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YOU’RE PAYING FOR A FERTILIZER PLANT. PAGE 45

LIVING AGGREGATE, OR LUMP OF DIRT? A simple method of demonstrating soil health » Page 15

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JANUARY 16, 2014

SERVING MANITOBA FARMERS SINCE 1925 | VOL. 72, NO. 3

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1/10/2014 9:08:00 PM

MANITOBACOOPERATOR.CA

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Dutch farmer finds animal health and welfare go hand in hand Gerbert Oosterlaken wants animal welfare advocates on his side instead of the opposition Some have described the Netherlands as a living laboratory for sustainable intensive livestock production. With 16.7 million people living with 11 million hogs, 80 million chickens and 400,000 cows in an area that is one-fifteenth the size of Manitoba, it is impossible for the animal industry to operate below the public’s radar. Growing public distaste over environmental and animal welfare issues came to a head a decade ago when a series of disease outbreaks caused catastrophic losses, leaving disturb-

ing headlines and images in their wake. Government and industry was pushed into action. Today, production protocols — both regulatory and self-imposed — in the Netherlands exceed European and global standards on several fronts. The costs have been high. But so are the rewards. Co-operator editor Laura Rance recently participated in a study tour sponsored by the Dutch consulate in Washington, D.C. of how the pork and poultry sectors have adapted. Here is one hog farmer’s story.

By Laura Rance CO-OPERATOR EDITOR / BEERS, NETHERLANDS

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hen Gerbert Oosterlaken began designing a new 600sow barn on his livestock and crop farm in this densely populated district, he wasn’t interested in state-of-the-art production systems. He looked 20 years into the future — one he believes will be driven as much by how well he can get along with his nonfarming neighbours as it is by economics. “We thought in advance what can come to us, and where do we have to go?” he told a group of Canadian visitors. So when Oosterlaken’s barn opened for business last year, it also opened to the public. Visitors can drop in any time during daylight hours, serve See DUTCH FARM on page 6 »

Oosterlaken prides his barn in being a stress-free environment.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

INSIDE

Did you know?

LIVESTOCK

Research proves it — living in the country is better

Cattle feel the wind chill too And keeping calves dry is essential

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Urbanization blamed for increase in ‘unipolar depressive disorder’ Staff

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CROPS Is the freeze-thaw effect a myth? Frost may not improve soil compaction

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FEATURE Healthy soil equals healthy profit Fertility isn’t just N, P and K: USDA scientist

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iving in the country improves your mental health, say researchers writing in the American Chemical Society journal Environmental Science & Technology. Mathew P. White and colleagues note that mental well-being is a major public health issue, with unipolar depressive disorder the leading cause of disability in middle- to high-income countries. Some research suggests that part of the blame for this unhappiness lies in increased urbanization — nearly 80 per cent of the world’s population in more developed regions live in city environments, which tend to have little room for nature. To figure out if nature makes people feel better in the long run, White’s team compared the mental health of hundreds of people in the U.K. who went from a grey urban setting to a greener one with those who moved in the opposite direction. Data

file photo

showed that the people who moved to greener areas were happier during all three years that their health was tracked after relocating. “Moving to greener urban areas was associated with sustained mental health improvements, suggesting that environmental policies to increase urban green space may have sustainable public health benefits,” the researchers said in a release.

READER’S PHOTO

CROSSROADS ‘Freelance farmer’ documents visits Profiles of 80 farms posted to online directory

4 5 10 11

Editorials Comments Livestock Markets Grain Markets

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What’s Up Weather Vane Classifieds Sudoku

15 16 27 30

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

New Canadian canola production target: 26 million tonnes by 2015 The Canola Council of Canada says almost all of the new production will come from increased yields, not more acres By Allan Dawson co-operator staff

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“As a canola grower myself I am convinced we can achieve 52 bushels an acre.”

fter hitting its production target of 15 million tonnes average canola two years early, the Canola Council of Canada has a new one — 26 million tonnes by 2025. It says it will be achieved not Terry Youzwa by planting more acres, but through higher yields averaging 52 bushels an acre, instead of the current five-year aver- an increasing population, global canola oil demand will age of 34. “That’s a bold target, no reach 250 million tonnes by doubt about it, but it can 2025, up 67 per cent or 100 be done and it can be done million tonnes from today. With the world getting responsibly and sustaina b l y,” c o u n c i l c h a i r a n d richer, more consumers will Saskatchewan farmer Terry seek a healthy vegetable oil Youzwa told reporters Jan. 9 in such as canola.The world will Winnipeg while kicking off the also need more protein to council’s new “Keep it Coming feed livestock, creating more demand for canola meal, 2025” promotion. “As a canola grower myself I Youzwa said. “The world is telling am convinced we can achieve Reaching the new target will require yields to increase four per cent a year for the next decade.  photo: canstockphoto.com Canada’s canola industry to 52 bushels an acre.” Yo u z w a s a i d t h e c a n o l a keep it coming.” industry has set and met its yield gains by maximizing previous production targets — ‘Formidable task’ plant establishment, meeting seven million tonnes by 2007 Boosting Canadian canola the full nutritional requireand 15 million by 2015. p r o d u c t i o n t o 2 6 m i l l i o n ments of the crop, improved “Setting targets works,” he tonnes is a “formidable task,” i n t e g r a t e d p e s t m a n a g e said. “Just look at our track and success is not guaranteed, ment and improved harvest record.” said council president Patti management.” Handlers have invested, so should railways In 2013 Canada produced Miller. The goal will be to maximize a record 18 million tonnes of Fifty-two bushels an acre is the production from ever y By Allan Dawson “We need the railroads to show canola from about 20 million a 53 per cent increase from the canola seed planted, he added. co-operator staff us the same level of commitment acres, averaging a record 40 current average, and 12 bushYo u z w a s t re s s e d h i g h e r and we need it now,” he said. bushels an acre. Canola pro- els or 30 per cent higher than canola production will be The goal of almost doubling The canola value chain is workduction has averaged 15 mil- this year’s record. done sustainably. That’s why Canadian canola production to ing hard to handle this year’s lion tonnes over the past three Getting to 50 bushels an acre the emphasis is on boosting 26 million tonnes by 2025 is crop, including a record 18 million years, Youzwa said. by 2015 means Canadian can- yields, not acres. Some agrona “clarion call” for the industry tonnes of canola, Pat Van Osch, a L a s t c r o p y e a r C a n a d a ola yields will have to rise, on omists contend many farmers to gear up, but especially the canola council director and senior exported eight million tonnes average, four per cent (com- are growing canola too often railways, says Manitoba Canola vice-president of quality assurof seed, processed 7.5 mil- pounded) a year. Average can- in their rotations, increasing Growers Association president ance at Richardson International lion tonnes domestically, and ola yields the last 10 years are the risk from diseases, insects Ed Rempel. told reporters. But he is confident exported a lot of the resulting only 16 per cent higher than and weeds. “We’re going to hit those targets the system will gear up to handle oil and meal, he said. Farmers want to leave their the previous 10-year average. eventually... so western Canadian increased canola production as it “The world is demanding Some of the yield increase land in better shape for future economic development just can’t has done before. more healthy canola oil and w i l l c o m e f ro m i m p rove d generations, Youzwa said. stop because we’ve got an indus“I think you’ll see further adjustwe can step up and be part of genetics in new varieties, said Part of the council’s strategy try that says ‘boo hoo, we can’t ment in terms of processing it or step back,” Youzwa said. Neil Arbuckle, a canola council is to differentiate and demonhandle it,’” Rempel said after the capacity,” Van Osch said. “There “We believe we can rise to the director and Monsanto’s west- strate canola’s benefits, said Canola Council of Canada (CCC) is and will continue to be further occasion but we’re going to ern marketing lead for seed council director Neil Sabourin, announced its new production adjustments in the grain-handling have to up our game. That’s and traits. who also works for Cargill. target. “Sorry, that doesn’t cut it system and I believe the grain why we are sending a clear sigThe council will also push “We’re working on hybrids anymore.” transportation system is... going to nal — a clarion call — on what that are more resilient to for freer trade and to reduce Farmers and grain companies start preparing for it.” our intentions are as an indus- weather patterns, resilient to tariff and non-tariff trade barare complaining the railways Rempel said the council’s new try so all the players under- diseases and pests and have riers, said Pat Van Osch, a CCC aren’t moving the 2013 record 26-million-tonne production tarstand that we need to meet high-quality characteristics director and vice-president of crop fast enough to market. get is ambitious, but it should be. global demand.” that are highly sought after in Richardson International. The railways say more grain is “I think it’s doable,” said Key to meeting past targets world markets,” he said. “We believe fundamentally moving than last year. Rempel, who farms at Starbuck. “If has been market demand and But most of the increase will that our product competes According to Rempel farmers you don’t have an ambitious goal the ability for farmers to make come from improved agro- well on a level playing field, and grain companies have investwhy bother at all? a profit growing canola. Both nomics, Youzwa said. so a level playing field is our ed to increase their efficiency, but will be needed to reach the “ We believe by applying goal,” he said. allan@fbcpublishing.com not the railways. new target. the newest around Salford_SFM14-01_08-10.25x3-MC.qxd 12/28/13science 7:58 AM Page 1 The council estimates with agronomics we can achieve allan@fbcpublishing.com

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

OPINION/EDITORIAL

Everybody is responsible

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he livestock industry in the Netherlands has had to make a lot of changes to comply with growing public pressure for more environmentally sustainable and humane practices. But it hasn’t had to do it alone. That fact was inescapable during a recent whirlwind tour of Netherlands livestock operations by a Canadian delegation, courtesy of the Dutch Embassy in Washington, D.C. Laura Rance Public and private researchers, government, Editor retailers and notably — animal welfare groups — have worked with farmers to bring about changes that are more sustainable for producers as well as society. Success has come from recognizing and supporting the need for marketplace incentives. In fact, producer groups have been adamant that they don’t want government subsidies to help them change. “If someone wants extra demands it’s OK, but do it in market concepts,” said Annechien ten Have Mellema, former chair of the country’s pig farmer association. And while the results are impressive, with Dutch regulations arguably the highest in the world, it hasn’t been easy. For example, the pressure from animal welfare groups was intensifying in the early 2000s to either offer pain control to piglets before castration or eliminate the practice altogether. “Our pig farmers are the same as in Canada; there is much resistance to getting rid of castration,” said hog farmer and former industry leader Gerbert Oosterlaken. “In approximately 2001-02, we first discussed not castrating and then everyone exploded (saying) that it couldn’t be done,” he said. The Netherlands agriculture sector, like Canada’s, depends on exports. But unlike Canada, it has a dense population of both people and livestock. Marc Jansen, director of the Dutch Retail Association, which represents all of the major grocery chains in the Netherlands, said his members were pressured by animal welfare advocates on the castration issue, and at first, responded with a program to help pig farmers finance the cost of anesthesia devices at about 1,000 euros per farm. A three-million-euro fund was established but it proved administratively unwieldy. Plus the fact when retailers tried to recoup their costs by upping the price of pork a little, red flags were raised with competition bureau regulators. It became clear the best way to move forward was by eliminating the practice altogether. So, supermarkets have decreed that in 2014 they will move away from buying the meat from castrated pigs. It’s not as though farmers enjoy castrating pigs. The intact males grow faster on less feed and their meat is leaner. The concerns for producers were boar taint reducing meat quality, and maintaining production efficiency while managing intact male pigs. In recent years, slaughterhouses have invested in expertise to detect boar taint on the carcasses and streaming those carcasses into processed meats such as sausage. Hog breeders began researching the genetic equation, selecting for pigs less likely to carry those tendencies. Barn management practices changed. As a result, the number of carcasses pulled out for special processing has dropped to between two and five per cent. Producers are no longer discounted for boar taint. In 2010 only five per cent of producers had moved away from boar castration. In 2013 more than 50 per cent of pigs produced were no longer castrated. Jansen said retailers grew tired of dealing with lobbyists on single issues and decided to work with credible animal welfare organizations, environmental groups and farmers to develop their own sustainable meat initiative. The result is a three-star system for meat, dairy and poultry products, which provides clear minimum standards for production practices. For example, in pork production one star means the pigs are given more space, are not castrated, docked or clipped; they are provided with enrichment such as toys or straw and endure shorter travel times to market. By 2015, the aim is to reduce antibiotic use by 70 per cent relative to 2009 levels. In poultry, the star system will require producers to switch genetics to a slower-growing bird, cut antibiotic use and incorporate lower stocking densities. There are also standards for lower methane, phosphorus and dust emissions. To qualify for a two-star label, the animals must be given access to the outdoors. Three stars are awarded to certified organic production. The three-tiered system gives consumers choices and sets clear parameters for a value chain that compensates farmers for their extra management and facility investments. It has also provided incentives to inventors and researchers to develop new options. The transformation of animal industry in the Netherlands is still a work in progress. But it’s an example Canadian animal industry should explore. laura@fbcpublishing.com

Farm animal welfare trends to watch Meristem Land and Science

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ith livestock welfare gaining more of the spotlight on a range of stages both domestically and internationally, here are a few developments to keep an eye on for 2014.

Delivering assurance

Canada has made a lot of progress on updated Codes of Practice for the Care and Handling of Farm Animals. Now the focus is shifting strongly to assessment models. How do producers and industry provide proof that the codes and/or other animal care standards are being followed? The word “assurance” has become the rallying cry behind this push, which brings a range of key considerations for both producers and industry to grapple with. “If we want to maintain and grow our industry, we need to understand what our customer wants,” says industry leader John Kolk. “We need to make sure we are up to date in meeting expectations in order to be as competitive as we can be. It’s not good enough to say, ‘hey I’m a farmer, trust me.’ Those days are gone. We’re in a new space now. We need to communicate better. We need to listen. We need to provide the assurances the marketplace is asking for.”

Finding ‘win-wins’

Updated standards are one thing, but will producers implement key changes? No doubt the easiest options on are those that not only benefit the animals but also show clear economic advantages. This principle of seeking out “win-win” options will continue to be a major focus at all levels of industry, as well as in the science arena. The dairy industry is one sector that has clearly rallied around this way of thinking. “This is not only what’s right for the animals but it’s important to the success of the farm, because healthy, comfortable cows produce more milk and of

OUR HISTORY:

higher quality,” says Ron Maynard, a P.E.I. dairy farmer and vice-president of Dairy Farmers of Canada.

Retailer/producer co-operation

The pressure to manage farm animal care expectations is also felt strongly on the retail end. Key players such as McDonald’s, Sobeys, Tim Hortons and others are responding to this demand. An encouraging sign for producers are the indications from many of the Canadian players of a willingness to work closely with them to address the range of practical and economic challenges some of the new demands represent. “I’m confident we will be there and we will do the right thing,” says Tim Faveri, director of sustainability and responsibility with Tim Hortons.

Certification programs

The word “certification” is fast becoming a lightning rod as the animal care agenda advances. Does the concept make sense? What options are available? What is the right balance to provide proof of responsible farm animal care practices while also being workable for producers? Canadian producers can expect to hear more about specific programs in Canada and around the world. “How do we engage farmers and get them to want to do this?” says Adele Douglas, executive director of Certified Humane, a third-party certification program which recently partnered with Sobeys and key suppliers as part of a “Fresh Foods Initiative” campaign featuring celebrity chef Jamie Oliver. “This question has been an important driver of the approach we have taken working with our partners. Any successful program needs to work well for farmers and be seen as something that benefits their operations.” From NewStream, a farm animal care news service published by Meristem Land and Science www. meristem.com.

January 1969

The price of $13,500 for a three-bedroom home advertised in our January 23, 1969 issue is a bit of an eye-catcher, but the Bank of Canada’s inflation calculator says that equals almost $83,500 today. As it has been many times since and as it is today, grain movement delays were front-page news. Demurrage charges for vessels waiting since December were reported to have reached $1.6 million, and the backlog was anticipated to last until March. Also in the “nothing is ever new” department, we reported and commented on Pitic 62, a new variety of feed wheat, and whether its economics compared to milling varieties. Our front page also reported the registration of Hercules durum, said to be a week earlier and nine inches shorter than Stewart 63, making it more suitable for Manitoba’s black soil zone. We also reported on a Winnipeg Tribune column in which the potential closure of the Swift’s meat-packing plant in Winnipeg was blamed on “the lack of initiative by farmers in this province.” Packing industry officials reportedly blamed “tradition-bound farmers, too many of whom are continuing to grow grain for a surfeited grain market when they could be capitalizing on the intensified public demand for more meat.” Canada Packers manager J.R. Wright called for a doubling of meat production in Manitoba. “There is an especially good opportunity in hog raising as I don’t know anyone who has lost money in hogs,” he said.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Full and open scientific debate needed on neonicotinoids Beekeeper questions CropLife speaker’s conclusion on the effects of the insecticide on bees By Terry Fehr president, meadowlark honey ltd., gladstone

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want to thank the Co-operator for “Neonicotinoids unfairly targeted,” (Dec. 19) reporting on the presentation by Helen Thompson at the recent CropLife conference in Calgary. If honey producers and pollination specialists were not clear as to the lobby of misinformation they face from the agricultural chemical industry about neonicotinoids, they most certainly will be now. Thompson, a noted British scientist, recently announced she will now be working for Syngenta after leading research work for Food and Environment Research Agency (FERA) in Great Britain. While with FERA she authored papers for the chemical industry then went on to do research for FERA authorities that helped to discredit the documented effects of neonicotinoids on bumblebees. Enough of the credibility (or lack thereof ) of the speaker and more to the science CropLife is anxious to bring forward. In 2007 American beekeeper David Hackenberg found many of his several thousand hives dead or nearly so. The hives in question exhibited an unusual set of symptoms which had not been observed before. He blamed neonicotinoids, a relatively new class of insecticide. Research has taken several years to catch up to his initial diagnosis, which is now believed to be correct. Fast-forward to 2012 and Canadian beekeepers this time finding large numbers of hives affected by what appeared to be insecticide poisonings. In fact there were 250 incidents (yard locations) believed to be related to poisoning reported to the Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) in Ontario and Quebec in 2012. The spring of 2012 was highly unusual in that temperatures were warm much earlier. This anomaly was credited with having more bee activity while corn was being planted, contributing to bee poisonings. It was believed that toxic dust from corn seed poisoned the bees in Central Canada that spring. If the high spring temperatures were partly to blame for the poisonings, then surely the cold spring of 2013 would see few bees die of insecticide exposure. Actually there were 333 hive locations reported as having poisonings through Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba during 2013. The reports this past summer were different than before. Not only were there dead bees but colonies were reported to recover slowly or not at all due to lingering effects. The large majority of the reports had neonicotinoids found in the sample of dead bees. This insecticide has also been found in pollen taken from the brood nest which is used by nurse bees to feed their young. These symptoms appear to point to two modes of action in affecting our environment. Firstly the immediate toxicity of wayward dust during

If honey producers and pollination specialists were not clear as to the lobby of misinformation they face from the agricultural chemical industry about neonicotinoids, they most certainly will be now.

spring seeding operations. Secondly and less well understood (but ultimately more important), the cumulative effect of several years of residue building in our soils that is transmitted to groundwater, nectar and pollen, all of which our bees consume not to mention birds, butterflies and us. Thompson suggested that the class of chemicals collectively known as neonicotinoids is not to blame for bee deaths, despite the documentation that is piling up at PMRA and with researchers worldwide. She suggested varroa and inexperienced beekeepers are to shoulder much of the blame. Thompson really should stick to what she claims to be an expert in, as many of the poisoning reports have been made by beekeepers with decades of experience and own businesses that are into their second or third generation of the family running those businesses. These people without a doubt know their bees. Secondly, she suggests varroa is to blame as the mite also spreads virus and she mentions specifically deformed wing virus. We have plenty of data to show that deformed wing virus is prevalent in direct correlation to number of varroa in the hive. Control the mites and the virus is controlled. In 99 per cent of the incidents reported to PMRA there was not a hive health issue present. In other words, varroa was under control. Thompson also blamed bee losses on the cold, wet weather. Ironically our first widespread reports of recent poisonings were in the warmest spring in recent history, 2012. Bees and beekeepers have been adapting to the environment for centuries and will continue to do so. Weather is not responsible for a massive sudden dieoff of bees. How ridiculous! There is plenty of data being accumulated each season on the adverse effects of neonicotinoids on our environment, so much that the European Union has suspended use of the chemical for two years. There are calls in Canada for the use of all neonicotinoids to be suspended until the full effects of their use are known. A full and open debate after unbiased research is what the agricultural industry needs to move forward. It seems CropLife and Dr. Thompson are not interested in either as they ramp up the rhetoric much as the tobacco industry did when it was suggested tobacco may cause cancer.

Letters

COMMENT/FEEDBACK We welcome readers’ comments on issues that have been covered in the Manitoba Co-operator. In most cases we cannot accept “open” letters or copies of letters which have been sent to several publications. Letters are subject to editing for length or taste. We suggest a maximum of about 300 words. Please forward letters to Manitoba Co-operator, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, R3H 0H1 or Fax: 204-954-1422 or email: news@fbcpublishing.com (subject: To the editor)

Former CFIA head questioned I just read the article on the GrowCanada biotech conference in Calgary and the statements made by former Canadian Food Inspection Agency president Ron Doering. (“Consumers not stupid, just scientifically illiterate: Doering,” Jan. 2.) With his radical stance that champions chemical agriculture while denigrating organic options, how can Canadians trust the decisions that were made by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency while under his leadership? Were the hundreds of chemicals approved for use on food and land really subject to thorough and objective scientific research? The health of Canadians, and the health of the land we live on and farm

is far too important to allow a clearly biased radical to hold such a position of influence. Citizens should demand a full inquiry into the doings and decisions of the CFIA. Liz Clayton Notre Dame de Lourdes, Man.

Resistance now a reality Those who raise concerns about glyphosate-resistant weeds (“Glyphosate-resistant weeds a real and present danger,” Jan. 2) must be mistaken. I distinctly remember Monsanto officials, during the Roundup Ready wheat controversy, assuring the agriculture industry that glyphosate resistance would not occur. Bill Toews Kane, Man.

Sustainable agriculture needs public connection The NCLE facility near Glenlea is hosting thousands of visitors every year National Centre for Livestock and the Environment

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hen it comes to sustainable agriculture, we generally think in terms of meeting the food, fuel and fibre needs of our growing global population now and for future generations. To do so we have to protect the resources we rely on — our land, water and air. At the same time, agriculture needs to be profitable, and the food grown and processed in a manner acceptable to society. This means that for agriculture systems to be sustainable, economics, society and the environment must all be considered. Societal values are the opinions and perceptions that influence consumer choices, but also include the values important to individual farmers and rural communities where our food is grown. Economic factors range from being able to make a living farming to increasing agriculture’s contribution to economic growth in our country. Environmental considerations are not only the environmental costs of farming, but also the ecological and environmental benefits of many agricultural practices. There are many ways to grow food sustainably and our ability to do so continues to improve through gains in science-based knowledge and increased awareness. Our activities through the National Centre for Livestock and the Environment (NCLE) centre around improving the sustainability of agriculture systems on these three fronts. On the social side, the Bruce D. Campbell Farm & Food Discovery Centre (FFDC), located at NCLE, connects a wide variety of audiences to sustainable agriculture in Manitoba. Never before has this need been more critical as the gap between those who grow food and those who consume it continues to widen.

The Discovery Centre is over 8,200 square feet of hands-on interactive exhibits. Here visitors explore crop and livestock production, food safety and healthfulness, and the importance of agriculture to the Canadian economy on their journey from the farm to our kitchen tables and around the world. The FFDC is designed to provide a unique experience for all ages and types of visitors regardless of their agriculture knowledge. “We consulted widely and at length with educators, exhibit design specialists, communication experts, and both the crop and livestock sectors when we were developing the displays,” explains Kim Ominski, forage‐beef production systems professor who worked on the centre planning committee. “We want to engage all visitors, whether a young family, a school group or a member of the agriculture community.” “Most of our traffic is school groups coming for tours and workshops designed to fit with the provincial curriculum,” says Guy Robbins, FFDC manager. “Our biggest student event is the Amazing Agriculture Adventure where over 1,000 Grade 4 and 5 students learn about growing crops and raising livestock over a three-day period every fall.” Thought-provoking, targeted programming attracts high-calibre students to the FFDC. Recently NCLE hosted high school science students from Winnipeg, Australia, Japan and the U.K. during Bio‐Innovation Week. “We want to get them thinking about where their food comes from as well as the important role of science in sustainable agriculture,” says Martin Scanlon, NCLE chair. “For example, how nutrients flow from the soil, to plants, to animals, to us, and back to the land and how the agriculture sector is working to make this more efficient.” Excerpted from the NCLE newsletter, www.ncle.ca


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

FROM PAGE ONE DUTCH FARM Continued from page 1

themselves a hot beverage from a push-button dispenser in the viewing room, and watch what goes on through windows overlooking the farrowing and sow barns. The production facility was built with steeped pitched roofs to match the architecture of the area, and equipped with ammonia scrubbers that work so efficiently that it’s hard to tell from the outside that you’re standing beside a pig barn. Plans are also in place for a biking and hiking trail around the property. While European law now requires Oosterlaken to implement group housing for his sows within 28 days of breeding, Netherlands law moves that up to after four days. And he didn’t stop there. He has also eliminated farrowing crates, opting instead for a roomy farrowing pen that provides the sow with freedom of movement and her piglets access to a separate warming area through piglet-sized doors. SEC_CAR11_T_MC.qxd 8/26/11 And he no longer castrates the boars produced on his farm,

Sows are grouped by parity, body condition and feeding requirements. 

Gerbert Oosterlaken describes his farrowing-rearing system.

Photos: Laura Rance

a decision that puts him years ahead of the 2018 target for phasing out the practice in the Netherlands.

Licence to produce

Oosterlaken, 54, is among a growing number of livestock producers in the Netherlands who recognize that while productivity and profits are key to their business success, it will be public 4:23 PM Page 1 opinion that determines whether they are in business at all.

“That’s my licence to produce in the future,” he said. “If they are standing here and blocking my gates because they don’t agree with the way I produce, then we have a problem. “We can tell them that we have the right to do it, but when you’re held back every day, then you can’t produce properly.” He happily reported that animal welfare organizations have visited his property and liked what they saw. That opens the

door to the next phase of his business plan. “They are standing at our back and they look the same way we are and I am pleased with that. That’s why I am confident that I can get a new market system that will finally sell my pigs for a better price,” he said. The costs of appeasing animal welfare advocates have been high. He spent about 2,800 euros (C$4,130) per sow to build his barn compared to the industry average of 2,000 to 2,200 euros, mainly because of increased space per hog.

Less stress

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But there are also rewards. The new farrowing-rearing system creates a healthier and less stressful environment for the piglets, that remain with the sow for 25 days instead of the usual 20. They learn to eat from their mother, who is fed on the floor and shares her food with her offspring from the time they are about five days old. Oosterlaken said when he first implemented the system there were naysayers who said piglets couldn’t eat what sows eat. He said they can, and they do. He said it is also common to see the sows allowing their piglets to eat first before they clean up what’s left of their ration. “It’s beautiful to see,” he said. At w e a n i n g , t h e s ow i s removed from the pen. The weanlings remain there with their littermates until they are 25 kg. Because they are already eating, they move directly on to grower rations, eliminating the more expensive starter feeds. That step alone saves about one euro (C$1.36) per weanling in feed costs, he said. Leaving the litter intact in a familiar environment also reduces stress, which means less chance for illness or injury from fighting. The only stress they face is losing their mother. “The only thing they can think about after they are weaned is they cry for the first two days; they want their mother back. That’s all. They know what their pen looks like, they know where to take in feed and they are drinking water,” he said. Oosterlaken credits the system with reducing weanling death losses from four per cent to one per cent in his operation.

Starving disease

He farrows on four-week cycles, believing that diseases most apt to strike piglets in their first week of life are starved for new vectors for three weeks of every farrowing cycle.

His sows are housed according to their first, second and third parities and then divided into smaller groups according to their body condition and feed requirements. He said ending boar castration on his farm was as much about production efficiency as it was to appease animal welfare groups. “For me there was no discussion, whether we would not or would castrate, because I wanted to stop castration,” he said. For starters, doing the job was one of the least favourite activities. “Second the pigs are suffering from castration. And third, for me as a farmer, we cut off the best part of the pig because boars are efficient with feed; they grow better than gilts, so for me as a farmer, producing boars is only better.” His barn is divided into four colour-coded sections; he changes boots when moving from one section to the other. Visitors from the outside are restricted and must shower in and out. Oosterlaken said by focusing on animal health and reducing herd stress, the combination of management changes has reduced his use of therapeutic antibiotics to 10 per cent of what he used before. But having happy hogs and improved production efficiency is only part of the payoff from the changes he’s made. “Part of it I get back from animals that produce better and part of it I have to get back by getting my meat sold for a better price,” he said. “That’s my goal in the next two years — all the pigs that are born on my farm have to be in a new marketing system,” he said. That just may happen thanks to an initiative by the country’s major animal welfare organizations, which have worked with grocery retailers to develop a three-star system for meat products produced according to humane and environmental standards. But per haps the biggest reward is reading the guest book comments left behind by his neighbours, who bring their grandchildren to the viewing room to see how pork is raised. “That gives me a good feeling. I think in Holland some pig farmers don’t want it known in the city that they are pig farming because they’re actually a little ashamed,” he said. “I am happy and I am proud to be a pig farmer.” laura@fbcpublishing.com


7

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Organic pesticide reports to boost local purchases Canadian growers produce in a cleaner environment and to a higher standard, says Manitoba Organic Alliance president By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF

R

ecent reports of pesticides found on organic produce will prompt buyers of organic food to pay more attention to its source, says the head of Manitoba Organic Alliance (MOA). “I don’t see this as turning anyone off organics. I see this as a benefit to organics and to the buy-local movement,” said Kate Storey, a Grandviewarea organic grower. Sh e w a s re s p o n d i n g t o a C B C report last week citing Canadian Food Inspection Agency findings that show nearly half of organic fresh fruit and vegetables sold in Canada and tested over the past two years contained pesticide residues. The report said most of the fresh produce sampled was

Laird lentil selected as Seed of the Year West

imported, with only one-fifth grown in Canada. Of the domestic samples about 43 per cent tested positive for at least one pesticide — just slightly lower than imported samples (46 per cent). The CFIA told CBC none of the test results posed a health risk and the agency did not prevent any of the food from being sold as organic. Storey said this raises the issue of how standards for organic production around the world differ — and that organic consumers need to know there are different standards worldwide. Ideally, there would be one worldwide standard for organic production but there is not, she said. “A lot of the fruit and vegetables being sold here are coming from fairly polluted countries like China and Mexico,” she said, adding that Canadian producers not only grow in

a cleaner environment but produce to a Canadian standard that’s also higher than standards for production elsewhere. “It comes down to whether you trust the testing and standard of the country (of product origin),” she said. Storey said any c o n s u m e r w h o doesn’t know what they’re getting should start to source organic food as close to home as possible. “Local can mean Canada, or Manitoba,” she said, adding that Manitoba is a leader in putting safeguards in place when its own Organic Agr icultural Products Act (OAPA) became law in 2013. That made it the first province in the country to pass a provincial organic law that mirrors the federal Organic Products Regulations (OPR) which came into effect in June 2009. It means Manitoba uses the same

lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

Stay ahead of the Competition SAMPSA R2

Staff

L

a i rd g re e n l e n t i l h a s been selected as the 2013-14 Seed of the Year West, a program which recognizes publicly developed varieties that have made a significant contribution to the economy, agriculture, and the Canadian public. The Laird green lentil was developed by A l f re d E . Sl i n k a rd o f t h e Crop Development Centre (CDC) at the University of Saskatchewan. Laird was the first lentil variety to be licensed in Canada. A number of pulse growers are still growing Laird today, 35 years after being released. All subsequent large green lentil varieties developed in Canada h a v e L a i rd l e n t i l i n t h e i r ancestry. Part of the western award is a $4,000 scholarship, awarded to a student enrolled in a we s t e r n Ca n a d i an university and currently completing a master’s degree or PhD in plant breeding or genetics. Gurcharn Singh Brar was selected as this year’s winner. Brar is in his second year of graduate studies at University of Saskatchewan. He is researching wheat stripe rust in Western Canada. The Seed of the Year award was presented to Slinkard at the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers annual meeting Jan. 13. Sponsors of the program a re A g r i c u l t u re a n d A g r i Food Canada, Alberta Barley Commission, Canterra Seeds, Cargill, Canadian Seed Growers Association, FP Genetics, Viterra, Richardson In t e r n a t i o n a l , Se Ca n , a n d We s t e r n G r a i n s R e s e a r c h Foundation.

standard as the OAPA and relies on the same system of federally accredited certification bodies to ensure that organic operators comply with organic standards. No product can be sold labelled organic unless it comes from a certified grower or processor that is annually audited. Like the federal system, enforcement in Manitoba is complaint based. The reports raising questions about pesticides on organic food should make buyers more informed about the work done in Canada to raise the bar for production, Storey said. “I think this is going to make the organic consumer be checking labels and asking questions and turning to locally grown organic food.”

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2013-10-11 4:43 PM


8

Trim: 10.25”

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Trim: 15.5”

TOUGH WEEDS, MEET EXPRESS . ®

Crank up the rate all you want, glyphosate alone still misses a number of hard-to-kill weeds like narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard, flixweed, stinkweed, dandelion and volunteer canola. With hotter-than-hot systemic activity, DuPont™ Express® herbicides don’t just control weeds, they smoke them from the inside out, getting right to the root of your toughest weed challenges with performance that glyphosate alone can’t match. It’s no wonder Express® goes down with glyphosate more than any other brand in Western Canada! Visit expressvideo.dupont.ca to see Express® in action – torching tough weeds like dandelion and volunteer canola right down to the roots, so they can’t grow back.

Express® brand herbicides. This is going to be hot. Questions? Ask your retailer, call 1-800-667-3925 or visit express.dupont.ca

As with all crop protection products, read and follow label instructions carefully. The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont™, The miracles of science™ and Express® are registered trademarks or trademarks of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. E. I. du Pont Canada Company is a licensee. All other products mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies. Member of CropLife Canada. ©Copyright 2014 E. I. du Pont Canada Company. All rights reserved.

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9

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014 Trim: 10.25”

Advertisement

MULTIPLE MODES OF ACTION TAKE GLYPHOSATE TO THE NEXT LEVEL How to manage the threat of weed resistance before it manages you.

P

rairie farmers depend on glyphosate for agronomic practices such as pre-seed, chemfallow and post-harvest herbicide applications. Recent years, however, have seen an increase in documented cases of weed resistance, with glyphosate a key concern. What can growers do?

EFFECTIVE NON-CROP USE OF GROUP 2 HERBICIDES

UNDERSTAND WHY RESISTANCE OCCURS

For pre-seed weed control, DuPont scientists recommend a pre-seed burn-off treatment of Express® (Group 2) or PrecisionPac® NC-00439 or NC-0050 (Group 2) with glyphosate (Group 9). This is particularly effective if the crop rotation includes a crop such as Roundup Ready® canola and weeds that are not effectively controlled by glyphosate alone.

Weeds become resistant when they’ve had too much of a good thing. Practices that work well one year become less effective over time, if there’s no break in routine. For example, glyphosate alone will not control glyphosate-resistant kochia and may increase the risk of glyphosate resistance occurring in other weed species. Faced with Roundup Ready® volunteers and hard-to-kill weeds not controlled by glyphosate alone, growers have found that adding in DuPont™ Express® brand herbicides helps control these weeds and manage the threat of resistance.

Group 2 herbicides are a highly effective tool to control weeds. Like other herbicide groups, they should be mixed with herbicides from other groups in the same spray to manage resistance.

Because Group 2 and Group 9 herbicides have activity on many of the same weeds, growers get multiple modes of action working for them. In certain situations, adding a third mode of action such as dicamba, 2,4-D or MCPA (Group 4) may be advisable when there are weeds resistant to multiple groups. Express® brand herbicides significantly improve control of tough weeds such as narrow-leaved hawk’s-beard, flixweed, stinkweed, dandelion and volunteer canola, compared to glyphosate alone. This approach also helps proactively manage weed resistance.

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DuPont Crop Protection is working with growers and retailers to protect the use of all the best crop protection tools available. As growers seek ways to manage weed resistance while maintaining profitable crop protection, DuPont is with you all the way.

Trim: 15.5”

For pre-seed weed control, DuPont scientists recommend a pre-seed burn-off treatment of Express® (Group 2) or PrecisionPac® NC-00439 or NC-0050 (Group 2) with glyphosate (Group 9). This is particularly effective if the crop rotation includes a crop such as Roundup Ready® canola.

MANAGE RESISTANCE ON YOUR FARM Crop rotation and complementary weed control

A field should have a rotation of at least three crop types. Consider also weed control methods such as higher seeding rates, planting clean seed, mowing out suspected resistant weed patches before they go to seed and using herbicides according to label directions.

Multiple modes of action

Herbicides are categorized into 17 groups, based on how they target a weed. For example, Sulfonylurea (Group 2) herbicides control weeds by inhibiting an enzyme essential to their growth. “If at all possible, producers should use mixtures of herbicides that use multiple modes of action in the seeding year,” says Ken Sapsford, University of Saskatchewan. “It’s one further step to help stop resistance from developing.”

Untreated Check

Glyphosate plus Heat®

Glyphosate plus Express® SG

Source: Controlled growth room environment, 29 days after application, Dr. François Tardif, Peter Smith, University of Guelph, Plant Agriculture Department, January 2013.

To see Express® brand herbicides in action, please visit expressvideo.dupont.ca Questions? Ask your retailer, call 1-800-667-3925 or visit express.dupont.ca The DuPont Oval Logo, DuPont™, The miracles of science™, Express® and PrecisionPac® are registered trademarks or trademarks of E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. E. I. du Pont Canada Company is a licensee. All other products mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies. Member of CropLife Canada. ©Copyright 2014 E. I. du Pont Canada Company. All rights reserved.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

LIVESTOCK MARKETS Cattle Prices Winnipeg

December 27, 2013

Interest from U.S. buyers rising on lower loonie

Steers & Heifers — D1, 2 Cows First Sale D3 Cows January 10 Bulls — Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) — (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) First (401-500 lbs.) Sale is Heifers (901+ lbs.) January 10 (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) — (401-500 lbs.) —

Heifers

Alberta South $ 133.00 - 134.50­ — 70.00 - 85.00 65.00 - 76.00 — $ 133.00 - 150.00 138.00 - 156.00 148.00 - 168.00 150.00 - 174.00 158.00 - 185.00 170.00 - 190.00 $ 122.00 - 137.00 128.00 - 142.00 135.00 - 145.00 135.00 - 153.00 140.00 - 161.00 150.00 - 166.00

($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)

(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)

Futures (January 10, 2014) in U.S. Fed Cattle Close Change February 2014 136.55 0.93 April 2014 136.87 1.07 June 2014 130.12 0.45 August 2014 128.22 0.20 October 2014 132.00 0.83 December 2014 132.60 1.05

Feeder Cattle January 2014 March 2014 April 2014 May 2014 August 2014 September 2014

Cattle Slaughter Canada East West Manitoba U.S.

Week Ending January 4, 2014 37,137 9,015 28,122 NA 521,000

Frigid conditions put a lid on volumes at auctions

Ontario $ 127.96 - 146.64 121.15 - 137.31 63.43 - 90.13 63.43 - 90.13 81.53 - 102.65 $ 148.20 - 168.92 149.50 - 155.96 127.49 - 166.50 143.75 - 177.63 143.38 - 188.57 162.03 - 191.11 $ 121.90 - 136.40 112.64 - 126.75 126.04 - 142.36 126.13 - 147.53 132.99 - 158.91 137.04 - 166.24

Close 169.15 168.82 169.62 169.92 171.27 170.40

Change 2.15 1.82 3.40 0.97 0.70 0.70

Cattle Grades (Canada) Previous Year­ 37,528 8,710 28,818 NA 519,000

Week Ending January 4, 2014 443 16,548 10,293 343 375 8,861 40

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 365 15,821 11,584 386 295 8,489 4

Source: Manitoba Agriculture

(Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg) Current Week 167.00 E 155.00 E 156.92 157.83

Last Week 163.33 152.58 153.54 155.51

Last Year (Index 100) 161.25 149.98 150.15 153.83

Futures (January 10, 2014) in U.S. Hogs February 2014 April 2014 May 2014 June 2014 July 2014

Close 85.25 90.72 98.47 100.60 99.45

Change -1.82 -1.08 -0.53 -0.47 -0.20

Other Market Prices Sheep and Lambs $/cwt Ewes Choice Lambs (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)

Winnipeg (105 head) (wooled fats) 70.00 - 90.00 — 160.00 - 170.00 160.00 - 170.00 160.00 - 170.00 —

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of May 23, 2010 Under 1.2 kg................................... $1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg.................................... $1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg.................................... $1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg...................................... $1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of January 12, 2014 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.900 Undergrade .............................. $1.810 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.885 Undergrade .............................. $1.785 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.885 Undergrade .............................. $1.785 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................... $1.790 Undergrade............................... $1.705 Prices are quoted f.o.b. farm.

Toronto 81.90 - 112.65 174.70 - 192.37 191.91 - 208.32 187.74 - 206.55 176.58 - 259.15 —

SunGold Specialty Meats 25.00

Goats

<1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

robin hill

Auction yards reopening this week Ashern

Jan. 15

Gladstone

Jan. 14

Killarney

Jan. 13

Ste. Rose

Jan. 16

it was all over the board. It looked like the light cattle were definitely higher, while for the handful of heavier calves we had, they didn’t seem to change.” After looking at prices farther west, Hill said the market is in superb shape. A large part of the strong prices out west has been the extremely cheap feed grain prices compared to early 2013. According to ICE Futures Canada’s daily cash price report, Lethbridge barley and feed wheat were both valued at C$155 per tonne as of Jan. 10, compared to the roughly $300-pertonne-range highs they were priced in during late spring and early summer. “I’m watching sales out west yesterday, and the market’s come out phenomenal,” Hill said. “I watched some 800- to 900-pound steers in Alberta bring in C$150.” Brandon Logan writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

briefs

Supply squeeze pushes U.S. beef price to new high The price of choice-grade U.S. beef at wholesale set a new record on July 9 as already tight supplies were further squeezed by harsh weather that reduced the number of cattle that came to market in parts of the country, analysts said. Select beef cuts also marked a fresh record high for a fifth straight day. The day’s wholesale price, or cut-out, for choice beef hit

$212.05 per hundredweight (cwt), eclipsing the previous May 2013 record of $211.37, a c c o rd i n g t o t h e U . S . Department of Agriculture. USDA pegged prices for select wholesale beef at $209.05 per cwt, almost $2 higher than the previous day’s record. “Tight beef supplies is the underlying principal factor,” said University of Missouri livestock economist Ron Plain. Packers hiked the price of beef it sells to grocers and restaurateurs after the previous week paying up to $138 per cwt for slaughter-ready cattle in the U.S. Plains — also a record high, he said.

The U.S. herd at a 61-year low after years of drought forced processors to spend more for supplies. Additionally, ice and snowpacked roads snarled transportation of cattle to packing plants. Accompanying temperatures at historic lows slowed down cattle weight gains, making them less available to major meat processors. “The weights have been c o m i n g d ow n a n d w e started placing fewer cattle in feedlots last summer, so eventually we had to tighten supplies up,” said Steve Meyer, president of Iowa-based Paragon Economics.

Toronto ($/cwt) 86.18 - 270.52 — 146.57 - 224.74

Horses Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —

I

t was quiet in Manitoba’s cattle yards during the week ended Jan. 10, as only four auctions were held and extremely cold conditions kept volume relatively low, postholiday break. “The volume was small due to -34 weather,” said Robin Hill of Heartland Livestock Service at Virden, adding he expects about 1,200 cattle on Jan. 15, which would be the norm for this time of the year. “Normally we would have had probably a 400-head sale to start off the new year. However, we’re going to have a real good run of cattle here next week if the weather stays -15 to -18 C at night, -5 to -10 C in the day, and we have no snowstorms.” Cow and bull prices were stronger than those seen in December, he added, as an extremely weak Canadian dollar led to increased interest from U.S. buyers. “The U.S. demand has put great numbers on the feeder cattle here already too,” he said, noting it will benefit Canadian producers due to more competition between buyers. “It’s going to make for great competition to own some cattle. It’s going to be very hard on our Canadian feedlots, packers and order buyers, but saying that, it’s going to be a great benefit for my producers.” The loonie opened the week valued at US93.99 cents, before falling to 91.73 at the close on Friday amid extremely disappointing Canada jobs data. As for pricing, it was a strong week for producers, Hill said. “The butcher trade has come out $2 to $3 higher than December,” he said. “We had those good smooth cows/age-verified cows going for C$71 to $77 here on Wednesday. The feeder trade only had 40 feeders, so I mean

Reuters

Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective June 12, 2011. New Previous A Extra Large $1.8500 $1.8200 A Large 1.8500 1.8200 A Medium 1.6700 1.6400 A Small 1.2500 1.2200 A Pee Wee 0.3675 0.3675 Nest Run 24 + 1.7490 1.7210 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Kids Billys Mature

“I’m watching sales out west yesterday, and the market’s come out phenomenal.”

By Theopolis Waters

Eggs

Winnipeg (head) (Fats) — — —

CNSC

Brandon Logan

Hog Prices E - Estimation MB. ($/hog) MB. (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB. (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) P.Q. (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

$1 Cdn: $ .9160 U.S. $1 U.S: $1.0917 Cdn.

COLUMN

(Friday to Thursday) Slaughter Cattle

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: January 10, 2014

Toronto ($/cwt) 2.90 - 2.90 18.56 - 32.56

Looking for results?  Check out the market reports from livestock auctions around the province. » PaGe 46


11

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

GRAIN MARKETS

Numbers below are reprinted from January 2 issue.

Export and International Prices

column

Lower loonie keeps support under canola on downtrend USDA’s ending stocks estimates are bearish for wheat Terryn Shiells CNSC

I

CE Futures Canada canola futures continued their recent downward trend during the week ended Jan. 10, holding just above record lows in the nearby contracts. The burdensome supply situation continued to overhang the canola market during the week, as did the technical bias that remains pointed lower. Canadian farmers produced a record-large 18 million tonnes of canola this year, and the industry only expects supplies to continue growing in the years to come. The Canola Council of Canada (CCC) held a press conference in Winnipeg on Jan. 9 to announce its new target to grow 26 million tonnes of canola in Canada by 2025. This comes after the council’s goal of 15 million tonnes by 2015 was surpassed this year. The council said it hopes to reach that goal by achieving an average yield of 52 bushels per acre by 2025. This year, the Canadian average yield for canola was 40 bushels per acre, Statistics Canada data shows. That raises many questions, such as where are the acres going to come out of to grow that much canola, is there enough global demand for it, and how is Canada’s logistical system going to be able to handle such a large crop? Canada’s grain-handling system is already having trouble moving canola and the other large crops that were grown this year, which is suppressing prices. What will it be like when 26 million tonnes of canola are grown? I guess we’ll find out in 2025. But it wasn’t all bad for canola futures during the week, as the sharp downswing in the value of the Canadian dollar helped to keep a firm floor under the market. The dollar lost more than 2-1/2 cents during the week, which helped to uncover some buying interest from crushers and exporters. The market also received some spillover support from the gains seen in Chicago soybeans. The long-term trend remains bearish for canola, though, as competing vegetable oil prices, including Chicago soyoil, show signs of weakness. Prices may move down to the C$350- to $400-per-tonne range by spring, which wouldn’t be too shocking to the trade, as it wasn’t that long ago that $450 per tonne was the top of the market. Soybean prices were a mixed bag during the week, with nearby contracts posting gains, and deferred contracts moving lower. Continued strong export demand and worries about tight nearby domestic supplies, as confirmed in the Jan. 10 report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, helped to lift the

Last Week

All prices close of business December 20, 2013

Week Ago

Year Ago

Chicago wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

224.41

228.73

296.03

Minneapolis wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

237.46

239.66

329.01

Coarse Grains Chicago corn (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

169.48

168.59

276.77

Chicago oats (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

225.81

250.61

243.32

Chicago soybeans (nearby future) ($US/tonne)

487.59

486.40

527.95

Chicago soyoil ($US/tonne)

867.23

877.59

1,067.44

oilseeds

For three-times-daily market reports from Commodity News Service Canada, visit “Today in Markets” at www.manitobacooperator.ca.

Winnipeg Futures ICE Futures Canada prices at close of business December 27, 2013 barley

March and May 2014 contracts. USDA reported 2013-14 ending stocks of soybeans in the U.S. are expected to be 150 million bushels — unchanged from the December report, but below average expectations of 151 million bushels. World ending stocks for the year are expected to rise to 72.33 million tonnes, up 1.71 million tonnes from the previous report, due to larger global production. Those expectations, combined with good weather for an expected record-large South American soybean crop, put downward pressure on the deferred Chicago soybean contracts.

Wheat estimates bearish

USDA’s report was also bearish for Chicago, Kansas City and Minneapolis wheat futures, as the government agency pegged U.S. and global ending stocks above expectations. U.S. ending stocks were upped to 608 million bushels by USDA from 575 million bushels in the December report, topping the high end of expectations. The increased ending stocks were due to reduced feed and residual usage. USDA increased global ending stocks of wheat to 185.4 million tonnes, from 182.78 in December. USDA did, however, provide some good news for the corn futures market in Chicago when it unexpectedly lowered its U.S. production estimate for 2013. Prices skyrocketed, gaining US15 to 20 cents per bushel in some contracts after the report, which helped prices end higher on the week. USDA pegged domestic corn production for 2013-14 at 13.925 billion bushels, down from the December estimate of 13.989 billion due to a slightly lower average yield. The trade was expecting the government agency to increase production to more than 14 billion bushels. Lower U.S. and global ending stocks also helped to lift the corn market, with USDA pegging domestic ending stocks for 2013-14 at 1.631 billion bushels, down from 1.792 billion, due to increased feed and ethanol demand. Global ending stocks were down 2.23 million tonnes, to 160.23 million.

Last Week

Week Ago

March 2014

146.00

157.00

May 2014

148.00

158.00

July 2014

148.00

Canola

Last Week

Week Ago

January 2014

427.60

439.90

March 2014

437.90

450.30

May 2014

446.70

459.00

Special Crops Report for December 30, 2013 — Bin run delivered plant Saskatchewan Spot Market

Spot Market

Lentils (Cdn. cents per pound)

Other (Cdn. cents per pound unless otherwise specified)

Large Green 15/64

22.00 - 23.00

Canaryseed

Laird No. 1

19.50 - 22.00

Oil Sunflower Seed

Eston No. 2

15.00 - 17.75

Desi Chickpeas

21.75 - 23.50 — 20.90 - 22.00

Field Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

Beans (Cdn. cents per pound)

Green No. 1

9.80 - 12.50

Fababeans, large

Medium Yellow No. 1

5.65 - 6.75

Feed beans

Feed Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

No. 1 Navy/Pea Beans

44.00 - 44.00

Feed Pea (Rail)

No. 1 Great Northern

60.00 - 60.00

Mustardseed (Cdn. cents per pound)

No. 1 Cranberry Beans

64.00 - 64.00

Yellow No. 1

35.75 - 37.75

No. 1 Light Red Kidney

55.00 - 55.00

Brown No. 1

34.00 - 35.75

No. 1 Dark Red Kidney

60.00 - 60.00

Oriental No. 1

27.30 - 28.75

No. 1 Black Beans

38.00 - 38.00

No. 1 Pinto Beans

35.00 - 36.00

5.00 - 5.50

No. 1 Small Red Source: Stat Publishing

No. 1 Pink

SUNFLOWERS

— 40.00 - 40.00

Fargo, ND

Goodlands, KS

19.65

18.65

32.00* Call for details

Report for December 27, 2013 in US$ cwt NuSun (oilseed) Confection Source: National Sunflower Association

Terryn Shiells writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and

Rains boost Argentina soy; too late for corn Dryness also took a toll on wheat, which is now harvested By Hugh Bronstein buenos aires / reuters

A

rgentina’s dry, hot December, which caused damage to the country’s budding 2013-14 corn crop, has given way to a wet January and forecasts of a wet February that should ensure a healthy soy harvest, experts said Jan. 9. Weeks of drought-like December weather took an irreversible toll on corn,

while 2013-14 soy, which is planted later, escaped extreme damage. “In January we’ve had good rains, and the forecasts indicate it will keep raining for the rest of the month and in February,” said Eduardo Sierra, climate consultant to the Buenos Aires Grains Exchange. Temperatures last week were also falling around the Pampas Grains Belt, giving crops a break from the scorching start of the Southern Hemisphere summer.

“Soybeans are doing well because it is planted later than corn. The December heat struck while soy plants were still in their vegetative state, which slowed development but allowed them to escape permanent damage,” Sierra said. “The situation for corn is less favourable. It was planted earlier than soy. So the heat wave in December hit just as corn plants were in their reproductive state,” he added.

He said he expects a soybean crop of about 50 million tonnes this season and about 20 million tonnes of corn. December’s dry spell also took a toll on 2013-14 wheat, 98 per cent of which had been harvested last week. The Rosario grains exchange sees a wheat crop of 9.5 million tonnes this season while the Agriculture Ministry expects a nine-million-tonne harvest.


12

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

A kinder, gentler way of killing chickens Mountain View Poultry in Okotoks, Alta. will be among the first to install it By Laura Rance co-operator editor / liendon, netherlands

I

t used to be that if the preacher said he was coming for dinner, a chicken met its maker before lunch. Cooking up a fresh bird was the on-farm version of fast food long before Colonel Sanders hit the scene with his Kentucky Fried franchise. A hen could contribute to the family’s breakfast and still be on the table for the main meal. Having its neck wrung or head chopped off is obviously a nowin situation for the bird, but in the care of a deft farmhand, at least its suffering was limited to a matter of seconds from the time it was scooped out of the chicken coop. And it was arguably more humane than modern processing methods that entail catching and loading the birds into cages and transporting them to a slaughterhouse, where they endure a panicked few moments hung in shackles by the feet with their wings flapping frantically, dipped into water and stunned with electrical current before being bled out and eviscerated. “I really don’t like the shackles,” said Wim Van Stuyvenberg, a slaughterhouse systems designer with TopKip B.V. in the Netherlands, noting it is not only painful, but frightening. “I really feel sorry for the birds.” But in the modern world in which most consumers no longer have the interest or the capacity to produce and process their own food, meat processing is all about volume, speed and efficiency. Measures are taken to keep birds’ suffering to a minimum, but animal welfare groups are constantly pressuring industry and regulators to do more.

Intense pressure

Nowhere has that pressure been more intense than Europe, and

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Wim Van Stuyvenberg, with business partner Ary Dirkzwager in the background, shows how birds are placed into cradle cones in preparation for slaughter.  Photos: Laura Rance

in particular, the Netherlands. There standards for treatment of animals in the livestock industry are routinely much more stringent than required by European Union regulations, which are already the toughest in the world. Making those last few moments of an animal’s life as stress free and painless as possible is an increasingly complex task for the meat industry, but in the Netherlands, it has also spawned some welfare-friendly innovations that coincidentally also improve meat quality. As of Jan. 1, 2013 new EU regulations upped the electrical current poultry processors are required to use in the waterbath stunning systems in order to make extra sure all birds are unconscious before entering the processing line. “For a slaughterhouse, it is a complete disaster,” said Van Stuyvenberg, adding that the new regulations have exacerbated two problems with existing poultry slaughter designs. In commonly used water-bath stunning systems, the electrical current travels from head to toe, jolting the entire bird. In an increased number of instances, the higher current essentially “blows up the bird,” as the electrocuting forces cause blood vessels to burst, causing blood

splatter and reducing carcass quality, he said. Van Stuyvenberg said the second problem with existing systems is that it applies the same force to every bird, which in many cases leads to overkill. Regardless of size, all birds differ in the electrical current needed to render them unconscious. To use a human analogy, it is not unlike the need for anesthesia levels to be uniquely tailored to each surgical patient. He has come up with a system that rectifies both issues, and which provides more comfort for the birds as well.

Cradles, not shackles

Rather than restraining the birds with shackles before stunning, the TopKip system cradles the birds in a cone, which is more soothing. A computerized paddle on each side of the bird’s head measures the resistance (measured as ohms) and delivers precisely as much punch as needed to render the bird unconscious for 30 seconds. The electrical current only travels through the head, leaving carcass quality intact. Using the same principle, Van Stuyvenberg is working on portable euthanasia devices for use in poultry and hog barns. In the prototype, the eutha-

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Co-operator editor Laura Rance travelled to the Netherlands in December courtesy of the Dutch government to see how the animal industry is adapting to stringent animal welfare, environmental and food safety requirements. laura@fbcpublishing.com

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really feel it is more humane,” Kielstra said. The cradle cones are less stressful for the birds than being hung upside down by their legs. “They tend to relax when you cradle them,” he said. “I like the fact that every bird gets stunned individually,” he said. And it is only the head that receives the current, not the full body, which should result in better quality. Kielstra is also considering another of TopKip’s innovations — a carcass-chilling process that uses a combination of air and water baths to significantly reduce the time it takes to chill a carcass after slaughter. The family-owned firm which processes 30,000 birds per week for specialty markets in Alberta hopes to make its upgraded processing methods into a marketing advantage. Consumers may be far removed from the production chain, but they still care about process. “I think we’ll be able to advertise it,” he said.

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nizer is worn on the hips like a gun holster. A small animal can be dropped into the cradle and euthanized within seconds, replacing the effective but socially unpopular practice of bashing their heads on hard surfaces. “It’s actually very simple. We know the voltage, we know the currency that we give. We don’t know the resistance. As soon as electrodes touch the head, immediately the computer starts to calculate the resistance,” he said. An added bonus is the poultry line system records the electrical dose delivered to each bird, at a line rate of 13,500 birds per hour, data that can be stored and reviewed for quality control. Plus, the system can easily be modified to meet requirements for halal and kosher meats, in which the animals must be conscious at the time of slaughter. Mountain View Poultry in Okotoks, Alta., which raises and processes its own broilers, will be the first in Canada to use the new stunning system when it reopens early this year after a renovation. Owner Jonathan Kielstra said the advantages are worth the $150,000 cost — a fifteenfold increase over a stunning system. “The biggest thing is, I

TopKip’s Wim Van Stuyvenberg shows his prototype for a portable euthanizer in poultry and hog barns.

cigi.ca

cmbtc.com


13

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Lower prices and higher costs a recipe for trouble The University of Manitoba’s Gary Martens says farmers have options, but they don’t like hearing them By Allan Dawson co-operator staff

“If we farm the Betty Crocker way with lots of inputs, expensive seed, expensive rent and lots of nitrogen fertilizer and lots of fungicides, that’s not going to fly this year.”

A

Time to start checking out Russian real estate? While we froze in Canada, Russia had the warmest December on record reuters

L

ast December in Russia was the warmest since the record began in 1891, while the average temperature was more than 4 C above the seasonal norms, Russia’s weather forecaster Hydrometcentre said Jan. 3. The warm December could have a positive implication for winter grains, which the forecaster has said were in a better state than ever. A rainy autumn delayed the seeding campaign in Russia and Ukraine, two of the main Black Sea grain exporters, but an abnormally warm October and November extended the planting season, while December weather was also favourable. However, the unusual warm winter raised concerns about success of forthcoming 2014 Winter Olympics in the subtropical Black Sea resort of Sochi. Unusually warm temperatures last winter prompted organizers of Russia’s first post-Soviet Olympics and first Winter Games to store some 450,000 cubic metres (16 million cubic feet) of snow in the mountains just in case. Meteorologists were optimistic there will be no shortage of snow for the Games in February. Hyd ro m e t c e n t re s a i d o n Fr i d a y t h a t 2 0 1 3 w a s t h e sixth-warmest year on record in Russia.

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Gary Martens

University of Manitoba agronomy instructor, Gary Martens says farmers are going to have to change practices to contend with lower crop prices and higher production costs.   photo: allan dawson

by the thirsty ethanol market. But American ethanol subsidies have peaked, Martens said.

“And based on that I am predicting minus (profit) numbers for crops across Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta if we farm the same way we have,” he said. “If we farm the Betty Crocker way with lots of inputs, expensive seed, expensive rent and lots of nitrogen fertilizer and lots of fungicides, that’s not going to fly this year.” There are things farmers can do, but it means farming differently — a message, Martens said he would deliver to the CropSphere conference in Saskatoon. “It’s stuff they don’t want to hear — more diversity in their agriculture,

integrating crops and livestock, grow some of their own nitrogen,” he said. “These are not new ideas but they’re ideas that will save you money. And we haven’t been doing them because we didn’t need to. We may have to. Farmers have a bit of a bank account. They can afford one loss, but they can’t farm this way forever.” Many market analysts have said world grain prices would continue to fluctuate but in a new higher range. Some called it “a new paradigm. “I used to believe it, but not anymore,” Martens said. allan@fbcpublishing.com

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f t e r s e ve ra l ye a r s o f g o o d yields and good prices the party is over for western Canadian farmers, unless they change tact, according to University of Manitoba agronomy instructor Gary Martens. “I’m predicting 2014 will be a financial disaster — total disaster — because the prices (for crops) are crashing right now,” he said in an interview Jan. 9. But the problem isn’t just lower prices, it’s higher production costs, some of which farmers caused themselves, Martens said. Strong crop prices and bumper crops since 2008 have boosted farm profits, prompting farmers to bid up land prices and rents. In the meantime, crop prices have plunged as supplies exceed demand. Until now, excess corn and wheat stocks in the U.S. were sopped up


14

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Healthy soil the key to healthy profits Look beyond ‘bench-top chemistry’ in evaluating soil health, urges soil microbiologist By Daniel Winters

and cover crops provides a more nutritious diet for the first level of the nutrient-cycling soil food web. When the biological system thrives, it results in better water infiltration rates, improved phosphorus availability via fungal networks in the soil, and reduced disease pressure by fostering balanced “predator-prey” relationships between the soil organisms.

CO-OPERATOR STAFF / MINOT, NORTH DAKOTA

J

on Stika says farmers always give the same answers when asked what they want from their soil. “They want it to grow crops, infiltrate water and supply nutrients,” the USDA soil scientist told last week’s annual workshop of the ManitobaNorth Dakota Zero Tillage Farmers Association. “But what if we managed it to its fullest potential, then what could it do? Then how efficient and profitable could we be?” Stika asked. Achieving that requires looking at soil as a living ecosystem made up of not just silt, sand and clay, but also the microscopic critters that are equal in mass to two cows per acre. “Ninety per cent of what you expect the soil to do is based on what lives in the soil,” said Stika. Changing management practices — or being nice for a change — is the simplest way to do it, he said. “It’s like if you took someone and every morning shoved them head first down a flight of stairs and didn’t give them breakfast,” said Stika. “How much work could they get done with one arm in a sling, an eye swollen shut, and limping?” It’s basic economics. Increased profit margins are the result of higher productivity without the need for additional inputs.

Park the tillage tools

Parking the tillage tools is a good first step towards “creating quality microbial habitat.” As proof, he cited research from North Dakota State University that shows avoiding soil disturbance under long-term no till

Soil terminology

Soil scientist Jon Stika demonstrates the erosion-resistant qualities of a “living” soil aggregate (r) compared to an ordinary clump of “dead” dirt. PHOTO: DANIEL WINTERS

offers a free 50-pound nitrogen credit for every crop year. “That’s 20-some bucks a year on how many thousands of acres? You’re starting to talk some serious money here,” he said.

Most plants leak out between 30-50 per cent of the sugars they create via photosynthesis via their roots to feed those two underground “cows.” Planting diverse crop rotations

Academics, crop consultants and farmers all use different terminology to describe healthy soil, but it all boils down to aggregation, organic matter and soil biology, said Abbey Wick, a soil health specialist from North Dakota State University. The most obvious indicator of soil health is aggregation, or clumping into units large and small. But “functionality” — the presence of living roots, bugs, bacteria, and fungi — is where the payoff comes in terms of waterholding capacity, erosion resistance, and crop yields. Wick said aggregates create pore spaces for roots to develop into, and crops that can reach further into the soil profile always perform better than those that are restricted. Air spaces between soil aggregates supply oxygen to soil flora and fauna that recycle crop residues into mineralized, plantavailable nutrients, allow the soil to warm up more quickly in spring and drain off surface water to prevent surface ponding, Wick said. Earthworms create aggregates through their digestion, and protozoa and nematodes “graze” on bacteria and fungi to release the nutrients bound up in their cellular biomass.

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“This is something I find fascinating: within an aggregate, you have different microbial functions than you do on the exterior,” said Wick, adding that the “food web” or “grazing” that occurs in the soil is important for soil health and therefore crop yields. Kris Nichols, a USDA soil microbiologist based at Mandan’s Northern Great Plains Research Laboratory, said that a growing plant can have all the chemical nutrients it needs in the soil, but without the micro-organisms to make them available it is like a shipwrecked survivor surrounded by “water, water, everywhere, and not a drop to drink.” “That’s the role that microorganisms play: to make that stuff plant available so that we don’t have to add those nutrients to our soil systems,” said Nichols. In her presentation, she made a case for rethinking the soil testing process. Currently slanted towards “in-out” chemistry, Nichols argued that such a narrow focus neglects the importance of soil biology’s symbiotic relationships, as well as physics and even geology in crop production. “What I’m trying to explain is that we don’t know it all. In fact, we don’t know very much at all,” said Nichols. Cutting-edge science shows that soil productivity is based on “multi-layered interactions” that are very difficult to measure. Understanding what goes on in the soil is akin to exploring an alternate universe, but the need for new perspectives that go beyond “bench-top chemistry” is being driven by the changing dynamics of global economics, energy and nutrient input availability, she added. daniel.winters@fbcpublishing.com

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15

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

AGI ties equipment brands together

Living aggregate? Or just a dead lump of dirt? Two samples behave very differently when suspended in water

Staff

By Daniel Winters Co-operator Staff

Testing soil health doesn’t have to cost an arm and a leg. In fact, testing whether soil is “alive” or “dead” can be as simple as child’s play, said Jon Stika, a soil scientist with the USDA’s Natural Resource Conservation service. In his presentation, Stika had two volunteers drop two seemingly identical dry lumps of earth into water. The “dead” lump disintegrated almost immediately, while the “living” one held its shape even after being submerged the entire afternoon. The samples were taken from two spots in a field of fine, sandy loam that lay just 50 feet apart. The only difference was land management. The weaker one had been subject to frequent tillage, no crop diversity, and no residue cover, which combined had created what Stika called a “really hostile habitat for soil biology.” The other was taken from sod that has always been covered with a diverse mix of perennial plants that had created a “really wonderful place to live” for soil microbes. The experiment, said Stika, shows that run-off, ponding, erosion, and poor water infiltration are all just fingers pointing to poor soil aggregation caused by degraded soil health. daniel.winters@fbcpublishing.com

Two volunteers test two lumps of earth from fields with different management histories.   photo: daniel winters

Trim: 8.125”

Grain growers and livestock producers looking for new equipment from the Ag Growth International (AGI) group of manufacturers can expect to look for new logos. Winnipeg-based AGI on Jan. 9 announced a “rebrand initiative” in which the company’s grain- and livestock-handling equipment and grain storage brands — Batco, Westfield, Wheatheart, Hi Roller, Union Iron, HSI, Tramco, Twister, Grain Guard, Airlanco, Mepu and Applegate — will now sport the same font and AGI’s “rolling hills” insignia. “The creation of a more unified brand family enables our customers, employees and stakeholders to identify AGI and all of its brands as part of a portfolio of products that work together to provide customer solutions within grain handling, storage and conditioning,” AGI CEO Gary Anderson said in a release. The rebranding will appear on equipment decals and promotional materials, but each product line will keep its current paint and colour schemes.

WHAT’S UP Please forward your agricultural events to daveb@fbcpublishing. com or call 204-944-5762. Jan. 22: Workshop: “Building health, hope and resiliency in the agricultural community,” 1-4:30 p.m., Riverbank Discovery Centre, 545 Conservation Dr., Brandon. To register call 204-571-4182 or email info@ruralsupport.ca.

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Jan. 29-31: Keystone Agricultural Producers annual meeting, Delta Winnipeg, 350 St. Mary Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204697-1140 or visit kap.mb.ca. Jan. 30: FCC workshop: Eight key principles of farm financial management, 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Viscount Cultural Centre, 293 Mountain Ave., Neepawa. For more info or to register visit http://www.fcc-fac.ca/en/ LearningCentre/workshops_mb_e. asp.

Trim: 10”

Feb. 3-6: Canadian Weed Science Society/Weed Science Society of America joint meeting, Hyatt Regency, 655 Burrard St., Vancouver. For more info visit http://wssa.net/meeting/annualmeeting/. Feb. 4-5: Manitoba Beef Producers 35th annual general meeting, Victoria Inn, 3550 Victoria Ave. W., Brandon. For more info visit mbbeef.ca. Feb. 24: FCC workshop: How to benefit from agricultural cycles and economic trends, 10:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Victoria Inn, 3550 Victoria Ave., Brandon. For more info or to register visit http://www. fcc-fac.ca/en/LearningCentre/ workshops_mb_e.asp. Feb. 24-25: Wild Oats Grainworld 2014 conference, Fairmont Winnipeg, 2 Lombard Pl., Winnipeg. For more info visit wildoatsgrainworld.com. Feb. 25: FCC workshop: Minimize taxes and maximize purchasing power, 1-4 p.m., War Veterans Community Hall, 119 Sixth Ave. N., Swan River. For more info or to register visit http://www.fcc-fac. ca/en/LearningCentre/workshops_ mb_e.asp.

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16

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

WEATHER VANE

Weather now for next week.

Get the Manitoba Co-operator mobile app and get local or national forecast info. Download the free app at agreader.ca/mbc

“ E V E R Y O N E T A L K S A B O U T T H E W E A T H E R , B U T N O O N E D O E S A N Y T H I N G A B O U T I T.” M a r k Tw a i n , 18 9 7

Milder air should win out Issued: Monday, January 13, 2013 · Covering: January 15 – January 22, 2013 Daniel Bezte Co-operator contributor

F

or the first time since l a t e Nov e m b e r, a number of places across southern and central Manitoba saw daytime highs a b ov e t h e f r e e z i n g m a r k last weekend. For this forecast period we’ll see a bit of a temperature roller-coaster, with a couple more chances o f s e e i n g a b ov e - f r e e z i n g temperatures. We start this forecast period off with a strong area of low pressure dropping quickly southeastward from northern Saskatchewan early Wednesd a y m o r n i n g . T h i s l ow i s f o re c a s t t o t r a c k t h r o u g h north-central Manitoba during the day on Wednesday, ending up near Thunder Bay by Thursday morning. Ahead of this low we’ll see strong southerly winds and mild temperatures as a warm front pushes through. We will likely see some light snow, freezing rain or even just rain as the warm front moves across the region. Once the low slides by to our east, the winds will

become strong northerly and we’ll see temperatures cool down significantly for t h e T h u r s d a y- t o - Sa t u rd a y time frame, with highs only expected to be around -18 C and overnight lows in the mid-minus-20s range. By Sunday we should see a rapid recovery in temperatures as a strong ridge of high pressure situated to our west pushes eastward, placing us in a mild westerly flow. Daytime highs could once again push the freezing mark in some areas. This ridge should collapse early next week as a weak arctic high builds southward behind a strengthening upper low over Eastern Canada. Temperatures will cool back down to more seasonal values on Tuesday and Wednesday before we see a return to mild conditions by next Thursday or Friday. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, -22 to -5 C; lows, -33 to -16 C. Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at daniel@bezte.ca.

WEATHER MAP - WESTERN CANADA

7 Day Percent of Average Precipitation (Prairie Region) January 3, 2014 to January 9, 2014

< 40% 40 - 60% 60 - 85% 85 - 115% 115 - 150% 150 - 200% > 200% Extent of Agricultural Land Lakes and Rivers

Produced using near real-time data that has undergone initial quality control. The map may not be accurate for all regions due to data availability and data errors. Copyright © 2014 Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada Prepared by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada’s National Agroclimate Information Service (NAIS). Data provided through partnership with Environment Canada, Natural Resources Canada, and many Provincial agencies.

Created: 01/10/14 www.agr.gc.ca/drought

This issue’s map shows the total amount of precipitation that fell during the seven days ending on Jan. 9 as a per cent of average. You can easily see the path of the storm system that brought some fairly heavy snow to much of agricultural Manitoba on Jan. 3.

Warmer weather for second half of winter? We’re seeing a split in the long-range weather outlook By Daniel Bezte CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR

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ell, it finally happened: the cold snap that held us in its grasp for about a month has broken. To be honest, if we had to have a big winter cold snap I would prefer it to be early like we saw this winter, rather than at the end of winter like we had last year. If you are an outdoor person, everything is now frozen up nice and solid and there is good snow cover pretty much everywhere, which means nearperfect conditions to go out and do whatever it is you like to do. Also, should we get more cold weather, we’ll simply be able to brush it off since we are “used to it.” The only downside to the early-winter cold snap is that it really put a damper on outdoor activities over the Christmas break. One other thing I want to touch on before we tackle the long-range forecasts is the dreaded “g” word: global warming. Every time some part of the world has a spell of cold weather the topic of global warming heats up once again. It is especially bad when the cold weather hits North America, and in particular, the U.S. If there are a couple of weeks of really cold weather, like they just saw, then all of a sudden

Using data from the years that also saw a really cold December, it looks like we’ll have a cold and snowy second half to winter.

you start hearing the comments: how could there possibly be global warming if we are seeing such a big cold snap with some record-breaking temperatures? Well, I don’t want to spend a lot of time on this as I have covered this many times in the past. The key word in global warming is “global” — as in, “What are the overall temperatures across the globe doing?” and not simply how North America or the U.S. is doing (North America only makes up five per cent of the Earth’s total area) at one moment in time. No matter what happens with global warming, the high Arctic is going to get cold in the winter — there is no sunshine and thus no input of solar energy. This cold air is, on occasion, going to drop southward. If enough factors line up just right then we can see really cold air move south, just like we’ve seen really warm air move northward (remember March 2012?).

The over-under

OK, enough of that; let’s look ahead to see what the rest of the winter and early spring might hold in store for us, weather-wise. Let’s start off with Environment Canada. EC’s long-range forecasts show the probability of having colderthan-average temperatures, near-average temperatures, and above-average temperatures. This means temperature forecasts are broken into three categories. We have to keep this in mind when we look at their numbers. For example, the January-to-March forecast shows us as having a 50 per cent chance of seeing below-average temperatures. A number of people see that number and quickly say that there must then be a 50 per cent chance of aboveaverage temperatures. In reality, the remaining 50 per cent of the forecast is split between average temperatures and above-average temperatures. If we simply said each would then have a 25 per cent chance of occurring

(which isn’t necessarily true) then there would be a (50+25=) 75 per cent chance of seeing near- to below-average temperatures during this time frame and only a 25 per cent chance of above-average temperatures. So, it appears that according to EC, the rest of the winter will be on the cold side, but we need to look at its other forecasts to be sure. The next forecast EC makes covers the period of February to April. In this time frame it shows us moving toward average temperatures. This trend continues for the March-to-May time period, then transitions into a warmer-than-average forecast for the April-to-June time period. The way I interpret this is that we’ll see a slow warming trend (compared to average) from now until summer — not a bad forecast. The Old Farmer’s Almanac shows slightly below-average temperatures for February and March, with a transition to above-average temperatures in April and May. It also predicts a lot of snow in February, followed by a dry March and then a wet April. Over at the Canadian Farmers’ Almanac they appear to call for cold snowy weather in February and March, with a fair bit of talk about very cold weather, snow and storms. The cold, wet weather looks to

continue into April, with the mention of very cold weather once again, along with several mentions of rain. May also starts off on the cold and wet side, so all in all, not the best long-range forecast. Finally, my forecast — actually, I have two different forecasts. The first one is based on what the weather was like in the years that also saw a really cold December. Using this data, it looks like we’ll have a cold and snowy second half to winter. When I crunched the numbers, the February-to-April time frame came in with a 75 per cent or better chance of seeing below-average temperatures and above-average amounts of precipitation (snow). Then there is a rapid change in May, with a 90 per cent chance of above-average temperatures along with near-average amounts of rain. My second forecast is my gut forecast. This forecast tells me we’ll see a mild second half of winter with near-average amounts of precipitation. This will then transition into wellabove-average temperatures as we move into spring, with above-average amounts of precipitation. Now it’s time to sit back, enjoy the weather we do get as best we can, then see who lucks out and gets the forecast right!


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

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T:10.25”

CROPS h u sbandry — the science , S K I L L O R A R T O F F A R M I N G

Is the freeze-thaw effect a myth?

Chilling news for heavyweights, but Alberta farmer says RTK-guided tramlines offer a solution By Daniel Winters co-operator staff, Minot, North Dakota

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Prevention

Helping Mother Nature out in the case of soil compaction is largely a case of preventing it in the first place, she added. Soil compaction can be caused by excessive or untimely tillage as well as wheel traffic. Telltale signs are roots that reach out horizontally instead of straight down, ponding after heavy rains and crops that flop over due to poor root development. In theory, avoiding field work when the soil is wet is the key to preventing compaction. But in practice, farmers are under enormous pressure to get seed in the ground, wet or not. But Riekman said contrary to popular belief, the unsightly ruts that form when the soil is extremely wet don’t result in serious compaction

®

Alberta farmer Steve Larocque explains how zero tillage and controlled traffic farming has reduced compaction and increased water infiltration rates in his clay soil.  Photo: Daniel Winters

This aerial photo shows the effect of wheel compaction on yield.  Photo: MAFRD

because the water in the pore spaces of soil particles prevents their closure. The real damage occurs when the soil is moist. At such times, the larger pores can be flattened because they are filled with air. It’s easy to believe there’s no serious impact at such times, because the “lips” that the tire tracks create are barely visible. “This is where I get yelled at because I know that we are not able to stop this. But this is when we need to limit activities as much as we can and limit the weight,” said Riekman. Tests at the Prairie Agricultural Machinery Institute found that properly inflated duals were more effective at reducing compaction than 24-inch and 36-inch rubber tracks, but overinflated duals were the worst offender, she said.

Stick to the tracks

Steve Larocque, an Alberta farmer and owner of Beyond Agronomy, an independent consulting firm, believes that he has the solution. Larocque said that he has seen dramatic improvements in water infiltration rates on his

1,000-acre farm on heavy clay soils north of Calgary after switching to a controlled traffic, RTKbased, no-till system with inter-row seeding. “If you look at the equipment we run now and have run for decades, it’s 30,000 to 60,000 pounds on four tires,” said Larocque. Instead of randomly travelling all over the field and leaving telltale tire tracks that “retard” crop growth and affect yields, he has gone to great lengths and even extensive modifications to match up his axle and equipment widths so that the tires only travel on the same paths, or “tramlines,” year after year, with a 30-foot drill, a 30-foot combine and a 60-foot sprayer that all run on 121.5-inch centres. By restricting wheel traffic to the same ruts, he has cut the compacted area down from anywhere from 40-50 per cent of his land to just 17-20 per cent. After several years of avoiding random wheel traffic, he has seen improvements in soil quality and tilth, but the most dramatic impact has been in terms of water infiltration rates. “It offers a more resilient system. When the heavy rains come, you can absorb a lot more water and a lot faster,” he said. Increased infiltration rates prevent roots from drowning out. Also, no hardpan layer means that in dry years, the roots can reach down deep to tap extra supplies of moisture. In his area, where an average year sees only 12 inches of rainfall, subsoil reserves are often the key to good lateseason crop development. Controlled traffic farming also helps with highly precise inter-row seeding in tall stubble, he added. With less compaction, his seed openers seldom drift from side to side, and the soil flows around them “like butter,” he said. daniel.winters@fbcpublishing.com

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T:15.58”

hat if the notion that the freeze-thaw action of icy winter weather gives Prairie farmers a free pass on soil compaction problems turns out to be wishful thinking? If so, the implications should be enough to send a chill down a big-iron-loving farmer’s spine. “We often say that we don’t have to worry about soil compaction, because Mother Nature is going to fix it for us,” Marla Riekman, a land management specialist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development told the recent annual workshop of the Manitoba-North Dakota Zero Tillage Association. “Maybe she does, and maybe she doesn’t. It depends on where you are, and how deep we’re talking.” The freeze-thaw effect for breaking up compacted layers has been a part of the established farm orthodoxy for decades, but Riekman cited a bundle of new research that suggests that the freeze-thaw effect only works in the top two to six inches. When looking down farther to the nine-inch depth, the real heavy lifting in heavy clay soils may depend more on wet-dry cycles that cause cracks to form. “We freeze deep, sure, but it’s actually the multiple freeze-thaw events that actually break up the compaction, not just a single frost,” she said. Evidence of the long-lasting impact of soil compaction can be found in wagon ruts dating from the 1870s that can still be seen criss-crossing the Prairies. “You’d think that if freeze/thaw works, that after 100 years you wouldn’t be able to see that trail,” said Riekman, who added testing on one of them showed a 50 per cent reduction in air and water infiltration in the tracks even though it was only used for three years.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Water use doubles among Canadian farmers between 2010 and 2012

CCA recognizes Heard’s soil fertility extension work

The greatest volume increases were seen in Manitoba and Alberta: ag water survey

MAFRD fertility specialist receives Harapiak Award

Staff

By Allan Dawson

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co-operator staff

he amount of water Canadian farmers used for irrigation more than doubled between 2010 and 2012, with the greatest volume increases seen in Alberta and Manitoba where farmers reported increases of more than 150 per cent. Water use data released by Statistics Canada recently show approximately 1.7 billion cubic metres of water used in 2012 across the country, with just over three-quarters of that water applied to crops in Alberta. Nationally, more than 590,000 hectares of land were irrigated in 2012, up 12 per cent from 2010. Seventy per cent of that land was in Alberta where 420,940 hectares of land were under irrigation in 2012. Farms in British Columbia were responsible for the second-largest amount of water used for irrigation, although their usage remained stable over the time period. The majority of water was used to irrigate field crops (61 per cent) and forage crops (34 per cent), with just three and two per cent used on fruit and vegetable crops. British Columbia had the largest number of farms that reported irrigation (2,950 farms) while Manitoba and the Atlantic region had the smallest (110 and 130 farms).

Water use data released by Statistics Canada recently show approximately 1.7 billion cubic metres of water used in 2012 across the country, with just over three-quarters of that water applied to crops in Alberta.

Close to 75 per cent of the water used for irrigation came from off-farm sources, while 20 per cent came from on-farm surface water and five per cent came from on-farm underground water sources. Off-farm water was the predominant water source for Alberta and Saskatchewan, while the majority of irrigation water in Eastern Canada came from on-farm, surface water sources. Just over half (56 per cent) of all water used for irrigation in Manitoba came from on-farm groundwater sources. The majority of farms (6,860 farms) in 2012 did not have problems with irrigation, but some producers did have to stop or forgo irrigation due to shortage of surface water or underground water, poor water quality and other issues, the report titled Agricultural Water Use in Canada 2012 says. A shortage of surface water meant 785 farms could not irrigate while 340 farms expe-

rienced a shortage of underground water. Over 1,600 farms could not irrigate because of poor water quality, an irrigation ban or other reasons. A variety of conservation practices were in use in 2012. Watering at night or in the morning was the most common practice, followed by farms using water or energy-saving nozzles, or incorporating compost or other organic material into the soil. Approximately 500 farms did not use any energy or water conservation practices. The survey gathered information on irrigation water use, irrigation methods and practices and sources and quality used by farmers during the 2012 growing season (April 1 to October 31, 2012) and was part of the Canadian Environmental Sustainability Indicators program. The entire report can be downloaded at: http://www. statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-402-x/ 16-402-x2013001-eng.htm.

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rovincial soil fertility extension specialist John Heard was presented with the Certified Crop Advisors’ 2013 John Harapiak Prairie Pioneer Aw a rd a t t h e Ma n i t o b a Agronomists Conference at the University of Manitoba Dec. 11 in Winnipeg. He a rd , w h o h a s b e e n with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development since 1996, said he was “speechless, but honoured,” when presented with the award by Brian Hellegards, the Manitoba representative on the Prairie Certified Crop Advisor board. The award is named for the late John Harapiak, who spent most of his career

w i t h We s t e r n Co - o p e rative Fertilizers ( Westco). Harapiak is credited with not only developing many of the fertilizer application techniques far mers use today, but also proving their efficacy. Like Harapiak, Heard is a strong advocate of basing agronomic recommendations on research. Harapiak passed away from prostate cancer in January 2011. Certified Crop Advisors must meet rigorous standards, including a combination of experience and post-secondary training, as well as complete 40 hours of continuing education every two years and sign and agree to uphold the CCA’s Code of Ethics. allan@fbcpublishing.com

NITROGEN MISER

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AGROTAIN® stabilizer can be applied to urea or added to urea ammonium nitrate (UAN) to reduce ammonia volatilization, and improve crop uptake and utilization of the applied nitrogen. Utilizing AGROTAIN® stabilizer gives you the flexibility to manage your time more efficiently. By removing the nitrogen from your air tank, you can seed more acres in a day, and apply urea treated with AGROTAIN® stabilizer when it’s convenient. If seeding efficiency is less of a concern, side-banding nitrogen may be an effective option. However, if the bands at the time of seeding are shallow, new research indicates your nitrogen may be at risk due to volatilization. Urea treated with AGROTAIN® stabilizer can help protect your nitrogen investment.

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MAFRD’s soil fertility extension specialist John Heard was presented with the Certified Crop Advisors’ 2013 John Harapiak Prairie Pioneer Award Dec. 11, 2013 at the Manitoba Agronomists Conference at the University of Manitoba.  Photo: Allan Dawson

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Prairie winter wheat seen safe under a blanket of snow

If the hydro goes off

The crop was generally well established in many areas ahead of winter freeze-up By Terryn Shiells commodity news service canada

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photo: Luc Gamache

estern Canada may be in the midst of a deep freeze, but winter wheat crops are none the wiser. “The crop sure is protected, there’s lots of snow,” said Jake Davidson, executive director of Winter Cereals Canada. “I would say that snow cover is more than adequate in most places.” The ample amount of snow in many of Western Canada’s winter wheat-growing regions has created good insulation t h a t i s h e l p i n g t o p ro t e c t the crop from the extremely cold temperatures seen this winter. It is expected to warm up in mid-January in some areas, but the swinging temperat u re s s h o u l d n’t c a u s e a n y problems as long as the snow doesn’t melt, Davidson said. T h e c ro p i s e x p e c t e d t o re m a i n i n g o o d c o n d i t i o n t h ro u g h o u t t h e w i n t e r, a s long as there aren’t any quick thaws before the spring. “ I t ’s t h e f r e e z e / t h a w s that could cause problems, because (the ground) can get wet and the top level of the soil freezes and you get the ice in there,” Davidson said. “It’ll do in the crop.” The crop was generally well established in many areas ahead of winter freeze-up, Davidson said, adding, “we’re working on the theory that all is going to be well.” The number of acres that was planted to winter wheat this fall was exactly the same a s l a s t y e a r, t h o u g h a re a dropped in Manitoba. But, that doesn’t mean production in the province will also be down. If the weather stays good, production should be around the same as the year prior, because a lot of winter wheat crops in Manitoba were victims of winterkill last year, said Davidson. Farmers in Saskatchewan and Alber ta planted more acres to winter wheat this fall than they did last year. Western Canadian farmers planted 1.155 million acres of winter wheat this fall, with 525,000 from Saskatchewan, 435,000 in Manitoba and 195,000 in Alberta, Statistics Canada data shows. Last fall, growers planted the same number of acres, with 390,000 from Saskatchewan, 600,000 from Manitoba and 165,000 from Alberta.

Always read and follow label directions. FMC and Authority are trademarks and Investing in farming’s future is a service mark of FMC Corporation. ©2014 FMC Corporation. All rights reserved. F101-032481 1/14 Kochia image by Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

What’s hiding in the tall grass? Could be conservation benefits Properly maintained grasslands can promote conservation as well as a greater public understanding of how farmers interact with the land By Shannon VanRaes co-operator staff / arborg

I

t’s about more than providing livestock with nutritious feed and forage. Properly maintained grasslands can also contribute to society’s understanding of the work farmers do, as well as play a valuable role in conservation efforts, says Wanda McFayden, executive director of the Manitoba Forage & Grassland Association. The organization changed its name last summer to include the word grassland, and is now looking at other methods of emphasizing the importance of pasture land in Manitoba. “When you think grasslands, you tend to think not just the field of alfalfa — it’s more expansive. So our role is to look at how to assist people — and it’s not just the larger producer, it’s also for the individual who maybe has 10 or 20 acres of grassland,” McFayden told producers during a recent Beef and Forage week presentation. “We want to help them with best management practices, whether it be weed control or any other issue.” Fo ra g e a n d g ra s s l a n d s account for one-third of the total agricultural land in the province, roughly 5.9 million acres. And of that, nearly half is comprised of pasture land. Manitoba forage and grassland contributes nearly $1 billion in economic value to the province. But McFayden said generating interest in grasslands, native hay and other types of pasture is about more than economics. She said the association’s mission statement and goals have also been updated to reflect a broader mandate. “From a public or social point of view this is a way to create a better understanding of what farmers do, and also a way of promoting the fact that we are good stewards of the land,” she said. “We do look after our forages and we do look after our grasslands, and that has important societal benefits, as well as environmental benefits.” To that end, the association will be working with several companies on restoration projects aimed at restoring localized environments with grasslands. “We’re just sort of finding our way there and looking at various windows of opportunity,” said McFayden, who assumed the position last fall. She added that the association will also continue its work on research and extension projects. “ Yo u r g r a s s l a n d s a r e your pastures areas, so that becomes very important for

producers from a management perspective,” McFayden said. “And we want to help producers manage grasslands for high productivity, as well as to get the best gain and leave the grass in the best and most optimal conditions.” shannon.vanraes@fbcpublishing.com

“We’re just sort of finding our way there and looking at various windows of opportunity.” Wanda McFayden

Wanda McFayden speaks to producers in Arborg.  Photo: Shannon VanRaes

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Weyburn Inland Terminal potential sale questioned

DUAL-PURPOSE BIRD FACILITIES

Board says it’s pursuing ‘expressions of interest’ from unnamed buyers By Leeann Minogue STAFF

S This birdbath does double duty as a sunflower seed and suet feeder in winter in winter, and this blue jay is happy to take more than his fair share. PHOTO: LENORE BERRY

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ome shareholders and customers of southeastern Saskatchewan’s We y b u r n In l a n d Te r m i n a l have joined together to question the potential sale of the farmer-owned facility to outside buyers. WIT on Dec. 13 announced it’s pursuing “expressions of interest” regarding the potential sale of all or part of the Weyburn, Sask. company. The shareholder initiative is spearheaded by Weyburn farmer Mark Bratrud. “We’re worried about local competition, if the terminal is sold to another grain company. We’re concer ned about not having the opportunity to have a f a r m e r- ow n e d b u s i n e s s enterprise in the area in the future.” One of the reasons WIT has cited for exploring a potential sale is to increase shareholder liquidity. WIT shares trade in the over-the-counter (OTC) market, and are not listed on a stock exchange. “ We u n d e r s t a n d t h a t i n v e s t o r s w a n t l i q u i d i t y,” said Bratrud, “but have we explored every option? To us, selling it to somebody else is a last-ditch solution.” A similar discussion took place in 1998, when WIT shareholders voted down an outside bid from United Grain Growers (now part of Viterra) to purchase the company. “It’s a generational thing,” he said. Bradtrud and other concerned shareholders have set up a website where they plan to raise shareholder awareness about the issue and develop new solutions to increase share liquidity. “It is becoming clear to us that this is moving quickly,” he said. Bratr ud hopes to gather enough shareholder support to convince WIT ’s board of directors to call a shareholde r s’ m e e t i n g a n d h o l d a n open conversation about the potential sale. “We want to open up the d i s c u s s i o n ,” h e s a i d . “ We want this company around for a long time. We want it to continue to grow.” To d a t e , W I T p r e s i d e n t Claude Carles says the company’s board of directors has no plans to call a shareholders’ meeting. Carles indicated he’s aware of the group’s initiative, but had no comments. Shareholders controlling a combined total five per cent of WIT’s outstanding shares c a n f o r c e t h e c o m p a n y ’s board to hold a shareholders’ meeting.


23

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Role of shelterbelts misunderstood, says French researcher French researcher argues that cultural value of shelterbelts is overlooked By Daniel Winters co-operator staff / brandon

K

eeping shelterbelts on the landscape requires cultural changes, is the conclusion of a recent survey. “We need to redefine shelterbelts. They are not just for windbreaks and soil protection. It’s much more than t h a t ,” s a i d L o u i s e B e l l e t , who shared the results of a survey that looked at public perceptions on the subject at the recent Manitoba Conservation Districts Association annual conference. Bellet, who is working on a master’s of science degree from Royal Roads University in Victoria, B.C., and grew up on a farm in France where s h e l t e r b e l t s a re a v a l u e d part of the agricultural landscape, sent 300 survey forms to farmers, landowners and townsfolk in the Winkler-Morden area. Judging from the responses found in the 105 forms that were returned, she was able to determine that the benefits to agriculture in shade, snow capture and erosion control are well understood, but their value in terms of wildlife and pollinator habitat, water purification and nutrient management, as well as overall biodiversity, appear to get short shrift.

appear to have displaced ecological and community needs, she added. To illustrate, she showed a series of full-page advertisements from farm newspapers that reflect this trend, one of which featured a fire-breathing dragon perched atop a sprayer. “How do you think a farmer can make sustainable decisions and adopt conser vation practices when they are constantly getting messages to ‘kill, burn, command, and control,’” said Bellet. “There’s no countervoice. I’m not sure people realize the effect it has on the psychology of farmers.” daniel.winters@fbcpublishing.com

Royal Roads University student Louise Bellet presents findings from a recent study on shelterbelt perceptions in the Winkler-Morden area.   photo: Daniel Winters

Always read and follow label directions. INFERNO and the INFERNO DUO logo are trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. All other  products mentioned herein are trademarks of their respective companies. ©2014 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. INF-020

“In Europe, we plant shelterbelts for biodiversity conservation. That’s the main thing.”

Louise Bellet

Bellet found it “surprising” that biodiversity was cited in less than 50 per cent of responses. “In Europe, we plant shelterbelts for biodiversity conser vation. That’s the main thing,” said Bellet, who added that in France, they are seen as an important cultural element to the countryside for providing sites for fruit picking, bird habitat and hunting. She speculated that the reason may be that respondents were not aware of the role of their ecological value, or that they feel the agricultural landscape is for “production only” and is not to be considered a “living environment.” Bellet, who visited the Agroforestry Centre at Indian Head this fall, just as it was closing, noted that shelterbelt planting was actively promoted and supported by the Canadian government during the early years of settlement on the Canadian Prairies. The goal was not just soil conservation, but also to make the region a more appealing place for communities to live and work. But in recent years, shortterm economic concerns

Tough broadleaves and flushing grassy weeds have met their match. No burndown product is more ruthless against problem weeds in spring wheat than new INFERNO™ DUO.  Two active ingredients working together with glyphosate get hard-to-kill weeds like dandelion, hawk’s beard, foxtail barley and Roundup Ready® canola, while giving you longer lasting residual control of grassy weeds like green foxtail and up to two weeks for wild oats.  INFERNO DUO.  It takes burndown to the next level.

BRING THIS AD TO LIFE! HOLD YOUR TABLET / MOBILE DEVICE OVER THIS AD AND WATCH INFERNO DUO DESTROY WEEDS LIVE! DOWNLOAD THE APP AT infernoduoalive.ca


24

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

P7632HR NEW

2200 heat units

• Very good drought tolerance • Above average stalks and root strength • Good husk cover

Your Pioneer Hi-Bred sales representative is out there every day, working the same ground you are. Which gives them the unique expertise needed to recommend the right seed for your acres. They know your weather, your soil conditions

Roundup Ready® is a registered trademark used under license from Monsanto Company. Liberty Link® and the Water Droplet Design are trademarks of Bayer. Herculex® I insect protection technology by Dow AgroSciences and Pioneer Hi-Bred. Herculex® and the HX logo are trademarks of Dow AgroSciences LLC. Pioneer® brand products are provided subject to the terms and conditions of purchase which are part of the labeling and purchase documents. The DuPont Oval Logo is a registered trademark of DuPont. ®, ™, SM Trademarks and service marks licensed to Pioneer Hi-Bred Limited. © 2014, PHL.

FS:10.55” F:10.8”

T:21.6”


T:21.6”

25

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

and your challenges because they’ve faced them too. It’s this type of deep knowledge that makes the DuPont Pioneer team both industry leaders and trusted local advisors. Talk to your local Pioneer Hi-Bred sales representative or visit pioneer.com for more information.

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ALL OF OUR SEED IS FIELD-TESTED. JUST LIKE OUR REPS.


26

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

To spray or not to spray — it’s more than the numbers Deciding what, when, how and even if to control pests is a complex decision By Helen McMenamin co-operator contributor / lethbridge, alta.

T

It’s tough to see bertha army worm chewing on canola, but is it cheaper to let them have their share rather than spraying to control them?

o spray or not to spray? There are published economic thresholds to help you decide, but Nevin Rosaasen suggests making your own calculations. Rosaasen, a research economist with Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development, says every crop has different potential and every farm has its own unique combination of shortand long-term economic and environmental considerations. In a presentation at the Farming Smarter Conference in Lethbridge, Rosaasen used an example from his family’s farm. His brother had found bertha army worm larvae — more than 11 per square metre — in a canola field. According to Alberta

Agriculture figures, it pays to spray if it costs less than $8 per acre and canola sells for $12 a bushel. “Each bertha army worm cuts yield by .058 bushels (3-1/2 pounds),” Rosaasen said. “For my dad, that’s all he needs to hear. He says, ‘Nuke those suckers.’ “My brother has a different opinion. He says, ‘I hate to apply insecticides, I want the option to father healthy kids. How do you put a value on your health?’” There’s also the value of the beneficial insects. “What’s the yield penalty from losing native pollinators in the crop? What about the predators and parasitoids?” Rosaasen asked. “A dragonfly can eat its own weight in insects in 30 minutes. And, this isn’t the only

crop we have to consider — the wheat across the road likely has wheat midge in it — dragonflies can fly over there if we don’t kill them.” But Rosaasen said it’s difficult to come up with firm numbers on the value of beneficial insects, though yield benefits from being close to honeybee hives have bees estimated as high as 47 per cent. He also compared the cost and benefit of different insecticides. He said the least-toxic product to control bertha army worm costs more than twice that of commonly recommended insecticides, but it acts by coating plants with a toxin that only affects insects that feed on the crop.

Crunching the numbers

Rosaasen also thought about the effects of not spraying. “Why not let ’em eat?” he asked. He also considered the potential impact of a yield hit from bertha army worm on their yield history and premiums for crop insurance. With this information, the Rosaasens went back to considering whether spraying would pay. Their operating costs for spraying include variable costs — fuel, labour of the sprayer operator and the water hauler, and others. Fixed costs include a share of the sprayer and associated equipment. This was measured against the “sunk costs” — money already invested. “Fertilizer, seed, herbicide — all the inputs and work you’ve put into a crop to bring it to this point in the year are gone and can’t be recovered,” Rosaasen said. “That number reminds you of what you’re protecting.” Armed with a complete figure for spraying, Rosaasen looked at the complete cost of spraying and chemical for the conventional insecticide and the eco-product. He and his brother guessed they might have twice as many dragonflies and parasitic wasps to keep wheat midge under control with the eco-product and weighed that against its higher cost. They also looked at the cost of aerial spraying compared to doing the job themselves. The high-clearance sprayer tramples some crop, in their case two per cent. That percentage of a 40-bushel crop gave the spray plane a slight advantage, as long as the application was timely. That can be especially important for pre-harvest intervals and for fungicides. The timing of fungicide application against fusarium head blight has almost as big an impact on the bottom line as the decision to treat. Including seemingly extraneous production impacts may seem dubious, but formalizing the process can lead to some surprising decisions if you have definite numbers, Rosaasen said. Based on all those factors, he and his brother decided on the more expensive but environmentally friendly insecticide, and sprayed themselves, ensuring a timely application to control the berthas.


27

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

FARMER'S

MARKETPLACE Call to place your classified ad in the next issue: 1-800-782-0794

Selling?

FAX your classified ads to: 204-954-1422 · Or eMAiL your classified ads to: mbclassifieds@fbcpublishing.com

Classification

index Tributes/Memory Announcements Airplanes Alarms & Security Systems AnTiqueS Antiques For Sale Antique Equipment Antique Vehicle Antiques Wanted Arenas

Your guide to the Classification Categories and sub-listings within this section.

Roofing Building Supplies Buildings Business Machines Business Opportunities BuSineSS SeRViCeS Crop Consulting Financial & Legal Insurance/Investments Butchers Supply Chemicals Clothing/Work wear Collectibles Compressors Computers

AuCTiOn SALeS BC Auction AB Auction Peace AB Auction North AB Auction Central AB Auction South SK Auction MB Auction Parkland MB Auction Westman MB Auction Interlake MB Auction Red River Auction Various U.S. Auctions Auction Schools

COnTRACTinG Custom Baling Custom Feeding Custom Harvest Custom Seeding Custom Silage Custom Spraying Custom Trucking Custom Tub Grinding Custom Work Construction Equipment Dairy Equipment Electrical Engines Entertainment Fertilizer

AuTO & TRAnSpORT Auto Service & Repairs Auto & Truck Parts Autos Trucks Semi Trucks Sport Utilities Vans Vehicles Vehicles Wanted

FARM MAChineRy Aeration Conveyors Equipment Monitors Fertilizer Equip Grain Augers Grains Bins Grain Carts Grain Cleaners Grain Dryers Grain Elevators Grain Handling Grain Testers Grain Vacuums

BeeKeepinG Honey Bees Cutter Bees Bee Equipment Belting Bio Diesel Equipment Books & Magazines BuiLDinG & RenOVATiOnS Concrete Repair Doors & Windows Electrical & Plumbing Insulation Lumber

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hAyinG & hARVeSTinG Baling Equipment Mower Conditioners Swathers

Swather Accessories Haying & Harvesting Various COMBineS Belarus Case/IH Cl Caterpillar Lexion Deutz Ford/NH Gleaner John Deere Massey Ferguson Versatile White Combines Various Combine Accessories Hydraulics Irrigation Equipment Loaders & Dozers Parts & Accessories Salvage Potato & Row Crop Equipment Repairs Rockpickers Snowblowers/Plows Silage Equipment Specialty Equipment

LAnDSCApinG Greenhouses Lawn & Garden LiVeSTOCK CATTLe Cattle Auctions Angus Black Angus Red Angus Aryshire Belgian Blue Blonde d'Aquitaine Brahman Brangus Braunvieh BueLingo Charolais Dairy Dexter Excellerator Galloway Gelbvieh Guernsey Hereford Highland Holstein Jersey Limousin Lowline Luing Maine-Anjou Miniature Murray Grey Piedmontese

SpRAyinG Sprayers Spray Various TiLLAGe & SeeDinG Air Drills Air Seeders Harrows & Packers Seeding Various Tillage Equipment Tillage & Seeding Various TRACTORS Agco Allis/Deutz Belarus Case/IH Caterpillar Ford John Deere Kubota Massey Ferguson

Pinzgauer Red Poll Salers Santa Gertrudis Shaver Beefblend Shorthorn Simmental South Devon Speckle Park Tarentaise Texas Longhorn Wagyu Welsh Black Cattle Composite Cattle Various Cattle Wanted LiVeSTOCK hORSeS Horse Auctions American Saddlebred Appaloosa Arabian Belgian Canadian Clydesdale Draft Donkeys Haflinger Miniature Morgan Mules Norwegian Ford Paint Palomino Percheron Peruvian Pinto Ponies Quarter Horse Shetland Sport Horses Standardbred Tennessee Walker Thoroughbred Warmblood Welsh Horses For Sale Horses Wanted LiVeSTOCK Sheep Sheep Auction Arcott Columbia Dorper Dorset Katahdin Lincoln Suffolk Texel Sheep Sheep For Sale

Sheep Wanted LiVeSTOCK Swine Swine Auction Swine For Sale Swine Wanted LiVeSTOCK poultry Poultry For Sale Poultry Wanted LiVeSTOCK Specialty Alpacas Bison (Buffalo) Deer Elk Goats Llama Rabbits Emu Ostrich Rhea Yaks Specialty Livestock Various Livestock Equipment Livestock Services & Vet Supplies Miscellaneous Articles Miscellaneous Articles Wanted Musical Notices On-Line Services ORGAniC Organic Certified Organic Food Organic Grains Personal Pest Control Pets & Supplies Photography Propane Pumps Radio, TV & Satellite ReAL eSTATe Vacation Property Commercial Buildings Condos Cottages & Lots Houses & Lots Mobile Homes Motels & Hotels Resorts FARMS & RAnCheS British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Pastures Farms Wanted

Acreages/Hobby Farms Land For Sale Land For Rent

Oilseeds Pulse Crops Common Seed Various

ReCReATiOnAL VehiCLeS All Terrain Vehicles Boats & Water Campers & Trailers Golf Carts Motor Homes Motorcycles Snowmobiles Recycling Refrigeration Restaurant Supplies Sausage Equipment Sawmills Scales

FeeD/GRAin Feed Grain Hay & Straw Hay & Feed Wanted Feed Wanted Grain Wanted Seed Wanted Sewing Machines Sharpening Services Silos Sporting Goods Outfitters Stamps & Coins Swap Tanks Tarpaulins Tenders Tickets Tires Tools

SeeD/FeeD/GRAin pedigreed Cereal Seeds Barley Durum Oats Rye Triticale Wheat Cereals Various peDiGReeD FORAGe SeeDS Alfalfa Annual Forage Clover Forages Various Grass Seeds peDiGReeD OiLSeeDS Canola Flax Oilseeds Various peDiGReeD puLSe CROpS Beans Chickpeas Lentil Peas Pulses Various peDiGReeD SpeCiALTy CROpS Canary Seeds Mustard Potatoes Sunflower Specialty Crops Various COMMOn SeeD Cereal Seeds Forage Seeds Grass Seeds

TRAiLeRS Grain Trailers Livestock Trailers Trailers Miscellaneous Travel Water Pumps Water Treatment Welding Well Drilling Well & Cistern Winches COMMuniTy CALenDAR British Columbia Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba CAReeRS Career Training Child Care Construction Domestic Services Farm/Ranch Forestry/Log Health Care Help Wanted Management Mining Oil Field Professional Resume Services Sales/Marketing Trades/Tech Truck Drivers Employment Wanted

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Expiry Date: Signature: _______________________________________________ Published by Farm Business Communications, 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 WINNIPEG OFFICE Manitoba Co-operator 1666 Dublin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1 Toll-Free in Canada 1-800-782-0794 Phone 204-954-1415 in Winnipeg FAX 204-954-1422 Mailing Address: Box 9800, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 3K7

AGREEMENT The publisher reserves the right to refuse any or all advertising for any reason stated or unstated. Advertisers requesting publication of either display or classified advertisements agree that should the advertisement be omitted from the issue ordered for whatever reason, the Manitoba Co-operator shall not be held liable. It is also agreed that in the event of an error appearing in the published advertisement, the Manitoba Co-operator accepts no liability beyond the amount paid for that portion of the advertisement in which the error appears or affects. Claims for adjustment are limited to errors appearing in the first insertion only. While every endeavor will be made to forward box number replies as soon as possible, we accept no liability in respect to loss or damage alleged to a rise through either failure or delay in forwarding such replies, however caused, whether by negligence or otherwise.

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CAUTION The Manitoba Co-operator, while assuming no responsibility for advertisements appearing in its columns, exercises the greatest care in an endeavor to restrict advertising to wholly reliable firms or individuals. However, please do not send money to a Manitoba Co-operator box number. Buyers are advised to request shipment C.O.D. when ordering from an unknown advertiser, thus minimizing the chance of fraud and eliminating the necessity of a refund where the goods have already been sold. At Farm Business Communications we have a firm commitment to protecting your privacy and security as our customer. Farm Business Communications will only collect personal information if it is required for the proper functioning of our business. As part of our commitment to enhance customer service, we may share this personal information with other strategic business partners. For more information regarding our Customer Informa-

TOTAL: ______________________ tion Privacy Policy, write to: Information Protection Officer, Farm Business Communications, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, MB R3H 0H1. Occasionally we make our list of subscribers available to other reputable firms whose products and services might be of interest to you. If you would prefer not to receive such offers, please contact us at the address in the preceding paragraph, or call 1-800-782-0794. The editors and journalists who write, contribute and provide opinions to Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communications attempt to provide accurate and useful opinions, information and analysis. However, the editors, journalists and Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communications, cannot and do not guarantee the accuracy of the information contained in this publication and the editors as well as Manitoba Co-operator and Farm Business Communication assume no responsibility for any actions or decisions taken by any reader for this publication based on any and all information provided.

ADVERTISIng RATES & InfoRMATIon REgulAR ClASSIfIED • Minimum charge — $11.25 per week for first 25 words or less and an additional 45 cents per word for every word over 25. Additional bolding 75 cents per word. GST is extra. $2.50 billing charge is added to billed ads only. • Terms: Payment due upon receipt of invoice. • 10% discount for prepaid ads. If phoning in your ad you must pay with VISA or MasterCard to qualify for discount. • Prepayment Bonus: Prepay for 3 weeks & get a bonus of 2 weeks; bonus weeks run consecutively & cannot be used separately from original ad; additions & changes accepted only during first 3 weeks. • Ask about our Priority Placement. • If you wish to have replies sent to a confidential box number, please add $5.00 per week to your total. Count eight words for your address. Example: Ad XXXX, Manitoba Co-operator, Box 9800, Winnipeg, R3C 3K7. • Your complete name and address must be submitted to our office before publication. (This information will be kept confidential and will not appear in the ad unless requested.) DISplAy ClASSIfIED • Advertising copy deviating in any way from the regular classified style will be considered display and charged at the display rate of $32.20 per column inch ($2.30 per agate line). • Minimum charge $32.20 per week + $5.00 for online per week. • Illustrations and logos are allowed with full border. • Spot color: 25% of ad cost, with a minimum charge of $15.00. • Advertising rates are flat with no discount for frequency of insertion or volume of space used. • Telephone orders accepted • Terms: Payment due upon receipt of invoice. • Price quoted does not include GST. All classified ads are non-commissionable.


28

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

AUCTION DISTRICTS Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.

The Pas

Birch River

Swan River Minitonas Durban

Winnipegosis

Roblin

Dauphin

Grandview

Ashern

Gilbert Plains

Fisher Branch

Ste. Rose du Lac Russell

Parkland

Birtle

Riverton Eriksdale

McCreary

Langruth

Minnedosa Neepawa

Gladstone

Rapid City

Reston Melita

1

Killarney

Pilot Mound Crystal City

Elm Creek

Sanford

Beausejour

Ste. Anne

Carman

Mariapolis

Lac du Bonnet

Winnipeg

Austin Treherne

Westman Boissevain

Stonewall Selkirk

Portage Carberry

Brandon Souris

Waskada

Interlake

Erickson

Hamiota

Virden

Arborg

Lundar Gimli

Shoal Lake

St. Pierre

242

Morris Winkler Morden

Altona

Steinbach

1

Red River

LIVESTOCK/POULTRY/PETS Pets & Supplies Border Collie Pups: Out of good working parents. Over 20 years breeding - pups guaranteed. www.riverhillsranchltd.com Pam McIntyre (204)365-0372 BORDER COLLIE PUPS FOR sale, 4-months old, working parents, on site. $125 ea, delivery neg. to certain areas. No Sunday calls, (204)656-4430, Winnipegosis. BORDER COLLIE reg male pups from rare match of champion bloodlines & working parents, born Sept. 22nd, 2013, $700. First shots, microchip, registration, more. Classic black & white coloring. www.wall2wallsheep.com (204)664-2027

SEED/FEED/CROP INPUTS Pedigreed Cereals Various JAMES FARMS LTD AC Carberry Wheat, Tradition Barley, Souris & Summit Oats, Hanley Flax, Forage seeds, various Canola, Sunflower & Soybean seed varieties. Custom processing, seed treating & delivery avail. Early payment discount. For info call (204)222-8785 or toll free 1-866-283-8785, Wpg.

AUTOS/TRUCKS/TRAILERS Trucks 2003 INTL 9100i 425-HP Cat, 10-SPD, auto-greasor, 20-ft. cancade, safetied. (204)655-3447

THE FOLLOWING PRIVATE LAND is being offered for sale: N1/2 14-29-15W, E1/2 23-29-15W, NE 20-28-15W, NW 23-29-15W, S1/2 25-29-15W, SW 19-29-14W, SW 30-29-14W, SE 19-29-15W. The following Crown lands have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Rural Initiatives for transfer to the purchaser of the private lands listed as these lands are part of the farm unit held by Lorne Bass of Toutes Aides, MB: NW 5-31-14W, SW 5-31-14W, NE 5-31-14W, SW 8-31-14W, SE 8-31-14W, NE 8-31-14W, NW 8-31-14W, SW 18-30-14W, NW 18-30-14W, SE 19-30-14W, SW 19-30-14W, NE 13-30-15W, SE 13-30-15W, SE 24-30-15W, NW 19-29-14W, NE 22-29-14W, SE 22-29-14W, SE 27-29-14W, NE 27-29-14W, NE 34-29-14W, SE 34-29-14W, NW 35-29-14W, SW 35-29-14W, SE 13-29-15W, SW 23-29-15W, NE 18-30-14W, SE 18-30-14W, NW 6-31-14W, SE 6-31-14W, SW 6-31-14W, NE 6-31-14W, NW 36-30-15W, NE 36-30-15W, SE 36-30-15W, NE 24-30-15W, NE 25-30-15W, SE 25-30-15W. If you wish to purchase the private land & apply for the Unit Transfer contact the Lessee Lorne Bass, Box 2, Toutes Aides, MB, R0L 2A0, (204)732-2481. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this Unit Transfer write the Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa, MB R0J 1E0; or Fax (204)867-6578. The following Private Land is being offered for sale: NE 27-23-08W, SE 16-23-08W, NE 10-23-08W, SE 27-23-08W, NW 23-23-08W, SE 23-23-08W, W 1/2 26-23-08W, NE 22-23-08W. The following Crown lands have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Rural Development for transfer to the purchaser of the private lands listed as these lands are part of the ranch unit held by William Lazarowich of Mulvihill, MB. SE 10-23-08W , NE 16-23-08W, NE 22-23-08W, NW 22-23-08W, SE 22-23-08W, SW 22-23-08W, NE 23-23-08W, SW 23-23-08W, NW 27-23-08W, SW 27-23-08W, SE 34-23-08W, SE 35-23-08W, SW 35-23-08W. If you wish to purchase the private land and apply for the Unit Transfer contact the Lessee William Lazarowich at PO Box 2, Grp 15 RR 1 in Mulvihill, MB R0C 2G0. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this Unit Transfer write the Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa MB R0J 1E0; or Fax (204)867-6578.

FARM LAND FOR SALE BY TENDER Sealed, written tenders for property in the RM of Lorne will be received by:

SELBY LAW OFFICE

351 Main St., PO Box 279 Manitou, MB. R0G 1G0 PROPERTY

NW ¼ 11-6-10 WPM Excepting Thereout: Firstly - The Wly 145’ Perp of the Sly 300’ Perp of the Nly 2186.4’ Perp (one acre) Secondly - All Mines and Minerals

FORSBERG MODEL 14 GRAVITY table. Cleans Wheat @ 250-bu/hr, Canola & Flax @ 140-bu/hr. In good condition. $9,500.00 OBO. Phone: (204)471-3418. FARM/CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

Salvage MURPHY SALVAGE New & used parts for tractors, combines, swathers, square & round balers, tillage, press drills & other misc machinery. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727 or toll free 1-877-858-2728.

(being approximately 140 cultivated acres; balance is pasture, bush and river) TENDERS CLOSE: January 31, 2014.

MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS/SERVICES

For further information contact Larry J. Selby at Phone:(204) 242-2801 Fax: (204) 242-2723 Email: selbylaw@mts.net

Crop Consulting

FARM CHEMICAL SEED COMPLAINTS We also specialize in: Crop Insurance appeals; Chemical drift; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equipment malfunction; Yield comparisons, Plus Private Investigations of any nature. With our assistance the majority of our clients have received compensation previously denied. Back-Track Investigations investigates, documents your loss and assists in settling your claim. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For more information Please call 1-866-882-4779

REAL ESTATE/RENTALS Land For Sale FARM LAND FOR SALE: 2,156-ac in R.M. of Westbourne. Call Henry Kuhl:(204)885-5500. Royal LaPage Alliance. LORNE & CHRISTINE HAMBLIN are offering for sale approximately 202-acres of farmland located on River Lots 257, 259 & 261 East of PTH-75 in the RM of Montcalm, described as follows: Title #1698884/1 (Roll #’s 118025, 118150 & 118250)Title #1801487/1 (Roll #118050) Rural water is connected to these properties. CONDITIONS OF OFFER TO PURCHASE. 1) Offers must be received on or before 4:00pm on February 21, 2014. 2) Offers must be accompanied by a 5% deposit payable to Bruce Gregory “in trust.” Deposit cheques accompanying unaccepted offers will be returned. 3) Offers will be reviewed by the Vendors by Feb 24, 2014 & the party whose Offer is accepted will be contacted within 5 business days. 4) Highest or any offer not necessarily accepted. 5) The Purchaser shall be responsible for the payment of GST or shall self-assess for GST. 6) Possession shall be March 31, 2014. 7) The date of closing will be March 31, 2014, at which time the balance of the purchase price will be paid. 8) Tenders are binding upon acceptance & not subject to any conditions precedent. 9) The Vendor will be responsible for the real property taxes on the property up to December 31, 2013. The Purchaser will be responsible for 2014 real property taxes. 10) Title to the land will be transferred free & clear of all encumbrances & liens, except for: a) The following registrations: a. Caveat 195636/1 filed by MTS pursuant to an Easement Agreement b. Caveat 196155/1 filed by MTS pursuant to an Easement Agreement. c. Caveat 2801594/1 filed by MTS pursuant to an Easement Agreement. d. Caveat 80-56842/1 filed by Manitoba Hydro Electric Board pursuant to an Easement Agreement. e. 81-18197/1 filed by Lorne & Christine Hamblin pursuant to an Easement Agreement giving access to title 1801487/1. b) All movable machinery, scrap metal & portable buildings which shall be removed by the vendor by Aug 31, 2014. 11) The deposit of 5% will be forfeited if the successful party does not finalize or complete the terms of the Agreement of Purchase & Sale. 12) The Purchaser relies entirely upon his/her personal inspection & knowledge of the land, independent of the representations made by the Vendor or the Solicitor & Agent of the Vendor. The land will be sold “as is” & the Purchaser is solely responsible to determine the value & condition of the land, land quality, land use, environmental condition & any other information pertaining to the land. Signed & sealed Offers will be received up to 4:00pm on February 21st, 2014 at: Lorne & Chris Hamblin Box 612 Morris, MB. R0G 1K0. Email offers will be accepted at chamblin@mymts.net providing deposit cheque is also received. For more information: call (204)746-3330 or email at above address

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Roofing

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2008 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:55 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,005,456-kms. $39,000.00

75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from.

Land For Sale

FARM/CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

Grain Cleaners

AUTO & TRANSPORT Semi Trucks & Trailers

REAL ESTATE/RENTALS

SEED/FEED/CROP INPUTS Specialty Crops Various

Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., based in Saskatoon, are looking to contract Borage acres for the upcoming 2014 growing season.

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Great profit potential based on yield, prices and low input costs. Attractive oil premiums and free seed delivery and on-farm pick-up. Flexible contracting options available as well. For more information, please contact Carl Lynn P.Ag. of Bioriginal at:

306-229-9976 (cell) 306-975-9295 (office) crops@bioriginal.com

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2009 Kenworth T800 Cummins ISX 525 HP, 18 SP, 4:10 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 196-in Wheel Base, Four-Way Differential Locks, 866,438-kms. $59,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2009 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 18 SP, 3:55 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,145,366-kms. $49,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2010 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 550 HP, 18 SP, 4:10 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 779,362-kms. $65,000.00

AUTO & TRANSPORT AUTO & TRANSPORT Auto & Truck Parts 1995 FORD EXPLORER XLT, loaded, 4-SPD auto, 4L engine, no rust, $1,890 OBO; New Equinox black 1,250-gal tank, Retail: $616, Price $410, 2-yr warranty; New Honda motors, 13-hwp, 20-hwp, or 24-hwp w/warranty, phone for prices. Honda motors on hot special! A&T Sales. Phone: (204)822-1354 or (204)823-1559. GREAT PRICES ON NEW, used & remanufactured engines, parts & accessories for diesel pickups. Large inventory, engines can be shipped or installed. Give us a call or check us out at www.thickettenginerebuilding.ca Thickett Engine Rebuilding. Ph (204)532-2187, Russell MB.

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2012 Peterbilt 386 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:90 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 206-in Wheel Base, Three-Way Differential Locks, Wet Kit, 168,566-kms. $79,000.00

BEEKEEPING BEEKEEPING Bee Equipment STRONG SINGLE HIVES or Nuke for sale. Call Andy Loewen (204)326-1500 or email andyloewen@hotmail.ca

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS

Sat., Jan. 18 @ 10:00 am Stonewall, MB - #12 Patterson Dr

Tools: 24” & 36” Metal Lathe * Milling & Drilling Machine * Access for Lathe & Milling Machine * 2) Miller Syncrowve AC/DC Welders w/ Cooling System * Millermatic WC II Al Welder * Miller 200 Mig Welder * Welding Clamps * Accetylene Torche Port A Spot Arc Welder * Brake Drum Lathe * Drill Press * Hyd Press * Precision Sand Blaster * Ribbon Sander * Delta Disc/Belt Sander * Air Comp * 3HP Dust Collector * Metal Buffers * Manual 12” & 48” Metal Brake * Pipe Benders * Bumper Jack * Anvil * Parts Washer * Work Benches * Power, Air, Hand Tools * Large Amt Antique & Household * Fridge * Stove * Washer * Dryer * Leather Couch * BR Suite Go to the Website for Full Listing!

Stuart McSherry (204) 467-1858 or (204) 886-7027

www.mcsherryauction.com AUCTION SALES Auctions Various

BE AN AUCTIONEER. (507)995-7803 www.auctioneerschool.com

Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2

Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.2 Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW

FOUILLARD STEEL SUPPLIES LTD. ST. LAZARE, MB. 1-800-510-3303

BUILDINGS AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website: www.postframebuilding.com CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069.

FARM MACHINERY Fertilizer Equipment FERTILIZER SPREADERS: 4-TON $1,500, 5-ton $4,000, 6-ton $6,000, 8-ton $7,000-8,000; Vicon 3-PH spreader $450; Valmar 240 $1,500; Valmar PT $5,500; Small Valmar $700. Phone: (204)857-8403.

FARM MACHINERY Grain Bins

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Doors & Windows

BIG BINS & FLOORS at old prices, 20,000-56,000bu. bins holding prices until spring. NEW MOISTURE CABLES! Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

FOR SALE: 1989 MACK truck model R688ST, 350 engine, Eaton 8LL trans, 22.5 tires 60%, wet kit, A/C, not safetied, $9,000 OBO. (204)648-7136

FOR SALE: 12-FT H x 16-ft W insulated overhead door w/track & hardware. $1,500. Phone: (204)364-2252.

CUSTOM BIN MOVING Book now! Fert Tanks. Hopper Bins/flat. Buy/Sell. Call Tim (204)362-7103 or E-mail Requests binmovers@hotmail.com

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 Freightliner Columbia Mercedes 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:90 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 1,184,389-kms. $18,000.00

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Doors & Windows

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Doors & Windows

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 500 HP, 18 SP, 3:73 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Four-Way Differential Locks, 1,428,989-kms. $29,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 475 HP, 13 SP, 3:73 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, 1,409,137-kms. $19,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2006 Volvo 630 D12 465 HP, 18 SP Autoshift, 4:30 Gear Ratio, 14600-lbs Front, 46000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 240-in Wheel Base, 927,814-kms. $27,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2006 Western Star 4900 Mercedes 450 HP, 10 SP Eaton Autoshift, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, New 20-ft Cancade Grain Box, Remote Gate & Hoist, 1,045,311-kms. $65,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2007 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 500 HP, 18 SP, 3:58 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000 lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,356,565-kms. $37,000.00

Serving Manitoba, Saskatchewan, NW Ontario & Alberta....Since 1937 • Quality Commercial/Agricultural/Residential Overhead Doors & Operators. • Aluminum Polycarbonate Doors Available. • Non-Insulated and Insulated Sectional Doors Available. • Liftmaster Heavy Duty Operators. • Mullion Slide Away Centre Posts. • Commercial/Agricultural Steel Man Doors and Frames. • Your washbay door specialists. • Quality Installation & Service. • 24 Hour Service. • Replacement Springs & Cables.

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2007 Western Star 4900SA Detroit 515 HP, 18 SP, 3:91 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 209-in Wheel Base, Four-Way Differential Locks, New Rebuilt Engine, 759,564-kms. $40,000.00

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions

Phone: 204-326-4556 Fax: 204-326-5013 Toll Free: 1-855-326-4556 www.reimeroverheaddoors.com email: kurtis@reimeroverheaddoors.com AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake McSherry Auction Service Ltd

B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2

AUTO & TRANSPORT Semi Trucks & Trailers

AUCTION SALES

Welding Shop Close Out Along w/Estate

PRICE TO CLEAR!!

Before auction day, you need the

Spring 2014 Auction Guide. Every year, more farmers are choosing Ritchie Bros. Auctioneers to conduct their farm auctions. Showcase your agricultural equipment & real estate in our Spring 2014 Auction Guide and maximize your exposure. The deadline to be included is February 6, 2014. I would like to take this time to thank everyone for your loyal patronage. Call me today for a free, no hassle, proposal: Daryl Martin Agricultural Territory Manager Manitoba dmartin@rbauction.com | 306.421.5066

rbauction.com | 800.491.4494

AUCTION SALES Saskatchewan Auctions


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

FARM MACHINERY Grain Dryers

FARM MACHINERY Snowblowers, Plows

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

NEW MC DRYERS IN STOCK w/canola screens 300-2,000 BPH units. Why buy used, when you get new fuel efficient & better quality & control w/MC. Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

FOR SALE: BUHLER ALLIED 9620 Snowblower 8-ft., 2 augers, 3-PTH, $3,000. Phone (204)534-6850.

24-FT OCEAN STORAGE CONTAINER, excellent shape, asking $3850, can be delivered; 45-ft extendable Hallin semi rafter trailer, good shape, asking $3900; Case 730 gas tractor, good tires, 3-PTH, w/7-ft Allied snowblower, asking $3700; 48-ft Fruehauf semi storage trailer, good condition, asking $4000. (204)728-1861

SUKUP Grain Dryers For Sale: 1 or 3 ph, LP/NG, canola screens. Discount pricing now in effect. Call for more info (204)998-9915

FARM MACHINERY Grain Elevators 80-FT. BUCKET ELEVATING LEG w/3 phase 10-HP electric motor. Phone (204)886-3304.

Combine ACCessories FARM MACHINERY Combine – Accessories

Tillage & Seeding FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Air Seeders 8800 BOURGAULT 40-FT AIR Drill, Poly Packers, Harrows, 8-in Spacing, 3225 TBH Cart, $32,000. Call (204)825-8121.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Various BOURGAULT 42-FT 9200, CP, Harrows, $21,000. Call (204)825-8121. CARBIDE DRILL POINTS & openers for air drills. VW Manufacturing Ltd Dunmore (Medicine Hat) (403)528-3350 US: Loren Hawks Chester, Montana (406)460-3810 www.vwmfg.com FOR SALE: KUHN ROTOSPIKE tiller w/crumbler, 9-ft. 6-in. wide, 3-pt., 1000 PTO, 2-SPD gear box, great for breaking land up, $6,000 OBO. (204)648-7136

HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595 charles@arcfab.ca www.arcfab.ca

JD 1770 16 ROW 30-in. planter, 1 season on discs, new chain & bearings on drive shaft, liquid fertilizer, $46,000. (204)746-4555.

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB.

Harvest Salvage Co. Ltd. 1-866-729-9876 5150 Richmond Ave. East BRANDON, MB. www.harvestsalvage.ca New, Used & Re-man. Parts

TracTors FARM MACHINERY Tractors – John Deere

Tractors Combines Swathers

FOR SALE: 1979 JOHN Deere 4440 tractor w/148 loader w/8-ft bucket, duals (shedded, good shape) Phone: (204)748-1024.

The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

FOR SALE: JD 2950 MFWD, 3-pt., painted, w/265 FEL; JD 4250 MFWD, powershift w/o FEL; JD 4440 Quad, fact duals; JD 4450 2WD, 3-pt.,15-SPD; JD 4450 MFWD, 15-SPD; JD 4450 MFWD, Quad; JD 6430 MFWD, 3-pt., 20-SPD w/LHR, premium, 5,000-hrs; JD 7720 MFWD, 3-pt., 20-SPD w/LHR, w/746 FEL, grapple. All tractors can be sold w/new or used loaders. Mitch’s Tractor Sales Ltd. St. Claude, MB. Call: (204)750-2459. mitchstractorsales.com

WATROUS SALVAGE WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444

FYFE PARTS

1-800-667-9871 • Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 • Edmonton “For All Your Farm Parts”

www.fyfeparts.com NEW & USED TRACTOR PARTS NEW COMBINE PARTS Large Inventory of new and remanufactured parts

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Versatile

Big Tractor Parts, Inc. Geared For The Future

STEINBACH, MB. Ph. 326-2443 Toll-Free 1-800-881-7727 Fax (204) 326-5878 Web site: farmparts.ca E-mail: roy@farmparts.ca

30-FT WHITE TANDEM DISC, new front blades, also a New Holland 116 Haybine. Phone Jack: (204)526-2857. Holland, MB.

GRAINVACS BRANDT 4500, $7500; Rem 552, $3000; Rem 2500HD, $9500; Walinga 510, $950; 8x30 auger, $900; New 9-ft 3-PTH blade, $950; 10ft box scraper, $2250; 12-ft, $2450; 12-ft Leon front blade, $3500; 10-ft Leon blade, $2000; 150-bu Snowco feeder cart, $750; Sudenga weigh-wagon digital scale, $3500; Haybuster bale shredder, $6000. Phone (204)857-8403.

GRAVITY WAGONS NEW 400-BU, $7100; 600-bu, $12,000; Double compartment type & tarps available used. 750-bu Parker, $14,000; JM750, $14,500; Parker 500, $6000; Parker 616-bu, $10,500; Kilbros 375, $3000; 250-bu Daicon, $2500; Grain carts 450-1100-bu large selection priced to sell. Phoenix Harrow, $9500; Mixmills Artsway, $1500; Henke 36-in rollermill, $5000; Champion rollermill 20-in, $2000. Phone (204)857-8403.

QUONSET NEW IN CRATE, 35x52x18, $20,000; JD dozer blade w/guard fits 8970 16-ft. 6 way, $15,000; MF 860 & 20-ft. straight cut, $7,000; Ford 5000 w/loader, $6,500; Vac sewer tank & pump, $14,000; Rotex SR7 power parachute 300-hrs, for parts, $3,000; Tree Farmer skidder $4,500; Bison head squeeze, $4,500; 2004 Rumble Bee short box, $11,500; D5H Cat 34 pads; pair of sheep shears. OBO. Downsizing! (306)236-8023.

REDUCED: 2005 Case MX285 PWR shift, 4 hyd, 3-pt. w/quick hitch, 1000 PTO, front fenders, R46 rear duals, R34 front tires, has 4,200-hrs, was $102,000 now $89,900; 2011 Sitrex MK 16 V rake, like new; 1980 JD 644B hay loader, 3.5-yd bucket, good tires, runs excellent, 140-HP, was $20,000 now $17,500. (204)425-3518

SNOWBLOWERS: LORENTZ HEAVY DUTY 8-ft $1,700, JD 7-ft $1,500, 8-ft single auger $1,000, 6-ft V-type $250; Skidsteer NH 865LX $12,900; 6x16 bumper pull stock trailer $3,000, 6x16 GN $3,500; Powder River squeeze chute $1,600; 10-in skidsteer tracks $750; Tractor cab $600; Balzer forage wagon front conveyor $3,000; Harsh 350 Auger feed cart $5,000. Phone:(204)857-8403.

1-800-982-1769 www.bigtractorparts.com

NEXT BRED COW SALE Monday, January 27

NEXT SHEEP & GOAT SALE Wednesday, January 22 @ 1:00 pm Gates Open: Mon.-Wed. 8AM-4PM Thurs. 8AM-10PM Friday 8AM-6PM Sat. 8AM-4PM

We have 7 to 10 local buyers and orders and 7 to 8 regular order buyers on our market.

“Where Buyers & Sellers Meet” For more information call: 204-694-8328 Jim Christie 204-771-0753 Scott Anderson 204-782-6222 Mike Nernberg 204-807-0747

www.winnipeglivestocksales.com Licence #1122

BRED COW SALE GLADSTONE AUCTION MART

for Southridge Land & Cattle CO of Gladstone, MB Friday, January 24th at 11:00am 225 cross bred cows Bred Black & Red Simmental & Black Angus Bulls where exposed July 1st Plus 30 mostly Black Bred heifers Heifers are bred Black Simmental & Black Angus Bulls where exposed to the heifers May 10th The heifers have Ivomec, A D & MUSE Most of the cows will be age verified For more info phone the mart at (204)385-2537 Dave Nickel Auctioneer (204)637-3393 License # 1108

GRUNTHAL LIVESTOCK AUCTION MART. LTD. Hwy #205, Grunthal • (204) 434-6519

GRUNTHAL, MB.

REGULAR CATTLE SALES

43 BLACK ANGUS X 1 Iron bred heifers calving Apr/May, $1,300. 39 Black Angus X 1 Iron breeding heifers, $900. Phone Marcel (204)981-6953, Oak Bluff. CRANBERRY CREEK ANGUS REGISTERED bulls for sale. Sired by HF Tiger 5T, SAV Pioneer, Cranberry CRK Dynamite, Cranberry CRK Highlander, J Square S Tiger. Bulls are easy doing with great dispositions. Hand fed for longevity. Semen tested, guaranteed & delivered. Will hold until the end of April. All weights & EPD’s available. Call (204)534-2380, or cranberrycreek27@gmail.com for more info, David & Jeanette Neufeld, Boissevain FOR SALE: 2 1/2-yr old Black Angus bull, sired by Iron Mountain. Asking $2,800 OBO. Phone: (204)743-2145 or (204)526-5298. FOR SALE: REGISTERED BLACK Angus heifers, bred to calving ease Black Angus bull, to start calving in April. Also Registered polled Hereford heifers bred to Hereford bull. Call Don (204)873-2430

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Red Angus DB MICHIELS RED ANGUS PB 2-yr old bulls for sale. Catalogue information available by email. Yearling bulls & heifers also for sale. Contact Dale:(204)723-0288 or Brian:(204)526-0942. Holland, MB. Email: dbmredangus@gmail.com

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais FOR SALE: PUREBRED CHAROLAIS bulls, 2-yr old, 1 1/2-yr old & yearlings. Polled, some Red Factor, some good for heifers, semen tested in spring, guaranteed & delivered. R & G McDonald Livestock, Sidney MB. (204)466-2883, (204)724-2811. PB BULLS & HEIFER calves born Feb & Mar. Also 1 1/2-yr old bulls. Phone Jack: (204)526-2857. Holland, MB.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Hereford FOR SALE: REGISTERED POLLED Hereford Heifers, bred to calving ease Hereford bull, to start calving in April. Also Registered Black Angus heifers bred to Black Angus bull. Call Don (204)873-2430 POLLED HEREFORD & BLACK ANGUS bulls for sale. Yearlings & 2-yr olds available, natural muscled bulls developed w/high forage rations. Semen tested, delivery available. Call Don Guilford (204)873-2430.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Holstein

every TUESDAY at 9 am

Jan 21st & 28th

HEAT & AIR CONDITIONING

The Icynene Insulation System® • Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®

STEIGER TRACTOR SPECIALIST

RED OR GREEN 1. 10-25% savings on new replacement parts for your Steiger drive train. 2. We rebuild axles, transmissions and dropboxes with ONE YEAR WARRANTY. 3. 50% savings on used parts.

REGULAR BUTCHER & FEEDER SALE

19TH ANNUAL CATTLEMAN’S CONNECTION BULL SALE, March 7, 2014, 1:00pm, Heartland Livestock, Brandon, MB. Selling 100 yearling Black Angus Bulls. For catalogue or more information call: Brookmore Angus, Jack Hart (204)476-2607 or (204)476-6696, email at brookmoreangus@gmail.com; quest consignor, HBH Farms, manager Barb Airey (204)566-2134, (204)761-1851, email rbairey@hotmail.com Sales Mgmt: Doug Henderson (403)350-8541 or (403)782-3888.

AGENT FOR T.E.A.M. MARKETING

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – 2 Wheel Drive

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Various

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus

Every Friday 9AM

FOR SALE:1985 836 Designation 6. Very nice condition, next to new radial tires all around, 15-spd trans, w/PTO. Asking $35,000 OBO. Phone: (204)743-2145 or (204)526-5298.

STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions

Monday, January 27th Sheep & Goat Sale with Small Animals 12:00 Noon

Sales Agent for

HIQUAL INDUSTRIES

We also have a line of Agri-blend all natural products for your livestock needs. (protein tubs, blocks, minerals, etc)

For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call

Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519 MB. Livestock Dealer #1111

REGISTERED HOLSTEINS FOR SALE Open & Springing Heifers from good proven bulls. Call Henry. No Sunday calls please. (807)628-6294

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Simmental 31 RED FACTOR SIMMENTAL heifers, bred to proven light birth weight (75lbs) black bull. To start calving Mid-April. Got all vaccinations, Ivomec’d & preg-checked. $1,600/each for the lot. Riverbank Farms, Ray Cormier. Phone:(204)736-2608. FOR SALE: 21 TOP quality bred Simmental cows & heifers. All very quiet, no culls, start calving Feb 25, bred to son of Metro 4E, son of Hook Shear Force 38K. Reason for selling: sold the farm. Selling in one lot for $1,500/each. Call Andre Mangin, evening: (204)828-3446.

WWW.GRUNTHALLIVESTOCK.COM www.penta.ca

1-800-587-4711

Stretch your ADVERTISING DOLLAR!

1-800-782-0794

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Angus HAMCO CATTLE CO- The Hamiltons at Glenboro, MB have for sale a strong group of Red & Black Angus bred heifers & cows, bred to easy calving bulls, due to calve Mar-Jun. Very good vaccanation program. For more info, contact Albert, Glen, or Larissa Hamilton:(204)827-2358 or (204)526-0705 or David Hamilton:(204)822-3054.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus

A great way to Buy and Sell without the ef for t.

BLACK ANGUS & POLLED HEREFORD bulls for sale. Yearlings & 2-yr olds available, natural muscled bulls developed w/high forage rations. Semen tested, delivery available. Call Don Guilford (204)873-2430.

Classifieds

The Key to your success..... Prepayment Bonus

Prepay your regular word classified ad for 3 weeks and your ad will run an additional 2 consecutive weeks for free! Call Our Customer Service Representatives To Place Your Ad Today!

Outside Winnipeg: 1-800-782-0794 Winnipeg: 954-1415 Manitoba’s best-read farm publication

1-800-782-0794


30

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

save! Renew early and

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Simmental

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted

FOR SALE: REGISTERED FULL-BLOOD Simmental cows, closed herd, calving from late DecApr, would preg-check. Phone:(204)720-3103.

WANTED: ALL CLASSES OF feeder cattle, yearlings & calves. Dealer Licence# 1353. Also wanted, light feed grains: wheat, barley & oats. Phone:(204)325-2416, Manitou.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various

30 RED ANGUS X Simm heifers bred Red Angus, exposed May 16th-Aug 9th, closed herd, all vaccinations. Also 3 Red Angus herd sires. (204)564-2699, Inglis. BRED HEIFERS 20 RED & 73 Black Angus & Angus cross bred heifers, full health program, bred to proven easy calving bulls. Exposed 60 days maximum, starting June 14th. Choice $1500, all $1450. Cell (306)434-6980, Home (204)683-2208 zi23@mynetset.ca St. Lazare, MB. FOR SALE: 60 RED & Black Angus cross young cows, $1185 each. Phone (204)937-4683, Roblin, MB. LOOKING FOR SOMEONE TO take delivery of bred cows in March, start calving Apr 15th & feed calve & grass till Fall. Call Dale (204)638-5581, Dauphin.

Call, email or mail us today!

1·800·782·0794

Email: subscription@fbcpublishing.com

BRED COW SALE at 10:30 am Monday, January 27

Your expiry date is located on your publication's mailing label.

• 70 Black and Red Angus Cows Bred Black. April, May, June Calving. • 25 Mixed Cows - March, April Calving. Bred Limousin

Canadian Subscribers

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❑ 1 Year: $55.44* ❑ 2 Years $96.00*

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“PREMIUM PRICES FOR PREMIUM CATTLE”

LIVESTOCK/POULTRY/PETS

www.winnipeglivestocksales.com

285 LUCKNOW MIXER WAGON complete w/scale, always shedded, well maintained, like new condition, $15,000. Phone (204)967-2157

For more information call: 204-694-8328 Scott Anderson: 204-782-6222 Mike Nernberg: 204-807-0747 Licence #1122

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted

TIRED OF THE HIGH COST OF MARKETING YOUR CALVES?? 300-700 LBS. Steers & Heifers Rob: 528-3254, 724-3400 Ben: 721-3400

Livestock Equipment

ALTERNATIVE POWER BY SUNDOG SOLAR, portable/remote solar water pumping for winter/summer. Call for pricing on solar systems, wind generators, aeration. Carl Driedger, (204)556-2346 or (204)851-0145, Virden. HEAVY BUILT STEEL CATTLE troughs/feeders good for any feed or water, 3.5-ft x 16-ft, 500-gal. capacity, no sharp edges, weight 1400-lbs & are indesructable. Phone (204)362-0780, Morden. KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763.

12V. or Hydraulic Electronic Scale Opt.

Contact: D.J. (Don) MacDonald Livestock Ltd. License #1110

ORGANIC

LIVESTOCK Sheep Wanted

ORGANIC Organic – Grains

We Buy Sheep, Lamb and Goats Direct On Farm

Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., based in Saskatoon, is actively buying Organic Flax from the 2013 crop year.

1 877 695 2532 www.ezefeeder.ca

www.winnipeglivestocksales.com Licence #1122

WANTED: young bred cows or heifers to calve Apr.-May. ALSO WANTED: 23.1x34 tractor tires. Phone (204)278-3438

For more information call: 204-694-8328 Mike Nernberg 204-807-0747

www.winnipeglivestocksales.com Licence #1122

CROSS HILL SIMMENTALS Consigned to Heartland Livestock, Brandon, MB. Thursday, January 30th 100+ Simmental cows, most 3-5 yrs of age. Bred Red factor Simmental & Fleckvieh Exposed May 11th, 2013 30+ Simmental heifers, bred Red Angus Exposed May 21st, 2013 For more information or on farm viewing contact Perry (204)585-5370 or Ryan (204)867-0335.

Payment Enclosed

Specialty

We come out to your farm and price cattle towards condition and quality we pay

For more information or to leave an order call: 204-694-8328 or 204-807-0747

WANTED FOR CASH LEASE, 30-40 younger cows or bred heifers. Prefer Simmental or Gelbvieh cross, spring calvers, references available. Phone Roblin, (204)937-4923, (204)937-0889.

ATTACH YOUR MAILING LABEL HERE

P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123

WE BUY CATTLE DIRECT ON FARM

800-1000 LBS. Steers & Heifers Don: 528-3477, 729-7240

This sale will feature:

M S E R : 12345 2010/12 PUB John Smith C o m p a n y Name 123 E x a m ple St. T o w n , P r o vince, POSTAL CODE

WANTED: BUTCHER HOGS SOWS AND BOARS FOR EXPORT

WANTED FOR CASH LEASE, 30-40 younger cows or bred heifers. Prefer Simmental or Gelbvieh cross, spring calvers, references available. Phone Roblin, (204)937-4923, (204)937-0889.

30 QUIET EXCEPTIONAL RED Angus Simm X & RA Char X cows bred Simm & Limo to start calving Mar 15th. All cows home raised from closed herd & can be age verified. Weaned calves still on farm for viewing. Call (204)871-1588, anytime.

Renew your subscription to the Manitoba Co-operator for 2 years BEFORE we mail your renewal notice, and we'll extend your subscription by 2 additional months. That's 26 months for the price of 24. OR - Renew for one year and receive 13 months for the price of 12!

LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted

If interested, please send an 8lb sample* to the following address: Attn: Sandy Jolicoeur Bioriginal Food & Science Corp. 102 Melville Street Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7J 0R1 *Please state the Variety & Quantity for Sale

For more information, please contact Sandy at:

306-975-9251 306-975-1166 purchasing@bioriginal.com

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If you're not the owner/operator of a farm are you: q In agri-business (bank, elevator, ag supplies etc.) q Other total farm size (including rented land)_______________ Year of birth________ q I’m farming or ranching q I own a farm or ranch but i'm not involved in it's operations or management

My Main crops are: No. of acres 1. Wheat ____________ 2. Barley ____________ 3. Oats ____________ 4. Canola ____________ 5. Flax ____________ 6. Durum ____________ 7. Rye ____________ 8. Peas ____________ 9. Chick Peas ____________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 1. Registered Beef ____________ 2. Commercial Cow ____________ 3. Fed Cattle (sold yearly) ____________ 4. Hog Weaners (sold yearly) __________

My Main crops are: No. of acres 10. Lentils ___________ 11. Dry Beans ___________ 12. Hay ___________ 13. Pasture ___________ 14. Summerfallow ___________ 15. Alfalfa ___________ 16. Forage Seed ___________ 17. Mustard ___________ 18. Other (specify) ___________ Livestock Enterpise No. of head 5. Hog farrow-to-finish (# sows) ______ 6. Finished Pigs (sold yearly) _________ 7. Dairy Cows ___________ 8. Other Livestock (specify) __________

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WELL LOCATED FARM ONLY 20-min from Virden extending to 311-acs. Approximately 240-acs is presently in cultivation & 50-acs of pasture. The farmhouse is older but is in excellent condition. First class range of farm buildings. Tel: Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753. HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc. www.homelifepro.com

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted GOOD QUALITY GRAIN & Cattle Farms wanted for Canadian & Overseas Clients. For a confidential meeting to discuss the possible sale of your farm or to talk about what is involved, telephone Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 www.homelifepro.com or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753, www.homelifepro.com Home Professional Realty Inc. REQUIRE FARMS FOR LOCAL & European buyers grain land with or without bldgs, sheep farms, cattle ranches, suburban properties, or just open land, acreages, houses, cottages. Call Harold (204)253-7373 Delta R.E. www.manitobafarms.ca

REAL ESTATE Land For Rent WANTED: LOOKING FOR CROPLAND in Argyle, Stonewall, Selkirk, Warren, Balmoral, Grosse Isle, St Francis, Elie, & surrounding area. Please call Deric (204)513-0332, leave msg.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES Snowmobiles FOR SALE: 1975 440 TNT Ski-doo engine & driveline okay; 1977 340 TNT RV Free Air Race engine for parts. Bill (204)567-3782.

RECYCLING

BuyUsed Used Oil Oil ••Buy NOTRE •• Buy Buy Batteries Batteries DAME ••Collect CollectUsed Used Filters Filters • Collect Oil Containers • Collect Oil Containers USED • Antifreeze OIL & Southern,Southern Eastern, and Manitoba Western Western FILTER Manitoba DEPOT Tel: 204-248-2110 PEDIGREED SEED Forage – Various CONVENTIONAL AND ROUNDUP ready grazing corn. Early maturing, leafier for increased grazing yield for ruminant livestock including cattle, sheep, bison & wildlife food plots. CanaMaize Seed Inc. 1-877-262-4046 www.canamaize.com

SEED/FEED/CROP INPUTS

CAREERS Professional

CAREERS Help Wanted

WE BUY OATS Call us today for pricing Box 424, Emerson, MB R0A 0L0 204-373-2328 *6-Row* *6-Row* Celebration Celebration&& Tradition Tradition

MALT BARLEY BARLEY MALT

We feed feed wheat, Webuy buy feedbarley, barley, feed wheat, MALT BARLEY MALT BARLEY oats, corn oats,soybeans, soybeans, corn & canola canola *6-Row* *6-Row* Celebration&&Tradition Tradition Celebration COME SEE IN COME SEEUS US AT AT AG AG DAYS DAYS IN WeTHE buyfeed feedbarley, barley, feed feed wheat, CONVENTION HALL We buy wheat, THE CONVENTION HALL oats,soybeans, soybeans, corn & & canola canola oats, BOOTH corn 1309

BOOTH 1309

COMESEE SEEUS USAT ATAG AG DAYS DAYS IN IN COME THECONVENTION CONVENTION HALL HALL THE BOOTH1309 1309 BOOTH

2013 Malt Contracts Available 2013 Malt Contracts Available Box 238 Letellier, MB. R0G 1C0 Box 238 Letellier, MB. R0G 1C0 Phone 204-737-2000 Phone 204-737-2000 Toll-Free 1-800-258-7434 2013Toll-Free Malt Contracts Available 1-800-258-7434 2013 Malt Available Agent: M &Contracts J Weber-Arcola, SK. Box 238 Letellier, MB. R0G 1C0 Agent: M & J Weber-Arcola, SK. Box 238 Letellier, MB. R0G 1C0 Phone 306-455-2509 Phone 306-455-2509 204-737-2000 Phone Phone 204-737-2000 Toll-Free 1-800-258-7434 Toll-Free 1-800-258-7434 Agent: M & J Weber-Arcola, SK. We are of farm grains. Agent: Mbuyers & J Weber-Arcola, SK. Phone 306-455-2509 Phone 306-455-2509

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY: SILVER WEANLINGS is looking for a F/T swine technician. Silver Weanlings is a 2,800 sow unit located 7-mi SW of Arborg, MB. Weekend work will be required. Experience an asset, but not required. Starting wage $14.25/hour. Please forward all resumes to silwean@gmail.com GARDENER/HARVESTER REQUIRED FOR VEGETABLE farm near Carman, MB. Duties may include seeding, transplanting, hoeing, harvesting, washing & packing vegetables. Outdoors, stoop labour, variable hours, minimum wage. Full-time April through September. Dufferin Market Gardens, phone (204)745-3077, fax (204)745-6193.

CAREERS Professional

DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS & MEMBER RELATIONS Carman, MB

The Manitoba Pulse Growers Association Inc. (MPGA) is seeking an energetic, self-motivated, organized individual for a twelve (12) month Director of Communications & Member Relations term position based in Carman, MB. Major job areas and responsibilities include initiating, developing and executing all communication and member relation activities, with a focus on showing MPGA members value through print materials, events, website, market development opportunities and more. The ideal candidate will be a self-starter; possess strong communication, creative and interpersonal skills; and have the ability to incorporate brand imaging across an array of projects. Knowledge of agriculture and the pulse industry is an asset. For a more detailed job description, further information or to submit a resume, contact Sandy Robinson at (204) 745-6488 | fax (204) 745-6213 | e-mail sandy@manitobapulse.ca.

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

APPLICATION DEADLINE IS JANUARY 31, 2014

EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

MALT BARLEY

SELLING OR BUYING a farm, see our Booth at Ag Days in Brandon. Free draw for weekend for two at the Royal Oak hotel in Brandon. Tel: Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753.

CAREERS Professional

CAREERS

*6-Row* Celebration & Tradition We buy feed barley, feed wheat, oats, soybeans, corn & canola

nitoba

EXCELLENT LIVESTOCK FARM EXTENDING to 1,578 deeded acres with 4,425-acs of Crown Land. All the land is fenced & the farm has very good buildings & metal corral system. The farm can carry up to 400-450 cow calf pairs. There is a small bungalow home. Tel: Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753. HomeLife Home Professional Realty Inc. www.homelifepro.com

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Grain Wanted

COME SEE US AT AG DAYS IN THE CONVENTION HALL BOOTH 1309

es Containers

REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Manitoba

2013 Malt Contracts Available Box 238 Letellier, MB. R0G 1C0 Phone 204-737-2000 Toll-Free 1-800-258-7434 Agent: M & J Weber-Arcola, SK. Phone 306-455-2509

D OIL OT

31

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

  • Vomi wheat    • Vomi barley   • Feed wheat    • Feed barley   • Feed oats    • Corn   • Screenings    • Peas   • Light Weight Barley You can deliver or we can arrange for farm pickup. Winnipeg 233-8418 Brandon 728-0231 Grunthal 434-6881 “Ask for grain buyer.”

FARMERS, RANCHERS, SEED PROCESSORS BUYING ALL FEED GRAINS Heated/Spring Threshed Lightweight/Green/Tough, Mixed Grain - Barley, Oats, Rye, Flax, Wheat, Durum, Lentils, Peas, Canola, Chickpeas, Triticale, Sunflowers, Screenings, Organics and By-Products √ ON-FARM PICKUP √ PROMPT PAYMENT √ LICENSED AND BONDED SASKATOON, LLOYDMINSTER, LETHBRIDGE, VANCOUVER, MINNEDOSA

1-204-724-6741

Holland, MB Zeghers Seed Inc. is a food grains Processing and Packaging facility. We are currently looking to to fill a Part-time or Full-time

ADMINISTRATIVE POSITION

Experience with Microsoft office, data entry, accounting software, and reception are definite assets. Eligible employee would receive training in the required fields needed to be successful. Applicants can email resumes to Email: shawnz@zeghersseed.com Fax: 1-204-526-2145

www.zeghersseed.com

FARMING IS ENOUGH OF A GAMBLE...

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Crop Production Services Canada is a division of Agrium (www.Agrium.com), and one of the largest farm market retailers in North America. Our mission is to be the trusted and recognized leader in the agricultural industry, the first choice for every customer and producer. Make the move to join our more than 8000 employees across Canada and the US and begin growing your career now. Our Fannystelle Ag Retail is currently recruiting for a

FACILITY ASSISTANT

to join our team. The successful candidate must have a valid driver’s license, customer service skills and a flexible working schedule. Experience is a definite asset, but will train.

Holland, MB Zeghers Seed Inc. is a food grains Processing and Packaging facility. We are currently looking for

PROCESSING AND PACKAGING PERSONNEL

Experience in production, safety, agriculture, are definite assets but is not necessary. Eligible employ would receive full training in operations, quality, food safety, and personal safety. Applicants can email resumes to Email: shawnz@zeghersseed.com Fax: 1-204-526-2145

www.zeghersseed.com

Interested applicants should send their resume in confidence directly to (PO Box 116 Fannystelle, MB R0G 0P0 Fax: 204-436-2156 Ph: 204-436-2625 Email: Jason.Fillion@cpsagu.ca) Interested applicants may also go to www.cpsagu.com and click on ‘careers’ for online application. Reference # 177763-001

Watch your profits grow! Prepayment Bonus Prepay your regular word classified ad for 3 weeks and your ad will run an additional 2 consecutive weeks for free! Call Our Customer Service Representatives To Place Your Ad Today!

Outside Winnipeg: 1-800-782-0794 Winnipeg: 954-1415

Common Forage Seeds FOR SALE: ALFALFA, TIMOTHY, Brome, Clover, hay & pasture blends, millet seed, Crown, Red Prozo. Free Delivery on Large Orders, if Ordered Early. Leonard Friesen, (204)685-2376, Austin, MB. FOR SALE: ORGANIC SAINFOIN seed. Called “Healthy Hay” in Europe. (sainfoin.eu) An ancient, non-bloating, nutritious, low input, perennial forage loved by all animals. Better flavored meat & dairy. (306)739-2900 primegrains.com/prime-sainfoin.htm jhusband@primegrains.com

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Straw DAIRY BEEF & HORSE hay for sale in large squares, delivery available. Phone (204)827-2629 or (204)526-7139 FOR SALE 1ST & 2nd cut alfalfa hay. 100-200 RFV in 3x3 medium square bales. Harry Pauls (204)242-2074, (204)825-7180 cell, La Riviere, MB. FOR SALE: LARGE ROUND bales, Alfalfa/Timothy, seen some rain, priced to sell. Call (204)585-5370, Sandy Lake, MB. LARGE ROUND WHEAT STRAW bales, trucking available. Phone:(204)325-2416. Manitou.

SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Grain Wanted WANTED: GOOD QUALITY HEMP seed, immediate payment. Call (204)218-7425.

Vanderveen Commodity Services Ltd. Licensed and Bonded Grain Brokers

37 4th Ave. NE Carman, MB R0G 0J0 Ph. (204) 745-6444 Email: vscltd@mts.net Andy Vanderveen · Brett Vanderveen Jesse Vanderveen

A Season to Grow… Only Days to Pay!

BUYING:

HEATED & GREEN CANOLA • Competitive Prices • Prompt Movement • Spring Thrashed “ON FARM PICK UP”

1-877-250-5252

Manitoba’s best-read farm publication

TRAILERS Grain Trailers

1-800-782-0794

2004 LODE KING SUPER B, open end grain trailers, 11x22.5 tires 70%, air ride, safetied, good condition, asking $32,500. Phone (204)857-1700, Gladstone, MB.

TRAILERS Livestock Trailers EXISS ALUMINUM LIVESTOCK TRAILERS 2013 Stock on sale - only three units left. Mention ad & receive a $1,000 rebate on 2013 models. 7-ft wide x 20-ft, 18-ft, 16-ft lengths. 10 Year Warranty. 24-ft available in March. SOKAL INDUSTRIES LTD. Phone: (204)334-6596, Email: sokalind@mymts.net

TRAILERS Trailers Miscellaneous ADVANTAGE AUTO & TRAILER: Livestock, Horse & Living quarter, Flat deck, Goosenecks, Tilts, Dumps, Cargos, Utilities, Ski-doo & ATV, Dry Van & Sea Containers. Call today. Over 250 in stock. Phone:(204)729-8989. In Brandon on the Trans-Canada Hwy. www.aats.ca

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32

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

MORE NEWS

Search Canada’s top agriculture publications… with just a click. Network SEARCH

LOC A L, NATIONA L A ND INTERNATIONA L NEWS

Gulf states seek food security in Europe and U.S. Past African farmland purchases ran into political controversies By Maha El Dahan ABU DHABI / REUTERS

“Rather than greenfield investments in Africa, the focus is more on putting money in already established agro-producers.”

T

he desert states of the Gulf are changing tack in their multibilliondollar search for food security. With their farming projects in some of the poorest African nations sometimes arousing local hostility, wealthy Arab investors are turning to those developed countries that comfortably produce more food than they consume. United Arab Emirates-based agricultural firm Al Dahra chose this path in March, buying eight agricultural companies for $400 million in Serbia, a major food exporter where public attitudes to foreign-owned farming may be less sensitive. Projects in Europe, North America and Australasia tend to be more expensive and offer less scope to build vast estates like in Africa. But they also present fewer political problems and less risk for the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait which all need to feed growing populations. For years the Gulf states, dependent on imports for 80 to 90 per cent of their food, poured cash into buying tens of thousands of hectares of cheap farmland and other agricultural assets in the developing world, mainly Africa. They hoped these investments would give them direct access to big food production bases, insulating them from global swings in food prices. But the reality has proved difficult. Some of the African projects have drawn accusations that Arab investors are grabbing land that should be used to feed local people. Bad security and weak infrastructure have plagued some ventures. Although Gulf companies announced plans to spend billions of dollars, the problems mean many of the projects have not gone ahead, at least not to the point of large-scale food production, said Eckart Woertz, senior research fellow at the Barcelona Centre for International Affairs. “Rather than greenfield investments in Africa, the focus is more on putting money in already established agro-producers,” said Woertz, author of a book on the subject, Oil for Food.

Grain prices

The Gulf states began investing heavily in farmland overseas around 2008, after bad weather in big food-producing nations, growing use of biofuels and curbs on

ECKART WOERTZ

Barcelona Centre for International Affairs

Saudi Arabia has given up on plans to produce its own wheat after its massive irrigation projects drew unsustainable amounts of water. PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

farm exports by some governments sent grain futures markets soaring. Wealthy Gulf governments never came close to facing food shortages but they did get a fright — especially because the price of oil, their main source of income, briefly tumbled by three-quarters in 2008. At the same time, expensive programs to increase food production within the Gulf were running up against the region’s brutal climate and lack of water. Saudi Arabia began to scale back a domestic wheat-growing program in 2008, planning to rely completely on imports by 2016. So Gulf states encouraged their companies to buy arable land in the developing world. Al Dahra is typical of that drive; it is a private firm, owned mainly by Abu Dhabi investors, but its mission statement pledges to “partner with the UAE government in realizing the strategic food security program.”

The last few years have demonstrated the limits of the Gulf’s strategy of throwing money at the food security problem, however. Many projects abroad have found themselves vulnerable to capricious policy changes and trends in local politics. Abu Dhabi investment firm Jenaan has since 2007 accumulated about 67,200 hectares of arable land in Egypt, which is a big importer of wheat. The company originally planned to grow fodder to feed the UAE’s livestock. But Jenaan was hit by a 300 Egyptian pound ($43) a tonne export tax, and faced other problems such as labour strikes and shortages of diesel to power machinery. This has forced Jenaan to grow wheat instead of fodder, all for consumption within Egypt, said company chairman Mohammad al Otaiba. “We were incurring loss after loss. So now in Egypt we will only grow grains and

we will also work in the dairy business — but all for local consumption,” he said. Saudi Arabia-based billionaire Mohammed al-Amoudi faced problems in Ethiopia after his firm Saudi Star acquired about 10,000 hectares in the Gambella region to grow rice. In April 2012 an armed group ambushed Saudi Star employees, leaving five people dead. Gulf investors say they are sensitive to host nations’ needs and the projects benefit local people by stimulating the economy. But in countries with a history of poverty and famine, it can be hard to escape controversy. “It has proven very difficult to get big projects like that off the ground as apart from the problems with the lack of infrastructure, the poor irrigation and low technology, you also need to deal with the local population and its issues,” said Rob Bailey, research head at London thinktank Chatham House.

Stability

Gulf states are therefore looking more closely at projects in Europe and the United States, where political and policy risks — while not negligible — seem smaller. In June this year Saudi Arabian-owned United Farmers Holding Co. acquired Continental Farmers Group, a firm which has farming operations in Poland and Ukraine and produces crops including wheat and maize. Gulf projects in Africa were often mainly land purchases, needing infusions of technology for farming to begin. By contrast, many of the investments in Europe are in agricultural businesses that just need some financial help to grow. “Often you have companies that have reached a certain level and they need investments to move to the next level themselves, so it makes a good partnership for us,” said Brian Barriskill, supply chain director at Al Dahra.

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34

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Sask. challenging Que. laws on edible oil products Saskatchewan says dairy-labelling laws contravene interprovincial trade rules AGCANADA.COM

Q

Until 2005, Quebec required that margarine could not be sold with the same colour as butter. PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

uebec’s laws blocking sales of certain margarines, nondairy coffee creamers and dessert toppings are the target of a new challenge from Canada’s top canola-growing province. A dispute resolution panel formed under Canada’s Agreement on Internal Trade (AIT) will hear Saskatchewan’s challenge of Quebec’s Food Products Act on Jan. 8 in Quebec City. “We believe that these illegal restrictions in Quebec contravene rules that prohibit governments from creating barriers to trade in Canada,” Tim McMillan, Saskatchewan’s minister responsible for trade, said in a release Dec. 30. A ruling from the AIT panel is to be issued within 45 days of the hearing.

The AIT, whose signatories so far include the federal government and all provinces and territories except Nunavut, is meant to lower barriers to the free movement of people, goods, services and investment within Canada. The agreement, which came into force in 1995, calls for parties to first hold consultations to settle disputes, but allows a dispute resolution panel to be requested where the matter can’t be resolved in consultations. According to the Internal Trade Secretariat, Saskatchewan and British Columbia, with support from Manitoba, had sought consultations with Quebec in January last year, alleging Quebec’s Food Products Act puts unwarranted restrictions on the manufacture and sale of “dairy analogues and blends” in Quebec. The act allows Quebec’s pro-

vincial government to designate when milk or any derivative of milk “ceases to be a dairy product” and when milk is to be considered the main ingredient in the making of a dairy product. The province can also authorize standardizing of the proportion of fat and other solids of any dairy product. Saskatchewan in June this year formally requested an AIT panel on the matter. A strenuous defender of its dairy sector, Quebec has previously placed substantial limits on the marketing of non-dairy products such as margarine. An AIT panel in 2005 shot down Quebec’s decades-old ban on the sales of margarine sporting the same “pale-yellow hue” as butter. Until 2008, margarine could only be sold in Quebec with a lard-like whitish appearance.

BRIEFS

Cargill earnings boosted by big U.S. crop harvest By Christine Stebbins REUTERS

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U.S. agribusiness giant Cargill Inc. on Jan. 9 reported a 36 per cent rise in quarterly profit, supported by a bigger U.S. crop harvest in 2013 that led to lower grain prices and boosted profit margins on meat sales. Minneapolis-based Cargill reported net earnings of US$556 million for the second quarter ended Nov. 30, up from $409 million a year ago. Revenues slid seven per cent from a year ago to $32.9 billion. Cargill, the top exporter of U.S. grain and oilseeds, benefited from replenished grain supplies following a bumper U.S. corn and soybean harvest after the 2012 drought. This boosted export prospects and grainprocessing volumes and also improved profits in its meat and ethanol businesses. “The impact on supply and demand caused prices for agricultural commodities to come down from last year’s highs, providing relief to Cargill’s animal nutrition and protein segment,” the company said in a statement. “Larger export volumes and increased operating efficiencies also contributed to stronger results, especially in beef processing.” Cargill, one of the world’s largest privately held corporations, had revenue of $136.7 billion for fiscal 2013, which would have placed it No. 10 on the Fortune 500 list of publicly held companies. Cargill’s size and scope continued to expand in the 67 countries where it operates and employs 142,000 people.


35

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

It is alleged horses used to help develop medicines were sold and slaughtered for meat MARSEILLE, FRANCE / REUTERS

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olice arrested 21 people in raids on the horsemeat industry across southern France Dec. 16 on suspicion that horses used to develop medicines were sold fraudulently for food, police and industry officials said. Marseille public prosecutor Brice Robin said about 200 horses unfit for human consumption had been given false veterinary certificates and slaughtered for meat by an organized ring, based in the southern town of Narbonne, involving cattle traders, vets and butchers. “ T h e re i s a b s o l u t e l y n o evidence that these animals were toxic or posed a threat to public health,” he told a news conference. A spokesman for pharmaceutical company Sanofi said some of the horses had been used to incubate antibodies to manufacture serums for everything from rabies to snake bites, and while in good health were certified as unfit for human consumption. Sp o k e s m a n A lain Ber nal of the Sanofi Pasteur vaccine division said the firm was cooperating with investigators but did not know how long the fraud had been going on. “Horses are a factor y of antibodies,” he said. The horses were sold to traders suspected of falsifying veterinary documents or using veter inar ian accomplices to issue false certificates so they could be used in the food chain. A statement from the param i l i t a r y g e n d a r mer ie said about 100 officers along with inspectors from the national veterinary brigade took part in dawn raids in 11 districts. Checks were also carried out in Spain in the region of Girona because some of the suspect meat was exported, the prosecutor said. Consumer Affairs Minister Benoit Hamon said the operation stemmed from steppedup monitoring of the industry after a French meat-processing firm was at the centre of a Europe-wide scandal earlier this year over mislabelled frozen meals containing horsemeat instead of beef. Horsemeat has slowly fallen out of favour with consumers in France although it can still be bought at specialist butchers.

CFA supports new farm legislation Government now has backing of most groups for omnibus Farm Bill By Alex Binkley CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR / OTTAWA

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he Canadian Federation of Agriculture has endorsed the contents of Bill C-18, the Agricultural Growth Act, meaning Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz has the backing of most farm groups for the legislation. CFA had already endorsed the plant breeders’ rights portion of the bill but reserved judgment on the rest until it had time to review changes to the advance payment program provisions. Its conclusion is that they too will benefit farmers. CFA president Ron Bonnett said the legislation “takes on several issues that will increase access to important programs for farmers and will result in cost savings for administrators and farms.” He added that

the proposals in the legislation show the government has been listening to farm groups. The backing of most farm groups should speed up the bill’s passage through Parliament in 2014. Grain Growers of Canada and the Canadian Agri-Food Trade Alliance have thrown their support behind it. Bonnett added that the proposed changes to the Advance Payments Program, under which farmers can borrow against the value of unsold crops, “should reduce red tape by limiting the administrative burden of using the program year after year.” The government has promised additional consultations during the next few weeks on the advance payments changes, which will add livestock and additional crops and permit multi-year agreements, Bonnett said. “CFA and other

producer groups will be consulting closely with Agriculture Canada to ensure these changes best meet the needs of producers and do not impose undue additional costs or burden on producers,” Bonnett said. CFA will be seeking an increase in maximum payments available through the program “to address the continued inflation of farm expenses, which was not addressed in this bill,” Bonnett said. Another change will allow farmers to reschedule payments so they are not forced to sell product “at inopportune times just to meet repayment requirements,” Bonnett noted. As well, farmers who hold outside jobs to support their farm will be eligible to apply for advance payments on their

production, which will benefit many startup and expanding operations, he added. Plant breeders rights’ (PBR) will allow researchers to collect royalties on new varieties they develop to help finance additional research. It will bring Canada in line with an international convention established in 1991. The CFA said the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, which will administer the PBRs, needs to discuss any proposals to control farmer-saved seeds before bringing them in “or the balance in the act may be lost.” It wants the agency to ensure seed prices remain reasonable and protect farmers from claims of patent infringement for “the natural or accidental spreading of patented plant genetic material, or the insemination of an animal by an animal with patent protection.”

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French police arrest 21 in new horsemeat fraud ring


36

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Texas economist sees two more years of high cattle prices Analysis: Beef production seen down six per cent for 2014 and another four per cent for 2015 TEXAS AGRILIFE RELEASE

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or beef cattle prices to continue their record run, the 2014 U.S. corn crop will have to produce record yields, according to a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service economist. That aside, the 2014 beef cattle market outlook is poised for another historic run as lack of supply will continue to fetch strong bids on calves. “Look for continued high prices,” said David Anderson at the recent Central Texas CowCalf Clinic at the Milano Livestock Exchange. “Tight supplies are underpinning the market. I think we are going to have higher calf prices than we did in 2013 and higher prices in 2015 than we did in 2014.” Fewer cows and calves will lead to less beef production over the next couple of years, Anderson said. Cattle-on-feed numbers as well as slaughter and beef production are down from levels a year ago, signalling less supply. Anderson said the biggest threat to future high calf prices is feed prices. “If the nation’s corn crop comes up short, that could drive up prices putting downward bid prices on the calves,” he said.

“We’ve seen a shift in the kind of beef we eat, but haven’t seen people giving up their hamburgers for pork or chicken.” DAVID ANDERSON Texas A&M

Fed cattle set new record prices the week of Jan. 1-3. In 2 0 1 3 , A n d e r s o n s a i d there were as many beef cows slaughtered for the year as there were in 2012, as a percentage of the herd. “We kept culling, which is why I think we will continue to have tighter supplies going forward,” Anderson said. He predicts beef production to be down six per cent for 2014 and another four per cent for 2015. “I think we will have higher prices whether it is retail or cattle prices,” he said. “I don’t think we are there yet as far as herd expansion.” The only concern ahead is the 2014 corn crop. Anderson said corn prices today “are darn near half of what they were in 2012. In 2013, the

FILE PHOTO

opposite happened. We had a record corn crop and corn prices went down, while calf prices took off. Going forward, to maintain these high calf prices we’ve got to have a record corn crop.” Anderson said there will be fewer acres of corn planted this year as some farmers shift to soybeans to take advantage of potential price runs. Demand remains strong for

beef despite record-high beef prices, Anderson said. “The question I get all of the time is when are people going to quit eating beef in reaction to record-high beef prices?” he said. “It hasn’t happened yet. We’ve had record prices for months and months, and I think they are going to continue to go up. We’ve seen a shift in the kind of beef we eat, but haven’t seen people giving

up their hamburgers for pork or chicken. We continue to have slowly growing beef demand with a slowly growing economy. We could see it pick up for beef demand as the economy grows in the latter half of 2014. If you put tighter supplies with growing demand, I think we will be talking about higher prices in the years ahead.” Anderson said there have been reports of declining beef consumption, but said the real result is a reduction in beef production. “I think as we produce more cattle, consumption will go up.” Looking ahead, Anderson said he predicts higher calf prices for 2014 than levels hit in 2013. For 500-pound to 600pound steers, he sees prices of $178 per hundredweight and $184 per hundredweight for the first quarter of the year. By the first quarter of 2015, those prices could hit the $189-perhundredweight mark for No. 1 steers. For now, Anderson said there has been a tendency for packers to overpay for cattle, which continues to pressure bids for feeder cattle as there are fewer to be sold. That’s led to imbalances and packers losing money as the competition heats up to purchase a shrinking inventory.

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37

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Ombudsman releases investigative reports on municipalities Transparency important for municipal administrators, says ombudsman’s report By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF

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a n i t o b a’s a c t i n g ombudsman says lack of transparency is one of the problems in a series of reports of investigations of municipalities posted last month. Among the 15 reports, five are under the Ombudsman Act and 10 under the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (FIPPA). Two of the five under the Ombudsman Act relate to rezoning and conditional use agreements, and complaints that council did not treat the persons in question fairly. In one, a landowner was denied a conditional use request for construction of a residence on agricultural land in the RM of Saskatchewan. In another, the complainant felt the RM of MacDonald had unfairly denied two variance applications for subdivision of his land. The ombudsman did not make recommendations in either case, but in both situations the RMs not giving reasons for their decisions contributed to the complainants feeling they were treated unfairly.

“No government should be unprepared to explain why it does what it does.” MEL HOLLEY

Manitoba acting ombudsman

“No government should be unprepared to explain why it does what it does,” said acting ombudsman Mel Holley. “In the end we said, ‘This would have been a lot simpler if you’d explained to the public and the people in question why you were doing what you were doing.’” Holley said the other theme he sees is that complaints aren’t generally about matters affecting an individual, but relate to procedural issues such as conflict-of-interest allegations or use of in-camera privileges. “We have more and more people asking questions about the management of local government,” he said. “People are digging deeper into why decisions get made.” “Fifteen years ago the public wouldn’t have said, ‘How competent a decision was that?’ or,

‘How financially responsible a decision was that?’ or, ‘How well was that project managed?” he said. “We’re getting those kinds of complaints now.” Of the five reports released under the Ombudsman Act, two relate to the Town of Neepawa, including an allegation a councillor placed himself in conflict of interest. In another, concerns were raised about both a council meeting agenda and the in-camera portion of a council meeting. A third report relates to an allegation that the Rural Municipality of Alexander’s council did not correctly interpret and fairly enforce its zoning bylaw. The ombudsman found that the complainant in this case had been treated unreasonably. The fourth and fifth reports related to the matters in the RMs of Saskatchewan and MacDonald. Six of the FIPPA reports posted related to the City of Winnipeg, and four relate to the rural municipalities of Ritchot, Rosser, Woodlands, and the Town of The Pas.

Posted online

Another series of investigation reports will be released early in 2014. Online release of these reports

is part of a recent move to make their own work more publicly accessible, Holley said. These same reports have, until now, been published in their annual reports. “It’s just a different way of doing it,” he said. Ultimately, the hope is that sharing these investigative findings and conclusions helps build “a body of knowledge about best practices” in government administration, including more openness and responsiveness to the public and its inquiries. At the November convention of the Association of Manitoba Municipalities updated versions of Understanding Fairness a guide for municipal councillors and administrators, were also handed out. In 2013 nearly 40 per cent of investigated complaints related to municipalities. All Ombudsman Act reports can be viewed at: www. o m b u d s m a n . m b. c a / d o c u ments_and_files/municipalinvestigation-reports.html. FIPPA reports are available at: www.ombudsman.mb.ca/docu ments_and_files/investigationreports.html (under “Access Reports”). lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

BRIEFS

Monsanto critics denied court hearing REUTERS / The U.S. Supreme Court on Jan. 13 upheld Monsanto Co.’s biotech seed patents, dealing a blow to a group attempting to ward off lawsuits by the company against farmers. The group, made up of 73 organic and conventional family farmers, seed companies and public advocacy interests, sued Monsanto in March 2011 seeking to prohibit the company from suing them if their fields became inadvertently contaminated with its patented genetic traits for corn, soybeans, cotton, canola and other crops. The group asked Monsanto for a pledge not to sue, but the company refused. Monsanto has sued more than 100 farmers for patent infringement, winning judgments against those found to have made use of its seed without paying required royalties. “Monsanto never has and has committed it never will sue if our patented seed or traits are found in a farmer’s field as a result of inadvertent means,” said Kyle McClain, the company’s chief litigation counsel. “The Supreme Court’s decision not to review the case brings closure on this matter,” McClain said.

T:21.6”

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38

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Rural estate brewery a step closer to reality

Cold, wet weather may help spread deadly pig virus

Chris and Lawrence Warwaruk want to build a brewery on Hwy. 16 between Gladstone and Neepawa By Lorraine Stevenson co-operator staff

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wo brothers who made headlines after saving the family farm using the cash earned from a Winnipeg restaurant startup are closer to building a brewery and premier agri-tourism site between Gladstone and Neepawa. Chris and Lawrence Warwaruk appeared on the popular CBC television show ‘Dragons’ Den’ last week to pitch their idea of an estate brewery they plan to call The Farmery, asking for $200,000 in exchange for a 20 per cent stake in the company. Two dragons, Arlene Dickinson and David Chilton agreed to be partners in the venture in exchange for a six per cent royalty. The terms of the deal are still being discussed. The site would be built on Hwy. 16 near Arden at an estimated cost of between $2.5 million and $3 million. Lawrence Warwaruk told other media outlets last week they plan to proceed slowly and carefully with the

venture, and will be seeking investment in the project. They are confident this can work in Manitoba, he told CBC radio January 9. He said the idea of The Farmery really resonates with those who want to know where food comes from. “We have lots of support. Our job now is to build awareness for our project.” The brothers currently own Luxalune Gastropub in Winnipeg where they now sell The Farmery’s Premium Lager, a light lager brewed for them by another company. The beer is also available in MLCCs, and at beer vendors, pubs and many restaurants. The brothers say inspiration for a rural estate brewery where visitors could taste and buy the beer and see how barley and hops are grown comes from visits the brothers paid to Wisconsin where they saw more than 90 microbreweries selling locally made beer. lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

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Trucking industry encouraged to wash, disinfect and heat trucks after every load Reuters

F Chris (l) and Lawrence Warwaruk already have their Farmery lager brewed at another brewery.   photo: shannon vanraes

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rigid temperatures across a l a rg e s w a t h o f t h e United States this week followed by warmer conditions could aid the spread of a fatal pig disease now in 22 states, affecting hundreds of thousands of pigs, a swine veterinarian said Jan. 9. “The virus likes cold, wet and cloudy days,” said Rodney Baker, a swine veterinarian at Iowa State University at Ames, Iowa, the top pork-producing state in the United States. At this time of year the virus gets frozen on clothes and shoes, making it easy to track around and spread, Baker added. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv), which causes diarrhea, vomiting and severe dehydration in hogs, has spread quickly across the U.S. Hog Belt since its discovery in the United States in April 2013. California and Wyoming are the latest states to report confirmed cases of the deadly pig virus, bringing the number of states affected to 22, the U.S. Department of Agriculture said Jan. 9. The number of new cases increased by 134 for the week of Dec. 29, bringing total reported cases to 2,084, according to the USDA’s National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN). Baker told Reuters the virus can remain viable after a single, maybe even a couple of freezethaw cycles. Cold weather and cloudy conditions protect the virus, but heat and sunlight will deactivate it, Baker said. The spread of the disease has heightened scrutiny of the U.S. trucking industry as livestock transport trailers are seen as a means of transmission. Trucks need to be washed, disinfected and heated to deactivate PEDv, hog industry health officials have said. However, if a sprayed disinfectant is not given ample time to activate before the truck is driven in freezing temperatures, the virus will not be killed and can infect the next load of pigs hauled in the trailer, Baker said. Heating trucks after washing and using disinfectant is the best way to rid them of the virus, but they are not washed frequently due to time and expense constraints, U.S. hog industry veterinarians have said. It can take at least two hours and costs upwards of $500 to wash, disinfect and dry a truck properly, Baker said. There are no official figures for pigs lost to the disease but U.S. hog industry analysts estimate one million to four million have died.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

COUNTRY CROSSROADS CON N EC T I NG RU R A L FA M I L I E S

‘Freelance farmer’ documents 80-farm road trip on new website Small Farms Manitoba Directory launches as a Google map tool to link direct-marketing farms with customers By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF

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alynn Spain set out on a road trip around Manitoba last summer, curious about how farmers farm and willing to work for them if they’d explain it to her. Between the end of May and September the 25-year-old Winnipegger, with no far m background of her own, visited 80 farms, writing short profiles of each on her blog dubbed “the freelance farmer.” Manitoba farmers literally told her where to go, says Spain, who started with one farm and then had others recommended to her. “I was flying by the seat of my pants,” she says, adding she had no specific type of farm she planned to visit. Actually, she was well organized. The graduate of international develo p m e n t s t u d i e s a t Un i v e r s i t y o f Winnipeg had done a stint at Food Matters Manitoba, and spent two summers interning with the Manitoba Farm Mentorship program that gave her several farm contacts. Plus, before she set out, she secured a small $1,500 grant from the Manitoba Alternative Food Research Alliance (MAFRA) to produce a directory of the farms she’d visit. She didn’t restrict her explorations to any one type of farm production system nor size but did stick with farms that directly market most of their production. Her visits included farms such as Edie Creek Angus at A n o l a , Ph i l’s Ho n e y a t St a r b u c k , Sh e e p l e s Fi n e Fi b re s a t In w o o d , Stonelane Orchard at Steinbach plus many other farms raising all types of livestock, growing market gardens and producing farm-based products.

Hands on

Kalynn Spain visited 80 farms last summer and has profiled them in an online directory being released this month. SUBMITTED PHOTO

The University of Manitoba-based Manitoba Alternative Research Alliance is a community-based research partnership between five universities in Manitoba and Alberta and nearly 50 supporting community organizations. The program is federally funded through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

She worked alongside those who had jobs for her to do. “I helped out with anything they needed help with, and so that d e p e n d e d o n w h e re I w a s ,” s h e said. “I helped with the lambing at one farm and planted at a vegetable farm.” She literally learned about the nuts and bolts of running a farm too. “I was at the DeRuycks’ Top of the Hill Farm (at Swan Lake) and helped Dan (DeRuyck) fix his combine. That was exciting,” she says with a laugh. “My hands were small enough so I was able to reach in and undo all these bolts.” She came back to Winnipeg having learned a lot and yet realizing there was much more to learn, she said. “The biggest lesson I learned from this is that defining farming is so difficult,” she said, adding that she’s per-

sonally attracted to farming because it’s both livelihood and lifestyle. “I think I’ve always understood farming to be something radical in a way, no matter what type of farming it is,” she said. “It’s a career path that involves your life and who you are as a person and your values and your whole self, rather than being something you go to school for.” On Jan. 18 Spain will launch the Small Farms Manitoba Directory, an online resource she and a team of graphic designers developed to list all the farms she visited. Spain says she hopes it helps others discover this segment of the farm population too, which is underrepre s e n t e d a m o n g t ra d i t i o n a l f a r m groups. The key thing in common between all these farms is that they’re direct marketing, so she hopes this directory, with its Google map tool and farm profiles will help them link to more customers.

“The biggest lesson I learned from this is that defining farming is so difficult.”

KALYNN SPAIN

“First and foremost it’s meant to help promote these local food products, and to highlight how consumers can get access to them,” she said. Its other role will be to connect farmers to one another through a forum with specific farming topics of discussion. Most told her they’d appreciate a forum like this and probably would use it. “It’s for all sorts of farming discussions,” she said. “Facebook is good for that too, but it can get out of hand at times. I hope to create a more organized space.” Spain says she and some volunteers remain available to write bios for others who’d like to be included in the directory. The farmer has the final edit on what’s posted to the directory, she added. The launch of the Small Farms M a n i t o b a D i re c t o r y w i l l b e h e l d Sa t u rd a y, Ja n u a r y 1 8 1 1 a . m . a t Crossways in Common Church at 222 Furby (at Broadway) in Winnipeg. The website is www.smallfarmsmanitoba. com. lorraine@fbcpublishing.com


40

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

RecipeSwap

Send your recipes or recipe request to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO or email: lorraine@fbcpublishing.com

Slow down and fill up Slower eating makes you feel full sooner

PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

Lorraine Stevenson Crossroads Recipe Swap

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low down. If you speed while driving, there’s trouble ahead. You’re not doing your body any good rushing through meals either. Obesity experts warn how fast eating shuts off the signal from the gut to the brain that tells us we’ve eaten enough. It takes at least 20 minutes to make the trip. So if we eat fast, we feel unsatisfied by the meal and we are likely to reach for more. Unfortunately, mid-winter regularly is grab-and-go time at the dinner table, with everyone rushing in and out from school, work, meetings, extra curricular and volunteer activities. Yet just as slower eating aids digestion, pausing for family meals can make us healthier overall. It’s well documented that family dinners mean not only more nutritionally balanced meals are consumed, but face time during them produces happier, healthier kids who do better at school and are less likely to take drugs or consume alcohol. Just don’t rush the meals.

A slow cooker is a great way to put a hot dinner on the table when everyone’s tired, hungry and wanting dinner before anyone has time to make one. Here’s two Crock-Pot recipes to have dinner waiting for you. Both come from Manitoba Pork’s website in a recipe section of slow cooker recipes for all seasons. Try more recipes from the website at manitobapork. com/food-and-community/recipes/.

West African Pork Peanut Stew 2 lbs. Canadian pork shoulder blade roast, well trimmed, cut into 1-in. (2.5-cm) cubes 1 c. chopped onion 2 cloves garlic, minced 3 large plum tomatoes, peeled, seeded and chopped 1 tsp. EACH ground cumin and salt 1/2 tsp. EACH curry powder, coriander, cayenne pepper, ground ginger and cinnamon 1 c. sodium-reduced chicken broth 2 tbsp. tomato paste 1/2 c. chunky peanut butter 1 14-oz (398-ml) can black-eyed peas, drained and rinsed 1 tbsp. lemon juice 1/4 c. chopped blanched peanuts Cilantro leaves for garnish

In slow cooker, combine pork cubes, onion, garlic and tomatoes. Add seasonings and spices. Stir in chicken broth and tomato paste; mix well. Cover and cook on LOW until pork is tender, 6-8 hours. Stir in peanut butter and blackeyed peas. Cover and cook on HIGH, about 15 minutes more. Blend in lemon juice to refresh flavours. Ladle stew into individual bowls. Garnish with chopped peanuts and cilantro leaves. Serves: 6 to 8. Note: It took me less than 10 minutes to put all these ingredients into the slow cooker (onion chopping included) and that minimal effort produced a really delicious stew. I used two packages of pork loin stir-fry instead of a 2-lb. roast and substituted black beans for the blackeyed peas. Source: Manitoba Pork

Tex-Mex Pulled Pork Chili 2 to 2-1/2 lbs. Canadian pork rib roast 1 tbsp. canola oil 2 c. sodium-reduced chicken broth 1 28-oz. (796-ml) can diced tomatoes, drained 1 14-oz. (398-ml) can EACH black beans and red kidney beans, drained and rinsed 1 c. chopped onion 3 tbsp. tomato paste 3 cloves garlic, minced 1 packet chili seasoning mix, hot or mild, like Club House brand 1 c. sour cream 1 c. shredded Tex-Mex cheese 1/4 c. thinly sliced green onion

You’ll also need tortilla chips or garlic bread to serve. In large skillet, heat oil over medium-high heat. Add roast; brown on all sides. Meanwhile, in slow cooker, combine remaining ingredients, except sour cream, cheese and green onion. Transfer roast to slow cooker. Cover and cook on LOW 8 to10 hours. Remove roast from slow cooker onto a clean plate. Shred meat with two forks; return to slow cooker. Mix well. Turn heat to HIGH and cook, uncovered, 15 minutes more; stir once or twice. Spoon chili into bowls; top with sour cream, cheese and green onion. Serve with garlic bread or tortilla chips. Serves: 8 to 10. Source: Manitoba Pork

RECIPE SWAP If you have a recipe or a column suggestion please write to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap, Box 1794 Carman, Man. R0G 0J0 or email Lorraine Stevenson at: lorraine@fbcpublishing.com


41

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

Serving the Westman area for 20 years Allen’s Machine Works adds steel art to successful business By Darrell Nesbitt Freelance contributor

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t may have started as a hobby, and it may have taken a few years to find the right product to fit in with his general welding/machine shop, but a Shoal Lake business owner knows that adding steel art to his repertoire was indeed the right decision. Brent Allen of Allen’s Machine Works has been serving the Shoal Lake and Westman area for 20 years. Today his business takes him across the province of Manitoba, and into Saskatchewan and Alberta, thanks to a piece of equipment known as a plasma cutter to compliment the services offered. “We noticed small family farms with older equipment requiring repairs steadily declining over the years, and we tossed around some ideas for diversification from basic welding/machine shop services,” said Allen, who is a Red Seal Journeyman Welder, and dual ticketed as a Red Seal Journeyman Machinist. “Introducing Custom Steel Art was the right decision,” he said, adding that small businesses that don’t diversify and expand their horizons outside of the local trading area may not survive in the future. “Steel Art has allowed us (in terms of family/staff ) to meet a lot of new people (crafters and customers) from all over Western Canada,” said Allen. “It also adds another level of business for times when the machining/welding side of the shop is slower.”

Thousands of designs

Having thousands of designs and drawings on file, a design

Dawn Darr (l to r), Devin Allen, and parents, Brent and Sandi Allen, serve clients at the Shoal Lake welding business.  photo: DARRELL NESBITT

may be manipulated and prepared for cutting in as little as one hour, but a more complicated or customized design may take anywhere from six to 30 hours to complete. A r t c r e a t e d by A l l e n’s Machine Works hangs on Main Street light posts in the Town of Shoal Lake, as well as the City of The Pas. The bears showcased on top of existing street signs in Rossburn were also created at the Shoal Lake business. While Allen isn’t sure he has a favourite design to create, he likes a challenge. “I enjoy creating new and innovative pieces with a lot of detail that makes custom-

ers and public amazed at the final look and is pleasing to the eye.” It’s not only the product showcased that has grown in size, but also the size of shows — from a small community fair to five-day shows in large cities such as Edmonton, Red Deer, Regina and Winnipeg. “You dream it or draw it, and we’ll scan it and cut it,” is their motto. “Information is readily available by visiting steelartsilhouettes.ca or our Facebook page.”

Family-based business

Services provided by Allen’s M a c h i n e Wo r k s i n c l u d e

welding (including mobile services), machining, farm equipment repairs (com bines, tractors, balers, etc.) steel supplies, plasma cutting and steel art. It opened in July 1993 as a f a m i l y- b a s e d b u s i n e s s, and each of Brent and wife Sa n d i ’s t h re e b oy s h a v e always been involved — both at the shop and in travelling to trade/craft shows. “For over 10 years, Dawn Darr has served as our office manager,” said Allen. “Dawn has also been showing her creative side by assisting with the creation of designs and drawings for Steel Art.” Along with building a solid

business, Allen has given back to the community by teaching high school students a Level I and Level II welding course as a vocational credit course through the school division for 10 y e a r s. D u e t o M a n i t o b a Education regulations that require an instructor to have a teaching degree, Allen no longer lends his time and knowledge, although it is still an identified desired skill set by local students/parents and the owners of the only licensed welding shop in the geographic area. Darrell Nesbitt writes from Shoal Lake, Manitoba

Cacti and succulents over the winter Not difficult to overwinter but some care is needed By Albert Parsons Freelance contributor

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ore and more gardeners are using cacti and succulents in containers in their outdoor summer gardens, and moving them indoors for the winter. These plants are not difficult to overwinter, although they do require some care to ensure they survive until spring in good condition. I have a collection of cacti and succulents that I have obtained over the years but this year it was greatly enhanced when a friend downsized his collection and gave me close to a dozen plants. In addition, a gardening friend gave me a succulent container as a gift this summer so all of those plants — eight different ones — have also been added. I keep any succulents and cacti that I want to remain in pristine condition (no marks on the foliage) in the sunroom all summer, but I do use many outdoors as well. During the late spring and summer, many of my cacti will put forth bloom, and although the blooms are fleet-

ing, they are exquisite. I also exhibit these plants in fairs and horticultural shows, so I want them to be in prime condition. During the winter, most of these plants go into a semi-dormant state and keeping them in a cool environment further encourages this semi-dormancy to take place. Most of the plants will not be in active growth mode during this time so they require few nutrients and little water. Never fertilize cacti or succulents during the winter. Give the plants just enough water to keep them alive and prevent them from becoming desiccated. Cacti and succulents have the ability to store water in their fleshy tissues, so they can endure prolonged dry periods at the best of times. I only give mine a drink about once every six weeks during the winter, and I never soak the soil, I just give each pot a small amount of water. I try to do this by sitting the pots in a tray of water for about an hour so that the entire root ball does not become drenched; only the soil near the bottom of the pots — where the roots are — will get moisture.

During this time, I also keep the cacti and succulents quite cool by positioning them on windowsills in the sunroom where temperatures, while always above the freezing mark, are quite cool, especially on cold winter nights. Most of the cacti and succulents in my sunroom are not hardy in Manitoba. I leave the hardy ones, like my several varieties of hens and chicks, outside for the winter. Cacti and succulents brought indoors after being outdoors for the summer are best potted into the smallest pots possible since they do not perform well when they are overpotted. Using overly large pots might lead to rotting plants. If windowsill space is at a premium, plant several smaller specimens into a dish garden, which will take up less space than if all the plants are individually potted. Use a very porous soil mix that contains coarse sand or fine gravel with little peat in the mix. Cacti potted in heavy clay soil that holds too much water and does not drain properly might very well

PHOTO: ALBERT PARSONS

rot during the winter when exposed to cool temperatures, particularly if they are given too much water. Cacti and succulents are generally not subject to pest problems; the plants may become dusty, however, so to keep the plants healthy and to keep them looking their best, clean them periodically. I simply blow as mightily as I can on the top of the plant. Succulents with large smooth leaves can be wiped with a damp cloth. Taking care of your cacti and succulents during the winter will mean that they will be ready to perform well next summer whether indoors or in your outdoor garden. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba


42

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

COUNTRY CROSSROADS

What to do with an open-concept space Not always easy to work with, here’s some helpful tips Connie Oliver Around the House

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’m often asked where one should stop and start with wall colour in an open-concept home. It’s a tricky dilemma because the walls and ceilings usually don’t have regular corners where there is clear definition of where to stop or start with paint. Each home will have a different design as well so you have to consider your specific layout in order to determine where to put your wall colour. The open-concept layout of the kitchen, dining room and sitting area in the photograph is a good example. The large wall in the background with the patio doors is a perfect example of a wall with no end. You might not notice it at first but that wall runs right into the kitchen. A clever use of a vertical plumb line divides the white paint and the orange paint to create a sense of separation from the kitchen to the rest of the open space. The rich-orange wall in the kitchen compliments the wooden cabinets and creates a focal point. Adding floating shelves to the focal wall supports the visual separation. On the faux fireplace wall to the left, the orange colour is continued. Carrying the accent colour to the other

PHOTO: COURTESY DULUX PAINTS

side of the space makes the whole open concept feel cohesive. The accent colour is carried into the sitting area through toss cushions in a similar tone.

Create zones

Oftentimes in an open-concept home, furniture placement can be just as tricky. In the photo the placement of two armchairs angled to the fireplace wall makes for a cosier look. If left

empty, the area would seem a bit cavernous and bare. Also, a space like this supports the interaction of friends and family while the host is working in the kitchen. People can sit at the dining table, in the armchairs or on the stools along the outside of the kitchen peninsula to enjoy the gathering. Creating zones can help make sense of an awkward layout. The three zones in the photo — the kitchen, dining

room and sitting area — are all in the same open space but have definition. The kitchen has visual separation via the kitchen peninsula and the wall colour, while still being open to the rest of the space. The area rug under the armchairs helps visually separate the small sitting area from the dining room space and adds a cosy feel. The small dining table and chairs stand alone to create a dining area. Even though there is no chandelier above the table, a vase of flowers in a co-ordinating colour helps define the space. Ke e p i n g t h e f l o o r i n g t h e s a m e throughout an open-concept area is a good idea to create visual flow. Using area rugs, furniture placement and colour to define each zone helps keep the space from feeling cold and empty. In other parts of the main level of the home, use furniture to create conversational groupings. Don’t place the furniture all around the walls of the room. Once you have a plan in mind, consider it from all angles of the openconcept space to ensure that the view is good from anywhere. Be sure to group furniture so that it doesn’t block traffic flow. Send me an email if you’re having trouble. I’ll see what I can do for you: connieoliver@shaw.ca. Connie Oliver is an interior designer from Winnipeg

Fun ideas for you and your preschooler When the winter boredom starts, try some of these By Kimberly Rempel Freelance contributor

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et’s face it, winter can be hard. It’s especially tough to keep little ones entertained indoors. It takes creativity. It takes stamina. It takes a long list of ideas. Here are a few to get you started.

• Host a tea party under the table. Break out the tiny plastic dishes, and let your little ones pour from the teapot. They’ll love it! • Window art. Get out the window markers and let ’em go wild! • Window cleaning — Mom’s favourite. Hand them a wet wipe and set them to work scrubbing off such things as window markers… • Pass out the spoons and bake up a storm. Pour, dump, mix… and the best part — cookie sampling! (As a bonus, set up a play date and share with friends!) • Stories on CD (even make your own). Next time you’re reading to your little one,

record it. Let your toddler make sound effects, or complete sentences. • For the truck and tractor lover, fill a cookie sheet with popcorn kernels and let your toddler push around the “dirt” with tractors. • Mo d i fi e d b o a rd g a m es. Even a three-year-old can play Monopoly if it’s simplified. Dominoes, Snakes and Ladders, Trouble, even Chess can all be made ultra brief and simple. The point isn’t the game — it’s just about fun and taking turns and doing something together. • Make a card and mail it to a friend. Get out the stickers, markers, scissors, those photos you have doubles of and don’t know what to do with, glue and macaroni — whatever! • Table cleaning. Equip each child with a damp cloth, and set them scrubbing those chairs. (Especially helpful after card-making time.) • Arrange furniture in a maze. Couch cushions, dining

chairs, coffee tables… everything. Leave it up all day. • Treasure hunt. Hide the treasure (a snack, tools for the next activity…) and hand your child a picture clue of where they can find it. If they’re super finders, make a sequence of picture clues. • Break a rule. “Just this once you can…” pull out all the bowls and make a tower? Use washable markers on the fridge? Play catch in the house with a giant bouncy ball? • Bring outside inside. Dry off the little slides and tricycles and give them a winter life in the basement. • Make the old new by rotating toys often. Each time one toy comes out of storage, exchange it for another. This will keep their selection fresh and minimize boredom. • Pick an odd spot for a picnic — under the table, in a closet, in the bathtub? • Hide and seek. A favourite that transcends generations. • Introduce a new toy, dish or activity for in the tub. Maybe some kitchen dishes, new

Get creative and beat winter boredom. photo: thinkstock

bath crayons, a paintbrush. Perhaps they can serve up bubble pie in their bath-restaurant, or drive trucks at the bottom of the ocean… • Weekly family story. Read a chapter out of Little House on the Prairie or some other chapter book that appeals to all ages. Make it a special weekly time with the whole family.

• Make binoculars out of toilet paper rolls. Decorate and go exploring. • F l a s h l i g h t h u n t . H i d e an object in any room. To g e t h e r, s e a rc h f o r i t in the dark, each hunter armed with a flashlight. Kim Rempel writes from Steinbach, Manitoba


43

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

LIVESTOCK H USB A N DRY — T H E SC I E NC E , SK I L L OR A RT OF FA R M I NG

Cattle feel the wind chill too Cattle that get wet during the winter months need to have bedding available if they are going to effectively fight the cold By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF / ARBORG

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attle are hardy creatures, but in extreme cold producers need to ensure that they’re giving them the tools they require to keep warm, especially if they’re young. “I don’t think the temperatures that we get in Manitoba are bad enough that cows need to be indoors as long as they get enough to eat,” Wayne Tomlinson told a Beef Days meeting here last week. “But I can’t emphasize enough that they need to have enough high-quality feed available to them.” The fermentation process that takes place in a cow’s stomach is very efficient at generating heat, he explained, but the Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development veterinarian said that feed with a low nutritional value won’t cut it when temperatures plummet. “A poor-quality hay in an adult cow might be enough when the thermometer is at -20, but at -40, it may not be enough,” Tomlinson said. “She will often eat more and more of a poor-quality forage and then she’ll wind up having a stomach totally full of a poor-quality feed that is not fermenting... and then she will get chilled and cold and you will see issues develop.” In addition to providing highquality forage, cattle also need to be protected from high winds that whisk heat away. “Wind is huge… the wind chills we’ve had lately, I mean when we had -54 in the western part of the province, and that is tough on cattle because they lose a lot of heat, so having a windbreak, having a shelter, makes a huge difference, they can do just fine if they’re out of the wind,” he said.

Staying dry

Earmuffs for calves can prevent frozen ears, which can be a discount factor when it’s time to sell.

important, said Carl Dahlen of North Dakota State University’s extension service. While a bit of snow on an animal’s back is just fine, if heavy precipitation wets cattle down to the skin it can leave them chilled and more susceptible to the cold, he said. “Bedding may not always be necessary for wintering cow herds, but in cases where cattle are wet, bedding is a must,” Dahlen said. “The purpose of bedding is to help keep cattle dry.” Because they come into the world wet, newborn calves are also susceptible to frostbite and even hypothermia if calving occurs during extremely cold weather. Dahlen said newborns also need to have bedding avail-

able to them, so that they can dry off and stay warm. Tomlinson notes that young cattle and calves in general are at a greater risk when it comes to the cold. “Babies are different, once they are starting to eat a little bit of food, so the rumen is active and they’re with their moms, they can handle the weather, but they do need more shelter, they need more bedding — they need to be protected from the wind,” he said. Ranchers may also want to consider earmuffs to protect calves from losing the tops of their ears to frostbite. “Feedlots, cattle buyers, sometimes look at the animals if they’ve had frostbite on their ears and say, ‘OK, what else

WAYNE TOMLINSON PHOTO: GRACE CRAYSTON

went wrong? Did they frostbite their toes just enough so that they’re not visibly lame now, but that they might become lame next winter when they’re in the field?’ So they worry about those things,” Tomlinson said. Lactating cows also need some extra attention as temperatures fall, and winds kick up. The MAFRD veterinarian said teats can also be susceptible to the cold and frostbite as a result of being wetted during nursing. But cows are also resourceful in winter months. “It’s funny, if you go out into an open field, if they’ve got a windbreak, you’ll see all the animals facing the same way, and if you watch them during the day, they rotate with the sun,” he

The 2014

Keeping animals dry is also

“Babies are different, once they are starting to eat a little bit of food so the rumen is active and they’re with their moms — they can handle the weather, but they do need more shelter, they need more bedding — they need to be protected from the wind.”

said. “They are like little sundials and they are absorbing that radiant heat to help keep them warm in this cold weather.” However, producers can’t only focus on their cattle, they also need to consider their own safety during extreme temperatures. “The type of weather we’re receiving is very dangerous and at a minimum can cause permanent damage to exposed skin,” Dahlen said. “We all want to make sure our cattle are fed and properly bedded as soon as a storm breaks or the temperatures plummet. Just take a few moments to make sure you are properly dressed before heading out the door.” shannon.vanraes@fbcpublishing.com

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44

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

SHEEP & GOAT COLUMN

Weather affects animal numbers for auction Cold weather keeps numbers low for first sheep and goat auction of the year By Mark Elliot co-operator contributor

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he first sheep and goat sale was on Jan. 8 at Winnipeg Livestock Sales, with 75 animals on offer. Dangerous cold weather and transportation concerns, and possibly producer hesitation to bring animals to market, resulted in lower deliveries. The unknown demand and market prices for the beginning of the year could be part of the reason for the hesitation.

No ewes were delivered. A 200-pound Dorset-cross ram brought $182 ($0.91 per pound). No heavyweight lambs were delivered. The classification of market lambs was represented by 11 108-pound Cheviot-cross lambs, which brought $160.92 ($1.49 per pound). The classification of feeder lambs dominated this sale. Strong bidding from the buyer produced a higher price com-

pared to the end-of-the-year sale. The weight of the lambs ranged from 84 to 94 pounds and the price ranged from $1.56 to $1.67 per pound. A mixed group of 76-pound lambs brought $129.20 ($1.70 per pound). A group of seven 63-pound Suffolk-cross lambs brought $106.47 ($1.69 per pound). Nine 66-pound lambs brought $108.90 ($1.65 per pound). No goats were delivered. December 18, 2013

Ewes

n/a

$57.38 - $99.75 $30.48 - $53.41

Lambs (lbs.) 110+

n/a

$149.94 - $150.00

95 - 110

$160.92

$114.00 - $138.24

80 - 94

$140.28 - $148.80

$92.00 - $126.35

$129.20

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USDA report card on CFIA — OK, but should try harder U.S. wants Canada to do a better job of following HACCP By Alex Binkley co-operator contributor

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review last fall of Canada’s meat production and inspection system by U.S. food safety experts resulted in an adequate rating for the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, but lots of suggestions for improvement. The U.S. is the biggest customer for Canadian meat, and the two countries have a reciprocal inspection agreement under which they accept products from each other with little reinspection. They regularly conduct audits of the other’s meat plants and inspection activities. Canada will release its observations on the American system in the coming months. T h e Fo o d Sa f e t y a n d Inspection Service (FSIS) of the U.S. Agriculture Department concluded that CFIA performance is “adequate” in maintaining equivalence and meeting its required inspection criteria. It said CFIA should do a better job of ensuring the domestic food industry follows HACCP, an internationally accepted food safety protocol. Sanitation and humane handling of livestock in slaughter and processing plants “also need attention.” USDA was asked to explain the implications of the adequate rating on Canadian exports to the U.S. but hasn’t yet responded. Under the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act, FSIS has changed the designations it applies to foreign processors. “All of the facilities audited continue to be eligible to export their products to the U.S. and there are no changes to exports and trade,” CFIA said. The Canadian Meat Council, which represents packers and processors, said the report “confirms that the Canadian meat inspection system is effective and equivalent to the U.S. inspection system… 99.95 per cent of meat and poultry products exported to the U.S. met American import requirements.”

XL recall

The audit occurred during the aftermath of the inquiry into last year’s recall of beef from XL Foods in Brooks, Alta., which was the largest ever in Canada. That event provided FSIS with examples of where CFIA needed improvement. Meat Council president Jim Laws noted that in addition to the FSIS rating, Canada has been approved for increased beef and pork shipments to Korea along with Mexico, Russia, Honduras and Costa Rica, “which all audited and approved the Canadian system in 2013.” CFIA spokesman Guy Gravelle said the FSIS audit “confirms that Canada’s meat inspection system is effective… all of the issues identified in the audit have been corrected to its satisfaction. Opportunities for improvement that were identified have all been addressed to the satisfaction of U.S. authorities.” Last fall, auditor general Michael Ferguson warned of weaknesses in CFIA’s management of the recall of contaminated food products and in its followup actions with processors to prevent further incidents. There are significant gaps and shortcomings in the food safety system, he added. “The weaknesses we found in decision-making and followup stand in the way of the continuous improvement of a system intended to deal with food safety incidents in Canada.” Laws said Canada’s meat companies are working to achieve the highest levels of food safety. Since the FSIS audit, the companies have stepped up their testing for E. coli. CFIA has established new inspection teams to check on meat plants and labelling of mechanically tenderized beef. CFIA is also working on a system of fines for companies “that fail to respect federal meat safety requirements,” Gravelle said. CFIA is in the midst of consultations with the food industry about the consolidation and streamlining of its food safety inspection arising from legislation passed last year to overhaul the agency.

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The audit occurred during the aftermath of the inquiry into last year’s recall of beef from XL Foods in Brooks, Alta.   photo: istock.com


45

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

EU Commission renews bid to ban food from cloned animals The ban would apply to sale and import of food from clones By Charlie Dunmore BRUSSELS / REUTERS

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Complex and costly

Animal cloning uses DNA transfer to create an exact genetic copy of an animal. The first mammal to be successfully cloned using a method known as adult nuclear transfer was a sheep named “Dolly,” created in 1996 by scientists in Britain.

A researcher demonstrates the process to clone a pig in a laboratory in National Chung Hsing University in Taichung, central Taiwan, February 6, 2013. The EU is proposing a ban on food and products from cloned animals, but not their offspring. PHOTO: REUTERS/STRINGER

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September, 2013

Seed Capital Raise

Complete Bankable Feasibility Study FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE

And once the plants are paid for, the difference between the cost of production and market rates is profit.

 Investment advantage for Seed Capital Unit holders on conversion Our Partners to plant ownership equity

Key Project Milestones FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE

September, 2013

Strategic Partner Selection

Our Partners

Supply Agreements

Complete Front End Engineering Designs

September, 2013

Open Equity Financing Seed Capital Raise Hire EPCM Contractor Site Selection

Close Project Debt Financing Environmental Permits Complete Bankable Construction Documents Complete Feasibility Study

Order Long Delivery ItemsMemorandum Confidential Information Complete Front End Engineering DesignsLong Delivery Items Remaining Erection following Begin Construction Strategic Partner Selection Open Equity Financing Commissioning Receive Long Delivery Items Supply Agreements Hire EPCM Contractor Production Complete Front Remaining Erection following Complete End Engineering DesignsLong Delivery Items Close Project Debt Financing Commissioning Open Equity Financing Complete Construction Documents Production Hire EPCM Contractor Order Long Delivery Items Close Project Debt Financing Begin Construction Complete Construction Documents Receive Delivery Items priorLong project development and operatorship experience Order Long Delivery Items Complete Remaining Erection following Long Delivery Items nitrogen plant operational capabilities Begin Construction Commissioning priorLong project development Delivery Items long-term commitment to theReceive project with the expectationand operatorship experience Production that the partner will be the project operator following its capabilities Complete Remaining Erection following Long Delivery Items nitrogen plant operational

Partner Considerations

Partner Considerations

1-877-362-3276 | ProjectN.ca

jOIN us fOr a

PrOjeCTN

uPDaTe+

free BreaKfasT MC JR Pg PN Ag Days 01-16-14.indd 1

A major share of the plant’s production will have stable, committed customers before construction is even started. Supplyshare of the plant’s production will A major economic completion Commissioning agreements with the investor-members of have stable, committed customers before long-term commitment to the project with the expectation thefollowing farm business alliance will provide a is even started. Supply financial capacity to take up a Production meaningful equitywill stake that the partner be in thethe project operator its construction Partner Considerations project and/or to secure debt financing permanent, structural cost agreements advantage towith the investor-members of economic completion the new plant. additional off-take agreements ideally with potential the farm business alliance will provide a prior project development and operatorship experience financial capacity to take up a meaningful equity stake in the

he European Commission has once again proposed a ban on food and products from cloned animals, two years after failing to block their use. EU governments and lawmakers rejected the first move in 2011 because of a dispute over labelling. If approved, the latest draft rules would ban the use of cloning in commercial farming within the 28-nation bloc for five years, and prohibit the sale and import of food such as meat or milk from cloned animals. While it would be illegal to import cloned animals from countries where the technique is used commercially, such as the United States and Brazil, the import and sale of food from the offspring of clones would be allowed. The EU executive said the distinction was justified because the welfare concerns surrounding animal cloning — which has a success rate of less than 20 per cent and often results in birth defects or miscarriage — do not apply to their conventionally bred offspring. “Today’s proposals seek to ensure that no cloning for farming purposes will be carried out in the European Union, and no such clone will be imported as long as these animal welfare concerns persist,” European health commissioner Tonio Borg told a news briefing to present the proposals. But the draft rules could run into opposition from lawmakers in the European Parliament, which previously said it would only accept the sale of food from the young of clones if all such products were clearly labelled. Opponents of the idea say it would require regulators to draw up a family tree for every slice of cheese or salami sold in Europe, and the commission said it needed more time to analyze whether such a labelling scheme was feasible. But consumer groups said more than 80 per cent of Europeans were opposed to eating food from clones and their offspring, and accused the commission of putting trade relations ahead of the wishes of citizens. “Without effective labelling, European consumers have no knowledge of what their Argentinian steak or American beef is made of as traceability systems for cloned food do not exist in these countries,” European consumer body BEUC said in a statement. Food issues are likely to be among the major hurdles in reaching a milestone trade pact between the EU and the United States, negotiations over which have just kicked off.

The technique is complex and costly, ensuring that cloned animals themselves are highly unlikely to be used as food. But they can be bred traditionally to produce offspring that share similar traits, such as high milk production or rapid growth. Regulators in the United States and Europe have concluded that meat and milk from the offspring of animal clones are as safe as from conventionally bred livestock. The United States is one of the most advanced countries in terms of commercial animal cloning. It currently has a voluntary moratorium on the sale of food from cloned animals, but not their offspring.

partners / partners' affiliates Partner Considerations project and/or to secure debt financing permanent, structural cost advantage to nitrogen plant operational capabilities A major share of the plant’sthe production will timing & alignment of vision additional off-take agreements ideally with potential new plant. prior project development and operatorship experience have stable, committed customers before long-term commitment to the project with the expectation partners / partners' affiliates that the partner will be the project operator following its construction is even started. Supply nitrogen plant operational capabilities A major shareof of the plant’s production will economic completion timing & alignment of vision agreements with the investor-members have stable,acommitted customers before Contact Us long-term commitment to the project with thefarm expectation the business alliance will provide financial capacity to take upPhone: 1.306. a meaningful665.2294 equity stake in the that the partner will be the project operator following its project to secure financing Fax: 1.306.655.0444 318-111and/or Research Dr. debt FERTILIZER permanent, structural cost construction advantage tois even started. Supply economic completion agreements with the investor-members of E-mail:  info@projectn.ca Saskatoon, SK Canada FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE the new plant. Contact Us additional with potential Phone: 1.306. 665.2294 web:ideally www.projectn.ca S7N 3R2 off-take agreements the farm business alliance will provide a financial capacity to take up a meaningful equity stake in the partners / partners' affiliates Fax: 1.306.655.0444 318-111and/or Research Dr. debt FERTILIZER project to secure financing permanent, structural cost advantage to E-mail:  info@projectn.ca FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE timing & alignment of vision Saskatoon, SK Canada the new plant. additional with potential web:ideally www.projectn.ca S7N 3R2 off-take agreements partners / partners' affiliates

Tuesday, January 21

LP

Keystone Centre | Pioneer Lounge

LP

Wednesday, 22 ContactJanuary Us

timing & alignment of vision

Phone: 1.306. 665.2294 Fax: 1.306.655.0444 E-mail:  info@projectn.ca Us web:Contact www.projectn.ca

Research Dr.Club Lounge Keystone Centre318-111 | Curling Saskatoon, SK Canada S7N 3R2

Thursday, January 23

318-111 Research Dr. Saskatoon, SK Canada S7N 3R2

Keystone Centre | Pioneer Lounge

FERTILIZER LP

FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE

Phone: 1.306. 665.2294 Fax: 1.306.655.0444 E-mail:  info@projectn.ca web: www.projectn.ca

FERTILIZER LP

FARMERS’ FERTILIZER ALLIANCE

Breakfast: 7:30am Presentation: 8:30am Presenter: Bob Friesen, FNA & FNA Fertilizer LP Space is limited.

RSVP at the FNA booth or:

rsvp@fna.ca | 1-877-362-3276 1/10/2014 9:25:23 PM


46

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

LIVESTOCK AUCTION RESULTS Weight Category

Ashern

Gladstone

Grunthal

Heartland

Heartland

Brandon

Virden

Killarney

Ste. Rose

Winnipeg

Feeder Steers

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Jan-08

n/a

n/a

Jan-10

No. on offer

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

165

n/a

n/a

380

Over 1,000 lbs.

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

130.00-138.00

900-1,000

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

140.00-152.00

800-900

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

137.00-153.00

n/a

n/a

147.00-162.00

700-800

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

138.00-155.00

n/a

n/a

155.00-167.00

600-700

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

149.00-165.00

n/a

n/a

165.00-177.00

500-600

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

157.00-174.00

n/a

n/a

170.00-192.00

400-500

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

175.00-200.00

300-400

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

175.00-200.00

900-1,000 lbs.

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

120.00-135.00

800-900

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

125.00-135.00

n/a

n/a

130.00-145.00

700-800

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

130.00-143.00

n/a

n/a

130.00-148.00

600-700

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

133.00-151.00

n/a

n/a

135.00-155.00

500-600

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

135.00-157.00

n/a

n/a

140.00-165.00

400-500

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

140.00-165.00

300-400

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

150.00-175.00

No. on offer

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

165

n/a

n/a

140

D1-D2 Cows

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

69.00-74.00

n/a

n/a

74.00-79.00

D3-D5 Cows

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

64.00-68.00

n/a

n/a

67.00-73.00

Age Verified

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

71.00-76.75

n/a

n/a

n/a

Good Bulls

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

84.00-93.75

n/a

n/a

87.00-95.00

Butcher Steers

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

108.00-114.50

n/a

n/a

120.00-125.00

Butcher Heifers

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

107.00-113.00

n/a

n/a

118.00-122.50

Feeder Cows

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

75.00-83.00

Fleshy Export Cows

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Lean Export Cows

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

Feeder heifers

Slaughter Market

* includes slaughter market

(Note all prices in CDN$ per cwt. These prices also generally represent the top one-third of sales reported by the auction yard.)

On the ranch Russell, Manitoba

Thursday, February 13 2014 Two Year Old 50 Bulls Black and Red Simmentals, Angus and Simm-Angus bulls

Miles Glasman Bonnie Glasman Jared Glasman

(204) 773-6275 (204) 773-0094 (204) 796-0999

(204) 773-3279

Box 1179, Russell, Manitoba R0J 1W0, Canada mjfarms@inetlink.ca www.mjsimmentalangus.com

MMJ 92Z SIMMENTAL

MLG 36Z ANGUS

MMJB 14Z SIMMENTAL

MLG 22Z ANGUS

GLASMAN FARMS

Matthew & Leanne Glasman Cell: (204) 773-6055

(204) 773-3209

Box 1467, Russell, Manitoba R0J 1W0, Canada mlg@glasmanfarms.com www.glasmanfarms.com


47

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

COLUMN

A full breech birth is a dangerous situation Cows with a history of twins more likely to have a full breech birth Roy Lewis, DVM Beef 911

T

he full breech birth at calving is the one malpresentation most veterinarians still need to be involved in. In the true breech, the calf presented tail first with both back legs pointing forward under the body of the calf. A lot of producers refer to a straight backwards calf as a breech, but that is a misnomer. The true full breech has both back legs forwards so the first thing you feel when exploring the cow’s vagina is the tail. In smaller calves, the tail may even be visible outside the vulval lips. With today’s easy calving herds, we seldom experience problems, but a breech will almost always require assisted intervention. On very rare occasions I have seen some large cows be able to have a full breech calf but the labour is long and invariably the calf is dead. One should be very mindful of cows, which normally calve easily taking too long. If there is nothing presented in 1.5 to two hours, it’s a good indication something is wrong and if nothing is presented a breech calving or torsed uterus would be tops on my list. Be mindful of cows that have had twins in previous years as they have a propensity to twin again. The most common position for twins is one backwards and one forwards, so a breech birth is a greater possibility with twins. I don’t have any hard and fast statistics, but in our practice I would say at least half of the breech births we see are on twins and we are called in for the vast majority of breech births. Often the water bag has not been broken as the cow can’t get

enough of the calf out through the back end to break the water bag. That means the water bag has to be broken before the position of the calf can be exactly determined. Producers may want to check if the back legs are straight forward a full breech or if they are half bent back. In other words, the hocks are partially back in the pelvis and there is essentially already partial correction before delivery. These presentations I refer to as a partial or half breech. These half breeches are not as jammed into the pelvis as the cow can’t push the entire blocky mass of butt and legs to the back. For that reason, they may be easier to correct and the bottom of the foot protected as it is brought around to create a straight backwards calving. The reason I say most breech presentations are veterinary emergencies is because there is lots of opportunities for things

to go wrong. First, time is of the essence, as most times the cow has not gone into full labour to be noticed until it is almost too late. Many of the breeches are dead before we start and if that is the case rather than risk damaging the cow we may perform a fetotomy and cut both back legs off and deliver the calf that way. There is none to little chance of lacerating the cow from the back legs being brought around. Most veterinarians are very careful when bringing the back legs around. We need to protect the underside of the hoof as it is brought around to avoid holes being created in the uterus. In the rare event that this does happen, the uterine tear can be sutured up, but that can be difficult as the placenta is in the way. In severe cases, we may even prolapse the uterus to get a visual look at the tear. It makes suturing easier as well. In some cases, we

Roy Lewis is a large-animal veterinarian practising at the Westlock Veterinary Cnt. His main interests are bovine reproduction and herd health.

Manitoba Swine Seminar 2014 February 5 & 6 VIctorIa Inn HotEl & conVEntIon cEntrE WINNIPeG, Mb

You are invited to join local, national & international speakers as they discuss: • State of the industry • Feeding prolific sows • Benchmarking: Knowing your farm financially and productively • Telling your farm’s story: Getting started on the web • Raising pigs without antibiotics: Lessons learned • Early nursery pig nutrition and management: Getting weaned pigs off to a great start • How to wean 30 p/s/y • Artificial insemination: A review and what’s new

staff

Someone is evidently in possession of a few loads of “hot” hay, and if it isn’t located soon, it will likely be converted by munching cows into steaming piles of manure. Bra n d o n RC M P a re investigating the reported theft of 60 round hay bales that have gone missing from the Brandon Research Centre. The bales, worth anywhere from $40-$60 each, were situated on a rural property just east of the city and north of Hwy. 457, said RCMP spokesperson Tara Seel. They were reportedly hauled away between Jan. 3-6 in what must have been a fairly lengthy undertaking with at minimum a loader tractor and multiple semitrailer loads, she said. The RCMP is asking anyone with information to contact Brandon RCMP at 726-7522 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477.

be wrapped around the leg you are repositioning. It is also very hard to tell sometimes if the calf is still alive and if the legs start violently thrashing that may be a sign the calf is dying. I have seen instances where the rectum is prolapsed on the calf from the cow straining so much and yet we delivered a live calf. Other times a long-dead first breech twin is followed by a very alive second calf. You never know until you examine them thoroughly and if you need help don’t hesitate to call. As mentioned previously, this is the most common malpresentation veterinarians are called for as most producers can correct many of the other malpresentations depending on their experience level.

Sharing Ideas and Information for Efficient Pork Production

briefs

Hay stolen from BRC

have been called out where there has been excessive intervention and the uterus already has a major tear in it from the breech calf being pushed forwards in attempting correction. In severe cases, the calf may be pushed right out through the tear and into the abdomen. With these cases, once the calf is delivered often the uterus is amputated as these tears often extend upwards towards the cervix. Veterinarians use a combination of technique, equipment and knowing when to be aggressive and when to be gentle in order to flex the back legs and bring them around. Sometimes with smaller calves or when one twin is breech an experienced producer will correct them. Only attempt this if you are very experienced. Murphy’s law says if it is twins most commonly the first one is backwards or breech. Other complications are the umbilical cord may

...and much more

register early and save!

bY after

January 22 – $160 January 22 – $170

- Day rate also available - Special rate for students (with ID) - Costs include lunch and one copy of the proceedings - Free parking

For more information:

www.Manitobaswineseminar.ca Dallas Ballance (204) 475-8585 Dallas@goodwinballance.ca

MSS_ad2014_before_MC.indd 1

07/01/14 12:29 PM


48

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

M.C. Quantock Bull Sale 375 “Canada’s Bulls”

Saturday, Jan 25, 2014

BULLS

Exhibition Grounds, Lloydminster, AB/SK

12 noon MST We sell and deliver for free, hundreds of bulls all across canada. Here's what our customers say... Sight Unseen Purchase Plan Buying your bulls is easy... and it's as close as your phone...

I have spent 30 years working with cattlemen across Canada and together we have developed the most successful Sight Unseen Purchase Plan in the country, so successful in fact that it can sell nearly half our bulls some years. I have done it with sincerity and integrity and the utmost respect for the customers needs and budget. We start by discussing your cows, your breeding program, and what you need to get done. When we are comfortable with each other we can work together to get you the right cattle at the right price. While a few people sell a few bulls on the internet, I much prefer to visit Mac Creech, D.V.M. with our customers, get to know them, and help them select the right bulls. Our comprehensive catalogue and DVD will give you an accurate impression of the bulls. After the sale I’ll personally deliver your bulls, in most cases. You must be completely satisfied on arrival or you are under no obligation to take them

“Extremely pleased with my Super Baldie Bull. Considering he spent 2 weeks in transit getting to our farm he looked awesome. Exactly what I asked for, a real meaty tank of a bull. And to boot as soon as we dumped him out with our cows there was no messing around, he knew what he was there to do. Can't wait to see the calves from him next fall. Mac's service and quality is A1 in our book.” — J. Ells, NS “The sight unseen purchase program you offer, coupled with a rock solid reputation, unquestioned convenience and a large battery of quality affordable sale bulls has again made bull buying from your ranch a pleasure. Thanks Again!” — J. Comrie, MB

Complete Catalogue, photos and video on our Website:

www.mcquantock.com

— R. Knull, AB

“I like your older bulls.”

“I thought one Charolais bull was not working and you replaced him promptly. We were well satisfied.” — Cayenne Ranches, AB “Heifers all calved, haven't seen one born, All got up and sucked and are doing well considering the rotten weather. Nice change from the Simmental bulls.” — D. Hayle, AB

“The sight unseen bulls seem to be easy fleshing and quiet. The Hereford bull was extremely good.” — J. Mizen, ON

“The bulls are excellent and we have no trouble. We run 30 bulls which are all hybrids.” — J. & G. Naylen, MB

“We have used your sight unseen purchase program for many years and have always been satisfied with the quality of the bulls and performance. Thank You!” — G. Morrel, AB

“Your Red Angus cattle have no equals or comparisons. We have tried others bulls and have not been satisfied. Keep up the good work.” — D.&D. Brace, BC

“Very impressed with sight unseen. Both bulls I bought were what Mac told me they would be. Easy to handle and work with and throw good calves. I am 100% satisfied and will be buying again.” — R. Morrow, AB

“Very impressed with how smooth and fast the sale ran, to run that many bulls in that amount of time was truly impressive. It was also reassuring to know that you were there after the bull had been delivered to ensure that everything was OK.” — B. Wilson, SK

“Sight unseen program and bull were exactly as described, easier than travelling a lot of places looking for the right bull for our herd.” — J. & B. Tripp, ON

“We needed an unexpected bull and Mac delivered an excellent bull on the day and time he said. Very nice to deal with people who respect your time.” — Cowley's, SK

“We bought 2 bulls over the phone. I met Mac in Bonnyville and was very pleased. The bulls were exactly what we were told we were getting.” — R. Ulliac, AB

“We had problems with one of our bulls. We called Mac and he took it back and made an adjustment. We had had the bull one year. Very pleased with your service and prompt reply. I have been very satisfied. You take a professional approach to business, something that is often neglected in agriculture.” — L. & R. Cooper, SK

“Mac, just letting you know that I totally loved the substitute bull you bought for me. Thanks for picking him out for me and catching the issues with the other bull. It is nice to know I can trust that any bull that comes from you is ready to work. Even being a small producer, you treated me like I was important to you. Thanks” — S. Goldie, SK

You pay for them only when they are delivered and satisfactory. Call me anytime to get started. 1-800-561-2855 Thanks Mac

“Your service is top notch. Mac, the two bulls worked well, got 100% at preg test this fall.” — A. Young, BC

“Our ranch has been using M.C. Quantock Livestock bulls for over 10 years. We presently have over 50 Red Angus, Super Baldies and Black Super Baldies in our pen. We have had great success calving from April 5 to May 20. Our Black Baldie calves sold September 16 at Dawson Creek averaging 400 lbs. at $2 per lb. We could have sold more if we had them. Thanks Mac and family, your great line of bulls makes a difference in our herd.” — N. Cambell and Sons, AB “Pleased with the RA bulls, good shape when they arrived and at the end of a dry summer in MB. remained in good condition” — K. & G. Archibald, MB “The bulls always do good and any problems I've had were solved immediately. Bull loaned free of charge. Keep up the great service. Thanks.” — J. Sykes, MB “Excellent service the only place we buy our bulls. Small birth weight calves excellent growth. Our calves are weaning steadily heavier in the last 5 years, replacement heifers, better genetics.” — D. & G. Lyons, AB “The Bulls, the sale, the service is second to none. Buying from M.C. Quantock for the past three years has been a hugh stepping stone for the ranch. It is always a pleasure to deal with you.” — J.V. Ranch, MB “This is an excellent service striving on perfection. I like the "hybird" idea eg. Super Reds, Super Blks, Super Guppies, H2's. You guys were the first to discover this and bring these choices to the public. Very Good!” — M. Szakacs, SK “Bulls look good, sale is ran well. How do you improve, a bull every 50 seconds is a very well run sale.” — B. Murray, MB “I have been happy with these baldie bulls! They are durable and their calves have a growthy look. Keep raising them” — K. Toews, AB “Very happy with the bull. He is quiet which means a lot to me” — M. Kreutzer, SK “Your sale & service are excellent and second to none!”

— F. & W. Galloway, MB

“Just got home with my bull, great head, real good feet and legs, clean in the shoulder and thick butt. I was nervous about the Sight Unseen Purchase thing, never done it before, I am impressed with bull and the way you do Business.” — R. Miliken, MB “I don’t know what you do in your breeding program, but these bulls all have the same stamp on them. You can see it now in our cows… all the same - the calves are born then grow like hell. — C. Stahl, Riverview Colony, SK “Having purchased your bulls for many years, and keeping heifer calves as replacements, we find our cow herd has been consistently improving as the years go by. We have purchased Red Angus, Black Angus and Horned Herefords.” — J.S. Crowley, SK “I’m 100% satisfied with the quality of the bulls I’ve bought with your Sight Unseen system. When taking delivery I’ve always felt I’ve gotten more value than I paid for. Your integrity is appreciated.” — M. Carr, ON "Sight Unseen is a good program Mac. No need to sit at auctions wasting time... all the bulls have performed very well over the years." — Powder Canyon Ranch BC. "Great bulls with solid backgrounds from a real cattleman that I can trust" — F. Kehler MB. "I had a bull that wasn't up to my expectations and Mac took it back, It was dealt with as promptly as possible. I was very satisfied." — L. Lowen BC. "Both bulls I have purchased are good tempered and easy to work with, good solid bulls." — N. Berkholtz AB. "We appreciate the good selection of bulls that have been purchased for us sight unseen. When there was a problem with a bull you took care of it right away. Delivery arrangements have always worked well." — D. Gerber ONT. "No room for improvement Mac. Many years of great cattle and great service... hoping for many more." — M. Morkin AB. "Service was great, bulls are what we wanted, Sight Unseen is an easy program to use to buy bulls when you are busy." — S. Mulligan AB.

There is still time... Call Mac today... 1-800-561-BULL (2855) ... 10,000 + Bulls... 45 Sales... CALL FOR YOUR FREE CATALOGUE AND DVD OR CHECK THE WEBSITE! Stability... Longevity... email: mcquantock@hotmail.com website: www.mcquantock.com Red Angus

Black Angus

Super Baldie

Black Super Baldie

Hereford

H-2

Super Guppie

Charolais


49

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

9th Annual Family Day Sale February 17, 2014 SELLING: 170 RED AND BLACK ANGUS 2 YEAR OLD BULLS STRONG SET OF 180 COMMERCIAL BLACK ANGUS BRED HEIFERS DUE TO START CALVING MAY 1ST

CANADA’S LARGEST SELECTION OF 2 YEAR OLD ANGUS BULLS

www.olefarms.com

1:00 p.m. at the farm at Athabasca, AB Lunch at 11:30 a.m.


50

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014


51

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

10 th & Final

Bull & Female Sale Monday, 1:00 PM - ON THE FARM

February 17, 2014 161A Prairie Fire X Tracker

110A Booster X Gladiator

30A Crosby X Touchdown

Offering Approx 110+ Bulls & 90+ Heifers

159A Prairie Fire X Tracker

44A Booster X Pobe

113A High Voltage X Crosby

Consistant, affordable, easy fleshing, super thick bulls and heifers for all sectors of the beef industry

Sale Videos Available Now! 182A Crosby X Touchdown

185A Tracker X Kodiak

149A Rival X Big Ben

www.koppfarms.com

Stop in anytime to view the cattle prior to the sale

KOPP FARMS SIMMENTALS Edmund, Pauline and Laura Kopp Steven and Amanda Kopp Box 41 Amaranth, MB R0H 0B0

80%

Home: (204) 843-2769 Edmund’s Cell: (204) 856-3064 Steven’s Cell: (204) 843-0090 steven@koppfarms.com ARE REPEAT CUSTOMERS


52

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

13th Annual

Yearlings Two Year Olds, Reds and Blacks

March 10, 2014

at the Ranch, Ponoka, AB, 1PM

G REAT CS G EN ETI

Neil & Sherry, Braeden & Annie Christiansen Ph: (403)783-2799 Cell: (403)704-4403

www.diamondcranchlimousin.com


53

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Symens Land & Cattle 2nd Annual

Featuring 38 Black & Red Angus 12 Limousin Pedigreed

1:00 pm Tuesday

February18 2014 At the Ranch

With Guest Consignment from

Claresholm, AB

Directions from Clraresholm: 3 miles north on Hwy #2 to Twnshp Rd 132, east 1.5 mi. to County Rd., north 1.25ml.

Symens Land & Cattle- Jim & Laura Symens & Family Box 3209, Claresholm, Alberta, T0L 0T0 Cell: 604-880-7515 Phone: 403-524-4729 Email: symens@platinum.ca

Abacus Angus - Megan Bond - Dan Hitchner Box 45011, High River, Alberta, T1V 1P7 Phone: 403-333-2626

Visitors Always Welcom!

Auctioneer: Don Raffan 250-558-6789 Sale Staff: VJV Livestock - Stavely, AB 403-549-2120


54

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

th 40

Annual

50 Angus

38 Charolais

March 01, 2014 1:00 pm. Fair Grounds

Pincher Creek, AB.

BLACK & RED Long Yearlings and Two’s A&L Robbins Ranching HD Ranching

Prime Rib Lunch @ 12 noon We will deliver, or bring your trailer and get $75 off per bull 403-627-7398 403-627-7737

WHITE & RED Yearlings and Two’s

Turnbull Charolais Char-Lew Ranch

403-627-6951 403-627-8330

View catalogue online at www.charolaisbanner.com

50 Bulls

SimAngus ▪ Simmental ▪ Angus Yearlings ▪ Fall Born ▪ 2 yr Olds

4 March 21, 201

Reserve Champion Junior Bull

2pm Grande Clairiere Hall

Gerry & Linda Bertholet & Family

Hartney, MB, Canada Gerry & Linda (204) 858-2086 Gerry (204) 741-0340

S: Wheatland Bull 786T DS: LCHMN Bodybuilder

eights Bull weaning w s! averaged 950 lb

glbertholet@hotmail.com

Andrea (204) 483-0319

adbertholet@hotmail.com

the Check osuitte! b we

1/2

S: Wheatland Headline 872U

PB

S: Wheatland Bull 786T

eny! First set of prog


55

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Anderson Family Herefords!!

32nd Annual Production Sale - February 18, 2014 At the Balog Cow Palace, Lethbridge, AB 1:00PM (MST)

Selling: 60-65 Two Year Old Bulls

Lot 202Z

Lot 260Z

Lot 10Z

Lot 106Z

Lot 235Z

Lot 7Z

Lot 12Z

Lot 51Z

Hereford Advantage The Anderson Hereford Advantage

Cross Bred Advantage - Heterosis pays, Hereford Heterosis pays extra with feedlot desired steers AND maternally desirable females. Lower Feed Costs - Hereford X cows forage longer, and maintain condition better. Hereford and Hereford X Feeder calves have better feed conversion. Better Temperament - Cattle that bounce off the fences or chase you over them are not needed. Longevity - Nothing outlasts a Hereford Bull or Hereford X Cow.

This will lower your bull replacement cost and the need to keep as many heifers.

Outstanding Cowherd - We demand our cows work have time for us, not us for them. Like you, we for poor udders, poor feet, poor performance or poor dispositions. We cull hard. Value, Quality & Quantity - We only sell 55 to 65 of the top bulls out of the 370+ Registered Females we breed each year, that is only 30 -35% of the bull calves born. Our bulls are only offered in our

Production Sale, so ALL the best are here.

Ranch Raised for Ranch Conditions - We have never chased fads or lost sight of what makes a rancher money. We breed for calving ease, mothering ability, easy fleshing, soundness, fertility, longevity, natural thickness and carcass traits.

We use our eye, common sense, performance records, ultra sound and the best genetics available.

Free delivery within 300 miles OR take your bull sale day for a $100/head credit. Sight Unseen program, visit with us about your needs and we guarantee the best possible bull for the best possible price. If you don’t like him we keep him. For More Information or a Catalog Please Contact Us

ANDERSON FAMILY HEREFORDS Box 89, Aetna, AB Canada T0K 1Y0 DARRYL ANDERSON (403) 653-1385 • CELL (403) 653-7804 TOLL FREE 1-866-818-6020 • FAX (403) 653-3420 FLOYD 403-653-1686 • SALE BARN (403) 320-1980

EMAIL: darryla13@gmail.com

OUR SUCCESS DEPENDS ON YOUR SUCCESS SO WE FOLLOW UP ON EVERY ANIMAL!!


56

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014





Champs Simmental

Sunset Simmentals

F5 Simmental

Hairy Hill Cattle Co.

Winston Ford - C: 780-842-9623 champsim@live.ca Laython Ford - C: 780-806-3600 champsim_2@hotmail.com

Greg Arneson - 780-755-2468 wandao2000@yahoo.com

Luke Ford - 587-891-8148 f5simmentals@hotmail.com

Mark Trabysh - 780-208-2375 jtrabysh@mcsnet.ca

View the catalogue online at



The 2014

A Fully Integrated Media Solution - NOW in Print and ONLINE Give your bull sale the exposure it needs and its best chance of reaching the 70,000 Beef Cattle Producers in Canada, using the Western Canadian Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide.

Tiffiny Taylor Sales & Special Projects tiffiny.taylor@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (204) 228-0842

Deborah Wilson Think of us as a one stop shop featuring new opportunities for additional exposure for your Bull Sale.

UNBEATABLE VALUE – FEATURES AND BENEFITS IN 2014: • In Print: Larger Full Colour Ads in leading Ag Publications to a Mass Audience of 101,000 across the western Canadian marketplace. • Online: All Bull Buyers Guide advertisers will receive an individual profile webpage online. Your ad will appear along with a company logo & short business description, all contact and social media information, & Google Maps listing. > Search widgets online across the www.agcanada.com, www.canadiancattlemen.ca, and www.farmersproductguide.com network drive potential buyers to your product and to your business.

ADVANTAGES • Massive distribution (103,000) total penetration of the western Canadian marketplace for cattle breeders, in the leading ag publications. • Full color with limited premium positions and double page spreads available. • 8 week shelf life, possibly longer for commercial breeders to reference later on. • Unbeatable value - about 2 cents per contact for a full page ad.

National Advertising Sales deb.wilson@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 325-1695

Crystal McPeak Account Executive crystal@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 646-6211

PUBLICATION SCHEDULE BBG#2 · FEB/MARCH 2014 EDITION February 27 - Manitoba Co-operator

BONUS

March 3 - Alberta Farmer Express

Book an ad in the 2014 Edition of the Bull Buyers

February 24 - Sask Wheel & Deal

Guide and receive a 20% DISCOUNT OFF any

Space and material deadline: February 12th

ad booked in Canadian Cattlemen or

Grainews - Cattlemen’s Corner


57

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Bull Buyer Ad_Layout 1 1/5/14 9:28 AM Page 1

Lazy LLaaazzy RC RC Ranch Raaannncch Bull R Buull Sale B Sallee

3

FFebruary Fe br

amp am mple l of o th tthe he bulls in the he the th he sale l :: le sample :: a sam

Monday

Lunch: 11:00 a.m.

Sale: 1:00 p.m.

20014 22014

at the Lazy RC Ranch Beechy, SK

RCSB 211Z

RCSB 216Z

66

Red & Black Long Yearling Bulls (Coming Two's) RCSB 2118Z

RCSB 248Z (RC)

Information & Catalogue available online @:

www.lazyrcranch.com RCSB 2125Z

RCSB 250Z

Can’t Make it to the Sale?

e, Mid Nite 26X Son of New Herd Sir

RCSB 2131Z

– SALE LOCATION – LAZY RC RANCH AT BEECHY, SK. Catalogue (when available), Directions to the Ranch & Updated Info will be available at:

www.lazyrcranch.com

BID ONLINE visit www.dlms.ca or call 780.699.5082 for more info

VISITORS ALWAYS WELCOME!!

Lazy RC Ranch

Russ & Cindy Sibbald Ph: 306.859.2244 • Cell: 306.859.7726 Box 329, Beechy, SK S0L 0C0

Email: lazyrcranch@xplornet.ca Website: www.lazyrcranch.com


58

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

59


60

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

31st Annual

Rawes Ranches Ltd.

PERFORMANCE

TESTED CHAROLAIS

BULL SALE

125 TWO-YEAR-OLDS

When you want more pounds... When you want more uniformity... When you want more selection...

COME VISIT US! Catalog – Pictures - Video online:

The ranch where performance is no accident!

www.rawesranches.com John & Myrna Rawe 780.376.3598 Philip & Marie Harty 780.376.2241

9th Annual Family Day Sale February 17, 2014

1:00 p.m. at the farm at Athabasca, AB – Lunch at 11:30 a.m.

SELLING:

At Ole Farms we have grown to where we will be breeding over 2000 cows next year. With this growth we have learned that in order to be pro�itable a cow must feed herself on forages for as many days as possible with a minimum of mechanical intervention. She must calve by herself because dif�icult calving eats at pro�its and is not tolerated. Cows must be able to hold condition and rebreed without being pampered. Cows must be deep, thick and easy �leshing, with solid feet and udders. We raise our purebred Angus bulls with these qualities in mind. Our sale bulls are 21 months of age. They are moderate, forage developed and ready to make your operation more pro�itable.

170 RED AND BLACK ANGUS 2 YEAR OLD BULLS STRONG SET OF 180 COMMERCIAL BLACK ANGUS BRED HEIFERS DUE TO START CALVING MAY 1ST

CANADA’S LARGEST SELECTION OF 2 YEAR OLD ANGUS BULLS

“Sharing in the Excitement of Agriculture”

Sale Managed by:

Kelly & Anna Olson: 780-675-4664 – Kelly Cell: 780-689-7822 Travis: 780-689-8324 – Graham: 780-675-0112

www.olefarms.com


61

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

50 Yearling Bulls, 10 2Yr Old Bulls, 15 Commercial Heifers Bulls Available for Viewing Any Time!

1 PM MST :: Monday, February 24, 2014 Beechinor Bros Sales Facility :: Bentley, AB

Dan & Stacy Romanyk Stacy: 780-718-0622 Dan: 780-974-7486 E: stacy.romanyk@yahoo.ca

John & Michelle Beechinor Stefon & Becca Beechinor John: 403-748-2406 Stefon: 403-597-4001 E: beechbros@hotmail.com

Rob & Deanne Young P: 780-696-3643 C: 780-514-0758 E: show12win@yahoo.ca W: www.highcountrycattle.com


62

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

RICHMOND RANCH GRASS COUNTRY BULL SALE

ogue or l a t a c For a o call Jim! vide 8-2103 6 403/3 23-8433 403/3

Friday,

MARCH 7

at the Ranch

Several Sons of

RICHMOND XCELLAR SRD 137X

Will Sell

www.richmondranch.com

BONCHUK FARMS Bull Sale SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 2014 AT HEARTLAND LIVESTOCK, VIRDEN, MB SALE AT 1:00 • JOIN US FOR LUNCH AT 11:00

Dave Bonchuk - 204-773-0467 or 204-842-3706 Wayne Bonchuk - 204-796-0004 Amy Bonchuk - 204-773-6140

70 BULLS REDS, BLACK, FULLBLOOD/FLECK SIMMENTAL BULLS

Check catalogue online at

www.bonchukfarms.com or www.bouchardlivestock.com


63

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

20th Annual “Back to the Basics” Bull Sale February 8, 2014, 1:30 PM (MST) at the Ranch • 40 Hereford Horned & Polled • 80 Black Angus 2 Year Olds • 4 Black Angus Yearlings Approximately 100 Commercial Females

120 – 2 YEAR OLD BULLS FOR SALE Nothing previously sold from the 2012 calf crop

MJT AJ 409Z

MJT TOUCHDOWN 488Z

MJT MAX 554Z

MJT KODIAK 591Z

MJT MAX 499Z

MJT KODIAK 450Z

MJT NITRO 26Z

MJT AVATAR 15Z

Join us for Lunch

MJT MAGNUM 512

MJT NITRO Heavy Hitter ET 76A

MJT NITRO DUKE ET78A

• Bring your trailer on Sale Day for $150 off each bull you purchase • MJT bulls are semen tested, guaranteed

Mick & Debbie Trefiak And Family

• MJT does not trim any bulls feet • 80% of MJT customers are repeat customers

Ph (780) 755-2224 Fax (780) 755-2223 Mick’s cell (780) 842-8835 Kurt’s cell (780) 619-2224 Sale Day Phone: (780) 755-2224 or (780) 755-3260

View our Catalogue Online www.buyagro.com Web site: www.mjt.ca Email: mick@mjt.ca or kurt@mjt.ca

R.R. #1, Edgerton, AB T0B 1K0 - 14 miles East of Wainwright and 11 1/2 miles North on Secondary Hwy 894


64

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

T 9 2

LEWIS FARMS

H

ANNUAL BULL SALE -

1:00 PM FEB. 22 , 2014 LFE RS LEWIS

SELLING: 140 Simmental Yearlings

WIS 336A

E LFE RS L

3030Z

120 Extra Age 40 Angus Yearlings

Yearling Simmental

Extra Age Simmental

ADVANCE X TO

14N

TEEN X 5

SPRINGS

P GUN

LFE BS LEWIS

WIS 365A

E LFE BS L

Yearling Simmental GE

TLE X ED

OT FULL THR

IS 519A

W LFE FS LE

Yearling Simmental X RAMADA

Extra Age Simmental RANCHER X DR EA

M ON

Bulls Fertility & Semen Tested

Volume Discounts

LFE FS LEWIS

572Z

Extra Age Simmental AVALANCHE X SH

JUSTICE

ERLOCK

RED LFE LEWIS

Z

EWIS 814

LFE BA L

3118Z

826Z

Many Bulls Homozygous Polled

Angus OVATOR OR X INN HARVEST

Angus

BIG SKY X DSG

N KING

Website: www.lewisfarms.ca Office Email: info@lewisfarms.ca Ken & Corrie Email: corrie@lewisfarms.ca Ken Lewis: 780-818-3829 Kyle Lewis: 780-220-9188 Jordan Buba: 780-818-4047 Fullblood Bull Contact - Leonard Mark: 780-336-5424 Office Ph.: 780-962-5050 Fax: 780-962-2467


65

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Black Pearl Bull & Female Sale March 9, 2014 Edwards Livestock Centre Tisdale, SK

Yellowstone 286W

Youngdale Excaliber 32X

Eagle Eye

Rock Star 58X

Selling Yearling Bulls & Heifers

Royal Angus Farm

Glenn and Mel Sisson Box 22 RR 1, Ridgedale, SK S0E 1L0 Ph: 306.873.4882 (Glenn) Ph/Fax: 306.873.4890 (Mel) Located 18 miles North of Tisdale 2 miles West and 2 miles North

T Bar C Cattle Co. Ltd.

4-3342 Millar Ave., Saskatoon, SK S7K 7G9 info@tbarc.com | www.tbarc.com Chris’ Cell: 306.220.5006 Ted’s Cell: 306.221.2711 Shane’s Cell: 403.363.9973

View the offering, watch and bid online. See our website for details: w w w. s i s s o n b r o s . c o m Black Pearl Cattlemen.indd 1

1/6/2014 2:58:27 PM


66

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Rivercrest - Valleymere 11 th Annual

Spady Bull Sale

Wednesday, April 9th, 2014

at the Ranch

Herd Sires: BW WW YW MILK

Lead Off Bull & 2nd High Selling Bull at LLB 2012 Spring Sale

Sire: Limestone Darkhorse U322 MGS: SAV Net Worth 4200

High Selling Yearling Bull at Bar E-L 2013 Spring Sale

BAR E-L EXECUTOR 23X

BW +3.4 WW +65 YW +106 MILK +30

Sire: HF Tiger 5T MGS: Rainbow Hills Prime Cut 114P

Yearling Bulls

BW +3.3 WW +54 YW +103 MILK +24

+4.2 +46 +92 +23

LLB DARKHORSE 328Y

120 Black Angus

BW +2.3 WW +58 YW +103 MILK +17

PEAK DOT ELIMINATOR 780Z

SOO LINE KODIAK 9169

Sire: SAV Eliminator 9105 MGS: SAV 004 Predominant 4438

Sire: HF Kodiak 5R MGS: Bon View New Design 878

2nd High Selling Yearling Bull at Peak Dot 2013 Spring Sale

BW +1.8 WW +61 YW +114 MILK +27

FV MANDATE MAN 146Y Sire: Sydgen Mandate 6079 MGS: FV 20K King 308M

* Volume Buyer Incentive * Sight Unseen Guarantee * Semen Tested * Free Delivery or $50 Credit if you take your bulls home Sale Day Visit our website for more details www.rivercrestangus.com

Craig Spady 403-740-4978 Travis Spady 780-879-2298 Tom Spady 780-879-2180 Brian Spady 780-879-2110


67

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

March 6, 2014 1:00 pm Spring Creek Ranch, Moosomin, SK

130 Red & Black Simmentals, Red & Black Angus & Black Bestbeef bulls.

It’s more than just a bull purchase at the "In Pursuit of Perfection" Bull Sale We become a partner in your cattle operation!

Our Innovative “Customer Care Programs” are designed to support all Cattlemen near and far! Never buy insurance again (included in bull purchase price) – IPOP Warranty /Insurance – Get the Use of a Yearling and We winter him to a Two Year Old – IPOP Wintering Program – We value our Partnerships in the Cattle Business – IPOP Repeat Customer Incentives – Your One Stop Shop for Multiple Purchases (2%-12% volume incentives) – IPOP Volume Purchase Incentives –

Customer Satisfaction Guaranteed! To view full program details visit one of our websites www.blacksandcattle.com or www.springcreeksimmentals.com or give us a shout to discuss further!


68

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

The March 2014 YEARLING AND TWO YEAR OLD BULLS FOR SALE BY PRIVATE TREATY

• 1 Toast 30T son • 1 Timberline son • 1 Sakic son • 1 Bodacious son • 1 Forester Lakota son • 1 Stalion son • 1 Mr. Beef son

• 1 New Trend son • 1 Chopper K Reistol son • 1 No Equal son • 1 Black Dot Resolute son Grand sons from Towaw Indeed and New Trend

Don & Melanie Morin

A Fully Integrated Media Solution - NOW in Print and ONLINE Give your bull sale the exposure it needs and its best chance of reaching the 70,000 Beef Cattle Producers in Canada, using the Western Canadian Comprehensive Bull Buyers Guide.

UNBEATABLE VALUE – FEATURES AND BENEFITS IN 2014: • In Print: Larger Full Colour Ads in leading Ag Publications to a Mass Audience of 101,000 across the western Canadian marketplace. • Online: All Bull Buyers Guide advertisers will receive an individual profile webpage online. Your ad will appear along with a company logo & short business description, all contact and social media information, & Google Maps listing. > Search widgets online across the www. agcanada.com, www.canadiancattlemen.ca, and www.farmersproductguide.com network drive potential buyers to your product and to your business.

PUBLICATION SCHEDULE

Thank you to last years buyers and bidders. Our bulls are fed a low protein high energy forage based ration, establishing a solid breeding bull to last for many years.

For more info call Don Morin @ (204) 422 5216 or e-mail rsra@mts.net or visit our web site ridgesideredangus.com

BBG#2 · FEB/MARCH 2014 EDITION February 27 - Manitoba Co-operator March 3 - Alberta Farmer Express February 24 - Sask Wheel & Deal Space and material deadline: February 12th

Crystal McPeak

Tiffiny Taylor

Deborah Wilson

Account Executive crystal@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 646-6211

Sales & Special Projects tiffiny.taylor@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (204) 228-0842

National Advertising Sales deb.wilson@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 325-1695

Gary & Donna Beck Wade & Cynthia Beck Mark & Tami Beck Box 5, Lang, SK S0G 2W0 306.436.4564 wcbeck@sasktel.net

The Nicholas Family Box 479, Milestone, SK S0G 3L0 Gary & Florence: 306.436.4301 Chad & Carrie: 306.436.2086 cnicholas@mccoycattle.com www.mccoycattle.com Sale Management T Bar C Cattle Co. Ltd. 306-933-4200 info@tbarc.com

View the catalogue online at www.buyagro.com or www.mccoycattle.com


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Canadian Hereford Association • 5160 Skyline Way NE, Calgary, AB T2E 6V1 • 1-888-836-7242 • herefords@hereford.ca

69


70

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

19th AnnuAl

Bar

Bull SAlE

3R Limousin

march 20, 2014 • 1:00 pm (mST) croSSroadS cenTre – oyen, ab

The Rea Family Marengo, SK

SPECIALIZING IN RED GALLOWAY

We are proud to present one of the largest selections of Red Galloways in Canada

SELLING RED bLACK POLLED 20 YEARLINGS & 20 2 YEAR OLDS

Join us for our

ALBERTA PLAID GALLOWAY

UNDER PRESSURE

Bull and Female Sale

Guest consignor : CHICKADEE FARM ( Jim and Laurel King )

KEVIN

306-463-7950

KEN

306-463-7454 306-968-2923

r3bar@hotmail.com

TITANIUM

March 18, 2014 1:00 p.m. at the Innisfail Auction Mart Sale catalogue available by request or on our website

XIbIT

Free Delivery!

Talk to us about our Sight On Seen Purchase & Boarding Program

YOUNG GUN

ELVIS

Steve & Bonnie Schweer RR 1 Red Deer, Alberta, T4N 5E1 Phone: 403-227-3428 * Cell: 403-304-7354 Email: schweer@xplornet.com Website: www.albertaplaidgalloway.ca

TOLEDO

www.bohrson.com

CATALOGUE ON-LINE IN COLOUR AT www.LivestockXchange.ca CATALOGUE ON-LINE IN COLOUR AT:

ULRICH H

AGA 46E BRITISHER ET 2U – C02925141

Delivers calving ease and excellent top & thickness • BW Trait leading BW EPD +1.3 Calving Ease +6.8 Sale includes excellent set of Long Yearlings by ALNK 2U

E

R

E

F

O

Specializing in Light Birthweights with Great Performance plus Remarkable Cows!

R

D

ALNK 114L

Watch for progeny from these & other fine sires in our

8th Annual Bull & Heifer Sale

Tuesday

Feb 25th , 2014

Balog Auction • Lethbridge, AB • 1:00 PM Lunch 11:30 AM • Sale day phone: (403) 320-1980

AGA 26R WHAM HAMMER 87W – C02933144 Thick, deep & long, with an exciting pedigree, 87W’s sons are easy-fleshing replicas and the daughters are pretty with great udders. No bulls sell in Medicine Hat or Calgary. All our best bulls are in this sale!

ULRICH HEREFORD RANCH INC Box 843, Claresholm, Alberta T0L 0T0 From Claresholm: 8 mi (12.8 km)E, 4 mi (6.4 km) N & 1/4 mile E

Peter Ulrich cell (403) 625-1036 peter@ulrichherefords.com fax: (403) 625-2399 Hans Ulrich (403) 625-2237 www.ulrichherefords.com

S


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Angus, simmentAl And ChArolAis Bulls

71


72

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Bull Sale

4th Annual Ranch Raised

Highway

West

Multi-Breed Bull Sale MARCH 22, 2014 • 1:00 PM MAYERTHORPE AG BARN VIEWING: 10:00 AM • LUNCH: 12:00 PM

50

BULLS ON OFFER

THESE ARE ALL PAPERED, 100% GUARANTEED BREEDING BULLS.

4 BREEDS CONSIGNED BY: GELBVIEH HMR GELBVIEH

HORNED HEREFORD VERBEEK HEREFORDS

BLACK ANGUS KALA RANCH RONAN R ANGUS TRI A ANGUS

SIMMENTAL HORNBANK SIMMENTALS NOLARA FARMS

FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL: Henry Roy (780)723-2361 Auctioneering By

(780)542-7323

VIEW THE CATALOG ONLINE AT WWW.TIMBERLINDAUCTIONS.COM

Conntrast_2014_Prime-BullBuyersGuide-outlines.indd 1

03/01/2014 2:36:42 PM


73

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

2

Year Old

Black Angus Bull Sale

FEBRUARY 6, 2014

FORT MACLEOD AUCTION FEATURING:

85

Rugged Rising Two Year Olds! Summer grazed on grass from April 26 to October 15 for development of their future. Many 1�/2 and 3�/4 brothers. Bred & Owned STACEY & MICHEL STAUFFER & FAMILY Contact Us For A Catalogue

Box 2377, Pincher Creek, AB T0K 1W0

sranches@telus.net Office: 403-627-2190 Stacey’s Cell: 403-627-8229


74

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

MURPHY RANCH 2 YEAR OLD RED AND BLACK

POLLED LIMOUSIN BULLS

FOR SALE at our Ranch near Altario, AB

TOP GENETICS AND TOP QUALITY PROUD OWNERS OF 2 OF THE TOP 5 CANADIAN SHOW SIRES OF 2013

CONTACT:

MURPHY RANCH

403-552-2191

FRANK’S CELL

780-753-1959

www.murphyranch.ca


75

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

Blu-Ray

Full Fleckvieh

Sonic

Polled Purebred

Fake ID

Full Fleckvieh

Polled

Tortuga

Full Fleckvieh

Black Beard

Polled Purebred

Rayban

Full Fleckvieh


76

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

PRAIRIE GRASS RED ANGUS BULL SALE 24TH ANNUAL

Mon. March 17, 2014

SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 2014 1:00 P.M. The Bull Pen Arena Thorlakson Feedyards Airdrie, Alberta 4.5 Miles East of Airdrie on #567 & 2 Miles North on RR 284

VJV Foothills auction Stavely, aB

Gloria Blades Nanton AB 403-646-2101

Inte rn Avaet Bid ilab din le g

www .dlm

s.ca

80

SELLING: PERFORMANCE TESTED YEARLING BULLS

Bulls can be viewed at Thorlakson Feedyards

View Color Catalogue & Video Preview Online at www.dlms.ca

B

a

RED ROCK RED ANGUS

BEISEKER RED ANGUS

Peter & Maxine Schmaltz

R.R. #2 Airdrie,A B T4B 2A4

(403) 912-1025

Quality affordable ranch raised Bulls For ranchers

John, Karen, Jim, Laurie Brigan & Families RR #2, Site 8, Box 8, Airdrie,A B T4B 2A4

(403) 948-5215

(403) 948-5412

If you are interested in Genomics we genotype tested 84 bull calves for the most important traits in beef production resulting in Leptin - Feed Efficiency 58% homozygous TT 42% CT PMCH Tenderness & Marbling 82% AA 18% AT Catalogue Online After Feb 20th

www.coyotepub.com/blades or at vjvfoothillsauction.com

Go “Direct” To Current Price Information Daily Presort Calf Sales Across Western Canada • DLMS Direct Off-farm Sale • Thursday at 10:00 am

Godfrey Ranch CANADA’S NEWEST BREED IRISh BlACkTM & IRISh RED CATTlETM

FOR SAlE BY pRIvATE TREATY

For Sale Top Quality High Performance Bulls

Home: 403-578-2220 Cell: 403-740-9576 • Castor, AB

www.canadairishblack.com

SPRING BULL SALE Offering Groups of Two Year old and Yearling Red Angus, Black Angus and Polled Hereford Bulls. As well as Open and Bred Customer Raised Commercial Females.

Greg: 780 806 1319

March 19, 2014 Dryland Cattle Trading Corp in Veteran Alberta

www.pughfarms.ca

Farm: 780 755 2207


77

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

8th Annual

100% “Forage-Developed” BULL SALE

February 13th 2:00 pm Stettler Auction Mart • Stettler, AB

Featuring 35 Sons of SINCLAIR RITO 9R7 {Rito Revolve 0R5 x Sinclair Net Present Value} BW 3.8 WW 76 YW 126 M 17 TM 55 SC 0.72

Canada’s Largest Offering of 100% “Forage-Developed” 2 Yr. Old Bulls Angus & Red Angus 80+ Bulls

Featuring 15 sons of CROWFOOT EQUATION 5793R {OCC Legacy 839L x Shoshone PP 7105} BW 3.8 WW 38 YW 83 M 30 TM 49 SC 1.30

Starhuixin. Robot bull. 2008. Panoramio, Changning, Shanghai. 4 Dec 2012. <www.panoramio.com>

✓ Developed exclusively on grass and hay

✓ Predictable grass-based maternal Angus genetics

✓ Sound athletic bulls that gain weight breeding

✓ 85% to repeat customers annually across Canada

✓ Highly fertile bulls - will settle more cows

✓ 64 years & 3rd generation purebred bull supplier

✓ More years service on your bull investment

Request or view video and catalog at:

✓ Environmentally sorted to be the right kind of bulls for most commercial cattle operations ✓ 550 Forage-Developed bulls sold to 85% repeat buyers across Canada indicate versatility, virility and value!

www.chapmancattle.com

Silas Chapman (403) 741-2099 | Shane Castle, Castlerock Marketing (306) 741-7485 | Auctioneer: Don Raffan (250) 558-6789

LLB

28

th AnnuAl

Spring Spectacular

Bull & FEMAlE SAlE at the farm, Erskine AB

MARCh 15, 2014

Offering over 700 head of Quality Black & Red Angus Cattle Canada’s largest Angus Production Sale

150 yearling heifers • 300 commercial heifers new Sale Feature this year

LLBAngus

150 yearling bulls • 100 two year old bulls

100 commercial bred heifers

Contact us for a sale catalogue

llbangus@xplornet.com catalogue online www.llbangus.com

Lee, Laura & Jackie Brown Trish & Tim henderson Box 217, erskine, alberta T0c 1G0

Phone: 403-742-4226 Fax: 403-742-2962


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

W

S F

ilkinridge tock

CornerstoneBull Sale

arm

“More Bang For Your Buck”

SATURDAY APRIL 19, 2014 – 1:30PM Whitewood Auction Mart – Whitewood Sask.

60 – RED ANGUS and CHAROLAIS Bulls Sell

April 12, 2014 - 1:00 p.m.

Red Angus

“Programs You Can Count On”

Phil Birnie & Lana Kormos 306 577 7440 wraz@sasktel.net Gordon Murray 306 646 7980

GRUNTHAL AUCTION MART

Good haired, Easy Fleshing, Stout, Sound and Semen Tested!

Brimner Cattle Co. Kelly & Tracy Brimner 306 577 7698 ktbrim@sasktel.net

HERD SIRES The 2014

RIPTIDE

WIZARD

MR. RUSYLVIA 34X

MAINE ANJOU & RED ANGUS

PUBLICATION SCHEDULE BBG#2 · FEB/MARCH 2014 EDITION February 27 - Manitoba Co-operator March 3 - Alberta Farmer Express

SID WILKINSON

February 24 - Sask Wheel & Deal Space and material deadline: February 12th

(204) 373-2631 ph • 324-4302 cell www.wilkinridge.blogspot.com

Tiffiny Taylor

Deborah Wilson

Crystal McPeak

tiffiny.taylor@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (204) 228-0842

deb.wilson@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 325-1695

crystal@fbcpublishing.com Phone: (403) 646-6211

New Ideas - From Old Values

Stewart Cattle Co. & Guests

Formerly Herefords 1945 New IdeasTrefiak - From Old Since Values Formerly Trefiak Herefords Since 1945 The Genetics You Need! TheThe Genetics You Need! For Cattle You Want!

6th Annual Black Angus Bull Sale

For The Cattle You Want!

New Ideas - From Old Values Formerly Trefiak Herefords Since 1945

The Genetics You Need! For The Cattle You Want!

40 Black Angus Bulls & 8 Simmental x Angus Bulls 12 Registered Black Angus Replacement Heifers

International Qualified Semen & Embryos of World Class

FEBRUARY 27 / 2014 1:00pm

International Qualified Semen & Embryos of World Class

SS-TOPLINE POWERHOUSE ET888Z SS-TOPLINE POWERHOUSE ET888Z Tremendously powerful bullawith a 4lb/day Tremendously powerful bull with 4lb/day gain. gain. Admired by cattlemen everywhere we display Admired by cattlemen everywhere we display him. him.

NEEPAWA AG-PLEX

New IdeasAccomplishments: - From Old Values Accomplishments:

Formerly Herefords Since SCC Upgrade 13A Top of the Hereford breed at Stockade Round-up. • • Top ofofthe Hereford breed1945 at Stockade Round-up. International Qualified SemenTrefiak & Embryos World Class • • Farmfair International Class Winner. Farmfair International Class Winner. SS-TOPLINE POWERHOUSE ET888Z • Canadian Bull Congress Hereford Bull CalfBull Rancher’s Choice. Choice. Canadian Bull Congress Hereford Calf Rancher’s Tremendously powerful bull with a 4lb/day gain.• • • Grand Champion All Breeds Bull Vermillion Fair 2013. Grand Champion All Breeds Bull Vermillion Fair 2013. Admired by cattlemen everywhere we display him. • • Grand Champion Horned Hereford Bull Lloyd Round-up. Grand Champion Horned Hereford BullStockade Lloyd Stockade Round-up. Accomplishments: • Reserve Grand Champion National Hereford Bull Show Farm Fair. • Top of the Hereford breed at Stockade Round-up. • Reserve Grand Champion National Hereford Bull Show Farm Fair. Champion Yearling Agribition. Alberta Supreme and Agribition • Farmfair International Class Winner. • • Reserve Champion BeefReserve Supreme Qualifier Yearling Agribition. Alberta Supreme and Agribition • Canadian Bull Congress Hereford Bull Calf Rancher’s Choice. Beef Supreme Qualifier International Qualified Semen & Embryos of World Class • Grand Champion All Breeds Bull Vermillion Fair 2013.

The Genetics You Need! For The Cattle You Want!

See you Seeatyou our atCorrals. our

Corrals.

• • •

Grand Champion Horned Hereford Bull Lloyd Stockade Round-up. Sheldon & Shannon Archibald Reserve Grand Champion National Hereford Bull Show Farm Fair. Reserve Champion Yearling Agribition. Alberta Supreme Agribition bull with a Irma, AB andpowerful Tremendously Beef Supreme Qualifier Visit us 6 miles North of Irma, Alberta on Irma, Admired byAB cattlemen everywhere Secondary 881, and 1 mile east (SW26-46-09W4) Visit us 6 miles North of Irma, Alberta on

SS-TOPLINE POWERHOUSE ET888Z Sheldon & Shannon Archibald 4lb/day gain.

Sheldon & Shannon Archibald Irma, AB

Visit us 6 miles North of Irma, Alberta on Secondary 881, and 1 mile east (SW26-46-09W4)

(780) 754-2850

www.sscattle.ca sscattle@telus.net

See you at our Corrals.

we display him.

Accomplishments: (780) 754-2850 Secondary 881, and 1 mile east (SW26-46-09W4)

• Top of the Hereford breed at Stockade Round-up. (780) 754-2850 Champion Bulls at Economy Prices •

Farmfair International Class Winner.

Polled and HornedBulls Bulls www.sscattle.ca Champion atAvailable Economy Prices • Canadian Bull Congress Bull CalfBulls Rancher’s Choice. Visit to Hereford See More Champion in Our Pens sscattle@telus.net Polled Horned • Grand Champion All Breeds Bull and Vermillion Fair Bulls 2013. Available www.sscattle.ca

Visit to See More Champion Bulls in Our Pens Champion Bulls Economy Prices Horned • at Grand Champion Hereford Bull Lloyd Stockade Round-up. sscattle@telus.net SALE CATALOGUE Polled and Horned Bulls Available • Reserve Grand Champion National Hereford Bull Show Farm Fair. Visit to See More Champion Bulls in Our Pens

& VIDEO

willand beAgribition available from Reserve Champion Yearling Agribition. Alberta Supreme consignors or online Beef Supreme Qualifier

Sheldon & Shannon Archibald Irma, AB

Visit us 6 miles North of Irma, Alberta on Secondary 881, and 1 mile east (SW26-46-09W4)

(780) 754-2850

www.sscattle.ca sscattle@telus.net

www.stewartcattle.com

Grandsire of SCC Upgrade 13A

FREE BOARD on all bull purchases until April 1, 2014 Stewart Cattle Co.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.773.6392 DJ Cattle Co.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.841.3880 Champion Bulls at Economy Prices Legaarden Livestock. Polled and Horned Bulls Available . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204.546.3052 Visit to See More Champion Bulls in Our Pens


ment:

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

MENTALS

R PLUS SIM

R PLUS SIMMENTALS R PLUS c & Sons Ross LeBlan S4A 2L7

Ross LeBla Box 1476 E

Ross LeBlanc & Sons Box 1476 Estevan, SK S4A 2L7

306.421.18 Marlin 306.634.8031 Ross 306.421.9909 Cell 306.421.2470 Jason

Marlin 30 Cell 30

Marlin 306.634.8031 Cell 306.421.2470

Ross

306.421.1824

Ross

30

Jason

306.421.9909

Jason

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306.421.1824

Jason an306.421.9909 ement: Sales M ag

OBI

Sales Management:

R PLUS SIMMENTALS Rob Holowaychuk Sales Management:

OBI

OBI

780.916.2628

OBI

Ross LeBlanc & Sons waychuk Mark Holo RobEstevan, Holowaychuk Box 1476 SK S4A 2L7 403.896.4990Rob Holowaychuk

Rob Holowaychuk 780.916.2628

Marlin 306.634.8031 Holowaychuk Cell Mark 306.421.2470

Mark Holowaychuk 403.896.4990

Jason

780.916.2628

Ross 403.896.4990 306.421.1824 306.421.9909

van, SK

R PLUS SIMMENTALS

Ross

Sales Management:

x 1476 Este

Bo Ross LeBlanc & Sons 634.8031 arlin 306. SK S4A Box 1476MEstevan, 2L7 306.421.2470

780.916.2628

Mark Holowaychuk 403.896.4990

Cell

24


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 16, 2014

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