INDEPENDENT SINCE 1880
The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 130, No. 41
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24, 2013
ITHACA, NEW YORK
16 Pages – Free
Snow HIGH: 43 LOW: 30
Cornell students and staff present in a TED talk-style event about their campus sustainability work. | Page 3
Calvin Patton ’16 reviews Poliça’s latest album, Shulasmith.
Atticus DeProspo ’15 will appear on MTV’s True Life ion the episode “True Life: I’m a Gay Athlete.” | Page 16
| Page 9
Gannett: One in Four Students Face Seasonal Disorder By SOFIA HU Sun Contributor
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Sign the petition | Two members of the Ithaca community present a petition signed by about 30 other Ithacans in favor of preserving the Ithaca community gardens to the City Administration Committee Wednesday.
City Continues Mulling Gardens’Fate
Over a year after community gardens’sale debated,future still uncertain
By ANUSHKA MEHROTRA Sun Staff Writer
Though the future of the Ithaca community gardens is still up in the air more than a year after the sale of its space was first considered, one thing is sure: the city will devote at least a dollar of funding to help it if the gardens must relocate from their current parcel of land, alongside Route 13. The decision was made at a City Administration Committee meeting Wednesday evening, where local
representatives and community members debated the value of the gardens to the community, as well as the importance of keeping the gardens in their current home in Carpenter Business Park. The gardens are run by Project Growing Hope, a non-profit organization that has been leasing the 2.25 acres for the gardens from the city at an annual rate of a dollar. “Lower income households are able to raise their See GARDENS page 5
Google Glass‘Explorer’Hits Classroom By AKANE OTANI Sun Managing Editor
For the last couple months, Prof. Cynthia Johnston Turner, music, has sported a $1,500 accessory everywhere from GreenStar Cooperative Market to Lincoln Hall: Google Glass. The professor and director of C.U. Winds won a contest spon-
sored by Google this summer to become one of 8,000 “Google Glass Explorers” testing out the product. Part camera, touchpad and microphone, the augmented-reality glasses — still in beta stage — have allowed Turner to see “an 110 percent improvement” in how she teaches students to conduct, she said. “When I first got it, I thought,
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Glassy-eyed | Prof. Cynthia Johnston Turner, music, spoke at Balch Hall Wednesday about her experiences with Google Glass.
‘Wow … I don’t even know if I want to put it on,’” Turner said at an event at Balch Hall Wednesday evening. “But this semester, I’ve been able to give students immediate feedback on their conducting with Google Glass, and that alone has been fantastic.” Before Google Glass, Turner had to set up a video camera in the back of her classroom, film her students in conducting lab moving and then upload the video to Blackboard so her students could receive feedback about their work. “It’d take a good hour to hourand-a-half,” she said. With Google Glass, however, Turner has the ability to film anything in her frame of sight. Asking Tyler Ehrlich ’14, a student who has helped her apply Google Glass to her teaching, to begin conducting in 4/4 time, Turner showed the audience Wednesday how she can take videos without needing bulky equipment or tripods. “Let’s say Tyler had extraneous See GLASS page 4
Ithaca may be “gorges,” but it does have its share of dreary days. The approaching winter could cause as many as one in four college students to experience seasonal affective disorder, commonly known as the winter blues, according to Gannett officials. SAD is defined as “a mild depression brought on by a decrease in exposure to sunlight as autumn deepens,” according to Gannett Health Services’ website. People suffering from this mood disorder experience depressive symptoms, including increased lethargy, difficulty waking up in the morning and concentrating on tasks and increased craving for carbohydrate-rich food, according to the website. Gannett estimates that “nearly 25 percent of all college students across the United States suffer from the winter blues, and this percentage increases at higher latitudes or more cloudy areas, such as the Ithaca region,” according to its website. Cornellians experiencing SAD display a wide range in the severity of their symptoms, according to Gregory Eells, director of Counseling and Psychological Services at Gannett. “In terms of people experiencing mood fluctuations, there’s a full continuum,” Eells said. “I think it can go from more like winter blues to more serious emotional mood consequences that are very similar to depression.” SAD may be caused by unstable levels of melatonin, a hormone produced during sleep, and serotonin, a neurotransmitter that contributes to feelings of happiness, Eells said. According to Eells, determining who is most at risk is See SAD page 4
Cyclist Injured in Accident In Downtown Ithaca A male cyclist riding down East Seneca Street Wednesday afternoon slammed into the back of a parked Verizon truck, receiving several injuries and needing to be flown out for medical treatment. The accident occurred shortly before 3 p.m., when the man — riding west — crashed into the truck near the Hilton Garden Inn, according to a press release from the Ithaca Police Department. The Ithaca Police Department, Bangs Ambulance and Ithaca Fire Rescue came to the area near the hotel and found the man had sustained injuries to his head and lower leg area. Emergency responders set up a landing zone at Titus Flats, and a helicopter flew the man out to Guthrie Robert Packer Hospital in Sayre, Pa., according to the Ithaca Fire Department. As of Wednesday evening, the man remained in “fair condition,” IPD said in the press release. Ithaca Police are investigating the accident. — Compiled by Akane Otani
2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013
Thursday, October 24, 2013
Today Cornell Technology Venture Forum 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m., East Hill Office Building George Bush, German Reunification, and the Power of Time 12:15 - 1:30 p.m., B20 Lincoln Hall Urban Semester Program Video Information Session 12:30 - 1:30 p.m., 153 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall The Eamon McEneaney Memorial Reading With Colum McCann 4:30 p.m., G01 Uris Hall Peace Corps Application Workshop 5 - 6 p.m., 100 Mann Library
Tomorrow Dean’s Distinguished Lecture Series: Alton F. Doody III, Bravo Brio Restaurant Group 1:25 - 2:15 p.m., Alice Statler Auditorium
“Black Ice” Walking down the street, I feel my boot slip quickly. It is still Fall — right? ~ Amateur Skater ’15
Russia Under Putin Speaker Series: Kathryn Stoner 3 p.m., 153 Uris Hall Agricultural Production Practices in Italy Info Session 4:30 - 5:30 p.m., 100 Mann Library Chai & Chat 5 - 7 p.m., Physical Sciences Building
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Clubs Talk Going Green for Campus Sustainability Day By ERICA AUGENSTEIN Sun Staff Writer
Various student and staff-led sustainability efforts at Cornell were on display at Cornell Sustainable Campus’ own version of Ted talks — a conference whose slogan is “ideas worth spreading” — Wednesday. The talks were organized as part of Campus Sustainability Day, a day-long event hosted by the Sustainability Hub. The Sustainability Hub coordinates students and sustainability groups on campus. Presentations addressed the topic of sustainable seafood, a loan fund for sustainable projects and resolving the issue of food waste in dining halls, among others. Kat Leigh ’15, who founded Green Catch –– a student organization that promotes sustainable seafood with education and outreach –– spoke about the current state of the fishing industry and how to better protect fish populations. Leigh said educating people about different fishing methods that can harm fish populations and environments is necessary. “Fishermen wonder why the fish aren’t there: it’s the same thing as someone bulldozing over your house and asking why you don’t live there anymore,” Leigh said. Leigh also talked about the impacts of fishing on human health and economic well being. She used the example of shrimp ponds in Thailand to show that commercial fishing ponds, although intended to produce food more efficiently, instead negatively affect both the health of a community and the income of the people working there. Leigh said that sustainable seafood is feasible, pointing to the fact that big players such as McDonald’s have been
JIALI WANG / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Talking the talk | Aylin Gucalp ’14 shares her ideas about fostering a sustainable future for Campus Sustainability Day in Bradfield Hall Wednesday morning.
convinced to use sustainable seafood. Jake Reisch ’15 presented about the Green Revolving Fund, a project that was announced in February and will fund projects that aid energy conservation efforts at Cornell. Similar funds have been established at Harvard University, Boston University and Western Michigan University. “The goal is to align financial incentives with sustainability objectives,” Reisch said. Reisch said the fund invests in green development and then reinvests the savings, allowing the University to promote sustainability. Becca Macies ’14, the student sustainability coordinator for the Sustainability Hub and one of the main organizers of the event, said the Campus Sustainability Day’s format this year was changed from previous years’ events. “It is often a day of tabling, and it rains or its really cold
so we get pushed into the Memorial Room of Willard Straight. This year, we wanted to do something that was showcasing what people were doing,” Macies said. The new idea was more appealing to the organization than the efforts they engaged in during previous years, she added. “This idea of doing Ted Talk-inspired conversations about projects that people were working on and why we were working on them was something that we thought was really cool,” Macies said. Macies said the event was meant was catered to students involved in sustainability efforts on campus because “we wanted to have more meaningful conversation and a more intimate space.” Erica Augenstein can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
New Org.Seeks to Support Charity Team U will promote global health through endurance activities By JESSE WEISSMAN Sun Contributor
ENOCH NEWKIRK / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Prof. Sara Warner, performing and media arts, discusses her book Acts of Gaiety: Performance and the Politics of Pleasure at Olin Library Wednesday.
Around The ivies According to the Harvard Crimson, Harvard University Dining is boycotting Barilla brand pasta in dining halls in solidarity with the LGBT community after Barilla’s chairman, Guido Barilla stated the company would never have an LGBT advertisement. Columbia University alumnus, Mike Massimino ’84 will be desiging a course on human space travel after taking a leave from NASA. Massimino has been on two previous space missions, according to the Columbia Daily Spectator. –– Compiled by Kevin Milian
Team U, an intercollegiate organization that promotes global health and poverty charities through participation in endurance activities, will open a chapter at Cornell University next semester. Joe Benun, a sophomore at Princeton University, founded Team U last year. “I was thinking about the many hours I had devoted to running and asked myself if that time and energy might have been better spent volunteering at a soup kitchen or other charity. The answer was yes,” Benun told The Times of Trenton in 2012. Within its first year, Team U enlisted 75 people to race in the Unite Half Marathon on behalf of Team U, which was promoting Shoe4Africa, a charity that is building the largest children’s hospital in Kenya, according to The Times. Team U has since opened a chapter at Yale University. As its first fundraising activity, Team U at Cornell will be running in the Skunk Cabbage Classic Half Marathon this spring, according to Ari Bernstein ’16, the publicity chair for Cornell’s Team U chapter.
He added that “hopefully the team will train together” in the lead-up to the half-marathon. Bernstein also said the chapter plans to attract people to the team by catering to different student popula-
“Our goal is to become as significant a presence as Team U has been on the Princeton campus; we want a continuous group of people to be involved.” Ari Berstein ’16 tions of Cornell. “We know there’s a huge population of Cornell interested in global health and another population that — whether or not if they’re interested in global health — are interested in a healthier lifestyle,” Bernstein said. It has not yet been decided which charity the Cornell chapter will donate to next semester with benefits from the half-marathon, but Bernstein said the charity will most likely be very similar to Shoe4Africa.
“You run in this marathon, and it spreads awareness of the charity, and you can get your family and friends or the Cornell community to donate on behalf of you running in the marathon,” Bernstein said. “You tell people why you’re running for your specific charity.” Bernstein said he hopes that, in the coming years, Team U will become a wellknown organization at Cornell. He said the organization might work toward expanding its campus presence by modelling itself on the Princeton chapter and conducting at least one half-marathon each semester. “Our goal is to become as significant a presence as Team U has been on the Princeton campus; we want a continuous group of people to be involved,” he said. Bernstein said he thinks Team U could have a positive impact on students’ health and raise money for charity. “My personal favorite aspect of Team U is that it helps students make a positive change in their own lives, on their college campuses and in the global community,” Bernstein said. Jesse Weissman can be reached at email@example.com.
4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013
C.U.Offers Counseling,Treatment Google Glass:‘It’s Here’ SAD
Continued from page 1
“difficult.” SAD affects more women that it does men, and generally students from places with sunnier climates are more susceptible to the winter blues. In addition, students who oversleep or have abnormal sleeping schedules may suffer from SAD because they are less exposed to morning sunlight and produce more melatonin, Eells said. Gannett offers counseling for seasonal related disorders and assessments to ensure students or faculty members are not experiencing underlying, more complex mental health concerns. Additionally, Gannett’s pharmacy sells light boxes –– small lamps that emit high intensities of light –– which produce effects similar to sunshine. Light boxes can improve a person’s mood by restricting the secretion of melatonin, according to Gannett’s website. “[Light boxes are a] relatively inexpensive, drugfree approach with few if any side effects when used correctly,” said Sharon Dittman, associate director of community relations at Gannett. “Many people report high satisfaction with this therapy.” Gannett’s pharmacy has a specific brand of light boxes called Litebook Elites and sells about 125 to 150 Litebooks a year, according to Dittman. The Litebooks are sold for $200, and the Student Health Insurance Plan pays 100 percent of the cost for students with a prescription, Dittman said, adding that most health insurance plans will also cover the cost given a prescription and a letter of medical necessity. The Litebooks are sold in boxes featuring a picture of former Prof. James Maas, psychology, who is
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on the scientific advisory board for the company that sells the product. Maas is noted for coining the term “power nap” and for researching the relationship between sleep and performance. “What we needed for years was something very portable, very bright,” Mass said in a quote featured on the Litebook box. “The Litebook Elite has answered that need beautifully.” Exercising in the morning, getting more exposure to outside light, and eating more complex carbohydrates are other strategies to combat SAD, according to Eells. For people who suffer from more severe depressive symptoms or for whom the light box is not
“I think one of the hardest part is the stigma.” Gregory Eells effective, Gannett also offers medication and therapy. “The main thing is just attending to it. I think one of the hardest parts is the stigma. There’s research on stigma and what others think of someone with a psychological illness,” Eells said. “But sometimes the thing that gets most in the way of getting help is what you would think of yourself –– that you would think less of yourself because you can’t just handle it. If you experience SAD, you should seek help.” Sofia Hu can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Continued from page 1
movement. I could actually show him in the camera what was going on, and within five minutes of plugging into my computer later, I can share videos with the Google community,” she said, walking around Ehrlich as he continued to move his hands to a 4/4 beat. Working with Ehrlich, Turner has also explored embedding music scores in Google Glass so she can conduct from a podium without needing to look down on a stand. “Obviously, as a conductor, I find the idea of something that gives me information without me having to use two hands very compelling,” Turner said. It is like being a chef who wants to look up a recipe without using his or her hands, Turner said — using Google Glass, people can access information without needing to type into
a search engine or click a mouse. A self-described “early adopter of technology,” Turner said she has loved using Google Glass so far. She acknowledged, however, that skeptics have raised concerns about the product — asking how it might possibly allow people to invade others’ privacy and even, in some casinos, bars and restaurants’ cases, banning it outright. “Ultimately, this is a generation that puts pictures of their dinner on Facebook — and yet we’re also a country that says we believe in national security. So I’m not sure where those two things line up in concept,” she said. Other people have questioned her use of Google Glass in music education, saying “Music is for the ears, not the eyes.” “They said, ‘You have the wrong sense’ — to which I’d say, isn’t music for all the senses? Why not the heart, why not tactile?”
on the web...
Turner said. “Classical music needs to think about how we can engage more with our audience members.” Advancements in technology are rapid and inevitable, and it is up to each individual to decide how to use technology in his or her life, she said. “I don’t want to come down on either side of the debate or in the middle — I just think it’s happening, and we each have the responsibility of dealing with technology in a way that’s comfortable for us,” she said. “It’s here. How is it going to make my life and my students’ life better?” Turner and Ehrlich are working together to develop other applications of Google Glass in music education. The two of them are documenting their experience with Google Glass on a blog online. Akane Otani can be reached at email@example.com.
Gardens Key to Food Justice, Ithacans Say GARDENS
Continued from page 1
own organic produce at the gardens,” said Judith Joanna Green, director of the Groundswell Center for Local Food & Farming. “Shopping at the farmer’s market can often be too expensive.” Green and other proponents of renewing the lease and keeping the gardens in its current location argued that it is a source of food justice in the community. “Food justice requires that all households have access to a healthy diet. Community gardening is one of the few ways that low income earning families can afford an abundant supply of fresh produce essential to good health,” she said. A specific topic that committee members debated was whether or not the city or not should preemptively commit financing relocating the gardens in the future. “Just because something has been somewhere for a long time does not mean it’s the appropriate place for it,” said Alderperson Cynthia Brock (D-1st Ward). Brock, who voted against funding the gardens’ relocation, added that because the gardens are not universally accessible to the public, she thinks advocates for extending the gardens’ lease are overstating its value. “I don’t think of a garden as being a public use when you have plots that are being leased out to individuals on a term and sometimes repeated terms year after year,” she said. Other council members defended the garden’s value to the community and argued that the city should commit to partially funding it in the event of its relocation. “I think we should make a commitment to community gardening in the future, regardless of whether or not it’s at Carpenter Business Park,” said Alderperson Chris Proulx (D-5th Ward). Alderperson Graham Kerslick (D-4th Ward), echoed his sentiments, saying that committing an unspecified amount of money towards the garden’s relocation leaves control of the funding under the council’s discretion. “The city does need to make a commitment to gardening,” he said. “But we’re not constraining [the future city council] by specifying an amount to contribute. This is a commitment without a constraint.” Some council members said that they thought that Project Growing Hope should be charged more money for renting the land. “I feel that the gardens should pay over a dollar a year for rent. Though the rent will still be a dollar...the lease can be terminated under the council’s discretion,” said Alderperson Donna Fleming (D-3rd Ward). Brock, however, argued that committing to funding the garden in the event of its relocation set a risky precedent for future cases. “I think this issue will come to us again … it is a dangerous precedent to set,” she said. Proulx ultimately emphasized that the decision of what to do with the garden is now under the jurisdiction of the city council. “The ability to terminate the lease is now under the council’s discretion. We also have the ability to identify the garden’s new site,” he said. The city has currently invested $500,000 in the anticipated commercial development of the property, according to the ordinance that approves the lease. Anushka Mehrotra can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013 5
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Daniel Lowenthal |
Independent Since 1880 131ST EDITORIAL BOARD REBECCA HARRIS ’14 Editor in Chief
HANK BAO ’14
AKANE OTANI ’14
LIZ CAMUTI ’14
AUSTIN KANG ’15
ANDY LEVINE ’14
HALEY VELASCO ’15
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ALEX REHBERG ’16
DAVID MARTEN ’14
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Associate Managing Editor
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Associate Multimedia Editor
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The Importance Of Being Friendly A
s a senior who reminisces about the glory days, I can’t help but pass some wisdom off to the younger classes, as was done to me. I feel like it was just yesterday when I came to visit my senior ILR cousin whilst a senior in high school. I distinctly remember his friends telling me how lucky I was; the enthusiasm on their faces as they relished over their college careers and the subsequent sadness over how quickly it all went by. They gave me advice ranging from “don’t be that kid in your dorm with a black-light poster” to “Mann is the loudest library in the world, so go to the stacks if you want to actually be productive.” I soaked it all up and took their wisdom to heart. Now, as graduation approaches for the Class of 2014, I believe it’s our time to pass some knowledge down. So freshmen, listen close because this wild ride of college will come to an end sooner than you realize. I came to Cornell in August 2010, knowing only two other people. Coming from a small high school that graduated 80 students a year made me worried about not being able to meet new people and that college would overwhelm me. I was fearful that I would go through college only knowing the other three people who lived in my suite in Mews West. I’m so grateful that my worst fears did not materialize. My first semester at school I started meeting people through classes, fraternity parties and student organizations. Maybe we’d spend a minute moaning about how long the grill line was in Trillium, playing games of beirut at Llenroc or playing basketball at Helen Newman gym, and then each first interaction would be followed by another. Maybe just a wave across the street in Collegetown, a quick chat on campus or some other small interaction that would only last a minute or two; but
something. That was it: All it took to meet people was to be open and friendly. Saying thank you to that person who held the door for you at RPCC, giving a quick wave of gratitude to that car that stopped and let you cross the street and reciprocating the “have a nice day” to my CTB cashier. That’s all I want to pass along to my fellow Cornellians: Just be friendly. This past September, The Cornell Daily Sun commented on a December 2012 article that named Cornell the “most competitive, challenging, and stress-inducing college in the country”. These labels are certainly not what I want to remember about my alma mater, but I do believe these are aspects of our school that we can all contribute to change. It’s clear that Cornellians are some of the most competitive students in the country, but does that mean we can’t be friendly to one another? I urge you all to say hello to that buddy from your bowling class three years ago, to give a wave to your neighbor in Collegetown and maybe even a quick smile to that girl you hooked up with on the Slope last year. Spend the five seconds it takes to say hi. I promise it will be worth it. Looking back at all of my fears as a freshman, it’s ironic that now, as a senior, my friends sometimes refuse to walk with me through campus; everywhere we go I have to say hello to someone. Whether it’s a buddy from another fraternity, my club advisor or even my professor from my Freshman Writing Seminar, I say a simple hello. I promise you this simple act will make your day better, as well as theirs.
Daniel Lowenthal is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He may be reached at email@example.com. Guest Room appears periodically this semester.
Celebrating teaching To the Editor: Re: Opinion, Oct. 22
This paper doesn’t grow on trees. Send your 250-word letters and 850-word guest columns to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Opinion page of the Sun on Oct. 22 was a bonanza for someone like me, who devotes all of his professional energy to helping others learn about teaching and public education. On that page, Darrick Nighthawk Evensen calls for an invigorated and more-centralized commitment to helping graduate TAs become excellent teachers, and Jacob Glick commends Cornell for modeling the kind of public-private educational partnership that he believes can strengthen precollege education. What these commentaries suggest to me, especially in conjunction with weekly inquiries I receive about the undergraduate minor in education, is that there is hunger among students for spaces, courses and outlets devoted to education. As Evensen points out, we certainly do have great resources on campus to satisfy some of this hunger; the Center for Teaching Excellence, courses offered by faculty from the erstwhile Education Department, and student groups such as SFER and AVID come to mind. But I believe that, to make good on the implicit promise in the subtitle of Glick’s editorial (“C.U.’s Role in Shaping Education”), Cornell needs to find a way to more clearly and publicly give its imprimatur to the study and celebration of teaching and learning. Dr. Brian Duff, education
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013 7
Max Schechter |
The Fight for Campaign Finance Reform Beyond Citizens United
eading the campaign fundraising statistics from the 2012 presidential election can be intimidating. Combined, the presidential candidates raised and spent 2 billion dollars. More than a quarter of all of the money raised for the 2012 elections came from a fraction of one-percent of the population. There was more than $500 million in dark money — donations with no donor disclosure — campaign spending in October 2012 alone. These facts are as scary as they sound and demonstrate the dire situation that is campaign finance in America. Many people assume that the U.S. Supreme Court decision known as Citizens United is the cause of this spending. While that decision did help to open these floodgates even wider, the problem of money in politics predates that decision and needs to be addressed beyond just overturning it. In this article, I’ll tell you about some solutions there are beyond just fighting Citizens United. These are not quick fixes, but they are important, interesting and worth knowing and caring about. Before we look at solutions to this current situation we need to understand why this is a problem. Members of Congress spend anywhere from one-fifth to more than half of their time fundraising, reaching out to everyone who might possibly donate to their reelection — usually industry representatives, individuals and PACs. This is terrible for our democratic process because it means that these politicians have to cater to the wishes of donors and corporations, not just their constituents. It’s not in the rational self-
interest of members of Congress to slave away from more individuals rather than a few ultraat passing legislation unless they can fundraise wealthy donors. Another way to combat large corporate off of it. This also means that those people with money will always have access to mem- donations is to convince corporate shareholdbers of Congress. These are not the priorities ers that getting involved in politics is not in we want our representatives to have, and yet their own self-interest. The U.S. Public we’ve put them in a situation that requires Interest Research Group has joined with them to get reelected if they want to accom- shareholders in big corporations to pressure their boards of directors not to engage in plish anything. Our current political system is one in political donations. From Target, to Chik-filwhich money drives politics. Still, there are A, to Starbucks, many corporations have gotefforts to find solutions to this bleak situa- ten into hot water after engaging in politics. We should tion. encourage One soluorporate tion to this While the decision did help cshareholders problem to open the floodgates even to heed the could be to make small wider, the problem of money lessons from donors more in politics predates that those other corporations appealing to decision and needs to and avoid candidates be addressed. engaging in than the large political mega-donors donations. that dominate political contributions. The Brennan This would protect both the company’s image Center for Justice at New York University has and the American democratic system. On the published a policy proposal that suggests legislative side, 35 members of the House of small donations be multiplied through public Representatives have cosponsored a bill called funding. This tactic has been used successful- the Shareholder Protection Act of 2013, a bill ly in New York City races and it means that that would make sure corporations have the soliciting $50 donations from a local civic specific approval of their shareholders before group could be a more valuable to a candidate engaging in political activity. The best solution to the problems of camthan flying to some distant city to meet with billionaires. This solutions stays within the paign finance reform would be publicly boundaries of Citizens United and other financed elections. Several states and municiSupreme Court decisions and is a good first palities have enacted this policy and in other step in encouraging candidates to raise money countries this is normal. Public funding of
elections could work in a variety of ways but it generally means that a candidate who qualifies for the election, perhaps through signatures or a number of small donations from constituent voters, would have a set amount of money provided by the state with which to campaign. Another form has the state match donations the candidate receives from individuals. This would level the playing field and prevent the “buying” of elections by moneyed interests. 14 states have some public financing for elections and it is particularly common in elections of judges (doesn’t it make sense that our judges shouldn’t rely on rich donors?). The Supreme Court has struck down some public funding solutions but I think this is the best avenue for campaign finance reform. I’m happy when people tell me they are motivated to fight Citizens United, but overturning that will take a change in either the Constitution or the Supreme Court. Focusing on just that one case ignores both the larger problem of campaign finance reform and the alternatives that can improve the situation more quickly. Whether it’s multiplying small donations, convincing corporations to limit their own political actions, public financing of elections or another public policy solution, there are options in this fight. But, the only way any of these changes happen is if voters like you care about it. Max Schechter is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences and the president of the Cornell Democrats. He may be reached at email@example.com. Dems Discuss appears alternate Thursdays this semester.
THROWDOWN THURSDAYS Julius Kairey |
Attempts to Overrule Citizens United Are Misguided
n early 2008, a conservative non-profit organization called supports Citizens United) are not “people” either. Would anyCitizens United sought to air a documentary critical of one suggest that Congress prohibit Cornell from expressing Hillary Clinton, who was then running for the Democratic support for increased funding for education before a nomination for President. The Federal Election Commission Congressional election, or The New York Times from endorswanted to prohibit it from doing so under the Bipartisan ing Barack Obama for President, on the grounds that allowCampaign Reform Act of 2002, which banned corporations, ing these groups to speak would drown out the voices of real unions and not-for-profit organizations from spending money people? Despite the fact that anything said by Cornell or The on any communication that mentions a candidate within a New York Times constitutes participation in the marketplace of month or two of their election. The Supreme Court, in ideas by non-individuals, we nevertheless respect their right to Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, rightly rejected participate in our political system. Why should a film by a this governmental censorship, ruling that Congress cannot non-profit corporation critical of Hillary Clinton be ban political speech merely because it does not like the identity of the speaker. The ruling has sparked a massive outrage among Rather than being derided as one of the many politicians, particularly those on the left. worst Supreme Court decisions in President Obama condemned the decision to the history, Citizens United should be Justices’ faces during his State of the Union Address and Representative Alan Grayson went so far as to celebrated as the triumph of free say it was the worse Supreme Court decision since speech principles over a bipartisan Dred Scott v. Sanford. Vermont Senator Bernie attempt to limit the scope of the Sanders is leading the charge to amend the consti- First Amendment. tution to overturn Citizens United. This amendment would eliminate so-called “corporate personhood” and restrict free speech rights to “natural persons.” treated any differently? Campaigners against Citizens United tend to invoke at least The second trope utilized by Citizens United opponents is one of the following three ideas. First, that corporations are that money is not speech. Given that that is true, so the argunot people. Second, that money is not speech. And finally, ment goes, then it surely follows that corporations and other that government must restrict the speech of some so that the entities can be limited in how much money they can spend on relative speech of others is amplified. I will address each in elections. The difficulty with this argument is that it ignores turn. the key role that money plays in facilitating not just free It is undoubtedly true that a corporation is not a person in speech, but the exercise of other constitutional rights. For the sense that I am a person. But Citizens United opponents example, money is not a lawyer. Does it therefore follow that utterly fail to justify why associations of individuals, be they of the government could restrict the amount of money I can the corporate, labor or other variety, should not be able to spend on legal assistance to defend myself at a criminal trial express opinions just as individuals operating on their own (for the sake of fairness to the indigent, of course) to $100? can. The Cornell Daily Sun, The New York Times, Cornell Additionally, to defend the permissibility of limits on the University and the American Civil Liberties Union (which amount of money that can be spent on an election by any of
us, as individuals or as parts of groups, is to empower political incumbents to write the rules of the electoral system that is supposed to hold them accountable. That is not likely to produce a fair system. But what about the final argument? If we allow some to use the vast resources at their disposal to speak as loudly as they want, do we not prevent people of more modest means from being heard? For all the talk from Citizens United opponents about their faith in the people, this final argument is incongruous with what our system of self-government assumes about the people, namely, that they are generally intelligent and have the ability to distinguish between truth and fiction. If we believe that “the people” are worthy of the power that democracy grants them, we ought to assume that those same people will not automatically accept the veracity of a statement just because it is presented to them ten times a week in the form of crass television advertisements. This is not to say that people can never be fooled — not one of us is perfect — but it is to say that giving self-serving politicians the power to decide how much speech is too much is a cure worse than the disease. Ultimately, it becomes a question of where you place your trust. Do you place it in the people’s ability to decide for themselves what policies and candidates they support in an unfettered marketplace of ideas, or the politicians’ ability to impartially decide who may speak and how much they may speak? Rather than being derided as one of the worst Supreme Court decisions in history, Citizens United should be celebrated as the triumph of free speech principles over a bipartisan attempt to limit the scope of the First Amendment. Nullifying it would make us all less free. Julius Kairey is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Always Right appears alternate Thursdays this semester.
8 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
Your source for good food
A Meal in the Life: A Downtown Dining Extravaganza WHAT ARE SUN WRITERS’ IDEAS OF THE PERFECT MEAL? In a new column, dining writers describe their dream meals on campus, the Commons and beyond By CATHERINE ELSAESSER Sun Contributor
uring Fall Break, I had the exciting opportunity to go out to eat more than usual, since most on-campus dining options were closed. The long weekend let me cross some of the restaurants that I had always been meaning to go to off my list. My taste buds were thrilled to be eating at these new places, and my adventurous foodie needs were definitely satisfied.
BREAKFAST: WAFFLE FROLIC When my fellow diners and I reached Waffle Frolic on the Commons mid-morning, there was a line that almost spilled outside. The cozy restaurant was full of families devouring waffles and coffee and college friends catching up on the weekend’s events. The options on the menu seem endless, and whether you are craving sweet or savory, there is something for everyone. The waffle bar gives you the option to create your own mad-scientist flavors and combinations. I was impressed by how many
of the toppings were homemade or locally sourced. I ordered the caramel apple single waffle, and it more than exceeded my expectations for this breakfast classic. The soft, warm waffle was topped with pools of homemade caramel and a diagonal drizzle of apple butter. Crunchy walnuts added a satisfying contrast in texture. I loved that the waffle wasn’t overly crispy, and the yummy flavors left me scrapping my plate for more. With so many combinations to try, I will be returning to Waffle Frolic for many breakfasts to come. LUNCH: MARTHA’S When I had to stick to campus eating, I opted for what is surely a hidden gem of Cornell dining. I had passed by Martha’s several times when crossing the footbridge to campus, but just recently stopped in for lunch. This café fills up quickly with hungry students during the school week, but it was quiet over Fall Break. The clean, well-lit Martha Van Rensselaer Hall building is a pleasant place to enjoy a meal and relax a bit after a hectic day of classes. The Tuscan flatbread has
MICHELLE FELDMAN / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
become one of my favorites for lunch, and is also affordable, which I love. The warm flatbread is cut into four pieces and topped with a thin layer of mashed figs, robust blue cheese, sweet apple
HOME OF THE
Pinesburger 1213 Taughannock Blvd.
(Route 89 - 3 miles north of Cass Park) Ithaca, NY 14850
Voted BEST BU RGER in Ithaca! – Ithaca Times Readers Choice
slices and lightly dressed mixed green salad gently wilting on top. The slightly crispy but still chewy crust is complemented by the unique flavors of the toppings. This meal makes me think of fall, and I love how the sweet and savory flavors balance each other. Even with the fall flavors, I can see myself eating this lunch all year round.
entrée, I chose the pineapple curry with chicken at a level four on the spiciness scale. Level four was just the right amount of heat for me, with a nice lingering warmth that kept me coming back for more. The large chunks of chicken were accompanied by juicy pineapple, red and green peppers, green beans, basil leaves and other veg-
Even with the fall flavors, I can see myself eating this lunch [at Martha’s] all year round.
DINNER: TASTE OF THAI Thai food has always been one of my favorite ways to treat myself when I go out to dinner. This restaurant on the Commons fills up extremely quickly, so make sure to arrive early to get a seat and indulge in the exotic eats. The dark tones of the furniture and the elephant carvings on the walls of Taste of Thai set the perfect atmosphere for the food. My friend recommended I try the Thai iced tea, and this drink may have triggered a new food craving for me. It was creamy and intensely sweet, with a little zing from the black tea and a soft floral flavor in the background. For my
etables in a smooth, red curry based sauce. The vegetables were cooked but still maintained texture in the dish, and the chicken was tender. The leftovers I took home for the next day were something delicious to look forward to. Catherine Elsaesser can be reached at email@example.com.
Thursday, October 24, 2013 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | 9
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT O TE S T S P I N S
DJ Rashad Double Cup Hyperdub
James Rainis Upon hearing DJ Rashad’s “I Don’t Give a Fuck,” the excellently titled lead single from this year’s Double Cup, I was not sure how to feel. Was it an incredible, slightly disorienting footwork anthem that flipped dubstep atmospheres (the Burial kind, not the Skrillex kind) into something infinitely more danceable? Or was it the sound of a drum machine sputtering while trying to connect to a noisy dialup modem? Whatever it was, it was my introduction to DJ Rashad and Chicago’s thriving footwork scene. From the inception of house music to the industrial, Chicago has been the birthplace of many an underground dance music phenomenon. Footwork is an update of juke, the sexual explicit 808-driven style that emerged in Chicago during the ’90s. R.P. Boo, regularly cited as the genre’s inventor, says footwork’s development was a reaction to the denizens of the dancefloor. “The more I see these dancers out here doin' these things, the more I feed off of them, and my music gets better,” he says. Dancers incorporate quick foot movements and bodily twists into a manically athletic dance that seeks to match the scatter-shot drums of the music. To a newcomer, it sounds fresh, unpredictable and, frankly, a little bit alienating. For the life of me, I cannot imagine the Pixel crowd getting rowdy to footwork’s stumbling cadences. Regardless of my preconceptions, Double Cup is one
O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O
new and notable music in review O O O O O O O O
hell of a footwork primer. DJ Rashad, who emerged as the preeminent producer within the scene, creates jazzy noise collages vaguely reminiscent of Flying Lotus. Like many regional dance styles, footwork’s trademarks are somewhat rigid: hypnotic synth chords, ethereal pitch-shifted vocal samples and methamphetaminecharged hi-hat ticks prevail. The hooks to all the tracks are spoken and repeated ad nauseum, creating slogans out of seemingly innocuous phrases. There’s a little bit of cloud rap’s reverb-heavy production and a lot of lyrics about smoking weed. Footwork might have the sort of easily replicable structures that will be broken down in hundreds of Ableton Live tutorials, but it’s evident that DJ Rashad is the man responsible for writing the manual. This isn’t to say that Double Cup is steadfastly monochromatic. In fact, it’s Rashad’s encyclopedic knowledge of Chicago’s long-standing dance music history that transforms the album from niche curiosity to one of this year’s most impressive dance full-lengths. True to its name, “Acid Bit” takes the abrasive synth leads of acid house and marries it to jungle’s ramshackle clatter. “I’m Too Hi” is drum and bass of the highest quality; it digs up the oft-recycled “Amen Break” and revitalizes it, Dr. Frankenstein style, into an ode to that late-night cross-faded feeling; and “Pass That Shit” is G-Funk filtered through trap snares and Clams
Casino’s patented haze-scented aesthetic. While I’m sure that Double Cup will inspire many Brooklyn-based copycats, it’ll be difficult for anyone to replicate DJ Rashad’s versatility and measured genre experiments. As far as the bafflingly left-field “I Don’t Give a Fuck” goes: it’s a genuine mind-fuck. On it, Rashad earns the John Cage comparisons some have leveled at him while making the most aggressively sinister track I’ve heard all year. Its whooshing synths, atonal EKG noises and nihilistic mantra provides the ultimate soundtrack to a city whose youth culture, as has been widely documented, is on the verge of a violent breakdown. It’d be an uneducated proposition to say that Double Cup is footwork’s pinnacle, but I can’t imagine another producer creating something that sounds this definitive. Lots of dance cultures come and go, unnoticed by album-fetishizing squares like myself due to a focus on singles, but Double Cup is the sort of long-lasting document that could act as a gateway drug for young producers for generations to come. Yes, we’ll have to endure a veritable tidal wave of imitators, but we’ve always got DJ Rashad to remind us of what footwork is capable of. James Rainis is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Poliça Shulasmith Mom and Pop Records Calvin Patten Front-woman Channy Leaneagh accurately and succinctly wrapped up Poliça’s latest album, Shulasmith, in describing it as “Drums. Bass. Synths. Me. Women.” But in explaining a relatively commonplace approach to creating music, she fails to convey the ingenuity, skill and fantastic production that makes Shulasmith a must hear album. Poliça, best described as an R&B-infused electro-pop band, was founded in Minneapolis in 2011. Within a year of forming, the band released their first album, the well-received Give You the Ghost, which introduced listeners to the group’s unique musical styling. The band, which includes two drummers and a bass guitarist and features the production work of Ryan Olsen, quickly gained recognition, not just for Ghost, but for its live shows. Justin Vernon of Bon Iver fame, who makes a brief appearance on Shulasmith-highlight “Tiff,” anointed them as “the best band in the world,” and a sensation was born. Released 20 months after Ghost, Shulasmith is a slightly more mature, thorough piece of music. The record itself incorporates a moody and often frantic sound, as sped-up synths and occasionally off-beat percussion build to a frenzy. Leaneagh’s voice, heavily distorted with the help of Auto Tune, is the connecting tissue between tracks that are frequently in tonal contrast to each other and her lyrics. Together, they create an organic rendering of a woman very much in toil over her affection for a man and her simultaneous desire for personal independence. The thematic content is largely hinted at by the album title: Shulasmith Firestone was an influential, radical feminist in the ’70s, whose writ-
ing Leaneagh has cited as an inspiration. The album’s ability to combine a variety of distinct — sometimes disharmonious — sounds into cohesive songs is truly impressive. At various points, each element (the bass, percussion, vocals and synthesizers) is allowed to come to the forefront, but no single element ever dominates the music. Album intro “Chain My Name” opens with an up-tempo, high-pitched, synthesized layer over a throbbing, funky bass line, coupled with energetic percussion before Leaneagh’s distorted, somewhat muted vocals begin. As the song progresses, these sounds move in and out, giving each at least a brief focus. It is a great first track, not just for how it introduces each musical component, but also for how it establishes the confusion and self-doubt that is the thematic base of Shulasmith. The funk is uptempo and fun, but Leaneagh is less than convinced, singing “So are we made just to fight/All our lives/Chain my name, chain my name, chain my name, chain my name beside you.” As Shulasmith progresses, the listener is further introduced to the variety of sounds and styles Poliça employs. “Smug,” immediately following “Chain my Name,” is a cooler and more subdued song, with scratches, cymbals and hand claps keeping rhythm. Even when the song crescendos, it does so with a quick flurry of percussion before retreating. Quickly, it becomes apparent that the band has an advanced understand of how to juxtapose fast and slow and loud and quiet, not only between songs, but within them. One of the standout efforts on Shulasmith is the dark, relentless “Very Cruel,” which plays to Poliça’s R&B interest and could easily pass for a Weeknd track.
The bass, consistently a highlight of the album, pulses throughout. It is a possessive, minimalist song that ends by encapsulating the Leaneagh’s deranged and shattered mindset as the lyric “We’re so very close,” loops. It is terrifying in a way that music rarely is. “Tiff,” the Justin Vernon feature, is also a standout, though it underutilizes Vernon’s capabilities — he provides little more than background vocals in his duet. In the song’s successes however, we also glimpse a couple of the album’s issues and miscues. For parts of “Tiff,” Leanegh’s vocals are only minimally distorted, allowing them to be much more easily understood. It is a rare point when her lyrics can be understood without unyielding focus, and it gives the listener an opportunity to enjoy poetic and poignant lines like “Measuring up the pretty girls/body buildings sickly fed/need my TV, need my meds/tiffany my vanity.” This is a wellwritten album, but it can be difficult to discern just how well it is written without actively looking up the lyrics. “Tiff” also demonstrates just how good the music sounds when that second, male voice is included. As unique as Leanegh’s sound is, it is relatively staid. The inclusion of more backing could help maintain a diverse sound, especially in parts where the vocals are pushed to the forefront. The production is so good that her lack of dynamism is largely hidden, but hearing the depth provided by Justin Vernon, it becomes noticeable.
Calvin Patten is a sophomore in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at email@example.com.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
10 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Thursday, October 24, 2013 The best way to understand Tim Hecker’s music is by listening to his 2006 album, Harmony in Ultraviolet. It is a masterwork of ambient noise masquerading as drone music, deftly drifting from song to song in a perpetually haunting haze, making the whole of the album worth more than the sum of its songs. But Hecker is also a master at emotion-crafting, and he has an uncanny knack for moving fluidly between spacey haunting wonder and material anger. With Virgins, released as a followup to 2011’s abrasively pounding Ravedeath, 1972, Hecker tones down his signature haze but broadens his music’s emotional palate. Unlike his previous albums, where he manipulated with recorded sounds he already had (Ravedeath’s piano and organ were recorded in a single sitting), for Virgins, Hecker commissioned a group of musicians to record arranged music. This change manifests in the album’s
Best Coast Fade Away Mexican Summer
first surprise, “Virginal I.” The song begins with a ghostly undistorted harpsichord, which slowly builds up the electric embellishments before being cut off by sinister woodwinds. Virgins represents the biggest shift in Hecker’s career: silence takes a front seat and rotting found-footage Basinski-esque songs are eliminated. Instead, Hecker achieves groundlessness by layering overwhelming amounts of instrumentals and purposefully introducing flaws into the music. Without electric embellishments Hecker proves that he can make something just as beautifully and hauntingly mesmerizing, appealing to our most basic senses and leaving us unable to explain just exactly how we felt.
Kai Sam Ng
tle to make the traditional punk structure edgy or even interesting with the track’s clean, bright guitars and even brighter vocals. “Who Have I Become?” seems like the result of a collaboration between Liz Phair and Taylor Swift. The track has similar progressions and vocal delivery to the former but it’s squeaky clean and radio friendly, rendering it boring and pointless. Very little happens of note in the other songs either: The album’s title track seems as if the band sat down and said, “Let’s lethargically pound the drums before the chorus, then turn up some uninspired overdrive and hope for the best.” The product is a repetitive record that is 26 minutes of annoyingly shiny, simple power chord progressions and idiot-proof percussion. Best Coast used to feature guitars consciously light lyrics and guitars wrapped in sun-drenched distortion. Fade Away is still bright with its benign guitar rock progressions, but now they’re now joined by laughably melancholy lyrics and disorientingly clean recording quality. The result is an awful juxtaposition that stretches staid musical ideas into tediously long tracks. Best Coast was on a commercial rise before this mini-album was released, but now, I think (or hope, more accurately) that they’ll do just as the title says: fade away. Mike Sosnick is a sophomore in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Don’t Fear the E-Book
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
Kai Sam Ng is a senior in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Back in 2010, Best Coast released a quirky, fun stoner punk album shrouded in lo-fi haze. Despite the buzz sparked by their debut, they proceeded to alienate fans and critics alike with their follow-up LP, The Only Place. Stripped of the cloud of poorly recorded distortion, the band’s true banality reared its ugly head. Led by 26-year-old Bethany Costentino, Best Coast recently released their third record, a so-called “mini-album” entitled Fade Away. Fade Away continues Best Coast’s trend of polished studio recording, leaving them without a wall of fuzz and crackle to hide behind. Instead, they shine through way too brightly, removing any edge from the band once considered punk. Blandness is the name of the game with Fade Away. While on the debut, Costentino sang about happy-go-lucky relationships and smiles, she decided to put on her big girl pants for her most recent release. Unfortunately, it’s not clear that she could pass a community college creative writing course. If there exists a fill-in-theblanks lyric generator for female rock musicians, she found it. Her themes of passing time and introspection are lost to middle school rhyme schemes with cliché tropes, such as the title track’s “People they change / And love it fades.” Musically, the album isn’t any less vapid. Punk progressions are generally based on 60s bubblegum pop, and Best Coast’s latest effort seems more conducive to finger snapping than head banging. From the opener, “This Lonely Morning,” it’s clear that there’s lit-
ast month, the grump-in-residence of American fiction — that would be our Luddite Laureate Jonathan Franzen — condemned the rise of self-publishing and e-books as self-promotional rubbish. In a controversial essay in The Guardian, Franzen thrashed the Amazon publishing model as a harbinger of the imminent publishing apocalypse. He lamented a time when “publication still assured some kind of quality control” and “literary reputations were more than a matter of self-promotional decibel levels.” His assault on the massive e-book industry was perhaps the most high-profile of a surging tide of negativity toward the world of selfpublishing. When they’re not straying into exaggerated doomsaying — Franzen likened Jeff Bezos to “one of the four horsemen” — these critics have a point. The rise of e-books has radically changed the means of literary distribution. Amazon now dominates the self-publishing industry, promoting a model in which all e-books are published through their platform and writers are responsible for their own publicity. While they’ve monopolized this portion of the market, the model also opens up publishing to a wide range of authors of all backgrounds and skill levels — something that would seem to be a positive thing. As in many other artistic media, electronic distribution has changed the industry’s landscape. What’s fascinating here is that the backlash comes not from the cor-
porate higher-ups at, say, Simon & Schuster but from writers themselves. It’s not a phenomenon unique to publishing. The music and television industries have undergone similar recent transformations. Yet in both of these fields, creatives seem thrilled at the prospect of an everwidening field, where art becomes a more inclusive and accessible medium. Both musical newcomers and established artists have embraced the transition to electronic distribution. While unknown groups stream entire albums on Soundcloud and Bandcamp, giants like Kanye West and Arcade Fire produce intricate, high-quality videos free for repeated viewing on YouTube. Sure, this democratization of music opens up the field to truly terrible artists, but the shift is largely viewed as a
Gina Cargas Gina Tonic positive phenomenon. As with e-published writers on Amazon, these musicians direct their own publicity and success is largely due to popular opinion and online reviews. The problem of illegal downloading remains — this hasn’t hit e-publishing too strongly yet — but no one seems to be asking the question Franzen does of Amazon.
The shift for television is perhaps more analogous to the literature model. Small, aspiring directors can create low-budget webseries distributed entirely via YouTube, allowing creatives other than well-connected Hollywoodites to achieve some measure of success. Take, for example, Issa Rae’s runaway YouTube hit Awkward Black Girl, a short-form series that networks would have never given a second thought. If major New York publishers were once the guardians of literary quality, as Franzen posits, the big TV networks were the gatekeepers of television. And they certainly dominated. In 1983, 60.2 percent of the TV-owning population tuned in for the series finale of M*A*S*H, while Seinfeld hit the 58 percent mark in 1998. Now that consumers have shifted more and more to the daylong binge-watching method of viewing, these statistics have declined significantly. And have TV writers, directors and actors felt the same impending doom that Franzen fears will soon overtake books? Not at all. Rather, this has led to an increase in artistic innovation and a diversification of content. Webseries from The Maria Bamford Show to Sugarboy have allowed people without some massive NBC budget to create insightful, funny and accessible entertainment. Even creators with significant funding have benefitted from thene wmodel. Mitch Hurwitz, the mastermind behind Arrested Development, praised Netflix for allowing him the freedom to innovate on the show’s Netflix-produced fourth season. Without the constraints of time limits and advertising, writers are free to play with a previously static form, all the while increasing public
NILS AXEN / SUN STAFF ILLUSTRATOR
accessibility. So why is self-publishing any different? Not every webseries is good, and the majority of college-students-turned-DJs on Soundcloud are intolerable, yet few of the artists in these fields bemoan the good old days, when a few giant corporations lorded over their industries. Franzen styles himself as the protector of traditional publishing, yet doesn’t give a second thought to the exclusionary, capitalist tendencies of major publishers. The idea that all published books are high quality and any rejected manuscript is trash is pure delusion. Maybe the answer he wants is a world dominated by small indie presses where quality is valued above profit. The reality, though, is that e-books are here to stay. Yes, this means anyone with an internet connection can now publish their writing. And yes, much of that writing will be horrendous, even if you are a big fan of werewolf erotica. But levelling the artistic playing field is by and large a positive development, one that Franzen — and the publishing industry as a whole — should learn to embrace. Gina Cargas is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Gina Tonic runs alternate Thursdays this semester.
COMICS AND PUZZLES
Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Like much Oscar-night attire 5 Under-the-sink installation 10 Take a shine to? 14 Jazz singer Horne 15 Island near Curaçao 16 1930s migrant to California 17 Far __ 18 River where Romulus and Remus were abandoned 19 Hot 20 *Garden display 23 Oklahoma tribe 24 Sends regrets 28 Crazed Muppet drummer 31 Bright light 33 Bamboozled 34 *Paper fastener 36 Where Andy Capp ’angs ’is ’at 37 Noggin 38 Go in haste 39 Stretch 40 Med. lab letters 41 *Feature of some kilts 45 Actor Wallach 46 Creatures of habit? 47 Unfancy to the max? 48 Ready to be served 50 Three French horns, in a Prokofiev classic 51 Electrician’s covers, and a hint to the ends of the answers to starred clues 57 Take a verbal shot at 60 Small porch 61 Sitarist Shankar 62 Busy 63 Mel-Tones frontman 64 Place for the first 42-Down? 65 Opens, as a car trunk
66 Sprinter’s asset 67 Stinky
DOWN 1 Pitch indicator 2 Get back on one’s feet 3 “You are __ much trouble!” 4 Supervillain with a whip 5 Pounds a beat 6 Sheer nonsense 7 Hick 8 Disable the security system for, say 9 Lightweight umbrella 10 Domineering 11 Maui strings 12 Tough spot 13 Tina of “Date Night” 21 Abbr. for the nameless? 22 Shipping route 25 Patronize 26 Jet legend 27 Danish seaport 28 Moseys 29 Compass point? 30 Venezia’s land
31 Innocents 32 Foil kin 35 Deli slicing request 39 Old salt 41 More than suspected 42 Colony residents 43 Sat (down) ungracefully 44 Hang out in the hammock
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013 11
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Red Opens Season at Rochester By ARIEL COOPER Sun Assistant Sports Editor
After successful open rides and about a month of practice, the Cornell equestrian team is ready to get back in the saddle. The Red heads to Rochester this weekend to compete in its first regular season competition in a region which includes Alfred, Nazareth, Ithaca, Binghamton and other local colleges and universities. Rochester Institute of Technology is set to host this weekend’s doubleheader. Coming off of a disappointing season which culminated in a thirdplace finish in the region — eliminating the squad’s chances of sending a team to regionals, zones or nationals — the Red is confident that its new roster will propel it to the top of the pack this season. “This is probably the strongest team I think we’ve ever had,” junior co-captain Georgina de Rham said. “I think that [there is] depth in every division. … It almost makes it more challenging to develop the team roster going to each show because everyone I think is very strong.” Junior co-captain Sofia Steinberger said that she is pleased with how practices have been going. “I think everyone’s been practicing amazingly well,” she said. “Everybody just looks so good.” Intercollegiate Horse Show Association shows are run differently from most horse shows. Riders randomly draw a horse to compete on in each show, adding an element of unpredictability to the competition. “Sometimes it can be very challenging to translate things that are going really well at home to things going well at shows,” de Rham said. “Since the collegiate format is different than a regular format, it’s going to be new for a lot of people. Steinberger said that she is confident that the new recruits will make the adjustment in stride. “There are a lot of new people and IHSA is different than any other type of competition but I feel like … if any year the freshman are going to do really well, this is the year they’re going to do it,” she said. Freshman Victoria Whitworth said that she actually prefers the idea
of competing on an unfamiliar horse. “I actually like that idea because for me, the problem is always [that] I get more anxious on my own horse,” she said. “I know so much about them that it almost makes it worse for me. Not having any knowledge about the horse kind of makes it a little bit less stressful in a way.” Since equestrian is not usually a team sport, the rookies will also experience riding with a team for the first time. “The stress now will be riding for the team rather than just yourself,” Whitworth said. Whitworth began riding around the age of six under the influence of her mother’s own passion for the sport. Now, Whitworth is learning what it is like to be part of a team. “I’ve enjoyed the team atmosphere,” she said. “I really like Todd; he’s a great coach. Georgi and Sofia are really good captains and [keep] everybody organized [and] motivated.” The captains hope that the show will bring the team together and that the riders will enter the competition with a positive attitude. “I want [the rookies] to feel like competing in the IHSA is going to give them the chance to work towards a goal with a team and be part of a team experience that’s meaningful and rewarding for them,” de Rham said. “And I hope that the team is able to go into it with a really positive attitude and an honest and sportsmanlike approach to the competition.” The squad will not know what it is up against this season until the first show begins. “It’s hard for us to be too confident because we don’t know what our competition looks like yet,” Steinberger said. Whitworth hopes that her teammates will be there for each other regardless of the outcome of this weekend’s show. “I just hope that for the show, we can all be really good about supporting each other and [staying] positive no matter what happens,” she said. Ariel Cooper can be reached at email@example.com.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013 13 Take a closer look at the news.
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14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013
The Definition of Clutch ZAKOUR
Continued from page 16
blowout by the fourth quarter? What does it mean to be clutch? If it’s simply peak performance under pressure, many players fit this definition. In fact, clutch loses all meaning if you paint with such a broad brush. For some fringe players, any time they see playing time is a high-pressure situation, even if the game is out of hand. Imagine a bench warmer in the NBA, a second round pick getting some burn. He’s only coming in if it’s a blowout either way, but it’s still one of his few chances to impress his coaches. Every move counts. Every bucket matters dearly. He’s playing for his job, his livelihood. But these garbage-time plays aren’t clutch. At least, one considers them clutch. Clutch is about more than timely buckets or pressurized situations. To me, being clutch means saving your team. Being clutch is raising your game when your team most needs it. It means bailing someone out. If you make the game winner, that’s being timely, not necessarily clutch. That’s not to say buzzer beaters aren’t clutch. LeBron’s game-winning three against Orlando in the Eastern Conference Finals was pretty freaking clutch (which ironically is a shot mostly lost to history since his Cavs lost that series). A marginal player is responsible for one of the most clutch moments I’ve ever witnessed. Entering the game as a defensive placement, DeWayne Wise made an insane leaping catch over the wall to preserve Mark Buerhle’s perfect game in the ninth. Rays outfielder Gabe Kapler had hit a ball over the fence, but Wise bailed out his pitcher. Wise entered the game just for the ninth, coming in cold off the bench and made a play that etched both his and his teammate’s name in the history books. Clutch. Dirk Nowitzki, a former MVP unlike Dewayne Wise, was clutch the whole the 2011 playoffs, carrying his team to a championship. It wasn’t so much about making game winning shots, which he did, but how he bailed out bad possession after bad possession. The Mavericks would seemingly waste an offensive possession just to kick it out to Dirk who
had to make a tough shot, and it seemed he made every bucket his team needed. My response to this poll is simply that I believe LeBron James is one the most clutch players of all time. But he’s still perceived as being less clutch than his contemporaries with great singular, highlight moments like Kobe and Melo. LeBron has bailed out his former Cavaliers and now Heat teams countless times, and routinely closes quarters on huge runs of points or assists that bring his teams back or puts them ahead for good. It’s not about the game-winners for LeBron, although those are starting to accumulate as well, but the whole game. Even if he has a bad quarter or half, he never seems to have a bad game. LeBron always seems to make a huge play to help his team win games. In actuality, clutch is a reflection of your own values and beliefs. Some don’t subscribe to it all. They believe there’s no such thing as clutch. That’s reasonable. But more than anything, clutch is more than one moment or one shot. People get fixated on game winners and last seconds, but the whole game is a continuum. So is being clutch, it’s not just a binary system of “yes he’s clutch,” or “he can’t handle the pressure.” When you watch the World Series this year, watch out for Carlos Beltran. The Cardinals outfielder is arguably the greatest statistical postseason hitter ever, putting up a .337 average with 16 homers across 45 playoff games. But he’s not clutch. At least he’s not perceived that way. As incongruent those seem, it’s true. Beltran’s singular moment he’s best remembered for is striking out looking to end game seven of the 2006 NLCS. Some Mets fans never forgave him for that, despite his continued production and high level of defense. But a career is more than one play. Now Beltran is given the biggest stage in baseball to showcase his clutch prowess. He can erase all the negative perceptions of him (outside of few people in Queens) with a big couple of games, and maybe, like Lebron, begin to turn the tide of public perception in his favor. John Zakour can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 24, 2013 15
T E N
B E N
Q U E S T I O N S
W I L L I A M S MEN’S
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Looking back | Senior captain Ben Williams said the moment the team found out it was the Ivy League Champion is one of his favorite team memories.
Sports Editor and 10 Questions columnist Haley Velasco sat down with men’s soccer senior captain Ben Williams to talk about Lupe Fiasco, older siblings and the end of the regular season. 1. You are a senior captain of the men’s soccer team. What has Cornell soccer meant to you over the last four years? It has really been an amazing experience for me, just growing as an individual [and] also as far as the friends and relationships that I have made. Looking back to four years ago, I couldn’t imagine how amazing it would turn out to be. The brothers that I have made and my relationship with the coaches, it has been awesome. What has the role of captain been like for you this year? I think that the captain role for me has really played out in two different parts: one, with the young guys, mentoring them and just helping them. With such a large class, they kind of need that direction. I just want to leave a legacy for them of how we do things at Cornell soccer and our work mentality. On top of that, [it’s been about focusing on] the team as a whole. In good times and in bad, you have to be there, helping the team in the right direction and always thinking about those things. Those two roles have been what I have focused on as a captain. It has been challenging, but I think that I have really grown as an individual from it. 2. Can you pinpoint one of your favorite memories of being on the team? I think this is pretty common
throughout the team. Last year, we were sitting in Stephen Reisert’s living room when we found out that we were Ivy League champions. It was a crazy night not knowing if Dartmouth was going to win or what was going to happen. When we finally got the news, we celebrated. It was an amazing feeling and I will never forget it. 3. You are from Indiana. What’s the thing that reminds you most about home? I would say when other parents come and cook for us — like, Stephen’s mom is an amazing cook, and she brings us food all the time. That’s what I really relate to home — really good food. Are you a good cook yourself? Not at all. I don’t cook at all. Dining hall all the time. What’s your favorite dining hall then? RPCC. I go to North like pretty much every night. 4. I heard that you have an older sister. What was it like growing up being the little one? It was interesting. She is a little protective of me. It was kind of cool because she paved the way through high school for me. I had some older friends on the soccer team because of her so that was great. But when it came to girls and stuff like that, she was pretty protective. My girlfriend will probably read this and be like, yes. 5. If we opened up your music playlist before a game, what would be on it? Definitely Lupe Fiasco. The guys give
me a tough time because that’s by far my favorite. It’s what I listen to all the time. It’s probably not really expected if you know me or my personality but something clicked when I was younger and I have stuck with it. What’s your favorite Lupe song? My favorite Lupe song … “Fighters.” It’s a little bit of the more sensitive side of me, but yeah, I really like that song a lot. 6. Do your teammates have any nicknames for you? What do they call you? They call me Billiams. To me, I think it’s the lamest nickname of all times; ‘let’s smash your first name with your last name.’ A senior did it when I was a fresh-
“Looking back to four years ago, I couldn’t imagine how amazing it would turn out to be.” Ben Williams man and somehow that stuck. Some guys, that’s all they will call me. 7. If you could pick anyone for your last Slope Day, who would it be? I would be cool if Lupe came again. I went to the concert when he came here before and it was awesome. But I really like Imagine Dragons recently and I think that would be pretty cool. 8. If you could trade places and be on
any of the women’s sports team at Cornell, which team would you choose and why? I would probably pick field hockey or women’s soccer. They are whom I know the most. Do you think that you would be good at field hockey? We tried it one time at the Red Key at Schoellkopf and we had these kids come out and play and we played together. It was really hard. I hurt my back a lot so I don’t know if I have the lower back strength for it. 9. If you could play with any professional soccer player, who would it be? Sergio Ramos. One, he is really good. My teammates would also give me a tough time for this, but I think that he has so much swag. I would love to hang out with him, especially on the soccer field. 10. You have four regular season games left and then potentially the postseason. What does that mean to you? Are you feeling a little sentimental? I am trying really hard not to be. It’s difficult because I can’t help but think and have this countdown in my head of four games, two home games left ever and one [of those] under the lights. It definitely creeps in, but Coach has had a lot of talks about handling those emotions and using them in a positive way, so that’s what I am trying to do. Haley Velasco can be reached at email@example.com.
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
THURSDAY OCTOBER 24, 2013
In the Clutch
MTV’s True Life Features Atticus DeProspo’15
n a recent poll, NBA players said they wouldn’t have Lebron James take the last shot in a game over Kobe or Jordan, despite his two gigantic shots to keep the Heat alive in game six and win game seven in the NBA Finals. It doesn't get any bigger than that. So is Lebron clutch? He’s long struggled
John Zakour Point Blank
CHRIS PHARE / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Addressing issues | MTV’s “True Life: I’m a Gay Athlete” films the Cornell Athlete Ally Club meeting in the Bartels Kaplan Family Room. MTV is featuring junior men’s soccer player Atticus DeProspo.
to overcome a perception he’s not. The word clutch conjures up images of making the buzzer beater or getting the gamewinning hit in the ninth. But it’s more than that. Clutch is performing under pressure, at least, so goes the conventional wisdom. The problem with defining who is or isn’t clutch is that the concept of clutch is so nebulously defined. Where’s the line between clutch and just performance? Is it clutch if someone has such a great game that it’s a See ZAKOUR page 14
By HALEY VELASCO Sun Sports Editor
True Life is one in a multitude of shows that MTV has produced over the last decade that have revolutionized social conversation. Along with series like 16 and Pregnant, Teen Mom and Made, MTV’s True Life series has developed a culture that addresses issues that are not always easiest to talk about. In each episode, the show focuses on one issue, such as soldiers returning
from Iraq, people living with autism or heroin users struggling with addiction. The episodes are narrated by real people as they tell their stories to millions of their peers. So why is the True Life production company here on the Hill? The crew is here to follow men’s soccer player Atticus DeProspo in his daily life as a gay student-athlete and to feature him alongside two others on an episode of the show called “True Life: I’m a Gay Athlete.”
“Basically, [they are] filming my daily life as a student-athlete at Cornell,” DeProspo said. This semester has been a whirlwind for the junior midfielder, as he started Athlete Ally here on the Hill with the help of Prof. Beth Livingston, industrial and labor relations. The club looks to provide a safe environment for athletes and non-athletes to be accepted for who they are. “We got involved with MTV True Life because it was an opportunity, not only for me to be honest about who I am but also to show a place where people could feel welcome and accepted and maybe, hopefully, reach out to individuals who are struggling to accept who they are,” he said. “Cornell could be that place that they aspire to if they want to continue playing sports at the collegiate level.” The True Life crew will be following DeProspo all week filming what makes the student-athlete tick. Highlights will include an Athlete Ally meeting, hanging out with his teammates, the Cornell versus Brown game at 3:30 p.m. Saturday and DeProspo’s daily school routine. “They are filming me being me,” he said. Haley Velasco can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Men’s Squad Faces Off in All-Cornell Doubles Final By OLIVIA WITTELS Sun Staff Writer
The men’s tennis team returned from the United States Tennis Association / Intercollegiate Tennis Association Regional Championships at Yale with not just a firstplace doubles finish, but a second-place doubles finish as well. The Red achieved the rare feat of having two teams from the same school in the championship match, which was played Wednesday night at Cornell’s Reis Tennis Center. Junior captain Fleck and freshman Chris Vrabel beat junior teammates Jason Luu and Quoc-Daniel Nguyen, 8-2, to take home the USTA/ITA regional doubles championship title. This all-Cornell final was a notable feat; the last time two schools — Princeton and Harvard — had multiple doubles semifinalists was in 2010, and that year, each squad only sent one team to the finals. Fleck and Vrabel earned an 8-3 semifinal victory over Harvard's Nicky Hu and Brian Yeung to set up the final matchup against junior teammates Jason Luu and Quoc-Daniel Nguyen. Luu and Nguyen beat Dartmouth’s Cameron Ghorbani and Brendan Tannenbaum, 8-2, for their spot in the finals. The team also gave a solid singles performance, with Fleck defeating Harvard’s Andrew Ball, 6-3, 6-5, in the quarterfinals, before falling in a tight semifinal match, 64, 6-4, to Columbia’s Winston Lin. Lin defeated Vrabel, 6-2, 6-0, in the quarterfinals. Despite the fact that Fleck did not play in a few tournaments leading up to Regionals because of an injury, head coach Silviu Tanasoiu attributed Fleck’s success to his strong work ethic.
“He came back to play more than 10 matches over the weekend and stay at such a high level effort and quality of tennis — it was wonderful. He’s the captain of our team and there’s a reason for that,” Tanasoiu said. “I think he showed this weekend, once again, what type of competitor he is.” Tanasoiu believes that team’s mentality is what pushed the Red to the next level at the tournament. “As the tournament moved on, I felt like the mindset was the right one. I could hear it from them, I could sense it from them, that they were on the right path,” Tanasoiu said. “They didn’t worry too much about the score; they were just executing those things that we’ve been preaching … and they were getting a lot of confidence with each match they played. [It’s] not that they just made the final, it’s the way they’ve competed in this tournament that’s the most impressive thing.” Fleck added that because doubles play started early each morning, the pairs knew they had to compete at a high level from the beginning. “[Play] starts at 8 a.m. quite often, and we made a point to come out with as much energy as possible — we got off to a quick start in our matches and carried that on,” he said. “That’s one of the most important things in college, to be really intense the whole time and not give your opponent anything, and I think we did a really good job of that.” While an all-Cornell final was certainly a positive achievement for the Red, competing against teammates is no easy task, particularly because all four players have a strong sense of each other’s strengths and weaknesses. “It’s nice to know that a team from
Cornell is going to win the Regionals for the first time in a long time and send someone to the National Indoor Championships.” Fleck said before Wednesday’s match. “We know each other’s games so well that it will definitely be weird playing each other, but it’s something that we’ve just got to deal with and not really focus on too much, and just focus on how we play individually rather than focus on who we’re playing.” At Harvard, both of the Red’s doubles pairs — senior captain Ryann Young and freshman Marika Cusick, and junior Lauren Frazier and freshman Alexandra D’Ascenzo — lost in their first round matches. The Red found more success in its singles play, with both Young and Cusick making it to the third round before falling to Ivy opponents. Young was defeated, 6-2, 6-3, by Harvard’s Spencer Liang, while Cusick lost, 6-1, 7-5, to Dartmouth’s Jacqueline Crawford. Young attributed the lack of doubles success to the fact that the pairs had not played many competitive matches together, which is in part because two of the four players attending the tournament are new to the squad this season. “We just haven’t played a lot together, both of the teams. We need to work on some of the little things — like coming into the net, getting first serves in,” said Young. She added that while the team did not do as well as it would have liked to in singles, the tournament was useful in pointing out specific parts of each player’s game that they will need to improve upon throughout the off-season. “Personally, for me, it was the best I’ve played all fall. That was really exciting, but at the same time I know what I have to
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Small improvements | Senior captain Ryann Young said she and doubles partner Marika Cusick need to work on the “little things” in order to have future success.
work on for the spring,” Young said. “Marika also played really well, and again, she knows what she has to work on, and that’s what we’re going to do for the next couple of weeks.” The women are still in-season until mid-November despite not having any matches scheduled, so they will use the next few weeks to perfect certain areas of their game until they pick up competitive play again mid-January. “[We’ll be] playing a lot of points and dealing with the pressure situations like we did in the tournament,” Young said. Olivia Wittels can be reached at email@example.com.