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TOWN PLANNING DESIGN WORKSHOP

A.Y. 2017 - 2018

Prof. CONCILIO Grazia, MEDINA AMARAL Talita, SCRUGLI Patrizia, BOLCHI Paola Eva

COMMUNITY MAGNET Trigger an opportunity involves a Domino effect Tr i g g e r a n o p p or tun ity, tric k a Dom in o


Siamo tre giovani aspiranti architetti coscienti dell’importanza delle aree verdi nel contesto cittadino. In questa esperienza progettuale abbiamo approfondito le dinamiche di sviluppo di un’area verde che negli anni a venire potrebbe diventare una risorsa preziosa per la città di Milano. Ci auguriamo di riuscire a coinvolgervi con il nostro entusiasmo.

Ansar Ben Haj Kacem

Laura Di Battista

GROUP 2

Mohamed Mansour


Index QUALITATIVE ANALISIES • Boundaries 9 • Landmarks and landscape 10 • Activities CASCINAS 12 SPORTS 13 • Opportunities 14 • Overflowing 16 • Mosquitoes 17 QUANTITATIVE ANALISIES • Constraints and elevation 21 • Mobility LOW 22 MEDIUM FAST • Reachability 24 • Walkable distances 25 SCENARIO • Concept FIRST PHASE 29 SECOND PHASE THIRD PHASE • Masterplan 30 • Areas of intervention 31 • Time based actions 32 • M4 34 • A 51 38 • Lambro river 44 • Novegro 46 VISUAL CONNECTION

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QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS


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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIES

BOUNDARIES and connection shape BOUNDERING AND CONNECTION SHAPE In this diagram, we intend to show the hierarchy of the roads/paths of the area in order to have, first an idea of the nature of the areas (agriculture, romantic park, historical grid...) but also to be able to analyse the presence or lack of connection between the different parts of the park. The diagram shows the richness in the diversity of the area but also the disconnection of the different paths (in red). In fact, we can see that the walkable areas are completely disconnected and this underlines that the actual situation of the park is a patchwork of different disjoined areas. Of course, there are other elements of disconnection and enclosure. These elements may be natural (as Lambro River) but also human made (Railways and highways) usually resulting of the expansion of the city.

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

6_ Parco Esposizioni

7_ Europark

8_ Idroscalo parking

9_ Novegro parking

10_ Linate Airport

11_ Linate parking

12_ Forlanini Artwork

13_ FORLANINI PARK

14_ Pedestrian bridge

15_ A 51 bridge

16_ Boston Scientific

17_ Train bridge

18_ A2 Gas tower

19_ Train station 11


Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

ACTIVITIES Cascine

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

ACTIVITIES Sports

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

Cascinas offers different kind of activities in anactivities Cascinas offers different kind of Cascinas offers different kindinofan activities in an urban and country context distant less than urban and country context distant less than urban and country context distant less than 6km from the city center of Milan, which is a 6km from the6km city from center Milan, which is a which is a theofcity center of Milan, good trap to attract people.

good trap togood attracttrap people. to attract people.

While other cascina`s complex in the area, cascina`s complex in the area, in the area, While other cascina`s complex even if theyWhile are notother active, they characterise even if they are not active, they characterise even if they are not active, they characterise the space with their historical architecture.

the space with historical architecture. thetheir space with their historical architecture.

Social Media rates are important to understandSocial if theseMedia activities are Media appreciated rates are important to important to Social rates are from the users, and as we can see the iflower understand ifunderstand these activities are appreciated these activities are appreciated rate is 4/5 from so wethe canusers, sayfrom that theasactive and we can the users, andsee asthe we lower can see the lower cascinas in rate the park areso attractive and that the active is 4/5 weiscan rate 4/5say so we can say that the active appreciated enought to be considered as cascinas in the park are attractive and cascinas in the park are attractive and magnets.

appreciated appreciated enought to be considered enought to beas considered as magnets. magnets.

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

SPORT activities Sport activities in Forlanini attract a great concentration of people able to participate, in the future improving the functionality and the efficiency of the park. Considering the strong presence of sport complex (private) but also multisport areas (public) in the central area of the park and on the area of Idroscalo, we may consider these two zones as magnets. In this case, with magnet we intend areas that already wroks as an attraction for people.

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

BANKS WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

OVERFLOWING map The water flooding problem is one of the consequences of the artificial banks that have been added to the Lambro River, where the banks have been tighten making hard to the river to contain the quantity of water in case of abundance, and for this reason, the flooding phenomena is very frequent in this area. Close to via Taverna/via Salesina, the only accessible and walkable area of the banks, the flood situation is the worst. The flux of water of the river is very diverse during the year, and in case of rainfall, this flux increases a lot also due to the presence of Golf Forlanini’s hills.

BANKS WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

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Q U A L I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIES

MOSQUITO and possible solution Nelle aree agricole la presenza delle zanzare crea seri problemi di fruizione delle aree a meno che non si usi un repellente. In tale situazioni si possono utilizzare diverse piante tipiche dell’area che funzionano da repellente naturale.

MOSQUITOES and possible solution

QUALITATIVE ANALYSIES

In the agricultural zones of the park, we noticed a high and terrible invasion of mosquitoes that causes serious problems of exploitation of the area. The presence of such a country situation in the park is very rare in a metropolitan city as Milan, and for this reason we intend to use a natural and ecological tool; local plants along the internal paths that wroks as a repellent for mosquitoes and helps to improve the confort of a promenade.

KEYMAP

MOSQUITO

Nelle aree agr crea seri prob meno che non In tale situazio piante tipiche repellente natu

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QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS


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Q U A N T I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

CONSTRAINTS AND ELEVATION LOCATION CONSTRAINTS

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Q U A N T I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

MOBILITY high, medium and low

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Q U A N T I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

MOSQUITO and possible solution Nelle aree agricole la presenza delle zanzare crea seri problemi di fruizione delle aree a meno che non si usi un repellente. In tale situazioni si possono utilizzare diverse piante tipiche dell’area che funzionano da repellente naturale.

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Q U A N T I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

REACHABILITY based on 500m radious

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Q U A N T I TAT I V E A N A L Y S I S

WALKABLE DISTANCES

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SCENARIO


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SCENARIO

CONCEPT

CONCEPT

FIRST PHASE Get over the barriers Throught a tunnel and two pedestrian bridges, we will get throught the natural and human-made barriers that split the park into pieaces. The railways, the Lambro river and the highway won’t present a barrier anymore.

SECOND PHASE Main point acces In three point accesses, we will redevelop the space to improve its quality but also, thanks to these strategic areas, the connection between and across several areas of the park will be restored.

THIRD PHASE From City Center to Idroscalo As a last phase, all the fragments of the area will finally be connected and it will be possible to reach Idroscalo from the City Center of Milan thanks to a continous bike/pedestrian lane that crosses Grande Parco Forlanini along the east/west axis.

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EXISTING MAGNETS

TRIGGERING AREAS

30 recreational area

IDROSCALO

recreational / educational spaces

COLLECTING GREEN SPACE COLL

residential/industriall area

NOVEGRO

recreational area

FORLANINI ROMANTIC PARK

recreational area

CENTRO SAINI

social inclusion area

Restored CASCINA converted in PET TERAPHY

recover green space to comunity - overflowing area

HIGHWAY JUNCTION

social inclusion area

ex M4 AREA converted in PET TERAPHY

recreational - educational multiethnic area

REGENERATION UNDER THE BRIDGE A51

recreational - educational area

CASCINA SANT’AMBROGIO

multifunctional area

URBAN SPACE

recreational area

MOUNTAIN BIKE PATH

recreational area

URBAN GREEN SPACE Metro stop

SCENARIO

MA STE RP LA N W ITH MA IN FU NC TIO N


SCENARIO

AREAS OF INTERVENTION AREAS OF INTERVENTION

AREAS OF INTERVENTION BANKS WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

M4

CASCINE activities The main biggest interventions are located in Il fenomeno esondazioni è stato limitato areasdelle of the park that we consider present the con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio highest potential to become magnets, as they della ferrovia un restringimento che in are thecreano main potential access points from the caso di City pienaCenter, non riesce a smaltire la quantità via Corelli and Segrate. d’acqua per cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. A valle del restingimentoonlathe situazione più are: As highlighted map theèareas problemativa ridosso di via Taverna/via - M4 a: it’s the area cureently occupied by the Salesina. E’ propriosites taleofarea da cui costruction the l’unica new metro lineè of Milan. possibileDue agevolmente accedere all’argine per heavy to this, there are big surfaces with contemplare il fiume la cui portata d’acqua è infrastructure that unfortunatly substituted the molto mutevole. In but casothis di area pienagives peggiora la old green, us also situazione la presenzaasdelle colline del containers campo opportunities the remaining of da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla the workers village and a tunnel that allows velocità finally del fiume. to move from one part of the Railway Station to the other in order to reach the park. - A51 : includes the site of the Centro Accoglienza Immigrati, under and between the A51 highway’s bridge and Lambro River banks. This area has a very low quality of space as most of the surfaces and buildings are unused, misused or even abusively used by homeless and Gypsy community but in an optimistic point of view all these are opportunities and have a huge potential. - NOVEGRO: an industrial distrit of the Comune di Segrate that covers a huge surface of the park. The location of this atypical industrial area is very important as it’s along the direct way to reach Idroscalo from the city center, and in another point of view, to reach the park from segrate. - THE RIVER BANKS: we intend to restore the river banks with a natural slope but also to use a natural and ecological tool to prevent the erosion of the soil.

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SCENARIO

TIMETABLE

TIME BASED ACTIONS KEYMAP MAP Timetable

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6

11

7 2

3 5

4

1

10 9

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16

12 13

14

15

The timetable shows how small actions in the different areas allows to unity all the park in termes of quality, identity and connection. All the intervention are done on a time based actions that may change along pass of time. The first actions are mainly based on a list of constrains, for example if an area is fenced but has potentiality in improving the quality of the park, the first action will be to remove the fence in order to make accessible the aea. After these first small actions that often envolve the comunity throught WORKSHOPS, on a time based calendar, we intend to organize events as SPEED ACTIVITIES in order to promote the new aspects and changes that offers the area. We think that involving the community in some actions, as providing to the costruction of urban furniture, we create a feeling of appartenence and affection toward the park. When all the areas will be completely activated and act as MAGNETS, the connection trougth a bike/pedestrian lane along all the park will finally unify the whole area and we will finally reach the goal of IL GRANDE PARCO FORLANINI.


TIMETABLE FOR ACTIONS

1

SCENARIO

AREAS OF INTERVENTION

2

3 BANKS

4

WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

5

6

7

8

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CASCINE activities Il fenomeno delle esondazioni è stato limitato con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio della ferrovia creano un restringimento che in caso di piena non riesce a smaltire la quantità d’acqua per cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. A valle del restingimento la situazione è più problemativa a ridosso di via Taverna/via Salesina. E’ proprio tale area l’unica da cui è possibile agevolmente accedere all’argine per contemplare il fiume la cui portata d’acqua è molto mutevole. In caso di piena peggiora la situazione la presenza delle colline del campo da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla velocità del fiume.

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11

12

13

14

15

16

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SCENARIO

4

L I N E

metrpolitanapark

AREAS OF INTERVENTION

4

AREAS OF INTERVENTION

L I N E

metrpolitanapark

BANKS WALKABLE BANKS BANKS CONCRETE PIPE WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

CASCINE activities AREAS OF INTEREST AND CONNECTIONS

Il fenomeno delle esondazioni è stato limitato CASCINE activities con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio della ferrovia creano un restringimento che in caso di piena nonesondazioni riesce a smaltire la limitato quantità Il fenomeno delle è stato d’acqua per cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio A valle del restingimento la situazione piùin della ferrovia creano un restringimentoèche problemativa a ridosso di via Taverna/via caso di piena non riesce a smaltire la quantità Salesina.per E’ proprio tale area l’unica da cui è d’acqua cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. possibile agevolmente accedere all’argine A valle del restingimento la situazione è piùper contemplare la cui portata d’acqua è problemativailafiume ridosso di via Taverna/via molto mutevole. In caso di piena peggiora Salesina. E’ proprio tale area l’unica da cuilaè situazioneagevolmente la presenza accedere delle colline del campo possibile all’argine per da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla contemplare il fiume la cui portata d’acqua è velocità del fiume. molto mutevole. In caso di piena peggiora la situazione la presenza delle colline del campo da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla velocità del fiume.

For the area on the corner with Via Cavriana, and since it’s missing in Milan, we want to create a Campers’ Parking, host the Service Area in the ex.Crazy Jungle and to use the outsider paved area as a recreative area to serve the travellers.

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4

L I N E

metrpolitanapark

SCENARIO

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SCENARIO

4

L I N E

metrpolitanapark

FUNCTION DIAGRAM

NORTH CITY CENTER

BETWEEN THE RAILS:MOUNTAIN BIKE AMUSEMENT HUB: SOCIAL AREA SPORT COMPLEX GREEN AREA HISTORICAL BUILDINGS ( CASCINE ) INDUSTIAL ZONE PATHS QUARTIERE FORLANINI

A G R I PA R K WEST

MAIN ROADS AGRICULTURAL

IL PRATONE M4 STOP SOCIAL AREA

FORLANINI FS

V I A C AV R I A N A

CAMPER PARKING VIALE FORLANINI

CENTRALE CANAVESE

CASCINA SANT’AMBROGIO

CAMPER SERVICES PET THERAPY

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MOBILITY DIAGRAM

CASCINA CAVRIANA/O PICCOLO STADIO SCARIONI VIA CORELLI

ROAD-TO-ROAD DEAD-END PEDESTRIAN


4

L I N E

CITY CENTER

metrpolitanapark

SCENARIO

INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM

VIALE ARGONNE CITY CENTER

INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM

VIALE ARGONNE

A A

M O U N TA I N B I K E PAT H recovered space

M O U N TA I N B I K E PAT H recovered space

B B

URBAN SPACE community amusement hub

URBAN SPACE community amusement hub

C C

BUFFER ZONE highlight Cascina Sant’Ambrogio

BUFFER ZONE highlight Cascina Sant’Ambrogio

D D

CAMPERS AREA reuse of dismissed areas

CAMPERS AREA reuse of dismissed areas

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SCENARIO

AREAS OF INTERVENTION

BANKS WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

CASCINE activities AREAS OF INTEREST AND CONNECTIONS Il fenomeno delle esondazioni è stato limitato con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio della ferrovia creano un restringimento che in caso di piena non riesce a smaltire la quantità d’acqua per cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. A valle del restingimento la situazione è più problemativa a ridosso di via Taverna/via Salesina. E’ proprio tale area l’unica da cui è possibile agevolmente accedere all’argine per contemplare il fiume la cui portata d’acqua è molto mutevole. In caso di piena peggiora la situazione la presenza delle colline del campo da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla velocità del fiume.

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SCENARIO

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SCENARIO

NORTH

FUNCTION DIAGRAM

A G R I PA R K WEST

SKATE PARK

RESIDENTIAL ZONE

LAMBRO RIVER

INDUSTIAL ZONE

OVERFLOODING ZONE

PATHS

EDUCATIONAL ZONE

ASPHALT

GREEN AREA

AGRICULTURAL ZONES

FORLANINI SOUTH

SCHOOL SKATE PARK IMMIGRANTS CENTER

VIA CORELLI

MOBILITY DIAGRAM

DOG SHELTER ATELIER FORTE

VIALE FORLANINI

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MOUNTAIN BIKE ZONE

ROAD-TO-ROAD DEAD-END PEDESTRIAN


SCENARIO

INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM

A A

S K AT E PA R K under A51 S K AT E PA R K under A51

B B

MOUNTAIN BIKE PATH reconnected areas MOUNTAIN BIKE PATH reconnected areas

C C

VISUAL CONNECTION using recycled containers VISUAL CONNECTION using recycled containers

D D

RIVER OVERFLOWING basin and restored slope RIVER OVERFLOWING basin and restored slope

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SCENARIO

VISUAL PORTAL

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SCENARIO

UNDER THE A51 BRIDGE Before

After

Using the old containers from the m4 workers village to create a visual portal that helps mainly in both connecting and discovering the other parts of forlanini park keeping the visual identity of the place in addition to transforming the A51 highway into a more permeable buffer that connects east/west side of the park. Re-using the old military area as an interactive urban park wich inlets a more accessible point into the actual core of Forlanini giving the chance to the immigrants to interact with the public.

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SCENARIO

Solving the flood problem: planting of typical species Solving the flood problem: planting of typical species

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SCENARIO

Solving the flood problem: restoring the soft slope

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SCENARIO

AREAS OF INTERVENTION

BANKS WALKABLE BANKS CONCRETE PIPE

CASCINE activities AREAS OF INTEREST AND CONNECTIONS Il fenomeno delle esondazioni è stato limitato con argini artificiali che sotto il passaggio della ferrovia creano un restringimento che in caso di piena non riesce a smaltire la quantità d’acqua per cui le esondazioni sono frequenti. A valle del restingimento la situazione è più problemativa a ridosso di via Taverna/via Salesina. E’ proprio tale area l’unica da cui è possibile agevolmente accedere all’argine per contemplare il fiume la cui portata d’acqua è molto mutevole. In caso di piena peggiora la situazione la presenza delle colline del campo da golf che in prossimità influiscono sulla velocità del fiume.

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SCENARIO

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SCENARIO

FORLANINI

FUNCTION DIAGRAM EXHIBITION ZONE

NORTH

EDUCATIONAL ZONE ABUSIVE ZONES GREEN AREA RESIDENTIAL ZONES INDUSTRIAL ZONES PARKING ZONES

SOUTH

MAIN ROADS IDROSCALO

PARCO ESPOSIZIONE

AGRICULTURAL ZONES

NOVEGRO PARK

MOBILITY DIAGRAM VIA NOVEGRO

ROAD-TO-ROAD CASCINA BRUCIATA

DEAD-END PEDESTRIAN

SCHOOL

IDROSCALO

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SCENARIO

A

INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM

A

INTERVENTIONS DIAGRAM

B B D D

C C

IDROSCALO IDROSCALO

New gate for VISUALIZING e a s t e r n s i d e o f G . P. F New gate for VISUALIZING e a s t e r n s i d e o f G . P. F

A A

B B

REUSE old cascina as educational facility REUSE old cascina as educational facility

C C

PROPOSING connection prospect pedestrian and bikes bridge PROPOSING connection prospect pedestrian and bikes bridge

D D

CONVERTING the old car parking into a green strip with bike lane CONVERTING the old car parking into a green strip with bike lane

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SCENARIO

Before

After

1 2

3

Insuring the visual identity, using identity gates to achieve the consistency between the area of novegro and the rest of the Park. Re-using the right parking lane, as a bike path to connect the activities. Keeping the green identity by using connected fragments along with the green wall on the blank faรงades.

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SCENARIO

Before

After

1 2

3

Re-using the old parking zones to extend the green spaces as a part of the identity connection, emphasising that path by using linear allignments of trees as shown. Recessing the old brick wall inside recreating another space that could be accessible from the opposite platform.

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SCENARIO

Before

After

1 2

3

Transforming the old excess parking lot into a green garden to be blended with the nearby school so the children can have a save buffer while they are waiting for their parents. Transforming the old school conventinal wall into an interactive boldering wall that the kids can use for fun activity. Creating a safe crossing zebra with colored lanes and a splet level that works as an extra safety filter as it slows the cars motion.

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VISUAL CONNECTION


VISUAL CONNECTION

KEYMAP

V I S U A L T O W E R D E TA I L

OPEN VIEW TOWER VIEW

MULTI-LEVELS S C AT T E R E D V I E W S

SEMI-OPENED COVERED EXTERNAL SPACES

GREEN-TOP

INDOOR AREA

GREEN ROOFS

C O N F I N E D S PA C E S

RECYCLE REUSED MATERIALS

SIDE A

360 CHARACTERISTICS

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SIDE B

360 CHARACTERISTICS

SIDE C

360 CHARACTERISTICS


VISUAL CONNECTION

PORTAL under the A51

WATCHING TOWERS

IDENTITY GATES

The park is a vast space of green unused spaces that has different characteristics for each zone, in which the park gains its strength. The aim was to keep the value of diversity into the park space, but using the visual elements as a part of praising the value of park consistency in terms of coherence and connection. The park identity is connected via 2 elements : 1-Park gates. 2-watching towers.

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TPDW 2017-18 - 02 Community magnet  
TPDW 2017-18 - 02 Community magnet  
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