble burning.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

COMMENT/FEEDBACK

New business risk management doesn’t make business sense AgriStability support has been cut by nearly 50 per cent and AgriInvest by 33 per cent By Ron Bonnett

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he Growing Forward 2 agricultural policy framework agreement released by federal, provincial and territorial agricultural ministers Sept. 14 is disappointing for Canadian farmers. It is frustrating for the Canadian Federation of Agriculture (CFA) because we were not provided details on the policy outcomes in time to allow for meaningful consultations. While we would like to focus on the positive aspects, it is difficult because the improvements outlined in the agreement will be less effective without the proper safety nets in place. In terms of business risk management (BRM) programs, nearly 50 per cent of funds to AgriStability will be cut. The agreement introduces a new “limited reference margin.” Reference margin limitations put a cap on the amount of income protection a farmer can receive. AgriInvest, currently seen as a good business risk management tool by farmers, will see a reduction in matched contributions by government by 33 per cent.

These changes may result in the consistent need for ad hoc payments, costing the government more in the long term and limiting the level of proactive investments producers can make into the sector. The BRM programming no longer provides a sufficient rainy day fund, and farmers will have to put aside significant funds before having the ability to invest in future advancements. At the end of the day, it is saving the government money, but on its own, it is not creating lasting efficiencies within the farm sector. The programs will no longer be meeting their goal of ensuring economic stability for the industry. The agricultural industry is a key economic driver for our country. We are facing global food supply challenges, and several opportunities exist for Canada to be a leader in this regard. This simply does not make good business sense. Moreover, the government’s commitment to suppor t industr y-led r isk management tool development and implementation is positive, but comes with an important caveat. Any

shift to private insurance will be long term in nature, as the development of viable risk management tools for producers is a long-term process. This requires adequate support for development and analysis. The CFA is pleased to see continued support for supply management, the Minor Use Pesticide Program, the government’s ongoing attention to regulatory modernization, and a commitment to support industry activities targeting food safety, traceability, biosecurity. This framework will guide government policy for the next five years, and the CFA wants to ensure that meaningful consultations with farmers and government take place in the coming months to flesh out details of the new framework and ensure that farmers’ needs are met now and in the future. We encourage governments to work with the CFA and their respective farm organizations. Ron Bonnett is president of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture.

Traceability needs someone in charge The process has too many leaders and too little direction By Will Verboven fbc staff

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Letters

or some time now, there has been a growing sense that the livestock traceability issue has been drifting along without any clear sense of direction or purpose. A recent CCA committee meeting seemed to highlight the need for someone to be in control and make sense of all the various interests that have their own agendas. The meeting saw various reports, presentations, discussions and ruminating over who was, or was not doing something, or nothing about some aspect of traceability. There were talks about creating a company to manage data aspects, there also seem to be various studies into cost/benefit, new tag technology, the impact of electronic manifests and on and on.

We welcome readers’ comments on issues that have been covered in the Manitoba Co-operator. In most cases we cannot accept “open” letters or copies of letters which have been sent to several publications. Letters are subject to editing for length or taste. We suggest a maximum of about 300 words. Please forward letters to Manitoba Co-operator, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, R3H 0H1 or Fax: 204-954-1422 or email: news@fbcpublishing.com (subject: To the editor)

Consultants have been hired for various purposes by different players. Then there remains the neverending suspicion as to what the CFIA and Agriculture and AgriFood Canada really want to do or not do with traceability. Who funds what and why remains a frustrating topic. At last count there seemed to be

more than 10 government departments and their agencies, producer organizations and other advisory groups involved with traceability. And that’s just the cattle sector — never mind what goes on with the sheep and hogs. Producers must be growing leery and weary of this disjointed exercise that seems to have lost its way. All

What might be useful is for all the stakeholders, bureaucrats and industry politicians to create the office of “national traceability dictator” so that we just might have someone in charge to sort out the confusion and politics and get traceability back on some sort of realistic direction.

Zero tolerance for cruelty Will Verboven’s attack on horse protection advocates in the Aug. 30 issue of the Manitoba Co-operator begs the question: Is a campaign considered deceitful when it seeks to expose the truth? Perhaps it’s time for Verboven to shed the defence tactics, quit speculating, and do some real research into the roots of this controversy. It should be made clear that while the “Stop Slaughtering Us” billboard originated in the U.S., it has strong support in Canada. An active campaign to end the slaughter of horses has existed on our soil for over a decade. Cruelty to these beautiful, noble animals is not something that many citizens of Canada or the U.S. are able to tolerate. Perhaps it’s difficult for Verboven

to examine for himself what is so troublesome about the practice of horse slaughter. The very nature of horses is one of the problems, as these animals are impossible to kill humanely in an assembly-line situation such as a slaughterhouse. Undercover video evidence of stunning practices at four separate equine slaughter plants in Canada reveals a horrific account of panicked “flight” animals attempting to flee their tormentors and sustaining multiple stun wounds that cause extreme pain. Footage shows one horse being stunned 11 times (www. defendhorsescanada.org, Investigations, Pasture to Plate). Horses have long been regarded as our companions and working partners, animals with whom humans have enjoyed a close relationship. Would we tolerate such abuse of our beloved dogs and cats? The CFIA cites a “zero tolerance

they are sure of is that in the end they will have to pay the cost. It has become so confusing that what is needed is a road map and guidebook as to the who, what, where and why of livestock traceability. Millions have been spent on this issue if one starts with the implementation of national cattle ID tags more than 10 years ago. What might be useful is for all the stakeholders, bureaucrats and industry politicians to create the office of “national traceability dictator” so that we just might have someone in charge to sort out the confusion and politics and get traceability back on some sort of realistic direction. But don’t hold your breath for common sense to break out soon. After all, if the history of this issue is any indication, such an idea would probably need another study.

for phenylbutazone” in horsemeat, which speaks to the toxicity of the drug. No withdrawal time has been determined for phenylbutazone, the most commonly prescribed veterinary drug in Canada and the U.S. for injuries and inflammatory conditions in horses. The Equine Information Document required by the CFIA invites fraud; undercover photos taken of these documents at a Canadian slaughter plant in 2011 revealed sloppy documentation and missing data. Sellers wishing to off-load their lame horses at auctions frequently use “bute” to mask the symptoms. Somehow, that “zero tolerance” concept begins to sound like a pipe dream. Sinikka Crosland, Executive Director Canadian Horse Defence Coalition Westbank, B.C.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

FROM PAGE ONE CHURCHILL Continued from page 1

years old,” he said. “It has no bearing on contemporary times and it’s hurting Churchill and it’s hurting the province of Manitoba.” Generally ice in the bay

“I was even having trouble sleeping last night, I was so excited about all the things I heard and all the potential there is.” Sinclair Harrison

SUPPORT Continued from page 1

melts 15 days earlier than it used to in the summer and reforms 15 days later in the fall, Barber said. “The general circulation models are predicting that Hudson Bay will eventually go to a system that is ice free year round — there will be a year-round open ocean there,” Barber said. “They are conservative estimates, so we expect this will happen faster.” The high Arctic is already warming faster than models predicted, he added. “We expect (in the next 30 years) it to get warmer quicker in the Arctic than the rest of the planet,” he said. Arctic ice shrunk to a record low of 3.41 million square kil-

ometres this summer, down dramatically from the previous low of 4.17 million square kilometres set in 2007. It’s the most dramatic change in the ice cover in the last 1,500 years and probably last one million years, said Barber. “This is not a surprise to us in the scientific community,” said Barber, who has been studying the Arctic clim a t e s i n c e 1 9 8 1 . “ We’ve known about this for a long time. What’s surprising us is the speed at which it is happening.” Barber predicts the high Arctic will be ice free between 2015 and 2030. allan@fbcpublishing.com

Sinc Harrison, Garry Draper and Arnold Grambo of the Hudson Bay Route Association with David Barber, Canada research chair in Arctic System Sciences at the University of Manitoba. According to Barber the Port of Churchill’s shipping season can be safely extended by a month.   Photo: Churchill Gateway Development Corporation

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very modest administration fee. So you almost have to disincent that in order to incent the other side.” Ritz said farmers have been complaining for years that AgriStability was unpredictable and unbankable. “What we’ve done is moved money from the top end of AgriStability — the potential to spend it, it’s book money not spent money — into innovation, and deficit reduction,” he said. “Farmers are taxpayers too, they want to make sure we’ve got our fiscal house in order.” Saskatchewan agriculture minister Lyle Stewart said he “reluctantly” signed the new five-year Growing Forward 2 agreement cutting farm income support programs, after being “blindsided,” during the negotiation process. “We were blindsided and we’re not very happy about it,” Stewart said in an interview from his combine near Pense, Sask., Sept. 18. Saskatchewan opposed cutting matching government contributions to AgriInvest to one per cent of producers’ allowable net sales from 1.5, as well as reducing the annual cap on the amount governments can contribute to $15,000 from $22,500. “During consultations producers told us they for sure didn’t want us to touch that (AgriInvest) or AgriInsurance unless it was to enhance them,” Stewart said. If it were up to Saskatchewan there wouldn’t be cuts to AgriStability either, he said. The Canadian Federation of Agriculture (CFA) estimates AgriStability funding over the last five years would have been cut in half if the new agreement had been in place. How much less farmers will get in future is hard to predict because payouts are demand-driven. The new AgriStability payout trigger requires a 30 per cent drop in program year margins instead of 15. And payouts will be based on a farmer’s reference margin or allowable expenses, whichever is lower. Stewart added he understands Ottawa’s drive to balance its books. Stewart also said he’s pleased with a 50 per cent increase in spending on innovation to encourage long-term farm profitability. When Canada’s agriculture ministers met in Toronto in July, according to Stewart, British Columbia proposed cuts to all three federal-provincial business risk management programs — AgriStability, AgriInsurance and AgriInvest. “I spoke forcefully against that,” he said. “We went away from there and I thought the thing was dead.” But two or three weeks later during a telephone conference among deputy ministers it was announced all provinces and territories were onside with program cuts except Saskatchewan, Stewart said. “We didn’t know any offline discussions were happening between provinces,” he said. “I guess they wanted to see if they could get a deal before they heard my negative viewpoint on it and eventually they did.” Asked if he thought it odd given federal agriculture minister

“At the end of the day, there were no back room deals.” Gerry Ritz

Gerry Ritz is a Saskatchewan MP a fellow Conservative, Stewart replied: “Well, I thought so to say the least. But I don’t know who the drivers were behind this thing. I haven’t been able to get any information on which provincial ministers were driving this and what involvement that the federal minister had.” Ritz’s office referred queries to a transcript of a CBC Saskatchewan interview with Ritz. “At the end of the day, there were no back-room deals,” Ritz told CBC. “Certainly if Minister Stewart has a concern that he was somehow left out, he should talk to his provincial colleagues, because he was at every meeting I was at.” Farm groups say they were surprised by the changes too. Keystone Agricultural Producers (KAP) president Doug Chorney said farmers shared their views on farm programs with the federal and provincial governments, but were not told what changes might be made. “This is a slap in the face for farmers and farm groups because governments held consultations with us, and I can assure you that virtually no one in primary production would have agreed to this,” he said. C FA s a y s i n g e n e r a l , AgriStability Tier 2, which was cut entirely, represented approximately 30 per cent of total payments over the past five years. Reducing Tier 3 coverage, which accounted for about 60 per cent of total payments, from the 80 per cent compensation rate to 70 per cent would have reduced payments by five to 10 per cent. The new cap on reference margins would have cut payments another 10 per cent. The NFU is concerned the new agreement pushes private sector insurance programs. “We think that this is clearly an indication that the feds are withdrawing from the agriculture file and that they are destroying the institutions that protected farmers as well as programs, whether it is BRM’s, PFRA pastures or tree nurseries, the CWB, CGC (Canadian Grain Commission,” National Farmers Union president Terry Boehm said in an email. Agricultural Producers of Saskatchewan (APAS) proposed phasing out AgriStability and investing in 10 “key areas” such as enhanced crop insurance, livestock insurance, doubling AgriInvest matching contributions and enhancing AgriFlexibility to promote valueadded processing. “ With these changes to AgriStability we end up with the worst of all worlds — stuck with a flawed program while reducing the risk management protection it provides to producers,” APAS president Norm Hall said in a news release. allan@fbcpublishing.com


7

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Swedish farmers diversify operation With fruit and vegetables not paying the bills, this Swedish couple turned to agro-tourism and unusual activities such as golf played with a soccer ball By Alexis Kienlen FBC STAFF / SWEDEN

“I think it is very common in Sweden nowadays, that the farms are too small to live on. A hundred years ago, this was not a problem.”

S

wedish far mers, like Canadian ones, have had to diversify in order to earn more revenue. On Marie Jonsson’s farm that used to mean U-pick strawberries. Now it means things such as paintball and football golf. Jonsson and husband Roger Karttunen turned to agrotourism, even though her farm is 80 kilometres from Stockholm and 50 kilometres from other smaller Swedish cities. The couple, along with Roger’s father and their children, run Morrarro Culture and Entertainment. The farm, first purchased by one of Jonsson’s relatives in 1928, has 150 hectares of land and a 200-hectare lake. It originally produced vegetables and eggs, and was also a popular place for ice fishing. The farmers also maintained forests on the property. In 1950, Jonsson’s grandfather and his four brothers took over the farm. Her grandfather began growing strawberries in the 1960s and sold them at local shops and a farmers’ market. “He was one of the first in this area to have self-picking of strawberries,” Jonsson said. “At

MARIE JONSSON

that time, it was not common at all in Sweden.” But times have changed and so have the economics. “ When my grandfather bought the farm, there were five families who got their income on the farm,” she said. “But nowadays, my husband and I also have full-time work in the city. This farm is too small to sustain us.” Their situation is common, she said. “We rent most of our land out to a bigger farmer, but we have about 20 hectares that we use for the strawberries, sheep and vegetables that we grow by ourselves.” Jonsson’s parents took over the farm in 1965, expanding the strawberry operation to 10 hectares and adding black

currants for jam-making, and sweet corn to the U-pick lineup. However, U-pick operations fell out of fashion at the end of the 1990s. “No one cared about where their strawberries came from at that time,” she said. They eventually stopped growing corn and black currants and scaled back the strawberry operations. “Now we only have two hectares of strawberries,” she said. “But it’s very funny these last few years because the self-picking has begun to rise again. It’s because people want to know where their products come from. They want to show their children where it comes from and they want to make their own jam again.” So strawberry production

Marie Jonsson and her family run an agro-tourism farm which attracts Swedes from the cities PHOTO: ALEXIS KIENLEN

is again expanding and the couple is selling pre-picked raspberries, vegetables and potatoes at the farm and at the Saturday farmers’ market. Everything is produced organically, except for the strawberries, which are sprayed due to insect pressure. A few years ago, the family added 20 Gute sheep, a traditional Swedish meat breed, to their operation. Five years ago, they began offering paintball and football golf, similar to regular golf, except it is played with a soccer ball and people have to kick the ball into the holes.

“Football golf is like minigolf because you have to pass some things, but you have a football to kick. It’s quite a good activity because everybody from children to adults can play,” said Jonsson. It’s also good for the farm, as the football golf and paintball season runs from April to October. “When my father was running the farm, he did more farming and didn’t rent it out, but we like having activities where we can meet people on our farm,” Jonsson said. “The customer contact is very important for us.”

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8

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

SHEEP & GOAT COLUMN

Strong deliveries to goat and sheep auction Wool lambs saw higher demand at this sale By Mark Elliot

September 5, 2012 Ewes

$85.80 - $131.32

$130.50 - $183.04

$43.13 - $67.50

$103.18 - $113.90

110+

$111.87 - $116

$132.21 - $142.50

95 - 110

$84.55 - $123.76

$119.48 - $132.84

80 - 94

$94.40 - $103.04

$99.63 - $108.29

70 - 79

$63.51 - $83.46

$85.20 - $105.64

61 - 67

$73.60 - $80.40

n/a

co-operator contributor

T

Lambs (lbs.)

Under 80

$51.84 - $56.55 51 / 58

$53.55 / $55.10

$68.32 - $82.01 (60 - 69 lbs.)

43 / 48

$45.58 / $47.52

$40 (40 lbs.)

A chicken-lickin’ hawk

This hawk was looking forward to a chicken dinner on a farm near Stuartburn —and it wasn’t budging in the face of a camera. But when the cows came around the corner of the barn, it gave up and flew off.  Photo: Philip Nighswander.

Got mobile? Get Co-Operator. iPhone, Android & Blackberry What’s better than sitting down with a coffee and the latest edition of the Manitoba Co-operator? How about getting the latest breaking ag news on your smartphone with Manitoba Co-operator Mobile. Part of the

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Manitoba Co-operator Mobile is sponsored by

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} Set news subjects relevant to your farm } Set notices on the futures contract prices of your choice } Co-operator version is FREE to Download } Available for Android, iPhone and Blackberry smartphones } Visit agreader.ca/mbc today to download the app or text “mbc” to 393939 to be sent the link. Standard text messaging rates apply.

he strong, cold wind did not prevent the producers from supplying 750 sheep and goats for Winnipeg Livestock Auction Sept. 19. Buyers were ready to bid. Some producers are forgetting the new schedule for the auction, as it has moved to Wednesday. Bidding for ewes was not influenced by breed or type or whether they were sheared. But prices were lower relative to the last sale, ranging from $0.45 to $0.67 per pound. Lower quality ewes attracted less interest. The price range on the rams remained fairly constant as compared to the last sale. The breed selection might have been limited, but the quality appeared good. The price ranged from $0.82 to $1.10 per pound. An exception was a 250pound Rideau-cross ram, which brought $175 ($0.70 per pound). A large, gentle Dorper-cross ram, while entering the arena — took the full attention of the audience. This 210-pound Dorper-cross ram, brought $186.90 ($0.89 per pound). There were two large groups of heavyweight lambs at this sale. The first group of 19 — 113-pound Rideau-cross lambs, brought $111.87 ($0.99 per pound). The other group of 18 — 116-pound Suffolk-cross lambs, brought $116 ($1 per pound). The wool lambs were in more demand than the hair lambs for this sale. The wool lambs, brought a price range of $1.09 to $1.22 per pound, while the hair lambs, brought a price range of $0.89 to $0.91 per pound. The demand for the market lambs was less, compared to the last sale, based upon the bidding. An exception was a 105-pound Barbado-cross lamb, brought $47.25 ($0.45 per pound). Feeder lambs dominated the lamb sales. The price ranged from $0.80 to $1.12 per pound. The lambs that were slightly less in weight than the feeder lambs, continued the constant price range of $0.87 to $1.07 per pound. The lambs, in the 61- to 67-pound weight range, kept this trend. The price ranged from $1.15 to $1.25 per pound. An exception was a group of 15 — 64-pound Katahdin- and Barbado-cross lambs, brought $51.84 ($0.81 per pound). A group of seven 51-pound Dorper-cross lambs, brought $53.55 ($1.05 per pound). Two 58-pound Dorper-cross lambs, brought $55.10 ($0.95 per pound). Six 43-pound Cheviot-cross lambs, brought $45.58 ($1.06 per pound). A group of 70 — 48-pound Dorper-cross and Katadhin-cross lambs, brought $47.52 ($0.99 per pound). There appeared to be equal demand for dairy breed does

as well as the meat does. The Alpine-cross does and the La Mancha cross does represented the dairy selection in this classification, The priced ranged from $0.65 to $1.03 per pound. The lighter weight Boer-cross does brought a price range from $0.71 to $1.21 per pound. The heavier weight (160 to 168 pound) Boer-cross does, brought a price range of $0.54 to $0.64 per pound. A 70-pound Pygmy-cross doe, brought $57 ($0.81 per pound). The selection of bucks was represented by dairy and meat breeds. The Alpine-cross bucks brought a price range from $1.67 to $1.03 per pound. The Nubiancross bucks, brought a price range from $1.26 to $1.56 per pound — following similar trend as the Alpine bucks in weight. The Boer-cross bucks, continued this price trend, as the lighter weight bucks receiving the higher rate compared to the heavier bucks. The price ranged from $1.67 to $1.23 per pound. An exception was a 210-pound Boer-cross buck, which brought $295 ($1.41 per pound) that was purchased for future herd improvement. The 65-pound Pygmy-cross buck, brought $87.50 ($1.35 per pound). The excitement increased with the bidding for the Alpinecross doelings, as there was high demand for the dairy breed at this sale. The price ranged from $1 to $1.60 per pound, for the Alpine-cross doelings. The 70-pound Boercross doeling, brought $103 ($1.47 per pound). Five — 76 pound Boer-cross (kids) goats, brought $114 ($1.50 per pound). The group of eight — 60-pound Boer-cross kids, brought $80 ($1.33 per pound). The group of 64-pound Boercross kids (mixed group), brought $90 ($1.41 per pound). The quality of the goat kids in the 50-plus pound range generated active bidding. The dairy and the meat goats were similar in the price range from $1.27 to $1.47 per pound. An exception was a group of 13 — 55 pound La Mancha-, Alpine-, and Nubian-cross goat kids, which brought $84 ($1.53 per pound). Goat kids in the weight range of 43 to 46 pounds, brought a price range from $1.26 to $1.63 per pound. Seven — 39 pound Boer-cross kids, brought $55 ($1.41 per pound). The 30-pound Boercross kid, brought $35.00 ($1.17 per pound). The Ontario Stockyard Report stated the sheep sold steady but the lighter lambs had some difficulties remaining at the last sale prices. The goats have remained strong and constant through the numerous sales. Due to the high and increasing feed costs, numerous farmers are reducing their herds at this time. Thus, the market is overwhelmed by the numbers.


9

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

New Food Processing Centre needs more would-be entrepreneurs Winners of the Oct. 11 contest will earn cash for further product development By Lorraine Stevenson co-operator staff

S

wan River’s new Food Processing Centre is ready to help would-be entrepreneurs cook up a little market success. And its backers are hoping to draw them out with a chance to win $1,000 in the new Parkland Food Challenge. “We’re hoping that people with food ideas will see this as an opportunity to test the market and work through the steps that they need to take to bring a food to market,” said Trevor Barkman, business development specialist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives. The provincially licensed and inspected kitchen opened in

April in the Veterans Community Hall. The facility has commercial-grade equipment and can be rented for those wanting to test or scale-up home recipes and pursue other food product ideas. In addition to small-scale product testing, the facility is also fully equipped for large-batch food production, and was used extensively when Swan River hosted 1,800 athletes during the Manitoba Summer Games. The food challenge, to be held at a special farmers’ market day on Oct. 11 in Swan River, is a good way to get started, said community hall board member Elva Iwanchuk. “We think this is a fantastic opportunity for some local food producers to get some really

great exposure in the community,” she said. Two cash prizes — a $700 judges’ prize and a $300 people’s choice award — can be put toward product development. Using the “rent-a-kitchen” concept to make food-processing facilities more widely available has been talked about for several years and Agriculture Minister Ron Kostyshyn has said others will be considered if the Swan River “pilot project” is successful. The facility rents for $150 a day but reduced rates are being offered this month. More information is available at http:// foodprocessingcentre.ca or by calling (204) 734-2285. lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

The new FPC at Swan River was opened in April. The site is a fully equipped provincially licensed kitchen available to rent on an as-need basis. photo: lorraine stevenson

WHAT’S UP Please forward your agricultural events to daveb@fbcpublish ing.com or call 204-944-5762.

THE

CANOLA

Sept. 28-30: Manitoba Honey Show, Forks Market, Winnipeg. For more info visit www.beekeepingmanitoba.comn or call 204-4675246. Sept. 29: ATV health and safety awareness session for farm workers, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., Keystone Kat, 250 Sixth St. NE, Altona. For more info or to register contact Jacquie Cherewayko by Sept. 21 at 204324-2804.

PROFITABILITY CHALLENGE Put it in terms your accountant can appreciate:

Sept. 29: Woodlot Association of Manitoba fall field day, 9:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., de Graaf Woodlot, 106 Dunning Rd., Narol. For more info call Irene de Graaf at 204-661-2068 or Allan Webb at 204-467-8648.

Use Clearfield® and see how your profits may increase by

Sept. 29-30: Manitoba Plowing Association provincial match, two miles west of Kemnay, 1.5 miles north of Highway 1. For more info email mb.plowing@hotmail.ca or call 204-534-6451.

25

$

Oct. 4-6: Canadian Plowing Championships, two miles west of Kemnay, 1.5 miles north of Highway 1. For more info email mb.plowing@hotmail.ca or call 204-534-6451.

PER ACRE

Find out how yours add up at clearfield.ca/canola

Oct. 17-18: Canadian Swine Health Forum, location TBA, Winnipeg. For more info visit www.swinehealth.ca. Oct. 23-24: International Wolf and Carnivore Conference, Riverlodge Place, Thompson. For more info visit www.thompsonspiritway.ca. Oct. 30: Harvest Gala fundraiser benefiting Red River Exhibition Association scholarships and Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame, Viscount Gort Hotel, 1670 Portage Ave., Winnipeg. For tickets call 204888-6990.

We’re not asking you to switch everything. But you do owe it to yourself to use the Clearfield Production System on some of your canola acres. In fact, we challenge you to compare it to your current system side-by-side. Because Clearfield may outperform what you’re using now in terms of profitability – by $25 more per acre according to field trials. With that in mind, this may not be much of a challenge for us at all.

Oct. 30: Manitoba Turkey Producers semi-annual meeting, Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204489-4635. Nov. 2-3: Organic Connections conference and trade show, Conexus Arts Centre, 200 Lakeshore Dr., Regina. For more info call 306-5438732 or email info@organicco nnections.ca.

The Profitability Calculator is a tool that automates calculations of values and is precise only to the extent of accuracy of all inputted values. Yield data is based on mid and long season testing only. Values shown are an example only. Values of inputs such as the costs of seed and crop protection products (including application rates and frequency) will vary over time, location and crop conditions. This tool may be unable to reflect the details of every user’s experience and in such cases the resulting calculation may be invalid as a comparison of profitability for any particular individual.

Always read and follow label directions. Clearfield, and the unique Clearfield symbol are registered trade-marks of BASF Agrochemical Products B.V.; all used with permission by BASF Canada Inc. © 2012 BASF Canada Inc.

110200659_CLC_MC_AG_JrPg_v1.indd 1

Client: BASFCAN

12-09-05 1:14 PM

Publication: Manitoba Co-op

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.

.

Jeannette


10

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

LIVESTOCK MARKETS Cattle Prices Winnipeg

September 21, 2012

Buyers bring strong prices for year’s first calf run

Steers & Heifers — D1, 2 Cows 70.00 - 77.00 D3 Cows 65.00 - 72.00 Bulls 82.00 - 90.00 Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) 110.00 - 131.50 (801-900 lbs.) 125.00 - 142.00 (701-800 lbs.) 130.00 - 144.50 (601-700 lbs.) 135.00 - 151.00 (501-600 lbs.) 140.00 - 162.00 (401-500 lbs.) 150.00 - 175.00 Heifers (901+ lbs.) 110.00 - 119.00 (801-900 lbs.) 115.00 - 126.00 (701-800 lbs.) 120.00 - 132.00 (601-700 lbs.) 125.00 - 137.00 (501-600 lbs.) 126.00 - 145.00 (401-500 lbs.) 130.00 - 152.00

Heifers

Alberta South $ 110.00 - 110.25 105.00 - 110.25 66.00 - 80.00 60.00 - 75.00

($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)

$ 120.00 - 132.00 128.00 - 140.00 134.00 - 145.00 140.00 - 155.00 150.00 - 167.00 160.00 - 180.00 $ 114.00 - 125.00 119.00 - 130.00 123.00 - 134.00 126.00 - 140.00 132.00 - 146.00 145.00 - 165.00

Futures (September 21, 2012) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close Change October 2012 125.75 -1.80 December 2012 128.15 -2.20 February 2013 131.85 -1.00 April 2013 135.60 -0.67 June 2013 132.12 -0.30 August 2013 132.40 -0.35 Cattle Slaughter

Feeder Cattle September 2012 October 2012 November 2012 January 2013 March 2013 April 2013

A ground beef recall puts pressure on slaughter values Terryn Shiells CNSC

Ontario $ 91.73 - 118.82 96.52 - 112.80 51.19 - 69.90 51.19 - 69.90 71.92 - 85.95 $ 126.55 - 142.90 135.50 - 147.59 134.12 - 152.31 134.74 - 162.94 130.97 - 177.90 147.29 - 192.60 $ 114.19 - 126.88 123.89 - 136.85 126.02 - 141.87 125.67 - 147.71 118.33 - 156.16 138.29 - 167.04

(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)

Close 144.12 146.72 147.80 150.20 152.75 153.80

Change -0.88 -0.30 -0.85 -0.37 -0.35 -0.55

Cattle Grades (Canada)

Week Ending Previous September 15, 2012 Year­ Canada 50,023 59,646 East 12,427 15,326 West 37,596 44,320 Manitoba NA NA U.S. 647,000 659,000

Week Ending September 15, 2012 313 22,980 18,658 1,140 1,583 4,366 436

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 316 22,234 22,122 1,598 898 7,813 718

Hog Prices Source: Manitoba Agriculture

(Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg) MB. ($/hog) MB. (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB. (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) P.Q. (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

$1 Cdn: $ 1.025 U.S. $1 U.S: $0.9754 Cdn.

COLUMN

(Friday to Thursday) Slaughter Cattle

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: september 21, 2012

Current Week 136.00E 125.00 E 120.07 123.24

Futures (September 21, 2012) in U.S. Hogs October 2012 December 2012 February 2013 April 2013 May 2013

Last Week 138.84 127.44 122.86 130.84

Close 74.85 74.20 80.80 86.85 95.10

Last Year (Index 100) 175.13 161.35 164.45 163.38

Change 1.30 1.83 2.85 1.75 0.60

T

he fall calf run was just starting to pick up speed at cattle auction yards across Manitoba during the week ended Sept.

21. Some participants, however, were expecting producers would start sending more calves to market earlier this year. “The fall run hasn’t started quite as quickly as everybody thought. Being as dry as it is we figured the calves might have come a little sooner than this but they’re going to come, it just might be a little behind,” said Robin Hill, manager of Heartland Livestock Services at Virden. Calf prices were very strong during the week, as good volume was supportive, he said. Demand was also firm, as buyers were eager to come out for the first calf run of the year. “We had about 560 new-crop calves and they were very aggressively traded,” Hill said. “The prices were higher than they were a year ago.” Hill is happy to be able to tell farmers that prices are strong right now, but recommended they take advantage of the high prices as soon as possible. “It looks to me that if you have heavy calves they should be marketed shortly,” he said. “I’m no expert about what’s going on with the market, but, my indication would tell me that this market is higher today than it will be a month down the road.” Hill said the market could start to head lower if the cattle industry starts to feel the impact of high feed prices. Drought conditions in the U.S. that damaged many crops there are responsible for the high cost of feed this summer. The Canadian hog industry has already felt the impact of those feed prices, as two large hog producers filed for financial help in mid-September. However, he said he could be wrong about prices being lower in a month and hopes he is, for the sake of Manitoba’s cattle producers. Prices for yearling cattle in Manitoba

“…this market is higher today than it will be a month down the road.” robin hill

of Heartland Livestock at Virden, though he hopes he’s wrong

remained steady during the week, and at some yards volume was lighter than expected. At the sale in Virden, there were fewer yearling cattle on offer than there had been at the three sales prior, which prevented prices from moving higher, Hill said. Reported total volume, however, was fairly steady compared to the previous week at most of Manitoba’s cattle auction yards. Much of the demand for Manitoba’s feeder cattle came from the west during the week, while some cattle went east as well, said Hill. Some fancy calves sold at Heartland’s Virden sale went east, and yearlings went both east and west, he said. Local demand was not evident during the week. “There hasn’t been a bunch of local interest yet this fall because it’s a little early for that,” Hill said. Prices on the slaughter market in Manitoba took a nosedive during the week. A major recall of ground beef products in Canada during the week put some downward pressure on prices, Hill said. Canadians were warned that ground beef products sold between late August and midSeptember at multiple retailers could be contaminated with E. coli, but there were no reports of any illness caused by the beef. This week the slaughter prices were down, Hill said, but added he doesn’t know what could happen next week. Numbers on the slaughter market were starting to drop off as well, as seasonal demand slowed with the summer and barbecue season coming to an end. September 22 marked the first official day of fall. Terryn Shiells writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Other Market Prices news

Sheep and Lambs $/cwt Ewes Lambs (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)

Winnipeg — No report rec’d for Sept. 19 Next sale is Oct. 3

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of May 23, 2010 Under 1.2 kg................................... $1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg.................................... $1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg.................................... $1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg...................................... $1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of September 16, 2012 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.975 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.965 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $2.065 Undergrade .............................. $1.965 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................... $2.025 Undergrade............................... $1.940 Prices are quoted f.o.b. farm.

Toronto 72.27 - 106.40 115.93 - 126.63 120.98 - 134.83 123.76 - 142.49 128.57 - 193.28 —

SunGold Specialty Meats 40.00 - 60.00

Eggs Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective June 12, 2011. New Previous A Extra Large $1.8500 $1.8200 A Large 1.8500 1.8200 A Medium 1.6700 1.6400 A Small 1.2500 1.2200 A Pee Wee 0.3675 0.3675 Nest Run 24 + 1.7490 1.7210 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Goats Kids Billys Mature

Winnipeg ($/cwt) — — —

Toronto ($/cwt) 139.07 - 221.36 — 79.65 - 194.11

Horses <1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —

Toronto ($/cwt) 17.70 - 37.52 31.76 - 44.11

No sign of livestock sector crisis -EU farm chief But some countries say high feed are a threat brussels / reuters

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he European Union’s top farm official has dismissed talk of a crisis in the bloc’s livestock sector, despite warnings from some EU countries that high feed prices could force farmers out of business. Global grain prices remain high after they hit record peaks in July, driven by the worst drought in the U.S. Midwest for 50 years. Farm ministers from Italy, Greece, Portugal and Hungary warned European officials Sept. 24 that high prices could lead

to a shortage of animal feed, forcing farmers to reduce the size of their herds or sell them. Greece said the threat was particularly acute for intensive pig and poultry farmers, and urged the European Commission to provide emergency support. But EU Agriculture Commissioner Dacian Ciolos, who oversees the bloc’s farm policies, said European producers were able to cope with the rise in feed prices. “The meat and dairy sectors as a whole are not in crisis in the European Union,” he said. With this year’s EU grain harvest forecast at about 280 million tonnes — two per cent below the five year average — Ciolos said there was no physical shortage of cereals. The EU has also suspended its import duties on feed wheat. Duties for corn and barley imports are also currently at zero.

Looking for results?  Check out the market reports from livestock auctions around the province. » PaGe 48


11

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETS Export and International Prices

column

Last Week

All prices close of business September 20, 2012

Canola futures slip as speculators head for exits South America’s harvests are the elephant in the room Phil Franz-Warkentin CNSC

C

ontract highs set in canola the previous week were a distant memory by the time the dust settled at the close of trade on Sept. 21, as the futures prices at ICE Futures Canada dropped sharply to lose over five per cent of their value over the course of five days. Speculative long liquidation, spurred o n i n p a r t by g l o b a l e c o n o m i c w o rries, was one reason for the downturn. The advancing U.S. soybean harvest was another bearish price influence weighing on Canadian values. However, just how far canola needs to correct lower remains to be seen — especially as traders continue to talk up ideas that the crop may not be

For three-times-daily market reports from Commodity News Service Canada, visit “ICE Futures Canada updates” at www.manitobacooperator.ca.

large enough to meet the demand. Many are now of the opinion that the 15.4 million tonnes forecast by Statistics Canada at the end of August is way too optimistic, with actual production possibly below 14 million tonnes. If supplies are a million tonnes smaller than early expectations, that’s a million tonnes of demand that will need to be rationed away. In the U.S., prices dropped across the board, with the largest declines in soybeans. The advancing U.S. har vest accounted for some of the fundamental weakness in the futures, but the biggest impact came from the outside financial markets. Soft economic data out of China and renewed concerns elsewhere in the world triggered a round of speculative long liquidation in grains and oilseeds. Fund traders were holding exceptionally large

long positions in soybeans, upon which they were starting to lose money — which caused them to bail out on those positions. However, while canola remained pointed down on Friday, soybeans, corn, and wheat all managed to close on the week on a little firmer footing. The losses over the course of the week were said to have finally uncovered some fresh end-user business for the U.S. grains and oilseeds. Wheat was the farthest off its weekly lows by Friday, as ongoing concerns over wheat production in other parts of the world provided support. There were also rumblings out of Russia that it may implement measures to limit wheat exports this fall. If that were to happen, it would open the door for more U.S. business in the international market. U.S. farmers in the southern Plains are also in the process of seeding next year’s winter wheat crop, and dryness issues down there could limit acres in some cases. With the North American harvest nearing completion over the next few weeks, attention in the grain and oilseed markets will also be turning to planting progress in another part of the world: South America. The continent is the big elephant in the room these days. Canada might have a smaller canola crop than original expectations and the U.S. soybean crop might have been hurt by this year’s drought — but if Brazil and Argentina come through with large soybean crops, any supply tightness in the oilseed market will quickly be taken care of. The pricing signals these days certainly should encourage farmers in the region to increase acres as much as possible. However, it is also still very early as far as South America is concerned, which means anything can still happen. After growing about 65 million tonnes of soybeans last year, early talk out of Brazil is that production could top 82 million tonnes this year, according to some industry forecasts. Planting intentions are also up by eight per cent. Argentina could also have 16 million more tonnes of soybeans in the upcoming year, according to some early forecasts calling for a 56 million-tonne crop in the country. Other smaller growers, including Paraguay, Uruguay and even Bolivia, are also looking to grow more beans this year. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Week Ago

Year Ago

Wheat

Chicago wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

323.13

322.94

232.84

Minneapolis wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

345.54

345.17

301.27

Coarse Grains US corn Gulf ($US)

US barley (PNW) ($US)

Chicago corn (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

293.70

305.81

255.91

Chicago oats (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

242.02

249.48

218.52

Oilseeds Chicago soybeans (nearby future) ($US/tonne) Chicago soyoil ($US/tonne)

594.73

640.56

471.37

1,204.59

1,244.94

1,183.64

Winnipeg Futures ICE Futures Canada prices at close of business September 21, 2012 Western barley

Last Week

Week Ago

October 2012

250.30

250.30

December 2012

255.30

255.30

March 2013

258.30

258.30

Last Week

Week Ago

November 2012

612.90

651.60

January 2013

616.20

655.10

March 2013

615.70

655.60

Canola

Special Crops Report for September 24, 2012 — Bin run delivered plant Saskatchewan Spot Market

Spot Market

Lentils (Cdn. cents per pound)

Other (Cdn. cents per pound unless otherwise specified)

Large Green 15/64

21.00 - 25.00

Canaryseed

Laird No. 1

20.00 - 25.00

Oil Sunflower Seed

Eston No. 2

20.00 - 22.75

Desi Chickpeas

21.00 - 25.00 — 25.50 - 31.75

Field Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

Beans (Cdn. cents per pound)

Green No. 1

Fababeans, large

Medium Yellow No. 1

10.50 - 11.00

Feed beans

Feed Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

8.25 - 8.75

No. 1 Navy/Pea Beans

Feed Pea (Rail)

No. 1 Great Northern

4.80 - 5.00

Mustardseed (Cdn. cents per pound)

No. 1 Cranberry Beans

Yellow No. 1

35.75 - 36.75

No. 1 Light Red Kidney

Brown No. 1

30.75 - 31.75

No. 1 Dark Red Kidney

Oriental No. 1

23.50 - 24.75

No. 1 Black Beans

No. 1 Pinto Beans

Source: Stat Publishing SUNFLOWERS

No. 1 Small Red

No. 1 Pink

Fargo, ND

Goodlands, KS

27.40

27.70

Report for September 21, 2012 in US$ cwt NuSun (oilseed) Confection Source: National Sunflower Association

ICE will not pause on market report days The decision makes it unlikely other exchanges will either By Christine Stebbins chicago

I

ntercontinentalExchange, the second largest U.S. futures exchange operator, said Sept. 19 it was not planning to pause grain trading when the government changes its release time for top monthly crop reports starting in January. The position makes it less likely that the world’s biggest grain market, the CME Group’s Chicago Board of Trade, will agree to grain industry requests to provide

the pause during the monthly reports, especially the benchm a rk Wo r l d A g r i c u l t u ra l Supply  and  Demand Estimates, or WASDE. “Our aim, based on customer feedback, is simply to level the playing field. During a trading ‘pause,’ trading will still take place — but it will only be in the OTC markets,” said ICE spokeswoman Brookly McLaughlin, referring to the over-the-counter cash markets. “A t r a n s p a r e n t , r e g u lated futures market provides a level playing field for

those who wish to trade and an additional data point for those who prefer to wait,” she added. The U.S. Department o f A g r i c u l t u r e’s r e c e n t announcement that it was changing the release time of its major grain reports to 11 a.m. CT from 7:30 a.m. renewed a call by the U.S. grain industry to release crop data when futures markets are not open. Big traders, including grain giant Cargill Inc., have complained that government release of the huge cache of monthly statistics

was disruptive to markets, causing unnecessary volatility. The WASDE report is the most widely followed monthly measuring stick for U.S. and world grain, oilseed and cotton trading. For decades, when the Chicago grain markets were open only for “day” session (9:30 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. CT), traders could digest the dozens of report tables for two hours before making or adjusting their bets. With trading now live on screens for 21 of 24 hours on weekdays, that window of analysis is closed. The National Grain and

Feed Association, the largest U.S. grain trade group, had asked all exchanges to “pause” both electronic and openoutcry derivatives trading on USDA report days “to provide equal access to the data to all market participants and to allow time for the market to rationally analyze the information once it is issued.” The Minneapolis Grain Exchange said on Friday it did not plan to pause its trading session when USDA reports were released. The Kansas Board of Trade had no comment.


12

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Swedish and Canadian sheep producers share more than the cold Innovative producers lamb in January and market in spring — a move that first shocked and then enthralled Swedish consumers By Alexis Kienlen FBC STAFF / SODERMANLAND, SWEDEN

T

hey don’t have to worry about coyotes, but Canadian and Swedish sheep farmers face many of the same issues. Consumer demand is high, but both sectors face challenges in growing. “Until the ’90s, it was pretty lousy sheep farming here,” said Kaj Sjunnesson, who with wife Ann has 600 ewes and produce lamb year round at their farm in Sodermanland. “It’s a small sheep country with 250,000 to 300,000 ewes and not a big tradition of sheep and lamb production.” The couple collaborates with four other farmers within 100 kilometres of each other to sell

on contract to a wholesaler in Stockholm, who sells their products to Stockholm restaurants. The group also works together to raise sheep dogs, although they’re herding animals as predation is not a major problem in Sweden and most farmers do not have guard dogs. Wolves take a few lambs, but it is not an issue, Sjunnesson told a visiting group of agricultural journalists. Although Swedes only consume a meagre two kilograms of lamb per year, demand is strong. “Out of 10 lambs consumed i n Swe d e n , a b o u t s i x a re imported — we’re not at all selfsufficient,” he said. Uruguay, Ireland and New

Zealand are the leading suppliers, but quality varies wildly. “You can get very cheap lamb and you can get very expensive,” Sjunnesson said. “Importers usually pick the cheapest and poor quality.” In the 1980s, the trend in Sweden was to slaughter lambs in August to October and freeze them. Sjunnesson’s group wanted to change this pattern and sell fresh lamb in the spring — a strategy hatched when a group of rams accidentally got out in August 1984, and ewes lambed in January. That accident inspired them to mate their ewes in August, lambing in January and selling ewes in March and April. See SHEEP on next page »

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Kaj Sjunnesson, Swedish farmer with some of his sheep at his farm. PHOTO: ALEXIS KIENLEN

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BRIEFS

Mexican growers want new tomato pact WASHINGTON / REUTERS / Mexican tomato growers are asking Washington to renegotiate a 16-year-old tomato trade agreement, rather than give into election-year pressure from Florida producers to tear up the pact. Florida tomato growers complain the agreement is outdated and fails to protect them against Mexican tomatoes sold below the cost of production. Tearing up the agreement would allow Florida producers to file an antidumping complaint. Mexico has a 71 per cent share of America’s greenhouse tomato imports.

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Drought hammers Russia’s grain harvest MOSCOW / REUTERS / Drought-hit Russian grain quality has fallen sharply, with yields down 27 per cent from last year to 1.89 tonnes per hectare. Russia had completed 65 per cent of its harvest campaign as of early last week, reaping 55 million tonnes of grains, including 33 million tonnes of wheat and 12 million tonnes of barley. Wheat yields are coming in at 1.95 tonnes per hectare so far, versus 2.87 tonnes last year. Russian officials are still promising not to limit grain export, yet industry experts believe they could occur as soon as October and major importers are lining up to buy its wheat now. Russia barred grain exports for almost a year in August 2010 after a severe drought.

BayerCropScience.ca/InVigor or 1 888-283-6847 or contact your Bayer CropScience representative. Always read and follow label directions. InVigor® is a registered trademark of the Bayer Group. Bayer CropScience is a member of CropLife Canada.


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13

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

SHEEP Continued from previous page

“There was a big riot in Sweden when we started it because people didn’t think it was natural and that ewes should lamb on grass,” said Sjunnesson. “We didn’t give a damn and kept on going.” Sjunnesson has two systems for raising lambs. He lambs some ewes in January and another 300 in April. This system allows for the slowdown in lamb consumption in Stockholm in the summer months, and gives the producers a break from production. Sjunnesson’s sheep are Finn/Dorset-crosses or Suffolk-bred with Dorset or Texel rams. The ewes are culled after five lambings and 25 per cent of the flock is replaced each year. Sheep are housed indoors from the first of November until the end of April or beginning of May. The first group is housed outdoors and the second group mainly on grass. “We have to have good housing, and good techniques for feeding all the animals inside,” he said. The winter ewes are split into groups of 80, synchro-

“Out of 10 lambs consumed in Sweden, about six are imported. We’re not at all self-sufficient.” KAJ SJUNNESSON

nized using hormonal sponges, and mated each Wednesday in August. Ewes are shorn in the first week of November, given pregnancy scans and divided into groups of singles, twins or triplets. Ewes start lambing in January in an old dairy shed as temperatures can dip to -20 C during the cold months. The cold can be advantageous, as it reduces potential pathogens and flies. Diseases don’t seem to be a major problem, due to the climate and small flocks, said Sjunnesson. “ T h e i n d o o r l a m b s a re healthier than the ones on grass,” he said. Tail docking is not allowed in Sweden because of animal welfare regulations. After two or three days, one

group of ewes and lambs will go out of the lambing shed to be followed by the next group. “The problem with housing a lot of sheep for a long time is that you have to do the feeding in a proper way,” said Sjunnesson. He uses conveyor belts purchased in France to feed sheep good silage in the morning and afternoon. He also feeds whole grain barley and supplements with minerals. “These lambs demand a lot of protein so we feed a very good pellet with a lot of protein in it and top it up with a bit of soymeal and mix it up with a bit of feed that the ewes get,” he said. “It’s a bit of a handicraft to feed lambs like this.” Lambs are weighed every

Kaj and his conveyor belt, used to feed indoor sheep.

two weeks, and winter lambs from all four farms are brought to slaughter each week in March and the meat is for sale in Stockholm that same week. Lambs generally fetch about $120 each.

PHOTO: ALEXIS KIENLEN

“Lambs are born in January and should be on the menu the first of March until the first week of May,” Sjunnesson said. Lambs born in mid-April are usually slaughtered in midAugust.

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New CWB takes first grain deliveries Pooling still interests producers

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L156H

T:10”

O-66-09/12-BCS12255-E

B:10”

S:10”

armers have begun delivering grain to the new, voluntary CWB. Producers have been asking a lot of questions about how the revamped organization (now known just by the initials of its former name) will work, said Gord Flaten, CWB’s vicepresident of grain procurement. “But the bottom line is that farmers are still very interested, particularly in pooled contracts,” said Flaten. Grain-handling agreements with all Prairie elevators mean farmers can be assured of delivery opportunity throughout the year, he said. However, sheer volumes means not all grain can be handled and moved right after harvest. “Most farmers realize they’ve never been able to deliver all their grain right off the combine, regardless of what the marketing environment was,” he said. Farmers will see changes in the delivery process now that the former Canadian Wheat Board’s per mit books and delivery calls have been eliminated, with greater flexibility as far as which grain handler they want to deal with. “There’s no such thing as CWB contract calls anymore,” said Flaten. “If they can find a handling company that is willing to take delivery on a schedule that works for them, they are totally free to go and negotiate that.” The CWB’s Early Delivery Pool is set to close on Sept. 28, but may close earlier due to limited capacity. Interested farmers are urged not to delay if they want guaranteed delivery by Jan. 31.


14

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

WEATHER VANE

Mobile? Take Manitoba Co-operator with you on your smartphone! Download the free app at agreader.ca/mbc

HOR SE S RU N FA ST BE FOR E A V IOL E N T ST OR M OR BE FOR E W I N DY CON DI T IONS.

A temporary shift in the weather pattern Issued: Monday, September 24, 2012 · Covering: September 26 – October 3, 2012 Daniel Bezte Co-operator contributor

I

hate to toot my own horn since I’m only just interpreting weather models, but for most regions, last week’s forecast was pretty much bang on. Some locations even reported some flakes of snow! Well, for this forecast period it looks as if the weather models are all in agreement and we should see some really nice fall weather — at least to start. The ridge of high pressure that brought summerlike conditions to Western Canada last week is forecast to move eastward during this week and slowly weaken. This means we’ll see mainly sunny skies, with daytime highs in the 18 to 22 C range and overnight lows in the 2 to 5 C range. Winds for the most part should be fairly light, with high pressure directly over us. The weekend should see high pressure remaining in charge with plenty of sunshine and highs still expected to be near the 20 C mark. The weather

models then show a weak system moving through northern Manitoba on Sunday. While this system doesn’t look like it will affect southern or central regions directly, it will usher in cool conditions by Monday as a cold front sags southward behind the low. These cool conditions look as if they’ll last right through the week as a broad upper trough of low pressure develops over central North America. High temperatures by Wednesday look like they will struggle to make it into the teens. Overnight lows, depending on cloud cover, will likely be near or just below 0 C. The models also show an area of low pressure developing to our southwest next week, but so far they keep any precipitation from this system to our south. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, 9 to 21 C; lows, -1 to 8 C.

WEATHER MAP - WESTERN CANADA

1 Month (30 Days) Accumulated Precipitation (Prairie Region) August 22, 2012 to September 20, 2012

0 mm 0 - 5 mm 5 - 10 mm 10 - 15 mm 15 - 20 mm 20 - 25 mm 25 - 30 mm 30 - 40 mm 40 - 50 mm 50 - 60 mm 60 - 70 mm 70 - 80 mm 80 - 90 mm 90 - 100 mm 100 - 125 mm 125 - 150 mm 150 - 200 mm > 200 mm Extent of Agricultural Land Lakes and Rivers

Produced using near real-time data that has undergone initial quality control. The map may not be accurate for all regions due to data availability and data errors.

Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at daniel@bezte.ca.

Copyright © 2012 Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada Prepared by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s National Agroclimate Information Service (NAIS). Data provided through partnership with Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and many Provincial agencies.

Created: 09/21/12 www.agr.gc.ca/drought

This issue’s map shows the total amount of precipitation that has fallen across the Prairies in the 30-day period ending Sept. 20. Most areas have been fairly dry, with a large portion of the Prairies seeing fewer than 15 millimetres of rain.

Arctic ice reaches record minimum The melting of summer Arctic ice cover has gone beyond the worst-case scenario in climate models By Daniel Bezte CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR

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e can’t really call it the “perfect storm” of events, but we did see a set of weather events come together last weekend that brought record-breaking overnight lows to a large portion of southern and central Manitoba last Sunday morning. It all started with a large upper-level trough of low pressure that strengthened and stalled out over Hudson Bay. This trough extended well to the south of Hudson Bay and placed our region under a strong north to northwesterly flow. This allowed plenty of cold air to be pushed southward, especially in the upper atmosphere. For much of last week we were close enough to the trough to feel the impact of the smaller areas of low pressure that were forming and moving around the trough. These lows brought the clouds and wind that affected most regions for most of last week. While these lows kept us fairly cloudy and cool during the day, the clouds and wind helped to keep nighttime temperatures on the mild side. This all changed on the weekend. The Hudson Bay low pressure trough weakened and started to drift eastward. This allowed the ridge of high pressure that had been sitting over

TABLE 1: MANITOBA’S BROKEN RECORDS Location

New record

Previous record

TABLE 2: THE HEAT WE MAKE Previous Records record year began in…

* Berens River

-5.2

-4.9

2001

1905

* Brandon

-6.7

-6.7(tie)

1976

1890

Fisher Branch

-8.5

-5.5

2001

1977

Gretna

-6.3

-2.8

1995

1955

Pilot Mound

-5.0

-5.2

1976

1938

Pinawa

-4.3

-2.5

1989

1964

Sprague

-6.9

-6.0

1989

1915

Winnipeg

-7.1

-6.1

1879

1872

* Recorded at airport

Western Canada for much of last week to begin sliding eastward. This ridge brought clearing skies on Saturday along with fairly dry air. With cold air already in place in the upper atmosphere, we now had the perfect conditions for radiation cooling to take place. Surface conditions were dry, as very little rain fell during the previous week; the air was dry, winds were light, and there was no warm air in the upper levels of the atmosphere to radiate heat back down toward the ground. So, once the sun went down, the surface lost heat rapidly and temperatures plunged. By the time Sunday morning rolled around temperatures in a number of places had dropped into the -6 to -8 C range. Table 1 lists the records that were bro-

ken, according to Environment Canada. In other weather news, it appears Arctic sea ice reached its minimum extent last week and is now beginning its fall and winter growth period. On Sept. 16, sea ice extent bottomed out at a record low 3.41 million square kilometres. This beat the previous record set in 2007 by an incredible 18 per cent. What makes this year’s low even more remarkable is that this year was a cloudier and cooler year in the Arctic compared to 2007. If we compare this year’s low ice extent to that of the 1979-2000 average we find that the minimum ice cover has dropped by nearly 50 per cent and both Arctic passages were open once again this year. This makes it five years

Earth’s total heat budget

100%

Incoming energy from sun

99.966%

Geothermal energy (heat produced by the Earth, via volcanoes, etc.)

0.025%

Tidal energy (interaction between Earth’s gravity, sun’s and moon’s)

0.002%

Waste heat from burning fuel (coal, oil, natural gas, wood, propane, etc.)

0.007%

in a row and the fifth time in recorded history that they have both been open. A 2011 study released by Kinnard et al showed, using proxy data, that the melting we’ve seen in the Arctic over the last couple of decades has not been seen in at least the last 1,450 years. The rapid melting of the summer Arctic ice cover is now far in excess of the worst-case scenarios depicted by any of the climate models. In a final note this week, I received an email a couple of weeks ago about the impact of humans on the Earth’s temperature. The way the question was worded made me explain what is going on in a different way than I usually do and I think it might help everyone understand what is going on if I share this viewpoint with you. The question was about how much heat humans and their activities create — and what impact does this have on glo-

bal temperatures, and thus on global warming? When we look at how much heat is being generated by all the human-based heat sources we soon discover it is a very small amount compared to the overall heat budget of the Earth. Table 2 looks at the Earth’s heat budget in a way that should help put things into perspective. From this it is fairly apparent that heat being produced by humans has no real impact on the Earth’s temperature; all our heat pretty much comes from the sun. You can now see why any changes to the Earth that have an impact on the energy coming in from the sun create such a concern. The human impact on global warming has nothing directly to do with the heat we produce; rather, it has to do with how we impact the amount of energy the Earth absorbs from the sun, and also how much energy the Earth releases back to space.


15

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

FCC’s Drive Away Hunger program in ninth year Food and cash donations will be accepted in every field office across Canada from Sept. 24 to Oct. 19

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FCC CEO Greg Stewart (l) launched this year’s program with a $50,000 donation to Bill Hall, member of the council at Food Banks Canada. SUPPLIED PHOTO

Organic Week in Manitoba proclaimed

arm Credit Canada (FCC) launched its ninth annual Drive Away Hunger program, with a goal to collect one million pounds of food and $500,000 for food banks across the country. FCC’s Drive Away Hunger program involves driving a tractor and trailer through various communities to collect food and cash donations for food banks across the country. One hundred per cent of donations go to Canadian food banks, and anyone can visit www.fccdriveawayhun ger.ca to make a cash donation. There are no tractor tours in Manitoba this year, but FCC

is collecting food and cash donations in every field office across Canada from Sept. 24 to Oct. 19. FCC launched the program with a $50,000 donation to Food Banks Canada. Half of this amount will be dedicated to the Rural Support Program, which provides additional support and resources to food banks based in rural communities. “Hunger is a real and pressing issue facing nearly a million Canadians, and all of us involved in Drive Away Hunger are coming together to address this need and help feed less fortunate people,” said FCC president and CEO

Greg Stewart in launching this year’s program. Platinum partner, BDO has raised over 600,000 lbs. of food since 2008, Cargill Limited, Parrish and Heimbecker Limited (New Life Mills) and Windset Farms are also national partners and collecting donations. F C C Dr i v e Aw a y Hu n ger began in 2004 when an employee in Ontario organized a local tractor tour. He collected food donations from his local community as a way to give back and help food banks serve people in need. Since then, more than 7.8 million pounds of food have been collected.

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rganic farmers will have to wait a bit longer for the proclamation of provincial legislation that would prohibit anyone labelling something organic if it hasn’t been officially certified. The legislation will be proclaimed sometime “down the road,” a government spokesperson said, but it will come too late for the province’s first-ever Organic Week, which runs from Sept. 22 to 29. Manitoba has been aiming to become the first province in Canada to introduce provincial legislation to mirror federal laws, enacted three years ago, that restrict claims of organic strictly to certified growers and processors. When the provincial law is proclaimed, food will have to be certified by an accredited certification body before it can be labelled organic. Organic growers are anxious to see the regulation go into force, said Kate Storey, a Grandview organic farmer and president of the Manitoba Organic Alliance. “It’ll be so good to have this,” she said. “It will clarify things for farmers here in Manitoba and for the people who are buying the food here.” The proclamation delay put a bit of a damper on Organic Week, added Priscilla Reimer, the organization’s vice-president. “The piece that’s a mystery is why they couldn’t proclaim it during Organic Week,” she said. Overall, Manitoba’s organic sector is in good shape, said Storey. “Markets are good,” she said. “We’re not expanding right now as far as I can tell, although it’s hard to tell at any given time. “What we’re trying to do as farmers is get better at our jobs, and figure out how to do this organic farming the best we can.”

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Manitoba Co-operator: Junior page -8.125” x 10”


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

CROPS Flax puller gets to the root of fibre market’s potential French-made linen flax harvester makes short work of harvesting fibre varieties By Daniel Winters

Shift coming to how grain is stored

CO-OPERATOR STAFF

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fforts aimed at reviving Manitoba’s long-dormant flax-fibre industry have taken a step forward with the importation of a harvesting machine from France. The self-propelled, six-cylinder machine uses a system of pulleys and belts powered by hydraulic motors to yank flax out by its roots, squeeze off the dirt and lay it to one side in neat rows. It was recently tested on two varieties of fibre flax on four acres near Wawanesa and the results were impressive, said Scott Day, a diversification specialist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives. And it’s way better than doing it manually, he said. “We’ve been working with these varieties for the last couple of years. We’ve just pulled it by hand and retted it on a smaller scale,” said Day. Where the crop was dry, the machine “worked very well,” and although it plugged up in wetter parts of the fields, Day said that can likely be fixed with some simple modifications. Renewed consumer interest in natural fibres is driving this research, and creating market opportunities, said Day. It would also be a good diversification option for farmers because while flaxseed yields vary, straw production is much more consistent. But you can’t grow for both, as obtaining high-quality fibre means the plant must be pulled and retted long before the seed matures. “If you grow it for grain, then you can’t sell it for quality fibre,” said Day. “But say you planted it and the fibre market collapsed, you could still harvest it as regular flax.” Eric Liu, a MAFRI business development specialist for fibre and composites who helped obtain the machine from overseas, is currently in discussions with an undisclosed French company interested in sourcing linen flax. “In the 1940s and 1950s, Manitoba was a linen flax production centre, and in wartime, a major supplier of fabrics used by armies,” Liu said. “We want to regrow this industry in Manitoba.”

Westeel teams up with FWS Group

WADO researchers try out a recently imported, French-made flax-pulling machine on fibre varieties near Wawanesa. The one-row machine pulls the plants out by the roots and lays them to one side for a four- to six-week period of “retting.” PHOTO: SCOTT DAY, MAFRI

For linen flax, pulling the whole plant out of the ground — roots and all — is important for maximizing the entire value of the fibre. “The processors use the fibre from the top to the bottom,” Liu said. “That’s how they do it in Europe.” The machine used at Wawanesa is for smaller-scale operators and only pulls one row at a time, but double-row pullers are manufactured in Europe, he added. Retting (separating the flax fibres from the rest of the stalk) is weather dependent and typically lasts about four to six weeks. After that, the flax will be baled and sent to Europe for evaluation.

Liu said that field trials of various varieties show that growing the crop isn’t a problem, however, although flax fibre is generally of higher value than cotton, the trick will be making the economics work, said Liu. European farmers cut back on linen flax acres after subsidies were increased for other crops, forcing processors to import raw materials from abroad. Liu wouldn’t say how much the French company is willing to pay for linen flax, but did say that the price would be competitive with returns from wheat and canola.

Winnipeg-based Westeel has entered into an agreement with the FWS Group of Companies to build Westeel commercial systems across Western Canada. The companies say in a release the new relationship will enhance the offerings of both companies by combining Westeel’s experience in grain storage with FWS’s expertise in commercial grain infrastructure project construction and management. “Working alongside a long-standing local Winnipeg company such as FWS is an exciting opportunity,” said Westeel president Andre Granger. “This partnership will offer customers a convenient turnkey solution for all their commercial steel storage requirements.” “With the recent changes in Canadian grain marketing, we believe there will be a significant shift to how grain will be stored and handled throughout Western Canada,” said Randy Roller, FWS’s vice-president and general manager. “By offering a premier steel storage option to our concrete slipform designs, we will increase the ability to meet our clients’ everchanging requirements.” Westeel, formed in 1905, is a division of Vicwest Corporation. It operates one of its five production facilities in Western Canada. FWS Group of Companies, also headquartered in Winnipeg, has been a design-and-build constructor of grain-handling and commodity-processing facilities throughout North America for more than 55 years.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Hemp harvest looking good Early harvest results indicate 2012 an excellent year for growing hemp By Daniel Winters co-operator staff

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he hemp harvest is in full swing, and early results show that a good crop is coming out the spout. Will Wellborn, Manitoba Harvest Hemp’s seed production manager, has been out visiting some of the company’s roughly 33,000 contracted acres this fall in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta. “Depending where you are, there have been some average yields of around 750 pounds per acre, but we’ve also seen some really, really decent yields at 1,200 to 1,300 lbs./acre,” said Wellborn. “So, it’s been a really great year for growing hemp.” Prices for clean hemp grain range from 70-80 cents per pound for conventional, and $1.10-$1.20 for organic, he added. Scott Day, a diversification specialist based in Melita, said that hemp acres in his area in the Southwestern part of the province handled weather conditions very well and produced exceptional yields this year. Day added that growth in acres in recent years shows that farmers are becoming more confident about growing hemp as a profitable way to diversify their rotations. “It’s not a minor crop anymore,” he said. Keith Watson, a MAFRI diversification specialist, has worked on promoting industrial hemp since it was legalized under tightly controlled conditions in 1998, and has been the province’s lead researcher on the crop for about six years. “It’s starting to emerge. It’s got a presence and it certainly has a future,” said Watson, noting that acres have doubled from the 40,000 seeded last year. “It’s exciting to get in on the ground floor, and it’s been quite a ride.” Most promising for the crop is the fact, he added, is that almost all of this year’s acres were sown under contract, meaning that not only are prices and buyers assured, but it also shows that a stable market has been developed by the four hemp companies operating in Manitoba. Depending on the company, contracts for hemp are hovering around 80-85 cents per pound, with some at 90 cents. Crop insurance pegs average yields at 550 pounds per acre, but “if nothing bad happens” such as flooding or weed infestations, a typical field will produce anywhere from 700-800 pounds per acre to well over 1,000 bu./acre. Seed costs, at about $50 per acre, represent about half of the inputs required, and fertilizer adds another $50 to the bill. On the downside, this fall’s high winds have seen some shelling out of the grain, he said. Depending on how much product processors are able to move, Watson expects hemp acres next spring to increase by at least 10 to 20 per cent. “It’s been growing every year and I can’t see a reason why it won’t grow again next year,” he said. Art Potoroka, reeve of Ethelbert RM, who recently retired from farming, was one of the first to grow the crop after legal restrictions were lifted in 1998. “I keep telling guys that with

“It’s starting to emerge. It’s got a presence and it certainly has a future.” Keith Watson

all the diseases in canola, hemp is an excellent crop in rotation,” said Potoroka. Manitoba Harvest Hemp’s contracted acres have been growing steadily over the past five years, and Wellborn expects the company to be looking to sign on more growers come November and December. “We’re always looking for growers,” said Wellborn, adding that although it’s too early to nail down a number, more acres will likely be needed next year. daniel.winters@fbcpublishing.com

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Hemp acres have risen from zero in the late 1990s to around 80,000 contracted acres in 2012.  File photo

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Volatile commodities may require intervention, UN says Authorities should be allowed to pop price bubbles on rare occasions By Emma Farge geneva / reuters

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overnments should let regulators step into commodity markets to pop price bubbles, prevent crashes and combat powerful financial investors, a UN report showed Sept. 18, a day after a sudden oil price plunge baffled traders. Financial players such as hedge funds and high-frequency traders are to blame for increased volatility in commodity prices and urgent action should be taken to increase transparency and boost regulators’ powers, the paper said. The report, “Don’t Blame the Physical Markets,” said that direct intervention on exchanges might be required as a last resort if other measures prove ineffective in tempering commodity price swings. “Market surveillance authorities

could be mandated to intervene directly in exchange trading on an occasional basis by buying or selling derivatives contracts with a view to averting price collapses or deflating price bubbles,” the paper, published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) said. The list of recommendations, which may be difficult to convert into policy, come as governments face growing pressure to take action on high energy and food prices. The United States has already approved new rules known as Dodd-Frank that will impose position limits on many commodities. The European Union is also moving in that direction but they both stop short of official intervention to dampen prices. David Bicchetti, associate economic officer at UNCTAD and one of the report’s authors, said

new powers to intervene would be comparable to the role of a central bank which can enter a market to buy or sell a currency to cap its value. “The idea would be for a central bank or a regulator to intervene like with a currency market,” he said. In some cases trade caps like those under consideration by lawmakers in Brussels, would not always be enough to prevent a sharp rise or drop in prices, he added. For example, many small traders can form a “herd” by all buying or selling at the same time, with a dramatic impact on prices. The report also proposed a “transactions tax system” designed to reduce the number of trades executed by high-frequency traders.

Back to fundamentals

Since around 2000 an increasing

number of financial players such as hedge funds have entered the commodities markets, perceived to be entering a super-cycle which some analysts now see as waning. Higher-traded volumes have in turn drawn in high-frequency traders which many blame for volatility, such as the rapid $4 plunge in oil futures Sept. 17 or the unprecedented $12-a-barrel drop in May 2011. France has called an emergency meeting of G20 farm ministers for mid-October to discuss curbing price swings on grain markets. The report cites data from the Institute of International Finance that commodity assets under management rose to a record high of $450 billion in April 2011 from less than $10 billion around the end of the last century. “Once we reregulate markets we will come back to a situation where consumers and producers

dominate price discovery and we will be a lot closer to fundamentals,” said Bicchetti. UNCTAD has a mandate to further the trade and investment interests of developing countries which are often heavily reliant on commodity exports and therefore vulnerable to price swings. Commodity traders have long maintained that there is no need for intervention, saying prices are largely determined by supplyand-demand factors with little hard evidence to the contrary. One oil trader with a European bank expressed skepticism about any plan that would authorize direct intervention in futures exchanges such as the IntercontinentalExchange or the Chicago Board of Trade. “Once you start directly interfering in a market it becomes inefficient. Either you believe in markets or you don’t,” he said.

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NDSU forms wheat breeding partnership with Monsanto The program will focus on new technologies Staff

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North Dakota State University (NDSU) and Monsanto have formed a wheat breeding collaboration. “We are pleased and excited about this opportunity to accelerate our hard red spring wheat breeding program with this research partnership,” said Ken Grafton, NDSU vice president for agricultural affairs said in a release. He said gaining access to Monsanto’s breeding technology tools will help secure the future of NDSU’s breeding program. “And joint research projects to develop new breeding and genetic tools will improve the breeding efficiencies of our programs, with the ultimate goal of providing the best genetic material to the North Dakota wheat grower.” “We are committed to delivering improvements in wheat through advancements in breeding and are pleased to be working with a public university that shares our commitment to enhancing the productivity of wheat,” added Anthony Osborne, Monsanto wheat business development lead. The relationship is consistent with the National Association of Wheat Growers’ call for investment in wheat, and during a time when interest and support for new technologies in wheat remains high.


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In Brazil, a land of rivers, crops take the road

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Bringing in the spuds

Cost of freight in Brazil nearly four times that in U.S. By Asher Levine sao paulo / reuters

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razil’s Mato Grosso state has all the conditions to be a soy farmers’ paradise: plentiful rains, fertile and affordable land and a potentially navigable river, the Teles-Pires, that winds its way north to the Amazon and out to sea. Yet farmers cannot use the Teles-Pires and instead have to load their crops onto trucks for a two-day, 2,100-kilometre journey by road to overcrowded southern ports, where they often wait weeks before loading. Brazil has historically failed to make use of its extensive river network, one reason why its transport costs are up to four times higher than in the U.S. or neighbouring Argentina. That could change in coming years as officials, under pressure from the growing farm lobby in soy frontiers such as Mato Grosso, are vowing to take the tough steps necessary for river travel to become more widespread. Brazil’s numerous transport bottlenecks are in the spotlight after President Dilma Rousseff recently announced a $65-billion plan that targets improvements to about 16,000 kilometres of highways and railroads. River transport would not be addressed right away, but technicians are looking carefully at the logistical hurdles. That usually means hydroelectric dams — and the case of the Teles-Pires is emblematic. While the river is not currently navigable, a series of hydroelectric dams planned along its course could raise water levels high enough to allow barges to pass through. The problem is Brazil’s government failed to include the requirement for navigation locks in the bidding process. Farmers are enraged, saying electric companies are monopolizing the use of a public resource at their expense. It’s estimated a working waterway on the Teles-Pires could cut freight costs by as much as 55 per cent. It costs an average of $85 per tonne to ship crops out of Brazil but just $23 in the U.S. and $20 in Argentina. “We are throwing away three billion reais ($1.5 billion) (in shipping expenses) every year and it’s just going to get worse,” said Leonildo Bares, a soy farmer and president of a local agricultural union. Brazil’s energy policy, however, may be standing in the way. Rousseff ’s priority is lowering energy prices — currently the world’s third highest — by offering tax breaks to electric companies to increase supply. As many as 48 new hydroelectric plants are planned for 2020, but most will not include navigation locks.

This field near MacGregor was being harvested Sept. 19, which was a windy, dusty day.  photo: luc Gamache

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

briefs

Fined for illegal fertilizer imports Staff / A Carberry man has been fined $7,500 after pleading guilty to illegally importing or selling fertilizers that require registration under the Fertilizers Act. Ronald Becker of Ronald G. Becker Sales Ltd. was caught importing and selling fertilizer that had not been approved by the Canadian Food Inspections Agency. A search warrant revealed Becker had imported approximately 130,703 kg of fertilizer that required registration. “As per the Fertilizers Act, the onus is upon the importer to ensure that fertilizers and supplements are registered with the CFIA before their importation or sale in Canada,” a federal release says. B:17.4” T:17.4”

U.S. shifts key crop report release time to midday The farm sector generally backs the move, but there are many dissenters By Charles Abbott washington /reuters

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he U.S. government will begin issuing major agricultural reports at midday, when Chicago trading is in full swing, abandoning the earlymorning release of the world’s most important crop data after almost two decades. After a months-long debate following the adoption of nearly around-the-clock futures trading, the U.S. Agriculture Department said Sept. 19 that from January it would release its market-moving U.S. crop forecasts and five other major reports at noon ET (11 a.m. CT). Major farm groups and agribusinesses generally supported the move, although some major market players including Cargill

had advocated either maintaining the same time or releasing the data when markets are shut. But many Chicago traders were pleased the reports would no longer roil the market during the sluggish, illiquid early-morning hours of the CME Group’s extended day. “We’re elated, the whole trading floor is just elated with this decision. The early release time just wasn’t working,” said Joe Bedore of trading house INTL-FC Stone. Since 1994, the agency’s biggest reports have been released at 8:30 a.m. ET, prior to the opening of Chicago floor trade and early enough to accommodate European and Asian players. The reports are finalized in a “lockup” of USDA experts that begins several hours beforehand under the watch of armed guards.

Extended hours

But in May, CME extended the trading time of its hallmark Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) grain and oilseed contracts to nearly 24 hours, responding both to pressure from investors who wanted a longer day and to competition from the IntercontinentalExchange (ICE), which has just launched look-alike contracts in a bid to take business. As a result, USDA’s most significant reports were being released when markets were open but trading volume was low, frustrating many players and threatening to exaggerate price moves. “The shift to a noon release allows for the greatest liquidity in the markets, provides the greatest access to the reports during working hours in the United States, and continues equal access

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“We’re elated, the whole trading floor is just elated with this decision. The early release time just wasn’t working.” Joe Bedore

of trading house INTL-FC Stone

to data among all parties,” said USDA chief economist Joe Glauber. CME said after the USDA’s announcement that it would no longer start open-outcry grain trading early on days the U.S. government issues major agricultural reports. In June it had switched to starting trading at 8:20 a.m. ET instead of the usual 10:30 a.m. ET on days when a USDA report was released. ICE said it had “no change in hours to announce” for its grain markets.

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With reports to be released while markets are open, a key issue is assuring speedy and equal access to the data. USDA posts its reports on the Internet at the time of release as well as issuing them in print. A spokesman said USDA would maintain the practice of allowing media organizations, including Reuters, early access to the data under a strict embargo. Some traders said there is too little time to digest USDA data if the reports are issued during trading hours. Traders in Paris and other European markets may feel especially pinched — USDA reports will be issued 30 minutes before they close. Others fear that ultra-fast algorithmic traders or tech-savvy speculators may be able to benefit by programming split-second trades based on the USDA’s numbers, while farmers and other retail players take more time to parse the figures. A trade group for U.S. grain merchants, shippers and processors, the National Grain and Feed Association, said trading should pause long enough on report days “for a rational analysis of the data.” A CME spokesman said, “We are willing to consider a pause provided all exchanges agree to co-ordinate to set trading hours to facilitate this halt.” In July CME had suggested a halt of no more than 30 minutes around the release of key USDA reports. The new release time applies to the monthly crop report and its companion report on crops around the globe, the World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates; the quarterly Grain Stocks report, issued in March, June, September and January; the Prospective Plantings report in March, the Acreage report in June and the Small Grains Summary in September. USDA decided to continue to release three major livestock reports — the monthly Cattle on Feed report, quarterly Hogs and Pigs report and periodic Cattle Inventory report — in mid-afternoon.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Fears of global food price crisis recede

FIELD METAL

USDA report paints less severe corn crop picture than feared By Nigel Hunt LONDON / REUTERS

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he third global food price spike in four years may have peaked after a summer of stunning increases on cereal markets, as a U.S. government report on Sept. 12 raised hopes that a full-blown food emergency could be averted. Fears of unrest and hunger seen in the 2007-08 crisis emerged as the worst U.S. drought in over half a century and persistent dryness in other key grain-producing countries sent corn and soybean prices to successive record highs. But the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Sept. 12 cut its forecast for the country’s corn crop by less than one per cent, indicating the worst drought in U.S. Midwest in 56 years may have done less damage than anticipated. “The situation seems pretty comfortable compared to what many people feared,” said Abdolreza Abbassian, senior economist and grain analyst at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The U.S. drought had also sent wheat prices up by more than 50 per cent and prompted calls for an emergency meeting of Group of 20 nations and joint action to calm markets. “The concern we heard about earlier on was related to a worsening of the situation and this report does not draw that conclusion,” Abbassian said. U.S. corn prices were trading around $7.68 a bushel Sept. 12, down nearly 10 per cent from a record high of $8.49 a bushel set on August 10. The most recent food price surge revived memories of the

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2007-08 crisis which the FAO estimated added 75 million to the number of chronically hungry people in the world. Other estimates put the increase at up to 160 million. Robert Thompson, a food security expert at the Chicago Council on Global Affairs and professor emeritus at the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, said grain prices probably climbed higher than they needed to, based on supply and demand. “Probably we overshot a little bit on the scare a month or so ago but it sent a strong signal that we were going to have to ration a smaller crop,” he said. “It definitely got everybody’s attention and started changing intentions in the livestock and poultry sector. It was a shot heard around the world.” Rich Nelson, chief strategist for Allendale, said the corn market had probably peaked. “Drought rallies are based on the question of identifying production. Once that question is answered, the rally is over,” he said. Some analysts and traders were still wary of calling an end to the price rises, noting that the USDA may have been reluctant to cut its corn crop forecast too aggressively with the corn harvest only about 15 per cent complete. Major revisions often come in the October report. Analysts also said prices may need to remain high to reduce demand for corn with supplies still set to be extremely tight. “It’s not a bold report. In the USDA’s view, the situation is not worse than last month. But we know that there is the potential for a downward revision,” said Sebastien Techer, analyst with grains consultancy Agritel.

BRIEFS

Interest rate on student loans drops Students taking out loans to help finance their education will now be paying a lower interest rate, the provincial government has announced. Changes under the Student Aid Act have reduced the interest rate on Manitoba student loans from prime plus 1.5 per cent to prime, Advance Education and Literacy Minister Erin Selby said in a release. Just over 12,000 student borrowers are now benefiting from these new low interest rates, which came into effect Sept. 1. Selby also announced that students can now earn more money during the study period without it affecting their student loan eligibility. Previously, students could earn up to $50 per week during the study period without their income affecting their eligibility for student aid. That amount has been raised to $100 per week.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

crop report

Early seeded winter wheat needs rain Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives – Report for September 24, 2012 Weekly Provincial Summary

•  Harvest of spring cereal crops and canola is essentially complete across Manitoba. •  Harvest continues for flax, edible beans, soybeans, grain corn and industrial hemp. Sunflower harvest is expected to start shortly. •  T he earliest-seeded winter wheat has emerged but precipitation would help with germination and stand establishment. •  Precipitation would also be welcomed to aid in fall field work and replenishing soil moisture reserves and dugouts.

Southwest Region

Another week of little to no rainfall. There were several evenings of below zero temperatures. Flax harvest is 60 per cent complete and yields vary. Some areas are reporting 30 bu./acre and several other areas are reporting 15 to 20 bu./acre. Producers started to harvest soybeans and preliminary yields are 30 bu./acre. Corn silage harvest continues throughout the region and yields are between 10 and 15 tonnes/acre. Frosts over the weekend helped to dry the sunflower and corn crops; harvesting of these crops may start toward the end of the week or beginning of next week.

Pastures are essentially done for the season and several producers started to feed on pasture. Dugout levels dropped and many producers are looking at having to supplement pastures or feeding areas with water. Some producers are exploring pumping water to winter feeding areas.

Northwest Region

The first general frost of -4 to -5 C affected all areas over the weekend. Silage corn harvest continues with average to aboveyield and quality. The hemp seed harvest just started with only a couple of fields combined. Soybean harvest is general in the more advanced Ste. Rose area with above average yields reported in the 45 bu./ acre range. Some red clover and flax is being combined; grain corn harvest has not yet started. Winter wheat and fall rye planting was completed into dry soils. Fall tillage operations continue. Native hay baling continues under dry conditions with a v e ra g e t o b e l ow - a v e ra g e yields. Post-frost tame forages are also being harvested. Dugout water supplies are still adequate, however, are declining under continuing dry fall conditions.

Central Region

Overnight temperatures fell to -6 and -7 C on the weekend, aiding in drydown of late-season crops. Harvest of spring cereals and canola is complete. Flax harvest continues, with yields in the 10 to 25 bu./acre range. Edible bean harvest should be complete this week. Yields are average to good. Quality is generally good. High winds again moved edible bean swaths, resulting in losses. Soybean harvest is progressing well and is close to complete in southern and eastern parts of the region. Yields should average in the low to mid 30 bu./acre range. Corn harvest continues. Early yield reports range from 70 to 120 bu./acre, with moisture ranging from 19 to 23 per cent. Silage corn is being harvested and corn stover is being baled. Sunflower harvest may start this week on acres that were desiccated; frosts will help for drydown of remaining acres. Harvest for potatoes going into storage is in full swing with yields in the 300+ cwt range. Winter wheat seeding is complete with some fall rye still going in. Some earlier seeded crop has emerged but rain is needed to allow for even stands or for germination. Field work is progressing slowly. In some cases rain is needed before any additional

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work can be done. Drainage work with scrapers is ongoing. Dugouts are very low or dry and supplemental feeding is occurring in the driest areas. Pasture growth is slow. Producers are concerned about winter water supplies. Bale grazing is likely to be a challenge if conditions remain dry.

Eastern Region

Most districts of the Eastern Region experienced a killing frost early Sunday morning with temperatures as low as -8 C. Intermittent drizzle and rainfall amounting to five mm or less was noted across the region. About 65 per cent of soybean acres are harvested across the region. The average of reported yields appears to be around 35 bu./acre with yields ranging from 25 to over 45 bu./acre Corn harvest is proceeding in some southern districts with up to 50 per cent of acres harvested. The condition of the majority of pasturelands in the Eastern Region is rated as poor to very poor. Availability of livestock water is rated as 25 to 40 per cent inadequate across the Eastern Region. In regards to winter feed supply level, hay is rated as 25 to 65 per cent adequate, straw is 80 to 90 per cent adequate, greenfeed is about 70 per cent adequate and feed grains range from 25 to 80 per cent adequate.

Interlake Region

The week started off with strong winds on Sept. 17 followed by many days with light scattered showers and gusty winds. Rainfall amounts ranged from two to eight mm for the week. Heavy frost on Sunday morning saw temperatures drop to -6 C across the region with Eriksdale dropping down to -9 C. Harvest continues with most annual crops complete. Grain corn harvest started in the Stonewall and Warren areas. Alfalfa seed harvest is well underway with above average yields being reported. Winter wheat emergence is patchy across the region due to dry conditions. Fall tillage is general and progressing well, although most fields are quite dry and difficult to till. Native hay harvest continues as dry conditions are allowing access to areas which are usually inaccessible. Tame hay harvest nears completion as most crops do not have enough moisture for regrowth. Pasture conditions are deteriorating and most producers are either feeding on pasture, moving cattle to stockpiled paddocks or grazing hay land regrowth. Alternative water supplies are being employed. Pumping water to dugouts from wells or other sources is common.


24

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Controversial French study finds rats fed on GM corn more likely to get tumours The study published in a peer-reviewed journal, but many researchers remain skeptical of its findings LONDON / REUTERS

A

controversial new French study has found rats fed on Monsanto’s genetically modified corn or exposed to its top-selling weed killer suffered tumours and multiple organ damage. The University of Caen found rats fed on a diet containing NK603, a Roundup-tolerant corn variety, or given water with Roundup at levels permitted in the U.S. died earlier than those on a standard diet. The animals on the GM diet suffered mammary tumours, as well as severe liver and kidney damage. The study was published in a peer-reviewed journal, but other experts were highly skeptical. Tom Sanders, head of the nutritional sciences research division at King’s College Lon-

BRIEFS

Agrium moves to purchase Viterra stores REUTERS / Agrium Inc. expects to complete its purchase of the bulk of Viterra Inc.’s Canadian and Australian farm supply stores by the end of 2012 or early 2013, Agrium chief executive Mike Wilson said Sept. 18. Agrium, the biggest U.S. farm retail supplier, is paying $575 million for the stores, which sell seed, chemicals and fertilizer to farmers. Agrium will buy the stores from Swiss-based Glencore International Plc, which is expected to complete its takeover of Viterra this month. Privately held Canadian grain handler Richardson International Ltd. is buying some of Viterra’s grain-handling elevators and crop-processing sites once Glencore’s takeover is complete. The Glencore-Viterra deal has received all approvals from regulatory authorities except China’s Ministry of Commerce, which is reviewing the transaction. Glencore’s sell-off of some Viterra parts to Agrium and Richardson still requires approval of Canada’s Competition Bureau.

Only 7% of people have planned a gift in their Will, but 34% would if asked.

We’re asking. For more information: Ph: (204) 949.2032 Toll-free: 1.888.473.4636 heartandstroke.mb.ca/ willplanning

don, noted that researcher Gilles-Eric Seralini of the University of Caen and his team had not provided any data on how much the rats were given to eat, or what their growth rates were. “This strain of rat is very prone to mammary tumours, particularly when food intake is not restricted,” he said. “The statistical methods are unconventional and probabilities are not adjusted for multiple comparisons. There is no clearly defined data analysis plan and it would appear the authors have gone on a statistical fishing trip.” Australian expert Mark Tester said the findings raise the question of why no previous studies have flagged up similar concerns. “If the effects are as big as purported, and if the work really is

relevant to humans, why aren’t the North Americans dropping like flies?” he asked. “GM has been in the food chain for over a decade over there.” But GM critics argue there is limited information about longterm effects as GM crops have only been around for 15 years.

“This strain of rat is very prone to mammary tumours, particularly when food intake is not restricted.” TOM SANDERS

head of the nutritional sciences research division at King’s College London

Researcher Gilles-Eric Seralini of the University of Caen said a study found that rats fed a lifetime diet of Monsanto’s genetically modified corn or exposed to its top-selling weed killer Roundup suffered tumours and multiple organ damage. PHOTO: REUTERS/YVES HERMAN

Q: What are my options now? Q: How can this new open market for wheat benefit me? Q: Where do I find information about pricing? Q: How will premiums and discounts be applied to my wheat? Q: How do I upgrade my wheat marketing skills and knowledge? Q: Who can I call if I have questions? Q: Who will do the best job of marketing my wheat? Q: Who can I go to for advice? Q: Who can I trust? Q: Is there a lot of high protein wheat in the world? Q: How do I figure out what the CWB is offering? Q: Is the pool a safe place? Q: How do I know what quality of wheat I have? Q: How do I maintain the quality of my wheat in storage? Q: Are there times when the market will want my grain? Q: How will the sale of Viterra impact the market? Q: How is rail transportation going to work? Q: What should I plan for next year?


25

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

World leaders avoid export embargoes

GATHERING UP THE FLOCK

It’s the third spike in world food prices since 2007 WASHINGTON / REUTERS

W

These geese in the RM of Lorne are getting ready for their southern migration.

PHOTO: JEANNETTE GREAVES

A:

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orld leaders have shown prudence in the face of rising food prices by avoiding harmful steps such as export embargoes, the United States said Sept. 17 after France called an emergency meeting of G20 farm ministers. Scorching drought in the United States, the w o r l d’s l a r g e s t f a r m expor ter, and in the wheat-exporting Black Sea region of Europe has driven commodity prices to record levels this summer. It was the third price surge since 2007. High prices pushed tens of millions of people into hunger in 2008. “To date, global leaders have exercised prudence in policy-making a n d a vo i d e d a c t i o n s su ch a s ex p or t ba ns that escalated the situation in 2008,” said Joe Glauber, the U.S. official who will become chairman next month of a G20 clearing house on farm production and global food needs. “ T h e Un i t e d S t a t e s is closely monitoring food markets and sharing data across the G20.” The Group of 20 wealthiest nations c re a t e d t h e A g r i c u l tural Market Information System in 2011 to provide a fuller picture of food production around the world. France, the current chair of AMIS, set for mid-October the firstever meeting of the Rapid Response Forum, an AMIS body that allows G20 members to consult on food policy and warn against miscues. France advocates steps such as strategic food stockpiles and a pause in growth of biofuels use to mitigate the impact of drought. A U.S. report last week said crop losses worldwide were not as severe as feared. T h e Un i t e d St a t e s, which eliminated its long-term grain stockpiles in 1996, generally opposes large regional or global stockpiles to buffer prices.


26

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

FARMER'S

MARKETPLACE Call to place your classified ad in the next issue: 1-800-782-0794

Selling?

FAX your classified ads to: 204-954-1422 · Or eMAiL your classified ads to: mbclassifieds@fbcpublishing.com

Classification

index Tributes/Memory Announcements Airplanes Alarms & Security Systems AnTiqueS Antiques For Sale Antique Equipment Antique Vehicle Antiques Wanted Arenas

Your guide to the Classification Categories and sub-listings within this section.

Roofing Building Supplies Buildings Business Machines Business Opportunities BuSineSS SeRViCeS Crop Consulting Financial & Legal Insurance/Investments Butchers Supply Chemicals Clothing/Work wear Collectibles Compressors Computers

AuCTiOn SALeS BC Auction AB Auction Peace AB Auction North AB Auction Central AB Auction South SK Auction MB Auction Parkland MB Auction Westman MB Auction Interlake MB Auction Red River Auction Various U.S. Auctions Auction Schools

COnTRACTinG Custom Baling Custom Feeding Custom Harvest Custom Seeding Custom Silage Custom Spraying Custom Trucking Custom Tub Grinding Custom Work Construction Equipment Dairy Equipment Electrical Engines Entertainment Fertilizer

AuTO & TRAnSpORT Auto Service & Repairs Auto & Truck Parts Autos Trucks Semi Trucks Sport Utilities Vans Vehicles Vehicles Wanted

FARM MAChineRy Aeration Conveyors Equipment Monitors Fertilizer Equip Grain Augers Grains Bins Grain Carts Grain Cleaners Grain Dryers Grain Elevators Grain Handling Grain Testers Grain Vacuums

BeeKeepinG Honey Bees Cutter Bees Bee Equipment Belting Bio Diesel Equipment Books & Magazines BuiLDinG & RenOVATiOnS Concrete Repair Doors & Windows Electrical & Plumbing Insulation Lumber

New Holland Steiger Universal Versatile White Zetor Tractors 2WD Tractors 4WD Tractors Various Farm Machinery Miscellaneous Farm Machinery Wanted Fencing Firewood Fish Farm Forestry/Logging Fork Lifts/Pallets Fur Farming Generators GPS Health Care Heat & Air Conditioning Hides/Furs/Leathers Hobby & Handicrafts Household Items

hAyinG & hARVeSTinG Baling Equipment Mower Conditioners Swathers

Swather Accessories Haying & Harvesting Various COMBineS Belarus Case/IH Cl Caterpillar Lexion Deutz Ford/NH Gleaner John Deere Massey Ferguson Versatile White Combines Various Combine Accessories Hydraulics Irrigation Equipment Loaders & Dozers Parts & Accessories Salvage Potato & Row Crop Equipment Repairs Rockpickers Snowblowers/Plows Silage Equipment Specialty Equipment

LAnDSCApinG Greenhouses Lawn & Garden LiVeSTOCK CATTLe Cattle Auctions Angus Black Angus Red Angus Aryshire Belgian Blue Blonde d'Aquitaine Brahman Brangus Braunvieh BueLingo Charolais Dairy Dexter Excellerator Galloway Gelbvieh Guernsey Hereford Highland Holstein Jersey Limousin Lowline Luing Maine-Anjou Miniature Murray Grey Piedmontese

SpRAyinG Sprayers Spray Various TiLLAGe & SeeDinG Air Drills Air Seeders Harrows & Packers Seeding Various Tillage Equipment Tillage & Seeding Various TRACTORS Agco Allis/Deutz Belarus Case/IH Caterpillar Ford John Deere Kubota Massey Ferguson

Pinzgauer Red Poll Salers Santa Gertrudis Shaver Beefblend Shorthorn Simmental South Devon Speckle Park Tarentaise Texas Longhorn Wagyu Welsh Black Cattle Composite Cattle Various Cattle Wanted LiVeSTOCK hORSeS Horse Auctions American Saddlebred Appaloosa Arabian Belgian Canadian Clydesdale Draft Donkeys Haflinger Miniature Morgan Mules Norwegian Ford Paint Palomino Percheron Peruvian Pinto Ponies Quarter Horse Shetland Sport Horses Standardbred Tennessee Walker Thoroughbred Warmblood Welsh Horses For Sale Horses Wanted LiVeSTOCK Sheep Sheep Auction Arcott Columbia Dorper Dorset Katahdin Lincoln Suffolk Texel Sheep Sheep For Sale

Sheep Wanted LiVeSTOCK Swine Swine Auction Swine For Sale Swine Wanted LiVeSTOCK poultry Poultry For Sale Poultry Wanted LiVeSTOCK Specialty Alpacas Bison (Buffalo) Deer Elk Goats Llama Rabbits Emu Ostrich Rhea Yaks Specialty Livestock Various Livestock Equipment Livestock Services & Vet Supplies Miscellaneous Articles Miscellaneous Articles Wanted Musical Notices On-Line Services ORGAniC Organic Certified Organic Food Organic Grains Personal Pest Control Pets & Supplies Photography Propane Pumps Radio, TV & Satellite ReAL eSTATe Vacation Property Commercial Buildings Condos Cottages & Lots Houses & Lots Mobile Homes Motels & Hotels Resorts FARMS & RAnCheS British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Pastures Farms Wanted

Acreages/Hobby Farms Land For Sale Land For Rent

Oilseeds Pulse Crops Common Seed Various

ReCReATiOnAL VehiCLeS All Terrain Vehicles Boats & Water Campers & Trailers Golf Carts Motor Homes Motorcycles Snowmobiles Recycling Refrigeration Restaurant Supplies Sausage Equipment Sawmills Scales

FeeD/GRAin Feed Grain Hay & Straw Hay & Feed Wanted Feed Wanted Grain Wanted Seed Wanted Sewing Machines Sharpening Services Silos Sporting Goods Outfitters Stamps & Coins Swap Tanks Tarpaulins Tenders Tickets Tires Tools

SeeD/FeeD/GRAin pedigreed Cereal Seeds Barley Durum Oats Rye Triticale Wheat Cereals Various peDiGReeD FORAGe SeeDS Alfalfa Annual Forage Clover Forages Various Grass Seeds peDiGReeD OiLSeeDS Canola Flax Oilseeds Various peDiGReeD puLSe CROpS Beans Chickpeas Lentil Peas Pulses Various peDiGReeD SpeCiALTy CROpS Canary Seeds Mustard Potatoes Sunflower Specialty Crops Various COMMOn SeeD Cereal Seeds Forage Seeds Grass Seeds

TRAiLeRS Grain Trailers Livestock Trailers Trailers Miscellaneous Travel Water Pumps Water Treatment Welding Well Drilling Well & Cistern Winches COMMuniTy CALenDAR British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba CAReeRS Career Training Child Care Construction Domestic Services Farm/Ranch Forestry/Log Health Care Help Wanted Management Mining Oil Field Professional Resume Services Sales/Marketing Trades/Tech Truck Drivers Employment Wanted

Classified Ad Order Form MAiL TO: Manitoba Co-operator, Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7

FAX TO:

204-954-1422

Name: __________________________________________________________ Address: ___________________________________________ Province: ____________________________

phOne in: TOLL FREE IN CANADA:

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Add $2.50 if being billed / Minus 10% if prepaying: ______________________

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Expiry Date: Signature: _______________________________________________ Published by Farm Business Communications, 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 WINNIPEG OFFICE Manitoba Co-operator 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 Toll-Free in Canada 1-800-782-0794 Phone 204-954-1415 in Winnipeg FAX 204-954-1422 Mailing Address: Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7

AGREEMENT The publisher reserves the right to refuse any or all advertising for any reason stated or unstated. Advertisers requesting publication of either display or classified advertisements agree that should the advertisement be omitted from the issue ordered for whatever reason, the Manitoba Co-operator shall not be held liable. It is also agreed that in the event of an error appearing in the published advertisement, the Manitoba Co-operator accepts no liability beyond the amount paid for that portion of the advertisement in which the error appears or affects. Claims for adjustment are limited to errors appearing in the first insertion only. While every endeavor will be made to forward box number replies as soon as possible, we accept no liability in respect to loss or damage alleged to a rise through either failure or delay in forwarding such replies, however caused, whether by negligence or otherwise.

noon on THuRSDAyS (unless otherwise stated)

Or (204) 954-1415 in Winnipeg

plEASE noTE: Even if you do not want your name & address to appear in your ad, we need the information for our files.

No. of words

ADVeRTiSinG DeADLine:

CAUTION The Manitoba Co-operator, while assuming no responsibility for advertisements appearing in its columns, exercises the greatest care in an endeavor to restrict advertising to wholly reliable firms or individuals. However, please do not send money to a Manitoba Co-operator box number. Buyers are advised to request shipment C.O.D. when ordering from an unknown advertiser, thus minimizing the chance of fraud and eliminating the necessity of a refund where the goods have already been sold. At Farm Business Communications we have a firm commitment to protecting your privacy and security as our customer. Farm Business Communications will only collect personal information if it is required for the proper functioning of our business. As part of our commitment to enhance customer service, we may share this personal information with other strategic business partners. For more information regarding our Customer Informa-

TOTAL: ______________________ tion Privacy Policy, write to: Information Protection Officer, Farm Business Communications, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1. Occasionally we make our list of subscribers available to other reputable firms whose products and services might be of interest to you. If you would prefer not to receive such offers, please contact us at the address in the preceding paragraph, or call 1-800-782-0794. The editors and journalists who write, contribute and provide opinions to Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communications attempt to provide accurate and useful opinions, information and analysis. However, the editors, journalists and Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communications, cannot and do not guarantee the accuracy of the information contained in this publication and the editors as well as Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communication assume no responsibility for any actions or decisions taken by any reader for this publication based on any and all information provided.

ADVERTISIng RATES & InfoRMATIon REgulAR ClASSIfIED • Minimum charge — $11.25 per week for first 25 words or less and an additional 45 cents per word for every word over 25. Additional bolding 75 cents per word. GST is extra. $2.50 billing charge is added to billed ads only. • Terms: Payment due upon receipt of invoice. • 10% discount for prepaid ads. If phoning in your ad you must pay with VISA or MasterCard to qualify for discount. • Prepayment Bonus: Prepay for 3 weeks & get a bonus of 2 weeks; bonus weeks run consecutively & cannot be used separately from original ad; additions & changes accepted only during first 3 weeks. • Ask about our Priority Placement. • If you wish to have replies sent to a confidential box number, please add $5.00 per week to your total. Count eight words for your address. Example: Ad XXXX, Manitoba Co-operator, Box 9800, Winnipeg, R3C 3K7. • Your complete name and address must be submitted to our office before publication. (This information will be kept confidential and will not appear in the ad unless requested.) DISplAy ClASSIfIED • Advertising copy deviating in any way from the regular classified style will be considered display and charged at the display rate of $32.20 per column inch ($2.30 per agate line). • Minimum charge $32.20 per week + $5.00 for online per week. • Illustrations and logos are allowed with full border. • Spot color: 25% of ad cost, with a minimum charge of $15.00. • Advertising rates are flat with no discount for frequency of insertion or volume of space used. • Telephone orders accepted • Terms: Payment due upon receipt of invoice. • Price quoted does not include GST. All classified ads are non-commissionable.


27

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

ANTIQUES

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

AUCTION DISTRICTS

ANTIQUES Antiques For Sale

Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.

The Pas

1956 INTERNATIONAL S120 TRUCK, to be restored, $1500 OBO. Phone:(204)855-2212. RED BARN ANTIQUE SALE Sept 24th 3:00pm-7:00pm, Sept 25th to Sept 29th 11:00am-5:00pm. Hwy 59 South to Grande Pointe. www.theredbarnantiques.blogspot.com

ROSS TAYLOR

AUCTION SERVICE COLLECTOR TRACTOR ANd EqUIpmENT AUCTION ThE ESTATE OF ChARLIE mORRIS

Birch River

Swan River Minitonas Durban

ANTIQUES Antique Equipment

Winnipegosis

Roblin

40 DEERE CRAWLER, NEW paint, pins, bushings, PTO, AR, nice condition overall; Fairbanks Model2, kero on steel skids w/firewood swing table mandiel; 1928 5pass ModelA sedan, older resto, very nice, good runner.Phone:(204)447-2240.

Dauphin

Grandview

Ashern

Gilbert Plains

Parkland

Birtle

Riverton Eriksdale

McCreary

Lundar

Langruth Gladstone

Neepawa

Hamiota

Reston Melita

1

Interlake

Erickson Minnedosa

Virden

Arborg

Gimli

Shoal Lake

Rapid City

NEW TRACTOR PARTS and engine rebuild kits, specializing in hard to find parts for older tractors, tractor seats, service and owners manuals, decals and much more, our 38th year! 1 800-481-1353, www.diamondfarmtractorparts.com

MacDonalD, MB SaturDay octoBer 13th at 10 aM DSt

Fisher Branch

Ste. Rose du Lac Russell

Stonewall Selkirk

Portage

Brandon

Carberry

Elm Creek

Treherne

Souris

Westman

locateD on yellowheaD # 16 Between weStBourne anD MacDonalD at MorriS roaD

Lac du Bonnet

Beausejour

Winnipeg

Austin

Sanford

Ste. Anne

Carman

Mariapolis

St. Pierre

242

Morris

Steinbach

1

Red River

ONLINE ONLY INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS AUCTION SALES

Boissevain

Waskada

Killarney

Pilot Mound

Crystal City

Winkler

Morden

Altona

AUCTION SALES

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland

ONLINE ONLY INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

OPENS: Wednesday October 3rd CLOSES: Tuesday October 9th AUCTION FEATURES: Wednesday 3rd and ThreeOPENS: Industrial BuildingsOctober to be Moved OPENS: Wednesday October 3rd CLOSES: Tuesday October 9th One Industrial Building to be Left on Site. CLOSES: Tuesday October 9th AUCTION FEATURES: Industrial Buildings Located on NorthThree Edge of Russell, MBto be

UNRESERVED AUCTION SALE

(The parking lot behind the Prov. Bldg.)

Saturday, October 6th at 1:00 PM (Viewing 11:00 AM - 1:00 PM Same Day of Sale Only)

AUCTIONEERS NOTE*

Very small auction so Be On Time

Having received instructions through the Province of Manitoba, we will sell the following:

LOADER: *Volvo B.M diesel loader w/ grapple fork w/side front blade plow type LM641 WELDER: *Hobart welder 250 amp model GF-250 on 2-wheel trailer (works good) TRUCK: *1983 Dodge 350 1-ton w/hoist, runs very good (only 76,000km) MISCELLANEOUS SHOP SUPPLIES, TOOLS & BOOK MANUELS: *Engine analyser *Kwik-way *Exhaust analyser *Hofmann tire balancer *brake grinder *floor drill *engine stand *pipe bender* hand press *table saw *tire cage *welders rod oven *Hydraulic press *Upright piano

TERMS: Cash, Visa, Mastercard or Debit paid in Full Same Day of Sale.

SUBJECT TO ADDITIONS & DELETIONS “Everything Sold As Is, Where Is” with no warranties implied or expressed.

SK PL # 915407 SK PL # 915407 AB PL # 180827 AB PL # 180827

For Viewing Appointments: Call Cindy @ (204)773-7888 or (204)821-5075

KAYE’S AUCTIONS

For Photos, Complete Descriptions & More Info, please visit Website or Call hodginsauctioneers.com FARM AUCTION FOR BILL & JOYCE WIEBE & HENRY WIEBE Sat., Oct. 6th, 2012 12:00pm. 2-mi North of Riding Mountain MB on Hwy 5 & 5-mi East or 7-mi West of Glenella MB on Hwy 261 till Rd 82W & 1.5-mi South. Hopper Bins: 2, 2,600-bu Behlen bins w/Peloquin hoppers; 1,200-bu Meridian Hopper bin; bins to be removed by Oct. 20th, 2012; Trucks: 1966 Mercury 100 1/2-Ton V8 std; 1979 A150 INT truck; Tractors & Combines: 4100 INT 4WD 18.4x30 duals; 1979 4586 4WD 20.8x38 fact duals 3 hyds; 1977 2470 Case 600-hrs PS 18.4x34 duals 2 hyds; 1960 460 Farmall DSL RC 2 hyds PTO 13.6x38; 1942 A McCormick PTO & pulley; 1979 760 MF combine; 1975 760 MF combine; Tillage Equip: 41-ft. 4150 WilRich air seeder; 40-ft. Leon Cult; 26-ft. Melcam Deep Tiller; 8-16 Cockshutt plow hyd reset; 12-ft. Shearwood Tandem Disc; 2 swath rollers; 60-ft. Sprayer w/400-gal Tank; 24-ft. Vers PT Swather; 7x36-ft. Westfield auger w/16-HP Kohler eng; trailer type Post Pounder; 180A Forney welder; air compressor; 1 western Roping Saddle; 1 western Saddle; Radio Flyer wagon; misc shop tools; misc household. Owner Bill Wiebe (204)967-2303. Check out our website www.nickelauctions.com. Subject to additions & deletions Not responsible for any errors in description. GST & PST will be charged where applicable Everything sells AS IS where Is. All sales final Owners and auction company are not responsible for any accidents on sale site. Sale conducted by Nickel Auctions Ltd Dave Nickel auctioneer Ph (204)637-3393, cell (204)856-6900.

(204) 668-0183 (WPG.) www.kayesauctions.com

Don't Miss Harvest Consignment Sale

HARVEST CONSIGNMENT SALE at 1-800-667-2075 FRASER AUCTION BARN AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD hodginsauctioneers.com Moving Auction Wed., Oct. 10th 4:00pm

RENOVATION & SURPLUS AUCTION Sale for the Russell Inn Sun., Sept. 30th 10:00am Russell, MB. (south of Russell Inn across Hwy 16 at Russell Storage) Large quantity of Writing Tables, Dressers, Credenzas, Desks, Chairs, Bar Fridges & TV’s; Box Springs & Mattresses; Roll-a-Way Cot; Bed Bases; Wall Headboards; Counter Top; Restaurant Style Garbage Bin; Folding Security Gate; “Next Stone” Tiles; Lamps; Window Air Conditioner; Some Bedding; Cherry Wood TV Stands; (2) Hamburger Cookers; Sinks; Toilets; few Teleposts; & more. Sale subject to additions & deletions. Call us for info. Hudson Auction Service (204)764-2447 Ken’s Cell: (204)764-0288 or Shirley’s Cell: (204)764-0173 Website: www.globalauctionguide.com/hudson

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Westman AUCTION SALE FOR ESTATE of Jack & Mitch McLean, Pilot Mound, MB on Sat., Oct 6, 2012 10:30am. Watch for Sale signs on Hwy 3 North & East of Pilot Mound & Hwy 3 South of Pilot Mound. For Information Phone Scott McLean (204)825-2805 or (204)825-8487 Visit our website www.lewisauctionservices.net Phone (204)873-2441 or cell (204)825-7786. Farming is enough of a gamble, advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator classified section. It’s a sure thing. 1-800-782-0794.

Estate & Stonewall #12 Patterson Dr. LARGE Antique AUCTION! Growing Website! Yard; Tools & Misc; Antiques; Household; Unique Items. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 www.mcsherryauction.com

Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds.

BRANDON, Call ourMB. toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay weeks and get 2 weeks free! SATURDAY AUGUST 18,for 32012 1-800-782-0794. 9:00am Looking for a hand around the farm? Place a help

Manitoba Co-operator classifieds, 1-800-782-0794.

For inFormation call Sean at 204-890-3080 roSS taylor auction Pl # 909917

(Material Distribution Agency) At 20 -1st. St. S Building #208 Beausejour, MB

For Photos, Complete Descriptions & More Info, pleasevisit visit Website or or CallCall Info, please Website

1-800-667-2075

this will be a very large sale with much more than listed

For The Province of Manitoba

Moved and One Industrial Building to be Left on Site. AUCTIONLocated FEATURES: North EdgeClad, of Russell, MB Building #1 • 40 Ft. xon150 Ft. Metal Pole, Insulated Building

Three Industrial Buildings to (To beBe Moved w/ Doors on Both Sides, Concrete Footings Moved)and • BuildBuilding #1 •40 Ft. x 150 Ft. Metal Clad, Pole, Insulated Building w/ One Industrial Building to be Left on Site. ing #2 • 40 Ft. x 100 Ft. Metal Clad, Insulated Building w/ Doors on Doors on Both Sides, Concrete Footings (To Be Moved) Building #2 Both Sides, Concrete (To Be Moved) • Building #3 Both • 30 onFootings North Edge of Russell, MBon •40 Ft. xLocated 100 Ft. Metal Clad, Insulated Building w/ Doors x 70 Ft. Framed, Goodon Building Package, Metal Clad, Insulated Sides, Concrete Footings (To Be Moved) Building #3 •30 x 70 Ft. Building w/Doors on Both Sides, Concrete Lumber Building #1 • 40 Ft. x 150 Ft. Metal Clad,Footings/Treated Pole, Insulated Insulated Building Framed, Goodon Building Package, Metal Clad, (To Be Moved) • Building #4 with Highway Frontage w/ Doors on on Both Sides, (To Be Moved) Buildw/Doors Sides, Concrete Concrete Footings Footings/Treated Lumber• on (To 2.5 Be +/Acres • 50 x 150 Ft. Commercial/Agricultural Building w/ 3-Phase ing #2 • 40 Ft. x 100 Ft. Metal Clad, Insulated Building w/ Doors on Moved) Building #4 with Highway Frontage on 2.5 +/- Acres •50 &xBoth Single Phase Power, Footings Natural Gas, Well Water, 2Single BathConcrete (To Be Moved) Building • 30 150 Sides, Ft. Commercial/Agricultural Building w/• Plumbed 3-Phase for &#3 x 70 2Ft. Framed, Goodon Building Package, Metal Insulated rooms, Overhead Doors, Pole, Insulated, Concrete Floor Phase Power, Natural Gas,Metal Well Clad, Water, Plumbed for Clad, 2 Bathrooms, 2 Building w/Doors on Both Sides, Concrete Footings/Treated Overhead Doors, Metal Clad, Pole, Insulated, Concrete Floor Lumber (To Be Moved) • Building #4 with Highway Frontage on 2.5 ForFor Viewing Appointments: Viewing Appointments: +/- Acres • 50 x 150 Ft. Commercial/Agricultural Building w/ 3-Phase Call Cindy @ (204)773-7888 or (204)821-5075 Cindy @Natural (204)773-7888 (204)821-5075 & SingleCall Phase Power, Gas, Wellor Water, Plumbed for 2 Bathrooms, Overhead Doors, Metal Clad, Pole, Insulated, Concrete Floor For 2Photos, Complete Descriptions & More

Sale includeS: *Collector tractors *JD 730 *JD 60 *Cockshutt 80, *3 – JD- D’s *2- JD *AR’s *JD BR *Case VA *JD R *2 – JD – A’s *MH 101 *JD – H *JD – B *McCormick BN *2 Fords *IH W4 *IH B275 *Model a’s and Model t’s for restoration *Plus a large quantity of other tractors, parts, stationary engines, farm equipment, grain trucks, antiques and household

wanted ad in the classifieds. Call 1-800-782-0794.

DIRECTIONS: Sale will be held at Fraser Auction Service Ltd. sales yard ¼ mile AUCTION SALES north ofAUCTION the junctionSALES of highways #1 & #10 on Wheatbelt Road. Brandon, MB Manitoba Auctions – Westman

Manitoba Auctions – Westman

THIS SALE WILL FEATURE: *Farm Equipment *Industrial Equipment *Trucks & Trailers *Livestock Handling Equipment *Vehicles *Lawn & Leisure *Shop Equipment & Tools *3pt & Acreage Equipment *GovernmentSALES SurplusAND *PlusINFORMATION misc. Pallet Lots SEE hitch FUTURE ADS FOR MORE UPCOMING & more *Note: Collector Toys - complete DISPERSAL for ESTATE OF STAN LAWSON (Killarney, MB)

UPCOMING OCTOBER SALES

COMPLETE FARM EQUIPMENT DEALERSHIP RETIREMENT LIQUIDATIONS FOR TWEED FARM EQUIPMENT MEDORA, MB. - TUESDAY OCTOBER 23, 2012 9:00 AM

ANNUAL END OF SEASON FALL CONSIGNMENT SALE Call our office now to consignYARD to this at FRASER AUCTION

very MB. well- attended BRANDON, SATURDAYconsignment OCTOBER 20,auction. 2012 9:00 AM

1-800-483-5856 or E-Mail office@fraserauction.com Deadline for all Consignments and Receiving Items for the MORE EQUIPMENT IS BEINGSale ADDED TO THIS12th, SALE 2012 DAILY! Annual Fall Consignment is October For updatedlist list with with Foraaweekley weekly updated full full details details and and pictures pictures go go to: www.fraserauction.com www.fraserauction.com

FRASER AUCTION SERVICE 1-800-483-5856 www.fraserauction.com Not responsible for errors in description. Subject to additions or deletions. Property owner and Fraser Auction Service not responsible for any accidents occurring. GST & PST where applicable. TERMS: Cash or cheque. NOTE: cheques of $50,000 or more must be accompanied by bank letter of credit.

Ross Taylor Auction Service 204-877-3834 For full listing and photos www.rosstaylorauction.com MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Acreage Auction Arnold Miller Mon., Oct. 8th, 11:00am Libau, MB. Jct #59 Hwy & 42 North Thru Town 1.5-mil then West 1/2-mi on Rd 87 #31707. Auction Note: Moving to Town & No Longer Need these Items. 3-hr Auction- Some Items Not Running from Sitting. Contact: (204)766-2280. Tractors: MF 165 gas HL PSteering 3PH Dual hyd 540 PTO w/MF FEL, 5,566-hrs; Ferguson TE20 gas 3PH PTO; Equip, Modern & Vintage: NH 469 9-ft. Haybine; NH 1002 Sq Baler; Vers 103 15-ft. Swather nr; 1945 MH No 1 Special Sq Baler w/Wise Engine; MF 36 Side Del Rake; MF 12-ft. Discer Seeder; M Moline 6-ft. One Way; Case 3B Plow; Int 2B Plow; Int 12-ft. Cult on Steel; Grain Crusher; Pencil Auger; Vehicles & Trailers: 92 Ford Tempo 4D 122,000-km, Kept Indoors, Sft; 73 Ford Ranchero Squire, Original Cond, S#3A49F150013; Single Snowmobile Trailer; Single Animal Stock Trailer; Yard & Rec: 83 Moto Ski Mirage 2 Snowmobile 607; Crafts 10-HP 26-in. R Mower; Crafts Self Prop Push Mower; Gas Weed Eater; Hand Yard Tools; Fishing Rods; Binoculars; Tools & Misc: Wisc Engine; Fuel Tank & Metal Stand; 8x10-ft. Shed on Skids; Brooder Lights; 2) Fencers 1) Elec 1) Battery; Roll Chain Link Fence; Buffalo Drill Press; Beaver Table Saw; Floor Jack; Vise; Various Hand Tools; Some Power Tools; Bench Grinder; Sockets; Wrenches; Antiques: Dry Sink; Tub Stand; Maple Rocking Chai; Plant Stand; Beveled Mirror; Regulator Clock; Sleigh; Household: Dryer; Dresser; Open Book Case; Elec Organ; Various Household; Flour Grist; Guns: Savage, Model 34A, BA, Cal 30-30, w/Scope; Savage, Model 269, PA, Cal 12 ga; USSR, BA, Cal 22; Crossman, Mark I, Hand Pellet Gun; Some Hunting Related Items. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 www.mcsherryauction.com Do you want to target Manitoba farmers? Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator. Manitoba’s best-read farm publication. If you want to sell it fast, call 1-800-782-0794.

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Auction Estate of Paul “Norman” Nielsen Saturday, September 29th 10:00am Anola, MB. East on Highway 15, 8 miles then South on Road 302 #54009. Contact: (204)257-4073. RM of Springfield: Parcel 1: Starting Bid $152,900 Roll #532010, 39.01-acs, Hayfield & Sheltered Yard Site- Well & Septic Field; House 1931 Poor Condition- Barn 7,200-sq.ft. approx 1950 w/10 yr old Sheet Metal Roof; Quanset 1970s 3,200-sq.ft. Metal Construction w/Concrete Floor Wired; 2) Hay Sheds 1) 1987, 3,040-sq.ft. Pole Structure & Sheet Metal; 2) 2002, 5,000-sq.ft. Pole Structure & Sheet Metal; Other Smaller Older Buildings Parcel 2: Starting Bid $95,000 Roll #532800, 119.27-acs, Hayfields & Bush Potential for 2) 5-ac Yard Sites Parcel 3: Starting Bid $101,000 Roll #532500 & 532900, 220.46-acs, Hayfields & Bush Potential for 3) 5-ac Yard Sites RM of Tache: Parcel 4: Starting Bid $46,900 Roll #205300, 38.52-acs, Hayland Parcel 5: Starting Bid $48,600 Roll #204400 65.36-acs, Hayland & Bush Potential 1) 5-acs Yard Site Parcel 6: Starting Bid $28,000 Roll #204700 5-acs Original Gravel Site w/Bordering Text Property Auction Off Individually Sale Day a Non Refundable Deposit of $7,500 per Parcel Certified Cheque Balance 1 month of Possession Delivery Crawler & Tractors: Int TD 20 Hyd Dozer; 1990 Ford 5610 HL 3PH 540 PTO Dual Hyd 1,805-hrs, Exc Cond; Int 1086 Cab 3PH 540/1000 Dual Hyd; Ford 800 Gas 3 PH PTO; Ford 800 Gas HM Cab 3 PH PTO (trans problem); Ford 8N Gas 3 PH PTO; 7-ft. Bucket for FEL; Pallet Forks for FEL; Haying Equip: NH 1069 Gas Auto Bale Wagon; NH 1037 Auto Bale Wagon; NH 495 12-ft. Haybine; 6) MF 124 Square Balers 2) Working 4) as is; Ford 501 3 PH 9-ft. Sickle Mower; Dearborn Side Delivery Rake; Square Bale Forks & Grapple; 2) Deereborn 3PH 6-ft. Sickle Mower; MF 10 Square Baler Grain Equip: MF 510 Gas Combine & Shedded; Amco Int. 1830 10-ft. Offset Disc; AC 2300 15-ft. Tandem Disc; Ford 208 3PH 12-ft. Cult; AC 14-ft. Deep Tiller; Pony Cart Harrows; Int. 28 Run End Wheel Seed Drill; Mac Don 18-ft. PU Reel; 6-in. 28-ft. Auger; Grain Screener Misc Equip: 3 PH 5-ft. Spring Tine Harrows; 3 PH Scraper w/Trip; 3 PH V Style Snowblower; Calonet Model 1180 Honey Wagon; 3PH Deerborn Disc Logging Equip: Tree Farmer Bush Skidsteer; Saw Mill 36-ft. Rail AC Model 3500 DSL Power Unit; Yates 108 4 Sided Planer 13-SPD Clutch System Gas Powered; Range from 1x4-in. 8x10-in. w/Chip Collector System; Custom Built Log Saddle Making Machine, Cuts, Drills & Sizes; 6-ft. W 32-ft. L Sheet Metal Wood Kilm w/Outdoor Wood Furnace & Blower; Finished Lumber Lift Grapple; Metal Bander & Crimper Car, Tools & Misc: 90 Chrysler New Yorker 4D A/C 190,516-kms; 6-ft. Flat Deck Trailer; Metal Band Saw; Lincoln 250A Welder; Radial Arm Saw; Power Tools; Battery Charger; Hand Tools 3/4 Socket Set, Wrenches; Vise; Various Shop Items; Surveying Transit & Tripod; Cement Mixer; 2) 10-ft. Roller Conveyor; Badger Clockwise Over 350-ft. Barn Cleaner; Implement Tires; Fuel Tanks; Hot Water Rad Heater; Various Farm Misc; Scrap Items. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 www.mcsherryauction.com MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Auction Sale Wolfe Paslat Sun., Sept 30th, 11:00am Oakbank, MB. 1-mi North on Hwy #206 then West 1/2-mi on Hazelridge Rd. Contact: (204)444-4441. Bldings (to be moved): 2010 20x40-ft. Pipe Structure Canopy Quan Shed Walk Through & Drive In Doors; 2008 10x16-ft. Insulated Wired Addition Elec Heat; 2008 6x8-ft. Insulated Wired Porch; 60’s 14x70-ft. Mobile Home 3BR Central A/C 2 yr old Elec Furnace w/Appliances; 12x12-ft. Galv Sheet Metal Building; 10x24-ft. Canopy Car Port; Vehicles: 86 Ford XC 350 DSL 4x4 Ext Cab 198,000-km, ns; 96 VW Jetta DSL nr; 80s Pontiac Grand Prix in parts; Rec & Guns: Yerf Dog Dune Buggy; Dune Buggy (made from VW Beetle); Baja 125 Dirt Bike; 16-ft. Steel Boat; Guns: Cooey, Model: 64B SA, Cal 22; Gevarm SA, Cal: 22; Cooey Model 75, SS, Cal 22; Bushnell 20-60 mm Spotting Scope Yard: Husky 16-HP R Mower; Honda 4.5-HP 24-in. Sickle Mower; Wheel Barrow; Hand Yard Tools; Pedal Bike; Camping Items; Tools: 6-HP Upright Air Condition; Acetylene Torche w/Tanks; Port Air Comp; 800W Generator; Booster/Charger; Auto Body Power Pac; Table Saw; Stihl MS 290 Chain Saw; Bench Grinder; Power Drills; Ridget Shop Vac Misc: DC Fuel Transfer Pump; Loading Ramps; 3/4 Air Impact; Air Drill; Air Nailer; Jackal; Chain Ratchet; Tool Cabinet; Hand Tools; Wrenches; Tap & Die Set; Sockets; Drill Bits; Tiger Torche; Construction Heater; Lennox Gas Furnace; Propane Hot Water Tank; Locking Metal Cabinet; Household: Whirlpool Side by Side Fridge; Port Dish Washer; Interior A/C Unit; Window A/C Unit; Portable Heater; Household Furniture; Port DVD Player; Dressers; 2) Single Beds; Elec Cabinet Sewing Machine; Kitchen Items; Appliances; Chicken Rotisserie; Slow Cooker; Wine Making Equipment. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 www.mcsherryauction.com MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Building Supply Sat., Oct 6th 10:00am Stonewall, MB. #12 Patterson Dr. Detailed List on Web! New Lumber: 2 Semi Loads; Over 2000 Boards 2x4-in.; 2x6-in.; 2x8-in.; 8-ft. to 20-ft.; Some Treated New Steel Cladding: Approx 13,500-sq.ft. Various Colours & Sizes; Trusses: Approx 250 from 6-ft. to 20-ft. Fences: Posts & Wire Home Material: 30 new Windows; Interior & Ext Windows; Storm Doors; OH Garage Doors; Hardwood Flooring; Ceiling Cove & Decorative Disc; 1) 3 pc Tub; Jacuzzi Tubs; Lge Amt Elec Supply Panels; Conduit Pipe; Connector Fittings; Interior Outdoor Lights; Trencher & Trailer: Ditch Witch R 38 Gas 4WD; 6-ft. Trencher w/64in. Dozer; Davis 7 Plus 2 8-HP Walk Behind Trencher; H.M.B. Hitch 14-in. Flatdeck Tandem Trailer; 20-ft. Pup Freight Trailer (Storage; Fruehauf 40-ft. Semi Trailer w/Working Reefer Tractor & Equip: Ferguson T20 3PH PTO; 3PH Ferg 3B Plow; 3PH Ferg 7-ft. Sickle; 3PH 7-ft. Cult; 6-ft. Single Disc; Cadet 42-in. Snowblower Attach; Jacobson 4 cyl DSL 12-ft. Mower w/minor fire damage on engine; Push Gas Mower Tools & Misc: 2) Generators 1) 1750W Generator; Rigid 300 Power Threader; 225A Welder; Drill Press; Power Hack Saw; Air Comp; Table Saw; Chain Saw; Rotary Hammer 1) Milwaukee 1) Remington; Hilti Power Tools; Drills; Power Tools; Pipe Bender; Vise; Clamps; Roller Stand; Hyd Jacks; Stabilizing Jacks; Socket Set; Tiger Torch; Tap & Die Set; Shop Supplies; Rolls Wire; Rope; Cable Household: Office 2 Drawer Cabinet; 4 Lab Desks; Office Chairs; 10,000 BTU A/C; Bar Fridge; Fax Machine. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)886-7027 www.mcsherryauction.com Round up the cash! Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Manitoba Co-operator classifieds.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake

MCSHERRY AUCTION SERVICE LTD Farm Auction Philip & Monique Nikkel Sat., Oct 13th, 10:00am. Lundar, MB. South 7-mi on Hwy 6 then East 7.5-mi on Road 229. Auction Note: They have ventured into a New Business! Check it out! prairieflagandpole.com So the Farm has been Rented Out Low hours & Well Kept Items! Contact: (204)739-3102 or (204)762-5504. (Private Selling25% Sale Day Discount on Flags & Poles) Tractors: Kubota M110 MFWA Cab A/C Power Shift 3-PH 540/1000 Dual hyd w/Kubota M960 FEL, 5,033-hrs; Kubota M 9000 MFWA 3-PH 540 PTO Dual hyd w/Kubota M940 FEL, 1,905-hrs; Kubota M5400 MFWA Canopy 3PH 540 PTO Hyd w/Kubota M310 FEL, 2,304-hrs; Dietz DX 6.30 Cab 3PH 540/1000 Dual hyd 18.4x38 Duals, 5,001-hrs; Case 995 H.L. 3-PH 540 PTO hyd 6,368-hrs; 2) AC B Tractors 1) Hyd PTO Pulley 1) 1939 PTO Pulley Hand Brakes; Allied Grapple; Stone Forks For FEL; AC Belly Mount Cult Haying & Misc Equip: 4-ft. H 15-ft. W 3/4-in. Thick Land Roller w/Grass See Attach; Hayliner 2000 Auto Bale Wagon; Hesston 1265 Hyd. Swing 14-ft. Haybine, Exc Cond; NH 664 Autotie Round Baler; Sitrex 9 Wheel Hay Rake; 2) Int 100 Trailer 9-ft. Sickle Mowers; MF 9 Square Baler; 3-PH Swath Turner; Farmking 3-PH 8-ft. Blade; Custom Built 18-ft. 4 Wheel Hay Trailer; Grain Equip: Kelobilt 210 12-ft. Offset Disc; Morris Seedrite M-11-ft. Hoe Drills x2; JD 100 14-ft. Deep Tiller; Agri Box 18-ft. Tote Tank; Kendon Hopper Wagon; Westfield TR 80 51-ft. Auger PTO; Westfield 7-in. 41-ft. Gas Auger; Allied 6-in. 30-ft. PTO Auger; Int. 275 14-ft. Gas Swather nr; 3PH 36-ft. Sprayer; MM 24 Run Seeder; Pencil Auger Livestock Equip & Hay: 205) 2012 Crop Timothy Alfalfa Mix Rd Bales; 93 Sokal Fifth Wheel 20-ft. Stock Trailer; Tube Line Model TL 5500 Auto Bale Wrapper; Bale King 3100 1000 PTO Bale Processors; 50) Metal Hse Stalls; 3-PH hyd Bale Spinner; 3-PH Bale Forks; SS 500-Gal Bulk Tank; Mueller Matic Auto Wash; 2) Metal 500 Bus Port Self Feeders w/Creep Panels; 25) 10-ft. & 12-ft. Metal Panels; 5) 10-ft. Metal Bunk Feeders; 5) Rd Bale Feeders; 3) Calf Shelters 8x16-ft., 8x12-ft. Galv. Tin Roofs; Reyden Maternity Pen; Set of Double Work Harness; Single Drive Harness; Horse Items: 3 Bench Seat Hse Wagon; Bob Sleigh w/Deck; 3) Western Saddles; Pony Saddle; English Saddle; Grooming Access; Halters; Bridles; 2) 24-in. Collars; Rifle Tranquilizer Gun; Stock Doctor; Medi Equip; Burdizzos; Dehorner; Hoof Trimmers; 25) Fence Posts; 25) Corral Posts; Fencing Tools; Barb Wire Truck & Trailers: Chev 2500 Cheyenne DSL 4x4 Ext. Cab, 277,000-km Sft; 69 GMC c/30 Dually w/9-ft. B&H; 08 H&H Bumper Hitch 5x8-ft. Enclosed Trailer; 91 Pontiac GTS Grand Prix ns Yard, Rec & Guns: 2011 Cub Cadet Z Force hyd 24-HP 54-in., 46-hrs; Honda FR 600 Rear Tine Tiller; Metal Tilt Yard Trailer; Metal Tilt ATV Trailer; 93 Skidoo Safari 340cc, 3,769-mi; Harley Davidson Gas 3 Wheel Golf Cart nr; Pedal Bikes; Compound Bow; Hand Yard Tools; Guns: Mauser, BA, Cal; 30-06 Sportizer; Remington,Woodmaster, Model 742, SA, Cal 30-06; Traditions, Black Powder, 50 Cal Bee Equip Leafcutter Pinmatic Stripper; 180 Incubation Trays w/Screens; 1000) 3.5x40-in. Metal Sides for Nesting Material; 500) Backs for 40x12-in. Blocks; Misc: Leafcutter Pinmatic Stripper; New 3-HP Granary Aeration Fan; 6) Bags Timothy Seed; 305 Engine; Set of Walking Axles w/100020 Tires; New 12.4x24 Tractor Tire; 2) 300-Gal Fuel Tanks; 650Gal Poly Tank; 12V ATV Sprayer; 42-in. 200-ft. Conveyor Belting; 2,000-lb Pressure Washer; Welding Material; 1x2-in. Tubing up to 24-ft.; 16-in.x20-ft. Poly Culvert; Various Lumber- 2x6-in., 2x8-in., 2x10-in. up to 10-ft. fir; New 15 KW Electric Boiler; Reddy Heater; Pressure Tank; Home Repair Items; Toledo 1000-lb Platform Scale; Metal Shelving; Pallet Rack; Pipe Rack Scrap: Various; 71 Buick Le Sabre 2 Dr. Tools: Upright Port 5-HP Air Comp; Lincoln 250A Welder; Solar 230A Welder; Floor Drill Press; Bench Grinder on Stand; Hyd. Pipe Bender; 4000W Generator; 10-in. Laser Radial Arm Saw; Stihl 034 Chain Saw; Pedestal Tire Changer; 2.25-Ton Floor Jack; Jackal; Power Tools; Air Tools; Airhose Reel; Hand Tools; Shop Supply Household: Some Household Items; Couch & Chair; Treadmill; Patio Set. Stuart McSherry (204)467-1858 or (204)8867027 www.mcsherryauction.com

MEYERS AUCTION 9:00am Sun., Sept 30th, 2012. LIVING ESTATE of L. HOLUBOWICH 565 Poneida Rd, Winnipeg, MB. At the junction of the North Perimeter & McPhillips Street (Hwy 8) head North to the first set of stop lights (Grassmere Road), Turn East down Grassmere Rd & continue to Poneida Road & then turn South. The auction site is on the west side of the road. VIEWING AUCTION DAY ONLY- THANKS. INDUSTRIAL EQUIP & VEHICLES SELL ABOUT 1:00PM NOTE: MOST OF THE EQUIPMENT & VEHICLES HAVE NOT RUN FOR YEARS. IT MAY TAKE SOME WORK TO GET THEM GOING. IF IT RUNS WE WILL NOTE IT. A LOT WILL SELL FOR THE PARTS ON THE EQUIPMENT OR FOR SCRAP. White Series 55 Tractor, Dual Hyd, RUNS; MF Hydrostatic 711B Skid Steer; 3) IHC Crawlers- 1 Drott TD6 & 2 Others; Itasca Motor Home w/Onan 4.0 BFA Generator; Power Cement Trowel & Power Cement Screeder. INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT: 3) 45-ft. Sea Can Storage Containers; Fruehauf 45-ft. Semi Trailer; AC 816 Backhoe Loader; MF 202 Tractor w/ARPS Trench Hog Model TH Trencher; TCI Inc Bucket Loader, Mod 551A; Hyster Mod S50XL Fork Lift, 3 Stage Mast; IHC Mobile Concrete Breaker; Buckets & Attachments; Mortar & Cement Mixers; Hyd Shop Press; Cement Power Trowel; 1997 Hino 3-Ton w/Crane Picker; Ingersol Rand Air Compressor; O’Brien Sewerking Sewer & Pipe Line Cleaning Machine w/Wisconsin Engine; Vermeer M437 Trenching Machine; IHC Yard Fork Lift; JD 301-W Tractor; MF 750 Combine; Grain Truck Boxes; Fertilizer Box; 3) Field Cultivators; Grain Augers; Swather; Fuel & Water Tanks; Tandem Axel Equipment Trailer; Gas Bowsers; Sand Blasting Cabinet; SKIDSTEER ATTACHMENTS: as new Bale Prong; 3) as new Pallet Forks; as new Tree Moving Bucket. VEHICLES: 1994 Geo Metro; Tarus L Station Wagon; 1990 Chev Lumina; 97 Buick LeSabre; 95 Ford F150; 93 Ford F150; GMC DSL; 5-Ton Truck; Ford F100 1-Ton Truck; Ford F150 XL; Dodge 350 Custom; Sunbird SE Convertible; Ford F 150 XLT; 82 IHC S1700 School Bus- Camperized; 75 GMC 24-ft. Motorhome; 86 Ford F150 XLT; Chev C65 Truck, Tandem Axel; Ford F150 XL; Chev 1500; Mobile Home on GM Chassis; Tent Trailer Shells; 8-ft. Truck Camper; Single Axel Trailer; Bolens & other Garden Tractors; Harley Davidson Golf Cart; Truck Topper; Tandem Axel Dump Trailer. TOOLS: APPLIANCES, FURNITURE & HOUSEHOLD: As new Double Pane Windows; 4 Wheel Dollies; BX & Electrical Wire; MUCH, MUCH MORE! TWO RINGS SELLING FOR THE DAY- BRING YOUR LAWN CHAIRS. ALL ITEMS SOLD AS IS WHERE IS. LISTING IS A GUIDE ONLY SUBJECT TO CHANGE & ERRORS. SUBJECT TO ADDITIONS & DELETIONS. Meyers Auctions & Appraisals, Arden, MB. Bradley Meyers Auctioneer (204)368-2333 or (204)476-6262 cell. Detailed List & Pictures at meyersauctions.com

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Red River

FARM MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT CONSIGNMENT AUCTION SAT., OCTOBER 13th 10:00 AM Location: 218 Brandt St. Steinbach, MB

Partial List: • 2006 Kenworth T300, Auto Transmission, Hydraulic Brakes, Air Ride, Air Suspension 501,337KM 1 Owner, Safetied • Flatdeck Gooseneck Trailer 21,000LB GVWR w/ Beaver Tail • 2012 22ft. Gooseneck Livestock Trailer • Cat DP40 Fork Lift 8000LB, 11ft,, 84HP Diesel • Razer 20KW Diesel Generator GF3-20 •15000 Watt PTO Generator • 46ft Wilson HD 5th Wheel Hay Trailer w/ Converter

CALL NOW TO CONSIGN!! DEADLINE FOR CONSIGNMENTS OCT 5 WATCH FOR UPDATED LIST AT www.pennerauctions.com

Sale Conducted by: PENNER AUCTION SALES LTD. 218 Brandt St, Steinbach, MB Toll Free 1-866-512-8992 www.pennerauctions.com We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Manitoba Cooperator classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800-782-0794. Go public with an ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifieds. Phone 1-800-782-0794.

AUCTION SALES Auctions Various

AUCTION SALES Auctions Various

UPCOMING UNRESERVED PUBLIC AUCTION WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 3, 2012 @ 9AM 445 SOFTLEY ROAD, WINNIPEG, MB R2J 0R7

AUCTION SALES U.S. Auctions

AUCTION SALES U.S. Auctions

LARGE FARM EQUIPMENT ESTATE AUCTION Thursday, October 4, 2012 – 11:00 am

Directions: From Rolla, ND: 9 miles East on Hwy 5 to Armodale Dam sign, then 1 mile south. Owners: Wesley Juntunen Estate (701-477-3046 or 701-871-1942) Auctioneers Note: Wesley Juntunen was a well known lifetime farmer of the Rolla area. There are some excellent pieces of equipment on this auction. Hope to see you there. Lunch will be served!

TRACTORS & SKIDSTEER *1995 9680 Ford/ Versatile 4wd, 20.8 42 band duals (50% original tires) 4 hyd plus return, 6,090 hrs *4450 JD 2wd tractor, 18.4 38 radial hub duals, (insides like new), factory 3pt, 4 hyd, quad range, 265 loader w/ grapple, 8,200 hrs *3020 gas JD 2wd tractor w/ 48 JD loader, single hyd, good tires, power shift, nice *830 JD diesel 2wd tractor, (3) brand new tires, 12 v start, nice shape, power steering *IHC H Farm-all tractor, PTO, fenders, belt pulley *2007 model S175 Skid steer Bob Cat, 2 buckets, diesel, 350 actual hrs TRUCKS AND VEHICLES *1979 Ford Louisville model 800 tandem grain truck, twin screw, 20’ Cancade super box w/ complete swing out gate, 10:00 20’s, 475 gas, 5 + 2, 96,000 miles *1975 Chev dually service pickup, fully equipped w/ tanks, pump, air compressor, welder TILLAGE * 2005 41’ ST 830 New Holland/ Flexicoil chisel plow, floating hitch, 4 front stabilizer wheels, 3 bar heavy duty harrows, outstanding condition -48’ JD model 1050 field cultivator w/harrows *31’ JD model 1610 chisel plow w/ 3 bar Summers *6 Bottom JD 3600 plow *70 Morris super harrow, nice *20’ Melroe chisel AIR SEEDER *39’ Flexicoil 2320 air seeder, fully equipped with model 5000 seeding tool, 7 ¼” space, rubber press, carbide eagle beaks, self contained auger, nice shape SWATHERS & AUGERS *2001 25’ MacDon pt swather, finger reel, nice shape *2002 Brandt model 1070 (10”x70’) swing away auger *6”x30’ Brandt auger w/ 16 HP Briggs *8”x46’ Westfield auger w/ twin cylinder Honda, Wheat heart bin sweep *(3) Westfield hyd drill fills, hinged *22’ 4400 Versatile swather w/ gas engine *20’ 400 Versatile swather *Brandt 4000 grain vac, fully equipped, nice TRAILERS & GRAVITY WAGON *2009 20’ heavy duty tandem axle car trailer *16’ tandem axle car trailer, has corrugated steel bed *2 place snowmobile trailer *Rainbow single axle utility trailer *500 bu. Killbros gravity wagon, large flotation tires LAWN & GARDEN *Simplicity 22 HP lawn tractor, hydro, complete w/ mower deck *Troy built rear tine garden tiller *12 volt yard sprayer for ATV OTHER MISC. EQUIPMENT *Lindsay model 580 PTO grain dryer w/ transport wheels *6’ PTO 3 pt heavy duty rotary tiller, like new *Buhler 3 pt model 960 PTO snowblower w/ hyd chute, used little *Degelman reel type rock picker -JD 9’ model 1209 hay conditioner w/ rubber roller *Rock bucket for JD loader *3 pt bale fork *Hopper on 4 wheel running gear *Honda 3000 psi pressure washer *Kirchner hyd. V ditcher *Many others misc items- tools, parts, equipment, etc. that you would find on a grain farm occupied for a lifetime ANTIQUES *Antique IHC stationary engine *“Radiant Estate” antique parlor stove, very old, impossible to find, nice shape *Saddle & some misc tack *Large bank safe, double door TANKS AND HOPPER BINS *2000 gal fuel tank w/ gasboy pump *(2) 1500 Lode King hopper bins *1000 gal gas tank w/ gasboy pump *500 gal propane tank *Large oil compartment w/ pump

WWW.LVGAUCTIONS.COM

FARM MACHINERY FARM MACHINERY Grain Bins

CUSTOM BIN MOVING Book now! Fert Tanks. Hopper Bins/flat. Buy/Sell. Call Tim (204)362-7103 or E-mail Requests binmovers@hotmail.com

Two 19’ Bins - 4700 bushels per bin Four 21’ Bins - 5900 bushels per bin (with .094 aeration floors).

ONLY $1500 A PIECE!

Located in the Oakville area come and get ‘em! Contact Dave, Blaine or Ron at Wall Grain at 204-269-7616 for more information.

MANY TOOLS & SHOP ITEMS TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION Visit our web site at www.midwestauctions.com/dakota OR www.globalauctionguide.com OR call Auction Company for a sale bill. Your North Central North Dakota Auction Leader, Dakota Auctioneers, Larry Swenson

Ag Land & Farm Equipment Auctions, Lic # 508, 525 Main St., Cando ND 58324, 701-968-4224

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Roofing

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions DELL & EILEEN HENDERSON Auction. Sat., Oct. 6, 2012, 9:30am. 12-mi N of Jasmin, Ω-mi E. Kelliher, SK. CONTACT:(306)675-4433. TRACTORS: JD 4640 dsl: Cab, quad, dual hyd., 20.8 x 28 duals, w/heavy Eeze-on loader, bucket, grapple, joystick GOOD; Case 2290 dsl, cab, w/JD 148 loader (good 18.4 x 34 tires, could be running by sale time). COMBINE: IHC 1482 PTO Combine: pickup. SEEDING: Morris 34-ft Direct air seeder: knives, packers, w/Morris 6130 air tank, auger, hyd. Drive (needs air hoses). TILLAGE: JD 41-ft Deep tillage w/harrows; CCIL #279 36-ft cultivator & harrows; CCIL 36-ft deep tillage; JD 10-ft deep tillage; Morris L240 24-ft cultivator & harrows. STONE PICKERS: Degelman ground drive; Right way #2000 stone rake - good. AUGERS: 10x60 PTO auger: hyd. Lift; 7x36 Westfield auger: 7.5hp electric motor. TRUCK: 1970’s 2-ton F500 grain truck: 14-ft wood box & hoist, 2-spd, 2 wheel truck box trailer: hyd.; 1982 Chev dsl, auto. MISC. EQUIPMENT: 8 1/2x22 bale wagon w/hyd.; 2- 4 wheel wagons; JD 21-ft PTO swather; blade & frame; 3 Ω yard cement mixer. CATTLE EQUIPMENT: 30-40 panel gates; round bale feeders; 3 bale feeder; 400-ft chain link fence; FEL Post Hole Auger; Electric fence supplies, vet supplies, posts, etc. PLUS: misc. shop, yard, household, etc. NOTE: Dell & Eileen are selling the farm. Main tractors look good. Visit www.ukrainezauction.com for updated listing & pictures.

AUTO & TRANSPORT

PRICE TO CLEAR!! 75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from. B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2

Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2

Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.2 Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW

FOUILLARD STEEL SUPPLIES LTD. ST. LAZARE, MB. 1-800-510-3303

BUILT RIGHT. ON TIME. FARM MACHINERY Grain Dryers NEW MC DRYERS IN STOCK w/canola screens 300-2,000 BPH units. Why buy used, when you get new fuel efficient & better quality & control w/MC. Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

24’ Continuous Flow NECO Grain Dryer with 25 HP fan and gen set (needs some work).

GREAT FOR CORN!

Includes 8 x 3700 bushel bins with canola floors and unload augers with u-trough auger on top of bins. Contact Dave, Blaine or Ron at Wall Grain at 204-269-7616 for more information.

$36,000 OBO

BUILDINGS AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website: www.postframebuilding.com CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069.

AUTO & TRANSPORT Auto & Truck Parts REMANUFACTURED DSL ENGINES: GM 6.5L $4,750 installed; Ford/IH 7.3L $4950 installed; GM Duramax/Ford 6.0L, $8,500 installed; new 6.5L engines $6500; 24V 5.9L Cummins, $7,500 installed; other new/used & reman. engines available. Thickett Engine Rebuilding, 204-532-2187, Binscarth. 8:00am-5:30pm Mon.-Fri.

AUTO & TRANSPORT Trucks 1995 FREIGHTLINER, NEW SAFETY, 3406 CAT, $14,000; 1994 Freightliner, 60 series engine, $8,000; 1988 Chevy 3/4-Ton 6.2 DSL, lots of new parts, $1,000; 1989 Cadillac Fleetwood, $1,600; Tractors: Oliver 77 DSL, good collectors item, runs nice, $2,800; MF 1100 w/loader & dozer, $3,200; 350 Chevy engine, $350; 1,000-gal fuel tank, clean, $600. (204)824-2239. DODGE 2007 6.7 DSL, heavy duty sport, 4x4, 20in. rims, 35-in. tires, H&S chip, 1 owner, excellent condition, $20,000 OBO. Phone (204)385-3646 WANTED: FORD LOUISVILLE OR Sterling grain truck. Must be clean, rust free & low kms. Phone (204)222-8785.

AUTO & TRANSPORT Semi Trucks & Trailers

2007 International 9400i 6x4 Cat C15, 475 HP, 12000/40000, 18 Speed Eaton Fuller O/D, Air Brakes, 72" Hi Rise Sleeper Cab. 999000 KMS. Contact Barb or Tom (204)745-6747 ext 117. brankin@mymts.net

DEAN KIRK CELL: (289) 808-4489 TOLL FREE: (800) 340-7606 DEAN.KIRK@LVGAUCTIONS.COM

HYD PULL SCRAPERS, 6-40-YDS caterpillar A.C./LePlant, LeTourneau, etc. PT & direct mount available. Bucyrus Erie, 20-yds, cable, $5000. PT motor grater $14,900; tires available. Phone: (204)822-3797. Morden, MB.

BIG BINS & FLOORS at old prices, 20,000-56,000bu. bins holding prices until spring. NEW MOISTURE CABLES! Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

2006 International 9400i 6x4 CAT C15, 475HP, 12000/40000, 18 Speed Eaton Fuller O/D, Air Brakes, 72" Hi-Rise Sleeper Cab, new 11R22.5 Tires. 1.2 KMs. Well kept. Contact Barb or Tom (204)745-6747 ext 117. brankin@mymts.net

CRUSHERS, EXCAVATORS, WHEEL LOADERS, LOADER BACKHOES, SCREENING EQUIPMENT, ROCK TRUCKS, ASHPHALT/ CONCRETE EQUIPMENT, DUMP/ FLATDECK TRUCKS, INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT, BUSES AND MORE!!! ACCEPTING CONSIGNMENTS NOW FOR A COMPLETE LIST OF INVENTORY VISIT CONTACT YOUR LOCAL LVG REPRESENTATIVE WWW.PROXIBID.COM/LVG

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

BUSINESS SERVICES BUSINESS SERVICES Crop Consulting

BUILT RIGHT. ON TIME.

FARM CHEMICAL SEED COMPLAINTS

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Baling

We also specialize in: Crop Insurance appeals; Chemical drift; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equipment malfunction; Yield comparisons, Plus Private Investigations of any nature. With our assistance the majority of our clients have received compensation previously denied. Back-Track Investigations investigates, documents your loss and assists in settling your claim. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For more information Please call 1-866-882-4779

CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 2007 621D CASE WHEEL loader, 3 yd bucket, ride control, VGC. Call (204)447-0184. C4 SKIDDER TREE FARMER, $8,000. Tire size 18.4 x 26 diesel, everything works. Phone: (204)376-2422 or (204)642-2424. CASE 450 CRAWLER DOZER, 6-way blade, $17,500. Cat 931 crawler loader, P.S. trans, pedal steer, good undercarriage, $13,500. www.waltersequipment.com (204)525-4521.

BUILDINGS

1999 CASE IH 8370 14-ft haybine, www.waltersequipment.com (204)525-4521.

$3900.

2001 AGCO NEW IDEA 7233 3x3 square baler, 27,000 bales, always shedded. Phone (204)567-3720. NH BR7090 2009 BALER, endless belts, wide PU, auto-wrap, big tires, always shedded, less than 7000 bales, used 3 seasons. Phone:(204)388-4975. ROUND BALERS IN STOCK. JD 535; NH 648, 650, 664, 688 BR; 780-NI 4565 soft core 5x6. Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or go to www.reimerfarmequipment.com

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Swathers 1990 WESTWARD 3000 30-FT. PT swather, 160-acs on new guards & knife, Haukaas hitch spring, not used for 7 yrs, shedded, $4,500 OBO. (204)546-2021, cell (204)638-2513, Grandview, MB. 2000 PREMIER 2940 SWATHER, 2825-hrs, 30-ft 3 way canvas, PU reel, heater, A/C, Vern swath puller. Phone:(204)776-2047 cell (204)534-7458, Minto MB. Looking for a hand around the farm? Place a help wanted ad in the classifieds. Call 1-800-782-0794.

BUILDINGS

AUTO & TRANSPORT Vehicles Various OVER 200 VEHICLES LOTS OF DIESELS www.thoens.com Chrysler Dodge (800)667-4414 Wynyard, Sk.

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Lumber WINDBOARD: 1X6X8 Phone (204)263-2630.

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STRONGEST POSTS INDUSTRY-WIDE

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Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting for your call. 1-800-782-0794.

Toll Free:1-877-239-0730 www.mcdiarmid.com/farm


29

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Swathers

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories

2009 M-150 MACDON SWATHER D-60-S, fully loaded, 35-ft. header, 1,100-hrs, $110,000. Phone (204)522-5428, Deloraine, MB.

Harvest Salvage Co. Ltd.

2010 M-150 MACDON SWATHER D-60-S, fully loaded, 35-ft. header, 1,100-hrs, $115,000. Phone (204)522-5428, Deloraine, MB.

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Various 10X40-FT HEAVY DUTY HAY wagon, hauls 20 round or square bales, 10.00-20 tires, built from new steel, $4800, delivered. Phone:(204)325-6650.

Combines FARM MACHINERY Combine – Case/IH 1987 CASE IH 1680, 1015 head, Westward 388 PU, 3884 engine hours, grain & bean concaves, 30.5x32 tires, serviced, excellent shape, field ready. Phone:(204)265-3363.

9600 JD 1994 2,665 sep hrs, 914 PU, chaff spreader, fine cut chopper, 100-hrs on new bars & concave, yield & moisture, shedded, one owner, $57,000 OBO. (204)546-2021, cell (204)638-2513, Grandview, MB. FOR SALE: JD 7700 combine w/224 & 214 headers, 23x26 duals, almost floats! Always shedded. In family since new & now retiring, $6,500. (306)452-3743, cell (306)452-7245. 930 FLEX HEAD, 2 available w/carry air reel, $9900 & $13,900; 635 Hydroflex, $15,900. Also have Header trailers, 30-ft & 36-ft in stock. Phone:(204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

FARM MACHINERY Combine – Massey Ferguson 860 MF COMBINE 1983 Silver Cab, shedded, $5,500 OBO. Phone (204)966-3857. FOR SALE: 510 DIESEL. Runs well, but needs a bearing or two; some 750 parts, no engine; 2 tires on 8-bolt rims, fits 7720 etc. Firestone special Sure Grip 20.8x38 10p.r. Phone:(204)746-8428 or (204)746-0126. SUPER 92 MASSEY COMBINE, many refurbs, hinged chopper, pressurized cab, good sieves. Phone:(204)822-3649, Morden.

Combine ACCessories FARM MACHINERY Combine – Accessories 1998 JD 930 FLEX head, very nice, $11,000 OBO; 1993 JD 930 Flex, very good working cond. $6500 OBO. Both headers are ready for work. (204)373-2502, lv msg. Emerson. FLEX PLATFORMS IN STOCK. All makes, models, sizes. Have over 30 in stock at most times. 94 JD 925 good poly, PU teeth, new sickle $5,950; 97 JD 930 new poly, PU fingers, sickle $11,900; 98 JD 930 new poly, sickle, PU fingers, full finger auger $13,500; 97 JD 930 good poly, PU teeth, auger, air reel $13,900; 01 JD 930 new poly, PU teeth, sickle, full finger auger $16,900; 03 930 good poly, PU teeth, new sickle, full finger auger $15,900; 07 JD 630 like new, reduced to $24,900; 06 JD 635 AWS air bar, real nice head $24,900; 96-’04 CIH 1020 25-30 ft. models in stock w/ or w/o air reel; 07 CIH 2020 35-ft., good teeth, auger, poly, ready to go $22,900; 09 CIH 2020 35-ft. like new, paint still on auger $24,900. We deliver anywhere in Western Canada, right to your farm. Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or www.reimerfarmequipment.com FOR SALE: 1083 8-ROW 30-in. Case corn head, $8,000 OBO; Case 30-ft. Model 1010 straight cut header, $4,500 OBO; 30-ft. JD 930 straight cut header, $3,500 OBO. Phone (204)745-8334 or (204)745-8381, Carman, MB.

NEW & USED TRACTOR PARTS NEW COMBINE PARTS Large Inventory of new and remanufactured parts

STEINBACH, MB. Ph. 326-2443 Toll-Free 1-800-881-7727 Fax (204) 326-5878 Web site: farmparts.ca E-mail: roy@farmparts.ca FARM MACHINERY Salvage FARM MACHINERY FOR PARTS: COMBINES IHC 1682, 1482, 1480, 1460, 915, 914, 715, 403, 402, 150, MF 860, 760, 850, 751, 750, 550, 510, 410, 405; JD 7701, 7700,6601, 6600, 630, 96, 65; WHITE 8900, 8800, 8600, 8650, 7800, 5542, 545, 542, 431; NH TR95, TR85, TR70, 1500, 990, 980; Coop 9600, 960; Gleaner L2, N6, F, C2; VERS 2000, 42; Case 1600, 1060; FORD 642 BELARUS 1500 Don; SWATHERS VERS 4400, 400, 330, 103, 10; IHC 4000, 230, 210, 175, 201, 75; COOP 550, 500, 601; MF 655, 36, 35; JD 800, 290; NH 1090; WHITE 6200; COCKSHUTT 503 HESSTON 300. We also have parts for tractors, square & round balers, press drills, cultivators, sprayers, haybines, & misc machinery. We handle new & rebuilt parts for tractors & combines. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727, toll free 1-877-858-2728. GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB.

Spraying EquipmEnt FARM MACHINERY Sprayers 2001 NH SF550 SPRAYER equivalent to Rogator 554, 2,300-hrs, 5.9 Cummins, 660-gal. SS tank, 90ft. booms, pressure washer, chem inductor. Triple nozzle bodies w/5 & 10-gal tips, 2 sets of tires, 23.1x26 & 9.5R44, excellent condition, $68,000. (204)763-8896, Minnedosa, MB.

Tillage & Seeding FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Air Drills 2011 AMITY 40-FT SINGLE disc drill w/430-bu variable rate cart, only 3500-acres. Call Dave (204)534-7531, $180,000.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Tillage 30-FT. IH 490 DISC 21-in. blade, good shape, $3,900; 38-ft. IH vibra shank, 3 bar harrows, $1,800; 26-ft. Wilrich cultivator w/harrows, $900. (204)529-2046, (204)529-2091, Cartwright. 31-FT CO-OP 204 DEEP tiller, walking axles on main frame; front fenders for JD MFWD tractor; two Behlin 1650-bu granaries. Phone (204)386-2412, Plumas, MB. 47-FT CIH VIBRACHISEL CULTIVATOR, model 4700 w/3-row harrows, $5000. Phone:(204)729-6803. 59-FT JD 1650 CHISEL plow w/Degelman 3 row harrows & rear hitch, $20,000 OBO; 60-ft Delmar heavy harrows w/new tines, excellent condition, $25,000. (204)867-0043, Minnedosa, MB.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Various 24 ANHYDROUS POD W/HYD shut-off, 24 anhydrous Dutch knives. Phone:(204)386-2507.

HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595 charles@arcfab.ca www.arcfab.ca

FARM MACHINERY Irrigation Equipment ROTARY DITCHER AVAILABLE TODAY in all sizes, 30-in, 42-in, 60-in & 72-in, works in all soil cond. wet or dry, spreads soil evenly, no piles. Fast & efficient, call Gilbert (204)436-2469, Fannystelle.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Various

www.fyfeparts.com

1980 8820 COMBINE, 2-SPD cyl drive, good condition, $13,000; 2-224 rigid heads w/pickup reels, $3000 each. Phone: cell (204)362-2316, or (204)822-3189. 2000 JD 9650W 150-HRS since Performax service at which time new Sunny Brook rasp bars, concave, clean grain chain, sprockets & bearings & Redekop MAV chopper rotor were install, complete invoice $20,000, 2,300 sep hrs, 914 PU, chaff spreader, hopper topper, auto height sensing, recent new feeder chain, batteries, HID lights $102,500; 2003 930F header, PU reel, new knife & guards w/Crary Air System, excellent for beans or down crops, 50 series hook up w/header trailer, $22,500; Firestone 24.5x32 rice tires on 9000 series rims, excellent condition, $3,000. (204)347-5244 leave msg.

204-837-1660

AIR SEEDERS AFTER SEASON Sale. Under $25,000 Ezee On 30-ft. 5500/2175 tank w/harrows, packers; Under $15,000 Ezee On 24-ft. 5500/2175 tank w/harrows; Under $9,000 Flexi Coil 1110/CCIL 23-ft. Cultivator. Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or go to www.reimerfarmequipment.com

TracTors FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Allis/Deutz 1987 DUETZ 7085 FWA, open-station, 85-HP, 5,900-hrs, Allied 794 FEL $17,000. (204)525-4521 www.waltersequipment.com

The choice IS easy! Grasshopper

www.edgeequipmentsales.com

“For All Your Farm Parts”

WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444

FARM MACHINERY Combine – John Deere

EQUIPMENT SALES

6 - 1635 Burrows Ave. Winnipeg, MB.

1-800-667-9871 • Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 • Edmonton

WATROUS SALVAGE

This mower deck can be lifted with one finger

EDGE

FYFE PARTS

FARM MACHINERY Combine – Ford/New Holland NH TX36: ‘92, 2,800 engine hours, ‘93, 3,200 engine hours, both shedded, w/SwathMaster pickup & chaff spreaders. Phone:(204)767-2327.

AVAILABLE

Tractors Combines Swathers

WANTED: 1482 PTO COMBINE. (204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

GRASSHOPPER®

1-866-729-9876 5150 Richmond Ave. East BRANDON, MB. www.harvestsalvage.ca New, Used & Re-man. Parts

The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

2005 CASE IH 8010 combine, 4-WD, front tire size is 1250-45-32, means they are 45-in wide, rear tires 28L-26, means 28-in wide. Apparently will go as far as a track machine. 4-Spd, hyd trans, straw chopper & spreaders, pro-600 monitor, bin extensions w/2052-30-ft dripper header, $165,000. Phone:(204)871-0925.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Case/IH 1996 CASE 7210 MFWD factory duals, new loader, 5200-hrs, excellent cond. Phone (204)567-3720 FOR SALE: 2290 CASE 1982 3,300 original hours, very good shape. Phone:(204)768-9090. FOR SALE: 4490 CASE 4WD, 180hp, 3pth, 4hyd., PTO, $8,000. Phone:(204)739-3740. FOR SALE: 9170 CASEIH, 6,750-hrs, 855A Cummings, Big Cam, 12-spd powershift trans., 4 remote hyd., radials tires, in excellent condition. $61,000. Darlingford, MB. Phone:(204)246-2219. FOR SALE: 9370 CASEIH, 6,211-hrs, N14 Cummings, 24-spd standard trans., 4 remote hyd., Trelleborg tires, plumbed for GPS, in excellent condition, $71,500. Darlingford, MB. Phone: (204)246-2219. LOOKING FOR 1965 930 Case Comfort King tractor w/square fenders & home built cab, left front entry, wishing to purchase. Kelvin Peters (204)864-2106.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Steiger 1986 PANTHER 1000, CUMMINS 855, set 360-hp, 12-spd PS, auto-steer, 900/50R42 hub duals, 70%, clean tractor. $40,000 OBO. Phone:(204)373-2502.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – John Deere 1979 JD 4440, W/148 FEL w/joystick, $19,500. www.waltersequipment.com (204)525-4521 FOR SALE: 7810 MFWD, PQ, LHR, 3-pt, new tires, low hrs; 7710 MFWD, PQ, LHR, 3-pt, new tires, low hrs; 4455 MFWD, 3-pt, 15-SPD, w/280 FEL; 4450 MFWD, 15-SPD, 3 pt; 4450 3-pt, 3 hyd’s, 15-SPD, fact duals; 4250 MFWD, 3-pt, 15-SPD; 2755 MFWD, 3-pt, w/245 FEL; 2555 MFWD, 3-pt w/245 FEL. All tractors can be sold w/new or used loaders. MITCH’S TRACTOR SALES LTD Phone: (204)828-3628, shop or (204)750-2459, cell. Roseisle. FOR SALE: JD 4960 MFWD tractor, 14.9 x 46 tires, hub duals, weights, 9,380-hrs. Nice, clean tractor. Hamilton, North Dakota. Phone: (701)265-2221. JD 5410 FWA W/541 loader, joystick, O/S, 5,800-hrs, new front tires, sync shuttle, 2 remotes, $19,500. Phone (778)476-2542, Portage La Prairie. JD 7320 MFWD, Power Quad, 3-pt., 741 Loader, 7ft. bucket, grapple, 6,500-hrs $69,900; JD 8560 18.4x38 duals, 7,500-hrs, $37,900; 08 JD 5225 w/542 loader, MFWD, 3-PTH, CAH, Radio, Joystick, 200-hrs, like new, $47,900. JD 2140 2WD, 3-pt., 245 Loader, 7-ft. bucket, 7,500-hrs $16,900; Call Gary at (204)326-7000 or www.reimerfarmequipment.com

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Massey Ferguson 06MF 573MFWD 72-HP W/CAB, air, heat, 3-PTH, 8-spd, hi-low, forward & reverse w/MFN70 quick attach loader, excellent cond w/1425-hrs. Will take trades, reduced to $35,900. Phone:(204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Versatile 1981 VERSATILE 875, VG 20.8 radial tires, 7200-hrs, $24,500; 1984 Versatile 945, good tires, replaced 855 Cummins 365-horse, Atom Jet kit, $28,500. Both tractors in very good working order. Phone Reg Loewen (204)763-4746, Brandon. FOR SALE: 1988 846 Vers 4WD, 5,500-hrs, VGC. Call (204)268-5615, Beasejour.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – 2 Wheel Drive

Big Tractor Parts, Inc. Geared For The Future

STEIGER TRACTOR SPECIALIST

RED OR GREEN 1. 10-25% savings on new replacement parts for your Steiger drive train. 2. We rebuild axles, transmissions and dropboxes with ONE YEAR WARRANTY. 3. 50% savings on used parts.

1-800-982-1769 www.bigtractorparts.com

1985 CASE 4490 4WD, 175-hp, 5,245-hrs, 20.8 x 34 duals, 4hyd w/return line, 1000 PTO, PTH, A/C, $16,000; 1979 IHC 1586, 160-hp, 5,974-hrs, 20.8 x 38 duals, 3SCV, 1000 PTO, front weights, A/C, $14,000. Phone:(204)744-2521. St. Leon, MB.

LATE MODEL 875 LOW hrs, VGC; 40-ft. IH 2 row mulcher harrows, new tines; 40-ft. air seeder w/floating hitch, 220-bu tank, good condition, $8,500. (204)864-2953 MACDON 30-FT SELF-PROPELLED SWATHER, 480 cutting hours, PU reel, in excellent cond; 60-ft Flexi-Coil cultivator, comes w/4 bar harrows & air kit, in VGC. Phone:(204)522-8640. MCKEE #400 MANURE SPREADER w/Tandem axle & dual wheels $8,500. 48-ft Ezee-On tandem disc, equipped with double bearing w/7-yr warranty, $37,500. Above equip in good condition. Phone:(204)746-8851, Morris. WANTED: V-276 Fiberglas hood nose cap No.73051 side mount sickle mower for Sears 16-18HP LGT. FOR SALE: White 4-row 36-in row corn header. Phone:(204)222-6310. WESTFIELD MK 10X71 GRAIN auger, VGC, $3700 OBO; Chaff spreader fits 7720 combine 8020 & 9600, $700 OBO. Phone:(204)746-8721. HEAVY DUTY BOX SCRAPERS, built with 5/8 steel, 2 hyd. cyl, 1 for lift & 1 for angle, 10-ft. $3,950. 12-ft & 14-ft superduty for larger tractors also available. All Sizes Available. (204)746-6605 or (204)325-2496.

2007 KUBOTA M108S TRACTOR with a M41 Kubota loader. Has only 770-hrs & is in new condition.Phone (204)386-2143. NEW TRACTOR PARTS and engine rebuild kits, specializing in hard to find parts for older tractors, tractor seats, service and owners manuals, decals and much more, our 38th year! 1 800-481-1353, www.diamondfarmtractorparts.com

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

Tri-Axle 350 Bunning Manure Spreader For Sale: Wide Spread, Triple Axle, Rear Steering, Slurry Door, 2000 Bushels, Spring Suspension, 600/55R 22.5 Alliance Tires, 1000 PT0. (403)505-4610.

1998 LX 4X4 DRIVE, 143,982-km, V6, 4.2 engine,safetied, $5,490; Equinox tanks: 1 New LR 171 915-gal tank, retail $824, special $420; New HD LR 177 1,250-gal tank, yellow, retail $878 special $544; New Black LR 175 1,250-gal, retail $578 special $432; Used 1993 Buick Century car, safetied, retail $2,190 special $1,850. (204)822-1354 cell (204)823-1559.

JD 55 COMBINE, (807)487-2478.

2005 PETERBILT # 386 w/CAT C15, warranty & safetied, 593,000-mi, A1, Load-Line grain box & hoist, $64,500 OBO. Peter Trucks:(204)487-1347. Winnipeg, MB.

WANTED: HD HEADER DRIVE pulley assembly for Westward 7000 swather. Also Cub Cadet i1046 or i1050. Phone:(204)746-8428 or (204)746-0126.

BALERS JD 535, $5,900; JD 530, $3,500; JD 510, $1,500; JD 336, $3,000; Vermeer Hyd rake, $7,000; 12 wheel rake, $6,000; 10-ft. Landlevellers, $2,150; 12-ft. $2,450; Dics Hutch 25-ft. Rock Cushion, $9,500; JD 230, $3,000; Bushog 21-ft., $7,500; JD Dot 16-ft., $4,000; DMI Ripper 5 Shank, $10,900; 7 Shank, $11,900; Valmar 240 Applicator, $1,000; Woods 15-ft. Batwing Mower HD, $7,000; Woods 10-ft., $4,500; Used Fertilizer Spreaders 4-9T. Phone (204)857-84043 FOR SALE: 1978 1630 JD 145 loader, always shedded; could be sold separate 7-ft. snowblower, $13,500. Phone:(204)471-0571. FOR SALE 25-FT CO-OP 204 deep tiller w/mounted harrows; 36-ft anhydrous applicator on Morris cultivator frame w/mounted harrows; 54-ft Morris harrows; 68-ft modernized Great Northern sprayer. Wilmot Milne (204)385-2486 or cell (204)212-0531, Gladstone. FOR SALE: GRAIN CARTS LARGE SELECTION 450-1050 bu hyd & PTO drive. J&M 875-bu., $20,000; EZ 475, $7,900; Brent 670, $12,500; New 400-bu. gravity wagons, $6,700; 600-bu., $12,000; Used gravity wagons 250-750 bu.; Grain Screeners Kwik Kleen 5 tube, $4,500; 7 Tube $6,500; Hutch 1500, $1,750; Sioux Screener w/Auger, $2,500; Westfield 10x70 Auger, $2,900; REM 552 Grain Vac, $3,500; Brandt $4,500-$7,500. Phone (204)857-8403. FOR SALE: LEWIS CATTLE Oiler double wick, grain troughs, coral panels, calf gates, calf pen, cattle trailer, flat deck trailer complete, 851 NH baler, 853 NH baler. Call Ben:(204)444-2997 or (204)485-2044 for all prices. Many other items for sale.

Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.

HAYBINES: GEHL 2270, $3900; NH 116, $3000; JD 1209, $3000; NH 144 Swath Turner, $3000; Hay Conditioners $800 up; NH 9-ft mower 2200; IH 9-ft $1650; GEHL 12 wheel rake, $6000; Rotary mowers. JD #1518, $8500; Woods 20-ft batwing, $7500; 10-ft batwing, $3500; 6-ft pull type, $1600; JD 5-ft pull type, $1000; Woods ditchbank 3-PTH, $1500; 6-ft finishing mower, $1000; Woods 6-ft 3-PTH, $750; Bush hog 9-ft disc mower, $2000. Phone: (204)857-8403.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.

JD 925 FLEX HEADER, $6500; 930, $2500; Case IH 25-ft flex, $6000; Case IH 30-ft rigid, $5000; IH 820 flex $2000; Case IH #1015 PU, $3000; #810 PU, $1000; Summers 72-ft heavy harrow, $14,000; Phoenix #17-#14 harrows; 6 yard scraper, $5000; JD 12YD, $12,000; 4 YD, $4500; Manure spreaders. Meyers #550 horse/poultry manure spreader, $11,900; New Idea 3634, $4000; HS 400-bu, $3000; GEHL scavenger, $3900. Phone:(204)857-8403.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Wanted must

be

good.

Phone

HEAT & AIR CONDITIONING

The Icynene Insulation System® • Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®

www.penta.ca

1-800-587-4711

IRON & STEEL FREE STANDING CORRAL PANELS, Feeders & Alley ways, 30ft or order to size. Oil Field Pipe: 1.3, 1.6, 1.9, 1 7/8, 2-in, 2 3/8, 2 7/8, 3 1/2. Sucker Rod: 3/4, 7/8, 1. Casing Pipes: 4-9inch. Sold by the piece or semi load lots. For special pricing call Art (204)685-2628 or cell (204)856-3440. FULL LINE OF COLORED & galvanized roofing, siding & accessories, structural steel, tubing, plate, angles, flats, rounds etc. Phone:1-800-510-3303, Fouillard Steel Supplies Ltd, St Lazare.

LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK Cattle – Red Angus REGISTERED PB RED ANGUS bulls, 15-17 months old & some w/low birth weights. Phone: Ren-Ele Red Angus, (204)526-2424, Bruxelles.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous


30

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

save! Renew early and

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions

FEEDER/SLAUGHTER SALES Every Friday 9AM Special Heavy Calf Sale October 5 Receiving open until 10PM Thursdays NEXT SHEEP & GOAT SALE Wednesday, October 3 Gates Open Mon.-Wed. 8AM-4PM Thurs. 8AM-10PM Friday 8AM-6PM Sat. 8AM-4PM

We Will Buy Cattle Direct On Farm

For more information call: 204-694-8328 or Jim Christie 204-771-0753

www.winnipeglivestocksales.com Licence #1122

GRUNTHAL LIVESTOCK AUCTION MART. LTD. GRUNTHAL, MB.

Renew your subscription to the Manitoba Co-operator for 2 years BEFORE we mail your renewal notice, and we'll extend your subscription by 2 additional months. That's 26 months for the price of 24. OR - Renew for one year and receive 13 months for the price of 12!

Agent for T.E.A.M. Marketing Regular cattle sales every Tuesday @ 9 am

1·800·782·0794

Email: subscription@fbcpublishing.com

Your expiry date is located on your publication's mailing label.

ATTACH YOUR MAILING LABEL HERE

Canadian Subscribers

U.S. Subscribers

❑ 1 Year: $51.45* ❑ 2 Years $90.82*

❑ 1 Year: $150.00 (US Funds)

*Taxes included

❑ Money Order

❑ Visa

PRAIRIELANE FARMS LTD

nutrition digestion prevention

ANGUS DISPERSAL SALE SAT., OCTOBER 13th, 2012 at 1:00 pm Heartland livestock yards, Virden Manitoba

Sales Agent for HIQUAL INDUSTRIES

Livestock Handling Equipment for info regarding products or pricing, please call our office. We also have a line of Agri-blend all natural products for your livestock needs. (protein tubs, blocks, minerals, etc) For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519

99 PRE-CALVING 99 CALVING 99 PRE-BREEDING 99 FREE9DELIVERY 99 LOWEST9COST-TO-FEED

Contact: Blaine Canning 204-858-2475 Michael Canning 204-858-2457 or visit website & catalogue @ www.prairielaneangus.com LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais SELLING: 5, 2 YR old PB Charolais virgin bulls, $3,000 each. Pasture ready. Mike Neilson, Neilson Cattle Company, (306)783-0331 Willowbrook, SK (close to Yorkton).

RIOCANADA

1.888.762.3299

TRIPLE R LIMOUSIN, HAS bulls for sale for Fall breeding. Also pick out your 2013 Herdsire now. Take delivery next Spring. Red or Black 40+ to pick from. Plus bred Heifers & 4H projects, steers & heifers. Your source for quality Limousin genetics. Call Art (204)685-2628 or (204)856-3440.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various 10 COW CALF PAIRS 1st calf Hereford X cows w/Hereford calves. Cow started calving Aug, $1,900 pair firm. (204)795-6823, Springfield. 15 COW/CALF PAIRS. YOUNG straight Angus cows, perfect udders & feet. Calves are between a week & a month old. Sired by a Purebred Fleckvieh Simmental. 6 more to calve in the next few weeks. $1500.Phone:(204) 232-1620. Anola, MB.

FARMING IS ENOUGH OF A GAMBLE...

35 RED & BLACK Angus X cows, bred to Black Angus bulls, to start calving January 15th. $1,500 each. Phone: (204)822-3789 or (204)362-6403. FOR SALE: 44 OPEN yearling heifers, mostly Reds & Tans, weighing 850-900 lbs, pail fed, very quiet. Phone (204)379-2167 cell (204)745-8529, St Claude.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted WANTED: ALL CLASSES OF feeder cattle, yearlings & calves. Dealer Licence# 1353. Also wanted, light feed grains: wheat, barley & oats. Phone:(204)325-2416. Manitou, MB.

TIRED OF THE HIGH COST OF MARKETING YOUR CALVES??

www.grunthallivestock.com MB. Livestock Dealer #1111

Classifieds

=

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Limousin

Go public with an ad in the Manitoba Co-operator classifieds. Phone 1-800-782-0794.

Mondays, October 8th & October 29th Sheep and Goat sale with small animals @ 12 Noon

A great way to Buy and Sell without the ef for t.

Payment Enclosed ❑ Cheque

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais

Friday, October 5th at 11 AM a complete holstein dairy herd dispersal of 180 head including bred and open heifers. Call for more info

Call, email or mail us today!

M S E R : 12345 2010/ 12 P UB John Smith Company Name 123 E x a m p l e S t . Town, Province, POSTAL CODE

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus

Advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator Classifieds, it’s a Sure Thing!

1-800-782-0794

300-700 LBS. Steers & Heifers Rob: 528-3254, 724-3400 Ben: 721-3400 800-1000 LBS. Steers & Heifers Don: 528-3477, 729-7240

Contact: D.J. (Don) MacDonald Livestock Ltd. License #1110

TAKE FIVE

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If you're not the owner/operator of a farm are you: q In agri-business (bank, elevator, ag supplies etc.) q Other total farm size (including rented land)_______________ Year of birth________ q I’m farming or ranching q I own a farm or ranch but i'm not involved in it's operations or management

My Main crops are: No. of acres 1. Wheat ____________ 2. Barley ____________ 3. Oats ____________ 4. Canola ____________ 5. Flax ____________ 6. Durum ____________ 7. Rye ____________ 8. Peas ____________ 9. Chick Peas ____________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 1. Registered Beef ____________ 2. Commercial Cow ____________ 3. Fed Cattle (sold yearly) ____________ 4. Hog Weaners (sold yearly) __________

My Main crops are: No. of acres 10. Lentils ___________ 11. Dry Beans ___________ 12. Hay ___________ 13. Pasture ___________ 14. Summerfallow ___________ 15. Alfalfa ___________ 16. Forage Seed ___________ 17. Mustard ___________ 18. Other (specify) ___________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 5. Hog farrow-to-finish (# sows) ______ 6. Finished Pigs (sold yearly) _________ 7. Dairy Cows ___________ 8. Other Livestock (specify) __________

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Sudoku 1 8 3 9 9 1 5 6 3 7 4 1 9 6 8 5 6 2 8 5 6 4 9 8 3 5 4 2 6 6

Last week's answer

3 1 4 2 6 9 5 7 8

5 6 7 8 3 1 2 4 9

2 9 8 5 4 7 6 3 1

9 7 2 1 5 4 3 8 6

8 5 1 3 7 6 9 2 4

6 4 3 9 8 2 1 5 7

4 2 6 7 9 3 8 1 5

1 8 9 4 2 5 7 6 3

7 3 5 6 1 8 4 9 2

Puzzle by websudoku.com

Puzzle by websudoku.com Here’s How It Works: Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!


31

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

LIVESTOCK Sheep – Katahdin

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

PUREBRED KATAHDIN RAMS FOR sale. Phone:(204)322-5364 or leave message, Warren.

PORTABLE WINDBREAKS, CALF SHELTERS, free standing rod & pipe panels, fence line & field silage bunks. Also sell Speed-Rite & 7L Livestock fence equipment, drill pipe & sucker rod. Phone (204)827-2104 or (204)827-2551, Glenboro.

LIVESTOCK Sheep For Sale RAMBOUILLET/EAST FRIESEN lambs & East Friesen ram (204)864-2709.

REAL ESTATE Land For Sale

PEDIGREED SEED Cereal – Wheat WINTER WHEAT, CERTIFIED FALCON sunrise new generation ptarmigan. For Secan members only foundation & registered flourish. For more information call Fraser Seeds (204)776-2047 or cells (204)534-7458 (204)534-7722, Minto MB.

WANTED: METAL SELF-FEEDER on wheels. Minimum 250-bu capacity. Phone:(204)828-3483 or (204)745-7168.

CROSS EWE lambs. Phone

PEDIGREED SEED Cereal – Various

MISCELLANEOUS FOR SALE

Horses

FOR SALE: CERTIFIED FALCON Winter Wheat. Phone James Farms Ltd, (204)222-8785 or Toll Free 1-866-283-8785.

LIVESTOCK Horse Auctions

MACK AUCTION CO PRESENTS a land auction. TAMMY GREER Thurs., Dec. 6th, 2012 7:00pm TAYLORTON ROOM, DAYS INN, ESTEVAN, SK. 3 Quarters of Land Located in the RM of Benson No. 35 SW 4-5-8 W2 (C/W Surface Oil Lease); NE 28-4-8 W2; NW 10-5-8 W2. Call (306)421-2928 or (306)487-7815 www.mackacutioncompany.com Mack Auction Co. Pl311962

MJ QUARTER HORSES partial Dispersal Sale at Johnstone Auction Mart, Moosejaw, SK. Sunday, Sept 30, 2012 @1pm. Selling 25 Brood Mares, 33 Weanlings, Stallion & 17 ylgs. & 2-yr old Geldings & Fillies. “Home of the Working Horse” Jim/Marguerite Lussier. Ste Rose Du Lac, MB. (204)447-2328. Catalogue online mjquartersandpaints.com Gladstone Auction Mart Ltd

Fall Open Horse & Tack Sale Thursday, October 11th at 5:00pm

1000 Litre Plastic Caged Storage Tanks $74.50 ea.

Sale Starts with Tack Performance & Registered Horses followed by other Consignments All Classes of Horses Welcome To Consign Phone the Mart at (204)385-2537 Gerald (204)385-2043 License #1108

Call Ken 204-794-8383 #2 Mountain View Rd Winnipeg, MB

ORGANIC ORGANIC Organic – Grains

LIVESTOCK Swine For Sale LARGE BLACKS, BOARS, SOWS, gilts, weanlings. Call Neal (204)526-7869.

R.W. Organic Ltd. Currently Buying all grades of wheat, durum, rye, barley & peas. Immediate pickup. Offering fall contracts. Mossbank, SK. (306)354-2660

LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted

PERSONAL

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES RECREATIONAL VEHICLES All Terrain Vehicles ATV 250 BAJA 4X2 5-spd, 114-kms, like new $2,800 OBO. Also 18-ft brand new Selkirk chimney. Phone:(204)452-2844. Wpg.

PETS & SUPPLIES

EXOTIC BIRD & ANIMAL Auction, Sun. Oct 14, 11:00am, Indian Head skating rink. Phone:(306)347-1068.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES Motor Homes

PB BLUE & RED Heeler puppies for sale, excellent farm & cattle dogs. Call (204)447-2756 or (204)447-0184.

Specialty

FOR SALE: 1984 MOBILE Home, new hot water tank & water lines. Comes w/2 decks. $15,000. Phone (204)966-3488.

REGISTERED BORDER COLLIE PUPS of top imported breeding. Parents working cattle & sheep, ready to go Oct 1st, $300. Phone Martin Penfold (204)722-2036 (Virden/Moosomin area)

LIVESTOCK Specialty – Goats 2 OPEN CROSS-BRED BOER Nannies & 2 Kids from Kiko buck, $150 ea or $500 for all 4. Call (204)981-0055. Boer cross doelings, March born, available now. (204)737-2207 julisebr@sdnet.ca

REAL ESTATE

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Manitoba

REAL ESTATE Vacation Property

NOTRE DAME USED EXCELLENT HOBBY FARM OF 158-ac. OIL Very nice upgraded 4 level split home w/5 bedrooms. Beauti& FILTER DEPOT fully sheltered yard only 1-mi from pavement. Approx. 110-ac of cultivated land. Phone Gordon Gen• Buy Used Oil • Buywww.farmsofcanada.ca Batteries tles: (204)761-0511. • CollectHome UsedProfessional Filters • Collect HomeLife Realty Oil Inc.Containers

DOUBLE WIDE MOBILE HOME, Weslaco Texas, gated community, pics. avail. rwheh@hotmail.com

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

REAL ESTATE Houses & Lots

APOLLO ROLLER MILLS ELECTRIC & TTO, all sizes. Very cost efficient for both grain & cattle prices. 50 years experience to suit your application. “Certainly Worth A Call!” Farmers Premium Equipment. Phone:(204)724-4529.

FOR SALE At Fannystelle, MB, Older Bungalow, approx 1,040-sq.ft. some recent upgrades. Available immediately to be moved to Purchaser’s new location. Call John at (204)925-5368.

spreader.

HI-QUAL CLASSIC SQUEEZE CHUTE w/palpation cage & 30-ft crowding alley w/Inline Gates, $3500.00. Phone (204)449-2323 or email ev1953@live.ca , can send pictures. JD 550 T.A. MANURE spr, $5500; Farmhand 450 manure spr $3800. www.waltersequipment.com (204)525-4521.

A great way to Buy and Sell without the ef for t.

KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763. KHUN 1560 VERTICAL MIXER, scale, good condition, $10,000. Phone (204)385-3646. SPORTSMAN INCUBATOR & HATCHER, holds 198 eggs, asking $1,000. Phone:(807)482-2216.

Classifieds

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

LIVESTOCK Livestock Equipment

Check OTR-Recycling.com for more information

They're still UGLY They're still TOUGH They're still the best value on the market. Research proves that providing clean water for your calves can add 20 per cent or more to your weaning weights.

WATER TROUGHS

The UGLY water troughs

Southern and Western Manitoba FARM SPECIALIST: COUNT ON GRANT TWEED, Tel: 204-248-2110 informed, professional assistance for sellers & buyers. www.granttweed.com Call (204)761-6884 anytime. Service with integrity.

FOR SALE: SW 1/4 21-2-12. 75-ac pasture w/creek, 85-ac arable. Large older barn. House w/fridge, deep freezer, stove, washer/dryer, microwave, electric furnace. Small steel shed. Price: $150,000. Phone:(204)242-2452. GOOD FARM OF APPROX. 635-ac only 20-mins from Brandon. The property is all fenced & is currently run as a dairy operation, though it could easily be converted to a mixed operation. 450-ac can be cultivated w/the remainder in pasture. Bungalow home in good condition, machine shed, cattle sheds, hay sheds, dairy bran, etc. Quota & cows are not included in the price. Phone Gordon Gentles:(204)761-0511. www.farmsofcanada.ca HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc.

RECYCLING

NOTRE DAME USED OIL & FILTER DEPOT

BuyUsed Used Oil Oil ••Buy •• Buy Buy Batteries Batteries ••Collect CollectUsed Used Filters Filters • Collect • CollectOil OilContainers Containers • Antifreeze

PEDIGREED SEED Oilseed – Various

NOW BUYING Old & New Crop Confection & Oil Sunflowers Licensed & Bonded 0% Shrink Farm Pick-Up Available Planting Seed Available

Call For Pricing Phone (204)747-2904

Toll Free 1-888-835-6351 Deloraine, Manitoba

SEED / FEED / GRAIN SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Feed Grain JAMES FARMS LTD: good quality feed oats for sale. Phone (204)222-8785 or 1-866-283-8785

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Straw 200 FIRST CUT ALFALFA 5x6 soft core round bales, 80 bales 5x6 soft core alfalfa grass, round&small square oat straw bales, small square alfalfa bales. Phone: (204)265-3143 or (204)479-0116. 2012 CROP MILLET STRAW, excellent feed quality at a cheap price, also round wheat & barley straw bales. Phone:(204)325-1383 or (204)362-4874. 220 JD HARD CORE round bales, 1500-lbs, birdsfoot, treefoil, straw. Located Springsteen MB, $12 each. Phone:(204)735-3106. DAIRY, BEEF & HORSE hay for sale, large squares. Phone: (204)526-7139 (day) or (204)827-2629 (evenings). FOR SALE: 160 BIG round bales, wild salty hay, $20 each. Phone (204)656-4358 before 8:00am or late evenings. FOR SALE APPROX 250 oat-straw bales, net wrapped w/some green, Will load. Phone:(204)837-9750 or (204)799-8130. WHEAT & OAT STRAW bales for sale, 3 x 3 x 8. hay Phone (204)343-2144 or cell (204)745-0085.

Hay Tarps All Tie Downs Included

10 Available Sizes

Southern,Southern Eastern, and Manitoba Western Western Manitoba

Call Mark @ Haybusters:

Tel: 204-248-2110

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Feed Wanted

Call our toll-free number to take advantage of our Prepayment Bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and we’ll run your ad 2 more weeks for free. That’s 5 weeks for the price of 3. Call 1-800-782-0794 today!

(800) 371-7928 haybusters.com Dealer inquiries welcome

WANTED: DAIRY, BEEF, GRASS & Straw bales in large square bales. Phone Mark 1-800-371-7928, Winnipeg.

ORGANIC FARMLAND W/HOUSE. BEAUTIFUL treed large front yard, 1320-sq-ft house w/attached garage. Farm yard has 2 sheds & 7 granaries, includes all farm equipment, always shedded, hay, grasses, forage, cereals, oil seeds as produced. 240-acres owned, w/rental property is 500-acre operation, all land is certified organic. Call Norm, cell (204)990-8752 or home (204)755-3333. VERY TIDY FARM OF 160-ac only 11-mi from Killarney, would lend itself to a mixed or dairy operation. Approx. 110-ac cultivated. Large hay shed & lean-to, built in 2005. Commodity shed 42-ft x 16-ft. Small workshop w/generator. 3 cattle sheds. 4 hopper bottom bins. Good split level house. Phone Gordon Gentles: (204)761-0511. www.farmsofcanada.ca HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc.

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Pastureland OVERSEAS INVESTORS SEEKING FARMS & farm land. Contact Cindy Grenier at St. Pierre Realty for qualified buyers. Phone:(204)330-2567.

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted

800 gallon trough

for pastures and feedlots

Beauty fades… ugly lasts forever! • costs less & lasts longer • virtually indestructible • guaranteed not to leak • 200-800 gallon capacity

Call a dealer near you today for more information ARBORG CO-OP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-376-5201 CO-OP FEEDS, BRANDON. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-727-0571 7-L RANCH, LAKELAND, MB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-445-2102 GILBERT PLAINS CO-OP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-548-2099 TWIN VALLEY CO-OP, MINIOTA, MB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204-567-3664

TJ O'Sullivan 204-768-0600 sales@otr-recycling.com

WANTED: LOOKING FOR CROPLAND in Argyle, Stonewall, Warren, Balmoral, Grosse Isle & surrounding area. Please call Deric (204)513-0332, leave msg.

PETS

LIVESTOCK Poultry For Sale

made from mining tires

REAL ESTATE Land For Rent

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THE FOLLOWING PRIVATE LAND (NE + SE-32-21-06W, NW 28-21-06W, NE 20-21-06W) is being offered for sale. The following crown lands, Sec 29-21-06W have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture Food & Rural Initiatives for transfer to the purchaser of the private lands listed as these lands are part of the ranch unit held by Allen M. Lamb of Eriksdale, MB. If you wish to purchase the private land & apply for the unit transfer, contact the lessee at PO Box 248 Eriksdale, MB R0C 0W0, or Phone: (204)739-3082. If you wish to comment on or object to this unit transfer write: Director, MAFRI Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB R0J 1E0 or Phone:(204)867-6550 or Fax:(204)867-6578. FARM LAND FOR SALE BY TENDER N 1/2 22-2-10 WPM, exc Public Road Plan 611 MLTO Tenders close 2:00pm on Oct 5th, 2012 For details contact: SELBY LAW OFFICE Phone (204)242-2801 Fax (204)242-2723 Email: selbylaw@mts.net

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32

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

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CAREERS Help Wanted HELP WANTED: WE HAVE a position available on our dairy farm near Haywood for someone who enjoys working with dairy cattle. Duties will mainly include feeding & doing other barn work. Competitive wages. If interested, please call (204)379-2640 or (204)745-7864. JAMES FARMS LTD. a seed grain producer & processor. Located just East of Wpg in the Municipality of Springfield is looking to hire a full time person. Duties would include operating farm equipment as well as working in the seed plant. Fax resume Attention: David (204)222-0076. Only those considered for an interview will be contacted.

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33

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

WORLD NEWS FA R M I NG N E W S F ROM A BROA D

Instant info. With the Manitoba Co-operator mobile app you can stay up to date on all things ag. Download the free app at agreader.ca/mbc

Stinky solution to the food versus fuel controversy In the U.S. Corn Belt, pennycress, otherwise known as stinkweed, could be planted after corn By Christine Stebbins REUTERS

A

little weed common to roadside ditches is ready to go from nuisance to cash crop, thanks to the biofuels boom. Pennycress, better known in Canada as stinkweed, is a member of the mustard family. It yields a tiny seed that can be squeezed into an industrial oil and processed into biodiesel, a growing market now dominated by soybeans. For farmers, the best news is that growing pennycress is not an either/or choice. Pennycress grows all winter in the U.S. Corn Belt and can be harvested by farmers before they plant soy. “It’s a rotation crop that is planted post-corn harvest in the fall and harvested prior to soybean planting in the spring. You don’t knock an existing commodity crop off its production cycle. That means food production doesn’t get interrupted,” said Terry Isbell, a U.S. Department of Agriculture scientist in Peoria, Illinois, who has researched pennycress since 2003. That double cropping has special appeal this year. The debate over turning food crops such as corn and soybeans into fuel heated up as the worst drought to hit the United States in more than 50 years has slashed harvests, putting buyers of corn, soybeans and other crops on higher alert. Scientists are encouraged by the high oil content in pennycress. It produces 36 per cent oil, compared to the 18 per cent oil yield from soybeans. Pennycress also yields a high-protein livestock feed, comparable to soybean meal. Pennycress, now sometimes used as a winter “cover” crop to protect soils, sprouts as a small rosette but grows as tall as three feet (90 cm) by May. On average it produces about 1,500 lbs. (680 kg) of seed per acre (0.4 hectare) when harvested.

But it’s a weed

Scientists remind interested farmers that pennycress is a weed, so any residual seeds left from harvesting can survive the winter. While the weeds can be managed with herbicides under a cornsoybean rotation, pennycress can compete and crowd wheat and alfalfa crops, making it more difficult to eliminate. “It’s already in most of the fields in Illinois because it came in with wheat hundreds of years ago. People already know how to manage it. Farmers recognize it as a weed,” Isbell said. Ground zero is central Illinois where the USDA national lab in Peoria is working with a startup, Pennycress Energy, to commercialize the crop. Pennycress Energy is contracting with farmers to plant the seed this autumn. Pennycress supplies the seed and planting to the

Stan Peacock of High Prairie, Alta. with a field of pennycress in 2011. Peacock was part of a project to evaluate its biofuel potential by Alberta Agriculture’s Special Crops Division and the Olds School of Innovation.

“It’s already in most of the fields in Illinois because it came in with wheat hundreds of years ago.”

Consumers warned of arsenic in rice REUTERS / U.S. regulators are being urged to set limits for arsenic in rice after an investigation found “significant” levels of inorganic arsenic, a known human carcinogen, in some samples of popular rice products. The watchdog group Consumer Reports did the testing, as well as similar testing earlier this year that found arsenic in apple and grape juices at “worrisome” levels. Food is a major source of arsenic. It can be found in fruits, vegetables, rice and seafood — all of which are considered healthy. The testing found levels in uncooked rice and a number of products, including infant rice cereals, were approaching U.S. limits for arsenic in drinking water. That prompted warnings infants should not be given more than one serving of rice cereal per day and children under age five should not drink rice milk. The rice industry called the report alarmist and misleading “given that arsenic is everywhere.”

“Pink slime” allegations prompt lawsuit

TERRY ISBELL USDA

farmer for free. But it is offering farmers six cents a pound for the harvested seeds in the spring, which the company says equates to about $100 net income per acre for each farmer. “We have set a target to have 250,000 acres by 2017. They should be within a 60-mile (95km) radius so we can set up a seed-processing, storage and oilextraction facility at the centre of those 60 miles,” said Sudhir Seth, CEO of Pennycress. The processing of pennycress so far has been done at the Peoria lab. As plantings and production grow, the company will plan to construct its own oilseed-processing facility. A crop from 250,000 acres would produce 25 million gallons (95 million litres) of biodiesel, which could generate jobs and as much as $200 million for the local economy, Seth said. Seth said he expects to plant about 2,500 acres in the commercial pilot program this autumn. Nearly 1,000 acres were planted in 2011 under research conditions, he said.

BRIEFS

Pennycress produces 36 per cent oil, compared to the 18 per cent oil yield from soybeans.

REUTERS / ABC News is being sued for $1.2 billion by a South Dakota meat processor that claims it was defamed and viewers misled by reports that suggested “pink slime” was unsafe. In court documents, Beef Products Inc. says ABC falsely told viewers that its “lean finely textured beef” was not safe, not healthy, and not even meat. Beef Products is the largest U.S. producer of the product, a filler made from fatty trimmings sprayed with ammonia to kill bacteria and sold to companies such as McDonald’s, Taco Bell and Safeway. The company says the media furor forced it to shut three of its four plants, eliminate more than 700 jobs, and lose more than $20 million of revenue each month. The suit, which also names ABC News anchor Diane Sawyer, is “without merit” and will be contested “vigorously,” said senior ABC official.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Incredible hulks — Prairie style

EU announces major shift in biofuel policy Crop-based biofuels will be limited to five per cent of transport fuel By Barbara Lewis and Michele Kambas brussels / nicosia / reuters

T

These bison living in the Lake Audy Bison enclosure at Riding Mountain National Park aren’t noticing the cooler temperatures yet.  photo: donna gamache

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he European Commission announced a major shift in biofuel policy Sept. 17, saying it plans to limit crop-based biofuels to five per cent of transport fuel, after campaigners said existing rules take food out of people’s mouths. Record-high global grain prices have intensified calls for changes in EU and U.S. biofuel policies, criticized for snatching away land that should be used for food. EU Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard and Energy Commissioner Guenther Oettinger confirmed in a joint statement they wanted to cap the use of crop-based fuel. “It is wrong to believe that we are pushing food-based biofuels,” the commissioners said. “In our upcoming proposal for new legislation, we do exactly the contrary: we limit them to the current consumption level, that is five per cent up to 2020.” Reuters earlier reported that the European Commission would seek to impose a limit on the use of crop-based biofuels of five per cent as part of a target to raise the share of renewable fuel in the transport mix to 10 per cent by 2020. The draft proposals, which are expected to be published in October, will need the approval of EU governments and lawmakers to become law. “The commission’s message for post-2020 is that our clear preference is biofuels produced from non-food feedstocks, like waste or agricultural residues such as straw,” Monday’s statement from the commissioners said. “These new types of biofuels are not in competition with food, nor do they require additional

Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through StewardshipSM (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of BiotechnologyDerived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through StewardshipSM is a service mark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® agricultural herbicides. Roundup® agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Acceleron® seed treatment technology for corn is a combination of four separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients metalaxyl, trifloxystrobin, ipconazole, and clothianidin. Acceleron®, Acceleron and Design®, DEKALB®, DEKALB and Design®, Genuity®, Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Roundup®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup Ready 2 Technology and Design®, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, RIB Complete and Design™, RIB Complete™, SmartStax®, SmartStax and Design®, VT Double PRO™, VT Triple PRO™ and YieldGard VT Triple® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, Monsanto Canada, Inc. licensee. LibertyLink® and the Water Droplet Design are trademarks of Bayer. Used under license. Herculex® is a registered trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC. Used under license. Respect the Refuge and Design is a registered trademark of the Canadian Seed Trade Association. Used under license. (3701-MON-E-12)

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land. We are pushing biofuels that help us cutting substantial CO2emissions, do not compete with food, and are sustainable and green at the same time.”

Tough target

With the 10 per cent target looking very difficult, energy ministers meeting informally in Cyprus, holder of the EU presidency, debated how biofuels could be developed sustainably. Speaking on the sidelines of the meeting, Oettinger said increasing the use of biofuels depended on developing a new generation of sources. These second-generation biofuels are much more costly than those made from crops such as rapeseed and wheat. “I think we agree that a higher figure for that mixture of biofuel beyond five per cent can only be achieved from a second-generation source, not from crops but agricultural waste and leftovers instead of from food crops,” he told reporters. Campaign group Oxfam urged ministers to support the proposed EU limit and to ignore warnings from biofuel producers that the plans would hurt Europe’s economy and result in job losses. “European governments and the European Commission must not cave in to pressure from the biofuels industry,” said Natalia Alonso, head of Oxfam’s EU office. “We cannot continue to burn food in our petrol tanks while poor families go hungry.” The EU’s biofuel goal to source 10 per cent of road transport from renewable sources by the end of the decade is part of an overall aim to increase use of renewable sources and limit carbon emissions. It also has a goal to draw 20 per cent of the total energy mix from green energy.

brief

High prices see farm aid fall brussels / reuters High commodity prices have pushed farm subsidies — as a share of farm income — to their lowestever level, says a new study. Public support to farmers in 2011 was $252 billion, or 19 per cent of gross farm receipts, the lowest level since the Paris-based Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development began measuring aid in the mid-1980s. And budget woes may see levels far further. The report predicts farm aid will be increasingly tied to improving environmental performance, boosting productivity and managing production risk. Subsidies were lowest in New Zealand, Australia and Chile at less than four per cent of farm income and highest in Japan, South Korea and Switzerland at more than 50 per cent. Europe came in at 18 per cent and the U.S. at eight per cent.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

After drought blights crops, U.S. farmers face toxin threat Late-season rains could cause nitrogen levels in stressed corn plants to spike By Michael Hirtzer and Meredith Davis chicago / reuters

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he worst U.S. drought in five decades has parched the land and decimated crops. It now threatens to deal a second blow to farmers, who may have to throw out tonnes of toxic feed. G r ow e r s a re r u s h i n g t o check the nitrate levels of that silage, the stalks and leaves that corn farmers often harvest to feed to locally raised cattle or hogs. Agriculture groups are warning farmers that drought-hit plants may have failed to process nitrogen fertilizer due to stunted growth, making them poisonous to livestock. Exceptionally early-spring planting has caused a crush of early-summer requests for the tests. Farmers are also expected to chop down a near-record swathe of their fields for silage to make up for this year’s poor yields. “We’ve had a lot of walkin business and normally we are not a walk-in business,” said Lola Manning, a 30-year employee of Agri-King, a laboratory that tests for nitrates and other toxins. “At this point it’s the busiest I’ve seen it.” Manning said the facility, approved by the National Forage Testing Association, checked about 400 samples — roughly double the norm — in July. So far, few samples have shown elevated levels of toxins, she said. But late-season rains — far too tardy to help salvage the corn crop — could prompt mostly mature plants to draw even more nitrogen out of the soil and into the stalks. “The tests are coming out OK but as soon as they have rain, the situation will change,” Manning said.

So far, so good

Two months of dry weather and high heat that stunted plants and shrivelled ears likely caused the absorption of excessive amounts of nitrogen, experts say. Instead of being distributed safely through the plant, the chemical built up in the lower portions of the stalk at potentially toxic levels. Kenny Wagler, a dairy farmer in Nashville, Indiana who also farms 2,500 acres (1,000 hectares) of corn and pasture, is testing his corn for the first time since the last major drought in 1988. “It’s almost never a factor,” said Wagler, who raises about 1,500 dairy cows and cattle, adding that he is testing this year on recommendation from his farm nutritionist. Nearly half of what he typically harvests to sell as a cash corn crop will be cut for silage this year because most of the plants had no ears of grain. In the worst-case scenario, silage with high levels of nitrate can be absorbed into an animal’s bloodstream, causing poisoning leading to death.

Low grain yields, more silage?

Farmers are expected to harvest more of their corn crop for silage than usual this season

due to poor yields, which are forecast by the USDA to be the lowest in 17 years. As many as nine million acres — or nine per cent of the corn crop — may not be harvested for grain this year, according to USDA data. That would be the most abandoned acres in a decade. Much of that will be used instead as silage. At Agri-King in western Illinois, tests cost $8 per sample for nitrate. Farmers are advised to take six stalks, chop them up and put them into a bag for testing.

“At this point it’s the busiest I’ve seen it.” Lola Manning Agri-King Labs

Nitrate levels under 4,400 parts per million are considered safe while those over 15,000 ppm are considered potentially toxic and should not be fed to livestock, said Randy Shaver, extension dairy nutritionist at the University of Wisconsin. At between 8,800 and 15,000 ppm, silage should be limited to less than half of the total feed ration and well fortified with minerals, data from that university showed. However, acceptable nitrate levels vary slightly from state to state. “We’ve had quite a few tests that have come in at 14,000 parts per million or higher, and that seems to come up after a rain,” said Travis Meteer, a beef extension specialist at the University of Illinois, one of several universities to issue bulletins about nitrates in silage in recent weeks.

Tom Lubbehusen, owner of Lubbehusen Farm, cuts and grinds the droughteffect corn in the field on his farm to make feed for his cattle as the corn was damaged from drought conditions in Dale, Indiana. Farmers are being advised to have their forage tested for high nitrate levels.  photo: REUTERS/John Sommers II

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Manitoba Co-operator Jr. Page 4/C 8.125” x 10”


36

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

BRIEFS

GRAZING BEAUTIES

China may dip into soybean reserves

A band of mares enjoys the late August grass on a hilltop along the Souris River southeast of Coulter.

PHOTO: SHARLENE BENNIE

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NEW ORLEANS / REUTERS / China, the world’s top buyer of soybeans, may be forced to keep reducing its strategic stockpiles of soybeans in coming months to keep a lid on rising food prices. “Chinese stocks probably, at the moment, are around 13 million tonnes,” said Thomas Mielke, editor of Hamburg-based newsletter Oil World. “They may be forced to reduce stocks by something like four million to five million tonnes of their reserve, if not more, by February.” Mielke said high prices caused by the devastating U.S. drought has Chinese authorities thinking about tapping stocks. “Will they do this or will they decide that it is too risky to reduce stocks given the uncertainty of South American weather?” Mielke said. Recent floods in Argentina affected hundreds of thousands of acres and no one knows how much of the flooded lands won’t be planted over the next three months. “South American production is not guaranteed,” Mielke said.

Canola council gets consultation cash STAFF / The federal government has given the Canola Council of Canada $43,000 to consult with key research partners to create a targeted plan for improving the crop. “Research is fundamental to our industry and to the profitability of our growers, but we need to make sure we get it right,” said Canola Council of Canada president Patti Miller in a release. “This funding will allow us to lead a collaborative effort to identify our research priorities and ensure that we are getting the best value from our future research investments.” Canola generates approximately $5.6 billion in farm cash receipts each year. On average, Canadiangrown canola contributes $15.4 billion to the Canadian economy, including more than 228,000 Canadian jobs and $8.2 billion in wages annually. The funds are coming out of the Agricultural Innovation Program.


37

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Swedish farmers find sustainable practices make good economic sense Variable-rate fertilizing and composting has made this Swedish farm more profitable while earning it environmental honours By Alexis Kienlen FBC STAFF / SANGA SABY, SWEDEN

F

arming sustainably can be good for the bank account, according to a Swedish couple who have b e e n h o n o u re d f o r t h e i r environmental stewardship. “One of my goals in life is to implement changes as long as they are profitable,” Ha k a n E r i k s s o n re c e n t l y told a group of visiting international journalists. “Making a profit is not always about short-term economic gains, neither is profit always monetary.” Hakan, a third-generation farmer, and wife Teri Lee (who was born in the U.S. Midwest but emigrated to Sweden 30 years) farm near the Baltic Sea and were recognized for their dedication to reducing nitrogen and phosphorus losses on their farm. “We are well aware of the impact our farming practices have on the aquatic environment,” said Teri Lee. The couple grows grains, canola, oilseeds, flax, field

peas and hay on 600 acres (all but 100 rented) at Wiggleby Farm, located near Lake Malaren, the primary water source for the Stockholm area. They have four employees, but Teri Lee has off-farm employment. Better management of manure and fertilizer has been a focus for 20 years, and the Erikssons document everything done on the farm in a database. “As it turns out, making better use of our resources has led to better efficiency a s w e l l ,” s a i d Te r i L e e . “Incorporating pro-environmental efforts has become one of the major building blocks of the farm.” The farm uses a central heating furnace which burns logs, wood stumps

and straw ; uses nitrogen sensor equipment to limit the use of fertilizer; and has a large-scale compost facility to recycle waste. The couple uses a Yara N sensor tractor (also known as a Green Seeker) for variablerate far ming, and Hakan said that has significantly reduced nutrient leaching without affecting yields. The compost facility, which uses horse manure and waste from neighbouring greenhouses, will eventually supply 50 per cent of the phosphorus and 10 per cent of the nitrogen they require for their crops. “Analysis showed that one tonne of this compost contained two kilos of nitrogen and 1.4 kilos of phosphorus,” Teri Lee said.

“We are well aware of the impact our farming practices have on the aquatic environment.”

TERI LEE ERIKSSON

Records fall in 15-month U.S. warm spell WASHINGTON / REUTERS

The compost also provides organic matter for their clay soils. “ We have tur ned waste into a profitable business o p p o r t u n i t y, p r ov i d e d a service for our community and reduced the leakage of nutrients,” she said. T h e c o u p l e a l s o w o rk s with other farmers to share knowledge about sustainable practices and new environmental technologies and said they believe knowledge should be shared internationally. “ What works in Germany may work in Poland,” said Teri Lee. “Knowledge and understanding, along with profitability, are keys t o c re a t i n g a c h a n g e i n attitude about the environment.” The couple was named 2 0 1 0 B a l t i c S e a Fa r m ers of the Year. The award was created by the WWF ( World Wildlife Fund) and Swedbank in 2009. Finland, Poland, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Estonia and Sweden are the participating countries.

T

he first eight months of 2012 have been the warmest of any year on record in the U.S. and this summer has been the third-hottest since record-keeping began in 1895. Each of the last 15 months has seen above-average temperatures, something that has never happened before, said climate scientist Jake Crouch. Winter, spring and summer 2012 have all been among the top-five hottest for their respective seasons, and that too is unique. “We’re now, in terms of statistics, in unprecedented territory for how long this warm spell has continued in the contiguous U.S.,” Crouch said. Weather and climate are different entities, but this kind of warmth is typical of what other climate scientists have predicted. “Extreme heat is closely tied to climate change, and this summer’s heat wave left a global warming signature in the data, particularly in the ratio of record high to record low temperatures,” said Alyson Kenward of the non-profit research and journalism organization Climate Central.

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38

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

Beef industry says it’s focused on top-value exports

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The sector has developed a brand strategy to help it market globally By Alex Binkley CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR / OTTAWA

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espite a recent report that says they’re stuck in a competitive rut, Canadian cattle producers are focused on expanding overseas markets, says Dennis Laycraft, executive vice-president of the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association. “We’re looking for the highest-priced markets,” he said. “We prefer to produce more and import less.” The report by the Canadian Agriculture Policy Institute (CAPI) says the beef industry hasn’t kept pace with changes in the world market in the past decade, and is overdependent on the U.S. market. But Laycraft said the industry has established Canada Brand Inc. to develop a global marketing strategy that will make the country a premium supplier around the world, with Mexico, Europe and Japan being targeted as key markets for additional sales. Canada is pushing for increased beef and pork access as part of the proposed free trade deal with Europe, which is supposed to be concluded by year’s end. However, the CAPI report notes about 85 per cent of Canada’s beef and cattle exports go to the U.S. The think-tank says the country is at risk of becoming a net importer of beef and “needs a robust, long-term strategy – and a sustained commitment to execute the strategy – if it wishes to secure its place as a competitive force in domestic and global markets.” Canada Brand will do that, Laycraft responded. But the U.S. likes grain-fed beef and Canadians have worked hard at becoming just-in-time suppliers of live animals and meat. “Other countries are quite envious of our free trade status,” he said. Laycraft also noted “there are only two major processors in Canada, so American plants are important for our competitiveness.” CAPI highlighted the decline in the national herd, which has decreased by one million head, or 20 per cent, since 2005. But high prices will encourage farmers to rebuild cow herds, said Laycraft. He also said Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Market Access Secretariat has helped the industry find more foreign customers.

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39

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETING FEATURE

Now everything is a cash crop, including wheat In the early days of an open market, wheat prices are all over the map By Phil Franz-Warkentin Commodity News Service Canada

C

anola has been the go to post-harvest pricing option in Western Canada in recent years, but the newly opened wheat market may lead to some additional off-the-combine cash flow opportunities. “We look at the whole farm a lot differently now,” said Derek Squair, president of Agri-Trend Marketing Inc. in Winnipeg. Typically peas and canola would be the primary crops sold for cash flow, “but now we can use wheat for cash flow needs as well.” “For cash flow needs, we have a strategy around variable costs and cash flow, versus where we think the market will go in the long term,” said Squair. He said the open wheat market created more signals for farmers to capitalize on in both the short term and the long term. However, just because wheat is now easier to sell, it doesn’t necessarily mean that now is the time to sell it. Wheat is a lot more complex than the other non-board grains, with additional grading factors and other channels where the grain moves. “With wheat, there are still way more variables than there are with canola,” said Reid Fenton, of BLB Grain Group in Alberta. As a result, for the most part, “we’re recommending that guys get their wheat in the bin and check their specs to know what they have before they sell it… and then try to match sales.” Fenton said bin space was not an issue this year, which should allow producers to store their wheat until needed. Wildly divergent basis levels from company to company and from day to day also create some additional uncertainty in selling wheat compared to canola.

Wide protein values

The protein spread has also essentially disappeared, with no real common pricing from one company to the next. As an example, Fenton said a 1 CWRS 13.5 per cent at one company might be worth more than a 1

Wheat is a more complex crop to market that canola or most other crops.   FILE PHOTO

CWRS 15.5 per cent at another company. “Guys really need to do their homework to make sure they know what they have and what they’re getting on the other end from the contract,” said Fenton. “Just because someone grades something better, they might be paying less money than a different company.” With a number of variables still up in the air, Fenton said the wildly swinging basis levels would settle themselves out post-harvest. Squair said U.S. wheat growers can currently see about 80 cents per bushel better basis opportunities than farmers on the Canadian side of the border, but with the grain now conceivably competing into the same markets, there should be room for Canadian basis to narrow in. Actual marketing decisions will change on a case-by-case basis, but overall Squair thinks wheat has more room to go higher than canola. As a result, he recommended selling those commodities with a narrower basis, such as canola, over wheat in the current environment.

Some companies are already offering contracting options for wheat out to 2013, which means producers have forward-pricing options that were currently unavailable. Fenton said some growers were already able to lock in some wheat at C$8.50 per bushel for next year. “Right, wrong, or otherwise — if they’re making money on that — it’s a good price.”

“Just because someone grades something better, they might be paying less money than a different company.” Reid Fenton

BLB Grain Group

Canola may wait

With wheat now trading in a more similar fashion to the other crops, canola exporters may run into some challenges getting timely deliveries, according to some market participants. Now that growers can sell their wheat and other board grains into the cash pipeline, canola exporters may run into some challenges getting timely deliveries. The key thing will be keeping the pipeline fluid, for both canola and wheat. “You don’t want to run the pipeline dry, because every month you lose shipping is a month you don’t get back,” said Lach Coburn, shipping manager with Cargill Ltd. in

Vancouver. He said there were still many unknowns as to how farmers will want to market their grains and oilseeds, but was confident the overall market would sort itself out in the next few weeks. Adrian Man, a trader for JRI in Winnipeg, said the demand for wheat hasn’t really changed, although there are now more sellers in the mix. “When you’re first starting, everyone has to make some adjustments,” he said, but noted that product is still moving and most companies are already experienced in handling the different types of wheat.


40

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETING FEATURE Sunflowers bounce back in Manitoba Most of this year’s crop was contracted, so spot opportunities are limited By Phil Franz-Warkentin COMMODITY NEWS SERVICE CANADA

Manitoba farmers will harvest another record soy crop this year.

©THINKSTOCK

Marketing soy a new experience for many regional producers Options include local processors and direct into the U.S. By Dwayne Klassen COMMODITY NEWS SERVICE CANADA

R

ecord-high soybean acres combined with normal to above-average yield potential is expected to translate into a good crop for Manitoba farmers to market this crop year. Producers in the province seeded a record 844,000 acres this year, putting Manitoba ahead of Quebec in the race to be the second-largest producer of the crop in Canada behind Ontario. That area is well ahead of the previous record of 578,000 acres of soybeans in 2011 and early indications are that as much as 1.2 million to 1.3 million acres may be seeded in the spring of 2013 if conditions and the weather co-operate. Yields for the crop that is in the process of being harvested this fall are falling in the 25- to 40-bushel an acre range, said MAFRI pulse crop specialist Dennis Lange. He said the early-maturing varieties of soybeans were averaging in the 25to 30-bushel an acre range. Crops that were harvested recently averaged in the 35-bushel range while the later-maturing varieties were up to 40 bushel per acre

level due to benefit from the late-summer precipitation. “When the dust settles we are likely to see soybean yields in the province average in the 30-bushel-per-acre range,” Lange said. During the 2011 growing season, soybean yields in Manitoba averaged around 26 bushels, when dry conditions reduced yield potential.

Marketing channels

However, with the soybean harvest complete in the province, the question then becomes on what to do with those supplies. Some farmers will need to deliver soybeans right off the combine, while others may choose to store the crop on farm waiting for that chance to sell the crop when values in the U.S. finally hit US$20 per bushel (assuming that some price projections from bullishly minded analysts come true). Other choices for soybeans grown in Manitoba would be to deliver to local grain elevators looking for soybeans, or others who can market the commodity in the U.S. There are also two local soybean processors in the province — Natural Protein Inc., of Blumenort and Delmar Commodities, which have a plant at Jordan Corner south of Carman.

While both plants purchase a fair amount of locally grown Manitoba soybeans, there is still a large portion of the crop that is grown in the province that is shipped to the U.S.. That is where things can start to be a bit complicated. There are a few farmers who live just a few miles away from the U.S. border and have marketed grain in the U.S. for as long as they have been running their farm, said Darcy Caners, with MarketLine Brokerage Solutions. They know how to complete all the necessary paperwork to move those soybeans to the plants in the U.S., including making the trucking arrangements. However, for the growers who have not yet shipped grain or oilseed products to the U.S., contacting a brokerage outlet or a grain company will likely be a good step, Caners said. Soybean production in Manitoba totalled roughly 400,000 tonnes in the 2011-12 (Aug./Jul.) season while in 2012-13 that level was seen rising to the 950,000 tonnes based on current yield estimates. With this year’s soybean harvest, Manitoba was likely to ship between 500,000 to 600,000 tonnes of soybeans to the U.S., industry participants projected.

Early reports are pointing to a large, high-quality sunflower crop that will help replenish supplies in Manitoba. After planting only 35,000 acres of sunflowers in 2011, due to adverse spring conditions, area in the province bounced back in 2012 with seeded area pegged at 110,000 acres by Statistics Canada. Earlier this month, Grant Fehr of Keystone Grain Ltd. in Winkler said quality and yields were both “above average to fantastic” for both oilseed and confectionery varieties. From a pricing standpoint, Fehr said anything moving this fall will have been contracted earlier, with any spot opportunities few and far between. “The contracts will come in, and then we’ll buy the overage,” said Fehr noting that the majority of the sunflowers grown in the province are contracted. This year, Manitoba farmers were able to contract confectionery sunflowers at 30 to 35 cents per pound, with oilseeds generally contracted around 30 cents. As far as spot bids are concerned, he said large supplies in Argentina were keeping some caution in the market, with the outcome of seeding operations in the South American country a month from now likely providing a clearer signal for pricing the uncontracted Manitoba supplies at that time.

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41

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETING FEATURE

Corn harvest off to an early start Manitoba corn growers were more fortunate than their U.S. neighbours this year By Terryn Shiells COMMODITY NEWS SERVICE CANADA

A

larger-than-normal amount of Manitoba corn is expected to enter the market this fall, as more producers will be selling their grain straight off the combine to take advantage of high prices. “I would expect more corn to be pushed into the market this fall than normal because the prices are high and farmers don’t want to have the corn in the bin and all of a sudden the price collapses,” said Myron Krahn, vicepresident of the Manitoba Corn Growers Association. Corn prices in Manitoba are higher this year because they followed the drought-driven rally in the U.S. this summer. But, where producers sell their corn probably won’t change, Krahn said. Most of the corn grown in Manitoba is sold to the Husky ethanol plant in Minnedosa, while the rest is sent to feedlots or the Diageo distillery in Gimli.

“There’s earliermaturing hybrid seeds available to producers that make it a fit for those western areas of the province, where they typically haven’t grown corn before.” PAM DE ROCQUIGNY

Corn producers had just begun harvesting in mid-September, which was ahead of the normal pace, Pam de Rocquigny, special crops agronomist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, said. She said early reported yields ranged from 70 to 130 bushels per acre, which compares to the 10-year provincial average of about 83 bushels an acre. Most corn producers in Manitoba should be finished combining by the end of October. Crop quality was reported as good during the early part of the harvest, and most producers weren’t concerned about issues, Krahn said. “Normally we are worried about frost,” he said. “But, this year most of our corn crop is mature already so any frost from this point forward won’t have any damaging effects.”

Area expanding

Statistics Canada pegged corn production in Manitoba for the 2012-13 (August/July) crop year at 688,400 tonnes in its Aug. 22 report, up from the 2011-12 number of 414,000 tonnes. The higher expected production is due to more planted acreage. De Rocquigny said the area where corn is grown in Mani-

toba is expanding, especially in the western part of the province. “There’s earlier-maturing hybrid seeds available to producers that make it a fit for those western areas of the province, where they typically haven’t grown corn before,” she said. More producers also planted corn because of strong commodity prices, both Krahn and de Rocquigny said. Seeded acreage for corn in Manitoba for the 2013-14 crop year is expected to be similar or slightly higher compared

to what was planted in 2012-13, Krahn said. “If this price stays where it is throughout the winter, I would fully expect next growing season to have the same kind of acres if not higher in Manitoba,” said Krahn. Whether farmers plant corn next season will also depend on weather conditions in the spring, de Rocquigny said. “Corn is considered a longseason crop here in Manitoba. So, often seeding conditions in the spring may have more of an impact on what actually gets planted than commodity prices will,” she said.

Most of this year’s crop is expected to continue to go to the Husky ethanol plant at Minnedosa.


42

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETING FEATURE

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U.S. says “protectionist” Brazil policy hurting trade Monetary expansion has “distorted” rates, says Brazil Reuters WASHINGTONSAO PAULO

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.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk urged Brazil to reconsider plans for tariff increases, prompting a stinging rebuke of American monetary policy that has “distorted” global exchange rates. The spat drew attention to growing trade barriers in the world’s No. 6 economy as it struggles to emerge from a year of disappointing growth and highlighted Brazil’s sensitivity to the latest aggressive stimulus by the U.S. Federal Reserve. In a letter to Brazil’s foreign minister, Kirk expressed “in strong and clear terms” the U.S. concerns about plans to raise import tariffs on 100 foreign products, warning that they could spark retaliation from trade partners. Foreign Minister Antonio de Aguiar Patriota replied in a letter Sept. 20 that the currency effects of U.S. monetary stimulus had forced Brazil to confront “a flood of imported goods at artificially low prices.” Patriota emphasized that the measures were “legitimate instr uments” under World Trade Organization ( W TO) rules. The temporary increase in levies, initially for a year, would apply to products ranging from

glass to iron pipes and bus tires. The rate will roughly double to 25 per cent for most of those products. Kirk said the United States expects scheduled tariff increases around Sept. 25 to “significantly hit U.S. exports to Brazil in key areas of export interest to the United States.”

“United States expects scheduled tariff increases around Sept. 25 to significantly hit U.S. exports to Brazil in key areas of export interest to the US.” RON KIRK

U.S. Trade Representative

Patriota answered that the U.S. has been one of the main beneficiaries of a stronger Brazilian currency, which hit a 12-year high last year. American exports to Brazil nearly doubled from 2007 to 2011, he said, as Brazil went from the 16th to the eighth biggest market for U.S. goods. “It would be fairer if those increases took place in an environment not distorted by

exchange rate misalignments and blatant government support,” Patriota wrote.

Controversial farm policy

Brazil’s moves to raise import tariffs repeatedly over the past year “clearly represent protectionist measures,” Kirk said, risking similar measures from trade partners, which “would amplify the negative impact” of Brazil’s actions. But Patriota called Brazilian policy “WTO-consistent,” contrasting it with “illegal subsidization of farm products by the United States, which impact Brazil and other developing countries, including some of the poorest countries in Africa.” Brazilian officials have long complained about U.S. farm policy and in recent years decried the Fed policy as one front in a global “currency war” distorting trade flows. The Federal Reser ve launched a third round of unconventional monetary easing this month, pledging to buy $40 billion of mortgage-backed securities per month in order to bring down interest rates. Lower returns in the U.S. and other developed markets have driven hot money flows into emerging markets such as Brazil in recent years, pushing up the value of their currencies and making imports cheaper in their domestic markets.

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43

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

GRAIN MARKETING FEATURE

The EU grain cupboard is nearly bare A recent quiet depletion in EU-area grain stocks is worthy of attention By Gavin Maguire chicago / reuters

C

rop production problems across South and North America in 2012 have understandably hogged a majority of grain-trader attention this year, with the remainder of market focus residing on the consumption pace out of China and other top purchasers. But a quiet depletion in EUarea grain stocks has been occurring over the past several months that is worthy of attention. Over the past year, EU inventories of barley, corn, rye and wheat are down by 30 per cent or more, while stocks of rice and other mixed grains have also shown double-digit per centage reductions. It’s important not to overlook Europe, which is the world’s top consuming region of barley, oats, rye and wheat and which faces critically tight inventories of all grain staples as we look toward 2013.

steadily in recent months after dry weather damaged crops across the Black Sea area this summer and limited rains impeded crop development in Australia, the No. 2 shipper of the grain after the United States. But while the EU has been an established wheat exporter for decades, it is being called upon to increase export tonnage just as its share of global wheat inventories is at an alltime low. This projected rise in EU wheat shipments just as the bloc’s stocks decline to critically tight levels could spark a response by European wheat consumers, who up till now have likely been preoccupied with following the dramatic macro-level political and economic events in the region.

Should those buyers attempt to secure their own supply requirements in competition with overseas purchasers, a surge in EU wheat prices could occur. Such an event would likely steer buying interest to the United States, which continues to boast ample wheat inventories. But with U.S. wheat trading at a premium to European values, and freight costs to the Middle East substantially higher from the United States than from Europe, panicky wheat buyers on Europe’s doorstep may move to scoop up European wheat supplies as quickly as possible even if EU prices start to edge above U.S. values. Gavin Maguire is a Reuters market analyst.

Corn, sorghum and wheat output from the region has shown year-over-year reductions to eat into fresh supplies of those grains, even as overall consumption rates have remained fairly steady.

One of the main factors that led to this lowering in EU crop stockpiles has been some area production problems in 201112. Corn, sorghum and wheat output from the region has shown year-over-year reductions to eat into fresh supplies of those grains, even as overall consumption rates have remained fairly steady. But stockpiles have also been reduced by sharply lower crop imports. Frozen credit markets and growing economic uncertainty have resulted in barley, corn and rye imports being cut by roughly 50 per cent versus 2011 levels, while wheat imports declined by nearly 25 per cent. The net result is a fairly bare grain cupboard in Europe, and a notable tightening in the area’s stocks-to-use ratios. Lackluster commercial activity coupled with political and social upheaval in the area have so far kept this low level of crop inventories off consumer radars. But attention will likely return to crop reserves once European wheat exports tick higher later this year and into 2013 as the shortfall of fresh s u p p l i e s f ro m Ru s s i a a n d Ukraine sparks a rise in wheat import demand in areas such as the Middle East and North Africa. Together, those import more wheat than all of Asia. Prospects for increased EU wheat exports have improved

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

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The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

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Animal euthanasia:

Presenting complex questions for producers Humane euthanasia is important for the animals, people and public perceptions of animal industry By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF

I

f you’re going to raise livestock, you inevitably must deal with deadstock — and sometimes you have to put it out of its misery. While euthanasia is an accepted reality of animal production, its human toll is often ignored, industry observers say. “I think in the last few years we have realized the importance of euthanasia in terms of animal welfare, and for the perception and the viability of our industry,” said Tina Widowski, a University of Guelph researcher who specializes in farm animal welfare. “We’ve also realized the importance of it from the perspective of the stockperson.” Despite the fact animals will get sick or injured — be it a household pet, a farm animal or a lab animal — openly discussing euthanasia is taboo for some people. But the issue was brought to the forefront recently when a provincial official responding to a complaint regarding a hog farm near Austin euthanized 1,300 young pigs with rifles. “Somebody has to do it and I have great respect for the people from the province who undertake these mass euthanizations with farm animals. It’s not easy to do,” said Winnipeg Humane Society CEO Bill McDonald. There are emotional risks that come with repeat or intense exposure to animal euthanizations, including the development of compassion fatigue, he said. Also known as secondary traumatic

stress disorder, the condition is often linked to professions like nursing and policing, and is associated with a gradual erosion of a person’s ability to be compassionate over time. It may prompt feelings of hopelessness, stress, pervasive negativity and anxiety as well. Organizations like the Winnipeg Humane Society offer staff resources to cope with compassion fatigue, and veterinarians may have access to professional training, but stockpersons confronted with the need to put down animals may not have the same emotional tools available to them. “We always try to schedule euthanasia at the end of the day, so that we don’t have to dwell on what we’ve done for the rest of the day, and we can go home to our families and happy events, and manage that,” said Richard Hodges, director of animal care and veterinary services at the University of Manitoba.

Moot point

Some dismiss issues around euthanasia, arguing farm animals are designed for dinner plates and how or when they are killed is a moot point. But others contend the context in which livestock is killed plays a role in a person’s ability to rationalize and deal with the situation. “The kind of psychological frame or interpretation we put on events does play a really important role in terms of how we feel about it, and how we’re able to cope with it,” said Ed Johnson, a psychology professor at University of Manitoba.

Killing a sick animal to end its suffering, or slaughtering an animal for food, may impact a person differently than killing a healthy animal because resources are scarce, or putting down a shelter animal no one wants. Mass culls can be the most traumatic for participants. In 2001, an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in the Netherlands required the killing of 27,000 dairy cows. Of the 661 farmers affected, about half were found to be suffering from severe post-traumatic distress following the cull. For those left with feelings of distress after such events, Johnson said it’s important to seek help, even by talking to people you trust. “Many people find a lot of relief in doing that,” he said. But if distress persists after a few months, it might be time to talk to your employer about adjusting responsibilities, or even seeking out counselling, said Johnson. However, the dichotomy between caring for and slaughtering animals is something farmers have always had to reconcile. “My intuition is, that in order to feel happy and content in your work as a farmer... you probably have a certain philosophy or outlook on the issue that helps you have a good relationship with your animals on the one hand, and on the other hand, understand that at the end of the day these animals are going to serve as food for all of us,” said Johnson. shannon.vanraes@fbcpublishing.com

Researchers seek better tools Different methods can have different effects Euthanasia remains an important tool in animal industry to maintain herd health, stop the spread of disease or prevent financial loss, said Tina Widowski, a University of Guelph researcher who specializes in farm animal welfare. The Ontario-based researcher and her students recently evaluated a device called the Zephyr, designed to kill piglets using an air-powered, non-penetrating captive bolt. “What’s nice about the Zephyr is that is doesn’t penetrate the head... just a divot and bruising, so you can see the skull has been crushed, but it’s not as if there is any brain matter showing,” she said. “I know this is gory, but this is a very gory subject.” And as effective as the device is in rendering the pig insensible and causing brain death, the effects of the device are also easier for the stockperson using it, she said. “(Euthanasia) is hard on a stockperson, it’s hard on a researcher, it’s hard on everyone,” said Widowski. “But things can be done to make it easier.” Public perceptions are also important. Widowski notes a single, properly directed blow from something like a metal pipe can result in an immediate and humane death for some species if other options aren’t available. But this carries the risk of generating negative perceptions. “The aesthetics are poor, and if the animal goes into convulsions and it ends up on YouTube... well, people don’t understand,” she said, adding convulsions occur when an animal is unconscious and unable to feel pain.

Methods

This 2001 photo from the foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in the Netherlands shows how tensions can be overwhelming when mass euthanization of animals is required. Dutch riot police were called in after angry farmers hung culled pigs in trees and dumped them in a ditch in protest. The government officials did not collect all the carcasses of pigs culled in a bid to quash the outbreak. REUTERS

In animal shelters an overdose of barbiturates — preceded by a sedative — is a common and effective way to humanely put an animal down, said Winnipeg Humane Society executive director Bill McDonald. But, he added, in remote locations or on farm operations that’s not often feasible. “Manitoba is still very rural,” he said, adding veterinarians aren’t always nearby, and may not offer methods of euthanasia suitable for livestock populations. Although some in animal welfare circles might give him flack for it, McDonald believes shooting an animal is an acceptable and humane method of euthanasia. “There are times and locations where that is the only option,” he said, pointing to “dog shoot” days held in some northern communities as an example. But that doesn’t mean taking potshots from the back of a pickup, he said. “It’s up close, it’s personal and it’s one shot,” he said.


46

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

COLUMN

Mycoplasma — a new disease in feedlot cattle Neither a bacteria nor a virus, there are no vaccinations for the disease Roy Lewis, DVM Beef 911

T

here has recently been lots of attention toward an apparent new disease in feedlot cattle. It is often associated with problems in the chronic p e n , n a m e l y t h e c h ro n i c pneumonias and arthritis. Researchers still don’t know all the in and outs of the course of the infection. We d o k n ow t h a t m y c o plasma (which is classified between a bacteria and a virus) is present in the lungs of healthy cattle and is an opportunist. It sets up infection when the lungs or joints are dealing with other infections. An autopsy shows wellestablished mycoplasma infections either in the lungs or joints so it is no wonder antibiotics and other medications have no chance of c o r re c t i n g t h e i n f e c t i o n . Therefore the key is prevention, as treatment once infection is established is pretty much useless. It is imperative to minimize stress, provide adequate nutrition and do all the things necessary to keep the calves’ immune system primed. There is no doubt

that pre-immunization against the other respiratory pathogens (ideally before weaning and the stress of transport) will go along way to preventing occurrence. The respiratory pathogens like BVD, pasteurella, mannheimia and histophilus (the new haemophilus) all can be included in immunization programs. Mycoplasma is always found in mixed infections with these other organisms. The damaged lung tissue provides the right environment for mycoplasma to grow. There currently is no vaccine in cattle against mycoplasma but there has been one for pigs for years, so I a m s u re re s e a rc h e r s a re working on one in cattle.

Long-term costs

As with other respirator y pathogens, long-distance transportation, mixing of cattle from multiple sources and through auction markets will no doubt increase the incidence. Large feedlots which have to multi-source cattle from long distances will have a higher incidence. It is not only the increased death loss which makes this disease extremely costly to the cattle industr y. Longter m chro nics, increased treatment costs and poor weight gains and feed efficiency on those that do hang

on mean this disease should be high on your list to prevent or control. Extremely stressed cattle (multi-sourced, long haul or purchased in bad weather) should be given metaphylactic antibiotics. In other words if you think a group of cattle have a high likelihood of getting sick, goodquality antibiotics given to the whole group just before they become sick will drastically reduce bovine respiratory disease and keep the resulting mycoplasma pneumonias and joint problems at bay. For years in the feedlots, histophilus was considered the pr imar y infection we saw in arthritic conditions. When mycoplasma was first diagnosed we would see it in mixed infections with histophilus. Commonly it will cause more purulent exudates even outside the joints and around the tendon sheaths. Perhaps the infection was there before and we simply missed it. With better culturing techniques the proper diagnosis is more common. Again, with all the debris in the joints and lungs b e c o m i n g ve r y h a rd e n e d and consolidated, it is no wonder antibiotics will not penetrate these areas. They become chronics and should either be humanely eutha-

The key is prevention, as treatment once infection is established is pretty much useless.

nized or in some cases (with the joint problems) shipped for salvage as long as all antibiotic withdrawals are met.

Prevention key

Prevention is a must at preventing mycoplasma. Generally, the larger the feedlot, the higher the risk with this disease. Why? A combination of many factors makes control at the large feedlots a real challenge. The preferred source for cattle should be single owner, farm direct from those producers who pre-immunize against all the significant diseases in the feedlot. If all procedures such as dehorning, castration have been done on farm protection against disease will be greater. This is near to impossible to achieve in a large feedlot, but even if some pens are sourced this way, attention can be funnelled elsewhere. The larger the feedlot, the further afield cattle must be sourced. It has been proven

that the further calves are shipped and the longer the time away from good-quality feed and water, the higher the incidence of disease. Yo u n e e d t o re c o g n i z e infected animals in your chronic pen and develop a strategy with your herd veterinarian on when it is time to cull or try to salvage those with a reasonable chance of recovering. G o o d p re ve n t i ve m e d icine, pre-immunizing before we a n i n g a n d m i n i m i z i n g stress can go a long way to avoiding mycoplasma in feedlot cattle. Even if a vaccine is developed it will not be a magic bullet and will need to be given ahead of any active infection. Work with your herd veterinarian, and autopsy some from the chronic pen to get a better appreciation of apparent antibiotic failure. Roy Lewis is a large-animal veterinarian practising at the Westlock Veterinary Centre. His main interests are bovine reproduction and herd health.

Manitoba’s Controlled Crop Residue Burning Program

Always Call Before You Burn

1-800-265-1233 Stubble burning restrictions Manitoba’s crop residue burning regulation restricts daytime burning between August 1 and November 15. Burning at night is illegal. Burning within Burning Permit Areas requires a permit issued by Manitoba Conservation. If you do not comply, you may be fined as much as $50,000.

If you must burn, be responsible

Tuesday, October 30, 2012 Viscount Gort Hotel - 1670 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, MB Tickets $100. Reception 5:00 p.m., Dinner 6:00 p.m. Guest speaker: Ian White, President CWB. Please respond by October 8, 2012

Before you burn straw, stubble or chaff this fall, call 1-800-265-1233 or visit manitoba.ca to find out whether burning is allowed in your area that day.

Please make your cheque payable to “Manitoba Agricultural Hall of Fame”.

Burning is permitted only on days when the weather conditions allow for effective smoke dispersion.

For more information contact Judy @ Red River Ex Telephone: 204.888.6990 Fax: 204.888.6992 email: judy.worthington@redriverex.com

It is essential that you make sure appropriate fireguards are in place during a burn and you must supervise your fires at all times.

Mail to: Harvest Gala Dinner 3977 Portage Avenue,Winnipeg, MB R3K 2E8

Consider the alternatives In most years, crop residue management practices can reduce or eliminate the need to burn. For more information, contact your local Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives Growing Opportunities Centre or visit manitoba.ca.

MANITOBA AGRICULTURE HALL 3.00X6.643 000028314r1 4C

www.manitobacooperator.ca     Your online source for the latest in ag news and information.

Manitoba Cooperator 4" x 100 lines


47

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

column

Be strict when dealing with breeding problems A hormone can be used to initiate or enhance estrus in problem sows Bernie Peet Peet on Pigs

T

here is always a tendency to be lenient with s ow s , a n d e s p e c i a l l y gilts, that exhibit some type of breeding problem, usually failure to show estrus. This is particularly true when profitability is low and the cost of culling an animal prematurely weighs on the mind. But hanging on to sub-fertile sows and gilts adds to the tally of non-productive days (NPDs), reducing overall herd productivity. Strict protocols for dealing with such animals are essential if NPDs are to be minimized. One of the most effective tools available to produc ers when dealing with sows and gilts that fail to show estrus is the hormone treatment PG600 (Merck Animal Health), which may be used to initiate or enhance estrus in problem sows. PG600 stimulates the ovary to produce and release follicles. It is most effective when the injection is timed to induce heat and ovulation (which should occur approximately five days after injection) at the same time as a naturally occurring heat is expected t o o c c u r. P G 6 0 0 c a n n o t induce estrus in a sow which has ovulated within 14 days because the sow’s own hormones override the effect of PG600. In situations where it is impossible to know the current stage of the estrus cycle, two injections of PG600 will be necessary, 12 days apart, to ensure that at least one of the injections is given at a time which will result in estr us. It should be noted that PG600 will not induce abortion in pregnant sows and so is entirely safe to use in situations where there is uncertainty about the status of a sow or gilt.

When gilts fail to show heat

One of the largest contributor to NPDs arises from gilts that fail to show estrus during the process of boar stimulation. The level of anestrus exhibited by gilts will be very dependent on the intens i t y o f b o a r e x posure and the quality of heat-checking routines. All too often, substandard procedures are the cause of apparent failure to show heat. Therefore, if the rate of anestrus gilts is more than two per cent, management procedures should be reviewed and improvements made. Assuming that facilities and procedures are adequate, the protocol for dealing with gilts should focus on good boar exposure, with the use of hormone treatment as a last resort. Gilts should be heat checked each day from the start of heat stimulation. Those failing to show estrus 28 days later should be remixed with other anestrus gilts, and moved into a new

All too often, sub-standard procedures are the cause of apparent failure to show heat.

pen which will help to trigger estrus. Releasing them from their pen and allowing them to run up and down the alleyway, preferably gaining contact with other gilts and boars, for one hour a day during the first three days will also help to stimulate the onset of estrus. Daily heat checking should continue until day 49 when they should be given an injection of PG 600. Gilts which fail to come into estrus by day 61 after first boar exposure should be reinjected with PG600. Those still remaining anestrus by day 68 should be selected for culling.

Delayed post-weaning estrus

In a well-managed herd, 95 per cent of sows should show estr us by seven days after weaning, although this figure will be less for first litter sows. Those sows which fail to come into estrus by day seven may be slightly sub-fertile and suffer from reduced productivity (litter size and farrowing rate) if reserved in the period eight to 14 days inclusive post weaning. If this is a problem in first litter weaned sows, the root causes, such as inadequate lactation feed intake or too low a body weight at farrowing, should be investigated and rectified. Where the problem with young females is persistent, routine injection with PG600 at weaning has been shown to significantly enhance the percentage of sows showing heat by day seven and also subsequent farrowing rate and litter size. Sows that fail to show heat after seven days may be mixed into pens with other anestrus sows in an attempt to stimulate them to come into estrus. They should be checked daily for estrus and those failing to show estrus by day 21 post weaning may be injected with PG600, aligning the induced estrus w i t h t h e n a t u ra l l y o c c u rring one at day 26. A large p r o p o r t i o n o f t h e s e s ow s will come into estrus on day 2 5 - 2 6 . Sow s w h i c h f a i l t o come into estrus by day 33 should be re-injected with PG600. Those still remaining anestrus by day 40 post weaning should be culled.

Reduced fertility with returns

A f t e r b re e d i n g , a p ro p o rtion of sows will return to estrus, about two-thirds of these 18-24 days later (regular returns) with the rest (irregular returns) occurring any time after 24 days. By definition, the problem with returns is not one of failure

Good gilt stimulation routines will minimize the number of non-productive days resulting from anestrus.

to show estrus, but the likelihood of lost days due to lower fertility. In a herd with an 85 per cent farrowing rate, the rate for first returns is likely to be about 70 per cent and for second returns 50 per cent or less. Therefore, where possible, second returns should be routinely culled unless they have to be re-served in order to2012_exhib_MC_6x6.625_R_pr.pdf meet breeding tar9/7/12 gets.

Pregnancy testing will identify sows that are not in pig, but where estrus has not been observed. Here again, a strict routine will ensure that sows do not accumulate unnecessary NPDs. Sows identified as non-pregnant during the first scan at 28 to 35 days should be returned to the breeding area and checked daily for estrus. 10:58:41 AM Those not showing estrus by day 37 post service

may be injected with PG600 to coincide the artificial and n a t u ra l l y- o c c u r r i n g e s t r u s at day 42. Sows which fail to come into estrus by day 49 should be re-injected with PG600. Those still remaining anestrus by day 56 should be culled. Bernie Peet is president of Pork Chain Consulting of Lacombe, Alberta, and editor of Western Hog Journal.

Book your space NOW for

This is your chance to meet Manitoba’s PORK & POULTRY producers

December 5 & 6 WINNIPEG CONVENTION CENTRE More than 50,000 square feet of display space Canada’s largest pork quality competition New for 2012 – ON-LINE REGISTRATION!

Exhibitors registering by November 5 qualify for the

EARLYBIRD DRAW!

For exhibitor information:

www.hogandpoultrydays.ca info@hogandpoultrydays.ca

Reserve your space TODAY!


48

The Manitoba Co-operator | September 27, 2012

LIVESTOCK AUCTION RESULTS Weight Category

Feeder Steers

Ashern

Gladstone

Sep. 19

Sep. 18

Grunthal

Sep. 18

Heartland

Heartland

Brandon

Virden

Sep. 20

Sep. 19

Killarney

Ste. Rose

Winnipeg

Sep. 17

Sep. 20

Sep. 21

No. on offer

625

502

535

435

1,114

374

763

680

Over 1,000 lbs.

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

110.00-117.00

900-1,000

110.00-132.25

90.00-125.50

115.00-128.50

120.00-131.00

118.00-129.00

n/a

120.00-130.00

118.00-129.00

800-900

129.00-136.50

117.00-132.25

124.00-134.50

122.00-135.00

126.00-138.75

126.00-132.00

130.00-138.00

125.00-136.00

700-800

120.00-138.50

120.00-143.00

128.00-143.00

130.00-145.00

134.00-149.00

128.00-140.00

130.00-148.00

130.00-146.00

600-700

125.00-144.25

134.00-147.75

130.00-143.00

140.00-152.00

136.00-153.00

137.00-148.00

135.00-156.00

135.00-154.00

500-600

133.00-149.00

130.00-157.00

138.00-148.50

145.00-160.00

142.00-160.00

143.00-150.00

135.00-169.00

140.00-165.00

400-500

152.00-178.00

145.00-172.50

142.00-154.00

150.00-165.00

155.00-173.00

145.00-167.00

150.00-189.00

150.00-175.00

300-400

150.00-173.00

150.00-181.00

150.00-199.00

162.00-180.00

160.00-182.00

160.00-165.00

140.00-165.00

155.00-193.00

Feeder heifers 900-1,000 lbs.

109.00-117.25

105.00-117.50

100.00-114.00

110.00-121.00

110.00-119.00

n/a

115.00-122.50

100.00-115.00

800-900

118.00-128.50

110.00-120.00

112.00-124.25

115.00-120.50

115.00-123.50

117.00-121.00

118.00-127.00

115.00-126.00

700-800

119.00-138.00

105.00-125.75

118.00-126.00

118.00-132.00

118.00-127.50

118.00-123.00

122.00-128.00

120.00-133.00

600-700

100.00-135.50

110.00-130.00

120.00-129.50

123.00-133.00

123.00-138.00

120.00-127.00

120.00-136.00

120.00-137.00

500-600

110.00-132.50

115.00-137.50

130.00-140.00

126.00-135.00

127.00-143.00

125.00-135.00

130.00-143.00

125.00-145.00

400-500

n/a

120.00-150.00

132.00-145.00

128.00-137.00

138.00-152.00

129.00-139.00

135.00-154.00

130.00-152.00

300-400

n/a

120.00-150.00

135.00-155.00

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

135.00-165.00

Slaughter Market No. on offer

70

n/a

119

153

n/a

n/a

105

260

D1-D2 Cows

60.00-65.00

n/a

n/a

63.00-70.00

62.00-66.00

62.00-68.00

68.00-75.00

63.00-68.00

D3-D5 Cows

45.00-55.00

n/a

57.00-64.00

55.00-62.00

53.00-62.00

48.00-60.00

62.00-70.00

58.00-66.00

Age Verified

65.00-72.00

n/a

n/a

n/a

65.00-71.50

68.00-75.00

65.00-69.00

n/a

Good Bulls

70.00-87.00

70.00-85.00

81.00-85.50

83.00-88.00

72.00-88.00

84.00-91.00

80.00-88.00

78.00-85.00

Butcher Steers

n/a

n/a

n/a

98.00-101.25

96.00-100.50

n/a

n/a

n/a

Butcher Heifers

n/a

n/a

n/a

94.00-96.75

94.00-98.25

n/a

n/a

n/a

Feeder Cows

n/a

44.00-78.00

70.00-80.00

70.00-84.00

67.00-78.00

n/a

n/a

72.00-78.00

Fleshy Export Cows

n/a

n/a

67.00-73.50

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Lean Export Cows

n/a

n/a

60.00-65.00

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

* includes slaughter market

(Note all prices in CDN$ per cwt. These prices also generally represent the top one-third of sales reported by the auction yard.)

brief

Trucking company fined A numbered company doing business as Shadow Creek Transport has been fined $7,000 in provincial court for its role in a 2007 incident in which a livestock trailer was found to be transporting dead and downer horses.

5211831 Manitoba Ltd., based in Steinbach, entered a guilty plea under Health of Animal Regulations. Under a joint recommendation proposed by Crown and defence counsel, Judge Robin Finlayson imposed the fine, a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) release says. Emerson border officials examined a load of horses

entering Canada in November 2007 and found many of the horses dead or injured. Fourteen of the 22 horses on board were euthanized by CFIA veterinarians. The driver, Geoffrey Giesbrecht, was earlier convicted of transporting animals that were injured or unfit for transport and sentenced to 30 days in jail.

Cattle industry holding up despite high feed costs Profit margins are being squeezed and some fear a shortage of feed but beef producers have access to more feedstock alternatives By Terryn Shiells commodity news service canada

MANITOBA RANCHER’S FORUM

2 0 1 2

GOING BEYOND THE GRAZING SCHOOL!

Small Ruminants Animal Rights Issues Grazing Systems Animal Health Tax Planning Legal Liabilities And More!

November 27 & 28, 2012 Victoria Inn Brandon, Manitoba

Tuesday, November 27, 2012 • What We’ve Learned from 28 years in the Feedlot Business - Daryl Busby - Tri County Steer Carcass Futurity - Iowa • Animal Rights/Animal Welfare - Addressing Concerns Ryder Lee - Canadian Cattlemen’s Association • Dealing with Legal Liability Issues - A How-To Guide for Protecting Yourself and Your Family on the Farm - John Stewart

Wednesday, November 28, 2012 • Comparing different business structures and options.. what works best for your farm and family? Tax Management strategies.. how not to pay the Tax man. - Merle Good • Livestock Market Outlook - Brenda Schoepp - Beeflink • Manitoba Forage Council Annual General Meeting • Social Media and You - Rosie Templeton - Lethbridge, AB • Advocating Agriculture, Feeding the World - Challenges and Opportunities - The Honourable Ron Kostyshyn - Minster of Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives

REGISTRATION EARLY BIRD REGISTRATION COST (deadline November 2, 2012)

MFC member (with membership number): $150.00 MFC membership is $50.00 – Members will have discounted registration rates for the membership year July 31, 2012 – August 1, 2013

Funding for this event has been provided by Growing Forward, a federal-provincial-territorial initiative.

C

attle producers are coping with high feed costs t h a t a re h a m m e r i n g Canadian hog farmers and recently forced two of the largest Prairie hog producers to file for bankruptcy. Profit margins are being squeezed somewhat by lower prices, but the situation is nowhere near as severe, said Cam Dahl, operations manager of Manitoba Beef Producers. “It’s hard to say why different industries react differently,” Dahl said. “But I don’t see the same kind of volatility coming in the beef industry as in the pork industry.” More lower-cost feed options is part of the answer, said Martin Unrau, president of the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association. “Cattle producers can feed straw and blend in a bit of dry distillers grain and a bit of barley, and sometimes they have access to lesser-quality hay that’s ground and mixed in with other feeds,” Unrau noted. Hog producers, on the other

hand, “live or die” with feed grain prices, he said. So m e s m a l l e r p ro d u c e r s may be forced to liquidate their herds because of high feed costs but the problem — for now — is very isolated, Unrau said. “The cattle industry’s cycle is a little longer so it takes a little longer to feel the pain and re-establish itself when it does run into difficulties,” said Unrau, who ranches near MacGregor. However, water access is becoming a concern in some areas, said Unrau, who has had to find alternate water sources and deepen three of his dugouts that were drying up. “I know cattle producers will face difficulties this winter with water situations,” he said. “It’s not an emergency situation, but if we don’t get any snow or rain before winter then it will be.” Some cattle producers in Canada could also find themselves running short of hay, as so much is heading south because of the U.S. drought, Unrau said. “I think anybody who is a bit short of hay needs to get on it now before all the supplies are gone,” he said.


49

The Manitoba Co-Operator | September 27, 2012

COUNTRY CROSSROADS CON N EC T I NG RU R A L FA M I L I E S

Red River Settlement celebrated with exhibit Photographs, maps, journals, records give evidence of lives lived MANITOBA GOVERNMENT RELEASE Culture, Heritage and Tourism Minister Flor Marcelino is inviting all Manitobans to visit the Archives of Manitoba and the Legislative Library at the Manitoba Archives Building to explore historical records and original publications dating back to the establishment of the Red River Settlement and the arrival of the first wave of Selkirk settlers 200 years ago. “People in the Red River Settlement created records and published newspapers,” Marcelino said. “Books, photographs, maps, journals and records of church and government provide evidence of the kind of lives settlers lived 200 years ago. Fortunately, this documentary heritage has survived and is yours to explore at the Archives of Manitoba and the Legislative Library.” Some of the archives and library holdings featured in the exhibit include: • Photographs of Humphrey Lloyd Hime, a surveyor and photographer who accompanied the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan Exploring Expedition in 1858 and took what are probably the first photographs of the Canadian West; • Paintings of Peter Rindisbachers, an artist known for his depictions of the lives of settlers and Aboriginal people in the Red River Settlement; • The will and testament of Saulteaux Chief Peguis, one of five chiefs who signed a treaty with Lord Selkirk to provide land for settlement; • A copy of an early Red River census conducted by the Council of Assiniboia in 1828; • A post journal which recorded a graphic description of the great Red River flood of 1826 as told by the Upper Fort Garry Hudson’s Bay Company clerk Frances Heron; • Records of the Matilda Davis School in St. Andrews, representing the development of Red River schools; • A plan of the Red River Colony surveyed in 1836 by George Taylor; • Excerpts of baptism, marriage and death from Rupert’s Land registers sent to the governor and committee of the Hudson’s Bay Company around 1820; • A copy of The Nor’Wester from Feb. 14, 1860, containing an article by Chief Peguis; and • An image from Bishop David Anderson’s flood journal title page, Notes of The Flood at Red River, 1852. The Archives of Manitoba, including the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives and the Legislative Library of Manitoba, are commemorating the 200th anniversary of the Red River Settlement with this exhibit of selected archival records and library materials. Public viewing of the material is available Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., 200 Vaughan St. (at St. Mary Avenue) in Winnipeg. A related exhibit — The Selkirk Settlement: 200 Years — can also be seen at the Manitoba Museum. Guided tours of this exhibition will be offered for a limited time. For scheduling details, please contact the Archives of Manitoba, 204-945-7586.

End of grass fire era a mixed blessing for early settlers Mother Nature teaches settlers a lesson as sod busting turns to scrub breaking

Manitoba Agriculture Museum Press Release

O

ne of the most serious, and sometimes terrifying, problems faced by early settlers on the Prairies were grass fires. The end of the grass fire era was cause for celebration — at least, for a while. Major grass fires were a regular occurrence, especially in the fall, and consumed vast areas of tinder-dry tall-grass prairie. One series of fires in September 1822 reportedly consumed virtually all the grass between the Saskatchewan and Red rivers — nearly half of the Prairies. But as these photos show, the end of grass fires presented settlers with another problem. With prairie fires controlled, unbroken land began to sprout willows and other bush around sloughs and low areas. By the 1920s, these areas posed a significantly greater problem to break than tall-grass prairie. Although it took seven or more horses and two men to man a plow capable of ripping up brushland, this continued to be the favoured method even after the arrival of gas and steam engines. The former arrived on the Prairies around 1908 but were expensive and unreliable. Steam engines,

widely available after 1900, absorbed manpower to no end in hauling water and firing the engine. And both were heavy, ponderous contraptions that no one in their right mind would operate in wet conditions. It was only in the late 1920s that manufacturers finally began producing tractors offering low-cost, reliable, efficient power — and the end to one of the most back-breaking jobs on the farm. Sources: Manitoba Agricultural Museum, The Grass Fire Era by W.F. Rannie, University of Winnipeg

Dan Campbell’s farm northeast of Brandon was settled in the 1890s, but not all of the land was broken and by the 1920s, when these photos were taken, there was some serious brush to deal with. In top photo, Campbell is seated on one of the front wheels of a single-bottom breaking plow. Standing beside him is Joe Wilson who worked for Dan at the time. The above photo shows how much horsepower this work required – five horses in front of the plow and another two or three in front of them.


50

The Manitoba Co-Operator | September 27, 2012

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

RecipeSwap

Send your recipes or recipe request to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO or email: lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

Grass fed is growing

Chili 1 medium onion 1 to 1-1/2 lbs. grass-fed beef Olive oil 4-6 cans of beans – can be mixed, chili style, kidney, navy, or any other favourites 2 cans tomato sauce Salt Pepper Chili powder Hot sauce

Branded products, a website and lots of time talking to the public helps promote grass-fed beef Lorraine Stevenson Crossroads Recipe Swap

Heat olive oil over medium heat, fry onion and add grass-fed beef. Fry only until all the pink is nearly out. Some pink is fine as cooking it later will ensure it is completely cooked. Pour mixture into a slow cooker, add beans, tomato sauce, spices to taste and simmer on a low heat for at least 4 hours stirring occasionally.

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im Lintott is a familiar face at the St. Norbert Farmers’ Market, where he’s been promoting grass-fed beef for years. The Dugald-area farmer was there again one early-September evening, dishing out tasty meatballs and chatting up diners, mostly Winnipeggers, who’d forked over $75 a plate to attend the market fundraiser — and talk with people who produce their food. Lintott is one of 10 farmers who make up the Manitoba Grass Fed Beef Association, a fiveyear-old group that markets beef fed entirely on forages. They’ve branded their products, developed recipes and a website and now market to restaurants, hotels, the Vita Health Fresh Market chain in Winnipeg and direct to consumers. All that time, they’ve been trying to figure out how to deal with Manitoba’s climate. As Lintott notes, “We have this thing called winter,” and that means it takes at least a year longer to finish beef here compared to the U.S. Selling direct also means the group is “somewhat insulated” from market crashes, such as the one caused by BSE. “We’ve built up this portion of our sales that is direct to an end-user, and which gives us a premium... and we’ve set the price,” he said. The local-food niche for grass-fed beef is strong, said Lintott, and that stems from all those over-the-meatball conversations about the production practices, environmental footprints and potential health benefits of beef raised the grass-fed way. More farmers are thinking about it. Their

Beef Stroganoff

Many visitors stopped by to sample the meatballs and other specialty grass-fed foods offered at the Manitoba Grass Fed Beef Association’s table during a special fundraiser Sept. 6 at St. Norbert.   photo: lorraine stevenson

association has twice as many members as two years ago and interest is growing, said Lintott. “We keep getting phone calls and email from people wanting to talk to us.” If you’re looking for grass-fed beef for your freezer this fall, or you’re a farmer curious about raising it, you’ll find more info at: www.manito bagrassfedbeef.ca.

1 lb. grass-fed stewing beef or ground beef 2 c. fresh mushrooms sliced 1/2 litre broth (can be beef or vegetable) 1 medium onion, chopped 1/4 c. ketchup Garlic salt 1/3 c. flour Sour cream Egg noodles

Brown meat and onion, add mushrooms, stir in most of the broth, but keep about 1/2 cup separate. Add ketchup and garlic salt to meat mixture. Cover and simmer for 15 minutes or in a slow cooker for 2 hours on a very low setting. Blend reserved broth and flour and stir into meat. Heat to very hot and then reduce. Sour cream can be added (1/4 cup) to the mixture or as a garnish when serving over noodles. Butter in noodles adds some flavour.

Here’s a few recipes to try this week off the Manitoba Grass Fed Beef Association’s website.

The Best Cabbage Rolls “Holupchi” 1 lb. ground grass-fed beef Cabbage (wilted) Tomato juice – small can Few strips of bacon (optional) Rice – approximately 2-3 cups cooked Salt and pepper   ©thinkstock

Delicious Barbecue Meatballs 1 lb. ground grass-fed beef Splash of port Parsley Garlic salt Salt and pepper to taste Grated onion – browned and drained Barbecue sauce Apricot jam

Mix by hand and for a minimal amount of time, the beef, port, parsley, garlic salt, salt, pepper, onion in a bowl. Shape balls with minimal rolling as the meat requires little heat to cook. Bake in the oven for 12-15 minutes. Mix 1/2 cup barbecue sauce and apricot jam in a bowl. Add a bit of water. When meatballs are done in the oven, put into a slow cooker along with barbecue mixture. Cook on low setting for 1-2 hours stirring occasionally.

Sauté ground beef in a bit of oil. Stir into rice in a mixing bowl. Add salt and pepper to taste. Spoon into individual cabbage leaves and rolling them, fill a casserole dish that has been pre-lined with cabbage leaves. Put strips of bacon on top. Pour tomato juice on top and add any remaining leaves on top, put a piece of foil on top of this and then the casserole cover. Bake in the oven at 350 F for 1/2 hour, then 325 F for 1/2 hour, then 300 F until done (maybe 45 minutes or so). Test with a fork to see if cabbage rolls are soft and that bacon and tomato juice have cooked.

  ©thinkstock

Recipe Swap… I’m always happy to hear from readers with your recipes and suggestions for columns! Write to:

Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO Or email: lorraine@fbcpublishing.com   ©thinkstock


51

The Manitoba Co-Operator | September 27, 2012

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

Hamiota woman owns National Champion Stallion wins honour in Brandon this summer at Canadian Nationals By Darrell Nesbitt Freelance contributor

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istorically, the Arabian was a warhorse capable of withstanding the extreme conditions of the Arabian desert, covering long distances for battle. Today, the same horse, preserved through hundreds of years of careful breeding, is tried and tested as the perfect horse for every adventure. These so-called perfect horses were showcased at the Canadian Nationals held in Brandon this summer. The Arabian and Half-Arabian championship show offered a full range of competition with Canadian flair. Spectators had the opportunity to enjoy 187 different classes in youth, western, dressage, hunter and English disciplines. Among the impressive horses showcased was Empres, a 17-year-old stallion presently owned by Prue Critchley of Hamiota. “Empres is a truly wonderful horse with an amazing disposition,” said Critchley. “It is indeed a great privilege to be his owner.” Shown by D.J. Cairns in Arabian Stallion Sport Horse In Hand, he was named the 2012 Canadian National Champion. Also due to the fact that Cairns had her own horse in the Sport Horse Under Saddle competition, Crystal Harper of

Empres with his trainer D.J. Cairns and ribbons won in the Sport Horse Stallion In Hand class at Canadian Arabian Nationals.  COURTESY PHOTO

Carlyle, Sask. stepped in at the last moment and rode Empres to a top 10 finish in this class, and achieved fourth place in a class of 16. Born at Michalow State Stud, Poland in 1995, Empres was raced in Warsaw as a threeyear-old and after being used for breeding in Poland for three years was exported to the Netherlands. He was shown in the Netherlands at the Dutch National Stallion Show in 2003 where he received First Premium and again the same year at the Belgian Stallion Licensing where he received Gold Certification. He was exported to the United States in 2008 where he was shown successfully and eventually sold to a person in Mississippi. Critchley purchased Empres in early 2011 when his owner had to relocate to a different state and needed to sell some of her horses. On arrival in Canada he went into training in Saskatchewan and was shown last year competing in Western Pleasure, Stallion Halter,

Sport Horse and Hunter Pleasure. The highlight of last year’s season was him earning top 10 at the Canadian Nationals in his only class — Arabian Stallion Breeding. This year, Empres started to compete in Dressage competitions and thoroughly enjoys them. His show successes in the early part of the year were in Hunter Pleasure, Dressage, Arabian Stallion Breeding (in hand classes) and Sport Horse In Hand and Sport Horse Under Saddle. Due to his previous trainer selling her farm and moving to a different area, Empres was moved to D.J. Cairns at Cairns Ranch near Grayson, Sask. in early August. Critchley said her prized stallion will continue in training for Dressage and has another fall show, after which he will come home to Hamiota for the winter where he will get some hard-earned rest before next show season. Darrell Nesbitt writes from Shoal Lake, Manitoba

Digging and storing spuds Once the tops are dead, start digging By Albert Parsons Freelance contributor

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uring late September and early October, home gardeners are busy bringing in the last of the vegetables that their gardens have produced. One of the last crops to be harvested is the potato crop. Although those folks who have cold storage rooms might harvest their potatoes a bit earlier, those of us with less-than-ideal storage facilities often postpone the harvest for as long as we can. I maintain that the potatoes will keep better in the ground than in my garage, which still gets quite warm during mild October days. I try to put off digging the potatoes until the outside temperatures mean that the garage will be consistently cool since I store my spuds there in cardboard boxes. The garage is heated during the winter, with the temperature maintained at about 5 C. I find that if I adequately hill the potatoes during the early part of the growing season then I can postpone digging them in the fall because the tubers will have a good covering of soil. I also never dig my potatoes that I am putting into winter storage until after

the tops are dead; while the tops are alive the tubers will still be growing. Usually frost has cut down the tops long before I want to dig them. Before storing potatoes, I ensure their outsides are dry — some folks wash their spuds but I never have, although I usually dig them after a dry spell so they don’t have much soil on them. If the potatoes are washed, they must be allowed to dry thoroughly before putting them into storage. I put the potatoes in strong cardboard boxes, place several sheets of newspaper on top of them to keep out the light, and put the boxes in the coolest part of the garage. I check the potatoes periodically during the winter — generally when I am opening a box to obtain a few for kitchen use — and if I observe any spoilage, I deal with it before it gets out of hand. If the potatoes start getting too many sprouts, the sprouts are removed and the potatoes are put back into storage, but once the garage warms up in the spring, the potatoes cannot be kept very successfully. Before the potatoes are stored for the winter, they have to be dug. I use a digging fork and make sure that I insert the tines into the soil straight up and down so as not to spear any

tubers. Keeping back far enough from where the stems emerge from the soil also ensures that only the occasional spud is inadvertently stabbed. After leaving the potatoes lying in the shade long enough to dry, I box them up. I discard any sunburned ones (they will be green) and keep the speared ones separate to be used right away as they will not store well. I grow both red and white potatoes — the red ones generally don’t store as well as white ones. White potatoes tend to have drier flesh while red potatoes are often moister when cooked, so each has its own particular uses in the kitchen. I store the red ones and the white ones separately. Before leaving the garden after digging the potatoes, I pick up any small potatoes and all the tops and remove them from the garden. I do not add this material to the compost pile as there is too great a chance that disease organisms like blight might be transferred into the compost from the vegetative matter. With the tubers stored away and the tops removed from the garden, the potato crop is harvested for another year. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba

With dry surfaces, the potatoes are ready for storage.   ©thinkstock


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The Manitoba Co-Operator | September 27, 2012

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

How many squash varieties do you know? Try this quiz and test your knowledge By Julie Garden-Robinson NDSU Extension Service

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remember peeking under the big, green leaves in the pumpkin and winter squash patch of our garden when I was young. Some of the trailing vines led into the wooded area next to our garden. The bright-orange pumpkins were easy to spot, but finding the green squash hidden in the foliage was like discovering a hidden prize. At the end of the season, I knew I needed to be careful not to break the stem close to the squash when I cut them from the vine. Even though it was tempting, I wasn’t supposed to use the stem as a carrying handle, either. In fact, most horticulture references recommend that you leave one inch of stem on squash and about three inches on pumpkins. Breaking the stem close to pumpkins and squash can decrease storage life. I must have liked squash even as a kid because I didn’t deliberately break a stem to shorten the time it would appear on our dinner menu. Our squash lasted well into the winter in our cool basement. Winter squash typically can be stored for three to six months at 10 C (50 F). I still enjoy colourful winter squash as a side dish. Not only is squash fairly low in calories at about 60 calories per half-cup, but the varieties with darkorange flesh also are excellent sources of carotenoids, which our bodies convert to vitamin A. Our bodies use vitamin A to maintain the health of our skin and eyes. Vitamin A helps us see better in low-light conditions. Winter squash also provides potassium, fibre and other nutrients. We have many types of winter squash available to try. How many varieties can you name? Try this short quiz. If you aren’t feeling savvy about squash varieties, check out the big hint at the end of each clue. 1. This bell-shaped squash is about a foot long and weighs a couple of pounds. Its skin is easy to peel and its flesh is golden orange. A half-cup serving has 230 per cent of the daily recommendation for vitamin A. Hint: Its name might remind you of a common spread for bread. Its name also suggests this squash variety is in the same family as a peanut or walnut. 2. T his small squash has a name that describes its shape. On average, it weighs one to two pounds. Hint: A squirrel might be amazed by the size and shape of this squash. 3. T his oval-shaped squash is yellow. It weighs up to three pounds and is about nine inches long. It forms strands when cooked. Hint: You might think you are eating pasta, but this edible gourd counts as a vegetable. 4. This squash variety is known for its mealy texture and orange flesh. It’s fairly round and stocky. The

Reader’s Photos

Looks like autumn!

  PHOTOS: CINDY MURRAY

How many squash can you recognize and name?  ©thinkstock

flavour may remind you of eating a sweet potato. Although it tends to be a bit dry when baked, you can enhance the moistness by steaming it. Hint: Part of its name will remind you of a common spread for bread. The other part of the name is a kitchen measuring tool. 5. T his type of squash can grow to 50 pounds, although it also is available in five-pound sizes. It ranges from dark green to orange. One-half cup of this type of squash provides 140 per cent of the daily recommendation for vitamin A. Hint: There’s a nursery rhyme about an “old mother” of the same name. How did you do? The answers are: 1. Butternut; 2. Acorn; 3. Spaghetti; 4. Buttercup; 5. Hubbard. Squash is a nutrient-rich, fibre-rich food, and it helps you meet the current goal to add more darkorange and gold vegetables and fruits to your diet. When you are choosing a squash, avoid the ones with blemishes or cuts in the rind because they will spoil

faster. Although you can bake the entire squash as a whole and scoop out the seeds later, some people prefer to cut and peel the squash to hasten cooking. Be careful when cutting a squash because the rind and flesh are tough prior to cooking. Position the squash on a cutting board with the stem end facing you. Use a chef’s knife or cleaver to split the squash in half. You may need to hit the knife with a mallet. Then simply cook in water, steam, microwave or bake until softened. You can freeze cooked, mashed squash in recipesize amounts in freezer bags or freezer containers. While canning pumpkin or squash cubes is considered safe when the proper processing procedure is followed, canning mashed pumpkin or squash is not recommended because of safety issues. You can learn more about canning and freezing food at http://www. ag.ndsu.edu/food. You might like mashed squash with a bit of butter and brown sugar as a side dish. You can substitute squash in pumpkin pies or try squash in a less traditional way, such as in pancakes. Julie Garden-Robinson, PhD, R.D., L.R.D., is a North Dakota State University Extension Service food and nutrition specialist and associate professor in the department of health, nutrition and exercise sciences.

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