Step-by-step teaching notes, tips and background notes on cultural issues Wide offer of photocopiable testing materials Editable tests in the Multi-ROM Test Maker FLIP BOOK An interactive, IWB-compatible version of the Coursebook containing all recordings, links, reference materials and extras Course components Student’s Book Workbook with Audio CD Teacher’s Resource Pack Class Audio CDs Multi-ROM Test Maker Teacher’s FLIP BOOK Flash on English Online Resources
For the Teacher
FL ASH on English
Clearly-structured units Double linguistic input in each unit Focus on authentic real-world language Clearly structured grammar presentations Extensive recycling and review of language Exploitation of different learning styles and mixed-ability features Culture, CLIL and Literature lessons in every unit Graded and practical study-skills guide Grammar reinforcement with extensive explanations and practice in the Workbook
L. Prodromou with S. Minardi, P. Prodromou, J. Bowie
FLASH on English is a motivating, easy-to-use, four-level course which takes teenage learners from Elementary through to Upper Intermediate level. The comprehensive syllabus provides thorough grammar, vocabulary and skills work, builds students’ language awareness and encourages fluency and self-confidence. The combination of printed, digital and online material enhances the learning experience and helps teachers respond to students’ needs.
Common European Framework
A2 B1 B2 C1 C2
Contents 1 Is Everybody Happy? Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
p. 4 p. 6 p. 8 p. 10 p. 11
2 That’s Entertainment! Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
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12 14 16 18 19
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20 22 24 26 27
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28 30 32 34 35
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36 38 40 42 43
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44 46 48 50 51
3 Dreams Can Come True… Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
4 Back to the Future Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
5 Mind and Body Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
6 The Secrets of Success! Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
7 Freedom Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
p. p. p. p. p.
52 54 56 58 59
p. p. p. p. p.
60 62 64 66 67
p. p. p. p. p.
68 70 72 74 75
ocus on Grammar F Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
p. p. p. p. p.
76 78 80 82 83
Phonetic alphabet and English punctuation
Self-assessment grids â€“ A2
8 Relationships Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
Focus on Grammar Grammar and Vocabulary Practice English in Context Vocabulary Builder Skills
10 Love Actually
Is Everybody Happy? Focus on Grammar
Comparatives and superlatives Form
adjectives with 1 syllable
adjectives with 1 syllable ending in -e adjectives with 1 syllable ending in a consonant preceded by a vowel adjectives with 2 syllables ending in -y adjectives with 2 or more syllables
adverbs ending in -ly
+ -er shorter faster
+ -est the shortest the fastest
+ -r wider finer
+ -st the widest the finest
double the consonant + -er hotter bigger
double the consonant + -est the hottest the biggest
i + -er happier sillier
i + -est the happiest the silliest
modern interesting important
more + adjective more modern more interesting more important
the most + adjective the most modern the most interesting the most important
more + adverb more carefully
the most + adverb the most carefully
• We use the comparative to compare things, people or concepts. The second object of comparison is always preceded by than. Sweden is colder than Mexico in winter. Susan is more attractive than Maria. • We use the superlative, preceded by the, to compare several things or persons within a group or category. Sandra is the tidiest person I know. New York is the most exciting city in the world. • The group or category used for comparison can be introduced by the prepositions: – in / at followed by the name of a place. Oslo is the most expensive city in Europe. Yesterday was our best day at the beach. – of / among in other cases. Chris is the most polite of my students.
Irregular comparatives and superlatives • The following adjectives are irregular in the comparative and superlative forms. Comparative
good / well
bad / badly
farther / further
the farthest / the furthest
as... as • Often in place of the comparative with less, we can use a comparative of majority or equality. We say more commonly: He’s shorter than you are, or: He’s not as tall as you are, instead of He’s less tall than you are.
adjectives and adverbs (not) as + adj. / adv. + as
(not) as much + noun + as
(not) as many + noun + as
verb + as much as
• Similarly with the superlative, we use a comparative of equality. We say more commonly: I don’t have as much time as you have, instead of I’ve got the least time of all of you.
I always get up as late as he does. I have as much time as you have. We don’t have as many friends as they have. I work as much as the rest of the staff.
adj. and adv.
less + adj. / adv.
the least + adj. / adv.
singular nouns less + noun
the least + noun
fewer + noun
the fewest + noun
verb + less
verb + the least
The documentary was less boring than I expected. I’ve got less free time than all my friends. There were fewer people than they thought. I’ve got the least money of all my friends.
MY GLOSSARY Geography capital city country earth exotic island population world
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
In town baker’s bike lane bookshop bus stop butcher’s car park chemist’s department store DIY shop fire station petrol station post office roundabout shopping centre station
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
In the country farm field hedge hill lake river valley wood
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
Other... nouns cup education freedom gap year happiness health neighbour victory workaholic
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
content dangerous experimental free happy noisy sporty strong tall true ugly wicked verbs to be into to beat to enjoy to have fun to laugh to recycle to seem to take care of to worry about
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
Grammar and Vocabulary Practice Grammar Comparatives and superlatives 1
omplete the sentences with the comparative C of the adjective in brackets. 1 I go to a ______ bigger school than my brother. (big) 2 It’s strange that in Australia the weather in December is _____________ in July. (warm) 3 My sister moved to the city and says she’s _____________ in the country. (happy) 4 My old job was _____________ my new one. (easy) 5 I think it’s _____________ to try a hobby than read about it. (interesting) 6 You can cook _____________ your friends. (good) 7 Her clothes are always _____________ mine! (fashionable) 8 I’ve got a cold and I think it’s _____________ it was yesterday. (bad) 9 This room is _____________ the other one, let’s stay here. (cool)
2 U se the words given to write sentences using the superlative of the adjectives. 1 This / be / nice / area / in my town. This is the nicest area in my town. 2 She / be / funny / person / in my class. _________________________________________ 3 I / know / good / bar / in town. _________________________________________ 4 Go / to / far / book shop / because / it / cost / less. _________________________________________ 5 I / have / difficult / job interview / of my life / yesterday. _________________________________________ 6 The children / think / it / be / funny / film / in the world. _________________________________________ 7 I / think / Helen’s / be / intelligent / idea / proposed during the meeting. _________________________________________ 8 Which country / have / clean / air / in Europe? _________________________________________ 9 I think / my country / be / happy / in the world! _________________________________________
3 Rewrite the following sentences using (not)
as + adjective + as and the adjectives in brackets.
1 Julia and Marie are the same height. (tall) Julie is as tall as Marie. 2 January is colder than November here. (cold) November _______________________________ 3 Peter’s proposal is more interesting than the others. (interesting) The other proposals _______________________ 4 Sarah and Jack both make me laugh. (funny) Sarah ___________________________________ 5 Paris and Rome are both beautiful cities. (beautiful) Paris ____________________________________ 6 The second film is shorter than the first one. (short) The first film _____________________________ 7 Belgium is more industrial than Finland. (industrial) Finland __________________________________
4 Underline the correct option. 1 The weather in Egypt is more hot / hotter than in Holland. 2 The show was boring / more boring than I expected. 3 She’s definitely the more intelligent / the most intelligent person I know. 4 I think certain areas of the city are more dangerous as / than others. 5 It was the more / most interesting place I ever saw. 6 Where is the farther / farthest place you spent your holidays? 7 The quality is worst / worse than I expected. 8 MP3 players aren’t as / more expensive than they were when they first came out. 9 She’s the better / best singer in our whole class. 10 The exam was much easier as / than the one we had last year.
Places in town and country
Prepositions of place
5 Complete the sentences with the correct option a, b or c.
7 Underline and correct the wrong prepositions in each sentence. The first one is done for you.
1 I’m sorry but you can’t stop here, leave your car in the ___________ car park . a bus stop b car park c shopping centre 2 The children love to stop on the little _____________ over the river. a bridge b mountain c hedge 3 When I came to live in the valley the first thing I did was climb the _____________ behind the village. a field b hill c bridge 4 If you feel very unwell perhaps you should go to the _____________ and ask for help. a hospital b police station C swimming pool 5 My friends often stay overnight in the _____________ out by the river. a lake b fire station c hotel 6 Can you take all these letters to the _____________ , please? a farm b car park c post office 7 If you enjoy fishing try the _____________ near here. a wood b lake c field
1 There’s a car park on the main square. in 2 There’s a little shop to the side of my house. It’s very convenient living in front of a shop. _____________ 3 At the cinema a really tall man sat next to me so I couldn’t see anything. _____________ 4 It’s horrible living in a noisy factory. Much better to live far away! _____________ 5 My sister lives in a flat under mine so sometimes we wave to each other across the street. _____________ 6 I have the street in front of my house but a beautiful garden behind it. _____________ 7 We sat in the shade opposite a tree and had a sandwich. _____________
8 Complete the dialogue with the words below. in next to farm supermarket baker’s
Shops 6 Match the sentence halves.
1 We needed some new shelves so we went... 2 Please get some sausages... 3 I love to look at the beautiful rings... 4 Get some rolls and brown bread... 5 I look for the special three for two offers... 6 It’s easier for a family to shop together for clothes... 7 I got this great novel...
a when I go to the supemarket. b at the baker’s. c in the bookshop yesterday. d at the butcher’s. 1 e to the DIY store. f in the jeweller’s window. g in a department store.
Sam Derek Sam Derek Sam Derek
So how is life in your new house? Do you miss the town? Not at all! I’ve got trees (1) ___ in my garden, can you imagine? I don’t have to go to a park to get some peace. OK, peace is nice, but isn’t it a bit boring? I mean the country is quieter than the town. Not even a (2) _____________ to do the shopping. Wrong! My village has a good one two minutes away, and I can walk to the (3) _____________ when I need bread or basic food. And there’s a (4) ____________ with cows and it sells milk. So you know the cows personally? Well, they’re my neighbours. The farm is right (5) _____________ my house!
English in Context 1 Mara has moved to Brighton for six months. Complete the sentences in her blog using the words given.
I’m a Brighton fan! I love London, but it’s a bit scary. It’s so big! (1) Brighton / small / London Brighton is smaller than London so (2) it / safe ____________________________, _____________ . I can walk or get the bus everywhere. London’s not far anyway, less than an hour by train, so I can go there whenever I want. I’m staying in a student house that is not far from the sea, just a ten minute walk. The sea is clean – really! (3) It / clean _____________ the Thames. OK the water’s a bit cold, but you can swim in it! After classes we often walk along the beach. (4) The houses / beautiful _____________ in London. I love the colourful Georgian building on the sea front. There’s a lot to do here, the night life is good, there are loads of clubs and restaurants. I think (5) the shops / cheaper _____________ in London. I love the Lanes, a labyrinth of little shops and cafés. There are a lot of hand made clothes, shoes and art work. The Royal Pavilion on the sea front is an amazing palace and (6) it / exotic _____________ Buckingham Palace. It looks like the Taj Mahal! Oh yes, I’m the only Spanish person in my class, so I can really practise my English. (7) The schools / international _____________ the schools in London. There are people from ten different countries in my class. Mara 2 Rewrite the underlined sentences using (not) as + adjective + as.
1 Brighton is not as big as London.
sma has moved to London for six months. Complete her answer to Mara’s blog with the superlative of E the adjectives in brackets.
Hi Mara, glad you’re enjoying Brighton, but I think The gap readers need to know that London is superlative! It’s best (good) places in England to practise your one of (1) the _______ English! Firstly, it’s a really interesting city! It’s probably (2) _____________ (multicultural) city in the UK, so it’s one of (3) _____________ (exciting) places to live. You can meet people from all over the world. It’s one of (4) _____________ (old) capitals in the world (the Romans came here in 47AD), and it’s certainly (5) _____________ (big) city in the UK; the population is around eight million. But it doesn’t feel big when you live there because you can usually find everything you need in your area: shops, cinemas, pubs, etc. OK, so it’s probably one of (6) _____________ (expensive) cities in Europe, but there is a lot you can do that is FREE. There are loads of free concerts or events around the city. Galleries and museums are free; you only pay for special exhibitions. London has (7) _____________ (fashionable) and (8) _____________ (trendy) clothes shops in England. You don’t have to be rich to shop. Oxford Street is (9) _____________ (busy) shopping street in Europe and you can get some real bargains. Esma 4 Now write six sentences about your favourite city, using comparatives, superlatives and (not) as +
adjective + as. Use the two blogs as models.
1 The shops in Edinburgh are (not) as good as the shops in Glasgow.
5 Complete the dialogue with the words below. most cold
Dan Tom Dan Tom Dan Tom Dan Tom Dan
coldest of near everyone in as
Copenhagen is great and the people are really interesting. Is it true that the queen rides a bike? everyone goes around on Yes, (1) ___________ bikes. Cool! But isn’t it really (2) _____________ in winter? It’s not the (3) _____________ place (4) _____________ the world, and it’s really hot in summer. Did you buy any clothes? Not really. Clothes cost a lot. I think the shops there are the (5) _____________ expensive (6) _____________ all cities I know. So it was a bit boring. No, it was really exciting. There are lots of things to do and the centre isn’t as big (7) _____________ some other cities. We went to a area called Vesterbro. It’s full of bars and cafés and it’s quite (8) _____________ the centre. You can walk there.
6 Underline the correct option.
1 London is cleaner / cleanest than New York, but it’s not as exciting as / than New York. 2 Everyone / Someone came to the party. It was great to see them. 3 My house is next to / next a park. It’s the most / more relaxing place in the city. 4 The fountains in Rome are more / the most beautiful than the fountains in London. 5 Paris isn’t dangerous as / as dangerous as Dublin. 6 The city is more dirty / dirtier than the countryside. 7 Mum went to the bakery / butcher’s to buy some hamburgers. 8 Charles is the cleverest of / in the class. He’s one of the most / more intelligent people I know.
7 Complete the dialogue with the expressions below. more expensive the tastiest pizzas coolest clubs is nearer aren’t as good as the best place the trendiest restaurants cheaper
Kate Mary Kate Mary Kate Mary Kate
the best place to go for a Which is (1) _____________ meal for a special occasion in Brighton? Definitely the Marina. It’s one of (2)_____________ on the sea front and you can eat fresh fish. It’s a bit (3) _____________ than other places but the food is excellent! Where can you go for good pizza? The restaurant La Cucina makes (4) _____________ in town! But we sometimes order them from Domino’s. They’re good too. They (5) _____________ La Cucina pizzas, but Domino’s (6) ____________ our flat! What about night life? Brighton’s got some of the (7) _____________ on the south coast and they’re not all expensive. The Babylon Lounge has an international students night on Thursdays. But Audio is even (8) _____________ . It’s free on Saturdays and the DJ’s super cool. Wicked!
ranslate the following sentences into your T own language.
1 Bucharest isn’t as beautiful as Amsterdam. 2 Dublin isn’t as expensive as London. 3 London is the biggest city in England. 4 One of the oldest buildings in Athens is the Acropolis. 5 Alex is the tallest in the class. 6 I went to the post office yesterday. 7 There are lots of shops. 8 Our house is opposite the park.
Vocabulary Builder One word with different meanings
Multi-word verbs Sometimes we can combine a verb with one or more prepositions to create a new verb. These verbs are called ‘multi-word verbs’ or ‘phrasal verbs’. Here are some examples you are already familiar with. I like to look at photos. I wake up early every morning.
ead the explanation and match the verbs in R bold to their synonyms in the box.
Multi-word verbs (1) come after the main verb in your dictionary. When you (2) look up a verb in your dictionary, (3) look out for multi-word verbs and try to (4) pick some up. This increases your vocabulary.
reate ‘multi-word verbs’ with the verbs in C the box and the prepositions up and down. Use them to replace the verbs in bold. Use a dictionary to help you. make (x2)
3 M atch each verb with its meaning(s). Use a dictionary to help you.
Verbs get go move
omplete the sentences with the verbs get, C go, move.
got a really lovely present from my parents. 1 I ____ It really _____________ me and I cried! 2 I need to _____________ away from this noisy area before I _____________ mad! I hate it! 3 I love the spring when the weather _____________ warmer every day.
pay attention learn
In English we sometimes use the same word with different meanings. This can create confusion, but if you write down these words and learn them, you will expand your vocabulary considerably.
1 Hey, don’t paint the actor’s face too much, he’s playing a postman, not an alien! make up 2 We bought an old house and we hope to renovate a room each month. _________________________________________ 3 We were talking about you and your new film became part of the conversation. _________________________________________ 4 I’m really sorry you two argued. Why don’t you call him and try to make peace? _________________________________________ 5 She’s a terrible snob. She really despises everyone she works with. _________________________________________ 6 You look terrible! Why don’t you stop standing and have something to drink? _________________________________________ 7 It’s very strange: the price of CDs is increasing, but the price of DVDs is decreasing. _________________________________________
Meanings change house obtain become receive affect a person’s emotions
From noun/verb to adjective (3): the suffixes -ful and -less In Unit 1 we learned the adjective beautiful. Underline the suffix that transforms the noun beauty into an adjective. Note that the -y changes to -i when it is at the end of a word. The suffix -ful means that something or someone is ‘full of this quality’. Look at the adjective hopeless: it ends with the opposite suffix -less which means that something or someone is ‘lacking this quality’.
omplete the sentences with adjectives that C end in -ful and -less.
helpful . 1 He gave me a lot of help. He was ________ 2 The work caused me a lot of stress. It was very _____________ . 3 I can find no use for this gadget, It’s _____________ . 4 She hopes very much to pass the test. She’s very _____________ . 5 Have you got an internet connection with no wires? I mean a _____________ connection. 6 Fill your hand with rice. Take a _____________ of rice. 7 We have a problem in big cities with people who have no home, _____________ people.
Skills Reading 1
ead Ben’s report for his geography lesson. R What is TYF?
The smallest city in Britain My project is about St David’s in Pembrokeshire, South west Wales. This city interests me because it is the smallest city in Britain. The population is less than 2,000! The landscape is really breathtaking and it’s got one of the best beaches and seaside resorts in Wales. They say the sea along the coast is the warmest and cleanest in Wales. (When I visited it was a bit cool, but it was September!) St David’s has also got a beautiful medieval cathedral called St David’s Cathedral. The city is called St David’s because the famous saint, St David, was born here. He was important for spreading Christianity in the fifth century. As a result, St David’s became the centre of Christianity in the Middle Ages. Once, the city was as important as a trip to Rome for pilgrims. St David said ‘people should do the little things in life’. In fact St David’s is more traditional than other parts of Wales. One thing I noticed when I was there is that there are none of those shops you usually get in bigger cities. The reason for this is that St David’s is inside a National Park, so big chain stores can’t open here. So, it’s not as trendy or commercialised as other parts of Wales, but I think that’s a good thing. One of the coolest facts about St David’s is that, although it’s the smallest city in the UK, it’s got the fastest growing alternative local industries in the UK. There are crafts, organic farming and ecotourism. TYF adventure holiday centre is famous. It’s one of the most eco-friendly activity centres in the world; it only uses green electricity and thousands of people come here every year.
Answer the following questions.
1 Why did Ben choose St David’s for his project? 2 Where is it? 3 What is the sea like in this area? 4 Why was St David’s important in the middle ages? 5 Why aren’t there any big shops in St David’s? 6 What is TYF famous?
3 W rite about a city that you find interesting. Read Ben’s report again and answer the following questions.
1 _____________ thinks Barcelona isn’t as beautiful as Rome. 2 _____________ says Barcelona is not expensive. 3 _____________ thinks Italians aren’t as friendly as Spanish people. 4 _____________ agrees that the beaches are cleaner in Barcelona. 5 _____________ likes sightseeing. 6 _____________ agrees that Italian food is better.
– Why is it important? – Where is it? – What does it have that is special? (Use comparatives and superlatives.) – What is the coolest fact about this city?
2 Listen to Martha and Max talking about their favourite European cities and complete the sentences with the correct name.
That’s Entertainment! Focus on Grammar Question words
Who is that boy? Who did she go out with yesterday?
What’s your email address? What do you like doing on Sunday?
for people or things
Which of you is Sarah? Which car is Rebecca’s, the red one or the green one?
Where is York? Where do you live?
for times or dates
When is the exam? When were you born?
Whose house is that? / Whose is that house?
for other information
How are you? How tall is he? How far is it to the city centre?
Why are you here? Why are you crying?
• We use Who…? and What…? as either a subject or an object. – When we use them as an interrogative subject pronoun, we do not use the auxiliary do / does / did and do not invert the verb and subject. Who is with Samuel? What’s wrong? – When we use them as an interrogative object pronoun, we use the auxiliary do / does / did and invert the verb and subject. Who did your cousin marry? What did she say? • We use Which…? to express a choice, usually between two things or people. It can be either subject or object. Which boy is your cousin, the blond one or the red-haired one? (subject) Which painting do you prefer? (object) ! Note! What…? and Which…? can both be used to express a choice between two or more options, but: – we generally use what for an indefinite number of options. What’s your favourite colour? – we generally use which for a definite number of options. Of these three scarves, which do you prefer? • We use why to introduce a question and we use because to introduce the answer. A Why are you late? B Because I missed the bus!
! Note! In questions with verbs that are used with a preposition, the preposition goes at the end. What are they talking about? Who are you going to the cinema with? Which CD are you listening to? • We use how before adjectives or adverbs that indicate: – age. How old is your brother? – size / dimension. How tall is your father? How high is the Empire State Building? How high is Mount Kilimanjaro? How long is the Amazon River? – distance. How far is Philadelphia from Washington, D.C.? – quantity with uncountable nouns. How much money have you saved? – quantity with plural countable nouns. H ow many bookshops are there in the city centre? – frequency. How often do you go to the hairdresser’s? – manner. How well can Paul play the piano? How fluently can Lucy speak English?
can, could and may
• We use could: – to make a slightly more polite request. Could you do me a favour, please?
• can and may are modal verbs. • Like all modal verbs, can and may: – have the same form for all persons. – do not take the 3rd person singular -s in the Present simple. – are always followed by a verb in the base form. • can and may do not have all of the modes and tenses of other verbs. In these cases we use other verbs in place of them. I’d like to be able to play the violin. She wasn’t able to finish the project in time. • We use can: – to give or deny permission in an informal way. A Can I leave now? B Yes, you can. / No, you can’t. You can have a snack, if you like.
• We use may: – to request, give or deny permission in a very formal way. A May I open the window? B Yes, you may, I don’t mind. A May we smoke? B No, you may not, it’s forbidden. ! Note! We use may not only in the long form, it cannot be contracted. Compare with can: A Can I go to the toilet? B No, you can’t. A May I go to the toilet? B No, you may not.
– to make an informal request. Can you tell me the way to the station, please? Can you give me a hand?
MY GLOSSARY Going to the cinema/theatre action film ________________ audience ________________ award ________________ comedy ________________ entertainment ________________ film producer ________________ genre ________________ horror film ________________ mystery ________________ performance ________________ play ________________ role ________________ romance ________________ scene ________________ science fiction ________________
(first) screening screenplay special effects thriller war film
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
Leisure time activities concert ________________ gig (inf.) ________________ show ________________ Other... nouns achievement ________________ (to my) amazement ________________
adjectives busy contemporary dreadful moving
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
verbs to achieve to afford to be set to chill out to come over to contain to enter to fancy to rent
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
Grammar and Vocabulary Practice Grammar Wh- words as subject or object 1
Underline the correct question.
1 Who wrote to you? / Who did you write to? Katie wrote to me. 2 Who rang you on the phone? / Who did you ring on the phone? I rang Danny. 3 Who lives next to you? / Who do you live next to? Mrs Murray lives next to me. 4 Whose dog is playing with the children? / Whose dog are the children playing with? They’re playing with their cousin’s dog. 5 Which doctor came to see you? / Which doctor did you come to see? I’m here to see Dr Henderson, thank you. 6 Who sent you here? / Who did you send here? My boss sent me. 7 At the end of the film, who falls in love with the main character? / who does the main character fall in love with? Her colleague falls in love with her.
2 U se the words given to write subject questions.
1 Which / actor / star / in the film? Which actor stars in the film? 2 What food / give / us / lots of vitamins? _________________________________________ 3 Whose / phone / ring / in class / yesterday morning? _________________________________________ 4 Which / plants / grow / best in the sun? _________________________________________ 5 Which / football player / earn / most / in your country? _________________________________________ 6 Which / country / produce / that film? _________________________________________ 7 Which / sweater / cost / most? _________________________________________ 8 Whose / dog / jump / into our garden this morning? _________________________________________
3 Write subject and object questions for each
sentence. 1 Greg Simon wrote a protest letter to the newspaper editor. Who wrote a protest letter to the newspaper editor? Who did Greg Simon write a protest letter to? 2 Susan sent a book to Joanna. Who ___________________________________ ? Who ___________________________________ ? 3 Mike told the story to Pat. Who ___________________________________ ? Who ___________________________________ ? 4 Laura trusted Helen very much. Who ___________________________________ ? Who ___________________________________ ? 5 Daniel saw Jackie’s sister at the café. Who ___________________________________ ? Whose _________________________________ ? 6 Jim texted Tina about the party. Who ___________________________________ ? Who ___________________________________ ? 7 Kevin broke Gavin’s ankle during the football match. Who ___________________________________ ? Whose _________________________________ ?
can/could for ability, permission, requests 4
ecide if can or could are used to indicate D ability, ask for permission or make a request.
request 1 Could you pass me that book, please. ________ 2 As a child I could run really fast. _____________ 3 Of course you can use my phone. _____________ 4 Could you give me an aspirin for my headache? _____________ 5 You can’t come in right now, we’re busy. _____________ 6 I can’t sing at all. _____________ 7 The librarian says we can use the reading room for our research project. _____________
5 Use the following prompts to write sentences with can or could. In some cases both can be used.
1 Tell your friend you’re sure she is able to do the homework by herself. I’m sure you can do the homework by yourself. 2 Tell someone that as a child you were able to read for hours. _________________________________________ 3 Give someone permission to go upstairs. _________________________________________ 4 Ask your friend to send you a text message. _________________________________________ 5 Tell someone that they don’t have permission to leave their bike at the door. _________________________________________ 6 Tell someone you are unable to swim fast. _________________________________________ 7 Tell someone that you have permission to arrive late. _________________________________________
Vocabulary Types of film 6 Complete the sentences with the words below.
war films musical
comedy animation western thriller horror film romance science fiction
war films because there’s too 1 I don’t enjoy _________ much violence, and I’m not interested in military action. 2 It’s quite an interesting _____________ because it really shows you how the cowboys lived from day to day. 3 I’d like to buy the CD of that _____________ , the songs were great. 4 Her new film is a _____________ , so of course she and the main actor fall in love in the end. 5 I really feel like a good laugh, why don’t we go and see that new _____________ ? 6 I saw a great _____________ at the weekend, I was really tense all through the film! 7 I saw a very unusual _____________ film about life one hundred years in the future when machines rule the world. 8 I quite enjoy cartoons because I’m interested in _____________ . 9 That _____________ was revolting, all the characters got killed by a monster in the night.
Places of entertainment 7 Complete the sentence halves with the conclusions in the box. you have to wear special shoes? we can buy some popcorn to eat during the film. and see if they have a section on natural history. has a fantastic sound system for bands. I hear there’s a really funny play on. I really feel like dancing. a really interesting exhibition by young painters.
1 Do you know that in a bowling alley you have to wear special shoes? 2 Why don’t we go the theatre, _______________ 3 The new concert hall ______________________ 4 When we get to the cinema _________________ 5 Our local art gallery has got ________________ 6 Let’s go to the museum ____________________ 7 I’d love to go to a club this evening, _________________________________________
8 Underline the correct option to complete the
dialogue. Melanie What you fancy doing tomorrow? Stewart We could get a sandwich in a (1) café / cinema at lunchtime and then go the (2) theatre / cinema to see a film in the afternoon. Melanie OK, but what films are on? Stewart There’s a great new (3) horror film / romance about a zombie invasion. Melanie No way! Let’s go to the (4) concert hall / bowling alley instead. We can call Stef and Pat and see if they fancy a match. Stewart Oh, all right then. There’s a really funny (5) western / comedy on this evening, maybe we can go to the cinema later. Melanie That sounds better. But if you prefer, the local (6) bar / museum is open late, we could go and see the Roman archeology. Stewart You’re kidding! Melanie Of course I am. OK, the cinema is fine. What’s the film about? Stewart Well, there are these mad scientists who have a laboratory. Melanie Noooo! It’s a (7) war film / science fiction film!
English in Context 1 Read the dialogue between Alice and her mother and write the questions using the words given.
Mum Alice Mum Alice Mum Alice Mum Alice Mum Alice Mum Alice Mum Alice
omplete the dialogues with the expressions C below and the verbs in brackets.
(1) you / have / a nice time / yesterday / ? Did you have a nice time yesterday? Yes, thanks. (2) What / you / do / ? ___________________________________ We went for a drive. To the countryside. (3) Yes, but, who / tell / you / ? ___________________________________ You did, yesterday! Right! Anyway we had a picnic. It was great. (4) Who / you / go with / ? ___________________________________ Everyone, Jack, Thomas, Claudette… (5) Who / drive / ? ___________________________________ Well, Jack drove there and Claudette drove on the way back. (6) Whose / car / you / go in / ? ___________________________________ We went in Jack’s new mini.
3 Complete the questions with the words given. Then answer, using the prompts in brackets.
1 Which film won the most Oscars ever? film / win / most / Oscars ____________________ ever. It won 11 Oscars! (The Lord of the Rings) 2 Who _____________ ever? be / young / Oscar winner ____________________ . She was ten. (Tatum O’Neal) 3 Who ____________________ ever? be / old / Oscar winner ____________________ . She was 80. (Jessica Tandy) 4 Which ____________________ on its first day in cinemas? film / earn / most / money In 2009 the film ____________________ on its first day. (New Moon) 5 Who ____________________ in Hollywood today? be / rich / actress ____________________ (Cameron Diaz) 6 Which ____________________ computergenerated effects in 2005? film / have / most The film ____________________ in 2005. (King Kong)
Complete the dialogues with words from Unit 2.
1 A B
Which (1) ______ actor did you like the best? Well, I really liked Daniel Craig, but Judi Dench is a brilliant (2) _____________ of course.
2 A B
Why don’t we (3) _____________ to Manchester. You could borrow your mum’s car. I’m sorry, I’m not a very good (4) _____________ . Let’s go by train.
3 A B
Liz makes delicious pasta. She’s a really good (5) _____________ . Yes, she loves (6) _____________ . I love going to her house for dinner.
you get there you get the tickets you tell you come back text Jane you tell me your name please you get some popcorn we meet
1 Sandy Jo Sandy Jo Sandy Jo
Can we meet at the cinema at (1) ____________ a quarter past six? (can) (2) _____________ a bit earlier? The film starts at quarter past. (can) Sure. (3) _____________ ? (could) OK. No problem. (4) _____________ to see if she’s coming? (can) Sure. I’m starving, (5) _____________ too? (can) OK, OK! See you in a bit.
2 Fran Secretary Fran Secretary Secretary
Good morning. (6) _____________ Mr Thomas I’m here, please? (could) Of course. (7) _____________ ? (could) I’m his daughter, Fran Baker. Nice to meet you Fran. I’ll just see if he’s free. I’m sorry he’s talking to a customer at the moment, (8) _____________ at one? (could)
5 Translate the following questions into your own language.
1 Why did you like it? _________________________________________ 2 Where is it set? _________________________________________ 3 Who’s in it? _________________________________________ 4 What did you do last night? _________________________________________ 5 Did you enjoy it? _________________________________________ 6 What kind of film is it? _________________________________________
omplete the dialogue, using some of the C questions from exercise 5.
Rick Meg Rick Meg Rick Meg Rick Meg Rick Meg
Underline the correct option in each sentence.
Abe Maya Abe Maya Abe Maya
What did you do last night ? (1) ________________________ We went to see Casino Royale. (2) _____________ ? Is it a thriller? No, it’s an action film. It’s a Bond movie. (3) _____________ ? Yes, iIt was absolutely brilliant! It’s full of action of course, and the special effects are incredible. (4) _____________ ? Well, Daniel Craig plays 007 and he’s the best Bond ever! (5) _____________ ? Well, some of it’s set in Venice and the Casino is in Montenegro.
(1) Let’s / How about going to the cinema? We always go the cinema. (2) Let’s / Can’t we do something else? OK, (3) we could / how about going dancing. We (4) could / can go to The Luna. That’s the worst club in town Abe! (5) Why don’t we / How about go for a nice meal instead? OK, (6) how about / let’s go to the new Chinese restaurant in Warren Street. OK, that sounds good. (7) Let’s / How about calling Jerry and Kay? They live near there.
8 Match the words in bold to the phrases (a-f) they refer to.
1 I like films where there’s action: car chases, special effects and stuff. 2 I prefer musicals, with singing and dancing and that. 3 I love lying on the beach, sunbathing, reading magazines and stuff. 4 I think she’s helping her mum do the cooking or clean the house or something. 5 Do you want to go for a meal or a drink or something? 6 I really like going to clubs and pubs and that.
a do something together b some kind of housework c chilling out/just relaxing d entertainment/night life e a good story/songs f explosions, shooting, special effects
9 Complete the dialogue with the expressions below. why don’t we let’s see the worst play what about going let’s go acting could I look we could go
Fiona Nick Waiter Nick Fiona Nick Fiona
We could go to see a play or a ballet (1) ___________ or something. OK. (2) _____________ what’s on. (3) _____________ at your newspaper? Sure. Thanks. OK. (4) _____________ to see The Roadmap? No thanks. That’s (5) _____________ ever! OK. (6) _____________ see The Mousetrap. The (7) _____________ is supposed to be really good. It’s on at the Round Court. OK. (8) _____________ and get tickets.
10 Translate the following sentences into your own language.
1 What film would you like to watch? 2 Who paid for the tickets? 3 Let’s go shopping. 4 I never go to the theatre. 5 Nicky doesn’t like horror films. 6 Sophie Coppola is the film director.
Vocabulary Builder Word families (2): entertainment Sometimes a word can be related to a series of other words that refer to the same topic, as in the case of places of entertainment.
atch the definitions to the words. Use a M dictionary to help you.
1 the most important door, at the front 2 a secondary lateral entrance 3 the entrance used by actors and musicians 4 a door which is at the rear of the theatre 5 a place where you can buy a drink 6 a place for sitting while you wait to enter 7 you walk up these to get to the higher areas 8 if you don’t want to walk up, you take this 9 the place where you buy tickets for a show 1
a side door b lift c bar d main entrance e box office f stairs g stage door h back door i lounge area
Multi-word verbs (2): go and stay 2
rite multi-word verbs with go and stay and W the prepositions below, then use them to replace the words in bold in the sentences. Use a dictionary to help you. out
1 I love to do things in town on Saturday go out evenings. _______ 2 I’d like to spend the evening at home with a book this evening. _____________ 3 Please continue sending me news about your concerts. _____________ 4 The price of tickets is rising all the time. _____________ 5 Why don’t you sleep at my house instead of going home late in the dark? _____________ 6 Check this report carefully for me please and look for any mistakes. _____________ 7 Most of our party guests left at ten, but a few remained till midnight. _____________ 8 Let me just repeat the list of guests again. _____________ 9 The children love to avoid going to bed early on Saturdays. _____________
Compound nouns (5): cinema 3
omplete the missing half of the compound C nouns using the words below. film office effects industry cream designer corn play
film 1 horror _____________ 2 film _____________ 3 costume _____________ 4 screen _____________ 5 box _____________ 6 pop _____________ 7 ice _____________ 8 special _____________
omplete the messages with the words from C exercise 3.
Great new (1) horror film at the cinema today, really scary. Brilliant (2) _____________ , like the enormous monster with three heads. Book tickets at the (3) _____________ , lots of people want to see it.
Took my little brother to the cinema – he ate so much (4) _____________ and (5) _____________ that he doesn’t want dinner and my mum is angry.
Best film from the (6) _____________ in years! Fantastic (7) _____________ , everyone had beautiful clothes, and the dialogues were great, bet it wins Oscar for best (8) _____________ .
Skills Reading 1
Read the web page. Where can you go to listen to poetry?
Question My girlfriend and I are visiting London for ten days. We are both students and we like going out. We’d like to have a typical night out in London. We love comedy, theatre, dance, music, but haven’t got a lot of money. (We don’t want to spend more than 6 or 10 pounds each for the show and maybe another 5 or 6 pounds for a snack.) The West End shows are too expensive for us. Can you recommend something for us? Bobby Brown Best Answer What about going to see a show at one of London’s Fringe theatres. One of my favourites is Camden People’s Theatre on Hampstead High St. They have a variety of shows from live music to traditional theatre. I like going there because the people are friendly and it’s much cheaper than the West End. I never pay more than five or six pounds because they do discounts for students. We saw a great cabaret on Friday night and then we went round the corner to Drummond St for a curry in a really good vegetarian Indian restaurant. Laura Why don’t you try a comedy club? I like The Chuckles Comedy Club. It’s one of the oldest comedy clubs in the UK. It’s got a very relaxed friendly atmosphere. Saturday night is a great night out. I went there last month with my family for my birthday. We had a great meal and it only cost us £20 including the price of the show. (Tickets for the show cost £12.) We went by taxi, but the club is very near, about four or five different underground stations. Pete Hi there! If you want a fun night, you could go to The Poetry Café in Covent garden. It’s easy to get to, get off at Covent Garden or Holborn underground stations. Amateur and professional poets read their poems. I went there last Saturday with my mates. We had a great night. It’s a cheap night out. Tickets only cost £6 and you can take part! I sometimes go there on Saturday mornings and have a cappuccino and read a book. Rick
Answer the following questions.
1 Where can you laugh at jokes? 2 Where can you get a student discount? 3 Whose birthday was it last month? 4 Who had an Indian meal? 5 Who reads poems at The Poetry Café? 6 Who travelled by taxi? 7 Where can you drink cappuccino? 8 Which underground stations are near the Poetry Cafè?
1 2 3 4 5 6
3 Listen to the dialogue between Mia and Anthony and write T (true) or F (false). Josh called. Mia says they could go by train. Mia doesn’t like horror films. Mia decides to go to see a Bond film with Kirsty. Mia’s got homework. Anthony wants to go to the festival.
___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
3 W rite some suggestions for a fun night out in your town. Begin with you could / why don’t you…? / what about going…? Use the following questions to help you. – What is the name of the place? – Where is it? – What can they do there? – What time is the event? – When did you go there? – How much does it cost?
Dreams Can Come True... Focus on Grammar
be going to
Affirmative form I am going to work You are going to work He is going to work She is going to work It is going to work We are going to work You are going to work They are going to work
Negative form I am not going to work You are not going to work He is not going to work She is not going to work It is not going to work We are not going to work You are not going to work They are not going to work
• We use be going to + base form of the verb to express: – an intention. Are you going to see your boss tomorrow? – a decision that is already made regarding the future. I’m going to spend my holidays abroad. • In American English, they tend to use the slang form gonna instead of going to in informal spoken language, in songs, etc. I’m sure we’re gonna win the game!
Present continuous for future plans • We use the Present continuous for plans or arrangements made regarding the future. In this case we also use a time expression, unless the situation is very clear. We’re having lunch together today. They aren’t going abroad for Christmas this year. What are you doing this evening? • We usually prefer the Present continuous with the verbs go, come and leave, even when there is only an intention. She’s going to the gym this afternoon. Are you coming to the party tonight? I’m leaving at dawn to catch the first train to Birmingham.
Interrogative form Am I going to work? Are you going to work? Is he going to work? Is she going to work? Is it going to work? Are we going to work? Are you going to work? Are they going to work?
Short answers affirmative Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes, Yes,
I am, you are. he is. she is. it is. we are. you are. they are.
negative No, I’m not. No, you aren’t No, he isn’t. No, she isn’t. No, it isn’t. No, we aren’t. No, you aren’t. No, they aren’t.
! Note! When we talk about the future, it is not always clear whether there is a definite plan or just an intention to do something. In these cases, we can use either the Present continuous or be going to, but the difference in meaning is very subtle. I’m meeting Derek tomorrow morning. (there is a prior arrangement – we have already spoken and agreed) I’m going to meet Derek at the end of the week. (the intention is there, but the specific details have not been decided yet) ! Note! We always use the Present simple after when, if, as soon as, before and after to speak about future actions. My uncle is going to move to the countryside when he retires. If I do well on my test, I’m going to celebrate! I’m going to look for a job as soon as I graduate.
want to • w ant is a regular verb. We can use it with different structures: want + noun
• In American English, they tend to use the slang form wanna instead of want to in informal spoken language, in songs, etc. Wanna go out for pizza tonight? I wanna hold your hand. • To express desires and intentions, we can also use would like (’d like) + to infinitive. She would like to be an actress. She’d like to start a new course.
I want a new car. She wants more ice cream. want + to infinitive They don’t want to spend their summer holidays in the mountains. I want to study biology at University.
• We can also use would like to make an invitation or to offer something to somebody. Would you like to go to the cinema tonight? Would you like a piece of cake?
MY GLOSSARY Sailing bay boat galley kitchen ocean to sail to set off from voyage
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
School biology chemistry computer studies course geography history maths PE physics religious education subject to apply to a school
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
to do one’s to take an exam Other... nouns bear bridge businessman challenge dolphin hunter management motorway (satellite) phone planet preparations railway relatives rocket surfboard tongue twister wetsuit
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
adjectives amazing brave creative epic fit lucky pretty strong talented tiny
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
verbs to draw to drive to leave to jump to pick sb up to plan to post
________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
Grammar and Vocabulary Practice Grammar Present continuous for future plans
be going to for future intentions
ead the following sentences and decide if the R Present continuous is used in a present (P) or a future (F) sense.
P 1 Look, the cat’s trying to catch a fly! ______ 2 We’re going to the party tomorrow evening, how about you? ______ 3 I’m sorry, the headmaster is talking on the phone, can you wait five minutes? ______ 4 I’m seeing my dentist tomorrow about this toothache. ______ 5 I’m leaving early tomorrow, I want to arrive on time. ______ 6 I think Steven is doing his homework upstairs. ______ 7 I’m doing an audition this afternoon for a part in a film, wish me luck! ______ 8 Jess is starting a new course soon. ______
2 Write sentences with the correct form of the
Present continuous and the words given.
1 you / meet / Jonathan / tomorrow? Are you meeting Jonathan tomorrow? 2 we / not / take / the first train. _________________________________________ 3 Pat / pay / for the course / next week. _________________________________________ 4 why / you / stay / at home / this evening? _________________________________________ 5 when / she / arrive? _________________________________________ 6 he / not / come / to the match. _________________________________________ 7 why / you / not / go / to the concert? _________________________________________
omplete the sentences with the correct form C of be going to and the words in brackets. ’s going to stay at Laura’s house 1 Kath ________________ tonight. (stay) 2 Jamie and Sue _____________ a birthday party for their sister. (organise) 3 We _____________ Derek outside the café. (meet) 4 My mum _____________ her relatives in America next summer. (visit) 5 _____________ here this afternoon? (Sarah / come round) 6 I think Robert _____________ later. (call) 7 Angela _____________ us. (help) 8 Why _____________ her project? (Susan / not finish)
4 Complete the sentences with the correct form
of be going to and the verbs below. move cook not buy see do watch buy give
’re going to see the doctor on Tuesday. 1 We______________ 2 _____________ Jo’s documentary tomorrow? I want to see it. (you) 3 My parents _____________ me a new phone so I’m saving to buy one. 4 _____________ an exam next week? I need more time to study. (our teacher) 5 He _____________ me that book for my birthday. 6 I _____________ dinner this evening. My mum’s too tired. 7 What _____________ after his holiday? (he) 8 My sister _____________ to a new flat in spring.
Vocabulary Prepositions of movement 5
Underline the correct prepositions.
1 Please walk quickly into / under / across the road. 2 The director’s office is through / up / out on the fourth floor. 3 Can I bring my bike across / into / over the building? 4 Just walk through / around / over the main hall and turn left into the corridor. 5 Let’s sit in the shade into / over / under this tree for a while. 6 I have to go down / over / across the stairs to see who’s at the door. 7 Why don’t you come under / down / over to my house this evening? 8 Take those books into / out of / across the box and put them on the table please.
omplete the dialogue with the words below. C There are two extra words. out of chemistry biology history through up into
School subjects 6 Match the sentences to the school subjects they refer to.
1 Napoleon Bonaparte was a general and Emperor of France. 2 Now let’s look at the anatomy of the fish. 3 Does water contain oxygen? 4 This area is dominated by mountains. 5 Can anyone tell me the answer to this problem? 6 Use the mouse to double click the icon. 7 What does the word école mean? 8 Now, we have an interesting energy field here. 9 There is a town-country conflict in this area. 1
a physics b French c social studies d history e chemistry f biology g geography h computer studies i maths
Simon Where are you going Lennie? School isn’t finished, you know. Lennie I know, but I’m fed up. I want to get out of this building and go away. (1) ______ Simon Why? What’s wrong? Lennie Everything. I have a (2) _____________ test next and I know nothing about the past, nothing. Simon You don’t have to know everything, just what’s in your book. Let’s go (3) _____________ to the library on the second floor and study it together. Lennie Thanks, but that’s not all. I’ve got a (4) _____________ lesson after that. We’re working on frog anatomy. I hate it, I feel sick. I just want to walk (5) _____________ the road and sit in the park for a while. I’m coming back later for (6) _____________ because I like numbers. Simon Be careful, if the teachers see you, they’re going to get really angry. Why don’t you go (7) _____________ the empty classroom next door and wait there?
English in Context 1 R ead the script of the telephone conversation and choose the correct option a, b or c.
omplete Harry’s email using the correct form C of be going to and the verbs below. be do call apply help
spend study get not go
Dear Uncle Albert,
Andy What (1) _____________ are you doing tonight? a you do b plan to do c are you doing (2) _____________ to go to Alex’s house? a Want you b Do you want c Are you wanting Jodie I’m sorry. I can’t, (3) I _____________ the match with my dad. a ’ll watch b am going to watch c are watching Andy What (4) _____________ your plans for tomorrow evening? a be b are c is Jodie I (5) _____________ tennis with Martha tomorrow evening. a play b will play c am playing Andy Look. I’ve got tickets for the Interpol concert. Jane and Phil (6) _____________ . a will come b are coming c come Jodie What about Terry and Chris? Andy No they (7) _____________ . It’s on Friday night. a not coming b aren’t coming c not come Jodie Friday night? I can’t, I (8) _____________ my mum make dinner. a will help b plan helping c am helping Andy Right. And I suppose you (9) _____________ your hair on Saturday. a are washing b to wash c going to plan Jodie No, I’m not. How about coming round? We can listen to music or something. Andy Great. What time?
Hope you’re well. I just wanted to tell you what going to do this summer. I want to do I (1) ’m ____________ something different, so I (2) _____________ on holiday with mum and dad this summer. (I think they (3) _____________ a couple of weeks in Scotland.) I (4) _____________ a job and earn some money. My dad (5) _____________ me write my CV. There are lots of summer jobs on the Internet, I (6) _____________ them and then I (7) _____________ for the ones that interest me. There’s a job holiday camp activity organiser in Maine! I think I (8) _____________ and ask for an application form. (9) ____________ (you) there in Maine this summer? I hope so! Write soon
nderline the correct option to complete the U text.
This week we are going to sail in The Lake District. We’re meeting (1) at / on the café at 8.30. How to get there: walk (2) down / through the high street, (3) turn left at / in the lights, walk (4) through / over the bridge and the café is on the right, (5) next to / at the supermarket. We’re going to drive for an hour (6) through / across beautiful countryside until we get to Coniston boating centre. There we’re going to sail (7) across / over the lake and then we’re going to have a picnic (8) in / into the park.
omplete the texts with the school subjects C from Unit 3. The first letter is given.
We’ve got 6 subjects this year! I’m not keen on our (1) m____ aths teacher. He doesn’t explain algebra very well. Mr Davis is teaching us (2) c_____________ . I love doing experiments with chemicals in the lab. Our (3) f_____________ teacher is nice. She’s from Paris. What about you?
I’m enjoying (4) c_____________ s_____________ . We’re learning how to use Office Power Point to give presentations. I like (5) e_____________ too. We’re studying Shakespeare this term. But I really can’t stand (6) p_____________ e_____________ . I’m hopeless at sports!
5 Put the dialogue in the correct order.
1 Simon What’s Susan going to do next year? (I) Simon I’m taking my ‘A’ levels next July (______) so I’m going to work really hard this year. (______) Simon Are you going to stay on at school? (______) Laura I think she’s going to change school. (______) Laura No, I’m not. I’m starting work in my uncle’s garage next month! (______) What about you? Laura Because they are moving house in August. (______) Simon Why does she want to do that?
ecide if the underlined sentences in exercise D 5 express a plan (P) or an intention (I).
7 Match the sentence halves.
1 I’m not very good at Latin or Greek, 2 Tom’s the best player in the football team, 3 Sarah likes children, 4 We’ve got a camper van, 5 Mum loves history, 6 We had a big lunch, 7 I’ve got a lot of homework, 8 She’s really good at biology and chemistry,
a so she wants to be a teacher. b so we aren’t staying in a hotel. c so we are visiting the museum on Saturday morning. d so I think she’s going to study medicine. 1 e so I’m not going to go to study them anymore. f so I’m staying at home tonight. g so he’s playing in the final next week. h so we aren’t going to have any dinner.
8 F ive of these sentences contain mistakes. Underline the mistakes and rewrite the correct sentences.
1 We are going to study the geography next year. We are going to study geography next year. 2 The teacher going to give us a test soon. 3 I’m hungry so I’m going make a sandwich. 4 My friend is calling me at six. 5 She walked through the bridge. 6 I don’t study computer studies. 7 We’re going to Florence in January. 8 He climbed under the wall and into the garden.
ranslate the following sentences into your T own language.
1 I’m going home after class. 2 A What are you going to study at university? B I’m going to study history. 3 I’m meeting Simon at 5 p.m. 4 I don’t like chemistry. 5 Paul is starting university on 4th October. 6 What are you doing next weekend? 7 Pam wants to be a doctor. 8 What are you going to do in the future?
Vocabulary Builder Multi-word verbs: travel
4 C omplete the text with pairs of synonyms from exercise 3.
Sometimes we can group multi-word verbs together, according to the verb, to the preposition or to the topic they relate to. Creating logical connections makes it easier to memorise and use them correctly.
nderline the verbs in these two sentences U that have the same meaning. Which one is a multi-word verb?
Erika Hindley is leaving next week on an incredible 25,000-mile voyage. Erika’s setting off with good luck messages from all around the world.
eplace the verbs in bold in the sentences with R the multi-word verbs below.
It’s three weeks since my brother Jack voyage / journey around set off on his (1) _______________ the UK and he hopes to (2) _____________ home in about a week. Not long now! I hope he’s OK! I don’t like these journeys where people go (3) _____________ , I prefer there to be at least two people. The food is probably (4) _____________ , he’s probably very thin now. The local council (5) _____________ to have a welcome back celebration on his return, he can eat all he wants at the party! I’ve got a special present for him, a (6) _____________ boat made of silver, the same size as a coin. He can keep it on his keyring.
start out get off get on get into get out (of) go on check in get in
1 We left on our long journey with a picnic in our started out bag. _____________ 2 When she left the train, she found her brother there to meet her. _____________ 3 Please leave your car and show me your driving license. _____________ 4 We’re thinking of taking a trip along the river. _____________ 5 Come on, enter the car, I’ll take you there. _____________ 6 Excuse me, what time does the next train arrive? _____________ 7 When everyone enters the plane, we’ll close the doors. _____________ 8 Please go to the desk and present your ticket, so you can receive your boarding card. _____________
Words with the same meaning: synonyms 3
Match the words 1-6 to their synonyms a-f.
1 voyage 2 solo 3 plan 4 come back 5 tiny 6 terrible
a alone b dreadful c return 1 d journey by sea e intend f very small
Wishes for special occasions The author of the text about Erika Hindley wrote the words Bon Voyage at the end of the article to wish her a safe trip. Do you know what language it is? We use many different kinds of expressions for special occasions when we want to wish someone success, good luck or a speedy recovery.
atch the following expressions 1-8 to the M situations a-h in which they are used.
1 Break a leg! 2 Take care! 3 Get well soon! 4 Happy ________. (name of occasion)
5 I’m so sorry. 6 Good luck! 7 Cheers! 8 Keep in touch!
a We wish someone success and a positive result in general. 1 b W e wish someone good luck before a performance or concert. c W e hope someone will look after themselves when we say good bye. d W e ask someone to write to or phone us when we part. e A toast we make to the group when we have a drink together. f W e wish someone a quick recovery from an illness or injury. g We offer our sympathy to someone during a bad or difficult moment. h W e wish someone a good Christmas, Easter, birthday etc.
Skills Reading 1
Read the article. Where are Jemma and her family going first?
I’m going to take a year off from acting Oscar-winning actress Jemma Roberts is taking a year off from acting. She told Hollywood News, ‘I am exhausted and want to take some time off.’ (1) Are you going to continue working for the charity Child Care? ‘I’m not going to act or do any charity work. I want to travel. I’d really like to visit India. I’m going to spend time doing fun things with my family.’ Jemma’s daughter Lena is 13 years old. She goes to high school in London. Emma and her husband Gregg Wild are planning to take their daughter out of school. ‘We’re going to give her a break from traditional education. We’re going to show her the world.’ (2) _____________ ‘Lena’s really looking forward to travelling with us. She’s taking her laptop and her mobile so she can keep in touch with her friends. (3) _____________ . ‘We are going to tutor her and she’s taking her school books.’ (4) _____________ ‘Well, I’m pretty good at English,
omplete the interview with the questions C below.
Which country are you going to visit first? How does she feel about taking a year off school? What are you going to do there? When are you setting off? Are you going to continue working for the charity Child Care?’ How long are you staying there? What about her school work? What are you going to teach her?
W rite T (true) or F (false) and correct the false statements.
1 Jemma isn’t going to work for a year. ______ T 2 They are going to take a tutor with them to teach Lena. ______ 3 Lena isn’t taking her computer with her. ______ 4 Lena is happy to travel with her parents. ______ 5 Jemma is going to teach Lena maths. ______ 6 Lena is going to go to school in Africa. ______ 7 They’re going to Thailand after Africa. ______
history and geography and Gregg is going to teach her science and maths. Lena is also going to learn from the world around her! Then when we get to India, she’s going to go to a local school for a month or two to experience a different kind of schooling.’ (5) _____________ ‘We’re going to Africa first. We’re visiting my brother Guy in Zimbabwe first. He’s working there.’ (6) _____________ ‘We’re flying to Zimbabwe at the beginning of August.’ (7) _____________ ‘For the first two weeks, we’re planning to just relax and spend time with Guy. Then in mid August Guy’s taking us on safari to see the wildlife.’ (8) _____________ ‘We’re spending three months in Africa and then we’re going to visit Thailand and China, and of course India, and we’re coming back on the first of August next year!’
4 I magine that you are going to take a break from school (a gap year) and travel with your family. Describe your trip and what you are going to do. Read the interview again to help you.
4 Jess and Steven are talking about their plans. Listen to the dialogue and answer the questions.
1 2 3 4 5 6
What is Jesse doing when Steven calls? _________________________________________ Why is Jesse having a party? _________________________________________ What is she going to study? _________________________________________ When is she going to Tunisia? _________________________________________ Why is Steven going to Cambridge? _________________________________________ What is Jack going to do in summer? _________________________________________