INDEPENDENT SINCE 1880
The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 130, No. 33
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 10, 2013
ITHACA, NEW YORK
16 Pages – Free
The God Particle
Cloudy HIGH: 71 LOW: 54
François Englert, one of the physicists who discovered the Higgs Boson particle, began his career at Cornell. | Page 3
James Rainis ’14 says that Danny Brown’s Old is suprisingly new.
The women’s soccer team is preparing to play Harvard University at home this weekend. | Page 16
| Page 9
Wireless Network Use Jumps at C.U. Area GOP, Dems University sees 25 percent increase in usage of network from last year
Point Fingers in Govt.Shutdown
By EMMA COURT Sun News Editor
Skyrocketing wireless network use at Cornell is causing some Internet surfers at popular venues like Trillium, Duffield Hall and Amit Bhatia Libe Café to see connectivity problems, according to University officials. This year, the University has seen a maximum of 25,000 unique devices on the network at the same time — a 25 percent increase in usage from last year. To keep up with demand, Cornell Information Technologies has increased the University’s wireless networks’ capacity by 31 percent since last year, according to Celisa Manly ’93, manager of advanced projects for CIT.
By AKANE OTANI Sun Managing Editor
Despite the increase in capacity, some students said they are experiencing new problems connecting to wireless networks on campus. See WI-FI page 4
HAEWON HWANG / SUN CONTRIBUTOR
Red roving | Students access wireless networks in Amit Bhatia Libe Cafe, one of the areas on campus with the most wireless
Ten days into a government shutdown that has Americans pointing fingers at both sides of the political spectrum, Rep. Tom Reed (R-N.Y. 23) and 2014 hopeful Democrat Martha Robertson ’75 are sparring over who is to blame for Capitol Hill’s gridlock. National parks were closed, federal grants were frozen and nearly half a million federal workers were furloughed Oct. 1 because Congress failed to reach a “[Rep. Reed] is compromise on government spending. In New one of the York’s 23rd congressional authors of the district, Americans place more blame on Repubgridlock.” licans for the shutdown, with 42 percent approving Carl Hayden of Republicans and 48 percent approving of Democrats in an October poll conducted by MoveOn.org. Perhaps hoping to sway voters toward their respective sides, Ithaca and Tompkins County officials have drawn swords. Robertson, who is running to defeat Reed in the 2014 Congressional election, teamed up with Democratic leaders in a campaign
traffic (above). A graph illustrates the network demand in Trillium over a 24-hour period (above right).
See SHUTDOWN page 5
MTVCribs Spinoff Will Show Off Cornell Fraternity Houses By DARA LEVY
year — the period at which freshmen may begin entering fraternity houses, according to Felix Tabary ’14, vice president for Countless preteens watched MTV’s University and community relations for the Cribs, dreaming of one day showing their IFC. Tabary said that releasing the videos houses to the world. Now, as part of a project between the Interfraternity Council after Fall Break will reduce the possibility and Slope Media, Cornell fraternity mem- that freshmen will be tempted to enter frabers will show their houses in a new series ternity houses before it is permitted. Tabary said the videos will help change of online videos called “IFC Cribs.” The one to two-minute long videos fea- “preconceived notions” of fraternities that freshmen have before rush, turing various Cornell fraspeaking from what he ternity houses will be posted online following Fall “A fraternity house is a said was his own experipretty intimidating ence of not having known Break, according to Lizzie Brooks ’14, vice president place, especially when what a fraternity was when he first came to Cornell. of content for Slope Media. you don’t know “I kind of imagined a Each video will feature house with 50 guys in it the exterior of a house, anything about [it].” doing crazy things, and it one common area, the Felix Tabary ’14 didn’t make sense to me,” dining area, one typical Tabary said. “Had there bedroom and one or two been videos, it would distinctive features of the house. A member of each fraternity will have been more informative.” Tabary said he thinks freshmen might serve as a host of the house throughout the use the videos to better understand the video, similar to MTV’s Cribs. The videos were initially meant to houses before the formal fraternity rush expose freshmen to the inside of fraternity process. “A fraternity house is a pretty intimidathouses before the second quarter of the Sun Senior Writer
ing place, especially when you don’t know anything about [it]. Situating yourself before actually going to them eliminates the fear factor [of rush],” Tabary said. Slope Media previously produced “C.U. Cribs,” which featured fraternities, sororities and co-ops, but according to Brooks,
this is a separate project and is designed to give every fraternity that wishes to participate equal exposure. “We figured there’s got to be a way to showcase these houses like [“C.U. Cribs”], See CRIBS page 5
MICHELLE FELDMAN / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
15 minutes of fame | Pi Kappa Phi is one of the fraternities that will be participating in “IFC Cribs,” a spinoff of the MTV show, Cribs.
2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013
Thursday, October 10, 2013
Price of Life Bake Sale 11 a.m. - 4 p.m., Ho Plaza C.U. Music: Midday Music at Lincoln 12:30 - 1:15 p.m., B20 Lincoln Hall New Nuclei From Old Stars: Observing Trans-Iron Elements in Planetary Nebulae 4 - 5 p.m., 105 Space Sciences Building Development Seminar, Kira Villa 4:15 p.m., 494 Uris Hall
Break is nearly here Five more prelims in the way please don’t cough near me ~ Germa Phobe ’15
“Sequoia” Recent Work by Slater Bradley 10 a.m. - 5 p.m., Johnson Museum of Art Beyond the Birth Day: Postpartum Care for the New Family Noon - 1 p.m., 163 Day Hall Preparing for the Job Market Noon - 1 p.m., 100 Caldwell Hall Environmental, Real Estate and Urban Economics Seminar 4:15 - 5:45 p.m., 498 Uris Hall Home Movie Night 7:30 p.m., Willard Straight Theatre, Willard Straight Hall
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THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013 3
Long-Distance Classes Take C.U.
By ERIC OBERMAN Sun Contributor
For most Cornell professors, the commute to work is an easy trip from their homes in Ithaca. But, over the past few years, telecommuting and videoconferencing has made it possible for some professors to live and travel outside of Ithaca while teaching Cornell classes. Some professors live in a different city and teach classes remotely for an entire semester. Other professors have reaped the benefits of telecommuting while traveling away from Ithaca during the semester for shorter durations, such as when attending conferences elsewhere, according to Barbara Friedman ’81, assistant director of the Academic Technology Center. WebEx — a Cisco program that allows students to video chat with their professor and other students and view PowerPoint presentations that the professor has uploaded — is frequently used by professors who are only out of class temporarily, according to Friedman. This strategy allows faculty to continue to teach, rather than having teaching assistants step in, which “[maintains] the continuity of the class,” Friedman said. This can be especially beneficial when professors are in locations that are of interest to students or relevant to the topic at hand, Friedman added. Prof. Angela Gonzales, development sociology, has been using WebEx this semester to continue teaching Development Sociology 4100: “Health and Survival Inequalities” while conducting research in Arizona. “I wanted some way to actually teach my class while I was gone instead of inviting a guest lecturer or showing a film to fill the time I would be away,” Gonzales said. According to Gonzales, students were allowed to attend class from anywhere they had an Internet connection. Gonzales said that, while she experienced some technical difficulties with the program — for example, some students were unable to log in and watch lectures — it was a generally positive experience. “I think it’s hugely beneficial to both instructors and students. That said, I’m not sure I would would ever teach a
JIALI WANG / SUN CONTRIBUTOR
Karin Hutton ’17, Evelyn Yinghan Pan grad, Sharon Spear ’16 and Marek Kwasnica ’10 grad present a networking scene for a workshop Wednesday about the importance of networking in Goldwin Smith Hall.
course entirely online,” she said. “Having this as an option allows me to meaningfully engage in teaching when I need to be away.” Beyond videoconferencing software itself, some schools at Cornell — including the School of Industrial and Labor Relations and the Johnson Graduate School of Management — have classrooms with built-in videoconferencing technology that are specifically designed for professors to telecommute. Friedman said the classrooms are equipped with microphones and cameras that make distance learning operate more smoothly. One class held in a specialized distance learning classroom is ILR Organizational Behavior 4203: “Pragmatics of Leadership,” taught by Prof. Sam Bacharach, industrial and labor relations, who is based in New York City. The class takes place in a distance learning classroom in Ives Hall, where Bacharach lectures to both a group of interns in New York City and students in Ithaca. The class lectures on Mondays and students meet with teaching assistants on Fridays. “[The class] surprisingly does not differ much from my classes with professors in the room other than that lecture is only once a week,” Bianca Rodriguez ’15, a student in Bacharach’s class said. “At first I figured the lecture part of the class would be like any other, with lots of one-way communication with the professor lecturing the material at you. But Professor Bacharach really tries to have both the stu-
dents in Ithaca and the ones with him in the city engage in all the lectures.” Students in the class each have microphones at their respective seats that allow them to communicate directly with Bacharach. The classroom also contains two screens, so that the professor and his presentation can be viewed at the same time. Bacharach said he tries to make sure the class is especially engaging by creating visual aids and bringing in guest speakers like Rob Manfred ’80, the assistant commissioner of Major League Baseball, and Doug Braunstein ’83, the former Chief Financial Officer of J.P. Morgan. Students in the class are usually given the opportunities to ask questions of the speakers and participate in discussions with them in order to help them engage in the content, Bacharach said. “We keep it highly interactive,” Bacharach said. “I’m trying to achieve the combination of video teaching with intimacy. I get very excited about it.” Michael Haflett, a Distance Learning and Classroom Technologies coordinator for ILR, said Bacharach is one of a number of professors who use distance learning technology in the school. He said, in his opinion, these professors can “energize a classroom full of students regardless of where they are.” Eric Oberman can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Higgs Boson Finding Traced to C.U.
Around The ivies
Physicist behind Nobel Prize-winner taught,studied at Univ. By EMMA COURT Sun City Editor
Popular burger chain Shake Shack will be opening a new location at Harvard University in Harvard Square, according to The Harvard Crimson. Columbia University alumnus Representative Charles Rangel ’83 was arrested on Tuesday protesting immigration reform in the National Mall, along with seven other U.S. representative, The Columbia Spectator reports. Brown University alumna Janet Yellen ’67 was announced as President Obama’s intended Chair of the Federal Reserve, according to The Brown Daily Herald.
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Joe Swanson ’62 M. Eng. ’63 presents a lecture Wednesday on sustainable energy and the future of the solar power industry.
Two physicists’ Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the Higgs boson particle, which has been nicknamed the “key to the universe,” traces back to Cornell University. This Tuesday, Prof. Emeritus Peter W. Higgs, theoretical physics, University of Edinburgh in Scotland, and Prof. Emeritus François Englert, theoretical physics, Université Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium, were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the Higgs boson. The Higgs boson particle, which Higgs and Englert discovered in March, is the source of a field without which “all elementary forms of matter would zoom around at the speed of light, flowing through our hands like moonlight,” according to The New York Times. Without the particle, there would be neither atoms nor life. Englert, one of the particle’s discoverers, began his career as a post-doc researcher and a professor at Cornell in the 1950s and 60s, according to a
University press release. During his time at Cornell, Englert worked under former Prof. Robert Brout, physics, who was also a involved in the discovery of the Higgs boson particle but was not eligible to win the Nobel Prize because he died in 2011. Englert wrote about the time he first met Brout in 1959 in the August 2011 edition of Physics Today magazine.
Belgium as well, where he continued to partner with Englert in theoretical physics research. “Our present understanding of the world in physical terms bears the mark of Robert Brout’s contribution to physics,” Englert said in his piece in Physics Today. Prof. Peter Wittich, physics, who was involved in the Higgs boson’s discovery, said in a press release that the Nobel Prize confirms the monu“It’s been an exciting time mental scale of the scientists’ for particle physics.” work. “When we Peter Wittich announced the discovery of the Higgs boson in “Our first meeting was 2012, we knew it was a realunexpectedly warm. He ly important result –– and picked me up at the airport the Nobel Prize committee and took me for a drink, has confirmed that feeling,” which lasted nearly the Wittich said. “Finding the whole night. When we part- Higgs boson explains how ed, we knew that we would elementary particles become become friends,” Englert massive, thereby solving a wrote. long-standing mystery, and Englert returned to really, that is what science is Belgium two years later, at all about. … It's been an which point he said he and exciting time for particle Brout’s “collaboration in sta- physics.” tistical physics and our friendship had indeed become deeply rooted.” Emma Court can be reached Brout left Cornell for at email@example.com.
4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013
High-Traffic Areas, Device Quirks Among Connectivity Factors Wi-Fi
Continued from page 1
Jadey Huray ’14 said she has had trouble with intermittent connections, having to restart her computer multiple times and slow uploading and downloading speeds. The problems are especially frustrating when she is attending class and trying to take notes, Huray said. Manly said that the University has not seen more broken access points — which indicate how reliable or unreliable a network is — this year than in previous years. Still, she said the University has observed “a significant increase” in the number of devices that are trying to connect to a wireless network at a given time. In response, the University has increased the number of access points by a full third. It has also invested in improving access points’ infrastructure to tune the performance of both existing access points and the network itself, according to Manly. Manly said there are multiple possible explanations for why students have been experiencing difficulty connecting to the Internet. For instance, students could be experiencing difficulty connecting to wireless networks because of their location — if they are working in congested or high-traffic areas — and the time of day. “We are aware of areas where there is congestion — where the number of users, the number of “I think there is a devices connecting, is problematic. digital lifestyle today, It’s not congested all the time, but and certainly just you can almost see class changes when we are monitoring the capaceven in addition to ity of our network,” Manly said. needing more devices, The University has seen users struggle with connectivity in places people do more like Trillium, Duffield Hall, things online.” Carpenter Hall, Statler Hall, Robert Purcell Community Center Celisa Manly ’93 and the Amit Bhatia Libe Café, according to Manly. She said CIT works with departments responsible for areas that are experiencing congestionrelated network issues to improve connectivity by increasing the number of access points available to users. In general, Manly said there has been a trend of increasing reliance on Cornell wireless networks, particularly with students using multiple wireless devices like smartphones, iPads, tablets and laptops. In total, over the last year — from October 2012 to October 2013 — 103,118 unique devices have connected to Cornell Wi-Fi, and 43,546 unique individuals have used the Cornell network. “When I was in college here at Cornell, in 1992 or 1993, these devices were not as prevalent. Even laptops were not as prevalent — people weren’t working on a laptop in a dining hall. You were just sitting and talking with folks, maybe writing in a notebook,” Manly said. “So I think there is a digital lifestyle today, and certainly just even in addition to needing more devices, people do more things online. You can order a sandwich online; you can stream a movie. … So I think there’s definitely more devices, more kinds of devices that use the network.” Beyond the issue of high-traffic areas on campus, Manly said there are many factors that can play a role in an individual’s ability to connect and maintain a connection with a wireless network, which makes it impossible to say “all of the students’ issues are caused by the same root cause.” For instance, connection problems could arise depending on the characteristics of the device the student is using. In addition, factors like how many other people are using the same access point and what type of activity they are engaging in can affect Internet connectivity. For example, watching a video is more wireless resourceintensive than surfing the web, Manly said. Still, Manly encouraged students experiencing a problem to report it to CIT service desks so they can troubleshoot the problem, saying “a lot of factors” could be at play. “Because Wi-Fi works in three dimensions — it’s a bubble, not a sheet — if a person above or below you [in a multi-story building] were using a device that causes interference with wireless, it could affect your ability to connect,” Manly said, saying that one example of such a device is the microwave oven. “So it might be things that you, as the end user, are completely unaware of. I mean, how would you know someone’s using a microwave oven a floor above you?” In an effort to improve its services across campus, CIT will be releasing an app within this academic year that will allow wireless network users to rate the quality of service in their location, Manly said. Currently, individuals experiencing difficulties must either email or call the CIT service desk. Emma Court can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Robertson’75 Challenges Reed’s Role in Shutdown ‘We have to be realistic and take into account the risks of default,’ Rep. Tom Reed counters SHUTDOWN
Continued from page 1
video Wednesday to accuse Reed of stalling government action on resolving the shutdown. “[Reed] is not merely a part of the gridlock; he is one of the authors of the gridlock,” said Carl Hayden, former chair of the New York State of Regents, in the video. “People want their business done,” Hayden added, as the word “ideologue” in all caps was branded across a picture of Reed. Robertson, in comparison, “is just instinctively bridge-building,” Hayden said, with the video showing a smiling Robertson conversing with constituents. “She understands that you don’t get anything done by confrontation. You get things done by conversation and reasoned discussion,” Hayden added. Reed fired back. It is the Democrat-controlled Senate that is sitting on all potential solutions, he said. Meanwhile, Congress faces a ticking clock: Wall Street analysts say the U.S. will default, plunging into economic catastrophe, if the country cannot agree to raise the debt ceiling by Oct. 17. “Considering the Senate’s track record of not negotiating or even coming to the table, we have to be realistic and take into account the risks of default,” Reed said in a press release. “This country needs the President to be a leader and join the House in working on a path forward not just to open the government, but our long-term debt crisis.” Reed added that he thinks both Democrats and President Barack Obama are sending an inappropriate message to the country’s youth, “who will end up bearing the brunt of our debt.” The Republican-dominated House of Representatives has passed eight bills to fund services it deems essential, including that of the National Institutes of Health and assistance to low-income women and children. “These bills remain in front of the Senate, where [Sen. Harry Reid (D-N.V.)] can decide to take them up at any time,” Reed said in the press release. “If the Senate believes we should fund these types of vital programs, it can choose to do so at any time. Regardless of Harry Reid and the President’s unwillingness to work with us, the House will continue to offer solutions that ensure vital services remain in place.” Despite his defenses, if neither side can break the impasse, Reed may see support for him in the 23rd district slide in the coming days. Just 35 percent of voters said they approved of Reed in an Oct. 2 - 4 poll conducted by MoveOn.org. With two-thirds of Americans polled by CNN saying they think the shutdown has caused either a crisis or “major problems” in their lives, Congress’ public perception — already poor to begin with — has taken a significant hit. Akane Otani can be reached at email@example.com.
IFC Cribs Spinoff Aims To Show Freshmen the Inside of Frat Houses CRIBS
Continued from page 1
but not that many people watched those,” Tabary said. Tabary said the videos are only meant to show the actual fraternity house, not any aspects of a chapter’s brotherhood. “The idea is simply to be informative, not to make freshmen want to or not want to join a house,” Tabary said. According to Brooks, each video was kept to a standard list of shots to ensure fairness, and all of the videos will be posted at the same time so that no one house is unfairly at a position to receive more views than another. Cameron Pritchett ’15, president of the Sigma Chi fraternity and minority at-large representative for the Student Assembly, said he is looking forward to seeing how the videos pan out. “‘IFC Cribs’ provides a fantastic opportunity for fraternities to showcase one of the things they cherish the most: their houses,” Pritchett said. “I'm optimistic that seeing these houses rich in tradition ... will compel more freshmen and transfers to come out for rush week in the spring.” Dara Levy can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013 5
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Sam Ritholtz |
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
White Boy Goes to Africa
Independent Since 1880 131ST EDITORIAL BOARD REBECCA HARRIS ’14 Editor in Chief
HANK BAO ’14
AKANE OTANI ’14
LIZ CAMUTI ’14
AUSTIN KANG ’15
ANDY LEVINE ’14
HALEY VELASCO ’15
RACHEL ELLICOTT ’15
ALEX REHBERG ’16
DAVID MARTEN ’14
REBECCA COOMBES ’14
SHAILEE SHAH ’14
ZACHARY ZAHOS ’15
EMMA COURT ’15
LIANNE BORNFELD ’15
Associate Managing Editor
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Assistant Sports Editor
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Social Media Manager
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WORKING ON TODAY ’S SUN DESIGN DESKERS PHOTO NIGHT EDITORS NEWS DESKERS SPORTS DESKER ARTS DESKER
Tom the Dancing Bug
Hannah Kim ’14 Catherine Leung ’15 Connor Archard ’14 Michelle Feldman ’15 Lianne Bornfeld ’15 Emma Court ’15 Emily Berman ’15 Arielle Cruz ’15
by Ruben Bolling
uring one impressively unproductive procrastination session in Olin, I stumbled across the tumblr, “Gurl Goes to Africa,” with the witticism “I went to Africa and all I got were these pictures” as its tagline. The website defines its purpose as “for all you fabulous biddies who decided that Africa was the right place for you. There’s nothing like good ’ole exotification to fill up your time while basking in the hot Saharan sun, wearing your “traditional” African clothes, eating ‘weird’ foods and taking as many photos of Black children as possible. You go gurl with lots of privilege! This is dedicated to you.” Upon reading this description and seeing that the website delivered on its promise of posting White girls and boys posing with little African children, I panicked. Here I am, a (self -proclaimed) fabulous “biddie,” who has traveled to and “worked/volunteered/learned” in Ghana and Tanzania, and who has taken as many classes as possible in African studies. Before realizing that the website hasn’t been too active in the past year, I feverishly scanned every page of the website to make sure that my pale face did not grace this corner of the interweb. I luckily failed to find my own pearly whites smiling in one of these photographs, but I was still troubled by my discovery of this website. A quick look through my Facebook page and you can find that I am as guilty as it comes of this “Gurl Goes to Africa” phenomenon. In my default photos, you will see pictures of me rocking kitenge patterned pants, making funny faces with my Tanzanian homestay brothers and posing with dear friends in “exotic” locales. Is this racist? Am I inherently and unknowingly evoking a privileged idea that exacerbates decades, if not centuries, of harmful power dynamics? Is my interest in Africa paternalistic and a modern day form of exoticism? I was worried about this quarter-life existential crisis and so I asked around. The professors affiliated with my travels to Africa told me that my worry alone invalidated my fears. My more “radical” friends (read: those educated on race theory and diversity issues and who appropriately advocate for more discourse on these matters) told me: “Not necessarily,” and to go read Teju Cole’s writings on the White Savior Industrial Complex. My African friends challenged me with a question of their own — asking about their own roles in my perceived panic and how those who experience more opportunity should feel in similar situations. So who’s right? The blog? My peers? Both. I think it’s best to break the argument down further. Let’s start with the argument proposed by the website: That I, a westerner with lots of photos with smiling African children, am using my privilege to take advantage of others. The famous speech, “To Hell with Good Intentions,” by Ivan Illich eloquently explains this argument of the paternalistic pitfalls of “American do-gooders … pretentiously imposing” themselves on the people they are trying to help in the developing world. In Illich’s argument, those who go to the developing world do more harm than good because they are woefully unaware of their own impacts in the community. He advises those who wish to help others to at the very least, work with people who can tell them “to go to hell.” The other side of the argument puts a more positive spin on this congruence of cultures. Advocates for the service-learning experience in the developing world focus
on the potential for intercultural collaboration to improve the lives of all parties involved. This idealistic mantra has found its patron in Nicholas Kristof, who in many of his pieces for the New York Times and in his book Half the Sky, encourages the next generation to learn about themselves and the world by exploring. He advocates for social entrepreneurial endeavors and the “Do It Yourself ” foreign aid approach to help foster change in the world. His stance firmly contrasts that of Illich, as Kristof believes that “do-gooders” can and will make a difference in the world — even if the issues they face invoke ethical dilemmas and their solutions sometimes fail. Through my experiences abroad and through my studies, I have seen the results of failed good intentions and they’re awful. I have seen the ignorant Westerner make promises to a child that they could never keep, the traveler blatantly disrespect his or her own hosts and the project of an NGO fall apart after the aid workers left. With these examples in mind, I am a bit skeptical of Kristof ’s faith in our generation. We do not all engage in the dialogues and reflection that this field needs. But there is a lot of power to be found in these cross-cultural interactions and I do not wish to understate them. When people from two societies come together and speak, they both have much to learn. When I traveled to Ghana with a group of Cornell students, we were inspired and humbled by the dialogues that we engaged in with many of the local women. As for our Ghanaian counterparts, I received feedback that they enjoyed the conversation, as it allowed them to share ideas with us, organize their thoughts and speak openly about issues they faced in their community. My favorite piece of feedback from that trip was that many women found it refreshing to engage in a constructive conversation with Obroni or Twi for “White folk.” For me, the keyword here was “conversation” because it signaled a dialogue with even contribution from both sides. After our conversations, we almost always took a picture together and to me, my love for these pictures was not rooted in my deep affection for exoticism, but in my deep affection for powerful discourse. I believe that our generation can and will make a difference, but we must be smart. As it becomes easier to travel and to explore the hidden corners of the earth, we must be present and self-aware during our attempts to “help.” We must challenge ourselves to think critically about our actions and our impact in the communities that we work. My ability to travel with relative ease to Africa may be a result of a harrowing history between two parts of the world, but my presence on the continent is not inherently racist. As a Westerner from an elite institution, I am aware of the ethical dilemmas involved in my work and it is my responsibility to be aware of the historical, social and cultural contexts that produce these situations. I must not shy away from these conversations presented by “Gurls Goes to Africa” and I must not be afraid to question my intentions and myself. I have been, and will be again, one of many White boys in Africa and it is up to me to make sure that my time on the continent is not another failed good intention. Sam Ritholtz is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He may be reached at email@example.com. Guest Room appears periodically this semester.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013 7
Max Schechter |
You Know About the Government Shutdown. Does That Matter?
hen my editor asked what I’d be writing about this week I replied, “Take a guess.” She responded with, “Oh right, something actually happened!” While I resent the implication that political activity isn’t a whir of constant exciting activity, both comments made the same point. Right now, there is one dominant topic of conversation in the American political world: the government shutdown. I’ve seen friends who have never shown an interest in politics post passionately about the shutdown on Facebook. The news is awash with stories about the woman whose cancer treatment is stalled because of the shutdown, the couple that can’t get married at Yosemite National Park and, of course, Cornell students not getting to work at their government internships. With all of these pressing issues at the forefront, adding something new to the conversation is difficult, but I shall endeavor to do just that by asking the following question: Does the fact that people are aware of the government shutdown matter? Will the spike in awareness about what Congress is (not) doing have noticeable political effects? Personally, I can see it play out in several ways. The first possibility is that this government shutdown and the heightened attention people are paying to it will not have any political effects. Although we don’t know when the federal government will get upand-running again, most experts predict it to be relatively soon (within a week from today is a safe estimate, I think). Most experts also agree that the next congressional elec-
tions will be held Nov. 4, 2014. This govern- from the electorate, so this awareness and ment shutdown may seem like very old news anger might not be able to affect their elecby the time most members of Congress have tions. to stand for reelection. If elections were held The cynic in me says that there won’t be tomorrow, people would want to hold mem- any political effects from the shutdown, but bers of Congress responsible for this shut- what if I let my inner optimist shine down, but who knows what the voting pub- through? I think there are two plausible scenarios in which the public’s awareness about lic will be mad about in November 2014? The other reason to think the public the shutdown can affect politics. The first effect could be an electoral one. attention won’t have an effect is that, even if the average voter is still angry about this gov- Forget what I said about gerrymandering for a second because we don’t need all of those ernment shutdown in members who November are responsible 2014, it is unlikely The cynic in me says there for the shutthat the won’t be any political down to lose we just need people effects from the shutdown, — 17 seats to flip responsible but what if I let my inner f r o m for the shutdown optimist shine Republicans to Democrats. will lose an through? Although this election. is not an easy The shuttask, right now down happened because of the steadfast position of people are as angry at Congress as they have some extreme Republicans in the House of ever been and the Republicans are getting Representatives. The borders of congression- most of the blame. More than 20 house al districts for most members of House of Republicans have agreed to sign a “clean conRepresentatives are drawn in such a way that tinuing resolution” to get the government the district has a strong bias toward one party going. That action translates to, “the voters or the other. Most members of congress do in my district might actually fire me if this not worry about the general election as much shutdown doesn’t end soon.” Maybe all this as the primary election, in which they have to focus on the government shutdown will be concerned about challenges from the motivate enough people who are typically more ideological wing of their party. The apathetic to vote next year. More likely than ultra-conservative Republicans who caused that, maybe people who are regular voters this shutdown might have very little to fear will be encouraged to up their commitment
and become precinct organizers. This could be the deciding factor in some elections! A final outcome this heightened political awareness could have is to make more Americans realize what the government actually does. Now that we’ve witnessed useful websites go down, parks and monuments close, school districts forced to wait for funding, visa and passport issues and dozens of other effects, maybe the conversation about government funding will shift. When people think about what the government does for them maybe they’ll remember that the government positively affects many areas of our life. I think most people like their food inspected for disease and having a place to report unsafe workplace conditions, both of which were scaled way down due to the shutdown. Maybe this heightened awareness will reveal to people that they actually like some of what the government does. All of my friends know the federal government has shut down. I don’t know whether this will have any political ramifications, but I think it might. I hope that the members of the Republican party who caused this shutdown have to answer for it at the ballot box. I also hope that the next time my editor is able to guess exactly what my article topic is it will be because the government did something good rather than because it stopped working altogether. Max Schechter is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences and the president of the Cornell Democrats. He may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Dems Discuss appears alternate Thursdays this semester.
THROWDOWN THURSDAYS Julius Kairey |
Obamacare, Shutdown and the American Constitution T he constitutional structure that defines the American evil whose power must be strictly limited, see the constitutiongovernment is a benefit and a burden. By allowing al structure primarily as a means of preventing government numerous branches of government, each representing a from doing too much by making it very difficult to get the consomewhat different constituency, to play a role in crafting pub- sensus necessary to enact new laws. lic policy, our founders hoped to bring together diverse people What we are witnessing today is what would be expected and ideas to create the type of inclusive political arrangement under our system of government when a party shoves through that leads to good laws. Under our system, lawmakers typical- an unpopular piece of legislation along party lines. Obamacare, ly must be willing to consider the ideas of others, rather than passed while Democrats had a temporary monopoly on power, dismissing them out of hand as unwise, if they wish to form the created a backlash that has poisoned the political culture in broad coalition necessary to enact a desired legal change. The Washington to such an extent that many on both sides have onerous process of passing the exact same bill through two dif- taken a no-compromise approach to the budget. Yes, ferent houses of the legislature, then getting that legislation signed by the President or enacted by a twothirds vote over his veto, typically necessitates comWhat we are witnessing today is promise. But the system that they set up serves another what would be expected under our important purpose — to keep a narrow and fleeting system of government when a party legislative majority from passing its entire agenda without having to worry about the opposition. It does shoves an unpopular piece of this by dividing power within the legislative branch legislation along party lines. itself and between the three branches of the federal government. This makes it easier for a group of people, even if in control of only a small part of the government, to undermine a piece of legislation it adamantly the American people returned Barack Obama to office in opposes because it severely threatens its interests or the interests 2012. But the Republican Party won a majority of elections to of the nation as a whole. In other words, our system produces the House of Representatives that very same year while vowing gridlock almost by design. to repeal Obamacare. The President has no right to demand, Thus, our Constitution serves two ends that are in tension without negotiation, that part of a co-equal branch of governwith one another. The former end seeks to bring people togeth- ment submit to his budgetary priorities. er around sound policy, while the latter end seeks to divide Democrats have insisted on giving Republicans a civics lespower and make change difficult. In American politics, liberals son about how laws are passed and repealed. Yet, we are told argue that the constitutional structure is primarily designed to that Obamacare is the untouchable “law of the land” only facilitate compromise on new legislation aimed at expanding when Republicans in Congress seek to alter it, not when the the role of government to improve the lives of ordinary President does so unilaterally, as he did with the employer Americans. Conservatives, who see government as a necessary mandate. There is nothing “extra-constitutional” about
Congress deciding what it wants to fund and what it does not. Would it be similarly illegitimate for Congress to propose cutting off funding for a war that it had previously authorized? Of course not. The President, though, has no constitutional authority to ignore those parts of the law he dislikes. Meanwhile, the House of Representatives has passed numerous bills that would reopen portions of the federal government. Why does the Senate refuse to take most of them up? If the shutdown is as harmful to the country as Democrats insist it is, why not pass legislation that would mitigate that harm? The answer is, of course, utterly political. Democrats do not want to ease the pain of a shutdown because it gives them less to blame the Republicans for. It would seem that House Democrats are playing the same political game they accuse Republicans of. To be clear, I am not a fan of this shutdown. If allowed to persist, Democrats will continue to blame Republicans for creating unnecessary harm in furtherance of a radical, ideological agenda, while Republicans will continue to blame the President for failing to be reasonable and come to the negotiating table. Ultimately, the biggest loser in that fight will not be the Republicans or the Democrats, but rather, the People’s faith in their elected representatives. But in this shutdown debate, it is important to remember that our founders gave us the possibility of divided government precisely so that large, contentious pieces of legislation like Obamacare could not be easily passed with the support of one party alone. It was the Democrats’ decision to eschew the bipartisanship that our system typically requires in passing Obamacare. Now, we must all deal with the consequences. Julius Kairey is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He may be reached at email@example.com. Always Right appears alternate Thursdays this semester.
8 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
Your source for good food
CORNELL’S VERY OWN ‘TOP CHEF:’ A Chat With Chef Douglas Keane’93 By SYDNEY RAMSDEN Dining Editor
On the season five finale of Bravo’s Top Chef Masters, the finalists were tasked with preparing a four-course spread inspired by milestones in each chef’s personal and professional life. So it’s no wonder that winner Chef Douglas Keane ’93 based one of his dishes on his fond memories of Johnny’s Big Red Grill, one of his favorite restaurants during his time as a Hotelie. After graduating from Cornell, Keane made a name for himself in the New York hotel food world at The Four Seasons and Lespinasse. He eventually moved West and worked his way up to Chef de Cuisine at Jardiniere in San Francisco. After leaving Jardiniere in 2003, Keane soon opened his flagship restaurant in Sonoma County, Cyrus, with partner Nick Peyton. Cyrus won Keane several prestigious accolades, including Best New Chefs from Food and Wine Magazine in 2006, Chef of the Year 2006 from San Francisco Magazine and the James Beard Award for Best Chef Pacific in 2010. All world-renowned chefs get their starts somewhere, and Chef Keane gets to call Cornell his starting point for success. The Sun recently talked to Keane about his
favorite memories of Cornell, what challenge the contestants on Top Chef: Cornell would endure and, of course, his favorite thing to eat at CTB. THE SUN: What is the most important lesson you learned at Cornell and how did you apply it to your cooking philosophy today? DOUGLAS KEANE: 51 percent of everything is your responsibility. And go back and check [your work]. SUN: Having been one of the few chefs selected for a prestigious fellowship with the Japanese Culinary Academy in 2010, you draw clear inspiration from Japanese cuisine in your cooking. Have you drawn any inspiration from any of the food culture of Ithaca in your cooking today? D.K.: Not really from Cornell, but Japan is really the philosophy that I follow along. It’s about perfecting things, respecting them. You go into a sushi restaurant in Japan, and it’s just sushi. It’s not tempura, it’s not all these other things. It’s just sushi. [Japanese chefs] perfect one or two things in each restaurant and get so good at it. I think that’s the thing to kind of take back from Japan — keep it simple, keep it perfect and focus on it and don’t try to give everything to everybody. SUN: You based one of your dishes on the Top Chef Masters
finale on your time at Johnny’s Big Red Grill. If you could recommend one Ithaca restaurant, what would it be? D.K.: Collegetown Bagels! Number one, there aren’t great bagels out in California, so I miss the East Coast bagels. There’s just something so satisfying about walking in and having a perfect product. Back then we had bagels and bagel sandwiches, that was it. They’re always fresh, they’re always warm — you barely had to get them toasted. The everything bagel with just muenster reminded me of French onion soup. SUN: What is your fondest food-related memory from your time at Cornell? D.K.: I did an independent study with Chef [Robert] White, [Professor] Rupert Spies and Chef [Brian] Halloran and Professor Mueller. It was a lot of fun because I had one-on-one work with the pastry chef at the time, who was the pastry chef of the hotel, and it was great. I actually learned so much about baking and it actually started my love of baking. My time in the kitchen, though, I was always with the Statler kitchen crew. It’s funny, my graduation night — [laughs] — there used to be a time to drink with the staff, but our party got so out of control that they banned all the hotel employees from drinking with students at graduation weekend. We bought like six cases of beer, me and a buddy of mine. We did a joint dinner with our families, there was like 20 of us or 15 of us, and we brought in a bunch of
COURTESY OF DOUGLAS KEANE
beers. Afterwards we sat out after all the folks had left the Statler — some of them were probably still there — and we just partied until it got a little bit crazy. That’s my legacy! [Laughs] SUN: If you were a judge on Top Chef: Cornell Edition and had to come up with a Cornell-themed challenge, what would it be? D.K.: I’d pick a fraternity or sorority and I’d make you run in and make a three-course menu out of what’s in the refrigerator. [Laughs.] SUN: Do you have any advice you’d like to share with your fellow Cornellians who are interested in becoming a part of the food world post-graduation? D.K.: Yeah, absolutely. Cook-
ing is a skilled labor. There’s an artistic side to it, there’s a philosophic side to it, but in reality, it’s basically skilled labor. It’s not pretentious, it’s not something that’s unattainable, it’s not something that should be talked about in esoteric terms all the time. It should be transforming sometimes, when it’s a great meal. It shouldn’t be so unapproachable — people get afraid of it. It should be approachable. Cooking is still just doing something, like a skill, like making a piece of wood into a table. People are going to paint, no matter what. But people don’t go to a restaurant unless it’s good. Sydney Ramsden can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT O TE S T S P I N S
Danny Brown Old Fool’s Gold
James Rainis Danny Brown may have just slipped into the public consciousness following the release of 2011’s XXX, a madcap journey through Brown’s debaucherous and distorted psyche, but he’s no spring chicken. On Old, Brown fixates on his storied past, at once distancing himself from his previous rap incarnations (the heavy J Dilla influence is diminished somewhat) and recounting his troubled childhood in Detroit. If it sounds like a stereotypical rapper story arc, it isn’t: Danny Brown is far from overcoming his drugdealing past. In interviews leading up to Old’s release, Brown spoke freely of his own haunting past, of his insomnia and of the drugs he consumes to battle it. That openness carries over to the record. It’s harrowing stuff from a guy everyone initially pinned as a goofball, but his own inventive subversion of the “rapper with a conscience” archetype is the logical realization of Brown’s outsized personality. For the uninitiated, Danny Brown’s delivery is somewhat schizophrenic. There’s his famous unhinged maniac delivery, ideal for his 2 Chainz-oncodeine (okay, more codeine) bangers (“Dip”); there’s his gruffer, streetwise tell-it-like-it-is delivery (“Lonely”); and then there’s a middle ground that allows Brown to retain his idiosyncratic caterwauling in a less alienating context. This makes sense of the album’s conceptual organization: Side A is more
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introspective and past-oriented, while Side B sees Brown pumping out the sort of speaker-blowing jams he made his name on. This lends a truckload of personality to a debut LP that’s relatively light on features. Whether laying out his street rap bona fides on “The Return,” discussing nights spent ignoring his daughter’s texts while downing Xanax bars on “Clean Up” or simply talking about his weed-inspired artistic ambitions (Old is him on his “Radiohead shit”) on “Lonely,” Brown exhibits a unique eye for detail that makes each of his guises convincing. His insecurities aren’t affected like Drake’s are, and his drug dealing credentials feel a lot more realistic (and a hell of a lot less sensationalized) than Jay-Z’s. When he talks about getting jumped while buying Wonder Bread with food stamps or his mom braiding hair to help feed his family, nothing feels glorified or exaggerated. The dreams keeping him awake at night come to life on Old, no matter how unsavory. Brown’s meticulousness extends to his beat selection. Although the trap and Dilla influences from past releases are still present, there’s a distinctiveness to the production throughout that remains uniquely weird. There’s the ticking IDM beat of the Purity Ring-featuring “25 Bucks” that lends credence to Brown’s hipster-rap label; the stumbling whistle-beat that runs
through “Wonderbread” lends a sense of disjointed memory to its bleak sidewalk portraits; and, on “Lonely,” producer Paul White goes low-key and melodic, perfectly accompanying his more placid selfobservations. Even the tracks from the banging second half delve into some weird sonic realms, with pitch-shifted zipper sounds (“Handstand”) and a bizarre pitch-shifted choir (“Kush Coma”) finding their way onto the more party-ready joints. Old is a beast of a record, rife with startling selfreflection and revealing contradictions (the best: on “Side B [Dope Song]” Brown states that “This is my last dope song, not my last dope song,” and then follows it up with a song called “Kush Coma” just seven tracks later). Brown’s tales of distress, past and present, may seem a little water-downed by the album’s bisecting organization, but this just makes his personal conflicts more evident. Danny Brown may be a degenerate, but he’s a self-aware degenerate. Old is not a triumph of hustle over hindrance, but a tale of evil’s perseverance. Though we hope that Brown may one day prevail over his past, we can only hope that it results in an album as troubled and beautiful as this one. James Rainis is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Sleigh Bells Bitter Rivals Mom + Pop
What made Sleigh Bells’ debut Treats unique was that it was very, very loud; its confluence of metal and teen pop was so distorted that it sounded like it had already been through several thousand defunct CD rips by the time it hit your speakers. What made Treats a great album, though, was that the duo, singer Alexis Krauss and guitarist Derek Miller, knew when to vary that loudness with (relatively) subdued tracks and grooves that made those brash moments stick out. Let’s not forget that the song for which the band is most well known is not an all-out banger, but simply Krauss singing sweetly over a Funkadelic sample on the plaintive “Rill Rill.” That dynamism waned on Sleigh Bells’ 2012 follow-up, Reign of Terror, the group instead opting for the reasonable strategy of making a collection of pop songs with loud guitars over them. The album succeeded by virtue of its immediacy, but with the exception of the single “Comeback Kid,” its songs failed to stick after multiple listens. Bitter Rivals, Sleigh Bells’
third album, also has its tuneful moments, just less of them. Its songs are catchy, but, without any songwriting heft, they come and go without leaving an impression. And, at less than a half hour long, the album feels more like a stopgap release than a new, definitive statement. Sadly, there isn’t much more to Bitter Rivals that that; if you’re just looking for deranged pop songs, you’ll question why you wouldn’t just listen to Reign of Terror instead. Alternatively, if you’re like me and Reign of Terror left you cold, you’ll question why you wouldn’t opt for Treats over either. Krauss consistently lends appealing melodies to songs like “Sugar Cane” and “Love Sick,” but without any sonic counterweights to balance out their richness, they largely get lost in the din. “Sing Like a Wire,” for example, seems to only hinge on the fact that it has a deliriously loud chorus.
unceremoniously exploding in a way that would sound downright tacky on Treats. Despite never really offending, Bitter Rivals shows Sleigh Bells in some clear creative stagnation. Except for some cosmetic musical changes, rarely does it feel like the album is a progression from what came before it. There is something to be said for staying dedicated to the sound that put you on the map, and, to this day, nobody is making music that sounds quite like Sleigh Bells. But when the only thing people are saying about your third album is that it’s LOUD, you have to wonder where the distinction ends and the gimmick begins. Paul Blank is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
10 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Thursday, October 10, 2013
Diplo Revolution Mad Decent
Zach Reisler Diplo is a personal hero and music inspiration to me. If you don’t know the story behind this paradigmatic figure in the Electronic Dance Music scene, let me review it for you briefly. Diplo was born in Mississippi but grew up in south Florida in a middle class family where his father owned a bait shop. He bounced around a few colleges in Florida before getting his degree from Temple University in Philadelphia. He had a few blue-collar jobs but nothing extraordinary, and eventually turned to doing D.J. gigs. From there his career took a decisive turn to producing music. This man has accomplished a lot since the start of his music career, which truly took off after the creation of Major Lazer, a fictional Jamaican bounty hunter invented by Diplo and Switch. Diplo used Major Lazer to springboard his entire career. Heavily influenced by a Caribbean genre of music called Dancehall, he brought a lot of Caribbean influences to the burgeoning EDM movement and struck gold with single “Pon de Flor.” With new fame came connections to larger record labels and what seemed to be a never-ending tour of the festival circuit. Diplo wrote an autobiography about his rise to fame called 128 Beats per Minute, and proceeded to start his own record label — the ever-popular Mad Decent. Diplo was disillusioned by the business model of other record labels and foresaw the death of the music distribution industry after the birth of file-sharing and torrenting websites. With music becoming almost exclusively digital, Diplo created a business model to match the new distributio trend. He started giving away music for free, knowing that building a fan base by giving them access to your
music could create a large following that would come out to shows and “spread the gospel” of his music across the world. His plan worked. Diplo now has a wealth of cutting-edge artists signed to his label, including the sensational Dillon Francis. He also has the freedom to create music in any style he wishes without worrying about having to please a corporation. Although his newest E.P., Revolution, is for sale, Diplo frequently gives away freebies via social media and Mad Decent, and it is likely some of these tracks could be among them in the future. What makes Diplo such an important figure in the EDM movement is his freedom of style. To coin a phrase that GTA, a duo that has collaborated with Mad Decent artists, uses, Diplo has ushered in “Death to Genres” by being so musically eclectic as to dabble in moombahton, trap, dancehall, reggae and even pop. He has produced for the likes of Bruno Mars, Snoop Lion, MIA, 2 Chainz and Usher, and he brings influences from all of these styles to the music he produces, making his tracks fun, creative and refreshing. The man currently tours non-stop, sometimes playing solo as Diplo, and other times with his Major Lazer crew, which includes Jillionaire and Walshy Fire. Now, back to present day, where Diplo has just released his Revolution E.P. Revolution is replete with 808s, trap rhythms and includes some sweet collaborations with underrated artists. The E.P. has four original tracks: The first, “Biggie Bounce” starts off with some horn synths that build to a fast paced hip-hip drop with a plethora of bells and claps, to back up vocals from the Georgia-based group Travis Porter. Next, Diplo slows it down on the title track of the E.P., which is a bit of a let down. Kai provides beautiful vocals,
but they lead up to a pretty repetitive drop and a monotone synth repeated at the typical trap tempo. It would have been better if Diplo had paired these moving, catchy vocals with a better drop, one that isn’t so repetitive and boring, but alas. He makes up for some of the mediocrity of “Revolution” with the third track, “Crown,” featuring Boaz van de Beatz, Mike Posner and RiFF RAFF. This track does everything right with soft Mike Posner vocals bathed in reverb accompanied by some lead synths reminiscent of hard-style that leads to a short build up which drops into a filthy bass-assault. This is truly the twerking anthem of the EP from the so-called king of twerk (he frequently posts photos of girls in their “express yourself” position up against his D.J. booth with their ass in the air at his eye level). The edgy bass with just a twinkle of grime and a hint of distortion on the 808s makes this trap anthem insane. The EP finishes off with two remixes which are not anything to write home about. Boaz van de Beatz and TWRK change little on the tracks they remix, and instead attempt to turn Diplo’s songs into super-danceable, trap standards, complete with booming bass and typical snares. Overall, this E.P. has some bangers that will be getting a lot of play at clubs and shows in the upcoming months. Diplo once again refuses to conform and features interesting collaborations, intriguing Jamaican influences and booty-shaking bass. Zachary Reisler is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at email@example.com.
To Adapt or Not to Adapt On Oct. 24, the much-maligned Austen Project will publish Joanna Trollope’s contemporary reimagining of Sense & Sensibility, Jane Austen’s classic novel. The Austen Project will consist of six “reimagined” novels, each a modernization of Austen's major works. The project raises the question of the validity of literary adaptations, and has been met with resistance from Austen purists and the publishing community. Opponents claim that the initiative points to the increasing Hollwoodization of literature, and that Persuasion 2.0 will be as soulless and uncreative as Christopher Nolan’s recent Superman reboot. The pushback originates in a false conviction that literature is somehow a pure, uncommercialized form and that adaptation is a new, greed-driven attempt to alter the modern bookscape. But retellings are far from a recent development. Adaptation has long been used to reimagine classic stories, providing us with a mob of Don Juan, Odysseus and Romeo descendents over the centuries. More recently, nonWestern writers have resituated classic stories in different sites and historical contexts as a form of social, often anti-colonial commentary. Nobel Prize winner Derek Walcott's Omeros told the story of an alternate Achilles living in Saint Lucia, while Minae Mizmura placed Heathcliff and Catherine in post-war Japan in A Real Novel.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
Austen fatigue is one thing. Between Bridget Jones, Pride & Prejudice & Zombies and a host of young adult adaptations, the “Austen with a twist” trope has gotten tired. But to claim that no one has the right to tell a reoriented version of a canonical story? The argument ignores a long literary history of adaptation and rejects any claim to value posited by an adapted work. Many of the folks affronted by the concept of an Austen modernization paint adaptation as a corporate corruption of literature’s imagined innocence. This idea of literary purity is absurd. Writing does not exist in a vacuum, but as part of a larger, monetized system of publishing in which quality does not equal publication and publication does not equal quality. Nor is the contractual side of publishing a
Gina Cargas Gina Tonic new phenomenon; in the 19th century, Dickens, Melville and Maupassant all wrote in commercialized serial form, often paid on a per-word basis. The image of the struggling, underpaid writer is romantic, sure, but it can’t be a rule for creating successful art. The writers selected so far also play into this corporate image of the Austen
Project. Val McDermid, Alexander McCall Smith, Curtis Sittenfield and Trollope all get lumped into one of three traditionally snubbed genres — crime, detective and chick lit. While the line between literary and commercial fiction does exist, it’s important to remember that this is a fairly new invention. At the time Austen was writing, the barrier was far fuzzier, and literary success and commercial success often went hand in hand. How can we claim that Austen’s work is somehow above the inventive character-driven world Smith paints in his detective novels? How can we claim that Austen’s satirical look at 19th century courting rituals is inherently more valuable than Sittenfield's depiction of East Coast prep school? It is undeniable that Austen modernizations are a goldmine of profit — again, see Bridget Jones’ Diary — but again, making a profit does not negate quality writing. So is the perceived corporatization what really enrages the Elinor Dashwood faithful? It is true that these adaptations are not sold as the product of artistic innovation or a creative experiment in the dissection and reassembly of an English classic. Rather, they’re marketed as filling the need to “update” Austen to render her oeuvre more relatable. To loyal Austenites, the idea that her work has somehow lost its impact appears out-
NIHAL MARIWALA / SUN STAFF ILLUSTRATOR
of-touch and offensive. But even casual Austen readers seem uninterested in the idea. Perhaps Austen’s work hasn’t yet reached the mythical proportions necessary to legitimize a retelling, or perhaps we are all collectively over Mr. Darcy. But the premise behind the Austen Project — contracting talented authors to retell Austen novels in a modern setting — is not in itself an invalid goal. Even if we’re bored to death of Pemberley, the claim that any text is untouchable denies the historical reality and artistic value of adaptation. Gina Cargas is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Gina Tonic runs alternate Thursdays this semester.
COMICS AND PUZZLES
Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 Kindle add-ons 5 Fight 10 Rainy day consequence 13 Wool source 15 Personal strength 16 George’s songwriting partner 17 *Slow-to-develop sort 19 Cover 20 Work in which Iago is a baritone 21 Spot for a Hindu’s tilak 23 *Precursor to adoption, often 25 Like an unswept fireplace 26 “Ring Cycle” goddess 27 Skip over 29 Hubbub 32 Gloss targets 35 Maui howdy 38 Amigo 39 Pound spenders 41 Postal motto word 42 Coffee shop feature 44 Half a sci-fi signoff 45 Yard parts 46 Star in Lyra 48 Sphere opening 50 Gray __ 52 *Bargain hunter’s destination 58 All one can stomach 60 Northwest college town where “Animal House” was filmed 61 Big bird 62 Salad choice, and a literal description of the starts of the answers to starred clues 64 Twitch 65 Witch 66 Where many tennis winners are hit 67 Farm structure 68 Father of Moses 69 Word after high or open
DOWN 1 “__ the Lights”: Kanye West song 2 First philosopher to mention Atlantis 3 Gourmet spreads 4 Ore refinery 5 Fiscal VIP 6 Bubble bath accessory 7 Hard wear? 8 Music provider 9 On hand 10 *21st birthday, e.g. 11 Hater of David, in Dickens 12 Pops 14 More qualified 18 Imperious 22 Flag down 24 __ terrier: Highlands hunter 28 More, in Madrid 29 Relaxing getaway 30 La Brea goo 31 *Old TV title shown in a heart 33 Newscaster Lindström 34 Capital SSW of Riyadh
36 Weeder’s tool 37 Busts, perhaps 39 Lose tensile strength 40 Pumpkin pie spice 43 __ ticket 45 Evolves beyond forgiveness 47 Maintain as true 49 Tierney of “ER” 50 Drives the getaway car for
51 Mail payment 53 Vegas hotel with a Sphinx recreation 54 Colleague of Ruth and Sonia 55 New Hampshire city 56 Nine: Pref. 57 Lab work 59 Village People classic 63 Rep.’s rival
ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE:
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12 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013
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Denver Leads League ZAKOUR
Continued from page 16
Broncos and Peyton Manning made the Dallas lead evaporate about as quick as can be and built up an 11-point lead. Undeterred, the Cowboys pulled to within a score before the fourth quarter. Manning threw his first pick of the season (to go along with 20 touchdowns), and the Cowboys eventually had a fourth quarter lead, 48-41. And in a 48-48 game, it was the defense that made the game winning play. Tony Romo threw a crucial pick with less than two minutes to go, and set the Broncos up with golden field position. The Broncos offense got a first down and never let the Cowboys touch the ball, as Prater’s winning field goal sailed through the uprights with no time remaining to ensure a 51-48 win and stay unbeaten. As good as Peyton’s Colts teams were in the prime of his career, this is the most talented team Peyton has ever quarterbacked. Considering those Colts teams won 12 games a year like clockwork, it’s not something I say lightly. But in all likelihood, it’s true. Certainly the 2006 Colts that won Super Bowl XLI were a talented group featuring five Pro-Bowlers (all on offense), but they also had the worst-run defense in the league. The 2011 Colts that could’ve been undefeated had they chosen to pursue it were probably the most complete team, with Dwight Freeney and Robert Mathis anchoring an elite pass rush to complement its always dangerous offense. But no team was ever as dangerous as this Broncos team. Peyton Manning seemingly has more weapons than ever. Wes Welker is still the same player he was in New England, Demaryius Thomas is always a deep threat, Eric Decker is having another big year and Knowshon Moreno is a dynamic back. Peyton also has the caliber of offensive line that can keep him clean the whole game and give him more time than ever to survey the field. And unlike his teams in Indianapolis, this Broncos team’s defense is a weapon. Yes, they were just torched, but are capable of much better play. When Von Miller gets back, the Broncos will feature an elite defensive line. An improved defensive line will help their secondary, which might not be ball-hawking but is still one of the better collections of defensive backs in the AFC and sure tackling. Lately, the Broncos special teams play has been stellar. Kicker Matt Prater has unmatched range and in Denver has the capability to make 60 yard field goals. The Broncos return man, Trindon Holliday, has two touchdowns and teams are already avoiding giving him the ball. It’s easy to forget that this was the same team that took Tebow to the playoffs on the strength of their defense and special teams. Swap out Tebow for Peyton Manning and slot in Wes Welker, and you have the best team in the NFL.
Possibly a special team. Who can beat these Denver Broncos? Someone hung 48 on their vaunted defense, and it still wasn’t good enough as Manning and company never punted. After hosting the awful Jaguars, the Broncos have to go into Indianapolis in a game that won’t be short on story lines. The Colts have already shown how tough they can be by stomping the Niners and toppling the undefeated Seahawks. If the Broncos can escape that with a win, their season comes down to visits to New England and Kansas City. The way the Patriots looked last week was certainly not encouraging, but given their history, it feels wrong to totally rule them out. However, the Chiefs have one of the best home field advantages in the NFL. Maybe a raucous Kansas City crowd could drown out some of Peyton’s audibles and cause confusion on offense. The Chiefs have the best secondary in the AFC to go along with a group of monsters on their defensive line, which will make for tough sledding for the Broncos offense. While the Chiefs offense doesn’t strike fear into hearts of defenders, they can control the clock and keep the Broncos offense on the sideline. Will the Broncos be able to go undefeated? Probably not, but only time will tell. It’s easy to fall in the trap of saying Super Bowl or bust in Denver, but going 16-0 would be a different kind of special. It would be history. Some one has to win it all, but only two teams in history have ever ran the table — and only the 1972 Dolphins finished the job. The mere fact we’re even having this discussion says a lot about what the Broncos have built. John Zakour can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013 13
Red Set to Take On Harvard, Dartmouth VOLLEYBALL
Continued from page 16
ty good competition for each other, and we’re all on a similar level,” she said. Additionally, Marble said focusing on preparation without regard for the
particular opponent is a good way to immediately, regardless of any oppoprevent overconfidence. nent we face,” she said. “Coming “We haven’t gone through film on ready to play with lots of energy as a either of these teams yet, but I think team is really important for us.” one sure way to not overlook an opponent is to just focus on preparing your- Ben Horowitz can be reached at self and the things we can control email@example.com.
14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013
ESTHER HOFFMAN / SUN FILE PHOTO
New look | Only one third of this year’s equestrian team is made up of veteran members from last season.
Red Hosts First Open Tryouts for Team By ARIEL COOPER Sun Assistant Sports Editor
The Cornell equestrian team is going to look a little bit different this season. For the first time, the team held open tryouts. Although the squad now features many new faces, the Red hopes that this new team will be the one to make it all the way to Nationals. Head coach Todd Karn, who chose to institute this new tryout policy, began his career with the Red last season after the departure of Chris Mitchell, who had coached the equestrian team for over 10 years. By opening tryouts this season, Karn now has a team that was chosen by him alone. Karn said that he plans to continue holding open tryouts at the start of every season. “I’m really hoping that the team that I have handpicked can end up being strong enough to make it to Nationals as a team,” he said. About 65 girls tried out for 30 spots, according to Karn. Of the riders who were previously on the team, roughly one third of them earned back their places, he said. “There are 17 new girls, which outnumber the veterans, but we’re gonna work really hard on a lot of team bonding activities and getting close before our first show,” junior co-captain Sofia Steinberger said. “Hopefully, we’ll be able to be successful and [a] really tight knight team by October 26th.” Despite the change, the Red is confident that this season is going to be a memorable one. “It’s definitely been a change and change is always hard, but I think that [with] all the different factors together … this is going to be a big year for us,” junior co-captain Georgiana de Rham said. Outside of practice, the equestrian team is responsible for the care of approximately seven team horses. Although this increases the commitment that the riders need to make to the squad, the captains feel that the new members are ready to work
hard. “I think they’re awesome,” Steinberger said of the new additions. “Everyone seems really excited about the team and ready to work hard. Todd made it clear that this is a really big time commitment and I think people recognize that and are ready for it.” Sophomore Kaitlin Smith, one of the team’s new members, said that she is ready to take on the challenge. “The commitment is huge, but that is what I want from riding,” she said. “I want to be surrounded by people who take horseback riding as seriously as I do.” Smith, who will be competing in the intermediate division, grew up riding horses and showing on the A Circuit. As a transfer student from the University of Connecticut, she also had the opportunity to ride on another collegiate equestrian team before joining the Red. With this experience under her belt, she approached the tryouts like a seasoned competitor. “I treated the tryout like any other competition I have ever been in and I just tried to stay focused on my position and my horse,” she said. “Tryouts were serious, but not uptight, so once I got on the horse, I felt relaxed.” Both captains hope that the rookies and veterans will get the chance to bond before the season begins. “I want to see the team really come together and be eager to come to practice and be eager to help out,” Steinberger said. “I want to see people who aren’t riding that day [show up to practice].” de Rham also hopes that the new team will be strong and committed. “I want to see a team that’s cohesive and committed to learning," she said. “It’s so important to work hard and to be really committed and serious about it.” Ariel Cooper can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Thursday, October 10, 2013 15
T E N
Q U E S T I O N S
T R E ’
M I N O R FOOTBALL
PHOTOS BY CHRIS PHARE / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Slope suggestions | Senior linebacker Tre’ Minor says 50 Cent is one artist he would like to see for his final Slope Day.
Sports Editor and 10 Questions Columnist Haley Velasco sat down with senior linebacker Tre’ Minor to talk about everything from jambalaya to Ke$ha. 1. You are a senior on the football team. What has Cornell football meant to you over the last four years? Cornell football has been a great experience for me. Over the last few years, I feel like I have given so much. I have played with a lot of people and met a lot of people. I feel like Cornell football has been like a family to me. The coaches, the players and everyone that I have met is a family.
ly close, and she has been my best friend every since I was a little kid. And my little sister came in and she is the exact clone of my older sister. She is five years younger than me and seven years younger than her. I miss them all the time. But I talk to them all the time. We have an ongoing group message and we just talk. 4. Tell us about your nicknames. What do the other guys call you? Well, Brett [Buehler] actually has the weirdest nickname for me ever. Brett calls me Jermaine. And I have no idea where Jermaine comes from in my name,
2. You are from South Carolina. What’s your favorite thing from home? I just love my mom’s cooking. I can’t even pretend like that’s not the best thing. I like to cook myself and my dad used to have his own restaurant. So when I go home, there is like so much food everywhere; I just eat. It’s amazing.
“Cornell football has been a great experience for me. Over the last few years, I feel like I have given so much.”
Do you have a favorite thing that she makes? Everything. Both my parents can cook very well. When they come up here, they cook.
but you know, Brett calls me Jermaine.
What are you known for cooking? I cook jambalaya a lot. 3. You are the middle child in the family. Can you talk about your sisters and growing up? It’s actually not as crazy as you would think it is. My older sister and I are real-
5. If we were to open your beforethe-game playlist, what would we find? It’s a lot of stuff right now. I listen to “Versace” by Drake. I listen to Kid Ink. Whatever it is, it’s loud. So that’s a must? It has to be loud — and iTunes radio recently since iOS 7 just came out. It’s amazing, and I just put on the hip-hop
station and jump around. The question is, are you a Ke$ha fan? I listen to Ke$ha every once in a while. I didn’t go to the concert because we have football on Sundays. No glitter for you guys? Glitter is pretty cool every once in a while. Not on me. But on other people. 6. Where’s your favorite place to eat on campus? I love Synapsis. Synapsis is amazing. What do you get at Synapsis? I get smoothies. I get the pizza. Synapsis smoothies are delicious. 7. If you could trade places and be on any women’s athletic team at Cornell, which one would you choose? I want to say [ice] hockey, because they are sweet and they always win. They are amazing. The women’s track team is also great. Do you think that you could keep up with them? Not if I was a girl. I am kind of fast for a boy, but I am not that fast. They are really fast. Maybe some field hockey? I could see myself playing some field hockey. What about field hockey appeals to you? It’s on turf and that kind of relates to football. 8. If you could pick anyone to be
your last Slope Day act, who would it be? I feel like everyone would have an amazing time if we got 50 Cent. Everybody loves 50. 9. After this, what are your plans professionally? I am thinking of going to grad school. I want to make prosthetic limbs — like knee replacements and hip replacements and that kind of stuff. What spurred that interest? My godfather at home owns his own prosthetic company, so he knows a lot of people. I shadowed him as a youngster and I kind of feel in love with it ever since. 10. You have seven games left as a part of Cornell football, what does that feel like? Are you getting a bit sentimental? Not yet. I am trying not to think about it but it’s like an ongoing countdown. I think I have like 52 days left. It’s crazy. It means so much to me to be able to play here and everything is so special. Senior Night is going to be amazing and the last game will be more special. That countdown feels like it is going so fast and school is going so fast. I can’t even imagine that it’s going to be over.
Haley Velasco can be reached at email@example.com.
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
THURSDAY OCTOBER 10, 2013
Red Prepares for Ivy League Match Against Harvard By GINA CARGAS Sun Staff Writer
Following a disappointing loss to Penn in its first away Ivy League game last weekend, the women’s soccer team (7-3-1, 1-1) will face the Crimson at Berman Field on Saturday afternoon. The Red just barely lost to Penn, falling, 1-0, after the Quakers scored on a penalty kick. According to freshman forward Ellie Crowell, the Red believes it can recover from the loss at Penn. “Penn was not what we wanted it to be, but it was a 1-0 away loss to a team that’s in the running to win the whole thing,” Crowell said. “So that’s encouraging. It’s more disappointing than discouraging, and I think we’ll be able to bounce back.” The Crimson lead Cornell 20-3-9 in the all-time series and was the only Ivy League team that did not defeat The Red in 2012. The squads tied 1-1 last October at Berman Field. The Red is not considering last year’s result in preparing for the match, Crowell said. “This season is so much different from last season so we have a completely different outlook. We approach each game as its own entity,” she said. Overcoming the loss to Penn will be the Red’s greatest challenge, Crowell said. “That game was one of our biggest challenges yet this year,” she said. “Obviously it wasn’t a horrible loss, but it was a loss nonetheless. We’ve rebounded from those situations before.” Cornell has had its best season start since 2003, winning six of its last eight games. With 17 goals in 11
MICHELLE FELDMAN / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Head of the pack | Sophomore forward Caroline Growney leads the Red with four goals. She is currently tied for second on the team with nine points. games, the team has also already scored more goals than in the entire 2012 season. Cornell has benefitted from standout freshmen forwards, with Crowell and Dempsey Banks ’17 dominating the scoresheet for the Red. Meanwhile, Harvard is enjoying an eight-game unbeaten streak, having defeated both Penn and Yale in Ivy League play. Despite the Crimson’s superior record, Crowell says Cornell’s competitive spirit and home field advantage will be its greatest strength this weekend. “We have been working on little things like picking up our tempo and other technical things,” she said. “But when it comes down to it, we have a competitive, protect-your-turf kind of attitude. Being at home will be huge for us and will get us back on the right track.” The team will also try increasing the speed of play and minimizing the number of touches players all over
C.U.Aims to Bounce Back From Penn Loss By BEN HOROWITZ Sun Staff Writer
The Cornell women’s volleyball team has had a good start to its Ivy League schedule, with wins over Columbia and Princeton in its first two Ivy League contests. After losing a tight contest to Penn in its last matchup, the Red looks to bounce back in two road games this coming weekend against Harvard (6-6, 1-2) and Dartmouth (7-8, 0-3). Harvard has struggled in recent days, losing its past two contests against
Brown and Yale. Brown and Yale are two of the top teams in the Ivy League, however, and Harvard has had multiple out of conference wins. According to senior outside hitter Kelly Marble, playing consistently will be a critical component in securing a win. “Certainly it helps to intimidate an opponent from the beginning, but as for any match, we play it is always more about us,” she said. “We need to serve and pass well and play consistently in all aspects of the sport from set to set.” The Red held a 2-1 set lead in its last
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Net presence | Freshman middle blocker Macey Wilson led the team with 16 kills in Friday’s game against Princeton.
game against Penn, but could not close out the win. The Quakers fought back to ultimately win the match in five sets. According to Marble, Penn adjusted to the Red’s early success, and Cornell needs to improve its ability to respond to opponents’ mid-game changes. “Against Penn, we learned to expect opponents to make adjustments in a match when we are doing well and that we need to be able to adapt to their adjustments more quickly,” she said. One particular area that proved vulnerable in the loss to the Quakers was defense, which is especially important for reversing an opponent’s momentum. According to Marble, the Red has focused on defense in practice to prepare for the next two games. “We’ve worked primarily on our defense in practice,” she said. “Getting stopped in a low, loaded position and going for every ball are our main defensive focuses.” Dartmouth has had a rough season so far, suffering disappointments in non-conference and Ivy League play. Nonetheless, according to sophomore right side Breanna Wong, the Red is aware that all Ivy teams are competitive, and defeating Dartmouth on the road will not be an easy task. “Everyone in the Ivy League is pretSee VOLLEYBALL page 13
the field take, Crowell said. “We’re also trying to put in a sustained effort for the full 90 minutes,” she said. “A lot of times we come up really strong, but we putter off a little at the end of each half. Having the same amount of energy and effort for the entire game — we’re getting there, and I think that will help us a lot for the rest of the season.” The Red will play five more conference games this season, following up the Harvard game with matches against Yale, Brown, Princeton and defending champion Dartmouth. Should the Red defeat Harvard, it will break another long-term losing streak, earning two Ivy League victories in a season since 2002. Gina Cargas can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Broncos Are The Class of NFL M
aybe you’ve missed it, but the Broncos are 5-0, and an emphatic 5-0 at that. Just ask the two most recent Super Bowl champs, the Ravens and the Giants; they both had
But on Sunday, the Broncos were in a dogfight down in Dallas. Riding a brilliant Tony Romo to a 17-7 lead in the first quarter, the Cowboys had many Broncos fans thinking about their first
John Zakour Point Blank to endure the total destruction and dismantling of their defenses. The Broncos are carving up the NFL in a way not seen since the 2007 Patriots and look more like the Oregon Ducks than an NFL team.
loss. Jason Witten was gashing the Broncos secondary. CBS announcer Phil Simms could only go on about how Romo was playing as well as they’d ever seen. The See ZAKOUR page 13