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‘What keeps me up at night is Black Sea wheat,’ says grower


Greg Porozni has seen the surge in Black Sea exports up close and says he’s worried » PG 2

Small plots control for variables but growers want field-scale results » PG 3 Publications Mail Agreement # 40069240

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Adapt to the new world order, says Stephen Harper

Ag industry urged to ‘do more’ about mental health issues

Globalization foes are just getting started, but free traders can thrive if they adapt

New organization aims to destigmatize mental illness in the agriculture industry by getting people to talk more, ask more, and listen more



e was enthusiastically welcomed as the prime minister who scrapped the wheat board, earning a standing ovation before the first word of his keynote address. But Stephen Harper had his eyes on an even bigger farm issue when he spoke to an enthusiastic crowd of nearly all of FarmTech’s 2,000 attendees.

SEE Adapt } page 7

AF staff


ean Stanford thought he was going to die. It happened one week last winter, and started with a pain in his chest. A heart attack, he figured. A trip to the emergency room turned up nothing. There was nothing wrong with him. And then the pain started again, worse this time. Another trip to the emergency room. Another dead end. The crushing pressure in his chest wouldn’t stop. For a week straight, he was in and out of the hospital but he was, by all accounts, a healthy 33-yearold man. But there was something wrong with him after all. He wasn’t having a heart attack. He was having a panic attack. “I almost wish it had been something physical — that would have been easier to deal with,” said Stanford, who farms near Magrath. It’s a story that’s becoming all too familiar in Canada’s agriculture community. The stress of farming is taking a heavy toll on today’s farmers, who are increasingly expected to produce more with less time, money, and support. But this stress often goes undiagnosed, owing to an overburdened rural health-care

system and a shocking lack of mental health resources for farmers. A new non-profit organization hopes to change that. The Do More Agriculture Foundation, which was launched last month, is the first Canadian mental health organization that focuses on resources and support for farmers and their families. Farmers have needed a resource like that for a long time, said Stanford, who had always been a little anxious growing up. At the time, he chalked it up to stress, the normal day-to-day pressure that everyone deals with. It wasn’t until last winter that he realized just how much it was affecting his life and his farm. “It was kind of a perfect storm of shit raining down on me,” he said. “It seemed like no matter what I did, there weren’t enough hours in the day and there wasn’t enough money in the bank to keep everything going.” Farm chores were piling up. Bills were, too. His wife was pregnant with their second child, and his income was the only thing keeping them afloat. He was always behind at his off-farm job as a mechanic and always on call as a volunteer firefighter.

SEE mental health } page 6

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2018-01-26 17:28


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Gordon Bacon


We need to convince India that messing with the markets isn’t a smart strategy


A tsunami of Black Sea wheat is flooding global markets The Black Sea troika of wheat producers used to be minnows — now they’re giants and still growing BY JENNIFER BLAIR AND GLENN CHEATER AF staff/Edmonton


he Russians aren’t coming, they’ve already arrived. And they’ve been joined by the Kazakhs and Ukrainians. The surge of wheat exports from Black Sea producers into global grain markets isn’t new, but most Prairie farmers may not appreciate just how strong they’ve become. “Russia continues to dominate the global wheat export trade,” market analyst Marlene Boersch told FarmTech attendees. “They’re breaking one record after the next.” The country’s latest records include the biggest-ever wheat harvest (85 million tonnes, up 15 per cent from 2016) and forecast exports of 34.6 million tonnes in the current crop year. Add in its Black Sea cousins and you get some eye-popping numbers. In a mid-January report, the International Grains Council forecast Ukraine will export 17.0 million tonnes and Kazakhstan will ship 7.3 million tonnes this crop year. The total is just shy of 60 million tonnes or nearly three times the grains council’s forecast for Canada (22.0 million tonnes). And while Russia alone has doubled its wheat exports in the last three years, Canada’s are only 15 per cent higher than a decade ago. “We think we’re one of the biggest forces in the wheat market. We’re not,” said Boersch, owner of Mercantile Consulting Venture. Greg Porozni described the situation even more bluntly in a separate FarmTech session on international wheat markets. “What keeps me up at night is Black Sea wheat,” said the Mundare-area farmer. “It’s everywhere and it’s $50 to $60 a tonne cheaper.” Earlier this winter, Porozni went on a Team Canada-style trade mission with grain industry officials to Indonesia, Dubai, Nigeria, and Ghana. Everywhere he went, grain buyers, millers, and other wheat users spoke of how much they love CWRS No. 2 with 13.5 per cent protein — because it’s ideal for blending up lower-quality Black Sea wheat. But it got worse, he said.

The surge in Black Sea wheat is a huge — and underappreciated — threat, says Alberta producer Greg Porozni (left), seen here talking with Essa Al Ghurair, owner of the United Arab Emirates’ largest flour mill and canola crush plant, during a trade mission earlier this winter.   Photo: Supplied Some brokers of Black Sea wheat are now guaranteeing certain specs on some loads, such as 11.5 per cent protein. That’s far from a pledge of top quality, but it’s a big step up for a region infamous for its lack of consistency in the quality of its product. “This was unheard of even two or three years ago,” said Porozni. It’s concerning because the Black Sea production zone already has formidable strengths. The region has a lower cost of production, cheap currencies, and is close to its biggest buyers — the Middle East and North Africa — and so has much lower transportation costs. As well, there has been a massive investment to modernize both farms and transportation networks. The bottom line was made clear by Boersch. At the time of her presentation, Canada Prairie Red Spring was selling for $274 a tonne (all prices U.S.) and 13.5 per cent protein Canada Western Red Spring was sitting around $253. Meanwhile Russian 11.5 per cent protein wheat was going for $186. “Russia keeps churning out the world’s cheapest cash wheat,” said Boersch. “This is your competition.”


Increased production is bad news. Cheap prices, even worse. But Russia is also getting its wheat to market quicker — and that’s where Canada is really falling behind, according to Boersch. “Over the past 15 years, Russia has increased its export capacity ninefold. This year alone, it’s up another 23 per cent,” she said. In down markets — like the one Prairie producers are trading in now — buyers want to purchase commodities quickly, and that means buying commodities that are close by. “In these down markets, he who can ship quickly actually gets the business.” And Canada has a few things working against us, said Boersch. First, we’re simply not close enough to major wheat markets like the Middle East and North Africa. We can’t change that. Second, a different “trade matrix” is developing between countries like Russia and China, which will make it cheaper for these countries to work together. We can’t change that, either. Finally — and more fatally — investment in Canada’s grain transportation system has stalled, said Boersch, adding not enough is being done to change that. “We all want to increase volume. We want to increase exports. That’s all very good. We’ve invested a lot of money in those goals,” she said. “But we also need to be investing and planning for how to get it there in an expedient way.” While West Coast port capacity has increased and rail transport has improved over the past three years, that growth is marginal compared to Canada’s major competitors, and there aren’t enough players in the game to force competition and get costs down, she said. “Are we doing something about it? Are we even thinking about it? Do we have a plan? I would think not,” said Boersch. “At the moment, we’re really failing at anticipating change and building for change.” As a result, wheat producers here have to stay on their toes and take advantage of price increases when they come along. “When opportunities come up, you must pounce.”

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Scaling up: How to take smallsize research from plot to field Many farmers are skeptical of small-plot research results, but proper protocols are needed to scale up to a field level

Wheat and barley groups merge management The two organizations will have their own boards but are slimming down their administration costs



AF staff



armers are making some pretty big decisions off test strips — and that scares JP Pettyjohn. “We could flip a coin and pretty much come up with the same answer,” said Pettyjohn, a crop technology instructor at Lakeland College. “I don’t want an answer. I want the right answer.” Small-plot trials have been widely used in agricultural research (and informally on farms) to test a host of practices, including inputs, crop control products, seeding rates, pest control, and many others. They’re quicker, easier, and cheaper than field-scale trials, but it takes trained and adept researchers to extrapolate the findings to broader farming operations, said Pettyjohn. “It’s important for producers to have good information to ensure they make good decisions,” Pettyjohn said during a FarmTech panel discussion. “Scientifically statistically relevant” information needs to be repeated, randomized, and replicated, added Jenn Walker, research manager for Alberta Pulse Growers. “Farmers want to be on the leading edge,” said Walker. “They want to maximize profitability. We need solid research to do that.” Oddly enough, a survey of producers found they have more confidence in their own strip trials compared to small-plot research results. But their confidence in the quality of data “skyrocketed” when they moved from small plots to larger ones, said Pettyjohn. And while he’s “fairly comfortable with small-plot data,” he said that “if the farmer is less skeptical of the large-plot data, that’s where we need to be.” “It will give producers more comfort that this data is solid and

Small-plot trials are designed to account for different variables, but producers put more trust in field-scale testing. Researchers are now developing protocols for conducting field-scale trials to see if they bear out the results from small-plot studies.  FILE PHOTO they can make a million-dollar decision on it if they have to,” he said. That’s just what Walker did. She brought together a team of researchers, agronomists, and farmers to see what it would take to apply small-plot research to a bigger scale. They created a research protocol around a question they already knew the answer to — the optimal seeding rate for yellow peas. That may seem counterintuitive for a research project, but it’s a little like being asked your name during a lie detector test. There’s only one right answer, and by looking at a known quantity, the tester can more easily calibrate the rest of the test to ensure the results are valid. “Our end goal is to get a vehicle we can do research with but first, we need to make sure we have the right kind of vehicle,” said Walker. The researchers and agronomists worked with nine producers to standardize their trials as much as possible to eliminate variables that could affect the results. Then the producers seeded their fields at low, medium, and high rates to see whether the field-scale trial would bear out the small-plot results.


The point of the first trial year was to make sure that the research protocol was sound, and the team managed to check that box off pretty easily. “We now have a vehicle that we can apply to every single producer’s farm to get scientifically relevant information,” said Walker. “We’re still in the early stages of making sure it’s robust, but it is a recipe that every individual could apply in their own situation.” That will allow producers to look at questions they have for their own farms that no one else is asking, said agronomist Ken King, who was involved in the project. “The methodology has to be rigorous enough that the information is meaningful, but simple enough that when farmers want to try it on their own farms, it will work for them,” said King. But that’s a ways down the road. The study is entering its second year, and the research team will be fine tuning the results after that. (That’s where repeatability, replication, and randomization comes in.) “Will a farmer take this and use it? I think in the end they will,” said King. “We’re not there yet.”

reGister online:


he trial went well, so the boards of Alberta Barley and the Alberta Wheat Commission have decided to permanently merge the management ranks of the organizations. “The ultimate goal of this exercise is to provide more value to you as producers,” Tom Steve told attendees at Alberta Wheat’s AGM at FarmTech. “We will continue to have two separate governance structures but we will have one management team serving both boards.” Steve, general manager of Alberta Wheat since 2014, supervised the four-month trial of the merged management structure and will now permanently oversee both organizations. The two groups have shared an office and some staff since 2013. “Right now it’s all about saving dollars and being efficient with the dollars that we have both on the barley and the wheat side,” said Alberta Barley chair Jason Lenz. “Our financial department has shared staff for five years now. On communications, there’s a lot of similar type of work on both sides. Unless it’s a very crop-specific issue, our policy teams have been working very closely together in the past so it makes sense to have one policy manager rather than two.” There’s no estimate yet on how much money will be saved with the shared management structure. “I can’t give you a real accurate number right now but it would be closer to the hundreds of thousands side,” Lenz said. Nor have any decisions been made on what to do with the savings, but there’s no plan to reduce checkoff amounts. “We’re looking at increasing our research budget,” said Lenz. “We’re continually being asked to do more for research.”

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There are also holes to fill in the research budget, he added, pointing to the Alberta Crop Industry Development Fund (ACIDF), which has not received a new round of funding and is slated to close on March 31. “The loss of ACIDF is going to affect all the (crop) commissions. It really contributed to our research projects.” At AGM, Alberta Wheat also said farewell to founding directors Kevin Auch and Greg Porozni, who had reached their term limits, as well as Gerry Good, who has served on the board since 2015. Kevin Bender replaces Auch as chair while Gary Stanford takes on the role of vice-chair. The three new directors are Hannah Konschuh and Justin Bell (both from Region 2) and Todd Hames (Region 4). The organization also has four new regional reps: Jeffrey Pasemko and Bernie Klammer (Region 4) along with Olivia Sederberg and Devin Hartzler (Region 2). The organization is also urging producers in Region 3 to consider standing for election in November.

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“The welfare of my animals is one of my highest priorities. If I don’t give my cows a high quality of life they won’t grow up to be great cows.”

– Andrew Campbell, Ontario

Safe food; animal welfare; sustainability; people care deeply about these things when they make food choices. And all of us in the agriculture industry care deeply about them too. But sometimes the general public doesn’t see it that way. Why? Because, for the most part, we’re not telling them our story and, too often, someone outside the industry is. The journey from farm to table is a conversation we need to make sure we’re a part of. So let’s talk about it, together. Visit to discover how you can help improve and create realistic perceptions of Canadian ag.

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EDITOR Glenn Cheater Phone: 780-919-2320 Email: twitter: @glenncheater


China’s grain-trading enterprise is the ultimate insider

Alexis Kienlen, Edmonton 780-668-3121 Email: Jennifer Blair, Red Deer 403-613-7573 Email:

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COFCO’s bid to be both the world’s largest seller and buyer of grains would never be allowed in the stock market

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By John Morriss


ne day in my previous life as director of information for the Canadian Wheat Board, a Chinese delegation was in Winnipeg to negotiate a wheat purchase. By that time, Chinese negotiations were down to a few days rather than the few weeks they had taken in the 1960s and 1970s, but there was still a lot of backand-forth negotiation. Board staff would put forward every reason why prices were on the way up, so the offering price was a good deal. The Chinese negotiators would do the opposite. A price was finally agreed for several hundred thousand tonnes of 3 CWRS, and at a premium to the benchmark of Hard Winter Ordinary out of the U.S. Gulf. The Chinese assured the board that it was getting a good deal, because tomorrow the market would be down. They also asked that the sale be announced, but to wait until next morning. If there were a true supplydemand market for wheat, that would increase the world price. A few hundred thousand tonnes had been committed, meaning lower supply for remaining demand. In theory yes. In practice no. While it’s changing some-

what with the emergence of new futures markets for European and Black Sea wheat, U.S. futures markets remain the dominant influence on world prices, but they are heavily influenced by U.S. conditions. Traders see every tonne sold somewhere else as one more tonne adding to U.S. supply, so the price goes down, especially when supplies are plentiful, as they were then (and now). Sure enough, I fired off the press release the next morning, and the Chicago market went down. You had to suspect that the Chinese had a short position, providing a nice profit to help finance the Canadian purchase. At that time, you could simply admire the smart strategy by Ceroilfood, the name of the buying agency then. Today the situation is more worrying. Ceroilfood is now COFCO Group, and it’s no longer just China’s largest food-buying agency. As recently reported by Reuters, it has set its sights on being the world’s largest grain trader by 2020. After spending an estimated $3 billion to buy Rotterdam-based grain trader Nidera and Singapore-listed Noble Group, COFCO is already close to joining the dominant ABCD (Archer Daniels Midland, Bunge, Cargill and Louis Dreyfus) group of traders. It also has interests including hotels, real estate and some of

China’s leading food and drink brands. In addition to owning ports and terminals in South America, it’s formed supply relationships with Growmark in the U.S. and has a trading office in Vancouver for Canadian canola, of which it’s the largest buyer. While COFCO has some outside investors including an arm of the World Bank, it’s majority owned by the Chinese government. So by 2020, COFCO wants to be not only the world’s biggest buyer, but the world’s largest seller. In other words, it aims to be the biggest player on both sides of the market. Talk about ‘inside information.’ In the stock market, regulators play hardball on stuff like this. Woe betide any company executive who trades shares based on non-public information. We journalists get a daily package of science news releases embargoed to the next day, and we’re warned that if we use it to trade stocks, we’re in violation of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Act. But in the futures market, it seems anything goes. It’s hard to say which is more incredible, the situation itself or that no one ever seems to say anything about it. It’s also hard to say what can be done about this. Perhaps it’s only that we drop any notion that grain futures markets are a free-market mechanism bringing buyers and

sellers together to set prices based on supply and demand. State selling agencies such as the wheat board have been dismissed as relics of the past. But consider the origins of the futures market, which was set up to provide price protection when there were literally hundreds of elevators, merchants, exporters and processors. That’s another relic — today a few single integrated companies control all those functions. And there’s one more. Some have purchased massive tracts of land in places such as the Former Soviet Union and Africa, so they are now farmers, too. COFCO is just the latest step in this progression. Whether these massive conglomerates are good or bad is not the issue. It’s that as owners of the whole processing chain, including one responsible for importing grain for the world’s largest population, where do their interests lie — in high prices, or low? Low, of course. Futures markets don’t reflect supply and demand, and there’s an inherent downward bias to the current pricing system. Short of governments countering it by controlling production or holding stocks, it’s going to stay that way. John Morriss is the former editorial director of the division of Glacier FarmMedia that includes this paper


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Fifth Avenue cowboys are now the largest U.S. cattle feeders

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aybe it’s a sign of our fast-changing times, but paradox and irony seem as common today as lunch and supper. For example, the world’s largest taxi company, Uber, owns no taxis and the world’s second-largest air force is the U.S. Navy. The same is true of the beef sector. As of mid-January, the owner of the world’s largest cattle feedlot operation isn’t a rancher, a feedlot operator or even a meat packer. It’s Pinnacle Asset Management, L.P., an “alternative asset management firm,” based at 712 Fifth Ave. in New York. It became the nation’s largest cattle feeder last month when it purchased JBS USA’s massive operation, known as Five Rivers Cattle Feeding, for “approximately US$200 million.” JBS USA is the American arm of Brazilian meat packer JBS S.A., a global meat company whose majority owners, Wesley and Joesely Batista, are eyeball deep in scandals in their home country. Last fall, JBS S.A. announced a “divestment program” to finance a US$3.2-billion fine levied against the brothers for an alleged bribery scheme in Brazil. Shortly thereafter, JBS sold

the Canadian branch of Five Rivers, a 75,000head feeding operation in Brooks, Alta., for US$40 million. The most recent sale marks JBS’s exit from all North American cattle feeding. In fact, the JBS-Pinnacle deal marks the first time in decades that no major U.S. meat packer owns any cattle. That’s a big deal because for decades, cowboys and feedlot owners not “aligned” complained bitterly that packer-controlled cattle allowed Big Meat to manipulate cattle prices. The current wave of divestitures, however, won’t prevent packers from having access to cattle in their once-owned feedlots. As part of their $200-million deal with Pinnacle, JBS noted that Pinnacle “will continue delivering fed cattle to JBS USA packing plants.” So JBS USA, like Uber (and Cargill, too, for that matter) has figured out it doesn’t need inventory in order to sell inventory. It only needs unlimited access to inventory. But it’s even more paradoxical than that. In its purchase announcement, Pinnacle explained that it was “excited to work closely with our operating partner, Arcadia Asset Management, and our strategic partner, Ospraie Management, to support… Five Rivers’ talented management team.” So three new firms are now the functional

equivalent of the former one and none have explained what their exact roles in America’s biggest cattle feeding company will be other than to supply cattle to its former owner. In a presentation last summer, Pinnacle described itself as having a global investor base which “includes public and corporate pension funds, insurance companies, endowments, foundations, and family offices.” Does even one of Pinnacle’s “global investor base” know that their asset manager just bet US$200 million on a business where, according to Iowa State University data, cattle feeders lost an average US$51.57 per head from 2008 through 2017? Now that’s a paradox. Despite the irrefutable, long-term unprofitability of cattle feeding, cattle continue to be fed and packers continue to make money. In fact, there seems to be so much money in cattle feeding now that even Fifth Avenue cowboys are getting in the game. Facts can’t explain it and it’s almost certain the federal government won’t question it. So it’s a rather safe bet something other than an actual paradox is at work here. An even safer bet is that you and I are going to pay for it. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the U.S. and Canada.



There are many ways to view — and treat — soil Healthy soil is a precious resource and we need to think more about that as we plan for our future By BRENDA SCHOEPP AF columnist


t is hard to imagine there is so little soil when we stand and look out at our vast landscapes where the ground lays in wait for the warmth of spring and the touch of the farmer’s hand. The shrinking global land base that is arable seems a country mile away and another farmer’s problem. Despite the fact that only seven per cent of the Earth’s surface is arable and one per cent is in fresh water, Canadians do not feel the same pressure on resources that other countries do. The competition to grow more is really about our thin margins which does not address the fact that we severely lack a market supply pull that reflects a hungry world. And while we run this race to get more per acre in terms of production, the mother that feeds us — the soil — is pushed to a state of dependency. Beneath her surface there is a host of action: microbes, bacte-

ria, fungi, and insects that are busy in the art of regeneration. This occurs naturally and is aided by plants that sequester carbon and breathe oxygen. We really don’t know for sure if an annual plant can sequester at the same level as a perennial, as both soil profile and  species contribute to the storage capacity of the plant. We have no way of asking the soil how the way we choose to farm affects her in the long term, but her dependency on inputs makes me question if there should not be a consideration of her future needs. On the Prairies we have focused on soil conservation to assist in the preservation of nutrients and water while reducing erosion. But this differs in other parts of the world where farmers are experiencing a tipping point as soils burn out, blow away, or are not responsive. The affected farmers then go back to grasses or some other form of cover to help the soil regenerate. In very simple terms, soil likes to be covered so she can stay cool. When she is too hot that is

an open invitation for unwelcome guests but she is determined in her modesty to cover herself, so she will take those rascals in. She also needs a biodiverse environment that includes water, animals, birds, and insects to keep her environment in balance. If she can cool down and this biodiverse community starts to come back, the naughty plants are pressured by the good ones and over time there may be a restored balance. Soil and its purpose are seen through the eyes of the individual. For example, if we start with a statement ‘soil is for growing food,’ this may invite diverse perspectives. One person may say that this occurs naturally in forests and fields and therefore land should never be disturbed because of carbon release, and claim that this alone will reverse climate change. Another may argue that forests and grassy plains are climate regulators and there to sequester carbon so that intensive agriculture can take place on arable land, also aiding in climate change.

A third argument is that soil is for the support of animals, particularly nomadic animals, that are part of a natural cycle and we could be using more animals in our food production to build the soil. Grazing livestock in a way that keeps them moving mimics nomadic herds and the benefits, such as bionitrogen, may far outweigh the potential negative effects of methane. And yet another argument is that soil is man’s domain — to use as he sees fit for non-agricultural use (such as buildings) to generate economic wealth and personal income that can be used to buy food — under the assumption that there is a ready, affordable, and permanent supply of food to buy. Those close to the Earth may wish to remind us that soil is a filter and a stabilizer, adjusting according to the environment it is in and is thus seen as living.  The term ‘Mother Earth’ reflects the beliefs of those who see soil as having spiritual and healing properties.

If you are smiling at all the possible conversations, you are not alone. I would suggest that in each one there is an element of truth and also an ecological loss or deprecation. Even the most biodiverse environment such as the forest, which has multiple sources of food, could not feed our current population. We need all the systems for food production in many classes of soil and environments.   And although this column is about considering a wider range of soil use, I wonder if we have really begun to unearth all of her secrets. Regardless of our view, 95 per cent of the food we eat is rooted in that beautiful base we call soil. We need more dialogue on soil regeneration and a greater appreciation of her needs as we plan for the future. Brenda Schoepp works as an international mentor and motivational speaker. She can be contacted through her website All rights reserved. Brenda Schoepp 2018

Pulses and the future of food India’s decision to impose tariffs to support its farmers is creating dangerous uncertainty BY GORDON BACON CEO of Pulse Canada


he rest of the world is realizing what the pulse industry has known for decades — pulses are the future of food. Consumers and governments around the world now look to pulses as an important part of action plans to improve the global food system and address nutritional and environmental challenges. Increasing pulse consumption is critical to meeting growing global protein needs. Pulses are an important part of cropping systems that diversify revenue sources for farmers, and pulses make a significant contribution to affordable and sustainable food production systems. Through collaboration on events like 2016 International Year of Pulses, the global pulse industry has been successful in raising the profile of pulses. This increasing emphasis on pulses is changing the industry at every level. New uses for pulses are emerging. Consumers are exploring ways to make pulses a bigger part of the foods they prepare at home as well as those that they buy. Food companies, including

traditional cereal foods and animal meat and milk companies, are increasing their use of pulse ingredients to meet consumer demand for affordable food that is healthy for them and good for the planet. Farmers and governments are focused on how they will capitalize on demand for pulses. The global pulse market is influenced not only by the commercial forces of supply and demand but also by government policy that can complement but also override commercial market direction. Perhaps no government is having a bigger impact on the pulse industry than the government of India. India has chosen to focus on supporting its farmers through a market support price for pulses and border controls in the form of import duties and quota restrictions. These actions have had the unintended effect of driving down international pulse prices and are also impacting the pulse-planting decisions of farmers around the world. What started as a method of price support for India’s farmers has become the focus of a discussion on forecasts for food security. Global pulse plantings are presently forecast to undergo a significant reduction in 2018. Analysts are predicting that Canada alone may reduce seeded area by

one million acres of peas and one million acres of lentils. When most of the world’s pulses are grown in areas that rely on rainfall, the phrase ‘rain makes grain’ will remain the dominant explanation for pulse surpluses and pulse shortages the world over. Given what is happening now in the global pulse market, governments should be discussing whether there is a policy-induced drain on areas seeded to pulses, and if there are ways to mitigate the impact of policy on pulseplanting decisions and the risk associated with trade with India. And as a country of rising economic influence, India must recognize the vital role that its domestic pulse policy is playing at the global level. This is not the time to enter yet another policy debate on the relationship between trade and food security or what constitutes an overreliance on imported food. What is needed now by both the global pulse industry and governments with a vital interest in food security is to focus on implementation of an operational plan that works for the pulse sector. Pulse production and trade is about more than food security. Pulses are also improving the environmental sustainability of food production systems,

addressing global protein needs, and contributing to the economic viability of farmers in many countries. So what is needed? Pulse policies implemented by the government of India have a global reach as a ‘pulse market maker,’ and a ‘pulse market breaker.’ While only the Indian government can decide how best to support its own farmers, domestic price support for farmers must be undertaken in a manner that is both transparent and predictable. Without this balance, the uncertain future of domestic policy in India will continue to negatively impact the global pulse market, leading to reduced plantings by farmers in regions such as South Asia, Africa, North America, Eastern Europe and Russia. The inherent risk in global pulse production is being compounded by uncertainty in India’s domestic pulse policy. From the Canadian perspective, a first and urgent step for India’s government is the development of a transparent system that will help farmers and trade predict changes, up or down, to India’s import duties. The timeline for this is very tight; farmers around the world are already making their 2018 planting decisions. India must also return to science-based approaches to plant

protection policy. Plant protection policies cannot be abused as a tool to limit trade for economic or political reasons as this further erodes the confidence of growers and trade in the global pulse market. Plant protection policies must only be used to address the actual level of risk that imports present to the importing country. And finally, future changes to India’s policy must respect the WTO Agreement on Agriculture that in Article 5:3 states that additional duties on products ‘tariffed’ shall not be applied to goods “en route on the basis of a contract settled before the additional duty is imposed.” Pulse trade with India has changed at the very time when the entire world is looking to the food system to deliver on both consumer expectations and social needs like human health and environmental sustainability. Pulses will inevitably be part of the global strategy to create an affordable and healthy food system that protects the planet’s resources. A more predictable production and trade environment for pulses is in everyone’s interest. Governments and the pulse trade the world over had best move quickly to fix this problem. 2018 should be the year to grow more pulses — not less.


Off the front

february 12, 2018 •

mental health } from page 1

“It seemed like no matter what I did, there weren’t enough hours in the day and there wasn’t enough money in the bank to keep everything going.”

Then he injured himself at work, and things got worse from there. “I couldn’t physically do anything, but I still had everything that needed to be done,” said Stanford. “If I’m not working — if I’m ill or injured — and I can’t make money, we’re all in trouble.”

A heavy burden

For Stanford, that sobering realization only ramped up the pressure. Their success — or failure — as a family and as a farming operation was on his shoulders. “I don’t farm that many acres, so there isn’t a lot of room for error,” said Stanford, who grows 650 acres of both dryland and irrigated crops. “There’s not a lot of extra cash if you need to adjust your farming plan, and you’re always stressed about what the right move for expansion might be.” As farming becomes more intricate and competitive, farmers like Stanford are forced to choose between this piece of equipment or that piece of rental land; this agronomy or that marketing service. And it all costs money they can’t afford to spend. If they choose to figure it out on their own, like Stanford did, the mental load becomes a weight that’s hard to bear. “Farming is tough no matter what, but I’m starting from scratch and building up to something,” said Stanford, whose operation is separate from his father’s and his brother’s. This is the sort of stress that is literally killing farmers. “Stress for anyone causes more psychological distress, and farming is considered to be one of the most stressful occupations,” said Judi Malone, chief executive officer of the Psychologists Association of Alberta.

Sean Stanford

Do More Agriculture Foundation co-founders Himanshu Singh (left), Lesley Rae Kelly (centre), and Kim Keller launched the new mental health-focused non-profit at FarmTech in late January.  PHOTO: Jennifer Blair “Male farmers do have higher levels of stress, social isolation, psychological distress, and rates of suicide.” A study conducted by the University of Guelph found 35 per cent of farmers suffer from depression, 45 per cent from high stress, and 58 per cent from anxiety. In many cases, those illnesses remain undiagnosed. Rural Albertans in general underestimate how serious or widespread mental health problems really are, said Malone, whose research focuses on mental health in rural populations. Up to one-third of people who live in rural areas have moderate to high levels of psychological distress, which can show up as anxiety, depression, substance abuse problems, and even suicidal behaviours.

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And the ‘stiff upper lip’ farmers pride themselves on is making it harder for them to know when it’s time to seek help. Roughly 40 per cent of farmers in the Guelph study said they would not seek help because of the stigma associated with mental health problems. “They see other farmers struggling and pushing through, so there becomes this belief that they should be able to push through as well,” said Malone. Stanford agrees. “Farmers are supposed to be strong, independent people. They’re not supposed to need anybody or rely on anybody,” he said. “So when the time comes when you actually do need somebody, you don’t even really know how to approach it.”

The Do More Agriculture Foundation is hoping to bridge that gap by destigmatizing mental illness in the agriculture industry and offering resources designed specifically for farmers. “Our industry is built on resiliency and perseverance and strength, but talking about mental health can be a big challenge,” said Lesley Rae Kelly, a farmer and co-founder of the Do More Agriculture Foundation. “It comes with a stigma, and that can hold some barriers to speaking up and seeking help for people who need it.” The goal of the foundation is to tear down some of those barriers, said Kim Keller, who cofounded the organization with Kelly, Farm At Hand co-founder Himanshu Singh, and Saskatchewan curler Kirk Muyres. “There’s this idea that if we were to show that emotion or reach out for help, we would be perceived as weak,” said Keller, who farms near Melfort, Sask. “That’s something we’re definitely working to change so that every producer across Canada feels that they are empowered and supported and encouraged to take care of their mental wellbeing.”

Through conversation and community building, the goal of the foundation is to change “the culture of agriculture” to one that is more open about mental health. “We want to get people talking — to get them to ask more and listen more,” said Kelly, who farms near Watrous, Sask. “No one is alone in this industry. It’s hard. It’s tough. But you’re not alone in this.”

Sick, not weak

That’s why it’s important for farmers to reach out, Malone added. “If we don’t address issues, they don’t get better,” she said. “As soon as we talk about it and bring it into the open, it takes a lot of the potential stigma and psychological distress out of it. We’re not as alone.” For Stanford, talking about his problems was hard — but it was the first step toward healing. “The best thing I did was go see my family doctor and be honest with him,” said Stanford. His doctor prescribed medication for his anxiety and referred him to a counsellor, who talked him through his problems. “We were able to pinpoint some troubling areas in my work and life. He gave me a lot of tools to work with.” And part of that process was realizing he’s sick — not weak. “Men are supposed to be strong bodied and strong minded, so when you ask for help, it makes you think you’re weak. You’re not weak,” he said. “I don’t feel like I’m weak because I looked for help or shared my story. I do feel like I’m sick, and I feel stronger getting help than I did before. “I’m not going to hide what I’m doing. I’m not ashamed of it. We all need help at some point in our lives.”

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7 • february 12, 2018

Adapt } from page 1 In a sweeping political and economic analysis, Harper talked of powerful, chaotic forces upending a centuries-old world order — and also kicking up opportunities custom made for entrepreneurial farmers and agriculture. “These are now unprecedented opportunities for your businesses,” he said. “The free trade access that my government left Canada with means Canada now has access to nearly two-thirds of the world market. “It is a fairly unique Canadian competitive advantage. An advantage for you and everyone in our country.” While that message was vintage Harper, it came after he painted a picture of a world beset by a powerful anti-globalization movement that is destroying old-line centrist parties that have promoted global trade. You can see it everywhere, he said, from the rise of nativism and far-right movements to Brexit and the presidency of Donald Trump. A host of countries have seen angry voters punish politicians favouring freer trade, including Britain, Australia, South Korea, Brazil, and India, he said. “To quote Donald Trump — and this is my favourite Donald Trump quote — ‘What the hell is going on?’” said Harper, drawing a big laugh from the room that prompted him to quip, “That just works for so many things.” He then laid out his counterintuitive case — namely that the biggest force underpinning the backlash against free trade has also created an unparalleled opportunity for Prairie farmers to sell more of their grain and livestock around the world. Trade deals featured prominently in Harper’s recap of his government’s accomplishments. (He spent almost as much time poking fun at himself, including joking that he abandoned his plan to become an accountant because “I didn’t have the charisma.”) “When I came to office, Canada had free trade agreements with only five countries in the entire world,” he said. “When we left office, we had concluded negotiations with 51 (countries) and all of those are going to be in place very shortly.” He would repeat those figures twice more, even as he described how anger over lost jobs and stagnating wages has sparked fierce opposition to free trade, especially in the western world. “It is a division between people whose interests are global — because literally or figuratively, they cross borders every day — and on the other side, those whose interests are local,” he said. “It is a division between those who believe they are benefiting from globalization… and an increasing number of people who believe they are not. And I believe we are only in the early stages of this.”

throughout the world,” said Harper. “Look at what is happening with Brexit, with Trump, the nationalist movements, and think back to the forces Lech Walesa was talking about in 1980.” While it wasn’t easy back then to spot how communication technology would change the world, it’s obvious in the smartphone age, he said. “It means everyone can receive vast quantities of information… (but) they don’t just receive information, they can transmit information around the world. “Meaning everyone can network with others, close by or far away.” That’s a game changer unlike anything else, he said. “Never before in human history, have the mass of people been empowered in this way.” While a good part of this newfound power of the people, especially in Europe and the U.S., is now being directed against globalization, he said, that does not mean free traders — including Prairie grain and livestock producers — can’t win under this new scenario. But you will have to change your approach, Harper told his FarmTech audience. “Business is going to have to change,” he said. “Business isn’t

FarmTech attendees gave Stephen Harper a rousing welcome and received in return a blueprint for success in an increasingly protectionist world.   PHOTO: GREG STAMP just going to be about contracts and deals and laws. Business is going to become inseparable from developing relationships.” He later gave a specific example when answering a question from the audience about protectionism in India, whose recent pulse tariffs have sent prices plunging and will slash Prairie pulse

production by a million or more acres this spring. The tariffs are a direct result of the country’s Byzantine political system and he noted that overturning them will be “a long, slow process.” But Harper, who started an international consulting firm after leaving office, has talked to business people in both India and China on recent

visits, and believes they and their customers want to buy agricultural products from North America. “They want them very badly,” he said. “They recognize they are superior in quality, superior in safety, superior in experience, and frankly usually in price, as well. This is what they want.” Instead of relying on government-level negotiations, get to know the buyers who want what your farms are producing because they will work with you to open up their market, Harper urged his audience. “Put pressure on the (Indian) government from the bottom up — not just the to p down in trade negotiations — to open up their markets to the products that their people want to buy.” And to do that, do what the antiglobalization groups are doing — use communication technology to build alliances, he said. “You can develop direct relationships all around the world with your customers; with your suppliers; with your investors; with the communities in which you operate and sell; and their key decision makers. “You have to do this.”


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To explain why, Harper gave his view on how communication technology has fundamentally altered the world. He outlined how a 1980 strike at a Polish shipyard led by an electrician named Lech Walesa became the first of a series of dominoes that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. He noted that strike coincided with the appearance of the first personal computers and how Walesa, by now Poland’s president, later told him that unprecedented ability for ordinary people to communicate with each other was fundamental in those events. “The forces that destroyed the Soviet Union have not ceased, they have accelerated and they are a growing power everywhere

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Taken by surprise: Trade deal hits supply management with no warning When combined with earlier trade deals, imports could take 10 per cent of the dairy and poultry market BY ALEX BINKLEY AF contributor


he supply-managed sector learned the new TransPacific trade deal would be proceeding at the same time the rest of the country did — even though it was meeting regularly with cabinet ministers and government officials to express its concerns. Supply management officials are now awaiting the opportunity to explain to Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAulay that the increased market access from the trade deal and earlier ones means up to 10 per cent of the Canadian dairy and poultry market has been turned over to foreign products. Canada and 10 other countries reached an agreement on a TransPacific trade deal (now called the Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership or CPTPP) last month. An official signing is expected in March. The dairy and poultry marketing boards now want to see if the government will act on an October 2015 commitment to support the sector if the market for their products was opened to more imports. That commitment was made when an earlier version of the agreement — then called the Trans-Pacific Partnership or TPP — appeared to be going ahead. Officials from the sector say they’re not opposed to Canada joining the trade agreement because of the potential gains it has for the rest of the agri-food sector. But they want Ottawa to minimize the harm they could face and they’re also worried the government may make additional import concessions under a new NAFTA agreement. “It is more important than ever that the government start closing the loopholes and implementing the programs that were previously promised when the TPP was first concluded,” said Benoit Fontaine, chair of Chicken Farmers of Canada. The government’s announcement of the Trans-Pacific deal was a sombre day for the 221,000 Canadians who depend on the dairy sector for their livelihood, said Pierre Lampron, president of Dairy Farmers of Canada. “We believe this deal will harm the turkey sector,” added Mark Davies, chair of Turkey Farmers of Canada. “There was no need to maintain the market access levels of the original TPP, which were made in response to demands by the U.S., which is no longer part of the agreement.” International Trade Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne said the revised agreement “is the right deal,” but neither he nor other cabinet ministers have addressed the concerns of the marketing boards. “Right now our focus is on the significant outcomes and opportunities that this agreement will bring to Canada, and to the agricultural sector,” he said. “It will give the Canadian agricultural industry preferential access to all CPTPP countries and will provide new market access opportunities for a wide range of Canadian products, including meat, grains, pulses, maple syrup, wines and spirits, seafood and agri-food.” Background information provided by Global Affairs Canada says that in return, Canada will provide permanent CPTPP-wide tariff-rate quotas covering dairy, poultry and egg products. This access will be

gradually phased in over a five-year period, followed by a smaller growth of the quota volume until year 13. “This represents a small portion of Canada’s current annual production. Imports beyond these volumes will be subject to Canada’s usual most-favoured-nation (MFN) tariffs of up to 313.5 per cent,” the document reads. Fontaine said Canada should have taken the increased access off the table “since none of the other partners have provided anything in exchange for this increased access to the Canadian chicken market.” He said the government needs to deliver the support programs and implement the anti-circumvention measures relating to chicken, including mislabelled broiler chicken imported as spent fowl; the addition of sauce to circumvent import quotas; and other loopholes. “Together, the circumventions have resulted in annual losses of more than $139 million in farm cash receipts, 4,456 jobs, $335.3 million to the GDP and $11.9 million in tax revenues,” he said. “Increased access to the Canadian chicken market, especially without gaining something in return, is going to impact jobs from coast to coast. These programs will help lessen the damage being done by the giving away of our market access.”

Dairy, egg and poultry producers are all concerned about the effect the Trans-Pacific trade deal will have on their sectors.  PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

“It is more important than ever that the government start closing the loopholes and implementing the programs that were previously promised when the TPP was first concluded.” Benoit Fontaine

Dairy Farmers’ Lampron said the sector is getting mixed messages from Ottawa. “On the one hand, the Canadian government has repeatedly stated that it wants a vibrant, strong, and growing dairy sector that creates jobs and fosters investments; on the other hand, it continues to carve out pieces of our domestic dairy market, first through CETA (the European trade deal), and now through the CPTPP,” he said. “The government must understand that in continuing to make these concessions, they are putting the Canadian dairy sector in jeopardy.” Davies said the trade deal “will increase import access to the Canadian turkey market by 71 per cent, representing $270 million in lost farm cash receipts over the next 19 years, and a farm output loss of at least 4.5 per cent. “Farmers’ livelihoods will be impacted by corresponding farm income losses, without even taking into account downward pressure on farm prices or the market growth Canadian farmers will lose to exporters,” he said. “Total economic activity losses in the order of $111 million per year will occur throughout the value chain.” 57793-1 DAS_SimplicityMatters_Black_EB_13-1667x9_v1.indd 1

9 • February 12, 2018

What risks are looming on the horizon for your farm? Interest rate hikes, fuel costs, market swings, and even the stock market are all things to watch this year HISTORICAL TRENDS



o know where you are going, it helps to know where you’ve been. So, if the trend is indeed your friend, then it is reasonable to expect some of the trends of last year to lay the foundation for 2018. This is not necessarily a forecast or outlook, but rather an analysis of current market conditions and what they could mean for your costs and revenues as well as your assets and liabilities. Market movements will affect so many parts of your farm financials that it’s good to take a broad view of global market trends starting with interest rates, often a determinant of so many other markets. Interest rates are an inherent part of most modern farm businesses. Whether you are planning an upcoming expansion or renewing an existing loan, the direction of interest rates will be












Hard Red Spring Wheat



Winter Wheat











Canadian Dollar Interest Rates



Crude Oil



Stock Market



important since they are at such low levels. Last year, the U.S. federal fund rates rose a full one per cent from 0.5 per cent to 1.5 per cent, while the Bank of Canada rate increased from 0.5 per cent to one per cent. Ten-year government bond rates,

which affect medium- and longerterm borrowing, have increased 1.25 per cent from their lows in 2016, from one per cent to 2.25 per cent in Canada and from 1.25 per cent to 2.5 per cent in the U.S. And, the existing trend is still pointing toward higher rates in North America.


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The U.S. is expected to raise rates at least a couple of times this year, based on current market conditions, so we should see Canadian rates increase as well. In fact, historically, Canadian government bond rates tend to move in the same direction as U.S. Treasury bonds about 80 per cent of the time. Additional borrowing costs can turn into a significant incremental expense whereby even a onehalf per cent to one per cent rate increase can impact your bottom line. A one per cent increase on a million dollars of borrowing over five years would mean an extra $50,000 in expenses for the farm. Fortunately, just as you can use market-based tools like options and futures to hedge your grain, livestock and currency risk, there are exchange traded tools to protect against rising interest rates as well. In the foreign exchange market, the Canadian dollar rose about four cents from 74 U.S. cents to about 78 cents with the overall U.S. dollar index down 8.5 per cent. Longer term, the loonie has been in a sideways pattern for the past two years. So, watch for sustained trading activity above 80 cents or below 75 U.S. cents as a signal of a change in direction. Any changes to NAFTA or a divergence in interest rate policy between the Bank of Canada and the U.S. Federal Reserve are the two mostly likely sources of currency and interest rate volatility in the upcoming year. Don’t forget that while a weaker loonie would be helpful on the revenue side, many inputs are imported from the U.S. or priced in U.S. dollars, so that a weaker Canadian dollar makes them more expensive. Be opportunistic and think about managing both the expense and revenue side of the currency equation. Fuel costs are another component of all farm operations. In 2017, crude oil futures were up 12 per cent, increasing from US$52/ barrel to around US$58, while natural gas was down 25 per cent. Expect these conditions to continue with crude oil prices staying strong but natural gas weak. Feeder and full-weight cattle futures trended higher on average by over 20 per cent and Canadian cash prices have been quite good. Hog futures had a very choppy 2017, ending the year up only about five per cent. For next year, it’s harder to see a definitive price pattern emerging for hog futures since they have been trading in a 10- to 15-cent range for the past couple of years. Cattle futures, on the other hand, have entered into more of a sideways pattern and some downside risk may develop. For grains, it was mostly a down year in 2017. Corn was down 10 per cent, hard red winter wheat was down almost 15 per cent, but hard red spring was up about 10 per cent. Currently, wheat and corn futures are still drifting lower as we begin 2018 but oilseeds have been in a price channel for the past few years. Canola was unchanged at $500/tonne in 2017 and soybeans were down only five per cent. In fact, all the largest oilseed markets including soybean, rapeseed, palm and sunflower have

Market movements will affect so many parts of your farm financials that it’s good to take a broad view of global market trends.

a similar price pattern. All these global oilseed markets have been going sideways over the past couple of years. Expect more sideways canola price action until a definitive change in oilseed trends occur. In particular, pay attention to any price breakout above C$525 or below C$475/tonne on canola and above US$10.50 or below US$9.50/ bu. for soybeans; where soybeans and soybean oil futures go, canola tends to follow. Finally, with many TFSAs, RRSPs or retirement assets invested in stocks, we can’t forget about the equity markets. The Canadian TSX index was up 8.5 per cent, European markets were up around 10 per cent, and the U.S. S&P 500 increased by about 20 per cent. However, many of the larger emerging markets like China and India were up even stronger, 36 per cent and 39 per cent, respectively. Even though some markets are pricey and getting expensive, many countries and industry sectors are well priced and relatively less expensive. Given most of the global stock market trends are quite strong, be cautiously optimistic but keep an eye out for any topping pattern. Remember, the trend is your friend... until it ends. See the accompanying table for a quick summary of these historical market trends over the past six and 12 months to help make sense of all this. It doesn’t mean these trends will continue but rather an analysis of where we’ve been and an indication of where we could potentially be going. Bottom line, we often need to look back at where we’ve been to figure out where we’re going. Chart trends and patterns are an effective and straightforward measure to take the pulse of a market. Some markets are in a sideways pattern while some show a divergence between six-month and 12-month trends. Watch for changes in direction and be prepared by including options and futures hedging strategies in your marketing tool box to manage risk and benefit from opportunities in the year ahead. David Derwin is a portfolio manager and commodity/investment adviser with PI Financial Corp. (dderwin@, a member of the Canadian Investor Protection Fund. The risk of loss in trading commodity interests can be substantial. You should therefore carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for you in light of your financial condition. This is intended for distribution in those jurisdictions where PI Financial Corp. is registered as an adviser or a dealer in securities and/or futures and options.

NEWS » Markets



Clogged roads plague grain transport

More canola, wheat acres expected

As Brazil’s soy farmers begin harvesting, problems on a road connecting the country’s agricultural heartland to northern ports provide new evidence the world’s largest exporter of the oilseeds is far from solving its logistical bottlenecks. The most affected area was around the district of Moraes Almeida where traffic was backed up for an estimated 60 kilometres. The Mato Grosso grain growers’ association Aprosoja said “thousands” of trucks were stranded around Moraes Almeida after army blockades stopped traffic to clear the road for maintenance and construction. — Reuters

Canadian farmers will seed more wheat and canola in 2018 at the expense of pulse crops, according to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s first crop estimate for the 2018-19 crop year. Total canola acres in 2018 are forecast at 24 million — up one million from last year. All-wheat acres (including durum) are forecast at 23.5 million (versus 22.6 million seeded in 2017). Oats and barley are also forecast to see an increase in planted area. But pea acreage is expected to fall sharply to 3.2 million acres (versus 4.1 million acres last year) with lentil seedings plunging to 3.2 million acres, would be down by 1.2 million. — CNS

Report showing increase in total canola stocks doesn’t faze markets But a worsening outlook for U.S. winter wheat production briefly shook up wheat futures By Phil Franz-Warkentin


CE Futures Canada canola contracts kept within their well-established sideways trading range during the week ended Feb. 2, as the market remains stuck in its own version of the “Groundhog Day” movie. The nearby March contract has held within a $10 range ($490 to $500 per tonne) for more than a month now, looking for a reason to move one way or the other. What it will take to break out of the loop remains to be seen, but South American weather conditions are one factor to watch. Parts of Brazil are just getting started with harvest, which means rains there could cause delays, which would support prices. Meanwhile, hot and dry conditions in Argentina have cut into the yield prospects there, but updated forecasts were calling for some much-needed precipitation late in the week. Statistics Canada on Feb. 5 released its stocks as of Dec. 31 report, which is proba-

bly one of the least followed of agricultural data put out by the government agency, but it still has the potential to sway the markets if anything is deemed surprising. The amount of grain in commercial hands is well known, but supplies on farm typically come with more of a question mark. Total canola stocks were pegged at 14.15 million tonnes by the government agency, about 800,000 tonnes above the level seen at the same point a year ago and a new record for the end of December. While canola supplies are large, the immediate reaction was muted in the futures and prices were on the rise immediately after the report’s release. In the U.S., wheat saw some excitement during the week, climbing higher at one point on the back of some very poor condition ratings in Kansas and other winter wheat-growing states. However, prices turned the other way in the latter half of the week as profit-taking came forward. Kansas City contracts held on to gains of about 20 U.S. cents per bushel, but the Minneapolis spring wheat lost a few cents overall.

Snowfall covered the Midwest over the weekend of Feb. 3-4, but the driest parts of the southern Plains missed out, which should keep weather at the forefront. For soybeans and corn, in addition to South American weather, traders are also keeping an eye on export movement. U.S. corn remains favourably priced on the global market and con-

tinued to move at a good pace. However, weekly soybean sales were disappointing, which kept that market under some pressure. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

For three-times-daily market reports from Resource News International, visit “ICE Futures Canada updates” at

Trader and processor riding the pulse price roller-coaster But the head of AGT Food and Ingredients is optimistic, saying ‘the cycle will reset itself’ BY ASHLEY ROBINSON CNS Canada


ulses and AGT Food and Ingredients were both riding a high in 2016. Early that year, lentil prices topped $1,000 a tonne and soon after, shares of the Saskatchewanbased pulse buyer, processor, and exporter went above $40 per share. But both pulse prices and AGT stock have come a long way down. In July of last year, lentil prices dropped to $870.78 per tonne and then to $721.05 in October. AGT stock followed suit and has fallen by more than half. The price of pulses in Canada was driven higher following the 2015 harvest. India had suffered from two consecutive years of drought. In 2015, India bought 30 per cent of Canada’s pulse exports, totalling 1.5 million tonnes. “This is a commodity cycle,” said Murad Al-Katib, president and CEO of AGT. “As prices accelerated demand was really strong, farmers planted more acres here but they also planted more acres

in other countries around the world... So I think what we’re seeing now is the reaction, commodity prices have come down. “The cycle will reset itself.” The summer of 2017 was clouded with uncertainty for the Canadian pulse industry. A regularly renewed fumigation exemption from the Indian government was only renewed for a few months. As the deadline drew closer no further exemption was granted, leaving Canada sitting in the dark. In October, the Indian government began to sell off its 1.8-million-tonne stockpile of pulses, adding supplies to the world pulse marketplace. When AGT released its thirdquarter results in November, it’s adjusted gross profit for the quarter had decreased to $29 million from $47 million a year earlier, and share prices fell sharply. “The market has reacted to us to say, ‘Look your earnings came down.’ So we got punished, our stock was down,” said Al-Katib. “I don’t know, 40 per cent, that’s a big reduction in the value of our company.” A few days later more bad news

“I think what we’re seeing now is the reaction, commodity prices have come down. The cycle will reset itself.” Murad Al-Katib

came for the pulse industry. India placed a 50 per cent tariff on all pea imports into the country. The tariff was meant to help prop up domestic pulse prices for Indian farmers. Two days later AGT’s stock dropped to less than $18.50 per share. It has since crept up a bit with news of another Indian tariff (30 per cent on chickpeas and lentils) offset by news AGT had struck a 20-year agreement with wood fibre exporter Fibreco Export to construct a terminal at its port space at the Port of Vancouver. “The latest tariff was lentils which should have obviously (affected our stock) if people were concerned... (but) we’ve communicated to the market very clearly stability in our financing. So our

balance sheet is strong, our food ingredients business is growing and we’re diversified,” Al-Katib said. When pulse prices were high AlKatib said AGT was planning for the future by reinvesting profits back into the company, investing $60 million to $70 million annually over the last five years into infrastructure projects, including processing facilities around the world and shipping systems in Canada. “Those types of investments are going to continue for us,” Al-Katib said. “We’re going to continue strongly into this value-added ingredients and we’re going to continue to look at the production of food products from pulses.”

AGT president and CEO Murad Al-Katib says the company is well positioned to weather a commodity downturn due to diversification.  PHOTO: AGT FOODS


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China fires trade warning shot Beijing targets Trump’s core farm base in looming trade spat



Wheat bids follow lead of U.S. futures Kansas City March HRW wheat rose 20.25 U.S. cents per bushel on the week BY ASHLEY ROBINSON CNS Canada



hina has indicated farmers in states that voted for U.S. President Donald Trump may be Beijing’s top retaliatory target in the event of a trade war. Earlier this month, the country’s Ministry of Commerce launched an anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigation, potentially leading to hefty tariffs on imports of sorghum, used in livestock feed and the fiery Chinese liquor baijiu. The move came less than two weeks after Trump slapped steep tariffs on imports of solar panels and washing



wheat bids were up $4-$7. Prices across the Prairies ranged from $185 per tonne in southwestern Saskatchewan to $205 per tonne in southern Alberta. Average durum prices fell by $1 in most of Western Canada; bids ranged from about $232 to $272 per tonne. Most prices were around the $272 mark, while northwestern Saskatchewan was the outlier at $232. The March spring wheat contract in Minneapolis, off of which most CWRS contracts Canada are based, was quoted Feb. 2 at US$6.0375 per bushel, down 10.75 U.S. cents from the previous week. Kansas City hard red winter wheat futures, traded in Chicago, are more closely linked to CPSR in Canada. The March K.C. wheat contract was quoted at US$4.6325 per bushel on Feb. 2, up 20.25 U.S. cents compared to the previous week.


“They believe that if they ratchet up the heat in key red states where there’s a large agricultural community that’s voted for Donald Trump that it will somehow change the situation.” Paul Burke

While many sorghum traders in China were surprised by the news, they said they would likely switch to buying from the nation’s ample supplies of locally grown corn instead. China’s state reserve is big enough to feed the country for a year.

Political resonance

Business executives had expected Beijing to target commodities, a major U.S. export to China, in any response to the escalating trade dispute. Lester Ross, chairman of the policy committee at the American Chamber of Commerce in China, recently told reporters that China would take aim at sectors with “political resonance in the United States,” such as commodities and aircraft. With Trump threatening further action on steel and aluminum imports from China as well as alleged Chinese intellectual property rights abuses, the conflict could escalate further. Many Chinese experts think politicians in Washington are not prepared to pay the heavy economic and political price needed to upset trade dynamics between the world’s two largest economies, including a large Chinese trade in goods surplus. But some business executives warn that invoking a Cold War-era trade law to impose tariffs on steel and aluminum could trigger a trade war, which could expand to other more critical commodities, such as soybeans, the United States’ biggest agricultural export by value worth more than US$12 billion last year. Chinese officials told a delegation of U.S. soy growers last fall that soybeans were being considered as a target for retaliatory action, Burke said. “We’re watching the situation very closely,” he said.

Merger mania looks set to continue Reuters


rcher Daniels Midland is close to buying smaller rival Bunge, according to the Bloomberg news service. The potential deal comes as large grain traders that make money by buying, selling, storing and shipping commodity crops have struggled with global oversupplies. Thin margins have squeezed such trading operations, including those of ADM, Bunge, Cargill and Louis Dreyfus — the

“ABCDs” that have long dominated the industry. Any deal would likely face stiff scrutiny from government regulators and opposition from U.S. farmers who fear that handing more market control to ADM could hurt wheat, corn, and soybean prices. The companies would probably need to sell facilities in North America, such as grain silos, to win approval for a deal, analysts said. A tie-up could also spark a bidding war for Bunge with Glencore, which already made an unsuccessful

approach to Bunge last year. Glencore could buy assets that ADM and Bunge divest as well. Talks between ADM and Bunge come after a wave of merger mania has already swept through the U.S. farm sector. Last year, DowDuPont was formed  through the merger of Dow Chemical and DuPont, and separately PotashCorp combined with Agrium to form Nutrien. Bayer is seeking to acquire Monsanto. Bunge operates in more than 40 countries.

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heat bids in Western Canada followed the lead of U.S. futures markets for the week ended Feb. 2, with some dropping while others increased. Depending on the location, average Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS, 13.5 per cent protein) wheat prices in Western Canada fell $4-$7, according to price quotes from a cross-section of delivery points compiled by PDQ (Price and Data Quotes). Average prices ranged from about $221 per tonne in western Manitoba to as high as $241 in parts of Alberta. Quoted basis levels varied from location to location, but fell slightly to range from $1 below the futures to $19 per tonne above the futures when using the grain company methodology of quoting the basis as the difference between U.S. dollardenominated futures and Canadian dollar cash bids. When accounting for currency exchange rates by adjusting Canadian prices to U.S. dollars, CWRS bids ranged from US$179 to US$195 per tonne, which was down on a U.S. dollar basis on the week. That would put the currency-adjusted basis levels at about US$27 to $43 below the futures. Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR)

machines and two months after Washington’s decision to investigate Chinese aluminum alloy sheet, the first U.S.initiated anti-subsidy and antidumping probe in decades. Those moves had rekindled concerns among global policymakers and markets of a U.S.China trade war. The U.S. accounts for more than 90 per cent of total sorghum imports by China — worth just over US$1 billion last year. A Chinese official called it “individual, normal trade remedy investigation case,” but trade experts said it was retaliation for recent U.S. actions against China. The country has used other niche farm products such as distillers dried grains to hurt the United States in recent years. But taking aim at sorghum at a time when the global grain market is in surplus and growers around the world are scrambling to find homes for their products hits at Trump’s core political base while avoiding damaging supplies of a product critical at home. Texas and Kansas, major Republican strongholds or “red states,” produce most of the U.S. sorghum crop. “They believe that if they ratchet up the heat in key red states where there’s a large agricultural community that’s voted for Donald Trump that it will somehow change the situation,” said Paul Burke, Asia director at U.S. Soybean Export Council.

news » livestock



One-stop shop for eco-services programs

Online town hall on cattle checkoff

Looking for an ecosystem services program that fits your operation? Alberta Beef Producers has created a seven-page fact sheet of several dozen programs. These include programs focused on conservation; wetland protection and management; and offsets. The fact sheet also breaks out several programs from Ducks Unlimited Canada, projects funded under Growing Forward 2, and Alternative Land Use Services (ALUS) programs, which are available in 10 Alberta counties. There is a description of programs, its current status, and links and contact information. The list can be found at www. (click on the Producer pull-down menu, and then on Cattle Practices). — ABP

The Canadian Beef Check-Off Agency will be hosting an online town hall on the cattle checkoff on Feb. 27. The agency, which oversees Canada Beef and the Beef Cattle Research Council, said the town hall will examine how the checkoff is collected, remitted and invested, and give “concrete examples of the return on investment for Canadian producers.” There will also be information on the increase in the checkoff, which is taking place later this year. There will be two 90-minute sessions — one at 3 p.m. and one at 6 p.m. For more info on the town hall and how to log on, go to — Canadian Beef Check-Off Agency

Don’t risk a wreck in your cow’s reproduction this spring Breeding timing makes a difference in open rates and so do vaccinations and copper deficiency BY ALEXIS KIENLEN

“It’s not enough just to get cows pregnant. We need to make sure that cows carry calves to term and deliver a healthy calf.”



f you want to make sure that you get calves on the ground, pay attention to body score, when you calve, and vaccinations. That was the message from Cheryl Waldner, a professor in large-animal clinical sciences at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Saskatchewan. “You need to get the cattle cycling at the start of the breeding season and we need to get conception rates to ensure herd fertility,” Waldner said during a recent Beef Cattle Research Council webinar. Normal open rates in a herd are about six per cent, according to data from the Western Canadian Cow-Calf survey, which covered 64,000 breeding females, she said. But there was a lot of variation — ranging from about two per cent to 12.5 per cent (or more) for individual herds. For heifers (which tend to have higher open rates), the average was 8.5 per cent, but ranged anywhere from zero to 24 per cent in some herds. So what can you do to beat those average numbers? “When you breed in May or June, you get slightly lower open rates than herds that start breeding in July or later,” said Waldner. However, the difference isn’t huge, and she advises caution before moving breeding dates.

Cheryl Waldner

Data from the Western Canadian Cow-Calf survey provides valuable insights into lowering open rates in your herd.  PHOTO: CANADA BEEF “If you start to breed calves in the last weekend in February or March, keep in mind that we are pushing cows a little harder if they are being asked to get pregnant in the summer breeding season,” she said. Pasture management and nutrition are important considerations during this time. “It’s not enough just to get cows pregnant,” she said. “We need to make sure that cows carry calves to term and deliver a healthy calf.” The survey didn’t find abortions to be an issue — the typical herd had less than one per cent of abortions for both calves and heifers. And there was no correlation between late-season breeding and abortions. “Abortion rates are low and they’re not particularly seasonally dependent. That’s good news,” said Waldner.

Stillbirths are generally about 1.8 per cent for cows, and 2.7 per cent for heifers, with the risk lower for cows bred in June, July and August versus those bred earlier. As well, cows bred in May and June had slightly lower pregnancy rates. Droughts also had an impact on stillbirths, and this was seen particularly in research done in 2001 and 2002.

Improving the odds

Body condition score is a key factor in open rates. The scoring system used in Western Canada runs from 1 (thin) to 5 (heavy), with most cattle falling in the 2 to 4 range. Those with a 2 (visible short ribs) had open rates 3.5 to 4.3 times higher than those with a 3 (short ribs that can be felt with hand pressure).

“The surprising thing for me was that when we looked at cows that are 3.5 — on the heavier side — they were more likely to be pregnant than cows that were a 3,” said Waldner. “Cows that were 3s were 1.2 times more likely to be open than cows that were 3.5.” Cows with a score of 2.5 also experienced a dip in pregnancy rates but there wasn’t a huge decline in pregnancy rates with cows that were a 4 or 4.5. Body condition score is also linked to abortions. Those with a score of less than 3 were 1.6 times more likely to abort while cows with a body condition score of 2 or less pre-calving were three times more likely to have a stillborn calf. Those with a 2.5 score were 1.5 times more likely to have a stillbirth than 3s. (However, thinner cows — 2s or less — are likely to need a hard pull during their calving.)

Copper levels affected pregnancy rates, especially in twoto three-year-old cows. Of 2,000 cows sampled in 2014, 43 per cent were found to be copper deficient, and 88 per cent of herds had at least one deficient cow. It also pays to vaccinate. Vaccinating for bovine viral diarrhea, campylobacter, and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis can also improve pregnancy rates, and prevent abortions, said Waldner. Cows vaccinated for BVD and IVR also got pregnant a week earlier than cows that weren’t. Those on community pastures and not vaccinated were three times more likely to be open and two times more likely to abort. The Beef Cattle Research Council’s website on body condition scoring is

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2018-01-12 3:59 PM



Pork exports key in 2018 as U.S. slaughter ramps up Higher exports are keeping higher pork supplies from weighing in on the market BY DAVE SIMS CNS Canada


anadian pork produc ers should see higher returns for their product this spring, but whether those prices last may determine how successful Canada is at tapping new markets. A c c o r d i n g t o U S DA s u p ply estimates, weekly U.S. hog slaughter numbers over the past two months have averaged 2.369 million head, up 3.2 per cent from the same time last year. That increase is expected to continue as two new massive operations in Michigan and Iowa started operations last fall. “That increased hog slaughter has helped ease the higher hog supply,” said Brad Marceniuk, a livestock economist with the Saskatchewan government. Normally, higher volumes of a product bring lower prices but strong U.S. exports, and by

The Keg to merge into Swiss Chalet, Harvey’s parent Cara’s $200-million deal for the wellknown steak house chain will up its restaurant count to 1,400 outlets STAFF

Canadian steak house chain The Keg is set to merge into Cara Operations, the parent for dining chains such as Swiss Chalet, Harvey’s, St-Hubert and Milestones, in a $200-million cash-and-stock deal. The two companies said a merger will afford them “synergistic opportunities in marketing, real estate and overall costs that will help further grow The Keg and Cara brands.” Ontario-based Cara will add 96 Keg restaurants in Canada and 10 in the U.S. to its 1,259 other sites. The deal calls for Cara to pay Vancouver-based Keg Restaurants’ shareholders — majority owner Fairfax Financial Holdings and Keg CEO David Aisenstat — $200 million in all, of which $105 million will be in cash and the balance in Cara shares. Cara also pledged up to $30 million more in cash if “certain financial milestones” are hit within the first three fiscal years after the deal closes. The Keg Royalties Income Fund, which today gets a four per cent royalty on Keg restaurants’ gross sales in exchange for the use of Keg-related trademarks it owns, will “remain in its current form” and continue to collect Keg-related royalties after the merger. Aisenstat is to remain with the merged company, become Cara’s vice-chairman and assume oversight also for three of Cara’s “higherend casual” brands, The Bier Markt, the Landing Group and Milestones. Cara’s other dining chains include Montana’s, Kelsey’s, East Side Mario’s, New York Fries, Burger’s Priest, Prime Pubs, State + Main, Elephant + Castle and Pickle Barrel.

extension Canada, have helped keep prices strong. New export markets will be sorely needed as the slaughter capacity in the U.S. rises, said Marceniuk. “We won’t eat more (pork) in North America necessarily but we’re going to have to export more,” he said. That’s why stakeholders in the Canadian pork industry are monitoring negotiations over the future of the North American Free Trade Agreement very closely, he said. Feed costs are another factor pressuring the Canadian market. U.S. corn prices are roughly the same as a year ago but barley prices here are higher, said Marceniuk. “So that would be a feed negative for Western Canada,” he said. He said he expects cash prices in Canada to be at the $170- to $180-per-100-kilogram range by the spring and summer.

Pork exports are going to have to increase for markets to keep up with expanding supply.  PHOTO: TEXAS A&M

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Improper cervical dilation at calving demands quick action This is one of the hardest situations that comes during calving and recognizing the problem is the first step Roy Lewis DVM


ne of the hardest calving dilemmas you face as producers, or we face as veterinarians, is improper cervical dilation. When going through the stages of labour before expulsion of the fetus, the cervix relaxes, softens, and opens up (essentially as wide as the vagina) to allow the fetus to enter the vaginal vault. When this does not happen normally, or is delayed, the health of the fetus and dam may be in jeopardy. If one were to examine a closeto-term pregnancy, the cervix is to the front of the vagina and the opening is normally about one to two fingers wide. It would be like sticking your finger in a doughnut. So when a cow is straining somewhat and you do a vaginal exam and find this condition, what is your next step? First off, I hope you have fully cleaned the cow’s back end, used OB sleeves, and an approved lubricant. The very act of examining her may initiate a small

degree of straining that may look like she’s calving, so be gentle. What I do in these situations — if I think a cow is calving and find a closed cervix — is re-examine her a couple of hours later. If I find the cervical opening has increased, that tells me calving is progressing. If there is no change, you now have to decide if this is a false alarm or an early indication that there is a problem. For example, her vagina could be prolapsing. At this juncture, some vets may have you give the cow more time and some may opt to perform a caesarean section. Each case is different. Another issue involves a cervix that will only open wide enough to get the front two legs through. This is not common but does require different interventions depending on how it is progressing. In a normal birth, the cervix is right out of the way when we get to the expulsion of the fetus. When it isn’t, we have a dystocia and the veterinarian will first try to dilate the cervix manually to facilitate delivery.

If the nose and head can be partially delivered, a slight amount of traction may help dilate the cervix fully. This is where one has to be really careful as too much traction is both stressful on the calf and may rip the cervix causing excessive bleeding and possibly be fatal to the cow. If no progress is made, a caesarean section is performed to get a live calf, and save the cow (but she should be marked for shipping the next year). Usually the fetal membranes can be passed through a partially opened cervix. Some of these cows with a partially opened cervix may have had a difficult calving the year before which caused some damage to the cervix. Even though there is a lot of room in the pelvis and vaginal opening, C-sections are the only solution for a cervix that won’t dilate. As mentioned, a forced extraction through a partially open cervix puts both the cow and calf’s life in jeopardy so a C-section is a win-win solution most times. You can usually tell if the cervix

will open with just some manual dilation. They are soft and supple, and you make progress getting them to open more after 10 or 15 minutes. If the cervix has a hard fibrous feel, no amount of time will get it to open up so jumping to a C-section hopefully will be in time to have a good result for cow and calf. There are a couple of other instances where a partially closed cervix will be encountered. After correcting a torsed uterus, your veterinarian may encounter a partially closed cervix. Because of the twist, the cervix cannot fully dilate but upon correction it can generally be dilated by hand. There is a tendency to let it dilate on its own, but I have done that and ran out of time resulting in a stillborn calf. Now I proceed to dilate the cervix manually to facilitate extraction. Generally these cervices are soft and supple, and in my experience easy to dilate. The other condition is a delayed calving that results in death and an emphysematous fetus. This could be because of a malpresentation, such as a

breech birth where the cervix is opened, straining does not ensue, time runs out, the calf dies, bloats up and straining ensues. Often the cervix can start to close up, much as it would after a normal calving. These cases may require a fetotomy or partial fetotomy, in order to salvage the cow. Although infrequent, partial cervical dilation does require serious intervention by either yourself or your veterinarian depending on your level of experience. Recognizing them is the first step. If you think a cow is in labour and no progress is being made, don’t hesitate to do a vaginal exam as improper cervical dilation may be a cause. By recognizing it early you have the time to intervene, and provide a favourable outcome. Have a great 2018 calving season everyone. Roy Lewis practised large-animal veterinary medicine for more than 30 years and now works part time as a technical services veterinarian for Merck Animal Health.

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This bird isn’t afraid of vertical experiences A white-breasted nuthatch works its way down the trunk of a spruce tree. Nuthatches are unique in that they walk head first down trees. This one was spotted near Millarville.  Photo: Wendy Dudley

Southeast Asia a ‘hot spot’ for antibiotic abuse An FAO official says there’s a need for both better education and greater enforcement BY AMY SAWITTA LEFEVRE Reuters

Overuse and misuse of antibiotics in food is rife in Southeast Asia, says the Food and Agriculture Organization chief veterinary officer. And that’s serious risks for people and animals as bacterial infections become more resistant to treatment, said Juan Lubroth. The threat of antimicrobial resistance is magnified in Asia’s megacities, where there was high population growth and intense food and agriculture production. “Here in Southeast Asia… we would consider it a hot spot because of the population growth, urbanization dynamics, the production of food,” Lubroth said from Bangkok. A new report from the World Health Organization said a new global surveillance system had found widespread occurrence of antibiotic resistance among 500,000 people with suspected bacterial infections across 22 countries. “Some of the world’s most common – and potentially most dangerous – infections are proving drug resistant,” said Marc Sprenger, director of the organization’s Antimicrobial Resistance Secretariat. A 2016 report, commissioned by the British government, projects US$100 trillion in losses by 2050 if nothing is done to reverse the trend, and estimated that the annual toll resulting from antibiotic resistance will climb to 10 million deaths in the next 35 years. “Ninety per cent of those deaths would be in the developing world, and that is scary,” Lubroth said. He said the FAO advocates educating farmers about the dangers of using antibiotics to promote growth in animals, and stronger enforcement of rules governing food production. “It’s not only about having the rules in black and white, they need to be applied.”

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Technology can’t ‘come to the rescue’

Drought fears spread in South Africa

Plans to curb climate change by sucking excess emissions out of the atmosphere rely on technologies that have “limited realistic potential” to work, say scientists. So-called “negative emissions” technologies — such as capturing emissions and storing them underground, or planting many more trees — are unlikely to help hold the line on climate change, according to a report from the European Academies Science Advisory Council. In order to keep temperatures from rising 2 C above pre-industrial levels, the main focus must be on emission reductions, it said. “We cannot trust technology to come to the rescue,” said scientist Michael Norton. — Thomson Reuters Foundation

The water shortages that have hit Cape Town are now threatening South Africa’s industrial heartland around Johannesburg, which has so far avoided the shortages hitting other regions. Cape Town may run dry in April following two years of El Niño-triggered drought. Now Nelson Mandela Bay in the Eastern Cape province has imposed water restrictions, dam levels are at worrying levels in the sugar cane-producing province of Kwa-Zulu Natal, and a swath of the Corn Belt has been hit by drought. Johannesburg, Pretoria and much of the South Africa’s industry are also at risk because water levels in dams in neighbouring Lesotho are very low. — Reuters

Eyes to the skies — what’s the forecast for the rest of winter? If you’re hoping for snow, the forecasts are mostly favourable both in terms of precipitation and temperatures



he first month of 2018 has come to an end, which means it is time to take a look back at how 2018 started from a weather point of view, and then glance forward to see what the rest of February and March might hold in store for Alberta. Overall, most areas of Alberta saw mostly mild, dry weather in January. The first week of the month saw very mild temperatures with daytime highs well above the 0° mark in several locations. This mild start to the month was quickly replaced by a shot of cold air that lasted about three to four days starting on the 9th. Daytime highs during this period struggled to reach the -20 C mark with overnight lows# dropping to around -30 C in the # southern and central regions with a few -40 C over more northern locations. The cold weather also brought in a little light snow (with accumulations mostly staying in the two- to fivecentimetre range). As quickly as the cold air moved in it left and the rest of the month saw nice mild temperatures with very little precipitation. Cooler air moved in during the last few days of the month and this cooler pattern was accompanied by the first significant snowfalls of the month across central and northern regions. When all the numbers are added up, it turns out that all three regions (Calgary, Edmonton, and Peace River) saw mean monthly temperatures that were above average. The Edmonton region was the warmest relative to average with a reading of -9.3 C which was about 2.8 C above average.  Calgary saw a mean monthly temperature of -6.2 C which is about 1.0 C above average. Peace River’s mean temperature for January was -14.4 C, which was about 0.5 C above average. Precipitation amounts were a little below average in January with both the Edmonton and Peace River regions seeing about 15 millimetres of water equivalent precipitation, which

Accumulated Precipitation (mm)

in past 30 days, as of February 1, 2018 <2 2 to 3 3 to 5 5 to 10 10 to 15


Fort St. John

15 to 20 20 to 25 25 to 30 30 to 40 40 to 50 50 to 75 75 to 100


100 to 125


125 to 150 150 to 175 > 175






Calgary Regina



This map shows the total amount of precipitation that fell across the Prairies during the 30-day period ending on Feb. 1. You can see the southern two-thirds of the agricultural regions of the Prairies received very little precipitation, with most areas seeing less than 10 millimetres. The only ‘wet’ areas were along the northern edge, with northwestern Alberta seeing the highest totals.



Copyright © 2018 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Prepared by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s Science and Technology Branch. Data provided through partnership with Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Provincial and private agencies. Produced using near real-time data that has undergone some quality control. The accuracy of this map varies due to data availability and potential data errors.

is about five millimetres below the long-term average for these regions. The Calgary region saw about nine millimetres of precipitation which is right around average for that area. So overall it was a warmer- and slightly drier-than-average January across most of Alberta. This leads us to the February and March forecasts. According to Environment Canada, February will be near to slightly colder than average, with the best chances of seeing below-average temperatures over northern regions.  These colder-than-average conditions are expected to continue into March. Along with the cold temperatures, Environment Canada is calling for above-average amounts of precipitation with the best chances being across southern regions.  The CFS (Climate Forecast System) weekly and monthly forecast is calling for temperatures to moderate to above-average values during the second half of February, with these milder-

than-average conditions lasting well into March. Precipitation is expected to be near to slightly below average, according to the CFS model. The Old Farmer’s Almanac is calling for temperatures to be a little bit warmer than average, along with precipitation amounts that are a little below average in both February and March. The Canadian Farmers’ Almanac looks to be calling for colderthan-average temperatures in February and early March as it uses the word cold and brisk several times in its discussion. Its discussion then turns to more fair and pleasant weather by the middle of March, which to me is near- to above-average temperatures. It also appears to be calling for above-average amounts of precipitation as the almanac calls for snow and stormy conditions in February and then mentions stormy, unsettled, and showery weather in March. The February and March forecast from the  NOAA (the

Created: 2018-02-02

According to Environment Canada, February will be near to slightly colder than average.

national weather service in the U.S.) is showing near-average temperatures in February over western regions with eastern regions seeing slightly belowaverage temperatures. Precipitation is forecasted to be above average in both February and March, with southern regions seeing the best chance of aboveaverage amounts. Finally, my forecast. It is based on the current pattern we’ve seen over the last

month and a half, along with what appears to be happening with the current La Niña event over the Pacific. It looks like February will end up seeing near- to slightly below-average temperatures along with slightly above-average amounts of precipitation. Temperatures will then transition to below-average values in March along with above-average amounts of precipitation, especially over southern regions. Confidence in my forecast is low as it looks like there will be some kind of major switch in the overall weather pattern before the end of February. But just exactly what that switch will be is questionable. Here is hoping that you get the type of weather you want to see. Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park, Man. Contact him with your questions and comments at





DowDuPont rolls out new brand

2017 FMC Corporation.

DowDuPont is rebranding some of its seed products under the Brevant name. The new name will replace the Dow Seeds brand over the coming months, the newly merged company said. In addition to global seed brands, it will also offer country- and region-specific brands. DowDuPont will eventually split into three separate units, a process that was supposed to take up to two years. But the company now expects to finalize the split in 14 to 16 months, starting with the Materials Science business early next year and Agriculture and Specialty Products in mid-2019. Dow and DuPont completed the US$130-billion merger in September. The merged company says it expects to save $3.3 billion annually by combining operations. — Reuters

This could be a year when half bad looks pretty decent, and that’s why durum is getting some attention BY JENNIFER BLAIR

“Durum may not be blowing your hair back on prices, but relative to the alternatives, it still looks better than the other options for these farms.”

AF staff


Jonathon Driedger

Production risks

Durum does well on Keldon Kulyk’s farm in southeast Alberta, but farmers farther north might struggle with the long-season crop.   PHOTO: Supplied

“Buyers don’t necessarily have to show a huge amount of urgency,” said Driedger. “Prices aren’t awful, but they’re certainly down a little bit from what farmers have had in recent years for better-quality durum.” However, it’s all relative — pretty much every grain and pulse market is well supplied. By that standard, durum prices aren’t bad. “Durum may not be blowing your hair back on prices, but relative to the alternatives, it still looks better than the other options for these farms,” he said. “It’s really going to vary individually by farm. There are areas where, if it’s between spring wheat and durum, it will come down to yield expectation.”

For Kulyk, it’s price. “Durum is one that’s always done well out here,” said Kulyk, whose father began growing the crop in the 1970s. “It’s drier and usually hotter, too. With those conditions and timely rains, durum has always seemed to do pretty well on most of our soils.” While yields are similar to spring wheat, prices are usually 50 cents to $1 higher — although it’s hardly a windfall. “Prices are not always what you want them to be, and if you factor in paying for trucking, it starts to impact what profit you can actually make,” said Kulyk, whose nearest grain elevator is 70 kilometres away. “If we can manage to store some of our higher quality and sell at a later date, we’ll probably plan for that.” Nevertheless, he grows durum every year, and expects to seed 1,400 acres to the crop this spring (compared to 1,000 last year). Producers with the same idea bet-

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ulse acres are expected to drop this year, and while many are predicting a corresponding rise in canola acres, another crop is drumming up some interest among producers. “I’ll be interested to see what happens this year with the possible decrease in pulses that could happen in Canada due to all the tariffs,” said Keldon Kulyk, who farms near Gold Spur in the southeastern part of the province. “There could be more people looking to grow durum.” Durum production has been hovering around the one-million-acre mark for the past two years. But in Alberta, areas typically seeded to pulses are also areas where durum does well, and for many producers, it would be a natural alternative. Market expert Jonathon Driedger is anticipating about a five per cent increase Prairie-wide. “If we see pulse acres come down a little bit, maybe some of that slides into durum,” said Driedger, a senior market analyst at FarmLink Marketing Solutions. “We’re not necessarily looking at a huge bump, but certainly not looking for a decrease.” Durum prices are “a bit meh,” he said in an interview in mid-January. Large ending stocks from 2016 carried over into 2017, which led to a smaller crop last year, but a high-quality one. Blending it with lower-quality 2016 stock means there’s adequate supply, with prices reflecting that.

ter be ready for some risk. Durum is one of Kulyk’s earliest-seeded crops, taking roughly 110 days to reach maturity. He can usually get in the field by the middle of April but in other parts of the province, it gets a bit squeaky. “The growing season is short, and the last couple of years, people have barely been able to get their crop off,” he said. “Five to 10 days can be all the difference come harvest time in specific areas.” If you grow it, don’t get too hung up on price, said Driedger. “It seems like durum is one of those crops that producers have an emotional attachment to,” he said. “If farmers grow good-quality durum, they want a good price for it.” Prices could change a fair bit between now and seeding, he said, and until the crop gets in the ground, it will be hard to say whether dry conditions in the province (if they last) will be good or bad. At this point, the outcome isn’t looking “super bullish.” “There are some factors that might give a more favourable outlook going forward, so I think we need to have our antenna up as to whether our outlook might change,” said Driedger. “There are enough unknowns that we don’t want to assume that the outcome is just going to be more of the same.” Just have realistic expectations, he added. “If we have another big crop, we need to make sure price expectations are in line and take advantage of opportunities accordingly.”


Always read and follow label instructions. Member of CropLife Canada. FMC and Express are trademarks of FMC Corporation. As of November 1, 2017, the PMRA registration for Express has been sold to FMC by DuPont.


Nothing to write home about but durum is getting second looks



Trying to grow malt can make you cry in your beer There’s way more money in malt than feed, but just 20 per cent of growers capture 80 per cent of malt sales BY JENNIFER BLAIR

“If malt barley is that profitable, why isn’t there 20 million acres of it grown like there is for canola?”

AF Staff / Red Deer


evin Sich thinks malt barley could give canola a run for its money any day of the week — even if market share doesn’t reflect that. “Malt barley is probably one of your most profitable crops. Return on investment is probably very strong,” said Sich, Rahr Malting’s grain department manager. “But if malt barley is that profitable, why isn’t there 20 million acres of it grown like there is for canola?” The answer is pretty straightforward: “It’s a speciality crop with limited market access.” “You’ll hear it in the coffee shop — ‘I had great malt barley, but I couldn’t find a market. I’ve got bins full of it. I’m going to have to sell it for the cows,’” Sich said at the Cereals Innovation Symposium last month. But that doesn’t tell the whole story. About 80 per cent of the malt sold comes from about 20 per cent of barley growers in Western Canada, he said. “If you’re one of the guys right now who’s in that 20 per cent, you’ve got it figured out. It’s the other 80 per cent of the barley growers fighting for 20 per cent of the market.” And that fight is a tough one. Prairie farmers harvest about seven million tonnes of barley every year, and roughly 60 per cent of the seeded acres go to malt varieties. That means a lot of hopes of cashing in on higher malt prices get dashed. And even on the feed side, things are getting tougher because the export market is getting more competitive. The two big customers are Saudi Arabia (about 10 million tonnes of feed annually) and China (about 7.3 million tonnes of both feed and malt). “Canada is trading into both, but a lot of the feed markets are now being serviced by the Black Sea region,” said Sich. “If you grow malt and end up with feed, your export opportunities are limited.” But what about the craft beer craze? Isn’t that pumping up demand for malt? Sorry, but not really, said Sich. “For every 12-pack you drink of your local craft suds, it means you’re probably not buying a 12-pack of the big-box store beer. You’re seeing a net gain in malt usage, but not as much as everybody thought.”

Location and variety

So is there a way to get into that elite 20 per cent who capture the lion’s share of malt sales? Yes and no, said Sich. First, you have to be in the right place. “Malt barley is like real estate — it’s all about location, location, location,” he said. “If you’re a barley grower an hour from the plant at Alix (a half-hour drive east of Red Deer), you should probably be growing malt barley, compared to somebody five hours away. “If I can buy the barley from my guy an hour away at $200 a tonne, and I have to pay $220 farther out, it’s business.” After that though, what you do on the farm makes a difference.

Kevin Sich

This is the goal for every malt grower, but it’s not an easy one to achieve.  PHOTO: Thinkstock Start by picking the right variety. “When you go out into the field in the spring with a seed drill full of barley, you have a 50-50 chance of getting malt barley at that point,” said Sich. “But if you don’t start out with the right variety for the market you’re going after, you’ve already swung the odds toward the house by 80 per cent. You’ve got to start out with the right variety.” AC Metcalfe has been the top choice but what Sich described as its “slow demise” began last year. Copeland is an established alternative that’s gaining ground and AAC Synergy is also gaining ground. “AAC Synergy seems to have a nice blend for the craft industry,” said Sich.

And protein content?

“In this study, we were able to stay below that 12.5 per cent threshold with Synergy and with Voyager, even at our highest nitrogen rate,” said Tidemann. “Voyager had the lowest pro-


tein of our varieties. But Synergy stayed fairly low as well, with Kindersley and Metcalfe within the higher protein levels.” She cautioned that these results were averaged across all site years, and in some years,

even Synergy and Voyager went over the 12.5 per cent mark. “We’re not guaranteeing that you can put on 100 kilograms per hectare of nitrogen and you’ll be below the 12.5 per cent threshold. But some of these newer varieties — like Synergy and Voyager — will allow for higher nitrogen applications, with an increase in yield, while maintaining acceptable protein levels.”



Yield and protein

It’s at this point that a grower’s skill comes into play. The usual agronomic practices all matter save one — nitrogen application. And the advice here is to curb your instinct to go for as much yield as possible. It’s a tricky equation, said Breanne Tidemann, a researcher at Agriculture Canada’s Lacombe station who recently co-authored a paper on how nitrogen (and preceding crops) affects protein levels. Many would-be malt growers have a “nitrogen conflict,” she said. “A producer’s goal is to increase yield so they can make more money, and nitrogen tends to be a surefire way to increase that yield,” said Tidemann. “But nitrogen also increases protein, which lowers your chance of making malt quality and, in turn, lowers your price premium. There’s a bit of a catch22 around the use of nitrogen.” How much nitrogen is too much? In federal trials across the Prairies, researchers applied four different nitrogen rates (from zero to 100 kilograms per hectare) to five different varieties — AC Metcalfe, AAC Synergy, CDC Kindersley, ABI Voyager, and Cerveza. The goal was to see which rates pushed protein levels over the 12.5 per cent threshold typically recommended for malt. Not surprisingly, more nitrogen boosted yields. “Metcalfe was our lowest-yielding variety across all of our nitrogen rates. Our highest-yielding variety was AC Synergy regardless of nitrogen rate, followed by Voyager and Cerveza.”

Let nothing slow you down.

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19 • February 12, 2018

Tips on growing 70-bushel-an-acre canola Good agronomy, higher input costs, and more work, including split fertilizer applications, are the key, says Saskatchewan farmer BY ALLAN DAWSON Staff/Brandon, Man.


matter.” That’s advice from Florian Hagmann, who farms at Birch Hills in north-central Saskatchewan, and whose 2017 canola averaged 70 bushels on 5,000 acres. Good agronomy is more important than new equipment, and so is applying more inputs, Hagmann said at a recent Manitoba farm conference. “I don’t use fancy equipment,” he said. “Equipment is a small part of the farm. It will help you do more acres, but if you have the (right) seed placement and the right product (nutrient) placement, that’s what makes success.” He likened it to Grandma’s baking. Success comes from the ingredients and baking skills, despite the old pots and pans. And while pushing higher yields adds risk, which needs to be considered, there is also the potential for a bigger payday, Hagmann said. A 50-bushel-an-acre canola crop worth $10 a bushel grosses $500 an acre, netting Hagmann $100. But by applying another $100 an acre of inputs and reaping 90 bushels, Hagmann said net returns triple to $300 an acre. With the cost of farming — including land — increasing, farmers need to produce higher yields and net profits, he said. Not only does producing higher yields cost more in inputs, it’s also a lot more work, including split nutrient applications, which Hagmann said are key. Risk is reduced by selecting fields with the highest yield potential, and only topping up inputs if the crop is doing well and growing conditions are good, he said. After selecting the right field, set a yield target and know how many nutrients it will take to get there. An 80-bushel canola crop removes 152 pounds of nitrogen an acre, plus 96, 160 and 86 pounds of phosphorus, potassium and sulphur, respectively, he said, quoting A Pocket Guide to 4R Nutrient Stewardship. The next step is determining the level of residual nutrients and soil moisture at seeding time. The only way to achieve high yields is through good soil health, he said. That means increasing

It’s the little things that matter when attempting to produce a 70-bushel-an-acre canola crop, says Saskatchewan farmer Florian Hagmann  PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON


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hen growing a 70-bushel-an-acre canola crop, it’s the “little things that

microbial activity, improving soil aeration, and water-holding capacity to encourage quick seedling emergence and more and bigger plant roots enhancing nutrient uptake. To avoid cold soils and possible frost, Hagmann said he seeds cereal crops first and aims to plant canola by mid-May, when soil temperatures are 10 C or above. Seeds are planted one-half to three-quarters of an inch deep in rows nine inches apart. He aims for a population of 10 plants per square foot, which is higher than what’s usually recommended. “If you demand more yield, you need more seed,” he said. He applies about two-thirds of his fertilizer with the seed and side banded at seeding time. The goal is to get nutrients as close to the seed as possible without damaging it. “You don’t try to feed a pig on the other side of the trough,” Hagmann said. If the crop is looking good, he will side band or dribble on more nutrients 40 to 50 days after seeding, which is usually around herbicide application time. Depending on the crop and growing conditions he might foliar apply nutrients later on. “I really believe in a split application later in the season,” Hagmann said. “Two or three more applications (of inputs) yeah, that’s more demanding, it’s more costly, but at the end of the day it was incredibly more profitable.” Split applications make sense even when applying less nutrients, because the crop makes better use of it, he said. Early insect, weed and disease control are important to yield too. Hagmann said his advice applies to any canola herbicide-tolerant system — Roundup Ready, Invigor, or Clearfield. Last year he used a 34-foot swather to cut his canola. “It was a struggle,” he said, adding the swaths were neck-high. He credited a high plant population and adequate levels of potassium for keeping crop lodging manageable. The combine travels slowly when harvesting a high-yielding crop like that, he said. It also requires a good straw chopper followed by a light harrowing to handle the crop residue, Hagmann said.




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Changing of the guard

China seeks to rejuvenate countryside with 2018 rural policy The official document for the first time includes ambitious long-term goals, including closing the income gap with urban China BY DOMINIQUE PATTON Reuters

New chair Renn Breitkreuz addresses the annual general meeting of the Alberta Canola Producers Commission at FarmTech. The Onoway producer succeeds Greg Sears (shown on the screen in background) while Westlock grower John Guelly steps into vice-chair role. The organization also welcomed two new directors: Andre Harpe of Valhalla Centre replaces Sears in Region 2, while Airdrie producer Ian Chitwood succeeds Steve Marshman in Region 8.   PHOTO: Michael Moskaluk, special to Alberta Farmer

“It’s important for us to connect with those who aren’t involved in ag and explain what agriculture today really looks like.” Pamela Ganske, Agvocate Ag Retailer

China wants to modernize its farm sector by 2035 to boost rural incomes and living standards, according to a government policy statement that comes amid growing concern about a widening wealth gap and slowing economy. A document outlining the new strategic plan calls for rural rejuvenation by 2020, agricultural modernization by 2035 and a “strong agriculture sector and full realization of farmers’ wealth” by 2050. China has the largest agriculture sector in the world and hundreds of millions of people work as farmers, but productivity is low because of high labour costs and the small size of the farms. The new plan aims to close the gap between urban and rural areas, eliminate poverty, and improve governance in the countryside, said Han Jun, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group, China’s top rural policy-maker. Local and provincial officials will be held accountable for realizing the strategy, he added.

“Implementing the revitalization strategy will be an important yardstick to promote relevant officials.” Han Jun

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“Implementing the revitalization strategy will be an important yardstick to promote relevant officials,” Han said. China has tried to modernize its farm sector recently to make it more efficient and better able to supply the changing tastes of a wealthier, more urban population. It has been overhauling support for grain production, abandoning state stockpiling schemes, and cutting support prices for major crops, such as wheat and rice, after years of bumper harvests saddled the government with overflowing reserves. China is also trying to shift the focus to quality rather than quantity by promoting varieties in higher demand, such as high-gluten wheat, or corn used to make silage for dairy cows. Those efforts will continue, said the document, which also called for upgrading of farm machinery, accelerating the development of modern crops and the development of digital agriculture. It also reiterated recent efforts to better protect water and soil, strengthen management of resources, and said China will deepen land reforms, allowing for more transfer of land.



Biosecurity on the radar for many crop growers Clubroot sparks worry about outsiders — whether on ATVs or oilfield trucks — coming onto farms BY ALEX BINKLEY AF contributor


arm fields should be as biosecure as a big barn — and that means preventing trespassing and knowing who’s on your land, says a Saskatchewan farm leader. The spread of plant diseases — particularly clubroot — as well as weeds means farmers are paying more attention to the issue, said Norm Hall, vice-president of the Agriculture Producers Association of Saskatchewan. “The issue has really come to a head in the last 10 years,” said Hall. “It had been lurking in the shadows out here for some time.” The big concern is that outsiders coming into a field — whether they’re hunting or working or even trespassing — could spread infected soil to another field. Hall’s organization is pushing for the Saskatchewan government to toughen and enforce trespassing laws on hunters and recreational uses.

Weekly canola crush reports discontinued The Canadian Oilseed Processors Association will stop publishing its weekly report on canola crushing. The report detailing how much canola and soybeans were crushed in Canada was closely followed by industry professionals across the country. “I’ll certainly miss them, that’s for sure,” said Ken Ball of PI Financial in Winnipeg. “We do follow those pretty closely on a weekly basis and in Canada in general we have a dramatically less amount of timely, current, pertinent information compared to what we get on the U.S. markets from the (U.S. Department of Agriculture) and other sources.” The processors’ association said crush data will still be available through Statistics Canada’s annual and monthly statistics, and that it will also release monthly updates. But that won’t be the same, said Ball. “Lots of the other information we do get is weeks or months old by the time we get it and makes it much less useful, so it’s a shame to lose that,” he said. Domestic usage reports from the Canada Grains Council are released, but the processors’ association’s weekly reports allowed him to keep a much closer tab on fluctuations in crush margins, he added. — CNS Canada

“In their current form, they’re no deterrent,” said Hall, who is also a vice-president of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture. “It would take a $10,000 fine to get the public’s attention.” Because of the spread of clubroot, growers are regularly reminded of the need to clean tillage or harvesting equipment as they switch fields and to ensure custom operators do as well. They also need to make sure pipeline and utility workers follow biosecurity practices too when they come on farmland. Manitoba farmer Les Routledge, who is trying to raise awareness of the threat to crop health from trespassers, said he started with biosecurity for his livestock. “As I learned more about risk management procedures, I also adopted biosecurity procedures on my cropland and forage land,” he said. “That action really annoyed some hunters and recreational people, but the risk of spreading crop disease to my clean land was too much risk to take.”

He noted professional crop scouts disinfect their boots between fields or use disposable booties to minimize the risk of spreading crop diseases between fields. Biosecurity “definitely is an issue” for some Alberta farmers, said Keith Gabert, an agronomist in the Canola Council of Canada’s Central Alberta South region. “I have talked to growers who come back and say, ‘There are duck hunters in my area who come back each and every year. Some of them are coming from areas that are of higher clubroot than my area,’” said Gabert. But bigger threat is from larger equipment travelling to oil leases or working on power lines and utility polls alongside fields, he said. “Most talks have been with industry or with your own equipment,” he said. “We know that not every piece of equipment or vehicle has the same risk, but it just boils down to management risk and understanding what the issue could be.” — With staff files

Unauthorized land entry by hikers and ATV enthusiasts can spread disease and pests between farm fields.  PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

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2018-01-19 1:51 PM



Pacific trade deal good news for Canadian agriculture FCC agriculture economist says there’s the potential for big benefits, but it will take time BY ASHLEY ROBINSON CNS Canada


By pulling out of the TPP the U.S. has given competitors like Canada a head start on market building.  PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

new trade deal with Asia is good news for the nation’s farmers, says Farm Credit Canada. The Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) will deliver more market access, said J.P. Gervais, the lender’s chief agriculture economist. “We can open up markets more to what we have, especially when we have big competitors like the United States that stay out of it. I think it’s a good thing,” said Gervais. Originally called the TransPacific Partnership (TPP) it once had 12 members which dropped to 11 following U.S. withdrawal


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“We can open up markets more to what we have, especially when we have big competitors like the United States that stay out of it.” J.P. Gervais

by President Donald Trump last year. The new deal was agreed to last month and is to be signed in March. Details of the deal haven’t been released yet, but it is expected to be similar to previous versions. The agreement will see tariffs reduced on Canadian pork, beef, and wheat to Japan and other markets, in some cases eliminating duties altogether. From the previous known details Gervais believes the deal will be good overall for Canadian agriculture. The pork industry is poised to benefit from the new access to Japan, which is currently one of the industry’s most important markets. “To lower (the Japan import) tax right away... that’s a pretty good benefit for us. It should make it easier for us to capture market share in Japan given that the U.S. is our biggest competitor when it comes to fresh and chilled pork exports,” he said. There are opportunities to grow exports to other Pacific countries in the deal, but Canada will have to work to cultivate relationships to convince buyers to switch to purchasing Canadian products, said Gervais. “It’s not going to happen overnight, we’re going to have to make an effort to develop those relationships,” he said. The trade agreement as well has the potential to change current trade patterns. Previously Australia (a CPTPP member) had preferential access to the Japanese market through a previous trade deal, but Canada will now receive the same access. “To me, that’s significant enough to change the trade flows,” said Gervais. “Now to what extent, it’s going to take a bit of time to get a bit of work to actually come up with some numbers. But there’s millions of dollars of exports at stake here for sure.” However, the deal has upset the dairy industry as it will allow member nations to export an amount equal to 3.24 per cent of Canada’s current annual milk production. If dairy imports from CPTPP countries reach that level, it could make for a $246-million loss annually to Canada’s dairy sector. Gervais, however, doesn’t see it as completely bad for the dairy industry. The dairy industry has grown domestically over the last few years, with cheese, butter and yogurt consumption increasing. “I think that’s a real positive story, so I am pretty confident that the dairy industry will be able to thrive despite maybe a little bit more competition coming in to Canada,” he said.



Online tools for reducing worker turnover Calculator estimates costs of replacing employees while benchmarking tool allows for comparisons by sector or province Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council release


id you know that the cost of replacing a single worker can be as much as 150 per cent of their annual salary? Do you know what your turnover costs are? ‘Turnover’ is the rate at which workers leave and are replaced on your farm, something that can have a major impact on productivity and profitability. While turnover is a natural part of business, avoiding unnecessary turnover will ensure that your business is as productive and profitable as possible. The Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council has

developed two new tools to calculate turnover costs and see how your turnover compares to the agricultural benchmarks for your province and commodity. The first tool is the Cost of Turnover Calculator, which calculates

estimated costs for employee wages and benefits, separation costs, hiring and training costs, and cost of employee ramp-up time. The second tool is the Turnover Benchmarking Tool for comparing your T:10.25 in numbers against other farms in

your province or commodity. High rates of voluntary turnover may indicate that you need to change the way you hire or manage your workforce. Both can be found at (click on the Tools link at

the top of the home page). The website also has agriculture-specific human resource tools for supporting and managing employees. Agri Skills has online and in-person training programs while the Agri HR Tool Kit offers a resource guide and templates to address the HR needs of any business. There are also tools for agricultural organizations, including briefings on labour issues that apply new research to specific commodities and provinces and to explore the labour implications within their specific area. The Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council is a national, non-profit organization focused on addressing HR issues facing agricultural businesses across Canada.

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How daring are you when it comes to chasing maximum yield? Don’t think about what to add — think about what’s possible and subtract from there, says nutrition company official By Alexis Stockford Staff / Brandon, Man.


hanging one thing at a time won’t cut it if you’re chasing the best possible yield. Instead, be radical when it comes to testing management tools, says Jarrett Chambers, president of ATP Nutrition. “We have to figure out in a grower, what is their maximum yield for their farm and figure out, what is the potential? Where are they today? — and then based off risk and their comfort, where’s the right answer?” he said at a recent Manitoba farm conference. The “comfort” aspect tempts many to default on the conservative side, which Chambers defined as changing one production tactic at a time and evaluating its impact before trying something else. Keeping all variables constant except the one being tested is a mainstay of good science. While that works in a research plot, it will only help producers perpetually behind the curve, said Chambers. New varieties and management approaches need to be looked at as they come along, he said.

“We only get, in our career, about 40 times to grow a crop,” he said. “So if you think that it takes you two to three times (to find a good practice) and then you want to replicate it to be sure — based on different conditions, different years, you want to confirm it — next thing you know, we’re seven or eight years into a 40-year career.” His company does not approach a maximum yield plan by thinking of management tools to be added, he said. Instead, the company imagines all possible tools that operation could turn to, and then considers which to remove, based on a farm’s risk profile and situation.

Four factors

What goes into max yield? Rigas Karamanos, senior agronomist for Koch Fertilizer, counts four factors — solar radiation, genetic potential, water (both available groundwater and precipitation), and soil fertility. Farmers miss out on full genetic potential without earlyseason moisture, he said, something that has producers concerned this year after the dry 2017 season and little snowfall since.

57781_1_DAS_Paradigm_2018_Preseed_EB_21-6x7-75_a1.indd 1

Farmers can’t do anything about how much the sun shines or (barring irrigation) how much rain falls. And once you pick a variety, the genetic potential is set. “What you have control of is the nutrients and that’s where the 4R nutrient principle comes into it,” Karamanos said. (The 4R strategy refers to applying at the right rate, right time, of the right type for that circumstance and in the right place.) In some seasons, like the one just passed, getting the placement right can be critical, he said. “If it’s a really dry year and you broadcast your fertilizer, that’s goofy,” Karamanos said, pointing to crops this past year that dove deep for water, therefore missing nutrients in the top inches of soil. Instead, that product should’ve been placed close to the roots or to the side and below this past season, he said. Right time, meanwhile, will be a function of crop development and weather. “You start with what your knowledge is about the soil... you put your bet (in) and you can win or you can lose,” Karamanos said. A cross-section of industry groups (including Fertilizer Canada), companies, and the International Plant Nutrition Institute

Look beyond changing one management practice at a time if chasing maximum yields, says Jarrett Chambers, president of ATP Nutrition.  Photos: Alexis Stockford

25 • February 12, 2018

have embraced 4R, arguing that it marries environmental concern with cost savings for producers. “Saying the four Rs is superficial,” said Chambers, arguing that each of the four is complex enough to fill a book. “Digging into each of those four Rs, that’s where the rubber meets the road. That’s what takes you from being part of the average yield to being the high producer.” Chambers compared crop nutrition to human diet. Food choice depends on a person’s individual needs and goals, the same as a crop, he said. There are 140 variables that might impact yield, he added.

“We only get, in our career, about 40 times to grow a crop.” Jarrett Chambers

Beyond N

But another speaker said nutrient balance needs to be a larger conversation and must move past what he describes as Prairie farmers’ “love affair with nitrogen.” “High crop yields is all about balanced fertility and it’s all the elements,” said Greg Patterson, president of A&L Canada Laboratories. “All the essential elements have to be available to the plant and in struggling with production agriculture, we have to identify what is the limiting factor and work towards that. “The poorer the fertility, the more nitrogen you need to grow the crop. As we become more balanced, we become more efficient with even nitrogen use.” More focus on phosphorus and potassium is critical and must be addressed before there’s any payoff from micronutrients, such as copper and zinc, which were cited by Chambers. “There are bigger fish to fry. Make sure they’re in place,” he said. “The biggest concern I have in production agriculture every-

Prairie farmers need to move past their “love affair with nitrogen,” says Greg Patterson, president of A&L Canada Laboratories.   where is in North America — with all the fertility knowledge we have and all the information we get from research institutions or universities — we talk about soils being the same. “They’re not the same. Sands and clays are different. We should be treating them differently. We should be fertilizing them differently, and not many people do that.” Biology adds another wrinkle, one Patterson’s company and other testing laboratories hope to bridge through bumped-up soil health and microbial respiration tests, which measure the level of biological activity in the soil.

“What we’ve seen from our research is this whole ‘balanced nutrition being able to support a plant and being able to provide the balanced fertility it needs,’ allows that plant in turn to turn around and produce the right carbon sources to feed the right selective organisms,” he said.

Long road

The average farmer has a long way to go in terms of meeting crop potential, both Patterson and Chambers said. Chambers estimates both peas and canola are sitting at about half their possible yield max. Unlocking that genetic potential features strongly in the Canola

Council of Canada’s bid to see an average of 52 bushels an acre by 2025. A good start is to do more soil testing, said Chambers, who estimated that 10 to 15 per cent of acres are being regularly sampled. “That kind of makes me feel uncomfortable,” he said. “What happens is you start developing a nutrient management plan without knowing where your baseline is.” His company commonly runs into a client with yield increases in mind, but who does not have tissue test results or soil quality data, he said. “When we look at our soils and

then we look at what we’ve put onto our soils in terms of nutrition, then the tissue test, in most cases, should not be a surprise,” Chambers said. The method helps tag nutrient deficiencies in crops that looked good, but failed to ultimately perform. “This is why we’re tissue sampling the young leaves and the older leaves and that is showing what is actually happening in the plant, because nutrients will always move to the youngest part of the plant,” he said. “If we only sample the youngest part of the plant, we don’t know what’s in the rest.” Producers will need two to four tests to make tissue sampling worthwhile, he added. The method also hits a time management problem, since the test takes three to four days to turn around, but tissue sampling is done usually just before equipment enters the field. The company advises tissue sampling at key stages, such as a week before spraying or right before flowering. Chambers and A&L Canada Laboratories are working together to address a number of issues, including a better idea on optimal seed nutrition.

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Trump could be good for Canadian agriculture, says economist Iowa economics professor says president’s anti-trade agenda will backfire and hand Canada an advantage BY ASHLEY ROBINSON CNS Canada

I Canada could benefit from Donald Trump’s chaotic approach to trade, says Dermot Hayes, an agricultural economist from Iowa State University.  PHOTO: IOWA STATE

f U.S. President Donald Trump follows his “American first” policy and pulls out of trade deals, it could spell future opportunity for the Canadian agricultural industry, says an Iowa economist. “In D.C. it’s chaotic. It’s the craziest situation I’ve ever seen, we’re shooting ourselves in the foot,” Iowa State University Dermot Hayes said at a recent farm meeting here. “I do think the U.S. is behaving so badly that it’s going to create

opportunities for Canadian agriculture.” Immediately after taking office last year, Trump pulled the U.S. out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The remaining 11 nations, including Canada, had reached a deal last month and will be signing it in March. This will give Canada a leg up on the U.S. for the foreseeable future, said Hayes. “Is it in Canada’s best interest to allow the U.S. back in (to TPP) given that it would have preferential access to Japan and Vietnam? I suspect that the damage is permanent, that the U.S. will never be able to get back into TPP,” he said.

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And it might not be the worst thing for Canadian agriculture if NAFTA talks collapse as it could lead to Canada receiving preferential access to Mexican markets. “In the commodity business you can’t pay a 20 per cent duty… if the Canadian producers are not paying a duty,” says Hayes. “Again there could be opportunities here for Canada to the detriment of U.S.” The Canadian government is taking the right approach to trade agreements, he added. “One of the things I’ve noticed is as bad as U.S. trade policy is right now Canada has actually got some rational trade policies. You’re cutting a European free trade agreement, a bilateral potential free trade agreement with Japan.” Asian demand for food products is not only growing but changing. China has become a wealthy nation and is now paying attention to things like animal welfare and the environment — it’s become a “rich country with rich country’s desires,” Hayes said.

“I do think the U.S. is behaving so badly that it’s going to create opportunities for Canadian agriculture.” Dermot Hayes

According to Hayes, China will soon begin to realize farming crops like soybeans with manual labour on its mountainous terrain isn’t productive and it should switch to growing fruit while importing other crops. This should have Canada thinking of trying to make a trade deal with China, Hayes said. “If (Canada) can get rid of those duties going into China and especially if other countries do not have that access it could revolutionize (Canada). I’ve seen it in Australia. I’ve seen it in New Zealand. When China starts to buy your product you become prosperous.” Sooner or later, Washington will realize it made a serious error by not making trade deals. “I think the U.S. will recognize eventually that not participating in these agreements is against its long-run best interest, but that’s not the case right now,” he said.


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Getting the most from tile drainage There’s no one-sizefits-all tile drainage system and producers should know the ins and outs before calling an installer

Province announces funding for ag energy projects Over the next four years, $81 million will be spent for solar systems, low-pressure irrigation, and energy efficiency upgrades Staff


There’s no doubt tile drainage can boost productivity and profitability. Just don’t assume it should look just like the neighbour’s system. Anyone eyeing the better yield prospects and earlier field access it offers must have a thorough understanding of how the subsurface pipe system works in their specific field conditions, said speakers at a recent Manitoba farm conference. Aaron Hargreaves began installing on his family’s 15,000-acre farm in 2012 following a particularly wet year. It not only took away excess water but solved a growing problem on their land, said the Manitoba farmer. “We’ve seen salinity essentially gone,” he said. “If there’s anyone who doesn’t believe it can solve salinity issues... we’ve seen it on our farm.” Higher yields from previously saturated land have made the farm more productive and profitable, justifying the investment in his eyes. “You’re looking at $40 net profit without tile, with tile $80 net profit,” he said. “You might say, ‘That’s not much money.’ But how else can you double your net profit on the farm? Buy more land, more seeders and combines and do twice as much work?’ It’s a nobrainer really.” Drainage design and pipe sizing are critical, said Todd Walker of Frontier Drainage Systems, who showed photos of clients’ fields with pronounced crop growth along tile lines. Tile gets farmers on fields earlier in spring and spray seasons, makes the soil profile more arable and can reduce peak flow surface run-off by anywhere from 20 to 40 per cent, Walker said. The seminar was held to help dispel some of the misconceptions and myths around tile drainage, including that it is an unregulated drainage practice, said a Manitoba Agriculture official. Regulation is “vigorous” in his province, and that’s another reason why producers have to become knowledgeable about drainage before calling an installer, said Mitchell Timmerman, an agri-ecosystems specialist. “We want to have knowledgeable people making knowledgeable decisions,” he said. “We’re encouraging farmers to learn as much as they can, and to have a constructive relationship with their installers and other folks like ourselves.”


he details are still being worked out, but federal cash for curbing carbon emissions is beginning to flow. Alberta’s provincial government is directing some of its share of Ottawa’s $1-billion Low Carbon Economy Fund towards the agriculture and agri-food sectors. The province says that over the next four years, $81 million will go towards four programs for farms and ag processing: installing solar pan-

els on farms; converting highpressure irrigation systems to low-pressure ones; and a pair of energy efficiency programs (one for big agri-processors, and another for small agriprocessors and farmers). “Last year, the government of Alberta provided $10 million to agriculture energy efficiency programs,” the province said in a news release. “There were nearly twice as many applicants as projects that were funded. This new funding will allow eligible projects that didn’t receive funding last year to access funds, as well as allowing new

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both energy and water use. It will cover 40 per cent of the costs (up to $4,000) for certain projects, such as variable-rate irrigation system components, and up to $15,000 for replacing a high-pressure centre pivot system with a low-pressure centre pivot one. Applications for the energy efficiency programs are being finalized and will be available at The Low Carbon Economy Fund is part of the federal Liberals’ carbon emission plan that will also require provinces to have some sort of a carbon tax by the end of the year.



applicants to apply under the expanded programs.” The On-Farm Solar Photovoltaics program offers 75 cents per watt for projects of 100 kilowatts or less, and 56 cents per watt for installations that are between 100 and 150 watts. It is now accepting applications for projects that were completed after April 15, 2017 (those initiated before that date aren’t eligible). For more info, go to www.growingforward.alberta. ca (click on ‘Programs’ and then ‘On-Farm Solar Photovoltaics’). The irrigation program aims to improve the efficiency of

© 2018 Meridian Manufacturing Inc. Registered Trademarks Used Under License. (01/2018)



Australia curbs foreign ownership of farmland, electricity grids Foreign investment has become a hot political topic Down Under in recent years BY BYRON KAYE AND COLIN PACKHAM Reuters


he Australian government plans to impose new restrictions on foreign purchases of electricity grids and agricultural land, saying the move will safeguard national security and help local companies better compete for farm sales. The changes are the latest steps by Australia to keep a tighter rein on foreign investment, a politically sensitive topic which has helped bolster populist parties in recent state elections at the expense of the state counterparts of the centre-right federal government. “The government is committed to an open foreign investment regime that strikes the right balance in managing national security risks, while promoting job opportunities and enabling economic growth,” the government said in a statement, referring to the new electricity rules. It has already ratcheted up its control over the vetting of high-profile foreign sales since 2015, when the government of

The Australian government is cracking down on foreign farmland purchases hoping to give locals equal opportunity when it comes to buying fields like these in the Western Australia Wheat Belt.  PHOTO: CREATIVE COMMONS/WILLEM VAN AKEN/CSIRO

the remote Northern Territory sparked a public outcry by selling a port to Chinese interests without seeking federal approval. The shift has frustrated foreign buyers who are no longer guaranteed of securing Australian assets even when they bid the most.

Buying back the farm

The new agricultural policy forces sellers to advertise locally for at least 30 days, ensuring that Australians have the opportunity to purchase agricultural land ahead of foreign buyers.

Foreign entities seeking to buy any major Australian asset must already apply to the Foreign Investment Review Board, which is overseen by the country’s treasurer. A government source said the new measure was designed

to stop rural land sales being privately negotiated without the land ever going to market. “We want to see a fair and transparent process. There had been some cases when some foreign companies have purchased properties that hadn’t even been on the market,” said a source familiar with the thinking of treasurer Scott Morrison. Australia introduced a register of foreign ownership of agricultural land in 2015. Its latest report showed agricultural land held by Chinese interests grew tenfold in 2017, making China the second-biggest foreign owner of farmland behind the United Kingdom. The government also cut the threshold at which foreign buyers of farmland must seek regulatory approval to A$15 million from A$252 million. Matt Dalgleish, analyst at agricultural research company Mecardo, said locals still owned the vast amount of agricultural land in Australia. “This announcement will appeal to voters who have moved their support to parties such as Pauline Hanson’s One Nation,” said Dalgleish.

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Moving freight to get more expensive for food companies Higher trucking costs for U.S. food firms cut into the benefit from lower commodity prices Reuters


.S. food companies called out rising freight costs as a reason for lower profit margins in the holiday quarter, with more pain seen in 2018 as a dearth of drivers and higher diesel prices make it even more expensive to transport products to stores. Hershey, Mondelez International, J.M. Smucker and Campbell Soup said higher transportation costs hurt profits during the quarter, preventing them from taking advantage of lower commodity prices. An increase in truck rates over the next 12 months implies a 15-18 basis point gross margin headwind for U.S. food companies on average, Bernstein analyst Alexia Howard said in a recent investment note. Recruiting and retaining truck drivers has been a lingering problem for U.S. trucking companies as they compete for qualified ones at a time of low unemployment, while striving to keep pay, a huge expense, as low as possible. Fuel costs are rising too. Diesel prices were 37 cents per gallon higher in September-December 2017 than a year ago (all figures US$). The average diesel fuel price per gallon for most of January was up 44 cents from last year. Structural labour shortages and higher fuel costs would drive truck rates up five to six per cent in the next year, Howard said. Freight typically accounts for about five per cent of costs of goods sold, or roughly three per cent of sales on average for food manufacturing companies. “Looking across the entire food value chain, the margin headwind could be as high as 50 to 70 basis points for the entire industry,” Howard said. Chocolate maker Hershey reported a 1.8 per cent fall in adjusted margins, partly hit by freight costs. Oreo maker Mondelez said margins in the quarter were flat compared with last year with cost of sales rising nearly three per cent. This comes despite prices of key ingredient cocoa falling to a fivemonth low in December. Jif peanut butter maker J.M. Smucker and soup maker Campbell warned in November that freight and truck-related issues would hit margins. The companies are yet to report results for the last quarter of the year. “Demand for overall transportation is exceeding supply in the marketplace and this makes a tough situation more difficult,” said Mark Pogharian, Hershey’s vice-president for investor relations. He added that shippers would have limited flexibility to move shipments based on truck availability and may cause overall market rates to increase further.

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Manitoba farmers ponder the effects of a soybean-canola rotation The province is fairly unique because farmers can successfully grow both crops BY ALEXIS STOCKFORD Staff

M Holly Derksen, Manitoba Agriculture field crop pathologist, runs down disease considerations for a soybean-canola rotation during Ag Days 2018.  Photo: Alexis Stockford

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anitoba farmers have jumped into soybeans in a big way, but are now being warned about the hurdles of a soybean-canola rotation before trying it in the field. Soybeans have been a growing story in Manitoba, rising over the last decade to become one of the province’s main crops with almost 2.3 million acres planted in 2017. Combined with canola, another high-value crop, prices might be enough to tempt some producers into growing the two in isola-

tion. Manitoba Agriculture pegged target soybean price at $10.50 a bushel, behind canola at $11.25, according to 2018 production cost estimates. Very few farmers have bought into the soybean-canola rotation so far, said provincial ag official Anastasia Kubinec. In fact, she said, farmers have been more likely to add soybeans into their existing wheat-canola rotation. “All three of those crops are quite easy to grow,” Kubinec said. “You don’t necessarily have to have any new equipment. I mean, (you need) a flex header, but you might have a flex cut header for your canola anyways.”

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The longer rotation may bring its own benefits, Kubinec said. Agronomists and researchers have been pushing farmers to adopt longer rotations, both for agronomic reasons and to lower resistance pressures. The three-year rotation between soybeans, canola and cereal might be a better bet in terms of yield bump, according to yield assumptions by Manitoba Agriculture. Crop insurance numbers show canola yields and spring wheat yields get a boost if planted into soybean stubble. Canola also jumps over expected yields if planted into wheat stubble and spring wheat tends to meet its expected yield when following canola. Soybean onto canola stubble, however, showed no advantage, something that might be of note for farmers looking at soybeancanola. There has been little research done on the soybean-canola rotation so far, said Holly Derksen, field crop pathologist with Manitoba Agriculture. “We’re pretty unique in Manitoba, moving into Saskatchewan and then maybe North Dakota and Minnesota where we have these two crops in common,” she said. “Other areas, it’s canola that’s the new crop, whereas here it’s soybeans that are the new crop, so we still have a steep learning curve to try and figure out what is the best option.” The researcher was able to find only two studies exploring the rotation, one in North Dakota and one out of the University of Manitoba. The North Dakota study found few significant differences when they compared yields between canola-soybean, wheat-canola and wheat-soybean rotations. In 2015, one site returned 7.5 bushels an acre more canola on plots grown after soybeans compared to those grown after wheat. The next year, the same site reported higher soybean yields after canola (55.4 bushels an acre) than wheat (50.6 bushels an acre). Other factors, like the amount of canola oil, flipped results between sites, while one site noted that soybeans were taller after wheat. But since neither crop produces much residue, organic matter could be affected over the long term in a two-crop rotation. As well, anyone using Group 2 herbicides on their soybeans might get a nasty surprise if they don’t thoroughly wash their sprayer before moving on to canola. Volunteer canola may become another serious problem, especially if growers plant Roundup Ready varieties of both crops.

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Spring fallow eyed as organic solution for a prickly problem Research out of Eastern Canada suggests that spring fallow might play a role against sow and Canadian thistle, assuming the system can be adapted in the West BY ALEXIS STOCKFORD Staff


rganic trials in Quebec hint at a better way to deal with thistle, but Western Canada’s short growing season may throw a wrench in the works. Spring fallow, along with at least two tillage passes and a lateseeded warm-season crop, has been effective against sow thistle, Canada thistle and coltsfoot in southern Quebec, said Anne Weill, a researcher at Cégep de Victoriaville, a Quebec college. Weill tested the system over five years, using spring fallow planted into soybean around mid-June and one to three destruction passes before planting. Each destruction was five to 10 centimetres deep with overlapping sweeps. Producers should plan their attack for when plant reserves are low and less likely to recover, Weill said. The system will not work if farmers wait too long to till. At the seven-leaf stage, Canada thistle stems are already becoming fibrous and flexible and will be pushed to the side rather than destroyed. “We should always do the work before they start to elongate,” Weill said, pegging the ideal destruction window at four to eight leaves. Sow thistle should also be dealt with between four to eight leaves (although some literature puts that number at three to four). Those results were borne out in 2013, Weill said. That particular trial destroyed sow thistle on June 19, the same day that soybeans were put in the ground. That field returned 3.9 sow thistle plants per square metre the following summer. With two tillage passes, one on May 9 and another June 19 before seeding, only 0.1 sow thistle plant per square metre survived. “We knew we were on to something and we concluded that only one late destruction when the sow thistle is advanced is not effective, and that was answering a question because a number of people were saying, ‘You have to destroy it when it’s blooming. This is when the reserves are (at) minimum,’ but that’s not at all what occurred,” she said. All other trials reinforced the need for multiple passes. The researcher shortened the time between destructions for another 2013 trial. The trial left the field fallow until June 22 before seeding soybean as a green manure. Destructions happened from June 17-22 on the one-pass plot and May 18 and June 17-22 in the two-plot pass. Sow thistle dropped from 65 plants per square metre to nothing on both plots when planted to corn the following year, but 27 Canada thistle plants per square metre (down from 72) survived when only one pass was done. The more rigorous treatment brought that to three. In another case, Weill took a field with 22 Canada thistle plants per square metre, put it in spring fallow, then planted it to corn (seeded May 10 on the plot with one pass, June 5 on the plot

that would see two). Both thistle and mustard dropped in the first year. By the second year, this time planted into soybeans June 12, thistle had largely, although not totally, disappeared. “With the work in May and the seeding in May, basically there were weeds and no corn, zero corn per hectare, and what was reworked in June — so one pass in May, one pass in June then seeding in June — we had nine tonnes per hectare corn. We had a crop. It was a bit immature because it was a late planting, but there was a huge difference,” she said. Bringing control up to three passes almost eliminated both Canada thistle and coltsfoot in another field in 2013. The trial brought coltsfoot from 33 per cent cover to almost nothing that year and into July 2014. The same was true for Canada thistle, with the exception of one mystery section of the field. Weill pointed to row spacing, cultivation and the importance of keeping crop competitive. Where crop was damaged by cultivation, weeds regrew the next year despite the spring fallow. “What we’ve noticed is if you do the spring fallow properly, even if you have no cultivation, but if you have a very aggressive crop, it works too,” she said, but added that cultivation is an advantage.

Canada thistle and other tough weeds could be controlled in an organic field by planting a warm-season crop a bit later and tilling twice — if the growing season supports it.  PHOTO: CREATIVE COMMONS/DANIEL X. O’NEIL

“We knew we were on to something and we concluded that only one late destruction when the sow thistle is advanced is not effective.” Anne Weill

Adding a fall plow may further help against Canada thistle, but not sow thistle, since the shovel will slice Canada thistle stem, forcing it to grow up from depth, but scoop under the more horizontal sow thistle roots, Weill said. However, those passes are too late for seeding before crop insurance deadlines and would also greatly increase fall frost risk when a crop is put in that late. Weill’s system has hit a similar wall in northern Quebec, where producers do not grow the warmseason crops used elsewhere. Cool-season crops like wheat have not worked, she said, since the spring fallow uses too much early-season time. So far, Weill has landed on green manure as a possible solution. The spring fallow could be followed by a late-seeded mix, which could then be terminated as needed. While effective in controlling thistles, Weill pointed out that green manure takes a field out of production for a year.

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Canola biodiesel processor in receivership

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An eastern Saskatchewan biodiesel processor of heated, green, and other off-spec canola for feedstock is in receivership. ATB had called in a debt of nearly $500,000 owed by Milligan Biofuels, located at Foam Lake, about 90 kilometres northwest of Yorkton. In the 1990s, Milligan worked with researchers to develop a “cold-crushing” system for biodiesel extraction from low-quality canola. It later opened Western Canada’s first commercial-scale biodiesel plant, with capacity to produce 10 million litres of fuel per year from up to 30,000 tonnes of canola. A 2011 expansion doubled capacity. — Staff

Researchers at the faculty of veterinary medicine at the University of Calgary and the Western College of Veterinary Medicine are evaluating tissues from cats to help understand two common conditions: feline obesity and diabetes. The loss of a pet is an extremely difficult time for pet owners. Tissue and organ donation is a commonly accepted practice in people. However, it is not widely known that tissue donation from pets is an option for owners saying goodbye to their pets. For more information contact Chantal McMillan or Elizabeth Snead — UCVM

Do-good meat: Are investors HEARTLAND only after their pound of flesh? Are those promoting meat alternatives just talking up their own investments or are they truly altruists? Thomson Reuters Foundation

“There are many issues that impact upon climate change, but few as negatively as livestock.”


hat do Bill Gates, Richard Branson, and Leonardo DiCaprio all have in common? Aside from vast wealth and fame, all three are backing “altmeat” — a fake meat they say has all the taste but none of the climate problems that come with traditional cattle farming. “If you’re able to create a product that tastes, smells, feels, looks and costs the same as ground beef, yet is made from plantbased materials, it’s a very large market,” said venture capitalist Samir Kaul. Kaul is a partner at Khosla Ventures, which along with Microsoft founder Gates, has invested millions of dollars in Impossible Foods, which produces the Impossible Burger. Impossible because it is not meat, but part of a growing market in products that — unlike bean or Quorn burgers — simulate meat rather than just replace it with a veggie option. The meat substitutes market will be worth nearly US$6 billion by 2022, according to research firm Markets and Markets. But industry analysts are cautious about the potential. The United States is a nation of meat eaters — 98 per cent eat it at least once a week, according to Darren Seifer, a food consumption analyst for market research group NPD. “For success in the food industry you have to be patient. What we eat and drink is culturally

Richard Branson

Memphis Meats says its meatless burger is indistinguishable from a meat-based product, making it a formidable competitor to the animal protein industry.   PHOTO: MEMPHIS MEATS based and very habitual. It might take as long as a decade to see if there is any moving the needle,” said Seifer.

From tea to fish

Actor DiCaprio has previously invested in tea that provides an income to Indigenous Amazonian families and in a farmed fish company, citing overfishing and collapsing marine ecosystems. Gates also has previously invested with the environment in mind; he put money into Breakthrough Energy Ventures, a $1-billion-plus fund to finance emerging energy research to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions to near zero. There are a handful of international companies like Impossible producing meat that does not involve animals being killed,

deforestation or significant production of greenhouse gases. Impossible says its burger creates 87 per cent less greenhouse gas emissions than a meat equivalent. About 80 per cent of all agricultural land is dedicated to grazing or growing feed for animals, the United Nations says. Critics say the livestock industry consumes 10 per cent of the world’s fresh water, while generating methane and other planet-warming emissions, and causing large-scale deforestation. In December, Beyond Meat, whose products look like meat but are made of plants, announced it had received investment of $55 million from two investors with decidedly meaty credentials. Tyson Foods, which produces a fifth of all animals eaten in the United States, was one; the other was Cleveland Avenue, a venture capital firm run by the former McDonald’s Corp. CEO Don Thompson. “There are many issues that impact upon climate change, but

few as negatively as livestock,” Richard Branson wrote in a blog post explaining why he had put his money into Memphis Meats, which is growing meat from animal cells in laboratories. In the same blog, the Virgin boss revealed he had given up beef because of rainforest degradation. Gates too has expressed concern for the environment in a blog post entitled: ‘Is there enough meat for everyone?’ “How can we make enough meat without destroying the planet? — One solution would be to ask the biggest carnivores (Americans and others) to cut back, by as much as half,” he wrote.

Meaty investment

The two biggest players that have gone to market in the United States — Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods — have now seen investment of more than US$300 million. However, some people are not convinced the environment is their motivation.

! ay d. tod ite ter lim gis is Re ting a Se

If it weren’t for the messages from some of the leaders I connected with, I wouldn’t have this clear vision nor the motivation to go after it. I can’t thank you enough for that. – Jen C., AWC Delegate

“Venture capitalists have pinpointed a growth area and the only thing they are looking for is a return,” said Simeon Van der Molen of Moving Mountains, a plant-based burger company based in Britain. A vegan, who has sold ecofriendly cleaning products for 17 years, he will launch his own plant-based burger next month, effectively going into competition with the venture capitalists. “For me, venture capitalists are only after their pound of flesh,” he said. He is aiming to keep the company independent. While motives might be questioned, there is no disagreement over the growing interest. Market research company Mintel saw a 257 per cent rise in new products labelled as vegan friendly between 2011 and 2016. In less than a year, the Impossible Burger (made of wheat, coconut and potato) has gone from being available in 11 restaurants to 500 in the United States. That’s still a tiny fraction of the current market — nine billion servings of burgers were ordered at restaurants and food outlets in 2014, according to U.S. market research group NPD. Beyond Meat, which makes chicken and sausages as well as burgers from pea protein, sells into 19,000 U.S. stores. Van der Molen says his target consumers will be flexitarians — people who eat meatless meals once a week or more. “There are 500,000 vegans in the U.K. and 22 million flexitarians. What we want to do is get carnivores to make that conversion,” Van der Molen said.

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Not all omega-3s are equal, new Canadian study finds It turns out the source of these healthy fatty acids is important in cancer prevention STAFF ish or flax? That’s the question researchers from the University of Guelph have been trying to answer when looking at the cancer-prevention qualities of various sources of omega-3 fatty acids. So far fish is coming out on top, said David Ma, a professor of human health and nutritional sciences. His work has shown the marine-based sources are eight times better at inhibiting tumour development and growth. “This study is the first to compare the cancer-fighting potency of plant- versus marine-derived omega-3s on breast tumour development,” Ma said.


Recent research says fish, like these chinook salmon, may be the better source of omega-3 fatty acids.   PHOTO: CREATIVE COMMONS/Zureks

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“The mice were exposed to the different omega3s even before tumours developed, which allowed us to compare how effective the fatty acids are at prevention.” David Ma

There are three types of omega-3 fatty acids: a-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). ALA is plant based and found in such edible seeds as flaxseed and in oils, such as soy, canola and hemp oil. EPA and DHA are found in marine life. The study involved feeding the different types of omega-3s to mice with a highly aggressive form of human breast cancer called HER-2. HER-2 affects 25 per cent of women and has a poor prognosis. Mice were exposed to either the plant-based or the marine-based omega-3s, beginning in utero. “The mice were exposed to the different omega-3s even before tumours developed, which allowed us to compare how effective the fatty acids are at prevention,” said Ma. Ma found overall exposure to marine-based omega-3s reduced the size of the tumours by 60 to 70 per cent and the number of tumours by 30 per cent. However, far higher doses of the plant-based fatty acid were required to deliver the same impact.

Auto supplier moves into sensor technology for farming Germany’s Robert Bosch, the world’s biggest automotive supplier, is betting on farming technology to boost profit this year. The Stuttgart-based company said it introduced new smart farming solutions last year, including sensorbased technologies to help farmers cultivate asparagus and strawberries, manage cattle or even to farm oysters. “The digital agriculture market is expected to grow more than 70 per cent by 2020,” Bosch said in a statement. Bosch builds sensors to help farmers measure growth and calibrate fertilizer and pesticide use. It has products to allow ranchers to monitor weight gain in cattle. — Reuters



Scientists want to understand behaviour of invasive weeds Why are certain plants able to enter a new ecosystem and run riot? STAFF


s it possible to predict which non-native plant species will become invasive weeds and when? The answer is “hopefully yes,” according to a new study. Researchers say invasive species generally follow a three-phase development curve — from lag to expansion to plateau. The length and rapidity of the expansion phase varies and determines how aggressively a plant spreads. “Understanding the source of this variation can help us predict which non-native species become invasive,” said Pedro Antunes, co-author of a recent paper with Brandon Schamp, both of Algoma University in Sudbury. “The key is to take a best practices-based approach to gathering

B.C. MP named NDP agriculture critic STAFF

The federal New Democrats have picked a rookie MP and smallfarm owner from southern Vancouver Island’s Cowichan Valley as their new lead critic for agriculture. NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh named Alistair MacGregor to replace Quebec MP Ruth Ellen Brosseau, who was promoted to the party’s House leader in the Commons. MacGregor, first elected in 2015, has previously worked as a constituency staffer for an NDP MP, a tree planter, and on the board member of the Cowichan Green Community Society, an organization focused on food security. MacGregor and his family own a “small farming property” in the Cowichan Valley, which he said, “we are working hard to bring into production with the planting of fruits, nuts and vegetables, and the raising of sheep, chickens, ducks and turkeys.” — Staff

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and comparing data about past invaders.” It turns out the information to track these invasions is out there, it’s just a matter of finding it and making sure it’s adequate. The starting point is records collected by universities, museums and governments, some dating back to the 1700s. Researchers then verify their accuracy and confirm the origin and biological classification of the plants, creating a ‘family tree’ that links it to other plants. Researchers then systematically collect new data annually using 10 square kilometre quadrants to evaluate the abundance of non-native plants and compare the “invasion curve” to determine what traits make plants aggressively grow and expand. “As our knowledge increases, we can make better-informed predic-

“As our knowledge increases, we can make better-informed predictions about the likelihood of particular species becoming invasive...” Pedro Antunes

tions about the likelihood of particular species becoming invasive and the timeline they will travel as they do so,” Antunes said.

Kudzu, or Japanese arrowroot, is an invasive vine that climbs and encases anything it encounters, including native vegetation like these trees in Mississippi. It’s sometimes called ‘the vine that ate the South.’  PHOTO: CREATIVE COMMONS/GALEN PARKS SMITH

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Ocean Spray to buy Quebec cranberry processor Atoka Cranberries to become part of berry co-operative STAFF


uebec cranberry processor Atoka Cranberries is set to become an arm of the U.S.based cranberry grower co-op Ocean Spray. Massachussetts-based Ocean Spray said it’s buying the Atoka processing plant at Manseau, Que., about 70 kilometres east of Trois-Rivieres, along with the Atoka brand from berry producer Canneberges Bieler. Financial terms of the deal, expected to close “in the coming weeks,” weren’t disclosed. Ocean Spray, which makes and markets cranberry juices, juice drinks and dried cranberries, also plans to buy Bieler’s freezer and receiving facilities “in the coming year,” and to make “additional capital investments in these facilities to further increase efficiency and improve yield.” Bieler is to continue its cranberry-growing operations, Ocean Spray said, and will become a “farmer-owner” in the co-operative, which has about 700 members in three countries. Its Canadian cranberry-growing members are based in Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. It recently set up a 125-acre co-operativeowned farm at Rogersville, N.B.

On its website, the co-op noted Quebec’s cranberry industry has seen “stunning” expansion.

undergone seven more expansion phases, today including five production lines, three freezer units and a laboratory, and employing about 130 people. Atoka employees will become part of Ocean Spray’s manufacturing network, the co-op said. That network also includes manufacturing plants in Massachusetts, Wisconsin and Washington and at Lanco in southern Chile, plus beverage plants in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Texas and Nevada. “The employees of Atoka and Ocean Spray share a similar culture of quality and customer focus, as well as a unique dedication to increasing demand for cranberries,” Bieler CEO Marc Bieler said in Ocean Spray’s release.

Cranberry production and processing has seen “stunning” expansion.  PHOTO:

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The co-operative said the deal “will expand Ocean Spray’s manufacturing footprint in Quebec, the second-largest and fastest-growing cranberry-farming region in the world.” On its website, the co-op noted Quebec’s cranberry industry has seen “stunning” expansion, having become the world’s secondbiggest cranberry-growing region as of 2014, compared to just three growers on 264 acres in 1992. According to Atoka, Quebec’s production in 2012 represented about 20 per cent of the world’s total cranberry output, behind Wisconsin at about 40 per cent that year. “Ocean Spray’s brand strength and global marketing reach, coupled with Atoka’s unique product portfolio and location, will benefit all of our farmers and expand the reach of the overall Quebec cranberry industry,” co-op CEO Randy Papadellis said in a release. The deal for Atoka, he noted, comes “exactly 60 years after Quebec growers first joined the Ocean Spray co-operative in 1958.” Atoka began building its processing plant in 1988, four years after Bieler began growing cranberries in the Centre-du-Quebec region. Since then, Atoka said on its website, its processing business expanded into marketing and packaging and its plant has

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Rising diesel could surge with U.S. infrastructure plan Prices are already up sharply this year and could up another 10 cents a litre, says analyst By Dave Sims CNS Canada

D   PHOTO: Dave Bedard

iesel costs in Western Canada are roughly eight to 10 cents higher on average than any time in 2017, and an industry expert warns that gap could grow even more with a potential surge of U.S. construction. “I think we’re already seeing more evidence of a robust, consumption-driven U.S. as more disposable income is being sprinkled around,” said Dan

McTeague of U.S. tax breaks and growing factory orders indicate more construction is likely on the way, he said. In his recent state of the union address, U.S. President Donald Trump spoke at length about his desire to push through a US$1.5trillion plan to rebuild much of the country’s infrastructure and put people to work. If that plan is voted through by Congress it undoubtedly would result in more diesel being used in the coming years. “In that scenario I think we will continue to see upward pressure on diesel prices,” and an additional rise of 10 cents a litre could be felt, said McTeague. A rise is expected despite Canada increasing its diesel supply last fall with the opening of the North West Redwater refining facility at Sturgeon Lake, Alta. The $9.3-billion refinery is designed to upgrade 50,000 barrels of bitumen per day into 40,250 barrels of ultra-low sulphur diesel.

“Strong economies beget a strong price for diesel.”

Dan McTeague

There are additional factors supporting the diesel market, McTeague said, noting this winter’s colder temperatures, strength in the mining sector as well as growing economies in Europe and Asia. Meanwhile, disruptions caused to the energy supply by last summer’s hurricanes in the southern U.S. are over. However, “strong economies beget a strong price for diesel,” he said. Going forward, he expects the bulk of the rise in diesel to be felt over the first half of 2018 before the market cools down. “The last half of 2018 will be moderate but higher than last year,” he said. The export picture in both Canada and the U.S. remains strong. “Diesel will find its mojo going forward,” he said.

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Will this be on the test?

U.S. pig producers in hog heaven as profits soar Demand for pork at home and abroad is strong while cheap feed is fattening the bottom line BY THEOPOLIS WATERS Reuters

Attendees furiously taking notes is a common sight at FarmTech, including at this session on soil health practices given by USDA conservation specialist Jay Fuhrer. He was one of nearly 50 presenters at the annual conference. FarmTech consistently sells out, with 2,000 people taking in this year’s event.  PHOTO: Michael Moskaluk, special to Alberta Farmer

Farmers in Iowa, where a third of U.S. hogs are raised, have ratcheted up swine barn construction while capitalizing on low-cost feed and thriving U.S. pork exports. “The main factors for increased pork investment in buildings are attractive feed costs and very strong exports,” said Gregg Hora, a hog farmer in Fort Dodge, Iowa. Hora is not adding space to his swine farms, but said others are doing so given the annual U.S. hog herd growth of three to four per cent, tied to robust global demand for pork.

“The main factors for increased pork investment in buildings are attractive feed costs and very strong exports.” Gregg Hora


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More than 450 new hog barns capable of holding more than 1,250 head were approved last year. The U.S. hog herd reached an all-time high 73.2 million head while corn prices are hovering around US$3.50 per bushel — less than half of what they were in 2012. Meanwhile, U.S. pork exports from January through November of 2017 were on pace for a new volume record at 2.23 million tonnes valued at $5.9 billion. Hog farmer profit improved after new packing plants sprang up in the U.S. last year, with slaughter capacity rising eight per cent. “A solid hog market coupled with low-cost feed have allowed producers to make money while chasing this capacity,” said John Nalivka, president of Oregonbased Sterling Marketing. He calculated that farmers last year on average made about $21 per head on hogs sold to packers versus $5 the year before. Shoppers are embracing plentiful budget-friendly pork chops and bacon, with robust demand expected this year thanks to the booming U.S. economy.

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Latin America figuring out how to hold on to its farmers Young people don’t want to stay on backwards farms where technology is poor and living is hard By Sophie Hares


Thomson Reuters Foundation/ TEPIC, Mexico

atin American agriculture needs to become more technologically savvy and be rebranded as a source of future jobs, in a bid to improve the lives of small-scale farmers and stop the drift towards cities, a senior agricultural official said. Combining smart technology with ancient methods may also help ease climate change effects, which are set to worsen the risks facing the region’s poorest farmers, said the head of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture. “Agriculture and rural areas sometimes get a bad press... we have to communicate a new vision and revitalize agriculture as a dynamic sector,” said Manuel Otero, who

recently took over as director general of the agency that helps governments across the Americas develop farm policy and manage rural development. “Independent of the contribution of agriculture to GDP, it is a strategic sector — food security and global environmental sustainability depend on it,” he said. Among the “mosaic” of countries in the region, a stark contrast persists between major food exporters such as Chile and Argentina and those where many struggle to produce enough food. The last hurricane season showed how vulnerable Caribbean islands such as Dominica are to extreme weather exacerbated by climate change, while farmers in Central America’s “dry corridor” are at risk from worsening droughts, said Otero.

Rural poverty and limited access more people, as climate change to land have fuelled migration to increases extreme weather and Latin America cities, now home to brings more crop infestations and 80 per cent of people in the region, disease, he added. as well as north to the United “Before, the only objective was States. to maximize economic benefits, Family farmers are the “back- but now we maybe have to give bone” of Latin America’s agricul- up some of the economic benefits ture, and need support to help to try to be more respectful to the them work co-operatively and environment,” he said. adopt technologies that can process their crops into higher-value Hungry World products, said Otero, a vet from The UN Food and Agriculture Organization says a 50 per cent Argentina. Smarter use of technology would jump in global agricultural proenable farmers to intensify pro- duction is needed to support a production to meet increasing food jected world population of nearly demand from growing popula- 10 billion people by 2050. In the world’s most unequal contions without expanding farmland and causing greater environmen- tinent, where large swathes of land belong to industrial farms, plantatal damage, he said. Reducing the amount of food tions and ranches, barriers to landownership make the poorest farmwasted on the journey from field T:8.125” to plate would also help feed ers more vulnerable, Otero said.

Farmers renting parcels of land for short periods also have little incentive to protect the local environment, he said. Ancestral techniques such as terracing to prevent soil erosion and drip irrigation to maximize scarce water supplies could be combined with technological solutions to make agriculture more resilient to a changing climate, noted Otero. Switching agricultural chemicals for microbial alternatives could also reduce soil degradation, he said, underlining the need to integrate forest management better with crop and livestock farming. “There is a new equilibrium in agriculture that necessarily has to be in better harmony with nature so that we can maintain and hopefully increase high yields but above all, preserve natural resources for future generations,” he said.

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Nutrien, the Canadian fertilizer and farm supply dealer created from the merger of Agrium and PotashCorp this year, said it expected demand growth for potash in China and India to cool down in 2018. Nutrien, the world’s biggest fertilizer company by capacity, also said higher input costs would shrink nitrogen and phosphate margins. The company, reporting its first results since the merger, said it expects full-year earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization of $3.2 billion to $3.7 billion, and earnings per share of between $2.10 and $2.60 (all figures US$). CEO Chuck Magro said that following the merger, the company quickly achieved $40 million in synergies and is “focused on capturing half a billion dollars” in annual merger synergies by the end of 2019. The acquisition of Brazil’s Agrichem in January would help Nutrien gain foothold in the country, which is seen as a driver of crop prices in the coming months. Nutrien said fourth-quarter net earnings for Agrium fell to $18 million, or 13 cents per share, from $67 million, or 49 cents per share, a year earlier. PotashCorp reported a net loss from continuing operations of $120 million, or 14 cents per share, from a profit of $13 million, or two cents per share, a year earlier. Agrium’s total sales rose 9.5 per cent to $2.45 billion, while PotashCorp’s sales were up two per cent at $1.08 billion.



Are soil erosion lessons learned in the Dirty ’30s being forgotten? The dust-covered snow of this winter suggests there’s a soil erosion problem brewing BY ALLAN DAWSON Staff/Winnipeg


isappearing shelterbelts and blackened fields have some wondering if the soil conservation lessons learned during the ‘Dirty ’30s’ dust bowl are being forgotten. “From the edge of Fargo to the edge of Winnipeg I did not see one flake of white snow on my way up yesterday (Jan. 31),” Daryl Ritchison, interim director of the North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network at North Dakota State University, said at a soil science meeting in Winnipeg earlier this month. “It was all greyscale.” The little bit of snow in the ditches was covered by soil blown from fields. “There is a risk that we are forgetting some of the lessons of the 1930s,” Jim Tokarchuk, executive director of the Soil Conservation Council of Canada, told the meeting. “I think anecdotally we are all seeing changes in how we are treating land. There is less covering. I see that. I drive across the Prairies four or five times a year. There’s more tillage for some reason.” In an interview, Tokarchuk warned against complacency. “Let’s make sure we use the lessons of the past,” he said. More research is needed on why there’s more tillage and the economic and agronomic impact, he said.

Important challenge

With the world’s population projected to double to nine billion by 2050, the demand for food will increase, putting even more pressure on fragile soils. Presumably shelterbelts are being removed because they are dead or dying, and to make fields more accessible for larger equipment. And some farmers may be working their land more in order to get warmer soils earlier in the spring or to help dry out wet soils for faster seeding. The 1930s drought across the central plains of North America, including the Canadian Prairies, was severe, but it was a rare event, University of Manitoba soil scientist David Lobb said in an interview. Nothing as extreme has occurred since. However, some might make the case that since devastating dust storms haven’t returned even though there have been drier years than in the 1930s, soil conservation practices, such as reduced and zero tillage and permanent cover on the most vulnerable land, are working. While dirty snow looks bad, more soil is eroded by tillage and water than wind, said Lobb. “In-field investigations, and out-field investigations, suggest the levels (of soil blown out of fields) predicted are extraordinarily exaggerated,” he said. Lobb’s research in Manitoba found most of the soil eroded from

Daryl Ritchison, interim director of the North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network, shared stories of people who lived through the 1930s dust bowl during the Manitoba Soil Science Society’s recent annual meeting in Winnipeg.  PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON knolls is caused by tillage and the most of that soil is still in lower parts of the same field. Returning that soil to hilltops can be an economical way for farmers to improve soil health, he said. But conservation tillage is just the start of improving soil productivity by reducing further erosion, Lobb said. Improving soil productivity requires increasing organic matter, which takes decades and longer, he added.

Dust-covered snow suggests there may be a looming soil erosion problem on the Prairies due to increased tillage and disappearing shelterbelts.  PHOTO: LORRAINE STEVENSON

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Several years ago, Ritchison interviewed 15 people in North Dakota who lived through the dust bowl. He was told many thought it was the end of the world. “In this group (of people who lived through it) I would not get anybody arguing with me that... what happened (in the U.S.) was the worst man-made ecological disaster in the country,” Ritchison said. “I think it’s really hard to argue against that. “They were trying to keep the dust out because literally hundreds and hundreds of people on the plains died from dust pneumonia. Very young people died, very old people died.” When Ritchison asked one elderly man what he recalled about the 1930s, the first thing he said was that his father had said the disc was the worst invention ever. The plow was cursed, too, for quickly drying out the turned-over soil. There was so little rain that very little grew except tumbleweeds — Russian thistle and kochia. They would pile up against fencelines, and then catch the blowing soil to create snow-like soil drifts. During severe dust storms it was so dark people lit lamps in the daytime to see. On July 6, 1936, Mrs. R.S. Armstrong, a North Dakota COOP (weather) observer reported the temperature hit 121 F in Steele, N.D., setting a record. “Hot winds. Leaves and shrubbery cooked,” she reported.




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Snirt — snow covered in soil blown from fields, along PR 240 northwest of Miami, Man., Jan. 31.  PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON 57790_1 DAS_Rexade_Perform_EB_G4A_13-1667x9.indd 1

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U.S. food distributors allege Tyson Foods, rivals fixed chicken prices A lawsuit alleges chicken processors illegally conspired to inflate poultry prices BY TOM POLANSEK

“This is a case about how a group of America’s chicken producers reached illegal agreements and restrained trade.”



op U.S. food distributors Sysco and US Foods have joined retailer Winn-Dixie Stores and other poultry buyers suing the country’s biggest chicken processors for allegedly conspiring to inflate prices. The distributors sued companies including Tyson Foods, Pilgrim’s Pride, Sanderson Farms and Perdue Farms in separate complaints filed in Federal Court in Illinois late last month. The U.S. chicken sector, which is dominated by these large meat processors, has come under increased scrutiny in recent years as customers and farmers have alleged antitrust violations relating to pricing, production and compensation. “This is a case about how a group of America’s chicken producers reached illegal agreements and restrained trade,” the lawsuits from Sysco and US Foods said. Tyson, the biggest U.S. chicken company, and Pilgrim’s Pride

Sysco and US Foods

Food distributors are alleging top U.S. chicken processors are illegally conspiring to raise chicken prices.   PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

denied the allegations and Sanderson Farms said it will defend itself against the claims. Privately held Perdue declined to comment. U.S. poultry buyers previously claimed in a 2016 lawsuit that Tyson and its competitors had colluded since 2008 to reduce output and manipulate prices.

“We expect the industry to fight the allegations and come out successful,” Mizuho analyst Jeremy Scott said. Sysco and US Foods allege processors curbed the supply of chickens by colluding to limit breeder birds that produce flocks that are ultimately



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slaughtered for meat consumption. Data provider Agri Stats participated in the conspiracy, according to the lawsuits, by distributing information about chicken production that gave processors insights into rivals’ supplies. Agri Stats, which the complainants say

is a subsidiary of Eli Lilly & Co., did not immediately respond to a request for comment. “Follow-on complaints like these are common in antitrust litigation,” Tyson spokesman Gary Mickelson said. “Such complaints do not change our position that the claims are unfounded.” Last year, such processors earned some of their highest profit margins in more than a decade as prices for grains used to feed birds slumped due to a global glut.

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A red squirrel patiently waits for a bird feeder to be filled, on a ranch near Millarville.  Photo: Wendy Dudley



Bayer offers asset sales for EU approval of Monsanto deal EU extends deadline to conclude antitrust review of controversial merger plan Reuters/Brussels/ Frankfurt



Here’s to the

FARMER “My family started working this land in 1891. Today, I’m proud to continue our farming tradition with my dad, brother and sister. Our farm is part of a great industry, and I want the world to know it. My name is Katelyn Duncan and I grow lentils, canola and durum.” From all of us at FCC, thanks for making Canadian agriculture so amazing.



ayer has offered to sell seeds and pesticides businesses to try to address EU competition concerns over its US$63.5billion bid for U.S. rival Monsanto. The proposed remedies “are very significant and we are confident they fully address the European Commission’s concerns,” the German company said in a statement. The European Commission extended the deadline for its decision on the deal to April 5 from March 12. Bayer said it was still aiming to wrap up the deal “in early 2018.” Both the EU competition enforcer and Bayer declined to say what assets Bayer had offered to put on the block. The offer includes assets to be sold to BASF as well as divestments

of vegetable seeds business in some EU countries, a person familiar with the matter said. “This is a very diverse package. It is not just about divesting assets,” the person said, declining to provide details. Depending on the feedback from third parties, it is possible the package could be adjusted, the source said. The commission is expected to seek comment from industry rivals and customers in the coming days. Bayer struck a deal with BASF in October last year to sell seed and herbicide businesses for 5.9 billion euros (C$9.03 billion) but has said it is prepared to do more to gain EU approval. The Monsanto deal has triggered opposition from some farmers and environmentalists who have sent more than 50,000 petition emails and more than 5,000 letters to the commission.

Dr. Oetker to shut New Brunswick pizza plant The plant’s production will move to Ontario and New Jersey STAFF

In a bid to “restructure” its Canadian frozen pizza business, Dr. Oetker plans to shut its New Brunswick processing plant at the end of May. The German food firm recently announced it will close the former McCain Foods frozen pizza plant it leases and operates at Grand Falls, about 180 km northwest of Fredericton. The company said about 70 per cent of the pizza production from Grand Falls will be moved to a production plant it owns at London, Ont. The remainder of the production will go to another former McCain plant Dr. Oetker runs at Lodi, N.J., just west of Hackensack. “There is nothing our Grand Falls employees could have done differently,” Dr. Oetker executive vice-president Cecile Van Zandijcke said in a release. “Food manufacturers have been facing severe economic pressures over the last few years and today’s market has become ultra-competitive.” The Grand Falls and Lodi operations came to Dr. Oetker in 2014 when it bought McCain’s North American frozen pizza business and a two-year licence for the use of the McCain brand name in Canada. McCain had built and opened the Grand Falls plant to enter the frozen pizza business in 1976, and expanded the plant in 2004. Dr. Oetker, which makes the Ristorante, Casa di Mama, Giuseppe and Tradizionale pizza brands, put up $113 million to set up the new London pizza plant and warehousing operation in 2014. The company, whose Canadian businesses also include Dr. Oetker baking ingredients and dessert mixes and Shirriff puddings and pie fillings, had previously shipped its frozen pizzas to North America from overseas at a rate of 75,000 pizzas per day.




German farm-in-a-box company wants to feed cities Company makes miniature urban farms that can be set up in your dining room By Eric Auchard Reuters/FRANKFURT


erlin-based urban farming startup Infarm has raised $25 million to expand its indoor growing system — a soilless technology better known for furtively growing marijuana — into major supermarket chains and restaurants across Europe. The company, founded by three Israeli filmmakersturned-entrepreneurs, plans to use the funds to roll out mini, in-store farms with Edeka, Germany’s largest supermarket chain. It is also working with Metro, the country’s No. 2 grocer. Infarm wants to help cities become self-sufficient in food production, lowering farming’s environmental footprint. A single, two-square-metre unit can be located in stores or dining rooms, or the same units can be chained together in central distribution centres to grow hundreds of different varieties of plants, each with its own microclimate. “We decided it would be more effective to distribute the farms themselves and farm directly where people live and eat,” co-founder and chief executive Erez Galonska said. Industrial-scale U.S. rivals claim to be removing waste from long-distance agricultural supply chains, while Infarm is trying to break down the need for a supply chain itself, said Osnat Michaeli, another cofounder and Infarm’s chief marketing officer.

prices at or below that of plastic-packaged herbs. “We have replaced 15 grams of herbs in plastic boxes with living plants priced around 1.50 euros,” said Michaeli. “It’s the same type, similar price, but it’s alive.” The new round of investment was led by Balderton Capital, one of Europe’s top early-stage venture investors, and joined by debt-financing firm Triple Point Capital and Mons Investments. The company plans to invest further in its Berlin-based urban farm and research lab to expand its product catalogue beyond some 200 herbs currently to include tomatoes, chilies, mushrooms, fruits and flowering vegetables, the company said.

An employee of the urban farming startup Infarm checks an indoor growing system at the company’s showroom in Berlin earlier this month.   photo: REUTERS/Hannibal Hanschke

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“We decided it would be more effective to distribute the farms themselves and farm directly where people live and eat.” Erez Galonska co-founder and chief executive

Plenty Inc of South San Francisco, which operates vast indoor fields growing fruit, vegetables and herbs, raised $200 million in a 2017 round led by Softbank Vision Fund, marking the largest-ever agricultural tech venture funding. Infarm said it will have 1,000 miniature urban farms operating across Europe by the middle of next year, starting with locations in Paris, London, Copenhagen and additional German cities by the end of 2018. The compact plant growing system sits on stacked shelves, using hydroponics — a way of growing plants without soil — in a climate and LED-lighting controlled glass case. It grows everyday and exotic herbs like small-leaf Greek basil or Peruvian mint and leafy greens which customers are selling for

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Community news and events from across the province

what’s There’s no right way to up be a woman on the farm

Send agriculture-related meeting and event announcements to:



illi J. Miller has never been a traditional ‘farmwife’ — whatever that means any-

way. And that’s just fine by her. “The term ‘farmwife’ has changed so much,” said the Lloydminsterarea author. “I don’t fit into that box. And there’s comfort in knowing that there are other women like you.” In 2016, Miller published her first book — Farmwives in Profile, which chronicled the lives of 17 ‘traditional’ farmwives from the Lloydminster area. Through in-depth questions, candid photos, and Prairies recipes, Miller celebrated the unsung heroes of the family farm — the women working behind the scenes to keep the family and home running smoothly. But times have changed. Families and farms look very different now than they did when these women were forging their way in the world. And the role of farmwife has changed along with it. “When I came into this, I was surrounded by very traditional women,” said Miller, a city girl who married a fourth-generation farm boy a decade ago. “But I had a feeling in my gut that if I was going to do this and be the happiest wife and mom that I could be, I would have to make my life my own.” So in her second book, Farmwives 2, Miller opened up the conversation to the new generation of farmwives — 25 women from across the country who are doing things a little differently than earlier generations. Some women in the book embraced the term ‘farmwife’ and still fill ‘traditional’ roles on the farm,

Lloydminster-area author Billi J. Miller is celebrating the up-and-coming generation of farmwives in her new book, Farmwives 2.  PHOTOs: Supplied taking on the majority of the housework, cooking, and child rearing. Others balked at the term, preferring instead to emphasize their work in the field or with livestock or away from the farm altogether. But for each of these women, that choice has been their own. “One of the farmwives from my first book told me, ‘Fifty years ago, you just did what the person who came before you did. You didn’t think anything more about it,’” said Miller. “Because of all the hard work women of past generations have done, we do now have more choices.” Even so, “women are women,” and that hasn’t changed much from one generation to the next. “Everything that those women (in the past) did for their families, these women do for their own families — but in their own way,” she said. “Every one of these women puts their families first and their farms first. It’s just the way they go about it that’s different.”

And those differences are celebrated in Miller’s latest book. “Families are going to do things differently, and I wanted to share those different stories so we could all draw from that wisdom,” she said. “There’s camaraderie in knowing there’s lots of different ways to skin a cat.” Miller hopes her new book will help farm women feel less alone in their roles, whatever those roles may be. Farm life can be overwhelming, exhausting, and isolating for women, she said, and there aren’t a lot of resources out there for those trying to navigate life on the farm. In addition to sharing funny anecdotes and recipes, Miller’s interview subjects included their advice on self-care, their worries about farm transitions, and their thoughts on how to keep a marriage strong. “I don’t want farms to fail because of traditional pressures on modern families,” said Miller. “I want women to feel inspired to make

Farmwives 2 will be available next month.  their lives better, to make their families better, to make their marriage stronger.” The trick to that is simple, she added: Do what makes you happy. “If you love making the meals and taking care of the kids full time, do that. If you love putting a crop in or working on the farm, do that. Whatever makes you happy, do that,” said Miller. Ultimately, there isn’t one way to be a farmwife, she said. And each woman should be honoured for what they bring to the table — no matter what that looks like, she said. “I don’t want any other woman to feel like they’re not good enough. No matter how you’re doing it; no matter what kind of woman you are on a Canadian family farm, I want you to know you’re doing it right.” Farmwives 2 goes on sale in March.

Dry bean breeder wins Albertan named pulse innovation award top 4-H volunteer


ans-Henning Muendel is the winner of the fourth annual Alberta Pulse Industry Innovator Award. “Dr. Muendel dedicated his career to developing the dry bean cultivars that now set the standard for small red, black, pinto, and great northern cultivars in Western Canada,” said D’Arcy Hilgartner, chair of Alberta Pulse Growers. In 1996, there weren’t any dry bean cultivars being grown in Western Canada that had been bred in this region. Over the next 11 years, as the senior research scientist at the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s research station in Lethbridge, Muendel and his team developed 14 dry bean cultivars in seven bean classes, and co-developed one other new bean cultivar. His breeding program concentrated on pro-

ducing early-maturing, upright bean cultivars suited to the short growing seasons of the southern Prairies. Many also had improved resistance to white mould. “The success of dry bean production in southern Alberta today can be largely credited to his program’s development of local varieties with improved standability and disease resistance,” said Rodney Volk, a director with Alberta Pulse Growers. “Many of today’s pinto and great northern varieties still have a direct connection to the lines Dr. Muendel developed.” “It has been 10 years since I retired, and now — with our bean varieties having spread throughout the Alberta dry bean-growing area — on behalf of my breeding team, it is such an honour to accept this award,” said Muendel.


or the second year in a row, an Albertan has been named 4-H Canada’s volunteer of the year. Norma Ansloos has been a leader with the Springbank Rawhides 4-H Club since 1988. “Our 2017 4-H Canada Volunteer Leader of the Year Award recipients best exemplify the dedication and passion all our volunteers put into 4-H,” said Shannon Benner, CEO of 4-H Canada. “I am truly honoured to receive this award. 4-H has always been a passion of mine both as a former member and certainly as a leader,” said Ansloos. “To be able to provide leadership to our youth and see them grow into caring, capable and certainly multifaceted adults is a very personal reward for me.” Last year, Caroline Boddy of the Golden Prairie 4-H Club won the

award. Nominations come from 4-H members who want to share the positive impact their leaders have had on them and their communities. Nominations for the 2018 award can be submitted from Sept. 15 to Nov. 30 at — 4-H Canada release

Feb. 13-14: Leading Edge Farm Management Conference, Holiday Inn & Suites on Gasoline Alley, Red Deer. Contact: Rick T. 780454-0844 Feb. 14: Become a Vendor — Start Your Business at the Farmers’ Market, On the Rocks Kitchen & Drink, Edmonton (also Feb. 26 in Calgary). Contact: Eileen Kotowich 780-853-8223 Feb. 14: CanadaGAP — On-farm food safety program Level One, Agriculture Building, Lacombe (Level Two course on Feb. 15). Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800387-6030 Feb. 15: Getting Into Farmers’ Markets, AFSC Building, Camrose. Contact: Eileen Kotowich 780853-8223 Feb. 20-22: 55th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, InnoTech Alberta, Edmonton. Contact: Dani Degenhardt 780-450-5460 Feb. 21: Sour Cherry and Haskap Production Workshop, Pomeroy Inn & Suites, Olds. Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800-387-6030 Feb. 21: Building a Working Destination Farm, Agriculture Business Centre, Leduc. Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800-387-6030 Feb. 21-23: Alberta Beef Industry Conference, Sheraton Red Deer Hotel, Red Deer. Contact: Alberta Cattle Feeders’ Association 403-250-2509 Feb. 22: Preparing Your Business for Change, Alberta Agriculture Centre, Airdrie. Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800387-6030 Feb. 26: BMO Ag Info Day, Acme Community Hall, Acme. Contact: Rob Andrews 403-337-7060 Feb. 28: Farming Smarter AGM, Farming Smarter, Lethbridge. Contact: 403-317-0022 Feb. 28: Beyond Sticky Traps: Levelling Up Your Greenhouse Biocontrol, Thiels Greenhouses, Bruderheim (also March 1 in Lacombe). Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800-387-6030 Feb 28: Lakeland Agricultural Research Association AGM, Craigend Hall, Craigend. Contact: Kellie Nichiporik 780-826-7260 Feb. 28-March 1: Farm & Ranch Transition Workshop, CrossRoads Church, Red Deer County. Contact: Megan Balatti 403-3428654 March 6: Potato Pest Management, Festival Place, Sherwood Park (also March 8 in Lethbridge). Contact: Ag-Info Centre 1-800-387-6030 March 7-8: Western Barley Growers Association 40th Convention: A New Era in Agriculture, Deerfoot Inn & Casino, Calgary. Contact: WBGA 403-912-3998 March 8: Septic Sense — Solutions for Rural Living, Bonnyville Centennial Centre Theatre Room, Bonnyville. Contact: Kellie Nichiporik 780826-7260



Donation preserves central Alberta wetlands and grasslands Nature Conservancy of Canada release


central Alberta farm family has gifted 1,467 acres on the northwest shore of Gough Lake to the Nature Conservancy of Canada. The Ferrier property, located 125 kilometres east of Red Deer, has 256 acres of wetlands and shoreline habitat that is home to deer, grassland birds, shorebirds, and waterfowl. Several species considered at risk have been spotted on the property, including Baird’s sparrow and Sprague’s pipit. One-third of the land consists of increasingly rare native grassland — less than five per cent of native fescue grasslands remain in Canada. The property was donated by the late Agnes Isabelle (Nancy) Ferrier, who left the property to the conservancy in her will. Her father John and uncle Tom had homesteaded on the property after emigrating from Scotland in 1904. “The family is absolutely delighted,” said Sylvia Walters, a member of the Ferrier family. “John and Nancy, the children of the John Ferrier who settled here from Scotland, never had

Sylvia and John Walters at the 1,500-acre Ferrier property donated to the Nature Conservancy of Canada.  PHOTOs: Brent Calver any children of their own, so this was their wish. “This property has come full circle, from being homesteaded in 1904 to going back to nature the way it was in 1904.” The Nature Conservancy of Canada has helped protect more than 2.8 million acres nationally, including more than 280,000 acres in Alberta. The provincial and federal government and other donors contributed to the securement and ongoing stewardship of the Ferrier conservation project.

Win $2,500 for a local charity or non-profit


pplications are now being accepted for Canada’s Farmers Grow Communities program. The program, sponsored by the Monsanto Fund, gives farmers the opportunity to win a $2,500 grant for their favourite charitable or not-for-profit group in their community. A total of two grants will be awarded in each of the country’s 33 grain-growing regions. Nine of those regions are in Alberta. Winners will be drawn randomly from all applications received between Jan. 1 and Sept. 30. Farmers may make one entry each, but multiple farmers can apply for the same charity or project. As well, charities and community groups can also participate by offering suggestions for farmers to consider. The list of charities can include almost any non-profit organization

The Ferrier property is home to several hundred acres of increasingly rare native grassland.


A total of two grants will be awarded in each of the country’s 33 graingrowing regions.

based in rural Canada. Past winners have included 4-H clubs, rural daycares, libraries, volunteer fire departments, hospitals, schools, ag societies, senior centres, and other community facilities. Complete contest rules, eligibility requirements, and an online application form are available at www. — Monsanto Fund



Lots of young people want to farm, study finds The Becoming a Young Farmer study began in 2017 asking new entrants about how the next generation sees agriculture BY LORRAINE STEVENSON Staff/Winnipeg


anitoba stood out in 2016 census data for having the largest proportion of those younger farm operators, as well as the youngest population of farm operators in Canada outside Quebec. But these young agriculturalists now farm a landscape more thinly populated than one their grandparents and even parents experienced. During the 1980s and 1990s, when most of today’s young entrants were born, a third of the entire Canadian farm population dispersed and disappeared. Yet if agriculture seems a lonelier place nowadays, that isn’t deterring next-in-line young farmers who tell a University of Manitoba research project they definitely want in. The study, entitled Becoming a Young Farmer; Young People’s Pathways into Agriculture in Four Countries collected the views and experiences of 48 farmers between ages of 18 and 40 in Manitoba last summer. The government-funded research is also asking similar questions of new farm entrants in Ontario and much further afield — in India, Indonesia and China. Research assistants Meghan Entz and Hannah Bihun recently presented their initial findings of the work during the annual meeting of

Attendees at a meeting of Manitoba’s largest farm group participated in the Young Farmer’s program and had an opportunity to talk in groups about the questions the Becoming A Young Farmer research is posing.  PHOTO: LORRAINE STEVENSON

the province’s largest farm group, Keystone Agricultural Producers. They interviewed a wide range of farmers, from those inheriting grain and livestock farms to brand new entrants operating very small direct-marketing ventures, said Entz. “One of the things we were interested in was what motivates people to farm,” she said. The replies weren’t surprising — ranging from wanting to work with family, a love of the outdoor lifestyle farm life offers, a desire to engage with work that’s varied and challenging, and a sense of altruism and social responsibility.

In most cases — 86 per cent — respondents said parents or family were enabling and encouraging them to farm. These young farmers also are motivated by a belief they have good futures ahead in agriculture. “This is a pretty important finding,” said Entz. “They weren’t talking about making money or having profit, but they were talking about seeing farming as a sustainable livelihood to go into.” Bihun is a young farm entrant herself, and working on a master’s degree in geography at U of M. Access to land was the most common barrier to farming cited

by the majority of young farmers interviewed, she said. “Forty-one out of 48 mentioned it as a barrier to them,” she said. “It’s an issue prominent across all farming categories and all farm sizes.” Eleven per cent of the respondents (four-fifths of those surveyed came from farm families) said they had already inherited land, while 70 per cent said they were likely to inherit in future. Access to credit and financial management were the other most common issues raised by those interviewed, said Bihun, noting that respondents raised those issues most, linking them back to their difficulties with secure land to farm. “When a young farmer was talking about land as a barrier they were talking about land as it relates to their finances,” she said. Young farmers interviewed said they don’t feel any level of government nor political party grasps the issues or needs of new farm entrants, Bihun said. This research really underscores how motivated young farmers are to farm, Entz said. “That was one of the really encouraging results of the research,” she said. A particular insight gleaned from this work is just how much in common young farmers have, regardless of what sector in ag they’re pursuing, she said. “From those in small-scale CSAs

(community-shared agriculture) marketing, to those who inherited fairly large conventional grain or mixed farms... some of the issues they face really cut across all types of agriculture, issues of land concentration, increasing size of farms, difficulties accessing farmland,” she said. They did ask how people will sustain social networks in agriculture, she said. Farm organizations, commodity groups and connections through college and university definitely foster a sense of community among them, but a distinct advantage young farmers know they have is access to social media. It keeps them in contact across geographic distance in a way a previous generation never could. “Social media is a huge enabler of farmer-to-farmer relationships,” she said. “People say it’s the new coffee shop for young farmers to keep in contact with each other.” The research began in 2017 and will be ongoing for another four years while Ontario and overseas data is also collected and analyzed. The research aims to challenge the idea that young people don’t want to farm and would rather leave for the city, said University of Manitoba sociology professor, Annette Desmarais, who is one of the study’s nine researchers across multiple countries.



is the only multiple mode of action pre-seed burndown product that battles resistant weeds and all types of volunteer canola, Group 2-resistant cleavers and kochia – as well as other hard to kill weeds. Plus, it helps prevent the spread of Group 9 resistance. Before seeding, add CONQUER to your glyphosate and double up on your weed fighting capabilities.

WHY JUST CONTROL WEEDS, WHEN YOU CAN CONQUER THEM. Ask your local retailer for more information.

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2018-02-02 22:46



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2015 NH P2050/P1070, 57’ x 10”


JD 1870/1910, 56’ x 12”


NH SD440A/P1060, 58’ x 9”







Case IH 700/ADX430, 60’ x 12”

Seedhawk/NH 7012/P4760, 70’ x 12”


NH CX8080, 2013, 2 to choose from, starting at 586 Sep Hrs $315,000 NH 880CF, 2013, 40’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $74,500 JD X534, 70 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $7,900 NH CX8080, 2015, 2 to choose from, starting at 508 Sep Hrs $369,000 JD 640FD, 2014, 40’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $82,500 Kubota L6060, 2014, 240 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $43,500 NH CX8.80, 2016, 532/415 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $419,000 MacDon FD75-35, 2013, CNH Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $87,000 MacDon FD75-40, 2014, CNH Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $87,500 NH T4040, 2012, 952 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $49,500 HEADERS NH T7.260, 2011, 5387 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $132,000 Macdon 960, 1998, 30’, JD Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $14,500 MacDon FD75-35, 2015, CNH Adapter, 2 to choose from . . . $91,000 MF 8670, 2013, 2535 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $215,000 JD 630R, 2004, 2 to choose from . . . . . . . . . .STARTING @ $17,500 MacDon FD75-40, 2014, CNH Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $97,000 Versatile 835, 1982, 5417 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $20,000 HB SP30, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $19,000 Macdon FD75-35, 2017, CNH Adapter, 3 to choose from . . . $99,000 Challenger MT765C, 2009, 2735hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $165,000 HB SP36, 2000, 36’, CAT adaptor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $19,000 NH TJ530, 2007, 3360 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $215,000 JD 630F, 2005, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $21,000 SEEDING Versatile 575, 2012, 1933 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $295,000 JD 635F, 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $23,000 JD 787, 1993, 170 Bushel Tank, tow behind . . . . . . . . . . . . . $4,000 Versatile 575, 2011, 2403 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $295,000 NH 94C, 2003, 25’, CR/CX Adapter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $24,000 NH T9.480HD, 2015, 1415 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $365,000 NH 72C, 2009, 30’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $24,500 NH T9.670 Smart Trax, 2012, 1983 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $484,000 JD 930D, 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,000 HB SP36, 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,500 COMBINES Macdon CA25, 2017, CR/CX Adapter, NH TX66, 1997, 3250/2500 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $25,000 BRAND NEW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $27,500 Case IH 2388, 1998, 3932/2936 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $42,000 HB SP36, 1999 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $29,000 JD T670, 2011, 2 to choose from, starting at 1473 Sep Hrs . . $210,000 NH 74C, 2008, 35’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $29,000 NH CR970, 2005, 2140/1692 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $115,000 JD 930D, 2000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $33,000 NH CR9060, 2007, 1935/1425 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $115,000 JD 635F, 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $37,500 NH CR9070, 2007, 2978/2193hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $120,000 JD 930D, 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $38,000 NH CR9090, 2012, 1667/1170 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $240,000 NH 94C, 2009, 30’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $38,000 NH CR9070, 2011, 1091/893 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $245,000 JD 635D, 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $40,000 NH CR9080, 2011, 1267/834 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $285,000 NH 94C, 2012, 30’ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $47,500 NH CR9090, 2013, 4 to choose from, HB SP36, 2013, 2 to choose from . . . . . . . . . . . Starting @ 449,500 starting at 577 Sep Hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . STARTING @ $315,000 NH 740CF, 2014, 35’, 2 to choose from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $49,900 NH CR8090, 2014, 974/680 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $389,000 MacDon D60S, 2010, 30’, 70 Series JD Adapter, NH CR8.90, 2016, 394/288 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $479,000 2 to choose from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $52,000 NH CR9.90, 2015, 2 to choose from, starting at 502 Sep hrs . $505,000 NH 94C, 2011, 36’, Transport, UCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $52,500 NH CX840, 2003, 2630/1920 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $110,000 NH 760CG, 2012, 35’, 2 to choose from . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $53,500 NH CX8080, 2007, 1956/1519 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $169,000 JD 630D, 2011, 30’ DK, Transport, Hydrafloat . . . . . . . . . . $62,000 NH CX8080, 2010, 1061/828 hrs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $235,000 HB SP30, 2013 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $67,500

NH P1050, 2009, 380 Bushel, VR, TBH, 6 Run, Dual fan, Intelliview Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $45,000 NH P1060, 2009, 430 Bush, TBH, Mech, Intelliview Plus II . . $52,500 NH P1060, 2009, 430 BU, VR, TBH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $54,500 NH SD440A/SC430, 2006, 51’x10”, DS, 4.5” Steel Pkrs, TBH, VR $79,000 NH P2060, 2011, 70’x10”, 4” Rubber Packers, 3.5” Dutch Boots, DS, w/ Liquid, Liquid has Raven sectional control . . . . . $92,500 NH P2050/P1060, 2011, 40’X10”, DS, 4” Stealth, 4.5” Steel . . . $115,000 NH SD440A/P1060, 2004/2013, 58’x9”, DS, 4”Stealth, 4.5” Steel, TBH, VR, Hyd Auger, Duals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $125,000 NH P2060/P1060, 2010/2011, 70’ x 10”, DS, 4” Stealth, 4.5” Steel, Basic Blockage VR, SCTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $135,000 NH P2060/P1060, 2012, 60’x10”, DS, 4” Stealth, 4.5” Steel, TBT, VR, Dual Fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $145,000 NH P2060/P1060/P1060, 2009, 70x10, DS, 4” prd row Stealth, steel pkr, harrows, VR, NH blockage, 1 Intelliview Plus II . . . . . $175,000 JD 1870/1910, 2010, 56’x12”, TBT 430 Bus, DS, Full Blockage . $205,000 SeedHawk 6510/600TBT, 2011, 65x10, Sectional Control, Conveyor, TBT, 600BU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $245,000 SeedHawk 6612/600TBT, 2012, 66x12”, Sectional Control, DS, TBT, Sideband Knife, semi pneumatic packers, Viper Pro . . . . . $255,000

Visit for Equipment Details




VEGREVILLE, AB 1-877-632-6772





VERMILION, AB 1-888-853-5196




LAMONT, AB 1-855-895-2189 *For commercial use only. Offer subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. See your New Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. standard terms and conditions will apply. Depending on model, a down payment may be required. Offer good through March 31, 2018, at participating New Holland dealers in Canada. Offer subject to change. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in price. © 2018 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. CNH Industrial Capital and New Holland Agriculture are trademarks registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.



5’ X 6’



2000 LUCKNOW FEED PROCESSOR 425 cu. ft. capacity, 4 augers, left hand delivery


• Better windrow feeding in a wide range of crops and baling conditions

BALING CAPACITY • Simplified twine and net wrapping systems

The Roll-Belt™ 560 is built to increase your baling capacity by 20% compared to previous models. Higher baling capacity results from these SMART, field-tested innovations:




5’ X 6’

• Activesweep™ 82-inch pickups


Hydro, 3pt, 2HP, 235 TL Loader


The Roll-Belt™ 560 is built to increase your baling capacity by 20% compared to previous models. Higher baling capacity results from these SMART, field-tested innovations:

• Proven combination of rolls and belts for fast core starts and dense, uniform bales in any crop


1981 FORD TW20 Cab heat, only 7000 hours



2010 JOHN DEERE 2305

Diesel, 4WD, Hydro, 157 hours, front end loader, as new!



• Activesweep™ 82-inch pickups • Better windrow feeding in a wide range of crops and baling conditions • Proven combination of rolls and belts for fast core starts and dense, uniform bales in any crop



• Simplified twine and net wrapping systems


© 2014 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.

2006 HIGHLINE 8000 BALE PROCESSOR c/w feed chopper, grain tank



USED 20303 BR 780

Standard pick up, twine wrap, gathering wheels






© 2014 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.



13ft Hydra Swing! Quick change knives, Skid shears

dog leg conveyor, scale and weight repeater



The New Holland Discbine® disc mower-conditioner lets you harvest crops faster and produce more nutritious, high-value feed with quicker dry-down. Learn more about the gold standard in Discbines, part of the world’s best-selling line of hay and forage equipment, at

2017 NH WORKMASTER 50 4WD 50HP, 3pt, c/w 611 F/E Loader



The New Holland Discbine® disc mower-conditioner lets you harvest crops faster and produce more nutritious, high-value feed with quicker dry-down. Learn more about the gold standard in Discbines, part of the world’s best-selling line of hay and forage equipment, at © 2015 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.

5410 - 43 ST. Rimbey AB • Phone: 403.843.3700 • Fax: 403.843.3430 © 2015 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland is a trademark registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.




*For commercial use only. Offer subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. See your New Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. standard terms and conditions will apply. Depending on model, a down payment may be required. Offer good through March 31, 2018, at participating New Holland dealers in Canada. Offer subject to change. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in price. © 2018 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. CNH Industrial Capital and New Holland Agriculture are trademarks registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.

5410 - 43 ST. Rimbey AB • Phone: 403.843.3700 • Fax: 403.843.3430



Get the lowdown on equine health

Host of farm safety tools online

The Horse Industry Association of Alberta and the University of Calgary’s faculty of veterinary medicine is hosting a one-day equine health education seminar on April 7. The sessions, which are aimed at horse owners, include breathing and performance; equine nutrition; equine acupuncture; common internal problems; and care of performance horses. The event will be held in the Libin Theatre in the Veterinary Medicine Building. Tickets are $60 (free for youth 15 years old or younger) and include lunch. For more information or to register online, go to— Horse Industry Association of Alberta

The Alberta Farm Safety Program has more than 60 informational tools and resources for farms and organizations and much of it is free and available online. One of the most used tools is event coaching and planning assistance for community groups eager to organize an educational event. A step-by-step guide Planning a Farm Safety Day Camp has a suite of safety resources designed for children, youth and young farm workers. Another resource is the Farm Safety Online Directory, which lists more than 55 businesses or individuals offering expertise and services related to farm safety. For more information or to sign up for a twice yearly farm safety newsletter, email or go to — AAF

HEARTLAND The definition of soil health is a moving target, says expert Soil health is a hot topic, but there’s no one-size-fits-all definition of what it is and how to improve it BY ALEXIS STOCKFORD

“Soil health is not an absolute thing.”

Staff / Brandon, Man.


hat’s soil health? Ask five people that question and you might get five different answers — even among experts. Soil health, soil degradation, soil tests that go beyond nutrients and into microbiology, and grazing projects on carbon sequestration and its impact on forage growth are some of the areas receiving attention. However, the definition of ‘soil health’ is a moving target — one that has not only evolved since university textbooks started including it, but spans a dizzying array of indicators that may leave producers spinning. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization defines soil health as, “the capacity of soil to function as a living system, with ecosystem and land use boundaries, to sustain plant and animal productivity, maintain or enhance water and air quality, and promote plant and animal health. “Healthy soils maintain a diverse community of soil organisms that help to control plant disease, insect and weed pests, form beneficial symbiotic associations with plant roots; recycle essential plant nutrients; improve soil structure with positive repercussions for soil waterand nutrient-holding capacity, and ultimately improve crop production.” That long definition does little for farmers looking for a plan of attack when it comes to improving their own soil health, starting at which soil health indicators they should even start looking at. Start by setting realistic soil goals for your land, said Rigas Karamanos, senior agronomist with Koch Fertilizer Canada. A healthy sandy soil will not have the same organic matter as a clay loam, he said at a recent Manitoba farm conference. A healthy soil is one that is, “functioning at its optimal levels within its natural settings.” At the same time, ‘productivity’ should not be confused with ‘fertility.’ “Some soils that are poor soils; it doesn’t mean they’re not healthy,” he said. “You’re not going to make them healthy by adding a whole bunch of stuff.”

Rigas Karamanos

Just what does the term ‘soil health’ mean? A lot of different things, it turns out.  FILE PHOTO Benefit or buzzword?

Karamanos said he is worried that soil health has become as much about marketing products for some companies as actually improving soil. Soil health must start with baseline testing, continue with more testing to track changes, and all practices must be actually beneficial, he said. “People say, ‘Oh, soil health? You can apply this, you can apply that,’ but that’s not what soil health is,” he said. “What is the starting point? Just going and indiscriminately applying different products does not fix that.” For example, nutrients should

make up for what the soil does not provide, he said, and a soil’s nutrient status must be known before good management decisions can be made. Not all soils will share the same health standards, said Greg Patterson, president of A&L Canada Laboratories, another speaker at the conference. More organic matter doesn’t always mean higher productivity, adding that he has seen Solvita tests from sandy samples return higher microbial respiration, and therefore more microbial activity, than richer soils. What many people classify as soil health — such as aggregate stability, infiltration, or mois-

ture capacity — he would call soil quality, Patterson said. “My definition of soil health is the whole thing,” he said. “It’s the microbiome. It’s the aggregate stability of the soil. It’s the infiltration rate. It’s the porosity of the soil. It’s the whole thing. “But there’s a difference between microbial activity and soil microbial health and soil tilth or soil quality.”

Health or quality?

The Cornell University soil health assessment, something that has emerged as one of the standard soil tests, focuses more on what he would call soil quality, Patterson said.

The report card measures a wide range of indicators including organic matter, soil protein, respiration, available water capacity, wet aggregate stability, active carbon, nutrients, pH and soil hardness. “You can’t say you’ve got a good, healthy, stable soil if it’s not producing a crop,” he said. “So when I see a measurement or something that has a high rating for soil health, but it doesn’t grow anything, I ask why.” So do soil health and yield go hand in hand? Not necessarily, said Steve Crittenden, a soil researcher with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. “More soil health does not always mean better yields,” he said, adding that, however, soil health may come with longerterm, secondary benefits. Advocates have pointed to better infiltration (one of Crittenden’s markers) and decreased risk of flooding, nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, and benefits of better biodiversity, among others. Crittenden’s definition of soil health includes water infiltration, compaction, and the ability to retain nutrients — aspects Patterson would refer to as “soil quality.” Some indicators may be a double-edged sword, Crittenden said. Studies suggest more earthworms, commonly considered a top indicator of soil health for many producers, may actually increase greenhouse gas emissions from the soil. The 2013 study found that while earthworms probably help lock carbon into soil aggregates, their gut bacteria also produce nitrous oxide and that their presence could increase both carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide released in the air. It’s unlikely a producer will be able to reach a peak on all indicators at once since one indicator will often require a trade-off from another, he said.



Things are rapidly changing on organic farms Mechanical weed control in particular has been quickly advancing thanks to sensors and weed recognition software BY LORRAINE STEVENSON Staff/Brandon, Man.


t’s often said Grandpa’s farm was organic — just because he used no chemical inputs. But there’s no comparison between how a past generation ran a farm and what present-day organic farmers do, says an extension organic agronomist. Organic producers now make science-based management decisions, thanks to the considerable advancements that have been made in technology and research supporting organic production, Katherine Stanley said at a recent Manitoba farm conference. And that means they’re not doing things “like Grandpa did,” she said. “It’s become a little bit more complicated and little more evolved than that,” she said. There’s been significant changes in technology, and a deepening understanding of soil management, in the last five to 10 years, she said.

The Garford Robocrop InRow Weeder uses video and software to remove weeds both between rows and individual plants.  PHOTO: Garford Farm Machinery video

One example is inter-row cultivators such as the Garford Robocrop InRow Weeder, which is souped up with video cameras along with colour and pattern recognition software that identify weeds to precisely guide the weeding rotor. “This is an example of European technology and tools that we’re seeing being brought to the Canadian Prairies quite a bit more,” she said, adding they’re now in use on some larger-scale organic farms in her province. Another recent advancement in mechanical weed control is the Comb Cut, an implement that looks and works much as its name implies, by selectively combing through a standing crop and cutting weed heads above crop canopy to inhibit weed development. Tests done with the Comb Cut in fields infested with thistle have found it set back the weed enough to see a 50 per cent yield difference between test plots, she said. Researchers are also addressing limitations of other more traditional methods, such as the rotator harrow which combines the action of a rotary hoe and a harrow. “It’s a little more aggressive and addresses the time limitations of those two implements,” she said.

“Over the past five to 10 years we’ve seen quite a bit of research as well as real technological developments.” Katherine Stanley

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*Canola yield from a large-scale, grower managed trial in Alberta as of November 19, 2017. Product responses are variable and subject to any number of environmental, disease and pest pressures. Individual results may vary. Multi-year and multi-location data is a better predictor of future performance. Refer to or contact a Pioneer Hi-Bred sales representative for the latest and complete listing of traits and scores for each Pioneer® brand product. Genuity® and Roundup Ready® are registered trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. ®, TM, SM Trademarks and service marks of DuPont, Pioneer or their respective owners. © 2018, PHII.

Today’s organic farmers also benefit from advancements in plant breeding, including new crop varieties developed for suitability for organic systems. AAC Tradition is a wheat variety developed specifically for organic production by the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and University of Manitoba joint organic cerealbreeding program. Research is also producing more sophisticated approaches to intercropping, better soil fertility management, and an improved understanding of nutrient flows on and off farm. A budgeting tool created by University of Manitoba, for example, can now help organic farmers assess and balance nutrient imports and exports and enable them to create a plan for an entire rotation. “When we think of advancements of agriculture and science and technology, often organic or ecological farming are not the first things that come to mind,” Stanley said. “But over the past five to 10 years we’ve seen quite a bit of research as well as real technological developments.”

2091 Canola Creative_Yield Ad_45H33_80.5_AlbFarmExp.indd 1

1/30/18 9:03 AM



Feds to help fund Canadian Organic Standards review The update is key to ensuring organic product from Canada is recognized internationally STAFF

The federal government will commit $250,000 towards a review process of the Canadian Organic Standards, a procedure that must be conducted every five years. The sector had stepped up its call for funding in recent months, noting that without resources to fund the required update the Standards are at risk of being withdrawn under the Standards Council of Canada. In announcing the funding, federal Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAuley said the organic industry is one of Canada’s fastest-growing agricultural sectors, with more than $5.4 billion in retail sales in 2017. Growing the organic sector will contribute to the government’s goal of reaching $75 billion in annual agri-food exports by 2025, he said. “Canadian organic farmers and food processors are producing a quality product that consumers in Canada and around the world demand,” he said. The current review of the Standards must be complete by 2020. The push for this funding support came from key players in the organic sector including Canadian Organic Growers, the Organic Federation of Canada, and the Canadian Organic Trade Association. Both domestic consumers and foreign buyers must be assured organic practices are ecologically sound and backed by good science, said Jim Robbins, president of the Organic Federation of Canada. “The rapidly growing Canadian organic industry depends on a sound Canadian Organic Standard,” he said. The Canadian Organic Trade Association also applauded the move. “We take our responsibility for providing a growing portion of food seriously and see the need for taking an increasingly active role within agriculture in Canada,” said Dag Falck, the association’s board president. The review process is estimated to cost approximately $550,000. The organic industry will be exploring various options with government to obtain the funds to pay the remaining amount. The Organic Standards were created and became regulated by the federal government in 2009 as international trade increased for organic products in the early 2000s. At the time, major international trading partners said Canadian products would be banned from their countries if an organic regulation were not put in place. The federal funding announcement also includes $72,500 for developing a userfriendly guide to the Standards and $95,000 for an international market development strategy.

Canadian farmers tied up in red tape, says business group The Canadian Federation of Independent Business says government talks a good game but overregulates STAFF


oo much red tape is burning out Canadian farmers and others in the agriculture industry, according to the Canadian Federation of Independent Business. It’s got so bad that 40 per cent of business owners in the sector wouldn’t now advise their kids to start a similar business, up four points from just a year ago, according to a recent report from the organization entitled Agribusiness Red Tape Backgrounder. Among the issues tipped by the report include confusing forms, bad customer service and excessive government regulations.

Governments have proven adept at milking agriculture for its positive associations, they’re less skilled at setting winning conditions for the industry, said Marilyn Braun-Pollon, the federation’s vice-president for agribusiness “While governments are great at celebrating agriculture, which is important, what farmers really want is for governments to set them free from excessive red tape,” she said in a news release. In a survey, 83 per cent of agribusiness owners said red tape adds significant stress while 73 per cent said it significantly reduces the productivity in their business and 70 per cent said it discourages business growth.

“While governments are great at celebrating agriculture, which is important, what farmers really want is for governments to set them free from excessive red tape.” Marilyn Braun-Pollon

Farmers continue to be among the hardest-hit businesses in Canada, with 64 per cent saying their business has been negatively affected by delays caused by red tape,

compared to 56 per cent of small-business owners generally. A full 93 per cent of farmers believe their regulatory burden is growing.

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Campbell Soup will call a halt to all Canadian soup and broth production by mid-2019 when it closes the doors on its Toronto manufacturing plant. The company, which will move production to three U.S. facilities, says the 87-year-old Etobicoke plant can’t be economically upgraded. Recent production figures aren’t available but in 2010, the plant used more than 42 million pounds of potatoes, carrots, mushrooms, celery, onions and other fresh vegetables to produce more than 182,000 tonnes of soup. A drop in sales of canned soup has prompted the company to reduce “excess capacity.” The company once had four plants in Canada. “We are operating in an increasingly challenging environment as our industry’s consumer and retail landscapes continue to change dramatically,” said Mark Alexander, president for Campbell’s America’s simple meals and beverages division. About 380 manufacturing-related positions at the plant will be affected while nearly 200 Toronto staff will move to a new head office location in the city. Despite exiting manufacturing in Canada, the company “will continue to make soup and broth recipes tailored to Canadian tastes.” — Staff

“We are operating in an increasingly challenging environment as our industry’s consumer and retail landscapes continue to change dramatically.” Mark Alexander



Mugabe’s demise brings hope to Zimbabwe’s ousted white farmers Land seizures were supposed to bring better times but instead they cratered the country’s economy for a generation BY CHRIS MAHOVE

Thomson Reuters Foundation


new political dawn in Zimbabwe has sparked talk among farmers of land reform and the return of some whites who lost their land and livelihoods to President Robert Mugabe during a 37-year rule that drove the economy to collapse. Mugabe, 93, resigned in November after the army and his ZANU-PF party turned against him, prompting optimism among some of the thousands of white farmers ousted in the early 2000s on the grounds of redressing imbalances from the colonial era. Much of the best agricultural land remained in the hands of white farmers after independence in 1980, leaving many blacks effectively landless and making landownership one of Zimbabwe’s most sensitive political topics. In the early 2000s many farmers saw their operations overrun by “veterans” groups who forced them off the land, much of which wound up in the hands of Mugabe’s inner circle. Now some white landowners hope the post-Mugabe regime may address the land issue, either through compensation or returning land, and try to resuscitate a once vibrant agricultural sector boosting an economy once seen as one of Africa’s great hopes. “We are convinced positive signals will come quickly in terms of property rights,” Ben Purcel Gilpin, director of the Commercial Farmers Union, which represents white and black farmers, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Ousted Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe, seen here during a 2015 visit to Russia.  

Pippa van Rechteren and her twin daughters Catherine and Elizabeth watch farm invaders sing revolutionary songs outside the electric fence of her homestead on Chiripiro farm in Centenary district 180 kms north of Harare March 29, 2000. Thousands of ousted white farmers hope the exit of Robert Mugabe may mean compensation or returning to the land.  

PHOTO: Press Service of the President of Russia


“It would send a good signal to people outside Zimbabwe.” New president and longtime Mugabe ally, Emmerson Mnangagwa, has promised a raft of changes since he took office, including a return to the rule of law and respect for property rights. Landownership has been a key issue for decades in Zimbabwe dating back to British colonial rule in what was then Rhodesia. At independence, white farmers owned more than 70 per cent of the most fertile land and generated 80 per cent of the country’s agricultural output, according to academics. Reforms began after independence with a “willing buyer, willing seller” system aimed at redistributing land to poor black subsistence farmers. In the 1990s, compulsory acquisition of land

began with some funding provided by Britain. But for many Zimbabweans change was too slow and Mugabe approved radical land reforms that encouraged occupation of some 4,000 white-owned farms. Land went to his supporters with no knowledge of farming and thousands of white farmers fled. The violent farm seizures saw Zimbabwe forfeit its status as the breadbasket of Africa and led to a collapse of many industries that depended on agriculture. Among those were paper mills, textile firms, leather tanners and clothing companies. As a result, the country failed to generate foreign currency, resulting in the central bank printing money which led to unprecedented levels of hyperinflation and high unemployment.

Produced by: SeCan Product/Campaign Name: AAC Spitfire Date Produced: October 2017

Ad Number: SEC-SPIT17-R Publication: Alberta Farmer Express Ad Size: 5Col x 80 (10.25” x 5.71”)

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New start

Now some white farmers are starting to reclaim their land. “White commercial farmers, like all other Zimbabweans, could apply for land from the government and join the queue or go into joint ventures,” Mnangagwa told a former white commercial farmer during a recent visit to Namibia. Gilpin — who quit farming and moved to Harare after his farm was compulsorily acquired by the government in 2005 — said sound policies from the new team could win support and help the economy. He said compensation rather than putting people back into their properties might be the best route as many farmers are now too old to farm, some had died, and others migrated.

The current situation — where resettled farmers had 99-year leases — was also untenable as the leases were not accepted by banks as collateral against borrowing. Gilpin said this effectively made the land dead capital, as banks could not sell if farmers failed to pay back loans, so the government should instead offer farmers freehold titles. Property rights expert Lloyd Mhishi, a senior partner in the law firm Mhishi Nkomo Legal Practice, said although Mnangagwa spoke about compensating farmers whose land was expropriated, he did not give specifics and title deeds of the former white farmers had no legal force after repossession. “As far as the law of the country is concerned, the title deeds that the former white commercial farmers hold do not guarantee them title,” Mhishi said. But the lawyer said there were positive signs that the new administration realized land was a vital cog in the economy. “I see there will be an attempt to make land useful, productive,” he said. “The land tenure side needs to be addressed to make land useful.” Independent economist John Robertson, a former adviser to the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, said, however, that any idea of compensation should be dropped and former white commercial farmers should get back to their land and resume work. “I’d rather se e them get back their land and start farming again than paid out and emigrating. We need their skills. If people who oppose that idea could be just as successful, where have they been for the past 20 years?” he said.


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1976 CITABRIA 7ECA, 1637 hrs., some as- WRECKING VOLVO TRUCKS: Misc. axles PRECISION TRAILERS: Gooseneck and sembly required, $8000. 519-595-8580, and parts. Also tandem trailer suspension bumper hitch. You’ve seen the rest, now Milverton, ON. axles. Call 306-539-4642, Regina, SK. own the best. Hoffart Services, Odessa, SK. 306-957-2033 ONE OF SASK’s largest inventory of used heavy truck parts. 3 ton tandem diesel mo- 1995 DOEPKER 48’, 102”, tandem machintors and transmissions and differentials for ery trailer, single drop, hyd. tail/flip, alum. all makes! Can-Am Truck Export Ltd., outriggers, 12,000 lb. winch, good cond., 1-800-938-3323. $30,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. WANTED: 1 BOTTOM pull-type plow and 5 TRUCK BONEYARD INC. Specializing in or 6’ PT cult., rope controlled, wheel lift, obsolete parts, all makes. Trucks bought 2007 DOEPKER TRI-AXLE end dump trailer, used for 1942 JD Model H, without hyds. for wrecking. 306-771-2295, Balgonie, SK. drop back axle, excellent shape, $45,000. or PTO. 780-592-2278, Innisfree, AB. 780-349-1529, Westlock, AB. BRAND NEW CAR and truck windshields WANTED: DOZER AND dozer assembly for for 1960’s and newer vehicles. Phone or 1950’s TD6 International. 306-463-7527, text 306-921-7688. Melfort, SK. Kindersley, SK. WRECKING SEMI-TRUCKS, lots of parts. WANTED: THRESHING MACHINE in work- Call Yellowhead Traders. 306-896-2882, ing condition. Phone 306-577-9041, Churchbridge, SK. Wawota, SK. 2007 KENWORTH T800; 2005 IHC 9200; 2007 Macks. All with Eaton AutoShift, new CIM grain boxes, new Sask. safeties. Call 2015 VW JETTA TDI (diesel), mint condi- Allan at: 306-270-6399, Saskatoon, SK. WANTED: 1968 Dodge Coronet or Charg- tion, 12,000 km, backup camera, exc. Website: DL#316542 er, in any condition. Call 306-536-6693, mileage, 14 months remaining on VW warSedley, SK. ranty, $19,900. 204-343-2002, Roland, MB REMOTE CONTROL ENDGATE AND hoist systems can save you time, energy 1984 CHEVROLET 1/2 TON, 26,000 miles, and keep you safe this seeding season. Arizona truck, very nice, $9000. Call Rick, Give Kramble Industries a call at 306-734-7721, Craik, SK. 306-933-2655, Saskatoon, SK. or visit us online at: RARE 1949 CHEVY pickup, deluxe cab, chrome pkg., corner windows, limited pro2007 MACK GRANITE, 380 Mack, 13 spd., duction run. 306-338-2715, Wadena, SK. heavy axles, long enough for grain box, gravel or decks, clean western truck, last JIM’S CLASSIC CORNER - We buy or sell year before all of the emissions $26,000 your classic/antique automobile or truck. OBO. Neil 306-231-8300, Humboldt, SK. Call 204-997-4636, Winnipeg, MB.

NEWFOUNDLAND & MARITIME COINS (1861-1947); 1920 Newfoundland dollar 2008 CONVEY-ALL CST-32, 4 comp, farmbill. 780-366-2445, Beauvallon, AB. er owned, 1 owner, exc. cond., air ride. BORDER CITY COLLECTOR Show and 780-206-1234, Barrhead. Sale Lloydminster Stockade Convention 2010 DAKOTA 38’, all aluminum TA, Centre, SK-AB, Saturday March 10th, $29,800; 2010 Lode-King 28’ tri-axle lead, 9:00AM-5:00PM & Sunday, March 11, $24,000; A-Train wagon, $2900, Saska10AM-4PM. Featuring: Antiques, farm toon, SK., 306-222-2413. Pictures online toys, coins, dolls and much more! Contact Brad 780-846-2977 or Don 306-825-3584. PRAIRIE SANDBLASTING & PAINTING. WANTED: TRACTOR MANUALS, sales bro- Trailer overhauls and repairs, alum. slopes chures, tractor catalogs. 306-373-8012, and trailer repairs, tarps, insurance claims, and trailer sales. Epoxy paint. Agriculture Saskatoon, SK. and commercial. Satisfaction guaranteed. BEEHIVE BOOK 1945; Planter jars; Heinz 306-744-7930, Saltcoats, SK. ketchup bottles; Polish & Hungarian reader books; Round window w/frame (24x24); Old CDN & US road maps; 8 Pepsi-cola bottles; Old scratch 649 tickets; Air wave radio. 306-654-4802, Prud’Homme, SK. NORMS SANDBLASTING & PAINT, 40 years body and paint experience. We do DUPLEX VANELESS WINDMILL, recently metal and fiberglass repairs and integral to restored, w/derrick & everything to set up, daycab conversions. Sandblasting and pics avail. 780-926-1191, Kenaston, SK. paint to trailers, trucks and heavy equip. Endura primers and topcoats. A one stop shop. Norm 306-272-4407, Foam Lake SK. AGRO WESTERN - AUCTION RESULTS! GRAIN TRAILER 40' TA, alum., air ride, Auction season is just around the corner. recent tarp, no fert., low kms., very good Know your equipment values! See our cond. $28,000. 306-276-2080, Nipawin, SK. website for one stop auction pricing.


• Alberta Farmer Express reserves the right to revise, edit, classify or reject any advertisement submitted to it for publication. • Alberta Farmer Express, while assuming no responsibility for advertisements appearing in its columns, exercises the greatest care in an endeavor to restrict advertising to wholly reliable firms or individuals. • Buyers are advised to request shipment C.O.D. when purchasing from an unknown advertiser, thus minimizing the chances of fraud and eliminating the necessity of refund if the goods have already been sold. • Ads may be cancelled or changed at any time in accordance with the deadlines. Ads ordered on the term rates, which are cancelled or changed lose their special term rates.

CONTINUOUS METAL ROOFING, no exposed screws to leak or metal overlaps. Ideal for lower slope roofs, rinks, churches, pig barns, commercial, arch rib building and residential roofing; also available in Snap Lock. 306-435-8008, Wapella, SK. COMMERCIAL GRADE Wind and weather shelter buildings available in widths from 20’ to 90’. Prices starting at $2495. If you have bought an auction building and need to upgrade to more durable material or parts, we can help! Contact Paul 306-641-5464 or Ladimer 306-795-7779. Located in Yorkton, SK.

• Alberta Farmer Express accepts no responsibility for errors in advertisements after one insertion. • If you wish to have replies sent to a confidential box number please add $5.00/week to your total. While every effort is made to forward replies to the box numbers to the advertiser as soon as possible, we accept no liability in respect of loss or damage alleged to arise through either failure or delay in forwarding such replies, however caused. • Advertisers using only a post office box number or street address must submit their name to this office before such an advertisement is accepted for this publication. Their name will be kept confidential and will not appear in any advertisement unless requested.

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ROUGH LUMBER: 2x6, 2x8, 2x10, 1” boards, windbreak slabs, 4x4, 6x6, 8x8, in stock. Custom sizes & log siding on order. V&R Sawing 306-232-5488, Rosthern, SK.

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NEED A LOAN? Own farmland? Bank says WANTED: MOBILE EXCAVATOR w/rubber no? If yes to above three, call tires, similar to medium sized track hoe. 1-866-405-1228, Calgary, AB. 306-304-1959, Meadow Lake, SK PULL BEHIND GRADER, Richardson Hiboy, on rubber tires, has hydraulics, $1600 OBO. 306-460-9027, Flaxcombe, SK. 2003 BOBCAT S175, 3821 hrs., very good condition, $17,500. Call 306-367-4326, FARM/CORPORATE PROJECTS. Call A.L. Pilger, SK. Management Group for all your borrowing and lease requirements. 306-790-2020, Regina, SK. DEBTS, BILLS AND charge accounts too high? Need to resolve prior to spring? Call us to develop a professional mediation plan, resolution plan or restructuring plan. Call toll free 1-888-577-2020.

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HYDRAULIC PULL SCRAPERS 10 to 25 yds., exc. cond.; Loader and scraper tires, custom conversions available. Looking for Cat cable scrapers. Quick Drain Sales Ltd., 306-231-7318, 306-682-4520 Muenster SK SKIDSTEER ATTACHMENTS: Buckets, rock Hit our readers where it counts… in the clas- buckets, grapples, weld-on plates, hyd. ausifieds. Place your ad in the Alberta Farmer gers, brush cutters and more large stock. Express classifed section. 1-800-667-7770. Top quality equipment, quality welding and sales. Call Darcy at 306-731-3009, 306-731-8195, Craven, SK.

RESTAURANT FOR LEASE! Fully stocked, chairs, cooking equipment, dishwasher, dishes, etc. Located at the Western Budget JIM’S TUB GRINDING, H-1100 Haybuster Motel in Bonnyville, AB. Call Larry at with 400 HP, serving Saskatchewan. Call 306-334-2232, 306-332-7332, Balcarres. 780-612-8884.

BRIDGE CITY DRIVELINE specializing in 2018 SUNDOWNER Rancher 24’ stock traildrive shaft repair and custom build; in- er, 2 gates, #6105, $25,900. Shop online cluding aluminum, diff service and over- 24/7 at: 1-866-346-3148 haul. 306-933-4440, Saskatoon, SK

WRECKING LATE MODEL TRUCKS: 1/2, 3/4, 1 tons, 4x4’s, vans, SUV’s. Cummins, DELIVERY AVAILABLE ON ALL TRAILChev and Ford diesel motors. Jasper Auto ERS. Full line-up of Wilson Trailers also Parts, 1-800-294-4784 or 1-800-294-0687. available in BC! Call for more info on getting a trailer delivered to you! With almost WRECKING TRUCKS: All makes all 2 decades of Sales & Service, we will not models. Need parts? Call 306-821-0260 be undersold! Call 1-888-641-4508, Bassaor email: no, AB., Wrecking Dodge, Chev, GMC, Ford and others. Lots of 4x4 stuff, 1/2 ton - 3 ton, buses etc. and some cars. We ship by bus, mail, Loomis, Purolator. Lloydminster, SK. 24’ GOOSENECK 3-8,000 lb. axles, $7890; SASKATOON TRUCK PARTS CENTRE Bumper pull tandem lowboys: 18’, 16,000 Ltd. North Corman Industrial Park. lbs., $4750; 16’, 10,000 lbs., $3390; 16’, New and used parts available for 3 ton 7000 lbs., $2975, 8000 lb Skidsteer, $1990 direct. 1-888-792-6283. trucks all the way up to highway tractors, Factory for every make and model, no part too big or small. Our shop specializes in custom rebuilt differentials/transmissions and 1981 NEIL’S 61’ double drop flat deck, clutch installations. Engines are available, snap-off neck, 36’ working deck, $7000; both gas and diesel. Re-sale units are on 1998 Trailtech tandem 12’ sprayer trailer, the lot ready to go. We buy wrecks for $8000. Call 780-221-3980, Leduc, AB. parts, and sell for wrecks! For more info. call 306-668-5675 or 1-800-667-3023. BEHNKE DROP DECK semi style and pintle hitch sprayer trailers. Air ride, DL #914394 tandem and tridems. Contact SK: We know that farming is enough of a 306-398-8000; AB: 403-350-0336. gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express clas- 130 MISC. SEMI TRAILERS, flatdecks, sifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free lowbeds, dump trailers, jeeps, tankers, etc. number today. We have friendly staff ready Check for pictures and prices. 306-222-2413, Saskatoon, SK. to help. 1-800-667-7770.


VACUUM SEPTIC TRUCK: 1996 Mack tandem, 3000 gal. tank, hoist, rear open door, 1200 Fruitland pump, new tires, $38,000. Smith Ind. 306-373-7622, Saskatoon, SK.

AUTOSHIFT TRUCKS AVAILABLE: Boxed tandems and tractor units. Contact David 306-887-2094, 306-864-7055, Kinistino, FARM LOSSES FOR SALE: A longstanding farm has now ceased operations and has SK. DL #327784. substantial operating losses in a #’d comYEAR END GRAIN TRUCK CLEARANCE! pany available for purchase and utilization 2007 Mack 400 HP, Mack eng., AutoShift, by another farming operation. These lossA/T/C, new 20’ BH&T, new RR tires, es can be used to offset farm income 716,000 kms., exc shape, was $67,500, and/or farm sale capital gains, $97,500. NOW $63,500; 2007 IH 9200 ISX Cum- Phone 250-999-4777, mins, 430 HP, AutoShift, alum. wheels, new 20’ BH&T, fully loaded, 1M kms., real SUITE BUSINESS SERVICES: Helping nice shape, was $67,500, NOW $63,500; small businesses to start, grow and sell 2009 Mack CH613, 430HP Mack, 10 spd., their business. Small businesses for sale, 3 pedal AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T, alum. from $50,000 to $500,000. Phone or text wheels, 1.4M kms. has eng. bearing roll Bert, 306-664-BERT(2378). done, nice shape, was $69,500, NOW $65,500; 2007 Kenworth T600, C13 Cat BUSINESS FOR SALE, $120,000. Offers 425 HP, 13 spd., AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T, great growth opportunity in consumer and alum. wheels, new paint, 1.0M kms., excel- pet industry. Saskatoon, SK. Call Bert lent truck, was $71,500, NOW $67,500; 306-664-BERT(2378). 1996 Midland 24’ tandem grain pup, stiff pole, completely rebuilt, new paint, new WELDING AND MACHINE SHOP: Owner brakes, excellent tries, was $18,500, NOW wanting to retire after 38 years. Estab$16,500; 1999 IH 4700 S/A w/17’ steel lished clientele. Located in Maple Creek, flat deck, 230,000 kms., IH 7.3 diesel, 10 SK, close to Cypress Hills Park. Serious inspd., good tires, was $19,500, NOW quiries only. Phone Dale at 306-662-2727, $18,000; 2005 IH 9200 tractor, ISX 430 HP Cummins, 13 spd., alum. wheels, flat 306-662-7522, or 306-662-2398. top sleeper, good rubber, was $22,500, NOW $19,500. All trucks SK. safetied. SELLING DUE TO HEALTH: Industry leadTrades considered. Arborfield SK., Phone ing header loss shield. Price includes existMerv at 306-276-7518 res., 306-767-2616 ing inventory. Canadian and US patents good until 2032. Jig tables and templates. cell. DL #906768. Current owner will train in the manufacturALLISON AUTOMATIC TRUCKS: Several ing and marketing processes. This is a pertrucks with auto. trans. available with C&C fect diversification opportunity for a large or grain or gravel box. Starting at $19,900; family farm or a Hutterite colony. Call Bill Call K&L Equipment, 306-795-7779, Itu- at 306-726-7977, Southey, SK. na, SK. DL #910885.

ALLISON TRANSMISSION. Service, Sales and Parts. Exchange or rebuild. Call Allied Transmissions Calgary, 1-888-232-2203; Spectrum Industrial Automatics Ltd., Blackfalds, AB., call 1-877-321-7732.

D & S CUSTOM BLASTING, offering: Sandblasting, metal repair and painting services. Trailer repair. Tank coatings. Epoxy and enamel paint. Pick-up and delivery options. Call 306-295-7350, Eastend, SK. Email:

BY FAX: 306-653-8750

2001 FREIGHTLINER, AUTO shift with 2015 pup, both MB safetied Dec. 17. Truck has electric tarp, remote lift and end gate, new brakes & drums (fall 2016), all new tires (may 2017), 830,312 miles. Cancade pup used little, approx 2500 miles, manual tarp, remote tail gate and lift, spring ride. Both units come with hydraulic cross augers, $76,000. 204-648-3292, Dauphin, MB.

REGULATION DUGOUTS: 120x60x14’, $2000; 160x60x14’, $2950; 180x60x14’, $3450; 200x60x14’, $3950. Larger sizes avail. Travel incl. in SK. See us on FB at saskdugouts. 306-222-8054, Saskatoon SK

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2008 PETERBILT 386, yellow, daycab, 18 spd., 850,000 kms., 46k rears full locks, vg cond., $24,900. 780-206-1234, Barrhead.

MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at: BRUSH MULCHING. The fast, effective way to clear land. Four season service, competitive rates, 275 HP unit, also avail. trackhoe with thumb, multiple bucket attachments. Bury rock and brush piles and fence line clearing. Borysiuk Contracting Inc., Prince Albert, SK., 306-960-3804. NEUFELD ENT. CORRAL CLEANING, payloader, Bobcat with rubber tracks and vertical beater spreaders. Phone 306-220-5013, 306-467-5013, Hague, SK.

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1995 VOLVO, 350,000 original kms., 9500 hrs., wet kit, 370 HP, 13 spd., one owner, farmer owned, exc. cond., 780-206-1234. TWO 2004 PETERBILT 378's: Cat C-15 twin turbo 475 HP, Fuller 18 speed, new rubber and safety. 715,000 kms, $50,000. OBO. Call 403-899-0570, Strathmore, AB. or email:

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ALLIS HD16 PARTS for models: B, D, DP, A. Good stock, large variety. 306-873-5675 or ph/text 306-873-7506, Tisdale, SK. 2005 CAT 420 BACKHOE, 1310 original hrs., $58,000 OBO. Located near Medicine Hat, AB., 306-563-8482 MOVE YOUR DIRT real cheap! Low prices! (3) Cat 641 motor 28 yard scrapers; Cat 235 excavator w/digging bucket, not used in 5 yrs.; Cat D9-G hyd. dozer w/tow winch; (2) Cat 980B loaders w/bucket; Cat 977-K loader. Equipment of all types. New & used parts. 2 yards over 50 acres. Cambrian Equipment Sales, Winnipeg, MB. (Ph) 204-667-2867 or (Fax) 204-667-2932. INTERNATIONAL CLOSED DOOR baler, model NA1450; 2 hydraulic pin presses; 1 portable hydraulic track press; 3 Goodman battery locomotive carts w/hundreds of feet of track. Cambrian Equipment Sales, Winnipeg, MB. (Ph) 204-667-2867 or (Fax) 204-667-2932.

RECLAMATION CONTRACTORS: Bigham 3 and 4 leg mechanical trip 3 PTH Paratills in stock; Parts for Bigham & Tye paratills; 6 & 8 leg paratills available for farm use. 1-888-500-2646, Red Deer, AB. KELLO/ ROME/ TOWNER/ KEWANEE disc blades and bearings: 22” to 36” Ingersoll notched. Oilbath, regreaseable and ball bearings to service all makes of construction and ag. discs. 1-888-500-2646, 2006 KOMATSU D65 EX-15. Approx. 5950 org. hrs., 24” pads, straight tilt blade, 3 Red Deer, AB. tooth ripper, excellent working cond., very CLIFF’S USED CRAWLER PARTS. Some good UC, $139.500. Bush canopy available. older Cats, IH and Allis Chalmers. Trades considered (warranty). Can deliver. 780-755-2295, Edgerton, AB. Call 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB.



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VOLVO G970 GRADER for sale: The RM of Pense No.160 has for sale one 2012 Volvo G970 with 5345 hours, 14' Moldboard with LH & RH extensions, 20.5R25 tires with front and rear fenders. Complete warranty checkup done at 5344 hrs. Harness and Dozer along with double beacon not included and will be removed prior to sale, excellent condition, $130,000. 306-345-2424, Pense, SK.

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REMOTE CONTROL SWING AUGER movers, trailer chute openers, endgate and hoist systems, wireless full bin alarms, swing belt movers, wireless TractorCams, motorized utility carts. All shipped directly HORNOI LEASING NEW and used 20’ and to you. Safety, convenience, reliability. 9600 JD COMBINE w/PU table, 30’ JD 40’ sea cans for sale or rent. Call Kramble Industries at 306-933-2655, 9000 rigid header, batt reels, serious in306-757-2828, Regina, SK. quiries only. 306-460-9027, Flaxcombe, SK Saskatoon, SK. or NEVER CLIMB A BIN AGAIN! Full-bin Super Sensor, reliable hardwired with 2 year warranty; Magnetic Camera Pkg. - One man positioning of auger (even at night); Hopper Dropper - Unload your hopper bins without any mess; Wireless Magnetic LED Light - Position your swing auger at night from the comfort of your truck. Safety and convenience are the name of the game. Brownlees Trucking Inc KEHO/ GRAIN GUARD Aeration Sales Unity, SK., 306-228-2971, 1-877-228-5598 and Service. R.J. Electric, Avonlea, SK. Call MERIDIAN TRUCKLOADING AUGERS 306-868-2199 or cell 306-868-7738. TL10-39, loaded, $18,300 HD10-46, load$19,500; HD10-59, loaded, $20,425; KEHO/ GRAIN GUARD/ OPI STORMAX. ed, loaded with 37 EFI engine, For sales and service east central SK. and TL12-39, $20,370. 306-648-3622, Gravelbourg, SK. MB., call Gerald Shymko, Calder, SK., 306-742-4445 or toll free 1-888-674-5346. MERIDIAN AUGERS IN STOCK: swings, truck loading, Meridian SP movers. Call Hoffart Services Inc., Odessa, SK., 306-957-2033. RM45 MERIDIAN, $35,000; RM55 Meridian, $36,500; 1645 TL Convey-All, MERIDIAN GRAIN AUGERS available $29,500. Call 306-648-3622, Gravelbourg. with self-propelled mover kits and bin sweeps. Call Kevin’s Custom Ag in NipawBUILD YOUR OWN conveyors, 6”, 7”, 8” in, SK. Toll free 1-888-304-2837. and 10” end units available; Transfer conveyors and bag conveyors or will custom build. Call for prices. Master Industries Inc. Phone GRAIN HANDLING SYSTEM, 33,000 bu. w/ 1-866-567-3101, Loreburn, SK. overhead rail car loading bin, 100' scale, grain dryer, warehouse and office, $99,500. MLS® L121191, 780-835-1992, Grimshaw, AB. NH3 CONVERSION KIT/PUMP. Fits 66’ Bourgault air seeder, $13,000. Call Phil We know that farming is enough of a Stewart, 780-813-0131, Vermilion, AB. gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express clas2010 TERRAGATOR 8204 air spreader, sifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free dual bin, 70’ spread, 3960 engine hours, number today. We have friendly staff ready 204-368-2353, 204-841-3014, Arden, MB. to help. 1-800-667-7770.

JAYLOR TMR MIXER 5575, 16 months old, excellent condition, $32,000. Please call 204-526-0390, St. Alphonse, MB.

USED, REBUILT or NEW engines. Specializing in Cummins, have all makes, large inventory of parts, re-powering is our specialty. 1-877-557-3797, Ponoka, AB. DIESEL ENGINES, OVERHAUL kits and parts for most makes. Cat, CIH, Cummins, Detroit, Mack. M&M Equipment Ltd., Parts and Service phone: 306-543-8377, fax: 306-543-2111, Regina, SK. 290 CUMMINS, 350 Detroit, 671 Detroit, Series 60 cores. 306-539-4642, Regina, SK WANTED DIESEL CORES: ISX and N14 Cummins, C15 Cats, Detroits Ddec 3, 4, DD15. Can-Am Truck 1-800-938-3323. 3406B, N14, SERIES 60, running engines and parts. Call Yellowhead Traders, 306-896-2882, Churchbridge, SK.

2004 CIH 2388 w/2015 PU header, AFX rotor, lateral tilt feeder house, HHC, chopper, rock trap, grain tank ext., roll tarp, DMC II moisture tester, exc. cond, vg tires 2005 CATTLELAC 450 silage wagon, excel$65,000. 306-861-4592, Fillmore, SK. lent condition. $23,000. 780-349-1529, Westlock, AB. 2000 CIH 2388 w/1015 header, $55,000; 2004 2388 w/2015 PU header, $95,000; 2006 2388 w/2015 PU header, $110,000; 2002 2388 w/2015 PU header, $80,000; 2008 2588 w/2015 PU header, $135,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. NH SP240F 120’, 1200 gal. SS tank, BOOKING NORCAN SOYBEAN Common 2014 IV , AccuBoom, AutoBoom, Stk #1. Put the new big red in your shed, not IntelliView 024111, 1-888-905-7010, the seed dealers! Buy a bigger Case/IH Lloydminster.$299,000. combine! Early discounts. Call Norcan Seeds, 204-372-6552, Fisher Branch, MB.

2011 JD 9770 STS, 900 sep. hrs., duals, Michel’s electric topper cover, Sunnybrook concave’s, Redekopp chopper blades, Contour Master, shedded, Greenlight each year, 615 PU, loaded, excellent. First $228,000. 780-208-4808, Two Hills, AB.

CONTAINERS FOR SALE OR RENT: All STEEL CLADDING: New Grade A, 3/4” high sizes. Now in stock: 53’ steel and insulated rib, 29 gauge Galvalume, White-White and stainless steel. 306-861-1102 Radville, SK. a wide selection of colours for sale. Cut to your length! All accessories available. Call Prairie Steel, Clavet, SK. 1-888-398-7150, or email:

2014 VOLVO G970, $195,000. Please call 306-554-2202, Hanley, SK.

2011 JD 9770 STS, 615 PU, 850 sep. hrs., duals, Contour-Master, excellent condition, 306-493-7409, Delisle, SK. 1994 JD 9600 with 3900 threshing hrs., Sunnybrook cylinder, MAV chopper, new tires 5 years ago, asking $37,500; JD 930 rigid header including transport, $5000. Will sell both for $40,000. 306-989-4332, cell: 306-960-2160, Paddockwood, SK.

HEAVY DUTY WHEEL DOLLY. Change your sprayer tires in less than an hour! Over 250 units sold. Perfect tool for safely and quickly moving or changing large wheels and tires, $1499. Phone 403-892-3303, Carmangay, AB.,

2013 JD S680 SP, 814 sep. hrs., variable speed feeder house for corn head, lateral tilt feeder house, Y&M meters, power folding grain tank ext., 520/85 R42 duals, 28 R26 rears, AutoTrac ready (just need receiver), no DEF req'd, exc. cond. $320,000 OBO. 204-799-7417, 204-612-1734, Rosser, MB.

2010 JD 4830, 100’ booms, 1000 gal. tank, AutoSteer, Swath Pro, AutoBoom St: 021520, $215,000. 1-888-905-7010, Saskatoon, SK.

2010 JOHN DEERE 9870, 1568 eng, 1129 sep, 615 PU, 6.9m auger, fine cut chopper, Firestone tires, HD final drive, crop saver, Greenlight, exc. cond., $200,000 OBO. 306-231-7802 or 306-231-3944, Lake Lenore, SK.

CHIEF WESTLAND AND CARADON BIN extensions, sheets, stiffeners, etc. Now available. Call Bill 780-986-5548, Leduc, AB. BROCK (BUTLER) GRAIN BIN PARTS and accessories available at Rosler Construction. 306-933-0033, Saskatoon, SK. LIFETIME LID OPENERS. We are a stocking dealer for Boundary Trail Lifetime Lid Openers, 18” to 39”. Rosler Construction 2000 Inc., 306-933-0033, Saskatoon, SK.

DIAMOND CANVAS SHELTERS, sizes ranging from 15’ wide to 120’ wide, any length. Call Bill 780-986-5548, Leduc, AB. WOOD POST BUILDING packages or built on site. For early booking call 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website:

RECONDITIONED rigid and flex, most makes and sizes; also header transports. Ed Lorenz, 306-344-4811, Paradise Hill, SK

POLY GRAIN BINS, 40 to 150 bu. for grain INSULATED FARM SHOP packages or cleaning, feed, fertilizer and left over treatbuilt on site, for early booking call ed seed. Call 306-258-4422, Vonda, SK. 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website: BIN MOVING, all sizes up to 19’ diameter, WOOD POST BUILDING packages or built w/wo floors; Also move liquid fert. tanks. on site. For early booking call 306-629-3324, 306-741-9059, Morse, SK. 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website: BOOK NOW, TAKE DELIVERY, DON’T PAY UNTIL NOVEMBER, 2018. Top MERIDIAN bins. Price includes: STRAIGHT WALL BUILDING packages or quality ladders to ground, manhole, set-up built on site. For early booking call skid, and delivery within set radius. Meridian 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website: Hopper Combo SPECIAL: 5000 bu., $14,990. We manufacture superior quality hoppers and steel floors all makes and INSULATED FARM SHOP packages or sizes. Know what you arefor investing in. Call built on site, for early booking call and find out why our product quality and 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website: price well exceeds the competition. We also stock replacement lids for all makes & models of bins. Leasing available. Hoffart BEHLEN STEEL BUILDINGS, quonsets, Services Inc., 306-957-2033, Odessa, SK. convex and rigid frame straight walls, grain tanks, metal cladding, farm- com- FOR ALL YOUR grain storage, hopper mercial. Construction and concrete crews. cone and steel floor requirements contact: Guaranteed workmanship. Call your Saska- Kevin’s Custom Ag in Nipawin, SK. Toll toon and Northwest Behlen Distributor, free: 1-888-304-2837. Janzen Steel Buildings, 306-242-7767, Osler, SK.

Genuine OEM Replacement Parts

20’ AND 40’ SEA CONTAINERS, for sale in Calgary, AB. Phone 403-226-1722, 1-866-517-8335. 20’ TO 53’ CONTAINERS. New, used and modified. Available Winnipeg, MB; Regina and Saskatoon, SK. 306-933-0436. WINTER SPECIAL: All post & stud frame 20’ and 40’ SHIPPING CONTAINERS farm buildings. Choose sliding doors, over- and storage trailers. Large Sask. inventory. head doors or bi-fold doors. New-Tech Phone 1-800-843-3984 or 306-781-2600. Construction Ltd 306-220-2749, Hague, SK SHIPPING CONTAINERS FOR SALE. 20’AFAB INDUSTRIES POST frame buildings. 53’, delivery/ rental/ storage available. For For the customer that prefers quality. inventory and prices call: 306-262-2899, 1-888-816-AFAB (2322), Rocanville, SK. Saskatoon, SK.

2015 CASE/IH 4440 120’, AIM, AutoBoom, AccuBoom, Pro 700 Stk: 023153 $475,000. 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK.

2007 JD 4930, 3202 hours, $155,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2008 JD 4930, 2039 hours, $189,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406,

Kello-Bilt Industries Red Deer, AB 403-347-9598 Toll free: 1-877-613-9500

2013 JD 4730, 1864 hours, $236,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 1997 WILLMAR 6400, 3092 hrs., $23,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2013 JD 4930, 1700 hours, $299,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2010 JD 4930, 1400 hours, $237,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2003 APACHE 859, 90’, 2600 hrs., $72,500. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2015 JD R4045, 728 hours, $444,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2015 JD R4045, 617 hours, $447,300. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 1999 JD 4700, 3100 hrs, $97,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2013 JD 4730, 1555 hours, $238,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2013 JD 4730, 1164 hours, $248,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2013 NH GUARDIAN SP.240FXP, 100’, 1200 litre SS tank, IntelliView IV monitor, luxury cab, 6.7L Cummins, 275 HP, very low hrs (approx. 450), $300,000 OBO. 306-524-2109, 306-746-7422, Semans, SK

2011 ROGATOR 1396, 132’ alum. recirculating boom, 1300 SS tank, Raven Viper Pro, Raven SmarTrax steering w/slingshot, AccuBoom sec. control, AutoBoom height control, HID lighting, DeKoning air lift crop dividers, 2 sets of Michelin tires, 1 owner. PATZ PARTS FOR SALE: Over $50,000 new 204-937-3429, 204-937-7047, Roblin, MB. PATZ parts inventory being sold in one lot. 2005 SPRA-COUPE 7650, 90' boom, 725 Owner retiring. Selling below cost. Inter- gal., new tires, shedded, 3 way nozzle body, ested buyers may request a complete list $69,000 OBO. Eston, SK., 306-962-3934, by email, $50,000. Walkerton, ON. 306-962-7888,

Welcome to the new standard in flexible grain storage by the leader in grain bagging innovation.


2013 JD 4940 120’, BoomTrac, sect. control, AutoSteer, 2630 monitor, Stk: 02415, $240,000. 1-888-905-7010, Prince Albert, SK.

2008 MACDON FD70 35', JD adapter, single knife, transport, pea auger, AHHC, tilt, well 2013 JD 4830, 1324 hours, $274,000. maintained. 306-220-1229, Imperial, SK. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406,

HARVEY GJESDAL 5-IN-1 high capacity rotary seed cleaner, w/intake auger & extra screens, $9000. 780-338-2280, Berwyn AB PUMPS, PRESSURE WASHERS, Honda/Koshin pumps, 1-1/2” to 4”, Landa pressure CUSTOM COLOR SORTING chickpeas to washers, steam washers, parts washers. 2012 CASE 4530, 3-bin, 70’ booms, 2000 mustard. Cert. organic and conventional. M&M Equip. Ltd. Parts & Service, Regina, hrs., ext. warranty, $145,000; 2011 4520 306-741-3177, Swift Current, SK. SK. 306-543-8377, fax 306-543-2111. 1-bin, 70’ booms, $143,000; 2010 Case 3520, 3-bin, 2670 hrs., $115,000; SPE- SMALL 5 IN 1 Harvey Gjesdal grain cleanCIAL: 2010 Case 4520, 1-bin, 70’ booms, er, vg cond., good for small seeds, priced 1920 hrs., AutoSteer, $138,000; 2006 Case to sell! 306-654-7772, Saskatoon, SK. 4510, AutoSteer, FlexAir 70’ booms, 7400 hrs., $77,000; 2005 Case 4520 w/70’ Flex- GJESDAL 5 IN 1 Rotary Seed Cleaner, Air, 4000 hrs., $78,000; 2010 International good cond, hardly used, 306-867-8456, New Leader G4, 3000 hrs., $88,000; 2004 306-867-7719, Glenside, SK. Case 4010, 80’ SPRAYER, 7000 hrs., $58,000; 2002 Loral AirMax 1000, 70’ For all Kello-Bilt Models boom, $63,000; 2009 AgChem 3 wheeler, 4000 hrs., G-force spinner bed, $88,000; • Disc blades 2004 KBH Semi tender, self-contained, CONVEYAIR GRAIN VACS, parts, acces• Oil Bath Bearings $32,500; 2009 and 2012 Merritt semi belt sories. Call Bill 780-986-5548, Leduc, AB. tender, self-contained, $33,500 and • Scrapers $44,000; 24 ton Wilmar tender beds, • Hydraulics $18,500 ea; 2012 Wilmar Wrangler 4560, FEED BLOWER SYSTEMS, Sales and Serloader, 1600 hrs., bucket and fork, vice. Piping, blower and airlock repairs. • Wheel Hubs & Parts $29,500; 18,000 gal. NH3 holding tank, John Beukema 204-497-0029, Carman, MB We ship direct anywhere in $34,500. All USD prices. 406-576-3402 or 406-466-5356, Choteau, MT. Visit online: Western Canada Hit our readers where it counts… in the clas- WANTED: JD 7810 c/w FEL & 3-PTH; SP sifieds. Place your ad in the Alberta Farmer or PTO bale wagon; JD or IHC end wheel drills. Small square baler. 403-394-4401. Express classifed section. 1-800-667-7770.

STRAIGHT WALL BUILDING packages or built on site. For early booking call 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website:

1998 CASE/IH SPX3185 90’, 2 sets tires Stk: 017817, $79,000. 1-888-905-7010, Saskatoon, SK.

2013 JD 4940, 120’, 1500 eng, 380 tires & duals on rear, 1200 gal. stainless, all options, $219,000. 306-948-7223, Biggar, SK

RECONDITIONED COMBINE HEADERS. RIGID and flex, most makes and sizes; SEED CLEANERS MOUNTED on trailer. also header transports. Ed Lorenz, Clipper air screen, 6 indents, 45 KW gen- 306-344-4811, Paradise Hill, SK. or website: set, etc. 403-892-8377, Coalhurst, AB.

FARM AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL motor sales, service and parts. Also sale of, and repairs to, all makes and sizes of pumps and phase converters, etc. Tisdale Motor Rewinding 1984 Ltd., 306-873-2881, fax 306-873-4788, 1005A111th Ave., Tisdale, SK. Website:

ELECTRICAL EQUIPTMENT: 2 - Square D , 600 volt/600 amp, 3 phase, 4 wire, type 3R, outdoor disconnect switches (new); 2 Square D, 600 volt/100 amp, 3 phase, type 3R, outdoor disconnect switches (new); 1480' T&B alum. cable tray (new); 1240' royal grey 6" PVC conduit (new); 8 x 6" PVC, 90 degree bends (new), all for $17,500. 204-330-0623, Winnipeg, MB.

2010 TERRAGATOR 8204 w/AirMax Precision 2 bed (2 bin), 4400 hrs., $93,500 BEAVER CONTAINER SYSTEMS, new USD; 2014 Rogator 1300 AirMax, 60’ and used sea containers, all sizes. booms, 3220 hrs., $127,000; 2012 AgChem Rogator 1300, 2000 hrs., 120’ 306-220-1278, Saskatoon and Regina, SK. booms, $152,000. Call 406-576-3402 or 406-466-5356, Choteau, MT. Visit us online at Round up the cash! Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Alberta Farmer Express classifieds.

D8K CAT DIRT DOZER, 4 barrel ripper, undercarriage is 80-90%, excellent condition. 204-739-3494, Oak Point, MB. 2013 VOLVO G970, 4837 hrs., $150,000. 306-544-2202, Hanley, SK.

DI-ACRO HAND shear 36”x16 gauge & 24’’ BerkRoy finger break c/w HD cabinet on castors $2500. 204-800-1859, Winnipeg.

POLE BARNS, WOODSTEEL packages, hog, chicken and dairy barns. Construction and concrete crews available. Mel or Scott, MR Steel Construction, 306-978-0315, Hague, SK.


TRIPLE B WRECKING, wrecking tractors, combines, cults., drills, swathers, mixmills. etc. We buy equipment. 306-246-4260, 306-441-0655, Richard, SK.

FLOATER TIRES: Factory rims & tires: JD 4045, 710/60R46, $20,500; 800/55R46, $22,500; JD 4038, Case 4420, 650/65R38 Michelin tires and rims. Sprayer duals available. 306-697-2856, Grenfell, SK.

AGRA PARTS PLUS, parting older tractors, tillage, seeding, haying, along w/other Ag equipment. 3 miles NW of Battleford, SK. off #16 Hwy. Ph: 306-445-6769.


EXTRACTOR 1.866.497.5338 Farm Faster ®


REDUCED TO CLEAR, partial listing only, much, much more!! 1990 Ford HWY tractor with 50 T-winch, 3406 engine; 1985 Mack dump truck, 18’ box; 1985 Mack dump truck, 16’ box; 1985 IH S1900 12’ blade & 13’ box; 2-1986 Ford 9000 HWY tractor; 1986 GMC fuel tanker truck; 1986 GMC tandem dump truck; 2003 IH 4300 dump truck; 2006 GMC 1500 V6 ext. cab, only 40,000 miles; 2-FWD 4x4 trucks with snowblowers, gas & diesel engines; 3-Sicard 4x4 trucks with v-plow and side wing, NH 250 Cummins diesel; 4-Oshkosh 4x4 trucks with snow plows and side wing, auto trans., diesel; Ford 800 truck, diesel, with box; IH deck truck, crew cab, DT466 diesel; Full tandem, 8 1/2x16 1/2 deck, large; Fassi crane, rear hyd. winch; Ford 8000 tandem, with near new 140 Hiab crane; 1995 Ford flat deck truck, gas; 1979 IH Cargo Star 1950B with 15’ van, PT466, only 34,000 kms; 2-100’ ladder trucks; 10fire engines; Parting out over 25 graders, new and used parts, big discounts. 2 yards over 50 acres of dismantled equipment. Cambrian Equipment Sales, 494 Panet Road, Winnipeg, MB. Ph. 204-667-2867 or fax: 204-667-2932

LOEFFELHOLZ TRACTOR AND COMBINE Salvage, Cudworth, SK., 306-256-7107. 2009 SEED HAWK 66’, 12” spacing, single We sell new, used and remanufactured knife, only 1 season on new knives, 600 bu. TBH tank, 30.8 rear tires, always shedparts for most farm tractors and combines. ded, field ready, $160,000. 780-812-4471, COMB-TRAC SALVAGE. We sell new and Bonnyville, AB. used parts for most makes of tractors, combines, balers, mixmills and swathers. FLEXI-COIL 6000 seeder, 10” spacing, 306-997-2209, 1-877-318-2221, Borden, DS, needs some repairs; Also Flexi-Coil 4250 seed tank, as new, always shedded, SK. We buy machinery. 2 compartments. Will sell together or sepSMITH’S TRACTOR WRECKING. Huge arate. Offers. 780-349-2798, Westlock, AB. inventory new and used tractor parts. NEW EZEE-ON 7560, 40’, 10” spacings, 1-888-676-4847. 3 1/2” steel packers, dual wheel castors, air manifolds and hoses installed, $26,000. G.S. TRACTOR SALVAGE, JD tractors 403-350-9088, Red Deer, AB. only. Call 306-497-3535, Blaine Lake, SK. MOON HEAVY HAUL pulling air drills/ air DEUTZ TRACTOR SALVAGE: Used parts seeders, packer bars, Alberta and Sask. 30 for Deutz and Agco. Uncle Abe’s Tractor, years experience. Call Bob Davidson, 519-338-5769, fax 338-3963, Harriston ON Drumheller, AB. 403-823-0746.



2010 SEEDMASTER 72-12 72’, 12” space, 50 - 1444 DUTCH 2” carbide openers to fit JD 1910 air cart, 3-tank metering, Stk: Bourgault drills, used approx. 3000 acres, 020958, $132,000. 1-888-905-7010, Swift $50 each. 403-321-2105, Blackie, AB. Current, SK. 7 SERIES MORRIS, brand new HoneyBee 2009 SEED HAWK 72-12 72’, 12” sp., twin dead rod, needs shovels, $3500. Willing to wing, pneum. packers, 600 TBT cart, stk: trade for smaller 7 series Morris cultivator. 021477, $205,000. 888-905-7010, Prince 306-460-9027, Flaxcombe, SK. Albert, SK. 2006 BOURGAULT 5710 40’ 9.8” spacing, steel packers, 6200 Stk: 020500, Cart $60,000. or 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK. 2010 JOHN DEERE 1830 61’, 10” sp, DS dry, Poirier openers, Alpine liquid kit Stk: 023964, $67,500. 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK. 2010 CASE/IH ATX700 70’, rubber packers, high float tires, double shoot, Stk: 020407, $94,000. 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK. 2012 BOURGAULT 3320 QDA 66’, 10” sp., c/w L6550 tank, MRB, NH3 kit, duals Stk: 02317, $295,000. Call 1-888-905-7010, Saskatoon, SK. 2010 JOHN DEERE 1830 61’, 10” sp, DS dry, Poirier openers, Alpine liquid kit Stk: 023964, $67,500. 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK. 2012 BOURGAULT 3320 QDA 66’, 10” sp., c/w L6550 tank, MRB, NH3 kit, duals Stk: 02317, $295,000. Call 1-888-905-7010, Saskatoon, SK.

2017 JD 6155M: Beautiful loaded demo unit with only 99 hrs! Front fenders. 20/20 PowerQuad Plus w/shuttle lever and 40 km/h trans. 580/70R38 rear, 480/70R28 front tires. Front axle TLS suspension, 3 remotes, 663R loader w/grapple bucket and self leveling. 540/750/1000 RPM rear PTO w/fender controls. Rear TPH w/fender controls, A/C air suspended seat. $144,950 M5 MM DIESEL TRACTOR, runs good and OBO. Call 306-861-2500, Weyburn, SK. has good rubber, $2500. 306-395-2668, or Cell: 306-681-7610, Chaplin, SK. 2003 JD 9520 4WD, 7404 hrs., 450 HP, 4 hyds., PTO, AutoTrac ready, excellent cond., $170,000. 780-618-7377, St. Isidore, AB. 2016 CASE/IH STX 420, 4WD, 710/R42 Firestones, full AutoSteer, PTO, high capacity pump, 4 remotes, full LED light pkg. and deluxe cab, field ready, 410 hrs., $350,000. 403-901-5390, Strathmore, AB. 1983 MASSEY 4900, 23.1-34 duals in good shape, 100 hrs. on complete 903 motor 2015 CASE 580 QT, 1029 hrs., full load, (cost to rebuild eng. $18,000). New Turbo, ext. warranty, PTO, eng. brake, $420,000 starter & alternator. Low hrs. on rebuilt OBO. 403-575-5491, Coronation, AB. trans. and hyd. pump & fuel injection 1998 CIH 9380, 400 HP, 5400 hrs., 4 re- pump & nozzles, low hrs on front planetarmotes, aux. hyd. motor, triples, dry ies, good cab and paint. Clutch useable but weights front and back, $83,500. sometimes slips under heavy loads, otherwise excellent tractor, asking $25,000. 306-423-5476, Domremy, SK. 306-937-2795, Battleford, SK. WANTED: 970 OR 1070 CASE with powershift gone. Please call: 306-395-2668, or Cell: 306-681-7610, Chaplin, SK.

2006 BOURGAULT 5710 40’ 9.8” spacing, steel packers, 6200 Stk: 020500, Cart 1990 CASE/IH 9150, Outback AutoSteer & $60,000. or mapping, 8000 hrs., usually shedded, 1-888-905-7010, Swift Current, SK. $48,500. 306-567-8614, Davidson, SK. 2015 SEED HAWK 84-12 84’ 12” spacing, steel seed and fertilizer knives, Stk: 022334, $352,000. 1-888-905-7010, Saskatoon, SK. 2009 SEED HAWK 66-12 66’, 12” sp., single knife, pneum. pkrs, 30.8 rear tires, Stk: 021475, $205,000. 888-905-7010, Prince Albert, SK.

2013 SEED HAWK 60-12 60’, twin wing, semi pneumatic packers, DD, SH 800 TBH, Stk 017840, $335,000. Prince Albert, SK., 2012 CIH 500HD, 1915 hrs., 4 remotes, 1-888-905-7010. tow cable, luxury cab, red leather heated 2010 CASE/IH ATX700 70’, rubber pack- seats, 16 spd. PS, 57 GPM hyd. pump, 710 ers, high float tires, double shoot, Stk: tires, buddy seat, gd cond., $228,000 OBO. 020407, $94,000. 1-888-905-7010, Swift Ph/tx Brandon 306-577-5678, Carlyle, SK. Current, SK. 1989 CIH 9170, PS, AutoSteer, 8180 hrs., 2009 SEED HAWK 66-12 66’, 12” sp., sin- $46,000. Located near Minot, ND. Call gle knife, pneum. pkrs, 30.8 rear tires, Stk: 306-563-8482. 021475, $205,000. 888-905-7010, Prince 2001 MX120 w/loader; 2000 MX135; 2001 Albert, SK. MX170 w/loader; and 2003 MX255, MFWD 2013 SEED HAWK 60-12 60’, twin wing, w/loader. 204-522-6333, Melita, MB. semi pneumatic packers, DD, SH 800 TBH, Stk 017840, $335,000. Prince Albert, SK., 1-888-905-7010. 2001 JOHN DEERE 1820, 54’, 10” spacing, 3/4” Bourgault knives, 1900 340 bu. cart, $24,000 OBO. 306-291-9413 Aberdeen, SK 2010 JD 1830 drill, 61’ 10” spacing, w/430 bu. 1910 grain cart, duals, double shoot, $69,000 OBO. 306-552-4905, Eyebrow, SK. 2004 NH SD440 57’, 12” spacing, DS, Dutch side band openers, 4” rubber packers, SC430 NH tank, var. rate, 430 bu., $49,000. 306-861-0176, Yellow Grass, SK. 2013 CIH 450HD, 4WD, 1980 hrs., deluxe 2010 SEED HAWK 60’ Toolbar, 12” sp., cab, HID's, high capacity hyd., full factory w/Seed Hawk 400 cart, 2 fans, seed & fer- guidance w/372 receiver and Pro700 monitilizer distributing kit auger. Also NH kit & tor, 1000 PTO, 710 metrics, weight pkg., vg winch $175,000. 306-449-2255, A.E. Chi- cond., $230,000 OBO. Kelvington, SK., coine Farm Equipment Ltd., Storthoaks SK. 306-327-7527, 2010 BOURGAULT 3310 65’, Paralink, 12” spacing, mid row shank banding, double shoot, rear hitch, tandem axles, low acres, $135,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, STEIGER TRACTOR PARTS. New and 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. used, from radiator to drawpin, 1969 to 2011 SEED HAWK 50’ toolbar, 12” spac- 1999. Give us a call 1-800-982-1769 or ing, w/600 cart, dual wheels, auger and bag lift, $225,000; 2010 Seed Hawk 66’ toolbar, 12” spacing, w/400+ Seed Hawk seed cart, 2 fans, seed and fertilizer kit, also NH kit, $175,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm 1988 JD 4650, PS, 3 hyds., Greenlighted, like new rubber, hard to find one better! Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. $36,500. 403-504-9607, Medicine Hat, AB. FLEXI-COIL 5000, 39’, 9” spacing, like new 3” paired row DS dry, Atom jet knives, 4” JOHN DEERE 2130 yard tractor, all new steel packers w/extra set of spare packers, rubber all around, open station, $8500. good hoses and tires, field ready, $11,000. 306-726-8137, Cupar, SK. 306-795-7066, Ituna, SK. 3 SISTERS: JD 4000; JD 4010; JD 4020 33’ FLEXI-COIL, 550 shanks, 12” spacing, with identical cabs, restoration project DS, 1720 tank, Poirier boots, $2000 worth partially completed. Call or text cell of extra new boots, shedded, low acres. 306-741-1523, Pennant, SK. 306-877-2014, 306-745-7505, Dubuc, SK. RETIRED - SELLING: JD 4650, 8650 hrs., 2011 BOURGAULT 3310, 74’, 12” spacings, 15 speed PS, 3 hyds., 1000 PTO, 20.8Rx38 MRS, 6550 tank, X20 monitor, duals, bag rear duals, 14Lx16.1 front, tires are in very lift, 2 fans, 1 high capacity fan, cameras, good condition, 8’ blade, $37,000 OBO. Capstan NH3 kit, sectional control, 306-882-2358, Rosetown, SK. $165,000. 204-748-8156, Elkhorn, MB. REDUCED PRICE! 1983 JD 4450 MFWD 2015 BOURGAULT 60’ 3320 QDA, Devloo w/Ezee-On FEL 2130 grapple, 15 spd. PS, mud scrapers, DS, 5.4” semi-pneumatic 3 hyds., 7925 hrs. showing, 14.9-26F, packers, 10” spacing, Bourgault side band 20.8R32, duals available. 306-283-4747, boots, shedded, exc. cond., $165,000 OBO. 306-291-9395. Langham, SK. 204-937-7184, Roblin, MB. 2008 JOHN DEERE 9530 4WD, 2700 hrs., 800 metrics, powershift, good condition throughout, GPS ready, delivery can be arNH3 CONVERSION KIT/PUMP. Fits 66’ ranged, $198,000 OBO. Call Neil Bourgault air seeder, $13,000. Call Phil 306-231-8300, Humboldt, SK. Stewart, 780-813-0131, Vermilion, AB. 1993 JD 8870, 7305 hrs., 20.8x42 Firestone radials, LED lights all around, 12 speed, asking $65,000. 306-989-4332, cell: 306-960-2160, Paddockwood, SK. 2014 JOHN DEERE 7290R MFWD, IVT, duals, 2070 hours, $272,500. Call Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2009 SEEDMASTER 6912, expandable to 80’, 300 bu. on frame w/tracks; Bourgault 6550 tank, many extras, CTF ready. 780-206-1234, Barrhead, AB. 40’ BOURGAULT 36-42 AIR SEEDER, 8” spacing, with 3225 tank, QA, on row packers, $13,000. 306-567-8614, Davidson, SK. MORRIS 7180 air tank, new meter body on fert. tank, good hoses & recent loading auger, $5000. 306-276-7788, 306-769-8887 Arborfield, SK. 2008 BOURGAULT 6350, 2 fans, 3 TM, $46,000 OBO. Call 306-563-8482.

BOOK NORCAN SOYBEANS Common #1 so you keep more green. Buy a bigger JD with the savings! Early discounts. Norcan Seeds at 204-372-6552, Fisher Branch MB.

2012 JD 9560R, duals, PTO, 3007 hrs., $349,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2012 JD 9560R, duals, PTO, 2250 hrs., $360,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2010 JD 9430, duals, 2775 hrs., $258,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2013 JD 7200R MFWD, IVT, 3000 hrs., $177,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406, 2015 JD 9620R, duals, PTO, 814 hrs., $510,000. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 1-888-508-4406,

2017 DEMO 80’ Degelman landroller. Odessa Rockpicker Sales, 306-957-4403 or 2012 JD 9560R, duals, PTO, 3007 hrs., $354,900. Nelson Motors & Equipment, 306-536-5097, Odessa, SK. 1-888-508-4406, 2009 JOHN DEERE 9430, 4WD, 425 HP, 24 spd., 4 hyds., 710/70R42 duals, 4300 hrs., DEGELMAN 45’ LAND ROLLER, $33,900; original owner, nice condition, asking Flexi-Coil 3450 seeder, variable rate, $175,000. 306-725-4286, Bulyea, SK. $29,500; Hi Line 50’ jumbo heavy harrow, $28,700; Hi Line 60’ harrow packer, JD 8760, 7700 hrs., rebuilt eng., good rub$4500; Bourgault packer wheels, $100 ber, shedded, $60,000 OBO; JD 787 grain per foot; Brandt 15x45 conveyor, gas and tank $5500 OBO. 431-234-3118, Fertile SK elec., $24,500. Pro Ag Sales, call anytime JOHN DEERE 4650, 160 HP, 5200 original 306-441-2030, North Battleford, SK. hrs., 20.8x38 duals, insides near new, very JOHN DEERE 7000 8-row corn planter, clean solid tractor. Low hour value at $4500. 306-768-7726, Carrot River, SK. $25,000. 204-729-5162, Brandon, MB.

1997 NEW HOLLAND 9682, 5150 hrs., $67,500. 780-352-4911 or 780-361-7910, Wetaskiwin, AB. 2004 NH TJ375, 4 WD, 3980 hrs., deluxe cab, Goodyear 710/70R42 tires at 70%, 55GPM, 4 remotes, standard trans., HID lights, Outback AutoSteer w/STX monitor, always shedded, exc. cond., $152,000 OBO. 306-644-4703, Loreburn, SK.

LEON 700 FRONT END LOADER, with QA 7’ bucket, with mounts off 90 series Case tractor; 4 like new Blizzak winter tires, 245-70-17, Call 780-764-2152, or cell 780-718-0746, Hilliard, AB.

60’ EXCEL LAND ROLLER w/5 plex rollers, LEON 707 FRONT END LOADER, with 6’ great for following the land contour. Like bucket, $1750. Call 306-395-2668, or Cell: new, $60,000. Arborfield SK 306-276-7788 or 306-769-8887. Email: 306-681-7610, Chaplin, SK. 430 FARM AID MIXER wagon with poly Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad liner, new cylinders and new unloading in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting conveyor, exc. cond., shedded, reasonably for your call. 1-800-667-7770. priced. 204-981-7315, Marquette, MB.

Hit our readers where it counts… in the classifieds. Place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express classifed section. 1-800-667-7770.

GRATTON COULEE AGRI PARTS LTD. Your #1 place to purchase late model combine and tractor parts. Used, new and rebuilt. Toll free 888-327-6767. 1979 UNIMOG 406 Case MB4-94, 1400 hrs, 5600 mi, 20 spd. trans., disc brakes, front & rear 540-1000 PTO, high volume hyds., c/w Schmidt VF3C snowblower w/840 hrs. on OM352A turbo, 1600 tons/hr; Schmidt angled snowplow; Schmidt loader bucket; Case Extend-ahoe; and Case dozer blade. Will separate. Everything works great, $55,000 OBO complete. Call 204-748-2454, Virden, MB.

Big Tractor Parts, Inc. Geared For The Future


RED OR GREEN 1. 10-30% savings on new replacement parts for your Steiger drive train. 2.We rebuild axles, transmissions and dropboxes with ONE YEAR WARRANTY. 3.50% savings on used parts.




NEW AND USED GENERATORS: 500KW Caterpillar, Perkins, Cummins, Magnum In stock. Call 250-554-6661, Kamloops, BC. Email:

TUBING FROM 1-1/4” to 3-1/2”. Sucker rod 3/4”, 7/8” and 1”. Line pipe and Casing also available. Phone 1-800-661-7858 or 780-842-5705, Wainwright, AB.

DRILL STEM FOR SALE: 2-3/8” & 2-7/8” SUNFLOWER HARVEST SYSTEMS. Call available. 306-768-8555, Carrot River, SK. for literature. 1-800-735-5848. Lucke Mfg., WANTED: 4020 JOHN DEERE, powershift gas model. 403-823-1894, Drumheller, AB. PUMP MOTORS, propane & diesel, wheel 2006 CAT CHALLENGER MT845B, 5163 moves, all sizes of alum. pipe. Call Dennis WANTED: JD 540A line skidder, parts mahrs., Outback AutoSteer, Steinbauer modto discuss your needs! 403-308-1400, ule (500 HP), $95,000; 2008 MacDon D60 chine or good cond; 4-5’ skid steer mount, Taber, AB. header 25’, PU reel, dbl. knife dr., fore/aft, hyd. drive, rototiller. Call 780-349-6262, T AND L 12-tower 240 acre pivot, triple delivery, $21,000; 2009 Farm King or cell: 780-868-3361, Westlock, AB. 13”x70’ auger, reverser, hyd. winch, hyd. WANTED: 9030E OR 9030 bi-directional 403-362-9211, Bassano, AB. mover, full bin sensor, camera, $9000; tractor. 403-937-2123, Walsh, AB. WESTERN IRRIGATION: CADMAN Dealer. MacDon 973 39’, PU reel, transport wheels, fore and aft, headsight AutoHeight WANTED: JD 9660 Combine; 8’ metal We BUY and SELL traveling guns, pumps, control, c/w MacDon/NH adapter, break; Rubber tired hoe. 306-304-1959, pipes, etc.; EcoSmart water purification systems, no salt, no chemicals; Large sup$21,000. 403-665-2341, Craigmyle, AB. Meadow Lake, SK. ply of good used buyback centre pivots at ACREAGE EQUIPMENT: 3-PT. CULTI- WANTED: USED, BURNT, old or ugly trac- low prices. 306-867-9461, 306-867-7037, VATORS, Discs, Plows, Blades, Etc. tors. Newer models too! Smith’s Tractor Outlook, SK. Wrecking, 1-888-676-4847. 780-892-3092, Wabamun, AB. 7100 JD CORN PLANTER, 12 row, 24” WANTED: NH BALE WAGONS & retrievspacing, 3 point hitch, good shape. ers, any condition. Farm Equipment Finding Service, P.O. Box 1363, Polson, MT 306-236-5891, Meadow Lake, SK. 59860. 406-883-2118. FLAX STRAW BUNCHER and land levelers. Building now. Place orders and don’t delay! Also, selling a Case 400 tractor with FEL. MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. 306-957-4279, Odessa, SK. Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at:

Barb Wire & Electric High Tensile Smooth Wire


875 VERSATILE SERIES III, 20.8x387 duals, 3400 original hrs., ultra premium condition. Dozer also available. 403-823-1894, Drumheller, AB. 1984 VERS. 875 4WD, w/Atom Jet hyd. kit, $27,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment Ltd., 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK.

ODESSA ROCKPICKER SALES: New Degelman equipment, land rollers, Strawmaster, rockpickers, protill, dozer blades. 306-957-4403, 306-536-5097, Odessa, SK.

GUARANTEED PRESSURE TREATED fence posts, lumber slabs and rails. Call Lehner Wood Preservers Ltd., ask for Ron SPRUCE FOR SALE!! Beautiful locally 306-763-4232, Prince Albert, SK. grown trees. Plan ahead and renew your shelterbelt or landscape a new yardsite, get the year round protection you need. We sell on farm near Didsbury, AB. Also can deliver in Western Canada. 6 - 12’ spruce available. Now taking spring orders while supplies last. Phone 403-586-8733 or visit:


Roll up Silage Roll up & unroll lay Plastic & Grain OR flat plastic water Bags; hose (up to 6” diameter 11” flat) Features:

• Hydraulic Drive (roll or unroll); • Mounts to tractor draw bar, skidsteer, front end loader, post driver, 3 pt. hitch or deck truck (with receiver hitch & rear hydraulics); • Spool splits in half to remove full roll; • Shut off/Flow control valve determines speed;

Works great for ... • pulling out old wire (approx. 3 to 5 minutes to roll up 80 rod or ¼ mile) • Swath grazing or rotational grazing

The Level-Winder II

Rolls wire evenly across the full width of the spool automatically as the wire is pulled in!

16’ PEELED RAILS, 2-3” $4.50/ea., 125 per bundle; 3-4” $9.50/ea, 100 per bundle; 4-5” $11.50/ea, 75 per bundle. Vermette BUYING FINISHED BISON. Call or text Wood Preservers, Spruce Home, SK., Harmony Natural Bison, 306-736-3454,SE 1-800-667-0094, email: Sask. website: WANTED - Canadian Prairie Bison SOLIDLOCK AND TREE ISLAND game wire BISON looking to contract grain finished bison, and all accessories for installation. Heights is as well as calves and yearlings for growing from 26” to 120”. Ideal for elk, deer, bison, markets. Contact Roger Provencher at sheep, swine, cattle, etc. Tom Jensen 306-468-2316, ph/fax: 306-426-2305, Smeaton, SK. 25 - 2016 BISON HEIFERS, $3000 each. Phone Bill at Bill’s Bison Corp., 780-895-7588 (evenings), Lamont, AB. BLOCKED SEASONED JACK Pine firewood and wood chips for sale. Lehner Wood Pre- KEEP JOBS IN CANADA. Elk Valley servers Ltd., 306-763-4232, Prince Albert, Ranches a Canadian Co. finishes bison in SK. Will deliver. Self-unloading trailer. Canada. We are now buying cull cows, cull bulls, yearlings and calves. Paying top $$ CHEAP BULK BIRCH FIREWOOD: with prompt payment. Kitscoty, AB, Frank $160/cord, split & dry, 14-16” length, 1/2 at 780-846-2980. ton short box $80, 1/2 ton longbox, $100. Large orders welcome. We do not deliver. 306-961-3349, Prince Albert, SK. COMPLETE BISON COW herd dispersal SEASONED SPRUCE SLAB firewood, one Productive herd, culled annually, 125 cord bundles, $99, half cord bundles, $65. cows, 50 yearling heifers. Royal Black BiVolume discounts. Call V&R Sawing, son Ranch Inc. 306-441-7128, Paynton, SK 306-232-5488, Rosthern, SK. LOOKING FOR ALL classes of bison from calves, yearlings, cows and herd bulls. Phone Kevin at 306-539-4090 (cell) or 306-429-2029, Glenavon, SK. NILSSON BROS INC. buying finished bison on the rail, also cull cows at Lacombe, AB. For winter delivery and beyond. Smaller groups welcome. Fair, competitive and assured payment. Contact Richard Bintner 306-873-3184.

Call for Local Dealers in Sask., Alta. and B.C.

Central Alberta Machinery Sales & Service Ltd

QUILL CREEK BISON is looking for finished, and all other types of bison. COD, paying market prices. “Producers working with Producers.” Delivery points in SK. and MB. Call 306-231-9110, Quill Lake, SK.

Ken Lendvay 403-550-3313 Red Deer, Alberta e-mail:

BLOCKED & SEASONED PINE FIREWOOD: Round up the cash! Advertise your unwanted Bags $90. Delivery available. Vermette equipment in the Alberta Farmer Express Wood Preservers, Spruce Home, SK. classifieds. 1-800-667-0094, email: Website:

(403) 540-7691

25’ Heston PT Swather, bat reel, 540 PTO .................................................$3,000 25’ Case IH (MacDon) PT Swather, bat reel, 1,000 PTO ......................... $3,000 40’ Morris 3100 Hoe Drills, mover and hitch, nice shape .............................$10,000 560 Hesston Round Baler, 1,000 PTO ........................................................ $5,500 660 NH Round Baler, 540 pto, nice shape ......................................................$5,500 60’ S82 Flexcoil Harrow Draw Bar, 5 bar Bent, Nice shape..........................$5,250 44’ 820 F.C. Deep Till Air Seeder, 4 bar harrows ..............................................CALL 2320 F.C. TBH Air Tank, complete with 320 - 3rd tank ........................................CALL 41’ Flexicoil 300 B Chisel Plow, 3 bar harrows ..........................................$12,500 100’ 65XL Flexicoil Sprayer, complete with windguards, elec. end nozzles single tips, auto rate, excellent condition ..................................$12,500 29’ 225 DOW Kello- Bilt Tandem Disc, 28” smooth front & rear blades, 10.5” spacing, oil, bath bearings, as new ........................................................ $60,000 47’ 820 Flexicoil Chisel Plow, 4 bar harrow, low mileage.............................$67,500 HD8 - 1400 (46’) Sakundiak Grain Auger, 31 HP Vanguard engine, E-Kay mover, belt tightener, power steering, spout, 10 gallon fuel tank.....................................$11,500 13“ X 95’ FarmKing HydraulicSwing Auger, reverser, low proflie hopper, spout, full bin alarm, 1 season ...................................................................................................CALL New E-Kay 7”, 8”, 9”Bin Sweeps available.................................................CALL 3 Used E-Kay Bin Sweep Extensions ..............................................................CALL 8” Wheat Heart Transfer Auger, hydraulic drive, good condition .....................$1,000 New Outback S-Lite guidance ....................................................................$1,250 Factory Recon. Outback STS GPS and Mapping ........................................$2,250 New Outback STS Guidance, c/w E-Drive TC & VSI steering wheel ...................$7,000 New Outback STS Guidance, c/w E-Drive TC & hydraulic kit ............................$6,000 New STX Guidance, c/w E-Drive XD & hydraulic kit, 3 year ESP .........................$9,200 Used Outback E-Drive Hyd. kits .......................................................................$500 **Outback GPS Systems, E-Kay Custom Augers, Movers, Clutches, Bin Sweeps & Crop Divider Kohler, Vanguard, Robin Subaru Engines, Headsight Harvesting Solutions, Greentronics Sprayer Auto Boom Height, Kello-Bilt Discs**

WANTED: JD 540A line skidder, parts machine or good cond. Call 780-349-6262, or Cell: 780-868-3361, Westlock, AB. We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800-667-7770.

(11) 2015 CERTIFIED Bred Heifers. Nice group of heifers weighing 1150-1270 lbs. Bred to Irish Creek & XY bison bulls. Delivery available. 204-773-6725, Binscarth, MB.

canada’s ag-only listings giant PRINT | MOBILE | ONLINE

1-800-667-7770 |



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Harvest the incredible power of the sun and lower your operating cost. Solar Harvest designs and installs roof mounted or ground mounted solar systems. Homes, shops and barns are very wellsuited to take advantage of electricity produced from the sun.

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100 BLACK ANGUS heifers, bred to regis- COYOTE FLATS 3rd Annual Bull Sale, tered Black Angus bulls. Can winter and Monday, March 5th 1:00PM at the calve out. 306-322-7905, Archerwill, SK. farm, Coaldale, AB. 45 two year olds & 35 yearling Charolais bulls plus 40 Simmental cross Angus heifers with Charcross calves at side. Catalogue and videos online at: internet bidding at: Call Mark Lohues 403-634-2989.

BURNETT ANGUS 34TH Annual Bull Sale, Saturday, April 7, 2018, 2:00 PM, The Ranch, Swift Current, SK. 60 yearling bulls, many genetically developed for breeding heifers. Sires represented: Shipwheel Chinook, OCC Missing Link, Sooline Motive, Stevenson Rockmount, Bruiser, Optimum (Chisum son), Crowfoot Fred. Bryce 306-773-7065 or Wyatt 306-750-7822, PUREBRED BLACK ANGUS long yearling bulls, replacement heifers, AI service. Meadow Ridge Enterprises, 306-373-9140 or 306-270-6628, Saskatoon, SK. BLACK ANGUS BULLS on moderate growing ration, performance info available. Valleyhills Angus, Glaslyn, SK. Adrian or Brian and Elaine Edwards, 306-441-0946, 306-342-4407, BRED HEIFERS due to calve in April, bred to easy calving Angus bulls, preg checked. 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, Englefeld, SK. BLACK ANGUS BULLS, two year olds, semen tested, guaranteed breeders. Delivery available. 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, Englefeld, SK. SELLING: BLACK ANGUS BULLS. Wayside Angus, Henry and Bernie Jungwirth, 306-256-3607, Cudworth, SK. RED & BLACK Purebred yearling bulls, Contact Troy at L - Dee Stock Farms, 306-867-7719, Glenside, SK. 2 YEAR OLD Purebred Black Angus Bulls for sale, call David at: 306-963-7739 or Luke at: 306-370-6301, Imperial, SK. VIDEOS: WWW.DKFANGUS.CA Select now. Get later. Great selection. Superior quality. DKF Red And Black Angus bulls at DKF Ranch, anytime. Gladmar, SK. Scott Fettes 306-815-7023; Dwayne 306-969-4506. SOUTH VIEW RANCH has Black and Red Angus coming 2-year-old bulls for sale. Good selection. Call Shane 306-869-8074 or Keith 306-454-2730. Ceylon, SK.

“MUSCLE UP” at Stephen Charolais Bull Sale with guests DRD and Bar H Charolais, Friday, Feb. 16th, Whitewood, Livestock Sales, SK. On offer 47 two year old and yearling Full French, French Influence, purebred and Red Factor bulls. View catalogue online at: BRAUN RANCH Horned Hereford Bull Sale. Broadcast by: or call Kelly March 9, 1:00PM at the ranch, Simmie, SK. Stephen 306-435-7383. 20 two year olds bulls, 30 yearling bulls, 5 purebred open heifers, 25 commercial BLUE SKY CHAROLAIS offering: 2 year open heifers. View catalogue and sale old bulls, semen tested. March 5th at 1:00 videos on-line at: PM, Balog Auction Mart, Lethbridge, AB. Contact Craig Braun at 306-297-2132. We also have 40 yearling for sale at the ranch. Call John 306-672-6694 or Balog’s at 403-320-1980, POLLED PB YEARLING Charolais Bulls, performance and semen tested. Can keep until May, $3000-$4000. Charrow Charolais, Call Bill 306-387-8011, 780-872-1966, Marshall, SK.

(10) 2 YEAR OLD BLACK ANGUS bulls, se- COMING 2 YR. old polled PB Charolais men tested, guaranteed breeders. High bulls, some red factor. Call Kings Polled quality. Reasonably priced. B/B Duncan, Charolais, 306-435-7116, Rocanville, SK. Cromer, MB. Please call 204-556-2342, 204-748-2911 or 204-851-0306. 2 YEAR OLD & yearling bulls for sale, cow & heifer bulls available. Correct and growthy, GALLOWAY BULL SALE: March 5 to 8th. semen tested, ready to go. 780-853-3384, Russel Horvey, 403-749-2780, Delburne 780-853-2275, Vermilion, AB. AB, View on-line at: BLACK ANGUS BULLS, call 587-991-9526, Sherwood Park, AB. Pedigree, performance & ration data at: 2 YEAR OLD Angus Bulls, commercially oriented bulls built and selected for their environment. 306-577-9141, Wawota, SK.

HOWE RED ANGUS & Whitecap/Rosso Charolais 28th Annual Bull Sale. April 4th, 2018, 1:00PM at Howe farm, 8 miles South of Moose Jaw on #2 Hwy, 1.5 miles East on Baildon grid. Selling 45 yearling and 2 year old Red Angus; 50 two year old Charolais and 25 yearling Charolais. Contact Darwin 306-690-8916, Kelly 306-693-2163 or Mike 306-631-8779. Catalogue online at: REG. RED ANGUS bulls, calving ease, good weaning weights, no creep feed, quiet. Little de Ranch, 306-845-2406, Turtleford, SK RED ANGUS BULLS on moderate growing ration, performance info available. Valleyhills Angus, Glaslyn, SK. Adrian or Brian and Elaine Edwards, 306-441-0946, 306-342-4407, DOUBLE BAR D FARMS “Best of Both Worlds” Simmental & Simm/Angus Bull Sale, Tuesday February 27th, 1:00 PM at the farm in Grenfell, SK. 140 head sell including Fullbloods, Red & Black and Simm-Angus bulls selected from one of the largest herds in Canada. For more information contact Ken at 306-697-7204 or T Bar C Cattle Co. at 403-363-9973. Online catalogue at or visit: PL#116061

DAVIDSON GELBVIEH/ LONESOME DOVE RANCH 29th Annual Bull Sale, Saturday, March 3, 2018, 1:00 PM at their bull yards, Ponteix, SK. Complimentary lunch at 11:00 AM. Pre-sale viewing and hospitality, Friday, March 2nd. Selling 100+ purebred Gelbvieh yearling bulls, Red or Black. Performance and semen tested. Vernon and Eileen 306-625-3755, Ross and Tara 306-625-3513, Ponteix, SK. Bidding in person or on-line: View catalog and video on our websites: and GELBVIEH BULLS Reg. 2 yr. old and yearling polled bulls from our 39 year breeding program. Reds and blacks. 780-672-9950, Camrose, AB.

TWIN BRIDGE FARMS and Twin View Livestock 7th Gelbvieh Bull Sale, Monday, March 12th, 2018, 1:00 PM at the Silver Sage Community Corral in Brooks, AB. Selling 45 yearling Gelbvieh bulls. Red and black genetics on offer. Guest consignor Keriness Cattle Co. For information contact: Ron and Carol Birch 403-792-2123, BRED HEIFERS due to calve in April, bred Aaron Birch 403-485-5518, or Don Savage to easy calving Angus bulls, preg checked. Auctions 403-948-3520. View catalogue 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, Englefeld, online at Sale will be broadcast on Live Auctions.TV SK. RED ANGUS BULLS, two year olds, semen tested, guaranteed breeders. Delivery available. 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, Englefeld, SK. RED & BLACK Purebred yearling bulls, Contact Troy at L - Dee Stock Farms, 306-867-7719, Glenside, SK.

LABATTE SIMMENTALS & MEADOW ACRES FARMS 38th Annual Bull & Female Sale, Friday, March 2, 2018 at 1:00 PM, Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK., 4 miles west of Moose Jaw on TransCanada Highway. Offering: 100 Simmental beef bulls (50 Red Polled PB, 40 Black Polled PB, 6 Fullblood); 16 Red & Black open heifers. For catalogues and information, call Barry LaBatte at 306-815-7900 or 306-969-4820, Dustin Fornwald at 306-487-7510, Blair Fornwald at 306-487-7662 or Scott Johnstone at 306-693-4715. View catalogue online at: PL#914447 ROBB FARMS & HOEGL LIVESTOCK Bull Sale, Thursday, Feb. 22, 2018, 1:00PM MAST, Lloydminster Exhibition Grounds. On offer: 73 Red, Black & Fullblood quality Simmental bulls. Also 6 Red Angus. Bulls semen tested, fully guaranteed and delivered. For catalogue or more info call Jay 780-205-0816 or Murray 306-821-1205. Catalogue at: On-line bidding available at:

VIDEOS: WWW.DKFANGUS.CA Select now. Get later. Great selection. Superior quality. DKF Red And Black Angus bulls at DKF Ranch, anytime. Gladmar, SK. Scott Fettes 306-815-7023; Dwayne 306-969-4506. RED ANGUS BULLS: Pedigree, performance & ration data at: Call 587-991-9526. Sherwood Park, AB.

LEGACY CHAROLAIS with guest Bob Charolais Bull Sale, Sunday March 4th at the farm, Botha, AB. 65 yearling bulls with free delivery in Western Canada. Internet bidding available at: For info call Troy & Dianna Walgenbach 403-742-4265 or Bob Burla 250-517-8521 View the catalogue and videos online at:

BECK McCOY BULL SALE, Wednesday, February 28, 2018 at 2:00 PM, Beck Farms, Milestone, SK. 92 Charolais and Hereford bulls on offer. Wade 306-436-7458 or Chad 306-436-7300. Catalogue online at:

SVEN ROLLER MILLS. Built for over 40 years. PTO/elec. drive, 40 to 1000 bu./hr. Example: 300 bu./hr. unit costs $1/hr. to run. Rolls peas and all grains. We regroove and repair all makes of mills. Call Apollo Machine 306-242-9884, 1-877-255-0187.

SUNNY VALLEY SIMMENTALS 28th Annual Bull & Female Sale March 7th, 2018, 1:00 PM Saskatoon Livestock Sales. Saskatoon, SK. 45 Red/Black/Fullblood beef bulls and 10 heifers on offer. Semen tested & fully guaranteed. Free delivery, Sight unseen purchase program. View our catalogue and videos online at: 306-544-7633.

2007 WORKSTAR 7400 IHC feed truck, 7780 hrs. on the truck, bought new (Oct. 2008) c/w new Cattelac 600 mixer, excellent cond, $100,000. 306-672-7502 or 306-672-3516, Gull Lake, SK.

175 MAIN ST., PIERCELAND, SK. 60’x90’ commercial building, perfect for any business, $399,000. MLS®SK711082. Meadow North Realty: Call 306-236-4610, or email

STEEL VIEW MFG. Self-standing panels, windbreaks, silage/hay bunks, feeder panels, sucker rod fence posts. Custom orders. Call Shane 306-493-2300, Delisle, LOG SIDING, LOG cabin logs, Fir timbers, SK. Fir flooring, Cedar. Special orders. Check CATTLE SHELTER PACKAGES or built on out more info. at: site. For early booking call Lumby, BC., 1-800-960-3388. 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website:

CATTLE SHELTER PACKAGES or built on site. For early booking call LOG AND TIMBER HOMES, Saskatoon, ALBERTA TEXAS LONGHORN Association 1-800-667-4990 or visit our website: SK. Visit or call 306-222-6558. 780-387-4874, Leduc, AB. For more info. SUNDOG SOLAR WATER SYSTEMS, POLLED PB THICK Butt Salers age advanportable winter/summer. Call Shadow tage bulls, excellent disposition, tested. Ranch, 306-354-7500, Mossbank, SK. DynaRich Salers. Richard Andersen, 403-746-2919, Eckville, AB. WELSH BLACK- The Brood Cow Advantage. PAYSEN LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT INC. Check We manufacture an extensive line of cattle handling and feeding equipment including Canadian Welsh Black Soc. 403-442-4372. squeeze chutes, adj. width alleys, crowd- WWW.MEDALLION-HOMES.CA modular ing tubs, calf tip tables, maternity pens, homes/lake houses/RTM’s. Visit our sales SELLING FOR THE ESTATE of Harvey gates and panels, bale feeders, Bison lot, or check online for stock, homes and Blanchette. One 3 year old white bull, very equipment, Texas gates, steel water all other plans. Factory direct orders built sound and quiet. PB name is BMC11C, Sire BMV1274, Dam-uphill rose 6Z. CATTLEMENS FINANCIAL CORP. Programs troughs, rodeo equipment and garbage in- to your specs! Trade-ins welcome, buy and for cow/calf operators and feedlots, procinerators. Distributors for El-Toro electric sell used homes. Hwy 2 South, Prince Al306-342-4918, Glaslyn, SK. ceeds as you sell and equity draws. branders and twine cutters. Our squeeze bert, SK. Call 306-764-2121 or toll free 780-448-0033 or chutes and headgates are now avail. with a 1-800-249-3969. extender. Ph 306-796-4508, email: 100 BLACK ANGUS 3rd and 4th calvers; neck YELLOWHEAD MODULAR HOME SALES, 6 BLACK SIMMENTAL/ANGUS bulls, out of 250 Black & Red Angus 2nd calvers. Swift Web: Canadian built by Moduline. Last chance at Angus cows and a score black Simmental Current, SK. 306-773-1049, 306-741-6513. elite pricing: 960 sq. ft., 2 bdrm, 2 bath, sire, $3500. Call LV Ranch, Forestburg, AB. $79,900; 1216 sq. ft., 3 bdrm, 2 bath, 400 REPLACEMENT QUALITY heifers: 780-582-2254. $91,900; 1520 sq. ft., 3 or 4 bdrm, 2 bath, 800 lbs. by mid-March, You pick. Can feed $114,900. 306-496-7538, weekend calls. until grass time. Will finance feed and tle until they go. Trucking available. No TBA implants/ balance growing rations/ Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad complete vaccination program. Not asking in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting a fortune for these heifers, just a premium for your call. 1-800-667-7770. over market. Phone Blaine 306-621-9751 or Steve 306-621-2522, Yorkton, SK.

THE SOUTH SASK Simmental Annual Bull Sale, Monday March 12th, 1:00 PM, Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK. Selling 70 Red, Black Simmental and Red & Black Angus bulls. Wintering and delivery available. For more information or a catalogue call T Bar C Cattle Co. JEN-TY GELBVIEH ANNUAL BULL 306-220-5006 (PL#116061). View cataSALE, March 6th, 2018 at 1:00 PM, at the logue online at Medicine Hat Feeding Co., Medicine Hat, AB. On offer: Red and Black Purebred year- BLACK 2 YEAR OLD’s; Also Red, Black ling bulls. For more information or for a and fullblood yearling bulls. Moderate catalogue call 403-378-4898. View on-line: birth weights, excellent temperaments. All bulls sold private treaty. Call Bill or ia Peters, 306-237-9506, Perdue, SK.

18TH ANNUAL SASKATOON Gelbvieh Bull COMING YEAR OLD Charolais bulls for and Female Sale, Saturday, March 17, sale, wintering available. Call LVV Ranch 2018, Saskatoon Livestock Sales. Pre-sale viewing and customer appreciation Friday, Forestburg, AB. 780-582-2254. March 16, 2018. Gelbvieh bulls add WHITECAP/ROSSO CHAROLAIS and pounds at weaning, feed efficiency, and Howe Red Angus 28th Annual Bull superior maternal strength. Selling 35 Sale. April 4th, 2018, 1:00PM at Howe stout polled red and black yearling PB and farm, 8 miles South of Moose Jaw, on #2 balancer Gelbvieh bulls and select females. Hwy, 1.5 miles East on Baildon grid. Sell- Also new this year selling a select group of ing 50 two year old Charolais and 25 year- Angus bulls. Sale can be viewed online via ling Charolais, plus 45 yearling and 2 year DLMS. For more info. and catalogue: Darcy old Red Angus. Contact Darwin 306-865-2929 or 306-865-7859, or Darrell 306-690-8916, Kelly 306-693-2163 or 780-581-0077, or consultant Kirk Hurlburt Mike 306-631-8779. View catalogue and sales 306-222-8210. video at:

ASHWORTH FARM AND RANCH 15th Annual Bull Sale, Monday, March 5th, 1 PM at the farm. 8 miles South of Oungre, SK. Hwy. #35, 2-1/2 miles East. Offering 80 Red and Black Simmental bulls and Simm/Angus cross bulls. For catalogue or more information call Kelly Ashworth 306-456-2749, 306-861-2013 or Kyle at 306-861-9352. View catalogue on-line at:

2 ROUND BALE FEEDERS, $200/ea; 4 steel 10’ troughs, $200/ea; 1 steel calf self 50 BULLS. 5 Purebred Opens. 200+ feeder w/35 bu. hopper, $600; 1 cow lift, Open Replacements: Ranchmen's fits on FEL, $600; JD 22” roller mill, on Simmental Bull and Female Sale, Feb. 26, trailer, $500. 306-726-8137, Cupar, SK. FRESH AND SPRINGING heifers for sale. 2018, 1:00 PM, NCL 780-581-8328, VermilGREAT PYRENEES PUPS born to workCows and quota needed. We buy all class- lion, AB. ing parents. Vet checked, first shots, ready es of slaughter cattle-beef and dairy. R&F January 15th, $375/each. 403-308-4781, Livestock Inc. Bryce Fisher, Warman, SK. E-mail: Phone 306-239-2298, cell 306-221-2620.

TEN OPEN REPLACEMENT Charolais heifers. Wheatheart Charolais, 306-882-6444, or cell 306-831-9369, Rosetown, SK. GOOD SELECTION OF stout red and black Limousin bulls with good growth, disposiTAN, WHITE & RED Charolais Bulls, year- tions, calving ease. Qually-T Limousin, lings and 2 year olds, Wheatheart Charo- Rose Valley, SK. Call 306-322-7563 or lais, 306-882-6444, or cell 306-831-9369, 306-322-7554. Rosetown, SK. POLLED LIMOUSIN BULLS Yearling and 2 13th ANNUAL HEJ Charolais Bull Sale, year old bulls for sale by Private Treaty. Friday February 23, 2018, 1:00PM at the Harvey Tedford 306-634-8536 or Darryl Innisfail Auction Market. Offering 60 Red Tedford 306-634-4621, Estevan, SK. Factor, Black & White bulls. All bulls are vet inspected and semen tested. Contact the Rasmussen’s 403-227-2824 or T Bar C Cattle Co. 306-220-5006. For a catalogue or more information. View the catalogue RED POLL BULLS: Thank you to all our online at: buyers - recent and former. Due to health 2018 will be our last year offering BECK McCOY BULL SALE, Wednesday, issues, A limited number of yearling and February 28, 2018 at 2:00 PM, Beck Farms, bulls. 2-year-olds are available. Larry and Linda Milestone, SK. 92 Charolais and Here- Fleming 780-892-3447, Wabamun, AB. ford bulls on offer. Wade 306-436-7458 or Chad 306-436-7300. Catalogue online at: HORSESHOE E CHAROLAIS 20th Annual Bull Sale, Saturday March 10th at 2:00 PM. Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK. Selling 70 bulls including 16 two-yearolds. For catalogue contact Layne or Paula Evans at 306-252-2246 or go online at

IN PURSUIT OF PERFECTION BULL SALE at the Spring Creek Simmentals farm on March 8, 2018. 90 Red & Black Simmental, Red & Black Angus and hybrid bulls sell. We also have a select group of private treaty bulls, including some 2 year olds. Please call 306-435-7527, Moosomin, SK. Email: Visit online:

TOP QUALITY PB Red Factor 2 year old bulls, good disposition, great hair coats, guaranteed breeders, reasonably priced. Down payment will hold until spring; Dark red yearling bulls, off Crossroads Degree. Green Spruce Simmental, 306-467-4975, 306-467-7912, Duck Lake, SK. PHEASANTDALE CATTLE COMPANY 14th Annual Bull and Female Sale, Thursday March 1st, 1:00PM at the ranch, 22 kms east of Balcarres, SK. Offering 70 Red & Black PB and FB Simmental bulls, yearlings and extra age bulls, all polled. 10 open PB Simmental heifers. For more information call Lee Stilborn 306-335-7553, or 306-335-2828. View catalogue online at: Watch and bid online at: BULL SALE: BLACK & Red Simmental bulls for the purebred/commercial breeder. March 14, 2018, 2:00 PM, Innisfail Auction Mart, 403-922-6748 or 403-669-8938, Innisfail, AB.

85 BLACK BRED heifers, bred Black Angus, easy calving bulls, bulls out 60 days, start ROUND BALE FEEDERS built from 2 3/8 oil calving May 1st, all vaccinations & Ivomec, field pipe, single or double feeders. Will build to suit your needs. Will also build $2300. 306-283-4388, Saskatoon, SK. other livestock equipment. Can deliver. 100 PLUS OPEN replacement heifers, Red Call Frank, 306-640-5542, Rockglen, SK. Angus/Simm. cross. Home raised, full herd health program, no implants, no FREESTANDING PANELS: 30’ windbreak brands. Contact Brian at: 306-432-0001 or panels; 6-bar 24’ and 30’ panels; 10’, 20’ and 30’ feed troughs; Bale shredder bunks; David at: 306-723-4727, Cupar, SK. Silage bunks; Feeder panels; HD bale feeders; All metal 16’ and 24’ calf shelters. Will custom build. 306-424-2094, Kendal, SK.

HOME HARDWARE RTM Homes and Cottages. Phone 1-800-663-3350 or go online for floor plans and specs at: J&H HOMES: Western Canada’s most trusted RTM Home Builder since 1969. View at: 306-652-5322

WHEATHEART ENERGY EFFICIENT 200 head livestock waterers. CSA approved with stainless steel pans. Limited supply, $850. Call Dale at Mainway Farm Equipment, 306-567-3285 or 306-567-7299, Davidson 50 HOME BRED AND RAISED Sim/Angus bred heifers. Reds & Blacks, bred black. Bulls were put out on June 1st. Heifers have been pregnancy checked and received Ivomec as well as first shot of Scourbos, $2400 OBO. Call or text 306-269-9059, Parkman, SK.

BIG BOY CATTLE FEEDER, 6’ diameter wheel, holds 100 bu., tow it behind tractor or truck, $5600. 306-734-7721, Craik, SK.

NH 358 MIX MILL with PBF. Very hard to J&H HOMES: Save up to $10,000 on select find! Still on first corner of hammers, extra RTM showhomes. Limited time offer!! View screens, in very good condition, $8000. at: 306-652-5322. Call Randy at 204-729-5162, Brandon, MB. RTMS AND SITE built homes. Call 1-866-933-9595, or go online for pictures and pricing at: SIM/ANGUS COWS FOR SALE, bred Red & Black. Cows start calving March 10th. Re- WANTED: ANTIQUES & JUNK you want to ceived Ivomec and Scourbos. Call or text clear out. Almost anything in old buildings. RTMS AND SITE built homes. Call 1-866-933-9595, or go online for pictures Pay cash, will travel! 403-915-0447, S. AB. for pricing, 306-269-9059, Parkman, SK. and pricing at: 40 QUALITY PUREBRED Red & Black Angus bred heifers, $2500/ea. Spruce Acres, 306-272-4451, Foam Lake, SK. Breeding WANT THE ORGANIC ADVANTAGE? quality for 24 years. Contact an organic Agrologist at Pro-Cert TOP QUALITY HOME raised, preg. checked for information on organic farming: prosbred heifers. Vaccinated, Ivomec, bred to pects, transition, barriers, benefits, certificalving ease Black and Red Angus Bulls. cation and marketing. Call 306-382-1299, 5 ACRE FARM, fenced, 4 bedroom, home, Start calving mid March. 60 Black Angus Saskatoon, SK. or cabin, barns, fruit trees, river frontage, and 5 Red Angus cross. Winston Hougham, $329,000. 403-304-9665 msg., Slocan, BC. 306-344-4913, Frenchman Butte, SK. COMMON CERTIFIED ORGANIC Alfalfa (tap rooted), common cert. organic Red and common cert. organic Alsike Clover, SECTION OF LAND FOR SALE, includes WANTED: CULL COWS and bulls. For book- 50 lb. bags. 306-382-1299, Saskatoon, SK. modern bungalow w/3 bedrooms, top of ings call Kelly at Drake Meat Processors, line appliances, triple pane windows, CERTIFIED ORGANIC fall rye, buckwheat, the 306-363-2117 ext. 111, Drake, SK. wrap around cedar deck. Deep well canola and sweet clover seed for sale. Call and w/good flow, septic tank with out flow. Farming is enough of a gamble, advertise in 306-621-7310, Yorkton, SK. Large quonset, storage shed, and utility the Alberta Farmer Express classified section. WANTED: ORGANIC LENTILS, peas and building w/heat & power. 40 cleared and It’s a sure thing. 1-800-667-7770. chickpeas. Stonehenge Organics, Assini- seeded acres fenced for livestock, plank fencing, round pen, shelters and heated boia, SK., 306-640-8600, 306-640-8437. Ritchie auto water. Farm consists of 230 ac. of Alfalfa w/some Timothy. Rest of the land is partially cleared w/mature Birch HORSE AND TACK SALE, Northern Livestock Sales, Prince Albert, SK., Thursday, ARE YOU SINGLE and would rather be and Spruce. Backs onto Crown land w/lake. Hunters paradise, $1,600,000. April 19th, 6:00 PM. Call 306-763-8463. in love? Camelot Introductions has been Call 780-524-4173, Little Smoky, AB. successfully matching people for over 23 years. In-person interviews by Intuitive Matchmaker in MB and SK. Call 306-978HORSE COLLARS, all sizes, steel and alu- LOVE (5683), 204-257-LOVE (5683) minum horseshoes. We ship anywhere. ORGANIC LAND in MD of Mackenzie, north Keddie’s, 1-800-390-6924 or of Peace River: 1200 seeded ac., 1800 sq.ft house w/garage, 6800 sq.ft. shop, 60x120 cold storage, 100,000+ bu. grain storage, power, phone, natural gas, dugout, on school bus route. 780-928-2538 or canada’s ag-only listings giant 780-841-1180. WESTMAN HONEY BEE Nucs containing all of the essential components of the interior of a beehive. Bee Outfitters Winnipeg, 866-783-2240 ext. 228, or Westman Honey Bee Producers in Brandon 204-728-9129,


1-800-667-7770 |


GRAIN FARM FOR sale: 2862 +/- acres in a very nice block; mostly cultivated; only 60 kms. to Red Deer, AB. $16,000,000. John at Maxwell Capital Realty, 403-813-8006,



UP TO 350 ac. of grain land near Hudson Bay, SK., $1000/ac. 50 ac. green spruce timber w/sawmill, hydro & home on riverELK RANCH, TURN KEY OPERATION: bank, lots of snow and elk, 306-865-7469. Approx. 450 acres NE of Rimbey, AB. 380 acres are fenced & cross fenced with ap- LAND FOR SALE or rent by tender: RM of prox. 6 miles of 8’ wire, 7 waterers and 11 Loreburn, NE 11-27-06 W3, 160 acres & SE pens. Fully fenced hay yard. Certified stat- 11-27-06 W3, 140 acres. Tenders will be us on the National CWD program since accepted until Feb 28/18. Highest or any 2000. Full handling facility with hydraulic tender not necessarily be accepted. Mail squeeze. Living quarters in handling fa- tenders to: 20 Crocus Road, Moose Jaw, SK. cility, plus 2 walk-in freezers. 2 wells, 2 S6J 1B5, or email: septic systems. 2 gravel pits (royalty revenue $30,000/year) 1 that can be subdivid- LAND WANTED: TO rent or purchase in RM ed. Gas well lease with $5200/year reve- 218 and RM 248. Will pay premium for the nue, $1,950,000. Call Don 403-704-0492. right land. Call 306-726-8090, Cupar, SK. SUCCESSFUL MARKET GARDEN: 45 ac. with Email: equipment, buildings and 2 houses. Farmers market, wholesale and retail business. FARMLAND: 150 AC, RM of Moose Range, MLS® #L121179, $147,500. Beaverlodge, Smoky Burn, SE 01-51-09-W2, $275,000. AB., 780-835-1992, 306-209-7775 or

LAND FOR SALE in RM McCrainy SW 1/4 16-30-28-W2, gravel on adjacent 1/4. Bids close Feb. 18, 2018. 306-229-2181, Kenaston, SK. Email: RM OF TURTLE RIVER #469, 1/4 section for sale: SE 30-47-19-W3. Farmed until approx. 2007. Fenced w/horse shoe shaped creek running through. Has power. Close to Jackfish Lake, SK. 306-382-1384. DWEIN TRASK REALTY INC. Conquest: Full Section of mostly seeded grass with power and 3 dugouts, Sec 13-30-10 W3, $654,900; Hafford: Full quarter with approx. 140 cult. ac., SE 30-42-09 W3, priced to sell $117,900. Call Dwein 306-221-1035 320 ACRES, 10 miles south of Lajord, Regina heavy clay. Call Don at 306-789-2907. FOR RENT BY TENDER: RM of Nipawin, SK. #487, NE-14-49-15W2, NW-14-49-15W2, & SW-14-49-15W2, comprising of 472 cult. ac. There are no buildings on the land other than a house and barns on the 5 acre yard site. All of the land is currently farmed. Tenders are to be submitted in envelopes marked “Nipawin Tender”, to Dezarae Senft at Miller Thomson LLP, 600-2103 11th Ave., Regina, SK., S4P 3Z8, on or before noon on Fri., Feb. 23, 2018, and shall include: tender price, length of rental term, any other terms you are prepared to offer and a certified cheque/bank draft payable to “Miller Thomson LLP in trust” for 10% of the tender price (being 10% of the annual rent pmt. you are tendering). No conditional tenders will be accepted and the highest, or any tender, will not necessarily be accepted. Tenders will not be opened in public. The deposit of all unsuccessful tenderers will be returned by mail. The successful tenderer shall enter into a lease agreement on or before Mar. 16, 2018. The 10% deposit will constitute a deposit towards the first years rental payment. For further information, please contact Dezarae Senft, 306-347-8309.

FOR SALE BY TENDER: RM of Dauphin, Parcel #1, NE, NW, SE of 23-28-20, NE & SE 14-18-20, and NW 24-28-20. Approx. 690 cult. ac., 1664 sq. ft. house, 4 bedroom, 2 1/2 bath, farm buildings, 100,000 bu. of bin storage mostly on aeration, cattle facility. Parcel #2, SW 30-28-19, E 1/2 31-28-19, approx. 385 cult. ac. RM of Ethelbert, Parcel #3, NE 10-29-21, NE 9-29-21, NE 10-28-22, approx. 400 cult. ac. Parcel #4, NW 10-29-21, house & farm buildings. Parcel #3 & #4 could be sold together. Most of the acres that were seeded into canola for 2017 yielded 60+ bushels/acre. The land being offered for sale can also include two full lines of older farm machinery which is in very good condition. Highest or any tender may not necessarily be accepted. Tenders must be received in writing by 12 noon Feb. 26, 2018, to P.O. Box 44, Sifton, MB., R0L 1X0. For more info call 204-655-3458.



WANTED: PASTURE FOR 60 cow/calf pairs for summer 780-753-8650, Provost, AB.

QUARTER SECTION #1: SW-04-18-11 W2, RM of Indian Head #156; FVA 219,000. 2017 crop - 140 acres (Green peas 65 acres & Nexera canola 75 acres). 2017 taxes $1078.02; Quarter Section #2: NW-04-18-11 W2, RM of Indian Head #156; FVA 248,800. 2017 crop - 160 Acres Nexera Canola. 2017 Taxes $1224.72. Briercrest Farms Farm Equipment Auction, Saturday April 14th, 2018, Sintaluta, SK. For sale bill & photos visit: Info at 306-421-2928 or 306-487-7815, Mack Auction Co. PL 311962. Join us on FB! CROPLAND FOR SALE - 3 quarters in the RM of Big Stick #141: S1/2 of 29-14-27 W3; NE 1/4 of 29-14-27 W3. Approx. 460 acres of newer land, broke in 1990 & 1991. c/w 7 gas wells. Call 306-662-8650. 8500 ACRE RANCH in RM of Reno, all grass, lots of water. $474 per acre. 306-299-4445, NE & SE 1/2 Section of 35-48-24 W3. Premium crop land with 8 surface lease rights that pay approx. $25,000/year. North west of Maidstone, SK. Taking bids until March 1, 2018. Reply to

CERTIFIED #1 CDC Ruffian, AC Leggett & CDC Orrin. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CERTIFIED #1: SNOWBIRD. Call Lung CERT. CDC RUFFIAN, CDC Minstrel, AC Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. Morgan. Van Burck Seeds, Star City, SK CERT. NSC StarCity, NSC Leroy Soybeans. 306-863-4377. Van Burck Seeds, Star City, SK. CERTIFIED Camden, Morgan, Baler and 306-863-4377. Haymaker. Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, CERTIFIED Snowbird fababeans & AmarilMelfort, SK. lo Peas. Call Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, Melfort, SK. CERTIFIED #1, high germ: CS Camden, CDC Ruffian, CDC Morrison. Seed Source, CERTIFIED CDC Blackstrap, earliest black Archerwill, SK., 306-323-4402. bean, direct harvest, high yield, excellent disease pkg.; CDC Super Jet & CDC Jet also available. Martens Charolais & Seed, 204-534-8370, Boissevain, MB. SY ROWYN CPSR, Cert. top quality seed, high yielder with vg protein. All inquires welcome. Volume discounts. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd., North Battleford, SK., cell 306-441-7851 or 306-445-5516. Email

Prime Manitoba farmland in the heart of the Canadian prairie. For more info and tender details:

WANTED TO RENT pasture in AB or SK. For min. 40 or max. 150 pairs. Prefer supervised. 403-634-1642. - 90 2018.

DWEIN TRASK REALTY INC. Conquest: Full section of mostly seeded grass with power and 3 dugouts, Sec 13-30-10 W3, $654,900. Call Dwein 306-221-1035. MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at:

LOOKING FOR PASTURE, hay, and cultivated quarters to rent or buy NE of Southey, SK. Needing pasture this summer, can haul. 403-485-1324,

ACREAGE FOR SALE: 2 storey, 4 bed, 2.5 baths, 18.48 acres 10 min. NW of Airdrie, AB., Contact Azmy Yacoub, Real Estate Professional Inc., 403-399-2227 3.3 ACRES ON 2 titled lots along the beautiful Beaver River in Beauval, SK. House and numerous outbuildings, asking $360,000. Email: 306-288-7791

2008 KUBOTA 900 RTV, diesel, heated cab, 4x4, power steering, hyd. dump box, low medium high trans., 2150 hrs., excellent condition. 780-545-5353, Bonnyville, AB.

Now Agents For:

AAC BRANDON CWRS, Cert. top quality seed, very high yielder and protein. Highly recommended by growers. All inquiries welcome. Volume discounts. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd., North Battleford, SK., cell 306-441-7851, 306-445-5516 or email: AAC ELIE, CWRS, CERT. top quality seed, sister wheat to AAC Brandon. Very high yielder with high protein. Positive reviews from growers. All inquires welcome. Volume discounts. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, AAC SYNERGY, Cert. top quality seed. North Battleford, SK., cell 306-441-7851, Very high yielder, gaining acceptance with 306-445-5516. maltsters. Contracts available. Inquiries welcome. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North REGISTERED/CERTIFIED #1: CDC LandBattleford, SK., cell 306-441-7851 or mark, AAC Brandon, AAC Jatharia, Cardale, CDC Utmost. Ardell Seeds, 306-668-4415, 306-445-5516. Vanscoy, SK. CDC COPELAND, Fdn., Reg., Cert. top quality seed. Widely accepted malt variety. CDC LANDMARK VB, AAC BRANDON, Inquiries welcome. Volume discounts. AAC PREVAIL VB, top quality. Wiens Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, Seed Farm 306-377-2002, Herschel, SK. SK., cell 306-441-7851 or 306-445-5516. AAC JATHARIA VB, certified #1, 99% germ., 306-493-7409, Delisle, SK. CERTIFIED CDC Copeland, AC Metcalfe, AAC Synergy. Fraser Farms, Pambrun, SK, NEW CERTIFIED CDC LANDMARK VB; AC Andrew soft white, very good quality. 306-741-0475, 306-843-2934, Wilkie, SK. CERTIFIED #1: CDC Copeland, AAC Synergy, CDC Maverick, CDC Austenson, AC EXCELLENT QUALITY Cert. #1, CWRS: Ranger. Ardell Seeds Ltd., 306-668-4415, CDC Landmark VB, AAC Viewfield, AAC Brandon, AAC Cameron VB, AAC Elie, CarVanscoy, SK. dale, CDC Utmost VB, AAC Connery & AAC AC METCALFE, CDC COPELAND, CDC Redberry. Frederick Seeds, 306-287-3977, POLAR STAR, top quality. Wiens Seed Watson, SK. Farm 306-377-2002, Herschel, SK. NEW WHEAT KING! Certified #1 AAC TOP QUALITY CERT. #1 CDC Copeland, Brandon, 98% germ. Nakonechny AC Metcalfe, Newdale. Frederick Seeds, Seeds, 306-932-4409, Ruthilda, SK. 306-287-3977, Watson, SK. AC VESPER VB, WASKADA. Fdn., reg., CERTIFIED #1: CDC COPELAND, AC Met- cert. #1. High yielders, good protein, excalfe, CDC Polarstar, AAC Connect, CDC cellent quality! Nakonechny Seeds, Fraser. Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, 306-932-4409, Ruthilda, SK. Lake Lenore, SK. CERTIFIED #1: AAC Brandon, AAC CameCERTIFIED CDC MAVERICK. Hickseeds ron VB & Carberry. Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-354-7998 (Barry) or 306-229-9517 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. (Dale), Mossbank, SK. CERTIFIED # 1 AAC Jatharia VB wheat, CERTIFIED #1 CDC Austenson, Ennis new. Midge tolerant. Shewchuk Seeds, Seeds, 306-429-2793, Glenavon, SK. 306-290-7816, Blaine Lake, SK. CERT. #1 Copeland: 94% germ., 95% vig- Cert. CDC LANDMARK VB: high yielding, or, 48.3 TKW, 100% Copeland. Sandercock midge resistance, semi-dwarf, 99% germ., Seed Farm, 306-334-2958, Balcarres, SK. 0% disease. Printz Family Seeds, GravelCERTIFIED #1 Metcalf(2R) & Legacy(6R). bourg, SK., 306-648-3511, 306-380-7769. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CERTIFIED #1 CARBERRY, Ennis Seeds, CERTIFIED AC Metcalfe, AC Newdale, CDC 306-429-2793, Glenavon, SK. Copeland, Legacy, CDC Austenson, CDC Maverick, CDC McGwire. Van Burck CERTIFIED #1 AAC Brandon: 99% germ., Seeds, Star City, SK 306-863-4377. 99% vigor, 38.58 TKW. Sandercock Seed Farm, 306-334-2958, Balcarres, SK.

CERTIFIED CDC Copeland & AC Metcalf. 4 WHEEL BOMBARDIER Rotex, 250 hrs, Call Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, Melfort, like new, $4000; Wanted: 14’ bumper hitch SK. dump trailer. 306-304-1959, Goodsoil, SK. CERTIFIED CDC Austenson & Maverick barley. Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, Round up the cash! Advertise your unwanted feed equipment in the Alberta Farmer Express Melfort, SK. classifieds. CERTIFIED # 1, high germ: AC Metcalfe, CDC Copeland. Seed Source, Archerwill, SK., 306-323-4402.

BY TENDER Approx. 300 total cult. ac.: SE 12-27-11 W3, approx 150 ac.; NE 1-27-11 2012 ZINGER 260BH, 1 slide, air condiW3, approx. 150 ac. Highest or any Tender tioning, excellent condition, $19,500. not necessarily accepted. Submit tenders 306-567-8614, Davidson, SK. to Mike Bogner, Box 173 Dinsmore, SK. S0L 0T0. Tenders close Feb 21, 2018.

GRAIN LAND TO RENT, 35 mile radius of Rouleau, SK. Call 306-776-2600 or email:

CERT. AC METCALFE, 99% germ., 96% vigor, 0% smut, 0% fus., 49.4 kernel weight, will be cleaning late Jan. $8.25/bu. Olynick Seeds, 306-338-8078, Quill Lake, SK.

MINIMIZE INPUT COSTS & maximize yield potential. Grain & grazing/silage corn. The leader’s in non-GMO technology. A more sustainable way of farming! Free delivery. Call De Dell Seeds Inc. 204-268-5224.

CDC Inca Yellow Pea CDC Proclaim Red Lentil CDC Palmer Chickpea ALso: AAC Lacombe Yellow Pea CDC Precision Durum Guttino and KWs Daniello Hybrid Fall Ryes and so much more! Phone: 403-715-9771



CERTIFIED #1: CDC Calvi & CDC Cibo. Call Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. Go public with an ad in the Alberta Farmer Express classifieds.

CDC CIBO, CDC CALVI, top quality. Wiens Seed Farm 306-377-2002, Herschel, SK. COVER CROP SEED, Full selection of cover crops to fit your needs. Retails across the Prairies, 306-744-2332, Saltcoats, SK. CERTIFIED SOYBEAN SEED: Mahony R2, Foote R2, Barron R2X. SoyRhizo & Hibrix on seed. Primo GX2 granular. 306-744-2332, Saltcoats, SK.

TREATED OAT SEED for sale: Souris and Morgan, treated with Raxil Pro. Call Justin 306-469-0105, Big River, SK.

TOP QUALITY ALFALFA, variety of grasses and custom blends, farmer to farmer. Gary Waterhouse 306-874-5684, Naicam, SK. COMMON CERTIFIED ORGANIC Alfalfa (tap rooted), common cert. organic Red and common cert. organic Alsike Clover, 50 lb. bags. 306-382-1299, Saskatoon, SK.

LOOKING FOR OLD and new crop soybeans FOB Western Canada. Licence and bonded grain company. Call, email, text Now for competitive pricing at the farm! Market Place Commodities Ltd, accurate real time marketing. 403-394-1711, 403-315-3930.

MARROWFAT PEA SEED (common) for sale, 91% germ. Call or text for details. 403-528-0085, Medicine Hat, AB. GLYPHOSATE 1 SOYBEANS: Top yields, delivered. Common #1. Keep your own seed! Call Norcan Seeds, 204-372-6552, 204-739-3519. Fisher Branch, MB.

COVER CROPS. HICKSEED LTD., Mossbank, SK. Now has on the floor for organic plowdown: Daikon radish (zero till); Hairy Vetch; Austrian Winter peas; Buckwheat; Yellow Blossom sweet clover. Also, green feed blends available. For all your seed needs call Hickseed Ltd. Barry 306-354-7998 or Dale 306-229-9517 ITCHY VARIETY CANARY SEED, high germ, 35¢/lb. 306-335-2777, Lemberg, SK

We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free today. We have friendly staff ready CERT. CDC GREENSTAR, CDC Impulse, number CDC Proclaim, CDC Maxim, CDC Redmoon. to help. 1-800-667-7770. 98% germ, 0% disease. Fraser Farms, Pambrun, SK. 306-741-0475. CDC IMPULSE, CDC PROCLAIM, CDC MAXIM(small reds), top quality. Wiens Seed Farm 306-377-2002, Herschel, SK. CERT. CDC IMPULSE Clearfield red lentil, WANTED HEATED CANOLA. No broker best in it’s class. 306-843-2934, Wilkie, SK. involved. Sell direct to crushing plant. Cash on delivery or pickup. 306-228-7306 CDC PROCLAIM CL, new Red. 100% or 306-228-7325, no texts. Unity, SK. germ., 0% ascochyta. Nakonechny WHY NOT KEEP MARKETING SIMPLE? Seeds, 306-932-4409, Ruthilda, SK. You are selling feed grains. We are CDC MARBLE, reg. #1, 99% germ., exc. buying feed grains. Also buying chickquality! Limited supply. Nakonechny peas, lentils and golden flax. Fast paySeeds, 306-932-4409, Ruthilda,SK. ment, with prompt pickup, true price disCERTIFIED #1 CDC Impala (small red) covery. Call Jim Beusekom, Allen Pirness, Clearfield. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, David Lea, Vera Buziak or Matt Beusekom at Market Place Commodities Ltd., LethTisdale, SK. bridge, AB. Phone 1-866-512-1711. Email CERT. CDC PROCLAIM CL Red, high yield- or ing, exc. quality. Call Myles, 306-648-8337, VAN RAAY PASKAL Farms in Iron Springs Gravelbourg, SK. area is looking for Feed Barley. Put more $$$ in your pocket and sell direct to us with no brokerage fee. Call 403-330-9147.

GREEN PEAS, yellow pea prices down, try new green pea varieties! CDC Limerick, CDC Greenwater & CDC Spruce. Select, Fdn., Reg. and Cert. Ask about CDC Forest. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., cell 306-441-7851 or 306-445-5516. CERTIFIED CDC INCA & CDC Greenwater, Exc. germ. & disease. Fraser Farms, Pambrun, SK, 306-741-0475. REGISTERED/CERTIFIED #1: AAC Ardill, CERTIFIED #1 CDC Landmark VB, CDC CDC Inca, CDC Spectrum, CDC Limerick Plentiful, Cardale, Elgin ND, Goodeve VB, (green), CDC Proclaim Lentil (red). Ardell Seeds Ltd., 306-668-4415, Vanscoy, SK. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CERTIFIED CARDALE, AAC Redwater, CDC ABARTH, CDC SPECTRUM, AAC Carver Utmost VB, CDC Landmark VB, Pasteur. certified yellow peas, very good quality. Van Burck Seeds, 306-863-4377, Star 306-843-2934, Wilkie, SK. City, SK. CDC AMARILLO, CDC INCA, certified CERTIFIED CDC Landmark, AAC Cameron, #1, excellent quality! Nakonechny Jatharia, Brandon CWRS wheat. Contact Seeds, 306-932-4409, Ruthilda, SK. Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, Melfort, SK. CERTIFIED #1: CDC Limerick. Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. CERT. # 1, high germ: CDC Landmark VB, CERTIFIED AAC ARDILL yellow peas. AAC Cameron VB, AAC Jatharia VB, CDC Call Hickseeds 306-354-7998 (Barry) or Utmost VB, AAC Brandon. Seed Source 306-229-9517 (Dale), Mossbank, SK. Archerwill, SK. 306-323-4402. CERTIFIED #1 CDC Spectrum, CDC Acer (Maple), CDC Amarillo and CDC Meadow. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. TOP QUALITY CERTIFIED alfalfa and grass CERTIFIED CDC AMARILLO. Van Burck seed. Call Gary or Janice Waterhouse Seeds, Star City, SK. 306-863-4377. 306-874-5684, Naicam, SK.

3 QUARTERS of FARMLAND for sale in RM of Fillmore, SK: NE 28-12-10 W2 (160 acres of summer fallow); NW 27-12-10 W2 (160 acres stubble); NE 27-12-10 W2 (100 acres stubble + 40 acres of seeded grass). Call 306-722-7439.

RV SHOW SPECIAL! 2017 Ace 27.2 FOR RENT: ALL of Section 23-23-27 W2, in #H0A07707, $99,900. 1-844-488-3142 or RM of Craik #222. Call 306-734-2997. shop online 24/7 at:

TOP YIELDING CANOLA from Canterra Seeds. Check out yields in the seed guide and purchase from Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. HYBRID AND OPEN-POLLINATED canola varieties. Certified #1 Synergy (Polish), Dekalb & Rugby. Phone Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK.

CERT. FDN, REG. CDC Precision; CDC Alloy; AAC Spitfire; Transcend. Exc. germ., 0% fusarium. Fraser Farms 306-741-0475, CLASS B MERCEDES Roadtrek van, out- Pambrun, SK. CDC GLAS, Reg., Cert., top quality seed. standing value & quality! 1-866-346-3148 High yield, exc. standability, easy to harShop online 24/7 at: AAC SPITFIRE, TRANSCEND, top vest. Great reviews from customers. Inquality. Wiens Seed Farm 306-377-2002, quiries welcome. Gregoire Seed Farms Herschel, SK. Ltd., North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851 or 306-445-5516. CERTIFIED TRANSCEND, very good 2008 BEARCAT, 570 fan cooled, 20x156” track, 800 miles, nice shape, $5000. Call quality. Call 306-843-2934, Wilkie, SK. CERT. CDC Sanctuary, CDC Sorrel, CDC Bethune, AAC Bravo. Fraser Farms, Pambrun, Rick, 306-734-7721, Craik, SK. SK, 306-741-0475, CERTIFIED AAC SPITFIRE, excellent germ and vigour, 0% fus gram. Call Myles, CERTIFIED #1: CDC Glas & CDC Bethune. Call Lung Seeds Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake 306-648-8337, Gravelbourg, SK. Lenore, SK. CERTIFIED # 1 CDC GLAS - The variety to grow! Top yield, excellent lodging resisFROESE SEEDS SUITE Accommodation REGISTERED/CERTIFIED #1: Summit tance. 306-290-7816, Blaine Lake, SK. available in Saskatoon. Rent the entire 3 Leggett, CDC Haymaker (Forage). Ardell CERT. #1 BETHUNE, 98% germ., 95% vigbdrm suite or an individual room for your Seeds Ltd., 306-668-4415, Vanscoy, SK. or. Sandercock Seed Farm, Balcarres SK., next stay. Please visit our website or 306-334-2958. contact for more info. Starting at $75 per CDC NORSEMAN, CERTIFIED #1, 99% CERTIFIED #1 CDC Sorrel, AAC Bravo. night. Call 306-343-6586, Saskatoon, SK. germ., 306-493-7409, Delisle, SK. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CDC BOYER, CERTIFIED #1, 99% germ., CERTIFIED #1 CDC Sorrel, AAC Bravo. 306-493-7409, Delisle, SK. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. EXCELLENT QUALITY CERTIFIED #1 CS CDC SORREL. Van Burck LH COUTTS, PTO, 48” blade, always shed- Camden, Summit, CDC Minstrel, CDC Ruf- CERTIFIED Seeds, 306-863-4377, Star City, SK. ded, last used 20 yrs ago, saws nice lum- fian, CDC Orrin. Frederick Seeds, 306-287-3977, Watson, SK. ber. Offers. 780-349-2798, Westlock, AB. CERTIFIED GLAS and CDC Sorrel flax. SAWMILLS from only $4397 - Make CERTIFIED #1: C.S. Camden. Lung Seeds Trawin Seeds, 306-752-4060, Melfort, SK. Money and Save Money with your own Ltd. 306-368-2414, Lake Lenore, SK. bandmill. Cut lumber any dimension. In stock, ready to ship. Free info. and DVD: CERTIFIED CDC HAYMAKER. Hickseeds or call 306-354-7998 (Barry) or 306-229-9517 (Dale), Mossbank, SK. 1-800-567-0404.

TURNKEY OPERATION: 25 miles NE of Neepawa, MB. 4.5 quarters, 200 cows, feed for 500 cows, equipment and excellent newer yardsite. Phone 204-402-0780.

FARMLAND IN RM of DeSalaberry, MB for sale by Tender: 320 acres of well drained lands, two adjacent farm yards, garage, machine shed, grain storage. Sealed bids received until 5:00 PM, February 28, 2018. 1 QUARTER SECTION farmland in the RM For bid package, contact: Art Stacey at of Mount Pleasant (SW-35-01-34-W2). 204-934-2537, Macfarlane Land and Farm Equipment Auction, Wednesday April 25th, 2018. Glen PASTURE, CULTIVATED LAND, 240 acres: Ewen, SK. For sale bill & photos visit: NW 4-9-8-W, 160 ac. & NE 4-9-8-W, north Join us 80 ac.. Approx. 75 acres cultivated land and on FB! 306-421-2928 or 306-487-7815. 165 acres bush. Submit tenders to: Marty Mack Auction Co. PL 311962. Gaudet, Box 33, Rathwell, MB, R0G 1S0. Tenders must be received prior to March 4, 2018. $300,000 OBO. Call 204-751-0364.

NE 19-02-17-W2, RM of Lake Alma #8: 146 acres, home quarter, 3 bedroom bungalow, 1242+/- sq. ft., partially finished basement, electric heat, central air, laminate flooring, vinyl siding, 4 appliances included, shallow well w/quality water, small barn, water bowl & cattle shed, pasture, SE 19-02-17-W2 RM of Lake Alma #8; 159 acres, FVA 75,400, 100 acres tame hay, balance pasture, NW 20-02-17-W2 RM of Lake Alma #8; 141 acres, FVA 66,900, dugout, pasture. SW 20-02-17-W2 RM of Lake Alma #8; 160 acres, FVA 58,600, dugout, 100 acres tame hay, balance pasture. Maurice Ranch Land and Equipment Auction Wednesday April 18th, 2018. Lake Alma, SK. Visit for sale bill and photos and join us on FB. Info. 306-421-2928 or 306-487-7815, Mack Auction Co. PL 311962.

SILAGE & GRAZING Corn: Certified RR, LL, Enlist & also conventional varieties. Trialed on our farm. 306-744-2332, Saltcoats, SK.



WANTED: OFF-GRADE PULSES, oil seeds and cereals. All organic cereals and specialty crops. Prairie Wide Grain, Saskatoon, SK., 306-230-8101, 306-716-2297. WANTED: FEED BARLEY Buffalo Plains Cattle Company is looking to purchase barley. For pricing and delivery dates, call Kristen 306-624-2381, Bethune, SK. WANTED: FEED GRAIN, barley, wheat, peas, green or damaged canola. Phone Gary 306-823-4493, Neilburg, SK. WANTED: FEED BARLEY, 48 lbs. plus. Phone 306-345-2523, Stony Beach, SK. LACKAWANNA PRODUCTS CORP. Buyers and sellers of all types of feed grain and grain by-products. Contact Bill Hajt or Christopher Lent at 306-862-2723.






SOLD! DAIRY QUALITY & beef hay: 500 BUYING HEATED/DAMAGED PEAS, round bales, approx. 1500 lbs. Feed test FLAX & GRAIN “On Farm Pickup”. Westcan available. Faubert Farms, Marengo, SK. Feed & Grain, 1-877-250-5252. Call Murray 306-463-9691. FEED GRAIN WANTED! Also buying light, HAY FOR SALE: Various grades, tests tough or offgrade grains. “On Farm Pickup” available. Call 403-633-8835. Tilley, AB. Westcan Feed & Grain, 1-877-250-5252. HAY FOR SALE - DELIVERED! Also custom hauling. V-V Trucking Ltd., 306-631-8544, Moose Jaw, SK. BUYING WILD FUR, whole frozen carcass, NEW HAY FOR SALE; Round bale picking cash paid. Must have fur license. and hauling, small or large loads. Travel DL#6168, call 306-852-8802, Tisdale, SK. anywhere. 306-291-9658, Vanscoy, SK. Email:

POLY TANKS: 15 to 10,000 gal.; Bladder tanks from 220 to 88,000 gallon; Water and liquid fertilizer; Fuel tanks, single and double wall; Truck and storage, gas or dsl. Wilke Sales, 306-586-5711, Regina, SK.

POST SHAVINGS: Cattle feedlot, horse & poultry bedding. Bulk pricing and delivery available; Landscaping Mulch: Available in 1 yard bulk bags for $45, delivery available; Colored Landscaping Mulch: Available in 1 yard bulk bags for $115, delivery avail. Vermette Wood Preservers, Spruce Home, SK.. 1-800-667-0094. Email: Visit:

TARPCO, SHUR-LOK, MICHEL’S sales, service, installations, repairs. Canadian company. We carry aeration socks and grain bags. Also electric chute openers for grain trailer hoppers. 1-866-663-0000.

MR. TIRE CORP. For all your tire needs, call Mylo at 306-921-6555 or Jeremy at WANTED: ALFALFA 3x3 and 3x4 bales. 306-921-0068. Serving all Saskatchewan. Will arrange for pickup at farm/field. Phone Chris 204-746-0462, Brunkild, MB. 20.8x42 CLAMP-ON DUALS with rods and for triples, taken off 9370 Case MAKE SERIOUS HAY! Contact Nuhn For- spacers, $8000. Call A.E. Chicoine Farm age for all your forage preservation needs. tractor, Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. Featuring the #1 liquid and granular products/applicators on the market. For Seri- GOOD USED TRUCK TIRES: 700/8.25/ ous Hay: 800-965-9127 900/1000/1100x20s; 11R22.5/11R24.5; matched sets available. Pricing TAME GRASS HAY: 5x5 round bales from 9R17.5, from $90. K&L Equipment and Auto. Ph 2017, twine wrapped, feed tests available, Ladimer, 306-795-7779, Ituna, SK; Chris protein range 7.5 to 9 and TDN 58, $40/ at 306-537-2027, Regina, SK. bale in yard. 204-623-4357, 204-623-0664 cell. The Pas, MB., WANTED: ROUND OR Large square straw bales within 100 kms. of Regina. Call KORNUM WELL DRILLING, farm, cottage and acreage wells, test holes, well rehabili306-539-4465. tation, witching. PVC/SS construction, expert workmanship and fair pricing. 50% government grant now available. Indian Head, SK., 306-541-7210 or 306-695-2061

BOW VALLEY TRADING LTD. WE BUY DAMAGED GRAIN Wheat, Barley, Oats, Peas, etc. Green or Heated Canola/Flax

1-877-641-2798 If you want to sell it fast, call 1-800-667-7770.


HEATED CANOLA & FLAX • Competitive Prices • Prompt Movement • Spring Thrashed “ON FARM PICK UP”


BUYING SPRING THRASHED CANOLA and grain “On Farm Pickup” Westcan Feed & Grain, 1-877-250-5252.

CARPENTRY & PRODUCTION LINE welding program. 2 certificates, 2 employment streams, 1 tiny home. Apply now for Fall 2018 at Rosetown SK U-DRIVE TRACTOR TRAILER Training, 30 years experience. Day, 1 and 2 week upgrading programs for Class 1A, 3A and air brakes. One on one driving instructions. 306-786-6600, Yorkton, SK.

FARM BOSS WANTED at Stump Lake Ranch, Stump Lake, BC. Duties include: Seeding/Fertilizing/Irrigation/Harvesting crops for cattle & horse feed; Responsible for care & maintenance of all farm machinery & implements; Winter feeding of livestock; Passion for farming, equipment & ranch life a must; Compensation commensurates with skills and experience; Other farm duties as may be required. Submit CV/resume to: Suitable candidates will be contacted. RANCH HANDS WANTED: 1000 cow ranch, seeking workers to do all aspects of ranching, haying and operating equipment. Knowledge of pivots & mechanical skills a plus! Top wages and housing included. Alexis Creek, BC. Call 250-394-4623, Email: FARM LABOURER WANTED near Goodeve, SK. Call 306-795-2710 or 306-795-5210. FULL-TIME FARM AGRONOMIST wanted for large irrigation farm in southern Alberta as soon as possible. Duties: Scouting of crops, arrange seed & pricing, arrange applications of fungicide & aerial application. Calibration checks for planter, fertilizer applicator and seed cutter. Assist staff as resource for decisions on chemical products and technology. Support crop and growing management planning & decisions. Input data requirements for government/private companies, surveys and programs. Work with retailers, Co-op and associations with seed and chemical trials. Collect and/or supervise soil, petiole and crop for analysis in the growing season. Be able to attend local association seminars, meetings and tours as a representative of our farm, report back to management. Comply with safety on the farm, safe driving practices, and co-ordinate with the same on the farm. These are not intended to be construed as all responsibilities, duties and skills for this position. Qualifications: Undergraduate degree in Agricultural Sciences is required. Knowledge in production of potatoes, seed, canola, soybeans and grains is definitely an asset. Excellent organization, time management skills and group interactive skills. Technical interests and skills in all responsibilities. Successful candidate should be a self-starter with a strong work ethic. Competitive compensation. Email resumes to Stan Kanegawa:

FULL-TIME FARM LABOURER required for mixed farm. Valid drivers license required. Housing avail. Provost, AB. Fax resume: 780-753-2962 or ph 780-753-2952 or email: FARM HELP WANTED for 2018 season, on 3500 acre grain farm. Operating air seeder, sprayer, swather, combine. $20-25/hr. Preferably have Class 1A. Tramping Lake, SK. 306-843-7762 or 306-755-2003. WANTED: GRAZING LEASE MANAGER/ CONTRACTOR. Bow Island grazing lease headquarters is located 3 miles east and 8 miles north of Bow Island, AB. The pasture consists of approx. 38, 000 acres of dry land pasture and 1080 acres of irrigated pasture split by the South Sask River. It annually supports anywhere from 8000 to 11,000 aum’s of grazing. 2017 numbers consisted of 1750 cow calf pairs and 250 yearlings held in 7 herds. The contractor will be expected to operate the pasture and manage all the herds in conjunction with irrigation timing in order to fully utilize available grazing. Other duties will include: Recording entry and exit of cattle; Treatment of sick animals; Repair & maintenance of fences, buildings and irrigation works; Along with other duties assigned by the board. The contractor must supply: Horses & tack, pickup truck(s), horse trailer, fuel for own vehicles, all hand tools, all additional help including an irrigator for pivot & flood irrigation & liability insurance for the contractor and help. Employment is year round with grazing duties from April 1 to October 31 and winter duties feeding the bull herd for the balance of the year. NB rental housing is available at the headquarters. The board will provide equipment such tractor, silage wagon, ditcher, etc. as deemed necessary by the board. Please submit your resume to: Bow Island Grazing Association c/o Lyndon Haugen, Box 422, Bow Island, AB., T0K 0G0. Deadline for submission is February 16, 2018. For more info. phone: Ryan Renke 403-529-9080, Bill Klassen 403-952-1024 or Paul Gruninger 403-308-6249. FARM LABOURER WANTED: Must have valid 1A with driver’s abstract. Mechanical knowledge and experience with farm equipment an asset. Wage based on experience starting at $20-30/hr. Located in Weyburn/Fillmore area, SK. 306-861-7317 RIDER POSITION AVAILABLE on large community pasture in SW SK. Wages depend on experience. Must supply own horses and functional tack. Should be able to rope, treat and handle cattle horseback. Feedlot experience is a plus. Fence maintenance is part of the job! For more details call or text 306-298-7323, 306-298-4606.

FULL-TIME RANCH HELP wanted. Experience with livestock and machinery required. Non-smoker with clean driver’s abstract. Housing supplied. Fax resume with references: 403-548-2287. Email us at: Phone: 403-548-6684, Redcliff, AB. PASTURE RIDER REQUIRED for 2018 seaGRAIN/OILSEED FARM WORKER: Equip- son. Monet Pastures Ltd., Elrose, SK., rement operation & servicing (GPS); Build- quires a full-time seasonal pasture rider to ing/yard maintenance. Full-time year help care for 1950 cow/calf pairs May 1st round, $30/hr plus benefits. 306-745-2528 to November 1st. Must supply own horses and tack. Experience with cattle disease is mandatory. Valid driver’s license required. Must be able to rope and treat cattle in open pasture. Housing available. Wages $23 to $30/hour based on experience. For more information contact: Luke Ellingson For ALL Your 306-378-7451, Tim Calwell 306-378-7554, or email


Water Pump Needs

FARM & RANCH HELP Wanted in southern Saskatchewan. Must have some experience and drivers licence is an asset. 306-537-2624. 2 SEASONAL FARM Machinery Operators required. Must be able to operate grain cart, tandem grain truck, FWA tractor w/rockpicker, 4 WD tractor for harrowing. Also manual labour for upkeep of leafcutter bees and general servicing of equip. May 1 to Nov. 15. $15-$18/hr. 101008187 SK Ltd., 303 Frontier Trail, Box 372, Wadena, SK., S0A 4J0. Fax: 306-338-3733, ph 306-338-7561 or

we move water ®

High Pressure Pumps And More! Toll Free: 1-844-352-7444 |

HELPER WANTED ON mixed farm. Steady job for right person. Room and board avail. 403-631-2373, 403-994-0581, Olds, AB.

FULL-TIME FARM LABOURER HELP. Applicants should have previous farm experience and mechanical ability. Duties include operation of machinery, including tractors and other farm equipment, as well as general farm laborer duties. $25/hour depending on experience. Must be able to cross US border. Location: Pierson, MB. Feland Bros. Farms, Greg Feland and Wade Feland, Box 284, Pierson, MB. R0M 1S0. 701-756-6954.

PASTURE MANAGER: HAFFORD Cattle Company Inc is now accepting tenders for a contract pasture manager for the 2018 grazing season. Email for a tender package Closes Feb. 20 2 SEASONAL FARM Machinery Operators required: Class 1 license is an asset. Applicants should have farm experience and mechanical ability. Duties include general servicing of equipment and other farm labour duties. Living quarters are available. Call 780-837-0645.

EXPERIENCED FARM HAND wanted on Purebred Black Angus farm, southern AB. Full ad at:

EXPERIENCED TURBINE AG Pilot Req'd: Roland Air Spray based out of Roland MB requires 1 commercial pilot for upcoming spray season starting June 1 2018 September 15 2018. Applicant must have; (1) A Canadian Commercial pilots Licence & Manitoba Aerial Applicators Licence. (2) Min experience of 2500 hours of Agriculture of which 1000 hrs must be on turbine air tractor. (3) Must maintain journey logs following Transport Canada guidelines. (4) Must be insurable with up to date medical. (5) Be capable of operating Satloc Bantam GPS or Ag Nav Platinum system. (6) Proficient in English. Accomodations and vehicle provided if required. Wage\salary: $60\hr based on 40 hour work week. Possible seasonal bonus based on performance. Workers Compensation provided, Benefits package available. Do Not Apply unless you meet all the above requirements. 204-745-6111 or 204-745-8484,

Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting for your call. 1-800-667-7770.

RETIRED SENIOR, would like a job looking after your farm for the winter. Some chores would be welcome. Please email: CARETAKER COUPLE LOOKING for new position in SW Alberta starting June. 403-558-0191, We know that farming is enough of a gamble so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in the Alberta Farmer Express classifieds. It’s a Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800-667-7770.

NOW HIRING Class 1 & 3 Drivers

BULLDOG Energy Group

Office Locations: Grande Prairie, AB Mannville, AB Nisku, AB

Contact: 1-877-541-9029

Combined 35,& 000 power reaCh aG listinGs now over

now over

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canada’s ag-only listings giant PRINT | MOBILE | ONLINE

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plaCe your ad: 1-800-667-7770 visit:

1A TRUCK DRIVER required. Must have oilfield experience. Please contact Mark at 306-270-5888

Hit our readers where it counts… in the clasFARM LABOURER: FT permanent position sifieds. Place your ad in the Alberta Farmer available on mixed farm. Applicant must be Express classifed section. 1-800-667-7770. mechanically inclined and able to maintain and do minor repairs on farm machinery and trucks. Assets would be welding & fabricating abilities, and a 1A licence or willing to obtain a 1A. Accommodation available. 306-893-8107, 306-893-8105.

Combined power & reaCh

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EXPERIENCED CLASS 1 DRIVERS wanted to haul livestock or gravel. Health plan and safety bonuses. Year round work. For more info, call 403-625-4658.


Requirements: Air Breaks Clean Driver’s Abstract Certified First Aid H2S Alive Confined Space Drug and Alcohol Screening *Work throughout AB, SK, MB.



USED FARM EQUIPMENT *For commercial use only. Offer subject to credit qualification and approval by CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. See your New Holland dealer for details and eligibility requirements. CNH Industrial Capital Canada Ltd. standard terms and conditions will apply. Depending on model, a down payment may be required. Offer good through March 31, 2018, at participating New Holland dealers in Canada. Offer subject to change. Taxes, freight, set-up, delivery, additional options or attachments not included in price. © 2018 CNH Industrial America LLC. All rights reserved. CNH Industrial Capital and New Holland Agriculture are trademarks registered in the United States and many other countries, owned by or licensed to CNH Industrial N.V., its subsidiaries or affiliates.


2014 Bourgault 3320 ....................$169,000 2014 Bourgault 3320 ....................$169,000 2009 Bourgault 3310, 65’, 10” .....$128,000 2008 Bourgault 3310, 55’,10” ........$99,000 2007 Bourgault 3310, 55’, 10” .......$89,000 2013 Bourgault 3320, 76’, 12” .....$198,000 2013 Bourgault 3320-76...............$245,000 2013 Bourgault 3710, 50’, 10” .....$189,000 2015 Bourgault 3720, 70’, 12” .....$189,000 2015 Bourgault 3720, 70’, 12” .....$189,000 2015 Bourgault 3720 ....................$198,000 2015 Bourgault 3720-50...............$149,000 2015 Bourgault 3720 ............................ Call 2002 Bourgault 5710, 29”, 10” .......$32,000 2008 Bourgault 5710, 64’, 10” .......$69,000 2005 Bourgault 6350 ......................$43,800 2010 Bourgault 6550 ......................$89,800 2014 Bourgault L6550 ..................$118,000 2015 Bourgault L7800, TB, TRKS, SLDT $226,000 2015 Bourgault 3720 ............................ Call 2008 CIH 3430 ...............................$39,500 2000 Flexi-Coil 6000/3450, 40’, 10”, Pillar Openers ............$115,000 2010 Flexi-Coil P2060, 60’, 10”......$68,000 2004 Flexicoil 6000, 40’, 10” ..........$39,000 2011 NH P2070, 70’, 12” ...............$85,000 2005 NH SD440, 45”, 10” ..............$48,000 2008 Seedhawk, 50’, 10”, Leading Air .$89,000 2014 Seedmaster CT80-12/520 Tank ...$279,000 2014 FRLCL 4350 ..........................$48,000 2010 FlexiCoil 5000 ........................$29,000 2017 Valmar 8611...........................$89,000


2012 Bourgault 6450, ..................$115,000 2008 Bourgault 6450 ......................$68,000 2008 Bourgault 6450 ......................$79,000 2005 Bourgault LFC 2000 ..............$15,000 2011 NH P1070, Tow Behind .........$98,000 2008 CIH ADX3430, Mech,No Rust .....$45,000 1995 Flexi -Coil 5000/1330, 33’, 9” $19,500 2004 Flexicoil 3850, Tow Behind DS....$39,500 2003 Flexicoil 3450 ........................$48,000 2002 Bourgault 5440 ......................$48,000


2014 NH RB560, Wide, BC, Net, Spec ...$45,800 2013 NH BR7090 ...........................$39,800 2005 NH BR780, ...........................$13,500 2003 NH BR780, ...........................$11,800 2006 NH BR780A, .........................$14,500 2004 CIHRBX562, 12,600 Bales ...$13,800 2008 NH BR7090 ...........................$28,500 2003 NH BR780 ................................... Call


2015 Grouser 770HD, 14’, 8-way ...$45,000 2007 Leon 4000 STX425- Frameless $13,800 2011 Leon Q5000 STX Quad .........$30,000 2013 Leon Q5000, .........................$33,000 2013 Leon Q4000 ...........................$16,800 2012 Leon Q500 .............................$19,500 2016 Kubota BB2763 ........................... Call


2007 Bourgault 6000 ......................$25,800

2013 Bourgault 7200, 72’ ...............$41,800 2010 Salfrod 570RTS .....................$68,000 2011 Salford RTS570 .....................$56,800 2007 Bourgault 6000 ............................ Call 1986 Bourgault FH-48-52...............$12,500


2012 NH CX8080, 748 hrs............$278,000 2011 NH CX8080, 1438/1030hrs .$259,000 2010 NH CX8080, 1875/1348 hrs $228,000 2010 NH CX8080, 1755/1237 hrs $228,000 2010 NH CX8080, 1297/939 hrs ..$238,000 2009 NH CX8080 1,301 hrs..........$228,000 2008 NH CX8080, 1726/2348hrs .$238,000 2007 NH CX8080,1341/1949 hrs .$215,000 2007 NH CX8080,......................Please Call 2010 NH CX8080, 1237 hrs..........$228,000 2010 NH CX8080,......................Please Call 2013 NH CX8090, 846/627 hrs ....$359,000 2013 NH CX8090, 942 hrs............$359,000 2013 NH CR8090, 1162/904 hrs ..$289,000 2012 NH CR8090, 1144/917 hrs .$289,000 2012 NH CR8090, 1314/1041 hrs $299,000 2004 NH CX860, 2688/2035 hrs ..$119,000 2004 NH CX860, 3685/2869 hrs ....$98,000 2004 NH CX860, 2528/1924 hrs ..$138,000 2001 NH TX66, 2270/3018hrs ........$58,000 1997 NH TX66, 3754/2781 hrs .......$28,500 1998 NH TX66, 2796/2188 hrs .......$48,000 1998 NH TX66, 2921/2344 hrs .......$48,000 1987 NH TR96 .......................... Please Call 1997 NH TR97 ................................$38,000 2011 NH CR9070, 749 hrs ...........$258,000 2011 NH CR9070, 1519/1153hrs .$239,000 2009 NH CR9070,1673/1238hrs ..$189,500 2008 NH CR9070, 2279/1562 hrs $228,000 2010 NH CR9070, 1622/1199 hrs $179,500 2007 NH CR9070, 948/780 hrs ....$198,000 2008 NH CR9070, 1434/1023 hrs $189,500 2008 NH CR9070, 2251/1583 hrs $169,500 2007 NH CR9070, 1510/2267 hrs $148,500 2009 NH CR9070, 1554/1137 hrs $198,000 2011 NH CR9070, .....................Please Call 2011 NH CR9080, 1522/1063hrs .$228,000 2010 NH CR9080, 1659/1150hrs,$228,000 2009 NH CR9080, 1347/980 hrs ..$249,000 2011 NH CR9090Z, 1311/967 hrs $289,000 2012 NH CR9090Z, 632 hrs .........$339,000 2012 NH CR9090Z, 811/576 hrs ..$369,000 2013 NH CR9090Z, 680 hrs ............ $379,000 2013 NH CR9090Z, 1138 hrs .......... $298,000 2012 NH CR9090, 1046/740 hrs ..... $345,000 2012 NH CR9090, 2050/1418 hrs ... $315,000 2011 NH CR9090, 1806/1244 hrs ... $269,000 2014 NH CR9090E, 804/556 hrs ..... $379,000 2010 NH CR9090E, 1187/1703 hrs . $269,000 2010 NH CR9090E, 1064/1518 hrs . $268,000 2013 NH CR9090Z, 1484/1138 hrs . $298,000 2013 NH CR9090Z, 1128/804 Hrs$369,000 2015 NH CR8.90, 620/414 hrs .....$483,000 2016 NH CR8.90, 489 hrs .........Please Call 2016 NH CR8.90, 465 hrs .................... Call 2016 NH CR8.90E, 266 hrs .................. Call 2017 NH CR9.90E ................................ Call

2015 NH CR9.90E, 607/452 hrs ...$559,000 2004 CIH 2388, 2547/2146 hrs ......$98,000 2010 CIH 7088, 1784/1316 hrs ....$187,000 2012 CIH 8230, 1304/962 hrs ......$278,000 2013 JD S680, 933/653 hrs..........$387,000 2012 CLASS 770, 1131/657 hrs ...$369,000 2012 CLAAS 670, 764/475 hrs .....$339,000 2002 NH CX840, 3700/2500 hrs ....$78,000


2010 Salford 570 RTS, 30’ .............$68,000 2011 Salford RTS570 .....................$56,800 2007 Bourgault 6000 ............................ Call 2013 Bourgault 7200-72................ $41,800 2007 Bourgault 6000 ......................$25,800 1986 Bourgault FH-48-52...............$12,500


2012 NH H7460 ..............................$33,500 2013 NH H7460, 16’ .......................$39,800 2007 NH 1475/HS18 ......................$23,800 2012 MacDon A40D 18’ .................$23,800 2008 CIH SCX100, 18” ...................$23,800

SKID STEER/ COMP. TRACTOR 2014 Kubota L3800HST, 200 hrsPlease call 2014 Kubota B3350, 240 hrs .... Please call 2011 Kubota L3940, 380 hrs, .... Please call 2008 Kubota B2360, 1,257 hrs . Please call 2012 Kubota F2680 . Please call for pricing 2008 Kubota BX2660 ................ please call 2013 NH L223 ................................$39,800 2002 Bobcat 773, 3,289 hrs ...........$23,500


2010 Honeybee, HB30, Gleaner adaptor, 30’...................$49,500 1999 Honeybee SP36, 36’ .............$29,000 1994 Honeybee SP30, ....................$9,800 2009 NH 88C, 42’ ...........................$68,000 2003 NH 94C, 30’ ...........................$29,500 2005 NH 94C, 30’ ...........................$29,500 2009 NH 94C, 36’ CX/CR ...............$39,500 2008 NH 94C-36’, .........................$39,500 2003 NH 94C-36’, .........................$39,500 2009 NH 94C, 30’ ...........................$28,000 2008 NH 94C, 30’ ...........................$29,500 2007 NH 94C ..................................$28,000 2003 NH 94C, 30’ CX/CR ...............$29,500 2005 NH 94C, 36’ ...........................$39,500 2004 NH 94C, 30’ CX/CR ...............$29,500 1998 NH 994 CX/CR ......................$19,000 1999 NH 994-30’, ..........................$29,500 1998 NH 994-36’, ..........................$19,000 1995 NH SP25 ................................$15,000 2014 MacDon D6530G, 30’ ............$65,000 2014 MacDon D6530G, 30’ ............$69,800 2014 MacDon D6530G, 30’ ............$69,800 2014 MacDon D6530G ...................$65,000 2014 MacDon D6530G ..................$69,900 2014 MacDon D6535G ...................$69,900 2013 MacDon D6530G ...................$69,900 1998 MacDon 960, 30’ ...................$25,000 2012 MacDon FD70, 45’ ................$79,000 2010 MacDon FD70, 45’ ................$69,000 2014 MacDon FD75 .......................$75,800 2015 MacDon FD75 .......................$92,000 2014 MacDon FD75 .......................$75,800 2010 CIH 2142, 35’ ........................$58,000 1998 H 994, 30’ TX/TR ...................$18,000 2014 CLASS 1200, 35’ ...................$59,500 1997 Westward Adapter ...................$4.000 2009 Case IH 2142 ............................... Call 1997 NH SP25 ................................$15,000 2007 Honey Bee SP30 CX .............$55,000 1997 Honey Bee SP30 CX ................... Call

2013 NH SP240, 1000 Hrs, 1200 Gal, 100” ........................$309,000 2011 NH SP.240F .........................$208,000 2011 NH SP240F, 1920 hrs ..........$185,000 2009 Spraycoupe 4660, 440 gal, 80’ ...$84,500 2005 Sprayair 2010 ........................$85,000 2010 CIH 4420 .............................$195,000 2014 CIH 4430, 1300 hrs .............$268,000

2004 NH 1475, Toung only ...............$6,500 2006 NH 1475, ..............................$21,500 2002 NH 1475, Toung only ...............$2,000 1995 NH 2216, ................................$7,500 1995 NH 2216, ................................$9,500

2008 Versatile 2375 ......................$139,000 2009 CIH STX535Q, 3103 hrs ......$248,000 2012 NH T9.505 ...........................$339,000 1994 NH 9680 ................................$89,000 1995 CIH 9270 .............................. $69,000



2013 MacDon D65, 40’ ..................$49,500 2010 MacDon M150, 2068/1213 hrs ...$85,000 2010 MacDon M150, 35’, 1848/1213 hrs ............................$85,000 2013 MacDon M155/D6540, 520 hrs .$138,000 2014 NH SR200/440HB ...............$169,000 1999 NH 994, 25’ ...........................$15,000 2007 NH HW325, 1200hrs .............$58,000 2008 NH H8040/HB36, as is ..........$69,000 2014 NH SR200............................$175,000 1995 MF 200 ..................................$15,000 2010 NH H8060, 30’, 1075hrs ......$104,800 1997 MacDon 690, 36’ .....................$9,800 2012 MF WR9740/5200 ...............$102,800 2004 MacDon 9352 .............................. Call 2009 MacDon M150/D60 .............$128,000 2000 MacDon 9350 ..........................$8,800 2011 MacDon M205, 1078 hrs .....$158,000


1981 NH TW10, 8,500 ......................$6,500 2011 NH T7.270 AutoCommand - LDR, 2360 hrs ...................................$178,000 2012 NH T7.235, 2341 hrs ...........$169,000 2011 Versatile 305, 1800 hrs ........$149,500 2012 NH, T7.235, 5959 hrs ..........$109,000 2006 NH TM175/860TL, 7700hrs ...$58,000 1977 Ford 8700 ..............................$12,500 2005 CIH MXU 110, 7200hrs .........$43,800 2011 Massey 2650 .........................$48,000 2015 NH T7.175 ................................... Call



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Alberta farmer express  
Alberta farmer express