INDEPENDENT SINCE 1880
The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 129, No. 89
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, 2013
ITHACA, NEW YORK
16 Pages – Free
Proposed Fund Will Aid Green Projects at C.U. By TYLER ALICEA Sun Staff Writer
Student leaders said they are confident that a Green Revolving Fund will be created at Cornell, after University President David Skorton sent an email to members of the Student Assembly Thursday saying he would “consider [giving] a onemillion dollar loan to create the fund.” Through this fund, individuals –– as well as departments within the University –– would be able to fund projects that would “enhance “We weren’t sure energy conservation efforts,” according to that this was going S.A. President Adam to happen, and now Gitlin ’13. that it is, all the The revolving fund — which trivial detail can be derives its name worked out.” from the fact that money saved as a Sarah Balik ’15 result of the conservation efforts would return to the fund — is intended to foster student engagement in the University’s sustainability practices, according to Jacob Reisch ’13, president of Energy Corps at Cornell, an organization dedicated to promoting sustainability on campus. “A [Green Revolving Fund] opens up opportuniSee GREEN FUND page 5
CONNOR ARCHARD / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
It’s getting noisy in here | Septh Murtagh M.A. ’04, Ph.D. ’09 presents potential changes to the city’s noise ordinance at a Collegetown Neighborhood Council meeting Tuesday.
City Mulls Reform of Noise Ordinance City official proposes establishment of decibel standard for complaints By KEVIN MILIAN Sun Staff Writer
At a meeting of the Collegetown Neighborhood Council Tuesday, Ithaca residents debated a potential change to the City of Ithaca’s noise ordinance that would establish a maximum decibel level for complaints.
Route 13 Accident Sends Victim to Hospital A two-car collision shut down Route 13 and sent one person to the hospital Tuesday evening, according to a press release from the Ithaca Fire Department. The accident on Meadow Street caused an SUV to flip over onto its roof. After IFD crews extricated the driver of the SUV, she was transported to Robert Packer trauma center in Sayre, Pa., for treatment of her injuries, according to IFD. Bang’s Ambulances paramedics attended to the driver of the second vehicle, who was uninjured, according to IFD. Traffic on Route 13 was diverted for about two hours Tuesday evening while crews worked to clear the roadways, IFD reported. The Ithaca Police Department is investigating the circumstances surrounding the accident, according to the press release. — Compiled by Kerry Close
COURTESY OF THE ITHACA FIRE DEPARTMENT
Car crash | A two-vehicle collision near Route 13 Tuesday evening resulted in the turnover of an SUV and sent the driver to the hospital.
At the meeting, Ithaca Alderperson Seph Murtagh M.A. ’04, Ph.D. ’09 (D-2nd Ward) said the proposed decibel standard for noise complaints would make the complaints more objective. The current noise ordinance “defines unreasonable noise as continuous, impulsive, but it’s ultimately a
Website Will Gather Resident Input for C-Town Development By JONATHAN DAWSON Sun Staff Writer
The shops located in the proposed Collegetown Crossing –– a development at 307 College Ave. that will include apartments and a GreenStar Market –– will be decided by popular consensus on a website that was launched to the public Tuesday. This project’s page on the Popularise website –– which enables residents to propose building concepts –– will allow people to submit ideas and vote on them for the upcoming space. “Popularise helps people post a location and pose a question, to which other people can propose an idea, and other people can vote in support of [it].
Here, we are asking what the businesses could be [in the 307 College Ave. space],” said Aylin Gucalp ’14, who started the project page on the Popularise website. Gucalp said she began the online project for the course “The Promise and Pitfalls of Contemporary Planning” to create an easier way for residents to provide input for their community. “As someone who doesn’t like writing papers, I wanted to create a project. And Collegetown, with so many open storefronts, seemed like a good place,” she said. The space available for development ranges from 400 to 3,000 square feet, See CROSSING page 5
subjective opinion, based on the police officer’s judgment,” Murtagh said. “What we are proposing are not laws for mandatory decibel readings, but a tool officers could use to make decisions regarding noise complaints.” The noise ordinance proposal was See NOISE page 4
News National Treasure
In an exhibit in Kroch Library, an original copy of the Emancipation Proclamation will be showcased to commemorate the 150th anniversary of its signing. | Page 3
Opinion Turning Red, White and Blue Jon Weinberg ’13 argues that whether one is a citizen by birth or naturalization, American citizenship calls for civic responsibility.
| Page 7
Arts Fairy Tales
Peter Jacobs ’13 interviews former Pixies frontman Black Francis, before he took the stage at The Haunt Saturday night. | Page 10
Sports Taking It to the Mat
Cornell wrestlers react to the International Olympic Committee’s announcement Tuesday that it will cut wrestling from the 2020 Olympic Games. | Page 16
Weather Partly Cloudy HIGH: 34 LOW: 25
2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Umpteen speedy televisions perused two sheep, then umpteen tickets towed Jupiter, and Dan untangles five progressive orifices. Umpteen quixotic aardvarks annoyingly bought two Macintoshes. Umpteen bureaux tickled two extremely putrid botulisms. Paul sacrificed one lampstand, then Jupiter marries the very quixotic pawnbroker. Five purple poisons laughed, yet umpteen chrysanthemums kisses five aardvarks. Batman noisily untangles one Jabberwocky. Two Macintoshes laughed, then one extremely schizophrenic Jabberwocky drunkenly untangles two sheep, however Quark telephoned umpteen obese Jabberwockies. Five irascible botulisms slightly lamely auctioned off the subway, and five chrysanthemums easily untangles one mostly speedy Klingon. Five dogs drunkenly perused Minnesota, however the mats ran away cleverly, although one partly progressive subway quite comfortably sacrificed
of the Week
Today From Layer Cake to Chaos: 50 Years of Geophysical Investigation Of the Earth 3:30 - 4:30 p.m., 2146 Snee Hall
Hacker Warns of Zombies On Michigan TV Broadcasts
Darwin Days Panel: Aquatic Initiatives 5 - 6:30 p.m., 142 Goldwin Smith Hall
MARQUETTE, Mich. (AP) — No, zombies aren’t attacking northern Michigan. Two local television stations say hackers broke into their Emergency Alert System with messages Monday warning of a zombie apocalypse. Along with a crawl strip, an audio message warned viewers that “dead bodies are rising from their graves” and “attacking the living.” The messages ran on public station WNMU and ABC affiliate WBUP. Two Montana stations also were hit. WNMU General Manger Eric Smith says police determined the source isn’t local and may be from outside the country. He wasn’t aware of any arrests and says equipment changes have been made to prevent future incidents. Karole White, president of the Michigan Association of Broadcasters, says it’s the first breach of the emergency system that she’s aware of since its inception in the 1940s.
Bartels World Affairs Fellowship Lecture: “The Great Convergence: Asia, The West, and the Logic of One World” 5 - 7:15 p.m., Call Auditorium, Kennedy Hall
Tomorrow Planet Cornell Exhibit 8 a.m. - 5 p.m., Mann Gallery, Mann Library Woody Guthrie Called Queer 4:30 - 6 p.m., Guerlac Room, A.D. White House
Swedish Ice Pole-Sitting Contest Has Six Winners
Study Abroad in Sub-Saharan Africa Information Meeting 4:45 - 5:30 p.m., 400 Caldwell Hall
STOCKHOLM (AP) — Six contestants have braved butt-numbing cold and boredom to win an annual ice pole-sitting contest in northern Sweden. Two women and four men shared the 20,000-kronor prize ($3,100) for remaining on 8.25-foot-tall (2.5-meter) blocks of ice during the 48-hour contest, which ended Saturday.
Cornell Chimes Valentine Concert 5:30 - 6:15 p.m., McGraw Tower
Competitors said the worst part of the competition was not the cold — temperatures dipped below -18 degrees Fahrenheit (-28 degrees Celsius) — but the monotony, even though they were allowed to come down for 10-minute toilet breaks every other hour. Organizer Annica Andersson said the contest has been held annually for a dozen years, and was brought to the Swedish town of Vilhelmnina by a local resident who had participated in a similar competition in Russia.
Police: N.Y. Mom Used Kiss To Give Jailed Son Drugs PENN YAN, N.Y. (AP) — Police say an upstate New York woman passed drugs to her son while kissing him when she visited him in jail. Sheriff’s deputies in Yates County tell local media outlets 54-year-old Penn Yan resident Kimberly Margeson was visiting her son last week when she hid oxycodone pills and passed them from her mouth to his while giving him a kiss. Police haven’t said how the drugs were discovered. Margeson pleaded not guilty Tuesday to charges of criminal sale of a controlled substance and promoting prison contraband. She’s free after posting bail. Authorities say her 30-year-old son also was charged with promoting prison contraband. He remains in jail on an unrelated felony weapon possession charge, and a lawyer for him couldn't be contacted.
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THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 3
Student Assembly Surveys Student Safety Concerns
By SARAH SASSOON Sun Staff Writer
In the wake of several reported sexual assaults last semester, the Student Assembly released a safety survey early this month to undergraduate students to assess their campus safety concerns. The survey will remain live at least through the end of the month, according to Anisha Chopra ’13, chair of the Safety Task Force for the S.A. “It’s our responsibility to make sure that we’re serving the students. We need to gauge their sentiments,” said Stephen Breedon ’14, vice president for public relations for the S.A. The survey — which was created by S.A. Vice President of Outreach Ross Gitlin ’13 and Sarah Balik ’15, CALS representative — asks questions that Gitlin and Balik said they hope will help them understand the needs of the student body. One of the survey’s questions asks when students are walking home at night during the weekdays. Another asks how frequently students use the Blue Light User Extension Late Night Shuttle Van Service –– a bus service that runs during study periods between the hours of 11 p.m. and 3:45 a.m. and is partially funded by the Student Activity Fee, a mandatory fee that all undergraduates pay to fund initiatives that benefit the Cornell community, according to the S.A. website. Chopra emphasized that the survey was created by students. She said she hopes this will encourage students to be more candid in their responses. “We think the [Cornell University Police Department] and the administration [do] a great job in caring about safety concerns . . . but we wanted the survey to come from a student perspective,” Chopra said. Chopra said she hopes the survey results will indicate that students found the B.L.U.E. shuttle a useful late-night resource. “This survey will hopefully show that students continue to need the [B.LU.E] shuttle,” Chopra said. Breedon said the survey aims to continue to alert the public of the existence of campus safety measures. “If we’re using resources [money], we need to make sure that these resources are actually accessed,” Breedon said. “[The survey] is kind of like a self-check.” Breedon and Chopra said that, in order to publicize the sur-
KELLY YANG / SUN SENIOR PHOTOGRAPHER
Prof. John Losey, entomology, lectures Tuesday about invasive species, like the beetle, as part of the Darwin Days Terrestrial Invasives Panel.
vey, the S.A. will continue to use social media, post the link in CUPD Chief Kathy Zoner’s weekly safety update emails and display information in campus libraries. Chopra said another goal of the survey is to use its results as evidence for the administration that there “continues to be a sustainable need for students to have transportation late at night.” “We can use all of these [survey results] and take our concerns to the administration. They are way more likely to help us if we say, ‘Here are actual numbers for you,’” Chopra said. While Chopra said she hopes undergraduates will use the survey to voice their opinions about campus safety, she said the S.A. remains realistic about how many students will actually take the time to answer survey questions. “Overall, if we get a response from 30 percent of undergraduates, that would be phenomenal,” Chopra said. Both Breedon and Chopra said that marketing on a campus as large as Cornell’s is a formidable task. Laena Frechette ’15 and Alana Harris ’15 echoed this sentiment, saying that they have never seen an advertisement for, let alone used, the B.L.U.E. shuttle. “I don’t know more about it than the fact that it exists,” Harris said. “The schedule could be better publicized. I [usually] walk home or take the TCAT.” Frechette said she has never used the shuttle, although she
said she “continues to feel unsafe when I walk home alone at night.” Gitlin said lack of student awareness about Cornell’s safety resources is a problem that the S.A. plans to combat with marketing and public relations. “The Student Assembly along with the administration, CUPD and many other student organizations are investing time and energy in trying to publicize resources that are already available,” he said. Both Gitlin and Chopra referred to the student-created iPhone application, “ResCUer,” as one recent improvement in the way students are able to connect to safety resources at the University. The application contains phone numbers of resources such as CUPD and Gannett Health Services so students can better access them in emergency situations. Gitlin said that the survey results will be able to help the S.A. continue to affirm its commitment to student health and safety. “[The S.A.] is thinking of other innovative ways to make the campus environment and climate comfortable for everyone in the Cornell community,” Gitlin said. Sarah Sassoon can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Library Exhibit Displays Emancipation Proclamation By DARA LEVY Sun Staff Writer
In a rare viewing, an original version of the Emancipation Proclamation is being showcased temporarily at Cornell in celebration of the 150th anniversary of the document’s signing. As part of an exhibit showcasing the proclamation, which will run through the end of March, the Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections at Kroch Library held a public viewing of the original document on Abraham Lincoln’s birthday Tuesday and will hold an additional viewing on Feb. 18, which is Presidents’ Day. The University’s copy of the Emancipation Proclamation was originally intended to be the official copy.
However, when Lincoln noticed a technical error in its phrasing, a second copy was written which changed the wording of the document from that of a Congressional treaty to an executive order, according to Lance Heidig, outreach and learning services librarian for Cornell Library. That original copy was given to a California congressman and was subsequently sold to a collector, before being purchased by Nicholas Noyes, who graduated from Cornell in 1906. Noyes donated the document to the University, along with one of five copies of the Gettysburg Address and a signed copy of the 13th Amendment in 1954 as part of the Noyes Collection of Historical Americana.
JEVAN HUTSON / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Better with age | On Tuesday, the anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s birthday, visitors explore a Kroch Library exhibit displaying and commemorating the Emancipation Proclamation.
According to Heidig, Cornell’s copy, though it is damaged from natural aging, is better-preserved than the official document — which is on display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. — since it has been on display less and, as a result, has suffered from less light damage. To keep the document well-preserved, and because additional security must be hired to protect the document, it is only on display for special occasions, Heidig said. For the remainder of the exhibit, a duplicate copy will replace the original in the display to alleviate the need for security and reduce damage to the document. Heidig said that, although the Emancipation Proclamation is remembered by most people for freeing slaves, the document technically did not do so, as it was only valid as long as the Civil War lasted. However, he said the document remains significant for putting the U.S. government on the course to abolishing slavery. “Before the Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln was fighting for the preservation of the Union,” Heidig said. “After the Emancipation Proclamation, it changed the nature of the war to end slavery. [The Proclamation] symbolizes a turning point in the Civil War and in American history.” According to Heidig, a variety of community members, including classes of students, visited Tuesday on Lincoln’s birthday to take tours of the exhibit. He said he was most pleased by how many profes-
sors are bringing their classes. Kelly McLane ’16 said she attended the exhibit with her freshman writing seminar. “I thought it was really cool that we have an actual handwritten copy of the Emancipation Proclamation,” McLane said. “It contained a lot of information about the signing.” Heidig said he hopes students are inspired by the exhibit and that they consequently become more motivated to use primary source materials in their work. He said promoting student work with primary documents is one of the Cornell Library’s goals. “One of the great things about Cornell libraries is that anyone can just walk in and see great stuff in the library,” he said. Melinda Lem ’16 said her interest in history prompted her to attend the exhibit and she was surprised to learn before the tour that Cornell owned the original copy of the Emancipation Proclamation. She added that seeing the movie Lincoln increased her interest in the subject. Jon Lash ’16 said he was excited to see the document in person. “It feels like you’re in National Treasure,” he said. Heidig emphasized that the University should use collections as educational tools. “The fact is that obviously Cornell is blessed with a great library. … The collection is absolutely astounding,” Heidig said. Dara Levy can be reached at email@example.com.
4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Decibel Levels Rise as Residents Debate Changes to Noise Ordinance NOISE
Continued from page 1
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spurred by repeated noise reports from residents near Da Westy, a bar on the Commons. Murtagh said the ambiguity of the current noise ordinance presents problems in commercial zones such as the Commons. “[Da Westy features] loud music, a beer garden and loud games. And even after the owners moved the games and lowered the amplified music, they still get complaints,” Murtagh said. “The bars have a right to have noise in their zone.” According to Murtagh, the proposed changes would exist alongside the city’s current noise ordinance. “The current noise ordinance is good for college parties, since you want that flexibility police officers have during complaints,” he said. But some attendees disagreed. “I’m someone who lives where the parties take place, and I think the problem here is the parties,” said Tom Hanna ’64, a former member of the Common Council and chair of East Hill Civic Association. “It is also the rush events and people running by. We have a lot of transient phenomena, and I want to see what we are doing to change the culture.”
Still, Cornell University Police Department Sgt. Anthony Bellamy said law enforcement officials have been communicating with students about the issue. “The police meets with fraternities and sororities to discuss these matters and their responsibilities and dialogue has been well-received,” Bellamy said. Tessa Rudan ’89, a member of the Planning and Development Board, proposed that community members take a reactionary role in response to noise complaints. “I would like a bystander intervention element, for not just the noise, but other conduct that goes along with it, like drinking, overcrowding and public urination,” she said. Students said there should be a distinction in the ordinance with respect to the location of the violation. “I think the discussion surrounding the ordinance needs to be looked [at] from two different perspectives,” said Eric Silverberg ’14, chair of the Cornell Collegetown Student Council. “The intent, being born in the business district, cannot be applied to what goes on in Collegetown.” Jacob Newman ’15 said he supports the addition of a specific decibel limit to the noise ordinance, provided it is only applied to commercial zones.
“I think adding the decibel [standard] is a nice objective way to measure situations. I’m not sure how it will work with college parties, but it’s a nice way to monitor the commercial zones and make sure they don’t get too loud,” Newman said. Murtagh said there is a need to update the noise ordinance to fit the demands of a modern city. “There would be different standards for zones, but the noise ordinance has to be unique to the Ithaca community,” Murtagh said. “As the city becomes more dense, there’s going to be more complications with noise, and the current ordinance is just too archaic for our situations.” To assist with his proposal, Murtagh consulted Eric Zwerling, director of the Noise Technical Assistant Center at Rutgers University and a specialist in noise ordinances. The proposal will be reviewed by the Collegetown Neighborhood Council, the Ithaca Police Department and the Ithaca Common Council for approval. “[The noise ordinance] has to have the support of the staff who are going to enforce it, mainly the building and police department,” Murtagh said. Kevin Milian can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 5
Website Solicits Input Green Fund Will Encourage Sustainability For C-Town Project GREEN FUND
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seemed like a good place,” she said. The space available for development ranges from 400 to 3,000 square feet, according to Josh Lower ’05, developer of the Collegetown Crossing project. “There could be one larger space or several smaller spaces,” he said. According to Gucalp, the page was first opened three months ago to about 30 of her closest friends, who posted ideas such as a bookstore, diner, gym, Chipotle restaurant and a bikeshare on the site. “We will follow this up with some press and reaching to student groups and majors related to the built environment, and then hopefully to our larger community through social media and word of mouth,” she said. Still, Gucalp said she thinks it will be difficult to publicize the page. After creating the crowdsourcing model and website, Gucalp emailed developers who had retail space available in Collegetown, receiving one reply, from Lower. “It seemed like a new channel to encourage participation in a social media-like base. I had never seen it done before with commercial spaces, and we are excited to see how successful it will be,” Lower said. Still, the prospective building options are dependent on the quality and number of proposals, Gucalp said. “Some locations [which have crowd-sourced projects on Popularise] have had ... 40 proposals and have ... 500 people vote. I don’t know if we’ll be able to come up with 40 unique ideas,” Gucalp said. “I think because we have a majority demographic — college students, for the most part — the suggestions that people will come up with may be similar.” However, the efficacy of the feedback initiative of the project remains to be seen. Popularise has never had its platform used as part of a college town development area, according to Brandon Jenkins, Popularise’s director of real estate. “A college town is an ideal scenario where you’re looking to engage the community,” Jenkins said. “I think a lot of [college towns] have a connection to the community that they are in, and it’s kind of a logical market to tap into.” After obtaining community input, Lower must find a developer to support the public’s ideas. “Although this system holds the promise of listening to the community and allowing them to vote on what they want the most, it cannot guarantee that the business will agree to move into the space. Both parties have to come to an agree-
ment,” Lower said. Jenkins said an important goal of the site was not to agree on one outcome, but rather to understand sentiments in the area about potential uses for the space. “The goal is not to have one answer, but to find out what is the broader message from the community,” Jenkins said. Lower said he hopes the potential new businesses will fit in with the character of the neighborhood. “We are really hoping for a startup small business or an entrepreneur, something that will be symbiotic with the neighborhood and the other retail tenants in the building,” Lower said. Jonathan Dawson can be reached at email@example.com.
request funding for their projects,” he said. According to Reisch, projects could include the installation of lowflush toilets, energy efficient lighting and weatherizing windows, among other ideas. While the logistics of how the fund will operate will be determined by discussions between the University and student leaders, individuals who support the GRF said they are confident it will become a reality and are eager to continue working with the administration. “We weren’t sure that this was going to happen, and now that it is, all of the trivial details can be worked out,” said Sarah Balik ’15, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences representative for the S.A. But University discussions regarding initial funding, also known as seed funding, for the GRF have yet to be held, according to student leaders. University officials also emphasized that Skorton has yet to make a decision about investment in the fund.
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In a presentation shown to several administrators in September, Reisch suggested that the seed funding could be supported either by funds from the student body, the endowment, donations or allocations from the administration’s budget. There is currently no timeline for how long talks with the University will extend or when a GRF would go into effect, according to Reisch. “The immediate next step is to create the exact model of how this is going to function,” Reisch said. Similar funds have been set up at other universities including Harvard University and the University of Pennsylvania. According to Reisch, 75 percent of all green revolving funds have been created in the past four years. Harvard has experienced success with their revolving fund, which started in 1993, Reisch said. Over the past decade, Harvard has seen an approximate 30-percent return from its fund each year, The Harvard Crimson reported in Oct. 2011. Balik said that she “could think of about a million reasons” why the GRF would benefit the University.
“I think this is a great way for students to get involved with sustainability,” she said. Student leaders who have brought attention to the GRF also said they believe that such a fund aligns with Cornell’s goals about sustainability. “The University already is extremely committed to sustainability and energy conservation. We believe this is only an extension of the University’s goals,” Gitlin said. Reisch, along with other students, have been working since last spring to make a GRF at Cornell a reality. The S.A. passed a resolution, which was sponsored by both Reisch and Balik, in October urging the University to supply money to a GRF. Gitlin expressed enthusiasm over Skorton’s consideration to supply funds for the GRF. “The S.A. is very excited and commends the University for their commitment [to] sustainability and the environment,” Gitlin said. Tyler Alicea can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Reforming Financial Aid For Undocumented Students IN HIS STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS Tuesday night, President Barack Obama made a major push for national immigration reform. But there is more to be done here. American universities can take important steps within their own walls to help undocumented students become productive contributors to the U.S. economy. The University should revise its financial aid policy to provide an affordable education to undocumented students. Currently, under Obama’s deferred action program, undocumented immigrants who can prove that they came to the U.S. before they were 16 years old, have no criminal record and are pursuing an education can apply for a work permit and avoid deportation for at least two years. But undocumented students at Cornell — many of whom have grown up in the U.S. and consider themselves American — are still not eligible for the same financial aid as their peers with U.S. citizenship. Recognizing that undocumented students often struggle to afford college educations without being eligible for aid, President David Skorton wrote in an opinion column Monday that Cornell may have to “rethink our approaches to financial aid in ways that are sensitive to undocumented students’ new legal status.” This is encouraging language. Expanding the access to financial aid for which undocumented students are eligible will help dozens of students at Cornell complete an increasingly expensive college education. Some who oppose such measures claim that these immigrants steal jobs from American citizens. For positions that require an advanced degree, they are wrong. Giving smart, motivated undocumented students U.S. citizenship is the right thing to do — economically, pragmatically and above all, morally. As Skorton stated in his column, the Partnership for a New American Economy has calculated that by 2018, there will be more than 230,000 unfilled jobs in science, technology, engineering and math fields — even if every new American STEM graduate finds employment after graduation. Furthermore, the Partnership for a New American Economy has suggested that allowing undocumented students to attend college and legally work in the U.S. will add 1.4 million jobs to the economy. While we recognize that the path to citizenship for undocumented students is out of the University’s hands, we urge Cornell to use the power it has to increase these students’ access to an education they can afford. We are encouraged by Skorton’s desire to open Cornell’s doors to all qualified students, and hope to see that vision translate into tangible reforms to the University’s financial aid policies.
egulation must be based on sound science!” If I had a dollar for every time I heard this, I’d be richer than my fellow trustees. I’ve been studying how people develop knowledge and beliefs about natural gas development via hydraulic fracturing — “fracking” for short — for two years. On this issue, policy wonks and activists incessantly demand “sound science.” I am a scientist and value informed decision-making. Nonetheless, I do not appreciate the implication that good science alone prepares us to regulate fracking capably. Fracking has dominated much dialogue on campus, in Ithaca and across New York’s Southern Tier. I’ve read 1,000 newspaper articles, 50 scientific articles, endless blog posts and magazine features, listened to a dozen radio programs and attended more than 20 municipal meetings focused on fracking. Yet, in all this discourse, I’ve heard almost nothing about the role the humanities can (and, I would contend, must) play in studying and regulating fracking. Yes, the physical and life sciences help us understand the potential effects of gas development on water, air quality, soil, public health and municipal infrastructure. The social sciences can reveal the potential impacts on economic wellbeing, community character, crime rates, aesthetics, long-term socio-economic sustainability and housing value and availability. Nevertheless, much of this research does not deal with facts in their purest form; it is often normative science — research built on value-based assumptions that imply a policy preference. Particularly because of these assumptions, we must move beyond the science, examining not only how the world is, but also how it ought to be. Good science is necessary but insufficient for making justifiable normative claims about fracking regulation. Even if we were certain of the science, which is rarely the case, we would need a good measure of philosophy to use that science for regulation. Some scientists contend that their research demonstrates that fracking either should or should not be permitted in N.Y. When these researchers offer any “justification” for their recommendations, most argue that the risks of fracking outweigh its benefits, or vice versa. Even if we accept this consequentialist approach as valid, we still must deal with the sticky situation of how to measure these risks versus benefits. How, for example, do we weigh one “unit” of air pollution or water contamination against one “unit” of increased tax revenue for a municipality? Against one
farmer being able to use lease payments to keep his land? To make an informed decision on fracking, we must consider at least 30 to 40 potential impacts on the environment, the economy and society simultaneously. It is not within the realm of the engineer, the biologist, the economist or the sociologist to articulate a justifiable approach to weighing the risks and benefits — that falls to the philosopher. I am a social scientist who studies risk, and while it is certainly within the purview of the sciences to describe risks, humanists are best suited to elucidate ways of valuing them. Philosophers could have myriad useful thoughts to contribute on fracking regulation. Distribution of risks and benefits (who gains versus who is harmed), equity, voluntariness of risk, special obligations (to local citizens and/or future generations), rights to property, rights to information — all of these facets must be thoughtfully considered if we hope to generate sensible regulation. None are addressed by the physical, life or social sciences. Science can powerfully inform us about what fracking is and what effects it may have, but it will never provide normative answers to questions of what actions our society should take. Besides philosophy, other humanistic disciplines can contribute to the conversation on fracking. History, for example, could reveal why some communities and regions respond differently to gas development. What role does the historical presence or absence of extractive industries within a community play in shaping general ethos on fracking? How is the effect of that history mediated by the environmental, economic and social legacy of that extractive industry? I have great appreciation for the humanities’ ability, like science, to add to our understanding and to make the world around us a better place. The question of what to do about fracking is fundamentally one about how humans ought to live. How can we answer that question without humanistic inquiry? As N.Y. State, individual municipalities and Cornell move forward in determining their positions on fracking, I strongly urge each entity not to be myopic in its evaluation of this issue. Let us continue to consult the economists and the hydrologists, but let’s not exclude the historians and philosophers.
Darrick Nighthawk Evensen is a graduate student in the Department of Natural Resources and the graduate student-elected trustee. He may be reached at email@example.com. Trustee Viewpoint appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.
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THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 7
David Fischer |
Amnesty For All L
ast month, Cornell rescinded its recognition of the Tau Epsilon Phi fraternity due to alleged hazing activity that Travis Apgar, associate dean for fraternity and sorority affairs, described as “sexually humiliating.” Shortly after, several alumni of the disgraced fraternity penned a Letter to the Editor in which they billed the event as “mindless fun.” I suspect the event’s effect on TEP’s former new member class lies somewhere between senseless humiliation and mindless fun — but I’m not going to rehash the consequences of hazing here. Rather, I want to discuss the consequences that the fraternity faced when it made the decision to call for emergency medical assistance for two of its new members that night. Cornell’s Good Samaritan Protocol essentially stipulates that any student who calls emergency services for underage alcohol consumption or drug overdose will not face judicial consequences. New York State’s Good Samaritan Law, which protects underage drinkers and drug users from legal repercussions, is similar to Cornell’s policy. Between these two policies, students are protected from the potential collegiate and legal consequences of binge drinking. According to Gannett Health Services’ website, Cornell considers its medical amnesty protocol a means by which to “reduce barriers to seeking assistance” in “potentially life-threatening” emergencies. However, as the aforementioned fraternity learned after they were kicked off of campus for no less than four years, medical amnesty does not extend to cases of hazing — allegedly “sexually humiliating” or otherwise. It is unclear whether members of TEP knew, when they decided to call 911, that the policy did not apply to instances of hazing. If they had been aware of the specifics of the protocol, perhaps they would have been less inclined to call. In this case there would have been two possible outcomes. On the one hand, TEP might still be a recognized fraternity
If organizations cannot rely on a more inclusive amnesty protocal, they will be discouraged from calling for emergency services. with new members who successfully slept off their intoxication and would now be productive and active members of their chapter. On the other hypothetical hand, the new members could have suffered serious injury. Although these various scenarios are hypothetical ones based on anecdotal evidence, they are unfortunately representative of a larger systemic problem. If organizations cannot rely on a more inclusive amnesty protocol, they will be discouraged from calling for emergency services. Therefore, Cornell should strongly consider expanding its Good Samaritan Policy to include cases involving hazing. I do not mean to suggest that the University should overlook hazing. It remains a serious issue among many student organizations, Greek and non-Greek alike. However, it does not make sense to sacrifice the safety of new members of an organization in favor of imposing disciplinary penalties on that organization. College students, as a rule, make dumb decisions; the administration should realize this and prioritize the safety of its students above its desire to punish that poor decision-making. Unfortunately, I believe that organizations that wish to haze will do so no matter the policies in place. But students will be better protected if the people who are committing these acts are able to call EMS if something goes horribly wrong. I do not believe that limiting medical amnesty has successfully curtailed hazing, and, in the same vein, expanding the policy will not empower that behavior. Rather, broader application of amnesty will serve to protect more students. David Fischer is a sophomore in the College of Arts and Sciences. He may be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Fischy Business appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.
Comment of the day “The Daily Sun covered this petition? Not the ones circulating for divestment during last semester, not the call to reevaluate the Technion partnership that had support from some faculty (the Sun did cover the story when the teach-in was eventually held). The point is: why this? Is The Sun tacitly siding with this group? There is no need to give these reactionary attitudes media. No one is even posturing to act on the social justice requirement right now, it was all pomp and circumstance drummed up by the administration to make the Scropions X folks go away. If this group does any actions/teach-ins/or [sic] events once the requirement is actually on the table then fine, cover it and do so fairly. But don’t make it look like more of a movement than it is, especially when it’s fighting something that probably won’t happen.” Gui Re: "Cornell Students Protest Proposed Diversity Course Requirements" published Feb. 12, 2013
Jon Weinberg |
With American Citizenship Comes Responsibility
embers of the becoming an American citCornell commu- izen to be largely a bureaunity who are cratic and symbolic formalAmerican citizens by virtue ity; as far as I was conof birth, myself included, cerned, HeeSung’s life often forget and take for experiences made him an granted the rights and American. I was more opportunities that come excited to live tweet with our birthright. After #heesungamericanday than attending a friend’s natural- I was to explore our nationization ceremony in al identity. Yet the ceremoCortland, N.Y., last week, ny proved to be incredibly however, I now recognize moving and transformative. the meaning of citizenship. On that cold morning With our American citizen- in Cortland, 41 new ship, we have a duty to take Americans from 26 counpart in civic life and con- tries across five continents tribute to the betterment of received their naturalizaour community. tion certificates. The new My friend HeeSung Americans were of considofficially became an erably different ages, American last Friday, but creeds, national origins, has been in the country for races and identities. more than 10 years. In all Indeed, the only similarity respects, he lived an ordi- among the attendees was an nary American life. Aside appreciation for the perfrom his South Korean passport, there was little that outwardly distin- Rarely do we see our American guished HeeSung’s citizenship as an imperative for American experience from mine taking advantage of the rights and that of our fel- and privileges afforded to us. low fraternity brothers. But despite such similarities, HeeSung craved vading sentiment of the sense of permanency belonging and civic-mindand belonging that comes edness. The three speakers with American citizenship. — a Democratic mayor, a In full embrace of his new Republican judge and a nation, HeeSung began the local resident who was natarduous application process uralized 10 years ago — all last year. spoke of the importance of After demonstrating his maintaining a participatory commitment to the United role in public affairs. Their States through tests, paper- words resonated with me, work and documentation, as someone who has been HeeSung was finally given active in my community, the opportunity to become but seemed to contrast with naturalized. A few of us the general apathy of our joined him at the Cortland generation. County Courthouse, It became clear to me at expecting a generic and the ceremony that citizenbland celebration of faux ship represents not only a patriotism. I had previously commitment to vote and thought of the act of pay taxes, but also to active-
ly contribute to the country in whatever capacity we can. The ability of each new American to recite the Oath of Allegiance in English varied, but all made clear their devotion to our country through exuberant joy and the embracing of our flag and National Anthem. They demonstrated that active citizenship need not be political in nature, but rather that everyone can contribute to his or her community in different ways. Most of us at Cornell who are fortunate enough to be citizens rarely take the time to reflect on the importance of our nationality. We begrudgingly pay taxes, sometimes vote and, on occasion, deride our
politicians. The general prevailing tendency is to mock patriotism as the domain of conservative Republicans and country music singers. Rarely do we see our American citizenship as an imperative for taking advantage of the rights and privileges afforded to us. Instead, we take for granted that our citizenship gives us the freedom and ability to pursue a multitude of careers, play an active role in governance and participate in dialogue about change. New Americans like HeeSung inspire a different form of patriotism and
conception of citizenship that registers with me far more than any Toby Keith song. The new Americans naturalized in Cortland had overcome considerable obstacles and challenges in order to gain citizenship because they believed in the quintessential American ideals of hard work, opportunity and contributory democracy. They chose to come here and pursue citizenship because of their desire to partake in the grand American experiment. Such a mentality is worth defending and promoting with enthusiasm, whether you came into your citizenship by birth or by choice. If one ever feels the responsibility inherent in citizenship to be a burden, they need only look at the new Americans who jumped every hurdle just to join them in voting lines, jury pools and local meetings. All of us could benefit from taking the time to evaluate our commitment to the spirit and ideals manifested in the ceremony in Cortland. President Skorton should be commended for actively supporting the DREAM Act and other sensible immigration reform that can provide an opportunity for all members of our community to achieve citizenship. With this attitude, we can hope to create a community that perpetuates the oft-forgotten values that are innate to American citizenship. Jon Weinberg is a senior in the School of Industrial and Labor Relations. He may be reached at email@example.com. In Focus appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.
8 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Improving Firefighter Gear Using 3-D Technology Professor studies gear’s effect on preventing injuries
By YVONNE HUANG Sun Contributor
According to the U.S. Fire Administration, over 70 percent of firefighters are volunteers. Of these voluntters, over half are more than 40 years old, a benchmark where the incidence of muscular and skeletal injury becomes more frequent. Prof. Huiju Park, fiber science and apparel design, works with 3-D technology to improve firefighter gear and reduce the number of injuries sustained by firefighters on the job. “The purpose of the research project is to determine how different boot and outfit designs affect firefighters’ performance,” he said. Firefighter equipment is made with burn prevention in mind. After all, the uniform is the only thing standing between a flaming environment and a firefighter’s body, Park said. But by concentrating on making gear fireproof and resistant to high temperatures, manufacturers often overlook design or comfort and create gear that does not lend itself well to movement. According to Park, “the number one injury for firefighters is not burns, but rather, muscular and skeletal injury due to unstable and slippery conditions.” “We are applying a variety of instruments to this project, including a motion-capture system, plantar-pressure system and a 3-D body scanner. The systems are adapted and integrated together to carefully analyze a range of topics concerning turnout gear i.e mobility, fit and performance,” said Kevin Chen ’14, an undergraduate in Park’s lab.
COURTESY OF PROF. HUIJU PARK
Bulky boots | Weighty firefighter boots are protective but can be difficult to walk in.
COURTESY OF PROF. HUIJU PARK
3-D theatrics | The sensors that Prof. Huiju Park uses to create images of firefighters are also used in the movie industry. These sensors allow Park to determine how firefighter gear influences pressure and stress on different parts of firefighters’ bodies.
To test overall body movement, the researchers covered firefighters from Ithaca with body sensors. “This technology has been widely used in Hollywood for movie making,” Park said. The firefighters then performed a series of movements in the sensors without firefighter gear –– walking on flat ground, climbing up and down stairs and stepping over obstacles on the ground. The same tests were repeated with the test subjects wearing firefighter gear over the sensors. The two results were compared using 3-D technology, according to Park. Together, the sensors render a 3-D figure on a computer that mirrors the movement of the firefighter. While the sensors record data, a camcorder records the subject’s real-time movement so that the information passed through the sensors is matched with specific body movements of the subject. Through this motion capture system, scientists can assess joint mobility and the overall degree of freedom of a firefighter’s uniform. Park also tested firefighters’ boots for mobility. Firefighter boots are either made of rubber or leather with steel toes to prevent falling debris from incapacitating the firefighter. Rubber boots,
although half the price, can weigh at least three pounds more than their leather counterparts. Park used plantar sensors, thin soleshaped sensors inserted into the boot, to measure how pressure is distributed while firefighters walked in the bulky boots. While the subject is walking, climbing stairs and stepping over obstacles, the plantar sensors send data to a computer. On the computer, the video is matched up to two footprint shapes that indicate the area measured by the plantar sensors. When pressure is applied, colors indicate the magnitude of the pressure on the foot, with red as high pressure and blue as low, according to Park. When combined, the plantar and body sensors create an accurate depiction of the strains and stresses a firefighter’s body undergoes when moving in the stiff and bulky gear. According to Park, the researchers found that the equipment made to protect firefighters impairs their ability to move. In an emergency, every second is crucial for success. Firefighters have a limit of 50 minutes to complete their job before their oxygen runs out, and if conditions are slippery from attempts to douse flames, their movements may be
slowed by an inability to be flexible. According to Park, trying to move faster than the equipment allows also poses a risk of injury. In addition to the inherent bulky characteristics of firefighter gear, many firefighters are affected by the poor fit of their uniforms. Firefighters often grab whatever gear they can find when they leave to complete a job. This gear can be too large or too small and therefore further complicate movement, according to Park. Women are especially vulnerable to ill-fitting garments. According to Park, since firefighters are predominantly male, women are at a disadvantage because manufacturers tailor their gear to fit male bodies. With the data collected, Park hopes to convince suit and boot manufacturers of the importance of creating gear that is safe both in terms of thermal protection and mobility. “What I want to achieve is a better design for uniforms and boots. I want to collaborate with the [firefighter gear] industry and focus on mobility design in addition to thermal protection,” Park said. Yvonne Huang can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
COURTESY OF PROF. HUIJU PARK
Sensor stroll | Local firefighters performed a series of tasks like stepping over obstacles while wearing sensors. They then repeated the movements wearing both the sensors and their firefighter gear. These motions were then resolved into 3-D images that could be assessed for mobility.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 9
Prof. Gavin Sacks Studies Grapes and Improves Wines By KATHLEEN BITTER Sun Staff Writer
“I had no intention when I came to graduate school to end up as a wine chemist,” said Prof. Gavin Sacks M.S. ’01 Ph.D. ’05, viticulture and enology. Sacks has a Ph.D. in analytical chemistry and was planning to leave Ithaca for a postdoctoral position when he got married and his wife found a job at Cornell. “I decided to take some time off and work for a local winery,” Sacks said. As he met more winemakers, Sacks discovered something: every one of them was keeping up on the latest scientific literature surrounding wines and grapes, and every one of them had some personal experiments for improving the quality of their wine. Sacks’ interest in the chemistry behind wine continued to grow until a faculty position became available in Cornell’s viticulture and enology department. One of Sacks’ research projects looks at why some perfectly good bottles of wine will smell like rotten eggs a few months after being bottled. To do this, he studies the chemical makeup of wine aromas and how they change in response to bottling. Sacks’ goal is to find a solution that will allow winemakers to predict when their
wines might start to smell like sulfur and to prevent it from happening. Sacks is also working at Cornell’s Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva to create and cultivate new breeds of wine grapes that are better-tasting, more likely to survive tough winters and less susceptible to parasites and diseases. He and other Cornell scientists are looking at the genomes of various grape varieties in order to determine what genes cause flavor, aroma, or growth patterns and discover how to breed more successful varieties of wine grapes. Sacks said his favorite aspect of the job are the differences between analytical, laboratory chemistry and wine chemistry. In analytical chemistry, making a mistake means staying in the lab for extra hours to redo the experiment. With grapes and winemaking, “it could be another year before you get to redo that,” Sacks said. “It’s so frustrating, but it also makes for a lot more enjoyable challenges,” Sacks said. Wine chemists have to be extremely careful with the design and implementation of their experiments in order to avoid wasting time and money, he said. Wine chemistry often involves direct communication between industry and academia, another deviation from pure chemistry. Research being done by a wine scientist can be implemented by winemak-
COURTESY OF GAVIN SACKS
Separating sulfur | Misha Kwansniewski grad and Prof. Gavin Sacks, viticulture and enology, use Alka-Seltzer to detect traces of sulfur residue in wines.
ers around the country in a matter of days, which, according to Sacks, is both rewarding and intimidating. 100,000 wines are approved for sale in the U.S. every year, and Sacks said that picking a favorite wine is like choosing one’s favorite child.
“The fun of wine is trying as many as possible. That’s what makes wine entertaining: there is no such thing as the best,” Sacks said. Kathleen Bitter can be reached at email@example.com.
AguaClara Purifies Water In Honduras CAMILLE WANG Sun Contributor
At the end of winter break, AguaClara, an engineering project team focused on resolving global water problems, visited Honduras to observe water filtration plants. But these were not just any water plants –– these were gravity-powered, sustainable water treatment plants that the students had designed themselves. “A lot of what we work on is directly applicable. The research we do is actually going to be integrated in the designs we use,” said Casey Garland grad, a member of AguaClara. Conventional water treatment plants are very complicated, require tremendous amounts of electrical power and have high maintenance machinery –– all of which are
impractical for resource-poor countries like Honduras, said Mary John ’15 a member of AguaClara. The 14 research sub-teams of AguaClara focus on improving specific sections of the treatment plant, such as sedimentation or filtration. The basic cleansing process used by AguaClara is the same as that used in conventional plants, but the team modifies each step to accommodate the lack of electricity and funding in Honduras. “You really have to design these plants with the people who are using it in mind,” John said. According to AguaClara member Julia Morris ’13, one of the big differences between AguaClara’s plants and conventional plants is that AguaClara has plants that are entirely gravity-powered. The plants are built on the side of a hill, allowing water from streams and
rivers to flow through the system via gravity. Eliminating the need for electricity greatly reduces the cost of running the plant. Thus, the community is more able to fund the construction of and maintain the plant. The supplies used to build the water filtration plant are “locally available, so if something were to break, [the operators] would go to their local hardware store and fix it,” Morris said. The plant design in Honduras utilizes sand filters and pipes which are readily available instead of importing parts and valves. The team set up each plant so that operators can see the water grow clearer with each step. “I think it’s important to see what’s going on. If [the operators] can’t see that it’s working normally and the people are not getting clean
COURTESY OF MICHELLE KIM ’13
Travelling team | AguaClara uses gravity and local supplies to design and build sustainable water filtration plants in resource-poor countries like Honduras.
COURTESY OF MICHELLE KIM ’13
Fixing filters | Harrison Gill ’12 assembles a mini Low-Flow Stacked Rapid Sand Filter at AguaClara’s water filtration plant in Honduras.
water, the community is not going to want to pay to keep the plant going, and thus it’s going to fail and not be sustainable,” Garland said. To judge the cleanliness of the water, AguaClara engineers use the standard unit of NTU, nephelometric turbidity units, to measure the turbidity, or haze of water. The lower the NTU, the cleaner the water. Honduras standards require that water turbidity be under five NTU. AguaClara, however, aims for an NTU below one, which is the standard of the World Health Organization. The most recent plant cleans water to 0.01 NTU, which exceeds the United States standard, and NTU of 0.3. One of the challenges AguaClara faces is that its current technology can only support medium-sized communities in Honduras. Smaller groups under
1,000 people do not need a fullsized plant, but the team must redesign its filtration system in order to accommodate such needs. By reworking its design, AguaClara can expand the number of communities it helps, Garland said. Not only does the team seek to aid smaller communities, it also wants to expand its work to countries besides Honduras. The “need for clean water is everywhere,” according to John. AguaClara is looking to implement its technology in India and central Africa. “It’s so wonderful to be part of a team where I can apply what I learn in the classroom to real life things, and it’s a great way to reassure yourself you’re pursuing the right passions,” John said. Camille Wang can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
10 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT BY PETER JACOBS Sun Staff Writer
Alternative rock legend Black Francis played The Haunt Saturday night, performing songs from every stage of his 20-plus year career to a sold-out crowd. Before the show, The Sun caught up with the former Pixies frontman over the phone to discuss college crowds, traveling and the moment he realized he was a real musician. THE SUN: As a performer, generally, is there a way that you approach something in a college town differently than the way you would a major city or a festival? BLACK FRANCIS: No, not really. I mean, you know, I just do what I do. I mean, I’m aware that I’m in a college town when I’m in a college town, because … I’m pretty comfortable in college towns actually. I live in a college town, I feel like I’m still in college basically. I feel like a college kid, so that’s kind of where I’m at, mentally. So I always feel comfortable there. SUN: On the other side, do you ever notice any differences from a college audience? B.F.: Yeah, I mean, I get where they’re at, where they’re kind of in the college bubble, you know, they’re in the 14th grade. There’s that, I suppose. But that’s not a criticism; I just mean they’re really relaxed, and kind of carefree. They haven’t necessarily taken on the burdens of having to work for a living yet, and all that. … They can kind of be closeminded to certain things, and open-minded to other things, in terms of them listening to your music. I think that they don’t take the event too seriously, in a good way. I think that people that are in the city, that got their day jobs or whatever, they kind of take the event more seriously, because they just got off work and they bought a ticket and they’re out on a date maybe, and it’s like this entertainment event and this is “well now, I’m going to have my fun.” Whereas the college kids, they’re just kind of “whooooo, maaan.” They’re not taking the event so seriously, and that’s kind of good in a way, because they’re not there to kiss my ass or anything, they’re just kind of there. So I can take liberties with that. Also, I’m a chameleon, so maybe I will reflect that. If they have kind of a lighthearted atmosphere, then I’ll be kind of lighthearted. And so it will affect my performance, I suppose. I’m very much a chameleon and very much an empath; I’m kind of reflecting what is around me. SUN: When you begin a project or an album, do you have an idea of what it’s going to sound like? B.F.: No, not at all. I mean, there might be some loose discussions or something, but really it always ends up coming out the way that it comes out. I’ve learned to not rely too much on all the discussions about what it’s going to be, which works fine for me, because that’s not really my personality. My personality is much more about in the moment, and not about having things all planned out. I won’t say I’ve never done anything planned out, but it’s harder for me to take that approach. SUN: When you were working with [tour mate and collaborator] Reid Paley, at what point did you realize what the album Paley & Francis was going to be? FRANCIS: It’s literally like, “Hey, Reid, I’m going to be in Nashville for a couple of days, why don’t you fly out there and we’ll record a record really fast?” In the middle of a tour, I met him in Brooklyn at his apartment maybe a week or two before that, and we started to hash out a few musical structures and ideas.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
Inside the Mind of
And then it was just sort of, “Ok, cool, we started something here. So, see ya in Nashville.” We stayed up all night and wrote lyrics, and went to the studio the next morning, and this was in the middle of a tour, too, so it was very kind of scatterbrained. Well, not scatterbrained, but kind of just this intense 48 hours. That’s how we traditionally work, he and I. We’d done a few songs together a few years ago. Again, I was on tour, and I was going to be in the same hotel for a few nights, and he flew in and got a hotel room and we just kind of banged out a bunch of songs over the course of a few days. Because that’s just the circumstances of his life and my life, and where we’re at. It would be great to just go to Jamaica for a month, and write our next album, but that’s not really the cards that we’ve been dealt.
SUN: As a college student, I’ve studied your music in classes and written about it for papers, and in that vein, how do you feel about your music entering academia? B.F.: Fine, I guess. I guess it potentially makes me start to feel older, but I’m fine with that. I enjoy the idea that I would be discussed in an academic context. I mean, the academic context has really had a big influence on the Pixies. That’s really what partly they were born out of; born out of me primarily being bored in college, but also, to be really getting off on an avant-garde film class or whatever. Whatever I did like about college, whatever I was able to take out of it, I promptly reintroduced into my band situation. And so it had a direct influence on it. I think that the arts, for a lot of people who can get into a college or whatever, that tends to be a place where you find … Maybe you’ve heard about art, maybe you’ve seen a little bit of art, but unless you’re really pursuing it, in a big way as a teenager, maybe in college that’s going to be, for me anyway, it
PHOTOS COURTESY OF BLACK FRANCIS
your career, that you haven’t played that you would like to go? Like somewhere that you think would just be a great place to go and be and perform? B.F.: Yeah, lots of places around the world, sure. I’ve never played in Finland or Poland for example: I really would like to go to those two places. There are just all kinds of places around the world that I’ve never been to in a musical context. There are places I want to go to that I don’t necessarily want to perform in either. I don’t know how relevant I am, culturally speaking, to certain audiences in the world. SUN: Has there been any show or any tour throughout your career that has stood out to you as a high point of validating this? B.F.: That’s a good question. It’s hard to say, I mean, any show that’s sold out is pretty much validating. You know what was really validating was, a few years ago, I was getting ready to do this European tour, and I was fooling with having a website and stuff, and I was trying to come up with a viral concept, a viral idea or whatever, that was really promoted more through cell phones than it was on the Internet. It started off on the Internet, but I think how it caught on was texting. And I did these things called “pre-cores.” It’s a very bad joke, I said when I came to your town, Copenhagen or Berlin or whatever, I was not going to perform an encore at the show, but I would — at 5 o’clock at a certain location in
“Well, I know about this rock music stuff, and I can’t really take a rock music class ... So what do you do? You drop out and you start a band.” Black Francis was one of the first times I went to a gallery and saw paintings on a wall. That was the first time that I saw some professor pontificate and talk on and on and on about some old art film. That’s where you get a lot of exposure … You go to college and you get exposed to a bunch of stuff that maybe you are interested in. And for me, it was art. It was art and music and theater and film, and those were the things that I gravitated towards. And I soon found myself in a situation where after about two years, just being in a college wasn’t really cutting it for me. I needed to be doing the thing that I was interested in. And so if I wasn’t a filmmaker and I wasn’t a painter and I wasn’t a drama student, what was I? Well, I know about this rock music stuff, and I can’t really take a rock music class, that’s not part of the curriculum. So what do you do? You drop out and you start a band. So that’s what I did. SUN: Is there anywhere, at this point in
the city — arrive with my acoustic guitar and perform my pre-core for free. And I would perform for 15 or 20 minutes, sign some autographs, say hello. I did that in every city that I went to, I had a destination, like a rendezvous point, and I didn’t know who would show up. A lot of times it was outside somewhere, like in a park or something. Anyways, some of these events were very small attendance, like just a few people on a rainy street corner watching me play, and that’s sort of what I expected. But there were a few occasion where it totally was nuts, and I remember the most crazy one was in Dublin, Ireland. I tried to arrive at the park, but the park had closed down, they closed the gates of the park, and my rendezvous point was inside the park. So there were all these people in the park trying to get to my rendezvous point, and the police were all trying to throw these people out of the park who wouldn’t leave, because they were running around looking for Frank Black. Anyways, that crowd sort of attracted another crowd, which attracted
another crowd. By the time I arrived, there were literally like 4,000 people at this intersection in Dublin. And I would say probably half the people had no clue as to who I was. But a crowd attracts a crowd, and it was like I was fucking John Lennon or something. It was absolutely mayhem. I was physically removed, the police finally came up to me and were like, “Look, you gotta get out of here. The traffic in the city is getting all stalled up, the buses can’t get through, you gotta get all these people out of here. It’s just out of control here, there’s too many people here.” And they put me in the back of a police car, drove me off to my nightclub engagement. They were perfectly friendly about it — they knew that I wasn’t trying to cause trouble or anything, but it was just this viral event that totally got out of control. And it was very validating. SUN: When did you realize that you could do music professionally? B.F.: I remember playing at a nightclub in Toronto — it was probably the first time I ever travelled to Canada, I don’t know. It was a Pixies show, obviously, and we drove up in our van and we had a couple of shows up there. Back then, the border wasn’t such an uptight affair; we didn’t have passports or anything. I don’t even think we had work permits, I don’t know how we even got into the country. But there we were in a foreign country, so to speak, up in Canada, and I was playing in a club called The Silver Dollar. We weren’t like big stars or anything; maybe we had an EP out. Anyway, we played our show and the band was paid $200 dollars for the performance, US dollars. I remember going upstairs and some older potbellied gentleman, a little bit gruff, was like, “Oh, OK, yeah, you want to get paid? Ok, cool. So, 200 bucks, here you go.” And he counted out 20 dollar bills or whatever, 200 dollars, and gave me 200 bucks! And I was like really satisfied, and it was like, “Yeah, I’m in a foreign city, I’m in Toronto and I just got paid 200 bucks, and, hell, this is going to like pay for our gas and our motel room tonight, and this is awesome.” It was like, “I am in, man. I am in the club. I just made 200 bucks.” I mean, even 200 bucks back then to me wasn’t a lot of money, but it was money, it was real money. It wasn’t like 20 bucks, it was 200 bucks. I can do something with that; I can buy a meal with that, I can get gas with it or I can pay a bill or something. So that’s when it became real, when I started to make a little bit of money … I knew I wasn’t a star, but I’m like, “You know what? I fucking play music and the guy gave me 200 bucks. Get out of my way everybody, because I’m a rock musician.” Peter Jacobs is a senior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Wednesday, February 13, 2013 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | 11
Higher Education = Hazing? OLEANNA
BY DAVEEN KOH Arts and Entertainment Editor
You should be nervous. A feverish clock punctuates every word, every silence. John (Tim Perry), a college professor, is wrestling with a phone and a crowded desk. Studiously, then furiously, Carol (Darcy Jo Martin) squints at her notebook and flips the cramped pages. She has tried everything, and yet she cannot understand any of the material John is teaching in class, which incidentally is about learning and cognition. John tries hard to inspire. He even fends off increasingly frenetic calls from his real estate agent and his wife and ends up missing a surprise party celebrating the announcement of his tenure. Imploring Carol to stay, he promises to replace her dismal final grade with an ‘A’ if she allows him to go over the course material with her again. When a frazzled Carol asks John why he is treating her so exceptionally, John simply says, “I like you.” Oleanna is no Dead Poet’s Society. First staged to critical acclaim in Cambridge, M.A., in 1992, and later turned into a startlingly less compelling film following off-Broadway success, David Mamet’s contentious twocharacter play will appear this month at The Reader’s Theatre under the direction of Anne Marie Cummings. Even when the lights dim for the first time, there is no music, unlike in previous Readers’ Theatre productions. The clock persists. The innocuous phrase “I don’t understand” becomes the play’s bleak refrain, and as the characters spar it becomes harder to tell who has the right to teach. The genius of Mamet’s play is that you don’t notice how everything that is a certainty at the start of the play’s start seems founded on quicksand as the end draws near. Mamet goes out of his way to antagonize, to mostly spectacular effect. To John, college education is “hazing,” a kind “ritualized annoyance” that students too unquestioningly covet because society has misled them into thinking that higher education is a right. His words irk Carol, who deems them sexist and elitist, and her anger is not unjustified. The extent of her wrath astonishes. With the newfound backing of a shadowy, presumably feminist “group,” Carol accuses John of sexual
COURTESY OF THE READER’S THEATRE
harassment and lodges a formal complaint with the tenure committee. She causes John to lose everything — his tenure appointment, his new house and perhaps even the trust of his family. As John, Perry allows a gripping vulnerability that makes it hard for the viewer to see him as the ignorantly monstrous, power-hungry hypocrite that Carol makes him out to be. There is a gentleness about his self-deprecating attempts to put Carol at ease when she first arrives, desperate and disillusioned, at his office. Although verbose and pedantic, John’s banter about “the tenure committee, here to judge me” and his own youthful struggles with self-worth and failure seems imperfect but guileless. It’s far too tempting to dismiss Carol as hopelessly maladjusted, reactionary and lost. She has several less than poetic lines that seem lifted from half-remembered movies — “you little yapping fool” and “you’re not god” are some of the pointed insults Carol hurls at John during their concluding conversation. It’s apparent that Carol is troubled; midway through John’s lecture she succumbs to a panic attack and manages an anguished, “I’m bad.” Along with John, we struggle to make sense of Carol, and oscillate between sympathy and frustration. At some points, it seems as if Carol might just be making sense — isn’t it fair to construe John’s sexually explicit remarks as a kind
of subtle harassment? But our compassion is vehemently tested. John’s incredulous rage is perfectly comprehensible when Carol declares, impassioned, “I saw you, Professor, for two semesters, sit there, stand there and exploit your, as you thought, ‘paternal prerogative,’ and what is that but rape?” Her parting shot, crossly delivered as John attempts to reassure his wife over the phone, stuns: “Don’t call your wife ‘baby’.” Titled after a Norwegian folk song in which composer Ole Bull lays out his vision of the United States as an ideal society, Oleanna is steeped in political entanglements. Looming ominously over the play’s testy proceedings is the Clarence Thomas-Anita Hill controversy which drew national attention to workplace sexual assault and ignited a wave of workplace reform. Crucial as all this may be, though, it can detract from some of the play’s most exquisite moments. John’s early sermon on failure and worthlessness, is one instance: “I feel unworthy; I feel unprepared. I must fail.” Pointing out the ludicrous reality of being enslaved to “some joke thing that some school kid told me that took up space within my head,” John goes on to describe how he “worked [his] way out of the need to fail.” If you’ve had a youthful addiction to a certain kind of sadness, John’s words might prove cutting. As the Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert has observed, of the off-Broadway production, we leave Oleanna enraged but unsure of the cause of our rage: Is it political correctness or sexual exploitation that disconcerts us? Or perhaps we’re annoyed by seemingly endless academic bickering — “my paradigm is better than your paradigm,” as Perry expressed it, following Wednesday’s rehearsal. Or maybe we’ve been so conditioned by this paternalistic, sycophantic system that we’re too deluded to tell. What we want, and can only hope to guess at, is the truth. Oleanna opens Feb. 22 at The Space next to Greenstar. For ticket information, visit www.thereaderstheatre.com. Daveen Koh is a senior in the College of Architecture, Art and Planning. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Pains of Being Dell, Inc
ast week, Dell announced that it would return to private ownership, with the company being split between its founder, Michael Dell, and a privateequity firm. By going private, Dell will be free from an obligation to publicly disclose its profits and revenues, undoubtedly a smart move for a company bleeding money and market share. The primary reason for Dell’s recent downturn has been the advent of Android and iOS smartphones and tablets, which have been cannibalizing PC sales. Ironically, this is the same company whose founder, back in 1997, said that if he were Steve Jobs, he would shut down Apple and give money to its shareholders. But there’s a secondary reason for Dell’s slump: Its computers were, and are, designed badly. Not only are they consistently ugly, but their ugliness has made them unreliable, loud, hot, slow and prone to breakage. Dell, of course, was successful early on because its products were priced competitively. But beyond cheap computers, the company never figured out what people wanted, so they tried — and often failed — to please consumers in every possible way (except with a higher quality product). Its website once had a section called Della, which proclaimed that pink Mini 10 netbooks are a better way for women to look up recipes, watch cooking videos and count
calories. The company has also offered perplexing “artistic graphical designs” as ways for people to customize these same netbooks, which mostly looked like somebody vomited Microsoft Office Clip Art. The most egregious offense can be found on Alienware gaming laptop computers. Here, there are flashy LED lights not just on the top of the computer, but also on the sides, the speakers and on the keyboard. The trackpad was backlit with Dell’s logo! Don’t you want to be constantly reminded that you’re using a Dell computer? All this flashy branding isn’t obnoxious; your friends have Macs with the Apple logo, right? You own a REAL computer, not some fruit. Indeed, throughout its entire tenure, the company has had a strange design resentment-obsession with Apple. Dell consistently came out with knock-offs so clearly (and poorly) mimicking Apple’s designs that I
Kai Sam Ng You’ve Got To Be Kitsching Me couldn’t help but wonder whether it was secretly owned by Apple to drive people towards Macs. At the company’s sanest, the Inspiron E1405 looked like a Fisher-Price MacBook Pro, with a plastic silver body
(prone to flaking) with white plastic trim (prone to discoloration). The overall weight was 5.3 pounds, but the lackadaisical industrial design made holding the laptop at certain places alternately feel like holding a hollow block or a plutonium bomb. The first generation MacBook Pro, which was heavier, actually felt solid. Maybe the Inspiron’s weight issue could be explained by the malignant protrusions on the computer’s underside, with random holes and slots without purpose (turns out it’s because the casing was ‘recycled’ from another model). The MacBook Pro was smooth. At Dell’s craziest, you have the Adamo XPS, whose ridiculousness cannot be fully appreciated until you have seen it. Instead of sitting flat on the desk and flipping the screen up, the keyboard flipped down at an angle, the entire computer’s weight resting on a questionably built hinge. Typing on this computer was a nail-biting experience; every keystroke was a mix of saying grace for the computer not-breaking and a prayer that the next will not. The lid closure was not magnetic but a weird “touch-strip,” which you had to slide your finger across to open. It sometimes didn’t work, meaning you didn’t even have physical access to your computer. Dell tried so hard to show it could design something better than Apple that it went nuts. Dell has wised up recently and produced more logical designs, but they have mostly been lifted from not just Apple, but other manufacturers like Lenovo, HP and Toshiba. They still have a love for plastic that is only outmatched by the girl who eats it on My Strange Addiction. The font they use on
NILS AXEN / SUN CONTRIBUTOR
keyboards is questionable. Even with flashy new materials, the build quality is still horrific (the XPS 12’s carbon fiber warps and squeaks). In addition, they now suffer from a Microsoft problem: Windows 8 is epically confusing and unusable. Dell’s demise is not a just a schadenfreude trip, but a hard lesson for other tech companies that design means as much to consumers than a simple price point and the fastest processors. This is a lesson that many competitors in the smartphone and tablet markets have taken to heart. If it’s solidly built, good-looking, stable and usable, there will always be somebody that buys your product. Otherwise, you will be forced to eat your words and retreat with your tail between your legs. Disclosure: The author owns a Toshiba laptop. Kai Sam Ng is a junior in the School of Labor and Industrial Relations. He can be reached at email@example.com. You’ve Got To Be Kitsching Me appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
12 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis
ACROSS 1 Medical amts. 4 Be accountable (for) 10 Remove, as coupons 14 Ernst collaborator 15 Electronic music genre 16 Spherical opening? 17 Titanic compartment on the lowest level 19 “All __”: 1931 tune 20 Height: Pref. 21 Lord’s Prayer opener 22 Arterial trunk 24 __ León: Monterrey’s state 26 Setup of a sort 29 Okay 31 Okay 32 Project, with “out” 33 Mediterranean capital 36 Farm female 37 Drive-in offering, and what 17-, 26-, 50- or 60Across has, in more ways than one 41 1% of a cool mil 42 Lethargic 43 Stein filler 44 Poet’s contraction 46 Discography entries 50 Country kitchen design option 54 Wash softly against 55 Words after “What a coincidence!” 56 Muppet friend of Elmo 58 Poet’s preposition 59 Italian carmaker 60 Verify 63 “Poppycock!” 64 Find, as a frequency 65 Whopper, e.g. 66 Very dark
67 It has its ups and downs 68 Family guy
35 Tabloid subj. 36 Spa treatment 37 Aspect of paranoia 38 Person in the know 39 Therapists’ org. 40 Cultivate 41 Smidge 44 Unit of resistance 45 Official orders 47 Defended, as family honor
48 Brady Bunch girl 49 Fed the fire 51 Cartoonist Guisewite or her title character 52 Depleted layer 53 Blooms for lovers 57 “¿Cómo __?” 59 Justice Dept. division 61 Wish one hadn’t 62 Udder woman?
DOWN 1 Poolside structure 2 Springtime bloomer 3 Tapering tops 4 Wore (away) 5 Fiery emperor? 6 Clean with effort 7 Fingerprint ridge ANSWER TO PREVIOUS 8 Ambient music pioneer Brian 9 Parmesan alternative 10 A minor, for one 11 Didn’t quite close 12 Childish 13 Slapstick prop 18 Film Volkswagen with “53” painted on it 23 Singular 25 Mark on an otherwise perfect record? 27 Place in the earth 28 Hot time in France 30 Dawn-dusk link 34 Like the ’80s firstname.lastname@example.org look, now
Puzzle #32 Boy Blue
There are two forces that can carry light to all corners of the globe: the sun in the heavens and The Sun down here.
Fill in the empty cells, one number in each, so that each column, row, and region contains the numbers 1-9 exactly once. Each number in the solution therefore occurs only once in each of the three “directions,” hence the “single numbers” implied by the puzzle’s name. (Rules from wikipedia.org/wiki /Sudoku)
Circles and Stuff
By Janice Luttrell and Patti Varol (c)2013 Tribune Media Services, Inc.
COMICS AND PUZZLES
by Robert Radigan grad
by Garry Trudeau
by Travis Dandro
by Ali Solomon ’01
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 13
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yeah, we’ve been around awhile...
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
C.U.Wrestlers Petition to Keep Sport WRESTLING
Continued from page 16
was identified by the IOC Executive Board,” said United States Olympic Committee CEO Scott Blackmun in a statement. “Given the history and tradition of wrestling, and its popularity and universality, we were surprised when the decision was announced.” At home on the Hill, three-time national champion and senior cocaptain Kyle Dake was less than pleased. “It’s unreal, I never though it would happen,” Dake said. “It is one of the biggest events in the world and something every [wrestler] wants to go to as they are growing up.” Dake and his teammates have been working to spread the word about this new development, urging followers of the sport to sign a petition encouraging the IOC to reconsider the decision. “Today I’ve been doing radio interviews, online petitions, talking with coaches and other wrestlers from different schools about how terrible it is,” Dake said. “It is the same as taking away the NBA or the NHL and telling athletes the best you can do is win in college. That is insane, because not everyone hits their peak at similar times.” Considering that the IOC declared that the decision was not a final one, Dake said he believes progress can be made if the wrestling community comes together. “I am confident that it will be reinstated, but it is going to take a ton of hard work throughout the nation and the world,” he said. Haley Velasco can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lee Returns Next Month O’KASICK
Continued from page 15
belt, Matt Lee, is set to report for duty to Ultimate Athletics in March. The Bombsquad might have lost one BJJ bruiser to Brazil, but it gained a featherweight phenom from Dagestan. That’s right, Dagestan. Shahbulat Shamhalaev, aka Shah, made the jump to Ithaca from the Russian republic when he entered the Bellator World Featherweight Championship tournament. After scoring two first-round TKO victories, Shah now faces Rad Martinez Feb. 21 in the finals, with the winner earning a $100,000 contract and shot at the Bellator Featherweight titleholder. Look for a feature on Shah in the next edition of Fight Life in Ithaca. To read about Fight Life in Africa, visit cornellsun.com. J.D. O’Kasick can be reached at email@example.com.
14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013
With Hollinger in Front Office, Grizzlies Rely More on Analytics SMITH
Continued from page 16
This determination is due to advanced statistical metrics like Player Efficiency Rating and True Shooting Percentage that prove that even though Gay might be a productive scorer, he is highly inefficient. Therefore, he is not nearly as valuable as the casual fan or traditional basketball theorist might perceive. In fact, Player Efficiency Rating, an allencompassing metric developed by the former ESPN analyst John Hollinger, rates Rudy Gay as worse than the average NBA player (Gay’s PER is 14.92 compared to the league average of 15). Also, according to Hollinger’s Trade Machine on ESPN.com, the Grizzlies gained six win shares in the trade by picking up Tayshaun Prince, Austin Daye and Ed Davis and the Raptors lost three win shares by receiving Gay and Hamed Haddadi. What is even more inter-
Most NBA teams are seeing the use of analytics as a way to gain competitive advantage over their peers esting is that Hollinger, the long-time leader of this relatively underground analytics movement, was hired by the Grizzlies to be their Vice President of Basketball Operations earlier this year. By making his move to the Grizzlies, Hollinger made the rare jump from member of the media to front office executive. It is only fitting that he is now putting his advanced algorithms and analytics to work by pulling the trigger on the Gay trade. These revolutionary statistics do not come without their faults, though, and until they are fully put to the test, their true value will continue to be debatable. For example, Player Efficiency Rating — the most prominent basketball analytic — is often criticized for not giving extensive credit for outstanding defense. Also, there is no possible fool-proof way to use mathematics to predict how well two players will mesh together. Unlike baseball, where each individual’s performance is largely independent of the players around him, in basketball, teamwork is essential. So despite the fact that Hollinger and his statistics made a solid case for the trading of Gay, there were still great risks to making this deal that the Grizzlies had to accept. Two other reasons stand out as to why the Grizzlies might want to make this type of trade. First, two seasons ago, the Grizzlies made an improbable run past the top-seeded San Antonio Spurs to the Western Conference Semi-Finals while
Gay was injured. This gave the front office some background of on-court success without Gay and helped validate the evidence of their numbers. Secondly, the Grizzlies’ owner, Robert Pera, is the founder of Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., and one of the 10 youngest billionaires in the world. It only makes sense that the owner backing up this type of deal happens to be a tech start-up whiz kid who has achieved enormous success through innovation. The Grizzlies may be making waves now for their use of basketball analytics — especially since they hired Hollinger — but it is far from the first or only team using them. For example, one of the highest profile basketball analytic proponents is Daryl Morey, the general manager of the Houston Rockets who was hired in 2005. Morey, a graduate of Northwestern University with an MBA from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was about as surprising a hire as one could imagine in the NBA at the time. But even Morey in his high-ranking position has faced many traditional barriers to implementing his metric driven opinions. The head coach of the Houston Rockets at the time, Jeff Van Gundy, was quoted in a recent Sports Illustrated article saying, “There was a lot of trepidation in our coaching staff. What did this mean? Would it impact in a negative light how we coach?” And while Van Gundy and Morey were quick to resolve their differences in Houston, this backlash of coaches against the analytics movement is a common theme. Earlier this season, the Philadelphia 76ers coach, Doug Collins, responded to a question about his use of analytics with the response that, “If I did that, I would have to blow my brains out.” Unfortunately for Collins, however, the 76ers went out and hired an analytics specialist only a week later anyway. By now, most NBA teams are seeing the use of analytics as a way to gain a competitive advantage over their peers or at least negate another team’s advantage. But no matter how much evidence there is to show the value of these statistics, there are still dozens of traditional basketball minds that reject them. Obviously, by making the move for Gay, the Raptors are neglecting them in their own right. A year or two from now, when we look back at this trade and evaluate its results, it might help us reach a clearer conclusion on which evaluation process is more effective — that of the advanced basketball analytic or the traditional basketball theorist.
Alex Smith can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, February 13, 2013 15
SWIMMING & DIVING
C.U. Prepares for Final Meet Before Ivy Championships Red to take on local rival Ithaca College in rematch of successful earlier season competition By JOHN McGRORTY Sun Staff Writer
Select members of the Cornell men’s and women’s swimming and diving teams will head to Ithaca College this Saturday at 1 p.m. to participate in the Red’s final regular season meet. With the team beginning to taper and prepare both mentally and physically for the Ivy League Championships, this weekend will be the last chance for the squad to improve upon its previous performances in a real racing environment. Earlier this season, the Red came out on top in the Ithaca College Bomber Invitational. The men earned a final score of 837.5 points while Ithaca College placed second with just 1080.5. The women were also successful at the Invitational with a 1648-point win over Colgate. The teams are looking forward to seeing where they are in their taper and hope to have the opportunity to swim in an environment that will simulate the Ivy League Championships. “This meet gives us all a good feel about how our taper is going and what final changes can be made to ensure fast swimming at Princeton and Brown,” sophomore swimmer Bethany Douglas said. Sophomore Nicole Jibrine added that members of the team are excited to try out new events. “The team is really excited about the Ithaca College Meet. Some of us get to choose our events that we don't normally swim,” she said. “The people who are swimming at this meet are definitely using it to see how fast they can swim before Ivy Championships. It will be a great indicator to see how taper is working.” This meet will help the Red understand what it needs to continue to do to be successful. The teams understand that in addition to beating Ithaca College, this meet will help members improve their times and place better at the Championships. “This meet is about our team swimming to reach our own personal best times — just using the competition to help us achieve this goal, rather than worrying about the
BETH SPERGEL / SUN FILE PHOTO
Suit up | The Red hopes to repeat its earlier season performance against Ithaca College Saturday before diving into Ivy League Championships in early March.
score,” Douglas said. The squads, however, said that they have adequate time for recovery and rest before the big meet ahead, though. “For the Championship season, we have started resting and tapering. Everyone loves this part of the season because practices become shorter and easier, so you can rest your muscles and focus on racing,” Jibrine said. With practices shortening and the season coming to an
VanderPutten, who recorded a 9.625for third place, and freshman Kennedy Prentice, who placed fourth with a 9.600. Placing first with 48.275, vault was also a strong event for Cornell. Archer finished first in the event with a 9.750 — her highest score of the season. Hein and freshmen Sara Schupp and Alicia Bair tied for second place with 9.650. The
“We’ve had a solid start to our season and now it’s time to keep pushing it even more.” McKenna Archer high mark was a career-best for Schupp. VanderPutten rounded out the places for the Red, tying for third with 9.575. Beam was the only category in which Cornell did not earn the highest team score, despite Archer and junior Melanie Jorgensen placing in first and second with a 9.650 and 9.575, respectively. Sophomore Christine Wong tied for third with a 9.550. On Sunday, the Red will travel to Maryland to compete against Towson, Ursinus and Temple in the Shelli Calloway Invitational. Cornell currently ranks sixth among its USAG opponents with a season-high 191.800 and average 190.480 in its first five meets of the season. Heading into the weekend at Towson,
Cornell will need to focus on sharpening routines, eliminating falls and reducing the number of mistakes in all the routines, according to Beckwith. “We are working really hard to complete a solid meet with no falls or major errors,” he said. “If we can do this, we will have a real shot at beating Towson. I am confident that when we hit all of our routines we can score two points better than what we have been doing.” Based on the performances at the past five meets, the Red has a strong roster of high caliber athletes; however, according to Archer, having each member of the team give her best possible performance at the same meet has been something the Red has been working towards. “Our team has a lot of potential this year, and we’re looking to put it all together as we get closer to our postseason meets,” she said. “We’ve had a solid start to our season and now it’s time to keep pushing it even more. We’re not focusing on scores so much as we are on performing the best possible routines.” Hein added that staying poised in practice will help translate into more confident performances in the next few meets. “We’ve been looking great in practice. We just have to keep the nerves away, stay focused and complete our routines like we perform them in practice,” she said. “We’re looking for solid, confident performances on all four events and to not count any falls on our events.” Lauren Ritter can be reached at email@example.com.
John McGrorty can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Don’t Call It A Comeback
After Strong Start to Season, Red Strives to Stay Confident Continued from page 16
end, the Red aims to have a good last push in its 2012-13 season. “Eating right, sleeping more and befriending the TCAT are enabling us to rest up for Championships,” Douglas said. “It’s a mental game, but we’re much more confident than last year. We’re ready.”
t’s back to fisticuffs and strangleholds. Let’s talk journeymen and pound-for-pound badasses. After eight months of research in East Africa, I have reentered Big Red country, and so Fight Life in Ithaca makes its return to the Sun. You can still have Sex on Thursdays, but now you must first earn those coital escapades via bare-knuckle Hump Day brawls with me.
New York remains one of only four states in the nation that has yet to legally sanction pro MMA — a blood-boiling issue this column will eventually take on. In upping the ante for highprofile MMA in New York State, Gladius Fights seems to have struck the big digitus medius in the direction of Albany. In other news, Team Bombsquad has had more scoops than one reporter
J.D. O’Kasick Fight Life in Ithaca While I have been away, the local fight scene has exploded with kickinggood stories and hooks of intrigue. The most prominent development came in September with the launch of Gladius Fights, which bills itself as New York’s only professional mixed martial arts promotion. It takes its name from the short sword wielded by Roman foot soldiers and is the brainchild of Ithaca’s Ryan Ciotoli, who also runs Ultimate Athletics and manages the pack of pro fighters in Team Bombsquad. To avoid censure from the New York State Athletic Commission, the promotion holds its professional bouts on Native American reservations and amateur competitions statewide. Note that
could cover in a season. Its biggest loss came with the vanishing act of Rene “The Brazilian Bomber” Nazare, a standout fighter and now former Brazilian jiu-jitsu instructor at Ultimate Athletics. After suffering three consecutive losses in Bellator Fighting Championships, Nazare journeyed to his home country and simply never came back. The scuttlebutt on the street has everything from immigration issues to a defeated spirit that prevented Nazare’s return. Whatever the case, we wish Nazare well and may he return to victory. As his worthy BJJ master replacement, MMA veteran and black See O’KASICK page 13
The Corne¬ Daily Sun
WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 13, 2013
Rudy Gay and NBA Analytics S
ince its release, I have always been puzzled as to how Hollywood turned Michael Lewis’ novel Moneyball into a blockbuster film. If you really boil the story down to its core, it is merely about the importance of crunching numbers and crawling through pages of data. Yes,
ketball through numbers is the trade last month between the Memphis Grizzlies, Toronto Raptors and Detroit Pistons. For those unaware, it was in this trade that Memphis — which is currently in fourth place in the Western Conference — shipped leading scorer Rudy Gay to Toronto. The move
ENOCK NEWKIRK / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
A disappointing takedown | Senior co-captain Kyle Dake expressed his disapproval at the International Olympic Committee’s decision to drop wrestling from the 2020 games.
Wrestling Dropped From 2020 Games By HALEY VELASCO Sun Assistant Sports Editor
Yesterday, the International Olympic Committee dropped wrestling for the 2020 Games, causing an uproar in the wrestling community. Olympic wrestling is one of the oldest sports played in the games altogether, dating back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896. Because of the decision, wrestling has been removed from the Olympic’s 26 core sports, opening up a spot for a potential new sport. It was one of three options to be removed, including field hockey and modern pentathlon. The final vote will be made at the IOC general assembly in September in Buenos Aires, Argentina. “Today's decision is not final,” said IOC spokesman Mark Adams in a statement. “The session is sovereign and the session will make the final decision.” According to Adams, this preliminary decision
is part of a revamping of the Games. “This is a process of renewing and renovating the program for the Olympics,” Adams said. “In the view of the executive board, this was the best program for the Olympic Games in 2020. It's not a case of what's wrong with wrestling, it is what's right with the 25 core sports.” The sports that will be competing for the extra spot are baseball and softball combined, karate, squash, roller sports, sport climbing, wakeboarding, wushu and wrestling. The IOC reported that they analyzed more than three-dozen criteria including television ratings, ticket sales, anti-doping policy, global participation and popularity. The IOC executive board will meet in May in St. Petersburg, Russia to decide which sport to include in the 2020 games. “We knew that today would be a tough day for American athletes competing in whatever sport See WRESTLING page 15
Billy Beane and his assistant Paul Depodesta did radically reevaluate how America’s Pastime was played, but they did it in the confines of an office. However, regardless of whether you find it entertaining or not, the results of their findings helped the Oakland Athletics achieve great success despite their miniscule payroll. Essentially, the advanced analytics these two minds chose to value allowed the A’s to gain a competitive advantage over their peers. So now, because of their undeniable value in helping a team gain a competitive advantage, similar advanced statistical metrics are being used to reevaluate the way NBA games are played. At the crux of this movement towards defining bas-
was highly criticized in many basketball circles as it was assumed the trade was done merely to help Memphis avoid luxury tax penalties. Why else would the Grizzlies be so keen to give up their most exciting and dynamic player in the midst of a playoff push? One of these critics, the New York Daily News, described the trade this way: “The Grizzlies have gone from having championship aspirations to patting themselves on their backs for cutting more than $40 million in salaries over the next three seasons.” And while the Daily News is correct about Memphis cutting salary, in no way has Memphis given up its lofty championship goals. See SMITH page 13
Seniors Finish Strong in Last Home Meet By LAUREN RITTER Sun Sports Editor
On Saturday afternoon, seniors McKenna Archer, Sarah Hein and Ashley Maher competed in their last home meet of their Cornell careers. The trio performed in front of friends and family at Teagle Gymnasium, earning five Top-7 finishes and helping their teammates win the 2013 Big Red Invitational title. Cornell scored 190.625, easily edging out Brockport (187.250), Cortland (186.775) and Ithaca (180.125). “It felt great to win our invitational in front of a home crowd this weekend,” Hein said. “It’s always exciting when we have three visiting teams and a full Teagle [Gymnasium], so for us to stay focused through the meet and pull out ahead was a good feeling and experience for the team.” Archer led the way for the Red, earning the top marks on both vault (9.750) and beam (9.650). Hein was
close behind, recording a 9.650 for vault and 9.625 on bars. Maher placed seventh on bars with a 9.425, rounding out the seniors’ contributions to the team’s winning score. The Big Red Invitational marks the fourth time in the season’s five meets that the Red has surpassed 190.000. “It’s great that we’ve been consistently over 190 this season, but at this point in the season, we’re looking to be in the 192 range,” Hein said. “These past couple of meetings, we’ve had to count some falls, which have put us down at 190. We have the potential to go to 192 and higher. We have yet to put it all together in one meet.” Giving strong performances across the four events has been a challenge for the Red this season. After fighting through a few unanticipated falls in past weeks, Cornell has consistently improved with each passing meet. “It is a good start [to score 190 at the Big Red Invitational,] but we still
are not performing up to the level we should be,” said head coach Paul Beckwith. “We ended up last season with our last two meets well over 192, and I know that we are a stronger team than that. We need to kick it up a notch if we want to win [the Ivy Championship] in two weeks.” On bars, juniors Melanie Jorgensen and Lexi Schupp dominated the competition, tying for first place with 9.800 — the highest score of the day. Cornell had the highest score for the event with 48.300. Junior Sarah Wetter started the Red off on bars, posting a career-best 9.650. Hein and Maher were close behind with 9.625 and 9.425, respectively. Cornell also posted the top score for floor, 47.400, despite experiencing a few rough performances, according to Beckwith. The high scores for the Red came from sophomore Sammy See GYMNASTICS page 8
KYLE KULAS / SUN STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Beaming for the fans | In her last performance in Teagle Gymnasium on Saturday, senior McKenna Archer earned the top mark on beam with a score of 9.650.