Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, May 2024

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MAY 2024
ATLANTA SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA | @AtlantaSymphony | MAY 2024 INTRODUCTIONS In Tune 4 Music Director 7 ASO Leadership ................... 8 ASO Musicians ................... 10 ASYO @ 50 14 Education Support 18 Donor Profile 21 NOTES ON THE PROGRAM Written by Noel Morris May 2, 4 24 May 9, 11 34 May 16, 18 46 DEPARTMENTS ASO Chorus 54 ASO Support ..................... 56 Henry Sopkin Circle 60 ASO Staff 61 Woodruff Circle 63 Benefactor Circle ................. 64 Page 14 ASYO @ 50 By Phil Kloer | 1


Brantley Manderson


Kelli Dill


Hila Johnson


Robert Viagas


Tamara Hooks


Jennifer Nelson

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As the spring flowers continue to bloom in Atlanta, so does the music-making in Symphony Hall. This month, there are many exciting things to celebrate at the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra.

May marks the official 50th Anniversary of the founding of the Atlanta Symphony Youth Orchestra.

Read more about this exceptional ensemble's history on page 14. Many of our alumni have gone on to impressive careers in music, on stage and off. A whopping eleven ASYO alumni have won blind auditions to play with the ASO. We couldn't be prouder of them and the ASYO.

We will mark the occasion with a special Anniversary Celebration Concert on May 11, featuring an alumni orchestra led by the founding Music Director of the ASYO, Michael Palmer, and Jere Flint, who led the orchestra for 35 years. Then the current ASYO will take the stage under the baton of current ASYO Music Director William R. Langley.

That same weekend, Music Director Laureate Robert Spano will return to conduct the Orchestra and pianist Garrick Ohlsson in Rachmaninoff’s towering Third Piano Concerto. The program also includes two pieces by living composers, Jennifer Higdon and Adam Schoenberg. The following weekend Robert will conduct the world premiere of a work commissioned from Jonathan Leshnoff, paired with Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring.

Thank you to all who attended the 2024 ASO Gala last month. The evening was perfect, and thanks to our generous donors and Gala Chair Sheila Lee Davies, we raised a record sum — more than $1 million to support the Orchestra’s education and community initiatives. With these funds, we can help ensure that future generations of students can continue to benefit from programs such as the ASYO. Here’s to another 50 years of success!

With gratitude, | @AtlantaSymphony |
TODD HALL | encore 4


Named “Best Conductor of the Year” at the 2024 Oper! Awards, Nathalie Stutzmann has been the Music Director of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra since 2022 and is the second woman in history to lead a major American orchestra. She is also the Principal Guest Conductor of The Philadelphia Orchestra.

Nathalie made big news in the opera pit in 2023 with her debut in Wagner’s Tannhäuser at the Bayreuth Festival. She also made “a splashy debut” and “the coup of the year” (The New York Times) with her unanimously acclaimed double debuts at the Metropolitan Opera.

Highlights of her 2023/24 season with the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra include a Bruckner festival to celebrate the composer’s 200th anniversary, collaborations with soloists such as Renée Fleming, Maria João Pires, and Daniil Trifonov, recording projects for Warner/Erato, and a tour in California. With The Philadelphia Orchestra, she will lead two weeks of programs, including her conducting debut at Carnegie Hall.

As a guest conductor this season, she has made debuts with the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and Teatro Regio Torino. She returned to the London Symphony Orchestra for a Bruckner celebration week. Throughout the season, Nathalie has had a strong presence at the Philharmonie Paris where she has appeared with the Orchestre de Paris and Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse, and also chaired the jury for the La Maestra Conducting Competition. During the summer of 2024, she will head back to the Bayreuth

Awarded the 2023 Opus Klassik “Concert Recording of the Year” for her recording of both the Glière and Mosolov Harp Concertos with Xavier de Maistre and WDR Sinfonieorchester, Nathalie also released in 2022 the complete Beethoven Piano Concertos recorded with Haochen Zhang and The Philadelphia Orchestra. Nathalie is an exclusive recording artist of Warner/Erato.

Nathalie started her studies at a very young age in piano, bassoon, and cello and studied conducting with the legendary Finnish teacher Jorma Panula. As one of today’s most esteemed contraltos, she has made more than 80 recordings and received the most prestigious awards. Recognized for her significant contribution to the arts, Nathalie was named “Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur”, France’s highest honor; and “Commandeur dans l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres” by the French government. | 7

ASO | LEADERSHIP | 2023/24 Board of Directors


Patrick Viguerie chair

Janine Brown immediate past chair

Bert Mills treasurer

Angela Evans secretary

Susan Antinori vice chair

Lynn Eden vice chair

James Rubright vice chair DIRECTORS

Phyllis Abramson

Keith Adams

Juliet M. Allan

Susan Antinori

Andrew Bailey

Jennifer Barlament*

Keith Barnett

Paul Blackney

Zachary Boeding*

Janine Brown

Benjamin Q. Brunt

Betsy Camp

S. Wright Caughman, M.D.

Lisa Chang

Susan Clare

Russell Currey

Sheila Lee Davies

Carlos del Rio, M.D. FIDSA

Lisa DiFrancesco, M.D.

Lynn Eden

Yelena Epova

Angela Evans

Craig Frankel

Sally Bogle Gable

Anne Game

Rod Garcia-Escudero

Sally Frost George

Robert Glustrom

Bonnie B. Harris

Charles Harrison

Tad Hutcheson, Jr.

Roya Irvani

Joia M. Johnson

Chris Kopecky

Carrie Kurlander

Scott Lampert

James H. Landon

Donna Lee

Sukai Liu

Kevin Lyman

Deborah Marlowe

Shelley McGehee

Arthur Mills IV

Bert Mills

Molly Minnear

Hala Moddelmog*

Anne Morgan

Terence L. Neal

Galen Lee Oelkers

Dr. John Paddock

Margie Painter

Howard D. Palefsky

Doug Reid

James Rubright


Neil Berman

Rita Bloom

John W. Cooledge, M.D.

John R. Donnell, Jr.

Jere A. Drummond

Carla Fackler

Charles B. Ginden

John T. Glover

Dona Humphreys

Aaron J. Johnson, Jr.

James F. Kelley

Patricia Leake

Karole F. Lloyd

Meghan H. Magruder


Howell E. Adams, Jr.

Connie Calhoun

C. Merrell Calhoun

Azira G. Hill

Penelope McPhee

Patricia H. Reid

Joyce Schwob

John A Sibley, III

H. Hamilton Smith

G. Kimbrough Taylor, Jr.

Michael W. Trapp

Ben F. Johnson, III

John B. White, Jr.

Ravi Saligram

William Schultz

V Scott

Charles Sharbaugh

Fahim Siddiqui

W. Ross Singletary, II

John Sparrow

Elliott Tapp

Brett Tarver

Valerie Thadhani

Maria Todorova

S. Patrick Viguerie

Kathy Waller

Chris Webber

Richard S. White, Jr.

Mack Wilbourn

Kevin E. Woods, M.D., M.P.H.

Ray Uttenhove

Chilton Varner

Adair M. White

Sue Sigmon Williams | @AtlantaSymphony |
*Ex-Officio Board Member | encore 8

ASO | 2023/24 Musician Roster

Nathalie Stutzmann

music director

The Robert Reid Topping Chair


David Coucheron concertmaster

The Mr. & Mrs. Howard R. Peevy Chair

Justin Bruns associate concertmaster

The Charles McKenzie Taylor Chair

Vacant assistant concertmaster

Jun-Ching Lin assistant concertmaster

Anastasia Agapova acting assistant concertmaster

Kevin Chen

Carolyn Toll Hancock

The Wells Fargo Chair

John Meisner

Christopher Pulgram

Juan R. Ramírez Hernández

Olga Shpitko

Kenn Wagner

Lisa Wiedman Yancich

Sissi Yuqing Zhang


Judith Cox

Raymond Leung

The Carolyn McClatchey Chair

Sanford Salzinger


Vacant principal

The Atlanta Symphony Associates Chair

Sou-Chun Su

acting / associate principal

The Frances Cheney Boggs Chair

Jay Christy acting associate / assistant principal

Dae Hee Ahn

Robert Anemone

Noriko Konno Clift

David Dillard

Eun Young Jung

Eleanor Kosek

Yaxin Tan

Rachel Ostler


Zhenwei Shi principal

The Edus H. & Harriet H.

Warren Chair

Paul Murphy

associate principal

The Mary & Lawrence Gellerstedt Chair

Catherine Lynn assistant principal

Marian Kent

Yang-Yoon Kim

Yiyin Li

Lachlan McBane

Jessica Oudin

Madeline Sharp


Vacant principal

The Miriam & John Conant Chair

Daniel Laufer

acting / associate principal

The Livingston Foundation Chair

Karen Freer

acting associate / assistant principal

Thomas Carpenter

Joel Dallow

The UPS Foundation Chair

Ray Kim

Isabel Kwon

Nathan Mo

Brad Ritchie

Denielle Wilson


Joseph McFadden principal

The Marcia & John Donnell Chair

Gloria Jones Allgood associate principal

The Lucy R. & Gary Lee Jr. Chair

Karl Fenner

Michael Kenady

The Jane Little Chair

Michael Kurth

Nicholas Scholefield

Daniel Tosky


Christina Smith principal

The Jill Hertz Chair

The Mabel Dorn Reeder

Honorary Chair

Robert Cronin

associate principal

C. Todd Skitch

Gina Hughes


Gina Hughes


Elizabeth Koch Tiscione principal

The George M. & Corrie Hoyt Brown Chair | @AtlantaSymphony |
Players in string
are listed alphabetically
| encore 10

William R. Langley associate conductor & atlanta symphony youth orchestra music director

The Zeist Foundation Chair

Zachary Boeding associate principal

The Kendeda Fund Chair

Samuel Nemec*

Jonathan Gentry

Emily Brebach


Emily Brebach


Jesse McCandless principal

The Robert Shaw Chair

Ted Gurch* associate principal

Marci Gurnow

acting associate principal

Julianna Darby

Alcides Rodriguez


Ted Gurch*


Alcides Rodriguez


Vacant principal

The Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Foundation Chair

Anthony Georgeson

acting / associate principal

Laura Najarian

Juan de Gomar


Juan de Gomar

Norman Mackenzie director of choruses

The Frannie & Bill Graves Chair


Ryan Little principal

The Betty Sands Fuller Chair

Kimberly Gilman

Jack Bryant

Bruce Kenney


Vacant principal

The Madeline & Howell

Adams Chair

Michael Tiscione

acting / associate principal

Mark Maliniak

acting / associate principal

Anthony Limoncelli*

William Cooper

Ian Mertes


Vacant principal

The Terence L. Neal Chair, Honoring his dedication & service to the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra

Nathan Zgonc

acting / associate principal

The Home Depot Veterans Chair

Jason Patrick Robins


Chance Gompert

Jordan Milek Johnson Fellow


Michael Moore principal

The Delta Air Lines Chair '

Joshua Williams fellow

Zeist Foundation ASO Fellowship Chair


Mark Yancich principal

The Walter H. Bunzl Chair

Michael Stubbart assistant principal


Joseph Petrasek principal

The Julie & Arthur Montgomery Chair

Michael Jarrett assistant principal

The William A. Schwartz Chair

Michael Stubbart

The Connie & Merrell

Calhoun Chair


Elisabeth Remy Johnson principal

The Sally & Carl Gable Chair


The Hugh & Jessie Hodgson

Memorial Chair

Peter Marshall †

Sharon Berenson †


Joshua Luty principal

The Marianna & Solon

Patterson Chair

Sara Baguyos associate principal librarian


Neil and Sue Williams Chair

‡ Rotates between sections | * Leave of absence | † Regularly engaged musician | 11

Members of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra

The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Advisory Council is a group of passionate & engaged individuals who act as both ambassadors & resources for the ASO Board & staff. The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra extends heartfelt gratitude to the members

2023/24 CHAIRS

Jane Morrison advisory council chair

Justin Im internal connections task force co-chair

Robert Lewis, Jr. internal connections task force co-chair

Frances Root patron experience task force chair

Eleina Raines diversity & community connections task force co-chair

Otis Threatt diversity & community connections task force co-chair


Dr. Marshall & Stephanie Abes

Krystal Ahn

Paul & Melody Aldo

Kristi & Aadu Allpere

Evelyn Babey

Asad & Sakina Bashey

Herschel Beazley

Meredith W. Bell

John Blatz

Carol Brantley & David Webster

Johanna Brookner

Mrs. Amy B. Cheng and Dr. Chad A. Hume,


Tracey Chu

Donald & Barbara Defoe

Paul & Susan Dimmick

Bernadette Drankoski

John & Catherine Fare Dyer

Mary Ann Flinn

Bruce Flower

Annie Frazer

John Fuller

Alex Garcias

Dr. Paul Gilreath

Tucker Green

Mary Elizabeth Gump

Elizabeth Hendrick

Caroline Hofland

Justin Im

Baxter Jones & Jiong Yan

Lana Jordan

Jon Kamenear

Rosthema Kastin

Brian & Ann Kimsey

Jason & Michelle Kroh

Dr. Fulton Lewis III & Mr. Neal Rhoney

Robert Lewis, Jr.

Eunice Luke

Erin Marshall

Belinda Massafra

Doug and Kathrin


Ed and Linda McGinn

Erica McVicker

Berthe & Shapour


Bert Mobley

Caroline & Phil Moïse

Sue Morgan

Jane Morrison

Gary Noble

Regina Olchowski

Bethani Oppenheimer

Chris Owes

Ralph Paulk

Ann & FayPearce

Eliza Quigley

Eleina Raines

Leonard Reed

Dr. Jay & Kimberley


Vicki Riedel

Felicia Rives

David Rock

Frances A. Root

Tiffany & Rich Rosetti

Thomas & Lynne Saylor

Beverly & Milton Shlapak

Suzanne Shull

Baker Smith

Cindy Smith

Victoria Smith

Peter & Kristi


Tom & Ani Steele

Kimberly Strong

Beth and Edward Sugarman

Stephen & Sonia Swartz

George & Amy Taylor

Bob & Dede Thompson

Otis Threatt Jr.

Cathy Toren

Roxanne Varzi

Robert & Amy Vassey

Juliana Vincenzino

Nanette Wenger

Christopher Wilbanks

Kiki Wilson

Taylor Winn

Camille Yow

For more information about becoming an Advisory Council member, please contact Cheri Snyder at or 404.733.4904. | @AtlantaSymphony |

There are many paths to a seat in the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. For ten of the current members, an important point on that path was the Atlanta Symphony Youth Orchestra, celebrating its 50th anniversary this year.

Founded in 1974 as a subsidiary of the ASO (which itself began as a youth ensemble), the ASYO has shaped and elevated the music education of more than 2,500 young musicians, continually passing musical torches from one generation to the next.

Metro Atlanta students in grades 8 through 12 audition for places in the ASYO, just as musicians do for the ASO. Many veteran musicians serve as coaches and mentors for the budding musicians, creating an ecosystem where, in some cases, students and teachers may eventually be peers, playing alongside one another in Symphony Hall.

Ray Kim, an ASYO cellist in 2008 who is now in his first season as an ASO cellist, looks back: “I remember telling my teacher [ASO associate principal cellist] Daniel Laufer, you know it would be my dream to come back to Atlanta and then share the stage with you.

“And that’s what happened. Every week it’s a treat knowing that I used to come here as a kid, and now I get to share the stage with these musicians.

“It’s a whole circle moment.”

The ASYO started in 1974 under the baton of Michael Palmer, who turned over leadership in 1979 to Jere Flint. Flint in turn had amazing longevity and influence on the podium, serving as music director for 35 years, 1979-2014. Subsequent music directors have included Sung Kwak, Joseph Young, Stephen Mulligan, Jerry Hou, and the current AYSO music director, William “Buddy” Langley.

Like Kim, percussionist Michael Jarrett played in the ASYO under Flint and is now in his first season at the ASO.

“I wasn’t too sure what a career in classical music would look like,” Jarrett says. “But then I got the vibe it was a really cool way to make a living. I met with ASO percussionist Charles Settle and got lessons | 15

from him. I went to his house and met his wife and remember their house feeling very inviting. I thought, ‘Wow, you can play in an orchestra and have this kind of lifestyle.’”

Jarrett and Kim, both ASYO alumnae from Cobb County in their debut ASO seasons, nevertheless had very different early musical lives.

Kim grew up in South Korea, learning both English and cello, but became disenchanted with what he calls the “abusive culture” of formal music instruction there. He quit playing cello, and in 2006 his parents sent him to live with a family in Cobb County and attend the private Dominion Christian School to immerse himself in American culture.

Jarrett, meanwhile, got his first drum set when he was about 10. The first song he learned was that gateway drug for young drummers, Queen’s “We Will Rock You,” but he was soon learning jazz drumming and other styles.

He played snare drum in the Pope High School marching band and auditioned for the ASYO his junior year but was not selected. He auditioned again in his senior year in 2009 and joined the ASYO.

“It was like being in the same stadium as the big league players,” he says. “In high school in band, we typically don’t get to play orchestral works. Just to be exposed to the big orchestral repertoire like Tchaikovsky’s Fourth Symphony was really impactful.”

Jarrett, a two-time winner of the Atlanta Symphony Modern Snare Drum Competition, earned degrees from the Cleveland Institute of Music and the Manhattan School of Music and was a percussionist with the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra before successfully auditioning for the ASO. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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Kim’s path eventually found him rediscovering his love for the cello in his new life in Marietta, and he auditioned for the ASYO his senior year.

“It was my first time rehearsing weekly with people who shared a common goal,” he says.

“You could feel that everyone was there because they loved playing music, and it made me very happy.”

Kim went on to study at the Cleveland Institute of Music, the Eastman School of Music, and the University of Texas, where he earned a Doctor of Musical Arts degree. He was required as a South Korean citizen to serve in the South Korean Army in 2020, but his musical ability served him well and he wound up in the Army band, where he learned trombone.

The ASYO teaches more than technical skills on specific instruments, Kim says. “I learned that you’re not here to play your part. You’re here to make music together as a group. And if you don’t know your part then you’re not only not helping yourself but you’re also not helping your group.

“You are responsible for your part of the greater good.” | 17

The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra is grateful to the generous donors who support our Education & Community Engagement Initiatives. The following list represents gifts of $500 or more made since June 1, 2022 in support of the Talent Development Program & the Orchestra’s other education & community programs.



Paul M. Angell Family Foundation

The Molly Blank Fund

City of Atlanta Mayor's Office of Cultural Affairs

The Coca-Cola Company


A Friend of the Symphony

John & Juliet Allan

Alston & Bird LLP

Mr. Keith Barnett


Cadence Bank Foundation

Costco Wholesale

Council for Quality Growth

Elaine & Erroll Davis


A Friend of the Symphony (2)

Azalea City Chapter of Links

George & Gloria Brooks

Jacqueline A. & Joseph E. Brown, Jr.

Ned Cone & Nadeen Green

Mrs. Nancy Cooke


Johnnie Booker

Castellini Foundation

Liz & Charlie Cohn

John L. Cromartie II

Mr. & Mrs. Reade Fahs

Sharon, Lindsay and Gordon


KS Ford

Shirley C. Franklin

Delta Air Lines

Lettie Pate Evans Foundation

Georgia Council for the Arts

Georgia Power

The Goizueta Foundation

Graphic Packaging

The Home Depot Foundation

Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Foundation

Charles Loridans Foundation, Inc.

Amy W. Norman Charitable Foundation


The Zeist Foundation, Inc.

Ernst & Young

Fulton County Arts & Culture

Jeannette Guarner, MD &

Carlos del Rio, MD

The Gable Foundation


The Livingston Foundation, Inc.

Norfolk Southern

Porsche Cars North America, Inc.

Mr. David L. Forbes

Azira G. Hill

International Women’s Forum

Cameron Jackson

Mona & Gilbert Kelly

Donna Lee & Howard Ehni

Ms. Helen Motamen and Mr. Deepak Shenoy

Mary C. Gramling

Charles Ginden

Mr. and Mrs. Mike Griffin

Mrs. Elice D. Haverty

Bill & Kathy Lamar

Ms. Malinda C. Logan

Alan and Amy Manno

John & Linda Matthews

Drs. Price & Jacqueline Michael

Ms. Sharon A. Pauli

Publix Super Markets Charities

The Mark & Evelyn Trammell Foundation

Thomas & Lynne Saylor

The Scott Hudgens Family Foundation

Slumgullion Charitable Fund

Universal Music Group-Task Force For Meaningful Change

Drs. Kevin & Kalinda Woods

Margaret H. Petersen

Ponce de Leon Music Store

Patty & Doug Reid

Cammie & John Rice

The Society, Inc.

TEGNA Foundation

Dr. Brenda G. Turner

Ms. Sonia Witkowski

John and Monica Pearson

Ms. Felicia Rives

Ms. Donata Russell Ross

Dr. La Tanya & Mr. Earl R. Sharpe

Ms. Fawn M. Shelton

Mr. and Mrs. Michael Stinson

Ms. Juliana Taylor

Ms. Mary A. Valdecanas | @AtlantaSymphony |
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LLillian Kim Ivansco and the ASYO: “Because Music Matters”

illian Kim Ivansco played violin in the Atlanta Symphony Youth Orchestra for four seasons, then went on to earn degrees at Yale University and Emory Medical School, becoming a radiologist. The connection is important: “If you grow up with the kind of discipline and rigor it takes to succeed in music, you can absolutely apply that to medicine as well.”

The ASYO, which celebrates its 50th anniversary this month, provides Atlanta’s most talented and dedicated high school students with unique training and performance opportunities.

This season Lillian’s son, Daniel, was accepted into the ASYO. An eighth grader, Daniel is a cellist. “I’m thrilled that he gets to share the same experience that I had.”

Lillian and her husband, photographer Joey Ivansco, are ASO Annual Fund donors. They give, Lillian explained, “because music matters, because classical music especially matters: it enriches our lives. We are so lucky to live in a city | 21

We are deeply grateful to the following leadership donors whose generous support has made the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra's season possible. | 23

Concerts of Thursday, May 2, 2024 at 8:00 PM

Saturday, May 4, 2024 at 8:00 PM




Concerto for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 13 (rev. 1945) 34 MINS

I. Toccata: Allegro molto e con brio

II. Waltz: Allegretto

III. Impromptu: Andante lento (attaca)

IV. March: Allegro moderato - sempre alla marcia



Symphony No. 2 in E minor, Op. 27 (1907) 60 MINS

I. Largo. Allegro moderato

II. Allegro molto

III. Adagio

IV. Allegro vivace

The use of cameras or recording devices during the concert is strictly prohibited. Please be kind to those around you and silence your mobile phone and other hand-held devices. | @AtlantaSymphony |
| may2/4 24

At nineteen, Benjamin Britten dropped out of the Royal College of Music. He had already been a composer for fourteen years and felt his professors held him back. He had no trouble finding a job.

First and most recent ASO performances:

January 23-26, 2014

Robert Spano, conductor

Wu Han, piano

“1936 . . . finds me earning my living . . . at the G.P.O. [General Post Office] Film Unit under John Grierson and Cavalcanti, writing music and supervising sounds for films,” he wrote. (The G.P.O. administered the nascent telecommunications industry in the U.K.)

Paying £5 per week, the G.P.O. offered the perfect incubator for a young composer. The filmmakers asked for orchestral music, and Britten got to hone his craft. He also began a fruitful collaboration with poet W. H. Auden.

Britten’s star rose in June 1937 when conductor Boyd Neel got into a bind: Neel had promised to present a new English work at the Salzburg Festival in August, but he hadn’t hired a composer.

“I suddenly thought of Britten (till then hardly known outside inner musical circles),” Neel said, “because I had noticed his extraordinary speed of composition during some film work.” Paying homage to a former teacher, Britten sketched his Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge in just ten days. The piece became his first major success.

1937 proved significant for other reasons: Britten met Peter Pears, who would later become his life partner, and he lost a central figure in his world.

Biographer Neil Powell described Edith Britten as a doting, possessive, and obsessively pushy mother. From the time Ben was small, she believed he would be a great composer and arranged his affairs accordingly. Her death left a yawning gap in his life. When he received an inheritance from selling her house, he moved back to his native Suffolk. He purchased an abandoned mill overlooking the village of Snape and, over the next eight months, converted it into a residence with an adjacent cottage for his housemate, composer Lennox Berkeley. During that time, the 24-year-old composer agreed to write a piano concerto for the BBC Proms concerts at Queen’s Hall. He also agreed to be the solo pianist.

Amid the chaos of sorting out his mother’s estate, moving, and


overseeing construction, Britten made a slow start on his concerto. Across the English Channel, the rise of Adolf Hitler added to the disquiet. Britten wrote, “War within a month at least, I suppose & end to all this pleasure—end of Snape, end of concerto, friends, work, love.” Indeed, war was coming, but not yet.

Britten moved into the Old Mill (now a B & B) in April, with most of the concerto unfinished. The loss of his mother seems to have eased the way to another milestone: In July, he reconnected with an old acquaintance named Wulff Scherchen and fell into a steamy affair— his first relationship. Meanwhile, he slogged away at the concerto. With the premiere fast approaching, Proms conductor Henry Wood grew antsy.

Britten wrote to his friend and publisher Ralph Hawkes, “I wonder if you could use your tact & keep him quiet for a week or two to give me time to finish the sketch, prepare the two-piano version, & practice the damn thing.”

Cutting it close, the composer finished the Piano Concerto in Snape on July 26, 1938. The first rehearsal took place on August 5th and debuted on August 18th. In 1945, the composer revised the piece, swapping out the third movement, Recitative and Aria, for a new piece called Impromptu. Britten dedicated the concerto to his housemate, Lennox Berkeley.

First ASO performance:

November 24, 1953

Henry Sopkin, conductor

Most recent ASO performances:

March 1-3, 2018

Edo de Waart, conductor

Rachmaninoff Symphony No. 2

By his thirtieth birthday, Sergei Rachmaninoff was among Russia’s most prominent musicians. As a teenager, he had written two works (a piano concerto and an opera) that wowed the musical establishment. He soon proved to be a natural conductor and an unrivaled pianist. The only itch he hadn’t scratched was his desire to be a successful symphonist. At twenty-two, he wrote his First Symphony, which nearly ruined him. Some blame the orchestra. Others point to the alleged drunkenness of the conductor. Whatever the reason, the premiere of his First Symphony was a disaster, and the criticism proved toxic. Rachmaninoff grew to hate the piece and sank into depression. For three years, he didn’t write a note. Then, in 1900, a doctor used hypnosis to guide him out of his malaise. Once again, the creative juices began to stir, and Rachmaninoff wrote the wildly popular Piano Concerto No. 2. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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ON SALE NOW MAY 30/ JUN 1 JUN 6/8 JUN 13/15/ 16

Over the coming years, he ascended the ranks of Russia’s elite musicians. In 1904, he signed a contract as conductor at the Imperial Opera at the Bolshoi Theater. At the same time, he worked on two operas of his own.

Rachmaninoff wanted to write music. And as long as he filled his time with other people’s music, he couldn't write. He longed for solitude as people hounded him for his time and talent. Meanwhile, civil unrest led to the failed 1905 Russian Revolution.

In 1906, after two seasons at the Bolshoi, Rachmaninoff packed up his wife and daughter and escaped the Moscow concert season, settling in Dresden for the winter.

“We live here like real hermits,” he wrote. “We see no one, we know no one, we go nowhere. I work a great deal and feel very well.”

Always a private man, Rachmaninoff wrote to a friend, “Not a single soul must know what I write to you now.” He went on to describe the music that was rattling around in his head, including a piano sonata, the opera Monna Vanna (unfinished), and his Second Symphony.

It had been almost ten years since the fiasco with his First Symphony. And he returned to the genre with confidence and authority. The Symphony No. 2 is a large-scale piece, lasting about an hour: the lush scoring and richly Romantic melodies belie the taut craftsmanship of its construction.

As was typical of the composer, he derived thematic material from the Dies Irae (Day of Wrath), a piece of plainchant from the Latin Mass for the Dead. Though he remained Russian Orthodox, this Roman Catholic antiquity appears almost like a calling card in many of his works. You’ll hear the theme sounding in the horns at the second movement's opening.

Rachmaninoff conducted the premier in 1908 at the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, receiving thundering applause. Soon, authorities awarded him the coveted Glinka Prize. In subsequent decades, during an era of musical experimentation, the symphony suffered brutal editing by conductors who saw the piece as a lightweight vehicle for Hollywood-style tunes. (Some performances lasted as little as thirty-five minutes.) These days, most maestros perform the piece intact, in deference to the intensely integrated work of a master clockmaker. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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Dmitry Matvienko is the winner of the 2021 edition of the prestigious Malko Competition for Young Conductors with First prize and Audience prize. Previously, he was awarded the Critics and the Made in Italy prizes at the International Conducting Competition Guido Cantelli.

He has been appointed Chief Conductor of Aarhus Symphony Orchestra starting in the 2024/25 season.

He received his first music lessons at the age of six and went on to study choral conducting at the St. Petersburg Conservatory.

He was a member of the MusicAeterna Choir at the Perm Opera and Ballet Theatre under the artistic direction of Teodor Currentzis from 2012 to 2013. In the following years, he studied conducting at the Moscow Conservatory.

In 2017, Matvienko became a member of the conductor internship program of the National Philharmonic Orchestra of Russia (chief conductor Vladimir Spivakov). He assisted and prepared several programs for chief conductor Vladimir Jurowski, Vasily Petrenko and Michail Jurowski with Svetlanov Symphony Orchestra.

While conducting concerts with the Svetlanov Symphony, the National Philharmonic of Russia, the New Russia State Symphony Orchestra and the Moscow Chamber Orchestra “Musica Viva”, Dmitry conducted revivals of Prince Igor, Faust, Iolanta, La Traviata, The Tsar's Bride, The Firebird, and Verdi's Requiem at the National Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre of Belarus.

During previous seasons he conducted prestigious orchestras such as Orchestra del Teatro Carlo Felice Genova, Orchestre Philarmonique de Monte-Carlo, Orchestra Teatro Comunale Bologna, Orchestra Teatro Regio Torino, National Orchestra of Russia, Bergen Philharmonic, Adelaide Symphony Orchestra, Danish National Symphony Orchestra, and Iceland Symphony Orchestra.

He made his Italian operatic debut at the Teatro dell’ Opera in Rome, leading the Italian premiere of Warlikowski’s successful production of From the House of the Dead. | @AtlantaSymphony | | meettheartists


Pianist Yeol Eum Son, born in South Korea, is renowned for her exceptional artistry and captivating performances. Yeol Eum has captivated audiences worldwide with her boundless artistic exploration and profound musicality, establishing herself as one of the foremost pianists of her generation.

Yeol Eum's artistry is underpinned by breathtaking technical prowess and a deep emotional connection to the music she interprets. She possesses an insatiable curiosity that drives her to explore a diverse range of musical genres and styles, always striving to reveal the pure essence of each piece.

Her extensive repertoire spans classical masterpieces by composers such as Bach and Mozart to contemporary works by Shchedrin and Kapustin, chosen for their quality and depth. Yeol Eum Son is highly sought after as a recitalist, concerto soloist, and chamber musician, earning critical acclaim for her intelligent interpretations.

Throughout the 2022-23 season, Yeol Eum served as an Artist-inResidence with the Residentie Orkest in The Hague, performing works by Mozart, Gershwin, Saint-Saëns, and Ravel. She made impressive debut appearances with renowned orchestras worldwide, including the BBC National Orchestra of Wales, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, and Detroit Symphony Orchestra. Her international reach extends to collaborations with esteemed orchestras like the Konzerthaus Orchestra Berlin, BBC Philharmonic, and Budapest Festival Orchestra.

Yeol Eum Son's discography features a range of remarkable recordings, including Mozart's Complete Piano Sonatas, which were hailed as Classic FM's Album of the Week in March 2023. Her discography also includes works by Berg, Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Ravel, and Schumann. | 33

Concerts of Thursday, May 9, 2024 at 8:00 PM

Saturday, May 11, 2024 at 8:00 PM

ROBERT SPANO, conductor



blue cathedral (2000) 12 MINS


Picture Studies (2012) 27 MINS

I. Intro

II. Three Pierrots

III. Repetition

IV. Olive Orchard

V. Kandinsky

VI. Calder's World

VII. Miró

VIII. Interlude

IX. Cliffs of Moher

X. Pigeons in Flight



Concerto No. 3 for Piano and Orchestra in D minor, Op. 30 (1909) 39 MINS

I. Allegro ma non tanto

II. Intermezzo: Adagio

III. Finale: Alla breve

The use of cameras or recording devices during the concert is strictly prohibited. Please be kind to those around you and silence your mobile phone and other hand-held devices. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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blue cathedral by Jennifer Higdon

About the composer

First ASO performances:

May 9-11, 2002, Robert Spano, conductor

ennifer Higdon is one of America’s most acclaimed and most frequently performed living composers. She is a major figure in contemporary classical music, receiving the 2010 Pulitzer Prize in Music for her Violin Concerto, a 2010 Grammy® for her Percussion Concerto, a 2018 Grammy® for her Viola Concerto, and a 2020 Grammy® for her Harp Concerto. In 2018, Higdon received the Nemmers Prize from Northwestern University, which is given to contemporary classical composers of exceptional achievement who have significantly influenced the field of composition.

Most recent ASO performances:

April 28-30, 2011, Robert Spano, conductor

Most recently, the recording of Higdon's Percussion Concerto was inducted into the Library of Congress National Recording Registry. Higdon enjoys several hundred performances a year of her works, and blue cathedral is today’s most performed contemporary orchestral work, with more than 600 performances worldwide.

Her works have been recorded on more than seventy CDs. Higdon’s first opera, Cold Mountain, won the prestigious International Opera Award for Best World Premiere and the opera recording was nominated for two Grammy® awards. Her music is published exclusively by Lawdon Press.

From the composer

Blue…like the sky. Where all possibilities soar. Cathedrals…a place of thought, growth, spiritual expression…serving as a symbolic doorway into and out of this world. Blue represents all potential and the progression of journeys. Cathedrals represent a place of beginnings, endings, solitude, fellowship, contemplation, knowledge and growth.

As I was writing this piece, I found myself imagining a journey through a glass cathedral in the sky. Because the walls would be transparent, I saw the image of clouds and blueness permeating from the outside of this church. In my mind's eye, the listener would enter from the back of the sanctuary, floating along the corridor amongst giant crystal pillars, moving in a contemplative stance. The stained glass windows' figures would start moving with song, singing a heavenly music. The listener would float down the aisle, slowly moving upward at first and then progressing at a quicker pace, rising towards an immense ceiling which would open to the sky…

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as this journey progressed, the speed of the traveler would increase, rushing forward and upward.

I wanted to create the sensation of contemplation and quiet peace at the beginning, moving towards the feeling of celebration and ecstatic expansion of the soul, all the while singing along with that heavenly music.

These were my thoughts when The Curtis Institute of Music commissioned me to write a work to commemorate its 75th anniversary. Curtis is a house of knowledge—a place to reach towards that beautiful expression of the soul which comes through music.

I began writing this piece at a unique juncture in my life and found myself pondering the question of what makes a life. The recent loss of my younger brother, Andrew Blue, made me reflect on the amazing journeys that we all make in our lives, crossing paths with so many individuals singularly and collectively, learning and growing each step of the way.

This piece represents the expression of the individual and the group… our inner travels and the places our souls carry us, the lessons we learn, and the growth we experience. In tribute to my brother, I feature solos for the clarinet (the instrument he played) and the flute (the instrument I play). Because I am the older sibling, it is the flute that appears first in this dialog. At the end of the work, the two instruments continue their dialogue, but it is the flute that drops out and the clarinet that continues on in the upward progressing journey. This is a story that commemorates living and passing through places of knowledge and of sharing and of that song called life.

About the composer

Emmy Award-winning and Grammy®-nominated Adam Schoenberg (b. November 15, 1980) has twice been named among the top ten most performed living composers by orchestras in the United States. His works have received performances and premieres at the Library of Congress, Kennedy Center, New York Philharmonic, The Cleveland Orchestra, Dallas Symphony Orchestra, and Hollywood Bowl.

Schoenberg has received commissions from several major American orchestras, including the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra (Up! and La Luna Azul), Kansas City Symphony (American Symphony and Picture Studies), Los Angeles Philharmonic and Aspen Music Festival | @AtlantaSymphony |
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These are the first ASO performances.

and School (Bounce), San Francisco Symphony (Losing Earth), and Louisville Orchestra (Automation).

Adam Schoenberg has received two 2018 Grammy® Award nominations, including Best Contemporary Classical Composition for Picture Studies.

A graduate of Oberlin Conservatory of Music, Schoenberg earned his Master’s and Doctor of Musical Arts degrees from The Juilliard School, where he studied with John Corigliano.

He is currently a professor at Occidental College. He makes his home in Los Angeles with his wife, screenwriter Janine Salinas Schoenberg, and their two sons, Luca and Leo.

From the Composer

In November of 2011, I received a commission from the Kansas City Symphony and the Nelson-Atkins Museum to write a 21st-century Pictures at an Exhibition. After conceptualizing the piece for six months, and visiting the Nelson-Atkins on three different occasions, I decided to compose a series of studies.

My main objective was to create an architectural structure that connected each movement to the next while creating an overall arc for the entire piece. The outcome is Picture Studies, a 26-minute work for orchestra based on four paintings, three photographs, and one sculpture.

The following impromptu notes were jotted down from initial impressions and repeated viewings of the artwork, after my selections had been made. These original notes helped dictate the form, style, and musical arc of each movement, and ultimately the entire piece.

I. Intro: Ghost-like piano theme (using the piano to pay respect to Mussorgsky) that transports the listener to the inside of the Nelson-Atkins Museum.

II. Three Pierrots (based on Albert Bloch’s painting, Die Drei Pierrots Nr. 2): Comedic, naïve, and excited. A triad will represent the three Pierrots, and throughout the movement, the triad will be turned upside down, on its side, and twisted in every possible way. The form will be through composed. End big.

III. Repetition (based on Kurt Baasch’s photograph, Repetition): Four figures walking, and each person is clearly in his or her own world. The idea of repetition can lend itself to an ostinato. This is a photograph, a slice of life, and represents only one moment in time. Take this concept of time and manipulate it. Change the

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scenery (lighting, shade, color), so to speak, with a shutter click before returning to its original state. ABA form with an abrupt switch to B to represent the shutter click.

IV. Olive Orchard (Vincent Van Goh’s [sic] painting, Olive Orchard): Extended impressionism. Colorful, full of love. Perhaps a meeting place for two lovers. Start thin, gradually build to an expansive texture, end colorful. ABC (C references A to show the organic growth of the piece).

V. Kandinsky (Wassily Kandinsky’s painting, Rose with Gray): Geometrically fierce, angular, sharp, jagged, violent, jumpy, and complex. A battleground. Mustard yellow, encapsulates a sustained intensity. Block structures, cut and paste.

VI. Calder’s World (Alexander Calder’s sculpture, Untitled, 1937): As if time has stopped, dangling metal, atmospheric, yet dark. Quasi-aleatoric gestures, perhaps improvised. Gradually fade to niente.

VII. Miró (Joan Miró’s painting, Women at Sunrise): Child-like, yet delirious. There appears to be a sexually ambiguous tone. Try something new, a saxophone or bombastic Eb clarinet solo. Something spontaneous, bouncy, tribal, and raw.

VIII. Interlude: Return of original Ghost-like piano theme with minimal additional orchestrations. Takes us to the final chapter to be played without pause until the end.

IX. Cliffs of Moher (Hiroshi Sugimoto’s photograph, Atlantic Ocean, Cliffs of Moher): Delicate and flowing, find a way to musically represent the ocean and cliffs in the most gentle and subtle means. A return to an ostinato.

X. Pigeons in Flight (Francis Blake’s photograph, Pigeons in Flight): I’ve never looked at pigeons this way. There appears to be so much joy, beauty, and depth. This will be the longest and most expansive movement. Fly away.

First ASO performance: October 30, 1951, Henry Sopkin, conductor

Most recent ASO performances: February 14-16, 2019, Stephen Mulligan, conductor

Rachmaninoff Piano Concerto No. 3

Last year, Gramophone magazine wrote, “Rachmaninoff was perhaps the most complete musician of the past 150 years.” It was a tribute to a man who skyrocketed to stardom in three different careers: as a composer, as a conductor, and as a piano virtuoso. He’d achieved the first two in his native Russia, earning honors, celebrity, and all the trappings of an upperclass lifestyle. But when the Bolsheviks took over, he | @AtlantaSymphony |
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gathered his wife and daughters and slipped into Finland. They lost everything but their freedom, and 44-year-old Sergei Rachmaninoff needed a plan. He gazed into the frightened faces of his little girls, weighed his options, and chose a piano career—the most lucrative.

Rachmaninoff had always been a formidable player. He often performed his works. But if he wanted a career as a touring virtuoso, he would need to build a repertoire and burnish his skills. And so he returned to the woodshed and did the work of a musician half his age. Success came quickly. Settling in America, he drew large audiences and stopped writing music.

The Third Piano Concerto comes from 1909, the waning years of Imperial Russia. The composer reluctantly agreed to an American tour, not for the publicity but because he'd make enough money to buy a car (he was an original motorhead). He wrote the concerto during the summer at the family estate.

“I wanted to sing the melody on the piano, as a singer would sing it,” he said, “and to find a suitable orchestral accompaniment, or rather one that would not muffle this singing.” Out of that singing melody, he spun a highly imaginative, intensely integrated work—and a beastly workout for the pianist.

Rachmaninoff debuted the piece with two orchestras in New York City, including the New York Philharmonic conducted by Gustav Mahler. Initially, no other pianist dared touch the “Rach 3.” It is notoriously difficult, “40 minutes of finger-twisting madness,” wrote The Washington Post.

“When you play this piece, you do feel like you’ve shown everything you can possibly do as a pianist,” said piano virtuoso Garrick Ohlsson. “From the most delicate . . . from the most singing . . . the most light to the most medium texture to the most romantic to the most heroic to the noisiest. Yeah, it’s the piece of a lifetime. I know why all pianists want to play it—if we can.”

After Rachmaninoff reinvented himself as a piano virtuoso, the Third Concerto became one of his most popular showpieces, helping to pay for a series of fast cars. During his twenty-five years in exile, he wrote only six more compositions.

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ROBERT SPANO, Music Director Laureate

Robert Spano, conductor, pianist, composer, and teacher, is known worldwide for the intensity of his artistry and distinctive communicative abilities, creating a sense of inclusion and warmth among musicians and audiences that is unique among American orchestras.

After twenty seasons as Music Director, he continues his association with the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra as Music Director Laureate. As Music Director of the Aspen Music Festival and School since 2011, he oversees the programming of more than 300 events and educational programs for 630 students and young performers.

Principal Guest Conductor of the Fort Worth Symphony Orchestra since 2019, Spano began his tenure as Music Director in August 2022. He is the tenth Music Director in the orchestra’s history, which was founded in 1912.

In January 2024, Spano was appointed Principal Conductor of the Rhode Island Philharmonic Orchestra & Music School. In February 2024, Spano was appointed Music Director of the Washington National Opera, beginning in the 2025–2026 season; he is currently the WNO's Music Director Designate.

Maestro Spano made his highly acclaimed Metropolitan Opera debut in 2019, leading the US premiere of Nico Muhly’s Marnie. Recent concert highlights have included several world premiere performances, including Voy a Dormir by Bryce Dessner at Carnegie Hall; Miserere, by ASO bassist Michael Kurth; George Tsontakis’s Violin Concerto No. 3; Dimitrios Skyllas’s Kyrie eleison; the Tuba Concerto by Jennifer Higdon; and Melodia, For Piano and Orchestra, by Matthew Ricketts.

Spano recently returned to his early love of composing. His newest work is a song cycle on Rilke’s Sonnets to Orpheus that he wrote for mezzo-soprano Kelley O’Connor. In 2016, he premiered his Sonata: Four Elements for piano at the Aspen Music Festival, and a song cycle, Hölderlin-Lieder, for soprano Jessica Rivera.

Spano has led ASO performances at Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, and the Ravinia, Ojai, and Savannah Music Festivals. Guest engagements have included the Cleveland, Philadelphia, and Minnesota Orchestras, New York and Los Angeles Philharmonics, and the San Francisco, Boston, Chicago, Dallas, Houston, New World, San Diego, Oregon, Utah, and Kansas City Symphonies. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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Internationally, Maestro Spano has led the Orchestra Filarmonica della Scala, BBC Symphony, Amsterdam’s Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Orquestra Sinfonica Brasileira, Orquestra Sinfonica Estado Sao Paulo, Wroclaw Philharmonic, the Melbourne and Sydney Symphonies in Australia, and the Saito Kinen Orchestra in Japan.

His opera performances include Covent Garden, Welsh National Opera, Lyric Opera of Chicago, Houston Grand Opera, and the 2005 and 2009 Seattle Opera productions of Wagner’s Ring cycle.

With a discography of critically acclaimed recordings for Telarc, Deutsche Grammophon, and ASO Media, Robert Spano has garnered four Grammy® Awards and eight nominations with the Atlanta Symphony.

Spano is on faculty at Oberlin Conservatory and has received honorary doctorates from Bowling Green State University, the Curtis Institute of Music, Emory University, and Oberlin. Maestro Spano is a recipient of the Georgia Governor's Award for the Arts and Humanities and is one of two classical musicians inducted into the Georgia Music Hall of Fame. | 43


Since his triumph as winner of the 1970 Chopin International Piano Competition, pianist Garrick Ohlsson has established himself worldwide as a musician of magisterial interpretive and technical prowess.

Although long regarded as one of the world’s leading exponents of the music of Frédéric Chopin, Mr. Ohlsson commands an enormous repertoire, which ranges over the entire piano literature. To date, he has at his command more than 80 concertos, ranging from Haydn and Mozart to works of the 21st century, the most recent being Oceans Apart by Justin Dello Joio, commissioned for him by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and now available on Bridge Recordings. Also just released on Reference Recordings is the complete Beethoven concerti with Sir Donald Runnicles and the Grand Teton Music Festival Orchestra.

Mr. Ohlsson’s extensive discography includes a ten-disc set of the complete Beethoven Sonatas, for Bridge Records, which has garnered critical acclaim, including a Grammy® for Vol. 3. His recording of Rachmaninoff’s Concerto No. 3, with the Atlanta Symphony and Robert Spano, was released in 2011.

A frequent guest with the orchestras in New Zealand and Australia, Mr. Ohlsson returned for a nine-city recital tour across Australia in June 2023 and will open the Nashville Symphony’s season in September, followed by appearances with orchestras in Atlanta, Sarasota, Rhode Island, Singapore, Prague, Warsaw, Lyon and Oxford (UK). With recital programs including works from Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin to Brahms and Scriabin, he can be heard in New York, Seattle, Baltimore, Prague, Katowice, Krakow and Wrocław.

A native of White Plains, N.Y., Garrick Ohlsson began his piano studies at the age of 8, at the Westchester Conservatory of Music; at 13 he entered The Juilliard School. Mr. Ohlsson was awarded the Avery Fisher Prize in 1994. He is a Steinway Artist and makes his home in San Francisco. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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Concerts of Thursday, May 16, 2024 at 8:00 PM

Saturday, May 18, 2024 at 8:00 PM

ROBERT SPANO, conductor



CODY BOWERS, countertenor


Saturday’s concert is dedicated to JOHN D. FULLER in honor of his extraordinary support of the 2022/23 Annual Fund.

Commissions of new works are made possible by THE ROBERT SPANO FUND FOR NEW MUSIC, established with a lead gift from The Antinori Foundation.


Le sacre du printemps (The Rite of Spring) (1913)


PART I: The Adoration of the Earth

I. Introduction

II. The Augurs of Spring

III. Ritual of Abduction

IV. Spring Rounds

V. Ritual of the Rival Tribes

VI. Procession of the Sage

VII. Dance of the Earth

PART II: The Sacrifice

I. Introduction

II. Mystic Circles of the Young Girls

III. Glorification of the Chosen One

IV. Evocation of the Ancestors

V. Ritual Action of the Ancestors

VI. Sacrificial Dance



The Sacrifice of Isaac (2024) WORLD PREMIERE




Aria 1: "May G–d bless you and watch you"

Aria 2: "And Sarah will have a son"

Aria 3: "And G–d visited Sarah"


Aria 4: "Take your son, your only son"

Aria 5: "Abraham saw the place off afar"

Aria 6: "It's unnatural!"

Aria 7: "Wretched son of a wretched woman"

Aria 8: "You are called merciful"

Aria 9: "Yedid Nefesh" and Confession

Aria 10: "Lay not your hand"

Aria 11: "Remember us!"

Aria 12: "May G–d bless you and watch you"

The use of cameras or recording devices during the concert is strictly prohibited. Please be kind to those around you and silence your mobile phone and other hand-held devices.

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On a sweltering night in Paris, Igor Stravinsky unbuttoned his tuxedo jacket and took his seat in the Théâtre des Champs-Elysée. People fanned their faces as they waited to see his new ballet, Le scare du printemps, The Rite of Spring.

Around him sat “a fashionable audience in décolletage, outfitted in pearls, egret headresses, plumes of ostrich,” what Jean Cocteau called a “thousand nuances of snobbery, super-snobbery, counter-snobbery.” The lights dimmed, and a single bassoon pierced the silence in an impossibly high register. “If that's a bassoon, I’m a baboon,” sniped Camille Saint-Saëns. Things went downhill from there.

Hecklers drew angry shouts from others until they came to blows and dragged the audience into a brawl. Stravinsky slunk backstage, where he found choreographer Vaclav Nijinsky standing on a chair, shouting counts to the dancers (they couldn’t hear the orchestra over the fray).

Musically, “Le sacre” grew from the composer’s happy memories of Russia, where he encountered rural folk. He noted a timeless quality to their singing, their homemade instruments, and their deep connection to the earth. And when he conceived of a ballet about pagans, superstition, and human sacrifice, the sound of rural Russia informed his imagination.

First ASO performances: January 16-19, 1969, James Levine, conductor

Most recent ASO performances: March 13-16, 2014, Donald Runnicles, conductor

For all its unvarnished primitivism, The Rite of Spring is a highly sophisticated piece. It employs an enormous orchestra. And though Stravinsky leaned into repetition, he saddled it to a barrage of meter changes (6/8 7/8 3/4 6/8 2/4 6/8 3/4 9/8). To give the music added crunch, he combined harmonies that don't traditionally go together (bitonality). Yet his craftsmanship belies the simplicity of the source: folk song. The opening bassoon melody, for example, is a Lithuanian song called “Tu, manu seséréle.”

Stravinsky later admitted he struggled to notate the music in his head. His concept forced him to think anew about the instruments to achieve the faraway sounds of feral humans. In 1913 Paris, he challenged his musicians to work together in unorthodox ways—and count as if their lives depended on it.

Stravinsky wrote, “In the Prelude, I wanted to express the panic fear of nature for the beauty arising, a sacred terror.” As the action unfolds, it becomes clear that nature is but a supporting actor. The Rite of Spring is a reflection of humanity and its most animal

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impulses. The tony Parisians of 1913 gave truth to the savagery, providing a spectacular example of life imitating art.

These are the first ASO performances.

Leshnoff's The Sacrifice of Isaac

About the composer

Distinguished by The New York Times as “a leader of contemporary American lyricism,” Grammy®-nominated composer Jonathan Leshnoff is renowned for his music's striking harmonies, structural complexity, and powerful themes. The Baltimore-based composer has been ranked among the most performed living composers in recent seasons with performances by over 100 orchestras. He has received commissions from Carnegie Hall, the Philadelphia Orchestra, and the symphony orchestras of Atlanta, Baltimore, Dallas, Kansas City, Nashville, and Pittsburgh, among others. Leshnoff’s compositions have also been premiered by classical music’s most celebrated soloists, including Gil Shaham, Johannes Moser, Manuel Barrueco, Noah Bendix-Balgley and Joyce Yang. Nine all-Leshnoff albums are commercially recorded. Leshnoff is a Professor of Music at Towson University.

The Sacrifice of Isaac

“I’ve grown up with works such as Handel’s Messiah and Bach’s Passions that are so wonderful and deep and dear to me,” said composer Jonathan Leshnoff. “But I’ve always wanted to tell a story from the Old Testament from the Jewish perspective.”

For the composer, music and spirituality are “two sides of the same coin,” he told broadcaster Kara McLeland. He is an avid student of Rabbinic literature. “When I work with these spiritual concepts, it's easier for me to express my feelings and thoughts through music,” he said. “I guess that's why I’m a composer.”

Traditionally, the biblical figure Abraham is the first Jew. Leshnoff’s oratorio illustrates Abraham’s odyssey of faith: He and his wife, Sarah, are a childless couple. Miraculously, God grants them a son late in life (Isaac). But God has plans for Abraham. Putting him to the test, God instructs him to lead Isaac into the mountains and sacrifice him upon an altar. Abraham sets about this dreadful task; as he raises his knife, an angel stays his hand and saves Isaac.

A disturbing tale, the near sacrifice of Isaac provokes endless reflection, head-scratching, and debate. For the Jewish people, it is a pillar of the faith—and a gripping subject for art. | @AtlantaSymphony |
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To craft a libretto, Jonathan Leshnoff scoured Rabbinic Midrash, the Talmud, commentaries on the Hebrew Bible, and the liturgy and stitched together a narrative to conjure the drama between father and son and the inevitable flood of emotional contradictions. It also provokes the eternal debate. Why would an all-knowing, all-loving God—who already knows the outcome of the test—terrorize Abraham and Isaac? Some Rabbis suggest the ever-faithful Abraham never doubted that God would intercede. For Leshnoff, the test served God’s greater purpose. “We never know our potential until it's tested,” he said. In other words, God designed the test to prepare Abraham for his true calling: the founder of the Jewish people.

To date, Jonathan Leshnoff ranks among America’s most-performed contemporary composers. An all-Leshnoff compendium received a 2021 Grammy® nomination. And he has a steady stream of commissions to work on. Yet, the idea of this The Sacrifice of Isaac percolated for years. It took Leshnoff’s long collaboration with the Atlanta Symphony’s (then) music director, Robert Spano, to greenlight the project. Leshnoff dedicated the oratorio to Spano. “I’ve always wanted to write this piece,” said Leshnoff. Indeed, he poured decades of scholarship and devotion into its fabric. For example, the voice of God comes not from a booming bass-baritone, as one might expect, but from a countertenor. Leshnoff points to the Bible verse I Kings 19:12 (“After the earthquake—fire; but GOD was not in the fire. And after the fire—a soft murmuring sound.”) In this moment, Elijah must listen for God in the stillness; and so must Abraham in Leshnoff’s The Sacrifice of Isaac.

Jonathan Leshnoff is a professor of music at Towson University.

This work was commissioned by the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Robert Spano, music director, and was made possible through The Robert Spano Fund for New Music, established by The Antinori Foundation.

It was also commissioned by Patricia Werthan Uhlmann in loving memory of her husband, John Weil Uhlmann, and Eileen Williams and Judah Gudelsky. This work is co-commissioned by the Nashville Symphony Orchestra, Giancarlo Guerrero, music director, and the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, Jonathon Heyward, music director. | 49

CODY BOWERS, countertenor

American countertenor Cody Bowers has received national award recognition from The Sullivan Foundation, The Metropolitan Opera Laffont Competition, and The George London Foundation for Singers. In 2024 Cody debuts with the Metropolitan Opera in John Adams’ El Niño. He joins Ars Lyrica for Handel’s Theodora, Opera Neo in the US premiere of Polifemo, and the Alabama Symphony for Bernstein’s Missa Brevis and Chichester Psalms.

In 2023 Mr. Bowers made his Lincoln Center debut with the New York Philharmonic in Handel’s Israel in Egypt and the Houston Symphony in Handel’s Messiah. He also made a role and company debut as Ruggiero in Alcina with St. Petersburg Opera.

In previous seasons, he performed with the Merola Opera Program at San Francisco Opera, the Stern Auditorium at Carnegie Hall, San Diego Opera, Minnesota Opera, Utah Opera, The Atlanta Opera, Boston Early Music Festival, Opera Neo, Tanglewood Music Center, and Cantos Para Hermana al Mundo in Torreón, Mexico.

Other concert credits include Buxtehude’s Membra Jesu Nostri, Ralph Vaughn William’s Mass in G Minor, Vivaldi’s Gloria, Mozart’s Mass in D Major and numerous works by J.S. Bach.

He is an active member of internationally celebrated ensembles like Gramophone award-winning Blue Heron Renaissance Choir, The Handel & Haydn Society, Apollo’s Fire Baroque Orchestra, The Thirteen, Bach Society Houston, VAE: Cincinnati, Washington

Bach Consort, Ensemble Altera, and The Choir at the Church of the Advent.


During the 2023-24 season, tenor John Tessier returns to Edmonton Opera to sing in Mozart’s classic Don Giovanni. Concert appearances include programs of Bach and Mozart with the Richard Eaton Singers.

Last season, John Tessier returned to Manitoba Opera to reprise his acclaimed portrayal of Prince Ramiro in Rossini’s La cenerentola; and with Calgary Opera he gave a role debut as Steve Wozniak in Mason Bates’ The (R) evolution of Steve Jobs. His international concert schedule included performances of Handel’s Messiah with the | @AtlantaSymphony |
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Victoria Symphony Orchestra, Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony with the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra, Mendelssohn’s Elijah with the Richard Eaton Singers, and Berlioz’ Roméo et Juliette with the Taiwan Philharmonic.

On the concert stage, the tenor has been heard in performances of Bach’s St. Matthew Passion with Iván Fischer and the Orchestra of St. Luke’s at Carnegie Hall, and Carmina Burana with Marin Alsop and the Baltimore Symphony, among many others.

John Tessier’s vibrant recording catalogue includes Mozart’s Requiem both with Sir Donald Runnicles and the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and with Bernard Labadie and Les Violons du Roy.


A2017 recipient of a top prize from the Sullivan Foundation, Joseph Lattanzi established himself as a singer to watch in the world premiere of Greg Spears’ Fellow Travelers with Cincinnati Opera, followed by further performances for his debut with Lyric Opera of Chicago.

In the 2019-20 season, Lattanzi returned to The Metropolitan Opera for Der Rosenkavalier, Madama Butterfly and Kat'a Kabanova. Lattanzi performed with Arizona Opera in Fellow Travelers and returned to the Virginia Opera’s production of La Cenerentola.

In the 2018-19 season, Mr. Lattanzi joined the roster of The Metropolitan Opera for the first time for their production of Nico Muhly’s Marnie and returned to Arizona Opera for Kevin Puts’ Silent Night. He made his Jacksonville Symphony debut in the title role of Mozart’s Don Giovanni, sang a concert celebrating the music of Bernstein with the Atlanta Symphony, and returned to the Cincinnati Opera in Mozart’s Le nozze di Figaro.

Recent performances include roles with The Atlanta Opera in Carmen and Sondheim’s Sweeney Todd, and at the Grand Tetons Music Festival in West Side Story, Seattle Opera in Katya Kabanová and San Francisco Opera in Don Giovanni.

Mr. Lattanzi has performed Carmina Burana with the Reno Philharmonic and Chicago Sinfonietta. Mr. Lattanzi’s 2014-2015 season began with a return home to debut with The Atlanta Opera. | @AtlantaSymphony | | meettheartists


The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Chorus, founded in 1970 by former Music Director, Robert Shaw, is an all-volunteer, auditioned ensemble that performs on a regular basis with the Orchestra and is featured on many of its recordings. Led by Director of Choruses, Norman Mackenzie, the chorus is known for its precision and expressive singing quality. Its recordings have garnered 14 Grammy® Awards (nine for Best Choral Performance; four for Best Classical Recording and one for Best Opera Recording). In addition, the Chorus has been involved in the creation and shaping of numerous world-premiere commissioned works.


Norman Mackenzie’s abilities as musical collaborator, conductor and concert organist have brought him international recognition. As Director of Chorus for the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra (ASO) since 2000, he was chosen to help carry forward the creative vision of legendary founding conductor Robert Shaw. During his tenure, the Chorus has made numerous tours and garnered several Grammy® awards, including Best Classical Album and Best Choral Performance.

At the ASO, he prepares the Choruses for all concerts and recordings, works closely with Nathalie Stutzmann on the commissioning and realization of new choral-orchestral works and conducts holiday concerts. In his 14-year association with Mr. Shaw, he was keyboardist for the ASO, principal accompanist for the ASO Choruses and ultimately assistant choral conductor. In addition, he was musical assistant and accompanist for the Robert Shaw Chamber Singers, the Robert Shaw Institute Summer Choral Festivals in France and the United States and the famed Shaw/Carnegie Hall Choral Workshops.

He prepared the ASO Chorus for its acclaimed 2003 debut and successive 2008 and 2009 performances in Berlin with the Berlin Philharmonic, in Britten’s War Requiem, Berlioz’s Grande Messe des Morts and Brahms’ Ein deutsches Requiem, respectively, conducted by ASO Principal Guest Conductor Donald Runnicles. | @AtlantaSymphony | | meettheartists 54 | @AtlantaSymphony |


Norman Mackenzie director of choruses

The Frannie & Bill Graves


Peter Marshall



Ellen Abney

Khadijah Davis

Liz Dean*

Laura Foster

Michelle Griffin*

Erin Harris

Erin Jones*

Arietha Lockhart**

Mindy Margolis*

Joneen Padgett*

Rachel Paul

Mary Martha Penner

Susan Ray

Samaria Rodriguez

Emily Salmond

Kristian Samuel

Lydia Sharp

Susie Shepardson

Stacey Tanner

Chelsea Toledo

Brianne Turgeon**

Deanna Walton

Michelle Yancich

Wanda Yang Temko**


Debbie Ashton

Sloan Atwood**

Jessica Barber

Tierney Breedlove

Barbara Brown

Maggie Carpenter

Martha Craft

Gina Deaton

Erika Elliott

Mary Goodwin

Heidi Hayward

Amanda Hoffman

Megan Littlepage

Melissa Mack

Lindsay Patten


Chantae Pittman

Tramaine Quarterman

Kate Roberts

Marianna Schuck

Anne-Marie Spalinger**

Emily Tallant

Cheryl Thrash**

Donna Weeks**


June Abbott**

Pamela Amy-Cupp

Deborah Boland**

Emily Campbell

Patricia DinkinsMatthews**

Angel Dotson-Hall

Katherine Fisher

Beth Freeman*

Savanna Hagerty

Unita Harris

Beverly Hueter*

Janet Johnson**

Susan Jones

Kathleen Kelly-


Virginia Little**

Staria Lovelady*

Alina Luke

Frances McDowellBeadle**

Sara McKlin

Linda Morgan**

Katherine Murray**

Natalie Pierce

Kathleen Poe Ross

Noelle Ross

Rachel Schiffer

Camilla Springfield**

Rachel Stewart**

Nancy York*


Nancy Adams**

Ana Baida

Angelica BlackmanKeim

Elizabeth Borland

Emily Boyer

Marcia Chandler*

Carol Comstock

Meaghan Curry

Cynthia Goeltz


Michèle Diament*

Joia Johnson

Sally Kann*

Nicole Khoury**

Katherine MacKenzie

Lynda Martin*

Lalla McGee

Tiffany Peoples

Laura Rappold*

Duhi Schnieder

Sharon Simons*

Virginia Thompson**

Cheryl Vanture*

Kiki Wilson**

Diane Woodard**


Christian Bigliani

David Blalock**

LaRue Bowman

John Brandt**

Jack Caldwell**

Daniel Cameron**

Daniel Compton

Justin Cornelius

Clifford Edge**

Steven Farrow**

Leif Gilbert-Hansen*

James Jarrell*

Keith Langston*

Joseph Henry Monti

David Moore

Christopher Patton*

Mark Warden**


Sutton Bacon*

Matthew Borkowski

Steve Brailsford

Charles Cottingham#

Phillip Crumbly**

Steven Dykes

David Ellis

Joseph Few**

Sean Fletcher

Thomas Foust

John Harr

David Ingham

Keith Jeffords**

David Kinrade

Tyler Lane

Michael Parker

Timothy Parrott

Marshall Peterson**

Matthew Sellers

Thomas Slusher

Scott Stephens**


Dock Anderson

Noah Boonin

Sean Butler

Russell Cason**

Jeremy Christensen

Joshua Clark

Trey Clegg*

Rick Cobb

Michael Cranford

Michael Devine

Thomas Elston

Jon Gunnemann**

Noah Horton

Nick Jones#

Alp Koksal

Sims Kuester

Jacob Lay

Jameson Linville

Peter MacKenzie

Jason Maynard

Jackson McCarthy

Joss Nichols

Hal Richards

Peter Shirts

Thomas Stow

John Terry

Edgie Wallace*


Philip Barreca

Marcel Benoit

Jacob Blevins

William Borland

John Carter

Terrence Connors

Joel Craft**

Paul Fletcher

Timothy Gunter**

Brooks Hanrahan

David Hansen**

Philip Jones

Daniel Lane

Jason Manley

Michael Nedvidek

John Newsome

Joel Rose

John Ruff**

Jonathan Smith*

George Sustman

Benjamin Temko**

David Webster**

Gregory Whitmire**

Keith Wyatt**

55 | * 20+ years of service | ** 30+ years of service | # Founding member (1970)


The Atlanta Symphony Orchestra continues to prosper thanks to the support of our generous patrons. The list below recognizes the donors who have made contributions since June 1, 2022. Their extraordinary generosity provides the foundation for this worldclass institution.



A Friend of the Symphony

1180 Peachtree

The Molly Blank Fund of The Arthur M. Blank Family Foundation∞

The Coca-Cola Company

Sheila Lee Davies & Jon Davies


Alston & Bird LLP

The Paul M. Angell Family Foundation∞


Accenture LLP


City of Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Cultural Affairs

Ms. Lynn Eden


Mr. & Mrs. Paul J. Blackney

Cox Enterprises, Inc.

Sally* & Larry Davis


Farideh & Al Azadi Foundation∞

Mr. & Mrs. Andrew Bailey

Jennifer Barlament & Kenneth Potsic


Janine Brown & Alex J. Simmons, Jr.

Connie & Merrell Calhoun

John W. Cooledge

The Jim Cox, Jr. Foundation

Mr. & Mrs. Erroll B. Davis, Jr.∞

Cari K. Dawson & John M. Sparrow

Mr. Richard H. Delay & Dr. Francine D. Dykes∞

A Friend of the Symphony∞

Emerald Gate Charitable Trust

Lettie Pate Evans Foundation∞

Barney M. Franklin & Hugh W. Burke Charitable Fund

Georgia Power Company

The Halle Foundation

The Home Depot Foundation Invesco QQQ

The Antinori Foundation

The Arthur M. Blank Family Foundation

Cadence Bank Foundation

Emory Woodruff Health Sciences Center

Ms. Angela L. Evans∞

Four Seasons

John D. Fuller

The Gable Foundation

Georgia Council for the Arts

The Roy & Janet Dorsey Foundation

Fulton County Arts & Culture

Anne Morgan & Jim Kelley

Paulette Eastman & Becky Pryor Anderson*∞

Eversheds Sutherland

Marina Fahim°

Dick & Anne Game°

Jeannette Guarner, MD & Carlos del Rio, MD

Sally & Walter George

The Graves Foundation

Bonnie & Jay Harris

League of American Orchestras

Donna Lee & Howard Ehni

The Livingston Foundation, Inc.

The Marcus Foundation, Inc.∞

Delta Air Lines

Abraham J. & Phyllis

Katz Foundation∞

Charles Loridans Foundation, Inc.

Amy W. Norman

Charitable Foundation

The Zeist Foundation, Inc.


Norfolk Southern PNC

Graphic Packaging KPMG

Morris, Manning & Martin, LLP

National Endowment for the Arts

Slumgullion Charitable Fund


Ann Marie & John B. White, Jr.°∞

Sally & Pete Parsonson∞

Patty & Doug Reid

Mary & Jim Rubright

Patrick & Susie Viguerie

Massey Charitable Trust

John & Linda Matthews∞

Northside Hospital

John R. Paddock, Ph.D. & Karen M. Schwartz, Ph.D.

Victoria & Howard Palefsky

Ms. Margaret Painter∞

Porsche Cars North America, Inc.

Publix Super Markets Charities, Inc.


Bill & Rachel Schultz°

June & John Scott∞

Troutman Pepper

Kathy Waller & Kenneth Goggins

Mrs. Edus H. Warren | @AtlantaSymphony |
| encore 56


Mr. Keith Adams & Ms. Kerry Heyward° Affairs to Remember

John & Juliet Allan

Aspire Media

Benjamin Q. Brunt

Ms. Elizabeth W. Camp

Wright & Alison Caughman

Ms. Lisa V. Chang∞

Choate Bridges Foundation

Florencia & Rodrigo Garcia Escudero

Mr. & Mrs. Charles B. Harrison

Ms. Joia M. Johnson

Mr. & Mrs. Randolph J. Koporc

The Ray M. & Mary Elizabeth Lee Foundation, Inc.

Dr. Jennifer Lyman & Mr. Kevin Lyman

Mr. & Mrs. Arthur Mills IV

Moore Colson, CPAs & Bert & Carmen Mills

Terence L. & Jeanne Perrine Neal°

Lynn & Galen Oelkers

Martha M. Pentecost

Joyce & Henry Schwob

Mr. Fahim Siddiqui & Ms. Shazia Fahim

Ross & Sally Singletary

Carolyn C. Thorsen∞

The Mark & Evelyn Trammell Foundation

Universal Music Group-Task Force for Meaningful Change

John & Ray Uttenhove

Mrs. Sue S. Williams


Phyllis Abramson, Ph. D.

Madeline* & Howell E. Adams, Jr.

Aadu & Kristi Allpere°


Mr. Keith Barnett

Mr. David Boatwright

Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin Clare°

Council for Quality Growth

Russell Currey & Amy Durrell


Lisa DiFrancesco, MD & Darlene Nicosia

Eleanor & Charles Edmondson

Ms. Yelena Epova

Fifth Third Bank

Craig Frankel & Jana Eplan


Mr. Max M. Gilstrap

Pam & Robert Glustrom

The Scott Hudgens Family Foundation

Roya & Bahman Irvani

Jamestown Properties

Brian & Carrie Kurlander∞

James H. Landon

Mr. Sukai Liu & Dr. Ginger J. Chen

Ms. Deborah A. Marlowe & Dr. Clint Lawrence

John F. & Marilyn M. McMullan

Ms. Molly Minnear

New Music, USA

Barbara & Andrew Paul

Mr. Edward Potter & Ms. Regina Olchowski°

Ms. Cathleen Quigley

Charlie & Donna Sharbaugh

Beverly & Milton Shlapak

Mr. John A. Sibley, III

Dr. Steven & Lynne Steindel°

Elliott & Elaine Tapp°

Ms. Brett A. Tarver

Judith & Mark K. Taylor

Dr. Ravi & Dr. Valerie Thadhani

Carol & Ramon Tomé Family Fund

Mr. & Mrs. Benny Varzi

Adair & Dick White

Drs. Kevin & Kalinda Woods


A Friend of the Symphony (2)

AAA Parking

Paul & Melody Aldo∞

Mr. & Mrs. Calvin R. Allen

Julie & Jim* Balloun

Jack & Helga Beam∞

Mr. & Mrs. Gerald R. Benjamin

Kelley O. & Neil H. Berman

Rita & Herschel Bloom

Bloomberg Philanthropies

The Boston Consulting Group

The Breman Foundation, Inc.

Lisa & Russ Butner∞

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas C. Chubb III

Mr. & Mrs. Chris Collier

Colliers International

Costco Wholesale Corporation

Peter & Vivian de Kok

Donald & Barbara Defoe°

Marcia & John Donnell

Mr. & Mrs. John C. Dyer

Eversheds Sutherland

Dr. & Mrs. Leroy Fass

In Memory of Betty Sands Fuller

The Robert Hall Gunn, Jr., Fund


Hamilton Capital Partners, LLC

The Hertz Family Foundation, Inc.

Clay & Jane Jackson

Ann A. & Ben F. Johnson III°

James Kieffer

King & Spalding

Stephen & Carolyn Knight

La Fête du Rosé

Dr. & Mrs. Scott I. Lampert

The Sartain Lanier Family Foundation

Pat & Nolan Leake

Dr. Fulton D. Lewis III & S. Neal Rhoney

Meghan & Clarke Magruder

Merrill Lynch Capital Markets

Caroline & Phil Moïse

Moore, Colson & Company, P.C.

Gretchen Nagy & Allan Sandlin

Mr. Kenneth M. Neighbors & Ms. Valdoreas May

Leadership Council We salute these extraordinary donors who have signed pledge commitments to continue their support for three years or more.

For information about giving to the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Annual Fund, please contact William Keene at 404.733.4839 or william.keene@

°We are grateful to these donors for taking the extra time to acquire matching gifts from their employers. *Deceased | 57

ASO | SUPPORT (cont.)

Margaret H. Petersen

David F. & Maxine A.* Rock

Thomas & Lynne Saylor

The Simmons Foundation

Tom & Ani Steele

John & Yee-Wan Stevens

Mr. & Mrs. Edward W.

Stroetz, Jr.

Stephen & Sonia Swartz

Mr. G. Kimbrough Taylor & Ms. Triska Drake

George & Amy Taylor∞

Mr. Paul E. Viera & Ms. Gail O’Neill*

Dr. & Mrs. James O. Wells, Jr.

Kiki Wilson


Dr. Marshall & Stephanie Abes

Judith D. Bullock

Karen & Rod Bunn

Patricia & William Buss∞

Mark Coan & Family

Davis Broadcasting Inc.

Ms. Diane Durgin

Sally W. Hawkins

Grace Taylor Ihrig*

Ann & Brian Kimsey

Jason & Michelle Kroh

Mr. Robert M. Lewis, Jr.

Elvira & Jay Mannelly

Berthe & Shapour Mobasser

Mrs. Kay Adams* & Mr. Ralph Paulk°

Perkins and Will

Ms. Eliza Quigley∞

Ms. Frances A. Root

Hamilton & Mason Smith

Ms. Juliana T. Vincenzino

Drs. Jonne & Paul Walter

Mr. David J. Worley & Ms. Bernadette Drankoski

Camille W. Yow


A Friend of the Symphony (3)

Azalea City Chapter of Links

Dr. Evelyn R. Babey

Lisa & Joe Bankoff

Asad & Sakina Bashey

Herschel Beazley

Meredith Bell

Mr. John Blatz

Dr. & Mrs. Jerome B.


Mrs. Sidney W. Boozer

Carol Brantley & David Webster

Margo Brinton & Eldon Park

Ms. Johanna Brookner

Jacqueline A. & Joseph E. Brown, Jr.

CBH International, Inc

John Champion & Penelope Malone

Mrs. Amy B. Cheng and Dr. Chad A. Hume, Ph.D

Mr. & Mrs. Miles R. Cook

William & Patricia Cook

Carol Comstock & Jim Davis

Janet & John Costello

Dillon Production Services, Inc.

Mr. & Mrs. Paul H. Dimmick∞

Xavier Duralde & Mary Barrett

Dieter Elsner & Othene Munson

Robert S. Elster Foundation

Dr. & Mrs. Carl D. Fackler

Ellen & Howard Feinsand

Mr. & Mrs. William A. Flinn

Bruce W. & Avery C. Flower

Mr. David L. Forbes

Marty & John Gillin°

Dr. Paul Gilreath

Mary* & Charles Ginden

Mr. & Mrs. Richard Goodsell

Melanie & Tucker Green

Martha Reaves Head

Azira G. Hill

Richard & Linda Hubert

Tad & Janin Hutcheson

Mr. Justin Im & Dr. Nakyoung Nam

Aaron & Joyce Johnson

Mr. & Mrs. Baxter Jones

Lana M. Jordan∞

Mr. Jonathan Kamenear

Paul* & Rosthema Kastin

Mona & Gilbert Kelly°

Mr. Charles R. Kowal

Ms. Eunice Luke

Dr. & Mrs. Ellis L. Malone

Ms. Erin M. Marshall

Mr. & Mrs. Christopher D. Martin

Belinda & Gino Massafra

Dr. & Mrs. Douglas Mattox

The Fred & Sue McGehee

Family Charitable Fund

Ed & Linda McGinn°

Ms. Erica McVicker

Mr. Bert Mobley

Mr. Cesar Moreno & Mr. Greg Heathcock

Sue Morgan∞

Jane Morrison∞

Music Matters

Mr. Thomas Nightingale

Ms. Bethani Oppenheimer

Ms. Amy H. Page

Ann & Fay Pearce°

The Hellen Plummer

Charitable Foundation, Inc.

Dr. & Mrs. John P. Pooler

John H. Rains

Leonard Reed

Mr. & Mrs. Joel F. Reeves

Dr. and Mrs. Jay Rhee

Cammie & John Rice

Vicki & Joe Riedel

Ms. Felicia Rives

Betsy & Lee Robinson

Mr. & Ms. Joseph A.


Tiffany & Rich Rosetti∞

John T. Ruff

Dr. & Mrs. Rein Saral

Katherine Scott

Mallie Sharafat

Suzanne Shull

Gerald & Nancy Silverboard

Baker & Debby Smith

Ms. Cynthia Smith

Dr. K. Douglas Smith

Victoria Smith

Mr. & Mrs. Peter Stathopoulos

In memory of

Elizabeth B. Stephens by Powell, Preston & Sally∞

Beth & Edward Sugarman

Dede & Bob Thompson

Mr. & Mrs. Peter Toren

Trapp Family

Burton Trimble

Chilton & Morgan* Varner

Amy & Robert Vassey

Alan & Marcia Watt

Mr. Nathan Watt

Ruthie Watts

Mr. & Mrs. Robert L. Welch

Dr. Nanette K. Wenger

WhoBody Inc.

Suzanne B. Wilner

Mr. & Mrs. M. Beattie Wood

Yellow Bird Project Management


A Friend of the Symphony(2)

Paul & Marian Anderson Fund

Drs. Jay & Martin BeardColes

Mr. & Mrs. Dennis M. Chorba

Liz & Charlie Cohn°

Malcolm & Ann Cole

Ned Cone & Nadeen Green

Jean & Jerry Cooper

Mr. Ramsey Fahs

Mr. & Mrs. Louis Gump

Deedee & Marc* Hamburger

Barbara M. Hund

Cameron H. Jackson°

Mrs. Gail Johnson

Mr. W. F. & Dr. Janice Johnston

Wolfgang* & Mariana Laufer

Ari & Fara Levine°

Deborah & William Liss°

Martha & Reynolds McClatchey

In Memory of Dr. Frank S. Pittman III

Ms. Kathy Powell

Mrs. Susan H. Reinach

S.A. Robinson

Mr. David Roemer

Donna Schwartz

| encore 58

Ms. Martha Solano

Mrs. Dale L. Thompson

Mr. & Mrs. Art Waldrop

Mr. & Mrs. Rhys T. Wilson

Ms. Sonia Witkowski


A Friend of the Symphony(2) 2492 Fund

Mr. & Dr. Paul Akbar

Mr. & Mrs. Louis Alrutz

Mr. James L. Anderson

Ms. Debra Atkins & Ms. Mary Ann Wayne

The Atlanta Music Club

Anthony Barbagallo & Kristen Fowks

Ms. Susan Bass & Mr. Tom Bradford

Dr. Laura Beaty

Bell Family Foundation for Hope Inc

Dr. & Mrs. Joel E. Berenson

Susan & Jack Bertram

Catherine Binns & Jim Honkisz*

Leon & Joy Borchers

Andrew & Elissa Bower°

Ms. Jane F. Boynton

Martha S. Brewer

Harriet Evans Brock

Dr. Aubrey Bush & Dr. Carol Bush

Mr. & Mrs. Walter K. Canipe

Betty Fuller Case

Julie & Jerry Chautin

Mr. Jeffery B. Chancellor & Mr. Cameron England

Mr. James Cobb Coenen-Johnson Foundation

Susan S. Cofer

Ralph & Rita Connell

Matt & Kate Cook

Mrs. Nancy Cooke

Mary Carole Cooney & Henry R. Bauer, Jr.

Ms. Elizabeth Wiggs Cooper & Mr. Larry Cooper

R. Carter & Marjorie A. Crittenden Foundation

Mr. & Mrs. Paul M. Cushing

Dr. & Mrs. F. Thomas Daly, Jr.

Mr. & Mrs. Kyle Dasher

Priscilla Davis

Delta Community Credit Union

Mr. David S. Dimling

Mr. & Mrs. Graham Dorian

Gregory & Debra Durden

Mr. & Mrs. Robert G. Edge

Diana Einterz

Erica Endicott & Chris Heisel

Mr. & Mrs. Taylor Fairman

Mr. & Mrs. Paul G. Farnham

Mr. & Mrs. Massoud Fatemi

Dr. Karen A. Foster

Annie Frazer & Jen Horvath

Dr. Elizabeth C. French

Gaby Family Foundation

Mr. & Mrs. Sebastien Galtier

Raj & Jyoti Gandhi Family Foundation

Mr. & Mrs. C. Ben Garren

Sandra & John Glover

Mrs. Janet D. Goldstein

Mr. Robert Golomb

Connie & Danny Griffin

Richard & Debbie Griffiths

Mr. & Mrs. George Gunderson

Phil & Lisa Hartley

Mr. & Mrs. Steve Hauser°

Mr. & Mrs. Charles Hawk

Mr. & Mrs. John Hellriegel∞

Ms. Elizabeth Hendrick

Ms. Ann Herrera & Ms. Mary M. Goodwin

Mr. Kenneth & Ms. Colleen Hey

Sarah & Harvey Hill, Jr.°

Laurie House Hopkins & John D. Hopkins

James & Bridget Horgan°

Ms. & Mr. Carli Huband

Dona & Bill Humphreys

International Women’s Forum

Lillian Kim Ivansco & Joey Ivansco

Nancy & John Janet

Ms. Rebecca Jarvis

Cecile M. Jones

William L. & Sally S. Jorden

Teresa M. Joyce, Ph.D

Mr. Lewis King

Mr. & Mrs. Theodore J. Lavallee, Sr.

Lillian Balentine Law

Mr. & Mrs. Chris Le

Van & Elizabeth Lear

Mr. & Mrs. J. David Lifsey

Jun-Ching Lin & Helen Porter

Azy Lotfi & Max Lotfi

Dr. Marcus Marr

Mrs. Sam Massell

In Memory of Pam McAllister

Mr. & Mrs. James McClatchey

Birgit & David McQueen

Anna & Hays Mershon

Mr. & Mrs.

Thomas B. Mimms, Jr.

Mrs. Pat Mitchell & Mr. Scott Seydel

Hala and Steve Moddelmog

Mr. Charles Morn

Ms. Helen Motamen and Mr. Deepak Shenoy

Janice & Tom Munsterman∞

Melanie & Allan Nelkin

Agnes V. Nelson

Mr. Denis Ng & Ms. Mary

Jane Panzeri

Gary R. Noble, MD & Joanne Heckman

Donald S. Orr & Marcia K. Knight

Mr. & Mrs.

Solon P. Patterson

Mr. & Mrs. Jonathan K. Peterson

The Piedmont National Family Foundation

Ponce de Leon Music Store

Mr. & Ms. Douglas R. Powell

Ms. Patricia U. Rich

Mr. and Mrs. Douglas G. Riffey, Jr.

Sharon & David Schachter°

Drs. Bess Schoen & Andrew Muir

Alan and Marion Shoenig

Drs. Lawrence & Rachel Schonberger

Dick Schweitzer

Mr. David C. Shih

Nick & Annie Shreiber

Helga Hazelrig Siegel

Diana Silverman

Silvey James and Rev. Jeanne Simpson

The Society, Inc

The Alex & Betty Smith Donor-Advised Endowment Fund

Ms. Lara Smith-Sitton

Anne-Marie Sparrow

Peggy & Jerry Stapleton

James & Shari Steinberg

Richard M. Stormont*

Dr. & Mrs.

John P. Straetmans

Kay R Summers

TEGNA Foundation

Ms. Linda F. Terry

Dr. Brenda G. Turner

Wayne & Lee Harper Vason

Vogel Family Foundation

Dr. James L. Waits

Mr. Charles D. Wattles & Ms. Rosemary C. Willey

David & Martha West

Russell F. Winch & Mark B. Elberfeld

Mrs. Lynne M. Winship

Zaban Foundation, Inc.

Herbert* & Grace Zwerner

Patron Leadership (PAL) Committee

We give special thanks to this dedicated group of Atlanta Symphony Orchestra donorvolunteers for their commitment to each year’s annual support initiatives:

Linda Matthews chair

Kristi Allpere

Helga Beam

Bill Buss

Pat Buss

Kristen Fowks

Deedee Hamburger

Judy Hellriegel

Nancy Janet

Belinda Massafra

Sally Parsonson

June Scott

Milt Shlapak

Jonne Walter

Marcia Watt | 59


Named for the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra’s founding Music Director, the HENRY SOPKIN CIRCLE celebrates cherished individuals and families who have made a planned gift to the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra. These special donors preserve the Orchestra’s foundation and ensure success for future generations.

Jill* & Jennings* Hertz

Mr. Albert L. Hibbard

Richard E. Hodges

Mr.* & Mrs. Charles K.

Holmes, Jr.

Mr.* & Mrs.* Fred A. Hoyt, Jr.

Jim* & Barbara Hund

Clayton F. Jackson

Mary B. James

Nancy Janet

Mr. Calvert Johnson & Mr. Kenneth Dutter

Joia M. Johnson

Deforest F. Jurkiewicz*

Herb* & Hazel Karp

Anne Morgan & Jim Kelley

Bob Kinsey

A Friend of the Symphony (22)

Madeline* & Howell E. Adams, Jr.

Mr.* & Mrs.* John E. Aderhold

Paul & Melody Aldo

Mr. & Mrs. Ronald R. Antinori

Dr. & Mrs. William Bauer

Helga Beam

Mr. Charles D. Belcher*

Neil H. Berman

Susan & Jack Bertram

Mr.* & Mrs.* Karl A. Bevins

The Estate of Donald S. & Joyce Bickers

Ms. Page Bishop*

Mr.* & Mrs.* Sol Blaine

John Blatz

Rita & Herschel Bloom

The Estate of Mrs.

Gilbert H. Boggs, Jr.

W. Moses Bond

Mr.* & Mrs. Robert C. Boozer

Elinor A. Breman*

Carol J. Brown

James C. Buggs*

Mr. & Mrs.* Richard H. Burgin

Hugh W. Burke*

Mr. & Mrs. William Buss

Wilber W. Caldwell

Mr. & Mrs. C. Merrell Calhoun

Cynthia & Donald Carson

Mrs. Jane Celler*

Lenore Cicchese*

Margie & Pierce Cline

Dr. & Mrs. Grady S. Clinkscales, Jr.

Suzanne W. Cole Sullivan

Robert Boston Colgin

Mrs. Mary Frances

Evans Comstock*

Miriam* & John A.* Conant

Dr. John W. Cooledge

Dr. Janie Cowan

Mr. & Mrs. William R. Cummickel

Bob* & Verdery* Cunningham

Mr. Richard H. Delay & Dr. Francine D. Dykes

John R. Donnell

Dixon W. Driggs*

Pamela Johnson Drummond

Mrs. Kathryn E. Duggleby

Catherine Warren Dukehart*

Ms. Diane Durgin

Arnold & Sylvia Eaves

Mr. & Mrs. Robert G. Edge

Geoffrey G. Eichholz*

Elizabeth Etoll

Mr. Doyle Faler

Brien P. Faucett

Dr. Emile T. Fisher*

Moniqua N Fladger

Mr. & Mrs. Bruce W. Flower

A. D. Frazier, Jr.

Nola Frink*

Betty* & Drew* Fuller

Sally & Carl Gable

William & Carolyn Gaik

Dr. John W. Gamwell*

Mr.* & Mrs.* L.L. Gellerstedt, Jr.

Ruth Gershon & Sandy Cohn

Micheline & Bob Gerson

Max Gilstrap

Mr. & Mrs. John T. Glover

Mrs. David Goldwasser

Robert Hall Gunn, Jr. Fund

Billie & Sig Guthman

Betty G.* & Joseph* F. Haas

James & Virginia Hale

Ms. Alice Ann Hamilton

Dr. Charles H. Hamilton*

Sally & Paul* Hawkins

John* & Martha Head

Ms. Jeannie Hearn*

Barbara & John Henigbaum

Mrs. Lela May Perry*

Mr.* & Mrs. Rezin E. Pidgeon, Jr.

Janet M. Pierce*

Reverend Neal P. Ponder, Jr.

Dr. John B. Pugh

William L.* & Lucia Fairlie*


Ms. Judy L. Reed*

Carl J. Reith*

Mr. Philip A. Rhodes

Vicki J. & Joe A. Riedel

Helen & John Rieser

Dr. Shirley E. Rivers*

David F. & Maxine A.* Rock

Glen Rogerson*

Tiffany & Richard Rosetti

Mr.* & Mrs.* Martin H. Sauser

James W.* & Mary Ellen*


Paul Kniepkamp, Jr.

Vivian & Peter de Kok

Miss Florence Kopleff*

Mr. Robert Lamy

James H. Landon

Ouida Hayes Lanier

Lucy Russell Lee* & Gary Lee, Jr.

Ione & John Lee

Mr. Larry M. LeMaster

Mr.* & Mrs.* William C. Lester

Liz & Jay* Levine

Robert M. Lewis, Jr.

Carroll & Ruth Liller

Ms. Joanne Lincoln*

Jane Little*

Mrs. J. Erskine Love, Jr.*

Nell Galt & Will D. Magruder

K Maier

John W. Markham*

Mrs. Ann B. Martin

Linda & John Matthews

Mr. Michael A. McDowell, Jr.

Dr. Michael S. McGarry

Richard & Shirley McGinnis

John & Clodagh Miller

Ms. Vera Milner

Mrs. Gene Morse*

Ms. Janice Murphy*

Mr. & Mrs. Bertil D. Nordin

Mrs. Amy W. Norman*

Galen Oelkers

Roger B. Orloff

Barbara D. Orloff

Dr. Bernard* & Sandra Palay

Sally & Pete Parsonson

James L. Paulk

Ralph & Kay* Paulk

Dan R. Payne

Bill Perkins

Bob & Mary Martha Scarr

Mr. Paul S. Scharff & Ms. Polly G. Fraser

Dr. Barbara S. Schlefman

Bill & Rachel Schultz

Mrs. Joan C. Schweitzer

June & John Scott

Edward G. Scruggs*

Dr. & Mrs. George P. Sessions

Mr. W. G. Shaefer, Jr.

Charles H. Siegel*

Mr. & Mrs. H. Hamilton Smith

Mrs. Lessie B. Smithgall*

Ms. Margo Sommers

Elliott Sopkin

Elizabeth Morgan Spiegel

Mr. Daniel D. Stanley

Gail & Loren Starr

Peter James Stelling*

Ms. Barbara Stewart

Beth & Edward Sugarman

C. Mack* & Mary Rose* Taylor

Isabel Thomson*

Jennings Thompson IV

Margaret* & Randolph* Thrower

Kenneth & Kathleen Tice

Mr. H. Burton Trimble, Jr.

Mr. Steven R. Tunnell

Mr. & Mrs. John B. Uttenhove

Mary E. Van Valkenburgh

Mrs. Anise C. Wallace

Mr. Robert Wardle, Jr.

Mr. & Mrs. John B. White, Jr.

Adair & Dick White

Mr. Hubert H. Whitlow, Jr.*

Sue & Neil* Williams

Mrs. Frank L. Wilson, Jr.

Mrs. Elin M. Winn

Ms. Joni Winston

George & Camille Wright

Mr.* & Mrs.* Charles R. Yates | @AtlantaSymphony |
| encore 60



Jennifer Barlament executive director

Alvinetta Cooksey executive & finance assistant

Emily Fritz-Endres executive management fellow

ARTISTIC Gaetan Le Divelec vice president, artistic planning

Hannah Davis choral and artistic manager

RaSheed Lemon aso artist liaison

Ebner Sobalvarro artistic administrator


Sarah Grant senior director of education

Ryan Walks talent development program manager

Elena Gagon coordinator of education & community engagement


Emily Liao Master vice president & general manager

Carrie Marcantonio interim director of orchestra personnel

Renee Hagelberg manager of orchestra personnel

Kelly Edwards director of operations

Paul Barrett senior production stage manager

Richard Carvlin stage manager

Joshua Luty principal librarian

Sara Baguyos associate principal librarian


Ashley Mirakian vice president, marketing & communications

Camille McClain director of marketing & communications

Adam Fenton director of multimedia technology

Delle Beganie content & production manager

Mia Jones-Walker marketing manager

Whitney Hendrix creative services manager, aso

Sean David video editor

Will Strawn director of marketing, live

Lisa Eng creative services manager, live

Caitlin Buckers marketing manager, live

Meredith Chapple marketing coordinator, live

Bob Scarr archivist & research coordinator


Russell Wheeler vice president, sales & revenue management

Nancy James front of house supervisor

Erin Jones director of sales & audience development

Jesse Pace senior manager of ticketing & patron experience

Dennis Quinlan manager, business insights & analytics

Robin Smith

patron services & season ticket associate

Jake Van Valkenburg sales coordinator

Milo McGehee guest services coordinator

Anna Caldwell guest services associate


Nicole Panunti vice president, atlanta symphony hall live

Michelle Hannaford associate director of events & hospitality

Christine Lawrence associate director of guest services

Jessi Lestelle event manager

Dan Nesspor ticketing manager, atlanta symphony hall live

Liza Palmer event manager

Nicole Jurovics booking & contract manager

Shamon Newsome booking & contract associate


Susan Ambo executive vice president & cfo

Kimberly Hielsberg vice president of finance

April Satterfield controller

Brandi Reed staff accountant DEVELOPMENT

Grace Sipusic vice president of development

Cheri Snyder senior director of development

William Keene director of annual giving

James Paulk senior annual giving officer

Renee Contreras director of foundation and corporate relations

Esther Kim development associate, major gifts

Dana Parness manager of individual giving & prospect research

Sharveace Cameron senior development associate

Sarah Wilson manager of development operations

Renee Corriveau donor stewardship & events coordinator

Jenny Ricke foundation & corporate giving associate | 61
CORPORATE & GOVERNMENT SUPPORT This program is supported in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts. Major funding is provided by the Fulton County Board of Commissioners. Major support is provided by the City of Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Cultural Affairs. | encore 62


Woodruff Circle members have contributed more than $250,000 annually to support the arts and education work of the Alliance Theatre, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, and High Museum of Art. We are deeply grateful to these partners who lead our efforts to help create opportunities for enhanced access to the work.

A Friend of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Anonymous*

Elizabeth Armstrong*

Around the Table Foundation*

Douglas J. Hertz Family Foundation*

Patty & Doug Reid*

A Friend of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra

The Antinori Foundation

Bank of America*

Chick-fil-A Foundation | Rhonda & Dan Cathy

$1,000,000+ $500,000+ $250,000+


AT&T Foundation

Farideh & Al Azadi Foundation

The Molly Blank Fund

The Halle Foundation

Invesco QQQ

Novelis, Inc.

The Rich’s Foundation

Emerald Gate Charitable Trust*

The Home Depot Foundation

Sarah & Jim Kennedy

Suzy Wilner*

The Shubert Foundation

Truist Trusteed Foundations:

Walter H. and Marjory M. Rich Memorial Fund and Truist Trusteed Foundations:

The Greene-Sawtell Foundation



* * * * * F O U N D A T I O N T H E IML AY * * | 63


Benefactor Circle members have contributed more than $100,000 annually to support the arts and education work of the Alliance Theatre, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, and High Museum of Art. We are deeply grateful to these partners who lead our efforts to help create opportunities for enhanced access to the work.

1180 Peachtree

A Friend of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra

ACT Foundation

Alston & Bird


Atlantic Station

The Helen Gurley Brown Foundation

Cadence Bank

City of Atlanta Mayor’s Office of Cultural Affairs

The Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta

Cousins Foundation

Ann & Jeff Cramer*

Sheila Lee Davies & Jon Davies

Reade & Katie Fahs*

Barney M. Franklin & Hugh W. Burke

Charitable Fund

Fulton County Board of Commissioners

Georgia Council for the Arts


Estate of Burton M. Gold


Graphic Packaging International, Inc.

John H. & Wilhelmina D. Harland

Charitable Foundation

Mr. & Mrs. Hilton H. Howell, Jr.

Jocelyn J. Hunter*

Jones Day Foundation & Employees

Kaiser Permanente

Abraham J. & Phyllis Katz Foundation

King & Spalding, Partners & Employees

The Sartain Lanier Family Foundation*

Charles Loridans Foundation, Inc.


The Marcus Foundation, Inc.

The Sara Giles Moore Foundation

National Endowment for the Arts

Amy W. Norman Charitable Foundation

Northside Hospital

Bob & Margaret Reiser*

Southern Company Gas

Carol & Ramon Tomé Family Fund

Warner Bros. Discovery

Kelly & Rod Westmoreland

Ann Marie & John B. White, Jr.

wish Foundation

*A portion or entirety designated to Capital and/or Endowment commitments | @AtlantaSymphony | | encore 64

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