Spring 2024: Mountains & Creeks

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Mountains and Creeks

Cerrillos Rd, Santa Fe 505.930.5325
1 EDIBLENM.COM DEPARTMENTS 2 4 6 28 34 40 52 GRIST FOR THE MILL By Briana Olson and Susanna Space CONTRIBUTORS LOCAL HEROES NOSA, Paulraj Karuppasamy, Sawmill Market, and La Reforma GOOD EATS The Many Facets of Whiskey Creek Zócalo by Jennifer C. Olson CHEF’S TABLE A Brother’s Tribute by Susanna Space COOKING FRESH Ashes to Ashes by Stephanie Cameron EDIBLE INGREDIENT Cheese 54 80 60 66 74 RESILIENCE Trout Warriors by Briana Olson LAST BITE Roasted Romanesco with White Bean Dip UNTIL THE SHEEP COME HOME A Conversation between Elena Miller-ter Kuile and leticia gonzales edited and transcribed by Ungelbah Dávila A WILD DISH FROM HOLY GHOST CREEK by Ellen Zachos FIRESHED-WATERSHEDFOODSHED Reenvisioning Agriculture in the Face of Climate Change by Charles Curtin FEATURES ON THE COVER Coal-Roasted Pumpkin Fondue, recipe on page 48. Photo by Stephanie Cameron. ® edible NEW MEXICO MEMBER OF THE STORY OF LOCAL FOOD, SEASON BY SEASON Mountains and Creeks ISSUE 90 SPRING 2024 MARCH APRIL SPRING 2024 ∙ MARCH / APRIL 326 S GUADALUPE ST, SANTA FE, 505-772-0192 SANTA FE’S NEWEST MICRO FOOD HALL SANTA FE’S NEWEST MICRO FOOD HALL

Mountains and Creeks

“Far up on heights, in regions of the mist,” wrote John Shepherd, a nineteenthcentury journalist and poet of Colorado and New Mexico, “silvery lakes . . . sleep calmly near eternal banks of snow—the source of the life which blooms so sweet below.”

That Shepherd was writing of our region might come as a surprise to those who recognize New Mexico by its capacious horizons, its yucca-studded mesas, its cactus and cottonwoods. Known from afar for its desert landscapes, red rocks and badlands and bone-colored canyons, New Mexico is nonetheless a tapestry of mountains. The Sangre de Cristos, named, if not for alpenglow, for a red-throated bird or a red-crested flower or a crimson-colored spring; the Sandias, named for watermelon sunsets or Native squash or a saint; the Pinos Altos, named for tall trees; the Jemez, the Zunis, the Mimbres, each named for a people.

This issue of edible New Mexico is devoted to life in those mountains. We follow Ellen Zachos up Holy Ghost Creek, where she guides us in foraging for early spring greens. Weaving apprentice leticia gonzales talks with sheep farmer Elena Miller ter-Kuile about coming home, the health in diversity, and regenerating land in the Mountain West. Taking stock of the impacts of fire in Mora and around the state, ecologist Charles Curtin argues for a foodshed-centered approach to managing our drying forests, all likely to confront more fire.

In light of that vulnerability, we’ve gathered stories whose common thread is healing, through food and community as through land. At Whiskey Creek Zócalo, we find a constellation of garlic- and tree-growing, rural community building, pizza baking, and art making. Through Comanche Creek Brewery, we meet a group of disabled veterans finding recovery in fly fishing. On Taos Pueblo, we visit a café whose foods and practices are grounded in remembrance. Turning to the home kitchen, we explore a traditional practice with its own woodland roots: cooking with ash.

The mountains, whatever our perspective of their peaks, are very much of this world. We hope these stories likewise ground you in the tangible, be that through coal-roasted pumpkin fondue, spring greens fritters, a lamb pelt, or holistic, place-based ways to tend our working lands and forests through whatever comes.


Bite Size Media, LLC

Stephanie and Walt Cameron EDITOR

Briana Olson


Susanna Space


Marie Landau and Margaret Marti


Stephanie Cameron


Stephanie Cameron


Natalie Donnelly


Kate Collins, Melinda Esquibel


Cristina Grumblatt

CONTACT US info@ediblenm.com ediblenm.com


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2 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
apparel kids vintage home books jewelry www.blackdiamondcurio.com 121 W San Francisco a modern mercantile in old Santa Fe

Celebrate Our 25th Anniversary

Charcuterie & Wine Bar

DINNER PARTY BOARDS to-go for pickup & delivery

Thursday, April 18

Visit kitchenangels.org to see participating restaurants


Legal Tender | Sunday, April 21

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115 Harvard SE, ABQ


STEPHANIE CAMERON was raised in Albuquerque and earned a degree in fine arts at the University of New Mexico. She is the art director, head photographer, recipe tester, marketing guru, publisher, and owner of edible New Mexico and The Bite.

CHARLES CURTIN has decades of experience working with communities on climate adaptation in New Mexico and across the globe. He is the author of nearly a hundred articles, monographs, and books, including The Science of Open Spaces, Complex Ecology, and the forthcoming Beyond Resilience. He holds an MS in restoration ecology, a doctorate in landscape ecology, has cofounded programs in adaptive management at MIT, and has taught at MIT, Harvard, and elsewhere. Find him at charlescurtin.com

UNGELBAH DÁVILA lives in Valencia County with her daughter, animals, and flowers. She is a writer, photographer, and Indigenous digital storyteller.

LETICIA GONZALES is an apprentice to Carlos Trujillo of Trujillo’s Weaving Gallery and a graduate of the Ariat-sponsored Chimayo Weaving Apprenticeship hosted by Emily Trujillo and the Española Valley Fiber Arts Center. They live and work in Santa Fe.

BRIANA OLSON is a writer and the editor of edible New Mexico and The Bite. She lives in Albuquerque.

JENNIFER C. OLSON tells the stories of the Land of Enchantment’s people, places, and culture through outlets such as edible New Mexico and New Mexico Magazine. Whether shining a light on a single fruit or diving into the complexities of the rural food system, she relishes the grains of stories in all of life’s moments. She lives on the outskirts of the Gila National Forest.

SUSANNA SPACE is a writer and the associate editor of edible New Mexico and The Bite. Her essays have appeared in Guernica, Longreads, The Rumpus, the Los Angeles Review, and many other literary outlets. She lives in Santa Fe.

ELLEN ZACHOS lives in Santa Fe and is the author of eight books, including the recently released The Forager’s Pantry. She is the cohost of the Plantrama podcast (plantrama.com), and writes about wild foods at backyardforager.com. Zachos offers several online foraging courses at backyard-forager.thinkific.com.

4 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
· 505-219-2001 ·

An edible Local Hero is an exceptional individual, business, or organization making a positive impact on New Mexico's food systems. These honorees nurture our communities through food, service, and socially and environmentally sustainable business practices. Edible New Mexico readers nominate and vote for their favorite local chefs, growers, artisans, advocates, and other food professionals in two dozen categories. Winners of the Olla and Spotlight Awards are nominated by readers and selected by the edible team. In each issue of edible, we feature interviews with a handful of the winners, allowing us to get better acquainted with them and the important work they do. Please join us in thanking these Local Heroes for being at the forefront of New Mexico's local food movement.




Tucked along the Rio Ojo Caliente north of Santa Fe is NOSA, Chef Graham Dodds’s restaurant. “I’ve worked in kitchens all over the United States and Europe, from Juneau, Portland, Vermont, and Martha’s Vineyard

to London and southern Switzerland,” he says. But it is New Mexico that has stolen his heart.

“I attribute my love for the culinary arts to spending summers in Scotland cooking

alongside my grandmother with produce from her garden. Also, a family friend, a transplanted Swiss chef, who taught me how to make a soufflé when I was ten years old. My parents were huge foodies and we

6 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 LOCAL HEROES
Vanilla bean flan, preserved cherries, and biscochito.
An enchanting stage for memories of a lifetime Located in the heart of downtown Santa Fe, Rosewood Inn of the Anasazi celebrates the enduring creative spirit and traditions of the region. To book your stay, contact our team directly at + 1 505 988 3030 or Anasazi.Reservations@Rosewoodhotels.com. rosewoodhotels.com ICONIC

would often pick vacation destinations for the restaurants we would want to eat at.”

Dodds graduated with honors from Le Cordon Bleu College of Culinary Arts in Portland, Oregon, and added an intensive pastry course at Le Cordon Bleu in London. Additionally, he took a course in Thailand learning traditional Thai cuisine and fruit and vegetable carving. In 2005, Dodds moved to Texas and ran some of the top kitchens in Dallas, including Bolsa, Hibiscus, Wayward Sons, and Elm & Good. There he rightfully earned accolades, including Restaurant of the Year from D Magazine, Best New Chef from the Dallas Observer, and Chef of the Year from CultureMap. And now he can add this honor from edible New Mexico.

You’ve worked as a chef here in the Southwest as well as in New England and the United Kingdom. You’ve also been visiting northern New Mexico since the 1990s. What draws you to a place? What made northern New Mexico the right spot to launch NOSA?

I love the property and the location so much. There is an absolute tranquility to the place that is so rare and special. The produce of New Mexico is inspiring as well. I never would have guessed it would be so prolific here year-round. The restaurant and inn is a magical space; I’m lucky to be here as a steward for this spectacular space.

NOSA combines fine dining with a particularly scenic, peaceful, and remote location. In your view, how do atmosphere

and aesthetics influence food and wine selections, and vice versa?

I believe the whole place evokes a peacefulness that translates to the whole experience. It’s a leisurely meal and you get to take your time savoring it all and enjoying the company you are with.

Is there a model that you’ve referred to as you’ve built NOSA, or a place you visited that inspired you to take the leap?

I’ve worked at many places, but nothing ever like this before. I definitely wanted to have a multicourse experience and I just love writing seasonal, ever-changing menus. That keeps it so fresh and new.

How does the dream of NOSA compare with the reality of day-to-day operations? What have some of the challenges been?

8 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Graham Dodds, chef and proprietor. Right: Fritto misto with delicata squash, leeks, maitakes, Calabrian chile aioli, and lemon.

Bean-to-Bar Fine Chocolate vs. Industrialized Chocolate

■ More intense avors varying by where beans were grown vs. one homogenized avor

■ Higher nutritional quality vs. lower nutritional quality, arti cial ingredients, stabilizers

■ Cornucopia of tastes and velvety mouth-feel vs. waxy mouth-feel and metallic tastes

Eldora starts with cacao beans delivered from the world-wide growers we partner with

The harvested, fermented, and dried cacao beans are rst cleaned

go into the concher to be smashed and ground.

Roasting teases out the unique avors of the beans, while reducing any o -tastes from fermentation.

Ingredients are added to the chocolate liquor from the concher before pouring into molds.

Next, the hulls must be detached from the beans (winnowed), leaving the cocoa nibs.

The cocoa nibs will The ground cocoa nibs become a smooth chocolate liquor in the concher. The nished artisan chocolate bars are ready to be enjoyed by our discerning customers.

Has anything surprised you?

It’s a huge amount of work. I have a great team, but I do a whole lot of the work myself, including every bit of food prep and cooking. The business side of things is always hard for me—I wish I could just create in the kitchen the whole time. I’m surprised with the quality of the staff I have here. They care immensely and are so genuine and kind. It’s such a great family. I really had no idea if I could even find anyone to work out here in the middle of nowhere.

Restaurants continue to struggle to find and keep staff, both front of house and back. Who do you rely on for help? Any secrets you’d like to share for recruiting workers and keeping your staff happy?

It’s really been word of mouth here. I hired a few people at the beginning and then they would tell their friends, and it’s grown

that way. It’s nice when they think highly enough of NOSA to tell others they are close to, which also adds to this amazing family dynamic we have here.

You’ve talked about NOSA as being focused on hyperlocal ingredients and the seasonality of the menu. Are there any dishes you’re particularly excited about making as the weather warms?

Gosh, I always love when spring comes. It’s a celebration for sure. The Vagabond Farmers had the most amazing fava beans last year, and that truly is one of the first signs of warmer weather! Also can’t wait for mushroom season—I’m a huge fanatic.

You’ve developed relationships with local suppliers like Khalsa Family Farms, Bread Shop, and La Lecheria, incorporating local ingredients and products into the dining experience. What role does community

play in NOSA’s ethos? Are there any new relationships or partnerships in the works? Well, it’s honestly the way I cook. I’d be lost without the stellar ingredients grown right around here. I’m lucky to have great farmers and suppliers nearby growing beautiful and tasty produce and always trying new and unusual things. I’m constantly working with them on what to grow next!

Describe a perfect day off.

Going mushroom hunting in the mountains. Anything else you’d like to share with edible readers?

I really appreciate all the love and support! It’s so nice to feel so embraced by the community, and I’ve really loved getting to know everyone over the last year and a half.

49 Rancho de San Juan, Ojo Caliente, 505-753-0881, nosanm.com

10 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: The Vagabond Farmers’ spinach salad with daikon, persimmon, and pistachios. Right: Duck confit, Hakurei turnips, apple butter, endive, and gribiche.


- ServSafe Food

APRIL 25 - Bread Baking at Altitude: Using Ancient Grains & Sourdough

APRIL 25 - Water Bath Canning 101

MAY 9 – Koji Rice & Koji Barley: Starter Culture

MAY 23 – Vinegars from Start to Finish

JUNE 6 – Kraut & Kimchi

JUNE 20 – Fermented

Safety Manager Class &
Pickles NMSU Cooperative Extension Services Classes in Albuquerque/Bernalillo County Fermentation for the Future: Preserving Our Connection to Food Scan this QR code to register for classes or if you'd like more information about our 2025 Master Food Preserver Program, email ambenson@nmsu.edu UPCOMING CLASSES If you are an individual with a disability who is in need of an auxiliary aid or service, please contact Amber Benson-Lehmer by 05/23/24 at ambenson@nmsu.edu or 505-243-1386. New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/a rmative action employer and educator. NMSU and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperating.
Vegetables: Lactic-Acid




“No one in my family eats out,” says Paper Dosa’s chef Paulraj Karuppasamy, speaking about the Indian home in which he lived until going to college. “I was raised vegetarian. South Indian food has a rich tradition in vegan and vegetarian dishes, and I am inspired by vegetables.” He earned a bachelor’s degree in catering science and hotel management, then began working at a resort in the Maldives, where he was exposed to the delicious curries of Sri Lanka. After several

jobs at fine restaurants, he was recruited by a friend to work at Dosa in San Francisco, an upscale South Indian restaurant, which later brought him to Santa Fe and to his own restaurant, Paper Dosa. His philosophy in running the kitchen at Paper Dosa, where everything is made from scratch, is “Use high-quality ingredients, keep it simple and fresh, and use a diverse group of vegetables”—because that’s what brings the flavor.

You’re the child of a mother who loved to cook and a father who was a farmer and grocer. Can you say a bit about how that experience influenced you and your decision to become a chef?

Growing up, the only animal products we ate were milk and ghee—no eggs. My amma makes, still to this day, every meal fresh and from scratch with local and in-season vegetables and fruits. Nothing is premade. No

12 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 LOCAL HEROES
Paulraj Karuppasamy, chef at Paper Dosa.

JoIn Us At ThE TaBlE.

We are eagerly anticipating this spring’s exciting dining events at La Quinta.

MaRtIn WoOdS WiNe DiNnEr Saturday, April 6

Join us for an unmatched culinary experience showcasing one of our favorite winemakers from the Willamette Valley, Martin Woods Winery. Guided by sustainable, holistic principles, Martin Woods’ wines express the voice of the vineyard and an authentic sense of place. This dinner will feature a beautifully crafted menu designed by the Los Poblanos culinary team that will specifically showcase the remarkable selection of fine wines.

MoThEr’S DaY AfTeRnOoN TeA Sunday, May 12

As the historic Los Poblanos gardens burst into bloom, join us for a very special afternoon in celebration of Mother’s Day, with a magnifi cent tea service and an immersive guided experience around the property. Enjoy lovely organic teas from Taos’ small-batch, handcrafted tea company, tea.o.graphy, a sweet and savory menu prepared by Campo’s award-winning culinary team.

Visit lospoblanos.com/events-calendar for more information and tickets.

photo courtesy: Elizabeth Wells

packaged masalas. I understand everyone says that their mom is a great cook, but my mom—she knows how to season her food perfectly. I cannot make yogurt rice like her, or her sambar or her puli kuzhambu or her biryani. The rasam I make at Paper Dosa is my mom’s recipe. She is my biggest teacher. My father is obsessed with being healthy. He is known for picking the best produce. When I was living in India with my family in 2012, my father would go to the market three or four times a week for our [grocery] store. Every tomato was delicious, every shallot fresh, every mint leaf dark green and lively. Now that my father is getting older and the family’s store is closed, my brother Raja goes to the market every day to bring home the freshest and ripest fruits and vegetables money can buy. Whatever my brother brings home determines what meals will be served for that day.

Because of the quality of food I was raised on, I try my level best to give my customers

the food I believe my mom and dad would approve of. When they visited, they were proud of the food we served at Paper Dosa. Describe your journey from culinary student to restaurant owner. What obstacles have you encountered? How did you know the time was right to launch your own place?

Being a chef was not my first choice for my career. I had other talents, but being the eldest son, making money for my family was top priority. After college, I worked at Reethi Beach Resort in the Maldives and The Residency Towers hotel in Coimbatore Tamil Nadu, where they served food from other regions. I was able to get acquainted with grilling techniques from Afghanistan and other Muslim regions. I also became more familiar with alcohol and cocktails. In India, at that time, the best jobs to get with the degree I had were with the cruise lines. The cruise lines only showed me how food could be wasted. I would work the burger

line and make close to a thousand burgers a day. Kids would come by with their trays already full of pizza and pasta and add one or two burgers on top. Being an Indian, this was hard to see. I met wonderful people and saw the most beautiful places while working on cruise ships, but I was not inspired by the cuisine. It felt like a factory.

Dosa [on Valencia Street in San Francisco] was an exciting place to be. To my knowledge, it was the first upscale South Indian restaurant to open in the city. When we first opened, the place exploded. All the best chefs in San Francisco came to eat our food. We had a two-hour wait every night. I learned that people from all over like South Indian food. That gave me so much confidence.

When Nellie, my wife, and I decided to move to Santa Fe, I tried to find work. I realized very quickly that if I wanted to see my career take off in Santa Fe, I would have to make my food. It was not easy. For one year, I would cook food and serve it once a

14 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Bombay Sliders with spicy potato patties, caramelized onions, and mint and tamarind chutneys. Right: Winter Root Vegetable Uttapam with roasted parsnips, fingerling potatoes, carrots, and sunchokes.

Environmentally Packaged Fresh and Nutritious Food


La Montañita Co-op–Nob Hill & Rio Grande

Lowe’s Market on Lomas

Moses Kountry Natural Foods • Silver Street Market

Triangle Market in Sandia Crest

Sandia National Labs

UPC at UNM • UNM Hospital in Cafe Ristra

Presbyterian Rust Hospital

INTEL- Rio Rancho • Nusenda Corporate Office

Skarsgard Farms

Presbyterian Cooper Center

UNM Campus - Mercado, SRC, Cafe Lobo


La Montañita Co-op

Kaunes Market

Eldorado Supermart at the Agora

Christus St Vincent Hospital

Pojoaque SuperMarket

Ohori’s Coffee Roasters


Los Alamos Cooperative Market

Los Alamos National Laboratory


Center Market • Presbyterian Hospital


Cid’s Market


La Montañita Co-op

Dine on our patio in Nob Hill 116 Amherst Dr SE, Albuquerque, 505-266-6374

week at a small tech company downtown. Setting up a small buffet next to vending machines in their break room, Nellie and I would stand there and watch the majority of the office workers make a queue to the microwave to reheat their lunches. It was very humbling. This was the same food that had brought the top chefs of San Francisco to my kitchen to shake my hand and tell me “Job well done.”

What was it about Santa Fe that drew you to launch a restaurant here?

Survival. San Francisco was too expensive to start a family there. I was working six doubles a week. Santa Fe had family and we had support. After I saw how supportive the community was when we first started, it gave me confidence to keep going.

What part does the availability of local foods play in your decision to offer a certain dish?

If I have to source something to complete a dish, I will do my best to get it from a local business. I use more than twenty-five different vegetables. We are a vegetable-based

cuisine along with rice and lentils, and whatever we can source on a consistent basis, we will put it on our menu: okra in summer, different squashes or radishes, sunchokes, greens. . . . Right now getting farmers to supply to restaurants has been a challenge. We are hoping that will change in the future. If an item cannot be sourced at the standard I need, I will take it off the menu. Like our calamari—we have our customers asking for it regularly, but I cannot get the same quality of calamari anymore, so I will not serve it.

What inspires you as a chef? Who are your greatest culinary influences?

South India inspires me. In my free time, I like to watch food videos of home cooks from South India. I always learn something. My years of working with different Tamil chefs in San Francisco has given me a rich background of techniques and recipes. I also get inspired by my family and the residents who live in their village back in Tamil Nadu. I always learn a new recipe when I go home.

What are some of your favorite foods to eat when you’re not at work?

I love New Mexican food! It is comforting and delicious. I also love Mexican food, like fresh tacos. I am inspired by Mexican food and I am now making my own variety of salsas at home. I also love pupusas. Anything else you’d like to share with edible readers?

We just can’t believe how lucky we are. Stepping into our tenth year, we are blown away by how supportive the Santa Fe community has been. I work every day to make them proud to have us as part of Santa Fe. We hope to continue to do our part to improve the quality of life for all who live here. When we see our customers’ faces light up when they walk in our doors, the smiles on their faces, and the graciousness they show to our staff, we feel so good inside. It’s our hardworking staff that makes Paper Dosa what it is, and we are so proud of what each and every one of them brings to the experience. We love Santa Fe. Thank you!

16 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
551 W Cordova, Santa Fe, 505-930-5521, paper-dosa.com Seasonal Vegetable Curry with yellow summer squash, potato, cauliflower, carrots, and green beans in a coconut-tomato curry, served with coconut rice.
Reserve your spots today! CompoundRestaurant.com 505.982.4353 653 Canyon Road Santa Fe but first brunch lunch • dinner bar • patios photo: Kitty Leaken Special Spring Brunch Menus Easter & Mother’s Day Sundays 11:30am–3pm




It’s not easy to grasp the whole picture of Sawmill Market. The magic began in 2019 when the historic thirty-four-thousand-squarefoot lumberyard was transformed into a culinary and community hub. First, it’s the building. The industrial yet contemporary design incorporates regional elements while nodding to the historical roots of the neighborhood. Second, it’s The Yard, an outdoor

dining space that mirrors the openness of the food hall’s high ceilings and abundant windows. Third, it’s the more than two dozen individual local food businesses, including a taproom, cocktail and wine bars, and a coffee bar. As the cornerstone of the Sawmill District Development Project, Sawmill Market unites imaginative design with a platform for diverse food entrepreneurs in Albuquerque.

Sawmill Market is housed in a former lumber warehouse. How did that influence and inspire the market’s design? Why repurpose an industrial building as a food hall, and what elements of the historic structure were preserved or repurposed? The intent in designing Sawmill Market was to showcase an urban space rooted in the history of the neighborhood and

18 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 LOCAL HEROES
Main entrance at Sawmill Market. Photo courtesy of Sawmill Market.
A locally -sourced restaurant experience capturing the essenceof historical Corrales. 4908 Corrales Rd, Corrales

the lumberyard itself. According to Islyn Studio, the firm that designed the market in collaboration with owner Jim Long and experienced restaurateurs Jason and Lauren Greene, “Reclaimed timber from the original warehouse demolition and poured concrete comprise the flooring and custom furniture and fixtures. Among the historic materials, we weaved in storied elements of heritage and Indigenous craft . . . that serve as both an homage and, given the industrial architecture, a surprising subversion of New Mexico’s signature adobe.” Wood furniture, handmade tiles, hand-painted signage, and exposed beams nod toward the neighborhood’s roots. With floor-to-ceiling steelframe windows, the market incorporates beautiful New Mexico light along with local building materials and decor focused on reclaimed and local artisan craftsmanship.

The Sawmill District has been shaped by more than two hundred years of history. The earliest permanent settlement in the Old Town area was made by Tiwa-speaking

people about 1350 BCE. They lived between today’s Bernalillo and Isleta Pueblo, growing corn, beans, squash, and cotton in irrigated fields. Spaniards later called this area the province of Tiguex and gave the district its start when they established the Old Town settlement in 1706.

In the 1800s, houses were built along the irrigation ditches and major roads that are now Mountain Road, Sawmill Road, and Rio Grande Boulevard. Between 1903 and 1905, the American Lumber Company built a 110-acre complex in the district, and an electric streetcar line replaced the city’s horse-drawn trolley system. The original site was surrounded by farmland and swamps, yet people continued to flock to this area for jobs, so the streetcar was extended to serve the sawmill workers and businesses in the Sawmill District.

Most of the area’s major housing subdivisions were created during a post–World War I building boom. Farmland buffered housing from the company’s sawmill activ-

ity until the 1940s. Eventually the lumber company operations bordered Twelfth Street to the west and today’s West Sawmill Neighborhood to the south. And both housing and industrial businesses replaced farmland between Fourth and Twelfth Streets, bringing the two uses even closer together.

Old Town began to commercialize in the 1950s, and in the 1960s, I-40 cut through, sandwiching subdivision remnants between the highway and the growing industrial areas south of it. Old Town’s influence spread north and east in the next two decades, with restaurants, hotels, and museums. And the expansion continues today with the construction of the new Hotel Chaco and, of course, Sawmill Market itself.

What distinguishes the modern food hall/market from the food court at a shopping mall?

“In architecting the layout of the space,” Islyn Studio said, “we were inspired by the flexible functionality and wise use of space of the traditional Navajo trading posts, and

20 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Bird’s-eye view of Sawmill Market. Photo by Douglas Merriam.

Agua es Vida café es amor


employed similar wayfinding structures throughout.”

In terms of cuisine, the intent was to give locals and out-of-town visitors a new standard among our food scene in Albuquerque. We also seek to align ourselves with local brands; we know this industry is competitive and success can be short lived if branding and messaging aren’t right from the start.

A number of early vendors at Sawmill still anchor the space, but there’s also been turnover. What makes for success in this setting?

We think it’s important to listen to what our guests are looking for while embracing new culinary experiences that highlight the emerging food scene in New Mexico. We

provide a platform for culinary creators to showcase their talent and vision.

Who manages the soundscape at Sawmill Market?

Trevor Randall, our general manager. Randall is an experienced restaurateur, beverage enthusiast, and motivated operator who takes pride in delivering the best experience possible. He brings his unique background and interests to Sawmill Market, creating a dynamic environment for everyone to enjoy.

Not surprisingly, given its size, Sawmill Market offers customers a wide variety of dining experiences—not just in cuisine but in atmosphere. What do you consider the sweet spots?

We want our guests to have a memorable

experience each time they visit the market. The goal is for guests to try the very best food in each category. A lively and vibrant atmosphere was created inside and carried to the outdoor spaces of Sawmill. The outdoor spaces are gathering places to embrace community while experiencing quality food and entertainment. Inside, each tenant offers a unique culinary experience with a specific offering not to be duplicated. What is a local food issue that matters to you?

Continuing to highlight the talent and creativity of local culinary innovators and creators in New Mexico.

1909 Bellamah NW, Albuquerque, sawmillmarket.com

22 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Upstairs event space at Sawmill Market. Photo courtesy of Sawmill Market.


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At La Reforma, co-owner Jeff Jinnett says they do three things and they do them well: Mexico City–style street tacos rolled in tortillas they make in-house daily, a lineup of Mexican lagers and craft-style beers, and quality cocktails featuring their house-distilled spirits. Jinnett spent most

of his childhood in Mexico City, which is where he developed his love of Mexican cuisine. His family relocated to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he went to high school and the University of Tennessee. What followed was a career in the restaurant industry, working for independent and chain companies

throughout the Southeast and Southwest, landing squarely in New Mexico in 1994. “After thirty-five years working for others, it was time to strike out on my own,” he says. In 2019, Jinnett and a couple of colleagues started La Reforma in Albuquerque’s Wildflower neighborhood.

24 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 LOCAL HEROES
Spiked mango and watermelon aguas frescas and Turbia 1.0 IPA.

Amazing coffee, incredible food.

1366 Cerrillos Rd

314 S. Guadalupe St

1600 Lena St

Pre-order food and coffee for take-out or dine-in @ Iconikcoffee.com

Free parking everywhere

You and co-owner John Gozigian both have a background in starting breweries. What led you to open a taqueria that is also a brewery and a distillery?

Off and on, John and I had talked and dreamed about opening a casual and fun restaurant serving authentic Mexican food. Through a series of events and coincidences that might have been fate, the stars aligned, and we got that opportunity with La Reforma. Together we had opened Blue Corn Brewery, Chama River Brewing Co., and Marble Brewery, so it made sense to add a brewery component to our concept. The spark to add distilling came from John, who had the vision to take us in a direction that neither of us had any experience in. Talk about Mexico City. Do you have a favorite neighborhood? Was there a formative taco or street food experience that inspired La Reforma?

I love the Polanco neighborhood and its proximity to Bosque de Chapultepec park and Paseo de la Reforma. It is a vibrant cultural and culinary area and a lot of fun to be in. Everywhere you go there are tacos al pastor sizzling away on trompos— absolutely delicious!

Who touches each beer and spirit that you produce, and how did they come to be part of your team?

James Warren is at the helm of our brewery/ distillery and gets the credit for the wonderful creations that are on tap or mixed in our restaurant. James has a long history of success in brewing and distilling and we feel fortunate to have him on our team.

Where do you source the masa for your tortillas? What else is essential to a good taco?

We use yellow Maseca for our handmade corn tortillas, which is a bit uncommon, as most corn tortillas are made with white Maseca. We like the full flavor and heartiness of the yellow corn. Once you have a great tortilla, the key to a great taco is using fresh and high-quality ingredients and, of course, a chef who knows how to develop amazing recipes and execute them consistently. We are fortunate to have that in Javier Castillo, a friend and colleague for over twenty-five years who also happens to be an amazing chef.

Who selects artwork for the dining room?

John came across the artist Charles Harker, and we both love his vibrant depictions of

Mexican towns and landscapes. Our restaurant is almost completely decorated with his art, and it plays a major part in creating the contemporary Mexico City ambience of La Reforma. We get so many questions and requests to purchase the artwork that we have printed information ready to hand out! It’s a dry, windy afternoon in April. What beer or spirit are you drinking, paired with which taco or torta?

You will find me with a crisp, refreshing La Ref Lager in my hand and a tray of carnitas tacos. Our carnitas are simply delicious. Put them on a handmade corn tortilla with some fresh guacamole, cilantro, onions, and our salsas—and wow!

Anything else you’d like to share with edible readers?

We are extremely proud of the wonderful and talented group of cooks, hosts, servers, and bartenders that comprise the La Reforma team. There is an atmosphere of teamwork and caring at La Refoma, and we all share a passion to provide the best dining experience to our guests.

8900 San Mateo NE, Ste i, Albuquerque, 505-717-1361, lareformabrewery.com

26 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Pozole. Right: Tacos.
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What will you find at Whiskey Creek Zócalo? According to the hand-lettered sign out front, the answer appears to be “cold beer, good wine, live music, woodfired pizza.” But there’s more to discover at the site that the former Hurley schoolhouse has occupied since the 1940s or so.

On seven acres in the Arenas Valley, a community bisected by US Highway 180 as it runs between the town of Silver City and the historic mining village of Hurley, the restored stucco building is flanked

today by a wall of shipping containers painted with desert-toned geometric murals by Nichole Graf. You can step into Whiskey Creek Zócalo through the building’s main entrance or slip between a pair of turquoise doors—a break in the murals—to find yourself in a plant nursery. Doing a double take, you might glance back toward the parking lot and notice the antique orange Ford carrying another sign with bubbly letters spelling out the word “nursery.”

28 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Front entrance of Whiskey Creek Zócalo.

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Yes, at Whiskey Creek Zócalo, you’ll find food, drink, entertainment, and plants. Soon you’ll also be able to glamp and enjoy multiday festivals at the sprawling bar/restaurant/venue/farm/nursery. The owners, Melanie Zipin plus her husband, Jeff LeBlanc, and her son, Rafael Zipin, shrug and say, “We wanted to create a space that reflected all our passions, which is why we’re kind of all over the place.” Each has experience in the service industry but is foremost an artist and musician with an inclination toward building community. “It felt more like a passion project than a business to me,” Melanie says. With no specific intentions, Melanie and Jeff purchased the four-thousand-square-foot building on its creek-side acreage in 2015. During the pandemic, Rafael brought home the experience he’d amassed during a decade of opening and operating bars in Los Angeles and Portland. In the three years they spent remodeling the building and grounds, they expanded their vision. And over their first year of being in business, they’ve allowed even more ideas to sprout rather than pruning back their dreams.

Being “all over the place” is part of what makes Whiskey Creek Zócalo such a gem. But what makes it really special is the way the family makes everyone feel invited. “Our community has felt separated for a while,” says Melanie, acknowledging that most locals live beyond the Silver City town limits and want a gathering place outside of downtown. “You can tell when you talk to people from the rural areas. They hopefully have a place that feels comfortable now.”

The family has devoted their energy and resources to creating a destination for people near—and far. That has come to include an impressive catalog of touring musicians who might otherwise have passed through without performing. “The Southwest is so hard because everywhere is so spread out. Somebody might have a gig in Austin and not have another until Phoenix,” says Rafael, the wizard behind the bookings. He strives to present music as a focus rather than as background noise, hosting about four touring acts each month and sprinkling in low-key events like the regular songwriters’ showcase. “We like to have a combination of giving people what they want to see and showing people what they haven’t seen yet,” Rafael says.

While Whiskey Creek Zócalo imports some of its entertainment, its restaurant sources whatever possible locally. The pizza, which is excellent, is baked in the horno Jeff built of clay. “My first wood-fired oven was probably twenty years ago. We started doing parties at our house, always cooking with fire,” he says, noting that piñon and oak flavor the pies, stuffed mushrooms, and roasted vegetables differently than a conventional oven could.

Radishes, turnips, beets, and squash from Frisco Farm the next county over get chopped into salads. Drinks sometimes include muddled juniper berries or strawberries plucked from containers out back, while salads may be garnished with foraged yucca flowers or sprinkled with the elm seeds that abound each spring. “They’re super delicious,” Jeff says.

30 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Melanie Zipin, Rafael Zipin, and Jeff LeBlanc. Right: Jeff retrieving pizza from wood-fired oven.
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The bar offers New Mexico wines along with beer from Silver City’s Little Toad Creek and other regional breweries. The wine- and beerbased cocktails, like sangrias, are mixed with house-made simple syrups. Rafael already plans on serving mesquite flour–rimmed cocktails when the venue receives its craft spirits license this spring. “We did make some of our own tepache too,” Melanie says.

In alignment with their homegrown ideals, the family started farming. With help from a Healthy Soils Grant from the National Resources Conservation Service, they grew the garlic used on their pizzas. This season, they’ll cultivate tomatoes and basil in their quarteracre garden. “We’ve started planting agave with the International Bat Conservation group,” says Jeff, who also rooted over a dozen fruit trees on site. “We love plants and growing,” Melanie says. The first component of the business to open its doors, the nursery sells pollinatorattracting perennials, cacti and desert shrubs, and heirloom fruit trees from a grower in the Mimbres River Valley.

As a restaurant and bar that spills into the sandy countryside via its nursery, garden, and orchard, Whiskey Creek Zócalo turns out to be a family-friendly meeting spot where adults can mingle while children run wild, exploring the arroyo, climbing tree stumps, roasting marshmallows around the firepit, and playing yard games. “When the weather is nice, to have people come and walk around the nursery and get something to eat feels like a nice merger of things that makes it feel more welcoming to people,” Melanie says.

Outdoors and in, diverse spaces create varied compartments for people to assemble, making Whiskey Creek Zócalo whatever the community needs it to be that day. In the airy main room, a birdcage strung with faux succulents passes for a chandelier, and reclaimed lumber shelves hold decanters and retro posters. A highway sign with peeling yellow paint reading “Welcome to New Mexico: Land of

Enchantment” brightens the burgundy wall behind the curved bar. Outside, stuccoed-over mine truck tires become planters, while a cattle trough nurtures goldfish and lily pads. “There are places to see the music or get away from the music. I’ve heard from people they can come be social if they want to, but they don’t have to,” Rafael says.

Visually, the speakeasy—or, as Rafael refers to the space, The Lodge—stands out. It’s a room “with its own mythos” that promotes ritual, conversation, intimate congregations, film screenings, or brazen performances for micro audiences. Rows of chairs and benches face a small stage. Another bench—as long as a pew but made from a vintage toboggan—runs along the wall between the bar and a brick hearth styled like an altar. Murals depict a ladder with swords as rungs, the silhouettes of snakes tangled up among thorny desert shrubbery, and a portal to who knows where. A phone booth on stage left is relabeled “Confessional,” while stained-glass artwork imbues reverence. The dark wood window aprons could have been reclaimed from either a Gothic church or pagan altar.

A rosy-walled chamber kitty-corner from the entrance is part greenroom, part flex space for artist demonstrations or workshops. It may prove especially essential when Whiskey Creek Zócalo holds a music festival, perhaps as soon as this summer. To accommodate musicians and artists coming for residencies, they’re adding a vintage RV campground. “We have four trailers we’re fixing up,” Jeff says, including a VW pop-up.

“There are a lot of irons in the fire,” says Melanie, who hopes that the guys will make time to build a bay out by the nursery where she can create a vintage shop. Rafael affirms, “It feels like if there’s something for everyone, it’s better.”

11786 Hwy 180 E, Arenas Valley, 575-388-1266, whiskeycreekzocalo.com

32 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Signage invites guests to Whiskey Creek Zócalo’s plant nursery. Right: Beet salad, hard kombucha, and pepperoni pizza with green chile.
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A Brother’s Tribute


It was July 2020, the height of the pandemic, when the call came from New Mexico. Carpio J. I. (CJ) Bernal’s sister, Coral Dawn Bernal, had been found dead. CJ, who had grown up on Taos Pueblo, was with his mother’s family in Chilliwack, British Columbia. The US border was closed to all but essential travel, but he had to get home.

As he made his way to his family, CJ learned more about Coral’s death. The cause was a heart arrhythmia, but the family suspected negligence on the part of the Indian Health Service and the police. They called for a thorough investigation into the cause of Coral’s death, and a lawsuit followed. “They just didn’t do their job,” he told me when we talked in December.

The family held press conferences and drew up a list of demands, calling for justice for Coral. But the work took a toll. So CJ began to imagine something different: the creation of an arts center to honor Coral’s memory. The center would also preserve the legacy of CJ and Coral’s late grandfather, Paul Bernal, who fought for justice of a different kind: the 1970 return of Blue Lake, forty-eight thousand acres of Taos Pueblo land taken by the US government at the turn of the twentieth century.

Growing up on the pueblo, CJ knew hard work. Beginning in his early teens, he worked at restaurants in Taos, eventually becoming sous-chef at Deija. There he learned the fundamentals of culinary work, preparing him to cook in restaurants and cafés from New York

34 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 CHEF’S TABLE
Left: Inside Dawn Butterfly Cafe. Right: CJ Bernal, owner and chef at Dawn Butterfly. Photos by Stephanie Cameron.

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to Colorado to Canada. In New Orleans he learned about Southern cuisine; working in Los Angeles helped him master vegetarian cooking. All the while, he pursued modern dance and choreography, work he hardly mentioned when we spoke. But that his passions don’t end with food isn’t surprising given the creativity that abounds in his family—his parents are artists, and Coral, who studied at the Institute of American Indian Arts, was a prolific poet who received a Native Writers Award through the Taos Summer Writers’ Conference.

“It is definitely unexpected when people come in here,” CJ told me about Dawn Butterfly Cafe’s location inside his parents’ shop, House of Water Crow & Red Coral Flower. The month before, I’d visited the pueblo, and after an horno bread-baking session under a deep blue autumn sky, I crossed over the stream that flows between the clusters of adobe dwellings. A chair upholstered in gold and the scent of woodsmoke drew me toward the shop and café. Inside, the shop featured sculptures and carvings. A drum nearly as high as the ceiling stood against the wall beside a roaring fire.

What lay beyond, though, was indeed unexpected: a café space whose chalkboard was fully worthy of a big-city bistro. The list spanned from cortados to chai lattes to a dreamy tea menu offering clove, nettle, and yerba maté blends. A long table beside a second fireplace was lit with candles and decorated with dried flowers perched in architectural steel vases. On the far end of the kitchen area was an illustration of

a butterfly with a QR code printed beneath it. Beside that, above the small residential-style stove, hung a close-up photograph of a sunlightsplashed Coral, the image blurred, like a still from a dream.

The meal at Dawn Butterfly Cafe began with CJ’s father performing on the drum as we settled into our seats beside the fire. Hot handblended tea was set before us, a sprig of fresh mint on top, along with a mascarpone butternut squash soup and a delicious spinach salad with plum vinaigrette made from locally preserved fruit. CJ and two helpers, Sequoia Lefthand and Rannon Jiron, presented the dishes gently and unpretentiously, proffering plate after beautiful plate. When I learned about CJ’s time as a dancer and dance company director, his attention to arrangement made sense; there is a deliberateness to his movements, a sure hand, a performer’s calm.

If that had been the end of the experience, it would have been remarkable. But that was just a preview. Next came a bright pink mocktail made with chokecherry, orange, and honey; a dish of rich and textured blue cornmeal with chokecherry honey sauce and fresh berries; succotash with cedar-smoked salmon and honey goat cheese; and a dessert of blue corn lemon cake with bee pollen, accompanied by a lightly sweetened cortado. As the courses flowed and the burners hissed behind the counter, I exchanged glances with the other women around the table. This meal was far more than an opportunity to taste CJ’s cooking. This was an experience, an honor, a gift.

36 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Bowl of blue cornmeal served with honey, berries, and piñon, photo by Stephanie Cameron. Right: Pueblo Succotash with pan-fried blue corn polenta, cedar-smoked salmon, and honey goat cheese, photo by Susanna Space.
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“This has not been an easy ride for me,” CJ told me later, recalling the process of getting the restaurant up and running. “This has been a lot of work, a lot of thinking, and a lot of planning.” The perseverance and grit he’s put in go far beyond the typical hassles and headaches of launching a business. Dawn Butterfly sits in the heart of Taos Pueblo, within a UNESCO World Heritage Site where electricity and running water are prohibited, and the tapering COVID restrictions that caused the pueblo to shut down to visitors for two years has made the process unpredictable. And then there is the grief of losing Coral. Any of it could easily have thwarted a less determined chef from attempting what CJ has created here. And yet.

To make the current location work, CJ applied for and won an economic development grant that allowed him to invest in lithium batteries to power the café, as well as refrigeration and an espresso machine. But working inside his parents’ shop is only the beginning for CJ. Another infusion of grant money allowed him to purchase shipping containers, which he’ll use to build a permanent space for Dawn Butterfly on Veterans Highway. Adjacent to the café, a center for art and literature honoring Coral Dawn and Paul Bernal will offer resources to tribal members. CJ plans to break ground on the new location this spring.

Until then, CJ will offer his café menu, hold special dinners to raise funds for the arts center, and cater events. Asked about how he plans to develop his menu over time, CJ says he’d love to create dishes made with only traditional Native foods, but the cost is too high for that, at least right now. So he’ll continue to serve meals that fuse traditional and modern culinary techniques and highlight local and traditional ingredients, like preserved fruit compotes, blue corn, and sage. The café will work with another Taos Pueblo–based business, Red Willow Farm, for access to local produce.

With everything he does, CJ keeps in mind the sister whose image watches over the kitchen, her features striking in their similarities to his. “We haven’t given up yet,” CJ says of the fight for justice and accountability for Coral. Last year, talks began with filmmakers to create a movie about the case. It’s hard to know what the outcome will be, but it seems certain her legacy will remain strong in her


38 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
brother’s Taos Pueblo, 575-770-5852, dawnbutterfly.com; check taos.org/explore/landmarks/taos-pueblo and taospueblo.com for the pueblo’s current admission prices and hours. Top left: Three Sisters Bowl with corn, beans, and squash served over wild rice with goat cheese and side of red chile, photo by Stephanie Cameron. Bottom left: Blue corn lemon cake with sage-infused honey and vanilla buttercream and a dash of bee pollen, photo by Susanna Space. Right: Red Willow Salad with goat cheese and pickled radishes, photo by Stephanie Cameron.
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Ashes to Ashes

Words and Photos

From Technique to Seasoning

vegetable ash simple syrup

vegetable ash salt

vegetable ash

leek ash shards

40 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 COOKING FRESH

We humans have five basic taste sensations: sweetness, sourness, saltiness, bitterness, and umami. Some have argued that a sixth taste sensation—smokiness—imparts a rich earthiness to food. This is where edible ash comes into play in this edition of Cooking Fresh.

Ash has been a part of food culture for centuries, mainly due to chemical properties that make it an asset in food preservation. For hundreds of years, Native Americans have soaked field corn in lye made from wood ashes, helping make specific B vitamins bioavailable, which can prevent nutritional deficiencies. Europeans have long used ash in cheese making to help develop a rind. More recently, edible ash has become part of the tool kit for contemporary chefs.

Vegetable Ash

You might expect vegetables reduced to ash to taste like carbon, but the ash retains a remarkable amount of the vegetables’ original character. Vegetable ash can be a finishing sprinkle on soups, cooked veggies, cheeses, or meats. It’s also great in sauces, where it adds flavor. There are manifold possibilities, both for the vegetable matter used to create the ash and the applications.

For this recipe, we are sticking with onion skins and the pale and dark green parts from leeks, but you can use almost any vegetable scrap to create different nuances. Corn husks and silk, fennel fronds, citrus peel, and herbs all provide opportunities to get creative with ash. After making your vegetable ash, create salts and simple syrups to use for seasoning dishes and creating cocktails/ mocktails.

4 leek tops, roughly chopped

Any amount of onion skins

Spread a single layer of onion skins and leek tops on a metal baking sheet. Place under the broiler with the rack 8 inches from the flame and cook, turning once or twice, until thoroughly charred and crisp, about 1 hour. Ensure adequate ventilation with an open window and the oven vent on high.

Remove from the oven, cool completely, then pulverize in a food processor or powerful blender, or in batches in a spice grinder. Store indefinitely in a tightly sealed container.

Vegetable Ash Salt

Combine equal parts powdered ash with sea salt (smoked or plain) and pulverize once again. Store indefinitely in a tightly sealed container.

The flavor of ash can vary widely, producing overtones that go from charred to acidic to sweet or smoky. The technique is versatile and can be used to bring a broad range of flavors out in a dish. Used sparingly, ash can add a delightful bitter/charred note to dishes. That said, it doesn’t appeal to everyone.

A word of caution: Given that research on the potential health impacts of burnt foods is inconclusive, it’s recommended that you use restraint when cooking with ash, as is the practice in traditional foods. Consider the purity of your ashes when cooking any of these recipes. Ashes made from chemically treated wood, newspaper, egg cartons, crumpled paper, and chemical logs may be toxic and are unsuitable for cooking. While some compounds produced from cooking foods at high heat may be carcinogenic, there is not consistent evidence linking them to cancer.

Vegetable Ash Simple Syrup

To make syrup, heat 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water on the stove until sugar dissolves, then add 2 tablespoons of vegetable ash. Let sit for 30 minutes, until cool. Strain through a mesh sieve into a glass jar. Store in the refrigerator for up to a month.

Onion skins and leek tops to become ash.

Ashy Grapefruit Mocktail

Makes 1 mocktail

Using ash salt and ash syrup, you have lots of options to smoke up your next mocktail. Ash salt is used to garnish the rim of the glass, and ash syrup and grapefruit mimic the citrus and smokiness of a mezcal paloma.

3 ounces grapefruit juice (about 1 small grapefruit)

2 ounces lime juice (about 1 large lime)

1 ounce ash simple syrup

1/2 ounce maple syrup

2 dashes grapefruit bitters (or orange bitters)

3 ounces soda water

Vegetable ash salt, for rim Lime wedge, for rim

Juice grapefruit and lime. Rub the rim of a collins-style glass with a lime wedge, dip it into vegetable ash salt, fill it with ice, and set aside. Add grapefruit and lime juice, ash syrup and maple syrup, and bitters to a cocktail shaker and shake. Pour into glass and top with soda water.

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Carrot Juice–Braised

Carrots with Vegetable Ash

Adapted from Marjory Sweet

Serves 2–4

I highly recommend getting fresh carrots from your local farmers market and experimenting with different varieties. I used orange carrots, but this recipe works wonderfully with white, yellow, red, or purple ones—the key is freshness. The sauce stores well in the refrigerator, and you can keep the surplus in a squeeze bottle to drizzle on roasted vegetables.

2 cups carrot juice

2 sheets of kombu or other dried kelp

3 tablespoons butter

1 pound carrots, chopped into 1-inch chunks

1/2 teaspoon kosher salt

Zest of 1/2 orange

Juice of 1/2 orange

Vegetable ash, for garnish

Heat carrot juice and kombu over very low heat, uncovered, and steep for 45 minutes. Heat butter in a wide pot until foaming; add carrots and salt. Toss carrots in butter and add carrot juice, discarding the kombu. Cover and cook, stirring occasionally, for 6–8 minutes, until the texture is fork-tender but not mushy. Drain, reserving the juice, and cover carrots to keep warm. In saucepan, over high heat, add orange zest and juice to the reserved liquid and reduce by half, until slightly thickened, about 7–8 minutes. Serve braised carrots with their juice and sprinkle with vegetable ash.

44 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024

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Salt-and-Ash-Baked Celery Root

Adapted from Fire and Ice: Classic Nordic Cooking by

Serves 4

This ancient culinary technique still resonates today. When you smear celery root, or celeriac, with a paste of salt and ash, the interior turns out creamy, with smoky undertones. Cracking it open at the table will add a touch of drama and expose the perfectly seasoned and tender flesh.

You can use ash from a regular fireplace or grill if it comes from untreated hardwood. I used juniper ash sourced from Shimá of Navajoland. You can make your own ash as well. Lois Ellen Frank of Red Mesa Cuisine details the process in her cookbook Seed to Plate, Soil to Sky: Modern Plant-Based Recipes using Native American Ingredients, and also has an instructional YouTube video.

1 small celery root (about 14 ounces), scrubbed

2 1/2 cups sea salt

3–4 ounces wood ash

1/2 cup water, or as needed

2 tablespoons butter

2 tablespoons parsley, chopped

Preheat oven to 350°F.

In a small bowl, stir together salt, ash, and water to make a paste that holds together when you squeeze it with your hand (the amount of water will depend on how dense the ash is).

Cover the celery root with the paste, pressing it down so that it adheres. Place the celery root in a baking dish. Bake until you can easily insert a small knife, about 2 hours.

Just before the celery root comes out of the oven, melt the butter in a small pan over low heat, and stir in the parsley. Set aside.

Remove celery root from the oven and place on a serving dish. Serve whole at the table and crack the crust with a meat mallet or the heel of a knife. Use a spoon to scoop out the celeriac and drizzle the parsley butter over the top. Celery root can also be sliced and served in individual portions.

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Coal-Roasted Pumpkin Fondue

Serves 4

This recipe is a campfire showstopper, but you can also make it in a firepit in your backyard. Use only established firepits, fire rings, or grills in areas without risk of wildfire, and take appropriate cautions when building fires at home. A cast-iron dutch oven is ideal here, but a camping saucepan would also work. The ash-charred pumpkin becomes a serving dish for the fondue.

I hit up The Mouse Hole Cheese Shop in Albuquerque to source the perfect duo of cheeses for our creation, but gruyère and emmentaler are tried-and-true choices. Grab a crusty French baguette and dig in! The best part is when the tender, sweet pumpkin flesh begins to combine with the melty cheese in each scoop. If you are lucky enough to forage chanterelle or porcini mushrooms, by all means, substitute them for the shiitakes.

1 3-pound kabocha squash (or other small pumpkin)

3 tablespoons unsalted butter

16 ounces shiitake mushrooms, cleaned and sliced

1 garlic clove, thinly sliced

1/2 cup white wine (preferably a dry, light-bodied wine like sauvignon blanc)

12 ounces cheese, grated (I used a mix of alpenhorn and gruyère cheeses)

Sea salt

Set the pumpkin in hot coals at the base of a campfire or in a portable firepit located on a nonflammable surface at least 15 feet away from any structures or woody material. Pile up the coals around the pumpkin. Roast until tender, about 20–30 minutes. Don’t worry about the exterior char; move the pumpkin around while roasting so it cooks evenly.

Carefully remove the pumpkin from the coals, let it cool to the touch (10–15 minutes), then remove the top with a knife, jack-o’-lantern style, and scoop out the seeds.

Place the pumpkin in a small-to-medium (~2 quart) cast-iron dutch oven and return to the coals. Place the lid on and keep warm while you prepare the mushrooms.

Set a cast-iron skillet over low flames on a grill grate or directly on the coals. Add the butter and shiitakes. Sauté until deeply caramelized, add the garlic, and cook for a minute longer. Add a pinch of salt.

Remove the lid from the dutch oven. Add wine into the pumpkin, then slowly stir in cheese a handful at a time, waiting for each batch to melt before adding the next. Once all the cheese has been added, top with the mushrooms and remove from the fire. Eat with spoons, scooping out chunks of soft, roasted pumpkin and melted cheese. Serve with a crusty French baguette.

Come in for breakfast or lunch. Creative American classics made from local and organic ingredients.

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Charred CherryWood

Ice Cream

Makes 1 quart

Yes! Drop the burning piece of wood into the cream! It will delight your sixth sense in a way you’ve never experienced. Use wood chips or a piece of your favorite smoking wood. I am using cherrywood because, sadly, my cherry tree died this year, but you could use apple, hickory, or oak. Each one will lend a different smoky profile.

2-inch piece of clean cherrywood or 1 cup wood chips

1 1/2 cups heavy cream

1 1/2 cups whole milk

6 egg yolks

3/4 cup light brown sugar

1/8 teaspoon kosher salt

1/2 cup pecan pieces, toasted

Pour cream and milk into a large bowl. Heat the wood over a fire until it’s engulfed in flames—I did this standing over my gas grill. If using wood chips, light a fire in a metal pan you don’t mind scorching. Extinguish wood or chips in the cream mixture and allow it to infuse for 20–30 minutes, then remove wood and discard.

Add egg yolks, sugar, and salt to the infused cream and whisk. Transfer to a saucepot and heat on medium high, turning down the heat when the mixture starts to warm and the cream mixture has barely thickened. Continue to whisk continuously, being very careful not to curdle the eggs. As the cream warms through, remove pan from heat and continue to whisk for a couple of minutes; it will continue cooking off the heat.

Pour custard mixture into a bowl, and allow to cool. For the best texture, cover and refrigerate overnight.

Process the ice cream in an ice-cream machine according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and churn until the cream starts to thicken. Stir in the toasted pecans while the mixture is still soft. Remove the ice cream from the machine, transfer it to a covered container, and freeze.

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Serves 8

Level: Intermediate | Prep time: 15 minutes; Cook time: 55 minutes;

Cooling time: 10 minutes;

Total time: 1 hour, 20 minutes

This savory tart is layered with caramelized onions and is the perfect appetizer for parties or serving as a main course for Sunday brunch.


14 ounces (1 package, if using premade) of all-butter puff pastry (we used Dufour Classic Puff Pastry)

3 tablespoons butter, divided

2 medium yellow onions, halved and thinly sliced

1/2 teaspoon salt, divided

1/4 teaspoon black pepper, divided

1/4 cup white wine

1/4 cup beef stock

12 ounces shiitake mushrooms

2 garlic cloves, minced

1 tablespoon fresh sage leaves, finely chopped

1 3/4 cups cheese, grated (we used a mix of asiago and sharp white cheddar cheese from Tucumcari Mountain Cheese Factory*)

1 egg, beaten, for egg wash

52 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Photo by Stephanie Cameron.


Thaw puff pastry according to package instructions and keep in the refrigerator until ready to use.

In a large, heavy-bottomed skillet over medium-high heat, add 1 1/2 tablespoons of butter. Once butter is melted and the skillet is hot, add sliced onions, 1/4 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon black pepper, and turn the stove to medium heat. Cook onions, stirring frequently, until cooked down, deeply caramelized, and jammy—approximately 20 minutes. Once caramelized, turn heat up to medium high, pour in the wine, and let it bubble up for a minute and evaporate. Next, add in beef stock and allow it to cook until almost completely absorbed. Reduce heat to low momentarily, and spoon the onions into a bowl to cool.

Add remaining 1 1/2 tablespoons of butter to the same skillet and return the heat to medium high. Add in sliced mushrooms, 1/4 teaspoon salt, and 1/8 teaspoon black pepper, and sauté mushrooms for about 5–7 minutes, until golden but still meaty with some texture. Add garlic and stir in 1/2 tablespoon of fresh sage. Once aromatic, turn off the heat. Spoon mushrooms into a separate bowl lined with a paper towel to absorb excess moisture while cooling. Preheat oven to 400°F.

Place parchment paper the size of your baking sheet (at least 10x13 inches) on a work surface and sprinkle lightly with flour. Place the thawed puff pastry sheet on the parchment paper, and give it a gentle roll with a rolling pin, just enough to even the edges and make it symmetrical. (You want a size roughly 10x13 inches and 1/8 inch thick.)

Create a border for your tart, using a sharp knife to gently score the pastry about 1/2 inch from the edge, all the way around, taking care not to cut through the pastry. Use a fork to prick the center of the puff pastry a few times (not the border)—this helps it to bake flat. Slide the pastry, with the parchment paper, onto the baking sheet, and chill for 5–10 minutes in the refrigerator. Lightly sprinkle 3/4 cup of cheese around the bottom of the pastry, then top with sautéed mushrooms and caramelized onions. Sprinkle on remaining cheese. Gently egg-wash the border you created, and bake the tart until the pastry turns a deep, golden brown, approximately 22–28 minutes.

Allow tart to cool on the baking sheet for 10 minutes, sprinkle on the remaining sage leaves as garnish, and cut the tart into 8 pieces. Serve hot or at room temperature.

*Sourcing note: La Montañita Co-op carries Tucumcari Mountain Cheese Factory cheeses and Dufour Classic Puff Pastry at all their locations.




“When you see the beauty of the fish, you almost don’t want to eat them,” Louis says softly when I ask if the Trout Warriors eat the fish they catch. The answer is no—the group, which uses fly fishing and fly tying as a form of emotional and physical healing for disabled veterans in northern New Mexico, practices catch and release. “It’s more about the challenge than dinner or trophies,” adds Noah.

I’m momentarily surprised, although I know that the brassy Rio Grande cutthroat, New Mexico’s state fish, is renowned for its colors— and for occupying a small fraction of their historic waters. Through a decades-long restoration project, some 120 miles of stream in northern New Mexico’s Rio Costilla watershed were restored for the trout, and in fall 2022, volunteers released ninety thousand Rio Grande cutthroats into Rio Costilla and Comanche Creek. Perhaps that’s one reason that Doc Thompson, the Trout Warriors’ coordinator and president of the program’s nonprofit parent, Enchanted Circle Trout Unlimited, describes the fish—not only cutthroats but wild browns, rainbows, and brookies—as partners and relatives. Beyond conservation, it also

feels like a way to express how the group’s mutual supportiveness extends into the animal world.

“We treat each other like brothers and sisters,” Louis says of the Trout Warriors, and the care and love the group members feel for one another is palpable, even through Zoom. (The group’s twenty-some members represent three counties, and snow conditions had effectively closed the Enchanted Circle to travel the day I’d planned to visit.) Speaking to what he gets from fly fishing that he gets nowhere else, Gulf War veteran Victor talks of the serenity of being on the water but also of what Thompson calls “the camaraderie factor,” reflecting on the experience of being part of a like-minded group in the military.

“I like the outdoors,” says Ed, who was born and raised in the Española Valley and served in Vietnam. “Fly fishing has helped with my PTSD.” His words, simple and direct, belie the complex, difficult, deeply personal, and often lifelong struggles encompassed in that acronym.

54 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024 RESILIENCE
Left: Kelly with a rainbow trout. Middle: Noah with a volunteer on the Cimarron. Right: Richard and Ed on Los Pinos River. Photos courtesy of Trout Warriors.
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“Fly fishing is almost like a zen experience. Trout are very smart fish—you have to be in the moment,” Noah says. With the ocean fish he cast for during his thirty years in Florida, he explains, you knew right away when you had one. In contrast, he describes trout as selective and wily. You get the feeling they’re inspecting the fly, considering it, he says, and then sometimes declining and moving on. “When we’re fishing, we’re in their world.”

Between May and October, the Trout Warriors meet monthly to fly fish, usually with the support of skilled volunteers. Funded entirely by donations, they also, Doc says, strive to go on a fly fishing healing retreat every year—an experience that allows them to deepen their connections both to the trout’s world and to one another. Fly fishing has been romanticized as a solitary endeavor, but one after another, the members of this group express the joy of watching other people fish—not only the thrill of observing a good catch but the joy of watching the expressions on one another’s faces. Off season, they get together once or twice a month, sometimes in person and sometimes via Zoom, for fly tying sessions.

I first learned of the Trout Warriors from Comanche Creek Brewery, whose original location sat within twenty feet of the eponymous creek. As it turns out, the Trout Warriors owe their name, in part, to a variety of hops. A few years ago, Thompson approached Comanche Creek Brewery owner and head brewer Kody Mutz with the idea of a fundraiser beer. At the time, Kody was working on a new beer, a Helles lager made with warrior hops—now known as Trout Warrior

Lager. Originally, I’d aimed to meet some members of the group at the brewery, but blizzard conditions and other logistics dictated that we meet virtually.

When, admitting my ignorance about fly fishing, I ask what goes into fly tying, Kelly compares the art of fly tying to a grandmother’s cooking. She runs through all the layers, from learning about entomology—“all the phases of the bug, learning how to tie the bug in the different phases of its life”—to learning about what fish eat in the different rivers and creeks they visit. Echoing what others have shared about developing mindfulness, she says, “Every time I come back to the table, I’m a beginner again.”

Earlier, Doc told me that the physical nature of fly fishing is good for reconnecting motor skills, but the members of the group have as much to say about the satisfaction of workmanship. Ed shares the excitement he felt the first time he caught a fish with a fly he tied himself—a zebra midge, he thinks. Victor talks about attending a workshop in rod building and the fifty-plus hours he spent building his rod, saying, “I’ve always enjoyed working with my hands.” The patience he and others have gained seems to breathe in the space they give one another on our call, listening as carefully as they speak. Reflecting on his own joy in working with glass and wood, Louis tells me about the mosaics he’s designing for the footstools and benches he’s building—some for his grandkids, some for a silent auction that will benefit the Trout Warriors.

56 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Left: Comanche Creek Brewery in winter, photo courtesy of Comanche Creek. Middle: Late summer view at Comanche Creek Brewery, photo by Stephanie Cameron. Right: Inside the brewery with a Creekside Blond, photo by Stephanie Cameron.
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One such auction is held in conjunction with an annual fundraiser at Comanche Creek Brewery. Opened in 2010 after Kody and his wife, Tasha Mutz, relocated from Denver to old family land in Eagle Nest, the brewery moved to its stunning location on NM 38 in 2019. In addition to brewing the Trout Warrior Lager twice a year and hosting fundraisers for the Trout Warriors, the brewery, which leans toward German styles like Altbier and Kölsch, has become a solid gathering place in the community. When I finally made it up in late January, a local father-son duo played sweet songs while others added plates to a table set up for a community potluck. The meadow beyond the patio was still snow covered, and as dusk approached, light danced in through abundant windows while community vibes (perhaps along with the effects of a glass of rich, silky porter) brought radiance into the space.

Not every regular is a local, yet the brewery offers a space for those fluent in remoteness, the curves of Palo Flechado Pass, and the expanse of the Moreno Valley, whether it’s the season for fly fishing or ice fishing. In that sense, it’s kin to as well as supporter of the Trout Warriors. While the group’s members include veterans of the

post-9/11 Afghanistan and Iraq era alongside those like Noah, whose military service stretched from the Cuban missile crisis to the Gulf War, Doc says they’ve faced similar hurdles and challenges, and he sees the group making a difference in members’ lives.

“It’s important to me as a veteran to get support from other veterans,” Kelly shares near the end of our Zoom gathering. “We tend to minimize the contributions of people who weren’t in combat,” she says. “Being in the military is its own kind of journey. Being in this group helps me understand how much healing I’ve done and how much is left to do.”

Given the Trout Warriors’ praise and gratitude for his work, I can’t conclude the interview without asking Doc what he’s gained from them. He’s quick to reiterate that while family members from past generations served, he did not. Then he says, “For anybody, whatever you’re dealing with, it’s one foot in front of the other. And you’re not necessarily alone in what you’re going through.”

ec-tu.org; contact Doc Thompson with interest or questions, at doct@flyfishnewmexico.com.

58 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Trout Warriors Kelly, Richard, Louis, Ed, and Noah at a private pond in the Enchanted Circle. Photo courtesy of Trout Warriors.
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A Conversation between Elena Miller-ter Kuile and leticia gonzales

Edited and Transcribed by Ungelbah Dávila

60 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Single wool fleece roving from Cactus Hill Farm. Photo by Elena Miller-ter Kuile.


riends. Sisters. Mothers. Professors. When women affirm women, it unlocks our power. It gives us permission to shine brighter.” In this conversation between sheep farmer Elena Miller-ter Kuile and writer and weaver leticia gonzales, both invested in healing the world from the ground up, the truth in this quote by journalist Elaine Welteroth becomes reality. In a land traumatized by the brutality of history, healing begins with the soil, travels up into blades of grass, vanishing into the atmosphere and returning in summer rains and winter snowpack. It passes through the mouths of the animals we raise with reverence, into the fibers of a flock’s wool and their sacred flesh that eventually feeds our children and community with the DNA of kindness.

At Cactus Hill Farm in high-elevation Capulin, Colorado, Elena and her father, Alan Miller, have become healers through agriculture. At their ranch, which sits at nearly eight thousand feet, they are sowing the seeds of ancestral knowledge and readying the land for future generations. From eight wool sheep purchased through the Taos Wool Festival, they’ve built up a diverse and tenacious herd. With every lamb born, every sheep harvested, and every pelt processed, Cactus Hill Farm regenerates identities and lifeways on the brink of extinction.

It’s such a complex history. And then—that’s the history of my farm, but my mother was born in Honduras and then came to the United States to study soil science. Genetically, she’s Dutch, but she mostly grew up in Central and South America. You know, we are very embedded in the community. We’ve been here since before Colorado was a state. But I think it is also good to have a little bit of an outside perspective. leticia: What is the name of your community?

Elena: It’s Capulin, C-A-P-U-L-I-N.

leticia: Like the cherries.

Elena: Exactly. One thing I see, because I’m very ag-oriented, there used to be this identity around sheep, wool, and textiles, but also around food and community. I think policy has really marginalized these traditional farms, and we’ve lost so many. A lot of it is because they’ve lost their water. There is definitely this sadness of how these vital, beautiful little towns and communities that were based around agriculture are ghost towns now.

I think the economic part is key, too, because you had people that were able to make a living on a small acreage and then suddenly they had to get jobs and leave the community, and a lot of them never came back. I always think that our biggest export is talent, but there are weirdos like me that do come back home again.

leticia: I understand you’re trying to rehab the land you’re on and you’ve chosen to use sheep. Would you share some of the history around your family’s farm?

Elena: When this part of the United States was part of Mexico, the Mexican government created a series of land grants all the way through New Mexico into Colorado. Families were allowed to come in and homestead, and then make land claims. So that’s how my family ended up in New Mexico, and kept moving up north into northern New Mexico—Nambé and Española, Cuba—and then slowly started moving into Colorado in the 1850s. And then, of course, the Mexican-American War happened. So I always say we didn’t cross the border, the border crossed us, and we basically stayed in one place and became American citizens.

leticia: That’s the legacy of trauma. Some people come back to life, and some people you lose. A lot of what I see in our communities are people who haven’t been allowed to come back to life after incredible trauma. As you say, the border crossed us, and how is it possible to come back to life? What are the things that make us feel lively? Music, dancing, food, culture, fiber, working the land.

I’m deeply interested in your vision for your land and your career and company.

Elena: I come from this generational farm. I went to school for agriculture at Cornell, graduated in 2010. As I was there, I did a study abroad program called Rethinking Globalization, and it really helped me rethink how we think about poverty, how we think about other cultures, how we think about other countries. I came home and was like, I don’t think aid work is for me. The other thing I realized through these travels is we have a lot of work to do here.

“W We really need to step back the clock on a lot of damage that we’ve done and rethink how we consume. I don’t want my legacy to be for my father and grandparents—I want my legacy to be for my children and grandchildren.

Anyway, I’ve been slowly taking over the farm from my dad, and one of the things I got into was knitting. If you look at Indigenous cultures, Hispano cultures, there is a strong fiber art tradition in every culture.

We’ve had sheep since—I don’t even know how many generations of sheep. We have family that came from the Basque region of Spain, and they had sheep. My great-great-grandfather brought his sheep to Colorado when he was eleven. He herded them over the mountains from New Mexico into the landholdings here.

My dad—he was more of a farmer and less of a rancher—he sold all the sheep before I was born, but my grandfather raised penco (orphan) sheep when I was little, and I remembered them, so I convinced my dad to get more. I got into that and have been working toward having wool products. I love sheep; I think they’re really neat animals. What I also love is that there’s this huge capacity to do regenerative work using livestock, and so that’s what I’ve been focusing on.

leticia: When did you bring the sheep onto the farm?

Elena: In 2012. Somebody gave me some lambs, some pencos [Columbias], and I raised them. Then I bought eight wool sheep [CVM/Merinos]. And that was the start of my entire herd—I just found somebody at the Taos Wool Festival who won an award, and

I was like, “Can I buy sheep from you?” From eight sheep, I built up to 350. I’ve downsized a lot, but I’m probably going to go back up again.

My dad has also done a lot of work on regeneration on our farm. There was a mining disaster on our river that killed all the fish, and [the US Army Corps of Engineers] straightened the river and killed all the trees. So he’s worked really hard to rebuild a beautiful river; that’s the kind of work my dad’s been doing. And I am excited to be buying the farm this year, which is a big deal.

leticia: Congratulations!

Elena: Yeah, and I have some ideas on how to kind of set the farm up a little differently so we can do some really intentional grazing. We’re already seeing some results. We have some farm fields that have gone from 1 percent organic matter to 3 percent organic matter. It’s made a huge difference as far as drought tolerance and water retention, so I’m really excited to expand that.

And then I have a dream of someday creating an educational farm where people can tie into culture in a really deep way. I want to create a space where people can teach and talk about where they’re coming from and base it in some sort of ranching tradition.

62 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Elena Miller-ter Kuile and her daughter Amalia with sheep at Cactus Hill Farm in Capulin. Photo by Life Out West Photography.

Priority one is creating a regenerative farm: Build some soil, fix some fences, and have some healthy sheep. Right now with my wool business I do a lot of online sales, but I also do shows in person. There’s a show coming up in October in Santa Fe, the Mountain and Valley Wool Festival (it moved from Taos to Santa Fe). I do a lot of raw wool. I’m not selling finished products. I’m not selling a shirt or a sweater; I’m selling wool products for others to make those things. I think it’s so awesome that there’s a strong enough community that wants to make things themselves that I can have a business doing this.

I have had every breed of sheep, and I think genetic diversity is super important. I have a lot of long-wooled heritage breeds and different genetic lines, and I carefully select the best from all over. I’ve seen it pay off. One year I had a bacterial outbreak, and I lost only certain family lines. A vet told me I could lose 75 percent of my lambs, but I only lost 10 percent. I do have a lot of Merino because I focus on colored Merinos, which is a little bit more rare.

I have a Merino line of worsted—that is a regular kind of knitting yarn. But then I like to push it and say, “Now have you tried this Wensleydale?” I want to show people that Merino is beautiful, but there are so many other traits of really amazing breeds. And I’ve really been focusing on natural colors. I have this dream that

one day I won’t just dye wool because I’ll have all these wonderful, natural-colored sheep.

leticia: Do you find that the shows are a place where you’re able to get people interested in these other heritage breeds?

Elena: Yes, and also online. I think what’s really exciting is that there is this drive in the fiber world to keep these heritage breeds alive. And at shows, your enthusiasm is contagious. I’m always so enthusiastic about these new breeds that I’m messing around with, and I think people get excited about them too. A lot of these breeds have long wool, and if they’re spun properly, they are just as soft and wearable as Merino wool, but with so much more character.

And from a sheep perspective, which is where I come from, these breeds are the best mothers. They will fight off a coyote. They’re tough as nails; they do not die! They’re amazing. There are the meat breeds that are known for getting to market weight really quickly, but I find that these heritage wool breeds are just as good and will gain as fast. The problem with the meat breeds is that a lot of them have very low-quality wool or no wool (like the hair sheep). Heritage breeds can gain weight just as fast, and then they have this beautiful fleece.

I also sell lamb meat, mostly whole and half lambs. I used to do cuts of lamb because I would do the farmers market in Alamosa, but being

Left: Lamb pelts.Top right: Sheep on the ranch. Bottom right: Lambs. Photos by Elena Miller-ter Kuile.

a single mom, I’m not going to wake up at 5 am and drive to the farmers market. I’m hopeful that down the line I can go in that direction again because I want to be smarter, smaller. My experiment is how to be clever on a smaller acreage and expand in other ways, such as through offering educational opportunities. But this is how I make my income, and it is working in the way that it’s working now.

leticia: At the REGENERATE conference in Santa Fe, you made the point that the people of the world are fed by small farms. Maybe not in this country, but small farms feed the world. So the question is, How has that been true here and how can it continue to be?

Elena: One of the things I really struggled with when I came back to the farm was that it’s an export market. You raise a crop, you harvest it, then you export all your nutrients, all your organic matter. Because we have chemical fertilizers, and because we have pesticides, we haven’t thought about how to be strategic with organic matter, how to be strategic with food.

Here, we have such little water. I used to grow a huge vegetable garden and do a market garden, which was really fun. But I do think there are

some areas, like the arid West, that are better suited to livestock operations than they are crops. We’ve used a lot less water having sheep versus trying to produce alfalfa. I’m not trying to give advice to the world, but I feel like what we’re missing in our conversations is that every solution should be place based. Growing soybeans is probably not a great idea in this area, but we can still make protein. It’s just animal based. What I’m trying to do is very place based, very Southwest. I acknowledge that this ecosystem is a desert and I acknowledge what grows well out here. I’m trying to be clever and downsize and be smarter with less. I’m excited about the local foods movement, but we need to do more. We also need to focus on what we’re wearing because we’re in a terrifying situation; we’re using generations ahead of us in resources. We really need to step back the clock on a lot of damage that we’ve done and rethink how we consume. I don’t want my legacy to be for my father and grandparents—I want my legacy to be for my children and grandchildren.


This conversation was edited for clarity and length.

64 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Miller-ter Kuile with sheep at Cactus Hill Farm. Photo by Life Out West Photography.
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Evening primrose flowers.

66 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024

Winter is a slow season for most foragers, even in New Mexico—despite what many out-of-staters think, we get real winters here. I’m not complaining. In a good year, snow brings valuable moisture to our soil, and in early spring, snowmelt fills rivers and creeks to overflowing, bringing a bonanza of wild edible greens to riparian areas.

Holy Ghost Creek reaches the Pecos River at Terrero at an elevation of just over 7,700 feet, and snow melts slowly here. No matter how impatient I feel, I won’t set out until the back side of Baldy shows signs of melting. Then I pull on my hiking boots (the ground is wet and muddy this time of year!), stuff my backpack full of recycled plastic grocery bags, garden pruners, a bottle of water, and a few snacks, and hit the road.

I take NM 63 through Pecos Canyon and turn left onto Forest Road 122, then make a quick right into the parking lot of the Terrero Campground. Forest Road 122 closed to vehicles in winter, but it is accessible to pedestrians year-round. I walk up the road, crossing over a cattle grate and a small bridge that spans the creek. The banks are lined with junipers, ponderosa pines, Douglas firs, willows, wild plums, Gambel oaks, and aspens, but this early in the season there isn’t much deciduous foliage, which actually makes it easier to spot the fresh wild greens I’ve come for.

It’s just under three miles from the parking lot to Holy Ghost Campground, where the road ends. I don’t always walk the six-mile round trip; there’s plenty to harvest within an hour’s walk of the parking area.

Dandelions (Taraxacum species) are everywhere! And while many lawn enthusiasts love to hate this useful plant, foragers do not. Dandelions are a great wild green for beginning foragers since almost everyone recognizes the plant. In addition to the greens, you can also eat the flowers and roots, making the dandelion an edible superstar in my book.

Along the creek, growing conditions are cool and moist, producing the most tender and tasty dandelion greens. Later in the season, plants growing in the sun may become bitter and slightly tough, both of which can be resolved by blanching and cooking. But early spring dandelions can be enjoyed raw in a salad as well as cooked in stir-fries, eggs, and basically any other dish in which you’d use a bitter green like arugula or radicchio. They also make a great pesto.

Less familiar than the dandelion but almost equally ubiquitous is curly dock (Rumex crispus), sometimes called yellow dock because of the color of its root, which has several medicinal uses. But I’m all about the food, and curly dock is one of my favorite early spring greens. It easily tolerates a few frosts and even some light snow, which means it’s often the first (and last) edible wild green of the season.

The youngest leaves, still tightly furled at the center of each plant, are my favorites, but fully unfurled leaves are also tart and tasty. Dock is highly mucilaginous, which makes it more enjoyable to eat cooked rather than raw. It’s delish in egg dishes, soups, stews, and stir-fries. Bonus: Dock produces another round of new growth in fall.

Keep your eyes on the water’s edge, because that’s where you’ll find winter cress (Barbarea vulgaris). I’m not going to lie, winter cress is a bitter green, but don’t let that keep you from trying it. Lots of popular greens qualify as bitter (broccoli rabe, endive, and escarole, to name a few), and when combined with mild greens, they make a balanced dish. Both the young leaves and the unopened flower buds of winter cress are edible.

This isn’t a plant I recommend eating raw; blanching takes the bitterness down a few notches, so the flavor is nicely sharp. Leave the lid off the pot so that bitter compounds can escape with the steam. Cooking winter cress with robust foods like chiles, strong cheese, cured meat, or vinegar also helps balance the flavor. Winter cress grows best in moist soil; I find it regularly on the banks of Holy Ghost Creek.

If you’ve hiked the Sangres in summer, you may have noticed sochan (Rudbeckia laciniata) blooming streamside and mistaken it for its cousin the black-eyed Susan. The flowers of both plants look similar at a glance, but sochan has a green center rather than a black eye. This is another plant that appreciates moist soil, although it tolerates some drought.

Sochan produces two rounds of tasty greens, once in spring and again in fall. The young leaves of spring have an almost nutty flavor, while the fall leaves remind me of a mild bok choy. Young leaves can be eaten raw in salads or sandwiches, while older leaves are better cooked. Harvest foliage either before the plant blooms or in fall, when the plant has finished blooming and puts out a second round of basal leaves.


The banks are lined with junipers, ponderosa pines, Douglas firs, willows, wild plums, Gambel oaks, and aspens, but this early in the season there isn’t much deciduous foliage, which actually makes it easier to spot the fresh wild greens I’ve come for.

common mallow

Cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum) is a member of the carrot family, and as every forager knows, you have to be careful with the carrot family. It includes some delicious plants, like carrots and caraway, and some toxic plants, like poison hemlock and water dropwort. Cow parsnip is one of the good guys. It grows best in moist soils (thank you, Holy Ghost Creek), has large, palmate leaves, and can grow to be five to six feet tall. It produces large, flat umbels of tiny white flowers in summer, but the foliage is most delicious in early spring, when the leaves are small and before the plant blooms.

Cow parsnip leaves are hairy, so this green is better cooked. The flavor is unique, neither mild nor bitter. It’s difficult to describe a new flavor in terms of familiar ones; the best I can do is tell you that cow parsnip reminds me of a slightly spicy celery. Trust me when I say that doesn’t do this plant justice. You’ll just have to try it for yourself.

When the sap of cow parsnip interacts with sunlight, it can cause a skin rash, so wear gloves when harvesting or harvest in shade. Do not freak out about this! The common garden parsnip causes the same kind of phytophotodermatitis. If you don’t get the sap on your skin in direct sun, you’ll be fine.

Farther back from the creek, you’ll find common mallow (Malva neglecta), a mild green with a slightly hairy leaf. You can eat it raw, but I don’t love the texture. Also, like most members of the genus Malva, common mallow is mucilaginous, which makes it useful as a thickener in soups and stews but not so much fun to eat raw. Cooking dissolves the hairs and mucilage, and makes the leaves more palatable.

Common mallow is drought tolerant and grows in sun or shade, but plants growing in shade with moist soil are generally more tender and have larger leaves. It has a prostrate growth habit, producing leaves on long, creeping stems. Many Middle Eastern cuisines combine mallow with garlic, lemon juice, and olive oil. Its mild flavor makes it a useful companion to more bitter greens like dandelion and winter cress.

Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) grows in the same habitat as mallow. It, too, has edible greens, but for today’s wild food adventure we’re going to use its roots. This is a biennial plant, and its roots are best harvested at the end of its first year, or in early spring of its second year, before the plant starts putting out new growth. Once new growth starts, the plant draws on the roots’ stored nutrition, leaving less behind for us to enjoy.

68 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
winter cress dandelion sochan curly dock



• Leaves attach to the plant with a mucilaginous sheath at the base of each leaf. If your hands aren’t covered with goo when you’re harvesting dock, then you’re not harvesting dock.

• Leaves form a rosette and can be one to three feet tall.

• Tall stems (four to six feet) of brown seeds persist through winter, making this plant easy to spot from a distance.


• Leaves form a basal rosette of foliage.

• Leaves are toothed, and the teeth point toward the center of the plant.

• Plants produce one flower per stem and the flower stems do not branch.


• Stems and leaves are hairy.


• Leaves have three pointy lobes and toothed margins.

• Stems are solid green; they never have red or purple blotches like some toxic members of the carrot family.


• Spring growth forms a basal rosette of leaves, each with three deeply divided lobes.

• Drooping yellow petals surround a yellow-green center.

• Flower stems have alternate leaves that get progressively smaller the farther up they go.


• Leaves are rounded with scalloped or toothed margins.

• Leaves and stems are hairy.

• Flowers have five petals and are white, pale pink, or pale purple; flowers are followed by fruits that resemble wheels of cheese.

70 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024


• Foliage is lobed, with the terminal lobe larger than the rest.

• Leaves form a basal rosette.

• Yellow four-petaled flowers grow on stems that can be two to three feet tall. This is a good ID characteristic, but be sure to harvest before the flowers open. By then, the leaves are far too bitter to be tasty.


• Plentiful, bright yellow, four-petaled flowers bloom in summer; they open in the evening, hence its common name.

• Leaves have a prominent white or reddish midrib.

• First-year foliage forms a basal rosette and indicates the best time to harvest the root.


The first-year growth of evening primrose forms a basal rosette of lanceolate leaves with wavy or toothed leaf margins. Look for the dried stalks of last year’s seeds to find a patch of young plants. The roots have a hint of black pepper flavor. Some people report throat irritation after eating the raw root, so let’s not do that! After peeling them, you can cook sliced roots in soups and stews, or boil and mash them for a side dish or fritters.

After a long, cold winter, I look forward to both my first woodland walk of the season and the first harvest of spring. Finding an edible plant in the wild feels like winning Mother Nature’s scavenger hunt, even to the most experienced forager. I can’t wait to taste the unbuyable flavors of these wild greens, and as I walk back to the car, I consider how to do them justice. Could I cook them all up in a simple stir-fry? Sure, but I’d rather celebrate the harvest with something a little more indulgent and delicious. And so I give you Spring Greens Fritters.


Makes 5–6 fritters

1/2 cup evening primrose root puree

1/4 cup chopped alliums of choice (foraged, store bought, garden grown— whatever you have on hand)

1 cup chopped spring greens

1 egg

Salt, to taste

Olive oil or your cooking fat of choice

Prep your evening primrose roots by peeling and boiling them until they’re easy to pierce with a fork. Remove them from the water, chop the roots into bite-sized pieces, and transfer them to a blender. Blend until you have a smooth puree.

Mince your alliums (wild onion, ramps, garlic, shallots, etc.) and sauté briefly in oil. You’re not going for caramelized here, just a soft texture.

If you’ve harvested winter cress, blanch it for a few minutes to lessen the bitter flavor. I also briefly blanch mallow and cow parsnip greens to smooth out their hairy texture. After this preliminary prep, chop your spring greens and add them to the cooked alliums. Stir them over medium heat just long enough to reduce and wilt all the greens. Add 1/2 teaspoon salt, taste, and add more salt if necessary.

Remove the greens from the heat and let them cool to body temperature. Add the evening primrose puree and one beaten egg; stir to combine.

Pour a thin layer of your cooking fat of choice into a sauté pan and heat until it spatters when you flick a drop of water into it. To make the fritters, transfer tablespoons of batter into the oil, spacing spoonfuls widely enough that they don’t touch. Press down on the batter gently to flatten it.

When the first side has browned (3–5 minutes), flip the fritters and brown the second side (only 2–3 minutes). These are best eaten hot, so either serve immediately, or reheat them on a cookie sheet in the oven before serving. Then sit back and enjoy the first foraged feast of spring.

Note: The Santa Fe National Forest (which includes Holy Ghost Creek) does not have published rules for foragers, except to allow the collection of up to one bushel of piñon nuts for personal use. A phone call to the superintendent’s office confirmed that reasonable foraging for personal consumption is allowed on forest land.

72 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024

Come Explore with Us!

Weekend Glamping Adventure, Pecos Wilderness

Friday, Saturday and Sunday, June 7, 8 and 9

Join the Circles Explorers, the Museum of New Mexico Foundation’s membership program made for those with an adventurous spirit. Members enjoy exclusive benefits and engage in the art, culture and history of New Mexico, beyond the walls of our four state museums in Santa Fe, eight historic sites statewide and the Office of Archaeological Studies.

Join us for a weekend of glamping at the scenic Fieldtrip New Mexico and a custom itinerary of culturally rich activities:

• Private tour of Pecos National Park and Forked Lightning Pueblo

• Demonstration on micaceous pottery making

• Discussion and demonstration on turkey feather blanket and yucca fiber weaving

• Communal meals prepared by a private chef

To learn more contact Cara O’Brien, Director of The Circles, at 505.216.0848 or email cara@museumfoundation.org or visit museumfoundation.org/explorers.




Words and Photos by Charles Curtin

The two-hundred-year-old Cañoncito acequia near Mora flowing again after being clogged by debris following recent wildfires.

In New Mexico, our landscapes and communities are being transformed by climate change. The Pyrocene has arrived, where a warming and drying climate leads to repeated larger and hotter fires. The Jemez Mountains were once known as the asbestos forest—the place that rarely burned. Then at the turn of the century, the system appeared to pass a tipping point with the 1996 Dome and 2000 Cerro Grande Fires, followed by a series of larger conflagrations. Much of the Jemez has been transformed by fire from forest to shrubland. In the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the 2022 Calf Canyon Fire burned over portions of forest that were previously burned by the Hermit’s Peak Fire. Last spring, more homes and livelihoods were lost to the Las Tusas Fire within the boundaries of the previous year’s burn.

Since the 1990s, across the Southwest, and especially in New Mexico, we’ve experienced the driest period in more than one thousand years, even while shorter-term climate cycles suggest we’re overdue for wetter times. The precautionary principle says, in essence, hope for the best and plan for the worst. We need to assume the pattern of frequent fire is here to stay.

the flaming front due to high winds and low humidity. Under these extreme conditions, traditional fire management strategies such as forest thinning and fuel breaks frequently don’t work. We need to rethink landscape-level fire adaptation.

An increased fire cycle threatens ecosystems, homes, and communities—as well as hundreds of years of culture. Northern New Mexico is an agrarian society; even the homes were built from the earth. The region’s tribal lands, land grants, and acequias revolve around long-standing land-based cultures and traditions, all of which are under threat. It is not only a matter of losing forests but a matter of losing lifeways if fire, floods, fallen trees, and a transition from forest to shrubland limit communal traditions.

Land managers use the term fireshed to delineate areas where fire can spread across landscapes to buildings, homes, and communities. As with the work of the Greater Santa Fe Fireshed Coalition, it’s a fire-based planning approach to land stewardship. In New Mexico, potential firesheds include everything that’s forested, and many grasslands too.

From the vantage point of my home on a farm in the Mora Valley, I’ve experienced firsthand the impacts of the Pyrocene. As a landscape ecologist and former burn boss in New Mexico, I’ve planned and implemented prescribed burns and observed the behavior of numerous wildfires since the 1990s. But what we’re seeing since about 2010 is a radical departure from the past. During the Hermit’s Peak / Calf Canyon Fire, I watched in amazement as a seventy-foot wall of flame ripped past the farm, leaping valleys and spotting out miles ahead of

El agua es vida (water is life) is a commonly heard phrase in New Mexico, and a watershed approach centered around managing water is vital to the economy and culture. However, almost paradoxically, fire, fed by drought, leads to too much water. For years after a wildfire, flooding is the biggest threat to land, lives, and livelihoods in and around the affected area. Soils become hydrophobic (water repelling) after a hot fire, and fewer living trees and less surface vegetation exist to take up the water. In 2022, almost every afternoon during the monsoons, floods inundated our valley and much of the region, a situation that could continue for years. In the wake of fire, much of land management becomes about managing too much water.

However, increased fire can also be beneficial for watersheds and agricultural communities.

Forests collect and hold water, then release it slowly into downslope parts of the watershed. A tree can take up one hundred gallons or more a day. However, at present, conifer forests in northern New Mexico are often a hundred times as dense as in the past, and too little water reaches the farms, settlements, rivers, and riparian areas below. A loss of trees due to fire is leading to more water downslope; already, streams and acequias that have been dry for decades are being renewed.

“T The precautionary principle says, in essence, hope for the best and plan for the worst. We need to assume the pattern of frequent fire is here to stay.

Local landscapes are being transformed through the Pyrocene, but that does not mean they’ll be diminished. A watershed event is also a turning point, a historic period of transition. And we are in a watershed moment regarding the future of our lands and communities.

For decades, the predominant response to fire has emphasized recovery. The process of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), tasked with assisting communities after disasters, is essentially a congressionally mandated insurance program whose goal is to return things to how they were. The logic of recovery may have worked back when a flood or fire, tornado or hurricane, and other personal and environmental tragedies were isolated and random events. The problem is that under climate change, there no longer is a normal, so there’s no normal to go back to.

At its core, the disaster relief system is geared toward rapid response and singular solutions—not holistic, long-term strategic thinking. In

Mora, for instance, FEMA-funded contractors restored our acequia following the fires, but not the old culvert under our road because that was not part of their mandate. Following the first storm, the culvert, plugged with rocks, trees, and other debris, overflowed, destroying our farm entrance road. FEMA subsequently funded replacement of the culvert (with a new one of exactly the same size), but eight months later, the road is yet to be fixed. Meanwhile, the landscape up-valley has not been stabilized, causing the acequia to again become clogged and degraded.

A comparable issue plays out at a much larger scale around reforestation. We’re spending millions on new nurseries and forest restoration efforts, which are crucial to reviving our land and ecosystems. But trees grow slowly, and they burn. What will the community do for the next fifty years as they wait for the trees to grow? What will agencies do if another fire comes and burns the trees?

Given the realities of the Pyrocene, planting trees must be accompanied by an integrated landscape and community recovery strategy that creates fuel breaks and helps sustain people while the trees grow. The problem is that no agency is tasked with doing this, and it is

76 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
Flames ring the agricultural fields of the Mora Valley during the Hermit’s Peak / Calf Canyon Fire.

outside the mission of most funders, resulting in viable long-term strategies falling between the cracks.

Then there’s the issue of equity. Under an insurance-style FEMA approach, large landowners stand to make millions from recovery dollars that they are not mandated to spend on their land. So after past fires in places like Paradise, California, the big landowners built larger homes or bought more real estate while the poorer ones packed up and left. Meanwhile, many contractors become millionaires almost overnight. There are also looming concerns about a land grab by outof-state investors interested in water rights, a shift in land tenure that would further devastate the culture and community.

In any good design, you work back from what you’ve got, what you need, and your constraints. What’ve we got? We’ve got more fire, more water, and, for a while, a bunch of state and federal funding and the national political spotlight. What do we need? We need integrated fire planning, landscape recovery, and sustainable livelihoods. What constraints do we face? Workforce, land, housing, and a declining and aging population. How do we combine all these elements? We combine them through a foodshed approach focusing on food sovereignty, economic independence, social justice, and the integrated long-term renewal of communities and ecosystems. In contrast to a short-sighted, insurance-style approach favoring large landowners and contractors, an approach rooted in community-based regenerative agriculture serves the whole community’s interests, works with natural processes, and thinks deeply about adapting to a changing world.

But there are solutions. In northern New Mexico, the foodshed is key to a holistic response. A foodshed is not simply a geographic location that produces food for the benefit of the local population; it’s a regional strategy based on creating cultural renewal and abundance.

Developing a foodshed takes vision and a sense of purpose, so let’s imagine this: landscapes where healthy, large stands of timber are in the draws, the north slopes, and the places protected from fire. Those lands that are not defensible from fire or where shrubs make trees hard to grow and sustain become pasture and grazing areas comprised

From top left, clockwise: Flames roar past a home near Mora. Mora was the first county in the US to pass an anti-fracking ordinance; now new threats impact community water resources. Debris flow near Las Vegas following a summer 2023 downpour.

of native vegetation. Rotationally grazed cattle keep the grass short, serving as firebreaks, while folivores such as goats reduce the incursion of shrubs, which further reduce fire threats. Meanwhile, biochar created from the burned trees improves the productivity of the forests and provides additional income streams for local landowners, while heat from woody biomass can warm greenhouses and fuel other agricultural and community-based endeavors.

This vision is not a fantasy. It reflects most of New Mexico’s past. Historically, Indigenous and Hispano communities lived in a highly fire-adapted landscape of their creation. As a result, the land was a matrix of different habitats that provided ecological diversity while sustaining local livelihoods.

Most of the pieces we need exist, but they’ve not been applied in an integrated approach. In Mora and across northern New Mexico, a region with a long history of subsistence farming and raising cattle and sheep, food co-ops are developing alternative markets and growing strategies. Carbon-negative or -neutral forest recovery systems have been used elsewhere; we need to find ways to apply them here. Mountain communities like Mora are unique in that most of the pop-

ulation are landowners, but many old adobes are no longer habitable. The workforce has considerable expertise in the building trades, and places like Luna Community College offer adobe building courses, providing another source of land-based housing and jobs. We have communities with a strong sense of culture and pride. Now we need a strategy that creates the collective will to invest in a recovery system focused on empowering and improving the whole community’s health.

What we do in places like Mora and San Miguel Counties matters not just for its implications for these communities but also because it sets the stage for what we do regionally. According to scientific assessments, such as recent reports in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, most of our forests will burn in the coming decades. The Pyrocene and recent wildfire relief and infrastructure improvement programs are an opportunity to proactively develop community-based agriculture, food systems, and fire-adapted landscapes. But this requires working with our community, agency, and philanthropic leaders to support a fireshed-watershed-foodshed vision where we combine science and Indigenous wisdom to craft a more viable future that works with, rather than against, the emerging realities of climate change.

78 edible New Mexico | SPRING 2024
The clearing of fire-burned timber presents opportunities to increase landscape diversity while establishing fuel breaks. Pasturelands can provide an opportunity to improve rural livelihoods while buffering communities from fire threats.



4 servings | $12.51 | $3.13 per serving

Level: Easy | Prep time: 10 minutes; Cook time: 25 minutes; Total time: 35 minutes

This chartreuse fractal brassica is a visual delight packed with vitamin C, vitamin K, dietary fiber, and carotenoids, and usually appears in the stores in springtime. You can substitute broccoli or cauliflower as the main vegetable when romanesco isn’t available. You can also use any white bean in place of cannellini.


2 heads romanesco, outer leaves and core removed and cut into bite-sized florets ($8.44)

2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil ($0.55)

1 teaspoon kosher salt ($0.03)

1/2 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper ($0.02)


1 1/2 cups cooked cannellini beans, drained and rinsed ($1.50)

2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil ($0.55)

Zest and juice of 1 lemon ($0.72)

1 garlic clove ($0.08)

1/2 teaspoon sea salt ($0.01)

1/4 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper ($0.01)

2–4 tablespoons water, if needed

2 teaspoons fresh rosemary leaves, finely chopped ($0.33)


1 tablespoon extra-virgin olive oil ($0.27)

1 teaspoon vegetable ash, optional (see page 41 for recipe)


Place an empty sheet pan into the oven and preheat to 400°F. Place the romanesco florets into a large bowl, drizzle with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and toss to combine.

Remove the preheated sheet pan from the oven and carefully turn the florets out in an even layer onto the hot pan. Return the pan to the oven and roast romanesco until tender and golden brown, approximately 25–30 minutes.


Meanwhile, in a food processor, pulse the beans, olive oil, lemon juice and zest, garlic, salt, and pepper until combined. If you desire a smoother consistency, keep the food processor running while slowly adding up to 4 tablespoons water. Process until smooth. Blend in the fresh rosemary.


Serve family style: spoon the white bean dip onto a platter, drizzle with some olive oil, sprinkle with vegetable ash (optional), and place florets all around.

The Last Bite is brought to you by Rio Grande Credit Union and highlights recipes on a budget. Costs are estimated using online budget calculators or based on purchases for edible’s test kitchen.

Photo by Stephanie Cameron.
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