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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION

RESEARCH REVIEW 2014 Capturing our future

SAFER, SMARTER, GREENER


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www

WHERE TO MEET US Web: www.dnvgl.com/technology-innovation/ E-mail: research@dnvgl.com Blog: blogs.dnvgl.com/research/ Twitter: @DNVGLResearch


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Introduction .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 POSITION PAPERS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SELECTED PROJECTS.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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The ReVolt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 HRS Ship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 PLATOS .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Technology Transfer .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Deep sea mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Drag-reducing coating approaches for shipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Person-centred care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Flood Resilience . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Materials for Extreme Oil & Gas Wells (MEOW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 The NorthSeaGrid project . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 PERSONAL HIGHLIGHTS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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A broader view . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Better decisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38


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A GOOD DECISION IS BASED ON KNOWLEDGE


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Plato said some 2,500 years ago: "A good decision is based on knowledge." His words have become ever more relevant over the centuries. And in today's rapidly changing world, knowledge is the key strategic asset.

Changes related to climate will affect all of us – irrespective of our location or business. The same is true of technology-related changes, which are taking place at an increasing pace and including more and more real-time data.

However, this activity must also take more shortterm business needs into account. Yes, we have to provide foresight and we have to identify the necessary competence and start to develop it. But we also have to turn our competence into business.

At DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation (SR&I), our primary focus is on new knowledge and technology areas that have a long-term impact on the industries we serve and our own work processes and core services.

The Arctic programme has been one of the focuses of our research and innovation unit for many years. At the end of 2014, it was moved closer to our operations and is now part of the Oil & Gas business area. For us, this is an example of how knowledge and competence can be developed and then integrated into the business.

We believe that a safe and sustainable future (our vision) is technically possible – in both the short- and long-term. Whether or not we achieve it depends not just on the technologies themselves, but also on how effectively we are able to introduce them at scale, manage the risks they pose and catalyse trust – all in a way that generates economic, social and environmental value. Today, individuals and society at large have zero tolerance for failure. At the same time, a lack of confidence and lack of credibility have been pointed out as problems. DNV GL has for decades invested some 5% of its annual revenue in research and innovation. By combining our knowledge and competence within our different business areas and sharing our SR&I results with industry, we want to help improve that confidence and credibility. Strategic research and innovation must have a long-term perspective. To ensure a view that is sufficiently broad and long-term, this activity has to be sufficiently removed from the day-to-day business.

Other research programmes that have been active throughout 2014 and are to continue into 2015 are: Maritime Transportation, Information Technology, Oil & Gas, Materials, Healthcare, Power Systems & Electrification, Climate Change and Foresight. This review provides a brief description of some of the major projects within each programme. I hope you find it interesting and inspiring reading. I would also like to take this opportunity to let you know that we are going to develop Technology Outlook 2025 in 2015 – so there will be more interesting reading later on too.

Rune Torhaug Director, DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation


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POSITION PAPERS PUBLISHED IN 2014 A Position Paper from DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation is intended to highlight findings from our research programmes.

POSITION PAPER 5-2014

NEXT GENERATION ENERGY MANAGEMENT In this work we describe the main elements and research work towards the next generation of methods and tools for ship energy management.

Contact George.Dimopoulos@dnvgl.com

POSITION PAPER 6-2014

BEYOND CONDITION MONITORING IN THE MARITIME INDUSTRY Moving from a regime of scheduled rule-based maintenance via on-condition maintenance and ultimately to a data-driven risk-based regime can lead to more accurate and timely maintenance tasks. Contact Knut.Erik.Knutsen@dnvgl.com

POSITION PAPER 7-2014

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING – A MATERIALS PERSPECTIVE Additive Manufacturing (AM), of which 3-D printing is one technique, will rapidly expand its reach in the oil & gas and maritime industries. In this position paper we present our perspective on the risk associated with AM.

Contact Shan.Guan@dnvgl.com, Narasi.Sridhar@dnvgl.com


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POSITION PAPER 8-2014

INTEGRATED MULTISCALE MODELLING OF MATERIALS Modelling failure mechanisms is important for predicting the future of materials in a system.

Contact Christopher.Taylor@dnvgl.com

POSITION PAPER 9-2014

ALL SUBSEA? CREATING VALUE FROM SUBSEA PROCESSING The objective of this position paper is to investigate what may make the business case of an All-subsea field development solution viable.

Contact Frank.Borre.Pedersen@dnvgl.com

POSITION PAPER 10-2014

RELIABILITY OF FUTURE POWER GRIDS Our present-day society has become highly dependent on a reliable electricity supply due to increasing networking and electronic information exchange requirements.

Contact Theo.Bosma@dnvgl.com

POSITION PAPER 11-2014

MIXED METHODS: IMPROVING THE ASSESSMENT OF SAFETY CULTURE IN HEALTHCARE In this position paper, we make the case for using a mixed methods approach, in which quantitative and qualitative methods are combined, to improve the accuracy of results for when a healthcare organization’s safety culture is assessed.

Contact Tita.Alissa.Listyowardojo@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS


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SELECTED PROJECTS

The ReVolt – a new inspirational ship concept

Taking current technology to the extreme, DNV GL has developed a revolutionary concept for an unmanned, zero-emission, shortsea vessel.


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THE ReVolt IN BRIEF

FACTS & FIGURES

žž žž žž žž žž

Main particulars žž LOA 60.23m žž Beam 14.5m žž Depth 12.18m žž Draught (full) 4.84 m žž Service speed 6 kn

Service speed: 6 knots Range: 100 nautical miles Cargo capacity: 100 TEU Power demand: 50kW in calm sea Unmanned operation

Economic benefits žž Increased safety žž Lower operating costs žž No direct emissions žž Ballast-free design žž Requires re-charging facilities in every port

Named the ReVolt, this vessel is 60 metres long and is fully battery powered and autonomous – it requires no crew. This is a new shipping concept for the short-sea segment that offers a possible solution to the growing need for transport capacity. The EU road network is already suffering from congestion and the population growth in urban areas will lead to a demand for transportation that exceeds the capacity of existing roads.

Machinery žž Battery 5,500 kWh

during its estimated 30-year lifetime – saving more than a million USD annually. The ReVolt is a vision for the future and will not be built until several of the technologies involved have matured. However, it could conceivably be built and operated using current technology. It is intended to serve as an inspiration for equipment manufacturers, shipyards and shipowners as they endeavour to develop new solutions for a safer and more sustainable future.

To alleviate these issues, governments all over the EU are trying to move some of the freight volume from roads to waterways. However, profit margins in the short-sea shipping segment are small.

The ReVolt was initiated as a research project in August 2013 and launched externally a year later. It will continue - and be extended to involve landbased charging facilities and capacities - as a research project within DNV GL.

The innovative ship concept, the ReVolt, is the result of a multi-disciplinary, team-based development project at DNV GL supported by Transnova, Norway and is based on an assessment of current requirements along short-sea routes. The vessel will operate at a speed of 6 knots with a range of 100 nautical miles and a cargo capacity of 100 twentyfoot containers.

For the purpose of testing the autonomous capabilities of ReVolt, a 1:20 scaled model has been built. Through collaboration with the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), this model will serve as test bench in researching sensor fusion and collision avoidance for autonomous surface vehicles. This competence project will run for three years from Q3 2015.

With no crew, there is no need for crew facilities such as the vessel's superstructure. The resulting increase in loading capacity and low operating and maintenance costs mean that, compared to a dieselrun ship, the ReVolt could save up to USD 34 million

Contact Hans.Anton.Tvete@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

HRS Ship Real-time sensor- and simulation-based optimization of a ship's energy consumption.

HRS Ship in brief žž Partners: BW Gas, ABB, NTNU (Norwegian University of Science and Technology) žž Duration: 2013-2015 (3 years) žž Total budget: MNOK 18.1 (40% provided by the Norwegian Research Council)

žž Participating vessel: BW GDF SUEZ-PARIS (LNG carrier)

žž More than 300 high-frequency measurements transmitted to shore daily and processed automatically


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HRS project generic work process Methodology outline: existing and new built vessels Mapping of the ship’s total energy flow • Definition of metrics • Onboard measurements • Energy analysis • Mapping of losses • Identify improvement areas

Baseline performance

Computer models development

Technology Vector • Harvesting • Recovery • Storage • Technology combinations • Case ships & scenarios

• Specification • Development • Verification

(effectiveness)

Model-based assessment • Ship-wide model synthesis • Simulations • Solutions for existing ships • Solutions for new ships • Improvement potentials • Onboard demonstration

Improvement potential

Ranking of technologies

The total energy efficiency of ships can be improved. Through detailed mapping of the energy flow, identification of energy losses, continuous sensor-based monitoring, and implementation of energy Harvesting, Recovery, and Storage (HRS) technologies, the objective of this project is to reduce a ship’s energy loss. An extensive measurement campaign is being carried out to map the energy flow on a test vessel, the LNG carrier BW Suez-Paris. All operating parameters related to vessel performance and energy efficiency are being monitored using high-frequency sensors that measure the performance of all the machinery system's components. The parameters monitored include the fuel consumption, power output, temperatures and pressures at critical locations, as well as weatherrelated information and the vessel’s motions, which are measured by a Motion Response Unit. The measurements are automatically recorded and transmitted to shore every few hours without crew intervention. Algorithms for automatic processing and analysis of the data are currently under development. A graphical user interface is also being developed to provide an easy way for the shipowner to monitor the ship’s performance. The vessel’s machinery system has been modelled in the COSSMOS platform in order to perform an exergy analysis, which identifies the highest energy losses and areas with the highest potential for energy recovery and fuel savings. The model will also be

used to optimize the machinery system's operation and evaluate the potential benefits of introducing new technologies. Some of the technologies considered are various types of natural gas compressors, low-temperature waste heat recovery using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) systems and the reliquefaction of the boil-off gas. In the last year of the project, the focus will be on the following areas: 1. Further developing our knowledge and capabilities and proving the developed performance-monitoring methodology. This may lead to new Class and Maritime Advisory services. 2. Finalising the energy-flow mapping, based on an exergy analysis and analysis of measurements. 3. Evaluating the potential benefits for a number of selected technologies by performing modelbased assessments.

Contact Christos.Chryssakis@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

PLATOS Planning Tool for Optimized Storage


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Electricity storage systems will enable the development of Smart Grids by solving many of the technical challenges. But traditional grid optimization tools do not encompass storage solutions. DNV GL has developed PLATOS as a tool to help grid planners and operators optimize the integration of storage into grids.

Top down vs bottom up In addition to growing penetration levels of renewable energy sources (RES) like solar and wind into the grid, and new consumers (e.g. electric vehicles), grid operators need to cope with ‘bottom up’ scenarios – energy coming from and not to, for example, houses. Traditional grids are designed for ‘top down’ distribution, and traditional grid optimization tools follow this same logic; however, these tools cannot easily cope with bottom-up in the form of RES or energy storage units. Since 2012, DNV GL has been working to overcome this problem together with its partners in the NEMO (EU FP7) project: Fraunhofer ISE (Germany) and EMD International (Denmark); and in consultation with transmission and distribution grid operators from the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. Building on this research effort, DNV GL has developed PLATOS as an internal tool for use by DNV GL consultants and engineers in advising grid planners and operators. Finding the best storage solution In a nutshell, PLATOS is a tool that solves complex grid issues through storage. It assists network planners in determining the optimal type, size and location of energy storage systems.

PLATOS allows multiple scenario analyses to be run comparing a variety of solutions. The tool can simulate an entire year of grid operation, and can vary input parameters like the number of RES units and the power demand profiles. The output of the tool is, essentially, a recipe for placing storage units in a grid, including the size and cost of each unit for optimal grid performance and finances. What-if analyses can be performed to compare alternative solutions like grid reinforcements. Next steps Beyond reducing uncertainty for grid planners and operators, PLATOS benefits RES owners and other stakeholders through the same scenario analyses to reduce uncertainty in their operation or policy making. While the present version of PLATOS focuses on storage systems for grid support including cost calculations (investment & operational/maintenance), the focus in 2015 is on integration of market participation. This will encompass the use of the storage system to trade energy on electricity markets to improve the payback time of the system.

Contact Jos.vanderBurgt@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Technology Transfer DNV GL’s strategic partnership with the Climate Technology Centre & Network (CTCN)


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Seated (L-R): CTCN Director Jukka Uosukainen and DNV GL Chief Sustainability Officer Bjørn K. Haugland, seen here signing the strategic partnership agreement. Standing (L-R): UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner and the Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Børge Brende. Photo: Damir Cvetojevic

In August 2014, DNV GL and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) announced they will work together though the CTCN to improve access to climate change mitigation and adaptation technologies in developing countries.

Accelerate technology transfer The vision of the CTCN is to promote accelerated, diversified and scaled-up transfer of environmentally sound technologies for climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing countries, in line with their sustainable development priorities. The technologies in question include equipment, techniques, practical knowledge and skills needed for both reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and adapting to climate change.

Building capacity Through its services, the CTCN aims to address barriers that hinder the development and transfer of climate technologies, thereby creating an enabling environment for reduced GHG emissions and climate vulnerability, improved local innovation capacities and increased investment in climate technology projects.

žž providing technical assistance to developing countries to enhance transfer of climate technologies

Through its strategic partnership with the CTCN, DNV GL will support CTCN operations by offering its extensive experience in technology transfer, knowledge management and capacity building. DNV GL will also facilitate the engagement of the private sector in the Centre’s network in order to stimulate technology cooperation among developed and developing countries.

žž providing and sharing information and knowledge on climate technologies; and

For more information visit CTCN: http://www.unep.org/climatechange/ctcn/

žž fostering collaboration and networking of various stakeholders on climate technologies.

Contact Bente.Pretlove@dnvgl.com

The CTCN facilitates the transfer of these technologies through three core services:


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Deep sea mining From research to recommended practice

So-called white smokers at Champagne Vent, Marianas Trench. Mineralrich hydrothermal vent fields are a particular target for deep sea mining.

Source: U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


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Diamonds Established industry offshore Namibia

Cobalt rich crusts: Two ISA regulated exploration contracts in Western Pacific Ocean

Phosphates: Scheduled to start in Namibia in 2013, delayed due to conflict with fisheries Project planned in New Zealand

Sulphides: Projects planned in Papua New Guinea and Red Sea Four ISA regulated exploration contracts in Atlantic and Indian Oceans Polymetallic nodules: Thirteen ISA regulated exploration contracts in Pacific and Indian Oceans

Continent

Scientific continental shelf

Slope

Rise

Abyssal plain

As land-based mineral deposits deplete, the sea bed, which holds vast quantities of metal ore at higher concentration than onshore deposits, looks increasingly attractive. A number of operations are already planned and around twenty exploration contracts have been issued by the International Seabed Authority (ISA).

What role can and should DNV GL play in relation to mining’s new frontier? A very significant one, according to a research project conducted in early 2014, which stimulated work towards a DNV GL Recommended Practice on Sustainable Deep Sea Mining, launched internally in December 2014. The objective of the SR&I project was to provide DNV GL with sufficient information to decide if and how to proceed with activities related to deep sea mining.

impacts from seafloor mining, tailings deposited back into the water and processing chemical discharged to the sea.

The regulatory environment was found to be patchy, with large variations in regulatory regime maturity between countries. From 200 nautical miles and further out, International Seabed Authority (ISA) regulations apply, and these have been developed for exploration, but regulations for extraction have yet to be drafted.

Potential market The SR&I project detailed a very broad market for DNV GL services in future deep sea mining projects, which can be summarized as:

Familiar technology Many technical aspects of deep sea mining are familiar to DNV GL: support and bulk (ore) vessels, risers, dynamic positioning, ROV technology, trenching, and so on – but all deployed in a very different setting. The projects are large and complex, and involve a land-based industry operating at sea, where it lacks experience with the risk-based approach used in the offshore industry. Deep sea mining projects do not necessarily have more impact on the environment than onshore projects – this was revealed in a secondary research project in SR&I. However, knowledge of the effect on the deep sea ecology is limited, with potential

žž Class services for vessels, equipment on seabed žž Technical advisory and verification žž Environmental services (risk management, EIAs, etc.) Recommended practice DNV GL can play a leading role in establishing frameworks to foster confidence between the various actors and stakeholders. The process has already begun, with the internal launch of a recommended practice (RP) developed by BA Oil & Gas, presenting an environmental risk-based approach that gives advice to all phases of deep sea mining activities having a direct impact on the environment. Following internal review, the RP will be launched in 2015.

Contact Erik.Andreas.Hektor@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Drag-reducing coating approaches for shipping


© Getty Images

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Bio-inspired microstructured surface – for example riblets adapted from shark skin (pictured) have been commercialized, e.g. 3M riblet film. Although allowing up to 13% drag reduction in open water flow, the material presents a challenge in manufacturing and bonding, and is susceptible to wear and damage to the architectures

Can the maritime industry learn from oil & gas pipelines and other industries about low drag coatings? As this wide-ranging study revealed, owing to the multifunctional requirement for marine coatings, there is no single silver bullet solution. DNV GL has a well-established history of research into low drag coatings for the maritime industry. The Optifoul project (2009), for example, developed a decision support tool for selecting optimized antifouling solutions and hull cleaning procedures for ship owners and operators.

žž So-called ‘smart’ materials, which include selfadjustable bio-inspired surfaces, responsive anti-fouling coatings and built-in MEMS sensors for real-time drag monitoring, show considerable promise for maritime applications, but currently are all in R&D or early, experimental use.

Casting the net wide This project cast the net far wider than previous studies. It set out to establish what we can learn from other industries (oil & gas pipelines, the aviation industry, food & beverage, medical and so on) and from advanced concepts in the research stage to expand choice and progress our understanding of how various low drag solutions can work together optimally for maritime applications.

Finding the best combination The project found that the inherent multifunctional requirement for marine coatings (i.e. anticorrosion, drag reduction and antifouling) means that no single approach is sufficiently effective. Hybrid or joint methods are setting the trend in coating development, as they are in flow drag reduction.

žž Passive controls are currently used in maritime – they are cheap, more energy efficient and required less maintenance. žž Active controls are extensively used in the closed channel systems.

The project team has prepared a detailed report, which included recommendations to evaluate one or more promising techniques in a research project run in collaboration with a business area.

Contact Liu.Cao@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Person-centred care Co-creating the healthcare sector for the future

CURE

CASE MANAGER

REHABILITATION

BIRTH

NEW LIFE

PRIMARY PREVENTION

CONTINUED WELL-BEING

CONTINUING CARE

NEW LIFE

ACUTE TREATMENT

EARLY DETECTION AND INTERVENTION

HEALTH COACH

SECONDARY PREVENTION

PERSONALISED PLAN RISK ASSESSMENT

CONTINUING CARE NEED

SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT

CASE MANAGER

REHABILITATION


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When professionals stop asking patients “What is the matter?” and begin to ask “What matters to you?”, the concept of care is expanded to encompass the patient as a person.

But we are not there yet. Existing healthcare systems around the world are no longer sustainable and nor do they provide the best quality of care for patients.

countries with a critical analysis of the literature and interviews with 40 world leaders in healthcare.

Most of the current systems are based on a ‘fix-it’ understanding of healthcare.

Across countries and continents, we find useful examples of what person-centred care could entail. The quality of care can be improved by combining person-centred care with systems and risk thinking.

Increasing numbers of chronic diseases as well as improved health literacy amongst patients are challenging the ‘fix-it’ model. A chronic disease, for example, cannot be fixed easily. The role of the healthcare professional has to become one of helping people to manage their condition – thus cocreating healthcare.

Based on the compelling examples of how cocreation can make a significant difference and how healthcare is provided around the world, we have identified 10 key actions for scaling and spreading person-centred care.

Healthcare systems and healthcare professionals around the world struggle to meet these expectations.

This new approach will include a thorough reconfiguration of the way we view partnerships, patients, care and leadership. The project intends to involve other experts too in order to ensure wider involvement and, in the end, better conclusions.

The creation of a healthcare model that places the patient at the centre of care represents a radical change that calls for new perspectives, new partnerships and new solutions. In this research project initiated and run since 2013, DNV GL and Monday Morning Sustainia are working with global partners to identify, distil and spread best practices in healthcare co-creation. As a first step, we have published a guide to cocreating person-centred care that combines 10 case studies from low-, middle- and high-income

The long-term aim is to build a global platform for co-creating healthcare - Healthcare 100 - that identifies the 100 best solutions for improving healthcare quality each year from around the world and encourages their spread through our international community of practice. We will also use the community to distil the best solutions into our work where appropriate.

Contact Stephen.Leyshon@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Flood Resilience Arnhem High Power Laboratory


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Climate change will usher in more extreme weather. But what are the additional risk levels? The Climate Change team studied this in relation to DNV GL’s High Power Lab on the Rhine River in The Netherlands. This pioneering flood resilience approach can be reused in advisory work for a range of customers.

Electricity and water DNV GL’s High Power Laboratory (HPL) is sited on the Rhine River one hour east of Amsterdam. The lab, which tests components for electrical grids, is the largest of its kind and will soon test the highest voltage equipment in the world. Its riverside position allows heavy equipment to be moved to the laboratory by ship and tested in place on a barge at the river’s edge, but this proximity to water heightens concerns about flooding due to climate change. As such, the HPL was an ideal test case for the Climate Change Programme to conduct a flood resilience study. Pioneering approach This study involved establishing and combining a hydrodynamic numerical model, a statistical assessment of extreme values, and a spatial analysis of the location of the High Power Lab (HPL) to estimate the probabilities of flooding water levels that may impact the HPL. The analysis was completed for the present climate as well as different future climatic scenarios using state-of-the-art 3D flooding

models that are combined with the characteristics of the site obtained from a laser acquisition technique (LIDAR). A regression model was generated to include genuine flood measurements together with model-generated flooding occurrences. A valuable service With the Arnhem case study, DNV GL confirms that we are serious about climate change and its effects, and that we are conscious of the danger that climate change will inflict on society and to businesses, including our own. Pioneering and refining this type of analysis in our own backyard raises confidence in our ability to provide this type of advice and service to customers. In doing so, DNV GL demonstrates its thought leadership on Climate Change, as well as our science-based and practical approach to decision making for a more resilient future.

Contact Byron.Quan.Luna@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

Materials for Extreme Oil & Gas Wells (MEOW)

Selecting corrosion resistant alloys (CRAs*) for sour service can involve long and costly testing and significant uncertainties in applying the test results. As part of an ongoing JIP, DNV GL is pioneering new modelling and test approaches for improving decision making for a growing range of CRAs.

* Corrosion Resistant Alloys are defined as alloys protected by an oxide film that renders them more resistant than carbon steels to general corrosion in environments relevant to oil and gas production. CRAs can be susceptible to localized corrosion in the form of pitting or crevices, and environmentally assisted cracking.


DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 27

Performance limits for highly alloyed austenitic stainless steels in ISO 15156. The data points indicate the specification limits. The cracking mode is likely to be a mix of various EAC, depending on the environmental variables, including ones not explicitly mentioned in this diagram, such as pH and potential. No data are indicated above or below these limits, thus probabilistic information around the limit state is missing.

Another method to delineate the performance of CRAs is to identify regions in the carbon dioxide – hydrogen sulphide pressure space. However, carbon dioxide pressure is much less influential for the performance of the high-end alloys and these boundaries are derived from sparse data.

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DNV GL Š 2013

Current limitations Current limits established in ISO 15156 for sour environments have significant uncertainties that can lead to overly conservative materials specification, resulting in unnecessary costs and project delays. The uncertainties principally relate to the fact that the limits specified for alloys are based on laboratory tests and field experiences, mostly using staticallyloaded specimens in a small set of environmental conditions. However, for some wells, bottom hole environmental conditions can become more severe (e.g. higher concentrations of chloride and hydrogen sulphide) as the wells age. It is important, therefore, that the selection process for CRAs is informed by a range of conditions that can be encountered during the life of the well.

A new selection framework A framework for evaluating the long-term performance of advanced CRAs is required, and DNV GL and its consortium partners are developing such a framework. In doing so, we demonstrated that a physics-based modelling approach, combined with limited experiments, is a good approach for materials selection in extreme well environments. We tested a number of CRAs at the limits of their current acceptance to validate this approach. We are extending this concept to other CRAs and presenting the approach to an industry consortium.

Contact Narasi.Sridhar@dnvgl.com


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SELECTED PROJECTS

The NorthSeaGrid project

Through its participation in the NorthSeaGrid (NSG) project, DNV GL is playing a leading role in establishing and evaluating how renewable and other power sources in and surrounding the North Sea can be better connected and work more optimally together.

For more information about the NorthSeaGrid (NSG) Consortium: www.northseagrid.info

Photo: Simon Mockler


DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 29

Business as usual

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(Hypothetical): a Denmark-Netherlands interconnector crosses the paths of export cables from OWPPs supplying power to Germany but is not electrically connected to form an offshore grid.

The interconnector and the wind power export cables are integrated, providing added flexibility and redundancy.

Europe has set itself ambitious targets for renewables in the energy mix and thus urgently needs to increase the penetration of renewables in the electric power systems throughout the continent.

These interconnectors may be located close to the transport cables carrying power from OWPPs whose topology is again point-to-point (from a collector substation offshore to a grid connection point onshore).

Growing grids… A key starting point is to level out the inherent intermittency in renewables by increasing the geographic spread of the renewables connected to the grid. Power sources can thus optimally balance supply and demand – with a simplified example being that if winds speeds drop in one area, it is likely to rise elsewhere.

These cables pass each other like proverbial ships in the night – and this raises the obvious question, why not integrate the power from OWPPs into the country-to-country interconnectors? The NorthSeaGrid project is an attempt to answer this.

This logic implies building more connections in an area like the North Sea, which hosts a great range of power sources through interconnections between UK, Norway, Denmark, Germany, and BeNeLux, and in the form of a growing number of offshore wind power plants (OWPPs). Towards an integrated solution Currently, interconnectors are built according to a point-to-point topology, i.e. power is transported from one country to another using a set of submarine cables with substations in two ports, one at each end of the cable. Examples of such interconnectors are NorwayDenmark, Norway-Netherlands, and the planned Norway-UK and Norway-Germany cables.

Positive results Within the NSG project, in addition to playing a leading role in the technical design of the suggested integrated solutions, DNV GL is the leader of the work package on cost & benefit calculations that includes qualitative and quantitative risk analyses. Our expertise in cost uncertainty made us the ideal choice for the leadership of this work package. The results indicate that it will indeed be more beneficial, for only a slight addition of risk, to implement the integrated designs for offshore grid in the North Sea.

Contact Muhammad.Jafar@dnvgl.com


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PERSONAL HIGHLIGHTS Felicity "Fliss" Jones Senior Consultant – Renewables Climate Change A highlight for me was using our world-leading renewables knowledge base as a platform to make recommendations on the Energy targets of the Sustainable Development Goals, on behalf of the International Council for Science (ICSU). The discussions deepened our insight into the unique energy drivers of developing markets – and gave DNV GL a great opportunity to contribute to the international debate.

Grunde Løvoll Senior Researcher Information Technology The ‘big data platform pilot’ was the most exciting project for me. We bought and installed a Hadoop system on the high performance computing cluster operated by GSS IT, working with our colleagues there and an external partner, Cloudera. I believe that this investment will build key big data capabilities and competence for DNV GL and the system will be the foundation for many exciting projects in 2015.


DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 31

Tore Kuhnle Senior Researcher Oil & Gas and Energy Systems My year was dominated by a deep-dive (so to speak) into the business case of the Subsea Factory as a field development concept. Determining how all the various bits and pieces work together caused lots of headaches through the year but it’s given us deeper insights into the limitations and strengths of the concept, lifting our knowledge to a system level. Look out for our position paper on the Subsea Factory in 2015!

George Dimopoulos Senior Researcher Maritime Technology I had the opportunity to develop and apply a novel methodology for the efficiency assessment and mapping of losses onboard ships. We used advanced thermodynamics to introduce a ‘common currency’ for efficiency, using exergy, which is the maximum useful work that can be derived from a process, component or a system. This methodology was then applied to real-world cases, assessing complex machinery systems for LNG carrier propulsion and novel technologies like fuel cells.


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PERSONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Bente Pretlove Programme Director Climate Change The Climate Change Programme has made great strides this year and it has been fantastic to be part of the journey. A particular highlight was the launch of our adaptation projects during the 150 year jubilee events. I’ve been able to meet customers and employees throughout the world and the feedback on the relevance and importance of our work has been great. This has really opened up the doors for exciting projects in 2015.

Ole Andreas Flagstad Principal Engineer Strategic Foresight I started with SR&I in May 2014 and was immediately involved in work around how DNV GL needs to consider the new data reality. One early task was to contribute with scenario competence for a Group Leadership Development-group working on big data. It was exciting to see how this topic popped up in the different corners of the organization and how the work we did contributed to coordinated decisions at CTO level by the end of 2014. I look forward to the next steps in 2015.

Bobbie Nicole Ray-Sannerud Senior Researcher Healthcare Being new to DNV GL, I’ve been exposed to exciting discussions with leading healthcare experts. This has inspired me to work with colleagues on a new research project that incorporates why some healthcare workers are more resilient than others. Focusing on what goes right, rather than on what goes wrong, personally motivates me in developing research that is applied and can have a rapid impact.


DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 33

Francois Ayello Principal engineer Materials programme It was motivating to see what used to be just an idea become a new business for DNV GL. The MARV project is capturing experts’ knowledge into Bayesian networks. This was such a challenge that when we started 3 years ago, we were not sure it would be possible. In 2014 we saw this project finally become a successful pilot. 2015 will be exciting too; DNV GL SR&I will handover MARV to multiple DNV GL business units across the globe.

Erik de Jong Principal Consultant Power Systems & Electrification I was excited to find that the hardware-in-the-loop test approach – which still needs to find its way into the power sector – is already at play elsewhere in DNV GL, such as vessel control code validation (performed by Marine Cybernetics) and wind turbine mechanical design validation (Renewable Advisory). The opportunities it brings for consolidation of expertise across DNV GL and for accelerated deployment of Power Cybernetics in the Flex Power Grid Lab for the power sector is as much motivational as it is exciting.

Yin Sun Power System Researcher Power Systems & Electrification For me, the highlight of the year is my exploration of three worlds: SR&I, Business and Academica. In the business area, I have helped our Middle East client develop and verify the world’s first complex custom made protection system called “Directional Power Scheme”. In the SR&I area, I was invited by the 2014 China Wind Power Conference Organisation to deliver a keynote speech on “Wind Power Grid Compliance”. In the academic arena, I have submitted a technical paper to the CIRED 2015 Conference featuring a smart distribution grid technology. All great opportunities to strengthen DNV GL’s thought leadership in the world's energy arena.


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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION The objective of the strategic research activities is to enable long-term innovation and business growth in support of the overall strategy of DNV GL. The activities will focus on technology and risk management trends, building new competence and foundation for new services in DNV GL and on ensuring early market positioning and branding of DNV GL as a recognised technology and risk management leader. Our efforts are aligned with DNV GL's vision of global impact for a safe and sustainable future.

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Objective: Investigate the impact of and build competence on emerging information technologies within DNV GL’s business. Themes: žž Autonomous Systems žž Big Data Analytics of Sensor Data

MARITIME TRANSPORT Objective: Contribute to safe and sustainable shipping through intelligent solutions. Themes: žž Ship Environment žž Ship Condition and Safety žž Ship Performance and Emissions


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OIL & GAS

HEALTHCARE Objective: To build knowledge in support of the transformational changes that need to happen for healthcare to be safe and sustainable.

Objective: Contribute to safer, smarter and greener oil&gas exploration and production while preparing DNV GL for a future change in the energy mix.

Themes:

Themes: žž Offshore Safety žž Safety and Reliability of the Subsea factory žž Energy Efficiency and Foresight

žž Patient safety žž Healthcare sustainability

POWER SYSTEMS & ELECTRIFICATION

MATERIALS

Objective: To build competence, methods and tools within electricity grids to achieve competitive advantage and leadership position.

Objective: To create new knowledge, tools, and business opportunities in the safe and sustainable use of materials.

Themes: žž Super Grid žž Smart Grid žž Storage

žž Materials in Energy Mix žž Risk Management of Corrodible Systems žž Advanced Materials and Sensors

Themes:

CLIMATE CHANGE Objective: Contribute with knowledge and tools that promote transformation to a low carbon future, build resilience and support adaptation to a changing climate. Themes: žž Resilience and Adaptation to climate change žž Transformation to a low carbon future

FORESIGHT Objective: Support the development of mid- to long-term strategic plans at corporate and regional level. Themes: žž Technology Outlook 2025 žž Implications of Big Data on business models for assurance services

Note: The Arctic Technology Research Programme transferred to business area Oil & Gas with effect 1 January 2015.


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A BROADER VIEW DNV GL celebarated its 150th aniversary in 2014, which also happened to be year one of the merged company. As important as looking back and celebrating, was looking ahead and focusing on the future.


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BETTER DECISIONS In DNV GL's 150th year, we explored six ‘themes for the future’ – areas where we could leverage our history and expertise to translate our vision into impact. We selected these themes as part of our efforts to take a broader view of the relationship between technology, business and society.

THE ARCTIC The decline of sea ice means that the Arctic is more accessible than ever before.

ADAPTATION TO A CHANGING CLIMATE The climate is already changing, and mitigation is no longer sufficient.

ELECTRIFYING THE FUTURE Electrification holds the potential to decouple society’s energy use from its greenhouse gas emissions.

THE FUTURE OF SHIPPING The drive for sustainability is rewriting the rules for all industries – and shipping will be no exception.

FROM TECHNOLOGY TO TRANSFORMATION A safe and sustainable future is technically possible.

A SAFE AND SUSTAINABLE FUTURE: ENABLING THE TRANSITION Business as usual is not an option.


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PUBLICATIONS ARCTIC TECHNOLOGY Special projects: The Arctic Competence Escalator (ACE) was a project based educational learning programme designed, planned and executed jointly by Statoil and DNV GL. The content was to a large extent based on input from the Arctic Programme. ACE ran from March 2013 to June 2014. Increased focus on Arctic projects and developments had identified needs to broaden Arctic competence in both companies. The project is interesting and nominated as a Special project for the Research review 2014 for the following reasons: It is an excellent example of cooperation with a customer on a topic of common interest. It addressed common strategies and similar ambitions of the two companies. It gave course participants a better understanding of the culture in the two companies, paving the way for better cooperation. It introduced selected Statoil and DNV GL employees to the particulars of oil and gas (O&G) activities in the Arctic. It demonstrated the advantage of splitting costs.

Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.

Author: H. Brenna Title: Numerical simulation of heat transfer from pipes Document Number: 2014-1572 Author: S. Kerkeni, X. Dal Santo, O. Doucy, P. Jochmann, A. Haase, I. Metrikin, S. Løset, N.A. Jenssen, T. Hals, A. Gürtner, P. O. Moslet and S. Støle-Hentschel Title: DYPIC project: technological and scientific progress opening new perspectives Document Number: 2014-P154 Notes: [Paper presented at] Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Arctic Technology Conference, 10-12 February 2014, Houston, Texas Author: P. Schütz Title: Dynamic routing through waters partially covered with sea ice Document Number: 2014-P091 Notes: [Proceedings of] Offshore Technology Conference, OTC, Arctic Technology Conference, 10-12 February 2014, Houston, Texas

High level events:

Author: A.S. Milakovic, S. Ehlers, M.H. Westvik, P. Schütz Title: Offshore upstream logistics for operations in Arctic environment Document Number: 2014-P093 Notes: [Published in] Ehlers et al. (eds.) Maritime-Port Technology and Development, London, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015

Arctic Frontiers, 19-24 January 2014, Tromsø, Norway Arctic Technology Day, 5 June 2014, Høvik, Norway Arctic Shipping Seminar, 17 June 2014, Washington D.C., U.S. Offshore Northern Seas, 25-28 August 2014, Stavanger, Norway Transatlantic Science Week, 27-29 October 2014, Toronto, Canada

Author: A. Kulyakhtin, O. Shipilova and M. Muskulus Title: Numerical simulation of droplet impingement and flow around a cylinder using RANS and LES models Notes: [Published in]: Journal of Fluids and Structures 48 (2014), pp. 280–294.

Papers and reports:

Author: O. Shipilova Title: Arctic Advances Notes: [Published in]: Adjacent Government Nov (2014), pp. 162-163

Author: O.-C. Ekeberg, K. Høyland and E. Hansen Title: Ice ridge keel geometry and shape derived from one year of upward looking sonar data in the Fram Strait Document Number: 2014-P107 Notes: [Published in] Cold Regions Science and Technology, Vol 109, January 2015, pp 78-86 Author: O.-C. Ekeberg, K. Høyland, E. Hansen and M. Tschudi Title: Reduction in the number and draft of ridges in the transpolar drift in the Fram Strait during 2006-2011 Document Number: 2014-P108 Notes: [Paper presented at] 22nd International Association of Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research, IAHR International Symposium on Ice, Singapore, 11.-15. August 2014 Author: E. Ross, D. Fissel, T. Mudge, A. Kanwar, D. Sadowy and O.-C. Ekeberg Title: The sensitivity of ice keel statistics to upward looking sonar ice draft processing methods Document Number: 2014-P020 Notes: [Paper presented at] Arctic Technology Conference held in Houston, Texas, U.S., 10.- 15. February 2014 Author: E. Hansen, O.-C. Ekeberg, S. Gerland, O. Pavlova, G. Spreen and M. Tschudi Title: Variability in categories of Arctic sea ice in Fram Strait Document Number: 2014-P109 Notes: [Published in] Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, Volume 119, Issue 10, pages 7175-7189, October 2014 Open access Author: K. Ørbeck-Nilssen, P. O. Moslet, B. J. Paaske P. N. Hoffmann and H. P. Dahlslett Title: A broader view: The Arctic: the next frontier Document Number: 2014-P009 Notes: Report published as initiative to mark a double milestone: DNV’s 150th anniversary and DNV GL’s first year as a merged company. Author: H. M. Thorsen Title: Simulation of ice gouging over pipelines using Abaqus CEL Document Number: 2014-1227 Pages: 69

Author: O. Shipilova Title: RigSpray: A new JIP to manage ice risk Notes: [Published in]: Frontier Energy, autumn 2014, pp. 14-15 Author: A. Suyuthi Title: BERGIMPACT: Iceberg collisions with fixed structures - Numerical tool for hydrodynamic analysis of free floating iceberg Document Number: 2014-1680 Author: O.-C. Ekeberg Title: Challenges for design for areas with low probability of encountering sea Document Number: 2014-P177 Notes: [Presented at] HMS i Nordområdene Arbeidsseminar 5 2.-3. Juni 2014, Norske Olje & Gass Internal distribution Presentations: Author: P. Schütz Title: On finding the optimal route in uncertain ice conditions Document Number: 2014-P092 Notes: [Presented at] DNV GL Seminar, Cooperation between Nordic Maritime Universities and DNV GL, 23-24 January 2014, Aalto University, Finland Author: P. Schütz Title: Preparedness logistics for Arctic offshore operations Document Number: 2014-P094 Notes: [Presented at] 20th Conference of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, IFORS 2014, 13-18 July, Barcelona, Spain. Author: O. Shipilova, O-C. Ekeberg Title: Ising (sjøsprøyt) på fartøyer, MARICE prosjektet Notes: [Presented at]: HMS i Nordområdene Arbeidsseminar 5 2-3 Juni 2014, Norske Olje & Gass Author: P.O. Moslet Title: Arctic offshore design practice – IceStruct JIP and the way forward Notes: [Presented at]: Arctic Oil and Gas conference, 5 March 2014, Stavanger, Norway


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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2014

Author: P.O. Moslet Title: DNV GL Arctic Technology – Status and Plans for Standards, Recommended Practices and Research Initiatives Notes: [Presented at]: RU-NO INTSOK conference, 4 September 2014, Stavanger, Norway Author: P.O. Moslet Title: Arctic Technology Projects - Focus on ice load design Notes: [Presented at]: Course arranged by Norwegian Association for Steel designers, 4 December 2014, Oslo, Norway Author: P.O. Moslet Title: Experiences with ISO 19906 - Highlights from the IceStruct JIP and the Barents 2020 Notes: [Presented at]: Course arranged by Norwegian Association for Steel designers, 4 December 2014, Oslo, Norway Author: P.O. Moslet Title: Arctic Resource Development - Our Common Balancing Act Notes: [Presented by Remi Eriksen at]: Arctic Frontiers, 20 January 2014, Tromsø, Norway Author: P.O. Moslet Title: The Arctic - The next risk frontier Notes: [Presented by Paal Johansen at]: Transatlantic Science Week, 28 October 2014, Toronto, Canada Author: A. Suyuthi and O. Shipilova Title: SAMCoT activities in DNV GL perspective Notes: [Presented at]: SAMCoT Scientific/PhD/PostDoc Seminar, 6-7 May 2014, Trondheim, Norway

HEALTHCARE Author: S. Leyshon Title: Accreditation: how to navigate – DNV GL experience Document Number: 2014-P155 Notes: [Presentation held at] International Hospital’s Federation, IHF, Hospital & Healthcare Associations Leadership Summit 2014, 13. November 2014, Seoul, Korea Author: S. Leyshon Title: Co-creating person-centred care – keynote Document Number: 2014-P156 Notes: [Presentation held at] DNV GL’s Healthcare Symposium 2014, 22.-24. October 2014, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S. Author: S. Leyshon Title: Co-creating person-centred care: the lauch of a new journey Document Number: 2014-P124 Notes: [Presentation held at] International Forum on Quality & Safety in Healthcare, Paris, 8.-11. April 2014 organized by Institute for Healthcare Improvement, IHI, and BMJ, formerly the British Medical Journal. Author: S. Leyshon Title: Person-centred care: co-creating a healthcare sector for the future Edited by: Erik Rasmussen, Kalle Jørgensen, Stephen Leyshon Document Number: 2014-P121 Notes: [Published in] cooperation with the think tank Monday Morning and Sustaina. Sustainia is an innovation platform where companies, NGOs, foundations, etc. come together to support and work with sustainable products and services. Published in both English and Chinese Author: S. Leyshon and E. Turk Title: Person-centred care. Towards a safer and smarter future Document Number: 2014-P126 Notes: [Presentation held at] 17th European Health Forum, EHFG; 1.-3. October 2014, Gastein, Austria Author: S. Leyshon Title: Physician leadership and the future: trends and challenges Document Number: 2014-P158 Notes: [Presentation held at] HealthAchieve 2014, 3.-5. November 2014, Toronto, Canada

Author: S. Leyshon Title: Scale and spread in quality healthcare Document Number: 2014-P157 Notes: [Presentation held at] Institute for Healthcare Improvement, IHI, 26th Annual National Forum on Quality Improvement in Health Care, 7.-10. December 2014, Orlando, Florida, U.S. Author: T. A. Listyowardojo Title: Safety culture for patient safety Document Number: 2014-1644 Notes: In English and Chinese Author: T. A. Listyowardojo, X. Y. Yu, M. Pytte Title: Safety culture survey results Document Number: 2014-1617 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: T. A. Listyowardojo, S. Leyshon, E. Turk, M. Lyons Title: Co-creating a culture favourable for patient safety Document Number: 2014-1646 Notes: Presented at: ISQUA Conference, 5.- 8. October 2014, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Author: T. A. Listyowardojo, M. Lyons, J. Foster, A. Holder, S. Leyshon, A. Orr Title: Safety culture assessment and organisational development: case study 4, hospital Document Number: 2014-1206 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: T. A. Listyowardojo, M. Lyons, J. Foster, S. Leyshon, A. Orr Title: Safety culture assessment and organisational development: case study 5, hospital Document Number: 2014-1210 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: T. A. Listyowardojo and B. N. Ray-Sannerud Title: Breaking the vicious cycle: Building the foundation for patient safety Document Number: 2014-P133 Notes: [Paper presented at] DNV GL Symposium, 22.-24. October 2014, Nashville, U.S. Author: S. Leyshon, E.Turk Title: Healthcare 2050: a vision of safer and smarter health services Document Number: 2014-P021 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 3-2014 Author: E. Turk Title: Co-creating a healthcare sector for the future Document Number: 2014-P161 Notes: [Presentation held at] Norwegian Knowledge Centre for Health Services, November 10, 2014 Author: E. Turk and S. Leyshon Title: International accreditation Document Number: 2014-P159 Notes: [Presentation held at] European Patients Forum, EPF, Workshop on Best practices for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement, 27th March 2014, Bucharest, Romania. The event is part the Joint Action on Patient Safety and Quality of Care, PaSQ Exchange Mechanisms Author: E. Turk and S. Leyshon Title: Making sure safety culture assessment benefits improvements efforts Document Number: 2014-P132 Notes: [Paper presented at] European Union Network for Patient Safety and Quality of Care, PaSQ Exchange Mechanism Conference on Quality and Safety Culture, 24.-25. November 2014, Zagreb, Croatia Author: E. Turk Title: Patient safety in cross-border care Document Number: 2014-P129 Notes: [Presentation held at] University of Maribor, Faculty of Medicine, March 28.-29. March 2014, Maribor, Slovenia


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PUBLICATIONS

Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.

Author: E. Turk, T. A. Listyowardojo and S. Leyshon Title: Patient safety culture Document Number: 2014-P160 Notes: [Presentation held at] European Patients Forum, EPF, Workshop on Best practices for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement, 27th March 2014, Bucharest, Romania. The event is part the Joint Action on Patient Safety and Quality of Care, PaSQ Exchange Mechanisms

Author: S. Leyshon and E. Turk Title: Global challenges and the power of PCC and risk based approaches Document Number: 2014-P207 Notes: [Presented at] Co-Creating Healthcare – International Roundtable – Shanghai. Roundtable event with international healthcare and health policy experts in Shanghai, China 28. October 2014

Author: E. Turk, S. Leyshon and M. Pytte Title: Person centered risk management Document Number: 2014-P127 Notes: [Presentation held at] 3rd Nordic Conference on Research in Patient Safety and Quality in Healthcare. NSQH 2014, 2.-3. October, Stavanger, Norway.

Author: S. McAdam, E. Turk and S. Leyshon Title: International accreditation Document Number: 2014-P204 Notes: [Paper presented at] European Patients Forum, EPF, Workshop on Best practices for Patient Safety and Quality Improvement, 27th March 2014, Bucharest, Romania. The event is part the Joint Action on Patient Safety and Quality of Care, PaSQ Exchange Mechanisms

Author: E. Turk, M. Pytte and S. Leyshon Title: Risk and systems thinking for person centred care: poster Document Number: 2014-P128 Notes: [Poster presented at] European Health Management Association, EHMA Annual Conference, Birmingham, 24. - 26. June 2014 Author: E. Turk, T. A. Listyowardojo, M. Pytte, S. Leyshon and S. McAdam Title: Taking stock: report of a european workshop on priorities in risk management for patient safety Document Number: 2014-P123 Notes: Report of the 2nd DNV GL Brussels Workshop 2014 Author: S. Leyshon Title: A futuristic vision of heathcare Document Number: 2014-P203 Notes: Interview based on Heathcare 2050 featured in European Voice Healthcare Newsletter, 10. April 2014 p. 17. Published online at European Voice website. Author: E. Turk, S. Leyshon, and M. Pytte Title: Patients’ safety in cross-border care Document Number: 2014-P202 Notes: [Published in] Medicina in pravo: sodobne dileme III; Univerza v Mariboru, Pravna Fakulteta, Maribor 2014. The book is bilingual: Slovene and English

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Author: O. V. Drugan Title: Autonomy and verification of autonomous systems Document Number: 2014-P116 Notes: [Presentation held at] Norsk Forening for Automatisering, NFA, Beslutningsstøttesystemer, 5.- 6. November 2014, Trondheim, Norway. Author: O. V. Drugan Title: Dynamic clustering in spars MANETs Document Number: 2014-P117 Notes: [Published in] Computer Communications, Article accepted for publication: 13. December 2014 Author: G. Løvoll and J. C. Kadal Title: Big data: the new data reality and industry impact Document Number: 2014-P023 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 4-2014 Author: J. Li, T. Skramstad, T. Coq Title: Interface specification tool for maritime and oil and gas Document Number: 2014-1152 Edition: Rev. 2

Author: S. Leyshon Title: Co-creating healthcare : Brussels - roundtable Document Number: 2014-P208 Notes: [Presented at] Creating Healthcare – International Roundtable – Brussels. Roundtable event with international healthcare and health policy experts in the European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium 18. November 2014

Author: T. Mestl and R. Torhaug Title: A broader view: From technology to transformation: foreword from Henrik O. Madsen; programme director: Rune Torhaug; lead authors: Thomas Mestl; Saya Kitasei Document Number: 2014-P015 Notes: Report published as initiative to mark a double milestone: DNV’s 150th anniversary and DNV GL’s first year as a merged company.

Author: S. Leyshon Title: Co-creation for a safe and sustainable future Document Number: 2014-P205 Notes: [Presentation held at] DNV GL’s 150 year anniversary celebration. Part of the dissemination of the Safe and Sustainable Future work Milan, Italy 30.05.2014

Author: T. Mestl, A. F. Christiansen, G. Psarros, P. Brown, N. Sridhar, B. Groen, N. Verhaegh, S. Brynestad, T. Folkestad, E. Turk, R. Torhaug Title: Transformative technology Document Number: 2013-1710 Edition: Rev. 00

Author: S. Leyshon Title: Person-centred care : co-creating a safer healthcare sector Document Number: 2014-P206 Notes: [Presented at] Health Management Asia, HMA2014, Cebu City, Philippines, 29. August 2014 Author: S. Leyshon Title: Person-centred care : Expert panel discussion Document Number: 2014-P209 Notes: [Presented at] Young Gastein Forum. Part of health policy expert panel Brussels, Belgium, 20. June 2014. The Young Forum Gastein initiative is a joint project of the International Forum Gastein, the European Commission Directorate Generals SANCO (Health and Consumers) and CONNECT (Communications Networks, Content and Technology) and the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. It is aimed at young professionals from across Europe who are working in the field of health.

Author: T. Mestl and G. Psarros Title: The dissemination of energy-efficient technologies in the maritime industry Document Number: 2014-P077 Notes: [Paper presented at] Institute of Automotive Mechanical Engineers, IAME Conference Norfolk 2014, VA, U.S., 15-18. July, 2014 Author: T. Mestl, A. Ulfsnes, s. Bergh, T. Møskeland, P. l. Rylandsholm Title: Use Case 2, long term environmental monitoring, FA5 analytics report Document Number: 2014-1656 Author: T. Mestl, A. Ulfsnes, T. Glette, P. l. Rylandsholm Title: Use case 1 part 2, measurements and modelling of particle dispersion in the water column, FA5 analytics report Document Number: 2014-1655


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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2014

Author: J. Xie, J. Li, K. Kvinnesland, S. Krøger, H.-J. Herpel, B. S. Johansen, P. Myrvang Title: MATTS, model-based testing of spacecraft on-board software: final report Document Number: 2014-1307 Edition: rev. 1.0 Author: T. Mestl, G. Løvoll Title: FRED, fuel related engine damage Document Number: 2014-0538 Edition: Rev. 2 Short Title: FRED, fuel related engine damage Notes: DNV GL report

MARITIME TRANSPORT Author: E. Bitner-Gregersen Title: Effect of intrinsic and sampling variability on wave parameters and wave statistics Document Number: 2014-P153 Notes: [Published in] Ocean Dynamics, Volume 64, Issue 11, November 2014, pp 1643-1655 Author: E. Bitner-Gregersen and B. Guo Title: Effect of ship forward speed on ship response statistics in extreme seas: OMAE2014-24695 Document Number: 2014-P076 Notes: [Paper presented at] 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2014, June 8 - 13, 2014, San Francisco, California, U.S. Author: E. Bitner-Gregersen Title: Recent developments of ocean environmental description with focus on uncertainties Document number: 2014-P016 Notes: [Published in] Ocean Engineering, available online 2. April 2014 Author: C. Chryssakis Title: A two-component heavy fuel oil evaporation model for CFD studies in marine diesel engines Document Number: 2014-P001 Notes: [Published in] Fuel, 2014, Vol 115, Issue January, pp 145-153 Author: C. Chryssakis Title: Alternative fuels for shipping: Pathways to 2050, 1-2014 Document Number: 2014-P113 Notes: [Presentation held at] The Motorship Propulsion & Emissions Conference, 21.-22. May 2014, Hamburg, Germany Author: C. Chryssakis Title: Alternative fuels for shipping: Pathways to 2050, 1-2014 Document Number: 2014-P114 Notes: [Presentation held at] Baltic and International Maritime Council, BIMCO, Annual Conference, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, April 2014 Author: C. Chryssakis Title: Climate of fear drives new fuel lines Document Number: 2014-P115 Notes: [Published in] Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA), Marine Power & Propulsion Supplement to the October 2014 edition of The Naval Architect magazine, pp 6-10 Author: G. Dimopoulos Title: Next generation energy management Document Number: 2014-P022 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 5-2014 Author: G. Dimopoulos, C. Georgopoulou, J. Stefanatos, A. Zymaris, N. Kakalis, A. Chiotopoulos, B.-J. Vartdal Title: COSSMOS, model development and implementation V: Complex Ship Systems Modelling and Simulation Document Number: 2013-9400 Edition: Rev. 2

Author: G. Dimopoulos, N. Kakalis and J. Stefanatos Title: Exergy analysis and optimisation of a marine molten carbonate fuel cell system in simple and combined cycle configuration Document Number: 2014-P102 Notes: [Proceedings of] 27th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2014, 15.-19. June 2014, Turku, Finland Author: C. Georgopoulou, S. Jain, A. S. Agarwal Title: ECFORM process modelling and simulation Document Number: 2014-9557 Author: C. Georgopoulou, N. Kakalis, A. Brandsæter, C. Chryssakis and M. S. Eide Title: Environmental impact and cost-effectiveness of CO2 reduction measures in multimodal trade routes: road and shipping Document Number: 2014-P135 Notes: [Paper presented at] Transport Research Arena Conference (TRA), 14.-17. April 2014, Paris, France Author: N. Kakalis and V. Bertram Title: Simulation-based design and optimisation for navy vessels and megayachts Document Number: 2014-P140 Notes: [Paper presented at] 9th International Conference on High-Performance Marine Vehicles, HIPER, 3.-5. December 2014, Athens, Greece Author: N. Kakalis, C. Georgopoulou, N. Sridhar, A. S. Agarwal, E. Rode and S. Jain Title: Multi-physics modeling of electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to formic acid: abstract and presentation Document Number: 2014-P138 Notes: [Paper presented at] Electrochemical Society Conference, 5.-9. October, Cancun, Mexico Author: K. E. Knutsen, G. Manno and B. J. Vartdal Title: Beyond condition monitoring in the maritime industry Document Number: 2014-P025 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 6-2014 Author: G. Manno Title: Conception of repairable dynamic fault trees and the resolution by the use of RAATSS, a Matlab toolbox based on the ATS formalism Document Number: 2014-P002 Notes: [Published in] Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Vol. 121, 2014, p. 250-262 Author: G. Manno, N. Kakalis and A. Zymaris Title: Automatic synthesis of fault trees from process modelling with application in ship machinery systems Document Number: 2014-P136 Notes: [Paper presented at] 12th Probabilistic Safety Assessment and Management, PSAM, Conference, 22.-27. June 2014, Hawaii, U.S. Author: A. Mountaneas, N. Kakalis, G. Dimopoulos and C. Georgopoulou Title: A model for the life cycle analysis of ships: environmental impact during construction, operation and recycling Document Number: 2014-P137 Notes: [Paper presented at] 2nd International Conference on Maritime Technology and Engineering, 15.-17. October 2014, Lisbon, Portugal Author: G. Psarros Title: Probabilistic modeling of navigation bridge officer’s behavior Document Number: 2014-P101 Notes: [Proceedings of] 2014 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence in Vechicles and Transportation Systems, IEEE SSCI CIVTS 2014, 9.12. December, Orlando, FL, U.S., pp. 135-139. Author: J. Stefanatos, G. Dimopoulos, C. Georgopoulou, A. Zymaris Title: COSSMOS, model development and implementation VI Document Number: 2014-9554


42 RESEARCH 42 RESEARCH REVIEW REVIEW 2014 2014

PUBLICATIONS

Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.

Author: J. Stefanatos, N. Kakalis and G. Dimopoulos Title: Model-based performance assessment and optimisation of waste heat recovery systems for containerships Document Number: 2014-P104 Notes: [Paper presented at] The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, RINA International Conference on the Design & Construction of Container Ships, 21.-22. May 2014

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: Changes in wave steepness and consequences for generation of rogue waves Document Number: 2014-P197 Notes: [Poster presented at] European Geosciences Union, EGU 2014, Vienna, Austria, 27. April -2. May 2014

Author: J. Stefanatos, N. Kakalis and G. Dimopoulos Title: Modelling and simulation of crudeoil tankers discharge operations Document Number: 2014-P103 Notes: [Proceedings of] 27th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2014, June 15.-19. 2014, Turku, Finland

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: Climate change and extreme waves in ship and offshore structure design perspective Document Number: 2014-P200 Notes: [Presentation held at] European Cooperation in Science and Technology, COST Conference: The Predictive Power of Marine Science in a Changing Climate, Institute of Oceanology, Sopot, Poland, 7.- 8. April 2014

Author: J. Stefanatos, N. Kakalis, G. Dimopoulos Title: A novel framework for dynamic modelling of integrated machinery systems Document Number: 2014-P105 Notes: [Paper presented at] 13th Conference on Computer Applications and Information Technology in the Maritime Industries, COMPIT’14, 12.-14. May 2014, Redworth, U.K. Author: J. Stefanatos, N. Kakalis, G. Dimopoulos, A. Zymaris and C. Georgopoulou Title: A general-purpose process modelling framework for marine energy systems Document Number: 2014-P106 Notes: [Published in] Energy Conversion and Management, Volume 86, October 2014, pp 325-339 Author: H. A. Tvete Title: ReVolt - Dette skipet er utslippsfritt og har ingen mennesker ombord Document Number: 2014-P147 Notes: [Published in] Teknisk Ukeblad, 20. September 2014 Author: H. A. Tvete Title: The next revolt Document Number: 2014-P145 Notes: [Published in] DNV GL Maritime Impact issue 02-2014, p. 18-23 Author: H. A. Tvete, C. Chryssakis, A. Brandsæter, O. Balland Title: Alternative fuels for shipping Document Number: 2013-V025 Notes: Published twice with different position paper numbering: Research & Innovation, Position Paper 17 DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 1-2014 Author: E. Vanem and E. Bitner-Gregersen Title: Alternative environmental contours for marine structural design: A comparison study: OMAE2014-23252 Document Number: 2014-P152 Notes: [Paper presented at] 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2014, June 8 - 13, 2014, San Francisco, California, U.S.

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen Title: EXTREME SEAS : Design for ship safety in extreme seas Document Number: 2014-P198 Notes: [Poster presented at] EC TRA Conference, Paris, France, 14.-17. April 2014 TRA (Transport Research Arena) is the major conference on transport in Europe, supported by the European Commission Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: Occurence of rougue sea states and consequences for maritime structures Document Number: 2014-P193 Notes: [Published in] Ocean Dynamics, Volume 64, Issue 10, October 2014, pp 1457-1468 This article is part of the Topical Collection on the 13th International Workshop on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting in Banff, Alberta, Canada October 27 - November 1, 2013 Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: Sea state conditions for marine structures’ analysis and model tests Document Number: 2014-P196 Notes: [Presentation held at] International Towing Tank Conference (ITTC) and International Ship and Offshore Structures Congress (ISSC), 2nd ITTC-ISSC Joint Workshop, Copenhagen, Denmark, 30th August 2014 Presented by ISSC 2015 Committee I.1: Environment Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: SHOPERA Work Process 1 : Task 1.1: Met-ocean description Document Number: 2014-P199 Notes: [Presentation held at] Energy Efficient Safe Ship Operation (SHOPERA) Workshop, Hamburg, Germany, 30th October 2014 Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: Some uncertainties associated with wind and wave description and their importance for engineering applications Document Number: 2014-P195 Notes: [Published in] Ocean Engineering, Volume 86, 1 August 2014, Pages 11–25

Author: B.-J. Vartdal and H. A. Tvete Title: ReVolt - the unmanned, zero emission, short sea ship of the future Document Number: 2014-P146 Notes: [Published in] DNV GL Container Ship Update no 01-2014, p. 24-29

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen et al Title: The North Sea Andrea storm and numerical simulations Document Number: 2014-P194 Notes: [Published in] Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, An Interactive Open Access Journal of the European Geosciences Union, Vol 14, Issue 6, 2014, pp 1407-1415

Author: A. Zymaris, E. Røde, N. Kakalis and G. Dimopoulos Title: Methods of computational modelling and simulation for the safety assessment of complex marine machinery systems: in Greek Document Number: 2014-P141 Notes: [Paper presented at] ELINT 2014 Annual Meeting, November 2014, Athens, Greece

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen, L. Garre, E. Vanem, L. I. Eide and P. Friis-Hansen Title: Uncertainties of climate modeling and effects on wave induced bending moment Document Number: 2014-P190 Notes: [Paper presented at] Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, SNAME Maritime Covention, Houston, Texas, USA 20.-25. October 2014

Author: E. Bitner-Gregersen and V. Shigunov Title: Energy efficient safe ship operation (SHOPERA) Document Number: 2014-P164 Notes: [Proceedings of] The Royal Institution of Naval Architects, RINA, Conference: Influence of EEDI on Ship Design, 24.-25. September 2014, London, UK


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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2014

Author: E. M. Bitner-Gregersen, T. Hørte, E. Vanem and L. I. Eide Title: Impact of climate change and extreme waves on tanker design Document Number: 2014-P187 Notes: [Paper presented at] Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, SNAME Maritime Covention, Houston, Texas, USA 20.-25. October 2014 Author: V. Shigunov and E. M. Bitner-Gregersen Title: SHOPERA Deliverable D1.1: Specification of adverse conditions Document Number: 2014-P201 Author: E. Vanem et al Title: A new Monte Carlo method for environmental contour estimation Document Number: 2014-P186 Notes: [Published in] Safety and Reliability : Methodology and Applications: Proceedings of the European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2014, Poland, 14.-18. september 2014. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-138-02681-0. Chapter 270, pp 2091 - 2098 Author: E. Vanem Title: E-maritime services for communication with class and for enhanced safety, security and environmental protection in shipping Document Number: 2014-P185 Notes: [Published in] International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, 2014, Vol 4, Issue 3, pp 234 - 252 Author: E. Vanem Title: eMAR services from a classification point of view Document Number: 2014-P192 Notes: [Presentation held at] Intermodal Europe EXPO 2014, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 11. November 2014 Author: E. Vanem Title: Possible e-maritime applications for improved safety, security and environmental protection in maritime transport Document Number: 2014-P189 Notes: [Paper presented at] 6th International Conference on Maritime Transport 2014, 25.-27. June 2014, Barcelona, Spain, pp 131-145 Author: E. Vanem Title: Spatio-temporal analysis of NORA10 data of significant wave height Document Number: 2014-P184 Notes: [Published in] Ocean Dynamics, vol 64, Number 6, June 2014, pp 879-893 Author: E. Vanem Title: Vessel operations cooperative solutions Document Number: 2014-P191 Notes: [Presentations held at] eMAR workshop: eMARITIME: Advanced Maritime Transport Information Management, Pireus, Greece, 27. May 2014 Author: E. Vanem, D. Yarmolenka and G. Korody Title: Ship port pre-arrival reporting and ship survey status as eMar services Document Number: 2014-P188 Notes: [Paper presented at] International Maritime and Port Technology and Development Conference, MTEC 2014, Trondheim, Norway 27-29 October 2014. [Published in] Maritime-Port Technology and Development – Ehlers et al. (Eds), 2015, Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-02726-8, pp 227-236.

MATERIALS Author: A. S. Agarwal Title: Analysis of solar pathways Document Number: 2014-P143 Notes: [Presentation held at] Solar Fuels Institute, SOFI Annual Meeting, 12.-14. June 2014, Sweden Author: A. S. Agarwal, D. M. Hill, B. Gully and R. Fioavanti Title: Efforts in Safety of Battery Systems Document Number: 2014-P144 Notes: [Presentation held at] U.S. Department of Energy Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, DOE OE, Energy Storage Safety Workshop, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 18. February 2014 Author: A. S. Agarwal, E. Rode, D. M. Hill, S. Guan and N. Sridhar Title: Electrochemical conversion of CO2 to useful products Document Number: 2014-P142 Notes: [Presentation held at] Solar Fuel Instiute / Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, SOFIJCAP Virtual Seminar on February 28th, 2014. Author: F. Ayello, N. Sridhar, G. Koch and V. Khare Title: Internal corrosion threat assessment of pipelines using Bayesian networks: NACE paper no: 3851 Document Number: 2014-P018 Notes: [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2014, 9.-13. March 2014, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. Author: F. Ayello, N. Sridhar, G. Koch and V. Khare Title: Probabilistic assessment of stress corrosion cracking of pipelines: NACE paper no. 4471 Document Number: 2014-P017 Notes: [Paper presented at] NACE Annual Corrosion Conference and Exposition, Corrosion 2014, 9.-13. March 2014, San Antonio, Texas, U.S. Author: L. Cao, S. Guan, N. Sridhar Title: Drag reducing approaches for shipping: final report Document Number: 2014-9475 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: L. Cao, N. Sridhar and F. Gui Title: Advanced materials in oil and gas production Document Number: 2014-P024 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 2-2014 Author: L. Cao, N. Sridhar Title: Advanced materials for oil and gas production: a literature review Document Number: 2014-9048 Author: C. Georgopoulou, N. Sridhar, A. S. Agarwal, S. Jain, E. Rode and G. Dimopoulos Title: A mathematical model for the electrochemical conversion of gaseous CO2 to liquid formic acid Document Number: 2014-P139 Notes: [Paper presented at] 2014 American Institute of Chemical Engineers, AICHE, Meeting, 16.- 21. November, Atlanta, US. Author: S. Guan Title: Monitoring (sensing) technology for lifecycle management of the hull structure of floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel Document Number: 2014-P083 Notes: [Presentation held at] Training class to the participates of life cycle management of hull structures JIP, 3-5th November 2014, Huston, U.S.


44 RESEARCH 44 RESEARCH REVIEW REVIEW 2014 2014

PUBLICATIONS Author: S. Guan, G. Ripley Title: Corrosion monitoring technology for integrity management of the hull structure of floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel Document Number: 2014-P084 Notes: [Presentation held at] Materials, Science and Technology (MS&T) 2014, October 12-16, 2014, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Author: S. Guan, L. Cao, F. Ayello, N. Sridhar and C. Taylor Title: Additive manufacturing - a materials perspective Document Number: 2014-P083 Notes: DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation - Position Paper, 7-2014 Author: S. Guan, K. E. Knutsen, N. Sridhar Title: Sensors for ship machinery monitoring Document Number: 2014-9257 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: S. Guan, G. Ripley Title: Monitoring technology for integrity management of the hull structure of floating production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel Document Number: 2014-P082 Notes: [Proceedings of] Materials, Science and Technology (MS&T) 2014, 12.-16. October, 2014, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Author: K. Hilgefort, S. Guan, F. Ayello, N. Sridhar Title: Internal corrosion risk assessment of refined oil pipeline using multi-analytic risk visualization Document Number: 2014-9550 Author: G. Koch, F. Ayello, V. Khare, N. Sridhar Title: Corrosion threat assessment of crude oil flow lines using a Bayesian network model Document Number: 2014-P019 Notes: [Proceedings of] Corrosion Conference & Expo, CORCON 2014, paper no. 14IC14, 12.-15. November 2014, Mumbai, India Author: G. Koch, F. Ayello, N. Sridhar and S. Jain Title: Quantitive assessment of corrosion probability - a Bayesian network approach Document Number: 2014-P081 Notes: [Published in] Corrosion, November 2014, Vol. 70, No. 11, pp. 1128-1147. Author: J. Swati, S. Guan, N. Sridhar Title: Risk assessment of refined oil pipeline using multi-analytic risk visualization Document Number: 2014-9549 Author: J. E. Ramirez and C.Taylor Title: Preventing corrosion failures Document Number: 2014-P165 Notes: [Published in] Advanced Materials and Processes, Vol. 172, August 2014, pp 15-17 Author: C. Taylor Title: Modelling corrosion atom by atom Document Number: 2014-P166 Notes: [Published in] Electrocchemical Society Interface, Vol 23, no 4, p 59, Winter 2014 Author: S. Guan Title: External corrosion risk assessment of QingJin Line using MARV: in Chinese Document Number: 2014-P175 Notes: [Presentaion held at] Department of Pipeline Integrity Management, West Pipeline Company, February 2014, Urumqi, China Author: S. Guan Title: Introduction to MARV - Multianalytic Risk Visualization: in Chinese Document Number: 2014-P173 Notes: [Presentaion held at] Department of Pipeline Integrity Management, West Pipeline Company, February 2014, Urumqi, China

Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.

Author: S. Guan, Title: MARV - Multi-analytic risk visualisation for TPD Development of a quantitative risk assessment method for reducing of pipeline third party damage: in chinese Document Number: 2014-P174 Notes: [Presentaion held at] Research and Development Department at West Pipeline Company, 10-2014, Urumqi, China

POWER SYTEMS & ELECTRIFICATION Author: J. van. der Burgt Title: STALLION - safety testing approaches for large lithiumion batteries: Risk analysis and safety testing procedures Document Number: 2014-P119 Notes: [Presentation held at] IEC Technical Committee 120: Electrical Energy Storage Systems, Working Group Meeting, IEC TC 120 WG 4-5, Paris, 24.-25. September 2014 Author: J. van der Burgt Title: Techno-economic impact analysis of electric vehicles on the transmission & distribution grid: The NEMO project Document Number: 2014-P118 Notes: [Presentation held at] Renewable Energy World Europe, REWE Conference, Kรถln, Germany 3.-5. June 2014 Author: S. Chen Title: A centralized reactive power compensation system for LV distribution networks Document Number: 2014-P080 Notes: [Published in] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems; Vol PP (Preprint), issue 99, 2014 Author: S. Chen Title: A mixed integer quadratic programming for dynamic economic dispatch with valve point effect Document Number: 2014-P079 Notes: [Published in] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems; Vol PP (Preprint), 2014 Author: S. Chen Title: Multi-agent system for distributed management of microgrids Document Number: 2014-P078 Notes: [Published in] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems; Vol. PP (Preprint), Issue 99, 2014 Author: S. Chen and S. C. Kuttan Title: PowerMatching City, a living smart grid demonstration Document Number: 2014-P090 Notes: [Presentation held at] Renewables Singapore International Energy Week, RE@SIEW /Asia Clean Energy Summit (ACES), Singapore, 28.-29. October 2014 Author: I. Dalen, M. Jafar, A. Yanushkevich, Y. Yang, K. Raabe-ร˜degaard Title: Low frequency AC transmission: LFAC report Document Number: 2014-1183 + 2014-1184 Edition: Rev. 002 Notes: DNV GL reg. nr. 18IZJ15-2 Appendix: Joint Industry project proposal: low frequency AC (LFAC) for future offshore transmission + Low frequency AC transmission (Power Point Presentation) Author: I. Gajic, N. Tidemand, Y. Yang Title: Full cost and benefit calculation: methodology Document Number: 2014-1664 Author: M. Jafar, R. de Graaff, Y. Yang, T. Bosma Title: Modelling requirements for studies performed during the life-cycle of an HVDC system Document Number: 2014-1395 Edition: Rev. 0


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DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2014

Author: M. Jafar, Y. Yang and A. Yanushkevich Title: Low frequency AC transmission for grid integration of offshore wind power Document Number: 2014-P095 Notes: [Paper presented at] 13th International workshop on large-scale integration of wind power into power systems as well as on transmission networks for offshore wind power plants, 11. - 13. November 2014, Berlin, Germany Author: E. de Jong Title: Microgrid control system architecture for improving energy efficiency and demand response integration: paper and poster Document Number: 2014-P150 Notes: [Paper presented at] International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, ICREPQ-14, 8. – 10. April, 2014, Cordoba, Spain Author: E. de Jong Title: Power Cybernetics - Validation and testing for grid acceptance using power-hardware-in-the-loop: paper and poster Document Number: 2014-P148 Notes: [Proceedings of] Proceedings of the 6h International Conference on Integration of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources, IRED, Kyoto, Japan, 17.-20. November 2014, pp. 5. Author: E. de Jong and G. Bloemhof Title: Thermal behaviour of low voltage cables in smart grid-related environments Document Number: 2014-P149 Notes: [Paper presented at] 5th IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) European 2014 Conference, 12.-15. October 2014, Istanbul, Turkey Author: E. de Jong and D. H. Liang Title: Validation and testing for grid acceptance using hardware-in-the Document Number: 2014-P087 Notes: [Paper presented at] International Conference on Electricity Distribution, CIRED Workshop, 11.-12. June 2014, Rome, Italy. Paper 0154 Author: E. de Jong and B. Tourgoutian Title: Evaluation of the performance of the DC-Link voltage controller of a grid-connected AC/DC-DC/AC emulator of grid disturbances Document Number: 2014-P151 Notes: [Proceedings of] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE Young Researchers Symposium, YRS 2014, 24.-25. April 2014, Ghent, Belgium Author: T. Langeland, M. Jafar, Y. Yang and L. M. Hytten Title: Technology qualification of offshore HVDC transmission systems Document Number: 2014-P096 Pages: 8 + poster Notes: [Paper and poster presented at] International Council on Large Electric System, CIGRE 2014 session, 24. - 29. August 2014, Paris, France Author: D. H. Liang and E. de Jong Title: A hierarchical coordination control of multiple energy storage in distribution network Document Number: 2014-P088 Notes: [Paper presented at] Solar Integration Workshop 2014: 4th International Workshop on Integration of Solar Power into Power Systems, 10.-11. November 2014, Berlin, Germany Author: D. H. Liang, C. W. H. Loke and K. L. Nguyen Title: A smart asset management method for offshore rigs and wind farms Document Number: 2014-P089 Notes: [Presentation held at] Renewables Singapore International Energy Week, RE@SIEW /Asia Clean Energy Summit (ACES), Singapore, 28.-29. October 2014

Author: T. Bosma, J. Bunschoten, C. Hewicker, M. Ebert, E. Benz, A. Jorge, J. Sandberg, G. Dekker, J. F. Sløtte, P. Raats, F. Bliek, F. Verheij and I. a. G. L. a. N. V. a. Bouwman Title: A broader view: Electrifying the future: foreword from Henrik O. Madsen; Theo Bosma; Jaap Buntschoten et al Document Number: 2014-P013 Notes: Report published as initiative to mark a double milestone: DNV’s 150th anniversary and DNV GL’s first year as a merged company. Author: S. Penate Vera Title: Methodology to dertermine the performance indicators of electrical grids that use back-up elements Document Number: 2014-P120 Notes: [Proceedings of] Young Researcher Symposium IEEE Benelux Chapter IAS/PES/PESC, 24. - 25. April, 2014, Ghent, Belgium Author: R. Smeets and A. Yanushkevich Title: Modelling and experimental verification of DC current interruption phenomena and associated test circuits Document Number: 2014-P085 Notes: [Paper presented at] International Council on Large Electric Systems, CIGRE, 2014 Session Technical Programme. Paris: Cigre, 2014, p. 1-13. Author: R. van Gerwen, A. Aldridge, H. de Heer, K. Spanka Title: SMART ENERGY: A vision for Europe Document Number: 2014-1681 Notes: This position paper discusses tipping points and barriers of Smart Energy concepts in Europe: smart meter allocation as part of wholesale settlements, value and cost of flexibility and penetration of solar and wind. Future Smart Energy developments need to focus on these three elements to capture the full potential of this concept. Author: Y. Sun, E. de Jong and H. Cleijne Title: Wind farm grid compliance review Document Number: 2014-P134 Notes: [Paper presented at] China Wind Power 2014, 22.-24. October, Beijing, China Author: F. Bliek and M. Volkerts Title: An introduction to the Universal Smart Energy Framework Document Number: 2014-P168 Notes: Published by The Universal Smart Energy Framework (USEF) Foundation. 2nd edition, 24. May 2014. The energy framework enables you to seamlessly co-create a fully functional smart energy system and provides an open and consistent framework of specifications, designs and implementation guidelines. Author: F. Bliek and M. Volkerts Title: Hooked! Fish for the future Document Number: 2014-P167 Notes: Story about smart energy framework, 2014. Published by The Universal Smart Energy Framework (USEF) Foundation Author: G. Sauba Title: Energy consumption/generation model: data collected, architecture conceived and scenarios addressed Document Number: 2014-P169 Notes: [Paper presented at] Energy Conference (ENERGYCON), 2014 IEEE International, pp 1243 - 1248, 13.-16. May, Dubrovnik, Croatia Author: G. Sauba Title: Economical evaluation of ecological benefits of the demand side management Document Number: 2014-P171 Notes: [Paper presented at] International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Application (ICRERA), 19.-22. October 2014, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. Author: G. Sauba Title: Energy and network models for the intelligent control of distributed systems. Document Number: 2014-P170 Notes: [Paper presented at] 16. International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference and Exposition (PEMC), 2014, 21.-24. September, Antalya, Turkey


46 RESEARCH 46 RESEARCH REVIEW REVIEW 2014 2014

PUBLICATIONS Author: J. Lemmens Title: PV in the Netherlands - potential & network integration Document Number: 2014-P180 Notes: [Presentation held at] EU PV SEC, Amsterdam, 23 September 2014 Author: J. Lemmens, J. van der Burgt and T. Bosma Title: Het potentieel van zonnestroom in de gebouwde omgeving van Nederland Document Number: 2014-P179, 14-1932 Notes: Public DNV GL publication in collaboration with “PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency”, August 2014 Author: B. Vet Year: 2014 Title: PV potentieel in Nederland & Zonne-energie voorspelling Document Number: 2014-P181 Notes: [Presentation held at] SunDay 2014, Arnhem, 7. October 2014

CLIMATE CHANGE Author: B. Quan Luna, D. Bratcher, L. Garrè and P. Friis-Hansen Title: Stormy Weather: assessing climate change hazards to electric power infrastructure: a Sandy case study Document Number: 2014-P097 Notes: [Published in] Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE, vol.12, no.5, pp.66-75, Sept.-Oct. 2014 Author: Y. Ylhäisi, L. Garrè, J. Daron and J. Räisänen Title: Quantifying sources of climate uncertainty to inform risk analysis for climate change decision-making Notes: [Published online on] Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2013.874987 Author: L. Garre, Ø. Hagen Title: Risk based adaptation of infrastuctures, offshore case study Document Number: 2014-0629 Edition: Rev. 1 Author: L. Garrè and B. Quan Luna Title: Risk-based adaption of infrastructures in Latin America Document Number: 2014-P183 Notes: [Presented at] Third International Climate Change Adaption Conference, Adaptation Futures 2014, 12.-16. May 2014, Fortaleza Ceará, Brazil Author: L. Garrè Title: Extreme value analysis of water levels in Arnhem Document Number: 2014-1633 Edition: Rev 0 Author: L. Garrè Title: Bivariate extreme value analysis of water discharges in Lobith and water levels in Arnhem Document Number: 2014-1634 Edition: Rev 0 Author: L. Garrè, B. Quan Luna Title: Probabilistic flooding assessment of High Power Laboratory in Arnhem Document Number: 2014-1636 Edition: Rev 0 Author: B. Libby and A. F. Christiansen Title: Increasing resilience of supply networks to climate change induced disruptions Document Number: 2014-P086 Notes: [Paper presented at] 32nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, 20.-24. July, Delft, Netherlands

Note: Only DNV GL authors are listed in this publications list. External authors may have contributed to some of these publications/articles. They are fully referenced in the official versions of these documents, available from the DNV GL library.

Author: A. F. Christiansen, D. Bratcher, E. Bitner-Gregersen, P. Friis-Hansen, L. Garre, B. Pretlove, B. Libby, B. Quan Luna, C. Urwin and K. Aalbu Title: A broader view: Adaption to a changing climate: foreword from Henrik O. Madsen; lead authors: Alexander F. Christiansen; Bente Pretlove Document Number: 2014-P012 Notes: Report published as initiative to mark a double milestone: DNV’s 150th anniversary and DNV GL’s first year as a merged company. Author: B. Quan Luna Title: Towards a Numerical Run-Out Model for Quick-Clay Slides Document Number: 2014-P099 Notes: [Paper presented at] INTERPRAEVENT International Symposium 2014, “Natural Disaster Mitigation to Establish Society with the Resilience”, November 25-28, 2014 in Nara, Japan. Author: B. Quan Luna, L. Garre and P. Friis-Hansen Title: Risk based adaptation of infrastructures to floods and storm surges induced by climate change Document Number: 2014-P098 Notes: [Paper presented at] European Geosciences Union (EGU)General Assembly 2014, 27. April - 02. May 2014, Vienna, Austria Author: B. Quan Luna, L. Garre and C. J. Mukherjee Title: Adaption of agricultural practices influenced by climate change induced droughts: Poster Document Number: 2014-P100 Notes: [Poster presented at] Third International Climate Change Adaption Conference, Adaptation Futures 2014, 12.-16. May 2014, Fortaleza Ceará, Brazil Author: B. Quan Luna, A. Dudek and B. Pretlove Title: Safeguarding society from the impacts of extreme weather Document Number: 2014-P178 Notes: [Published in] KLIMA magasin (CICERO). December 2014 Available online from: http://www.cicero.uio.no/webnews/index.aspx?id=12129

OIL & GAS Author: E. A. Hektor Title: Renewable energy in exploration and production of oil & gas resources: mapping of existing use of renewable energy in the oil & gas value chain Document Number: 2014-P063 Notes: Presented at an internal seminar for DNV GL Oil & Gas 6. October 2014 Author: E. A. Hektor, S. Lyngroth, T. I. Kuhnle, F. B. Pedersen Title: Deep sea mining, DNV GL opportunities Document Number: 2014-0519 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: E. A. Hektor, D. Millet Title: Deep sea mining: environmental impacts compared to onshore mining Document Number: 2014-P064 Notes: Presented at an internal seminar for DNV GL Oil & Gas 26th September 2014 Author: H. Bakhtiary-Davijany, T. Myhrvold, C. Markussen, K. F. Hanssen, F. B. Pedersen Title: The Statoil Subsea Factory: a system description Document Number: 2013-1319 Author: Marius Fernander, Lars-Martin Berglund, Koen van de Merwe, Solveig Pettersen, Helle Fløtaker Title: Management of non-technical barriers Document Number: 2014-1663 Author: Andreas Hafver, Tore Irgens Kuhnle Title: Norwegian Petroleum HSE Regulations, Mapping of content relevant for offshore operations and facilities Document Number: 2014-1637


DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION 47

DNV GL STRATEGIC RESEARCH & INNOVATION PUBLICATIONS 2014

Author: T. I. Kuhnle, H. Bakhtiary-Davijany, F. B. Pedersen, T. Myhrvold Title: The Subsea Factory, main challenges and gaps Document Number: 2013-1818 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: T. I. Kuhnle, F. B. Pedersen, T. Myhrvold Title: The Subsea Factory, market and sector description Document Number: 2013-1819 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: T. I. Kuhnle, F. B. Pedersen, T. Myhrvold Title: Risk & reliability of the Subsea Factory: Strategy for the Subsea Factory Document Number: 2014-0363 Edition: Rev. 1 Author: T. Myhrvold Year: 2014 Title: Qualification of subsea process technology Document Number: 2014-P172 Notes: Presentation part of the project “Risk & Reliability of the Subsea Factory”, see also DNV GL report 2014-0363 Author: T. Myhrvold, T. I. Kuhnle, Ø. Grande, F. B. Pedersen Title: On modelling in subsea process technology qualification: part I Document Number: 2014-1113 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: A. Hafver, D. V. Lindberg, I. Jakopanec, E. Sælen, D.Hanea, F. B. Pedersen Title: Guideline for uncertainty management in QRA Document Number: 2014-1674 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: A. Hafver, D. V. Lindberg, I. Jakopanec, E. Sælen, D. Hanea, F. B. Pedersen Title: Management of uncertainty in offshore safety Document Number: 2015-0002 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: K. H. Næss, D. V. Lindberg Title: Life cycle management of offshore safety: Pre-project summary report Document Number: 2015-0037 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: E. A. Hektor, A. L. Koefoed, K. Djønne, P. Friis-Hansen Title: Documenting the Regulatory Outlook Project, year three, 2013 Document Number: 2013-1720 Edition: Rev. 0 Author: J. Brown et al Title: HiPerCap: A new FP7 project for development and assessment of novel and emerging post-combustion CO2 capture technologies Document Number: 2014-P176 Notes: [Published in] Energy Procedia, Vol 63, 2014, pp 6166-6172 HiPerCap is a new FP7 project for development and assessment of novel and emerging post-combustion CO2 capture technologies. DNV GL is responsible for developing a new method for assessment and benchmarking the new technologies. The project was started in Februay 2014 and is scheduled for 4 years. SR&I is project sponsor, whereas project management and main work is carried out by DNV GL Oil & Gas CCS unit at Høvik and Clean Fossil Power unit in DNV GL Energy in Arnhem.

LOW CARBON FUTURE Author: C. Hultmann and A. L. Koefoed Title: A broader view: A safe and sustainable future: enabling the transition: foreword from Henrik O. Madsen Document Number: 2014-P010 Notes: Report published as initiative to mark a double milestone: DNV’s 150th anniversary and DNV GL’s first year as a merged company. Author: A. L. St. Clair Title: A safe and sustainable low carbon future: the role of integrated research for saliency, credibility and legitimacy Document Number: 2014-P110 Notes: [Paper presented at] Workshop: Research and Innovation as Sources of Renewed Growth: Climate + Growth = True. Mission of Norway to the European Union; Norway House, Brussels, 10. October 2014 Author: A. L. St. Clair Title: The four tasks of development etics at times of a changing climate Document Number: 2014-P112 Notes: [Published in] Journal of Global Ethics, Volume 10, Issue 3, 2014, pp 283-291 Author: A. L. St. Clair Title: The social heart of global environmental change Document Number: 2014-P111 Notes: [Published in] Nature Climate Change, Vol 4, August 2014, pp 653-655


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DNV GL Driven by its purpose of safeguarding life, property and the environment, DNV GL enables organisations to advance the safety and sustainability of their business. DNV GL provides classification and technical assurance along with software and independent expert advisory services to the maritime, oil & gas and energy industries. It also provides certification services to customers across a wide range of industries. Combining leading technical and operational expertise, risk methodology and in-depth industry knowledge, DNV GL empowers its customers’ decisions and actions with trust and confidence. The company continuously invests in research and collaborative innovation to provide customers and society with operational and technological foresight. DNV GL, whose origins go back to 1864, operates globally in more than 100 countries with its 16,000 professionals dedicated to helping their customers make the world safer, smarter and greener. DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation The objective of strategic research is through new knowledge and services to enable long term innovation and business growth in support of the overall strategy of DNV GL. Such research is carried out in selected areas that are believed to be of particular significance for DNV GL in the future. A Position Paper from DNV GL Strategic Research & Innovation is intended to highlight findings from our research programmes.

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DNV GL research review 2014  

DNV GL strategic research & innovation: Capturing our future

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