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The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 130, No. 12




16 Pages – Free





Power to Women

Hacking It

A Chance to Rebound

Storm HIGH: 88 LOW: 68

Cornell alumnae spoke about their professional lives and gave tips for emerging leaders Tuesday. | Page 3

A computer science major hacks into the Indian education website and finds inconsistencies. | Page 8

Cornell field hockey will have two chances this weekend to make up for a disappointing start. | Page 16

Ithacans Criticize Medical School Receives $100M Gift Partying, Mess In Collegetown By EMMA COURT

Sun City Editor

Weill Cornell Medical College has received a $100million gift from Joan and Sanford I. Weill ’55 that will help it launch two new research centers and bolster its research in medicine, the University announced Tuesday. With the Weill family’s gift, the University is launching a $300-million fundraising campaign called Driving Discoveries, Changing Lives, according to a University press release. The campaign is aimed at helping Weill Cornell “build on its track record of unprecedented growth,” the campaign’s leaders said in a statement. “We are perfectly poised to usher in an era of personalized and 'tai-

lored' medicine. We must keep our students on the frontlines of medical discoveries and patient care, and provide our faculty with the best opportunities and resources possible,” campaign leaders Sanford Weill, WCMC Dean Laurie Glimcher, Robert Appel ’53 and Jeffrey J. Feil said in the statement. The medical school is hoping to recruit top scientists, fund medical research, establish new endowed professorships and medical student scholarships, reform the medical school’s current curriculum, expand and improve clinical and laboratory space and See WEILL page 4

Weill Cornell Medical College | The gift given by Joan and Sanford I. Weill ’55 will allow the New York City-based medical school to launch two new research centers. MICHAEL APPLETON / THE NEW YORK TIMES

AEM Prof to Appear on The Daily Show Prof. Barrett filmed segment with show’s correspondent Monday By RACHEL WEBER Sun Staff Writer

Fans of The Daily Show With Jon Stewart may notice a familiar face on an upcoming segment of the political comedian’s show — that of Prof. Christopher Barrett, applied economics and management. On Monday, The Daily Show correspondent Jessica Williams interviewed Barrett in the School of Industrial Relations’ Doherty Lounge for a segment on President Barack Obama’s proposed reforms to international food aid, according to Barrett. Obama’s proposal, an amendment within the farm bill, promotes using more locally grown food in poor countries and eliminating a requirement that food aid

must be grown in the U.S. cussed by Congress now and transported on U.S.- are based on recommendaflagged ships, according to a tions that his research has press release from the House supported. Committee on Foreign “I have done research in Affairs. this area Supporters for 20 “[Jessica Williams] of reform years, and say the I have was able to say Food Aid written a R e f o r m outrageous things with couple of Act will books, lots a straight face.” “e nab le of journal U.S. food articles and Prof. Christopher Barrett aid worldpresented wide to research reach more people, more findings on the Hill and to quickly, at less expense,” various agencies around the according to the press world on this topic,” release. Barrett said. Barrett said he thinks Barrett added that he The Daily Show selected felt his perspective was him for its segment because less politically invested he is a prominent academic than those of other people in the field of food aid. who could have been According to Barrett, some interviewed for the segof the proposals being dis- ment.

“[The Daily Show] seemed to be looking for an objective outside expert,” Barrett said. Representatives from The Daily Show contacted him about a month ago about filming this segment with Williams after the show’s three-month summer hiatus, Barrett said. Barrett said Williams was “extremely sharp,” “gracious and kind” and “extremely funny.” “She was able to say outrageous things with a straight face,” Barrett said. The taping took almost four hours to complete, Barrett said. “It takes a long time to shoot because they are so meticulous about the production details, and it’s so See DAILY SHOW page 5


With the beginning of Cornell’s fall semester, Ithaca Mayor Svante Myrick ’09 lamented the arrival of “students … in the hospital with alcohol poisoning, broken bones and all the things that come with having too much fun” at a Collegetown Neighborhood Council meeting Tuesday. Speaking to city officials, Ithaca residents and University students, Myrick said many freshmen are getting into trouble with the Ithaca Police Department because they are unaware of laws about alcohol. “We’re seeing a lot of people getting tickets for public drunkenness and having open containers. We’ve had dozens of “Fraternities are arrests so far,” Myrick said. now opening Collegetown resident Prof. Joanie Mackowski, English, said annexes because part of the problem may stem from the University’s lack of juris- parties are closed to freshmen. diction over off-campus areas where students may be partying. It’s like Vegas.” “Fraternities are now opening annexes because parties are closed Prof. Joanie to freshmen. It’s like Vegas,” Mackowski Mackowski said. Saying the University’s changes in policies regarding Greek life, although meant to improve student safety, have contributed to problems in Collegetown, Myrick said that city officials and residents alike want Cornell to “do more.” “We also recognize that the new policies towards fraternities and sororities are creating more problems than they solve,” he said. Mackowski said students should behave cautiously and follow rules that they would be expected to abide by on campus rules even though the University does not necessarily monitor happenings at Collegetown properties. “We need to encourage students to understand that there are rules to abide by,” she said. Collegetown is not completely free of University regulation, according to Cornell University Police Chief Kathy See C-TOWN page 4


Community talk | City of Ithaca Mayor Svante Myrick ’09 speaks at a meeting at St. Luke Church Tuesday.

2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013


Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Weird News

Today 2013 Bronfenbrenner Lecture: Frank Furstenberg Noon, G10 Biotechnology Building

Umpteen speedy televisions perused two sheep, then umpteen tickets towed Jupiter, and Dan untangles five progressive orifices. Umpteen quixotic aardvarks annoyingly bought two Macintoshes. Umpteen bureaux tickled two extremely putrid botulisms. Paul sacrificed one lampstand, then Jupiter marries the very quixotic pawnbroker. Five purple poisons laughed, yet umpteen chrysanthemums kisses five aardvarks. Batman noisily untangles one Jabberwocky. Two Macintoshes laughed, then one extremely schizophrenic Jabberwocky drunkenly untangles two sheep, however Quark telephoned umpteen obese Jabberwockies. Five irascible botulisms slightly lamely auctioned off the subway, and five chrysanthemums easily untangles one mostly speedy Klingon. Five dogs drunkenly perused Minnesota, however the mats ran away cleverly, although one partly progressive subway quite comfortably sacrificed


of the Week

Man in Colorado Accused Of Drunken Horseback Riding

Veterinary Senior Seminars 4:30 - 5:45 p.m., Lecture Hall 1 Veterinary College Big Red Bikes Info Session 5 - 5:30 p.m., G24 Uris Hall Becker/Rose Café Guest: Ithaca Mayor Svante Myrick 7 - 8 p.m., G50 Carl Becker House

Tomorrow Food Security in a Vulnerable World 10 a.m. - 5:30 p.m., G10 Biotechnology Building The Arab Winter: Oil, Wealth, and Declining Science 10:30 - 11:30 a.m., Boyce Thompson Institute Campus Club at Cornell Fall Coffee and Activities Registration 10:30 a.m. - 12:30 p.m., Clarion Hotel

BOULDER, Colo. (AP) — University of Colorado police have arrested a 45-year-old man suspected of going on a drunken horseback ride through the city of Boulder. Police spokesman Ryan Huff tells The Daily Camera that witnesses saw the man hit his horse and then occasionally wander into traffic near the school Monday afternoon. Patrick Neal Schumacher of Colorado Springs faces several charges, including animal cruelty and riding under the influence of alcohol. Police say he had a small pug named Bufford in his backpack, as well as beer cans and a black-powder pistol in his saddlebag. Officers say he told them he was traveling from Larkspur, Colo., to his brother’s wedding in Bryce, Utah, and that he had to make the 600mile journey by horse because he lost his driver’s license.

California Preschooler Surfer Is a Natural Ditching his Thomas the Tank Engine T-shirt for a wetsuit and life jacket, the preschooler rides the waves with the big boys on the Central California coast. Triston’s father, Todd Gailey, tells the San Luis Obispo Tribune that his son started boogie boarding with his 6-year-old sister last year. But when the

Roundtable Discussion With M.M. Lafleur 6 - 7 p.m., 134 Sage Hall

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blond-haired toddler began standing up on the short board, his dad bought him a 5-foot-8 surfboard from Costco. Right away, Triston was turning heads as he perfected his form: poised and balanced, hands out in front as he rides waves to shore in Morro Bay. Todd Gailey, a life-long surfer, calls his son a “natural,” and the most coordinated 3-year-old he’s ever seen.

1,200 California Chickens To Retire on the East Coast SACRAMENTO, Calif. (AP) — Their egg-laying days behind them, some 1,200 Northern California chickens are heading for a cozy retirement on the East Coast, where they will live outside of cages and have plenty of room to spread their wings. The Sacramento Bee reports that an anonymous $50,000 donation is funding Operation Chicken Airlift, which will send the hens on a cross-country cargo flight to upstate New York on Wednesday evening. From there the white Leghorn chickens will be ferried to different sanctuaries. Woodstock Farm Animal Sanctuary in New York, where 200 of the birds will end up, is providing perches, grass and even a wooded area where they can roam. Laying hens are generally too lean for human consumption and are usually slaughtered after they stop providing eggs.

W W W . C O R N E L L S U N . C O M

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 3


Alumnae Reflect on Women in the Workforce By TALIA JUBAS Sun Staff Writer

Three Cornell alumnae with diverse backgrounds in law, the pharmaceutical industry and entrepreneurship shared their experiences and advice with students preparing to enter the workforce at a

“Women in Leadership” Panel held Tuesday evening. Christa Downey, assistant dean and director of Career Services for the College of Arts and Sciences, said each of the women on the panel has shown remarkable “fluidity” and “creativity” in their career paths.


Keep calm and lead on | Franci Blassberg ’75 J.D. ’77, Naomi Kelman ’81 MBA ’83 and Carol Rattray ’78 speak at a “Women in Leadership” panel in Goldwin Smith Hall Tuesday.

Franci Blassbery ’75 J.D. ’77, one of the panelists, recently retired from her position as a partner with business law firm Debevoise & Plimpton LLP and is currently transitioning into teaching; Naomi Kelman ’81 MBA ’83 is an executive at pharmaceutical company Novartis; and Carol Rattray ’78 is the co-founder of Zoomdojo, an “online, open resource for college students and young professionals to facilitate their career search,” according to Zoomdojo’s website. In addition to discussing their personal experiences in the professional world, the panelists gave practical advice for navigating the job search, marketing oneself, gaining work experience and building networks of mentors and professional contacts. The opening question referenced Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg’s Lean In. “‘Women tend to avoid stretch assignments and new challenges on the job. They worry too much about whether they have the skills needed to take on a new, loftier role,’” Downey quoted from the popular book, asking the panelists to respond to Sandberg’s sentiment. Blasbury, one of the panelists, said Sandberg’s words are a generalization that, ultimately, “really hurt women.” “I think there are people who stretch, and there are people who don’t stretch; some are women, some are men. I, in my time in practicing law, have met a lot of lazy men,” Blasbury said. The conversation soon turned to the tension between family life and professional success. “Balance is a personal choice,” Rattray said. “You have to make some deliberate choices.” Kelman said she made the decision to set clear distinctions between home life and work life. “When I’m home, I’m really home,” Kelman said. The panelists were also asked to discuss how they came to their respective career path. All three noted aspects of serendipity in their story while emphasizing that they remained open to prospects even as they were in between jobs or unsure about what

they wanted to do. “At least while I was figuring it out, and really confused inside, I had a great resume,” Kelman said. When one audience member asked about challenges they had each overcome, Blassbery said that she is a cancer survivor. While battling the disease, she had to take a leave of absence from her demanding career. “I think it slowed me down a little bit, which is probably a very good thing,” she said. Kelman said challenges and crises could also be reframed as motivating factors. “Do we look at life as difficulties or challenges, or do we go after it with gusto to be successful?” Kelman said. Rattray echoed Kelman’s sentiment, saying adversity should not stop someone from pursuing their goals. “Things that feel really, really bad now — actually in a day, two days or 10 years, just [aren’t] that important. Or you went through it, and now you’re going to the next thing,” she said. Although the panelists all said there is a lot of uncertainty and unfairness in professional world, they all agreed that when equipped with the right attitude, skills and openness to new environments, success is attainable. “It’s not ‘one size fits all,’” Rattray said. “I think it is a matter of everybody need[ing] to find their point of balance.” Laura Cassidy ’15, who attended the event, said she enjoyed listening to the panelists’ stories. “I think it was refreshing to see people switch careers so much yet find their niche in each place,” she said. Another attendee, Jessica Sarkodie ’15, said she learned a lot from the panelists’ stories. “It’s become even more clear to me that you don’t need to have a linear plan in life. It’s all about taking the opportunities as they come by and doing what you love,” Sarkodie said. Talia Jubas can be reached at

Cohen’41 Remembered as‘Dean of Consumer Journalism’ Stanley Cohen worked as a middleman between the government and the advertising world, writDescribed by some as “the ing stories about the influence of dean of consumer journalism,” advertisers and the debate on regStanley E. Cohen ’41 — the ulating advertisers during the long-time Washington editor of 50's and 60’s. “He was basically telling Advertising Age — was remembered by his family as a brilliant advertisers what they didn’t want to hear,” Daniel Cohen reporter. said. Cohen, who was Stanley Cohen con93 years old, died tinued to work for AdMay 6 of renal failvertising Age until close ure. He served as to retirement, when he editorial director of was sent by the parent The Sun and, after company to lead a pubgraduating from lication in London. Cornell, earned a “He wanted to retire, masters degree from COHEN ’41 and Rance Crain, the Columbia University’s Graduate School of head of Advertisement Age, wouldn’t let him,” Daniel Cohen Journalism. “Throughout my journalism said. Stanley Cohen and Crain career, I always heard from him that it started with The Cornell were very close during his time at Daily Sun,” Daniel Cohen, Advertising Age. Crain himself Stanley Cohen’s son and an wrote an obituary for Cohen, Ithaca College graduate, said to writing that he was a pivotal The Sun. Daniel Cohen added character when Crain took over that his father’s career as a jour- his family’s company. “[Stanley Cohen] was very nalist inspired him to follow suit in the field of broadcast journal- important to Crain. He taught him how to write for the compaism. After World War II, Stanley ny when Crain came in from Cohen led the way in business Chicago,” Daniel Cohen said. According to Daniel Cohen reporting, Daniel Cohen said. As a reporter for Advertising Age, and Crain, one of Stanley By KEVIN MILIAN

Sun Staff Writer

Cohen’s columns caused an advertiser of Advertisement Age to go out of business. “One of the biggest clients cancelled their multimillion-dollar contract with the publication, which he didn’t hear about until later,” he said. Throughout his career in journalism, Stanley Cohen always related his success back to The Sun, according to Daniel Cohen. “He would always say, ‘Never give up your integrity. That’s all you have,” Daniel Cohen said. “He lived like that in every part of his life. He had the children, and in all three of us that was our core, integrity was our touchstone. All of that is rooted in his days at the [Cornell] Daily Sun." In January 2013, Stan and Daniel Cohen visited the Sun Building to dedicate the Stanley E. Cohen ’41 Journalism Library. He also funded the Sarah Betsy Fuller Social Justice Fund at Cornell’s Law School, in honor of his late daughter, who taught classes in the field of special justice. “Dad established a legacy for my sister to donate and establish something at his beloved Cornell University,” Daniel Cohen said. According to Daniel Cohen, Stanley Cohen struggled with the changing scene of journalism in

the modern age. “He was well into his retirement years when the journalism practice changed. We would constantly get into lively discussion about journalism,” Daniel Cohen said. “The way he measured it was integrity. He didn’t want to start a blog in his retirement years.” Daniel Cohen said Stanley Cohen held his alma mater’s newspaper in high regard. “I don’t think he was a constant reader, but every time the words came out of his mouth, he had a smile. Those are the things that never leave you,” Daniel

Cohen said. Stanley Cohen was a role model to both his family and the journalism world, Daniel Cohen added. “He set a high bar for journalism, for the people he covered, for the readers, and for himself and all of us. Because of that, he led a lasting legacy,” he said. Cohen is survived by his wife Esther Delaplaine, his two sons, Edward and Daniel Cohen, 13 grandchildren and two great grandchildren. Kevin Milian can be reached at

Police Report Theft in the Dairy Bar

An officer was dispatched to take a report from a student regarding the theft of an AppleMacbook Air laptop computer, computer charger, Apple Iphone, leather wallet, bankcards, a personal check, Calvin Klein glasses Monday. The stolen goods had an assessed value of around $5563.00. Intelligent Crimes

An officer was dispatched to take a report from a student regarding an unknown individual(s) accessing their email account and leaving harassing messages Saturday. — Compiled by Alexa Davis

4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013


Weill ’55: Gift Will ‘Help Sustain’ WCMC City Officials Hope to Ease WEILL

Continued from page 1

invest in new medical technologies, according to the fundraising campaign’s website. Donations will help the medical school target areas of research including cancer, cardiovascular disease, children’s health and metabolic syndrome. In a press release, the University described the health conditions as “the most pressing public health scourges of the 21st century — chronic diseases that have eclipsed infections as the leading causes of illness and death.” The Weills’ donation will support the medical school’s research on cancer, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders through the creation of the Joan and Sanford I. Weill Cancer Research Center and the Joan and Sanford I. Weill Metabolic Syndrome Center, according to the press release. “Joan and I have had the honor and privilege to contribute to Weill Cornell Medical College, helping to sustain this extraordinary institution as one of

the world’s leaders in biomedical research,” Weill said. “We are immensely proud of what Weill Cornell has achieved — and what more we can accomplish in the years to come.” The Joan and Sanford I. Weill Cancer Research Center will focus on cancer research, particularly in the area of precision medicine, which examines patients’ genetic profiles and customizes their treatment accordingly. The Joan and Sanford I. Weill Metabolic Syndrome Center will direct its efforts on diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome “to understand the molecular underpinnings of these diseases and then translate these discoveries into new therapeutic approaches … [as well as] encouraging behavioral changes to enhance health,” according to the press release. The Weills’ gift brings the family’s total contributions to the University to more than $600 million, according to the press release. Emma Court can be reached at Follow her on Twitter @dilemmaincourt.

C-Town Housing Rush C-TOWN

Continued from page 1

Zoner. The Judicial Administrator’s office investigates serious off-campus offenses, Zoner added. “If a student participates in a behavior off-campus that compromises the health and safety of another student, we would see to that,” Jody Kunk-Czaplicki, Associate Judicial Administrator, said. City residents also expressed concerns about the lack of cleanliness in Collegetown. Recalling his recent experience picking up trash in the neighborhood with local residents, Myrick said that, in addition to promoting responsible behaviors off-campus, keeping Collegetown clean would be another way to maintain a healthy space for students. “We collected more than 30 bags of trash,” he said. “If Collegetown is going to be a healthy place for the students, it’s going to take a more proactive, organized neighborhood.” The meeting concluded with a discussion of the city’s new leasing ordinances. Assistant City Attorney Aaron Lavine ’01 J.D. ’04 said the new 60-day waiting period — which requires landlords to give advance notice to tenants before showing off houses for the next rental period — gives renters time to think about whether or not they want to renew their leases. “The idea is to get rid of the mad rush that some landlords and

tenants experience in Collegetown,” Lavine said. Collegetown landlord Jesse Hill said he has witnessed the rush among students to sign leases with every fall. “People are calling us every day even though we’re not advertising to rent right now. It’s a cultural force, and you can’t slow it down,” he said. Julie Paige, assistant dean of students in the Office of Fraternities, Sororities and Independent Living, said many freshmen are already signing leases for the upcoming year, even though on-campus housing is guaranteed for all sophomores. “We’re trying to get the word out that all sophomores are guaranteed housing. Students think that that they won’t get a lease in the central part of Collegetown if they don’t sign it now,” she said. Paige said students who sign leases early preemptively limit their options for the upcoming school year and are often unable to live in Greek housing or become Residential Advisors. Zoner offered some parting words for creating a safe Collegetown environment for both student and local residents. “Get to know your neighbors. A safe neighborhood starts with respecting the rights of both yourself and others and knowing what the consequences are for violating laws,” she said. Anushka Mehrotra can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 5


Prof Discusses Food Aid You can always find With The Daily Show The Sun on campus! BUT DAILY SHOW

Continued from page 1

hard to keep a straight face during the interview,” he said. Though Barrett says he and Williams had “lots of laughs” while taping the segment, he added that he also got to speak “quite seriously on some important issues.” “[Food Aid] is a serious topic obviously, but [the correspondents] are very talented and very funny,” Barrett said. Barrett said he hopes that the clip, though shown in a comical light, will encourage Congress to reform food aid. “Jon Stewart’s demographic is on the more democratic end. This segment could energize viewers to get in Democrats that might be in support of the President’s proposals to contact their elected representatives and swing their votes,” Barrett said. “We are pretty close to seeing these changes enacted — the balance could be tipped by a cultural icon like Jon Stewart.” According to studies co-authored by Barrett and other Cornell faculty, students and staff, proposed changes to the country’s food aid program could reduce the time and expense of aiding other countries. The issue, while relatively non-partisan, faces an “unusual coalition of opponents,” Barrett said. The initial legislation was narrowly defeated with 203 votes for the amendment and 220 against, although Barrett said that future proposals and amendments could meet more success. “It’s reasonably encouraging, but we’re not there yet,” Barrett said. Students expressed excitement about The Daily Show’s decision to tape at Cornell. “I’ll definitely watch the episode when it airs. I think The Daily Show is hilarious, and it’s always great to see Cornell get media coverage,” Hope Walker ’15 said. Students also shared Barrett’s hope that The Daily Show’s coverage of the proposed food aid policy will give the issue more attention. “I hope that Jon Stewart featuring this issue will bring it to the public’s attention. Food Aid isn’t something that gets a lot of attention from people, but it would be great if this segment galvanized people’s energy towards contacting their leaders in Congress,” Nick Rawlinson ’16 said. Barrett’s interview was not the first time The Daily Show has interacted with Cornell. Jon Stewart appeared in front of sold-out audiences in Bailey Hall in 2001 and Barton Hall in 2005 and 2011. John Oliver, another correspondent for The Daily Show, performed in Bailey Hall in 2012, The Sun previously reported. USAID Administrator Raj Shah, the administration’s chief spokesperson for the proposed reforms, will be interviewed Wednesday for the segment, according to Barrett. He added that Tony Munoz, Editor-in-Chief of The Maritime Executive, may also be featured as an opposing viewpoint in the segment, which should air in an episode within the next few weeks. Rachel Weber can be reached at

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Remembering Lost Cornellians

TWELVE YEARS AGO TODAY, the 9/11 terrorist attacks devastated not only New York City, but the entire nation and the world. As we remember that fateful day, its direct impact on our smaller community at Cornell should not be overlooked. While others have successfully memorialized the victims of the 9/11 attacks, it is notable that no permanent memorial exists to honor the 20 alumni Cornell lost on that terrible Tuesday. We lost alumni who, during their at Cornell, served as a captain of the football team, an All-American lacrosse player, a fraternity president, a member of the equestrian team and more. All walked along the same paths we do, all dealt with the same winters and all were beloved Cornellians. Cornell alumni also gave their lives in the U.S. military action that followed the 9/11 attacks. We lost Captain Richard Gannon ’95 and Captain George Wood ’93 in Iraq. But the names of these fallen service members do not appear on any war memorial on campus. Today, no rock, bench or garden exists to remind the current student body of the lost Cornellians who came before them. Other universities across the country, many with fewer ties to New York City — from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill to Boston College to several SUNY schools — have erected memorial structures honoring those they lost in the 9/11 attacks. A large-scale tragedy like 9/11 can be difficult to fathom due to the sheer breadth of its impact and its incomprehensibly high death toll. Nevertheless, physical tributes can serve as visible reminders to students that beyond the sensationalism, the attacks took a toll directly on their respective campuses. The University awards some scholarships in honor of 9/11 victims, but those hidden memorials are surely less effective at commemorating the victims’ place in the larger Cornell community. While a memorial may not prevent some natural erosion of the connection between future Cornellians and their fallen fellow alumni, it would create a central location for both annual remembrance ceremonies and daily personal reflection. Putting names to the 20 Cornell victims would be one way to ensure that they do not go unrecognized. With the passage of time, a memorial could lessen the risk of losing these individuals from our collective memory. In honor of those who lost their lives on Sept. 11, 2001, we remember our fellow Cornellians: Christopher Ciafardini, MBA ’99, Janice Ashley ’98, Swede Chevalier ’98, Jennifer Tzemis ’96, Balewa Blackman ’96, Kaleen Pezzuti ’95, Joshua Aron ’94, Stuart Lee ’93, Frederic Gabler ’93, M. Blake Wallens ’92, Elvin Romero ’88, Sean Lynch ’87, Joni Cesta ’85 Edward Felt, MS ’83, Virginia Ormiston-Kenworthy, MEE ’82, Michael Tanner ’79, Eamon McEneaney ’77, Arlene Joseph Fried ’74, Donald Havlish, Jr. ’70, Kristin Osterholm White Gould ’57. Geoffrey Block ’14, a midshipman in Cornell’s Navy ROTC program, contributed to this editorial. If you are interested in helping to shape The Sun’s editorial perspective, please contact

The Angry Spirit Bear


boy growing up in this age of immediate media and propaganda pro bono will find an abundance of manly role models from which he may draw inspiration. With Hollywood happily relinquishing the artistic story-telling business and investing in the shitty-blockbuster business, a young man in need of some real guidance in virility will find no film shortage of machismo champions. “However, a movie about strong dudes piloting giant robots with their fists carries the right message about strength and fists and robots to the kids, but the chances of that dream coming true are actually pretty low. I demand a more relatable fictional role model! With that, yours truly proudly presents a proper hero, starring in this humble tale of manliness, struggle and the Endless Game. Paranoid fathers with effeminate sons, thy worry is over! Lay down thy belt and thy buried sense of personal failure you fear is manifesting in your child! Enter, Fratman. Fratman and the Sorostihipster Herbert Sedgewick Jr. was born as all men are born — a god damn independent. But after a comfortable childhood of yachting, crew, The O’Reilly Factor and full priced polo shirts, Herb knew he was meant for greater things. He was a born fratstar. His first clue came during elementary school in Mrs. Poulin’s third grade class when total babes, Katharine Reardon and Margot Croswell (9.7 and 9.4, respectively), both passed him a note asking if he “like-liked” them. Herb was even more certain in his identity when high school came and passed. His record at Choate included enough empty 30-racks to build a small orphanage for Congolese refugees, a solid C- average, 24 broken hearts and even more sore vaginas. College hit him like a ton of bricks. With his rower’s legs and Dad’s legacy, he suddenly found himself pledging a top-tier frat at a prestigious Ivy League university with an open trust fund and the keys to his yellow hummer, “The Bro-Mobile.” We now join our hero at a momentous point in his life, he is officially a brother of Zeta Eta Alpha, Delta Chapter and ready to slay the beast with two backs. Sedgewick awakens, hungover. It is 3:00 PM, Friday. He had three classes today, but it’s syllabus week so who gives a fuck? His fingers still carry the fishy stench from his wild ramrodding session with Lisa the Rando last night. He groans as he makes his way to the shower, pausing briefly only to admire himself in the mirror. Tonight’s the night. Herb spends his downtime hours recovering. He rips the bong, drains some coffee, has a greasy meal and prepares for the upcoming house party. Through the swamp of his sluggish mind a single coherent thought eventually pushes through: Oh yes, there will be girls tonight. He did not consider tonight he might fall hard for a girl. At around 10:30PM he prepares. A quick spray of Axe, one light blue collared shirt, salmon colored shorts, two standard

boat shoes and a backwards Patriots cap later, he emerges from his room. Herbert Sedgewick Jr. is no more. Herbert Sedgewick Jr. is a mere academic mask. There is only Fratman. As the party picks up Fratman is already on his groove. A couple shots in, he finds himself in conversation with the most beautiful blonde he has ever laid eyes on. “I’m Martha. You a brother?” “Yeah. Call me Sedge.” “Cool, I’m in Lamda Tau. What you sippin’?” “Some Glenlivet.” “Ooooh I love that stuff!” Before Fratman’s brain can register the hard-on rising in his faded red shorts due to this girl being in Slamda and loving malt whisky, a lanky fellow with big square glasses, a vague Hawaiian, ugly spotted yellow shorts, and flip flops bursts in. Fratman can sense a cockblock from a mile away. “Marth! This scene is way too hot for me, let’s bail!” “OK, Andy! Hey, I’ll see you around Sedge. We’re having a party at 301 Grawmac tomorrow! Stop by!” “Uh, yeah, fersure,” he mutters as Martha races off. He shrugs it off and spends the night with Lisa again. Saturday rolls around. For some reason, Fratman can’t get Martha the Blonde Ten out of his head. He pushes Lisa off the bed and gets dressed. He can’t believe he is contemplating attending a GDI party. But in the end, Herb decides his desire for Martha is just too much. Steeling himself, he puts on his Fratman Suit, hops in the hummer, and makes his way over late in the evening, making sure to bring more Glenlivet. Something’s off, he thinks as he pulls up to 301 Grawmac. Something is really messed up, he thinks as he walks in the door. Instead of Drake, a ragged band of hairy hippies are playing raucously in the corner. A parade of ironic graphic tees marches before our hero. Vans cloth shoes are everywhere. Half shaved heads and dreadlocks abound. Though Fratman is 110 percent bro with a stomach of steel, he finds the sight of gauges in every other ear nauseating. People are smoking cigarettes like it’s part of an orchestrated statement. And then he sees her. Except this is no blonde sorostitute. The thing approaching him is sporting a peacock patterned maxi skirt, a vintage top, gaudy hoop earrings, a pair of yellow John Lennon glasses, and a flamboyant gay man on each arm. “Sedge!” Finally, Fratman’s inner bro kicks in. His mental boner for Martha the Blonde shrivels. He downs two massive gulps of his whisky, turns on the heels of his fine boat shoes, and drives back to the Zeta house. Because if there’s one price Fratman won’t pay, it’s enduring an entire night of deviant egoists unaware of their own pretension. David Zha is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He may be reached at The Angry Spirit Bear appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

CORRECTION A sports article that ran Sept. 10, “Red Splits Two-Game Weekend With One Tie and One Win,” incorrectly spelled junior Devin Morgan’s name.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 7


Sarah Byrne | Let It Byrne

Rachael Singer |

Animal House of Reps

Five Childhood Activities That Never Paid Off In Real Life A

s a junior, I feel like I’m getting perilously close to entering what some might call the “real world,” what others might call “adulthood,” and what I call “scary.” With this old age comes a (very) small bit of wisdom, and I feel that I can now confidently assess some of the decisions I made earlier in life. I’m not sure about everyone else, but I know that I definitely used to take everything way too seriously. Here are five things that I always thought would prepare me for my future, but turned out to be pretty much useless. 1. COLLECTING BEANIE BABIES: Remember in elementary school when everyone refused to take the tags off of his or her Beanie Babies, sure that those plush animals would someday be worth millions? Yeah, guess what, they aren’t. I think there is probably one or two Beanie Babies that are actually worth money, but mostly we just deprived ourselves of playing with these toys in the hope that they would fund our college educations. And here we are, thousands of dollars in debt, as our Beanie Babies gather dust in our parent’s attics, with their tags still in those weird plastic protectors.

I started out this list with the intention of writing something more universal ... It quickly became a list of my own idiosyncrasies. 2. WORRYING ABOUT QUICKSAND PITS: Growing up, I was pretty sure quicksand was going to be a much bigger problem than it’s actually turned out to be. Contrary to what I was taught in so many cartoons and picture books, quicksand is actually not a part of daily life in the United States. I can honestly say that I have been in a situation that made me fear I would be imminently enveloped by the ground below my feet. All that worry, all those plans to tie myself to a tree stump to avoid being sucked under, all for nothing. 3. VOWING NEVER TO DRINK ALCOHOL: In fifth grade, my whole class had to undergo this conditioning program that made us promise not to ever drink alcohol or do drugs. Honestly, I understand that doing drugs is “bad,” but drinking alcohol seems like a pretty harmless thing, in the grand scheme of all the things to tell fifth graders to avoid in life. On top of that, once you turn 21, the law allows you to drink. My guess is that there are probably plenty of actually illegal things we should be trying to warn our youth about. 4. AVOIDING MUDDY SITUATIONS: I always thought that because I didn’t like to get my clothes dirty, I was somehow more intelligent and/or advanced than other children. However, now I realize the opposite was true. I was so deathly afraid of getting muddy that I missed out on the limited-time-offers to roll around in a mud pit. My family actually has a home video of all then neighborhood kids frolicking through the mud, as I stand, wearing a pristine white dress, apart from them all. How did I think acting like an adult would make me a better kid? No idea. Now love stomping in puddles; call it regression if you will. 5. HOARDING STICKERS: A lot of people gave me stickers when I was young: teachers, piano teachers, parents, friends, bus drivers, etc. Then, instead of sticking these stickers onto things and enjoying them, I started a sticker drawer. There, I put all of my stickers. Then, every once in a while, I would leaf through the drawer and marvel at the vast quantity and quality of my stickers. Looking back, I cannot imagine anything more idiotic. Stickers are made to stick on stuff! While other children were angering their parents by papering the walls with stickers, I never removed mine from their sheets. I did not take full advantage of my sticker potential, and that is my biggest regret. I started out this list with the intention of writing something more universal, hence the Beanie Babies. It quickly became a list of my own idiosyncrasies. If no one else did this stuff, sorry not sorry. Be glad you were a normal human child. Sarah Byrne is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She may be reached at Let it Byrne appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

Christo Eliot |

The Tale of the Dingo at Midnight

Duffield Disco Inferno I

f you're like me, you may have do) and they can’t afford to spare a found yourself in the Duffield few minutes to step outside for the atrium on Monday morning first and maybe only time that day. (side note: I'm actually there all the Or maybe they think that dying in a time — not just Monday mornings. beautiful conflagration on the engiAutographs are free; pictures are $5). neering quad is a better alternative to It started off like basically every not finishing that lab report (and other morning in Club Duff: All the nobody in the group can meet at any alcoves had been occupied since the other time anyway). rooster’s first crow, the Mattin's staff Club Duff didn’t burn down on was exceptionally friendly and effi- Monday morning, which I think is a cient and the engineers were busy good thing. But it got me thinking discussing technical concepts that … about fires and stuff. This “alarm are way over most people's heads who cried fire” syndrome is putting (read: my head). Around 11a.m. the lives of students at risk. Pretend though, something slightly unusual there had been a fire in Duffield happened: The fire alarm went off. Monday morning. That would have If you’ve never been in Duffield been somewhat less than ideal. during a “fire drill,” they’re pretty Dozens of kids would have sat oblivpeculiar events. A bunch of fire ious to the flames tearing through the alarms go off and start flashing building. And why should the engibrightly and buzzing loudly. They do this to alert everyone in the area that there is potentially a fire threatening to Overall, I am happy burn down the building. I know this probably sounds that every day I go to like a pretty standard fire drill. class, learn and the What is different about a building I’m in doesn’t Duffield fire drill, however, is that when the alarm goes off burn down. (in a building that has several labs with gas lines and stuff — you know, those things that blow up neers feel the need to move when 99 when fire is around) nobody moves. I times out of 100, responding to a fire don’t mean that people slowly pack alarm is nothing more than an inconup their things and start moseying venient detour outside before returntowards the nearest exit. I don’t even ing to exactly the same place you mean that kids say to themselves, were before. At least in a Chinese Fire “OK. That is a fire alarm. I will finish Drill, you switch seats. the problem I’m currently working But if you have ever lived or now on and then pack up my things live on North Campus, then you have before escaping what could be a large seen the other end of the spectrum — building about to collapse.” No. taking the threat of fire a little too Rather, everyone just carries on with seriously. Maybe it is just because I their lives as if they have never seen subscribe to the “live free or die” the movie Backdraft. mantra (shout out to New HampWhy does nobody leave? Maybe shire), but it seems to me like the fire they think that it is just a drill and marshall really enjoys encroaching on they can handle some background my personal freedoms. If I want to buzzing as they work on their draw all of my power from a single Algorithms homework. Maybe they outlet using a complicated network think the building is made of stone of surge protectors and extension and glass, and for some reason, it will cords, then that is my prerogative, hold up to a violent gas explosion. and it is none of his or her business. I Maybe they really do have as much should be able to hang my posters on work as they complain about (they my spider lamp if I feel so inclined.

Paul Revere’s midnight ride wasn’t made with the thought of fire inspections in mind. Rather it was made with quite the opposite intention: freedom from America’s proverbial fire marshall — King George III. Moreover, I am not a fire hazard. Ever. On more than one occasion, I have been sitting down on the ground in a hallway and been told by some sort of authority figure that I need to move because I am “a fire hazard.” I think what these people are suggesting is not that I am a hazard because I might burst into flames at any given moment (I won’t), but rather that I will be in people’s way in the event of a fire. The funny thing is that if there is a fire, I am going to move — I also don’t want to be trapped in a fire. Have a little faith in people; I imagine most of them feel the same way. Unless a person covers themselves in petroleum jelly, I am not comfortable calling anyone a “fire hazard” (except you, girl who sits behind me in statistics class). Overall, I am happy that every day I go to class, learn and the building I’m in doesn’t burn down. The apathy that we treat fire alarms with is itself alarming. If you aren’t convinced that the danger is real, watch Backdraft or the FX show, Rescue Me (the writers will be so happy that someone actually watched). Fires are scary. A little less scary than the prospect of dying alone or a giant llama with a laser beam on its head (you know... standard fears), but scary enough that we can all afford to step outside when that alarm goes off next time. More importantly though, it’s my own damn business where and how I hang my posters. 10 inches from the ceiling isn’t going to be the end of the world. Christo Eliot is a junior in the College of Engineering. He may be reached at The Tale of the Dingo at Midnight appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

8 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013


Computer Science

Microbiology and Immunology


Debarghya Das ’14, Computer Science, Hacks Into the Indian Education System By CAMILLE WANG Sun Staff Writer

Every year, high school students in India eagerly anticipate

the results of the Indian Board Exams, tests that play a significant role in determining the university they attend or their employment status.


Securing software | Debarghya Das ’14 acquired the exam results of the nation-wide Indian board examinations.

At the request of his friends in India, Debarghya Das ’14, a computer science major, decided to hack into the website system and attempt to acquire the results. He succeeded in obtaining the scores a few days after they were released, but he decided to take it one step further – he ran statistical analysis on the data. Initially, Das said he ran the analysis purely out of curiosity. Upon looking at the generated graphs, Das found clear evidence that results had been tampered with. Das first examined the top scores in the data. From 94 to 100, enough students received each possible score. But zero students received a score of 93, followed by many students scoring a 92, zero earning a 91 and so on. This trend of intermittent zero’s resulted in sudden, unusual spikes when the data was plotted in a graph. “That’s statistically impossible,” Das said. “If you can get anything between 94 and 100, you have to have more than zero people getting a 93 or 91.” According to his blog, no one in India likewise achieved a score of 32, 33 or 34. “35 happens to be the pass mark,” Das said. Results such as these, along with several other missing possible scores, lead to one conclusion, according to Das: the results are being tampered with. Das did not hack the exam website in the normal definition of penetrating a system illegally. In computer science, a hack can also mean a creation that solves a computing problem. In this case, Das created a

code that would allow him to any student in any given school access “information that was to see the [results of ] the person available to any person who sitting next to him anyways, so entered a number into the web- no one really had a problem,” site,” according to his blog Das said about the Indian perThe coding took Das around spective. “The bigger issue was four or five hours to complete, that the results were being tamand obtaining the results took a pered with.” couple more hours. Das did also address the priThe fact that the site was vacy issues in his blog, explaineasy to hack into was not sur- ing that part of the reason for prising, however, since “every- writing his blog was to “demonbody knew that,” according to strate how few measures our Das. education board takes to hide “Breaking into the system such sensitive information.” As wasn’t a big deal, any [computer part of his blog, he describes science] major could do that. step by step how he got past But the exciting part was look- security to acquire all the exam ing at the data and realizing it results. was so flawed,” Das said. Other Now, he has decided not to people had also contacted him go forward with the project in saying they had performed a light of the privacy concerns. similar hack, but none had However, he is “glad the people done the analysis portion. know what they’re getting Upon finding the shocking into,” even if he does not expect results, Das decided to publish a the authorities to change anyblog to spread the word about thing. In fact, according to the what he found. Times of India, the board “[I] wanted everybody that attributed the sudden spikes to had gone through the system to a “standardization process.” know that there was something Although he may be done wrong with it,” he said. with this project, Das wants In fact, Das spent more time others to learn from what he writing his blog than he did did, regardless of whether the cracking the security on the lessons learned are technical or examination system. Recently, not. his blog reached over 170,000 “A cool thing that somebody hits, and his work has been fea- can learn from this is how simtured on newspapers including ple it is to take something that the Times of India, the Sunday any computer science major can Guardian and Scientific do and something any stats American. major can do,” Das said. “In Das received mixed reactions combining two different from people across the world. streams, you get something that In India, the focus was more on no one’s done before, and I the statistical analysis. In think that’s something anyone America, reactions centered can take away from this.” more on the privacy breach. “The people in India’s culture don’t think of it as a priva- Camille Wang can be reached at cy breach. It was possible for


Generating graphs | After performing statistical analysis, Debarghya Das ’14 found missing scores in board examination results, resulting in “impossible” peaks in a distribution graph.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 9


Professor Seeks Cure for Tuberculosis By REEM KHONDAKAR Sun Contributor

According to the World Health Organization, about two million tuberculosis-associated deaths occur annually worldwide. Prof. David Russell, microbiology and immunology, is investigating how tuberculosis lives inside the human cell meant to kill it and working to find a treatment to the increasingly drug-resistant disease. Known throughout history as consumption, white plague and Pott’s disease, tuberculosis is one of the oldest diseases that has plagued mankind. According to Russell, since the first human migration out of Africa approximately 60,000 years ago, tuberculosis has followed the poorest, most crowded and most immune-compromised populations on earth. Tuberculosis is caused by mycobaterium tuberculosis, a pathogen that easily spreads from person to person by its ability to remain airborne for hours in droplets called nuclei. Inhalation of these droplet nuclei can cause the illness, which generally affects the lungs. The pathogens infect macrophage cells, immune cells that clean up debris from dead tissues and which engulf and usually destroy bacteria. However, tuberculosis has evolved to persist inside the macrophage environment; as a result, the immune cell meant to protect us from tuberculosis actually harbors the bacteria. “There’s strong evolutionary pressure in both directions in terms of developing mechanisms to clear bacteria and bacteria developing mechanisms to avoid clearance,” Russell said. “I think the two organisms are very finely evolved and adapted to one another, and that’s why we have this persistent infection.” Macrophages are known for picking up many complex carbohydrates such as cholesterol, which, coincidentally, the mycobacterium can feed on. Tuberculosis can also turn off growth in response to environmental stressors. By turning off growth, the bacteria have the advantage of persisting in a chronic, nonreplicating state. There are two forms of tuberculosis: latent and active. In both forms, the bacteria are

engulfed by macrophages, which envelope the bacteria in a process called phagocytosis. This macrophage, which is now considered infected by the bacteria, recruits other immune cells to the site. This accumulation of cells is called a granuloma, which is "the defining pathology of tuberculosis," according to Russell. Although the granuloma cannot destroy the bacteria, it does contain it. “The granuloma is the product of the bacterium and the host,” Russell said. “For the bacterium, it allows the bacteria to persist. For the host, it walls off the infection and prevents spread of the infection.” One-third of the world’s population is afflicted with tuberculosis, Russell said. However, in that group, only five to 15 percent develop the active disease. For the majority of people afflicted, tuberculosis is dormant. “I think its because the bacteria is highly evolved and we’re highly evolved,” Russell said. “For the majority of individuals, our immune system does a very good job.” Yet for people who do not have a working immune system, the story is quite different. Immune-compromised individuals have a higher chance of developing tuberculosis. If the granulomas rupture, the bacteria are free to spread throughout the airways, thus causing the active form of the disease. “If you have HIV, you can’t make granulomas, and you can’t contain the infection,” Russell said. Although a treatment for tuberculosis exists, it is fraught with complications. Current treatment involves a combination of three to four front-line drugs and can take between three to nine months to complete. According to Russell, because the long-term, difficult treatment carries a higher risk of non-compliance, there is a serious danger of selection for drug-resistant bacteria. Patients who quit treatment too early allow the bacteria to acquire mutations for resistance. “It’s a perfect recipe for selection of drugresistant strains,” Russell said. “We see drugresistant strains being selected for in multiple geographic locations across the world. It’s not just a one-off thing.”

According to the WHO, in 2011 alone there were over 300,000 cases of multi-drugresistant tuberculosis. New drugs have the potential to not only avoid the growing problem of multi-drug-resistance, but also make therapy much shorter and less taxing. Russell’s lab aims to find better treatment for tuberculosis. He and Brian VanderVen, a research scientist in microbiology and immunology, is currently working with Vertex Pharmaceuticals, a drug-company based in Boston, to screen organic compounds that can limit tuberculosis growth in the macrophage environment. From Vertex’s library of about 340,000 compounds, the lab has homed in on about 300 potential “hits” that could work effectively against tuberculosis inside the macrophage. To find these hits, researchers transform the tuberculosis pathogen so that it will express a red fluorescent protein. Then, they create mixtures of macrophages, tuberculosis, and the compound in question. After incubating the mixtures for six days, they measure

the amount of fluorescence. Low fluorescence mixtures are marked as a potential hit. Russell looks for drugs that are at least 70 percent as effective against the bacteria as are established drugs. Through their work, researchers in Russell’s lab found that studying tuberculosis alone was not enough. The relationship between the human macrophage and intracellular pathogens was not exclusive to the mycobacterium. “We realized that if we’re interested in tuberculosis in Africa we could not ignore HIV. We had to study HIV in parallel,” Russell said. The Russell Lab has two ongoing drug discovery programs in Malawi. One is for anti-tuberculosis agents, and the other is for a more recent project: anti-inflammatory agents against cerebral malaria, a main cause of pediatric malarial deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa. Reem Khondakar can be reached at


Treating tuberculosis | Prof. David Russell, microbiology and immunology, studies the mechanisms and treatment of tuberculosis, a highly contagious disease.

New Theory Describes How Things Break By LISA GIBSON Sun Staff Writer

If you have ever broken a bone or cracked a window, aside from having bad luck, you have broken


Breaking bone | Composite materials, such as bone, can absorb more damage without breaking due to a greater disorder in their structure.

two different types of materials that break in different ways. Prof. James Sethna, physics, and Ashivni Shekhawat Ph.D. ’13, in collaboration with Stefano Zapperi, senior researcher, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Italy, have created a unifying theory, the continuous damage theory, to explain how all objects break. Previously, scientists used different models for how objects fracture, or break, for different types of material. A crystalline material, such as a salt crystal, has its molecules arranged in a specific, ordered and homogeneous way. Composite materials are made out of multiple materials but, because of the combination, have different chemical or physical properties than the original materials. Bone and shell are two natural composite materials. Composite materials have less order in how they are arranged at the molecular level. “Disorder is the key parameter to vary between these materials as you go from glass to bone, and that is one of the key findings in our work,” Shekhawat said. According to Shekhawat, composite materials can absorb more damage and stress than brittle crystalline materials before breaking into pieces. Before Sethna, Shekhawat and Zapperi composed their new theo-

ry, different models were used to determine how different materials would break. The trio discovered that the amount of disorder in a material controls how much distributed damage it can take before it fails, according to Shekhawat. The amount of disorder causes differences in having the ability to absorb damage or breaking instantly. Sethna, Shekhawat and Zapperi’s continuous damage theory allowed them to quantify the amount of damage a system could undergo before it fell apart. They could also predict the breaking point of the material. Although composite materials are generally more able to withstand stress, the bigger the composite materials, the more brittle they become. “If you take a material of a certain scale and it has interesting behavior, and then take a block of it twice as big in each direction, what will the new behavior look like? And what you find is that things become more brittle, more glass like, as you get bigger,” Sethna said. “That means that they get more ‘interesting,’ from our point of view, as they get smaller. Suggesting that if you build nano devices with damage in them, they will probably be described by theories like ours.” Using the continuous damage theory, the researchers are now able

to quantify how much stress a material can withstand as the size of the object changes. During early experiments, according to Sethna, the results did not create the predicted Weibull distributions of fractures. The Weibull distribution is a mathematical probability distribution similar to the Gaussian distribution, also known as the bell curve, used for determining class averages and grades. The Weibull distribution has a different shape than the bell curve, and the Weibull distribution curve is used by engineers to determine failure of products, including how often they will break. The Weibull distribution can also be used to help with weather forecasting and a variety of other models. The researchers tested the Weibull theory using another model and established that their simulation results were accurate. They also determined that the Weibull distribution only works for a system that is “big enough,” according to Sethna. They determined that the “big enough” system needed for the Weibull distribution to work in this case had to be one that was larger than the observable universe, said Sethna. “This is not to say that the Weibull distribution will not work for any model or real system. In

fact, there are several models for which the Weibull distribution will do just fine,” Shekawat said. “However, it does bring into question the indiscriminate use of Weibull theory. Our work provides a theoretically sound criticism of the Weibull theory.” Testing the Weibull distribution led to the new continuous damage model. To create the new model, the researchers studied the distribution of precursor events, smaller fractures that led up to a final break. Shekhawat said that from a small object to a large object, they could now quantify and predict the expected behavior of the strain distributions and how the distribution of precursor events would change using the new model. The continuous damage theory is best used for moderate size objects at the micro-length scale. When measuring stress in microlength objects, the distribution of stress behaviors is fit well by the researcher's distribution, and not by the Weibull distribution, said Sethna. The next step of this research is to experiment with more composite materials that contain various amounts of disorder and to measure fracture distributions in breaking objects. Lisa Gibson can be reached at


10 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Wednesday, September 11, 2013

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Minidoka on My Mind:

Roger Shimomura at the Johnson Museum BY REHAN DADI Sun Staff Writer

Visual artist Roger Shimomura’s latest exhibition of paintings at the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Minidoka On My Mind, is deeply inspired by the artist’s traumatic upbringing. Soon after he was born in 1939, Shimomura’s family was forcibly moved to the Minidoka Relocation Center in Idaho. This was one of the 10 internment camps where the U.S. government housed Japanese-American citizens during World War II. The exhibit, which coincides with the New Student Reading project and the campus and community reading of Julie Otsuka’s novel, When the Emperor was Divine, seeks to expose the terrible living conditions and the degrading and lasting effects of Shimomura’s family’s imprisonment. The exhibit also pays homage to the extraordinary resilience of the Japanese-American community as they faced intolerance and hatred during this time period. The visual language of Shimomura’s works is drawn from a combination of Japanese woodcuts and pop art, as well as American graphic cartoons. The majority of work shown at the Johnson was painted using acrylic paints on a canvas background. Shimomura includes commonly recurring motifs of dark barracks and barbed wire in the paintings, and the series evokes a strong protest against racism, fear and xenophobia. Over the course of World War II, hysteria led to the imprisonment of 120,000 innocent Japanese-Americans; the House Un-American Activities Committee in their “Report on Japanese Activities” described JapaneseAmericans in 1942 as possible instruments in the forthcoming attack on the United States. The darkness of this event in American history is reflected in the stark and powerful imagery of Shimomura’s works. American Infamy #5 (2011) depicts an aerial view of the camp from the perspective of U.S. soldiers in the guard towers. There were 10 concentration camps bordered with barbed wire — some of the camps even had electrified fences. Guard towers were strategically placed along the fences, which were constantly monitored and manned by soldiers. The title is a reference to the outrage expressed by former President Franklin D. Roosevelt when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. The painting incorporates several elements of the traditional Japanese folding screen, or byobu, including the division of the painting into panels, the top-down view of daily activities and the superimposed dark clouds. These elements create a sense of unity across the picture lane and add a haunting, near-cartoonish effect to Shimomura’s imagery. Another of his works, Furlough (2007), symbolizes one of the camp’s central ironies: Japanese-Americans



were viewed with suspicion while simultaneously being considered indispensable for the U.S. war effort. The U.S. army began enlisting Japanese men into a special regiment of the 442 Combat Team, where many were deployed to Europe and the Pacific. Over 14,000

Japanese-Americans served, and of this group, almost 4,500 were killed or wounded. The painting contrasts very cheerful, light colors in the fashionable clothing worn by the dancers with the dark and ominous background of the barracks to show that even this festive occasion is marred by the humiliation of imprisonment. Furlough depicts the painful reality of the loyal Japanese-American soldier and his wife who are forced to celebrate his furlough behind barbed wire as enemy aliens. In Classmates (2007), a barbed wire fence separates two “all-American” girls. The girls sport similar flowery dresses, hair styles, lipstick, and apples, and each one is but one is blonde, while the other, a Japanese-American girl, is behind the wire. Shadow of the Enemy (2007) explores a similar motif. It shows the silhouette of a pigtailed girl jumping rope, an image of a happy American child — save for the fact that she is playing outside the barracks of a concentration camp and is represented as only a shadow, the pigtails darkly reminiscent of horns. The work clearly and poignantly symbolizes the ethnic and racial tension of the time, along

with the unsubstantiated fear that caused this innocent girl to be labeled an enemy of the state. In traditional Japanese prints, shadows were used as allegories to reveal the true nature of disguised or hidden demons, and this painting clearly refers to this historical motif. Block Dance Break #1 (2006) depicts one of the many dances that took place inside Minidoka’s barracks, usually before enlisted men were sent to the front. These special occasions were intended to bring a sense of normalcy to the barracks, despite the harsh reality of inescapable incarceration. In this painting, a colorfully dressed woman stands in stark relief to the dreary background as she waits in line for the latrine that has no running water. Many of Shimomura’s works are autobiographical, such as Enemy Alien #2 (2006), which portrays the lasting psychological effects of incarceration in the internment camps. The artist paints himself as an old man inside one of the barracks while the shadow of himself as a boy leans against the outside wall, wearing a baseball cap and leaning on a bat. This juxtaposition suggests that incarceration robbed him of his youth and childhood. Of the 120,000 “Japanese” were imprisoned in the camps — over two-thirds of them were American citizens. Shimomura, along with his parents and relatives, were imprisoned for more than three years before they were allowed to return to their home in Seattle. Many of the artist’s first memories were of life in the camp. Eventually, Shimomura landed a teaching position at the University of Kansas, where in contrast to the racial diversity of Seattle, he was constantly self-conscious of his ethnic identity. In 1976, these formative experiences led him to begin researching the most shameful moments in American history, culminating with his creation of the extraordinary Minidoka series. Since then, Shimomura has created a diverse range of work, from paintings and lithographs to performance pieces, all dealing with the experience of incarceration. The works in the exhibition, for example, form part of a much larger series of paintings that comment on the threats and crises that contemporary America faces. They also question whether the United States will commit to its professed ideals of truth, justice and freedom. His work testifies that issues of racial and ethnic profiling have yet to be resolved decades after the end of the WWII. The Minidoka On My Mind Exhibition, curated by Ellen Avril, chief curator and curator of Asian art at the Johnson Museum, is on display until Dec. 22. Rehan Dadi is a junior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at

Swinging Singles


Wednesday, September 11, 2013 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | 11


Arcade Fire

Toro Y Moi

“Can’t Sleep Together”

“Just a Reflektor”


By James Rainis By Gina Cargas The final release from Adult Swim’s 15-week singles program, Miguel’s “Can’t Sleep Together,” is a dark and vaguely depressing tale of two insomniacs’ mutual seduction. Despite occasional romantic platitudes (“woman, you feel like a dream to me”), the track remains an addictive bedroom track — not that that’s surprising coming from Miguel. The sparse percussion and frenzied guitar ooze a desperate sort of apathy and the chorus — “I can’t sleep, you can’t sleep, let’s can’t sleep together” — suggests a tryst via convenience rather than attraction. Lyrically, “Can’t Sleep Together” isn’t terribly sophisticated, but the steady repetition and Miguel’s falsetto prove sufficiently hypnotizing by themselves. “Can’t Sleep Together” is a banger, but it hints at dissatisfaction and a lack of fulfillment. The song is a natural progression from Miguel’s 2012 knockout Kaleidoscope Dream, which proved — along with recent work from Frank Ocean, Justin Timberlake and The Weeknd — that eight-minute-long introspective meditations on inadequacy, and radio-ready hits are not mutually exclusive. This track may not be Miguel’s most intimate, nor his most affecting, but what it lacks in emotional depth, it makes up for with restless, staccato guitar and a glittering synth beat. Gina Cargas is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at

To deny the brilliance of both the stark black and white of the Anton Corbjindirected music video and the hazy, multiplatform experience of “Just a Reflektor” would be blasphemy. However, the hullabaloo surrounding those two causes a lot less excitement than the next sentence: Arcade Fire have gone disco. When the Grammy-winners joined forces with LCD Soundsystem’s James Murphy, we knew he would add a little dance-punk touch to the gloriously grandiose Arcade Fire sound. “Reflektor” delivers on that promise. A disco stomp pulsates throughout its eight minutes, as Winn Butler laments the social media age (“Now the signals we send are deflected again / We’re still connected, but are we even friends?”). From a horn-propelled (and Bowie-featuring!) middle section into loping piano chords and give-and-take vocals from Butler and Regine Chassagne, “Reflektor”’s anthemic pomp and circumstance is appropriate. Since the “us kids” stance of Funeral, the band has fought for the innocence of childhood in the face of adult disillusion. Devoid of irony and brimming with emotionally raw energy, “Reflektor” serves as a call to arms and a reinvention, embracing a new method for an old message. James Rainis is a senior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at

By Arielle Cruz Chaz Bundwick, the smooth mixing, dark rimmed glasses-wearing DJ from South Carolina, has given us another reason to believe that musicians are sexy. After releasing his third, and arguably best, album, Anything In Return earlier this year, Bundwick is going on tour — but he couldn’t do it without one last song, “Campo,” which he released to the world yesterday via SoundCloud. The new song isn’t an indication of another album though, so don’t get too excited; this caramel-sweet single is touronly material. The new song sounds more like Toro y Moi’s earlier stuff. In a in a single word, it’s groovy. The soul-pop tone in Bundwick’s voice beckons and the funky, bongo and bend-ridden riffs, are infectious and sway-worthy to say the least. The guitar is smooth, and the light, almost cartoon UFO-reminiscent synth and moan of the saxophone make “Campo” sound confident is a way that is purely seductive. While the more experimental, stuttering beat of the track could, in the hands of another DJ, harsh on the songs mellow, in Bundwick’s hands the beat gives this song a kind of confident hipster confident swagger that permeated as he insists, “just do it.” Take a listen, and prepare to sway.

Arielle Cruz is a junior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. She can be reached at

The Non-Politics of South Park Politics


’m a college student, which means that by default I like South Park. It is crassly hilarious, relevant to current events and inpulse with pop culture. It also makes me feel uncomfortable. South Park’s business is to insult. It lampoons celebrities, religions and ethnicities, etc. etc. — nothing is held sacred. In an age when everyone takes themselves too seriously, that’s not necessarily a bad thing. It does become a problem when the show tries to tackle politics. “Cartoon Wars Part II” tried to depict the prophet Muhammad in order to make a point about free speech, but Comedy Central infamously censored those images against the creator’s wishes. “With Apologies to Jesse Jackson” tackled the use of the N-word, and the phrase “People Who Annoy You” is now the stuff of memes. “Sexual Harassment Panda” satirized how “easy” it is to sue others for sexual harassment — that episode ended with the lawsuit Everyone v. Everyone. The show only occasionally addresses political issues; its topics of choice are almost always free speech, political correctness and uncool bureaucracy. Given Trey Parker and Matt Stone’s political beliefs, this isn’t surprising. Both say they “hate liberals more than conservatives.” Both engender a libertarian strain of conservatism popular among college campuses and younger people. Pundit Andrew Sullivan coined the term “South Park Republican” to describe the new wave of young adults who align with the show’s beliefs — a misnomer if anything, because Trey Parker is registered with the Libertarian Party. The problem with South Park’s politics is not its content, but its presentation. if they are heavily libertarian, then more power to

them. But the show chooses to espouse these beliefs though disingenuous, dishonest arguments that reveal the show as sheltered and sophomoric. Accusing South Park of spectatorship is strange, because the show looks like it jumps headfirst into the foray as the most vile and enthusiastic of commentators. Take season four’s “It Hits the Fan,” where the word “shit” was used over a hundred times in reaction to media uproar over a single use of “shit” on CBS in the ‘90s. On the bottom left was a counter that tallied the number of times “shit” was said on air. The counter made clear that the episode’s goal was to provoke controversey in order to make a point. Yet, rather than engaging with debate, the show calls for reason through ad hominems by showing that those on the other side of the debate are much more insane. And this works pretty well — in response to that

Kai Sam Ng You’ve Got to Be Kitsching Me episode, one advocacy group denounced South Park as "dangerous to democracy." Suddenly South Park doesn’t look so bad. Encoded within this tactic is a disavowal towards political action. Lampooning liberals and conservatives “for the lolz” is perfectly fine because everybody does stupid things, but the show’s ultimate message is not “do something about these stupid people,” but “look at these stupid people.” We are told to see the show’s creators as witty truth speakers, to focus on the satire but not the issues. Mocking Al Gore in “ManBearPig” was hilarious, but also encouraged viewers to

tune out An Inconvenient Truth because “Al Gore is desperate for attention.” Every episode tacking political correctness concludes that the offended need to grow a thicker skin. David Foster Wallace, in his profile of the conservative talk show host John Ziegler, criticized how “Even though there is plenty of stuff for reasonable people to dislike about Political Correctness as a dogma, there is also something creepy about the brutal, self-righteous glee with which [Ziegler] and other conservative hosts defy all PC conventions. If it causes you real pain to hear or see something, and I make it a point to inflict that thing on you merely because I object to your reasons for finding it painful, then there’s something wrong with my sense of proportion, or my recognition of your basic humanity, or both.” It’s unfair to compare Ziegler with South Park, but the logic is perfectly applicable. The show’s self-righteousness when it gleefully mocks offended parties to make a point

about free speech, or when it tells others what they believe is stupid and doesn’t matter, is just as obnoxious as the guy in high school who quoted Nietzsche in English class. South Park’s most obscene example of insufferable sophistry was “Cartman’s Silly Hate Crime 2000,” where Parker and Stone play a useless game of semantics to say that hate crime legislation is unfair because all crimes are hate crimes.” If life were only that simple. Everybody attempts satire, but few are actually good at it. Admittedly, South Park is still great at it. It’s still hilarious. Its points, regardless of how they’re presented, are well taken. The show only becomes a problem when you treat it as a serious political commentary with more meaning than it actually has. Kai Sam Ng is a senior in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. He can be reached at You’ve Got to be Kitsching Me runs alternate Wednesdays this semester.


Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Chiang Mai native 5 Dance moves 10 Cheerful 14 Mint, e.g. 15 Ira Gershwin contribution 16 Indiana neighbor 17 Palindromic fashion mag 18 More aloof 19 “Walking in Memphis” singer Cohn 20 Accommodating work hours 23 Large amount 24 “O Sole __” 25 Harper’s __ 28 Chewie’s shipmate 29 Béchamel base 31 Monopoly deed abbr. 32 Market research panel 36 Laundry cycle 37 Fairway boundary 38 Part of i.e. 39 Biblical prophet 40 “Yikes!” 41 Frito-Lay is its title sponsor 43 Mark of Zorro 44 Action on eBay 45 USN rank 46 Acquirer of more than 1,000 patents 48 It includes mayo 49 SUV part: Abbr. 52 Culinary combination 56 Roger Rabbit or Bugs Bunny 58 Heart of Paris? 59 Old Norse poetry collection 60 Bring in 61 Rockne of Notre Dame fame 62 Look slyly 63 Multitude 64 “Bullitt” director Peter 65 Company that manufactures the starts of 20-, 32-, 41- and 52Across DOWN 1 Taking the wrong way? 2 Nametag greeting

3 “Over the Rainbow” composer 4 Wild mountain goat 5 Deli worker’s chore 6 Danish astronomer Brahe 7 Toledo’s lake 8 Mottled 9 Prepare for surgery 10 Lefty in Cooperstown 11 Small Asian pooch bred as a watchdog 12 Balloon filler 13 Medical nickname 21 Big success 22 Lenient 26 Miller’s “__ From the Bridge” 27 Kidney-related 28 “Les Misérables” author 29 Derby prize 30 Ways of escape 32 Succumbed to stage fright 33 Wondered aloud? 34 Babylonian writing system

35 Senate majority leader since 2007 36 Weeps convulsively 39 Capital west of Haiphong 41 Hard to please 42 Grants permanent status to, as a professor 44 A.L. East team 47 Golf-friendly forecast

48 Like the accent in “entrée” 49 Wedding memento 50 Rear-__ 51 Found out 53 Chaplin’s last wife 54 Neither masc. nor fem. 55 Narcissist’s love 56 Darjeeling, e.g. 57 Scull propeller



Sun Sudoku

Fill in the empty cells, one number in each, so that each column, row, and region contains the numbers 1-9 exactly once. Each number in the solution therefore occurs only once in each of the three “directions,” hence the “single numbers” implied by the puzzle’s name. (Rules from /Sudoku)

Puzzle #2977: In Memoriam

8 5


1 6

7 9

9 8




7 8 2









by Robert Radigan grad



by Garry Trudeau

Mr. Gnu

by Travis Dandro

Strings Attached

M-F 9-5



Circles and Stuff

By David Poole (c)2013 Tribune Content Agency, LLC



by Ali Solomon ’01

The Corne¬ Daily Sun

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle


for information about placing your ad in

12 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 13


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NEW YORK (AP) — Mets ace Matt Harvey’s ailing elbow is feeling better, and the right-hander said Tuesday he is still optimistic he can avoid reconstructive surgery that would likely sideline him for all of next season. Harvey will visit Dr. James Andrews on Monday before deciding whether he will undergo Tommy John surgery. “Everything feels fine, my arm feels great,” the 24-year-old righthander said. “I am still very optimistic about everything, but I am not a doctor so we will see what happens.” In his first public comments since Aug. 26, when the Mets said he had a partial ligament tear, Harvey said he hasn’t yet had a second MRI to determine the best course of action going forward. He has been icing his elbow and riding a stationary bike since he was shut down for the season last month. Harvey said the swelling is down and that pain subsided two days after he put a ball down. “We wanted to get the second opinion, let the swelling settle down before we went in and started any rehab or anything like that,” he said. “We’re going to wait to see how Monday goes with Dr. Andrews. “I am not going to make an immediate decision while I am down there. Whether it is another week or whatnot, I am going to talk to as many people as I can. If we do go the surgery route, having it sooner so maybe I can get back in September next year ... it's a possibility. We haven’t gotten that far.” Harvey, the All-Star game starter for the National League, joined Mets teammates David Wright and Zack Wheeler, along with Jeff Wilpon — the team’s chief operating officer — at a Manhattan firehouse in advance of the anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks on New York. Harvey was in middle school in Connecticut on the day the World Trade Center was struck by hijacked airliners. “I still remember hearing about it,” he said. “It was a scary time. We didn’t know what was going on. We were so young and so close. I had spent a lot of time in New York City, and realizing what was really going on was a scary moment “The way that America bounced back and handled everything, it was something really special to see.” Wright, who is also sidelined by injury, has been a regular visitor to firehouses as the anniversary of the attacks approaches each year. Photos and memorials to the 16 firefighters from Engine 54, Ladder 4, Battalion 9, who were killed that day adorn the walls at the station.


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N.Y.Mets Players, Battling Injuries, Remember 9/11

14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013


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President of IOC

BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) — Within minutes of being elected to the top job in the Olympics, Thomas Bach got a phone call from a powerful leader he’ll work with closely in the next few months: Russian President Vladimir Putin. Bach, a 59-year-old German lawyer, was elected Tuesday as president of the International Olympic Committee. He succeeds Jacques Rogge, who stepped down after 12 years. Bach, the longtime favorite, defeated five candidates in a secret ballot for the most influential job in international sports, keeping the presidency in European hands. The former Olympic fencer received 49 votes in the second round to secure a winning majority. Richard Carrion of Puerto Rico finished second with 29 votes. One of the first congratulatory phone calls came from Putin, who will host the IOC in less than five months at the Winter Olympics in the southern Russian resort of Sochi. The Sochi Games are one of Putin’s pet projects, with Russia’s prestige on the line. “He congratulated and (said) there would be close cooperation to make (sure of ) the success of the Sochi Games,” Bach told The Associated Press. The buildup to the Feb. 7-23 games has been overshadowed by concerns with cost overruns, human rights, a budget topping $50 billion, security threats and a Western backlash against a Russian law against gay “propaganda.” Bach and the IOC have been told by the Russians there would be no discrimination against anyone in Sochi, and that Russia would abide by the Olympic Charter. “We have the assurances of the highest authorities in Russia that we trust,” Bach said. It remains unclear what would happen if athletes or spectators demonstrate against the anti-gay law. Rogge said this week the IOC would send a reminder to athletes that, under the Olympic Charter, they are prohibited from making any political gestures. “We will work on our project now and then it will be communicated to the NOCs (national Olympic committees) and then athletes,” Bach said. “It will be elaborated more in detail.” At his first news conference as president, Bach was asked about how the IOC would deal with human rights issues in host countries. The IOC has been criticized for not speaking out against abuses in countries like China and Russia. “The IOC cannot be apolitical,” Bach said. “We have to realize that our decisions at events like Olympic Games, they have political implications. And when taking these decisions we have to, of course, consider political implications. “But in order to fulfill our role to make sure that in the Olympic Games and for the participants the Charter is respected, we have to be strictly politically neutral. And there we also have to protect the athletes,” he said. A former Olympic fencing gold medalist who heads Germany's national Olympic committee, Bach is the ninth president in the 119-year history of the IOC. He’s the eighth European to hold the presidency. Of the IOC’s leaders, all have come from Europe except for Avery Brundage, the American who ran the committee from 195272. Bach is also the first gold medalist to become IOC president. He won gold in team fencing for West Germany in the 1976 Montreal Olympics.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, September 11, 2013 15



C.U. to Play Marist, Albany By MARISSA VELASQUEZ Sun Staff Writer

The Red is looking to bounce back after this weekend’s loss against Colgate. With two upcoming games against Marist College and the University of Albany, the team says it has the ability to make a strong presence early in the season. Head coach Patrick Farmer is going into his second season with the Red, and the small roster of 25 players, mostly consisting of freshmen, is looking to improve on its record from previous seasons. Cornell (1-1) started off its season taking on a 1-0 victory over Sacred Heart this past weekend, which highlighted freshman midfielder Dempsey Banks’ assist to junior midfielder Kerry Schubert for the only goal of the game. The game was the Red’s first win of the season, as well as Cornell’s first season debut victory since defeating Oakland (Mich.) in 2008. Although the Red triumphed over Sacred Heart, the team came up short in its match against Colgate (4-1), in which freshman goalkeeper, Kelsey Tierney made her collegiate debut by saving the only goal that was sent her way. With a vigorous game schedule ahead, the squad hopes to win both games this weekend and continue to push forward throughout the season. Cornell will first take on Marist College (1-2-2). The Red Foxes are looking to add a win to their record despite the tie and the loss from their past week-

end of play. In the Red’s encounter with Marist in 2011, Cornell fell 0-2 at the Red Fox Invitational, in which Marist’s freshman midfielder Amanda Epstein succeeded in defeating the Red by scoring both goals. Returning this year for her junior season, Epstein has scored goals and assists thus far in the season, posing a threat to the Red. University of Albany (1-4) is looking to push its way out of its four game losing streak. With its only win so far against Florida Atlantic University, the Great Danes are trying to bounce back from their latest 6-0 loss against Hofstra and are looking to pull out a win against the Red. In 2012, the Red fell, 2-5, to the University of Albany, although the Red did have the advantage in shot selection throughout the entirety of the game. During a friendly, non-league game the Red came out fighting when Xandra Hompe ’13 scored two goals for the first time in her college career and senior goalkeeper Tori Christ made a pair of saves in her fourth collegiate game debut. The Red looks to continue to build on the intensity shown in the previous seasons to bring home a win against the Danes. On Sept. 13, the Red will take on the Marist College at home at Charles Berman Field, followed by a match against the University of Albany on Sept. 15. MICHELLE FRALING / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Marissa Velazquez can be reached at

Ready to score | The women’s soccer team hopes to be successful in its games against Marist College and the University of Albany this weekend.

Passion for Tennis Declines in South Africa Golf Course Cancels JOHANNESBURG (AP) — The gold paint on the winners’ boards at the Ellis Park tennis stadium in Johannesburg sparkles with names of the greats: Rod Laver, Jimmy Connors, Margaret Court, Billie Jean King and many more. Yet an air of neglect cloaks the clubhouse, where dust coats the counter and booths in “The Tennis Bar,” its big window overlooking the old center court. Ellis Park, once the temple of South African tennis, hosted celebrity-studded stops on the international circuit, despite intensifying global protests aimed at isolating the white minority rulers of the time. In 1974, Connors triumphed at the U.S. Open and then beat Arthur Ashe in a South African final for the second consecutive year. Laver, who oversaw the coin toss before Rafael Nadal's victory over Novak Djokovic in New York on Monday, won in Johannesburg in 1969 and 1970. Roy Emerson, whose record of 12 major singles wins was overtaken by Nadal at Flushing Meadow, also collected the South African trophy. Now the 17-court complex at Ellis Park, whose namesake was a city councilor, hosts weekly junior squads and league matches, and an international wheelchair tournament. But it is often empty. Its decline mirrors the challenges that tennis faces in South Africa, a founding member of the International Lawn Tennis Federation in 1913 that struggled with racial segregation and international political pressure under apartheid, then saw attention and funding shift to other sports under democratic rule. “She’s a very sad, old lady,” Keith Brebnor, a South African

former tennis player and tournament director, said of dilapidated Ellis Park (though the hard courts were resurfaced two years ago). The once-prestigious South African Open is now defunct, despite recent attempts to revive it. A complex named after Ashe in the Soweto area of Johannesburg hosts a lower-tier tournament for professionals. Venus and Serena Williams played an exhibition match at Ellis Park last year. Roger Federer, whose mother was born in South Africa, has visited the country to help children through his foundation. But soccer far exceeds the popularity of tennis, and rugby, cricket and golf, once the exclusive purview of whites, are also gaining crossover appeal in this country of more than 50 million. Today, the Ellis Park facility is ringed by poor urban neighborhoods, fallout from the social transformation decades ago when apartheid crumbled and “whitesonly” areas were dismantled, prompting blacks to move into the inner city. Crime increased, and there have been break-ins at the Ellis Park tennis complex over the years, though some longtime visitors say the neighborhood’s reputation is worse than the reality. “A lot of people have always said to us, ‘This park is in the wrong part of town,’” said Wendy Addison, a manager with the provincial tennis association. She said she is continually arranging with plumbers and electricians to patch things up at the municipal complex, which she said still has a “wonderful vibe.” The place used to be a quarry and a garbage dump. Tennis got started there in an era when

women wore billowing skirts on court. The key to its later success, particularly when tennis was transitioning from amateur to professional status, was the involvement of South African Breweries and other big sponsors as well as the luring of celebrities such as actor Charlton Heston, who handed over a winner’s check in 1975. African-American tennis star Arthur Ashe was a prominent opponent of apartheid but went to South Africa to see things for himself. He gave a tennis clinic in Soweto and had mixed success in seeking to ensure there was no segregated seating during his matches at Ellis Park, according to “Arthur Ashe: A Biography” by author Richard Steins. Mark Mathabane was a young black player from Alexandra township who was mesmerized when he saw Ashe's self-assurance — “not dropping his eyes, not groveling” — while talking to white journalists after training at Ellis Park. Mathabane was helped by another American star, Stan Smith, to travel to the United States, where he played college tennis, escaping apartheid as well as possible reprisals from activists who saw him as a collaborator for participating in South African tournaments. He later wrote an autobiography about his journey called “Kaffir Boy,” using a derogatory term for blacks. “Tennis was literally my passport to freedom,” he said, in a phone interview from his home in Portland, Oregon. “Ellis Park was a prominent and decisive place where I obtained the beginnings of that passport because if I hadn’t gone to Ellis Park, I probably wouldn’t be alive today.”

9/11 Special Offer

MADISON, Wis. (AP) — A Wisconsin golf course owner who advertised nine holes of golf for $9.11 to mark the anniversary of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks apologized Tuesday but said he would keep the club open despite a backlash that included death threats.

“We could close, but then all these people with their negative attitudes, they win.” Marc Watts Tumbledown Trails Golf Course near Madison advertised the special in the Wisconsin State Journal newspaper on Monday, saying it was intended to commemorate the 12th anniversary of the attacks that killed nearly 3,000 people. The discount, which also included 18 holes of golf for $19.11, was good for the anniversary on Wednesday only. News of the offer spread on social media and the golf course’s Facebook page was overrun with negative comments. Owner and general manager Marc Watts said he received death threats and threats to burn down the familyoperated public golf course. The sheriff ’s department sent a deputy there Tuesday, and Watts said another officer will be back on Wednesday. “We’re a little hurt by the fact that people are putting such a

negative context on this,” Watts said. “I thought people would appreciate it.” The promotion actually began two years ago, on the 10th anniversary of the attacks, and until now was warmly received as a way to ensure people never forget the tragedy, Watts said. This year, after the newspaper ad circulated on social media, Watts said the club’s phone has been ringing off the hook. Watts apologized Monday night on Facebook and was personally fielding calls on Tuesday, saying there was no intention to cause offense. He considered closing the 20-year-old golf course Wednesday because of safety concerns but decided to keep it open. “We could close, but then all these people with their negative attitudes, they win,” he said. Watts, who was near tears during an interview, said he spent much of the night throwing up over the backlash. Lee Ielpi, whose firefighter son died in the attacks, said he understands the backlash from the ad, but he also believes it’s important to remember 9/11. Ielpi, speaking in a telephone interview from the 9/11 memorial site, is president and cofounder of the 9/11 Tribute Center. “I think that any positive event is always beneficial to make sure we remember 9/11,” Ielpi said. “I don’t feel slighted by this golf outing.”


The Corne¬ Daily Sun




Cornell Hopes to Rebound After Early Disappointment By TUCKER MAGGIO-HUCEK Sun Staff Writer

Cornell field hockey will have two chances this weekend to rebound from a disappointing start to the 2013 season. The Red (0-2) will take on St. Francis (1-0) on Friday at 4pm and Georgetown (0-4) on Sunday at noon. Both of this weekend’s contests will be played at home on Marsha Dodson Field. While last weekend’s results were not exactly what the Red was hoping for, senior captain Carolyn Horner feels that the experience will be something that the team can build on. “While a loss is never the outcome you strive for, it is a building block. Whether it uncovers things that your team needs to work on or simply just fuels motivation for the future, tough losses do help a team grow and mature,” she said. St. Francis built off of its successful season last year by winning its first game of the season 6-3 against Lehigh. The Red Flash was led by junior forward Autumn Pellman who scored five goals in the season opener against Lehigh. St. Francis also returns with many players who earned accolades last season. Junior midfielder Carissa Makea earned NEC Defensive Player of the Year as well as First Team NEC. Sophomore midfielder Selena Adamshick earned NEC Rookie of the Year and also joined her teammates in the NEC (as well as First Team honors) first team. Georgetown enters Sunday’s game winless through their first four contests of the 2013 season. Last season, the Red

Get your head in the game | The Red is striving for a comeback in this weekend’s games against St. Francis and Georgetown. The team hopes to come out of both games with a win.


defeated Georgetown 3-1 on goals from sophomore back Marisa Siergiej and senior captain Hannah Balleza. The Hoyas have been outscored this season by a total of 18-3. Headlining the stats column for Georgetown is sophomore forward Sarah Butterfield with her two goal total, while freshman midfielder Maria McDonald has also scored a goal for the Hoyas. Learning from the team’s early season mistakes, the Red is working on several aspects of its game this week. One of those aspects is sharing possession. “A big thing for us is making better connections between each of the lines (defense, mids, offense) so that we have a more collective team contribution and less individual handling of the ball,” Balleza said.

One of the most difficult things for any team to do early in the season is to play consistently for an entire game. Early on in a contest, the Red has been able to string together long periods of strong play where the team executed its game plan. However, the squad was unable to play a complete game this way, and when it did slip up in execution, the Red’s opponents were able to capitalize. A focus this week will be to play both games at a high level. “This weekend we will be working on our consistency ... We intend to play two full games and get two wins back,” Horner said. Tucker Maggio-Hucek can be reached at


Tri-Captain Groves Looks Ahead to Senior Season By BEN HOROWITZ Sun Staff Writer

The Cornell men’s cross country team has a number of players worthy of acclaim, but there may not be a better story than that of senior tri-captain Max Groves. Groves started out as a walk-on in his freshman year and has steadily improved his game ever since, rising to become one of the Red’s best runners as well as one of its captains for the 2013 season. However, Groves is looking forward to even greater things this year. “I think I’ve done a lot of good things in

Cornell, but I have a whole year left and I’m looking to do even bigger things than I have in my previous three years,” he said. As a captain of the team, Groves carries the responsibility of building strong team camaraderie, which works to the team’s advantage on the running course. According to Groves, doing fun team activities has helped build chemistry between the runners. “As far as responsibility goes, I have two other captains to help me out, and we set up activities for the team on the weekends, like go-karting, mini-golf and other fun team-


Fast and furious | Senior tri-captain Max Groves is ready to begin his final season with the Red.

building things like that,” he said. tion to the title of captain. Nonetheless, Additionally, Groves stressed the impor- Groves said he still sees plenty of room for tance of setting high standards for the team’s improvement in all areas of his game. overall performance. “It’s really about putting myself in a “We like to set goals for the entire team good position in the race and just to try to rather than just ourget better in every category selves, and we like to so I can put myself up into “I have a whole year a higher level of competikeep those goals pretty high, holding ourselves left, and I’m looking to tion,” he said. to a high standard, he Groves said he is espedo even bigger said.” cially excited for this season The traditional role because he thinks the team things.” of a captain is to serve has a lot of talent and great as a liaison between potential. How far it goes is Max Groves players and the coachonly a matter of trying to ing staff, relaying messtay healthy and running sages to the coaches that players don’t feel up to the team’s potential, according to comfortable telling the coaches themselves. Groves. According to Groves, this function will be “We have a lot of potential for success limited because the coaches are very this season but it comes down to what hapapproachable. pens in terms of injuries because there “Our coach is very good at having time always are some, and who will be able to run for everyone on the team, so we do not feel in the races,” he said. “But if we can get like we need to transfer everything from everything together, I think we can have others to the staff. If somebody doesn’t want some very large successes this season.” to say something that’s a little more private, Grover has running talent that he can they can come talk to us, and we’ll help put to good use, but he thinks that his them take care of it as best as they can,” he biggest advantage might be his three years of said. prior experience with the team. Groves had a number of impressive per“One of the biggest advantages I have formances last season. He placed third going into this year is that I’ve run with the among Cornell runners and 37th overall at top tiers of the Ivy League and I’ve seen the NCAA Northeast Regional tournament. what it takes,” he said. “If you see what At the Heptagonal Championships, Groves everyone else is doing, you can try to adjust placed 11th overall and second among the yourself to that elite level and give yourself a Red runners. He was first among all runners chance to win the race.” at the Wisconsin Invitational early in the season. These stand out results earned Ben Horowitz can be reached at Grover a second all-Ivy team spot in addi-

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