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The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 131, No. 135




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Leaves and Stems

Fountain of Youth

Clearing Hurdles

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A Cornell study finds that women faculty are preferred twice as much as men for STEM positions. | Page 10

Daniel Fayad ’18 says While We’re Young is an accessible, refreshing film and “easy to identify with.” | Page 12

Both the women’s and men’s track and field teams had impressive finishes at this weekend’s Penn Relays. | Page 20

Suspicious Device Found on Campus Bomb squad safely removes package from outside Clark Hall By ANNIE BUI Sun Managing Editor


Scooter away | Authorities respond to a report of a suspicious device found outside Clark Hall yesterday.

A suspicious device was found outside of Clark Hall on Cornell’s Central Campus Tuesday afternoon. A Cornell employee approached an officer from the Cornell University Police Department at 2:07 p.m. with a report of a “suspicious package located along Sciences Drive between Clark and Bailey Halls,” according to the University. CUPD, the Ithaca Police Department, Ithaca Fire Department and Bangs Ambulance responded to the scene, according to the University. Authorities were cordoning off the area surrounding the building at approximately 2:40 p.m. As of 4:50 p.m., police and the Endicott Bomb Squad were on the scene with explosive detection dogs. The local bomb squad was able to safely remove the device at 5:35 p.m., according to the University. The device is currently being analyzed at a laboratory, and no further

information is available. Around 6 p.m., the University sent out an alert through its CornellALERT system that the incident had been resolved and the area around Clark Hall reopened, according to the University. Classes were cancelled for the remainder of the day in Clark Hall and in nearby buildings, including the Space Science Building, Savage and Kinzelberg Hall, Olin, Bailey Hall, Baker Laboratory and Newman Hall. CUPD, who is currently investigating the incident, is seeking the public’s help for information regarding the device or any suspicious activity. On April 14, the Endicott Bomb Squad removed a “small, improvised explosive device” from Bartels Hall. However, the University said investigators “have no reason to believe” the two incidents are related. Annie Bui can be reached at

Svante Myrick ’09 Student Activists Investigated by CUPD Zoner: Unrelated to health fee protests in Day Hall, Statler Seeks Reelection For Ithaca Mayor By SOFIA HU

Sun News Editor

By ANDREW LORD Sun Staff Writer

Ithaca Mayor Svante Myrick ’09 announced on his Facebook page Tuesday that he will seek reelection this fall. Myrick, who turned 28 in March, was one of the youngest American mayors in history when he took office in 2011. He said he is seeking reelection because he has brought the City of Ithaca “on the right track” over his four years in office. “Four years ago ... our city was on the brink of fiscal collapse,” Myrick said in the Facebook post. “We were facing an annual structural budget deficit of $3 million, the threat of mass layoffs, huge tax increases and the delay of critical infrastructure investments … [Since then] we've closed the deficit, lowered the tax rate [and] created jobs faster than any community in New York State.” However, Myrick acknowledged that there is still “more work to do” over the next four years. “While our unemployment is low, the cost of housing is too high,” he said. “Our infrastrucMYRICK ’09 ture is still needs more investment. Our city needs an active and effective advocate in Albany and Washington.” Myrick said his dedication to serving the Ithaca community drives him to serve. “I love this city, I love to serve this city and I hope my service can make a difference,” he said. Andrew Lord can be reached at

The Cornell University Police Department is currently conducting a criminal investigation into the activities of student activists, having contacted at least three for voluntary meetings with an investigator. Police contacted student protester Daniel Marshall ’15 on April 15,

asking to speak with him regarding an incident. According to Police Chief Kathy Zoner, CUPD was asked to “conduct a criminal investigation into alleged felonious behavior.” “This investigation does not relate to the conduct of students in the Office of the President on Feb. 9, 2015 nor on March 26, 2015, outside the Board of Trustee meet-

Dozens of Cornellians Hold Die-In on Ho Plaza By RUBIN DANBERG BIGGS Sun Staff Writer

Nearly 100 Cornell students, staff and faculty staged a “die-in” on Ho Plaza Monday in support of the #BlackLivesMatter Movement. During the die-in, participants lied down in order to obstruct the daily course of business and attract attention to their method, event organizers said. Monday’s protests came as Baltimore, Maryland received national attention for riots in response to the death of Freddie Gray, a black man who died in police custody. However, one of the event’s organizers, Noelani Gabriel ’16, said the timing of the die-

in was an “unfortunate coincidence of planning the action exactly during the rebellions in Baltimore following the murder of Freddie Gray.” “However, this makes the topic of police violence and white supremacy more salient,” she said. The Baltimore riots are just the latest in a long string of high-profile incidents in which police officers have allegedly used undue force against black citizens. Gabriel said the event organizers wanted to bring attention to these topics on campus. “It is something we wanted to bring attention to on campus because so often,” Gabriel said. “Conversations about race are ignored or

ings — or inside the open session — at the Statler Amphitheater,” Zoner said. However, the CUPD daily crime log for March 26 lists a pending case regarding an unauthorized use of computer at the Statler Hotel. The summary of the incident reads, “Investigator dispatched to take a See CUPD page 4

The squad


Rachel Zao ’15, Sarah Dellet ’18 and Jayant Mukhopadhaya ’15, a Sun designer, cycle on Ho Plaza Tuesday to raise money for affordable housing with Bike and Build.

avoided,” she said. Bariel went on to express the organizers’ distrust of the University in allowing their protest to continue, citing recent action that the University has taken to quell dissent. “We were wary of announcing the action because of the suppression

of student organizers from the University and its law enforcement arms, which ironically, re-emphasizes the necessity for the rally in the first place,” she said. Gabriel, on behalf of the organizers, further stressed a desire to include See DIE-IN page 4

2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015


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Commemorating the Family of Prophet Muhammad In Indonesia 4:30 p.m., 110 White Hall Going Beyond Skepticism in the Contra Academicos 4:30 p.m, 122 Goldwin Smith Hall Undergraduate Research Poster Session 4:30 - 6 p.m., Duffield Hall Atrium

Tomorrow Real Estate Investment Series 8:30 - 10 a.m., 389 Statler Hall Distinguished Speaker Series — Toby Bozzuto 1 - 3 p.m., 198 Statler Hall Negotiating the Bomb: Nuclear Acquisition Strategies and Proliferation 4 - 5 p.m., 105 Space Sciences Building Challah for Hunger 4:30 - 5:30 p.m., 104 West!

Tater Tots, Comfy Couch Waylay California Burglar PETALUMA, Calif. (AP) — Police say a would-be burglar got sidetracked by snacks and a comfy place to snooze, heating up some tater tots and taking a nap on the sofa of the house he broke into. The San Francisco Chronicle reports that a homeowner in Petaluma went downstairs to find the man asleep on her sofa Thursday. The woman rushed to her bedroom, called police and then ran out the front door. She woke up the man, who fled out the back. Officers parked on the next street spotted him and tried to handcuff him. They used a stun gun on him twice when he resisted. Police say he wasn’t injured. The Placerville man is being held on $30,000 bail and has a criminal history including arrests for drug and weapons possession.

U.S. Lowers Fluoride in Water; Too Much Causing Splotchy Teeth NEW YORK (AP) — The government is lowering the recommended amount of fluoride in drinking water because some kids are getting too much, causing


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white splotches on their teeth. It’s the first change since the government urged cities to add fluoride to water supplies to prevent tooth decay more than 50 years ago. Now, fluoride is put in toothpaste, mouthwash and other products as well. One study found about two out of five adolescents had tooth streaking or spottiness. It’s primarily a cosmetic issue, said Deputy Surgeon General Boris Lushniak, in announcing the new standard Monday. The mineral fluoride is in water and soil. About 70 years ago, scientists discovered that people whose drinking water naturally had more fluoride also had fewer cavities. Grand Rapids, Michigan, became the world’s first city to add fluoride to its drinking water in 1945. Six years later, a study found a dramatic decline in tooth decay among children there, and the U.S. surgeon general endorsed water fluoridation. Today, about 75 percent of Americans get fluoridated water. But adding fluoride was — and has remained — controversial. Opponents argue its health effects aren’t completely understood and that adding it amounts to an unwanted medication. Among the more recent dust-ups: Portland, Oregon, voters rejected a proposal to add fluoride two years ago. Sheridan, Wyoming, this year resumed adding fluoride; the city stopped in 1953 after a referendum.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 3


Students Abroad in Nepal Recount Earthquake Experiences

By PHOEBE KELLER Sun Assistant News Editor

All eight undergraduate and four graduate students studying at the Cornell Nepal program are safe and accounted for in the wake of Saturday’s earthquake, according to Marina Markot, director of Cornell Abroad. Over 5,000 people are now known to have died in the 7.8 magnitude earthquake, as reports emerge of severely damaged villages near the epicenter. Rescuers are still struggling to bring aid to the 8 million people affected, according to The New York TImes. Seven of the eight undergraduate students participating in Cornell Abroad’s program in Nepal are Cornellians and one is from the University of Pennsylvania, Markot said. Each is with a Nepali partner, who are students at Tibhuvan University. Markot said that most of the students studying in Nepal will come home early, but it is “paramount that they come home safe,” describing the many roads that have been destroyed and how regional air traffic has been disrupted. Cornell Abroad is working with the U.S. Embassy in Nepal and the emergency assistance service UHC Global Assist, she said. “All Cornell students and their research partners are safe and were able to report to the Kirtipur staff and their parents shortly after the initial quake,” said Kristen Grace, associate director of Cornell Abroad. Laura Lin ’16, one of the Cornellians studying abroad in Nepal, said she had a “peaceful two weeks” before the earthquake hit, working on conducting qualitative inter-

sparse houses on distant hills, so we didn’t realize the sigviews on the sociocultural perspectives of oral health. “I was visiting a family friend with my Nepali nificance of it until we began hiking back to our homeresearch partner, Sujata, at Begnas Lake near Pokhara stay and saw houses that collapsed into giant piles of when the earthquake struck,” she said. “We just left the stone and rubble,” she said. “Our home was destroyed, house to visit the lake when the ground started trem- too.” bling vigorously and the sound of buildings rattling vioLei said she was extremely relieved to learn that all of lently echoed through the her fellow students studying fields.” abroad in Nepal were safe, Lin said she and Sujata ran but said that after hearing “The ground started trembling to a nearby grass field where her that a village she had visited vigorously and the sound of buildings was home-stay dad and his family destroyed, “the sorrow rattling violently echoed through the huddled together and waited. was indescribable.” “The past few days have “It was the longest 30 secfields.” all blurred together. Where onds of my life,” she said. Ann Lei ’16 I’m currently sheltered, “Luckily, the houses in the area we’ve only recently stopped are new, strongly built and isolated from one another by corn fields. From the bus back receiving aftershocks that have kept us on edge,” she to our village I heard that one man died in a collapsed said. “Nonetheless, I’m grateful for all the support that both I and the entire country are receiving.” mud house.” Lin called the current atmosphere in Nepal “cautious Lin said her house was relatively unharmed, with just a crack in its ceiling, but the aftershock, which occurred but calm,” saying that her house is harboring some neighbors who have nowhere to go. hours later, sent them running back into the fields. “At night, people gather in other houses to watch the “We live on a flat land beside a hill, and I heard many houses collapsed up there but it is unsafe to visit at the news on TV,” she said. “I heard some people also slept moment,” she said. “We experienced around four after- outside together, but others are unwilling for fear of shocks so far that I know of in the area, and each time thieves.” Lin expressed her belief that the people of Nepal will we were able to run out of the house.” Ann Lei ’16, another Cornellian abroad in Nepal, continue to be “amazingly resilient in the face of difficult said she was conducting a focus group interview with her circumstances,” saying she is confident that the country Nepali research partner on a hilltop when the earthquake will recover from this earthquake just as they survived hit. “We were on an isolated hilltop and could only see See NEPAL page 5

Prof. Hod Lipson:Designing Machines That Design Machines By ANDREW LEE Sun Staff Writer

Since arriving at Cornell University in 2001, Prof. Hod Lipson, mechanical and aerospace engineering, has focused on projects that involve robotics, digital manufacturing and artificial intelligence. As the director of the C r e a t i v e Machines Lab, he has worked to design machines that are able to design other machines. “For me, it’s always been the challenge to get computers to be creative,” Lipson said. “It’s one of these things that if you ask most people, that’s the one thing that most people say computers aren’t.” Lipson said he first became interested in creative machines while serving as a design engineer for the Israel Defense Forces. “I would see people trying to be creative, and computers serving as no more than passive drawing boards,” Lipson said. “You have all these amazing computers with 3-D graphics, but they’re not generating any ideas. I always wanted to see if I could push that any further.” At the Creative Machines Lab, Lipson said he is able to do just that. However, being at Cornell and

the Creative Machines Lab is not what Lipson said he envisioned for himself when he was younger. “I actually wanted to create a startup company and have a large impact,” Lipson said. “I didn't want to be in academia working on something small.” However, Lipson said that while he enjoyed creat-

ing new ideas, developing technologies and launching startups, he did not find business management to be as appealing. “It eventually occurred to me that academia was exactly the place, as faculty, where you got to do that,” he said. “You got to create new ideas, develop them initially and launch the start up and then move on to the next exciting thing.” Lipson said he was amazed by the number of students who were involved in research at Cornell and quickly learned that there was difference between stu-


dents who did well in class and students who did well in the lab. “Working on something that might not have a solution makes some people uncomfortable,” he said. “At the same time, you get students that get ideas and persist through the ups and downs of research.” Lipson added that the most important quality of a good researcher was “enthusiasm.” “If they’re enthusiastic about the research, I want to give them a shot,” he “For me, it’s always said.Not enough been the challenge undergraduate at to get computers to students Cornell were be creative.” aware of the research opporProf. Hod Lipson tunities available to them, according to Lipson. “You can learn everything on YouTube so why do you need to go a university at all? The answer is because you can do things like research,” Lipson said. “These hands-on opportunities are sort of the biggest thing you can get at a university that I don’t think you can get by watching videos online.” Currently, Lipson said he engages in a wide array of research endeavors. He works on the 3-D printing of food and human muscls and researches artificial intelligence. Lipson said his field is captivating because of its promising future. “A lot of really exciting technologies are unfolding now and are going to happen in the next 20 to 25 years and are going to change our lives profoundly,” Lipson said. “It’s an awesome time to be alive.” Andrew Lee can be reached at

4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015


CUPD Investigates Fight the Fee Protester Cornellians Nearly 100 faculty sign letter decrying possible intimidation of students by administration,police CUPD

Continued from page 1

report regarding unauthorized access to a computer.” According to a recording obtained by The Sun, when Marshall and a Judicial Codes Counselor voluntarily met with the CUPD investigator at noon on April 21, the investigator questioned Marshall about the preparations the activists had made in advance of the Statler Hall protest, on the night of the 25th. Marshall declined to answer the investigator’s questions, according to the recording. Though CUPD could not confirm the validity of the recording, the JCC who was present at the meeting confirmed its accuracy. “I really cannot believe this Upon confirming that Marshall would and it is deeply upsetting to not answer any me. In my 43 years of questions, the investigator said that if teaching here, I do not recall Marshall did not such a blatant effort to silence cooperate, the ... student political protest investigator would press criminal at Cornell.” charges — specifically a Class D Prof. Isaac Kramnick Felony for burglary and two misdemeanors for tampering with a computer and criminal trespass, according to the recording. The investigator said he believed Marshall entered the amphitheater — which the investigator claimed was locked — and used the computer and projector. The investigator also said he had submitted a grand jury subpoena to Facebook in order to obtain the contact information of the students running the “Save the Pass Coalition” page. On Monday, the student running the page said he received an email from Facebook’s Law Enforcement Response Team, notifying him that “law enforcement [is] seeking information about your Facebook account.” Marshall said he has not received any information about pending criminal charges against him. Within an hour after the roughly 15 minute meeting with Marshall ended, the investigator separately emailed two other

students present at the Statler Hotel protest, asking them to speak with him as witnesses. While one student declined to meet with the investigator, the other — Allison Lapehn ’17 — said she agreed to. Lapehn, along with a lawyer, met with the same investigator on April 23. The investigator also asked Lapehn questions about the activist’s preparatory activities prior to the protest, according to a recording obtained by The Sun. No complaints have been filed about the investigator’s conduct during the investigation, according to Zoner. “Several allegations have been made regarding a current investigation by the CUPD and its interactions with students,” Zoner said. “The two students interviewed by CUPD were asked to meet with us. They scheduled appointments to speak with an officer and were free to leave at any time.” In response to the investigation, 95 faculty members have signed a letter written by Prof. Raymond Craib, history, expressing dismay over the fact that “the central administration and Cornell Police Department may be threatening and intimidating students on the campus.” “A police officer threatening to drag a student from class in handcuffs? ... Flat-footed and heavy-handed: That sums up the actions of the administration and its police force. Is the central administration that insecure?” the letter reads. The letter, which does not mention Marshall by name, calls on the administration to “respond meaningfully” to the students’ questions. “Rather than attack, they would do better to respond meaningfully to the fair and pointed questions being asked of them by the students (and the faculty) regarding still-unexplained deficits, arbitrary fees and the lack of shared governance,” the letter reads. “No more intimidating students. Not in our name.” Prof. Isaac Kramnick, government, who signed the letter, said he was “shocked and upset” over the investigation. “Daniel is one of the brightest students I’ve taught in years and he has been a responsible, political activist over the last several years,” Kramnick said. “I really cannot believe this and it is deeply upsetting to me. In my 43 years of teaching here, I do not recall such a blatant effort to silence and/or punish student political protest at Cornell, and that is probably why faculty are so upset at this development.” Sofia Hu can be reached at

Stage Die-In, Protest Police DIE-IN

Continued from page 1

other minority groups on campus. “We are hoping to continue to raise awareness in an intersectional and inclusive fashion,” she said. “We believe that all black lives matter and in future actions will continue to include black women and black people who identify as LGBTQIA+ or queer.” Rubin Danberg Biggs can be reached at

Students Recall Events After Earthquake NEPAL

Continued from page 3

the major earthquake 80 years ago. “But it breaks my heart to accept the truth that villages and places we have visited in the past are not the same anymore,” Lin said. “Mhanegang, a Tamang village we visited in a five-day study tour, has been completely destroyed — I think around 15 to 20 people died. I don't know if my home-stay family is alive or not.” Lei said she will be returning to the United States as soon as the transportation issues clear up. Nevertheless, she said she learned a great deal from her trip and has faith that the country will recover and be “more majestic than it has ever been.” “Nepal remains a beautiful country with striking landscapes and even more amazing people,” she said. “It seems insane to say this because I’m lucky to be alive at this point, but I’m fortunate to be here.” Phoebe Keller can be reached at

Please Recycle this Paper in one of the recycling bins located on the Cornell Campus.


Gannett Launches New Health Campaign

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 5

Students promote available C.U. resources By DIVYANSHA SEHGAL Sun Staff Writer

Gannett Health Services’ #BeneathTheSurface campaign launched Tuesday in Willard Straight Hall, unveiling approximately 10 posters depicting students and struggles they have faced while at Cornell. The campaign aims to raise awareness of the various resources that Cornell has to offer to overcome those issues, according to Lara Keskinkaya ’15, one of the campaign’s organizers. “The campaign features real Cornell students from different backgrounds, sharing a bit about their real struggles,” said. “Each poster Keskinkaya “Each poster provides provides specific examples of specific examples of the the campus resources that students have used to bolster their campus resources that success and well-being.” students have used to Everyone faces problems bolster their success and and struggles during their time at Cornell, Keskinkaya added. well-being.” “The #BeneathTheSurface campaign is designed to show Lara Keskinkaya ’15 that no matter how good, smart, popular, talented or together we may seem on the outside, each of us lives a complex life, and we all struggle with difficult issues from time to time,” she said. The campaign highlights the fact that Cornellians are “not alone” in the midst of their struggles, according to Samuel Coleman ’15. Tim Marchell ’82, director of mental health initiatives at Gannett Health Services, said he believes the campaign — which puts “real faces to real issues” — will encourage students to not only ask for help when they need it, but also to look out for others. “President David Skorton has said to students on campus that if you learn nothing else while you are at Cornell, please learn to ask for help. And what makes that easier to do sometimes is to know that you are not alone in your struggles,” Marchell said. “This is a really exciting and a very important initiative [not only] to encourage help seeking when it’s needed but also to remind all of us that it’s important to look out for one another.” Carolina Bieri ’16, who attended the kick-off event, said she thought the campaign did a good job of bringing important issues to light. “I think it’s really great in terms of how the posters are set up, because people do say, “I’m fine,” even when there is something beneath the surface,” Bieri said. “And it’s really great that [the campaign] puts a face to the issue ... and it definitely hits home.” Divyansha Sehgal can be reached at

Hundreds Protest Leader Of Japan in San Francisco SAN FRANCISCO (AP) — Hundreds of people protested outside the Japanese Consulate in San Francisco, calling on Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to apologize for his country’s treatment of people from other Asian countries during World War II. Tuesday’s protest comes days before the prime minister is scheduled to visit California, as part of weeklong trip to the United States that includes a State Dinner at the White House. Korean Americans and Chinese Americans at the protest chanted and waved signs. They spoke in both English and Cantonese and held high the South Korean flag. “It’s never too late to apologize because the insult and the wound that had been inflicted by Japan will not be forgotten until there is an apology,” said Peter Li, retired professor of East Asian history at Rutgers University. The Japanese Consulate in San Francisco had no comment. Abe has faced demands that he use this trip to address Japan’s use of tens of thousands of sex slaves during World War II to serve Japanese troops. As many as 200,000 “comfort women” from Korea, China and other countries were forced into the roles. South Korea has demanded a more forthright and complete apology from Abe. At a White House news conference Tuesday after meeting with President Barack Obama, Abe sidestepped a question on whether he would apologize, saying instead that he was “deeply pained” by the suffering of “comfort women.” The activists in San Francisco also called for Japan to compensate “victims of Japanese aggression,” punish officials who deny war crimes and revise how World War II is taught in Japanese textbooks. Japan surrendered 70 years ago this summer, ending the war. Abe is scheduled to address a joint session of Congress on Wednesday. He plans to travel to Silicon Valley and San Francisco on Thursday, where he will meet with California Gov. Jerry Brown, before heading to Los Angeles on Friday.


Behind it all | A student reads a poster that is part of Gannett Health Services’ new #BeneathTheSurface campaign in the Willard Straight Hall Browsing Library Tuesday. Each poster depicts a student and describes the University resources used to overcome his or her personal struggle.

6 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 7


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Blake Brown’17 For Student Trustee OUT OF EACH OF THE CANDIDATES RUNNING for the position of undergraduate student trustee, we believe Blake Brown ’17 has the proper experience and involvement with the student body to best shape Cornell policy as a trustee. We believe that Brown, who is currently an undesignated at-large representative for the Student Assembly, is the strongest candidate to serve as a liaison to advocate for the best needs of Cornell while also representing students. We laud his ability to understand, actively listen to and address the concerns of student groups across campus. As vice president for finance of the Interfraternity Council, Brown has spearheaded a number of initiatives to address issues surrounding Greek life at Cornell by working to investigate the effectiveness of the Quarter System and advocating for inclusivity within the system. And although creating a more engaged dialogue between students and trustees will likely prove difficult, Brown’s ideas for increasing discussions between students and trustees directly are realistic and hold the potential for a larger understanding of University politics among all Cornellians. Yamini Bhandari ’17 is also highly qualified for the position of student trustee. Her work on the S.A. as vice president of outreach and women’s representative provides strong evidence of her commitment to serving as an advocate for the undergraduate body. Still, we believe Brown has shown himself to be the most approachable candidate, which, accompanied by his cross-campus connections and efforts to work with a diverse range of student groups, will make him a more robust student representative and effective communicator to the trustees and administrators than the other candidates. Following frustration from many students over the lack of transparency among administrators, Sam Morrison ’17 presents a platform that could increase the voice of students on the Board of Trustees. However, we find his proposal to increase the number of student trustees serving on the Board unrealistic. With a large portion of his campaign focusing on utopian visions for transparency that are unlikely to gain traction, we cannot support Morrison for student trustee. However, one reservation we have with Brown — as well as the other candidates — is how he will address issues surrounding race and campus culture. Whoever is elected to the position of undergraduate student trustee must engage with minority communities across Cornell and work to address systemic issues, in which students who affiliate with these groups feel less safe on campus compared to their peers. While each candidate could bring a number of different perspectives to the Board of Trustees, we believe that Brown will be able to best represent the overall student body as trustee.


told myself I wouldn’t write about it. After all, this process fostered a constant what-else-can-I-do mentality where work was never quite done. There were more flash cards to make, more concepts to master, more practice questions to review, more tests to take. Hurried dinners. Bananas for lunch. Weekends transitioned into unrecognizable extensions of the week. There were Saturday nights at Carpenter Hall, arguably the gloomiest gathering of individuals in the western hemisphere. Sunday mornings in the Olin stacks — a little bit cheerier. Tuesday night review sessions at the Kaplan test center. Drowsily gazing at the whiteboard during these sessions, I felt like a fish swimming the against forceful current of demands of the Medical C o l l e g e Admission Test. Now, with the exam hopefully forever in my rear view mirror, I anxiously await preliminary percentile results to make their way to my MacBook Pro screen I can’t help but reflect on the test that both tested my resolve to pursue this career path and practically defined the second semester of my junior year. For me, the most significant aspect of taking the MCAT was the decision to take it in the first place. It is one thing to enroll in and learn from the natural science coursework that happens to fall into the pre-med track. They don’t necessarily need to lead into a career in medicine, no less a career in the sciences. Although they come with their fair share of demands, if attacked head on, they can be fulfilling to master. But, whether it is the GRE, LSAT or MCAT, choosing to prepare for and invest time and energy into a given graduate school entrance exam, comes with the implicit assumption that you are, in fact, planning to move forward with that career path. Because who in their right mind would take the MCAT just for the fun of it? As many know, the exam length and format changed starting with this past April’s test date, most notably with the addition of a psychological and behavioral sciences section, which extended the length of the exam to a lean six hours and 15 minutes of “testing time” and seven hours and 33 minutes of “seating time.” So, choosing when and how to prepare for the exam this year was a particularly pivotal decision.

Were you going to cram material to take the last administration of the “old MCAT?” Or were you audaciously willing to serve as a test rat for AAMC’s new vision for the exam? Being from New York City, and having a nostalgic fondness of rats, I decided to wait to take the exam in April. Olin became my fortress of solitude for three months. Admittedly, I could have taken better care of myself in this process. My patchy study beard was out in force and my eating habits could have been used as a case study for a Gannett “unhealthy student behavior” seminar. learned I every nook and cranny of the windowless Asian studies room. My regular presence in the room probably should have warranted some “walk up music” every time I strutted in — I was thinking something along the lines of Nelly’s “Heart of a Champion.” I strengthened a caffeine dependency. Had I anticipated the amount of time I’d spend at Olin, for Hanukkah, I would have requested an IV pole to hang bags of coffee behind my desk. Libe cafe was my respite and the cracklike chocolate cookies were my weekly treat. Side note: If anyone notices that the buffalo chicken wraps at Libe are no longer crunchy from the nondefrosted ice, you have me and my formal complaint to thank. And as test day drew nearer, the nerves climbed to unimaginable levels that not even a “Random Acts of Kindness” Hershey Kiss could diminish. Both the actual test and the preparation that goes into it is a mental and physical marathon. Every so often you may need to check your pulse to make sure you’re still breathing, or cool down with an icy buffalo chicken wrap. Trainers will be there to evaluate your progress and make sure you get “organizized” (I recently watched Taxi Driver — two thumbs up). Sleep is a must, as is a diligent routine. Of all the keys to preparation, though, the most indispensable asset is friends and family, because win or lose, you know that they will be at the finish line to cheer you on.

Had I anticipated the amount of time I would spend at Olin, for Hanukkah I would have requested an IV pole to hang bags of coffee behind my desk.

Philip Susser is a junior in the College of Human Ecology. He can be reached at An Ithaca State of Mind appears on alternate Wednesdays this semester.

Do you have strong opinions about University issues and events? Apply to join The Sun’s Editorial Writing Board. Email for more information.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 9


Sarah Byrne |



Let It Byrne

Learning My Comment of the day Lines

he summer before I started middle school, my best friend moved to Florida. When the “For Sale” sign first appeared in the yard, we knew things were getting serious, and started our plot to get them to stay. Unfortunately, our mastermind plan was to uproot the sign from the lawn and stash it in the basement, next to the family computer, where it was (almost immediately) found. When this measure failed, we promised to refuse to tidy up around the house when the realtor was showing it, yelling loudly in adjacent rooms that “this house stinks” and “who would want to live here?!” In the end though, it was all for naught. The moving trucks came. Boxes were packed and loaded with all the essentials. My best friend duct-taped her life into cardboard cubes. I was the only thing that didn’t fit in the boxes, the only thing left behind. And then, she was gone. And then, I was in sixth grade, the first year at a new school. The lockers were impossible to open unless you spoke Parseltongue; the teachers expected you to have a binder for each class, with tabs down the spine labeled “homework” and “classwork;” everything fit neatly into one or the other. When I came

I used to think my place was in academia, and in a sense, it has been. But for the first time in my life, I feel a sense of belonging outside of my GPA and test scores. home from school on my first day, I was no longer able to run across my yard, splash through the creek and tiptoe across a splintery deck to arrive at her door. I had always been a good student, but from then on, I became even more deeply invested in school. Most of my friends were now new people I had met at school. I assumed, wrongly, that by excelling in school I would be able to make more friends more quickly. It was okay with me, though, because there was an end goal: college admissions. Getting into a good college would mean a life of happiness, academic and personal success. Everything I did was geared towards my future university, consciously or subconsciously. Then I got to Cornell, and it was just as I had always dreamed. Sure, it was difficult, but I had been prepared for that. Everyone here was like me. They cared about things, they openly enjoyed reading books and, most importantly, they liked other smart people. I found people I liked, through hobbies, academics and most importantly theatre. If your mind works anything like mine, you search for the red exit signs the minute you enter a room. You jump every time an alarm clock goes off, because it’s telling you to get up, get a move on, get out of here. On first dates, you imagine grandchildren. I came to Cornell pre-med, imagining the next step was medical school, then internship, etc. As it turns out, there were some unexpected intermediate steps, and it has been a pleasure and a joy to slow down and enjoy them. There is a transition period, when a play has been in rehearsals for a while, where the lines have left the script behind and stumbled onto the stage, but haven’t yet found their footing inside of the actors’ mouths. The actors blunder through the words as best they can, and if they get completely off-track, they call out, “Line!” Then I, the stage manager, tell them exactly what to say. This has trained me to remember their lines, which I also consider my lines, so that I can provide them with the correct phrase at the correct moment as quickly as possible. I know my lines. I used to think my place was in academia, and in a sense, it has been. But for the first time in my life, I feel a sense of belong outside of my GPA and test scores. For the past four years, my nights have been spent lying on theater floors until the sun comes up, hanging lights and ordering pizza, listening to the Next to Normal soundtrack. I fill my life with musical underscores and painted faces and purple lighting. In the coming weeks, as I duct tape all of my own things into cardboard boxes, a part of Cornell will fit into those boxes. A part of freshman orientation memories, a part of pre-med all nighters, a part of dress rehearsals, a part of my personality, a part of me. I belong here, but as I prepare to leave, Cornell also belongs to me. And so, goodbye. Sarah Byrne is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She be reached at Let It Byrne appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

“If students believe that they should have no responsibility to pay for their education, perhaps they should transfer to community college. Obama is trying to make that free.”

Tree Top Re: “Students Declare Independent Union,” News published April 27, 2015

Teresa Kim |

Her Meneutics

At the Bus Terminal W

hen asked how I scared that “You’ve got it as would like to be a much as these other kids.” But part of the Cornell without that bus ride, I would community as an applying have never realized that what I high school senior, I answered, needed was not another news“The Sun.” Journalism was paper to write for — I needed how I defined myself in high to understand that journalism school, how I heaped the acco- was just one of the many ways lades that a school like Cornell to empower those without a looked for in their voice. But first, what was my applicants,and how I saw my voice? And how would I share future — because at that age, that voice with others? you didn’t really see your The students who end up future beyond what you were enrolling at this University already good at. If you were grow up around privilege. Of good at dissecting animals in course, there is the ever apparhigh school, you wanted to ent socioeconomic privilege become a doctor. If you were good at copy editing, I felt like a tadpole in a pond full of designing lay- frog princes, a ruffled-up duck outs, writing among groomed swans. Like Rory snappy ledes and sniffing Gilmore on her first day at Yale, I for good sto- wanted to go home. ries, you went into journalism. Right? that a lot of us censure and Wrong. And wrong I have maybe even protest against on been 161 times over and over Ho Plaza from time to time. again since I came to Ithaca. It But I’m not talking about that. took one bus ride to 139 State I’m talking about the privilege St. for The Sun’s information that all of us have had: the session as a freshman to realize supportive family, the English that I didn’t have “it.” On that teacher who encouraged us to bus were personalities much shoot for the stars, the tenacity more vibrant and wittier than to persevere even though all my own. Everyone already had odds were against us. I had a mental checklist of what been crowdsurfing through they wanted to write about life and on that bus ride, I and who they wanted to inter- realized that I didn’t have a view. Everyone was editor in voice because, after years of chief of their high school pub- not offending, of people-pleaslications and had already writ- ing, of toeing the line, I had ten extensively for professional no grasp of how I wanted to newspapers in their spare time. voice my opinions without In the huddled mass of youth- sounding like I wasn’t voicing ful energy, throwing and someone else’s. I got into receiving intimidating, jour- Cornell, but I had no empathy nalistic jargon, I felt like a tad- towards others, let alone pole in a pond full of frog myself. princes, a ruffled-up duck What did I want? And how among groomed swans. Like did I want others to see what I Rory Gilmore on her first day wanted in this world? These at Yale, I wanted to go home. are the questions I would ask But home was California, myself every time I spent and I had to eventually saddle much too many hours in the up and find my place here, far stacks or received the B when I removed from everything I thought I deserved the A. Will ever knew. Yes I know — I was this A really change the world a lot harder on myself than I or do I just want that honor should have allowed during cord at graduation? Am I that bus ride and many other spending hours in the stacks to times throughout freshman get the A or do I really believe year — and if I could, I would that understanding poststrucwant to tell my freshman self turalist philosophy will make that I had no reason to be the world a better place?

We all entered Cornell with this insurmountable, insuppressible energy to be someone big in this world. But this energy has slipped away for many of us, and it’s okay. You don’t need it. And there’s no need to beat yourself over it. So much has happened these past four years. When I first entered Goldwin Smith Hall, I wanted a J.D.; now I really don’t. The first time I walked into Sage Chapel as a freshman, I was an agnostic; now I’m a Christian. The first time I saw Olin Library, I thought it was a revolting piece of architecture; now it is my second home. And the first time I left The Daily Sun office, I was discouraged; the last time I left, I was getting my columnist picture taken. I’m graduating in a few weeks and this is my last column, and I’m scared like I was on that bus ride freshman year. I guess I know what I’m doing next year, and I should be thankful for it — but I’m scared. I’m scared that I won’t have my friends around me to talk about that night or this show, that dream I had or that I won’t know my way around — that I won’t feel safe. I’ve found safety in Ithaca and now I feel like I am unwillingly being ripped away from a place that I have managed to call home. But I’ve been on this bus ride before and I now know that it only leads me to a place that’ll make me braver, more courageous and loving. Ithaca is my Stars Hollow, and this bus is the campaign bus that’ll take me to who knows where. I don’t have a map and I’ve left my sippy cup behind. All I know is that I’ll be back to visit the home that has given me so much. Bon voyage! Teresa Kim is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at Her Meneutics appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

10 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2014





C.U. Psychologists: In Some STEM Fields, Women Faculty Preferred Over Men 2:1


By KATHLEEN BITTER Sun Senior Writer

While the conventional wisdom for decades has been that women have a harder time being recognized and hired in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields, a new study from Cornell’s College of Human Ecology has found that across biology, engineering, economics and psychology, female candidates are preferred two to one for faculty positions by current faculty members. “For a long time, two seemingly inconsistent phenomena sat side-by-side and no one seemed to notice or care,” said Prof. Wendy Williams, human development, the lead author of the study. On one hand, Williams said, there are commonlyreported experiments showing the sexist hiring practices that result in the devaluation of the accomplishments and credentials of female applicants when compared to male applicants. On the other hand, there are real-world hiring studies that look at statistics on who is applying and who is being hired for positions in academia, and these studies are finding that, while fewer women apply from academic jobs, they are more likely to be hired. To complete the study, Williams and Prof. Stephen Ceci, developmental psychology, surveyed 873 tenuretrack and tenured faculty members across all 50 states and the District of Columbia about their hiring preferences. In the main experiment, 363 faculty members were given narratives of male and female applicants for faculty positions where the applicant had a similar lifestyle to the faculty member completing the survey — that is, married faculty with no children were evaluating married candidates with no children, or single parents were evaluating single parents. The survey found that both genders preferred female applicants two to one across fields, with the sole exception of male economics faculty, who had no gender preference. Ceci and Williams also looked at gender preferences in senior faculty versus younger faculty members and found no difference between the age groups. Additionally, they said they expected more pro-women attitudes at smaller liberal arts colleges, but large schools showed the same female preference as smaller colleges. In subsequent surveys, faculty were asked to evaluate applicants with different lifestyles, to evaluate female candidates who had or had not taken maternity leave in graduate school, and to rank CVs instead of evaluating narratives. To understand the rationale behind the methodology, one has to understand the faculty hiring process. According to Ceci, faculty in most universities are eligible to be on a hiring committee “from the day you’re hired as an assistant professor.” Williams used the Department of Human Development to describe the usual faculty hiring process. “There are many different subfields in our department,” she said. “So for instance there’s neuroscience … I wouldn’t be able to evaluate a full CV of a neuroscientist. I wouldn’t know what to look for. And so what we do is we have a search committee, and those are experts in the subfield of the discipline. They evaluate the actual CVs that get sent in.” The search committee will then create a shortlist of the

better applicants — as many as 300 applications may addressing whether the advantage is due to the fact that come in for a single position — and explain who is better they’re just superb women [rather than] that women are qualified based on their accomplishments and publications just preferred,” Williams said. to the greater faculty, according to Williams. Williams and Ceci used the lifestyle similarities and dif“What we tried to do with the narratives was to develop ferences to test another common belief about prejudices materials that would work across fields in our study, and in within gender. a way that would hold constant certain aspects of quality “There is a lot of literature that suggests there is prejuwhile allowing individual faculty to fill in for themselves dice against divorced mothers,” Williams said. “And that which journals the person was publishing in,” Williams there are advantages to married men with kids and a stay said. “Because you could never use a single CV for hiring at home wife.” across different fields, and different types of institutions. The study found that women actually show preference What we did captured a portion of the hiring process.” for a divorced mother of two over an equally-qualified The narratives allowed faculty members within differ- married father of two about 70 percent of the time, while ent fields or at differently-sized institutions to interpret the men prefer to hire the married father of two. The worstsame level of competence of a candidate without Williams case scenario for hiring preference, according to Ceci, was and Ceci having to specify journals, institutions, and expe- to be a divorced father. rience in CVs for each individual field and institution. Another difference between the genders was found Williams and Ceci’s paper, published in the when evaluating female applicants who took a one-year Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, also maternity leave in graduate school. emphasizes that surveys of actual hires have shown that “Male faculty really preferred women who, if they had there has been a preference for women in academia since a baby, took a leave,” Williams said. “And the women the 1980s. didn’t. We think that men say, ‘Well, when I have kids I “We reviewed eight large-scale, real-world studies, and want my wife to take a leave.’ And I think women say, they almost always showed that fewer women typically ‘Well you know what? I didn’t take any one year leave apply for the when I had my kids.’” jobs, but if they According to apply, a higher Williams and percentage of Ceci, female faculthem actually “We’re not saying there’s ty members tend get the jobs,” to worry about no sexism — there is Ceci said. hurting their According to careers by taking sexism still, but not in the maternity leave, if encouraged hiring process for tenure- even by college administration. Williams track professors.” herself did not take the maternity Prof. Wendy Williams leave offered when she had children, Ceci, the assumption although she said has been repeatedly made she believes the environment is improving and more that while fewer women women are feeling comfortable with taking a leave. were applying to faculty Williams compared the evolution of feelings towards jobs, the “super women” hiring women in academia to the shift in general attitudes were applying. So a female about gay marriage over the last 30 years. In both cases applicant would be on aver- there has been a large change in the way people feel, but age more qualified for a no one is talking about the more positive hiring environCECI position than a male appli- ment for women in academia. cant and therefore more likely “The evolution of values about women seems to be to be hired. harder for some people to acknowledge,” she said. “And “That’s why we did the experiment,” Ceci said. “Not to we’re not saying there’s no sexism — there is sexism still — see how real hiring committees would do, cause that’s been but not in the hiring process for tenure-track professors. done. It’s been done all over the country and we described We feel like it’s good to acknowledge where we’ve made that in the online supplement that accompanied our arti- progress so that we can tell women [they] may have an cle. But to say, is it really the case more women are hired advantage right now, and we want to focus on where there because they’re stronger? Or is it because faculty value gen- are still problems, and solve them.” der diversity?” Williams and Ceci said they are planning more studies The narratives allowed Williams and Ceci to hold com- in the future about gender dynamics in academia, includpetence at a constant level to find out if there was a pro- ing how graduate students think about faculty hiring decifemale bias that was solely based on gender. sions and how different advice is given to males and “If [people] knew that these large scale audit-type stud- females trying to achieve tenure. ies of hiring [have] already showed for years and years women have had an advantage, it makes it easier for them Kathleen Bitter can be reached at to see the importance of our study in the context of

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2014 11


Weill Researchers Connect Brain Damage Severity to Lesion Location By SUZY PARK Sun Staff Writer

For years, researchers have used tractography — the tracing of white matter, or brain tissues largely composed of nerve fibers — to understand brain injuries. Despite its ability to provide in-depth insight into the human brain, tractography has a major drawback — it requires using high quality, high-resolution scans that cannot always be acquired. In order to address this issue, as well as detect brain damage severity based “only on a person’s lesion area,” Weill researcher Prof. Amy Kuceyeski, mathematics, has led the development of a new computational method called the Network Modification (NeMo) tool.

The general idea of the NeMo tool is to “quantify the relationship between the brain and the end behaviour at an organism level,” according to Kuceyeski. The tool co-registers an anatomical MRI of a patient’s brain — which shows where the tissue is lesioned and where it is not — to a common space and looks at how the lesion will disrupt the white matter connections in the brain. The information is then used to provide brain lesion patients more accurate prognoses. Kuceyeski’s research with the NeMo tool has been primarily focused on Multiple Sclerosis and ischemic stroke — medical conditions in which brain lesions are “highly circumscribed,” or concentrated in a specific area. Even among the M.S. and stroke

Mindful connections | The diagram below depicts an example of ischemic stroke disrupting the brain — the green area represents the initial lesion, while red represents areas of damaged connectivity. COURTESY OF AMY KUCEYENSKI

patients, however, the NeMo tool has varying accuracies in prediction, depending on the complexity of the

Kuceyeski said. The current project, according to Kuceyeski, is “trying to predict longitudinal outcomes,” or

“One of the big messages of the NeMo tool is that quantification can help medical diagnoses and treatments.” Prof. Amy Kuceyenski impairment. “If you have [a lesion affecting areas] like language or motor, that we know maps to a specific area and a specific area only, then it is very easy to tell if there is going to be an impairment or not,” Kuceyeski said. “But if you have something more complex [that affects] cognitive processes or activities of daily living, then it is a little harder to predict because these behaviours engage many different areas of the brain.” The NeMo tool has been used to study other conditions as well. “There was a preliminary version of the tool that was used on alcohol dependence,” Kuceyesk said. “We also looked at Alzheimer’s and frontotemporal dementia in the context of white matter injury.” So far, the NeMo tool has not been used in clinical settings and remains only as a research tool. However, there is significant progress on the way in “predicting outcomes of stroke in six to twelve months follow up,”

predicting the course of white matter injuries over a long period of time. “One of the big messages of the NeMo tool is that quantification can help medical diagnoses and treatments,” Kuceyeski said. “Quan tification is one way that we can understand biological processes, and it is especially important in the brain because it is such a complicated and complex system. The NeMo tool makes the process of prognosis more accurate and more robust.” Eager to “apply mathematical principles and models to physical phenomena,” Kuceyeski said she hopes to use the NeMo tool to “try and quantify neurological observations in order to improve diagnoses and prognoses.” According to Kuceyeski, she looks forward to pursuing Food and Drug Administration approval for the NeMo tool and using it in clinical areas in the future. Suzy Park can be reached at

12 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Wednesday, April 29, 2015


ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT Growing Pains: While We’re Young DANIEL FAYAD Sun Contributor

While We’re Young, the latest of Noah Baumbach’s films, is now showing at Cinemapolis. This film, for many, is Noah Baumbach’s (writer/director of Frances Ha, The Squid and The Whale and some other indie films) transition to mainstream cinema, since with this film he now seems to aim to appeal to a wider audience with a more approachable light comedy. Josh (a surprisingly great Ben Stiller) is a filmmaker with great potential that focuses on documentaries. His wife, Cornelia (Naomi Watts), is a film producer and the daughter of a really successful documentarian. They hang out with other couples in their same age group (early 40s) doing middle-aged couple stuff like going to quiet coffee shops and talking about their friends’ babies. Watts and Stiller have amazing chemistry, and even though Naomi is not known for playing comedic roles often, she is a natural. The comedy feels inherent of the situation, the result of the genuine clumsiness of growing up. It almost feels like they’re going through a second puberty. Josh and Cornelia seem satisfied with their lives of going to sleep before 11 p.m. until after one of Josh’s lectures he meets Jamie (Adam Driver) and his wife Darby (Amanda Seyfried), a young couple so full of energy that it makes Josh and Cornelia realize how far away the past is now. This is where the film gets interesting, by having the characters constantly engaging in conversations that range from comedic pop-culture references to philosophy and nostalgia. Slowly, the characters realize that time doesn’t really slow down and



opportunities are missed all the time. This is where the everything and loses cohesion, similarly to Noah film succeeds the most: It develops interesting charac- Baumbach. The third act of the film seems to change in style. Characters talk less and there’s more drama ters with whom it’s easy to empathize. Adam Driver is excellent as Jamie, the young, mar- going on, which is a shame because the most interestried, ambitious filmmaker. ing part of the film is the characters and their interacHis character seems gen- tions. This is why the film might appear more accessiuine and energetic thanks ble for wider audiences, or not as “profound” as his earto a powerful performance lier works, which might have lead to less acclaim. full of detailed clothing Personally, even though it might not be like Frances and hand movements. Ha, Baumbach’s charm is still there and he is able to Smooth, charming and deliver a good “mainstream” comedy film with his style intriguing, he is very simi- included. The film tells a story about nostalgia and missed lar to the smaller part that opportunities. It is an honest film, one that is not he had in Frances Ha. afraid to tell There is a the truth about scene in which While We’re Young how most peoJamie lends his ple feel when headphones to Directed by Noah Baumbach have a Josh as he plays Starring Ben Stiller, Naomi Watts, they baby, or their “The Eye of the Adam Driver, e x p e c t a t i o n s Tiger” in hopes about marriage of getting him Amanda versus their inspired, to Seyfried actual situawhich he tion. It is wellresponds, “I directed and remember when edited, squeezthis song was just considered bad.” The film ing every little hint of humor to the final cut. Most is like that — it takes a importantly, we get an amazing screenplay so genuine journey through time in a and innocent that it gets you inside the characters nostalgic way, but it man- minds. From Josh trying to fit in with the younger ages to be accompanied by couple making silly voices to Josh and Cornelia trying comedic lines without to convince themselves that not having a baby lets becoming too overwhelm- them be more spontaneous, the dialogue is pitch pering or interrupting the fect. Not everything is told explicitly, but the dialogue flow of the narrative. In a is so well-crafted that you always seem to have an idea similar way, it makes you of that they really hide behind what they’re really saythink about what it really ing. While We’re Young is a refreshing film, not just a regmeans to get old; it doesn’t just happen when you ular romantic comedy. Noah Baumbach has created a enter middle age, since funny and intellectual, yet accessible film that reminds Darby talks about how you how exciting life is, even if your definition of excitoften she thinks about ing changes over time. It is a film to be embraced with an open mind. For some people it might still be too that. The main flaw in the obscure and melancholy; for others, it might be a film film is, interestingly that wants to appeal to wider audiences but ends up enough, the resemblance falling halfway between indie and mainstream. I think that the director has with it is neither of those — it is a film that finds its own the protagonist. While path, and though maybe not the finest of Baumbach’s Josh spends 10 years in films, it is certainly unique, easy to identify with, search of “the truth,” or funny and ingenious. trying to find a path for his documentary to follow, he Daniel Fayad is a freshman in the College of Engineering. He can ends up mixing in a bit of be reached at


Wednesday, April 29, 2015 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | 13

Alabama Shakes Sound & Color ATO

TE S T S P I N S new and notable O music in review OO O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O O






Jael Goldfine We learned that Alabama Shakes knew how to play Memphis soul and southern blues rock — and play it well — on their 2012 debut, Boys & Girls. We learned frontwoman Brittany Howard had a tour-de-force, hurricane of a voice and we learned that these kids from Nowhere, Alabama had a gritty, aw-shucks charisma and an old-soul-meets-modern-rock sound that earned them gushing accolades and a Grammy in the same year. It was unclear, however, whether the fledgling group would find a coherence beyond the gorgeous shock value of Howard’s shrieks and croons and the novelty of a niche throwback sound in this musical climate. Their latest release, Sound & Color, seems to settle this question; Alabama Shakes are more than niche; they are more than a novelty. The album shimmies between decades and genres, sampling from soul, groove-rock, gospel, blues, punk, electric rock, bluegrass and folk; embracing motifs and honoring the traditions that so evidently inform their sound from each genre, but executing their own creative and exciting forms of them. The creative spectrum of the record finds cohesion in its chaos — no song sounds like another, but somehow each track leads fittingly into the next. Classic rock “Shoegaze” evokes Led Zeppelin or the Rolling Stones while punk-infused “The Greatest” reeks of The Strokes. “Dunes” is a tambourine-shaking, psychedelic, Dr. Dog-ish number, while on stand-


out tracks “Miss You” and “Don’t Wanna Fight,” Howard switches between howling like Janis Joplin and crooning like Etta James, with the latter track featuring a Bee Gees-esque chorus riff. Acoustic, soft, guitar-patting “This Feeling” is a welcome break from the power rock, gospel and soul of the rest of the album. Title track “Sound & Color’s” layering of breathy experimental gospel over lounging southern rock with swelling strings proves to be colorful indeed. Finally, “Gemini” takes us back to a bluesy era of funk that feels just a bit long-winded and out of place at six minutes long. As it should, the album centers around and caters to Howard’s cacophonous, mighty voice. And while on Boys & Girls it seemed that sometimes her belt would crescendo to a blindly forceful climax, on Sound & Color, it is visible that she has found complete control over her almost savagely powerful vocals. We see her range from falsetto to playful raspy croon, to primal scream, to softer cadences and registers. And of course, her ability to fill her words unbridled emotion and cracking heartbreak is unparalleled by most of her peer vocalists. However, while the album might sell for its vocals, guitarist Heath Fogg, bassist Zac Cockerell and drummer Steve Johnson are more than just background music for Howard, clearly possessing great mastery of the homegrown roots rock; warm foot-tapping big bass lines and taught guitar riffs make them heard behind the vocals.






The Shakes do not sacrifice quality of their lyrics for their composition, or merely fill up blank cliches with their huge sound. Howard sings words of a poetic wisdom beyond her 25 years. They are filled with candid heartbreak and clever cheek, like, “I don’t know whose turn it is / I don’t know whose fuck to give,” and often, there is such affecting warmth in her voice that she doesn’t need to say much more than a simple line like, “And it feels so nice / to know I’m gonna be alright.” It’s an album making sense of itself, marveling at life’s idiosyncratic joys and seeking comfort from turmoil and stresses. It’s light, human stuff, but not trivial, and a relatable invitation to the listener to join Alabama Shakes in their celebration or agonizing. Sound & Color is an electrifying and creative album, offering the same anthemic roots rock and recapturing of Memphis sound that made us fall in love with the Alabama Shakes on Boys & Girls, and more. The group plays around with their own huge talent, taking risks, funnelling it into different mediums and trying on different genres. There’s nothing kitschy or token, nothing gimmicky or ironic about their gospel or their blues, and they package their revival sound into modern rock and roll that is more exciting that pretty much any other drums-and-guitar-based rock being made at the moment. Jael Goldfine is a sophomore in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at

The Ballad of a Columnist: My Love Affair With Pop Culture


’ve spent my senior year obsessing over a man with flowing locks of hair and a steely glint in his eye. The man is Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun, the subject of my honors thesis in history. He once wrote, “I knew a very wise man who believed that if a man were permitted to make all the ballads, he need not care who should make the laws of a nation.” It seems fitting that after having devoted so much time to Fletcher, he should open my final column for this publication. Though I read nearly everything ol’ Andy Fletcher wrote ten times over while writing my thesis, that particular sentiment (which had very little to do with my argument) struck a chord. In 1703, Fletcher vindicated my love of popular culture and stated the reason why COURTESY OF DAVID LAUDER

I’ve been writing this column in the Arts & Entertainment section of The Sun since my freshman year: Because whether you like it or not, arts and entertainment have an audience. They have power. The silly bits of fluff we use to make our days brighter are more than just fluff. Amy Schumer’s show makes issues like sexual assault accessible to Comedy Central’s target demographic of 19-year-old boys. Mad Men, in dissecting workplace and family dynamics of the 1960s, calls on us to question how far we’ve come since then, if things have changed at all. Taylor Swift is the symbol of our generation. I could go on. I could discuss Oscar Wilde, who said comedy was the only way to tell the truth without being killed, or Noël Coward, who wrote, “Extraordinary how potent cheap music is.” I could cite more academic sources about the sociological implications of Hill Street Blues or Gilmore Girls, but I’ll spare you. Like many of my peers, I have grown/changed/matured in the last four years. I didn’t always understand the broader implications or context of the things about which I wrote or have the academic background to make accurate claims. For example, I will be perpetually embarrassed about a movie review I did of The Rum Diaries my freshman year, which I gave a scathing review. I was shamefully ignorant of Hunter S. Thompson’s writing and completely missed that everything I disliked about the film was essential to Thompson’s point of view. I was nowhere near qualified to be able to write that review: a fact that did not stop me. Nothing, or rather no one, has ever stopped me — not any of my wonderful editors (Joey Anderson ’12, James Rainis ’14, Zachary Zahos ’15, Daveen Koh ’13, Arielle Cruz ’15, Sam Bromer ’16, Kaitlyn Tiffany ’15, Sean Doolittle ’16, Mike Sosnick ’16 and Jael Goldfine ’17), nor any of my readers (my mother, my father, my sister, my grandmother and hopefully my editors). That freedom has allowed me to make mistakes, but it has also allowed me to write completely unselfconsciously about what I love.

And I love pop culture. I love Tig Notaro and Liz Lemon, I love Nicki Minaj and Galaxy Quest. It would be very easy to separate my love of these things from my academic experience at Cornell, but if being a student of the humanities has taught me anything, it’s that you cannot separate art from its context. Being a history major also came in very handy at Chapter House trivia (RIP). I recognize that citing an obscure 17th century Scottish pamphleteer to justify columns I’ve written about Clueless and Mallomars is a bit pretentious, but would this really be a column in the Arts section if it weren’t a little bit pretentious? And of course I would be lying if I said the only reason I love pop culture was its relationship with society and its ability to influence. Recently Scott Aukerman, who hosts the podcast Comedy Bang Bang, recounted a conversation he’d Carrot Top had with Harris Confessions Wittles shortly before Wittles passed away in February. As they were talking about Louis C.K. and all the complicated and weighty subjects he tackles with his comedy and how comedy can be used to reveal truths, Wittles said to Aukerman, “Yeah, but sometimes motherfuckers just want to laugh.” I stand by Andrew Fletcher. The ballad-makers have an important role in society. But sometimes we just want to laugh. It has truly been a pleasure writing this column for the last four years. I hope that I’ve been able to provide a modicum of insight or amusement into your lives. And if not, well, you don’t have to put up with me any longer. My final words of wisdom: Read novels, read 17th century political commentary, watch movies, watch TV, eat junk food, eat the Cambodian food at the Farmer’s Market, have fun. There’s no such thing as a guilty pleasure.

Julia Moser

Julia Moser is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She can be reached at Carrot Top Confessions runs alternate Fridays this semester.


14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Senate electee 7 RussiaManchuria border river 11 Simile center 14 Esoteric 15 Without help 16 Amendments 1-10 subj. 17 *Knave in a black suit 19 Prefix with state 20 Maldives landform 21 Taxi pickup 22 Corrosive compound 23 Tofu source 24 *Griddle-cooked corn bread 26 By way of 28 Former Yankee manager who’s now an MLB exec 29 Comedy team who voiced the Piel Brothers of beer fame 35 Things to avoid 37 Goya’s year 38 *Symbol of nakedness 40 Clinker in a Glas 41 India’s first prime minister 43 Pulitzer-winning WWII journalist 45 Learns 47 Casual day, perhaps: Abbr. 48 *Like a wellmade lock 52 Low-__ diet 56 Big name in elevators 57 N.Y. commuter line with a Hempstead Branch 58 Malia’s sister 59 Flight-tracking fig. 60 With “The,” postprime time fare since the ’50s, four of whose regular hosts appear in sequence in the answers to starred clues 62 Craving 63 Some Alcan Highway pumps 64 Email again

65 Soon-to-be grads: Abbr. 66 Afterwards 67 “__ End”: 1970’71 Streisand hit

31 Dvorák and Smetana 32 Deli option 33 Like many dicts. 34 Feminine force 36 Kalamazoo-toCincinnati dir. 39 Jazz solo 42 Lambs’ kin 44 Artist who had a Blue Period 46 Jumping-inpuddles sound

48 Young hoppers 49 Car wash cycle 50 Hunter seen at night 51 Kin of gov 53 Pale 54 French wine region 55 Off-color 58 Editor’s mark 60 Vietnamese holiday 61 Billing nos.

DOWN 1 Subjects of two Goya paintings 2 Muse for Millay 3 Kelley’s “Star Trek” role 4 Syrup-topped pastry 5 Organic ANSWER TO PREVIOUS compound 6 One who whistles while he works 7 God of Islam 8 Grieve 9 Not having yielded 10 Hi-__ image 11 Ed Norton player 12 Drill successfully 13 Parenthetical comment 18 Fiscal exec 22 Phobia lead-in 24 Actress Pinkett Smith 25 Over there 27 Strain or sprain 29 Interdict 30 Game that’s close to perfect




Sun Sudoku


#55: There Are No Strings On Me

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Standard Rate: $3.40 per day for first 15

words, 32 cents per day per word thereafter. Five or more consecutive insertions, $3.15 per day for first 15 words, 30 cents per day per word thereafter.

Fill in the empty cells, one number in each, so that each column, row, and region contains the numbers 1-9 exactly once. Each number in the solution therefore occurs only once in each of the three “directions,” hence the “single numbers” implied by the puzzle’s name. (Rules from /Sudoku)

Circles and Stuff

Commercial Rate: $5.20 per day for first 15 words, 33 cents per day per word thereafter. Five or more consecutive insertions, $5.00 per day for first 15 words, 31 cents per day per word thereafter. The Sun is responsible for only one day makegood on ads.


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16 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015


Royals Drop Indians To Worst Record in AL

CLEVELAND (AP) — Kendry Morales’ three-run homer capped a six-run seventh inning and the Kansas City Royals beat the Cleveland Indians 11-5 on Tuesday night. Kansas City’s big inning came after Cleveland had taken a 5-3 lead on Brandon Moss' three-run homer in the sixth. Alcides Escobar’s two-run double off Scott Atchison (0-1) tied the game. Escobar scored the go-ahead run from second on Mike Moustakas’ infield hit and Morales later hit his third homer of the season to dead center off Bryan Shaw. Brandon Finnegan (1-0) picked up his first career win despite allowing Moss’ home run. Alex Gordon homered and drove in two runs for the Royals, who had a season-high 18 hits. Cleveland manager Terry Francona met with his team for a pep talk following Monday’s defeat, but the Indians lost for the eighth time in 11 games. Cleveland (6-13) has the worst record in the American League and the worst home mark (1-6) in the majors. Trevor Bauer, who missed his scheduled start Saturday because of food poisoning, allowed three runs in six innings, but Cleveland's bullpen gave up eight runs over the final three innings. Gordon’s leadoff homer in the second gave Kansas City the lead. Michael Bourn’s two-run single in the bottom of the inning put Cleveland ahead. Omar Infante’s single tied the game in the fourth before Gordon’s single in the sixth put the Royals ahead. Kansas City’s go-ahead run in the seventh came after Escobar’s double tied the game. Moustakas’ high chopper was fielded by first baseman Carlos Santana, but pitcher Mark Rzepczynski missed the bag covering first. Escobar kept running and slid home as catcher Brett Hayes failed to hold on to the ball. Finnegan, who pitched well down the stretch for the Royals last season after being called up from the minors, allowed one run in one inning. Chris Young, Jason Fraser and Yohan Pino all worked a scoreless inning. Royals starter Jeremy Guthrie allowed four runs in five-plus innings. TRAINER’S ROOM Royals: RHP Greg Holland (right pectoral strain) could be activated off the DL when he is eligible on May 3. The two-time All-Star closer threw 15 pitches off a mound before the game. Holland played catch Sunday and Monday with no pain.


Following Quake, Mt.Everest to Close Avalanche on mountain kills at least 18 SEATTLE (AP) — All climbers on the Nepal side of Mount Everest have left the mountain and the climbing season is over following a deadly earthquake that left thousands dead in Nepal and dozens of climbers killed or injured after an avalanche swept across the basecamp area, according to guiding companies and individual climbers. Teams attempting to climb the north side of Everest, the Tibet side, were called back to basecamp over the weekend and were holding discussions with Chinese officials about whether any summit attempts will be possible in the remaining weeks of the spring climbing season, according to Adrian Ballinger, a guide for the Olympic Valley, California-based Alpenglow Expeditions. Eric Simonson with International Mountain Guides said their team came down with others on the Nepal side who had been trapped above the Khumbu Icefall, which was impassable after the avalanche swept away a fixed route through that section. “These will be the last of the climbers on the mountain,” he said in a Monday blog post. The avalanche on Everest killed 18 and injured dozens happened after Saturday's magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed more than 4,000 people. Climber and “Everest” filmmaker David Breashears “The next climbing on and his GlacierWorks team Everest is a year away had descended to basecamp and right now we’re and on Tuesday were cleaning the site before returning to more focused on Nepal Kathmandu later in the week, and taking care of the said Ellen Golbranson of the company. Breashears was communities that are there to document changes to there.” Himalayan glaciers. “David and his team are Gordon Janow collectively working with the small number of remaining teams to clean/collect debris, recover equipment and personal effects strewn hundreds of meters across Base Camp by the hurricane force wind air blasts caused by the avalanche,” she said in an email. Most Everest summits occur between May 10 and 20, so it’s too late to think about trying to go back up the mountain this year before the monsoon season, said Gordon Janow, director of programs at Seattle-based Alpine Ascents International. Their team was airlifted from Camp One to basecamp and are preparing to leave the region, although some may stay behind to help with disaster relief, he said. As far as climbing on Everest again, he said that’s too far out to think about. “The next climbing season is a year away and right now we're more focused on Nepal and taking care of the communities that are there,” he said. Every year hundreds of people attempt to scale the world’s tallest mountain, with many paying tens of thousands of dollars to guide companies that attempt to get them to the 29,029-foot summit. Rainier Mountaineering Inc. guide Dave Hahn described the scene coming off the mountain as orderly but urgent as people were flown down by helicopters. “Eventually there were four or five birds in the air at any time, flying a dramatic loop from BC to Camp One to BC,” he said in a blog post. What they saw when they returned was devastating. “We’d put down at the epicenter of a disaster and we could barely believe our eyes,” he said. Hahn said their season is done and they’re headed home. “We’ve come to the inescapable conclusion that Everest summit for 2015 is out of reach for our team,” Hahn said on the team’s blog. “Besides the rather obvious and glaring philosophical difficulties of pursuing a recreational venture in the midst of a national and local disaster, there are the on-the-ground mountaineering realities that will not permit us to look upward again. We have no viable route through the Khumbu Icefall and the Earth is still shaking.” Most climbers at this point in the season would be building a route to Camp 4, rather than Camp 1, he said. “We’ll put our efforts into an organized and safe retreat from the mountain,” he said.

Don’t get thejoke?

There isn’t one. Read the comics.

The Corne¬ Daily Sun

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 17

18 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015


One Visit to Cornell Changed Archer’s Mind

Passionate about football and teaching, being a football coach was always perfect for David Archer ’05 senior season, Archer earned the Enzo Montemurro Archer loved teaching, but he said he did not want to be Award for leadership and selflessness and the Jaime stuck in a classroom, so he began to look for jobs comMcManamon Award, given to a senior for hard work bining his pasand diligence in strength and conditioning. The plaques sions. the University of Rochester, Archer checked his answer“Doesn’t this just feel “I thought it ing machine, which had messages from three schools, given to him his senior year still hang on the wall of his office. Lafayette, more like home?” Archer’s would be really But after his last seacool to help Harvard and father told him. “Doesn’t people and do son playing collegiate Cornell. football, Archer said he this just feel like the blue- it with foot“It was like ball,” Archer wasn’t quite sure what w h o a , ” collar Ivy? People with an said. “I applied he wanted to do with Archer said. earn-it type mentality.” to be the defenhis life. During his “That's what sive coordinasearch for jobs after happens. tor at Fairleigh graduation, Archer was Recruiting is introduced to the Dickinson [University], the head coach at Binghamton not an exact “Teach for America” High School and both looked promising.” science. But at his core, Archer wanted to be back at Cornell, by his girlprogram That's why I friend at the time, who and he would do anything to coach for his alma mater. tell the guys I said he’d be a great fit At a Cornell football event in New York City, he was set recruit now. for the program. up to sit next his former coach, Knowles. There, he isn’t No Similar to his initial expressed his interest in coaching for the Red. always final. “If it is something you want to do, maybe go volunreaction to Cornell, Everyone told teer at a high school,” Knowles said. “But if you're really Archer hesitated. me no.” “I was like, no, I serious, call and let me know.” After makArcher called Knowles not long after second-round don’t want to be a ing visits to teacher,” Archer said. interviews with Fairleigh Dickinson and Binghamton Lafayette and “She showed me more High School. Over the phone, Archer made a promise Harvard, about it and I thought to Knowles, a vow similar to the one he made Harvard Archer and it was kind of cool, so I when he was getting recruited as a high schooler. father his “If you could get me something there,” Archer told applied to it and got made the trip the phone interview, Knowles, “I would drop everything to come to work at JOON LEE / SUN ASSISTANT SPORTS EDITOR to Cornell. then got the in-person Cornell.” The official A talent for teaching | Out of college, Archer spent two years in the Knowles called him back an hour later with a job interview and then I visit on cam- “Teach for America” program, teaching fourth and eighth graders. offer. accepted into it.” was pus began to “He had a minimum-wage, below-the-poverty line The program change his required a two-year commitment. During his time with type of job to come up here and be a grunt and change perspective of the University. “It was not what I had in my head,” Archer said. “I the program, Archer taught eighth-grade writing during the lightbulbs,” Archer said. “I said I would take it.” And with a blue-collar coaching job, David Archer met the players that were on the team and they just felt his first year and became a general began his time on the Cornell football coaching staff. more at home there, not that there is anything wrong fourth-grade with any other places.” Archer’s father made a profound observation of the teacher his secJoon Lee can be reached at ond year. school during the visit. “Doesn’t this just feel more like home?” Archer’s father told him. “Doesn’t this feel like the blue-collar Ivy? People with an earn-it type mentality.” And from there on out, Archer said he did not want to play football or go to school anywhere else. When Harvard accepted Archer, he said no and told him he was going to play for Cornell. DeStefano said he later recognized Archer fit the personality profile that Cornell was looking for. “[Archer] was our type of guy, blue-collar,” DeStefano said. “He just fell in love with the place and meshed with this type of mentality and it worked out very well for him” From there, Archer began to flourish. DeStefano remembers Archer being the ultimate team player. When the team needed more offensive linemen, DeStefano asked Archer to switch from defense. Archer made the switch without any hesitation. “Some guys would say that they wouldn’t JOON LEE / SUN ASSISTANT SPORTS EDITOR really want to play this, but he was all in for team,” DeStefano said. “Whatever would help A born leader | David Archer’s leadership and diligence made him the team.” stand out during his tenure as an offensive lineman for the Red. For his efforts on the squad during his ARCHER

Continued from page 20

Giants Have a Variety of Options With No.9 Pick EAST RUTHERFORD, N.J. (AP) — If there was ever a year for New York Giants general manager Jerry Reese and coach Tom Coughlin to get it right in the NFL draft, this is it. The Giants have missed the playoffs the past three seasons since winning the Super Bowl in 2012 and jobs are on the line. The past two years have not been good: The team has been out of the postseason picture by roughly Thanksgiving. Records of 7-9 and 6-10 are not going to cut it with co-owners John Mara and Steve Tisch. The Giants need a player who can step in right away with the No. 9 pick Thursday, and chances are there is going to be one available. It’s just picking the right one. “If you draft at nine, it is a premium position, regardless of what it is,” Reese

said. “It doesn’t matter what position. If you draft him at nine, he is a guy you expect to come in and play and play quickly.” The Giants have obvious needs heading into the draft, the most notable on the lines. They need another offensive lineman, and it doesn’t make a difference if he is a tackle or guard because line coach Pat Flaherty demands his players be versatile enough to play either position. The defensive line needs a tackle. Don’t be surprised, though, to see Reese draft away from need. He has always taken the best player no matter what the position, and there is a good group of receivers this year he could add to Odell Beckham Jr., Victor Cruz and Rueben Randle. Here’s a glimpse at the key issues facing the Giants heading into the draft:

THE O-LINE: The new West Coast offense picked up in the second half of the season under coordinator Ben McAdoo, and another lineman is needed. There are three premier tackles in the draft with Brandon Scherff of Iowa, La’el Collins of LSU and Andrus Peat of Stanford. With second-year guard Weston Richburg expected to move to center, taking a tackle might allow RT Justin Pugh to move inside to guard. Another lineman also gives the Giants depth with Geoff Schwartz coming off an injury-marred first season with the team. Scherff, the Outland Trophy winner as the nation's top lineman, seems to be the favorite to get the nod from Reese. “I like the kid from Iowa, just from what I have seen,” Pugh said. “He seems like a tough kid. I have watched a few games on him and that is someone I would like to play to with.”

THE D-LINE: The Giants ranked No. 29 overall in defense and No. 30 against the run last season. It led to the firing of defensive coordinator Perry Fewell and the return of Steve Spagnuolo. Stopping the run will be a focus, and the middle of the line is a big need. Johnathan Hankins played well in 2014, but Cullen Jenkins is 34. The best run stopper in the draft is Danny Shelton of Washington; he might be there when the ninth pick rolls around. ANOTHER RECEIVER?: With Beckham, Cruz, Randle and the recently signed free Dwayne Harris, there seems to be more than enough talent for Eli Manning to pick out. However, you never pass up a game breaker — as Beckham showed last season in a record-setting rookie year. If Amari Cooper of Alabama is available, Reese won't hesitate to make his stable bigger.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, April 29, 2015 19



Rowers Fall to Brown, Face Dartmouth Next By ELANI COHEN Sun Staff Writer

After earning the Class of ’89 Points Plaque on April 18th against rival Penn, the Cornell women’s rowing team went into this weekend’s regatta with momemtum. The Red took part in the Dunn Bowl, held in Providence, R.I., against Brown. Though the Red came up short in the end, the team kept up its enthusiasm throughout the entire regatta, according to freshman coxswain Maddie Goldberg. “With Brown “We were really excited being ranked No. to race [Brown] at the 1 out of all the Dunn Bowl for the first Ivies, we were realexcited to race ly time this season.” them at the Dunn Maddie Goldberg Bowl for the first time this season and test our speed,” she said. “Overall we had some pretty tight races that we were really happy about with the varsity-eight only being 3 seconds off of them.” The day began with the varsity-eight race, a close match that ended with a Brown victory. The Bears ended the first race with a final time of 6:10.08 while Cornell finished with a time of 6:13.35. Next was the second varsity race, which Brown also won, this time in more dominant fashion, winning by a full 20 seconds and a third varsity-eight race. The rest of the day involved two varsity-four races, both of which Cornell came up short. In the first race,

the Red finished approximately 16 seconds behind the Bears, and in the second race, Cornell ended about 18 seconds behind Brown with a final time of 7:55.17. In the last race of the day, the third varsity-eight race, Cornell had a strong showing, but was still unable to triumph over Brown. The Bears earned an overall time of 7:00.56 followed by the Red with a final time of 7:04.89. Despite the loss, Cornell is still looking forward to its upcoming regatta against Dartmouth, according to

Goldberg. “This weekend we are really excited to race Dartmouth at home and hoping for a successful end to our season before the Ivy Championship,” she said. The Green will come to Ithaca this upcoming weekend. to take on Cornell in the Parent’s Cup. Elani Cohen can be reached at MICHAELA BREW / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER

Cruising Cornell | The women’s rowing team came up short against Brown, losing to the Bears in the first varsity-eight by just over three seconds. The Red will face Dartmouth this weekend.

Winkler Sets Minor Leagues Fuel Professional Sports Hammer Toss Baseball’s farm system remains integral to success of Major League Record Again DUBNOV

Continued from page 20

TRACK AND FIELD Continued from page 20

ment, according to Woodford. “[We] can’t let the weather be an excuse or dictate how we’ll compete,” Woodford said of the Red’s attitude towards the weather. “For instance, if we decide beforehand that we won’t do well because of the wind, that’s already taking the outcome out of our own hands.” The men’s team also saw success amongst its newer members, with freshman Rudy Winkler setting a school record in the hammer for the fourth time in two weeks and breaking his own facility record in 218’ 2” (66.51m, IC4A). Bowman said he is pleased with the squad’s attitude and hopes to stay consistent as they move into the championship season. “Overall … [they have] this really nice vibe,” he said. “There’s a really nice momentum that we’ve got. I really do like this team, they’re a special group, they’re really pulling together well. They’re all in it.” As April comes to a close, the Red is certainly hoping for some more spring-like weather as well. However, based on this weekend’s results, nothing is going to stop this team. “We’re excited as we’re heading into the champion part of the season [that] we’re doing this well with weather that’s not as conducive as we’d like to great performances,” Bowman said. “but they’ve got good performances … that are happening even in this weather so we’re excited when it starts getting a little bit warmer and a little calmer to see even better things happen.” Ariel Cooper can be reached at

Football League. These organizations serve as stepping stones for players hoping hone their skills and make it big. However, these leagues are often the last stop for many careers, as many players fail to make it to the next level. Out of all the existing developmental sports leagues, the best system exists in baseball. Minor League Baseball has an organized structure and just about every big time prospect goes through the steps of the Minors before making it to the Big Show. Minor League Baseball is broken up into classes or levels that begin at rookie leagues and progress to AAA, which is the last step before making the Majors. Minor League teams are affiliated with a certain team in Majors, so the developmental leagues become a farm system for certain teams. Players can benefit from this type of situation because every new professional baseball player progresses through

the same ranks before becom- which throw their newly the same level of game attening a major league player. It drafted stars under the spot- dance and job opportunities, may seem like this process lights of the big stage do not there is an economic benefit only delays the progress that get to benefit from this devel- from the Minor League for process. many small towns and cities. a player can take to making it opmental As a whole, developmental big, but there are certainly Additionally, when injuries sports leagues are benefits. Young undervalued parts players that are It is time to understand the beneficial of professional drafted out of high Even school and are impact that developmental leagues have sports. though the skills poised for stardom on the furthering of sports culture and are not at the same take some time to players’ careers. level as the stars, transition their raw there is value in skills to the Major these leagues. League level. Professional baseball occur at the Major League Players can take time to hone teams benefits from this type level, players get to rehab in their skills before finding the of system because it allows the Minors with lesser-skilled spotlight. Teams can develop for an efficient and organized players. This allows for play- an organizational system of process of bringing young ers to get back to a healthy prospect development. The stars to the game. level while being able to sport can expand its influOrganizations are often exhibit their skills before fans ence into smaller markets across the country. It is time ranked based on their farm in smaller markets. Minor League Baseball to stop thinking of developsystems. Baseball is the only sport to have an organized also helps to spread the influ- mental leagues as the purgaenough system to allow for ence of baseball into small tory of professional sports. It the thorough analysis of towns all across the United is time to understand the young prospects in the farm States. These smaller markets beneficial impact that develsystem. It is always interest- that become tied to Major opmental leagues have on the ing to see how scouts rank League franchises allows for furthering of sports culture the next top prospects in the more fans to be linked to the and players’ careers. sport, and to see which teams sport of baseball and root for have the greatest upside with a specific team. Additionally, Nikita Dubnov can be reached at even though Minor League up-and-coming players. Nik’s Knacks Other major sports like ballparks all across the 50 appears on Wednesdays throughout the basketball and football, states do not attract nearly semester.

Cueto Dominant in 4-2Victory Over Milwaukee CINCINNATI (AP) — Johnny Cueto gave up three hits over eight innings during his latest dominant performance against the Milwaukee Brewers, and Brandon Phillips had a two-run homer Tuesday night, leading the Cincinnati Reds to a 4-2 victory

over the worst team in the majors. Joey Votto and Marlon Byrd added solo homers off Kyle Lohse (1-4) as the Reds clinched the series. Half of their 10 wins this season have come against Milwaukee. The Brewers fell to

4-17, the worst start by a National League team in 18 years, according to STATS. The 1997 Cubs had an identical record. The 2010 Orioles were the last team in the majors to open a season 4-17. Cueto (2-2) gave up homers to Aramis

Ramirez and Ryan Braun as he got his sixth straight win over the Brewers. He’s 9-3 career against Milwaukee, including 8-0 in 11 career starts at Great American Ball Park. Aroldis Chapman retired the side in the ninth for his fifth save

in as many chances, leaving the Brewers 1-7 on the road. Braun was back in right field after getting the last two days off as part of a lineup shakeup. He hit his second homer of the season, but it didn’t much matter.

The Corne¬ Daily Sun





C.U.Performs Strongly at Penn Relays



the highest Cornell has ever placed in that race. The men’s team also had strong relays, placing sixth in the 4x400 championship with an overall time of The east coast may have decided that winter is not 3:14.1. The 4xMile race was particularly competitive, quite over, but the men’s and women’s track and field however. The Red was in the lead for most of the race, teams are already more than halfway through their out- with a 4:02 leg by sophomore James Gowans, a 4:01 leg door season. Despite less than ideal conditions, both by junior Ben Rainero, and a 4:07 leg by senior David teams had impressive finishes at this weekend’s Penn Melly. Junior Connor Herr ran the final leg, but the Relays and Big Red Invitational. competition overtook him and the Red finished 10th The Red sent 34 overall with a total time of 16:40.15, which still women to the Penn ranked as the third best time in Cornell history. Relays, the largest “As a group . . . we were Another highlight for the men’s team was senior group the team has ever tri-captain Steven Mozia’s third place throw in the happy, but we are still sent. While Cornell shot put championship. Earlier this year, Mozia finboasted strong results hungry. We have a lot of ished 16th overall in the NCAA Indoor in many events, the Championships for shot put. He was one of only two work to do.” 4x100, 4x400 and members of the men’s team to qualify for shot put. Katie Woodford 4x800 relays were a Sunday’s Big Red Invitational was Cornell’s secmain focus for the ond to last home meet of the season. Although some team. They will be members of the squad who had competed at Penn important for the upcoming championship meets, also participated in the Invitational, the home meet proaccording to head coach Rich Bowman. vided those who had not been selected to compete at “I was pretty happy with my performances in the Penn with another opportunity to stretch their legs as 4x100 and the 4x400, and with the performance of the the championship portion of the season looms closer. relay as a group,” said senior Katie Woodford. “That’s “It was a good competition for people who didn’t the fastest split I’ve ever had in the 4x400, but I was have the chance to go down to Penn Relays,” Bowman instantly thinking about running faster afterward. As a said. group too for both relays, we were happy, but we are Freshman Ellen Shepard won the 100m race with a still hungry. We have a lot of work to do and a lot of season best time of 12.06, putting her in the No. 9 spot potential to be faster.” for all-time Cornell records in the 100m and qualifying Woodford ran her portion of the 4x400 in 53.80 sec- her for the ECAC Championship. onds, and the group even won famed Penn Relay watchSunday’s weather forecast — highs in the mid-40s es as the top ECAC program with a sixth place finish in and windy — made this result an even greater achievethe event. The 4x100 relay was also impressive, with the See TRACK AND FIELD page 19 team posting a third place finish in the championship, Sun Staff Writer

Racing Red | The men’s 4xMile team posted the third fastest time in program history at the Penn Relays last weekend.

An Ode to the Recruited by Harvard, Archer’05 Chose C.U. Minor Leagues His path from ‘tweener’to Cornell standout O-lineman W By JOON LEE

ith various leagues such as Major League Baseball, the National Hockey League, the National Football League and the National Basketball Association, among many others, it is easy for fans to get caught up in the glamour and starpower that dominate those highest echelons of athleticism. The national television coverage,

Nikita Dubnov Nik’s Knacks

Sun Assistant Sports Editor

This the first of a three part series about head football coach David Archer ’05. The second and third parts will appear in Thursday’s and Friday’s papers respectively.

There are few people on Cornell’s campus that are more passionate about the school than head football coach David Archer ’05. Archer graduated from Cornell with a degree in economics, started for three years on the offensive line for the Red, served as tri-captain for the

stadiums packed with thousands of fans and major brand endorsement deals all help to shine a greater spotlight on the stars of the game. However, there is lesser-known periphery of professional sports that does not get nearly the same level of recognition or appreciation. Developmental sports leagues consist of professional athletes that are either young and on their way to the big spotlight or fighting to develop the skills to make it to the top. These players are not amateur athletes, but they play at a different tier and with a different level of hope for the future of their careers. Every major sport has numerous developmental leagues. For baseball, the primary league would be Minor League Baseball. Basketball has the NBA D-League. Even football has unofficial leagues like the Arena See DUBNOV page 19

team in 2004 under former head another school in the Ivy League. “If you can get me in, this is coach Jim Knowles and was named the youngest Division I head football where I want to come, to Harvard,” coach in January, 2013 at just 30 Archer told the Crimson recruiting staff. Archer wanted to follow in the years and two months old. footsteps of Archer, quite literally and figu- “[Archer] was our type of guy, h o m e t o w n legend Isaiah ratively, bleeds Red. But growing blue-collar. He just fell in love K a c y ve n s k i , with the place.” who played up just an hour for the away from Ithaca Pete DeStefano Crimson in Endicott, N.Y., b e f o r e Archer didn’t want to play football on the slope for embarking on a seven-year career in Cornell. “That’s the one place I’m the National Football League. “If you wanted to be like Isaiah, not going,” Archer remembers thinking. Instead, Archer set his eyes on where did Isaiah go?” Archer said. “Isaiah went to Harvard and I wanted to go to Harvard for that reason.” But it wasn’t that simple for Archer. At 6-foot-1 and 245 pounds, Archer wasn’t quite big enough to play offensive line or athletic enough to man linebacker. “I was the ultimate tweener,” Archer said. Archer said that he was likely one of the last players that the Crimson was considering for its recruiting class. Because of this, Archer’s father told him to keep an open mind to Cornell. At the time, the Red had different plans. “We have better players than you at Cornell,” said Pete DeStefano, the defensive line coach at the time, to Archer. “If you can get in on your own, you can walk on the team, but good luck.” At that point, Archer was resigned to playing Division III football. But JOON LEE / SUN ASSISTANT SPORTS EDITOR when he came back from his visit to

Looking back | David Archer ’05 holds the gameball from his first victory as head coach of Cornell’s football team.

See ARCHER page 18

04 29 15 entire issue lo res  
04 29 15 entire issue lo res