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Defending

DATA The Dart researches how data breaches and data monitoring alike put sensitive information at risk and how citizens in the digital age can protect their data from being stolen.

City, MO| Volume 78, Issue 6


30

table of

contents

28 6

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March 14, 2019

30

News

4. The prevalence of gun violence in Kansas City

28

Perspectives

6. Caroline Scofield

21. Toxic masculinity hurts young men 22. School should start later 23. Growing up in KC

A&E

Sports Feature

Reviews

Community

Features

Last Look

Star Spotlight

9. Reader's Theater is introduced to STA 10. "While We Wait" 11. Food trucks in KC

24. JV dance team plans a showcase 26. The Windmill Project promotes clean water

12. The repurcussions of 28. What to do in KC on the digital age Spring Break 14. The environmental impact of spring break Photo Story 30. Thrift stores in Kansas Centerspread City Cover designed by Amy Schaffer 16. Securing user data


letter

from the editors Dear lovely readers, We hope that by the time you’re reading this Kansas City has emerged from its neverending winter and you're ready for spring break. Though we’ve lost many days to the snow, your Dart staffers have once again been hard at work on our second-to-last issue. In the wake of recent data breaches and instances of tech companies such as Facebook, selling its users’ personal data, more people are beginning to question their online privacy. Anna Ronan and Julia Kerrigan tackled this complex topic in their centerspread about data mining and privacy. Carmon Baker took on another difficult topic this month: gun violence in Kansas City. Check out her news coverage with data compiled by Julia Kerrigan. Our two feature stories this month explore issues that are especially relevant to teenagers. The first, written by Olivia Powell, delves into ideas of digital citizenship and the repercussions

of what you post. The next feature, written by Anabelle Meloy, brings to light the potentially negative aspects of spring break trips, with supplementing alternative coverage by Ella Norton. For our Arts and Entertainment section, Sophia Durone explored the first year that STA debuted the Reader’s Theatre production. For reviews, the lovely Claudia Benge gives us her thoughts on Kehlani’s new EP, “While We Wait,” and Tess Jones reviews our local food trucks. In sports coverage, Faith Andrews-O’Neal wrote a profile on the JV dance team, a newly established team at STA. Did you know that Caroline Scofield professionally takes photos at concerts around town? Check out Star Spotlight to learn more about one member of our endlesslytalented student body. We hope you find wonder in each of our pages this cycle and can sense the love we put into our craft. As always, look out for more content on DartNewsOnline and get ready for our final issue of the year coming April 30. With love,

the staff 2018-2019 Editors-In-Chief Julia Kerrigan Margaux Renee Gabby Staker

WEB

Web Editor Lily Hart Social Media Editor Katie Gregory Social Media Team Maggie Hart, Tess Jones, Rachel Robinson Breaking News Editors Sophia Durone, Mary Massman Multimedia Editor Aspen Cherrito

PRINT

Design Editor Anna Ronan Photo Editors Amy Schaffer, Maddie Loehr Page Designers Anna Ronan, Gabby Staker, Julia Kerrigan, Margaux Renee, Claire Smith, Ella Norton, Amy Schaffer, Maddie Loehr, Lily Hart, Katie Gregory, Olivia Powell, Mckenzie Heffron, Rachel Robinson, Tess Jones, Faith Andrews O'Neal

COPY

Features Editor Ella Norton News Editor Annabelle Meloy Lifestyles Editor Kendall Lanier Opinion Editor Faith Andrews O'Neal Sports Editor Claudia Benge Staff Photographers Maggie Hart, Grace Fiorella Staff Writers Carmon Baker, McKenzie Heffron, Beatrice Curry, Olivia Powell, Olivia Wirtz Adviser Riley Cowing designed by Ella Norton

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NEWS Editorial Policies

Ownership and Sponsorship

DartNewsOnline and the Dart are created by the student newpaper staff and are maintained and published by general operating funds of St. Teresa's Academy, a Catholic institution frounded by the Stisters of St. Joseph of Carondelet. DartNewsOnline and the Dart will not publish opinions that contradict the teachings and beliefs of the Catholic church, whether on a diocesan or worldwide level.

Editorial Policy

The Staff of DartNewsOnline and the Dart are subject to prior review by the St. Teresa's Academy administrative team in circumstances that concern Catholic doctrine, student safety or illegal behavior. DartNewsOnline and the Dart will not publish reviews of sudent work or performances. Personal columns reflect the opinions of the writer, not necessarily the staff or school.

Letters & Reader Interaction Policy

DartNewsOnline and the Dart encourage the community to post comments on the website. Letters to the editors can be sent in the following ways: in person to Riley Cowing in Goppert room G106; by mail to St. Teresa's Academy, Attn: Riley Cowing, 5600 Main Street, Kansas City, MO 64113; by email to rcowing@sttersasacademy.org or to dartpaper@gmail.com. DartNewsOnline and the Dart reserve the right to edit or shorten letters for publication.

A police car sits outside the Plaza Tivol store as part of the area’s security system March 2. During the Oct. 17 Plaza shooting, security captured the gunmen quickly since multiple policemen were surveying the area at the time. photo by Amy Schaffer

guns shape and shock kansas city

Gun violence is becoming more common in the Kansas City area. Recent shootings have occured in places like the Plaza and the Central Academy of Excellence.

Police Department, in 2018, there were 135 homicides in Kansas City. Out of these homicides, 129 were committed by guns. Shootings are becoming more common in the Kansas City area, as are gun-related deaths. In 2015, there were 109 homicides, 91 of which were committed using guns. Comment Policy Story by Carmon Baker In 2014, 76 homicides occured DartNewsOnline and the Dart encourage in Kansas City — 62 of which Writer readers to comment on all posts. were gun-related. Avila University However, DartNewsOnline and the Alternative coverage by junior Hanna Ly was in class when Dart reserve the right to monitor and Julia Kerrigan | Editor-in-Chief her friends texted her about a edit all comments on DartNewsOnline. Comments that disagree with the t was 8:15 p.m. Tuesday, Feb. shooting on the Plaza Oct. 17. editorial policy will not be published. 12, and Anjanique Wright “I was in disbelief because Photo Use Policy was leaving a girl’s basketball it was at a place that was very Photo illustrations are conceptual photos game at the Central Academy close to us,” Ly said. “The Plaza that combine drawing and photography. of Excellence in Kansas City. is a pretty well-kept area. It’s All photos on the website are free for Suddenly, shots rang out, and very nice, it’s very modern. A public use. If a reader is interested in Wright was hit with a bullet. bunch of people from different high-quality copies of photos, please She was transported to a local backgrounds, from all over Kansas email DartNewsOnline at hospital, where she later died. City, come to hang out there. So dartpaper@gmail.com. Recently, Wright is not the the fact that there was a shooting Corrections policy only one in Kansas City who has there was just very surprising. It’s DartNewsOnline and the Dart will publish died because of gun violence. part of my city, so I didn’t expect corrections as soon as possible after the According to the Kansas City error is discovered. for open gunfire to be there.”

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After class, Ly traveled to the Plaza to meet up with her friends. Upon arrival, she found that there were police cars blocking roads and that most of the shops had closed for the day. “The Plaza did take measures in shutting down their stores, which I thought was very awesome that they prioritized their employees,” Ly said. “A lot of shops there were on lockdown or they were just closed.” Since the shooting, Ly has not been hesitant to return to the Plaza. She still feels safe there because of how the Plaza security and police handled the violence that occurred. “I didn’t really think about it as much after it happened because they had caught the guy that opened fire,” Ly said. “That actually made me feel relieved because they caught him so fast. That really helped me. It’s the fact that knowing that the Plaza security is better than I thought.” Shootings are now becoming part of everyday life for some people, such as the University of Missouri, Kansas City junior Bailey Nguyen. Nguyen was at work at a pharmacy in Northeast Kansas City last year when there was a drive-by shooting. “Less than a block down, there was a drive-by shooting, and a guy got killed, and he was just in the middle of the road with caution tape around him,” Nguyen said. “My friend took the trash out at the end of the day and saw it.” Nguyen also traveled to the Plaza after the shooting that occurred there. Like Ly, the

shooting shocked her. “It was scary because it’s the closest shooting that happened in proximity around the Kansas City area,” Nguyen said. “Being on the Plaza after, it was scary walking around because you don’t know if [the shooter’s] around the corner.” Since the shooting, Nguyen has felt more unsafe on the Plaza. “If something already happened there, you’re going to think that there’s reason for it to happen again,” Nguyen said. Despite the violence, individuals in Kansas City still own guns. Local student Lexi Foster says both her parents own guns, as well as her brother. Foster says that,

even with all the gun violence in Kansas City, she still feels comfortable with her parents owning guns. “Yeah, [I feel safe], especially since my parents’ guns aren’t just in a cabinet somewhere,” Foster said. “My mom has a fingerprint safe, so it has to be her to open the safe.” However, Foster agrees that the amount of gun violence in Kansas City is affected by how many people own guns. According to CBS News, 27.1 percent of people who live in Missouri own guns, and 32.2 percent of Kansas citizens own guns. “The more people who have guns, the more chance there is that those people aren’t responsible with them,” Foster said. Along with the shooting on the Plaza, there was also a shooting at the Oak Park Mall Dec. 26.

However, Foster says she still feels comfortable going to places like these where there have been recent shootings. “Anywhere you go, there is always a chance that something is going to happen,” Foster said. “If it happens really frequently, then I would feel really uncomfortable and not want to go there, but if it’s not a very frequent thing, you just have to take your chances anywhere you go. Anything that’s public — there’s a chance that something bad happens.” Among this time of increased violence in Kansas City, Foster thinks that it is more important to focus on what is causing the violence rather than gun control itself. “We shouldn’t really be worrying about the guns themselves, but we should be focusing more on what’s causing the violence,” Foster said. “We should be focusing more on the people that try and use those guns to harm others. In my opinion, the guns aren’t the problem, it’s the people because they are making those decisions with the guns.” According to Ly, despite the fact that gun violence is terrible, she hopes that it can help bring the community together and figure out how to solve the debate on gun usage. “The Plaza is a notorious place for people to go and protest,” Ly said. “Whenever people do hold protests, whatever side of the spectrum you are on, it is solely because they want the betterment of humankind, whatever their opinion may be. Whenever something tragic happens, something greater does benefit from it in a sense. I’m not saying that bad things should happen. I’m just saying that, at the end, good will always prevail.” designed by Julia Kerrigan

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STAR SPOTLIGHT

Caroline SCOFIELD Junior Caroline Scofield began her passion for photography during grade school and it has since escalated into taking pictures for local artists at venues such as The Truman.

Story by Aspen Cherrito Multimedia Editor

Junior Caroline Scofield looks through her camera at the photos she has taken. Scofield takes concert photos of performers at the Truman which the Truman then uses for their social media. photo by Kendall Lanier

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hat’s your background in photography? My uncle works for Canon in New York so he got [me] my first camera when I was around sixth or seventh grade. At first, it was a lot of landscape photography, but I really wanted to do a lot more. I was into the action, and I love music so I felt like that would be a perfect idea. Could you explain what you are doing with photography? Right now I am a house photographer for the Truman which is a venue in downtown Kansas City. My photos from those shows go to the Truman social media. I am getting experience and photos for my portfolio while helping them out. Michael I also do a couple Byrnes of local artists, first from Mt. Joy sings Fridays, school shows and plays and stuff like that. the guitar at the Truman Feb 13. Before each show Scofield gets her photo pass from the box office. photo by Caroline Scofield

How did you get into taking pictures for local artists and the Truman? I just saw an ad on social media where you could apply and you would be able to shoot these shows. A lot of what it comes to with music photography is emailing as many people as you can. I emailed them and Rapper Lil Baby performs at the Truman on Aug. 21, 2018. This was Scofield’s first show with the Truman. photo by Caroline Scofield

sent them a small portfolio, since at the time I didn’t have a huge one, and they said yes and put me in the system. The local ones just started out with emails too. I reached out to as many people as I could. I reached out to the company who is running Flyover and I’m talking to them right now about a photo pass for the Cardi B and 21 Savage concert. Once you know someone it leads you to three more people. It’s all about knowing people and not being afraid to meet new people. Do you get paid for taking concert pictures? Right now I am just trying to build my portfolio before I go to college before I can start doing some paid stuff. I do some now, but it’s not as big as a big venue show. If I talk to people and tend to say, “If you give me a photo pass I’ll let you use all these photos for your social media,” they are more likely to say yes. Could you describe your typical night when you have an event? My typical night is me trying to get there when the doors open, just in case there are any problems or the performer goes on early. I get there, go to the box office, get my photo pass, show them my I.D., and then go in and try to get some water and talk to the security guards to make sure [they] are on the same page as I am. I try to talk and to meet new people at the

Truman and for most shows, I take pictures of the first three songs of every performer, so I’ll go shoot the first three songs in the pit and try to go to the back or the sides and take some pictures there. What are your least favorite parts of taking pictures? My favorite part would be getting there and being in the atmosphere and being able to talk to people before the show. I also love seeing how my photos turn out and editing them just because sometimes I can have really bad ones and some amazing ones. My least favorite part is not happening as much anymore as it used to but getting nervous. I used to get really nervous that my photos aren’t going to turn out good because I am working for someone. If I don’t have any good photos, that is bad for who I am working for. I am always scared that the lighting is going to be bad too. Do you think you’ll pursue a career in this? For sure. It’s a hard industry to find a good paying job, but with being around music and stuff I have really looked into music PR and the music business. What is something you would like to tell people looking to get into this? I would just say don’t be afraid to contact as many people as you can. Send as many emails as you can and start up a portfolio. I want to start an Instagram page but just haven’t gotten myself around to it. Get to know people and meet as many people as you can when you go to shows. Get their social media to make sure you can get as many connections as you can.

designed by Gabby Staker

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BITS AND PIECES

Senior Anne Claire Tangen, from left, junior Cece Batz, smile as senior Olivia Rose holds the windmill prototype on top of the Windmoor Center for “The Windmill Project”, March 6.

PHOTO OF THE ISSUE The Dart chooses a staffer’s photo to be featured each month. Photo by Claire Smith|Writer

“I’m running the mile for “I came home one day from the fourth time today school and my mom had made because I can’t get it me a cookie cake with tons under seven minutes.” of frosting on it for no reason! It - Carlie Duus, junior made my day.” - Caroline Willis , junior Compiled by Olivia Wirtz Writer

my life rocks

my life sucks in the news: national local

global

Over a 1,000 people have signed a petition to address Archbishop Joseph Naumann and school Superintendent Kathy O’Hara from St. Ann’s Catholic School. The school recently refused to admit a same-sex couple’s child, claiming it went against the Church’s view on marriage and seeking guidance from the Archdiocese of Kansas City.

President Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un met in Vietnam March 2. Kim did not agree to the bargain proposed by Trump to trade all nuclear weapons in exchange for the end of the American-led sanction. This is a similar deal that has been proposed and rejected for the last quarter of a century.

Compiled by Ella Norton|Features Editor

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designed by Tess Jones

March 2, NASA and SpaceX launched the first American shuttle capable of carrying astronauts since space shuttles were retired in July 2011. There were no people on the “Crew Dragon” but Elon Musk, founder of SpaceX, hopes to send people up by the end of the year. The shuttle is scheduled to leave after five days on March 8.


A&E

Reader’s Theatre presents brief performances STA incorporates a new, week-long acting production into its theater season.

Story by Sophia Durone Breaking News Editor

Sophomore Elizabeth Parra performs her monologue during rehearsals for STA’s first Reader’s Theatre: “SEVEN.” It took place March 8 in the auditorium. photo by Olivia Wirtz

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heater teacher Shana Prentiss attentively listens to an eager group of students interpreting the monologues of Annabella DeLeon, Farida Azizi and five other women represented in the documentary play, SEVEN, while sitting in the center of the auditorium seats after school on a Monday. As she observes the students’ rhythmic readings and vocal fluctuations, Prentiss is already imagining what the group will look like performing in front of an audience only four days from then, on Friday in STA’s new spring show: Reader’s Theatre. Debuting March 8, Reader’s Theatre is a week-long play that allows students to hone their acting abilities by performing onscript and without typical staging elements such as costumes and lighting. Prentiss introduced the concept to STA to increase theater participation and give performers a new experience. “I love the three productions that we do, but I wanted to find a way to add something else to it,” Prentiss said. “The beauty of Reader’s Theatre is that the rehearsal period is so short so we decided, you know what, let’s try it,” Prentiss said. “The idea is that you get the essence of the story, but you do it without

costumes, light, makeup and all of those things. It’s more about doing a vocal interpretation of the material than it is about full-out acting.” Interested in challenging herself as a performer with Reader’s Theatre, senior Lauren Daugherty has decided to participate after being a part of every musical, play and Student Production at STA since she worked sound crew her freshman year. She believes the show will encourage a different performance skill set from what she is used to. “I am very excited to, if I do get cast of course, see how quickly I am able to research and develop the character in just a week,” Daugherty said. In addition to time constraints, Daugherty believes the structure of SEVEN will also pose an acting challenge for participants. SEVEN features an hour of interwoven monologues all based off the stories of seven women from the Vital Voices Global Partnership, an international network that financially supports women with leadership visions, who have profoundly impacted their respective communities. Sophomore Arwen Dickson believes the diverse and storytelling aspects of SEVEN will

draw viewers into Reader’s Theatre in a different way from a typical production. “I feel like it will impact people in a degree more similar to a public speaker, rather than a traditional play like Letters to Sala, and definitely a stark contrast to a show like Spamalot,” Dickson said. Prentiss believes the feminist themes of the script will interest audiences. “I love the idea of it being female-centered with female playwrights,” Prentiss said. “We do not see enough work from female playwrights in this country, so I’m trying to do everything I can to promote these amazing women out there who are writing pieces.” No matter the type of script Reader’s Theatre takes on in coming years, Prentiss hopes SEVEN and future productions will first and foremost allow more students to involve themselves in STA theater. “It is hard to do a full play that’s focused on diversity because I don’t have that many students that are coming to audition for it,” Prentiss said. “But maybe we could get kids that could commit to one week — I would love to do that.”

designed by Lily Hart

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REVIEWS

Kehlani DELIVERS Emotion

Kehlani features Musiq Soulchild and Ty Dolla $ign on her new album “While We Wait.”

Story by Claudia Benge Sports Editor

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hen adding music to my playlist, I could easily spend an hour searching for songs. I need that special something from a song to click add. But as a shock to myself, five of the nine songs on Kehlani’s new album While We Wait have made the cut. It’s a shorter album, but the emotional weight is jam-packed into the nine songs. Listener beware: While We Wait will reach to the deepest part of your soul. These songs will most likely not be added to your early morning playlist. The heartbreak and tribulation of love Kehlani addresses combined with her sultry voice will leave you vulnerable to a good cry. That sultry R&B voice of Kehlani rushes into your ears immediately from the first track “Footsteps (feat. Musiq Soulchild).” It opens with the sound of the ocean. I wouldn’t have expected this sound effect, but listening further, the sound of rushing water matched perfectly with the flood of emotion behind the lyrics. The next two tracks follow a faster pace and have more of a pop tone. “Too Deep” has a repetition of words, but Kehlani’s vocals shined through in “Footsteps.”In both songs it didn’t feel as if Kehlani was conveying a story, rather forcing a song together. “Nunya (feat. DOM KENNEDY)” was not one of my

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favorite tracks upon first listen. Kehlani is usually associated with soulful music and I didn’t appreciate the pop undertone. But, the more I listened to Kehlani’s vocals and the message of self-independent success, the song grew on me. Kehlani makes it clear she isn’t messing around on her track “Morning Glory.” The lyrics “if you don’t want me at my goodnight, then you can’t have me at my morning glory” play on the pop culture term “if you didn’t love me at my worst, you can’t have me at my best.” Kehlani talks about the pressure she faces from her partner. She feels the need to keep on her makeup, nails, etc. on while sleeping just to keep up her appearance in the morning. I think anyone can relate to the expectations of appearance in society, and further connect to the song. I didn’t hear anything special on the track “Feels” — it sounded like another song about love and struggle. The same can be said for “RPG (feat. 6LACK),” but Kehlani’s vocals on this track showcase her talent and the range of her voice. “Nights Like This (feat. Ty Dolla $ign)” is easily one of my favorites on the album. The song reached number 30 on the

Billboard Charts, with the potential to rise. The opening lyrics caught my attention, but the drop after the opening holds it. This song will truly give you all of those feels you expect from a Kehlani song. The album ends with “Butterfly” and “Love Language.” Both songs go back to the core story of a young love while contrasting different perspectives. “Butterfly” describes the flirty and fun feeling in your stomach, but takes on a serious note addressing someone afraid of love. “Love Language” tells a different story of someone willing to dive in and work on a relationship. Overall I would give this album 3.5 stars. Kehlani holds a teen to young adult audience. With that said, I think Kehlani’s audience will be more attracted to the catchy tunes on the album, instead of the soul behind her music. I don’t think that everyone in her younger audience will be able to fully grasp the complex emotions of heartbreak, which doesn’t do justice to the emotion Kehlani poured out on “While We Wait.”


FOOD TRUCK FRENZY

Food Trucks are very common now, so I decided to eat at three of the most popular trucks in the Crossroads.

Story by Tess Jones | Instagram Edior Graphic by Claire Smith | Writer

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alking through the Crossroads, you can usually find an array of different food trucks offering people different quick meals. While in the Crossroads for First Fridays, my friends and I decided to try out the first three food trucks we saw, Greg-Co BBQ LLC, Hamburgesa Loca, and Gyro Express. While checking out these food trucks we discovered that these three are consistently in the Crossroads for First Fridays.

Greg-Co BBQ LLC

Hamburguesa Loca

We spotted the bright red exterior and bull horns of this truck as soon as we jumped off the Streetcar. It was so unique from the rest of the surrounding block, it would catch anyone’s eyes. I ran straight to the truck and looked at the menu and ordered their BBQ Nachos. I don’t consider myself a nacho connoisseur but usually, when there’s no queso I assume they aren’t good. So, seeing that there wasn’t queso or even melted cheese made me nervous. To my surprise, it made the whole dish even better. The distinctly delicious barbeque sauce replaced the queso. These nachos were topped with coleslaw, pulled pork, barbeque sauce, cheese and Nacho Cheese Doritos instead of normal tortilla chips. This truck took a classic comfort dish and elevated it to make it their own. This twist on nachos is one of the best.

Now, seeing this truck, I became wary of the name, and boy was I wrong. I ordered the classic chicken quesadilla to play it safe, and even though this is a basic order, this quesadilla was so melty and delicious. The tortilla was greasy from the heavy amount of cheese and chicken. It blew all my expectations out of the water. The quesadilla came with two different salsas, the green one which was mild and the red which was very hot, guacamole and sour cream. With each bite, there was the delicious stringiness of the cheese, that makes it melt in my mouth. It was also very basic, because unlike the nachos at Greg-Co BBQ LLC they didn’t add their own twist to it. All in all, I would get it again because it is a nice, classic dish.

Gyro Express Coming to this truck, again I was nervous because the few gyros I have had made me sick. I just can’t seem to handle sheep. So instead I ordered their chicken gyro and their baklava to top it off. When opening the foil wrapping of the gyro, the white sauce was perfectly covering the peppers and chicken. The pita was perfectly grilled where the outside was crispy but soft inside. Yet biting into the center of the gyro, it was bland and didn’t seem to have any flavoring at all. I may not have liked the gyro, but I loved the baklava. It was so good I almost ordered a second. The middle had enough pistachio, walnut and hazelnut, you could taste it but it didn’t overpower the syrup. This truck didn’t win me over with the gyro, but I would come back for the baklava.

designed by Claire Smith

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FEATURES

Plugging into technology’s impact Online interactions today may be leading to future consequences.

Story and alternative coverage by Olivia Powell|Writer Photo illustration by Amy Schaffer|Photographer

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o gain a snapshot of teenage life, The Washington Post followed Katherine Pommerening of Virginia, as she woke up to open Instagram on her birthday. She spends time on her phone when she can at school and on the drive home. She’s one of the 95 percent of teenagers who have a smartphone, according to the Pew Research Center. People of all ages use them to watch videos or listen to music at the press of a button. They can connect on social media apps like Instagram and Snapchat. Nearly half are almost constantly online. With easy accessibility, young people must grapple with using digital tools effectively for the future. Landa Williams, founder of LandaJob, a marketing and creative talent firm, explained the basis of digital citizenship — using digital media with moral consciousness. “Thinking before you act is probably the best piece of advice,” Williams said. Williams explained the lack of control in digital media, stemming from tagging features on apps to digitally permanent

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messages. “And maybe youthful indiscretion is one thing, but you do really want to be careful what you’re putting out there because you have no control over where it’s going,” Williams said. “You might pass a note in

third grade but when you’ve got photos online in high school — it’s a lot more impactful.” Digital footprints are permanent data trails, which Williams said, “Once that it exists, then it’ll never be erased.” Principal of academic affairs Barbara McCormick, who led digital citizenship workshops, referenced an article which explains the importance of safeguarding from future repercussions. Workshops were held during school hours for students and for parents to attend additionally. “Today, with digitalization, employers judge prospective students or employees for their social media profile,” the article says. “So, it is important to teach students how to create online personas that project positive

and constructive image.” The article explained the need for digital citizenship to be integrated into school curriculum, “due to the fact that a lot of young kids embrace technology every day without examining the consequence of implementation.” Senior Lucy Whittaker also explained the role digital media plays in the future, especially for young people applying for jobs or colleges. “Employers can use it as a testament to a person’s character, what their passions are and how they present themselves,” Whittaker said. “I also think that our digital footprints can play a role in college admissions, especially if applying to more selective schools or programs.” Whittaker also referenced “cancel culture,” in which people are no longer supported by others after finding problematic evidence, typically on social media — where information also has a digital footprint. People are “cancelled” when information is made public that draws heavy criticism and shunning. In February 2019, photos surfaced of Virginia governor Ralph Northam, in blackface and with Ku Klux Klan hoods from a school


ess n e r a w A al of Digit nts i r p t o o f

38% have taken steps to limit the amount of information available online

60% of adults are not worried if information about them is available online

Information from http://www.pewinternet.org/2007/12/16/dig ital-footprints/

yearbook of 1984. This caused public outrage and calls for his resignation. According to CNN, after apologizing, Northam said, “I recognize that it will take time and serious effort to heal the damage this conduct has caused. I am ready to do that important work.” Sparking massive debate, politicians have weighed in on the issue, sharing their opinions on Northam’s photo. In a Washington Post article, Virginia Senators Mark Warner and Tim Kaine as well as Representative Bobby Scott shared their views on Northam’s decision not to resign. “We called Governor Northam to tell him that we no longer believe he can effectively serve as Governor of Virginia and that he must resign,” the leaders said after a news conference. “He should step down and allow the Commonwealth to begin healing.” Whittaker explained her reaction to Northam’s photo, in the context of “cancel culture.” “Without the internet, that incident probably wouldn’t have blow up like it did, or it may not have even been discovered,” Whittaker said.

61% do not feel compelled to limit the available information online

McCormick explained the reasoning for educating high school students on digital citizenship as a way to prevent issues from escalating. “If we’re proactive about these topics, students can identify and solve problems online before they escalate,” McCormick said. “It’s impossible to know if all of the students are behaving appropriately online all the time. Online issues spilling over into the school community lessens, hence creating a safer environment for our students.” Williams described the connection between preserving memories digitally today and before the digital age, explaining how it is impacted by the digital age. “Even though we have all the new media, the rules are still pretty much the same as they always were,” Williams said. “You don’t want anything in print that you wouldn’t want the world to see.” Whittaker explained the importance of digital citizenship for the future, in providing a possible solution to preventing issues. “We can have the best technology and the most tech in the world, but if no one knows how to use it responsibly — it

can do more harm than good,” Whittaker said. Whittaker described how online interactions can also generate positive awareness. “For example, the #MeToo movement really took off online and in my opinion was a positive reaction,” Whittaker said. “I think because it was on the internet, it gave people the courage to speak up because they knew that there was a community to back them up. The internet has been able to shed light on whatever topic is pertinent at that time,” Whittaker said. Whittaker also added how she sees the future of digital interactions changing. “I think that over time people will continue to learn about different communities that have presences online and learn to be more understanding and empathetic towards them.”

designed by Olivia Powell

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FEATURES

EXPLORING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF SPRING BREAK

New studies have shown that traveling is one of the main causes of large carbon emission in the world. However, it has been hard to reduce due to the large growth of interest in vacations in recent years. Story by Anabelle Meloy|News Editor Graphic by Claire Smith|Writer Alternative coverage by Ella Norton|Features Editor

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enior Brooke Eldridge was traveling through Yosemite National Park with her family, enjoying the warm weather and beautiful environment during one of her vacations. She soaked in all the details around her from the peaks of the mountains to the lush green of the trees. However, as she walked along, she stumbled upon a cigarette butt on the ground near some trees. Eldridge said this was a wake up call for her as she realized a simple action like tossing a cigarette to the ground could have caused the spread of a wildfire. Vacations are great for students, but it can be difficult to realize the impact that traveling can have upon the environment. According to The New York Times, traveling has found its way to the forefront of issues that have greatly increased climate

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change over time. For example, the amount of trash found on the beaches of Gulf Shores, Alabama in 2016 led the city to enact a $500 fine for travelers who did not clean up after themselves. Olivia English, founder of Live Green KC, an organization which looks to educate citizens about living an eco-friendly life, is disappointed to learn that cities have had to take measures like these in order to ensure the safety of their environments. “[Be] proactive instead of reactive,” English said. “I hate that in such a privileged country we have to fine people instead of encouraging them and rewarding them [for protecting the environment]. Lab mice learn faster from cheese than from electric shocks.” Eldridge believes that if people could be taught about the damages they cause, areas

wouldn’t see as much of a rise in pollution. “People just need to be more educated,” Eldridge said. “The movement against plastic straws has absolutely blown up because the average Joe can connect the straws to [hurting] sea turtles. The more easily understood education we can get out in the world, the more aware people will be.” English agrees that education would be the way to go in order to show people the effects that even small objects like plastic bags can have upon the environment. “Teachers teach us basic skills and more,” English said. “I believe we need more teachers to share passion and encouragement. Teachers should be the life force of a healthy planet and a mindful student.” New studies done by the World


Tourism Organization have shown that the biggest contributor to environmental impact may not necessarily be the activities travelers participate in on vacation. Rather, it is believed that the time spent getting from one location to another could be the most devastating due to carbon emissions from airplanes and other sources of travel. One study done by Nature Climate Change investigated 160 different countries in order to better understand the carbon footprint left by tourism, which is the amount of carbon dioxide produced through the use of fossil fuels. The study revealed that carbon emission grew from 3.5 to 4.5 billion metric tons annually from 2009 to 2013. The study also shows those numbers don’t show any signs of slowing down in the future. However, tourism can also have a positive effect. It is a large income source for many countries, and without it a huge

amount of jobs would be lost. According to the International Labour Council, 107 million jobs were created in 2015 thanks to tourism. Their studies show that a country with a growing tourism industry will be less likely to address the environmental impact tourism has upon their country. However, English believes that economic growth may have to be put second in the fight to stopping polluants, as some areas have becomes almost beyond saving. “I’ve been to the Amazon River with Coca Cola bottles floating by pink freshwater dolphins,” English said. “I’ve seen fish in ponds of KC suffocate in plastic bags. I’ve seen it get so bad that my own community is hopeless and waiting for doom. I’ve seen San Francisco and New York so dirty with trash and straws even I couldn’t pick up all the trash. So speak up, and don’t give up.”

BY THE NUMBERS Land based sources account for around 80% of marine pollution. Globally, there are close to 500 dead zones. Over 220 million tons of plastic are produced each year Plastic debris causes the death of more than 100,000 marine animals and a million seadbirds. Statistics compiled from unesco.

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CENTERSPREAD

DEFENDING

DATA

The Dart researches how data breaches and data monitoring alike put sensitive information at risk and how citizens in the digital age can protect their data from being stolen. Story by Julia Kerrigan | Editor-in-Chief Anna Ronan | Design Editor Photos by Gabby Staker | Editor-in-Chief Alternative coverage by Ella Norton | Features Editor Computer science teacher Alexa Varady thumbs through her notebook March 7. The notes are from her online graduate course at Georgia Tech University.

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here are 312 million internet users, across the U.S., according to Statista. Everyday users enter their information online, whether it’s to schedule an appointment with their healthcare provider or to start an account to stream music. Computer science teacher Alexa Varady contemplates all these services and accounts and acknowledges that with the threat of hackers and watchful media companies, the general user’s data isn’t safe. “With all the different services we sign up for and all the different accounts we have, it's likely that at least one of them surely has been compromised,” Varady said. It takes Pete Enko, a data security lawyer and partner at Husch Blackwell, to track down the people who have compromised the data. Enko got his start as a young associate reading the Health Insurance

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Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and now applies similar principles of data privacy at the corporate level. “You get to go sleuthing,” Enko said. “It's like CSI in terms of trying to figure out how the cyberattacks happen, you know, who did what, when and how, that kind of situation. That's the stuff that's the most fun to me, the cyber security attacks.” When he works with clients who have undergone data breaches, Enko sees each data breach as a bank or house robbery, where “bad guys” get in, take what they want and find some way to monetize it. In most cyber instances, the goods in question are pieces of personal information such as Social Security numbers, credit card numbers, three digit security codes and email addresses. When asked what outside parties would want with these

elements of a user’s data, Varady did not even have to stop to think before she simply said, “to sell it.” It’s less about the value of a single user’s data and more about the quantity of data kept within a server — hackers can achieve a high payout by accessing these caches of personal data. According to 2015 data Varady learned in an online Georgia Tech graduate course, three-digit security codes might be worth $2, and credit card information could value anywhere between $5 and $45, PayPal or Ebay account information is worth $27 and health information worth $10. In short, hackers aren’t digging around for information about a single user but the sum users who have input some amount of personal information. Enko lays out three common goals for security breaches: Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT) information, personal information


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Computer science teacher Alexa Varady sits at a computer in her classroom March 7. Varady teaches AP Computer Science, App/Game Development, Computer Programming, Database Systems and Algebra I at STA.

and email addresses. Access to EFT information allows hackers to redirect money being wired from one place to another, while personal information such as Social Security numbers can be used to set up credit card accounts in the name of someone who won’t even know those accounts exists. Email addresses can be used to set up self-perpetuating scams, such as malware kept in emails that make their way from computer to computer, gathering more and more email addresses. Many of these email based frauds rely heavily on social engineering, the use of deception to lure users into divulging some sort of personal information, such as EFT information or a Social Security number. In his line of work, Enko works with companies who are either working through a data breach or want to prevent one in the

Data security lawyer Pete Enko. photo courtesy of Husch Blackwell Law Firm

future. He advises employees to be wary of each email and check the sender, hover over suspicious links and be mindful of what people click on. For many cases of data breaches, he finds that one individual clicking on one suspicious link can lead to major problems. “You get into that mode that you're just clicking, clicking, clicking without thinking,” Enko said. “‘Oops, oh shoot, did I just click on that?’ Yeah, you did and now you just launched malware.” Varady admits that there is not much prevention when it comes to protecting data but does personally use a trick to see which service or account has divulged her data. When signing up for a service, Varady puts a “+service name” after the first part of her email, so it looks like emailname+spotify@gmail.com. The service will ignore whatever is after the plus sign, and the user

will be able to see the email address that spam emails, and the malware that might come with them, are sent to. This way, a user can track which service has either divulged an email or been breached. These safety measures can protect sensitive information from getting into the hands of hackers, but often times the information getting into the hands of companies has been freely put onto the internet by users themselves. Lives are increasingly lived online from scheduling appointments to posting pictures of a night out. In a study reported by The Telegraph, the average person spends 24 hours a week on the internet. This extremely connected lifestyle can lead to a susceptibility for data breaches through common things such as spam emails and personalized ads.

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designed by Anna Ronan


010010100101010001010010101001 010010100101010001010010101001 00100 00100 0000010010001001010101000101001001000 0000010010001001010101000101001001000 0100100010001001001000010010001001001 0100100010001001001000010010001001001 00101010101010101001010101001010101010 00101010101010101001010101001010101010 010100101010010101010010010010100010101 010100101010010101010010010010100010101 0100101000101000101010110000010100100101 0100101000101000101010110000010100100101 101010010101010101010101010100000100100 101010010101010101010101010100000100100 001010010101001 001010010101001 00100100101010010001000 00100100101010010001000 010100010100100100001010100101010101010 010100010100100100001010100101010101010 00010010001001001010000101010010101001 00010010001001001010000101010010101001 1010100101010101010010101010010100010 1010100101010101010010101010010100010 00100100101000101010100100101010100 00100100101000101010100100101010100 101010110000010100100101001010100 101010110000010100100101001010100 1010101010101010101000001001000 1010101010101010101000001001000 01010010101001 01010010101001 001001001010100 001001001010100 01000001001000100101010100 01000001001000100101010100 1001010010101000101001 1001010010101000101001 10010010100010101 10010010100010101 010000101010 010000101010 010100 010100 Whether it’s the promise of a fortune or a fake lottery win, USA Today warns against falling into the trap of spam emails. In a study done by the Barkley Endpoint Protection Platform, spam email scams can cost upwards of $675 million annually. As for personalized ads, Google’s help page on personalized or interest-based ads states they can collect data from search history and personal preferences to formulate ads relevant to the consumer. In that sense, ads can be hyper-targeted to individual consumers. Personalized ads work by storing cookies, small bits of data websites use to store user information, on a consumer’s device after the consumer has visited a retail website; the data from the cookie is generated into an ad and follows the consumer to different websites. With this personal aspect comes suspicion from consumers. New York Times writer Brian Chen wrote in his article, titled “Are Targeted Ads Stalking You?

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Types of

Data TypesMonitoring of data mining

Many companies collect data through various methods, with these five being the most comon.

Here’s How to Make Them Stop,” that he finds personalized ads to be more like “stalker ads” than anything else. Chen recommends clearing the browser’s cookies and history data to sidestep these “stalker ads,” but ultimately there is no true solution for the issue at hand — if data is willingly being given to companies, they will either use that data or give it to other, bigger companies. Willingly giving data can be simple — through signing up for websites and programs, companies have access to emails and phone numbers to contact their users. Usually this is done to show promotions or updates, but sometimes companies can use these means of contact for more harm than good. In a recent Wall Street Journal study, it was revealed that certain apps were automatically sending user information to Facebook. It determined the cause to be an analytics feature set up to target Facebook users with certain ads. So, while an app

like Flo Health Inc.’s Period and Ovulation tracker claims to not send any “critical user data” to Facebook, information a user inputs is automatically sent to the social media site and then can be paired back with the original user. Even information from app users not on Facebook were sent to the site. In March 2018, political analysis firm Cambridge Analytica was revealed to have bought data from millions of Facebook profiles in the intent to profile prospective voters in 2014. According to The Guardian, Facebook’s policy states that the information from profiles on the site can only be collected to improve user experience and would not be sold or used in advertising. However, that policy was not upheld in the case of Cambridge Analytica. At the beginning of the school year, Varady spoke to students at the Digital Citizenship presentation, a series of speakers who discussed digital issues such as online presence and plagiarism. Varady showed an


101000101010100100101010100101010101010 101000101010100100101010100101010101010 00100010010101010001010010010000101010 00100010010101010001010010010000101010 0101010010101010101001010101001010001 0101010010101010101001010101001010001 Anomaly detection: Statistics notice if something is 010010100101010001010010101001 010010100101010001010010101001 00100 00100 different from the typical case. 00100100010010010100001010100101010 0010010001001001010000101010010101 0100101010100101010101010101010101 010010101010010101010101010101010 Association learning: The results from these often 10000101010010101010101010100101 10000101010010101010101010100101 provide recommendations and are used for 0010101011000001010010010100101 0010101011000001010010010100101 advertising. 100100100001001000100100101000 100100100001001000100100101000 Cluster detection: Algorithms can recongize the different 10010101010010101010101010101 1001010101001010101010101010 subrgroups and how their data differs and it allows the 1010101010101010010101010010 101010101010101001010101001 data to figure out the subgroups. 10100101010001010010101001 10100101010001010010101001 0100101010010101010010010 0100101010010101010010010 Classification: Data mining can recognize differences in 100101010100010100100100 the pre-determined subgroups and can classify new cases 100101010100010100100100 with new rules. 10001010101100000101001 10001010101100000101001 0100100101000010101001 0100100101000010101001 Regression: Data mining uses different variables to create 001001000100101010100 predictive models that could be used to change design to 001001000100101010100 encourage more engagement. 100010101011000001010 100010101011000001010 Information from The Atlantic, “Everything You 000010101001010100101 000010101001010100101 Wanted to Know About Data Mining but Were Afraid to Ask” 010100100100001010100 010100100100001010100 1010001010010101001 “Our argument is that it takes example of all the metadata that 1010001010010101001 00 00 money to do that,” Arello said. could be gathered from a photo. 101001001010101001010 101001001010101001010 “If it’s a security issue, then that’s She displayed a photo taken 1010010101010010100010 fine. If not, then we don’t think it’s on campus on the board, and 1010010101010010100010 necessary for them to take that showed students the information 10100001010100101010010 1010000101010010101001 extra step in order for them to do attached to the file, including 01001010101010101010010 it.” an almost exact approximate of 01001010101010101010010 Although monitor data where the photo was taken. 100010010010000100100010 100010010010000100100010 for security reasons, Varady Seniors Arleigh Perkins and 0010100100100001010100101 contemplates that programmers Brianne Arello are studying the 001010010010000101010010 and hackers work in a constant government’s use of American 1010010001000100100100001 1010010001000100100100001 fight against each other, with one citizens’ metadata in a civic 00101001001000010101001010 00101001001000010101001010 repairing programs and the other engagement project for their AP corrupting them to monetize Government class. The project 100010010010000100100010010 100010010010000100100010010 the data within. The thought revolves around questioning the 0100101010101010101001010101 010010101010101010100101010 makes her uneasy. reasoning behind the National “The more that I learned Security Agency’s collection of 10010100001010100101010010101 10010100001010100101010010101 about computer security, metadata from phone calls. 010101010101001010101001010001 010101010101001010101001010001 the less that I wanted “They can’t hear a to use computers,” conversation over the phone, 0010010010100010101010010010101 0010010010100010101010010010101 Varady said. they just know who you’re 00101010110000010100100101001010 00101010110000010100100101001010 talking to,” Perkins said. “It’s just kind of keeping tabs on what’s 0101010101010101010100000100100010 010101010101010101010000010010001 happening but on a very basic 10010101001 10010101001 00100100101010010001000 00100100101010010001000 level.” According to their project, the 01000101001001000010101001010101010 01000101001001000010101001010101010 NSA can collect phone numbers, 000100100010010010100001010100101010 00010010001001001010000101010010101 time stamps and call duration 010101001010101010100101010100101000 times as a precautionary measure 010101001010101010100101010100101000 in tracking down suspected 100100100101000101010100100101010100 100100100101000101010100100101010100 terrorist threats. 1010110000010100100101001010100010100 101011000001010010010100101010001010 010101010101000001001000100101010100010 01010101010100000100100010010101010001 designed by Anna Ronan 10010010101001000100010010010000100100010 1001001010100100010001001001000010010001 1010010101010101010100101010100101010101010 1010010101010101010100101010100101010101010

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MAIN ED Data privacy is a personal responsibility

In this increasingly connected world, our personal information is more at risk than ever. Data privacy should be a matter of personal choice without infringement by the government.

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ncreased regulation of tech companies is a complex issue, both sides of which can be logically debated by reasonable people. But for teenagers who have grown up with and even on the Internet, privacy is accepted as being a luxury rather than a right. This generation has been creating accounts, agreeing to terms and conditions without having read them and posting personal information online since childhood. We are all too familiar with what it means to have our privacy compromised but as the staff’s vote reveals, we are comfortable with this notion, so long as our internet remains free, deregulated and as accessible as possible. This may seem alarming to readers of older generations who discovered the internet as adults, rather than learning its ins and outs at a young age. Younger generations understand that their data has been commodified become a source of revenue for multi-billion dollar corporations. Yet we continue to use these platforms because sacrificing your personal data is, and should remain a personal choice. For some, it is worth it, in order to

have access to social media; for others, it feels like a clear violation. This means that it should be a matter of personal responsibility for your online choices and digital footprint rather than cause for increased government regulation. When it comes to the internet, government regulation is a slippery slope. We saw this with last year’s heated debate over net neutrality. With the exception of cases of election tampering and other forms of fraud and criminal activity, the internet should remain a place of freedom and accessibility. If the government increased its regulation of tech companies, that could create a precedent for regulating individuals. In a perfect world, we would be able to maintain full privacy while enjoying everything the internet has to offer, but these two things cannot simultaneously exist. We must decide individually if the connectivity of the internet is more important to us than our privacy. All of this being said, no one wants to hand over their personal information. We only do so because it is a requirement for access to social media, email and other technology and internet services.

Though government regulation is not the best way to go about addressing this problem, it must, nonetheless be addressed. Recently, Facebook announced changes in its ethical practices. The public is vigilant and will hold Facebook to its promises. If they fail to deliver, the public will flock to other methods of connectivity and thus, a market will be created for ethically based tech companies. This has the potential to naturally occur without government intervention. In fact, this is already beginning to take place. Following the Cambridge Analytica scandal, Facebook lost $134 billion — this proves that private citizens and market forces have the power to more effectively check tech companies than the federal government does. Because this is a deeply personal issue, it should not be decided for us by the federal government. Though this sounds pretty ridiculous, we as Americans should have the right to have our data compromised if we so choose. We should also have the right to put our personal data under lock and key if we so choose. 24/25 staffers agree

RIGHT ON TARGET Kate Schaefer, Junior

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"In my mind I’m comparing to school and how they regulate.Although it does benefit [us] by blocking things we probably shouldn’t be looking at, it does also, with that, block things that are beneficial when you’re doing research or a project or anything like that."

March 14, 2019

lenytte matos, senior

"If you’re supposed to have private data but the governement is regulating the internet, they have more access to all of your information so how is that safer? How is that private?"


If teenagers want better sleep, school should start later Story by Ella Norton Features Editor School should start later to improve students’ sleep cycles, which could help with academic performance.

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t 6:30 a.m., five days of the week, I hear my alarm ring and I groan. I press snooze multiple times, fighting the inward debate of whether I should just forget school and fall back asleep. Unfortunately, responsible Ella wins out. I wake up, dragging myself throughout the morning, barely awake, arriving to my first class, struggling to keep my eyes open. My parents tell me that it’s because I go to bed too late. They say it’s because I’m on my phone too much, because I drink too much caffeine, it’s because I don’t manage time well. Wrong. It’s because I’m a teenager and my sleep cycle has shifted. Waking up early is disrupting my circadian rhythm, which, according to the National Sleep Foundation, is a 24 hour internal body clock that tells you when you are tired and when you are awake. I believe the most effective solution to sleep deprivation is school starting later. According to an article

in the American Academy of Pediatrics by Judith Owens, when teenagers hit puberty, most begin to secrete melatonin later which leads to, “a shift in circadian phase preference from more ‘morning’ type to more ‘evening’ type, which consequently results in difficulty falling asleep at an earlier bedtime.” It is because of this that Owens argues most teenagers would benefit to wake up at 8 a.m. or later. I completely agree. Whenever we have a late start, I wake up 45 minutes later, and I feel much more rested than I do on any other day of the school week. I find it is easier to concentrate in my first class and it takes me less time to truly ‘wake up.’ With a later start, I would feel this way most of the time. I believe this would especially benefit students who live further away. People who live far away have to wake up even earlier and are at an even greater risk of sleep deprivation. According to the Center for Disease Control and Protection, students who are sleep deprived are more likely to “be overweight, suffer from symptoms of depression, perform poorly in school and engage in unhealthy behaviors.” Sleep deprivation has real, serious effects on students. By having school start later, it may help some students’ sleep

PERSPECTIVES

cycles which would also benefit their academics because they would be more alert in class. Many schools are taking initiative to start school later to combat sleep deprivation, such as Notre Dame de Sion High School. According to an email sent out by Sion’s principal, Natalie McDough, Sion will start at 8:45 a.m. and go until 3:45 p.m. in an attempt to “be more in line with the natural wakeup times of adolescents.” This email also pointed out how teenagers may face more auto accidents if they are tired. I would completely support it if STA decided to make a similar change. I understand that if school started later, it could be difficult for extracurriculars, sports and after-school jobs. Arguably, sleep and our health should come before anything else. Furthermore, it is completely possible for school to end later and have students still be able to participate in afterschool activities by shifting things around. I also know that Sion is creating a workstudy program for girls who do have jobs straight after school, another possible solution for any conflicts if school ended later. If school starts later, I believe students would be healthier and more well-rested for school, allowing them to focus more on their schoolwork and succeed in their academics.

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PERSPECTIVES

Kansas City created me Margaux Renee Editor-in-Chief Recently I’ve realized that my days in left in KC are numbered--this is a essentially a love letter to the city that raised me.

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remember my mom telling me to be on the lookout for a 202-area code. Ironically, I was watching “The West Wing” when it happened. I was sitting in the living room with my mom, my older sister and my boyfriend, eating homemade tacos in front of the T.V. My phone had barely begun to ring before I grabbed it, as if by reflex. (202) area code: Washington, DC. “Holy—”I can’t say this in the Dart, but for those who know me, please feel free to fill in. I sprinted to my room, practically flying above the ground, flailed through the frame and slammed the door behind me—all while balancing the weight of my ringing phone on the palm of my hand like an existential hot potato. “Hello?!” “Hi Margaux, I’m calling from American University…” I stopped listening because that was all I needed to hear; I had gotten into my dream school. Now, I don’t want to seem ungrateful, but the truth is that this moment was accompanied by a wave of sadness. My dreams were coming true but in a matter of

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seconds, I realized something: I have to leave Kansas City. I normally use my column opportunities on the Dart for biting, political rants but something about the prospect of getting on a plane and waving goodbye to my hometown is causing me to spit up a clustered mess of multi-claused, overly-emotional sentences, (like this one) so, please brace yourselves, because that is exactly what this will be. Every Kansas Citian’s favorite past time is bashing Kansas City. Why is it 17 degrees right now but forecasted to be 75 tomorrow? Why did I pop three of my tires on a Ward Parkway pothole? How come the closest thing to nightlife in this city is a congregation of middle schoolers standing outside Cinemark Palace at the Plaza? Though these complaints come from a place of humor, the reality behind them is that growing up in Kansas City gets old. KC often feels stuck in limbo between the character and particularity of America’s coasts and at the same time, awkwardly straddles the status of small town and full-fledged city. As a city, we’re a national afterthought at best, defined solely by barbeque and the Chiefs, located smack-dab in the middle of nowhere. All these reasons make it quite easy to complain and incessantly rail about how eager I am to leave. But the

idea that this town is just one quick moment in my life, the principal objective of which being to “make it out,” is absurd when met with the reality that on August 17th I’m moving 1,120 miles away. I’m moving 1,120 miles away from Southwest Boulevard Mexican food, from Loose Park and from summer nights at First Fridays. This would not be a Margaux Renee opinion piece if I didn’t make at least one polarizing claim. I think the Kansas City complaining is an act. I would even venture to say that we all know this deep down. We all know that Kansas Citians care for one another like close family friends. We can all feel that Kansas City is teeming with artistic, musical, academic and athletic talent, even if we’re overlooked on the national stage. Finally, we all know that growing up in this city marks you for the rest of your life. In other words, growing up in KC is a personality trait. So, with that Kansas City, I must thank you for teaching me hard work and humility. I must thank you for the worldclass education I received at Académie Lafayette and St. Teresa’s Academy. I must thank you for confronting me with the reality of injustice. I must thank you for filling me with passion, grit, Midwestern courtesy and a sense of humor. Ultimately, Kansas City, I must thank you for myself. For without you, I wouldn’t be me.


Our boys are broken Story by Lily Hart Web Editor Toxic masculinity destroys men from the moment they are exposed to it, and it needs to be addressed early on.

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any feminists focus on the issue of toxic masculinity through the lens of sexual harassment and misogyny. These are absolutely effects of this phenomenon and a rampant issue but we don’t talk enough about the effect it has on men themselves. I’m convinced toxic masculinity needs to be debunked not only because it will solve many resulting issues but because it’s disastrous for men’s psyche. Gillette’s “We believe: The Best Men Can Be” ad addressed this in the age of #MeToo. The company’s stance caused controversy as they questioned the state of our society where we excuse men’s problematic behavior. For example, they showed a powerful scene of a father breaking up a fight between a group of boys as his son watched it all unfold. Many responded to the video in outrage, claiming that the company assumed misogyny was a problem among their customers. How could men be opposed to holding each other to a higher standard? The fact that it was controversial only highlights the

point they were trying to make. Men who conform to society’s idea of a strong man are not under fire. Society is under fire for restricting men into this stereotype as the only “real” way to exist in this world as a man. We clearly see that it’s a problem to limit women to dependent, gentle creatures, so why can’t we see how problematic it is to force this idea of manhood on men? Toxic masculinity is destroying boys from the moment they’re exposed to it. According to the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, in 2017, men died by suicide 3.54 times as often as women. Our boys are broken. They are internalizing toxic standards for how they should live, and because of those standards have no way of dealing with their emotions. Several men in my own life struggle with depression, anxiety or stress disorders. Only one has been able to seek help and open up a dialogue about it. This is a problem. Often, mental illnesses require help to overcome but we are telling boys that it shows weakness to talk about it. Weakness is not synonymous with vulnerability. Invalidating feelings only intensifies the issue and leads to shocking disparities in suicide statistics compared to other demographics. Combating toxic masculinity early is key to overcoming this issue. Without early intervention,

commonplace interpersonal violence is excused by the phrase, “boys will be boys,” and is slowly internalized by young boys. This often manifests later as misogynistic, predatory men who think that this is normal. Naturally, this would cause mental health issues that eat away at them. The idea that men aren’t allowed to cry or express how they really feel is incredibly harmful and unsustainable. We all know that this is unhealthy and can result in anxiety and/or depression, as well as substance abuse according to Time Magazine. And yet, we’re willing to take the risk to uphold traditional ideas of manhood. The first step in addressing toxic masculinity is to unpack the mental effects. This requires tackling the stigma around open mental health discussions. Once we realize the ramifications of forcing men into this 2-dimensional box we can begin to break down the walls they’re enclosed in. It takes strength to overcome social pressure but this is my honest plea to men to find it in themselves to be confident enough in their own identity to break out of society’s confines and find a safe and healthy place where they can be their happiest and truest self. Showing emotion and vulnerability doesn’t make you less of a man, it makes you more human. designed by Katie Gregory

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SPORTS

JV DANCE TEAM: READY TO PERFORM

The JV dance team hits their pom routine’s finishing pose onstage at William Jewell College Feb. 3, 2018. The team placed second in their division.

JV dance team, led by senior co-captains Isabelle Fleming and Caroline Reid is in its second year, and is planning a performance to exhibit their skills in the spring.

Story by Faith AndrewsO’Neal|Opinion Editor Photos by Amy Schaffer Photo Editor

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or the JV Dance team, this season has been unconventional. Their competition at William Jewell College was canceled due to weather, and no other circuit met the Missouri State High School Activities Organization (or MSHSAA) standards necessary to compete. The team itself was just created last year. The structure of the team has shifted to include two co-captains. Nonetheless,

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JV dance team, as led by co-captains Isabelle Fleming and Caroline Reid and coach Katie Weber, is determined to succeed. Fleming has been dancing since the age of three. In May of her sophomore year, she auditioned for the varsity dance team and did not make it. Fleming auditioned for the JV dance team in August of her junior year, made the team and then became co-captain her senior year. “It’s a little different because last year we had managers,” Fleming said. “This year, we do not have managers. We do have captains.” JV dance auditions, much like varsity, consisted of a threeday process. On the first day, the girls are taught choreography to a short routine of a style the team will compete in, such as jazz pom. The second day is

cleaning, in which the girls rehearse the dance multiple times, together or in smaller groups, so all the details of the choreography are as precise as possible. The third day is the audition, where dancers perform the routine and a series of skills individually in front of a panel of judges. Both captains have been privy to the changes they have seen in the team since its beginning last year. For co-captain Reid, who began dancing in seventh grade, it was a growth in recognition. “Last year it was a new thing, and not a lot of people knew about it, and I feel like we had a lot of people audition this year,” Reid said. “It’s slowly becoming more of a sport that people are coming to support.” Fleming and Reid are responsible for many


organizational aspects of the team. “You have a lot more say in decisions you make as a team,” Fleming said. “We get to choose what time our practices are or how we wear our hair for performances. We will also lead stretches and choreograph a lot more for our dances, and we’re in more communication with Ms. Weber trying to plan things for the team as well.” Their roles became especially important going into the spring season, following the cancellation of their competition due to weather. As a result, the co-captains worked with Weber to find an alternative performance route. “We wanted to have something to show for all our hard work this year,” Fleming said. “We’re doing a mini-showcase at the Fine Arts Showcase instead, which is totally new.” Although it may be a different environment than a typical competition, the team will be taking this performance just as seriously. “Our faces still have to be on,” Reid said. “We still have an audience. Some people might think

there’s less pressure, especially about hair and makeup and costumes, but I hope that everyone treats it as a competition and does their best.” Senior Grace Coleman, member of the varsity dance team, was unable to compete her

junior year due to a foot injury. However, she still wanted to continue her involvement with the dance department. “When school started again I was like, ‘Oh I really missed it,’” Coleman said. “So I talked to Ms. Weber about starting JV... She had mentioned that she wanted to start it gain. She knew I wasn’t dancing. So I was like, yeah, I want to manage and she coached.” As manager of the team in its first year, Coleman has also seen the progression and growth of the team in relativity to the athletics department as a whole. “Last year, we were kind of scrambled,” Coleman said. “We did like one or two performances at a volleyball game or a basketball game.This year they were consistently at most of the JV games.” As both cocaptains are seniors this year, they have lasting wishes for the

team in years to come. Reid hopes the showcase will last as a JV dance tradition and the team continues to grow in the STA community. “As a senior and co-captain this year, we’ve really worked hard to make sure that we’re getting the recognition we should get as a JV sports team,” Reid said. For Fleming, she would like to see an even greater involvement with the athletics department at STA. “I definitely want to see us performing at more than just basketball games,” Fleming said. “I think it’d be cool if we could perform somewhere so that the whole school could see us.”

Senior Isabelle Fleming does turns in her pom routine at William Jewell College Feb. 3, 2018. The continuous turns take concentrated strength through the back and control of momentum.

designed by Maddie Loehr

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COMMUNITY

WINDMILL PROJECT PROMOTES

CLEAN POWER

The first-ever Windmill Project at STA provides students a hands-on opportunity to engineer a product that will reduce pollution and further environmental sustainability in KC.

Story and alternative coverage by Mary Massman|Breaking News Editor

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unior Cece Batz has had an interest in engineering since middle school. It wasn’t until this semester that she was able to spend four days a week designing and working towards an authentically engineered product: the creation of a single functioning scale windmill. Last spring, Batz enrolled in the Windmill Project because the design aspect sounded fun to her, and this semester, she is a part of the first-ever class. “The best part about this class is that we're the ones learning how to build the windmill,” Batz said. “Our teachers are helping us figure out how to do it ourselves. It's harder than I expected, but it's a group effort, so when someone is confused, we all try to figure it out.” The inspiration for the Windmill Project came from a professional development opportunity in the fall of 2017 at High Tech High, a charter system in San Diego that specializes in curriculum project design. Science teacher Maddie Watts, math teacher Kim Sirridge, computer science teacher Alexa Varady and librarian Carrie Jacquin participated in exercises to develop project design experiences and felt there was potential to bring project-based learning back to STA. Although the four teachers regularly teach different subject matters, they all collaborate on the integrated Windmill Project course structure. According to Watts, who teaches AP

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Environmental Science, this class effectively combines all components of learning because environmental sustainability impacts all areas of life. “Environmental issues reach all studies — math, science, history, technology, literature, law, ethics and the list goes on,” Watts said. “Environmental issues can seem

daunting to high school students. This class approaches sustainable and renewable energy from many angles curricularly and gives students a way to mitigate their environmental impact at STA.” The teachers decided on a vertical axis windmill as the end product for the class to address the impact of large energy use at Senior Olivia Rose stands on top of the Windmoor Center, holding a windmill prototype high in the air to measure how much energy is created by the device March 6. The Windmill Project students develop prototypes and test them on the roofs of each building of the campus. photo by Claire Smith


an institution students are apart of. According to Jacquin, part of the process will be determining the best location for the placement of the windmill, which has not yet been decided on. Once the end product was determined, the teachers designed the course. Jacquin helped incorporate the book The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind by William Kamkwamba, who wrote about building a wind turbine from junkyard scraps to provide power to his village in Malawi. “The literature and research component came first,” Sirridge said. “This provided an opportunity for students to connect with the content and imagine a scenario in which these project-based skills were essential for another person in a different situation.” Watts feels the design and build aspect of the class appeals to all students. Varady, who grew up tinkering and building things, feels that the trial and error involved with the class helps the lessons stick. “I was mostly homeschooled throughout middle and high school, and the majority of what we did could be considered project-based learning,” Varady said. “I hope that the students learn to ’fail forward’ — that a failure along the way isn't bad, but rather a learning experience.“ Senior Liv Davison, a student in the class interested in entering environmental work, feels that project-based learning makes the

class purposeful and realistic. “My favorite part of class so far was building our first prototype,” Davison said. “Because it was a ‘rough draft’ we used everyday items to create a windmill. It was awesome to see that we could create something that could spin and make energy, even with a lot of tape and plastic cups.” Outside of learning at STA, the class has planned a trip in April to visit Golden, CO and meet with wind energy engineers at the National Renewable Energy Lab. Watts feels visiting a professional, workplace area dedicated to environmental sustainability will be relatable to the students. “We will learn more from experts in the field and see how a functioning wind farm works,” Watts said. “We will see how these scientists design, prototype, fail, revise and collaborate to make a final product that has a widereaching impact.” Though the class is exploring environmental sustainability initiatives in Colorado, the teachers have also thought of potential activities in the KC community to further immerse students in local environmental initiatives, but they are not at that point in the course yet. “We plan to have the students explore local resources and programs, asking industry experts for tips or possibly offering a windmill ‘instruction guide’ to local initiatives,” Varady said. The teachers will continue to

foster community immersion in environmental sustainability and study through next year, as Watts described plans to offer a similar course under a new name. “Research and Design: The Green Project will continue to take a cross-curricular, projectbased approach to investigate environmental issues,” Watts said. “However, the final product may not be a wind turbine.” Watts described the breadth of local environmental issues they can advocate for, such as making renewable energy resources more accessible to all people. “Large-scale, we can resist urban sprawl by revitalizing the urban core and bringing citizens back to the city center, utilizing buildings and spaces we already have,” Watts said. “Kansas City has several efforts in place to help promote sustainable living, but we can always do more.” Davison agreed that there is much more that can be done in Kansas City. She hopes that the windmill can be placed at STA or another place where it is going to help raise awareness for environmental sustainability.. “I think education is the most important thing we can be doing right now at STA, and in the community, to bring the environment to the forefront of our lives,” Davison said. “If more people know their impact and what they could be doing, the more likely they are to live a more sustainable life.”

The Profits of Wind Power

According to Arcadia Power, wind turbines can reduce carbon dioxide output by 125 million metric tons, or the equivalent of 26.4 million cars.

Wind power is one of the lowestpriced renewable technologies available today.

According to the Department of Energy, a modern wind turbine can generate enough power for 500 homes.

According to the Wind Energy Foundation, 68 billion gallons of water were saved in 2014 by wind power facilities.

designed by Mary Massman

27


LAST LOOK

Spring break staycation Not everyone has the means, time or desire to travel during spring break, but that doesn’t mean the time off has to be boring.

Story by Katie Gregory|Social Media Editor Photos by Gabby Staker|Editor-in-Chief

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pring break, for many, is a time to relax, take your mind off school and travel. However, while spring break is a great opportunity to explore different parts of the country or world, not everyone has the time or resources to go. Despite this, spring break can still be a fun, relaxing time in Kansas City. Here are a few things to do if you’re looking to indulge in a stay-cation.

Avenue of murals Price: free Address: Minnesota Avenue, Kansas City, KS 66101 The Avenue of Murals is a row of eight murals spanning four blocks along Minnesota Avenue in Kansas City, Kansas. The murals took four years to complete and were painted by a group of 30 high school students who were guided by professional artists. Each mural is intended to depict a different aspect of Kansas City’s history and culture, and together they tell the story of the city.

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Negro Leagues Baseball Museum Price: $10 Address: 1616 E 18th St, Kansas City, MO 64108 The Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, founded in 1990, is the only museum in the world dedicated solely to preserving the history of AfricanAmericans in baseball. The museum is located in Kansas City’s 18th & Vine Jazz District, just two blocks from the Paseo YMCA where Andrew “Rube” Foster established the Negro National League in 1920. The museum is open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday, 12 p.m. to 6 pm on Sunday and is closed on Mondays.

West Bottoms Antiques Price: varies Good Ju Ju address: 1420 W 13th Terrace, Kansas City, MO 64101 Nook and Cranny KC address: 1400 W 13th St, Kansas City, MO 64016 Bella Patina address: 1320 W 12th St, Kansas City, MO 64101 If you enjoy being transported back to previous decades, then a visit to Kansas City’s famous West Bottoms neighborhood may be the perfect thing to do during spring break. The West Bottoms has many antique stores, but some of the most popular are Good Ju Ju on 13th Terrace, Nook and Cranny KC on 13th Street and Bella Patina on 12th Street. Hours vary depending on what stores you are looking to visit, but are generally open in the mornings and afternoons, although some are only open during First Fridays.

designed by Rachel Robinson

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PHOTO STORY

THRIFTY CITY

Staff writer Mckenzie Heffron dives into interactions at her favorite place: a thrift store.

City Thrift manager Elliechecks out a customer.

Customers stand in line before checkout at City Thrift.

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City Thrift employee Brina gathers clothes from the fitting room to put back. page design by Mckenzie Heffron

Donation marker sits outside City Thrift, March 2.


Dart Spring Break Playlist

ON THE

DNO

Compiled by Maggie Hart

Find kindness in conflict Being pro-life isn’t partisan

Column by Claire Smith Column by Tess Jones Stargazer: Lauren Daugherty Gallery: First Fridays

Podcast by Rachel Robinson

Photos by Beatrice Curry

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@dartpaper

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@dartnewsonline designed by Faith Andrews-O’Neal

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Volume 78, Issue 6  

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