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eoe journal

Volume 23 Number 104 MaY 2014

Women in Technology Self-Knowledge: The Key To Finding The Right Career Direction Healthcare Jobs on The Rise The New Manufacturing Initiative Disabilities in the Workplace Six Advantages of Workplace Diversity

eoejournal Editorial Comment


he weather this past winter has been beyond extreme. From multiple feet of snow and below zero temperatures for entirely too many days in a row, the season has been ruthless and felt like it would never end. But as happens every year, Winter has changed to Spring and Spring can be the perfect time to make a personal change as well. We all know change can be hard. But I’m here to tell you that I know for a fact that it’s not impossible. Change can begin with a desire, but making an actual decision to change seems to be the most effective. Is there something you’d like to change in your life? Well here are a few suggestions to help you on your way: 1. I magine already having what you want. Focus on how it feels to have already made the change. This will help bring it to fruition. 2. C  reate a list of things that will bring you closer to your goal. Check off each thing until you have manifested your change. 3. R  e-committ to the change you have decided to make everyday. Write yourself a note and keep it on the bathroom mirror if you have to! This step is really important. So, whether you want to change something big like your career or something less dramatic like spending more time exercising, deciding to make a change and keeping focus until you get there is a very rewarding experience. Happy Spring! Lisa Petty, Editor Equal Opportunity Employment Journal

The eoejournal is published bimonthly by EOEJournal, Inc. The ownership and management of EOEJ fully and actively supports equal opportunity for all people regardless of race, color, religion, gender, age, national origin or disability.

EOEJ does accept freelance editorial contributions for publishing. Submissions must be on the subject of jobs, job searching, employment opportunities and/or related subjects.

Advertising and Editorial offices are located at: 1550 E. Missouri Phoenix, Arizona 85014 Phone: 1-800-396-3373 Fax: 1-800-293-3408

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Table of Contents Six Advantages of Page 3 Workplace Diversity Eco-Friendly Offices Page 5 Your Career and Learning Page 6 Disabilities Disclosing LD at Work Page 8 Page 9 Make a Good Impression Tweet Your Way To Success Page 10 Hold To Build Team Trust Page 15 6 Reasons Why Every Business Presentation Needs Visuals Page 16 Page 18 Great Employee Qualities Improve Your Business Communication Skills Page 20 Manufacturing Innovation Page 21 Institute Women in Technology Jobs Page 24 Self Knowledge: The Key To Finding Career Direction Page 26 Is A Nursing Career Right for You? Page 27 The Role of Recreational Therapists Page 28 Which Degree Should I Persue? Page 30 How To Land Your First Job As A New Registered Nurse Page 32 Healthcare Jobs on The Rise Page 33 Pick Your Perfect Career Page 35 Jobs in Educational Services Page 36 High Wages after High School Page 42 Stay Positive Through A Never-Ending Job Search Page 49 Looking At “Fastest Growing Careers” List Page 50

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Six Advantages of Workplace Diversity by Sahar Andrade

Why should organizations and businesses care about Diversity & Inclusion now? Diversity and inclusion affect not only the businesses’ people and operations internally but also their customers, suppliers, and other external stakeholders. The most important key ingredient in this shift is: A) The changing demographics in the US. Minorities, now roughly onethird of the US population, are expected to become the majority by 2042. Considering consumer purchasing power in 2013, Hispanics will account for 9.9 % of all US buying power; African-Americans will have an 8.8% share; and Asians will represent a 5.4% share, LGBT (Lesbian, Gay, Bi-sexual, Transgender) will reach a buying power of $835 billion by 2013 (as per some surveys) B) Globalization, and the changing faces—in terms of language, culture, and religion—of both customers and workers will represent an even more diverse mix. C) Generational gaps: The new trend the trend of people living longer and retiring later, resulted in four distinct generations working side by side—conservatives, baby boomers, Generation X, and Generation Y or Millennials—each with its own mind-set, work habits, technology attitudes, and customs. D) Increasing number of dual-income families and single working mothers Leading companies know it’s essential to consistently maintain diversity as a top business imperative over a period of, at minimum, five years before diversity can gain traction and become part of the way those companies do business. True diversity is not just about the mix that constitutes the workforce; it’s also about a company’s customers and business partners.

GLOBAL DIVERSITY Advantages of Workplace Diversity

Businesses are recognizing the need and importance of investing in diversity and inclusion as part of their overall talent management practices and to continually challenge their organizations to make the connection between those principles and their corporate performance.. Diversity is especially crucial in today’s global marketplace, as companies interact with different cultures and clients. The payoffs touch every area of the business by potentially resulting in increased creativity, increased productivity, new attitudes, new language skills, global understanding, new processes, and new solutions to difficult problems. greater agility, better market insight, stronger customer and community loyalty, innovation, and improved employee recruitment and retention. The businesses that fail to see the importance of Diversity and inclusion might find themselves unable to attract and retain the kinds of customers, employees, and business partners that constitute our changing world in 5 to 10 years.

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equal opportunity employment journal

Among the advantages of diversity in the workplace are: Increased Productivity: Diversity and Inclusion brings in diverse different talents together working towards a common goal using different sets of skills that ignites their loyalty and increases their retention and productivity Increased creativity and Problem solving: With so many different and diverse minds coming together many more solutions will arise as every individual brings in their way of thinking, operating and solving problems and decision making Attract and Retain talent that add a competitive edge to any organization: Feeling included and appreciated increases loyalty and feeling of belonging. Language skills pool is increased and propels organization forward either to compete in the International global world or to increase its diverse customer base Help to build synergy in teams and enhances communication skills that brings

“Diversity and Inclusion brings in diverse different talents together working towards a common goal using different sets of skills that ignites their loyalty and increases their retention and productivity.”

in new attitudes and processes that profit the whole team. Applying the proper diversity & inclusion management strategies does not only save money on litigation expenses generated by discrimination lawsuits but is the right thing to do for the business. It increases market share and create a satisfied diverse customer base by relating to people from different backgrounds. It does propel the United States and its status to claim its place and success in the global business world of the 21st century The advantages of diversity& Inclusion embracing affects the base line revenues of any organization and can be the make or break of any business. Ignoring the effects or the existence of diversity in this global new market will only keep organizations back loosing on all the productivity and most important profitability of any business and its core of existence. Article provided by Sahar Andrade, MB.BCh Strategist Sahar Consulting, LLC

May 2014



n 2010, Americans recovered 63.5% of U.S. paper— an 89% increase in recovery since 1990. However, we threw away $2.8 billion worth of paper! In 2010, Americans trashed enough paper to cover 26,700 football fields or 17,800 soccer fields in paper three feet deep.

ACCESS 87% (268 million) of Americans have access to curbside or drop-off paper recycling programs.

RECYCLED CONTENT 31% of the paper and paperboard recovered in the U.S. in 2010 went to produce containerboard (i.e. corrugated boxes) and 12% went to produce boxboard (i.e. cereal boxes). As of 2010, 80% of U.S. paper mills (115 mills) relied on recycled paper. In fact, it supplied 37% of their material.

ECONOMICS Nearly 40% of the paper collected for recycling in the U.S. in 2010 was exported to China and other nations.

ENERGY Producing recycled paper takes 40% less energy than producing paper from virgin wood pulp.

RESOURCES It takes 24 trees to make one ton of uncoated virgin (non-recycled) printing and office paper.

Pioneer Natural Resources is a large independent exploration and production company that delivers competitive and sustainable results. At the heart of our success are the enthusiasm, commitment and talent of employees. Our strong culture relies on being direct and open, and we take the health and safety of |employees and the environment seriously. We work together to get the job done, and the environment at Pioneer empowers us to make a difference. Pioneer Natural Resources USA, Inc. is an equal opportunity employer. To learn more about career opportunities visit us at:

Using recycled scrap paper instead of virgin material saves 7,000 gallons of water per ton of paper produced. Recycled paper production creates 74% less air pollution and 35 percent less water pollution than virgin paper production. 5205 N. O’Connor Boulevard, Suite 200 Irving, TX 75039


ur mission is to manage and conserve the natural and cultural resources of Texas and to provide hunting, fishing and outdoor recreation opportunities for the use and enjoyment of present and future generations. Learn more about us and our current openings online at:

4200 Smith School Road • Austin, TX 78744 • EOE


The Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA) is a multi-modal transportation agency serving Orange County. Searching for a challenging and rewarding career? Are you ready to work with a team of talented professionals? Then discover the many career opportunities OCTA has to offer. Visit for more information. We are an equal opportunity employer.

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Eco-Friendly Offices: Saving the Planet at Work by Ethan Hargrave


eading an eco-friendly lifestyle does not stop when you leave the home. You can also stick to your green values while you are at work. Here are a few ideas for ways that you can reduce your impact on the environment while in the office.

day in the office, which is necessary in spaces with little natural light. If you want to cut down on your electricity usage, simply replace all of the lightbulbs with energy-efficient bulbs. This may involve making a small investment, but you will save significant amounts of electricity.

Recycle Everything

Opt for Refurbished PCs

Paper is the main material that gets wasted in the office, so try to recycle as much of it as you can. Arrange for a recycling company to collect your waste paper every week or fortnight, and you can instantly save all of that paper from going to waste. You can also place recycle bins at various locations around the office, which will make it easy for everyone to do their bit. You don’t have to stick to paper. You could also set up a mixed recycling bin to collect tins, plastic bottles, and glass, so that everyone in the office can recycle as much as possible.

Reuse Everything

Recycling waste is a good idea, but reusing items is even more eco-friendly. Rather than throwing paper away, create a pile of scrap paper that can be used to make notes or to print rough documents, and this will save you having to buy new paper. If you no longer need something, like an item of furniture or stationery, find someone who will make use of it rather than throwing it away. There are plenty of websites where you can send your items to people who will use them again, helping you to avoid throwing anything out unnecessarily.

Replace Your Lightbulbs

People often leave the lights on all

If you need to buy some new computers, ask yourself whether you really need new ones. The chances are that refurbished PCs will suit you just as well. Many refurbished PCs are almost as good as new models, so find out about your options. Using refurbished PCs will help you to reduce the environmental impact of manufacturing new PCs, and you could also make some significant savings.

Go Paperless

You may not be able to run a completely paperless office, but you can do your best to use paper as little as possible. For a start, try to avoid printing anything unless you absolutely have to. For example, you could make it a policy in the office to scan documents and send them via email rather than printing them out. When you do print a document, ask yourself whether you could print it in the rough mode, which will cut down on the amount of ink you use.

Go Green at Work

Try to make changes in the office that will benefit the environment. Going green at work is often easy to do, and it can even help you to save money. So see how many positive changes you can implement in the office and enjoy working in a more eco-friendly environment. Article by

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May 2014

Your Career and Learning Disabilities

To Tell Or Not To Tell—That Is The Question


.S. citizens are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) which outlaws discrimination in the workplace against qualified persons with a disability. Here are the important details of the Act: • Employers covered by the ADA include those with fifteen or more employees in the private sector, state and local governments, employment agencies and labor unions the law covers all aspects of  the employment process including recruitment procedures, hiring, training, promotion, compensation and termination. To be covered by the ADA, you  must be considered “qualified” for the job. “Qualified” applicants/ employees are able to perform tasks essential to the job either with or without accommodations. • Employers are required to make reasonable accommodations (such as modifying work schedules) for you as long as they do not impose “undue hardships” (such as a crippling cost) on your employer. • To receive job accommodations or take legal action under the ADA, you must first disclose your disability to your employer and provide official documentation that you have LD/ADD.

Where do I go for help if I feel I am being discriminated against?

You can file discrimination charges through the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Generally you need to contact them within 180 days from when the alleged discrimination takes place. However some states allow you up to 300 days to file a complaint. To file a complaint you will need to contact the EEOC office near you.

Deciding whether or not to reveal your learning whether or not to tell your disability/ADD may be one of the most difficult Deciding employer about your LD/ADD? Deciding whether or not to reveal your learning disability/ADD may be decisions you will ever have to make.

one of the most difficult decisions you will ever have to make. You may worry about the potential pitfalls of revealing your disability (e.g. not getting hired, what they will think of you, not being able to get a promotion). Therefore, revealing your LD/ADD is always a matter of personal choice. It is totally up to you how how much information you share, who you share it with and how you reveal it. One concern you may have is deciding when to tell your employer about your LD/ADD. Should you tell before the interview, during the interview or after you have been hired? To help you make your decision, here are some positives and negatives for each option.

Positives of revealing your LD/ADD before the interview

It is possible your employer is an equal rights employer who is under an employment equity quota which may help your chances of getting an interview. If you are called for an interview, you will know that your prospective employer has some understanding of your disability. You may feel less nervous about the approaching interview.

Negatives of revealing your LD/ADD before the interview?

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Revealing your LD/ADD to a prospective employer on your resume might limit your employment prospects because: You may not be selected for an interview over the competition. Your employer may focus solely on your the fact that you have LD/ADD rather than paying attention to the strengths and skills mentioned in your resume. Without being there in person, you will be unable to prove your competency by explaining your abilities and the ways you successfully compensate for your LD/ADD.

Positives of revealing your LD/ADD during the interview

You are being totally honest with your employer. You will be able to judge how understanding your employer is about your LD/ADD and gauge their willingness to accommodate your needs. These observations will help you decide whether to accept a job offer or not.  

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

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If your employer is an equal rights employer who is under an employment equity quota it may help your chances of being hired you may assuage any doubts your employer has about your ability to perform the job by providing concrete examples of how you successfully compensate for your LD/ADD. Not having to hide your LD/ADD may allow you to make a better job of selling yourself to a prospective employer you may discover just how understanding and accommo- dating a prospectivel employer can be you will be able to request accommodations during the interview itself.

Your employer is legally obligated to provide you with reasonable accommodations to enable you to do your job. Negatives of revealing your LD/ADD during the interview

Your employment prospects may be limited by your employer’s poor understanding of LD/ADD. He/she may see your disability as a personal weakness which would negatively affect your job performance. If you suspect the reason you were not hired is because you revealed your LD/ADD during the interview, there is little recourse under the law because the employer can simply say that there were others more qualified for the job. Your LD/ADD could become the focal point of the conversation preventing you from discussing your ability to do the job.

Positives of revealing your LD/ADD after hiring

By law, your employer cannot fire you because you tell them you have LD/ADD. Your employer is legally obligated to provide you with reasonable accommodations to enable you to do your job. If you are not provided with reasonable accommodations or believe you were unjustly terminated due to your LD/ADD, you can take legal action, you no longer have to deal with the stress of trying to hide your LD/ADD from your employer and other co-workers. You may experience enhanced work relationships through the fostering of trust and understanding.

Negatives of revealing your LD/ADD after you have been hired

Your employer may feel like you have been dishonest with him/her by not revealing your LD/ADD before you were hired. Your employer and co-workers may show a lack of understanding about your LD/ADD. They may stereotype you as lazy, dumb, slow, etc. Your employer and/or co-workers may doubt your ability  to perform the job creating a poor work environment. You may have trouble getting a promotion, even through your work warrants it. Your employer may fail to acknowledge requests for accommodations. In extreme case, your employer may terminate your employment, although you have legal recourse.

Reasonable Workplace Accommodations

As mentioned in the legal rights section, your employer must provide you with reasonableaccommodations to help you function in the workplace, but what exactly are reasonableaccommodations and what kinds can you request?  Please pick one: What are reasonable accommodations? What kinds of accommodations can you request? What are reasonable accommodations? Accommodations are the methods, techniques, strategies and workplace adaptations that enable you to perform your job. Legal legislation requires accommodations to be reasonable meaning they cannot cause undue hardships for your employer such as crippling costs or safety hazards. What kinds of accommodations can you request? There are many different kinds of accommodations that might help you depending on the type of LD/ADD you have. Knowing your specific accommodation needs can help you advocate for yourself in the workplace. You can request a list of LD/ADD workplace accommodations from the Job Accomodation Network (JAN) - there’s 23 pages of excellent information. Article provided by

Not having to hide your LD/ADD may allow you to make a better job of selling yourself to a prospective employer.

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equal opportunity employment journal

Disclosing A Personal Story LD in The B Workplace by Liz Fife, Adult with LD

eing dyslexic has affected my entire life, however I was never more aware of the extent of my disability until I entered the work force. After being diagnosed with dyslexia in the third grade, I was lucky enough that my parents transferred me to a school that understood the challenges of learning disabled (LD) students and never lowered their expectations of me compared to non-LD students. This enabled me to receive additional time and assistance without questioning my potential to earn an A or attend the college of my choice, which was the University of Pennsylvania. Throughout high school and college I believed being dyslexic was an insurmountable curse. I had to work harder than all my friends, staying up until 4 a.m. on a regular basis, missing out on parties and social experiences, and I could never get past my anger that reading and writing came so much easier to “normal” students. However, my disability became much more apparent when I started working at an investment bank where my work product affected my whole team and not just my grade at school. Initially I did not mention my dyslexia to co-workers for fear that they would regret hiring me or think less of me. But as time passed I realized that I was doing myself an injustice by not speaking up.


We Have Immediate Opportunities for service minded individuals! Our many departments include: •Administrative •Engineering

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•Culinary •Restaurant Delaware North Companies is a global leader in hospitality and food service that is grounded in a foundation of family ownership. For current employment opportunities and application procedures, please visit our websites:

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We encourage you to explore the benefits and opportunities associated with our hotel. Most benefits are effective 1st of the month following 90 days. We offer medical dental, sick, personal & vac pay, 401K, Direct Deposit, credit union, free Life Insurance, free parking, free meals, free bus passes, tuition reimbursement, discounts on hotel & restaurants, & fun work environment! Please send your resume and salary requirements to: We are an equal opportunity / drug free employer who is committed to a diverse workforce

We seek genuine individuals for our Loews Hotel jobs who are able to engage and delight our guests by providing Four Diamond AND MORE service. We embrace diversity at our core and offer the opportunity for all team members to reach their potential as professionals. We seek to create a dynamic culture that makes work interesting, challenging, fulfilling and fun. Please view current openings at:

Loews Hotels is an Equal Opportunity Employer committed to a diverse work culture, M/F/D/V.

May 2014 How could I expect my superiors to understand that I took longer to complete a task because of my disability and not because I was procrastinating? Or that I forgot what they just requested because my brain is wired differently resulting in poor short-term memory and not because I wasn’t paying attention to what they were saying? When I finally told one of my co-workers he turned to me and said, “Ok, I understand what you’re saying, but I’m not sure what you want me to do.” Good question. I had to think: did I want him to treat me differently than others? No. Did I want him to give me less work than others? No. What I wanted was for him to simply understand what I was going through. That’s the thing about having a learning disability, no one can see it from just looking at you and unless you speak up, no one will have any idea. For some people this is the best part of a learning disability…they can hide it from the world! But what good is that doing? It took opening up to my co-workers for me to understand that yes, being dyslexic is a disability, but it is also a source of strength. I had to learn at a young age how to overcome setbacks, work extra hard to get where I wanted, and to push against adversity. In turn this gave me an advantage over my peers and has led me to succeed in school and work. Now when I talk about my experience with friends and colleagues they can see my determination and drive and not just my disability. Article provided by

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

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6 Tips to Help You Make a Good Impression on Your First Day at Your New Job


you impressed at your job interview and you’ve just found out that you’ve gotten the job - congratulations! There’s no better feeling than finding out that all of your hard work has paid off and you finally have a job. However, the last thing you want to do is make a bad impression on your coworkers on your first day. Your first impression is incredibly important. It’s going to define how your coworkers treat you, how enjoyable your work environment is, how much pressure you’ll put on yourself to succeed and more. The following are 6 tips to help you make a good impression on your coworkers on your first day of work:

1. Dress To Fit The Environment

You don’t necessarily have to wear a suit if you are working in a casual environment. However, if everyone dresses professionally, then you should as well. Whatever you do, don’t show up at work wearing shorts and sandals. Even if the dress code is casual, be sure to wear something with a collar. If you are unsure about the dress code, contact HR - they will be more than happy to help you out.

Don’t let the stress affect your mood. Be calm as you learn your new tasks and learn how the office operates. 2. Introduce Yourself

Don’t ignore your coworkers. Go up to them and introduce yourself to them. You don’t have to be overly social - a simple introduction will show them that you want to be a part of the office and that you aren’t just focused on yourself. Of course, you’ll want to make sure you remember everyone’s name.

inspire and guide


3. Make A Note of Office Policies

Make sure that you read up on the formal policies of the office as well as any informal policies that your coworkers have made you aware of. Your coworkers have been here longer than you, which means they have a way of doing things, from the routine of day-to-day work to different rules they have put into place to make the office environment more conducive to work, whether it’s speaking quietly in the hallways or cleaning up after yourself in the break room. Be respectful and follow these policies.

4. Be Careful about What You Say

You don’t know your coworkers yet, so you don’t know what might offend them. Avoid using slang or saying anything that might be considered offensive. Be careful with how you speak as you will be judged by your coworkers. This can sometimes be difficult for individuals with larger personalities who tend to joke around a lot - but get to know your coworkers a little better before you start cracking jokes. You don’t want to offend anyone.

5. Listen To Your Coworkers

If your coworker has something to say to you, whether it’s a piece of advice or some information they think will be helpful to you, make sure to listen. Don’t act dismissive - they are trying to help you adjust to your new surroundings. Make eye contact and be attentive. Your coworkers will respect you more if you show that you appreciate the opinions of others.

6. Be Positive

The first day at a new job can be stressful. Don’t let the stress affect your mood. Be calm as you learn your new tasks and learn how the office operates. It may be overwhelming, but you’ll figure it out soon enough. If you get angry or aggravated, your coworkers will notice and it won’t reflect well on your ability to deal with pressure or new situations. Article by

The Office of Naval Research (ONR), is committed to increasing the number of women of color in science and technology. ONR participates and sponsors science fairs, college internships, graduate fellowships and curricular enrichment programs to promote diversity and inclusion of:  African Americans,  Hispanics,

ONR’s greatest asset is our cadre of outstanding personnel.

 Native Americans,  Asian Americans,  Veterans, and  People with Disabilities. The Office of Naval Research coordinates, executes and promotes the science and technology programs of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps through universities, government laboratories, corporations and nonprofit organizations. For more information about the Office of Naval Research’s education and career opportunities, visit our website at:

Office of Naval Research An Equal Opportunity Employer

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014


How to Use Twitter to Land Your Next Job S by Beconrad

ocial media is a powerful tool, and one that many recruiters are now using to find and vet job candidates. No matter what industry you are in, Twitter can help you gain visibility, showcase your talents and even land you your dream job. As with any social media tool, Twitter can be your best friend or your worst enemy when it comes to looking for a job. Just as that drunken picture on Facebook can sink your career, so can an ill-timed or ill-conceived tweet. If you are serious about using the platform to find a new job, you need to control how you look to the world. Polish Your Profile The social media profile you create is your face to the world, and you need to pay careful attention to it. First impressions matter just as much in the virtual world as in the real one, and your Twitter profile should make recruiters want to know more about you and what you can bring to their firms.   It all starts with the picture you upload to your Twitter

A recognized strength of The Underwriters Group is its superior claims administration services for both employee benefits and workers’ compensation. Learn more about us at: UDERWRITERS SAFETY & CLAIMS 1700 Eastpoint Parkway • Louisville, KY 40223 Equal Opportunity Employer

profile. That picture should be polished and professional -- it is, after all, the first thing every recruiter and HR executive will see. You do not necessarily have to get a professional photo done, but you do need to create a professional-looking head shot. Create a Consistent Profile The head shot and profile you present on Twitter should be echoed throughout any other social media sites where you have a presence. Creating a consistent profile is important, whether you are trying to land a new job or move up in your current career. Your Twitter handle, LinkedIn user name and Facebook ID should be as consistent as possible. Including your name in your Twitter handle is important, since it will help recruiters find you and colleagues recognize you. You can use variations if someone has already used the handle you have in mind. If you work as an accountant, you could use a handle like @BobJones_CPA if @BobJones has already been used. No matter what your Twitter handle, your bio should state your experience and skills clearly and concisely. The conciseness will be easy enough, since Twitter limits your bio to just 160 characters. The key is to make those characters count. You should also include a link to your LinkedIn profile at the end of your Twitter bio. Doing so makes it easier for recruiters to find more information about your qualifications. Just be sure your LinkedIn profile is up to date, and that it includes a current version of your resume.

Follow the People You Want to Work With

One of the great things about Twitter is it allows you to communicate with people you do not know -- at least not yet. By following the VIPs of the company you want to work for, you get your name out there and start building a brand. Following those influential individuals can give you that extra edge when looking for a job. You can use any number of directories to find the Twitter profiles and Twitter handles of movers and shakers, but Wefollow and Twellow are two of the most popular.   Make Those Tweets Count Simply being on Twitter is not enough. Twitter gives you a platform to share your thoughts, but it is up to you to make those tweets count. Twitter allows you to share your expertise; it is your job to present an expert face to the world.   Targeting your tweets to the audience you are trying to reach is one of the best ways to distinguish yourself and get the attention of the hiring managers and recruiters you are trying to reach. You could, for instance, post a list of tax-preparation tips on your LinkedIn profile or your personal website, then use a well-timed Twitter post to promote that article and showcase your expertise.   Being perceived as an expert is vital in today’s competitive job market. To get hired today, you need to demonstrate your value to the company before you ever walk through their doors. Social media tools like Twitter can give you that extra edge and get the attention of the most influential people in your chosen field. Article by

A World of Difference in One Company.

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At State Street, we’re firmly committed to fostering a diverse and inclusive workplace wherever we operate across the globe. As a leading financial We are a Montana-born company, built on western values, focused on creating long-standing relationships through integrity, expertise and results. To learn more and explore our career opportunities, visit us online at

Stockman Bank is an equal opportunity employer. © 2014 Stockman Bank | Member FDIC reachhigher

services provider to some of the world’s most sophisticated institutions, we

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know that our strength comes from the variety of perspectives each employee

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brings. To learn more about State Street, please visit

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May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

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GE Retail Finance Imagination Applied

Take this job and love it.


The Five Keys to Perform at Your Productive Best by Laura Stack, MBA, CSP

SUPERCOMPETENT KEY #1: ACTIVITY Activity demonstrates value and reflects importance.

SuperCompetent people have an acute sense of direction, in which the nature of their activity reflects priority. They’re particularly aware of one thing that escapes most of their colleagues: that being busy and being productive are two very different things. You can be busy all day long, running from one brushfire to another, and not accomplish anything productive at all. True Activity involves knowing your goals intimately, keeping them constantly in mind, and working toward them in an efficient way that wastes a minimum of energy and time. SuperCompetent people aren’t hidebound by the old ways of doing things, either; if there’s a possibility of doing something more efficiently, they suggest or implement it. They make every effort to avoid getting mired in the trap of Schlimmbesserung, in which new processes and technologies intended to make work easier end up making you work longer and harder than before. Here are a few ways to help you fine-tune your workday in the Key of Activity, keeping things humming along like a well-oiled productivity machine: 1. Know exactly why you work hard and what you’re trying to achieve. You can’t be very productive if you don’t know what you’re working for. Plan out your goals and dreams, and work toward achieving


Careers at GE Retail Finance

N Jim Ferreira


You’re going to notice something unusual right away.txsPeople smile. They’re happy to come in. They feel productive and well recognized. They go home satisfied. Join us at GE Retail Finance, and get all the pay and benefits of a global leader, plus something you won’t find anywhere else: a job you can smile about.

GE Money Imagination Applied GE Retail Finance is a global leader providing credit services to

customers, retailers and auto dealers in more than 35 countries around the world. We reward hard work and brilliant ideas with recognition programs and incentive plans. We foster a performance driven culture that puts customers first, sparks creativity, and encourages all employees to come up with new ideas and one of a kind solutions. And when You’re going to notice something unusual right it comes to career advancement, the opportunities are to come in. The away. People smile. They’re happy yours for the taking. If you arefeel interested enriching your They go home productivein and well recognized. career at a company that values your opinion, then come Join us at GE Money & Affiliates, and get all the pay benefits available of a global leader, something you wo join our team. We have openings from plus entrya job you can up smileto about. level customer service representatives executive level management roles, please visit ourformerly careers website GE Money, known as GEatConsumer Finan $151information. billion in assets and 32,000 employees. And for additional

Take this job and love it.

opening. Which means there’s room here for you. T There’s just one thing you need to do first. Join us GE is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

imagination at work

Attention Job Seekers! We are now offering increa to enjoy a competitive starting wage, plus an out

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

them. Learn what makes you tick, own your destiny, and keep focused on your mission. 2. Know what to do, when to do it, and why. Take initiative and do what needs to be done when it needs to be done. Don’t just work on projects in the order they come across your desk; learn to structure your time and processes effectively, or others will out-compete you. 3. Create systems to perform tasks more efficiently, so you can leave the office on time. Too often, we’re gulled into working harder than we should by stuff that was supposed to make our lives easier. Step forward and create or suggest more efficient ways of doing things, so that you can take back your time. 4. Regularly rest and recharge your batteries, so that you can be productive and creative when you return to work. For heaven’s sake, you’re not a robot. Take a break when you need to! As long as you don’t become a slacker, taking time off can be one of the healthiest, most productive things you can do. 5. Do the day’s most profitable and valuable tasks first. Instead of taking care of piddling brushfire issues, learn to delegate. Put the most important tasks at the top of your list, and work through them first—then do all the rest, if you have time. It’s not a sin to let unimportant tasks go. At the end of the day, all that matters is results—and results are measured by productivity. That means you need to be very sure that your time is accounted for AND has real value. Productivity, in its most meaningful sense, is all about reaching high-value goals in every area of your life, often in the shortest amount of time (but not always, such as spending time with loved ones). Nobody cares how many things you crossed off your list. Nobody cares how busy you were last week if key projects are falling through the cracks. Only results matter, so strive to get the most value out of every day. Grab your dreams and get going!

SUPERCOMPETENT KEY #2: AVAILABILITY Availability is driven by Activity.

At the end of the day, all that matters is results—and results are measured by productivity. That means you need to be very sure that your time is both accounted for AND has real value.

First National Bank Texas and its affiliates are dedicated to being a preferred employer, providing opportunities to maximize employee potential. We offer an excellent work environment, competitive salary and benefits package. We are an equal opportunity employer. Our employment practices are in accordance with the laws that prohibit discrimination due to race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, disability or other protected status. All affiliates support a drug free workplace.

For more information please visit our website at

Just as setting valid priorities and goals is important, so is accepting your responsibility in carrying them out. You have to structure your schedule very carefully to ensure that things get done—because if you don’t, other people will be perfectly happy to structure your schedule for you. Think about it: how many times have you attended a meeting and asked yourself, “Why am I here?” Often, it’s because someone decided you should be—without bothering to consider if that was best for you and your productivity goals. You have to be willing to protect your time from everyone who wants a piece of it. Among other things, you must learn to say no when appropriate, to delegate, to cancel unnecessary meetings, to let some tasks go, and to eliminate bottlenecks—whatever’s necessary to take back your time and use it the way you need to. More importantly, you must learn how to leverage technological productivity tools that can lighten your scheduling load. Webinars, teleconferencing, and services like Jott or GoToMeeting can accelerate productivity and streamline your schedule. So can the effective use of organizers and other paper-based methods. The trick is finding which one works best for you, and that takes some experimentation.

Try these tips to hone your Availability toward SuperCompetence:

1. Refuse requests when appropriate. Learn how to say no graciously. Because you’re good at what you do, you’ll always be fielding requests for help and input. It’s human nature to want to please others, but you can’t do it all. There’s no need to be rude, but there are polite ways to avoid being overworked. 2. Set appropriate boundaries. Learn how to protect your time from others. You’re always going to face what I call the six D’s of Interruptions: Deadlines, Disruptions, Dependencies, Discrepancies, Distractions, and Drop-Ins. You can’t let others use any of these to slow down your productivity. 3. Push a task down to the lowest level of responsibility. Trust others to do their jobs; “delegation” is a popular business buzzword for a reason. Don’t waste your time and productivity on tasks other people can do more cheaply. Hand them off to someone else, and let them do their jobs without micromanagement.

SUPERCOMPETENT KEY #3: ATTENTION Attention is the ability to concentrate.

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SuperCompetent workers are always tightly focused: on getting the job done, on their department’s success, on their company’s success, on the success of their own careers. They home in like a bloodhound on the task at hand, rather than flitting from one thing to another. Distractions are ignored or shunted aside. They avoid negative chat and whining, and are proud of what they’ve accomplished at the end of the day. When fine-tuning your ability to pay Attention, it’s especially important to avoid an overdependence on business technology. You must school yourself to ignore the Internet, except where it’s necessary to do your job. Don’t take a few minutes to check your eBay auctions or web comics when you should be working, and for heaven’s sake, don’t let your email rule your life. Modern technology can be a phenomenal productivity tool, but it will eat your day alive if you let it. So don’t. Learn to turn off Outlook, block out those distractions any way

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

you can, and get to work. You don’t have to be a social pariah, but don’t let your social interactions (online or in real life) take over your workday, either.

To achieve a SuperCompetent Attention level, you have to constantly work on these five factors:

1. Stay focused consistently on your work. Don’t get distracted. No, do not open Outlook, and turn off all your email alerts. Sure, it may only take a few seconds to check your mail or go for a cup of coffee; but any interruption breaks your concentration, wasting valuable minutes as you refocus on your task. 2. Leave the distractions for your downtime. Most people lack the ability to refuse attractive distractions, and this costs Corporate America billions of dollars per year. When you’re supposed to be working, work. Wait for lunch or break time to check YouTube or your social media sites. 3. Limit your multi-tasking in order to maximize your productivity. Despite our technological achievements, it’s difficult for the human mind to focus on more than one or two things at a time. Rather than achieving more, you end up slowing down because your perceptual channels get jammed. Prune your task list. 4. Don’t allow socializing to overwhelm your productivity. Human beings are social creatures, so of course you’ll need to interact with the people around you—but don’t let it get out of hand. This is especially a problem now that it’s so easy to go online and lose yourself in social media of all kinds. 5. Don’t let your productivity technology take over your life. Realize that your handheld, cell phone, laptop, and other forms of business technology are just tools to help you become more productive—end of story. You need to be

able to turn all these things off at the end of the day; how else can you ever be off work? Let’s face it, folks. There’s a time for work and a time for fun, and you can’t do both effectively at the same time—not and accomplish anything worthwhile. Focus, focus, focus. You’ll be amazed at what you can get done—and how good that will make you feel. For the working professional, social media, handheld devices, email, and the like are tools. You need to learn to use these tools for what they’re intended, instead of letting their expanded purposes of entertainment get out of hand in the workplace. That said, you shouldn’t let their utility trick you into trying to do too much at once, either. Just because it’s easy to communicate via email and social media and to get more work through your contacts, don’t get sucked into the multi-tasking trap. You’re only human; you can only do so much. Never forget that.

SUPERCOMPETENT KEY #4: ACCESSIBILITY Accessibility is the ability to organize the inputs and outputs in your life.

Being productive nowadays requires many different competencies, one of which is being organized. If you excel in this competency, you have systems, rather than piles of paper and piles of files. You can find what you want, when you want it, in thirty seconds or less. Organization is your ability to sort, filter, and process all types of information effectively. Being organized means controlling the paper, email, reading material, and inputs into and out of your office and life. It’s how tidy your office and home look, inside and out. It’s how in control you look and feel, inside and out. Being organized will give you more control over your life and

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When you’re supposed to be working, work. Wait for lunch or break time to check YouTube or your social media sites. time, so you need to find the time and the self-control to achieve organization through proper systems. Everything in your work life must be easily accessible.

If Accessibility is a Key you have issues with, keep these suggestions in mind as you move forward:

1. Invest a little time in developing simple systems, so you know where everything is at all times. Despite the popular saying, a clean desk is not a sign of an empty mind. It’s a sign of a productive one. Experiment with various ways to become more productive; it’s worth the time you’ll spend on it. 2. Set up a logical, easy-to-follow scheduling system, and stick to it. Highly productive people always know where they’re supposed to be at any particular time, so learn to effectively manage the three distinct scheduling components: 1) Appointments and meetings, 2) Things to do; and 3) Reminders. 3. Don’t let yourself get distracted by the technology you use to stay organized. You’re the boss, not your PDA or smartphone. If you’ll take a little time to handle, organize, and track your files, emails, and other communications as they come in, you’re unlikely to be overwhelmed later on. 4. Keep careful track of your contacts and communications. We communicate with more people than ever these days, by means of more media than ever before. Fortunately, there are many effective ways to track contact information, histories, and pending communications—if you’re willing to put in the necessary time. 5. Don’t waste travel time. A second saved is a second earned; so instead of taking things easy while you’re traveling, use the time to get ahead so you’ll have more free time later. You can also save plenty of annoyance and time simply by preparing for your trips in advance. When you tame your Accessibility monster, you’re saving time—a

Allied World Assurance Company is a world class insurance and reinsurance company.

We offer a broad range of career opportunities at every level within our organization and recruit professionals who are team-focused, creative and passionate about their work. Allied World offers career opportunities in the following areas: * Actuarial * Administration * Claims * Finance * Human Resources * Information Technology * Internal Audit * Legal * Marketing and Communications * Underwriting For details of current opportunities please visit:

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equal opportunity employment journal

Self-discipline is important in any field of endeavor. Without it, deadlines get missed, you feel guilty—and guilt sucks the energy right out of you. Long Beach Transit is one of the largest municipal public transit systems in Los Angeles County, and we are ranked in the top ten best transportation organizations in the country for our size. Our mission is to provide public transportation services that enhance and improve the quality of life for the people in our community. View current openings and application procedure online at: 1963 EAST ANAHEIM STREET LONG BEACH, CA 90813 Equal Opportunity Employer

331 Graham Road • Imlay City, MI 48444 Direct calls to: (800) 776-4943 For more information please visit our website at:

We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

The Power Of Connections

Electro-Motive Diesel is owned by Progress Rail Services, A Caterpillar Company

View available career opportunities at Equal Opportunity Employer m/f/d/v

precious commodity that you can’t get any more of. If nothing else, accessibility makes it easier to get the little things done without having to relinquish your all-important focus on the task at hand. Don’t think that accessibility is limited to systems and files; it’s just as important in how you deal with potential time-stealers like travel. When you’re well-prepared and everything is in its place, you’re less likely to forget things if you have to spring into action at a moment’s notice. And rather than just sit back and relax, work a bit while you’re in the air or riding the train. Even a few minutes here and there can let you spend more time enjoying your life and your family when you’re back home.

SUPERCOMPETENT KEY #5: ACCOUNTABILITY Accountability recognizes that “the buck stops here.”

SuperCompetent people mean what they say and say what they mean. They’re authentic, and other people know this and appreciate them for it—and also for their refusal to blame others when unforeseen circumstances trip them up. Their intense focus on their values is borne out in their demeanor and their sense of personal responsibility. Accountability involves your commitment to yourself and others. It’s about the promises we make to the people who rely on us—and to ourselves. It’s about consistently hitting goals, meeting deadlines, fulfilling promises, and committing to teamwork. The truly Accountable understand that in almost every circumstance, they’re responsible for who they are and where they are.

A high level of self discipline and Accountability can be achieved by consistently practicing the following precepts:

1. Take personal responsibility for handling your time and productivity. Never lay the blame on anyone else. Unless you live in a totalitarian state or are an indentured servant (unlikely), then when it comes to productivity, it’s all up to you. If something or someone gets in your way, it’s your duty to go around.

United Way of Greater Los Angeles is committed to creating pathways out of poverty so that everyone who lives in our communities can have a better quality of life. Every day, UWGLA’s dynamic team of volunteers and professionals work to make Los Angeles County a community of promise and opportunity for all who live here.

May 2014

2. When a process seems unusually long and inefficient, do what you can to make it easier for everyone. Just because something’s been done a certain way for a long time doesn’t mean it’s the best way to do it now. If you find a problem, step forward and fix it if you can—or offer a solution if you can’t. 3. Rather than waste even small amounts of productive time, get right to work. Breaks are necessary, but don’t overindulge in them. Self-discipline is important in any field of endeavor. Without it, deadlines get missed, you feel guilty—and guilt sucks the energy right out of you. Or you get fired. Or both. 4. When you have all the information you need to proceed, make decisions immediately. You have to make critical decisions quickly whenever it’s necessary and you’re empowered to do so. 5. Understand the difference between being busy and being productive. Don’t let little tasks keep you from getting things done. Most of us spend too much time tending to minor issues that other people can handle more cheaply and efficiently, and never have enough time to do all the really important tasks. Accountability boils down to personal responsibility. The SuperCompetent take charge of their own productivity because, ultimately, they realize that it all comes down to them. They accept the blame when it’s due, not just the credit. They also do all they can to make things work better for themselves and others, and make every effort to become comfortable with making decisions, without letting the possible negative consequences paralyze them. Personal responsibility is easy to observe in people who have it. Wouldn’t you like people to observe it in you? © 2010 Laura Stack. Laura Stack is a personal productivity expert, author, and professional speaker who is dedicated to building SuperCompetent¨ cultures by creating Maximum Results in Minimum Time¨. She is the president of The Productivity Pro¨, Inc., a time management training firm specializing in productivity improvement in high-stress organizations. Since 1992, Laura has presented keynotes and seminars on improving output, lowering stress, and saving time in todayÕs workplaces. She is the bestselling author of four books: SUPERCOMPETENT; The Exhaustion Cure; Find More Time; and Leave the Office Earlier. Her clients include Starbucks, Wal-Mart, Cisco Systems, Microsoft, Nationwide, and 3M. To have Laura speak at your next event, call 303-471-7401. Visit to sign up for her free monthly productivity newsletter.

Visit our website to view and apply online for current open positions. United Way of Greater Los Angeles is an equal opportunity employer.

United Way of Greater Los Angeles 1150 S. Olive Street, Suite T500 Los Angeles, CA 90015

May 2014


equal opportunity employment journal

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How To Build Team Trust

rust is the belief and confidence in the integrity, reliability and fairness of a person or organization. Trust is an essential human value and is the grease that keeps teams running smoothly when conflict arises. It is difficult to acquire, and if abused, harder to salvage. People become nervous and defensive with one another if any of the following occur: • Decisions are perceived to be unfair. • Behavior is unreliable. • Business strategies are unpredictable. • People fail to follow through. • People lie to cover up mistakes. • Work stragegies and systems are unreliable. People who were raised during the partial eclipse of the industrial age, the baby boomers and their parents, learned to do what they were told and to align with organizations they could trust to make payroll. They were taught to trust their leaders and if necessary lie for them. For example, the secretary learned to roll off the tongue that the boss was not in, when he was. This little “white” lie was sanctioned if not ordered from the top down. And, similar matters of integrity occur even today, when little white lies serve to cover up mistakes. Since the rise of the information age, organizations can no longer view their employees the same way as their physical, financial and inventory assets. These assets are owned. People are not. Therefore, the organization’s personnel success or failure hinges on relationship quality and longevity of the relationships it forges with employees. And, long term relationships are based on trust. Trust is so important to group relationships that people worry or become angry and discontented if trust is damaged. Or, they become numb and with the numbness come complacency, apathy and broken loyalty. Work slows down, profits shrink, and the talented, discontented worker moves on to greener pastures when the opportunity arises. During a recession threats of job loss breed complacency. After a recession, leaving an organization to find another because of irreconcilable values is the mark of a good leader - a badge of honor. In their article, The Surprising Economics of a People Business, consultants Felix Barber and

by Dianne Crampton

Rainer Streck argue that trained and contributing employees drive the overall performance of a company. As such different systems and strategies require different performance measures and management practices. These practices involve trust.As such, trust in self, coworkers and leaders are essential if not mandatory for a group to excel. Trust also has a dynamic impact on group problem solving. For example, group problem solving tends to break down in low trust environments and becomes creative and productive in high trust environments. That is why it is so important for leaders to purge fear-based, top down practices from the team dynamic. The rub comes in the shift between Industrial and Information era technologies. The first exposes the employee to narrowly defined tasks and expectations. There are dues to pay because tenured employees or a chain of command dynamic rules advancement and contribution. The Information age dynamic, on the other hand, embraces emotionally intelligent leadership dynamics, the ability to system think, creatively problem solve, measure results and nurture group process. This is on the people side. On the work side, accomplishing quality work, refining processes and operating lean makes payroll. A talented new hire with a solid skill set is hard to retain if a pecking order or tenure process gets in the way of learning and contri-

bution. The work and people balance becomes a high wire act because job satisfaction requires balance between getting good work done and the psychological satisfaction of people doing the work. In the Information age, requiring a new employee to wait his turn for advancement without providing training and a clearly defined horizontal job development path damages morale and is counter-productive. Therefore, some examples of high trust environments are: • Leaders and team members trust one another and freely exchange information. •  Leaders and team members respectfully express differences of opinion and discuss disappointments without fear of repercussion. • Leaders and team members freely explore ideas and share information. • Leaders and team members experience high levels of give-and-take, mutual support, respect, and confidence in one another’s ability. Training, mentoring and providing opportunity to serve are anchored in the organizational culture. Some examples of low trust environments are: • Leaders encourage unhealthy competition and scarcity among members. • Leaders fear empowerment because of job security. • Leaders and team members sabotage or shun people they do not like in order to minipulate them. • Leaders and members falsify documents or lie to cover up mistakes. • All parties to conflict justify the thought; the end justifies the means. In a nutshell, trust is very expensive if not impossible to buy in today’s workforce and very difficult to salvage if spoiled. People know trust though actions, not words. What people say must line up with what they do for trust to be recognized. When words fail to match actions over time, organizations loose good people or cripple morale and lose dividends. Crampton is the founder and president of TIGERS Success Series, Inc., a trademarked team culture process that stands for Trust, Interdependence, Genuineness, Empathy, Risk and Success. In her many years of comprehensive research, Crampton discovered that these six values are necessary for building ethical, quality-focused, productive, motivated and enthusiastic groups of people.

Powered by people.

Stantec’s goal is to recruit, motivate, and develop our employees with diverse ranges of talents and perspectives to ensure that we have the breadth of The key to our success is our people. viewpoints, experiences, and intellectual skills needed People, passion, and progress have made our Company to succeed across our global environment.

Stantec is an Equal Opportunity Employer dedicated to Affirmative Action, Workforce Diversity, and the principles of Employment Equity. If you are an individual with a disability and require accommodation is an Equal Opportunity Employer to complete anyStantec part of the application process, you may contact dedicated our Helpline at 1-855-917-7440 or email to Affirmative Action and Workforce Diversity

One Team. Infinite Opportunities.

orientation, religion, belief, education, physical ability, personality, experiences and even our diverse approaches to work. Stantec strives to attract leaders for today and tomorrow. If you are seeking an opportunity with a dynamic, growing company, we invite you to review our career opportunities online at:

Powered by people. The key to our success is our people.

Stantec has been recognized as a top People, passion, and progress have made our Company 50what global design and firm. it is today, and create the consulting foundation for what it will be tomorrow. We are a strong, dynamic, growing company with virtually infinite career opportunities. V1


what it is today, and create the foundation for what it will be tomorrow. We are a strong, dynamic, growingDiversity expresses itself in so many different ways. company with virtually infinite career opportunities. Some examples include gender, race, culture, sexual

Stantec is an Equal Opportunity Employer dedicated to Affirmative Action, Workforce Diversity, and the principles of Employment Equity.

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equal opportunity employment journal

Six Reasons Why Every Business Presentation Needs Visuals


Sysco’s vision is to be our customer’s most valued and trusted business partner.

At Sysco, our mission is to market and deliver great products to our customers with exceptional service. At Sysco, we promote diversity at every level within our organization and believe that employing the very best talent from all groups within the communities in which we live and do business enables us to better serve our customers. Sysco is a place of unlimited opportunity where all associates can make a difference.

:: Sysco Central Pennsylvania, LLC • 3905 Corey Road • Harrisburg, PA 17109 ::

Foods Corporation to provide equal opportunity through affirmative action in employment and educational programs and activities. Discrimination is prohibited on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, citizenship, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, and special disabled veteran, other eligible veteran or Vietnam era veteran status.

by Virginia Drayer

you have ever had to sit through a bad business presentation, then you likely already know some of the things to avoid when it is your turn to present. Lethargic narration, slides with too much text, or slides with too many pictures can all ruin an otherwise decent presentation. One of the most difficult aspects of creating a business presentation, many people find, is creating and using effective images in a way that will hold the viewers’ attention without overwhelming them. However, visual aids are vital to the success of any presentation. Let’s take a look at six of the most important reasons to use images in your PowerPoint or Keynote presentation.

Visit for more information about us or email resumes to EOE.

It is the policy of Seneca

May 2014

Seneca Foods recognizes that it is our employees who have contributed to our success as a world leader in agribusiness. As an employee of Seneca Foods, your contribution to that success is rewarded by many opportunities to grow and develop. Seneca seeks a workforce that is diverse and desires to hire or promote the individual best qualified for the position. For more information on a career with Seneca, visit 3736 South Main Street Marion, New York 14505

1. Images Help Simplify Complex Concepts

We already know that graphs and pie charts are often the best way to present data that would be, at best, confusing in a paragraph or list format. However, these are not the only images that can help simplify a concept. For example, imagine that an engineer in the automotive industry is attempting to gain investors for research into a new type of technology. Knowing that all of the investors present may not be completely familiar with automotive jargon, he might include photographs of parts, simple electric schematics, or 3D images of what the new technology may look like in addition to charts that demonstrate the financial aspects of his presentation. Since your images are intended to simplify concepts, sticking with simple images is essential. While your audience may not remember everything that you said, they will remember a simple and powerful image long after the presentation is over. If you need to make sure that they understand a concept, you can pass out handouts that your audience can peruse later.

2. Images Give Your Audience Something to Look at

While you, the narrator, should be the main focus of the presentation, nobody wants to sit and look at you for an hour or more while you talk. Leaving out images, or failing to include enough images, can create a sleepy atmosphere that your audience will be glad to leave at the end of your presentation. While a little bit of text is useful and sometimes necessary, text without images often adds to the boredom factor. On the other hand, you don’t want to use too many images on one slide. Too many images will draw the focus away from you and what you are saying, and leave your audience distracted or overwhelmed. Each slide is most effectively used when it includes one central image, possibly with a sentence below or a brief list to the side. Your slides should aid your narration, rather than dominate it.

3. Images Create a Feeling of Unity

A well-designed business presentation flows smoothly

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equal opportunity employment journal

from slide to slide. When your audience can see that you can keep both your narration and your images focused and unified throughout a presentation, they will feel more comfortable knowing that your company is capable of remaining focused and unified. One of the best ways to accomplish this is to choose a basic color scheme for your presentation and stick with it. The colors that you choose should relate to the feeling that you want your message to convey; bright reds, blues, and greens will add to an upbeat and energetic presentation, while dark colors will appear somber and pastels soothing. Consider, also, the effect that colors may have on emotion, and try to keep the color scheme in harmony with the emotions that you wish to bring out in your audience. A presentation based on red may bring to mind anger or fear, while blues, yellows, and greens can evoke relaxation or happiness.

4. Images Can Show Your Professionalism

It cannot be stressed enough that the focus of your presentation needs to be on what you are saying. Most professional presentations convey the majority of data through narration; the images simply back up or further demonstrate the data. Using images that are both powerful and relevant to the point you are trying to convey is the best way to show that you are a professional and you understand what you are talking about. We have all seen a PowerPoint presentation before, and if your presentation is clearly a PowerPoint your audience may feel that you decided to go cheap. Consider using a program other than PowerPoint, such as Vuvox, Prezi, or Dipity. PowerPoint can be used effectively, but try to veer away from typical PowerPoint format if you must use this program. If you are presenting to a small audience in a close room, you may even want to go retro with a poster board presentation. Your audience may be impressed that you were daring enough to do it offline.

5. Images Can Display Your Out-of-the-Box Thinking

Innovation is everything in most businesses today. To effectively compete in almost every industry, a company has to be able to come up with new and different ways of thinking, and the visual aids that you choose to use in your presentation can show your audience that you have that kind of thinking without your having to say it. Starting a presentation with a brief video may be one way to do this; using real-life demonstrations when possible

Page 17

may also get your viewers thinking from a different perspective. Above all, avoid cliché images and cheesy clip-art.

6. Images May Show that You Can Still Be Practical

You must consider the practical aspects of your presentation when you start putting it together. For example, too-similar colors on graphs or pie charts can be hard to differentiate from one another. Unnecessary animation can create useless confusion. Pictures and fonts that are too small may be difficult to see from the back of the room. If possible, practicing your presentation in the room where it is to take place in front of two or three colleagues can help you iron out some of the practical glitches of your presentation. Creating a successful business presentation can be stressful if there is a lot hinging on your performance, so it is essential that you do not procrastinate. Know your material before you have to present it, and get a good night’s sleep before the presentation so you do not look exhausted, overwhelmed, or harried. The emotion that you portray will be the emotion that you feed to your audience, so you want to make sure it is a positive one. Keeping these tips in mind both while creating your presentation and while presenting it will ensure that your audience will walk away feeling positive about your company and willing to consider your proposal. Article by

Using images that are relevant to the point you are trying to convey is the best way to show that you are a professional and you understand what you are talking about.

RRM Design Group is an award-winning design firm of architects, civil engineers, landscape architects, planners, surveyors, and LEED® accredited professionals. If you would like to apply for possible future opportunities with RRM Design Group, please visit: 3765 South Higuera Street, Suite 102 San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 RRM Design Group is an Equal Opportunity Employer

AE Business Solutions is a Midwest based privately held IT consulting and Systems Integration Company that has been providing information technology and business solutions to organizations throughout Wisconsin and the Midwest for over 50 years. AE Business Solutions hires only the best and the brightest people - people who are hard-working and dedicated to excellence.

Hagemeyer North America Hagemeyer is an equal opportunity employer, M/F/Disability/Veteran VEVRAA Federal Contractor

Hagemeyer North America, is a subsidiary of Sonepar USA, a member of the global Sonepar family. Headquartered in Charleston, South Carolina, Hagemeyer North America is a distributor of products and services focusing on business-to-business markets in electrical materials, safety products, and industrial products. Hagemeyer North America offers exciting career opportunities for outgoing, ambitious, and energetic associates. If you are ready to build an exciting career with a global organization that is a leader in our industry, then you will want to join our team. For more information visit us online at

To explore any of our current opportunities online, please email our recruiting department at, or send your resume and salary history to: Technical Recruiting - AE Business Solutions 2310 Crossroads, Suite 2800, Madison, WI 53718 • EOE Boardwalk Pipeline Partners, LP has built its success by attracting and retaining the best people who: •build trust •foster teamwork •focus on customers •drive for results •manage change A complete listing of current job openings at Boardwalk Pipeline Partners, LP can be found by clicking on career opportunities on our website at: We are proud to be an EEO/AA employer M/F/D/V. We maintain a drugfree workplace and perform pre-employment substance abuse testing. 9 GREENWAY PLAZA • SUITE 2800 • HOUSTON, TX 77046

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May 2014

Great Employee Qualities: Do You Have Them? by Long Yun Siang

Are great employee qualities fast disappearing in the workforce? If it is, then you should quickly see if you can adapt some of these and make yourself competitive. Some great employee qualities include: NECC is comprised of dedicated individuals who serve in a number of different capacities. We offer competitive salaries, outstanding benefits and a career development program second to none. NECC employs more than 800 professionals, and we believe that workplace diversity is a valuable asset. Our firm commitment to diversity stems from our belief in the benefits of incorporating different backgrounds, perspectives, cultures, and life situations within our organization.

View our latest job postings on our website at: We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

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1. Managing Yourself

Manage yourself by knowing your roles and responsibilities in your company. In addition, learn knowing what it takes to go a step beyond what your current role entails. Know what your boss might percieve as to why you would have competitive advantage over your coworkers boss. How do you improve yourself? What can you do to make yourself more visible? Do you know your key strengths you can play up? Weaknesses you should seek to lessen via training or even self learning? Asking yourself these question will help.

2. Managing Your Boss

Perhaps one of the more important great employee qualities is being able to manage your boss. That does not mean to suck up to him. It means knowing his likes and dislikes, and how he works. For example, does he like to be updated via email which means he is perhaps a very visual based person versus being updated verbally which means he is perhaps more auditory?. Learn how to break bad news to him, prepare him for meetings and the unexpected. You will soon become a key competitive advantage in his team.

Cuyahoga Community College (Tri-C) is proud to be Ohio’s first and largest community college. Each year more than 55,000 credit and non-credit students take courses at our four traditional campuses, two Corporate College locations, 50+ off-campus sites and via television and the Internet. Offering more than 1,000 credit courses in more than 140 career and technical programs and liberal arts curricula, we are a highly respected academic institution and have earned distinction as one of the Board Member Colleges for the League for Innovation in the Community College. We offer a competitive salary and comprehensive benefits package. For information regarding all available opportunities and how to apply, visit the College web site at

Employment and academic discrimination against any individual on the basis of age, color, disability, military status, national origin, race, religion, sex, veteran status and genetic information is prohibited. Any employee, student or other person who wishes to report discrimination or harassment based on any of the aforementioned protected classes, should contact the Tri-C’s Office of Diversity & Inclusion at: Cuyahoga Community College, 700 Carnegie Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115, 216-987-4772.

w w w. eoejournal. com

Our mission is to provide high quality, accessible and affordable educational opportunities and services.

Hagerstown Community College 11400 Robinwood Drive • Hagerstown, MD 21742

Hagerstown Community College is committed to the recruitment, selection, hiring and retention of a diverse workforce. To view and apply online visit: HCC does not discriminate against any individual on the basis of race, sex, color, religion, national or ethnic origin, age, sexual orientation, or conditions of disability in the admission and treatment of students, educational programs and activities, scholarship and loan programs, hiring of faculty and staff, or any term and conditions of employment. The College is a committed equal opportunity employer.

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

million other excuses and reasons why things won’t work? Do you catch yourself making the same mistake? Have a “Can Do” attitude. Even if you are in the Have the courage and patience to work things out and figure things lower rung, make sure you out even if it sounds very challenging. Bosses trust people who have a “Can Do” attitude in approaching work. have a managerial attitude. This is one of the important 8. Strive For Excellence In everything you do, strive to be the best you can be. Take the initiagreat employee qualities. Behave like a manager and tive to ensure that things are going right and make sure that the details see to it that things are done are tied down. Spend time doing what everyone else takes for granted. the way they are supposed 9. Enjoy Work to be done. Manage expecPeter Drucker, the management guru said, “Those who perform love tations of everyone in the what they are doing.” Even if it means a routine work, as they know team from the boss to col- each step and each detail builds on another and helps achieve the comleagues and peers within the pany objective. A boss can feel whether employees enjoy their work department. Stick to time or otherwise. Someone who enjoys their work will naturally bring lines; follow up with next their best to work. steps after every meeting, have progress reports ready 10. Contribute Positively A great employee takes personal responsibility for everything they even if they are informal do. To be a great employee you must contribute positively to the orgaones like an email. nization. Take initiatives, give suggestions, or even be the silent hero 4. Managing who solves challenges quietly, that is how a great employee works. Your Time They work to help achieve greater goals for the organization. Prioritize your work and manage your time well. 11. Work Relationships Being nice to people and have great working relationships across Know when to do what. Do not procrastinate on departments and ranks is one of the important great employee qualities. work especially when they It means you can get a lot more cooperation and strong network to help involve cross department you get your work done. Hence, making your boss look good in the participation. Your delay eyes of management. Your boss will have less people problems too. Do you have these great employee qualities? Perhaps you already will affect other people’s have them and what you need is a plan to bring them to be noticed. If work. Great employees you don’t, start to see which of these qualities you can adopt and start know how to manage their on first. It will help you move up the corporate ladder a little easier. time well and even manage Long Yun Siang or Long, as he is popularly known runs http://career-success-for-newbies. their boss’s time well.

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3. Managerial Attitude

5. W  ork To Get Results

com with his wife Dorena as their way of paying it forward. Their website – based on their real life experience - provides tips, tools and advise for newbies pursuing career success.

Work with objectives in mind. What is the overall objective of the project? Work towards the aim that everyone who is involved in a project big or small has a role. Everyone must contribute towards that goal. You must learn to get results and expect high performance of yourself. Do not just do enough to get by. This is one of the most important “great employee qualities”.

Even if you are in the lower rung, make sure you have a managerial attitude. This is one of the important great employee qualities.

Professional, Administrative & Faculty Job Openings! 902 College Avenue • Brenham TX 77833 Visit our website and employment links at or For Human Resources questions call 979-830-4128. Blinn College is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Plan Employer

6. Outdo Yourself

Great employees have the stamina to do outstanding work. They set the pace for others to follow. If you want to be great at what you do and be appreciated by the boss, look for ways to outdo yourself. Be the best that you can be. Even if perfection is elusive, go out and get it. Even if you fall short of perfection, your near perfect would have pushed you further than you would have thought possible.

7. Can Do

Have a “Can Do” attitude. Ever worked with someone who is always so negative, that everything is impossible, nothing is easy, things are too troublesome and a

Our mission is to fulfill the educational needs of all children while recognizing the individuality of each child. *************** 2374 Shermer Road Northbrook, IL 60062 Equal Opportunity Employer

Learn more about us or for current career opportunities, please visit our website at:

Your Career is Our Business! Johnston Community College provides accessible, high-quality educational and community enrichment opportunities for the successful development of learners. 245 College Road • Smithfield, NC 27577 For more information visit our website at

Johnston Community College is an Affirmative Action/ Equal Opportunity Employer

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equal opportunity employment journal

he quality of communication is critical to the success of a business. Without the ability to communicate effectively, the employees will hate the CEO and the customers will hate the business. In addition, all operation will be ineffective and inefficient. This will slow the whole company down and sales will falter. The ability to communicate must not be limited to verbally talking. In today’s world of high technology there is a definite need for the ability to communicate through the written word as well. E-mail, memos, notes, newsletters and so forth are all ways through which written communication is used within a company. The ability to communicate effectively also

May 2014

ImproveYour Business Communication Skills

greatly affects the impression that the press will give to the public about your company in the future. There are many different tips and ways you can improve your ability to communicate so that you can relay information more effectively to bosses, employees, and the public. Try to work on a few at a time and when you feel like you have a handle on those, choose a few more to work on. The first thing you should consciously think about doing is writing the way that you speak. People are used to everyday types of communication. It is important that you communicate with people in a way that they understand. The way in which people are used to communi-

Keystone Job Corps Center, a residential training/education facility run by the Department of Labor’s job corps program, offers a high school diploma program, a GED program and co-enrollment opportunities. Our campus is located in Drums, Pennsylvania on the edge of the Poconos in Northeastern Pennsylvania. The Center offers residential options in career skills, academic and vocational training for young adults from 16-24 years old. We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, race and ethnicity, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

We are committed to Equal Opportunity within all aspects of the employment process. More information can be found on the website

The Agricultural Division of Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, L.L.C. is located in Des Moines, Iowa, stands on almost 120 acres and has 1500 employees. Our company offers a competitive benefits package and many development opportunities for our teammates, including an on-site college program, leadership training and technical training. To view current openings or to apply online visit or fax your resume to 515-235-4079. Bridgestone Americas Tire Operations, L.L.C. Agricultural Division 4600 N.W. 2nd Avenue | Des Moines, IA 50313 | EOE

1000 North Park Drive • Roxboro, NC 27573

As the worlds leading manufacturer and marketer of tissue, packaging, paper, pulp, building products and related chemicals, we create value for our customers and our company by recruiting the best talent. We invite you to take a look at the careers we have available online at We are an equal opportunity employer. M/F/D/V

A leader in the office furniture industry. Nationwide career opportunities. See our career opportunities at and listed with state workforce training and development centers. As Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employers, the operating companies of HNI Corporation support the advancement of all people based on their qualifications and experience without regard to race, color, creed,religion, gender, age, national origin, marital status,veteran status, citizenship status, disability, sexual orientation, genetic information or any other status protected by law.

by Jack Landry

cating is through speaking, so it is important to write the way that you speak so that people understand what you are saying. Another thing you should constantly be thinking about is communicating in a positive and effective manner. When you use negative or offensive words people automatically put of barriers and become defensive. This does not build strong relationships and once this occurs it can be difficult to overcome. However, when you speak positively strong relationships can be built and people will become more motivated to achieve and to accomplish great things. When they feel supported, they will look for new ways that they can contribute to the company. As customers feel appreciated and like their concerns are being taken care of, they will respond positively by coming back to the store. In addition, they will help spread a positive reputation about your store. The overall impact on your company will be increased customers, increased production, and increased success.

“You should constantly be thinking about communicating in a positive and effective manner.” Another rule of communicating in the business world is that you should never send any kind of note to any employee or client when you are angry. This will only lead to negative consequences. Even if you are not angry at the person you are communicating with, your tense feelings will show through. Again, the person you are talking to will become defensive and put up walls. Avoid this by doing something to help yourself calm down. When you are no longer angry or frustrated, feel free to communicate as needed. The fourth thing you should always think about when you are going to pick up the phone to talk to someone is that they are going to ask questions. Try to prepare ahead of time for what kind of questions they will ask. It is a good policy to never be caught off guard by a question. If you do not know the answer politely say that you will look up the answer for them, take their phone number and say that you will get back to them quickly. The key about this method is that you must then find out the answer as soon as you can and call them back as soon as you can. Otherwise, the other person will think you are flaky and perhaps not very concerned about your employees or customers. It is also very easy to use acronyms or technical language once you get into a specific niche of the business world. However, most entry level employees and customers will not know what these things mean. If you use them too often without explaining what they mean, these people will think that you are stuck up and that you do not understand where they are coming from. To avoid these feelings, always assume that the people you are talking to do not know these terms. However, do not talk to them like a little kid because they are not. If you do talk to them like a little kid, they will still think you are stuck up. Jack R. Landry has worked in the field of business management for 20 years. He recommends using web based CRM for sales management software.

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Page 21

President Obama Announces New Public-Private Manufacturing Innovation Institute In January, President Obama will announce the selection of North Carolina State University to lead the Energy Department’s manufacturing innovation institute for next generation power electronics. Check out more in a new animated video and blog post from Secretary Moniz and factsheet that highlight the importance of this new technology on our clean energy future. The President today will announce new steps with the private sector to strengthen the manufacturing sector, boost advanced manufacturing, and attract the good paying jobs that a growing middle class requires. The President will announce the selection of a North Carolina head-

quartered consortium of businesses and universities, led by North Carolina State University, to lead a manufacturing innovation institute for next generation power electronics. President Obama has declared 2014 a year of action, and while he will continue to work with Congress on new measures to create jobs and grow the economy, he will also use his executive authority to get things done. After shedding jobs for a decade, our manufacturers have added 568,000 over the past nearly four years, including 80,000 over the past five months. Manufacturing production has grown since the end of the recession at its fastest pace in over a decade.


Armacell is a manufacturer of engineered

foams and the world leader in the market for flexible technical insulation materials. Learn more about us online at:

7600 Oakwood Street Extension • Mebane, NC 27302 Armacell is an equal opportunity employer committed to providing diversity among all levels of employees and offering and environment of opportunity and acceptance throughout our organization.

We are the leader in tools and security. We are Stanley Tools. We are DEWALT. We are Mac Tools. We are Porter-Cable. And we are much more. We are the doors that protect you at airports. We are the lock and deadbolt on your front door. We are the hydraulic breakers that rescue trapped earthquake survivors. We are the people on the phone in an emergency. Joining the Stanley Black & Decker team means joining one of the world’s largest, fastest-growing, and most dynamic companies. If you’d like to be a part of this team and make a difference in the lives of our customers, visit us online: for current openings and application procedures. We are an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer (AA/EOE) and encourage applications from women, veterans and minorities. 12827 VALLEY BRANCH LANE • DALLAS, TX 75234

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equal opportunity employment journal

The new manufacturing innovation institute announced in North Carolina is focused on enabling the next generation of energy-efficient, high-power electronic chips and devices by making wide bandgap semiconductor technologies cost-competitive with current silicon-based power electronics in the next five years.

The President is committed to building on that progress. In last year’s State of the Union address, the President proposed a series of three new manufacturing institutes that the Administration can create using existing resources - this is the first of those institutes. In May, President Obama launched a competition for these three new manufacturing innovation institutes with a Federal commitment of $200 million across five Federal agencies – Defense, Energy, Commerce, NASA, and the National Science Foundation, building off the success of a pilot institute headquartered in Youngstown, Ohio. The additional two institutes led by the Department of Defense – focused on Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation and Lightweight and Modern Metals Manufacturing – are still in the selection process and will be awarded in the coming weeks. Each institute is designed to serve as a regional hub designed to bridge the gap

People are our strength and most valuable asset. We attract highly capable, diverse, innovative people and recognize their efforts and contributions to the company. We ensure a pleasant and safe work environment with trust, respect and equal opportunity. Reeves Construction Company offers competitive salaries and provides a wide range of benefits. Learn more about us at:

Reeves Construction Co. 101 Sheraton Court Macon, GA 31210

May 2014

between applied research and product development, bringing together companies, universities and other academic and training institutions, and Federal agencies to co-invest in technology areas that encourage investment and production in the U.S. This type of “teaching factory” provides a unique opportunity for education and training of students and workers at all levels, while providing the shared assets to help companies, most importantly small manufacturers, access the cutting-edge capabilities and equipment to design, test, and pilot new products and manufacturing processes. The new manufacturing innovation institute announced in North Carolina is focused on enabling the next generation of energy-efficient, high-power electronic chips and devices by making wide bandgap semiconductor technologies cost-competitive with current silicon-based power electronics in the next five years. These improvements will make power electronic devices like motors, consumer electronics, and devices that support our power grid faster, smaller, and more efficient. The winning team, led by North Carolina State University, brings together a consortium of leading companies that included some of the world’s leading wide band gap semiconductor manufacturers, leading materials providers, and critical end-users like John Deere and Delphi with universities on the cutting edge of technology development and research, all in a vibrant and entrepreneurial region that can serve as the foundation for ongoing U.S leadership in this important technology. The Department of Energy is awarding $70 million over five years, matched by at least $70 million in non-federal commitments by the winning team of businesses and universities, along with the state of North Carolina. The announcement is another step forward toward fulfilling the President’s vision for a full national network of up to 45 manufacturing innovation institutes, which will also require legislation from Congress. In July 2013, Senators Brown (D-OH) and Blunt (R-MO) and Congressmen Reed (R-NY) and Kennedy (D-MA) co-sponsored bipartisan legislation in both the Senate and House that would create a network for manufacturing innovation led by the Department of Commerce

A Division of Reeves Construction

Minorities & women are encouraged to apply. EO/AA Employer

Reeves Construction Company policies, programs and benefits are administered in a non-discriminatory manner without regard to race, age, color, religion, national origin, sex, marital status, disability, pregnancy or veteran status.

Together, we can leverage diverse talents to further innovative ideas. As the global leader in motion and control technologies, Parker recognizes the importance of a diverse and inclusive culture where all employees are respected for their contributions.

Mercury Medical has a strong commitment to equal opportunity. By hiring, compensating, training, promoting and in all ways providing fair treatment to employees on the basis of merit, the effectiveness of Mercury Medical’s operations can be maintained while enhancing the economic progress of individuals. To learn more about us, please visit:

Our 58,000 empowered employees from around the world are encouraged to work together to create solutions that improve our customers’ productivity and profitability. We believe innovation thrives when different perspectives and backgrounds are used to push the bounds of our creativity. 11300 49th Street North • Clearwater, FL 33762-4800 Direct all employment inquiries to HR Department #800-237-6418 or by email to

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

consistent with the President’s vision, helping the United States to take advantage of this unique opportunity to accelerate growth and innovation in domestic production and create the foundation for well-paying jobs that strengthen the middle class. The President will continue to support this bipartisan legislation and will work with Congress to get it passed, and will continue to make progress where he can through existing authority to boost these partnerships that are key to supporting high-quality manufacturing jobs.

Additional Background on the Next Generation Power Electronics Innovation Institute

Page 23

size of a power station to the size of a suitcase. By supporting the foundation for a strong wide bandgap semiconductor manufacturing base, the United States can lead in some of the world’s largest and fastest growing markets from consumer appliances and industrial-scale equipment to telecommunications and clean energy technologies – creating the well-paying jobs that support a growing middle class. The winning consortium, led by North Carolina State University and headquartered in Raleigh, North Carolina, includes the State of North Carolina and: 18 Companies: ABB, APEI, Avogy, Cree, Delphi, Delta Products, DfR Solutions, Gridbridge, Hesse Mechantronics, II-VI, IQE, John Deere, Monolith Semiconductor, RF Micro Devices, Toshiba International, Transphorm, USCi, Vacon 7 Universities and Labs: North Carolina State [Lead], Arizona State University, Florida State University, University of California at Santa Barbara, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory

The Next Generation Power Electronics Institute will provide the innovation infrastructure needed to support new product and process technologies, education, and training to become a global center of excellence for the development of wide bandgap semiconductor devices and industry-relevant processes. The DOEsupported manufacturing innovation institute’s headquarters will be located on North Carolina State University’s Centennial Campus. The university will also host some of the institute’s shared research and development facilities and Background on testing equipment, as well as workforce devel- Dod-Led Manufacturing Innovation Institutes opment and education programs. In the last century, silicon semiconductors Competitions continue for the two Department transformed computing, communication and of Defense led manufacturing innovation instienergy industries, giving consumers and busi- tutes, which will be selected and awarded in nesses more and more powerful devices that the coming weeks. Those institutes will focus were once unimaginable. Today, as we reach the on technologies critical to the Department’s limits of silicon-based electronics for some crit- needs that also have broad commercial applicaical applications, WBG semiconductors offer a tions across different manufacturing industries new opportunity to jumpstart the next generation that will help to drive U.S. leadership in the of smaller, faster, cheaper and more efficient technologies and skills needed to encourage power electronics for personal devices, elec- job-creating investment in the U.S. tric vehicles, renewable The two institutes are: power interconnection, Digital Manufacturing In the last century, industrial-scale variable and Design Innovation: silicon semiconductors speed drive motors and Advanced design and a smarter, more flexible manufacturing tools that transformed grid. are digitally integrated and The institute will pro- computing, communication networked with supply vide shared facilities, chains can lead to ‘factoand energy industries, equipment, and testing ries of the future’ formand modeling capabiliing an agile U.S. industrial giving consumers and ties to companies across base with significant speed the power electronics businesses more and more to market advantage. A supply chain, particinstitute focuspowerful devices that were national ularly small and mediing on the development of um-size manufacturers, novel model-based design once unimaginable. to help invent, design methodologies, virtual and manufacture new semiconductor chips and manufacturing tools, and sensor and robotics devices. The institute will also pair chip design- based manufacturing networks will accelerate ers and manufacturers with large power elec- the innovation in digital manufacturing increastronic manufacturers and suppliers, such as John ing U.S. competitiveness. Deere and Delphi, to bring these technologies Lightweight and Modern Metals to market faster and will offer training, higher Manufacturing: Advanced lightweight meteducation programs and hands-on internships als possess mechanical and electrical properthat give American workers the skills for new ties comparable to traditional materials while job opportunities and meet the needs of this enabling much lighter components and prodemerging and globally competitive industry. ucts. A national institute will make the U.S. Compared to silicon-based technologies, wide more competitive by scaling-up research to bandgap semiconductors can operate at high- accelerate market expansion for products such er temperatures and have greater durability as wind turbines, medical devices, engines, and reliability at higher voltages and frequen- armored combat vehicles, and airframes, and cies – ultimately achieving unprecedented per- lead to significant reductions in manufacturing formance while using less electricity. These and energy costs. technologies can reduce the size of consumer Article provided by electronics like laptop adapters by 80% or the

Schlumberger is the leading oilfield services provider, trusted to deliver superior results and improved E&P performance for oil and gas companies around the world. One of our greatest strengths is the diversity of our workforce, with men and women of many nationalities and backgrounds working together and sharing common objectives. Schlumberger does not have a ‘nationality’ that describes its culture, but operates in a truly global fashion throughout the world. As a company, we encourage fair employment practices worldwide and offer equal opportunities to all our employees. We’re looking for men and women to join our global family in this effort. If you’re ambitious, innovative, and hard working, a Schlumberger career may be for you. Learn more about us at:

Success without boundaries

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

How Can We Get More Women in Technology Jobs? by Skylar James


ith the rise of social media and the Internet today, it is no surprise that there are thousands of jobs popping up each day around the world related to technology, programming, and even design. Getting more women into tech-related jobs is becoming increasingly important in today’s world that revolves around websites and mobile apps. We need to foster an environment in which more women will become involved in technology and programming.

1. Create a mentorship

SIFCO Industries is dedicated to meeting the technical needs of the aerospace and power generation industries in the production and machining of turbine and other critical components. We have a variety of career opportunities in our Cleveland and Alliance, Ohio and Orange, California locations, including manufacturing, engineering, sales, customer service, quality, materials management, finance and human resources. SIFCO is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.

970 East 64th Street • Cleveland, OH 44103 For more information and to apply online visit us at:

AT GRANITE OUR PEOPLE ARE THE KEY TO OUR SUCCESS We promote a culture that represents many people with different backgrounds, ideas, and perspectives while remaining deeply committed to our Core Values. We invite you to learn more about our workplace and our winning team.

We are an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability status, protected veteran status, or any other characteristic protected by law.

I can speak on this very well. Believe it or not, one of my first jobs was a merchandiser for a major jeans corporation. I had taken over three years’ worth of sewing and needling classes only to find out that I didn’t need sewing skills. The sewing was done in another country. What I needed was computer skills. I needed to learn how to design the jeans using Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, and some other technology applications. I wondered why I was hired because I had no experience in that field. My boss, who I really thought could compete for the role of Miranda in the “Devil Wears Prada,” believed in my desire and passion to work for a fashion company. She brought me in on her team where they all took the time to teach me how to use the tools. Of course, most of the time I spent with her team involved learning the skills, but they were understanding and patient with me. They became my mentorsand because of the skills I learned there, I was able to transfer those skills in technology to designing websites. I am so thankful for that opportunity to see how technology was used in various fields. I believe some women shy away because it seems boring and it seems as men are more skilled in that area. Ladies, do we really want men designing all our clothing?

2. Appealing to women

Making tech-related jobs focused on hiring not just men, but also women is essential in order to get women interested in the type of work that is available. Using more women in advertisements for jobs and ridding the stigma that all programmers and coders are men will help to attract more women to enroll in programs that are right for them. Highlight the areas of interest in technology fields. Women in technology are in fashion, home design, web design, energy, health, and fitness. If you can put a spotlight on those areas, women can see how they are a fit for those jobs. Creating campaigns to market jobs to women in technology fields can also help women feel more involved with the careers and interested in pursuing a position themselves.

3. C  reate communities skewed to a female demographic

Another way to get women involved in more technology jobs is to create online communities and websites dedicated to sharing the perks of being involved in tech-related fields, especially as a woman. Sharing the benefits of working in technology and how it can secure a future will help to boost its popularity, especially for women who are unsure of the type of job or career they are interested in pursuing. Creating graphics and animations that are attractive and

May 2014 skewed towards girls and women of all ages is another way to promote technology-related positions and careers. Using advertisements to show how fun working in a technology job is a way to appeal to women and generate interest in various jobs that they may enjoy.

4. Get a job in a tech-related field

equal opportunity employment journal

Page 25

the work and encourage them to take their own goals a bit further. Be an advocate for girls and women who are interested in making the most out of their lives, but are unsure of the career path that is right for them. Highlighting all of the opportunities from programming and coding to developing applications and design can assist with peaking their interests in the field.

If you are a woman and you are interested in getting more women 6. Rid stereotypes There have been many stereotypes actively involved in tech work, there that have been perpetuated over is no greater power of influence than showing others by how you live the years about how men are engineers, programmers and scientists. your own life. Being Ridding the stereoinvolved in your work Highlighting all of the types and stigmas and sharing your disopportunities from in today’s society is coveries along the programming and a key factor in getway to other women ting more girls and and women may help coding to developing them to become more applications and design women interested in interested in working can assist with peaking pursuing additional careers and outlets in in tech-related jobs women’s interests technology and sciin their own future. in the field. ence. Removing all Having a job in a stigmas of men versus women in the tech-related field is a great way to workplace is ultimately the first step influence other women and women to changing the way women view to pursue the same goals. specific positions and jobs, encour5. Share your love aging them to explore a variety of for technology paths before choosing just one to When you already have a position focus on. in the technology field, it is important Skylar Michelle James is a woman who loves to share your enthusiasm with other technology. Currently Skylar is a graduate girls and women in order to promote student in the Boston Massachusetts area.

Being involved in your work and sharing your discoveries with others along the way may help other women become more interested in working in tech-related jobs in their own future.

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

SELF-KNOWLEDGE: The Key To Finding The Right Career Direction

our career, like any journey, has a beginning, an end and a direction. For many people, the present direction of the career is probably not a result of entirely their own choices. If, for some reason, you are not happy with the direction of your career, there is a way out: Take charge of your career and change its direction.

by Atul Mathur

1. Know Yourself

Has it happened with you that after desperately looking for something (e.g., keys) all over the place, you eventually found it right in your pocket or drawer? That’s exactly the case with finding a new career direction. Usually, we try to search for a new career direction by looking all around, for example, at hot jobs, emerging fields, prestigious companies, friend’s career, what’s safe and so on. Ironically, we fail to look for the answer where it actually lies: inside us. The secret of finding the right career direction is not to look outside but to look inside. Know yourself and you will automatically know the right direction for your career.

2. Dig Deeper

Most people define themselves is terms of what they write in their resumes. That’s just the tip of the iceberg. To really know yourself, dig deeper and uncover your:

• • • •

Strengths Personality  Values  Interests 

Your strength is what you do well and enjoy doing it. We never fail to admire strengths in top athletes, painters, writers, leaders but fail to ask “What is my strength?”


Strengths have a solid connection with a person’s career. According to Peter Drucker, a person can only perform from his strength. In other words, mediocrity is guaranteed if we fail to use our strengths. So know your strengths and get into a career that allows you to leverage your strengths to the maximum. Discover your strengths by asking:  What am I good at and also enjoy doing?  What makes me feel energized?  What comes naturally and easily to me? 


Personality is the sum total of a person’s behavioral, temperamental and emotional traits. For example, some people are by nature extrovert and enjoy meeting other people. But some people are born introvert and feel more comfortable when left alone.

Studies show a direct link between a person’s personality and his career. Studies show a direct link between a person’s personality and his career. Indeed, if you are an extrovert person, you would do well in roles such as sales, marketing, public relations. But an introvert person would be better off in roles that do not require public dealing. To know your personality in detail and its implications on your career, appear at personality tests such as Myers Briggs Test Instrument (MBTI). 

To know your values, ask yourself what is important to you, make a list and prioritize the items. You can also use value inventories on the Internet to identify your values.


Should the work be interesting? Yes, for an important reason: If your work arouses your interest, you are going to do well. History shows that great achievers always pursued what fascinated them. Akio Morita shunned the option of VALUES joining the family business of sake brewing to Values are what you consider important and pursue what he was interested in: an electronics valuable. Values differ from person to person start-up. And he created Sony. and can range from things like money, prestige Doing the work that interests you can have a and power to more subtle things like respect, lasting impact on your career. To uncover your harmony and independence.  interests, find out what fascinates you and draws Your values hint towards the kind of work your attention. that will suit you. For example, if you value Knowing your strengths, personality, values “achievement, “you would do well in roles that and interests is like having a compass with its regularly throw challenges at you. Someone needle pointing towards the right direction for else, however, may value “helping others” and, your career. therefore, would do well in occupations that Article provided by provide an opportunity to serve others. 

equal opportunity employment journal

Is A Nursing Career Right for You? Important Things to Consider

Page 27


May 2014


by Beconrad

you love caring for people, you may think that a career as a nurse is a natural fit. That may be true, but there is much more to nursing than treating colds and applying bandages. Becoming a nurse requires a big commitment in terms of time, money and dedication. Understanding the requirements of a nursing career is the best way to make sure this job is really the right choice for you. It is important to know, for instance, that nursing school will involve a lot of science and math. You may not need to be a math whiz or a science expert, but you will need to grasp basic scientific concepts and understand biology, pharmacology and related fields. Learning about chemistry, biology and related fields will help you be a more effective nurse, and it will also help you pass your nursing school exams.   If you are considering a career in nursing, you should also know that nurses often work irregular hours. If you want a job that starts at nine o’clock every Monday morning and ends at five o’clock every Friday, a career in nursing is probably not the right path for you.  Nurses who work in hospital settings are often required to work long hours, including nights, weekends and holidays. Newly graduated nurses often get the worst schedules, so you can expect to spend some Christmases and Thanksgivings at the hospital instead of with your family.  Some nurses work at medical clinics and doctors’ offices, and those settings often have more regular hours. Even so, their nurses often put in long hours and spend lots of time doing paperwork even when the office is closed.  Also keep in mind that nursing jobs with regular hours are often in high demand, especially by experienced nurses who have put in their time at the local hospital. You may find that you have to work your way up to a job with more predictable hours. If you think that a career in health care is something you might enjoy but are not ready to make the leap into nursing, you can explore a number of other options. You might consider a career as a medical assistant or nursing assistant to work your way into the healthcare field. Those two careers will give you a good introduction to the world of healthcare and help you determine if it is the right choice for you.   If you decide that healthcare is a good fit for your skills, aptitude and personality, you can always go to nursing school later on. In the meantime, you will be earning a steady income and getting exposure to the realworld situations you will encounter once you enter the nursing field. Some employers even offer tuition reimbursement to help workers advance their skills. Those tuition payments can really come in handy, since the cost of nursing school is often quite high.   As you can see, there are many ways to get into the world of healthcare, and just as many ways to move up once you are there. Whether you choose nursing school as soon as you graduate or work your way through school with another job, a healthcare career can be very rewarding, both financially and personally. Article provided by

A job that matters at Spartanburg Regional You entered health care to make a difference. Spartanburg Regional, located in Spartanburg, South Carolina, offers a cutting-edge, team environment where you can do just that. Having achieved top honors—including the Magnet designation for nursing excellence—we make it a priority to remain on the forefront of health care. Recognizing that top honors are a result of top professionals, we offer competitive salary and benefit packages, a nationally recognized child development program and more. Areas of availability: • Women’s & Children’s Care • Gibbs Cancer Center & Research Institute • Heart Center • Surgical Care • Emergency Center • Regional Hospice • Home Health For more information or to apply, please call a hospital recruiter at 800-288-7762 or visit


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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

The Role of Recreational Therapists


ecreational therapists plan, direct, and coordinate recreation-based treatment programs for people with disabilities, injuries, or illnesses. Recreational therapists use a variety of modalities, including arts and crafts, drama, music, dance, sports, games, and community reintegration field trips to help maintain or improve a patient’s physical, social, and emotional well-being. Duties

Recreational therapists typically do the following: • Assess patients’ needs through observations, medical records, tests, and talking with other healthcare professionals, patients’ families, and patients • Create treatment plans and programs that meet patients’ needs and interests • Plan and implement interventions to prevent harm to a patient • Engage patients in therapeutic activities, such as games and field trips • Help patients learn the social skills needed to become independent • Teach patients about ways to cope with anxiety or depression • Record and analyze a patient’s progress • Evaluate interventions for effectiveness

A recreational therapist may introduce a therapy dog to a patient who needs help managing a disability or illness.

People come from all over the world

to study here, to practice here, and to be treated here.

Thomas Jefferson University and Thomas Jefferson University Hospitals are committed to excellence in the delivery of patient care, educating the health professionals of tomorrow and discovering new knowledge. As one of the most distinguished medical institutions in the country, our history is filled with outstanding people and accomplishments. Diversity, inclusion and cultural competence are critical components of our mission and we celebrate the uniqueness of each of our employees every day. To learn more about Jefferson visit To apply online visit


Recreational therapists help people reduce depression, stress, and anxiety; recover basic physical and mental abilities; build confidence; and socialize effectively. They help people with disabilities integrate into the community by teaching them how to use community resources and recreational activities. For example, therapists may teach a patient who uses a wheelchair how to use public transportation. Recreational therapists use activities, such as arts and crafts, dance, or sports, to help their patients. For instance, a recreational therapist can help a patient who is paralyzed on one side of their body by teaching them to adapt activities, like casting a fishing rod or playing a video game, to use their functional side. Therapists may also provide interventions to patients who need help developing new social and coping skills. For example, a therapist may introduce a therapy dog to patients who need help managing their depression or anxiety. Therapists may work with physicians or surgeons, registered nurses, psychologists, social workers, physical therapists, teachers, or occupational therapists. Recreational therapists are different from recreation workers, who organize recreational activities primarily for enjoyment.

Work Environment

Recreational therapists work both indoors and outdoors with their patients. Recreational therapists held about 19,800 jobs in 2012. The industries that employed the most recreational therapists in 2012 were as follows: Hospitals; state, local, and private 35% Nursing care facilities (skilled nursing facilities) 22% Government 19% Residential care facilities 10% Ambulatory health care services 6% Recreational therapists work in a variety of settings. Therapists often work in hospitals or nursing and residential care facilities. They also work in places such as substance abuse centers, rehabilitation centers, special education departments, and parks and recreation departments. They may use offices for planning or other administrative activities, such as patient assessment, but may travel when working with patients. Therapists and their patients go to fields and parks for sports and other outdoor activities.

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Page 29

Some therapists may spend a lot of time on their feet actively working with patients. Recreational therapists also may need to physically assist patients or lift heavy objects such as wheelchairs.

Work Schedules

Most recreational therapists work full time, although about 1 in 5 worked part time in 2012. Some recreational therapists work evenings and weekends to meet the needs of their patients.

How to Become a Recreational Therapist

Recreational therapists use a variety of therapies to improve the physical and emotional well-being of their patients. Recreational therapists typically need a bachelor’s degree. Many employers require therapists to be certified by theNational Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC).


Most recreational therapists need a bachelor’s degree in recreational therapy or a related field. Though less common, associate’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees are also available. Recreational therapy programs include courses in assessment, human anatomy, medical and psychiatric terminology, characteristics of illnesses and disabilities, and the use of assistive devices and technology. Bachelor’s degree programs usually include an internship.

Licenses, Certifications, and Registrations

Most employers, particularly those in hospitals and other clinical settings, prefer to hire certified recreational therapists. The National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) offers the Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (CTRS) credential. Certification requires a bachelor’s degree, completion of a supervised internship (normally completed as part of their degree program) of at least 560 hours, and passing an exam. Although therapists typically need at least a bachelor’s degree in recreational therapy, in some cases therapists may qualify for certification with an alternate combination of education, training, and experience. Therapists must also take continuing education classes to maintain certification. NCTRC also offers specialty certification in five areas of practice: behavioral health, community inclusion services, developmental disabilities, geriatrics, and physical medicine/rehabilitation. Therapists may also earn certificates from other organizations to show proficiency in specific therapy techniques, such as aquatic therapy or aromatherapy. As of 2012, only New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Utah required recreational therapists to obtain a license. Requirements vary by state. For specific requirements, contact the state’s medical board.

Recreational therapists help people reduce depression, stress, and anxiety; recover basic physical and mental abilities; build confidence; and socialize effectively.

Important Qualities

Compassion. Recreational therapists should be kind, gentle, and sympathetic when providing support to patients and their families. They may deal with patients who are in pain or under emotional stress. Critical-thinking skills. Recreational therapists should be able to quickly think of adaptations to activities when a patients’ therapy plan requires adjustment. Leadership skills. Recreational therapists must be able to plan, develop, and implement intervention programs in an effective manner. They must motivate patients to participate in a variety of therapeutic activities. Listening skills. Recreational therapists must listen to a patient’s problems and concerns. They can then determine an effective course of treatment or therapy program appropriate for that patient. Patience. Recreational therapists may work with some patients who require more time and special attention than others. Speaking skills. Recreational therapists need to communicate well with their patients. They need to be able to give clear directions during activities or instructions on healthy coping techniques.


The median annual wage for recreational therapists was $42,280 in May 2012. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $26,410, and the top 10 percent earned more than $67,280. In May 2012, the median annual wages for recreational therapists in the top five industries in which they worked were as follows: Government $48,850 Hospitals; state, local, and private $46,160 Ambulatory health care services $39,770

Explore the world of UCLA Health. UCLA Health offers health professionals the widest range of opportunities to practice the kind of care that every patient deserves. For more than half a century, we have provided the best in health and the latest in medical technology to the people of Los Angeles and throughout the world. If you’re interested in being a part of one of the most comprehensive and advanced health systems, consider this opportunity with UCLA Health.

We have a variety of positions available in the following areas: • Allied Health

• Administrative

• Nursing

• Finance

• Support Services

• Managerial/Executive

• IT/Electronic Health Records

To learn more, please contact UCLA Health Recruitment at (866) 895-6690, or apply directly at: EOE

Visit our website at:

Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center

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equal opportunity employment journal

Nursing care facilities (skilled nursing facilities) 36,900 Residential care facilities 36,430 Most recreational therapists work full time, although about 1 in 5 worked part time in 2012. Some recreational therapists work evenings and weekends to meet the needs of their patients.

Job Outlook

Employment of recreational therapists is projected to grow 13 percent from 2012 to 2022, about as fast as the average for all occupations. As the large baby-boom generation ages, they will need recreational therapists to help treat age-related injuries and illnesses. Older persons are more likely to suffer from stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, and mobility-related injuries that require recreational therapy. Continued growth is expected in nursing care facilities, adult daycare programs, and other settings that care for geriatric patients. Therapists will also be needed to help healthy seniors remain active in their communities and maintain their independence later in life. In addition, the number of people with chronic conditions such as diabetes and obesity is growing. Recreational therapists will be needed to help patients maintain their mobility and to teach patients about managing their conditions. Therapists will also be needed to plan and lead programs designed to maintain overall wellness through participation in activities such as camps, day trips, and sports. In addition, third party payers will continue to use therapists’ services as a way to cut costs in patients’ recoveries from injuries or illnesses, moving treatment to outpatient settings.

Job Prospects

Job prospects will be best for recreational therapists with both a bachelor’s degree and certification. Therapists who specialize in working with the elderly or who earn certification in geriatric therapy may have the best job prospects.

Contacts for More Information

For information on careers and recreational therapy, visit American Therapeutic Recreation Association at Article Provded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Hampton VA Medical Center 100 Emancipation Center — Hampton, VA 23667

At Hampton VAMC we consider it a privilege to serve our nation’s heroes by providing quality, compassionate health care. VAMC Hampton, the fourth oldest medical center in the VA system, is a 468-bed facility which serves a 15-county area in eastern Virginia and a 10-county area in northeastern North Carolina.

Come join us in giving back to those who have given so much! We pride ourselves on the quality of care we provide. If you have what it takes, please consider applying for one of our available positions online at •

• Vascular Surgeon • Psychiatrist • General Surgeon • Clinical Pharmacist • Urologist • Chief Geriatrics • Staff Physician • Social Worker • PT/OT • RN/NP We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

May 2014

Which Degree Should I Pursue? Considerations for those considering a master’s or doctoral degree in healthcare administration

Types of Master’s and Doctoral Degrees

First, there are different types of master’s degrees and doctorates. There are MHAs (Master of Health Administration), MBAs (Master of Business Administration), MPAs (Master of Public Administration), and MPHs (Master of Public Health) to identify just the more recognizable “three letter” administrative degrees. Likewise, there are PhDs (Doctor of Philosophy), DBAs (Doctor of Business Administration), DHAs (Doctor of Health Administration), DrPHs (Doctor of Public Health) and ScDs (Doctors of Science) at the more advanced level. These degrees differ in name mainly based on the school or unit of the college or university where the health administration program is located. But, they will differ also in terms of academic content of the curriculum based on differences associated with being in a business school or a school of public health or in another setting. Then there are distinctions among academic programs and degrees based on whether students attend full-time or part-time and whether the learning is delivered in a traditional or non-traditional mode. Traditional learning involves being on campus in face-to-face learning situations, usually in a group such as the class of 2005. Non-traditional learning may involve learning via the Internet and/or a program that requires spending limited time on campus. Non-traditional learning may also be totally individualized or involve working with cohorts as happens with most executive programs.

Individuals’ Characteristics and Motivations in Seeking an Advanced Degree

Finally, there are distinctions in the characteristics and intentions among the individuals contemplating pursuing one of the varieties of healthcare management graduate degrees. Two key factors to take into account are a person’s prior education and professional experience. If one already possesses a bachelor’s degree in health administration, earning a new MHA may leave potential employers with the impression that you are presenting redundant credentials. Perhaps a better investment would be a MBA with a concentration in finance. If one has already established a solid administrative career leading healthcare organizations, perhaps fulfillment will come from adding a limited role teaching at the university level. In that case, a non-research-focused doctorate such as a DHA may be ideal. However, should that same seasoned executive wish to exit practice completely and enter academia, then following a classic research-oriented PhD curriculum would make more sense. Now that those context-setting facets are on the table, here are some subsidiary issues that also come up.

Which Master’s Degree is Best?

The answer depends in part on the individual’s prior education and experience and in part on the unique identity aspects of the graduate program. If one has a bachelor’s degree in business with a major in accounting or finance, odds are the value-added by completing a “generic” versus a “differentiated” MBA (more on generic vs. differentiated in a moment) will be marginal. For such people attending an accredited MHA or MPH program may make more sense. The relevant accreditation to look for is from the Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Management Education (CAHME). CAHME accredits master’s level programs that offer MBAs, MHAs, MPAs, MPHs and other programs that grant a variety of degrees such as the MS (Master of Science) with or without a specialization such as MS Healthcare Administration.

“Generic” and “differentiated” academic programs

Now, what about generic? All degree-granting programs are not regarded as equals in the employment marketplace. Graduates of positively differentiated programs generally receive a more ready and welcome reception from potential employers than do graduates of more generic

May 2014 programs. Factors that distinguish like programs (MBA vs. MBA, MHA vs. MHA) include the prominence of their faculty members and the professional reputation of their graduates. Positively differentiated programs have preeminent faculties who are widely recognized because they publish and consult. Some faculty members are “stars” so widely acknowledged as the leaders of their disciplines that the entire MBA program comes to share their reputation. There are some other subtle but important differentiations among MBA programs for those seeking graduate education in healthcare administration. The totally generic MBA program offers no unique health administration courses. If you enter with an already established track record of success in healthcare, such a program may serve you nicely. Partially differentiated MBA programs offer a concentration in healthcare management (perhaps 20 percent of all courses required for the degree) and so may allow those with no healthcare background to start on a new career. Fully differentiated MBA-based health administration programs offer a concentration in healthcare bolstered by a long history of prominent faculty, successful graduates and loyal alumni. Some of these programs may have only recently become part of their universities’ business schools after an earlier period when they were independent units or were in another academic setting. A handful always belonged to the business school.

Program selection factors

A common set of characteristics can help distinguish among programs offering a master’s in health administration whether the degree is a MBA, MPH or a MHA. Even though you may be considering a half-dozen or more CAHMEaccredited programs, you should try differentiating them. Factors to consider include: 1) who is on the faculty, 2) what they publish, 3) how much they serve or consult with healthcare organizations, 4) and whether there is a large and distinguished alumni body that supports the program by hiring students and graduates for internships and for full-time jobs. Finally, you may want to consider whether a program offers a joint degree option such as an MHA/MBA or an MHA/J.D. Although completing such programs may require longer and cost more, some students will seek the greater career flexibility that completing such programs can offer.

equal opportunity employment journal What Value Will a Doctorate Offer?

Whether it will be worthwhile to earn a doctoral-level credential now or in the future depends on two factors. One is your reasons for seeking the degree and the second is how others regard the degree once you have obtained it. If you feel it is a personal challenge you must overcome, then simply obtaining the degree may be valuable enough for to you to invest the time, money and effort. If you intend to do something with the degree, something not having it bars you from, then it becomes important how others regard your new credential. You must be clear on what it is you want to do and select a program that grants the degree associated with your goal.

Different doctorates for doing different things

Basically there are two types of doctoral degrees. There are degrees more closely identified with scholarly research, such as the Ph.D. and Sc.D.. Then there are degrees more closely associated with administration or service such as the DHA, DBA, some Dr.P.H., and in a neighboring field, the Ed.D. (Doctor of Education). Typically, Ph.D.’s do research, teach and write. If you have a passion to do those things, getting the degree will move you closer to being qualified to do that in a good college or university. Writing is only a first step toward getting published, and that’s where others’ opinions really enter the picture. Peer review is not necessarily something executives are comfortable with, especially not as carried out by serious academics. Research is another challenge. Universities often expect faculty to do research, but may be reluctant to support it unless it is funded by an outside source. Outside sources have their own agendas on topics that they feel are relevant. That fact suggests that unless you have a knack for capturing resources so you can research what you feel is important, you may end up doing that “ivory tower” stuff practicing executives can’t understand, or if they do understand it, which they often deride.

Perceived limitations on the value of doctoral degrees

This state of affairs is often indicative of why there is so often a gap between the town and gown communities (or between academe and practice). And that gap is why having a doctoral degree, especially a Ph.D., can make you less attractive to some employers than when you

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You must be clear on what it is you want to do and select a program that grants the degree associated w/your goal. were purely an administrator with the expected master’s degree. Conventional wisdom tells us that with a doctoral degree after your name others often feel you stop being “one of us” and become “one of them.” That suggests that if you consider getting a doctorate can be a way to use an academic credential to substitute for “time in the trenches” that won’t be a successful strategy. (Getting a doctorate in an applied and technical discipline, however, may be an exception to this conventional wisdom. In fact, admission to such programs often requires “time in the trenches” as an admission requirement!) As for credibility with physicians,

don’t bet on it. You will find yourself explaining “No, not that kind of doctor” so you don’t have to hear a M.D. or D.O. explain for you. Ultimately, the value of the credential will be in the eyes of the degree holder. The doctorate can be a costly ornament or it can be a new kind of “union card.”

Consider Your Career Goals

When you decide which degree to pursue, be sure to keep your personal career goals in mind. Then use the above considerations to help determine which type of program will help you achieve those goals. Excerpted from the websiteof the American College of Healthcare Executives at”

Mercy Medical Center is a general acute care hospital serving the health care needs of the greater Merced Community. Our vision is to help the people of our community become physically, emotionally and spiritually healthy. Wherever you work throughout our system, you will find faces of experience with dedication to high quality, personalized care. Joining our 1,300 employees, 230 physicians and many volunteers, you can help carry out our commitment to providing our community with the excellence they have come to associate with Mercy Medical Center. Learn more about us and our career opportunities online or contact the Human Resources Dept. at 209-564-4340.

333 Mercy Avenue • Merced, CA 95340

We voluntarily support the practice of affirmative action in the recruitment, selection, and advancement of qualified women, minorities, individuals with disabilities, and veterans.

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

How to Land Your First Job as a New Registered Nurse by Rebecca K. Writer


ou just graduated, or you are about to graduate, and while you are worried about the upcoming NCLEX examination, you are also fairly confident that school has prepared you to pass this exam with ease. What has not been as easy is finding a job as a new graduate. Although your local hospital has quite a few listings, only a few of them say “New Graduates Accepted.” Many are speciality nursing positions that require certain experience, and though you have a lot of knowledge, the only experience you have is from clinical hours, and so does everyone else you are graduating with and therefore competing with for the jobs out there. How do you find that first job as a new RN? The single most important thing you can do is network. About 75% of people found their current positions through people that they know. Think about everyone that you currently know, and that means EVERYONE. A great place to start is a social media site. If you do not have an account on a social media site, start an account now, and start friending or following people that you know. Look at this list of acquaintances and friends, and think to yourself “Could they even remotely be of assistance in my job search?” If

the answer is yes, call them if you have their number, or contact via electronic means if you do not. This is not the time to be shy. Start with anybody you know that works in the medical field, and then focus on people that know a lot of people, such as individuals in sales or real estate. Explain to them that you are actively looking for a RN position as a new graduate. Most people like to help others, and networking is the most effective way to get interviews. Working on your resume and continuing to apply for jobs listed on websites and in newspapers is of course also important. Having a professional edit your resume for you is not a bad idea, and this has often been the difference between one person getting an interview over another who does not have a professional resume. Use a professional resume editing service for great results.

Cold-calling companies you might want to work for, as well as dropping off resumes, is another good tactic. Some of the greatest RN jobs are not in the hospital, but in home health, rehab centers, and doctor’s offices. Many times these facilities will not post job vacancies, but instead keep a file of resumes for when they need a position filled. Some of these positions will pay significantly more than a hospital, with better benefits and hours. With persistence and patience, you will land that first job as an RN. Nurses are still in high demand, and needed in all different types of healthcare settings. At the interview, be your best self and remember that a big part of the interview is just seeing if the manager likes you and if they feel like you would fit in with their current employees. Most people can be trained to do anything, so don’t let lack of training or experience intimidate you. Accentuate your positive attributes such as being a team player and a person who is excited to learn new things. You will have that first job before you know it and be missing the laid back days of nursing school! Article provided by


As Oklahoma’s largest and most diverse hospital, OU Medical Center features a winning team of world-class academic and private physicians, nurses and health care specialists; a team that is earning an international reputation for excellence, innovation and positive outcomes; a team of medical professionals capable of treating a full range of patients, from the tiniest premature baby to the most critically ill senior; a team that supports Oklahoma with quality patient care, medical education and research. We offer a variety of opportunities in various fields. For more information about us or application procedure visit:

or contact our recruitment team at 405-271-6035 or 1-866-473-8229

Providing World Class Care and Service to America’s Heroes

Join a patient centered interdisciplinary care team that values healthy home/work life balance, has one of the most advanced electronic medical records reporting systems in the country and offers great benefits, including liability protection. Reno is minutes away from beautiful Lake Tahoe, is a short drive or flight to San Francisco, and abounds with year round recreation, entertainment, arts, and culture – about 260 days of sunshine per year. Nevada has no state income tax! For employment opportunities, including complete job announcements, and online application instructions, please visit our website: VA Sierra Nevada Health Care System

975 Kirman Avenue • Reno, NV 89502 • 775-829-5630 • EOE

An EEO Employer

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

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Healthcare Jobs on The Rise: IT Techs, Home Health Lead Growth


ile unemployment remains high and most businesses struggle to grow, the healthcare industry continues to add jobs and lead the charge in the economic recovery. The fastest growing occupation for college graduates in this challenging economy is a career in health information technology (IT), which ranked first among the top 10 careers listed, according to a study from the University of California San Diego Extension. The federal government’s health IT initiatives seem to play a large role in driving the need forhealthcare IT technicians. They will be necessary to facilitate the transfer of patient records from paper-based systems to electronic health records (EHR). Medical records and health information technicians accounted for roughly 172,500 jobs in 2008, according to research from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). That number is expected to grow by 20% through 2018, adding over 35,000 new jobs. Demand for healthcare IT employees is on the rise, but the BLS predicts home health aides will see the largest growth over the 2008-2018 period, with a projected increase of 50%. The rapidly growing healthcare industry may be a good fit for people looking to change careers or get back into the workforce since most healthcare careers require less than four years of college, according to the BLS. The surprising numbers on healthcare

employment don’t stop there; check out the quick statistics below from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Healthcare by the Numbers

10 of the 20 fastest growing careers are healthcare-related occupations. 3.2 million new wage and salary positions will be generated in the healthcare industry from 2008-2018 — more than any other industry. 22% - The projected increase in wage and salary employment in the healthcare industry through 2018. 11% - The estimated employment growth for all other industries combined over the same period. 22% – The estimated amount of total economic job growth that the healthcare industry will account for through 2018. $89,390 was the average annual wage for medical practice administrators and health services managers in 2010. The numbers may seem unexpected, but it makes sense considering the aging baby boomer population and the government’s recently changed healthcare requirements. The confluence of these factors should lead the healthcare industry to continued growth regardless of economic conditions. Has your practice had to hire more staff to meet demands?

PHMC is an equal opportunity employer. Public Health Management Corporation (PHMC) is a nonprofit public health institute that creates and sustains healthier communities. PHMC uses best practices to improve community health through direct service, partnership, innovation, policy, research, technical assistance and a prepared workforce.

260 South Broad Street, Suite 1800 Philadelphia, PA 19102 For more information on PHMC, go to (EOEJ) (EOEJ)

Discover an Equal Opportunity Employer

offering unequaled career opportunities

Find the opportunity that inspires you. Centura Health is a faith-based, non-profit, fully-integrated health system spanning Colorado and into Western Kansas. Sponsored by Catholic Health Initiatives and the Adventist Health System, our talented associates represent all faiths, backgrounds and experiences, while sharing the belief that we care for our patients, their families and one another as we would want our own loved ones to be treated.

As New Jersey’s largest and busiest medical center, Hackensack University Medical Center offers you unrivaled career paths alongside the industry’s most talented and dedicated professionals. Whether you’re experienced or just starting your career, you’ll be given every opportunity to reach your fullest potential within our dynamic culture of constant learning, growth and advancement. There’s a reason we are:


Centura Health is an Equal Opportunity Employer, M/F/D/V

equal opportunity employment journal Baldwin Filters provides many opportunities for you to further your career. We offer a variety of established career paths in engineering, accounting, marketing, sales, business analysis, human resources, information technology and production. To view a complete listing of open positions at Baldwin Filter, visit online at: 4400 East Highway 30 • Kearney, NE 68847 Baldwin Filters is an EO Employer, M/F/V/D

Technology and engineering from GKN is at the heart of the vehicles and aircraft produced by the world’s leading automotive and aerospace manufacturers. We offer challenging and rewarding roles across multiple disciplines, and opportunities to develop professional technical and leadership career paths. For more information visit: GKN AEROSPACE TRANSPARENCY SYSTEMS 12122 Western Avenue • Garden Grove, CA 92841 • EOE • fax resumes to 714-653-7706

We’re always looking for hard-working, dedicated people to join the Sargent Aerospace & Defense team. As a member of our team, you will find compelling and challenging projects, an expanding list of well-known, respected customers, opportunities for advancement, and our commitment to your personal and professional growth. Visit to view current open positions and application procedures. For more information call 520-744-1000. 5675 WEST BURLINGAME ROAD • TUCSON, AZ 85743 We are an equal opportunity employer / AA

BRYANT-DURHAM offers a full range of electrical construction services in every major field except residential.

5102 Neal Road • Durham, NC 27705 Ph: (800) 849-2526 •

We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to race, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

Bringing the Power of Possibility to People with Special Needs Learn more about us and our current job openings at:

Laura Baker Services Association • 211 Oak Street • Northfield, MN 55057 AN EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER

Employees of Laura Baker Services Association (LBSA) are treated during the hiring process and employment without regard to race, color, religion, creed, gender, national origin, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status.

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May 2014

avCom Defense Electronics, Inc. is a high quality design and manufacturer of altimetry systems, navigation systems and test equipment for the Department of Defense.

9129 STELLAR COURT • CORONA, CA 92883-4924 We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability.

The Washington Parish School System does not discriminate in employment on the basis of race, sex, religion, age, handicap, or national origin.

To learn more about our employment opportunities and application procedures, visit us online at or fax your resume to 985-839-5464.

PO Box 587 | Franklinton, Louisiana 70438 Phone: 985-839-3436

Crawford Central School District is an equal opportunity education institution and will not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex and handicap. Visit to view current openings and application procedures.

11280 Mercer Pike Meadville, PA 16335 Job Line: 814.337.4501 Fax: 814.333.9795

3214 EAST RACE AVENUE SEARCY, AR 72143 We consider applicants for all positions without regard to race, color, religion, creed, gender, national origin, age, disability, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status.

Marten Transport, Ltd., with headquarters in Mondovi, Wisconsin, strives to be the premium supplier of time and temperature-sensitive transportation services to customers nationwide with more than 65 years experience in transportation. Marten serves customers with more demanding delivery deadlines, as well as those who ship products requiring modern temperature controlled trailers to protect goods.

At White County Medical Center, we offer a number of job opportunities in medical, surgical, and specialty clinical fields as well as business and administrative areas. We offer competitive wages and an extensive benefit package. For job opportunities, please visit us online at

At Marten Transport, Ltd. we believe our people are an important asset. We go to great lengths to enable individuals to gain the skills they need to develop to their fullest potential. Learn more about our open positions at: We are an equal opportunity employer. 129 MARTEN STREET • MONDOVI, WI 54755

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Tips to Help You Pick The Perfect Career by Wanda Marie Thibodeaux

specific tasks, bear a given level of responsibility and interact in certain ways or with specific people. Volunteering achieves this as well, but it moves you from being an observer to being an active participant, letting you really get your hands into the work you’re exploring. Many people who shadow or volunteer find that jobs are very different than what the positions seemed like on paper. If you don’t have a lot of time to shadow or volunteer, conduct quick, 15- to 30-minute interviews by phone, video chat or other means.

3. C  onsider how you prefer to work


he career you choose affects just about every area of your life, including your friends, social life and finances. These tips can guide you to one that leaves you secure and satisfied.

1. L ook at what you keep coming back to as hobbies

For most people, hobbies are activities that are rejuvenating and stimulating, that connect to real passions and interests. If you can find work that relates to yours in some way, you’ll likely be very happy when on the clock. That joy can translate to better work relationships, favorable attention to detail, personal project commitment and overall job retention. As an example, if you like video games, you might look into animation, graphic design, computer programming or even writing or voice acting, depending on what area of game development is most intriguing to you.

2. Job shadow or volunteer

Job shadowing involves observing what a person does throughout the course of a normal work day. It gives you some perspective about what it might be like to do

People are not all the same in terms of how they work best. You might feel strangled by a lot of direction or strict schedules, for example, while someone else might need that kind of structure to stay focused. Similarly, you might find that lots of hustle and bustle is stimulating, while another individual might need absolute peace and quiet. Look for careers that put you in the environment that feels natural to you, won’t drain your energy and allow you to think freely.

4. Assess your skills

Most individuals have natural aptitudes in certain areas. You might be great at math, for instance, or maybe you’re really good at categorizing and organizing stuff. A tried and true method is to match these skills to jobs that require them, such as going in to graphic or interior design if you can work well with color or shapes. The problem here, however, is that this approach ignores the fact some skills are learnable. For example, you can learn how to be a better orator. For this reason, don’t automatically dismiss a job you feel you’d love if you aren’t good at a given area. Instead, ask yourself what you can do to get better and then make a game plan to reach the level required.

5. Identify your financial goals

Pay levels for different careers can vary

drastically. If you just want to make sure you’ve got a good roof over your head, support your family and get your retirement squared away, then lower-paying careers might work just fine for you, especially if you’re doing something you really enjoy. If you want a more luxurious lifestyle, though, or if you feel compelled to earn more so you can give to charity, leave a bigger inheritance or support businesses, you’ll need to focus on careers that are more lucrative. As you think about your money goals, take a hard look at the cost of the education necessary to get to the career you want. School loan repayment can take a huge bite out of your income, so not all high-paying careers are that lucrative, at least initially. For instance, doctors routinely can make $100,000 or more, especially if they specialize, but because the cost of their undergraduate degree and medical training is so high, what they net is sometimes comparable to other, much less demanding work. Always try to aim for a career that not only fulfills you, but that also gives you a high return on investment.


Choosing a career is something you should do slowly over time. To do it right, you need to give yourself the chance to really learn about yourself and figure out not only what you’re good at, but what you could be good at later on. You need to be specific about what you want to do financially and be truthful with yourself about how you work best. Job shadowing or volunteering and examining your hobbies can point you in the right direction, as well. Article provided by

The William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital is a highly affiliated acute care facility providing comprehensive tertiary care in medicine, surgery, neurology, and psychiatry. At William S Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, we strive to hire only the best! Working with and for America’s veterans is a privilege, and we pride ourselves on the quality of care we provide. If you have what it takes, please consider applying for one of our available positions online at For more information visit us online at We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability. WILLIAM S. MIDDLETON MEMORIAL VETERANS HOSPITAL | 2500 OVERLOOK TERRACE | MADISON, WI 53705

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May 2014

Jobs in Educational Services

Education is an important part of life. The amount and type of education that individuals receive is a major influence on both the types of jobs they are able to hold and their earnings. Lifelong learning is important in acquiring new knowledge and upgrading one’s skills, particularly in this age of rapid technological and economic changes. The educational services industry includes a variety of institutions that offer academic education, career and technical instruction, and other education and training to millions of students each year.


ecause school attendance is compulsory until at least age 16 in all 50 States and the District of Columbia, elementary, middle, and secondary schools are the most numerous of all educational establishments. They provide academic instruction to students in kindergarten through grade 12 in a variety of settings, including public schools, parochial schools, boarding and other private schools, and military academies. Some secondary schools offer a mixture of academic and career and technical instruction. Postsecondary institutions—universities, colleges, professional schools, community or junior colleges, and career and technical institutes—provide education and training in both academic and technical subjects for high school graduates and other adults. These institutions may offer associate, bachelor’s, or graduate degrees, depending on the type of institution. The undergraduate bachelor’s degree typically requires 4 years of study, while graduate degrees require additional years of study. Community and junior colleges and technical institutes offer associate degrees, certificates, or other diplomas, usually involving 2 years of study or less. Career and technical schools provide specialized training and services primarily related to a specific job. They may provide courses or programs for cosmetology, computers, business, practical nursing, and trades like automobile repair or welding. This industry also includes institutions that provide training, consulting, and other support services to schools and students, such as curriculum development, student exchanges, and tutoring. Also included are schools or programs that offer nonacademic or self-enrichment classes, such as automobile driving and cooking instruction, among others. Recent developments. In recent decades, the Nation has focused attention on the educational system, because of the growing importance of producing a trained and educated workforce. Many institutions, including government, private industry, and research organizations, are involved in improving the quality of education. The passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 established Federal guidelines to ensure that all students in

VA Long Beach Healthcare System 5901 East 7th Street • Long Beach, CA 90822 The VA Long Beach Healthcare System is one of the most diversified tertiary health care providers in the VA. It is a teaching hospital, providing a full range of patient care services, with state-of-the-art technology as well as education and research. Whatever the job title, every position in VA will give you a chance to make a meaningful and personal contribution to the lives of truly special and deserving people - our Veterans. VA offers generous paid time off and a variety of predictable and flexible scheduling opportunities. For more information about us and our current vacancies, please visit: EOE

6339 Mill Street Rhinebeck, NY 12572 Fax Resumes to: 845-876-2020 Astor Services for Children & Families is a voluntary, nonprofit agency sponsored by Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of New York, providing a range of services for children and their families regardless of race, creed or national origin, serving Dutchess, Orange, Ulster, & Bronx counties. For employment consideration including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and nurses please submit your resume/cv along with copies of certification and licensure to Astor Services for Children & Families is an Equal Opportunity Employer, and does not discriminate against employees and applicants for employment on the basis of race, color, creed, natural origin, gender, actual or perceived age, citizenship, alienage, disability, marital status or sexual orientation, or as further provided by governing law applicable to the employee’s work location.

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equal opportunity employment journal

public elementary through secondary schools receive a high-quality education. Through this act, States are given some flexibility on how to spend the educational funds they are allocated. However, the Act requires standardized testing of all students in core subject areas. Students, teachers, and staff involved in education are held accountable for the results of testing, and teachers and teacher assistants must demonstrate that they are sufficiently qualified in the subjects or areas in which they teach. States are responsible for following these guidelines and can lose Federal funding if standards are not met. Despite this increased Federal role, State and local governments are still the most important regulators of public education. Many States had already begun to introduce performance standards individually prior to passage of the Act, and the Act still allows States a considerable amount of discretion in how they implement many of its provisions. In an effort to promote innovation in public education, many local and State governments have authorized the creation of public charter schools, in the belief that, by presenting students and their parents with a greater range of instructional options, schools and students will be encouraged to strive for excellence. Charter schools, which usually are run by teachers and parents or, increasingly, by private firms, operate independently of the school system, set their own standards, and practice a variety of innovative teaching methods. Businesses strive to improve education by donating instructional equipment, lending personnel for teaching and mentoring, hosting visits to the workplace, and providing job-shadowing and internship opportunities. Businesses also collaborate with educators to develop curricula that will provide students with the skills they need to cope with new technology in the workplace. Quality improvements also are being made to career and technical education at secondary and postsecondary schools. Academics are playing a more important role in career and technical curricula, and programs are being made relevant to the local job market. Often, students must meet rigorous standards, set in consultation with private industry, before receiving a certificate or degree. Career and technical students in secondary school programs must pass the same standardized tests in core subject areas as students who are enrolled in academic programs of study. A growing number of career and technical programs emphasize general workplace skills, such as problem solving, teamwork, and customer service. Many high schools now offer technical preparatory (“tech-prep”) programs, which are developed jointly by high schools and community colleges to provide a continuous course of study leading to an associate degree or other postsecondary credential. Computer technology continues to affect the education industry. Teachers use the Internet in classrooms, as well as to communicate with colleagues and parents; students use the Internet for research projects. Distance learning continues to expand, as more postsecondary institutions use Internet-based technology to conduct lessons and coursework electronically, allowing students in distant locations access to educational opportunities formerly available only on campus. Despite these improvements in quality, problems remain. High school completion rates remain low, particularly for minority students, and employers contend that numerous high school graduates still lack many of the math and communication skills needed in today’s workplace. School budgets often are not sufficient to meet an institution’s various goals, particularly in the inner cities, where aging facilities and chronic teacher shortages make educating children more difficult.

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Working Conditions

Hours. Most elementary and secondary schools generally operate 10 months a year, but a small percentage operate year round. In schools with a 10 month school year, summer sessions for special education or remedial students are common. In addition, education administrators, office and administrative support workers, and janitors and cleaners At all levels of education, seeing students often work the entire year. Postsecondary develop and enjoy learning can be institutions operate rewarding for teachers and other year-round, but may have reduced offereducation workers. ings during summer months. Institutions that cater to adult students, and those that offer educational support services such as tutoring, may operate year-round, as well. Night and weekend work is common for teachers of adult literacy and remedial and self-enrichment education, postsecondary teachers, and library workers in postsecondary institutions. Part-time work is common for this same group of teachers, as well as for teacher assistants and school bus drivers. The latter often work a split shift, driving one or two routes in the morning and afternoon; drivers who are assigned to drive students on field trips, to athletic and other extracurricular activities, or to midday kindergarten programs work additional hours during or after school. Many teachers spend significant time outside of school preparing for class, doing administrative tasks, conducting research, writing articles and books, and pursuing advanced degrees. Work environment. Elementary and secondary school conditions often vary from town to town. Some schools in poorer neighborhoods may be rundown, have few supplies and equipment, and lack air conditioning. Other schools may be new and well equipped and maintained. Conditions at postsecondary institutions are generally very good. At all levels of education, seeing students develop and enjoy learning can be rewarding for teachers and other education workers. However, dealing with unmotivated students or those with social or behavioral problems can be stressful and require patience and understanding.

Occupations in the Industry

Workers in the educational services industry take part in all aspects of education, from

CHRISTUS Health Shreveport-Bossier is a great place to work. Our staff includes more than 600 physicians, 1,028 employees and over 200 volunteers. Our areas of specialty include cardiovascular services, oncology, orthopedic and neurological services, primary care medicine, surgical services, women’s and children’s services. CHRISTUS Health Shreveport-Bossier is an equal-opportunity employer. CHRISTUS does not discriminate in employment on account of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age or disability.

Whether you are a seasoned nurse, a new graduate, or someone seeking a change in career path, you will find a wealth of opportunities at CHRISTUS Health. At CHRISTUS, you can reach your potential through a variety of professional growth opportunities: • specialty care areas • nursing roles for direct and indirect patient care areas • professional development opportunities

Apply online at: CHRISTUS Health Shreveport –Bossier One St. Mary Place Shreveport, Louisiana 71101 318-681-4599

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May 2014

teaching and counseling students to driving school buses mathematics, or history, or in a career or cation students develop emotionally, feel and serving cafeteria lunches. Although 67 percent of technical area, such as automobile mechan- comfortable in social situations, and be workers in educational services are employed in profes- ics, business education, or computer repair. aware of socially acceptable behavior. sional and related occupations, the industry also employs Some supervise after-school extracurricuVocational education teachers, also many administrative support, managerial, service, and lar activities, and some help students deal referred to as career and technical educaother workers. with academic problems, such as choosing tion (CTE) or career-technology teachers, Teaching occupations. Teachers account for 47 per- courses, colleges, and careers. instruct and train students to work in a wide cent of all workers in the industry. Their duties depend Special education teachers work with stu- variety of fields. Coursework in career and on the age group and subject they teach, as well as on the dents—from toddlers to those in their early technical education is focused on assisttype of institution in which they work. Teachers should twenties—who have a variety of learning ing students enter a particular career or have a sincere interest in helping stube better prepared for the world dents and should also have the ability of work. Career and technical to inspire respect, trust, and confiteachers can be found in middle, dence. Strong speaking and writing secondary, and postsecondary skills, inquiring and analytical minds, schools. Postsecondary teachers, and a desire to pursue and disseminate or faculty, as they are usually knowledge are vital prerequisites for called, often are organized into teachers. departments or divisions, based Preschool teachers nurture, teach, on their subject or field. They and care for children who have not yet teach and advise college students entered kindergarten. They provide and perform a substantial part early childhood care and education of our Nation’s research. They through a variety of teaching stratprepare lectures, exercises, and egies. They teach children, usually laboratory experiments; grade aged 3 to 5, both in groups and oneexams and papers; and advise It’s a different kind of front line.They When I look around, on-one. do so by planning and and work with students individuI see nothing but people helping people. Just like us. implementing a curriculum aimed at ally. Postsecondary teachers keep covering various areas of a child’s abreast of developments in their RECOGNIZE > HONOR > RESPECT development, such as motor skills, field by reading current literaSpecial education teachers work with students— ture, talking with colleagues and social and emotional development and language development. from toddlers to those in their early twenties—who businesses, and participating in Kindergarten and elementary professional conferences. They school teachers play a critical role have a variety of learning and physical disabilities. also consult with government, in the early development of chilbusiness, nonprofit, and commudren. They usually instruct one class in a variety of and physical disabilities. While most work nity organizations. In addition, they may do subjects, introducing the children to mathematics, lan- in traditional schools and assist those stu- their own research to expand knowledge in guage, science, and social studies. Often, they use dents who require extra support, some work their field, often publishing their findings games, artwork, music, computers, and other tools to in schools specifically designed to serve in scholarly journals, books, and electronic teachbasic skills. students with the most severe disabilities. media. Middle and secondary school teachers help students With all but the most severe cases, special Adult literacy and remedial education delve more deeply into subjects introduced in elemen- education teachers modify the instruction teachers teach English to speakers of other tary school. Middle and secondary school teachers spe- of the general education curriculum and, languages (ESOL), prepare sessions for cialize in a specific academic subject, such as English, when necessary, develop alternative assess- the General Educational Development ment methods to accommodate a student’s (GED) exam, and give basic instruction special needs. They also help special edu- to out-of-school youths and adults. Self-

Think about where you are. As a healthcare professional with the chance to work wherever you wish. Think of all the other freedoms you enjoy. And now think of the brave men and women who ensure these choices every day. Around here, honor is rightfully bestowed to our patients. Likewise, we feel an honor to look after their well being. We think you’ll agree. Welcome to the Portland VA Medical Center in Portland, Oregon where we are a leading teaching facility with key educational affiliations. We proudly provide a full range of primary, tertiary, and long-term care ––– and are renowned for our broad areas of specialty, including neurology, mental health, and liver and renal transplant. Make your choice and join us. The Pacific Northwest offers a renowned green, clean environment, with a host of events to rival its natural beauty. Portland, in particular, sits in the shadows of spectacular Mount Hood, and combines beaches, forests, rivers, and mountains with fine dining, museums, and cultural sophistication. The Portland VA Medical Center offers a competitive salary and benefits package. Visit our Web site at to view curent openings.

Portland VA Medical Center

It’s a different kind of front line. When I look around, I see nothing but people helping people. Just like us. Portland VA Medical Center is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Think about where you are. As a healthcare professional with the chance to work wherever you wish. Think of all the other freedoms you enjoy. And now think of the brave men and women who ensure these choices every day. Around here, honor is rightfully bestowed to our patients. Likewise, we feel an honor to look after their well being. We think you’ll agree. Welcome to the Portland VA Medical Center in Portland, Oregon where we are a leading teaching facility with key educational affiliations. We proudly provide a full range of primary, tertiary, and long-term care — and are renowned for our broad areas of specialty, including neurology, metal health, and liver and renal transplant. Make your choice and join us. The Pacific Northwest offers a renowned green, clean environment, with a host of events to rival its natural beauty. Portland, in particular, sits in the shadows of spectacular Mount Hood, and combines beaches, forests, rivers, and mountains with fine dining, museums, and cultural sophistication. The Portland VA Medical Center offers a competitive salary and benefits package. Visit our Web site at to view current openings. Portland VA Medical Center is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

Billings Clinic is a community-owned, not-for-profit health care organization with more than 3,500 employees, including over 300 physicians and non-physician providers. Our integrated organization consists of a multi-specialty group practice, a 272-bed hospital, and an assisted living and rehab center. Recognized for excellence with Magnet™ designation. For more information about us and to apply online, go to:


Signature HealthCARE, LLC and affiliates For career opportunities visit us at We stand in support of equality for and advancement of all people based on their qualifications and actions alone without regard to color, gender, age, religion, national origin or disability. EEO/AAP

May 2014 enrichment teachers teach classes that students take for personal enrichment, such as cooking or dancing. Other professional occupations. Education administrators provide vision, direction, leadership, and day-to-day management of educational activities in schools, colleges and universities, businesses, correctional institutions, museums, and job training and community service organizations. They set educational standards and goals and aid in establishing the policies and procedures to carry them out. They develop academic programs; monitor students’ educational progress; hire, train, motivate, and evaluate teachers and other staff; manage counseling and other student services; administer recordkeeping; prepare budgets; and handle relations with staff, parents, current and prospective students, employers, and the community. Instructional coordinators evaluate school curricula and recommend changes. They research the latest teaching methods, textbooks, and other instructional materials and provide training to teachers. They also coordinate equipment purchases and assist in the use of new technology in schools. Educational, vocational, and school counselors work at the elementary, middle, secondary, and postsecondary school levels and help students evaluate their abilities, talents, and interests so students can develop realistic academic and career options. Using interviews, counseling sessions, tests, and other methods, secondary school counselors also help students understand and deal with their social, behavioral, and personal problems. They advise on college majors, admission requirements, and entrance exams and on trade, technical school, and apprenticeship programs. Elementary school counselors do more social and personal counseling and less career and academic counseling than do secondary and postsecondary school counselors. School counselors may work with students individually or in small groups, or they may work with entire classes. Librarians help people find information and learn how to use it effectively in their scholastic, personal, and professional pursuits. Librarians manage library staff and develop and direct information programs and systems for the public, as well as oversee the selection and organization of library materials. Library technicians help librarians acquire, prepare, and organize

equal opportunity employment journal material; direct library users to standard references; and retrieve information from computer databases. Clerical library assistants check out and receive library materials, collect overdue fines, and shelve materials. Teacher assistants, also called teacher aides or instructional aides, provide instructional and clerical support for classroom teachers, allowing the teachers more time to plan lessons and to teach. Using the teacher’s lesson plans, they provide students with individualized attention, tutoring and assisting children—particularly special education and non-English speaking students—in learning class material. Assistants also aid and supervise students in the cafeteria, in the schoolyard, in hallways, or on field trips. They record grades, set up equipment, and prepare materials for instruction. Other occupations. The educational services industry employs many other workers who are found in a wide range of occupations. This industry employs many office and administrative support workers such as secretaries, administrative assistants, and general office clerks. They also employ many school bus drivers, who transport students to and from schools and related activities.

Training and Advancement

The educational services industry employs some of the most highly educated workers in the labor force. About 64 percent of employees have at least a bachelor’s degree, as a bachelor’s degree is required for nearly all professional occupations in the industry. Many professional occupations also require a master’s degree or doctorate, particularly for jobs at postsecondary institutions or in administration. Teaching occupations. The training and qualifications required of preschool teachers vary widely. Each State has its own licensing requirements that regulate caregiver training. These requirements range from a high school diploma, to a national Child Development Associate (CDA) credential, to community college courses, or to a college degree in child development or early childhood education. Kindergarten, elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers in public schools must have a bachelor’s degree and complete an approved teacher training program, with a prescribed number of subject and education credits, as well as supervised practice teaching. All States require public school teachers to be licensed; however, licensure requirements vary by State.

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Educational, vocational, and school counselors work at the elementary, middle, secondary, and postsecondary school levels and help students evaluate their abilities, talents, and interests so students can develop realistic academic and career options.

Adena Health System is always looking for highly motivated, success seeking individuals to join and enhance the organization that already encompasses over 2800+ of Ohio’s finest physicians, employees and volunteers. We are a growing and progressive organization that offers highly competitive compensation as well as a wide range of employee benefits. A listing of available positions can be found on our website at:

Adena Health System is an equal opportunity employer. We employ the persons best qualified for all positions without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, gender, age (40 and over), veteran status, the presence of a disability or any other legally protected status.

272 Hospital Road • Chillicothe, OH 45601

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equal opportunity employment journal

some school systems, highly qualified, experienced elementary and secondary school teachers can become senior or mentor teachers, with higher pay and additional responsibilities. Postsecondary teachers who teach at 4-year colleges and universities generally must have a doctoral or other terminal degree for full-time, tenure-track employment, and usually also for part-time teaching at these institutions as well, though a master’s degree is sometimes sufficient. At 2-year colleges, howevA large number of retirements will add job er, most positions are held openings and create good job prospects for many by teachers with master’s Most faculty memof those seeking work in educational services. degrees. bers are hired as instructors Many States offer alternative licensure programs for or assistant professors and may advance people who have bachelor’s degrees in the subject they to associate professor and full professor. will teach, but lack the education courses required for Some faculty may also advance to admina regular license. Certain teacher occupations require istrative and managerial positions, such as additional specific training: special education teachers department chairperson, dean, and presineed either a master’s degree in special education or dent. At some institutions, these positions some other form of specialized training in the subject, are temporary, with the holder returning to while vocational education teachers often need work the faculty of their department after a set term. experience in their field. Other professional occupations. School Teachers in private elementary, middle, and secondary schools do not have to meet State licensing standards; counselors are required to hold State however, schools generally prefer candidates who have school counseling certification; however, a bachelor’s degree in the subject they intend to teach certification procedures vary from State for secondary school teachers, or in childhood education to State. A master’s degree is generally for elementary school teachers. They seek candidates required, and some States also require among recent college graduates, as well as from those public school counselors to have teachwho have established careers in other fields. Private ing certificates and a number of years schools affiliated with religious institutions also desire of teaching experience in addition to a candidates who share the values that are important to the counseling certificate. Experienced school institution. counselors may advance to a larger school; With additional education or certification, teachers become directors or supervisors of counmay become school librarians, reading specialists, cur- seling, guidance, or student personnel serriculum specialists, or guidance counselors. Some teach- vices; or, with further graduate education, ers advance to administrative or supervisory positions— become counseling psychologists or school such as instructional coordinator, assistant principal, or administrators. principal—but the number of these jobs is limited. In Training requirements for education administrators depend on where they work. Principals, assistant principals, and other learner school administrators in school districts centered usually have held a teaching or related discovery job before entering administration, and driven they generally need a master’s or doctoral degree in education administration or globally educational supervision, as well as State engaged The mission of Western Michigan University teacher certification. At postsecondary School of Medicine (WMed) is to advance the health patient institutions, academic deans usually have a of humanity through excellence in medical education, doctorate in their specialty. Other adminis& family


WMed is an Equal Opportunity Employer seeking to hire employees of any race, color, and national or ethnic origin

clinical care, research, and service. These pursuits are interdependent and together assume optimal care for today and hope for tomorrow. WMed is located in a family-friendly, culturally-rich academic community situated in beautiful southwest Michigan, centrally located between Chicago and Detroit. 1000 Oakland Drive • Kalamazoo, MI 49008-1284 (269) 337-4400

May 2014

trators can begin with a bachelor’s degree, but may need to get a master’s or doctorate to advance to top positions. In addition to climbing up the administrative ladder, advancement is also possible by transferring to larger schools or school systems. Training requirements for teacher assistants range from a high school diploma to an associate degree. The No Child Left Behind Act mandates that all teacher assistants working in schools that receive Title I funds either have a minimum of 2 years of postsecondary education or an associate degree, or pass a State approved examination. Districts that assign teaching responsibilities to teacher assistants usually have higher training requirements than those that do not. Teacher assistants who obtain a bachelor’s degree, usually in education, may become certified teachers. Librarians generally need a master’s degree in library science. Many States require school librarians to be licensed as teachers and to have taken courses in library science. Experienced librarians may advance to administrative positions, such as department head, library director, or chief information officer. Training requirements for library technicians range from a high school diploma to specialized postsecondary training; a high school diploma is usually sufficient for library assistants. Library workers can advance— from assistant, to technician, to librarian— with experience and the required formal education. School bus drivers need a commercial driver’s license and have limited opportunities for advancement; some become supervisors or dispatchers.


Greater numbers of children and adults enrolled in all types of schools will generate employment growth in this industry. A large number of retirements will add additional job openings and create good job prospects for many of those seeking work in educational services. Employment change. Wage and salary employment growth of 12 percent is expected in the educational services industry over the 2008-18 period, comparable to the 11 percent increase projected for all industries combined. Over the long-term, the overall demand for workers in educational services will increase as a result of a growing emphasis on improving education and making it available not only to more children and young adults, but also to those currently employed and in need of improving their skills. Much of the demand for

Brooke Grove Foundation’s mission is to “Touch People’s Lives”® by providing excellent service, showing respect and radiating kindness. If you are interested in a rewarding job experience that will make a positive difference in the lives of others, we have a position for you! Our employment opportunities are listed on our website at Brooke Grove Foundation is an Equal Opportunity Employer and does not discriminate in admissions, employment, contracting with consultants or acceptance of volunteers on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, handicap, sexual orientation, or national origin. 18100 SLADE SCHOOL ROAD • SANDY SPRING, MARYLAND 20860

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

educational services is driven by growth in the population of students at each level. Low enrollment growth projections at the secondary school level are likely to limit growth somewhat, resulting in average growth for these teachers, However, enrollment growth is expected to be larger at the elementary (grades 1-5) and middle school (grades 6-8) levels, which will likely result in slightly higher employment growth for teachers at these levels. Reforms, such as universal preschool and all-day kindergarten, will require more preschool and kindergarten teachers. Due to continued emphasis on the inclusion of disabled students in general education classrooms and an effort to reach students with problems at younger ages, special education teachers will experience relatively strong growth. School reforms calling for more individual attention to students will require additional teacher assistants, particularly to work with special education and English-as-a-second-language students. Enrollments are expected to grow at a faster rate in postsecondary institutions as more high school graduates attend college and as more working adults return to school to enhance or update their skills. As a result, postsecondary teachers will experience growth that is faster than the industry on a whole. Despite expected increases in education expenditures over the next decade, budget constraints at all levels of government may place restrictions on educational services, particularly in light of the rapidly escalating costs associated with increased college enrollments, special education, construction of new schools, and other services. Funding constraints generally affect student services (such as school busing, library and educational materials, and extracurricular activities) before employment of administrative, instructional, and support staff. However, supplementary programs, such as music and foreign language instruction, also often face cuts when budgets become tight. Even if no reductions are required, budget considerations also may affect attempts to expand school programs, such as increasing the number of counselors and teacher assistants in elementary schools. Job prospects. In addition to job openings due to employment growth, retirements will create large numbers of job openings as a greater-than-average number of workers are over the age of 55 in nearly all the major occupations that make up the industry—from janitors to education administrators. School districts, particularly those in urban and rural areas, continue to report difficulties in recruiting qualified teachers, administrators, and support personnel. Fast-growing areas of the country—including several States and cities in the South and West—also report difficulty recruiting education workers, especially teachers. Retirements are expected to remain high over the 2008-18 period, so the number of students graduating with education degrees may not be sufficient to meet this industry’s growing needs, making job opportunities for graduates in many education fields good to excellent. Currently, alternative licensing programs are helping to attract more people into teaching, especially those from other career paths, but opportunities should continue to be very good for highly qualified teachers, especially those in subject areas with the highest needs, such as math, science, and special education. At the postsecondary level, increases in student enrollments and projected retirements of current faculty should contribute to a favorable job market for postsecondary teachers. However, candidates applying for tenured positions will continue to face keen competition as many colleges and universities rely on adjunct or part-time faculty and graduate students to make up a larger share

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of the total instructional staff than in the past.


Industry earnings. Wages of occupations concentrated in the educational services industry—education administrators, teachers, counselors, and librarians—are higher than the average for all occupations, because workers tend to be older and have higher levels of educational attainment. Among teachers, earnings increase with higher educational attainment and more years of service. Fulltime postsecondary teachers earn the most, followed by elementary, middle, and secondary school teachers. Most teachers are paid a salary, but parttime instructors in postsecondary institutions usually are paid a fixed amount per course. Educational services employees who work the traditional school year can earn additional money during the summer in jobs related to, or outside of, education. Benefits generally are good, but, as in other industries, part-time workers often do not receive the same benefits that full-time workers do. Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics

Enrollments are expected to grow at a faster rate in postsecondary institutions as more high school graduates attend college and as more working adults return to school to enhance or update their skills.

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The Lebanon VA Medical Center has been dedicated to providing quality health care with dignity, compassion and respect to veterans in South Central PA. In that regard, it is necessary to hire the most competent and caring staff available. For over 60 years, we have passionately served with trust, excellence and commitment. If you are interested in joining this dynamic team of professionals, accessing our internet job site is your first step to exploring recruitment opportunities. Visit us online: Equal Opportunity Employer

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

High Wages after High School— without A Bachelor’s Degree by Elka Torpey

There are lots of ways you can enter a high-paying career without having a bachelor’s degree. Other degrees along with work experience and on-the-job training can lead to a job that really pays off. CHC is building a world class primary health care system that is committed to caring for special populations, and that is focused on improving health outcomes for our patients as well as building healthy communities. If you are ready for a satisfying and rewarding career, join our team of diverse and motivated professionals at Community Health Center, Inc. (CHC). CHC is one of the country’s most creative and dynamic providers of primary medical, dental and mental health services to the uninsured and underinsured. Visit for more information. COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTER • 134 STATE STREET • MERIDEN, CT 06450 • EOE

MCH is a 25-bed Critical Access Hospital offering Medical, Surgical and Intensive Care; Obstetrics; Pediatrics; and Mental Health services. In addition, a wide variety of outpatient services are available, including Pulmonary, Cardiac and Physical Rehabilitation; 24-hour Emergency Care; a fully equipped laboratory; and an extensive Radiology department. At Monadnock our values are deeply rooted in the shared experience of community within Peterborough, NH and the surrounding towns. We are committed to providing excellence in health care. We invite you to learn more and to apply on-line: • • An Equal Opportunity Employer


hat’s the best way to enter a high-payingcareer without having a bachelor’s degree? Well, there are lots of ways. An associate’s degree, a postsecondary non-degree award, or a high school diploma—often coupled with work experience in a related occupation, on-the-job training, or both—can lead to a job that really pays off. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), 80 occupations typically require less than a bachelor’s degree to enter and had median annual wages of over $50,000 in May 2010. Some of them had median wages that were much higher than that. The occupations are diverse and wide ranging. They include different types of managers, technicians, and repairers, as well as registered nurses, commercial divers, and fashion designers. And they are employed across nearly all industries. This article looks at these occupations in greater detail. It uses BLS data to show how much workers earn and the number of expected job openings from 2010 to 2020. It also explains the education and training workers typically need to enter these occupations and to become competent at performing them. The first section of the article is about education and earnings—and describes the terms used by BLS. The second section presents high-paying occupations for three education levels: associate’s degree, postsecondary non-degree award, and high school diploma. Tables highlight information about the occupations. Accompanying text describes the five top-paying occupations in each education category. And ways to learn more about the occupations in this article—and others not described here—are provided at the end.

Education and Earnings

More than 60 percent of U.S. workers don’t have a bachelor’s degree, BLS data show. And some of these workers without a bachelor’s degree earned more than $33,840, the median annual wage for all workers in May 2010. Wages are affected by many factors, one of which is education. Generally, people with more education have

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May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

higher wages than those with less education. But you don’t always need a bachelor’s degree to land a high-paying job. Lots of occupations with high wages don’t require a bachelor’s degree. Many of these occupations, however, require other education after high school, such as an associate’s degree or postsecondary non-degree award. And those that don’t need more education almost always involve some form of work experience or on-the-job training.

BLS education and training categories


BLS assigns three categories to occupations. The categories are as follows: • Typical education needed for entry • Work experience in a related occupation • Typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency. The category assignments are designed to give a more complete picture of the typical requirements for workers to enter or attain competency in an occupation. Workers usually need some combination of education, experience, and training to get a job in their occupationof choice. There are eight education levels. The three highest levels of education are doctoral or professional degree, master’s degree, and bachelor’s degree. Occupations from two other education levels—some college but no degree and less than a high school diploma—are not included in this article because so few of them had high wages.

This article focuses on highearning occupations at three education levelsbelow the bachelor’s degree: • Associate’s degree • Postsecondary non-degree award • High school diploma The occupations discussed in this article typically do not require a bachelor’s degree to enter. In any occupation, however, workers may have more or less education than what is typically needed for entry. Requirements for work experience in a related occupation are as follows: • More than 5 years • 1 to 5 years • Less than 1 year • None On-the-job training assignments are as follows: • Internship/residency • Apprenticeship • Long-term on-the-job training (more than 12 months) • Moderate-term on-the-job training (1 to 12 months) • Short-term on-the-job training (1 month or less) • None

Money—and more

The occupations in this article all had median annual wages greater than $50,000 in May 2010. A median annual wage means that half of workers in the occupation earned more than that amount, and half earned less.

Port Huron Hospital, established in 1882 is a not-for-profit hospital with a proven commitment to education and quality patient care. Port Huron Hospital provides a full spectrum of inpatient and outpatient healthcare services to residents in St. Clair and Sanilac Counties. Learn more about us and our employment opportunities at:

Page 43

Lots of occupations with high wages don’t require a bachelor’s degree. Many of these occupations, however, require other education after high school, such as an associate’s degree or postsecondary non-degree award.

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Equal Opportunity Employer

Lahey Hospital & Medical Center is a physician-led, nonprofit group practice. At Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, patient care always comes first. Because of our focus on excellence in patient care, Lahey Hospital & Medical Center continues to attract the best people across all departments and disciplines. To learn more about Lahey Hospital & Medical Center, please visit: 41 Mall Road, Burlington, and MA 01805

EEO/Drug-Free Employer


We are an EEO/AA/Minorities/Females/Disabled/Veterans. We are proud to reflect the diverse communities that we serve.

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equal opportunity employment journal

Another factor to consider when choosing an occupation is the type of work you would like to do. For example, some people might enjoy working with objects or tools; others might prefer managing people or projects.

But wages are only part of any career equation. Type of work, working conditions, job satisfaction, and other factors influence occupation choice. Money matters. Not all workers in these occupations earned more than $50,000, although some made considerably more. For example, the median annual wage for loan officers was $56,490 in May 2010—but the lowest earning 10 percent of workers made $30,930 or less. And the highest earning 10 percent made $112,370 or more. Wages include hourly, weekly, or annual pay that people receive for the work they do. Tips, sales commissions, and production bonuses are also included. But overtime and nonproduction bonuses are not. All of the wage data in this article come from the BLS Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey. The data are from 2010, the base year of the BLS 2010–20 employment projections. The OES survey does not collect information on self-employed workers, so the data do not include the wages of these workers. Other factors. Another factor to consider when choosing an occupation is the type of work you would like to do. For example, some people might enjoy working with objects or tools; others might prefer managing people or projects. Working conditions also influence career decisions: some occupations with high median wages, for example, require long hours. High-paying occupations can also be stressful. Or they might involve nonstandard schedules or difficult or hazardous work environments. Plus, a job’s rewards aren’t always in the form of pay. Workers in some occupations, such as those in childcare or social services, are willing to earn less for the personal satisfaction they get from their jobs. Other nonwage benefits include vacation time, flexible schedules, and health insurance. When thinking about which occupation to pursue, you

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300 CENTRAL AVENUE EAST ORANGE, NJ, 07018 East Orange General Hospital’s mission is to improve the health of the community by working collaboratively to provide high quality, efficient, safe and accessible health care services with the utmost respect and compassion.

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May 2014 might also consider whether you’ll be likely to find a job in that field. The number of projected job openings in an occupation is one indication of whether jobs are likely to beplentiful or scarce. Each of the tables in the next section provides data on projected job openings. Still other factors, such as advancement potential and job security, may also come into play when selecting a career.

High-paying occupations by education level

Most high-earning workers who don’t have a bachelor’s degree have an associate’s degree, a postsecondary nondegree award, or a high school diploma as their highest level of education. The following sections present information about the five highest earning occupations within a particular level of education.

Associate’s degree

Healthcare is expected to be among the fastest-growing industries over the next decade—and an associate’s degree is a great way to prepare for many high-paying, highdemand careers in this industry. Nearly half of the occupations are related to healthcare. And one healthcare occupation— registered nurses—is projected to have over 1.2 million job openings from 2010 to 2020. In addition to healthcare occupations, high-paying occupations at this education level include technicians, managers, and others. In May 2010, 20 occupations that typically require an associate’s degree for entry had median annual wages of more than $50,000. An associate’s degree usually requires between 2 and 4 years of full-time academic study after high school. These programs often prepare students for a specific career. For example, occupational therapy assistants generally must complete a 2-year occupational therapy assistant program. Associate’s degree programs are offered at public community colleges, private 2-year colleges, for-profit technical institutes, and some 4-year colleges and universities. Earning an associate’s degree can be a relatively fast track to high earnings: most of the

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

high-wage associate’s degree level jobs support services. Because of the variety of industries in don’t require on-the-job training or work which they work, general and operations experience in a related occupation. Air traffic controllers. These workers managers’ education requirements also monitor and direct the movement of air- vary. Some workers need no more educacraft. In May 2010, air traffic controllers tion than a high school diploma. But others had the highest median annual wage among need an associate’s degree. Still others need occupations in which workers typically a bachelor’s or higher degree. Most general and operations managers don’t need a bachelor’s degree. Almost all of them work for the Federal work their way up from lower-level posiAviation Administration (FAA). Median tions, such as sales manager or production annual wages of air traffic controllers are manager. Often, this experience is with the the highest of any occupation in which same employer or in the same industry. Jobs for general and operations manworkers typically do not need a bachelor’s degree. However, entry requirements are agers are stressful because these workers strict. And although a bachelor’s degree is are responsible for many aspects of their not always required, many workers in this organization, including its overall success. About 38 percent of workers spent 50 hours occupation have one. To enter the occupation, most workers or more a week on the job in 2010. Construction managers. These workers need an associate’s or bachelor’s degree oversee a construction in air traffic control or project from start to fina related subject from ish. They set timelines, a program approved by Working conditions prepare contracts, and the FAA’s Air Trafficalso influence career manage budgets. They Collegiate Training decisions: some also determine which Initiative. Air traffic construction methods controllers also must occupations with to use, and they hire meet other criteria. For high median wages, and supervise workers example, they generalfor example, require to complete the project. ly must be age 30 or Throughout the process, younger, pass a pre-emlong hours. they ensure compliance ployment test, and get with building and safety medical and security codes or other regulations. Construction clearances. After they are hired, workers get up to managers may have job titles such as proj12 weeks of training at the FAA Academy, ect manager, construction foreman, and job followed by additional on-the-job training. superintendent. About 64 percent of construction manWork as an air traffic controller requires focus and is often stressful. Night and agers were self-employed in 2010. Others weekend shift work may be required, as worked for residential and nonresidential many control towers and centers are open Construction managers ensure compliance 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Most air with building codes and other regulations Education requirements for these workers traffic controllers are members of a union. General and operations managers. vary. Some construction managers need an Coordinating an organization’s daily associate’s degree in construction manageactivities, these managers might develop ment or construction technology. Others policies, oversee budget activities, or might need a high school diploma, bachereview sales reports. They are employed lor’s degree, or master’s degree. Most also in a wide range of industries, including have experience in a construction-related manufacturing; retail trade; professional, field, such as having worked as a carpenter, scientific, and technical services; and construction supervisor, or cost estimator. Construction managers often perform wholesale trade. Others work in finance and insurance, healthcare and social assistance, under pressure and must be able to manage government, and administrative and multiple activities at the same time. Like

Central Arkansas Veterans Healthcare System

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We strive to hire only the best! Working with and for America’s Veterans is a privilege, and we pride ourselves on the quality of care we provide. If you have what it takes, please consider applying for one of our available positions online at We are an equal opportunity employer.

John L. McClellan Memorial Veterans Hospital 4300 West 7th Street Little Rock, AR 501-257-1756

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Work as an air traffic controller requires focus and is often stressful. Night and weekend shift work may be required, as many control towers and centers are open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

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Radiation therapists check equipment, observe patients’ reactions to treatment, and document the session. many managers, these workers spend long hours on the job. In 2010, about 25 percent of construction managers worked 50 hours or more a week. Radiation therapists. When administering prescribed doses of radiation to patients, radiation therapists check equipment, observe patients’ reactions to treatment, and document the session. Radiation is dangerous, so these workers follow safety procedures to protect themselves, their patients, and others. Most radiation therapists work in hospitals. Others work in physicians’ offices, other healthcare facilities, or schools that teach radiation therapy. To become a radiation therapist, workers typically need an associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree, or certificate in radiation therapy. In many states, workers also must be licensed. Certification by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists is required in some states and by some employers. Nuclear medicine technologists. These workers administer radioactive drugs to

equal opportunity employment journal patients and then use special equipment to observe the behavior of these drugs. Their work helps other healthcare specialists diagnose and treat various diseases, such as cancer. To lower the risks of radiation exposure, workers must follow safety standards. Most nuclear medicine technologists work in hospitals. Others work in physicians’offices, diagnostic and medical laboratories, other healthcare facilities, or schools. These workers typically need an associate’s degree in nuclear medicine technology, although some earn a bachelor’s degree or other award. States might require workers to be licensed. And certification by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists or by the Nuclear Medicine Technology Certification Board may also be required in some states.

Postsecondary non-degree award

Formal education after high school doesn’t always involve earning a degree. For some occupations, workers typically need postsecondary education that leads to a certificate or other award but that does not lead to a degree. The length of these postsecondary non-degree programs varies from a few weeks to 2 years. Eleven occupations that typically require a postsecondary non-degree award for entry had median annual wages greater than $50,000. Some high-paying jobs that do not require a bachelor’s degree involve stress or danger. Some of them are related to installation and repair work. Others involve aircraft or avionics. To qualify for most of these occupations, workers need moderate- or long-term on-thejob training or work experience in a related occupation in addition to a postsecondary non-degree award. First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers. These supervisors oversee the activities of firefighters and related workers. They may have job titles such as fire chief, fire lieutenant, fire marshal, shift commander, crew boss,

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May 2014

and county forest ranger. Most are employed by local governments. First-line supervisors typically must have worked as a firefighter or in a similar job for at least 1 to 5 years. Workers usually need to have earned an emergency medical technician or paramedic certificate. Many states require first-line supervisors to complete certification programs, which are frequently offered by local fire academies. The New York City Fire Academy, for example, requires first-line supervisors to complete its 4-week training program. Similarly, the National Fire Academy has an executive fire officer certification fro workers who have an associate’s degree. Jobs for supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers involve both stress and danger. Injury rates for fire fighting workers are higher than those for workers in other ccupations. Hours and schedules vary—and may involve around-the-clock work. Commercial pilots. These pilots fly and navigate helicopters or aircraft on unscheduled routes. Their jobs are different from those of airline pilots, who fly on scheduled routes, usually for major air carriers. Commercial pilots may fly helicopters or planes that monitor traffic, spray pesticides on crops, or transport people to hospitals. Some fly private jets. Others are flight instructors. About 9 percent of commercial pilots were selfemployed in 2010. Others worked in nonscheduled air transportation, technical and trade schools, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and ambulance services. Like airline pilots, commercial pilots need a license. They prepare by completing a postsecondary non-degree award program at a military or civilian flight school or by taking lessons from an FAA-certified instructor. Many commercial pilots have variable schedules. And commercial pilots face risks, such as hearing loss due to noisy engines and pesticide exposure from crop dusting. Some commercial pilots are union members. Powerhouse, substation, and relay electrical and electronics repairers. These workers maintain and fix equipment in electric power plants and in the substations and relay stations that bring electricity to consumers. A worker in this occupation may also be known as an instrument and control technician, relay technician, or substation mechanic. Most of them are employed by utility companies. Others work for local governments. Workers receive long-term on-the-job training after they are employed. Formal apprenticeship programs—in which people work while learning the job tasks—are available for this occupation. And some workers earn an associate’s degree. Working with electricity is dangerous, and workrelated injuries are common in this occupation. Greer, SC 29652

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Honeywell is one of the largest companies in the world and we are constantly seeking talented professionals. If you are still in school, Honeywell’s recruiting programs can put you on the path to career success. We offer a variety of Undergraduate Opportunities as well as a number of different Graduate Opportunities, including a fast track career option. We also sponsor Internships each year to provide students with a way to experience the Honeywell difference firsthand. For more information visit us at

May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Auto damage insurance appraisers. For insurance claim purposes, these workers inspect damaged motor vehicles and estimate repair costs. Most work for insurance carriers or insurance agencies and brokerages. Workers typically complete a program in auto damage appraisal. Before they can earn a certificate, appraisers might need auto repair or appraisal experience. For example, the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence has a program on damage analysis and estimating, but applicants must have 2 years of experience to qualify. Some appraisers are licensed by the state in which they work. On-the-job training of less than 1 year also helps workers become competent in the occupation. Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers. These workers install and fix Internet, telephone, cable television, and other telecommunications equipment. They explain to customers how the equipment works and repair or replace faulty devices. Some set up and maintain computerized switchboards or equipment in central offices or distribution centers of telecommunications companies. These workers may have job titles such as service technician, field technician, telecom technician, and PBX installer and repairer. Most of these workers are employed by telecommunications firms. Others DAL031676B work for wiring 2 MP PRODUCTION installation contractors. .65” (4c process) Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers typically need some education after high school, such as having completed

a certificate program in electronics repair. Some workers take classes offered by equipment manufacturers. Industry certification is needed for certain jobs. And many workers receive on-the-job training, which can last from several weeks to a few months. These workers have higher injury rates than workers in many other occupations. Taking precautions, such as using safety equipment, helps workers to avoid electrical shocks, burns, falls, and other risks. Some telecommunications equipment installers and repairers belong to a union.

High School Diploma

A high school diploma can lead to a high-paying job in many fields, including those in management or public service.

A high school diploma can lead to a high-paying job in many fields, including those in management or public service. Supervisors or managers make up 11 of the highest paying occupations for which2012 a high school diploma is the most education typically required. And 10 of the occupaBAKHUG0050 MHAYS tions involve law enforcement, fire fighting and Ad prevention, or postal service work. Forty-five occupations that usually require no Advancing Reservoir Performance

Join.Transform.Progress. Everybody wants to make a difference. At Baker Hughes, we’ll give you the opportunity. That’s because, whatever your background and professional experience, we’re always looking for people who can add that extra something – people who have the bright ideas that will help us grow and transform our organization. We’re already a leading oilfield services company, with more than a century of success centered on technology and innovation. Our dedicated, talented people are behind the sophisticated solutions we offer customers who face increasingly demanding technical challenges. We employ more than 50,000 people who work in fields such as drilling and evaluation, completions and production, pressure pumping, and fluids and chemicals. We offer a wide spectrum of technical and commercial opportunities in a dynamic global organization where we take pride in our safe and responsible attitude and our commitment to excellent customer service. Join us and you’ll soon belong to a hugely diverse, inclusive team of colleagues who will support and inspire you. We’re focused on performance, so your work will stretch and stimulate you, but you’ll also be well rewarded. Above all, we are a learning organization, so we’ll help you to build your skills and capabilities – and progress your career – through continuous training and professional development. Although we operate in more than 80 countries around the world, we recruit locally.

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Baker Hughes is an equal opportunities employer

Page 47

more education than a high school diploma had median annual wages of greater than $50,000 in May 2010. These occupations represent a diverse mix of careers, ranging from loan officers to elevator installers and repairers. But you probably won’t be prepared for a high-paying job with a diploma alone: all of the occupations in the table typically require work experience in a related occupation, on-the-job

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equal opportunity employment journal

Law enforcement experience and on-the-job training—such as attending a police academy to learn about related laws, use-of-force policies, and crowd-control techniques—are usually required to qualify for these positions. Your Digital World. Now.

It is Mediacom’s policy to affirmatively support equal employment opportunity (EEO) for all qualified individuals without regard to race, color, religion, national origin, age, gender, marital status, medical condition, sexual orientation, veteran status or any other characteristic protected by law.

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training, or both, before workers can enter or become fully competent in them. All other managers. The top-paying occupation in the table includes a variety of job titles, such as security manager, supply chain manager, and wind energy project manager. These workers oversee a wide range of people, projects, or processes. BLS data show that about 56 percent of these workers were self-employed in 2010. Many also worked for federal, state, and local governments; management firms; colleges and universities; hospitals; and insurance carriers. Work experience in a related occupation is often needed to enter this occupation. Schedules for these managers vary; about 26 percent of workers spent 50 hours or more a week on the job in 2010. But others worked part-time or variable schedules. Transportation, storage, and distribution managers. These workers are in charge of operations that range from railroads to shipping facilities. They manage budgets, set policies and standards, and direct procurement. Some of the industries that employ the largest number of these workers are federal, state, and local governments; general and specialized freight trucking; and warehousing and storage. Related industry experience—such as having been a supervisor at a transportation, storage, or distribution facility—is often required to qualify for one of these management positions. Wages for these workers are high, but work hours may be long: about 20 percent of workers put in 50 hours or more a week on the job in 2010. First-line supervisors of police and detectives. These supervisors coordinate the investigation of criminal cases, train staff, and oversee other tasks related to police operations. They may have job titles such as chief of police, police captain, police shift commander, lieutenant, and detective sergeant. Law enforcement experience and on-thejob training—such as attending a police academy to learn about related laws, use-of-force policies, and crowd-control techniques—are usually required to qualify

May 2014

for these positions. Most first-line supervisors of police and detectives are employed by state and local governments. Administrative services managers. Administrative services managers coordinate support services for an organization or department, such as facilities maintenance or records and information management. They oversee budgets, hire staff, buy supplies, and help maintain equipment. These managers are employed in many different industries, including construction and healthcare. Most work their way up from related positions. Administrative services managers may work long hours, with over 25 percent of workers putting in 50 hours or more per week in 2010. Nuclear power reactor operators. These workers control nuclear reactors, check for problems, and monitor systems to ensure that nuclear power plants operate safely. They make adjustments as needed, following standard procedures. And they may handle nuclear fuel elements. Jobs for nuclear power reactor operators involve risk. Because of this, they have very specific requirements, including licensure by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. To get a license, workers typically need at least 3 years of experience working in a power plant, followed by at least 1 year of training, after which they must pass a written exam and operating test. Many power reactor operators are members of a union.

For more information

Explore many of the occupations highlighted in this article, along with hundreds of others, in the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH) at The OOH has detailed descriptions of education and training requirements and describes the nature of the work, wages, and other career information for 341 occupations. To learn more about the BLS education and training data, visit ep_education_training_system.htm. From this page, you can find an occupation’s education and training assignments. Article provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics

Alpine Electronics, Inc. is one of the world’s leading car audio, mobile electronics, and navigation systems companies. We invite you to get your career in gear with an organization that is firmly committed to excellence. Alpine offers competitive salaries with an excellent benefits package and a great work environment. Visit us online for more information: PO BOX 2859 | TORRANCE, CA 90509-2859 | FAX: 310-212-0884 | EOE

Equal Opportunity Employer M/F/D/V

Tosoh Bioscience, Inc. (TBI) provides highly sophisticated diagnostic systems to doctor’s offices, hospitals and reference laboratories.

global communications and power at the speed of light...

The employee work environment is fast-paced, challenging and offers opportunities for personal growth and career advancement. TBI employees are focused on the collective vision of providing quality products and services through innovation.

EMCORE Corporation offers a broad portfolio of compound semiconductor-based components and systems for the broadband, fiber optic, satellite communication, defense and solar power markets. EMCORE has two primary operating segments: Fiber Optics and Photovoltaics. The company’s integrated solutions philosophy embodies state-of-the-art technology, material science expertise, and a shared vision of our customer’s goals and objectives to be leaders in fiber optics and photovoltaics.

For information regarding job openings at TBI, or to submit an application, please visit the Tosoh Jobs Portal online at

EMCORE Corporation

For more information and to apply for employment opportunities visit our website:

Learn more about us at: 6000 Shoreline Court • Suite 101 • South San Francisco, CA 94080


May 2014

equal opportunity employment journal

Page 49

Little-Known Ways to Stay Positive Through a Never-Ending Job Search


ccording to a survey of unemployed adults in the US by the New York Times, being unemployed has the ability to affect a person’s mental and emotional health. More than half of the 400-odd people surveyed reported experiencing serious conditions such as anxiety and depression. Insomnia was frequently seen. Today, half of those who are unemployed need to look for work for 40 weeks before they land something. Not since the 40s have job searches needed to last this long. It is easy to see how unemployment and embarking on a job search can push a person into depression, then. Being rejected over and over again for 40 weeks can bring anyone down. Potential employers tend to recognize a depressed individual when they see one and stay away from hiring them, too. The more depressed you are, then, the less likely you are to land a job. When you are stuck in a never-ending revolving door of job interviews, you need coping mechanisms. The more effective you are at getting the way you feel under control, the more effective you will be keeping your job search going and making a good impression on an employer.

Finding a support group

The thought of finding a support group and mixing up with others in your position may seem difficult to take at first. Often, people reject the idea out of hand because they imagine that support groups are like AA meetings - sad sacks swapping stories. In truth, though, these places can be full of resourceful people trying to talk about their experiences and finding a way out. Many people working with support groups find that they are accepted. They are able to find good sounding boards for their plans. Support groups often start with having everyone to the group sharing news of something good that has been happening to them. When each person manages to find something good to say about their life, the rest of the group applauds. Not only does everyone feel better at the end, they end up building trusting relationships that can be of great use down the line. Support groups are easy to find. You can ask around at the local YMCA, church or public library. If your company offers outplacement assistance as part of your severance package, you could look there, too.

“The more effective you are at getting the way you feel under control, the more effective you will be keeping your job search going and making a good impression on an employer.” Create a community of trusted advisors to help stay positive

It’s important to not cut yourself off from continuing relationships with people who are currently in work. They can be valuable sounding boards for your ideas. Job markets change quickly. You want to constantly try them with your ideas to make sure that they don’t sound outdated to them.

Finally, it’s important to not always be in “job-search mode”

When you’re out of the job, you don’t want your entire life to become about a desperate job-search. You still are a well-rounded individual with interests. You need to spend regular time with family and friends when you don’t think about your job search. You also need to take care of your health and know that you still deserve to enjoy yourself. Article provided by

Don’t wait - begin working for a non-profit

It can seem demeaning to have to go from working for a good salary to working for nothing. It’s still a good idea, though. A salary isn’t the only reason why being in a job keeps you feeling upbeat and confident. A thousand little things about getting up in the morning and heading off to a job keep you psychologically optimistic and healthy. You also manage to network, feel joy in helping people and lead a normal life. You do need to make sure that you don’t look for nonprofit work that lets you work from home. You need to get yourself out there.

It doesn’t matter if you have to fake it - project positivity

If you are downbeat and depressed, it can drive people away. People are drawn to those with an aura of energy and positivity. You have to try hard and fake it if you need. You will widen your network and attract more friends this way. One way to feel positive about your life would be to look at all that you’ve accomplished over the years. When you just lost a job, it can feel like you have nothing going for you. You need to remember, though, that you successfully held down a good job so far. You must have accomplishments to your name. Why else would an employer have hired you? You need to list those qualities and show yourself how your life has been a success.

Keep checking your LinkedIn profile

To keep an eye on who’s been checking out your LinkedIn profile can be a great morale booster. The idea that your profile is good enough to get perfect strangers to spend time looking through it can make you see how you’ve still got it.

As guardian of some of the world’s most trusted top level domains (TLDs), Verisign enables the invisible navigation that gets users where they want to go on the Internet. For more than 15 years, Verisign’s record of security, availability and reliability has helped to make .com and .net globally recognized and sought after, while helping organizations achieve their full potential through services that protect and scale their online activities. If it ends with .com or .net, it’s powered by Verisign. Verisign is always looking for exceptional, visionary, and enthusiastic people to join our dynamic team. Career opportunities exist in technology, operations, finance, legal, sales, and marketing. EEO/AA

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equal opportunity employment journal

May 2014

Looking at “Fastest Growing Careers” Lists? Here’s Why You Shouldn’t Be


by Aileen Maguire

verybody wonders what they should You May Not do for a career at some point in life. Like the Job Just because the job pays Looking at career resources is often well or makes an appearhelpful. One type of resource often consulted ance on a list as a fast-growis one of the many available “best careers” ing field does not mean that or “fastest-growing careers” lists. However, it’s a match for you. If you relying on these lists as your sole resource don’t like what you’re doing, it won’t matter how much when trying to find a career that’s right for you’re getting paid. Also, you you might not be the best idea. Here are five may obtain training or spend money on certificates or edureasons why. cation only to discover that you don’t like the job. That is money wasted instead of money earned. Shadow a job you haven’t done before or have little experience with to see if you like it before investing in education.

A Multidiscipline Consulting Engineering Firm with offices located across the US and abroad Since POWER Engineers began in 1976, we have grown into a flexible and progressive consulting engineering firm. We are a company of innovators. We encourage new ideas and fresh approaches and, most importantly, we strive to be our clients’ first choice. These traits and deep technical skill account for the mutual success of POWER and our clients. POWER Engineers, Inc. shall abide by the requirements of 41 CFR §§ 60-1.4(a), 60-300.5(a) and 60-741.5(a). These regulations prohibit discrimination against qualified individuals based on their status as protected veterans or individuals with disabilities, and prohibit discrimination against all individuals based on their race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. Moreover, these regulations require that covered prime contractors and subcontractors take affirmative action to employ and advance in employment individuals without regard to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, protected veteran status or disability.

For Career Opportunities visit

Statistics Change

The Standard of Global Excellence in Electronic Manufacturing Benchmark Electronics is a leading provider of electronic engineering and manufacturing services to OEMs of medical devices, industrial control equipment, instrumentation products, telecommunication equipment, and computers and related products for business enterprises. Benchmark provides comprehensive product design and manufacturing services, from initial concept to volume production and direct order fulfillment. Engineering services include industrial design, printed circuit board layout, prototyping, and specialized assembly & test equipment development. Benchmark carries a global presence with 24 plants in 8 countries, and is registered ISO 9001, TL 9000, ISO 13485, ISO 14001, AS 9100, ANSI/ESD 2020, ITAR and is FDA QSR registered. Benchmark is an equal opportunity employer and minorities, women, veterans and individuals with disabilities are strongly encouraged to apply. For additional information on job openings, please visit our website at:

Choosing a job because statistics show that it pays well or is expected to experience a large growth rate is not always a smart idea. Numbers and statistics as they relate to anything, particularly jobs and labor statistics, change very frequently. Even the Bureau of Labor Statistics updates their numbers every two years. If you’re choosing a profession that requires extensive schooling or education, the pay or growth rate could drop by the time you enter the workforce. If you selected the career field based solely on statistics, you would be in for a disappointment.

You Might Not Earn Enough

If looking at job growth as an indicator of whether or not a career is a good option has been your standard course of action, think again. Just because the growth rate for a job is high does not mean that the salary is. In fact, statistically speaking no correlation has been found or can be

May 2014 made between job growth and salary. While it may be helpful to see what the job growth rate is between two or more careers that you have already decided on, looking at the growth rate in and of itself is not a good starting point.

The Education Might Be Unattainable

It is very often the case that those jobs and careers listed as the fastest-growing or highest paying also require the most education. In fact, many of these jobs require masters, doctorates, and other higher degrees. If you don’t have the financial stability, time, or aptitude required to attain the educational standards associated with a certain profession, pursuing it may not be the best idea. Even jobs that say they only require a GED or a diploma often require higher education for those seeking any position higher than entry-level. Always fully research the educational requirements of not only entry-level positions, but also higher tier and management positions before jumping into a career field.

Growth Rate Is Not Always Adequately Explained

How growth rate is determined is not always explained to the general public. Let’s say you are considering a career that is projected to grow by 100 percent. By all accounts, that is a very high growth rate. However, that percentage is obtained by comparing a given year to another year that

equal opportunity employment journal is a decade away. In other words, if a job or career is expected to have a 100 percent growth rate, that means that between 2012 and 2022 the number of available jobs should essentially double. Put differently, if a job or career has 5000 openings in 2012, there will be 5000 more jobs available between 2012 and 2022. However, growth rates do not tell you how many job openings are currently available for a given career. If the career you are considering only has 100 available openings when you are looking into it, that means that only 100 jobs will be added in the next 10 years. It might be a 100 percent growth rate, but it does not translate into a booming field with thousands of openings. Always understand what it is you’re looking at when you are reviewing a list of statistics. Thoroughly research everything about a career before you embark on your journey towards it. Make sure that you can live on the salary of an entry-level worker, but that there is also room to grow and learn more as you move up the ranks. Always ensure that you thoroughly research what the job entails, and shadow somebody who currently does that job before you invest a large amount of time or money into obtaining it. Most importantly, the job that you are not happy with will never be worth the pay; choose a career that you are passionate about so you always love going to work in the morning. Article provided by

Page 51

Thoroughly research everything about a career before you embark on your journey towards it. Make sure that you can live on the salary of an entry-level worker, but that there is also room to grow and learn more as you move up the ranks.

Timken designs, engineers and manufactures products to keep machinery moving worldwide.

As one of the leading telecommunications companies in the area, Fidelity Communications Company recruits for a wide range of technical and related professional opportunities. Attracting and retaining top talent individuals, and rewarding them with compensation and recognition, are critical components of our corporate strategy. Our success depends on maintaining a highly-technical edge and enhancing the experience of our extremely talented employees in all fields. Please feel free to review the current job openings on our website at:

Fidelity Communications Company • 64 North Clark Street • Sullivan, MO 63080 Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity employer

If you’re ready for a challenging career that provides you with the ability to advance personally and professionally, look to Timken. Our associates truly make a difference, helping the world turn by developing innovations that improve performance in machinery on land, at sea and in space. All interested and qualified persons should use our online career tools to review and apply for employment opportunities.

The Timken Company is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

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equal opportunity employment journal

Village Hospital BL_0114

Exciting Opportunities

DO YOU WANT TO BE PART OF SOMETHING THAT COULD REDEFINE YOUR CAREER? Join the Village Hospital and be part of a unique facility devoted to quality patient care. It’s this patient-centered focus that led to a national award in patient room layout from the Center for Health Design. The Village Hospital, conveniently located in Greer, South Carolina, includes an emergency department, medical/surgical units with intensive care and more. Recognizing that quality patient care requires quality professionals, we offer competitive salary and benefit packages. Be a part of our innovative approach to health care at the Village Hospital. For more information or to apply, please call a hospital recruiter at 800-288-7762 or visit


May 2014


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