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Western Canada’s All Breeds Bull Sale Source

Softer tires for less compaction » PG 19


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January 12, 2017

High-tech fertilizers offer great promise More expensive fertilizer likely cheap compared to future N20 pricing BY LORRAINE STEVENSON Co-operator staff / St. Jean


he fertilizers farmers use will one day be manufactured from algae or hydrogen fuel, not natural gas, and they’ll be ‘SMARTer’ too, said a speaker at St. Jean Farm Days last week. These will be long-lasting sensor-based nano fertilizers, not likely to be nearly as easy to handle as current products, and which may reside in the soil for multiple crops, making annual

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See FERTILIZER on page 6 »


Westman group exploring feasibility of soybean-crushing plant Westman Opportunities Leadership Group chair Ray Redfern says with soybean production expanding and perhaps hog production too, a plant in western Manitoba could make sense BY ALLAN DAWSON Co-operator staff


group of community leaders is studying the feasibility of building a 5,000-tonne-per-day soybeancrushing plant in western Manitoba. The newly created Westman Opportunities Leadership Group (WOLG) is a volunteer group whose membership includes business, farm and civic leaders from the region. “Mo s t o f t h e ( s oy b e a n ) growth from here on in will certainly be in Westman,” WOLG chair Ray Redfern, president of Redfern Farm Services, said in an interview from his Brandon headquarters Dec. 22. “That’s why we think Westman is a good location for a (soybeancrushing) plant.” See SOYBEANS on page 6 »

As soybeans break out of the Red River Valley, Westman looks to become a logical choice for any future crushing plant.   photo: arlene bomback

Highly variable: Seed germ is up and down » PAGE 18



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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Did you know?


Prion diseases like BSE have a telltale sign

Pasture status A new process for better pasture assessment




M Hybrids possible


Will wheat hybrids work though?

FEATURE Fleeing drought Zimbabwe farmers are seeking new lives


CROSSROADS Winners and losers The Brandon light tractor demonstrations

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Editorials Comments What’s Up Livestock Markets

The discovery suggests the disease may not be as unstoppable as previously thought


Grain Markets Weather Vane Classifieds Sudoku

edical researchers at the University of Alberta have found fatal prion diseases, like BSE, have a hidden signature. Findings published this month in the peer-reviewed journal, Public Library of Science (PLoS) Pathogens, s h ow t h a t u p t o s e v e n months before an animal shows physical signs of infection, a particular prion protein in the brain, known as shadoo protein, was being eradicated. “What we discovered is that as the early prion disease process unfolds in an i n f e c t e d b ra i n , t h a t t h e shadoo protein is simultaneously disappearing,” lead author David Westaway, a researcher in the faculty of medicine and dentistry at the University of Alberta, said. “This is telling us there is a process we were previously unaware of, a process that is happening before the infected animals are getting sick.” Westaway says this likely means the brain cells are

Alberta researcher David Westaway says there’s a hidden process in BSE and other prion diseases.   PHOTO: UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA

trying to defend themselves against the disease, and could mean it’s not unstoppable. “There could be a cellular process trying to destroy the infectious prions as they appear. And if we could help that process a little bit more, that might be an avenue to attenuate the disease,” Westaway said. Westaway collaborated with a team of researche r s f r o m O n t a r i o, t h e

University of Califor nia, the Institute for Systems B i o l o g y i n Wa s h i n g t o n , the McLaughlin Research Institute in Montana and a researcher in Germany, on this discovery. The next step for W e s t a w a y ’s r e s e a r c h team is to determine why this shadoo protein is disappearing. “We need to better understand this. We want to solve this mystery,” he said.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

More emphasis should be placed on soil health, MCDA speaker says Cover crops, reduced tillage, crop and livestock diversity can all help reduce watershed challenges BY LORRAINE STEVENSON Co-operator staff / Brandon


e’ve all had those moments when we realize what we do most of the time matters more than what we attempt once in a while. One of those light bulbs snapped on for Ryan Canart while sitting at a soil health conference in Alberta awhile back. The district manager for the Upper Assiniboine River Conservation District was listening to speaker Jay Fuhrer, a Bismark, N.D.-based soil health specialist, talk about degraded soil health as the underlying reason for many of our watershed challenges from flooding to water quality and soil erosion. “I had a kind of ‘aha’ moment,” said Canart. Instead of focusing so much attention on cleaning out drains and building water control structures which are symptoms of the problem we should, as this speaker was saying, focus on the root of the matter, he realized. “I think where we are today we’re still treating the symptoms,” he told the Brandon assembly of other CD managers, landowners and municipal leaders. “It’s way more expensive and there’s not nearly the benefits. If we can get to solving the problem that’s where we need to go.” That conference and other influential soil health specialists he’s met have helped him see solving the problem requires

“I think where we are today we’re still treating the symptoms. If we can get to solving the problem that’s where we need to go.” Ryan Canart CD manager Upper Assiniboine River Conservation District

finding ways to reduce soil disturbance, that lays ground bare and destroying the habitat for soil micro-organisms. By placing more emphasis on soil health, and building the biology back into it through minimizing soil disturbance, maximizing plant diversity through crop rotation, using cover crops to keep living roots in soil, and integrating livestock back into our production systems, we could be tackling that bigger problem, says Canart. “I think if we kind of step back and mimic what Mother Nature is doing and incorporate some of that into our annual farming practices we’d be better for it,” he said. In a land and water course he teaches to high school students he uses the illustration of a single raindrop hitting the ground as the beginning of erosion, because water dislodges soil particles. “ We can put something between a raindrop and the soil to reduce that. “We want to leave that soil undisturbed as much as possible, to allow the biology and especially the earthworms to create those

Clarification: In a story about public and private wheat breeding in last week’s edition Marcus Weidler of Bayer CropScience said if the public doesn’t accept the benefits of modern agriculture, discussions on wheat research won’t matter. “Everything I’ve said so far is like rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic... ” he said, adding that agriculture is heading for an iceberg “and the iceberg is public perception,” that new agricultural technology is suspect. The agriculture community needs to explain the merits of agricultural technology to the public, he said.

Correction: A story in last week’s edition about demographics influencing the demand for wheat said between 2002 and 2004 world food prices were up an average of 73 per cent. The sentence should have said: World food prices were up an average of 73 per cent between the base years of 2002 and 2004 and 2016, the FAO said.

soil aggregates that allow the water to get in.” Their CD is an area of over 2,200 sq. miles with surface drainage flows generally to the southeast, through various minor rivers and streams. It’s a landscape dotted with potholes and large swathes of prairie grassland. “We do have erosion,” Canart said in Brandon, sharing a photo of an eroded gully in the Rossburn area. “We’ve tried to address this with a grassed runway,” he said. “But we realized on slopes of over six per cent that grass probably won’t do the job. The story is in the background.” Tree cover had been removed and with the roots gone there was nothing left to keep the soil from washing away. In an article recently published in MCDA’s annual magazine The Current, which he titled ‘A Tale of Two Soils,’ Canart uses a photo he took of a demonstration Fuhrer did, showing the comparative capacity of soil samples to hold water. One sample, taken from a North Dakota site came from soil repeatedly tilled, with

An example of rill erosion which occurs when run-off water forms small channels while running down bare soil.   PHOTO: PAUL BROWN

low crop diversity, no cover crops and void of animal integration. It lost all structural integrity after only seconds in the water. In contrast, another sample from land receiving minimal disturbance and retaining high organic content absorbed water but remained undissolved even after 48 hours. Canart said he wishes he was able to do a soil benchmarking study in Manitoba, adding his hunch tells him most Manitoba soil is likely in better health. “If organic matter is the underlying piece of watershed health, we should maybe be benchmarking soils around our watershed to direct our funding to the most at-risk soils,” he said.

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Analyst sees big rise in Ukraine’s 2017 rapeseed crop Good weather for winter planting has caused acreage to rebound KIEV / Reuters


k r a i n e’s r a p e s e e d harvest is likely to rise to as much as 1.7 million tonnes next year from around 1.2 million tonnes this year thanks to a larger sowing area, analyst UkrAgroConsult said Nov. 21. Poor weather last autumn

and this spr ing reduced the area sown for the 2016 rapeseed harvest to around 450,000 hectares from about 670,000 hectares in 2015. “ We a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s were quite favourable for winter rapeseed planting, more than 85 per cent of its area was seeded within the optimum time,” the consultancy said in a statement.


Upper Assiniboine River Conser vation Distr ict has recently begun working with five producers in the Rossburn and Kenton areas on small-acre plots to test, pilot, measure and monitor how reducing tillage, use of diverse crop rotations and incorporating livestock in their production systems can help boost their soils’ organic content and improve the soil’s water infiltration. These will be five-year projects whose ultimate aim is to increase soil health while having these farmers decide how it affects their bottom line, Canart said.

Ask your local retailer for more information.



It said the 2017 rapeseed area could rise to 844,000 hectares. “In view of the present state of winter rapeseed in Ukraine, we currently forecast the 2017 harvest within a range of 1.4 million to 1.7 million tonnes,” it added. Ukraine exports most of its rapeseed harvest, mostly to European countries.



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Butt out


ecently Manitoba’s Bothwell Cheese announced it had received Project GMO certification for one of its product lines. Boiled down, it means the cheese in question is made from milk that comes from cows fed non-GMO feed. The move came, the company explained at the time, as a result of consumers asking for such a product. Their Gord Gilmour producer partners at the Dairy Farmers Editor of Manitoba were ready and willing to provide the raw milk produced according to those specifications. It is a win-win for farmers and the company. After all, that pull from the market is real. Just look at the results of a survey commissioned a couple of years back by a Canadian agriculture industry group and performed by pollster Angus Reid: 43 per cent of Canadians were more likely to buy a product that is “GMO free.” Yet despite the fact that a consumer goods company is meeting a consumer demand, it took little time for the agriculture industry to show its less attractive face on social media. Repeatedly, the company’s Twitter presence was shamed for failing to take the opportunity to ‘educate consumers about GMOs.’ Most of this negative reaction came from both farmers and industry representatives, such as employees of life science companies. While it’s true that everyone has a right to their own opinion on a topic like this one, I’m not sure picking a fight publicly with a company like this is going to be a winning strategy over time. So far the results have been mixed. Earls restaurants, for example, backed down on their antibiotic- and hormonefree, welfare-friendly beef initiative after a public backlash. However, it doesn’t seem like the initial product claim was the pivot point of that decision, so much as the poor optics of replacing Canadian beef with U.S. beef. Over an even longer time frame, A&W restaurants have steadfastly stuck to their own antibiotic- and hormone-free claims, much to the chagrin of many in the beef sector. The first mistake many are making is expecting rationality in marketing. This has never been the case and I don’t think that’s going to change any time soon. People buy cars and trucks, for example, based on what colour they are, or the model name. The world is full of accountants driving SUVs because they listened to an ad that told them to heed the call of the wild. It seems like there’s an entire sector of that industry entirely devoted to producing midlife-crisis cars for the late-middle-age set with more money than sense. I myself have driven more than one vehicle that was more sizzle than steak and treated the service bay like a second home. None of us are immune to this. One trait that’s nearly universally shared, however, is that none of us like to be told we’re wrong, or that we’re making stupid choices. Nor do we like to be told what we will or won’t be allowed to do, unless there’s a darned good reason for it, one that’s better than “it’s a dumb idea.” The very heart of an open-market economy is willing buyers meeting willing sellers. The only two parties who should have an opinion on a transaction that’s legal and above board are the two who are exchanging money for goods or services. The rest of us are all kibitzing and our input is about as welcome as that of the person who’s hanging over someone’s shoulder, telling them the next card to play. I happen to agree that there’s really no need for a GMOfree cheese. There’s absolutely no scientific evidence that the conventional products pose any sort of risk. Any attempt to meet this need is a lot of effort in the name of little, except for that consumer demand. But who are we to tell a company or individual they should or shouldn’t pursue a perceived market niche? Or consumers that they can’t or shouldn’t have a market choice? It wasn’t that long ago the communist world pursued exactly such a model, with disastrous results. It turns out not everyone likes the blue pyjamas of Maoist China, nor the barely functional Lada sedans of socialist Russia. Like pretty much the entire rest of the world, these consumers like designer clothes, Levis jeans, Coca-Cola, and BMWs and Mercedes-Benz. So why does the agriculture sector want to tell people what they want or need, or dictate how consumers should be “educated” on the value of preferred methods of production? Why should a modern consumer only take what the industry makes? Why don’t they have the right to ask for something different? You may look at what they’re asking for and disagree with their choices, and that’s OK. But it’s a mistake to presume they shouldn’t be allowed that choice and to attempt to shame any company that’s trying to meet that market demand. It would be far better to try to figure out a way to either capture some of that market yourself, or create a new one.

From a Saskatchewan farm to international customers BY LANE STOCKBRUGGER LDS Farms


spent the first half of December on the road, on a whirlwind tour of four key markets for Canadian wheat and durum exports: Algeria, Morocco, England, and Italy. In total, we logged over 20,000 kilometres between these four markets in 15 days. It’s a long way from the 4,000-acre grain and oilseed farm I run with my brother Lance, in east-central Saskatchewan. You see, Canada exports 20 million tonnes of cereal crops each year. And it’s our job to maintain and protect these markets, through presentations, conversations, and dialogue, which is exactly what I did on the 2016 Canadian Wheat New Crop Missions. Our two-week mission was organized and coordinated through three organizations: Cereals Canada, Canadian International Grains Institute (Cigi) and the Canadian Grain Commission (CGC). There were four new crop missions in total, spanning 17 countries in the fall of 2016 that travelled through Asia, Latin America, Europe, North Africa and West Africa. The approach provides customers with updates from experts along the Canadian value chain, including a farmer, a representative of grain exporters, and technical specialists from the CGC and Cigi. As a farmer, I was honoured to represent western Canadian producers, and our role is ever important on these missions, to tell our story. It was the opportunity to speak about our independent approach to running our businesses and how we make decisions on our farms that are in the interest of the family business, for today and looking toward to the future. I spoke of our focus on technological advancements to help farmers in Canada be as productive as possible while



ensuring that we are growing crops in a sustainable manner that will protect our land, air, and water for the next generation. The value of having a team of Canadians representing the value chain became more obvious as our mission through North Africa and Europe continued. Customers had heard that Canada had a tough growing season, plagued with too much moisture and a long drawn-out harvest. This led to very real questions and concerns about the quality that Canada would have to offer for export to Canadian wheat- and durumdependent markets. It was our chance to correct any misinformation they had, and to share the whole story about the quality that would be available for their import needs. Questions about glyphosate and how we use it on the farm were valuable to hear and even more importantly to have the ability to respond first hand and explain how we use herbicides, pesticides, and fungicides to produce the quality product customers have come to expect from Canada. These discussions during the missions help build new business relationships and strengthen existing ones, which frankly is ever important to this Canadian farmer if we intend to maintain and grow our position in these markets. After spending these valuable two weeks in conversation with the decision-makers of these important end-use markets, I have a better appreciation of our role and the importance of that role. Conversing with companies and seeing their businesses in action using Canadian wheat to produce products for local markets and international distribution is humbling. What we do as farmers makes a difference, but we can’t rest on our laurels in this competitive landscape. Lane Stockbrugger farms near Leroy, Saskatchewan.

January 1950

f you wanted to keep your chicks warm in the winter of 1950, you could purchase this Silent Sioux oil-burning brooder advertised in our Jan. 19 issue. We reported that “Complaints were pouring in last week as residents of rural Manitoba felt the first impact of the general 25 per cent reduction in Canadian National Railways train service.” The article said that some communities had service cut in half, mail delivery was slowed and merchants were complaining that they could not obtain fresh fruits and vegetables. The editorial that week praised the efforts of scientists in developing herbicides. “Through their efforts many farmers have already benefited from the use of 2,4-D in increased grain yield per acre and improvement in the grade of grain sold.” Union Stock Yards in St. Boniface reported weekly receipts of 786 cattle, 73 calves, 465 hogs and three sheep. The Canadian Livestock Co-operative market report said that “If farmer-feeders use reasonable discretion in marketing and keep their cattle on feed until they are able to get into a Blue grade of beef, we think they are reasonably sure to obtain a good return on their feeding operations. Should large numbers of feeders become panicky and rush their stock to market before it is ready, there could be trouble.” Choice steers up to 1,000 pounds were quoted at $22.50, Good at $20, Medium at $17.50 and Common at $15.50.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Hard numbers and hard politics Low crop prices and trade uncertainty are a trouble combination looming for 2017 BY ALAN GUEBERT Farm and Food


he calendar may have changed but the numbers all U.S. farmers will work with this new year are little different from the numbers everyone worked with last year. For example, 2016’s corn production was baked-in last fall and so too are most of 2017’s options. We grew a staggering 15.3 billion bu. last year, will use 11.0 billion bu. here this year, will export 2.2 billion bu., and will still have 2.4 billion bu. in the bin when the new harvest begins. Which means, forecasts the U.S. Department of Agriculture, cash corn prices will average a thin $3.30 per bu. during the current marketing year (all figures U.S. funds). The numbers for the coming 201718 crop year, according to USDA forecasts, improve only slightly: 1.1 billion bu. less production, 1.0 billion bu. less domestic usage, a relatively small (300 million bu.) drop in exports, and an average projected price of $3.60 per bu. That’s what 2.4 billion bu. of 2016 carry-over does to the 2017-18 market; its long, long tail irritates prices for a long, long time. Soybean forecasts for 2016-17 are equally bland: 4.3 billion bu. production, 1.9 billion bu. crushed domesti-

How do U.S. farmers and farm groups reconcile what appears to be a growing breach between one of their biggest, best food customers and their about-to-be inaugurated president?

cally, and 2.0 billion bu. exported. As such, cash prices are forecasted to average a very modest $9.20 per bu. for the year. And that’s the good news. The bad news is that the relatively big, 480-million-bu. carry-over into the new crop year — added to abovenormal 2017 acres and back-to-normal yields — will drain market prices. USDA sees little chance of a price breakout; it forecasts 2017-18 beans to average a dismal $8.75 per bu. Wheat’s coming year will be marginally better. Market forecasters see this year’s average price climbing from a bleak $3.90 per bu. to a little less bleak $4.50 per bu. next year. But it could get worse, cautioned USDA in its Nov. 30 issue of Outlook for U.S. Agricultural Trade. “The election of Donald Trump as U.S. president has introduced an element of uncertainty as the emphasis of the next administration’s economic policy agenda is unknown,” it explained. A month later, it remains unknown.

Christmas brought no farm and ranch news from the Trump team — no national economic plan, no secretary of agriculture, no global trade plan. Moreover, USDA sees presidentelect Trump’s better-known views just as troubling as his unknown ones: “A change in the U.S. trade relationship with China and Mexico is of particular concern for agricultural competitiveness. Together, these two countries were the destination for an average of almost one-third of total U.S. agricultural exports from 2013-15.” In fact, USDA’s analysts add, “China alone was the destination for roughly 60 per cent of U.S. soybean exports, on average, during this period.” How do U.S. farmers and farm groups reconcile what appears to be a growing breach between one of their biggest, best food customers and their about-to-be inaugurated president? Two ways. First, most write off president-elect

Trump’s tough China talk as campaign-fuelled overstatement that will become, they hope, more diplomatic once he assumes the presidency. Maybe, but two-thirds through the transition he continues to confirm (most recently through a tweet on a submersible U.S. drone China already had said it would return) that his hard China line isn’t softening. Indeed, the word still used to explain his China policy is “reset,” not “return.” The second way, again hopefully, is that Trump’s apprentice ambassador, Iowa’s Gov. Terry Branstad, will keep the grocery pipeline to China open and full no matter his boss’s rhetoric because of Branstad’s “extensive ties to China and a personal friendship with Chinese President Xi Jinping that dates back decades,” noted the Dec. 7 Washington Post. That’s the way it’s supposed to work, sure. Given the earth-rattling, precedent-shattering politics of 2016, however, anyone willing to bet that it will work like that in the new year? Either way, American agriculture has a lot riding on Donald Trump in an already tough-looking 2017. Any hiccup, stumble, or tweet — either intentional or accidental — will carry a steep cost for everyone. The Farm and Food File is published weekly through the U.S. and Canada. www.

Wiring the farm for the Information Age The new classification of broadband Internet as a basic telecommunications service could significantly narrow the rural-urban digital divide BY SYLVAIN CHARLEBOIS Dalhousie University


nformation is power, and without data, it is impossible to operate a business — any business. At the tail end of 2016, Canadian agriculture received the news it had long been waiting for: the Canadian Radio-Television a n d Te l e c ommunications Commission (CRTC) declared t h a t b ro a d b a n d In t e r n e t access in Canada is now considered a basic telecommunications service for all. CRTC intends to invest over $750 million to support this initiative. In spite of the lack of details contained in the announcement, in terms of future costs for Canadians and businesses, it spells good news for Canadian agriculture and consumers alike. Let’s face it: most Canadians take the Internet for granted. Being connected has become second nature for most of us. As an example, most knew the minute that George Michael or Carrie Fisher had passed on, even though it occurred during the holidays when many are not connected. You only need to experience a complete sense of disconnectedness once in order to really appreciate how important high-speed Internet is to modern living.

In remote areas, the Internet can get choppy, simply due to high winds. Even precipitation can slow the Internet down to a point where work becomes impossible. The CRTC’s focus on broadband Internet access comes at the right time. In agriculture, things will get much more interesting as getting sound data in real time will play a significant part in most farming businesses. In an era in which Donald Trump’s most outlandish message on Twitter can move markets in seconds, farmers need the proper information tools in order to keep up. Rurality, of course, makes closing distances a challenge, which in turn makes communication critical. Therefore, the need for better and more efficient communication through a reliable network becomes obvious. For meetings, sharing data and most important, for anticipating unpredictable effects like climate change, access to data underlies almost every business decision. Crop prices and futures are also key information points for farmers who want to make their operations more sustainable. The “Internet of Things” is an increasingly promising concept for a growing number of farmers, allowing them to anticipate the future before

“Farmers will gain access to more data, but so could city dwellers.”

it happens. With devices like wireless sensor networks, network-connected weather stations, high-tech cameras a n d s m a r t p h o n e s, f a r m ers can obtain an impressive amount of environmental and crop performance data, collected by field sensors and cameras, and accumulated by human observations, which have been recorded via mobile smartphone applications. Triangulating data is what it’s all about. Farmers can analyze the data they have, filter out worthless data and compute personalized crop recommendations for any specific farm and commodities. But without proper, affordable bandwidth, all of this can be at best a very painstaking process. Farmers are no longer rustic labourers on tractors. Things have changed. Given that Canada is losing farms at a yearly rate of seven per cent to nine per cent, agricultural operations have got larger — much larger — and smarter

as well. With precision agriculture, resources are managed more sustainably, which lowers the carbon footprint of farms. Adapting production input based on localized needs for each individual animal allows better use of resources to maintain the quality of the environment, while improving the sustainability of the food supply. This is what is happening already. What is not happening enough, however, is any systematic attempt to appreciate how more efficient Canadian farms could contribute meaningfully to global food systems, and increase profitability for the sector. Better Internet capacity can only help in this regard. Canadian consumers will also gain on many levels. First off, allowing rural Canada to connect with the rest of the world would help urbanites better understand agriculture. This could potentially be the most significant contribution from the CRTC’s decision. Farmers will gain access to more data, but so could city dwellers. The great ruralurban divide could be narrowed, thus allowing citizens from both socio-economic segments of our nation to understand each other better. Over the last century or so, public discourse around

how we support agriculture in Canada has mostly been fuelled by misconceptions and confusion. We have seen interest groups repeatedly use ignorance as a weapon to serve their constituents. Datadriven debates can only bring farmers closer to people’s kitchen tables. In other words, better virtual connectivity could potentially lead to better agri-food policies in Canada. What is more, Canada has almost 200,000 farms, many of which are still hobby farms. With access to broadband Internet ser vice, it could become possible to operate small-scale farms more efficiently, thanks to better market access and perhaps in turn creating more variety for Canadians looking for locally grown products. One day, expectations in grocery stores and in restaurants could be more aligned with how limiting agriculture can be at times. This may be a pipe dream, but if access to broadband Internet service can only accomplish half of what it is capable of, Canada will gain. However, we can only hope this access is affordable for farmers to use. Sylvain Charlebois is dean of the faculty of management and professor of food distribution and policy at Dalhousie University.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

FROM PAGE ONE FERTILIZER Continued from page 1

field applications a thing of the past. “You’re laughing,” said Mario Tenuta, professor of applied soil ecology in the University of Manitoba’s department of soil science at the reaction of some audience members last week. “You’re going to be buying it.” Or at least a next generation of farmers will. These products are still in development. But we’re already moving to enhanced efficiency sources and precision N use is becoming increasingly critical. “The future is this,” he said. “Environmental issues will be a big driver of nitrogen use, sources and production technologies.”

SOYBEANS Continued from page 1

Nitrogen use is going to get a lot more sophisticated in the coming years.   file photo

“The carbon cost of the N20 that was emitted from using that fertilizer is closer to $50 per hectare for using that 100 kg of nitrogen,” he said. “What is most important, actually, is reducing the N20 emissions from the field that comes from using that fertilizer,” he said. “That’s what we should be concerned about.”

Big emitter In Manitoba about one-third of GHG emissions are from agriculture, and one particular GHG — nitrous oxide (or N20) — is emitted into the environment every time we add nitrogen to soil, said Tenuta. Regulators are bound to turn their attention to this as governments move to meet their emissions targets reductions. Prime Minister Justin Trudeau unveiled a plan in early October to put a price on carbon, starting at $10 per tonne in 2018 and rising to $50 per tonne by 2022, for example. Agriculture in Canada accounts for about 10 per cent of all this country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The two large sources of emissions of GHGs related to nitrogen fertilizer stem from manufacturing it from natural gas and using it on the fields. Each time nitrogen is added to soil, a complex chemical process results in a fraction lost as N20 to the atmosphere. “If we have any hope of reducing GHGs in Manitoba, who do you think will be counted on to contribute?” he asked. What farmers should be more concerned about, instead of paying higher costs to buy fertilizer, is the impact a tax on emissions from N20 could have, he continued.

Prepare now

“We’re going to have to be a lot smarter about how we use our nitrogen and how we put it in our rates.”

Mario Tenuta soil ecology professor

His analysis of the impact carbon costing would have on the price of fertilizer is that at a carbon cost of $50 a tonne, a 100-kg bag of N would increase by $10. That’s not much compared to the volatility farmers already experience in fertilizer prices, he said. “The carbon tax on manufacturing a fertilizer is actually going to be a fraction of the cost of buying the fertilizer,” he said. But should government decide to impose a tax based on N20 emissions it will be a very different story.

MANITOBA CO-OPERATOR REPORTER The Manitoba Co-operator, Manitoba’s leading farm newspaper, is seeking a reporter to join its award-winning team of journalists. The successful applicant will be familiar with agriculture and be highly motivated to learn more about this diverse and fast-changing industry. He or she will possess excellent journalism skills, including print, photography and digital publishing. This individual will have a valid driver’s licence and be willing to travel to rural areas as well as out of province as needed to cover events and assignments. Interested applicants may email their resumé and samples of their writing by January 27, 2017 to Laura Rance-Unger, Editorial Director, Farm Business Communications: GroWinG Grass

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Grazing conference highlights high performance » PG 37

G3’s proposed Vancouver terminal cutting edge » PG 3

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The cattle industry hunkers down once more » PG 15

Manufacturers say they’re not giving up » PG 3

maNitobacooperator.c a

47 | $1.75 SiNce 1925 | vol. 74, No. ServiNG maNitoba FarmerS

November 24, 2016

ALUS Canada to launch New Acre Project

Laura Rance-Unger

Prairie farm leaders meet in Vancouver Rail CN Increase to

Donor dollars will be matched with individual projects they choose

December 8, 2016

SerVinG manitoba FarmerS Since 1925 | Vol. 74, no. 49 | $1.75

grain shipping, but farmers to build bridges and ultimately improve was an attempt Itnational beef the MRE is having on car replacements remain unclear about the impact

checkoff to come in 2017

BY lorrainE sTEVEnson Co-operator staff

The exact date of the change is still up in the air


LUS Canada is setting up a channel to let individuals and organizations financially contribute to projects undertaken by farmers and ranchers. The New Acre Project was announced earlier this month as ALUS Canada acknowledged a $5-million investment from the W. Garfield Weston Foundation to help the organization expand its reach across the

BY JeNNiFer pA p pAiGe iGe

Another grain export terminal proposed for Vancouver

The way western Canadian crop production is growing the increased capacity is needed, say some industry observers

Co-operator staff / Brandon


anadian beef producers should expect to see an increase to the Canadian Beef Cattle Check-Off sometime in 2017, but the exact date is yet to be determined. “I suspect producers will see this take effect in 2017. But, it is hard for me to nail down an exact time that producers will start to see it reflected on their sales

country. The New Acre Project will be the first of its kind in North America and offers a new way for the private sector and members of the public to invest in alternative land use services, said Bryan Gilvesy, CEO of ALUS and an Ontario cattle

Agriculture, Canadian See CHECKOFF on page 6 » representing the Alberta Federation of last week to Doug MacDonald, met with a group of farmers Agricultural Producers at the Port of Vancouver CN Rail vice-president of bulk commodities, Association of Saskatchewan and Keystone Federation of Agriculture, Agricultural Producers and transportation system.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON discuss ways to improve the grain-handling

producer. “If you want to have cleaner air, cleaner water and more biodiversity, you can make that happen by sponsoring New Acres,” he said. A typical New Acre will deliver a number of ecosystem services, such as wildlife and pollinator habitat, carbon sequestration, flood control and drought mitigation, which

the CN welcomed the chance of meeting, said Kate Fenske, regional manager of public and government farmer affairs. CN is planning more she outreach at events like Agribition,

BY allan daWson

Co-operator staff / Vancouver, B.C.


rairie farm leaders praised CN

Publication Mail Agreement 40069240

Publication Mail Agreement 40069240

See ALUS on page 7 »

“We’d Terry Anthony told MacDonald. your like to see you guys fine-tune like end of it a little better and it looks you’ve started doing that.” There have been improvements, but disruptions can still happen,

added. MacDonald said. Rail for agreeing to meet here last CN’s new contract Columbia’s lower explained He mainland. BY ALLAN DAWsoNthe script week to discuss ways to improve They are versity of Saskatchewan agricultural ‘reciprocal and Leaving proposing a system, includes which 77,000-tonne staff storage ca- economist Richard Gray. Western Canada’s grain-handlingCo-operatorDoug MacDonald, CN’s vice-president pacity facilitypenalties.’ on the Fraser River at the with transportation system. Western Canadian grain production in May, Fraser Surrey Docks, public of bulk commodities, peppered launched documents Under the program is on the upswing proposal “I was impressed with the open- nother for a new quickly grain abandoned say. questions, its car sup- and because of rising farmers’ is offering 72 per cent of demand terminal Asia, Canadian grain comin Vancouver ness of CN,” Keystone Agricultural exporter Meanwhile,CNG3 is proposing presentation. ininthe weekwant Mazier byhis a apanies twoprepared Winnipeg-based com-in 200,000-tonne ply — about 5,500 cars to export through the West Producers (KAP) president Dan cut locomotives 2013? No, — storage4,000 of winter panies has Did the deadCoast flownyou under the radar, but terminal because that’s where prices are and grainin export fall on said in an interview. be built other railway. the north shore of highest. could contribute that wastothe Contracting a dramatic expan- cold a to companies to contract. andInlet. “I think they were genuine today.” wrong? Record Burrard sion in a be very of capacity What a carwould at went from that port. shipper will get“This a ensures helpful and If both terminals Mazier and representatives Parrish record are constructed it railways crop. pay a the return to western and Heimbecker, Limited will week or the would increase boost specified Vancouver’s you warn the Alberta Federation of Agriculture, grain storage Grain (P&H) and Paterson grain companies Canadian Didn’t the GlobalFoods companies grain farms,” Gray said in Inc. pacity penalty.caalmost $100-a-car 978,000 tonnes the Canadian Federation of Agriculture (PGF) are the Not until of by 28 an crop? latest email monster the2. “It is very good news. a to Dec. announce take about don’t plans per cent to 1.55pay they if fine Association same the Producers million. to build an export too late. and Agricultural terminal in which British was Both end of September, are welcome a specified news, car within says Uni-week. of Saskatchewan (APAS) took part. Association See TERMINAL on page 7 » also [Western Grain Elevator About 50 per cent of available The Manitoba Co-operator executive director Wade weekly, WGEA) ( which contracted event, being are interview cars attended the two-day export Sobkowich said in a phone verbally MacDonald said. Cars that aren’t conincluded a visit to Cargill’s grain meet- later the railways were warned go back to the spot market terminal, a tour of the port and a This year the warning was tracted 2013. they June in supply exceed orders Commission pool. If spot ing with Canadian Grain in writing.] c i e s are divided up equally. officials. of “A s p r o d u c e r s , i n e f f i c i e n has “So if I can only supply 90 per cent com“The (grain) transportation file orders evebetween the railroads and grain been on people’s mind since 2013-14 panies is what costs us money because the cars for the remaining to it,” Moose and we really haven’t had a chance side we pay the demurrage on See CN MEETING on page 6 » talk to the railways and hear their Jaw farmer and APAS representative of the story,” Mazier said.

PHOTO: Fraser grain Terminal lTd.





Editorial Director Farm Business Communications 204-792-4382

And that’s why adoption of best management practices that will help reduce N20 emissions now is so critical, he continued. “We’re going to have to be a lot smarter about how we use our nitrogen and how we put it in our rates,” he said, adding that that’s where the 4R nutrient stewardship program can help. The 4Rs stand for right rate of fertilizer (to match crop needs), right time of application (so nutrients are available when plants need them) right place (keeping nutrients where crops use them) and right source (the type of fertilizer is matched to crop needs). “Precision nitrogen management is going to be more important as we move forward,” he said. Other tools available to farmers include soil testing for residual N, three-inch-deep banding, and applying as late into fall as possible. Tenuta said the whole aim of their research is to show growers already using these practices the real advantage in what they’re doing. What farmers can certainly expect in future is that their farms will eventually be monitored on their N usage. “You’re probably going to have to be certified someday to use it,” he said. “Nitrogen rates definitely are going to be scrutinized moving forward and the sources of fertilizer you’re using are going to be scrutinized.” One of the advantages farmers will give Manitoba, enabling the province to meet provincial GHG reduction targets, is growing more soybean, Tenuta also said. Soybeans don’t require added nitrogen and research shows the N it produces does not convert to N20. “It (soybean expansion) won’t just help us reach our targets,” he said. “It would actually be unmanageable if we didn’t have soybeans. Manitoba is in a situation where we’ll be able to reach reduction targets easier than other provinces because we have increasing acreages in soybean.”









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WOLG, has broad Westman region representation with everyone “pulling in the same direction,” he said. W O LG , i n p a r t n e r s h i p with the Brandon Economic Development Corporation, has hired EcDev Solutions to build a detailed work plan centred around “a strategic approach to assessing and, if applicable, pursuing the identified potential opportunity along with identifying funding sources for these efforts,” WOLG said in a news release. Funding for the preliminary work, to be completed by January 31, 2017, is coming from the Brandon Economic Development Corporation, with oversight by WOLG. The longer-term objective is to determine if a plant makes economic sense, and if so, take that information to a crushing company in hopes it will build a plant, Redfern said. The WOLG investigation will be based on a hexane solvent extraction plant costing $60 million to $175 million. It’s estimated such a plant will cost $1 billion a year to operate and employ 40 to 80 people, not including spinoff businesses, Redfern said. Biodiesel made from soybean oil is one possible spinoff. Soybeans are primarily crushed for the meal, which is fed to livestock.

Growing importance In May 2015 a study prepared for the Manitoba Pulse & Soybean Growers (MPSG) and Soy 20/20 concluded Manitoba soybean production could sustain a 2,000-tonnea-day soybean-crushing plant, in part because of poor and expensive rail service to export soybeans and import soybean meal. For several years soybeans have been Manitoba’s third most planted crop behind canola and spring wheat, respectively. Soybean plantings are expected to continue growing because of their profitability for farmers and ability to tolerate stress, including wet soil. In 2015, Manitoba farmers seeded a record 1.33 million insured acres of soybeans, Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation (MASC) data shows. In 2016 soybean plantings jumped 310,000 acres or 23 per cent, to a record of 1.64 million acres. And industry observers expect a similar jump this year to two million acres. If the pace set the last five years continues Manitoba soybean plantings will hit three million acres by 2022. The 2015 study suggested the best place for a crushing plant would be between Por tage la Prair ie and Winnipeg and Lake Manitoba a n d Ca r m a n b e c a u s e o f the proximity to most of Manitoba’s soybean production, feed mills and road and rail corridors and being far enough away from northern U.S. crushers to have a freight cost advantage. However, MPSG executive director Francois Labelle noted the study was based on 2015 statistics and future soybean production and possible hog pro-

duction, would be in western Manitoba. In 2011, 95 per cent of Manitoba’s soybeans were grown in the south-central and eastern parts of Manitoba, including the Red River Valley and five per cent in the rest of agro-Manitoba, data from Manitoba Agriculture pulse specialist Dennis Lange shows. However, in 2016, 61 per cent of soybean acres were grown in the ‘traditional’ area and 39 per cent beyond that region.

Makes sense With soybean acres growing, especially in the western part of the province and eastern Saskatchewan and the possibility of expanded hog production in western Manitoba where Maple Leaf in Brandon and Hylife in Neepawa process hogs, if a soybean-crushing plant is to be built the Westman region makes sense, Redfern said. Soybean planting could “explode” in Saskatchewan following poor lentil and field pea yields there in 2016, he added. “The genetics have been proven, at least to this point — potential frost notwithstanding,” he said. “The potential is there for reasonable success. The Parkland area (of Saskatchewan) has really had great success.” Assuming a 5,000-tonne-aday plant operates 350 days a year it would need 1.75 million tonnes of soybeans annually. That’s more soybeans than Manitoba has typically produced. Preliminary estimates based on MASC data puts 2016 production at an estimated 1.83 million tonnes (an average 42 bushels an acre from 1.6 million acres). However, Redfern said the feasibility study could take several years and acreage, including in eastern Saskatchewan, could be higher. If Manitoba production hits three million acres, assuming the current five-year average yield of 35 bushels an acre, annual Manitoba soybean production could reach 2.85 million tonnes a year. In July Keystone Agricultural Producers’ (KAP) advisory council passed a resolution supporting the Brandon C h a m b e r o f Co m m e rc e’s efforts to attract a soybeancrushing plant. Some of WOLG’s volunteers include KAP members Owen MacAulay, Barry Routledge and David Rourke, all known as strategic thinkers. Allan Preston, a former deputy agriculture minister, is also part of the group. Redfern stressed the study must be thorough and fact based. “We don’t want to be blown out of the water because we did a poor job building our case,” he said. Taking a regional approach will pay off, he added. “I am becoming more and more convinced that this is all about us making sure the community is on common ground and not islands, all competing with each other. We will be far more successful if we embrace collectively that there is going to be some benefit to all of us wherever we fit in this chain.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Crop data system in beta for Western Canada Climate Corp.’s Climate FieldView system is already on offer down East STAFF


Monsanto arm’s farm data suite, already being offered for sale in Eastern Canada for use this spring, is in beta testing toward a rollout later this year in Western Canada. Management from Monsanto and its farm data systems ar m, The Climate Corp., speaking on a conference call Jan. 5, said they see a launch for their Climate FieldView platform in Western Canada toward the end of 2017, as they work on the p l a t f o r m’s c o m p a t i b i l i t y with small grains and related equipment. The package had its Canadian launch in S e p t e m b e r a t C a n a d a’s Outdoor Farm Show and was offered for sale in the East last month, for use in the 2017 crop season. Climate CEO Mike Stern on Jan. 5 described the East as “very much of a corn and soybean environment,” similar to the company’s markets in Michigan and Ohio. The FieldView suite of tools is meant to allow farmers to visualize and analyze crop performance, using field data maps as well as satellite imagery.

A m o n g t h o s e, t h e c o m pany said, it plans to develop v a r i a b l e - ra t e p re s c r i p t i o n tools for nitrogen, phosphor us and potassium, creating what it described as “the industry’s first comprehensive fertility solution, delivering customized insights for crop nutrition and fertility management.” The company, through collection and analysis of “millions” of data points on seed product performance across v a r i o u s g e o g ra p h i e s, s a i d it also plans to provide seed product selection plans for its farmer users. Climate said its field health research will lead to development of a disease insights package, identifying and predicting a specific field’s disease vulnerability and diagnosing crop diseases, applying artificial intelligence to images of infected plants. Climate said it’s also working on a new “directed scout-

“Farming at the zone level is the new reality.” Sam Eathington The Climate Corp.

ing” tool to help farmers better sort out which fields to prioritize before heading out to scout. That tool, which Climate said will be “a first for the digital ag industry,” is meant to help farmers save time and protect yield, before yield is impacted at the end of the season.

Collaborations Mo n s a n t o a l s o l a i d o u t a number of key projects in its own R&D pipeline, including its Higher-Yielding Corn trait family, a collaboration with BASF; the DeKalb Disease Shield corn hybrids platform; and Acceleron seed-applied

disease protection products, a collaboration with Bayer. The company said it’s also working on an “innovative biological approach” to control varroa mite infestations in bee colonies, and a seed-applied nematode control product, dubbed NemaStrike. Noting the still-pending merger plans between Bayer CropScience and Monsanto, the company’s chief technology officer Robert Fraley s a i d Ja n . 5 t h a t “p a r a l l e l development” of herbicides and crop traits would allow the combined company to shave “years” off the delivery timelines for products in its pipeline.

Going global FieldView, launched in 2015 in the U.S. to tie Climate Corp.’s product offerings into one package, comes also to Brazil this year with launches in Australia, Argentina and South Africa expected in 2018-19, the companies said. The company said it will also bring its products into the European market in 201819, having taken its first steps there by buying Estonian farm management software firm VitalFields in November. The conference call laid out near-term plans for both Climate Corp.’s and its parent company’s research and development pipelines, noting Climate has “more than 35” R&D projects in the works. “Farming at the zone level is the new reality,” Climate’s chief scientist Sam Eathington said in the company’s release. Climate, he said, “is already delivering advanced seed scripting and zone-level nitrogen-monitoring capabilities, and our robust research pipeline ensures we will continue to provide farmers actionable insights to help them operate more efficiently and sustainably.”


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Accelerated earnings, he said, could then be allocated toward additional areas of R&D. Monsanto on Jan. 4 also announced it has reached a global licensing agreement with the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, for agricultural applications of the institute’s new CRISPR-Cpf1 genome-editing technology. T h e a g r e e m e n t ’s s p e c i f i c t e r m s w e r e n’t d i s closed. Monsanto has previously signed deals for other genome-editing technolog i e s f o r a g r i c u l t u r a l u s e, including a licence from the Broad Institute for use of the CRISPR-Cas9 system. C R I S P R- C p f 1 , Mo n s a n t o s a i d , m a r k s “a n e x c i t i n g advance in genome-editing technology, because it has potential to be a simpler and more precise tool for making targeted improvements in a cell’s DNA when compared to the CRISPR-Cas9 system.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Retention not needed for tile installation Tile drainage can increase yields, but increased returns require carefully crunched numbers By Shannon VanRaes

“There really are a lot of numbers here to play with, which is why we are encouraging farmers to learn as much as they can, which is what they would for any of their other practices.”

Co-operator staff / St. Jean Baptist


ile drainage installation is on the upswing in Manitoba, but producers need to take a hard look at their operations and evaluate beneficial management practices before making the plunge. “Addressing excess moisture is definitely a worthy pursuit,” Mitchell Timmerman told producers gathered for St. Jean Baptist Farm Days last week. “In this province, we know that excess moisture is one of agriculture’s major limitations.” According to Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation data, 54 per cent of all crop losses between 2005 and 2014 were the result of excess moisture. Bu t n o t e v e r y y e a r i s a year of excess moisture and not every area that experiences excess moisture one year will see it the next, adds Timmerman, an agri-ecosystem specialist with Manitoba Agriculture. “So the biggest question here is whether or not farmers should be managing for the extremes or for something more towards the typical,” he said. Ul t i m a t e l y, t h e d e c i s i o n has to take into account an operation’s location, historic w e a t h e r e v e n t s a n d a v e rages, yield and profitability, soil type, crops grown in the affected areas and the larger drainage system. “There are going to be lots of variations, depending on the field, depending on the soil, the local hydrology, so there is really not a single answer for every situation and that’s the challenge to make it work properly for you,” said p ro d u c t i o n a d v i s e r In g r i d Kristjanson.

Mitchell Timmerman

Mitchell Timmerman speaks at St. Jean Baptist Farm Days.   Photo: Shannon VanRaes

Producers also need to consider the possibility of future water shortages. “It’s prepar ing for a day that’s often hard to imagine. We don’t often have not enough water around these parts,” Timmerman said. “But it’s something we definitely have to encourage farmers to keep thinking about, because it definitely wasn’t always too wet.” Wa t e r re t e n t i o n f o r t i l e drainage systems isn’t mandatory in Manitoba, but i t m a y b e s o m e t h i n g p ro d u c e r s w a n t t o c o n s i d e r. Timmer man notes that retaining the excess water removed by tile drainage systems keeps it available for future use and can also provide an opportunity for nutrient management. One method of nitrogen management in a tile system is a simple and easyto-build wood chip bioreactor — essentially wood chip-filled trenches, lined with waterproof membranes. Here the carbon in the wood chips allows nitrogen to be

converted into nitrogen gas before being released into the atmosphere by the organic matter. Vegetative filters or riparian areas have been used in other regions to help control nutrient flow, but proved ineffective in Manitoba where winter temperatures and spring snowmelt process resulted in them actually releasing additional phosphorus.

Control structures, tile spacing, filters and depth are also factors that affect both the price and efficacy o f d ra i n a g e s y s t e m s, s a i d Timmer man, stressing the unique situation on ever y farm makes it crucial for producers to look at all factors, both short and long term. “There really are a lot of numbers here to play with, which is why we are encouraging farmers to learn as much as they can, which is what they would for any o f t h e i r o t h e r p r a c t i c e s ,” Timmerman said. “And also to challenge installers, or any other service providers to explain the principles and some of the details like drainage coefficient, as opposed to a cookie-cutter approach. Even if 50-foot spacing gener-

WHAT’S UP Please forward your agricultural events to or call 204-944-5762. Jan. 17-19: Manitoba Ag Days, Keystone Centre, Brandon. For more info visit Jan. 17-19: Red River Basin Commission Land and Water International Summit Conference, Ramada Plaza Fargo, 1635-42nd St. S., Fargo, N.D. For more info visit Jan. 21: Direct Farm Conference, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Best Western Plus Winnipeg Airport Hotel, 1715 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info visit events or call 204-333-7537. Feb. 2-3: Manitoba Beef Producers annual general meeting, Victoria Inn, 3550 Victoria Ave., Brandon. For more info visit annual-meeting/. Feb. 15-16: CropConnect Conference, Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info visit www.cropconnectconfer

Feb. 17: Bridging The Gap: Succession and Transition Planning Workshop for Farm Families, 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info or to register visit www. Feb. 28-March 2: Western Canadian Wheat Growers annual convention, Sheraton Cavalier, 612 Spadina Cres. E., Saskatoon. For more info or to register visit March 6-7: Advancing Women in Agriculture Conference, Hyatt Regency, 700 Centre St. SE, Calgary. Early-bird deadline Jan. 15. For more info visit www.advancingwomencon March 7-9: Canola Council of Canada annual convention, Fairmont Winnipeg, 2 Lombard Place, Winnipeg. For more info visit March 10-11: Manitoba Direct Farm Marketing Conference, Access Event Centre, 111-D Gilmour St., Morden. For more info call Manitoba Agriculture at 204-821-5322.

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ally works we’re encouraging site-specific management.” Beyond the nuts and bolts of production, cost and yield, farmers also need to consider issues of social licence when taking water off their lands. “Will my brother fixing the extreme on his farm send the extreme downstream to me or someone else? Anything water related with this province is contentious as you know,” he said, adding producers in general could see the finger of blame point in their direction if things go badly during subsequent high-water events. In Manitoba, drainage works require the approval of both the province and the rural municipality in which the work is located.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Chemical companies pitch bug-killing options Some environmentalists say just switching to new products won’t solve the underlying problem By Rod Nickel Reuters


ompanies that make bugkilling chemicals and natural remedies are racing to take advantage of restrictions on neonics, blamed for harming bees and mayflies. Global sales of neonicotinoids, or neonics, were US$3.01 billion last year, accounting for almost 18 per cent of the global insecticides market, according to consultancy Phillips McDougall. Insecticide sales fell sharply year over year, partly because of a 2013 European Union ban on some neonics. The restrictions are expanding in parts of Canada and the United States. Ontario is phasing in regulations by 2020 that force farmers to prove they have insect problems before using neonics, because of high rates of bee deaths. The Canadian government said last month it would phase out the neonic imidacloprid, made by Bayer AG, because it harms aquatic bugs. That trend opens the door for companies with alternatives, such as Syngenta, Dow Chemical and DuPont, as well as smaller companies with cutting-edge biological

Ontario restrictions prompted Monsanto Co. to treat less of its Dekalb corn seed with neonics in that market in 2017, and add a line of corn seed coated with DuPont’s Lumivia alternative, said spokeswoman Trish Jordan.

“The Syngentas and Dows of the world certainly have the leg up in this space because they already have distribution channels.”

Environmentalists concerned Replacing neonics with different chemicals does not please environmentalists. “My hope is we move away from pesticides and only use them when we absolutely have to,” said Faisal Moola, a regional director general with the David Suzuki Foundation environmental group. Biological approaches are also available. Marrone Bio Innovations’ Venerate uses compounds harvested from dead bacteria to kill insects. BioFence vegetable pellets, organic fertilizer made by Agrium unit Triumph Italia, are mixed into soil to strengthen plants against some of the same insects targeted by neonics, Agrium spokesman Richard Downey said. “Hopefully, (the alternatives) will do close to the same job,” said Mark Brock, Grain Farmers of Ontario chairman. Some farmers worry the alternatives will not be adequate.

Laura Lee Lux Research

techniques. Syngenta also makes neonics. Syngenta launched Fortenza, which does not face similar restrictions as neonics, last year in Ontario and is tapping into rising demand. “We were fortunate that Fortenza was registered when it was,” spokesman Chris Davison said. Dow’s Isoclast Active controls many of the same pests as neonics, spokeswoman Rachelle Schikorra said. “The Syngentas and Dows of the world certainly have the leg up in this space because they already have distribution channels,” said Laura Lee, a Lux Research analyst. “As they develop these solutions, they can push them through the same channels.”


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France’s plan to ban all neonics in 2018 could result in six per cent lower rapeseed yields, because of insect damage, said Fabien Lagarde, a director at French oilseed technical centre Terres Inovia. The ban may end up being delayed until 2020 if an alternative is unavailable. “There’s no way we can do without neonicotinoids,” Lagarde said.

Few alternatives are available for horticulture, whose industries individually are smaller than those of field c r o p s, s a i d C ra i g Hu n t e r, a manager with the Ontario Fruit and Vegetable Growers’ Association. “We see no silver bullet. We could be in serious trouble almost overnight.”

Livestock industry must prepare for just about anything Threats can appear from any direction and most aren’t even on the radar BY ALEX BINKLEY Co-operator contributor


hile the livestock industry and governments have improved their ability to respond to disease outbreaks, they need to broaden their preparations. They must include new diseases and challenges, says a report from the National Farmed Animal Health and Welfare Council. Rob McNabb, general manager of the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association, says the report is aimed at situations “for which we don’t have a current playbook on how to respond.” These include diseases that are not yet a concern in Canada which means they’re not reportable or notifiable. “We’re not even watching for them,” McNabb said. That situation makes disease prevention and biosecurity all the more important, he points out. Changing weather patterns caused by climate change plus increased travel and globalized trade “means we’ll see a lot more diseases,” he adds. Most of the threats the industry is currently prepared for “are just the tip of the iceberg.” The council report says, “While some commodities have experience with reportable diseases, the impact of an emerging disease with unknown factors may be quite different.” The NFAHWC is guided by its strategic plan Farmed Animal Health and Welfare 2020, which aims to enhance the country’s animal health and welfare system. The council wants to draw attention to emerging threats because in the early stages, they’re often not well defined, which may result in conflicting reports about the issue’s scope and potential impact. “In many cases these problems are novel and as such may fall outside of the established regulatory authority for either the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) or provincial authorities,” the report reads. “Emerging issues are not limited to disease events. They could be antimicrobial resistance, bioterrorism or other environmental hazards

e.g. extreme weather, floods, earthquake, toxic or chemical in nature or market or trade issues driven that have animal health and welfare implications. Potential impact on human health must also be considered.” It’s essential the agri-food sector and governments be prepared to mitigate the risk and impact of such possibilities and to ensure a cohesive response, the report says. One possible outcome of an emerging threat is a risk of loss of market access. The report noted that the Canadian Animal Health Coalition is currently managing a project that will develop plans for provincial/regional emergency management co-ordination organizations. Among other steps, the Canadian Animal Health Surveillance System (CAHSS) is being developed as a ‘network of networks,’ providing independence for the participating networks with a national focus on important issues with a number of projects in various stages. The Centre for Emerging and Zoonotic Disease’s “integrated intelligence response project” was completed in early 2016 and is now in an implementation phase. The “livestock market interruption strategy” is the first comprehensive, national strategy to address the market impacts of a large-scale disruption in Canada. The “emergency management framework” was developed to provide a comprehensive and collaborative approach to emergency management. It proposes a stronger, more collaborative approach to emergency management, with an increased focus on prevention and mitigation. A “plant and animal health strategy” is being developed by the CFIA. The council report also outlines a wide range of actions being taken by the agri-food industry or governments to deal with the risk of emerging threats. They aim to improve detection, biosecurity, risk communications, financial support during a disease outbreak and ensure access to slaughter and processing plants during a disease outbreak.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

LIVESTOCK MARKETS (Friday to Thursday) Winnipeg Slaughter Cattle Steers — Heifers — D1, 2 Cows — D3 Cows — Bulls — Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) — (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) — (401-500 lbs.) — Heifers (901+ lbs.) — (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) — (401-500 lbs.) —


($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)


(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)



Futures (January 6, 2017) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close Change February 2017 115.08 -2.88 April 2017 114.15 -1.60 June 2017 103.95 -1.40 August 2017 100.18 -0.78 October 2017 99.98 -0.50 December 2017 100.28 -0.40

Alberta South — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

Feeder Cattle January 2017 March 2017 April 2017 May 2017 August 2017 September 2017

Cattle Slaughter Canada East West Manitoba U.S.

$1 Cdn: $0.7566 U.S. $1 U.S: $1.3216 Cdn.


Cattle Prices

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: c, 2017

January 6, 2017

U.S. buyers aren’t expected to look north for now DAVE SIMS CNSC Ontario — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —




Close 128.25 123.75 123.63 122.75 123.05 121.68

Change -3.68 -3.05 -2.70 -2.28 -1.98 -1.68

Cattle Grades (Canada)

Week Ending Dec. 31, 2016 37,600 8,993 28,607 NA 507,000

Previous Year­ 64,604 8,271 26,333 NA 440,000

Week Ending Dec. 31, 2016 700 17,598 10,119 606 415 7,608 234

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 861 19,020 8,148 258 422 5,486 91

Hog Prices (Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg)

Source: Manitoba Agriculture

E - Estimation MB. ($/hog) MB (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.)

Current Week 152.01 140.47 141.01

Last Week 149.82 139.92 136.14

Last Year (Index 100) 145.77 136.21 135.51




PQ (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

Protectionist sentiments waft about cattle markets


attle markets enter 2017 on an upswing marked by resurgent U.S. futures, stronger cash pr ices and a dipping Canadian dollar, but the pending arrival of a seemingly protectionist U.S. president could make for choppy waters. “We are of course leery, to say the least, about Donald Trump,” said Herb Lock of Farm$ense Marketing. “Clearly if he’s going to be as protectionist as he steps out to be, we may have to revisit things like countryof-origin labelling (COOL).” Feeder cattle and cow-calf prices are still below last year’s levels, he said, but have come off the lows seen in October. “Prices have gone back to June, July and August levels; once we know how deep the well is we can probably move forward,” he said. As Trump moves to take power, Lock doesn’t expect to see U.S. buyers flocking to pick up supplies before that happens. “If they did make sweeping (purchases) it would be impacted immediately (if COOL r ules were brought into effect),” Lock explained. “Everything they bought from Canada would be discounted.” The saving grace for many growers in the last quarter of 2016 was the cheap price of cattle feed. Without it, Lock expects some ranchers would have been forced to sell at the lows.

“… the reality is, even if we had twice as many cattle, the prices likely wouldn’t be any different.” herb lock Farm$ense Marketing, Edmonton

The loonie’s recent move downward has also taken off some pressure, he explained. “Any one-cent move by the loonie is good for five cents (upward) on a calf price.” Buyers will likely be somewhat choosy and disciplined in 2017 but Lock expects the positive factors affecting the Canadian market to draw in bidders. “ We d o n’t h a ve t o o m u c h s u p p l y i n Canada and the reality is, even if we had twice as many cattle, the pr ices likely wouldn’t be any different.” Meanwhile, there were some encouraging signs south of the border, indicating the U.S. cattle market may retain some strength early in the new year. Wholesale beef prices traded at some of their highest levels since July, which prompted strong bidding from packers. Analysts say it is unusual to see such strength after the Christmas and New Year holidays have wrapped up. “Certainly the worst is probably over for a while,” said Lock. Dave Sims writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.


Futures (January 6, 2017) in U.S. Hogs



February 2017



April 2017 May 2017 June 2017 July 2017

68.33 72.63 76.78 76.55

2.10 0.97 1.23 1.05

France orders massive duck cull to contain bird flu By Sybille de La Hamaide PARIS / Reuters

Other Market Prices Sheep and Lambs Winnipeg $/cwt Ewes Lambs

Wooled Fats

Choice (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)

— — — — — —

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of April 13, 2010 Under 1.2 kg..................................................$1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg....................................................$1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg....................................................$1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg.....................................................$1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of December 11, 2016 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A ................................................$1.885 Undergrade ........................................ $1.795 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A ................................................$1.870 Undergrade .........................................$1.770 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A ................................................$1.870 Undergrade .........................................$1.770 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................................$1.855 Undergrade...........................................$1.770 Prices are quoted f.o.b. producers premise.

Toronto 120.04 - 149.39 191.47 - 207.48 189.92 - 210.72 199.18 - 251.50 214.28 - 324.11 —

SunGold Specialty Meats —

Eggs Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective November 10, 2013. New Previous A Extra Large $2.00 $2.05 A Large 2.00 2.05 A Medium 1.82 1.87 A Small 1.40 1.45 A Pee Wee 0.3775 0.3775 Nest Run 24 + 1.8910 1.9390 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Goats Kids Billys Mature

Winnipeg ( Hd Fats) — — —

Toronto ($/cwt) 121.19 - 318.73 — 148.65 - 259.27

Horses <1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —

France has ordered a massive cull of ducks in three regions most affected by a severe outbreak of bird flu as it tries to contain the virus which has been spreading quickly over the past month, the Agriculture Ministry said Jan. 4. All free-range ducks, as well as geese, will be slaughtered by approximately Jan. 20, in an area in southwestern France comprising parts of the Gers, Landes and Hautes-Pyrenees administrative departments, it said in a statement. France, which has the largest poultry flock in the European Union, has reported 89 outbreaks of the highly contagious H5N8 bird flu virus so far, a majority of which are in the Gers. “The principle is to quickly kill the species most affected to date by the virus,” the ministry said in a statement, saying these were ducks reared by foie gras makers. Some 800,000 of the birds, out of a total population of around 18 million in the

whole of the southwest, will be culled in the coming week, Marie-Pierre Pe from foie gras makers group CIFOG told Reuters. It could rise further if the bird flu virus cannot be maintained, she said, stressing that there are 1.3 million birds in the targeted area. Some farms will be exempted, including those which confine birds and those that perform full production cycles, from ducklings to transformation into end products, the ministry said. The ministry could also stop preventive culling before the Jan. 20 deadline if the outbreak was to stabilize, a ministry official said. Southwestern France, was the centre of a severe outbreak of bird flu last year, although that involved other strains of the virus. Several European countries and Israel have found cases of the contagious H5N8 strain over the past two months and some have ordered poultry flocks be kept indoors to prevent the disease spreading. T h e Cze c h Re p u b l i c a n d Sl ove n i a reported first outbreaks of the virus on Wednesday. The H5N8 strain is highly deadly for poultry but has never been found in humans and cannot be transmitted through food.

Toronto ($/cwt) 12.50 - 37.50 40.00 - 65.00

There will be no market reports from livestock auctions this week. They will return next issue.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Manitoba Elevator Prices

Rising loonie, declining soybeans drag on canola

Average quotes as of January 6, 2017 ($/tonne)

Argentina’s weather woes offset strong crops elsewhere Jade MarkuS CNSC


CE Futures Canada canola declined in the first trading week of 2017, pressured by a beleaguered oilseed market south of the border. Sharp, sudden strength in the Canadian dollar added to the losses. Canola followed Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) soybeans lower in the week ending Jan. 6. Soybeans’ sharp declines caused canola to close below the technically important $500 level in the March contract. However, the market saw a significant amount of back-and-forth trading, as prices saw dayto-day fluctuations based on South American weather. “There’s a lot of conflicting comments, and the bottom line is we don’t really have a good handle on how much problem we have,” said Drew Lerner of World Weather Inc. While the full extent of the issues and their effects on production isn’t clear, the market is aware of trouble areas in key South American growing areas. “Argentina has the biggest problem. It’s had very wild weather over the last several weeks,” Lerner said. Standing water in areas of the country is concerning to traders and will cause crop loss, he said. Though crops will not be able to return to levels seen before the flooding, the short-term forecast shows improved conditions. A frequent rainfall pattern is expected for key growing areas over the next 10 days, with better drying weather between events, Lerner said.



E. Manitoba wheat




W. Manitoba wheat




E. Manitoba canola




W. Manitoba canola



462.28 Source:

“They are not going to be able to have a bumper crop — they could still do OK, but the weather needs to snap around here pretty quick,” he said. Weather-related issues in Argentina underpinned oilseed markets, but favourable conditions in other growing regions erased that support. “Brazil’s crop conditions are almost ideal, as far as I’m concerned,” Lerner said. Northeastern Brazil has seen dryness and mild yield loss, but the majority of the country’s crop is doing extremely well, he said. “It’s had some really good timely rains and temperatures have been mostly seasonal, so I think the yields are going to be high.” Weaker weekly export sales reported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture also pressured CBOT soybeans, and in turn canola. Sales of soybeans reached a marketing-year low, and a large cancellation caused investor concern that U.S. soybean buying may be slower moving forward, especially as competing South American supplies come into the market. Advances in the Canadian dollar did little to help canola values, and added to the downside on the week. The Canadian dollar gained more than one per cent against its U.S. counterpart, and strengthened against a bundle of other currencies, propped up by strength in crude oil. Unlike soybeans, soyoil was able to edge up slightly on the week, and if gains in the loonie stall out, canola may be able to kick back up alongside that market in coming sessions. Jade Markus writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

For three-times-daily market reports and more from Commodity News Service Canada, visit the Markets section at


Port Prices As of Friday, January 6, 2016 ($/tonne) Last Week

U.S. hard red winter 12% Houston

Weekly Change



U.S. spring wheat 14% Portland



Canola Thunder Bay



Canola Vancouver



Closing Futures Prices

As of Thursday, January 6, 2016 ($/tonne) Last Week

Weekly Change

ICE canola



ICE milling wheat



ICE barley



Mpls. HRS wheat



Chicago SRW wheat



Kansas City HRW wheat


















Cash Prices Winnipeg As of Friday, January 6, 2016 ($/tonne) Last Week

Weekly Change

Feed wheat



Feed barley



Rye Flaxseed Feed peas

















Sunflower (NuSun) Fargo, ND ($U.S./CWT) Sunflower (Confection) Fargo, ND ($U.S./CWT)

Western Canadian wheat bids strengthen to start year CPSR wheat bids were up $4-$8, ranging from $157 to $175 across the Prairies BY PHIL FRANZ-WARKENTIN CNS Canada


pring wheat bids in Western Canada strengthened during the week ended Jan. 6, as gains in U.S. futures more than made up for the bearish influence of the rising Canadian dollar. Depending on the location, average Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) wheat prices were up by $1-$5 per tonne compared to the previous week, according to price quotes from a cross-section of delivery points compiled by PDQ (Price and Data Quotes). Average prices ranged from about $229 per tonne in Saskatchewan’s southeast region, to as high as $247 in northern Alberta. Quoted basis levels varied from location to location, but generally weak-

Depending on the location, average CWRS wheat prices were up by $1-$5 per tonne compared to the previous week.

ened slightly, to range from about $27 to $44 per tonne above the futures when using the grain company methodology of quoting the basis as the difference between U.S. dollar-denominated futures and Canadian dollar cash bids. When accounting for currency exchange rates by adjusting Canadian prices to U.S. dollars, CWRS bids ranged from US$173 to US$186 per tonne. That would put the currency adjusted basis

levels at about US$17 to US$30 below the futures. Looking at it the other way around, if the Minneapolis futures are converted to Canadian dollars, CWRS basis levels across Western Canada range from $22 to $39 below the futures. Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR) wheat bids were up by $4-$8, to range from $157 to $175 per tonne across the Prairies. Average durum prices were narrowly

mixed, with bids in Saskatchewan coming in at about $288-$292 per tonne. The March spring wheat contract in Minneapolis, off of which most CWRS contracts in Canada are based, was quoted at US$5.5275 per bushel on Jan. 6, up about 14.75 U.S. cents per bushel from the previous week. Kansas City hard red winter wheat futures, traded in Chicago, are more closely linked to CPSR in Canada. The March K.C. wheat contract was quoted at US$4.335 per bushel on Jan. 6, up about 15 U.S. cents compared to the previous week. The March Chicago Board of Trade soft wheat contract settled Jan. 6 at US$4.2375, up by about 15.25 U.S. cents on the week. The Canadian dollar settled Jan. 6 at 75.57 U.S. cents, up by more than a cent compared to the previous week.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

LIVESTOCK h u s b a n d r y — t h e s c i e n c e , S K I L L O R ART O F F AR M IN G

The rangeland and pasture health assessment tool aims to help land users and producers determine potential plant community composition, forage production, stocking rates and the impacts of management practices on ecological functions.   photo: jennifer paige

Creating a better process for assessing pasture Stakeholders from across the industry are currently working together to develop a Manitoba-focused rangeland and pasture health assessment

Stakeholder workshop

“What it can do is allow people to compare what they have now for a range or pasture to what the potential is and that gives them a sense of what adjustments they could make to achieve a higher productivity or deliver a better level of ecological goods and services.”

BY JENNIFER PAIGE Co-operator staff / Brandon


ollowing in the footsteps of our Prairie neighbours, Manitoba is working towards developing a customized rangeland and pasture health assessment. “The project is born out of similar initiatives that started in the United States, Alberta and then Saskatchewan. They have developed these tools for assessing rangeland health, looking at various indicators like bare soil, litter cover, soil stability, presence and abundance of obnoxious weeds and the successional status of the plant community,” said Mae Elsinger, range management biologist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC). Traditionally, rangelands have been assessed based on the successional status or the plant species composition of the community. But, Elsinger says that did not provide a clear enough picture. “You might have a poor species composition, but you have an abundance of productivity, very good ground cover, you don’t have any weeds and the ecosystem is functioning. It is capturing water, producing forage for wildlife and livestock. It is intercepting nutrients, capturing sunlight, all of those ecological functions. So, just species composition was inadequate,” Elsinger said.

Assessment potential The assessment will be a customized workbook that will allow users to compare the current plant community to the potential community that could exist on the site. It will have the ability to provide users with an inkling as to what their land may be capable of in health and function, allowing them to make better management deci-

Mae Elsinger range management biologist with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

sions or modifying management practices. “What it can do is allow people to compare what they have now for a range or pasture to what the potential is and that gives them a sense of what adjustments they could make to achieve a higher productivity or deliver a better level of ecological goods and services,” Elsinger said. Manitoba will be looking to Alberta and Saskatchewan’s current assessment methods as a reference in creating a version specific to Manitoba’s climate, geography and plant species. “We are intending to make this specific for Manitoba, given that we have different environmental conditions than Saskatchewan and Alberta and we also have different plant species here too, as we have a different set of warm-season grasses that normally don’t show up in Alberta and Saskatchewan,” Elsinger said. The initiative will see the development of a rangeland plant community guide, which will describe current and potential rangeland plant communities for Manitoba’s four

key eco sites – sand, moist, dune and loam. An eco site map and spatial dataset will be published, which will show where a user can expect to find the different eco sites that are defined by soil texture, geological origin, salinity, slope and drainage. The tool will help land users and producers to determine potential plant community composition, forage production, stocking rates and the impacts of management practices on ecological functions. The project has been funded through Growing Forward 2 and is operated by a well-rounded steering committee, which includes Jane Thornton and Bill Gardiner from Manitoba Agriculture, Chris Friesen with Manitoba Sustainable Development, Rebekah Neufeld with Nature Conservancy Canada, Terence McGonigle with Brandon University, Duncan Morrison and Chris Yuzdepski from Manitoba Forage and Grassland Association, Mae Elsinger, Bev Dunlop and Kerry LaForge from Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, and Jeff Thorpe with the Saskatchewan Research Council.

A number of individuals from a wide range of sectors was brought together in November for a oneday workshop to determine what this tool should look like and how stakeholders should move forward with the project. “We discussed what these stakeholders think an assessment for rangeland and pastures should look like in Manitoba and what the indicators should be. We developed a very good list of indicators and took a look at the other variety of ways that health is being assessed on grasslands and pastures,” Elsinger said. The workshop allowed stakeholders to learn about various ecosystem health assessments and allow them to provide input into what indicators could be used for assessment methods in Manitoba. “What surprised me was that whether these stakeholders came from a conservation background or livestock productivity background, it seemed like we all agreed on what some of the most important indicators would be. That was very exciting for me to see,” Elsinger said Elsinger says the timeline to complete the assessment depends heavily on funding, but once complete the tools will be made available to the public on the Manitoba Forage and Grassland Association website. “The timeline is dependent of funding opportunities. We have been trying to do this since 2010 and it has gone very slowly. We could probably have this completed by 2020 but the two limiting factors are the funding, and the amount of time people have to work on it,” Elsinger said. For more infor mation visit,


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

O’Toole supports supply management

Black ice

The long-shot leadership hopeful is one of the few voices supporting the status quo BY ALEX BINKLEY Co-operator contributor


h i l e o t h e r f e d e ra l Conservative leadership candidates — including front-runner Maxime Bernier — are lining up to take potshots at supply management one long-shot is offering his support. Erin O’Toole is taking a strong pro-family farm stand in his campaign, putting himself in opposition to others who want to terminate supply management. O’Toole says his position has drawn support from hundreds of farmers across the country who insist supply management is not a cartel or monopoly as Bernier and others charge. “When someone compares our dairy and poultry family farms to cartels like OPEC, they demonstrate a profound lack of understanding of agriculture and show their willingness to let agriculture producers be used like political props,” he said during a recent Ontario campaign event. “Hard-working farm families often struggle to make a fair living producing food for Canadians. But now, Justin Trudeau threatens to devastate Canadian agriculture with a carbon tax. And other Conservative leadership hopefuls promise to pull the rug out from under them by ending supply management. One even referred to Canadian poultry and dairy farmers as a cartel like OPEC.” A Conservative government headed by O’Toole “will stand up for our family farms and the important role they play in our communities, our environment and for our economy.” “We are truly blessed with an abundance of food in Canada and all too often take for granted the bounty that surrounds us,” he added. “Thousands of Canadians are involved directly on the farm and thousands more

“Hard-working farm families often struggle to make a fair living producing food for Canadians.” Erin O’Toole

in the food processing, feed, implements, transportation and supply sectors across the country. Not only are our farming families feeding Canada, Conservative governments have helped these family farms feed the world and create a stronger economy.” He said previous Conservative governments negotiated new trade deals such as the free trade agreement with Europe “to ensure new markets could be opened up for all of agriculture while protecting supply management.” In addition to protecting the dairy and poultry sectors resulting from import changes coming from the CETA and TPP trade deals, he said he will end the Liberal carbon tax which will drive up farm input costs like diesel fuel, natural gas, fertilizer, transportation and electricity. He would also push for more market access for livestock, grain and oilseed producers in free trade negotiations and support more agriculture research. He also wants more harmonization of farm product regulations with Canada’s trading partners and to ensure farm safety net programs are predictable, bankable and manageable. He also wants the environmental stewardship provided by Canadian farmers to be recognized and rewarded for its positive impacts on wetlands conservation, carbon sequestration, reforestation, species protection and maintaining pollinator habitat.

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They’re not crystal clear, but these icicles are still as cold as can be.   photo: hermina janz


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Assess the risk when bringing in calves

Mingling animals, transport times, light weights, and even weather can be factors that increase the risk of BRD ROY LEWIS DVM Beef 911


here are many factors to consider when bringing in calves to feed in order to minimize BRD (bovine respiratory disease), which is still the No. 1 cause of morbidity and often mortality in our feedlots. Knowing the history of the calves regarding weaning time, distance transported, vaccination, and health history — as well as upcoming weather conditions — will help you determine the level of risk. Each pen or group of calves needs to be independently assigned a risk category — ranging from low risk to ultra-high risk — in order

to determine how they should be handled. The overall goal is to prevent a disease outbreak and high death loss by implementing management changes so you will get top performance from your calves. If we can determine the risk level ahead of time that gives us a hand up in battling the respiratory and other pathogens we know the calves may be exposed to. The final step is making the economic calculation of preventive cost in terms of vaccines, labour, or metaphylactic (mass medication) antibiotics versus treatment and potentially higher death loss. As with most things in farming, this is a gamble and, of course, there are always unknowns that can blindside us. In bringing in calves or, for

that matter, feeding your own calves, there are many factors which increase risk and we need to manage or handle these as best as we can. Try and ask yourself the question ahead of time: ‘What is the risk level of this group of calves for developing respiratory disease and is there any management changes I need to make to mitigate or minimize this risk?’ Calves at high risk of developing BRD are generally considered to be those presenting with one or more of these points: 1) They have been commingled because they came from an auction market or were mixed at home. Once a group has settled, avoid adding in more calves. Filling a pen with animals from as minimal a number of original owners as possible is better.

2) Extended transport times where calves become stressed and dehydrated. Loading and unloading create the highest level of stress. In my opinion, when calves are transported huge distances — such as from another province — it tips them into the ultra-highrisk category. The more local we can source cattle, the better. However, that is often not possible as very often calves are raised and fed in two totally different areas of the country. In that case, think of using electrolytes solutions (such as DeStress) before transporting long distances. 3) Bad weather or wide temperature swings can create severe stress. Watching the weather channel may help, but you need to buy when you can. The farther the distance trav-

elled, the more likely these temperature fluctuations are going to happen. 4) The on-arrival procedures (such as castration, dehorning, and branding) all have their stressors. The cattle industry is always under scrutiny from an animal welfare perspective for these procedures and in the majority of cases, castration is done way ahead of weaning. Polled bulls are eliminating horns or the calves are dehorned early, while dehorning in the feedlot these days generally involves tipping the few horns that are left. If financial institutions, feeder associations, and grazing reserves did not require branding, there would be little done anymore. If you need to brand, minimize size and See BEEF 911 on next page »

Record snow and rain stretches across parched U.S. west The long-lasting drought conditions have now been replaced by danger of flooding BY LAILA KEARNEY Reuters


ecord snow and rain pummelled the western United States last week, raising the threat of floods and freezing temperatures in some areas across the region, weather officials said. Winter storm warnings were in effect in parts of California, Colorado, Wyoming and Utah following days of snowfall and cold. California, where a five-year drought has triggered dozens of wildfires, was bracing for floods after heavy rainfall earlier in the week, U.S. National Weather Service said. Snow in the Sierra Nevada mountain range, which provides a critical source of water for California and has receded in recent years, is forecast to be twice the monthly average for January. Snowstorms battered Oregon, which was in the grips of a moderate drought last year, prompting the closure of highways and schools. In Medford, Oregon, a winter storm dumped more than eight inches of snow in a single day, the most the city has recorded over a 24-hour period in nearly a century, KTVL News 10 reported. The Oregon State Police reported that its field office, located about 50 miles southeast of Portland, was buried under at least five feet of snow. In Boise, the capital city of Idaho, 6.5 inches of snow fell Jan. 4, the most ever recorded on that date, the Weather Service said. Snow depth in the area was 15 inches, another record, it said.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

BEEF 911 Continued from previous pg.

number of characters as much as possible. Better analgesics (painkillers) and anti-inflammatory drugs are being commonly administered, and that will help minimize stress in these painful situations. 5) Calves recently weaned with no or a poor (unknown) vaccination history. The old p re c o n d i t i o n e d p r o g r a m s where calves have already been weaned a month is ideal. The more protection from respiratory pathogens, the better. This would include the viral as well as the bacterial components of the BRD complex. Don’t forget the clostridials and histophilus in your vaccination protocols. 6) Lightweight calves or nutritionally compromised or parasitized — internal parasites suppress the immune system — may also carry an additional level of risk. For me, calves under 400 pounds would be considered ultra-high risk. For the four- to five-weight calves high risk and above 600 pounds, it depends on the other categories above as to how their risk was assessed. Veterinarians will vary in their opinions here. If calves fall into any one of the above categories they are considered high risk. Low risk are essentially your own calves — pre-immunized and weaned at home into a situation where they know where feed and water are. Weaning in older, heavier calves and weaning in good weather with either fenceline or some other type of soft weaning is considered low risk. It is ideal to remove the cows from the calves and that they are used to the ration they will be fed. Even in these situations, pulls for respiratory disease can climb and you reach a point where treating them with antibiotics may become necessary to thwart an outbreak. With high-risk calves then, the dilemma is what to do when you get them. Your herd veterinarian will have a protocol for what he or she believes is best and, again, it may vary pen to pen. Most would consider giving the necessary vaccinations and processing and covering with metaphylactic antibiotics. The newer macrolide antibiotics last a long time in the lungs and they are in a completely different family than our treatment antibiotics. Usually the label states for the control of BRD or to use in cattle at high risk of developing BRD. This is where knowing the risk level of the calves coming into your feeding pen is critical. In the past, antibiotics were given in the feed but they needed to be given for a long period of time and are hard to manage in large feedlots in order to avoid residues. The macrolide antibiot ics come with a cost, so this is where the risk/benefit comes in (and labour has to be factored into the equation as well). Our experience has shown us that by assessing the pens and using the appropriate vaccination, deworming, and metaphylactic treatment protocols, BRD can be drastically reduced. In the future, other antimicrobial treatments as well as earlier detection of BRD and even more comprehensive vaccine programs will hopefully reduce mortality and morbidity even further. Roy Lewis practised large-animal veterinary medicine for more than 30 years and now works part time as a technical services veterinarian for Merck Animal Health.

Hayes named dairy commissioner Outspoken supply management advocate latest member of industry body STAFF


ennifer Hayes, a Shigwake, Que. dairy producer, is now commissioner of the Canadian Dairy Commission. Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAulay announced the three-year term Jan. 3. The CDC is a Crown corporation established in 1966 to co-ordinate federal and provincial dairy policies and create a control mechanism for milk production aimed to avoid shortages and surpluses, and stabilize revenues. The CDC board of directors is appointed by the Government of Canada upon the recommendation of the minister of agriculture and agri-food.

Dairy Commissioner Jennifer Hayes.   PHOTO: LAIT.ORG

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2016-12-22 10:51 AM


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

WEATHER VANE “Everyone talks about the weather, but no one does anything about it.” Mark Twain, 1897

Is a winter heat wave moving in? Issued: Monday, January 9, 2017 · Covering: January 11 – January 18, 2017 Daniel Bezte Weather Vane


t seems we are moving into a pattern of cold and settled weather, interspersed with per iods of warm and active weather. The current medium-range forecast looks to support this. This forecast period will begin on the cold side as an area of arctic high pressure builds southward behind a Colorado low that passed by to our south early in the week. Central regions could see a few flurries on Thursday as a weak low passes through this region. This low will be followed by a reinforcing shot of cold air that will plunge temperatures into the -27 to -30 C range by Friday morning. Fortunately, it looks like this cold air will quickly move off to the east and we should see temperatures begin to moderate on Saturday. The weather looks to become ver y interesting next week as a deep low digs off the West Coast of North

America and an area of high pressure develops over the western U.S. These two features will combine to help pump plenty of mild Pacific air across the Prairies. C u r r e n t l y, t h e w e a t h e r models show daytime highs around -5 C on Sunday over wester n regions, with this warmth pushing east on Monday. Temperatures will continue to warm next week, with daytime highs forecasted to be near or possibly even above freezing by Wednesday. These mild temperatures are expected to last right through until the weekend. Attention will then turn to all of the Pacific energy coming inland; at some point this will bring the potential for more active weather, but that is still a far way off. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, -23 to -6 C; lows, -34 to -15 C. Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at

2016 severe weather season summary

This issue’s weather graphic shows the total number of severe summer weather events that took place across the Prairie provinces in 2016. Hail was the main severe weather event last summer; Manitoba led the way with 147 hail events and Alberta came in a close second with 144 events.

A lot of severe summer weather in 2016

Manitoba, in an unusual twist, topped Alberta for the number of severe hail events in 2016 BY DANIEL BEZTE Co-operator contributor


ith the beginning of a n e w ye a r c o m e s the usual list of top 10 things about the previous year, and in the category of weather, this really appears to be the case. There are the top 10 Prairie weather stories, top 10 Canadian weather stories, and the top 10 world weather stories, which often tend to be skewed toward U.S. weather stories. While I will do an article or two about the different top weather stories from across our region and the world, for this week’s article I thought I would take a look at a summary bulletin that was issued by Environment and Climate Change Canada. The bulletin was issued in late December and was a summary of severe summer weather across the Prairies. I have to thank the website “A Weather Moment” ( for capturing this bulletin, as they don’t stick around on Environment Canada’s website for very long. This bulletin is a summary of severe summer weather that is, for the most part, related to thunderstorms, and looks at the occurrence of severe hail,

Overall, Manitoba was the only province that saw above-average numbers of severe weather events across all four categories.

wind, rain and tornadoes and compares what happened in 2016 to the 30-year average. The period of time that was covered by this summary is April to September, and the period of average is from 1980 to 2009. The definition of “severe weather” from Environment Canada is as follows: A severe thunderstorm event is the occurrence of one or more of: large hail (two centimetres or larger in diameter), heavy rain (50 mm or more within one hour), strong winds (gusts of 90 km/h or greater, which could cause structural wind damage) or a tornado. 2016 was a very active year for severe summer weather across the Prairies, with a total of 595 severe weather reports. This is about a 139 per cent increase over the 30-year average of 249 reports. Manitoba was the most active region, followed by Alberta and then Saskatchewan.

Looking at the bar graph above that breaks out the type of severe weather by province, you can quickly see that severe hail events were by far the most numerous, with 368 total events. This compares to the average of 129 events. O f p a r t i c u l a r i n t e re s t i s the fact that Manitoba beat out Alberta. Typically, Alberta sees the greatest number of severe hail events, with an average of 50 events, whereas Ma n i t o b a’s a v e ra g e i s 3 3 . This is due in par t to the high elevation in Alberta that results in shorter distances for the hailstones to fall. This gives the hailstones less time to melt on the way down, as compared to Manitoba. Looking at the next categor y, severe wind events, Manitoba once again came out on top, with 55 events. In fact, Manitoba came out on top for all of the severe weather categories, with Alber ta coming in second

Table: Severe weather events on the Prairies, 2016 Event type


30-year average

Change (%)




















































in three of the categor ies and tying for second in one. Overall, Manitoba was the only province that saw aboveaverage numbers of severe weather events across all four categories. Alberta saw above-average amounts of all events but tornadoes, while Sa s k a t c h e w a n s a w a b ov e average amounts of severe

hail and rain events, but was slightly below average in the wind and tornado categories. The tables shown here should help highlight these numbers. Once again, I’d like to thank A Weather Moment for capturing this data. In the next issue we’ll begin our look at the top weather events of 2016.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

CROPS h u s b a n d r y — t h e s c i e n c e , S K I L L O R ART O F F AR M IN G

Wheat hybrids possible but are benefits big enough? “The (wheat hybridization) system has been tried before by many other people, but we got it working.”

Co-operator staff


t s e e m s c o m m e rc i a l i z i n g hybrid wheat has been just over the horizon for years, but it’s now on the market in Europe and Marcus Weidler, head of Seeds Canada, for Bayer CropScience, says the company is developing hybrid wheat for Canada. “Hybrid wheat in Europe is a commercial reality,” Weidler said in a Dec. 15 interview. “The company (which is not Bayer) producing hybrid wheat in Europe is having a hard time keeping up with the demand. It is sold out every single year.” Around a million acres of hybrid wheat are seeded annually in Europe — mostly in France and a lesser amount in Germany, he said. Typically it’s grown where farmers face more production challenges, Weidler said. But the biggest advantage of hybrids over open-pollinated crops, is heterosis, where a crossbred individual demonstrates qualities superior to both parents, with the goal being higher yields. More yield is also essential to offset higher hybrid seed production costs, especially for wheat, which is normally self-pollinating and has heavy pollen that doesn’t travel far. Hybrid seed production and distribution costs are the main reasons for commercialization delays. But Bayer CropScience has developed several small-scale systems that work and is confident they can be expanded. “The volumes are so huge it takes a long time to scale this up and also to have it reliably working is key...” Weidler said. “The system has been tried before by many other people, but we got it working.” Hybrid wheat is expected to yield 10 to 15 per cent more than open-pollinated cultivars, he said. Is that enough? That’s the question Rob Graf, a winter wheat breeder with Agriculture and Agri-

Marcus Weidler

Bayer CropScience is working to commercialize hybrid wheat for the Canadian market, says Marcus Weidler, Bayer CropScience’s head of seeds in Canada.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON

Food Canada in Lethbridge, asked during his presentation ahead of a panel discussion on wheat research during the 3rd Canadian Wheat Symposium in Ottawa Nov. 23. Weidler was one of the panellists. The upper range of the hybrid wheat yield projection is for feed wheats, Graf added. “In quality wheats the heterosis is much lower,” Graff said. Based on average Saskatchewan wheat yields, a 15 per cent increase translates into 5.4 more bushels an acre, he said. “Not bad, but is it enough?” In Manitoba 15 per cent more yield adds another 8.7 bushels an acre. “I would say in essence hybrids, when they come, if we have that kind of yield they will be used, but they won’t be for everyone,” Graf said.

Jim Anderson, a wheat breeder at the University of Minnesota, said with the exception of Nebraska State University and Texas A&M, most publicly funded American breeders are taking a “wait-and-see approach.” “If they are successful that is great for the industry, but if not, the public will still be there developing those inbreds,” Anderson said. “I think there is a good chance for some success there but the key is to having that economical (hybrid) seed production and then working with the seeding rates so the growers don’t have to purchase quite so much seed to put into the ground.” The rate of hybrid wheat yield gain will not keep pace with inbred lines, Graf said. “The main reason for that is with hybrids the lines that are

males to females must incorporate many more traits that make them ideal female lines,” he said. “The rate of (yield) increase in hybrids, after that initial boost in heterosis, will actually be slower and so in essence what will happen is over time inbred line breeding will meet and surpass the yield of hybrids.” It’s partly because there are so many genes involved in wheat breeding, Graf said. Wheat breeders in the past complained about a yield drag because of kernel visual distinguishability (KVD) — a prerequisite for registering new western Canadian milling wheats, which ended in 2008. “In fact with hybrids you are probably adding far more trades than with KVD,” he said. Hybrids are primarily a way for breeding firms to get a return on investment, he said. “And I don’t think it is a secret to anyone that there are very definitely major challenges ahead for hybrids. I am not saying that it can’t be done, but there are significant challenges.” Seed grown from a hybr id crop lacks heterosis. As a result a farmer must buy new seed if he or she wants to grow that variety again. Va r i e t y d e ve l o p e r s n e e d a return on investment, but instead of investing in hybrids innovative ways to capture value should be found, Graf said. “If we can move the investment

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Seed quality highly variable A tough growing year has translated into seed that can have lower germ levels BY ANGELA LOVELL Co-operator contributor


eed quality in Manitoba for the upcoming growing season is a mixed bag depending on the crop, according to Holly Gelech, manager of business development for BioVision Seed Labs in Winnipeg. The average germination of wheat seed tested from the 2016 crop is 86.3 per cent, down six per cent from the fiveyear high of around 92 per cent in 2012. “We are definitely seeing poor seed quality in our lab,” said Gelech. “We have had a lot of (germination) results in the 70s and low 80s but some samples are carry-over from the 2015 crop, which is bringing this number up a bit.” Germination in barley samples to date is similar, averaging 87.9 per cent compared to 2012’s high of around 93 per cent.

Disease challenges In her presentation to the Manitoba Agronomists Conference in December, Gelech said the biggest challenge that Manitoba cereal seed growers faced in 2016 was incrop disease, and the lab has also seen some pre-sprouting and high moisture content samples in cereals. Reflecting the high level of fusarium head blight seen in Manitoba fields this year, lots of wheat seed samples are showing high levels of infection with seed-borne fungus, primarily Fusarium graminearum. Of the 2016 wheat samples tested so far, the average fusarium infection rate is 18.5 per cent compared to just three per cent in 2012. Fusarium fungus spores germinate in the seed and form pink mycelium which covers the seed and may kill it. As observed in the germination test, some seedlings may

start to grow but the roots and shoots will brown and die back. In some cases, germination may only be around 50 per cent of these infected seeds. “We even saw an oat sample that was infected at 34.5 per cent and oats are rarely susceptible to Fusarium graminearum,” said Gelech. “It’s a really bad year for seed-borne pathogens in Manitoba.” Gelech says the lab is also seeing some frost-damaged seeds from northern areas of the province, as well as some chemical damage from preharvest herbicide applications. Chemical-damaged seeds may sprout but the shoots and roots stop growing soon after. The news is better for Manitoba soybean growers. Soybean average germination has been trending upwards over the past five years from 82 per cent in 2012 to just over 94 per cent for 2016 samples. Soybeans in 2016 did not face some of the challenges of the last few years, such as hot ambient temperatures which resulted in very dry seed.

Now what? So what are seed growers — and producers — to do with this poor-quality seed? There are a number of things they can do to assess the usability of their seed, said Gelech. The first thing to do is test seed in the fall for germination, seed-borne disease diagnosis and trait testing. It’s important to understand how the germination test results stack up against the minimum germination ratings for pedigree seed in the Canada Seeds Act Grain Tables. “For cereals like wheat and barley it’s 85 per cent germination, durum wheat is 80 per cent and soybean is 85 per cent,” said Gelech. “It’s important to understand where you fit in the whole ballpark. At 50 per cent germination, are you even in the game? At 84 per cent you are close.”

Each province has different tolerances for Fusarium graminearum, so growers need to know where their disease results put them in terms of the salability of their seed. In Alberta seed may not be sold that has any level of Fusarium graminearum, whereas in Saskatchewan the maximum fusarium content is region dependent. Due to the high prevalence of FHB in Manitoba, the province recommends producers employ best management practices when growing infected seed. Talking to seed retailers and agronomists can help growers check the quality of seed that is available in their region.

Storage considerations Growers should try and achieve optimal seed temperature and moisture levels going into the bin to ensure that the seed will store through the winter months. The Canadian Grain Commission has safe storage guidelines on its website. Any measures growers can take inseason to ensure crop uniformity at harvest will help prevent issues in storage down the road. “This year there is a lot of green seed going into bins which can cause premature spoilage,” said Gelech.


Resolution guidelines and worksheets can be found at or call 204-982-2122.


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There is some discussion that fusarium spores will eventually die off in storage, but much of the information about this has come from areas with warmer winters. “Fusarium spores will not die off in extreme cold temperatures like -10° to -20°‚” said Gelech. “Under our winter conditions it is going to be very rare that you will see a sizable reduction in the pathogen in the course of one winter.” Another germination test in March will reconfirm seed quality, and if growers plan to plant in cool soil conditions a cool stress test will provide an indication of how the seed is likely to perform under those conditions. Knowing seed size is important so growers can target a seeding rate that will ensure good crop establishment. Finally, when it’s time to plant, protecting the seed with a seed treatment will help hold down the growth of any seedborne fungus and improve germination. “If you have a low germination because of frost damage or something else the seed treatment isn’t going to bring the germination up, but it will help control any seedborne fungus during that critical first week of sprouting,” said Gelech.


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that may be going to hybrids (and) put it into line breeding long term I would suggest we would be better off,” he said. Improved yield is Bayer CropScience’s main motivation for hybrid wheat, not capturing revenue, Weidler said later. A slower rate of yield gain hasn’t been the case with hybrid canola, he said. “We have also seen in canola the last 10 years the average yield increase is 4.4 per cent, which is unmatched a n y w h e r e ,” We i d l e r s a i d . “Other crops show me that there might be good reason to believe that the breeders can manage this and come up with the same yield gain or maybe better yield gain than when you have line breeding.”

Disease issues can really hurt seed germination, making testing before planting very important.   PHOTO: BioVision Labs



HYBRIDS Continued from page 17

2016-11-25 1:50 PM

Rob Graf, a winter wheat breeder with Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada in Lethbridge, said at a meeting in Ottawa last year that the money being invested on hybrid wheat would probably be better spent on inbred lines and innovative methods could be developed so breeders can collect a return from their varieties.   PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON

The cost of producing and distributing hybrid wheat seed is the biggest challenge, Weidler said. Not only does wheat have a bigger seed and is bulkier than canola, the ideal wheat field plant population is four times that of canola. Contrary to the production of hybrid canola seed, to serve western Canadian farmers hybrid wheat production needs to be decentralized. “It means we will have a big number of partners to help us produce the right amount and the right quality of seed for a specific geography,” Weidler said. “There is no way to have central production, absolutely no way. But to be clear, we do not have all the answers. We are in conversation with a lot of people to get this done. Nobody has done this before.” Hybrid wheat production is also complex and time sensitive, he said. “No. 1 is to synchronize males and females,” Weidler said. “And the second challenge is a chemical hybridization agent, which has to be applied in a very tight window to the females so they are male sterile. If you can’t get into the field because it is too wet, or it has been too dry and you don’t want to stress the plants, that can be a challenge. “The key in hybrid wheat is to come up with a sustainable, easy-to-use hybridization system to produce it.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Lower air pressure in tires to reduce soil compaction There are no easy solutions to soil compaction but there are some strategies to help avoid it By Shannon VanRaes Co-operator staff / St. Jean Baptist


tice,” said Riekman, noting some studies put the chance of a farmer recouping the cost through increased yield at about 50 per cent.

Marla Riekman speaks at St. Jean Baptist Farm Days.   Photo: Shannon VanRaes T:6 in

T:12.5 in

or producers soil compaction probably feels like an unwinnable catch-22. They need to get out and perform field operations to grow crops, but each pass contributes to the creation of soil compaction that can seriously hinder productivity. Provincial land management specialist Marla Riekman told producers at the recent St. Jean Baptist Farm Days that there are no easy answers for this challenge. “I have to admit soil compaction is one of my most hated topics to discuss with farmers,” she said. “Because I don’t have a lot of great solutions... but there are some things you can control.” That includes keep tires aired down and being aware of axle loads. “ We d o h a v e a l o t o f human-induced compaction and that is where we have excessive or untimely tillage, and things like wheel traffic and axle load are the main contributors to it,” Riekman said. “So the topic here is really, how much you can control, because there is a lot here you can’t control.” Shallow compaction, which occurs in the first six to eight inches of soil, is caused by wheel traffic and can be reduced by lowering tire pressure, she said, noting a tire at 10 psi will have an actual force between 11 and 12 psi when in contact with the soil. “So we need to remember that tire inflation is really important and that road speed is going to be two to three times higher than what you would need for trafficking in a field,” Riekman said. “I know that we don’t often think about checking our tire pressure and adjusting tire pressure for field conditions, but we do need to start thinking about that.” The lowest psi recom mended for any particular tire is the appropriate psi for field traffic, she said. But deep compaction can also be a serious issue, even though it occurs three to four feet below the soil surface. “Deep compaction is somet h i n g w e d o n’t o f t e n t a l k about and deep compaction is related to axle load,” said Riekman. “If you think about what axle loads are now, compared to what we used to have, they are growing.” She noted that many pro-

ducers took grain trucks off their fields to reduce the compaction caused by their narrow tires, but then replaced them with ever-larger grain carts. “And the bigger and heavier these grain carts are becoming, the more deep compaction may end up happening in those fields,” she said. “So it’s something to think about.” While experts suggest not running carts over the field while full, Riekman said even avoiding running full carts over the field presents its own challenges. But the effects of compaction are real, including suppressed root growth and lower yields. “You’re also going to have decreased water movement, because now you don’t have that pore space for water to move through,” she said. “So how does the soil compact? Well it’s simple, there is air spaces in soil, there are spaces that have water and there are spaces that have air, when the soil is crushed all the spaces that have air are crushed down.” Conversely, a little bit of compaction in a dry year can a c t u a l l y i n c re a s e y i e l d by helping soil hold more moisture, although reduced air pockets also make it more difficult for roots to access nutrients like potassium. “So what can I do to fix this? If we caused the problem using iron, through tillage, or if it was travelling over the field, or heavy axle load, can we fix the problem by using more iron?” asked Riekman. Deep tillage can be an o p t i o n , d o n’t j u s t d i g t h e shanks of a subsoiler down as deep as possible and head across the field. Instead determine the depth of the compaction and till one inch below that measurement. “To me that is just wasting fuel. You want to go just under it and skim it and see if you can break that up, because if you just start sinking, what happens is you cause a problem deeper and you can’t go any deeper than that,” Riekman said, adding the timing of such tillage is also crucial. “If you’re going to be subsoiling you need your soil to be dry,” she said, adding that usually means working it in the fall, but also making sure the soil isn’t so dry that there is soil loss. Another factor farmers must consider is the cost of subsoiling, which may or may not prove effective. “It’s a very expensive prac-

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Big data and agriculture markets: Part 1

We’re awash in market information and using modern approaches can help manage and understand it all David Derwin Hedging your bets


ig data has got a lot of attention: from online shopping patterns that encourage you to buy, to life insurance to lower premiums and, of course, to the financial markets to increase returns and reduce risk. The agriculture industry has seen plenty of number crunching focusing on production and operations information technology, crop sciences advancements and high-precision equipment. In this world of big data, farmers gain an advantage by comparing field data, fine tuning fertilizer application rates or studying combine and harvest efficiencies. Farm marketing and hedging strategies must stay ahead of the curve as well. However, the marketing and risk management side of farming has not received enough scientific analysis and attention to detail. Over the past 20 years, I’ve read numerous studies, reports and surveys that have shown that only between five and 10 per cent of Canadian farmers use market-based options and futures hedging tools to manage their farm revenues. This compares with around a third of farmers in the U.S. It’s a bit surprising to see that difference, but there are reasons for it. The two countries have very different grain storage, handling and delivery

“Farmers can grow the best crop in the world, but many agree that their marketing needs improvement.”

systems. There’s the lingering decades-long influence of the Canadian Wheat Board’s nowdefunct single desk. While the two countries are very similar there are different attitudes towards business and markets in Canada and the U.S. In this U.S. a more developed commodity futures industry has educated American farmers, and promoted and encouraged the use of these tools. The objective of this threepart series is to address the myths, misperceptions and opportunities in agriculture commodity marketing.

What do we know? Farm businesses need to implement the marketing advantages uniquely available to them to level the playing field between farmers and other market participants. Part 1 will review what we know now and where we are today. Part 2 will explore some myths and misperceptions and opportunities in agriculture commodity marketing and hedging. Part 3 of the series offers up some opportunities and provide some real-time

wheat volatility 1986 - 2015

marketing and hedging solutions for farm businesses. What do we know so far? T h e re h a v e b e e n s o m e attempts to quantify and apply rigorous scientific analysis to farm marketing and hedging with a couple of larger studies done over 10 years ago. In 2000 and then again in 2006, professors at the University of Illinois undertook performance studies of grain market advisory hedging services for wheat, corn and soybeans. The main conclusions of these studies were: • “There is limited evidence that advisory programs as a group outperform benchmarks (including selling equally throughout the year), particularly after considering risk.” • “… the results provide little evidence that future advisory program pricing performance can be usefully predicted from past performance.” • “… producers selecting topperforming programs based on a given year, and expecting them to continue to be topperforming funds, would actu-

ally experience just the opposite result.” A final question raised by these studies is: • “… whether farmers can most effectively improve marketing performance by pursuing ‘active’ strategies, like those recommended by advisory services, or ‘passive’ strategies, which involve spreading sales across the marketing window.” As we’ll see, research shows that the answer is somewhere in the middle: Not by pursuing just active or passive strategies but by implementing a proactive combination of both – ones that are “actively passive” or “passively active.”

Right questions? With only so few Canadian farmers using all the selling and hedging tools available to them, it shows not enough effort and attention is focused on marketing. Self-admittedly, farmers can grow the best crop in the world, but many agree that their marketing needs improvement. This is where “farming” big data can help bridge that gap. Wikipedia offers a thought-provoking definition of “big data”: an information set so large and complex it is impossible to process using traditional tools. If markets are indeed large and complex, that then begs the question: Are traditional marketing tools like production contracts or even futures contracts sufficient to properly manage and

fully process your marketing plan? Furthermore, if every hedger, trader, investor or analyst is using the same data analysis, indicators or newsletters, then asking the right question becomes key. There’s a saying that goes: “What gets measured, gets treasured.” If more time and effort is invested into marketing to fully manage revenue, balance risk, and measure outcomes, then farmers will more likely treasure their marketing results, especially in these volatile times. One comment I hear a lot from farmers is: “Markets are more volatile than ever!!” Is this true? Yes. Most agriculture markets have become more volatile over the past few decades, some more than others, such as grain markets compared to livestock. For example, wheat volatility trends have doubled since the late 1980s. So what do you do about this increased volatility and uncertainty? How do you better manage the associated risks? As a first step, the next article in this series addresses some of the main myths and misperceptions that surround commodity marketing. David Derwin is a commodity portfolio manager with PI Financial Corp. The views here are his own, presented for educational purposes, rather than as specific market advice. For a copy of the complete research study “Farming Big Data — Myths, Misperceptions & Opportunities in Agriculture Commodity Hedging” contact him at dderwin@

Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers

“Consumers want to understand who we are and what we do. The best person to explain this is a farmer.” Natacha Lagarde, Agvocate Maple Syrup Producer

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Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. These products have been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from these products can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for these products. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® technology contains genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, an active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™ soybeans contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate and dicamba. Agricultural herbicides containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate, and those containing dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Contact your Monsanto dealer or call the Monsanto technical support line at 1-800-667-4944 for recommended Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System weed control programs. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for canola contains the active ingredients difenoconazole, metalaxyl (M and S isomers), fludioxonil and thiamethoxam. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for canola plus Vibrance® is a combination of two separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients difenoconazole, metalaxyl (M and S isomers), fludioxonil, thiamethoxam, and sedaxane. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for corn (fungicides and insecticide) is a combination of four separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients metalaxyl, trifloxystrobin, ipconazole, and clothianidin. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for corn (fungicides only) is a combination of three separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients metalaxyl, trifloxystrobin and ipconazole. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for corn with Poncho®/VoTivo™ (fungicides, insecticide and nematicide) is a combination of five separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients metalaxyl, trifloxystrobin, ipconazole, clothianidin and Bacillus firmus strain I-1582. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for soybeans (fungicides and insecticide) is a combination of four separate individually registered products, which together contain the active ingredients fluxapyroxad, pyraclostrobin, metalaxyl and imidacloprid. Acceleron® seed applied solutions for soybeans (fungicides only) is a combination of three separate individually registered products, which together contain the active ingredients fluxapyroxad, pyraclostrobin and metalaxyl. Acceleron®, Cell-Tech™, DEKALB and Design®, DEKALB®, Genuity and Design®, Genuity®, JumpStart®, Optimize®, RIB Complete®, Roundup Ready 2 Technology and Design®, Roundup Ready 2 Xtend™, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup Transorb®, Roundup WeatherMAX®, Roundup Xtend™, Roundup®, SmartStax®, TagTeam®, Transorb®, VaporGrip®, VT Double PRO®, VT Triple PRO® and XtendiMax® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. Used under license. Fortenza® and Vibrance® are registered trademarks of a Syngenta group company. LibertyLink® and the Water Droplet Design are trademarks of Bayer. Used under license. Herculex® is a registered trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC. Used under license. Poncho® and Votivo™ are trademarks of Bayer. Used under license. ©2016 Monsanto Canada Inc.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

New food nutritional label guidelines in the works The changes are part of a Health Canada strategy to promote healthy eating BY ALEX BINKLEY Co-operator contributor


he federal government is serving up changes to its nutrition labelling rules to help consumers make healthier food choices. The changes are part of Health Minister Jane Philpott’s Healthy Eating Strategy, to encourage Canadians to reduce their consumption of salt, sugar and other unhealthy ingredients. The big changes for consumers will be in the nutrition facts boxes on food products and the adoption of label advisories. The changes will be phased in during the next five years as the rest of the strategy is unveiled. Michi Furuya Chang, vicepresident of scientific affairs and nutrition with Food and Consumer Products of Canada, welcomed the nutrition facts changes, additional ingredient information and food colour declarations to help achieve a balanced diet. “We are not aware of whether these changes have been tested with Canadians. This will be a critical step as Health Canada moves forward with more complex elements of its Healthy Eating Strategy,” she said. “There are many modern policy and education tools available to achieve this goal, and, in addition to the latest nutrition science, consumer market research is the most direct and concrete way of assessing consumer response to these tools and policy proposals.” Chris Kyte, president of Food Processors of Canada, questioned whether labels alone would change consumer attitudes. “Anything to help consumers make informed choices is a good thing.” But labels alone are unlikely to “change diets and lead to healthier people. Health Canada and the provinces must invest heavily to promote healthy eating.” The new labels will include more information on serving sizes of different foods, Health Canada says. “A simple rule of thumb, five per cent is a little, 15 per cent is a lot, has also been added to the Nutrition Facts Table to help Canadians use the per cent daily value (per cent DV ) to better understand the nutritional composition of a single product or to better compare two food products.” Consumers will be able to learn more about the sugar content of foods from the new labels. Allergen information will be easier to read and a new health claim will also be allowed on fruits and vegetables about the health benefits of these foods. It will say that a healthy diet, rich in a variety of vegetables and fruit, may help reduce the risk of heart disease. What’s driving the Healthy Eating Strategy is data that shows four out of five Canadians risk developing conditions such as cancer, heart disease or Type 2 diabetes, that six out of 10 adults are overweight and one-third of youth are overweight or obese.

“Anything to help consumers make informed choices is a good thing.” Chris Kyte Food Processors of Canada

Consultations with consumers and the food industry found support for more informative and easier-to-read labels, the department said. It is currently consulting on revisions to Canada’s Food Guide and front-of-package warnings about foods that are high in sugars, sodium and saturated fat. It is also collecting views about a proposal to ban the use of industrial trans fat in foods.

Health Canada is recommending nutrition label changes.   PHOTO: HEALTH CANADA

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Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. These products have been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from these products can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for these products. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship.


ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® soybeans contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate and dicamba. Agricultural herbicides 4.0000X10.0000 containing glyphosate will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate, and those containing dicamba will kill crops that are not tolerant to dicamba. Contact your Monsanto dealer or 000076486r1 call the Monsanto technical support line at 1-800-667-4944 for recommended Roundup Ready® Xtend Crop System weed control programs. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend® and Roundup 4C are registered trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC, Monsanto Canada Inc. licensee. Ready®


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

U.S. wheat farmers fret over failing market hedges as incomes slump Many claim the Kansas hard red winter wheat contract is broken but there is no easy fix By Karl Plume Chicago / Reuters


ansas wheat farmer Michael Jordan is breaking with a century-old tradition grain producers have trusted to protect their businesses: He has stopped using futures to hedge risks to his crops. The CME Group’s Kansas City wheat contract sets grain prices for millers, exporters and other grain buyers both today and in the future. Traditionally, prices converge with the price of wheat sold in local cash markets. But Jordan and other U.S. farmers say they no longer trust this hedging tool, amid growing complaints among producers and grain elevators that the hard red winter (HRW ) wheat contract is broken. The last three expiring contracts have gone off the board with widerthan-normal basis at their registered delivery locations, with cash prices 25 per cent or more lower, according to exchange and cash market data. The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is “very aware of the problem” but has not made any promises about if or how the problem may be addressed, said Kansas Wheat Commission chief executive Justin Gilpin, who met with CFTC chairman Timothy Massad in Kansas City in August.

“This is turning a lot of storage hedges and new-crop forward contracts on their heads.” Dan O’Brien an agricultural economist with Kansas State University

The exchange, too, knows there is an issue, but has been reticent to make any promises, said David Schemm, president of the National Association of Wheat Growers. The CFTC declined to comment on the matter to Reuters. CME spokesman Michael Shore told Reuters, “We continue to have discussions with a broad cross-section of customers in this market regarding their concerns,” but he declined to comment directly on the matter.

Sowing uncertainty Futures contract problems have happened before. CME’s soft red winter wheat contract failed to converge for nine straight contract expirations beginning in 2008, before CME implemented a scheme known as variable storage rates (VSR) to force convergence. Among possible solutions being discussed for the HRW contract are a doubling of current storage rates or enacting a VSR scheme, Schemm said.

The issue is sowing financial uncertainty throughout the agricultural economy, from grain elevators and wheat millers to crop insurers and farm banks. “This is turning a lot of storage hedges and new-crop forward contracts on their heads,” said Dan O’Brien, an agricultural economist with Kansas State University. Growers hedge risk via forward cash contracts with elevators, which take market positions to cover their own risk. They, in turn, are able to offer farmers competitive prices for future deliveries of grain. Crop insurance calculations are also askew as prices that set premiums and determine payouts, set by futures prices, are far different than actual cash prices. Schemm said that hurt his own far m. He missed out on a crop insurance payout of about $10,000 because the futures prices used to calculate his policy benefits did not reflect how far the cash market value of his grain had fallen.

Storage woes One key factor behind the contract problem, said Kansas State University agricultural economist Art Barnaby, is storage. The HRW contract sets monthly wheat storage costs at six and nine cents per bushel. But elevators storing HRW wheat for these contracts — including ADM, Cargill, Marubeni Group’s Gavilon Grain — say the price tag for this storage should actually be valued much higher, Barnaby said. That’s because they do not want their storage capacity filled with grain they cannot sell. Meanwhile, massive global supplies of wheat are keeping cash prices low, especially in Kansas, where farmers harvested record-large yields this year. The lack of coming together of futures and cash prices has left many farmers fearful this season. The loss of market protections, they say, threatens to heap further pain on farmers struggling with decade-low grain prices and net farm incomes at a seven-year low. Farmers have used futures for decades to hedge the financial risk of planting a crop by locking in prices for future grain sales. “The whole point of hedging is to protect yourself against price moves,” said Jordan, who planted 1,000 acres of hard red winter wheat this fall in north-central Kansas. “But instead, all this has done is increased the risk.”


It’s durum but it’s not pasta Durum wheat is famous for making good pasta, but there’s another market which is almost as large. Couscous is a staple food in the North African countries of Morocco, Algeria and Libya. It’s made by steaming durum semolina (coarse flour) and is served with a meat or vegetable stew.

Canadian International Grains Institute


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

U.S. grain exports slide after Trump win batters Mexican peso Lower peso means higher cost for Mexican buyers of U.S. grain By Karl Plume CHICAGO / Reuters


exican demand for U . S . g ra i n i m p o r t s h a s s lumped along w i t h t h e c o u n t r y ’s s i n k ing peso as buyers withdrew from the market amid soaring costs in the week since Donald Trump won the presidential election, traders and industry analysts said. Corn prices in pesos j u m p e d m o re t h a n 1 0 p e r cent over night for the top U.S. customer as the surprise election result sent the currency plunging to an all-time low against the dollar, they said. “Pe o p l e a re j u s t w a i t i n g for the dust to settle and trying to get a better feel of where the currency markets are going,” said a U.S. corn exporter who asked not to be named. Trading desk phones that were ringing regularly before the election went quiet in the days that followed, he said. Data showing lower sales to Mexico is likely in upcoming weekly reports, trade sources said, noting the immediate post-election reports would show a flurr y of buying to beat the peso drop. Me x i c o b o u g h t 7 0 9 , 2 6 1 tonnes of U.S. corn in the week prior to the election, three times the average volume over the preceding month, USDA data showed. Traders said it remained too soon to gauge how longer-term trade patterns could shift, but stressed that Mexico has few other options for grain and will continue to be largely reliant on its northern neighbour. “As a country, we are short about 10 million tonnes of corn or more every year. We don’t see many imports other than U.S. corn and I don’t see how that can change,” said an importer at a corn mill i n Me x i c o, w h o a s k e d n o t to be named because he is not authorized to speak with media. Cheap rail freight and zeroduty imports typically make U.S. corn much less expensive than grain hauled in bulk o c e a n v e s s e l s f r o m So u t h America or Europe. Producers of tortillas and other corn-based products will initially absorb the higher cost of grain, but would likely pass them along to consumers if the peso remains weak, he said. Tr u m p h a s e x p r e s s e d a desire to rip up or renegotiate trade agreements including the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA, w h i c h l ow e r s b a r r i e r s o n trade between Mexico and the United States. Mexico is the top U.S. market for corn and pork, and a major buyer of U.S. wheat a n d s oy b e a n s. T h e c o u n try surpassed Japan in U.S. corn imports last season and its purchases this year are already 44 per cent ahead of the same time in 2015, according to USDA data. “We’ll execute the business on the books. But for anything beyond that it’s just too early to say,” said a U.S. corn exporter who declined to

Mexico bought 709,261 tonnes of U.S. corn in the week prior to the election, three times the average volume over the preceding month.

be named because he is not authorized to speak to media. The uncertainty has already affected large exporters of agricultural products, including Archer Daniels Midland whose shares are down nine per cent in the past week. JP Morgan downgraded its rating of the company last week, citing the negative impact of Trump’s p o l i c i e s o n A D M ’s c o r e businesses.

U.S. corn, in the form of favourite foods like tortillas, is an important part of the Mexican diet.   PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

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1/4/17 3:15 PM


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Loonie value will determine 2017 ag outlook FCC’s chief agricultural economist says a low Canadian dollar is expected to continue to benefit the sector STAFF


l ow l o o n i e i s l i k e l y to continue to benefit Canadian farmers through 2017. T h a t’s a c c o rd i n g t o J . P. Gervais, Farm Credit Canada’s chief agricultural economist, who added that will be the continuation of a trend seen throughout 2016. “There are certainly other factors that could influence Canadian agriculture, such as the global economy, the investment landscape, commodity and energy prices,” said Gervais in a release highlighting issues for the comi n g y e a r. “ T h e C a n a d i a n dollar, however, has been a major driver for profitability in the last couple of years and could have the biggest influence on the overall success of Canada’s agriculture industry in 2017.” Gervais is forecasting the dollar will hover around the 75-cent mark and will remain below its five-year average value relative to the U.S. dollar in 2017, potentially making the loonie the most significant economic driver to watch in Canadian agriculture this year. T h e l ow d o l l a r n o t o n l y makes Canada more competitive in agricultural markets relative to some of the world’s largest exporters, but it also means higher farm cash receipts for producers whose commodities are priced in U.S. dollars. The enhanced competitiveness will also mean stronger demand for Canadian agricultural products, an important issue given the higher projected supply of livestock and crops. That could translate into revenue growth, especially for livestock producers who are hoping for a rebound from weak prices in the latter half of 2016. “A l ow e r C a n a d i a n d o l lar makes farm inputs more expensive, but the net impact in terms of our export competitiveness and cash receipts for producers is certainly positive,” Gervais said. “Given the choice, producers are better off with a low dollar than one that’s relatively strong compared to the U.S. dollar.” Food processors are also better off with a low Canadian dollar, which is partly the reason behind the strong growth in the gross domestic product of the sector over the past f e w y e a r s. Ca n a d i a n f o o d

The railways’ seven-figure overages will go to grain research STAFF


h e We s t e r n G ra i n s Research Foundation (WGRF) can soon expect a late gift of over $4.4 million in surplus Prairie grain freight revenue, according to a new ruling from the Canadian Transportation Agency. The agency said Dec. 22 it has determined Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) and Canadian National Railway (CN) went over their maximum revenue entitlements (MREs) for Prairie grain by $3,386,483 and $1,041,913 respectively during the 2015-16 crop year. The two railways’ respective MREs for 2015-16 had been set at $677,879,839 and $684,749,693. CP and CN now have 30 days to pay their overages to the WGRF, which has been the mandated beneficiary for such payments under the Canada Transportation Act since 2000.

The railways also must pay five per cent penalties of $169,324 and $52,096 respectively, the CTA said. CN’s overage for 2015-16 is its third in a row, after it topped its MREs by 0.9 and 0.7 per cent in 2014-15 and 2013-14 respectively. CP’s grain revenue came in 0.3 per cent over its MRE in 2014-15, and 0.3 per cent below its MRE in 2013-14. The two railways together moved 40,393,402 tonnes of Prairie grain in 2015-16, down 2.2 per cent from their total volume in 2014-15, the CTA said. Their combined average length of haul in 2015-16 was 951 miles, up four from the previous crop year. CN’s Prairie grain handle in 2015-16 came in at 19,784,579 tonnes, with an average haul of 1,015 miles. CP’s handle in the same crop year was 20,608,823 tonnes, with an average haul of 890 miles. The annual MREs for CN and CP are calculated each

year using a formula based on total grain tonnage and average length of haul as well as the Volume-Related Composite Price Index (VRCPI). The VRCPI is an inflation index accounting for forecast changes in the two railways’ costs for labour, fuel, material and capital purchases. The agency said in April 2015 it would trim the VRCPI for 201516 by 5.6 per cent, to 1.2517, based in part on a sharperthan-expected drop in fuel costs. In April 2016, however, the CTA bumped up the 201516 VRCPI by 0.8 per cent, to 1.2668, after CN sought an adjustment. CN had applied for the change earlier that month, the agency said at the time, based on a company commitment to obtain over 1,700 hopper cars from its U.S. subsidiaries, replacing federally owned cars being withdrawn from service in Canada.

The lower dollar looks to be a net gain for agriculture.   PHOTO: thinkstock

products are less expensive for foreign buyers, while it is more difficult for foreign food processors to compete in the Canadian market, according to Gervais. “The climate for investment in Canadian food processing is good, given the low dollar and growing demand in the U.S.,” Gervais said. He projects that exports of food manufactured products to the U.S. could climb five per cent in 2017. A lower-than-average exchange rate also supports f o re i g n s a l e s o f a g r i b u s i nesses, as more than 90 per cent of all exports are made to the U.S., and compensate for a weaker overall demand due to the recent downturn in the U.S. farm economy. “ T h e d o l l a r’s i m p a c t o n agr ibusinesses is complex and not as consistent as it is on producers and food p ro c e s s o r s,” s a i d G e r va i s, noting that strong farm cash receipts due to a weak loonie are generally good news for agribusinesses, since they can expect sales to producers to increase with rising revenues. But he also notes that “a weak loonie raises the price of inputs like fertilizers or equipment, making them more expensive for producers, which may impact their purchase decisions.” Our profits are reinvested b a c k i n t o a g r i c u l t u re a n d the communities where our customers and employees live and work. Visit fcc. ca or follow us on Facebook, LinkedIn, and on Twitter @ FCCagriculture.

“A lower Canadian dollar makes farm inputs more expensive, but the net impact in terms of our export competitiveness and cash receipts for producers is certainly positive.” J.P. Gervais

CP, CN both top their grain revenue caps

Let nothing slow you down.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Managing fusarium can reduce risk

Nobody can change the weather, but better crop management can hamper the disease’s spread FHB management is complex and producers need to use all the tools they have available to them.

By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor


usarium head blight continues to be a major challenge for Manitoba farmers, but there’s emerging evidence that they may be able to manage around the worst of it. At the recent Manitoba Agronomists Conference in Winnipeg, Dr. Anita Brûlé-Babel of the department of plant sciences at the University of Manitoba shared a number of management practices that producers can employ to manage the risk of FHB infection. FHB management is complex and producers need to use all the tools they have available to them. “Variety resistance is not complete and producers need to pay attention to what is going on environmentally, but with resistance and these other management practices they can significantly reduce their risk of FHB,” said Brûlé-Babel . There are different types of fusarium that can infect wheat crops, but the most common species in Manitoba is Fusarium graminearum. FHB requires the presence of the pathogen, a sus-

Fusarium head blight is an ongoing challenge but following best management practices can limit the damage.   PHOTOs: ROGER LARIOS

ceptible host and the right environment to develop. The pathogen needs warm, moist conditions, so risk is highest following significant precipitation events and when daytime temperatures are around 16 C to 32 C and nighttime temperatures are above 10 C. Wheat is most susceptible at the flowering

stage, but infection can occur up to the soft-dough stage, and may not always show symptoms, so if FHB has been prevalent in a particular area, producers in that region may want to test for the presence of DON that could be caused by later infections. Manitoba producers have seen a number of severe fusarium head blight (FHB) epidemics over the past 15 years, including the summer of 2016, which has negatively affected both yields and end-use quality. Grain infected with FHB can produce deoxynivale nol (DON), a mycotoxin that affects both food and feed safety and reduces grain marketability when growers have significant levels of infection in their crops.

Planting a resistant variety (left) can give your crop a leg up on susceptible varieties (right).

Know the risk Conditions that increase the risk for FHB can change very quickly, so producers should regularly consult online provincial FHB risk forecast maps. A traditional way to help reduce FHB infection has been to use practices that promote a uniform stand, with the idea that if there is a high risk of FHB, producers can apply a fungicide and it will be more effective if the crop is all at the same stage of maturity. Conversely, varying planting dates either with the spring wheat crop or mixing winter and spring wheat varieties, so not everything is at the same stage at the same time is another option to spread out the risk.

Resistant varieties Producers need to know the susceptibility of the wheat variety they are growing. Provincial seed guides list FHB resistance ratings for spring, winter and durum wheat varieties that are moderately resistant, intermediate, moderately susceptible or susceptible. “In high-risk areas producers should choose at least a moderately resistant variety. Even though there may be other factors that are contributing to their decisions such as yield, height and maturity, FHB resistance should be one of the main considerations,” said Brûlé-Babel. Although FHB resistance ratings are a good first line of defence producers should not assume that using a resistant cultivar is the only management tool needed to control FHB. Other strategies are important to help manage the pathogen, and when combined can help reduce infection by 30 to 50 per cent.

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Producers can use fungicides to suppress FHB symptoms, but they will not give complete control of the disease. Timing of application during flowering is critical to get the most benefit. Research studies have shown that the best time to spray is after 75 per cent of the heads have emerged from the boot. “If the crop is very uniform it makes the decision about what is the optimum time to spray easier. It’s a very short application window, but we have seen with late infections, and even with applications as late as seven days after the optimum timing, some efficacy with these products,” said Brûlé-Babel. “Research has shown that the best efficacy of fungicides is achieved in combination with resistant varieties.” How fungicide is applied is another factor in how much it will help to suppress disease. “When spraying for FHB producers are

trying to attach the fungicide to a vertical surface — not like weed control where the spray is trying to contact the canopy,” said BrûléBabel. “The way that you spray, and the technologies you use to apply the fungicide will also affect the efficacy.”

Healthy seed FHB-infected seed will affect seedling vigour, plant stands and crop uniformity, so producers should always seek to use as healthy seed as possible to ensure a big, uniform, vigorous stand but using infected seed in itself does not necessarily result in higher levels of FHB disease in the crop. Crop rotation plays an important role in helping to reduce FHB infection. Fusarium graminearum survives on crop residue of corn, small grain cereals — wheat, barley and oats ‚ and if infected the pathogen will grow on these residues as long as it is there. Avoiding corn/wheat, wheat/wheat and barley/wheat rotations will help disrupt the disease cycle, as will rotating to non-susceptible crops such as oilseeds or pulses. The length of crop rotation will depend on the rate at which crop residues are decomposing — for example corn crop residues take longer to decompose than other cereal residues, and that may affect residue management decisions. Removing infected crop residue from the field, or using tillage to bury FHB-infected crop residue, will help reduce the level of inoculum, and chopping crop residue into smaller pieces will help it to degrade faster. Brûlé-Babel cautions that under the right conditions FHB spores can travel long distances so good, local management practices will not guarantee there will be no infestation.

Harvest management The allowable fusarium damaged kernels (FDK) in wheat samples is between 0.25 and four per cent by weight depending on the class and grade. Some producers are using increased combine fan speed or shutter opening at harvest to reduce FDK. Another option is to harvest areas of the field with higher infection levels separately. Harvested grain should be dry before it goes into storage. “It’s important to note that grain is graded on FDK but it’s sold on DON levels. FDK and DON are not always highly correlated because it may be different fusarium species causing the disease symptoms, or we may have lateseason infections that don’t show symptoms of the disease, but still have high levels of DON,” said Brûlé-Babel.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Fungicide cleared to curb verticillium wilt in potatoes

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Aprovia gets approval as the first fungicide for this use STAFF


All this snow makes a white dog blend into this wintery scene.   photo: luc gamache

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label expansion for Syngenta’s Aprovia fungicide, to cover additional soil-borne potato diseases, makes it the first fungicide in Canada approved to suppress verticillium wilt in potatoes. Fumigants have been potato growers’ only option against the crop disease until now, Eric Phillips, Syngenta C a n a d a’s f u n g i c i d e s a n d i n s e c t i c i d e s p ro d u c t l e a d , said in a release Jan. 5. Verticillium wilt is considered a common disease in potatoes and sunflowers in Manitoba. The verticillium wilt that turned up in canola in Manitoba in 2014 is a separate species of pathogen. Verticillium wilt, Syngenta said, is “one of the main contributors” to potato earlydying complex, which is “w i d e s p re a d a c r o s s m a n y growing areas, but difficult to identify and effectively manage.” The label expansion, Phillips said, means Aprovia “can be included as part of a grower’s soil disease management plan to help protect potato quality and yield.” In Aprovia the active ingredient — benzovindiflupyr, a Group 7 (SDHI) fungicide which Syngenta markets under the name Solatenol — is packaged as an emulsifiable concentrate at 100 grams per litre of product. Its label covers it for “ b r o a d - s p e c t r u m” c o n t r o l or suppression of listed diseases — including several rusts, leaf spots and powdery mildews — in crops such as potatoes, fruiting vegetables, grapes, pome fruit (apples, pears), blueberries and cucurbits such as cucumbers and squash. In potatoes, the expanded label clears Aprovia for infurrow suppression of verticillium wilt at 750 millilitres of product per hectare (300 ml/acre). At 100-centimetre row spacing, for example, that translates to 7.5 ml of product per 100-metre row. W h e n a p p l i e d i n f u r row at planting, Syngenta said, Aprovia “works from within the plant to help reduce the foliar symptoms of verticillium wilt that appear later in the season.” Aprovia’s label also covers suppression of silver scurf and Rhizoctonia solani, the cause of stem and stolon canker and black scurf, at rates of 500 to 750 ml per hectare (200 to 300 ml/acre) of potatoes. Maximum residue limits (MRLs) for Aprovia have so far been established for markets in Canada and the U.S., the company said.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

EU wheat crop to rebound next season — Strategie Grains The 2017 crop has seen good fall weather, making rising output next year likely PARIS / Reuters


oft wheat output in the European Union is expected to rebound by seven per cent in 2017 after adverse weather hammered crops this year while the barley and maize crops will increase slightly, consultancy Strategie Grains said Dec. 15. Its first forecasts for next year’s crops put 2017 EU soft wheat production at 145.0 million tonnes, compared to an estimated 135.9 million in 2016. The output rise would be entirely due to increased yields, with the sown area seen stable. The EU’s top producer France, whose crops were slashed by heavy spring rain this year, was

expected to record the biggest rise next season. Higher output was also expected in the secondand third-largest producers Germany and Poland, as well as in Nordic and Baltic countries. Meanwhile production was expected to fall in Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Spain and Italy, Strategie Grains said. The consultancy expects barley production in the EU to rise by two per cent next year to 60.9 million tonnes with the harvest seen increasing significantly in France, the Benelux countries and the Baltic states, while falling in Spain, Denmark, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania and Bulgaria.

The EU’s top producer France, whose crops were slashed by heavy spring rain this year, was expected to record the biggest rise next season.

For grain maize, which is sown exclusively in the spring, it also forecast a crop at 60.9 million tonnes, up two per cent on 2016, due to a similar percentage increase in its yield estimate.

Maize output was expected to increase most significantly in France, the Benelux countries, Portugal, Poland, Romania and Bulgaria, but to fall in Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Croatia. In contrast, durum output was expected to fall sharply next year, down nine per cent on 2016 at 8.7 million tonnes. Italy and Greece are both expected to harvest much smaller crops after exceptionally high yields in 2016, it said. Overall, Strategie Grains sees grains production in the 28-member bloc rising four per cent in 2017 to 306.6 million tonnes. Me a n w h i l e a c r o s s t h e British Channel, the U.K. Farm Ministry trimmed its estimate

for this year’s U.K. wheat crop to 14.38 million tonnes from a previously expected 14.47 million. Wheat production was down 12.5 per cent from the prior season’s 16.44 million, largely driven by a 12.1 per cent decline in yields to 7.9 tonnes per hectare. The ministry noted wheat yields were in line with the longer-term average although below the 25-year high of 9.0 tonnes achieved in 2015. Britain’s rapeseed crop was seen at 1.78 million tonnes, little changed from its previous estimate but down 30.2 per cent from 2.54 million in 2015. The decline was driven by a drop in yields of 21.4 per cent and an 11.2 per cent reduction in planted area.

Zambian air force to help fight maize pest The fighting force will be airlifting pesticides to farmers LUSAKA / Reuters


ambia’s President Edgar Lungu has ordered the air force to join other government agencies in an emergency operation to contain the spread of pests that have invaded maize fields in many parts of the country. The army worms, which feast on young maize plants and are capable of wiping out entire fields, have been spotted in about six of Zambia’s 10 provinces, Agriculture Permanent Secretary Julius Shawa said. On Wednesday the Zambia A i r Fo rc e b e g a n a i r l i f t i n g pesticides to the four worstaffected provinces and will team up with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU) in responding to the crisis, presidential spokesman Amos Chanda said in a statement. The air force will not carry out aerial spraying of the insecticide, however. Zambia’s maize production rose to 2.87 million tonnes in the 2015-16 crop season from 2.60 million tonnes the previous season due to better-thananticipated rainfall and early delivery of fertilizer and seed to farmers. “The president is concerned that if the outbreak of the worms is not controlled speedily, the crop yield for 2016-17 may be negatively affected,” Chanda said. The DMMU and the Ministry of Agriculture will conduct random checks starting on Thursday to ensure the emergency spraying operation was going well, Chanda said.

JANUARY 17–19, 2017


BRANDON, MB. visit AGDAYS.COM for full show details


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Winners and losers: The Brandon light tractor plowing demonstrations of 1916 Canadian manufacturers always struggled to maintain relevance with their smaller market BY ALEX CAMPBELL Manitoba Agricultural Museum


here’s little doubt the 1916 Brandon light tractor plowing demonstrations were important in their day and perhaps nothing underlines this than the fact it’s taken three instalments to fully examine them. Sawyer Massey (SM) entered its 16-32 tractor. It was a major Canadian manufacturer of steam engines, threshing machines and other implements and got into the manufacture of gas tractors in 1910. The 16-32 originally used an engine of SM’s own, however, it later used a Minneapolis Steel and Machinery Company engine in the same frame, calling the result a 17-34. Sawyer Massey used a variety of engines in its tractors from outside manufacturers such as Erd, Minneapolis, Waukesha and Climax. The use of outside suppliers of engines demonstrates a problem Canadian manufacturers faced at the time. The Canadian tractor market was not large enough to justify an individual manufacturer maintaining the research, design, testing and manufacturing capacity to produce its own engines. The Case Company, in addition to the Case 10-20, also brought a 12-25 to the demonstrations. Case introduced the 12-25 in 1913. The tractor featured a twocylinder opposed engine operating at 600 r.p.m., a two-shoe friction clutch, sliding gear transmission with two forward speeds, a bull gear and pinion final drive with a floating one-piece rear axle. The cooling system featured a circulation pump, fan and radiator. The Case 12-25 was a cutting-edge design for 1913. The Avery Company brought three tractors to the 1916 demonstrations, the 12-25, the 18-36 and the 25-50. Avery is notable for being the first tractor manufacturer to offer replacement cylinder sleeves for its engines when it began to do so in 1916. Avery tractors in 1916 all featured a very distinctive circular vertical radiator design. It was made up of a large number of tubes arranged in concentric circles connected to bottom and top tanks which were also circular. The top tank had a very large open tube in the centre of the tank. Immediately above this tube was a stack into which the engine exhaust was vented. As the hot gases escaped upwards they created a draft through the large tube which then sucked air through the tubes cooling the engine water. The Avery 12-25 featured a two-cylinder horizontal opposed engine with 6.5-inch bore and 7.0-inch stroke cylinders. The transmission featured two forward speeds and one speed in reverse.

The Canadian-made Sawyer Massey kerosene-burning tractor, pulling a five-bottom 14-inch Powerlift Cockshutt engine plow at the 1916 light tractor demonstration in Brandon.   PHOTO: MANITOBA AGRICULTURAL MUSEUM

The 18-36 was brand new in the Avery lineup in 1916 and featured a four-cylinder, horizontal opposed cylinder engine with 5.5-inch bore and 6.0-inch stroke cylinders. The transmission featured two forward speeds and one speed in reverse. The 18-36 was the only tractor of the first 58 tractors tested at Nebraska to have no repairs or adjustments during the testing schedule. The Avery 25-50 also used a four-cylinder, horizontal opposed cylinder engine with 6.5-inch bore by 8.0-inch stroke cylinders. The transmission featured two forward speeds and one speed in reverse. Marshall and Sons brought a 16-35 tractor to the demonstrations. Marshall and Sons was a British manufacturer founded in 1842 and began operations by manufacturing agricultural machinery and steam engines. Later the company moved into industrial machinery powered with steam. In 1900 the company began to experiment with internal combustion engines and by 1908 was selling the “Colonial” line of tractors. The 16-35 was a two-cylinder tractor featuring a transmission with one speed forward and one speed in reverse. The tractor was also fitted with a Bosch ignition system. With this

system when one was starting the engine, a small hand wheel at the back of the tractor was used to rotate the engine to stop dead centre on No. 1 cylinder. The cylinders were then primed with gas through the cylinder petcocks and then a button was pushed which energized the No. 1 cylinder spark plug which then, hopefully, ignited the gas and caused the engine to rotate. At that point the other cylinder should fire, spin the engine more rapidly and the engine begins to operate. The ignition system needed to be in top shape and deliver a very hot spark to the plugs for this method of starting to work. Amazingly the Colonial tractors did not, apparently, feature any method to hand start the engine and if the Bosch system was not capable of starting, then the engine had to be belted to another engine for starting or pull started. But one needed another tractor to start the Marshall; a huge drawback in the pioneer era. Looking through the Manitoba Agricultural Museum’s collection, one can determine the relative success of the tractors at the 1916 Brandon demonstrations. Case and Sawyer Massey appear to have achieved some success whereas Marshall did not. The collection holds a Case 12-25. The

The use of outside suppliers of engines demonstrates a problem Canadian manufacturers faced at the time.

history of this tractor is known and was donated by W. Longstaffe of Cardale. Apparently the tractor was nicknamed “The Hercules” during its time working fields in the Cardale area. With such a nickname the tractor must have been a known performer. While the museum does not hold a Sawyer Massey 16-32 it does hold a Sawyer Massey 11-22 which is generally similar to the 16-32 but fitted with an Erd engine. Erd was a marine engine builder but did supply engines to Sawyer Massey. The museum also holds a Sawyer Massey 25-45 which was quite a bit larger than the 16-32. The museum also holds an Avery 25-50, however, this tractor is fitted with an automotive-type radiator and not the circular type. Avery by the 1920s had moved

to the automotive-type radiator. This tractor was recently repaired with new drive gears on the rear wheels. It appears a common fault of Avery tractors was the breaking of these gears and on this tractor the gears had failed. New gears had to be cut, which was done in Winnipeg using machinery even older than the tractor. No Marshall and Sons 16-35 tractors appear to have survived anywhere in the world. Only five Colonial tractors have survived in total and three of these tractors are in Canada including the Model F at the Manitoba Agricultural Museum. The five that survive are the larger tractors with four-cylinder engines. Sawyer Massey apparently handled Marshall and Sons tractors in Western Canada for some period of time. But even with a sales organization in place in Western Canada, Marshall and Sons tractors do not appear to have been big sellers. They may have been pricey to buy and farmers also may have been leery about the starting system. The Manitoba Agricultural Museum is open year round and operates a website at which can provide visitors with information including location and hours of operation.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Prairie fare Stay active and healthy in the new year Physical activity helps maintain a healthy heart, and strong muscles and bones, and ease stress BY JULIE GARDEN-ROBINSON NDSU Extension Service


found a supreme parking spot!” my husband noted as he arrived at the mall with our younger daughter. She nodded and grinned. Then she began eyeing the food court for a snack. Parking a distance from your destination is a common recommendation for increasing your physical activity. Winter tends to push that recommendation out of people’s thoughts, and my family was no exception. I was drinking coffee with our older daughter after an afternoon of last-minute holiday shopping. The mall was swarming with people carrying shopping bags. I checked the step counter on my phone and learned I had walked about 5,000 steps, or 2.5 miles, in the mall. Many health experts recommend working your way to accumulating 10,000 steps per day, which is about five miles. We were halfway to the goal, although we did a lot of ambling to avoid running into people. For health benefits, walk at a brisk pace during “mall walking.” Many malls have maps showing you the distance you have walked. If you are trying to maintain your weight while walking at a mall, you may need to resist the tempting aromas of freshly baked cookies, rolls and other treats. Or at least you need to share your treat with a friend. A cup of plain coffee or a bottle of water has no calories, by the way. When we finished our coffee that afternoon, we put on our coats to venture outdoors. After a severe cold snap during the previous week, we had a nice day for December in North Dakota. I had changed from my full-length “arctic blast” coat to a lighter wool jacket that day. I wasn’t too worried about surviving the dash from the mall to the car. In fact, the ice was melting on the parking lot, so I was watching my step to avoid landing on the ice with shopping bags scattered all around me. People in cars were looking for spots and eyeing us. When we reached our supreme spot, we had two cars signalling to enter it from opposite directions. Our daughters were giggling at the determined drivers. As soon as we exited our spot, a car zoomed into the slot.

PHOTO: Thinkstock

When wintry temperatures keep us blocked inside, what can we do to stay reasonably fit? We all need to accumulate at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most days of the week to help maintain a healthy heart, and strong muscles and bones. Physical activity also helps ease stress. You might not live close to a mall, but perhaps you live near a school gym or community centre with space for walking. If you have access to a pool, swimming or aquatic exercise classes can be a way to stay in shape. Or try an exercise DVD in the comfort of your living room. Because we often have plenty of snow around us, we can capitalize on the fluffy stuff. Children enjoy making forts, snow angels, snow people and snow animals, and adults can have fun helping them. One year, we had a large purple unicorn in our front yard, thanks to my creative daughters and a spray bottle filled with water and food colouring. Skating and skiing are excellent ways to burn calories and maintain our heart health. On

Mexican Tortilla Soup 2 tsp. olive oil, divided 12 oz. skinless, boneless chicken breast, diced 1 c. onion, chopped 1 c. green bell pepper, chopped 1 tsp. chopped garlic (about 2 cloves) 3/4 tsp. ground cumin 3/4 tsp. chili powder 2 (14-oz.) cans fat-free, less-sodium chicken broth 1 (14-1/2-oz.) can diced tomatoes, undrained 1/3 c. chopped fresh cilantro 1/2 c. coarsely crushed baked tortilla strips or chips 1/2 c. reduced-fat shredded Mexican blend cheese Sliced lime (optional garnish)

average, a 150-pound adult burns about 300 calories an hour skating and 400 calories an hour cross-country skiing. Try snowshoeing, and you might discover some energetic rabbits hopping by as you make your way around our winter wonderland. Snowshoeing burns nearly 500 calories an hour for a 150-pound person. Shovelling snow burns about 450 calories per hour. Regardless of your chosen activities, be sure to dress in layers and stay well hydrated. To help you and your family stay healthy in 2017, we have launched a new campaign called “The Family Table,” with family mealtime challenges (with prizes), nutrition and fitness tips, an e-newsletter, Facebook site and website with a variety of resources. Visit https://www. and click on “The Family Table” to join the fun. Warm yourself this winter with some tasty soup. This recipe is courtesy of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Mixing Bowl and the “Let’s Move” campaign, in partnership with

to four minutes or until browned. Remove to plate and cover. In the same pan, heat remaining 1 teaspoon oil on medium-high heat. Add onion, bell pepper and garlic. Cook, stirring often, five minutes or until softened. Stir in cumin, chili powder, broth and tomatoes. Bring to a boil. Reduce heat and simmer five minutes. Return the chicken and juices to the pan and simmer three minutes or until heated through. Stir in cilantro. Ladle soup into serving bowls; top with crushed tortilla chips and cheese. Serve hot with a lime wedge on the side or an avocado slice on top. Makes six (1-cup) servings. Each serving has 296 calories, 11 grams (g) fat, 29 g protein, 15 g carbohydrate, 2 g fibre and 522 milligrams sodium.

Sliced avocado (optional garnish)

Soup is a nutritious way to get warm this winter.   PHOTO: MORGUEFILE

Heat 1 teaspoon oil in a non-stick Dutch oven or other large pot over medium-high heat. Add the chicken and cook, stirring often, three

Julie Garden-Robinson is a North Dakota State University Extension Service food and nutrition specialist and professor in the department of health, nutrition and exercise sciences.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017



ennifer Jackson rubbed the sleep out of her eyes as she padded in slipper-clad feet into the kitchen of the apartment she shared with her best friend Kendra. Kendra was already there in the kitchen, sitting at the 1950-era chrome table, a cup of coffee sitting in front of her on the shiny blue formica of the tabletop. “Good morning to you,” said Kendra. “You too,” said Jennifer, putting an arm around her friend’s shoulder and giving her a squeeze as she went by on her way to the coffee pot. She poured herself a cup and then sat down at the table. “You must have come in pretty late,” said Kendra. “I was up till one o’clock.” “Yeah I think I got in at about two,” said Jennifer. “We were at the cottage in Victoria Beach with Alan’s family. It’s super hard to leave that place. Especially when you’re in the middle of a game of Cards Against Humanity. I was out like a light though when I finally got to bed. What time is it, by the way?” she added. Kendra leaned forward to glance at the cellphone lying next to her coffee cup. “It’s 10:42,” she said, “January the 2nd, 2017, Central Standard Time. Happy New Year.” “Oh yeah,” said Jennifer. “Same to you.” “How was Christmas?” asked Kendra. “It was excellent,” said Jennifer. “My new niece is super adorable. And we got Dad an iPad for Christmas and watching him try to learn how to use that was super adorable too.” Kendra laughed. “Old people and technology are a hilarious combination,” she said. “I know,” said Jennifer. “So we got Dad to make a Facebook account right? And he was shocked how many of his friends were already on there. And then on Boxing Day I went online and the first thing I saw was that Dad had posted a status update. So funny!” “What was the update?” asked Kendra. “Happy Birthday from Andrew and Rose,” said Jennifer. “That’s all it said.” “Too funny!” said Kendra. “I know,” said Jennifer. “So then Mom went on and she posted, ‘That would be Happy Birthday GRANT from Andrew and Rose. And to the other


Jacksons By Rollin Penner

500 million people in the world who have birthdays today and thought this message was for them, we apologize!’” “Your parents are hilarious,” said Kendra, “but I have to read you this!” She picked up her phone from the table. “I got my first-ever text message from my mom.” She tapped the

screen a few times then leaned back to read. “My first text message from my mom. It says, ‘This is mom. Did you just get a text message from me?’” Jennifer laughed out loud. “That’s classic!” she said. “What did you text back?” “This is the good part,” said Kendra. “I’ll read it to you. I texted back, ‘Hey Mom, did you just send me a text asking if I just got a text from you?’ And Mom texted back saying, ‘Yes I did! Did you get it?’ And I texted back and said, ‘No. No I did not.’” “You are so bad!” said Jennifer. “I know,” said Kendra. “So then Mom texted, ‘I don’t understand why you’re not getting my texts,’ and I texted, ‘I don’t know either Mom, but clearly I’m not,’ and then Mom texted, ‘I guess I’ll just have to phone you then.’ So then I texted back and said, ‘No that’s OK Mom! I just got all of your texts! They all came at once!’ And then Mom texted, ‘That’s so weird. Why would the texts all come at once?’ And I texted, ‘I don’t know. Maybe because it’s 30 below outside and they freeze up. Maybe texts are like Winnipeg Transit buses. Because sometimes when it’s 30 below and you’re waiting for your bus it never shows up, and neither does the next one or the next one, but then an hour later they all show up at once.’ And then Mom texted, ‘Really? That’s how Winnipeg Transit works?’ And I texted, ‘Yup,’ and she texted, ‘That’s ridiculous,’ and I texted, ‘You're telling me.’” “Your poor mom,” said Jennifer. “I know,” said Kendra. “She must have showed the conversation to Dad who is a little more tech savvy than she, because 20 minutes later I got a text message from Dad that said, ‘You should say sorry to Mom for messing with her, and also, lol!’” “So did you?” asked Jennifer. Kendra shook her head. “Nope. I sent Dad a text that said, ‘Hey Dad, you should get Mom to show you the text conversation we just had. It’s hilarious.’ And then Dad sent me a poop emoji and that was it.” “Parents,” said Jennifer. “What would we ever do without them?”

Why do plants respond to light the way they do? Understanding this will help us to better care for our different plants By Albert Parsons Freelance contributor


e all know that light is vital to plants, and both outdoors and indoors, we must try to give them levels of light that each demands, but just how does light affect plants and how do they use it? Just like people get their energy from the food they eat, plants get their energy from light. They use light to undergo the process of photosynthesis, which takes carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil and turns it into oxygen and glucose, which provide plants with the energy to grow. If plants receive no or very little light they will not grow. The light plants require comes from the blue and red parts of the light spectrum. The blue part, which can come from sunlight or fluorescent lights, enables plants to grow and remain green. The green pigment chlorophyll that this produces in plants makes them able to undergo the process of photosynthesis. The red parts of the spectrum are also used, and promote fruit and flower formation. Incandescent and halogen light provide the red part of the light spectrum. Grow lights, manufactured specifically for growing plants, have a full light spectrum and so they are an excellent choice for a light garden. Mixing cool white and warm white fluorescent tubes will provide a fairly wide light spectrum as well.

These coleus leaves are all from slips from the same parent plant. They were grown (l to r) in low, medium and high light levels.  PHOTO: ALBERT PARSONS

Plants that receive too little light will have elongated stems as they stretch to reach more. Leaves will be smaller, may turn yellow because of the lack of chlorophyll, and some may even drop off as the plants are not manufacturing enough energy to sustain all the foliage. Variegated leaves will lose their variegation. Plants are capable of sensing light and light levels and will respond by turning their leaves toward the light so more leaf surface is fully exposed to the source. This is why it is important to turn plants

that are in front of windows so that every side gets exposed to the light. Some plants have evolved to require lower levels of light and will respond by showing evidence of scorching or burning on their leaves if given too much. Rather than becoming elongated like the ones stretching to reach the light, these will grow in such a way as to try to avoid the light. They will not look healthy or have normal growth habits. Foliage colour and texture is also affected by light levels. Have you ever noticed how plant growth gets more

substantial after moving them outdoors? Leaves are closer together on stems as the distance between leaves decreases. They are more turgid, more substantive, with a stiffer texture as opposed to the more limp texture of leaves on indoor plants. The reason is light levels outdoors are much more intense than even the strongest artificial lights. Plants are simply responding to the higher light intensity. Foliage colour is also more intense as light levels increase. Coleus is a good example as it will have paler-coloured leaves than an identical plant exposed to more light. Light levels also determine the rate of growth — the less light the less growth. That is why plants like Chinese evergreens grow very slowly. We should compensate for this by reducing the amount of water and nutrients to be in line with the reduced rate of growth. Conversely, plants in high-light locations, such as full sun outdoors, will require lots of nutrients and lots of water as the process of photosynthesis will speed up. Remembering how plants use, adapt and respond to light will ensure that we provide appropriate care for them. Recognizing their reactions to the light levels that they are exposed to will tell us if they are getting the appropriate amount of light. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Neighbourly get-together a festive occasion Decker Colony has been hosting ‘Neighbours and Friends Evening’ for over 30 years Music and song are a big part of Hutterite life, binding their faith, history and culture together.

By Darrell Nesbitt Freelance contributor


ood old-fashioned gettogethers dur ing the h o l i d a y s e a s o n h a ve been happening at the Decker Colony for over 30 years, and this past Christmas was no exception. According to the colony’s school principal Mark Wa l d n e r, t h e H u t t e r i t e Brethren’s “Neighbours and Friends Evening” was initiated in the mid- to late 1980s, and two residents of the colony have been involved with the event since it began – his father Rev. Samuel Waldner, a n d c h o i r d i re c t o r Bu t c h (George) Wipf. “ We, like other Hutterite colonies, celebrate Christmas D e c. 2 5 t o 2 7 ,” s a i d Re v. Waldner. “It’s a joyous time of the year with church services, communal distribution of Christmas goodies, exchanging of gifts, and visits by family and friends.” Rev. Waldner said that every member of the colony can invite those they know to the concert, often resulting in a turnout of between 200 and 300 people, seated in the machine shed, which gets a very good cleaning for the occasion. Choir director Wipf said the evening was sparked thanks to the interest shown in the colony’s choir performance outside of their own establishment. Today that tradition

The Decker Colony ladies’ choir performing in 2014.   PHOTO: COURTESY MARK WALDNER

continues with appearances in neighbouring towns and personal care homes. Music and song are a big part of Hutterite life, binding their faith, history and culture together. Many traditional German songs are still sung during church services today, often performed a capella. Besides the traditional songs, Hutterites love to sing other types of songs. Within

the last 20 to 30 years, there has been a greater emphasis within many colonies to sing in choirs with full part harmony. These choirs made up of young, unmarried men and women over the age of 15, sing for various audiences at weddings, holidays and other special events. T h e We s t e r n M a n i t o b a Hu t t e r i a n Yo u t h C h o i r i s comprised of seven different

colony choirs. The WMHYC was formed in 1999 after many Hutterite young people showed interest in choir singing, note reading, and choir directing. Decker, Odanah, Oak River, New Dale, Trileaf, Fair way and Millshof colony choirs were all part of the first western Hutterian choir which has been under the tutelage of Butch Wipf since its inception.

As a sister colony of Brightstone Colony of Lac du Bonnet, the land within the Decker area has been farmed since 1972, with Decker Colony itself coming to formation in 1981. The survival of the Hutterites and their unique way of life is largely the result of their ability to retain their basic and fundamental beliefs, while simultaneously adopting all the features of contemporary society essential for their economic and social well-being. Traditions still play a vital role on colonies and Decker C o l o n y ’s Ne i g h b o u r s a n d Friends Evening is one that people throughout the area and across the province look for ward to each Christmas season. Darrell Nesbitt writes from Shoal Lake, Manitoba

This Old Elevator


n the 1950s, there were over 700 grain elevators in Manitoba. Today, there are fewer than 200. You can help to preserve the legacy of these disappearing “Prairie sentinels.” The Manitoba Historical Society (MHS) is gathering information about all elevators that ever stood in Manitoba, regardless of their present status. Collaborating with the Manitoba Co-operator it is supplying these images of a grain elevator each week in hopes readers will be able to tell the society more about it, or any other elevator they know of. MHS Gordon Goldsborough webmaster and Journal editor has developed a website to post your replies to a series of questions about elevators. The MHS is interested in all grain elevators that have served the farm community. Your contributions will help gather historical information such as present status of elevators, names of companies, owners and agents, rail lines, year elevators were built — and dates when they were torn down (if applicable). There is room on the website to post personal recollections and stories related to grain elevators. The MHS presently also has only a partial list of all elevators that have been demolished. You can help by updating that list if you know of one not included on that list. Your contributions are greatly appreciated and will help the MHS develop a comprehensive, searchable database to preserve the farm community's collective knowledge of what was once a vast network of grain elevators across Manitoba. Please contribute to This Old Grain Elevator website at: http://www. You will receive a response, by email or phone call, confirming that your submission was received. Goldsborough is especially interested in determining when elevators were demolished. Readers with photos of elevator demolitions and dates of when these occurred can contact him directly at or call 204-782-8829.

A 185,000-bushel grain elevator at Burnside Siding, on the CPR Carberry Subdivision near the junction of the Trans-Canada Highway and the Yellowhead Highway in the RM of Portage la Prairie, was built in early 1984 by Manitoba Pool. Seen here in 2007, it was demolished in 2008, after just 24 years of service.   Photo: Bernie Freeman



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Cattle stand over cracked earth as water levels drop in a dam near Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe, October 26, 2016.   PHOTO: REUTERS/Philimon Bulawayo

Zimbabwean farmers flee drought As water disappears many farmers are looking for new lives elsewhere BY TONDERAYI MUKEREDZI Thomson Reuters Foundation / NYANGA, Zimbabwe


decade ago Ndaizivei Nyamatsatse was the proud owner of 20 cows — a number that made him the envy of his neighbours in Zimbabwe’s eastern province of Manicaland, where cattle are prized as a symbol of wealth. But recurring droughts forced the 45-yearold farmer to sell some of his animals to buy food for his wife and six children. Others have died from a lack of grazing and water, leaving Nyamatsatse with only two cows. Even they will not last long. Nyamatsatse plans to sell them for cash to start a new life in the province’s highlands region or — better yet — in South Africa. It’s the last resort for the farmer, who started selling his cattle after realizing his family could not survive only on vegetables from the garden or rely on food-for-work programs run by aid agencies. “I have thought long and hard about this given the poor rains and lack of food every year,” Nyamatsatse said. “I have to leave for the Eastern Highlands. The rains there are better. If I can’t find a place to settle, I’ve no choice but to try my luck elsewhere,” he said. Nyamatsatse is one of hundreds, if not thousands, of Zimbabweans who have migrated or have considered migrating from their ancestral lands over the past few years to escape worsening drought linked to climate change. The United Nations estimates that 4.1 million people in Zimbabwe are in need of aid this year following a severe drought, exacerbated by El Niño — a warming of sea surface temperatures in the Pacific which can lead to scorching weather in eastern and southern Africa. The water situation is particularly critical in the south of the country where water tables are fast receding. Most rivers, dams, wells, and even some boreholes have dried up, locals say.

“I have thought long and hard about this given the poor rains and lack of food every year.”

Ndaizivei Nyamatsatse farmer

Horn of Africa and Malawi heading to South Africa and other parts of Africa,” Sanya told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. Up to a third of households in Zimbabwe rely on remittances within and outside the country as the primary means of support, according to the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (Zimvac), a mixture of government, UN agencies and other international organizations.

More than maize The most drought-affected parts of the country of 14.2 million people are Masvingo, Matebelaland North and South and the Midlands, according to British charity Oxfam. “If a person realizes they don’t have food, the economy is not performing around them, and that there are no economic opportunities, they always try to find the next best alternative, which is to move,” said Joel Musarurwa, Oxfam humanitarian program co-ordinator.

New destinations Neighbouring South Africa, the regional economic powerhouse, has always been a draw for migrants from poorer African countries. Stable Botswana and Namibia also have attracted Zimbabwean migrants, desperate for work and a chance to send money home. But increasingly Zimbabweans are heading across the border to Mozambique and Zambia — countries that once lagged behind Zimbabwe in terms of development, health care and education. Climate change is also forcing Zimbabweans to migrate to the Middle East in search of jobs, the International Organization of Migrations (IOM) said. “This exposes some Zimbabweans to such vices as human trafficking,” said IOM Chief of Mission in Zimbabwe, Lily Sanya. She said there were also growing numbers of Zimbabweans migrating to East and West Africa. “Due to climate change, Zimbabwe is also increasingly becoming a transit route for migrants from other countries such as the

The government and United Nations are seeking US$352 million for a humanitarian response plan, but only US$192 million has been committed so far. O x f a m’s Zi m b a bwe c o u n t r y d i re c t o r, Machinda Marongwe, said urgent action was needed to meet people’s food needs now, ensure food markets were able to function effectively, and to help people plant successfully as a new rainy season begins. He said the government must work closely with donors to support vulnerable communities to escape their dependence on rain-fed agriculture and to build resilience to a changing climate by encouraging farmers to diversify their crops. “Monocropping continues to be perpetuated through implicit and explicit policies such as inputs subsidies, floor prices and import duties. Yet maize is particularly sensitive to weather variability, which has exacerbated its poor performance in the region,” Marongwe said. The government should include seeds to grow cowpeas, millet, sorghum and bambara nuts in packages it distributes to farmers because they require less water than the traditional staple, maize, he added. Bu t f o r Ny a m a t s a t s e t h e f u t u re l i e s elsewhere. “Agriculture is our lifeline but an increasingly dry climate has repeatedly denied us good yields from the fields, no matter sometimes what I grow,” he said. “There are no jobs, and I have nothing else to survive on.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Higher demand seen for feeder lambs Last sale before Christmas featured buyers filling holiday orders GOAT DOES

BY MARK ELLIOT Co-operator contributor

/ lb.

animal weight



he last sale of 2016 saw 350 sheep and goats delivered to the Winnipeg Livestock Auction on Dec. 21. Buyers were ready to fill market demand for the Christmas season and prepare for the coming new year. The next sale was January 11, 2017. The ewe class was represented about equally by wool and hair ewes, though there appeared to be no price differences between the two. A noticeable increase in the bidding was seen from the last sale. A good selection of rams were available for the buyers, some for future herd purposes. Heavyweight lambs were very limited. There appeared to be no regular pattern in the buyers’ bidding. A 120-pound Cheviotcross lamb brought $1.53 lb. A 115-pound Rideau-cross lamb brought $1.40 lb. A 145-pound Rideau-cross lamb brought $1.27 lb. The bidding on the market lambs remained similar to the past few sales. There were only wool lambs in this class. The price bidding ranged from $1.62 to $1.85 lb. An exception was a 105-pound Rideau-cross lamb that brought $1.88 lb. Quality was the sure visible issue on the various bidding on the feeder lambs. There was no apparent price difference between wool and hair lambs. The price bidding ranged from $1.91 to $2.01 lb. The lightweight lambs domi-



$228.52 - $230 $172.90 - $197.16


120 lbs.


145 lbs.

$141.25 - $166.05


230 lbs.

$106.09 - $110.88



68 lbs.

Lambs (lbs.)



60 lbs.



65 lbs.


68 lbs.



50 lbs.



45 lbs.


KIDS - Under 80

nated this sale. Hair lambs seemed to dominate, being sold before the extreme cold-temperature storm arrived. The 70-plus lambs ranged from $1.92 to $2.03 lb. There were a few exceptions that the bidding did not reach this range. The 60-plus lambs had a price range from $1.92 to $2.06 lb. There appeared to be no price difference between wool and hair lambs. A group of seven 67-pound Clun Forest lambs demonstrated high spirit and energy when entering the arena and brought $2.08 lb. The 50-plus lambs showed a price difference between wool and hair lambs. Dorper-cross lambs saw lower bidding from the buyers. The price ranged from $1.94 to $2.16 lb. The lower bidding ranged from $1.70 to $1.80 lb. There was limited interest for the very lightweight lambs (40-

plus), at this sale and there was no indication or pattern from the buyers for the lambs. A group of 45-pound lambs brought $1.45 lb. A group of 41-pound lambs brought $1.82 lb. Turning to goats, there were no does delivered for this sale, and the bucks were represented by Boer-cross goats. Quality was clearly of interest to the various buyers, possibly for future breeding purposes. The demand for goat kids is always of interest to the buyers, from sale to sale. The dairy goat kids were represented by Alpinecross, however, still limited in numbers. The dairy goat kids seemed to be an investment for future herd improvements. The Ontario Stockyard Report indicated that the bidding was higher for the lambs and goats, for the pre-Christmas sale. The sheep were selling for less, than the past sales.


$183.60 - $184.15 $161.00

95 - 110

$186.30 - $197.40 $172.80 - $181.00

80 - 94

$161.30 - $170.00 $149.04 -$ 152.80

Under 80 70 - 75

$160.50 $146.25 - $150.00 $136.32 - $137.20 $115.50 - $123.75

60 - 69

$133.90 - $139.36 $120.60 - $126.00 $114.66 - $117.00

50 - 58

$118.80 $100.00 - $112.52 $79.75 - $97.20

41 - 45

$74.62 / $65.25 / $41.63

Buhler trims net loss

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Versatile’s limited-edition tractor run pulled strong demand STAFF


ales of a limitede d i t i o n t ra c t o r l i n e helped offset tighter margins and generally lower demand in fiscal 2016 for farm equipment manufacturer Buhler Industries. The company on Dec. 29 booked a net loss of $2.7 million on $274.1 million in sales for the year ending Sept. 30, 2016, up from a $5.3-million loss on $245.7 million in sales in fiscal 2015. Sales of the company’s Versatile Legendar y Limited Edition tractors, produced last summer to mark 50 continuous years of four-wheel-drive tractor production, offset “weak commodity prices that continue to contribute to reduced sales levels,” the company said. The Winnipeg company makes Versatile four-wheeland front-wheel-drive tractors and Farm King implements and equipment. It launched a new vertical-

tillage tool under both brands last summer. Buhler said its net loss on the year was due mainly to a decrease in margin, along with higher interest costs and research and development spending. Gains on the sale of surplus assets and foreign exchange helped offset those costs, the company added. W h i l e t h e c o m p a n y ’s year-to-date sales in North Amer ica, par ticularly in the U.S., have declined, it expects sales to increase “slightly” in 2017 and “continues to pursue increases in market share.” Margins are still expected to be “weak due to aggress i v e c o m p e t i t i o n ,” a n d inventory levels are expected to remain lower, Buhler said. However, the company added, profitability is expected to increase from its “cost reduction initiatives.” Offsetting those cost cuts, however, is a weaker Canadian dollar, as many components and parts are paid for in U.S. dollars, the company noted.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

European flax demand shifts to Canada over Dow herbicide Western flax prices are their highest since 2015 and are likely to rise further By Rod Nickel and Michael Hogan Reuters / Winnipeg-Hamburg


emand for Canadian flax, used in linoleum flooring and health foods, has pushed prices of the oilseed to one-year highs as Europe shuns Russian supplies laced with a herbicide made by Dow Chemical Co. The European Union, the world’s second-largest importer of flax after China, slashed acceptable levels for haloxyfop by 90 per cent last June, shifting demand to Canada, where farmers do not use it. The limit was lowered due to concerns about safe levels

of the weed-killing chemical in food. Canada and Russia are the world’s two biggest suppliers of flax. “Europe’s need to import more Canadian flaxseed has contributed to increasing prices of flaxseed in the EU in recent weeks,” said Thomas Mielke, chief executive of Hamburgbased forecaster Oil World. Canada’s good fortune is a reversal from 2009, when it was mostly locked out of EU trade after genetically modified flax showed up in shipments. It also comes as Canadian farmers have substituted some flax plantings in recent years with more profitable canola and lentils.

Dow is aware of concerns about haloxyfop in flax and is trying to find a “pragmatic way forward,” with the European Commission, said spokeswoman Rachelle Schikorra. “The EU has shown little willingness to consider the impacts on the trade of bulk agricultural commodities,” she said, adding other companies sell generic versions of haloxyfop.

Prices rise Western Canadian flax prices range between $12 and $13 per bushel, their highest since 2015, said Canadian analyst Chuck Penner of LeftField Commodity Research. Some Russian shipments pass the EU’s strict inspection and T:10.25 in

currently sell for nearly onethird more than at the beginning of 2016, a European oilseed broker said. “We’re going to be looking at the effects of this right through next October, November,” said Don Kerr, president of Flax Council of Canada. Higher demand has generated more sales for delivery in spring, when Canada’s inland shipping channels reopen, Kerr added. Canadian exporters, that include Richardson International and Glencore Plc unit Viterra Inc., may be hard pressed to fill flax demand, however, after farmers harvested their smallest crop in four years, with mixed quality. C a n a d a ’s A g r i c u l t u r e

Department on Wednesday forecast Canadian 2016-17 flax exports of 600,000 tonnes, down two per cent from a year earlier. Consumers are not likely to notice higher food prices, since flax makes up a small portion of cost, but industrial linseed oil users may get pinched if prices stay high well into next year, said LeftField’s Penner. Canadian farmers are likely to plant more flax in 2017, partly replenishing global supplies, he said. China may now buy more Russian flax, since it does not have the same strict standard, Penner added, while Turkey is already buying more from Russia at a discount, according to the European broker.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Health issue forces Menzies out of CropLife Industry insiders have been quick to wish Menzies well in his recovery

Iraqi farmers heading home Their two-year absence was the result of their homes being overrun by Islamic State militants By Magdalena Mis


Thomson Reuters Foundation

Co-operator contributor



eart problems have forced Ted Menzies, veteran farm leader and former federal cabinet minister, to resign as president and CEO of CropLife Canada after just three years in the post. While his appointment in 2014 was controversial, coming months after leaving the Harper cabinet, he continued to be an ambassador for Canadian farmers as he was when he was an Alberta crop grower and politician. “I got a wake-up call,” Menzies said in an interview. “If I’d carried on the way I was going, I was at a high risk of having a stroke because of my erratic heartbeat. If I couldn’t do the job at 100 per cent, then I needed to get out of the way.” For now, Menzies is focused on dealing with the health issue, which he learned about from a cardiologist in late December. He’s been impressed by the reaction to the news from old political friends and many people he came in contact with over the years. CropLife chairman Jay Bradshaw said in a statement, “Ted contributed a great deal to our organization and we will miss his insight and dedication to Canadian agriculture.” Ron Bonnett, president of the Canadian Federation of Agriculture, said he was surprised when he heard of Menzies’ health problem because he was always so positive and upbeat. “He was always a gentleman; even in politics he stayed above the partisan fray. He always looked for common ground on an issue and he always had that big smile. He has many friends in the industry and elsewhere.” Richard Phillips, former executive director of Grain Growers of Canada, called Menzies “a great agvocate for our sector.” Phillips was head of the Canadian Grain Council until he had to resign himself to battle bladder cancer. “Ted is very knowledgeable and dedicated; he has moved mountains to promote agriculture in Canada,” said Carla Ventin, vicepresident of Food & Consumer Products Canada. “And he always did this with a smile on his face, and also made everyone else smile.” Menzies was an active participant in the Grow Canada conference in early December. In the fall, he was talking up CropLife’s initiative in drawing attention to the value of a report by RIAS Inc. on the benefits of crop protection and plant biotechnology. Menzies planned to be active in looking for venues and opportunities to discuss the information contained in the report. It’s important information for the agri-food sector to have in any discussions on social licence and public trust, he added. He wanted Canadians to receive the message that innovations “generate more than 111,000 jobs and $8.3 billion in additional agricultural output in Canada. This increased output from plant science innovations also accounts for 71 per cent of Canada’s positive trade balance in crops.”

Farm leader Ted Menzies is stepping back to deal with health challenges.   PHOTO: croplife canada

“If I couldn’t do the job at 100 per cent, then I needed to get out of the way.”

Ted Menzies

Bradshaw said that Pierre Petelle, CropLife Canada’s vice-president of chemistry, has been appointed acting president while an executive search to fill the position on a permanent basis is underway. “CropLife Canada has a strong team of professionals that will continue, under Pierre’s interim leadership, to work with partners throughout the food value chain to enhance our industry’s ability to deliver the benefits of plant science technologies to farmers and, through farmers, to all Canadians,” Bradshaw added. The organization has engaged Kincannon & Reed to lead the search for a permanent replacement for Menzies. First elected as a Conservative MP to represent the Alberta Constituency of Macleod in 2004, Menzies served as the minister of state for finance and parliamentary secretary to the minister of finance. He was an effective spokesman for the government on economic and financial issues during the 2011 election campaign. Prior to entering federal politics Menzies was involved in several farm organizations serving as president of several of them including Western Canadian Wheat Growers, Grain Growers of Canada and Canadian Agri-Food Trade Alliance. Menzies owned and operated a 5,000-acre farm in southern Alberta from 1974-2003 where he produced grain, oilseeds, pulses and spices.

ome 200,000 Iraqis are due to return to their farms for the first time since Islamic State militants captured large swathes of land in Iraq in 2014, destroying irrigation canals and laying landmines in fields, the United Nations said Jan. 5. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said it had enlisted more than 3,000 people to help restore 250,000 hectares of farmland in an area retaken from Islamic State some 30 km (19 miles) west of Mosul. Many of the participants in the cash-for-work scheme have helped to clear the irrigation canals of dirt and debris, FAO said. The agency was also working with the Mines Advisory Group, a de-mining organization, to clear the land of mines and unexploded munitions left behind by the militants, it said. “Farmers here haven’t been able to grow vegetables for two

years, since the irrigation canals were destroyed by armed groups that also contaminated the area with explosive devices,” said Fadel El-Zubi, FAO representative in Iraq, in a statement. “Restoring people’s ability to farm and trade in this area is not only important for food security but also for building prosperity and lasting peace in the country,” he said. Farmers in the once fertile Ninewa Plains used to export vegetables and other crops to neighbouring countries such as Syria, in addition to supplying millions of Iraqis with fresh produce. But conflict has forced Iraq to import fruit and vegetables, FAO said. The war on Islamic State has made about 3.4 million Iraqis homeless and caused damage estimated at US$35 billion by Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi. The hardline group has been retreating since last year. It is now fighting off a U.S.-backed offensive on Mosul, the last major Iraqi city under its control.


China takes aim at corn glut with plastics, livestock feed push BEIJING / Reuters / China plans to boost production of biodegradable plastics made out of corn and increase the use of the grain as an animal feed in the next three years, the government said Jan. 5, the latest effort to absorb a domestic glut that has hurt prices. Outlining its five-year plan for 2015-20 for the grains- and oilsprocessing industry, the state grain bureau said it would support the production of polylactide (PLA), a biochemical material made out of cornstarch and sugar and used to produce plastic bags and tableware. It also reiterated its plan to boost corn-based ethanol production by 2020. The statement did not give any targets or further concrete details of the plan, but the document offers an insight into the government’s thinking and illustrates the depth of concern about the country’s large stockpile of aging corn. “The issue of grains oversupply is severe. The task to digest grains storage is arduous,” the statement said. China has built up huge state stockpiles of corn after years of buying the crop from farmers to support incomes. After abandoning the policy earlier this year, it began to sell off its old stock but still has more than 200 million tonnes in warehouses, according to some estimates, but much of it is poor quality. If it is no longer fit for human consumption, processors will have to find alternative uses for the grain. By 2020, China will have more than 30 major grains and oils enterprises with annual income exceeding 10 billion yuan (US$1.44 billion), the statement said. That’s almost double the number of companies operating in the sector in 2015.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

U.K. government seeks to assuage Brexit concerns of farmers Britain will seek to boost non-EU agriculture exports, while the president of the country’s farmers’ union says EU market access is top priority By Nigel Hunt Reuters / OXFORD, England


ritain’s farmers say their main concerns as the nation prepares to leave the European Union are how much access they will have to the EU’s single market and its skilled farm workers. Meurig Raymond, president of the National Farmers Union, told Reuters at the annual Oxford Farming Conference in early January, that tariff-free access to the single market “has got to be the top priority.” “The No. 2 priority is access to competent labour for seasonal and permanent work on farms,” he said.

The European Union represents the most important export market for many agricultural commodities. Britain exported 2.86 million tonnes of wheat in the 2015-16 season, for example, of which 80 per cent was shipped to the EU. Farming and Environment Minister Andrea Leadsom sought to reassure the industry: “It is our absolute and clear intention to maintain as low tariffs as possible, zero tariffs where we can, and we will be negotiating the best possible deal for U.K. farmers and food producers.” Leadsom also said she knew how important seasonal labour from the EU was to farm businesses in Britain.

“Access of labour is very much part, an important part, of our current discussions and we’re committed to working with you to make sure you have the right people with the right skills,” she said. Leadsom said there was scope to increase agricultural exports to countries outside the EU including China, India and the United Arab Emirates. “Our core strength is our world-leading position in animal welfare, food safety and food traceability,” she said. She said leaving the EU would make it possible to develop an agricultural policy designed specifically for Britain rather than the entire EU.

“In leaving the EU, we’ve been handed a oncein-a-generation opportunity to take Britain forward.” Andrea Leadsom U.K. farming and environment minister

“In leaving the EU, we’ve been handed a once-in-ageneration opportunity to take Britain forward; a real opportunity to thrive,” she said. “We can design, from first principles, an agricultural system that works for us.” Leadsom said she would be launching a major consultation on future U.K. agri-

cultural policy in the near future. “We’ve got this great opportunity to pull together a policy which is fit for purpose in the U.K. That is a challenge for all of us,” NFU president Raymond said. Reporting by Nigel Hunt; editing by Elaine Hardcastle

Lowquality feed being dumped on market Feedlot bids aren’t increasing BY DAVE SIMS CNS Canada


rices for feed barley and wheat don’t appear ready to spike any time soon, as farmers across Western Canada continue to dump supplies containing high concentrations of vomitoxin and fusarium into feedlots. “Steady as it goes here is the tone,” said Allan Pirness of Market Place Commodities in Lethbridge. “We’re looking to clean up the worst stuff here by springtime.” Barley is going for $160 or slightly higher per tonne right now, he said, while feed wheat is a little weaker. “So $150-$155 (per tonne for feed wheat) is the spread we’re seeing,” he said. “The feedlot price that the farmer should see is low $150s.” The expor t value of the low-quality feed is unknown, he said, but there should be enough of it to keep the domestic market well supplied for a while. “So far it hasn’t affected pricing drastically. I suspect that’s largely because for every load that doesn’t show up, there’s two more looking for a home.” Barley is also facing the same hurdles as wheat when it comes to vomitoxin and fusarium but draws less attention, he said. “It’s just a smaller market; there’s fewer acres of barley than wheat so we don’t notice it as much. “It’s just a steady grind; feedlot bids are not really going up, even with the colder weather.”

Manitoba Young Farmer Conference - Registration Form • If you are a young or beginning farmer in Manitoba, registration is complimentary. • For hotel accommodation, call the Delta Winnipeg Hotel at (204) 942-0551. • Please complete the registraton form below and return to Keystone Agricultural Producers before January 16, 2017 by emailing or faxing (204) 697-1109.

Name: Address: Phone: Email: I am a young/beginning farmer ❑ Yes ❑ No I am a member of industry/media/government ($150 registration fee) ❑ Yes ❑ No


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Weathering winter

Monsanto shareholders back Bayer deal, CEO hopeful of U.S. approval President-elect Trump has threatened to block other deals that result in too much market concentration BY KARL PLUME

If the deal closes, it will create a company commanding more than a quarter of the combined world market for seeds and pesticides.

CHICAGO / Reuters


These cattails remind us the end of winter isn’t as far away as it probably feels right now.   Photo: stephanie Nikkel

onsanto shareholders approved the company’s US$66-billion acquisition by Bayer AG Dec. 13, a deal that still requires regulatory approval to close as expected in late 2017. Increased research and development spending by the combined companies and plans to develop a global seeds and biotechnology hub in St. Louis fuel hopes regulators will not block the deal, which was agreed upon in September, Monsanto CEO Hugh Grant said. “I think those augur well for the deal,” he told Reuters in an interview. If the deal closes, it will create a company commanding more than a quarter of the combined world market for seeds and pesticides in the fast-consolidating farm supplies industry.

Uncertainty about whether president-elect Donald Trump would stand in the way of large mergers after taking office in January has clouded the outlook of some deals. Trump vowed during his campaign to block AT&T Inc.’s purchase of Time Warner Inc. and looks to break up Comcast Corp.’s deal to buy NBC Universal, citing too much concentration of power. T h e p re s i d e n t d o e s n o t

Russia faces big grain crop, stocks in 2017 — consultancy Russia’s 2017 grain crop may total 112.5 million tonnes and ending grain stocks could near 20 million tonnes By Polina Devitt MOSCOW / Reuters


ussia is expected to have another big grain crop in 2017, adding to a record crop this year and increasing pressure on prices, SovEcon, a leading agriculture consultancy, told a conference Nov. 30. In the first major industry estimate for the 2017 g r a i n c r o p S ov E c o n s a i d Russia’s har vest next year could amount to 112.5 million tonnes, the second largest since the collapse of the Soviet Union after this year’s record 119.5 million tonnes. “If this forecast materializes, it would be the secondlargest crop in post-Soviet histor y,” SovEcon told the conference. “Ever ything depends on what kind of winter we will have.” Currently the consultancy expects the coming winter to be favourable for winter grains and only 2.5 per cent of sowings to be lost afterwards. The harvesting in Russia, expected to become the world’s largest wheat exporter in 2016-17 marketing year, which runs until June 30, is almost completed but officials are yet to announce the size of the 2016 crop after drying and cleaning. This year’s record crop will l e a ve Ru s s i a w i t h 3 8 m i l lion tonnes of grain available for export in 2016-17 and very high stocks of 19.6 mil-

lion tonnes by June 30, 2017, SovEcon said. For wheat, that will mean a crop of 72.5 million tonnes with 28 million tonnes of exports in 2016-17 and 12.4 million tonnes of stocks by June 30, 2017, it added. “For now, these numbers are of a virtual nature but the market will already feel the threat in the spring and, if the (2017) crop prospects are good, that would have a double effect,” said SovEcon head Andrey Sizov Sr. Ru s s i a h a s u s u a l l y b e e n active in the first half of previous marketing seasons as its farmers sell their stock to get cash ahead of sowing winter grains and compensate for low storage capacities. The devaluation of the ruble, however, has boosted farmers’ ruble revenue in the last two years and storage capacity has increased. “Russia will remain an active exporter in the second half of the season,” said Andrey Sizov Jr., SovEcon’s managing director. For now its grain exports are running slower than many analysts had originally forecast, partially due to autumn storms in the Black Sea and a relatively stable ruble. The country exported 15.8 million tonnes of grain, including 12.5 million tonnes of wheat, between July 1 and Nov. 23, down 0.8 per cent from the same period a year ago. Grain stocks were up eight per cent at 48 million tonnes as of Nov. 1.

directly decide if a merger is illegal under antitrust law. That is done by the U.S. Justice Department or Federal Trade Commission, which divide up the work of assessing mergers. If one of the agencies decides to stop a deal, it must convince a judge to agree. Grant said he has not met with Trump or any of his transition team and did not elaborate on how the company was working to secure the deal. The acquisition came after a string of large mergers that has roiled the agribusiness sector in the last year or so, including ChemChina’s purc h a s e o f Sw i s s c h e m i c a l s company Syngenta AG and a merger of Dow Chemical and DuPont. D u P o n t ’s c h i e f e x e c u tive, Ed Breen, said last week the incoming Trump administration is not likely to have an impact on his company’s merger with Dow Chemical.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Wheat, canola crops larger than last year despite snowy fall: StatsCan Grain trade insiders are viewing the report with skepticism because the survey may have been overtaken by weather By Rod Nickel and Dale Smith WINNIPEG / OTTAWA / Reuters


anada’s wheat and canola crops withstood unfavourable autumn weather, topping Statistics Canada’s previous estimates and last year’s production, according to the government agency’s report on Dec. 6. The estimates were met with greater skepticism than usual from traders and analysts, as StatsCan surveyed farmers during unusually snowy, then mild, autumn weather that raised fears that growers would be unable to finish harvesting before winter. “The weather during the time the survey was taken would have left a whole lot of uncertainty,” said Dave Reimann, grain market analyst at Cargill Ltd. “I’m not sure how farmers could answer

“I’m not sure how farmers could answer those questions with a lot of confidence.” Dave Reimann Cargill

those questions with a lot of confidence.” StatsCan pegged the allwheat crop at 31.7 million tonnes, up 15 per cent from last year and exceeding the average trade expectation of 30.7 million tonnes. The wheat harvest was the second biggest in 25 years. The all-wheat categor y includes spring and winter wheat, as well as durum, the wheat used to make pasta. StatsCan estimated recordlarge durum production at 7.8

file PHOTO

million tonnes, up 44 per cent from a year ago and topping the average trade expectation of 7.2 million. Higher-than-expected Canadian wheat production is not a market “game changer,” Reimann said. But it adds to record global production, according to the International Grains Council.

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Canola production was 18.4 million tonnes, up 0.3 per cent from last year and the second-largest Canadian canola crop on record, but short of the average trade guess of 18.8 million tonnes. Estimates for both crops came in higher than StatsCan’s previous estimates in August.

Snow blanketed crops in Alberta and Saskatchewan in October, stopping farmers for weeks from finishing the harvest. An unusual November warm spell allowed them a last chance to bring in most of the remaining crop. ICE Canada January canola futures pared their gains after the report.

Russia says grain export capacity up ninefold in last 14 years The numbers underline the country’s new status as export powerhouse


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ussia, expected to become the world’s top wheat exporter this season, has ramped up its grain export capacity to 45 million tonnes and will now focus on infrastructure in remote areas, Agriculture Minister Alexander Tkachev said Dec. 14. Russia has supported the development of its port capacity as the government aims to drive production to 150 million tonnes by 2030, up from a record crop of 117 million tonnes in 2016. “In 2002, when we were only starting to export grain, the transhipment capacity in Russia was five million tonnes per year,” Tkachev told the Duma, Russia’s lower house of parliament. “It is currently at 45 million tonnes, excluding the capacity which is currently being built or planned. In fact, we solved the problem with expor t infrastr ucture (in ports). We have a task to develop grain infrastructure

in areas which are not near a port,” he added. If Russia boosts its grain crop to 150 million tonnes by 2030, it would have 50 million tonnes available for export compared with 35 million tonnes in the 2016-17 marketing year, which lasts until July 1, the government has said. Speaking about the results of the first half of the 2016-17 season, Tkachev said Russia harvested 72 million tonnes of wheat, of which 28 million to 30 million tonnes will be available for export in 2016-17. Milling class wheat totalled 83 per cent of the 2016 wheat crop. The share of third-class wheat was more than 30 per cent, Tkachev added. Russia’s 2016-17 record crop of around 117 million tonnes is expected to make it the world’s largest wheat exporter for the first time in its history, relegating the European Union (EU) to second place. Moscow has already exported 17.7 million tonnes of grain between July 1 and De c. 7 , f l a t ye a r o n ye a r, including 13.9 million tonnes of wheat.

“We solved the problem with export infrastructure (in ports). We have a task to develop grain infrastructure in areas which are not near a port.” Alexander Tkachev Russian agriculture minister





The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

For China’s pig farmers, New Year feasts bring cold comfort Retail pork prices are sliding amid a wave of imports as feed prices also rise, shredding profit margins By Hallie Gu and Dominique Patton BEIJING / Reuters


ith China’s Lunar New Year festivities fast approaching, pig farmers in the world’s biggest pork market have little to cheer. As they fatten herds to meet peak demand, a slump in retail prices and a spike in feed costs are grinding up profits. A wave of imports has squeezed pork retail prices 10 per cent since they hit record levels in June on a domestic supply shortage. Meantime, the price of soymeal has hit a 2-1/2year high in Sichuan as farmers buy up stock to feed up pigs for the New Year “golden season.” As Chinese consumers tuck into cured pork and stews for the holidays — starting in late January this year — farmers will have to soak up profit margins that have halved in six months during a buying spree that accounts for a quarter of annual pork consumption. While profits are still close to historically high levels, the fall comes on top of food safety scandals and belt tightening as economic growth stalls. China’s pig farmers also face a growing concern: appetite for what is traditionally the country’s favourite meat is waning in favour of

A vendor tries to get a piece of pork for a customer at a market in Beijing, China. Pork producers in the largest consuming nation in the world are caught in a cost-price squeeze.   PHOTO: REUTERS/Jason Lee

cheaper alternatives like mutton and poultry. “We’re in the hottest season for pork consumption... but the scale of the increase (in demand) is lower compared with previous years,” said Feng Yonghui, analyst with pork consultancy In Sichuan, China’s largest pigfarming province, accounting for 10 per cent of national pork production, profit margins have slumped 45 per cent to 650 yuan per pig (C$124.83) since May,

when they touched their highest on records going back to 2009. Feng expects profit margins nationwide to average 300-400 yuan per pig next year (C$57.62$76.82). That’s well up from the average of the past five years, but down from bumper levels earlier this year. In the eastern province of Shandong, meanwhile, some are bracing for things to get worse. “2016 was a money-making year,” said one Shandong farmer with 1,000 breeder pigs, speak-

ing on condition of anonymity. “And in 2017, it’s likely going to be loss-making. Many dare not expand the herds even if they are making profits now.”

Expensive rations An estimated 140 million pigs will be slaughtered in the two months leading up to the week-long New Year holiday, making that period the busiest months of the year accounting for 20 per cent of the annual average total.

Yet that comes as weekly average national pork prices hover around 28 yuan (C$5.83) per kilo, close to their weakest levels in calendar 2016. Higher costs of feed compound the headache for breeders like Guangdong Wens, the nation’s largest, in the months before herds head for slaughter. On average, the nation’s pigs will gobble up about 90 kilograms of feed apiece in the two months leading up to the Lunar New Year, costing farmers a whopping 38 billion yuan (C$7.3 billion) in rations based on a 50:50 mix of soymeal and corn, according to Reuters’ calculations. As demand climbed ahead of the winter, depleting supplies, national soymeal feed inventories have dropped to their lowest in three years at 363,500 tonnes. Farmers can switch to other feed mixes, but the cost of possible replacements like sorghum, distillers grain and rapeseed meal have also risen lately. Analysts expect pork prices to remain under pressure well beyond the New Year holiday as meat supplies grow, with farmers replenishing herds and imports rising. “This spring festival (Lunar New Year), farmers can still get a relatively good price for their herds, but maybe not next year,” said analyst Feng.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Australia wheat suppliers challenge Black Sea rivals A record 2016-17 wheat crop, seen as high as 32 million tonnes has the price spread with Ukraine wheat narrowing BY NAVEEN THUKRAL SINGAPORE / Reuters


ustralian wheat suppliers are poised to regain market share in Asia as the world’s No. 4 exporter harvests what is likely to be a record crop, threatening to rein in shipments to the region from rival Black Sea producers. Australia has in recent years surrendered some of its share of major wheat markets such as Indonesia, with sellers from Russia and Ukraine offering cheap cargoes. But the country is set to boost exports to Asia as it is forecast to churn out around 31 million to 32 million tonnes of wheat in 2016-17, beating the previous record of 29.9 million tonnes set five years earlier.

Wheat harvesting has gained momen“We are priced competitively to catch the demand that is on our doorstep in tum in recent weeks across Australia, Southeast Asia,” said Matthew Pattison, with initial results showing better-thana manager at trading company Nidera expected yields, traders and analysts said. Australia in Brisbane. “I think farmers have harvested Australian standard wheat with nine per cent protein was this week quoted at around 50 per cent of the crop which US$185 a tonne, free on board. Although is getting bigger than what everyone that is more than a similar variety of expected,” said Ole Houe, an analyst at Ukrainian wheat offered at US$178-$180 brokerage IKON Commodities in Sydney. “We may well receive nine million a tonne, Australia typically has a freight advantage in Asia over Black Sea suppli- to 10 million tonnes of grain across all states this week.” ers of about US$10 a tonne. That marks a turnaround from a few “(It) has already hit Ukrainian exports to the region,” said a foreign trader weeks ago when producers feared rains based in Ukraine, declining to be identi- would delay the harvest and threaten fied as he was not authorized to speak crop quality. “Protein levels are much higher than with media. “There is almost no demand for what everyone thought,” said a SydneyUkrainian grain (in Asia) because most based trader. “We have more wheat with of the needs are covered with grain from 10.5 to 11 per cent protein.” T:10.25” Australia had been expected to proAustralia and Argentina.”

duce more wheat with around nine to 10 per cent protein. A weaker Australian dollar — down about two per cent against the greenback this month — is also boosting the appeal of exports from the country. The Philippines, which has b o u g h t ov e r 4 4 0 , 0 0 0 t o n n e s o f wheat from Ukraine between JulySeptember, according to consultancy UkrAgroConsult, has been taking Australian standard wheat in recent tenders. The world has been awash with wheat supplies and the U.S. Department of Agriculture has estimated all-time-high global inventories at the end of the crop year in June 2017 at nearly 250 million tonnes. Benchmark U.S. wheat futures slid to a 10-year low in August and since then the market has struggled to recover.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


MARKETPLACE CLAssifiEds Selling?

Manitoba Co-operator The Western Producer

Call to place your classified ad in the next issue: 1-800-782-0794 EMAIL your classified ads to:

IHC TRUCKS: 195 1/2 ton, LWB, yellow, WRECKING VOLVO TRUCKS: Misc. axles restored; 1951 3 ton red Fire truck; 1951 2 and parts. Also tandem trailer suspension ton w/grain box, green; 1954 2 ton, grain axles. Call 306-539-4642, Regina, SK. MULVEY “FLEA” MARKET. Osborne and box, blue. 306-867-7188, Outlook, SK. SASKATOON TRUCK PARTS CENTRE Mulvey Ave. E. Winnipeg. Saturday’s, SunLtd. North Corman Industrial Park. day’s, Holidays, 10AM-5PM. 40+ vendors. New and used parts available for 3 ton A/C. Debit, Visa, MC. Table or booth rental trucks all the way up to highway tractors, info call 204-478-1217, NEW TINTED ORIGINAL windshield for for every make and model, no part too big 1960 Lincoln Continental, 4 dr. w/suicide or small. Our shop specializes in custom doors, $500. Call 306-252-2810, rebuilt differentials/transmissions and 306-567-7281, Kenaston, SK. clutch installations. Engines are available, NEED YOUR CESSNA, Thrush or any other both gas and diesel. Re-sale units are on wings rebuilt? Phone 204-362-0406, ANTIQUES AND COLLECTIBLES Sale, the lot ready to go. We buy wrecks for Piapot Lions Club 18th Annual at Maple parts, and sell for wrecks! For more info. Morden, MB. Creek Armories, Maple Creek, SK., January 306-668-5675 or 1-800-667-3023. Advertise your unwanted equipment in the 28 and 29, Saturday, 10:00 to 5:00 and call DL #914394 Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and Sunday, 10:00 to 3:00. Call 306-558-4802. place your ad with our friendly staff, and WRECKING TRUCKS: All makes all don’t forget to ask about our prepayment WANTED: TRACTOR MANUALS, sales bro- models. Need parts? Call 306-821-0260 bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks chures, tractor catalogs. 306-373-8012, or email: Saskatoon, SK. free! 1-800-782-0794. Wrecking Dodge, Chev, GMC, Ford and others. Lots of 4x4 stuff, 1/2 ton - 3 ton, buses etc. and some cars. We ship by bus, mail, Loomis, Purolator. Lloydminster, SK.

NEW WILSON AND CASTLETONS: 44’ tridem, 3 hopper ahead, 2 hopper and 36’ tandem; 2014 Wilson Super B; 2010 LodeKing alum, w/alum. budds, lift axles, Michel’s chute openers; 2005 Lode-King Super B; 1 older tridem; 2008 Lode-King tandem; Michel’s auger and chute openers. Ron Brown Imp. DL #905231. 306-493-9393.

Sat. Jan 14th @ 10:00 am CONSIGNMENT SALE

Sat. Jan 21st @ 10:00 am Featuring Bobcat 773 w 700 hrs * JD 750 Utility Tractor * 2013 Chev Trax LTZ Sport Utility 14,500 KM SFT* Yard Items * Tools * Metal Lathe * 3 PH Equip NEW TRACTOR PARTS. Specializing in engine rebuild kits and thousands of other parts. Savings! Service manuals and decals. Steiner Parts Dealer. Our 43rd year! Call 1-800-481-1353.

Stuart McSherry #12 Patterson Dr., Stonewall, MB (204) 467-1858 or (204) 886-7027

TOPGUN TRAILER SALES “For those who demand the best.” PRECISION AND AGASSIZ TRAILERS (flatdecks, end dumps, enclosed cargo). 1-855-255-0199, Moose Jaw, SK.

WORKING STEAM TRACTORS: Has Fwd, reverse and neutral controls. Double acting brass cylinder and piston. Engine runs 15 minutes per fueling. D405. Regularly $539.94, on sale for $359.95; Shipping $24.95. Call toll free: 1-800-481-1353. FORD TRACTOR PARTS. Specializing in 8N, 9N, and 2N tractor parts and engine kits. Plus all other Ford models. Manuals. Call 1-800-481-1353. MORE AND MORE FARMERS are choosing Auction Co. to conduct their farm WANTED: W4 IHC cylinder head or W4 Mack auctions!! Book your 2016 aucIHC tractor for parts; Also cylinder block equipment tion today! Call 306-634-9512 today! for IH Farmall C. 204-227-1296, Winnipeg. PL311962 ADRIAN’S MAGNETO SERVICE. Guaranteed repairs on mags and ignitors. Repairs. Parts. Sales. 204-326-6497. Box 21232, Steinbach, MB. R5G 1S5.

(unless otherwise stated) Advertising rAtes & informAtion RegulaR Classified • Minimum charge — $11.25 per week for a 3 line word ad. Each additional line is $1.98. Additional bolding 75 cents per word. GST is extra. • 10% discount for prepaid ads. If phoning in your ad you must pay with VISA or MasterCard to qualify for discount. • Prepayment Bonus: Prepay for 3 weeks & get a bonus of 2 weeks; bonus weeks run consecutively & cannot be used separately from original ad; additions & changes accepted only during first 3 weeks. • Ask about our Priority Placement. • If you wish to have replies sent to a confidential box number, please add $5.00 per week to your total. Count eight words for your address. Example: Ad XXXX, Manitoba Co-operator, Box 9800, Winnipeg, R3C 3K7. • Your complete name and address must be submitted to our office before publication. (This information will be kept confidential and will not appear in the ad unless requested.)

display Classified • Advertising copy deviating in any way from the regular classified style will be considered display and charged at the display rate of $32.20 per column inch ($2.30 per agate line). • Minimum charge $32.20 per week + $5.00 for online per week. • Illustrations and logos are allowed with full border. • Spot color: 25% of ad cost, with a minimum charge of $15.00. • Advertising rates are flat with no discount for frequency of insertion or volume of space used. • Telephone orders accepted • Price quoted does not include GST. All classified ads are non-commissionable.

See us at MB Ag Days Westman Place Arena

HUGE FARM TOY AUCTION: Friday, Feb. 10th, new location Yorkton Auction Centre, Hwy. 10 East, Yorkton, SK. Doors open 4 PM, Auction starts at 6 PM. Pictures and info at or ph. 306-641-5850.


4 HOPPER grain trailer, electric side SCHOOL BUSES: 20 to 66 passenger, 2013 elec. tarp, mint cond., 13,000 kms, 1991 to 2007, $2300 and up. 16 buses in chutes, stock! Call Phoenix Auto, Lucky Lake, SK. $55,000. Call 306-421-3865, Estevan, SK. 1-877-585-2300. DL #320074. REMOTE CONTROL TRAILER CHUTE openers can save you time, energy and keep you safe this seeding season. FM remote controls provide maximum range and instant response while high torque drives operate the toughest of chutes. Easy installation. Kramble Industries, PRAIRIE SANDBLASTING & PAINTING. call 306-933-2655, Saskatoon, SK. or visit Trailer overhauls and repairs, alum. slopes us online at: and trailer repairs, tarps, insurance claims, and trailer sales. Epoxy paint. Agriculture Stretch your advertising dollars! Place an ad and commercial. Satisfaction guaranteed. in the classifieds. Our friendly staff is waiting for your call. 1-800-782-0794. 306-744-7930, Saltcoats, SK.

MCSHERRY AUCTION, Estate & Moving Sale every Saturday all winter long! Consignments welcome! Go to web! www.mcsherry Stuart McSherry, 204-4671858 or 204-886-7027, Stonewall, MB.

CHECK OUT OUR parts specials at: www.Maximinc.Com/parts or call Maxim Truck & Trailer toll free 1-888-986-2946.

WRECKING SEMI-TRUCKS, lots of parts. Call Yellowhead Traders. 306-896-2882, Churchbridge, SK. TRUCK BONEYARD INC. Specializing in obsolete parts, all makes. Trucks bought for wrecking. 306-771-2295, Balgonie, SK. ONE OF SASK’s largest inventory of used heavy truck parts. 3 ton tandem diesel motors and transmissions and differentials for all makes! Can-Am Truck Export Ltd., 1-800-938-3323. TRUCK PARTS: 1/2 to 3 ton, new and used. We ship anywhere. Contact Phoenix Auto, 1-877-585-2300, Lucky Lake, SK. SOUTHSIDE AUTO WRECKERS located in Weyburn, SK. 306-842-2641. Used car parts, light truck to semi-truck parts. We buy scrap iron and non-ferrous metals.

53’ AND 48’ tridem, tandem stepdecks, w/wo sprayer cradles; 53’, 48’ and 28’ tridem, tandem highboys, all steel and combos. Super B Highboys; Tandem and S/A converter w/drop hitch; 53’-28’ van trailers and Kentucky moving van; Pintle hitch tandem flatdeck; Aluminum tankers. Ron Brown Imp. 306-493-9393, Delisle, SK. DL #905231. BEHNKE DROP DECK semi style and pintle hitch sprayer trailers. Air ride, tandem and tridems. Contact SK: 306-398-8000; AB: 403-350-0336.

McSherry Auction Service Ltd


100 MISC. SEMI TRAILER FLATDECKS/ stepdecks, $2,500 to $30,000. 20 heavy lowbeds, $10,000 to $70,000. Tankers, end dumps. 306-222-2413, Saskatoon, SK.

BELLY DUMP GRAVEL TRAILER, tandem axle, load close w/air, Sask. safetied, $15,000. 306-940-6835, Prince Albert, SK. TRAILERS: BELLY DUMP, end dump, vans, flatdecks, lowbed, tankers, dropdecks, beavertails. 306-563-8765, Canora, SK.

TANDEM AXLE GRAVEL trucks in inventory. New and used, large inventory across Western Canada at www.Maximinc.Com or to check out call Maxim Truck & Trailer 1-888-986-2946 our inventory of quality used highway tractors! Or call: 204-685-2222 MacGregor MB

CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at


2000 VOLVO WG64F, 14’ gravel box, Volvo VED12 345 HP, 10 spd, 18,500 frts, 46 rears, 4-Way lock up, 495,000 kms, $19,900. Norm 204-761-7797 Brandon MB


In sizes 20’ to 30’ in single, split and dual hopper configurations and finished with Berg’s quality lasting processes. The front, hitch and hoppers are zinc coated and chipguarded for added protection.

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CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at GRASSLAND TRAILERS QUALITY PRODUCTS AT WHOLESALE PRICES. ALL ALUMINUM GRAIN TRAILERS: Tan- 20’ steel stock, starting at $13,550 up to 8’ dems, tridems and Super B Timpte grain width available; 25’ Duralite alum. at trailers. Call Maxim Truck & Trailer, $25,250; Krogerman bale bed at $11,000. 1-888-986-2946 or www.Maximinc.Com Glen 306-640-8034, 306-266-2016, Wood Mountain, SK. or email

2012 IHC TRANSSTAR, low pro, Max 300 HP diesel Allison auto trans, single axle, loaded cab, 13’ Armstrong landscape dump, $39,900.; 2003 GMC C8500 tandem, automatic, with 15’ box, low miles, $34,900. K&L Equipment and Auto. La2006 CHEV 2500 Silverado 4x4, reg. cab, dimer, 306-795-7779, Ituna DL#910885 8.1 V8, 6 spd. std. trans, ready to work, only 100,000 kms, new clutch, some hail NEW CANUCK GRAVEL TRAILERS: 1999 but cows and trailer won’t care, $11,900. Arne’s tridem end dump, clean; 1996 IH 9400, 60 Detroit, 10 spd, 16’ gravel box, Cam-Don Motors Ltd., 306-237-4212. alum rims. Ron Brown Imp. 306-493-9393, DL 905231 2004 MACK TANDEM AXLE dump truck, CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used fresh AB. safety, low kms, very clean, good highway tractors. For more details call condition. Call 780-983-0936, Clyde, AB. 204-685-2222 or view information at TANDEM AXLE GRAIN trucks in inventory. New and used, large inventory across Western Canada at www.Maximinc.Com or call Maxim Truck & Trailer 1-888-986-2946

24’ GOOSENECK 3-8,000 lb. axles, $7890; Bumper pull tandem lowboys: 18’, 16,000 lbs., $4750; 16’, 10,000 lbs., $3390; 16’, 7000 lbs., $2975, 8000 lb Skidsteer, $1990 Factory direct. 1-888-792-6283. 2002 KENWORTH T800 w/new grain box, rebuilt engine and turbo with warranCHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used ty. $68,000. 204-325-5677, Winkler, MB. tractors. For more details call NEW BERG’S 24’ end dump, w/Berg’s Sig- highway or view information at nature quality finish. Call for winter pricing 204-685-2222 specials and 30 day trials, 204-325-5677, Winkler, MB. COMPONENTS FOR TRAILERS. Shipping daily across the prairies. Free freight. See “The Book 2013” page 195. DL Parts For Trailers, 1-877-529-2239, NORMS SANDBLASTING & PAINT, 40 years body and paint experience. We do metal and fiberglass repairs and integral to daycab conversions. Sandblasting and paint to trailers, trucks and heavy equip. Endura primers and topcoats. A one stop 1998 KENWORTH T800, new grain box, shop. Norm 306-272-4407, Foam Lake SK. Detroit engine, 60 Series, 10 spd. trans., $48,000. 204-325-5677, Winkler, MB.

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2002 IH 2600 w/IH 320 HP eng., 10 spd., 221,000 kms, new 20’ BH&T, exc. rubber, vg, $49,500; 2009 Mack CH613, MP8 Mack eng., 430 HP, 10 spd., AutoShift, 463,000 kms, exc. shape, new 20’ box, A/T/C, $73,500; 2009 IH Transtar 8600 w/Cummins eng. 10 spd., AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T, 742,000 kms, exc. tires, real good shape, $69,500; 2007 IH 9200, ISX Cummins, 430 HP, AutoShift, alum. wheels, new 20’ BH&T, fully loaded, 1,000,000 kms, real nice, $67,500; 2009 Mack CH613, 430 HP Mack, 10 spd., AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T, alum. wheels, 1.4 million kms, has bearing roll done, nice shape, $69,500; 2007 Kenworth T600, C13 Cat, 425 HP, 13 spd., AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T, alum. wheels, new paint, 1.0 million kms, exc. truck, $71,500; 1996 Midland 24’ tandem pup grain trailer, stiff pole, completely rebuilt, new paint and brakes, exc. shape, $18,500; 1985 Ford L9000, Cummins, 10 spd., 20’ BH&T that’s been totally rebuilt, new paint, exc. tires, $28,500; 1999 IH 4700 S/A w/17’ steel flatdeck, 230,000 kms, IH dsl., 10 spd., good tires, $19,500; 1998 Freightliner tractor, C60 Detroit, 430 HP, 13 spd., alum. wheels, sleeper, good rubber, $17,500; 2005 IH 9200 tractor, ISX Cummins, 430 HP, 13 spd., alum wheels, flattop sleeper, good rubber, $22,500. All trucks Sask safetied. Trades considered. All reasonable offers considered. Call Merv at 306-276-7518 res., 306-767-2616, cell, Arborfield SK. DL #906768.

CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at

2013 PROSTAR IH day cab truck with indash GPS, 500 HP Maxx force 18 spd., 46,000 rears, 3.91 ratio, 228” WB, approx. 129,000 kms, 11R22.5 tires, c/w wet kit for only $65,000. New MB. safety. 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. SLEEPERS AND DAYCABS. New and used. Huge inventory across Western Canada at www.Maximinc.Com or call Maxim Truck & Trailer, 1-888-986-2946.

2004 PETERBILT 330, tandem axle, C&C, long WB, Cat dsl., 10 spd trans, AC, low miles, alum. wheels, $26,900, w/new B&H $48,900. K&L Equipment and Auto. Ph Ladimer, 306-795-7779 Ituna. DL#910885 2015 DAKOTA ALUM. seed tender with SS conveyer system, self-contained w/remote controls, or can be run off truck wet kit, exc. cond., fresh MB safety. 45’Lx102”W, loaded trailer, air ride, alum. outside rims, 11R24.5, $107,000. Located at Kamsack, SK. Call 204-526-0748 or 204-526-0321. ALL ALUMINUM TRAILERS: tridems and Super B Timpte grain trailers. Call Maxim Truck & Trailer, 1-888-986-2946 or see www.Maximinc.Com 1997 LODE-KING 48’ Hi-boy flat deck, alum. combo, air ride, 12 winches on each side, $6000. 204-325-8019, Winkler, MB.

AUTOSHIFT TRUCKS AVAILABLE: Boxed tandems and tractor units. Contact David 2012 PETE 388, 70” sleeper, “Crate Drop 306-887-2094, 306-864-7055, Kinistino, In” ISX 565 HP AT 750,000 kms, 18 spd. t, SK. DL #327784. 12 fronts, 40 rears, 3.70, lots of chrome, $89,900. Norm 204-761-7797, Brandon 2008 WESTERN STAR, 10 spd. Eaton AutoShift, new 20’ BH&T; 2008 tandem IH ONLINE ONLY UNRESERVED AUCTION: 7600, Cummins, 10 spd., new BH&T; 2004 Jan 25- 31, 2017. Pete 330 S/A, Cat Allison auto. w/new 16’ 2008 Peterbilt 367, 550 ISX, 18 spd, 46 BH&T. Ron Brown Imp. 306-493-9393, DL rears, 880,000K . 306-865-7660. #334832 905231 2001 KENWORTH W900, C15 Cat 6NZ with bunk, $42,000. 306-452-8081, Redvers, SK REMOTE CONTROL ENDGATE AND hoist systems can save you time, energy WANTED: MACK COMPLETE or parts: and keep you safe this seeding season. 1985-1990 R-688; 1990-1999 RD-688 and Give Kramble Industries a call at 427-454 engine. Selling: Camelback 306-933-2655, Saskatoon, SK. or visit us susp., 4:42 diffs, 15 spd. Eaton, 350 HP online at: engine. 306-960-3000, St. Louis, SK.

PRECISION TRAILERS: Gooseneck and bumper hitch. You’ve seen the rest, now 1976 HEAVY 6500 GMC with 400 bu. box 1989 IH EAGLE, 425 CAT, 3406 engine, own the best. Hoffart Services, Odessa, SK. and roll tarp, new hoist, asking $12,000 5th wheel, 24.5 alum. budds, white, OBO. 306-778-3749, Swift Current, SK. $16,500. 306-960-3000, St. Louis, SK. 306-957-2033


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

NEW 8’, 3 PTH, PTO snowblower; 3- old trucks w/snowblowers; 4- truck snow blades; 2- V-plows for graders; Side wings for graders; Bombardier w/broom; 2- 4x4 holder w/snowblower; 4x4 trackless with broom; 4x4 trackless w/blade; 12- loaders, dozers and excavators; IH TD9-92 w/loader, $5900; Cat D2-5U w/loader, $4900; 20- Graders being parted out; 7work ready graders; Over 400 buckets for loaders and backhoes; Over 300 construction tires, new and used; Hundreds of hyd. cylinders; Over 70 sets of forklift forks; 52’ scissor lift; 15- Running forklifts from 2 to 9 ton, 1988 Clark 668 grapple skidder; 1989 TJ 380B line skidder; IH 3964 feller buncher; Case 125B delimber; JD 190D excavator; Sawmill and other bush equip.; 1998 EX270 excavator; Over 50 generators, 3 to 193 KW; Over 1000 new and used UC rollers; 2- 811 Bobcat backhoe attachments; New/used parts of all types; Hundreds of misc. attachments. Central Canada’s largest wreckers of construction equipment. 2 yards, over 50 acres. Call Cambrian Equipment Sales Ltd., Winnipeg, MB. Ph. 204-667-2867, fax 204-667-2932.

DECKS, DRY VANS, reefers and storage trailers at: www.Maximinc.Com or call Maxim Truck & Trailer, 1-888-986-2946.

WILL DO STYROBLOCK cocoon harvesting and custom pollination. Call Maurice Wildeman, 306-365-7802, Lanigan, SK. Call our toll-free number to take advantage of our Prepayment Bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks 2012 MACK PINNACLE CXU613, 34” flat- and we’ll run your ad 2 more weeks for free. top sleeper, removable roof fairing, Mack That’s 5 weeks for the price of 3. Call 1-800MP8, 455 HP, Eaton 13 spd trans, safetied, 782-0794 today! $49,900. Norm 204-761-7797 Brandon MB

ROUGH LUMBER: 2x6, 2x8, 2x10, 1” boards, windbreak slabs, 4x4, 6x6, 8x8, all in stock. Custom sizes and log siding on order. Call V&R Sawing 306-232-5488, Rosthern, SK. 2013 VOLVO 630 D13, I-shift automatic, warranty, heavy spec, full lockers, new head and injectors, engine & cab heaters, PTO fluid pump w/remote, $85,000 OBO. 306-515-1461, Lemberg, SK.

CONTINUOUS METAL ROOFING, no exposed screws to leak or metal overlaps. Ideal for lower slope roofs, rinks, churches, pig barns, commercial, arch rib building and residential roofing; also available in Snap Lock. 306-435-8008, Wapella, SK.

1979 CATERPILLAR D8K, hydraulic straight tilt dozer or angle available, winch, 90% UC remaining, $46,000. Many more items available. Robert Harris 204-642-9959, cell 204-470-5493, Gimli, MB. View our website: CAT HYDRAULIC PULL SCRAPERS: 463, 435, 80 and 70, all vg condition, new conversion. Also new and used scraper tires. Can deliver. 204-793-0098, Stony Mountain, MB.

CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can ac- 2010 CAT 950H WHEEL LOADER, commodate any floor design. References 27,417 hrs., w/Cat quick coupler bucket, 3-3/4 cu. yards, 23.5x25 tires, F.O.B. available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069. $75,000. 204-795-9192, Plum Coulee, MB TWO VOLVO A-30D Articulated trucks, 23.5x25 tires, 2003 and 2004, $85,000 each. 204-795-9192, Plum Coulee, MB.

2010 IHC PROSTAR, 500 HP Cummins, 18 spd., 46 rears lockers, Jakes, fresh safety, new rubber, $49,900. Cam-Don Motors, 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. COMMERCIAL GRADE Wind and weather shelter buildings available in widths from 20’ to 90’. Prices starting at $2495. If you have bought an auction building and need to upgrade to more durable material or parts we can help. Located in Yorkton. Contact Paul at 306-641-5464 or Ladimer 306-795-7779.

2006 FREIGHTLINER S/A daycab, 455 HP Detroit, 10 spd., fresh safety, 470,000 kms, very good, $24,900. Cam-Don Motors Ltd., 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. T800 KENWORTHS ALL HEAVY SPECS 18 spd., full lockers, 2008. Also daycab 2009, new trans. and clutch; 2010 Pete 378, IFX Cummins, 18 spd; 2009 Kenworth T660, new ISX Cummins, tranny, and clutch, 18 spd., lockers; 2008 IH 9900 daycab, 260,000 kms., ISX Cummins, 18 spd., lockers; 2007 Pete 379, daycab and bunk; 2013 IH 5900i, 42” bunk, 46 diff., 4-way lock, 18 spd., 390,000 kms; 2007 IH 9200, daycab, ISX 435, 13 spd; 1997 FLD 120, 425 Cat, 46 diffs and lockers; 1996 Kenworth T800, 475 Cat, 13 spd., rebuilt diffs and tranny. Ron Brown Implements, Delisle, SK., 306-493-9393. DL #905231

FARM CHEMICAL / SEED COMPLAINTS We also specialize in: agricultural complaints of any nature; Crop ins. appeals; Spray drift; Chemical failure; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equip. malfunctions. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For assistance and compensation call

2012 DEERE 250G LC Excavator, 5866 hrs, 32” shoes, 11’ 10” arm, 64” bucket, other attachments available, good cond., EXCELLENT FARM CATS for sale come with $114,000. warranty: Komatsu, Cat, Fiat Allis. Call for 1-888-278-4905. more info excellent working condition. GARWOOD IND. 12 yd. pull scraper, Most newer UC, rebuilt engine, and trans hyd. control, 9’ cut width, hydraulic unload bush, guarded. Call for price. Can deliver. assist, $16,900. 1-888-278-4905 or view 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. .

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2006 D61 PX-15, 2405 orig. hrs., 6-way blade, 34” pads, near new UC, 155 HP, exc. FARM/CORPORATE PROJECTS. Call A.L. working cond., S/N #B41323, $68,000. Management Group for all your borrowing Can deliver. 204-743-2324, Cypress River. and lease requirements. 306-790-2020, Regina, SK.

HYDRAULIC PULL SCRAPERS 10 to 25 yds., exc. cond.; Loader and scraper tires, custom conversions available. Looking for Cat cable scrapers. Quick Drain Sales Ltd., 306-231-7318, 306-682-4520 Muenster SK

LONG LAKE TRUCKING, two units, custom hay hauling. Call 306-567-7100, Imperial, SK. CUSTOM BALE HAULING. Will haul large squares or round. Phone 306-567-7199, 1990 FIAT ALLIS FD 14E dozer, 24 pads, Kenaston, SK. full guarded canopy with enclosed cab, 10.6 wide tilt blade, 350 hrs. on new UC EQUIPMENT TOWING/ HAULING. Rea- warranty, $49,000. Can deliver. Call any sonable rates. Contact G H Wells Services time, 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. and Trucking, 306-741-9059, Morse, SK.

IICHUCK TREE MOVER, new, never used, hydraulic, $2480. 1-888-278-4905.

JIM’S TUB GRINDING, H-1100 Haybuster 2014 INTERNATIONAL TERRA STAR with 400 HP, serving Saskatchewan. Call 4WD, 105,370 kms, Hiab 7400 lb. crane, 7’ 306-334-2232, 306-332-7332, Balcarres. flat deck w/5th wheel, tool locker, hyd. outriggers, fresh safety, $46,800. 1-888-278-4905. 2002 INTERNATIONAL 4700 sanitation CUSTOM LIQUID MANURE hauling, 3 truck, side load, IH 466, RH/LH drive, A/T tanks available. Contact George in Hague, air brakes, Haul-All receptacle, $17,900. SK. 306-227-5757. 1-888-278-4905 NEUFELD ENT. CORRAL CLEANING, 1997 MACK RD688, 100 barrel water payloader, Bobcat with rubber tracks and beater spreaders. Phone tank, pump, etc., 400 Mack, 24.5 wheels, vertical 306-220-5013, 306-467-5013, Hague, SK. white, $16,500. 306-960-3000 St. Louis SK WINCH TRUCK, 2003 Kenworth W900, rebuilt Cat C15 6NZ, 30 ton hyd. winch, $55,000. Knight tandem scissor neck, lowbed w/beavertails, $22,000. Danny Spence, 306-246-4632, Speers, SK.

2009 FORD EXPLORER LTD., V8, AWD, loaded, 4 leather buckets, new winter tires, very good condition, 219,000 kms, $14,900. Photos. 306-843-2934, Wilkie SK

CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at

BRUSH MULCHING. The fast, effective way to clear land. Four season service, competitive rates, 275 HP unit, also avail. trackhoe with thumb, multiple bucket attachments. Bury rock and brush piles and fence line clearing. Borysiuk Contracting Inc., Prince Albert, SK., 306-960-3804.

BEHLEN STEEL BUILDINGS, quonsets, convex and rigid frame straight walls, grain tanks, metal cladding, farm- commercial. Construction and concrete crews. Guaranteed workmanship. Call your Saskatoon and Northwest Behlen Distributor, Janzen Steel Buildings, 306-242-7767, Osler, SK. PRE-ENGINEERED STEEL BUILDINGS for all your agricultural, equestrian, industrial, shop or storage needs. Call 306-249-2355 for a free quote. Montana Construction Saskatoon.

GSI AERATION DRYERS. Call Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about our specials. or GSI AIR SYSTEMS. Call Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996, ask about our specials. or KEHO/ GRAIN GUARD/ OPI STORMAX. For sales and service east central SK. and MB., call Gerald Shymko, Calder, SK., 306-742-4445 or toll free 1-888-674-5346.

3 - WESTEEL ROSCO grain bins, 3352 KEHO/ GRAIN GUARD Aeration Sales bu.; $1675/ea.; 2 - 3850 bu. $1925/ea. and Service. R.J. Electric, Avonlea, SK. Call All 19’ diameter. All to be moved. 306-868-2199 or cell 306-868-7738. 204-669-9626, Morris, MB. area.

KOMATSU D85 P-21 dozer, rebuilt motor, trans., torque, steering, final drives, 85% UC, 36” pads like new, 16’ twin tilt angle blade, AC, heat, warranty, $98,000. Can deliver. 204-743-2324 any time Cypress River, MB. 2004 JD 3800 telehandler, 4900 hrs., available with: bucket and grapple and pallet fork. 204-522-6333, Melita, MB. CAT 463 PULL SCRAPER, hydraulic machine, 21 yard capacity, very nice shape, $50,000 OBO. 204-669-9626 Winnipeg MB



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BOOK NOW, TAKE DELIVERY, DON’T PAY UNTIL NOVEMBER, 2017. Top quality MERIDIAN bins. All prices include: skid, ladders to ground, manhole, set-up and delivery within set radius. Meridian Hopper combos: 3500 bushel, $10,450. SPECIAL: 5000 bu., $13,990. We manufactor superior quality hoppers and steel floors for all makes and sizes. Know what you are investing in. Call and find out why our product quality and price well exceeds the competition. We also stock replacement lids for all makes and models of bins. Leasing available. Hoffart Services Inc., 306-957-2033, Odessa, SK.

OPI GRAIN MANAGEMENT Systems. Call Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about our specials. Email:

FERTILIZER SPREADERS, 4-8 ton, 10 ton Willmar Tender. Call 204-857-8403, Portage La Prairie, MB.

BIN MOVING, all sizes up to 19’ diameter, HYDRAULIC SCRAPERS: LEVER 60, 70, w/wo floors; Also move liquid fert. tanks. 80, and 435, 4 to 30 yd. available. Rebuilt 306-629-3324, 306-741-9059, Morse, SK. for years of trouble-free service. Lever Holdings Inc. 306-682-3332 Muenster, SK. 5000 BU. SUPERIOR Hopper Combo’s, double 4x6 skids $11,800. Middle Lake WANTED: 14x24 grader tires at 50%+; Steel. 306-367-4306, Middle Lake, SK. Also air cleaner assembly for Champion 740. Call 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. U-WELD HOPPER Cones, sizes from 12 1972 CAT D7F, bush equipped, good cond. to 24. Phone Phone 306-342-7509 or 306-342-4866, 306-367-4306, Middle Lake, SK. Medstead, SK. REDUCED! 2300 bu. Westeel hopper bin, 2007 ELRUS 2442 jaw crusher, $152,000; like new, double skids and ladder, only Ford F700 tow truck, fully equipped, $5000. 306-260-6132, Hanley, SK. 1995 LORAL FLOATER, AutoSteer, new $24,900. Pro Ag Sales, 306-441-2030, any- GRAIN BIN TRAILER: 2005 Trailtech. tarp, AC, $58,000. Call 306-421-3865, time. North Battleford, SK. Moves bins up to 34’ high and 19.6’ diame- Estevan, SK. 2006 HITATCHI 270, good undercarriage, ter, asking $20,000. Call 306-634-6536 or no thumb, 9000 hours, $60,000. Phone 306-421-5530, Estevan, SK. 780-307-5235, Clyde, AB. CUSTOM GRAIN BIN MOVING, all types 2006 LINK-BELT 210 excavator, $60,000 up to 22’ diameter. 10% spring discount. work order, 6000 hours, no thumb, Accurate estimates. Sheldon’s Hauling, 306-961-9699, Prince Albert, SK. $33,000. Call 780-307-5235, Clyde, AB. NEW FARM KING AUGERS: 10”x41’ w/36 2004 CAT D7R-XR Series II angle dozer, 10,000 BU. HOPPER BINS- Winter booking HP motor, elec. actuator, mover, reversing prices in effect. We guarantee delivery and gearbox, $14,000; Used 13”x95’ swing aufull canopy and ripper. 780-983-0936, set up. Start planning for next year, see ger with hydraulic mover and winch, Westlock, AB. your nearest Flaman store or call $12,000; Used 13”x70’ swing auger, 2010 JD 624J wheel loader, 5000 hours, 1-888-435-2626 for more information. $8500. 204-242-4200, Manitou, MB. excellent condition, QA. 780-983-0936, BIN SENSE- Protect your livelihood. Check Westlock, AB. moisture and grain temperature right from smart phone. Call Flaman PORTABLE TOILET SALES: Selling Five your Peaks Technologies new portable toilets 1-888-435-2626. and accessories. Phone 403-680-0752 for MERIDIAN AND WESTEEL fertilizer bins. details. Visit on-line: on sale now. See your nearest Flaman store of call 1-888-435-2626.

2 MACK TANDEM trucks w/dump boxes, $7700 ea; IH 366 dsl., 34,000 kms and 16’ van body. Few other trucks in stock; 100’ truck; 2 Cat scrapers 463, $23,000 MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. ladder pair; New 24’ garbage box. Salvage of Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at: for all types. Call Cambrian Equipment Sales GREAT PRICES ON new, used and Ltd., 494 Panet Road, Winnipeg, MB., factured engines, parts and accessories for 204-667-2867 fax 204-667-2932. diesel pickups. Large inventory, engines REGULATION DUGOUTS: 120x60x14’, can be shipped or installed. Give us a call $2000; 160x60x14’, $2950; 180x60x14’, 2011 HITACHI ZX270 LC-3 hyd. thumb or check: $3450; 200x60x14’, $3950; Larger sizes excavator, 6950 hrs., 12’ 6” stick, c/w Q/A Thickett Engine Rebuilding. 204-532-2187, available. Travel incl. in Sask. Gov’t grants bucket, very good shape, $119,000. Call Russell, MB. available. 306-222-8054, Saskatoon, SK. 204-325-8019, 204-362-1091, Winkler, MB 3406B, N14, SERIES 60, running engines and parts. Call Yellowhead Traders, 306-896-2882, Churchbridge, SK.

SLEEPERS AND DAYCABS. New and used. Huge inventory across Western Canada at 1974 CAT D7F, 14’ angle dozer, 26” pads, www.Maximinc.Com or call Maxim Truck & 3306 eng., 60% UC, vg cond., $42,000 OBO. 204-467-2109, Stonewall, MB. Trailer, 1-888-986-2946.

FOR ALL YOUR STRUCTURAL STEEL, roofing and siding needs, big or small. Call Fouillard Steel Supplies, St. Lazare, MB. 1-800-510-3303. Remember nobody sells roofing and siding cheaper!! Nobody.

TIM’S CUSTOM BIN MOVING and Hauling Inc. Up to 22’ diameter. 204-362-7103 BUILD YOUR OWN conveyors, 6”, 7”, 8” and 10” end units available; Transfer conGSI COMMERCIAL HOPPER bins. Went- veyors and bag conveyors or will custom worth Ag 1-877-655-9996, ask about our build. Call for prices. Master Industries specials Inc. Phone 1-866-567-3101, Loreburn, SK. GSI TOP DRY bins. Call Wentworth Ag NEW BATCO 2075 w/electric drive kit. 19.5L-24 TOP TRUST new industrial 1-877-655-9996, ask about our specials. Retail $36,500. Blow-out Special, $28,500. or 306-648-3622, Gravelbourg, SK. tires, 12 ply, tubeless, $599. 1-888-278-4905. BATCO CONVEYORS, new and used, 11R24.5 SKYHAWK new industrial tires, JTL CORRUGATED HOPPER bins. Call grain augers and SP kits. Delivery and 16 ply, tubeless, $359. 1-888-278-4905. Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about leasing available. 1-866-746-2666. our specials. Email: NEW CONVEY-ALL DRIVE OVER belt ROAD GRADERS CONVERTED to pull behind large 4 WD tractors, 14’ and 16’ FOR ALL YOUR grain storage, hopper conveyor w/electric drive 20 HP motor. blade widths avail. 306-682-3367, CWK cone and steel floor requirements contact: Retail $15,000. Special year end price, Kevin’s Custom Ag in Nipawin, SK. Toll $12,900. 306-222-6173, Saskatoon, SK. Ent. Humboldt, SK. free: 1-888-304-2837.

DECKS, DRY VANS, reefers and storage trailers at: www.Maximinc.Com or call Maxim Truck & Trailer, 1-888-986-2946. 2007 CHEV C6500, 2 WD, Duramax dsl., 7 spd. trans, 20’ flatdeck w/winches, only 152,000 kms, $21,900. 2008 Dodge 3500, 2 WD, Hemi gas engine, auto trans, 16’ flatdeck, 178,000 kms, $16,900 OBO. 2001 STERLING 9500, tandem water truck, 4500 gal. tank, C12 Cat, 13 spd., Bowie pump, $22,900; 1998 FREIGHTLINER FL80, tandem water truck, Allison trans, 3200 gal. water tank w/Honda GX160 pump, 293,000 kms, $21,900. Trades considered. K&L Equipment and Auto. Ph. Ladimer, 306-795-7779, Ituna, SK. DL#910885.

SHIPPING CONTAINERS FOR SALE. 20’FARM AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL 53’, delivery/ rental/ storage available. For motor sales, service and parts. Also sale inventory and prices call: 306-262-2899, of, and repairs to, all makes and sizes of Saskatoon, SK. pumps and phase converters, etc. Tisdale Motor Rewinding 1984 Ltd., 306-873-2881, fax 306-873-4788, 1005A111th Ave., Tisdale, SK. Website:

GSI FLAT BOTTOM bins. Call Wentworth HORNOI LEASING NEW and used 20’ and Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about our specials. 40’ sea cans for sale or rent. Call or 306-757-2828, Regina, SK. 20’ and 40’ SHIPPING CONTAINERS, AFAB INDUSTRIES POST frame buildings. and storage trailers. Large Sask. inventory. For the customer that prefers quality. Phone 1-800-843-3984 or 306-781-2600. 1-888-816-AFAB (2322), Rocanville, SK. 20’ TO 53’ CONTAINERS. New, used and WINTER BOOKING DISCOUNTS ON modified. Available Winnipeg, MB; Regina STEEL farm buildings. Order your steel and Saskatoon, SK. farm building now before prices increase, 306-933-0436. and do not pay until spring. Factory direct steel buildings built to suit your operation. Call Prairie Steel now to lock in your price for winter fabrication - we offer all sizes and options. Leasing options 2003 VOLVO G740B tandem drive, snow available. Contact us at 1-888-398-7150 wing Volvo D10 (219-243 HP), 8400 direct or email drive powershift (8 Fwd, 4 reverse), Articulated frame, 14’ moldboard, 12,056 hrs., POLE BARNS, WOODSTEEL packages, hog, chicken and dairy barns. Construction $39,900. Norm 204-761-7797 Brandon MB and concrete crews available. Mel or Scott, MR Steel Construction, 306-978-0315, ONLINE ONLY UNRESERVED AUCTION: Hague, SK. Jan. 25-31, 2017. 1996 Champion 726A IV VHP, 8.3 Cummins powershift, Espar heater. Call BEHLEN STEEL BUILDINGS, quonsets, convex and rigid frame straight walls, BEAVER CONTAINER SYSTEMS, new 306-865-7660. DL #334832. grain tanks, metal cladding, farm- comused sea containers, all sizes. 1975 TELESMITH 48” cone crusher (rebuilt mercial. Construction and concrete crews. and 100 hrs. ago) w/5’x20’ screen deck, 600V Guaranteed workmanship. Call your Saska- 306-220-1278, Saskatoon and Regina, SK. $153,000; 48’ van trailer with switch gear toon and Northwest Behlen Distributor, and 600 volt 300 KW power plant, Janzen Steel Buildings, 306-242-7767, $42,000. 306-452-8081, Redvers, SK. Osler, SK.

2003 270C JD excavator, 10,300 hrs, Q/A, wrist and dig buckets, hyd. thumb, SKIDSTEER ATTACHMENTS: Buckets, rock $62,500. Call 204-746-4131 or view web- buckets, grapples, weld-on plates, hyd. ausite: gers, brush cutters and more large stock. Top quality equipment, quality welding 2004 CAT D6N LGP crawler, 6-way dozer, and sales. Call Darcy at 306-731-3009, AC, canopy, diff. steer, cargo winch, new 306-731-8195, Craven, SK. undercarriage, 10,800 hrs., $82,000; 2007 Komatsu PC200 LC-8 hyd. excavator SANDBLASTING AND PAINTING. We do w/QA cleanup bucket, 9’6” stick, aux. welding, patching, repairs, re-wiring of hyds., 12,582 hrs., new UC $60,000; Also trucks, trailers, heavy equipment, etc. We all kinds of buckets, various shapes and use Epoxy primers and Endura topcoats. Competitive rates. Contact Agrimex at sizes 204-871-0925, MacGregor, MB. 306-331-7443, Dysart, SK. CATERPILLAR 14D GRADER, 1964, good shape. Call for price 204-267-2292 ATTACHMENTS PARTS COMPONENTS for construction equipment. Attachments or 204-226-3612, Oakville, MB. for dozers, excavators and wheel loaders. Used, Re-built, Surplus, and New equipment parts and major components. Call Western Heavy Equipment 306-981-3475, Prince Albert, SK.

2006 FREIGHTLINER tandem axle, daycab, Mercedez power, auto trans, nice clean safetied tractor, $19,500. 780-983-0936, DEBTS, BILLS AND charge accounts too high? Need to resolve prior to spring? Call Clyde, AB. us to develop a professional mediation plan, resolution plan or restructuring plan. Call toll free 1-888-577-2020. CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at

290 CUMMINS, 350 Detroit, 671 Detroit, CONTAINERS FOR SALE OR RENT: All Series 60 cores. 306-539-4642, Regina, SK sizes. Now in stock: 50 used, 53’ steel and insulated SS. 306-861-1102, Radville, SK.

BROCK (BUTLER) GRAIN BIN PARTS and accessories available at Rosler Construction. 306-933-0033, Saskatoon, SK. LIFETIME LID OPENERS. We are a stocking dealer for Boundary Trail Lifetime Lid Openers, 18” to 39”. Rosler Construction 2000 Inc., 306-933-0033, Saskatoon, SK.

NEW 2016 BRANDT swing away augers, 13110HP+, 4 to choose from. 2 electric and 1 hyd. swing away, 13,000 bu. per/hr. 3 augers, M13X110 HP, 1 auger, 10”x80’ $33,000 ea. Call any time, 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB.

JTL SMOOTH WALL hopper bins. Call WANTED DIESEL CORES: ISX and N14 Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about Cummins, C15 Cats, Detroits Ddec 3, 4, our specials. DD15. Can-Am Truck 1-800-938-3323. Email:

MERIDIAN GRAIN AUGER PACKAGES: 10x39 pkg., $15,500; 10x46 pkg., $17,000. Installation $900; 8x53 loaded, ready to go, $15,750. Call Brian “ The Auger Guy” 204-724-6197, Souris, MB.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

BRANDT 8x50, BLUE, hyd. mover, winch, BALE SPEARS, high quality imported bin sweep, good cond. Ed 306-272-3848, from Italy, 27” and 49”, free shipping, ex306-269-7745, Foam Lake, SK. cellent pricing. Call now toll free 1-866-443-7444, Stonewall, MB. MERIDIAN GRAIN AUGERS available with self-propelled mover kits and bin BALE SPEAR ATTACHMENTS for all sweeps. Call Kevin’s Custom Ag in Nipaw- loaders and skidsteers, excellent pricing. in, SK. Toll free 1-888-304-2837. Call now 1-866-443-7444. YEAR END CLEARANCE: Loaded HD8-39/ HD8-46/ TL 10-39 plus SLMD12 72 and SLMD12 - 95 plus. Used Augers: 2012 TL 10-39; 2012 SLMD 12-72 with winch and swing mover; Brandt 10x60 S/A: Wheatheart 8x51’ c/w mover. Also dealer for Convey-All Conveyors. Leasing available! Call Dale, Mainway Farm Equip., 306-567-3285, 306-567-7299, Davidson, SK. 2013 CLAAS 3300 RC Quadrant 3x4 square MERIDIAN AUGERS IN STOCK: swings, baler, approx. 7000 bales made, vg cond., truck loading, Meridian SP movers. Call $110,000. Can deliver. Call anytime Hoffart Services Inc., Odessa, SK., 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. 306-957-2033.

JD 1820, 61’ air drill, 10” spacing Atom Jet paired row boots, 4” pneumatic packers, NH3 Raven controller, sectional, JD 1910 430 cart, variable rate, 3 meters, $49,000. 306-743-7622, Langenburg, SK. 2010 65’ 3310 BOURGAULT Paralink, 12” spacing, mid row shank banding, double shoot, rear hitch, tandem axles, low acres, $145,000. 2002 49’ Morris Maxim air drill, 12” spacing, w/7240 Morris grain cart, $52,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. 2010 MORRIS CONTOUR 61’, 10”, liquid, 4” airlift packers w/Morris 8370 TBT air cart, $200,000. Ph. 306-736-7716, Kipling, SK.

NEW MERIDIAN AUGERS: TL12-39 w/37HP,EFI Vanguard eng., c/w mover, HD clutch, reversing gearbox and lights. PICKUP REEL PARTS WAREHOUSE: Retail $24,200, cash price $19,500. MacDon, UII, JD, Hart Carter, CNH, AGCO. 306-648-3622, Gravelbourg, SK. We distribute parts for all PU reels. Call 1-888-278-4905. 2012 CONVEY-ALL TCHSS 1045 conveyor, 10”x45’, stainless steel w/Flave conveyor and skid mount wet kit, $19,800. 1-888-278-4905 TRACTORS, COMBINES, SWATHERS, ploughs, cultivators, tires and rims, hyd. AUGERS: NEW and USED: Wheatheart, cylinders, balers, older trucks, crawlers. Westfield, Westeel augers; Auger SP kits; 204-871-2708, 204-685-2124, Austin, MB. Batco conveyors; Wheatheart post pound2007 7010 Case/IH, dual wheels, w/2016 ers. Good prices, leasing available. Call header, $170,000. Call A.E. Chicoine Farm GOODS USED TRACTOR parts (always 1-866-746-2666. Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. buying tractors). David or Curtis, Roblin, MERIDIAN AUGERS in stock at Flaman. MB., 204-564-2528, 1-877-564-8734. Call 1-888-435-2626. or visit your nearest 2000 CASE/IH 2388 w/1015 header, Flaman location. $65,000; 2004 2388 w/2015 PU header, $115,000; 2006 2388 w/2015 PU header, G.S. TRACTOR SALVAGE, JD tractors REMOTE CONTROL SWING AUGER $130,000; 2009 7088 w/2016 PU header, only. Call 306-497-3535, Blaine Lake, SK. movers, trailer chute openers, endgate $180,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, and hoist systems, wireless full bin alarms, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. SMITH’S TRACTOR WRECKING. Huge swing belt movers, wireless TractorCams, motorized utility carts. All shipped directly 1997 CIH 2188, 3000 sep. hrs., auto HHC, inventory new and used tractor parts. to you. Safety, convenience, reliability. chopper plus Redekop chopper, vg tires, 1-888-676-4847. Kramble Industries at 306-933-2655, rocktrap, long auger, 1015 or Swathmaster Saskatoon, SK. or PU hdr $25,000 306-861-4592 Fillmore, SK COMB-TRAC SALVAGE. We sell new and used parts for most makes of tractors, combines, balers, mixmills and swathers. 306-997-2209, 1-877-318-2221, Borden, GRAVITY WAGONS: New 400 bu, $7,400; CAT COMBINE PARTS Salvaging 670, SK. We buy machinery. 600 bu., $12,500; 750 bu., $18,250. Large 590, 580R, 485, 480, 470, 460R. New addiselection of used gravity wagons, 250-750 tions regularly. Call 1-888-278-4905. LOEFFELHOLZ TRACTOR AND COMBINE bu. Used grain carts, 450 to 1110 bushel. Salvage, Cudworth, SK., 306-256-7107. View at: We sell new, used and remanufactured 1-866-938-8537, Portage la Prairie, MB. parts for most farm tractors and combines. SEED CLEANERS SALE: 2015 Orion screen machine, many upgrades - better than new. Good selection of screens; 1995 Kamas Westrup air/screen machine, UB1500 4 variable pitch decks. Excellent selection of screens; 2015 Mercury indents, easy change nickel plated non-stick shells; 1995 Carter day indents; 1994 14M Forsberg Gravity, new shaker arms and your selection of new deck screen; 1995 Damas indent, extra shells; 6 pairs of spiral separators. Call Warren 204-730-0430 or Simon 204-720-9155, Ellis Seeds, Wawanesa, MB.

WANTED: NICE R72 Gleaner w/Cummins Do you want to target Manitoba farmers? Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator. engine. Call 701-340-5061, Minot, ND. Manitoba’s best-read farm publication. 2014 JD S680, 600 sep. hrs., 1000 eng.; 2013 S680, 300 sep. hrs., 470 eng.; 2012 JD S680, 400 sep. hrs., 650 eng. All 3 combines have 4WD, straddle duals and are loaded. 218-779-1710, Bottineau, ND.

AGRA PARTS PLUS, parting older tractors, tillage, seeding, haying, along w/other Ag equipment. 3 miles NW of Battleford, SK. off #16 Hwy. Ph: 306-445-6769.

TRIPLE B WRECKING, wrecking tractors, combines, cults., drills, swathers, mixmills. 2009 JD 9770, only 700 sep. hrs., 900 etc. We buy equipment. 306-246-4260, eng., 4WD, straddle duals, loaded, price 306-441-0655, Richard, SK. negotiable. 218-779-1710, Bottineau, ND.

DUAL STAGE ROTARY SCREENERS and 2006 9660 WTS, 914 PU, duals, 2300/ Kwik Kleen 5-7 tube. Call 204-857-8403, 1550 hrs. $132,500. A.E. Chicoine Farm Portage la Prairie, MB. or visit online: Equipment 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. 2012 JD S670 combine, 615 header, duals, GSI GRAIN HANDLING Systems. Call 1070 thres. hrs., excellent condition, Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996 ask about $220,000. 306-252-2858, Kenaston, SK. our specials. Email: USED LMC GRAVITY SEPARATORS, 400 BPH and 300 BPH units available. Call LMC Canada 1-800-667-6924. CUSTOM COLOR SORTING chickpeas to mustard. Cert. organic and conventional. AFTER SEASON SALE! All makes of combine platforms: Flex, Rigid, Corn heads. 306-741-3177, Swift Current, SK. Reconditioned and field ready. Reimer Farm Equipment, #12 Hwy N, Steinbach, MB. Call Gary Reimer, 204-326-7000. CT1100 VERTEC GRAIN DRYER w/new roof, $25,000. 2 overhead garage doors, 2012 MACDON D60 40’, rigid swather 24x18’, $2,000 ea. 204-274-2502 ext. 225. draper, DKD, transport, for MacDon built swathers, $29,800. 1-888-278-4905.

AERATION FANS, rockets ductwork, temp monitoring equipment and more. Visit your nearest Flaman store to see selection or call 1-888-435-2626.

HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595



FYFE PARTS “For All Your Farm Parts”

BOBCAT 943 SKIDSTEER, $14,900; NH LX865 skidsteer, $12,900; McKee 7’ snowblower, $7,000; Lorenz 8’ HD snowblower, $1,500; Gehl 500 cu. ft., 4 auger feed cart, $10,000; Knight 3 auger feed cart, $5,000. 1-866-938-8537. GPS OUTBACK EZ-DRIVE TC with S2 Display, hyd. steering control. Will fit all ATX Case/IH 4 WD tractors and other makes, $3300. Call A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. ODESSA ROCKPICKER SALES: New Degelman equipment, land rollers, Strawmaster, rockpickers, protill, dozer blades. 306-957-4403, 306-536-5097, Odessa, SK. WANTED: STAINLESS STEEL LIQUID fertilizer storage tanks for transporting/ storing, 1,600-50,000 gallons. Call 306-960-3000. RICHARDSON GRADER, good condition, $2100. 306-460-9027, 306-463-3480. Flaxcombe, SK.

WANTED: GOOD USED 18.4x16.1 swather tires and Allis Chalmers 7040 and up tractor. 204-373-2502 lv msg Emerson WANTED: SMALL GAS skidsteer. Must be in working order. Phone 204-857-2807, High Bluff, MB.

WANTED: Older and newer tractors, in JOHN DEERE 8630, PTO, tires like new, ex- running condition or for parts. Goods Used cellent condition, $19,500. 306-861-4592, Tractor Parts, 1-877-564-8734. Fillmore, SK. NICE 2010 JD 9630, 4 WD, orig. owner, WANTED: USED, BURNT, old or ugly trac2500 hrs., fully loaded, big hyd. pump, 5 tors. Newer models too! Smith’s Tractor Wrecking, 1-888-676-4847. 2002 BOURGAULT 8810 52’, packers, 8” sp. remotes, 800 duals, all updates done, best $36,000; 1996 Bourgault 40’ 8800/3195, offer. Don 306-948-6059, Biggar, SK. WANTED: 40’-42’ LAND ROLLER, wing up $16,000. 306-563-8482, Rama, SK. WANTED: JD 2520 tractor, powershift, style in good condition. 306-843-7159, 1969-1972. Also 3020, 4000, 4020, 4620. Wilkie, SK. Diesel, powershift, ‘69-’72. Cancar Ag tree farmer 4 WD early 1960’s. 306-960-3000. FORD TANDEM DISC 13’ wide, new front notched blades, plain back blades, 20” di- 2007 9320, 3044 hrs., 375 HP, 24 spd. ameter blades front and back, nice shape, trans., 4 hyds., deluxe cab, AutoTrac ready, 620-70R42 duals, wheel weights, $4000 OBO. 204-669-9626, Winnipeg, MB excellent shape, $162,000 OBO. Call 2001 DEGELMAN 70’, original tines at 24” 306-247-2099, 306-843-7337, Scott, SK. manual adjust, one owner, $25,800 OBO. 306-563-8482, Rama, SK. 2012 CASE/IH 800 PRECISION, 60’; 2011 Case/IH 800 Precision, 50’. Both w/3430 TBH 430 bu. cart. Both like new, exc. cond, low acres. 218-779-1710, Bottineau, ND.

3” & 4” OPTIONS

1993 FORD 846, 7792 hrs., 230 HP, 4 WD, MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. 18.4R38 duals, PTO, 4 hyds., diff lock, cab, Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at: AC, heat, 14 spd. std. trans., $46,000 OBO. Call 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB.

VERSATILE 375, 400, 435, 550 used; 450, 500 and 550DT new. Call KMK Sales Ltd. 306-682-0738, Humboldt, SK.

2006 CAT D8T SU dozer, single shank ripper, cab air, 11,000 hours, work ready, $150,000. 204-795-9192 Plum Coulee, MB

SCHULTE SNOWBLOWERS 84” - 117” 3 point hitch units available for front model units. Top quality Saskatchewan made. See your nearest Flaman location or call 1-888-435-2626.


NH SF115, 130’, 1200 Imperial gal. tank, 2 rinse tanks, wheel boom sprayer, WANTED MODEL 8810 Bourgault air seed- 2004 DEERE 325 skidsteer loader, new er or 9400 Bourgault cultivator 40’. $19,000 OBO. 306-327-7198 Kelvington SK eng., c/w bucket, vg working condition. 306-560-7679, 306-576-2171 Wishart, SK. $25,000. Can deliver. Call anytime 1992 37’ CASE/IH 5600 HD cultivator, 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. w/Degelman mounted 4-row harrows, A.E. Chicoine Farm Equipment, 2008 CASE/IH 4420, 1 owner, 100’, Aim $25,000. Control, 5 nozzle body, full load, leather 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. seats, ViperPro monitors, AutoSteer, auto- 2015 ELMERS HT30, unused, 30’ transrate, AutoBoom, 2501 hrs, 1200 gal. SS port, 2 saddles, $2980. 1-888-278-4905. tank, crop dividers, all updates, 2 sets of . Michelins, very well maintained w/service records, stored inside heated shop, mint condition, field ready, $195,000 OBO. 306-421-9909, Estevan, SK.

PICKUP REEL PARTS WAREHOUSE: MacDon, UII, JD, Hart Carter, CNH, AGCO. We distribute parts for all PU reels. Call FLOATER TIRES: Factory rims and tires: 1-888-278-4905. JD 4930/4940, R4045; 800/55R46 Goodyear tire and rim; 710/60R46 Goodyear LSW; Case 650/65R38 Michelins, $13,500. Duals available for combines. 306-697-2856, Grenfell, SK.

1-800-667-9871 •• Regina 1-800-667-9871 Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-667-3095 Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 •• Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 •• Edmonton 1-800-667-3095 Manitoba

2003 FLEXI-COIL 2340, TBH, vg mech., $14,900. Cam-Don Motors Ltd., 1978 3130 JD TRACTOR, very good condition, 5000 original hours. $11,500 OBO. 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. Phone: 204-886-3407 FLEXI-COIL 300B c/w Barton openers, 38’, $8900. Cam-Don Motors Ltd., STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in rebuilding JD tractors. Want Series 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. 20s, 30s, 40s, 50s, 7000s to rebuild or for 2011 MORRIS CONTOUR drill 61’, 12” parts. pay top $$. Now selling JD parts. space, paired row w/Morris 8650 TBH var. 204-466-2927, 204-871-5170, Austin, MB. rate cart, 5000 acres on new Morris openers, $189,000. Cam-Don Motors Ltd., WRECKING FOR PARTS: JD 2750, 3 PTH, vg sheet metal; 4430 JD, vg run eng., 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. good sheet metal; 4440 JD, complete OH 2010 MORRIS 8370, 3 tank, variable rate, eng., vg sheet metal and cab, vg 18.4x38 TBT, 440 bu., $69,900. Cam-Don Motors tires and rims. 1-877-564-8734, Roblin MB Ltd., 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK. 2000 JD 7710, 4900 hrs; 2006 JD 7720, 4710 CONCORD and 3000 air cart, 47’, 10” 4600 hrs; 1998 JD 7810, 5900 hrs; 1997 spacing, 300 bu., disc levelers, 3” Dutch 7710, 5500 hrs. All are MFWD and can be openers, 4 rank, 5 plex, Agtron blockage, equipped w/loaders. 204-522-6333, Melita $14,000 OBO. 306-463-7420 Kindersley SK 9420 JD, bought new in 2003, shedded 2013 BOURGAULT 3320 XTC 66’, 10” summer/winter, 710x42 tires, used on 40’ space, MRB, DS, Bourgault updates done, cult. on small farm, 2800 hrs., mint cond., blockage and X20 monitors c/w 6700 cart, $155,000. 306-752-4336, 306-921-7683, 2 fans, 4 metering tanks, conveyor, duals, Melfort, SK. whole unit always shedded, exc. cond., 1999 JD 9400, 425 HP, 24 spd., new rub$320,000. 780-872-3262, Lashburn, SK. ber, 4 hyds. w/return line, exc. cond., $85,000 OBO. 306-861-4592, Fillmore, SK.


AGED INVENTORY SALE! New Artsway snowblowers made in Ontario, 72” manual turner $2750; 78” hyd. turner, $3550; 96” hyd., $5400; 102” hyd., $6950; 108” hyd., $7200; 102 and 120” hyd. contractors, RECONDITIONED rigid and flex, most $7790 + $9100 faded paint. Limited quanmakes and sizes; also header transports. tities. One used 84” hyd., $2700; One used Ed Lorenz, 306-344-4811, Paradise Hill, SK 102” single auger hyd., $4500. Cam-Don Motors Ltd., 306-237-4212, Perdue, SK.

MORIDGE 400 BUSHEL batch grain dryer, with canola screens and agitator, exc cond shedded, $6500. 306-795-7618, Ituna, SK.

2003 FLEXI-COIL 5000 39’ 9” sp, 3.5” steel packers, 2011 P1060 430 bu. cart, DS. 306-722-3773, 306-722-7605, Osage, SK 2010 CIH STEIGER 335, powershift, AutoSteer, 520/85x42 duals, rear weights, 2009 BOURGAULT 3310, 75’, w/6550 tank, shedded, only 775 hours, $185,000. 1 year on new tips and discs, very accurate 204-268-2853, Selkirk, MB. drill and tank, $205,000 OBO. Call 306-867-7165, Loreburn, SK.

FLEXI-COIL 60’ HARROW packer draw bar, 2006 NEW HOLLAND TG255 FWA Supervery good condition. 306-560-7679, Steer c/w front and rear duals, good tires, 306-576-2171 leave message, Wishart, SK front and rear weights, 3PTH, 4 remotes, 1000 PTO. Field ready. Excellent cart trac2007 JD 1770NT 16 row 30” planter, 16’ PEELED RAILS, 2-3” $7.50 ea., 125 per tor. 306-595-2180, Pelly, SK. c/w 2 pt. hitch, liquid fertilizer kit, 600 bundle; 3-4” $9.25 ea., 100 per bundle; gallon liquid fert. tank, 240 gal. liquid fert. 4-5” $11 each, 75 per bundle. Vermette tank, MaxEmerge XP, not used last 2 JD 7200 PLANTERS IN STOCK, 8 to 16 Wood Preservers, 1-800-667-0094, Spruce years, monitor and controller included, row, any planter makes available. Call Home, SK Reimer Farm Equipment, Gary Reimer, $60,000. 204-871-0925, MacGregor, MB. 204-326-7000, Hwy #12, Steinbach, MB. NEW 220’ ROLL FORM steel fence, shrink DEGELMAN 45’ LAND ROLLER, $34,900; wrapped, stored indoors, includes: 5’6” Flexi-Coil 30’ 6000 disc drill, $16,900 and boards, screws, stringers, capping, $5,000. 57’ 5000, $17,900; Wishek 38’ disc, 306-915-7061, Macklin, SK. NEW FARMKING SNOWBLOWERS, 50” to 96”. Call KMK Sales Ltd. 306-682-0738, $104,900. Pro Ag Sales, 306-441-2030, anytime. North Battleford, SK. GUARANTEED PRESSURE TREATED fence Humboldt, SK. posts, lumber slabs and rails. Call Lehner Wood Preservers Ltd., ask for Ron 306-763-4232, Prince Albert, SK.

MACDON HEADERS!! Lots available! 35’, 40’ and 45’. D60’s, D65’s, FD70’s, FD75’s in stock now. 1-888-278-4905.

WESTERN GRAIN DRYER, mfg. of grain dryers w/auto. drying/moisture control. Updates to Vertec roof, tiers, moisture 2014 MACDON CA25, complete adapter control. Economic designed dryers avail. for CNH, linkage upgrade, overall excellent $21,500. View 1-888-288-6857. 1-888-278-4905. FARM FAN 180 auto batch grain dryer, very good, $6000; Farm Fan CMS-14E 2011 JD 615 header and pickup, nice continuous multi stage grain dryer, $4000. belts, auger and floor 80%, overall very good cond., $19,800. 1-888-278-4905. 204-325-8019, 204-362-1091, Winkler, MB GSI GRAIN DRYERS. Call Wentworth Ag 1-877-655-9996, ask about our specials. or

2013 140A FARMALL Case/IH w/loader, CRAIG SNOW WING, 12’, c/w frame, 1800 hrs., $82,000. A.E. Chicoine Farm mounts and hyd. block off of a 1997 Equipment, 306-449-2255, Storthoaks, SK. Champion 730A-VHP Series V Grader, $4900. View WANTED: 2294 FWA, in good running or- 1-888-278-4905. der; and 1370, 2290 Case w/weak engines 306-395-2668, 306-681-7610. Chaplin, SK. ALLIED 590 LOADER, excellent shape, LIZARD CREEK REPAIR and Tractor. We $3500. Danny Spence, Speers, SK. buy 90 and 94 Series Case, 2 WD, FWA 306-246-4632. tractors for parts and rebuilding. Also have rebuilt tractors and parts for sale. 306-784-7841, Herbert, SK. 1980 CASE 4490, 4WD, singles, new motor CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used (100 hrs), 175 HP, asking $8000 OBO. Call highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at 306-778-3749, Swift Current, SK.

WANTED: 3 PTH sprayer. Call Glen 306-640-8034, 306-266-2016, Wood Mountain, SK. or email PUMPS, PRESSURE WASHERS, Honda/ shin pumps, 1-1/2” to 4”, Landa pressure washers, steam washers, parts washers. 2015 BOURGAULT 3320 XTC, 76’, side 567 JD BALER very good condition, M&M Equip. Ltd. Parts & Service, Regina, band, 10”, 6550 cart, $265,000 OBO. Can $19,500 OBO. Phone: 204-886-3407 arrange delivery 306-563-8482 Yorkton SK SK. 306-543-8377, fax 306-543-2111.

BLOCKED AND SEASONED FIREWOOD: $180 per 160 ft.≥ cord; bags $80 (includes refundable deposit for bag). Bundles of 4’-5’ or 6.5’ also available. Vermette Wood Preservers 1-800-667-0094, Spruce Home. SEASONED SPRUCE SLAB firewood, one cord bundles, $99, half cord bundles, $65. Volume discounts. Call V&R Sawing, 306-232-5488, Rosthern, SK. BLOCKED SEASONED JACK Pine firewood and wood chips for sale. Lehner Wood Preservers Ltd., 306-763-4232, Prince Albert, SK. Will deliver. Self-unloading trailer.

BEV’S FISH & SEAFOOD LTD., buy direct, fresh fish: Pickerel, Northern Pike, Whitefish and Lake Trout. Seafood also available. Phone toll free 1-877-434-7477, 306-763-8277, Prince Albert, SK.

2013 CIH L785 FEL w/grapple and bucket. Fits on Case Puma 200, $18,000; Also WANTED: DEUTZ 7145 tractor. Call Bill have some rear weights as well, $1.75/lb. NEW AND USED generators, all sizes from 204-467-5608, Stonewall, MB. 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. 5 kw to 3000 kw, gas, LPG or diesel. Phone WANTED TO BUY 1972-2006 Deutz tractor for availability and prices. Many used in with good engine for parts. 306-395-2668, stock. 204-643-5441, Fraserwood, MB. or 306-681-7610, Chaplin, SK. DIESEL GENSET SALES AND SERVICE, 12 to 300 KWs, lots of units in stock. Used and new: Perkins, John Deere and Deutz. We also build custom Gensets. We cur1995 CASE 5240, 3900 hrs., can be rently have special pricing on new John equipped w/loader; 1999 Case MX170, Deere units. Call for pricing 204-792-7471. 4000 hrs., c/w loader. Call 204-522-6333, Melita, MB. EX-GOVERNMENT STAND-BY UNITS: 2009 CASE/IH 435, 2650 hrs., 71070R du- 2012 BOBCAT S 205 skidsteer loader, 1650 12V92 w/400 KW, 600 volts, 388 hrs, als, powershift, 4 hyds., shedded, mint, hrs., c/w bucket, vg working condition, $25,000; 12V92 w/400 KW, 600 volts, 419 $200,000 OBO. 306-563-4462, Canora, SK. $28,000. Can deliver. Call anytime hrs, $25,000; 12V92 w/400 KW, 600 volts, 638 hrs, $25,000; 16V92 w/500 KW, 600 204-743-2324, Cypress River, MB. ONLINE ONLY UNRESERVED AUCTION: volts, 700 hrs, $25,000; 16V92 w/800 KW, 2011 CASE 1221E loader w/toothed buck- 600 volts, 700 hrs, $30,000; KT450 CumJan. 25-31, 2017. Case 4490, 4 WD with 12’ Degelman dozer et, M11 Cummins, 4 spd., 5500 hrs., mins w/250 KW, $15,000. Can-Am Truck $165,000. 306-452-8081, Redvers, SK. blade. 306-865-7660. DL #334832. Export Ltd, 1-800-938-3323, Delisle, SK.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

FRESH AND SPRINGING heifers for sale. Cows and quota needed. We buy all classes of slaughter cattle-beef and dairy. R&F Livestock Inc. Bryce Fisher, Warman, SK. Phone 306-239-2298, cell 306-221-2620.

The Icynene Insulation System® • Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®

Hwy #205, Grunthal • (204) 434-6519 GRUNTHAL, MB. AGENT FOR T.E.A.M. MARKETING



Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.


every TUESDAY at 9 am **January 10,17, 24 & 31** Mon. Jan. 16th at 12:00pm

4,997 -$ 1,500 $



FC30HD Unit plus accessories


CANADA’S BEST PRICE Guarantee on Comparable model

Friesen Built Inc. 1-204-388-6150 • Toll Free 1-855-897-7278

DRILL STEM: 200 3-1/2”, $45 each; 400 2-7/8”, $32 each; 400 2-3/8”, $33 each. 306-768-8555, Carrot River, SK. USED 3-1/2” OILFIELD tubing for sale, $34 per joint, loaded. 780-205-7856, 306-248-7376, Lloydminster, SK.

LAZY RAINBOW RIVER RANCH has 75 Red and Black Angus cross bred heifers. Preg checked. Price negotiable. Phone 204-372-6945, Fisher Branch, MB.

Sheep and Goat with Small Animals & Holstein Calves

25 RED ANGUS and Red Angus Hereford cross bred cows, due to calve March. Call 204-348-3125, Whitemouth, MB.

Bred cow sale

600 TOP QUALITY bred heifers, start calving April 1. All heifers preg checked, pelt measured and full live vaccination program going to breed. Bred to Red and Black Angus heifer bulls. Calved 400 out of same bulls last year with zero cesaerians. 204-325-2416, Manitou, MB.

Sat. Dec. 21st at 10:00am For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call Brad Kehler (Manager) Cell 204-346-2440 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519 MB. Livestock Dealer #1111


25 ANNIVERSARY BLOWOUT Now available North American wide at prices never seen before

FOR SALE: SMALL herd of commercial Shorthorns. Please call 204-728-7872, Brandon, MB.

11 BRED CHAROLAIS heifers, 9 red, 2 white, bred to low birthweight Charolais bull, calving middle of Feb. to middle of April. Phone 204-827-2721, Glenboro, MB.

SOUTH VIEW RANCH has Red and Black Angus 2 year old bulls. Ceylon, SK. Call Shane 306-869-8074, Keith 306-454-2730. RED ANGUS BULLS, two year olds, semen tested, guaranteed breeders. Delivery available. 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, SHEEP AND LAMB On-Farm Biosecurity Workshop and Canadian Sheep Englefeld, SK. and Lamb Food Safe Farm Practices 17 REG. RED ANGUS heifers, born Feb/ Workshop in conjunction with SSDB’s March 2016, exc. brood cow prospects. AGM and Symposium will be held at the Ramada Saskatoon, 806 Idylwyld Dr. N, Little de Ranch, 306-845-2406, Turtleford. Saskatoon, SK., January 13-14, 2017. To register please call: 306-933-5200 or REG. RED ANGUS bulls born Feb./Mar. email: For details 2016, calving ease, good growth. Little de please visit: Ranch, 306-845-2406, Turtleford, SK.

COMING 3 YR. old Red Angus herdsire, used on PB herd. Call Little de Ranch, HARMONY NATURAL BISON buying fin- 306-845-2406, Turtleford, SK. ished up to $6.25/lb HHW; Culls up to $5.25/lb HHW; Feeders up to $4.75/lb LW. Call/text 306-736-3454, SE Sask. CATTLEMAN! AGAIN THIS year we have an excellent selection of polled Purebred Charolais bulls. Both yearling and 2 year olds. White and Red factor. As well as a group of very low birth weight bulls suitable for heifers. Shop early for best selection. Visit the farm or on the web at: BISON WANTED - Canadian Prairie Bison Phone Gord or is looking to contract grain finished bison, Sue at 204-743-2109, Cypress River, MB. as well as calves and yearlings for growing markets. Contact Roger Provencher at REGISTERED CHAROLAIS BULLS, 2 year olds and yearlings. Polled, horned, some 306-468-2316, red. Quiet hand fed, hairy bulls. 40+ head available. Wilf at Cougar Hill Ranch WANT TO PURCHASE cull bison bulls and 306-728-2800, 306-730-8722, Melville, SK cows, $5/lb. HHW. Finished beef steers and heifers for slaughter. We are also buying compromised cattle that can’t make a COMING 2 YR. old polled PB Charolais long trip. Oak Ridge Meats, McCreary, bulls, come red factor. Call Kings Polled Charolais, 306-435-7116, Rocanville, SK. 204-835-2365, 204-476-0147. WANTED: ALL KINDS of bison from yearlings to old bulls. Also cow/calf pairs. Ph BANNERLANE HORNED HEREFORDS Kevin at 306-429-2029, Glenavon, SK. Annual Sale, Tuesday, Feb. 7, 2:00 PM CST (1:00 PM MST) at the farm, Livelong, SK. BISON CALVES, bulls and heifers, $2300 30 coming 2 year old bulls, semen tested; each. Call Frank 306-662-4163, Maple 34 bred Hereford cross heifers, preg Creek, SK. checked; 4 feature bred heifers. Dinner at noon. Central point free delivery. Email: We know that farming is enough of a gamble or phone Rob so if you want to sell it fast place your ad in Bannerman, 306-845-2764, 306-248-1214. the Manitoba Co-operator classifieds. It’s a Catalogue online at: Sure Thing. Call our toll-free number today. We have friendly staff ready to help. 1-800782-0794.


P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123

FFS- FUCHS FARM SUPPLY is your partner in agriculture stocking mixer, cutter, feed wagons and bale shredders and in- MANITOBA SENIOR FARMER, LOOKING to dustry leading Rol-Oyl cattle oilers. find somebody trustworthy, active and 306-762-2125, Vibank, SK. kind, if SWF would apply so would I. Reply to Box 5592, c/o The Western Producer, PAYSEN LIVESTOCK EQUIPMENT INC. Saskatoon, SK S7K 2C4. We manufacture an extensive line of cattle handling and feeding equipment including squeeze chutes, adj. width alleys, crowding tubs, calf tip tables, maternity pens, gates and panels, bale feeders, Bison TIME TO APPRECIATE Relationships! equipment, Texas gates, steel water Life is meant to be shared. We are here to troughs, rodeo equipment and garbage in- help you. Candlelight matchmakers. Conficinerators. Distributors for El-Toro electric dential, rural, photos/profiles to selected branders and twine cutters. Our squeeze matches. Local, affordable. Serving MB, chutes and headgates are now avail. with a SK, NW-ON. Call 204-343-2475 or email neck extender. Ph 306-796-4508, email: Web: DO YOU KNOW an amazing single guy who shouldn’t be? Camelot IntroducPTO ROLLER MILL, load/unload auger, on tions has been successfully matching peo2 wheel trailer, shedded, little use. Kyle ple for over 22 years. In-person interviews 306-369-2882, 306-369-7513, Bruno, SK. by Intuitive Matchmaker in MB and SK. or phone STEEL VIEW MFG. Self-standing panels, 306-978-LOVE (5683). windbreaks, silage/hay bunks, feeder panels, sucker rod fence posts. Custom orders. Call Shane 306-493-2300, Delisle, SK.

RANCH READY HORNED Hereford Bull Sale, March 10th, 1:00 PM at the ranch, Simmie, SK. 15 two year old bulls, 30 yearling bulls, 6 purebred open heifers, 20 commercial open heifers. View catalogue and sale videos: Contact Craig Braun at 306-297-2132.

KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763.

FARMLAND NE SK(Clemenceau) 4 quarters plus 36 acre riverside parcel w/5 bdrm. home. Featuring: bins on concrete with direct hit on railroad cars, 40 acres of mostly mature spruce timber, 2 farmyards- 1 bordering Etomami River and 50 miles of provincial forest, excellent elk hunting and other big game and goose. 580 acres cult. Full line of farm equipment and sawmill also available Reg Hertz, 306-865-7469. FARMLAND FOR SALE in the Kipling, SK. area, RM 124. 7 quarters with 1000 cult. acres, 1200 sq. ft. w/double att. garage, nat. gas heat, built in 1995, heated shop, quonset, seed cleaning complex incl. weigh scale and apple grain storage. 306-736-2850, 306-735-7575. 8 QUARTERS GRAINLAND for RENT in RM Kellross 247. 5 miles North of Leross, SK. 306-736-3223 or QUARTER FARMLAND for Sale by Tender. 134 acres, NE-13-44-04-W3, RM Rosthern. Highest or any tender not necessarily accepted. Please submit tenders to: Robert Baynton, Box 1191, Rosthern, SK, S0K 3R0. Call for more information 306-467-4898. RM #369, 160 acres: 130 farmland, 20 grassland, 10 yardsite. Incl. 3 bdrm house, 3 car garage, quonset and sheds. 306-872-4500, 306-874-7778, Spalding SK RM 260-261, LAND FOR RENT BY TENDER. RM 260: SE-15-27-23, NE-16-27-23, NW-16-27-23, SW-2127-23. RM 261: NE-25-25-26, NW-25-25-26, SE-35-25-26. Highest or any offer may not necessarily accepted. All offers due by January 15, 2017. Grant Specht, Box 38, Eatonia, SK. S0L 0Y0. Home 306-967-2768, cell 306-463-9768.


LOG HOMES AND CABINS, sidings, paneling, decking. Fir and Hemlock flooring, timbers, special orders. Phone Rouck Bros., Lumby, BC. 1-800-960-3388.

WANT THE ORGANIC ADVANTAGE? Contact an organic Agrologist at Pro-Cert for information on organic farming: prospects, transition, barriers, benefits, certification and marketing. Call 306-382-1299, TIMBER FRAMES, LOG STRUCTURES Saskatoon, SK. or and Vertical Log Cabins. Log home refinishing and chinking. Certified Log Builder with 38 years experience. Log & Timber Works, Delisle, SK., 306-717-5161, Email Website at

Bioriginal Food & Science Corp. is actively purchasing: • Organic Flax Seed

(from the 2016 crop year) BUYING ELK for local and international meat markets. Call us for competitive pricing and easy marketing. Phone Ian at 204-848-2498 or 204-867-0085.

MESA AZ. For sale fully furnished 2 bdrm. mobile home. For more info call 306-317-2740.

COUNTRY RAISED CATS and kittens to FOR SALE: 8400 ACRES cultivated highly give away! An assortment of healthy and assessed farmland in Luseland, SK area. active ones. Can deliver within reason. Call 306-834-7619. Phone 306-278-2069, Carragana, SK. FOR RENT: 3000 acre ranch. Includes hay meadows, pasture, possible farm site, 2 barns, house and quonset. Preferably young energetic couple. Mail replies to: 1 FEMALE BLUE HEELER pup, ready now. Box 386, Glaslyn, SK. S0M 0Y0. Excellent working dog. 306-492-2447, LAND FOR RENT by tender, 25 1/4 quaters 306-290-3339, Clavet, SK. for cash rent at Leader, SK. Tenders close MATURE IRISH WOLFHOUND/ Greyhound Jan. 31, 2017. or cross dogs for sale. Phone 306-290-8806, call Ervin Ausmus 306-628-7918. • Buy Used Oil Dundurn, SK. WE CAN HELP YOU SELL YOUR LAND! • Buy Batteries BLUE HEELERS PUPS for sale, ready to go. Homelife Prairies Realty Inc. Over a hundred years of combined agricultural expe• Collect Used Call 306-290-8806, Dundurn, SK. rience. Can sell big or small packages. Can evaluate your property and work with you Filters IRISH WOLFHOUND and GREYHOUND to get you the best price! Look after the • Collect Oil pups for sale, ready to go. Call details and your best interest! For an evaluation or a cup of coffee contact: Tim Containers 306-290-8806, Dundurn, SK. Graham, 306-526-8196 or Robert Young, • Antifreeze BORDER COLLIE PUPS red and white, 306-586-0099, Emerald Park, SK. from working parents, ready to go, $500. SEVERAL QUALITY LAND packages for Southern, 306-587-7169, Success, SK. sale. Please check out our website at Eastern and Regina, SK. BORDER COLLIE pups. From Western PUREBRED good working and personable parents. DWEIN TRASK REALTY INC., Delisle, SK. Tel: 204-248-2110 Manitoba Contact 306-553-2213, Swift Current, SK. Cash renter tenders being accepted for one year lease on N1/2 and SE1/4 of 25-33-09-W3. For further information Do you want to target Manitoba farmers? please call Dwein 306-221-1035. Place your ad in the Manitoba Co-operator. Manitoba’s best-read farm publication.

• Organic Hemp Seed and; • Borage Seed

BUTCHER MEAT GOAT KIDS, butcher lambs, bred boer nannies. 306-466-2068, Shellbrook, SK.

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J&H HOMES: Western Canada’s most trusted RTM Home Builder since 1969. View at 306-652-5322

SASK. SHEEP DEV. BOARD sole distributor of sheep ID tags in Sask., offers programs, marketing services and sheep/ goat supplies. 306-933-5200, Saskatoon, SK.

QUILL CREEK BISON is looking for finished, and all other types of bison. COD, paying market prices. “Producers working with Producers.” Delivery points in SK. and MB. Call 306-231-9110, Quill Lake, SK.

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MEDALLION HOMES 1-800-249-3969 Immediate delivery: New 16’ and 20’ modular homes; Also used 14’ and 16’ homes. Now available: Lake homes. Medallion Homes, 306-764-2121, Prince Albert, SK.

OSSAWA ANGUS, MARQUETTE, MB. has BRED HEIFERS: Approx. 200 big, strong for sale purebred Black heifer calves. Also top of the line, one iron Simmental and Simmental Red Angus cross, bred Red or 2 year old bulls. Info. call 204-375-6658. Black Angus. Exposed May 24th, 2016. Full vaccination program plus Ivomec. Contact CRANBERRY CREEK ANGUS registered 3J Simmental Farms, 306-325-4622 or bulls. Sired by Kodiak, Angus Valley, Final 306-327-8005, Lintlaw, SK. Answer, Cranberry Creek Tiger. EPD and weights available. Hand fed for longevity. BRED COW HERD REDUCTION, by half. Semen tested, reg. transfer, delivered in 150 head. Bred Charolais, to calve first 2014 HIGHLINE BALE PRO CFR651, with May. Guaranteed breeders. Please call week of April. 306-432-4803, Lipton, SK. chopper and grain tank, processed 1000 204-534-2380 David and Jeanette Neufeld bales, asking $27,000. Call 306-397-2653, 100 BRED Heifers. Red Angus cross Simm., 306-441-2663, Edam, SK. REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS yearling Black Angus bred Red or Black Angus, bebulls, low birthweight, very quiet. We’ve gin calving end of March. Full herd health. 13 SILAGE TROUGHS, 30’L, steel framed been in registered Blacks for over 50 yrs. Rob Garner 306-946-7946, Simpson, SK. w/planks, $600 ea; Jiffy 250 feed wagon, Buy now and save! EPD’s and delivery $3500. Ph 306-837-7818, Loon Lake, SK. available. Amaranth, MB., 204-843-2287. 125 BRED RED ANGUS cross heifers, bred to Red Angus bulls. Bulls out July 1st for SVEN ROLLER MILLS. Built for over 40 SOUTH VIEW RANCH has Black and Red 60 days. Call 306-355-2700, Mortlach, SK. years. PTO/elec. drive, 40 to 1000 bu./hr. Angus 2 year old bulls. Ceylon, SK. Call Example: 300 bu./hr. unit costs $1/hr. to 50 BLACK ANGUS cows, bred Black, preg Shane 306-869-8074, Keith 306-454-2730. checked, $1350/ea. Call 306-831-8977, run. Rolls peas and all grains. We regroove and repair all makes of mills. Call Apollo Fiske, SK. SELLING: BLACK ANGUS BULLS. Wayside Machine 306-242-9884, 1-877-255-0187. Angus, Henry and Bernie Jungwirth, 44 TOPCUT ONE IRON Red Angus cross 306-256-3607, Cudworth, SK. bred heifers, AI’d to low birthweight Red Angus bull, very impressive group of heif- HI-HOG CATTLE SQUEEZE. Call BLACK ANGUS BULLS, two year olds, se- ers. Call 306-937-2880 or 306-441-5010 306-773-1049 or 306-741-6513, Swift men tested, guaranteed breeders. Delivery Battleford, SK. Current, SK. available. 306-287-3900, 306-287-8006, Englefeld, SK. GOOD QUALITY BRED HEIFERS. Red 2002 521DXT CASE payloader w/grapple Angus, Red Angus cross Hereford and Red fork. Call 306-773-1049 or 306-741-6513, PUREBRED BLACK ANGUS long yearling Angus cross Simmental. Bred Red Angus. Swift Current, SK. bulls, replacement heifers, AI service. Ferguson Stock Farm Ltd., 306-895-4825, Meadow Ridge Enterprises, 306-373-9140 Paynton, SK. or 306-270-6628, Saskatoon, SK. 12 BRED GELBVIEH heifers for sale, start calving March, 2017, $2000 each. Call PORTABLE TOILET SALES: Selling Five 306-824-4523, Rabbit Lake, SK Peaks Technologies new portable toilets accessories. Phone 403-680-0752 for 90- TWO YR. OLD and yearling Red Angus 75 SECOND AND THIRD Black and Red An- and bulls. Guaranteed, semen tested, and de- gus young bred cows. Call 306-773-1049 details. Visit on-line: livered in the spring. Bob Jensen, or 306-741-6513, Swift Current, SK. 306-967-2770, Leader, SK. RED ANGUS PUREBRED 2 year old bulls. Open heifers also available. Contact DBM WANTED: CULL COWS and bulls. For bookAngus Farms at Holland, MB., Brian ings call Kelly at Drake Meat Processors, 204-526-0942 or David 204-723-0288. 306-363-2117 ext. 111, Drake, SK.

SPRUCE FOR SALE!! Beautiful locally grown trees. Plan ahead and renew your shelterbelt or landscape a new yardsite, get the year round protection you need. We sell on farm near Didsbury, AB. or deliver anywhere in Western Canada. 6 - 12’ spruce available. Now taking spring orders while supplies last. Phone 403-586-8733 or visit:

GREG’S WELDING: Freestanding 30’ 5 bar panels, all 2-7/8” drill stem construction, $470; 24’x5.5’ panels, 2-7/8” pipe with 51” sucker rods, $350; 24’x6’ panels, 2-7/8” pipe with 6- 1” rods, $375; 30’ 2 or 3 bar windbreak panels c/w lumber. Gates and double hinges avail. on all panels. Belting troughs for grain or silage. Calf shelters. Del. avail. 306-768-8555, Carrot River, SK.

We are also contracting for the upcoming growing season. For more information please contact: Sandy Jolicoeur at (306) 975-9251 or email

WANTED: ORGANIC, HEATED or FEED FLAX and feed peas. Call: CUSTOM GRAIN ROLLING on your yard QUALITY w/new PTO Apollo rollermill. New Apollo - 204-379-2451, St. Claude, MB. Sven rollermill sales, used mills buying and selling. Re-grooving all makes. Mani- WANTED: ORGANIC LENTILS, peas and toba Distributor Direct. Phone Farmers chickpeas. Stonehenge Organics, Assiniboia, SK., 306-640-8600, 306-640-8437. Premium Equipment, Randy 204-729-5162

ACTIVELY SEEKING PRODUCTIVE farmland in the RM of Broken Head or Reynolds, East of the Broken Head river. Call Henry Kuhl, Farm Specialist, Royal LePage Alliance, 204-885-5500 or 204-856-3140, Winnipeg, MB. RICHARD KICHAK OF RORKETON is offering the following private land for sale. SE 19-23-25W. The successful purchaser will be considered by Manitoba Agriculture for possible transfer of the Crown land forage lease associated with this ranch unit. This forage lease currently consists of the following: NE 19-23-25W; NW 19-23-25W; SW 19-23-25W; SW 20-23-25W; SE 24-23-26W. If you wish to purchase the private land contact the Lessee Richard Kickak, Box 39, Rorketon, MB. R0L 1R0. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this Unit Transfer, write the Director, Manitoba Agriculture, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB. R0J 1E0 or fax 204-867-6578.

DWEIN TRASK REALTY INC. Quality homes in small towns currently available within 45 minutes of Saskatoon. Ideal for retirement, fixed income or seasonal living situations. Health services, shopping, schools and sport facilities are in these towns or very close commute. For more info. go to or EXCELLENT LIVESTOCK FARMS: please call Dwein 306-221-1035, Amanda 1) 1732 deeded acres w/4425 acres of 306-221-5675 or Victoria 306-270-9740. Crown land, fenced, small bungalow, very good buildings and metal corral system, can carry 350 cow/calf pairs. 2) Excellent horse ranch in Erickson, MB., Riding Arena and buildings in fantastic condition. 3) 640 acres mixed farm within 15 min. of Brandon. 4) 640 acre cattle farm, Rorketon, MB., 1500 sq. ft. home, heated shop. Call Jim McLachlan 204-724-7753, HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc, Brandon, MB., RM RUSSELL. 3400 acres. For more details check out our website DOUBLE RV LOT for sale, Yuma, AZ. With Regina, SK. Realtors/Brokers welcome. RV support building - washer/dryer, toilet, shower etc. 403-871-2441, 928-503-5344. MULCHING- TREES, BRUSH, Stumps. Call today 306-933-2950. Visit us at:

DWEIN TRASK REALTY INC. Very good selection of acreage building sites currently available within 5 min. to 45 minutes of Saskatoon. Sizes range from 10 acres to 160 acres and most have reasonably close YUMA, AZ. HOME for sale: 3 bdrm, 2 utilities. Resale acreages are available as baths, w/solar system, pool, att. garage well. Call Dwein 306-221-1035, Amanda and RV garage, fully furnished. For more 306-221-5675 or Victoria 306-270-9740. info. call 403-871-2441 or 928-503-5344. Pics and details at


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

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Anthropomorphize This!

by Adrian Powell 1










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Or (204) 954-1415 in Winnipeg

Name: ___________________________________________________








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MAiL TO: Manitoba Co-operator, Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7




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DOWN 1 Oktoberfest horn 2 Touch on the side 3 Star-nosed burrower 4 Old buddy 5 "The Handmaid's Tale" author 6 Spring thaw concern 7 Annoy greatly 8 Guy's honey 9 Something to drink at "The King's Head" 10 What farmers hope for in crops 11 Lonesome-sounding lake bird 12 Cathedral's east end, usually 13 Caribou, for one 18 Facts and figs. 19 States of mind 23 Tartan Scottish caps 24 Verses, usually 25 Johann Sebastian of music 26 Treasure hoard 27 Furthest from the centre 28 Monster that chased Frodo Baggins 29 Molokai welcome 30 Outcast in a colony 31 Actress Kudrow of "Friends"

Dull in colour Intense desire Although... Poundmaker was one Pretzels, perhaps Author Jong and actress Durance Kinda "Cheers" beer drinker Builders' blocks Bright turquoise colour Twist around Dead even Rock's "Rush", e.g. Drift through the air Is in the red VCR tape descendent City that last hosted the Olympics Reptile on a pharaoh's headdress Cdn. economic output measure


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wearing horse Fertilizer compound Entry requirement, at times Bowie's weapon Connecting words In a fog Dalmatian's decoration


Town: ___________________________________________________

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ACROSS 1 Home of the NHL's Lightning 6 Latvian capital 10 Happy 14 WWII German sub 15 Major Kazakh river 16 Lasso requirement 17 Anthropomorphic, bumbling, large, white glove-wearing deer 20 Had a snack 21 Mrs. Lennon, once 22 Title holder 23 Stylish Brits 25 Droid's relative 26 Anthromorphic, dangerous amphibian driver 32 Tom-tom or snare 33 Parabolic pieces 34 Tropical ring of flowers 35 Turns into compost 36 Illegally leave hanging? 38 They may write a lot of tickets 39 Wpg's Portage, briefly 40 Egypt's canal 41 Flightless Patagonian bird 42 Anthromorphic, Papa, the carpenter, or Mama who likes making quilts 47 Gerbil's big cousin 48 Apnea sufferer's clamour 49 Roof space storage area 52 Jackie married him in '68 53 Duet compliment 56 Anthromorphic, cowboy hat-

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WINNIPEG OFFICE Manitoba Co-operator 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1

AGREEMENT The publisher reserves the right to refuse any or all advertising for any reason stated or unstated. Advertisers requesting publication of either display or classified advertisements agree that should the advertisement be omitted from the issue ordered for whatever reason, the Manitoba Co-operator shall not be held liable. It is also agreed that in the event of an error appearing in the published advertisement, the Manitoba Co-operator accepts no liability beyond the amount paid for that portion of the advertisement in which the error appears or affects. Claims for adjustment are limited to errors appearing in the first insertion only. While every endeavor will be made to forward box number replies as soon as possible, we accept no liability in respect to loss or damage alleged to a rise through either failure or delay in forwarding such replies, however caused, whether by negligence or otherwise. CAUTION The Manitoba Co-operator, while assuming no responsibility for advertisements appearing in its columns, exercises the greatest care in an endeavor to restrict advertising to wholly reliable firms or individuals. However, please do not send money to a Manitoba Co-operator box number. Buyers are advised to request shipment C.O.D. when ordering from an unknown advertiser, thus minimizing the chance of fraud and eliminating the necessity of a refund where the goods have already been sold.

Toll-Free in Canada 1-800-782-0794 Phone 204-954-1415 in Winnipeg FAX 204-954-1422 Mailing Address: Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7

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Sudoku puzzles are formatted as a 9x9 grid, broken down into nine 3x3 boxes. To solve a sudoku, the numbers 1 through 9 must fill each row, column and box. Each number can appear only once in each row, column and box. You can figure out the order in which the numbers will appear by using the numeric clues already provided in the boxes. The more numbers you name, the easier it gets to solve the puzzle!


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

CERTIFIED AAC BRANDON, AAC Jatharia Grant, Greenshields Seeds, 306-746-7336, 306-524-4339, Semans, SK.



CERTIFIED #1 AAC Brandon HRS, high germ., low fusarium gram. Seed Source, 306-323-4402, Archerwill, SK.

ACREAGE: BETWEEN 12 and 13 acres, approx. 3500 sq. ft. house w/2 car garage, 50x100’ heated shop w/in-floor heat, 60’x200’ cold storage shed and other sheds on yard. $650,000. 20 min. NE Neepawa, MB. Call 204-243-2453 or 204-871-4509.

• Competitive Prices • Prompt Movement • Spring Thrashed

CERTIFIED #1 CDC Plentiful, Cardale, Elgin ND, Goodeve VB, Vesper VB. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. EXCELLENT QUALITY CERTIFIED #1 Cardale, CDC Utmost, CDC Plentiful, Muchmore, AAC Elie, AAC Connery, AAC Brandon, Elgin ND. Frederick Seeds, 306-287-3977, Watson, SK.



AAC BRANDON, reg. and cert., top quality seed. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851, 306-445-5516.



AAC ELIE, CERT., sister to AAC Brandon, top quality seed. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851, RETREAT/ACREAGE- 4 acres, Barrier Val- 306-445-5516. ley/ Archerwill, SK. 2200 sq. ft. home, exc. value, $229,900. Mary Ellen Lebrash, Re/Max Saskatoon, call 306-231-7755, Humboldt, SK. or Info./photos: -Archerwill.

• 2 and 6 row Malt Barley • 15.0+ protein Hard Red Spring Wheat and 11.5 Protein Winter Wheat • Feed Wheat, Barley, Corn and Pea’s

Farm Pick up Available

ELIAS SCALES MFG., several different ways to weigh bales and livestock; Platform scales for industrial use as well, nonelectric, no balances or cables (no weigh like it). Shipping arranged. 306-445-2111, North Battleford, SK.

TOP QUALITY ALFALFA, variety of grasses and custom blends, farmer to farmer. Gary Waterhouse 306-874-5684, Naicam, SK.

PARTS FOR VINTAGE snowmobiles, 1990 and older. Call Don at 780-755-2258, HYBRID AND OPEN-POLLINATED canola varieties. Certified #1 Synergy (Polish), Wainwright, AB. Dekalb, Rugby. Phone Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK.

$28/ACRE, CATT CORN, open pollinated corn seed. Lower cost alternative for grazing and silage. 7-9’ tall leafy plants, 8-10” cobs, early maturing 2150 CHUs. Seed produced in MB. for over 10 yrs. High nutritional value and palatability. Delivery available. 204-723-2831, Check us out on facebook at: Catt Corn

BUYING: ALFALFA SEED and all types of CERTIFIED #1 CDC Sorrel, AAC Bravo. grass seed. Call Gary at Waterhouse Seeds, 306-874-5684, Naicam, SK. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. REG. AND CERT. #1 Bethune flax, 98% germ., Triffied free. Sandercock Seed Farm, 306-334-2958, Balcarres, SK. CDC GLAS FLAX, reg. and cert., top quality seed. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851, 306-445-5516.

CERT CDC Blackstrap (early); CDC Superjet; CDC Jet. High germs. Martens Charolais & Seed, 204-534-8370, Boissevain, MB REG., CERT. MCLEOD R2Y soybean, early season, high yield. Custom treating available. Call for early order and bulk discount pricing. Visa, MC, FCC financing. LLSEEDS.CA, 306-530-8433, Lumsden, SK.

CERTIFIED CDC MARBLE, dark speckled lentils. Call Grant, Greenshields Seeds, 306-746-7336, 306-524-4339, Semans, SK

CERT., REG. CDC Copeland. Volume and cash discounts. Please text or call Jeff at Sopatyk Seed Farms, 306-227-7867, Aberdeen, SK.

CERT. #1 AAC Synergy, CDC Copeland, CERT. REG. FDN. CDC Impulse and CDC excellent quality. Northland Seeds Inc., Proclaim red lentil seed. Higher yielding than Maxim. Volume and cash discounts. 306-324-4315, Margo, SK. Please text or call Jeff at Sopatyk Seed Aberdeen, SK. CERTIFIED #1 LEGACY (6R). Call Fenton Farms, 306-227-7867, Email: Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CERT. #1 COPELAND, 95% germ., 94% vigor, 0 fus., 47. Sandercock Seed Farm, 306-334-2958, Balcarres, SK. CERTIFIED CDC AMARILLO. Volume and cash discounts. Please text or call Jeff at REG., CERT. CDC COPELAND, AC Metcalfe. Sopatyk Seed Farms, 306-227-7867, Call for early order and bulk discount pric- Aberdeen, SK. ing. Visa, MC, FCC financing. Custom treating available. LLSEEDS.CA, REGISTERED CERTIFIED CDC Greenwater; 306-530-8433, Lumsden, SK. Certified CDC Striker. Martens Charolais and Seed, 204-534-8370, Boissevain, MB. CERTIFIED CDC MAVERICK, 96% germ., no disease. Call Hickseeds 306-354-7998 CERT.#1 CDC Limerick and Cooper, (Barry), 306-229-9517 (Dale) Mossbank SK excellent quality. Northland Seeds Inc., 306-324-4315, Margo, SK. TOP QUALITY CERT. #1 CDC Copeland, AC Metcalfe, Newdale. Frederick Seeds, CERTIFIED CDC AMARILLO, CDC Lime306-287-3977, Watson, SK. rick, CDC Greenwater, CDC Mosaic. Call Grant, Greenshields Seeds, 306-746-7336, CDC COPELAND BARLEY, reg. and cert., 306-524-4339, Semans, SK top quality seed. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851, CERTIFIED #1 CDC Amarillo, high germ. 306-445-5516. and quality. Seed Source, 306-323-4402, Archerwill, SK. CERTIFIED #1 CDC Amarillo and CDC Meadow. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, DE DELL SEEDS INC. high yielding grain Tisdale, SK. corn, high yielding silage corn, proven in the prairies. The leaders in non-GMO tech- CERTIFIED ARDILL PEAS, 93% germ., no nology. Prairie dealer. Beausejour, MB. disease. Call Hickseeds 306-354-7998 Free delivery. Call 519-203-2676. (Barry), 306-229-9517 (Dale) Mossbank SK CERTIFIED CONVENTIONAL CM440 grazing corn. Early maturing, leafier for increased grazing yield. No planter required. Swath or stand graze cattle, sheep, bison and for wildlife food plots. CanaMaize Seed Inc., call 1-877-262-4046.

GREEN PEAS: CDC Raezer, CDC Limerick, CDC Greenwater, Fdn., Reg. and Cert. on all, top quality seed. Gregoire Seed Farms Ltd, North Battleford, SK., 306-441-7851, 306-445-5516.

CERT. #1 CS CAMDEN, Triactor, Souris. excellent quality. Northland Seeds Inc., REG. AND CERT. CDC Calvi, great 306-324-4315, Margo, SK. standability, excellent quality. Northland CERTIFIED #1 CDC RUFFIAN, AC Leggett, Seeds Inc., 306-324-4315, Margo, SK. CDC Orrin. Call Fenton Seeds, CERTIFIED CDC CALVI. Phone Grant at 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. Greenshields Seeds, 306-746-7336, EXCELLENT QUALITY CERTIFIED #1 CS 306-524-4339, Semans, SK Camden, Summit, CDC Minstrel, CDC Ruffian, CDC Orrin. Frederick Seeds, CERT. CANTATE CANARY SEED. Highest yielding available variety. Hansen 306-287-3977, Watson, SK. Seeds, 306-465-2525 or 306-861-5679, Yellow Grass, SK.

Best pricing, Best option, Best Service

Vanderveen Commodity Services Ltd. Licensed and Bonded Grain Brokers

37 4th Ave. NE Carman, MB R0G 0J0 Ph. (204) 745-6444 Email: Andy Vanderveen · Brett Vanderveen Jesse Vanderveen

A Season to Grow… Only Days to Pay!

Ca n ola W a n te d


MILLIGAN BIOFUELS INC. 1X2.7143 000024144r2.PDF 1-866-388-6284

w w w .m illiga n biofu e ls .c om B EST D EA LS FO R D A M A G ED C A N O LA

CERTIFIED #1 CDC Impala (small red) Clearfield. Fenton Seeds, 306-873-5438, Tisdale, SK. CERT. #1 CDC IMPULSE CL red lentil. Highest yielding Clearfield red lentil Call 306-465-2525, 306-861-5679 Hansen Seeds, Yellow Grass SK.

WE BUY OATS Call us today for pricing Box 424, Emerson, MB R0A 0L0 204-373-2328


TOP QUALITY CERTIFIED alfalfa and grass seed. Call Gary or Janice Waterhouse 306-874-5684, Naicam, SK. 2009 TRITON 2 place aluminum trailer, 14’ to nose, 13” wheels, $2000. 204-937-3290, Roblin, MB.

ROUND BALE PICKING and hauling, small DUFFERIN MARKET GARDENS is acor large loads. Travel anywhere. Also hay cepting applications for seasonal farm for sale. 306-291-9658, Vanscoy, SK. workers. Duties include: planting, weeding, harvesting and packing vegetables. 400 BROME/ALFALFA 6x6 round hay bales, Long hours, much bending and heavy lift4¢/lb., no rain. Contact 306-634-7920, ing. Start April 2017. Wages $11-$12/hr., near Carman, MB. Forward resume with 306-421-1753, Estevan, SK. references to fax: 204-745-6193. Mail to: Box 1051, Carman, MB., R0G 0J0. HAY BALES ROUND mixed 5x5, hard core, no rain, net wrapped, horse quality, 2 SEASONAL FARM MACHINERY operators $100/bale. Near Regina, SK 306-539-6123 required. Must be able to operate grain cart, tandem grain truck, FWA tractor LARGE ROUND ALFALFA brome mixed hay. w/rockpicker, 4WD tractor for harrowing. Call 306-764-6372, Prince Albert, SK. Also manual labour for upkeep of leafcutter bees and general servicing of equipment. May 1 to October 31. $15-$18/hr. 101008187 SK Ltd., 303 Frontier Trail, Box 372, Wadena, SK., S0A 4J0. Fax: 306-338-3733, phone: 306-338-7561 or email:

NORCAN restores grain farm profitability. Buy from Norcan and keep your own Glyphosphate 1 soybean seed. Norcan farmers have reported yields over 60 bu./acre. Call/text Nate, 204-280-1202 or Norcan Seeds 204-372-6552, Fisher Branch, MB. GLY SOYBEAN SEED, early, mid, and long season available. Top yield, bulk or bagged. Keep your own seeds with the convenience of Glyphosate! No contracts or TUA’s. Dealers wanted. Call/text Nate, 204-280-1202 or Norcan Seeds 204-372-6552, Fisher Branch, MB.

Why wait for your ag news? Sign up for daily enews at

LACKAWANNA PRODUCTS CORP. Buyers and sellers of all types of feed grain and grain by-products. Contact Bill Hajt or Christopher Lent at 306-862-2723.


ICE SHACKS- NEW heated and insulated structural metal ECO shacks. Wood stove, extra storage, removable benches, 14”x66” floor opening. See your nearest Flaman location 1-888-435-2626. SLEIGHS- ICE FISHING and trapping sleighs, starting at only $55. Call or visit your nearest Flaman location, 1-888-435-2626. ICE SHACKS- INSULATED shacks now on for $2399. Accessories avail., rod holders, slush buckets, hole sleeves, catch covers, stoves and more. See your nearest Flaman location 1-888-435-2626.

NUVISION COMMODITIES is currently purchasing feed barley, wheat, peas and 3 - 1000 GALLON PROPANE tanks. 2 are milling oats. 204-758-3401, St. Jean, MB. c/w trailers; and 1 - 500 gal. propane tank. WANTED: FEED BARLEY Buffalo Plains Call for details 306-287-8062, Watson, SK. Cattle Company is looking to purchase barley. For pricing and delivery dates, call POLY TANKS: 15 to 10,000 gal.; Bladder Kristen 306-624-2381, Bethune, SK. tanks from 220 to 88,000 gallon; Water WANTED: OFF-GRADE PULSES, oil seeds and liquid fertilizer; Fuel tanks, single and and cereals. All organic cereals and spe- double wall; Truck and storage, gas or dsl. cialty crops. Prairie Wide Grain, Saskatoon, Wilke Sales, 306-586-5711, Regina, SK. SK., 306-230-8101, 306-716-2297.

ROUND ALFALFA/ALFALFA GRASS solid core greenfeed 5x6 JD hay bales for sale. Call 306-237-4582, Perdue, SK. BIG ROUND BALES, 1200 lbs., Orchard grass alfalfa mixture, solid core, no rain, $30/bale OBO. 2nd cut big bales, same quality. Also small square wheat straw bales, $2.50/bale. 204-886-2083 eves Teulon, MB. HORSE OR HORSE HAY, alfalfa, Timothy, brome, 1st and 2nd cut, med. sq., stored inside. Test and delivery available. Ph/text 204-771-7496, 204-738-2183, Petersfield.

TARPCO, SHUR-LOK, MICHEL’S sales, service, installations, repairs. Canadian company. We carry aeration socks. We carry grain bags. We now carry electric chute openers for grain trailer hoppers. 1-866-663-0000.

CHECK OUT OUR inventory of quality used highway tractors. For more details call 204-685-2222 or view information at

GOOD USED TRUCK TIRES: 700/8.25/ 2015 1st & 2nd cut, 2016 1st cut alfalfa/ 900/1000/1100x20s; 11R22.5/11R24.5; grass round bales, price negotiable. Will 9R17.5, matched sets available. Pricing load. 204-265-3349, Beausejour, MB. from $90. K&L Equipment and Auto. Ph 38 ROUND HAY BALES 1st cut alfalfa Ladimer, 306-795-7779, Ituna, SK; Chris mix, $25 each. 9 round bales 2nd cut pure at 306-537-2027, Regina, SK. alfalfa, $30 each. Phone 204-882-2356, Ste Agathe, MB. MR. TIRE CORP. For all your semi and LARGE ROUND ALFALFA BROME half ton tire needs call Mylo 306-921-6555 Serving all of Saskatchewan. BALES. Call 204-859-2724, Rossburn, MB. TOP QUALITY HORSE HAY in small squares, $4-$6; Also good heavy feed oats for sale. 204-734-5139, Swan River, MB. 1000 ROUND 5x6 bales. Grass/legume grass, unthreshed barley and straw. Excellent to average quality. Priced accordingly. Contact Ed 306-563-6261, Gorlitz, SK.

TOP QUALITY GRASS HAY for sale, shedded, can deliver, 306-501-9204 ask for Paul. Belle Plain Colony, Belle Plain, SK. 200 BIG ROUND organic oat straw bales, $18 each. 306-722-3225, Fillmore, SK. LONG LAKE TRUCKING, two units, custom hay hauling. Call 306-567-7100, Imperial, SK. WANTED HEATED CANOLA. No broker 190 - 2ND CUT ALFALFA bales. Baled with involved. Sell direct to crushing plant. no rain. Feed analysis done. Can deliver. Cash on delivery or pickup. 306-228-7306 306-567-7199, Kenaston, SK. or 306-228-7325, Unity, SK. CUSTOM BALE HAULING. Will haul large squares or round. Phone 306-567-7199, Kenaston, SK. ROUND ALFALFA/GRASS MIXED hard 5x6, average 1450 lbs., 3.5¢/lb. FARMERS, RANCHERS, core, 306-736-2445, 306-577-7351, Kipling, SK. SEED PROCESSORS CONVENTIONAL WHEAT STRAW round bales and pea straw round bales. Ph/text BUYING ALL FEED GRAINS Troy 306-867-7719, Glenside, SK.

Heated/Spring Threshed Lightweight/Green/Tough, Mixed Grain - Barley, Oats, Rye, Flax, Wheat, Durum, Lentils, Peas, Canola, Chickpeas, Triticale, Sunflowers, Screenings, Organics and By-Products √ ON-FARM PICKUP √ PROMPT PAYMENT √ LICENSED AND BONDED SASKATOON, LLOYDMINSTER, LETHBRIDGE, VANCOUVER, MINNEDOSA

TRI-AG MARKETING SOLUTIONS. Buyers of all classes of wheat, barley, oats, and canola. Will buy tough and damp grain. Trucking available. Prompt payment. Can also provide full marketing strategies. Call Matt 306-469-7660, Big River, SK.

GLEANER S77 DUALS, complete factory kit w/tires, rims, platform extension and hardware. Firestone radials 85%, $16,900. 1-888-278-4905. RIMS FOR SALE! We are clearing out our excess rims! Get all standard size combine rims for 50% off our reg. price. Excludes duals and specialty size rims. Offer ends May 30th, 2017. 1-888-278-4905 or view TIRES TIRES TIRES! Radial, bias, new, used. 20.8x42, 18.4x42, 20.8x38, 18.4x38, 20.8R34, 18.4x34, 900/60R32, 800/65R 32, 24.5x32, 18.4x30, 23.1x30, 16.9x28, 28Lx26, 18.4x26, 19.5Lx24. Semis, skid steers. Best price and value guaranteed! 1-888-278-4905 2- NEW 20.5Rx25 Michelin 1* XTLA G2 L2 tubeless loader tires, $1775 ea.; 4- new LT245/75R/17 BFG Rugged Trail, $175 ea; New P205/70R/15 BFG Long Trail trailer tire, $80. All stored inside. 306-915-7061.

CLEANING PLANT TRAINEE/OPERATOR, full-time to Operate grain cleaning equipment at Hickseeds Ltd. in Mossbank, SK. Should have: Knowledge of grain and seed industry; Ability to manage time and meet deadlines; Good communication skills; Record keeping capabilities for bin samples, quality control etc; Be able to follow specific directions, protocol and procedures. Duties will include: Provide support to site manager to ensure work flows in a safe and efficient manner; Loading/unloading trucks; May be required to assist with farm duties at times. Must be flexible with work hours during peak season, be able to work independently and have own transportation. Wages based on experience. Call Barry Hicks 306-354-7998 or e-mail: BATTLE RIVER GRAZING Corporation is currently accepting tenders for the contract of Pasture Manager for Battle River Cut Knife, SK. pasture. For particulars on this contract please contact: Dave O’Donnell at 306-823-3771 or Cal Ramsay at 306-398-7343. Written tenders may be directed to: Battle River Grazing Corporation Box 391, Cut Knife, SK. S0M 0N0. Deadline for submission of tender applications is January 15, 2017. Lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.

Manitoba Sheep Association Requires A Office Manager The MSA Office Manager is responsible for the day-to-day office administration of the Manitoba Sheep Association, its financial management, maintaining MSA records and membership data base and reports directly to the MSA Board. This is a contract position up to 30 hours per month and requires being available occasional evenings. Organizing board meeting and taking minutes, communicating with membership and the public in an acceptable and friendly manner. The successful applicant will be a motivated individual, capable of working without supervision. Be able to provide their own office space, competent with computers and a strong working knowledge of accounting software. Further Information contact: Jonathan Nichol, 204-421-9434 or 242-0925 Submit a cover letter, resume, references and

expected remuneration to MSA Position c/o prior to January 26, 2017.

CLASS 1 DRIVERS WANTED- Full and Part-time Positions. We specialize in the handling and transportation of bulk comCHECK OUT OUR parts specials at modities for the agricultural industry. www.Maximinc.Com/parts or call Maxim Great Pay. Home on the weekends. Truck & Trailer, 1-888-986-2946. Benefits plan. Modern equipment. We are looking for qualified drivers and owner operators to pull Super B hopper trailers. 204-795-0950.

KORNUM WELL DRILLING, farm, cottage and acreage wells, test holes, well rehabilitation, witching. PVC/SS construction, expert workmanship and fair pricing. 50% government grant now available. Indian SHAVINGS: Cattle Feedlot/horse/poultry Head, SK., 306-541-7210 or 306-695-2061 bedding. Bulk pricing and delivery available. Vermette Wood Preservers, Spruce Home, SK. 1-800-667-0094. Email View HORSE QUALITY HAY bales rounds and U-DRIVE TRACTOR TRAILER Training, small square, grass or alfalfa. Call 30 years experience. Day, 1 and 2 week upgrading programs for Class 1A, 3A and 306-290-8806, Dundurn, SK. air brakes. One on one driving instructions. 300 BIG SQUARE flax straw bales, ideal for 306-786-6600, Yorkton, SK. animal shelters, wind shelters, etc. 306-320-1041, Leroy, SK.

GOOD QUALITY HAY put up dry without rain. 400 big square bales, 3x4x8., CERTIFIED AAC PREVAIL, AAC Foray and 306-320-1041, Leroy, SK. AAC Pasture. Volume and cash discounts. Please text or call Jeff at Sopatyk Seed BESCO GRAIN LTD. Buying all varieties of WANTED: FEED GRAIN, barley, wheat, 350 EXCELLENT 2nd cut, Alfalfa/Brome Farms, 306-227-7867, Aberdeen, SK. mustard. Also canary and some other spe- peas, green or damaged canola. Phone mix, 1500 lbs., 4.5¢/lbs. 306-834-7204, cialty crops. 204-745-3662, Brunkild, MB Gary 306-823-4493, Neilburg, SK. Kerrobert, SK. Email:

EXPERIENCED FULL-TIME HELP for mixed farm, Class 1 an asset. Competitive wages. Call 306-537-6435, Odessa, SK.

FARM LABOURER REQUIRED for livestock operation. Duties include: operating, maintaining seeding & harvesting equip. Smoke free enviro., $17/hr. Housing avail. Lyle Lumax, 204-525-2263, Swan River, MB.

NEED TO SELL? Get great exposure at a great price! Call today to place your ads by phone.




The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017



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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canada’s BULL SALE Source

12th Annual Family Day Sale

p.m. at the farm near Athabasca, AB February 20, 2017 1:00 Lunch at 11:30 a.m. SELLING:



Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


One Breed Every Need


Performance•Docility•Efficienc y•Longevity

The Bull You Can Trust •

5160 Skyline Way NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6V1 •

1-888-836-7242 •

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


1901 - 2017

Horned Hereford Polled Hereford

Ranch Horses Angus

Mar 1 & 2 For more information contact ALBERTA CATTLE BREEDERS ASSOCIATION (403)852-0154

On-line bidding with DLMS

Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017



Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017




Being involved in all aspects of the beef business has taught me that there are many valuable traits that are needed in order to produce healthy, palatable and profitable beef. No breed satisfies as many of these requirements as today’s Canadian Limousin, who have now managed to bring docility to what I believe is the most profitable breed in the world.”

AMAGLEN LIMOUSIN Ian & Bonnie Hamilton Darlingford, MB 204.246.2312 Bulls for sale by private treaty and Manitoba Bull Test, April 1st

HIGH CATTLE COMPANY Darren & Chase High Airdrie, AB Darren 403.860.1087 Chase 403.808.7940 Bulls sell by private treaty

ANDREW RANCHES Greg Andrew / Tim Andrew Tilley, AB / Youngstown, AB 403.633.6337 / 403.854.6335 Bull Sale March 14th, Brooks, AB

HIGHLAND STOCK FARMS The Matthews Family Bragg Creek, AB 403.585.8660 Bull Sale March 18th, Bragg Creek, AB

BAR 3R LIMOUSIN The Rea Family Marengo, SK 306.463.7950 / 306.968.2923 Bull sale March 16th, Oyen, AB

HILLVIEW FARMS Raymond & Corine, Colin & Tessa Verbeek Morinville, AB Ray 780.939.2173 Colin 780.982.1676 On farm bull sale March 4th, Morinville, AB

EXCEL RANCHES Ron & Barb, Cody & Amy Miller Westlock, AB Ron 780.349.2135 Cody 780.349.0644 Excellence Bull Sale March 9th at the farm, Westlock, AB

LAZY S LIMOUSIN Stan & Ty Skeels & Vykki Johns Rimbey, AB 403.704.0288 Bull sale March 25th, Rimbey, AB

JAYMARANDY LIMOUSIN/ JAYMARANDY LIVESTOCK Len & Ruth Angus and Family Roblin, MB 204.937.4980/ 204.281.5099 Western Gateway Bull Sale April 4th, St. Rose Du Lac, MB PINNACLE VIEW LIMOUSIN Swaan & Kishkan families Quesnel, BC 250.747.2618 / 250.991.6654 Bulls sell in Peace Country Bull Sale April 4th, Dawson Creek, BC NORDAL LIMOUSIN Rob Garner Simpson, SK 306.946.7946 Bull Sale Feb. 16th, Saskatoon, SK

R & R ACRES Randy & Rhonda Bollum Airdrie, AB 403.948.4768 16th “Beefmaker” Bull Sale Feb. 4th at the ranch RICHMOND RANCH Jim & Stephanie Richmond Rumsey, AB 403.368.2103 Bull sale March 11th at the ranch, Rumsey, AB SYMENS LAND & CATTLE CO. James & Laura Symens Claresholm, AB 587.728.1004 / 604.880.7515 Bull sale Mar. 17th, Claresholm, AB


PHONE 1. 403.253.7309 TOLL-FREE 1.866.886.1605 FAX 1.403.253.1704 WEB

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


T�e b�s� w�y t� p�e�i�t t�e f�t�r� i� t� c�e�t� i�!

Use a Shorthorn bull to add carcass value, docility, feed efficiency, performance and maternal traits to your herd. Contact a breeder near you or the Canadian Shorthorn Association Box 3771, Regina, SK S4P 3N8 Ph: 306.757.2212 Fax: 306.525.5852

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017






THURSDAY Pictured Sinclair Rito 9R7 Trait Leader WW & YW 35 Sons Sell


Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


7th Annual Ranch Raised



Multi-Breed Bull Sale MARCH 18, 2017 • 1:00 PM MAYERTHORPE AG BARN VIEWING: 10:00 AM • LUNCH: 12:00 PM







Ralph & Lorree Erdell (780)786-2961


Henry & Michelle Roy (780)723-2361





Andy & Darlene Becker (780)723-2683


Jason & Carla Rand (780)725-3775

Dave Holroyd (780)723-3974

Larry, Nola & Sara Van Sickle (780)786-4341


Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Diamond M Ranch

6th Annual Bull Sale

February 12, 2017

At the Ranch West of Estevan, SK

“Mature Bulls Designed for Today's Cattlemen” 60 coming Two Year Old Simmental and Simmental/Angus Bulls All the bulls come from many generations of red or black genetics. Performance and calving ease bulls. Semen tested and guaranteed.

Brian Bouchard 403-813-7999

Diamond M_Jan2017CM.indd 1

12/20/2016 5:07:14 PM

Cam Sparrow 306-668-4218 Vanscoy, Saskatchewan


Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


23rd Annual Bull Sale

Saturday, March 4, 2017- 1:00 pm

At the Ranch, Carievale, SK (heated sales arena)

180 Bulls Sell Red & Red Blaze Simmental Bulls

Herd Bulls Designed by Ranchers for Ranchers • All bulls born, bred & developed right here at MRL • Large sire groups 1/2 and 3/4 brothers Penfulls of uniform bulls in every category • Sight Unseen Buyer’s Program (Can’t make it sale day, give us a call. Almost 25% of our bulls sell SUS. Quality in Quanity and 95% go Many repeat customers year after year.) Commercial Cowb oys. • Semen evaluated and guaranteed • Free Delivery in Western Canada. Cost sharing to the East (Our trailer is most likely going right past your gate.) • Sound rugged Bulls developed on a high roughage ration (Born, bred and fed to work and stay working) • Extra age bulls ready to cover some ground. Offering 50 May/June coming Two Year Olds and January/February born yearlings. • Genetically engineered to excel for the commercial cattleman. Calving ease, performance and packed full of maternal traits.

50 20

Polled Yearlings Coming Two Year Olds

• Affordable Bulls • to Black & Black Blaze 50 Polled Yearlings Polled Simmental Bulls 20 Coming Two Year Olds

“THE BULL BUSINESS” IS WHAT WE DO! Supplying Quality Herdbulls to progressive Cattlemen for 40 years! For over 40 years we have been committed to and focused on providing herd bulls that will excel for commercial cowboys. Over the years we have listened to our customers to provide herd bulls that work in today’s industry under real world ranching conditions. Our breeding program isn’t influenced by the showring or the flavour of the month but rather genetics that work for everyday cattlemen who make their living in the cow business. Herd bulls that will sire calves with moderate birth weights, explosive growth, structural soundness with eye appeal and packed full of maternal power. Extra age bulls Jan/Feb born yearlings and check out the large group of May/June coming two year olds for 2017. Sound, rugged herd bulls that will cover some ground. No fluff, no puff. The top 170 bulls from our highly regarded cowherd of almost 700 mother cows and the most elite herd bulls in the business. Come see for yourself what keeps the commercial cowboys coming back year after year. Give us a call, text or email for a full color catalogue and bull video.

Red & Black Angus Bulls


30 15

Polled Yearlings Coming Two Year Olds

Red & Black Simmental & Angus Bulls April/May Coming Two Year Olds

MRL Cattleman2.indd 1

12/20/2016 5:02:29 PM

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017




2017 - 1:00 PM Heartland Livestock, Virden, MB

Powerful Ranch Bulls selected with your profit in mind!!



BONCHUK FARMS Dave 204.8423706 or 204.773.0467 Wayne 204.842.3859 or 204.796.0004 Email:

Brian Bouchard 403.813.7999

Chad Lorenz 403.896.9585

Darnell Fornwald 403.795.8030

Doug Domolewski 403.635.1840

High Country Bull Sale

25 Angus Long yearlings

Price Rib @ 12 noon

March 04, 2017 1:00pm Fairgrounds Pincher Creek, AB

50 Charolais Two’s & Yearlings

New Watch the Sale online!

3 Ranch Horse Prospects Blaine & Moira Pickard 403-627-4766

A&L Robbins Ranching 403-627-7398 Turnbull Charolais 403-627-6951 Char-Lew Ranch 403-627-9412

View the catalogue online @ Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Davidson Gelbvieh & Lonesome Dove Ranch 28




Selling... 100+


RED OR BLACK - CALVING EASE OR PERFORMANCE make this your one-stop-shopping event! Featuring new bloodlines and reputable genetics you’ve come to know. Catalog and videos will be available online at & Sale will be broadcast online at Vernon & Eileen Davidson Box 681, Ponteix, SK S0N 1Z0 Ph 306.625.3755 Cell 306.625.7863 • Cell 306.625.7864

Ross & Tara Davidson & family Box 147, Ponteix, SK S0N 1Z0 Ph 305.625.3513 R 306.625.7045 • T 306.625.7345

Family Day Bull Sale 12th Annual

February 20, 2017 With over 2000 mother cows exposed in 2016, we at Ole Farms raise trouble free cattle. In order to be profitable we believe that a cow must be able to: feed herself on forages for as many days as possible with minimal mechanical intervention, rebreed each summer and wean a calf every year. Our cattle must be deep bodied, easy fleshing and have solid feet. This enables them to hold condition and breed without being pampered. Our sale bulls are 21 months of age. They are moderate, forage developed and ready to make your operation more profitable.

1:00 p.m. at the farm near Athabasca, AB – Lunch at 11:30 a.m.

180 Red & Black Angus Two Year Old Bulls Strong set of 200 Commericial Red & Black Angus Bred Heifers Due to start calving May 1st

Canada’s largest selection of 2 year old Angus bulls.

“Sharing in the Excitement of Agriculture”

Sale Managed by:

Kelly & Anna Olson: 780-675-4664 – Kelly Cell: 780-689-7822 Travis: 780-689-8324 – Graham: 780-675-0112 P.O. Box 420, Athabasca, Alberta T9S 2A4

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


32nd Annual Bull Sale February 25, 2017 @ 1:00 pm Spruce Grove

LFE 3013C Chunk x Dream On

LFE 3067C Rich Ray x Dreaming Red

LFE 3086C Chunk x Big Dreams

LFE 3011C Advance x Tangle Ridge

125 Simm. Yearlings 90 Simm. Extra Age LFE 3092C Hilton x Winslow

LFE 3003C Resource x Net Worth

45 Angus Yearlings 45 Angus Extra Age LFE 3019C Smoken x Pride Rock

Website: Office Ph.: 780-962-5050 Kyle Lewis: 780-220-9188 Jordan Buba: 780-818-4047 Ken Lewis: 780-818-3829 emails: Guest Consignors: Mark Land & Cattle, Lenny Mark 780-842-7207 & Golden Sunset Ranch, Kyle Martin 780-581-4418

Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017





OUTLAW CATTLE COMPANY Brad Dundas : : 403.325.0684 Box 58 Hussar, AB T0J 1S0 : :


Outlaw_CommercialCountryAd_2017_JanIssue.indd 1

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide

2016-12-09 10:16 PM


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

JANUARY 2017 The 2017


For six years the Bull Buyer’s Guide has been the Canadian Cattlemen’s source for bull sale information.

“Where the serious bull buyers are lookin g”

WHY SHOULD YOU ADVERTISE IN THE BULL BUYERS GUIDE • Massive Distribution (91,000) Promotes your bull sale to cattlemen across Western Canada in leading ag publications. • Covers All Breeds: The only Bull Buyers Guide that reaches commercial cattlemen across all breeds that may not be getting the individual breed publications. • Unbeatable Value: One low price gets you into all 3 publications • Full Colour Ad: Send it to us press ready or don’t have an ad, no problem, we’ll build it at no extra charge

PUBLICATION DISTRIBUTION LATE FEBRUARY ISSUES: Deadline: Feb. 1, 2017 February 20 - Saskatchewan AgDealer February 23 - Manitoba Co-operator February 27 - Alberta Farmer Express Book an ad in the 2017 Bull Buyers Guide and save huge money on ads booked in Canadian Cattlemen, Grainews/Cattleman’s Corner and other leading ag publications. Call for details.

National Advertising Sales Cell: 306-251-0011

Tiffiny Taylor

Box 1638 - Rimbey, AB T0C 2J0 (403) 843-4756 • (403) 783-1217

Rg Rd #21

Mike Millar

Dan, Karen, Mackenzie & Garren Skeels

Hwy 20

REMINDER Contact your Rep to tell them about your Post Sale Results so we can publish them in Canadian Cattlemen


Anchor D Ranch TWP Rd #433A Hwy 53

Directions: From Rimbey 1 1/2 miles North on Hwy #20, 3 miles East on Hwy 53, 3 1/2 miles North on Rg Rd #21, 1/4 mile East on Twp Rd #433A

National Advertising Sales Cell: 204-228-0842

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Join us on March 7, 2017 for our fifth annual

BELVIN*ANGUS*BULL*SALE 1 : 3 0 P M • AT T H E FA R M , I N N I S FA I L , A B • 6 5 A N G U S B U L L S S E L L

Featuring sons from our most proven herd bulls and donor females!

Gavin & Mabel Hamilton • Colton • Quinn PHONE 403.224.2353 EMAIL WEB

P.O. Box 6134, Innisfail, Alberta T4G 1S8 COLTON’S CELL 403.507.5416 BRENDYN ELLIOT 250.449.5071

GAVIN’S CELL 403.556.5246

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

JANUARY 2017 Selling 75 Rising Two Year Olds: Polled Limousin 20 • Red & Black Limousin Sires: TMCK Westmoreland EXLR Westwind 006Y

30 • Black Angus

Black Angus Sires: Crescent Creek Emblazon 109X LLB Free Wheeler 68Y

25 • Red Angus

Red Angus Sires: Red Blairs Cargo 47Z Red Sooline On Target 9308 These sires represent calving ease, performace and high maternal traits Scott Bohrson P: 403-370-3010

View the catalogue online at

Martin Bohrson P: 306-220-7901

Box 85 Simpson, SK S0G 4MO Rob Garner Cell: 306-946-7946

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

JANUARY 2017 Stewart Cattle Co. & Guests

9th Annual Black Angus Bull Sale 50 Black Angus Bulls & Simmental x Angus Bulls

FEBRUARY 23 / 2017 1:00pm Neepawa Ag-plex, Neepawa, MB

Looking for “Heifer Bulls”? ✓ 70+ bulls available for spring 2017

Phone or email for catalogue: Sale catalogue & video will be available from consignors or online @

✓ volume discounts for buying 4 or more

FREE BOARD on all bull purchases until April 1, 2017

Stewart Cattle Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.773.6392 DJ Cattle Co. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.841.3880 Legaarden Livestock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.648.5254

✓ sold private treaty off the ranch ✓ selecting from a 600 cow base ✓ over 700 bulls sold since 2003 ✓ testimonials available Our focus is making better cows, selecting for maternal traits and moderating frame resulting in bulls that have built in ‘calving ease”!

Shellmouth, MB 204-564-2540



Contact: Mike Millar @ 306-251-0011 MIKE.MILLAR@FBCPUBLISHING.COM

Contact: Tiffiny @ 204-228-0842 TIFFINY.TAYLOR@FBCPUBLISHING.COM


Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


MENTALS 100 RED & BLACK SIMMENTAL R PLUS SIM BULLS nc & Sons Ross LeBla S4A 2L7 tevan, SK Box 1476 Es 6.634.8031 Marlin 30 306.421.2470 Cell 306.421.1824 Ross 306.421.9909 Jason


oBI RoB HoLowAyCHUK 780.916.2628 MARK HoLowAyCHUK 403.896.4990


Sales Manag


Box 1476 ESTEVAN, SK S4A H 2L7 aychuk Rob olow MARLIN LEBLANC 780.916.2628 waychuk (CELL) 306.421.2470 Mark Holo (CELL) 306.421.9637 403.896.4990 (HoME) 306.634.8031

LLB Angus



at the farm Erskine AB

MARCH 11, 2017

Offering over 700 head of Quality Black & Red Angus Cattle

• 150 yearling bulls • 100 two year old bulls • 100 yearling heifers • 300 commercial heifers • 50 commercial bred heifers

Black & Red Yearling Bulls

Commercial Heifers

LEE, LAURA & JACKIE BROWN TRISH & TIM HENDERSON Phone: 403-742-4226 Fax: 403-742-2962

Black & Red Two year old Bulls

Contact us for a sale catalogue

Box 217, Erskine, Alberta T0C 1G0 catalogue online

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Friday, February 17, 2017

Lunch at 12:00 noon - Sale at 1:00 pm At the Farm - 4 & 1/4 Miles East of Bashaw, AB

Sale Offering 50 Coming 2 Year Old Black Angus Bulls OUR SALE DAY INCLUDES OPEN REPLACEMENT HEIFERS

No Bulls Sold Prior to Sale!! Watch Video Preview & Bid Online at

For More Information Contact: Lazy E Bar Ranching Ltd. Jim & Karyl Bleakley Phone: 780-372-4175 Cell: 403-741-9864 Wade & Laura Bleakley Phone: 780-372-4417 Cell: 403-318-8775 E: W:

Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide

Bull Sale February 17


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


On the Ranch, Russell, Manitoba Thursday, February 16, 2017 Black and Red Simmentals, Angus and Simm-Angus Bulls Miles, Bonnie & Jared Glasman Home: 204.773.3279 Miles’ Cell: 204.773.6275 Jared’s Cell: 204.796.0999

Sale Managed By: T Bar C Cattle Co. Chris: 306-220-5006 Office: 306-933-4200

find us on Matthew & Leanne Glasman Home: 204.773.3209 Matt’s Cell: 204.773.6055

Western Canada’s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017


Western Canadaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

Take the weather with you. Download Weatherfarm Mobile Weather from hundreds of stations available on your smartphone! Available FREE for iPhone & Android devices

The new Weatherfarm Mobile app gives you instant access to an extensive, live-updating network with current and forecasted weather data for your farm or surrounding area. App features include: Current conditions Hourly, 6 hour and 10 day forecast data  Radar & satellite data  Weather news & facts  Weather alerts  Market and ag news  Intuitive interface with large, easy-to-read text  More to Come  

The Weatherfarm Mobile app gives farmers clear and comprehensive weather information that is essential to their operation. Scan the code below to download the app available for iPhone and Android devices.

For more information please contact us at: Get weather on your desktop at

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 12, 2017

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Strap yourself in. The convenient liquid formulation of Heat® LQ herbicide offers the fastest, most reliable weed control to get crops off to a clean start. It’s also the only solution that lets you choose between a pre-seed or pre-emerge application in cereals and pulses, with both burndown and the option for residual control. So why hesitate when it comes to resistance? Step on it. For details, visit or call AgSolutions® Customer Care at 1-877-371-BASF (2273).

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2016-12-29 2:26 PM

Client: BASF

Publication: Manitoba Cooperator





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