July 2022 CUJ

Page 1

CTUIR Treaty Day 3-on-3 tourney

Reproductive rights rally at Raley

Youth spent their Treaty Day Saturday shooting hoops during the June 3-on-3 event hosted by General Council.

People gathered to protest recent overturning of Roe V. Wade Supreme Court decision.

See page 5B

See page 13A


Confederated Umatilla Journal The The monthly monthly newspaper newspaper of of the the Confederated Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla

Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Indian Reservation Pendleton, Oregon

Pendleton, Oregon

Board increases funeral funds for CTUIR members By the CUJ

MISSION – The Board of Trustees (Board) for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) passed a resolution to amend the Funeral Assistance Code 7-0-0 during their June 27 meeting. Enrollment Department Director Toni Minthorn met with the Board in a work session June 22. The Funeral Assistance Code lays out how Tribal Member funeral services funding is to be used by families of the deceased. Some of the items eligible for use of funeral funds includes purchase of one Pendleton blanket, travel assistance for family of the deceased, caskets, money to purchase food for the service, money to pay cooks for the service and funds to pay for mortuary services. In September of 2021 the Board passed resolution 21-084 which raised the maximum direct funeral allowance to $5,000. According to the resolution for the second Funeral Assistance Code amendment in under a year, the allowance is being raised again in response to rising costs. “Due to the recent increases in the cost of supplies available through the Confederated Tribes, primarily the casket and Pendleton Blanket costs, the $5,000 limit is no longer sufficient to cover the costs of a basic funeral,” the resolution

Section Section


APRIL 2021

JULY, 2022

Volume 29, Issue 4

Volume 30, Issue 7

Search underway for burial sites of Cayuse Five UO students take on monumental task with Tamastslikt By Wil Phinney for the CUJ

Treaty Day returns to Mission

The Treaty Day Parade kicked off an all day event June 9. Above Whipman Andrew Wildbill leads General Council Chair Lindsey Watchman and David Wolf, Tribal Member and Vice Commander of the George St. Denis Post 140 American Legion, into the Veteran’s Memorial directly following the parade. See more Page 10A. CUJ Photo by Dallas Dick

After two months of research, a group of University of Oregon honors students have narrowed potential sites in Oregon City where they think five Cayuse men were buried or reburied after they were hanged for the death of missionary Marcus Whitman. Whitman’s wife, Narcissa, and 11 others were killed as well but the five men were indicted only for the murder of Marcus Whitman. Recent tribal generations have not been able to determine the location of their burials but students in the UO colloquium have given members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (Confederated Tribes) reason to believe the five bodies could be located. “While the five Cayuse men hanged in 1850 in Oregon City have come to be called “the Cayuse Five” in recent years, we must remember their names and the

See Funeral Assistance page 15A

See Timine Cayuse 5 page 5A

INSIDE THE CUJ Wildhorse Pow Wow returns to Mission Tiny tot girl dances in her jingle dress on Friday of the Wildhorse Pow Wow in Mission. The pow wow has been out of commission since 2019

See page 1C

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation 46411 Timine Way Pendleton, OR 97801

Presorted Standard U.S. Postage PAID Pendleton, OR Permit #100


wát̓ uy nápt (first, two)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


The Confederated Umatilla Journal (CUJ) was created in 1975 as the official publication of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), which includes the Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla people. The 6,000+ circulation newspaper is based out of Pendleton, Oregon, is produced by the CTUIR’s Communications Department and is printed monthly in Lewiston, Idaho.

Richard V. LaCourse (1938-2001) helped found the CUJ in 1975 with the motto, “Only an informed people has its future in its own hands.” An investigative journalism award in his name is presented every year by the Native American Journalists Association.


Confederated Umatilla Journal 46411 Timine Way Pendleton, OR 97801 Phone: 541-429-7005 Fax: 541-429-7005 General inquiries via email: cuj@ctuir.org


Interim Publisher: Jiselle Halfmoon jisellehalfmoon@ctuir.org Interim Editor: Jill-Marie Gavin jill-mariegavin@ctuir.org Reporter: Sam McCloud sammanthamccloud@ctuir.org Photographer: Dallas Dick dallasdick@ctuir.org



Print subscriptions can be purchased The CUJ prints on the first Thursday by contacting the CTUIR Finance Deof each month. partment at 541-429-7150 or visiting Next publish date: August 4th the Finance desk at Nixyaawii GovContribution deadline: July 26th ernance Center, 46411 Timine Way, Advertising deadline: July 19th Pendleton. Though the newspaper is LETTERS TO THE EDITOR free around the area, we do charge GUIDELINES: for mailing subscriptions to cover the • Word limit: 300. printing and postage costs per issue. • Letters containing information Those prices are as follows: found to be inaccurate/libelous will One year: $15, Two years: $28 not be published. ADVERTISE • Letters containing profanity will $5.50 per column inch not be published. Common sizes: • One letter per issue will be Full page: $417 published. Campaigning is not Three Quarter Page: $323 allowed. Half page: $229 • Author’s full name, address and Quarter page: $132 phone number must be listed for Business Card: $52 verification purposes.

Language Lesson Edition: Papáčumim (Imatalamłaamí Sɨ́nwit), tuštimašáat̓al (weyiiletpuutímt) Treaty Day is celebrated on June 9, when the sovereign nations of the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla met in 1855 in Walla Walla, WA to sign a treaty with the United States, establishing the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Imatalamłaamí Sɨ́nwit



Nč̓í Pak̓utpamá Łk̓ʷí

píitamalwitnim léeheyn

Treaty Day






Walla Walla, WA

Čí iwá naamí tiičám.

kíi híiweš núunim wéeteš.

This is our homeland.

Ap̓x̣náwatyaw naamí

timíipnit núunim

Remembering our



(day of the big meeting)



(Comes from the word papáču “middle”, referring to June as the middle of the year)


Avary McKay is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. She is a mixed media artist who weaves, beads, paints and draws. She took interest in art as a toddler when she would sit and draw with her grandmother, Rosemary Narcisse. Rosemary also brought Avary to her first weaving lesson at a Crow’s Shadow basketry class taught by master weaver, Joey Lavadour in 2001. Her painting of Atway Kathleen Gordon, above, was a request from Gordon’s daughter, Jeanine Gordon. McKay painted the portrait in her Blue Mountain Community College painting course in 2010. Gordon’s family now owns the painting.

(day of the treaty)


(Comes from the word túuš

“up, above”, referring to the season of early summer)


(first, three) wát̓uy mɨt́ aat

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


CTUIR breaks ground on Timine Way North apartments Contributed by Planning Department

MISSION - Years of work by current and previous boards and staff have laid the groundwork for these successful and much needed community asset. Despite years of uncertainty from the pandemic, devastating floods, and economic fluctuations, the dedication of the Housing Development Team and Board to not only respond to those events, do their regular daily work, but also complete community asset projects like these is a testament to the resiliency and excellence found in Tribal Government. The Housing Development Team includes members from the Departments of Housing, Economic & Community Development, Planning and Finance. Lindsey X. Watchman, General Council Chairman and Housing Commission Chair and champion of additional housing project highlights that “General Council members and Housing Commissioners have consistently stated that additional housing options should be a priority. We have 76 families currently on the subsidized units’ waiting list. Other households are ready to advance to long-term leases and home ownership in Nixyaawii and future projects. Any new homes or lots made available will no doubt be eagerly scooped up by tribal members.” On July 6, the Board of Trustees alongside the Housing Development Team and the design-builder team broke ground on the Timíne Way North Apartments. Timíne Way North will be an apartment complex to the north of Yellowhawk and Nixyáawii Education Center. The 30 unit project will include 4 studio, 14 bedroom and 12 bedroom market-rate apartments. The project is also designed with solar in mind with a high percentage of the electricity requirements being satisfied by onsite solar Construction is expected to be completed in spring of 2023. The design-build team includes Chervenell Construction, Cole Architects, and Akana, a native owned engineering and planning firm.

Please be mindful that this area will be a construction zone with large vehicles frequently crossing Timíne Way. While there should not be many traffic delays, it would be advisable to use the Highway 331 entrance on Timíne Way to avoid any congestion. The portion of Timíne Way Trail adjacent to the site will also be closed during the construction, however the soon to be completed sidewalks and infrastructure at Nixyáawii Neighborhood to the south of Yellowhawk and Education Center will provide all new walking opportunities for the campus walkers. Nixyáawii Neighborhood infrastructure experienced some delays because of the unusually wet spring, however it is expected to be completed in August 2022. Nixyáawii Neighborhood is 40 residential lots available for long term lease for qualified individuals to build their own home. The most exciting portion of this project was the creation of the 99-year lease process that will provide market rate housing opportunities and all its benefits while also protecting the trust status of tribal lands. “The Nixyáawii Neighborhood is a long-awaited reality to provide Tribal members an opportunity for homeownership on the reservation.” Pamela Ranslam, Homeownership Services Manager for Nixyáawii Community Financial Services (NCFS). “This will not only significantly impact current homeowners but future generation on the Umatilla Reservation. Those leases will be available during a Leasing Event in August. The leasing process, including pricing and how to register for the first round is outlined on the website: www.nixyaawii.com. The website also includes a series of Open House dates and times to answer questions from interested individuals. Open Houses will focus on the process and next steps for individuals to get their home site, so if you’ve attended one of these open houses before, these upcoming open houses will have new information. The third project is the redevelopment

The CTUIR Board of Trustees joined a groundbreaking ceremony for the Timine Way North Apartments July 6. The 30-unit project is scheduled to be completed ins spring of 2023. From left is Wenaha Group Project Manager Shandiin Yessilth, Kyle Clark, Senior Project Manager Chervenell Construction, Marcus Luke, Housing Director, Kat Brigham, BOT Chair Corinne Sams, BOT Member at Large, Sally Kosey, BOT Secretary, Lisa Ganuelas, BOT Member at Large, Aaron Ashley, BOT Vice Chair , Toby Patrick, BOT Member at Large Boots Pond, BOT Member at Large, Lindsey Watchman, GC Chairman, Chair of Housing Commission, Fares Kekhia, PE, Civil Group Manager, Akana Engineering Ian Schmidt, AIA, Architect, Cole Architects. CUJ photo Sam McCloud

of Lucky 7. The project is nearly complete with finishing touches and community amenities still being finalized. Some of the funding for this project was provided by the State of Oregon EBoard as a response for those displaced by the 2020 Umatilla River Flood. The 18 new homes in Lucky 7 are also greatly superior in energy efficiency as opposed to the previous homes, with some residents seeing an 85% drop in energy costs. “This update has been a long time coming. The old units from the 1960’s, 70’s and 80’s served their purpose, but needed a major overhaul. We get compliments from tenants about the roomy houses, efficiency upgrades and especially the reduced utility bills.” ~Housing Department Staff. These projects as well as future projects will help fulfill long needed housing options as identified in the Tribes’ Comprehensive Plan, Housing Strategy Plan, a Housing Needs Study, and a lot of community input and recommendations. These plans ask for a range of hous-

ing options. Housing options not only includes sizes from small studio apartments to moderate and large home site development, but also specialty housing such as elder care and assisted homes, veteran homes, transitional homes, and options for those that are housing stressed or challenged. The Housing Needs Study recognizes that CTUIR requires 349 new homes over the next 20 years to meet tribal member needs, so the approximately 100 total units found in these three projects are just a starting point. “The leadership and direction of current and former Board of Trustees through their priorities and the community inspired plans and policies such as the Comprehensive Plan and Housing Strategy Plan has laid the groundwork for this increase in housing options. It’s an exciting time.” J.D. Tovey, Tribal Planning Director. For updates and information as it is released, please check out the CTUIR website.

US Senator Merkley meets with Board of Trustees Chair By the CUJ

PENDLETON – US Senator Jeff Merkley met with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Board of Trustees Chair Kat Brigham at Hamley’s June 17. Sen. Merkley travelled to eastern Oregon for a series of discussions with rural and Tribal leadership representatives and to speak at the Eastern Oregon Economic Summit, which was held in Hermiston June 16-17. As chair of the US Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Interior, Environment and Related Agencies, Sen. Merkley said he is pleased to have the ability to direct funding toward rural Oregonians. Among the newer initiatives he has been working on, Sen. Merkley said he is especially happy to see funding going toward a new building for Community Action Program of East Central Oregon (CAPECO).

CAPECO provides housing, utility, food and rental assistance to low-income eastern Oregonians. After nearly two years of virtual town halls, Sen. Merkley returned to in-person events earlier this year. Now that town halls are finished he has been meeting with local and Tribal leadership this summer. During his meeting with Chair Brigham, Sen. Merkley discussed matters that are of importance to the CTUIR and Brigham delivered of key messages on behalf of the Tribes. Sen. Merkley discussed the importance of restoring and rebuilding historical Treaty Tribal fishing sites and villages along the Columbia River. Sen. Merkley said he remains dedicated to using his position to fulfill government obligations to the nine Tribes of Oregon due to the federal government’s failure to uphold responsibilities and promises made to sovereign nations.

Board of Trustees Chair Kat Brigham, left, stand with US Senator Jeff Merkley, right, at Hamley Steak House, owned by the CTUIR, June 17.

Board of Trustees Chair Kat Brigham, left, speaks with US Senator Jeff Merkley with CTUIR Tribal Attorney Brent Hall, right, by her side during a meeting with the senator June 17.


wát̓ uy pínapt (first, four)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Noel Rude, center, was honored for his years of work as a linguist with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Education Department in 2012. From left in the back row are Master Speakers Thomas Morning Owl, Kristen Parr, Antone Minthorn and current CTUIR Interim Deputy Executive Director Teara FarrowFerman. In the front row is Rude, left, and Umatilla Master Speaker Mildred Quaempts. CUJ photo JillMarie Gavin

Linguists leave behind legacy of preservation By Wil Phinney for the CUJ

When a native speaker dies, names, phrases and words of a Tribal language can be lost. That is why it is so important for the words of elders to be recorded and documented. For tribes whose entire history is transmitted over thousands of years through the oral tradition, a written language is a modern convention. A system for writing down a symbol for every sound in an undocumented language is necessary. Three men stand as legends in capturing local tribal languages and documenting them in standardized ways. And the three of them “crossed over to the land of light” in the past year. Noel Rude died in November of 2021, Haruo Aoki died in February 2022, and Bruce Rigsby passed in March of this year. The three linguists started working “amongst us” in the 1960s, along with three others – anthropologists Dr. Deward Walker, Dr. Bill Elmendorf and the-late Dr. Theodore Stern. “The work of these men is itself the unequivocal shelf reference for us engaged in linguistic, cultural, and historical work now and for the future,” said Bobbie Conner, director at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute, the museum and archive repository for the Confederated Umatilla Tribes. Rude, Rigsby, and Aoki talked with dozens of elders of several Columbia Plateau interior tribes, including the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), to document the meaning, pronunciation, spelling, and context of Plateau

languages. Rigsby first, and later Rude, focused study on the Umatilla language, preserving for the ages knowledge of tribal lifeways and philosophy embedded in the language. Rigsby wrote the forward for Čáw Pawá Laakni – They are Not Forgotten, a Sahaptian Place Names Atlas for the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla people. Rude provided phonemic analysis and the key for pronunciation. Both assisted the atlas project in “untold ways” over its 14-year incubation. Aoki worked with elders to record the Nez Perce language, which is spoken among tribes in Idaho, Washington, and Oregon. He meticulously documented that language into the Nez Perce Dictionary in 1994. They each gave decades of their lives to Plateau language preservation.

Noel Rude has been described as a “walking repository” of many elders’ testaments and “deep,” or old structured language, in the Sahaptin dialects – Umatilla, Walla Walla, and Nez Perce, which was adopted by the Cayuse in the 1800’s. His goal was to help elders document and revitalize Umatilla, Cayuse-Nez Perce, and Walla Walla languages. The result was a Umatilla dictionary, published in 2014, almost 20 years after he began his work with the Umatilla Tribes in 1996. The dictionary was intended to be the legacy of the elders who worked diligently with Rude during the 1980’s, 1990’s and 2000’s.

Rude’s work with the Sahaptian languages began in the 1960s with Elizabeth Wilson in Kamiah, Idaho. He talked with elders from Idaho, Oregon and Washington while doing graduate research, and working with the Umatilla Tribes. He wrote his dissertation on Nez Perce grammar and discourse, and became the Umatilla Tribes’ linguist in 1996. In the Umatilla Dictionary, published in 2014, Rude is credited as the “first to provide a phonemic analysis of the language.” According to the dictionary foreword – authored by Modesta Minthorn, CTUIR Education Department Director and a linguist, “This dictionary plays a big role in our current language endeavors as a tribe. It brings together a large body of work that has spanned decades for the use of the decedents of fluent speakers that worked with Dr. Rude. The dictionary also puts the endangered language in the academic world for all to utilize and become familiar with the languages.” She continued, “The people that dedicated their time to the compilation of this work are all gone. This book has preserved their works and knowledge for all of us and for those of us yet to come and places it truly in the heart of the people.” Of the dictionary, Rude wrote: “This is a gift to the youth. No matter where they find themselves, they will have access to the beautiful words of their elders. May this kindle their curiosity! And may their elders’ legacy never fade.”

His words have come true. Through a CTUIR collaboration with Google, students of the Umatilla language can look words up from their phones from anywhere today. Rude was diligent and mostly serious, but he also had a fun side in his day-to-day work with elders. Minthorn, who formerly led the Tribes’ language program, said Rude had a profound sense of humor. “Noel could laugh at most anything and definitely had a quick wit,” said Minthorn. “One time, while I was in my master’s program [at the University of Oregon], him and I got into a discussion about linguistics. We were so into the discussion we did not notice all of the elders were sleeping in their chairs. We looked up and he said, ‘That is why not everyone is a linguist. It’s too boring.’ Him and I laughed and got up and they (elders) all opened their eyes and laughed at us. Good times with all of them.”

Bruce Rigsby was an anthropologist who specialized in language and ethnography on two continents – Australia and North America. He was a member of both the Australian Anthropological Society and American Anthropological Association. Rigsby was most recently a professor emeritus of native peoples at Queensland University in Australia. In 1975, Rigsby became head of the new Department of Anthropology at the University and directed his interests toward languages and tribes of the See Linguists page 15A

(first, five) wát̓uy páx ̣at

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Cayuse 5


Continued from page 1A

importance of each of their lives to their families and our Tribes, then and now,” said Bobbie Conner, director of Tamástslikt Cultural Institute (Tamástslikt), the museum and archive repository for the Confederated Tribes. The five men’s names are: Ti’ílaka’aykt, Tamáhas, ’Iceyéeye Cilúukiis, K’oy’am’á Šuumkíin, Łókomus. Conner continued, “Contemporary descendants Les and Armand Minthorn have been stalwart in their efforts to find and honor their ancestors. The Honors class is one of three projects related to the Cayuse Five.” On June 3, 172 years to the day since the public execution of the Cayuse Five, 18 Clark Honors College students presented their findings at the UO Many Nations Longhouse. Among those in attendance were CTUIR elders Les Minthorn and Andy Dumont, Cultural Resource Committee member Woodrow Star, Tamástslikt staff and UO native students. In addition to the student reports, Tamástslikt staff accepted five boxes of archival and library material from the family of the-late Ronald Lansing, professor of law and the author of Juggernaut, a historical narrative of the trial that took place in Oregon City during the last week of May 1850. The CTUIR presented gifts of appreciation to the class including professors Moffitt and Arnett and to the Lansing family. A cougar hide was given to Les Minthorn who carries the name of his ancestor, K’oy’am’á Šuumkíin, “cougar shirt”. Marcus Whitman was killed on Nov. 29, 1847. Two and a half years later the five Cayuse men, accompanied by two other Cayuse headmen, presented themselves to federal officials. The Five were shackled by federal troops who took them to Oregon City, which was then the capital of the Oregon Territory, where they were tried, convicted, and executed in a public exhibition. In their statements, the Cayuse Five asserted their innocence and only came to federal officials to recount what they knew of the deaths at Whitman Mission. The students were part of a “real-world investigation,” which was, and is, a collaboration with Tamástslikt. Conner was instrumental in getting the student effort underway. The class - Searching for the Cayuse Five - started April 1 with a busload of 16 students traveling from the UO campus in Eugene to Oregon City up the Columbia River to present-day Celilo and Tamástslikt. They spent the

University of Oregon Professor Michael Moffitt and students at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Contributed photo

following day at the Whitman Mission National Historic Site at Weyíilet, west of present-day Walla Walla. Students were accompanied by Howie Arnett, UO professor of Indian law and counsel to the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs; Michael Moffitt, Phil Knight-endowed professor, and Conner. In Oregon City, CTUIR anthropologist Dr. Jennifer Karson Engum, and Oregon City Public Works Director John Lewis, and city planner Christina Robertson-Gardiner met with students at McLoughlin Promenade, a city park that provides views of the Willamette River, Willamette Falls and an estimated location of the hanging site. The hanging

Island in Oregon City where Cayuse Five awaited trial. Painting by Henry Warre.

scaffold was erected in an area that became the Blue Heron Mill, which is now owned by the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde and is in downtown Oregon City. At Whitman Mission, students heard testimony from seven Cayuses and from former Whitman Mission superintendent Timothy Nitz before touring the grounds. Karson Engum provided the class with documents, clippings, and oral histories that CTUIR staff had accumulated over the years, which gave them a starting point for more investigation. For two months students pored over information – church and legal records, oral histories, genealogy, and mapping. Existing trial records were scrutinized

to understand what happened between the time when the men were taken into custody and when they were hanged. Karson Engum communicated with students throughout the course to clarify sources, references, and perspectives. With the help of guest historians, anthropologists, geologists and geographers, students attempted to narrow the initial list of potential sites. By mapping the current area with overlayed historical diagrams, accounts of the execution that mention the bodies being taken by handcart and buried near a creek west of the city could be given a modern context. Students looked at old land records to try to determine who owned which plots and when. Two of the students spent more than 24 hours digging through Lansing’s Juggernaut notes. One account in Lansing’s boxes included a 1937 statement from a man whose father was present at the execution and burial. As a small boy his father showed him the burial site several times. He provided a detailed description of where his father told him the Cayuse were buried. His description included directions by footage, such as when he wrote: “Proceed from this unmarked point south 150 feet…” His account also included logistical markers, such as when he wrote that the site was “about 10 feet north of a forked white fir tree 20 inches in diameter … and to the south end of a row of scrubby fruit trees …” Said Moffitt, “This may not be a case of searching for physical remains. We wish that we could offer the Tribes a simple answer, and we cannot. Our team has spent countless hours over the last nine weeks, digging and challenging, exploring and questioning, compiling, and re-examining. We have been down rabbit holes. We have gotten excited. We have faced down despair. We have held each other up. We have held each

other accountable. We have learned, and we have learned about what we do not know.” The students discounted two cemeteries and a location near a suspension bridge on the east side of Oregon City. Nitz and Tamástslikt threw out another, reducing to two the number of potential sites. Other factors also played a part in the students’ search efforts. For example, one document relating to a federal permitting process for a city building says “the most likely burial site” does not take into consideration the effect of flooding and erosion over the 150 years since the burial of the five Cayuse men … Over years [the burials] could have been moved due to area floods or erosion.” The report writer said he understood there had been at least seven floods over the last century and a half. In designing the course, Moffitt said he wanted to do something with students that “would be of benefit to students and to one of the tribes here in Oregon.” Moffitt’s course description hinged in part upon conversations with fellow academic Arnett, who had worked previously with Conner at Tamástslikt, who suggested the idea of students working to find the graves of the Cayuse Five. “We have worked hard. All of us. And I am unspeakably proud of these students and all they have accomplished. We also know that there is much work yet to be done. We recognize that the decisions about possible next steps are to be made by the Tribe. We would welcome the chance to continue to work with Tamástslikt in some capacity, if that would be of interest,” Moffitt said. Conner said the next research priority will be working with the departments of Oregon City and Clackamas County governments, and continuing students, to identify possible motivation for relocation, including timing. “We have a mind-blowing amount to follow up on with this material. And more work to do in a more focused future,” Conner said. Moffitt agreed. “The fact that we do not collectively know the burial sites of the Cayuse Five stands in the way of the prospect of repatriation, of justice, of reconciliation, or whatever else we who are living may decide is the wisest course of action,” said Moffitt. Conner concluded, “The five executed men were closely related. Three were brothers and two were cousins. They are not forgotten and this work must continue for as long as is necessary.”

From Washington State Archives, Washington Secretary of State In 1836 Dr. Marcus and Narcissa Whitman established a Methodist mission at Waiilatpu, about six miles west of the present-day city of Walla Walla. With the help of several assistants and workmen, Marcus and Narcissa attempted to instruct the neighboring Cayuse Indians in Christianity and tried to teach them the skills they would need to be successful farmers and ranchers. After 1842 the Whitman Mission also became an important stopping place for pioneer wagon trains heading west on the Oregon Trail. For ten years the Whitman Mission was relatively successful and the Indians respected the Whitmans. However, by 1847 things began to change. Every year brought an

increase in the number of wagon trains and the Indians began to fear the settlers would steal their lands. With the pioneers came diseases to which the Indians had no resistance. In 1847 a measles epidemic swept through the Indian villages, and although Dr. Whitman tried to treat the Indians, rumors spread that he was infecting the Indians by giving them disease carrying blankets. On March 29, 1847 a group of Indians entered the mission grounds, apparently on a friendly visit, but with weapons concealed in their clothing. When two of the Indians met Dr. Whitman in the mission kitchen, one engaged him in conversation while the other one gave him a fatal blow from behind - that was the signal to

begin the attack. Of the 72 people staying at the mission, fourteen were killed including both Marcus and Narcissa. The Indians captured 54 women and children and held them hostage, but a few people escaped in the confusion. Twelve days later the Hudson’s Bay Company ransomed the captives. The ransom consisted of 62 blankets, 63 cotton shirts, 12 muskets, 600 loads of ammunition, 37 lbs. of tobacco, and 12 flints. News of the Whitman Massacre quickly spread. The Oregon Provisional Government raised a volunteer army to fight the Indians, resulting in the Cayuse War of 1848-50. Unfortunately this incident marked the beginning of Indian conflicts that would last for years.


wát̓ uy uylɨx́ s (first, six)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


Calm after the storm A double rainbow rose over Tutuilla after a stormy Wildhorse Pow Wow weekend. The pow wow was shut down Saturday night due to weather and a cloudy Sunday made way for a double rainbow to appear as the event ended. The Wildhorse Pow Wow has been on pause, due to Covid, since 2019. This is the first year back since the pandemic began three years ago triggering worldwide shut downs. CUJ Photo Jill-Marie Gavin

Pond looks back at journey and growth over years Summer Memories: Everyone’s growing up too fast! By the time this piece is out, summer will be going in full force. We will be over halfway through the year of 2022. Time seems to go by without any notice. The return of both the heat and sunshine jogs my memory of the joyous moments I’ve witnessed during the blazing seasons of years past. These happy memories are a little bittersweet because it is a reminder of how quickly everyone is growing up. To be sure, there are sentimental feelings flowing through me currently as I recall those summers. Around five years ago I returned to the area in the summer of 2017. I finished college over in Michigan and at the time I was not doing a single thing except bothering my parents. Sometimes it is like that when there’s completion of a goal that was originally thought to be unachievable. Then, whether from fear or being overly-cautious, I had no motivation to find out what to do next. I then saw an ad in the CUJ needing more part-time employees to help out at the Summer Recreation Program. Honestly, I did not know what I was getting myself into, but working with kids at “summer rec” was better than being a couch potato. It was really frustrating the first two or

three weeks to say the least. The kids would not listen. I do not want to call any of them out since a lot of them are high schoolers currently, but the urge is there, just for fun, because they are more mature and cool now. As the days went on I got on their level and was a child at Pond heart for most of the summer. I tried to make the morning Tamastslikt Cultural Institute trail walks more interesting by making them a race. I would dunk kids at the Aquatic Center, and I also made up little prizes for completing miscellaneous tasks. About a month in I wished I was not part time. The kids opened up more about how they were doing and what their thoughts were about the next school year. I told them they would grow up before they knew it. That’s the thing though, these little kids I used to know are not so little anymore. The kids, who were first graders at the time, are now entering the middle school and the eighth-graders have now recently graduated. It’s been wild to realize how much has developed in five years’ time, and not just the children. A huge makeover happened at the July grounds area where summer recreation used to

occur. Both the Old Yellowhawk building and the Cay-Uma-Wa Education Center are now flattened. In the old Nixyaawii gym there have been a bunch of renovations done as well. The gym, eventually, became home to the After-school Program. The Veterans’ Memorial and the Longhouse remain intact. There are more changes to come for the July Grounds area as we continue on this decade. A place I have basically grown up in has changed so much. “Nothing lasts forever” is a saying I heard a lot growing up. Many graduation ceremonies have taken place within the past month, ranging from Head Start to college. There have been endless happy moments and all the photo opportunities were taken advantage of. It’s just a shame, sometimes, that time is not on anyone’s side. Take time to gather yourself and to cherish what has been brought to you in your lives so far. Remember, the doors of any member of the Board of Trustees are open to talk about any concern or to gather info. You can reach me at BootsPond@ctuir.org or at 541-969-2214. Hopefully the rest of the summer treats everyone well. Boots Pond is a Member at Large for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Board of Trustees.

Kosey wishes students well in their next steps ahead It’s that time of the year again, and I want to extend my sincerest congratulation to all of our GED ,High School and College graduates who have achieved their diploma. Graduation is one of our most treasured goals. I wish all the graduates the same success and happiness in reaching these new goals, that you have enjoyed achieving along the way. To the students, you are graduating at a time when America is being severely tested not only from within but from the outside as well. We stand at the threshold of America’s future and young people like you will soon be called upon to help lead the way. Since you have benefited from the privileges and opportunity, which flow only from a free and orderly society, I will

be counting on you to be forever vigilant in order to preserve and improve the very system which we live and abide by. Be active in your community, and government. It will make your life and others more complete. As you start your next jourKosey ney, whether that be a new career, life as a college student, beginning work as a tradesman, identifying your desired career path or beginning employment towards your new future, you must never stop making your dreams come true. As summer begins and you find your way, with

permanent or summer jobs, don’t forget where you come from. Remember your Tribe will always have open arms for you to return to you homeland and provide you with opportunities to expand your skills and knowledge as a Tribal employee. I know the Board of Trustee is always proud of our Indigenous youth who are making these accomplishments in their lives, your future is bright. We wish you nothing but happiness on your well-deserved success.

“You’re off to great places! Today is your day! Your mountain is waiting, So get on your way!” — Dr. Seuss

Sally Kosey is the elected Secretary for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Board of Trustees.

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July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


Dahza Joseph demonstrates the Fancy Shawl Dance for Jackalope Jamboree spectators June 24. ‘Our Songs are Alive’ dancing and singing group took to the Happy Canyon stage June 24 during the Jackalope Jamboree. In the front row, from left, are dancing members of the group Kellen Joseph, Sheldon Joseph, Dahza Joseph, Athena Whiskeyjack, Aurora Whiskeyjack and Katrina Miller. Behind them stand drumming and singing members of the group, from left, Kelsey Burns, Wus Gone, Damien Totus and Fred Hill, Sr. CUJ photos Jill-Marie Gavin

Jackalope Jamboree gets pow wow lesson By the CUJ

PENDLETON - A group of dancers and drummers brought an unexpected performance to the folksy Jackalope Jamboree June 24. The group, according to Fred Hill, Sr., is named “Our Songs are Alive” and they have been performing togther for the last five years. They have been invited to perform at the Holiday Music Festival at the Vert Auditorium in Pendleton by James Dean Kindle, executive director of the Oregon East Symphony, annually. Kindle suggested to Rian Beach, Jackalope Jamboree co-founder, to have Our Songs are Alive as part of the concert line up. Current group members include drummers and singers Fred Hill, Sr., Wus Gone, Damien Totus, Kelsey Burns and Thomas Morningowl. Dancers in the group are Kellen Joseph, Sheldon Joseph, Dahza Joseph, Aurora Whiskeyjack, Athena Whiskeyjack and Katrina Miller.

‘Our Songs are Alive’ dancing group member Katrina Miller helps lead concert-goers in a friendship round dance at the Happy Canyon Arena June 24.

Drumming members of the ‘Our Songs are Alive’ group belted out pow wow songs while dancing members demonstrated Fancy Shawl, Jingle, Women’s Platuea Style Traditional and Men’s Round Bustle pow wow dances. From left are drummers Wus Gone, Fred Hill, Sr., Kelsey Burns and Damien Totus performing at the Jackalope Jamboree June 24 in Pendleton.

Kellen Joseph brought his children Dahza and Sheldon Joseph along with him to demonstrate different dance styles during the Jackalope Jamboree music festival held in Pendleton at the Happy Canyon Arena June 22-25.

‘Our Songs are Alive’ members (and sisters) Aurora, left, and Athena Whiskeyjack, right, participate in the friendship round dance during the closing of their performance at the Happy Canyon Arena June 24.


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Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

ALMANAC: To place an advertisement, public notice, announcement, or obituary in the CUJ call (541)429-7368


In lieu of flowers please make a contribution to any Special Olympics organization there is, as this would make Teresa smile so proudly knowing that other athletics will share their experience.

American flute, listening to R&B and soul music from the ‘60s and powwow jams. He had several woodworking projects in progress. One of his greatest joys

Dwight Lee Williams

Teresa Madson 06/18/1967 – 06/22/22 Teresa was born June 18, 1967 in Spokane WA to Art Madson and Arlene (Lavadour) Madson. She passed away on June 22, 2022 in Burien, WA at the home she shared with her sister corri and brother in-law merle. Teresa was very active in Seattle parks department activities and Seattle “sharks” Special Olympics. The stories, laughter, and giggles will forever be missed, with everything that Teresa participated in. her love of bowling, baseball, basketball, and track and field are something that Teresa was so very proud of. Just hearing Teresa walk up at ft. Lewis each and every year to one of the uniformed soldiers and telling them how much she liked them because they are cute will be something that will be missed by everyone. Teresa loved Elvis and would dance and sing to all of his songs. Her room was filled with all kinds of Elvis memorabilia. Teresa is preceded in death by her parents, Art Madson (1984) and Arlene (Lavadour) Madson (1989), her oldest brother Ken, and youngest brother Eric (2017). She is survived by her sister Corri and brother in-law Merle whom both of them loved her more than anyone could ever imagine. Staying home and providing the care, and comfort to Teresa is what mattered to both Corri and Merle, and it was demonstrated each and every day. A special thank you to Tim, Roberto, Darrell, and Ken for all of the love and attention, and kind heartedness they gave to Teresa, Corri and Merle. A celebration of life was held at and included a meal: 1234 south 129th st. Burien, Washington 98168 Teresa was loved by many people.

March 3, 1948 - June 26, 2022 Dwight was born March 3, 1948, in Lewiston to Genevieve “Penny” Switzler and Kenneth Williams, of Lapwai, and passed away Sunday, June 26, 2022, because of complications of diabetes. He is survived by his loving wife, Jenny, of 53 years, April Skahan, Jenifer Williams and Alice and Dan Spaulding, their four children Pauline (Shayley and Krisalyn), Loretta (Tuff and Breia), Daniel and Betsy, all of Lapwai, and his grandson Sky Watters, of Sweetwater, granddaughter Lydia SkahanMcCloud and her husband Red Bear McCloud and great grandson, Red “Baby” Bear William McCloud, also of Lapwai. He is also survived by his stepfather, Donald Jones, his brother, Alex Williams Sr., his wife Joyce and his sister Wilma Williams and her granddaughters Krystal and Callie, Virginia “Ginger” Williams, Maria Williams and Titus Williams as well as Kim Taylor and family. He was preceded in death by his mother, Penny, and brother Kenny Williams Jr. He is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation; he is also Nez Perce and Assiniboine Sioux. He is incredibly proud of his culture and Native heritage. He often shared his traditional knowledge. Dwight retired as the facilities director from the Clearwater River Casino after 19-plus years of dedicated service. He was a longtime practicing member of the Bahai faith active in the local Lapwai community, and was also recognized as a spiritual elder within the Sundance community. He participated in Sundance for more than 20 years in Montana and North and South Dakota. Recently, he participated in the local Sundance along with his nephews and nieces. Dwight loved hunting, fishing, and harvesting traditional roots and materials with his family. He was self-taught and enjoyed playing the Native

was watching his granddaughter, grandsonin-law, and great-grandson dance at powwows. He was an avid Lapwai Wildcat sports fan. Dwight especially loved cheering on his grandsons and many nephews during basketball season. He, his family and grandpup made the trip to the boys state basketball tournament each year. Dwight enjoyed traveling across Indian Country. When Sky and Lydia were young, they would take summer trips to powwows, national parks, and the mountains. They marveled at the wonder of the Grand Canyon and drove through picturesque Yellowstone National Park where Dwight was always on the lookout for wildlife. He looked forward to buffalo hunting trips to Montana with his daughter, granddaughter and nephews. Always an activist, he was among the first group of warriors who defended Tribal fishing rights at Rapid River. He took his nephews to Standing Rock to stand with the Water Protectors and added the Nez Perce Flag to the row of tribal flags along the entry of the encampment. Services will be held 10 a.m. today at the Pi-Nee-Waus in Lapwai. Burial will be at the Jonas Cemetery in Sweetwater following the services, with a dinner at the Pi-Nee-Waus. Arlene Henry will serve as head cook for the family.

Jobs Join the Cayuse Holdings team! We have dozens of jobs open each month. Work on the Reservation, remotely from your home, across the US or overseas. Equal Opportunity Employer. See the complete list of job openings at www.cayuseholdings.com. To sign up for our Talent Network (be the first to learn about c areer opps that fit your interests and skill sets and get access to our weekly hot jobs list) go to https://www.cayusetalentsolutions.com/ talent-network Current Cayuse Holdings job opportunities include College Apprentice, AWS Developer, Budget/Business Analyst, Customer Service Agent, Executive Assistant (remote), Graphics Designer, Proposal Writer/Manager, and Desktop IT Technician on or near Indian Reservations

across the US. Job Announcements COLUMBIA RIVER INTER-TRIBAL FISH COMMISSION IS HIRING THE FOLLOWING POSITIONS: Office of the Executive Director Deputy Director Salary: $125,000 - $142,000 (DOQ) CRITFC is looking for an experienced and dependable individual to serve as Deputy Director of the organization. S/he will be responsible for both internal and external facing responsibilities, ranging from policy analyses to administrative oversight. The Deputy Director will work closely with the Executive Director to accomplish CRITFC’s goals and priorities as set by the Commission acting in accordance with its constitution and bylaws. The Deputy Director is a highly visible management position that assists the Executive Director in the development and execution of operational policies for the organization and the development and monitoring of progress towards strategic and department goals. S/ he should be a high-level strategic thinker, work well under pressure, and be an experienced manager of people and processes. The Deputy Director must be very familiar with tribal culture, leadership, and governance. S/he should be comfortable working at the executive level, preferably bringing previous experience working with a board. Experience working in fisheries, natural resources, or tribal governance is important; a commitment to restoring salmon and protecting tribal treaty fishing rights is a must. Classification: Regular, Full-time. Location: Portland, Oregon. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www.critfc.org/jobs Office of Executive Director Public Information Specialist Salary Range: $65,137 – $71,651 (DOQ) This position works to forward the culture, goals and aspirations of the Commission and its member tribes to the broader public through media and outreach activities. The position will write press releases, news stories, website and social media posts, and other creative writing to share the work, priorities, and views of CRITFC and its member tribes. The potential of performing some job duties via telework, particularly from or near the CRITFC member tribes’ reservations and ceded lands, could be considered. The position also executes CRITFC’s media strategy, occasionally serves as a CRITFC spokesperson, and is a liaison between CRITFC and national, regional, local, and tribal press. The position works closely with Commissioners, CRITFC staff and tribal staff to ensure that the programs’ outreach needs are met and the Commission’s goals are accomplished. The position will require regular interaction with the public, representation of CRITFC to groups and audiences, and being called upon to speak extemporaneously on a variety of topics relating to CRITFC and its member tribes’ work. Tribal preference will be followed, with the ideal candidate possessing a broad knowledge of fisheries or natural resource, Columbia Plateau tribal culture, and Native American issues in general. Classification: Regular, Full-time. Location: Portland, Oregon. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www. critfc.org/jobs

Pendleton Pioneer Chapel received three prestigious awards in 2009

The Oregon Funeral Directors Association Award of Funeral Service Excellence w The Best Of Eastern Oregon Award as voted by the readers of the East Oregonian w Pendleton Chamber of Commerce 2009 Business of the Year

Our experienced family provides caring, compassionate care including:

Burial Services ~ Military Services Cremation ~ Monuments

(first, nine) wát̓uy k̓ úyc

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


ALMANAC: To place an advertisement, public notice, announcement, or obituary in the CUJ call (541)429-7368 Fishing Site Maintenance Department InLieu and Treaty Fishing Access Sites Fishing Site Maintenance Worker Three (3) Vacancies Wage Range: $16.58 - $17.69 hourly (DOQ) These positions will provide the maintenance of the 31 Tribal In-Lieu and Treaty Fishing Access Sites located along 150 miles of the Columbia River. The FSMD crews perform work that involves a variety of trade practices to maintain, repair, and improve existing public facilities. Skills include painting, plumbing, carpentry, masonry, electrical, custodial work, and maintaining sanitation standards in all facilities. Maintenance workers use hand and power tools to accomplish the work. Classification: Regular, Full-time. Location: The Dalles, Oregon. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www.critfc.org/ jobs Enforcement Department Hood River Office CRITPD-Police Officer Multiple Vacancies Salary: $53,061 - $57,948 (DOQ) The Columbia River Inter-Tribal Police Department (CRITPD) is based in Hood River Oregon. The CRITFC Police Department provides 24-hour policing focused on the 150 mile stretch of the Columbia River from Bonneville to McNary Dams and adjacent lands by vehicle and boat. CRITPD has commissions from all four CRITFC member tribes (Yakama, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Nez Perce), the Bureau of Indian Affairs, some Washington counties, and are Oregon-certified officers. The department enforces treaty fishing regulations and criminal laws, responds to search and rescue emergencies, and provides archeological resource protection. CRITPD also provides full police services on tribal lands along the Columbia River. Classification: Regular, Full-time. Location: Hood River or Boardman, Oregon. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www.critfc.org/jobs Enforcement Department Hood River Office

CRITPD-Dispatcher/Communications Officer Multiple Vacancies Salary: $41,135 - $44,971 (DOQ) Columbia River Inter-Tribal Police dispatchers are based in Hood River, Oregon and are the communication link for all incoming communications to the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Police Department (CRITPD). Dispatchers are directly responsible for the operation of all office radio communications and telephone equipment, they monitor patrol officer activities, and answer incoming emergency calls for service, business, and assistance calls. The position works rotating shifts to support the round the clock police service provided by the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Police Department. Classification: Regular, Full-time. Location: Hood River, Oregon. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www.critfc.org/jobs Fishery Science Department Hagerman, ID Genomics Researcher Salary: $51,068 – $65,906 (DOQ) This position is part of CRITFC’s Fishery Science Department, but will be located with the genetics group at the Hagerman Fish Culture Experiment Station in Hagerman, ID. This research group is involved in testing conservation, evolution, and ecological theories related to salmonids and other fishes. The Genomics Researcher will work under the Lead Geneticist and Lab Managers, in association with CRITFC geneticists and other technicians, as well as staff of the Fishery Science Department in Portland, OR. Efforts will focus on applying empirical genetics/genomics data to address questions related to conservation and recovery of steelhead, Chinook, sockeye, and coho salmon, sturgeon, lamprey, and other fishes of the Columbia River Basin. Beyond typical lab duties, additional roles include bioinformatics support on genomics projects, processing sequencing data with existing pipelines, and generation of genomic data from sequencing instruments. Classification: Reg-

ular, Full-time. Location: Hagerman, Idaho. Closing date: open until filled. Please visit our jobs board to apply, www.critfc.org/jobs

Weather CTUIR Weather Report June 2022 Weather information summarize data taken at the Pendleton Weather Station Lat 45 40 N and Lon -118 51 W from June 1 to June 29. Temperature is reported in degrees Fahrenheit and time in Pacific Standard Time. The average daily temperature was 77.5 degrees with a high of 98 degrees on June 27 and a low of 44 degrees on June 15. Total precipitation to date in June was 2.16 inches with the greatest 24hr average of 0.61” on June 2&3. 8 days out of the month had precipitation levels greater than .01 inches with 7 days greater than 0.10 inches and with 0 days greater than 0.50”. We saw a slight increase in precipitation of 1.15” from average for the month of June. The average wind speed was 9.4 mph with a sustained max speed of 36.0 mph from the West on June 2. A peak speed of 54 mph occurred from the West on June 2. The dominant wind direction was from the West. There were 3 Thunderstorms, 15 days out of 29 in which some rain fell, 0 Haze events/days, and 6 Fog/Mist. Air Quality Index values remained Green/Healthy. Open burning is allowed with the 2022 CTUIR Burn Permit email calebminthorn@ctuir.org for more information.

Corrections The Tigerscot boy’s track team placed third in the state track meet, it was stated in the June CUJ they won first.


Board of Trustees

Chair Lindsey X. Watchman

Vice Chair Aaron Ashley

Vice Chair Michael Ray Johnson

Treasurer Sandra Sampson

Secretary Shawna Gavin

Secretary Sally Kosey

Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl

At-large BOT Members: Boots Pond Corinne Sams Lisa Ganuelas Toby Patrick

General Council contact Info Office: 541-429-7378 Email: GeneralCouncil@ctuir.org Meeting updates and information on: www.ctuir.org/government/general-council

Executive Director: Donald G. Sampson Deputy Executive Directors: Jonetta Herrera & Shana McConville Radford

Celebration of life for

Randy Alexander

Date: Saturday July 23rd Event will be held at our home place, 46259 Mission Rd, Pendleton starting at 11:00. Please bring a lawn chair as will be outside. Food will be provided. Everyone welcome.

General Council Draft Agenda July 21, 2022 – 2:00 PM Hybrid: In-person & Virtual via Zoom

General Council

Chair Kathryn Brigham

An earlier version of the story regarding a UIR homicide stated the crime took place May 24 and that the accused first appeared in court May 25. The alleged crime took place May 25 and Kawlija Scott’s first court appearance was May 27. Pete Stanger was identified as Maelyn Stanger in Section B of the June CUJ.

1. Call to Order

2. Invocation 3. Ascertainment of Quorum a. General Council Officers b. Board of Trustees c. General Council Members 4. Approval of Agenda

Note: For zoom meeting ID or call-in phone access, email General Council Secretary Shawna Gavin at shawnagavin@ctuir.org Please include your CTUIR tribal enrollment # for verification.

5. Approval of Executive Summary – May 19, 2022; June 16, 2022 6. Old Business 7. New Business a. Moss Adams Report b. Enrollment Commission Annual Report – Bonnie Burke, Enrollment Commission Chair c. TERO Commission Annual Report – TERO Chair Lawanda Bronson 8. Open Mic 9. Announcements/Notes 10. Adjournment


wát̓ uy pútɨmt (first, ten)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) elders listen to speakers at the Veteran’s Memorial during the Treaty Commemoration held in Mission June 9. The CTUIR Treaty was signed June 9,1855. From left are Tessie Williams, Delphine Wood, Roberta Kipp, Suzanne Barnett, Marie Dick and Mitzi Rodriguez.

CTUIR Education Department Umatilla Master Speaker Fred Hill, Sr., left, sits w Parade. The parade began on A Street in Mission and looped around to end at th

CTUIR commemo MISSION - The Office of General Council plans to expand the Treaty Day Commemoration event over several days in years to come. The 2022 event started with a parade on June Randall Minthorn sings from the big drum during Grand Entry into the Veteran’s Memorial June 9.

9 and was fol Memorial befo rector Bobbie C speaker at the

Toni Cordell, veteran and CTUIR Tribal Member, plays taps during the Veteran’s Memorial portion of the Treaty Day program June 9 in Mission.

Wildhorse Resort & Casino staff members Raven Manta, left, and Jennifer Cross, right, drive a Wildhorse golf cart decorated in Treaty Day inspired artwork. The parade started on A street in Mission and ended at the Veteran’s Memorial where Grand Entry was held before speakers discussed the Tribes’ history of service in the armed forces.

Wildland firefighters participate in the Treaty Day Parade on foot in Mission, Ju and CTUIR staff. Housing Department won first place in the Best Float Contest

(first, eleven) wát̓uy pútɨmt ku náx ̣š

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

CTUIR elder and veteran Antone Minthorn waves at Treaty Day participants when his name is called in recognition of his service at the Veteran’s Memorial.

with Whipman Andrew Wildbill, center, and Walla Walla Chief Donald Sampson, right, after the Treaty Day he Veteran’s Memorial before Grand Entry and a speaking engagment June 9. CUJ photo by Dallas Dick

orates Treaty signers

llowed by an event at the Veteran’s ore Tamastslikt Cultural Institute DiConner delivered a speech as keynote e Mission Longhouse.


Tamastslikt Cultural Institute Director Bobbie Conner was asked to be the keynote speaker for the Treaty Day Commemoration in Mission, June 9. Conner spoke at length about the history of CTUIR’s negotiations and work to reserve and protect their Treaty Rights since the treaty was signed in 1855.

The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Treaty, which reserved rights excersised by the CTUIR to this day, was negotiated and signed with the US Government June 9, 1855.

une 9. The parade was planned by the Office of the General Council along with a committee of volunteers and was gifted a pizza party by General Council.

CUJ photos Jill-Marie Gavin and Dallas Dick

Mitzi Rodriguez, left, and Dorothy Jones, right, wave and throw candy from the Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center float during the Treaty Day Parade.


wát̓ uy pútɨmt ku nápt (first, twelve)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

CTUIR launches mobile app to inform UIR community Story contributed by Cayuse Holdings

PENDLETON - The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) has launched its new mobile application, Cay-Uma-Wa Camp Crier, which is designed to enhance communications with and among the Umatilla Indian Reservation Reservation community. The app is available now in the Apple (iOS) and Android app stores for free, under the name Cay-Uma-Wa Camp Crier. After downloading the app to their mobile device, users must sign up for an account to request access. Because the app is exclusively for use by the CTUIR and its community, user requests will be reviewed and approved by CTUIR staff. The app is intended for use only by CTUIR tribal members, residents of the reservation, employees of the tribe and its various businesses and entities, and others with ties to the CTUIR, which makes it different than other communication tools such as social media. According to Jiselle Halfmoon, CTUIR Acting Communications Director, “We will be using Cay-Uma-Wa Camp Crier to quickly communicate with the community in a more targeted manner. Our initial list of app uses includes emergency notifications, department updates, language lessons, council meeting notices and links, job opportunities, and a list of tribal resources users can access with the push of a button.” Halfmoon says the app will have official groups created and administered by the CTUIR, and also app users to create their own groups with friends, family and community members. Users can send text messages, photo messages, and

The Cay-Uma-Wa Camp Crier App, developed by Cayuse Holdings, is available now on Apple iOS and Android app stores for free. The app was developed to enhance communications among Umatilla Indian Reservation residents and community members. Contributed photos

do audio and video calls among their app user friends or with officials at CTUIR. “We have a small set of official groups to start with, and will be adding more official groups this summer as we get staff from various departments trained on the app,” said Halfmoon. “We ask the community to be patient as we learn how to use this amazing tool and to get our staff accustomed to using it as part

of their roles to serve the community.” Halfmoon noted that if people have suggestions for official groups or ways to use the app, she welcomes their input and said the easiest way to make those suggestions is to use the “Contact Us” button on the CampCrier.com website. The mobile app was designed and built by Cayuse Native Solutions, a subsidiary of Cayuse Holdings, which

is wholly owned by the CTUIR. The CTUIR’s version of the app is considered the pilot version, meaning it is the first of its kind, and CTUIR is helping to shape and contribute feature and module ideas, some of which are still in production. According to Debra Croswell, CNS President, who oversees the app’s design and development, CNS plans to market and sell the mobile app to other tribes throughout the U.S. “We’ve already had interest from a handful of tribes inquiring about the app,” said Croswell. “We have a website and have been adding features to the app to make it a robust and useful tool for tribes to communicate with their communities more effectively. We’ll be visiting with tribes to start customizing their version of the app, which will retain the Camp Crier portion of the name but will also contain a name representing that particular tribe.” Croswell says the name of the app is a tribute to many Native American cultures where those who would travel from village to village, by foot or on horseback, to deliver important news were often known as camp criers. Cayuse Holdings and its subsidiaries employ more than 540 people who are stationed around the United States and overseas. For more information, go to www.cayuseholdings.com. Cayuse Technologies started in 2006 as a strategic alliance between the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Accenture. Cayuse was expanded in 2018 to a holding company structure, which consists of multiple subsidiary companies, including Cayuse Technologies. The Cayuse family of companies is an enterprise of the CTUIR.

Fossek hired as police officer, to attend academy in the fall By the CUJ

MISSION – Former Happy Canyon Princess and Round-Up Court Princess Makayla Fossek was sworn in June 24 as a Umatilla Tribal Police Officer. Fossek, descendent of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), plans to follow in her father’s footsteps as she pursues a career in law enforcement. Fossek’s father, Bob Fossek, is an enrolled CTUIR Tribal member and has worked in law enforcement for over 25 years. She said the deciding factor for choosing to apply with the department was more than just a family-trade decision, it was one also based on the importance of culturMakayla Fossek ally-sound community policing. “Growing up with my dad being a police officer always inspired me, and the older I got the more involved I got with the community. I have wanted to find ways to become more involved and give back. I was

born and raised here on the reservation and if anyone is going to be out there keeping it safe and protecting it, I want it to be me,” Fossek said. Fossek, who graduated from Pendleton High School in 2019, is currently pursuing her Associates of Arts Oregon Transfer degree at Blue Mountain Community College. As she continues her education she is looking forward to making a career of her new job choice. Fossek has plans to stay in the area to I was born and work and raise a family. Being a part of the comraised here on the munity and an Indigenous reservation and if woman with CTUIR blood, anyone is going Fossek believes in the importance of having a police force to be out there that reflects the community keeping it safe they serve. and protecting it, I “Having police officers that want it to be me, really care and have their own -Fossek personal investment in the communities they’re protecting is important. Part of being in law enforcement is being able to create relationships with the people you are protecting and serving, it makes things everything flow,” she said. Fossek will attend police academy beginning Oc- Makayla Fossek riding in the 2020 Westward Ho! Parade during tober 11. her reign as Happy Canyon Princess. CUJ photo

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

(first, thirteen) wát̓uy pútɨmt ku mɨt́ aat

Pro-choice demonstrators call for women’s right to choose


Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Tribal Members Clarise Huesties, left, and Aaliyah Dick, right, hold signs in support of “safe and legal” abortion rights for women. Both women said they came to the event to support women’s right to choose. CUJ photos JillMarie Gavin

PENDLETON - Briana Spencer, enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR), organized a “Fight for Reproductive Rights” event on Facebook through the Pendleton Action Coalition, which she leads. The event, according to Spencer, was to show support to women in states where access to legal and safe abortion have been severely limited since the June 24 US Supreme Court decision to overturn Roe V. Wade. Pendleton and local area residents gathered in the 95 degree weather to support the cause.

Protesters stood on the sidewalk outside Roy Raley Park to object to a recent US Supreme Court ruling to overturn Roe V. Wade June 27. The decision set into motion “trigger” laws in states across the country. Many of those laws ban abortions for women who have passed six weeks gestation. Several state lawmakers, from various states, have begun drafting legislation in an attempt to charge women for felony crimes if they travel across state lines to have abortions performed past their home-state gestational abortion limits. The Pendleton Action Coalition, led by CTUIR Tribal member Briana Spencer, organized the reproductive rights rally to show solidarity and support to women in states where abortion has been severally limited. The event was held June 27 outside of Roy Raley Park in Pendleton.

The “Fight for Reproductive Rights” Facebook event called for Pendleton community residents to show up to Roy Raley Park June 27 to “Bring your signs and voices to show your support for reproductive rights.”

CTUIR Tribal Member women gather to talk during the “Fight for Reproductive Rights” rally held in Pendleton June 27. From left is Briana Spencer, Megan Van Pelt and Makiesha Van Pelt with daughter Calliope.


wát̓ uy pútɨmt ku pínapt (first, fourteen)


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Continued from page 4A

Eastern Cape York Peninsula and Princess Charolle Bay in Australia. Before that he co-authored “A Short Practical Dictionary of the Gitksan Language” while at the University of British Columbia with Lonnie Hindle (Ansbayaxw). This dictionary, created more than 40 years ago, introduced a solid writing system to the Gitxsan language that is still used today. Before that Rigsby was a professor of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico. And before that, while at the University of Michigan working on his masters and later his dissertation, he worked with the Umatilla Tribes. His visits to the Umatilla Indian Reservation spanned 50 years, from the 1960s to 2010. Conner, at Tamástslikt, remembers meeting Bruce Rigsby when she was 8 years old. Rigsby was tall with shoulder-length red hair. The “very tall” Kentucky man became a member of the family and lived with Conner’s great aunt Vera Spokane Jones. He would sweat with her grandfather, Gilbert Conner. “We went to Mt. Adams and picked huckleberries together. We camped for more than a week at Surprise Lakes with Auntie Vera, Bruce, Barbara (wife), their kids Jan and Mark and our grandparents,” Conner said. Rigsby said it was important that “our young people still have a bond to our homeland. He said that our identity in our land is how we stay strong.” He recorded Conner’s great aunt and

Haruo Aoki, center, receives blanket from Nez Perce scholars Beth Piatote, right, and Angel Sobotta, left. UC Berkeley photo by Melani King

“wrote fast trying to keep up with her.” Rigsby would ask Vera questions and repronounced and restated words. “We all laughed together when he said he asked her to retell a story again, but slower, and she did retell it, only faster,” Conner recalled. When he died in February of this year,

Haruo Aoki was Professor Emeritus of

East Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of California – Berkeley. Aoki received his Ph.D. in linguistics from UC Berkeley in 1965 with a dissertation titled “Nez Perce Grammar.” He contributed fundamental work on the Nez Perce language for decades, including his immense 1,280-page Nez Perce

Thanks to the following for their monetary donations to the 36th Annual Indian Lake Fish Derby: Gold Sponsors $350+:

Coyote Business Park Master Printers Nixyaawii Community Financial Services Pioneer Title Wenaha Group Zimmerman’s Autobody & Glass

Bronze Sponsors:

Burns Mortuary of Pendleton Byrnes Oil Cunningham Sheep Farm Equipment Headquarters First Community Credit Union Wheatland Insurance Zollman’s Larry Burd Well Drilling, LLC

adopted by the Cayuse people. The last known speaker of the Cayuse language died before World War II. The Cayuse people knew themselves as “Iiksiyu” and later became known as “Weyíiletpu,” a Nez Perce term meaning “people of the waving rye grass.” Much like Rude, Aoki listened to elders speak and transcribed their words into phonetic symbols, then organized them, with definitions, into a practical tool to use the languages in the future. Aoki came to the Umatilla Reservation to help with the dictionary at the request of Rude. Phillip Cash Cash, who has a doctorate in Linguistic Anthropology from the University of Arizona, Tucson, said the recorded Umatilla voices are invaluable. “The first generation of modern linguists who worked on the languages of the Southern Plateau have given us a profoundly important record into the life worlds of our ancestral speech communities,” said Cash Cash, a member of the Weyíiletpu (Cayuse) and Niimiipuu (Nez Perce) tribes. “For those of us who follow in their footsteps, we are greatly indebted to their groundbreaking documentary work. More importantly, the language change we are experiencing makes our revitalization task all that more compelling and urgent.”

Dictionary published in 1994. Before his efforts, which started in the late 1950’s, the Nez Perce did not have a written language, although words had been recorded in the 1900s. Aoki could speak Nez Perce, but with a Japanese accent, which he did not want the Nez Perce to pick up; he sat still and took notes. He authored specialized linguistic articles on Nez Perce phonology, morphology, lexis, and historical reconstruction. Aoki also did linguistic fieldwork on the Nagasaki dialect of Japanese and published many works related to Conner concluded Japanese. with this: “One of the As a teenager, Aoki reasons these men was drafted into the were so revered is Imperial Navy, but the that they were humwar ended before he was called to service. Bruce Rigsby at Tamastslikt Cultural ble and didn’t want Institute in September of 2004. Photo by to draw attention to He went to college in Eugene Hunn themselves. They did Hiroshima, came to the United States on a Fulbright to study their work within the tribal community, English, and in 1958 earned his Ph.D in according to how our people lived … They were not using us to achieve their linguistics from UC Berkeley. One of his first endeavors was with own notoriety but worked with us to the Nez Perce language, which was perpetuate the spoken languages.”

Silver Sponsors:

Amundson Construction Morvallo Leasing

And to those that donated items: Abby's Pizza Arrowhead Travel Plaza Big John's Blue Mountain Creations Cara Gillpatrick Children's Museum of Eastern Oregon D & B Supply Desert Springs Bottled Water

Frazier Office Supply Great Pacific Leigh Pinkham-Johnston Les Schwab Oregon East Symphony Oregon Wheat Growers League Oxford Suites Pendleton Bottling Pendleton Round Up Tamastslikt Cultural

Institute Tami Rochelle The Saddle Thompson RV Umatilla County Fair Walmart Wendy's Western Auto Wildhorse Casino Resort Wilson Farms, LLC Zimmerman's Hardware

Thank you to the volunteers and staff who made the fish derby a success.

A BIG thanks to everyone who supported these kiddos to attend the 2022 Spokane Hoopfest. Left to right, Irvin Stewart, Kash Bronson, Jeffrey Van Pelt, Teegan Herrera.

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Funeral Assistance says. Increases in fuel pricing is cited as one of the reasons for additional funding needs. The total allowance was increased to $6,000. The resolution outlines the increased funding allowances for specific funeral expenses. “The Board of Trustees hereby adopts amended Funeral Assistance Code, attached hereto as Exhibit 1, which increases the maximum direct funeral allowance from $5000 to $6,000 for basic funeral costs, increases the Pendleton Blanket allowance from $275 to $325,

Continued from page 1A

increases the travel assistance amount from $100 to $150, extends the period in which headstones may be purchased to three years from the death of a Tribal Member, allows for the dinner assistance benefit to be used for memorial services if unused at the time of the funeral, and allows for a transportation allowance, which provides funding for transporting deceased Tribal members from the place of death to the place of burial with no reduction to the basic funeral allowance,” the resolution says.

Pendleton Friends of the Library Sale begins Aug. 25 PENDLETON — The Pendleton Friends of the Library (PFOL) will host the annual book sale Aug. 25-27 at the Pendleton Convention Center. The Book Sale is the PFOL’s largest fundraiser of the year with more than 50,000 books and media for sale. All funds raised go to PFOL to support programs, materials and other needs at the Pendleton Public Library. Public sale dates for the 2022 Book Sale are 10 a.m. – 8 p.m. Friday, Aug. 26, and 10 a.m. – 2 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 27.

The sale ends with the $1 Bag Sale from 3-5 p.m. on Saturday. In addition to the public sale, the 2022 Book Sale will feature a member preview sale from 7-9 p.m. on Thursday, Aug. 25. A PFOL membership is required to enter the preview sale, and memberships can be purchased at the door or online at the PFOL website, https://pendletonfriendsofthelibrary.wordpress.com/ For more information, email PendletonFriendsOfTheLibrary@gmail.com.


(first, fifteen) wát̓uy pútɨmt ku páx ̣at


Saturday, July 16 Doors Open 11am Warm-Ups 2pm Main Session 2:30pm Paper & Machine Session Buy-in at the door. Visit wildhorseresort.com for more information.

From CTUIR.org

The Columbia River System encompasses over hundreds of thousands of miles of streams with over a billion cubic feet per second a year passing along its shores into the Pacific Ocean. The system reaches deep into the interior of North America and drains over 259,000 square miles. The river flows from sources in the North American Rockies, from mountain sources along Snake River including the middle Rocky Mountains, from both sides of the Cascade Mountains, and flows through estuaries to the Pacific.

Send bday ads ($5) to CUJ@ctuir.org


800.654.9453 • PENDLETON, OR wildhorseresort.com






wát̓ uy pútɨmt ku uylɨx́ s (first, sixteen)

THANK YOU Burke and Cowapoo family thankful for help On behalf of the family of Betty Burke, We would like to give thanks and show our appreciation to the following people for showing up during our time of need: Raven Cody, Victoria Baker, Bryan Baker, Siddalee Baker for cleaning and wiping down the home. Marissa Baumgartner & Linda Sampson for the rosebush water. Terence Cowapoo, Alyric RedCrane, Bryson RedCrane, Maurice Bronson, Jacq Jones, for cleaning storage units and burning. Lorene Broncheau, Kevin Moore and Rochelle Moore-Helfrecht, Deana Crane and family, Berta Fuentes, Ellen Taylor and Julie Taylor for the food. Home service drummers: Toby Patrick, Josh Spencer, Alan Crawford, Alyric RedCrane, Bryson RedCrane. Michelle Burke for making her beautiful wing dress. Sid & Brooklyn Jones for assisting with giveaway purchases. Her Mother and siblings for all they did and continue to do.

We’re especially thankful for all that contributed beautiful flowers, flowers were her favorite. All the drummers, dancers, and cooks for her funeral. Particularly appreciative for not hesitating when asked, head cook Judy Farrow and Officiant Fred Hill Sr. Deanie & Sharice Johnson, Roddena Cowapoo, Babette Cowapoo and Koko Hufford for the funeral food donations. Andi Scott for creating the lovely memorial cards. Babette & Terence Cowapoo for staying overnight at the longhouse. Stewart Harris and Sandy Mayberry for speaking at the gravesite. Furthermore, we’re grateful for the Enrollment Department, and Public Works Department for making the process as smooth as possible, Burns Mortuary for the compassion and professionalism you have shown us. Her unexpected passing has us in shock still, so please forgive us if we left anyone out. We are grateful for all the overwhelming love and support from the whole community. Respectfully, Larry Cowapoo, Candice & Zack Patrick, & Pugsley

George family thanks May flood clean-up volunteers

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022 Would like extend a special thank you to James Hall for assessing the May 29, 2022 flood situation, and Julie Taylor for engaging the bolster program(Tahya Halfmoon, David Wolf, Julie Minthorn), JD Jones, Pros Picard, Emilio Delgado, Charles Jones, James Bill, George Diggins, Josie Erickson, Quincy George for assisting with sand bags. Your help was greatly appreciated! Many thanks, Kelly and Gary George

General Council Officers thank volunteers, staff General Council officers welcomed the opportunity to host Treaty Day 2022 and this year’s event was a great success. The theme was “Wiyapnišamš” (pronounced we-UPnee-shumsh) which means “to walk out into the open” and was agreed to by the Treaty Day Planning Committee, all are so thankful to be able to hold and participate in this year’s event after being closed in for the past two years due to the pandemic. It was a feeling of celebration to be out in the open and enjoy each other’s company while honoring our ancestors who worked so hard to come to the agreement on the Treaty of 1855. Artwork for

CTUIR - CTUIR EMERGENCY RENTAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (ERAP) <https://ctuir.org/departments/housing/grants-programs/ctuir-emergency-rental-assistance-program-erap/>

Updated: Eligibility Criteria

Eligible Household: As of June 13, 2022, the CTUIR ERAP may award financial assistance to applicant households who live in rental units and have one or more members that: Are enrolled CTUIR members, OR community members[1] living within Umatilla, Morrow, Union, Wallowa, Wheeler, Grant, Baker, Malheur, Benton, Franklin, Walla Walla, Columbia, and Garfield Counties, Are at least eighteen (18) years old; Have experienced financial hardship (qualified for unemployment benefits, experienced a reduction in income, incurred significant costs) related to the COVID-19 Pandemic; Have experienced housing instability or homelessness; AND Have a household total adjusted income less than eighty percent (80%) of the area median income; Eligible Expenses: As of June 13, 2022, the CTUIR ERAP may provide financial assistance with the following expenses:  Rental payments;  Rental arrears;  Utility payments (including reinstatement fees and deposits);  Utility arrears

Questions? Please contact Housing Department front office 541/429-7937 and ask for Kim Hughes or leave a message for a call back. Please provide an email address for contact as well. [1]

“Community Members” includes non-member Indians and non-Indians.

the theme was graciously provided by Jonni Spencer, a very talented CTUIR artist. Many tribal and community members came to enjoy the parade. Different tribal entities and departments participated in the parade which was led by Grand Marshal Bobbie Conner. We welcomed this year’s Happy Canyon Princesses Samantha Craig Allen and Marly Johnson as well. This year’s departmental winner and recipient of a pizza party at Big John’s Pizza was the Housing Department. Other winners for Horse Entry 1st Prize Jeremy Wolf; Horse Entry 2nd Prize Clarice Huesties; Individual entry 1st Prize was Manaia Wolf and Individual Entry 2nd prize went to the Nixyaawii Elder’s Van driven by Roberta Kipp and including Marie “Butch” Dick; Delphine Wood and Suzanne Barnett. General Council officers wish to thank all who participated in the parade this year!! After the parade, participants were invited to partake in honoring events at the Veterans Memorial and at the Longhouse where four Purple Heart recipients were honored. Sam Spino, Veteran’s Coordinator for the Department of Family and Children Services honored Bob Shippentower; Leon Sheoships; Ron Halfmoon and Marion Kipp with Pendleton blankets during the program. Bobbie Conner spoke eloquently about the Treaty of 1855 laying down rich history and outlining the proceedings of 167 years ago. Les “Kite” Minthorn also shared his perspective on the proceedings of the Treaty. We also thank the George St. Denis Post 140 Veterans who both posted and retired colors after the event. There are many to give thanks to and below are listed: Treaty Day Planning Committee: Toni Cordell, WRC/George St. Denis Post 140 American Legion; Andrea Hall, Tribal Planning / Vendor Coordinator James Hall, UTFD; Deb Croswell, Cayuse Holdings; Alaina Mildenberger, CTUIR Public Works / Exhibits Coordinator; Teara Farrow Ferman, OED; Kelsey Burns, YTHC / Basketball Coordinator; Sam Spino, DCFS; Cree Enright, WRC; Brittney Eickstaedt, DCFS / Volunteer Coordinator; Tim Addleman, UTPD; Cami Lewis, OED / Volunteer Coordinator; Derrick Bingham, UTPD / Parade Manager; RaeAnn Oatman, DNR; Kris Powaukee, Public Works / Horseshoe Tourney Coordinator Volunteers: Mena Laude, Brittney Eickstaedt, Leanna Lewis, Cami Lewis, Tami Rochelle, Leigh Pinkham-Johnston, Kateara Chavez, Lisa Ganuelas, Katrina Burnside, Celeste Reves, Julie (Dit) Burke, Heather De Mary, Liz Bill, Job Schimmel, Kristi Miller, Amber Gillpatrick, Shannon Blood, Cynthia Bean, Jolie Wendt and Jill-Marie Gavin. Donations: Cayuse Holdings: Veteran’s gifts; Horseshoe Tourney prizes Wildhorse Resort & Casino: Boxed lunches; bottled water; loaned golf carts; Parade/ volunteer prizes KCUW - sound system and parade booth KCUW Taćmawii Nixyaawii (Boots Pond, Jill-Marie Gavin) media coverage for event CTUIR BOT - approved funding We’re humbly grateful to all who volunteered and participated in making such a memorable day. We appreciate beyond words, those who took their valuable time to acknowledge Treaty of 1855 which preserves our rights as Cayuse, Umatilla and Walla Walla descendants. General Council Officers: Lindsey X. “Pateewas” Watchman, GC Chair Michael R. “Hiyuum AsaKii” Johnson, GC Vice Chair Shawna “We’eke Eykse We’eptes Ayat” Shillal-Gavin, GC Secretary Thomas “Kakinesh” Morning Owl, GC Interpreter

(first, seventeen) wát̓uy pútɨmt ku uynápt

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


Nicht-Tow-Way Elder’s Program event to be held Sept. 9 Story contributed by Nicht-Yow-Way program

MISSION - The Nicht-Yow-Way Senior Program will host the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) Elder’s Day at the Wildhorse Resort & Casino September 9. Hundreds of visitors from neighboring tribes are expected to attend the event and experience the hospitality of the CTUIR. The senior program wants to represent the best of CTUIR values in welcoming fellow native elders. The day usually begins with a continental breakfast and continues on toward lunch with entertainment and prize drawings. Local seniors are invited to join the planning group. Some tasks will be to recruit talent and emcee, create a theme and decorations, plan for giveaway swag, coordinate vendors, and to do fundraising and solicit donations for prize drawings. Contacts for donations can be directed to officers Mary Halfmoon, Chairperson; Lorena Thompson, Vice-Chairperson; Susan Sheoships, Secretary-Treasurer. The committee receives staff support from the CTUIR Department of Children and Family Services (DCFS). At this time, the DCFS Elders Coordinator position is vacant. The Nicht-Yow-Way Senior Advisory Committee continues to meet on the first Friday of each month at 9 a.m. at the Nicht-Yow-Way Senior Center. A goal is to reduce social isolation among seniors by coordinating opportunities for recreation and travel for approximately 675 CTUIR elders aged 55 years and older. Due to COVID-19 prevalence across Indian Country, there have been few opportunities in 2022 for travel and fellowship with neighboring senior citizen programs. Some seniors travelled to the Muckleshoot Tribe’s Elder Day on May 12, 2022. Travel plans include day-trips to the Tamkaliks celebration at Wallowa, Oregon, July 22, 23, and 24. Sign-up sheets will be set up at the Nicht-Yow-Way senior center prior to the trips. Travelers can request a $25 daily stipend in advance. The senior program would welcome the addition of volunteer drivers. Volunteer drivers need to be certified by CTUIR Human Resources. CDL is not required to drive the senior van and bus. The senior program received word that the Tulalip Tribe will hold an Elders’ Day in August and is still awaiting details. At the December 2021 meeting, the senior program also approved a trip

Roxie A. Minthorn June 23 5 years

to Shipwreck Beads, yet to be scheduled. There are certain requirements for seniors who sign up to travel on the bus and the van. Program policy requires the senior traveler to be ambulatory or physically mobile and independent. If the traveler needs some help, the senior traveler’s caregiver should also be signed up to

accompany them. The volunteer drivers are not able to provide caregiving assistance during trips. All travelers are required to submit a waiver-release form (available at the senior center). CTUIR-enrolled seniors can pick up four $5 Farmers Market tokens at the senior center from 11 am to 1 pm on the first and fifteenth of the month until

the supply is depleted. Movie tickets to the Wildhorse Cineplex will also be available, and will be dispensed not to exceed two tickets per elder per month. These items must be picked up in person. To get more information, or to leave a message for the Nicht-Yow-Way Senior Advisory Committee, contact DCFS at (541)429-7300.

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wát̓ uy pútɨmt ku uymɨt́ at (first, eighteen)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Why can’t the public access the West’s biggest waterfall? By Brian Oaster of High Country News

Every second, 32,000 cubic feet of water rushes over a horseshoe-shaped basalt ledge, churning up a dome of mist and white noise that enfolds the entire 1,500-foot-long, four-story-high shelf. Willamette Falls, the West’s biggest waterfall, is surpassed in the U.S. only by Niagara. It would astound anyone who saw it — if they could see it. But for a century now, industrial structures have blocked access to this natural wonder. These structures have included lumber, grist, woolen and paper mills, the nation’s largest producer of cardboard box material, and a hydroelectric dam that diminished the waterfall to power the nation’s first successful long-distance transmission of electricity. Throughout the 20th century, the falls, nestled in the Portland area between Oregon City and West Linn, seemed destined to serve industry and little else. Then the Blue Heron Paper Mill went bankrupt after a New York private equity firm purchased it, and the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde seized the opportunity to buy the property in 2019. The tribal nation was already involved in a plan to restore the area and reclaim the falls, having partnered with the Willamette Falls Legacy Project, a nonprofit organized to revitalize the falls, and the Willamette Falls Trust, which began as the Legacy Project’s fundraising arm before expanding operations. The Legacy Project, which included Clackamas

County, Oregon City, the state of Oregon and the tri-county authority Oregon Metro, set out to redesign the old paper mill with Grand Ronde for public access. After Grand Ronde finalized its $15.25 million purchase of the 23-acre site, however, the project took a turn. In spring 2020, the trust invited other tribes with ties to the falls to join the

Ronde was not pleased; Chairwoman Cheryle Kennedy publicly criticized the tribes’ inclusion, saying the trust’s board sought to “undermine us by asking other tribes to take seats.” Grand Ronde presented itself as the only tribe with a legitimate connection to the falls. “We’re the sovereign nation that has the treaty for the entire metro-

Aerial view of Willamette Falls, which currently has no public access point on the ground. Sean Schlimgen/Resinated Lens

board: the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs and the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians joined. Grand

politan area,” Kennedy told the Portland Tribune. “No other tribe can say that.” Kennedy also wrote a formal complaint to the trust’s board of directors about microaggressions: During meetings, non-Native contractors allegedly presented Indigenous histories, inaccurately and without permission, and used colonial terms like “discovery.” Then, in February 2021, Grand Ronde refused to sign a standard confidentiality agreement with the trust to protect donor information, as well as an IRS-required conflict of interest agreement, in what Kennedy called “an ultimatum.” In response, the trust barred Grand Ronde from a Zoom meeting. In a letter to the board, Kennedy called these “insulting and harmful practices.” “Those claims about cultural incompetence or microaggressions because of these documents continue to confuse us,” said Gerard Rodriguez (Yaqui and Nahautl), the trust’s associate director and director of tribal affairs. “No other tribal nation had any issue with this.” Still, the trust apologized. In April 2021, Grand Ronde withdrew from the trust, and this March it withdrew from the legacy project altogether, taking its waterfall-front real estate with it. This left the project without a site, and Grand Ronde on its own to find funding for development. Grand Ronde blamed the microaggressions, and bureaucratic gridlock caused by too many parties being involved. But Grand Ronde’s isn’t the only story. DAVIS “YELLOWASH” WASHINES, who represents the Yakama Nation on the board of the Willamette Falls Trust, has longtime friends on Grand

Ronde’s tribal council, as well as family connections to the Klikitat people, who historically enrolled with both Yakama and Grand Ronde. “These are basically our relatives,” Washines said. But he, along with the board’s other tribal representatives, took issue with Grand Ronde’s exclusive claim to the falls. While Washines agrees that most people ejected from the area ended up on the Grand Ronde Reservation, he says the contemporary tribes overlap, and the Yakama people’s spiritual and cultural relationship with Willamette Falls dates back to time immemorial. Prior to industrial degradation, this natural wonder was a marketplace. Salmon and lamprey gathered at the falls, so the people did too, traveling from across the Northwest to fish, trade, laugh and see old friends. After the federal government divided area tribes, it sent them to reservations, reorganized as confederations. Today these confederations, including the Yakama Nation, Warm Springs and Umatilla, retain treaty-guaranteed access to the falls as a “usual and accustomed” fishing site. It’s one of the last places in the U.S. to harvest Pacific lamprey. “We’re not ‘visitors’ — those things have no place in our discussion,” Washines said. “If other people want to say that they are the only people there, then that’s their business. But I rely on facts myself. And I rely on the oral tradition of our people.” “Their argument that they are the only Indians in the universe who matter at Willamette Falls is absolutely ridiculous,” said Robert Kentta, treasurer of the Siletz Tribe and current board chair of Willamette Falls Trust. He called Grand Ronde’s behavior bullying, its withdrawal from the trust a “public flip.” Kentta fears that, more than just shutting other tribes out of the development project, Grand Ronde might erase other tribal histories from public presentations, or even shut down plans for public access to the falls. “We’re not ‘visitors’ — those things have no place in our discussion.” Willamette Falls in Portland, Oregon, is surrounded by industrial buildings like the former Blue Heron Paper Mill, seen on the right, just past the falls. Now, tribes are working to restore the falls and to open up public access. Sean Schlimgen/Resinated Lens Grand Ronde bought the mill with an easement running through it, which Oregon Metro obtained from a previous owner. That easement requires any future developments to include a public riverwalk. Grand Ronde told HCN that public access remains a central element of the tribe’s development plans. But Kentta’s not convinced. “I am concerned that with Metro’s posture, that (Grand Ronde) will bully their way into either getting Metro to hand over that easement to them or sell it to them.” Continued on next page

Submit letters to the editor to cuj@ctuir.org

(first, nineteen) wát̓uy pútɨmt ku k̓úyc

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal Continued from previous page

Metro is in a precarious position. It is a member of the legacy project, it has a non-voting member on the board of the trust, and it has to balance these interests against the wishes of Grand Ronde, which owns the property with the easement. When asked who could enforce the easement, or whether it was possible for Grand Ronde to take control of it, a Metro representative emailed HCN: “We continue to work with the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde regarding the role that the easement plays in their redevelopment on the property. Public access at Willamette Falls is important to everyone, and we are looking forward to further conversations about how to achieve that shared goal.” “I am concerned that with Metro’s posture, that (Grand Ronde) will bully their way into either getting Metro to hand over that easement to them or sell it to them.” Kentta said the Willamette Falls situation is yet another attempt by Grand Ronde to disrupt other tribes’ development plans. “We’ve been through many of these kinds of contests with the Grand Ronde Tribe, and they play a very nontraditional, non-Native type of political game.” Washines called this behavior “aggressive.” An op-ed in the Umatilla tribal newsletter, written by the tribe’s board of trustees, said “the restored Grand Ronde Tribe seems to have forgotten how Indians resolve differences”; Umatilla “supported the restoration of

the Grand Ronde Tribe in the 1980s, but their quest for territorial expansion through exclusionary practices has made working together difficult.” But Grand

in an email to HCN. “We are disheartened to hear the comments from some. We view these comments as distracting from the important work at hand. Our

Willamette Falls in Portland, Oregon, is surrounded by industrial buildings like the former Blue Heron Paper Mill, seen on the right, just past the falls. Now, tribes are working to restore the falls and to open up public access. Sean Schlimgen/Resinated Lens

Ronde insists it has a unique role, since the falls are part of tribal homelands ceded under the Willamette Valley Treaty of 1855. “Today, as owners and hosts of the site, our goal is to renew access for the public. As we make progress towards that goal, we welcome input from all that have an interest in our Willamette Falls project,” said Sara Thompson, the Grand Ronde Tribe’s communications director,

focus is on renewing, restoring, and revitalizing Willamette Falls so we can all experience this special place.” IT’S IMPORTANT TO REMEMBER that these fractures stem from painful histories. None of these confederations, or the boundaries between them, existed before colonization. In fact, in 1855 there was only one western Oregon reservation: Siletz,


which is where the tribes that became part of Grand Ronde were originally scheduled to be sent. But President James Buchanan abruptly decided to establish the Grand Ronde Reservation as a second western Oregon reservation instead of an extension of Siletz. On a foreigner’s whim, the tribes became separate peoples. “Over the years, there’s been a lot of trauma and historical legal wrongs done to the tribes just falling out of that history,” said Kentta. Washines told HCN almost exactly the same thing. “They’re a sovereign, just like we are, and they have their reasons, at the tribal council level, to make decisions,” Washines said. “So it’s not for me to question.” Grand Ronde has begun demolition of the old paper mill. And whatever happens to the property, all the tribes can still reach the falls by boat for summer lamprey harvests. The trust is seeking new opportunities for public access, possibly on the other side of the river, where Portland General Electric operates a hydroelectric station alongside another, still-active paper mill. Washines says he looks forward to the day when he can go to Grand Ronde as a friend and “untangle these Christmas lights together.” At his suggestion, the board’s tribal leadership committee permanently reserved a seat on Willamette Falls Trust for Grand Ronde, should the tribe ever wish to return. “Yakama Nation will never say, ‘You don’t belong here.’”

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wát̓ uy náaptit (first, twenty)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


Confederated Umatilla Journal

ewspaper derated

Umatilla rvation


Section Section



APRIL 2021 Volume 29, Issue 4

JULY 2022 Volume 30, Issue 7

News & Sports

The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Pendleton, Oregon

Watchman named EOU lacrosse player of year By Sam McCloud of the CUJ

Kiana Watchman earned Lacrosse Player of the Year for Eastern Oregon University. Watchman plays mostly midfield and has a strong leadership role playing defense. “Midfield gave me the opportunity to play all over the field.” Watchman said. The midfielders are responsible for transitioning the ball from defense to attack and vice versa. Midfielders play on both the offensive and defensive ends and have to ability to score. Watchman started playing lacrosse her sophomore year of high school and after this season will be her seventh year playing. Watchman’s stats for the season include 7 games played, 10 goals scored, 7 ground ball pickups, and 6 caused turnovers. Watchman said, “Eastern Oregon The Mountie Awards were has given me countless opportunities in held at McKenzie Theater both my academic and athletic career. I where Kiana Watchman am honored to represent the school as well received her Lacrosse as the Eastern Oregon Women’s lacrosse Player of the Year plaque. Photo by Saydee Hedrick team. The game of lacrosse has changed my life and is truly the medicine game. So much thanks to my mom and dad as well as the rest of my family and community that supports me.” Watchman is a junior at Eastern Oregon University and is currently studying for her Communications Major with a minor in business. After she graduates Watchman plans to peruse a Masters in broadcasting and mass media studies.

Watchman looking to pass during EOU’s home-opener game against Willamette University Feb 19. The Mountaineers lost 17-6. This was the first official lacrosse game in EOU Women’s Lacrosse history. Photo by Alyson Yates

Lady Buckaroos softball team win championship

Pendleton High School Lady Buck’s softball team embrace after winning the 2022 OSAA 5A Softball State Championship June 4. CUJ photos by Dallas Dick

CTUIR Tribal Member Justin Quaempts was assistant coach to the girls JV softball team who won the state championship in Eugene against Wilsonville 2-0. Tribal Member Kierson Spencer played throughout 2022.


náptiyaw nápt (second, two)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

CTUIR’s George, Dick take 1st in Indian Golf tourney Megan George placed first with a low gross score of 151. George shot a double eagle (2 on par 5) on hole 13 in the Northwest Indian Memorial Golf Tournament held July 2-3 at Wildhorse Resort and Casino. George has been playing golf for about 7 years and in 2019 she was apart of the Pendleton High School girls golf team whom placed first as a team for the OSAA 5A Girls Golf Championships and placed second individually. George is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Nathan Dick took first with a low gross score of 138. Dick has been playing golf for 33 years. He started golfing at the age of 7 with his grandpa at the Echo Hills golf course. Dick said, “This tournament began with the idea of honoring all the golfers that have been lost over the years in the native golf community. It’s always fun to see everyone that comes to the tournament to honor the memories of those who passed on by sharing plenty of laughs and camaraderie on the course.” Dick works for the Pro Shop at the Wildhorse Golf Course and is an enrolled member of the CTUIR.

8th NW Indian Memorial Golf Tournament Results Championship Flight 1st Low Gross Nathan Dick Mission OR 138 2nd Low Gross Jayson Ray North Fork, CA 143 1st Low Net Donnie Bagley Jr Warm Springs OR 143 Tie 2nd Low Net Net Kellen Joseph Mission OR 146 Tie 2nd Low Net Net Josh Barkley Mission OR 146 Ladies Flight 1st Low Gross Megan George Mission OR 151 1st Low Net Marilyn Sheldon Tulalip Wa 143 2nd Low Net Laurie Ann Cloud Lapwai Id 144 Men's 1st Flight 1st Low Gross James Bobb Swinomish WA 160 2nd Low Gross Jamin Feist Penticton Canada 163 1st Low Net Nathan Harry Vancouver Island 136 2nd Low Net Terrell Domebo Spokane Wa 137 Tie 3rd Low Net Mike Bisbee Lapwai ID 138 Tie 3rd Low Net Ian Sam Vancouver Island 138 Senior Flight 1st Low Gross Shannon Wheeler Lapwai ID 149 2nd Low Gross John Barkley Pilot Rock OR 150 3rd Low Gross Zeke Domebo Clarkston WA 154 1st Low Net Gary Boyd Puyallip Wa 135 2nd Low Net Al Tovey Pendleton OR 139 3rd Low Net Owen Danzuka Warm Springs OR 140 Super Senior 1st Flight Tie 1st/2nd Low Gross Frank KnychiefWarm Springs OR Tie 1st/2nd Low Gross Tony WashinesToppenish WA 160 1st Low Net Jon Bergstrom Aberdeen WA 149 3 Way Tie 2nd Low Net JR Inglis Lapwai ID 153 3 Way Tie 2nd Low Net Martin John Lummi WA 153 3 Way Tie 2nd Low Net Alan Roberts Carson City NV Super Senior 2nd Flight 1st Low Gross Rich Wells Olympia WA 169 2nd Low Gross Terry Knapton Republic, WA 174 1st Low Net Chazz Webb Mission OR 144 2nd Low Net Burt Benado Puyallip WA 153



Pendleton Linebacker’s Club Hall of Fame Night August 12, 2022 ~ Pendleton Convention Center Cocktails/Dinner Buffet and Auction 5-7 p.m.

Introduction of Hall of Fame Inductees and Scholarship Winners 7 p.m. 2022 Inductees from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatillla Indian Reservation

Buck Jones

Julie Taylor

Ryan Sams

Other 2022 inductees: Miles Hancock ~ David Michael ~ Kathie Schubert Nooy ~ Harold Delamarter ~ Eric Holeman ~ Tim Cary ~ Dan Svetich ~ Mike Tague ~ Trevor Smith ~ Michael (Miki Derrick) Hull ~ Lee Temple ~ Kelly Patrick ~ KUMA (Ted Smith ~ Greg Smith) ~ 1969-1970 PHS Football Team For more information call Dean Fouquette at 541-310-9084

July 24 Happy Birthday Lilli Love, Auntie M

(second, three) náptiyaw mɨt́ aat

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


Treaty Day 3-on-3 big hit with youth

MISSION - First ever Treaty Day 3-on-3 Tournament was held on June 11 at the old Nixyaawii gym. There was 25 participants and all received award certificates for participation. Kelsey Burns and Lindsey Watchman assisted in refereeing and facilitating the event hosted by CTUIR General Council.

Team 2 placed first in the Treaty Day 3-on-3 tournament. Above are second place players, from left, Michael Moses, Baron Moses, Jubil Hoisington, Khimora Scott and Kash Brown. Team 6 includes, from left, Elliot Watchman, Lillian Watchman, Marcella Jack and Grace Moses-Watchman.

Michael Moses looks to drive as he goes past defender Ayden Star in the championship game of the Treaty Day 3-on-3 Tournament in Mission June 11.

Team 4 placed second, from left are players Ayden Star, Garian McDonald, Sophie Bronson and Zane Emry.

Scholarship helps Pasena-Littlesky go to Whitman By Annie Fowler, East Oregonian

HERMISTON — Whitman College wasn’t even on Lindsey Pasena-Littlesky’s radar when she and her mom, Michelle Pasena, attended the Plateau Long Tent event on the school’s Walla Walla campus in April. A chance meeting of a Whitman student and a professor led to an impromptu campus tour and a trip to the admissions office. Needless to say, Pasena-Littlesky will be attending Whitman in the fall, and will be part of the Blues’ women’s soccer program. “This has been a crazy, long journey,” the Hermiston senior said. “Throughout my senior year, I told myself I didn’t want to rank schools so I wouldn’t create an emotional attachment.” Pasena-Littlesky could pretty much get into any school she wanted to with a 3.8 GPA, but she also wanted to continue playing soccer. She had offers from schools as far away as Vermont, and from the local community colleges, but she needed somewhere that also met her academic needs. “I had to realize the location and my major,” she said. “This is the next part of my life. I had offers to play DI soccer, but I didn’t want my whole life to be soccer. At the DIII level, I can focus on soccer and school.” See Littlesky on page 13B

With plans to attend Stanford in the future and earn her law degree, Pasena-Littlesky will major in political science at Whitman with a focus on environmental law and psychology. “It was good to find a good liberal arts school that will build me academically and give me an opportunity to play soccer,” she said.

Scholarship bridges the gap A year at Whitman carries hefty tuition and fees — nearly $75,000 — but Pasena-Littlesky will have most of that covered with the Sinaata Scholarship, a pell grant and other scholarships. In recognition of the special relationship between Whitman College and the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla In-

dian Reservation, the Sinaata Scholarship is one of the most generous scholarships Whitman offers. It’s renewable for four years. After Pasena-Littlesky made her visit to the admissions office, admissions director Madison Hollenbeck let Blues soccer coach Michelle Voiland know that a potential player could be coming


4:00 - 5:00 pm | Ages 6 - 9

5:15 - 6:15 pm | Ages 10-13

More information contact Shayne at ShayneArndt@yellowhawk.org yellowhawk.org/events

6:30 - 7:30 pm | Ages 14-18


náptiyaw pínapt (second, four)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Washington State


fishing - hunting - gathering Did You Know

Retail goods and services directly used in tribal fishing, hunting, and gathering activities are not subject to sales tax. Location The exemption is only applicable for purchases made in the state of WASHINGTON. The exemption applies regardless of where delivery of the item or performance of the service occurs.

Find out More

Men’s health month softball nights big hit

In Washington state, certain federally-recognized tribes and their members have tribal fishing, hunting, and gathering rights. This includes: Fishing (including shellfish) Hunting (including trapping) Gathering Harvesting Processing Transporting Selling Management and enforcement Other related activities Neither the Department nor the state of Washington create any new rights, or expand, extend, affect, or enlarge the scope of any existing rights beyond the context of potential tax liability. The guidance provided here is limited to the sales tax exemption on sales involving goods and services directly used in tribal fishing, hunting and gathering activities.

The Tribes and Department of Revenue have created a non-exclusive list of qualifying goods and services to better assist in determining what may be exempt from sales tax. This list and additional information pertaining to the exemption can be found on the web at dor.wa.gov/TribalFishHuntGather.

Lynette Minthorn, staff member at Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center, hits the ball during Men’s Health Month softball prevention activity in June. CUJ photo by Aaron Worden


The Four Columbia River Tribes set the following fishery plan and the Columbia River Compact concurred: Zone 6 Commercial Gillnet Fishery Area: All of Zone 6 Dates/Times: 6 AM Monday, July 4 to 6 PM Friday, July 8 (4 nights) and 6 AM Monday, July 11 to 6 PM Friday, July 15 (4 nights) Gear: Set and Drift Gill nets with a 7” minimum mesh size restriction in the July 4-8 opening but no minimum mesh restriction in the July 11-15 opening. Allowable Sales: Salmon (any species), steelhead, shad, yellow perch, bass, walleye, catfish, and carp may be sold or retained for subsistence. Fish landed during the open periods are allowed to be sold after the period concludes. Sturgeon may not be sold, but sturgeon from 38 to 54 inches fork length in the Bonneville Pool and sturgeon from 43 to 54 inches fork length in The Dalles and John Day Pools may be kept for subsistence purposes. Closed Areas: River mouth and dam closed areas applicable to gillnets in effect. The Spring Creek Hatchery closed area is not in effect in the summer management period.

Happy Birthday Ganine Love, Princess Weetu’

The Zone 6 Platform and Hook and Line fishery regulations remain unchanged. Tributary Fisheries and Fisheries Downstream of Bonneville Dam Consult your Tribe’s Fishery Department for current regulations in these areas.


Note: This announcement is an informational document and does not constitute a fishery regulation. Individual tribes determine actual fishing regulations for their members. Copies of regulations are available from tribal fishery departments. ********************** Vaccines work and are safe. Get vaccinated to help protect you, your family and your tribal community. One Community Health is the tribal health partner in the Columbia Gorge. Call them at 541-386-6380 to schedule your free vaccination or call your tribal clinic to get it before heading to the river. If you have any fishing enforcement problems or need assistance or information, day or night, contact the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fisheries Enforcement Office, 4270 Westcliff Drive, Hood River, Oregon. Phone: (541)-386-6363 or toll-free (800)-487-FISH (3474). Show pride in your Tribe’s treaty rights by carrying your tribal ID. Please consult your tribal Fisheries Department for additional details on tribal regulations. PLEASE WEAR YOUR LIFE JACKETS FOR SAFETY and avoid overloading your boats.

Happy 20th Anniversary Gabriel & Tama Love, your Moses Family

(second, five) náptiyaw páx ̣at

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


How to Win Battles Over Water in the American West Tyler Kelley, Bloomberg News

(Bloomberg) -- For at least 60 years there were no salmon in the Umatilla River. The water that the fish needed was being drawn off by the US government and used to irrigate 45,000 acres of former desert. But the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla tribes, who lived beside the river, had not forgotten the fish that had sustained them for centuries. They wanted them back. A 1988 act of Congress returned some water to the river. Then, in 2004, the three tribes (legally organized as the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation) hired Joe Ely to help them get the rest. Ely, 64, is one of a handful of professional Indian water rights consultants and the only one who is himself an American Indian. “I’m going to try to obtain as much water as I can,” Ely tells his clients. “You’re going to have to deal with the conflict.” Ely learned all about conflict when he won water for his tribe, the Pyramid Lake Paiutes of Nevada. His brothers would act as bodyguards, escorting him from meetings. Now he works for other tribal nations trying to settle their water rights. “Settle” often means wresting water from White irrigators, but it also means satisfying enough stakeholders—states, cities, farmers, industry—that the majority sign on to

the deal voluntarily, or under the threat of litigation. As a conservative, an evangelical Christian, and an arch pragmatist, Ely is an outlier in Indian country. Although “water keepers” protesting the Dakota Access pipeline near the Standing Rock Reservation in 2016 received tremendous sympathy and attention, their goal, Ely points out, was negation. “Anybody can stop something,” he says. “It’s easy to stop something. It’s hard to start it and then keep it moving and get it done.” Of the hardline idealism that prevailed at Standing Rock, he says, “it sells well in Indian country, and people clap their hands, but it gets nothing done.” Ely gets things done. A decades-long, climate change-fueled mega-drought is parching the American West. Last summer the US government declared a water shortage on the Colorado River for the first time in history. Although the situation in the Colorado basin is painful, it is settled; water users know where they stand. In many river basins, however, this is not the case, especially when rivers run through American Indian reservations. Of 325 reservations in the US, only 38 have settled their water rights. No one knows how much water the remaining tribes are entitled to, but it’s a lot. Ely was on the Umatilla reservation in

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the same thing. Brigham remembers big family gatherings on tributaries of the Umatilla where, she says, “We used to catch enough fish to bring it home and eat for dinner.” But, from when Brigham was a young woman until she was a grandmother, the fish were gone. “It’s heartbreaking,” she says. “Kat and Eric and I can remember it, but our kids can’t, and they should be able to. And our grandkids can’t, and they should be able to,” says Ely. There are some salmon in the Umatilla now, but not in abundance—not fish you can eat, which is what the tribes’ settlement aims to achieve. According to Washat, the traditional religion of the Walla Walla, Cayuse, and Umatilla tribes, after the people were created, four things offered themselves for sustenance: fish, big game, roots, and berries. The natural world promised to take care of the people, and the people promised to take care of it. If they failed to reciprocate, the planet would become off kilter and eventually destroy itself in a ball of fire. During traditional meals, these “first foods” are bracketed with a serving of water, since nothing can survive without water. Quaempts grew up with the first See Water on page 6B



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eastern Oregon in March for a meeting with Westland Irrigation District, the last major holdout in the Confederated Tribes’ settlement. As one of the tribes’ negotiators, Ely was trying to obtain Westland’s storage rights in a reservoir called McKay. Of four major irrigation districts in the basin, three had already closed, or would soon close, deals with the tribes, which had a lot to offer them. Westland, the fourth, was different, mostly because the tribes didn’t have much to offer it. The night before their big meeting with Westland, Ely is dining at a Mexican restaurant in downtown Pendleton, Ore., with the other members of the Confederated Tribes’ water rights negotiating team: Dan Hester, the tribes’ attorney; Eric Quaempts, their natural resources director; and Kat Brigham, tribal chairwoman. Like Brigham and Quaempts, Ely’s tribe are inland fishermen who had lost their fish. At Pyramid Lake, the cui-ui (a kind of sucker fish) are coming back, thanks to the settlement Ely brokered when he was tribal chairman in the 1980s, but no one is permitted to catch them because cui-ui is an endangered species. Tribal members can eat only dead fish government scientists have harvested. “If you’re fishermen, you want to fish,” Ely says over a plate of chicken. Getting handed a dead fish isn’t


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Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

náptiyaw uylɨx́ s (second, six)


Continued from page 5B

foods, but it wasn’t until he was an adult working for the tribe’s Department of Natural Resources that he realized they could also serve as a practical guide to restoring the landscape. A river that supports salmon is ecologically healthy, as is a floodplain that supports elk; foothills that support Xaws (biscuitroot); and mountains full of huckleberries. When settlers came West, Quaempts explains, “they want to create order: straight lines, square lines, fences, irrigation ditches,” but there already was an order that just didn’t fit their value system. The water settlement is an attempt to assert the tribes’ values while not harming the European ones, which— having dominated the landscape for a century—are very difficult to undo. Overturning “long-term injustices” takes time, says Quaempts. “We’re losing our culture, our tradition, because some of these tributaries have no salmon,” says Brigham. The primacy of indigenous water rights is a direct result of the forced removal of American Indians to often barren Western lands or, more frequently, the restriction of those who were already there to small patches of their former homelands. After the federal government defeated and subjugated them, it made American Indians wards of the

state. In 1908 the US sued a man named Henry Winters on behalf of the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine tribes living on the Fort Belknap Reservation in Montana. It argued that, because Winters was irrigating land he owned upstream from the reservation, there wasn’t enough water left in the Milk River for the tribes’ crops and livestock. In Winters v. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that the tribes had seniority, because the 1888 statute creating their reservation predated Winters’ claim and implicitly reserved a right to water. The case set a precedent. Since reservations were often the first claims made on Western land, the Winters decision gave many tribes the most senior water rights of all. These rights do not expire if they aren’t used, as is the case with most state-granted water rights held by settlers. Yet these “Winters rights” remain theoretical until a tribe either sues to quantify them or settles with other water users in the basin. American Indian nations are as different from one another as nations on any other continent, and some have refused to quantify their water rights. Traditionalists don’t want to put a number on something that used to be entirely theirs. But few tribes can afford to extract and utilize their water without a settlement,

CTUIR Notice to Purchase In the Matter of the Estate of:

Naomi Janice Van Pelt

Probate No: T000166361

Identification No: 182U000920


UM 29 UM 72 505 505-A UM 50 UM 81 680 1152

Legal Description: Section/Township/Range

1 / 1S / 33E 4 / 1N / 33E 5 / 1N / 34E 9 / 2N / 33E 4 / 1N / 33E 19 / 1N / 33E 2 / 1N / 34E 24 / 1N / 33E

Aggregate Share:

1/36 7/864 1/24 1/24 487/3888 487/3888 487/3888 1/4

Equivalent Share Acres: (Share Acres : Total Acres)

1.11 : 40.00 0.65 : 80.00 1.67 : 40.00 1.58 : 37.85 10.02 : 80.00 19.13 : 152.69 10.43 : 83.23 20.00 : 80.00


Tribe: Nez Perce Fair Market Value:

$ 555.56 $ 1,438.08 $ 2,729.17 $ 5,337.50 $ 28,320.65 $ 33,543.88 $ 9,895.32 $ 10,000.00 $ 91,820.16

This publication is to serve as the Official CTUIR Notice of Option to Purchase for the above referenced estate - that the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (“CTUIR”) of Oregon will exercise its Option to Purchase under the authority of the CTUIR Inheritance Code* in any and all interest(s) of the above referenced trust or restricted allotments at fair market value pursuant to Section 1.05(C)(4).

CTUIR Inheritance Code Section 1.05(E) – Tribal Member Right to Purchase Eligibility Requirements: Any member of the Confederated Tribes owning an interest in a trust land parcel where the Confederated Tribes has filed a Notice of Purchase pursuant to Sections 1.05(D)(2), (3) and/or (5) of this code may purchase such lands in the place of the Confederated Tribes if: a. The member of the Confederated Tribes owns an interest in the subject trust parcel on the date of death of the decedent; b. The eligible member of the Confederated Tribes files his/her notice of intent to purchase the interest in the subject trust parcel with the Secretary of the Board of Trustees within 30 days after publication of the purchase by the Confederated Tribes in the Tribal newspaper; and c. The eligible member of the Confederated Tribes’ right to purchase under this subsection shall be subject to the requirements that the fair market value of the interest in trust lands as determined by the Secretary [of the Interior] must be paid as set forth in section 1.05(C)(4) of this code, and shall be subject to the rights of the surviving spouse and Indian lineal descendant set forth in section 1.05(C)(2), (3) and (7). d. The eligible member of the Confederated Tribes deposits payment in the amount equal to the fair market value of the subject trust parcel, of interest therein, with the BIA Umatilla Agency Superintendent which payment shall be accompanied by the identification of the decedent, the probate case number and trust parcel in question. The eligible member must make the full payment for the subject trust parcel, or interest therein, within 60 days of filing its notice of intent to purchase. In such an event, the eligible member shall be authorized to acquire the interest in the subject parcel in the place of the Confederated Tribes.

Please contact the CTUIR Land Acquisition Program at (541) 429-7485 if you have any questions, concerns, and/or to request a copy of the Inheritance Code. * The CTUIR Inheritance Code was approved by the Board of Trustees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) per Resolution No. 08-028 (April 7, 2008) and approved by the Secretary of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs on May 16, 2008 (effective 180 after approval = November 12, 2008) in accordance with the Indian Land Consolidation Act, [P.L. 97-459, 25 U.S.C. Ch. 24 §2201-2221].

and unquantified rights are difficult to defend in court. The Klamath Tribes of southern Oregon almost had a settlement in 2015 but it fell apart. Now everyone is suing everyone else. Irrigators’ water supplies are being turned off, the fish are still dying, and no one is happy. Contrast this with the recent $1.9 billion settlement dealing with water rights on the Flathead Reservation in western Montana, or the 1985 settlement that gave the Assiniboine and Sioux of the Fort Peck Reservation in northeast Montana rights to twice as much water as Los Angeles uses in a year. As is often the case, much of the water claimed by the Umatilla tribes is being used by irrigators—farmers whose crops aren’t watered by rain. Early versions of the settlement were simple: Give the irrigators a different water source; switch them from the Umatilla River to the Columbia, only 10 miles away. This works for the three districts that lie between the Umatilla and Columbia rivers, but piping a lot of water to Westland, on the other side of the Umatilla, was too expensive. The tribes have given up on Westland’s river rights, and Ely is trying instead to acquire their right to water stored in McKay Reservoir on a tributary of the Umatilla. He is offering a smaller Columbia River pipeline in trade. Is that a fair deal? Curtis Engbretson, Westland’s new general manager, hasn’t decided yet. Engbretson oversees a vast network of ditches that feed hundreds of center pivots, self-driving spray rigs that make the irrigated West—when seen from above—into a grid of green circles. Farmers around here grow food that Americans eat every day, such as watermelons, onions, and potatoes, as well as grass seed, sod, and cattle. In midMarch, most of Westland’s 14,700 acres were green with sprouts or brown with planting. Each acre can generate about $5,000, making Westland worth perhaps $73.5 million annually. All this revenue is generated by water that once flowed down the Umatilla River. When he was first getting to know Ely, Engbretson said to him, “Just give us all of our water from the Columbia and we’ll sign right now.” Ely laughed and said he couldn’t do that, but if Westland wanted to fight for it, the tribe could sue and shut the river down. Engbretson was taken aback. For months the two sides butted heads, he says, but lately the posturing has fallen away and both sides say they’re making progress. “In a Zoom meeting, some people act tougher than others. Some talk the talk, and some stand off and don’t want to say anything, but in person you’re face to face. You can’t shut your screen off and hide your face and act tough,” says Engbretson, who met the tribal negotiating team in person for the first time in March. “They want to protect their fish, which we understand,” he says, “but they’re also understanding that we still have an obligation to deliver water.” It’s hard for farmers to fathom why anyone would take water that could grow millions of dollars-worth of food and just let it flow out to sea. A common refrain around the district is “fish are ruining

irrigation,” says Engbretson, but people are slowly learning that the tribes are “not trying to take your water, they just want to have the equal rights you have.” Average annual rainfall here is eight to 10 inches. Six months can pass without a drop, and crops start to die after three days without water. In two of the past 10 years, Engbretson’s district has had to stop providing water early because the river was low and it had used up its reservoir rights. Irrigating until October instead of August can be the difference between planting potatoes and planting wheat, between turning a profit and breaking even. The tribes have agreed to use those two dry years—some of the driest ever recorded, comparable to the 1930s Dust Bowl—as a benchmark for the settlement. Under a worst-case scenario, farmers hope to still get three-quarters of a season, but the tribes’ in-stream rights would have priority. In extremis, the fish would win. Whatever is given or taken, lost or won in these negotiations, will be permanent. “Once we settle,” explains Quaempts, “we’re waiving our claims to any more water rights in the Umatilla basin forever. We’ll never come back and seek more water.” Even once they’ve agreed on terms, the challenge for the irrigation districts and the tribes will be to sell the deal to their constituents. The tribes will have to explain why they don’t have rights to the entire Umatilla River or all of McKay Reservoir. Engbretson will have to explain why the Columbia River pipeline isn’t bigger, and why he gave away as much of McKay as he did. The managers of the other irrigation districts will have to explain why they traded water rights from the early 1900s on the Umatilla for ones from the 1990s on the Columbia. (Answer: Columbia River water is much more abundant.) When it comes to the changing climate, “everybody’s worried,” says Ely. Scott Oviatt measures snowpack in the Oregon mountains for the Natural Resources Conservation Service, which issues quarterly water supply forecasts that farmers rely on. “It’s really tough to make assumptions and try to plan infrastructure—or plan anything,” he says. The NRCS bases its forecasts on the previous 30 years of snow and rainfall data, but now, “we just can’t find those simple relationships anymore.” The past can no longer be used to predict the future. It’s not just drought: Warmer temperatures turn snow to rain, leading to more flooding and extreme rainfall at unusual times. The only thing water managers can do is plan for the high highs and the low lows. Variability aside, “What if you had climate change and no water right?” asks Quaempts. “If things do change, you’re better off with a water right.” And the settlement isn’t just about fish, it also provides ample water for municipal, industrial, and residential uses, as well as irrigation—ideally enough to power the reservation’s economy for the next century. Ely isn’t worried about droughts, mega- or otherwise. “There’s enough waContinued on next page

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Continued from previous page

ter,” he says. “There’s not enough cheap water.” The federal government built dams and delivery systems to store and move water a century ago, and it could build more if it wanted to. “In the West, we fight over cheap water,” he says. Nevada’s Pyramid Lake was the victim of one such cheap water project. In 1905 the United States Reclamation Service began diverting a portion of the Truckee River away from the lake and out into the desert. The Reclamation Service included Paiute lands in the irrigation project, but disregarded the ecology of the lake. Like the Great Salt Lake and the Dead Sea, Pyramid Lake is a hydrological dead end. Cui-ui and Lahontan cutthroat trout evolved, similar to salmon, to live in the salty waters of the lake and spawn in the fresh waters of the Truckee River. Once the diversion began, the lake level fell by 80 feet, and both fish—onetime Paiute food staples— neared extinction. In the mid-1980s, Ely, his wife Lu, and their two sons moved back to the Pyramid Lake reservation. Ely had been working as a cowboy in a place called Paradise Valley, but he couldn’t make a living buckarooing on the reservation and took on work for the tribe writing a Paiute language dictionary. Within two years, Ely, then a 27-year-old high school dropout, had become tribal chairman

and was facing down some of the most powerful politicians in the West in a fight for the tribe’s water. Ely’s tribe suffered a resounding initial defeat in the Supreme Court, which ruled that, because of a prior decree, the Paiutes had no in-stream water rights. Ely regrouped to pursue an Endangered Species Act suit on behalf of the cui-ui. That case went to the Supreme Court, too, but the Paiutes won: Stampede Reservoir was supposed to provide Reno and Sparks with a water supply in times of drought, but suddenly it was set aside for fish. The cities couldn’t grow without Stampede, so they called Ely in hopes of settling, as did Sierra Pacific Power. With the help of then-Senator Harry Reid (D.Nev.), Ely forged a $65 million settlement that brought the Truckee River and the cui-ui back to Pyramid Lake. And the irrigators? “We hammered them,” says Ely. As he tells it, the Truckee-Carson Irrigation District walked out of negotiations. “That’s a Harry Reid lie!” fumes Ernie Schank, 72, who participated in the negotiations as a member of the irrigation district’s board, and later became its president. He insists that the district was shut out of the talks. Schank’s Mormon forbearers and thousands of others came here because water had been guaranteed, he says, but when it approved Ely’s settlement, the government broke that promise. Schank’s irrigation district lost a third of its water. Passing Kelly

(second, seven) náptiyaw uynápt green alfalfa fields watered with last year’s Sierra Nevada snowpack, Schank drives his big white pickup past farmland that, stripped of its water rights, had reverted to gray desert spotted with alkali weed. “It turns your stomach,” he says. In 1994, Schank told an oral historian that, “Personally, I cannot understand how a sucker fish can take precedence over human beings, families.” Shortly after his victory at Pyramid Lake, Ely was termlimited as chairman. He moved to Arizona to work for Stetson Engineers, the company that had provided the science for the Paiute case. Ely went on to win water rights for the Duck Valley Shoshone. He’s now working on settlements for the Coeur d’Alene Tribe, the Osage Nation, and the Round Valley Indian Tribes. Three days after the March meeting with Westland, Eric Quaempts took some elk burgers out of the freezer, then walked up Meacham Creek. It was springlike and overcast, though snow still lay in the high hollows of the Blue Mountains. After $2 million and twelve years, the creek looked remarkably natural. The tribes had completely remade it, excavating a new bed for the stream, turning a creek that had been straightened by the railroad back into the meandering brook it had been in the 1930s. Quaempts, who lives a few dozen feet from the creek in the house of his father and grandfather, doesn’t like the word “sustainability” beloved by Anglo-envi-


ronmentalists. He prefers “reciprocity.” As in the Washat creation story, the tribes want relationships that work both ways: A healthy landscape gives, providing food. Their 1855 treaty is one of only 17 in the Pacific Northwest that codifies a right to “hunt, fish, and gather” on land beyond their reservation boundaries. The Umatilla tribes have claims in eight river basins, says Brigham. They are already monitoring huckleberries on federal land, and recently built a fish hatchery off the reservation on the Walla Walla River. Only one other tribe has, to date, secured a legal right to off-reservation water for their fishery, but Quaempts calls the Walla Walla “ripe for litigation.” It is over-appropriated, without reservoirs, and there’s no Columbia River to bail out the irrigators. With conflict inevitable, the Confederated Tribes are in a good position to claim water and send it down the river for the fish. Without water, Quaempts says, everything the tribes are working on—restoring the ecology, their traditions, the first foods—“it just falls apart.”

Nominate a Tribal artist, or submit your own work! To submit your artwork for theme consideration, email us at CUJ@ CTUIR.org.


August 11th 4pm-7pm BBQ ~ Games ~ Raffle Prizes Fun for Everyone To Volunteer or Donate Call Housing Department 541-429-7920


náptiyaw uymɨt́ at (second, eight)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

TERO, PNCI Team Up for Carpentry Training learn faster.” One particular trainee stood out, according to The Pacific Northwest Carpenter’s Institute McCoy. “Sharon Johnson used her life experiences (PNCI) conducted a pre-apprenticeship carpen- to graduate as one of the top students in the class try training program in May on the Umatilla and was accepted into the apprentices soon after Indian Reservation. PNCI teamed up with Tribal completing the class. I am excited about all the Employment Rights Office (TERO) to host this opportunities she will have going forward as a training Union Carpenter Apprentice.” Four CTUIR tribal members completed the Sharon is a single mother of two and is now course: Andrew Williams, Angela Heay, Sharon looking to be dispatched to a TERO project with Johnson and Shayrena Johnson. The course in- a contractor who is signatory to the carpenters volved 6 days of virtual union so she can begin to training and 9 days of accrue her apprenticeship hands-on training. hours. PNCI received a grant The trainees are ento take its training ‘on the couraged to consider joinroad’ and have conducted ing the carpenters union the same training in Medbecause of the wages ford, Oregon and currently paid, they offer the best in Prineville, Oregon. Betraining available, and the fore the pandemic, TERO excellent benefits (short sent four tribal members to and long term) derived the PNCI training center in from being a union memPortland. ber, such as retirement. “I want to thank the To be eligible for joinPNCI and its trainers for ing a building trade union bringing this training to you must: be at least 18 Eastern Oregon and espeyears old; GED or high cially working with CTUIR school diploma; driver’s TERO to make it happen,” license and pass a drug said John Barkley, TERO test. Program Manager. “Before TERO is looking for this training most of them young tribal members could not read a tape meainterested in construcsure and now they can do Above carpentry trainee, through the TERO Program, tion work and good pay. Sharon Johnson carries out her next task. that and much more.” TERO needs laborers, opHe added: “This trainerators, flaggers, concrete ing serves as an impetus to inspire our young finishers and others in four tribal construction tribal members of the viable careers in construc- projects and eight projects with the Oregon Detion where they make prevailing wages to support partment of Transportation (ODOT). themselves, their families and communities.” TERO provides assistance to eligible TERO Amber McCoy, PNCI training instructor, said clients. If it’s time to build on your future, please there “was a great mix of people with different contact TERO at 541-429-7506 or at TEROStaff@ exposure levels to constructions” which “they ctuir.org. used to connect the material and help each other Story contributed by TERO Program

Chervenell Superintendent on the Wildhorse Casino Back-of-House project explains construction to the pre-apprenticeship carpenter’s trainees on May 26.

PNCI instructor Miguel Montano, Jose Castillo, Sharon Johnson, Angela Heay, Gabriel Rodriguez, Andrew Williams, Shayrena Johnson, Elizabeth Marquez, and PNCI Instructor Amber McCoy.

Chelsey Minthorn chelseyminthorn@yellowhawk.org 541.240.8443

JOIN US Diabetes Support Group Nixyaawii Senior Center Thursday, July 21, 2022 10:30 - 11:30 am

Gain support, share knowledge, and learn about different diabetes topics.

(second, nine) náptiyaw k̓úyc

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal



To better inform our clients who have received a DUII, we have provided some information that may be helpful as you consider how to access DUII Services at Yellowhawk.

DUII was on the reservation

DUII was off the reservation

Complete Yellowhawk Behavioral Health Referral Form or call Behavioral Health for DUII Services 541.240.8670. You will be assigned to a Chemical Dependency Counselor. Complete at Intake: Intake Forms Packet Submit Baseline UA ASAM Assessment Treatment Plan You will be required to: Attend weekly DUII Groups, and/or other groups Participate in individual sessions Participate in consecutive days of demonstrated abstinence via random urinalysis Participate in Victim’s Impact Panel Complete Relapse Prevention Plan Complete Personal Change Plan Complete OHA Pre & Post Test for DUII Education Curriculum. Regarding your compliance in DUII Services, your counselor will send a monthly status report to Courts, Probation, etc.

Complete an ADSS evaluation with Janice Schreiner at Eastern Oregon Alcohol Foundation, evaluation gets sent to Yellowhawk Chemical Dependency. Complete Yellowhawk Behavioral Health Referral Form or call Behavioral Health for DUII Services 541.240.8670. You will be assigned to a Chemical Dependency Counselor. Complete at Intake: Intake Forms Packet Submit Baseline UA ASAM Assessment Treatment Plan You will be required to: Attend weekly DUII Groups, and/or other groups Participate in individual sessions Participate in consecutive days of demonstrated abstinence via random urinalysis Participate in Victim’s Impact Panel Complete Relapse Prevention Plan Complete Personal Change Plan Complete OHA Pre & Post Test for DUII Education Curriculum Regarding your compliance in DUII Services, your counselor will send a monthly status report to ADSS Evaluator, Courts, Probation, etc.

You will achieve a Completion Certificate by Yellowhawk and Clinical recommendations for aftercare, as applicable.

You will achieve a Completion Certificate by Yellowhawk, DMV Completion Certificate, and Clinical recommendations for aftercare, as applicable.

Behavioral Health Department 541.240.8670

HIV isn’t just a big city issue. More than half of Oregonians with HIV live outside of Portland, often in suburbs and small towns like this one. Good neighbors chip in to get the job done. And we’ve got work to do on HIV prevention. People in rural Oregon are more likely to get a late-stage diagnosis, and a lack of HIV treatment may harm your health, or your partner’s. Detected early, HIV is more easily managed and you can live a long, healthy life. Getting tested is a sign of strength, not weakness. Learn more and find free testing at endhivoregon.org


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

náptiyaw pútɨmt (second, ten)

CTUIR College graduates ready to take next steps Jory Spencer

Kristi Miller

Master of Education in Early Associate of Arts Oregon Transfer Intervention/Early Childhood Special Degree Education Blue Mountain Community College University of Oregon

Kathryn Burke

Master of Legal Studies, Corporate Compliance & Risk Management Seattle University School of Law

Jerad Croswell

Doctor of Optometry Pacific University

Melissa VanPelt

Bachelor of Arts, Sociology, Cum Laude Oregon State University

Makiesha Vanpelt

Associate of Early Childhood Education Blue Mountain Community College

Erica Alvarez

Associate of Arts Washington Transfer Degree Yakima Valley College

Jane Campbell

Master of Arts, Mathematics Education - Secondary Western Governors University

Alex Nilo

Bachelors in Education, Major in Family and Human Services and Minor in Legal Studies University of Oregon

Lyndsi Lewis

Bachelor of Environmental Science, Environmental Water Resources Oregon State

TAMÁSTSLIKT CULTURAL INSTITUTE | EAT. SHOP. EXPLORE. | JULY 2022 Museum at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute

Sorting Out Race

Every day thrift stores across America receive donations of objects that display racial imagery— antique advertising cards, vintage children’s books, and mugs with sports team mascots. Modular cases and pegboard walls hold over 100 thrift store donations that lead to key questions. What is race and how is racial identity shaped? What is a stereotype and what is a racial stereotype? What is racism and how do racial stereotypes perpetuate systems of dominance and privilege? Don't miss this thought-provoking exhibit! The Museum Store

FREE BOOK: Healing the Big River: Salmon Dreams and the Columbia River Treaty Receive this free book with any purchase of $50 or more. Healing The Big River masterfully combines the art of visual storytelling with passionate essays. From the source, a tiny spring in the Canadian Rockies, to the sea, readers are guided on a journey back to the origins of the 1243 mile river and learn about the complicated history and impact of the Columbia River Treaty. Besides this great book ($30 value), you'll find plenty of unique items in the Museum Store for gifts, as a souvenir of your visit, or to treat yourself. Your FREE book offer is only good through July!

FREE First Friday! July 1 10am-5pm FREE admission all day at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute. Enjoy Indian Tacos ($10.50) and Frybread ($5) at Kinship Café. Dine inside, on the patio, or order take-out. Shop in the Museum Store and get a FREE book for any purchase over $50. View our newest exhibit, Sorting Out Race!

Exhibits and Museum Store Open Tues-Sat, 10am-5pm Kinship Café Open Tues-Sat, 11am-2pm

Pendleton, OR | www.tamastslikt.org | 541.429.7700 9.8” x 9”

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

(second, eleven) náptiyaw pútɨmt ku náx ̣š

Little grads take the stage


Cay-Uma-Wa Head Start graduation ceremony was held at Wildhorse Resort & Casino June 24. Above students Zoey Pabon, left, and River Brom, right, hold their certificates.

Above Cay-Uma-Wa graduates Christopher Selam, left, and Jevon Thompson, right, show off their graduation certificates.




10K | 8 AM 5K | 8:30 AM 1M | 8:30 AM




náptiyaw pútɨmt ku nápt (second, twelve)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Congratulations to our June Employees of the Month!


1 1/2 cup strawberries or raspberries (fresh or frozen) 1 1/2 cups blueberries (fresh or frozen) 1 cup plain or vanilla yogurt (greek or regular) 2 tablespoon honey, agave or pure maple syrup - divided (optional)


1. Puree red berries with 1 Tbsp. sweetener. Use food processor or blender to puree or mash with fork or potato masher to smooth consistency. 2. Divide raspberry puree into popsicle molds - about 2-3 Tablespoons per popsicle. 3. Next layer yogurt in the popsicle molds - about 2-3 Tablespoons per popsicle. 4. Mash or blend blueberries along with 1 Tablepoon sweetener into a puree and add to the popsicle molds - about 2-3 Tablespoons in each popsicle. 5. Add popsicle sticks (or place in freezer for about 1 hour to set slightly to ensure the popsicle stick will remain upright.) 6. Freeze until completely solid.

Notes: Fruit is naturally sweet. Adding sweetener is optional. Honey is not recommended for children under 1 year old due to risk of botulism Paper cups make great popsicle molds.

Makes 6 servings

Ron Smith

Megan Lauer

Billie Dickson

Delivery Manager Government Team

Business Development Operations Specialist Commercial Team

Human Resources Director Support Team



For nutrition questions or additional recipe ideas, please contact Dusty Dressler, RDN DustyDressler@yellowhawk.org 541.240.8524


Call now to sign up & get scheduled to pick up your coupons. If you already receive WIC services, ensure your certification is up-to-date with our staff.

Contact Alisa Portley-White 541.240.8521

You may qualify for WIC services if you are a pregnant, postpartum or breastfeeding woman or have a child under 5 years old.

The CTUIR Veterans Service office would like to get as much information as possible to help our veterans get their documents for them in an effort to ensure we have all the correct information in our database that we use.

The Voices and Perspectives of the Tribal Community, What We Know About Sexual Violence - Strategic Planning Sessions -

July 15-16, 2022 8:30 am to 5:00 pm Nixyaawii Governance Center ConfRm-NGC-L102A-Cayuse and Umatilla As you know, we completed a year and a half survey with community members and tribal employees. We provided findings at our November 19, 2022, event at Wildhorse Resort & Casino.

Upcoming Events July 13 2022 we would like to host a meeting of the community veterans. We would like to meet in the Winaha And Qapqapa room on the Second floor south east corner. Meeting will start at 1:00pm—3:00 pm

On April 19, 2022, we held a one-day strategic planning with systems and developed an initial goals and objectives document. Please join us as we plan our next steps in addressing the improvement of systems that serve those impacted by sexual violence. For more information, contact Desireé Coyote at DesireeCoyote@ctuir.org, 541-429-7415 or CTUIR, Family Violence Services, 46411 Timine Way, Pendleton, OR 97801

(second, thirteen) náptiyaw pútɨmt ku mɨt́ aat

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal



Continued from page 3B

to school. “I contacted Lindsey and we had a Zoom call and began our connection,” Voiland said. “It was quite serendipitous. I am excited to have Lindsey joining our program. She brings such incredible energy. Lindsey is an incredible student and person and will fit in really well with the positive culture of our team and the fun, collaborative energy on the Whitman campus.” Pasena-Littlesky said she felt a connection with Voiland from the start. “I love Michelle,” she said. “She was a goalkeeper and coached at Oregon State. She gave me a tour of their athletic facilPasena-Littlesky ities, they are really nice.” Whitman is the real winner The Blues are getting a talented goalkeeper in Pasena-Littlesky, who is a three-time Goalie of the Year — twice with Pendleton in the Intermountain Conference, and this past fall with Hermiston in the Mid-Columbia Conference. During her senior season with the Bulldogs, she allowed an average of .80

goals a game. Pasena-Littlesky also helped lead her Three Rivers Soccer Club team to the Washington state title two weeks ago with a 4-0 win over the Washington Rush. “The Loverchecks (Reilly and Kelsey from Pendleton) play on that team too,” she said. “It helped build a lot of new skills. It’s a good team with good communication. It’s a different environment. It prepared me for this fall.” The Blues play at the NCAA Division III level in the Northwest This is the next part of my Conference. The women’s life. I had offers soccer team 2-15to play DI soc- finished 2 overall last cer, but I didn’t s e a s o n , b u t doesn’t want my whole that concern Paselife to be soccer, na-Littlesky. -Pasena-Littlesky “That has been my calling,” she said of playing on teams that are in a rebuilding mode. “Playing at PHS and going to Hermiston, I don’t care about rankings or titles, I just want to play and get in the box and protect my team as much as I can when the season comes.” The Blue have three goalies on their roster, but Pasena-Littlesky is willing to battle for playing time. “I did ask if I would get to see playing

Hermiston goalie Lindsey Pasena-Littlesky grabs a Hanford shot on goal during a soccer game Sept. 4, 2021, at Kennison Field. Pasena-Littlesky will continue her soccer career in the fall of 2022 at Whitman College, Walla Walla. Courtesy photo by Kathy Aney/East Oregonian

time,” she said. “It’s a great factor to have those three keepers. I have them to give me those insights on soccer and college. I am so ready for this season.” While Voiland has a good stable of goalies, she’s impressed with what Pasena-Littlesky brings to the pitch. “I do have three goalkeepers who will all be juniors this fall, so they have an edge when it comes to college experience,” Voiland said. “Lindsey is coming off a fabulous high school and club career. She is a young goalkeeper with an outstanding work ethic and drive. I see Lindsey adding to the competitive spirit of our goalkeeper crew. I am excited to see how Lindsey grows, especially with

additional specialized goalkeeper training. She has all the tools physically and mentally to be an outstanding goalkeeper here at Whitman.” While Pasena-Littlesky has committed to the soccer team, she also enjoys basketball, a sport she has played since grade school. “I will never forget my senior basketball season,” she said of the Bulldogs making it to the 3A state Elite 8. “The girls were so cool. I have never had that long of a season before. To go to the Elite 8 was so cool. We had good energy and we built each other up. I remember getting to the Tacoma Dome. It was insane, and the student fans were awesome.”

Proposed CTUIR 2022-2023 Tribal Treaty Hunting Seasons and Bag Limits For Big Game and Upland Game Birds Yáamaš (MULE DEER)

Excluding Starkey Experimental forest, Mill Creek Watershed limited entry hunts Season: August 1 – December 31, 2022 Bag Limit: Bucks and Does


Season: Year round

Birthdays: 8th: Sherry Saunders and Jalissa Dave 9th: Tabatha Brigham, Jr. Bronson, Isaac Van Pelt, Zelda Bronson, Ramon Nunez and Hazel Quaempts 11th: Freeman Barrett 12th: Kendal Thompson-Red Elk 13th: Roger Barrett 17th: DJ Gonzalez and Skyler Price 20th: Cassandra Franklin, Jalen Kash Kash and Kaylee Barrett 21st: Osias Edmiston

22nd: Sarah Frater 24th: Jayden Minthorn 27th: DQ, Sr. and Breyon Minthorn 28th: Dakota McLaughlin 29th: Sherry Barrett Anderson Anniversaries: 7th: Raymond & Bonnie Harrison 16th: Tracy & Valentin Viegener 20th: Terrie Brigham Price & Sheldon Price 26th: Cheryl & Gene Shippentower

Bag Limit: Bucks and Does



Excluding Starkey Experimental forest, Mill Creek Watershed limited entry hunts Season: August 1 - August 31, 2022 Bag Limit: Any Elk Season: September 1-30, 2022 Bag Limit: Closed to Branch Antlered Bull Rifle Hunting. Only spike bulls and antlerless elk can be hunted with rifle. Archery hunting of any elk permitted. Season: Oct. 1,- Nov. 30, 2022 Bag Limit: Any Elk Season: December 1 – December 31, 2022 Bag Limit: Closed to Branch Antlered Bull Hunting. Antlerless or Spike Bulls Only


Season: August 1 – December 31, 2022 Bucks and Does Šašík (MOOSE) NOTE: Season pending final approval of Fish and Wildlife Commission after 30 day review period Season: August 1 – December 31, 2022 Bag Limit: One Bull Moose per year Closed to cow and calf hunting. Kill report required within 72 hours of harvest. Closed in the Blue Mountains of Oregon and Washington in support of establishment of viable populations


Elkhorn Wenaha Potamus Lookout Mountain Burnt River Wenaha Montana Montana

Season: August 1-November 30, 2022 Season: September 1-November 30, 2022

Bag Limit: One Billy NOTE: Pre-hunt orientation required. Contact Wildlife Program to schedule orientation session. Kill report required within 72 hours of harvest.

Season: August 1 December 31, 2022 Closed due to disease outbreak Closed due to disease outbreak CTUIR will have 1 tag in 2023

Bag Limit: One Ram with special tag only.

Season: December 1, 2022– February 28, 2023 Season: March 1- 31 2023

Bag Limit: Any bison Special tags and pre-hunt orientation required. See synopsis for details Bulls only


See synopsis for application and tag drawing details.

Qoq̓áalx̣ (BISON)


Bag Limit: No spotted kittens or females with spotted kittens. Kill report required within 72 hours of harvest.

Season: Open Year Round

Bag Limit: No sows with cubs less than one year old. Kill report required within 72 hours of harvest.





Custom Framing Studio and Fine Art Gallery


Season: Open Year Round



Season: August 1 – December 31, 2022 Season: Open Year Round

Either Sex


Migratory game bird seasons set nation-wide based on Federal Framework, see individual state regulations for specific seasons and bag limits for area where you are hunting. NOTE: Unless otherwise stated in the regulations table, no limit to the number of animals that may be harvested. Wasting wildlife is illegal. Prudent

conservation of the resources is the responsibility of each hunter. Failure to adhere to kill reporting deadlines and/or data collection requirements of any Tribal regulated hunt permit will result in the applicant being ineligible to apply for any CTUIR regulated hunt permit for the following 4 years.


náptiyaw pútɨmt ku pínapt (second, fourteen)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Board of Trustee Minutes Date: June 13, 2022 BOT PRESENT: Kat Brigham, BOT Chair; Sally Kosey, Secretary;Toby Patrick, Member; Boots Pond, Member; Corinne Sams, Member and Lindsey Watchman, General Council Chairman. Aaron Ashley, Vice-Chair and Sandra Sampson, Treasurer both on travel. Lisa Ganuelas, BOT Member on personal leave. Old Business: Official Polled BOT Action: No. 22-043 Subject: Office of Legal Counsel PGE Court Case. MOTION: Corinne Sams moves to ratify Official Polled Action No. 22-043. Boots Pond seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0.No. 22-044 Subject: Murry-Inslee Report on Lower Snake River Dams. MOTION: Corinne Sams moves to ratify Official Polled Action No. 22-044. Toby Patrick seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. New Business: Proposed Resolutions: Next resolution number is 22-049: None. Other Board Action Items: None. BOT Travel or External Meeting Reports: Toby Patrick, 6/2-3 for Special Luncheon at Portland Art Museum to support Alaska Natives on return of an elder and Whale Hat. Sandra Sampson has two reports that were deferred to next BOT Meeting. MOTION: Toby

Patrick moves to approve Toby Patrick’s travel report and defer Sandra Sampson’s report Sally Kosey seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. BOT Leave and Travel or Outside Meeting Requests: Polled Requests: Corinne Sams, travel to Portland 6/1314 to attend Accords meeting. Kat Brigham, travel to Portland 6/13-14 to attend Accords meeting. Kat Brigham, Zoom meeting on 6/9 on White House discussion on salmon funds. Sally Kosey, 6/6 personal leave from 2 to 4 PM. Regular Requests: Kat Brigham, travel 7/6-8 to Salem for 9 OR Tribes meeting. Kat Brigham, travel 8/8 on CTUIR Umatilla Basin Water Rights Settlement tour. Lisa Ganuelas, travel 7/17-21 to Redwood Falls, MN to attend Regenerative Farming and Ranching by the Soil Health Academy. Sally Kosey, personal leave on 6/13 from 1 to 4 PM. Sally Kosey, personal leave on 6/26 from 8 to 9 AM. Sally Kosey, travel 7/19 top Portland for CTNAC site visit and monthly meeting. Toby Patrick, travel 6/15 to West Linn to attend WFLC and WFCA Gathering. Toby Patrick, travel 6/23 to Portland for EcoTrust event honoring Antone Minthorn. MOTION: Corinne

Sams moves to ratify and approve 12 leave requests. Boots Pond seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. Date: June 13, 2022 BOT PRESENT: Kat Brigham, BOT Chair; Sally Kosey, Secretary; Toby Patrick, Member; Boots Pond, Member; Corinne Sams, Member and Lindsey Watchman, General Council Chairman. Aaron Ashley, Vice-Chair and Sandra Sampson, Treasurer both on travel. Lisa Ganuelas, BOT Member on personal leave. Old Business: Official Polled BOT Action: No. 22-043 Subject: Office of Legal Counsel PGE Court Case. MOTION: Corinne Sams moves to ratify Official Polled Action No. 22-043. Boots Pond seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. No. 22-044 Subject: Murry-Inslee Report on Lower Snake River Dams. MOTION: Corinne Sams moves to ratify Official Polled Action No. 22-044. Toby Patrick seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. New Business: Proposed Resolutions: Next resolution number is 22049: None. Other Board Action Items: None. BOT Travel or External Meeting Reports: Toby Patrick, 6/2-3 for Special

Luncheon at Portland Art Museum to support Alaska Natives on return of an elder and Whale Hat. Sandra Sampson has two reports that were deferred to next BOT Meeting. MOTION: Toby Patrick moves to approve Toby Patrick’s travel report and defer Sandra Sampson’s report Sally Kosey seconds. Discussion. Question. Motion carries 5-0-0. BOT Leave and Travel or Outside Meeting Requests: Polled Requests: Corinne Sams, travel to Portland 6/1314 to attend Accords meeting. Kat Brigham, travel to Portland 6/13-14 to attend Accords meeting. Kat Brigham, Zoom meeting on 6/9 on White House discussion on salmon funds. Sally Kosey, 6/6 personal leave from 2 to 4 PM. Regular Requests: Kat Brigham, travel 7/6-8 to Salem for 9 OR Tribes meeting. Kat Brigham, travel 8/8 on CTUIR Umatilla Basin Water Rights Settlement tour. Lisa Ganuelas, travel 7/17-21 to Redwood Falls, MN to attend Regenerative Farming and Ranching by the Soil Health Academy. Sally Kosey, personal leave on 6/13 from 1 to 4 PM. Sally Kosey, personal leave on 6/26 from 8 to 9 AM. Sally Kosey, travel 7/19 top Portland for CTNAC site visit and monthly






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July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

(second, fifteen) náptiyaw pútɨmt ku páx ̣at


Board tours Wanaket A June 7 Board of Trustees tour of the Tribes’ Wanaket property was led by Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Wildlife Manager Andrew Wildbill. At right, Board members hear information on water systems on and near the UIR. Photos by Kaeleen McGuire

Shop at Arrowhead and Enter to Win a Members of the CTUIR Board of Trustees toured Wanaket and Wanapa properties focusing on water systems related to AWS and the City Umatilla Project June 7. Board Members present during the tour were Toby Patrick and Lisa Ganuelas along with Board Vice Chair Aaron Ashley and General Council Chair Lindsey Watchmen.

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náptiyaw pútɨmt ku uylɨx́ s (second, sixteen)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


Confederated Umatilla Journal

ewspaper derated

Umatilla rvation


Section Section


APRIL 2021 Volume 29, Issue 4

JULY 2022 Volume 30, Issue 7

Special Section

The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Pendleton, Oregon

Wildhorse Pow Wow takes Mission by Storm

Girl dances Fancy in the Junior Girl’s Fancy category during the first night of the 26th Annual Wildhorse Pow Wow July 1. See more pictures of the Pow Wow and included specials pages 1-11C.

Wildhorse Pow Wow MC’s announce the next category during the annual event held this year in Mission July 1-3. From left are MC’s Thomas Morningowl, Jerry Meninick and Fred Hill, Sr.

Women dance in the Red Dress Special on Sunday of the Wildhorse Pow Wow July 3. The special was planned to bring attention and awareness to the ongoing Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women crisis. See more page 8C.


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Wildhorse Pow Wow results

Urseloria Walsey dances in the Women’s Fancy category Friday of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Junior Boy’s Fancy 4th place 1803 J3 Meninick Lenore OR Yakama 3rd Place 1801 Mosie Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama 2nd Place 1804 Jeremia Wahchumwa Milton WA Puyallup CHAMPION -1st Place 1802 Jonathan Casper Yakima WA Shuswap/Haida/Yakama Junior Boy’s Grass 4th place 2004 Kenston Chief Island Lake Sask. Cree-Canada 3rd place 2003 Jayden Walsey Toppenish WA Warm Springs/Yakama 2nd place 2005 Elijiah Denny Warm Springs OR Warm Springs CHAMPION -1st Place 2012 Avery New Holy-Mountain Sheep Pocatello ID Dine/Lakota Junior Boy’s Traditional 4th place 1605 Tiger Liley Wapato WA Yakama 3rd place 1602 Mosie Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama 2nd place 1606 Stephan Brown NV Paiute CHAMPION -1st Place 1610 Lewis Allen Culdesac ID Nez Perce/Paiute Junior Girl’s Fancy 4th place 1917 Elissa Meninick Harrah WA Yakama 3rd place 1902 Verna Johnson Salem OR Paiute-Shoshone/Hai 2nd place 1912 Abi Ford Kordatzky Pendleton

OR Umatilla CHAMPION -1st Place 1915 Jocelynn Phoenix Rosemead CA Navajo/Paiute/Tohon o Odham Junior Girl’s Jingle 4th place 2120 Scarlett Schroeder Chiloquin OR Klamath 3rd place 2111 Alexis Payer Goldendale WA Yakama 2nd place 2104 Lila Crookedneck Billings MT Navajo/ Cree CHAMPION -1st Place 2112 Alimae Jackson White Swan WA Yakama Junior Girl’s Traditional 4th place 1703 Annie Payer Goldendale WA Yakama 3rd place 1712 Tiara Price Harrah WA Warm Springs 2nd place 1714 Athena Reed Zillah WA Yakama CHAMPION -1st Place 1705 Dymond Say Pilot Rock OR Yakama Teen Boy’s Fancy 4th place 1201 Sonny Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama 3rd place 1203 Julius Phoenix Rosemead CA Navajo/ Paiute/Tohon o Odham 2nd place 1205 Apollo Johnson Warm Springs OR Wasco/Paiute CHAMPION -1st Place 1202 Kenny Brown Fort Defiance AZ Dine/Northern Arapaho 26th Teen Boy’s Grass Continued on next page

CUJ photos Dallas Dick and Jill-Marie Gavin

Fancy and jingle dress dancers show off their moves during a Sunday intertribal at the Wildhorse Pow Wow. Saturday night the pow wow was cut short due to weather. The pow wow resumed at noon on Sunday.


July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Dancers stand in place during Grand Entry to the Sunday session of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Continued from previous page

4th place 1404 Cashis Alferez-Bevis Pendleton OR Umatilla 3rd place 1402 Kenton Walsey Toppenish WA Warm Springs 2nd place 1407 Sun Hawk Barney Portland OR Navajo/Burns Paiute CHAMPION -1st Place 1401 Justus Cree Jr Bonners Ferry ID Cree Teen Boy’s Traditional 4th place 1002 Lebron Boise Warm Springs OR Warm Springs 3rd place 1012 Nakoa Kukakaway McDermitt NV Cree 2nd place 1013 Bryson Wallahee White Swan WA Yakama 1st place 1014 Jayden Esquiro Warm Springs OR Warm Springs Teen Girl’s Fancy 4th place 1310 Aurora Whiskeyjack Pilot Rock OR Saddle Lake First Nation 3rd place 1313 Macyquinn Johnson Warm Springs OR Wasco/Paiute 2nd place 1307 Miriam Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama CHAMPION -1st Place 1306 Kee’ala Walsey Tuba City AZ Dine Teen Girl’s Jingle 4th place 1510 Shayla Ochoa Klamath Klamath Tribes 3rd place 1506 Analynn R. Olney White Swan WA Yakama Nation 2nd place 1505 Kee’ala Walsey Tuba City AZ Dine CHAMPION -1st Place 1501 Junee Picard Lapwai ID Nez Perce Teen Girl’s Traditional 4th place 1108 Lauren Gould Lenore ID Nez Perce 3rd place 1114 Gerra Shock Toppenish WA Yakama 2nd place 1105 Miriam Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama CHAMPION -1st Place 1103 Analynn R.

Olney White Swan WA Yakama Nation Women’s Golden Age 4th place 106 Wilma Wahsise Toppenish WA Yakama Nation 3rd place 102 Audrey Olney White Swan WA Yakama 2nd place 111 Thomisata Mountain Sheep Pocatello ID Dine/Apache CHAMPION -1st Place 109 Pat Heemsah Toppenish WA Yakama Men’s Golden Age 4th place 9 Frank Eagle Speaker Yelm WA Blood 3rd place 18 Rod Begay Granger WA Yakama/Dine 2nd place 17 John Meninick Lenore ID Yakama 1st place 6 Peter Jo Olney White Swan WA Yakama Women’s Fancy 4th place 512 Tennille Wahtomy Wapato WA Yakama Nation 3rd place 501 Jovena Scabby Robe White Swan WA Yakama 2nd place 503 Urseloria Walsey Tuba City AZ Dine CHAMPION -1st Place 510 Arianne Sheka White Swan WA Ho-Chunk Women’s Jingle 4th place 714 Arianne Sheka White Swan WA Ho-Chunk 3rd place 704 Jovena Scabby Robe White Swan WA Yakama 2nd place 706 Michelle Etsitty Chinle AZ Navajo CHAMPION -1st Place 708 Bridget Eagle Speaker Yelm WA Puyallup Women’s Short Fringe 4th place 905 Katrina Miller Pendleton OR Yakama 3rd place 903 Zelma Walsey Toppenish WA Yakama 2nd place 906 Teata Ellenwood Pendleton OR CTUIR CHAMPION -1st Place 902 Tilda Walsey

Toppenish WA Warm Springs/Yakama Women’s Traditional 4th place 318 Katrina Miller Pendleton OR Yakama 3rd place 305 Violet Olney White Swan WA Yakama 2nd place 315 Emily Washines Toppenish WA Yakama/Cree/Skokomish CHAMPION -1st Place 328 Ida Shock Toppenish WA Yakama Men’s Fancy 4th place 406 Gary Smith Granger WA Yakama 3rd place 403 Gary Olney White Swan WA Yakama 2nd place 410 JJ Meninick Lenore ID Yakama 1st place 409 Carlos Benally Redmond WA Crow Creek Dakota Sioux Tribe Men’s Grass 4th place 612 Kyle Mountain Sheep Pocatello ID Navajo / Apache 3rd place 614 Jordan Yazzie Georgeville WA Yakama 2nd place 601 Alec Bluff Medical Lake WA Kalispel CHAMPION -1st Place 607 Gary M. Villa Warm Springs OR Warm Springs Men’s Prairie Chicken 4th place 816 Logan Quaempts Pendleton OR CTUIR 3rd place 817 Jeremy Barney Portland OR Burns Pauite 2nd place 813 Jordan Yazzie Georgeville WA Yakama CHAMPION -1st Place 815 Alex Meninick Harrah WA Yakama Men’s Traditional 4th place 208 Andrew Tewawina Polacca AZ Hopi/Apache 3rd place 212 George Meninick Jr. Toppenish WA Yakama 2nd place 223 Nakia Williamson Lapwai ID Nez Perce CHAMPION -1st Place 201 Justus Cree Sr Bonners Ferry ID Cree/Nooksack

Hand Drum Contest 3rd Sonny Eaglespeaker Yelm WA 2nd Charles Wood III Pendleton OR CHAMPION -1st Place 1st Southern Style AZ Drum Contest 8th The Agency Enumclaw WA 1538 7th Eagle Spirit Toppenish WA Yakama Warm Springs 1578 6th The Horses Window Rock AZ Arapaho/Cree/ Navajo 1732 5th Indian Nation Granger WA Yakama 1783 4th Iron Horse NW Territories Northwest Territories 1806 3rd Sweat Rocks The Dalles OR Yakama 1926 2nd Tha Cree Warm Springs OR Island Lake Cree 2013 1st Indian Hill Apple Valley CA The Originals Elders Special FRIDAY EVENING: Elder Man 5708 John Meninick Lenore ID Yakama Elder Man 5702 Peter Jo Olney White Swan WA Yakama Elder Woman 5705 Wilma Wahsise Toppenish WA Yakama Nation Elder Woman 5703 Audrey Olney White Swan WA Yakama Cowgirl Special SATURDAY AFTERNOON: 3rd place 5510 Arianne Sheka White Swan WA HoChunk 2nd place 5511 Michelle Etsitty Chinle AZ Navajo 1st Place 5501 Jovena Scabby Robe White Swan WA Yakama Warbonnet Special SUNDAY AFTERNOON: 3rd place 5308 Terry Heemsah Harrah WA Yakama 2nd place 5307 Nakia Williamson Lapwai ID Nimiipuu 1st Place 5306 Carlos Calica Warm Springs OR Warm Springs


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Teata Ellenwood dances in the Women’s Traditional Category on Friday night of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Attish Williamson takes a rest before his contest begins on Friday of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Timinah Ellenwood dances in the Tiny Tot Category July 1.

Levi Blackwolf dances Men’s Round Bustle Friday of Wildhorse Pow Wow. Friday was the only evening session of the pow wow due to inclement weather.


July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

The Sunday session of the pow wow opened with five intertribals and dancers prepared for the last day of contests. The Saturday night session was interrupted by a thunder, lightning and wind storm severe enough to shut down the pow wow for the evening. The event picked back up at noon the next day.

Cashis Bevis dances Grass in the Teen Boys category on Sunday of the pow wow. He placed fourth in his category.

Abigayle Kordatzky Ford dances Fancy Shawl in the Junior Girl’s category Friday of the pow wow. She placed second in her category.

Hazel Quaempts dances Traditional in the Junior Girls category on Friday night of the pow wow.


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Pow Wow judge Kathy Burke reads contestant’s numbers carefully as she records scores for the category dancers.

Junior Girls Jingle contestants line up after their contest concludes to get their points recorded by the judges.

CTUIR Youth Leadership Council members Amariana Willingham, left, and Maddie Munoz, right, show off their pow wow gear during their brief job as volunteers for the annual event.

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


Courtney Littlehoop and Job Schimmel’s daughter Jophiel wears a beaded bonnet during her trip around the vendor area on Friday of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Colleen Wildbill and family members were cooking up a storm in their fry bread booth right outside the arena. The line for food stretched out into the adjoining aisle for many vendors as the event became packed with visitors from states across the country.

Sunhawk Thomas, left, and Boots Pond, right, dance together during an intertribal at the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Youth gather for a photo opp with the CUJ during Friday night’s session of the Wildhorse Pow Wow. Friday night was the only evening session of the pow wow after Saturday was cut short due to weather.


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Women dance in the Red Dress Special during the Sunday session of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

“Mildred Quaempts & Family” sponsored the Red Dress Special on Sunday o their red regalia and makeup worn specifically for this event. From left in the p first place winner Ida Stompaho, Cecelia Stanger, Annie Kirk and Kola Thom

Red Dress Sp

Winners of the Red Dress Special, hosted by Mildred Quaempts and family, pose for photos after the contest.

Women wear read to honor and bring awareness to the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Relatives crisis in America. Red dresses are often displayed empty as a symbol of a missing or murdered woman. The special took place Sunday afternoon during the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Wynema Thurman dances Women’s Traditional style during MMIW event.


July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

of the Wildhorse Pow Wow to bring attention to the national Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Relatives Crisis. Above the participants of the special and Quaempts family come together to show photo are Emily Washines ,Merle Kirk ,Mildred Quaempts, fifth place winner Justine Slim John, fourth place winner Nizhone Toledo, third place winner Thomi Mountain Sheep ,second place Patricia Heemsah, mpson.

pecial honors lost, murdered women

the Sunday

Traditional style dancer wears beaded hat and red dress to bring awareness to the MMIW crisis in America during the Red Dress Special July 3.

Red Dress Special contestants danced in all women’s pow wow styles during the event.


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

The Cowgirl Special was held Saturday afternoon of the pow wow and is open to women of all dance styles. Women wear a mix of regalia and western gear for the dance style. Here a dancer wields a lasso in her contest session.

Two women dance in the Cowgirl Special Saturday afternoon of the 26th Annual Wildhorse Pow Wow. Teata Ellenwood dances in the Cowgirl Special Saturday afternoon of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

General Council Officers share a moment together during the Friday night Wildhorse Pow Wow session. From left are Secretary Shawna Shillal-Gavin, Chair Lindsey Watchman and Vice Chair Michael Ray Johnson.

Pow wow MC Fred Hill, Sr., center, introduces Happy Canyon Princesses Samantha Craig-Allen, right, and Marley Johnson, right, Saturday evening before the Wildhorse Pow Wow was shut down due to inclement weather.

July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal


Tonia Hall stands at the arena’s edge after accepting her cash prize for a surprise elder’s special during a Wildhorse Pow Wow intertribal. Hall traveled to compete in the pow wow from White Swan, WA.

Stephan Brown, age 11, takes a moment to rest in between his contest category dances. Brown is from Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation in Nevada.

Martina Gordon prepares to step out into the arena to judge Women’s Short Fringe dance category on Friday night of the Wildhorse Pow Wow.

Terry Heemsah dances in the War Bonnet Special Sunday afternoon of the Wildhorse Pow Wow. The special was originally scheduled to take place Saturday night but was moved due to weather. Heemsah, enrolled Yakama Nation and from Harrah WA, placed third in the special.


Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022

Nixyaawii Community School

graduates in style

Keyen Singer, Nixyaawii Valedictorian, gives encouraging speech during graduation ceremony June 3.

The Nixyaawii Community School Class of 2022 gathered at Wildhorse Resort & Casino June 3 to celebrate their achievements and gather their diplomas. The twelve-person class consisted of Kirk Houle, Kylie Jones, Nizhoni Toledo, Bryson Spino, Isabelle LeCornu, Healyne Mahoney, Julianah Matamoros, Elsie McKay, Latis Nowland, Eva Oatman, Ada Samayoa and Keyen Singer. CUJ photos Dallas Dick

s ' n e m Wo

GATHERING OF NATIVE AMERICANS GONA is a Gathering of Native Americans, this one will be specifically for women. GONA is a tribal best practice recognized by SAMHSA for tribes to gather and discuss current conditions in the community and hopes for making positive impacts.

Wednesday, July 13, 2022 at Wetlands Park 4 pm - Mingle & Dinner 4:30 pm - Opening & Ribbon Ceremony 5 pm - Belonging | 5:30 pm - Interdependence 6 pm - Mastery | 6:30 pm - Generosity 7 pm - Closing For more information contact Wenona Scott 541.240.8683 or WenonaScott@yellowhawk.org

Nixyaawii senior Eva Oatman is all smiles as she collects her high school diploma.




July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Let ‘Er Graduate

Muriel Jones-Hoisington enters the Round-Up Arena as Pendleton High School’s graduation ceremony begins June 4.

Aj Robledo read a passage in Nez Perce language during the Pendleton High School graduation ceremony June 4.

Tianna Arthur walks across the stage to collect her diploma as she graduates from Pendleton High School June 4.

Leo Crawford III holds his heart as he sings the Star Spangled Banner in the Pendleton High School Graduation opening ceremony June 4.

To schedule an appointment with your provider please call the medical receptionist at 541.240.8661

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Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


July 2022 - Confederated Umatilla Journal

Yellowhawk 2022 CTUIR scholarship recipient chosen By the CUJ

IONE - The Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center (Yellowhawk) Scholarship recipient for the 2022-23 school year is Larysa Burright. Burright, an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) is pursuing her degree in Nursing at Oregon Institute of Technology. She was also the 2021 scholarship recipient chosen by the Yellowhawk scholarship committee. The Yellowhawk scholarship program began in 2010 and $18,220 in scholarships have been awarded from 2010 -2021. Scholarship recipients receive a onetime award of $1,000 for fall term annually. The scholarship committee is apprised of all members of the CTUIR. This year’s scholarship deadline was April 30. To be eligible for the scholarship students must be enrolled CTUIR members, a senior in high school or a current and previously enrolled college student. College students must have and maintain a 2.5 GPA. All eligible appli-

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náptiyaw pútɨmt ku uylɨx́ s (second, sixteen)

Confederated Umatilla Journal - July 2022


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