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JUST ANOTHER METRO LINE?! BRUSSELS: 19 AMBITIONS FOR A LAYERED CITY

edited by Tine Van Herck . Violette Baudet contributions from Yaëlle Jacobs . Vincent Prats Babette Wyckaert . Janette Said Jorg Roets . Sanne Vervaet Maaike Cauwels . Nele Coen Ellen Van Mulders . Kai Saillart Annelie Gaudissabois . Annelien Uvin Silke Van Bruyssel . Daniella Beltran Saar Huyghebaert . Valérie Vanwalleghem Dimitri Voordeckers . Thomas Verheye Jolien Coppejans The 2nd master in urban design and spatial planning at KU Leuven Campus Sint-Lucas September 2016 . January 2017


006

078

A SELF-SUFFICIENT STREET FOR PEOPLE by Jolien Coppejans

082

BRUSSELS GREEN LINE 1 by Thomas Verheye

086

METRO LINE 3

090

THE RELAYERED CITY by Dimitri Voordeckers

SUBWAY STATION AS NEW SOCIAL SPACE by Valérie Vanwalleghem

094

NO PARKING SPACE BUT PUBLIC SPACE by Saar Huyghebaert

098

CONNECTING THROUGH PLAY by Daniella Beltran

102

106

ENRICH LOCAL ATMOSPHERES by Silke Van Bruyssel

METRO PART OF THE CITY – ART AS INSTRUMENT by Annelien Uvin

110

2

INTRODUCTION

UNDER CONSTRUCTION 2.0 by Annelie Gaudissabois


114

METRO AS SYSTEM FOR WASTE TRANSPORT by Kai Saillart

116

LEARNING ALONG THE METRO by Ellen Van Mulders

120

124

METRO AS PERSONAL TRAINER by Nele Coen

STUDENTS AS MOTOR FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT by Maaike Cauwels

132

DENSIFY THE METRO STOP by Sanne Vervaet

BXL, WORLD’S CAPITAL OF SMART MOBILITY : A² by Jorg Roets

136

138

142

INTRODUCTION

128

€ 60 MILLION TO SPEND by Janette Said

GROWING IS FEEDING by Babette Wyckaert

GREEN MESH STRUCTURED BY THE TRANSIT LINE by Vincent Prats

146

100% LINE 03 by Yaëlle Jacobs

3


photo: Tine Van Herck


INTRODUCTION Studio Brussels is the second, and

In the summer of 2016 it was

last, design studio in the 2 master in

announced that the long planned

urban design and urban planning at KU

extension of Brussels metro system

Leuven, Campus Sint-Lucas. The studio

will finally be installed. The addition

aims to give students a broad perspective

to the existing metro system will be

on todays urban issues. Both research

called Metro Line 3. This line will run

and design are important components

from the North station to Bordet with

of the students work.

seven stops, consisting of one stop

Central topic is the newly planned

approximately every 500 meters.

Metro Line 3 in Brussels. A 4 kilometer

The design of this extension dates back

long extention to the existing metro

to the year 1969, when the full metro

network, running through a great variety

system of Brussels was planned. It is

of urban tissues. The studio analysed

foreseen that the first metro train on this

the planned Metro Line 3 with an open

line will run in 2022. Metro Line 3 will

and critical attitude. Pros and cons of

replace the current Tram Line 55. Total

this huge piece of infrastructure have

costs of the project: 857 million euros.

been weighed up thoroughly. Research

(source: hln.be) Metro Line 3 will run

and design were focussed on how the

through a very diverse parts of the

new metro line can be integrated in

city of Brussels, from the city centre

the existing urban environment and

to Schaarbeek and Evere, serving over

add value to society. The final projects

250.000 inhabitants.

METRO LINE 3

nd

were shown during a 2 day exhibition in Les Ecuries van de Tram in Brussels in

Todays cities are rich and complex

January 2017. This book is a report of

organisations that consist of multiple

the design studio, containing a selection

systems: spatial, social, digital, ecological,

of the studio work.

etc. It is therefore that the studio has

With this book we aim to invite the

focussed on a wide range of topics,

urban planners of the city of Brussels to

using literature listed on the right.

consider this huge infrastucture work as an opportunity for integral urban design, rather than just a technical engineering task.

6


When planning such a large metro line, costing almost one billion euros, the question rises how this project can be more than just a piece of infrastructure. This huge project provides enormous potential leverage for the city, and we should be using it. How can the construction of this new Metro Line 3 add to society? In what way can it be used for other means than just connecting people? What is the potential

The studio has formulated 19 ambitions for the city of Brussels relating to the new Metro Line 3. Projects can be roughly devided in a few categories: food, public space, traffic and transport,

Density and atmosphere DECLÈVE, Bernard, e.a., Brusselse dichtheden en woonvormen, Brussel, 2009 REIJNDORP, Arnold and REIJNDERS, Leeke, De alledaagse en de geplande stad, Nijmegen: SUN-Trancity, 2010 TRÖGER, Eberhard, Density and atmosphere, Birkhäuser, 2015 Smart cities HAJER, Maarten and DASSEN, Ton, Slimme steden, de opgave voor de 21e-eeuwse stedenbouw in beeld, Rotterdam: Nai/010, 2014 Food STEEL, Carolyn, De hongerige stad, Rotterdam: Nai/010, 2011 Metropolitan landscapes BRUGMANS, George, ed., IABR 2014-Urban by Nature, Rotterdam, 2014 Leefmilieu Brussel, e.a., Metropolitan Landscapes, Brussels, 2016

INTRODUCTION

of the 7 new metro stops?

Connectivity MENSINK, Jeroen, ed, Stromen en verblijven, Rotterdam: Nai/010, 2013 SORT, Jordi Julia, Metropolitan Networks, Barcelona: Gustavo Gili, 2006

urban facilites, densification. Some projects are critical about the new metro line and propose either an alternative route or a longer track. Other projects embrace the new metro line and even propose more stops along the same track. Yet all projects have in common that they aim to create a rich and intelligent relationship between infrastructure and the city. Tine van Herck and Violette Baudet January 2017

7


photo: Jorg Roets


photo: Silke van Bruyssel


photo: Jorg Roets


photo: YaĂŤlle Jacobs


photo: Vincent Prats


photo: YaĂŤlle Jacobs


photo: Vincent Prats


Europe.

CONNECTIVITY source: Google Maps. (sd.). Brussel. Consulted on https://www.google.be/ maps/

Road Intensity

ROAD INTENSITY > 60occupancy % occupancy rate >%60 rate < 30occupancy % occupancy rate <%30 rate

METRO LINE 3

The upper two maps show the traffic The upper two maps show the traffic intensity in the neighbourhoods intensity in the neighbourhoods during during morning and evening ruch hour. morning and evening rush hour.

8h - 9h

17h - 18h

The lower two maps show the traffic The lower two maps show the traffic intensity intensity on the roads on the roads during morning and evening during morning and evening ruch hour. rush hour. It is clear that the ring road suffers from a lot of congestion. Wether adding extra lanes is a permanent solution is debatable.

source: BISA. (2011) Bezettingsgraad van de wegen. Consolidated on https://wijkmonitoring.brussels/maps/statistieken-mobiliteit-brussel/ verkeersdruk-brussels-gewest/bezettingsgraad-van-de-wegen-1718u/1/2011/

8h

Master in de Stedenbouw en Ruimtelijke Planning

22

17h


Oudergem

Vorst

Ukkel Watermaal Bosvoorde

ORIGIN AFRICA

Algeria Dem. Rep. of Congo Refugees Guinea Cameroon Morocco Belgium has taken in a Rwanda number of refugees Tunesia in 2015. Somalia, Iraq,

This m foreig there roots, Notew inhab

source: FOD Ec http://sta populatio

Afghanistan and Iran are ASIA

countries from which the most Armenia refugees in Belgium come. It is important toChina keep in Philippines mind that there are also a lot of illegal immigrants. India

AMERICA Brasil Canada Ecuador United States

This map shows the inhabitants with a foreign origin outside of Europe. In Brussels there are a lot of people with Moroccan roots, and some with Turkish roots. Noteworthy is the apparent absence of inhabitants with their origin in Congo. source: FOD Economie. (2016) Buitenlandse bevolking. Consulted on http://statbel.fgov.be/nl/modules/publications/statistiques/bevolking/ population_etrangere.jsp

A LAYERED CITY

Iran Japan Libanon Pakistan Syria Turkey

DIG

Intern for pe nowa poss from the p scien The h quite outsi home

source: Hier is hotspot

DIGITAL Digital

WORLDWIDE Free Wifi FreeWifi

Wifi through providers

Wifi through providers

Internet has become an essential connection FLIGHTS for people, companies and institutions Direct nowadays. It is the fastest connection Indirect excluded possible. We cannot imagine being

CIRB. C brussel

Proxim Consul map_a hotspot hotspot

Telenet nl/ontde

Stad Br artdet.c

23


24

METRO LINE 3


PUBLIC NETWORK It is a widely spread idea that Brussels does not have much pubicly accesible outside space. These maps however show the contrary. There is a lot of potential in the outside public space and the connections between them. A lot of attention was given to the making of the car-free zone. Brussels could also do with a bit more attention for all the other walkable parts, mainly the pavements.

It is a widely spread idea that Brussels does not have much pubicly accesible outside space. These maps however show the contrary. There is a lot of potential in the outside public space and the connections between them. A lot of attention was given to the making of the car-free zone. Brussels could also do with a bit more attention for all the other walkable parts, mainly the pavements.

A LAYERED CITY

source: Google Maps. (sd.). Brussel. Consulted on https://www.google.be/ maps/

25


METRO LINE 3

DENSITY AND ATMOSPHERE

26


A LAYERED CITY

27


METRO LINE 3

DENSITY & ATMOSPHERE

28


A LAYERED CITY

29


METROPOLITAN LANDSCAPES

15

seperation culture and nature 2016

he ng.

in this mapping the built spaces and green spaces are indicated. in the current situation both are just functioning next to each other, there is barely a connection between nature and culture.

seperation culture and nature 2016 in this mapping the built spaces and green spaces are indicated. in the current situation both are just functioning next to each other, there is barely a connection between nature and culture.

tour & taxis

METRO LINE 3

russels 1947-2015

growth occured in the pulation was shrinking.

russels 2015-2020

20 ings

brussels development zones

brussels development zones

will increase brussels already has some location which they want to develop in nd west side of near future. almost all the sites are located next to the zenne. se brussels thealready has some location which they want to more than 25%.

develop in the near future. almost all the sites are located next to the zenne.

of %.

ussels 2030 & 2060

brussels open spaces 2016

time. by 2060 we esides this increase; ls to the suburbs. for this expansion?

metropolitan landscapes arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t only the green spaces, but all the open spaces. so this map is showing al the open spaces of brussels. the open spaces donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t stop at the regional border for eemple. so collaboration between unicipaliteis are required. as nature they are also talking about open spaces next to highways.

30

a combinationmap of the open space layer and these sites, they need tot think about another

the way

development of thinking

layer. if brussels will develop those sites and designing. a way were brussels makes su


tour & taxis

A LAYERED CITY 31


brussels 2030 & 2060

brussels open spaces 2016

this population growth will continue during time. by 2060 we will notice an increase of more than 27%. besides this increase; people will move from the innercity of brussels to the suburbs. the city will expand, but where is the limit for this expansion?

metropolitan landscapes arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t only the green spaces, but all the open spaces. so this map is showing al the open spaces of brussels. the open spaces donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t stop at the regional border for eemple. so collaboration between unicipaliteis are required. as nature they are also talking about open spaces next to highways.

a combinationmap of the open space these sites, they need tot think abo

Ox

THE CLOSED-LOOP SYSTEM THINKING

COx

biodiversity

cycling route walkway

river buffer

in a different

sustainable way we scales within brussels.

should think the the open system

is

city a

grey water

as a natural ecosystem or great resource for the built

a body environment

with since

it

many different systems offers ecosystem servic

METRO LINE 3

to develop brussels which is working on

natural filtration

100m current situation tour and taxis - strong seperation of functions the site of tour and taxis is a zone of conflict between nature and culture. in the current situation there is a strong seperation of functions in which industrie, living area and green have a clear boundary between each other.

nele coen - jolien coppejans - yaelle jacobs - vincent prats 32


conflictzones between development and open spaces

layer and out another

the way

development of thinking

layer. if brussels will develop those sites as they are planning, and designing. a way were brussels makes sure the open space or

there nature

will and

be less open space. instad culutre or built spaces are

SOx

of just blindly develop working together as one.

CO NOx

biogas

urban farming

green energy

the closed - loop system thinking

within ces. but

and this

in which closed -

the loop

output approach

of can

one also

system becoumes go beyond the

the input boundaries of

of another one. some municipalities,

in or

other words the regional

this border

is or

a even

closed-loop approach, the belgian border.

A LAYERED CITY

CO2

CO2 CO2

100m new situation tour and taxis: permeable boundaries - culture and nature as one on the conflictzone of tour and taxis the houses nearby and reduces their heating costs.

closed-loop the co2

approach can work. can also be used

the for

heat and co2 producing alga.

produced these alga

by can

de be

industry used

can work as heating for the in a form of vertical farming.

studio brussels - 2016-2017 33


Describing Brusse FOOD

METRO LINE 3

We donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t sm is good, now date at the p

We mustnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t be consumers of food we must be co-producers Carlo Petrini founder Slow Food

Sitopia in Brussels ? 34

Big supermarkets po the suburbs of the city


are named after their use in the Middle Ages. Map based on: Vlaamse Overheid. (2016). Opgeroepen op 10 7, 2016, van Geopunt: http://www.geopunt.be/

Food Footprint of Brussels region

els through Food =

mell food to see if it w we only check a package. Carolyn Steel

9,5 x 162 km2

Per Vlaming, is er een ruimtebeslag van 1.282 m² per Vlaming (per jaar) of 3,5 m² per Vlaming per dag.

Scheme based on: Beleidsdomein Landbouw en Visserij. (2013). Food Footprint Welke oppervlakte is nodig om de Vlaming te voorzien van lokaal voedsel? Een theoretische denkoefening. Vlaamse Overheid.

A LAYERED CITY

op up in y. Func-

1,2 milion inhabitants

Map based on: Brussels Observatorium voor Duurzame Consumptie. (2006). Hoeveel kilometers bevat uw bord? Brussel: OIVO.

Traditional food network Supermarkets / Distributioncenter

Social food network Markets / Local food shops

35


distribution).

Traditional food network Agriculture around Brussels

ent religio shops(e.g

Soci

METRO LINE 3

Traditional food network Agriculture around Brussels

More then a third of the surface of the “ Brusselse rand “ is used for agriculture. There are more then 1000 active farms located in this area. Agriculture takes care of the maintenance of the open space in the surroundings of Brussels city.

The smalle still they a work on th like regula packages,

Map based on: Dewey. (2016). Opgeroepen op 10 8, 2016, van Dewey: http://maps.dewey.be/ Vlaamse Landmaatschappij. Boeren rond Brussel Kansen en bedreigingen voor voedselproductie in de Vlaamse Rand. Leuven

More then a third of the surface of the “ Brusselse rand “ is used for agriculture. There are more then 1000 active farms located in this area. Agriculture takes care of the maintenance of the open space in the surroundings of Brussels city.

Waste

Map based on: Dewey. (2016). Opgeroepen op 10 8, 2016, van Dewey: http://maps.dewey.be/ Vlaamse Landmaatschappij. Boeren rond Brussel Kansen en bedreigingen voor voedselproductie in de Vlaam

Waste

Scheme based on: Departement Landbouw en Visserij afdeling Monitorin 36


ons and associated rules have their influence on the presence and differentiation of these g hallal).Brussels. Something we can also describe as â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;food cultureâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. We are for example used to buy vegtables

vegetables wrapped in packages in big supermarkets, other people/cultures donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t. Also the differ-

ial food network CSA rules / Urban (food) gardens ent religions and associated have their influence on the presence and differentiation of these shops(e.g hallal).

Social food network CSA / Urban (food) gardens

In the fi Brussel to make

Pol

er urban (food) gardens, are not really for nourishing the city (or only in a small amount), but are part of the alternative food initiatives. (link to visibility). The spatially extended CSA nethe other hand is food production in the city or city based food production. They mostly work ar farms but the big difference is the short chain, direct relation to the consumer (vegetable ,growing/harvesting yourself) and the small transportation distances (also link to visibility).

n: Vlaamse Overheid.

The smaller urban (food) gardens, are not really for nourishing the city (or only in a small amount), but still they are part of the alternative food initiatives. (link to visibility). The spatially extended CSA network on the other hand is food production in the city or city based food production. They mostly work like regular farms but the big difference is the short chain, direct relation to the consumer (vegetable packages,growing/harvesting yourself) and the small transportation distances (also link to visibility).

A LAYERED CITY

IGood-f Healthy roundin

Sources Abatoir Cyclefar Redacti EFARM Good Fo

Gr th

mse Rand. Leuven: Vlaamse Overheid.

ANN

ng en Studie. (2011). Verlies en verspilling in de voedselketen. Brussel: Vlaamse Overheid.

Sources Steel, C Otto, F. 37


SMART CITIES timeline of important events that affect the evolution and the perception of the city FIRST TRANSITION PERIOD

SECOND TRANSITION PERIOD

Industrial revolution: sanitary infrastructure

1850

MODERNISM; ciam. Connect architecture Invention bike

1865

Improvement public health - Garden cities

METRO LINE 3

1898

LIGHT

1928-1959

END 19TH CENTURY

The internet and its seemingly boundless

data back to the online network through use

access to data and information brings

of the phone. The technological evolution

Brussels

forth many implications and questions

has also brought forth new notions about

about the future. One outcome is the era

virtual space and reality. Sometimes, these

of the Smart City, where technology is

arenas become blurred, as witnessed by

utilized to create more efficient systems.

the popular “Pokémon Go” application.

Our team wants to know how might we

This virtual game utilizes existing maps

combine information and communication

of real places and is connected in such a

technology with everyday city life? How

way that movement through the virtual

can we ensure the city is not only more

world requires movement through the

The internet and its seemingly boundless access to data and information brings forth many implications and questions about the future. One outcome is the era of the Smart City, where technology is utilized to create more efficient systems. To add to this discourse, our team wants to know how might we combine information and communication technology with everyday city life? How can we ensure the city is not only more efficient, but also considerate of human sensibilities? How could the Smart City improve the life of citizens, and what impacts could it produce globally?

The historical evolution of technology has changed dramatically over a short time period and has come to affect all of human society. The internet provides a vast scope of knowledge to so many people in an instant. With the evolution of the (smart) phone, information is literally in your pocket. This is a two-way street, however, given the phone owner is also providing data back to the online network through use of the phone.

efficient, but also considerate of human realworkworld. The game promotes walking how to combine these? What should a smart brussels on? exploring possibilities: sensibilities? How could the Smart City

and exploration by providing fun rewards.

improve the life of citizens, and what

The affect of people playing games in the

impacts could it produce globally? The

outdoor world has been remarkable, even

historical evolution of technology has Smart About Cities

inspiring, and Brussels is no exception.

The technological evolution has also brought forth new notions about virtual space and reality. Sometimes, these arenas become blurred, as witnessed by the popular “Pokémon Go” application. This virtual game utilizes existing maps of real places and is connected in such a way that movement through the virtual world requires movement through the real world. The game promotes walking and exploration by providing fun rewards. The affect of people playing games in the outdoor world has been remarkable, even inspiring, and Brussels is no exception.

appropriate density

compact energy growth efficiency

public spaces

Visualsing the Challenge for 21st C. Urbanism

changed dramatically over a short time sustainability efficient mobility

diversity

Maarten Hajer & Tom Dassen 2015

social cohesion

community spirit

CONDITIONS FOR CITY PROSPERITY

connectivity

period and has come to affect all of human pedestrian friendly

society. The internet provides a vast scope health & safety

communications

GLOBAL AGENDA Understanding

“Pokémon Go” as an

example of a technological tool that engages

I. Decouple prosperity of a city from use of resources II. Formulate a persuasive story line

of knowledge to so many people in an III. Use urban metabolisms to frame people with their built environment inspired decision-making democratic values

innovation

international connections

IV. Focus on crucial role of infrastructure instant. With the evolution of the (smart) our team to consider how a similar tool creative activities

technology

private sector

talent

phone, information is literally in your

could be built to address some of our initial

V. Consider smart technologies in context

VI. Establish an open and collaborative politics

pocket. This is a two-way street, however, The goal for the tool is to move VII. Create a globally networkedquestions. urbanism given the phone owner is also providing

38

the engagement beyond play and into an


on THIRD TRANSITION PERIOD

e with urban planning

Understanding “Pokémon Go” as an example of a technological tool that engages people with their built environment inspired our team to consider how a similar tool could be built to address some of our initial questions. The goal for the tool is to move the engagement beyond play and into an improved quality of life.

As Maarten Hajer describes in his essay, “On Being Smart About Cities,” understanding our urban metabolism is key to connecting spatial and environmental policy. From his perspective, the best city, and most prosperous needs to be the one which requires INTERNET the least non-renewable resources to function. This requires an 1974 with theconsumes world awareness of how much and how Computer: fastconnection a city such resources, 1975 CAR: technology of the future. Suburbs become attractive areas 1945 which is where technology can be particularly MOBILE useful. PHONE: future While communication this 1991 issue needs to be addressed at the global level, it must begin locally. It must begin with each citizen becoming more aware of the resources they themselves use on a day-to-day basis. However learning such information will not gain participation if it is in way inconvenient or simply not entertaining enough. As with to be addressed at the global level, it must improvedany quality of life. As Maarten Hajer Pokémon Go, building in rewards can be used to not only attract users but could also spur activity within thelocally. local Iteconomy. begin must begin with each citizen describes in his essay, “On Being Smart

motion

metabolism is key to connecting spatial and

they themselves use on a day-to-day basis.

non-renewable resources to function. This

enough. As with Pokémon Go, building in

requires an awareness of how much and

rewards can be used to not only attract users

how fast a city consumes such resources,

but could also spur activity within the local

which is where technology can be

economy.

An area of concern we have with this tool and others that are only environmental policy. From his perspective, However learning such information will accessible through the internet is excluding those who are not yet internet users. It is expected that soon will be available the best city, and most prosperous needs not Wifi gain participation if it is in any way publically throughout a city. We view this as a step forward as it promote more the people to knowledge we inconvenient or simplythat not entertaining to be thewill one which requires least having shared access all have a right to.

the next shift in urban thinking: App

particularly useful. While this issue needs

A LAYERED CITY

in

QR image can tell you more about howresources becoming more aware of the technology and urban planning should combine their capabilities.

For more information: this About Cities,” understanding our urban

Understanding “Pokémon Go” as an example of a technological tool that engages people with their built environment inspired our team to consider how a similar tool could be built to address some of our initial questions. The goal for the tool is to move the engagement beyond play and into an improved quality of life. As Maarten Hajer describes in his essay, “On Being Smart About Cities,” understanding our urban metabolism is key to connecting spatial and environmental policy. From his perspective, the best city, and most prosperous needs to be the one which requires the least non-renewable resources to function. This requires an awareness of how much and how fast a city consumes such resources, which is where technology can be particularly useful. While this issue needs to be addressed at the global level, it must begin locally. It must begin with each citizen becoming more aware of the resources they themselves use on a day-to-day basis. However learning such information will not gain participation if it is in any way inconvenient or simply not entertaining enough. As with Pokémon Go, building in rewards can be used to not only attract users but could also spur activity within the local economy. For more information: this QR image can tell you more about how technology and urban planning should combine their capabilities. An area of concern we have with this tool and others that are only accessible through the internet is excluding those who are not yet internet users. It is expected that soon Wifi will be available publically throughout a city. We view this as a step forward as it will promote more people having shared access to knowledge that we all have a right to.

39


pedestrian zone overwhelmed car zones car dominated road

METRO LINE 3

2016

Verboeckhoven

Colignon

Liedts

40


Bordet Vrede Linde Riga METRO LINE 3

map: Saar Huyghebaert

2016

41


42

METRO LINE 3


METRO LINE 3

mental map: Dimitri Voordeckers

43


METRO LINE 3

conceptual model Liedts

44


LIEDTS

METRO LINE 3

photo: Silke van Bruyssel

45


46

METRO LINE 3


Th â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Bo Fir fin wh Fu ins are

Th im tra ne mo ac the

METRO LINE 3

Re infl on are

An ha Ve the a on Th for wo for

Wh lin ha ex Wh the co mental map: Jolien Coppejans

47


METRO LINE 3

photo: Yaëlle Jacobs

48


COLIGNON

BR I ND BRUSSEL SE

U

Een zoektocht naar de stadsidentiteit.

Mensen zitten rustig in de zon op een terras, met een !link glas.

Spelende en >ietsende kinderen lopen van hier

daar, zonder gevaar. naar

METRO LINE 3

ATTENTION!!!

Ting Ting Een >ietser haast zich naar het plein, voor het halen van zijn trein.

Een vrouw ligt een boek te lezen in de zon, vanop haar balkon.

PIEUWIEU

Een politiewagen

WWIEUWPIEUWIEUWWIEUW

-

-

- - - - - zoeft voorbij, met volle razernij.

Een ouder koppel bekijkt de drukte amusant, vanop een

afstand.

Een stad bestaat uit verschillende dingen groot of klein, traag of snel Het is moeilijk te beschrijven het is BRUSSEL Brussel zit vol diversiteit en activiteit, dat is de kwaliteit van haar identiteit.

Thomas Verheye

49


METRO LINE 3

landmark insulation visual point parking spot 50


METRO LINE 3

mental map: Saar Huyghebaert

51


52

METRO LINE 3


VERBOECKHOVEN

OUT OF CLUTTER, FIND

SIMPLICITY.

FROM DISCORD, FIND

HARMONY.

IN THE MIDDLE OF DIFFICULTY. LIES

Albert Einstein

METRO LINE 3

OPPORTUNITY.

- Albert Einstein

conceptual model: Colignon

53


METRO LINE 3

photo: Silke van Bruyssel

54


RIGA

An Everyday Tale

Hier is een mens iedereen en niemand.

The sky is so contradictory.

Het is hier een komen en een gaan.

Everyday, It tells me a new story.

Hier regeert de dienstregeling.

Alone on the road, Somebody has died I fear.

Alleen vluchtigheid kan hier bestaan.

Lost their job today, another one sheds a tear.

Tijdelijkheid.

Dejected,  a couple’s split is near.

Onverstaanbare gesprekken verwaaien hier,

Cool winds gush in,

mengen zich met een zakelijke omroepstem.

A new couple’s nervous grin.

Piepende wielen van een bagagekar,

Afar, a new tide has turned.

mengen zich met het gillen van een rem.

Nearby, a lost one has returned.

Geroezemoes.

A Screeching cry, a baby has been born.

METRO LINE 3

Niemandsland

Decades have passed, some rambling has Hier kan een mens alleen zijn.

never gone.

Plotseling ontmoet ik iemand,

Today, A million hopes are the norm,

een niemand die ik niet goed ken.

And a trillion dreams are on queue to form.

Ik ben het zelf. Verbazing.

-Shilpa Mallya

- Albert C M Weijman, 07-10-2015

55


conceptual model: Riga


METRO LINE 3

photo: DaniĂŤlla Beltran

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LINDE

METRO LINE 3

conceptual model: Linde

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METRO LINE 3

photo: Vincent Prats

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VREDE

METRO LINE 3

mental map: Maaike Cauwels

conceptual model: Vrede

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METRO LINE 3

photo: Vincent Prats

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BORDET â&#x20AC;&#x153;The question of what kind of city we want cannot be divorced from that of what kind of social ties, relationship to nature, lifestyles, technologies and aesthetic values we desire. The right to the city is far more than the individual liberty to access urban resources: it is a right to change ourselves by changing the city. It is, moreover, a common rather than an individual right since this transformation inevitably depends upon the exercise of a collective power to reshape the processes METRO LINE 3

of urbanization. The freedom to make and remake our cities and ourselves is, I want to argue, one of the most precious yet most neglected of our human rights.â&#x20AC;? - David Harvey

conceptual model: Bordet

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photo: Thomas Verheye


photo: Thomas Verheye


photo: Thomas Verheye


photo: Thomas Verheye


photos: ValĂŠrie van Walleghem


photo: ValĂŠrie van Walleghem


photo: ValĂŠrie van Walleghem


A SELF-SUFFICIENT STREET FOR PEOPLE Jolien Coppejans

Metro line 3 will ensure a faster connection between Schaarbeek and Brussels, can move more people and is in the long-term more profitable than tramline 55. The disappearance of the tramline however will influence the livability of the concerned street that is different, unique because of the bunch of local activities. This makes the project METRO LINE 3

focus on the street along tramline 55 in which the main goal is to keep and enlarge the livability. Important is to create a street for people where public life can be rediscovered, stimulated and where the car space is proportional to the amount of people using the street. In these times though, with climate change, the urban heat island effect… it’s crucial that it becomes more. This project shows a strong believe in a synergy between creating a street for people and creating a self-sufficient street, a circular economy. The diagram, figure 2, shows the needed infrastructure to create this self-sufficiency and figure 1 shows how watersquares, Algae Paralsols, urban farming… all make sure that the street becomes an attraction pole, a street that is more alive than before, a self-sufficient street for people.

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Figure 1: A self-sufficient street for people.

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12 grocery stores thro 120 ton vegetables an Waste of vegetables and fruit = 13.2 ton/ year.

A soup shop can digest about 60 ton vegetables/ year...

Leftovers can be transformed into compost. = 7 ton/year

Waste of bread and cookies = 16.8 ton/ year

The bread of the inhabitants can be transformed into compost. = 4 ton/ year

Waste of bread, cakes and cookies = 116.8 ton/ year

...and is able to produce 328 litres of soup a day, good for 1093 portions.

The inhabitants have about 13 ton coffee grounds/ year.

METRO LINE 3

Superfluous fruit can be 11 ton old bread and given to schools and comvegetables/ year can be munity facilities. composted. (98 kg/ day) = 36 ton/ year

192 000 k is dispose

The bread outlet can digest about 42 ton old bread/ year. This is 1/2 of the wasted bread by the bakeries.

Leftovers of inhabitants and shops can be digested in the protein factory. = 30 ton/ year

3000 kg insects / proteins = 600 kg phosphor/ year

By brewing beer from old bread about 58 ton old bread/ year can be digested in which 13 ton bread/ year can be used 4100 bottles of beer can be made a day. in a bread fermentor to revive energy in which about 26 880 new breads can be baked or 4032 houses can be heated.

103 680 kg can be sold again (54%). = 103 ton CO2 saved

About 13 ton coffee grounds/ year can be digested in which 2600 kg of mushrooms can be produced. Also the substratum is perfect for chicories. About 2400 kg chicories can be produced/ year.

The phosphor can be used for 12 ha of urban farming. About 327 ton vegetables and fruit/ year can be produced by urban farming. 1/2 of the inhabitants can be fed.

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10 bakeries throw away 100 ton bread / year.

The goods that can be used cre shops, studios = 88 ton C


ow away about nd fruit / year. About 440 000 litres water/ day is used by the inhabitants. For the majority of the activities drinkable water is used. This is not efficient.

Food waste = 60 ton/ year

30% (30l/ day/ 15% 40% person) (17l/ day/ person) (44l/ day/ person)

The consequences of the ‘Heat Island Effect’ is partially caused by the fact that not enough rainwater can infiltrate. With watersquares the water could be buffered and infiltrate in the soil. About 1,7 million liter of water / 1000 m² can be buffered.

kg / year ed

If everybody would use rainwater for the toilet and the washing machine, 45% of the drinking water would be saved. = 198 000 litres water/ day

Organical waste

With 8 hectares of percolation fields / reed fields 600 000 litres water / day would be purified.

Superfluous water can infiltrate in the soil.

Textiles Electrical devices

Reuse by the inhabitants or for the urban farming.

Heavy rainfall can lead to about 1 355 900 liters of water / hour (35 mm/hour)

4000 inhabitants

The algae can be used to make food (ex. The Algae Factory), to produce medicins and to advance city farming.

10 bakeries & 12 grocery stores

can not be sold, eatively in works, labs... (46%). CO2 saved

By introducing more bicycle routes that make good connections more people will use it. 4 % industry en transport 7 % incinerator 15 % private movements 17 % residential 57 % service sector CO2 has a big influence on climate change, air quality and the health of inhabitants.

19 AMBITIONS

Wood

The Metro reduces the private movements.

The tram can become an important form of transport for goods. It can collect the trash, devide the goods over the different shops.... It is also possible to use it for evenAlgae Parasols can reduce ements, food markets... the CO2 with 275 kg CO2/ day/ ha algae.

15% is caused by transport of persons. 17% of the CO2 emmision is residential.

Industry, transport of goods and incinerators are 11% of the total CO2 emissions.

More energy efficient buildings (renovation, solar panels, wind energy...)

By using the heat that is now ‘thrown away’ into the river, the heat can be used to heat the homes nearby. Herefore the homes need less gass = less CO2.

Figure 2: Diagram of a circular economy developed to create a self-sufficient street.

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BRUSSELS GREEN LINE 1 Thomas Verheye

GREEN LINE 1 is the pilot project which connects the green outskirts of Brussels and the city center with each other. Thanks to the construction of this line between Brussels- North and Bordet, Brussels will be able to absorb its population growth in a sustainable way. This is in a region where the population is still increasing every METRO LINE 3

year. This brings the city right into the 21st century, an age in which a green

Green veins for the Brussels capital region

mobility, health, the environment and the human dimension plays an increasing role for large cities. Within this vision there are 3 objectives: creating a pleasant and easy walking and cycling connection, creating new green public space and creating an identity for the neighbourhood. Idea to create space for the neighbourhood

Concept Green line 1

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Principles Green line 1

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84

METRO LINE 3


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Green line 1 with 2 zooms (crossing, narrow residential street)

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THE RELAYERED CITY Dimitri Voordeckers

Growing urban areas are confronted with the vital aspect of transportation for the functioning of the city. Nowadays, Brussels has a strongly developed transportation system with a wide range of transportation possibilities. The overall policy in Brussels intends to focus on a high quantity of transport methods, in order METRO LINE 3

to arm itself for future developments. The ambition of this project is not to focus on the quantity, but on the quality of the system. By shifting transport methods, research towards a new efficient and coherent transportation system is conducted. A distinction is made between private and public transport, where the private transport is shifted to the underground layer and the public transport to the surface layer. The preliminary reasoning is tested as a pilot project within the area of the planned metro line 3. The potential added value on urban experience and on efficiency is represented by different developed cases. The main aim of this ambition is to illustrate the potentials of leaving the contemporary crusted policy, and to investigated new layering possibilities of transport systems.

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from layered to relayered

87


88

METRO LINE 3


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potentials of the relayered pilot project

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SUBWAY STATION AS NEW SOCIAL SPACE

METRO LINE 3

Valérie Vanwalleghem

After a first analysis it seems to be a

theme ‘sports’ is connected to the stop

good option to move the planned stop

at the Josaphatpark. Finally, the stop

‘Verboekhoven’ to the Josaphatpark.

Riga will become a creativity pool.

As the stop ‘Linde’ is located too close

4 functions are allocated to each stop.

to the stops ‘Vrede’ and ‘Bordet’, this

Subway stop Brussels-North will

stop can be eliminated.

become a ‘Co-Working Space’ where

After analyzing the environment some

waiting rooms, meeting rooms, lobby

planned stops distinguish themselves as

rooms and facilities for taking job

they could be of more significance to

interviews are provided.

the environment than merely transport

The environment near the Josaphatpark

capacity. Interesting new social space

already offers many sports facilities.

could occur at the stops at the Brussels-

This stop provides a fitness, a sitting

North station, Josaphatpark and Riga.

space, a park and a climbing wall.

A design principle is applied to this

The environment near the Riga stop

ambition for Brussels. The topic ‘work’

provides open studio spaces, think-

is related to the stop at Brussels-North

tanks, a cafe and exhibition space.

station. A design principle with the

- Town hall - Public swimming pool Neptuni - Pogge (statue) Popular figure

Bordet

- Main roads - Shopping mall - Fitness - Train station Bordet

- François Riga square - Schaarbeek station - Laken: castle, greenhouse, park...

Vrede

Linde Riga

Collignon

Brussel-Noord

- Business district of Brussels - Public transportation hub - Kruidtuin

This stop is deleted. Too close to “Riga” and “Vrede”.

Verboekhoeven Josaphatpark

- Josaphat park - Sports facilities - Academy instrum. music

Liedts

- Many eateries - Luca School of Arts - KULeuven Arch. Campus - Royal Saint Mary’s Church

- Two schools - Goede Herderpark - Center ‘Espace Toots’ - Vrede square

Scheme after first analysis

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- Business district of Brussels - Public transportation hub - Kruidtuin

- Main roads - Shopping mall - Fitness - Train station Bordet

Vrede

Linde Riga

Collignon

Brussel-Noord

Liedts

Verboekhoeven Josaphatpark

This stop is deleted. Too close to “Riga” and “Vrede”.

Bordet

- Josaphat park - Sports facilities - Academy instrum. music

- Many eateries - Luca School of Arts - KULeuven Arch. Campus - Royal Saint Mary’s Church

- Town hall - Public swimming pool Neptuni - Pogge (statue) Popular figure

- François Riga square - Schaarbeek station - Laken: castle, greenhouse, park...

- Two schools - Goede Herderpark - Center ‘Espace Toots’ - Vrede square

Bordet

Bordet Vrede

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Scheme elaborated stops

Vrede

Linde

Linde

Creative Brussels

Riga

Riga

Verboekhoven

Collignon

Collignon

Liedts

Liedts

Brussel-Noord Co-Working Brussels

Brussel-Noord

Josaphatpark Wait, Sports Brussels

Verboekhoven

Planned stops

Elaborated stops

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CO-WORKING BRUSSELS

WAITING SPACE

Section ‘Co-Working Brussels’

FITNESS METRO LINE 3

EASY-FIT BRUSSELS Section ‘Easy-Fit Brussels’

THINK-TANK CREATIVE BRUSSELS Section ‘Creative Brussels’

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MEETING SPACE

LOBBY AREA

APPLICATION SPACE

Functions ‘Co-Working Brussels’

SITTING AREA

PARK

CLIMBING WALL 19 AMBITIONS

Functions ‘Easy-fit Brussels’

ATELIERS

CAFÉ

EXHIBITIONS

Functions ‘Creative Brussels’

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NO PARKING SPACE BUT PUBLIC SPACE. Saar Huyghebaert

Today Brussels is overwhelmed by car parks that occupy a prominent place in the public space of the city. My ambition is to make Brussels more liveable by creating extra public space. Therefore it is necessary to change the mobility policy drastically and to reduce car parks. Today the car is 95% of the time stationary. When used, the average

pedestrian zone overwhelmed car zones car dominated road

METRO LINE 3

distance is 6 km in Brussels. We overuse

2016

Todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s condition of Brussels trafic.

the car which leads to so many problems such as traffic jams, etc. We know that, in the coming decades, the population of Brussels will only grow stronger. To ensure that everyone can move in a safe enjoyable way, without losing more public space, we have to think about a new mobility plan. Car sharing is a good system that still provides private use

pedestrian zone car sharing zone free access zone

but which is at the same time collective.

2035

Application of the car sharing system in 2035.

10 individual cars are being replaced by one shared car. Thereby, private cars can be slowly banned over the years so that the public space will grow again. The metro network itself can also improve and should be used as an alternative for trucks. This would also contribute for a large part in solving the mobility problem. At the end, this will lead to more new open and healthier space for the citizens.

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freight distribution

pedestrian zone car sharing zone free access zone

2055

Transportation network in 2055.


10 individual cars

Parking situation along metroline. - 6.420 parking places - 93.600 m2 occupied

= 1 shared car

Todayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s parking situation.

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2016

Parking situation along metroline. - 6.240 parking places - 7.900 m2 occupied 84.234 m2 free

2055 Future parking situation in 2055.

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Parking

METRO LINE 3

2016

Public Space in 2016.

Terrace/Supplement Store Parking Food Greenery

Recover Square Bikesharing Sport

2025

Playground

Public Space in 2025.

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Bikelane

Recover Square

2035

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Public Space in 2035.

Distribution Center

2055

Public Space in 2055.

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CONNECTING THROUGH PLAY Daniella Beltran

The Metroline 3 will not only improve movement through northern Brussels, it will provide opportunities to socialize in new, fun ways. Accessible places for play, across the age spectrum, becomes difficult for a city to offer as development increases. However, it is critical that these places exist. Play is crucial to bonding relationships and

“We don’t stop playing because we grow old, we grow old because we stop playing.” - Geroge Bernard Shaw

METRO LINE 3

fostering tolerance. Participation in play has been found to increase a person’s brain matter. Furthermore, play fosters creativity and the ability to overcome challenges. Forunately Brussels values play. Brussels Environment promotes a Games Mesh strategy that was created in 2014 to address the uneven distribution of quality playgrounds and skate parks across the city. Connecting Through Play creatively applies the goals of The Games Mesh to the accessibility offered by the Metroline 3, establishing a new play network. Participation in play can be the destination, or part of the journey.

Connecting Through . . . Dance [Liedts] Daydreaming [Colignon] Rainy Day Play [Verboekhoven] The Ups and Downs [Riga] Play in The Woods [Tilleul-new] Classic Games [Paix] Overcoming Obstacles [Bordet] LARPing [mobile] Pop-Up Play [project specific] Site plan for the proposed play network for Northern Brussels

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Dancing places at Liedts Station

Prompts to daydream throughout Colignon Station

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intellectually and during spare time. Fun

murals that tell historical tales of dance.

ideas can be written down and taken

As the rider travels up they will begin to

home or left for others to view on the

hear music. Covered stages and colorful

Post-It walls underground.

patterns encourage dancing. LED

“The Woods” brings a new type of play

boards keep the space alive at night, and

place that will attract users region-wide

feature dance in video. On the stages

while providing a central place for locals

are figurines that dance when a user

who want to engage in both active and

interacts with motion detectors on the

passive play. Attractions include zip

floorboards. Pop-up demonstrations will

lines, dirt biking trails, paintball fields,

also take place here.

a skate park, rope towers, a sky maze, a

Colignon encourages daydreaming while

bushcrafting and fishing. “The Grove”

riders await their train. This simple

contains these activities safe for younger

intervention suggests fun can be had

participants.

METRO LINE 3

Underground at Liedts Station are large

“The Woods” adventure park, a regional play place

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Escaping to the former rails, now trails and adventure near the Tilleul stop

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ENRICH LOCAL ATMOSPHERES Silke Van Bruyssel

The new metroline will have a big impact on the different neighbourhoods. It is a large-scale element which is added in small-scale neighbourhoods. On the basis of some interviews we can conclude that the inhabitants are

A pl A pl A pl

afraid of the new metroline which will be added in their neighbourhood. An METRO LINE 3

urban designer should be able to see this as a way to social cohesion in a

A place where people use the open space

neighbourhood. It is necessary that the atmospheres, characterising the different neighbourhoods, is maintained, despite the arrival of the metro. We can only reach this goal if the designer looks for the typical atmosphere per neighbourhood and uses this in the design of the metro stop.

A place where people come for administrative reasons A place where people come to marry A place where people come to go to the market

In that way, the metro will be integrated into the different neighbourhoods and the social cohesion can be increased.

A place where people meet A place where people shop A place with a lot of multiculturalism

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A place where itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s quite A place where are a lot cultural activities

A large open space with big buildings

lace where people are getting to know eachother lace where children play lace where people come to relax

19 AMBITIONS

Search the atmosphere of every neighbourhood and use that in the design of each metro station

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METRO LINE 3

Possible spatial translation for Liedts where it’s important that people can sit and meet eachother, there’s place for extra economical activity and there’s a link between the underground and groundfloor

Possible spatial translation for Colignon where it’s important that the Town Hall keeps his architectural value, there’s a rustic atmosphere and there’s place for local activities

Possible spatial translation for Verboekhoven where it’s important that the metro hasen’t got a big influece

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Possible spatial translation Riga where it’s important that the green character keeps maintained, it stays the heart of the neighbourhood and local activities can be integrated in the metro

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Possible spatial translation Vrede where it’s important that the focus stays on the cultural atmosphere and the local feeling stays

Possible spatial translation Bordet where it’s important that large-scale elements gets mixed with small-scaled elements and the open area gets used

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METRO PART OF THE CITY - ART AS INSTRUMENT Annelien Uvin

This is a call to use art as a possible way

what impact it has on a place or on

to make the metro a part of the city.

people. The main properties that the art has to posses, are ‘to connect’,

This can be done on three different

‘to trigger’ and ‘to activate’. These

layers. The first layer is the city. Except

properties are also noticeable in the

the entrances of the metrostation, the

daily life in the city. By bringing these

connection with this conveyance does

elements into the metro, the art can

not exist. The second layer are the

make it a real part of the city.

METRO LINE 3

stations. These spaces are only used for waiting and movement from the ground

The second matrix shows where which

level to the platforms. The anonimity

properties of the art are most suitable.

here is very large and the social control

It is important to look at the character

is minimal. The third and last layer is

of that particular place before randomly

situated on a depth of 25 to 30 meters

spreading the art/installations. The art

below the ground level. This is the layer

responds to what’s already there.

of the tunnels. The underground world has no relation with the life above.

The section shows with references how

Those three layers have their own world

the final image may look when the art

of existing, who each represent a whole

makes the metro a part of the city.

different public space. By using art, each layer can make a mutual connection and blur the hard limits between them. The art interventions can be as well striking as quite invisible by trying to reshape the infrastructure of the metro to make it a part of the city. The first matrix shows what art is needed to make the metro a part of the city. It shows what the art must do or

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New metroline 3 and tramline 55


METRO PART OF THE CITY ART as an INSTRUMENT

TO CONNECT

SPATIAL

VISUAL

IMPRESSION

TO TRIGGER

FUNCTIONAL

TO RECOGNIZE

...

PERCEPTION

DESTINATION TO HEAR TO SITUATE PLACE TO MEET

TO ACTIVATE

EMOTION

TO SEE

TO SMILE / TO BE HAPPY

...

TO AMAZE

TO INTERACT ...

MOVEMENT TO SPORT

TO PLAY

CITY

NOORDSTATION

LIEDTS

RIGA

BORDET

STREETS

-Business-Travel-Hurry-

-Urban-Public Square- A lot of young people-

-Green-A lot of young children-Playground-

-Shopping-Leisure Time-

-Living Area-

PLACE TO MEET VISUAL CONNECTION BY SIGHT LINES TO HEAR

VISUAL CONNECTION BY IMPRESSION VISUAL CONNECTION BY RECOGNITION SPATIAL CONNECTION TO SEE

SPATIAL CONNECTION DESTINATION TO SEE

FUNCTIONAL CONNECTION TO SPORT TO INTERACT TO HEAR

VISUAL CONNECTION BY IMPRESSION VISUAL CONNECTION BY RECOGNITION TO MOVE

VISUAL CONNECTION BY RECOGNITION TO ACTIVATE TO SMILE

/

VISUAL CONNECTION BY SIGHT LINES TO SITUATE TO SEE TO SMILE

TUNNEL

/

PLACE TO MEET

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Features that the artwork has to possess, to make the metro a part of the city.

FUNCTIONAL CONNECTION TO AMAZE TO SITUATE TO ACTIVATE PERCEPTION

/

DESTINATION TO AMAZE TO SEE TO SMILE TO SITUATE

The different character of the places, requires other art properties

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108

METRO LINE 3


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References in section - Metrostation Riga

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UNDER CONSTRUCTION 2.0 Annelie Gaudissabois

When we think of a construction site, we often get negative feelings. But why is this? Maybe because of nuisances it brings to the city. Noisy machinery, a lot of dirt on the ground, closed of fences, people don’t know what is going on, etc. We can tell a lot of things that annoys people about a construction site. But why is it still done this way if METRO LINE 3

it irritates so many people? In under construction 2.0 we created a different way of handling a construction sites by using three phases of construction: before the construction, during the works and after it’s finished but not used yet. By using these three phases we wanted to create a bigger support system between the construction works and the people in the neighbourhood. Know a day’s construction works and the neighbourhood aren’t connected with each other. By using a different approach they can work more together.

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111


METRO LINE 3

2018

2019

2020

112


2024

2022

2025

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2021

Visualisation of Liedts. This construction site has been elaborated in the three fases by using reference project tributing in the theme chosen for Liedts. Each phase has itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own reference projects contributing by the general theme.

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METRO AS SYSTEM FOR WASTE TRANSPORT Kai Saillart

When walking around in Schaarbeek and Evere, something that was really common were the dirtbags lying in the streets, accompanied by even more dirt. With more than 1 million people living in Brussels, 350.000 Commuters and 3,3 million visitors, the way Brussels deals with waste is an important issue. The garbage in the streets damages the METRO LINE 3

experience of Brussels. This should be something that needs to change:

The different stops of metro line 3 in Schaarbeek-Evere

collecting waste in a better way so that it improves the streetscape and the way people deal with waste. And connecting all this with the story of metro line 3. When thinking about how we collect waste nowadays, it seems absurd and medieval that we still put the bags outside of our house and wait for trucks to pick it up and clean the streets for

Schaarbeek on friday afternoon: waste in the street

us. 450.000 tonnes of waste is what NetBrussel collects in one year. This could be different. When thinking about a new way to deal with waste and how to transport it, the connection with the new metro line seems logical. In the underground infrastructure it is possible to place pipes and link these metro line 3 (in green): connection with Brussels airport?

114


This idea could start as a pilot

are connected with the bins in

project together with the creation

the street and collect waste. This

of metroline 3. It could be

way people can bring their bags

expanded through the whole city of

whenever they want and put them

Brussels. The piping system could

in the right box and it will be

be implemented and connected

transported through the vacuum

through the whole city of Brussels.

(!) pipe network by the transport

If this ambition could become real,

of air.

it might be a good idea to be a little

The system consists of a number

more ambitious in case of metro 3.

of collection points, linked together

It might be a good idea to expand

by piping that transports the waste

the scope and make a connection

to a central collection station. Here

with Brussels Airport. This is a

the waste can be further sorted,

popular destination, and also this is

reused and can be used for a

an important point where a lot of

further recycling process.

waste is collected everyday.

1

2. WASTE: For each bag there is a different bin: organic waste, paper, residual waste and PMD.

2

3. NEW BOXES TO COLLECT WASTE:

3

instead of putting your garbage on the street, you can put it in the collecting points nearby your metro station.

4. UNDERGROUND PNEUMATIC WASTE SYSTEM: the garbage that

4

1. METROLINE 3 A new metro line will connect the North station with Bordet. The line will follow the route of tram 55. The infrastructure could be used for a second purpose: collecting waste .

â&#x20AC;&#x153;PUTTING YOUR GARBAGE IN THE STREETS AND GARBAGE TRUCKS PICKING IT UP? THAT IS SO 2016.â&#x20AC;?

comes in the pipes gets collected. When the vacuum turns on, an air inlet valve is opened to allow transport air to enter the system. The bags go into the horizontal network of pipes and are sucked to the collection station.

6. NEW ENERGY FOR BXL: one

can produce literally energy out of the collected waste, but also saved energy: no more garbage trucks in the city; a cleaner city and a more modern approach of collecting waste.

5. COLLECTION STATION:

the pipes lead to the collection station. This can be a factory where the waste is recycled, but also a new local business that uses for example the organic waste to produce food.

19 AMBITIONS

with collection points. The pipes

5 6

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LEARNING ALONG THE METRO Ellen Van Mulders Linde

The current need for new schools in

Bordet

Van Praet Noord

Brussels is highest in Sint-Joost-ten-Node and Schaarbeek, the future need will be highest in Evere due to demographic

schools+metro 3 primary school high school

growth. Brussels needs high capacity schools and also schools that offer an alternative teaching method. They should provide a METRO LINE 3

stimulus to the neighborhood by offering a multifunctional use after school hours, linked to the surroundingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s potential. The buildings should be located, oriented and

public transport metro (600m) tram (300m)

sized in such a way that they themselves can be transformed if ever the school demand lowers again. Where to plan these large schools? Some current schools can be expanded (but few are suitable), office buildings can be reconverted and most importantly, large scale city projects should include new

possibilities city project empty offices school expansion

schools. These new city projects and also all (high) schools need good public transport. The centre itself has a large enough offer of public transport. So if there needs to be a metro 3 at all, it should make a quick connection between the northeast and the city centre.

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new schools, new metro (source: own material)


offices (rented) terrace offices (empty) entrance hall and cantine

roof playground cantine and library hall classes, chill zone and startups terrace classes and chill zone polyvalent room and playground entrance and gym

Noord: empty office building before (top), business school, startups and offices now (bottom) (source: own material)

19 AMBITIONS

20m

startups offices housing leisure & culture high school

Noord: empty office tower to offices shared with start-ups and 2000 student high school (source: own material)

117


empty grassfield dated school building, undersized and completely paved playground

METRO LINE 3

20m community center and garden

empty park

roof garden workarea and classes food lab and workshop entrance and multi-use kitchen and cantine gym orchard playground

adventure park

Linde: in need of renewal before (top), primary school with a food theme now (bottom) (source: own material)

primary school leisure and culture

Linde: 300 pupils primary school and kindergarten becomes 800 pupils school interacting with the neighborhood (source: own material)

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9

3 2

1

7

4 6

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8

5

1

The gym in the new building exists of a 9m high sports hall and is accessible from outside. Adjacent are the changing rooms,... and a large ‘dojo’. This last room can also be used for relaxation activities like snoozling.

5

The kindergarten is located in the renovated old school with the two orchards as part of their space. These orchards are open after hours and for the harvest the school organizes a big neighborhood festival.

2

The 300m² entrance on top of the dojo doubles as a 4m high multipurpose room with play installations and looks out on the gym.

6

The cantine (360m²) can be found between the two orchards, it is part of the food themed section of the building that is accessible for the public.

3

Seven floors relocate the primary school from the old building to the new. On each floor there are five spacious classrooms (75m²) that form a community with its own multi-use hall where the sanitary and smaller collaboration rooms can be found.

7

A new roof along the first floor provides covered outdoor space for the kindergarten (located on the groundfloor) and doubles as circulation for the first floor.

8

Above the cantine there is a food lab and a workshop. Visitors can attend food happenings and lab sessions after school hours and in the weekends.

9

The roof garden and greenhouse with hydroponics are part of the educational project of the school but also open for visits during food happenings.

4

The teaching staff, direction, library and video room can be found on the ground floor and first floor, behind the gym and entrance.

Linde: exploded view (source: own material)

119


METRO AS PERSONAL TRAINER Nele Coen 11%

People are getting fatter and fatter and move less. Nearly half of the Brussels population is obese. What is the reason behind this growing bulge? Are the existing sports not accessible enough? There are different sports clubs, swimming pools, ... but these functions are only available if you are registered in a sports club or paid entrance fee. The METRO LINE 3

price makes the threshold for certain populations too high. The current sports

37% 36%

28% 48%

36%

52%

Graphics obesity and movement Only 36% of the population (age 15 and older) spend at least 30 minutes each day at exercises. 30 minutes is the daily recommended minimum amount of exercise. 28% of the population (age 15 and older) don’t do any kind of exercise in their free time. This leads to health risks. Due this lack of exercises 48 % of the population is overweight and 11% of them are obese. Source : Gisle, L., Demrest, S. (ed.), 2013, Gezondheidsenquête 2013, Rapport 2: Gezondheidsgedrag en leefstijl, Brussel, Wetenschappelijk instituut volksgezondheid Source : Algemene Directie Statistiek en Economische Informatie, 2008, Statisch overzicht van België: Kerncijfers 2008, Brussel, FOD Economie Interference

Size of interference

Day or night influence

Groups or individual

Accesable (public transport)

Passive or active interference

Goal audience

Influence on environment

opportunities are located in the center of Brussels and around the surrounding parks. Along the planned subway route aren’t enough sports facilities. The work for the metro will be an opportunity here to change that, combined with the construction of the underground, a sport network can be created. By placing the sport in the public space the threshold is reduced. This network will be built on the basis of 11 principles and 4 scales (metro/ metrostation/neighborhood/Brussels). These principles all affect on how people will move through space and will be encouraged to play sports. Matrix potential interventions These interventions have a different impact on eg. the goal audience, employability, ... This analysis was decisive in the choice of interventions for the sport network.

120


1. The seats in the subway have been reduced to a minimum and replaced with poles, sitting balls, swings and a plate on rollers. These elements ensure that we have to make an extra effort on the metro and will therefore contribute to our minimun of 30 minutes of exercise a day.

Principle 1. Interference in metro

2. By removing the escalators and replacing them with ordinary stairs, people are obliged to exercise more. There will be an elevator in each subway station, though it will come slower.

removed from the metro stations and were replaced by stairs, fire poles, slides, swings, music tiles, sitting balls ... Principle 2. No more escalators

19 AMBITIONS

3. All passive rest areas have been

This way people will think about their sport pattern while waiting on the metro.

Principle 3. Interference in metro stop

121


Principle 4. Metro stop coming out in gym

METRO LINE 3

4. What could be easier than a mero stop located in a sports center. By combining these functions, the threshold in order to work out is reduced. 5. By making small changes in metro stations, the space will be experienced differently and people will move more. 6. Today the subway stops at closely spaced intervals, at only 15 minutes walk from each other. Is this density

Principle 5. Measures for movement

necessary, can’t we walk that far anymore? The metro still works by

Legend Plannend metro stops - Line 3 New metro stops - Line 3

reducing the amount of stops.

7. Many parents put their children off

± 15

min.

± 15

min.

± 15

min.

± 15

min.

± 15

min.

Today

by car at school. They don’t let their children walk or bike to school, because it is too dangerous. But what if there is a pedestrian street between a metro stop and the school. Children can start the day on a fit and safe way.

122

± 30

min.

± 30

min.

2025

Principle 6. Spreading out of metro stops


8. The ideal place to spend your leisure time or for sports. This park has a large running track, sportfields, skating place, ... This diversity ensures that it is the ideal place to work out. 9. Along the metro line it isnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t always possible to provide open air sports. The existing infrastructure is often not public. In the urban fabric however are large roofs and basements that arenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t used, we Principle 7. Pedestrian street from metrostation to school

can fill them with sports.

19 AMBITIONS

Principle 8. Sportpark

Today

Greenwalk Brussels

Principle 9. Different use of roofs/basements around metroline

2025

Cycling fastlane Brussels - Leuven

Cycling Network

Principle 10. Cycling network

Principle 11. Additions MIVB app

10. A large bicycle network through

11. Sport supplement to the STIB app

Brussels, utilizing the existing green walk

ensures that people are encouraged to

and fietsostrade to Leuven, plus some

start moving. As a reward they earn

new routes to make Brussel bicycle

points. These points can be exchanged for

friendly.

a ticket or a discount on a subscription.

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STUDENTS AS MOTOR FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT

METRO LINE 3

Maaike Cauwels

Vacancy of houses and offices, the

financial stability, strenghten the

extension of metroline 3 and the need

community and set up interaction with

of student housing are three of the

the city dwellers and the city. Every

many challenges Brussels is facing. How

metrostop has a different scale and

can these challenges result in one big

dynamic. To define the placement and

potential for Brussels? My ambition

implementation of student housing

consists of giving vacant buildings and

in vacant buildings, there are 4 criteria

offices a second life through temporary

(scale, dynamic, presence of colleges and

student housing with the metroline as

vacancy). The metroline can become

a dynamic support. The groundfloor

a dynamic axis where vacant buildings

of the student housing consists of a

are replaced by vibrant student houses

common space where students and city

with collective spaces to strenghten the

dwellers can meet. I want to use student

neighborhood and create a social mix.

housing as an opportunity to activate

Thanks to the metro the student houses

the neighborhood and to stimulate living

wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t become an island on its own, but

together. The collective space will create

will be connected to the city.

VACANCY

SCHAAL

BRUSSEL-NOORD

LIEDTSPLEIN

++++

+++

+

EXTENSION METROLINE 3

COLIGNON

VERBOEKHOVEN VERBOEKHOVEN VERBOEKHOVEN ++

++

Schaal

SCALE SCALESCALE

SCALE

DYNAMIEK DYNAMIEK

SCHOLEN

++++

DYNAMICS ++++ DYNAMICS DYNAMICSSCHOLEN SCHOLEN DYNAMICS LEEGSTAND

LEEGSTAND COLLEGES COLLEGESCOLLEGES COLLEGES

++

VACANCY VACANCY VACANCY ++++ VACANCY

++++ ++++

++

++++ ++++ ++++

++++ ++++

++++ ++++++++

++++ ++++

LEEGSTAND

++

++++

++++

++++++

++++ ++++

+++

- ++ +++ Dynamiek +++ ++ ++ Dynamiek Dynamiek

+++ ++++

++ +++

+++ ++ - ++ ++

++++ ScholenScholen Scholen

++

++++ ++ ++++++++ +++++++ Leegstand Leegstand Leegstand

++

++

++ ++ ++

++

++ - +

++++

++

++

++

++ -++

-

++

+++

+++

+

+

++ ++

++ ++ ++ +++

++

+++ ++

RIGA

RIGA

BRUSSEL-NOORD LIEDTSPLEIN COLIGNON ++ COLIGNON Schaal BRUSSEL-NOORD LIEDTSPLEIN++++ ++++ ++ DYNAMIEK ++ SchaalCOLIGNON BRUSSEL-NOORD BRUSSEL-NOORD LIEDTSPLEIN COLIGNON BRUSSEL-NOORD LIEDTSPLEIN LIEDTSPLEIN COLIGNON VERBOEKHOVEN BRUSSEL-NOORD LIEDTSPLEIN COLIGNON VERBOEKHOVEN VERBOEKHOVEN SCHAAL SCHAAL

+ NEED OF STUDENT HOUSING

+++

++

+

RIGA ++

++

++

++

-

+-

+

-

++

-

++ -

++

-

+++

++ Schaal

++

RIGA

LINDE

RIGA

+

++

VREDE LINDE RIGA

++ ++ Dynamiek ++ ++ Schaal ++ ++ ++ Scholen ++ Dynamiek ++ ++ +++ Leegstand +++ +++ Scholen

++

+

+

+++

++ ++ ++

+++

+++ + ++

+++

BORDET

++ ++ --

-

BORDET

VREDE LINDE LINDE

-

++ -

Leegstand

+++

+

++

LINDE VREDE LINDE + + +

VREDE ++ + ++ ++ ++ ++ ++ -

-

-

++

+

+

++

++

++ +++

-

-

++

+++

every metrostop has its own influence circle depending on 4 criteria

124

-

BORDET

BORDET

+++

+++

++

++

+++

+++


STUDENT HOUSING

COLLECTIVE SPACE FOR STUDENT & CITY DWELLER Functions that need to be aligned with the needs and dynamics of the neighborhood.

19 AMBITIONS

example of student housing in Vrede with a common space based on a small scale and dynamics

common space in the student house in Vrede: working spaces for student and entrepreneurs of the neighborhood

125


METRO LINE 3

example of student housing in Brussel-Noord with a common space based on the interaction between workers and students

126


example of student housing in Riga with a common space based on the presence of a college

19 AMBITIONS

common space in the student house in Riga: library and study/reading place where citizens and students meet

common space in the student house in Brussel Noord: place for students and workers with coworkingspaces, meeting spaces, bar (axonometry on the left)

127


DENSIFY THE METRO STOP Sanne Vervaet New proposal metro

This project focuses on the future densification of the city of Brussels. The population growth in Schaarbeek is increasing with 18,17 % by 2030.1 The planned metro line can be an appliance to densify the area around the stop. In this way the metro stop becomes the point of departure for the densification of the area. In order METRO LINE 3

to know which stops are qualified to be the bearer of densification, a small

New proposal metro line 3

Influence zone new metro proposal

research was held for each stop. This resulted in the cancellation of four stops (Liedts, Colignon, Linde en Vrede) and the replacement by two new stops (Houffalize and Stroobants). The new proposal of metro line 3 is based on the metro stops, which have the best opportunities to densify their environment. This new metro line has a length of 4 kilometers and

This scheme represents the proposal of the new metro line. Based on the documentation of stop, four stops (Liedts, Colginon, Linde en Vrede) will be canceled and replaced by two new stops: Houffalize and Stroobants. The yellow circles around the metro stop represent the influence zone. This zone has a distance of 300 metres around the stop and will be influenced the most by the densification of the area.

Influence zone metro stops (300 meters around stops)

contains 6 stops. All the metro stops have an influence zone of 300 metres around this stop. This area is the most susceptible to densification. General principles to obtain a sustainable densification are written down. In this project, the stop ‘Verboekhoven’ will

EXPECTED AMOUNT OF HOUSING UNITS BY 2030: 140 (source: GDOP Brussels Gewest)

be designed and will serve as a strategic example for the other stops. 1

128

www.observatbru.be

Documentation of metro stop ‘Verboekhoven’


Tramline 32

Railway station

The densification is connected with a developed public transport system and the surrounding public space

Metro stop

Plenty of green for the inhabitants

19 AMBITIONS

Vacant buildings can be reused as housing units or (temporary) commercial facilities

Densification is combined with the development of new urban facilities

A social mix is necessary to obtain a sustainable densification

Principles of densification: translated to stop â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Verboekhovenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

129


Phase 0: 2016

1657 units and 4076 inhabitants 58,60 units and 144 inhabitants per hectare

Phase 1: 2030

1797 units and 4420 inhabitants 63,55 units and 156 inhabitants per hectare

METRO LINE 3

Phase 2: 2050

1997 units and 4912 inhabitants 70,63 units and 173 inhabitants per hectare

Phase 3: 2070

2197 units and 5404 inhabitants 77,70 units and 191 inhabitants per hectare

existing building

parcel

railway zone

tram line

commercial

school

culural

new housing

social housing

shared space

public green

vacancy

Phases of densification â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Verboekhovenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

130


The design of the ‘Verboekhoven’ stop and its environment consists of four phases. Each year, the Brussels Capital Region has a need of 6000 houses.2 When we calculate the need for this area, each year 10 houses will be needed. Phase 0 is the current situation in 2016. In the first phase, 140 housing units are build by 2030. The shared space around the metro stop is defined by building blocks, commercial facilities and three new buildings. The shared space is made out of one material and is an area where the vulnerable road users have priority. The vacant buildings will also be reused 19 AMBITIONS

and renovated in this phase. By 2050, the second phase, another 200 housing units are added to the urban fabric. This period focuses on closing the existing building blocks were possible. Also the height of some buildings will be extended and a new ‘tower’ filled with lofts, regular and social apartments will be developed. In the third and last phase, which takes place in 2070, two new building parcels and blocks will be developed in the urban fabric. In order to obtain these new housing units, the current railway has to be covered. A new street will divide the housing blocks into two. Housing units will also be added on top of commercial facilities. This last phase will provide 200 housing units. Over a period of 54 years, 540 housing units will be added. 2

www.gpdo.be

Pictures of model

131


BXL, WORLD’S CAPITAL OF SMART MOBILITY: A² Jorg Roets Metroline 3, solving the future by following a plan of the past? This proposed design gives a modern strategy to solve Brussels’s mobility problems by not being conservative. We have to be open to the fastest growing revolution: smart technology.

existing and proposed hierarchical structure of the streets

We have to create a logical and hierarchical structure where the law of the most sustainable is legible. If we METRO LINE 3

want to change the streets from a monofunctional space to a multi-functional place we have to transform the way

Don’t think of a new car, think of new mobility, mobility as a service, not a possession

streets urge. The autonomous shared car is so revolutionary that it cannot only change the way we move, but completely change private- and public spaces. So I suggest to think in advance, work together and strengthen each other, so every player in the quadruple helix gains. The problem isn’t the movement but the possession of the product that gives

caption in english aligned rigth from image

us this service. If we design a system that gives us the same luxury of getting from A to B but without the cons of a personal car and with new privileges why wouldn’t the public change? In this summary and the associated website you can see and read what a city, with the impulse of good spatial planning, can do to stimulate this way of moving and create ‘More City’.

132

revolutionary autonomous shared cars can change the city completely


19 AMBITIONS

schematic representation of the transformation of the city in the four phases

Four phases of transition with the according mindset towards A2 and the actual changes in the streets

caption in english aligned rigth from image

133


Phased transformation of a big local street in Brussels Phase 1

Phase 1: This is a two-way street with parking spaces on both sides. In this street 75% of the street is designed to serve private cars. There is no dedicated cycling space so cyclists have to claim their place in a car dominated environment. The street is a grey place that is merely for transportation.

METRO LINE 3

Phase 2

Phase 2: One parking lane is transformed into a dedicated bike road, this is possible with the cost of a bucket of paint. By giving cyclists a save and private place in the streets, they don’t have to fight cars or pedestrians to move around. Biking is stimulated. A² is introduced in the streets and is competing with cars. In the other parking lane, parking’s that are exclusively for A² vehicles are introduced to give this method advantages and to discourage private car use.

Phase 3

Phase 3: Parking lanes are completely removed in the streets. The A² transport can go in both ways, but the private car is only capable of moving in one direction. Thereby the system becomes extra efficient and reliable. Private car use is discouraged by making it very difficult to move around and park. The first trees are introduced in the streets to create a more pleasant space. Biking is stimulated by giving cyclists a good, save and dedicated place to move.

134


Phase 4

19 AMBITIONS

Phase 4: The streets becomes completely car free. Only A² transport is permitted on 30% of the streetscape. The other 70% of the streets is designed to serve on a human scale. Bike lanes are created on both sides to create a functional and qualitative place. A new street concept ‘common slow traffic’ is introduced in the streets. This is a shared place between the walkway and the bike-road. This is an extra bruto-space for both, that can be used if needed (to pass by another biker, walk with 3 next-to each other…) This space is also serving as a temporary place where A² vehicles can station for max 15minutes to unload goods, but A² is guest. This strip is also the ideal spot to place trees and benches. It is a very multifunctional space that’s serving humans, not cars.

See more transformations on http://jorgroets.wixsite.com/futuremobilitybxl 135


â&#x201A;Ź 60 MILLION TO SPEND Janett K. Said

Time has changed the neighborhood, the need for the Tilleul and Paix stations is currently overshadowed by the need to improve the state of social housing in the areas north of these planned stations. We propose merging the two stops into a single station 120 mts. north

1,084,635

of the original route alignment. This

2,379,035

proposal would bring the metro closer

5,554,195 557,166

METRO LINE 3

to high-density residential areas.

669,386 1,923,428

Further, the proposal reinvests leftover

13,556,595

funds to address the original intention

7,880,216 Euro 3,597,273

of the line expansion: improving the quality of life in the neighborhood. Inspired by successes found in communal facilities used by cohousing programs in other European cities, the project propose to retrofit currently blighted ground-level sites in social housing buildings and replace them with a network of communal-use facilities to

Financial details of proposal

help mitigate the lack of amenities and services in the area. The proposal also

Schaerbeek

seeks to empower existing resident-led initiatives focused in urban agriculture

Riga Liedts

spaces and making a more efficient use of open areas.

Doolegt

Verboekhoven

and ecology, while improving public

Tilleul Colignon

Paix

Bordet

Noord

Scheme of proposed changes

136


Common Room East & West (2) 6,778 sq. mt. | € 13,556,594 State of the art large shared kitchens, subsidized laundry, playrooms, free coffee, wi-fi. Accesible through ground levels, not limited to social housing residents.

Community Workrooms (2) 3,940.11 sq. mt. | € 7,880,216 Neighborhood flex space for meetings, coworking, group event space, reading rooms, continuing education workshops. Expanded access to wifi, computers, printing, and free coffee.

Discovery Orchards & Gardens (5) 9,516.14 sq. mt | € 2,379,035 Features that make the neighborhood a destination. A science-oriented ecological multigenerational learning experience about plants and trees native to the region.

Accessible Regional Playground (1) 2,228 sq. mt. | € 557,166 Playground spaces accessible to individuals with special needs, within close proximity to the school and metro station.

Year-Round Community Gardening Program (7) 4,338 sq. mt. | € 1,084,635 Infrastructure, funding for seeds, workshops, and maintenance for resident-managed urban gardening sites within walking distance from every high rise.

Greenroof Terrace (1) 2,089 sq. mt. | € 5,554,195 A walk-up green outdoor seating area, with a partially sheltered seatingzone for winter use.

Playgrounds (8) 2,677 sq. mt | € 669,386 Playground spaces visible from community rooms

19 AMBITIONS

Communal Fun Room (1) 1,798 sq. mt. | €3,597,273 Ground floor-accessible playroom areas, homework stations and an elderly gaming space. Small party rental spaces and film projections.

Sheltered Flex Outdoor Space 7,693 sq. mt. | € 1,923,427 Picnic, weekly market, summer grilling areas.

Summary of proposed station and neighborhood improvements

137


GROWING IS FEEDING Babette Wyckaert

In history, cities where shaped by food, Brussels was one of them.

Issues

Back then, some remarkable positive features, related to food production and consumption, were present. There was

Population growth creates the need of densification and an increased food production

a proximity and visibility of food. Food

Food produced in Brussels and the near surroundings is mainly exported and is not sold locally. The transportation of the food is not sustainable (car)

was accessible in the city and citizens knew where it came from, partly because of a direct relation of consumer and METRO LINE 3

producer (e.g.: local markets). Finally, food was transported in what we now call a â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;sustainableâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; way. Is it possible for Brussels to get back the positive aspects of food production/consumption of

Limited proximity of fresh food towards the city

No direct relation between consumer and producer (consumer does not know where the food is coming from)

the city history? In order to achieve this, we have to deal with some difficulties Brussels is undergoing right now regarding its foodsystem (e.g.: lots of

Possible interventions

export instead of local selling). This design introduces three measures as a possible combined intervention: creating a continuous productive urban landscape

Connecting agricultural land outside of Brussels with productive land and open/green spaces inside. Creating a continuous landscape that is a support for local food production/consuption. CPUL (continuous productive landscape)

Sustainable transport train/metro/tram (in one system) for the transportation of food & people

(CPUL) by connecting open/green spaces and productive land in/outside the city, densification of the landscape borders and connecting people with food by sustainable transport. The possible intervention is shown in 2 sections crossing the city along different densities, landscape, borders,...

138

Using the borders of the continuous landscape for densification

Issues and possible interventions for the Brussels local food system


Making a hard border towards the CPUL by adding a logistic building strip.

A local food market for the neighborhood.

Transition of the urban fabric to the productive agricultural landscape by means of an edge formed by densification and recreation

Making a hard border towards the CPUL by closing the building line (by using housing).

Foodhub as a local collecting and selling point

19 AMBITIONS

The border towards the CPUL is a blurred line where densification and landscape are merged.

Transition of the urban fabric to the productive agricultural landscape by means of an edge formed by an ecological district

Metroline 3 as a part of a sustainable transportsystem (lightrail) for food and people, to connect food and people.

Sections crossing different densities, borders, landscape and foodhubs

139


Using small vegetable gardens as an educational element for the surrounding schools. Integrating food production in the park (small vegetable gardens).Increasing the visibillity of food in the city.

METRO LINE 3

Closing the building line with social housing including urban agriculture/small food production.

Collective transition between park and residential area.

A green parking place for residents.

Integrating food production in the park (with orchards and small vegetable gardens).

An extension of the Josaphat park in the form of an eco-productive park.

Densification with more -and single-family dwellings.

Zooms showing borders urban fabric and productive landscape (high density area)

140


Extension of the tramline as a part of a lightrail network.

The foodhub as a direct local selling point for the residents of Brussels.

Lightrail as a Sustainable transport of goods and people towards the foodhub.

The foodhub as a food collecting point for local Brussels farms.

19 AMBITIONS

Nursery research garden for future food development.

Community gardens, orchards and small cattle pastures as a transition towards the productive landscape.

Green parking place for residents.

The ecoquarter as a self-sufficient neighborhood.

Multiple family homes designed according to the Trias Energetica as a typology in the quarter.

Zooms showing borders urban fabric and productive landscape (low density area)

141


GREEN MESH STRUCTURED BY THE TRANSIT LINE Avenio: 72 metres 457 passengers

Vincent Prats

S LES Many challenges can be foreseen in a near IS E R future like climate change and peak-oil. IfMO

Revision of street hierarchy 5 stations

Brussels wish to continue to thrive pressure must be therefore emphasised on the urban fabric so as to mitigate these hindrances.

Complemented with cycleways

Therefore my aim is to mitigate these challenges by questioning and revising the planned metro line 3 so it becomes the

Both underground & aboveground

backbone of a green mesh that integrates METRO LINE 3

more sustainable mobility patterns and nature-based collective spaces.

Laeken park

The favoured strategy is to adapt the transit system and the public spaces through a Like a mesh social-ecological approach. This approach

looks for synergies between ecological

the green trails cling to

transit station and socio-spatial systems. Natureeach offers

ecosystem services that can help to make

The transit line

Brussels prepared for the future challenges. The proposed infrastructure is a hybrid

is also a green trail in itself

between the planned metro line and

the existing tram 55 (removed). ItThe runs green trails underground up to Colignon and then aboveground using mostly thefavor existing the two wheels and the two feet railtracks.Why not the metro line? Simply

because it is very expensive especially since all the pre-metro stations must be retrofitted. It is also not a flexible infrastructure and it is long to implement. So my proposal enables

LIEDTS Underground station

to save money and reinvest it in a green mesh that connects important green spaces and can improve citizensâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; well-being.

142

GARE DU NORD

No ch pre-m


Like a mesh FAVOR STRAIGHT LINE

BOA : 94 metres 728 passengers

the green trails cling to Laeken park each transit station Like a mesh

OFF CAR TRAFFIC

hange to the existing metro stations

Like a mesh

The transit line

the green trails cling to Laeken park is also a green trail in itself each transit station The transit line

The green trails

FEWER

theSTATIONS green trails cling to each transit station

is also a green trail in itself

The transit line

The green trails

is also a green trail in itself

favor the two wheels and the two feet

No need to dig all the way to Bordet

favor the two wheels and the two feet

Laeken

19 AMBITIONS

The green trails

GAR

favor the two wheels and the two feet

LIEDTS Underground GARE DU NORD

LIEDTS UndergroundCemetery station

A

GARE DU NORD

Albert park

Josaphat park

COLIGNON Aboveground station Bois de la Cambre

BORDET RIGA

PAIX

The transit line : the backbone of a green mesh, V. Prats 2016

143


NATURE-BASED DESIGN TOOLS DITCH ALONG A CARLESS STREET

Focus Range

Focus

L

L

Range

Functions

Functions

NATURE-BASED Liedts, a livingDESIGN spot to TOOLS be supported

GREEN WALL & SWALE

FRUIT TREE & PERMEABLE RAILTRACK

By having an underground station railways are

DITCH ALONG A CARLESS STREET

removed thus freeing space that can be given back to the citizens. It turns the crossroad from a flow-based and unhospitable space to a pedestrian-oriented hotspot. The commercial liveliness and the continuous traffic of pedestri-

METRO LINE 3

ans already make this space living but it needs a little facelift to support that.

Focus

Focus

Focus Range

Focus Range

Range Functions

M

L

Functions

Functions

L

Functions

AdaptationECODUCT measures PERGOLA, STONE & WOOD LOG ALONG A CARLESS STREET

GREEN WALL & SWALE

Swale

Focus Range Focus

FRUIT TREE & PERMEABLE RAILTRACK

Permeable railtrack / Fruit tree

Focus

S

L

Range Focus

Functions Range M

Functions Range

Stormwater basin

M

Multifunctional entrance

STORMWATER BASIN & FLOWER BEDS Functions

MULTIFUNCTIONAL ENTRANCE Functions

PERGOLA, STONE & WOOD LOG

ECODUCT ALONG A CARLESS STREET

Focus

Focus

Range

144

M

Range

Functions Focus

M

Range

Functions Focus

S

6


30 m 20 10 0

1. Bike parking 2. Metro entrance & sitting steps 3. Villo station 4. Stormwater basin 5. Permeable railway 6. Green swale 7. Cycleway 8. Zone 20

8

19 AMBITIONS

1

7

2 3

4 5

0

10

20

30 m

Proposed design for Liedts, V. Prats 2016

145


100% LINE 03 YaĂŤlle Jacobs

In history all open spaces within Brussels were used by pedestrians. Over time more and more space became monopolized by cars, buses, tramlines and bikes. This lack of open space in combination with the increase of inhabitants in Brussels, demands a new kind of integrated transport system that needs to be developed. All the METRO LINE 3

different methods need to be combined and the new metroline completes the whole transportation system. This new metroline has to be designed in a smart way. 100% Line 03 is the ambition for this new metroline. 100% Line 03 has four main topics to concentrate on. First a more complete network than the proposed extension of line 03 needs to be designed. Later the dens line requires a slow and fast track to increase the efficiency. All the metrostops are located in different neighbourhoods, which results in metrostops working on three different scales. Last, because of the density of 100% Line 03, a different line during different moments of the day is developed. 100% Line 03 is working with some general design conditions placed in a matrix. Three stops, with different scales were designed as exemple.

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19 AMBITIONS Replete - Near - Scale - Frequency

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Design conditions

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Stop Linde - local scale - 100% Line 03 situation

19 AMBITIONS

Stop Sint-Maria - urban scale - 100% Line 03 situation

Stop Lambermont - regional scale - 100% Line 03 situation

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006

078

A SELF-SUFFICIENT STREET FOR PEOPLE by Jolien Coppejans

082

BRUSSELS GREEN LINE 1 by Thomas Verheye

086

METRO LINE 3

090

THE RELAYERED CITY by Dimitri Voordeckers

SUBWAY STATION AS NEW SOCIAL SPACE by Valérie Vanwalleghem

094

NO PARKING SPACE BUT PUBLIC SPACE by Saar Huyghebaert

098

CONNECTING THROUGH PLAY by Daniella Beltran

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106

ENRICH LOCAL ATMOSPHERES by Silke Van Bruyssel

METRO PART OF THE CITY – ART AS INSTRUMENT by Annelien Uvin

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150

INTRODUCTION

UNDER CONSTRUCTION 2.0 by Annelie Gaudissabois


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METRO AS SYSTEM FOR WASTE TRANSPORT by Kai Saillart

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LEARNING ALONG THE METRO by Ellen Van Mulders

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METRO AS PERSONAL TRAINER by Nele Coen

STUDENTS AS MOTOR FOR URBAN DEVELOPMENT by Maaike Cauwels

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DENSIFY THE METRO STOP by Sanne Vervaet

BXL, WORLD’S CAPITAL OF SMART MOBILITY : A² by Jorg Roets

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19 AMBITIONS

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€ 60 MILLION TO SPEND by Janette Said

GROWING IS FEEDING by Babette Wyckaert

GREEN MESH STRUCTURED BY THE TRANSIT LINE by Vincent Prats

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100% LINE 03 by Yaëlle Jacobs

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@All rights reserved under International Copyright Conventions. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photo-copying, recording or by any information storage retrieval system, without permission @All rights reserved under International Copyright in writing from the publisher or specific copyright owners. Conventions. No part of this publication may be Work and publication made during the course of a personal reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic master dissertation project, within the project of Theor Cuesta of theincluding Rupel Region. New challenges for or its by Cultural mechanical, photo-copying, recording any Heritage proposed by Gisèle Gantois information storage retrieval system, without permission

in writing from the publisher or specific copyright owners. Acknowledgments Special thanks to Sabine Denissen, senior advisor Leisure Work and publication made during the master course Studio Brussels. Department Province of Antwerp for her unconditional support to these projects. ISBN ISBN 9789082510829 9789082256857

Depot nummer Depot nummer D/2017/13.576/1 D/2015/13.576/1

METRO LINE 3

Book edited by Book edited by Gisèle Gantois Tine van Herck Co-editors Violette Baudet Kris Scheerlinck, Yves Schoonjans Authors: Authors Floor Clinckemalie, Stefanie Gruyaert, Matthijs Sioen, May nd The 2Doll, master urban design and spatial planning Lynn FelixinSchiettecatte, Lisa Lu, Sam Verschoren, Riccardo Buratti All students from Studio Brussels,

Sept. 2016 - Jan.from: 2017 Contributions Gisèle Gantois, Kris Scheerlinck, Yves Schoonjans, Harry van Royen Cover image Cover © Silkepicture: Van Bruyssel © Lisa Lu, Felix Schiettecatte Responsible ResponsiblePublisher Publisher Faculty of Architecture, KU Leuven KU Leuven, Faculty of Architecture, International Master of Architecture campus Sint-Lucas. Resilient and Sustainable Strategies Campus Sint-Lucas, Ghent Class of 2014-2015 www.arch.kuleuven.be www.arch.kuleuven.be www.luca-arts.be www.internationalmasterofarchitecture.be Dag Boutsen, dean www.stedenbouwenruimtelijkeplanning.be

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JUST ANOTHER METRO LINE?!

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www.internationalmasterofarchitecture.be Dag Boutsen, dean

JUST ANOTHER METRO LINE ?! Brussels: 19 ambitions for a layered city  

This book contains student work of the 2nd Master in Urban Design and Spatial Planning of the KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture, campus Sint...

JUST ANOTHER METRO LINE ?! Brussels: 19 ambitions for a layered city  

This book contains student work of the 2nd Master in Urban Design and Spatial Planning of the KU Leuven Faculty of Architecture, campus Sint...

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