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QUALITY FACTORS IMPORTANCE AND FREQUENCY HOW TO READ THESE GRAPHICS

The quality factors below were generated through research with artists from the ArtWorks Scotland peer to peer networks. We then asked artists and partners (e.g. teachers, Creative Learning Network members and staff from the NHS, Community Development and Scottish Prison Service) to respond to these factors, in terms of importance and how often they happened in projects they have been involved in.

Essential

Important

Not Important

Often

Sometimes

Rarely

Don’t Know

Artists being involved in research, planning and development with all partners/participants

Artists being involved in evaluation and documentation with all partners/participants

Artists having time to think and reflect as part of a project

Artists having professional development opportunities as part of project

A brief that allows creative input from the artist

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

21.7% 60.9%

56.5%

47.8%

60.9%

78.3%

26.1%

65.2%

52.2% 30.4%

39.1%

39.1%

60.9%

30.4%

34.8%

65.2%

69.6% 39.1%

69.6%

21.7% 4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

56.5%

47.8% 4.3%

47.8% 4.3%

47.8% 4.3%

43.5%

47.8%

47.8%

47.8%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 8.7% 47.8%

43.5% 4.3% 8.7% 43.5%

43.5%

8.7%

4.3%

4.3%

4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 43.5% 4.3% 52.2%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

26.1% 21.7%

47.8%

13% 39.1%

52.2%

82.6% 8.7% 8.7%

There is a creative approach to evaluation

Artists feel professionally valued within the project

Having ‘buy in’ and trust between all artists/partners/participants

There is time to build relations between artists/partners/participants

Numbers of participants are realistic in terms of time, budget and aims

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

13% 30.4% 69.6%

78.3%

82.6%

73.9%

73.9%

56.5%

69.6%

47.8%

69.6%

47.8% 52.2% 43.5% 17.4%

13%

4.3%

4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 8.7%

8.7% 26.1%

43.5%

8.7%

4.3% 43.5%

56.5%

26.1%

30.4%

26.1%

26.1%

21.7%

17.4%

4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

34.8%

73.9%

26.1% 4.3%

65.2%

4.3% 21.7%

69.6%

56.5% 8.7% 34.8%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 52.2%

13% 26.1% 60.9%

17.4% 30.4%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 8.7%

52.2%

21.7%

4.3% 43.5%

69.6%

Realistic expectations of what can be achieved in the time and resource

Adequate resources – financial and other – to support planning, delivery and evaluation

Understanding between all artists and partners of what each can offer one another

A contract that makes clear everyone’s roles, tasks and expectations

Having a dedicated project manager

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

IMPORTANCE

ARTIST

PARTNER

73.9%

65.2%

ARTIST

78.3%

PARTNER

ARTIST

PARTNER

60.9%

60.9%

60.9%

ARTIST

69.6%

PARTNER

65.2%

ARTIST

PARTNER

39.1%

39.1%

47.8% 39.1%

39.1%

34.8% 30.4%

34.8% 26.1%

21.7%

8.7%

4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 13% 30.4% 56.5%

43.5% 8.7% 47.8%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

51.7%

13%

21.7% 13%

43%

56.5%

65.2%

4.3%

30.4%

39.1%

26.1%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS

34.8% 13%

21.7% 26.1%

56.5% 17.4%

52.2%

52.2%

26.1%

8.7% 4.3%

HOW OFTEN THIS HAPPENS 26.1%

52.2%

17.4%

17.4%

56.5%

30.4%

Please note: because some figures have been rounded up or down, they don’t all add up to exactly 100%.

In 2012 ArtWorks Scotland researcher, Dr Fiona Dean, undertook a study with a small group of artists who work in a range of participatory settings. This led to the development of a number of ‘factors’ that artists felt were important to support high quality work. These were tested further in 2013 in order to understand the perspective of project ‘partners’ – people who work with artists as employers, managers, commissioners or co-ordinators. The ‘partners’ were asked to reflect on the usefulness of these factors and suggest any others that they thought were missing. The infographic shows some of the convergent and divergent thoughts about how important they are to both artists and partners and how often they happen in practice. To find out more about ArtWorks Scotland or read the research reports go to www.creativescotland.com/artworks ArtWorks aims to support the initial training and continuous professional development of artists working in participatory settings. This will enhance the quality of people's engagement in arts-led activity and the arts, and create a more professional and confident sector whose work is valued and seen as important.

ArtWorks: Developing Practice in Participatory Settings is a Paul Hamlyn Foundation Special Initiative with support and funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, Creativity Culture & Education (supported by Arts Council England) and the Cultural Leadership Programme. ArtWorks Scotland is match funded and led by Creative Scotland.

21.7%

QUALITY PERSPECTIVES ARTISTS & PARTNERS


ROLE PARTNERS WORK IN

YEARS WORKING IN THESE ROLES

OTHER

0-2 YEARS

4.3%

3-5

DEVELOPMENT OFFICER

YEARS

4.3%

13%

17.4%

13%

6-10

TEACHER/ FACILITATOR

YEARS

21.7%

21.7%

10+

CO-ORDINATOR

YEARS

60.9%

43.5%

LEADER/ MANAGER

ARTFORMS WHICH RESPONDING PARTNERS WORK IN

WHERE THEY’RE PLACED IN RELATION TO THE ARTIST

4.3%

FURTHEST AWAY FROM THE ROOM

60.9% LITERATURE

69.6% MEDIA/

8.7% OTHER

DIGITAL/FILM

43.5% CRAFT

95.7%

13%

43.5% MUSIC

VISUAL ARTS

IN THE ROOM

73.9%

JUST OUTSIDE THE ROOM

39.1% DANCE

39.1% THEATRE

PARTNERS SAID... 70% of partners felt the factors were a good indicator of what was needed to support quality…26% said that these factors offered some reflection on what is needed… PARTICIPATORY SETTINGS WORKED IN WITH ARTISTS

30.4% 52.2%

65.2%

21.7% 13%

17.4% 0%

13%

17.4%

HEALTH

CRIMINAL JUSTICE

39.1% 13% 17.4%

SCHOOLS

30.4% 52.2%

30.4%

26.1% 13%

EDUCATION – EARLY YEARS

Very Frequently

EDUCATION – OTHER

Often

Sometimes

While it’s advantageous for an artist to be involved in research, planning and development, I don't think it’s essential for quality work.

All of these are on the money and all realistic achievements particularly through externally funded projects which have been well researched with a programme of good consultation with partners participants and artists.

Time to build relations is important, however this should be proportionate to the participatory interaction and sometimes has to happen in the session, for example, in the first quarter of a 2 hour workshop. Professional development is a vague term… I would hope that meaningful participatory opportunities offer much in the way of development at various stages in a career…

21.7% 34.8%

…some form of partner agreement seems to be a good idea – perhaps “contract” sounds too formal and rigid…

30.4%

COMMUNITY

Partners Who Gave Additional Initial Responses To The Factors Said

Realistic is a subjective term. Teachers underestimating what can be achieved and less experienced artists overestimating what can be achieved are common difficulties. Both could argue they believed their expectations were realistic.

13%

34.8% 4.3%

13%

Partners Who Suggested Changes To The Factors Said

On a small project there may not be the need for a dedicated project manager… …the emphasis on developing quality within this field of work needs to examine: What the role of the participant is in shaping quality outcomes … Where the outcomes are presented and talked about – finding the right platform for the right product …How the work is perceived by specialist audiences and general public – what quality is within these contexts

…I think that all the points above come under the heading of 'important' to successful delivery, but not all are essential. I am not sure that any of these factors determine artistic quality. The factors described are how the work is managed and supported and although important do not essentially address how quality product is arrived at. ‘Numbers of participants are realistic in terms of time, budget and aims’; impossible and gets more impossible the more artistically and developmentally and/or strategically ambitious a project is. ‘time to think and reflect as part of the project’ […] I’m not sure about this ‘as part of the project’ bit of the statement. We all have to think and reflect as part of our roles and sadly there is rarely paid time available for this in any work context.

Thank you to all of the partners and artists who generously gave their time and thoughts to contribute to the research

Never

Source – Learning from ArtWorks Scotland peer to peer networks, 2012 and the partners survey, 2013, by Dr. Fiona Dean, the ArtWorks Scotland project researcher.


ArtWorks Scotland - Quality Perspectives, Artists and Partners