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Beef industry urged to unite Task force calls for a broader view » Page 3

Straw power

Burner converts biomass to electricity » Page 23

January 9, 2014




Old favourites and new ideas at Ag Days

Coal ban goes into effect, sort of Coal users will have until 2017 to switch, provided they file a conversion plan by June 30

This year’s show is bigger than ever, but there’s still a long waiting list of exhibitors wanting to get their wares indoors

By Shannon VanRaes co-operator staff


hose hoping to burn the coal they got in their stockings this Christmas are out of luck, at least in Manitoba. But while the province’s ban on burning coal and petroleum coke for heat officially came into effect on Jan. 1, a grace period of three years means that in practice, many will continue to burn the fuel until July 2017. Keystone Agricultural Producers advocated for a delay in the implementation of the ban so that biomass — waste such as flax shives, oat hulls, cattails, switchgrass and wheat straw — could take a lead role in the transition away from fossil fuels. “ We definitely need the extra time... we have to have a supply chain up and running,” said KAP president, Doug Chorney. See COAL BAN on page 6 »

While space has been added at the Keystone Centre, there’s still a waiting list of about 70 exhibitors who want to get into Manitoba’s largest annual farm show.   photo: sandy black By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor

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on’t worry too much if you’re all a-twitter at Manitoba Ag Days this

year. Social media is now part of the package as Manitoba Ag Days 2014 and show organizers have set up a Twitter account (@MBAgDays) and Facebook page (facebook. com/MBAgDays) this year to provide updates and promote the event. Organizers are also encouraging attendees to tweet

about the show in real time using #agdays2014 hashtag. But it’s still “100 per cent pure farming” at Manitoba Ag Days as the event lives up to its reputation as the largest indoor trade show in the country completely dedicated to agriculture, organizers say. Ag Days runs from Tuesday, Jan. 21 to Thursday, Jan. 23 at Brandon’s Keystone Centre. Everyone thinks of Manitoba Ag Days as an indoor show, but for those brave enough to venture outside in January in Manitoba, there is plenty of

new equipment on display outdoors. There are always more companies seeking display space than there is room, says co-chair Blake Nestibo. “A few years ago we had a waiting list of around 100 exhibitors and we thought that with the addition of the Agricultural Centre of Excellence to the Keystone we’d be able to accommodate all those extra exhibitors who wanted in to our show,” he says. “But we still have a significant waiting list of approximately 70 this year, as there’s

always more people wanting to be a part of Manitoba Ag Days.” After being closed for the last couple of years, the newly refurbished MNP Theatre will be available once again to accommodate a number of the speaker sessions. There are favourite topics such as agronomy, market outlooks, farm business planning and technology, as well as speakers discussing farm workplace health and safety. The Farm Safety display area will feature variSee AG DAYS on page 6 »



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Did you know?


Paying kids to eat veg

Turning spent birds into glue Alberta chemist finds new use for carcasses

Paying children to eat healthy may be more economical Staff


CROPS Warmer West good for corn and beans But future weather will also be variable


FEATURE Zilmax: An investigative report Controversy sparked by missing hooves


CROSSROADS From the Ottoman Empire to Killarney Farmer relates how father came to Canada

4 5 8 10

Editorials Comments What’s Up Livestock Markets


esearchers at Brigham Young and Cornell universities say the good news is that a new U.S. government rule has schools serving an extra $5.4 million worth of fruits and vegetables each day. The bad news is that a study shows the kids discard 70 per cent of it. “We saw a minor increase in kids eating the items, but there are other ways to achieve the same goal that are much, much cheaper,” BYU economics professor, Joe Price said in a release. The cheaper solution may be to pay them. Researchers conducted a second study to measure the effect of small rewards. The week-long experiments took on different twists in 15 different schools — some could earn a nickel, others a quarter, and others a raffle ticket for a larger prize. But the results were generally the same. The scholars reported in The Journal of Human Resources that offering small rewards increased the fruit and vegetable consumption by 80 per cent. The amount of wasted food declined by 33 per cent.

The researchers say this raises the question of whether benevolent bribery is a better way. “We feel a sense of dirtiness about a bribe. But rewards can be really powerful if the activity creates a new skill or changes preferences.” The researchers say that with healthy eating, for example, some fear that prizes will prevent children from developing their own motivation to eat well. Another danger, known as a “boomerang effect,” is the possibility that some children would eat fewer fruits and

vegetables when the rewards disappeared. When the week of prizes ended, students went back to the same level of fruit and vegetable consumption as before. There was no lasting improvement, but no boomerang effect either. The researchers are studying whether extending the experiments over three to five weeks might yield lasting change, and say so far things look promising. “I don’t think we should give incentives such a bad rap,” Price said. “They should be considered part of a set of tools we can use.”



Grain Markets Weather Vane Classifieds Sudoku

11 16 27 30

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Beef industry leaders urged to unite for the common good

A high-level task force calls on industry leaders to take a broader view and work together to drive improvements in Canadian beef quality and marketing By Jennifer Blair and Glenn Cheater STAFF


he leaders of Canada’s fractured beef sector need to work together and the rest of the industry needs to chip in more dollars for marketing and research, says a new report from a high-level task force. “We need to think as an industry, not just as sector components,” said marketing specialist Kim McConnell, one of a trio of respected industry veterans who have spent the past year consulting players in the sector from across the country. Mc C o n n e l l , a l o n g w i t h Alberta cattlemen David Andrews and John Kolk, were asked to undertake the initiative in the wake of a stinging critique by the Canadian AgriFood Policy Institute, which slammed the Canadian beef sector for being complacent and lacking a strategy to succeed. It highlighted a number of troubling issues, including that in 2011, Canada received $3.74 for each kilogram of beef it sold in the U.S., while Americans sold us their beef, often from Canadian-raised cattle, at an average of $6.55 a kilogram. It also found American beef exports, on a value basis, have increased six times faster than Canadian ones since 2005. The report from the Straw Man Beef Industry Initiative, released Dec. 30, calls for the creation of a new beef council and a step-by-step “resultsbased” strategy to make the industry more profitable, grow the national herd, and make Canadian beef the “preferred” choice at home and abroad. “The straw man process was industry led and built on a foundation of inclusion and engagement,” said Kolk. “Hundreds of people from all sectors of the industry eagerly participated and provided their thoughts and ideas.”

BIXS 2.0

Among the recommendations are a call for more checkoff dollars for marketing and research, and creating a “BIXS 2.0” that would drive improvements in beef quality and profitability. But the key to the whole effort will be how well industry leaders work together, said McConnell. The repor t recommends creating a “Council of Beef Leaders,” with its members capable of ensuring their “individual sector and association

“We need to think as an industry, not just as sector components.” KIM MCCONNELL

interests are parked at the door.” The group would meet twice a year and the focus would be on driving change, not creating yet another association, said McConnell. “We do not need another organization in this industry, but (we need an) industry forum where senior representatives from all sectors of this supply chain can meet and share insights and ideas and then work together to solve them,” he said. “This is a case of where the sum is greater than the parts.” But whether the industry sectors will be able to bring down their “many silos” to collaborate remains to be seen, he added. “This is an industry that takes great pride in its independence, and working collectively on those areas that will advance the whole industry is going to be a challenge,” said McConnell. The call to create BIXS 2.0 (short for Beef InfoXchange System) is another key recommendation. It would “collect, input and store all data (from genetics to production to carcass)” with the goal of improving both beef quality and profitability. Although this type of data is routinely shared between packers and feedlots, individual producers often don’t know how well their cattle rate unless they’re getting that info from a feeder they regularly sell to. The current version of BIXS needs to be revamped by March and has to meet the needs of all users, the report says. “It is imperative that the common repository be operational, efficient and sustainable,” it states. The report calls on government to help fund and promote BIXS 2.0, saying the system needs to cover two million calves annually. It should also include information on production protocols, notably antibiotic use, and cattle genetics.

eral possible funding models, including an increase of the national levy from the current $1 per head at time of sale to up to $5. It also says a packer checkoff should be considered, but doesn’t suggest a figure. “We think this is needed to build a strong and viable industry,” said McConnell. “We have to make sure we have the people and the money in place in order to do what needs to be done.” Ultimately, it will be up to industry leaders to determine how they wish to proceed with the recommendations. “We offered some thoughts on what should be in the plan, but the industry’s the one that needs to put that in place,” said McConnell. The report recommends the new leaders’ council be led by an “independent” chair and have two reps each from the Canadian Beef Breeds Council, Canada Beef Inc., the Canadian Cattlemen’s Association, and the National Cattle Feeders Association. As well, it recommends there be two youth reps (the president of the Young Cattlemen’s Council and one other) and a “senior representative” from the packing industry. Colin Jeffares, who recently retired as Alberta’s assistant deputy minister of agriculture, has been retained to convene the first meeting of the leaders’ council., glenn.

One of the report’s recommendation is for an enhanced version of the BIXS system for relaying carcass quality to the producer. FILE PHOTO

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Session Speakers: Earl Geddes Nicole Rogers CEO CIGI



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To fund promotion of the system and to ramp up beef marketing, the report proposes sev-

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Losing more farmer ownership


ne almost hesitates to say the words “wheat board” these days, as regardless of how you felt about the pros or cons of the single desk, you’re probably relieved that you don’t have to fight about it anymore. And regardless of how you felt about it, the old board is never coming back. But while there’s no point in fighting old battles, it’s worthwhile reviewing what’s John Morriss happened after a year and a bit of an open Editorial Director market. That’s prompted by the recent sale of the farmer-owned Lethbridge Inland Terminal in Alberta and the announcement that Weyburn Inland Terminal has put itself on the block. For those of us who’ve been around for a while, the latter news is somewhat ironic, as we remember some of the ragtag bunch who were responsible for getting Weyburn built in the 1970s. They had an almost pathological hate of the CWB, and their main motivation for building the terminal was as a way of freeing themselves from its evil talons. After a rocky start and a change to directors and management with a more practical approach, Weyburn went on to great success. Now, after a year without the single desk, Weyburn is throwing in the towel. But it turned out that part of that success was due to the CWB, as it was for other farmer-owned terminals that were built after. Groups of Prairie farmers, no matter how astute, can simply not play in the export wheat and barley business. They don’t have access to the massive amount of cheap capital required, nor can they handle the risk if things go wrong in a low-margin business. Just ask anyone paying demurrage on vessels at the West Coast these days, plus the interest on the value of the cargo and any penalties for not delivering on time. With the old CWB, these farmer-owned companies had both a banker with access to the world’s cheapest capital guaranteed by the Canadian government, and an export sales agent taking all the risk. Along with that they had guaranteed access to export terminals, even those owned by their larger competition. With good management in buying grain in the country, the independent terminals could compete. These companies have now lost their banker and sales agent, and while they have some terminal access through their investment in the Alliance Terminal at Vancouver, most of it is owned by the competition — Viterra, Cargill and JRI. They would just as soon handle the grain themselves. Which is fine — business is business. The rules have changed, and now everyone has to play by them. That brings us to the question of the new CWB versus the old Canadian Wheat Board. Again, let’s not revive old battles, but it will be recalled that single-desk opponents claimed that a change would be no big deal, implying that the board would retain much of the business while the companies would nip at its heels and keep it honest. That didn’t happen. The companies have taken the lion’s share of the business. Which raises the question of the role for the new CWB. The definition of an open or free market is not the absence of rules. It’s whether everyone plays under the same rules, and whether you liked them or not, that was the case under the old wheat board. We now have new rules, where all the companies have to compete on an equal basis — except CWB Ltd. It was given access to government-guaranteed capital for five years, and that guarantee presumably applies to trading losses as well as to any facility purchases. Last year it purchased Mission Terminals, and while it’s just speculation, it’s rumoured that it may be one of the bidders for Weyburn Inland Terminal. Oddly, the Mission Terminal purchase was met with a deafening silence. Grain companies seemed to say nothing, perhaps not wanting to be accused of sour grapes. Some of the old single-desk opponents privately admitted that they didn’t like it, but that it was a small price to pay for realizing their goal. The federal government has apparently gone along with it, presumably for the same reason. If so, there’s not much point. It won’t win back former CWB supporters. They were asking to keep the single desk, not for another grain company, and there is no evidence that one is needed — or at least, that any other than a large company can survive in the new environment. It’s unlikely that the new CWB will ever be large enough after it loses the government guarantee. In the interim, it shouldn’t be using it to compete with private companies, especially if it makes things more difficult for the ones that remain Canadian owned. It’s tough to see the loss of independent terminals, but in the post-single-desk world, it seems you have to be tough to survive.

Does Canadian beef demand respond to quality improvement? Research shows satisfaction with end cuts such as rounds and chucks is also important Beef Cattle Research Council


eef demand is an indication of consumers’ willingness to purchase, and refers to how much beef will be consumed at a given price. Higher beef consumption at higher prices indicates stronger demand; smaller consumption at a lower price indicates weaker demand. However, stronger demand can also be the result of lower consumption at higher prices or higher consumption at lower prices if the positive change is larger than the negative change. This is measured by the Canadian Retail Beef Demand Index. Beef demand is influenced by consumer income, prices of competing proteins (e.g. poultry, pork and lentils) and evolving consumer preferences for convenience, health benefits and taste. All sources of information indicate price is among the most important determinants of consumption, but previous studies have also shown that food safety and product quality are consistently the top two demand shifters for both ground beef and steak. A recent study led by Dr. John Cranfield



at the University of Guelph examined how changes in beef quality impact its demand in Canada. Among the lessons learned were the challenges of measuring and interpreting beef quality, trade-offs between quantity and quality, and relationships between beef and competing meats. The study found that increasing overall beef demand requires increasing the total value of cuts from the entire carcass. Predictable, consistent eating quality in middle meats (loin and rib-eye) are very important, but beef quality research that leads to increased consumer satisfaction with and consumption of end cuts (rounds and chucks) is equally important. Opportunities may exist to develop thin meats (e.g. cuts from the diaphragm and flank) into new products that are consistent, convenient, enjoyable and appealing to Canadian consumers. Increasing beef quality can have unintended consequences, particularly if it results in consumers focusing on a limited number of cuts from a small portion of the carcass and avoiding the rest. Products that consistently fail to meet consumers’ quality expectations have a significant negative impact on beef demand. The Beef Cattle Research Council maintains a blog at, where more information is available on this study.

January 1974

f you were interested in trying an early version of a yield monitor, you could save $20 by purchasing this model advertised in our Jan. 17, 1974 issue. Our front-page story carried the results of a plebiscite on whether to place rapeseed under the Canadian Wheat Board. Of 41,482 ballots distributed, 78.5 per cent were returned. Of those, 46.2 per cent favoured the board and 52.7 per cent favoured the open market. A 60 per cent vote was required to make a change. Another front-page story reported that wheat futures has soared to $5.92 in Chicago due to a shortage of wheat in the U.S. The chairman of the American Bakers Association said some observers were forecasting a possible increase to as much as $12. This was no doubt intended to encourage the government to act, as he said such an increase would take the price of bread to $1 per loaf. We also featured a report on Canada’s preparations for moving to the metric system. It noted that Canada should be careful not to move too far ahead of the U.S. on conversion, and the need for a co-ordinated approach. While 60 major industrial firms in the U.S. were said to be in favour of change at the time, the U.S. remains one of three countries that are metric holdouts. The other two are Burma and Liberia.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Ionophores mainly used in beef cattle Danish ban has led to increased use of antibiotics, says BCRC Beef Cattle Research Council



ntimicrobial resistance has become a highly charged issue. Headlines appear in the news on a regular basis suggesting that antibiotics are becoming less effective in humans and farmers are to blame. Some concerns have been raised that antimicrobial use in livestock leads to antimicrobial resistance and that some of the products used in food animals are closely related to antimicrobials that are important in human health. It’s also been questioned whether antimicrobial resistance can be transferred among bacteria, which may reduce effectiveness of drugs used in human medicine. Of course the Canadian beef industry is also concerned about antimicrobial resistance. Cattlemen depend on the effectiveness of animal health products, and on consumers’ confidence in how beef is raised and the safety of the beef they consume. And just like the rest of the society, farmers need human drugs to be effective too. We’re all in agreement on the seriousness of antimicrobial use and resistance. Several nations around the world have surveillance programs in place to monitor trends in antimicrobial use and resistance. In Canada, this is led by the Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (CIPARS). In the United States, surveillance is conducted by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS). These programs test for antimicrobial resistance in healthy animals arriving at slaughter plants as well as retail meat samples. In addition, various groups including the Beef Cattle Research Council and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada collect more detailed antimicrobial use and resistance information in a broader range of microbes and locations (e.g. feedlots, manure, soil, water). To date, scientific surveillance has indicated that

We welcome readers’ comments on issues that have been covered in the Manitoba Co-operator. In most cases we cannot accept “open” letters or copies of letters which have been sent to several publications. Letters are subject to editing for length or taste. We suggest a maximum of about 300 words. Please forward letters to Manitoba Co-operator, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, R3H 0H1 or Fax: 204-954-1422 or email: (subject: To the editor)

Does microbial work represent change? Two articles in the Dec. 19 issue referred to microbials — “Monsanto, Novozymes creating BioAg Alliance” and “Manitoba still lacking regulation when it comes to antibiotic use.” Unless misused, microbial solutions will offer some potential to improve agriculture. But what are microbial solutions as proposed by Monsanto and Novozymes? Hopefully the word “microbial” as used by people in these corporations is not just a concept to hide behind while little is being changed. My reading of books and newspapers leads me to believe that few changes have resulted from so-called research by scientists at Monsanto and elsewhere. Throughout history farmers and others have selected the most desirable seeds and the best animals. Corporations mainly oriented to profits for employees and shareholders now claim they can do better. Unfortunately this improvement in crop production and quality and enhanced animal growth is not visible to persons in the street. Are we perhaps being duped by those who think their biological products will play an important role in future agricultural production? If genetic modification and microbial solutions are viewed as more important than farmers’ wisdom, perhaps we should see such proof in augmented yields in crops and cattle and decreased pesticide use in fields. Unfortunately I see little change in agricultural output due to such technology as GMO products and research. Corporate scientists must not conceal themselves behind the jargon of progressive science. Rather let them demonstrate positively that they can help humanity. Barry Hammond Winnipeg

Continued use of antimicrobials of no importance to human health in Canadian beef production will be critical to the future competitiveness.

resistance to antimicrobials that are most important in human health is extremely uncommon in healthy North American cattle and beef. Multi-drug resistance is similarly low, and is not increasing.

Ionophores not antibiotics

In cattle, the vast majority of antimicrobials used are not used in human health at all. Let’s look more closely at the last point. The vast majority of antimicrobials used in cattle are ionophores. Ionophores act on rumen microbes; they selectively inhibit methanogenic bacteria and allow beneficial rumen bacteria to make more feed energy available to the animal, thereby improving feed efficiency and weight gain. Ionophores also prevent diseases like coccidiosis. Ionophores have no benefit to, nor are they licensed for use in humans. Even if microbes developed resistance to ionophores, this would not make them resistant to classes of antimicrobials that are used in human medicine. Eliminating antimicrobial growth promotants, including ionophores, in cattle production would substantially reduce the overall use of antimicrobials, but would that reduce concerns about antimicrobial resistance? Denmark phased out the use of those products in livestock production between 1994 and 1999. Since

2001, we can see a clear trend of increased use of prescribed veterinary antimicrobials. The decrease in antimicrobial use has happened in the “medium importance” category, antimicrobials are rarely used in human medicine anymore. Without the use of growthpromoting antimicrobials, the need for antimicrobials that are important to human health increased. In addition, there has been no clear trend towards decreased antimicrobial resistance in Danish cattle or beef. Canadian research has repeatedly shown that antimicrobials are used responsibly by Canadian beef producers, and resistance to the most important classes of antibiotics in human medicine remains extremely rare in beef cattle. Antimicrobial resistance will continue to be a research priority in Canada’s beef industry to maintain or improve current prudence. Continued use of antimicrobials of no importance to human health in Canadian beef production will be critical to the future competitiveness of and reduced environmental impacts by Canada’s beef sector due to improved feed efficiency and reduced animal disease. Furthermore, the consequences of a ban on ionophores in Denmark suggest that discontinuing the use of such products would not lead to lower antimicrobial resistance, and may increase the use of antimicrobials that are important in human medicine.

University of Calgary professor advocates user fees on non-human antibiotics Researcher says extensive use of antibiotics in agriculture creating public health crisis University of Calgary release


iting an overabundance in the use of antibiotics by the agriculture and aquaculture industries that poses a threat to public health, economics professor, Aidan Hollis has proposed a solution in the form of user fees on the non-human use of antibiotics. In a newly released paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Hollis and co-author Ziana Ahmed state that in the United States 80 per cent of the antibiotics in the country are consumed in agriculture and aquaculture for the purpose of increasing food production. This flood of antibiotics released into the environment — sprayed on fruit trees and fed to the likes of livestock, poultry and salmon, among other uses — has led bacteria to evolve, Hollis writes. Mounting evidence cited in the journal shows resistant pathogens are emerging in the wake of this veritable flood of antibiotics — resulting in an increase in bacteria that is immune to available treatments. If the problem is left unchecked, this will create a health crisis on a global scale, Hollis says. Hollis suggests that the predicament could be greatly alleviated by imposing a user fee on the non-human uses of antibiotics, similar to the way in which logging companies pay stumpage

fees and oil companies pay royalties. “Modern medicine relies on antibiotics to kill off bacterial infections,” explains Hollis. “This is incredibly important. Without effective antibiotics, any surgery — even minor ones — will become extremely risky. Cancer therapies, similarly, are dependent on the availability of effective antimicrobials. Ordinary infections will kill otherwise healthy people.” Bacteria that can effectively resist antibiotics will thrive, Hollis adds, reproducing rapidly and spreading in various ways. “It’s not just the food we eat,” he says. “Bacteria is spread in the environment; it might wind up on a doorknob. You walk away with the bacteria on you and you share it with the next person you come into contact with. If you become infected with resistant bacteria, antibiotics won’t provide any relief.” While the vast majority of antibiotic use has gone towards increasing productivity in agriculture, Hollis asserts that most of these applications are of “low value.” “It’s about increasing the efficiency of food so you can reduce the amount of grain you feed the cattle,” says Hollis. “It’s about giving antibiotics to baby chicks because it reduces the likelihood that they’re going to get sick when you cram them together in unsanitary conditions.

“These methods are obviously profitable to the farmers, but that doesn’t mean it’s generating a huge benefit. In fact, the profitability is usually quite marginal. “The real value of antibiotics is saving people from dying. Everything else is trivial.” While banning the use of antibiotics in food production is challenging, establishing a user fee makes good sense, according to Hollis. Such a practice would deter the low-value use of antibiotics, with higher costs encouraging farmers to improve their animal management methods and to adopt better substitutes for the drugs, such as vaccinations. Hollis also suggests that an international treaty could ideally be imposed. “Resistant bacteria do not respect national borders,” he says. He adds that such a treaty might have a fair chance of attaining international compliance, as governments tend to be motivated by revenue collection. Hollis notes that in the U.S., a move has been made to control the non-human use of antibiotics, with the FDA recently seeking voluntary limits on the use of antibiotics for animal growth promotion on farms. He asks: “Is the Canadian government going to take any action to control the use of antibiotics for food production purposes? Health Canada is trying to monitor the use of antibiotics, but has virtually no control over use.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

FROM PAGE ONE AG DAYS Continued from page 1

ous organizations and products designed to help keep farmers and their employees working safely on the farm. Manitoba Ag Days will also have the life-saving STARS helicopter air ambulance as its featured booth and proceeds from a 50/50 draw, which is new this year, will be donated to STARS.

Inventor’s Showcase

T h e p o p u l a r I n v e n t o r ’s Showcase will highlight some new inventions — many designed by farmers for farmers — and for the first time, attendees will decide the Best New Product for 2014. “We are trying something a little different this year,” says Ag Days co-chair Ryan Boyd. “At booths participating in the Best New Product feature there will be a sign with a QR code on it, so people attending the show

can swipe the QR code with their smartphone and vote on which product they think is the best new product.” Attendees can also vote at the website at Manitoba Ag Days 2014 will follow the same layout as previous years, which is something attendees and exhibitors appreciate, says co-ordinator Jonothon Roskos. With around 500 registered exhibitors covering 10 acres of indoor floor space it’s nice to have an idea of where your favourite booths will be year after year, he says. But there will also be new and exciting displays, he adds. “The show is going to be as jam packed as ever this year,” says Boyd. “The quality of the program is excellent once again. The new machinery, it’s all going to be there. It’s 100 per cent pure farm and I’m certain that farmers will be excited to attend again.”

The new product competition is always a popular feature at Ag Days. Photos: Sandy Black

It’s definitely high clearance if you can stand underneath it to check it out.

COAL BAN Continued from page 1

Although he believes Manitoba produces enough biomass to replace all the coal and coke burned in the province, the supply chain needed for a smooth transition away to biomass energy hasn’t yet been established, he said. This may in part be due to the fact that biomass energy is less valuable than other biomass applications, such as manufacturing or chemical production, Chorney added. He said that the relatively short time period given to implement the change has also left people shying away from biomass in favour of more conventional energy sources. “Unfortunately, because of the... timeline, a lot of large coal users have switched to natural gas, which maybe isn’t such a bad thing, but we had hoped that we would see alternatives to fossil fuels, like biomass products, evolve as an alternative to coal and we still encourage government to support that,” Chorney said.

Coal tax

A coal tax introduced by the

province in 2011 was used to help provide $700,000 in assistance to coal users who wished to convert to biomass fuel. Approximately 20 businesses and institutions took advantage of the program, including Providence College in Otterburn, Pineland Forest Nursery in Ha d a s h v i l l e, Va n d e r ve e n’s Greenhouse in Carman, and the Rosebank Hutterite Colony, to convert to biomass heating before the coal ban took effect. The coal tax ranges from $14.27 to $23.97 a tonne, depending on emissions. To take advantage of the three-year-long grace period, those who burn coal must file a conversion plan identifying a new energy source, and outlining equipment and modifications needed to make the transition, as well as a proposed timeline and details on coal or coke burned in previous years. The deadline to file these plans is June 30, but according to an official with the Department of Conservation and Water Stewardship, no conversion plans have been filed to date. The province is aware of 71 agricultural operations

“A lot of large coal users have switched to natural gas, which maybe isn’t such a bad thing, but we had hoped that we would see alternatives to fossil fuels, like biomass products, evolve as an alternative to coal and we still encourage government to support that.” Doug Chorney

There are between 200 and 300 estimated coal users in Manitoba.  photo: thinkstock

using coal to heat their barns, machine shops, etc. In total there are between 200 and 300 estimated coal users in Manitoba, leaving some producers eyeing economic opportunity. “ T h e re’s a l o t o f i n t e r-

est from our members, firstly around how they can adapt fast enough to the pending deadline, and secondly, is there a market here for biomass that farmers are going to be able to make some money on,” Chorney said. “But this isn’t a

mature industry at all, it’s very much the beginning.” The province’s two largest coal users — Manitoba Hydro and lime maker Graymont located near Moosehorn — are exempt from the ban.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Farmers are wired to work — and prone to anxiety, psychologist says

Bark worse than bite?

Upcoming Ag Days speaker says he hopes farmers can learn from emerging behavioural research how to better care for their mental health By Lorraine Stevenson

This fellow doesn’t look happy, but then who “wood,” being outside in this weather?  photo: suzanne Paddock

Dr. Michael Rossmann

clinical psychologist


we can begin to follow our own course of adjustment to stress. We can learn how to manage it.” Ja n e t Sm i t h , p r o g r a m manager with Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services, says she believes farmers will gain valuable insights from Rossmann’s talk. He is also a farmer as well as a researcher, academic and clinical psychologist so he understands agriculture from that perspective as well, Smith said. “I think what people will get from hearing him speak might help to gel what they already know about themselves and the culture of farming,” she said. “And it behooves all of us to better understand ourselves, in order to learn how to better help ourselves.” Rossmann will also lead a workshop Jan. 22 at the Brandon Riverbank Discovery Centre. The session titled “Building health, hope and resiliency in the agricultural community” is for health-care professionals, farm financial advisers and others working with the agricultural community, and is being jointly hosted by Prairie Mountain Health, the Manitoba Farm and Rural Support Services (Klinic Inc.), and Manitoba Women’s Institute. That session is aimed at helping the wider community interacting with farmers better understand the psychology of their rural and farm clients. Outside agriculture it’s even less well understood, said Rossmann. “There is a lot more work to do on that front,” he said.

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armers attending Ag Days can hear more about what makes them work so hard — sometimes to the detriment of their mental health. Dr. Michael Rossmann is U.S.-based clinical psychologist and farmer from Iowa, whose entire career has focused on improving the behavioural health of farmers. He will speak in Brandon about his research into the historical, anthropological and psychological underpin nings of farm society that’s led to developing a concept he’s dubbed “the agrarian imperative.” That’s the predisposition passed among successive generations of farmers to work hard — and harder when times get tough. Farmers driven to survive redouble their effort in times of adversity, and it’s an adaptation that’s helped to select out successful farmers from those less driven, says Rossmann. But studies of farmers worldwide show the same drive that’s enabled that survival and success also makes farmers particularly prone to mental health afflictions. Being in a state of hyper-alertness and hyperactivity for long periods eventually depletes both the body and brain’s capacity to stay well. “It has contributed to the success of farm people, but it also sets us up to experience much anxiety and eventually even depression,” said Rossmann who is also the founder of AgriWe l l n e s s , a U . S . - b a s e d seven-state organization ( Rossmann will speak about emerging research in behavioural psychology in agrarian societies during a morning presentation Jan. 21 at Ag Days. It will also focus on how farmers can learn to protect their mental health. These studies reveal a whole new way of understanding ourselves, and can help farmers by learning how to avoid the mental pitfalls that accompany their own psychology. “The more farmers know how we are made the bett e r o f f we a re, b e c a u s e then we can manage our own personal behaviour,” Rossmann said. “If we know that we react by working terribly hard and being hyper-alert, then

“It has contributed to the success of farm people, but it also sets us up to experience much anxiety and eventually even depression.”

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Blaze razes barn near Steinbach Electrical causes are being eyed in a poultry barn fire, although no definitive cause yet identified By Shannon VanRaes co-operator staff


ive thousand hens are dead and a barn is rubble following a fire at Kokomo Farms, just east of Steinbach. “It is a disappointment. I had a good flock, they were laying good, so this is really a shocker,” said owner Manuel Giesbrecht. “It’s sad, but we will try to recover.” Giesbrecht learned of the fire last Thursday when an employee called him to say there was smoke in the b r o i l e r - b r e e d e r b a r n . He returned to the farm as quickly as possible, but by the time he arr ived, little remained of the barn. “There were no flames when I got there, but the barn was 90 per cent gone, almost nothing was left,” he said, adding he has lost 50 per cent

of his poultry operation to the blaze. Giesbrecht has farmed at that location since 1992, and said the barn was built that same year. Insurance is expected to cover rebuilding costs, but it may be too difficult to begin work before the weather warms up in the spring. “We have no damage estimate yet, we are just working to get someone to clean up the mess before it all freezes solid,” he said, adding he was thankful no one was injured. Wa y n e H i l t z , e x e c u t i v e d i re c t o r o f t h e M a n i t o b a Chicken Producers, said barn fires are rare, but when they do occur the damage can be significant. If not for the speedy response by the La Broquerie Fire Department the situation could have been much worse, he said.

“The fire department reacted quickly and did a good job saving other birds that were on that farm by keeping it contained to the one barn,” he said. Assistant fire chief, J.C. Normandeau, said 18 members of the department responded but that the barn was fully involved by the time they arrived, with flames shooting through the roof. “We always work to contain the fire whether it’s a building with people or with animals,” he said, but added that barn fires can bring additional hazards, such as explosive mater ials and nearby fuel tanks. The cause of the Jan. 2 fire is still being investigated by the Office of the Fire Commissioner, but Giesbrecht said he’s been told it was electrical in nature. Foul play is not suspected.

“The farmer has got a lot of time and energy invested in this, and obviously the physical loss of the barn is colossal.” Wayne Hiltz

Manitoba Chicken Producers

Hiltz said that dust can be a factor in poultry barn fires, noting that breeder barns are only “blown down” to remove dust every 42 weeks, while other poultry operations see barns cleaned out approximately ever y seven weeks. How e v e r, t h i s i s t h e f i r s t breeder barn fire he has seen in his nine years on the job. Whatever the exact cause, the executive director noted the loss of animals can be difficult for a producer. “The farmer has got a lot of

WHAT’S UP Please forward your agricultural events to daveb@fbcpublishing. com or call 204-944-5762. Jan. 10: Manitoba Beef and Forage Week seminar, 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Community Hall, 136 Broadway St., Holland. For more info call 204-239-3375. Jan. 12-13: Manitoba Forage Seed Association provincial conference, Victoria Inn, 1808 Wellington Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204-376-3309 or visit Jan. 13-16: Western Canadian Crop Production Show, Prairieland Park, Saskatoon. For more info visit Jan. 14-16: Red River Basin Commission’s Land and Water International Summit, 1635-42nd St. S., Fargo, N.D. For more info visit www.redriverbasincommission. org. Jan. 22: Workshop: “Building health, hope and resiliency in the agricultural community,” 1-4:30 p.m., Riverbank Discovery Centre, 545 Conservation Dr., Brandon. To register call 204-571-4182 or email Jan. 29-31: Keystone Agricultural Producers annual meeting, Delta Winnipeg, 350 St. Mary Ave., Winnipeg. For more info call 204697-1140 or visit Feb. 4-5: Manitoba Beef Producers 35th annual general meeting, Victoria Inn, 3550 Victoria Ave. W., Brandon. For more info visit Feb. 24-25: Wild Oats Grainworld 2014 conference, Fairmont Winnipeg, 2 Lombard Pl., Winnipeg. For more info visit Feb. 25-27: Canola Council of Canada annual convention, San Antonio, Texas. For more info visit March 4-6: Canadian Horticultural Council annual general meeting, Delta Grand Okanagan Resort, 1310 Water St., Kelowna, B.C. For more info call 613-226-4880 or visit

Wes Papp, SWAN RIVER, MB or 1 888-283-6847 or contact your Bayer CropScience representative. Always read and follow label directions. InVigor® is a registered trademark of the Bayer Group. Bayer CropScience is a member of CropLife Canada.

FS:8.325” F:8.7”

time and energy invested in this, and obviously the physical loss of the barn is colossal, and the birds, I mean farmers care about their animals, they don’t like to see them suffer and obviously in a case like this, with the birds in the barn, it’s obvious what happens to them when there is a fire,” Hiltz said. “That’s hard on a producer’s mentally as well, and sometimes that gets lost in everything.”



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Viterra to buy Lethbridge Inland Terminal LIT has been owned by about 200 farming shareholders across southern Alberta


major farmer-owned high-throughput grain elevator at Lethbridge, Alta. is poised to raise the banner of Canada’s biggest grain handler. Viterra, the Regina-based Ca n a d i a n g rain-handling arm of Swiss commodity firm Glencore Xstrata, announced Dec. 30 it plans to buy the elevator assets of Lethbridge Inland Terminal (LIT) for an undisclosed sum. The sale, which still requires approval from LIT’s f a r m e r s h a re holders and from government regulators, already has the unanimous support of LIT’s board of directors, Viterra said in a release. An information circular to shareholders was

Lethbridge Inland Terminal was built in 2008 for about $23 million.

mailed last Monday, the company added. “The board of directors and

staff of LIT are very proud of what we have been able to accomplish in a relatively

short amount of time in a very competitive and mature southern Alberta marketplace,” Darcy Heggie, a Raymond, Alta. producer and LIT’s founding president and chairman, said in Viterra’s release. LIT, which opened in the fall of 2008, operates on Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) track southeast of the city off Highway 845 about a mile south of Highway 4. When built, it was hailed by its backers as “a new choice in a time of rapid consolidation of the grain industry” and a way to help keep agricultural profits in Alberta. The terminal, built for about $23 million, is supported today by about 200 farming shareholders across southern Alberta, including various sizes of grain operations,

Hutterite colonies and First Nations. The facility, listed by the Canadian Grain Commission at 41,190 tonnes of handling capacity, is one of the 10 biggest primary elevators in the province. It would become Viterra’s largest Alberta elevator, ahead of its sites at Smoky River (40,900 tonnes), Trochu and Killam (39,500 tonnes each). Viterra CEO Kyle Jeworski described LIT as “ideally located and an excellent fit in our overall asset network.” Jeworski also noted the company’s recent investments in Alberta, including planned expansions for its elevator at Grassy Lake, about 80 km east of Lethbridge, to bring that site’s handling capacity up to about 36,500 tonnes.



African centre aims to adopt ‘orphan’ crops


staff / According to Wikipedia, just three crops — maize (corn), wheat and rice — account for about 50 per cent of the world’s consumption of calories and protein and about 95 per cent of the world’s food needs are provided for by just 30 species of plants. However, at least 12,650 species have been identified as edible. Many of those species are “back garden” crops cultivated by African farmers, but referred to as “orphan” crops as they are neglected by researchers and aren’t economically important on the commercial market. The African Orphan Crops Consortium (AOCC) aims to change that, and on Dec. 5 officially opened the African Plant Breeding Academy. In a release, the AOCC said its goal is to use the latest scientific equipment and techniques to genetically sequence, assemble and annotate the genomes of 100 traditional African food crops to guide efforts to improve their agronomics and nutrition. Located in Nairobi, Kenya, the academy will train 250 plant breeders and technicians in genomics and marker-assisted selection. The data will be made publicly available. The AOCC said the first orphan crop to be sequenced, assembled and annotated will be baobab, which can be used as a dried fruit powder for consumer products. Baobab is called “the wonder tree” in Africa because its gluten-free fruit has 10 times the antioxidant level of oranges, twice the amount of calcium than spinach, three times the vitamin C of oranges, four times more potassium than banana and antiviral properties.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

LIVESTOCK MARKETS Cattle Prices Winnipeg

December 27, 2013

Decisions on herd expansion won’t be taken lightly

Steers & Heifers — D1, 2 Cows First Sale D3 Cows January 10 Bulls — Feeder Cattle (Price ranges for feeders refer to top-quality animals only) Steers (901+ lbs.) — (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) First (401-500 lbs.) Sale is Heifers (901+ lbs.) January 10 (801-900 lbs.) — (701-800 lbs.) — (601-700 lbs.) — (501-600 lbs.) — (401-500 lbs.) —


Alberta South —­ — — — — $ — — — — — — $ — — — — — —

($/cwt) (1,000+ lbs.) (850+ lbs.)


(901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.) (901+ lbs.) (801-900 lbs.) (701-800 lbs.) (601-700 lbs.) (501-600 lbs.) (401-500 lbs.)

Lower grain prices are only part of the big picture

Close 132.70 134.15 134.97 129.35 128.00 130.70

Change 0.90 1.18 0.90 0.63 0.53 0.90

Cattle Slaughter

Feeder Cattle January 2014 March 2014 April 2014 May 2014 August 2014 September 2014

Ontario — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —




Close 166.60 167.20 168.17 168.67 169.82 168.50

Change -0.20 0.65 0.67 0.52 0.80 0.65

Cattle Grades (Canada)

Week Ending December 21, 2013 Canada — East — West — Manitoba NA U.S. 613,000

Previous Year­ — — — NA 632,000

Week Ending December 21, 2013 — — — — — — —

Prime AAA AA A B D E

Previous Year 429 19,858 14,078 813 621 9,027 13

Hog Prices Source: Manitoba Agriculture

(Friday to Thursday) ($/100 kg) E - Estimation MB. ($/hog) MB. (All wts.) (Fri-Thurs.) MB. (Index 100) (Fri-Thurs.) ON (Index 100) (Mon.-Thurs.) P.Q. (Index 100) (Mon.-Fri.)

Current Week 160.00 E 150.00 E 152.29 157.22

Last Week 164.09 153.30 154.93 157.67

Futures (December 27, 2013) in U.S. Hogs Close February 2014 85.30 April 2014 90.65 May 2014 98.10 June 2014 100.10 July 2014 98.55

Last Year (Index 100) 158.78 147.66 147.73 151.48

Change -1.07 -0.55 -0.10 -0.05 -0.25

Sheep and Lambs Winnipeg (head) (wooled fats) — Next sale is Jan. 8 —

Chickens Minimum broiler prices as of May 23, 2010 Under 1.2 kg................................... $1.5130 1.2 - 1.65 kg.................................... $1.3230 1.65 - 2.1 kg.................................... $1.3830 2.1 - 2.6 kg...................................... $1.3230

Turkeys Minimum prices as of December 29, 2013 Broiler Turkeys (6.2 kg or under, live weight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.895 Undergrade .............................. $1.805 Hen Turkeys (between 6.2 and 8.5 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.880 Undergrade .............................. $1.780 Light Tom/Heavy Hen Turkeys (between 8.5 and 10.8 kg liveweight truck load average) Grade A .................................... $1.880 Undergrade .............................. $1.780 Tom Turkeys (10.8 and 13.3 kg, live weight truck load average) Grade A..................................... $1.790 Undergrade............................... $1.705 Prices are quoted f.o.b. farm.

“The fuel prices are the exact same and it’s not going to go down.”


robin hill

estern Canada’s cattle herd volume has been in a steady decline from highs in 2005, and despite low grain prices seen toward the end of 2013 and into 2014, Robin Hill of Heartland Livestock Services at Virden said he doesn’t see a lot of expansion this year. Grain prices need to be at current levels for another year before entertaining such an idea, he said. “Grain prices are going to be a big factor in the decision-making this spring, so maybe we’ll see a little more attraction into the cattle.” Hill said he has more of a glass-half-empty outlook on expansion, because taking care of cattle is a year-long job, unlike grain farming. “I just feel that the young farmer doesn’t want the cattle, and they’re a 365-days-a-year job instead of grain (farming) that gives them time off to do other things,” he said. “The cattle are a lot of work and are more than just a winter project.” However, Hill noted, if the beef industry begins to look better than the grain industry, it could lead to increased volume. “If these grain prices stay where they are at, grain isn’t going to make any money and maybe that will bring the expansion back — or more cattle back,” he said, before adding that it won’t just happen in a short period of time if it does occur. “I don’t think it’s going to happen overnight. It may have to be more long term (if it happens). “The big guys are getting bigger all the time; it’s just if the small guy is going to get bigger.” Despite the lower grain prices, he said, the costs of increasing herd size are still too high for the “smaller guys,” as the price of fuel remains a big factor. “The fuel prices are the exact same and

Auction yards’ first sales in 2014 Ashern

Jan. 15


Jan. 7


Jan. 14


Jan. 7


Jan. 13

Ste. Rose

Jan. 16


Jan. 8


Jan. 10

it’s not going to go down. The costs of keeping and raising cattle are going to be close to the exact same,” he said, noting the price difference between beef and pork is another important issue producers are looking at right now. “That’s been a factor all along in my personal opinion. Our biggest concern is how much higher the consumer will pay for beef.” But most importantly, he said, the stronger cattle prices seen late in 2013 and into the new year are also due to low volume of cattle across North America, making some producers hesitant to increase herd size. Brandon Logan writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.


Other Market Prices $/cwt Ewes Choice Lambs (110+ lb.) (95 - 109 lb.) (80 - 94 lb.) (Under 80 lb.) (New crop)


Brandon Logan

Futures (December 27, 2013) in U.S. Fed Cattle December 2013 February 2014 April 2014 June 2014 August 2014 October 2014

$1 Cdn: $ .9348 U.S. $1 U.S: $1.0697 Cdn.


(Friday to Thursday) Slaughter Cattle

Slaughter Cattle Grade A Steers Grade A Heifers D1, 2 Cows D3 Cows Bulls Steers

EXCHANGES: December 27, 2013

Numbers below are reprinted from January 2 issue.

SunGold Specialty Meats 25.00

Toronto — — — — — —

Eggs Minimum prices to producers for ungraded eggs, f.o.b. egg grading station, set by the Manitoba Egg Producers Marketing Board effective June 12, 2011. New Previous A Extra Large $1.8500 $1.8200 A Large 1.8500 1.8200 A Medium 1.6700 1.6400 A Small 1.2500 1.2200 A Pee Wee 0.3675 0.3675 Nest Run 24 + 1.7490 1.7210 B 0.45 0.45 C 0.15 0.15

Goats Kids Billys Mature

Winnipeg (head) (Fats) — — —

<1,000 lbs. 1,000 lbs.+

reuters / The coldest weather to hit the central U.S. in two decades disrupted grain and livestock shipments and curbed meat production at several packing plants on Monday. At least five pork-processing plants in Illinois, Indiana and Ohio were expected to be closed for at least part of Monday while hog dealers in Iowa said farmers were not hauling their animals to market because of the cold, livestock dealers said.

Tyson Foods would not operate its Logansport, Indiana, plant, spokesman Worth Sparkman said. The plant has a daily slaughter capacity of 15,300 head. Cargill Inc., the thirdlargest U.S. meat pro ducer, was to operate its Beardstown, Illinois, pork plant and its Wyalusing, Pennsylvania, beef plant on a limited basis on Monday as hazardous roads reduced livestock deliveries and kept some employees from reaching the plants, spokesman Michael Martin said. The Beardstown plant has a daily slaughter capacity of 19,400 hogs and

the Wyalusing plant can process up to 1,800 head of cattle per day. Indiana Packers Corp in Delphi confirmed in an email that the plant would be closed on Monday and would resume operations on Tuesday. The plant has 2,000 employees and can slaughter as much as 17,000 hogs per day. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimated Mo n d a y ’s h o g s l a u g h ter at 323,000 head, down from 439,000 a week ago and 428,000 a year ago, and pegged the day’s cattle slaughter at 110,000 head, versus 130,000 a week ago and 125,000 a year ago.

Toronto ($/cwt) — — —

Horses Winnipeg ($/cwt) — —

U.S. deep freeze shuts down some packing plants

Toronto ($/cwt) — —

There will be no market reports from livestock auctions this week. They will return next issue.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Numbers below are reprinted from January 2 issue.

Export and International Prices


Fundamentals remain bearish for canola in new year China shunning U.S. DDGs may impact demand for soy Phil Franz-Warkentin CNSC


CE Futures Canada canola contracts saw a bit of a short-covering bounce to end 2013, correcting off of contract lows to finish off the calendar year. However, the first day back of 2014 saw a return of the selling that kept prices near their lowest levels in 3-1/2 years. The March canola contract settled at $442 per tonne on Jan. 3, which was off the contract low of $437 set on Dec. 27, but still well below the New Year’s Eve settlement of about $450. The charts could be hinting a nearby low may be in place, although most technical indicators remain bearish. There is also still little fundamental in the market to slow the downward slide. Canadian canola supplies are big and the looming South American soybean crop should limit the potential for a bounce in the bean market. Crush margins are historically strong, but the processors have no real incentive to pay up for canola as they are already running at close to full capacity. In the U.S., soybeans were down both before and after the new year. Beneficial rainfall for the developing soybean crops in South Amer ica provided the catalyst for the selling pressure in beans, as export attention is already starting to turn southward.

Demand for DDGs

Some of the biggest losses in the soy complex came in soymeal during the week, as news that China was backing away from purchases of U.S. dried distillers grains (DDGs) put some spillover pressure on that sector. After turning back numerous corn shipments in recent weeks due to the presence of unapproved genetic strains, Chinese officials have now turned away

Last Week

All prices close of business December 20, 2013

Week Ago

Year Ago

Chicago wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Minneapolis wheat (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Coarse Grains Chicago corn (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Chicago oats (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Chicago soybeans (nearby future) ($US/tonne)




Chicago soyoil ($US/tonne)





some shipments of the renewable fuel byproduct over similar issues. While the reported tonnages were small so far, the talk in the grain market during the week was that China would be buying less DDGs going forward. The theory gaining some traction then was that with reduced exports, more DDGs would be around to be fed domestically. With more of the high-protein product finding its way into U.S. rations, that in turn would reduce the demand for other protein feeds such as soymeal. Corn and wheat were also lower, with wheat prices starting 2014 at their weakest levels in over a year and a half. Big global supplies and the inability of the U.S. to uncover some additional demand remains the key bearish influence in the wheat market, but shifting weather forecasts on Friday have the potential to provide a bit of a boost. Cold temperatures across much of the U.S. winter Wheat Belt could damage as much as 20 per cent of the crop where snow cover is thin, according to analysts. From a technical standpoint, the March wheat contract in Chicago traded below the psychological US$6-per-bushel level on the first trading day of 2014, but managed to see a short-covering bounce back above that point the next day. Looking at a weekly chart, a decisive move below $6 would see the next support coming in at around $5.80. After that, prices could easily drift down towards the $5 level. In the Minneapolis wheat market, which is more closely linked to CWRS (Canada Western Red Spring wheat) in Canada, the downtrend is even more firmly entrenched than in Chicago as the winterkill concerns provide only indirect support. Spring wheat has been in a downtrend for most of the past year, barring a few short-lived corrections, and that trend looks set to continue into 2014. Phil Franz-Warkentin writes for Commodity News Service Canada, a Winnipeg company specializing in grain and commodity market reporting.

Winnipeg Futures ICE Futures Canada prices at close of business December 27, 2013 Last Week

Week Ago

March 2014




May 2014



July 2014



Last Week

Week Ago

January 2014



March 2014



May 2014



Special Crops Report for December 30, 2013 — Bin run delivered plant Saskatchewan Spot Market

Spot Market

Lentils (Cdn. cents per pound)

Other (Cdn. cents per pound unless otherwise specified)

Large Green 15/64

22.00 - 23.00


Laird No. 1

19.50 - 22.00

Oil Sunflower Seed

Eston No. 2

15.00 - 17.75

Desi Chickpeas

21.75 - 23.50 — 20.90 - 22.00

Field Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

Beans (Cdn. cents per pound)

Green No. 1

9.80 - 12.50

Fababeans, large

Medium Yellow No. 1

5.65 - 6.75

Feed beans

Feed Peas (Cdn. $ per bushel)

No. 1 Navy/Pea Beans

44.00 - 44.00

Feed Pea (Rail)

No. 1 Great Northern

60.00 - 60.00

Mustardseed (Cdn. cents per pound)

No. 1 Cranberry Beans

64.00 - 64.00

Yellow No. 1

35.75 - 37.75

No. 1 Light Red Kidney

55.00 - 55.00

Brown No. 1

34.00 - 35.75

No. 1 Dark Red Kidney

60.00 - 60.00

Oriental No. 1

27.30 - 28.75

No. 1 Black Beans

38.00 - 38.00

No. 1 Pinto Beans

35.00 - 36.00

5.00 - 5.50

No. 1 Small Red

For three-times-daily market reports from Commodity News Service Canada, visit “Today in Markets” at

Source: Stat Publishing

No. 1 Pink


— 40.00 - 40.00

Fargo, ND

Goodlands, KS



32.00* Call for details

Report for December 27, 2013 in US$ cwt NuSun (oilseed) Confection Source: National Sunflower Association

Singapore trader sheds Canadian grain operation Entered Canada in 2012 on expectation of changes to the CWB


gri-food giant Olam International has ended its year-and-a-half-long foray into the Canadian grain-trading business. The Singapore-based food-processing and commodity supply firm announced Jan. 2 it has shed its 50 per cent stake in Lansing Olam Canada, its ag commodity trading joint venture with U.S. grain-marketing firm Lansing Trade Group.

Lansing Olam trades grains in the four western provinces and maintains its head office in Hamilton. “Our exit from Canada will allow us to concentrate our resources on the rest of our grains businesses in line with the company’s refreshed strategy,” KC Suresh, president of Olam’s global grains business, said in a release. Olam’s break from Lansing Olam is structured as a share repurchase deal worth US$5.4 million. The operation will continue in Hamilton with

Kansas-based Lansing as its sole owner. The two companies launched their joint business in July 2012, just ahead of the deregulation of the Canadian Wheat Board’s single marketing desk for Prairie wheat and barley, for “merchandising Canadian grains and oilseeds to meet the food and feed demand in North America” and other markets overseas. Olam and Lansing had said at the time their complementary strengths would give them “a strong platform

to establish a meaningful position in the liberalized western Canadian grains marketplace.” Lansing, which previously maintained trading offices in Winnipeg and Chatham, last summer took over southwestern Ontario grain handler and processor Thompsons Ltd. in a joint venture with U.S. agri-food firm The Andersons. Olam, which operates directly in over 65 countries and processes products including cocoa, coffee, cashews, sesame, rice, cotton and wood, has no other Canadian operations.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


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h u s b a n d r y — t h e s c i e n c e , S K I L L O R ART O F F AR M IN G

Turning spent birds into glue

Disposing of three million spent hens a year is a major headache for Alberta egg producers, but a protein chemist has an ingenious solution

Distillers grain prices slump as China rejections clog pipeline Beijing has rejected 2,000 tonnes of U.S. DDGS as well as 545,000 tonnes of corn since November By Christine Stebbins and Karl Plume reuters


By Alexis Kienlen staff / edmonton


f Jianping Wu’s technology is commercialized, your wooden chair could be held together by glue made from chickens. The protein chemist and assistant professor at the University of Alberta has developed a new type of glue by recombining the protein components of poultry carcasses. “When people think about the egg industry, they often think that the commodity is eggs,” said Wu. “The egg industry is a really complicated industry because you need to feed hens and make them lay eggs, but then you have to think about how to deal with the hens after they lay eggs for a year.” The productivity of laying hens falls off after about 12 months but getting rid of them is a major headache. In Alberta, 2.4 million laying hens and nearly 600,000 hens from the hatching egg industry are disposed of, composted, or rendered each year. Since their meat is tough and low quality, it is only suitable for soup or pet food, and because laying hens have so little meat, it’s usually not economically viable to process them. Some are composted on farm, while other producers pay to have them removed. That’s why the Egg Farmers of Alberta and other industry groups, such as the Canadian Poultry Research Council, support Wu’s research. He’s been on the hunt for a new use for spent laying hens for

“If we have this commercial application, we can make the egg industry even more environmentally friendly because we don’t have to dispose of those birds anymore. We can also make the industry more sustainable by getting extra value from the spent hens.”

Dr. Jianping Wu

Protein chemist and assistant professor at the University of Alberta

about four years, including turning them into a glue. Since the Second World War, most adhesives have been made from petroleum byproducts, but were once commonly made from animal protein including milk or blood. “Hi s t o r i c a l l y, p e o p l e m a d e adhesives without really understanding the science,” said Wu. “We can make a better adhesive using the science and the modern technology available.” Wu starts by grinding up the whole carcass, and then extracts protein and uses chemical p ro c e s s e s t o m a k e a w a t e rresistant adhesive similar to wood glues used in construction or furniture making. Wu spent three years creating the glue and has a patent application pending for his technology. Thanks to two years of funding from the Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency, he is now developing a cost-effective method of glue preparation, doing testing on a pilot-scale level, and hoping to commercialize the process. “If we have this commercial application, we can make the egg industry even more environmentally friendly because we don’t have to dispose of those birds anymore,” he said. “We can also make the industry more sustainable by getting extra value from the spent hens. In the future, there may be some real benefits that may even come down to the farmer.”

The price of distillers dried grain slid 20 per cent last week as U.S. exporters shied away from selling the corn-based feed grain to its top customer China after Beijing rejected shipments containing an unapproved GMO corn strain. “Everyone is just nervous. If you load something no one knows if someone is going to take it or not,” said Ryan McClanahan, a Kansas City-based trader with Commodity Specialists Co., which supplies DDGS to both domestic and export markets. “People have just stopped loading vessels, containers domestically so the product is just backing up in the domestic market,” McClanahan told Reuters. So far, Beijing has rejected 2,000 tonnes of U.S. DDGS as well as 545,000 tonnes of corn since November after vessels were found to contain Syngenta’s AG’s MIR 162 corn, a GMO variety that has been awaiting China’s approval for more than two years. U.S. farmers have been growing the GMO corn variety, which protects plants from insects, since 2011. It is approved for import by all other major corn importers so most grain handlers do not segregate it from other GMO varieties approved by China. While the amount of DDG and corn rejected is a tiny fraction of China’s annual imports, exporters worry it will be tougher to divert Chinese-bound distillers grains to other Asian customers as DDG is most popular among Chinese feeders. Many rejected corn shipments have already been resold to other Asian buyers such as South Korea or Japan. The United States exported 8.2 million tonnes of distillers dried grain, a by-product from making corn-ethanol, during the 2012-13 marketing year with two-thirds of it sold to China. DDG has grown in popularity among livestock feeders and dairies amid the U.S. ethanol boom, competing with soymeal in livestock diets as a high source of protein. In West Texas, home to the nation’s largest cattle feeders, distillers dried grain Jan. 3 was selling for $220 a ton, down $50 to $60 since Christmas, when China rejected its first DDG shipments. Prices for rail-delivered DDGS at feed mills in the Pacific Northwest, were trading at $247 to $248 per ton, a $37 to $48 drop from pre-holiday levels, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Last week DDGS at feed mills in the Pacific Northwest were trading at $247 to $248 per ton, a $37 to $48 drop from pre-holiday levels.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Too much practice doesn’t make perfect Like humans, horses are prone to repetitive strain injuries from doing one thing too often Carol Shwetz, DVM Horse Health


eveloping muscle memory through practice is important to learning a skill, yet overuse of muscles repeatedly in one particular way or pattern leads to musculoskeletal and nervous system debilitation. Too much practice can be as equally detrimental to performance as too little practice. “Sp e c i a l i ze d” m ove m e n t patterns can become firmly entrenched in the musculoskeletal system, sacrificing flexibility and eventually hindering the very movement or activity that practice was meant to perfect. Further consequences of excessive training are fatigue and boredom, both undermining to peak performance. When the body is asked to repeat a task over and over, day in and day out, it is susceptible to repetitive strain/stress injuries. Unlike acute injuries, overuse injuries are chronic and insidious. The heavily used tissues, pushed beyond their abilities to rebuild and maintain themselves, undergo degeneration and an “inflammatory-like” process. Carpal tunnel syndrome, runner’s knee, gymnast’s wrists, golfer’s elbow, tennis elbow, baseball shoulder, and texter’s thumb are familiar human counterpar ts of repetitive stress injury. Human patients complain of pain, yet when examined by a health-care professional, nothing physical can be found. The pain itself is peculiar, often described as a burning, achy, or gnawing tenderness. The sensation can escalate to tingling and/or pins and needles. Eventually a loss of sensation or strength may occur.

Behaviour change

There are no obvious ways to diagnose repetitive strain injuries in humans, as is also the situation with horses. It has been my experience that the most common presentation of these injuries in horses is a subtle yet persistent and consistent change in the horse’s attitude or way of going. Refusal, a “soured” attitude, and/or resistance are behavioural displays that may be indicating something in the body is amiss. The combination of rigorous training regimes and skeletal and mental immaturity makes younger horses especially vulnerable to overuse injuries. Remember, a horse is not physically mature until five to seven years of age. Problems become further compounded when the horse/s in training are stalled instead of turned out where they are able to move freely and use their bodies in other ways. Horses asked to travel in a “frame” for a prolonged period are prone to repetitive stress/ strain injury. The ability to carry its body in a particular “frame” is very demanding work for a horse. It requires conditioning and development of the muscles and connective tissue that sup-

port, balance, and stabilize the neck and back. These tissues are easily overwhelmed during the initial stages of training, and so the body becomes more prone to injuries. Horses who gait or repeat the same “stride” for their sport can strain muscles of the shoulders, hindquarters, and distal limbs and joints. Western pleasure horses asked to travel with short strides and low neck carriage lose their ability to lengthen their stride while endurance horses that travel with long lengthy strides lose lateral flexibility. Horses used for roping purposes are at risk for “frozen” withers and shoulders as well as arthritis in the lower joints. These tend to be a consequence of the ongoing stresses that

occur following “dallying up.” This stress becomes magnified further if the horse is not in the correct position to absorb the concussive forces. Training techniques that employ draw reins, side reins, and longeing have the potential to create unfavourable stress and strain in a horse’s poll, neck and back when used improperly for prolonged periods. Engaging the whole body and mind in a variety of ageappropriate activities and training regimes allows the horse to develop in a manner which pays dividends in high performance, soundness and longevity. Scheduling rest is of paramount importance in any sporting program for it allows the body the time needed to recover and develop skills for expertise levels. Carol Shwetz is a veterinarian specializing in equine practice at Westlock, Alberta.

Trail riding offers horses in training a wide variety of physical and mental stimulation.

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FEBRUARY 10 - 11, 2014

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Optimistic outlook for hog producers in 2014 Feed prices and exchange rates are more favourable, but disease is a concern hundreds of thousands of pigs. American agricultural economist Steve Meyer suggests that the loss in production during 2014 could be about three per cent, which would have a very positive effect on hog prices. The impact was already evident in the recent USDA Hogs and Pigs Report, which showed that the estimate of number of pigs weaned per litter had fallen from 10.34 in the Sept. 1 report to 10.04 in the Dec. 1 report.

Bernie Peet Peet on Pigs


s we entered the new year, industry commentators in North America unanimously declared optimism for American and Canadian hog producers in 2014. For once, I agree with them. Regular readers will know that I have been less than enthusiastic about prospects for the Canadian industry in recent years. Last March, I described the outlook as uncertain, noting a number of factors such as feed prices, country-oforigin labelling, EU production levels, U.S. pork exports and North American hog inventories, that could impact industry economics either positively or negatively. However, as it turned out, 2013 was a much better year than many people, including myself, expected. Last spring the hog price strengthened and continued moving up as the summer progressed, reaching $2/kg in some parts of the country by July. As we moved into fall, the price held up remarkably well and is now around $1.50/kg, considerably better than the recent average for this time of year. With most pricing formulae based on U.S. indices, the exchange rate plays a major role in determining Canadian hog prices. The increase in the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the greenback, especially since the 2008 economic crisis, exerted downward pressure on the hog price, which was very damaging to the industry. In 2013, this started to change. At the beginning of the year, the exchange rate was 100.51 cents, but declined during the year and is

Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers

PEDv threat

One estimate is that PEDv could reduce U.S. productivity by about three per cent.

now hovering around 94 cents. That difference effectively adds nearly seven per cent to the market price of hogs in Canada. A number of economists in the financial sector expect the Canadian dollar to weaken further during 2014 as the U.S. reduces its economic stimulus. If their predictions are correct, the exchange rate will fall below 90 cents during the year, further strengthening hog prices.

Feed cost break

On the other side of the equation, feed costs fell considerably during 2013. During the early part of the year, high feed costs, coupled with mediocre hog prices, resulted in a period of significant losses. These were mediated by much improved prices as the year went on. Then, a bumper harvest in both the U.S. and Canada resulted in a sharp drop in feed costs, with U.S. corn dropping from a high of $8 per bushel in 2012, to around $4.50. The beneficial effect of more moderate feed costs will continue at least up to the 2014 harvest. With the futures markets indicating hog

Monsanto Company is a member of Excellence Through Stewardship® (ETS). Monsanto products are commercialized in accordance with ETS Product Launch Stewardship Guidance, and in compliance with Monsanto’s Policy for Commercialization of Biotechnology-Derived Plant Products in Commodity Crops. This product has been approved for import into key export markets with functioning regulatory systems. Any crop or material produced from this product can only be exported to, or used, processed or sold in countries where all necessary regulatory approvals have been granted. It is a violation of national and international law to move material containing biotech traits across boundaries into nations where import is not permitted. Growers should talk to their grain handler or product purchaser to confirm their buying position for this product. Excellence Through Stewardship® is a registered trademark of Excellence Through Stewardship. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW PESTICIDE LABEL DIRECTIONS. Roundup Ready® crops contain genes that confer tolerance to glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides. Roundup® brand agricultural herbicides will kill crops that are not tolerant to glyphosate. Acceleron® seed treatment technology for corn is a combination of four separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients metalaxyl, trifloxystrobin, ipconazole, and clothianidin. Acceleron® seed treatment technology for canola is a combination of two separate individually-registered products, which together contain the active ingredients difenoconazole, metalaxyl (M and S isomers), fludioxonil, thiamethoxam, and bacillus subtilis. Acceleron and Design®, Acceleron®, DEKALB and Design®, DEKALB®, Genuity and Design®, Genuity Icons, Genuity®, RIB Complete and Design®, RIB Complete®, Roundup Ready 2 Technology and Design®, Roundup Ready 2 Yield®, Roundup Ready®, Roundup Transorb®, Roundup WeatherMAX®, Roundup®, SmartStax and Design®, SmartStax®, Transorb®, VT Double PRO®, YieldGard VT Rootworm/RR2®, YieldGard Corn Borer and Design and YieldGard VT Triple® are trademarks of Monsanto Technology LLC. Used under license. LibertyLink® and the Water Droplet Design are trademarks of Bayer. Used under license. Herculex® is a registered trademark of Dow AgroSciences LLC. Used under license. Respect the Refuge and Design is a registered trademark of the Canadian Seed Trade Association. Used under license. ©2013 Monsanto Canada Inc.

10801A-Gen Legal Trait Stewardship-AF.indd 1 7/26/13 2:33 PM

prices in the range of $1.60$1.90 for 2014, producers could have a full year of profitability. Over the last 10 years, the U.S. ethanol industry has impacted the price of corn, pushing prices upwards. By 2012, 40 per cent of the U.S. crop was being used for ethanol production. Now this industry is mature and there is much less expansion, this will affect corn prices less. A significant increase in the area planted with corn in the U.S. over recent years will also help to moderate prices, barring a drought.


I have commented in previous articles about the continuing improvements in productivity in the U.S. breeding herd, noting that the average improvement in the 10 years to 2012 was 0.2 pigs weaned per litter. During 2013, this trend was interrupted by severe losses of piglets as a result of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv). The first cases were identified in June and July and, by the end of the year, there had been about 1,800 cases involving many

PUBLIC NOTICE Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) Services provided by the Morden Office to be provided by CFIA’s Portage la Prairie and Carman Offices Please note that effective February 1, 2014, CFIA services provided by the Morden District Office, located at 101 Route 100, Morden, Manitoba, will be provided by the Agency’s Portage la Prairie and Carman District Offices located at: 309 Saskatchewan Avenue E. Portage la Prairie, Manitoba R1N 0L6

19 Main Street, PO Box 569, Carman, Manitoba R0G 0J0

For more information, please phone 204-983-2201.

AVIS PUBLIC Déplacement des services du bureau de Morden de l’Agence canadienne d’inspection des aliments (ACIA) aux bureaux de Portage la Prairie et Carman Veuillez prendre note qu’à compter du 1er février 2014, les services de l’ACIA fournis par le bureau du district de Morden, situé au 101, Route 100, à Morden (Manitoba), seront fournis par les bureaux de district de Portage la Prairie et de Carman, situés aux adresses suivantes: 309, avenue Saskatchewan Est Portage la Prairie (Manitoba) R1N 0L6

19, rue Main, C.P. 569 Carman (Manitoba) R0G 0J0

Pour plus d’informations, veuillez téléphoner au 204-983-2201.

The biggest threat to the Canadian industry during 2014 will be PEDv, which would have a catastrophic effect if it entered the country. Fortunately, there is considerable awareness of the need for heightened biosecurity, but there is also a risk due to the movement of livestock vehicles. It is ironic that the U.S. COOL legislation dramatically reduced the flow of pigs from Canada to the U.S. and, with it, the risk of transferring disease. Weekly feeder pigs sales have halved from a peak of 160,000 per week in 2007, while the flow of mar-

ket hogs has become a trickle at roughly 13,500 per week. It will be critical that producers and industry organizations maintain a state of vigilance and, if the worst happens, respond quickly to any outbreaks to limit the spread of disease. Canadian pig producers are some of the most technically efficient in the world and economic comparisons have shown that cost of production is also among the lowest, second only to Brazil. However, since the start of the “industry crisis” in 2007, producers have been severely hampered by a barrage of negative influences, ranging from the swine flu fiasco to COOL and from exchange rates to high feed prices. While the COOL situation has yet to be concluded, the Canadian industry has, to some extent, learned to live with it. With a slowly weakening dollar and the prospect of more reasonable feed prices, producers could be in for a good run and have the opportunity to recover the equity they have lost over the previous six years.

2013 was an up-and-down year for Canada’s pork industry Lower feed prices and a weaker Canadian dollar were positive factors for the industry By Brandon Logan COMMODITY NEWS SERVICE CANADA


t was an up-and-down year for Canada’s pork industry in 2013, as producers were struggling to break even in the first half of the year before posting a strong second half heading into 2014. “I think most producers in December 2012 were looking ahead at 2013 and thinking that it was going to be a fairly profitable year,” said Perry Mohr, general manager for Hams Marketing Services in Headingley, Man. “I think it was February or March that both Russia and China banned U.S. pork that was fed ractopamine and that put a big damper on hog prices from that point until the middle of June, early July. Most producers were lucky if they were breaking even.” He added that fundamental factors started turning in the producers’ favour midway through 2013, leading to strong pork prices for the rest of the year. “I think (U.S. exports) started to pick up to China again and Mexico was importing a lot of pork,” Mohr said. “Probably the single biggest factor was that domestic consumption was starting to increase. That was driven largely by record-high beef prices.” Declines seen in grain prices and the value of the Canadian dollar also had big impacts on the strong pork prices through the fourth quarter of the year, which is historically when prices decline. “Feed prices did decrease exponentially, but most of that decrease occurred in the

fourth quarter,” Mohr said. “The Canadian dollar really started to help us mostly in the last half of the year, going from par to US93 and 94 cents. That adds $6, $7 or $8 per pig to the equation, so that goes directly to the revenue side.” Despite the strong second half of the year, Mohr said that producers probably didn’t make a lot of money in 2013. “Overall, if we stand here today, look back and reflect on the last half of the year, we’d say it was a pretty good year,” he said. “Did they make a lot of money? Probably not.” Once the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), a free trade agreement between Canada and the European Union, is finalized, Mohr said it will have a positive impact on the industry in the long term. “I can argue that it had no impact on hog prices in 2013, and it may not have very much impact on hog prices in 2014, but it is certainly a positive development when a market opens up to you that hasn’t been a very big market traditionally.” Looking at 2014, Mohr noted the outlook is as good as it’s been in a long time for the industry. “It’s probably as positive of an outlook as we’ve had in the last 10 years,” he said. “If we look at it from a cost perspective, bins are bursting and there’s grain laying all over Western Canada on the ground. From a price perspective, if you look at futures today, with the exception of the next month or so, things look profitable.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Disinfectant ineffective against pig virus Stalosan F disinfectant shown effective on PRRSv, but not PED


Harrisvaccines working with USDA to obtain a conditional licence By Meredith Davis


disinfectant used in the U.S. livestock industry has so far proven ineffective in preventing the spread of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDv), a study funded by the pork industry has found. “Our research unfortunately says that Stalosan F, given the conditions in which we tested it, was not effective in killing the PED virus,” Tom Sundberg, vice-president of science and technology at the National Pork Board, said. The hog industry, which is scrambling to find methods to curb the spread of the virus, is continuing to fund research. As of Dec. 15, the number of confirmed PEDv cases totalled 1,764, across 20 states, according to data from the USDA’s National Animal Health Laboratory Network. Each case could represent hundreds to thousands of hogs. The pork board funded the study at Iowa State University’s Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory to determine if the Stalosan F disinfectant used alone could kill the PEDv in commercial hog trailers. Vitfoss, the Denmark-based agricultural supplement pro-

Iowa company develops vaccine for PEDv REUTERS

“We are moving thousands of pigs each day in the industry and the time it would take to do that to every trailer makes that an impossible thing to do in order to stem the risk of PEDv.” TOM SUNDBERG

National Pork Board

ducer which makes Stalosan F, cautioned that disinfectants alone are not enough to kill viruses when fecal matter is present. “It is my understanding that in order for biosecurity to be efficient, transport trailers are (to be) cleaned, washed and disinfected between each destination and that this is done at secure and clean wash bays away from any livestock or slaughter facilities,” Lars O. Madsen, a Stalosan spokesman, told Reuters in an email. The pork board’s Sundberg said the industry needs alternatives. “We are moving thousands of pigs each day in the industry and the time it would take to do that to every trailer makes that an impossible thing to do in order to stem the risk of PEDv,” Sundberg said.

Stalosan F disinfectant was shown in Canadian research to be effective on different surfaces in killing another disease, porcine reproductive and respiratory virus (PRRSv), Sundberg told Reuters. The highly transmissible PEDv was seen for the first time in the United States in April this year. It can be transmitted through contaminated pig feces on pigs, trucks, boots and clothing. PEDv causes diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration in hogs and could result in deaths — particularly in baby pigs whose immune system can be weak. PEDv is not harmful to humans nor is it transmissible through pork. It has occurred in Europe and Asia, but this is the first year that it has been seen in the United States.


n Iowa animal pharmaceutical company has shipped about 770,000 doses of a new vaccine that treats a deadly swine virus first detected in U.S. herds this year and has spread to 20 states, a company official said in an interview. Harr isvaccines, based in Ames, Iowa, developed the vaccine called “iPED” in August to fight porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, or PEDv. It is one of the first U.S. companies to develop a vaccine to fight the disease. “As soon as we heard of the confirmed cases we started developing the vaccine,” said Joel Harris, Harrisvaccines’ head of sales and marketing. “The vaccine has been used in multiple states, including Iowa and North Carolina, but it is too early to know how effective the vaccine is.” Iowa is the top U.S. hog state and North Carolina is second. The virus — first seen in the United State this spring — is not harmful to humans but causes diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration in hogs and can result in death, particularly in piglets whose weak immune system is less likely able to fight off the virus.

“The vaccine is predominately being used in herds t h a t a re a l re a d y a f f e c t e d . T h e y h a v e e i t h e r a l re a d y been exposed to the virus or it is used when bringing in animals where the virus is already present,” Harris said. The company said it is working with the U.S. Department of Agriculture to obtain a conditional licence to more widely market and sell the vaccine. The vaccine is currently available through a veterinarian prescription basis only, Harris said. The USDA can grant a company a conditional licence for animal vaccines in special circumstances including, emergency situations or for a limited market distribution, said Lyndsay Cole, spokesperson for the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. “The hope is to have this conditional USDA approval as soon as possible and then it would be able to be more widely distributed. We are looking to get approved by early to mid-2014,” Harr is said. Vaccines have been used to fight PEDv in Asia and Europe but those vaccines are not approved for use in the United States due to concerns over their effectiveness, animal health officials said.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Weather now for next week.

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“ E V E R Y O N E T A L K S A B O U T T H E W E A T H E R , B U T N O O N E D O E S A N Y T H I N G A B O U T I T.” M a r k Tw a i n , 18 9 7

Forecast calls for more snow – no surprise Issued: Monday, January 6, 2014 · Covering: January 8 – January 15, 2014 Daniel Bezte Co-operator contributor


ast week’s brief warm-up came on cue, but the area of low pressure responsible for the warm-up was much stronger than originally forecast. As a result, we saw much more snow than anticipated. At one point there was continuous snow falling in a band that stretched all the way from Calgary to Kenora. This stronger low influenced the movement of the arctic high that built in behind the system. Instead of taking the forecast westerly route, the high was pulled farther east, resulting in more bone-chilling temperatures for us. For this forecast period it looks like we’ll finally see a break in the cold temperatures. By Wednesday or Thursday the area of arctic high pressure will have moved off to the east, which will place us into a westerly to southwesterly flow. This will help push the cold air out and bring in milder Pacific air. Daily highs will begin to moder-

ate on Wednesday, and by the weekend we should see highs between -6 and -10 C. Embedded in the westerly flow will be several weak, fastmoving systems that will bring some clouds along with some flurries every couple of days. The first of these systems is expected to track through on Thursday, with another one on Saturday, and then again on Sunday. The weather models for next week show a bit of a return to a more northwesterly flow as a weak arctic high builds in. This will drop our temperatures a little bit, but at this point it doesn’t look like we’ll see a return to the brutal cold we saw at the beginning of the month. In fact, looking further ahead, the models show temperatures warming up to near the 0 C mark by the following weekend. Usual temperature range for this period: Highs, -23 to -6 C; lows, -33 to -14 C. Daniel Bezte is a teacher by profession with a BA (Hon.) in geography, specializing in climatology, from the U of W. He operates a computerized weather station near Birds Hill Park. Contact him with your questions and comments at


This issue’s map shows the total amount of snow cover across the Prairies as of Jan. 5. The map was originally created by Environment Canada, but I do a lot of “cleaning up” to make the map easier to read. For this reason some of the data has been lost, so the map should only be used to give a rough idea as to how much snow cover there actually is. Snow cover continues to expand and deepen across the Prairies, with a large portion of the region reporting between 25 and 50 cm on the ground.

Sixth-coldest December on record Environment Canada sees below-average temperatures and above-average snowfall in January By Daniel Bezte CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR


t doesn’t matter which way you look at it, December 2013 was downright cold! After an average November, most people were looking ahead to a nice December that for most of us would bring some snow and fairly mild temperatures — conditions perfect for getting out and enjoying winter. Well, December started off exactly as everyone hoped. During the first few days highs were in the -5 C range with overnight lows around -12 C. We even saw some snow; everything was perfect! Then, starting on Dec. 5, everything started to change. We saw the first of many bitterly cold ridges of arctic high pressure build into our region, turning what looked to be a nice December into one of the coldest on record. By Dec. 7, arctic high pressure was in place, and with it came the first really cold air of this winter. Highs were struggling to make it to -20 C, with overnight lows dropping to around -30 C in a number of locations. This cold air remained in place and even intensified over the next seven days, with temperatures plunging to near -40 C in some places by the early morning of Dec.






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15. We then saw a warm-up that many of us hoped would spell an end to the cold temperatures. In what was a fairly remarkable swing in temperatures, we saw the thermometer rise to near 0 C on Dec. 16, a 30 to 40 C (55 to 70 F) change in temperatures in less than 30 hours! Along with the milder temperatures also came a little more snow. The mild weather lasted until Dec. 19, when arctic high pressure built back in, once again dropping temperatures into the -20s for highs and -30s for lows. Fortunately, this shot of cold air didn’t last long as milder air along with a little snow moved in just in time for Christmas. After enjoying a couple of nice warm days with highs peaking

near 0 C, on the 27th arctic high pressure once again moved in, bringing the coldest weather of the season to end the month. Preceding the arctic air was an area of low pressure that brought significant snowfall to a number of regions, with total snowfalls of around 10 to 15 cm. When all the numbers were added up, December at all three of our main centres (Winnipeg, Brandon, Dauphin) came in well below average and were actually quite uniform. Average high temperatures for the month came in around -15.7 C at all three locations, with average overnight lows falling to around -24.9 C. This resulted in a mean monthly temperature that ranged from -20.1 C at Dauphin to -20.9 C

at Winnipeg. To put things into perspective, the average mean monthly temperature for southern Manitoba is around -14 C. This places 2013 as the sixth-coldest December since reliable records have been kept. The only colder year in living memory was in 2000, with the third-coldest December on record. Add to it over 40 cm of snow, and December 2000 was a truly horrific month. Other than December 2000 we have to go all the way back to 1893 to find a colder December. The table you see here lists all of the Decembers that had mean monthly temperatures colder than -20 C. I used Winnipeg’s data for this list as it has the longest period of weather records. I did compare Winnipeg to Brandon and found only one year was different. In 1927, the Brandon region recorded a very cold December, with a mean monthly temperature of -23.3 C. In comparison, Winnipeg saw a mean monthly temperature of -19.4 C that year.

Who called it?

Looking back at the forecasts for December, all of the forecasts called for colder-thanaverage temperatures along with near- to above-average amounts of snow. Well, we all got the temperature part correct, but precipitation is a little

tougher. Overall, precipitation amounts were either near to slightly below average over central and eastern regions, or were below to well-below average over southern and western regions. So, I would have to give the nod to the staff at Environment Canada, as they were the only ones who called for nearaverage amounts of snow. Looking ahead to January, EC and the Old Farmer’s Almanac call for below-average temperatures to continue, along with above-average amounts of snow. The folks over at the Canadian Farmers’ Almanac appear to call for temperatures to fluctuate between really cold and warm, resulting in near-average temperatures. They also call for some stormy weather and dr y weather, re s u l t i n g i n n e a r- a v e ra g e amounts of snow. Finally, here at the Co-operator, I am actually on the side of the Canadian Farmers’ Almanac. It looks like we’ll experience some warm and cold snaps during the month, but overall, will end up colder than average. Snowfall will also be sporadic, resulting in nearaverage amounts of precipitation. Next issue we’ll look further ahead to see what might be in store for us for the remainder of the winter and early spring.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

CROPS husbandr y — the science , S K I L L O R A R T O F F A R M I N G

Warmer West good for corn/soybean expansion But future weather will be just as variable as now so crops will still be at risk to frost, excess moisture and drought By Allan Dawson co-operator staff


uch of Western Canada is getting more frostfree days, on average, than it used to, which bodes well for expanding corn and soybean acreage. “But please note in any given year the variation is 20 to 25 days,” University of Manitoba associate professor, Paul Bullock told the annual Manitoba Agronomists Conference last month. An area could’ve had 115 firstfree days last year and get 85 or 130 this year, said Bullock, who specializes in agrometeorology. And while frost in late summer hurts most crops, corn and soybeans are especially vulnerable because they require a longer growing season to mature. Citing data from Andy Nadler of Weather Innovations, Bullock said western Canadian temperatures are increasing. After reviewing 111 years of data, Nadler found the minimum western Canadian temperature has increased at more than twice the rate of the maximum. Most of that change occurred during the last 20 to 30 years. And most of the warming shows up in winter and spring, which adds to the growing season. Long-term data also shows the West, on average, is getting more precipitation through more rainfall and less evaporation. “But again, that’s average values,” Bullock said. “What kills us are the dry years and the wet years. So the fact that, on average, our (water) deficits are going down is fine, but what’s

more important is probably the variability. “When that deficit occurs, of course, is critical.”

Too much is worse

Crop insurance data from the Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation shows that between 2003 and 2012, excess moisture was the biggest yield robber for both corn and soybeans, said Pam de Rocquigny, cereal specialist with Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development. Too much moisture caused 42 and 53 per cent of the corn and soybean yield losses, respectively, followed by drought at 23 and 24 per cent. Early frost accounted for five and seven per cent of yield loss in corn and soybeans during that period. Early frost — once every 10 years or so — has hit Manitoba corn growers hard, including in the mid-1970s, 1982, 1985, 1992 and 2004, she said. Following an early frost in 2004 MASC wrote off most of the province’s corn, much of

which was also infected with mould, resulting in a provincial average yield of just 1.3 bushels an acre. Nadler’s data shows between 1971 and 2000, most crop-growing areas of the West received at least 100 frost-free days 50 per cent of the time. But one in four years half of Western Canada gets fewer than 100 frostfree days and 10 per cent of the time almost the entire West gets fewer than 100 frost-free days.


Although the West, on average, has been getting warmer, data compiled by Nadler shows it’s not uniform. For example, Brandon’s crop heat units 2013 chu accumulation

Prairie region, May 15, 2013 – October 15, 2013

“What kills us are the dry years and the wet years. So the fact that on average our (water) deficits are going down is fine, but what’s more important is probably the variability.” Paul Bullock

(CHU) are rising, on average, but they are declining at Minnedosa. Lethbridge is getting more and Medicine Hat is getting fewer. The biggest increase in CHU has been in the Peace River District of northern Alberta, while there has been no increase along the Manitoba-Saskatchewan border. Climate models predict Western Canada’s average temperature will rise 2° to 4° by 2045 to 2065, Bullock said. “That would suggest we are going to continue to see this lengthening of the growing season,” he said. “So that’s a good thing. Plus, we’re likely to have larger accumulations of things

Created by Weather Innovations for Weatherfarm

like corn heat units. So that’s positive.” But the models don’t do a good job predicting precipitation, Bullock added. They call for as much or slightly more precipitation, but more of it will fall when it does come. “Kind of the exact opposite of what we’d like to see in agriculture,” he said. “That’s not a great thing. Western Canadian farmers can expect more frost-free days and more heat units, on average, in the future, but just as much variability as now along with possibly more floods and droughts, Bullock concluded.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Wheat variety recommending committee adopts streamlined measure Committee chair Brian Beres says the new operating procedures are supposed to be more predictable and transparent By Allan Dawson

said Beres, a research agronomist with Agriculture and AgriFood Canada at the Lethbridge h e v a r i e t y r e g i s t r a - Research Centre. “Part of it tion process for western related to too much voting.” The new operating procedures Canadian wheat is being streamlined, but scientific merit will apply when the PRCWRT, assessment of disease resist- which is made up of wheat ance, agronomy and end-use experts from public and private institutions, including farmers, quality will continue. This and other changes over- meets in Winnipeg Feb. 25 to whelmingly approved in a vote 27 as part of the Prairie Grain Dec. 5, 2013 by members of the Development Committee’s Prairie Recommending Com- annual meeting. The PRCWRT has three evalmittee for Wheat, Rye and Triticale (PRCWRT), will make the uation teams to assess new recommending process more wheats for disease resistance, predictable and transparent, agronomy and end-use qualPRCWRT chair Brian Beres ity. Under the old system each told the Manitoba Seed Grow- committee met separately to ers Association’s (MSGA) annual review the data collected from meeting in Winnipeg last month. replicated trials and then voted “We are changing the way by a show of hands on whether we vote because there are con- new varieties should be recomcerns about... predictability and mended for registration. Then T:8.125” all three teams would meet and that there wasn’t enough of it,” co-operator staff


Brian Beres, chair of the Prairie Recommending Committee for Wheat, Rye and Triticale, told the Manitoba Seed Growers Association annual meeting Dec. 12, 2013 about changes the committee has approved for recommending new wheats for registration.  Photo: Allan Dawson

vote again through a secret ballot. Now the evaluation teams will continue their assessments, but if all three agree a new wheat meets the standard, it will be recommended to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency for registration without the committee as a whole voting.

Similar to canola

“So some of these varieties won’t actually ever be voted on,” Beres said. “It will be similar to the canola model where it will be plugged into a meritassessment tool. If it looks good it is endorsed without voting and if all teams endorse it then it’s recommended for registration without a vote. I think that’s a pretty good way to go because that doesn’t lessen the science and the merit behind that decision.”


If the new system had been in place in the past about 85 per cent of new wheats would’ve been recommended without a vote. Under the new system varieties that get a mixed review from one or more of the evaluation teams will go before a voting panel, which will reassess the data and hear arguments by the variety’s breeder or representative about why it should be recommended. The panel will then vote on whether to recommend the variety or not. A similar process is used for canola, Beres said. The 23-member voting panel will be made up of seven representatives from each team, plus one representative each from the Canadian Seed Growers Association and the Canadian Seed Trade Association. Critics of the old process argued a system based on voting could be politicized and subjective. “I think it (the old process) was a pretty democratic system that we had with a secret ballot, but I also understand the concerns about predictability so we’ve moved in that direction as part of the consensus,” he said. One weakness under the old process was crop disease experts were underrepresented, he said. The new process fixes that. Concerns have also been raised about the PRCWRT committee’s membership. Some perceived it to be dominated by government officials, who were viewed as “regulators,” Beres said. In fact the government members are experts and make up about half of the committee. “If you break things out like that, I think it’s quite balanced actually the way it is at present,” he said.



Under the new system wheats will require 24 site-years of data collected over three calendar years, instead of four years of data. Up to four site-years of foreign data will be acceptable if it’s collected in American states adjoining a Prairie province. New varieties will be assessed for five diseases instead of seven. The diseases are: fusarium head blight, leaf, stem, and stripe rusts and common bunt. Canada has a unique variety registration system for wheat, Beres said. “What that means is when that variety is released in Canada you already have a performance package that’s ready for the farmer, or the sponsoring agency has a higher rate of confidence to predict performance within a certain agro-eco zone,” Beres said. “At the same time the CGC (Canadian Grain Commission) has also determined what the market class is for that (variety).” Last February Agriculture Minister Gerry Ritz wrote all the variety recommending committees asking them to evaluate their procedures and find ways to streamline the process. Ritz doesn’t want the regulatory system discouraging the availability of new superior wheats to Canadian farmers. Wheat industry officials were also invited to submit their recommendations for improving the registration process by Nov. 30, 2013.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

No GM in those little toasted Os Cereal giant joined others in fight against GM labelling propositions REUTERS


e n e ra l Mill s In c. said it has stopped using genetically m o d i f i e d ( G M ) i n g re dients in the popular breakfast cereal Cheerios as the U.S. brandedfoods manufacturer hopes the move will firm up customer loyalty in the face of growing opposition to such additives. Many activists and criti c s h a ve c i t e d s t u d i e s suggesting GM crops are not safe for people and animals who consume them. Some activist groups opposing GM food also say the crops create environmental problems by encouraging more use of certain agrochemicals, and consumers should have the right to know what they are buying. However, General Mills, which also makes Betty Cro c k e r d e s s er t mixes and Yoplait yogurt, said in a company blog post that its decision on ingredients was not driven by safety concerns and “was n e ve r a b o u t pressure” from critics. “It’s not about safety. Biotech seeds, also k n ow n a s g e n e t i c a l l y modified seeds, have been approved by global food safety agencies and w i d e l y u s e d by f a r m ers in global food crops for almost 20 years,” the General Mills blog said. The Minneapolisbased company said it has begun using non-GM cornstarch and non-GM sugar in Cheerios, adding that oats, the primary ingredient, is a crop that is not grown from genetically modified seeds. “Why change anything at all? It’s simple. We did it because we think consumers may embrace it,” the company said in its blog post, credited to Tom Forsythe, the company’s vice-president for global communications. “General Mills offers non-GM choices in most of our major categories in the U.S., and now we can say the same about the ingredients in original Cheerios.” In November, a Washington state ballot meas u re t h a t w o u l d h a v e required labelling of foods containing GM crops did not win wide approval. General Mills, Nestle USA, PepsiCo, Monsanto, DuPont and other corporate giants were key contributors in a consortium raising roughly US$22 million to campaign against the bill.

Seed growers support current variety registration system Don’t change the system, speed up the process, says CSGA executive director By Allan Dawson CO-OPERATOR STAFF

Canada has a flexible variety registration system so it doesn’t need changing, Dale Adolphe, executive director of the Canadian Seed Growers Association, told the Manitoba Seed Growers Association’s annual meeting in Winnipeg Dec. 12. But what does need changing, he added, is how quickly the federal government moves a crop kind to a different registration regime after the industry requests it. “We value the flexibility of the current system,” Adolphe said. “What we don’t value is the responsiveness of the government to make the changes through the system.” However, that might change, he said. The Agricultural Growth Act, tabled in Parliament last month contains provisions that should make it easier to make changes faster.

The current system for recommending new varieties was implemented in 2009 after extensive industry consultation, Adolphe said. Three options Under the current system there are three options for registering new varieties. Part I is what exists now for new wheats in Western Canada. They must go through pre-registration trials with merit assessment overseen by an expert committee. Based on the data the committee decides whether or not to recommend the Canadian Food Inspection Agency register the variety. Under Part II new varieties must go through pre-registration trials, but merit assessment is not required. Crops under Part III only need to meet basic variety registration requirements. Pre-registration trials and merit assessments are not required.

Canadian Seed Growers Association executive director Dale Adolphe says the current variety registration has lots of flexibility, but government is sometimes slow to move crop kinds after the industry has requested it. PHOTO: ALLAN DAWSON Industry players, if there is a consensus, can ask the government to move a crop to a different part.

The canola industry did that weeks after the new registration system was implemented, Adolphe said. In contrast, the federal government has failed to put oilseed soybeans under Part III even though the industry requested it four years ago. “The failure is not the (existing registration) system, but the government’s regulatory change process,” he said. Some critics don’t want any new crop kinds placed under the registration system, Adolphe said. “I think the Brassica carinata sector is looking at having carinata... subject to variety registration and that option should be there for the value chain if that’s what you want,” he said. The Manitoba Seed Growers Association also supports the current registration system because of its flexibility.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Could new trait make swathers disappear? Straight cutting will be more popular and add flexibility to those who continue to swath By Allan Dawson co-operator staff / banff


ayer CropScience says it’s about to roll out a canola hybrid with patented pod shatter-reduction technology, and some farmers who’ve tested it say it might mean parking their swather for good. “For me that’s probably the most exciting trait of them all,” said farmer Frank Groeneweg of Edgeley, Sask. during a panel discussion during Bayer CropScience’s agronomy summit Nov. 27. Panellist Steve L a ro c q u e, w h o f a r m s a n d operates Beyond Agronomy at Three Hills, Alta., agreed. “Having better pod shatter reduction and tolerance is the future,” he said. “I would hope that every variety would give us that option. “We sold our swather four years ago and started straight cutting canola and haven’t looked back and don’t want to.” No swather means one less operation and one less piece of equipment to buy, Larocque said, adding a swather costs around $180,000. InVigor L140P, which is a mid- to early-maturing variety, matched the yields of InVigor 5440 and InVigor L130 when swathed at the normal swathing time, but yielded two and seven per cent more, re s p e c t i ve l y, w hen swath ing was delayed or the crop

Bayer CropScience assembled a panel of farmers and agronomists to discuss some of its new InVigor canola varieties Nov. 27 during its agronomy summit. Steve Larocque farms and runs Beyond Agronomy at Three Hills, Alta., (l to r), Murray Hartman, Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development provincial oilseed specialist, Lacombe, Alta., Frank Groeneweg, Green Atlantic Farms, Edgeley, Sask., and Wes Anderson, agronomy manager, Richardson Pioneer, Regina, Sask.  Photo: Allan Dawson

was straight harvested, Bayer CropScience figures show. L140P also has Bayer’s latest blackleg-resistance genes. “It’s well suited for most of the Prairies, unless clubroot is an issue and then you go with a resistant variety,” said Bayer market development specialist Leighton Blashko. Ninety-four per cent of western Canadian farmers still swath their canola. Ideally farmers should swath canola when 60 per cent of the seeds from the main stem have changed colour. “A larger farmer can’t get it all swathed at the optimum

time,” said panellist Murray Hartman, provincial oilseed specialist with Alberta Agriculture and Rural Development. Studies show farmers lose five to six per cent of their potential canola yield because pods shatter, spilling the seed on the ground before harvest. “So that’s five or six per cent right out of your pocket,” Hartman said. “I know a lot of farmers who will go out of their way to get a variety that is five or six per cent higher yielding.”

Wind damage

High windsB:10.25” at har vest can T:10.25” losses to 20 increase shatter

per cent or more, Hartman added. Strong winds across much of Western Canada in the fall of 2012 robbed farmers of two to four bushels an acre on average, costing them more than $500 million, according to Bayer CropScience estimates. Larocque said his standing canola still yielded 30 bushels an acre despite winds of more than 100 kilometres an hour, while neighbours who had swathed harvested seven bushels an acre. Less shatter ing not only boosts potential yields, but also results in fewer volunteers, making future weed control easier, Hartman said. It a l s o m e a n s p o t e n t i a l l y fewer problems with canola diseases such as clubroot and blackleg. “I see this trait as a direct return on investment as well as a risk management tool,” s a i d p a n e l l i s t We s A n d e rson, agronomy manager with Richardson Pioneer. “I think a pod shatter trait will rapidly increase the number of acres that’ll be straight cut in Western Canada and make farmers more money.”

Limited supplies

Limited supplies of InVigor L140P will be available on a first-come, first-served basis this spring, said Blaine Woycheshin, Bayer CropScience’s manager oilseed crops —

InVigor Seed. The company ran 22 trials across the West in 2013, but wants to “walk before it runs,” with the new technology, he said. InVigor L140P will sell for a $10-an-acre premium ov e r o t h e r I n V i g o r s e e d , Woycheshin said later in an interview. “There’s a yield advantage straight cutting and you save on the swather too, so you’ve got a double benefit,” he said. “It’s a win-win for the grower — time, money, flexibility.” Bayer CropScience is also promoting its sclerotinia-tolerant canola, InVigor L160S a n d i t s c l u b ro o t - re s i s t a n t canola, InVigor L135C. InVigor L160S is tolerant, not resistant to sclerotinia, Blashko emphasized. Farmers can’t rely on it to stay disease free, especially in areas prone to high levels of sclerotinia such as Manitoba’s Red River Valley. However, it could fit with valley farmers who do not automatically apply a fungicide every growing season. “I look at it very much as a r i s k m a n a g e m e n t t o o l ,” Anderson said. Clubroot-resistant canola is important for the areas that have the disease and can play a role in preventing its spread, Anderson said. “Clubroot is going to be c o m i n g s o o n e r o r l a t e r,” added Larocque.


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Having choice is good, but making one is hard When picking a variety, don’t just look at the yield column


ith 72 wheat varieties in various classes listed in Seed Manitoba and more coming all the time, it’s getting a lot harder to decide which variety to grow, so how to decide which new one to try? The first thing to consider shouldn’t be yield, says Robert Graf of AAFC’s Lethbridge Research Centre. “In many cases it’s the nonyield characteristics that determine the success of a variety,” Graf told the Manitoba Agronomists Conference (MAC) in Winnipeg last month. He suggests that producers need to review information from many sources including provincial seed and yield guides, local variety trials, seed company information and also their neighbours. They can then figure out what apart from yield are the critical characteristics that they want in a new variety. For example, a farmer might wish for a new variety to have shorter straw, higher protein and improved disease rust and sprouting resistance. He should then decide what ratings are acceptable given the characteristics he is looking for. As an example, if his current variety has an MS (moderately susceptible) rating for fusarium, he may want an MR (moderately resistant) rating for FHB in a new variety.

Get a marker

Now the methodology comes in. Take the pages of wheat variety listings in the local provincial seed guide and white out the column with the yield data first. Then white out columns listing what you have determined to be non-critical characteristics. For example you may not be concerned about smut or leaf spot resistance. Then blank out (with a black marker) any of the critical characteristics you have identified which don’t have the resistance rating you’re looking for. Next highlight your current variety so it’s easy to distinguish from the rest. Take a look at what varieties are left with no blanks. It could be that there aren’t any. “The blanks effectively become fatal flaws in a potential new variety,” Graf said. “It might end up to be a matter of looking at varieties that only have one or two things blanked out and deciding what you can live with.” And that might end up being your current variety after all. Although Graf says that yield should not be the decisive factor in choice of a variety, it’s still important. Producers may want to consider whether management changes such as fertility, rotation, tillage, weed control or fungicides could make their current variety perform better. Graf suggests that producers who do decide to try new varieties should do so on a small scale before making a whole-farm switch and also not base decisions on just one year’s results.

Deciphering classes

An ever-more complex wheat industry is causing some confusion about wheat classes

“It’s a one-off time in the markets and when the spreads increase and we get back to more longterm averages on yields, (margins) will need to be revisited.”

Dan Caron MAFRD

and how wheat is priced in the marketplace. There has been a growing trend toward higheryielding, mid-protein wheat varieties and although CWRS still occupies 77 per cent of Manitoba’s wheat acres, there was more non-CWRS wheat grown in Manitoba in 2013 than ever before. “In an open marketing environment producers are looking for economical alternatives to growing high-protein spring wheat,” Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Development’s (MAFRD) Dan Caron told the MAC. But the equation still holds true that revenue equals price times yield, so the increase in yield must offset the decrease in price for a lower quality to make economic sense, Caron said. Despite record spring wheat yields in Manitoba in 2013, protein levels were the lowest in recent history. Protein premiums and discounts have widened since harvest, with some companies discounting as much as 35 cents per bushel per percentage drop in protein. As a result, CWRS prices are now comparable to winter wheat prices, which have traditionally been lower. Caron said there are advant a g e s i n g r ow i n g d i f f e r ent wheat classes, including spreading out risk and also being able to insure each class separately to avoid averaging of yields under crop insurance. But there can be a lot of price confusion. Not all buyers use the same criteria to determine classes and pricing. Segregation also becomes an issue and Caron believes it will become increasingly important to have different classes handled and binned separately. He also cautioned that fusarium and DON levels are largely unknown in newer varieties that have not had to perform in many cases under high enough fusarium pressure to determine how they will fare. Although the expansion of varieties in all classes offers more options for wheat growers they need to be aware of the pros and cons, says Caron. “Wheat isn’t just wheat anymore,” he says. “Producers need to understand all aspects of each class to determine the best fit for their production.” Caron’s final caution is not to look at 2013 as a year upon which to base all your cropping decisions — rather it should be considered an “outlier” year. “It’s a one-off time in the markets and when the spreads increase and we get back to more long-term averages on yields, (margins) will need to be revisited.”

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A sample portion of the CWRS variety table from Seed Manitoba 2014. AAFC’s Robert Graf suggests covering the yield table first and then blacking out undesirable characteristics to determine which varieties have the best balance for your farm. SEC_PAST13_T_MC.qxd


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Dow’s GMO Enlist corn and beans closer to approval Critics claim health risks from the 2,4-D component of the herbicide system By Carey Gillam REUTERS


he U.S. Department of Agriculture said Jan. 3 it was leaning towards a long-awaited approval of Dow AgroSciences’ genetically altered “Enlist” corn and soybeans that have been heavily criticized by groups that say they will harm the environment. The Enlist seeds are designed to be used in combination with a new herbicide developed by Dow that combines the weed killers 2,4-D, known for its use in the Agent Orange defoliant, and glyphosate. Dow, a unit of Dow Chemical, says the crops and the herbicide combination, the “Enlist Weed Control System,” will help combat an explosion of cropchoking weeds around the United States that have become resistant to glyphosate, the chief ingredient in the popular Roundup herbicide sold by Dow rival Monsanto Co. Dow officials cheered the USDA announcement, which followed over two years of scrutiny of Enlist by the agency. They said Enlist corn and soybeans should be on the market by 2015, roughly two years after the initial target launch date. Enlist cotton should follow them at some point in the future, they added. “Enlist will be a tool to help address the significant weed control problems that farmers are facing today,” the company said in a statement. Critics reacted with alarm and reiterated warnings that approval of the new biotech crops will only increase the use of pesticides and thus increase weed resistance over the long term. They say there are significant health risks associated with 2,4-D. It was one of the ingredients in Agent Orange, the Vietnam War defoliant blamed for numerous health problems suffered by soldiers and Vietnamese civilians during and after the war. Although the main health effects of Agent Orange were blamed on the other component of the mixture (2,4,5T) and dioxin contamination, critics say 2,4-D has significant health risks of its own.

Onslaught of concerns

The Center for Food Safety, a chief critic of Enlist, said that 2,4-D and other herbicides of its class have been independently associated with deadly immune system cancers, Parkinson’s disease, endocrine disruption, and reproductive problems. “This is among the worst applications of biotechnology,” said Andrew Kimbrell, executive director of the Center for Food Safety. “They will increase the use of toxic pesticides in industrial agriculture while providing absolutely no benefit to consumers.” Last May the USDA said it was extending its scrutiny of Enlist after receiving an onslaught of concerns from the public and biotech critics. In its decision announced Friday, the USDA said it had completed a “Draft Environmental Impact Statement”

“This is among the worst applications of biotechnology.” ANDREW KIMBRELL Center for Food Safety

(DEIS) for Enlist corn, and two types of Enlist soybeans and said its “preferred” option was approval of all three. The USDA noted in its statement that its regulatory authority is limited and it primarily evaluates the risks a new biotech crop presents to other crops or plants. The draft EIS will now be available for public review and USDA said it will hold a “virtual public meeting” to receive feedback from the public before it makes a final regulatory decision.

USDA’s review comes at the same time that the Environmental Protection Agency is reviewing the safety of Dow’s Enlist 2,4-D herbicide. The EPA is expected to issue its proposed regulatory decision in the next few months. As Dow pushes for approval of its new crop/herbicide combination, Monsanto, in conjunction with BASF, also is seeking regulatory approval for new genetically altered s oy b e a n s a n d c o t t o n t h a t resist a new dicamba-based herbicide.

Dow’s Enlist system is designed to combat the spread of glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth, which has spread to 155 million acres in the U.S.

It’s all tied up. When it comes to yield supremacy, it’s six of one, half dozen of the other. It’s been talked about, debated, and argued amongst growers across the prairies. When it’s all said and done, according to yield trials, Genuity® Roundup Ready® hybrids yield on par with the competition.* Like all contests this close, the debate rages on... for now.

*Source: 2012 Field-Scale Canola Performance Trials Always follow grain marketing and all other stewardship practices and pesticide label directions. Details of these requirements can be found in the Trait Stewardship Responsibilities Notice to Farmers printed in this publication. ©2013 Monsanto Canada, Inc.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Straw to be turned into power After years of development, a St. Adolphe company is planning to use its biomass burners to help power small communities By Shannon VanRaes CO-OPERATOR STAFF


A three-million-BTU biomass burner made by Triple Green Energy in St. Adolphe. The heating units can also be built in self-contained shipping containers for simple transportation and setup. PHOTO: SUBMITTED

DestineD for greatness

pinning it into gold may be out of the question, but one Manitoba company is hoping to turn straw and other agricultural waste products into electricity. The St. Adolphe-based Triple Green Energy — formerly known as Biomass Best — is preparing to test a new system that it hopes will generate 70 kilowatts of power, using a three-million-BTU biomass burner. Although large-scale generating stations use biomass — such as straw, oat hulls, cattails and flax — in Scandinavian countries, Triple Green president Raymond Dueck isn’t aware of any other projects like his in North America, and certainly not in Manitoba. “So it’s still a maybe, but it’s a pretty good maybe,” he said, adding his company began developing the biomass burners in 1999. But since the beginning, people



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“Unfortunately... Manitoba Hydro doesn’t pay very much for people to generate electricity and inject it in the grid.” RAYMOND DUECK

have always asked him the same question. “Every time you turn around, people are saying, ‘boy that’s something — can you generate electricity with it?’” Dueck said. He hopes to answer that question later this month, by hooking up an Ontario-made generator that uses a process known as the organic Rankine cycle to turn a turbine and generate electricity to one of his biomass-burning systems. The test unit will be powered by a three-million-BTU biomass burner that normally has the capacity to heat 50 homes. But exactly how much power that same unit will generate is still unknown. “Typically when you convert that to electrical energy, it’s considered pretty good if you get 25 per cent of it converted to electrical energy,” Dueck said. In theory, a system of that size could generate 200 kilowatts of power, with heat left over for homes and businesses, but Dueck said the plan is to work their way up, beginning with a 70-kilowatt prototype. Eventually, he would like to be able to generate power using the six-million-BTU biomass burners Triple Green also manufactures. Dueck sees a market for the power generators in both rural communities and urban housing developments. “I think ideally, it could be, should be, used as a heating system for new developments — this system could sit in the corner of the development, and run from there and hot water would be pumped to every home and they would be heated off of that,” he said, adding such systems also add redundancy to the power system in the event of severe weather or downed power lines. Many small communities could also work in tandem to contribute to the rural power grid using distributed power systems, allowing the existing power grid to stabilize the flow of electricity, Dueck explained. “And of course as you off-load more power generation to the communities, you can sell more power out of province, so it makes a lot of sense,” he said. Localized power generation can also negate the need to build expensive new lines to communities that only need a small boost in power. However, the inventor doesn’t see most of his sales occurring in Manitoba. “Unfortunately... Manitoba Hydro doesn’t pay very much for people to generate electricity and inject it in the grid,” Dueck said. “But in Ontario they’re paying 13 cents a kilowatt for biomass energy injected into the grid, so we expect we will be selling quite a few systems into Ontario in the near future.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Farmers file appeal of CWB decision

Braving the cold

Friends of the Canadian Wheat Board will challenge Nov. 29 ruling


Despite the prolonged deep freeze, these two decided to get some outdoor activity last week.   photo: hermina Janz

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our Prairie farmer plaintiffs leading a proposed class-action suit, calling for federal compensation over the deregulation of the Canadian Wheat Board, have launched an appeal of their recent Federal Court loss. Their proposed class action — first filed in February 2012 and spearheaded by Winnipeg lawyer Anders Bruun and Ottawa lawyer Steven Shrybman — saw most of its pillars knocked down in a Nov. 29 ruling from Federal Court Justice Daniele Tremblay-Lamer in Ottawa. The appeal “moves forward the legal action on the seizure of the wheat board’s assets and reputation from farmers by the federal government,” Bruun said in a release from Friends of the Canadian Wheat Board (FCWB). The FCWB was formed in defence of the CWB’s single marketing desk for Prairie wheat and barley before its deregulation in 2012, and now supports the proposed suit. Filing to appeal, Bruun said, also “shows the resolve of my clients to keep fighting against the expropriation without compensation that the government has visited on farmers.” “If Ottawa did this to a multinational corporation it would be forced by (the North American Free Trade Agreement) and our other trade obligations to provide compensation,” plaintiff Nathan Macklin of DeBolt, Alta. said in the FCWB release. FCWB chair Stewart Wells said the group believes TremblayLamer “made errors of fact in her judgment.” The group’s supporters, he said, feel “it is imperative that we continue with our legal efforts to recover the $17 billion of value and assets farmers put into the wheat board.”

U.S. tile maker buys into Canadian market


southern Manitoba company making tile pipe for the agricultural market is about to become the Canadian arm of a U.S. competitor. Minnesota-based Prinsco announced in December it has bought AccuPipe of Winkler, Man. for an undisclosed sum — and also plans to set up a second facility at Taber in southern Alberta. The sale of AccuPipe, which makes high-density polyethylene (HDPE) pipe for drainage, was expected to close in the next 30 days, Prinsco said, after which AccuPipe will officially become Prinsco Canada. Prinsco said it expects to have its plant at Taber, about 50 km east of Lethbridge, up and running in the spring of 2014. Prinsco, which has operated since 1975, is based at Willmar, Minn., about 130 km west of Minneapolis, and operates manufacturing plants in Minnesota and seven other states.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Farm living inspiration, ag business insight.

Gain a new perspective on your farm, your family and your future with this informative video series from Farm Credit Canada. Current AGCanadaTV topics include:  Management Moment: Seasonal Price Trends Kevin Stewart explores how following season price trends can help you get the most for your ag commodities.  Don’t Let Negative Habits Shape Your Outlook Motivational speaker Darci Lang challenges us to keeping complaints to a minimum and focusing on the 90 percent of your life that is positive.  Talking Leadership with General Rick Hillier General Rick Hillier explains some of his favourite leadership phrases and how they speak to innovative and inspirational leadership.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

AUCTION DISTRICTS Parkland – North of Hwy 1; west of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Westman – South of Hwy 1; west of PR 242. Interlake – North of Hwy 1; east of PR 242, following the west shore of Lake Manitoba and east shore of Lake Winnipegosis. Red River – South ofHwy 1; east of PR 242.

The Pas

Birch River

Swan River Minitonas





Gilbert Plains



Riverton Eriksdale






Rapid City

Reston Melita




Pilot Mound Crystal City


Elm Creek


Ste. Anne



Lac du Bonnet


Austin Treherne

Westman Boissevain

Stonewall Selkirk

Portage Carberry




Erickson Minnedosa





Shoal Lake

Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., based in Saskatoon, are looking to contract Borage acres for the upcoming 2014 growing season.

Fisher Branch

Ste. Rose du Lac Russell

Specialty Crops Various




St. Pierre


Morris Winkler Morden




Red River

SEED/FEED/CROP INPUTS Pedigreed Cereals Various DURAND SEEDS: CERT CARDALE, Carberry & Harvest wheat; Souris & Stride Oats; Conlon Barley; CDC Bethune & CDC Glas Flax; Mancan, AC Manisoba & Koma Buckwheat; Canola, Forage & lawn seed. (204)248-2268, (204)745-7577, NotreDame,MB. JAMES FARMS LTD AC Carberry Wheat, Tradition Barley, Souris & Summit Oats, Hanley Flax, Forage seeds, various Canola, Sunflower & Soybean seed varieties. Custom processing, seed treating & delivery avail. Early payment discount. For info call (204)222-8785 or toll free 1-866-283-8785, Wpg. LARGE QUANTITY OF CERTIFIED harvest wheat for sale, wholesale pricing & selling in truckload lots only. Also certified Newdale 2-Row malt barley. Inland Seed Corp. Binscarth MB. (204)683-2316.

AUTOS/TRUCKS/TRAILERS Trucks 2003 INTL 9100i 425-HP Cat, 10-SPD, auto-greasor, 20-ft. cancade, safetied. (204)655-3447

LIVESTOCK/POULTRY/PETS Pets & Supplies AUSTRAILIAN SHEPHERD PUPS FROM working trial champion lines, Hangin Tree & Las Rocosa breeding. Available to farm & ranch homes, ready to go w/vaccinations & vet exams. Phone (204)859-2167 or Border Collie Pups: Out of good working parents. Over 20 years breeding - pups guaranteed. Pam McIntyre (204)365-0372 BORDER COLLIE PUPS FOR sale, 4-months old, working parents, on site. $125 ea, delivery neg. to certain areas. No Sunday calls, (204)656-4430, Winnipegosis.

Great profit potential based on yield, prices and low input costs. Attractive oil premiums and free seed delivery and on-farm pick-up. Flexible contracting options available as well. For more information, please contact Carl Lynn P.Ag. of Bioriginal at:

306-229-9976 (cell) 306-975-9295 (office)

AUCTION SALES AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Parkland MEYERS AUCTION 10:00am Sat., Jan. 18th, indoors at 431 Lansdowne Ave, Arden, MB. Antiques, Collectables, Furniture & more. Bradley Meyers, Auctioneer. Meyers Auctions & Appraisals. (204)368-2333. MEYERS COIN AUCTION 10:00am Sun., Jan. 19th, indoors at 431 Lansdowne Ave, Arden, MB. 600+ collector coins & paper money. Bradley Meyers, Auctioneer. Meyers Auctions & Appraisals (204)368-2333.

AUCTION SALES Manitoba Auctions – Interlake McSherry Auction Service Ltd


Welders & Lathes: 36” Metal Lathe * Grizzly 24” Metal Lathe * Lathe Knarling & Cutters * King PDM-30 Milling & Drilling Machine * Access for Lathe & Milling Machine * 2) Miller Syncrowve AC/DC Welders w/ Cooling System * Millermatic WC II Al Welder * Miller 200 Mig Welder * Welding Clamps * Accetylene Torche Port A Spot Arc Welder * Ammo Model 3000 Brake Drum Lathe * Drill Press * Hyd Press * Precision Sand Blaster * Ribbon Sander * Delta Disc/Belt Sander * Air Comp * 3HP Dust Collector * Metal Buffers *Manual 12” Metal Brake * 48” Metal Brake * Pipe Benders * Bumper Jack * Anvil * Parts Washer * Work Benchs

Stuart McSherry

BE AN AUCTIONEER. (507)995-7803


GOODS USED TRACTOR PARTS: (204)564-2528 or 1-877-564-8734, Roblin, MB. MURPHY SALVAGE New & used parts for tractors, combines, swathers, square & round balers, tillage, press drills & other misc machinery. MURPHY SALVAGE (204)858-2727 or toll free 1-877-858-2728.

REAL ESTATE/RENTALS Land For Sale FARM LAND FOR SALE: 2,156-ac in R.M. of Westbourne. Call Henry Kuhl:(204)885-5500. Royal LaPage Alliance. The following Private Land is being offered for sale: NE 27-23-08W, SE 16-23-08W, NE 10-23-08W, SE 27-23-08W, NW 23-23-08W, SE 23-23-08W, W 1/2 26-23-08W, NE 22-23-08W. The following Crown lands have been approved by Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Rural Development for transfer to the purchaser of the private lands listed as these lands are part of the ranch unit held by William Lazarowich of Mulvihill, MB. SE 10-23-08W , NE 16-23-08W, NE 22-23-08W, NW 22-23-08W, SE 22-23-08W, SW 22-23-08W, NE 23-23-08W, SW 23-23-08W, NW 27-23-08W, SW 27-23-08W, SE 34-23-08W, SE 35-23-08W, SW 35-23-08W. If you wish to purchase the private land and apply for the Unit Transfer contact the Lessee William Lazarowich at PO Box 2, Grp 15 RR 1 in Mulvihill, MB R0C 2G0. If you wish to comment on or object to the eligibility of this Unit Transfer write the Director, MAFRI, Agricultural Crown Lands, PO Box 1286, Minnedosa MB R0J 1E0; or Fax (204)867-6578. MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS/SERVICES

Crop Consulting

FARM CHEMICAL SEED COMPLAINTS We also specialize in: Crop Insurance appeals; Chemical drift; Residual herbicide; Custom operator issues; Equipment malfunction; Yield comparisons, Plus Private Investigations of any nature. With our assistance the majority of our clients have received compensation previously denied. Back-Track Investigations investigates, documents your loss and assists in settling your claim. Licensed Agrologist on Staff. For more information Please call 1-866-882-4779

GREAT PRICES ON NEW, used & remanufactured engines, parts & accessories for diesel pickups. Large inventory, engines can be shipped or installed. Give us a call or check us out at Thickett Engine Rebuilding. Ph (204)532-2187, Russell MB.

AUTO & TRANSPORT Semi Trucks & Trailers FOR SALE: 1989 MACK truck model R688ST, 350 engine, Eaton 8LL trans, 22.5 tires 60%, wet kit, A/C, not safetied, $9,000 OBO. (204)648-7136 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 Freightliner Columbia Mercedes 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:90 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 1,184,389-kms. $18,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 500 HP, 18 SP, 3:73 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Four-Way Differential Locks, 1,428,989-kms. $29,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2005 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 475 HP, 13 SP, 3:73 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, 1,409,137-kms. $19,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2006 Volvo 630 D12 465 HP, 18 SP Autoshift, 4:30 Gear Ratio, 14600-lbs Front, 46000-lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 240-in Wheel Base, 927,814-kms. $27,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2006 Western Star 4900 Mercedes 450 HP, 10 SP Eaton Autoshift, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, New 20-ft Cancade Grain Box, Remote Gate & Hoist, 1,045,311-kms. $65,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2007 IHC 9900I Cummins ISX 500 HP, 18 SP, 3:58 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000 lbs Rear, 22.5in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 72-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,356,565-kms. $37,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2007 Western Star 4900SA Detroit 515 HP, 18 SP, 3:91 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 209-in Wheel Base, Four-Way Differential Locks, New Rebuilt Engine, 759,564-kms. $40,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2008 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:55 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,005,456-kms. $39,000.00 TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2009 Kenworth T800 Cummins ISX 525 HP, 18 SP, 4:10 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 196-in Wheel Base, Four-Way Differential Locks, 866,438-kms. $59,000.00

FARM MACHINERY Haying & Harvesting – Various

FARM MACHINERY Snowblowers, Plows

Rebuilt Concaves

FOR SALE: BUHLER ALLIED 9620 Snowblower 8-ft., 2 augers, 3-PTH, $3,000. Phone (204)534-6850.

Rebuild combine table augers Rebuild hydraulic cylinders Roller mills regrooved MFWD housings rebuilt Steel and aluminum welding Machine Shop Service Line boreing and welding

Penno’s Machining & Mfg. Ltd. Eden, MB 204-966-3221 Fax: 204-966-3248

Check out A & I online parts store


Combine ACCessories

BEEKEEPING Bee Equipment

FARM MACHINERY Combine – Accessories

STRONG SINGLE HIVES or Nuke for sale. Call Andy Loewen (204)326-1500 or email


PRICE TO CLEAR!! 75 truckloads 29 gauge full hard 100,000PSI high tensile roofing & siding. 16 colours to choose from. Multi-coloured millends.........49¢/ft.2

Also in stock low rib white 29 ga. ideal for archrib buildings BEAT THE PRICE INCREASES CALL NOW


BUILDINGS AFAB INDUSTRIES IS YOUR SUPERIOR post frame building company. For estimates and information call 1-888-816-AFAB(2322). Website: CONCRETE FLATWORK: Specializing in place & finish of concrete floors. Can accommodate any floor design. References available. Alexander, MB. 204-752-2069. FOR SALE: 1 FUTURE steel building X frame model, dimension 110-ft. long x 40-ft. wide x 21-ft. high, all steel building, asking $55,000. (204)867-2436, (204)868-1212.


HEADER TRAILERS & ACCESSORIES. Arc-Fab Industries. 204-355-9595

FARM MACHINERY Parts & Accessories

Harvest Salvage Co. Ltd. 1-866-729-9876 5150 Richmond Ave. East BRANDON, MB. New, Used & Re-man. Parts

Tractors Combines Swathers The Real Used FaRm PaRTs sUPeRsToRe Over 2700 Units for Salvage • TRACTORS • COMBINES • SWATHERS • DISCERS Call Joe, leN oR daRWIN (306) 946-2222 monday-Friday - 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

WATROUS SALVAGE WaTRoUs, sK. Fax: 306-946-2444


1-800-667-9871 • Regina 1-800-667-3095 • Saskatoon 1-800-387-2768 • Winnipeg 1-800-222-6594 • Edmonton “For All Your Farm Parts”

CUSTOM BIN MOVING Book now! Fert Tanks. Hopper Bins/flat. Buy/Sell. Call Tim (204)362-7103 or E-mail Requests


NEW WOBBLE BOXES for JD, IH, MacDon headers. Made in Europe, factory quality. Get it direct from Western Canada’s sole distributor starting at $1,095. 1-800-667-4515.

NEW & USED TRACTOR PARTS NEW COMBINE PARTS Large Inventory of new and remanufactured parts

NEW MC DRYERS IN STOCK w/canola screens 300-2,000 BPH units. Why buy used, when you get new fuel efficient & better quality & control w/MC. Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662. SUKUP Grain Dryers For Sale: 1 or 3 ph, LP/NG, canola screens. Discount pricing now in effect. Call for more info (204)998-9915

FARM MACHINERY Grain Elevators 80-FT. BUCKET ELEVATING LEG w/3 phase 10-HP electric motor. Phone (204)886-3304.


36-FT JD 730 DOUBLE Disc w/1900 TBT Cart, $34,000; JD 787 TBT Cart $12,500. Can Deliver. Call Brian:(204)856-6119 or (204)685-2896. MacGregor, MB.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Air Seeders 8800 BOURGAULT 40-FT AIR Drill, Poly Packers, Harrows, 8-in Spacing, 3225 TBH Cart, $32,000. Call (204)825-8121.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Various

TracTors FARM MACHINERY Tractors – John Deere FOR SALE: 1979 JOHN Deere 4440 tractor w/148 loader w/8-ft bucket, duals (shedded, good shape) Phone: (204)748-1024. FOR SALE: JD 2950 MFWD, 3-pt., painted, w/265 FEL; JD 4250 MFWD, powershift w/o FEL; JD 4440 Quad, fact duals; JD 4450 2WD, 3-pt.,15-SPD; JD 4450 MFWD, 15-SPD; JD 4450 MFWD, Quad; JD 6430 MFWD, 3-pt., 20-SPD w/LHR, premium, 5,000-hrs; JD 7720 MFWD, 3-pt., 20-SPD w/LHR, w/746 FEL, grapple. All tractors can be sold w/new or used loaders. Mitch’s Tractor Sales Ltd. St. Claude, MB. Call: (204)750-2459.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – Versatile FOR SALE:1985 836 Designation 6. Very nice condition, next to new radial tires all around, 15-spd trans, w/PTO. Asking $35,000 OBO. Phone: (204)743-2145 or (204)526-5298.

FARM MACHINERY Tractors – 2 Wheel Drive STEVE’S TRACTOR REBUILDER specializing in JD tractors in need of repair or burnt, or will buy for parts. JD parts available. Phone: 204-466-2927 or cell: 204-871-5170, Austin.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous 24-FT OCEAN STORAGE CONTAINER, excellent shape, asking $3850, can be delivered; 45-ft extendable Hallin semi rafter trailer, good shape, asking $3900; Case 730 gas tractor, good tires, 3-PTH, w/7-ft Allied snowblower, asking $3700; 48-ft Fruehauf semi storage trailer, good condition, asking $4000. (204)728-1861 30-FT WHITE TANDEM DISC, new front blades, also a New Holland 116 Haybine. Phone Jack: (204)526-2857. Holland, MB. GRAINVACS BRANDT 4500, $7500; Rem 552, $3000; Rem 2500HD, $9500; Walinga 510, $950; 8x30 auger, $900; New 9-ft 3-PTH blade, $950; 10ft box scraper, $2250; 12-ft, $2450; 12-ft Leon front blade, $3500; 10-ft Leon blade, $2000; 150-bu Snowco feeder cart, $750; Sudenga weigh-wagon digital scale, $3500; Haybuster bale shredder, $6000. Phone (204)857-8403.

FERTILIZER SPREADERS: 4-TON $1,500, 5-ton $4,000, 6-ton $6,000, 8-ton $7,000-8,000; Vicon 3-PH spreader $450; Valmar 240 $1,500; Valmar PT $5,500; Small Valmar $700. Phone: (204)857-8403.

BIG BINS & FLOORS at old prices, 20,000-56,000bu. bins holding prices until spring. NEW MOISTURE CABLES! Call Wall Grain for details (204)269-7616 or (306)244-1144 or (403)393-2662.

FARM MACHINERY Tillage & Seeding – Air Drills

JD 1770 16 ROW 30-in. planter, 1 season on discs, new chain & bearings on drive shaft, liquid fertilizer, $46,000. (204)746-4555.

FARM MACHINERY Fertilizer Equipment


Tillage & Seeding

FOR SALE: KUHN ROTOSPIKE tiller w/crumbler, 9-ft. 6-in. wide, 3-pt., 1000 PTO, 2-SPD gear box, great for breaking land up, $6,000 OBO. (204)648-7136

BUILDING & RENOVATIONS Doors & Windows FOR SALE: 12-FT H x 16-ft W insulated overhead door w/track & hardware. $1,500. Phone: (204)364-2252.

SCHULTE SDX960 C/W HYD deflector, like new, $6,950. Phone (204)436-2049

BOURGAULT 42-FT 9200, CP, Harrows, $21,000. Call (204)825-8121.


Ask about our blowout colours...65¢/ft.2

Stonewall, MB - #12 Patterson Dr

AUCTION SALES Auctions Various


TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2012 Peterbilt 386 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 13 SP, 3:90 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 206-in Wheel Base, Three-Way Differential Locks, Wet Kit, 168,566-kms. $79,000.00

Sat., Jan. 18 @ 10:00 am



TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2010 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 550 HP, 18 SP, 4:10 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, Super 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63-in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 779,362-kms. $65,000.00

B-Gr. coloured......................70¢/ft.2

(204) 467-1858 or (204) 886-7027

COMBINE WORLD located 20 min. E of Saskatoon, SK on Hwy. #16. 1 year warranty on all new, used, and rebuilt parts. Canada’s largest inventory of late model combines & swathers. 1-800-667-4515

TITAN TRUCK SALES (204)685-2222 2009 Peterbilt 388 Cummins ISX 450 HP, 18 SP, 3:55 Gear Ratio, 12000-lbs Front, 40000-lbs Rear, 22.5-in Aluminum Wheels, 244-in Wheel Base, 63in Mid-Rise Bunk, Three-Way Differential Locks, 1,145,366-kms. $49,000.00

Estate & Moving

BORDER COLLIE reg male pups from rare match of champion bloodlines & working parents, born Sept. 22nd, 2013, $700. First shots, microchip, registration, more. Classic black & white coloring. (204)664-2027

Combines Various

AUTO & TRANSPORT Semi Trucks & Trailers

STEINBACH, MB. Ph. 326-2443 Toll-Free 1-800-881-7727 Fax (204) 326-5878 Web site: E-mail: BUILDINGS

GRAVITY WAGONS NEW 400-BU, $7100; 600-bu, $12,000; Double compartment type & tarps available used. 750-bu Parker, $14,000; JM750, $14,500; Parker 500, $6000; Parker 616-bu, $10,500; Kilbros 375, $3000; 250-bu Daicon, $2500; Grain carts 450-1100-bu large selection priced to sell. Phoenix Harrow, $9500; Mixmills Artsway, $1500; Henke 36-in rollermill, $5000; Champion rollermill 20-in, $2000. Phone (204)857-8403. QUONSET NEW IN CRATE, 35x52x18, $20,000; JD dozer blade w/guard fits 8970 16-ft. 6 way, $15,000; MF 860 & 20-ft. straight cut, $7,000; Ford 5000 w/loader, $7,500; Vac sewer tank & pump, $14,000; Rotex SR7 power parachute 300-hrs, for parts, $3,000; Tree Farmer skidder $4,500; Bison head squeeze, $4,500; 2004 Rumble Bee short box, $11,500; Stock trailer, 43-ft. 3, 12,000-lb. axles gooseneck, no price. OBO. Downsizing! (306)236-8023. REDUCED: 2005 Case MX285 PWR shift, 4 hyd, 3-pt. w/quick hitch, 1000 PTO, front fenders, R46 rear duals, R34 front tires, has 4,200-hrs, was $102,000 now $89,900; 2011 Sitrex MK 16 V rake, like new; 1980 JD 644B hay loader, 3.5-yd bucket, good tires, runs excellent, 140-HP, was $20,000 now $17,500. (204)425-3518 SNOWBLOWERS: LORENTZ HEAVY DUTY 8-ft $1,700, JD 7-ft $1,500, 8-ft single auger $1,000, 6-ft V-type $250; Skidsteer NH 865LX $12,900; 6x16 bumper pull stock trailer $3,000, 6x16 GN $3,500; Powder River squeeze chute $1,600; 10-in skidsteer tracks $750; Tractor cab $600; Balzer forage wagon front conveyor $3,000; Harsh 350 Auger feed cart $5,000. Phone:(204)857-8403.


The Icynene Insulation System® • Sprayed foam insulation • Ideal for shops, barns or homes • Healthier, Quieter, More Energy Efficient®



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions

FREE STANDING CORRAL PANELS, Feeders & Alley ways, 30ft or order to size. Oil Field Pipe: 1.3, 1.6, 1.9, 1 7/8, 2-in, 2 3/8, 2 7/8, 3 1/2. Sucker Rod: 3/4, 7/8, 1. Casing Pipes: 4-9inch. Sold by the piece or semi load lots. For special pricing call Art (204)685-2628 or cell (204)856-3440.


Contact Sharon

Email: Advertise your unwanted equipment in the Classifieds. Call our toll-free number and place your ad with our friendly staff, and don’t forget to ask about our prepayment bonus. Prepay for 3 weeks and get 2 weeks free! 1-800-782-0794.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous


FIRST CATTLE SALE OF 2014 Friday, January 10 @ 9:00 am

NEXT SHEEP & GOAT SALE Wednesday, January 22 @ 1:00 pm Gates Open: Mon.-Wed. 8AM-4PM Thurs. 8AM-10PM Friday 8AM-6PM Sat. 8AM-4PM

We have 7 to 10 local buyers and orders and 7 to 8 regular order buyers on our market.

“Where Buyers & Sellers Meet” For more information call: 204-694-8328 Jim Christie 204-771-0753 Scott Anderson 204-782-6222 Mike Nernberg 204-807-0747 Licence #1122

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Angus HAMCO CATTLE CO- The Hamiltons at Glenboro, MB have for sale a strong group of Red & Black Angus bred heifers & cows, bred to easy calving bulls, due to calve Mar-Jun. Very good vaccanation program. For more info, contact Albert, Glen, or Larissa Hamilton:(204)827-2358 or (204)526-0705 or David Hamilton:(204)822-3054. Farming is enough of a gamble, advertise in the Manitoba Co-operator classified section. It’s a sure thing. 1-800-782-0794.

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

LIVESTOCK Cattle Auctions


Prairie-Wide Display Classifieds

Buy one province, buy two provinces or buy all three. Great rates whatever you choose

FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous


FARM MACHINERY Machinery Miscellaneous

for Southridge Land & Cattle CO of Gladstone, MB Friday, January 24th at 11:00am 225 cross bred cows Bred Black & Red Simmental & Black Angus Bulls where exposed July 1st Plus 30 mostly Black Bred heifers Heifers are bred Black Simmental & Black Angus Bulls where exposed to the heifers May 10th The heifers have Ivomec, A D & MUSE Most of the cows will be age verified For more info phone the mart at (204)385-2537 Dave Nickel Auctioneer (204)637-3393 License # 1108

GRUNTHAL LIVESTOCK AUCTION MART. LTD. Hwy #205, Grunthal • (204) 434-6519




Jan 14th, 21st & 28th

Monday, January 27th Sheep & Goat Sale with Small Animals 12:00 Noon

Sales Agent for


Why would you buy a used John Deere?

We also have a line of Agri-blend all natural products for your livestock needs. (protein tubs, blocks, minerals, etc)

For on farm appraisal of livestock or for marketing information please call

For the same reasons you’d buy new.

Harold Unrau (Manager) Cell 871 0250 Auction Mart (204) 434-6519 MB. Livestock Dealer #1111


LIVESTOCK Cattle – Black Angus FOR SALE: 2 1/2-yr old Black Angus bull, sired by Iron Mountain. Asking $2,800 OBO. Phone: (204)743-2145 or (204)526-5298. FOR SALE: REGISTERED BLACK ANGUS bulls low birth weight, very quiet, hand fed, no disappointments, EPD’s & delivery avail. Amaranth (204)843-2287. FOR SALE: REGISTERED BLACK Angus heifers, bred to calving ease Black Angus bull, to start calving in April. Also Registered polled Hereford heifers bred to Hereford bull. Call Don (204)873-2430

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Charolais FOR SALE: PUREBRED CHAROLAIS bulls, 2-yr old, 1 1/2-yr old & yearlings. Polled, some Red Factor, some good for heifers, semen tested in spring, guaranteed & delivered. R & G McDonald Livestock, Sidney MB. (204)466-2883, (204)724-2811. PB BULLS & HEIFER calves born Feb & Mar. Also 1 1/2-yr old bulls. Phone Jack: (204)526-2857. Holland, MB.

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Hereford FOR SALE: REGISTERED POLLED Hereford Heifers, bred to calving ease Hereford bull, to start calving in April. Also Registered Black Angus heifers bred to Black Angus bull. Call Don (204)873-2430

LIVESTOCK Cattle – Simmental 31 RED FACTOR SIMMENTAL heifers, bred to proven light birth weight (75lbs) black bull. To start calving Mid-April. Got all vaccinations, Ivomec’d & preg-checked. $1,600/each for the lot. Riverbank Farms, Ray Cormier. Phone:(204)736-2608. FOR SALE: 21 TOP quality bred Simmental cows & heifers. All very quiet, no culls, start calving Feb 25, bred to son of Metro 4E, son of Hook Shear Force 38K. Reason for selling: sold the farm. Selling in one lot for $1,500/each. Call Andre Mangin, evening: (204)828-3446.

There are many reasons to buy a pre-owned John Deere tractor or combine, and they all come down to one thing. Value. Technology. Consider–a 3-year old John Deere 8R. When it came off the line it was AutoTrac™ Ready and JDLink™ enabled*. With one phone call to your dealer, you can begin using precision technology to help reduce inputs, improve yields, and get more done in less time.

FOR SALE: REGISTERED FULL-BLOOD Simmental cows, closed herd, calving from late DecApr, would preg-check. Phone:(204)720-3103.

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various

Uptime. You can’t make money standing still. Pre-owned John Deere equipment, like a 9770 Combine, comes fully supported by your John Deere dealer. The pay-off: reliable, consistent performance, backed by an unrivaled dealer network.

20 GOOD QUALITY BLACK & Red Angus X bred heifers for sale. Start calving March 12th, 2014. Bred w/easy calving Black Angus bull. (204)379-2408.

Resale value. John Deere tractors and combines are among the best in the industry at holding their value. So when the time comes and you’re ready to trade up to another used or new John Deere tractor or combine, your investment delivers yet again.

25 BRED HEIFERS Simm Angus X, exposed from May 1st-July 3rd to Red or Black Angus bulls, full vacc & Ivomec. Norman Lussier (204)345-8492, Lac du Bonnet.

Now is a great time to buy. Visit MachineƟ to search our impressive selection of used John Deere equipment, then schedule some time with your John Deere dealer and ask about special pre-owned deals and incentives. Special Ɵnancing also available through John Deere Financial. New or new-to-you, Nothing Runs Like a Deere.™ *Activation/subscription required. Some additional accessories and/or components may be required. See dealer for details.

30 BRED YEARLING HEIFERS, Red & Black Angus X, exposed July 1st to Aug 15th to easy calving Angus bulls, $1,500 each. Phone (204)278-3372, (204)485-1490. 500 BRED HEIFERS, REDS, Blacks & Tans, start calving April 5th, 2014. Had all shots, preg checked, Ivomec, pelvic measured, weigh approx 1100-lbs. (204)325-2416, Darlingford.

57240-3MCO_8.125x10.indd 1

10/29/13 7:37 AM


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

save! Renew early and

LIVESTOCK Cattle Various


30 QUIET EXCEPTIONAL RED Angus Simm X & RA Char X cows bred Simm & Limo to start calving Mar 15th. All cows home raised from closed herd & can be age verified. Weaned calves still on farm for viewing. Call (204)871-1588, anytime.

ORGANIC Organic – Grains

BRED HEIFERS 20 RED & 73 Black Angus & Angus cross bred heifers, full health program, bred to proven easy calving bulls. Exposed 60 days maximum, starting June 14th. Choice $1500, all $1450. Cell (306)434-6980, Home (204)683-2208 St. Lazare, MB.

Bioriginal Food & Science Corp., based in Saskatoon, is actively buying Organic Flax from the 2013 crop year. If interested, please send an 8lb sample* to the following address: Attn: Sandy Jolicoeur Bioriginal Food & Science Corp. 102 Melville Street Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7J 0R1

FOR SALE: 60 RED & Black Angus cross young cows, $1185 each. Phone (204)937-4683, Roblin, MB. WANTED FOR CASH LEASE, 30-40 younger cows or bred heifers. Prefer Simmental or Gelbvieh cross, spring calvers, references available. Phone Roblin, (204)937-4923, (204)937-0889. CROSS HILL SIMMENTALS Consigned to Heartland Livestock, Brandon, MB. Thursday, January 30th 100+ Simmental cows, most 3-5 yrs of age. Bred Red factor Simmental & Fleckvieh Exposed May 11th, 2013 30+ Simmental heifers, bred Red Angus Exposed May 21st, 2013 For more information or on farm viewing contact Perry (204)585-5370 or Ryan (204)867-0335.

306-975-9251 306-975-1166



REAL ESTATE Farms & Ranches – Wanted

LIVESTOCK Swine Wanted

Call, email or mail us today!



Your expiry date is located on your publication's mailing label.

WANTED: ALL CLASSES OF feeder cattle, yearlings & calves. Dealer Licence# 1353. Also wanted, light feed grains: wheat, barley & oats. Phone:(204)325-2416, Manitou. WANTED FOR CASH LEASE, 30-40 younger cows or bred heifers. Prefer Simmental or Gelbvieh cross, spring calvers, references available. Phone Roblin, (204)937-4923, (204)937-0889.


P. QUINTAINE & SON LTD. 728-7549 Licence No. 1123

GOOD QUALITY GRAIN & Cattle Farms wanted for Canadian & Overseas Clients. For a confidential meeting to discuss the possible sale of your farm or to talk about what is involved, telephone Gordon Gentles (204)761-0511 or Jim McLachlan (204)724-7753, Home Professional Realty Inc.

REQUIRE FARMS FOR LOCAL & European buyers grain land with or without bldgs, sheep farms, cattle ranches, suburban properties, or just open land, acreages, houses, cottages. Call Harold (204)253-7373 Delta R.E.


We come out to your farm and price cattle towards condition and quality we pay


For more information call: 204-694-8328 Scott Anderson: 204-782-6222 Mike Nernberg: 204-807-0747 Licence #1122

LIVESTOCK Sheep Wanted


LIVESTOCK/POULTRY/PETS Livestock Equipment 285 LUCKNOW MIXER WAGON complete w/scale, always shedded, well maintained, like new condition, $15,000. Phone (204)967-2157 ALTERNATIVE POWER BY SUNDOG SOLAR, portable/remote solar water pumping for winter/summer. Call for pricing on solar systems, wind generators, aeration. Carl Driedger, (204)556-2346 or (204)851-0145, Virden. KELLN SOLAR SUMMER/WINTER WATERING System, provides water in remote areas, improves water quality, increases pasture productivity, extends dugout life. St. Claude/Portage, 204-379-2763.

RECREATIONAL VEHICLES RECREATIONAL VEHICLES Snowmobiles FOR SALE: 1975 440 TNT Ski-doo engine & driveline okay; 1977 340 TNT RV Free Air Race engine for parts. Bill (204)567-3782.

We Buy Sheep, Lamb and Goats Direct On Farm

Canadian Subscribers

U.S. Subscribers

❑ 1 Year: $55.44* ❑ 2 Years $96.00*

❑ 1 Year: $150.00 (US Funds)

*Taxes included

For more information call: 204-694-8328 Mike Nernberg 204-807-0747 Licence #1122

Payment Enclosed ❑ Cheque

For more information, please contact Sandy at:

LIVESTOCK Cattle Wanted

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Sudoku 2 8 9 7 9 3 7 2 3 3 9 5 6 4

Last week's answer

3 8 9 2 5

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5 6 4 2 9 7 1 8 3

8 9 1 4 3 6 2 7 5

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6 1 8 3 7 2 4 5 9

Puzzle by

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8 2 4 7 6 Puzzle by

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

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Dell Seeds DeDeDell Seeds 967 Valetta St., London, ON, N6H 2Z7 967P:Valetta St., London, ON, N6H 2Z7 (519) 473-6175 F: (519) 473-2970 P: (519) 473-6175 F: (519) 473-2970 SEED/FEED MISCELLANEOUS Hay & Straw DAIRY BEEF & HORSE hay for sale in large squares, delivery available. Phone (204)827-2629 or (204)526-7139 FOR SALE: LARGE ROUND bales, Alfalfa/Timothy, seen some rain, priced to sell. Call (204)585-5370, Sandy Lake, MB.

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New 30.5L-32 16 ply, $2,195; 20.8-38 12 ply $795; 18.4-38 12 ply; $789; 24.5-32 14 ply, $1,749; 14.9-24 12 ply, $486; 16.9-28 12 ply $558, 18.4-26 10 ply, $890. Factory direct. More sizes available new and used. 1-800-667-4515.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


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Investigative report: Zilmax controversy sparked by cattle with missing hooves The grisly discovery of hoofless cattle led to the withdrawal of ‘vitamin Z’ and sparked a debate over whether the beef industry has ‘exceeded the biological limits of the cattle’ This is an edited version of a longer Reuters report. For the full version visit daily/lost-hooves-dead-cattle-beforemerck-halted-zilmax-sales By P.J. Huffstutter and Tom Polansek walla walla county, washington


he North American beef industry’s dependence on the muscle-building drug Zilmax began unravelling here, on a sweltering August day, in the dusty cattle pens outside a Tyson Foods slaughterhouse at Pasco in southeastern Washington state. As cattle trailers that had travelled up to four hours in 35 C heat began to unload, 15 heifers and steers hobbled down the ramps, barely able to walk. The reason: the animals had lost their hooves, according to USDA documents. All 15 were destroyed. Two more animals with missing hooves arrived the next day and were also destroyed. The animals’ feet were “basically coming apart,” said Keith Belk, a professor of animal science at Colorado State University, who has seen photos of the lame cattle. All 17 animals had a factor in common — all had been fed Zilmax. The day after the hoofless animals were euthanized on Aug. 6, Tyson told its feedlot customers it would stop accepting Zilmax-fed cattle. After a videotape of apparently lame Zilmaxfed animals, drug maker Merck temporarily suspended sales to the U.S. and Canada. But the company insists Zilmax is safe, citing 30 research studies since it was introduced in 2007. The company also reviewed the situation at Pasco. “Several third-party experts were brought in to evaluate the situation, review the data and identify potential causes for the hoof issue,” Merck said in a statement. “The findings from the investigation showed that the hoof loss was not due to the fact these animals had received Zilmax.” Merck declined to identify the names of the third-party investigators or provide more detail on the research findings.

Questions arise

Scientists say they have yet to determine whether Zilmax causes ailments so severe that cattle must be euthanized. One theory is that the federally approved feed additive may compound the effects of common feedlot nutritional disorders such as acidosis, which can affect animals that consume too much starch (primarily grain) or sugar in a short period of time. Heat and animal genetics may also be factors. Regardless, the episode at the Tyson plant is coming to light at a time of growing concern over the use of phar-

Tyson and Cargill say they will not accept Zilmax-fed cattle until Merck can provide a scientific vetting of the drug’s safety to animals.  file photo

maceuticals in food production — a concern which recently prompted the USDA to roll out new policies to phase out the use of antibiotics in livestock production. The cases of hoofless cattle also raise ethical questions about whether the drive to produce greater volumes of food, as cheaply as possible, is coming at the cost of animal welfare. Zilmax can add up to 33 pounds of marketable meat to a 1,300-pound steer, but as livestock researcher Temple Grandin noted, losing hooves would cause pain similar to having your toenails yanked off. “It would hurt a whole lot,” said Grandin, adding she has not witnessed any of the incidents of Zilmaxfed cattle with lost hooves. How e v e r, f e d e r a l l a w requires Merck to report all animal deaths, and any other adverse reactions, in connection with use of its products. A review of those reports shows at least 285 U.S. cattle have died unexpectedly or been destroyed since 2007 after being fed Zilmax. And at least 75 animals lost hooves and were euthanized over the past two years after being fed the additive.

Preparing for a return

Some veterinarians and animal experts say there is no proof Zilmax was the chief cause of any cattle deaths. “My assessment is that I do not see data supporting the concerns today, at least the data that I have reviewed and been aware of,” said University of Nebraska-Lincoln animal science professor, Galen Erickson. But some previously staunch sup-

porters are beginning to question the product’s safety. “Maybe we found the point where we pushed the cattle just so hard in the sake of making a buck that we exceeded the biological limits of the cattle,” said Abe Turgeon, a prominent livestock nutritionist who had previously recommended Zilmax to some customers. Merck plans to reintroduce Zilmax at some point, but hasn’t said when. However, sources say the company has been approaching cattle nutritionists, livestock academics and other professionals who influence opinion in an effort to gain industry insight and win support for the return of the drug. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said it “has not reached any conclusions on the safety of Zilmax but the agency is continuing to receive and evaluate data.”

Profit on the plate

Zilmax, one in a class of drugs known as beta-agonists, racked up $160 million in Canadian and U.S. sales in 2012 after becoming a go-to solution for the financially stressed feedlot sector. It was so popular, it was dubbed ‘vitamin Z.’ It’s also helped offset a decline in cattle numbers. Last month, beef cattle walking into a U.S. packing plant averaged a record 1,346 pounds — up more than 20 per cent in the last two decades. Tyson and rival beef processor Cargill say they will not accept Zilmax-fed cattle until Merck can provide a scientific

vetting of the drug’s safety to animals. Both companies, too, have cited concerns about China and other nations that have barred meat produced from Zilmax-fed cattle. And lameness is just one issue with the additive. FDA records chronicle incidents of Zilmaxfed cattle experiencing stomach ulcers, brain lesions and blindness while Merck also has reported animals showing signs of lethargy, bloody noses, respiratory problems, and heart failure. A Reuters review of USDA data found euthanizations of cattle have risen nearly 175 per cent since Zilmax came on the market. The government data does not, though, draw a link between Zilmax or any other possible factors and the increase in euthanized cattle at meatpacking plants. The number of euthanized cattle — from 1,600 to 2,300 annually — and the other reports of cattle dying is also quite small relative to the more than 30 million cattle slaughtered each year. Merck is now trying to win the industry back. At a closed-door session of an Academy of Veterinary Consultants conference in Denver on Dec. 5, some 300 cattle veterinarians sparred over Zilmax. During the debate, they broke into informal camps of “believers” who think Zilmax hurts cattle, and “disbelievers” who discount its negative effects, according to Larry Moczygemba, president of the academy. The debate ended without any conclusions being reached. “Few, if any, think this is just a betaagonist problem all on its own,” Moczygemba said. “But our role as vets puts animal well-being first.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



CP to sell South Dakota track to short line

These horses along Highway 5 near Riding Mountain appeared to be enjoying the sun, even when it was -30 last week.


STAFF / More than 1,000 km of Canadian Pacific Railway (CP) track, used mainly to haul grain across South Dakota, are set to be sold as the company streamlines its U.S. operations. CP on Jan. 2 announced a deal to sell the western portion of its Dakota, Minnesota + Eastern (DM+E) line to Connecticut-based short line operator Genesee + Wyoming Inc. (G+W ) for $210 million (all figures US$). G+W, whose international holdings include eight short lines in Eastern Canada, plans to operate the line as the Rapid City, Pierre + Eastern Railroad, pending approval from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board and other closing conditions being met. Calgary-based CP, which bought the DM+E railroad for $1.48 billion in 2008, will still own and operate just over 3,000 km of DM+E track in the U.S. once the deal closes, now expected by mid-2014. CP said the deal follows a “comprehensive strategic review process” it launched in late 2012, and describes the sale as part of its “ongoing transformation to make its network stronger for its entire customer base.”

Cargill announces ethanol plant in Germany

We want to hear from you! The challenge - should you choose to accept it - tell us how you and your family look after the environment on your farm. From recycling ag packaging, oils, lubes, tires, and batteries to returning obsolete pesticides and livestock medications for safe disposal - we want to whear your story… and the more innovative, the better!

Calling all family-operated commercial farms

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Manitoba Farmers - Keeping It Clean. This is a great opportunity to get together and brainstorm as a family. Identify what your farm does to reduce, reuse, and recycle for your chance to win great family prizes. Our panel of judges will determine finalists from which a Grand Prize winner will be selected.

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HAMBURG / REUTERS U.S. agribusiness giant Cargill said Dec. 17 it will build a 60-millioneuro ($82.5-million) ethanol production plant in Germany that will use wheat as a feedstock. The plant will produce 50,000 cubic metres of ethanol per year destined for the German and European beverage, cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries, the company said. It is expected to be operational by autumn 2015. The new plant at Barby in Saxony Anhalt will be built alongside Cargill’s existing wheat-processing plant on the site. The plant will produce ethanol using feedstock from the adjacent wheat facility, using primarily locally grown wheat. Cargill has an existing European network of ethanol plants in Manchester in the United Kingdom, Sas van Gent and Bergen op Zoom in the Netherlands and Wroclaw in Poland.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

UN declares 2014 International Year of Family Farming Proclamation aims to put family farming higher on policy agendas CO-OPERATOR STAFF


he Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations has declared 2014 as International Year of Family Farming. The declaration aims to “help reposition family farming at the centre of agricultural, environmental and social policies in the national agendas,” an FAO news release said. The declaration aims to b ro a d e n d i s c u s s i o n a n d co-operation at all levels to “increase awareness and understanding of the challenges faced by smallholders and help iden-

Virus hits more in the Middle East LONDON / REUTERS


nother five people in Saudi Arabia and one in the United Arab Emirates have become infected with the potentially deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus, the World Health Organization said last week. The new infections, including one fatal case in a 73-yearold Saudi man and three in Saudi health workers who showed no adverse symptoms, bring the total confirmed cases of the respiratory disease to 176, of which 74 have died, the United Nations health agency said. MERS emerged in the Middle East in 2012 and is from the same family as the SARS virus. It can cause coughing, fever and pneumonia. Although the worldwide number of MERS infections is fairly small, the more than 40 per cent death rate among confirmed cases and the spread of the virus beyond the Middle East is keeping scientists and public health officials on alert. Cases have been reported in Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Jordan, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Tunisia as well as in several countries in Europe, and scientists are increasingly focused on a link between the human infections and camels as a possible “animal reservoir” of the virus. In a disease outbreak update, the WHO said the new confirmed case of MERS in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was in a 59-yearold woman, the wife of a man previously confirmed as being infected. Although she has no adverse symptoms, she is in hospital in isolation, it said. Dutch and Qatari scientists published research last month that proved for the first time that MERS can also infect camels — strengthening suspicions that these animals, often used in the region for meat, milk, transport and racing, may be a source of the human outbreak.

tify efficient ways to support family farmers.” The FAO says family farming is the predominant form of agriculture in both developing and developed countries and has key socio-economic, environmental and cultural roles. It preserves traditional food products while contributing to a balanced diet and safeguarding agro-biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources, while boosting local economies and the well-being of communities. Family farms also help to strengthen food security, and are key players in managing natural resources and protecting the environment, the FAO says.

Family farming’s contributions were highlighted during a dialogue in Brussels in midDecember when about 100 participants from 27 countries across Europe and Central Asia discussed the common challenges faced by the world’s farm families. These include succession planning and enticing young people to farm, lack of market access, land, water and credit, as well as access to research and innovation, and training and education. The need to better integrate family farmers into the food chain also resonated strongly during the debates, the FAO release said.

That gathering is the beginning of a series of meetings in the upcoming months. Outcomes will be presented at the IYFF Global Dialogue in Rome later this year. Several countries have formed national committees around the declaration, including a U.S. executive committee made up of organizations including the Alliance to End Hunger, American Farmland Trust, the Consumer Federation of America, the National Cooperative Business Association and U.S. National Farmers Union. Other UN proclamations ahead include International Year of Soils in 2015 to raise

global awareness about sustainable soil management and its essential ecosystem functions. Pulses will capture global attention in 2016 with the UN General Assembly declaring that year International Year of Pulses. A series of national committees are being established around the world by CICILS/International Pulse Trade and Industries Confederation members to work with their governments, farmers, NGOs, retailers, food manufacturers, health and science organizations and UN bodies to mark 2016.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Increased sales, visibility from Buy Manitoba campaign Product sales up 2.4 per cent for a value of $1.5 million By Lorraine Stevenson CO-OPERATOR STAFF


public awareness campaign that helps identify foods and beverages grown and processed here has significantly boosted sales of made-in-Manitoba products. Sales of products included in the Buy Manitoba campaign grew over 2.4 per cent between May 1, 2012 and April 30, 2013. Total product sales among participating Manitoba companies increased by approximately $1.5 million. That’s actual cash register sales, not an estimate, and it represents a significant increase, said Dave Shambrock, executive director of the Manitoba Food Processors Associa-

Foods or beverages that qualify for the Buy Manitoba campaign must have 85 per cent or more of their main ingredient sourced in Manitoba, and all processing and packaging must be done here.

tion (MFPA), which administers the campaign. “In the grocery industry a one per cent increase

in sales is huge. So that’s staggering.” The Buy Manitoba campaign

was launched in the spring of 2012 and is jointly funded by the province and industry. Foods or beverages that qualify for the Buy Manitoba campaign must have 85 per cent or more of their main ingredient sourced in Manitoba, and all processing and packaging must be done here. Currently 81 Manitoba food producers and processors are registered as participants. Safeway, the program’s official retail launch partner, has Buy Manitoba signs and shelf markers throughout its 33 Manitoba stores. Vita Health Stores also participate in the Buy Manitoba program, as do a growing number of independent retailers. The program has had the extra benefit of showing consumers what foods and bever-

ages are Manitoba made, John Graham, Safeway public affairs director said at a news release. “Manitoba companies, both smaller vendors and nationally known, are directly benefiting from this added profile as customers are showing their support for local options,” he said. Shambrock said in addition to these increased sales, that was a hoped-for outcome of the campaign. “It’s really raised the visibility of the breadth and the diversity of food that’s grown and processed in Manitoba.” The Buy Manitoba campaign has also made some inroads with food service in Manitoba. Shambrock says there’s a whole lot more they hope to see happening with that in future.

4-H triples food donation goal


Food drive was part of 4-H centennial year


-H Canada says that its members donated 75,675 pounds of food to local food banks in 2013, which far surpassed the goal of 26,000 pounds, or one pound for each Canadian 4-H member. They nearly tripled their original goal by raising cash, collecting cans and even harvesting nine acres of soybeans. “Our 4-H youths have a strong tradition of giving back to their communities and they understand the need to share food with those who need it most,” said Shannon Benner, CEO of 4-H Canada. “It’s a t re m e n d o u s accomplishment of 4-H members working together to raise thousands of pounds of essential food for food banks and in turn assisting Canadians in need,” said Katharine Schmidt, executive director of Food Banks Canada. 4-H Canada said it had tremendous support throughout its centennial year with a variety of events, such as the national food drive.

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1/2/14 2:54 PM


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


From the Ottoman Empire to Killarney, Manitoba Local farmer recalls how his father survived the Armenian genocide and made a good life in Canada By Daniel Winters co-operator staff / killarney


or Australians and New Zealanders, April 25, 1915 is Anzac Day. Almost everyone is familiar with the 1981 film “Gallipoli,” which starred Mel Gibson as a soldier in the ill-fated attempt by the French and British to take Constantinople, now Istanbul, via a sea-based invasion during the early days of the First World War. But the events of the day before, are much less well known, except to members of the Armenian disapora, who mark it as the start of the “Great Crime.” Historians pinpoint April 24, 1915, as the beginning of the Armenian genocide. The government of the crumbling Ottoman Empire, which later became modern-day Turkey, arrested and executed 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople — a move that later sparked the wholesale extermination and expulsion of the country’s restive Christian minorities, including two million Armenians. Enraged by the mass expulsions of Muslim refugees from European countries in the Balkan wars that started in 1912 as a prelude to the Great War, Wikipedia states that the “Young Turks” embarked on a systematic campaign of revenge and property confiscation that led to the deaths of as many as 1.5 million Armenians. Men of military age were killed i m m e d i a t e l y, w h i l e t h e e l d e r l y, women and small children were marched off into the Syrian desert where most of them died. The significance of the recently announced partnership between the Canadian Museum of Human Rights and the Armenian Genocide Museum Institute of the National Academy of Sciences may be lost on some, but not to Dave Garabed, a retired farmer who now lives on the shore of Killarney Lake. He and his brother Jack are familiar with some of the details of what many historians now call the first genocide of the modern era because their father, Harry, survived it by escaping to Canada. Harr y Garabed, bor n Garabed Hartounian in 1906, was living in Kayseri, a small town in what is now northeastern Turkey. When the genocide started, he was about 10 years old. “He watched them hang his father, right out in the street,” said Dave. His mother and six siblings were taken away on a death march that may have taken them to Egypt — if they survived. Apparently, the Turkish authorities spared Harry’s life because they hoped to convert him to Islam. He was taken to an orphanage in Istanbul, where he was beaten, forcibly circumcised and held under

Dave Garabed holds a copy of the Winnipeg Evening Tribune from Aug. 8, 1923 that contains a short report of three Armenian youths brought to Canada by the Salvation Army. One of them was his father, Harry. Photo: Daniel Winters

appalling conditions until he escaped into the countryside. Dave said that his father, who passed away about 15 years ago, coped with his traumatic experiences the old-fashioned way. “If you got a few drinks into Dad, he would tell stories, but he didn’t talk about it much,” said Dave. “I remember him telling me a story of how they got cheese that was all full of maggots, so they found a piece of tin and put it in the sun to cook the maggots out,” said Dave. After about six years, some of it spent in the orphanage and on the run, he was rescued by the Salvation Army and brought first to Greece, then Britain, and then Canada. From Montreal, he was taken by train to Winnipeg. An Aug. 8, 1923 stor y discovered in the archives of the Winnipeg Evening Tribune, described Harry and two other Armenian boys as “thickset, strongly built lads” ready for work after partaking in a two-month Salvation Army farm training course in Britain. “They took very readily to the work and are at present keen to settle down,” it added. Even though his father spoke no English, the local farmers were happy to have him help out, and his first job was stooking sheaves at harvest time. The two other boys headed back east to rejoin the growing Armenian community there, but Harry stayed with

a local family for a few years. He later bought a seed-cleaning outfit, and then got into trucking before finally buying a farm in the Ninette area. He served in the Second World War as a medic and cook, and later got involved in local politics as a councillor and reeve for the RM of Riverside. Dave said that his father was grateful to Canada and the local community for accepting him as one of their own, but he was especially careful to remember the Salvation Army’s role in rescuing him. “He’d never walk past a Salvation Army box without dropping something in it,” said Dave.

Jack and Dave attended the Armenian genocide partnership announcement at the CMHR in Winnipeg earlier this fall. As a practical farmer, he questions the elaborate structure’s $351-million cost, but not its value for teaching future generations the most important lessons of history. “I think it’s worth having a museum, because if we don’t tell our kids about it, they’re never going to know what happened,” said Dave. “I think Dad would be proud that Canadians have at least recognized the genocide.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



Send your recipes or recipe request to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap Box 1794, Carman, Man. ROG OJO or email:

Dial-A-Dietitian Lorraine Stevenson Crossroads Recipe Swap


any of us try to diet this time of year, and some are successful. The weight drops off, and we develop healthier eating habits. Others go at it all wrong and accomplish nothing. Here’s some advice from a dietitian to be among the former. Before starting any weight loss program, ask lots of questions about it. Does it promote a nutritionally balanced diet including all four food groups from Canada’s Food Guide? Does it encourage regular physical activity? Will it support keeping the weight off after it’s lost? Is is suited to your lifestyle and your family, and will you enjoy being on it, or will it be an endurance test? Dietitians warn us to watch out for “red flags” or the too-good-to-be-true claims of weight loss programs too. These include promises of rapid weight loss (more than two lbs. a week), or recommendations for a very low-calorie diet (800 calories or less a day), or sales reps urging you to buy products. Beware the so-called weight loss counsellor who is really a salesperson earning commissions for stuff they’re selling. Is changing your eating habits and being healthier a 2014 resolution? Why not get off to a better-informed start by contacting a dietitian directly? It’s easier than you think. In Manitoba you can call Dial-A-Dietitian, a free-of-charge provincial call centre operated by Dietitians of Canada. I gave them a call last week and the phone was answered promptly. So were my questions, which included, what do they do? They answer questions about food, nutrition and healthy eating. They can help you find a dietitian in your local area too. To reach Dial-A-Dietitian call toll free 1-877830-2892 (or 204-788-8248 in Winnipeg), Monday to Friday 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. central time (CT). In early January we typically look for hearty, healthy fare that’s filling, but neither fancy nor fussy. Here’s a few recipes that seem just right for starting off the new year on the lighter side.

Favourite Turkey Loaf

Parsnip Fritters

1 tsp. vegetable oil 3 cloves garlic, minced 2 tbsp. chopped ginger root or 2 tsp. dried 6 green onions, finely chopped 1 tsp. hot pepper sauce 2 lbs. ground turkey 1 c. fresh bread crumbs 2 eggs, beaten 3 tbsp. chopped fresh parsley 2 tbsp. soy sauce 1 tbsp. Dijon mustard 1 tsp. salt

1/2 c. flour 2 tsp. baking powder 1 tsp. salt 1/2 tsp. pepper 1 egg 2/3 c. milk 1 tbsp. butter or margarine, melted 1-1/2 lb. parsnips cooked and finely chopped Oil for frying

Topping: 2 tbsp. dried bread crumbs 2 tsp. chopped fresh parsley

In a skillet, heat oil over medium-low heat; cook garlic, ginger, onions, and hot pepper sauce for about 3 minutes or until softened but not browned. Let cool. In a bowl, mix together turkey, bread crumbs, eggs, parsley, soy sauce, mustard and salt; add garlic mixture; mix well. Pat into foilor parchment paper-lined 9x5-inch loaf pan. Combine bread crumbs and parsley; mix well and sprinkle over loaf. Cover with foil and back in 350 F oven for 1-1/2 to 2 hours. Let stand for 10 minutes before slicing. Drain off any fat. Serves 8. Prep time: 7 - 10 minutes. Cooking time: 1.5 - 2 hours. Source: Turkey Farmers of Ontario (

Barley And Lentil Salad With Kale, Apples, Almonds And Feta 1/2 c. dry green lentils 1/2 c. pearl or pot barley 1 garlic clove, finely grated or crushed (optional) 2-3 c. finely chopped kale or spinach, tough stems discarded 1 tart apple, cored and diced 1/2 c. crumbled feta 1/4 c. finely chopped purple onion 1/3 c. canola oil 2 tbsp. lemon juice 2 tbsp. white wine or rice vinegar 2 tsp. grainy mustard 1 tsp. honey or sugar 1/3 c. chopped toasted almonds Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste

In a large saucepan of boiling water, cook the lentils and barley, along with a clove of garlic (optional), for 20 minutes, or until tender. Drain well, discarding the garlic, and set aside to cool completely. Once the lentils and barley are cool, add the kale, apple, feta, and purple onion. To make the dressing, whisk remaining (except almonds) ingredients together in a small bowl or shake them all up in a jar. Pour over the salad and toss to combine. Top with almonds just before serving. Serves 6. Source: Canadian Lentils ( PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

In a large bowl; mix flour, baking powder, salt and pepper. In a small bowl; beat egg; add milk and butter. Stir egg mixture into dry ingredients. Stir in cooked parsnips and mix well. Heat oil in a frying pan. Gently drop fritter mixture by large spoon into oil and brown on both sides. Serves: 4. Source: Peak of the Market (

Cream Barley With Tomatoes And Mushrooms 4 c. water 2 c. pot or pearl barley 2 tbsp. butter 2 cloves garlic, minced 1 medium onion, sliced 1/2 lb. fresh mushrooms, sliced 1 (398-ml) can diced tomatoes 1/3 c. pitted black olives, chopped 1 tsp. basil 1 c. sour cream 1/2 c. grated parmesan cheese 1 c. grated cheddar or mozzarella cheese 2 medium tomatoes, sliced 1/4 c. dry bread crumbs

In a large pot, bring 4 cups water to a boil. Stir in barley; reduce heat, cover and simmer for 40 minutes. Meanwhile, in a medium skillet over medium heat, melt butter; sauté garlic, onion and mushrooms until onion is soft and liquid has evaporated about five minutes. In a large bowl, combine cooked onion mixture with cooked barley, canned tomatoes, olives, basil, sour cream, parmesan cheese and half the cheddar or mozzarella cheese. Spoon into an eightcup casserole dish. Place sliced tomatoes around the edge of the dish. Sprinkle with remaining cheese and bread crumbs. Bake in a 350 F oven for 40 minutes or until browned. Serves 8. Source: Alberta Barley (

RECIPE SWAP If you have a recipe or a column suggestion please write to: Manitoba Co-operator Recipe Swap, Box 1794 Carman, Man. R0G 0J0 or email Lorraine Stevenson at:


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



hat was some kind of a party.” Rose Jackson took a long sip of coffee and then set her cup carefully on the table next to her plate of toast. Andrew nodded in agreement from across the table. “I’ve been to a lot of parties in my life,” he said, “but I don’t remember ever being to one before where people actually wore lampshades on their heads.” Rose took a bite of toast. “Me either,” she said. “Up until last night I thought people wearing lampshades was an urban myth.” “Apparently it’s not.” Andrew took a sip of his own coffee. “I believe at one point I counted no less than six people wearing some sort of shade on their heads.” “At least six,” Rose agreed. “I think it was more than that.” She paused. “Funny that wearing a lampshade on your head doesn’t make you look brighter.” “It really doesn’t.” Andrew set his coffee cup down. “I guess you know you threw a good party when you have to spend half the next day reassembling all your light fixtures.” “I don’t know what would have made it a better party. Maybe having it on a beach in Maui, so you wouldn’t have to brave -35 temperatures on your way home after,” said Rose. “Maybe,” said Andrew. “But where would you find lampshades on a beach in Maui?” “Good point,” said Rose. “But speaking of Maui,” Andrew continued, “I had another call yesterday from the captain.” Rose raised an eyebrow. “The captain?” “Yeah,” said Andrew. “My cellphone rings and when I answer it a foghorn blasts my eardrum and then this guy comes on saying, ‘This is your captain speaking and congratulations you are eligible to win a free cruise to the Bahamas. Just enter your credit card number on your keypad and you won’t believe the surprises that lie in store for you.” “Oh, that captain,” said Rose. “You know why he’s calling you now, right?” “No. Why?” said Andrew. “Because of how cold it is,” said Rose. “He watches the weather reports and when he sees an area where the temperature stays at -30 for a couple of weeks he figures people who live



there will have had enough of their brain cells frozen so that giving a stranger on the phone their credit card numbers will seem like a good idea to them.” “It seemed like a good idea to me,” said Andrew. “But I was sitting in front of the fireplace keeping warm, and getting up to look for my wallet seemed like a bad idea, so I didn’t bother.” “One of my resolutions for 2014 is to go on more frequent cruises to the Bahamas,” said Rose. “But my other resolution is to stop giving

my credit card number to random strangers on the phone. So my resolutions kind of conflict.” “You need conflict resolution to solve your resolution conflict,” said Andrew. “Exactly,” said Rose. There was a lull in the conversation while the two of them sipped coffee and sampled their toast. “So,” said Andrew at length, “2014. What do you think so far?” Rose pondered that for a moment. “I hoped it would be warmer outside,” she said. “But it’s warm enough inside and I’m sitting and drinking coffee with my husband in a house that has no kids in it, so I’d have to say so far, so good.” “Speaking of children,” said Andrew, “where is Jennifer?” “She stayed over at Kendra’s,” said Rose. “You knew that.” “I did,” said Andrew. “But sometimes the things I knew yesterday are no longer true today.” “I’m pretty sure that one is,” said Rose. “I texted her at midnight to say Happy New Year and she texted back a smiley face and a heart and a picture of herself and Kendra, all grown up, in their Sailor Moon pyjamas, drinking champagne.” Andrew laughed. “There’s a picture she wouldn’t have sent a year ago,” he said. “No kidding,” said Rose. “A year ago they would have put the champagne glasses down out of sight before they took the picture.” Andrew nodded. “And now she’s all grown up. Mostly.” “By the end of 2014,” said Rose, “we are truly going to be empty nesters.” Andrew looked at her for a moment. “And how do you feel about that?” he said. Rose took a sip of her coffee. “Happy,” she said. “And sad,” she added. “But mostly happy.” Andrew smiled. “Big changes coming this year,” he said. “It’s going to be an adventure.” “Just like every other year,” said Rose. Andrew raised his cup. “There’s no one I’d rather share the adventure with than you,” he said. Rose raised her cup. “I’ll drink to that,“ she said. “Happy New Year to us.”

QUARTS OF HERBS Here’s an interesting way to grow and display By Albert Parsons FREELANCE CONTRIBUTOR


indowsill herb gardens are not new. The idea is to grow them in front of sunny windows during the winter to provide fresh herbs for kitchen use. A novel way to grow them is in quart sealers. Not only will you have access to fresh herbs, but you will have an instant conversation piece right in your kitchen! Using sealers is not that different from using any other container. The only thing to remember is that the jars do not have drainage holes so water with care. To provide adequate drainage, put some gravel, broken crockery or pebbles in the bottom of each jar. Remembering that the jars are transparent and that everything in them will be clearly visible, it makes sense to use something that is attractive — perhaps polished stones. Try to choose interesting vintage sealers. Among others, I chose a square one with ATLAS MASON imprinted on the glass and one with IMPROVED MASON, MADE IN CANADA on it. Put soilless mix on top of the drainage material. Again, make it as visually appealing as possible by removing any large sticks or clumpy pieces of peat. If you really want to get artistic, you might make a paper tube slightly smaller than the diameter of the jar and slip it in so that there is a small space all around between it and the jar. Pour sand in around the outside of the tube — you may have to pry the tube over a bit to do this before you fill the tube with soilless mix. You could also use layers of coloured sand. Slowly and carefully, remove the paper tube. No soil should be visible.

I used a large-grained, gold-coloured sand especially made for horticultural purposes. If you are using transplants, leave the paper tube in place so that soil will not reach the outside of the jar until planting is done — although you may have to shorten it to facilitate planting. If you are using seeds, then remove the tube before seeding. You might like to ensure that the sand comes fully to the top of the soil and in fact, you might like to put a thin covering of sand on the soil surface after planting is finished. The soil need not come right to the top of the jar; it will add a certain charm to the creation if the lower part of the herb plants are inside the jar — sort of like a terrarium. Use a separate sealer for each kind of herb and use lots of plants in each jar as they will have lots of elbow room after they burst forth from the tops of the jars. For fastgrowing herbs like basil, dill and cilantro, use seeds; for slower-growing herbs such as parsley and oregano, use transplants. Water the soil carefully, without dislodging the sand or soil, until it is thoroughly moist. Place the jar(s) on a sunny windowsill (this location might be too cool for herbs on cold winter nights) or on a table in front of a sunny window and watch them grow. Fertilize and water as you would with plants growing in ordinary pots. If you want to avoid having to fertilize, add a slow-release fertilizer to the soilless mix before you put it into the jar. A small ceramic frog placed on the soil surface near the glass might add a bit of whimsy to your quart sealers of herbs. Line your herb sealers up on the windowsill and watch them grow. Albert Parsons writes from Minnedosa, Manitoba

Stones are used at the bottom for drainage and sand is put around the outside of a paper tube. After the soilless mix is added, the herbs are planted. PHOTO: ALBERT PARSONS


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Reena answers your questions Plus, here’s more handy tips Reena Nerbas Household Solutions Hello Reena!

I really enjoy your column. I have wanted to ask you this question for a long time. I have some favourite baking sheets and muffin pans. They are shiny aluminum, but they tend to become brown, and have developed a sticky coating over the years. Because they are my favourites, I would really like to clean them and make them shiny again. Is there any way to do that? Thanks for your help. – Carol

Hi Carol,

You can clean your baking sheets by using a combination of baking soda and dish soap or Bar Keepers Friend. Scrub with an abrasive cloth. If the shiny finish is gone, you will likely not bring it back. In the restaurant business people use steel wool to scrub non-coated aluminum baking sheets. Some people have had great results by cleaning sheets with oven cleaner in a ventilated area (test on an inconspicuous area first). To make cleaning easier (in the future), line pans with parchment paper before baking or spray pans with nonstick coating or grease pans with oil or purchase a silicone sheet.

Dear Reena,

We are looking forward to hearing you speak at our upcoming women’s

retreat. In the meantime, my husband and I need to settle an argument. How often should I replace my fire extinguisher? – Sarah

Dear Reena,

Great question Sarah!

Hi Doug,

You only need to replace a fire extinguisher if it needs replacing. With that said, fire extinguishers should be maintained at least once a year or when specifically indicated by an inspection. This is intended to give maximum assurance that an extinguisher will operate effectively and safely. It includes a thorough examination and any necessary repair, recharging or replacement. If the extinguisher is damaged or needs recharging, replace it immediately!

Dear Reena,

I am having a dinner party and would like to make cheesecake for dessert. Can you tell me if I can quadruple my cheesecake recipe and bake the cake in a large rectangle pan? Love your books! – Brittany

Dear Brittany,

Not a good idea. The cheesecake will brown on the sides and the centre will remain underbaked. You are better off using a round springform pan and baking several cakes (one at a time). Here is another cheesecake tip: After baking cheesecakes, partially freeze them. Doing this will make cutting easier and you will end up with professional-looking slices.

I have a question: What can I use to clean billiard balls? Any help would be great. P.S. I love your website. – Thank you, Doug Some people have had great results by putting billiard balls into the dishwasher. However, due to the bleach in dishwasher detergent, this seems a little risky. All you really need is dish soap and water. Rinse and wipe dry. You can also use window cleaner to get them clean. Or purchase professional cleaners which will cost about $50 per bottle. Yikes!

Fabulous Tips of the Week:

• After frying or baking bacon: Place a few pieces of bread inside a pan; lay the bacon onto the bread. Doing this will absorb the bacon grease. Discard bread. • Speaking of bread: Save bread ends to make your own croutons (or bread crumbs). Brush both sides of bread with melted butter (or olive oil), sprinkle on garlic, Parmesan cheese and parsley. Cut bread into cubes. Arrange the pieces on a parchment paper-lined baking sheet. Bake at 350 F for 15 minutes. • Poke holes in homemade pizza dough crusts before baking. You will have crispier crusts. • Bake rice in the oven. It takes longer but you will not end up with half of the rice sticking to the bottom of your pan as long as you grease the pan before adding rice.

Fresh-squeezed facts about juice

A fire extinguisher should be inspected and maintained at least once a year. PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

I enjoy your questions and tips, keep them coming. Missed a column? Can’t remember a solution? Need a speaker for an upcoming event? Check out my videos/blog/website:

Reader’s Photo

Enjoy in moderation and read those labels By Julie Garden-Robinson NDSU EXTENSION SERVICE


electing “real juice” at the grocery store requires label reading. While many fruit-flavoured concoctions are available, many of the products are flavoured, artificially coloured, sweetened water. Fruit-flavoured beverages have a variety of names. Some are called “cocktails” or “punch” or “fruit drinks.” Some might contain “real juice” but only at a low level, such as five or 10 per cent. Many juice products are fortified with vitamin C. Citrus juices, such as orange or grapefruit, are among the few types that contain this essential vitamin naturally. If you look more closely at the labels of some fruit-flavoured beverages, you may find that vitamin C is the only nutrient present in significant amounts. Excess calories from beverages, even healthful ones, can promote weight gain. For example, 3/4 cup of grape juice has about 115 calories, while 3/4 cup of orange juice has about 90 calories. If you have children or grandchildren, you might be especially interested in the American Academy of

Be sure to read labels to make sure you are getting real fruit juice and not a fruit-flavoured beverage. PHOTO: THINKSTOCK

Pediatrics’ recommendations that parents or caregivers should limit the juice intake of children from ages six months to six years to 1/2 to 3/4 cup per day (four to six ounces). Children from age seven to 18 years should drink a maximum of one to 1-1/2 cups of 100 per cent juice per day. Too much juice can promote weight gain, tooth decay and stomach cramps, especially in young children. This professional medical group promotes eating more whole fruit than drinking juice. You can dilute the calories in frozen concentrated juice products by adding extra water when you prepare them. Think about safety when buying juice, too. You might find unpasteurized juice available in the refrigerated sec-

tions of grocery stores, or during the summer months, at farmers’ markets. All unpasteurized juice products sold in grocery stores are required to carry warning labels stating that the product might contain harmful bacteria that could cause serious illness in children, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems. Enjoy juice in moderation. To boost your nutrition intake, opt for whole fruit more often and you might save some calories and satisfy your appetite in the process. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 3/4 cup of whole grapes has 78 calories and a medium orange has 69 calories. Instead of drinking your fruit, try having a peach or a wedge of watermelon. Fresh peaches are 89 per cent water and watermelon is 91 per cent water by weight. You will feel fuller from eating fibre-rich fruit than from consuming the calories in liquid form. Julie Garden-Robinson, PhD, R.D., L.R.D., is a North Dakota State University Extension Service food and nutrition specialist and professor in the department of health, nutrition and exercise sciences.

Sun dog in the Erickson, Manitoba area. PHOTO: CINDY MURRAY

Welcome to Country Crossroads If you have any stories, ideas, photos or a comment on what you’d like to see on these pages, send it to: Country Crossroads, 1666 Dublin Ave., Winnipeg, Man. R3H 0H1 Phone 1-800-782-0794 Fax 204-944-5562 Email I’d love to hear from you. Please remember we can no longer return material, articles, poems or pictures.

– Sue


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

MANITOBA AG DAYS b r a n d o n k e y s t o n e c e n t r e — J a n ua r y 21, 2 2 a n d 2 3 , 2 014

Farmer inventions showcased at Manitoba Ag Days

Along with new products from ag companies, the popular Inventor’s Showcase also features farmer-created innovations ranging from a mud scraper to a PTO-driven water pump By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor


a n t t o k n ow w h a t innovative farmers have been cooking up in their shops? Then the Inventor’s Showcase at Ag Days is a must-see. It’s also a chance to see new inventions from ag companies, including some that have never been seen in public before. “There’s quite a number of new products this year that companies have brought out and are revealing them for the first time at Ag Days,” says Blake Nestibo, the show’s co-chair. On t h e t e c h n o l o g y s i d e there’s a web-based agronomic program for Western Canada from AgChemExpert Ltd., which helps producers find the chemicals they need to manage weeds, diseases, and insects in different crop types. Farm at Hand will be displaying its multi-platform, cloud-based farm management program software and free app that allows farmers to track and access their management records (such as field and equipment lists, commodities in storage, commodity contracts and deliveries) at any time anywhere. Also on the web is, an online, real-time, cash physical grain-marketing tool connecting growers and buyers. What farmer doesn’t like new inventions that help him get more out of his farm machinery? Leading Edge Industries is showing its Load Judge monitoring system which uses proximity sensors to help load grain trailers and estimate bushel and load sizes, with the data transmitted to the farmer’s smartphone. New seeding technology from Clean Seed Agricultural Technologies is the CX6 Trident Smart Seeder drill with multiproduct variable-rate opener. It has six separate product delivery systems that can apply rates independently across the entire drill. This allows farmers to place exactly the right amount and blend of fertilizer and seed populations on every square foot of the field. Inventions to improve fertilizer and chemical applications include the Lump Buster, a machine manufactured by Rainy Day Fabricating of Assiniboia, Sask. that fits inside a custom-made hopper under the fertilizer bin and breaks up fertilizer lumps before they reach the auger. Farmers can always use some technology to make harvesting more efficient and easier, and Sunnybrook Welding will introduce its axial combine concave frame system that allows farmers to interchange several different bolt-in boxes to adapt the

Last year Mark Devloo’s (left) Roto Mud Scraper won the Inventor’s Showcase and he’s back this year with a slightly improved version. He’s received the award from Jim Affleck of the Manitoba Co-operator, which sponsors the award.  Photo: sandy black

threshing mechanism to whatever harvest conditions they are dealing with. “The Inventor’s Showcase at Ag Days is a great way to show farmers and other members of the agricultural community what new products can do for them,” says Jan Raupers of Cardale Tech Corp., one of the companies featured at the Inventor’s Showcase.

looking for something that will help them on their farms. “I’m always looking for something new and affordable that I can maybe make in my shop,” says Reimer, who doesn’t mind if others do the same thing. “I encourage people if they want to build one themselves to do it, but send me their ideas about what could make it better.”

Profiles for the Inventor’s Showcase

Last year Mark Devloo’s Roto Mud Scraper won the Inventor’s Showcase and he’s back this year with a slightly improved version. Devloo’s father originally developed the product because the family likes to seed as early as possible and so often has to deal with mud caking the equipment tires. After trying a number of stationary scrapers that didn’t work to his satisfaction, he designed a rotating scraper, which Mark then patented and started to build on the farm. The Roto Mud Scraper has carbon steel scrapers which are offset from the tire and begin to spin only when there is mud built up. Devloo has sold over 15,000 of his scrapers, but is looking forward to being back at Ag Days where it all began. “I always look forward to it because I farm, too, and it’s nice talking to farmers and knowing that you can help them out,” says Devloo. “We’re designing a goodquality product and the feedback from the farmers is awesome.”

One: The CB Highlift

Killarney-area farmers Barry Reimer and Clarence Sawatzky were sick of struggling to change the tires on their highclearance sprayer and dealing with jacks that didn’t provide enough stroke distance so they’d have to block up the tire with whatever was at hand. “We’d use railway ties and they’ve slipped out and scared us silly at times,” says Reimer. With safety and efficiency in mind, Reimer and Sawatzky designed and developed the CB Highlift high-clearance sprayer jack, which can support a 48- to 68-inch lift using a combination of steel pins, two teleposts and a hydraulic jack which are attached to a solid, two-foot square base. The adjustable jack can safely and continuously increase the jack height in steps from three to six inches at a time and has sturdy wheels to make it portable. Reimer says he has always headed to the Inventor’s Showcase himself to find ideas and is keen to help out other farmers

Two: Roto Mud Scraper

Three: V-Wing Ditcher

The V-Wing Ditcher was developed by Jeff Penner, a young

farmer from Swan River, who will be at the Inventor’s Showcase with Hi-Tec Industries of Portage la Prairie, the product’s manufacturer. The V-Wing Ditcher has a number of uses on the farm: It can dig profiled, flat-bottomed ditches that can be easily seeded to help prevent soil erosion and leaching; and also terrace land or just to move large amounts of soil around. Darin Hubscher of Hi-Tec Industries says the V-Wing has a ‘wow’ factor that he thinks will be a big hit at Ag Days. Farmers “like how strong the V-Wing is built and that they are able to shape their land in such a way that they can make the land more productive and control water flow,” he says.

Four: Bin-Sense System

Bi n - Se n s e ™ i s a w i re l e s s grain storage monitoring system developed by Kyle Folk, a former farmer and president of IntraGrain Technologies Inc. of Regina. Bin-Sense™ is battery and solar powered and connects temperature cables, remote units, and a master unit that monitors and collects information about grain temperature in the bins. The information is sent through the cellular network back to IntraGrain’s website, where the farmer can access it at any time from anywhere using a computer, smartphone or other mobile device. “Bin-Sense helps to eliminate losses incurred from grain spoilage while in storage,” says Folk.

It’s this type of product that draws farmers to the Inventor’s Showcase, he says. “The Inventor’s Showcase is a great place to exhibit because it has a track record of being the place producers look to for what’s new and available,” says Folk. “ The product’s exposure to quality producers at Ag Days and specifically in the Inventor’s Showcase is very high.”

Five: PTO-Driven Water Pump

O r i g i n a l l y f ro m G e r m a n y, farmer Henry Raupers had an original idea for a PTO-driven water pump that requires no priming. The family moved to Newdale, Man. in 1999 and over the past few years, the Raupers have been perfecting the product they will show for the first time at this year’s Ag Days. The pump is easy to set up and requires very little maintenance as it doesn’t require filters and won’t seize or burn out when it’s running dry, says Jan Raupers of Cardale Tech Corp., the family company which launched the product last spring. “Farmers hook the pump up with the hose supplied behind a tractor and can back it into any water source,” he says. “They can lower the pump further into the water using hydraulics if necessary. Then they just turn on the PTO and the pump will start moving the water with no need to constantly monitor the equipment.” The pump can also handle debris, ice, mud and plant matter without plugging, he says.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


BUYERS AND CONTRACTORS OF DRY EDIBLE BEANS, SUNFLOWERS AND MILLETS, BROWN AND GOLDEN FLAX. Manitoba Hydro will feature two of its recent farm-safety programs. The Agricultural Move Permit is designed to help farmers safely move large equipment under power lines while “Go Underground” offers farmers a financial incentive to bury the primary hydro line in their farmyard. PHOTO: SANDY BLACK

Winkler 204-325-9555 Plum Coule 204-829-2326 St Jean SAB plant 204-758-3595


Where: Curling Club Lounge, Brandon, MB When: Jan 23rd, 2014 , 2 sessions, 10am or 2pm In association with MAFRD, we will be hosting workshops covering everything you need to know to start growing hemp! Topics include:  HOCI Hemp Production Program  Licensing & Regulations  Field Inspections  Hemp Harvesting  Hemp Agrology Questions

Hemp Oil Canada is now seeking both

organic & conventional

producers in Manitoba for the 2014 growing season! For more info email:

Register today! Please contact:

Laura Telford,

Manitoba Agriculture, Food & Rural Development

E: 204-871-6600

Ag Days makes it easy to build a safer farm workplace This year’s Farm Safety Zone offers short safety awareness presentations, incentive programs and even a new app for improving workplace safety By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR


ake Time to Farm Safely is the theme of this year’s Farm Safety Zone at Manitoba Ag Days. S A F E Fa r m s , M a n i t o b a Hy d r o, M a n i t o b a Fa r m & Rural Support Services, Manitoba Farmers with Disabilities, and Prairie Mountain Health are among the Farm Safety Zone partners. Manitoba Hydro will feature two of its recent farm safety programs. The Agricultural Move Permit is designed to help farmers safely move large equipment under power lines while “Go Underground” offers farmers a financial incentive to bur y the pr imary hydro line in their farmyard.

“Safety can be a bit of a h a rd s e l l g e n e r a l l y,” s a y s Linda Carter, public safety and education co-ordinator for Manitoba Hydro. “A lot of people say it’s just common sense, which it is to a great degree, but everybody needs a reminder now and then. Ag Days is a perfect event because we benefit from the huge traffic flow and it’s a nice subtle way to remind them that they need to keep safety in mind.” Manitoba Hydro will also run a short farm safety video at its booth and producers who can answer a question related to the video can enter to win a prize. Ag Days attendees will get the chance to try out a new online tool that allows users to input their safe work pro-

Share your blessings. After such a great harvest, we remember our blessings. But not everyone in the world has enough to eat. Worldwide, over 800 million are hungry. You can help! You can share some of the blessing you received during harvest by donating a portion of your crop to Canadian Foodgrains Bank.

Canadian Foodgrains Bank A Christian Response to Hunger

You can make a donation through your local elevator, give online at foodgrainsbank. ca, or send a cheque to Box 767, Winnipeg, MB R3C 2L4.

Thanks for sharing your blessing! Canadian Foodgrains Bank is a partnership of 15 churches and church agencies working together to end global hunger.

cedures and access them from anywhere by downloading a free app from the safefarms. ca website to their mobile device. “I f a f a r m e r i s t r a i n i n g so me bo dy h e c an u se t he mobile device to bring up the safe work procedure and show them how to do a certain job on the farm properly,” says Mirja Cole of the Centre for E d u c a t i o n & Wo r k , w h i c h developed the online tool and app with funding from the Workers Compensation Board of Manitoba. T h e S A F E Fa r m s b o o t h will have lots of free safety resources, including a new Safety and Health Guide for Manitoba Farms. “A g Da y s p rov i d e s S A F E Farms with a great opportunity to talk to farmers about how to make their farms safer for themselves, family members, workers and visitors,” says Jeff Shaw, provincial farm safety co-ordinator. In association with Hepson Equipment and Prairie Mountain Health, SAFE Farms will also be running 15-minute tractor safety sessions (10:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. on both Jan. 21 and 22) to promote safety around tractors. Fortyfive per cent of all farm fatalities that occurred between 1990 and 2000 involved tractors, and the sessions will focus on preventing tractor runovers and rollovers. They will include topics such as blind spots, the dangers of extra riders, the importance of performing a walk-around (which alerts anyone close by that the machinery is about to move), and how to perform an operational check. The session will also show children how to safely approach t ra c t o r s a n d o t h e r e q u i p ment, and will suggest ways to offer safety training for all operators on the farm. Those attending can enter a draw for a new ATV helmet and other prizes.

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Ag Growth International (AGI) is a leading manufacturer of portable and stationary grain handling, storage and conditioning equipment. Batco Manufacturing (specialty crop belt conveyors), Wheatheart Manufacturing (grain handling and fencing equipment), Westfield Industries (portable grain augers), Grain Guard (grain drying and storage equipment), Twister (galvanized grain bins), HSI (material handling and temporary storage equipment) and Applegate Livestock Equipment (livestock equipment) are divisions of AGI. For more information on products, installations or solutions visit



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Manitoba AG DAYS January 21, 22 and 23, 2014 Brandon Keystone Centre 1 - 1175 - 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada Visit us online for more info

Come see us at Manitoba Ag Days


Booth #1905


in Ag Centre Showroom

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RR Hybrids • Canterra 1990 • Canterra 1970 • DKB 73-75 Clearfield Canolas • Brett Young 5525 • Brett Young 5535 Liberty Link • Invigor 5440 • Invigor L154 • Invigor L130 • Invigor L252 • Invigor L261

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LS002R 24N NEW! MCLEODS NEW! 004R21 GRAYS NEW! LS005 R24 NEW! LS006 R21

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• Professionally Engineered Come see us • CWB Certified (Canadian Welding Bureau) Westman Place TH 32004 DKB • 24-61 No NEW Paint, No Epoxy DKB 24-10

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at booth #1110 Concourse and our outside display tank on the south side of the grounds

Liquid Storage Tanks Patrick or Vicki Preteau or Glen Chubey PH: 204-347-5588 • F: 204-347-5890 Dufrost, MB




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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


MANITOBA AG DAYS January 21-23 • Brandon, Manitoba Brandon Keystone Centre • Booth 704 in the Canada Room











Register at and get your coupons today!

1 For commercial use only. Valid on qualifying purchases made January 21, 2014 through April 23, 2014 at participating Case IH dealerships in the 50 United States/D.C. and Canada on new equipment listed on coupon. See official coupon for details. Coupon cannot be duplicated, has no cash value and will not be replaced if lost, stolen or destroyed. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. Prior purchases are not eligible. Not valid without customer registration with Case IH for the 2014 Manitoba Ag Days show. 2 Register with Case IH for a chance to win a Case IH Scout Utility Vehicle valued at $9,008.00 (USD). NO PURCHASE NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN. A PURCHASE WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCE OF WINNING. Open to individuals 18 years of age or older at the time of registration who are legal residents of the 50 United States/D.C. or Canada (excluding New York, Florida and Quebec). Void where prohibited. Odds of winning depend on number of eligible entries received. Official rules available upon registration with Case IH for the 2014 Manitoba Ag Days show. 3 Promotional item giveaway available while supplies last. © 2014 CNH America LLC. All rights reserved. Case IH and CNH Capital are registered trademarks of CNH America LLC. Form # 75952 12/2013

E3877_CAP_CIH_Manitoba_Ad_FA.indd 1

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014 SEE US AT AGDAYS 2014 IN BARN 1 FEATURING:

Some of the Ag Days volunteers include (l to r) Ann Arthur, Kathy Birmingham, Pat Davis, John Klassen, Bev Klassen, Norm Brown, Tina Ure, Phyllis Knash and Rudy Knash. PHOTOS: SANDY BLACK




Ag Days volunteer board members. Front row: (l to r) Adrien Caillier, Andrea Guthrie, Roy Arnott, Rejean Picard, Stephanie Cruickshanks, Jonothon Roskos, Tom Tolton, Christine Roskos, Kristen Phillips. Back row: Dave Laudin, Ryan Boyd, Blake Nestibo, Greg Setter Eric McLean, Scott Perkin. Missing: Sharon Ardron, Dustin Phillips.




Behind the scenes at Ag Days Volunteers do everything from planning the show to helping more than 30,000 visitors find their way around the Keystone Centre By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR






t’s sometimes easy to forget that Manitoba Ag Days doesn’t just happen, but depends on a host of volunteers who work behind the scenes to bring the show together and make it run smoothly. Many come back year after year, says co-chair Blake Nestibo, who has been on the organizing committee for the past six years but knows of others who have been involved for 20 or more years. “It’s something that gets into your blood, and you want to see it grow and become better and better every year,” he says. “We strive for excellence in our show and without the dedication of the individuals involved that would never come to pass.” There are 13 members on the volunteer board and they cover different aspects of the show, such as program, media, logistics or finance. “Ever yone knows what needs to get done so with many hands it makes light

work for everyone,” says Ag Days co-manager Jonothon Roskos. “Without a doubt a large part of the show’s success is the dedication and enthusiasm of the board members to pitch in and get the job done.” In addition, a small, dedicated army of volunteers staff the entrances, information booths, show office, and main floor area to help the 30,000plus visitors to Ag Days find their way and answer their questions. “ We a re b a s i c a l l y t h e ambassadors for Manitoba Ag Days,” says volunteer co-ordinator Norman Brown. “Visitors can find the Keystone Centre quite overwhelming if they have never been there before. So we help them find the exhibitors they are looking for or point out the resources that are available to them.” That involves a certain amount of homework for the volunteers, who study the Ag Days program ahead of time to familiarize themselves with the exhibitors and their locations. “The biggest problem we

have is when companies change names,” says Brown. “Our challenge is to try and keep up because many people don’t know the new names and ask for the old ones. There are close to 500 exhibits so it’s hard to know them all, but doing it year after year really helps and a lot of them are located in the same location each year and that helps us too.” Brown, a retired school teacher, plans his holiday time around Ag Days and keeps coming back, like so many others, because being a volunteer at the show is rewarding and fun. “Last year I met a former student I hadn’t seen in 30 years,” he says. “I enjoy meeting people and the fact that they appreciate the guidance we give them is very satisfying.” “It’s a real honour to work with such a quality group of people,” says Nestibo. “I think most people who are involved in organizing and delivering Ag Days feel that this is a very special thing that we are privileged to be a part of.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

LOOKING FOR A GOOD VALUE? LOOK FOR DEUTZ-FAHR. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s no doubt about it, DEUTZ-FAHR is a brand that invests massively in technology. Its goal is always to supply you with state of the art but reliable agricultural vehicles that facilitate your work and maximize your productivity. Our tractors embody the perfect union between advanced technological solutions and style, with attractive, futuristic forms shaping every component of these superb machines.

Agrotron TTV 6 Series 137 to 193 HP TTV or Powershift Transmission

Agrotron TTV 7 Series 224 to 263 HP TTV Transmission

Agrofarm Series 85 to 109 HP

TTV or Powershift Transmission

Agrotron M Series 132 to 192 HP Powershift Transmission

Visit our website For more information, visit your nearest dealer now: ALBERTA Noble Equipment Ltd Nobleford (403) 824-3020

MANITOBA H&L Motors Glenboro (204) 827-2112

H&L Motors Steinbach (204) 326-6982

SASKATCHEWAN Tri Star Farm Service Ltd Regina (306) 586-1603

Agroton X Series 244 to 269 HP Powershift Transmission

To become a Deutz-Fahr dealer, please contact Yves Daoust: (450) 377-0956 |


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Manitoba AG DAYS January 21, 22 and 23, 2014 Brandon Keystone Centre 1 - 1175 - 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada Visit us online for more info


Built for your

Soil Productivity NEVER CLIMB A BIN AGAIN! Equip your auger to sense when the bin is full. Powered by the tractor or auger battery. The sensor and light are encased in a durable weather-proof sealed housing. Easily top up your bin with this sensor.

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Cow Cam system Cow Cam System can be viewed over a smart phone!

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Salford equipment is engineered to operate at high speeds and perform multiple applications to help you cover more acres, fast. Salford equipment is engineered to enhance soil structure and improve seedbeds providing a better start for your crops. Salford equipment can help you cut seeding rates through precise metering and preparing exceptional seedbeds.

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VISIT US AT AG DAYS BOOTH #117 MAIN ST AT THE KEYSTONE CENTRE Helping you farm Easier, Safer and More Profitable!


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Call your Salford dealer today, or visit Ontario, Canada • 1-866-442-1293

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Manitoba AG DAYS January 21, 22 and 23, 2014 Brandon Keystone Centre • 1 - 1175 - 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada Visit us online for more info


Snocrete® Snowblowers - Single Stage Design - 360º Spout Rotation - Bolt On Ice Chopper Bars - Automatic Chain Lubrication

- 72-120 Inch Cutting Width - Bolt On Cutting Edges and Skid Shoes - 100-375 HP

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ATTENTION CANADIAN CUSTOMERS Take advantage of the strong dollar and your u.s. buying power   

See us at Ag Days in the Arena!!  Booth # 1011/1012   

• We hold three regularly scheduled equipment & truck auctions in nearby Grand Forks, ND each year, in addition to numerous on-farm single seller events annually • Major auctions offer simulcast online bidding and most units move easily across the border • We have qualified experience in handling large Canadian equipment packages • We have enjoyed many strong relationships with Canadian buyers and sellers alike and welcome your future business to buy or sell equipment or to join our direct mail program

find us on the web at

Call 701-757-4015

or e-mail us at

Dynamic Ditchers Inc. Box 299, Dugald, MB Phone: 204-853-2075 or 306-540-6968


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

“Great sprayer made even better with a luxury cab. Well thought out cab streamlined into the new Apache.” Bill Hoffman, Hays, KS

Announcing the new 2014 Apache Sprayer – Now, you can surround yourself with luxury while you spray. WE HAVE TAKEN THE EXPERIENCE OF SPRAYING WITH AN APACHE TO A NEW UNIVERSE. IT STILL COSTS LESS TO OWN AN APACHE. NOW THE APACHE OFFERS AN EXHILARATING OPERATOR EXPERIENCE. Our new cab comes equipped with: • ET Pilot System - 7” interactive color touch screen (swipe or stylist) - Track transmission, fuel economy, engine torque - Adjust automatic side mirrors, rear view camera and two different cruise control speeds • New Joystick offers easier handling • Premium leather, heated seat • Four high performance Jensen® speakers with Polk™ audio system (including 6 free months of SiriusXM™) • Premium buddy seat with portable cooler • Automated climate control with improved cooling and venting • Foot throttle

Every sprayer we build still delivers the high standard of excellence our customers expect. The Apache’s lighter weight is easier on compaction compared to other best selling machines. The Apache weighs a lot less- at least 20%, as much as 42% lighter. In fact, it has our competitor’s attention, so they’ll try to spin less weight, but customers who rely on Apache know all about our impressive traction. Simply put, we can go where others will not (including 4wd with automatic traction control) — see video: Simple. We have remembered that this is a sprayer, not a space ship, so we design it so it is actually easy to use. Efficient. Most sprayers deliver about 70% of the engine’s power to the ground. We deliver 98%. Horsepower costs a lot of money. On average our 1,000 gallon unit uses 3.3 gallons of fuel per hour, and our 750 gallon unit uses 2.8 gallons per hour.

Apache’s warranty is unrivaled. Every Apache comes with a 5-year limited warranty including 1st year bumper-to-bumper (same coverage available in year two for $2,000) and includes a free end-of-first-season inspection through our Guardian™ plan. Quiet smooth ride. Our flex-frame with patented hydraulic suspension includes a c-channel and pivoting front axle for lower wear and tear. Our double paned glass, extra-thick sound deadening floor mats and special cab mounting system translate to about 70 dB’s at 2300 RPM’s. About ET We are a private company engaged solely in the manufacture of sprayers based in Mooresville, IN. No one has stock options, so we are focused on what matters — you, the customer, instead of quarterly earnings and the stock price. When you call us you will get a real person who can answer your question. Act Now We are careful and conservative and normally sell out all of our production capacity soon after the launch. The best time to buy to get best price and availability is now.



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Manitoba Ag Days

Booth # 910/911 in Kinsmen Arena

Early birds get high-level briefings Early-morning mini-seminars offer opportunity to learn more about marketing and HR By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR


Why Certified Seed?

Because you want the best! At FP Genetics our focus is the success of our customers. We strive to be first by being innovative to maintain our competitive edge in the market. For a complete list of varieties, visit our website.

anitoba Ag Days is where the ag year begins not just for producers, but for the many manufacturers and industry participants who attend the show. For 11 years, the Agri-Marketing Centre has provided them with business services and resources, such as the complementary Internet café, meeting lounge, export planning, sector/market profiles, and informational breakfast forums. The Agri-Marketing Centre is a semi-private business venue located in a separate 2,100-square-foot room on the show site and industry sponsors share the costs of the centre’s complimentary services. “Thanks to the support of our sponsors, we have been able to provide a service to exhibitors, manufacturers, visiting industry people and even producers who have industries on the farm, on a fully complementary basis, as well as a free breakfast at each of the two forums on Wednesday and Thursday morning,” says Bill Teerhuis of Manitoba Trade & Investment (MTI), which co-ordinates the Agri-Marketing Centre.

Wheat - CWRS AC® Harvest CDC Utmost VB AC® Muchmore

Barley AC® Newdale – 2 Row Malt CDC Thompson – 2 Row Feed AC® Ranger – 6 Row Forrage

Oats - Milling


AC® Summit CDC Minstrel AC® Leggett CDC Orrin

Toll free 1-866-228-6167

Visit us at our booth 118 - Main St.

Bringing Value and Profit to Canadian Farms

The Hope of the Harvest

Begins with the Seed.

Over 60 years of Experience in Seed. Call us to Discuss Opportunities for Your Farm. Contact Tom or Cal for details: 204-736-2849 |

The popular ‘Early Bird Breakfast and Export Forum’ miniseminars, held on Wednesday and Thursday prior to the show’s daily opening, offer participating industry experts and attendees the chance to explore pertinent issues facing new and established exporters such as trade barriers and emerging trends in national and regional markets. The themes for this year’s forums are human resources and international marketing. Wednesday’s breakfast forum will feature a panel including MTI’s foreign trade representative for Europe and a representative from the Lex Mundi network who will be speaking about the challenges of exporting to Germany and Western Europe. “We are finding that there is more focus today on exporting to European countries, especially with the recently signed free trade agreement that Canada has entered into with the European Union,” says Teerhuis. “Our manufacturers are becoming more aware of the opportunities that exist. The U.S. has always been our biggest trading partner and companies have, for the most part, been focusing on that with a very secondary focus on offshore international markets.” Manitoba companies are leading the way in making significant inroads into offshore export markets with agricultural products that are a good fit for the emerging economies of countries such as Russia and Kazakhstan, he says. “One of the things that we will be emphasizing at the forum is that Manitoba companies have been very successful in selling the Canada brand,” says Teerhuis. “Canada is very well respected and well known all over the world for its very high quality and cost-effective dryland farming technology.”

Mixed with the ambition to go beyond what other people can’t see.

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


It’s why you get out of bed each and every day.



It starts with the passion needed to fill each day with possibility. Driven by the satisfaction of creating something out of nothing. Mixed with the ambition to go beyond what other people can’t see. It’s why you get out of bed each and every day.


Full agronomic support from start to finish.



Visit to learn more about what we do. Visit to learn more about what we do. 1-866-724-3343

@farmers_edge @farmers_edge


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Manitoba AG DAYS January 21, 22 and 23, 2014 Brandon Keystone Centre • 1 - 1175 - 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada Visit us online for more info


For Ideal Results On The Surface, You Need Ideal Pipe Underground NEW DEALER FOR K-LINE SPEEDTILLER AT THE MORDEN LOCATION

FLAMAN RENTALS Highway 3 East of Morden


Quality Pipe Manufactured in Manitoba VISIT US AT BRANDON AG DAYS BOOTH # 605 Make Every Job An Ideal Installation Start With Ideal Pipe

We are a family owned farm that has had generations of experience in land and poultry farming. Also with experience in transporting livestock feed. We would like the opportunity to serve the farming community in Southern Manitoba by transporting your bulk grain goods at competitive prices!

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Talk to us today about the products best suited to your business needs.

Box 970 • Carman, MB Ph: (204) 745-6151 • Fax: (204) 745-6578 • •

Please Call Chad Giesbrecht

204-371-5399 Box 13 R.R. 1 Ste. Anne, Manitoba R5H 1R1



GFL is an industry leader in western and central Canada in the collection, management, transportation, recycling and disposal of liquid industrial/commercial wastes and used oil materials.

1090 Kenaston Blvd Winnipeg, MB R3P 0R7 Ph: (204) 987-9600 Fax: (204) 987-9601 Toll Free: 1-888-ENV-WEST Office Locations: British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba & Ontario


• Saves money • Saves time • Saves the environment

GFL OFFERS THE FOLLOWING SERVICES: • Bulk Used Oil Collection & Processing • Oil Filter Collection • Parts Washer Rental & Service • Plastic Oil Container Collection • Fluid Recovery Services • Glycol Recovery • Waste Recovery Services • Industrial Fuel Supply

The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014




Want to harvest some fun in the sun? You could win a grand prize trip for two to the sun vacation destination of your choice. Here’s How to Enter: • • •

Visit and enter code RRMSUN4 Request a quote for our industry-leading Prairie Farms Grain Package You’re entered to win!

Contest ends December 31, 2014. Prize package cannot exceed $5,000. Travel must happen between February 1, 2015 and April 30, 2015. For full contest details, visit



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

MANITOBA AG DAYS b r a n d o n k e y s t o n e c e n t r e — J a n ua r y 21, 2 2 a n d 2 3 , 2 014

Tractor transmissions in the spotlight at Ag Days Manufacturers have developed different types of variable transmissions to optimize ground speed, load and engine performance By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor


mproved transmission design is one of the features of this year’s tractor lineup at Manitoba Ag Days. Most equipment dealers are offering models with improved performance transmissions, as well as Tier 4 emissions standards engines. D a r r y l P r i e l , h i g h - h o r s e p ow e r tractor specialist with Case IH, will be on hand to discuss some of the company’s innovative technologies, including the new continuously variable transmission (CVT ) and Steiger Rowtrac. Case IH introduced CVT in its Magnum and Puma tractor models in 2009 and is now offering it in the new, mid-size MFD Maxxum. It combines a gear transmission with an advanced hydraulic system and electronic control to optimize ground speed, load and engine performance for various operations and working conditions. The Maxxum’s CVT provides infinite speed changes from 0.02 to 31 miles per hour without the need for the operator to pick a gear ratio or engine speed suitable for the task. Manitoba’s Case IH dealers will also feature the 2014 Steiger 580 Quadtrac Tier 4b tractor range offering 370 to 682 peak HP with Automatic Productivity Management (APM), providing electronic power boost for maximum fuel economy and engine performance. The Case IH WD3 Series II Windrower features 2-1/2 times more hydraulic capacity than former models and can achieve a road speed of 24 m.p.h. Integrated AFS AccuGuide auto guidance is an option that can be added to cab controls to enhance the overall cutting performance of the windrower.

John Deere

Jo h n D e e r e’s I n f i n i t e l y Va r i a b l e Tr a n s m i s s i o n ( I V T ) , a l s o k n ow n a s A u t o P o w r, h a s b e e n a r o u n d since 2001, but the design has been improved for its new 7R Series tractors, which combine the versatility of a utility tractor with the power of a row-crop tractor. AutoPowr/IVT uses a combination of mechanical and hydrostatic power to provide stepless and continuous power across a variable range of speeds. The 7R Series also offers the alternative option of the brand new e23 Power Shift Transmission (PST ) with Efficiency Manager. The e23 PST has 23 equally spaced forward gears and 11 reverse gears that provide the efficiency of an IVT with the smoothness and simplicity of a powershift. The Efficiency Manager feature optimizes fluid economy during field operations and transport. John Deere 7R Series tractors have a high horsepower rating (210 to 290 engine HP) to provide fast acceleration. It has an integrated front three-point hitch and PTO options. John Deere dealers will also feature the W235 self-propelled Windrower which offers either a Rotary or Draper head option and features a 6.8L Final Tier 4 engine, rated at 235

A Case IH high-horsepower tractor specialist will be on hand to discuss features including the new continuously variable transmission (CVT) and Steiger Rowtrac.

Most equipment dealers are offering models with improved performance transmissions, as well as Tier 4 emissions standards engines.

hp. It features Integrated AutoTrac that provides steering assistance to enable faster cutting, CommandCenter display for improved operational efficiency and the JDLink™ telematics system for remote monitoring and tracking of operational performance and maintenance needs.

AGCO will introduce the new 6600 Series line of mid-range tractors in three models with multiple configurations and options.


AGCO offers three different transmission choices with its new MasseyFerguson 6600 Series; the Dyna-VT (continuously variable), Dyna-6 (24speed, semi-powershift) or Dyna-4 (16-speed, semi-powershift). All three transmissions provide efficient power transfer under any field condition. AGCO will introduce the new 6600 Series line of mid-range tractors in three models with multiple configurations and options. All will have Tier 4i compliant four-cylinder engines from AGCO Power and will range from 130 to 150 engine HP (100 to 125 PTO HP). All machines come standard with four-wheel drive and cab. Over at the display of local equipm e n t d e a l e r, H & L Mo t o r s o f Glenboro will be the new model Deutz-Fahr 7250 tractor with TTV ( c o n t i n u o u s l y va r i a b l e t ra n s m i s sion) and a top speed of 50 km/h, which was voted 2013 Tractor of the Year by European agricultural journalists.

John Deere says its 7R Series tractors combine the versatility of a utility tractor with the power of a row-crop tractor.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Ag More Than Ever trumpets farming opportunities and optimism 10 GAUGE STEEL TABLETOP

come see us at booth in BOX 302, Rosenort, MB R0G #604 1W0 1.888 WKBENCH (952.3624) exhibition Ph: 204.746.6591 Fax: 204.746.2998hall Email: Website:

10 10 GAUGE STEEL GAUGE STEEL FCC surveys have found 80 per cent of farmers expect to be better off TABLETOP TABLETOP 10 GAUGE STEEL TABLETOP

in five years but urban residents often have a negative view By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR

BOX 302, Rosenort, MB R0G 1W0 DESIGNS 1.888CUSTOM WKBENCH (952.3624) AVAILABLE Ph: 204.746.6591 Fax: 204.746.2998 Email: Website:


BOX 302, Rosenort, MBMB R0GR0G 1W0 BOX 302, Rosenort, 1W0 1.888 WKBENCH (952.3624) 1.888 WKBENCH (952.3624) Ph:Ph: 204.746.6591 Fax: 204.746.2998 204.746.6591 Fax: 204.746.2998 Email: Email: Website: Website:



g More Than Ever will have its own booth at this year’s Ag Days and it will be manned in part by v o l u n t e e r re p re s e n t a t i v e s drawn from its 240 industry partners, which include farms; associations and groups; private- and public-sector organizations and companies; and mediaCUSTOM and trade shows and DESIGNS CUSTOM DESIGNS events. AVAILABLE “Ag More AVAILABLE Than Ever is an industry-driven cause,” says Lyndon Carlson, senior vicepresident of marketing with Farm Credit Canada. “We’re here to tell the real story of agriculture, about a proud past and a promising future; to get the story out and talk positively about our industry.” Attendees will have a chance to pick up some “ag swag,” i n c l u d i n g a p ro n s, t u q u e s, caps, T-shirts, and bale and bin wraps with the Ag More Than Ever logo. They can also pose with a talk bubble for an ag-friendly picture that can be posted to the Ag More Than Ever Facebook page.

The most critical stage in attaining a plant’s yield potential is in The FirsT 30 Days® of its growth.

The Ag More Than Ever booth will feature “ag swag,” including aprons, tuques, caps, T-shirts, and bale and bin wraps.

Ag More Than Ever is a movement that grew from the recognition of a need to promote the positive side of agriculture and highlight both


3 Tank winch and hitch system has been designed for easy bolt on installation, safety, and enough power to pull even the biggest anhydrous tanks.

• Long lasting oil impregnated bronze bushing on shafts. • Double reduction #50 chain drive. • Control valve with detent included. • Eaton hydraulic orbit motor drive. • 1” Main hitch pin. • Free wheeling spool and safety shear lynch pin. • 40’ 5/16 Aircraft cable. • Extra lunch pins attached. • Safety chain loop. • 1” Tich greasable swivel tongue.

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sTarTers OMeX sTarTers are placed in the seed row to provide readily available phosphorus for maximum uptake into the plant. sTarTers promote rapid root growth and accelerated seedling emergence.

FOLiars OMeX FOLiars are specialized liquid products formulated with specific nutrients to be applied with herbicides, fungicides and insecticides. FOLiars boost a plant’s metabolism during periods of biotic or abiotic stress to preserve yield potential.

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opportunities and optimism within the industry. Farm Credit Canada’s recent sur veys of Canadian farmers found a lot of optimism — with 80 per cent of respondents saying they thought their farm would be better off in five years. However, urbanites have an entirely different perception, and used negative words such as struggling and underappreciated. It was time to change the message that people seemed to be getting about agriculture, says Carlson. “We thought if we could get people to come on board and share their positive stories about Canadian agriculture, we could change the dialogue and talk about all the opportunities and how good our producers are at what they do,” he says. Since its inception in 2011, Ag More Than Ever has done a terrific job of promoting the positive stories of agriculture across Canada, both through its website, its partners and at events such as Ag Days, as well as promoting agriculture as a great career option to young people, he says. “ We know that there are challenges that producers face every year, but at the same time there is nothing that they would rather do,” says Carlson. “They love agriculture, they are passionate about their choice and they love producing the world’s safest food supply.” As the T-shirt says: “I ♥ Canadian Ag.”


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014




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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Ag Days attendees will decide best new product for 2014 Seven companies are vying for the Best New Product award this year By Angela Lovell

of voters. It can blow straw for bedding up to 15 metres away in a 360-degree radius and is controlled from a joyttendees at this year’s stick in the cab. Manitoba Ag Days will have the opportunity to • Decisive Farming offers its Optimize RX-S™ variabledecide which of the new prodrate seeding system which ucts on display they think is the uses customized managebest. ment zones to adjust seedThere will be a Best New ing rates to match in-field Product sign posted on v a r i a b i l i t y. “ O p t i m i z e booths entered in the 2014 RX-S™ uses management contest. This year, the signs zones that correspond to will also carr y a QR code, your fertility plan, allowwhich can be swiped with a ing for the yield potential smartphone to vote for that of each zone to be managed p ro d u c t . T h o s e w i t h o u t a w i t h t h e c o r re s p o n d i n g smartphone can also vote at seeding requirements,” says Voting will the company. open the first day of the show and close at noon on Thurs- • T h e C r o s s Fl ow A e r a t i o n system from Gatco Manuday, Jan. 23 so results can be facturing is billed as a revocompiled and the award prelutionary aeration system sented to the winner prior to which moves air horizonthe end of the show. tally to the centre of the There are seven prodgrain bin where it’s vented ucts vying for the Best New out with a GrainAir Tube. Product title this year and all “With shorter air travel disoffer something unique for tance and reduced static a number of different farm pressure, CrossFlow is the operations. most efficient aeration sys• A g G row t h In d u s t r i e s i s tem ever,” says Gatco. e n t e r i n g i t s i n n ov a t i v e S t o r m ( S e e d Tr e a t m e n t • The Rotating Bale Grapple from Haukaas Mfg. attaches Optimized Rate Metering) to most front-end loaders system with an integrated and skidsteers and unloads auger unit and electronic two bales at a time, hydraucontrols for precise, acculically rotates them 90 rate application. According degrees, and places them in to the company’s descripa mushroom stack. Accordtion of the product: “The ing to Haukaas: “With this metering conveyor measDouble Rotating Grapple ures seed flow and automathay producers can unload a ically adjusts the peristaltic semi of 30 round bales in 12 pumps for optimal coverminutes.” age, while reducing waste a n d e n s u r i n g c o n s i s t e n t • DieselFlex is a computerized system that injects natcoating from the first seed ural gas or propane into the to the last.” air intake of diesel engines • To p r o c e s s b o t h s q u a re proportional to the turbobales in all sizes and round charger’s pressure, throttle bales up to four feet wide, position and gas temperaAgromec Industries offers ture. Manufacturer Maxits Agromec/Emily Sigma Quip says: “DieselFlex will loader mounted bale shredproduce horsepower increder/blower that it hopes will attract the attention Auger losses in Canola can be ments from 20 to 25 per cent and overall fuel sav2 to 10+ bushels per hour ings in the range of 10 to 15 per cent depending on fuel Auger losses in Canola can be costs.” • Paradigm Precision intro2 to 10+ bushels per hour d u c e s i t s a l l n e w UAV post frame buildings BEFORE (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) image services which can be used for drainage, variBEFORE able-rate fungicides, environmental or physical crop assessment damage, pivot Come See calibrations, early detection Our Booth At of crop stresses and many AG Days m o re a p p l i c a t i o n s. “Ou r #426 City Square Mini Arena turnaround time is within two days after taking the AFTER image,” says Paradigm Precision. Attendees will no doubt AFTER have a hard time deciding a winner from these seven Standard packages include: innovative and very different products. • 29 gauge #1 coloured metal walls Co-operator contributor


Two of the new products for this year’s competition include the Storm seed treater from Ag Growth Industries and the Rotating Bale Grapple from Haukaas Mfg.  photos: sandy black

A big THANK YOU to the 400 plus farms across Western Canada who have purchased over 550 Seed Savers in the last two harvests. Our exclusive patented hinged panel systems are the only units built to virtually eliminate seed loss and the dust created by the aggressive nature of the table auger fingers. Even though we are doubling our production capacity for the 2014 harvest, orders are coming in daily, so I encourage you to order now for next year. See us at Crop Production Show in Saskatoon and Manitoba Ag Days in Brandon. Bring your 1/2 ton and chequebook, we’ll have inventory at all the shows.

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014



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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

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Only HELIODOR and RUBIN compact-discs transform stubble fields, pasture, and hay land into a smooth, ready seedbed in one pass. See our compactdiscs and learn more about our products at Manitoba Ag Days. Visit Booths: We carry a full line of industrial paint products and epoxy floor coating systems

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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

WHEN IT COMES TO SMOOTH, THE BARBER KNOWS BEST. Go Smooth. Enjoy a professional hot straight razor shave right at our tradeshow booth!

Get the Westeel Smoothwall experience at Westeel’s very own Smoothwall Barber Shop! Join us at: • Crop Production – January 13 to 16 at Prairieland Park, Saskatoon, SK (booth #C63) • Manitoba Ag Days – January 21 to 23 at the Brandon Keystone Centre, Brandon, MB (booth #813, Optimist Arena) • Farm Tech – January 28 to 30 at the Edmonton EXPO Centre, Edmonton, AB (booth #13)

Visit our dealers at one of the three tradeshows and drop your name into a draw for a custom Westeel mini-fridge!


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


*2-Row* AC Metcalfe & CDC Copeland We buy feed barley, feed wheat, oats, soybeans, corn & canola


Tornado hunter heads speaker lineup at Manitoba Ag Days

This year’s collection of presentations covers a wide range of topics, including herbicide resistance, vertical integration in livestock, and the ever-popular market analysis By Angela Lovell CO-OPERATOR CONTRIBUTOR

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o matter what the weather, it’s a safe bet that the keynote speaker for Ag Days 2014 won’t be deterred. Professional storm chaser and photographer Greg Johnson has got up close and personal with 112 tornadoes and three hurricanes in the 10 years he has been chasing severe weather. The Regina native is the leader of a team of three tornado hunters, who uses sophisticated weather-tracking technology to read severe weather patterns. Recently he compassionately shared the aftermath of the massive twister that devastated Joplin, Missouri and is increasingly in demand with outdoor festival organizers to help them protect event attendees should a sudden or severe storm strike. But it’s not his tornadohunting experiences that Johnson will share at Manitoba Ag Days as much as some of the personal insights he has gained from his adventures. A firm believer in the “Bucket List” philosophy, Johnson’s mission is to inspire others to chase their passions, while sharing and teaching the lessons he has learned from pursuing his. He will speak at the FCC Theatre at 1 p.m. on Thursday, Jan. 23.

Safety is a theme of this year’s Manitoba Ag Days, and provincial farm safety co-ordinator Jeff Shaw will kick off the lineup of presentations on Tuesday morning by explaining why workplace health and safety matters in your farm business. On the beef and livestock end, Jerry Wulf of Wulf Cattle in Minnesota will discuss vertical integration in his presentation “From Pasture to Plate.” On Thursday morning, Rhéal Bernard of Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation will unveil details of the new forage insurance programs for 2014.

Clubroot update

Agronomy sessions will include an update on herbicide resistance in Manitoba on Wednesday morning, as well as tips for glyphosateresistance management on Thursday morning. Canola growers will be interested in the clubroot sessions on Tuesday morning and Thursday afternoon, which will feature a panel of Alberta producers who have dealt with clubroot on their farms and an update on the clubroot situation in Manitoba. With record acres of non-traditional crops like soybeans across Manitoba this past year, producers can learn more about soybean production, fertility and markets on Wednesday morning.




Pedigreed Seed Growers & Processors of wheat and dry edible beans


Portage la Prairie MB


Outlook sessions are always a highlight of Manitoba Ag Days and market analyst Larry Weber of Weber Commodities should answer a few nagging questions for grain farmers on Tuesday afternoon. “The market analyst always is one of the biggest program sessions and I think this year it will be no different especially with the markets doing what they’ve been doing of late,” says Ag Days co-chair Ryan Boyd. On Wednesday morning, there will be presentations on farm succession, land prices, and farm business strategies. Wednesday afternoon will feature farming with technology sessions, including the pros and cons of vertical tillage and tile drainage. Matthew Van Dijk of Farm Credit Canada will explain how farmers can use mobile, wireless technology to manage their farm from anywhere. “The program for Manitoba Ag Days has become such an important part of the show,” says Ag Days co-chair Blake Nestibo. “Ag Days is not just an opportunity for manufacturers or farmers to do business, but also a learning tool where they all can come and they learn what’s new and exciting about markets, agronomy, and so many other aspects of farming.” Program details are available at


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The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Better grain flow a feature of combines on display at Ag Days


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Mt. Pleasant, IA 319.385.2000

Ames, IA 515.460.8585 |

i t h c o r n a n d s oybean acreage soaring across Manitoba, equipment manufacturers are responding to the need for tougher, more robust features for combines handling these higher-wear crops. Achieving optimum efficiency in grain flow through combine systems seems to be a central focus of many of the new combines on display at Manitoba Ag Days. Ryan Nichol, Case IH harve s t i n g p ro d u c t s p e c i a l i s t will be on hand at this year’s Ag Days to discuss the new 3152/62 straight-cut draper headers featuring CentraCut™ knife drive and field to transport deployment system. As well, Manitoba Case IH dealers will display a number of new har vesting products, such as the Axial Flow 72/82/9230 Series flagship combines that feature i m p rove d g ra i n f l ow f ro m the sieve to the clean grain cross auger to provide more harvesting capacity. Residue left by the combine can be set in a windrow or chopped and spread via the in-cab touch-screen display. Options i n c l u d e a t ra n s i t i o n c o n e and rotor cage made of highchrome metal to reduce wear and tear when dealing with high-wear crops. The New Gleaner S8 Super Series Combine series from AGCO offers Optimum Harvesting Performance with its innovative transverse rotor w h i c h a l l ow s d i re c t f e e d ing without shifting or compressing and without a feed beater or drum. The rotor is open 360 degrees at the cage, which gives it more threshing and separating area than any other rotor. The cleaning system uses the midair space above the shoe for the majority of cleaning as well as dropping grain so that the entire shoe is used and can be more compact. The position of our rotor allows use of a simple, faster two-auger system for unloading.


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

New “Straight Cut”

CARDALE “More Wheat...Less Shatter”

Less Straw-Less FHB...... More Yield & Protein

MANITOBA CARDALE DEALERS “Working Hard To Earn Your Trust”

John M. Smith Seed Depot Agassiz Seed Farm Ltd. Avondale Seed Farm Ltd. Boissevain Select Seeds Catellier Seeds Clearview Acres Ltd. Court Seeds Dauphin Plains Seeds Ltd. David Kohut Ltd. Durand Seeds Inc Ellis Farm Supplies Ltd. Ens Quality Seeds Fisher Seeds Ltd. Friesen Seeds Ltd. Gagnon Seed Service

825-2000 745-2868 877-3813 534-6846 347-5588 748-2666 386-2354 638-7800 483-3063 745-7577 824-2290 325-4658 622-8800 746-8325 447-2118

Gerrard Family Seeds HB Agri Hulme Agri Products Inc. Inland Seed Corp. J.S. Henry & Sons Ltd. Jeffries Seed Service Keating Seed Farms Kletke Seed Farms L&L Farms MB Seeds Miller Agritec Nickel Bros. Pitura Seed Service Ltd. Pugh Seeds Ltd. David Hamblin Redsper Ent. Riddel Seed Co

759-2213 523-7464 685-2627 683-2316 566-2422 827-2102 773-3854 886-2822 324 5798 746-4652 267-2363 773-6734 736-2849 274-2179 746-4779 328 5346 227-5679

Rutherford Farms Ltd. Bob Wiens Sask-Can Parent Seine River Seed Sierens Seed Service Smith Seeds Southern Seeds Ltd Swan Valley Seeds T&S Seeds Timchishen Seeds Triple “S” Seeds Ltd. Unger Seed Farm Ltd. Westman Aerial Spray Wheat City Seeds Wilson Seeds Ltd. Zeghers Seed Farm

467-5613 736-2951 737-3004 355-4495 744-2883 873-2248 776-2333 734-2526 548-2117 376-5116 546-2590 467-8630 763-8998 727-3337 246-2388 526-2145

Serving Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta Since 1937 COME SEE US AT AG DAYS BOOTH #1531 & #1532 IN BARN 1

• Quality Commercial • Agriculatural • Residental Overhead Doors • Operators

• Non-Insulted and Insulated Sectional Doors. • Liftmaster Heavy Duty Operators. • Mullion Slide Away Centre Posts. • Quality Installation and Service. • Replacement Springs and Cables. • Polycarbonate doors and carwash accessory’s available • Hollow metal doors and frames available. PO Box 40 Steinbach, Manitoba R5G 1M1 Phone: (204) 326-4556

Phone: 204-326-4556 • Fax: 204-326-5013 • Toll Free: 1-855-326-4556


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Box 426, Holland, MB. R0G 0X0 Ph: 204-526-2145 Fax 204-526-2524 Cell: 204-526-5322

Shawn Zeghers Specializing in: Pedigree Seed, Production,Processing, Retail.


Spring can’t come fast enough for this technology There’s a lush crop of new drills, cultivators, precision planters, rippers and other seeding equipment at Manitoba Ag Days By Angela Lovell Co-operator contributor


Stop REACTING to symptoms and start CORRECTING the problem! Talk to us about alternatives at booth 457 City Square Mini Arena

Associate Dealer


Ph: (204) 326-6039 • Fax: (204) 326-5525 #8 Hwy 52 W Steinbach, MB R5G 1X7 LINCOLN - MILLER - THERMAL ARC / VICTOR TECHNOLOGIES “SERVICE IS OUR #1 PRODUCT”

710 Richmond Ave. E, Brandon, MB Phone: 204.728.3370 Fax: 204.728.3371 E: W:

t all starts with the seed in the ground, so a good place to start your explorations at Manitoba Ag Days is by checking out the latest in seeding equipment and technology. The Case IH 50 Series Early Riser Planters features its Advanced Seed Meter (ASM) technology and is driven by a new cable meter drive system to provide longer ser vice life with reduced maintenance when planting canola, soybeans, sunflowers or corn. Degelman claims to have “created a monster” with its new fast and versatile ProTill® compact disc cultivator, which shreds and evenly distributes heavy fall residue at speeds over 10 miles per hour, opens up spring fields, levels ruts, destroys clods and produces a perf e c t s e e d b e d . P r o - Ti l l ® works in wet or dr y conditions and features independent disc arms with small-diameter shallow discs, a motion dampening rubber suspension and consolidating rollers that can perform most tillage operations in one pass. Morris Industries will feature the new RAZR disc drill, which has an innovative, ground-following, walking

beam design that provides a constant scraper to ground angle and positive furrow closing as well as trans ferring more weight onto the 20-inch-diameter disc blades for better penetration. Morris’s new 9 Series Air Carts complete the seeding package with new tank, lid and walkway designs as well as the company’s innovative GPS-controlled, Input Control Technology (ICT ) system, which uses a unique sprocket-driven system to control metering and prevent overlap of seed and fertilizer application. I n n ov a t i o n s i n b a l e r s begin with the Case IH RB5 Round Baler with a newly designed over shot rotor that provides 25 per cent more capacity than prior models, reducing in-field baling time. Kuhn will have its LSB 1290 tandem square baler with a 3x4-foot bale seize and a VB1270 round silage baler. Next door, the H & L Motors stand will feature the Keltek Bale Slice Bale Buster Squeeze Grapple, which is new to Manitoba. Fo r t i l l a g e o p e ra t i o n s, Kuhn will unveil the Kraus In-Line Ripper, featuring a no-till shank system and eight-inch wings for primary tillage. The Ripper is able to break up compacted soil layers while leaving behind 86

per cent of the residue on top. Hepson Equipment Inc. will have several new loaders on display at this year’s Ag Days to make jobs around the yard easier. The JCB T M 3 2 0 Te l e s c o p i c w h e e l loader combines the benefits of a wheel loader with a telescopic handler. A centremounted, roomy cab provides 360-degree visibility and easy access. An adjustable telescopic steering column allows the operator to optimize driving position. Constant-flow hydraulics can be adjusted in cab on the go. JCB Adaptive Load Control automatically safeguards the machine and operator from overturning f o r w a rd s w h e n h a n d l i n g heavy loads. Hepson will also feature JCB Skidsteers and Compact track loaders, which use a strong powerboom (instead of two lift arms like traditional skidsteers) to allow for safer, easier entry through the side rather than climbing over the attachment in the front window. Highdrive rubber track undercarriages on the track loaders provide excellent flotation and reduced ground-bearing pressure, for working in areas inaccessible by conventional, wheeled skidsteers.

Industrial gases - mig - tig - stick - robotics - dry ice

SHOW SPECIALS - NEW PRODUCTS - DEMOS ENTER OUR DRAW FOR A FREE WELDING HELMET Booth #s 1436, 1437, 1438, 1439 on the Ag Centre concourse

Dec. 31st Last Day for Ordering for Spring Delivery CALL NOW FOR PRICING!


Don’t be left out in the rough!

Level Mole, Gopher & Badger Hills While Harrowing In One Pass • Series 4 Jumbo proven drag leveling system is quaranteed to level fields that are impossible to drive on • Drags have hardened adjustable shoes & front cutting edge • Kits from 40-70’ to convert Morris, Flexi coil, Blanchard and Riteway harrow packer bars • 10 & 12’ 3pt hitch units •

Dealers Wanted

ALL KITS BOLT ON! NO CUTTING OR WELDING ThiS Machine iS The RancheRS #1 choice!!!

Save big $ cutting baling and hauling will take 30 hours less time per levelled quarter section.

3PTH Financing oac Stewart Walker 306-542-4498 • cell 542-7325 •

Is your ag equipment search more like a needle in a haystack search? OVER 30,000 Find it fast at PIECES OF AG EQUIPMENT!


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

Quality Seed Quality Service Quality Agronomy Developed by Thunder Seed, Supplied by Quarry Seed Ltd. Thunder Seed top yielding corn and soybeans are some of the earliest maturities in all of western Canada. These seeds are backed by years of research, development and field testing, and the proven results for your operation are higher yields compared to other brands.

Linking today’s corn and soybean producers to tomorrow’s technology with top genetics in Genuity Roundup Ready 2 Yield®. We

know it, we grow it.

Act Now to Lock In Your Genetically Superior Soybean Seeds!

Visit us at Brandon Ag Days booth, 221 in UCT Pavilion.

Book Now Call: 1-888-274-9243

THE TIRE THAT PROTECTS THE SOIL FOR VERY HIGH HORSE POWER TRACTORS. • A NEW LEVEL OF PERFORMANCE The Michelin® Axiobib™ is the first tire in the industry rated by the U.S. Tire and Rim Association as IF, which Michelin refers to as Increased Flexion. • HIGH LOAD CARRYING CAPACITY 20% more load capacity compared to standard tires of the same size, at the same pressure.* • A ‘D’ SPEED RATING Ultraflex tires are approved for road speeds of up to 40 mph. • SUPERB COMFORT Greater sidewall flexibility offers outstanding operator comfort, without compromising endurance or service life. *Compared to the Michelin® MachXBib® radial.

BLUMENORT (204) 326-6419

DRYDEN (807) 223-3194

BRANDON (204) 727-3323

NEEPAWA (204) 476-5566


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014

• Buy Used Oil

NOTRE • Buy Batteries Used Filters DAME •• Collect Collect Oil Containers USED • Antifreeze OIL & Booth #1136 Western Place Concourse FILTER Southern, Eastern, Western Manitoba DEPOT Tel: 204-248-2110

Manitoba AG DAYS January 21, 22 and 23, 2014 Brandon Keystone Centre 1 - 1175 - 18th Street, Brandon, Manitoba, Canada

Bale Shredder

Bale Shredder

Visit us online for more info Auger Bucket

Auger Bucket Auger Bucket

Silage Defacer

SilageSilage Defacer Defacer

Silocub Silocub

Bale Shredder


Bale Shredder

Agromec has a full Agromec has a full We haveof a full range range feeding, range of feeding, of feeding, bedding, bedding, and manure bedding, and manure Silocub and manure handling handling equipment to Bucket Auger handling equipment to equipment to help you Agromec has a full help you do your work Silocub help you do quickly your work range of feeding, do your work quickly and effi ciently! quickly and effi ciently! bedding, and manure Bale Shredder

and efficiently!

Silage Defacer Look for EMILY/AGROMEC at your local Dairy Shows. Look for EMILY/AGROMEC at your local Dairy Shows. 204.728.4609 Auger Bucket


See you in the Hitching RingAgromec at AG DAYS! has a full

Silage Defacer


handling equipment to help you do your work quickly and efficiently!

Look for EMILY/AGROMEC at your local Dairy Shows. range of feeding, bedding, and manure handling equipment to help you do your work quickly and efficiently!



Look for EMILY/AGROMEC at your local Dairy Shows.

Pasteur, Plentiful, Carberry, Prosper Wheat; Austenson, Celebration Barley; Summit and Souris Oats; Bravo Flax

o h s e d a r t r u o Visit . e r o m t u o d booth to fin

Please Contact Ron, Graeme or Merrill



Phone 1-800-251-1532 Licensed & Bonded Grain Buyers

• Heated Canola • Flax • Oats SEE US • Sunflowers AT AG DAYS • Corn BOOTH #128 Main Street • Feed Barley • Soybeans

Andy, Brett & Jesse Vanderveen



The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014


Check out our showcase of grain storage innovations built for your farm! From temperature cables to moisture cables to the amazing Integris Pro, we can help give you the quality control you’ve always wanted. Upgrade your existing equipment or install new equipment, call today to discover what options fit your operation.


Manitoba & Eastern Saskatchewan 204-269-7616 Western Saskatchewan 306-244-1144 Northern Alberta 780-539-4344 Southern and Central Alberta 403-393-2662



Equipment Rentals – It Makes Sense to Rent Requires no capital outlay Get access to new, well-maintained equipment Rented equipment is a 100% write-off Don’t worry about depreciation

BLAINE LAKE (306) 497-2670


(306) 228-2172 B & D Rentals


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(306) 682-2574

Blair Industrial


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Cut Knife


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3 16 18





4 Estevan













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23 13





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Mar-Dee Enterprises


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GROW YOUR BUSINESS: Flaman rental franchise opportunities are available for more information call





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Flaman Rentals



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(204) 728-4554

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(306) 435-4143






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(306) 642-4621

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Swan River




(306) 224-2088




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Cudworth Bruno

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(306) 873-5000





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(306) 563-6426

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Flaman Rentals

As a young man starting up his own company, cash is always short. Having Flaman Rentals close by has been a life saver.


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Sovema 12 Wheel Rakes Haukaas Bale Cart Tree Spades Conveyors Trailers . . . Plus much more


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Johnson Bros.

Extractors Leon Landscrapers Water Pumps Brillon Grass Seeders Land Rollers REM Grain Vacs Post Pounders



Wishek Discs Harrows Manure Spreaders Rotary Mowers Rock Pickers Rock Rakes Pro Grain Baggers


The Manitoba Co-operator | January 9, 2014




RIGHT REASONS. Visit New Holland at Booth #702 / 703 in the Canada Room at the 2014 Manitoba Ag Days. See the latest New Holland equipment and register to receive SMART money-saving offers — up to $1,000 OFF* or a rate reduction on select new tractors and equipment.






REGISTER NOW through January 23!

*For commercial use only. Offer valid at participating New Holland dealerships in the 50 United States/D.C. and Canada on qualifying new equipment purchases made from the date of registration through April 23, 2014. See official coupon for complete details. Coupon has the following limitations; will not apply to Bid, Fleet, lease, or rental; has no cash value, cannot be duplicated and will not be replaced if lost, stolen or destroyed. Not valid without customer registration with New Holland for the 2014 MANITOBA AG DAYS. Prior purchases are not eligible. Offer subject to change or cancellation without notice. **Register with New Holland to win a Boomer™ 20 compact tractor valued at $12,601.00 (USD). NO PURCHASE NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN. A PURCHASE WILL NOT INCREASE YOUR CHANCE OF WINNING. Open to show attendees who are 18 years of age or older at the time of registration and are legal residents of the 50 United States/D.C. and Canada (excluding New York, Florida and Quebec). Void where prohibited. Odds of winning depend on number of eligible entries received. See official rules for details. Official rules available upon registration. © 2014 CNH America LLC. All rights reserved. New Holland and CNH Capital are registered trademarks of CNH America LLC. New Holland Construction is a trademark of CNH America LLC.

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