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Summer 2013

Cape Breton chooses automatic meter reading Preventing cyber attacks on infrastructure Controlling forcemain odours ES&E’s annual guide to government, associations and academic institutions


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Contents ISSN-0835-605X • Summer 2013 Vol. 26 No. 4 • Issued August 2013 Editor and Publisher STEVE DAVEY E-mail: steve@esemag.com Founding Editor


Sales Director PENNY DAVEY E-mail: penny@esemag.com Sales Representative DENISE SIMPSON E-mail: denise@esemag.com Accounting SANDRA DAVEY E-mail: sandra@esemag.com Circulation Manager DARLANN PASSFIELD E-mail: darlann@esemag.com Design and Production EINAR RICE Editorial Assistant PETER DAVEY E-mail: peter@esemag.com

Technical Advisory Board Archis Ambulkar Brinjac Engineering, Pennsylvania Jim Bishop Consulting Chemist, Ontario Peter Laughton P.Eng. Consulting Engineer, Ontario Bill DeAngelis, P.Eng. Associated Engineering, Ontario Marie Meunier John Meunier Inc., Québec Peter J. Paine Environment Canada

Environmental Science & Engineering is a bi-monthly business publication of Environmental Science & Engineering Publications Inc. An all Canadian publication, ES&E provides authoritative editorial coverage of Canada’s municipal and industrial environmental control systems and drinking water treatment and distribution.



A great writer was felled by an early Punch Comment by Tom Davey

10 Cape Breton chooses innovative water meter reading technology Cover story

Product Showcase . . . 63-67 Environmental News . 68-74 Professional Cards . . . 68-73 Ad Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

12 Kawartha Lakes fights MOE order to pay for oil spill costs 14 Making wastewater pump station callouts a thing of the past 16 New weapons for fighting odour in long sewer forcemains 22 Designing effective remedial horizontal wells and trenches 24 New oil dewatering technology reduces disposal costs 26 Surge anticipator eliminates water pipe breakage in Central Saanich 28 High rate biotechnology for metal and mining wastewaters 34 Securing municipal water and wastewater infrastructure against cyber attack 38 Influences on biofilm development and corrosion in watermains 41 Napanee’s new water storage tank provides contingency and security benefits 42 The five essential elements of a modern hydrological monitoring program 48 Protecting Lakeview WWTP’s ferrous chloride feed system 52 New Canadian process removes mercury from wastewater

Readers include consulting engineers, industrial plant managers and engineers, key municipal, provincial and federal environmental officials, water and wastewater plant operators and contractors. Information contained in ES&E has been compiled from sources believed to be correct. ES&E cannot be responsible for the accuracy of articles or other editorial matter. Articles in this magazine are intended to provide information rather than give legal or other professional advice. Articles being submitted for review should be e-mailed to steve@esemag.com. Canadian Publications Mail Sales Second Class Mail Product Agreement No. 40065446 Registration No. 7750 Undeliverable copies, advertising space orders, copy, artwork, proofs, etc., should be sent to: Environmental Science & Engineering, 220 Industrial Pkwy. S., Unit 30, Aurora, Ontario, Canada, L4G 3V6, Tel: (905)727-4666, Fax: (905) 841-7271, Web site: www.esemag.com

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ES&E’s Annual Guide To Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions

Associations ............................................................................ 53 Government Agencies ............................................................ 57 Colleges and Universities ....................................................... 62

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Comment by Tom Davey

A great writer was felled by an early Punch In celebration of Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine’s 25th year of publication, we are pleased to reprint some of Founding Editor, Tom Davey’s editorial comments.


n 1849, a writer suEmitted an article to Punch maga]ine on the scandalous state of London’s water supply. Titled Dreadful Hardships, the article, written Ey a young Charles DicNens, was reMected. Punch, then a new puElication, went on to garner world renown as a humorous maga]ine and celeErated its 150th year of continuous operation Eefore expiring in 1992 and then again in 2002 after a failed revival. Punch not only Eecame noted for the quality of its articles Eut also for the writing sNills of its editors. They included Tom Taylor, author of Our American Cousin, the play AEraham Lincoln was watching when assassinated; A.A. Milne, author of Winnie the Pooh; and Malcolm Muggeridge, a celeErated spy, Mournalist, television celeErity, and one of the most elegant writers in the (nglish language. Punch lasted one-and-a-half centuries – a remarNaEle achievement in the cut-and-thrust world of puElishing where mortality rates for young puElications are high. ,ts circulation declined from a peaN of 150,000 to around 0,000 Eefore it ¿nally expired. %ut the impact of Charles DicNens continues to grow, his reputation enhanced Ey movie and TV productions. After two masterly adaptations in ¿lm of his Tale of Two Cities, the story went on to enMoy great success in a TV mini-series. And every year, hundreds of millions of people watch that perennial favorite, A Christmas Carol. ,ronically, DicNens’ reMected piece, Dreadful Hardships, might have Eecome one of his greatest worNs. The squalor and misery resulting from the water-Eorne diseases that ravaged poor families in those days cried out for the masterly touch of DicNens. Thousands, especially EaEies, were slaughtered Ey deadly Eut little Nnown pathogenic organisms - the germs, parasites, and

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viruses which Àourish in impoverished conditions. 5egrettaEly, while the reMection slip survived, this worN is proEaEly lost forever. +ad Punch not reMected his piece on London’s water supply, the environment movement might have had one of the greatest pens in the world focusing on ecological issues – nearly one and half centuries ago. Was there, for e[ample, a Mr. %umEle of the London water worNs, denying

Charles Dickens, circa 1849.

a request for hypochlorite to disinfect the water to stay the march of typhoid and cholera? Or perhaps some smug character saying the city could not afford piped water and sanitation to poor districts? <ou thinN this is far-fetched ¿ction? LooN at the facts in Canada. ,n the late 1880s, the incidence of typhoid fever and other water-Eorne diseases was high in Eoth Ottawa and Toronto. Well into the 20th century, deaths from water-Eorne diseases were descriEed as ³astronomical´ Ey the City of Toronto’s 3uElic +ealth Department. ,ndeed, even within living memory, Toronto’s death rates have Eeen higher than those of many maMor (uropean cities. Typhoid ran rampant in Ottawa, Eut as the disease was usually con¿ned to the lower class districts, civic of¿cials showed little concern until epidemics swept across the capital in 1911 and

again in 1912. Almost 2,000 people contacted typhoid, with at least 91 recorded fatalities in the capital. 7he &hief 0edical 2f¿cer of 2ntario, Dr. J.W. McCullough, investigated the ¿rst typhoid outEreaN and Elamed civil authorities for negligence in failing to provide a safe water supply for the capital. A second enquiry concurred that the authorities had Eeen negligent. A report suEmitted Ey Dr. Charles A. +odgetts, a medical advisor to the Commission of Conservation, said the 1911 Ottawa typhoid epidemic ³could have Eeen oEviated had the hypochlorite (disinfection) treatment Eeen installed forthwith´ as recommended Ey an engineering consultant, Allan +a]en. Dr. AlEert (dward %erry, a renowned Canadian water treatment scientist and engineer, was only a youngster when these epidemics were sweeping many parts of Canada. They made an indeliEle impression on him for he was to dedicate his life to the eradication of water-Eorne diseases. When he died in 1984 in London, Ontario, at the age of 90, he was proEaEly the most honoured environmental professional in the world. (ven in retirement, the World +ealth Organi]ation had asNed him to visit developing countries as a water and puElic health consultant. +is many honours include the Order of Canada, an honorary degree from the University of Toronto, and countless awards. +e fought tenaciously for safe drinNing water and sanitation facilities when he was appointed director of Sanitary (ngineering for the Ontario Department of +ealth. , spent a day at his home in St. Mary’s, Ontario, when he recounted his investigations of regular epidemics of T%, typhoid and other lethal diseases. Cholera, too, was common. When his recommendations for safe water processes were ignored Ey municipalities, Dr. %erry issued mandatory orders for water supplies to Ee disinfected. (ven then, many politicians EaulNed at the costs. +e recounted one instance where an entire council resigned, rather continued overleaf...

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Comment by Tom Davey than obey the order to disinfect the town water. Many times Dr. Berry forced councils to clean up drinking water supplies several decades before the modern environmental movement began. As in Ottawa, the diseases were often in working class districts and many civic leaders had little concern for their plight, a familiar scenario in Dickens’ novels. Undoubtedly there were even more horror stories of death and disease in the squalor of London when Charles Dickens submitted his article to Punch in 1849. His penchant for lurid details of squalid conditions, combined with his masterly characterization of pompous of¿cials, would have surely made his rejected article on London’s water supply fascinating reading. Coincidentally, the year that Punch rejected Dickens’ article, a remarkable discovery occurred in Broad Street in London where people were dying of cholera. Not even the science of the day

linked drinking water with cholera, and lethal epidemics were common in those times. But Dr. John Snow deduced that some 90 deaths could be traced to a contaminated well serving the area. He boldly broke the pump handle, preventing people from using the well for drinking water. The epidemic stopped. Dr. Snow’s decisive act is a benchmark in the science of epidemiology. While he did not discover the true cause of the cholera, he proved beyond question that this lethal disease could be transmitted through drinking water. His simple experiment was part of a train of events which in the end controlled the epidemics of cholera, dysentery, and typhoid, the great killers of the day in Europe and North America. Something went awry in publishing when Dreadful Hardships was submitted; it could hardly have been lack of writing talent, for the rejected author became a giant of English literature. Had the writing skills of Dickens been

combined with the scienti¿c prescience of people like Dr. John Snow, the environmental movement might have started over a century earlier. NB. Punch published the now famous Remembrance Day poem, In Flanders Fields, written by Major John McCrae, a doctor and soldier with the Canadian Field Artillery. The poem, which became internationally renowned, had a typically Canadian omission – it carried no by-line.

This editorial was published in Tom Davey’s book “For Whom the Polls Tell”.

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Water Metering

Cape Breton moves to automatic meter reading


ape Breton Regional Municipality, also referred to as CBRM, is the second largest municipality in Nova Scotia. It is located on the eastern side of Cape Breton Island, said to be one of the most scenic islands in the world. As an early adopter of new technologies and practices, the CBRM Water Utility decided to invest in radio frequency technology, specifically a mobile AMR (automatic meter reading) solution, from Neptune Technology Group (Canada). It offered the utility integrated project management services for the supply and installation of its T-10 ProRead equipped water meters, R900 radio frequency transmitters and R900 Mobile AMR System, which includes mobile data collection, handheld reading equipment and software. In 2005, CBRM was fully metered, with the exception of approximately 5,000 accounts. The unmetered accounts in the Pottle Lake service area had significantly higher water consumption than other metered communities in the region. The Water Utility was faced with building a new water treatment plant and correctly sizing it was a priority. As a result, the utility implemented a two-year metering plan that clearly mandated that all accounts be metered. The outcome would also mitigate water loss and institute a homogenous system for water billing. Phased-in migration yields big results With a vision to implement a more efficient system and help support stretched meter reading resources, the utility set in motion a multi-year plan to gradually convert their meters to mobile AMR technology. Neptune has been awarded five consecutive contracts since 2008. Their project team installed over 5,000 meter replacements and 5,000 radio retrofit upgrades. In combination with the universal metering project (Pottle Lake), CBRM now has over 73 per cent of their total accounts reading from Neptune’s R900 Mobile AMR

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(L to R) Shane Oldford, CBRM Meter Technician, Joyce Babin, CBRM Supervisor, Jason Oldford, CBRM Meter Technician, Tracy Rudderham, CBRM Meter Reader, Bill Kelly, Neptune Project Manager.

System. As a guideline, any meters younger than 15 years are upgraded to radio, while meters older than 15 years are replaced. Neptune’s approach to project management is structured around the integration of key service pillars: project management, customer care and public communication, area management and data collection, verification and exchange. Each year the project was directed by Neptune’s dedicated Project Manager, Bill Kelly and supported by its cross functional team that included field technicians, call centre and data administrators, public education specialists, IT and product support. Proven benefits of transitioning In 2010, the utility initiated a transition from the Neptune ProRead encoder register to its E-Coder)R900i. Its high resolution, eight-digit encoding makes leak, tamper and reverse flow detection possible at measurements down to 100 ml. The addition of these value-added flags has proven to be valuable for leak detection and data logging of major issues. This technology has allowed the utility to implement a very successful

active leak program for the Pottle Lake area. It can substantiate minimum nighttime flows for the distribution system and assist in identifying and isolating areas of abnormal flows. Furthermore, with the E-Coder) R900i’s easy to read LCD display, the utility was able to enhance their public education program and introduce these features to their customers. This included “Reading Your Water Meter,” a leak detection kit mailing program, which is triggered by leak flags gathered by utility staff. Through this program, the regional municipality has empowered their customers to be proactive in conserving water, lowering water bills and ultimately relieving demand on the water system. Residents of CBRM were not the only group to experience the benefits of the E-Coder)R900i. The utility has three field technicians who perform meter upgrades and replacements in parallel with Neptune’s service division. The utility’s meter shop has achieved improvements in efficiency when replacing the meters, due to ease of installation made possible by the E-Coder)R900i’s wireless feature. Previously, field technicians were running wire from the ProRead register,

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Water Metering usually located inside a basement, to an R900 transmitter located outside the home. The utility’s meter reading group has also achieved operational efficiencies. Until recently, many of the meters were over 25 years old and required manual reading inside the dwelling. Implementation of R900 RF technology and the mobile system has relieved meter readers from the liability and safety concerns of entering customer properties. As an example, one area in the community of Sydney had 4,000 meters that were 25 to 40 years old. This area took three meter readers a total of nine days to read, upload, process and validate the readings. With the upgrade to R900 and Neptune’s MRX920 mobile data collector, it now takes one reader a day to read and upload data into the billing system. The three readers process reads, validate, initiate work orders and perform field investigations over a two-to-three day period. Meter reader functions now extend to include data management processing, initiating work orders, performing field investigations, processing E-Coder flag data and preparing customer service packages. The Cape Breton Regional Municipality Water Utility is on a path to achieve a system wide R900 AMR mobile system. Funding projects of this magnitude can be a barrier. However, the utility opted for a phased-in approach. Eventually, they can even foresee progressing to a pilot project to test a FixedBase System. For more information, E-mail: dmcnichol@neptunetg.com


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Legal Issues

City of Kawartha Lakes loses fight over “unfair” oil spill clean-up Order By John Willms


he Ontario Court of Appeal has ruled that the necessities of spill containment and environmental protection can take precedence over the “polluter pays” principle and the rules of natural justice. In assessing the validity of a Director’s clean-up order for a 2009 oil spill in the City of Kawartha Lakes, the Court deemed questions of who was at fault were “irrelevant.” The City, which bore no responsibility for the original spill, was ordered to clean up oil that had spread onto municipal lands and threatened to recontaminate nearby Sturgeon Lake. Since then, the City of Kawartha Lakes has fought a series of legal battles to correct what it considers “a breach of natural justice.” While the City did not dispute the jurisdiction of the Ministry to issue such a “no fault” Order, it argued that “the MOE must have regard to principles of fair-

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ness, including the ‘polluter pays principle’, as part of its exercise of discretion to issue such an Order.” The City maintained that the MOE should only issue a “no fault” Order in the event that the polluter(s) cannot or will not comply

with a fault-based Order. The Appeal Court did not agree. In its decision re-

leased May 10, 2013, Justice Goudge writes that, “Evidence of the fault of others says nothing about how the environment would be protected and the legislative objective served if the Director’s order were revoked. Indeed, by inviting the Tribunal into a fault finding exercise, permitting the evidence might even impede answering the question in the timely way required by that legislative objective. (Kawartha Lakes (City) v. Ontario (Environment), 2013 ONCA 310).” The Ministry had issued a preventative Order under section 157(1) of the Environmental Protection Act to ensure prompt remediation and minimize any adverse effects. The Ministry had already issued a remediation Order on the responsible parties, but the

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Legal Issues spilled oil had spread onto City property. Therefore, a second Order could rightfully be issued to the City as the party that, “owns or has management and control of an undertaking or a property,” even though it bore no fault for the original spill. The Order against the City was appealed to the Environmental Review Tribunal. However, the ERT refused to consider fault, arguing that the overwhelming purpose of EPA s.157(1) is to protect the environment and that, “questions of ultimate liability, fault and other issues are generally left to arenas other than this tribunal.” On May 28, 2012, the Divisional Court upheld the ruling of the ERT, and the appellants appealed the decision to the Ontario Court of Appeal. While the issues were winding their way through the legal system, the City completed the clean-up of its property at an estimated cost of $470,000. Justice Goudge of the Appeal Court writes, “I agree with the Tribunal and the Divisional Court that evidence that others were at fault for


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the spill is irrelevant to whether the order against the appellant should be revoked. That order is a no fault order. It is not premised on a finding of fault on the part of the appellant, but on the need to serve the environmental protection objective of the legislation.” In a separate case before the Ontario Superior Court, the City is tak-

ing steps to recover its clean-up costs (under s.100.1 of the EPA) from the oil company, the insurer, the adjuster, the homeowners, the firm that undertook the site clean-up, the tank manufacturer, the Technical Standards and Safety Authority and the MOE. John Willms is with Willms & Shier Environmental Lawyers LLP, E-mail: jwillms@willmsshier.com

No one disputes the basic facts of the case ...


n December 18, 2008, an estimated 500 litres of fuel oil were spilled into the basement of the home of Wayne and Liana Gendron. By the time an insurance adjuster visited the property some 12 days later, the oil had already migrated through the storm sewers under the adjoining city road and into nearby Sturgeon Lake. The Ministry of the Environment immediately issued a Provincial Officer’s Order requiring the Gendrons to prevent, eliminate and ameliorate the adverse effects of the spill. Remediation efforts continued “around the clock” until March 20, 2009, when the Gendrons’ insurer refused to fund further off-site work, while continuing with the on-site excavation of contaminated soil and the complete demolition and reconstruction of the Gendrons’ home. Although the lake pollution had already been cleaned up, the ministry issued a preventive Order against the City, requiring it to undertake the remediation of any oil remaining in the culverts and sewers that could recontaminate Sturgeon Lake.

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Instrumentation and Control

Making pump station call-outs a thing of the past


t’s 2:00 a.m. and a telephone rings in Eckville, Alberta. Rick McKinnon checks the display on his cell phone and sees it’s another high level call-out alarm, from one of the town’s new sewage lift stations. He knows, before he drives there, that the system will be running on floats, instead of the new ultrasonic level controller. McKinnon is the Town’s public works supervisor and has to work out most of the problems that occur in the wastewater collection system. Level control callouts in two new sewage lift stations were costly and straining his resources. Serving a population of 1,100, the Town completed its upgrade project with two new lift stations and forcemains in 2011. Each control system included a non-contacting ultrasonic level controller with Hi/Lo floats as backups. The pumps are variable frequency drive, operated with relay connections to the level controllers for on/off pump control and 4-20mA speed control. Soon after start-up, Eckville operators began receiving call-out alarms from the control systems in both pump stations. The cause of the echo loss problem was hard to figure out, because it was intermittent. The ultrasonic level controls would work perfectly for several weeks, but then call-out alarms would begin again. They first suspected that condensate might be forming on the ultrasonic sensors and causing echo loss. Over several months, operators experimented with instrument settings, sensor positioning and then with baffles and stilling wells to reduce foam and grease build-up on the water surface. Improvements were made, but none of the modifications entirely stopped the call-outs. This problem was not new to Greyline Instruments, who had seen similar echo loss conditions in sewage lift stations before. Their design engineers came up with the concept of a level instrument that operates with an ultrasonic as the primary sensor and any other 4-20mA level transmitter as a redundant or standby sensor. The new model PSL 5.0 Pump Station Level Controller was released at the same time Eckville was

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Rick McKinnon In a standard collection system, sewage flows to local wet wells, or sumps.

Air sonar uses sound pulses bounced off the liquid surface to compute sewage level.

experiencing call-out alarms. McKinnon contacted Carbon Controls of Calgary, to help solve the level control problems. Carbon Controls supplied two of the new Greyline level controllers, plus submersible pressure sensors to be connected to them as a hybrid system. They felt that using ultrasonic, along with pressure sensors, would result in a reliable level control system that would not be affected by foam or grease on the water surface. How it works Pump station level monitoring is a critical process, with catastrophic fail-

ure modes. In a standard collection system, sewage flows to local wet wells, or sumps, by gravity and is then pumped to a treatment facility. Water level in the wet well is monitored and pumps activate whenever the level exceeds set points. Monitoring instrument failure would allow the sewage level to rise and spill into the environment and/or back up into homes. High level alarm switches are typically installed as a backup. Several methods exist to monitor liquid level. Airborne ultrasonic sonar has become the standard level monitoring technology. It offers easy transducer installation and maintenance as they are mounted above and away from the sewage. These sensors are highly reliable, due to modern manufacturing methods. Air sonar uses sound pulses bounced off the liquid surface to compute sewage level. Grease or foam blanketing the surface is one of the few situations which can defeat this level monitoring method. Having an alternate monitoring method which is not defeated by grease cakes or foam, would allow a “second opinion” and not trip high level alarms in case of a temporary loss of sonar signal. An added bonus is that the embedded sonar calibration is used to automatically calibrate the alternate level signal. The two level signals are continuously compared, to alarm the operator if the alternate signal is not responding to level changes. The transition from primary to secondary level signal is seamless and a

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Instrumentation and Control display shows the operator usage hours logged, for troubleshooting or maintenance. PSL 5.0 uses a “hybrid” of transducer technologies to provide a redundant level measurement and insurance against level measurement failure. The 4-20mA secondary input, automatic calibration and signal monitoring, together with an easy field retrofit, are designed to solve a specific problem in the sewage treatment industry. Non-contacting ultrasonic level sensors were installed about one meter above the high water level in Eckville’s wet wells. They were positioned with an unobstructed view of the water and where foam, grease and scum were least likely to form. Backup submersible pressure sensors were connected to the Greyline PSL 5.0’s 4-20mA hybrid sensor input and suspended in the sewage wet wells with ¾” PVC conduit. They were mounted a few centimeters below the low water level. Once the ultrasonic and submersible pressure sensors were installed in the wet wells and the system was powered up, the PSL 5.0 automatically scaled the pressure sensor. After one or two on/off pump cycles, the pressure sensor was calibrated and ready to function. Now, if Eckville’s ultrasonic sensors lose signal from foam, or grease, on the water surface, the pressure sensor will take over reading instantly. As soon as the ultrasonic sensor receives new echoes, it

resumes function as the primary sensor. McKinnon checks the systems periodically by referring to the “run-time” reporting screen on each level controller. Pump run-times and alarms are logged automatically, as well as runtime for the redundant pressure sensors. Using the run-time reporting function,


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he can spot pump problems before they fail and plan maintenance. There has not been a call-out at either lift station since the PSL 5.0 Pump Station Level Controllers were installed.


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Wastewater Treatment

New weapons for fighting odour in long forcemains By Paul Eybergen and Ken Campbell


hen design started on the new Embro, Ontario sewage pumping station and forcemain, everyone knew controlling odours was going to be a fight. Embro is a village of about 1,000 people located around 13 km (as the forcemain flows) northwest of the sewage collection system in Woodstock. The County of Oxford owns and operates all water and wastewater systems throughout the area in which Embro is located. The County undertook a Class EA, which concluded that wastewater from the new communal sewage collection system in Embro would best be pumped to Woodstock, rather than to a new wastewater treatment plant located nearby. There were some significant design challenges for the pumping option. The forcemain had to be oversized to a 200-mm-diameter pipe, as smaller-diameter pipes running such a long distance at the minimum scouring velocity, ended up with unreasonably high friction losses. The volume of the 200-mm pipe over the 13 km was 430 m3. The design average day wastewater flow was only 380 m3/d, resulting in an average travel time of over 27 hours. In the early days

The biofilter.

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of the system when flows are lower, travel time would be longer â&#x20AC;&#x201D; as much as two to three days! This long wastewater detention period was certain to create a lot of hydrogen sulphide and major odour challenges. To deal with odour, a six-point approach was developed: 1. Keep the forcemain full. In addition to a check valve to prevent wastewater from flowing back to the pumping station when the pumps are turned off, a control valve system at the forcemain discharge was designed to close when

Odours could be best managed by concentrating them at the discharge location. the pumps were off, to prevent the forcemain from partially draining out at the discharge end. This would prevent the pipe from being partially drained and re-filled every cycle, releasing foul air discharges at multiple high points along the forcemain. The idea was that odours could be best managed by concentrating them at the discharge location.

2. Use a stripping chamber. Because wastewater was discharging into a gravity sewer system running through a future residential area, it was decided to provide a stripping chamber. Coarse bubble aeration driven by a small blower was designed to remove the majority of volatile odours so they would not be released in the downstream sewers. 3. Air-tight maintenance hole cover inserts. Air-tight sewer inserts were added under the covers to stop air flow and prevent the escape of any odours not removed at the odour control facility. 4. Biofilter. The odour control facility included a fan to draw air from the top of the stripping chamber and the downstream sewers, and send it to a two-stage biofilter. Treated air was then discharged into an exhaust stack at the top of the unit. 5. Swabbing. A swab launch system was included in the pumping station design, to allow swabs to be easily introduced into the forcemain. Using forcemain swabbing for odour control was an approach successfully used by the County of Oxford operations staff on another problematic wastewater forcemain. Swabs remove biofilms that adhere to continued overleaf...

Buried stripping chamber (foreground).

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:48 PM

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

5  ) "" 6 +(&" 4 ' "&/ &*(- "&/  (& &''/ &+ &'' 5 # -!& 4 %) " &5 #(&- # )!$' 6 &"&' 5 "&# '(&' 4  ) #"(#""/ "3 " &""/ &(("/ !&" ' # &'/ %) ,"/ )(&"( #*&5  ) &-" 4  (/  )  " # & 5 $( *" 4 &"'/ )!$ ((#"'/ &) '' 6 / ( (&" 6 %)$!"( #"(&# 5  ) &(!"(/ &"'$#&( 6 (#& 4  )!$'/  #'/  " &!'/ * #((#! #$$&'/ )'  ##&'/ &)

#"/   " ( .(#" 5 #)& #"(&# 4 " #*&'/ ! 6 # # &(!"( 5  / (#&!+(& 6 )!$ ((#"' 3 $$" )('/ "" &'/  )'" ('/  #+ ) ("/ #&(,  *'/ (#&! &"' 5 '(& ' 4 ' # &'/ ' #"(#""1  "0 #!$&''"0 " &!#* # !#'()&/ ') $)&/ &#" #, " ' #,"/ #!$ ( #3"&(#"  ('

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Wastewater Treatment

The swab launcher configuration.

the pipe walls and house the sulphur-reducing microorganisms responsible for the formation of the hydrogen sulphide. 6. Chemical addition. In case the steps listed above were inadequate, chemical addition in the pumping station was provided as a backup. This alone was not considered, due to its high operating cost, as well as concerns that chemical addition alone might not be successful in fully controlling odours due to the ex-

Flow control valves at the end of the forcemain.

tended travel times involved. How did the system work? The sanitary pump station and odour control facility went online in October 2011. The first four points in the odour control system, as listed above, did their job. The control valve system successfully kept the pipe full and the stripping chamber (lined with an anti-corrosive concrete coating) successfully drove off

heavy concentrations of odours. The biofilter took a little time to commission and get properly adjusted and for operators to become familiar with the system’s functions. Once it was fully operational, it worked well, reducing H2S levels to below detectable levels in the area surrounding the stack discharge. After about six months and with 20% of Embro customers connected, odours started occurring in the vicinity of the

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:49 PM

Wastewater Treatment Swabbing the forcemain

Forcemain profile.

odour control facility and neighbours started to complain. The system was not keeping up. Oxfordâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s operators started investigating and found H2S spike levels over 300 ppm in the stripping chamber. This concentration not only exceeded the capability of the biofilter, but is dangerously toxic if inhaled and was thus an operational concern. The pumping station wet well operating range, i.e, levels at which pumps start and stop, was reduced, making cy-

cles more frequent but for shorter periods. Makeup water was also introduced to the pumping station wet well to reduce the forcemain turnover time. These steps mitigated the problem for a couple of months, but high H2S levels eventually returned. Through trial and error, operations staff determined that swabbing the forcemain every three months immediately continued overleaf...

In June 2012, the 13-km long, 200-mm-diameter forcemain was swabbed for the first time while the sanitary pump station was in operation. A contractor was hired to launch six 250-mm-diameter foam swabs into the 200-mm pipe, five minutes apart. A 50-mm water service that had been installed at the SPS was utilized to insert the swabs into the forcemain with a specialized launcher provided by the contractor. The swab launching was completed within two hours. The six 250-mm swabs were received three days later at the odour control facility. It was later determined that it was best to leave the control valve open during the last part of the process. This ensured that the swabs cannot be directed to the overpressure relief valve piping, where they could get jammed. The swabs were allowed to enter the maintenance hole immediately upstream of the air stripping chamber. A fibreglass grate was installed before the pipe exited the maintenance hole in order to allow the liquid to continue to flow while the swabs were retained.




  #!,,   6)3)43MITHAND,OVELESSCOM  


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Summer 2013 | 19

8/6/13 10:49 PM

Wastewater Treatment reduced H2S concentrations at the stripping chamber to less than 100 ppm. They would then see a gradual rise with spikes up to about 300 ppm, at which concentration the biofilter reached its limit and the next swabbing was implemented. It is anticipated that, as the pumped volume increases and retention time in the forcemain decreases, the required swabbing frequency will also decrease.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Slowâ&#x20AC;? swabbing During the design of the Embro pumping station and forcemain, the engineer was concerned about how the swabbing could be done. Assuming the swabbing approach would be to keep the swab in continuous motion, a continuous supply of water and/or wastewater up to the 430 m3 pipe volume would be required. The municipal wastewater supply, supplemented by all available water from the municipal water supply, could not generate the required flows. The engineer assumed that water would need

On a few, very cold, windy days in the winter, the biofilter froze up and became inoperative. In these situations, an odour control chemical was injected at the pumping station, which reduced odour at the discharge. This approach was not desirable on a full-time basis, since the cost of continuous application would be substantially higher than the swabbing approach. Chemical treatment costs about to be trucked, or pumped from a local creek (assuming a permit to take water could be obtained). The operator, however, had a much simpler idea. The operatorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s idea was that swabbing could be completed by allowing the pumps to push the swabs in their normal pump cycle. The swabs would start, stop and slowly pass through the forcemain, just like sewage in the normal operation. This was a technique that the swabbing contractor had previously demonstrated to work effectively, and it worked in the Embro forcemain.

$30 per day ($900 per month) compared to approximately $1,000 for a contractor to launch six swabs at every event. The County will be working to improve protection of the biofilters from the elements to reduce the chance of future freeze-ups. There are two key ingredients to successfully managing tough odour control challenges. The first is to recognize the challenge and include as many â&#x20AC;&#x153;toolsâ&#x20AC;? as possible for the operator to use. The second is a system operator who takes on the challenge and spends time to monitor the odour situation, determining how to make use of all the tools provided in the most efficient manner. Using the range of odour control tools provided, the County of Oxford operations staff have successfully managed to operate the new Embro pumping station and forcemain with only minor odour complaints. Paul Eybergen is with County of Oxford. Ken Campbell is with R.V. Anderson Associates Ltd. E-mail: kcampbell@rvanderson.com

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Designing effective remedial horizontal wells and trenches By David L. Russell


n the enYironmentaO community of geoOogists and engineers there is much agreement about the utiOity of hori]ontaO weOOs in remediaO actiYities. )ar too often howeYer it seems that hori]ontaO weOOs and trenches are designed improperOy and ineffectiYeOy. 2Yer the years I haYe seen many TuestionabOe practices and haYe wondered why certain designs were deYeOoped. )or e[ampOe one poorOy designed hori]ontaO air sparging weOO contained 00 feet of hori]ontaO weOO with oYer 150 feet of weOO screen and didnÂśt worN. 7he probOem with weOO screen is its Oarge open area. $s such air was distributed into the formation by the Âżrst 0 feet of screen with the remaining screen receiving none. In order for such instaOOations to be effective and successfuO they need to be designed and taiOored to the piping.

2ULÂżFHVDQGSLSHORVVHV 7he formuOa for energy Oosses through a no]]Oe or oriÂżce pOate is the same Must the coefÂżcient of discharge is different. (Q = Cd*Ao* [2gh]0.5 ) :here Cd is the discharge coefÂżcient Ao is the area of the oriÂżce and 2gh is the acceOeration of gravity times the hydrauOic head. AOO of it has to be in the same

dĹ&#x161;Ä&#x17E; ,Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ç&#x152;ŽŜĆ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻ tÄ&#x17E;ĹŻĹŻ dĹ&#x161;Ä&#x17E;,Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ç&#x152;ŽŜĆ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻtÄ&#x17E;ĹŻĹŻ ,Ĺ˝Ć&#x152;Ĺ?Ç&#x152;ŽŜĆ&#x161;Ä&#x201A;ĹŻtÄ&#x17E;ĹŻĹŻ 'Ć&#x152;ŽƾŜÄ&#x161;^ĆľĆ&#x152;ĨÄ&#x201A;Ä?Ä&#x17E;


dÇ&#x2021;Ć&#x2030;Ĺ?Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻÇ Ä&#x17E;ĹŻĹŻĆ&#x2030;Ä&#x17E;Ć&#x152;ĨŽĆ&#x152;Ä&#x201A;Ć&#x161;Ĺ?ŽŜĆ?͞ŜŽĆ&#x161;Ć&#x161;Ĺ˝Ć?Ä?Ä&#x201A;ĹŻÄ&#x17E;Íż

DSSURSULDWH XQLWV 7KH FRHIÂżFLHQW RI discharge is between 0.59 and 0.61 for Post oriÂżce SOates deSending XSon the 5e\noOds 1XPber for the Ă&#x20AC;Xid s\steP. 0ichaeO 'Xchene and (dward $. 0c%ean reSorted the head Ooss coefÂżcients on a nXPber of different SiSing s\stePs as eTXaO to 0.6 to 0.66 deSending on the deSth of bXriaO and the deSth of Ă&#x20AC;ow in the distribXtion SiSing. 7heir SrinciSaO e[SeriPents were on piping systems with four openings around the pipe. 7hey aOso accounted

for differences in hydrauOic head on the various openings due to their Oocation on the pipe. 7he chaOOenge is to get the Oosses and Ă&#x20AC;ow through the oriÂżce hoOes eTuaO to the Ă&#x20AC;ow in the pipe. 7his can reTuire a bit of ingenuity in the design process. IdeaOOy the distribution system is designed so that the Ă&#x20AC;ow and the Oosses at the end of the pipe are zero. One way of designing the system wouOd be to anaOyze the pipe at each perforation for the Ă&#x20AC;ow Q-T. 7his Design/Build Construction Management P3 Project Delivery Maple Reinders has been delivering innovative environmental construction projects for the Canadian market for over 46 years including design, operation and private ďŹ nancing.






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22 | Summer 2013

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 22

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:50 PM

Groundwater provides a new velocity Vq, and a new set of friction losses for the next length of pipe between the perforations. This would require n+1 different frictional calculations for head loss and friction in the length of the perforate pipe. That is just unrealistic and extremely cumbersome. One textbook from the 1960s provides a good answer. It suggested that with a pipe of constant diameter, the head losses through the nozzle were approximately equal to the friction losses equal to about one-third the frictional Ă&#x20AC;ow in the pipe. In scientiÂżc terms, the friction head or hf is equal to the value shown in Equation Two. (Hf = (KQo2/L2)* (l-l2/L + l3/L2) :here K is the hydraulic coefÂżcient equivalent to the head losses in the total length of the pipe at full Ă&#x20AC;ow conditions L is the length of the pipe, l is the fractional length of the pipe where the losses are occurring, and Qo is the total Ă&#x20AC;ow in the pipe at maximum conditions. Remember that head greater than the hydraulic head on the outside of the pipe is needed. Another way to look at the solution is to perform an analysis across the oriÂżce. In a simple case we have qn = C*Ao2*[2gh]0.5. If the value of C is 0.60 and the value of the large pipe Ă&#x20AC;ow is Q and the individual oriÂżce value is q and the hydraulic head differential between the inside of the pipe and immediately outside the pipe is hd which accounts for the submergence of the pipe. If you set the nozzle losses greater than the pressure head against the pipe plus the pipe friction, the design works. For example, a 3â&#x20AC;? pipe 300 feet long, needs to distribute 100 gallons per minute through it uniformly. Head losses through the length of the pipe are 4.47 feet of head loss per 100 feet. The pipe is submerged by three feet of water. The total head loss is then 4.47 * 3+3 = 16.41 feet of head or approximately 5 PSIG. If 30 nozzles or oriÂżces are used, each one should take about 3.33 gpm. The nozzle size should be q = 0.60 A2 [ 2gh]0.5 In the proper units q = 7.42*103 cubic feet per second, g = 32.18 ft/ second2 and h = 16.41 ft. This gives A2 as 5.381*10-4 square feet or 0.0775 square inches. www.esemag.com

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 23

That translates to a hole of approximately 0.0987 inches in diameter. :ater will then Ă&#x20AC;ow in and out uniformly. &RPSUHVVLEOH Ă&#x20AC;RZ Compressible Ă&#x20AC;ow occurs in air and other gases. The formula must account for variables such as initial and Âżnal states and temperatures. As air crosses the oriÂżce it changes temperature, decreasing sharply as it expands from the nozzle. In order to prevent the formation from plugging with ice, change in temperature across the oriÂżce must be accounted for. The equations for compressible gas Ă&#x20AC;ow across a nozzle are a bit different. In general, Equation Two is applicable only for incompressible Ă&#x20AC;ows. It can be modiÂżed by introducing the expansion factor to account for the compressibility of gases. A Âżnal check of gas velocity through the oriÂżce should be done to make sure it does not exceed the speed of sound. It should also be checked for temperature

to ensure that gas vapor which contains water will remain above freezing. This is important for both vacuum extraction and vapor venting horizontal wells (under pressure). The entire program is easily arranged on a spreadsheet and total oriÂżce size, pressure drop and gas Ă&#x20AC;ow can be easily calculated. Using the same essential data, select a drill size and a spacing which is suitable for the length of the horizontal well. A brief calculation of the total oriÂżce size and appropriate area is very straight forward and easily performed. It takes a bit of trial and error to Âżnd the right quantity and oriÂżce size, but is well worth the effort. For example, one installation of 12 lines of 1600 feet each in the Louisiana clays, successfully removed over 100 tons of chloroform and carbon tetrachloride in a six month period. David L. Russell, PE, is with Global Environmental Operations, Inc., Lilburn, Georgia. E-mail: dlr@mindspring.com

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Summer 2013 | 23

8/6/13 10:50 PM

Oil/Water Separation

New dewatering technology relieves companies of burdensome disposal costs By Weston Aldridge


he high cost of treating and disposing of oil-contaminated water, whether from a tanker spill, utilit\ vault or bund, has alwa\s been a burden on an operations budget. 8ntil recentl\, the most common removal method has been b\ vacuum truck. %ut not ever\ spill consists of hundreds of gallons of oil, and not ever\ incident site is easil\ accessible to vacuum trucks. 2ver the past ¿ve \ears, utilities and environmental services industries have

started to incorporate a product called the Pure™ Filter Sock into their dewatering actiYities to signi¿cantl\ reduce costs associated with vacuum trucks and dewatering discharge liabilities. 7he technolog\ removes oil sheen and suspended particles down to one micron, and can be attached via quick-connect hoses to various sizes of pumps. Designed b\ 1icole 1ichols :ilson, a *eorgia ,nstitute of 7echnolog\ graduate, trained in pol\mer and te[tile chemistr\, the ¿lters were initiall\ intended for utilit\

An underground crew in Ontario dewatering a manhole through a Pure™Filter Sock. The white polytubing controls the direction of filtered effluent directly into the drain.

Emergency pits dug in Kinross, Scotland channelled contaminated stream water to allow oil/water separation. A vacuum truck removed surface oil, prior to using the Pure Filter Sock. 24 | Summer 2013

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 24

vault dewatering, but attracted the interest of the environmental services industr\. In 2012, the American Association of Te[tile &hemists and &olorists named :ilson its <oung (ntrepreneur of the <ear, as a salute to the contribution of her ¿lters to the environment and the te[tile industr\. David Molinatti, of S&S Supplies and Solutions, recentl\ noted in the Atlanta Business Chronicle that the ¿lters are being rapidl\ adopted, particularl\ for dewatering utilit\ vaults, because the\ are “a safe and cost-effective method for utilities and municipalities to meet vault dewatering regulations without the high e[pense of using a vacuum truck.´ After the ¿lters became a common product for dewatering utilit\ vaults, the manufacturer, Pure Filter Solutions, was approached b\ Adler & Allan /td., an environmental services ¿rm based in the 8nited .ingdom. The\ wanted to introduce the technologies into the environmental services market. Adler & Allan brought the latest ¿lter technolog\, which incorporated a unique la\er of activated carbon to handle lower-molecular-weight h\drocarbons, to a 1ational *rid converter station for an annual cleaning and servicing of the bunds and bund water control units. Richard Sacree, project manager with Adler & Allan, noted that the project successfull\ reduced the use of vacuum trucks b\ appro[imatel\ 0 and also reduced waste removal and labour costs. “As important as the cost saving was, the additional bene¿t of the reduction in carbon emissions made a contribution to 1ational *rid¶s carbon reduction targets,´ said Sacree. The ¿lters were put to the test again in the winter of 2012 when a gasoline tanker was involved in a vehicle accident in remote Kinross, Scotland. The tanker left the road and overturned, resulting in a large spill of appro[imatel\ 20,000 litres of fuel into a stream. Once the large amount of product was located, the Scottish (nvironment Protection Agenc\ S(PA authorized the installation of booms and containment

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:50 PM

Oil/Water Separation measures by excavating interception trenches. A vacuum tanker then pumped 1,500 litres of product from this trench, after Zhich the ÀoZ of product stabili]ed. The next day contamination in the standing water was found to have migrated slightly downslope. Another containment trench was excavated downslope of those excavated the previous night and a vacuum tanker removed a large quantity of product. With the approval of SEPA, the trenches were extended and linked with a further trench in order to make the containment of fuel easier. Next, an oil-water separator was used to treat the water in the lowest trench and the separated contaminate was removed by vacuum truck. However, due to the sheer volume of surface/groundwater on-site and following testing and sampling, permission was obtained from SEPA to discharge water from the oil-water separator through Pure Filter Socks to an area of land downstream of the contaminated area. This operation worked extremely well and SEPA even permitted a discharge to the stream via the ¿lters. The result of


ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 25

Once oil was vacuumed from the top of contained water in the pits, the remaining water was pumped through the Pure Filter Sock, acting as a polisher for direct discharge back to the stream.

using the ¿lters for this application was a 50% reduction in operational costs, an 80% reduction of carbon emissions due to less use of vacuum trucks, and less wear and tear and congestion on the rural roads. Not every spill situation warrants the use of the ¿lters and vacuum trucks will

continue to be used in many instances. However, with many proven applications and many more yet to be recogni]ed, the possibilities for cost reductions with this technology will continue to grow. Weston Aldridge is with Pure Filter 6olutions (PDil weston#S¿ltersFoP

Summer 2013 | 25

8/6/13 10:50 PM

Collection Systems

Surge anticipator eliminates pipe breakage


he District of Central Saanich is a member municipality of the Capital Regional District (CRD) of Greater Victoria in British Columbia. It is a rural residential community with a population of about 17, 000. The District has a medium sized, widely dispersed sewage collection system, dating back to the early 1970s. It sends its sewage to the CRD’s regional wastewater treatment plant. Within the municipal collection system, multiple sewage lift stations pump sewage from satellite stations through forcemains into the regional trunk sewer system and from there to treatment. There is minimal storage capacity within the municipal collection system. One of these facilities pumps sewage through a 300mm asbestos cement forcemain to a sewer siphon several kilometers away. When fluids travel such long distances, there is always the potential for pressure build-ups, from even the slightest changes in velocity. When a sewer main ruptures under these circumstances, it can have significant negative impacts on the environment. It also causes headaches in repair and associated costs and is disruptive to residents. This is exactly what was happening in Central Saanich, due to aging infrastructure and surges from pumps stopping and power failures. The District, in conjunction with the CRD and its consultants Stantec, reviewed options for upgrading the existing facility to address ongoing operating conditions. The recommendation was an anticipating surge relief valve, designed to reduce stress on the pipes. This would prevent bursts and increase the pipe’s lifespan. Singer Valve’s Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter was chosen, as the solenoid operated surge anticipator would still work during power outages. The Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter is a very responsive compact sewage relief valve that can handle high pressures (200 psi or 13.8 bar or higher) and uses standard plant air supply to hold the valve closed. This chamber is fitted with a relief pilot that is also normally closed as long

26 | Summer 2013

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Prepackaged system.

as the line pressure is lower than the set point. If pressure rises above the set point, the relief pilot opens, causing air in the cylinder to vent. This in turn opens the valve, which operates as a high pressure relief valve. Central Saanich has three 75 hp pumps that each cycle between 30-50 times a day. As the valve operates on every shutdown, it is crucial that its operation is precise and occurs at the right times to prevent surges. Otherwise lines can literally be blown out of the ground. Another of Central Saanich’s problems was surges due to power interruptions. When this happens, all the pumps suddenly stop, resulting in a surge proportional to fluid velocity at the time of the power interruption. This problem is also solved by the Pneumatic Dynamic Lifter with its anticipating surge relief option. This function uses two three-way solenoid valves to put air into the cylinder under the piston, driving the valve open on power failure. This way, when the surge returns to the pump, it is not coming back to a closed system where it can cause damage. It comes back to an open valve where it can be discharged safely back

into the storage well underneath the pump. The main valve needs to be open long enough to handle the initial surge, but not longer, otherwise it will continue to drain the line. To prevent this, the solenoid is on a timer, which the field crew set at start-up. Once the time has elapsed, another solenoid allows air to re-charge the cylinder, closing the main valve. The Dynamic Lifter has been designed to minimize costs and maintenance. The piston and closing speed controls operate separately from the sewage, in a clean non-contaminating environment. Conventional spring-operated valves allow build-up of wastewater residue (dry pack) on the valve’s downstream and exhaust pipe to sump. However, the Dynamic Lifter can easily be opened through the actuator, to flush out these unwanted build-ups. Mineral and debris build-up is kept to a minimum by using premium materials such as heat-fused heavy epoxy coatings on the main valve and a 316 grade stainless steel seat and stem. For more information, E-mail: brad@singervalve.com.

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:51 PM

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Industrial Wastewater

High rate biotechnology for the metal and mining industry By Martijn Olde Weghuis

Budel zinc refinery - hydrogen gas lift loop reactor for sulphate reduction and zinc recovery .- Nyrstar all rights reserved.


ore than  years ago, the Dutch company Paques pioneered the commercial development and application of anaerobic technology for wastewater treatment in the Netherlands It started with the application of 8pĂ&#x20AC;ow Anaerobic Sludge %lanket reactors for the production of biogas from wastewater PaquesÂś Âżrst anaerobic installation in &anada was commissioned in  for a client in the pulp and paper industry TembacÂśs Temiscaming pulp mill selected %IOPAQ I& (Internal &irculation) technology to treat 600 m/h of efĂ&#x20AC;uent, which contained 20 tpd of &OD The plant was commissioned in -anuary 2006 %iogas produced replaces natural gas as fuel to the pulp dryers and is desulphurized with THIOPAQ technology to H2S concentrations below 0 ppmv THIOPAQ technology was originally developed for the biological desulphurization of biogas produced in anaerobic reactors for heat or power generation The Âżrst full scale installation was in 0 in the Netherlands Nowadays, the technology is applied for the removal of several kilograms to several tons of sulphur per day It is also used for the desulphurization of natural gas,

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Two step Sulfateq plant at FMI.

or other gases, from the petrochemical iQGXstr\ or gasiÂżcatioQ processes For applications in the oil and gas market, the technology is marketed by Paqell (a joint venture with Shell Global Solutions) under the name THIOPAQ O G The technology relies on the physical-chemical absorption of H2S into a mild caustic solution and the almost complete regeneration of the caustic by bacteria in a separate bioreactor (lemental sulphur produced (biosulphur) is an excellent product for fertilizer applications, or use as a fungicide It is hydrophilic and has a particle size between - Č?m (xperiments in the Âżeld with %reton &anola showed a  per cent higher grain yield for biosulphur, compared with the application of &laus sulphur Paques has developed a fertiliser product, based on the unique properties of biosulphur Sulphate removal and metal recovery &omplete control of the biological sulphur cycle and a track record in anaerobic and aerobic technology can be applied in the metal and mining industry Typical applications are removal of sulphates, and recovery of metals from mining or metallurgical efĂ&#x20AC;uents Se-

lecting the right population of microorganisms for bioreactors designed to handle large Ă&#x20AC;ows, while retaining high concentrations of the desired microorganisms, is crucial for success in this heavy-duty industrial environment Two examples of sulphate reduction and metal recovery are plants designed, built and commissioned by Paques in 2 and 2000 for a zinc reÂżnery in the Netherlands The Âżrst plant was designed for treatment of sulphate (2 tpd) and recovery of zinc (0 tpd) as zinc sulphide from low sulphate containing waters (00 m/hr) In this installation, ethanol is used as electron donor for the reduction of sulphate to sulphide Six years later, a plant was commissioned on the same site to treat a high sulphate combined stream containing the bleed from the gas cleaning section of the acid plant and an electrolyte bleed This combined stream (ca 2 m/ hr) is high in sulphate ( g/l) and zinc (0 g/l) In this plant, hydrogen which is produced from natural gas in a steam reformer unit is used as electron donor For both installations, excess sulphide that is left after precipitating zinc and other metals is treated in sulphide oxidizing bioreactors Sulphate concentration in the efĂ&#x20AC;uent was around 20

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Settling tests of bioscorodite crystals harvested from semi-pilot Thioteqscorodite bioreactor.


Paques IC reactors (left) and CIRCOX reactors (right).


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Industrial Wastewater otherwise have been lime treated to produce copper-contaminated gypsum.

The simplified process for immobilization of arsenic as bioscorodite.

Arsenic immobilization Currently, Paques is further developing a patented process (THIOTEQScorodite) for arsenic immobilization, based on work by Wageningen University’s Dr. Paula González Contreras. Arsenic is a toxic element that cannot be reused and large amounts have been collected from metallurgical processes as arsenic trioxide. There is no market for the tons of arsenic released from metallurgical processes. A time-stable discard product is essential. Only scorodite, which occurs naturally as a stable mineral in nature, ¿ts that requirement.

Combining bio-crystallization and aerobic air-lift loop reactor technology has several advantages compared to traditional precipitation tank reactors.

Thioteq process for H2S H2S generation - bioreactor contactor and metalsulphide settler.

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The aerobic process is a new sustainable solution to arsenic removal and its immobilization. In this process, a compact air-lift loop reactor (CIRCOX– technology) is the basis for the production of arsenic-containing crystals, i.e., bioscorodite crystals. Biogenic scorodite production in CIRCOX reactors is the result of a successful balance between bio-oxidation and crystallization reactions. Since 1987, Paques B.V. has gained extensive full-scale experience with more than 30 CIRCOX bioreactors, treating diverse wastewaters. It is expected that the process can be implemented at full-scale in a relatively simple manner. Combining bio-crystallization and aerobic air-lift loop reactor technology has several advantages compared to traditional precipitation tank reactors. Bioscorodite crystals are suspended in an aeration-induced circular liquid Àow. This minimizes scaling and mechanical problems. Crystal retention in the reaccontinued overleaf... Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Industrial Wastewater tor is improved by the high density of bioscorodite and large crystals, which are also older crystals and therefore more stable than nascent ones. Harvested crystals are selected by their sedimentation rates, assuring high stability values. Microorganisms play a key role in the production of bioscorodite, precipitating arsenic at 70°C, instead of the higher temperatures and pressures used in autoclaving technology. These extreme microorganisms grow by oxidizing iron, in the presence of arsenic, as free cells in suspension and at low pH values. Operational costs are reduced when compared with chemical precipitation. This is mainly due to the fact that no chemical oxidant is needed. Air is used as the oxidant. Furthermore, formation of gypsum is reduced to a minimum because no seeding material is needed and less neutralization with lime is required. The result is a pure, stable and compact crystalline product. Harvested bioscorodite crystals are large in size, have a high arse-

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Scorodite mineral and bioscorodite crystals.

nic content (30 wt%), low free water content (<3% free water on settled samples), and they have exceptional stability properties based on arsenic leaching values in TCLP tests. These properties enable disposal of the crystals immediately after being harvested. An immediate application of this process is treatment of streams where arsenate is present, such as efĂ&#x20AC;uents from (bio) leaching operations.

Arsenic stabilization is going to be one of the most important environmental issues facing metallurgical companies when disposal legislation becomes stricter. Converting arsenic into bioscorodite can lower environmental risk and provide important cost savings to the company. Martijn Olde Weghuis is with Paques. E-mail: m.oldeweghuis@paques.nl

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Securing your municipal water infrastructure

By Victor Wong


lectrical utilities, oil and gas, chemical process and water have been identified as critical infrastructure assets that require absolute protection from a security incident. So why is it that three of these critical infrastructures have rules, regulations and penalties in place to protect them, while water, one of the most valuable assets for human existence, does not? What if your municipal drinking water was compromised, what would you do? In 2007, when Metro Vancouver’s main Seymour reservoir’s water contained high turbidity, the public was asked to boil their water. During that time, there was no potable water for consumers, hospitals, business, industries or even Starbucks! Pandemonium broke out at local stores, when consumers fought for bottled water! Imagine if this natural occurrence was an actual security compromise. How would a municipality handle this issue? Would they even know if there was a compromise? What would happen to consumer confidence? Do you think this only applies to drinking water? How about the Maroochy Shire sewage spill that occurred in Australia in 2000, when over 200,000 gallons of raw sewage spilled in parks, rivers and the grounds of the Hyatt Hotel. This incident was an actual cyber-security incident undertaken by a disgruntled contractor who was working on the Shire’s SCADA system. He had stolen radio equipment, controllers and software to mastermind this security incident. You would think that after so many years of technological advancement and knowledge about security, incidents would have stopped. In fact, there has been a steady rise in reported cyber incidents. The following is a small list of security incidents which occurred in the water community: • Salt River Project SCADA - hacked. • Maroochy Shire Water System, Australia. • Harrisburg Pennsylvania water treatment plant - compromised. • Trojan/Keylogger on Ontario water SCADA system. • Tehema Colusa Canal Authority,

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California - compromised. • Denial of service attacks on water system via Korean telecom network. • Penetration of California Irrigation District wastewater treatment facility’s SCADA system. Municipalities’ perspectives on security With so much at stake and so much information available, why are municipalities still taking a reactive rather than a proactive position on security? The following are actual quotes collected when municipalities were asked for their perspective on the issue: • “Large system users such as Metro Vancouver are more at risk than smaller municipalities.” • “We know that the United States has more of these problems and Canada is not targeted. In fact, who wants to hack into the middle of nowhere?” (If your computer is connected to a network, you’re vulnerable.) • “Hackers do not understand SCADA systems, or their equipment.” • “No one knows about my system, so it must be safe.” (Security through obscurity is not a solution.) • “Vendors are just trying to scare us so they can sell more of their equipment”…or not! • “You know, I’ve not heard of any

neighboring municipality that has been hacked, so we’re all good.” (If you were compromised, would you publish this in the local newspaper?) • “Our IT department has got a security policy and they said it was all good, we’ll just use theirs for SCADA.” (IT policies cannot be applied to SCADA directly. One needs to be developed.) • “No one in our organization knows much about security let alone security for SCADA, so we kinda let sleeping dogs lie” (There is a plethora of information available on security. Be proactive and do your own research or, better yet, contact your local associations or the RCMP. So what is going on here? Over the last decade, municipal SCADA systems have seen a significant increase in the use of computer networks to transfer information from control centers to supervisory and corporate IT computer systems. Specifically, most SCADA systems are now using networked process historian servers and expert systems servers to allow users to access real-time data. There are also many other possible business/process interfaces, such as using remote direct file transfer from control devices such as RTUs (Remote continued overleaf...

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Security Telemetry Units) and PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers) to user spreadsheets. Regardless of the method employed, each involves a network connection between SCADA and IT systems. At the same time, there has been an explosion in the use of Ethernet and TCP/ IP technologies, both wired and wireless, in SCADA. Most SCADA systems now use Ethernet networking, rather than traditional proprietary industrial networks

such as Data Highway or Modbus. Consequently, networks are increasingly Ethernet-based for both IT and SCADA systems. The issue is that complications on IT networks can be passed on to SCADA networks or vice-versa through the IT/ SCADA interface. This can seriously impact SCADA system and network operation and devices associated with those networks. Aside from the potential that data flows

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between SCADA system to IT networks could be compromised, the “hacker community” has discovered SCADA systems. How can we protect municipal water systems? To implement a secure water system, municipalities must acquire the right focus in their approach to security. It should not be about adding more technology, such as firewalls, network mitigation and prevention equipment to your SCADA system. The focus should be on people and processes. Why should we focus more on people and processes rather than just throwing technology at it? As a quick example, Company ABC purchases a high-end firewall to protect their SCADA system. However, due to lack of security policies, one of the employees decides to plug in a USB key, or a CD, from a vendor that is loaded with malware. This malware could make its way behind your firewall into the SCADA system. This has happened before. Providing a better security framework for SCADA systems would ensure better reliability and less down time. Municipalities need to develop security policies and frameworks that seek to prevent, mitigate and respond to a security incident. It is not good enough to just borrow or deploy security policies that have been developed for IT. These are often inappropriate for deployment in a SCADA system’s environment. There are, however, certain policies and frameworks from IT systems that municipalities could leverage for SCADA systems’ security. However these policies should be well defined and understood. Traditionally, IT security focuses more on the confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) model, whereas SCADA systems focus more on the availability, integrity and confidentiality (AIC) model. Some IT policies involving patch management, such as Windows Update, anti-virus/malware protection, and penetration testing, may work adequately for IT systems, but may seriously affect SCADA system operations. This has occurred in the past, where an operating system patch undertaken by IT staff, shut down the SCADA system before vendors had a chance to test their software against the patch.

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Security Remember that appropriate security frameworks will minimize security threats, ensure better reliability with less down time, and maximize continuous service to the community. Where do we go from here? Today, there is a lot of information available on how to develop a security policy/framework for your municipality. Associations and agencies, such as, the American Water Works Association, the Water Environment Federation and their member associations, the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S., the RCMP and Public Safety Canada can provide information on securing your municipal infrastructure. Municipalities should also consider hiring consultants familiar with both SCADA and security systems to assist in developing policy frameworks. In order to provide safe drinking water to everyone, municipalities need to act now! 1. We need to develop more awareness at the municipal management level. 2. Security awareness and buy-in at the management level is critical to the acceptance of developing a security system framework. 3. Municipalities need to identify barriers or impediments to providing protection for our drinking water. 4. Municipalities need to identify new or existing staff who are accountable for making SCADA system infrastructure secure. 5. Look for assistance from provincial

and federal governments for funding security initiatives. 6. Develop education through local and provincial municipal associations and schools and work with law enforcement agencies. If your water system has not been compromised, it is not a question of “if” but

“when” it will be. An even bigger question is: if you were compromised today, how would you know? How would you mitigate or respond to the incident? Victor Wong, P.Eng., is with Opus DaytonKnight Consultants. E-mail: Victor.Wong@opusdaytonknight.com

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Water Treatment

Influences on biofilm development and corrosion in watermains By Garry A. Palmateer


orrosion of iron pipes in distribution systems can cause three distinct, but related problems. Firstly, pipe mass is lost due to oxidation of elemental iron into soluble ferrous species. Secondly, scale development, which results in tubercle formation, often causes increased head loss and decreased water capacity. Thirdly, the release of insoluble particulate iron, which is essentially iron corrosion by-products in water, decreases the aesthetic Tuality of the water and can result in consumer complaints of red water. Both chlorine resistant and pathogenic microoganisms may enter a distribution system, downstream of the treatment plant, through the following ways: 1. Failed backÀow preventers during a watermain installation or a broken watermain repair. 2. The intrusion of contaminated water into watermain joints when the pressure outside the watermain exceeds the pressure inside. 3. Cross-connections to private shallow wells, cisterns and other sources, which can be contaminated with coliforms and Escherichia coli. Although water is Àowing rapidly through watermains, its velocity at the pipe surface is essentially zero. This allows particulates carrying nutrients, such as dissolved organic carbon, soluble forms of nitrogen and phosphorous and trace elements, to accumulate. Micro– organisms are attracted to these nutrients. The growth of bacteria and fungi on the interior walls of a watermain is called bio¿lm. It occurs, to some degree, on all smooth pipe surfaces, but to a much larger extent on rough pipe surfaces. The attraction and attachment of individual bacterial cells to the pipe’s surface, will result in mixed layers of bacteria and fungi. Eventually, a coating of microbial cells will develop, so that the outer layer of the inter-connecting cells exists far from the pipe surface. These outermost formations tend to break or slough off from the underlying

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Extensive microbial growth on an old cast iron water pipe.

cells in a very random manner. When a new watermain is connected to an old cast iron, ductile iron or cement-coated iron pipe, the installation process can dislodJe pieces oI Eio¿lm. This often serves to contaminate water samples with coliform bacteria. In addition, the larger inner surface of the new pipe can create water velocity changes that result in a random sloughing of bio¿lm from portions of the inner surfaces of the old main. The complex structures formed by the many types of bacteria in bio¿lm, can serve to protect coliforms, Escherichia coli and pathogenic microoganisms from disinfection, which increases the public health risk. Among the factors that challenge some water purveyors more than others, are Àuctuations in the Tuality of source water. Seasonal changes in water Tuality in Southern 2ntario can vary

dramatically during summer months, when demand for water peaks. In cases where source waters are surface waters, water Tuality diminishes as volume decreases and temperature increases. Warmer waters with increased levels of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous, can augment bacterial growth in surface waters and bio¿lm accumulation in watermains. Water temperatures above ÛC have been shown to have a major positive effect on the growth of microorganisms in bio¿lm. 2rganic carbon is a key reTuirement for heterotrophic bacterial growth, along with readily available forms of nitrogen, such as ammonia, nitrites, nitrates and other nitrogenous compounds and soluble forms of phosphorous. Trace elements are also reTuired and are found in drinking water sources in abundance. The existence of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous in a ratio of 100:10:1 is

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Water Treatment optimal for heterotrophic bacteria and fungi to grow on the inner surface of watermain piping. Of primary importance is assimilable carbon, which is the measure of organic carbon metabolized by these microorganisms. io lm growth on pipe surfaces occurs where the surfaces are rough, typically as a result of chemical oxidation. This results in the accumulation of particulates that are often coated in nutrients. Attached bacteria can grow on these nutrients, which may be 10 to 100 times more concentrated than in the water passing through the pipe. The depth of the growth in a mature bio lm in watermain piping can reach 200 μm. f the process of bio lm growth is not controlled by disinfection, the diameter of the watermain pipe can become signi cantly reduced, which could cause pumping problems. n order to control bio lm de elop ment and kill any pathogens in old cast and ductile iron water pipes, uni directional swabbing of the distribution system, followed by disinfection with free chlorine, or chlorine dioxide,

with subsequent maintenance through chloramination, is necessary. here bio lm has de eloped to the point that multiple layers of bacteria exist, the types of bacteria begin to di ersify. Anaerobic conditions may de elop under the surface layers of cells. hen bio lm reaches 10 to 20 μm, arious types of anaerobic bacteria, including some opportunistic pathogens, will begin to colonize the actual surface of the pipe. Under anaerobic conditions, sulfate reducing bacteria are able to con ert sulfate in the water to sul de, which is ery corrosi e to iron pipes. The sul de actually electrolytically draws elemental iron from the pipe. At this point, pitting on the pipe surface commences and results in the formation of tubercles. The outer surface of the inside of the pipe, where conditions are aerobic, will be reddish, indicating oxidized iron. Underneath the outer tubercle de elopment, in the anaerobic zone on the pipe surface, a black substance de elops, which is iron sul de and which smells similar to hydrogen sul de. f the

pH is high enough (>8.0) at the pipe surface, hydrogen sul de forms. A n iro icrobial er ices td. has conducted many microscopic exam inations of cast iron watermain pipe samples with extensi e tuberculation. acteria comprised of arious la mentous bacteria, such as iron oxidizing Gallionella and Leptothrix, may be found on oxidized surfaces. Particles 10 to 0 μm in size ha e been found to ha e 10 to 100 bacteria per particle. The arious bacteria identi ed were attached to and underneath the tubercles. t has been suggested that bio lm can cause the accumulation of chloride and sulfate ions on pipe surfaces. Accumulation of sulfate ions can enhance the acti ity of sulfate reducing bacteria. A sulfate concentration of only 22 mg has been demonstrated to stimulate sulfate reducing bacteria. ulfate reducing bacteria produce sul de ions, which strongly attract ferrous ions from the electrolytic corrosion on the pipe surface. As more ferrous ions are attracted to the sul de ions, they form continued overleaf...

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Water Storage

Contingency and security in new water supply system


n 2011, the Town of Greater Napanee, Ontario, underwent some major upgrades to their water facilities. An evaluation study for the replacement of an aged raw water Àexible membrane tank, had established that the Town, even with its existing elevated steel tank, did not have suf¿cient treated water storage for ¿re Àow, eTuali]ation and emergency as required by the Ontario Ministry of Environment. It was decided that additional treated water storage would provide a safer water supply, should the Àexible membrane tank fail. Timing was very important as the existing water tower only held 14 per cent of the Town’s maximum daily Àow for treated water. As well, the raw water supply coming into the plant had de¿ciencies. R.V. Anderson Associates Limited (RVA) was hired by the Town to conduct an Environmental Assessment (EA) to determine the optimal location for the new treated water storage tank; summari]e design considerations in terms of type, si]e, and operational features of the tank, as well as any upgrades to the existing distribution system; and perform tendering and contract administration duties during construction. RVA looked at several types of tanks, but felt that glass lined steel tanks were

preferable as they were cost-effective and offered the shortest construction time. The Town wanted to get the EA, design and construction accomplished within a year, mainly in the fall and winter. As the new tank location was approximately the same elevation as the existing tank, they chose an above ground tank. :ith the ¿nal decisions made from the EA, the project was ready to go to tendering in the early fall. The tender put out was not typical; it was a weighted evaluation, based strongly on the Tuali¿cations and expe-

rience of the tenderer. Once the contract was awarded to Greatario Engineered Storage Systems Ltd., shop drawings were received almost immediately and any items were addressed. They were quickly reviewed and approved by both the Town and RVA. The project went from EA to commissioning in less than nine months. The tank itself was constructed in approximately two months. For more information, visit www.greatario.com



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The five essential elements of a modern hydrological monitoring program By Stu Hamilton


ater is essential for our physical and economic well-being, but droughts and Àoods are threats that require constant vigilance. In fact, it is dif¿cult to overstate the importance of the availability, reliability and accuracy of data from water monitoring programs. Industry best practices, methods and standards have changed to meet modern demands for water information. There are ¿ve essential elements that water resource managers should consider when updating their hydrological monitoring programs, whether their network monitors a small watershed or an entire continent. These are quality management system, network design, technology, training and data management. 1. Quality management system - A quality management system (QMS) is a set of standard operating procedures that

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govern the data production process to ensure that it is of consistent, known quality. Every monitoring program requires

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clear objectives for data quality, service and security that are closely linked with the needs of the end users. Quality is a result of process. These processes need to be compliant with documented standard operating procedures. There are several industry sources for hydrometric standards, including U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Techniques & Methods, USGS Techniques of Water Resources Investigations, ISO Technical Committee 113 and World Meteorological Organization Operational Hydrology Reports. A commitment to internationally accepted technical standards provides a basis for inter-comparability of data. There should be no systematic differences in data produced by different agencies, or even by different hydrographers within the same agency. The service objectives address end-user expectations, which include accuracy, timeliness, completeness and accessibility of data and reports. There is an increasing expectation that data should be openly discoverable, searchable and accessible. Harmonized standards for data interoperability are provided by the Open Geospatial Consortium. For example, the WaterML2.0 standard provides for the exchange of point-based time series data, processed

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

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Monitoring values, such as forecasts and aggregations and relevant information on monitoring points, procedures and context. Security is necessary because hydrometric data are valuable. There are large capital, human and operational investments in discharge information. The security objectives aim to protect these investments over the life of the data, since any information legacy is vulnerable to neglect, loss and destruction. Improperly managed technological advancements can result in fragmented records and incompatible formats. The Global Climate Observing System Principles provide several best practices for maintaining data integrity when managing time series data. In particular, “the details and history of local conditions, instruments, operating procedures, data processing algorithms and other factors pertinent to interpreting data (i.e., metadata) should be documented and treated with the same care as the data.” Best practices for data curating ensure that it is secure and stored out of harm’s way, that the metadata are com-

Minimum density per station (area in km2/station), as recommended by the World Meteorological Organization guide to Hydrological Practices.

plete and that documentation is available for any changes in methods that could potentially affect data integrity. Verifying that the quality objectives have been met is a two-step process: quality controls and quality assurance. Most national hydrometric services have developed their own QMS, but some are choosing to become certi¿ed in the standardized ISO 9000 method. A QMS must verify that the resulting products consistently meet the needs of

end-users. Any departure from expected results should provide feedback, creating a loop of continuous improvement. The needs of end-users change with time, so the QMS must be adaptive. 2. Network design - Network design is an ongoing process with new stations being established, and existing stations being discontinued, as program priorities and funding evolve. The challenge continued overleaf...


Phone: 610-236-1100 Email: stormwater@brentwoodindustries.com Web: www.brentwoodindustries.com


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Summer 2013 | 43

8/6/13 10:55 PM


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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:56 PM

Monitoring inductive, potentiometric, vibrating wire, vibrating cylinder or strain-gauge) and the method of deployment (e.g., bubbler, vented or compensated). For each combination of these technologies, there are numerous vendors and products available. Each product has a performance speci¿cation, that can be characteri]ed by an error band, hysteresis, resolution, sensitivity and time constant. Hydrometric network operators must consider several additional factors: • Reliability requirements: an acceptable mean time between failures. • Accuracy in the deployed setting: the blanking distance of some acoustic 'oppler current pro¿lers ($'CPs), for example, may be too great to correctly measure discharge for some stream geometries. • Cost of site access: for remote sites, the incremental costs of acoustic Doppler velocity meters ($D90s) for use with an index-velocity model may be easily recouped by reduced site visits. • Local site factors: high sediment transport, algal blooms and river ice

are all factors against deploying expensive submersible technology. • Instrument sensitivity and precision: relates to the time and effort spent on post-processing of the data. • Training and familiarity: limiting the variety of products deployed in a region can greatly reduce both the training burden and the likelihood of errors caused by a lack of familiarity with a speci¿c device. There are many factors that affect the total cost of ownership of technology. These include the initial capital cost, ¿eld calibration and service frequency requirements, unscheduled ¿eld visits to repair or replace, time and effort spent on corrections and post-processing of the data, data lost due to sensor failure, amount of data degraded by high uncertainty and supplies, such as compressed gas and power. 0oney saved at the time of purchase can be easily exceeded by operations and maintenance costs. Low-cost monitoring equipment does, nonetheless, have its place. For example, in monitoring a high-risk location, one needs to get as

much data as possible before the sensor is inevitably lost or destroyed. Telecommunication technologies offer a signi¿cant improvement in data reliability as a result of real-time station health monitoring and improvements in the timing of stream gauging activities. 4. Training - No investment in technology can compensate for poor decisions in data collection and data handling. Errors through procedural blunders are dif¿cult to detect and correct in data post-processing. Training accelerates the rate that competencies are gained, reducing errors. Stream hydrographers must be skilled in many disciplines to be truly effective. The measurement of Àowing water is a sophisticated application of science and engineering principles. Decisions made in the ¿eld and for data interpretation, require a basic understanding of physics, chemistry, biology, hydrology, hydrodynamics, Àuvial geomorphology, math and statistics. continued overleaf...

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Monitoring Additionally, the installation and operation of hydrometric monitoring equipment requires diverse skills. The stream hydrographer must make decisions to limit adverse environmental effects and to preserve both personal and public safety. In-house training and mentorship, as well as external training options should be considered. Some national hydrometric services such as the USGS, offer courses to the general public. Short courses in hydrometric methods are also available from hardware and software vendors, various colleges and UNESCO. Some useful, if limited, online training resources include USGS Surface Water Training, World Hydrological Cycle Observing System, University of Idaho, Humboldt College and Comet Training. 5. Data Management - Hydrologic data are complex. Stream hydrographers are responsible for storing, validating, analyzing and reporting on vast amounts of water data. Specialized hydrologic data management systems are commercially available to meet the evolving needs of hydrologists and to support current industry standards for water information management.

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One important role of the data management system is to establish the defensibility of the data by providing evidence of compliance with the quality management system. This means the system must preserve the full m hhistory of the data, inccluding who did what, when, how and why. w As a best practice, rraw data must be presserved intact and all cchanges must be recordeed and reversible. This eensures that data can be rrolled back in time to sshow exactly what edits, ccorrections, approvals oor notes were applied at aany point in time. This is particularly important when dynamically publishing data in real-time. The complete data processing history supports peer review and supervisory control. This history con¿rms the second half of the quality management mantra: “Say what you do, do what you say.” Hydrologists must manage many types of data, in all kinds of formats. All of this data and supporting metadata should be consolidated and managed as a secure, coherent collection. The best solutions support relational queries of this data collection. Web service connections to this database mean that data and metadata are accessible from anywhere, at any time. A modern hydrometric monitoring

system delivers data dynamically in real-time. The best data possible are continuously available. This means that end-users bene¿t as soon as new data are appended, erroneous values are ¿ltered, corrections are applied, rating curves are updated, or shift corrections are applied. The best solutions also provide end-users with informative metadata about the quality and status of the data. Data can be ¿ltered based on the state of the data in the QMS process. Archival quality data are clearly identi¿ed and “locked” from further editing. Automated noti¿cations provide timely warnings about hydrological events and alert hydrographers to any faults or station health indicators that require immediate attention. Automated data correction algorithms censor invalid values and correct persistent and/or predictable errors in real-time, eliminating onerous and repetitive tasks. Automated reporting provides high-value data products to water resources professionals and decision-makers on an event-driven or scheduled basis. The best solutions for developing and validating rating curves are engineered from basic hydraulic principles. The full suite of information gathered in the ¿eld is relevant to the calibration process, including: site photos, cross-sections, ¿eld notes, measurement quality, control conditions, historical ratings and the time series of stage data. Modern solutions for managing shift corrections include the inspection and interpretation of ¿eld

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:57 PM

Monitoring observations, residuals plot and time series visualizations. An evidence-based approacK to curve-¿ttinJ, produces better results more eI¿cientl\, tKan usinJ statistical methods. :ith modern h\drometric monitorinJ s\stems, discharJe derivation models are calibrated Zith respect to underl\inJ h\draulic science and enJineerinJ principles. The result is: ‡ ,mproved con¿dence in e[trapolation Zithin the ranJe oI NnoZn channel Jeometr\ . ‡ ,mproved aJreement on a solution diIIerent h\droJraphers Zill independentl\ produce similar results . ‡ ,mproved deIensibilit\ oI results ratinJ curve parameters help to constrain the solution . 9isual interpretation and anal\sis oI the data are needed to identiI\ errors that cannot be detected automaticall\. 6ophisticated Jraphical tools maNe it easier to calibrate time series data, usinJ ¿eld observations Irom a reIerence JauJe. 6pecialized corrections can be made Ior man\ oI the errors t\pical oI the technoloJies used Ior h\drometric monitorinJ. 6ophisticated methods are reTuired to estimate lonJer Japs in the data and Ior periods oI ice eIIect. ([tensive and comprehensive abilities are reTuired to comment on these actions and to add event marNers and Tualit\ Jrades and to chanJe the status of the data. The best data manaJement s\stems provide customizable report templates,

that can be tailored to match leJac\ reports or meet neZ reTuirements. The content of the reports can be ¿ltered accordinJ to status in the 406 so the riJht people have access to the riJht data at the riJht time. Access to Zeb services provides the abilit\ to d\namicall\ publish

data, based on metadata ¿lters, usinJ industr\-Zide standards. Stu Hamilton is with Aquatic Informatics. For more information, E-mail: genese.castonguay@ aquaticinformatics.com




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Wastewater Treatment

IPEX guards Lakeview WWTPâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ferrous chloride feed system


riJinally EXilt in the late s to handle an aYeraJe Ã&#x20AC;ow of  Pillion Jallons Ser day PJd  the *.(. %ooth /aNeYiew Wastewater 7reatPent 3lant WW73 is a Ney facility for the 5eJion of 3eel in Ontario. ,n  the facility Xnderwent a  Pillion e[Sansion to treat  PJd froP the Pore than . Pillion residents and  coPPercial EXsinesses in the eastern section of 0ississaXJa %raPSton %olton and &aledon (ast. ,t is e[Sected to effectiYely Peet the area¶s wastewater treatPent needs Xntil at least . 7he e[Sansion inclXded a new headworNs facility enhanced nitri¿cation a new Eiosolids handlinJ facility and additional incinerator caSacity. 8Son coPSletion of the SroMect /aNeYiew EecaPe the larJest Serforated-Slate screeninJ facility in 1orth $Perica and the larJest Ã&#x20AC;Xidi]ed-Eed Eiosolids

(Left) Visual leak detection stations were created using clear PVC pipes. (Right) The Guardian system is comprised of 2-inch carrier pipe inside a 4-inch containment pipe.

incineration facility in the world. Wastewater Ã&#x20AC;owinJ throXJh  SriPary sediPentation tanNs is Pi[ed with ferroXs chloride which helSs SreciSitate oXt solids and rePoYe e[cess ShosShorXs. )erroXs chloride is hiJhly corrosiYe. 7o ensXre safety and reliaEility the chePical feed systeP that transSorts it and the di-

lXtinJ carrier water is doXEle-contained to SreYent any SossiEle leaNs or sSills. ³7he chePical feed systeP is a lonJ systeP of SiSes rXnninJ throXJh XnderJroXnd tXnnels. $ny leaNs can create a safety ha]ard as well as Sotentially caXse daPaJe to the concrete strXctXre or other systePs rXnninJ throXJh the tXn-


DISPOSABLE FILTERS www.waterra.com (CANADA) Waterra Pumps Limited sales@waterra.com â&#x20AC;¢ tel: 905.238.5242 (USA) Waterra USA Inc. waterra@openaccess.org â&#x20AC;¢ tel: 360.738.3366

48 | Summer 2013

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 48

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:58 PM

Wastewater Treatment nels”, explains Vlad Petran, Manager of Wastewater Treatment, Capital Works, Region of Peel. Petran was formerly with AECOM Canada Ltd., the company that designed the system. During the initial design phase of the Lakeview project, IPEX worked with designers to introduce its Guardian™ Vinyl double-containment system. It is comprised of 2-inch Xirtec®140 Schedule 80 PVC carrier pipe inside a 4-inch Xirtec140 Schedule 40 PVC containment pipe. To reduce installation and maintenance costs, a patented Centra-Lok™ design allows the system to be installed in 20-foot lengths, while keeping the carrier pipe perfectly centered inside the containment piping. IPEX also helped to ¿nd the most economical way to design the system with expansion joints to accommodate seasonal temperature changes in the tunnels Maple Reinders Constructors Ltd. of Mississauga, Ontario, installed the Guardian system. Their Project Manager, Lyndon Grovum coordinated onsite training by IPEX for piping installers to emphasize proper solvent welding and other installation procedures prior to the job. Visual leak detection stations were

The chemical feed system is a long system of pipes running through underground tunnels.

created using clear PVC S40 pipes, as plant operation staff were concerned about detecting any leaks in the system. To provide extra peace of mind and a worry-free system, IPEX provided clear tubes at visible low points in the system where potential leaks would be noticed.

These detection points are inspected on a regular basis. The system is working as intended and no leaks have been experienced, since it was installed in 2009. For more information, E-mail: Paul.Agapito@ipexna.com

Together, Meeting the Challenges of Clean Water Are you looking for ways to improve your water treatment quality, to remove more TOC, to boost your biogas production or to generate less sludge? Kemira can help you solve these challenges and much more. At Kemira, we aim to be a leading water chemicals supplier for raw and waste water applications, serving municipalities and water intensive industries. Kemira has the expertise and knowledge to work with our customers in developing innovations that address the sustainable future of water. Tel. +1 800 465 6171 or +1 450 652 0665 info.canada@kemira.com kemira oyj kemira group www.esemag.com

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Summer 2013 | 49

8/6/13 10:58 PM

Mercury Removal

Canadian process removes soluble mercury from wastewater


esearch into a technology that remoYes heaYy metals Irom water is being conGXcteG by Zorbtech (nYironmental SolXtions, a small R ' company baseG in 2rillia, 2ntario The process Xses a highly eIIectiYe aGsorbent, 'ioZorbŒ, that can reGXce the leYel oI mercXry in wastewater How the technology works Zorbtech’s wastewater treatment process technology is baseG on two innoYations )irstly, a new Githiocarbamate was GeYelopeG, which aGsorbs mercXry onto its sXrIace SeconGly a process was GeYelopeG so the aTXeoXs stream coXlG react with Githiocarbamate to absorb solXble mercXry on to its sXrIace This process is Nnown as ³selI-assembleG mercaptan on mesoporoXs silica SAMMS

Ior mercXry remoYal Irom aTXeoXs streams´

In general terms, SAMMS is a process whereby certain organic monolayers ¿lms are applieG to a synthetic sXbstrate, Nnown as a Githiocarbamate +XnGreGs oI Githiocarbamates haYe been synthesi]eG anG XseG in YarioXs ¿elGs +oweYer classes which attract heaYy metals, sXch as mercXry, are relatiYely new 'on :ilson, the primary inYestigator anG research scientist, inYenteG one oI these new Githiocarbamates speci¿cally to aGsorb solXble mercXry +is methoG oI coating the sXrIace oI the sXbstrates Xses natXral materials anG has reGXceG treatment costs Gramatically 7his new Githiocarbamate has resXlteG in the GeYelopment oI e[tremely eI¿cient material that can aGsorb high YolXmes oI solXble mercXry anG other heaYy to[ic metals IoXnG in contaminateG aTXeoXs streams There are three steps to the Zorbtech aGsorbent process

Supplying a wide range of test kits and instrumentation for the detection and quantification of contaminants in soil, waste, water and air; ensuring your data quality objectives are met.



Western Regional Office 100, 18130-105 Avenue NW Edmonton, AB T5S 2T4 Phone: 1-800-560-4402 sales@ospreyscientific.com

50 | Summer 2013

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 50


Pesticides Turbidity Toxicity Salinity Nutrients

1. RemoYing, where appropriate, all sXspenGeG soliGs Irom the wastewater stream 2. Reacting the oXtÀow with the aGsorbent in a reaction Yessel 3. RemoYing spent aGsorbent Irom the Yessel anG soliGiIying it This encapsXlates the mercXry-laGen compoXnG It was GetermineG that, in orGer Ior the aGsorbent to be highly eI¿cient, a pre-treatment ¿ltration system was neeGeG to remoYe sXspenGeG soliGs This system consisteG oI sanG meGia containeG in -micron meGia ¿lter To proYe that this aGsorbent can remoYe solXble mercXry Irom wastewater streams to e[tremely low leYels, a pilot plant was GesigneG anG installeG in 2012 at a wastewater treatment plant in (lyria, 2hio The plant manager agreeG to allow the pilot plant to be installeG with the intent oI eYalXating the capability oI the technology anG to bring

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 10:58 PM

Mercury Removal soluble mercury levels to the required limits as set out by the Ohio EPA. The Elyria plant is an older secondary wastewater treatment facility that discharges into the Black River, which in turn Àows into /ake Erie. This river is considered an environmentally sensitive area, supporting recreational activities. The ¿nal reaction vessel used in the pilot plant was modi¿ed to improve the reaction process with mercury and the resin. As a result of this modi¿cation, the dynamFinal reaction vessel. ics surrounding the adsorbent and the water could be of water could be treated with a given observed. The key technical challenge volume of adsorbent. facing the research team was to maintain The results of the demonstration the volume of resin in a suspended Àuid- were validated by 0ercury One /td., ized state in such a manner that it would an independent testing laboratory that adsorb 99% of the soluble mercury in can detect low-levels of mercury in rethe wastewater stream. It was discovered al-time and on-site. They found that one that by employing a Àuidized bed during kilogram of DioZorb could capture 100 the reaction phase, a much larger volume grams of mercury and that it was effective

at reducing mercury levels to 1.3 ppt. Results of this pilot plant study are being submitted as part of an application for the evaluation of this technology by the Ontario Ministry of Environment. Zorbtech has calculated that one kilogram of DioZorb could treat some 379,000 cubic meters of wastewater. The company believes its treatment technology is a very signi¿cant and cost-effective breakthrough in the treatment of wastewaters containing soluble mercury. Diozorb may also have the capacity to remove other toxic metals from wastewater streams including copper, barium, arsenate, lead and iron. These metals are often still being discharged into the environment, as most treatment technologies cannot remove them from wastewater. For more information, E-mail: info@zorbtech-environmental.com

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ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 51

(USA) Waterra USA Inc. waterra@openaccess.org • tel: 360.738.3366

Summer 2013 | 51

8/6/13 10:58 PM

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8/6/13 10:59 PM

ES&E’s Annual Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions Associations ..................................................................53 Government Agencies ..................................................57 Colleges and Universities .............................................62

ES&E’s Guide To Associations ABORIGINAL WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO 140 Kawehnoke Apt Rd Akwesasne ON K6H 5R7 (613) 551-7411 Fax: (613) 575-1313 Web site: www.awwao.org

ASSOCIATED ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSORS OF CANADA INC. PO Box 490 Fenelon Falls ON K0M 1N0 (877) 512-3722 Web site: www.aesac.ca

BRITISH COLUMBIA WATER & WASTE ASSOCIATION (BCWWA) 221-8678 Greenall Ave Burnaby BC V5J 3M6 (604) 433-4389 Fax: (604) 433-9859 Web site: www.bcwwa.org

AIR & WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION (AWMA) One Gateway Center, 3rd Floor 420 Fort Duquesne Blvd Pittsburgh PA 15222-1435 USA (412) 232-3444 Fax: (412) 232-3450 Web site: www.awma.org

ASSOCIATION OF CONSULTING ENGINEERING COMPANIES (ACEC) 420-130 Albert St Ottawa ON K1P 5G4 (613) 236-0569 Fax: (613) 236-6193 Web site: www.acec.ca

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION FOR LABORATORY ACCREDITATION (CALA) 310-1565 Carling Ave Ottawa ON K1Z 8R1 (613) 233-5300 Fax: (613) 233-5501 Web site: www.cala.ca

ALBERTA WATER AND WASTEWATER OPERATORS ASSOCIATION (AWWOA) 10806-119 St Edmonton AB T5H 3P2 (780) 454-7745 Fax: (780) 454-7748 Web site: www.awwoa.ab.ca

ASSOCIATION OF MUNICIPALITIES OF ONTARIO 801-200 University Ave Toronto ON M5H 3C6 (416) 971-9856 Fax: (416) 971-6191 Web site: www.amo.on.ca

AMERICAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION 350-8445 Freeport Parkway Irving TX 75063-2595 USA (972) 506-7216 Fax: (972) 506-7682 Web site: www.concrete-pipe.org

ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO LAND SURVEYERS (AOLS) 1043 McNicoll Ave Toronto ON M1W 3W6 (416) 491-9020 Fax: (416) 491-2576 Web site: www.aols.org

AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERS Floor 19 – 3 Park Ave New York NY 10016-5991 USA (203) 702-7660 Fax: (203) 755-5177 Web site: www.aiche.org

ASSOCIATION OF POWER PRODUCERS OF ONTARIO (APPRO) 1602-25 Adelaide St E Toronto, ON M5C 3A1 (416) 322-6549 Fax: (416) 481-5785 Web site: www.appro.org

AMERICAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION 700-2345 Grand Blvd Kansas City MO 64108-2625 USA (816) 472-6100 Fax:(816) 472-1610 Web site: www.apwa.net

ATLANTIC CANADA WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION (ACWWA) PO Box 41002 Dartmouth NS B2Y 4P7 (902) 434-6002 Fax: (902) 435-7796 Web site: www.acwwa.ca

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS 1801 Alexander Bell Dr Reston VA 20191 USA (703) 295-6300 Web site: www.asce.org

AUDITING ASSOCIATION OF CANADA 129 Timber Dr London ON N6K 4A3 (866) 582-9595 Fax: (519) 488-3655 Web site: www.auditingcanada.com

AMERICAN WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (AWWA) 6666 W Quincy Ave Denver CO 80235-3098 USA (303) 794-7711 Fax: (303) 347-0804 Web site: www.awwa.org

BRITISH COLUMBIA GROUNDWATER ASSOCIATION 1708 - 197A St Langley BC V2Z 1K2 (604) 530-8934 Fax: (604) 530-8934 Web site: www.bcgwa.org

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGIES (We C.A.R.E.) 7885 Jock Trail Ottawa ON K0A 2Z0 (613) 222-6920 Fax: (613) 822-4987 Web site: www.renewables.ca CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF PETROLEUM PRODUCERS 2100-350 – 7 Ave SW Calgary AB T2P 3N9 (403) 267-1100 Fax: (403) 261-4622 Web site: www.capp.ca CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES (CARI-ACIR) 1-682 Monarch Ave Ajax ON L1S 4S2 (905) 426-9313 Fax: (905) 426-9314 Web site: www.cari-acir.org CANADIAN ASSOCIATION ON WATER QUALITY PO Box 5050 Stn LCD 1 Burlington ON L7R 4A6 (905) 336-6291 Fax: (905) 336-4877 Web site: www.cawq.ca CANADIAN BROWNFIELDS NETWORK (CBN) 310-2175 Sheppard Ave E Toronto ON M2J 1W8 (416) 491-2886 Fax: (416) 491-1670 Web site: www.canadianbrownfieldsnetwork.ca CANADIAN CENTRE FOR OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (CCOHS) 135 Hunter St E Hamilton ON L8N 1M5 (905) 572-2981 Fax: (905) 572-2206 Web site: www.ccohs.ca

continued overleaf... www.esemag.com

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 53

Summer 2013 | 53

8/6/13 10:59 PM


Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions

CANADIAN CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION 205 Miller Dr Georgetown ON L7G 6G4 (905) 877-5369 Fax: (905) 877-5369 Web site: www.ccpa.com CANADIAN COPPER & BRASS DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION 210-65 Overlea Blvd Toronto ON M4H 1P1 (416) 391-5599 Fax: (416) 391-3823 Web site: www.coppercanada.ca CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL CERTIFICATION APPROVALS BOARD (CECAB) 200-308 11th Ave SE Calgary AB T2G 0Y2 (403) 233-7484 Fax: (403) 264-6240 Web site: www.cecab.org CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW ASSOCIATION 301-130 Spadina Ave Toronto ON M5V 2L4 (416) 960-2284 Fax: (905) 960-9392 Web site: www.cela.ca CANADIAN GENERAL STANDARDS BOARD (CSGB) 6B1-11 Laurier St Place du Portage III Gatineau QC K1A 1G6 (819) 956-0425 Fax: (819) 956-5740 Web site: www.tpsgc-pwgsc.gc.ca CANADIAN GROUND WATER ASSOCIATION 1600 Bedford Hwy, Suites 100â&#x20AC;&#x201C;409 Bedford NS B4A 1E8 (902) 845-1885 Fax: (902) 845-1886 Web site: www.cgwa.org CANADIAN INSTITUTE FOR ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICY (CIELAP) 301-130 Spadina Ave Toronto ON M5V 2L4 (416) 960-2284 Fax: (416) 960-9392 Web site: www.cielap.org CANADIAN PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION (CPWA) 797 Somerset St W Ottawa ON K1R 6R3 (202) 408-9541 Fax: (202) 408-9542 Web site: www.cpwa.net CANADIAN SOCIETY FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING (CSCE) 477 Sherbrooke St W Montreal QC H3Z 1G9 (514) 933-2634 Fax: (514) 933-3504 Web site: www.csce.ca CANADIAN STANDARDS ASSOCIATION (CSA) 178 Rexdale Blvd Toronto ON M9W 1R3 (416) 747-4000 Fax: (416) 401-2473 Web site: www.csa.ca CANADIAN WATER AND WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION (CWWA) 11-1010 Polytek St Ottawa ON K1J 9H9 (613) 747-0524 Fax: (613) 747-0523 Web site: www.cwwa.ca CANADIAN WATER NETWORK UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO 200 University Ave W

54 | Summer 2013

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Waterloo ON N2G 3L1 (519) 888-4567 X 36337 Fax: (519) 883-7574 Web site: www.cwn-rce.ca CANADIAN WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION 504-295 The West Mall Toronto ON M9C 4Z4 (416) 695-3068 Fax: (416) 695-2945 Web site: www.cwqa.com

GEORGIAN BAY ASSOCIATION 18 Fenwick Ave Toronto ON M4K 3H3 416-219-4248 Web site: www.georgianbayassociation.com

CANADIAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION 9 Corvus Ct., Ottawa ON K2E 7Z4 (613) 237-9363 Fax: (613) 594-5190 Web site: www.cwra.org

INTERNATIONAL OZONE ASSOCIATION PO Box 28873 Scottsdale AZ 85255 USA (480) 529-3787 Fax: (480) 522-3080 Web site: www.io3a.org

CANADIAN WIND ENERGY ASSOCIATION 710-1600 Carling Ave Ottawa ON K1Z 1G3 (613) 234-8716, (800) 922-6932 Fax: (613) 234-5642 Web site: www.canwea.ca

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SCIENCES (ISEIS) 413-4246 Albert St Regina SK S4S 3R9 (306) 337-2306 Fax: (306) 337-2305 Web site: www.iseis.org

CEMENT ASSOCIATION OF CANADA 704-1500 Don Mills Rd Toronto ON M3B 3K4 (416) 449-3708 Fax: (416) 449-9755 Web site: www.cement.ca

INTERNATIONAL ULTRAVIOLET ASSOCIATION 276-1718 M St NW Washington DC 20036 USA (202) 422-2445 Fax: (202) 318-4561 Web site: www.iuva.org

CHEMISTRY INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION OF CANADA 805-350 Sparks St Ottawa ON K1R 7S8 (613) 237-6215 Fax: (613) 237-4061 Web site: www.canadianchemistry.ca

MANITOBA ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION INC. (MEIA) 100-62 Albert St Winnipeg MB R3B 1E9 (204) 783-7090 Fax: (204) 783-6501 Web site: www.meia.mb.ca

COMPOSTING COUNCIL OF CANADA 16 Northumberland St Toronto ON M6H 1P7 (416) 535-0240 Fax: (416) 536-9892 Web site: www.compost.org CONSERVATION COUNCIL OF ONTARIO 132-215 Spadina Ave Toronto ON M5T 2C7 (416) 533-1635 Web site: www.weconserve.ca CONSULTING ENGINEERS OF ONTARIO 405-10 Four Seasons Place Toronto ON M9B 6H7 (416) 620-1400 Fax: (416) 620-5803 Web site: www.ceo.on.ca CORRUGATED STEEL PIPE INSTITUTE (CSPI) 2A-652 Bishop St N Cambridge ON N3H 4V6 (866) 295-2416, (519) 650-8080 Fax: (519) 650-8081 Web site: www.cspi.ca CSA INTERNATIONAL 178 Rexdale Blvd Toronto ON M9W 1R3 (416) 747-4000 Fax: (416) 747-4149 Web site: www.csa-international.org DUCTILE IRON PIPE RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (DIPRA) 429-2000 2nd Ave S Birmingham AL 35233 USA (205) 402-8700 Fax: (205) 402-8730 Web site: www.dipra.org EARTH ENERGY SOCIETY OF CANADA 435 Brennan Ave Ottawa ON K1Z 6J9 (613) 371-3372 Fax: (613) 822-4987 Web site: www.earthenergy.ca

ECO CANADA 200-308 11 Ave SE Calgary AB T2G 0Y2 (403) 233-0748 Fax: (403) 269-9544 Web site: www.eco.ca

MANITOBA WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION 215-9 Saskatchewan Ave W, PO Box 1600 Portage La Prairie MB R1N 3P1 (204) 239-6868 Fax: (204) 239-6872 Web site: www.mwwa.net MARITIME PROVINCES WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION (MPWWA) PO Box 41001 Dartmouth NS B2Y 4P7 (902) 434-8874 Web site: www.mpwwa.ca MUNICIPAL ENGINEERS ASSOCIATION 22-1525 Cornwall Rd Oakville ON L6J 0B2 (289) 291-6472 Fax: (289) 291-6477 Web site: www.municipalengineers.on.ca MUNICIPAL WASTE ASSOCIATION (MWA) 100-127 Wyndham St N Guelph ON N1H 4E9 (519) 823-1990 Fax: (519) 823-0084 Web site: www.municipalwaste.ca NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CLEAN WATER AGENCIES 1816 Jefferson Place NW Washington DC 20036 USA (202) 833-2672 Fax: (888) 267-9505 Web site: www.nacwa.org NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL BALANCING BUREAU 8575 Grovemont Cir Gathersburg MD 20877 USA (301) 977-3698 Fax: (301) 977-9589 Web site: www.nebb.org

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Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions NATIONAL GROUND WATER ASSOCIATION 601 Dempsey Rd Westerville OH 43081 USA (614) 898-7791 Fax: (614) 898-7786 Web site: www.ngwa.org NEW BRUNSWICK ENVIRONMENT INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (NBEIA) PO Box 637 Stn A Fredericton NB E3B 5B3 (506) 455-0212 Fax: (506) 452-0213 Web site: www.nbeia.nb.ca NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (NEIA) 207-90 O’Leary Ave, Parsons Building St. John’s NL A1B 2C7 (709) 237-8090 Fax: (709) 772-3213 Web site: www.neia.org NORTH AMERICAN HAZARDOUS MATERIALS MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION 3030 W 81st Ave Westminster CO 80031-4111 USA (303) 451-5945 Fax: (303) 458-0002 Web site: www.nahmma.org NORTHERN TERRITORIES WATER & WASTE ASSOCIATION 201-4817 49th St Yellowknife NT X1A 3S7 (867) 873-4325 Fax: (867) 669-2167 Web site: www.ntwwa.com NORTHWESTERN ONTARIO MUNICIPAL ASSOCIATION PO Box 10308 Thunder Bay ON P7B 6T8 (807) 807-683-6662 Web site: www.noma.on.ca ONTARIO ASSOCIATION OF CERTIFIED ENGINEERING TECHNICIANS AND TECHNOLOGISTS (OACETT) 404-10 Four Seasons Pl Toronto ON M9B 6H7 (416) 621-9621 Fax: (416) 621-8694 Web site: www.oacett.org ONTARIO ASSOCIATION OF SEWAGE INDUSTRY SERVICES PO Box 184 Bethany ON L0A 1A0 (877) 202-0082 Fax: (877) 259-5586 Web site: www.oasisontario.on.ca ONTARIO BACKFLOW PREVENTION ASSOCIATION PO Box 265 Campbellville ON L0P 1B0 (416) 249-2837 Fax: (905) 854-0180 Web site: www.obpaonline.com ONTARIO CENTER FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENT (OCETA) 201A-2070 Hadwen Rd Mississauga ON L5K 2C9 (905) 822-4133 Fax: (905) 822-3558 Web site: www.oceta.on.ca ONTARIO COALITION FOR SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE Web site: www.on-csi.ca ONTARIO CONCRETE PIPE ASSOCIATION Floor 2-447 Frederick St,


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Kitchener ON N2H 2P4 (519) 489-4488 Fax: (519) 578-6060 Web site: www.ocpa.com

ONTARIO ENVIRONMENT INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (ONEIA) 410-216 Spadina Ave Toronto ON M5T 2C7 (416) 531-7884 Fax: (416) 644-0116 E-mail: info@oneia.ca Web site: www.oneia.ca ONEIA is the business association representing the interests of Ontario’s environment industry – working together to promote environmental businesses to industry and government. With over 200 product and service companies, members provide market-driven solutions for society’s most pressing environmental problems. ONTARIO GROUND WATER ASSOCIATION 48 Front St E Strathroy ON N7G 1Y6 (519) 245-7194 Fax: (519) 245-7196 Web site: www.ogwa.ca ONTARIO MUNICIPAL WATER ASSOCIATION 43 Chelsea Cres Belleville ON K8N 4Z5 (613) 966-1100, (888) 231-1115 Fax: (613) 966-3024 Web site: www.omwa.org


ONTARIO RURAL WASTEWATER CENTRE University of Guelph School of Engineering Guelph ON N1G 2W1 (519) 824-4120 x 54687 Fax: (519) 836-0227 ONTARIO SEWER & WATERMAIN CONSTRUCTION ASSOCIATION 300-5045 Orbitor Dr Building 12 Mississauga ON L4W 4Y4 (905) 629-7766 Fax: (905) 629-0587 Web site: www.oswca.org ONTARIO SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS 502-4950 Yonge St Toronto, Ontario M2N 6K1 (416) 223-9961 Fax: (416) 223-9963 Web site: www.ospe.on.ca ONTARIO WASTE MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION 3-2005 Clark Blvd Brampton ON L6T 5P8 (905) 791-9500 Fax: (905) 791-9514 Web site: www.owma.org ONTARIO WATERPOWER ASSOCIATION 264-380 Armour Rd Peterborough ON K9H 7L7 (866) 743-1500 Fax: (705) 743-1570 Web site: www.owa.ca ONTARIO WATER WORKS ASSOCIATION (OWWA) 100-922 The East Mall Dr Toronto ON M9B 6K1 (416) 231-1555 Web site: www.owwa.com

ONTARIO ONSITE WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION 3781 Strandherd Rd Box 34065 Strandherd RO Nepean ON K2J 5B1 (855) 905-6692 Web site: www.oowa.org

ONTARIO POLLUTION CONTROL EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATION (OPCEA) PO Box 137 Midhurst ON L0L 1X0 (705) 725-0917 Fax: (705) 725-1068 Web site: www.opcea.com Our association is a non-profit organization dedicated to assisting member companies in the promotion of their equipment and services to the pollution control market sector of Ontario. Originally founded in 1970, the OPCEA has since grown to over 160 member companies whose fields encompass a broad spectrum of equipment and services for the air and water pollution control marketplace. ONTARIO PUBLIC WORKS ASSOCIATION 22-1525 Cornwall Rd Oakville ON L6J 0B2 (647) 726-0167 Fax: (289) 291-6477 Web site: www.opwa.ca

ONTARIO WATERWORKS EQUIPMENT ASSOCIATION Web site: www.owwea.ca The Ontario Water Works Equipment Association (OWWEA) is an organization that represents its membership within the waterworks industry of Ontario. Membership consists of manufacturers, suppliers, distributors, agents and contractors dedicated to serving the Ontario municipal market. PLASTICS PIPE INSTITUTE 825-105 Decker Crt Irving TX 75062 USA (469) 499-1044 Fax: (469) 499-1063 Web site: www.plasticpipe.org PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS ONTARIO 101-40 Sheppard Ave W Toronto ON M2N 6K9 (416) 224-1100, (800) 339-3716 Web site: www.peo.on.ca PULP AND PAPER TECHNICAL ASSOCIATION OF CANADA 1070-740 rue Notre-Dame O Montreal QC H3C 3X6 (514) 392-0265 Fax: (514) 392-0369 Web site: www.paptac.ca

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RESEAU ENVIRONNEMENT 220-911 rue Jean-Talon E Montreal QC H2R 1V5 (514) 270-7110 Fax: (514) 270-7154 Web site: www.reseau-environnement.com SASKATCHEWAN ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRY AND MANAGERS ASSOCIATION (SEIMA) 2341 McIntyre St Regina SK S4P 2S3 (306) 543-1567 Fax: (306) 543-1568 Web site: www.seima.sk.ca

SASKATCHEWAN WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCIATION (SWWA) PO Box 7831 Stn Main Saskatoon SK S7K 4R5 (306) 668-1278 Fax: (306) 668-1279 Web site: www.swwa.sk.ca

SOLID WASTE ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA (SWANA) 700-1100 Wayne Ave Silver Spring MD 20910 USA (800) 467-9262 Fax: (301) 589-7068 Web site: www.swana.org

SOLAR ENERGY AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SOCIETY OF CANADA INC. 1700 Des Broussailles Terrasse Ottawa ON K1C 5T1 (613) 824-1710 Web site: www.sesci.ca

STEEL TANK INSTITUTE/STEEL PLATE FABRICATORS ASSOCIATION (STI/SPFA) 844 Bonata Crt Lake Zurich,IL 60047 USA (847) 438-8265 Fax: (847) 438-8766 Web site: www.steeltank.com THE GREEN BUILDING INITIATIVE 2104 SE Morrison Portland,OR 97214 USA (503) 274-0448 Fax: (503) 961-8991 Web site: www.thegbi.org WATER AND WASTEWATER EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (WWEMA) PO Box 17402 Washington DC 20041 USA (703) 444-1777 Fax: (703) 444-1779 Web site: www.wwema.org WATER ENVIRONMENT ASSOCIATION OF ONTARIO (WEAO) PO Box 176 Stn Main Milton ON L9T 4N9 (416) 410-6933 Fax: (416) 410-1626 Web site: www.weao.org

While the Water Environment Federation continues to provide you with the greatest access to water quality technology and education available today, we understand the economic challenges being faced by the water sector, and are pleased to provide you more for less.

WATER ENVIRONMENT FEDERATION 601 Wythe St Alexandria VA 22314-1994 USA (800) 666-0206 Fax: (703) 684-2492 Web site: www.wef.org


Conference: October 5 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 9 | Exhibition: October 7â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 9 McCormick Place South | Chicago, Illinois USA

WATER FOR PEOPLE-CANADA 400-245 Consumers Rd Toronto ON M2J 1R3 (416) 499-4042 Fax: (416) 499-4687 E-mail: info@waterforpeople.org Web site: www.waterforpeople.org Water For People-Canada is a charitable nonprofit international humanitarian organization dedicated to the development and delivery of clean, safe water and sanitation solutions in developing nations. It is the Canadian equivalent of the US based charity, Water For People. Canadian water industry professionals established it in 1995, to support and promote the mission of Water For People in Canada among the public and the water community. WESTERN CANADA WATER & WASTEWATER ASSOCATION PO Box 1708 Cochrane AB T4C 1B6 (403) 709-0064 or (877) 283-2003 Fax: (877) 283-2007 Web site: www.wcwwa.ca

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Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions

ES&E’s Guide to Provincial and Federal Government Environmental Agencies Alberta Environment Information Centre Main Floor, 9820–106 St, Edmonton,AB T5K 2J6 Tel:780-427-2700 Sustainable Resource Development Information Centre 9920-108 St NW,Edmonton,AB T5K 2M4 Tel:780-944-0313 Water Management Operations Floor 3,Deerfoot Sq,2938-11 St NE, Calgary,AB T2E 7L7 Tel:403-297-6517 24-hour Environmental Hotline Tel:1-800-222-6514

Regional Offices: Central – Red Deer 304 Provincial Bldg,4920–51 St, Red Deer,AB T4N 6K8 Tel:403-340-5022 Southern – Calgary Floor 3,Deerfoot Square Bldg,2938 11 St NE, Calgary,AB T2E 7L7 Tel:403-297-6294 Northern – Edmonton Floor 1,Twin Atria Bldg,4999-98 Ave, Edmonton,AB T6B 2X3 Tel: 780-427-0689

Local Offices: Bow Floor 3,Deerfoot Sq,2938-11 St NE, Calgary,AB T2E 7L7 Tel:403-297-6517 Camrose Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,4867–50 St, Camrose,AB T4V 1P6 Tel:780-679-1274 Dickson Dam PO Box 6139, Innisfail,AB T4G 1SA Tel:403-227-1106 Fort Chipewyan PO Box 39,Fort Chipewyan,AB T0P 1B0 Tel:780-697-3762 Fort MacLeod 744–26 St,Fort Macleod,AB T0L 0Z0 Tel:403-553-5053 Fort McMurray Floor 6,Provincial Bldg,9915 Franklin Ave, Fort McMurray,AB T9H 2K4 Tel:780-743-7472 Grand Prairie Floor 1,Provincial Bldg,10320–99 St, Grand Prairie,AB T8V 6J4 Tel:780-538-8040 Hanna Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,401 Centre St, Hanna,AB T0J 1P0 Tel:403-854-5579 High Level Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,10106–100 Ave, High Level,AB T0H 1Z0 Tel:780-926-5263 High Prairie Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,5226–53 Ave, High Prairie,AB T0G 1E0 Tel:780-523-6512 Lac La Biche Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,9503 Beaverhill Rd,


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Lac La Biche,AB T0A 2C0 Tel:780-623-5420 Lethbridge Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,200–5 Ave S, Lethbridge,AB T1J 4L1 Tel:403-381-5322 Medicine Hat Floor 3,Provincial Bldg,346–3 St SE, Medicine Hat,AB T1A 0G7 Tel:403-528-5205 Old Man River Dam 769 Main St, Pincher Creek,AB T0K 1W0 Tel:403-627-5544 Peace River Floor 2,Provincial Bldg,9621–96 Ave, Peace River,AB T8S 1T4 Tel:780-624-6502 Red Deer Floor 3,Provincial Bldg,4920-51 St, Red Deer,AB T4N 8K3 (780) 675-8224 Rocky Mountain House Floor 1,Provincial Bldg,4919–51 St, Rocky Mountain House,AB T45 1B5 Tel:403-845-8241 Spruce Grove Floor 1,250 Diamond Ave, Spruce Grove,AB T7X 4C7 Tel:780-960-8600 St Mary Dam PO Box 1, Spring Coulee,AB T0K 2C0 Tel:403-758-3382 Swan Hills Gaetan Bldg,4831 Plaza Ave, Swan Hills,AB T0G 2C0 Tel:780-333-2131 Vulcan/Arrowhead Drawer 930,1009–2 Ave N, Vulcan,AB T0L 2B0 Tel:403-485-4580 Wainwright Provincial Bldg,810–14 Ave, Wainwright,AB T9W 1R2 Tel:780-842-7535

Tel:250-387-9666 Water Stewardship PO Box 9339 Stn. Prov Govt, Victoria,BC V8W 9M1 Tel:250-387-6003

Regional Offices: Vancouver Island 2080-A Labieux Rd,Nanaimo,BC V9T 6J9 Tel:250-751-3100 Lower Mainland Floor 2,10470 152nd St,Surrey,BC V3R 0Y3 Tel:604-582-5200 Thompson 1259 Dalhousie Dr,Kamloops,BC V2C 5Z5 Tel:250-371-6281 Kootenay 401-333 Victoria St,Nelson,BC V1L 4K3 205 Industrial Rd, Cranbrook,BC V1C 7G5 Tel:250-354-6333 Cariboo 400-640 Borland St Williams Lake,BC V2G 4T1 Tel:250-398-4530 Skeena 3726 Alfred Ave,Smithers,BC V0J 2N0 Tel:250-847-7260 Omineca 4051 18th Ave,

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Key Government Alberta Web Sites www.gov.ab.ca

British Columbia www.gov.bc.ca

Government of Canada www.gc.ca

Manitoba www.gov.mb.ca

British Columbia

New Brunswick

Head Office:

Newfoundland and Labrador

PO Box 9339 Stn. Prov Govt, Victoria,BC V8W 9M1 Tel:250-387-1161 Environmental Emergencies (Toll Free) 1-800-663-3456 Parks & Conservation Service PO Box 9376 Stn Prov. Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9M1 Tel:250-356-9234 Environmental Protection PO Box 9339 Stn. Prov Govt, Victoria,BC V8W 9M1 Tel:250-387-1288 Environmental Stewardship PO Box 9339 Stn. Prov Govt, Victoria,BC V8W 9M1 Tel:250-356-0121 Environmental Sustainability & Strategic Policy PO Box 9335 Stn. Prov Govt, Victoria,BC M8W 9M1

www.gnb.ca www.gov.nl.ca

Northwest Territories www.gov.nt.ca

Nova Scotia www.gov.ns.ca

Nunavut www.gov.nu.ca

Ontario www.gov.on.ca

Prince Edward Island www.gov.pe.ca

Québec www.gouv.qc.ca

Saskatchewan www.gov.sk.ca

Yukon Territory www.gov.yk.ca

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Prince George,BC V2N 1B3 Tel:250-565-6135 Peace 400-10003 110th Ave, Fort St John,BC V1J 6M7 Tel:250-787-3411 Okanagan 102 Industrial Pl,Penticton,BC V1J 6M2 Tel:250-371-6281

Manitoba Conservation & Water Stewardship 200 Saulteaux Cres, Winnipeg,MB R3J 3W3 Tel:1-800-214-6487 Clean Environment Commission 305-155 Carlton St, Winnipeg,MB R3C 3H8 Tel:204-945-0594 Conservation Agreements Board c/o Manitoba Habitat Heritage Corp 200-1555 James St, Winnipeg,MB R3H 1B5 Tel:204-784-4350 Conservation Districts Commission c/o Planning & Coordination Branch 123 Main St,PO Box 20000, Neepawa,MB R0J 1H0 Tel:204-476-7033 Hazardous Waste Management Corp. Board 1803 Hekla Ave,Winnipeg,MB Round Table for Sustainable Development (MRT) 160-123 Main St,Winnipeg,MB R3C 1A5 Tel: 204-945-1869 Environment Services 1007 Century St,Winnipeg,MB R3H 0W4 Tel:204-945-2970 Environmental Emergency 24 hour Service Tel:204-944-4888

South Western Region 3 1129 Queens Ave,Brandon,MB R7A 1L9 Tel:204-726-6301 Boissevain 420 South Railway St, Boissevain,MB R0K 0E0 Tel:204-534-2030 Minnedosa Fl2-36 Armitage Ave, Minnedosa,MB R0J 1E0 Tel:204-867-4700 Virden 326 King St,Virden,MB R0M 2C0 Tel:204-748-4777 Birtle 726 Main St,Birtle,MB R0M 0C0 Tel:204-842-7710

West Central Region 4 160-123 Main St,Winnipeg,MB R3C 1A5 Tel:204-948-2338 Dauphin 27-2nd Ave SW,Dauphin,MB R7N 3E5 Tel:204-622-2030 Swan River 201-4th Ave S,Swan River,MB R0L 1Z0 Tel:204-734-3413 Ashern PO Box 340,Ashern,MB R0C 0E0 Tel:204-768-2427

Northern Region 5 Western 3rd St & Ross Ave,The Pas,MB R9A 1M4 Tel:204-627-8215 Eastern 59 Elizabeth Dr,Thompson,MB R8N 1X4 The Pas Provincial Bldg,The Pas,MB R9A 1M4 Tel:204-627-8499 Thompson 59 Elizabeth Dr,Thompson,MB R8N 1X4 Tel:204-677-6857

Regional Offices:

New Brunswick

Eastern Region 1

Head Office:

Prov Hwy #502,PO Box 400, Lac du Bonnet, MB R0E 1A0 Tel:(204) 345-1431 Selkirk Lower Level,446 Main St, Selkirk,MB R1A 1V7 Tel:204-785-5030 Steinbach 5-284 Reimer Ave,Steinbach,MB R5G 1N6 Tel:204-346-6060 Winnipeg 94 Hoka St,Winnipeg,MB R2C 3N2 Tel:204-945-6270

South Central Region 2 75-7th Ave,Gimli,MB R0C 1B0 Tel:204-642-6070 Portage la Prairie 25 Tupper St N, Portage la Prairie,MB R1N 3K1 Tel:204-239-3608 Arborg 317 River Rd,Arborg,MB R0C 0A0 Tel:204-376-3333 Carman SW 31-6-4W,Carman, MB R0G 0J0 Tel:204-745-5482 Warren PO Box 147,Warren,MB R0C 3E0 Tel:204-322-5343

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Marysville Place,PO Box 6000, Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-453-2690 Environmental Emergency 24 Hour Service Tel:1-800-565-1633 Assessment & Planning Appeal Board City Centre,PO Box 6000, Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-453-2126 Royal District Planning Commission 1-49 Winter St,Sussex,NB E4E 2W8 Tel:506-432-7530 Community Planning & Environmental Protection Division Marysville Pl,PO Box 6000, Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-444-5119 Partnerships & Innovation Division Marysville Pl,PO Box 6000, Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-453-2862 Policy & Strategic Initiatives Division Marysville Pl,PO Box 6000, Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-453-3700

Regional Offices: Region 1 – Bathurst

159 Main St,Room 202,PO Box 5001, Bathurst,NB E2A 1A6 Tel:506-547-2092 Region 2 – Miramichi 316 Dalton Ave,Miramichi,NB E1V 3N9 Tel:506-778-6032 Region 3 – Moncton PO Box 5001,Moncton,NB E1C 8R3 Tel:506-856-2374 Region 4 – Saint John PO Box 5001,Saint John,NB E2L 4X9 Tel:506-658-2558 Region 5 – Fredericton Priestman Ctr,565 Priestman St,PO Box 6000,Fredericton,NB E3B 5H1 Tel:506-444-5149 Region 6 – Grand Falls PO Box 5001,Grand Falls,NB E3Z 1G1 Tel:506-473-7744

Newfoundland/ Labrador Head Office: Floor 4,West Block,Confederation Bldg, PO Box 8700, St.John’s,NL A1B 4J6 Tel:709-729-2664 Environmental Spill Emergencies (24 hr service) Tel:709-772-2083 Multi-Materials Stewardship Board PO Box 8131 A, St John’s, NL A1B 3M9 Tel:709-753-0974

Regional Offices: Corner Brook Floor 3,Noton Bldg,133 Riverside Dr, PO Box 2006, Corner Brook,NL A2H 6J8 Tel:709-637-2204 Grand Falls-Windsor Provincial Bldg,3 Cromer Ave, Grand Falls-Windsor,NL A2A 1W9 Tel:709-292-4206 Happy Valley-Goose Bay 2 Tenth St, Happy Valley-Goose Bay,NL A0P 1E0 Tel:709-896-5428 Stephensville 35 Alabama Dr, Stephensville,NL A2N 3K9 Tel:709-643-8650

Northwest Territories & Nunavut Ministry of Environment PO Box 1320,Yellowknife,NT X1A 2L9 Tel:867-873-7654

Regions: Deh Cho Floor 2,Milton Bldg,PO Box 240, Fort Simpson,NT X0E 0N0 Tel:867-695-7450 Inuvik Floor 2-Semmler Bldg,Bag Service #1,Inuvik,NT X0E 0T0 Tel:867-678-6690 Sahtu PO Box 130,Norman Wells,NT X0E 0V0 Tel:867-587-3500

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Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions South Slave (Fort Smith) Sweetgrass Bldg,PO Box 390, Fort Smith,NT X0E 0P0 Tel:867-872-6400 North Slave PO Box 2668,Yellowknife,NT X1A 2P9 Tel:867-873-7184 Government of Nunavut Inuksugait Plaza/PO Box 1000 Station 1300,Iqaluit,NU X0A 0H0 Tel:867-975-7700 Environmental Protection Tel:867-975-5907 Emergency Management PO Box 1000 Stn. 700,Iqaluit,NU X0A 0H0 Tel: 867-975-5403, 800-693-1666 Ministry of Environment Inuksugait Plaza/PO Box 1000 Stn 1300,Iqaluit,NU X0A 0H0 Tel: 867-975-7700, 877-975-7742

Baffin Region Arctic Bay Tel:867-439-9945 Cape Dorset Tel:867-897-8932 Clyde River Tel:867-924-6235 Grise Fiord Tel:867-980-4164 Hall Beach Tel:867-928-8507 Igloolik Tel:867-934-8999 Iqaluit Tel:867-979-7800 Kimmirut Tel:867-939-2004 Pangnirtung Tel:867-473-8937 Pond Inlet Tel:867-899-8819 Qikqtarjuaq Tel:867-927-8966 Resolute Tel:867-252-3879 Sanikiluaq Tel:867-266-8098

Kivalliq Region Arviat Tel:867-857-2976 Baker Lake Tel:867-793-2944 Chesterfield Inlet Tel:867-898-9130 Coral Harbour Tel:867-925-8823 Rankin Inlet Tel:867-645-8084 Repulse Bay Tel:867-462-4002 Whale Cove Tel:867-896-9187

Kitikmeot Region Cambridge Bay Tel:867-983-4164 Gjoa Haven Tel:867-360-7605 Kugluktuk Tel:867-982-7450

Nova Scotia Ministry of the Environment 5151 Terminal Rd/PO Box 697,


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Halifax,NS B3J 2T8 Tel:902-424-3600 Emergency After Hours Tel:1-800-565-1633 Environmental Monitoring & Compliance Tel:902-424-2547

Regional Offices: Central Halifax Peninsula Area (Westward) Tel:902-424-8183 Hants & Halifax County Tel:902-424-3852 HRM, East Hants, West Hants Area Suite 115,30 Damascus Rd,Bedford Commons,Bedford,NS B4A 0C1 Tel:902-424-7773 South Dartmouth & Eastern Shore Areas Tel:902-424-3856

Eastern CBRM, Victoria County, Northern Inverness Tel:902-563-2100 Port Hawkesbury & Sydney Suite 2,1030 Upper Prince St,Sydney,NS B1P 5P6 Tel:902-563-2100 Richmond County, Southern Inverness, Mulgrave, Auld’s Cove Suite 12,218 MacSween St,Port Hawkesbury,NS B9A 2J9 Tel:902-625-0791

Northern Amherst, Antigonish, Truro, Pictou Floor 2-36 Inglis Pl,PO Box 824,Truro,NS B2N 5G6 Tel: 902-893-5880 Antigonish & Guyborough Counties Suite 205,155 Main St,Antigonish,NS B2N 2B6 Tel:902-863-7411 Colchester County Tel:902-893-5880 Cumberland County 71 E Victoria St,Amherst,NS B4H 1X7 Tel:902-667-6205 Pictou County 20 Pumphouse Rd,RR 3,New Glasgow,NS B2H 5C6 Tel:902-396-4194

Western Bridgewater, Kentville, Kings, Annapolis & Yarmouth 136 Exhibition St,Kentville,NS B4N 4E5 Tel:902-679-6086 Digby, Yarmouth & Shelbourne Counties 13 First St,Yarmouth,NS B5A 1S9 Tel:902-742-8985 Lunenburg & Queens Counties 60 Logan Rd,Bridgewater,NS B4V 3J8 Tel:902-543-4685

Ontario Ontario Ministry of the Environment (MOE) 135 St Clair Ave W,Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-325-4000 Ministry of the Environment – (ODWAC) Advisory Council on Drinking Water Quality & Testing Standards Floor 3-40 St. Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1M2 Tel:416-212-7779 Ministry of the Environment – Ontario Clean Water Agency (OCWA)


Floor 17-1 Yonge St,Toronto,ON M5E 1E5 Tel:416-314-5600 Ministry of the Environment – Pesticides Advisory Committee Floor 15-135 St. Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-314-9230 Ministry of the Environment – Walkerton Clean Water Centre 20 Ontario Rd,PO Box 160, Walkerton,ON N0G 2V0 Tel:519-881-2003 Ministry of the Environment – Drinking Water Management Division Floor 14-135 St. Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-314-4475 Ministry of the Environment – Environmental Programs Division Floor 14-135 St. Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-326-7203 Ministry of the Environment – Environmental Sciences & Standards Division Floor 14-135 St. Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-314-6310 Ministry of the Environment – Environmental Monitoring & Reporting Branch West Wing,125 Resources Rd, Toronto,ON M9P 3V6 Tel:416-235-6300 Ministry of the Environment – Laboratory Services Branch 125 Resources Rd,Toronto,ON M9P 3V6 Tel:416-235-5743 Ministry of the Environment – Standards Development Branch Floor 7-40 St Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1M2 Tel:416-327-5519 Ministry of the Environment – Integrated Environmental Policy Division Floor 11-77 Wellesley St W, Toronto,ON M7A 2T5 Tel:416-314-6338 Ministry of the Environment – Operations Division Floor 8-135 St Clair Ave W, Toronto,ON M4V 1P5 Tel:416-314-6378 Environmental Commissioner of Ontario (ECO) 605-1075 Bay St,Toronto,ON M5S 2B1 Tel:416-325-3377

District Offices: Central Ministry of the Environment 1201-54 Cedar Pointe Dr,Barrie,ON L4N 5R7 Tel:705-739-6441 Ministry of the Environment 300-4145 North Service Rd, Burlington,ON L7L 6A3 Tel:905-319-3847 Ministry of the Environment Floor 9-5775 Yonge St,Place Nouveau,Toronto,ON M2M 4J1 Tel:416-326-6700 Ministry of the Environment Floor 5-230 Westney Rd,Ajax,ON L1S 7J5 Tel:905-427-5600

Eastern Ministry of the Environment 345 College St E,Belleville,ON K8N 5S7 Tel:613-962-9208

continued overleaf... Summer 2013 | 59

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Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions

Ministry of the Environment Floor 1-113 Amelia St,Cornwall,ON K6H 3P1 Tel:613-933-7402 Ministry of the Environment 3-1259 Gardiners Rd,PO Box 22032,Kingston,ON K7M 8S5 Tel:613-549-4000 Ministry of the Environment 2430 Don Reid Dr,Ottawa,ON K1H 1E1 Tel:613-521-3450 Ministry of the Environment Floor 2-300 Water St,Robinson Place, South Tower,Peterborough,ON K9J 8M5 Tel:705-755-4300

Northern Ministry of the Environment 16&17-191 Booth Rd, North Bay,ON P1A 4K3 Tel:705-497-6865 Ministry of the Environment 808 Robertson St,PO Box 5150, Kenora,ON P9N 3X9 Tel:807-468-2718 Ministry of the Environment Floor 3-289 Bay St, Sault Ste Marie,ON P6A 1W7 Tel:705-942-6354 Ministry of the Environment 1201-199 Larch St,Sudbury,ON P3E 5P9 Tel:705-564-3237 Ministry of the Environment 331B-435 James St S, Thunder Bay,ON P7E 6S7 Tel:807-475-1205 Ministry of the Environment Government Complex,Hwy #101 E, Bag 3080,South Porcupine,ON P0N 1H0 Tel:705-235-1500

Southwestern Ministry of the Environment 733 Exeter Rd,London,ON N6E 1L3 Tel:519-873-5000 Ministry of the Environment Floor 3,101-17th St E, Owen Sound,ON N4K 0A5 Tel:519-371-2901 Ministry of the Environment 1094 London Rd,Sarnia,ON N7S 1P1 Tel:519-336-4030 Ministry of the Environment 620-4510 Rhodes Dr,Windsor,ON N8W 5K5 Tel:519-948-1464

West Central Ministry of the Environment 1094 London Rd,Sarnia,ON N7S 1P1 Tel:519-336-4030 Ministry of the Environment Floor 9-119 King St W,Ellen Fairclough Bldg, Hamilton,ON L8P 4Y7 Tel:905-521-7650 Ministry of the Environment 15-301 St.Paul St,Floor 9, St Catharines,ON L2R 7R4 Tel:905-704-3900

Prince Edward Island Ministry of the Environment Floor 4,Jones Bldg,11 Kent St, PO Box 2000,Charlottetown,PE C1A 7N8 Tel:902-368-5028 Ministry of the Environment

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Floor 4,Shaw Building South,95 Rochford St,PO Box 2000,Charlottetown,PE C1A 7N8 Tel:902-368-6410 Ministry of the Environment 31 Gordon Dr-J.Elmer Blanchard Bldg,Charlottetown,PEI C1A 6B8 Tel:902-368-5490 Environmental Emergencies Tel:1-800-565-1633

Quebec Ministere du Developpement durable de l’Environnement, de la Faune,et des Parcs/Sustainable Development, Environment, Wildlife & Parks Edifice Marie-Guyart,675 boul Rene-Levesque est,29e etage, Quebec,QC G1R 5V7 Tel:418521-3830 Bureau d’audiences publiques sur l’environnement (BAPE)/Environmental Public Hearing Board Edifice Lomer-Gouin #2,10,575 rue SaintAmable,Quebec,QC G1R 6A6 Tel:418-643-9474 Comite consultatif de l’environnement Kativik (CCEK)/Kativik Environmental Advisory Committee (KEAC) CP 930,Kuujjuaq,QC J0M 1C0 Tel:819-964-2961 Societe des etablissements en plein air du Quebec (SEPAQ) Place de la Cite,Tour Cominar #250,2640,boul Laurier, 2e etage Quebec, QC G1V 5C2 Tel:418-890-6527 Societe quebecoise de recuperation et de recyclage (RECYC-QUEBEC) 200-420 boul Charest est, Quebec,QC G1K 8M4 Tel:418-643-6507 Analyse et expertise regionales/Regional Analysis & Expertise Edifice Marie-Guyart,675,boul Rene-Levesque est,30e etage, Quebec,QC G1R 5V7 Tel:418-521-3961 Changements climatiques,de l’air et de l’eau/Climate Change 675,boul Rene-Levesque est,30e etage,Quebec,QC G1R 5V7 Tel:418-521-3861 Centre de controle environnemental du Quebec Ediface Marie-Guyart,675 boul ReneLevesque est,30e etage, Quebec,QC G1R 5V7 Tel:418-521-3861 Developpement durable/Sustainable Development Tel:418-521-3861 Expertise hydrique et aux evaluations environnementales/Water & Environmental Assessments Tel:418-521-3861 Services a la gestion & au milieu terrestre/Administrative Services & Earth Environment Tel:418-521-3861 Centre d’expertise en analyse environnementale du Quebec (CEAEQ) #E-2-220,2700,rue Einstein, Sainte-Foy,QC G1P 3W8 Tel:418-643-1301 Centre d’expertise hydrique du Quebec Tel:418-521-3866

Addresses du Ministère en region: Baie-Comeau 20,boul Comeau,Baie-Comeau,QC G4Z 3A8 Tel:418-294-8888 Gatineau 170,rue de l’Hôtel-de-Ville,bureau 7.340,Gatineau,QC J8X 4C2 Tel:819-772-3434 Laval 850,boul Vanier,Laval,QC H7C 2M7 Tel:450-661-2008 Longueuil 201,Place Charles-Le Moyne,2e étage,Longueuil,QC J4K 2T5 Tel:450-928-7607 Montréal 5199,rue Sherbrooke E,bureau 3860,Montréal,QC H1T 3X9 Tel:514-873-3636 Nicolet 1579,boul Louis-Fréchette, Nicolet,QC J3T 2A5 Tel:819-293-4122 Québec 1175,boul Lebourgneuf,bureau 100,Québec,QC G2K 0B7 Tel:418-644-8844 Repentigny 100,boul Industriel,Repentigny,QC J6A 4X6 Tel:450-654-4355 Rimouski 212,ave Belzile,Rimouski,QC G5L 3C3 Tel:418-727-3511 Rouyn-Noranda 180,boul Rideau,1er étage, Rouyn-Noranda,QC J9X 1N9 Tel:819-763-3333 Saguenay 3950,boul Harvey,4e étage, Saguenay,QC G7X 8L6 Tel:418-695-7883 Sainte-Anne-des-Monts 124,1re ave O, Sainte-Anne-des-Monts,QC G4V 1C5 Tel:418-763-3301 Sainte-Marie 675,route Cameron,bureau 200, Sainte-Marie,QC G6E 3V7 Tel:418-386-8000 Sainte-Thérèse 300,rue Sicard,bureau 80,Sainte-Thérèse,QC J7E 3X5 Tel:450-433-2220 Sept-Îles 818,boul Laure,Sept-Îles,QC G4R 1Y8 Tel:418-964-8888 Sherbrooke 770,rue Goretti,Sherbrooke,QC J1E 3H4 Tel:819-820-3882 Trois-Rivières 100,rue Laviolette,bureau 102,TroisRivières,QC G9A 5S9 Tel:819-371-6581 Victoriaville 62,rue St-Jean-Baptiste, Victoriaville,QC G6P 4E3 Tel:819-752-4530

Saskatchewan Ministry of the Environment 3211 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 5W6 Tel:1-800-567-4224 or 306-787-2584 Environmental Emergency 24 hour Service 1-800-667-7525 Saskatchewan Conservation Data Centre

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 11:03 PM

Guide to Government Agencies, Associations and Academic Institutions 3211 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 5W6 Tel:306-787-9038 Water Appeal Board 217-3085 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 0B1 Tel:306-798-7462 Environmental Protection & Audit Division Floor 5-3211 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 5W6 Tel:306-787-5419 Environmental Support Division Floor 5-3211 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 5W6 Tel:306-787-2947

Field Offices: Assiniboia 401 1st Ave W,Assiniboia,SK S0H 0B0 Tel:306-642-7242 Beauval Lavoie St/PO Box 280,Beauval,SK S0M 0G0 Tel:306-288-4710 Big River PO Box 250,Big River,SK S0M 0E0 Tel:306-469-2520 Buffalo Narrows Davey St/PO Box 158, Buffalo Narrows,SK S0M 0J0 Tel:306-235-1740 Candle Lake PO Box 106,Candle Lake,SK S0J 3E0 Tel:306-929-8400 Chitek Lake PO Box 39,Chitek Lake,SK S0J 0L0 Tel:306-984-2343 Christopher Lake PO Box 66,Christopher Lake,SK S0J 0N0 Tel:306-982-6250 Creighton 1st St E/PO Box 190,Creighton,SK S0P 0A0 Tel:306-638-8812 Cumberland House 2nd Ave/PO Box 70, Cumberland House,SK S0E 0S0 Tel:306-888-5810 Cypress Hills PO Box 850,Cypress Hills,SK S0N 1N0 Tel:306-662-5435 Dorintosh PO Box 70,Dorintosh,SK S0M 0T0 Tel:306-236-7680 Duck Mountain PO Box 39,Duck Mountain Provincial Pk,Kamsack,SK S0A 1S0 Tel:306-542-5500 Estevan 1302 3rd St/PO Box 5000-140, Estevan,SK S4A 2V6 Tel:306-637-4600 Fort Qu’Appelle PO Box 790,Fort Qu’Appelle,SK S0G 1S0 Tel:306-332-3215 Greenwater/Porcupine Plain PO Box 430,Porcupine Plain,SK S0E 1H0 Tel:306-278-3515 Hudson Bay 501 Prince St/PO Box 970, Hudson Bay,SK S0E 0Y0 Tel:306-865-4400 Humboldt 12-1715 8th Ave/PO Box 1120, Humboldt,SK S0K 2A0 Tel:306-682-6726 Il-a-la-Crosse Lajeunesse Ave/PO Box 100, Ile-a-la-Crosse,SK S0M 1C0 Tel:306-833-3220 Kamsack PO Box 39,Kamsack,SK S0A 1S0 Tel:306-542-5511 Kindersley


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PO Box 1116,Kinderlsey,SK S0l 1S0 Tel:306-463-5458 La Loche PO Box 100,Buffalo Narrows,SK S0M 0J0 Tel:306-235-1740 La Ronge 1100-1328 La Ronge Ave,Mistasinihk Pl,PO Box 5000,La Ronge,SK S0J 1L0 Tel:306-425-4234 Leader 103 1st St W,Leader,SK S0N 1H0 Tel:306-628-3100 Lloydminster 121-4815 50th St,Lloydminster,SK S9V 0M8 Tel:306-825-6430 Loon Lake 5th Ave/PO Box 39,Loon Lake,SK S0M 1L0 Tel:306-837-2410 Maple Creek 116 Harder St/PO Box 640, Maple Creek,SK S0N 1N0 Tel:306-662-5434 Meadow Lake Unit 1-101 Railway Pl, Meadow Lake,SK S9X 1X6 Tel:306-236-7557 Melfort 107 Crawford Ave E/PO Box 6500,Melfort,SK S0E 1A0 Tel:306-752-6214 Melville 256 2nd Ave W/PO Box 2170, Melville,SK S0A 2P0 Tel:306-728-7480 Moose Jaw 206-110 Ominica St W, Moose Jaw,SK S6H 6V2 Tel:306-694-3659 Moose Mountain/Kenosee Lake PO Box 220,Kenosee Lake,SK S0C 0S0 Tel:306-577-2600 Nipawin 210 1st St E/PO Box 1886, Nipawin,SK S0E 1E0 Tel:306-862-1790 North Battleford 108-1146 102nd St, North Battleford,SK S9A 1E9 Tel:306-446-7416 Outlook 420 Saskatchewan Ave W,PO Box 9, Outlook,SK S0L 2N0 Tel:306-867-5560 Pelican Narrows Bay St/PO Box 70, Pelican Narrows,SK S0P 0E0 Tel:306-632-5510 Pierceland 4th St W/PO Box 190, Pierceland,SK S0M 2K0 Tel:306-839-6250 Pinehouse Lake Hilltop Ave/PO Box 300, Pinehouse Lake,SK S0J 2B0 Tel:306-884-2060 Porcupine Plain PO Box 430,Porcupine Plain,SK S0E 1H0 Tel:306-278-3540 Preeceville Highway Ave E/PO Box 1028, Preeceville,SK S0A 3B0 Tel:306-547-5660 Prince Albert 800 Central Ave/L.F. Mcintosh Bldg,PO Box 3003,Prince Albert,SK S6V 6G1 Tel:306-953-2322 Regina


146-3211 Albert St,Regina,SK S4S 5W6 Tel:306-787-2080 Rowan’s Ravine/Strasbourg PO Box 370,Hwy #220, Strasbourg,SK S0G 4V0 Tel:306-725-5200 Saskatoon 112 Research Dr,Saskatoon,SK S7N 3R3 Tel:306-933-6240 Shaunavon 326 1st St W/PO Box 1237, Shaunavon,SK S0N 2M0 Tel:306-297-5433 Smeaton PO Box 130,Smeaton,SK S0J 2J0 Tel:306-426-2611 Southend PO Box 10,Southend,SK S0J 2L0 Tel:306-758-6255 Spiritwood 105-100 Railway Ave W,PO Box 910, Spiritwood,SK S0J 2M0 Tel:306-883-8501 Stony Rapids Johnson St/PO Box 100, Stony Rapids,SK S0J 2R0 Tel:306-439-2062 Swift Current 350 Cheadle St W,PO Box 5000, Swift Current,SK S9H 4G3 Tel:306-778-8205 Wadena 105 3rd St NW,PO Box 519, Wadena,SK S0A 4J0 Tel:306-338-6254 Watrous 403 Main St/PO Box 1128, Watrous,SK S0K 4T0 Tel:306-946-3233 Weyburn 201-110 Souris Ave E,Weyburn,SK S4H 2Z8 Tel:306-848-2344 Yorkton 120 Smith St E,Yorkton,SK S3N 3V3 Tel:306-786-1463

Yukon Territories Yukon Environment PO Box 2703,Whitehorse,YT Y1A 2C6 Tel:867-667-5652 24 Hour Yukon Spill Report Centre Tel:867-667-7244 - Collect calls accepted Tel:867-667-5683 - Regular Business Hours Alsek Renewable Resource Council PO Box 2077,Haines Junction,YT Y0B 1L0 Tel:867-634-2524 Yukon Fish & Wildlife Management Board Floor 2,106 Main St,Whitehorse,YT Y1A 5P7 Tel:867-667-3754 Yukon Land Use Planning Council 201-307 Jarvis St,Whitehorse,YT Y1A 2H3 Tel:867-667-7397 Climate Change Secretariat Tel:867-456-5544 Conservation Officer Services Tel:867-667-8005 Environment Programs Tel:867-667-5683 Parks PO Box 2703 V-4,Whitehorse,YT Y1A 2C6 Tel:867-667-5648 Policy & Planning 10 Burns Rd,Whitehorse,YT Y1A 4Y9 Tel:867-667-3028 Water Resources Tel:867-667-3171

Summer 2013 | 61

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ES&E’S AT A GLANCE GUIDE TO COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The following institutions offer diploma and degree programs in these areas: Environmental Biology, Environmental Control, Environmental Technician, Environmental Engineering/Technology, Environmental Health and Science, Environmental Studies, Environmental Toxicology, Environmental Health Engineering.


Concordia University College of Alberta Keyano College King’s University College Lakeland College Lethbridge College Medicine Hat College Mount Royal University Northern Alberta Institute of Technology Southern Alberta Institute of Technology University of Alberta University of Calgary University of Lethbridge

British Columbia

British Columbia Institute of Technology Camosun College Douglas College Kwantlen Polytechnic University Okanagan College Royal Roads University Simon Fraser University Thompson Rivers University Trinity Western University University of British Columbia University of Northern British Columbia University of Victoria


Assiniboine College Brandon University Red River College University of Manitoba University of Winnipeg

New Brunswick

Mount Allison University New Brunswick Community College St. Thomas University Université de Moncton University of New Brunswick


College of the North Atlantic Memorial University of Newfoundland

Nova Scotia

Acadia University Cape Breton University Dalhousie University Nova Scotia Community College Saint Mary’s University St. Francis Xavier University University of King’s College


Algonquin College Brock University Cambrian College Canadore College Carleton University Centennial College

Edmonton Fort McMurray Edmonton Vermillion, Lloydminster Lethbridge Medicine Hat Calgary Edmonton Calgary Edmonton Calgary Lethbridge

Burnaby Victoria New Westminster Surrey Kelowna Victoria Vancouver Kamloops Langley Vancouver, Okanagan Prince George Victoria

Brandon Brandon Winnipeg Winnipeg Winnipeg

Collège Boreal Conestoga College Confederation College Durham College Fleming College Georgian College Humber College Lakehead University Laurentian University Loyalist College McMaster University Mohawk College Niagara College Canada (Niagara-on-the-Lake) Nipissing University Northern College Queen’s University Redeemer University College Royal Military College Ryerson University Sault College Seneca College Sheridan College St. Lawrence College Trent University University of Guelph University of Ontario Institute of Technology University of Ottawa University of Toronto University of Waterloo University of Windsor Western University (University of Western Ontario) Wilfrid Laurier University York University

Prince Edward Island Holland College University of Prince Edward Island

Sackville Various Fredericton Moncton Fredericton

Various St John’s

Wolfville Sydney Halifax Various Halifax Antigonish Halifax

Ottawa St. Catharines Sudbury North Bay Ottawa Toronto


Bishop’s University Concordia University École Polytechnique de Montréal McGill University Université de Montréal Université de Sherbrooke Université du Québec Université Laval


First Nations University of Canada Luther College St. Thomas More College University of Regina University of Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology Northlands College

United States

American Public University System


Yukon College

Sudbury Kitchener Thunder Bay Oshawa Lindsay Barrie Toronto Thunder Bay Sudbury Belleville Hamilton Hamilton Niagara North Bay Various Kingston Ancaster Kingston Toronto Sault Ste. Marie Toronto Brampton Cornwall Peterborough Guelph Oshawa Ottawa Toronto Waterloo Windsor London Waterloo Toronto

Charlottetown Charlottetown

Sherbrooke Montréal Montréal Montréal Montréal Sherbrooke Various Québec City

Regina Regina Saskatoon Regina Saskatoon Various La Ronge

Charles Town


*This list is intended as a quick reference only. Environmental Science and Engineering Magazine makes no claim to the accuracy or completeness of this list.

62 | Summer 2013

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 11:03 PM

Phoenix Panel System

Phoenix Underdrain System

American Public University is a leading provider of quality online education. APU offers more than 170 undergraduate and graduate degree and certificate programs for environmental science, policy, and management professionals. When you’re ready to learn more, visit StudyatAPU.com/ESE. Tel: 877-777-9081 E-mail: info@apus.edu Web: StudyatAPU.com/ESE American Public University

• Upgrades and optimizes all types of filters • Installs directly over existing underdrain system • Eliminates the need for base gravel layers • Improves backwash flow distribution • Provides longer filter runs and lower turbidity effluent Tel: 403-255-7377, Fax: 403-255-3129 E-mail: info@awifilter.com Web: www.awifilter.com AWI

• Optimizes all types of filters • Extremely low profile; lowest available • Manufactured from corrosion-resistant stainless steel • Variable custom orifice sizing • Custom hydraulic design • Guaranteed uniform air scour distribution • Rapid, low-cost installation Tel: 403-255-7377, Fax: 403-255-3129 E-mail: info@awifilter.com Web: www.awifilter.com

Velocity meter

News on CSP products

The FH950 Velocity Meter simpli¿es set up, displays real time data and trend information, auto-calculates discharge volumes and eliminates the need for manual recording with its convenient USB to PC data download. With no moving parts, the sensor never requires mechanical maintenance. Tel: 905-829-0030 E-mail: support@can-am.net Web: www.can-am.net

In July 2013, the CSPI is launching its new online magazine, In the Trenches, which will be published periodically to provide industry news, updates, photos, interviews, stories and technical information regarding noteworthy innovations in CSP products and applications across Canada. Web: www.cspi.ca

Can-Am Instruments

Corrugated Steel Pipe Institute


Denso Petrolatum Tapes Proven worldwide for well over 100 years, Denso Petrolatum Tapes offer the best, most economical, long-term corrosion protection for all above and below ground metal surfaces. Requiring only minimum surface preparation and environmentally responsible, Denso Petrolatum Tape is the solution to your corrosion problems in any corrosive environment. For applications in mines, mills, refineries, steel mills, pulp & paper, oil & gas, and the waterworks industry. The answer is Denso! Tel: 416-291-3435, Fax: 416-291-0898 E-mail: blair@densona.com Web: www.densona.com Denso

Combination pH/ORP electrodes

CSF-34 sampler

Vertical screening system

The new combined pH/ORP electrodes, Memosens CPS16D, CPS76D and CPS96D from Endress+Hauser, now make customers’ processes even more transparent. Two parameters measured at the same time or alternately - pH plus extra sensor check - don’t leave room for interpretation. And, for the ¿rst time, one single sensor is able to deliver the rH-value! E-mail: info@ca.endress.com Web: www.ca.endress.com/memosens

Samplers have changed. The Endress +Hauser CSF34 is the new benchmark, with a choice of vacuum or peristaltic pumping and up to 24 simultaneous sampling routines. Add up to four industrial digital sensors with data logging and connect to SCADA with the latest communication protocols including Ethernet. The new CSF-34 is a complete monitoring and collection solution. E-mail: info@ca.endress.com Web: www.ca.endress.com

The new Vertical Auger Monster® Screen ¿ts inside pump stations. Wastewater pump stations are facing an inÀux of sewer clogging Àushable wipes, so JWCE engineers developed the Auger Monster – AGV which conveys wipes straight up and out of the sewer system. Tel: 905-856-1414, Fax: 905-856-6401 E-mail: sales@envirocan.ca Web: www.envirocan.ca

Endress+Hauser Canada

Endress+Hauser Canada



ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 63

Product & Service Showcase

Online education

Summer 2013 | 63

8/8/13 10:11 PM

Product & Service Showcase

Reciprocating rake screening system

Flow monitor

Soil sensor

JWC Environmental has introduced the new Bar Screen Monsterâ&#x201E;˘, using exclusive technology to caSture more deEris 7he Âżrst selI contained reciprocating rake screening system is designed to capture and transport large amounts oI wastewater debris to the discharge point. 7el , )ax  Email sales#envirocan.ca Web: www.envirocan.ca

)lowSiren, a wireless, low power, multi sensor open channel Ă&#x20AC;ow monitor with vision sensor, allows you to measure and view any Ă&#x20AC;ow conditions using contact and noncontact sensors. Advanced power management keeps the )lowSiren alive Ior over a year, uploading hourly data to your server location. 7el:  Email: inIo#geneT.com Web: www.geneT.com

Stevens Wi )i 32*2 3ortable Wireless Soil Sensor puts the power oI the popular Stevens +ydra 3robe in the palm oI your hand and allows Ior easy soil measurement anywhere. The 32*2 connects wirelessly with your Apple i3hone, i3od Touch, i3ad, or Android smart phones. Tel:  Email: inIo#geneT.com Web: www.geneT.com




Ozone systems

Single channel fluorometer

Water quality monitoring

+)low oIIers 3innacleÂśs revo lutionary Zenith ozone systems, producing up to  lbsday  wt.) per unit. With their highly eIIicient design, they can be turned updown Ior  dosage vari ability. They are built with solid com ponents, are rugged, proven, extremely compact, and water cooled, with no yearly maintenance. Tel: , )ax:  Email: inIo#hIlow.com Web: www.hIlow.com

Turner 'esignsÂś EnviroTâ&#x201E;˘ is an accurate, single channel Ă&#x20AC;uorometer which installs into a plumbing tee Ior direct inline measurements. ,t is easily inte grated with data collection systems, and provides a    mA signal output pro portional to the relative concentration oI the Ă&#x20AC;uorophore oI interest in the sample water. ,t oIIers a wide dynamic range, low sensitivity, a compact package and easy integration with controllers. Tel: , )ax:  Email: salesv#hoskin.ca Web: www.hoskin.ca

The <S, E;2 Advanced Water Quality Multi3arameter Monitoring 3lat Iorm Ieatures wireless blue tooth commu nication, smart sensors, wetmateable sensorcable connectors, built in *3S, and extended battery liIe  days). 1ew parameters include I'2M and total algae. Tel: , )ax:  Email: salesv#hoskin.ca Web: www.hoskin.ca


Hoskin Scientific

Hoskin Scientific

Inclined screw press

Next generation OSHG equipment

Huber TechnologyÂśs 5oSQ ,nclined Screw 3ress dewaters sludge to provide impressive cake solids. The slow rotating auger handles the toughest oI sludge. The 5oSQ runs unattended using Iully automatic operation. Cost oI ownership is very low. Tel:  Email: marketing#hhusa.net Web: www.huberIorum.netrosT

8tilizing  plus years oI combined ex perience sell ing, designing, manuIactur ing, install ing and servicing onsite hypochlorite generation eTuipment, the team at 3S, have, with Micr2clor, implemented innovations to ensure eTuipment reli ability matches the operational beneÂżts oI switching to an 2nsite Hypochlorite *eneration system. Contact ,ndachem Ior a costbeneÂżt analysis. Tel:  Web: www.indachem.com

EMEC metering pumps provide Tuality, accuracy and a number oI design innovations including: industry leading 5 year warranty on their solid construction 3T)E diaphragm master slave integration integrated automatic repriming system integral pH and Redox pumps with direct probe input. .*2 *roup /td. is the Canadian distributor. Tel: 55 Email: inIo#kgogroup.com

Huber Technology


KGO Group

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Electronic metering pumps

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/8/13 10:12 PM

Centrifugal pumps

Screw press

KGO Group builds safety and quality into each of its dry polymer systems. Unique features include: SS construction, plug and dust-free wetting devices, standard knife-gate isolation valve, welded or quick connect ¿ttings, low polymer hopper indication, and &S$ certi¿ed components. Tel: 905-847-1544 E-mail: info@kgogroup.com

KSB Canada has widened its portfolio of small size centrifugal pumps, available instock. The 2013 Movitec series has optimized laser welded hydraulics, making them ef¿cient high-pressure in-line pumps. Offered with a range of material and seal options, they are more versatile than ever. $pplications range from Àuid transfer to instant pressure boost. Rated for volumes up to 594 gpm. Tel: 905-568-9200 E-mail: ksbcanada@ksbcanada.com Web: www.ksb.ca

The ACAT screw press is now available in Canada, the U.S. and Mexico exclusively through Kusters Water, a division of Kusters Zima Corporation. The ACAT screw press is an ef¿cient and reliable way of dewatering biosolids. The slow rotational speed, low maintenance, low noise level and low energy consumption are signi¿cant advantages over other technologies. Tel: 864-576-0660 Web: www.kusterswater.com

KGO Group

KSB Pumps

Kusters Water

Interpreter register

Access hatches

Master Meter’s Interpreter Register System, based on proven Dialog® 3G technology, is a universal AMR upgrade that replaces the existing register on almost any brand of meter in minutes, without service interruption. It delivers AMR technology without wires or connections. Tel: 514-795-1535 E-mail: clauret@mastermeter.com Web: www.mastermeter.com

MSU MG Safety Hatches are the “open and shut case” for access hatches. They are manufactured to CSA standards right here in Canada by Canadian Welding Bureau certi¿ed welders.

Master Meter

MSU Mississauga

Groundwater and fractured rock conference

Web: www.msumississauga.com

Groundwater conference The NGWA Conference on Groundwater and Food Production will be held October 1011, 2013, in Dallas, Texas. Groundwater professionals, policymakers, and those involved in food and beverage production will explore important linkages between food supply and groundwater resources. Web: www.NGWA.org/Food

National Ground Water Association

Rotary lobe pump

Equipment supplier

Discover potential solutions to groundwater problems in fractured media environments, including technological advances, modeling techniques, tools and initiatives at the NGWA Conference on Groundwater in Fractured Rock and Sediments, which will be held September 23-24, 2013, in Burlington, Vermont. Web: www.NGWA.org/FracRock

The NETZSCH TORNADO® positive displacement, self priming, valveless pumps, offer high performance and are selected and configured for the requirements of each application. They are designed for intermittent or continuous operation, provide gentle pumping of the pumped product and are ideally suited for transfer, process and dosing applications. There are highly abrasion resistant and replaceable protection plates on both faces of the housing. Tel: 705-797-8426, Fax: 705-797-8427 E-mail: info@netzsch.com Web: www.netzsch.com

Noble is one of Ontario’s largest suppliers of pipe, valves, fittings and accessories for the wastewater and water treatment industries. The Noble Advantage: • 40 branches in Ontario • 200 delivery trucks • 500,000 sq. ft. distribution centre • Pipe cutting & grooving services Tel: 800-529-9805 Web: www.noble.ca

National Ground Water Association

NETZSCH Canada Inc.



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Product & Service Showcase

Dry polymer systems

Summer 2013 | 65

8/8/13 10:12 PM

Product & Service Showcase

Water filters

Portable gas chromatograph

Experience that is what sets ORIVAL Water Filters apart from competitors. Twenty-seven years under one ownership, with longterm application engineers on staff, make ORIVAL, Inc. your reliable provider of ¿ltration products. The company has hundreds of automatic self-cleaning screen ¿lter models, with a ¿lter for nearly every application. Tel: 800-568-9767 E-mail: ¿lters#orival.com Web: www.orival.com

The Frog-4000 is a Hand-Held Portable Gas Chromatograph for detection of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, BTEX and other VOCs in water, air, and soil. It performs analysis in the ¿eld in minutes, reTuires little technical expertise, identi¿es the actual compounds, and delivers sensitive results to allow instant decisions. Tel: 800-560-4402 E-mail: sales#ospreyscienti¿c.com Web: www.ospreyscienti¿c.com


Osprey Scientific

Flow meter DulcoFlow® flow meter is based on the ultrasonic measurement method. Operation without moving parts guarantees a long service life and wear-free operation. Its measurement range is between 0.1 and 50 litres per hour. A uniTue feature is that, for the first time, pulsed flow and the amount of liTuid which has been dispensed by each pump stroke can be reliably and precisely measured and monitored. Tel: 888-709-9933, Fax: 519-836-5226 E-mail: sales#prominent.ca Web: www.prominent.ca ProMinent Fluid Controls

Metering pump

Satellite communicator

Automation solution

The award-winning delta® with optoDrive® provides diverse control and operating capabilities in a capacity range of 7.5 - 75 l/h, 362 psi - 29 psi. The delta from ProMinent has many advanced features: pulsed or continuous dosing; automatic detection of airlock, low pressure and high pressure; and an automatic degassing option. Tel: 888-709-9933, Fax: 519-836-5226 E-mail: sales#prominent.ca Web: www.prominent.ca/delta

inReach SE is an affordable satellite communicator that sends and receives messages, provides journey monitoring and SOS capabilities anywhere in the world through the Iridium satellite network. It includes a colour screen, virtual keyboard, rugged design and longlasting battery. Tel: 416-253-6990, Fax: 416-253-2470 E-mail: jfesenko#roadpost.com Web: www.inreachcanada.com

The simple combination design of the Smart Servo Package allows for an extremely high level of flexibility with various extension products, which can be optionally combined to meet the reTuirements of the application, communication and automation structure. Tel: 905-791-1553 E-mail: marketing#sew-eurodrive.ca Web: www.sew-eurodrive.ca

ProMinent Fluid Controls



Grit removal system

PISTA®Works™ is a packaged all in one headworks and grit removal scheme, offering a compact footprint and speedy/ efficient installation. The system features a fully automated control system, an integrated screening system for solids retention, a PISTA® Grit Concentrator, a PISTA® TURBO™ Grit Washer and a PISTA® 360™ Grit Chamber. Tel: 913-888-5201, Fax: 913-888-2173 E-mail: answers#smithandloveless.com Web: www.smithandloveless.com Smith & Loveless

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Enhance bioremediation

Specialist training Practical Hands-on Progressive Formats

The Waterloo Emitter™ is a simple, lowcost device designed for the remediation of contaminated groundwater. It enables oxygen or other amendments to diffuse through silicone or LDPE tubing in a controlled uniform manner, enhancing aerobic bioremediation. It ¿ts 50, 100, 150 mm diameter wells. Tel: 905-873-2255, Fax: 905-873-1992 E-mail: instruments#solinst.com Web: www.solinst.com

Tel: 905-578-9666, Fax: 905-578-6644 E-mail: contact#spillmanagement.ca Web: www.spillmanagement.ca


Spill Management

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/8/13 10:12 PM

Pilot plant

New and Improved Hydrolift

U.S.F. Fabrication, inc. Manufactures a complete line of engineered metal doors for underground utility access. They have been “fabricating solutions since 1916” with over 160,000 sq ft of manufacturing space. This allows them to offer the best lead times in the industry. Their friendly and knowledable staff is committed to providing customers with right product for their application and shipping it when they need it. Tel: 604-552-7900, Fax: 604-552-7901 E-mail: epsl@telus.net

The Walkerton Clean Water Centre is host to a gravity Àow, dual-train Conventional Treatment Pilot Plant. The treatment includes rapid mixing, Àocculation, settling, rapid rate ¿ltration and chlorination. The rapid ¿lters are dual media, sandanthracite and sandgranular activated carbon. Tel: 519-881-2003 or 866-515-0550 Fax: 519-881-4947 E-mail: inquiry@wcwc.ca Web: www.wcwc.ca

The portable, electrically operated Hydrolift has been one of the most popular mechanical actuators for the Waterra Inertial Pump, and we’ve been working to make it better. Today, the improved Hydrolift is more durable and easier to use and most importantly, more affordable than ever. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905-238-5704 E-mail: sales@waterra.com Web: www.waterra.com

Spill Management U.S.F. Fabrication

USF Fabrication Walkerton Clean Water Centre

Waterra Pumps

Inertial pumping system

The Waterra Inertial Pumping System is the most widely used pump for monitoring wells in Canada. For developing, purging and sampling — nothing else comes close. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905-238-5704 E-mail: sales@waterra.com Web: www.waterra.com Waterra Pumps

Chemical-free water treatment

PVC or Polyethylene

EcoPlug Wellcaps

The Waterra Clear PVC EcoBailer and Weighted Polyethylene EcoBailer are both eco-friendly products. A better weight distribution allows these bailers to sink straighter, and the efficient valve design makes them the fastest sinking bailers available. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905-238-5704 E-mail: sales@waterra.com Web: www.waterra.com

The EcoPlug™ offers the latest in well plug design and is the only well cap made from recycled materials. If you’re looking for a durable, tamper-proof well cap that will withstand repeated use (and abuse) over many years, the EcoPlug is an excellent fit for your requirements. This well cap is available for 34”, 1”, 2” and 4” monitoring wells. Tel: 905-238-5242, Fax: 905-238-5704 E-mail: sales@waterra.com Web: www.waterra.com Waterra Pumps

Waterra Pumps

Amalgam UV lamps

Repair mortar

WEDECO Ozone Generators from Xylem eliminate pollutants, coloured substances, odours and micro-organisms without creating harmful byproducts. They are compact in design to reduce overall footprint, and provide reduced energy consumption per unit of ozone production. Tel: 514-695-0100, Fax: 514-697-0602 Web: www.xylemwatersolutions.comca

Xylem’s WEDECO ECORAY® ultraviolet lamps offer significant savings in operation and life cycle costs. The UV lamps incorporate a new long-life coating and improved overall stability and performance. An innovative gas and amalgam mixture in the lamp utilizes up to 80 percent less mercury. Corresponding electronic ballast cards have been fine-tuned to the specific requirements of ECORAY lamp aging characteristics. Tel: 514-695-0100, Fax: 514-697-0602 Web: www.xylemwatersolutions.comca

Megamix II thick repair mortar for resurfacing deteriorated concrete manholes, sewer pipe and water tanks is formulated for superior bond, chemical durability and high strength. It can be sprayed or trowel applied up to a thickness of 2 inches. It is NSF 61 approved. Tel: 604-273-5265 Web: www.xypex.com



XYPEX Chemical Corporation


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Product & Service Showcase

Engineered metal doors

Summer 2013 | 67

8/8/13 10:12 PM

ES&E NEWS OWWA nomination deadlines Acoustic Panels, Enclosures & Products WE WELCOME YOUR INQUIRIES

Email: info@acousticproductsales.com Web: www.acousticproductsales.com Tel: (613) 551-6100

Five decades of excellence in infrastructure ™•Š——’—ȱǭȸŽ—’—ŽŽ›’—

• ANTHRACITE • QUALITY FILTER SAND & GRAVEL • CARBON • GARNET ILMENITE • REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 20 Sharp Road, Brantford, Ontario N3T 5L8 • Tel: (519) 751-1080 • Fax: (519) 751-0617 E-mail: swildey@anthrafilter.net • Web: www.anthrafilter.net

High Pressure Water Jetting Liquid/Dry Vacuum Services Dry Ice Cleaning Hydro Vac Excavating


Environmental Management System Solutions

Toxic Substance Reduction Planning Services ISO 14001 Consulting | Training and Auditing Environmental Compliance Audits Richmond Hill, Ontario | 647-847-2112 | clients@bci-academy.com


68 | Summer 2013

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The Ontario Water Works Association is seeking nominations for American Water Works Association and OWWA Section awards to be presented at the annual conference in May 2014. Each year these awards, including the George Warren )uller Award, the 1.-. +oward 3ro¿ciency Award, the A.E. Berry Membership and the Operator’s Service Award, honour individual members for their outstanding contribution to OWWA and the water industry. All nominations must be received at the OWWA of¿ce no later than September 6, 2013. The OWWA is also now accepting nominations for two directors, each to be elected for three-year terms, commencing immediately following the annual conference in May 2014. Nominees must be members in good standing with OWWA or employed by an organization that is a full member for 2013. www.owwa.ca

MB offers grants for sustainability projects More than $40,000 has been allocated to support 22 environmental initiative projects in schools across the province. Schools receiving a grant this year proposed projects such as garden composting, sustainable water management and active transportation. The grant of $2,000 is used to cover expenses such as professional development, and teaching and learning resources. To date, the province has provided grants to 113 schools throughout the province. Gord Mackintosh, the Conservation and Water Stewardship Minister noted the projects support the implementation of TomorrowNow - Manitoba’s Green Plan, the province’s eight-year strategic action plan. www.gov.mb.ca

Ottawa and contractor fined The City of Ottawa and its contractor were ¿ned $120,000 for failing to comply with a permit to take water and discharging sediment into Stillwater Creek, a tributary of the Ottawa River. Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 11:33 PM

ES&E NEWS In 2010, the City awarded a contract for a water main installation along several streets in Ottawa to Colautti Construction Ltd. For dewatering required by construction, a permit to take water was issued to the City that required a number of conditions including turbidity testing. Following reports in August 2010 of possible impairments to Stillwater Creek as a result of drilling work, a ministry investigation found the company was responsible for a discharge of sediment into Stillwater Creek. Although there was no evidence of any actual impact to ¿sh in Stillwater Creek, sediment discharges can adversely affect ¿sh and benthic organisms. The City was also found to have not been conducting the required turbidity testing. The City of Ottawa and Colautti Construction Ltd. were ¿ned a total of 120,000 plus victim ¿ne surcharges of $30,000. www.ene.gov.on.ca

Water treatment equipment and flooding Alberta Health Services recently alerted the public to the fact that Àood waters can carry pathogens, viruses, and bacteria. This is especially so if sewer backups have occurred within the building during the Àood. If they have a water treatment device, such as a water softener or iron ¿lter, which has a direct connection to the building’s potable water supply, that was completely submerged in the Àood water: the water treatment device needs to be isolated from the water supply as soon as possible; and, for some older models of water softeners there may not be a bypass for the unit. Therefore it should be completely disconnected from the plumbing. If the water treatment device was not completely submerged, it needs to be sanitized in order to ensure the potable water in the building remains safe. If the public have a drinking water treatment device, such as a reverse osmosis or simple ¿ltration system and live in a community that had a boil water order in effect, it is also recommended that they sanitize any other water treatment continued overleaf... www.esemag.com

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 69

Markham, Ontario 905-747-8506 WeKnowWater@BV.com www.bv.com

Consulting • Engineering • Construction • Operation

Specialists in a comprehensive range of Municipal, Environmental, Structural, Building, Water Resources, Transportation and Municipal Engineering Collingwood



Email: info@cctatham.com


Web: www.cctatham.com

30+ Years of Water and Wastewater Solutions Wastewater Collection/Treatment Water Supply/Treatment/Storage/Distribution „Environmental Site Assessment/Remediation „Hydrogeological Investigations/Modelling „Watershed/Stormwater Management „Information Technology/Data Management „ „

3,000 Staff; 90+ Offices

1.800.265.6102 www.CRAworld.com

Worldwide Engineering, Environmental, Construction, and IT Services

35 YEARS DREDGING HIGH SPEED CENTRIFUGES HIGH VOLUME PUMPING-HDPE PIPE HDPE PIPELINE FUSING GEO TUBE DEWATERING Competent and Complete Services Lagoons, Digesters, Ponds, Lakes, Marinas, Waste Reduction, Municipal & Industrial

Tel: (506) 684-5821 | Fax (506) 684-1915 | www.girouxinc.com Ideal mixing for: Anoxic Basins Aeration Basins Large Bubble Mixing Technology Sludge Mixing Drinking water storage tank mixing Innovative, air burst driven mixing Sewage pump station grease cap busting & odor control Most energy-efficient mixing Industrial Applications No in-basin moving parts Food processing applications, liquor blending & a wide range of Easy installation mixing applications


HYDRO-LOGIC ENVIRONMENTAL INC. 762 Upper St. James St., Suite 250, Hamilton, ON L9C 3A2 Ph: 905-777-9494 Fax: 905-777-8678 info@hydrologic.ca www.hydrologic.ca



762 Upper St. James St., Suite 250, Hamilton, ON L9C 3A2 Ph: 905-777-9494 Fax: 905-777-8678 info@hydrologic.ca www.hydrologic.ca


Summer 2013 | 69

8/6/13 11:33 PM

ES&E NEWS RELIANT WQA WATER QUALITY AERATOR for Lagoons and Aquaculture Coarse & fine bubble aeration

• • • •

Course & fine bubble aeration Tames sludge buildup Eliminates thermal stratification Eliminates seasonal turnover

• • • •

Tames sludge buildup Only 4 hp moves 9 MGD Eliminates thermal stratification Handles up toEliminates 5 acres per unitturnover seasonal Only hp moves Efficient - Up to 154lbs O /hr9 MGD Handles up to25 acres per unit Low maintenance & Simple! Efficient: Up to 15 lbs O2/hr  Low maintenance & Simple!

HYDRO-LOGIC ENVIRONMENTAL INC. 762 Upper St. James St., Suite 250, Hamilton, ON L9C 3A2 Ph: 905-777-9494 Fax: 905-777-8678 info@hydrologic.ca www.hydrologic.ca

Insitu Groundwater Contractors • • • • • P: 519-763-0700 F: 519-763-6684 • 150 Stevenson Street, South Guelph, ON N1E 5N7

Dewatering systems Mobile groundwater treatment systems Well and pump installation and maintenance Pump, filter, generator rentals Sediment tank rentals Insitu groundwater remediation systems



WELL AND PUMP MAINTENANCE Performance Testing, Inspections, Well Rehabilitation & Repairs Lineshaft and Submersible Turbines 342 Bayview Drive, Box 310, Barrie, Ontario, Canada L4M 4T5

Tel: (705) 733-0111, Fax: (705) 721-0138 E-Mail: iws@iws.ca

10 Alden Road Markham, Ontario Canada L3R 2S1 Tel: 905-475-1545 Fax: 905-475-2021 www.napier-reid.com

Package Wastewater Treatment Plants/SBR/MBR/RBC/EA/DAF 70 | Summer 2013

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equipment and the home’s plumbing at the same time. Following sanitization, all plumbing outlets should be checked for residual disinfection, and the water should be tested by the local public health unit for pathogens. For those with Àooded wells, water treatment, pump and appliances equipment should be serviced as soon as possible if Àood water has been run through it from the well. ,f the Àooding into the well was signi¿cant, owners may want to isolate any of the water treatment equipment. Water treatment devices that have been subMect to Àooding or other damage must not be reactivated or reconnected to the water supply until a plumber (for the general plumbing or quali¿ed, trained water treatment technician, has inspected the systems. Floodwater can cause structural damage to the building. Therefore, all plumbing must be checked and pressure tested to ensure there are no leaks. www.albertahealthservices.ca

Maritime Link EA concludes Following environmental assessment reviews of the Maritime Link project, the Environment Ministers of Nova Scotia and Newfoundland have given their approval to the project. The Maritime Link is a proposed power transmission line between Cape Breton, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland. It includes a 180 km undersea link along with converter stations and transition compounds There are conditions on the approval, including establishing a ¿sheries advisory committee with government and industry representatives, which will monitor the project’s impact on ¿sh, shell¿sh, and marine birds and mammals. Newfoundland has required monitoring plans to protect archaeological and heritage resources along with wildlife such as caribou and martens The federal and provincial governments agreed that one environmental assessment report could satisfy their requirements and both conducted a joint 16-week review. However, each reached independent conclusions around their respective areas of responsibility. Nova Scotia is still waiting for the Utility and Review Board’s decision, to see if the Maritime Link project is the Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 11:34 PM

ES&E NEWS lowest-cost option for the province. It will announce a decision in late July. www.novascotia.ca

New Saskatchewan RO plant The town of Cupar recently opened its new reverse osmosis water treatment plant. It includes a demineralization system and provides the community with drinking water that exceeds provincial quality standards. The project also saw upgrades and improvements to the raw water system, site grading, road improvements and a lagoon expansion. Funding for the approximately $7 million project was a collaborative effort among all three levels of government and SaskWater, a crown water utility. The Town of Cupar contributed more than $550,000. The water treatment plant is owned and operated by SaskWater, which will invest approximately $3 million in the project. In addition to certi¿ed operators, SaskWater has also installed a new SCADA system to monitor key points in the water supply and treatment system. Len Kallichukm, Mayor of Cupar, said the reverse osmosis plant has caused most homes to stop using water softeners and that residents no longer need to buy bottled water. www.gov.sk.ca

Disinfection market increases growth

10 Alden Road Markham, Ontario Canada L3R 2S1 Tel: 905-475-1545 Fax: 905-475-2021 www.napier-reid.com

Package Water Treatment Plants/Gravity/Pressure/Membrane/Ion Exchange/GAC

Peter J. Laughton, P. Eng. Consulting Engineer

Environmental Engineering Services

Alliston, Ontario CANADA


tel: +1.705.434.9563 cell: +


The global market for systems designed to disinfect water and wastewater totaled about $1.94 billion in 2012 and should grow to $2.96 billion in 2019, according to a recent study by U.K. based market research ¿rm Frost Sullivan. The study analyzed the disinfection systems markets in the Americas, the Middle East, Africa, the European Union and the Asia-3aci¿c region. It included chlorine disinfection, ultraviolet treatment, advanced oxidation processes, ozonation and electro-chlorination, among others. The market for disinfection is growing rapidly as increased industrialization and globalization require more extensive water reuse, Frost Sullivan said. *lobally, continued overleaf... www.esemag.com

ESE July.Aug 2013_FINAL_Monday_er.indd 71

Summer 2013 | 71

8/6/13 11:34 PM

ES&E NEWS Europe had the highest market share for disinfection systems in 2012, followed by the $mericas and the $sia3aci¿c region +oweYer, the $sia3aci¿c countries are likely to be biggest drivers of the market going forward wwwfrostcom

British Columbia carbon neutral for third consecutive year British Columbia released its annual carbon neutral government report on June 28, and 2012 marks the third year in a row that the provincial public sector has achieved carbon neutrality Carbon neutrality is about achieving net-]ero greenhouse gas emissions Even with the best efforts to reduce *+* emissions, it is dif¿cult - if not impossible - to get to ]ero emissions To be carbon neutral, public sector organizations reduce emissions as much as possible each year, measure any remainder and purchase an equivalent amount

of reductionsoffsets to get to zero For 2012, the provincial public sector created 845,211 tonnes of GHG emissions 2f this total, 2,1 tonnes do not require offsetting under regulation The total offset investment was $18,807,450 for 752,28 tonnes of GHG emissions The BC government¶s commitment to carbon neutrality covers the entire provincial public sector including government of¿ces, schools, post-secondary institutions, Crown corporations and hospitals wwwnewsroomgovbcca

Coca Cola announces its environmental goals The Coca-Cola Company and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) have announced that they are working to advance Coca-Cola system¶s sustainability stewardship, with new, bold global environmental goals and an expanded global partnership Having been partners for almost a decade, Coca-Cola and the WWF have

jointly developed new 2020 environmental sustainability goals for the Coca-Cola system and its nearly 00 bottling partners in more than 200 countries These goals include: • Improve water efficiency by 25 per cent through operational advancements This target complements the 214 per cent improvement in water use efficiency achieved from 2004 through 2012 • Help ensure healthy, resilient freshwater systems Coca-Cola and the WWF will expand their joint conservation efforts to 11 key regions across five continents, including river basins of the Amazon, Koshi, Mekong, Rio Grande/Bravo, Yangtze and Zambezi; the catchments of the Great Barrier Reef and Mesoamerican Reef; and key regions in the Amur-Heilong, Atlantic Forests and 1orthern Great 3lains • Reduce C22 emissions embedded in “the drink in your hand” by 25 per cent by reducing greenhouse gas emissions across Coca-Cola¶s entire value chain, making comprehensive carbon footprint reductions across its manufacturing processes, packaging formats, delivery fleet, refrigeration equipment and ingredient sourcing • Responsibly source material for PlantBottleŒ packaging Working with the WWF, Coca-Cola plans to assess the environmental and social performance of plant-based materials for potential use in this packaging This will enable the Company to meet its goal to use up to 0 per cent plant-based material for all its PET plastic bottles by 2020 • Sustainably source key agricultural ingredients Coca-Cola will work to sustainably source its key ingredients, including sugarcane, sugar beet, corn, tea, coffee, palm oil, soy, pulp and paper fiber and orange

New contaminated site rules for Nova Scotia Nova Scotia property owners now have clearer rules and options for cleaning up contaminated sites and readying them for new uses 8nder the new rules, all contamination that poses a risk to people or the environment must be reported and properly managed This is the ¿rst time that Nova Sco72 | Summer 2013

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Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine

8/6/13 11:34 PM

ES&E NEWS tia has had contaminated sites regulations. Prior to this, direction for cleanup of contaminated sites was given through policy and guidelines. The new regulations were developed with key industry representatives and address most of the auditor general’s recommendations on contaminated sites in his 2010 report. There are two levels of cleanup under the new program: limited and full property remediation. A limited remediation allows property owners to remove contamination or leave it, under very controlled conditions that reduce risks to people and the environment. A full property remediation means property owners must remove all contamination. While this can be more costly, it provides greater assurance to property owners that they will not face enforcement. www.novascotia.ca

NF to help fund Bonavista water system A total of $955,752 in funding from the Provincial Government will be invested in the Town of Bonavista, Newfound-



land and Labrador, to improve municipal infrastructure through the completion of upgrades to the town water system. The initial 1.2 kilometre section of piping was completed during the ¿rst phase of the project in 2012. The second phase will see the completion of the transmission main upgrading including the installation of new water mains to replace the aging piping system that is currently in use in the town. The overall project calls for nearly three kilometers of new transmission main. In 2012, the Provincial Government allocated $130 million over two years for municipal capital works projects throughout the province. Funding for this project is cost-shared based on population, with the Provincial Government providing 80 per cent of the total, and the Town of Bonavista contributing the remaining 20 per cent. www.releases.gov.nl.ca

Energy savings through appliance efficiency

equipment, such as elevators, icemakers, and MRI machines, use 7.8 quadrillion Btus each year, which is more than the primary energy use of Mexico, Australia, New Zealand, or 200 other countries. The ¿ndings come from a new report, Miscellaneous Energy Loads in Buildings, released by the American Council for an Energy-Ef¿cient Economy. The good news is that these devices could be made to use 40-50 per cent less energy with existing technology, according to the report lead author Sameer Kwatra. If consumers upgraded to the most ef¿cient products on the market today, as much energy as Argentina uses in an entire year could be saved. All together, these devices are referred to as miscellaneous energy loads, or MELs, because they do not ¿t into traditional energy-use categories such as refrigeration, HVAC, or lighting. This diversity has meant that attempts to increase MELs’ energy ef¿ciency have varied, with some products having very little or any ef¿ciency measures in place. While some of the devices, like ceiling

Household devices, such as TVs, computers, and ceiling fans, and commercial


continued overleaf...



ESSENTIALS 2013 For Managers, Consultants and Practitioners

November 25-27, at the Mississauga, Ontario, Grand Banquet & Convention Centre. Proven courses to ensure environmental compliance and due diligence at your facility!

November 25 Environmental Regulations & Compliance, 2013 November 26 Waste & Wastewater Compliance & Due Diligence November 27 Waste (Not):

Preparing for Ontario’s New Reduction & Stewardship Rules

For further information, please contact: Judy Earl, Envirogate Event Management, Tel: 416-920-0768, Fax: (416) 920-0620, E-mail: judy@templegateinfo.com www.esemag.com

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Summer 2013 | 73

8/8/13 10:12 PM

Advertiser INDEX




ACG Technology ...........................75 American Public University ..........39 American Water/Terratec Env. .....20 Associated Engineering .................5 AWI..................................................27 Brentwood Industries....................43 Cancoppas .....................................31 CIMA Canada .................................43 Cole Engineering ...........................36 Delcan .............................................15 Denso .............................................41 EMEC ..............................................46 Endress + Hauser ............................7 Envirocan ......................................75 Geneq .............................................44 Greatario.........................................47 Greyline Instruments.....................45 H2Flow ............................................44 Hoskin Scientific......................25, 40 Huber Technology ...........................9 Indachem ........................................23 IPEX ................................................76 John Meunier ...................................8 Kemira ............................................49 Kusters Water ................................33 Maple Reinders Group ..................22 Master Meter ....................................3 MSU Mississauga ..........................35 Mueller ............................................13 National Ground Water Association ....................................37 Neptune ..........................................12 NETZSCH Canada..........................37 Osprey Scientific ...........................50 Pro Aqua.........................................17 ProMinent .........................................2 Roadpost ........................................47 Royal Roads University ................21 SEW-Eurodrive ..............................18 Smith & Loveless...........................19 Stantec............................................45 Syntec .............................................52 USF Fabrication .............................15 Walkerton Clean Water Centre .....42 Waterra ..........................11, 32, 48,51 WEFTEC .........................................56 XCG Consultants ...........................18

74 | Summer 2013

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fans and ice makers, are covered by federaO enerJy ef¿ciency sWandards, and oWKers Oike 79s and comSXWer moniWors are covered Xnder voOXnWary ef¿ciency sSeci¿caWions Oike (1(5*< 67$5Š, many more SrodXcWs in WKe 0(/ caWeJory conWinXe Wo ZasWe enerJy %esides esWabOisKinJ sWandards, WKe reSorW recommends aSSroacKes incOXde encoXraJinJ manXfacWXrers Wo XSJrade WKeir SrodXcWs so WKaW WKe besW-SerforminJ ones noZ on WKe markeW become common 8WiOiWies and oWKer SroJram adminisWraWors can aOso incOXde 0(/s in WKeir enerJy ef¿ciency SorWfoOios and beKavioraO iniWiaWives can be deveOoSed Wo raise aZareness and modify consXmSWion KabiWs ZZZaceeeorJ

OWA releases BMP for protecting lake sturgeon

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The “smartest lake” in the world

7Ke 2nWario :aWerSoZer $ssociaWion 2:$ Kas reOeased a neZ addiWion Wo iWs sXiWe of %esW 0anaJemenW 3racWices %03 for WKe ZaWerSoZer indXsWry in 2nWario. Data Collection and Sampling Protocols for Mitigation Effectiveness Monitoring for Lake Sturgeon and Waterpower, Moins oWKer %03 docXmenWs sXcK as Mitigating the Impacts of Waterpower Facility Construction and species speci¿c %03s for cKanneO darWer, $merican eeO, and Oake sWXrJeon /ake sWXrJeon is WKe OarJesW fresKZaWer ¿sK and WKe onOy member of WKe sWXrJeon famiOy in 2nWario 7Key Kave e[isWed for aW OeasW  miOOion years and Kave cKanJed very OiWWOe in WKaW Wime /ake sWXrJeon Kave ofWen been described as ³OivinJ dinosaXrs´ becaXse of WKeir preKisWoric appearance 7Keir OonJ Oife span, sOoZ JroZWK and reOaWiveOy sOoZ reprodXcWion raWes, make WKem mXcK more vXOnerabOe Wo WKreaWs WKan oWKer aTXaWic species ,n 6epWember , WZo of WKe WKree Oake sWXrJeon popXOaWions in 2nWario, Zere OisWed on WKe 6pecies aW 5isk in 2nWario OisW as ³WKreaWened,´ ZiWK WKe WKird beinJ ³of speciaO concern´ 7Ke 2:$ proacWiveOy pXbOisKed WKe Best Management Practices Guide for Waterpower Projects and Lake Sturgeon in -Xne  Wo JXide WKe indXsWry in miWiJaWinJ WKeir poWenWiaO impacWs Wo WKe species 7Ke pXrpose of WKe neZOy compOeWed %03 JXide is Wo provide a varieWy of sWandardi]ed daWa coOOecWion meWKods, ZKicK

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Profile for Environmental Science and Engineering Magazine

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine Summer 2013  

This issue focuses on: automatic meter reading in Cape Breton, preventing cyber attacks on infrastructure, controlling forcemain odours.

Environmental Science & Engineering Magazine Summer 2013  

This issue focuses on: automatic meter reading in Cape Breton, preventing cyber attacks on infrastructure, controlling forcemain odours.

Profile for esemag