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Science

Learner’s Book

Cambridge Global English

CAMBRIDGE PRIMARY

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Science

Learner’s Book

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CAMBRIDGE PRIMARY

Jon Board and Alan Cross

Learner’s Book


CAMBRIDGE PRIMARY

Science

Jon Board and Alan Cross

Learner’s Book


University Printing House, Cambridge cb2 8bs, United Kingdom Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University’s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9781107611382 © Cambridge University Press 2014 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 2014 Printed in India by Replika Press Pvt Ltd A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library isbn 978-1-107-61138-2 Paperback Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables, and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter.

notice to teachers References to Activities contained in these resources are provided ‘as is’ and information provided is on the understanding that teachers and technicians shall undertake a thorough and appropriate risk assessment before undertaking any of the Activities listed. Cambridge University Press makes no warranties, representations or claims of any kind concerning the Activities. To the extent permitted by law, Cambridge University Press will not be liable for any loss, injury, claim, liability or damage of any kind resulting from the use of the Activities.


Introduction The Cambridge Primary Science series has been developed to match the Cambridge International Examinations Primary Science curriculum framework. It is a fun, flexible and easy to use course that gives both learners and teachers the support they need. In keeping with the aims of the curriculum itself, it encourages learners to actively engage with the content, and develop enquiry skills as well as subject knowledge. This Learner’s Book for Stage 1 covers all the content from Stage 1 of the curriculum framework. The topics are covered in the order in which they are presented in the curriculum, with only one or two exceptions, for easy navigation. But they can be taught in any order that is appropriate to you. The content pages contain many images and questions that you can use as a basis for class discussions. The emphasis in this stage is on linking what learners know about everyday life to scientific ideas. Throughout the book, you will find ideas for practical activities which will help learners to develop their Scientific Enquiry skills as well as introduce them to the thrill of scientific discovery. Check your progress questions at the end of each unit can be used to assess learners’ understanding. We strongly advise you to use the Teacher’s Resource for Stage 1 ISBN 978-1-107-61146-7, alongside this book. This resource contains extensive guidance on all the topics, ideas for classroom activities, and guidance notes on all the activities presented in this Learner’s Book. You will also find a large collection of worksheets, and answers to all the questions from the Stage 1 products. Also available is the Activity Book for Stage 1, ISBN 978-1-107-61142-9. This book offers a variety of exercises to help learners consolidate understanding, practise vocabulary, apply knowledge to new situations and develop enquiry skills. Learners can complete the exercises in class or be given them as homework. We hope you enjoy using this series. With best wishes, the Cambridge Primary Science team.

Introduction

3


Contents 1

2

3

4

Being alive 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4

Animals and plants alive! Local environments Animal babies Healthy food and drink

6 8 10 12

1.5

Check your progress

14

Growing plants 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4

Plant parts Growing seeds Plants and light Check your progress

16 18 20 22

Ourselves 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5

Contents

We are similar We are different Our bodies Our fantastic senses Check your progress

24 26 28 30 32


4

5

6

Materials in my world 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4

What is it made of? Using materials Sorting materials Check your progress

34 36 38 40

Pushes and pulls 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5

In the playground How toys work Pushes and pulls around us Changing movement Check your progress

42 44 46 48 50

Hearing sounds 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4

Where do sounds come from? Our ears Sounds move Check your progress

Reference Glossary and index Acknowledgements

52 54 56 58 60 62 69

Contents

5


1

Being alive

1.1 Animals and plants alive! Words to learn living animal non-living

plant alive look

Can you see a living plant? Can you see a living animal? Can you see things that have never been alive? The Sun is hot but it is not alive. It is a non-living thing. 6

1 Being alive


Activity 1.1 What living things can we find?

You will need: a clipboard t a digital camera

Go outside to look at living things. Photograph or draw those you find. Look for the largest living thing you can see. Look for the smallest living thing you can find. Try to find six living things. Talk about the photos below with your friends. Which photos show things that are alive? Which photos show things that are non-living? How do you know which things are alive?

W hat you have learnt Some things are alive. Some things have never been alive. 1 Being alive

7


1.2 Local environments Each living thing needs a place to live and lives in a local environment.

Words to learn environment farm pet compare

Look at each animal. Look at each plant. Where does it live? Why does it live there? Animals can be found in natural environments. They can also be found on a farm, in a zoo and in homes as a pet. 8

1 Being alive


Activity 1.2a

You will need:

Where do plants grow?

a clipboard t a digital camera

Think about where you will find plants growing outside. Go outside and look at the plants. Where do they grow? Why do they grow where they do? Compare how many plants you find in different environments.

Activity 1.2b Birds come to school

Have you seen birds at school? Where do you see them? Can we make the environment better for them? How could we make a feeding table? Make a drawing to show how you could help the birds.

W hat you have learnt Each living thing lives in a local environment. The local environment gives them a home, food and water. 1 Being alive

9


Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 1