Page 1

CSUresearch C L E V E L A N D S TAT E U N I V E R S I T Y | F A L L 2 0 1 7

CONNECTIONS TO

Our Community

Cleveland’s Professional Artists Train Future Generations

New Center for Behavioral Health Targets Opioid Epidemic

Law Center Tackles Northeast Ohio’s Cybersecurity Challenges

PG. 07

PG. 29

PG. 37

csuohio.edu/research


AHA!

Karina Smirnoff, left, formerly of "Dancing with the Stars", leads a public dance workshop on the stage of the Allen Theater. The event was part of CSU’s inaugural AHA! Festival, produced in partnership with Playhouse Square June 7-9, which brought over 3,000 attendees to campus for a three-day celebration of the arts and humanities.

1

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

2


Introduction from the VP for Research

Welcome to the 2017 edition of @CSUresearch, a forum for sharing the Cleveland State University research and scholarship that makes a difference every day here in Northeast Ohio and across the country! Last year, our inaugural issue introduced readers to the range of CSU's strong research programs in the sciences, engineering and biomedical fields, our leadership in STEM education and public policy, and our thriving arts and humanities programs, as well as the rapid recent growth in our funded research and entrepreneurship programs. In this issue, we focus on the deep connections that Cleveland State University has to Cleveland and Northeast Ohio. As an anchor institution in the heart of the city,

3

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

we take great pride in the fact that we educate and train the region’s workforce, with more than 80% of our graduates staying and working in the region. Our graduates are the lifeblood of the region’s industrial and service firms, healthcare providers, schools, and government agencies. Our arts programs provide opportunities for students and faculty to work side by side with professionals in Cleveland’s renowned theaters in Playhouse Square, and we continue to innovate in the digital humanities to help bring context to the world around us. Our new School of Film and Media Arts is the first stand-alone film school in Ohio, and is moving into a 36,000-square-foot cutting-edge production facility to teach students the latest techniques in the industry. Students in urban studies and law take the classroom to the community to deal with problems our citizens face every day, whether it is housing discrimination, managing an aging infrastructure, or understanding models that can provide jobs and build wealth for city residents. Our health professions and nursing students and faculty are pushing the boundaries to improve healthcare and address critical issues like the opioid epidemic. Through partnerships with the Cleveland Municipal School District and our Research Experiences for Undergraduates programs, which are funded by the National Science Foundation, we are helping students reach their potential and are training

tomorrow’s technology workforce. Interdisciplinary research at CSU is working to address emerging cybersecurity challenges, advance Cleveland as a smart city, and push our innovations from the lab into new companies and applications. There may be no better evidence of the importance of our work than a national study by the Brookings Institution, which ranked CSU 18th in the nation among public universities that provide social mobility for their students and conduct vital research that benefits society. Notably, we were the only university in Ohio ranked in the “Best of the Best” category. Our faculty and our students engage in research and scholarship that benefits residents of Northeast Ohio in countless ways. They work tirelessly to enhance CSU’s impact through partnerships with the region’s hospitals and community health organizations, educational institutions, local governments and the private sector. Please enjoy this issue of @CSUresearch and learn more about how Cleveland State University supports our community through research and Engaged Learning. Sincerely,

Jerzy T. Sawicki

Vice President for Research


Table of Contents Arts and the Community Creating in CLE Hearing Voices of Protest School of Film and Media Arts Ethnic Studies Programs

Enhancing Cleveland’s Legacy Making Better Housing Choices Source of Income Discrimination Community Advocacy Law Clinic An Urban Cooperative Model

Partnerships for Urban Health New Behavioral Health Research Center Educating Tomorrow's Nurses Improving Urban Primary Care Health Research Highlights

p. 6 p. 7 p. 11 p. 13 p. 16

p. 20 p. 21 p. 23 p. 25 p. 26

p. 28 p. 29 p. 31 p. 32 p. 33

Cybersecurity and Connected Technologies

p. 36

Cleveland: A Laboratory for Learning

p. 44

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

p. 51

Undergraduate Research Highlights

p. 54

Center for Cybersecurity, Law and Policy CSU-CWRU Internet of Things Collaborative Security in Small Devices

Enhancing Cleveland’s Schools Social Emotional Learning NSF-Funded Undergraduate Research Every Moment Counts

CSU Research by the Numbers

CSU is more than physically connected with

the city of Cleveland. Through a wide variety of partnerships with government agencies, nonprofit organizations, educational institutions

and companies, Cleveland State is integrally

involved with leading the continued growth and revitalization of the city and Northeast Ohio.

p. 37 p. 41 p. 42

p. 45 p. 48 p. 49 p. 50

p. 53

EXECUTIVE EDITOR

Jerzy T. Sawicki EDITORS

Will Dube Ben Ward CONTRIBUTING WRITERS

Liz Lear Ed Horowitz Adam Schabel DESIGNER

Ivy Garrigan CONTRIBUTING PHOTOGRAPHER

Brian Hart

CSU is an AA/EO institution. © 2017 University Marketing 170439 / 15M


Through CSU’s unique Arts Campus, students learn from working professionals in theater, music, dance, and the arts while taking advantage of Engaged Learning opportunities with a wide variety of world-class institutions.


ARTS AND THE COMMUNITY Universities have sometimes been portrayed as islands of quiet study and reflection amidst the turbulent high seas of everyday commerce. Since the Morrill Act of 1862, American rural land-grant universities have been dedicated to serving the practical interests of the American public, especially in the areas of agriculture and the “mechanic arts.” Public universities in American cities retain the mission of local service, but the urban context of these new universities demands different kinds of interactions. Among Cleveland State University’s most important goals is a commitment to serve Cleveland’s needs and removing walls between “town” and “gown.” The College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences is actively involved on a number of fronts with key stakeholders in the Greater Cleveland community. The college engages with the community in social welfare, music therapy, law enforcement, journalism, and more. Some of the college's most vital community connections are with

the Cleveland arts community, with various Cleveland ethnic communities, and at the nexus between public history and education. The value proposition of such interactions runs both directions. CSU's expertise is sought to improve the lives of our friends and neighbors— for example, by preserving and sharing the languages and cultures of Cleveland’s ethnic communities. Our arts partnerships with Playhouse Square and Cleveland Play House provide learning opportunities that few other educational institutions can match. Moreover, when our School of Film and Media Arts moves to its new location in the Idea Center in the fall of 2018, our combined arts programs will have established a major, interactive, and mutually beneficial presence in the heart of one of the most vital arts districts in the country.

Highlighted Partnerships

The Cleveland Museum of Art / Cleveland Play House / The Contemporary Youth Orchestra / Greater Cleveland Film Commission / GroundWorks DanceTheater / ideastream / The Jazz Heritage Orchestra / The Kosciuszko Foundation / Playhouse Square

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

6


Creating in C L E V E L A N D During a workshop,

student composers listened intently as professional musicians from the No Exit contemporary ensemble group played the music the students wrote. In addition to invaluable feedback, they came away from the workshop with recordings of their own music performed by professional musicians for their portfolios. Down the street, Professor George Mauersberger’s drawing students gathered

7

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

in the back room of the Bonfoey Gallery on Euclid Avenue to watch behind-the-scenes preservation and framing and hear about the professional artist/gallery relationship. Professor Mauersberger, a member of the Department of Art and Design, had an exhibit of watercolor paintings on display and was featured in CAN Journal, the quarterly magazine of the Collective Arts Network of Cleveland.


“I talked to them a bit about my experiences as a professional artist, how to approach a gallery, and the nuts and bolts of the professional side of being an artist,” Mauersberger says. He also inspired students to explore watercolor as a medium with his exhibition. Eighteen students have already registered for his new watercolor course debuting in spring 2018. “It is these partnerships and relationships in the arts district, which are pretty broad here in Cleveland, that really allow students the experiential opportunities that they wouldn’t necessarily get in the classroom or rehearsal hall,” says Dr. Michael Mauldin, an associate professor in the Department of Theatre and Dance.

LEARNING WHILE DOING Art professor George Mauersberger, whose watercolor is featured above, utilizes local gallery tours, studio instruction, and his experience as a working artist to better prepare his students for careers in the art world.

csuohio.edu/research

Learning the Business of Arts CSU arts faculty are performers, painters, and composers entrenched in their craft locally and globally. These connected creatives have placed a welcome mat for renowned colleagues to connect with students and offer professional perspectives in workshops, private lessons, performances, and residencies. “We try to bring in as many people as we can, different kinds of composers and instrumentalists. The idea is that students interact with these professionals on a regular basis, so by the time they leave here, they will have written a lot for professionals and have a portfolio of pieces and recordings of their work performed by professionals,” explains Dr. Andrew Rindfleisch, a professor in the Department of Music. An onsite music composition resource center provides the studio, notation software, binding equipment, and even mailing envelopes to ensure students can submit music without the financial burden of producing scores and CDs. Dr. Rindfleisch extols the value of learning how to note and express details in a score, and receive feedback from a musician on what works in a piece. He’s brought in Pulitzer Prize recipients, young composers in graduate programs and Hollywood names; far more guests than a typical university program hosts. His vision is a program not just about the academics, but also experiencing what it takes to work your way into the profession. “One of the best things is that you hear not only their music, but you see who they are and how their character comes across,” says Gregory D’Alessio, an associate professor in the Department of Music.

Community Connections In introductory theater classes, a parade of local directors, costumers, playwrights, set designers, and sound designers visit and discuss what their jobs entail, giving students a glimpse of the experience and training involved. A simple email request Dr. Mauldin put out to nationally acclaimed playwrights such as George Brant and

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

8


Eric Schmiedl ultimately gave directing students the opportunity to produce a short play by participating playwrights, which the writers in turn attended. “This kind of collaboration, that I have seen over and over again, has led to so many more possibilities, and it’s because we’re in Cleveland,” says Dr. Mauldin. “It’s the perfect place for theater students to be.” With the visual arts and theater programs now sharing space and cohabitating with Cleveland Play House, diverse students regularly intermingle with professionals. Through internships at local organizations, they get a true insider’s view, and sometimes a full-time gig. One student was a stage manager at Dobama Theatre and took on a stage management role with a theater in Seattle after graduation. Another acting student filing papers as an intern for

the Cleveland Play House came away feeling that he truly understood the inner workings of a major regional theater. At least four graduates serve as permanent staff of Cleveland Public Theater. Dr. Mauldin is enthusiastic about the undergraduate program and the career paths it presents. “I love that we are a liberal arts program rather than a conservatory program because I have seen so many students who come in thinking they are only ‘this.’ But when they discover directing or playwriting, they say, not only am I passionate about this, but I am good at it.”

LEARNING FROM THE BEST Music majors have multiple opportunities to work with the worldrenowned Cleveland Orchestra. Numerous members of the Orchestra serve on the CSU music faculty and a number of students have had the opportunity to intern, perform, and record with the acclaimed ensemble.

9

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


AHA! Festival for Arts and Humanities Debuts In June, the inaugural CSU Arts and Humanities Alive! (AHA!) Festival, the first of its kind in

Ohio, brought together world-

renowned authors, performers,

and celebrities for a celebration

Arts at CSU also branch out into community settings. The Galleries at CSU, now located in the heart of the arts scene on Euclid Avenue, present the works of leading professional artists and CSU students while also offering multiple interships to museum studies students. In addition, students enrolled in CSU’s new Bachelor of Arts degree with a focus in popular music put on a rock concert at a local venue, working with local musician and applied faculty member Chris Vance. He and the ticket-purchasing audience bring high expectations for the student-produced show. The BA program draws students who did not pursue the traditional orchestral or marching band path.

of storytelling. AHA! included

performances, films, talks, exhibits, and an outdoor book fair.

“It is the role of an urban university to act as a convener to bring people together in shared

discovery and exploration of what

it means to be human, and nothing does that better than the arts and humanities,” says Kay Shames,

Director of the CSU Center for

Arts and Innovation and director of the festival.

Experiential Exchange Dr. Mauldin credits the University for recognizing creative projects on equal footing with traditional research explorations, as not all scholarship and research look the same. Professor D’Alessio points out that when professional composers get together, rather than put on traditional conferences, they play concerts. “Everything is a presentation. Unlike most other fields, the propagation is built into the content,” he says. This sense of content collaboration and exchange sustains CSU’s rich community arts connections.

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

10


Inspired by a CSU library book

chronicling 19th century migration of Arab Americans to Cleveland, Arabic Studies Associate Professor Abed

Tayyara is capturing the experiences

of today’s Arab American immigrants in Cleveland. He is conducting and

recording interviews with a wide variety of individuals and seeking to provide a better understanding of the ArabAmerican experience.

The stories collected include those of

immigrants joining relatives settled in Cleveland, those coming for medical

Protest Voices Brings Activist Perspective into High School Classrooms

residencies or jobs, as well as those

fleeing conflict in their native countries.

A common theme Dr. Tayyara has found is the desire for a good life in America

and the hope of positively contributing to their new community.

The histories are being published online

Social studies classes are coming alive thanks to oral histories curated online by Cleveland State undergraduate students. The project, Protest Voices: Using Activist Oral Histories to Teach Historical Thinking, has produced a series of interviews with area activists and made these oral histories available for use in junior high and high school classes. Historical accounts include former Vietnam War protestors and nuns who served in El Salvador during brutal war conditions. Undergraduate education major Chris Morris conducted and recorded interviews with Ursuline sisters, clergy, and Vietnam protesters. Communications major Amanda Gedeon transformed the interviews into poignant, succinct clips. To make it simple for teachers to access relevant oral histories, Morris prepared lesson plans tying the living history clips to Ohio social studies standards. He and Dr. Shelley Rose, associate professor of history and Director of Social Studies at CSU, presented the project at the Peace History Society’s 2017 symposium Remembering Muted Voices.

11

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

in the Center for Public History + Digital

Humanities' Oral History Collection, and Dr. Tayyara hopes to publish a book on the topic.

Personalizing History Sister Martha Owen was a member of the Ursuline Sisters of Cleveland and worked as a missionary in El Salvador to aid civilians in the nation’s brutal civil war during the latter part of the 20th century. One of her main objectives was encouraging and assisting El Salvadoran women in taking a larger societal role, which had previously been forbidden. “The very first thing they had to do was say their name in front of a group of other women. It was an awesome experience to have them do that. Just to say their name…and then they giggled,” Owen says. “They turned around, they covered their face…It was such an experience of empowering people, giving them the power.”

PHOTOGRAPH BY UWDIGITALCOLLECTIONS, DISTRIBUTED UNDER A CC-BY 2.0 LICENSE.

APPLIED MEDICAL RESEARCH

Arab American Clevelanders Tell Their Stories


Dr. David Goldberg’s recorded narrative discusses the 1967 shift from peaceful demonstration of the Vietnam War to resistant action, including refusal to cooperate with selective service or the draft. “The Resistance gave me an opportunity to do something personally about who has deferment,” Goldberg adds. “It also gave me an opportunity by taking individual action and saying I don’t care what other people are going to do. I’m not going to cooperate with the U.S. government. So it gave you a chance to act individually.” He would go on to serve a prison sentence for this act.

What you leave out shapes the record. Oral history provides a construction of connection to places, sensory and visual, and teaches the subjectivity of individual experience.” Dr. Rose points to the interesting juxtaposition of Dr. Daniel Brustein and Dr. Goldberg, two Vietnam-era protestors who attended the same event at the Pentagon, and described nearly opposite climates, one peaceful and mellow, and the other physically disruptive. Both were accurate, and simply represented two individual experiences of a very large event. Hear these protest voices and other oral histories at http://historyspeaks. clevelandhistory.org/.

Preserving Perceptions These singular views offer a unique lens on history, notes Dr. Rose, and challenge students to consider multiple perspectives on past events. History professor Dr. Mark Souther, Director of the Center for Public History + Digital Humanities at CSU, acknowledges the nature of human reflection. “Memory is selective, and shaped by subsequent events.

Embracing Spanish in Cleveland Professor of Spanish Dr. Antonio

Medina-Rivera and his students have

chronicled the growing incorporation of the Spanish language in Northeast Ohio through a unique oral history

project. Through interviews, photos,

and other artifacts, students illustrated how the enhanced use of the Spanish language over time has impacted community development and

inclusion. A special exhibit of the

project was hosted in CSU's Michael Schwartz Library.

The project chronicled the growing

DISTRIBUTED UNDER A CC-BY 2.0 LICENSE.

use of Spanish by hospitals, banks,

csuohio.edu/research

schools and other key service delivery institutions, as well as the growing transition from Latin to Spanish in many Catholic churches in Latino neighborhoods. The increasing

influence on the arts was noted in

the development of a Spanish film

series at the Cleveland International

Film Festival and the region's Spanish language radio stations.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

12


APPLIED MEDICAL RESEARCH 13

CSU Launches the School of Film and Media Arts The new CSU School of Film and Media Arts is taking over the sixth floor of the Idea Center in Cleveland’s Playhouse Square district. When the school opens in 2018, students might jump in on production of WVIZ’s "Open Air" show. That’s just one example of how they will gain hands-on experience through regular access to the Idea Center studios thanks to the ideastream partnership and the school’s own high-tech teaching laboratories, digital editing bays, and smart classrooms. Demand for video expertise is growing, from local television stations to Hollywood, while businesses large and small are engaging multimedia more than ever, explains Evan Lieberman, an associate professor and the current film program director. In response, a $7.5 million State of Ohio investment in CSU’s new stand-alone school will provide the professional grade studio equipment, learning lab settings, and enhanced coursework to produce career-ready graduates. In addition to new space and technology, the school’s curriculum will have added depth and specialization opportunities. Students will have access to multiple courses in film editing, for example, rather than packing editing, direction, cinematography, production, and working with actors into the University’s

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

two film classes. Currently offered through the School of Communication, the film, television, and interactive media program is one of the University’s fastest-growing majors. Frederic Lahey, filmmaker and former head of the Colorado Film School, was named the inaugural director of the new school, which is the first stand-alone film school in Ohio. “Film has been my lifelong passion and I have dedicated my career to transferring that love and enthusiasm on to the next generation,” Professor Lahey notes. “ This new role at CSU provides the opportunity to develop an innovative and technologically advanced film school for the 21st century. I am also looking forward to engaging with and enhancing Cleveland’s booming film and artistic community.”


Lahey's new role at CSU provides the opportunity to develop an innovative and technologically advanced film school for the 21st century.

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

14


utilize Cleveland’s rich ethnic neighborhoods and multiple international collaborations to provide students with a truly immersive educational experience.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF THE CLEVELAND KURENTOVANJE PLANNING COMMITTEE

CSU’s ethnic studies programs


Ethnic Studies Programs Engage with Students and the Greater Cleveland Community PROGRAMS PROMOTE ETHNIC UNDERSTANDING AND EDUCATIO N

When native Clevelander Greg Lindeman moved from China back to Northeast Ohio, he wanted to further his knowledge of the Chinese language. The Confucius Institute at Cleveland State provided exactly what Lindeman wanted. “It gives me a chance to continue my Chinese studies,” Lindeman, 24, says. “I didn’t think I would be able to do that here in Cleveland after living in China for four years.” He is one of many students at Cleveland State who study foreign language, literature and history and take advantage of the numerous cultural opportunities offered throughout the city. “These forms of engagement touch many different parts of the college’s mission,” observes Dr. Greg Sadlek, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences (CLASS). “Not only do we teach languages and culture, but we have a mission to promote various forms of artistic expression and to teach mutual respect among various cultural groups.”

Confucius Institute

The Confucius Institute was established in 2008 as an academic partnership between CSU and Capital University of Economics and Business in Beijing, China. The Institute’s director, Dr. Yan Xu, is a professor of chemistry and has been at CSU since 1991. The Confucius Institute brings instructors from China to teach at Cleveland State as well as local K-12 schools, hosts an annual Chinese New Year celebration, and builds collaborations between universities in the U.S. and China. One of the most successful

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

16


programs has been the Chinese Bridge Summer visiting Polish scholar, Dr. Piotr Wilczek, then with Camp, which provides opportunities for students the University of Warsaw. from the U.S. to travel to China. Most recently, Dr. Leslaw Tetla, Dean of the “The program works with Congresswoman Marcia Academy of Fine Arts in Katowice, Poland, Fudge’s office and partnered with they recommend the Waterloo students for the Arts Center in POLISH AMBAS S AD OR TO THE U.S . D R . PIOTR program,” says the Cleveland to WILCZEK PROVID E D HIG H PR AIS E AS THE 2 0 1 7 Institute’s project create “ The Day coordinator, Ms. After,” his art CO MMENCEME N T S PE AKE R AT C S U ’S S PR IN G Zijie Li. "This show inspired by GRADUATION C E R E M ON Y. “ C S U HAS C HAN G E D program is specifthe Collinwood ically designed to neighborhood. CLEV ELAND, C HAN G E D OHIO, AN D C HAN G E D help students who Over 100 peoTHE LIV ES OF S O M AN Y F OR THE B E TTE R .” do not have the ple attended the financial means opening reception or opportunity to at the Magalen travel to China." Art Gallery in Cleveland’s Slavic Village. The Cleveland Polish community’s support is strong, including two major gifts to the program Polish Studies establishing the Karpinski Family Fund for Polish In 2010, CSU and the University of Warsaw signed Studies and the Edward F. Rybka Memorial Fund an agreement to develop student and faculty exchangfor Polish and Jewish Understanding. es and joint research initiatives. Since then, CLASS, the Kosciuszko Foundation, and the greater Cleveland Polish community have supported visiting scholars in Slovenian Studies Polish Studies on a biannual basis. The Center for Slovenian Studies was born in Associate professor of communication Dr. 2008 when Luka Zibelnik came to CSU from Edward Horowitz was appointed director of the the University of Ljubljana. With support from program in 2012. That same year brought the first CLASS, the Slovenian government, and the Cleveland Slovenian community, the Center serves CSU students and the largest population of ethnic Slovenians outside Slovenia. Over the years, Mr. Zibelnik has organized visits and exchanges of professors, artists, musicians, and poets, and worked with the Slovenian Museum and Archives in Cleveland. But what sets Slovenian Studies at CSU apart is that in 2013 he created the first Slovenian online language class in the country (http://onlineslovenian.com/). This class consistently attracts students from Greater Cleveland, as well as students from around the U.S. Celebrating Mardi Gras, a Slovenian tradition, delights Mr. Zibelnik. “I still like Fat Tuesday celebrations and I am happy to say that this tradition is very much alive in the Cleveland Slovenian community. In the last few years we've even had a parade.”

17

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


Károly Jókay, Greg Sadlek, and Rebecca Chory (Frostburg State) in Budapest.

Hungarian Studies

This fall marks the fourth year that classes in Hungarian Studies will be offered at CSU. The program was brought to life through a cooperative agreement with the Hungarian-American Fulbright Commission in Budapest. With the support of CLASS, the Fulbright Program, and the Hungarian community, CSU hosts a visiting scholar annually. This fall, Dr. Monika Fodor from the University of Pecs will teach Hungarian language and film classes. Previously, Dr. Rita Gardosi organized “Central Europe Film Days” in conjunction with the Polish Studies program. Last year, Dr. Peter Muller included Sing (Mindenki), the 2017 Oscar-winning short film from Hungary, as part of his program. “Each Hungarian professor has shown enthusiasm to be a part of the CSU and the Hungarian community,” notes Dr. Antonio Medina-Rivera, professor and chair of the Department of World Languages, Literatures, and Cultures. “I would like to see the program continue to grow in the future.” Cleveland was largely built upon the contributions of various immigrant communities, and the city remains a highly ethnic town, according to Dean Sadlek. “This is part of the city’s identity,” he says. “Our mission becomes ever more urgent as second-, third- and fourth-generation children of immigrants begin to lose touch with essential aspects of their traditional cultures, and also as the older immigrants lose touch with contemporary developments back in their native countries,” Sadlek says. “Our ethnic programs also give these community groups a good way to express pride in their heritages through lectures, concerts, film festivals, and community interaction with our visiting scholars.”

csuohio.edu/research

Jazz Heritage Orchestra Performs Abyssinian Mass This past April, prominent recording artist Damien Sneed conducted one of the first regional productions of the Abyssinian Mass at Cleveland State University’s Waetjen Auditorium. The sweeping composition written by Wynton Marsalis featured CSU’s Jazz Heritage Orchestra and the Community Mass Choir. The Jazz Heritage Orchestra is composed of jazz performers and music educators with the dual goal of presenting high quality musical performances while also providing an understanding and love of jazz to the next generation. This professional, 17-piece nonprofit performance/ education collective is officially in residence in the Cleveland State University Black Studies Program, which recently named Dr. Thomas Bynum, a prominent civil rights scholar and academic administrator, as its new director.


Throughout its history, Cleveland State University has been dedicated to improving the city it calls home. Today, through a variety of collaborations and research projects, CSU is leading efforts to make Cleveland and Northeast Ohio a better place to live and work.


ENHANCING CLEVELAND’S LEGACY Cleveland and Northeast Ohio encompass over 40% of the state of Ohio’s population and wealth generation, and numerous institutions are working to increase this wealth and revitalize the urban core. Cleveland State University has been and remains an integral force in pursuing local and regional development. The University is a true “anchor” physically and economically. Cleveland State changes the lives of students, who in turn leave an indelible impact on the city, Northeast Ohio, the nation, and the world. CSU provides access and exceptional value to students seeking higher education, and our graduates take significant positions in the private, public, and nonprofit sectors. With more than 80 percent of our 120,000-plus graduates living and working here, CSU continues to offer a quality education and 21st-century skills to meet employer needs and tackle community challenges. In addition to its educational mission, CSU's leading economic, social, and environmental research is an ongoing asset to our community's development.

The role and impact of CSU’s urban and metropolitan research in the region is nationally recognized by our peer institutions, policy makers, and the public. The urban challenges that gave rise to the University’s historic expertise in the area, such as social and economic inequality and urban blight, are now intensified by global trends. For example, the globalization of capital, climate change, and the recent subprime mortgage crisis all argue for a range of innovative solutions to evolving problems. CSU's roots run deep in the community. The deep trust that has been established as an institution and the commitment of faculty and staff positions the University to act nimbly to provide urban and metropolitan policy solutions to benefit Clevelanders and the nation.

Highlighted Partnerships

CEOs for Cities / Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority / U.S. Economic Development

Administration / Fund for Our Economic Future / Greater University Circle Initiative / JumpStart Inc. / MAGNET / Third Federal Savings and Loan / U.S. Census Bureau

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

20


Housing as a Platform for Success CSU BRINGS HIGH-TECH SOLUTIONS TO HOUSING SELECTION FOR VOUCHER HOLDERS

Living in one neighborhood versus another can mean healthy food on the table or not. It can mean the difference between children passing and failing in school, or the ability to catch a bus to work a decent job. A few miles also can mean paying higher rent yet receiving fewer community resources. The Housing Choice Voucher Program, funded by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), provides more

21

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

choice for more families by subsidizing rent in qualifying rental units. Moving a lot is disruptive. Kids change schools, access to jobs may be lost, and community support from churches, for example, may evaporate overnight. It doesn’t take much to push a family living in poverty to the point of eviction and a forced community change. The Housing Choice Voucher Program is intended to empower people to move to


neighborhoods with greater resources and opportunities, ultimately enabling stability and a rise from poverty. Yet only 14 percent of voucher holders choose to live in designated “opportunity areas,� which are locations where less than 20 percent of the community lives in poverty. In 2015, the Cleveland Metropolitan Housing Authority (CMHA) approached the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs to investigate why housing voucher recipients were not taking advantage of the mobility options that the vouchers are designed to provide. New voucher holders, movers, and landlords answered a number of questions: How do housing choice voucher holders decide where they want to live? What are the barriers that might be preventing voucher holders from moving to areas of greater opportunity? How can CMHA partner with cities to design programs that move voucher holders up and out of poverty? Levin College researchers evaluated housing data in relation to two Greater Cleveland community clusters, one in which a high concentration of voucher holders lived and a second with a lower concentration of voucher holders. They found that 30 percent of qualifying rental units are in high concentration

csuohio.edu/research

areas, and residents in these areas moved more often and paid higher rents. The study highlighted opportunities to educate and empower voucher holders through a required information session with CMHA designed to help recipients select a community in alignment with their current needs and personal priorities. Fast forward to April 2017. Community tech experts, civic leaders, city residents, and problem solvers converged at CSU for a 24-hour hackathon. They were challenged to answer the question: How can we help Clevelanders in the Housing Choice Voucher Program select housing in well-resourced neighborhoods that meet their needs? At the brainstorm session hosted by community technology nonprofit DigitalC, CMHA and CSU, competitors attacked the problem with technology. These crossdisciplinary hacker teams spent 24 hours generating innovative, technology-based solutions to help voucher program participants simply and efficiently evaluate resources such as transportation options, schools for their children, access to wellness resources, and internet access. The winning team, Housing CWRU, applied artificial intelligence technology to evaluate how people choose housing locations. Through innovative thinking and creative engagement with problem solvers, CSU’s Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs continues to find solutions to provide better opportunities for Clevelanders.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

22


Assessing Discrimination in Local Housing Policies A scan of online listings for Cleveland area apartments reveals a string of “No Section 8” listings. These exclusions refer to participants in the Housing Choice Voucher Program, which provides rent subsidies to qualifying applicants that open up more geographic choice in housing. This exclusion of voucher holders constitutes source of income discrimination, yet a multidisciplinary CSU team found that it goes widely unchecked even when protections are in place. Three faculty members each brought their expertise to bear on a co-authored paper. Dr. Joseph Mead brought a legal perspective, Dr. Megan Hatch provided a public policy vantage, and Dr. Rosie Tighe offered urban planning insight. Together they explored how policies came about, how rights are being violated, and how the issue might be remedied. The team examined state anti-discrimination laws, or the lack thereof, across the country and raised questions about how effective those laws are and how they are interpreted. Their findings were presented at the annual conferences of the Urban Affairs Association and the Association of Colleges and Schools of Planning. They found that discrimination against families with children was common, but that many landlords did not view that as discrimination. They also found required housing inspections can take several months to complete, leaving units unoccupied, putting landlords at a financial disadvantage, and prompting discrimination. As a starting point to improve the detrimental effects of source of income housing discrimination, Drs. Mead, Hatch, and Tighe have written a policy brief based on their findings to engage policymakers to address this challenging issue and assist those in need of fair treatment when choosing housing.

Students Marissa Pappas, Vanessa Hemminger, and Calla Bonanno (not pictured) chose to dig into the related issue of nuisance

laws as part of a group project in Professor Mead's policy course.

These laws can negatively affect victims of domestic violence

because a home may be legally classified as a nuisance if the

police are called to a residence too many times to deal with

disputes. This may prompt a

landlord to evict the tenant, and if this occurs with a voucher holder the landlord may elect not to

participate in the program in the future. Pappas and Hemminger

presented this issue to the City of Euclid’s Public Safety Committee, helping change the city's nuisance ordinance.


Evaluating Conflicting State and Local Fracking Laws Cuyahoga County is home to some 420 oil and

in Ohio, tensions run high between those who

Natural Resource’s Oil and Gas Well Database. To

who wish to protect local interests.

gas wells, according to the Ohio Department of

protect the interests of residents and well operators,

encourage drilling for economic growth and those

should the requirements of a local drilling permit

Dr. Robertson explored whether constitutional home

resource business development?

local control, allows any room for local regulation of

take precedence over a state law supporting natural

Dr. Heidi Gorovitz Robertson tackled this complicated

debate in a law review article published in the William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review. She evaluated court responses to local ordinances that prohibit or ban drilling or impose fees for permits,

hearings, or other requirements on drillers. Especially

csuohio.edu/research

rule, when coupled with the state’s preemption of

the shale oil and gas industry. Her findings are critical to Northeast Ohio communities like Munroe Falls,

whose recent legal setbacks resulted in invalidation of both its local drilling ordinances and part of its

zoning code when they were used to limit oil and gas development within the city limits.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

24


Law Students Map LGBTQ+ Protections in 250 Ohio Cities Members of Cleveland’s LGBTQ+ community face complicated legal issues, often without traditional family support. Those who are young and on their own for the first time may confront issues in housing, consumer law, and legal processes associated with gender transitioning. Enter the CSU Community Advocacy Law Clinic, where Cleveland-Marshall College of Law students, with the counsel of faculty, aid LGBTQ+ community members and others in need of legal assistance. “Our students work hard. They are dedicated and continue to work with clients who need extra help. They learn to be compassionate while they learn the law and how to draft motions. This experience teaches them to be kind, to be a good listener,” says Pamela Daiker-Middaugh, a clinical professor in the College of Law. The five-year-old Community Advocacy Law Clinic also offers legal support to individuals with HIV/AIDS and others in need. The Clinic’s students collaborated with Equality Ohio on research related to which Ohio communities offer legal protection for LGBTQ+ residents, as Ohio is one of 28 states that do not include LGBTQ+ individuals in state-level discrimination laws. They reviewed laws in 250 Ohio cities, with their findings powering a clickable online map showing where protective laws are in place to prevent LGBTQ+ discrimination in education, housing, employment, and public accommodations as well as hate crime 25

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

protection status. They evaluated local laws and protection status in each city, from public restroom access laws to school district antibullying laws. The resultant map offers an accessible snapshot of how various Ohio communities treat and protect LGBTQ+ residents. The students went a step beyond, though. When they found cities that did not have protections in place, they provided draft laws and policies for communities to consider implementing. The project required behindthe-scenes work, but came with the firsthand inspiration of helping individual clients in Cleveland.


Evergreen Cooperative Creates More than a Job for Urban Residents At Green City Growers, local residents tending lettuce in the greenhouse don’t just bring home a paycheck; they share an ownership stake in the company. Set in urban Cleveland neighborhoods, the companies of the Evergreen Cooperatives of Cleveland represent a new creative social entrepreneurship model as an answer to the question: How can we invest in an approach that not only pays a wage, but builds wealth for city residents? Dr. Nick Zingale, an associate professor and the Director of the Public Administration program in Cleveland State University's Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, evaluated the Evergreen Cooperatives model, curious about how such a cooperative can be successfully funded in a city with shrinking resources. In his study, he characterized the approach as bricolage, or piecing together what’s already available in an innovative way. Evergreen Cooperatives combined

philanthropic start-up support from the Cleveland Foundation and commitments from anchor institutions, including the Cleveland Clinic and University Hospitals, to build a sustainable enterprise. Dr. Zingale notes that the cooperative intentionally creates job opportunities with a path to personal financial stability through companies designed to meet the service needs of existing institutions, highlighting the importance of seeing beyond economic returns.

Microgrids as Economic Engines America is changing its energy delivery systems to become cleaner and more secure, and CSU

is helping the City of Cleveland and Cuyahoga County understand how they can benefit from

this shift. Led by Andrew Thomas, Executive in Residence at the Energy Policy Center in the

Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, the Cleveland Foundation-funded initiative will

examine how microgrids might enable economic development in downtown Cleveland.

Thomas is leading a team of researchers and

“Cleveland is optimally positioned to leverage

University that is evaluating the deployment of grid

competitive natural gas, the existence of district

students from CSU and Case Western Reserve

technologies that meet the power and resiliency

needs of critical infrastructure like hospitals, data

centers and the communication industry. The team will also evaluate how a microgrid might enable

economic development in downtown Cleveland.

csuohio.edu/research

microgrid technology because of its access to costenergy systems, and the anticipated large-scale

development of offshore wind resources," Thomas adds. "The technology will benefit our energy

system, our economy, and society as a whole."

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

26


The healthcare needs of cities are directly linked to access to quality education, income inequality, addiction, and crime. CSU is committed to addressing the unique needs of urban communities while also training the next generation of urban caregivers.


PARTNERSHIPS FOR URBAN HEALTH CSU is taking center stage in the rapidly changing world of healthcare. True to its mission of addressing the needs of Cleveland’s urban communities, CSU is teaming up with a network of partners, including local communities, nonprofit agencies, health centers, and greater Cleveland hospital systems, to address inequities in urban healthcare and improve overall quality for the region. For example, the Northeast Ohio Medicial University (NEOMED)CSU Partnership for Urban Health is training the next generation of medical professionals to specifically meet the health needs of urban populations.

low-income, first-generation students to enter highly competitive health professions programs. The University is also partnering with St. Vincent Charity Medical Center on a new research center dedicated to addressing opioid addiction. At CSU, students become leaders in healthcare delivery and wellness. They are filling urgent health workforce needs in the region and, above all, are helping to eliminate health disparities in the community.

CSU is also developing pipeline programs, such as the Urban Health Fellows (UHF) funded by a grant from Saint Luke’s Foundation, to prepare

Highlighted Partnerships

BioEnterprise / Case Western Reserve University / The Cleveland Clinic / Cuyahoga Community

College / The MetroHealth System / Northeast Ohio Medical University / Parker Hannifin Corporation / St. Vincent Charity Medical Center / University Hospitals

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

28


PHOTOS COURTESY OF ST. VINCENT CHARITY MEDICAL CENTER

Addressing Ohio’s Opioid Epidemic PARTNERSHIP WITH ST. VINCENT CHARITY MEDICAL CENTER OFFERS HOPE FOR PREVENTION AND RECOVERY

Ohio has become the epicenter of the nation’s opioid epidemic, leading the country in opioid overdose deaths and straining resources. Children’s services departments are overwhelmed seeking foster care for the children of addicted parents. Drug dealers can mail order animal tranquilizers from overseas that are 10,000 times more potent than morphine, leading to outbreaks of accidental overdoses and putting law enforcement and medical first responders at risk of life-threatening exposure through skin contact alone.

29

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

CSU and St. Vincent Charity Medical Center are hopeful Ohio can rise to become the heart of solutions to the nation’s crippling drug addiction issue. The hospital and University have teamed up to address the complex issues of opioid addiction and the related social ripple effects. The collaboration supports short-term treatment solutions for the current crisis, as well as longer-term research and validation of new treatment options. The Center for Behavioral Health Sciences is led by Dr. Cathleen Lewandowski, a professor


and Chair of the CSU School of Social Work, and is composed of interdisciplinary researchers who are uncovering and addressing the wide range of physiological, cultural, and social issues that fuel the opioid crisis. JOINING FORCES

CSU and St. Vincent Charity are close neighbors in downtown Cleveland, and are intimately connected to the city and Cuyahoga County. Those ties create an opportunity to open dialogue and understand community needs and formulate the research and applications that can best serve Northeast Ohio and beyond. Connecting with the St. Vincent patient base offers a research window into treatment access and effectiveness, and the opportunity to develop new ways to connect patients and their loved ones with treatment resources. CSU’s researchers are addressing priority community questions, such as how to find an open bed in a treatment center in an overtaxed healthcare system. They are developing more effective prevention models and looking at the relationship between depression and addiction. The partnership also provides a platform to evaluate training for the local work force to improve response, treatment, and social support. AGAINST THE ODDS

In May, Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine issued a lawsuit against five major pharmaceutical companies, alleging the companies’ marketing to physicians downplayed the addictive effects of prescription opioid drugs. Prescription drug abuse often precedes the transition to unchecked street varieties of heroin, fentanyl, and sometimes lethal combinations of high-powered opioids. “It’s so challenging because an opioid is a terribly addictive substance that doesn’t have a lot of treatments and has a low success rate,” says

csuohio.edu/research

Dr. Lewandowski. She notes the greatest challenge lies in identifying new treatment options, which once identified would open opportunities to evaluate what treatment may work best for a particular individual. TECHNOLOGY'S POTENTIAL

Technology can provide police, social workers, and families with real-time availability of treatment services. Helping recovering individuals with personal technology is another creative, interdisciplinary avenue of research. Mental health apps tied to a smartphone or wearable fitness tracker device can help monitor mood and sleep patterns. Good sleep hygiene is known to support success in addiction recovery. Meditations designed especially to support addiction recovery may also be effective for some patients.

Opioid addiction is a complex issue that requires experts across disciplines to resolve, and Dr. Lewandowski is using the new Center and partnership to spread that message locally and more broadly through appearances on television and satellite radio. Bringing together the clinical care side at St. Vincent Charity with the research resources of CSU, including social work, psychology, criminology, health sciences, public administration, economics, and engineering, offers a unique opportunity to better support individuals and communities overwhelmed by opioid addiction.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

30


Creating a Nursing Workforce that Is Ready for Future Community Health Needs The Center for Health Affairs estimates that by 2020 Northeast Ohio will need at least another 3,500 nurses to care for the rapidly aging local population. To handle the increasingly complex healthcare needs of older patients, and to replace a generation of retiring managers, a significant percentage of these nurses will require advanced education.

Cuyahoga Community College (Tri-C) are creating an easier path for current registered nurses (RNs) to obtain a bachelor’s degree. UH will provide tuition reimbursement and scholarships, incentivize qualified UH RNs to serve as CSU clinical instructors, and extend opportunities to current students to work as part-time nursing assistants. Convenient evening and weekend courses will be offered to a yearly cohort of 64 students, including current UH employees and recent associates in nursing graduates from Tri-C. Other creative solutions include CSU’s nurse refresher program, which supports nurses who took a hiatus from nursing with professional education to bring them up to speed with today’s safety and quality of care approaches and reactivate their license. “UH is significantly invested in this collaboration because "Student services and academics go hand in it addresses so many of the issues that prevent entry into glove. If our students experience challenging nursing school, achievement of life events, we offer advising and monitoring—all a baccalaureate in nursing, and the opportunity to thrive as a the wrap-around services to help them complete professional nurse,” said Jean Blake, Chief Nursing Officer their studies." for UH. In addition, CSU and the ­— DR. TIMOTHY GASPAR, DEAN OF THE SCHOOL OF NURSING MetroHealth System will offer To meet this challenge, Cleveland State and a host both bachelor and master of science in nursing of partners are creating convenient and affordable degrees on site at MetroHealth. The blended pathways to enhance professional development for delivery approach, which will be eligible for area nurses while also providing the community employee reimbursement, will include in-person with the health care resources it requires. and online coursework taught by CSU professors. “Student services and academics go hand in Finally, CSU is also partnering with Cleveland glove. If our students experience challenging life Clinic to offer an on-site blended BSN program events, we offer advising and monitoring­­—all the for current clinic RNs. wrap-around services to help them complete their “As one of the largest undergraduate nursing studies,” says Dr. Timothy Gaspar, Dean of the schools in Ohio, CSU is dedicated to working with School of Nursing. our community to address the educational and CSU, University Hospitals (UH) and healthcare needs of the region,” notes Dr. Gaspar.

31

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


NEOMED Partnership Meets Urban Primary Care Needs Medical students are rolling up their sleeves in Slavic Village, Cleveland shelters, and even patients’ homes, thanks to a partnership between Northeast Ohio Medical University (NEOMED) and CSU. Medical students from NEOMED’s rural Rootstown campus now have a base on CSU’s campus and the opportunity to gain hands-on experience delivering healthcare in urban areas. Dedicated space in the CSU Center for Innovation in Medical Professions building creates opportunities for interdisciplinary education and engagement between CSU students in nursing, social work, and medical professions and NEOMED’s medical students. Through urban setting immersion, medical students gain a better understanding of the social determinants of health. “Our goal is to produce physicians who can really jump right in and practice in an urban environment,” says Dr. Meredith Bond, Dean of the

csuohio.edu/research

College of Sciences and Health Professions. The partnership, supported by $7.25 million in grants from the Cleveland Foundation, is designed to increase diversity across the medical student base. Thirty-five seats at NEOMED per year are available to CSU students to continue into medical school as either undergraduates (contingent on medical school acceptance after the sophomore year) or as post-baccalaureates changing careers or seeking academic support before taking the Medical College Admission Test. Recruitment efforts start earlier though, with pipeline events such as a health career fair exposing pre-teens to healthcare career options and offering education on the math and science requirements for college. Students from both institutions will graduate with the experience and communication skills necessary to function as an interdisciplinary team, and ultimately provide better care and outcomes for their future patients.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

32


Leading Health Research Through Collaboration

A number of CSU faculty hold adjunct faculty appointments at the region’s leading health institutions, including the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and the Lerner Research Institute at the Cleveland Clinic. Within CSU’s Center for Gene Regulation in Health and Disease (GRHD), members collaborate with these institutions to study how the malfunction of biological processes results in various diseases, and how those diseases can be prevented or treated.

The Circadian Clock’s Ties to Metabolism and Aging Restricting calories in mammals has a positive effect on overall health, so biology professor and GRHD member Roman Kondratov is

studying how the body’s internal clock may connect with dietary restriction to increase

longevity. His research team found that calorie restriction affects circadian rhythms in gene expression, and that a functional circadian clock is necessary for calorie restriction to

influence life span. Dr. Kondratov and his team previously discovered that a key circadian

protein results in early aging. They have been awarded continued funding by the National Institutes of Health to study cell signaling

pathways to better understand how organisms respond to nutrients and stress.

Tackling Sleeping Sickness The culprit behind sleeping sickness stays one step ahead

of the immune system by regularly switching the signature surface protein expressed from its telomere regions. Like

the tips of shoelaces, telomeres prevent chromosome ends

from fraying. Varying this surface antigen allows the cunning parasite to establish a long-term infection and eventually

invade the central nervous system, causing coma and death. Dr. Bibo Li, a biology professor and a member of GRHD,

has been awarded a $2.2 million extension to a National Institutes of Health grant to further study telomere functions in antigenic variation. Ultimately, her work could result in new drug targets for sleeping sickness with fewer side effects than current arsenic-based treatments.

33

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


Improving Treatment for Prostate Cancer During gestation, a human ovum follows protein instructions to

differentiate growth into organs, limbs eyes and so forth. It also receives a gene expression message at the appropriate time to stop those

processes. Cancer cells, however, don’t get turned off appropriately, and Dr. Girish Shukla, an associate professor of biology and GRHD member, studies cell signaling processes to understand what goes wrong. His

team demonstrated that the noncoding microRNAs have vast potential to

function as cancer suppressing molecules, or “off” switches, for cancer cell migration. His discoveries could potentially open opportunities for natural molecules to serve as a prostate cancer treatment without the harsh side effects of current treatments and with potentially better outcomes.

Understanding Chromosome Pairing During the process of meiosis, chromosomes are reduced by half to prepare for fusion of

paternal and maternal gametes, egg and sperm in humans.

Enter the protein destroyer

proteasome, a cellular garbage disposal that trashes discarded proteins. It was thought that

proteasomes float randomly in

the cytoplasm until Dr. Valentin Börner, an associate professor

of biology and a member GRHD, recently published paradigm-

shifting findings in the journal Science. His team discovered

that the proteasome is recruited to chromosomes as they initiate pairing during meiosis and disrupts protein-mediated

associations between incorrect

chromosome partners. This newly discovered mechanism could

offer insights into birth defects and infertility, and possible

proteasome roles in cancer tissue.

csuohio.edu/research

Shaping the Direction of NIH Research To maintain the most

effective research portfolio, the National Institutes of

Health turns to successful and knowledgeable

researchers for guidance through its Center for

Scientific Review. As a

study section member,

Dr. Bibo Li offers expert perspective on which

grants hold the greatest potential to move the

specialized field of parasite research forward. Similarly, Dr. Roman Kondratov is a member of the study

section covering cellular signaling and regulatory systems. Selection as a

study section member is an indication of a researcher’s accomplishments, and serving as a reviewer

provides an opportunity to give back and shape

the field with a "boots-onthe-ground" laboratory perspective.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

34


Cybersecurity and connected technologies are two of the latest high-tech frontiers, and nations, companies, and individuals need to properly address these phenomena or risk falling behind.


CYBERSECURITY AND CONNECTED TECHNOLOGIES “We are under constant attack by a wide range of adversaries with an even wider range of capabilities… These attackers steal intellectual property, personal data, and health information. They are thieves, vandals, saboteurs, enemies of democracy, and potentially so much more.” – DHS Secretary John Kelly, April 18, 2017 From WannaCry and leaks of Russian election hacking in May to the recent Petya/NotPetya virus, large-scale data breaches and ransomware attacks have become disturbingly commonplace. As Secretary Kelly’s remarks highlight, experts predict that the scale and scope of these attacks will only escalate in the near future. These difficult challenges offer new opportunities both for students and professionals. CSU’s new Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection, housed at the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, has positioned CSU as a leader in these critical fields. CSU is bringing together students from

law, business, IT, and engineering and teaching them to work together and communicate in each other’s language. At the same time, CSU is working with multiple partners to harness the growing power of the internet of things for the ultimate benefit of society. Through these initiatives, CSU is at the cutting-edge of efforts to address technology's risks while taking advantage of its benefits.

Highlighted Partnerships

Case Western Reserve University / The Cleveland Foundation / Cleveland eDiscovery Roundtable / CyberOhio Advisory Board / MetroLab Network / The National Cyber Exchange / Northeast Ohio CyberConsortium / Ohio Attorney General / Sedona Conference

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

36


Providing Solutions for

Northeast Ohio’s Cybersecurity Threats CSU's Cybersecurity Center is one of the first law schoolbased interdisciplinary cybersecurity centers in the U.S.

It is a news story that appears on a far too regular basis: a restaurant, a department store, or a social media company is hacked, revealing the personal or financial data of millions of users. The cost of these breaches is astronomical, and it has hit some of the most well-known names, including Target, Home Depot, Facebook, Yahoo!, Chipotle, and LinkedIn. Even government agencies are under attack. Cybersecurity, data privacy, and breach vulnerabilities are now widely recognized as a

37

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

constellation of emerging issues facing almost every business, governmental, national security, health delivery, retail, and educational entity. In spite of the clear risks posed by cybersecurity and data privacy, it has only recently been recognized as an interdisciplinary field that includes perspectives from law, business, accounting, technical security, insurance, and risk management. Cleveland-Marshall’s Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection was established to position both the law school and CSU as leaders in this growing field. The


Center, led by Professor Brian Ray, takes a cutting-edge, interdisciplinary approach to address privacy and cyber-risk management concerns. Through innovative programming, training and practical research, the Center builds partnerships bridging organizational, professional, and political divisions. Cybersecurity and privacy are the subject of a complex array of overlapping, and at times conflicting, regulatory requirements at the state, national, and international levels. Few lawyers nationwide possess the required technical expertise to effectively practice in this growing field in spite of the myriad opportunities that exist for lawyers to provide value. Increasing numbers of entry-level positions for those holding a law degree are being created within this new field. Lawyers already in practice are also discovering that they need to upgrade their skill sets to embrace this expanding area of legal work, and that an increasing numbers of job opportunities are available to those with the appropriate background. Even outside of legal careers, cybersecurity employment opportunities are driven in large part by the rapidly expanding set of legal and regulatory requirements. Cleveland-Marshall is seeking to expand cybereducational opportunities through formal degree programs like the Masters of Legal Studies (MLS), as well as through structured professional development programs that provide Continuing Professional Education and Continuing Legal Education (CPE and CLE) credit. Students Melissa Bilancini and Brendan Whitted feel well-prepared to enter the cyber field, even though neither had a computer science background

csuohio.edu/research

(Melissa was a social worker and Brendan a sociology and criminology major). According to Brendan, “A lot of lawyers who practice cybersecurity don’t necessarily understand all of the technical aspects of the cyber network… If the lawyer understands the cyber part, it leads to less overhead.” Adds Melissa, “Cybersecurity is about keeping assets and information safe, and that’s good knowledge to have.”

The Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection is the first research center of its kind housed in a law school. It is at the cutting edge of legal education and research in cybersecurity policy and development.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

38


ANNUAL CYBERSECURITY CONFERENCE EXPANDS CENTER’S INFLUENCE The Center for Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection hosted its second annual Cybersecurity and Privacy Protection Conference on April 27 and 28. The conference brought together federal and state government officials, in-house counsel, business executives, cyber insurance leaders, litigators, information security officers, and privacy managers to discuss current developments and best practices in cybersecurity and privacy protection. Featured speaker Maureen Ohlhausen, acting chair of the Federal Trade Commission, highlighted regional capabilities and public-private partnerships that can prevent cybercrime and help keep Ohio’s companies competitive and safe in an environment with constantly evolving security threats.

39

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

Preparing the Cybersecurity Workforce Cleveland-Marshall has taken a leadership role in developing coursework, externships, and research in cybersecurity to equip students with core technology and security literacy that will prepare them to use the growing number of cutting-edge tools in legal practice. For example, Cleveland-Marshall now offers an academic certificate program in cybersecurity and data privacy for J.D. and M.L.S. students. There is a chronic shortage of professionals in these fields and the demand is projected to continue to grow over the next


several decades. Much of that growth is fueled by the rapidly expanding state, federal, and transnational regulations governing information security and privacy that require legal expertise to navigate. CSU is also offering a new M.S. degree program to prepare students with the right mix of skills to address cybersecurity issues for businesses. CSU is only the second school in the nation to integrate coursework from law, business, and engineering to address the full spectrum of cyber and privacy risks through an interdisciplinary master’s degree. To address the rapidly growing need for professionals trained in electronic discovery, or “eDiscovery,” Cleveland-Marshall is hosting a new online professional development certificate program. It is the first offered by an American Bar Association accredited law school, and will teach students methods of identifying, collecting, and preserving electronically stored information (ESI) before and during litigation using eDiscovery tools that continue to grow in sophistication. The program targets attorneys as well as paralegals and other legal support personnel.

Engaging Public Understanding Cleveland-Marshall offers its expertise to the Cleveland community in a wide range of interactions, while students benefit from real world engagement and training. The Center was selected to host the only officially sanctioned cybersecurity educational event during the Republican National Convention in 2016. U.S. House Homeland Security Committee Chairman Michael T. McCaul and former Congressman Mike Rogers provided keynote addresses and a panel of experts discussed emerging cybersecurity and privacy legislation and policy. Professor Ray and Professor Candace Hoke

csuohio.edu/research

are the sole academic members of Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine’s new CyberOhio Advisory Board. They worked with CyberOhio’s Training Committee to develop a security training program for small business owners throughout the state and with the Legislation Committee to create incentives for organizations to adopt robust cybersecurity programs. In partnership with Northeast Ohio CyberConsortium (NEOCC)’s Workforce Development Committee, Cleveland-Marshall is developing an internship/externship clearinghouse that will pair students from higher education institutions across the region with cybersecurity-related positions at NEOCC member companies. This past summer, CSU worked with NEOCC and the Cyber Resilience Institute in Colorado Springs to offer CSU students the opportunity to intern at a “popup” Security Operations Center that provided cybersecurity services and analysis for the Track and Field World Championships in London.

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

40


CSU and Case Western Partner to Advance the Internet of Things The impact of high-tech industries on economic growth is easy to see in locations like Silicon Valley. As Richey Piiparinen, Director of CSU’s Center for Population Dynamics, explains in From Metals to Minds, success stories like San Francisco, Boston, and Pittsburgh are the result of knowledge assets. Cleveland boasts the know-how of a strong manufacturing base, large health care institutions, and two established research universities in CSU and Case Western Reserve University (CWRU). The two schools are joining forces to drive economic success through a new IoT Collaborative, a partnership to build research capacity across both campuses and establish Cleveland’s leadership in the internet of things. The schools made a strategic choice to focus on connected devices and data-driven solutions for industrial and civic applications, which influence almost every area of concern faced by cities like Cleveland. In spite of constrained budgets and shrinking state and federal support, cities need to find solutions to maintain civic infra-

41

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

structure, provide the best health care to citizens, and reliably deliver energy. They need a workforce that creates and supports an increasingly connected society and protects the cybersecurity and privacy of residents and businesses. “With increasing reliance on social networking systems, the fundamental structures of human contact and communication have begun to include the physical infrastructure around us in ways previously never imagined,” notes Nigamanth Sridhar, CSU’s Dean of Graduate Studies. “ This project allows CSU and CWRU to work together in new and innovative ways to provide educational and research opportunities to our region.” A key goal of the Collaborative is to generate local brain gain to drive economic growth with new technologies and applications. With 80% of CSU’s 120,000+ graduates staying in Northeast Ohio, the new partnership leverages the innovative minds of our faculty and students and their commitment to Cleveland.


CSU CO-HOSTS IOT SYMPOSIUM

CSU and CWRU hosted a symposium in May at the Wolstein Center that focused on the new IoT Collaborative. The event drew speakers locally from each university, the City of Cleveland, Cuyahoga County, and the Cleveland Foundation, as well as from Fortune 100 companies and national organizations such as the MetroLab Network, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Defense. The audience from across the region participated in discussions about shortand long-term views of the future of the IoT

space and the role that the new Collaborative and Northeast Ohio can play. The event was highlighted by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding by CSU President Ronald M. Berkman and CWRU President Barbara Snyder, and the official announcement of Cleveland State’s membership in the MetroLab Network, a national network of 40 partnerships between cities and universities focused on research and development to address urban challenges. Ronn Richard, President and CEO of the Cleveland Foundation, may have stated the need and opportunity best: “Our region’s future depends on how well we are able to mobilize people from all disciplines to help build a thriving digital community.”

Meeting Big Security Challenges in Small Devices As the internet of things

CPUs and small batteries mean

that only the sensor closest to

wireless devices are getting

and memory. But devices need

saving energy and reducing

continues to evolve, smart

smaller and tracking more

sophisticated data. The need

to maintain commercial-grade security capabilities becomes

more challenging and a greater

priority, and Dr. Haodong Wang, associate professor of electrical engineering and computer

science at CSU, is finding better ways to get more from less.

Ultra-small devices connected

to the IoT have limited resources to run security programs. Small

csuohio.edu/research

less computational horsepower to collect and relay information about their location and

physical environment with

search engine-like efficiency

and functionality. That’s a lot to ask of a tiny sensor, especially when networks and devices also need to be hack-proof

as sensors track, collect, and

transmit data in smart homes and businesses.

a device sends information,

memory requirements. He has

also developed a way to allow the graphic processing unit of

a smartphone to run encryption and decryption in parallel. As

connected technologies grow in importance, Dr. Wang’s

work is critical for enabling

sophisticated cybersecurity on shrinking devices.

Dr. Wang’s research seeks to

streamline data movement so

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

42


Through a unique partnership with the Cleveland Metropolitan School District, CSU is enhancing educational opportunities for thousands of students, while also providing one-of-akind Engaged Learning opportunities for future teachers.


LAB FOR LEARNING At Cleveland State, learning and research go beyond what is taught in classrooms or in laboratories on campus. CSU and its partners have created a regional "learning laboratory" that engages area students, from prekindergarten through the continuum of education. Through CSU’s educational partnerships with the Cleveland Metropolitan School District, faculty members engage with Cleveland teachers in action research projects and teach education students in close collaboration with K-12 educators. CSU engages school administrators through the Educational Leadership Fellows program and the First Ring Leadership Academy. The presence of two Cleveland schools on the CSU campus, Campus International School and MC2STEM, helps facilitate these connections.

When those students transition to higher education, CSU helps them develop the critical science and math skills that are needed in an increasingly technology-enabled world. CSU's colleges and the Office of Research carefully create and promote a culture of student involvement in meaningful research and scholarship across the University. The give-and-take partnership between CSU and CMSD is truly a two-way street, a strong partnership that has been recognized by the Council of Great City Schools for impact on K-12 student achievement. Similarly, faculty in STEM fields are dedicated to developing the academic and research skills that will support future generations of Northeast Ohio.

Highlighted Partnerships

American Institutes for Research / The Cleveland Foundation / Cleveland Metropolitan School District / The Cleveland Schools Book Fund / General Electric / Great Lakes Science Center / The Institute for Educational Leadership / KeyBank / The National Institute of Justice

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

44


Campus International School (CIS) is the only International Baccalaureate-accredited school in the CMSD and the first lower school in the history of downtown Cleveland. CSU provides a dedicated faculty member who assists with curriculum development and over 35 additional faculty members provide support to CIS.

The CSU-CMSD Partnership ENHANCING EDUCATION AT ALL LEVELS

One of the best examples of how Cleveland State University meets its dual missions of education and community-building is its longstanding collaboration with the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD). Through this initiative, CSU assists in improving educational opportunities for thousands of school children, provides innovative Engaged Learning opportunities for its own students, and develops innovative educational curricula and programming that can serve as national models. The partnership includes the housing of two CMSD schools on the CSU campus; multi-

45

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

ple joint research projects between CSU, the district, and individual schools; and numerous student teaching and internship opportunities for CSU students in a variety of majors. “Our partnership with CMSD is central to our mission as a University and provides tremendous benefits to our students and faculty,” says Ronald M. Berkman, President of Cleveland State. “It also represents the true essence of community engagement, illustrating how two anchor institutions can come together to better meet individual organizational goals while improving society as a whole.”


Campus International School Campus International School (CIS) was established in 2010 and is the only International Baccalaureate-accredited school in the CMSD. It currently houses grades K-9 and will expand to K-12 over the next three years. A $24.2 million building for grades K-8 opened on CSU’s campus in fall 2017, as did a renovated center for the school’s high school students. The mission of CIS is to provide holistic, community-based education for a multicultural population, based on the idea that all students can succeed with the right support and motivation. Admission is based on a lottery, but the school does not require an entrance exam and most of its population comes from the urban neighborhoods surrounding the school. CIS is one of the top 13 performers among CMSD's 72 elementary schools. CSU provides a dedicated faculty representative who assists with curriculum development and planning, and over 35 additional faculty members conduct research or provide support services for the school. Further, nearly 200 CSU students serve as

csuohio.edu/research

interns, research assistants, or student teachers at CIS, helping to further enhance the school’s mission providing positive role models for the next generation. CSU professors are also working with other schools within the CMSD to implement the International Baccalaureate model, based on CIS’ success.

MC2STEM High School MC2STEM is a year-round school with a science, technology, engineering, and math focus that integrates project-based instruction, experiential learning, and professional mentorship. Students spend their 9th grade year at the Great Lakes Science Center in downtown Cleveland, then move to the GE Lighting headquarters in East Cleveland for 10th grade. Starting in 2013, thanks largely to a $1.25 million donation from KeyBank, the high school’s students began arriving at CSU for their junior and senior years. While on campus, students receive instruction and support from CSU faculty and work alongside college students in a host of high tech laboratories across campus, including laser and robotics facilities. CSU also provides a faculty fellow to coordinate operations and multiple student teachers who gain valuable, real-world experience on the cutting edge of technology education. “MC2STEM provides our students with a truly unique experience in secondary

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

46


education and allows them to develop skills and abilities that will be critical as they move into their careers,” says Dr. Sajit Zachariah, Dean of the College of Education and Human Services at CSU. In recognition of its innovative curriculum and high quality outcomes, MC2STEM High School received special mention during President Barack Obama’s 2014 State of the Union address.

Cutting-Edge Research and Experiential Learning Initiatives CSU and CMSD are partnering on multiple research projects designed to improve educational outcomes, as well as numerous student teaching and internship programs designed to enhance training and expertise for the next generation of educators. For example, CSU and CMSD are partnering with the American Institutes for Research

(AIR) to create the Cleveland Alliance for School Climate Research. The Alliance will assess the relationship between school climate and student education outcomes in Cleveland schools and how different subgroups, including students of color and students with disabilities, are impacted differently by school climate. The Alliance is being funded by a $400,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Education’s Institute of Education Sciences. “Educational success is deeply impacted by the emotional and social climate children are exposed to at school,” says Adam Voight, Director of the Center for Urban Education at CSU and leader of the research team. “ Through this effort we hope to increase understanding of how climate affects academics and behavior for different types of students, and we eventually hope to use that knowledge to inform the way that schools in the city and nationally are organized.”

CSU, CMSD, and the City of Cleveland celebrated the opening of a new, $24.2 million facility for Campus International School on September 20. The ceremony included a ribbon-cutting and remarks from Cleveland Mayor Frank Jackson, CSU President Ronald M. Berkman and CMSD CEO Eric Gordon.

47

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch


Early Emotional Skills = Academic Success Chalkboard math involves more than counting. It calls for a child to fully

understand the problem being posed

and apply an ability to break down the

problem into manageable parts. The same

processes are required in social situations. Dr. Shereen Naser's research evaluates social emotional learning skills, which

overlap social and academic success. Dr. Naser, assistant professor of psychology

at CSU, is teaming with CMSD schools in a pilot study to evaluate outcomes when an

entire group of children are screened and receive early behavioral skill support at appropriate levels.

In addition, CSU and CMSD collaborated with the Cleveland Foundation to create the Cleveland Foundation Teaching Fellows Program. The effort places high-performing CSU students as student teachers in elementary, secondary, and special education classes throughout the CMSD. The paid, yearlong placement provides CSU students with significant real-world experience in an urban setting and also includes ongoing professional development opportunities. In exchange, CMSD receives high-quality support for its classroom teachers while also having access to a standout pool of future candidates. “We are very lucky to have such a supportive and engaged community partner who is at the forefront of urban education innovation, and this collaboration is truly a win-win for CSU, city school children, and the community as a whole,” adds Dean Zachariah.

Currently, most schools apply a “wait to fail” model for assigning support to students. Instructional or social

interventions are not enacted until after a student performs poorly or exhibits

problem behaviors. However, all students

can benefit from learning concepts such as rights and responsibilities, students right

to be heard and, likewise, responsibility to listen.

Dr. Naser, who worked with children in

Syrian refugee camps and in post-Katrina New Orleans, understands the impact of living in an environment of chronic

toxic stress. Through skills that empower children to own and address issues and

promote self-regulation, Dr. Naser wants to create a foundation of resilience that will

provide long-term benefits to schools and their students.

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

48


Students gain valuable skills while conducting cutting-edge research in CSU's NSF REU sites.

Summer Students Nationwide Attend CSU for NSF Research Experiences CSU is a hub of interdisciplinary soft matter research. It was a natural topic focus when assistant professor Jessica Bickel and associate professor Kiril Streletzky, both in the Department of Physics, contemplated applying for a National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) site grant. The interplay of chemical engineering and physics won NSF's attention, and those departments played summer host to undergraduate students whose work contributed to applications for drug delivery, sensors, and thermal coatings. The REU program is a student research immersion program as well as an opportunity to showcase CSU and Cleveland as a research destination and academic leader to the next generation of American scientists. Each summer of the

49

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

three-year program, a new group of students is assigned to a specific lab project and work closely with a faculty mentor to explore their own research capabilities and open new career paths. This summer, faculty organized lectures by speakers from NASA, the University of Akron, and CWRU, and trips to the Liquid Crystal


Making Small Moments Matter to a Child’s Mental Well-being The lunchroom and recess playground can be tough places for some kids, and can

create environments that feed into low self-

esteem and anxiety. Enter Refreshing Recess and Comfortable Cafeteria, programs

designed to encourage positive interactions,

Institute, NASA Glenn, Severance Hall, and Blossom Music Center. Students get the chance to perform meaningful research, and potentially present at conferences. In the first few weeks of the 10-week summer experience, students were “stoked” and eagerly burning the midnight oil in the lab before hitting the dorms. CSU boasts two REU sites starting this year. The second, led by assistant professor of mechanical engineering Eric Schearer and associate professor of health sciences Ann Reinthal, is focused on engineering for medical rehabilitation. Their students tackled projects crossing biomedical, mechanical, and electrical engineering, including functional electrical stimulation of muscles, prosthetics, and replacement joint models. Students met with therapists and gained clinical perspective on rehabilitative equipment use and opportunities for improvements. They re-engineered toys for children with disabilities as part of CSU’s Go Baby Go program. They visited an amputee clinic and attended a Dancing Wheels event to learn how the performers’ specialty wheelchairs were engineered. They even opted to spend a day using a wheelchair to better understand the challenges and spark ideas. “We think it’s really important that the students get to engage in learning activities with creative problem solving, and that it was interprofessional. Engineers should get used to working with other healthcare professionals and people with disabilities,” says Dr. Reinthal. At the end of the summer, the students gained the invaluable experience of presenting their research to STEM high school students in Cleveland, passing along the engineering bug.

csuohio.edu/research

social engagement and physical activity to support a healthy state of mind.

Rather than waiting for a child to

demonstrate red flags indicating anxiety or depression, occupational therapy

Professor Susan Bazyk’s program Every Moment Counts helps create literacy

around positive mental health and stress reduction for all students. This includes demonstrating the emotional value of

taking a brisk walk, aligning children’s

activities with their character strengths

and encouraging kindness. Every Moment Counts helps children and youth succeed in the classroom as well as at recess and after-school extracurricular activities.

Positive mental health is more than the

absence of mental illness. It is feeling good emotionally, doing well functionally, and

coping with challenges in everyday life. “The ‘a-ha’ is huge. Most people aren’t aware of actual mental health. They automatically think mental illness,” says Dr. Bazyk. Through the program website, schools and families

throughout Ohio and beyond can access

toolkits and training information for free online. With Every Moment Counts, pathways to

improved mental health are more accessible to

the children who need it most.


I N N O V AT I O N & E N T R E P R E N E U R S H I P

Spurring Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the Competitive Global Economy As local and regional communities seek to enhance innovation, entrepreneurship, and workforce education to support long-term economic growth, their attention naturally turns to local universities. Institutions like Cleveland State University are a key source for the most valuable assets in the innovation-driven economy: highly educated people, new ideas, research, and teaching in the field of entrepreneurship and innovation management. One of CSU’s central entrepreneurial programs is Startup Vikes. The program is an intense, 54-hour startup business competition open to students, faculty, alumni, and the community at large. This boot camp experience allows students to create a business in a weekend by applying the lean start-up business model, building product demonstrations, and receiving feedback from industry experts. Winners receive cash infusions and business planning support from CSU’s Small Business Development Center.

Brandyn Armstrong, at the time a

junior management major, enrolled in the 2015 competition with little more than an idea. He left with a fully formed business plan and a cash award he utilized to set up his own high-tech manufacturing firm. In just over two years his company, Studio Stick, which produces high quality portable recording devices for use in the music and entertainment industry, has earned significant local and national media interest including “shout outs” from rappers 50 Cent and MC Ren and a $50,000 prize from an appearance on Steve Harvey's FUNDERDOME television show.

“We are very proud of all of the businesses and social enterprises developed during Startup Vikes,” says Raj Javalgi, CSU professor of marketing and international business and one of the organizers of the initiative. “ The program provides a pathway for entrepreneurship – one that we hope all of our teams will continue to pursue.” Startup Vikes is managed by CSU’s Monte Ahuja College of Business and is part of a broad entrepreneurship curriculum designed to help prepare students to start and run their own companies. In addition, a robust internship program places individuals with companies, nonprofits, and other organizations across the region. “Through the combination of entrepreneurial, educational, and experiential initiatives, we seek to create graduates who are fully prepared to be drivers of the 21st-century economy,” says Sanjay Putrevu, Dean of the Monte Ahuja College of Business. Through a $1 million grant from the Ohio Federal Research Network, CSU is also providing business development, technology transfer, and industry outreach to universities across the state. The goal is to enhance the impact of


Accelerating Faculty Innovation CSU’s entrepreneurship ecosystem is accelerating the

“CSU and Kent State have unique research

transfer of technology from the lab to the marketplace.

portfolios that provide significant opportunities

CSU and Kent State University are combining their

for commercialization in a host of fields,” says Jack

own money with a grant from The Ohio Third Frontier

Kraszewski, Director of the Technology Transfer Office at

Commission to create the TeCK Fund, an $800,000

CSU. “This new fund will accelerate technology transfer

joint technology commercialization and startup fund.

opportunities with companies across the state.”

federal research conducted in Ohio and promote economic development in the aerospace and advanced manufacturing sectors. CSU’s entrepreneurship efforts are also international. Thanks to the support of local entrepreneur Anthony Asher, CSU and Holy Spirit University of Kaslik (USEK) in Beirut, Lebanon, have partnered to enhance entrepreneurial development in the Middle East. The universities currently host the annual Applied International Research Symposium, the

first entrepreneurship conference to be held in Lebanon. The institutions are also developing entrepreneurship curricula, faculty exchanges, and student exchanges to enhance the creation of a start-up culture in Lebanon. “It is our distinct hope that the entrepreneurial environment CSU has created will serve as a national and international model of how to combine Engaged Learning and applied research to spur start-up growth and economic growth,” adds Dean Putrevu.

Spinning Off New Ideas with the I-Corps@Ohio Program Faculty innovators at CSU are viewing their research

The first team from CSU, consisting of associate

with an eye on creating new companies and new

professor of electrical engineering Ye Zhu and

jobs by leveraging Ohio’s I-Corps@Ohio program. It

doctoral candidate Jonathan Gurary, participated

provides a $15,000 grant to aspiring entrepreneurial

in 2016. Their idea, a mobile communication

teams for training to develop a compelling

authentication technology named MobiPass,

commercialization strategy and learn skills that

evolved from previous NSF-funded research.

will support a long-term career in research and development.

Since then, three more Cleveland State teams have been trained through I-Corps@Ohio to

CSU faculty have jumped at the opportunity to move

develop the skills to spin off technologies now

their innovations out of the lab and closer to market.

and in the future.

csuohio.edu/research

@CSUresearch CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY

52


Research by the Numbers

Research is flourishing at Cleveland State University. Faculty continue to make new discoveries that contribute to our understanding of the world around us, create new technologies, advance healthcare and education, and promote economic growth.

$77.7M

2009

2016

CSU’s research has very real local impacts. The University employs research support staff, teaches students critical career skills, and supports local vendors in Ohio. In 2016, research expenditures grew to $77.7 million, the largest in CSU history.

Research expenditures have increased by 63.4 million since 2009 (Research expenditures as reported to NSF Higher Education Research and Development Survey)

53

#18

14.9%

The Brookings Institution ranked CSU 18th in the nation among public universities that provide social mobility for their students and conduct vital research that benefits society. CSU is the only Ohio university ranked in the “Best of the Best” category.

Another Brookings Institution study revealed that the mid-career salaries of Cleveland State University graduates are 14.9% higher (more than $10,000) than those of demographically comparable graduates from other higher education institutions.

CLEVELAND STATE UNIVERSITY @CSUresearch

$65 Million The City of Cleveland is investing $65 million in targeted neighborhood development on the East Side based on research by CSU’s Center for Population Dynamics. Richey Piiparinen, the Center’s director and lead author of a study commissioned by the city, noted that the area is key to economic growth and global reach through medical jobs. However, additional investment in homes for both higher and lower income residents in the local workforce is needed to unlock that potential.


Undergraduate Research Highlights National Publications BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS RESEARCH Brian

Hama, M.S. student in the Department of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, is the lead author for a peer-

reviewed paper published in the Journal of Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. His research on the development of injectable therapeutics formulations was supported by a CSU Undergraduate Summer

Research Award and he was advised by Associate Professor Chandra Kothapalli.

At Cleveland State, student research is a priority. Our emphasis on undergraduate research opportunities opens up new career paths for students and helps develop the problem-solving skills that employers value. CSU actively funds undergraduate research projects year-round, and has added innovative, National Science Foundation-funded Research Experience for Undergraduates Sites starting in 2017 [pages 49-50]. Across campus, faculty members go above and beyond their roles as instructors to organize, fundraise, mentor and chaperone students. Alumni donors support students as they travel to national conferences to disseminate research results and gain professional experience. The reward for this effort is students who gain a unique experience at CSU and skills that will pay off in their careers.

SAFETY MONITORING RESEARCH Current

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS) student Connor Gordon and 2016 graduate Abou-

Bakar Fofana are co-authors on a paper with a team of

researchers from electrical engineering, health sciences, and nursing. The article, “A Human-Centered Activity

Team Wins SPS Chapter Research Award Ilona Tsuper, Dan Terrano, and Tony Dobrila, all physics

Tracking System: Toward a Healthier Workplace,� was

students and Society of Physics Students (SPS) chapter

Systems. The research and development of the system

scientific study deducing the size and shape of gold

published in the IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine was supported through an Undergraduate Summer Research Award.

HEALTH AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE RESEARCH Undergraduate

students Allison Lowe and Davon Jones co-authored a manuscript with Professors Eddie Lam and Ken

officers, won an SPS Chapter Research Award for their

nanorods in solution. The funding from SPS will further the research that they initiated through the support of CSU undergraduate research awards. The students were co-

advised by Associate Professor of physics and SPS chapter advisor Kiril Streletzky and chemical and biomedical engineering Professor Nolan Holland.

Sparks from the Department of Health and Human

Performance. The article, published in the Journal of

Exercise Science &

Fitness, focuses on

John Juchnowski won an award for his research poster

the physiological

"Scalable Assembly of Nanoparticles onto Templated

perceptions of "fun"

Engineers Annual Student Conference in San Francisco.

responses and

by study participants during exercise

sessions. The research

Substrates" at the American Institute of Chemical

The conference attracted students and faculty from around the world, including 535 student posters.

Juchnowski's work generated interest from both

was funded by a

academic and industry attendees, and was supported by a

Summer Research

advised by Assistant Professors Jessica Bickel (physics) and

CSU Undergraduate Award.

csuohio.edu/research

Chemical and Biomedical Engineering Student Wins Conference Award

CSU Undergraduate Summer Research Award. He was coChris Wirth (chemical and biomedical engineering).


Cleveland State University Office of Research 2121 Euclid Avenue Parker Hannifin Hall, 2nd Floor Cleveland, OH 44115-2214

A LOOK BACK Professor of Physics Chu Ching Wu,

left, and Visiting Associate Professor of Physics A. P. Rusakov working in their lab at Cleveland State in

the mid-1970s. Dr. Chu, who spent close to a decade at CSU before moving on to senior positions at

Hong Kong University of Science

and Technology and the University

of Houston, is one of America’s most prominent physicists and a pioneer in the field of superconductivity. Rusakov came to CSU from the

Soviet Union in 1976 to conduct superconductivity research with

Dr. Chu, one of the few scientific

exchanges between the U.S. and the

Soviet Union during the time period.

@CSUresearch Fall 2017  

@CSUresearch is the official research magazine of Cleveland State University. The publication provides an overview of the outstanding schola...

Advertisement