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The Emory Wheel 100 Years of

Emory University’s Independent Student Newspaper

Volume 100, Issue 37

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Printed Every Wednesday

SAF Referendum Faces Constitutional Challenge By Thomas Kreutz Contributing Writer

Derrick Tran/Contributing

College Council (CC) President Jacob Hicks (18Ox, 20C) proposes a bill to restructure CC’s legislative and executive bodies at a meeting on Nov. 20.

Hicks Seeks to Restructure CC By Thomas Kreutz Contributing Writer

College Council (CC) President Jacob Hicks (18Ox, 20C) proposed a bill on Nov. 20 to restructure the legislative and the executive branches of CC. The bill passed by a unanimous vote and will proceed to a second vote on Dec. 4 where it must pass by a twothirds majority. The current CC framework is divided between an executive body and a legislative body. Executive positions

vary based on job description, while all legislators hold equal responsibility. In an interview with the Wheel, Hicks said that though legislators have been successful in procuring impactful legislation throughout the Fall semester, CC’s current structure puts too much pressure on legislators to brainstorm initiatives and fails to hold legislators accountable when proposed initiatives do not come to fruition. “Our current structure in how we do initiatives leads to a lack of direction, … and most initiatives die,” Hicks said.

“[The bill] will lay the framework for producing legislation with consistency, which doesn’t exist under the current framework.” Hicks’ bill would separate the legislative body into five committees: Audit, Budget, Administration, Communication and Programming. Each committee would work only on initiatives relevant to their respective topic. According to Hicks, each committee would have a chair and vice

See BILL, Page 4

College Council (CC) Vice President of Finance Aditya Jhaveri (21C) submitted a petition to the Constitutional Council on Monday that seeks to nullify the results of a Student Government Association (SGA) referendum that would amend the Finance Code and increase the Student Activity Fee (SAF). In the petition, Jhaveri called SGA’s handling of the undergraduate-wide referendum “unconstitutional” on several accounts. The Constitutional Council will hold a hearing regarding the petition on Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. in Classroom A of the Cox Computing Lab, according to Chief Justice Sam Branson (20C). Jhaveri’s petition states that SGA’s inability to properly advertise the referendum to the student body and the absence of explanatory text on the email ballot were violations of Part VII of Emory’s Code of Elections. The petition also states that SGA violated Part VII: Referendums, Article 1, Section 2, Clause C of Emory’s Code of Elections, which requires that two notifications be sent to the electorate two days prior

to voting. Additionally, the petition recommends that the Constitutional Council examine Part 29 of the SGA Finance Code, which requires student leaders looking to amend the SAF to “sufficiently publicize” the bill to the student body. According to the petition, SGA’s advertisement of the bill three hours before its first passage through the legislature and the lack of student attendance at both SGA general body meetings and SGA town halls should be considered “poor publicity.” The document also included accusations against SGA President Ben Palmer (18Ox, 20C). Jhaveri claimed that Palmer attempted to gather information about the referendum’s status from various members of student government during the voting period. According to Jhaveri, Palmer allegedly approached CC Vice President Hithardhi Duggireddy (20C) for this information and was denied. According to Jhaveri, there is no specific statute that Palmer violated in obtaining this information. “Constitutionally speaking, I would


Stories That Shaped SGA Continues Free Printing Initiative Emory in 2019 By Madison Bober and Alex Klugerman Copy Editor and Editor-at-Large Emory Grapples With Yearbooks Containing Openly R acist Photos The Wheel reviewed Emory yearbooks from the 1900s and discovered images depicting open displays of racism despite the University’s desegregation in 1963. The photos portrayed mock lynchings, Greek members dressed in Confederate uniforms and carrying Confederate flags, and students wearing Ku Klux Klan hoods. University President Claire E. Sterk acknowledged the photos and called for the formation of a commission to evaluate Emory’s legacy. “The offensive and racist images in our yearbooks cannot be erased any more than they can be forgotten,” Sterk wrote in a University-wide email. SGA Votes to Impeach Dwight Ma Following numerous allegations of abuse of power and a marathon closed-door hearing that lasted late into the night, the 52nd Student Government Association (SGA) voted 10-4 to impeach former SGA President Dwight Ma (17Ox, 19C) for unethical behavior. Former SGA Vice President of Communications Tiffany Haas (19C) lodged the initial complaint against Ma, alleging that he told her there would “be a problem” if she did

NEWS Jan Love to Serve

As Interim Provost Effective Dec. 16 ... PAGE 2 P

not inform him of her actions. Ma denied the accusations but acknowledged that he might have been perceived as threatening because English is his second language, citing the claims as “prejudiced.” Former SGA Executive Vice President John Priddy (19C) replaced Ma for the remainder of his term. Albert Zhang, Quiet Leader and Community Advocate, Dies at 17 Emory sophomore and former Wheel editor Albert Zhang Liang died Aug. 30, aged 17. A Robert W. Woodruff Scholar, Zhang was remembered by friends for his leadership, eternally optimistic outlook and sharp intellect. During his time on campus, Zhang served as the vice president of communications for College Council, a senior reviewer for the Emory Journal of Asian Studies, co-editor-in-chief of the Emory Undergraduate Medical Review, an executive board member of the Media Council and as a member of Federal Defender Program, Inc. The Office of Spiritual and Religious Life held a memorial service on Oct. 18.

By Tanika Deuskar and Ana Kilbourn Senior Staff Writer and Contributing Writer

The Student Government Association (SGA) convened on Monday night to vote on the continuation of the free printing initiative for Spring 2020. Bill 53sl25 passed unanimously. Last year, SGA passed Bill 52sl47, which gave undergraduate students five Eagle Dollars from SGA’s fee interest account and the Office of the

Provost to use for free printing. Of a total cost of $40,000, SGA funds $12,000, approximately 30 percent. The remaining 70% is funded by the Office of the Provost, according to a March 4 SGA presentation. The fee interest account is a result of the interest accumulated by the Student Activity Fee (SAF) funds. SGA Vice President Lori Steffel (21B) said that the fee interest account has strict stipulations on how SGA can allocate the funds, which means the account regularly goes unused. “Then, in effect, the students aren’t

really paying for it,” Steffel said. “It is the students’ money, just paid for in a different way. It’s coming from the interest generated from their money.” According to SGA President Ben Palmer (18Ox, 20C), Campus Life said over half the Eagle Dollars allotted have been used, and the office predicts almost all of the remaining funds will be used during finals week. Palmer said that, in meeting with Campus Life officials, he and Steffel have requested other offices to help pay for the free

See KUMAR, Page 1


Students Outraged Over Mock Eviction Notices Mock eviction notices distributed by Emory Students for Justice in Palestine during its Israel Apartheid Week led to outrage across the stu-

See EVICTION, Page 2

Isaiah Poritz/News Editor

Atlanta Mayor Keisha Lance Bottoms addresses a group of journalists on behalf of former Vice President and presidential candidate Joe Biden at the fifth Demococratic primary presidential debate on Nov. 20.

OP-ED We Need Native A&E Emory Dancers EMORY LIFE Alum SPORTS Writers Dish American Voices in Emory Exhibit Dynamism in Fall Alleviates Crowded Atlanta on Top Sports Moments of the Faculty... PAGE 9 Shelters ... Back Page PAGE 12 2010s ... PAGE 6 Showcase ...


Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Eviction Notices, Ma Impeachment and More

Continued from Page 1

dent body and an investigation by Emory’s Office of Student Conduct. Jewish groups on campus, including Emory Hillel, Chabad at Emory and the Emory-Israel Public Affairs Committee strongly condemned the notices, which were posted during the coinciding Israel Week, sponsored by Eagles for Israel. The Office of Residence Life and Housing Operations approved the posting of the notices around Emory’s campus but staff removed the flyers from students’ doors because distributors violated Campus Life’s policy against posting flyers on doors. The University Senate Open Expression Committee issued an opinion in which they found the fliers to be in compliance with Emory’s open expression policy and not anti-Semitic. The story made national headlines, and was picked up by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the New York Post and Fox 5 Atlanta, among others. University Investigates Extremist Blog Linked to Emory Instructor The Wheel connected an extremist blog that contained racist, antiIslam and anti-immigrant views to Emory Continuing Education (ECE) Italian instructor Laura Corvino. Corvino taught Basic Italian Grammar and Italian Opera Appreciation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute , a program located at Emory’s Executive Park campus. The profile had more than 3,100 subscribers and 1.1 million views as of the article’s publication time in February. Corvino is no longer affiliated with the University after they

investigated her blog. Sterk to Retire as President, Remain at Emory, Effective August 2020 University President Claire E. Sterk served for three years before announcing her retirement effective August 2020 in a University-wide email, crediting the move to a tiresome seven-day work week and her passion for teaching public health. After a one-year sabbatical, Sterk will return to Emory as faculty at the Rollins School of Public Health. She is the University’s first female president and her tenure has seen a student-led movement to designate Emory as a “sanctuary campus,” the annexation of Emory into Atlanta and the construction of the Emory Student Center. SGA Overspends by Over $28,000 Student leaders, SGA legislators and the rest of the student body were left in the dark for three months after the 2017-18 SGA Finance Committee overspent $28,019.33 of incoming revenue for the following fiscal year. The committee had overestimated the number of students who would enroll at Emory by using a projection that was not supported by past trends. The mismatch was not realized until late into Fall 2018, and a proposed plan to cut Media Council funding by 83.5 percent to compensate for the loss was later cut down to 32 percent. Before It Opens, A Look Inside The Emory Student Center

The Wheel gained access to the Emory Student Center (ESC) a month before the center’s soft opening in May. The building’s North and South Pavilions boasted offices and storage spaces, dining commons, lounges, and a large multipurpose room. State-of-the-art amenities can be found throughout the building, including floor-to-ceiling fritted glass windows and noise-cancelling privacy chairs. The ESC, which took almost two years to construct, replaced the temporary DUC-ling, which served its last meal on May 8. Undergraduate Student Body Votes to Increase SAF by $15 An undergraduate-wide ballot referendum to increase the Student Activity Fee (SAF) from $95 to $110 passed on Nov. 22 with 60 percent in favor. The referendum, initiated by SGA President Ben Palmer’s (18Ox, 20C) administration, also included a clause to automatically increase the fee by 1.5 percent every year and add minor modifications to the SGA Finance Code. A total of 1,213 ballots were cast over a 48-hour voting period. Such an increase was the largest of its kind since the fee was first introduced in 2006. SGA officials argued that the fee hike was necessary to compensate for a loss in buying power of SAF-funded clubs due to economic inflation and a growing student body.

— Contact Madison Bober and Alex Klugerman at and

The Emory Wheel

Jan Love to Serve As Interim Provost Jan Love, Dean of the Candler School of Theology

By Ninad Kulkarni Senior Staff Writer

Jan Love, dean of the Candler School of Theology, will serve as the University’s interim provost and executive vice president for academic affairs, according to a University-wide C E P /V email. She will replace outgoing Provost Senate and represented the UMC on and Executive Vice President for the World Council of Churches from Academic Affairs Dwight McBride, 1975 to 2006. “[Love] will be a strong academic who is leaving Emory in Spring 2020 to serve as president of The New leader for Emory and a tireless advoSchool (N.Y.). cate for its mission,” Academic Affairs The announcement Committee chairperfollows the recent son Katherine Rohrer news that McBride and stated in the email. “[Love] will be a University President The search process strong academic Claire E. Sterk will be for a new provost will stepping down from leader for Emory and commence once a new their respective posi- a tireless advocate for University president is appointed, accordtions. Love will continits mission.” ue to serve as the dean ing to the email. of the Candler School Until then, Love is — Katherine Rohrer, expected to serve as of Theology during Academic Affairs interim provost for her tenure as interim Committe Chairperson more than a year to provost. Jonathan Strom, facilitate a smooth associate dean of transition. The Board Faculty and Academic Affairs at the of Trustees is creating a search adviCandler School of Theology, will serve sory committee for the appointment as a senior associate dean to aid Love of a new president, according to a Nov. in her expanded role. 20 University-wide email from Robert Love has served as the first female C. Goddard, the chair of the Board of dean of the Candler School of Theology Trustees. since 2007 and previously served on Love will step into her new position the faculty of the University of South effective Dec. 16. Carolina. She is the secretary of the United — Contact Ninad Kulkarni at Methodist Church’s (UMC) University ourtesy of




Democratic Candidates Debate in Atlanta Photos by Isaiah Poritz, News Editor

The Emory Wheel

News Roundup

Compiled By Isaiah Poritz

Jimmy Carter Admitted to Hospital For Infection Former U.S. President and Emory University Distinguished Professor Jimmy Carter was admitted to Phoebe Sumter Medical Center in Americus, Ga., over the weekend to receive treatment for a urinary tract infection, according to a Dec. 2 Carter Center press release. Carter, 95, was released from Emory University Hospital on Thanksgiving Eve following recovery from a successful brain surgery to reduce internal bleeding. “He is feeling better and looks forward to returning home soon,” Director of Communications for The Carter Center Deanna Congileo stated in the press release. “We will issue a statement when he is released for further rest and recovery at home.” City of Brookhaven Approves Plans for University’s $1 Billion Research Complex On Nov. 27, the Brookhaven City Council approved plans by Emory University to build a $1 billion medical research complex at Executive Park, according to the Atlanta JournalConstitution (AJC). The campus will be called “Emory at Executive Park” and will be built over the next 15 to 20 years. The city initially required that the University build pedestrian bridges over Interstate 85 and North Druid Hills Road as a condition for rezoning 60 acres of land but ultimately dropped the requirement at the meeting. Instead, the city will oversee the construction of the bridges through property tax revenue on the new complex. Plans for the campus include a “140-bed hospital, clinical buildings, medical offices, administrative offices, a 200-room hotel and multifamily apartments,” according to the AJC. The University broke ground on a musculoskeletal facility at the campus on Oct. 4. Kennesaw State Student Reaches Settlement on Anthem Protest Lawsuit Kennesaw State University (KSU) (Ga.) cheerleader Tommia Dean reached a settlement with defendants whom she accused of violating her civil rights after she decided to kneel during the recitation of the national anthem at a Sep. 30, 2017 football

game. Dean’s lawyer did not disclose the details of the settlement, according to the AJC. Dean and four other cheerleaders took a knee at the game as a protest against police brutality and racism, following a similar act by then-NFL quarterback Colin Kaepernick. State lawmakers complained to former KSU president Sam Olens that the act was unpatriotic. At KSU’s next game, the university’s athletic department decided that cheerleaders would no longer stay on the field during the national anthem. Dean, who is now a senior, filed the lawsuit in September 2018. Governor to Pick Loeffler for Open U.S. Senate Seat, Defying Trump Gov. Brian Kemp is expected to pick businesswoman and political newcomer Kelly Loeffler to fill Georgia’s soonto-be vacant U.S. Senate seat at a press conference on Wednesday, according to the AJC. In August, longtime Sen. Johnny Isakson (R-Ga.) announced his intent to step down at the end of the year, citing health issues. Loeffler is the CEO of Bakkt, a digital assets firm, and a co-owner of the Atlanta Dream, the city’s WNBA franchise. If picked, Loeffler will be the second female U.S. senator in Georgia history. However, the appointment will defy President Donald J. Trump’s request that Kemp pick U.S. Rep. Doug Collins (R-Ga.), a four-term congressman and a loyal defender of Trump. According to the AJC, Collins would “strongly” consider running for the position in the November 2020 special election if Kemp does not choose him. Harris Drops out of Presidential R ace Sen. Kamala Harris (D-Calif.) announced that she was dropping out of the 2020 presidential race on Tuesday, citing her campaign’s financial difficulties, according to The New York Times. After The Times published an article on Nov. 29 that described problems in Harris’ campaign, caused an audit of the campaign’s finances. The decision came after layoffs at campaign offices in Baltimore and New Hampshire. In a tweet, Harris said she will continue to “fight for what this campaign has been about: Justice for People. All the people.”

— Contact Isaiah Poritz at


Crime Report

Compiled By Phyllis Guo

On Nov. 18 at 3:25 p.m., the Emory Police Department (EPD) received a report of fraudulent calls. The complainant, a graduate student at Emory, said that he received a computerized phone call on Nov. 15 at 10:33 a.m. that guided him through a series of prompts. He said that he followed the prompts and was soon connected with what sounded like a man. The complainant said that it was difficult for him and the man to understand each other. As a result, he stated that the phone call did not contain anything of substance and only lasted one minute and five seconds. The complainant said that he received another automated call that came from a different number on Nov. 16 at 2:43 p.m. He was again instructed to follow prompts and was connected to what sounded like a woman. He stated that during this call he was told that the caller was from the Social Security Administration and that there was a problem with his Social Security number (SSN). He said that the caller told him that someone had attempted to use his SSN fraudulently, and that she was going to cancel his SSN if he was sure that he was not the cause of the activity. He said that he provided his first name, last name and last four digits of his SSN to the caller. He said that the call ended shortly after. On Nov. 18 at 9:39 p.m., EPD responded to the O. Wayne Rollins Research Center in reference to a report of an active fight. Upon the officer’s arrival, the two male subjects walked away from the officer. The officer called out to the two males and asked one to go to sit on the curb. The officer observed the

tributing to the petition was the most objective course of action. “At the end of the day … I am not trying to make any opinion or comment on [Jhaveri’s] constitutional appeal,” Garbee said. “I believe in transparency, and that’s what happened.” Palmer sent an email statement to the Wheel on Tuesday night refuting the claims made by Jhaveri’s petition. The response included a detailed list of SGA’s efforts to publicize the campaign, including informational videos, discussions with divisional councils, interaction with students through email and outreach via social media. “While there were factors out of our control, particularly with well documented glitches with campus labs, we made every effort to overcome these obstacles,” Palmer wrote. “We did everything possible within what can be reasonably expected of full time students.”

other male, who continued to walk away from the officer, stumbling and struggling to walk toward Emory’s main campus. The officer said that the subject had difficulty standing on his own, and that once he stopped walking, he was unable to maintain his balance and fell over. He also yelled at the officer and refused to comply with verbal commands. The subject was placed under arrest for public drunkenness (O.C.G.A. 16-11-41). After being handcuffed to the rear and being told to walk toward the police vehicles, the subject yelled, “Which one? It’s a simple question — which car?” He then dragged his feet and attempted to force the officer to carry him. The officer placed him in the vehicle where he laid down in the back seat and refused to move. The officer said the subject refused to comply with commands and resisted by way of locking his arms. At some point during the interaction, the subject also urinated on himself. The subject was transported to the DeKalb County Jail without further incident. On Nov. 18 at 11:39 p.m., EPD responded to the Robert W. Woodruff Library in reference to a report of theft. The complainant said that he left his Apple AirPods Pro earphones on a table in the second-floor study area between 10:30 p.m. and 11:30 p.m. He said the AirPods were not where he left them when he returned. The officer viewed the video footage from the camera in the area reported by the complainant but did not find anything that appeared to be related to the incident. On Nov. 18 at 11:58 p.m., EPD responded to the Woodruff Residential Center (WoodREC) in


Constitutional Council to Hear Referendum Complaint say that it’s dubious, in the sense that there might not be a specific piece of text that highlights that,” Jhaveri said in an interview. “But I think it pretty much violates the point of a University-wide referendum and really undermines the point of reaching out to the student body.” In an email to Branson, CC Vice President of Budget Lyndsey Garbee (21B) said that she received two calls from Palmer in the four-hour period before the vote closed, during which Palmer made it apparent that he knew specific information about the vote split. “I can’t remember the exact wording of the call, but I do remember him telling me we were 29 ‘votes down,’” Garbee wrote in the email. “I received another call an hour later from Ben Palmer, saying the gap had been reduced to 14 votes.” In an interview with the Wheel, Garbee recounted the events detailed in her testimony and said that con-

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Palmer declined a request for an interview and referred the Wheel to his email statement. The drafting of this petition was a point of conflict for Jhaveri, who is a supporter of the SAF increase. Jhaveri argued that the handling of the campaign process and the outcome of the SAF increase must be dealt with separately. “There should be checks and balances in student government, and I think that the Constitutional Council is the way to go about doing that,” Jhaveri said. If the Constitutional Council decides to nullify the SAF bill, the Emory Board of Trustees can still implement the increase, according to Jhaveri. The Constitutional Council plans to make a verdict on Jhaveri’s petition by Sunday night, according to Branson.

— Contact Thomas Kreutz at


reference to a report of a narcotics violation. The complainant, a resident adviser (RA) at WoodREC, said that he received an anonymous phone call notifying him of drugrelated activity in a room on the fourth floor at 11:42 p.m. He said that he immediately went to investigate the information given to him, and met with the subject in the room. The complainant said that the subject had a small amount of marijuana on his desk. The complainant stated that when he was in the room, the bathroom door was open and he noticed a gold grinder on the bathroom countertop. The subject gave the EPD officer permission to enter his room and acknowledged that the marijuana and grinding instrument belonged to him. The officer confiscated the drugs and paraphernalia. Campus Life was notified about the incident. On Nov. 26 at 7:07 p.m., EPD responded to Emory University Hospital (EUH) at Wesley Woods in reference to a report of property damage. The complainant, an EUH Public Safety officer, said that the subject, a patient, ripped a wall-mounted telephone out of the wall after speaking to his parents. The complainant said that as he arrived on the scene, he witnessed the subject swinging the phone around as he taunted one officer who tried to approach him. The complainant said that he was able to calm the subject down by talking to him. The subject then received his medication from a staff member and went to his room without further incident.

— Contact Phyllis Guo at

Have a tip for the news team? Email Isaiah Poritz at

The Emory Wheel Volume 100, Number 37 © 2019 The Emory Wheel Alumni Memorial University Center, Room 401 630 Means Drive, Atlanta, GA, 30322 Business (404) 727-6178 Editors-in-Chief Nicole Sadek and Niraj Naik and Founded in 1919, The Emory Wheel is the financially and editorially independent, student-run newspaper of Emory University in Atlanta. The Wheel is a member publication of Media Council, Emory’s organization of student publications. The Wheel reserves the rights to all content as it appears in these pages, and permission to reproduce material must be granted by the editor-in-chief. The Wheel is printed every Wednesday during the academic year, except during University holidays and scheduled publication intermissions. A single copy of the Wheel is free of charge. To purchase additional copies, please call (404) 727-6178. The statements and opinions expressed in the Wheel are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Wheel Editorial Board or of Emory University, its faculty, staff or administration. The Wheel is also available online at


• In last week’s issue, “Pres. Sterk to Leave Office,” incorrectly states that Student Government Association President Ben Palmer and College Council President Jacob Hicks are (18Ox, 21C). In fact, they are both (18Ox, 20C). • In last week’s issue, “Eagles Advance to Elite 8,” the photo caption incorrectly states that the Emory volleyball team played Transylvania University (Ky.) in the finals. In fact, they played them in the semi-finals



Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Emory Wheel

Carlos Appoints Univ. Supports Intl. Student Employment Greek, Roman Curator By Calen MacDonald Senior Staff Writer United Kingdom-born art historian Ruth Allen has been appointed curator of Greek and Roman art for the Michael C. Carlos Museum, according to a Nov. 26 University press release. Allen most recently served as a visiting academic at the Institute of Classical Studies in London . Allen received a Bachelor of Arts in classics and a doctorate in art history from the University of Cambridge as well as a Master of Arts in art history from the The Courtauld Institute of Art in London. Previously, she worked in the Antiquities Department at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles and at the British Museum in London. Prior to working at the Institute of Classic Studies, she served as an undergraduate supervisor for the Faculty of Classics at the University of Cambridge and a department

administrator for the Department of Antiquities at Christie’s, an auction house in London. “My favorite aspect of being a curator is, undoubtedly, the opportunity the job brings to combine research with storytelling,” Allen said, according to the press release. “I am always learning from colleagues, from students and from the public, and that is also a great pleasure.” The Carlos Museum began searching for a curator of Greek and Roman art in August 2018 and hired Allen in April 2019. The call for applications stated that, in addition to curating exhibits, the curator reports to the director of the Carlos Museum, serves on a team of collectors, educators and administrative staff, and leads collaborations across departments.

— Contact Calen MacDonald at

By Calen MacDonald Senior Staff Writer

On Nov. 21, Emory joined 117 colleges and universities in filing an amicus curiae brief to the United States District Court for the District of Columbia in support of international student employment in the United States. An amicus curiae brief is a document submitted by a third party that offers a court insight into a particular issue. Emory has submitted previous briefs opposing the 2017 travel ban and supporting Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. The 36-page brief was filed in support of the Optional Practical Training (OPT) program, a government program offered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services that allows international students to hold a job directly related to their field of study in the U.S., according to the OPT website.

Two types of OPT are currently offered to either students who have completed one year of study at a university or to students who have recently graduated.

“Without OPT, the education that international students will receive in the [U.S.] will be less robust, — Amicus Curiae Brief

The brief concerns the case Washington Alliance of Technology Workers Union (WashTech) v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, which challenges the post-completion OPT offered to students who have

graduated. WashTech has filed various lawsuits challenging the OPT since its first attempt to combat the program in 2014. “Without OPT, the education that international students will receive in the United States will be less robust, and the ability of American colleges and universities to attract and educate the best and brightest from around the world will diminish,” the brief states. The brief also praises the OPT for permitting “international students to continue, and deepen, their education by applying the skills and knowledge they learn in the classroom to a professional setting.” Emory offers workshops and advising through International Student and Scholar Services to international students looking to apply to the OPT.

— Contact Calen MacDonald at

Kumar Discusses Expanding Hours at Dobbs Common Table Continued from Page 1 printing initiative in the future. “This is a pilot, and so we’re trying to advocate for this to be something other offices pay for and not us,” Palmer said. Steffel clarified that by the end of the semester, the unused, remaining amount from the five dollars rolls back into the Office of the

Provost’s and SGA’s budgets. “The more people who use it, the less likely [SGA will] have to pay for it later,” Palmer said. SGA Meets with Emory Dining to Extend DCT Hours Sophomore Representative Rhea Kumar (22B) and Freshman

Representatives Diana Hernandez (23C) and Joseph Banko (23C) said that they have made progress on their initiative to expand dining hours at the Dobbs Common Table (DCT). In an interview with the Wheel, Kumar said that during finals week, the DCT will have the salad station and the panini station, along with some other food options, open until 10 p.m. According

Honor Council Compiled By Emma Simpson

The Honor Council found a sophomore in a natural sciences course responsible for plagiarism and unauthorized assistance on a lab report. The student submitted work identical to a classmate’s report, including the classmate’s name. In a full hearing, the student explained that he and the classmate had independently completed their own work, but had collaborated and shared documents with each other. The student accidentally submitted the classmate’s work instead of his own. The Honor Council considered the sharing of completed work to exceed the bounds of appropriate collaboration. Due to the small value of the assignment, the Honor Council recommended a mitigated sanction of a zero on the assignment, a one-letter grade deduc-

tion in the course, a one-year Honor Code probation and a mandatory educational program. The Honor Council found a sophomore in a humanities course not responsible for unauthorized assistance and using an electronic device in an exam. A proctor reported that the student repeatedly engaged in suspicious behavior during the exam, including looking into her lap for prolonged periods and positioning her body in a way that could be concealing a device. In a full hearing, the student denied having a device during the exam and explained that the reported behaviors were due to an injury. After reviewing available video of the exam and the proctor’s testimony, the Honor Council agreed that the student’s behavior appeared suspicious, but it did not find clear and convincing

evidence that a violation had occurred. The Honor Council found a senior in a humanities course responsible for plagiarism on a paper. The instructor reported that the student unexpectedly submitted the assignment after missing a substantial amount of class and was a verbatim match to an online source. In an expedited hearing, the student explained that he was overwhelmed by other work and stressful personal circumstances. As a result, he found an essay online and submitted it as his own work. He acknowledged responsibility for plagiarism on the paper. Due to the blatant plagiarism of an entire assignment, the Honor Council recommended an F in the course and a one-year Honor Code probation.

— Contact Emma Simpson at

to Kumar, all the food will be available at a “centralized” location, instead of being spread over the entire dining area. Kumar said that Emory Dining will also try to expand breakfast hours. “They are going to work on breakfast being available until 10:30 or 10:45 rather than 10, because a lot of people complain that when they get out of their 10:15 class, there aren’t any

breakfast options,” she said. The timeline for the updated breakfast schedule is unclear, but the change isn’t likely to be implemented until next semester.

— Contact Tanika Deuskar at and Ana Kilbourn at

Bill to See Second Vote on Dec. 4 Continued from Page 1 chair and would provide legislators with leadership opportunities. The bill would not change the number of elected legislators each year. In a Dec. 2 email statement to the Wheel, Second-Year Legislator Tate Stevenson (22B) said he was optimistic for the outcome of Hicks’ bill. “A lot of time and thought has been exhausted to ensure the structure best enables us as a Council to better respond to student and organization concerns,” Tate wrote in the email. “As a legislator, I am pleased to be able to serve on and chair more committees. But best of all, this new structure allows for more student voices and input which is the heart of student governance.”

Hicks’ bill also states that select executive positions would take on new names that better reflect their job responsibilities, clearing the previous ambiguity of the old titles. For example, the Administration position, which is responsible for chartering student organizations, would change to Student Organization Management, Hicks said. Under the new bill, executive committees like Communications and Budgeting would see the addition of various assistant positions to help alleviate a disproportionate workload. According to Hicks, even if the bill passes a second vote, the implementation will likely span the rest of the school year.

— Contact Thomas Kreutz at

The Emory Wheel


Wednesday, December 4, 2019 | Opinion Editor: Zach Ball (


SAF Ballot Blunder Spotlights SGA’s Routine Miscommunication Last week, the Student Government Association (SGA) passed notification for the meeting three hours after it began. While the late delivery of the email was not SGA’s fault, SGA a referendum to raise the Student Activity Fee (SAF) and amend could have mitigated the problem by quickly scheduling another the Finance Code. However, the success of the motion’s passage shouldn’t distract meeting after it became aware of the mistake. In the future, SGA should immediately reschedule any Town from the procedural failures of its ratification. There were many hiccups along the way — such as the late Hall meetings that are not communicated to the student body in Town Hall email and convoluted links — that caused significant a timely manner. The organization should also ensure that documents are as confusion and hindered efficiency. The ballot was not formatted clearly and lacked proper contex- clear and concise as possible, and should consider making more informative videos on the various other parts of the referendum tualization within the email notification. Instead of summarizing the proposed changes to the Finance in accessible language. While SGA’s measures to educate the electorCode, the email provided students with links to ate have historically fallen short, the website and several limited documents that only briefly menvideo they created to inform students about the tioned the SAF. SAF are evidence of their good intentions. The documents focused on broader changes to There is clearly sufficient will on SGA’s part the Finance Code that SGA did not explain to the to inform students and encourage them to parstudent body. Combining all of the ticipate, but for now, their actions don’t live up The ballot included a single question: “Do you approve the suggested changes to the Finance changes into one vote to that ideal. prevented people’s SGA oversimplified the content of their proCode?” posal by diverting all the attention to the SAF Vague choices of “yes” or “no” meant that stuability to disagree rather than addressing the other changes prodents who wanted to vote to increase the SAF also with other parts of posed in their referendum. voted for other amendments the Finance Code. the reform. Further email delays are inexcusable, especialMany of the more detailed policy changes were ly since such confusing communications contribnot publicized prior to the referendum, inciting ute to a general mistrust of SGA’s transparency. concern that SGA is not being transparent about SGA must continue to work toward stronthe changes. ger transparency and communication with the The absence of more publicity about the referstudent body, otherwise they risk jeopardizing endum, either by SGA or by other student groups, honest elections. was complicit in the misrepresentation of the vote. While SGA’s SAF raise could help secure financial safety for Even if the other changes to the Finance Code were ornamental at best, it still would have been important to clarify the distinction many campus clubs, their attempts were overshadowed by a lack of reliable and accessible information. between them and the SAF increase. A lack of information is still misinformation and can critically Combining all of the changes into one vote prevented people from being able to disagree with other parts of the reform. SGA endanger future elections on campus if the precedent of omitting information from the ballot persists. SGA should make honest should, in the future, lay out each part of the referendum. A lack of information is also misinformation, and SGA neglect- attempts to engage in dialogue about transparency when writing future ballots. ed to make up for its communication lapses. Punctual emails and clear wording may not be as flashy as a SGA made its most overt blunder when it failed to hold an additional Town Hall meeting after students received an email custom website, but they are imperative if SGA wants to maintain

Kimia Tabatabaei serves as a sophomore legislator on College Council and has recused herself from this article. The above editorial represents the majority opinion of the Wheel’s Editorial Board The Editorial Board is composed of Zach Ball, Devin Bog, Jake Busch, Meredith McKelvey, Andrew Kliewer, Boris Niyonzima, Nick Pernas, Kimia Tabatabaei and Grace Yang.

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Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Reform ResLife Training Ciara Murphy Take yourself back to your first semester at Emory. Try to remember the complicated emotions you experienced and the person who got you through them. For some, a roommate or friend from Orientation turned into their confidante. But for many others, first-year experience (FYE) residence life staff members may have facilitated the role of listener and educator. Resident advisers (RA), sophomore advisers (SA) and complex directors (CD) are dependable resources and mentors for on-campus residents. Despite the intensive training Residence Life staff undergo, the sessions do not adequately prepare the staff to educate residents on real-life consequences for conduct violations. Residence Life must update how they prepare RAs and SAs for their roles in order to minimize confusion about Emory policy and procedures, state versus local laws and potential consequences for both staff and residents. When a staff member smells marijuana in a room, the standard Residence Life procedure requires the on-call RA to knock on the door to gain entrance. Once the door is open, the RA investigates the room for drugrelated paraphernalia in plain sight or evidence of its presence in the room. If he or she finds marijuana or other illicit items, the RA is required to contact the Emory Police Department (EPD) since marijuana is illegal both on campus and in the state. Residents are typically warned of this process at their first hall meeting. Yet, despite this verbal warning there is not an easily accessible statement that describes RA investigatory protocol in response to potential conduct violations that residents can refer to after their first hall meeting. Additionally, it is difficult to locate specifics on state and local laws from Emory resources. As a result of this, it is imperative that SAs and RAs receive stronger training about Georgia and Atlanta laws to help increase awareness. Section 1.2.3 of Emory’s 2019-20 Housing Policies states that Emory follows Georgia state law with regard to who can possess and purchase alcohol in a residence hall. The age requirement of 21 to obtain alcohol in the

United States is a well-known and standardized metric across the nation. However, despite the drinking age being set by state law, the majority of alcohol-related violations are handled by Emory’s conduct board, not by EPD, which is protocol for other housing infractions. The Housing Policies also fail to give proper attention to the complicated issue of marijuana at an institution where first-year students come from all 50 states and abroad. Section 1.2.4 of the Housing Policies groups marijuana with all kinds of illegal substances, and Section 8.8 of University policy does not elaborate on state and local laws related to marijuana. There is no mention of the 2017 Atlanta ordinance that decriminalizes the possession of less than one ounce of marijuana. Revising existing policy to include specifics about local and state laws on drugs and alcohol would be valuable to the preparation of RAs and SAs who can communicate this information to their residents and increase their effectiveness. Residence Life procedures and educational outreach have not done enough to inform residents about state and local laws and the ways that they play into a student’s Emory experience. Residence Life must update how they teach RAs and SAs about both Emory policy and relevant state and local laws to help shape more informed decision makers. Emory consistently demonstrates a close relationship with the city of Atlanta through its annexation and properties in the city, but the University fails to give students commonsensical information about the world outside the campus bubble. Former and current RAs, SAs and CDs should critically reflect on their experiences with policy enforcement and bring thoughtful suggestions on how to fix the system to their supervisors. With the start of a new decade quickly approaching, Residence Life should move into 2020 by developing stronger educational outreach programs with Atlanta City Council members and EPD and use staff suggestions to restructure future training. Ciara Murphy (21C) is from Belmont, Mass. She was previously a sophomore adviser for Hamilton Holmes Hall.

The Emory Wheel Letter to the editor

We Need Native American Voices What would it look like for Emory University to align more ethically and transparently with respect to its past and present relationships with the Muscogee Creek Nation and Muscogee Creek people, and with respect to the contemporary realities of Native American people and nations in the United States today? Why does this matter? And who does the work? There are 573 federally recognized Indian Nations in the United States. Native Americans are approximately 2 percent of the national population. Across the U.S., Native American nations, intellectuals, artists and youth have been guiding lights for thinking in fresh and powerful ways about our relations to each other, the planet, food systems, health and wellness and the power of story. At the same time, there are pressing, urgent needs in Native American communities for greater access to better education, health care, environmental protections and so much more, to support the possibilities of viable, just and meaningful futures. There is a deafening silence at Emory. There is limited inclusion of Native American voices and issues in the curriculum. Limited representation among our otherwise quite diverse faculty, staff and student body. No recognition of the land that we live and work on. Little to no mention of Indigenous Peoples Day (October 14th this year). And little to no programming for Native American Heritage Month (November). It should not fall upon a tiny and already overburdened minority of Native American faculty and students to be the front-line advocates for changes that might bring greater ethical alignment and fundamental knowledge in these areas. At Emory University we are on land that is the ancestral homeland of the Muscogee (Creek), also spelled Mvskoke (Creek). Emory was founded in 1836, during a period of sustained oppression, land dispossession and forced removals of Mvskoke (Creek) and Ani’yunwi’ya (Cherokee) nations and peoples from Georgia and the

Southeast. Dramatic encroachment on Indigenous land and rights had been ongoing since European settlement. In the 1820s, Mvskoke (Creek) were dispossessed of their land in the state of Georgia through coerced and fraudulent treaties. During this time, they relocated to Oklahoma, Arkansas and Alabama. In 1836, the Mvskoke (Creek) who had remained in Alabama were forcibly removed westward to present­day Oklahoma by the U.S. government. The present-day Muscogee (Creek) Nation in Oklahoma is the fourth largest tribal nation in the U.S. with over 86,000 citizens.

There is a deafening silence at Emory. There is limited inclusion of Native American voices and issues in the curriculum [and] limited representation among our otherwise quite diverse faculty, staff and student body. This history is little known at Emory. Many universities in both the U.S. and Canada have land acknowledgement statements that are read at the start of important events. They also appear on websites and campus signage. Here is one example: “[I/We/ Indiana University] wish/es to acknowledge and honor the Miami, Delaware, Potawatomi, and Shawnee people, on whose ancestral homelands and resources Indiana University was built” (The First Nations Educational & Cultural Center). Anyone can make a land acknowledgement statement at any time. Official land acknowledgement statements can be viewed as empty and formulaic if they are not connected

in meaningful ways to resources and other actions. So what is more meaningful? Over the past five years we, and other Emory faculty, as well as Emory staff and students, have raised concerns with the leadership at Emory University. We have asked for increases in Native American faculty, staff and students; dedicated resources for scholarly programming in Native American studies; a land acknowledgement statement and stronger intellectual, cultural and educational links to Muscogee Creek institutions and individuals. Emory’s Office of Undergraduate Admission is starting to make headway with undergraduate recruitment, and hosted a far-reaching symposium to explore these various issues in Fall 2018. Beyond Dean of Admission John Latting’s office, direct and visible changes have yet to occur. What is next? We invite President Claire E. Sterk to directly take this issue on as a moral mandate before leaving office: to remedy the glaring absence of Native American faculty, programming and connections to Muscogee Creek people. Dedicating resources for a cluster hire in Native faculty in areas of public health, religion, law, history and literature would be an effective way to begin. In addition, we hope that each person reading this open letter can call upon themselves and our leadership to work for greater representation, inclusion and alignment with Native American peoples, nations and interests. The remedies can begin today. This letter was written by Associate Professor of Anthropology Debra Vidali, Associate Professor of English Craig Womack, English Lecturer and Emory Writing Center Director Mandy Suhr-Sytsma, Senior Lecturer of French and Italian Christine Ristaino, and Assistant Professor of Art History and Michael. C. Carlos Museum Faculty Curator Megan O’Neil.

Atlanta Rally Highlights Warren’s Versatility on Race Ben Thomas

Elizabeth Warren will never fully understand the plight of the black voter, and she wants us all to know. Along with nine other presidential candidates, Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.) arrived in Atlanta last week to participate in the Nov. 20 Democratic presidential primary debate and to garner support among Atlanta’s hugely influential African American community. Nowhere did the latter become more evident than at her rally held at Clark Atlanta University, a prominent historically black university, the night following the debate. Warren’s appeal at that event was not only effective, but also overcame the credibility issues posed by her identity as an older, white woman and tied powerfully into her signature economic populism. Warren’s target audience for this event was obvious from the beginning. Televisions at the rally proclaimed its focus on black women’s issues, staffers handed out “Black Women for Warren” buttons and signs, and she was introduced by prominent freshman Rep. Ayanna Pressley (D-Mass.). Evoking the age-old hardships faced by domestic workers in the area, Warren worked very hard — and successfully — to

demonstrate her understanding of the problems facing black women. After Pressley’s fiery introduction, Warren declared that “as a white woman, [she] will never fully understand the discrimination, pain and harm that black Americans have experienced.” In so doing, she openly admitted her status as an outsider. Warren clearly demonstrates that while she has no right to claim any kind of personal identification with the black community, she understands that surrounding herself with those who do can inform her policy plans. Bringing Pressley and the organizing group Black Womxn For to the Clark Atlanta gymnasium was no accident. And her calls for reparations and repealing the 1994 omnibus crime bill drew strong contrasts with her opponents, particularly former U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, a principal architect of the latter. Couching her appeals to black women and students in tailored policies and Atlanta activists’ biographies was shrewd on Warren’s part. If the spirit and furor of the crowd by the end of her 40 minute speech was any indication, it was also very effective. Yet Warren has faced repeated accusations of racial pandering, as any politician can reasonably expect when commenting on issues in which they have

no personal stake. These allegations are both disruptive in their spirit and superficial in their perspective. Labeling Warren a panderer would be more than reasonable had she only begun fighting for black-friendly policies as a candidate. But the senator has established a long pattern of sensitivity to and action on issues important to the black community, ranging from her 2013 vote for expanded background checks to her 2018 introduction of a bill protecting state-level cannabis legalization. Race is a difficult subject for any candidate to tackle, especially a white one who derives privileges from the associated disparities. The most successful approach must define the conflict surrounding it objectively, both in terms of race and the underlying class-related issues, while also calling attention to the systemic damage done to America’s black community. Warren’s humility as a white woman and her long-running commitment to highlighting black America’s struggle are powerful enough. But crucially, she consistently cements her credibility on racial economic inequities by boiling them down to what she knows best: socioeconomic inequality and injustices perpetrated by society’s elites. In one particularly fiery moment, Warren declared to the audience that

“the rich and powerful want us to fear each other because they are afraid of us.” Her narrative was by no means one of compensation for past injustices. She instead chose to spotlight the inequality that black women face, blame it on artificial divisions created by those beholden to special interests and call for cooperation between black and white alike to level the playing field once and for all. In so doing, she implied that while she herself doesn’t belong to the black community, she shares its identification with the vast segment of America fighting against the selfish elite and therefore is a valuable ally in the struggle. Her efforts seem even more appropriate when viewed in comparison to U.S. President Donald J. Trump’s recent Atlanta rally. Asking the black voters present, “What the hell do you have to lose?” and highlighting no substantive policy proposals to address such pressing issues as gaps in educational opportunity and access to health care, Trump merely made empty promises. Particularly in light of his past tweets implying moral equivalence between white supremacists and counterprotesters at the 2017 Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, Va., his comments rang hollow where Warren’s felt authentic. Although Warren clearly demon-

strated a strong approach to black issues at her rally, her conception of America’s racial divides was radically oversimplified. Her appeals were structured around “black and white workers” achieving structural change and divisions between “blacks and whites.” America is more than that; we are a diverse nation with diverse problems. Particularly in light of Warren’s past controversial claims of Cherokee heritage, her routine failure to address problems specific to Asian, Native American, Hispanic and other groups is a glaring one. Moreover, her nearequation of race with social status is a dangerous distortion of the complexity of those issues. To show voters that she is more qualified to improve minority representation in government and fight de facto segregation than candidates with stronger personal stakes, such as Sen. Cory Booker (D-N.J.), she must confront them with the humility she has otherwise exemplified. The senator may have her flaws, but she showed definitively at Clark Atlanta University that she can properly engage the problems facing African Americans. While Warren may not have lived the black struggle, she knows how to work with and for those who have. Ben Thomas (23C) is from Dayton, Ohio.


The Emory Wheel

Wednesday, December 4, 2019


Leave the SCOTUS Alone: Nine Justices is Just Right

Daniel Meek/Contributing

Ben Thomas For the first time in nearly a decade, the Supreme Court on Monday struggled with the Second Amendment to the Constitution, potentially setting the stage for a monumental expansion of gun rights nationwide. With its newly stabilized slate of justices, the Court appears ready to embark on what may be its most influential term in years. Now more than ever, its looming impacts on divisive, life-or-death issues ranging from gun control to the DREAM Act call attention to what may be the most significant political question of our generation: judicial reform. Time and time again, frustrations with obstructionism and deadlock in Washington have boiled over into fool-

hardy attempts to control the Supreme Court. Now, many current presidential candidates have quietly released plans to do exactly that. Politicizing our judicial system is a prospect foolish and terrifying alike, and we as students, the heirs to America’s democratic experiment, have a duty to consider that carefully when voting in next year’s elections. The idea of tampering with the Supreme Court to advance a political agenda is not new. Many relevant proposals have come and gone over the centuries, but by far the most common element of these plans has been so-called court-packing. Historically, Congress has mostly added seats to the court after establishing new federal court circuits, but packing involves increasing the size of the bench purely to reshape it in the interests of the cur-

rent administration. In the best-understood example of the debate over such reform, former U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt tried in 1937 to stack the Supreme Court with justices sympathetic to his New Deal policies. Frustrated with the Court’s invalidation of some of his welfare projects, he appealed to Congress and the public to support the plan with little success. The initiative quickly became one of the greatest debacles of his presidency. Worryingly, modern politicians have not learned from Roosevelt’s failure. The nuances and rationales for their proposals may vary, but many candidates, including Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), have tacitly endorsed packing the Court for months. Partially in response to Senate Republicans’ obstruction of Merrick Garland’s confirmation process in 2016, calls for reform have slowly gained traction within the Democratic party in recent months. The constitutionality of expanding the Court is widely accepted, but its sensibility is a different story. While a unified Democratic government would find passing liberal legislation much easier with an artificially liberal Supreme Court, any largescale change wouldn’t last long. A Republican government succeeding it would enter with the precedent to use the same tactics to both undo the previous administration’s work and freely advance its own agenda. In this way, establishing court-packing as acceptable would effectively make the Supreme Court an arm of Congress

Let’s Give Kaldi’s a Break

Sustainability and Ethics Brew in House Patrick Czabala Students at Emory love to hate on Kaldi’s Coffee for its prices, though they are certainly steep. The average espresso drink, latte or otherwise, will run you a bit more than similar drinks at competitors like Starbucks and Blue Donkey. A 16-ounce vanilla latte, for example, is about 50 cents more at Kaldi’s than the campus Starbucks. Take a look at the food prices and you may consider the idea that you aren’t that hungry after all. But, contrary to popular feeling, Kaldi’s is actually the good guy. We ought to support Kaldi’s Coffee with our patronage and reward it for its exemplary business practices. Peek in the Kaldi’s kitchen and you will see true artisanship. A baker comes in every morning at 4 a.m. to prepare most of the items you see in the bakery display case. That avocado mash on your toast? It was made in-house from real avocados that have never been frozen. The almond butter in your smoothie? Locally sourced. Ever notice that your smoothie has actual fruit in it and not some fruit puree like that found in the Eagle Emporium? That espresso in your iced latte? Kaldi’s only purchases from farmers that it visits and verifies for itself, and the company pays 15 percent above the fair trade price for its coffee. Did I forget to mention that it’s organic? A trend begins to emerge: Kaldi’s is committed to bringing you high-quality, healthy products. Part of Kaldi’s mission is to continually improve its sustainability. This commitment ranges from compostable trash bags to recyclable cup sleeves sourced using sustainable forestry, not

to mention the added municipal fees of recycling (yes, recycling costs more than trash disposal). A new, compostable bag for takehome coffee beans is currently being rolled out. Clearly, Kaldi’s has a grasp on its environmental impact and takes steps to mitigate its waste output, protect its farmers and offer ways for patrons to get involved in the process. Kaldi’s knows that a business is built on people. People run the registers, make your mochas and prepare your food. Rather than settle for the federally set minimum-wage, Kaldi’s is leaps and bounds ahead of its competitors in employee compensation.

Making sustainable choices has a cost trade-off, but if we are going to address environmental problems, it’s a necessary first step.

Team members at Kaldi’s are paid above the Georgia living wage ($12.46 for an unmarried worker with no dependents). Compare this to the average wage of a Starbucks worker in Atlanta ($9.48, according to Indeed), and the difference is clear. Not only does the compensation rate make for a competitive application process, but it gives people a hand-up without giving them a hand-out while still operating in the free market. And it translates to happier work-

ers, which goes hand-in-hand with the customer-focused service you experience when you walk into one of its locations. To demand companies to do something about climate change, offer healthy, local and sustainable food, and pay their employees enough to live on, then complain that the prices are too high is myopic and ignorant. Kaldi’s is a paragon of the ideal 21stcentury business. Many may ask, “What about lowincome students?” I am one. Sure, I scoffed when I first saw that a turkey bacon sandwich was nearly $10. But Kaldi’s offers ways for students to make economically responsible choices, too. Their introduction of special dripcoffee pricing for Dooley Dollar purchases makes a drip coffee cheaper than nearly anywhere else on campus (bring your own mug and a 16-ounce coffee is 45 cents cheaper than either Starbucks or Blue Donkey). Making sustainable choices has a cost trade-off, but if we are going to address environmental problems, it’s a necessary first step. We can’t just wait for some new regulation or government intervention to force companies to adhere to increasingly controlling policies. So next time you go into Kaldi’s, appreciate the ideals you are supporting by giving the company your business. Be patient if your food doesn’t come out just right. And please, stop bashing Kaldi’s for its prices. Patrick Czabala (23C) is from Roswell, Ga. He is an employee at Kaldi’s Coffee. Managing Editor Shreya Pabbaraju (21C) is a brand ambassador for Kaldi’s Coffee and was not involved in

and the presidency, spelling its end as an independent branch of the federal government. The court system does not exist to write new laws, nor does it exist to enforce them. Rather, a judge’s job is to interpret existing laws on the basis of his or her ideology and recommend solutions to disputes. A packed Supreme Court, subordinate to politicians’ whims, would be forced to make those decisions based not on the political philosophies of its justices, but instead on the politics of those in power. Without the credibility conferred by their independence, the courts would become little more than vapid megaphones for the current administration’s opinions. The Supreme Court has provoked much debate recently, with many in both parties decrying it as hopelessly partisan and already beholden to the whims of politicians. But the data simply doesn’t back that up. While presidents making nominations to the bench are Democratic and Republican, the judges they select are liberal and conservative; partisan affiliation and judicial philosophy are not the same. The ideological correlation between the two may often be undeniable, but the fact remains that judges are not bound by any labels to follow the whims of party leadership. Senior members of Congress routinely whip senators and representatives into adopting new positions — but not judges. Appointees’ decisions do track closely with the ideologies of the presidents who nominated them at first, but all justices’ leanings shift gradually

over time, some drastically. Members of the Supreme Court are not Democrats, they are not Republicans and they are not proxies for the presidents who sponsored their appointments. They are judges. Criticism of the Supreme Court as being out of touch with the will of the people is similarly unwarranted — allowing politicians to pack it on that basis would solve a problem that doesn’t exist. Many justices throughout history have changed their ideologies, sometimes radically, to reflect strong public opinion. Notably, the conservative Supreme Court that gave Roosevelt so much trouble changed course to support his New Deal agenda in the face of strong popular opposition. The federal courts are, while admittedly imperfect, America’s greatest bastion of impartiality and rational governance in an increasingly volatile sea of partisanship. As former Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor said, “The freedom to criticize judges … is necessary to a vibrant democracy. The problem comes when healthy criticism is replaced with more destructive intimidation and sanctions.” So hold your judges accountable. If you disagree with a ruling, say so and make your reasoning clear — doing exactly that is your civic duty. Most importantly, though, when you vote next year (as you should), think long and hard about whether you want to be judged by a judge or by a politician’s stooge. The choice is yours. Ben Thomas (23C) is from Dayton, Ohio.

Dining Must Increase Halal Selection Sara Khan Picture this: it’s another Tuesday night, and I’m slowly dragging myself out of biology lab to go eat before a long night of studying in the stacks. As a practicing Muslim that only eats halal foods, my dining choices are already greatly limited. In fact, the only meat option available to me at the Dobbs Common Table (DCT) is one dish at the Fire and Spice station. While I do appreciate the fact that Emory offers a halal option, it seems unfair that I am restricted to only one dish and one type of food whenever I want to eat meat. While vegetarian and vegan options are available, I often end up hungry in the middle of the night, wishing I had found something more substantial to eat before I went to sleep. Emory must do more to offer a greater selection of halal, kosher and vegetarian options to sufficiently meet the needs of students with specialized diets. As a freshman representative for the Emory Muslim Student Association (MSA), I am part of a community that works to make campus life easier for practicing Muslim students. At our Town Hall earlier this semester, an overwhelming number of students expressed concerns over the dining hall’s limited halal options. There seems to be no real urgency by the Emory administration to put any plans into action. I’ve heard multiple upperclassmen say that they’ve given up on pushing for any sort of reform because they feel the administration does not understand the amount of people that this issue directly affects. If the DCT can have an entire section for kosher and vegan foods, why can’t there be one specifically for halal foods? All students at Emory with dietary restrictions deserve ample options for breakfast, lunch and dinner every day. Instead of allotting one specific sec-

tion of the DCT to go toward halal options, Emory Dining Services work to provide halal options that aren’t solely Indian dishes. Whether or not a student follows Islamic practices such as eating halal meat isn’t an issue, so if the staff added halal meat to the stirfry one day or to the pizza the next, this change wouldn’t have a drastic impact on the operations of the DCT or students without dietary restrictions. Additionally, many Muslims on Emory’s campus fast during Ramadan, which will fall in the months of April and May this upcoming year. A typical fast during Ramadan consists of a meal called Sahoor before sunrise and a meal called Iftaar at sundown. In between sunrise and sunset, Muslims who fast are not allowed to eat or drink anything. More often than not, Suhoor and Iftaar take place at times when the DCT is not open, resulting in limited food options for students fasting on that particular day. In light of this, the DCT should offer a system that allows meal swipes during that month to be converted into Dooley Dollars so that students can buy food from Cox Hall for Iftaar after 8 p.m. when most DCT stations typically close or so that students can stock up on breakfast foods from the Eagle Emporium in the Emory Student Center. This would allow students to make use of any leftover meal swipes during the semester and ensure that Muslims on campus have a relatively easy way to plan out their meals during the stressful month, with exams occurring around the same time as Ramadan. There are significant improvements the administration must make for campus dining. In order to demonstrate that it values its students, the administration must make dining options more accommodating to diverse religious beliefs.

Sara Khan (23C) is from Fairfax, Va.


Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Emory Wheel


The Emory Wheel

Arts Entertainment Wednesday, December 4, 2019 | Arts & Entertainment Editor: Adesola Thomas (

art of the Decade

A&E Writers Talk Theater of the 2010s By Joel Lerner Charlotte Selton Senior Staff Writer and Contributing Writer

2010s have brought new audiences to Broadway and have pushed Broadway to rethink what a hit musical sounds and looks like. “Hamilton” is now famous for LinThe 2010s are, in my opinion, what Manuel Miranda’s brilliant rap verses revitalized theater and brought it and racially diverse casting. back into the public eye. With mas“Dear Evan Hansen” showed us sive hits like “Hamilton” and “Dear that pop musicals are not confined to Evan Hansen,” theater has become the light-hearted juke-box model of less of a niche interest and has found “Mamma Mia.” its home in the public consciousness. The original stoI was personrylines of “Dear Evan ally impressed by the Hansen” and “Book strides taken in refin- “At their best, musical ing existing genres in adaptations can bring of Mormon” stand out in a decade saturated theater. niche works to new with Broadway musiFor example, the brazen and comedic cals based on existaudiences.” “Book of Mormon” ing media, including redefines vulgarfilms, TV shows and ity in theater, and — Charlotte Selton (20C) previous musicals. the dramatic “Come (Egregious examFrom Away” demonples include “King strates the importance of kindness and community after a Kong,” “Spongebob,” “Pretty Woman,” divisive event like 9/11. It is through “Spiderman: Turn Off the Dark” and endeavors like these that theater as an “Love Never Dies.”) art will continue to grow and develop At their best, musical adaptations in future decades. The past 10 years also gave new life to old classics with can bring niche works to new audithe continuation of the “Phantom ences, like how “Natasha, Pierre, & of the Opera” storyline in its sequel, The Great Comet of 1812” reimagines “Love Never Dies,” and with the jaw- 70 pages of the novel “War and Peace.” dropping revival of shows like “Once New to Broadway this year (and my on This Island” that detail class strug- current favorite musical), “Hadestown” gle in ways that are still relevant today. From 2010 to the end of this year, stirs the soul with a folk-jazz sound, new audiences have been driven to transforming Greek myths to timely discover theater because of the revi- commentary on the troubles of prestalization of the styles of music used ent-day America. in musicals and by watching relatable Yet, plenty of the outstanding characters tackle tough and current musicals I treasure from this decade issues. never made it to Broadway or flopped — Contact Joel Lerner at once there. “Bright Star” had a short and

Courtesy of Lori Teague

Rebecca Neish (20C) and Avery Hampton (19Ox, 21C) take the stage for the EDC performance.

Emory Dancers Exhibit Dynamism By Elizabeth Greene Contributing Writer

You don’t go to a dance performance so the dancers can call out your earrings. Or your outfit choice. Or your seat selection. But this is exactly how Emory Dance Company’s (EDC) Fall showcase began. Held Nov. 21-23 in the intimate dance studio in the Schwartz Center for Performing Arts, the showcase blended styles and highlighted stylistic diversity in contemporary dance.

Students performed an array of new works, featuring choreography by Emory Dance professors and Israel Institute Visiting Artist Dafi Altabeb. Altabeb kicked off the showcase with “It’s Not A Pipe.” Inspired by surrealist painter Rene Magritte’s seminal painting “The Treachery of Images,” the work broke the fourth wall, pulling in audience members by directly addressing them. Just as Magritte’s infamous work challenges truth in painting, Altabeb challenged her dancers to be vulnerable and truthful with the audience. Clad in

Holiday Commentary

campy, colorful costumes, the dancers stood in a triangular formation, staring straight into the audience. With the house lights still on, the performers launched into a chorus of criticisms. Repeating the phrase “It isn’t okay to,” the performers called out audience members by name or scolded each other for their positioning or misplaced cue. The effect was alarming; dancers in garish costumes berating their audience is an immediately provocative start to a performance.

See EDC, Page 11

The best new musicals of the

See ‘HADESTOWN’, Page 11

Black Cinema

Grande’s Sensual X-Mas ‘Queen & Slim’ Contemplates Resilience Music: Get ‘Wit It’ By Joel Lerner Senior Staff Writer Ariana Grande has been somewhat of a holiday season staple in 2019, despite her lack of Christmasrelated music in recent years (unless you count the allusion to the “Mean Girls” rendition of “Jingle Bell Rock” in her “Thank U, Next” music video). Instead of revisiting the brief moment of holiday spirit from her hit music video, her older, cheery tunes deserve attention this holiday season with her EPs “Christmas Kisses” (2013) and “Christmas & Chill” (2015) and her holiday single “Santa Tell Me” (2014). Grande’s Christmas music ranges from slow and heartfelt songs like “Snow in California” to downright raunchy tunes like “Wit It This Christmas.” While these works might not be the first to come to mind in relation to Grande’s legacy, they are Christmastime necessities that deserve revivals this festive season. Grande’s first holiday-themed EP, “Christmas Kisses,” is comparable to many of the vocalist’s earliest hits. It’s a host of festive fun and blends Grande’s early style of wide-ranged vocals over trap beats with the rhythm-based instrumentals and sleigh bells characteristic of typical Christmas tunes. “Santa Tell

Me” is an R&B-inspired single that Grande released in November 2014, but is arguably one of the best singles she has released to date. The upbeat and cheery track would have an equal place playing over a warm living room ablaze with light from a fire or at a cavalier Christmas party. “Santa Tell Me” is a clear indication of what contemporary Christmas classics can look like in an era where some so-called “classics” don’t support modern values. Frankly, Grande’s EP “Christmas & Chill” does not get the credit it deserves for being nearly 15 minutes of thrilling yuletide erotica. The EP serves as a wonderful way to splash into the winter season, even in warm California. In the final song on the album, “Winter Things,” Grande sings, “Ain’t no ice or no chills, no snowmen to build … But my baby’s in town and we’re gonna do some winter things.” Unlike “Christmas Kisses,” this EP is packed with originals. Grande has skyrocketed to popularity in the last decade. Her entrance to pop culture as she played Cat Valentine on Nickelodeon’s “Victorious” wowed audiences, just as her multiple No. 1 debuts on the Billboard Hot 100 made headlines worldwide. For a star with as much

See, Page 11

Courtesy of Universal Pictures

Queen (Jodie Turner-Smith) and Slim (Daniel Kaluuya) pose on top of a teal Catalina.

By Adesola Thomas A&E Editor

Grade: B+ As black filmmakers are increasingly given the platform to share the range of stories they’ve long possessed the desire to tell (Chinonye Chukwu’s “Clemency” and Jimmie Fails’ “The Last Black Man in San Francisco” come to mind), audiences are gaining greater access to nuanced narra-

tives of black characters. Screenwriter Lena Waithe and director Melina Matsoukas’ 2019 film, “Queen & Slim,” centralizes the splendor, the anguish and the magic of being black. While it is an imperfect film, it is a noteworthy contribution to the canon and has sparked a purposeful conversation about the responsibility films that contemplate blackness have to black people.After their forgettable first date in the ethnoburbs of Ohio, Ernest “Slim” Hines (Daniel

Kaluuya), a pleasant, bright-eyed man, and Angela “Queen” Johnson (Jodie Turner-Smith), an emotionally guarded attorney, are stopped by Officer Reed (Sturgill Simpson), a white cop. Reed antagonizes the dark-skinned duo and aggresses Slim, who ultimately shoots and kills Reed in selfdefense. “Queen & Slim” follows the pair’s cross-country escape to Cuba. The anatomy of the routine traffic

See waithe, Page 11


Wednesday, December 4, 2019


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Family Film

‘A Beautiful Day’ Teaches You How to Love Your Neighbor By Noah Whitfield and Bella Ross Staff Writer and Contributing Writer

Grade: A “OK, boomer,” one might say after hearing about how wonderful and iconic Fred Rogers was back in the day. Most young people today didn’t grow up watching “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” on the Public Broadcasting Service and don’t get what the big whoop is about. But after sitting in a theater with people twice our age and seeing the joy on their faces as the “Won’t You Be My Neighbor?” theme song played, we began to understand what Mr. Rogers meant to so many people. He was more than a kid’s television personality — he was the humble hero of a generation. “A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood” is a two-part character story. Entering the theater, one might expect the film to focus on Mr. Rogers (Tom Hanks). However, it was really about the effect that he had on Lloyd Vogel (Matthew Rhys), based off Tom Junod, a journalist who struggled with anger and a rocky family life and ultimately wrote a story on Mr. Rogers, titled, “Can you say... Hero?” Through Lloyd, we understand the far-reaching effect of Mr. Rogers’ positivity on the people around him. “He was always out to remind me that underneath everything I was a good person,” Junod said in an interview with the Wheel. “And he almost succeeded in making me believe it.” The enamouring influence that Mr. Rogers had on so many people is astounding, and it would be impossible to fit it all into one movie. Therefore,

the filmmakers made the wise decision to hone in on a single, powerful story. Lloyd isn’t just Lloyd; he represents everyone who Mr. Roger helped. When asked how the film came about, Junod said, “Sixteen years after the story was written, I heard from [the producers] — it couldn’t have been a bigger surprise. Because it was not just any story; it was this story. A story about Fred Rogers. There was no shoot-em’up, no crime, no political scandal, no nothing — just the experience of this one man, so I was really surprised that people were interested in it.” This film is a slow burn, but one worth sitting through. There is a spellbinding quality, both in Mr. Rogers and in the film itself, that you have to see to believe. Early in the film, Lloyd says, “I can’t tell if this guy is for real.” Initially, we completely agreed with with Lloyd — Mr. Rogers seemed too good to be true; no one could be that kind and optimistic. But by the end of the third act, both Mr. Rogers and the film itself feel truly authentic. As emotional and sweet as “A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood” is, it never feels forced or cheesy. Every single moment is genuine, something hard to pull off in a film so unabashedly optimistic. “He made goodness interesting,” Junod said about Rogers. “I always thought that goodness was boring. He made it really interesting.” “A Beautiful Day,” too, makes goodness interesting.Audiences cannot overlook the many risks the film took. There were genuinely funny scenes that could have easily been cringeworthy had they not been so well handled. One scene that comes to mind is a dream sequence in which Lloyd finds himself within Mr. Rogers’ miniature castle, meant for his puppets. It was absurd but still hilarious.

Lucy Terrel/ Sony Pictures Entertainment

In another scene, Lloyd and Mr. Rogers sit at a diner during one of the most moving cinematic moments we have witnessed this year. In that scene, Mr. Rogers gave instructions to Lloyd, which also seemed to be instructions to the audience. He told Lloyd to think of all the people who have loved him, and the silence that followed was an opportunity for the audience to do the same. That wasn’t the only moment that Mr. Rogers seemed to have broken the fourth wall.. Several times, Mr. Rogers looked directly into the camera and spoke to the audience, as if we were watching his TV show. It was touching. Those

moments were always well-done and impactful, serving as a reminder that Mr. Rogers not only helped children but people of all ages. “I think it’s become more relevant and more resonant in 2019 than it would have been five, 10 or 15 years ago,” Junod said about the movie’s message. “We’ve come to see how much as a culture, as a society, we’ve left his example behind. And the movie to me is an opportunity to stop and say, do we really want to walk away from these ideals? Or do we want to try to slow down a little bit and embrace them?”“A Beautiful Day in the Neighborhood” is a film that encourages its audience to slow

down, care for others and ourselves, and find ways to “deal with our feelings.” Its message of being kind to others and to ourselves transcends age and generation. Junod concluded, “I don’t think that there’s good people and bad people in Fred’s world, there are just people.” This positive attitude permeates the film. “A Beautiful Day” measures up to Mr. Roger’s incredible legacy of kindness, and in today’s tumultuous world, that deserves all the praise.

— Contact Noah Whitfield at and Bella Ross at

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Wednesday, December 4, 2019

EDC Evaluates Humanity Through Movement


Continued from Page 9

“actant,” understood to be “a source of Eventually, the dancers devolved action that can be human or nonhuinto individual movements, some man.” A sense of urgency permeated jumping and stomping around the the piece, as dancers ran in circles stage, others twisting their limbs and around the stage or crawled hurridley toward the audience. convulsing on the floor. Although dressed in utilitarian All the while, the criticisms continued, frustration rising among the black jumpsuits, the dancers blended a performers. Finally, the performers wide range of styles, dipping into hipcried out their emotions, pouring out hop, contemporary dance and even and announcing personal and political pedestrian, everyday movements. In frustrations with their identities, their keeping with the theme of “actant,” relationships and the world around mundane human actions like brushing teeth were distorted into stiff, synthem. Altabeb’s work was followed by chronized routines. Emory Dance Director and “After Love,” choreographed by guest choreographer and Emory alumna Associate Professor Lori Teague choreographed the closing piece, “The Jessica Bertram (17C). Consisting of a series of duets, the Optimistic Body.” Awash in cool blue lights and dance explored the world of emotions in relationships. Dancers labored over draped in ethereal, jewel-toned cosone another, leaning on and collapsing tumes, the finale was the most serene under the heavy weight of each other’s selection of the evening. Dancers filled the stage, often movbodies. Dancing to the ing through the space sounds of the soulful In the most comedic en masse — a contrast Timmy Thomas song to the highly individu“Why Can’t We Live performance of alistic previous works. Together” and the the night, two Teague explored atmospheric funk of dancers attempted themes of vulnerChildish Gambino’s to complete their ability and collec“Me and Your Mama,” duet, stumbling tivity, probing “the the piece was a starrelationship between tling, often heartand fumbling their optimism with realbreaking rumination way through the ism.” Dancers moved on intimate human movements. across the stage with relationships. natural, fluid move“Sweet Suite,” choments to a twinkling reographed by Emory Dance Instructor Krisitin O’Neal, fea- score by pianist Nils Frahm. Particular tured a collection of short pieces set moments, like when a dancer carried to sweeping 1950s pop and big-band another piggyback across the stage, dramatized Teague’s expression of music. Across each of the five selections, optimism through recovery and each performer crafted dynamic indi- reconciliation. The joint movements of their bodvidual characters, imbuing their performances with personality and rich ies underscored a theme of togetherstorytelling that covered a range of ness, transcending the physical to the metaphysical. emotions. As a newbie to the contemporary A standout from the series was the final piece, titled “Nice Work, Grace!” dance scene, I found myself wholly In the most comedic performance of transfixed by EDC’s Fall performance. the night, two dancers attempted to With little background or deep knowlcomplete their duet, stumbling and edge of contemporary dance, I could fumbling their way through the move- still get wrapped up in the stories. By telling deeply human stories — ments. With pitch-perfect comedic timing, the piece brought levity to the of heartbreak, loss, camaraderie, unity showcase and was well-received by the and reconciliation — student performers welcomed everyone into the comaudience. After a brief intermission, perform- plex worlds crafted by dance. ers returned with choreographer Julio Medina’s (13C) “form & fragment.” The Emory Dance assistant professor — Contact Elizabeth Greene at and alumnus based the piece after elizabeth.ann.greene@emory. the French philosophical concept of edu

Holiday Hits to Revisit

Continued from Page 9

recognition as Grande, it is surprising that some of her most charming and, frankly, fun work has slipped under the radar. The musician’s Christmas records are refreshing to revisit and remain a staple in my holiday season playlists. Even Ariana has expressed that some of her favorite works have been her holiday hits. Hopefully, come next year, Grande will have new spirited holiday music for us all to enjoy.

— Contact Joel Lerner at

Courtesy of Universal pictures

Waithe Film Sparks Crucial Conversation Continued from Page 9 stop scene should be analyzed alongside Emory Assistant Professor Calvin Warren’s essay “Black Care.” In it, Warren illustrates that the violence of racist encounters are not confined just to the instances in which they occur. Rather, violence festers, wounds remain agape and the souls of black folk never forget the numerous ways in which they are insulted, assaulted. Matsoukas’ directoral hand effectively reflects Warren’s musings in “Queen & Slim” through her signature, tactful color gradient. As Slim is targeted by Reed and Queen is embroiled in frustration at the injustice of the encounter, the monochromatic environment visually simulates the racial tensions of the moment: black skin in a white car, black bodies thrust against white snow, black existence versus white power, the religiosity of black church and the will of human power. But as the aforementioned violence results in national media attention and the eponymous pair become mystified suburban legends among many blacks, vibrant color and the looming possibility of violence pools throughout the fatalistic world of the movie. When Queen and Slim arrive in New Orleans to seek shelter with Queen’s Uncle Earl (Bokeem Woodbine) and his gaggle of girlfriends, the film is inculcated with azures, mauves and blood oranges. The film’s exemplary pan-African soundtrack enhances these colors with sonic signatures from the likes of Solange, Fela Kuti and Moses Sumney, whose hymn, “Doomed,” is strategically haunting. Woodbine’s character adds useful comedic elements to

“Queen & Slim.” His character and environment further characterize elements of Queen’s mysterious past and reemphasize the stakes of Queen and Slim’s dilemma; these are two black strangers thrust together by circumstance. Their quest for survival surpasses the daily one their blackness ostensibly subjects them to, and the stakes that surround their potential capture become emblematic of the destiny of black America. It is in Uncle Earl’s home that Angela and Ernest begin to become Queen and Slim. It is there that they begin to know one another, to fall in love and to digest the way their fate becomes iconoclized by those who either hunt or celebrate them. As Woodbine’s character identifies, “Queen & Slim” answers the question: what would the Bonnie and Clyde narrative look like were the infamous outlaw lovers black? But it transcends the crime genre classic by suggesting that despite the death of Reed, Queen and Slim are fugitives but not criminals. In fact, the film suggests that the greatest crime the two commit is intermittently forfeiting their humanity to stay alive while black. As the titular characters cruise toward Cuba in a teal Catalina, they make pit stops to go dancing in a Southern juke joint, have their photo taken by an admirant young fan and make love. The implications of these gestures are meaningful — dare to embody the humanity in your blackness, even and especially in times of peril — but the dreaminess of Queen and Slim’s dialogue and the intertwining of their fingers and flesh sometimes feels unwarranted and unearned. Slim begins the film with an air of contentment. But as “Queen & Slim”

progresses, he adopts a forceful burgundy-velour-suit machismo that elicits a sultry vulnerability from Queen’s prior emotionally distant persona. I suspect that we are supposed to believe their intense, shared circumstance spurs their respective changes, but the swiftness of this change makes their mostly compelling romance intermittently unbelievable. This is a situational weakness; I cannot overstate the intention and grace TurnerSmith and Kaluuya bring to their respective roles. This complication, coupled with the film’s representations of brutalized black bodies, mixed meditations on the complicity of blacks in their own suffering and chaotic splicing of a protest scene with a climatic sex scene, “Queen & Slim” falls short of its ostensible goal: to be a graceful motion picture about the triumph of black resilience. While some have outright praised the film’s exploration of black love, others have criticized “Queen & Slim” for being “blaxploitative” and even hollow. But perhaps these varying perspectives exemplify an important notion that is often forgotten when black audiences are eager to consume a new black-centric film: films aren’t always perfect and do not need to be unanimously received to be considered important. Perhaps it matters less that “Queen & Slim” promulgates our individually desired notions of what black resilience can be and more that it has motivated black people to discuss what we want that resilience to look like, on and off screen.

— Contact Adesola Thomas at

Upcoming Arts ‘Hadestown,’ ‘Hamilton,’ ‘Heathers’ and More Events in ATL • Dec. 4, 4 p.m., Creativity Conversation: Kevin Young, Dance Studio Schwarts Performing Arts Center • Dec. 4, 7 p.m., Bent Frequency: Many Voices, Michael C. Carlos Museum • Dec. 4, 7:30 p.m., Emory Cinematheque: “Kiss Me, Stupid”, White Hall 208 • Dec. 6-7, 8 p.m., A Festival of Nine Lessons and Carols, Glenn Memorial Auditorium • Dec. 7, 3 p.m., Seeds of Sound Music Art Festival 2019, The Bakery ATL • Dec. 8, Free Second Sunday, High Museum • Dec. 8, Yoga at Charis, Decatur Location • Dec. 8, 7 p.m., No Strings Attached Winter Concert, White Hall 208 • Dec. 8, 8 p.m., A Spectacular Black Girl Art Show, Westside Cultural Arts Center • Dec. 9, 15, 16, 10 p.m., Pirates of Penzance: An LGBTQ+ Punck Rock Production, The Bakery ATL

Continued from Page 9 Broadway run but has since become one of the most-produced musicals in America, both for its evocative bluegrass score and a story from the rural Applachia of America, a community rarely represented on New York stages. “Heathers: The Musical” never played on Broadway but soared in an extended run on the West End, finding a cult following as a dark-comedy rock musical. “The Hunchback of Notre Dame,” despite positive critical reception and all-star cast, never made it past regional productions, although I consider it the best Disney musical since “The

Lion King.” Only one in five musicals on Broadway turn a profit, so the obscure decision to bring a show to Broadway weighs on much more than just the quality of a show. The last decade has given the world a broad range of new musicals. Consider listening to some of the most iconic Broadway showtunes of the decade, but if you explore further, please don’t prejudge all shows by their commercial success. Not all great musicals can be “Hamilton.”

— Contact Charlotte Selton at

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Emory Life

Wednesday, December 4, 2019 | Emory Life Editor: Caroline Silva (



Fisher Combats Crowded Animal Shelters By Zoe Friedman Contributing Writer

Sun Woo Park/Contributing Writer

The dark chicken pho ga at Pho Ga Tony Tony failed to live up to its claim of serving the “best chicken soup in history.”

Self-Proclaimed Best Pho Ga Fails to Impress By Sun Woo Park Contributing Writer Executive Partner and Chef Tony Le opened Pho Ga Tony Tony, which serves Vietnamese pho, inside the Little Saigon neighborhood in Norcross, Ga., on Nov. 1. The restaurant traces its roots back to Le’s parents’ restaurant, Pho Ga Thanh Thanh, in Philadelphia, Pa. where Le grew up working. Pho Ga Tony Tony claims to focus on using high quality ingredients and creating the “best chicken soup in history.” The website also describes their pho as a dish “like you’ve never had before, so delicious you’ll cry, and so comforting you’ll feel like you’re being hugged by your grandmother.” My friend and I arrived at Pho Ga Tony Tony the day after Thanksgiving desiring a warm meal to counter Atlanta’s cold weather. We were greeted upon entering by pictures and cartoon drawings of chickens plastered on the walls of the restaurant, since pho ga is Vietnamese chicken soup, which we later learned comprised the entire menu. I ordered the dark chicken meat pho along with a watermelon slushie, which the waiter failed to bring. As we waited, our server brought us a spicy lime-flavored sauce, which I mistakenly consumed believing it was a form of appetizer. The sauce was both sour and spicy, but when used for its intended purposes, it provided a pleasant amalgamation of flavor to the dark meat chicken. The dark chicken meat came steaming alongside the hot bowl of pho. Initially, I was wary of consuming the meat, for the wrinkly, yellowtinted skin looked rather unpleasant. Although I have encountered strange steamed chicken skins in my numerous dining experiences, this chicken looked more bizarre than any I had seen before. Regardless, my hunger got the best of me, and I plunged in and took a bite of the chicken meat. The dark chicken meat was tender, and the skin was both sweet and sour, making me wonder if the sauce was used to help cook the skin. The meat was delicious despite its appearance. But perhaps if the chicken had not looked so unsavory, I would have enjoyed the flavor a little more. After my initial taste, I

Pho Ga Tony Tony Norcross, Ga.

added the regular pho topping consisting of bean sprouts, fresh cilantro, basil and thin slices of hot green peppers. As the chicken meat stirred within the bowl, I began taking my first few slurps of the rice noodles. The chicken broth soaked the noodles, making them incredibly soft, providing much-needed contrast with the sweet and sour juiciness of the dark chicken and crunchiness of the bean sprouts. The chicken broth was refreshing, yet incredibly warm and cozy with a mildly salty and bold taste. The restaurant’s atmosphere is fairly upbeat and humorous due to the sheer quantity of chickens posted across the walls. Some are plain old chickens. Others are baby chickens. Some chicken pictures in the form of “chicken and egg” memes. Throughout my time at Pho Ga Tony Tony, I felt relaxed and detached from the hardships of school life as the atmosphere at the restaurant is playful and comforting. The restaurant, which holds about 10 tables, is somewhat small. The staff was very polite, and the 10-minute wait time was reasonable, given that we dined on Black Friday. I appreciated that the staff was very professional and efficient, working hard to ensure that our meals were delivered as quickly as possible with the exception of my watermelon slushie. I also appreciated how they allowed my friend and I to relax and have time to enjoy talking to each other after we finished our meals. However, I never did get my watermelon slushie, continuing my curse of failed beverage orders. At about $13 for a bowl, the pho is a bit pricey. While the chicken pho at Pho Ga Tony Tony was good, it was by no means exceptional, as promoted on its website. If you’re a fan of authentic Vietnamese chicken noodle soup, then consider making your way to the joint. But if you like a little more variety in your choice of pho, opt for the many other locations across Atlanta. — Contact Sun Woo Park at

Under a sunny sky in Candler Park, girl scouts laugh around a picnic table, fashioning dog leashes from used climbing rope. At the head of the table, CEO and founder of Atlanta Rescue Dog Cafe (ARDC) Aaron Fisher (97C) measures the rope against his arm and demonstrates the proper knotting techniques. These leashes are part of over 300,000 pounds of repurposed rope, kept out of landfills as part of ARDC’s One Leash Project led by Fisher. The dog cafe is not a physical cafe, but rather an Atlanta-based nonprofit organization that aims to prevent animals from entering already overcrowded shelters. To achieve this, ARDC delivers robust educational programs centered around proper animal care for all those interested. “We partner with nationally certified teams of therapy dogs, and we go into schools, homeless shelters, scout troops … and senior homes,” Fisher explained. “We teach our participants how to be safe and kind to pets, how to safely approach dogs and what measures we can take to prevent pets from entering shelters.” Now in its second year of operation, ARDC has taught over 12,000 kids throughout the greater Atlanta area — 40 percent of whom are from underrepresented communities — about how to safely approach, pet and care for dogs. Fisher personally leads every ARDC program and said his background in teaching and elementary school education has primed him to instruct proper animal care to people of varying ages. After a seven-year career as a foreign service officer in the State Department based in Washington, D.C., Fisher moved to Tucson, Ariz., while his wife pursued her master’s degree. To keep busy, he taught fourth and fifth graders at two Tucson charter schools — the Academy of Math and Science and Tucson Country Day School — everything from reading and language arts to science and math. Fisher’s passion for teaching stemmed from his undergraduate experience at Emory University, as a member of Volunteer Emory. He regularly tutored kids at an after-school homeless shelter, the First Iconium Baptist Church (now called Nicholas House). Due to these experiences, Fisher was confident that teaching was in his future. “I told myself that if I was at a desk twiddling my thumbs, I would get back in education,” Fisher explained. Even as a full-time teacher in Arizona, Fisher volunteered at animal shelters and animal rescue groups that take in abandoned or unwanted animals. When the Humane Society of Southern Arizona (HSSA) offered him the paid manager of volunteer services position in early 2015, he jumped at the opening. “It was a carte blanche to create any new programs that I wanted and a unique opportunity for me to get involved,” Fisher said. “I loved it.” But one worry followed Fisher throughout his work with the HSSA. Although Fisher supports shelters

Courtesy of A aron Fisher

Atlanta Rescue Dog Cafe hosted an event on Nov. 17 at Candler Park where a Girl Scout troop repurposed climbing rope into dog leashes.

for their fostering and life-saving initiatives, after 12 years of volunteering at animal shelters, Fisher had noticed a concerning pattern. “I realized that the number of animals entering shelters keeps going up,” Fisher said. “The incentive on the part of shelters is always to show they have the capacity to take in more animals, rather than doing what they can to prevent animals from having to go to shelters in the first place.” According to Fisher, a major reason animals wind up in shelters stems from misunderstandings of how to properly approach dogs. He recognized that people should always ask owners before petting or approaching their dogs in order to prevent the dogs from reacting violently. Aaron Fisher (97C), CEO and Founder of Atlanta Rescue Dog Cafe Courtesy of aaron Fisher

“That gives an owner the chance to say, ‘Sorry, my dog’s in training or isn’t friendly with people,’” Fisher said. “That way, you’re less likely to get bitten, and the dog is less likely to wind up as a bite case and be quarantined in a shelter.” Fisher also noted that lost pets lacking identification frequently wind up in shelters. ARDC therefore emphasizes the importance that all pets be microchipped and have a collar with identification so the pet can be returned safely to the owner. With these observations in mind and ready to change the conversation surrounding animal rescue, Fisher and his wife moved back to Atlanta in 2016, and ARDC went into action. In Atlanta, ARDC engages in ti eless community outreach, which is evident from the several dog walkers at Candler Park who call out to Fisher with a wave, grasping Fisher’s homemade leashes. From booths at farmers markets to programs with kids, ARDC has become a known entity throughout the Atlanta area, which is apparent from the increasing number of requests for his programs over the last two years, according to Fisher. “Initially, we had to drum up interest and show that there’s a demand for what we’re offering,” Fisher

noted. “Now, people have heard about us through word of mouth and invite us to their programs. In addition to reaching out to people, we get reached out to.” It’s also through word of mouth that Fisher has gotten volunteers involved like Lisa Myers, who has been a volunteer for two years. After striking up a conversation while shopping at Ace Hardware, their happenstance meeting led Myers to bring her certified therapy dog, Pig, to various ARDC programs. “[Fisher] caught me up with his program,” Myers said. “I was hooked. Within two weeks, I was [bringing Pig to] my first Girl Scout troop [to teach kids how to safely approach and pet dogs].” Fisher’s elevator pitch also worked on Alisa Yan (21B), who met Fisher at an Emory career fair in Spring 2019. Yan now interns at ARDC, taking photos of events, sharing information about their projects to those interested in getting involved and spreading awareness of the nonprofit. Fisher recognized that the ARDC’s educational endeavors are different from other shelters and rescue centers across the nation. “We don’t take in. We don’t adopt out,” Fisher said. “We want to prevent animals from coming to shelters in the first place. We’re the only organization that’s doing this.” Fisher has big plans for the future of ARDC. Within the next year, he hopes to raise money to establish a physical cafe, continuing the conversation about human-animal interactions. “You could get your drinks and watch our humane education programs taking place, knowing that your espresso drink is directly supporting these initiatives that help teach kindness and empathy towards animals,” Fisher said. With these changes on the horizon, Fisher said that Emory students can do more than donate to support ARDC. He believes that change results from questioning the status quo and creating your own answer. “You have to suspend ego,” Fisher said. “Do you want to be a flash in the pan and have a short-term impact, or do you want to make an impact in the long term? It’s important to ask questions and be willing to roll up your sleeves and put yourself out there.” — Contact Zoe Friedman at


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Wednesday, December 4, 2019



Doolino Knows Best: Festivities and Failures

Although we may still be a little overstuffed from all the stuffing, Emory students thankfully return to campus for one final round of complaining, classes and cataclysmic failure. Whether you’ve lost motivation, are dreading spending time with family or have resorted to starvation, don’t panic. Doolino is here to spread a little festive fun to your otherwise cheerless final three weeks.

Noyonika Parulekar/Contributing

The Emory Police Department hosted a Nerf battle in the Emory Student Center on Nov. 26 where students enjoyed pizza and ducked behind barriers to avoid elimination.


Emory Peers Share Unique Holiday Traditions By Maya Deogun Contributing Writer

Whether holiday traditions have long been passed down through the family or have recently been created, each member of the Emory community celebrates the season a little differently. From New Year’s Eve birdwatching to overindulging in warm cookies to looking back on past years, Emory students and professors shared the ways in which they spend their winter break. The Beauty of Birdwatching For the last 26 years, Associate Professor of Religion Pamela Hall has spent her New Year’s Eve birdwatching, an activity she began in 1993 when she was sick in bed with the flu during New Year’s. While gazing out her window, she noticed the different kinds of birds and grew curious. After that, she bought a bird feeder and a book about the different bird species, and quickly became hooked. For at least an hour on Dec. 31, or as close to New Year’s Eve as possible weather permitting, Hall heads out alone to different nature preserves in Atlanta to birdwatch, sometimes as close by as Lullwater Preserve. She finds this practice to be a reflective way to conclude the year. Hall called this tradition “a centering activity for marking the transition from one year into a new one.” She also explained it as a form of “psychic housekeeping [and] a place of beauty and stillness to remind yourself what’s important.” Once a semester, she also takes her students to birdwatch with her at Lullwater. Hall stated that she has identified up to 40 species of birds at Lullwater, including but not limited to woodpeckers, hawks, owls, herons, Canada geese and bluebirds. Hall has also had some luck at the Clyde Shepherd Nature Preserve in Decatur, watching the barred owls for New Year during their winter mating season. Cozy Candlelight Associate Professor of Comparative Literature Angelika Bammer grew up in Velen, Germany, a majority-Catholic village where the population celebrates their own variation of Christmas, St. Nicolas Day, almost three weeks ear-

lier on Dec. 6. Bammer explained how she and her siblings would put out their shoes on the windowsill on Dec. 5. The next morning, they would wake up, run to the windowsill and check for gifts such as oranges, apples and a few nuts. Growing up, Bammer’s family also waited until Dec. 24 to put up their Christmas tree. When the sky began to get dark on Christmas Eve, the children would go to their bedrooms while the adults kept the undecorated Christmas tree behind a locked door. Bammer remembered being told by her parents that the room was locked because the Christ child would visit Bammer and her family, and they were not allowed to run around while the Christ child was present. She said that when she heard a little bell, that meant that the Christ child had come. The children would dress up, go into the previously locked room and witness a decorated tree. That same night, each child would receive unwrapped and unlabeled presents piled on chairs. “[The tree would be] covered with ornaments and 24 candles,” Bammer said. “It was just so beautiful, that moment of sheer beauty.” Having taken part in this tradition from her early childhood until she went to university in 1968, Bammer now has continued these same customs with her children. Baked With Love For as long as she can remember, Natalie McGrath’s (23C) Italian grandmother has been making tiny, pecansized, floral-shaped cookies for her large extended family. Her grandmother first started by making them in small batches, but the family loved them so much that she kept making more. McGrath recounted how her grandmother would spend the entire day in the kitchen making the “thousands” of sugar cookies and putting them into small tin boxes to hand out on Dec. 25. McGrath spoke of her grandmother with pride for the hours she would spend in the kitchen baking for her family. “It’s just special to me because it just shows the dedication that goes into putting a smile on her grandchildren’s faces,” McGrath said. “I can picture her putting a tiny chocolate chip on each

one of these cookies. She just wants to share her love for us through her craft in the kitchen.” Yearly Reflection Emma Rosenau’s (23C) family rings in the New Year by answering a series of questions about the past year. Rosenau and her siblings sit down on New Year’s Day with a piece of colorful construction paper and a pen while their mother poses the same series of eight questions each year. The purpose of the exercise is to look back, compare their present responses to the past and see how their answers have changed. The questions cover topics pertaining to fears, future careers, and the highs and lows throughout the year. After answering the prompts, they trace their hand at the bottom of the paper, and Rosenau’s mother hands them their answers from all the previous years. Rosenau remarked how incredible it has been to see how her handwriting and personality have developed. “The earliest we have is from when I was three, and my mom just would write it [for me],” Rosenau said. “We can really see our personalities change. Seeing the things we prioritize each year is really interesting.” Chanukah Charity Instead of getting presents for all eight nights of Hanukkah, on the fifth night, Lizzie Cohen (23C) and her family decide to give back to their community by donating money to a charity of choice. Each sibling decides on a charity, and her parents donate on their behalf to various foundations. Cohen noted that her parents have made it a priority to teach her and her siblings the importance of giving back and how the holiday season is a good time to instill this value. Cohen said that she has donated to different foundations that strive to end child hunger because she recognizes the inequality in the distribution of food resources around the world. “It feels like a very simple thing that there’s both such excess in some parts of the world, and so much is needed in other parts, and that disparity doesn’t make a lot of sense to me,” Cohen said.

— Contact Maya Deogun at

Dear Doolino, Every Thanksgiving I make the mistake of leaving a couple important belongings at home. Although I always tell myself that I need to make a list, I also forget to check it twice. This year I left my watch, charger, motivation to finish the semester, shampoo, everything I learned this year and my favorite jacket! How do I avoid making this same mistake year after year? From, Forgetful Frank Dear Frank, I would start by yelling at your parents upon arriving home to go buy you a new watch, charger, shampoo and jackets. What are parents for if not serving as an unlimited ATM machine? Motivation? Knowledge? Unnecessary. Thanksgiving is a time for relaxing and thanking your family for all they do to pay your tuition. Of course, if they don’t buy the things you’re missing, then consider investing in new parents. I suppose you could try taking notes throughout the semester to make up for the lost knowledge though. I can’t help you much on the motivation department. That’s all up to you, buddy. Good luck, Doolino Dear Doolino, Last week my mom and I made the silly mistake of deciding to spend Thanksgiving with my dad’s family. My dad spent the entire car ride to his mother’s home trying to stimulate small talk with me. He kept asking about what I do with my life, about some friends I haven’t spoken to since I was five years old and about what my job is like. I don’t even have a job, and he didn’t listen to any of my responses. Pretty sure this was to pretend he didn’t notice my mom giving him the silent treatment. Upon arrival, my parents strategically positioned me as a shield between my mom and my dad’s family. This meant all questions were directed at me. They asked about my grades, potential love interests, why my parents can’t seem to love each other and my future career goals. When I had stuffed my face with as much food as possible in order to avoid making eye contact and having to answer these detestable questions, my grandma graciously invited us back for Christmas. I don’t want to reject my grandmother’s invite, but I cannot spend another holiday like this. How do I avoid this situation for Christmas? Sincerely, Worried Wendy Dear Wendy, On the ride there, pretend to take a nap. Breathe evenly, have a few

muscle spasms and hit your head against the window every time your dad goes over the smallest hole on the road. Make sure to yawn a couple times before getting in the car for realism. Be strategic about your Christmas meal. If possible, request your steak extra well-done with a side of the hottest hot sauce so that you literally can’t speak due to being too busy burning your mouth off. Chew slowly and deliberately to be excused from talking for as long as possible. Starve yourself the whole day until you arrive there to ensure you’re as hungry as possible. Enthusiastically request a second serving and then a third and then a fourth. Compliment anything and everything in your surroundings to make your family feel loved so they don’t notice how much you don’t want to be there. You’ll please your relatives and be able to avoid having to open your mouth. Best of luck, Doolino Dear Doolino, I only have five remaining meal swipes, but we still have 21 days left of school. Dooley Dollars? I have only 36 Dooley Cents. A semester of daily overpriced Kaldi’s morning coffee and late-night WoodREC munchies has depleted my meal plan. Now I am forced to starve because I was yelled at last week by a Dobbs Common Table worker for trying to take food back to my dorm. Apparently the excess amount of food that will end up in the trash can is not meant to be “to go.” How do I last through the end of the semester without dropping every last pound? Struggling, Hungry Henry Dear Henry, Starvation is a fine strategy. If Buddha did it to overcome pleasure, you can do it to overcome the pleasure of food. After a while you’ll be so hungry that you will forget your own hunger. You only have 21 days left anyways. You can retry at life next semester and learn to manage your meals a little more efficiently. I personally suggest continuing to raid the DCT despite the workers telling you not to, and maybe even raiding Kaldi’s if you aren’t able to give up your morning pick-me-up. Good luck, Doolino — For your day-to-day qualms, send anonymous quesions to



Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Emory Wheel

FROM THE ARCHIVES, SPRING 2000: From Bag Checks to Statues, Emory’s Image Changes Daily By Russell Madison The new semester has barely begun, and Emory has already changed. Only a month ago the courteous Woodruff Library security staff peeked in the bookbag of each patient student on his or her way out the door.Now, technology has made that step obsolete. It’s hard to remember if the bookbag inspections seemed strange during the first few weeks of freshman year, but somehow along the way it became perfectly normal. Now it seems strange to have our belongings not examined. Emory changes not just in periods of years but in weeks. Student culture and academics are relatively constant during the four- or five-year period most students spend at Emory. But on a daily level, the small familiarities of life on campus slide from underfoot more quickly than they can be remembered. The stop by the desk in the library

is now one more vanished ritual on campus. The potential advantages of loosened security (we can steal toilet paper and staplers and hide them in our bags) are offset by a whimpering little tug on the heart. Happily the heart recovers just outside of Woodruff Library, where new and better things await. Standing in front of the library is the statue of Robert W. Woodruff himself. The advantage to ever-changing Emory is that when old familiar things disappear, new things take their place. It’s a nice bronze statue that shouts: “Where are the other men of metal? Am I all alone?” He is alone, but his presence makes for a nice new habit of glancing at him on the way down the sidewalk. In front of Cox Hall and Emory Hospital, the road is not nearly as hideous as it was two years ago. Students used to have a habit of looking both ways before walking toward or away from Cox. Cars were still allowed

through Asbury Circle, and there were no red bricks, only an old broken road. Cars zipped by, and people complained of almost being run over. Now the smooth red bricks make us yawn, and we’ve forgotten how annoying the old road could be, because two years ago in college time is forever. Just a bit further up the road is the center of the world. One can stand in the middle, on the painted footprints, say something, and listen to the sound reverberate. This can still be done, but there used to be trees around the circle, and it didn’t have the red bricks. It was a sort of concrete mini-Eden, and it’s been forever changed. Then to the right, between Alabama Hall and the Dobbs University Center, there used to run an even uglier road, with hazard lights blinking on the cars perpetually parked along the curb. It made the walk to the Dobbs University Center less pleasant than the way it is now with the stones by the kiosk. But there was one advantage then to

the walk: the magnolias in front of Alabama were not trimmed as oddly as they are now. Imagine what campus will be like in 15 years, or even after just the year 2000, apart from the physical changes. Very few people eat dinner at Cox now; most students go to the DUC. In 2001, they’ll probably have to stop serving dinner at Cox. The computer lab upstairs used to be open 24 hours, seven days a week, but it now closes on weekend nights and minor holidays. The way students spend their time on computers changes too: Telnet seems archaic compared to a new generation of LearnLink devotees. But even LearnLink just got an upgraded client, and the familiar name of Gary Falcon has flown from LearnLink’s conferences. The little store in the DUC moved to the other side of the hall, the bookstore has longer hours, the post office has more boxes, the cruddy classrooms in White Hall have been renovated,

Emory Village has changed dramatically, and there are less jackhammers (and leafblowers) but more cranes on campus. University personnel changes too, as Senior Vice President and Dean of Campus Life Frances LucasTauchar eyes the position of president of Millsaps College (Miss.). The most tragic changes have been the deaths of our classmates. College friends always graduate and leave, but the unexpected loss of so many students to less fortunate circumstances is overwhelming. Both the little changes and the life changes all remind us to enjoy each day while it lasts, and remember the people and things we cared about. Emory is a grand hotel. Soon all the guests will be unrecognizable. Even the hotel owners will leave some day, and only Dooley endures. We must make the most of our brief stay. Russel Madison is a junior from Marietta.


Iranian Emory students wouldn’t fight in Iran Draft Students Idea Show Readily Sympathy Feasible By Maria Lewis and Helen Rojas

By Helen Rojas

Although much adverse sentiment has been directed towards the students holding American hostages in Iran, Emory students from Iran have encountered little hostility on campus, according to Leila C. Brown, Assistant Dean for Campus Life. Out of the eight Iranian students at Emory Brown said that she thought most of them felt “they were not involved.”

Brown said only one student had come to her with problems from the crisis. One student had even said “how bad he felt about the Americans being held hostage,” according to Brown. Brown said only one student had come to her with problems from the crisis--he was being hassled by neighbors in an apartment complex off-campus. “Air has been let out of his tires and other minor irritations,” she said. “We’re trying to find him on campus housing.” Brown also explained that the United States encourages international exchange programs and that “international students are guests, we invited them here. “As long as their visa status remins current, we must treat them as guests,” she said. The Wheel contacted one Emory Student from Iran who refused to comment on the situation in Iran or reaction at Emory.

The 1960s produced a generation of college students whose initial patriotic response to the Vietnam War poured into radical protest. Students in the ‘70s saw the end of the war and the close of the Selective Service offices nationwide. With the advent of the ‘80s students are watching their nation face another crisis, a crisis they may be

called upon to help resolve. The Wheel took this random poll of students, most of whom were male, to gauge some indication of student opinion. Out of 144 responses, only 20 percent said they would voluntarily enlist if America went to war. However, only 11 percent said they would leave the country. Most added comments said that they would wait to be drafted. Ninety percent of those polled felt

the Iranian crisis brought Americans closer together, a strong showing since 63 percent felt that Americans are less patriotic since the Vietnam War. One respondent wrote that Americans are no less patriotic, just “more intelligent.” Eighty-six percent of those polled agreed with the government’s decision not to return the Shah, but 66 percent felt that the Shah was at fault for his actions. Here are the responses:

Do you support President Carter’s handling of the Iranian crisis? Yes 78% | No 22%

Do the Iranians have valid reasons for wanting the Shah brought to trial? Yes 66% | No 34% Should America have returned the Shah? Yes 14% | No 86%

If the students do not release the hostages shortly, do you believe Carter should initiate military force? Yes 46% | No 54% With the added pressure of the Soviets in Afghanistan, would you support a war with Iran? Yes 33% | No 67% If America went to war, would you enlist? Yes 20% | No 80% If America went to war, would you leave the country? Yes 11% | No 89% Do you believe the draft should be reinstated in response to unsettled world conditions? Yes 41% | No 59% Do you feel a crisis like this one brings Americans closer together? Yes 90% | No 10% Do you feel Americans are less patriotic since the Vietnam war? Yes 63% | No 37% Do you feel an embargo of food and supplies to Iran would be a valid retaliation? Yes 78% | No 22% Do you feel America’s support of Israel has in any way created added impetus for Iran’s actions? Yes 34% | No 66%

By Lisa Forman In light of the crisis in Iran and the presence of Soviet troops in Afghanistan the United States has been placed in a precarious military position. Because of the international pressure many young men could be affected if military intervention is required.

Because of the international pressure many young men could be affected if military intervention is required. If war were to break out an executive order issued by the President or by appropriate congressional legislation, registration for the draft could readily be implemented. Before the boards closed all young men had 30 days before and after their eighteenth birthday to officially register with the local board. Prior to the twentieth birthday a pre-induction physical was required. If after this time the man’s random sequence number appeared in his category, the individual would receive a notice from the Selective Service. Even though the draft boards have been active since 1976, the Army Reserve, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force still actively recruit.

NFL Thanksgiving Worse Than Canned Cranberry Sauce Continued from Back Page root against them each Thanksgiving. As for the Lions, they have only made the playoffs three times this century. With no star players and a mediocre record over the last 20 years, the only reason they always get a game is because they took part in the NFL’s very first Thanksgiving contest. Meanwhile, the NBA always pits two entertaining teams against each other. Last season, the Philadelphia 76ers played the rival Boston Celtics, and the reigning champion Golden State Warriors played LeBron James and the Los Angeles Lakers. The NHL does the same. The Boston Bruins and Chicago Blackhawks played each other in the 2019 Winter Classic in the outdoor Notre Dame Stadium in Notre Dame, Indiana. The two have a storied rivalry complete with a sixgame Stanley Cup battle in 2013. Second, the NFL limits theatricality. Sure, they do have a halftime show at each game, but halftime is a time for viewers to get up, stretch and get themselves another serving of

Thanksgiving dinner. No team wears special uniforms nor are there fun commercials that celebrate the holiday and increase fan anticipation. Each year, the NBA and NHL design special uniforms just for Christmas games or the Winter Classic, and they are usually awesome.

Thanksgiving football pales in comparison to the NBA’s Christmas games and the NFL’s Winter Classic. Hockey sweaters are usually a throwback to a notable time in the teams’ histories and basketball jerseys are always something new (though, new NBA Christmas jerseys haven’t been made in two years). Also, the NBA’s Christmas commercials are sometimes better than the games. Who could forget the 2013 commercial “Jingle Hoops,” when six

Huggins, Chernow Lead Team in Scoring Continued from Back Page Lindsey Tse led both teams in assists with a season-high six in just 22 minutes. Weiss hailed her team’s continued improvement after the game. “[The team] has gotten a lot better,” Weiss said. “As long as we focus on ourselves and keep getting more disciplined we will be really successful when conference play starts.” The Eagles staged a valiant comeback effort against the Stormy Petrels on Dec. 3, but ultimately could not overcome a 17-point fourth quarter deficit and lost 76-72. Down two

Wednesday, December 4, 2019


The Emory Wheel

points with just 15 seconds left, senior forward Erin Lindahl was stripped of the ball near half-court, which allowed Oglethorpe to race down the court, make a layup and escape with a four point win. Huggins once again had an impressive game wherein she led the team in points and rebounds off of the bench with 21 and eight, respectively. The Eagles will return to action on Dec. 7 when they will host Huntingdon College (Ala.), with tip-off scheduled for 2 p.m.

— Contact Alex Moskowitz at

former and future MVPs shot basketballs into hoops laced with Christmas bells? How about when five of the league’s best players dribbled to the tune of “Carol of the Bells” in 2012? Those commercials were fun, and the fact that we can still recall them several years removed from their airing speaks volumes to their impact on fans. The NFL treats Thanksgiving Day as a typical gameday. Aside from their less-than-stellar halftime performances, they don’t do anything special in anticipation of, or during Thanksgiving games. The Lions and Cowboys always play, even if they’re not very good, and the day lacks festivity and special circumstance. NFL Thanksgiving has nothing special to its name besides the day on which it is played, making it the worst of the winter sporting events. They should take a page from the NBA and NHL to make Thanksgiving football more exciting.





Wednesday Dec. 4

M Basketball


7 p.m.

Thursday Dec. 5

Swim & Dive Swim & Dive

@ Denison Invtl. @ SCAD Invtl.

All Day All Day

Friday Dec. 6

Swim & Dive Swim & Dive Track & Field

@ Denison Invtl. @ SCAD Invtl. @ BSC Icebreaker

All Day All Day All Day

Saturday Dec. 7

Swim & Dive Swim & Dive W Basketball M Basketball

@ Denison Invtl. @ SCAD Invtl. Huntingdon Piedmont

All Day All Day 2 p.m. 4 p.m.

@ Agnes Scott

6 p.m.

Tuesday Dec. 10

W Basketball

— Contact Ryan Callahan at

*Home Games in Bold

Struggling Hawks Rely on Trae Young Continued from Back Page solid offensive outing. They shot 44.1 percent from the field and 31.2 percent from beyond the arc. Additionally, Atlanta scored 50 points in the paint, 18 second-chance points and nine fast break points. Sophomore guard Trae Young carried a majority of Atlanta’s offensive load, scoring 37 points, dishing out nine assists and collecting six rebounds. Veteran forward Jabari Parker and rookie forward-center Bruno Fernando both scored in double figures, posting 22 points and 13 points, respectively. Like they did all season, the Hawks struggled defensively. The Timberwolves shot 45.6 percent from the field and an incredible 42.9 percent

from the three point line. Furthermore, Atlanta allowed 46 points in the paint, 17 second chance points. Despite the Hawks’ defensive woes, Pierce does not think defense is the Hawks’ only issue. “There’s no one thing,” Pierce said. “We just need to win a game … Once we do that, I think everything will just settle in.” The Timberwolves ran their offense through veteran center-forward Karl-Anthony Towns. The big man led Minnesota with 28 points, 13 rebounds and eight assists. Four other Timberwolves also scored in double digits, led by veteran guard Andrew Wiggins with 25 points. Atlanta looked to snap their losing streak against the Milwaukee Bucks on Nov. 27 in Milwaukee, but they lost their eighth consecutive game 111-102.

The Hawks also lost their next two games against the Indiana Pacers and Houston Rockets 105-104 and 158111, respectively. However, the Hawks finally snapped their ten game losing streak against the Golden State Warriors on Dec. 2 in Atlanta 104-79. Young expressed frustration at the team’s inability to break the losing streak. “We haven’t won a game in a long time,” Young said in a postgame interview. “It feels good to get a win. We are not going to be satisfied with winning just one game. We have to keep going and keep getting better each game.” Atlanta looks to avoid another losing streak on Dec. 4 against the Brooklyn Nets in Atlanta.

— Contact Harrison Goldfein at

Cubs, Auburn, U.S. Gymnasts, Leicester F.C. Define Decade Continued from Back Page looking swimmer at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. No one expected this “old” man, who had been retired from professional swimming since 2003, to perform well against his American teammates or international competition. But Ervin shocked the world when he won gold in the 50 meter freestyle. Ervin had won gold 16 years earlier at the 2000 Sydney Olympics, but the stretch between his two gold medals was peppered with drugs, drinking, depression, a suicide attempt and homelessness. Ervin’s retirement, descent toward rock bottom and incredible comeback is a momentous story from this decade, because it’s a story unlike any other. Swimming is a physically and mentally challenging sport, and any return to the sport is impressive. Even aAfter a decade of bad decision-making and self-reflection, Ervin found himself at the top of the swimming world. - Cailen Chinn 108 Years Later: Cubs Win World Series (2016) Before 2016, the last time the Chicago Cubs won a World Series title was 1908 — well before television, household radios or even sliced bread

existed. 108 years later, the Chicago Cubs could finally call themselves World Series champions after defeating the Cleveland Indians in the 2016 World Series. The team finished the 2016 regular season with 103 wins and defeated both the San Francisco Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers to advance to the World Series, where they hadn’t been since 1945. The World Series started off rough for the Cubs as they dropped three of the first four games. Chicago managed to prevail in Game Five by a score of 3-2 and forced Cleveland to close the series out in Chicago. The Cubs routed the Indians 8-3 in Game Six to force a winner-take-all Game Seven. Up 6-3 in the eighth inning, it seemed like the longest championship drought in North American sports history would finally be snapped. But Indians outfielder Rajai Davis tied the game with a three-run home run to force extra innings. Cubs utility player Ben Zobrist, who was later named World Series MVP, drove in the winning run in the tenth inning. The Cubs finally broke their infamous curse after 108 years. The city went wild for their team outside of historic Wrigley Field as over a century of baseball-induced frustration was released in one night. The 2016 Cubs

will forever be remembered for their remarkable comeback and bringing the city of Chicago its first title in 108 years. - Michael Mariam Female Gymnasts Confront Larry Nassar (2018) This decade has seen the gargantuan rise of Simone Biles, the successful trajectories of Olympic-turned-college gymnasts and the worldwide domination of gymnastics by American gymnasts. But those achievements paled in comparison to the elegant show of solidarity as numerous gymnasts stood up against Larry Nassar — a USA Gymnastics (USAG) and Michigan State University sports doctor who was charged with 265 counts of sexual abuse — during his sentencing in 2018. As world-class athletes like Aly Raisman and Jordyn Weiber confronted Nassar, the gymnasts challenged the decades-long institutional power that USAG holds over its female athletes. The gymnasts themselves brought the case to its head; the ultra-successful college gymnast Maggie Nichols revealed that she was the first to report sexual abuse by the disgraced doctor. Others joined in revealing their identities, rightfully earning the ESPY’s Arthur Ashe Courage Award.

After Nassar was imprisoned, the organization went through massive upheaval, as once-lauded officers like USAG CEO and President Steve Penny were arrested for tampering with evidence in the case against Nassar, and USAG filed for bankruptcy. USAG still has a long way to go in ensuring athlete safety, but these gymnasts paved the way for a better future for American gymnastics and for female athletes affected by sexual abuse. - Nicole Sadek The Miami Miracle (2018) In Week 14 of the 2018 NFL season, all was well for the New England Patriots as they took on their division rivals the Miami Dolphins at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Fla. At 9-3, the Patriots were already positioned to win the AFC East with little contention, while the 6-6 Miami Dolphins would be left to scratch and claw for a Wild Card spot. After Patriots kicker Stephen Gostkowski split the uprights with 19 seconds remaining in the game to give the Patriots a 33-28 lead, the cameras flashed to Patriots quarterback Tom Brady smiling on one sideline and Dolphins Head Coach Adam Gase looking concerned on the opposite sideline. On the next play, Kalen

Ballage returned the ensuing kickoff to the 31-yard line, and with no timeouts, Miami was down to its final play. As quarterback Ryan Tannehill hiked the ball, announcer Ian Eagle made the final call. “Seven seconds left,” Eagle said. “Tannehill will throw it, and this will end it after the shovel [pass] … or will it? Miami running around, circling. Oh look out! Gronkowski didn’t have the angle! Touchdown! Oh ho, Kenyan Drake! A miracle! Miraculous in Miami! A lateral heard round the world!” After completing a short pass to wide receiver Kenny Stills, even the announcer thought the game was over. Stills then lateraled the ball to receiver Devante Parker, who took a few strides before lateraling the ball back again to running back Kenyan Drake. Drake looked around the field for a moment before recognizing the soft defensive coverage and took the game into his own hands. Drake rushed 69 yards into the endzone to win the game and shock the Patriots. This moment was one of the greatest last-second lateral plays in NFL history. The 69-yard touchdown was the longest walk-off play since the 1970 NFL-AFL merger. The exciting finish was a Miami miracle and a New England nightmare. - Scott Miller

The Emory Wheel


Wednesday, December 4, 2019 | Sports Editor: Ryan Callahan (



Turkey Day Football Runs Dry

Hawks Fall to No. 14 in East By Harrison Goldfein Staff Writer

The Atlanta Hawks lost 125-113 to the Minnesota Timberwolves (Minn.) on Nov. 25 at State Farm Arena in Atlanta, their seventh straight consecutive loss. The Hawks now hold a 4-13 record and have fallen to No. 14 in the Eastern Conference. At the end of the first quarter, Minnesota held an early 38-30 lead. But the Hawks retaliated in the second quarter, scoring 34 points and holding the Timberwolves to just 16. While the Hawks entered the third quarter with a comfortable 64-54 lead, Minnesota exploded for 39 points in the quarter. Atlanta closely trailed the Timberwolves 93-90 going into the fourth quarter, but were unable to mount a comeback and lost 125-113. Hawks Head Coach Lloyd Pierce recognized that the team needs a lot of growth before it can truly compete. “Championship teams do not have close games,” Pierce said. “When [they] have a lead [they] separate. [They] do not keep it a close game. When we have a lead, we do not know how to separate, and that is the challenge.” Despite the loss, the Hawks had a

See YOUNG, Page 15

By Ryan Callahan Sports Editor

The Eagles also drained seven threepointers and out-rebounded their opponents 39-22. Junior center Blair Ripley led the way for the Eagles with a career-high 19 points and 11 rebounds for her first double-double of the season. She also contributed three blocks, putting her at sixth place on Emory’s all-time list with 71 career rejections. Senior guard Allison Chernow also finished in double figures with a season-high 14 points, four rebounds, two assists and one block. The Eagles’ victory truly was a group effort, as the bench contributed 27 of the 68 points, led by Weiss and sophomore forward Tori Huggins with nine points each. Senior point guard

Another wonderful Thanksgiving holiday has come and gone and with it, a reminder that annual NFL Thanksgiving football is by far the worst sporting event of the winter season. Thanksgiving football pales in comparison to the NBA’s Christmas games and the NHL’s Winter Classic. Considering football is America’s favorite sport, it does not complement America’s second favorite holiday nearly as much as it should. For starters, there are always two games featuring one of the Dallas Cowboys and the Detroit Lions, unless the two play each other on Thanksgiving. We are given these games by default, regardless of how good either team is. The Cowboys, who inexplicably have been given the title of “America’s Team,” have not reached a Super Bowl, let alone a conference championship game, since 1995. They are the most valuable franchise in sports, though the majority of people

See HUGGINS, Page 15

See NFL, Page 15

Courtesy of Emory Athletics

Junior center Blair Ripley guards Sewanee: The University of South (Tenn.). The Eagles bested the Tigers 68-46 before losing to Oglethorpe University (Ga.) 76-72.

Eagles Drop to 5-2 in Loss to Oglethorpe By Alex Moskowitz Senior Staff Writer

The Emory women’s basketball team soared to a 68-46 victory over the Sewanee: The University of the South (Tenn.) Tigers on Nov. 26 before losing to the No. 19 Oglethorpe University (Ga.) Stormy Petrels 76-72 on Dec. 3. The games pushed the Eagles’ record to 5-2. The two teams went back and forth in the first two quarters and entered halftime tied at 26 points. However, the Eagles came out inspired in the second half, bursting out of the locker room with an 11-0 run that quickly turned into a 28-5 run. During the run, the Eagles held the Tigers scoreless for an almost five-minute period, trouncing the Tigers by a total of 22

points in the second half. The Eagles’ lackluster first half was out of character for the team, according to junior guard Molly Weiss. “I think we came together as a team and knew that the first half wasn’t what we were capable of,” Weiss said. “We just knew that we needed to come out aggressive and play much calmer and smarter. We knew that we were in much better physical shape than [Sewanee] and that they couldn’t keep up with us. So, we really focused on running hard and pushing the pace.” The Eagles continued their efficient start to the season as they shot over 50 percent for the fourth time in six games this season. This mark is due in large part to the Eagles’ great ball movement and unselfish play, which resulted in 16 assists versus Sewanee.


Wheel Staff Remembers Top Moments of the 2010s

In just a few weeks, the world will celebrate the beginning of a new year and the end of a storied decade. The 2010s were jam-packed with monumental social and cultural movements, mind-blowing technological innovations, incredible music as well as brilliant sports moments. From LeBron James’ “The Decision” in the summer of 2010 to Simone Biles becoming the first female gymnast to land a triple double in 2019, there have been countless great moments, each with their own extraordinary stories. Staff members of the Wheel shared their favorite sports moments of the past 10 years. Torrey Smith has a Huge Game Following the Death of his Younger Brother (2012)

ed the Ravens’ offense. After racking up receptions and yards throughout the game, Smith hauled in a second touchdown in the fourth quarter and was greeted with chants of “To-rey, To-rey” from the Baltimore faithful. The Ravens completed their comeback against the Patriots with a last-second field goal and won 31-30. Smith accounted for 127 yards and two touchdowns on six receptions. In the locker room after the game, Smith thanked everyone on the Ravens for their support in his time of distress, and one teammate remarked, “You’ve got 60 brothers in here.” While the game may not have been the most flashy or historic, it certainly was one of the most moving. - Ethan Mayblum The Mile High Miracle (2012)

It would have been perfectly justified for Baltimore Ravens wide receiver Torrey Smith to sit out Ravens’ Week Three matchup against the New England Patriots in 2012. Less than 24 hours prior to kickoff, Smith received a devastating phone call: his younger brother had passed away in a motorcycle accident. Ravens Head Coach Jim Harbaugh told Smith that the team would support him if he chose to sit out and grieve. But Smith wanted to play. Smith’s first reception of the game came in the second quarter, when he made a leaping catch in the back of the endzone, a catch that kickstart-

Quarterback Joe Flacco snapped the ball with 42 seconds left in the fourth quarter. His Baltimore Ravens were trailing quarterback Peyton Manning’s Denver Broncos by a touchdown in an AFC Divisional playoff game, and they were stuck at their own 30-yard line. Dodging a sack from defensive end Elvis Dumervil, Flacco ran up in the pocket and chucked the ball deep to wide receiver Jacoby Jones. Broncos safety Rahim Moore stumbled backward in an attempt to block the pass, allowing Jones to make the catch and walk into the end zone.

The “Mile High Miracle” forced the Ravens and Broncos into overtime. Baltimore would win that game, and they would keep winning all the way through Super Bowl XLVII, sending linebacker Ray Lewis off into retirement with another ring. While Manning and quarterback Tom Brady dominated the 2010s, Joe Flacco’s 2012 playoff campaign remains one of the NFL’s best, but it couldn’t have happened without some divine intervention at Sports Authority Field. - Isaiah Sirois #4 Auburn Returns #1 Alabama Missed Field Goal to Win the Iron Bowl (2013) With the score tied 28-28 and only one second left on the clock against Auburn University (Ala.), University of Alabama Head Coach Nick Saban entrusted redshirt freshman kicker Adam Griffith with kicking a game-winning field goal. This was a surprising decision considering Alabama’s history of at-best inconsistent kickers, but what was the harm? If the kicker missed, the game would only go into overtime — which Alabama could surely win. With the camera focused on the uprights, viewers held their breath as the ball traveled from the center towards the left post. No one was watching Auburn’s return man Chris Davis, who was watching the ball from

the endzone. The ball dipped right into Davis’ arm, and suddenly every player was in motion. With every Alabama defender running at him, Davis sprinted up the center before cutting left towards the sideline. Dodging tackle after tackle, aided by key blocks from his teammates, Davis managed to stay inbounds as he sprinted up the sideline. Evading one last tackle, Davis ran the last 40-yards to the endzone. Students stormed the field immediately while shocked players and fans stared in disbelief. It was an odds-defying finish to a heated game between two bitter rivals. Besides, who doesn’t like to watch Alabama lose? - Lynden Fausey Leicester City F.C. Defy 5,000-1 Odds and Win the Premier League (2016) In 2015, Leicester City F.C. began the season as one of the worst teams in the English Premier League. Just a year later, Leicester was crowned champion of the Premier League. Beginning the 2015-2016 season, Leicester manager Claudio Ranieri was in the hot seat, and Leceister had 5,000-1 odds to win the Premier League, which is widely recognized as the most competitive soccer league. To put that into perspective, the odds of the Cleveland Browns winning the Superbowl in 2016 was 200-1, and the Atlanta Braves had 500-1 odds to win

the World Series. Leicester also had a budget that was 10 times less than the previous champions, Chelsea F.C. Yet Ranieri made the most of his shoestring budget and used a consistent and reliable lineup. Forwards Jaime Vardy and Riyad Mahrez, previously unknown to most fans, became superstars, scoring goals and adding assists as easily as forward Cristiano Ronaldo. The team’s defense was equally crucial. Defender Wes Morgan and goalkeeper Kasper Schmeicel were dependable, conceding only nine goals in the final 17 games of the season in narrow, crucial wins, while midfielder N’golo Kante had seemingly infinite stamina to outrun opponents and win the ball. Leicester’s victory was arguably the most stunning underdog triumph in sports history because it required consistent brilliance and grit across nine grueling months. Even non-Leicester soccer fans will always remember that Leicester team and their miraculous win. - Sammy John Anthony Ervin Wins Gold in Return to Pro Swimming (2016) With his double arm-sleeve tattoos and relatively old age (35), Anthony Ervin of Team USA was the tough-

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Profile for The Emory Wheel

December 4, 2019  

December 4, 2019