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In

September

of

1620

Mayflower

traveled

west

Plymouth,

England

to

America.

The

voyagers

the from

North on

the

Mayflower were called “Pilgrims.� Lead by Christopher Jones and John Carver, the pilgrims went to North America in hopes to find religious

freedom.

After

two

months of sailing the Mayflower arrived

in

Massachusetts.

present

day


A cold and bitter winter made it difficult for the Pilgrims to build shelter and find food. More than half the settlers died because they were not used to North America’s harsh winters. Many Pilgrims did not even know how to hunt or gather food.


Luckily, the local natives, the Wampanoag tribe, knew how to grow crops and hunt. A friendly native of the

Wampanoag

tribe

named

Squanto showed the Pilgrims how to farm and fish. He showed the Pilgrims how to grow corn, beans, and squash, known as “the three sisters�.


In the fall of 1621, after months of

tending

to

their

crops,

the

Pilgrims were thankful that it was harvest season. The Pilgrims had a lot of food. What would they do with it all? William Bradford, the leader of the Plymouth colony, and Massasoit, Wampanoag

the

leader

tribe,

of

agreed

the upon

having a feast to celebrate their successful harvest.


They couldn’t decide how much to make! So, the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe counted everyone that was planning on attending the celebration.

Altogether,

counted 42 people.

they


If each person decided they would eat between 5-10 clams each, what is the smallest number of clams the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe would have to catch and what is the highest number of clams they would have to catch?


If the Wampanoag tribe picked 84 squash and the Pilgrims picked 42 squash, what is the total number of squash

picked?

How

could

the

Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe evenly distribute the squash among all 42 people?


After the meal was over, all 42 people ate â…” of the shellfish, how many shellfish were eaten in total?


If 他 of the people ate 2 ears of corn each, how many ears of corn were eaten in total?


Out of the 88 fish that were caught only 7/8 were cooked and only 6/11 were eaten. How many


cooked fish were left over but not eaten?


The Pilgrims and the people of the Wampanoag tribe were pleased with their successful feast. They’re bellies were full with delicious food and they were thankful for having each other.


Key Question 1: If each person decided they would eat between 510 clams each, what is the smallest number of clams the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe would have to catch and what is the highest number of clams they would have to catch? Smallest number: 5 x 42 = 210 clams Highest number: 10 x 42 = 420 clams Question 2: If the Wampanoag tribe picked 84 squash and the Pilgrims picked 42 squash, what is the total number of squash picked? How could the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag tribe evenly distribute the squash among all 42 people? 84 + 42 = 126 pieces of squash in total 126 ÷ 42 = 3 pieces of squash per person Question 3: All 42 people ate ⅔of the shellfish, how many shellfish were eaten in total? ⅔x 42= ? Draw 42 blocks; once 42 blocks are drawn group them into groups of 3. Out of every group of 3, color in or cross out 2 blocks. The number of blocks that are colored in is the answer.

Answer: 28 Shellfish were eaten


Question 4: If ¾ of the people ate 2 ears of corn each, how many ears of corn were eaten in total? (¾ x 42) x 2 =? Draw 42 blocks; once 42 blocks are drawn group them into groups of 4. Out of every group of 4, color in or cross out 3 blocks. Multiply the total amount of blocks crossed by 2 to find how many ears of corn were eaten.

Since the two blocks with the diamond patter do not fit into a group of four, we divide 3 by two because there are only two blocks within the “group of 3.” The 30 black blocks + 1.5 diamond blocks = 31.5 x 2= 63. Answer: 63 ears of corn were eaten.


Question 5: Out of the 88 fish that were caught only 7/8 were cooked and only 6/11 were eaten. How many cooked fish were left over but not eaten? Draw 88 blocks; once 88 blocks are drawn group them into 8 groups. Cross out or color in 7 of those blocks within every group of 8. Count how many are crossed off.


77 fish were cooked. Now we need to find how many fish were eaten. Draw 88 more blocks. Group the blocks into groups of 11. Cross out or color in 6 of those blocks. Count how many are crossed off.


48 fish were eaten. To find how many fish were cooked but not eaten we subtract the number of fish that were eaten from the number of fish that were cooked. Number of fish cooked-number of fish eaten=? 77-48= 29 fish were cooked but not eaten


Introductory Page The Core Curriculum states studying about the first Thanksgiving would be most appropriate for fifth grade social studies. The content for fifth grade is The United States, Canada, and Latin America. “Governments of the United States, Canada, and Latin American nations” is a content understanding found on page 31 of the Core Curriculum. The subtopic of the “Governments of the United States, Canada, and Latin American nations” content understanding is citizenship in the United States, Canada, and nations of Latin America includes an awareness of the patriotic celebrations of those nations. In the United States these celebration include: Lincoln’s Birthday, Washington’s Birthday, Independence Day, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, Election Day, Flag Day, Memorial Day, and Conservational Day found on pages 31-32. Social Studies Concepts/Themes History/ culture, diversity

Standards #1 US History

Geography/ places and regions

#3 Geography

Economics/ factors of production

#4 Economics

The Core Curriculum states understanding the concept of a fraction would be most appropriate for sixth grade mathematics. The children book had mathematical questions regarding multiplication of fractions with whole numbers and multiplication of fractions with fractions. Math Strand Number Sense and Operations

Standard Performance Indicator Students will understand 6.N.17 Multiply the meanings of operation and divide and procedures, and how they fractions with relate to one another unlike denominators

Works Cited " T h e F i r s t T h a n k s g i v i n g . " S c h o la s t i c . S c h o la s t i c , A u g 2 0 0 6 . We b . O c t 1 2 0 1 0 . < h t tp : / / w w w. s c h o la s t i c . c o m / s c h o la s t i c _ t h a n k s g i v i n g / > . " T h e M a y f lo w e r. " P l y m o u t h P la n ta t i o n . P r o v e r b , 2 0 0 8 . We b . 1 Oct 2010. < h t tp : / / w w w. p l i m o t h . o r g / k i ds / h o m e w o r k H e l p / m a y f lo w e r. p h p>.

First Thanksgiving  

Be there with the participants of the first Thanksgiving. Learn about our history and even some mathematics from them.

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