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Craigs – a Printing Company since 1876

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William Craig – the man with whom it all began – a notable Invercargill businessman. The photograph and signature are from the frontispiece of his book, Memories Connected With The Early Gold Discovered in Victoria, which was published in 1897.


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a family business

CHAPTER 1: 1876-1920


one man – William Craig. Emigrating to New Zealand – with a few adventures along the way – he established his printing company in 1876. One of the oldest surviving businesses in Invercargill, it is still going well some 134 years later. It is doubtful if William would recognise the company today, so far has it come from the small cottage in Tay Street, where it was known as Wm Craig & Co., to the thriving industry now situated in Yarrow Street. There are still a few items left from the original plant which he would remember, including an early copper plate ornately engraved with the company’s name and services and an Arab treadle printing press.


William Pullman Craig was born in Skerries, Dublin, Ireland, in 1831. He was the son of William, the Customs Officer of Dublin, and his wife Frances, née Pullman. William had a brother named Samuel and a sister. William was 19 years old when he and Samuel left Ireland for Australia. They sailed from London in the Scinde, early in 1852, with a ship’s company of 300, most of whom were young Englishmen bound for the new land. Peter Lalor, a fellow passenger and Irishman whom William came to know, was appointed to the Victorian parliament in Australia and later became Speaker of the Legislative Assembly. They remained friends and whenever Peter was in New Zealand, he took time to visit William when he could. After a voyage of just under four months, the vessel entered Port Phillip Heads, Melbourne, in Victoria. Almost immediately the crew deserted and made for the goldfields. In 1851, gold had been discovered in a waterhole near Bathurst, New South Wales, which marked the beginning of the Australian

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Copyrighted Material country in the world to do so); the Old Age Pensions Act came into being in 1898, when persons over the age of 65 received a state funded pension; and in 1901 an Invercargill man, Ernest Godward, invented the spiral hairclip. In 1874 the first New Zealand steam engine was built in Invercargill. By 1879 it was possible to travel from Christchurch to Invercargill by train. Trams were a popular mode of transport within the township with the first horse-drawn tram service commencing in 1881. In 1898 the first cars were imported into the country and by 1901 there were three or four vehicles in Invercargill competing with the equine traffic. Invercargill’s population numbered around 10,000 people by 1900, the year H&J Smith’s first shop opened in Dee Street. Other early Invercargill businesses which date from around the time of Wm Craig & Co., and remain today, include The Southland Building Society, which was formed in 1869, The Southland Times and auctioneers William Todd & Co. Ltd, 1865.

The Arab patent platen printing machine. These steam or treadle-powered printing presses were manufactured from 1872 until 1959 and printed foolscap size – slightly larger than A4. Printing on such a machine was a manual task. Craigs has this old platen, part of William Craig’s original plant, stored in its factory.


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Ornamental and large lettering was achieved with carved wooden letters and copper blocks mounted on oak bases. The wooden letters shown here, originally used in Craigs’ 19th century comp room, were made into a framed artwork which can be seen today hanging in the front office. COURTESY W. H. MOSS A typical example of the typography of the day, this catalogue cover was printed in 1891.

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Between 1923-25 Craigs operated out of both of the two buildings shown above in 1924. To the left of the new premises is the Southland Building and Investment Society. COURTESY INVERCARGILL PUBLIC LIBRARY

THE SHOP MOVES NEXT DOOR In 1923 the company moved next door to its original premises with a small household and commercial stationery retailing shop operating from 67 Tay Street. The shelving of the new shop went right up to within half a metre of the ceiling. This new retail shop gave Craigs the opportunity to expand its range and office machines were added to its saleable products. Early sole agencies included Twinlock Loose Leaf Books, Roneo Filing Systems and Remington Typewriters. Early records state that Tom Metcalfe constructed the main building at 67 Tay Street where the shop was then housed, in 1923. Photos of the time show there was an original one-storey building there (see page 38), at least 45 years old. This building was then demolished and a new structure built. The printing works shifted to the new address two years later when the rear building was completed.


Ray Gerrard at work on New Zealand’s first Heidelberg platen, c1925. This is the earliest photograph taken inside Craigs’ premises that has been found.


With a larger building the firm was able to update its machinery and two major pieces of equipment were purchased soon after the shift. The Monotype was bought in 1925 and, progressively, that same year, Craigs installed the first Heidelberg platen to arrive in New Zealand, purchased from Mr A. M. Satterthwaite. Known as the ‘Rolls Royce’ of printing presses, this automatic printing machine was invented in 1913 by a German printer named Karl Gilke who conceived the idea of rotating grippers. Towards the end of the 20th

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Copyrighted Material Below: Old shop and office miscellanea, once in use by Craigs, on display in the shop today. Clockwise, from centre: Rexel Universal Stapler (1946, made in England); Sherman Paper-Holder (clipboard, patented 1891, manufactured by Geo. H. Richter & Co., Boston, Massachusetts); Plus calculater (1950s, manufactured by the Dell Punch Company Limited, London); glass paperweight (although the photograph of Craigs’ frontage is from 1925, there is a label dated ‘1908’ beneath the weight); Johann Faber pencil (can be dated between 1876-1931, Bavaria); ‘Spool O Wire fastener’ (stapler, patented 1919, manufactured by the Remington Typewriter Company, New York).

Copper and lead blocks inside a wooden typecase, all of which was once used at Craigs. COURTESY W. H. MOSS

Monotype lettering for a job for Broad Small, Hardware Merchants, Dee Street, Invercargill. COURTESY W. H. MOSS

The new company’s label. This image still has a feel of the late Victorian / art nouveau style, but promotional cards printed in the late 1920s (see page 51) were designed in the newer art deco style. COURTESY W. H. MOSS

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‘Bud’ Winter and Keith Helm working the Demy hand-fed cylinder, c1950.

Message boy Adrian Turner. COURTESY ADRIAN TURNER

who commanded respect because he offered it. The day I dropped a whole parcel of Invercargill City Council driving licences into a water-filled gutter must have been a severe test of his patience, but he didn’t utter a cross word. I remember, though, the sorrowful expression on the face of the printer/binder when Lawrie (who was always Mr Asher to me) showed him the damage. “In those days I had to get parcels to the buses by 4pm: H&H Motors, and The Southland News bus. That was always the first delivery, followed by parcels marked ‘urgent’ and then the run-of-the-mill deliveries. “Each year there were calendars to deliver, and there were so many I despaired of getting them done, and worked as fast as I knew how. I thought it was just part of the job, and roped in my cousin who did a few for me. When I was paid an extra three pounds for the calendars I was amazed – and not a little put out that my cousin, who did hardly a quarter of them, was paid the same! “I was going to a five o’clock session of the movies with my mother one Friday evening, and I was just about in tears because there was so much to deliver I didn’t think I’d be finished in time, but when I asked Lawrie if I could possibly leave one or two of the non-urgent parcels, explaining why, he said immediately, ‘Of course’. I was inordinately grateful.” Adrian worked at Craigs for a couple of years, until moving north.

ANNUAL HOLIDAYS The question of whether annual holidays should be staggered over the year or whether the whole company should close for a period over Christmas and New Year was discussed in 1950; it was resolved that all annual holidays were to be held simultaneously and the company closed for a period over Christmas and New Year, something that still happens to this day to a certain degree except for the shop. By 1952 it decided that it would remain open over the holidays in line with the other stationers.


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Copyrighted Material THE BOXMAKING DEPARTMENT Noel Pink started with the company as a message boy in 1949. As he did not have any secondary school grounding he could not take an apprenticeship and was subsequently offered a job in Craigs’ box department. “I was quite happy working there,” said Noel. “We made all sorts of cartons. Cartons and boxes for the freezing works; big heavy boxes for containers of livers – the tins were about 10 to 11 inches high. We made these boxes for Southland Frozen Meat. Two or three different types of other boxes for sweetbreads and kidneys. And a variety of other stuff; cake boxes for H&J Smith and other bakers around the town. Hat boxes for H&Js – quite large hat boxes with fancy stripe printing round which had to be matched up. “We printed the lot. There was a big old flatbed printing machine, a good eight or ten feet long, hand fed. The feeding table was about three foot high; we used to use it as a table for our morning and afternoon teas. “When it came to the cutout stuff, we had a metal wraparound that we would wire on so that the cylinder wasn’t damaged by the blades. “It was a very physical job. We had hundreds and hundreds of tons of different kinds of card in stock. This was all loaded on trucks down at the railway when it came in [to Invercargill]. It was all wrapped up in heavy craft cardboard and roped four ways. They were done in 100 cwt bales and we had to load them from the railway wagon on to the truck, stack them up and take them round to where they were stored. They were all humped off again and stacked up pyramid-style. Very heavy. “For a number of years we had cardboard stored in Leet Street which we used to get carted round by trucks.

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The Double Royal, used in box-making.


Copyrighted Material Eddie Haycock operates the Albert press in August 1961. The stairs lead to the old darkroom at the far end of the factory. COURTESY W. H. MOSS

THE ALBERT PRESS This letterpress machine was able to print sheets of paper ranging from 8 1/4 inch and 11 3/4 inch to 22 x 31 1/2 inches at a maximum speed of 4000 impressions per hour.

train. Because of my lack of knowledge of the actual machinery it was important that these people went off to study the machinery themselves and make a recommendation.” Fenton said that if his staff recommended a certain piece of equipment, then that was the answer. “I can remember Alex Barclay recommending the Polar guillotine, and I knew that he was going to make it work.” New plant included the purchase of the Albert Automat Export Grala, a letterpress machine; a plan printing machine; and a Polar 107 Electromat guillotine.

UPGRADING THE SHOP AND OFFICE A tender of £8689 was accepted from G. Brockett & Son in 1961 for major alteration work to the stationery shop and upgrading of the office. These alterations were carried out in February 1961. An internal staircase was erected for access to the main office upstairs and the interior wall surrounding Ernest Adams cake shop was removed. The company’s retail shop was extended and modernised. Apart from the cake shop, the rest of the building was taken over by Craigs. Although the cake shop remained, its bakehouse at the rear moved to Yarrow Street. Fenton recalled that “the shopfront was old and needed a lot of attention and we let a contract with a building firm, Brockett and McKenzie, for substantial alterations to the shop. During this period Mrs Annie Amelia Wilson, who was the major shareholder, confronted Mr Brockett on more than one occasion during the


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Top: The shop’s new display fitments were made by Ivan L. Bulling, Otatara. The flat top units were provided with sliding doors for easy access and to reserve stocks underneath. Plenty of room was left for customers to move around the showroom. PHOTO: HAZLEDINE’S STUDIO LTD PHOTOGRAPHERS In August 1961 Craigs had a three-page advertising spread in The Southland Times and a four-page spread in The Southland Daily News which featured all the company’s recent renovations, especially the shop alterations and the process engraving department.

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The Linotype is positioned in its new home. Above: Jim Mollison, Bill McLachlan, Mike Downham, Ray Maitland, Lawrie Asher and Colin Smith watch as the Linotype is cautiously lowered. Below: Alex Barclay, Jim Mollison, Lawrie Asher, Ray Maitland and Colin Smith heave the Linotype into position. Facing page: Above: The new comp room, fully furnished and ready for action, October 1974. Below: The Monotype poised for action in its small office at the end of the comp room. PHOTOS: STAN TAYLOR

The two storeys housed the factory on the top floor and the office and car park on the ground floor, not to mention a rodent or two. Basically, the factory was one huge room, hard to heat and very cold in winter. The north side contained the press room, guillotine and paper store. The east side had a couple of small offices and the tearoom next to the bindery. On the west was the darkroom, plate store and art department. On the south were two Linotype machines with the comp room in the centre. A flight of steps bookcased each end of the factory. But even with the larger premises, McKenzie Print was not large enough to contain Alister’s vision of the future. His purchase of a large Roland two-colour offset meant space was at a premium.


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Copyrighted Material PLATES WITHOUT FILM In May 1981 a Mitsubishi Silvermaster platemaker was installed. Plates could now be produced without the medium of photographic film for short run, onecolour work, saving time and expense and making small runs more cost effective. This was just one of the many revolutionary changes Stan Taylor had witnessed over the years impacting dramatically on the printing industry. Decades of block making for letterpress printing gave way to images being transferred to film and aluminium plates. The work was greatly simplified and with the introduction of the Silvermaster became even more so with the production of ‘paper’ plates, although the material was in fact polyester. The paper plates had a short life and the Silvermaster was used in tandem with film and metal plates for the more sophisticated colourwork and long run jobs. With the addition of the Silvermaster, certain jobs became a lot easier to produce with 14 school magazines being printed within a couple of months. Even though

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The factory in 1981 with its fleet of offset presses. At the back: Unknown (on left) and Garry Fraser behind the Solna Perfector. In the middle: Alister McKenzie, Ellen van Empel and Ken McAuliffe in front of the Kord. At the front: Unknown (on left) Lloyd Stridiron on the Hamada Star and Blair Marshall on one of the GTOs. On the righthand side, out of sight, are two Miehles and the Roland. Several platens are hidden behind the Solna Perfector.


Copyrighted Material Five days before Christmas 2005, a ‘summer shower’ floods about a third of Craigs’ buildings. Tony Phillips wades through the carpark ‘lake’ to bring help in the form of a hose. PHOTO: BEN JOHNSTON

Willing helpers Donna Wybrow, Theresa Shields, Yvonne Arnold, Brent Hollingworth and (below) Mandy King, Kevin Baker and Catherine Robinson. try to keep up with the flow. PHOTOS: BEN JOHNSTON

certificate for having reached the Enviro-Mark Silver Standard awarded by Landcare Research/Manaaki Whenua followed by Gold status in 2009.

WATERLOGGED December 2005 had been unseasonably humid. Day after day of stifling conditions were halted temporarily by a sudden downpour soon after lunch. After a brief barrage of thunder and


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Copyrighted Material lightning, the heavens opened and within minutes staff were poised for the worst. The paper store was the first hit as the rainwater flowed down the ramp into the delivery area. The single drain in the carpark could not compete with the deluge and the overflowing water soon encroached into prepress. The bindery was even worse affected and Bill McLachlan was soon on his way to find help. The carpark became a lake, with a bubbling fountain where the main drain used to be. Water lapped as high as the hubcaps of the parked cars. Staff were glued to the window in amazement; never before had they felt so much like they were working inside a goldfish bowl. As a stressed Bill drove up into the carpark, waves splashed into the bindery door. Undaunted, the press guys kept on working... The small outdoor room encircled by prepress soon contained a deep pool and the water in the plate room and the back of the bindery threatened to flow over into prepress, with its multitude of electrical components and computer hard drives situated on the floor. Rags were quickly gathered up and positioned by the doors as sandbags. Water crept into the machine room and took over the area near the guillotine and made its way quietly into the plate room. Fortunately paper stock and finished jobs in the bindery were on pallets, otherwise much work would have been lost.

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Boys, beer and a barbecue, 2004. Ken McAuliffe, Brendon Andrews, Chris Dawson, Steve Russell, Andy Evans, David Bryant (Agfa rep) and Bill McLachlan.

The company’s new fleet of vehicles, 2004. From left: Ron Tomlinson, Nick Edwards, Kevin Baker and Ruth Lieshout.


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Overview of the factory floor, 2007. Jeff Warnock (left) and Richard Wills operate the A2 Komori, with Andy Evans, Jason Heffer and Mark Humphrey in the background.

there and they weren’t really tapping into it at all. I mean, there’s not a lot of growth in Invercargill; you’ve only got to look back ten years ago as to how many printers there were and how many there are today, and I think we’ll see more changes to come.” Several months after the new shop was established it had to close for a day when the Lakes District winter weather hit hard. “It was quite a day,” recalled shop manager John Quinn. “The photo [p322] was taken after we closed the shop due to the treacherous road conditions. It shows my wife Karen’s truck. She came to pick me up after I had earlier abandoned my ute just north of the Shotover River bridge and hitched a ride back to the showroom.”

RESPONDING TO TODAY’S CHALLENGES In its never-ending quest to keep ahead of the competition, to provide better service and to further lift the quality of the printed product, the company purchased substantial new pieces of equipment in 2007 – a flow wrapper for the bindery and CTP (computer-to-plate) technology for prepress. The Fujifilm Luxel V-6 CTP was installed mid-2007. This meant the end of film, 70 years after the photoengraving department was established.


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Copyrighted Material This new purchase was followed soon after by the Ilapak Carrera flow wrapper, a Swiss machine weighing one-and-a-half tons and four metres long, which was installed in the bindery. This machine automatically wraps plastic around single books. Technology is not cheap. “Nearly a quarter of a million dollars for computer-to-plate [CTP],” remarked Rodger Wills. “Five years ago CTP cost half a million. We paid $350,000 for the imagesetter. There’s been a lot of changes in this area. “There is not another print company in the South Island that has all of the equipment that Craigs has. We can do most things [in house]. Most printing companies are printers only; they print and then the job is then sent away to the binders. They don’t do the origination either. “We still struggle to get enough work. Craigs has spent a lot of money [on equipment]; we’ve borrowed a lot of money, but we’ve got to pay that back. We have to make the business profitable at the same time. There’s a huge cost of doing what we do; the cost of good capital plant is horrific; a lot of industries don’t have big

Andy Evans operates the Heidelberg cylinder (left) with Jason Heffer and Mark Humphrey at the company’s single remaining GTO, 2007.

Rodger Wills proudly displays the company’s second Gold Medal achieved at the Pride in Print awards, 2007.

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Shields, Theresa 2, 186, 227, 228, 243, 244, 266, 267, 302, 306 shiftwork 285 Shirley, Alan 6, 97, 126, 255, 275, 281, 310, 318, 319, 327, 332 Shirley, Alma 91 Shirreffs, Connie 87, 88 shop 82, 83, 101, 102, 103, 121, 123, 125, 130, 131, 131, 132, 133, 178, 190, 207, 214, 215, 216, 235, 236, 237, 241, 263, 264, 283, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 296, 297, 317, 317, 321, 331, 332 Shuttleworth, Noel 88, 107, 113, 206 Shuttleworth, Valmay (née Rooney) 106, 206 Silvermaster, Mistubishi 199, 297 S. I. McHarg Ltd 296 Sipa, William (Will) 317, 336 slug 96, 146 Smith, Colin 2, 134, 137, 142, 155, 192, 203, 217, 220, 220, 230, 243, 244, 250, 256, 258, 258, 259, 260, 260, 261 Smith, Deidre 137, 259 Smith, Robert (Bob) 125, 134, 136 Smith, William 24 smoking 114, 132, 169, 304 Snoep, Kim (née McGregor) 195, 196, 219, 228, 232, 233 social club 66, 88, 124, 149, 194, 195, 196, 197, 209, 213, 243, 326, 329 software, graphic design 321 Soper, Eddie 100, 106 Soper, Lyndal 194 South New Zealand Finance Company 20 South Otago Freezing Co.Balclutha 76 Southern Cross 34, 79 Southern News 12 Southland A&P Show 12, 63, 65 Southland Art Society 132, 232 Southland Boys’ High School 60 Southland Building Society 22, 48, 214 Southland Business of the Year Award 227, 229 Southland Coal Co. 42 Southland Country Music Hall 210

Southland Daily News 12, 13, 15, 16, 54, 60, 79, 103, 120, 189 Southland Enterprises 312 Southland Farmers’ Cooperative Association 27 Southland Federation of Master Printers Association 93, 97, 105, 123, 220 Southland Frozen Meat Co. 76, 85 Southland Ice Cream Company 87 Southland Museum & Art Gallery 16, 114, 139, 232 Southland News 12, 13, 34 Southland Printing & Publishing 337 Southland Times 12, 13, 22, 29, 54, 60, 79, 89, 96, 112, 120, 122, 123, 127, 129, 131, 137, 188, 189, 308 Southland Wool Board, The 314 South Seas Exhibition 45 Sparks, Warren 209 Spicers Paper 296 staff, casual 225 staff level 224, 225, 254, 261, 302 staff picnic 66, 67, 67, 69, 82, 88, 91, 106, 149 Stanhope, Norman 116 Stanton Brothers 340 Stark, Dale 136 Stark, R. G. 92 Starlettograph 147 State Coal 83 Stationery and Office Products Association of New Zealand (SOPANZ) 235, 239 Steel, Bronwyn (Sid) 195, 196, 219 Stenton, Bill 76 Stenton, Shirley 86 Stephen, Helen 40, 43, 58, 59, 67, 68, 87, 88, 106, 110, 110 Stephens, Christine (née Cahill) 125, 203, 206 Stephens, David 2, 123, 136, 244, 175, 189, 203, 204, 205, 206, 261 Stevenson, Thomas Fraser 106, 110, 114, 115 Stevenson, Hayley 2, 228, 233 Stewart, Antony 310, 320, 321, 327, 333, 334 Stirling, Margaret 259, 276, 296, 311, 321, 323, 340 Stout & Lillicrap 41 Strettell, Cecily 104, 106 Stridiron, Lloyd 2, 126,

159, 173, 183, 189, 185, 198, 203, 219, 228 stripping, film 174, 203, 244 Stuart, Dawn 280 Swain, Deborah (Debbie) 2, 195, 203, 209, 221, 228, 253, 311, 336 Swain, Ken 274, 327 swine flu 333 Summer parade 270 Sunday Star Times, The 37 superannuation 82, 137, 148, 230, 269 Sutherland, Allison 2, 203, 228, 244, 253 Sutherland, Peter 244, 261 Sutton, Maree 2 Sycamore Print 126, 195, 208, 258, 275


Uniforms 214, 239, 240, 248


Van Empel, Ellen (Ellie) 2, 126, 146, 147, 147, 156, 195, 195, 198, 203, 213, 224, 228, 243, 244, 248, 261, 310, 311, 312, 321, 326, 329, 334, 350, 360 Van Empel, Rosemary 261 Vickery & Inkersell Ltd 90 Voice, Lorraine 237 volleyball team 195 Vorderleitner, Helmut 107, 113 V. R. Jackson Ltd 131, 236

The illustrated history of

Whitcoulls 195, 204, 241, 264 White, Leo 55, 65 Whitfield, Nina 253 Whitford, Margaret 2, 244, 249, 255, 261 Wiggins Teape (NZ) Ltd 165 Wilkinson, Jackie 59 Williams, L. 141 William Todd & Co. 22 Willis, Karen (née Taylor) 195, 203, 208, 221 Wills, Brock 337 Wills, Eleanor 274, 299, 304, 336, 337, 338, 341, 341 Wills, Emma 338 Wills, Holly 337 Wills, Kate 338 Wills, Kelly 302, 339 Wills, Richard 284, 310, 324, 337, 337, 341, 341 Wills, Rodger 4, 6, 146, 272, 273, 274, 275, 280, 281, 281, 283, 284, 284, 285, 288, 294, 298, 299, 304, 308, 309, 310, 310, 323, 324, 325, 325, 327, 334, 334, 335, 336, 337, 339, 339, 341, 341 Wills, Sophie 337 Wills, Tony 299, 310, 318, 331, 337, 337, 341, 341 Wilson, Annie 39, 42, 68, 82, 92, 93, 102, 119, 120 Wilson, Arthur 33, 38, 39, 39, 42, 43, 52, 57, 68, 70, 81, 82 Wilson, Barney 56, 68 Wilson, Elsie 2 Wilson, Eva 181, 223 Wilson, Joan 195, 203, 227, 228, 257 Wilson, Lynne 186, 195 Winter “Bud” 84 Wisely, Alice 163, 168 Wm Smith Printer 24, 24, 34, 77, 94, 94-97, 126-28, 139, 144, 304 – staff 125 wooden type 23, 63, 156 working week 63, 258, 260 World War I 32 World War II 34, 54, 55, 73, 75 Worthington, Edna 157 Wright, John 116 Wrightsons 314 Wybrow, Donna 283, 298, 302, 306, 311, 314, 315 W. Wheeler 131

Craigs – a Printing Company since 1876


Taggart, Joe 59, 79 Tait, Sheree (prev. Sinclair née Thwaites) 195, 196, 203, 216, 228, 232 Taylor, Dot 202 Taylor, Stanley (Stan) 4, 43, 55, 68, 70, 73, 75, 89, 92, 106, 109, 124, 156, 175, 195, 202, 203, 205, 353 The World’s Fastest Indian 301 Thomas, Jill 2 Thomas, Leslie (Les) 117, 120, 159 Thomas, Pauline 158 Thompson, Hughie 87 Thompson’s Lemonade 114 Thomson & Beattie Ltd 93 Thomson, John Turnbull 11 Thwaites, Helen 209 Timaru Herald 95 Times Printing Service (TPS) 129, 172, 188, 189, 190, 257 – staff 190 Toia, Margaret 167, 227, 256, 267 Tomlins, Miss M. 136 Tomlinson, Ron 287, 288, 307, 322, 333, 356 Toomer, Lana 323 Tremain, Garrick 299, 327 Trustees Executors, The 95 Turner, Adrian 83, 99 typesetting 12, 111, 127, 171, 174, 177, 180, 193, 221, 222, 223 typewriter 48, 82, 83, 105, 131, 174, 216, 235 typewriter repair room 57


Wachner, Abraham 74 Waite & Sheard Honley 139 Waitomo News, The 37 Walker, David 99, 104 Walker, Keith 2, 117, 152, 164, 197, 206, 217, 228, 252 Walker, Jeff 327 Walker, Margaret 117 Walker, Robyn (née Troon) 154 Walsh, Norman 127, 162, 189, 191, 191, 192, 200, 200, 217, 236 Walsh, Norman (Norrie) 56, 62, 68 Walter Guthrie & Co. 20 Ward, Betty 104 Ward, Sir Joseph 26 Ward & Co. 77 Wards, Jan 304 Wards, Richard 304 Warner Bros 348 Warnock, Jeffrey (Jeff) 2, 195, 196, 213, 227, 228, 232, 252, 311, 324 watermarking 294 Watties Book of the Year Awards 210 Waugh, Richard 269, 326 Webb Stark & Co. 92, 97 website 321 Whitcombe & Tombs Ltd 108, 110,120, 127 Whites Aviation 55, 65 Williamson Jeffery Ltd 42, 122 Wilson, Donald 92 Wilson, Alex 97 Weaver, Kerry 237 Whangarei Advocate, The 33 Whitaker, Miss 55

Established in Invercargill in 1876, Craigs is one of the oldest printing companies still operating in New Zealand today.

From humble beginnings 134 years ago, this book tells Y of the Contemporaries Art firm’s long history – its highs and lows, its printing Young plant Exhibition 132, 232, 233, 265, 266, 271, 271, 298 and retail stationery division and, of course, its people. Young Enterprise Scheme 250

THE AUTHOR – Having worked for the company for over 35 years, graphic designer Ellen van Empel (Ellie) has been well-placed to write – and design – this history of Craigs. This is her first (and, most probably, last!) published book. In her spare time Ellie’s interests include art, reading, genealogy, music, travel and pandering to the every whim of her ginger cat, Spike. Left: Ellie having a trying time on a Mac G4, 1999. PHOTO: STEVE MACKRELL Right: Ellie with the prepress department, 1994. Peter Lyall, Colin Adamson, Ellie van Empel, Kath Shirley, Peter Sutherland, Marilyn Bates, Margaret Whitford. In front: Joyce Gilbertson, James McLeod and David Stephens. Absent, Helen Muirhead.


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A Company of Characters  

History of Craigs Design & Print Ltd, Invercargill