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The Corne¬ Daily Sun Vol. 130, No. 72




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V.P. Moves Ahead

Fitness: A Cure?

On the Right Track

Mostly Cloudy HIGH: 4° LOW: 1°

Vice President Elmira Mangum will serve as the first female president at Florida A&M. | Page 3

Cornell researchers have discovered that exercise can help reduce bone cancer growth. | Page 10

Cornell track and field finished the Penn State meet with strong individual performances. | Page 16

C.U.a Top-Ranked STEM Ivy NSA Debacle Raises 45% of Cornell degrees in related fields Issues of Privacy, Cornell Prof Says

By LAUREN AVERY Sun Senior Writer

Nearly half — 45 percent — of all undergraduate degrees granted at Cornell in 2012 were in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, or “STEM” fields, according to a study by U.S. News and World Report. According to Lance Collins, dean of the College of Engineering, most STEM degrees at Cornell are offered by the three largest colleges: the College of Arts and Sciences,

the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences and the College of Engineering. The engineering college alone grants roughly 22 percent of all undergraduate degrees, Collins said. In addition, Cornell issues the highest percentage of bachelor’s degrees in STEM fields among the Ivy League universities, according to the June 2013 report. Mark Savage, director of cooperative education and career services for the engineering college, said the number of students in the college can be attributed to the broad definition of STEM-related See STEM page 4


World of science | The College of Engineering grants about 22 percent of Cornell undergraduate degrees.


the program’s procedures. According to Obama’s address, access of phone records Amid a climate of controver- would be shifted from the intelsy regarding the National ligence agencies and governSurveillance Agency’s methods ment to other owners, though of data collection, Prof. Stephen Wicker said most phone compaWicker, elecnies already trical and hold the data. Access of phone computer Wicker records would be engineering, added that the says he is concourt cases shifted from the cerned about Smith intelligence agencies Maryland andv. the lack of transparency ACLU v. and government to within the Clapper have other owners. g ov e r n m e n t created preceand the NSA. dent to label NSA activities have been the this phone data as unprotected subject of speculation and high- by the Fourth Amendment. lighted by the press since June A proposed change would 2013, when ex-NSA contractor require prior court approval to Edward Snowden leaked secret access phone records, although information on the agency, in “cases of emergency” the which revealed a global surveil- agency would be able to access lance system managed by several pertinent data easily, Obama countries, according to Wicker. said. In a speech last Friday, President Barack Obama See NSA page 5 addressed proposed changes to Sun Staff Writer

Proposed City Policy Imposes Rules on Food Truck Expansion By SOFIA HU Sun Staff Writer

A new policy proposed by the City of Ithaca that would regulate when and where food trucks could operate has raised concern among restaurant owners

200 feet, has been changed to 100 feet and is still apt to change as a subcommittee continues to work on the proposal. The proposed policy also requires food truck owners to pay a permit application fee of $100 in

Some restaurant owners are concerned with potential competition from food trucks that face lower overhead costs. and other members of the community. The proposed policy sets a minimum distance between the location of food trucks and traditional “brick-and-mortar” restaurants, according to the draft of the policy. This distance, which was initially set at

addition to permit fees, depending on where and when the food trucks operate. According to the draft, food trucks in residential areas will not be allowed to operate beyond lunch and dinner hours and are not allowed to sell food from 2:00 to 6:00 a.m.

As the city offers new curbside locations for food trucks to park, some restaurant owners are concerned with potential competition from food trucks, which face lower overhead costs and fees. “I have a little bit of concern in Collegetown, where [our business] has a couple of restaurants that have pretty brisk hours during which food trucks are proposed to be open,” said Frost Travis, president Travis Hyde Properties. “But I think if the minimum distance between food trucks and restaurants is maintained, it will be fair, and it will create some competition.” While restaurants pay rent or property taxes, hire staff, and have larger start-


Epic meal time | Louie’s Lunch is a food truck that operates on the Cornell University campus. The city of Ithaca is currently deliberating changing its food truck policy.

up costs, they also have bigger kitchens and larger menus, according to J.P. Vico, owner of Circus Truck. Although food trucks would be limited to vending one day a week at neighborhood parks, this

policy does not affect food trucks on private property. The Board of Public Works held two public hearings within the past month, where members of the public expressed differing views on the policy. The

prospect of more food trucks in business has raised both excitement and worries, according to Alderperson Donna Fleming (D3rd Ward). “The public reaction See FOOD page 5

2 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Weird News

Umpteen speedy televisions perused two sheep, then umpteen tickets towed Jupiter, and Dan untangles five progressive orifices. Umpteen quixotic aardvarks annoyingly bought two Macintoshes. Umpteen bureaux tickled two extremely putrid botulisms. Paul sacrificed one lampstand, then Jupiter marries the very quixotic pawnbroker. Five purple poisons laughed, yet umpteen chrysanthemums kisses five aardvarks. Batman noisily untangles one Jabberwocky. Two Macintoshes laughed, then one extremely schizophrenic Jabberwocky drunkenly untangles two sheep, however Quark telephoned umpteen obese Jabberwockies. Five irascible botulisms slightly lamely auctioned off the subway, and five chrysanthemums easily untangles one mostly speedy Klingon. Five dogs drunkenly perused Minnesota, however the mats ran away cleverly, although one partly progressive subway quite comfortably sacrificed

Today Daybook

of the Week

Today Entomology Seminar Series 11 a.m. - noon, A137 Barton Lab

Four Kittens Pull ‘Break-In’ at N.Y. Prison

Cocoa in the Straight Noon - 2 p.m., Willard Straight Hall “Water Resources and Unconventional Oil And Gas Production” 3:30 - 4:30 p.m., 2146 Snee Hall

FORT ANN, N.Y. (AP) — A litter of kittens has found a cozy home in the least cozy of places — a maximum-security prison in upstate New York. The Post-Star of Glens Falls reports four kittens found their way into the basement of the Great Meadow Correctional Facility in Fort Ann a few months ago. That’s near the Vermont border 55 miles northeast of Albany. The family of feral felines has been cared for by inmates and prison staff, including head electrician Bruce Porter. He arrives at work early so he can tend to the cats, which live in a large cage built by an inmate. Another inmate takes care of the cats on weekends when many prison employees are off. Prison officials say they’re hoping to find the kittens homes among the staff.

“Live Your Dream” Artivism 7 p.m., Big Red Barn Graduate and Professional Student Center

Tomorrow Chinese Traditional Dress and Its Influence 8 a.m. - 8 p.m., Terrace Level Display Cases, Human Ecology Building Student Assembly Meeting 4:45 - 6 p.m., Memorial Room, Willard Straight Hall

Ohio Zoo Euthanizes Hippo Believed to Be About 59

Reading by James McConkey 4:30 p.m., Hollis E. Cornell Auditorium, Goldwin Smith Hall

CLEVELAND (AP) — A Nile hippopotamus believed to be the oldest in North America has died at an Ohio zoo. The Cleveland Metroparks Zoo says the male hippo was euthanized Monday due to “advanced age-related ailments.” The zoo says the hippo was named Blackie

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and was about 59 years old. A zoo announcement says Blackie sired three male offspring after arriving at the zoo from Africa in 1955. Blackie was born in a game sanctuary in Tanzania. The zoo says hippos typically live 30 to 40 years in the wild and can live longer in captivity.

N.J.’s Pigskin-Picking Camel Dies Before Super Bowl LACEY TOWNSHIP, N.J. (AP) — New Jersey’s pigskin-prognosticating camel has died just weeks before the state is set to host its first Super Bowl. Princess was a fixture at the Popcorn Park Zoo in Lacey Township for 10 years and gained fame for picking winners. Zoo manager John Bergmann tells the Asbury Park Press the 26-year-old Bactrian camel was euthanized after arthritis made it impossible for her to stand. Princess’ made her picks with graham crackers. Bergmann would hold one in each hand, marked with the names of the competing teams. Whichever hand she chose was her prediction. Princess correctly picked the Baltimore Ravens in last year’s Super Bowl. Her best run came in the 2008 season, when she picked 17 of 22 games correctly, including the Pittsburgh Steelers to win Super Bowl XLIII.

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 3


New Cornell Univ. Ornithology App Merlin Is ‘Magical’ By AIMEE CHO Sun Staff Writer

Thanks to a new phone application developed by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, birds around campus can easily be identified in a matter of seconds. The free iOS application Merlin is designed to be a “friend and a birding coach for beginners,” according to Miyoko Chu, senior director of communications for the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Chu said the name “Merlin” represents the application’s “seemingly magical ability to identify birds.” “However, the magic of the app is really in the science and the help from the thousands of people who helped build it,” she said. The app prompts users with five questions about the bird they saw, according to the Merlin website. The application then taps into its database to generate a list of birds that are most likely to be in the area at that time, along with pictures, facts and sound recordings. Along with providing a list of the birds likely to be in a user’s area, Merlin also narrows down results by color and size depending on what the user describes, according to Chu. “No two people describe birds the same way. So we asked the public to teach us how they look at birds, by coming to our website and describing pictures of birds,” Chu said. The resulting three million data points were used to refine Merlin’s ability to interpret descriptions. The data that helps Merlin determine which birds are


Tweet tweet | The Cornell Lab of Orninthology application uses its extensive database to enable users to easily identify birds based on location and physical characteristics.

likely to appear in an area comes from eBird, a citizen science project conducted by Cornell since 2002. “eBird is a way for [more advanced] bird watchers to record their sightings online. Lots of bird watchers tend to keep really diligent notes on the birds they see,” eBird project leader Marshall Iliff said. “We can pretty much pick any point in the United States and give a list of birds that occur within 20-50 miles of that point.” Jessie Barry, Merlin project leader, said building the app was a difficult process that took over two years. “We did a lot of testing using interactive prototypes to make sure each screen was easy to use. We also incorporated a database of more than 70 million eBird observations,” she said. “ It took thousands of tests to be sure Merlin would display accurate answers.” The main team that created Merlin was funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation, according

to the Merlin website. Barry said the Merlin team hopes to release an Android version this spring and expand the app’s identification capabilities from the current 285 species to 500 species. “We’ll also be using the observations that people submit to Merlin to improve its accuracy,” Barry said. Merlin has already been downloaded 24,000 times, which the team considers a success in their mission to “hook more people on birding,” according to Chu. “Merlin is a great example of a tangible, educational [project] that I hope will get people more involved in bird watching and caring about the world around them,” Iliff said. Aimee Cho can be reached at

C.U. V.P. to Lead Florida A&M Police

By TYLER ALICEA Sun Senior Writer

After serving as Cornell’s vice president for budget and planning since 2010, Elmira Mangum will take over as Florida A&M University’s first female president, the University announced earlier this month. During her tenure at Cornell, Mangum — who will serve as A&M’s 11th president — has managed and delegated the University’s operating and capital budgets to meet the institution’s priorities, according to a University press release. In addition, she was responsible for leading Cornell through the economic recession and and the recovery that followed.

Her start date at Florida A&M is currently undetermined, the University press release said. Provost Kent Fuchs described Mangum as a “great leader and a great friend.” “We offer our heartfelt congratulations to Florida A&M University for the selection of Elmira Mangum as its next president,” Fuchs said in a University press release. “This is a visionary choice by FAMU’s trustees and a great accomplishment for Elmira.” Karl White, Florida A&M trustee and chair of the presidential search committee, said that Mangum will bring both expertise and energy that will be needed to lead the university. “She emerged from a notewor-

thy pool of applicants as the candidate who the Board believes is the best fit for this pivotal season in the university's history,” White said in an A&M press release. Prior to arriving at Cornell, Mangum worked as the senior associate provost at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. While Magnum said she will miss Cornell, she is enthusiastic to move to Florida A&M. “I will miss my colleagues and friends at Cornell in many ways,” Mangum said in the press release. “It is difficult to leave the Big Red, but I am excited to move on to join the Rattlers at FAMU as its 11th president.” Tyler Alicea can be reached at


Unlawful Possession Of Alcohol Two individuals were referred to the judicial administrator during separate occurrences of unlawful possession of alcohol in Mary Donlon Hall this weekend, according to the Cornell University Police Department. Unlawful Possession Of Marijuana Five individuals were referred to the judicial administrator during separate occurences of unlawful possession of marijuana in Low Rise 7 and a program house this weekend, according to the CUPD. iPad Larceny An officer responded to a report Saturday after the theft of an unsecured Apple iPad mini, the CUPD said.

Hungry for knowledge

Forged Bank Checks An officer responded to a report regarding after an unknown individual attempted to create fraudulent Cornell bank checks, according to the CUPD. RPCC Trespassing An individual was referred to the Ithaca City Court after trespassing into the Robert Purcell Community Center Friday night. Sisson Place Trespassing A known individual with a persona non grata driving through campus was warned and released, the CUPD said. DWI An individual was referred to the Ithaca Town Court after driving while intoxicated Sunday, according to the CUPD. SHAILEE SHAH / SUN PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR

Dr. Caren Cooper, research associate at the Cornell Lab of Orninthology, talks about citizen science at Ithaca’s Lot 10 Lounge Kitchen and Lounge on Tuesday.

— Compiled by Tyler Alicea

4 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014


C.U. Leads Ivy League In Engineering STEM

Continued from page 1

majors. “[This statistic] is not as surprising … because this definition of STEM encompasses the entire [engineering college], roughly one-third to one-half of the majors in the [agriculture college], all of the science majors in the [arts college], as well as at least one from [College of Human Ecology],” he said. “We have an awful lot of these majors here at Cornell.” Savage said he has seen an increase in recent years in enrollment in the College of Engineering, especially in undergraduates pursuing graduate degrees. “I remember back when the enrollment of the College of Engineering was 3,600, including graduate students, and now we are over 4,000. New programs have been added both at the undergraduate and graduate levels,” Savage said. Additionally, Savage attributes the engineering enrollment increase to Cornell’s curriculum, in which offering a variety of degree programs in both humanities and STEM fields is a priority. “Our curriculums here are pretty well-balanced, and the ability to study anything that anyone wanted to is the whole premise that Cornell University is founded on … I see this as a very positive thing for Cornell and the students here,” he said. Despite this, Collins said the increase in enrollment in STEM majors at Cornell has been less apparent than at other universities. At institutions where admissions are handled at the university level, however, there has been a noticeable increase in the number of engineering students. The report said that many of the top-ranked STEM institutions are research institutions that focus their curriculums on mathematic, scientific, and technological studies. However, the study found that only 15 top-ranked universities granted more than 50 percent of bachelor’s degrees in STEM fields. Echoing his sentiments, Collins said that the diversity of Cornell’s educational opportunities is unique among other peer institutions. Lauren Avery can be reached at

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New Food Truck Policy Proposed FOOD

Continued from page 1

was more mixed than I'd expected,” Fleming said. “Some restaurant owners are enthusiastic and see this as a way of generating even more interest in good food in Ithaca, while others fear that existing standing restaurants will lose business and are facing unfair competition.” Tomas Harrington, general manager of Viva Taqueria, said he believes that food trucks and ‘brick-and-mortar’ restaurants are two different businesses not easily compared. “It’s like apples and oranges,” Harrington said. “Someone who wants to sit down for dinner is going to go eat at a food truck and the other way around. Of course, you want to protect your business, but I think the threat to an existing restaurant is a bit overblown.” The policy comes at a time when food trucks are increasingly popular in Ithaca, according to 14850 Magazine. “Whatever gets people downtown and whatever gets people enjoying our town is good for everyone,” Harrington said. Sofia Hu can be reached at

Prof: Users Should Watch Their Data NSA

Continued from page 1

Wicker said that he was concerned about the shift from collecting phone records to collecting metadata — small information gathered from all forms of electronic usage, such as location, page views and user preferences. "Metadata tells more about your personal preferences, beliefs and actions than the content of your phone calls. The collection of metadata can lead to the chilling of political speech, as well as identity theft and manipulation,” Wicker said. Wicker noted that cellphone users can prevent identity theft and manipulation by being more careful with their data. "We don't have much control over what the NSA collects, but we certainly can choose apps and service providers that have the better privacy policies," he said. Kevin Milian can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 5


Samantha Weisman |

The Corne¬ Daily Sun

What Hermione GrangerTaught Me

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In Support of Start-Up Incubation in Ithaca

THE DOWNTOWN ITHACA INCUBATOR, a University initiative announced Thursday, aims to revitalize the Ithaca economy by providing a space for local businesses to launch. Tax benefits associated with the incubator have also been put in place to encourage those businesses to stay in Ithaca and create jobs. The tax incentives do not guarantee that incubated businesses will succeed or that they will remain in the area promoting economic development. Still, as some have criticized Cornell’s billion-dollar investment in Cornell Tech as a move that could siphon resources away from both the Ithaca campus and the City of Ithaca, the incubator is a positive step that demonstrates the University’s commitment to its home base. The creation of Cornell Tech, a new campus in a city hundreds of miles away, has from its inception raised concerns about the diversion of resources from Ithaca to NYC. The administration has continued to stress that the tech campus will not redirect financial resources away from Ithaca. While some of these concerns may have merit, we respect that Cornell is working to bring to Ithaca the same entrepreneurial spirit that inspired Cornell Tech. We believe that it is crucial for the University to continue to launch projects like the Downtown Ithaca Incubator to reaffirm its dedication to the economic vitality of the city. New businesses in Ithaca bolster the energy and health of the city where students, faculty and staff work, eat and play. The incubator is a good example of strengthening this commitment to Ithaca both in name — as a collaboration between Cornell, Ithaca College and Tompkins County Community College that is open to the larger community — and in practice, as a potential engine of job growth. We do note that business incubators are not definitively strong promoters of economic growth. In one of few empirical studies of the effects of incubation, a 2010 study of 35,000 firms conducted by Prof. Alejandro Amezcua, entrepreneurship, Syracuse University, found that while incubation seemed to improve employment and sales growth, it negatively affected the longevity of the venture. Additionally, the success of the Downtown Ithaca Incubator as a driver of economic growth will be contingent upon successful businesses remaining in the area. Tax breaks associated with the incubator and state programs like Start-Up NY encourage businesses to stay in the region, but they are not foolproof ways to prevent relocation. Given the difficulty of assuring both the success of incubated startups and their continued presence in Ithaca, we are not sure of the ability of incubators to seriously improve economic vitality in the region. Nonetheless, the Downtown Ithaca Incubator is a welcome display of the University’s commitment to the economic health of the city Cornell first called home.

A Weisman Once Said


When I was in kindergarten, Hermione is a feminist, cares about the my grandma got me one of the rights of those less fortunate (the Society most life-changing presents I for the Promotion of Elfish Welfare, anyhave ever received: a newly published one?) and is a loyal friend. Her logic and copy of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s intelligence save the day time and time Stone. My dad read the book aloud to me again, and although she appears pushy at every night before bed, but made sure to times, Hermione is always as genuine and skip the scary parts he thought would passionate as she can be. Had I felt this give me nightmares. After he tucked me way about Hermione when I was eight, I in and turned out the light, I would make would have been proud to have been sure to go back and read the parts that he compared to her. Our own interpretations of what othhad skipped. This column can also serve as a thank you to J.K. Rowling for teach- ers say is more important than what they mean when saying it. Since I interpreted ing me how to read. When I was in the third grade, the first my librarian’s words as an insult, I spent Harry Potter film was released in theaters. years scrutinizing her words and contemMy dad even took me out of school early plating how I could change: Hermione never would have done to get in line — don’t that. She never would worry, we made it there Our own interpretahave let what someone before the rush. The else said about her affect tions of what others next day, my elementary school librarian said say is more important her happiness or wellbeing! So in an effort to something to me that than what they mean be more like my favorite has stuck with me ever when saying it. feminist fictional charsince: “I saw the movie acter, I now choose to last night. It’s funny, I take my librarian’s always thought Hermione would be a little more like words as a compliment and try to be a better person because of it. you.” One of Hermione’s qualities that I try If you don’t know who Hermione is, stop reading this, and go read Harry to embody is her ability to simultaneously Potter. She initially comes off as an act with unwavering passion and think annoying know-it-all, only to ultimately logically, balancing emotion with cleverbecome Harry and Ron Weasley’s best ness. I hope to channel this ability while friend after they save her from a moun- writing this column. This semester, I hope tain troll. It’s kind of like when you to discuss issues I care about — such as become friends with someone after taking media, feminism and life at Cornell — care of them after a rough O-Week night and do so with both relentless passion and — there are some things you just can’t shrewd analysis. While one week I may discuss my thoughts about a University share without becoming friends. At eight years old, I did not take this decision regarding Greek life or sexual comparison to Hermione as a compli- health, another I may write about how last ment. For years, I agonized over her week’s episode of Scandal is a testament to comment, assuming I was also an female authority in the workplace — and annoying know-it-all with no friends. I how to rock a white coat and pumps at the overanalyzed and changed how I office, specifically the Oval Office. I am dressed, acted and spoke to people, try- extremely excited to begin this adventure, ing to distance myself from my wizard- and I hope you, dear readers, will join me ly-yet-obnoxious counterpart. However, on this magical journey! as I got older and read the rest of the Harry Potter series, I thought maybe I Samantha Weisman is a junior in the College of should have taken my librarian’s com- Agriculture and Life Sciences. She may be reached ment as a compliment. at A Weisman Once While she may be slightly neurotic, Said appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.


Honor Roe v. Wade by honoring access to family support To the Editor: As we honor the 41st anniversary of Roe v. Wade, we see the right to an abortion crumbling away. In the past three years, more laws have been passed to bar access to abortion than in the entire previous decade combined. Not only are we blocking access to abortion and contraception, but also to the very support systems created for those who choose to parent, like the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children. Six in ten women choosing abortion are already mothers. We cannot block a woman’s access to a safe and legal family planning option, all while cutting holes in her safety net, threatening to repeal her access to healthcare and pulling food from her children's mouths. This isn’t right. This isn’t about being “pro-choice” or “pro-life.” The labels don’t come close to defining who we are or the complexity of this issue. Instead of talking about what divides us, let’s talk to people like me who have had an abortion. Ask us what resources we need to prevent unplanned pregnancies. Support us as we decide between parenting, abortion and adoption. Honor this anniversary by passing laws that support families and empower women to make the best decision for themselves. Isn’t that what community is all about? Renee Bracey Sherman grad

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 7


Christo Eliot |

Rachael Singer |

Animal House of Reps

The Tale of the Dingo at Midnight

Radio Static Holds The Key to André 3000’s Diatribe T

here’s a lot of pride in the year of the monkey: I share a birth year with Miley Cyrus. It was a leap year, and much like this semester, it began on a Wednesday. Being born in 1992 also puts me right in the middle of Generation Y. That makes me a millennial –– or an entitled punk kid, depending on who you ask. Somehow, despite all of our generation’s contributions to the world, like hashtags and hipsters, there are still a few flaws I see among my contemporaries –– a big one being apathy. Altanta-based rap group, OutKast, released their sophomore album ATLiens in August 1996. In the title song of the album, André 3000 told his fans to “throw your hands in the air” and to “wave them like you just don’t care.” Unfortunately, I don’t think most people demonstrate the type of carefree attitude the group was hoping for. Rather than being apathetic toward others’ opinions about you and your uncoordinated arm waving, the apathy I tend to see is characterized by a lack of passion for anything. That is to say, there seems to be a lot less caring and maybe even less arm waving. Who’s to say what’s responsible for the decline in passion? Is it the death of space exploration? Probably. It could also be the fact that we read less, watch more television, have easy access to most of the information we could ever want and the fact that two Big Macs cost only four dollars at McDonald’s right now (a deal so good in the calories-per-dollar department that it should probably

If our planet ever faced alien invaders, the first people to form a militia to fight back would be the callers on sports and political talk radio. be illegal). Regardless, people don’t care. I wasn’t really made aware of this apathy until I drove my father’s car while at home last month. Made in 2003, the car has an AM and FM radio. If our planet ever faced alien invaders, I’m convinced the first people to form a militia to fight back would be the callers on sports and political talk radio. They are modern day minutemen. There may be some loud talking heads on television (I’m look at you and your big head, Jay Leno), but the beauty of talk radio callers is that they are us. Anyone can call and shout on the radio. Is what the radio callers say always based in truth or logical? Absolutely not. But it’s refreshing to hear some guy with a questionable degree of education through the static on the radio shouting, “Peyton Manning is God’s gift to football and may reveal himself as the Second Coming of Christ during the Super Bowl halftime show” and that “Tom Brady is soft because he is sponsored by Ugg.” They are spirited and passionate. They loudly shout their often incoherent banter and don’t care. They are the individuals who would make André 3000 proud. That is admirable enough to not change the dial. This is not, however, a Dead Poet’s Society “seize the day” kind of message. I’ll let you all watch that movie on your own time and get the message from the much more charismatic Robin Williams. Winter break was a fine time to be apathetic: My three main activities were sleeping, watching movies and showering without flipflops –– three things I don’t really get to do during the semester. But apathy is too easy when the semester begins to fall into that same type of rut. And showering without flip-flops is a hazard to your health in basically every shower I’ve encountered so far at Cornell. I encourage everyone to try and look at Cornell the same way you looked at it as an incoming freshmen or visiting senior in high school. Remember how Willard Straight was a beautiful stone building with unlimited possibilities and not just the home of the disappointing Russian Food Night at Okenshields. Remember how you thought the parties would be more like they were in Animal House and there would be less Settlers of Catan involved. Maybe you have the same New Year’s resolution I do, and you are hoping for less FIFA and Wings Over Ithaca orders. Remember this semester that Cornell is a place that has enough resources to let you follow basically any passion you have. And you’re a member of the chosen people of Generation Y, so you know you deserve it. Christo Eliot is a junior in the College of Engineering. He may be reached at The Tale of the Dingo at Midnight appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

Sarah Byrne |

Let It Byrne

Five Reasons It Sucks To Be Single in Paris S

urprise! I’m in joined twins. I don’t that concept. Even Paris for the semes- know. And again today, when I go to restaurants ter. How’s the I literally had to tap the with my friends, most of snow over there in shoulder of a guy lean- the people around us are Ithaca? You don’t need ing against the Metro clearly on dates. I love to answer that –– just door as he made out that you love each other, because I’m across the with his girlfriend, just but do you need to sit Atlantic doesn’t mean so I could exit the train. on his lap during dinI’ve forgotten the perils Never have I ever been ner? The answer, apparof winter in Upstate so awkward. ently, is yes –– and also New York. But don’t 2. There’s no one to we must constantly be worry, Paris has its flaws share food with: Paris is attached at the mouth. too. When the average full of so much food 4. Traveling alone is person thinks about that it’s ridiculous, and I twice as stressful: I Paris, I would venture am enjoying it very haven’t traveled too to say that largely pleas- much. However, as I sit much outside of Paris ant things come to in a café eating my pain yet, but even when mind: croissants, the au chocolat or crepe, I exploring the city, I have Eiffel Tower, Notre inevitably see a couple to be so much more Dame, etc. One might across the room sharing aware of my surroundthink, “How could the very same dessert! ings when I’m alone. there be anything bad Maybe the way Parisians What if someone tries to about a place where all stay so skinny is by steal something out of cheese is basically a sharing all of their food. my backpack? What if I food group?” I assure If I ate half as much, I can’t carry all of my suityou that if you try hard enough (and I did), something negative can be found Maybe the way Parisians about even the most idealized stay so skinny is by sharing city. Indeed, all of their food. If I ate half Paris is the city of love. But as as much, I wouldn’t have to someone who’s exercise either. not really in on said love, it can be a bit, well, lonely. Allow me to wouldn’t have to exer- cases by myself? This elaborate. really happened, and a cise either. 1. The Paris Metro 3. Most restaurants nice Parisian man is full of kissing: This is in Paris only accept helped me up the stairs. something I was 100 reservations for two: As Maybe I should have percent unprepared for. if I didn’t already feel kept him around. When Usually, when it comes badly about eating twice someone else is there to to public transporta- as much as everyone literally and figuratively tion, I assume that no else, I’m barely even watch your back, you one will openly make allowed to go to a can relax a little more –– out in front of me. In restaurant without hav- not to mention have a the street, I find it cute. ing a boyfriend. You conversation while travIn clubs and bars, I put cannot eat alone here. eling, rather than stare up with it. But yester- Remember that episode aimlessly at the graffitiday, I saw a couple with of Friends when Rachel filled walls of train statheir lips just glued learns that it’s all right tions. together. I don’t even to eat out alone, that it’s 5. Heat is not really a think they were actively fun to just enjoy your thing: Here’s something kissing; they were sitting food and not worry you might not know with their lips touching. about being on a date? about Paris: They’re not Maybe they were con- French people reject big on heating buildings.

Most of the newer buildings are heated the way I would expect them to be in the United States, but I live in a very old apartment building. Not only do the floorboards creak whenever I walk across the room, but any heating is rendered pointless by the paper-thin walls and un-insulated windows. As a result, the French mostly just decide to forego heat. This is not really OK with me. In the U.S., I wear shorts and a t-shirt to bed. Here, I wear heavy socks, fleece leggings and a sweatshirt. But all those layers would be unnecessary if I just had someone to cuddle with. Who am I kidding? Maybe I’ll just buy a thicker blanket. All jokes aside, Paris is wonderful. But it’s just a wee bit too full of love for my taste. At first, I thought the couples were m a i n l y tourists, many of whom come to Paris for a romantic vacation. But as time goes on (I’ve been here a week, so I’m an expert), I notice more and more French couples. There is definitely a culture of romance. No big deal –– I’ll just be over here, eating a whole cake and shivering in my cold Parisian apartment. Sarah Byrne is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. She may be reached at Let it Byrne appears alternate Wednesdays this semester.

8 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014


THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 9

Fiber Science

Science and politics


Student Team Engineers Stress Relief Vest By BARBARA FORCE Sun Staff Writer

Ever need a hug or a backrub, but it’s 2am and you’re in the Cocktail Lounge alone? Two fiber technology students,

respond to, so creating the perfect sensation was important. “It’s possible that the vibration sensors in our skin are attuned to listening to the touching sensation of a finger running through the skin,” Lal said.


Simulated sensations | Studies have shown that human touch can lower stress levels. Marina Gaeta ’14 and Eri Beaudette ’16 seek the same results from high-tech clothing that will mimic the feeling of human contact. Marina Gaeta ’14, and Eric Beaudette ’16, combined science and apparel into one trendy garment that can mimic human touch. Under the guidance of Prof. Amit Lal, electrical and computer engineering, and Prof. Huiju Park, fiber science and apparel design, Gaeta and Beaudette built an award-winning prototype. The vest not only relieves stress – it is comfortable and modern, too. Lal’s previous work on the physical sensation of human touch brought the project to Cornell. Scientists originally sent the idea to Medingen Group, a corporation in Rochester, New York, through Cornell’s Center for Materials Research. Lal researched the sensation of touching skin down to the ridges of a person’s fingertips and the sensation of feeling touch. According to Lal, the very ridges of a fingerprint create sensations in the skin that correspond to the velocity of a normal physical touch. The sensation of performing and receiving these physical reactions are coordinated with one another in the human nervous system. Lal’s intricate programming of the piezoelectric actuators–the electrical components of the vest–create the personalized sensation that is best tuned with a person’s receptors. Every person has a different range of sensations that the nerves in their skin

Studies show human touch can lower cortisol levels, resulting in stress relief. Cortisol, a stress-hormone and subject of many recent health studies, can be linked to a wide array of human diseases ranging from depression to heart disease, according to researchers. By replicating human touch, the team seeks to stimulate similar

drops in cortisol levels by simulating human touch for the vest’s wearers. “It’s meant to attenuate nerves. There are many studies that show that there are soothing effects of human touch. Someone stroking your back or hugging you even for a couple of seconds can release hormones such as oxytocin that are very beneficial. Not having those types of sensations can cause negative effects,” Gaeta said. The low-powered actuators set this stress-reliever apart from others. According to Hadi Hosseinzadegan Ph.D ’13, electrical and computer engineering, the vest’s battery can last as long as two weeks. Most batteries in similar electrical devices last less than one day. The vest needs to be a good fit in order to maximize the benefits of the intricate technology, and the team designed the garment to be casual. According to Gaeta, a person wearing the vest wears it like any other article of clothing to airports, outside or anywhere. The team also aimed to make the vest washable by incorporating the technology into the clothing in different ways. At the moment, the prototype uses a yoke, or an attached piece on the shoulders of the vest, where the actuators are located. A new design inverts the yokepiece into the inside to provide a more intimate contact between skin and the actuators while incorporating material to keep the pressure light and comfortable. The team continues to change materials and the design to facilitate the sensations and perfect the vest’s function, according to Gaeta. “We utilized two main fabrics. One has high strength, while one has more elasticity or stretch,” Beaudette said. “The vest is made of different materials which allows for this piece to be comfortable, but heighten the function of the electrical components.” The next prototype will be even more comfortable as the team tightens the fit while allowing more stretch for more body types. The focus on the upper back piece is to bring the actuators as close to the body as possible while maintaining comfort.

According to Park, maximizing the surface area of the actuators and compression to the body was important to creating a better piece of clothing. In addition to creating a tight, comfortable fit in a modern, attractive vest, Park said he was interested in keeping the technology component discreet and sensible. He added three millimeters of neoprene to the newest prototype of the vest in order to maximize compression, comfort and to reduce the noise created by the actuators. Customizability is also important. “Nobody wants to wear the same vest,” Park said. “Consumers want freedom.” The technical pieces can be removed from the vest so the garment can be washed. The electrical pieces are also sewn in so that the vest does not feel bulky. Rather, it feels like a normal store-bought vest. As technology changes, the design of the vest changes. One feature that the team is looking forward to is having an app for smartphones for powering and altering the vest. Currently the garment uses a remote and USB-connection that is hooked to a computer, but creating an app would make the features easily available and discreet, according to Gaeta. The team would like to perform studies of the vests’ effect early next year. The vest is pleasant to wear, but measuring the physical effects created by the actuators are an important next step, according to Gaeta. Making the vest cost-effective is also important to the team. With this research, the team will be better able to provide the effects of a soothing hug to as many people as possible. “We want it to be something that doesn’t function like a medical device. It’s functional apparel. It’s really important that it’s convenient, portable and not have wires. You don’t want to feel like you’re plugged into a wall,” Gaeta said. The prototype won the team a $10,000 Innovation Award that they used to advance future vests. Barbara Force can be reached at


Lonely no more | Cortisol is a stress hormone that has been linked to a wide array of human diseases, including depression and heart disease. Gaeta and Beaudette simulate human touch to lower levels of cortisol.

10 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014


Understanding the Science of Elections By RYAN O’HERN Sun Contributor

“Polling makes a great narrative for the media,” said Prof. Peter Enns, government. But who can really tell how accurate a poll is? Before elections, public opinion is meticulously measured in polls which are picked through in excruciating detail by everyone from journalists and newscasters to campaign managers. But Enns and Brian Richman ’11 suggest that current polling methods fail to engage potential respondents enough to accurately predict certainty about elections and issues that influence their voting choices. Individuals do not treat polls the same way they treat voting. According to Enns, psychological studies have shown that people often use a strategy when answering surveys called satisficing, where they only expend the minimal amount of effort to satisfy the questioner. This causes a mismatch in political poll responses between when elections are months away and when they are imminent. According to Enns, when an election is several months away, voters are more likely to satisfice, so polling data will not be as accurate. Voters also tend to give different weighting to issues such as the economy when the election is in the distant future than when the election is days or weeks away. The most accurate weighting of each issue will be seen in polls just before election day. Repeated polling can also affect the accuracy of polling results. Enns and Richman used data from the National Annenberg Election Survey (NAES) from the 2000 election to look at how voters’ poll answers change as they were polled repeatedly over the course of the campaign season. Voters who seemed committed to answering polling questions accurately early in the campaign season appeared to become more apathetic over repeated polls as the season progressed, according to

Enns. When voters care less about the poll, they would give a less accurate impression of what issues were important to them and how they would eventually vote. The change in interest in polling correlates with the difference between poll answers and how voters actually voted when election day came. This supports Enns and

Richman’s hypothesis that interest in the poll itself is related to accuracy of the polling data. Overall, polling is not obsolete, according to Enns. Further research must be performed in order to encourage more accurate polling, especially early in campaigns. As campaign strategists can better understand how much weight voters place on

the issues, they can more successfully target their efforts to influence public opinion. Enns plans to do further research in this area during the 2016 presidential election. Ryan O’Hern can be reached at


Vapid voters | When an election is months away or a person is tired of being polled repeatedly, their poll answers deviate from their actual voting choice, according to Prof. Peter Enns, government, and Brian Richman ’11, who study changes in poll answers over time.

Bone Cancer Growth Reduced by Exercise By GRACE AHN Sun Contributor

The human skeleton is more than a structure for the organs of the body. Bones provide support, movement, protection, and produce of blood cells, store of ions and regulate the endocrine system.

Without these functions, our bodies are marked for vulnerability in the face of disease and, more relevantly, cancer. Today, chemical therapies are used worldwide as the primary choice of weapon against bone cancer. Cornell researchers have launched an initiative to study the


Combating cancer | Bone cells exposed to stresses that mimic exercise (top) have fewer of the dark purple tumor cells than unstressed cells.

impact of the physical environment on cancer cell growth. In 2011, Prof. Claudia FischbachTeschl, biomedical engineering, began a project to investigate the mechanisms through which bone loss in cancer can be reduced. Focusing on the effect of mechanical forces on bone growth, Fischbach-Teschl’s lab was able to link exercise and bone activity to slowed bone cancer growth. Breast cancer most frequently metastasizes to the skeleton where cancer cells can take over the bone remodeling process. Secreting chemicals that direct bone behavior to stop maintaining bone mass, cancer cells are able to degrade bone which then releases growth factors supporting further tumor growth. This eventually leads to osteolysis, where bone is broken down and continually releases minerals and calcium from bone fluid to the blood. By utilizing the released minerals, cancer cells are able to multiply more rapidly. The study of mechanical forces on cancerous bone loss first began with research on osteoporatic bone loss. A “mouse model” was developed by Prof. Marjolein van der Meulen, mechanical engineering, to look at how mechanical forces increase the growth of cancellous, or porous, bone at risk for fracture. While the mice are asleep, an apparatus delivers controlled forces to the skeleton while varying in force

strength, frequency and loading form to recreate skeleton deformation mimicking normal physiological activity. The resultant bone mass is measured to determine what kind of deformation is favorable for increased bone mass. Because breast cancer metastasizes to cancellous bone, Maureen Lynch grad used this osteoporatic bone loss model and applied it to cancerous bone loss. “If mechanical forces can help reduce osteoporatic bone loss, maybe it can help reduce bone loss associated with cancer metastasis,” Lynch said. Bone cancer metastasis is problematic, however, because no mouse model is able to truly regenerate human metastasis in which the primary tumor begins in the breast and spreads. “Although the mouse model is realistic in its consideration of organisms’ physiological processes such as brain signaling, nerves and digestive processes, it simply cannot tease out the direct effects we’re interested in,” Lynch said. The main question was whether tumor cells are affected by loading or simply a by-product of the bone being active. To find the answer, the researchers used an in-vitro system to parallel the mouse model in which cancer cells were injected into cancellous bone. A panel of pre-selected genes related to metastasis was then observed after a

series of applied mechanical loading over the course of six weeks. The results found that bone degradation nearly stopped when mechanical loading was applied to the tumor cells. In contrast, bones without mechanical loading experienced severe degradation. Evaluation of the gene panel found that a gene called runx2 was expressed less in the bone cells undergoing loading. In skeletal tumor cells, the runx2 gene was found to stimulate a chain of events resulting in bone loss. Although mechanical loading does not directly kill tumor cells or change their ability to survive, Fischbach-Teschl’s lab was able to conclude that mechanical loading reduces the effects of osteolysis and can reduce bone cancer metastasis. Having reached this conclusion, the researchers are now looking at the correlation between the runx2 gene and the effect on bone cells. Uncovering the molecular pathway that mediates the effects of mechanical loading shows that chemical therapies must eventually consider the physical parameters involved in chronic cancer cell growth in order to better mitigate tumor growth and metastasis. The lab continues to investigate the mediated effects of mechanical loading in conjunction with chemical cancer treatments. Grace Ahn can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 11


12 | The Corne¬ Daily Sun | Wednesday, January 22, 2014

ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT You’re a Mean Girl, Lena Season Three of Girls on HBO KAITLYN TIFFANY Sun Staff Writer

It has become somewhat of a signature of Lena Dunham’s critically acclaimed and critically skewered brainchild Girls to open on Hannah’s (Dunham) bed and a pair of intertwined legs. In Season One, they were Hannah’s and Marnie’s (Allison Williams) and served as the establishing shot for a show with a single-minded dedication to female friendship. Season Two began with Hannah’s and Elijah’s (Andrew Rannells) and established a more timid show, somewhat sloppily reworked in light of criticism of heteronormativity and one-dimensional male characters. For Season Three, they belong to Hannah and Adam (Adam Driver), placing them in what seems, more or less, like domestic bliss and a stable relationship. With this, Dunham simultaneously declares Season Three the season of maturity for her character and triumph in the face of naysaying critics. The Hannah Horvath of yore is not likeable — she wastes time on men who tell her she’s wasting her time, she’s incapable of holding down a job and her ridiculous neuroses simultaneously and she’s constantly talking about herself. But Season Three’s Hannah is turning 25, taking her medicine, working on her book instead of shoving foreign objects into her eardrum. She’s as naked as ever, but it’s decidedly comfortable as opposed to performative — Dunham’s way of saying she’s no longer asking our permission or waiting for a response. Hannah’s declaratory statements about her health and her mental well-being in Season Three are what she’s serving us now. “My only limitation is my own mind. Like, I hold the keys to the prison that is my mind,” she tells her therapist, and she later barks at Adam: “It’s really liberating to say no to shit you hate … So I’ll be sitting here, living my truth.” Hannah’s 180 from total self-absorption is emphasized in nearly every scene of these early episodes — she spends much of her birthday helping Adam’s deranged sister Caroline (Gaby Hoffmann), whose post-breakup spiral apparently involves biting people and shattering glasses with her bare hands. Not all of the girls are found in the same newfound state of grace. As promised by Allison Williams in the season promos, Marnie is “manically grieving” her break-up with Charlie (Chris

Abbott). She berates a YouTube employee who refuses to take down a horrible music video she filmed with Charlie, she works at Grumpy’s now and she spends her days uploading to Instagram (because Charlie “fucking checks it. He fucking checks it.”) and leaning heavily on her friendship with Hannah (tick off another tally for Marnie’s awkward impromptu musical performances in light of the RENT duet she forces upon the birthday party). As sick as it makes me feel, Marnie’s crash-and-burns are some of the most entertaining COURTESY OF HBO on television. Jessa (Jemima Kirke) is more or less the focus of the season’s first episode three to tell a stony-faced Shosh that he doesn’t want to be two episodes as we find her terrorizing the members of her group friends — “I don’t want to be polite with you. I don’t want to have therapy session at an Adirondacks rehab center and then getting small talk with you. Anyway, enjoy your evening. Enjoy your life. kicked out for “fraternizing” with a female resident. She begs Cool cigarette.” In fact, all three of the Dunham’s co-stars are nastier this season Hannah to pick her up and sign her release, but neglects to mention that she can leave at any time and that the director has offered (Slate calls them “funnier and more cartoonishly sociopathic”) and to drive her to the airport. This omission prompts the first frank if it’s a desperate stab from Dunham to keep us from getting bored discussion of Hannah and Jessa’s friendship that we’ve seen. Dour- by the same old narcissism and despicable interpersonal behavior, it faced as ever, Jessa may or may not be listening, but that’s not works. Dunham has already established herself as the best in the important — Hannah’s finally doing something other than basking business at integrating humor naturalistically into sentences, dropin her cool. “I just wish you would get it that this is not okay behav- ping it and then moving on, rather than waiting for a punch line ior for a friend” — again, Hannah Horvath for the long-awaited or giving her audience a beat to pick it up. This season she’s doing it again but better—the dialogue has never been wittier, faster, or win. Shoshanna (Zosia Mamet) is meaner and more vapid than ever more deliberate than it is in these episodes. And every line out of before, straight-faced telling Marnie, Jessa and birthday-girl Zosia Mamet’s mouth is a slap across the face. In short, this writing isn’t done by someone who’s aiming to Hannah “It’s really amazing that all three of you have accomplished so little in the four years since college.” What’s interesting about please. Dunham put the least likeable character in the healthiest this shift in her character is that her newfound ruthlessness and relationship this season and she’s going to make us watch every amplified lack of tact is paired with a self-declared state of sexual moment of that weird happiness (starting with the gifting of awakening — she explains her intention to spend half her nights Adam’s baby tooth on a necklace). She’s going to make us listen to focusing on academics and the other half hooking up with her sing Maroon 5 in the car; she’s going to make us look at her strangers. Her character change is strange in that viewers bent on naked; she’s going to make us watch television’s whiniest, whitest seeing Girls as an assertion of female empowerment are left unsure brat be happy. of how to feel. “Not to judge her sex life because we’re feminists and we don’t judge sex lives but … does that seem unhealthy? I mean, Kaitlyn Tiffany is a junior in the College of Agriculture and Life does she not seem very unhappy? Where is Ray?” He crops up in Sciences. She can be reached at


’70s Cinema By Sean Doolittle


Four classics. One decade. This series, sponsored by Prof. Jonathan Kirshner and the Government Department, features films from some of New Hollywood’s greatest auteurs. Kirshner will introduce the screenings, each meant to broaden patrons’ perspectives on the intricate intersection of visual arts and the political zeitgeist of the era. The first film, Robert Altman’s musical epic Nashville (Mar. 4), mixes grassroots populism and an award-winning soundtrack in Music City, USA. The Conversation (Mar. 18), Francis Ford Coppola’s masterful thriller, tracks a surveillance expert’s descent into paranoia, a particularly resonant theme in a post-Snowden America. The film that nearly killed a president, Martin Scorsese’s Taxi Driver (Apr. 22) needs little introduction. The movie gave us Travis Bickle, the Vietnam War Veteranturned-psychopath who begged the question, “You talking to me?” The series will wrap up on April 29th with Chinatown, the seminal neo-noir film directed by Roman Polanski, starring Jack Nicholson in one of his most iconic roles as the conspiracy-embroiled private eye Jake Gittes. Sean Doolittle is a sophomore in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He can be reached at


By Zach Zahos


In addition to the rest of their predictably stellar lineup, Cornell Cinema brings four indisputable classics to campus this semester under their "Dreams & Memory" series. First is Mulholland Drive (Jan. 29 & 31), a high point in David Lynch's career and the 21st century in general. Part romance, part mystery, part Hollywood exposé and all an unforgettable head trip, Mulholland Drive rewards the first as well as the 20th viewing. Next we have Memento (Feb. 5, 6 & 8), the film that played with the linearity of time and made The Dark Knight-director Christopher Nolan a star. A favorite amongst crotchety critics and teenage girls alike, Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (Feb. 12 & 14) navigates Charlie Kaufman's most beloved script and features Jim Carrey at a peak no one saw coming, and likely won't see again. Last but not least, Cornell Cinema brings the truly legendary filmmaker Paul Verhoeven (Robocop, Basic Instinct) to introduce his 1990 classic Total Recall on April 11. It is campy fun, yes, but it's also wicked smart. Zach Zahos is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at

Sensory Ethnography Lab


With temperatures dropping way below zero this week, it is only natural to dream of spring, friends abroad and the bliss of mittenless hands. There is still a lot of snow left to fall before we can lock away winter coats, but beginning in March, Cornell Cinema will help ease you into the less-frigid weather with three French-themed favorites — Funny Face, Amelie and Le Joli Mai (The Lovely Month of May). The screening of Audrey Hepburn and Fred Astaire’s ’50s classic Funny Face will be accompanied by a fashion show with pieces from Ithaca’s swankiest vintage shop, Petrune. Later in the month, one can head to the Willard Straight Memorial Room for the screening of Amelie, five-time Academy Award nominee and high school French class favorite. The show starts at 8:15 p.m., but Paris is about the experience, and if you arrive an hour earlier you will be treated to cheese, French bread and the vocal stylings of Edith Piaf. The series comes to a close with a digital restoration of Le Joli Mai in April. Berets are mandatory for ticket purchase. Arielle Cruz is a junior in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. She can be reached at


Harvard's Sensory Ethnography Lab is rapidly altering the face of documentary cinema, and Cornell Cinema is sharp enough to offer four of its greatest hits this semester. Our very own Prof. J.P. Sniadecki, performing and media arts, will present two of his films, both set, and immersed, in China and screening April 9. Yumen surveys a derelict rural town in Gansu province that has been ravaged by oil mining, while People’s Park has won acclaim from critics around the world for its mesmerizing single-take production. A hallmark of 2013 cinema as much as Gravity, Leviathan (Apr. 18) churns and whirls in its skewed look at life and death aboard a Massachusetts fishing vessel. Co-director Lucien Castaing-Taylor will be on hand to talk about his film, as will Stephanie Spray with her Manakamana (Apr. 19). Tracking various Hindu pilgrimages high up in the mountains of Nepal, the film looks both immense in scale and intimate in its personal revelations. Zach Zahos is a junior in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at

THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 13


The Land of Poutine & Post-Rap


uebec is subject to the same prejudices as all developing regional hiphop scenes — tracks are rarely expected to reach beyond stale beats, questionable samples, and simple, braggadocious rhymes. These prejudices are compounded by the fact that francophones are musical afterthoughts, even in their own country. Though most associate Montreal with groups like Majical Cloudz, Blue Hawaii and, of course, Arcade Fire, these acts represent a narrow slice of musical styles and perform in the language of just 13% of the city’s residents. Naturally, there is a constantly evolving body of music from French-speaking Québécois artists, but it tends to be dominated by pop-folk schlock, derivative club beats and abrasive country. Theoretically, Quebec has been producing hiphop since the early 1990’s, parallel to the era’s burgeoning rap scene in France, but there isn’t much to show for it. While La Brigade effortlessly channeled Nas’s calm, technical flow and Idéal J was spitting dirty bars with themes more brutal than Biggie stabbing people with ice picks, their North American counterparts such as Rainmen and Dubmatique were clearly playing catch-up. Without standout role models, the first Quebec rappers of the new millenium were still far behind the rest of the world. Koriass, whose first release arrived in 2006, marked a change in direction for “rap queb” (as the movement is called). Quebec’s hip-hop game had finally caught up to its Anglo counterparts as Koriass began to experiment with a variety of samples and adopted a uniquely emotive rapping style. Most importantly though, he broke the mold of traditional rap queb lyrics. Instead of spinning artificially dark stories, Koriass raps about the mundane realities of life in the outskirts of Montreal. A single radio-friendly artist who’s now New Cult already behind the Every Day times doesn’t seem like he would spark a musical renaissance, but Koriass unintentionally created a community of groundbreaking young Quebecois whose sounds are reshaping their local scene. In today’s landscape of rap queb, two acts stand out as particularly revolutionary. Both Loud Lary Ajust and Dead Obies shape not only their lyrical content but also the language in which they rap the lyrics to portray real life as a young person in metro Montreal. Very rarely does either group rap entirely in French or English; instead, they deliver an onslaught of franglais that would make the head spin of anyone who didn’t grow up in post-Bill 101 Quebec. These lyrics are far from a ploy to subversively encourage language equality. Rather, they are the language of the multicultural suburban streets, the language that this generation communicates in and, most importantly, the language that the artists speak amongst themselves. As impressive as albums full of mindbending linguistic somersaults might seem to those with a more unilingual upbringing, these feats of language are far from the star of the modern rap queb show. The ghetto franglais is simply a manner of addressing reality in the truest way these artists can. Sure, Loud Lary Ajust raps about “Sippin’ on that lean,” but what rapper doesn’t? Digging just a little deeper, the same track, “ONO,” reveals a subtle awareness of the condition of the inner suburban generation. Loud proudly SANTI SLADE / proclaims, “Still pauvre, pas de diplôme, mais SUN STAFF ILLUSTRATOR whatever man. On va faire du showbiz, homie, c’est le rêve américain (Still poor, no diploma, but whatever man. We’ll do some showbiz, homie, it’s the American dream),” a ray of hope for the dreary, underemployed twentysomething factory worker. Dead Obies take the real life lyrics to another level entirely as they kick off their stellar debut LP, Montréal $ud, by bitching about traffic. There’s no better way to start an album penned by and for the youth of the suburbs than by complaining about a commute from the South Shore. For Dead Obies particularly, the realness doesn’t begin and end with their lyrics. The troupe sees rap as flexible and ever-changing. Influences on Montréal $ud (one of my favorite records of 2013, by the way) range from classic hip-hop to no-wave to electro-pop with seamless transitions and stellar production, culminating in a rage-filled blast of hardcore with “Tony Hawk.” The lyrics fit the album’s musical ebb and flow as the 80-minute epic moves through the 9 to 5 monotony of suburbia and its attached consumerism until the oppressive chains are cut and the group ends up in the paradise of Montreal. The group’s diverse musical attitude toward rap is unprecedented in Quebec, but they embrace the province’s bleak hip-hop landscape, seeing it as a blank slate rather than a constraining box. For this reason, Dead Obies give themselves the confusing label of “post-rap.” On one hand, they feel it might give musical legitimacy to rap, which the older generation seems to have written off as sub-music. But on the other, they feel they can explore music within the spectrum of their own experiences. Dead Obies didn’t shoot gats in turf wars, so instead of faking the thug life, they’ve chosen to appropriate influences from rap in their own personal synthesis. They’re succeeding in abolishing rap stereotypes, contributing to a Quebec musical mindset without the boundaries of genre.

Mike Sosnick

Mike Sosnick is a sophomore in the College of Arts and Sciences. He can be reached at New Cult Every Day will run alternate Wednesdays this semester.


14 THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

ACROSS 1 Big cat of Narnia 6 Salad alternative 10 No more than 14 Pope after John X 15 Facility 16 Iowa State’s city 17 *Genealogist’s tool 19 Political syst. 20 Priestly robes 21 Suffix with Capri 22 Door sign 23 __ Fáil: Irish coronation stone 24 *“Top Hat” leading man 27 Abandon 29 British throne? 30 Churchillian sign 31 Compound conjunction 32 Uppercut target 33 Take a break 34 *Stewed chicken dish 38 First Greek consonant 41 Go a few rounds 42 Petting zoo critter 46 Pulitzer poet Lowell 47 Gloss target 48 Concession speech deliverer 50 *Most serious or least serious 53 Former telecom co. 54 Toga party hosts 55 HDTV brand 56 Amazed sounds 57 “Lois & Clark” reporter 58 Escapes, and, literally, what each of the answers to starred clues does 61 Blues singer James 62 Carded at a club 63 Catorce ÷ dos 64 Work station 65 Billy of “Titanic” 66 Extra

DOWN 36 Make do underlings 1 “Our Gang” kid 37 “What __ can I 48 Game venue with a cowlick say?” 49 Pipe problem 2 Circus barker 38 Bewildered 51 Porterhouse, e.g. 3 Gable’s third wife 39 Kuwait or Qatar 52 Putting spot 4 Thrifty alternative 40 Ruthless rulers 56 “The Wizard __” 5 Zilch 43 Like a Brink’s 58 Line of work, for 6 Parlor piece truck short 7 Propelled, as a 44 Jungle explorer’s 59 Nutritionist’s galley abbr. tool 8 Capitalize on 60 Fed. retirement 9 Peruvian capital? 45 Ouzo flavoring 47 Capt.’s org. 10 __ cum laude 11 Eliciting feeling ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: 12 Really looks up to 13 Springsteen’s __ Band 18 N.Y.C. part 22 DDE’s WWII arena 24 Klinger portrayer on “M*A*S*H” 25 “Ah, me!” 26 Porcine moms 28 Cushioned seat 32 Fla. NFL team, on scoreboards 33 Move for the job, briefly 35 Abbr. referring to a previous citation 01/22/14


Sun Sudoku

Puzzle #533: STATUS CLASSIFIED AD RATES Ads are accepted at The Sun‘s office at 139 W. State Street downtown, by phone or e-mail. Deadline: 3:30 p.m. at The Sun‘s office on the day preceding publication. Monday’s deadline: Friday, 3:30 p.m. at The Sun office.

Fill in the empty cells, one number in each, so that each column, row, and region contains the numbers 1-9 exactly once. Each number in the solution therefore occurs only once in each of the three “directions,” hence the “single numbers” implied by the puzzle’s name. (Rules from /Sudoku)


7 3




7 7

5 8





Commercial Rate: $5.20 per day for first 15 words, 33 cents per day per word thereafter. 5 or more consecutive insertions, $5.00 per day for first 15 words, 31 cents per day per word thereafter.



The Sun is responsible for only one day make good on ads.




8 2



Circles and Stuff




Standard Rate: $3.40 per day for first 15 words, 32 cents per day per word thereafter. 5 or more consecutive insertions, $3.15 per day for first 15 words, 30 cents per day per word thereafter.

8 C

5 7

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THE CORNELL DAILY SUN | Wednesday, January 22, 2014 15


Akpaete Shatters 400 Meter Record



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Continued from page 16

of 2017 proved to be a pivotal part of the 2014 track and field squad. “It was a great time because finally, all of us had plenty of time to hang out and nothing to worry about except track and field,” said freshman runner Libby Nolan. “[It was] a little tough coming off of break at home, but everyone is very encouraging and we are all aiming for the same goal: to do our best in all that we do.” Following its impressive Winter Break run, Cornell set its sights on the Penn State Nittany Lion Challenge on Jan. 18. On the team’s first road trip of the season, the Red proved that its strengths carried over state lines. Both the men’s and women’s teams recorded ECAC and IC4A qualifiers, event wins and several alltime Top-10 school performances. Sophomore Caroline Kellner set an Indoor Personal Record winning the 3000 meter by nearly twenty seconds and Hall of Famer Katy Jay’s ‘03 eleven-year-old school record was shattered by sophomore Udeme Akpaete in the 400, landing her third

place in the meet. The women’s 4X400 team featuring Akpaete, along with Ebolutalese Airewele, Zena Kolliesuah and Elyse Wilkinson set a No. 3 all-time record at Cornell; Wilkinson went on to break into Cornell’s all-time Top-10 in the 600 meter. Senior Lauren Lloyd, after an eleven month hiatus, set a No. 8 all-time Cornell record in the 1000 meter. Freshman Grant Sisserson struck gold for a second time this month, setting a freshman record and a No. 5 all-time Cornell performance with his winning pole vault. “I had taken a considerable amount of jumps and I was starting to get tired, but the possibility of winning with one more jump pushed me to focus and get it together,” Sisserson said. “I hope that I can continue to score points for Cornell in upcoming meets and help my teammates win HEPS,” he said. “As long [as] I am improving my technique, I can’t complain.” Up next for the Red is the Upstate Challenge, hosted in Barton Hall on Jan. 24 and 25. Lisa Awaitey can be reached at

Diverse Opponents Give Red Experience TENNIS

Continued from page 16

doubles matches, but none of its singles matches against the Bulldogs. The following day, the team repeated its doubles success, winning two of three doubles matches and two of six singles matches against Boston College. Senior captain Ryann Young mentioned that the benefit of playing three teams in one weekend is that it helps players learn to adapt to different styles of play. “We were able to get in a lot of

matches, which definitely helps us because it gives us experience,” Young said. “Also, every match was different in terms of our opponents’ game styles. We had to adapt to each new opponent, which is something that will help us going into dual match season.” The matches this weekend showed the Red that while its doubles play is improving, there are specific skills the team needs to focus on in practice. “We still have to work on finishing off points and have better shot selection,” Young said. “We

have to work on playing smarter points, especially during the big points.” After reflecting upon its results this weekend, Young remained confident about the rest of the season. “We proved that we can play with top teams,” she said. “It gave us confidence. Now we know we have the ability to beat really good teams.” Olivia Wittels can be reached at

The Corne¬ Daily Sun






Women Sweep Doubles; Men Defeated By OLIVIA WITTELS Sun Staff Writer

This past weekend the men’s tennis team kicked off its first dual match of the spring season against Buffalo. The Red was one point short of victory against the Bulls, losing the match with a final score of 4-3. Before Sunday, Cornell had never lost to Buffalo in 25 all-time matches. Cornell is ranked 53rd in the nation, but was unable to hold off the lower ranked team for the doubles point. Junior captain Sam Fleck and freshman Chris Vrabel, the 40th ranked doubles team in the nation, won their doubles match, 6-4, against Damien David and Akhil Meta. Junior pairs Jason Luu and Quoc-Daniel Nguyen and Kyle Berman and Alex Sidney lost their doubles matches at the No. 2 and 3 spots. Fleck attests the loss of the doubles point to a lack of energy right from the start. “With the new shorter format in doubles, we didn’t come with enough energy and it cost us,” Fleck said. “That was something we were really good at last year, and something Buffalo did well on Sunday. It was the difference. [The match] showed us that we need to come out with more energy and feed off each other. We were too quiet.” Sidney agreed that the Red did not start its match as energized as it should have. “What was different from last year was the lack of energy that we had to start off the match,” Sidney said. “We didn’t have the same dynamic from court to court and it’s definitely something that we will work on.” Cornell split its singles matches with Buffalo. Fleck had to retire due to injury at the No. 1 position, and Luu and Vrabel fell at No. 2 and 3 singles, respectively. Cornell’s three

points came with victories from the bottom three singles positions. Nguyen, Sidney and freshman Colin Sinclair won their matches at the No. 4, 5 and 6 spots. From the loss, the Red realized it needs to be more aggressive in the future. “We played fearful tennis — we played not to lose,” Fleck said. “In contrast, Buffalo took it to us and played aggressive tennis. We were too defensive.” In addition, Sidney added that the mentality of the Red needs to be more team-oriented in order for the squad to succeed. “We win and lose as a team. If the team wins, we all did well, and if the team loses, we all lost,” he said. “If we keep this ‘rise and fall as a team’ mindset we will have a good season.” Losing to a lower ranked team does have some benefits, as Fleck acknowledged that the defeat will force the Red to work even more diligently in training. “You often learn the most from tough losses. We must take it as motivation going forward that we can’t let something like this happen again,” he said. “It will make us train harder and have a better mindset in matches that will hopefully help us in the long run.” The women’s team fared better than the men this past weekend at the Yale Invitational, especially in doubles. The Red won all three of its doubles points against St. John’s, Yale and Boston College. On Friday, Cornell won two of three doubles matches and five of six singles matches against St. John’s. Competing against Yale on Saturday, the women again won two of three See TENNIS page 15

Staying agressive | Senior Sam Fleck said the Red struggled because it was playing “not to lose” against Buffalo.


Jagtap,Caty Shine Against St.Lawrence By HAMDAN AL-YOUSEFI Sun Staff Writer


Strong leadership | The Red’s seniors recorded five first-place finishes in the Southern Tier Collegiate Open on Jan. 10.


C.U.Posts Strong Individual Performances Over Break By LISA AWAITEY Sun Contributor

Winter recess was anything but a break for the men’s and women’s Track and Field team. The Red hosted half a dozen college teams, various clubs and unaffiliated athletes in the Southern Tier Collegiate Open in Barton Hall on Friday, Jan. 10. The women’s team walked away with six ECAC qualifiers and nine event wins, while the men logged fourteen IC4A qualifying performances and nine victories. Cornell’s seniors led the Red to several first place wins. Emily Shearer placed first in the women’s one-mile, Zaakirah Daniels in the

women’s 60-meter Hurdles, Will Weinlandt in the men’s 500 meter dash, Dan Scott in the men’s triple jump and Tommy Butler in the men’s high jump. However, the meet was not all about the upperclassmen; several freshmen had notable performances in the 2014 season opener. Freshmen Gaynelle Boham, Wynn Curtis, Jozef Mankovecky, Libby Nolan, Jordan Sherwood, Taylor Spillane and Bryan Stuttle all helped the team reach Top-four finishes, while Tobenna Attah and Grant Sisserson took the win in their respective events. The Class See TRACK & FIELD page 15

The men’s squash team had a strong start to the break, but was unable to continue the momentum into the New Year. The stretch of games over winter break started off with a win, dropping only one point in a 90 victory over Brown. What followed were 5-4, 6-3 and 5-4 losses against Yale, Trinity and St. Lawrence. According to coach Mark Devoy, the outcome of the four games was not indicative of how close the matches were. “It’s a rough call, but we wanted to get some wins and we got some close losses and I would class it as being frustrating,” Devoy said. “We’re putting in hard work this week and next week looking to turn those losses into wins.” The Red’s most recent loss came to No. 4 St. Lawrence. Senior Nick Sachvie lost to the No. 1 ranked individual men’s player, Amr Khalifa, while junior Aditya Jagtap suffered a close loss in the second order. By the 8th round, Cornell and St. Lawrence were neck and neck at 4-4, before losing the final match. “We weren’t expecting [to come so close to winning], and I had a bottom order that really didn’t fire and it really should have. After the first round of matches we were 2-1 up, and if we won one of the games at the

bottom that we should have, we would have won,” Devoy said. Devoy had high praise for Jagtap’s performance. “Aditiya Jagtap at number 2 played a brilliant match; if we nailed that, we would have also won. A little bit disappointing for him but it was still a great match to watch,” Devoy said. Devoy was adamant that the run of losses has not affected the team’s morale. “If anything, it’s got them a little bit fired up. We have some seasoned players on the team, I don’t think it has had any effect. It’s actually had the opposite effect; they’re working a little harder,” Devoy said. The Red looks to continue its fine prewinter form after the break, hoping that its recent results have just been a blip in form. “We’re looking forward to the upcoming games; we [have] about five more weeks of the season left. It’s getting a little intense, so we’re hoping we get no sickness now that the term has started, which tends to happen,” Devoy said. The women’s squash team found similar results to the men in three matches during the break. The Red dropped its first two matchups to Yale and Trinity, 9-0 and 8-1 respectively. However, the squad

bounced back this weekend against St. Lawrence, breezing to a 9-0 victory and sweeping all 27 games. Junior Lindsay Seginson, sophomore Reut Odinak and senior Laura Caty had particularly dominant performances. Seginson only gave up a total of six points in her No. 5 victory, and Odinak and Caty allowed just seven apiece. The women have this weekend off, before returning to action at home against Franklin and Marshall on Jan. 31. Hamdan Al-Yousefi can be reached at


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