Page 1

Newly elected Board of Trustees at-large member Sally Kosey is congratulated by Vice-Chair Jeremy Wolf at the swearing in ceremony. More on Page 3A.

With the help of singers and dancers from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, schools in the area celebrated Native American Awareness Month. See more photos on 20A and 21A.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

2 Sections, 48 pages / Publish date December 2017

The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon December 2017



Volume 25, Issue 12

Run-off election Feb. 12

MISSION – A run-off election is planned Feb. 12 to elect a vice-chair for the Board of Trustees (BOT) of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). Voters will choose from incumbent Jeremy Wolf and challenger Shana Radford, who finished the Nov. 14 election with 370 votes each. Voters elected William Sigo IV as General Council (GC) Chair over incumbent Alan Crawford and retained Gary Burke as BOT Chair. Also retaining seats on the BOT were Secretary N. Kat Brigham, and members at-large Aaron Ashley and Woodrow Star. Doris Wheeler was elected treasurer while former treasurer Rosenda Shippentower was elected to an at-large member position. Newcomer Sally Kosey also was elected to an at-large position. On the General Council with Sigo, Michael Ray Johnson was elected vice-chair, Shawna Gavin was elected secretary, and Thomas Morning Owl was elected by write-in as interpreter. A full story about the BOT and GC election and swearing in starts on Page 3A. Youth Councils also were elected and are featured on Page 19A.

2018 Happy Canyon Princesses Introducing the 2018 Happy Canyon Princesses, Tayler Craig, left, and Sequoia Conner, right. Craig is enrolled with the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation whereas Conner is a member of the San Carlos Apache Tribe. Both girls have strong family ties to Happy Canyon and the Indian Pageant and Wild West Show, with several family members serving as Princesses and one serving as Round-Up Queen. Shana Bailey Photography

Senior Youth Leadership Council: Chair Zech Cyr, Vice-Chair Lark Moses, Treasurer Moses Moses, Secretary Vincent Sheoships, Cultural Ambassador Luis Ortega Jr. Sunridge members Maddox Joseph McConville and Lyndsey Pasena-Littlesky; Nixyaawii members Rueben Bronson, Dazon Sigo, Magi Moses, Kylie Mountainchief; publicist Lily Picard. Junior Youth Leadership Council: Chair Juju Matamoros, Vice-Chair Enoch Crane, Treasurer JaeDean Looney, Secretary Latis Nowland, Cultural Ambassador Ava Zamudio; Members at large Chloe Bevis-Alferez, Malaya Stanger, Sidalee Baker, Persephone Bearchum, Keyen Singer, Jareen Hines, Grace Moses-Watchman, Bryson Redcrane Bronson, Alyric Red Crane Watchman.

Nixyaawii Golden Eagles start defense of Oregon state title Kylie Mountainchief puts up a shot against Savannah Sharp in Nixyaawii Community School’s easy victory over Class 2A Stanfield Dec. 4. Read more about the defending Class 1A state champs on Page 2B. CUJ photo/Phinney

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CUJ News Foothills before the snow Craig Kvern, Water Resources Specialst in the Department of Natural Resources for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, took this photograph of the sun shining on the foothills of the Blue Mountain in the late afternoon in early November before the snow fell.

Managers, hunters to take at least 600 Yellowstone bison By Michael Wright of the Bozeman Daily Chronicle and the CUJ

PRAY, Montana — Somewhere between 600 and 900 Yellowstone bison should be culled from the population this winter via hunting and slaughter, bison managers – including representatives from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation - agreed Nov. 28. State, federal and tribal officials met at Chico Hot Springs to hash out plans for the winter management of the Yellowstone bison herd, and they agreed that the population should either decrease or remain stable. CTUIR Board of Trustees Vice-Chair Jeremy Wolf, the Tribes’ Wildlife Program Manager Carl Scheeler, and Tribal Police Game Enforcement Officer Jim Currey attended the meeting. Yellowstone National Park’s most recent estimate says there are 4,816 animals in the population. Park biologists provided data that indicated the removal

‘The CTUIR’s representatives pushed for conservative harvest levels given the unknown nature of the effect of trapping and ship to slaughter on the health of the central herd.’ - CTUIR Vice-Chair Jeremy Wolf

of 600 would keep that number relatively stable while the removal of 900 would lead to a slight decrease. Park officials also agreed to attempt to coordinate the operation of the Stephens Creek Capture Facility — the bison trap just inside Yellowstone’s northern border — with the hunts that take place on the edge of the park. Bison are removed from the population each year because of an interagency agreement that calls for a population of about 3,000 and limits where the animals are allowed to roam in Montana. Hunters from five Native American tribes and some licensed through the

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state of Montana take aim at the animals when they migrate out of the park each winter. At the same time, Yellowstone captures migrating bison for slaughter. CTUIR Vice-Chair Wolf said in an email, “The CTUIR’s representatives pushed for conservative harvest levels given the unknown nature of the effect of trapping and ship to slaughter on the health of the central herd. The CTUIR intends to coordinate with the other tribes that recently entered into an MOA (Memorandum of Agreement) regarding treaty bison hunting, as well as appropriate state and federal agencies, to identify the Stevenson Trap’s impacts

and methods that can be implemented to limit these impacts while prioritizing tribal harvest, meeting population goals, and ensuring healthy migrations of the YNP bison herds.” This winter’s recommendation looks conservative compared to last winter, when more than 1,200 were removed from the population. Most of those were shipped to slaughter. As a result, the park says, the overall bison population dropped by roughly 12 percent. But the drop disproportionately affected one subset of the population, which some used as ammunition to argue for a more conservative removal goal. Biologists talk about the population in two groups — the northern herd, which migrates out of the park near Gardiner, and the central herd, which usually comes out near West Yellowstone. During surveys this summer, park staff counted nearly 4,000 bison in the northern herd, virtually no change from 2016. Yellowstone bison on page 22A

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

CUJ News

General Council officers, from left Secretary Shawna Gavin, Vice-Chair Michael Ray Johnson, Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl, and Chair William Sigo IV, take their oaths in front of a crowd that spilled out of the chambers at Nixyaawii Governance Center on Nov. 29.

Voters elect Sigo over Crawford for GC Chair By Wil Phinney of the CUJ

MISSION – New names and faces joined incumbents on governing bodies of the Confederated Tribes following an election Nov. 14 and swearing-in Nov. 29 on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. General Council (GC) officers, the Board of Trustees (BOT), and two Youth Councils took oaths of office in front of a standing-room-only audience that spilled out of the GC Chambers into the rotunda at the Nixyaawii Governance Center. William Sigo IV defeated incumbent Alan Crawford in a four-way race for GC Chair. Sigo won by 21 votes, 266-245, with the other two candidates, David Close and Kyle McGuire, splitting the other 222 votes. Sigo, in remarks made at the swearing-in, opened in his Umatilla language, which was interpreted by Thomas Morning Owl, who was elected GC interpreter by write-in vote. Sigo said he intended to work as hard for General Council as he had in his previous jobs, which include 11 years as a language teacher at Nixyaawii Community School.

General Council officers are, from left, Chair William Sigo IV, Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl, Vice-Chair Michael Ray Johnson, and Secretary Shawna Gavin.

Sigo thanked his family which has made clear to him “why I need to be a leader and a man.” He also said, “I’m used to doing my speaking to children. I am nervous, the anxiety has hit me finally.” Crawford, when presented with a Pendleton blanket as the outgoing GC Chair, took the microphone, waved

his hand and shouted out his “legacy” as a leader responsible for the casino expansion, the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center, a planned school and other things. One race, that of the BOT vice-chair, is still to be decided after the election ended in a 370-370 vote deadlock and recounts. A run-off election has been scheduled for Feb. 12 to determine a winner between inYouth Council cumbent Jeremy Wolf elects officers and challenger Shana Radford. - Page 19A Following the election and two recounts, Radford filed a complaint with the Election Commission over what she and her poll watcher cited as inconsistencies and discrepancies in ballot counting. The Election Commission denied her complaint because, the Commission said, it had been filed too late. Radford said she would appeal to Tribal Court on Nov. 18, but decided the next day, Nov. 19, not to appeal. GC, BOT swearing in on page 18A

The Board of Trustees includes, front row from left, Sally Kosey, at-large member; Secretary Kat Brigham; Treasurer Doris Wheeler; at-large member Rosenda Shippentower; General Council Chair William Sigo IV; and back row from left, BOT Chair Gary Burke; at-large member Woodrow Star; Vice-Chair Jeremy Wolf; and at-large member Aaron Ashley. Wolf was not sworn in at the Nov. 29 ceremony. He and Shana Radford tied in the election; voters will decide that race in a run-off election Feb. 12. Until that election occurs, according to the Tribal Constitution, Wolf will continue to serve in that position.

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Retiring Master Printer Frank Janzen honored at Crow’s

Frank Janzen, retiring Master Printer at Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts, is embraced by Crow’s Shadow founder James Lavadour at the Institute’s open house Dec. 3.

MISSION - Nearly 100 people came and went throughout a three-hour open house Dec. 3 at Crow’s Shadow Institute for the Arts (CSIA) where patrons celebrated the imminent retirement of Master Printer Frank Janzen. The event also was a fundraiser with a raffle winner getting their choice of a Rick Bartow monoprint. CSIA past board member Charles Froelick, of Portland, made welcoming remarks, and Christy Janzen, the daughter of Frank and Marie Janzen, gave a moving speech in honor of her father’s retirement, his dedication to Crow’s Shadow, and his unwavering support for the creative process. Frank and Marie Janzen both gave warm thanks to the CSIA Board, special thanks to James Lavadour, the CSIA staff, and most of all they thanked the artists who have been to Crow’s Shadow to make prints over the past 17 years.

The Crow’s Shadow board of directors also recognized Marie Janzen for her countless hours of volunteer time at the art institute with a gift of a Pendleton blanket and a bouquet of roses. Finally, Crow’s Shadow staff completed the fundraising raffle by selecting the winner – Cynthia Jones of Salem, Oregon - from among 99 tickets sold. Door prizes were also drawn - Rebecca Dobkins of Portland won a hand-woven medallion bag made and donated by local artist Michael Ray Johnson, and Margie Gutierrez of Pendleton won a copy of the newly published “Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts at 25” book. The raffle fundraiser was capped at 99 tickets and brought in close to $10,000 to help continue studio programming, including artist residencies, traditional arts workshops, and the ongoing Nixya’awii Community School printmaking class, said Karl Davis, CSIA Executive Director.

Frank Janzen shares a laugh with Andrea Mann. Food and drinks were provided by a number of volunteers, including Pat Hall Walters, Marie Hall, Alison Gold, and the Gr e a t Pa ci fi c Wi n e a n d C o ffe e C o .

Five arrested on tribal, state drug charges MISSION – Five people were arrested in a drug bust at about 5 a.m. on Nov. 14 in a residential area where mostly elders live on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The home at 1 East Street is the residence of Lyndi McKenzie, 73, the mother of Timothy Burns, 38. Along with McKenzie and Burns, Brianna Gillette, 32, Christina Jones, 26, and Ashley Sampson, 31, were arrested on charges pursuant to the criminal codes of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation as well as State of Oregon charges. All five were lodged in the Umatilla County jail on Tribal charges that included dangerous drugs (possession, sales, etc.) and/or criminal activity in drugs (manufacture, transport, possession, etc.) and/or criminal drug promotion. They were also charged by the State for possession of methamphetamine and frequenting/maintaining a place where drugs are kept/sold. Seized at the residence, after a narcotics search warrant was served, were approximately eight grams of meth, a half-pound of marijuana, honey oil dabs (also known as butane hash oil , a highly concentrated extract of marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient THC) , scales and packaging material, one firearm, and U.S. currency. The agencies involved in the arrests were the Blue Mountain Enforcement Narcotics Team (BENT), the Umatilla Tribal Police Department (UTPD), the FBI, and the Pendleton Regional Special Weapons and Tactics Team. The investigation was led by a UTPD officer who is assigned to the BENT team.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Peo Peo Mox Mox

Death of Chief Carl Sampson leaves huge cultural void By Wil Phinney of the CUJ


tubborn to the very end, Walla Walla Hereditary Chief Carl Sampson, died Nov. 15, 2017, in Pendleton. The night before he died at St. Anthony Hospital he was still watching basketball, taking in his grandson’s game at Sunridge Middle School. “He was always sparring,” said daughter Linda following the funeral Nov. 22 at the Longhouse in Mission on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. “As sick as he was he was at Dylan’s game on Tuesday night and left us on Wednesday afternoon.” Sampson, also known by his Indian name of Peo Peo Mox Mox (Yellowbird), taught his children – and all those who knew him – “to never stop fighting, to live by your convictions and don’t let people sway you,” his youngest daughter said. And he battled the status quo whenever it was the right thing to do. He even broke Indian law and was cremated because he didn’t want some scientist digging up his remains a hundred years from now to study his bones. “He didn’t want to be a skull on somebody’s coffee table,” Linda said. “He saw repatriated items stored in boxes and he said he’d never let that happen. He said he’d never be studied.” Instead, half his ashes were buried between his father, John Sampson, and his son, Curtis, and the other half were packed in and scattered on Mount Joseph in the Eagle Cap Wilderness by a contingent that included Carl’s son Donald and his partner Peggy Harris, Carl’s grandsons Johnny, Curtis, Ian Sampson and Preston Eagleheart; his granddaughters Clara and Carrie Sampson; Aaron Ashley representing Linda Sampson and her husband Bear Farrow; and friends Tim Nitz and Joe Whittle. Renegade to the end, it was Carl’s desire that his ashes be sprinkled from an airplane, but that’s illegal in a wilderness area. Carl requested a long tent funeral at Donald’s house. (Carl held a long tent funeral 27 years earlier when his oldest son, Curtis, died in a car accident.) The services

Carl Sampson sits in full regalia atop his horse in the Indian Village before entering the arena at the Pendleton Round-Up.

and subsequent dinner lasted past midnight in temperatures that dipped into the 30s. Space was limited but the family opened it to everybody because he was everybody’s chief. At the Friday Washat Service in the Longhouse, the attendees ranged from Portland philanthropist Jordan Schnitzer and members of the Bishop family to members of the Board of the Columbia River Keepers and several members of the Cayuse Young Chiefs, the team Carl’s grandson plays on. Also attending were members of the Sierra Club, the Eugene Civil Liberties Defence Center and the Pendleton Round-Up Association, plus several

Tribal leaders from around the Northwest. Don, 56, who next year will receive the hereditary chief’s head dress, received a three-minute video message from Robert “Bobby” Kennedy Jr., who called Carl an “extraordinary man, an extraordinary American.” In the mold of Abraham Lincoln, Kennedy said, Sampson “believed that America can never be a great nation unless it starts first as a good nation and he spent his lifetime trying to force our country to live up to its highest ideal.” Carl Sampson on page 16A

Carl Sampson rides, above and below, in the Westward Ho! Parade during the Pendleton Round-Up. At right, he poses with a statue of Peo Peo Mox Mox, which stands at the intersection of North Third Avenue and West Rose Street in Walla Walla.

Carl Sampson, holding a publication with a headline “Honor the Earth,” talks with Winona LaDuke in this file photo. LaDuke is an environmentalist, economist and writer known for her work on tribal land claims and preservation. In 1996 and 2000 she ran for Vice-President as the nominee of the Green Party of the United States on a ticket headed by Ralph Nader. In the 2016 election she became the first Native American woman to receive an electoral vote for Vice-President of the United States.

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


CUJ Editorials W

Who protects you, the Electorate?

e, the people of the Umatilla Indian Reservation do hereby ordain and establish this Constitution and Bylaws. It is these words that open our Tribal Constitution. Our Elders voted to establish a constitutional form of government in 1949. By this democratic process it is the consent of the People to be governed in this manner. We choose from our General Council membership Tribal members to represent our interests through free and fair elections.

We, the people of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, held our election on November 14 in an effort to uphold this principle by adhering to Section 5 of our Constitution. The Election Commissioners had the duty and responsibility to hold a free and fair election in accordance with the Constitution and Election Code. This duty and responsibility is of great importance to all of us. The work of the Election Commission can be a thankless task for the volunteers appointed by the Board of Trustees. But they have a great responsibility to insure everyone who wishes to vote has an opportunity to do so. Over the past three election cycles the Election Commission has made great strides and efforts to count every vote cast for a candidate for public office by insuring absentee ballots are mailed out in a timely manner and the on-site election is conducted in a professional manner. During the last election we learned that votes were counted based on “voter intent.” Meaning that if Election Commissioners could ascertain that a voter chose a candidate by circling the position and candidate or by drawing a line to a candidate, then the vote was counted. Our Constitution and Election Code are silent on “voter intent,” which means we have no guidance or definition of how to interpret intent. The fact of the matter is the Election Code 3.13B states: “The Election Commission shall not count votes for an elected position or for other matter(s) on the ballot where the Qualified Voter has failed to follow the ballot instructions in voting for that position or matter.” The instructions on the ballot clearly state that the voter must connect two points to form a solid line next to the name of the candidate they choose for office. Because ballots were accepted by interpreting “voter intent,” the results of the vote count for every candidate on this year’s ballot are brought into question. While there may be a need for a runoff between the two candidates for vice chair, we are now left to wonder if there are votes in other races that were counted in violation of the Election Code. At the end of the day, who protects the electorate? The Election Code clearly states in Section

CUJ Confederated Umatilla Journal


Tribal democracy dates back ten thousand years The formal written ideals of a democratic form of government go back over two thousand five hundred years. Anthropologists have been able to identify forms of proto-democracy that date back to small kinship bands of people during the hunter-gather stages of mankind. Our adherence to this form of government can be traced back at least ten thousand years. There are differing forms of this ideal across the world. In order to clarify the principle, the United Nations produced a Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 - one year before we adopted our Constitution. “Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. . . . The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.”

The young photographer wanted a caption that read: “Bridge the gap between inexperience and wisdom,” but the editor wasn’t sure what he meant. So, rather, we’ll tell you “Black Bridge” is about eight miles east CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis of Mission near Cayuse.

5.03 Election Procedure Disputes that only those charged with engaging in unlawful campaign practices or candidates for Tribal office who dispute the Commission’s conduct of the election have standing. This means the electorate has no standing to dispute an election. How can we have a free and fair election if the code is not strictly followed? Who can hold the Election Commission accountable for an election if only a few are eligible to question the validity? Of course there may only be a few votes that should have been tossed out this election, but what about past elections? There have been several where there has been a close call. And, perhaps more importantly, what about future elections? All of our votes should count. There is a way to incorporate voter intent into our codes. Surely the Election Commission will make recommendations for updates and clarifications in our code. Though, we still need a clear mechanism to insure accountability for free and fair elections. Make your vote count by following the ballot instructions so there is no question about who you want to represent your interests.

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The young photographer didn’t think this picture needed a caption at all but the editor thought readers might want to know it is quasi-graffiti on the bridge pictured above. And “staying golden” is a good thing. CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

This photograph is staying golden, but the colors of autumn aren’t going to stick around much longer as the leaves continue to fall and the frosty CUJ photo/Sammantha McCloud mornings lead to full fledged winter.


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December 2017

CUJ Op-Ed/Columns Commission lacks standards to determine voter intent By Shana McConville Radford


nder the Indian Civil Rights Act (ICRA), tribal governments are required to provide equal protection and due process to everyone under their jurisdictions. The right to freely elect representatives and to influence the political direction of government is crucial to the political foundation of tribal self-governance. The decision to not pursue an appeal through the tribal court was heavily influenced on prayer, and the feedback of both highly respected elders and advisers, who all believe in my abilities, experience and leadership qualities. The right to vote is considered a fundamental right, and courts hold governments to high standards in reviewing election codes, applying both due process and equal protection rights. During the initial ballot counting and during the recount, both I and my poll watcher witnessed the Commission’s process for determining when to accept or reject ballots, particularly absentee ballots - these were subject to whim. During these processes, it was stated they were attempting to determine the intent of the voters on absentee ballots that had been incorrectly filled out by the voter. The Commission acknowledged they had no written stan-

dards for determining voter intent. Failure to have any written standards in place for determining voter intent violates the equal protection clause of ICRA and infringes on the fundamental right to vote of CTUIR members because it fails to prevent arbitrary and disparate treatment and leads to unequal evaluation of the ballots. Thus, I filed an administrative complaint with the Commission regarding the lack of standards in determining voter intent. I filed on Thursday, November 16th . On Friday, November 17th the Commission issued its decision, denying my administrative appeal as not filed within the time required by the Code. The Commission’s refusal to hear my complaint violates the due process clause of ICRA because if the Code is interpreted as the Commission asserts, I would’ve had less than one hour to file the complaint with the Commission after they finished their recount at approximately 3 p.m. on November 15th . This is also less than one day after the results of the election were concluded. Drafting and filing an appeal to the Commission within one hour or possibly less is not due process. If candidates are to have a fair chance to file a meaningful appeal with the Commission, the timeframe should begin after the recounting is complete and the final official results are certified, not from the

date of the election itself. To date, the recount has not been certified by General Council. In closing, it’s very important that we have strict regulations on elections, a strong culture of transparency, and an unbiased elections authority capable of administering elections fairly. I encourage folks to be more engaged and involved in politics, and to speak up about voting issues. I want to see the Commission implement standards and address these issues prior to our next election. This is a very important issue to me, but I now want to focus my energy and attention on the runoff in February. Voting is the biggest voice our people have as tribal citizens and I believe we will have a better process and policy. I want you to know that I value your feedback and I will continue to advocate and promote positive resolution regarding the fundamental rights of all our people. The important voice here is not my own, but that of the people. Our voice must be counted consistently. At a time when our voice is contested nationally, we must ensure we are heard locally. Local governments are our leader. We must behave as such. Editor’s note: The Indian Civil Rights Act of 1968 has not been adopted by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Nicht-Yow-Way Elders groups talk money, trips, dinner


wanting to attend. To alleviate this from continuhe Nicht-Yow-Way Elders group’s November meeting was full of energetic dialogue on ing in 2018, discussion was proposed to implement how elder funds should be expended, how an Elder Event Survey that each elder interested in elders are selected for trips, a proposal to raise the age traveling would complete identifying their top three Elder events they would be level for elder status and planinterested in. That list could ning the annual Christmas dinthen be used to identify which ner. With this dialogue being When discussing the heated at times, it was decided events were most popular and budget limitations and the where more attendees could to provide an update in the rising number of elders be planned for, than lower CUJ of upcoming discussion interest level areas. Discussion and actions on these topics. 55+ who will be eligible for also included how selections One issue that was a hot energy assistance in 2018, could be made in an equitable topic was the elder trips, which uses the bulk of the budget the idea of raising the elder manner - drawing from a hat after energy assistance. This age from 55 back to 60 was from all those interested in that year, 54 elders participated in event?, first come/first serve?, proposed. these trips, with eight of these sign ups before each event at elders living off reservation. the monthly elders meeting?, Of these participants, nine allow staff to make selections?, elders attended three trips, 19 attended two trips and etc. Most elders were supportive of using this event 17 attended one trip. Eleven elders were signed up to survey, but varied with the selection process. attend but did not show up or cancel their participaWhen discussing the budget limitations and the tion, resulting in costs paid for hotel rooms not used, rising number of elders 55+ who will be eligible for low rider levels on the van and most importantly, no energy assistance in 2018, the idea of raising the elder opportunity to fill that spot with an alternate elder age from 55 back to 60 was proposed. If adopted, this

action would remove elders currently under the age of 60 from receiving the energy assistance, or participating in elder travel events. Both of these topics were deemed to need more discussion than amongst the 18 elders present at the monthly meeting. It was decided that after the Christmas dinner a special elders meeting would be conducted to discuss and act on these issues. This article serves to invites all CTUIR enrollees who are 55 years or older, to come to the meeting to participate in this discussion and action. The Elders group has joined with the Celebration Committee to host a community Christmas Dinner that will be held at the Mission Longhouse on Dec. 19 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. Immediately following the dinner, the Elders group will conduct this special meeting to address these topics. For more information on this meeting, please contact: Theda Scott, Elders Coordinator at 429-7300 or Julie Taylor at 429-7315 or Lorena Thompson, Vice Chair of Nicht-Yow-Way Elders Committee at 966-1514. Submitted by Julie Taylor, Director of the Department of Children and Family Services

CUJ Letters to the Editor Lake Humepitin needs clean-up, maintenance To the Editor Observations that need immediate attention: - The firepits are not cleaned; they are full of debris - There are limbs laying all over, plus more debris - Toilet lids are missing - Toilet doors are not taken care of properly - Toilets are not kept clean; they need to be washed and sanitized - Beer cans and food cans are laying around plus a hide, ashes left on ground, a cooler left and garbage

December 2017

- During the summer two camps were confiscated on the Indian side of the lake for unknown reasons. One of the camps had my cook stove & my propane bottle. - Those camping on the Indian side were also told not to use the water, that the water was for paying customers only - Campers were also told to use the East entrance; they were not to use the main entrance - The lake is for Indians & non-Indians I used to help take care of the lake area and camp sites with Carl Corwin and have past experience in the proper maintenance of Lake Humepitin. Adele Guyer

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Congratulations to new BOT, GC Congratulations to the recently elected BOT and GC officer for the 2017-2019 term. Thank you to the outgoing leadership for their contributions to our tribe. Also, thank you to all the candidates, voters, and everyone that participated in our recent tribal election, including, of course, the Election Commission and grass-roots tribal members. We all need to remember that we are all in this together as we make our way through today’s world, while always remembering our history, as we look to and prepare for our future. Bob Shippentower


CUJ Almanac Obituaries Carl Sampson

Aug. 19, 1933 – Nov. 15, 2017 Carl Sampson, also known as Peo Peo Mox Mox (Yellowbird), was the hereditary chief of the Walla Walla Tribe. He passed away on November 15, 2017, in Pendleton, Oregon. Carl was born on August 19, 1933, at Tutuilla Flats on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon. His parents were John and Carrie Abraham Sampson. He was married to Marian “Arleta” Sampson for 65 years, and for the past many years they were recognized as the longest married couple in the Pendleton Round-Up Indian Village. Carl attended Pendleton High School and Chemawa Indian School in Salem. He served for many years on the Umatilla Tribe’s Board of Trustees and as the chairman of the General Council. He was the Umatilla Tribe’s first tribal housing manager, served on the Tribal Health Commission, Portland Area Indian Health Board, Umatilla Fish and Wildlife Committee, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Healing Lodge of the Seven Nations, Hanford Advisory Board, and National Congress of American Indians. He also served in the United States Air Force. He was a strong advocate, spokesman, and activist for protecting and honoring the Tribes’ 1855 treaty with the United States, protecting “Mother Earth” from environmental degradation and pollution, and promoting the Tribes’ cultural pride and educated many about Native people. He helped carry on the cultural traditions and ceremonies like the Mother’s Day root feast, huckleberry feasts, memorials, namings, funerals, and first food ceremonies for his people. He and his wife Arleta were big supporters of the Nixyaawii Community School and always were there to watch their children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren in sports. He was a well know portrait artist and painter, making native drums, tribal regalia, and painting teepees. He enjoyed hunting and fishing, digging roots, picking huckleberries, and traditional dancing at pow wows with his family. As a young man he fished at Celilo Falls on the Columbia River. Over the many years, Carl and Arleta helped take care of over 30 of their grandchildren, nieces, nephews, and family members who needed their help. He was preceded in death by his mother and father; brothers Clifford Sampson, Thomas Sampson, Pete Sampson and Darrel “Bozo” Baptiste; son Curtis Sampson; and grandson Ryan Eagleheart. He is survived by his wife Arleta; daughters Cathy Sampson-Kruse, Sandy and Linda Sampson; son Don Sampson; and sisters Linnea Ganuelas, Bonnie Moffet, and Eloise Baptiste. He loved all of his 32 grandchildren, 28 greatgrandchildren, and one great-great-grandchild. He had many aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins and family from the Umatilla Tribe, as well as Yakama, Warm Springs, Nez Perce, Spokane and Colville tribes. On Nov. 16 at 7 p.m. there was a service in a long tent at the family home of Don Sampson, 71790 S. Market Road, Pendleton, Ore. On Friday, Nov. 17 at 7 p.m. there was a Seven Drum Washaat Service at the Mission Longhouse. On Saturday, Nov. 18 at 7 a.m. there was a sunrise service at the Mission Longhouse, followed by

burial at Old Agency Cemetery in Mission. At noon a dinner and giveaway followed at the Mission Longhouse. For more information contact Sandy Sampson at 541-429- 2601. Burns Mortuary of Pendleton was in charge of arrangements. Sign the condolence book at

Lillian Arlene ‘Sis’ Moses Oct. 7, 1951 – Nov. 23, 2017

At the age of 66, beloved daughter, mother, grandmother and great-grandmother Lillian “Sis” Arlene Moses passed on November 23, 2017, Thanksgiving Day. Sis was born in Lewiston, Idaho, on October 7, 1951, to Gabriel and Delores Moses. Her siblings include brothers Phillip Moses and Gregory Moses and sisters Judith Moses and Theresa Willis. Sis’ children include Rick Schimmel, Michelle Moses and Cecilee Moses. Grandchildren include Shae Schimmel, Michael Schimmel, Dani Blodgett, Cicily Moses, Shoni Schimmel, Ken Mayfield, Jude Schimmel, Isaiah Moses, Job Schimmel, Milan Schimmel, Mick Schimmel, Lark Moses, Magi Moses, Saint Schimmel, Sistine Moses, Bear Moses, Sun Schimmel and Michael Moses. Great-grandchildren include Jalen Schimmel, Laila Schimmel, Nila Mayfield and baby. As a young child, Sis moved to Mission, Oregon, and was an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. She is a descendant of the Nez Perce and Yakama tribes. She attended St. Andrew’s School, graduated in 1969 from Pendleton High School, attended Eastern Oregon College and Santa Fe Art School (NAIA). Sis worked as a legal secretary and later as one of CTUIR’s first Tribal Administration employees. Other jobs included Early Education program teacher for the tribe, Youth Ministry and CCD teacher for St. Andrew’s Church. Sis was one of the first winners of the Junior American Indian Pageant, a winner of the American Indian Beauty Contest and served as a 1968 Happy Canyon princess. She was a candidate for Miss Indian America. Sis’ artistic ability was one of her many talents, creating magnificent ledger paintings. Other talents included fashion design, interior design and creative cooking. Her hobbies included singing, dancing, sports and friendships. Sis adored her Samoyed puppies Kashka and Star. What a lot of people don’t know is the fact she survived 20 years of dialysis, a path that lasts on average 3-6 years. Out of immense love, Sis chose to endure this for her children and grandchildren. Even while enduring constant pain herself, she held you when you hurt and made you smile. The love Sis had for God, her family and friends was heaven in itself. Her will and strength were truly powerful. Even in death, Sis fought to stay here with her family, yet she was unafraid to go. She left Earth surrounded by her loved ones, her daughters and all her grandchildren. She was preceded in death by her father, brothers, sister-in-law, nephew and grandson. Services were held at St. Andrew’s Mission, 48022 St. Andrew’s Road, Pendleton, Oregon. Rosary was Nov. 30 at 7 pm. Funeral Mass was Dec. 1 at 10 a.m. followed by burial services and reception. Burns Mortuary of Pendleton is handled service arrangements. Please sign the condolence book at

Jobs The City of Portland, Oregon’s Bureau of Development Services is recruiting for multiple positions and invites you to apply! For details and to apply visit https:// www.governmentjobs. com/careers/portlandor new recruitments posted every Monday! Upcoming recruitments include: Building Inspector II – Open Now! Plumbing Inspector – Open Now! Commercial Plans Examiner – Open Now! Senior Plans Examiner Plan Review Supervisor Development Services Technician I Development Services Supervisor II Inspections Division Manager Public Information Officer Senior Communication Outreach & Information Representative

Native American Program Coordinator

Lane Community College, Eugene, OR Posting #170150 Closing Date: 12/31/2017 The Concepcion Mesquita Multi-Cultural Center (CMMCC) is recruiting for a faculty member who will promote education, retention and achievement in life and in the classroom for Native American and Indigenous students. The Coordinator is vital to the students at Lane Community College. The selected candidate will work to design and provide programs, which increase public understanding of Indian tribes, of the unique challenges Native people have faced both historically and continue to face today, and of the ways in which Native people have worked to triumph over these challenges. Responsibilities: Provide an empowering experience for Native American youth by exploring their culture and identity, and defining a future for themselves. The selected candidate will share the honor and respect for all peoples, ensuring students are informed about traditional ways of knowing. The Native American Coordinator will provide culturally appropriate support to students, community and college; teach Native American Culture and Leadership courses; teach and assess students in a culturally sensitive manner; educate faculty and staff on resources, history, and cultural relationship to learning. Serve as an on-going campus advocate for accessibility and inclusion to services and education by collaborating with student services and related areas. Starting Salary Range: $50,665 - $68,016 per academic year Required Qualifications: Education: Bachelors degree in Education, Counseling, Native American Studies, Ethnic Studies or a related field. See posting for an equivalency. Experience: One (1) year experience providing supportive counseling, coaching, mentoring and/or teaching, with specific experience leading and coordinating student and/or tribal nation programs is required. Apply now: To access the posting directly: For other questions or disability accommodations, please contact LynnMarie, chowduryl@, or call (541) 463-5111 or (541) 4635586. Lane only accepts online applications.

Weather Weather information summarize data taken at the Pendleton Weather Station from Nov. 1 to Nov. 30. Temperature is reported in degrees Fahrenheit and time in Pacific Standard Time. The average daily temperature was 51.9 degrees with a high of 70 degrees on Nov. 23 and a low of 39 degrees on Nov. 7. With a departure from normal of 1.7 degrees


Total precipitation to date in November was 1.56” with greatest 24hr average 0.33” Nov. 26. Fifteen days out of the month had precipitation level greater than .01 inches with seven days greater than 0.10 inches. There was a departure of 0.04” from average for the month of November. The average wind speed was 7.5 mph with a sustained max speed of 36 mph from the South

West on Nov. 1 & Nov. 20. The dominant wind direction was from the South and Southwest. There were 19 rain days out of 30, six Haze events/days in the month of November. Air Quality Index values elevated to moderate towards the middle of the Month this coincided with inversion like conditions and cold stale weather.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Job Title: Receptionist/Administrative Assistant, Department: Office of the Executive Director, Classification: Regular, Full time, NonExempt (GS 5/110), Salary/Wage: $32,834 - $42,687, Location: Portland, Oregon, Closing Date: December 22, 2017. For a full job description visit critfc-employment-opportunities/ Application procedure: Hiring preference given to qualified enrolled members of federally recognized tribes and Alaska natives, especially the CRITFC member tribes (Warm Springs, Yakama, Umatilla, Nez Perce). Qualified individuals, including women, veterans, minorities and individuals with disabilities are encouraged to apply and will be given fair and equitable consideration. Incomplete applications are not accepted. A complete application includes a cover letter, CV/resume, a completed job application (found at www. “employment opportunities,” or call 503-238-0667), and three professional references. Submit to: Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Attn: Human Resources, 700 NE Multnomah, St., Suite 1200, Portland, OR 97232. Email: (follow with mailed original). Fax: 503.235.4228 (follow with mailed original), blog/jobs/receptionistadministrative-assistant/ Additional Position Information Contact: Nicole Charley, Executive Assistant (503) 238-0667.

Career Opportunities at the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

1-On-Call Public Transit Bus Driver/ Dispatch 2-Tribal Linguist 3-Master Speaker-Nez Perce 4-Education Culture Coordinator 5-Equipment Operator I 6- Biologist III 7-Hanford Archaeologist 8-Police Officer Indain Educaiton Coordinator 9-Teacher/family advocate 10-Education Specialist 11-Communications officer (Dispatcher) 12-DCFS Lead Investigator 13-Construction & Maintenance Supervisor 14-Senior Archaeologist 15- Fisheries Technician II Umatilla/Walla Walla 16- Fisheries Technician II M&E, Walla Walla 17- Facilties Maintenance Technician II

For more information visit: Office of Human Resources Online employment-opportunities

Community Watch

Senior Center at 5 p.m. / Upcoming meeting: Dec. 28

Community Forum

No December Meeting Next meeting is Jan. 30 at the Senior Center

December 2017

Public notice NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that the Land Protection Planning Commission of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) will hold the following public hearings. Conditional Use File #CU-17-005 – Applicant, Andrea Hall (POA for June Parr, owner), 356 W. Van Buren St., Athena OR 97813 seeks approval to conduct a timber harvest. Subject property is Trust Allotment 842 located in Section 7 of Township 1 North, Range 35 East on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Property is zoned G-1 (Big Game Grazing Forest) having approx. 60.3 acres. Timber Harvest is listed as a conditional use (Land Development Code §3.290) within the G-1 Zone subject to approval criteria in CTUIR Land Development Code Sections 6.015 and 4.025. Conditional Use File #CU-17-004 – Applicants/Owners Adam and Christine Hahn, 1550 Heather Court, Vernonia, OR 97064 seeks approval to construct a new single family dwelling on property zoned G-1 (Big Game Grazing Forest), identified as Tax Lot 1702 on Umatilla County Assessor Tax Map 1N34 containing 83.16 acres and owned by Connie and Kelly McCormmach, 15 NE Nelson Drive, Pendleton, OR 97801. Subject property is located on Emigrant Road 1.5 miles west of the Poverty Flats Road intersection. A single family dwelling is listed as a Conditional Use (Land Development Code 3.290) within the G-1 Zone subject to the approval criteria in CTUIR Land Development Code Section 6.015. The hearings will be held on Tuesday, December 12, 2017 beginning at 9:00 a.m. in the Nixya’awii Governance Center Wanaq’it Conference Room on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, 46411 Tímine Way, Pendleton, OR. The public is entitled and encouraged to attend the hearings and to submit oral or written

testimony regarding the requests. To obtain further information contact the Tribal Planning Office at, 46411 Timíne, Pendleton, OR 97801 or call (541)429-7518.

2018 CTUIR Budget, Annual Workplans accepted by BOT ON NOVEMBER 13, 2017, THE CTUIR BOARD OF TRUSTEES (BOARD) ADOPTED THE 2018 CTUIR BUDGET AND ANNUAL WORK PLANS. The Tribes’ subordinate organizations, Cayuse Technologies, Wildhorse Resort & Casino, Arrowhead Truck Plaza, Mission Market, and Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center are included in the overall Tribal budget. Various sources of Tribal income totaling $282,596,680 were identified as revenue in the 2018 budget. Of this amount, $251,798,979 was approved for the overall operating budgets. The remaining funds will be retro-budgeted for 2019. The creation of the annual budget for the CTUIR is a lengthy process and after numerous meetings and presentations of the draft budget to the Board and General Council, the budget was finally approved in mid-November. The Treasurer presented the draft budget to General Council on October 26, 2017. The 2018 budget maintains most services at current 2017 levels and provides funding for ongoing contractual obligations and fixed costs such as debt service, including $603,990 payment toward the retirement of the internal debt load. The Board also approved a 2% Cost of Living Adjustment for CTUIR government employees that will go into effect on January 1, 2018. These employees will also be eligible to receive merit increases up to and including 3%. Should tribal members want a copy of the 2018 budget, you may contact Rosenda Shippentower, Treasurer, at 541-429-7379 or or Paul Rabb, CTUIR Finance Director, at 541-429-7165.

CTUIR Board of Trustees

General Council

Chair Gary Burke

Chair Willie Sigo, IV

Vice Chair Jeremy Wolf

Vice Chair Michael Ray Johnson

Treasurer Doris Wheeler

Secretary Shawna Gavin

Secretary Kathryn Brigham

Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl

At-large BOT Members: Aaron Ashley General Council contact Info Sally Kosey Office: 541-429-7378 Rosenda Shippentower Email: Meeting updates and information on: Woodrow Star

CTUIR Executive Team :

Interim Director Debra Croswell

General Council Meeting

Pendleton Pioneer Chapel received three prestigious awards in 2009

w The Oregon Funeral Directors Association Award of Funeral Service Excellence w The Best Of Eastern Oregon Award as voted by the readers of the East Oregonian w Pendleton Chamber of Commerce 2009 Business of the Year

Nixyaawii Governance Center, 2 p.m. - December 14 Draft agenda:

1. 2nd Quarter Board of Trustees Report - Doris Wheeler, BOT Treasurer 2. 3rd Quarter Financial Report - Doris Wheeler, BOT Treasurer

Our experienced family provides caring, compassionate care including:

Burial Services ~ Military Services Cremation ~ Monuments

December 2017

CTUIR Express Phone Directory

Tribal Court 541-276-2046

Human Resources 541-429-7180

Department of Children and Family Services 541-429-7300

Science & Engineering/Air Quality Burnline 541-429-7080

Enrollment Office 541-429-7035

Senior Center 541-276-0296

Finance Office 541-429-7150

TERF 541-276-4040

Finance – Credit Program 541-429-7155

Confederated Umatilla Journal 541-429-7399

Confederated Umatilla Journal


McIver sentenced in federal court for 2016 Nelson case By the CUJ

PORTLAND – Joseph A. McIver, the man who pleaded guilty in August of 2016 to second-degree manslaughter in the 2016 shooting death of Thadd Nelson, was sentenced by Federal Judge Anna Brown in November to 30 months in prison and three years of supervised release. McIver is one of four men and a woman involved in a botched burglary at a cabin near Meacham that took place Jan. 27, 2016. Early that morning, the vehicle McIver was riding in confronted Nelson’s International Scout in the driveway to the cabin. During the contact, Nelson, unarmed, tried to get out of his vehicle. Two men in the other vehicle - Armando R. Vargas and Edward D. Ayala - shot and killed Nelson at close range and came close to hitting a passenger in his vehicle. Vargas and Ayala have pleaded guilty to manslaughter I and conspiracy to commit burglary, both class A felonies, and will be sentenced Feb. 8. The federal prison time for McIver will run concurrently with the 105 months – more than eight years – that he was sentenced to in Umatilla County Circuit Court following pleas Aug. 16, 2016, to manslaughter and conspiracy to commit burglary. The state court sentenced him to 75 months on the manslaughter charge and a consecutive 30 month sentence on the conspiracy to commit burglary charge. After extensive negotiations, according to a federal sentencing memorandum, McIver pleaded guilty in federal court

to a single count charging him with one count of felony in possession of a firearm. Several federal charges were dismissed because federal sentences would be encompassed within the state prison term. However, Judge Brown ordered, as a condition of supervised release, that McIver be prohibited from entering or remaining on the Umatilla Indian Reservation, except to pass through. Jurisdictional issues, according to the federal sentencing document, complicate many criminal cases in Indian Country, and this case is no exception. “The offenses that took place on the Umatilla Indian Reservation on January 27, 2016, involved violence conducted by non-Indians against an Indian. Violent crimes committed by non-Indians may only be charged in state court,” the document states. “Violent felony offenses committed by non-Indians against [the victim], an Indian, may only be charged in federal court.” The federal sentencing memorandum said McIver’s decision to accept responsibility for his conduct in both state and federal court is significant. “Under the unique facts presented in this case, the recommended sentence will promote respect for the law and provide just punishment for this offense,” the document states. “The sentence would recognize defendant’s role in this offense, provide adequate deterrence to criminal conduct, protect the public, and provide the defendant with an opportunity for educational and vocational training, medical care, or other correctional treatment.”

Sophomores Isaiah Pacheco and Deandre Rodriguez brainstorm about what they would like to see in a new Nixyaawii Community School.

CUJ photos/Lennox Lewis

Kylie Mountainchief, senior, Moses Moses, freshman, and Ivory Herrea, freshman, work on a list of wants and needs that they later presented to architects of the Education Facility planned on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

NCS students tell architects wants, needs for new school

MISSION – Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) students met in November with the architects that will help build their “dream school.” NCS will be part of the 63,000 square foot Education Facility planned on the Bowman Property west of the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center under construction adjacent to the Nixyaawii Governance Center. According to plans, the new high school will open in the fall of 2019. Brainstorming within groups, students told architects what they thought the school needed as well

as what they wanted. Among other things, students suggested higher ceilings, better window views, and better Wi-Fi. Each group presented what they thought was needed for the school and brainstormed ideas for classrooms. A study hall, computer lab, and library were all considered necessities for a new school. Posters helping guide student responses represented educational values such as Spirituality, Language, Respect, Health, Learning Literacy, Traditional Foods, Traditions and Art.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

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December 2017

By Lennox Lewis of the CUJ

Princesses Sequoia and Tayler to reign over 2018 Happy Canyon


ENDLETON – Sequoia Conner and Tayler Craig have been selected as the 2018 Happy Canyon Princesses. Sequoia Conner, 18, is the daughter of Terri Carnes and Marcus Conner. Her maternal grandparents are Angelita Smith and Herb Carnes; paternal grandparents are Virginia Wilkenson and Cecil Conner. Conner is an enrolled member of the San Carlos Apache Tribe in California. Her only sibling is 14-year-old Dylen Conner; he attends Nixyaawii Community School. She graduated from Pendleton High School (PHS) with the class of 2017 and currently attends Blue Mountain Community College (BMCC) planning to major in Business. Before becoming a princess she worked at the local Papa Murphy’s. On her paternal side, she has had nine family members before Casey and Whitney Hunt her serve as either a Happy Canyon Queen or Princess. Her list includes Virginia Wilkenson, 1948 Round-Up Queen; Leah Conner, 1952 Round-Up Queen; Anna Jane Wilkenson, 1958 - Casey Hunt Happy Canyon princess; Ashleigh Wolf, 2002 Happy Canyon Princess; Crystal Pond, 2006 Happy Canyon Princess; Monice Moses, 2007 Happy Canyon Princess; Appollonia Saenz, 2016 Happy Canyon Princess; Virginia Conner and Gabri-

‘They’ll grow in public speaking, social settings in general, horsemanship and culturally.’

ella Lewis, 2017 Happy Canyon Princesses. Tayler Craig, 21, is the daughter of Rachael Hoptowit and Fermore Craig Jr. and is an only child. Her maternal grandparents are Belba Hoptowit and William McLane; her paternal grandparents are Prescilla Craig and Fermore Craig Sr. Craig is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Sequoia Conner Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) and is a 2015 graduate of PHS. Craig attends BMCC as well and is working on general studies and plans to enroll in the nursing program. She is currently one of Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center’s switchboard operators and has been in her position for a year. Craig has had six family members on her maternal side serve in a Happy Canyon Princess role dating back to 1932. The list includes Rosaline Kanine in 1932, Joyce Hoptowit in 1958, Sharon Hoptowit in 1963, Bridget Kalama in 1987, Lucy John in 1998, and Stacy McKay in 1998. On her father’s side, Craig has had four serve in a Happy Canyon role. They are Mary Craig in 1981, Sandra Craig in 1983, Rosaline Hines in 2005, and Josephine Penney in 2015. Directing the court is Casey Hunt and wife Whitney Hunt. Casey is in his second year as the Happy Canyon Court Director. Hunt attended the University of Oregon and moved around often within the past 11 years. He has lived in places such as Houston, Texas, Portland and Eugene. “Both of my parents were involved with the Pendleton Round-Up. When I was younger, I remember my father (Dennis) being a Happy Canyon President and my mother (Colleen) being a Court Director. It’s giving back to the community and putting down my roots,” said Hunt. Both Conner and Craig were going about their daily routine when Hunt called them with the news.

‘I remember being at work making a pizza when my co-worker told me.’

Tayler Craig

‘I was about to care for my horse for the night when I got the call.’

“I remember being at work making a pizza when my co-worker told me, ‘Sequoia there’s someone on the phone for you. Go answer it. Don’t worry about the pizza, I’ll make it,’ and you know what she didn’t even make it, she followed me to the back,” said Conner. According to Conner, all her coworkers surrounded her when she received the news from Hunt. “I tried to keep it under the hat, sorry Casey,” she said. Because of the excitement and joy of the situation, Conner said that one of her fellow coworkers cried when they found out. Craig said “I was about to care for my horse for the night when I got the call,” “At first I looked at the phone number and was hesitant to answer it but I realized it looked

familiar.” After she received the news, she hugged her mom, who asked what the hug was for. When Craig told her, she said, “I knew you would get it!” Both girls said they hope to fulfill their year with joy and growth. They also look forward to participating in the Portland Rose Festival and the Cheyenne Frontier Days. “I hope that at the end of the day they look back on how memorable this experience was,” said Court Director Hunt. “They’ll grow in public speaking, social settings in general, horsemanship and culturally. I want them to have fun and be safe while doing it.” Throughout the year Conner will be riding Bart Simpson, owned by Aaron Hines, and Craig will be traveling with her own horse, Lane Farrow, a 17 year old that stands 15 hands tall.

Elder benefits increase in 2018 CTUIR budget

MISSION – Tribal elders will see an increase in their monthly benefit payments as they grow older, according to the 2018 budget for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). The Board of Trustees (BOT) appropriated an additional $135,900 to fund an increase in the monthly elders’ benefit payments, which will be based on ages once an elder reaches 65 years old. Here’s how it will work: Elders 65-69 will receive $150 per month Elders 70-74 will receive $175 per month Elders 75-79 will receive $200 per month Elders 80-84 will receive $225 per month Elders 85 and older will receive $250 per month

Elders receiving the Elders SSI assistance payment that have not reached the age of 70 will continue to receive the current amount of $160. When they reach the age of 70 they will be incorporated into the rate chart. The new tiered elder payments will start in January of 2018 and continue until changed by the BOT per the requirements in the CTUIR General Welfare Code. The BOT on Nov. 13 adopted the 2018 CTUIR budget, which includes subordinate organizations such as Cayuse Technologies, Wildhorse Resort & Casino, Arrowhead Travel Plaza, Mission Market and Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center. According to a public notice that appears on Page 9,

various sources of tribal income total more than $282 million with more than $251 million approved for the overall operating budgets. The remaining funds will be held over for the 2019 budget. The budget, which was presented to the General Council on Oct. 26, maintains most services at current 2017 levels and provides for a 2 percent cost of living adjustment for CTUIR government employees that will go into effect Jan. 1, 2018. Employees also are eligible to receive merit increases up to 3 percent. Tribal members who want a copy of the 2018 budget should contact BOT Treasurer Doris Wheeler at 541429-7379 or or Paul Rabb, CTUIR Finance Director, at 541-429-7165.

Merry Christmas & a Happy New Year December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Our vision: Our tribal community achieves optimal health through a culture of wellness. Our mission: We strive to empower our Tribal community with opportunities to learn and experience healthy lifestyles.

Y e l l o w h a w k

The following four pages are sponsored by Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center.


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017


N e w s


E v e n t s


Yellowhawk Team Members, from Left to Right: Tammy Moore, Natasha Herrera, Dionne Bronson, Jean Stark and Dawn Harvey. Ray Morin is kneeling. Not pictured were: RaeAnn Oatman, Lindsey Watchmen and Shawna Crane.

Yellowhawk TEAM donates baskets Yellowhawk TEAM gave back to the community on November 17, 2017 by donating 70 food baskets to local CTUIR families. Baskets included a turkey, potatoes, stuffing and desserts. TEAM volunteers assisted with bagging up the food, distributing, and delivering them to families just in time for Thanksgiving.

WRAP UP: Breast Cancer Awareness Month Walk for the Cause By Natasha Herrera, Community Health Representative Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center Community Wellness Program hosted our 2nd Annual Breast Cancer AwareNatasha Herrera ness Walks. The walks were held each Thursday in the month of October with a total of 83 participants and 5 cancer survivors. We were joined by community elder and avid walker; Doctor Ronald Pond who provided a prayer and song. Woman warrior, Alanna Nanegos, breast cancer survivor joined us to share her personal experience. She touched our hearts and left us with, “I am more hopeful than hopeless.� Alanna has been recently diagnosed with stage IV (4) metastatic breast cancer

JOIN US December 2017

of the liver, current testing indicates that her treatment plan is having positive effects. Please send positive thoughts to Alanna and all community members experiencing cancer. Ashley Harding and Heather BrownLowry had 100% participation and both won their own Fitbit Charge 2! Congratulations and thank you for bringing awareness to our community! The walking group also participated in Indigenous Pink Day, on October 19th, a National Breast Cancer Awareness Campaign for American Indians/Alaska Natives. Using hashtag #IndigenousPink and posting photos to social media. Thank you to each one of you who came and supported the mission. This was a time to raise awareness, support cancer survivors and also provided healing to people who have lost a family member or friend from cancer.


Confederated Umatilla Journal



Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Our vision: Our tribal community achieves optimal health through a culture of wellness. Our mission: We strive to empower our Tribal community with opportunities to learn and experience healthy lifestyles.

December 2017

Yellowhawk News & Events

Confederated Umatilla Journal



Carl Sampson Continued from page 5A

Kennedy said Sampson’s first priorities were always his family and his community “but he saved a lot of energy for the rest of us … to make sure that we have a nation that is just, and we protect the environment…” In fact, Sampson became a voice – more than a voice really – for environmentalists, especially when it came to mega loads carrying oil from the tar sands of Canada and oil trains from Montana. The last testimony Carl gave was against a proposal by Tesoro Savage to build an oil terminal in Vancouver, Washington. On Nov. 28, the Washington Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council unanimously recommended the terminal, which would have been the largest in the United States. Linda Sampson said her father would have been cheering at the decision and would have been on the phone with Washington Gov. Jay Inslee, who has the final say, lobbying him to quickly deny the proposal and put an end to the four-year saga. Carl lent his voice to a number of en-

vironmental causes especially over his final years. Mike O’Leary, a spokesman for the Association of Northwest Steelheaders, heard of Carl before he met him. Working with Carl’s oldest daughter, Cathy, an environmental advocate in her own right, O’Leary began helping to coordinate Sampson’s testimony at public hearings. It wasn’t difficult, he said, to convince hearings officers that as a chief, Carl’s testimony should be weighted the same as other official dignitaries and, often, Sampson was first in line. “He scripted himself,” O’Leary said. “There was no scripting Carl. He gave the big picture story. Stewardship if it was one word. He could drive it home with good quotes, but what was wonderful was that his impact went far beyond the hearings. Spokane, Portland, Longview, The Dalles … all the local papers quoted him at the top. They always had pro and con quotes and inevitably Carl would get the conservation quote.” That kind of impact, O’Leary said, reflects the “gravitas” Sampson possessed. “He cast a tall shadow and was im-

Carl Sampson

pactful in the conservation community,” O’Leary said. “He impacted me as a person. He was someone you wanted to impress.” At home, he will be missed and will never be replaced. Armand Minthorn, longtime Longhouse leader, said with Sampson’s passing the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation have lost leadership, teachings and history. “This man, he touched a lot of lives. It’s hoped that he instilled something in those lives, and that his words and his teachings will still go on,” Minthorn said. “It is true. We have a big gap now in our community and it will take a while now to fill it. Probably it will take several people to fill it, that gap. “We have our traditions and our way of life that we have to continue with and it’s our young people that need to step up. This elder here, he set the direction for that. It will be a while for us to cope with it, his loss, but we go on and we go forward the best we can,” Minthorn said. Sampson valued traditional ways of life, including sobriety and a drug-free

lifestyle “walking the good red road of recovery” and placing an emphasis for youth on academics as much as sports, his daughter Cathy Sampson-Kruse said. Thomas Morning Owl, another Longhouse leader, said it is hard to express the loss of a leader like Carl Sampson. “It leaves a void each time a leader’s strengths and knowledge base is taken to the ground with them,” Morning Owl said. “It can never be replaced by a single individual. It is inspired by teachings of leaders, but it will never be as concentrated as it was once before. To experience it in this magnitude is gone. “All the experience, learning and doing is carved from years by an individual, and makes a viable resource almost autonomous. When you lose these types of people you are left to pick up the pieces and that’s so hard to do,” Morning Owl said. “The glass or cup can be knocked over and you can pick up the pieces and try to fix it, but it will never be the same. It’s hard to replace all the teachings out there,” Morning Owl said. “Those people are special to the community.” The community was special to Carl as well, especially the basketball community. Carl and his wife, Arleta, who is battling her own health problems (she underwent another heart surgery on Nov. 29), had two chairs anchored between sets of bleachers at the Mission Community Center for all the community hoop competitions, from five- and six-yearolds at the BAAD Tournament in the spring to Nixyaawii Community School playoff games in the winter. His chair will be empty when the Golden Eagles take the floor in December, but fans of the maroon and gold will know Peo Peo Mox Mox is in the house.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

New GC Chair wants housing changes By Wil Phinney of the CUJ

MISSION – If housing is a key issue for new General Council Chair William Sigo IV, he’s put himself in the right position to influence changes with his new assignment on the Housing Commission for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). But he may have a tussle getting rid of federal housing rules in the projects – the homes managed under federal low-income guidelines. With his new salary, Sigo’s rent will go up under the rules established under the federal HUD – Housing and Urban Development – regulations. No matter, however, because Sigo isn’t looking short term. He wants to see changes that he knows won’t happen immediately. “We need to run housing without federal money so we can manage them. We need to personally fund housing and make our own guidelines instead of jumping through HUD hoops,” Sigo said in an interview shortly after he was elected to the General Council in November. Sigo said he doesn’t like regulations that limit occupancy, income and race. “HUD guidelines should be out if it’s a tribal housing situation,” he said, “so it can be rented and possibly rent to own.” Right now, Sigo said, if residents begin to “make it in the world” they get “cut off at the knees” by current Housing Department income rules. He said that for a number of years his wife did not work just so the family could qualify to stay in a HUD home. “I think we can slowly start to change the process,” Sigo said. “We can take back ownership and be more involved in management.” Sigo is part of the Thompson and Sheoships families on the reservation. He grew up “deeply rooted” in the Thornhollow area. He says he was “literally a river rat” and spent summers from “Sonya’s corner to Thornhollow Bridge” with cousins and friends. His family name is Suquamish from Bainbridge Island in Puget Sound near Seattle. “Sigos are like Minthorns up there. It’s an old family name,” he said. His great-grandparents are Rosa and Joe Thompson. His grandparents are Mabel and Tom Sheoships. Sigo and his wife, Letitia, have three children – William V, a freshman at Nixyaawii Community School (NCS), Isabelle and Alexa, seventh and sixth graders, respectively, at Sunridge Middle School in Pendleton. Sigo said he puts much weight in the advice and teachings of his elders. “I’m not somebody who tells you what I think off the cusp,” he said. “I think out what I’m going to do before I do it. I see a local resource in my elders. My teaching job and language has been deeply embedded in elders and a lot of things I feel are reiterated in what

‘The best way is to be straightforward with the people. If the people have insight that I don’t have, then I need to talk to them and hear from them.’ - William Sigo IV, new General Council Chair

I’ve heard,” Sigo said. “Elders are a priceless resource for us and we need to use them while they are here,” he said, noting that “We also need to be free thinkers.” Sigo said in his new role he wants to voice to the community what tribal government is doing. “The best way is to be straightforward with the people,” he said. “If the people have insight that I don’t have, then I need to talk to them and hear from them.” Sigo, a 1998 graduate of Pendleton High School, earned his Associates Degree from Blue Mountain Community College in 2002. In 2015 he returned to school at Eastern Oregon University and received his degree in Elementary Education. He did student teaching at Lincoln and West Hills grade schools in Pendleton, and did his EOU elementary practicum at McNary Heights in Umatilla. Sigo is “knowledgeable” in Umatilla, Walla Walla and Nez Perce languages, and has been a language teacher at NCS for 11 years. He knows how cramped classrooms are, but he’s not necessarily sold on a new school in the Education Facility planned to the west of the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center adjacent to the Nixyaawii Governance Center. Instead, Sigo would rather see the school at the East Bench site, also known as Wyit View, which was once a housing subdivision before an inadvertent discovery of human remains were found years ago. Even then, the CTUIR General Council voted to proceed with housing at the site after the subdivision plats were changed to protect the remains. However, BOT Chair Gary Burke has never allowed the subject to be placed on the agenda for any discussion since that GC vote. Sigo said he thinks the old Yellowhawk building would accommodate students at NCS for the next few years because, he noted, the Education Facility may be limited in size already.

The Language Program, he said, is “squeezed in there to suit our needs” and putting NCS there would cause “congestion.” Before the election, the Board of Trustees voted to include NCS in the Education Facility so Sigo’s idea likely won’t go anywhere. And, when pressed about it, he said “placement is not as important as square footage.” “It could be down there or up here, but it has to have functioning space,” Sigo said. “We don’t want to put up a new building and then have to renovate it. We need to do

it right the first time.” Sigo’s views on a couple of other key issues follow: Marijuana He’s okay with medical marijuana. “A lot of elders stated it’s a better pain killer than pills. I was surprised to hear that but if it helps it helps,” Sigo said. “I’m not so much a fan of recreational because I don’t want to be one of those tribes with all the pot shops,” he said. However, he added, “I do see the advantage of creating another per capita.” Climate Change “I’d like to see solar panels on the project homes, even at Cay-Uma-Wa and the school,” Sigo said. He’d like to see a CTUIR Energy Department with its own techs to maintain wind turbines and solar panels. Sigo said he would like to see wind mills provide power for NGC and Mission Market as well as sections of tribal housing. “That would increase our sovereignty,” he said. “We have a lot of sun and we should use it. We have a lot of wind and we should let it work for us,” he said. “I’d like to see that more than see all the grads go to [work at] the casino.” Alcohol and drugs Sigo said he sees heroin and meth problems every day. The best way to address the problem, he said, is to offer alternatives for young people. “I know kids that I see addicted to drugs and alcohol,” he said. “It comes down to opportunities. I think it could be affected by opportunities provided to youth and tribal members in general. The long-term issue for all tribes is poverty. Jobs is what we need to get out of poverty for self-esteem and overall health, to be happy with life.”

First Autism Awareness Conference held at YTHC By Miranda Vega Rector of the CUJ

MISSION – The first Community Autism Awareness Conference in Mission was held Nov. 20 by Yellowhawk Systems of Care at Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center (YTHC). The one-day conference featured guest speakers Christine and Clifton Bruno from Troutdale who have four sons, three of whom are on the autism spectrum. The afternoon consisted of three panels – individuals with autism, parents with autistic children, and grandparents of those on the spectrum. Moderating the discussion was Sissy Falcon, Special Projects with Autism from YTHC. Destiny Gone, 23 years old, was one of the individuals who spoke on the first panel. Gone was diagnosed four years

December 2017

ago at 19 years old shortly after graduating from Pendleton High School (PHS). “It took six months” to get a diagnosis said Gone, “It was helpful. I actually felt relief knowing what the problem was instead of thinking like I was dumb and stupid.” Gone went on to explain that people told her she was stupid and teachers would make her feel that way. Although she now has a place of her own and is able to pay her bills, Gone did suffer some hard times, including homelessness and sleeping in a bag on a sidewalk in Walla

Walla. Through help and resources she received in Mission, she has been able to turn her life around. Falcon asked the panel what they need from the Mission community. “Patience and kindness regarding the spectrum … understanding,” said John Edmo, 29, who was also on the panel of individuals with autism. “It’s not curable or a disease, it’s natural.” Edmo also said he sees disabled kids getting picked on. “I call it bullying,” he said, and that people who see it “need to stop it as soon as they can.” As for school, “I think the school system is a joke for disabled people,” said Edmo. “Tell the school you need to have a plan for us. It’s not our fault we have autism.”

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Marielle “Mari” Mills, 16, was another participant on the panel. Mills said she wants to work with children when she is older and this summer began working at the Átaw Miyánašma Learning Center and enjoyed it. Many of the parents and grandparents who spoke were brought to tears as they shared their experiences raising children with autism. They talked about their fears, which included the possibility of their loved ones being bullied, and their childrens’ future. Some shared that they dealt with negative comments from family members calling them a bad parent, and another said that at 6 years old their child is already struggling in the school system, so they made the choice to home See Autism Awareness on page 23A


General Council officers, led by Secretary Shawna Gavin and ViceChair Michael Ray Johnson, shake hands with Board of Trustees officers and at-large members after they were sworn-in by Tribal Court Judge William Johnson in the General Council Chambers at Nixyaawii Governance Center Nov. 29.

GC, BOT swearing in Continued from page 3A

In an email to the CUJ explaing her decision not to appeal, Radford wrote: “Have given it some thought and talked with my elders. I will be taking another strategy to bring awareness to more of a herbal council forum and route. I won’t be requesting a recount, everything should proceed as planned. However, I just want to ensure that the process for the next election is a fair one.” The CTUIR has a new treasurer with Doris Wheeler winning with 71 percent of the vote, 526-207, over Eugena Stacona. Wheeler is a newcomer to politics, but joins the BOT from her former job as an accountant in the Tribes’ Finance Department. Gary Burke retained his seat as Chair of the Board of Trustees and faced no serious challenge from Elwood Patawa, who served as BOT Chair from 1982-1993 and again in 2010 before resigning in 2011. Burke won with 57 percent of the vote, 423-296. In his remarks, Burke reminded people witnessing the ceremony that it can take longer than a single two-year term to start and accomplish goals. “It takes a little longer than two years to make things happen. Things don’t just happen,” he said. “It takes time to make plans right.” Burke said being on the BOT is “a lot of hard work,” which includes “talking and explaining how things happen, why they happen, when they happen … explain to people the decisions we make.” He thanked CTUIR employees who “get up every morning and come to work” saying “you’re the real hard workers.”

N. Kathryn “Kat” Brigham regained her seat as BOT Secretary, a position she had held from 2006-2015. The seat had been vacant for several months following the recall of David Close. Brigham received nearly 56 percent of the vote in defeating Cedric Wildbill, 410-316. Voters returned two incumbents as BOT at-large members, but did not reelect Armand Minthorn, who had served 20 of the last 22 years. Minthorn finished with the fifth most votes. Returned were incumbents Aaron Ashley, who received the most votes with 345. Incumbent Woodrow Star was elected with 310 votes. Receiving one more vote, at 311, was Rosenda Shippentower, who stepped down as BOT Treasurer, to run for an at-large seat. The fourth at-large seat went to newcomer Sally Kosey. Other at-large candidates, listed by order of finish sixth-through-13th were Jill-Marie Gavin 274, Helen Morrison 230, Robert Shippentower 220, David Wolf 213, John Sampson 143, Scott Minthorn 120, write-in Shawn Joseph 43, and Terry Parish 35. There were no races for General Council vice-chair or secretary. Michael Ray Johnson won the vice-chair position with 638 votes with 44 other votes going to write-ins. His sister, Shawna Gavin, won the secretary position with 623 votes with three-dozen write-ins. Morning Owl won the write-in for interpreter with 136 votes; Fred Hill received 53 write-in votes and Kristen Parr received 20 write-in votes. Overall, 597 ballots were cast at the polls with another 161 absentee ballots cast for a total of 758 valid ballots. The Election Commission reported 28 “invalid/spoiled ballots eliminated.”

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Members of the Board of Trustees, from left, Doris Wheeler, Kat Brigham, Gary Burke, Aaron Ashley, Woodrow Star, Rosenda Shippentower, and Sally Kosey take the oath of office while General Council officers look on. General Council Chair William Sigo IV is behind Kosey.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Newly elected members of the Youth Council and the Junior Youth Council braved cold winds for a photo after they took oaths of office on Nov. 29 at the Nixyaawii Governance Center. They took their oaths at the same time as newly elected officers and members of the Board of Trustees and General Council for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The student leaders include, top row from left, Chloe Bevis, Latis Nowland, Keyen Singer, Jadeen Looney, Ava Zamudio, Grace Moses-Watchman, Alyric Red Crane Bronson and Bryson Red Crane Bronson. Bottom row from left, JuJu Matamoros, Zech Cyr, Moses Moses, Rueben Bronson, Enoch Crane (kneeling), Luis Ortega Jr., Dazon Sigo, Vincent Sheoships, Maddox Joseph McConville and Sidalee Baker. CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

Youth Councils gather for Summit

Zech Cyr, the newly elected Youth Council Chair for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, speaks at the swearing-in ceremony Nov. 29 in the General Council Chambers at Nixyaawii Governance Center. Cyr thanked his family and Julie Taylor, who was instrumental in establishing the youth councils. His parents, Cyr said, told him he could be a leader, and Taylor, director of the Tribes’ Department of Children and Family Services, gave him the opportunity. This is Cyr’s third year on the Council While in middle school Cyr said he “didn’t care” but his mind changed when he “stepped out of his comfort zone” and joined the Youth Council. “It was the best choice I made in my life,” he told the overflow audience witnessing the swearing-in ceremony.

The Senior Youth Leadership Council and Junior Youth Council for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation held their first meeting Dec. 3 at the Nixyaawii Governance Center (NGC). At that meeting they reviewed their constitution and by-laws, mission statement and bill of rights. They also voted to appoint their publicist and cultural ambassador for the 2017-2018 year. The youth meet each Sunday to discuss upcoming trainings, travel and community service opportunities. Advisors for the council attend the meetings and will be helping them plan their retreat and next leadership summit. They will meet Dec. 10 at the NGC.

CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

Lyndsay Pasena-Littlesky, left, and Latis Nowland, play a game called “Fancy Feet” during a Youth Council Summit on Nov. 18 and 19 at the Nixyaawii Governance Center. Among the events during the two-day summit was election of officers. CUJ photo/Sammantha McCloud

Dionne Bronson led youth in tai chi exercises during a Youth Summit at the Nixyaawii Governance Center in November. More than 25 young leaders from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation turned out for the two-day weekend. Elections were held for the high school and middle school councils. CUJ photo/Sammantha McCloud

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Wilbur Oatman, a senior at Nixyaawii Community School, led dancers at Washington Elementary School during a Native American Heritage Month event on Nov. 28. More than three dozen dancers from grade school to high school participated in the event. The Nixyaawii Drummers provided the music at several events during the month-long celebration, which took members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation to several area schools and to the Hanford Reach Interpretive Center in Richland, Washington. Drummers who can be LGHQWLÂżHGKHUHLQFOXGH Lucus Arellanes and Isaiah Pacheco. CUJ photo/Phinney

CUJ photo/Phinney

Native American Heritage Month

Jaedean Looney smiles while Ashlynn Looney intently watches the boys dance. Richinda Looney, far right, peeks out to see what’s going on during the Native American Heritage Day event at Washington School.

Sheldon Joseph, right, a fourth grader at Washington Elementary, performs during Native American Heritage Month in November. Mildred Quaempts, left, laughs while speaking to children about Native American Heritage Month at the Pendleton Early Learning Center.

CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

From left, Dazha Joseph, Elizabeth Bevis and Abi Ford wait to perform in front of fellow students at the Pendleton Early Learning Center. The three girls are all in kindergarten.


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

The Nixyaawii Drummers led by Fred Hill performed at Native American Heritage Month events at several schools in the area, including Washington Elementary in Pendleton. Hill, a language and history teacher at Nixyaawii Community School, was joined by other adults including Thomas Morning Owl (his right cheek) on the left. Other drummers identifiable in the picture include, from left, Pierce Watchman, Deven Barkley, Lucus Arellanes, Isaiah Pacheco, Robert Windy Boy, and the cheek of Trayton Bale.

Avery Quaempts, left, a fifth grader, and Kalyssa Fuentes, a fourth grader, at Washington Elementary in Pendleton, perform in their jingle dress outfits in front of hundreds of students.

December 2017

Ellis Ashley, a fifth grader at Washington Elementary, was one of the many dancers to perform at the event on Nov. 28.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Fallyn Plume and Quincy Sams, kindergarteners, performed the ‘Owl’ dance at the Pendleton Early Learning Center.


Yellowstone bison Continued from page 2A

But they counted fewer than 850 in the central herd — a more than 40 percent decrease from 2016. PJ White, a Yellowstone biologist, said that means the herds are intermingling and that members of the central herd are likely migrating out on the north side of the park, where 92 percent of the removals take place. “The continued culling and even harvest in the north will continue to remove many central herd animals,” White said. Scheeler, the CTUIR Wildlife Program Manager, said that finding should lead to a conservative removal goal so biologists can further study the impact of a decline in the central herd. “We took a big bite last year,” Scheeler said. “In doing so, we found a secondary impact we weren’t expecting.” Scheeler and others argued that the data should lead to limited use of the trap, which hunters worry will capture bison they could otherwise shoot. But others pushed back, saying hunting alone won’t reach the removal goal and that they don’t want to allow the population to grow. “We could have a mild winter and not many bison (leaving the park),” said Mike Volesky, chief of operations for Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks. “There’s some danger of not taking advantage of the opportunity.” Talks between Yellowstone and the tribes will continue in the coming weeks

Culling bison from two Yellowstone herds was the topic at a meeting in Montana in November. The CTUIR had three representatives at the meeting.

on exact protocols for the operation of the trap. Park officials said that they’d like to consistently have between 250 and 400 bison north of Mammoth Hot Springs, which they believe will provide enough bison for hunters and trapping. Hunting safety near Gardiner has also been a concern in recent years, and four of the five tribal governments that send hunters there have forged an agreement meant to address it. Wolf said the plan includes a limit on the number of hunters allowed there at one time, but he didn’t offer any further detail.

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December 2017


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Sitting on a panel for parents with autistic children is, from left, Winnie Burnette, Melinda Alexander, and Cree Enright during the Community Autism Awareness Conference at Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center.

Autism Awareness Continued from page 17A

school while working a full-time job. “We got Mari’s diagnosis at 18 months,” said RaeAnne Oatman, Mill’s mother. “We took it head on by the horns and got her the services that she needed.” As advice to other parents, Oatman said, “Always be flexible, you cannot be rigid because you’re expectations cannot be met.” “I have to thank my son and his autism for making me a kinder person,” said Winnie Burnette, a volunteer representative of the Autism Society of Oregon. Several others with autism and those with autistic children were in the audience, as well as several representatives including some from PHS, Nixyaawii Community School, and Eastern Oregon Center for Independent Living.

December 2017

Melinda A l e x a n der, whose 15-year-old son, Stanley AlexanderSpino, is autistic, said she thinks everybody should experience an autistic kid. “They’re cool kids … innocent … John Edmo sits on a panel he can’t lie, during the Autism Awareness Conference and listens as a doesn’t steal fellow panel member shares … t h e y ’ r e her experience with autism. just innocent. Well that’s my son, he’s a lovable guy,” she said.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

News & Sports The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon



December 2017


Tyasin Burns, a freshman for Nixyaawii, drives down the lane DJDLQVW6WDQ¿HOG







CUJ Sports

Tyanna Van Pelt shoots over a Stanfield defender in the first half of Nixyaawii’s win Dec. 4. The Golden Eagles thumped Dufur on Dec. 1 to start the season 2-0 with hopes of going undefeated again.

On the bench at the end of the game with Coach Jeremy Maddern are Nixyaawii's starting five, sitting left to right: Kaitlynn Melton, Mary Stewart, Milan Schimmel, Ella Mae Looney and Ermia Butler. The first four are returning seniors. Butler is a sophomore.

NCS girls in ‘best place to be' with target on their backs

Susie Patrick negotiates the baseline Stanfield’s Savannah Sharp while NCS’s Milan Schimmel watches in back.


STANFIELD – The defending state champion Golden Eagles girls’ basketball team started where they left off last year with a pair of blow-out wins over Dufur and Stanfield as the 2017-18 hoop season began. The girls won games on the road, whipping Dufur 62-25 and then Class 2A Stanfield 64-19. Both games were over midway through the first quarter. Against Dufur, Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) had an 18-2 first quarter lead and against Stanfield the first quarter lead was 21-2. NCS spread the scoring around in both games. On the first night, Kaitlynn Melton poured in 19, Mary Stewart added 17, and Tristalyn Melton pitched in 11 as the double-digit scorers. On the second night, Stewart – last year’s Player of the Year – led the scoring with 21, but Milan Schimmel, playing in her first game, scored 19 points with 13 coming in the first half. Ella Mae Looney, the defensive harasser on the squad, scored 9. Last year’s champs, who went 27-0, want to go undefeated again and with four senior returning starters things look pretty good. “We are very experienced, very good, very composed and we’re going to be tough to beat,” Coach Jeremy Maddern said. However, Nixyaawii is not going to surprise anybody. “We know we’re going to get everybody’s best game. As long as we have this streak we’re going to be a target for every team. We have to bring our A game every night, but it’s the best place to be,” Maddern said. By the way, Maddern has looked it up. In the last 40 years, teams have gone back-to-back to win titles, but no team has won back-to-back titles and gone undefeated two years in a row.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Kylie Mountainchief wrestles the ball away from two Stanfield defenders in the Golden Eagles’ 64-19 win Dec. 4.

Milan Schimmel drives to the hoop past a Stanfield defender while teammate Kaitlynn Melton follows. Schimmel scored 19 points in her first game. CUJ photos/Phinney

December 2017

CUJ Community News

Reaching out to Hanford Thirty youngsters, part of the Nixyaawii Dance Troupe, participated in a Hanford Reach Interpretive Center event as part of Native American Awareness Month in Richland in November. Tribal member Curtis Bearchum, who lives in Tri-Cities, organized the visit. He explained to the visitors at The Reach Museum about the dances while Fred Hill explained about tribal regalia and different dances. Hill also led the Nixyaawii Drummers from Nixyaawii Community School. Pictured here are, front row kneeling from left, Bryson Bronson, Quincy Sams and Enoch Crane; second row from left, Jackson Tappo, Jayleese Creger, Cecelia Morning Owl, Ella Watson, Nevah Moore, Liana Higheagle, Hiyuum Nowland, Wyatt Weathers, Adam Bauer, Sistine Moses, Dancing Star Leighton; back row from left, unknown girl who joined the Nixyaawii group, Grace Watchman leaning out, Adison Kosey in front of the elk antlers, Amariana Willingham, Kelsey Burns, Julianah Matamoros, Brianah Matamoros, Zoey Bevis, John Withers, Ella Stewart, Pierce Watchman, Tretyon Enick, and Kiona Rodriguez. Courtesy of Sally Kosey

Edmo recalls Celilo Falls

PENDLETON – Ed Edmo talked about Celilo Falls, a subject he knows intimately, at the Blue Mountain Community College Theater in November. For 40 years Edmo has done lectures and monologues on both cultural understanding and awareness. He resides in Portland and often does guided tours of the “She Who Watches” petroglyphs on the Columbia Gorge. At one point, Celilo Falls was one of the most productive fishing sites in the Northwest and was a major gathering place and market where tribes exchanged goods. Edmo explained the lifestyle on the river and how Indians created the village for permanent residency. In 1953, construction began on The Dalles Dam and the end result in 1957 was inundation of Celilo Falls. Since the dam impacted fishing sites, the United States government negotiated a settlement with the tribes to compensate for the lost sites. When construction was finished, “Celilo Lake” flooded Celilo Village, forcing residents to move to higher ground. Today, Celilo Village is a Native community based along the basalt cliffs east of Biggs. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers rebuilt houses and the Longhouse there several years ago. Residents along the river come mostly from the Warm Springs Reservation and Yakama Nation, plus the Umatilla and Nez Perce tribes.

December 2017

Nicht-Yow-Way Elder Christmas Lunch Dec. 19 MISSION – The Nicht-Yow-Way Elder Christmas Lunch will be held Dec. 19 at 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Mission Longhouse. Entertainment will be lead by Sissy Falcon and the Cay-Uma-Wa Headstart will sing Christmas Carols. Anson Crane will also be the DJ for the event. Santa will also be in attendance. The Youth Council will be making Christmas decorations for the table. Lunch will be served at noon.

St. Mary’s Bazaar in Pendleton Dec. 9

Storyteller Ed Edmo spoke at Blue Mountain Community College. CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

Confederated Umatilla Journal

PENDLETON - St. Mary’s Bazaar will be held on Dec. 9 at the St. Mary’s Catholic Church from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. There will be brunch, lunch and desserts. Vendors will be selling a variety of handcrafted items. All proceeds will go to support the needy in our community. A $1 fee gives admission and a raffle ticket. Vendor space is available for $60. For more information call 541-2762751.


Community News

Shahala Hugues and Traves White, students at the Pendleton Early Learning Center, were recognized at the meeting. Shahala was recognized for following directions with a smile and for having a positive attitutide, perseverence, and being friendly on the playground. Traves was recognized for being on time and ready to learn, as well as for being a hard worker and showing perseverance when learning new things.

Alyssa Oertwich was recognized for being a model of perseverance and a positive attitude. She is kind and cares about others, their needs, and their feelings, said teacher Angela Johnson. “A student like Alyssa is the reason a teacher continues to teach,” Johnson said. Richard Oertwich was recognized is a practical and hard-working student who takes great pride in his work and in himself. He now offers advice to those that face challenges and is a model of fairness and cooperation. “Richard sets the standard for doing what is right even when no one is looking,” his teacher, Mrs. Johnson, said.

Denise Morning Owl, second grade, and Harley Gone, fourth grade, were recognized as outstanding students at Washington Elementary School during the Pendleton School Board meeting in November. There to help celebrate was teacher Gloria Schmidt, left, and Rachel Guardipee, Indian Education Coordinator.

Outstanding students recognized at Pendleton School Board meeting Native American students from seven schools in the Pendleton School District 16R were recognized for excellent grades, attendance, behavior and leadership at the District’s Board meeting held at Wildhorse Casino Nov. 13. Each year the Pendleton School Board holds a meeting on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Students recognized represented the Pendleton Early Learning Center, Washington Elementary, Sherwood Elementary, McKay Elementary, Sunridge Middle School, Pendleton High School, and Nixyaawii Community School. (Nixyaawii students Milan Schimmel and Lucas Arellanes did not attend.)

McKay Elementary School Principal Ronda Smith stands with Myles Minthorn, a third grader, and his sister, Dakota, a fifth grader, when they were honored at the Pendleton School District 16R regular board meeting held at Wildhorse Casino Nov. 13. Myles was honored for being an excellent citizen, a great friend, and a “super-duper” student. He is trustworthy, respectful and responsible, Smith said.

Students from Pendleton High School who were recognized at the Pendleton School District 16R meeting in November were, from left, Cheyenne Bronson (leadership through action, great attendance and grades), Denae Smith (three-sport athlete, other activities such as volunteering with ASTRA, youth sports and Pendleton Parks and Rec), and Zech Cyr (leadership and attendance)

Four eighth graders from Sunridge Middle School recognized for excellent grades, attendance and behavior were, from left, Owen Anceta, Muriel Jones-Hoisington, Clara Sams, and Greyson Sams. Assistant Principal Jared Tesch, and Principal David Williams attended. “The students all are involved in athletics and are looked to as leaders in our school by both teachers and peers,” said Williams.


TAPP night at Washington Students who took part in the Tribal Attendance Pilot Project (TAPP) event at Washington Elementary included, front row from left, Alice Thompson,Tayla Enick, Denise Morning Owl, Ava Jackson, Ciicyle Thompson, Marcellus Scott, Delbert Brunoe, Kymani VanPelt and Kateri Spencer; and back row from left, Tristan Burns, Deandre Minthorn, Harley Gone, Arianna Britton, Kindle Spencer and Haiden Thompson. Students are holding certificates for perfect attendance for the year or the month of October. The TAPP event included dinner for families, a guest speaker from Cason’s Place and activities for children. The next TAPP night is scheduled Dec. 12 at 6 p.m. Dinner will be provided and a special guest from the North Pole is expected to arrive.


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Ezmae Hoisington is eyeing the stack of blocks being assembled by Wahpe Paradise.

During the Thanksgiving luncheon held by the Cay-Uma-Wa Headstart, families spent time playing with magnetic blocks. Above, Ki'iis Taula and his dad Iosefa Taula build a pyramid.

Cay-Uma-Wa families celebrate Thanksgiving

Loren Sampson concentrates on building a large pillar of magnetic blocks at the Mission Longhouse where the CayUma-Wa Headstart luncheon was held.

Family portraits were taken by Dallas Dick of Red Elk Photography after the thanksgiving meal. Dick was hired as a contract photographer and will be returning for the Christmas luncheon scheduled for Dec. 19 at 5:30 p.m. at the Longhouse. Pictured, from left, is Ronnie Elisoff, Valerie Thompson,Tracey Elisoff, and Maya Thompson.

Photos by Jill-Marie Gavin

Celebrate the Season at

“Jingle Berry Rocks”


Happy Birthday from all of us Recycle & save the Earth for future generations December 2017

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Confederated Umatilla Journal


The Milton Freewater Neighborhood Senior Center, once a depot of the Union Pacific Railroad, renovated parking lot over the summer with money recieved, in part, by the Wildhorse Foundation.

Where is the Foundation money going? By Miranda Vega Rector of the CUJ

MILTON-FREEWATER – The Milton-Freewater (M-F) Neighborhood Senior Center relied on three contributors, including the Wildhorse Foundation, to help cover the $22,500 needed to cover costs to provide a safe parking area for members and guests. The senior center is located in the building that was once a Union Pacific Railroad (UP) Depot. UP Judy Hammor donated it to the M-F seniors in 1975. Since then, they have served seniors 55 years and older

from M-F, Athena-Weston, Helix, and other rural communities around the area. They provide meals on Tuesdays and Fridays, and it is a place for social gathering. Pinochle games are held every Friday evening, country music jamborees are monthly, and clothes, puzzles, and books are always available to their members. “A new parking lot is important because of the age of our patrons,” said Judy Hammor, Board Secretary. “We have a lot who use walkers and canes.” Hammor said that the parking lot had pot holes, low spots, and other areas that were disintegrating. The renovations were long overdue. Hammor explained that the parking lot had been in need of renovations since 2007, according to their board minutes, but no action had been taken. However, because of the recent condi-

tion, they knew that if they continued to wait on the repairs the cost would increase. To afford the cost of the project, Hammor worked with other board members to apply for grants and request donations. The senior center received $5,000 from The Wildhorse Foundation, $5,000 from The MiltonFreewater Area Foundation, and $500 from Baker Boyer Bank. To pay the remaining $12,000, the senior center dipped into their maintenance fund, which is accrued through fundraisers like rummage sales, grants, and profits from renting out their building for private events. The Wildhorse Foundation money was used to resurface and repair asphalt, including cleaning, tacking, and pre-leveling. It also funded the 1.5-inch overlay. The only thing it didn’t cover

‘A new parking lot is important because of the age of our patrons. We have a lot who use walkers and canes.’ - Judy Hammor, Board Secretary

was the striping and wiring that was built in for a future digital business sign. “It’s very pleasing now that we have it all done,” said Hammor. “My gosh it looks great.” Hammor also said that they received many positive responses to their Facebook photos that showed the freshly completed lot. Next, they will next be raising funds for a fire suppression system for the kitchen. It will cost about $2,600. They also want to get a digital business sign to post their events, lunch menu, and fundraising efforts. Signs like that cost between $8,000 and $10,000. They already have their next fundraisers planned. They will be hosting a cookie walk that will display 25 types of cookies, cookie mixes, and six different candies made by the Mcloughlin (Mac-Hi) High School’s Culinary Arts class. This is scheduled for Dec. 9 from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. They are also doing a raffle fundraiser for a $100 gift certificate to the Long Branch Café and Saloon in Weston. On Yelp, a business reviewing site, the restaurant has a four star review (five stars is the maximum a business can get). The raffle tickets are being sold two for $5 or five for $10. For inquiries, follow the M-F Neighborhood Senior Center on Facebook or call 541-938-3311. “Where is the Foundation money going” is part of a series of articles that shows how money from the Wildhorse Foundation is spent. The Wildhorse Foundation is a community benefit fund established by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation to support organizations in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. For eligibility requirements, visit


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Quannah Picard, a senior of Nixyaawii Community School, looked “down the sights” and took aim during the conference in which students talked about healthy relationships.

Ryan Oatman, left, and Ashton Picard, Nixyaawii Community School alumni, were presenters who came from the Nez Perce Tribe for the healthy relationships workshop.

Students attend ‘Healthy Relationships’ conference MISSION – Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) students talked about healthy conflict resolution, communication, healthy sexuality and balance in relationships at a recent conference. A healthy relationship is defined as two people who develop a connection based on mutual respect, trust and honesty. “These are important things to know because it is common to have an unhealthy relationship or addiction. It was great seeing everyone participate in the activities, overall it was a good day,” said NCS senior Kaitlynn Melton. At the end of the day students evaluated what they had learned and brainstormed together on what would help moving forward. Things such as exercising, reading, praying, healthy eating,

water consumption, and boosting knowledge were all discussed as solutions. The Nez Perce Social Services and I Vision Nez Perce Youth Project staff hosted the conference for the students. Staff included Ryan Oatman, Teresa Leighton, Tia Hernandez, Amanda Lopez, Orlando Villavicencio and NCS alumni Ashton Picard. Mental health was one of the bigger topics as Melton said, “It [mental health] is a huge thing now. I think the conversation was a start to a long process of improvement.” According to an estimated 26 percent of Americans, over the age of 18, suffer from mental health issues. Depressive illnesses often co-occur with substance abuse and anxiety disorders.”

Playing a game of “Sweep your Tepee,” three freshman - Alexia Laib in purple, Adilia Hart kneeling, and Allyson Maddern,right - attended the Healthy Relationships Training that was put on by the Native Wellness Program from the Nez Perce Tribe. CUJ photos/Lennox Lewis

We Wish you a very Merry Christmas & We’re grateful for all your support!

Cherise Stewart Baker and Dena Summerfield 36 SW Court Ave, Pendleton, OR 97801 541.276.3617 Open Mon-Fri 10-5, Sat 10-2

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


‘Race & Place’ in Oregon topic at Tamastslikt PEPSI PRIMETIME @ THE MUSEUM Nov. 16 free MISSION – “Race & Place: Racism and Resilience in Oregon’s Past” is the topic for a Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum presentation Saturday, Dec. 16, from 1-2:30 p.m. at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Admission is free. Facilitators Anita Yap and Traci Price lead the conversation in this series of the Oregon Humanities Conversation

Project. Both women work with the Multicultural Collaborative, a consulting group that helps organizations and businesses engage with diverse communities for equity and capacity building, and are active in a variety of community councils and boards. Many Oregonians envision a future that includes communities built on values of diversity, equity, and inclusion, according to a Tamastslikt news release. “At the same time, we live in a society that marginalizes and excludes people of

color,” the release states. “This discussion looks at how Oregon’s history of racism influences our present and asks how understanding historic and current impacts of racism in Oregon contribute to our sense of place and vision of the future. How can diversity and inclusion create thriving communities?” The Conversation Project brings Oregonians together to talk - across differences, beliefs, and backgrounds - about important issues and ideas. The goal is to connect people to ideas and to each

Call for Entries to Plateau Indian Artists Public Art Sculpture - Main Street Joseph Josepḥy Center for Arts and Culture $25,000 + production costs awarded to winning artist for 2019 installation  Submissions due Jan. 15, 2018   Call Rich Wandschneider 541-432-0505 or email rich@ Supported by a Creative Heights Grant from the Oregon Community Foundation


other, not to push an agenda or arrive at consensus. The Project is built on the fact that conversation is a powerful medium to invite diverse perspectives, explore challenging questions, and strive for just communities. Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum is free and open to the public. Refreshments will be served. For more information, go to www. Tamástslikt Cultural Institute is owned and operated by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Tamástslikt operates a museum store, café, and offers meeting room rentals. Tamástslikt is open six days a week, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday-Saturday; closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year’s Day. Kinship Café is open from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. on the same days the museum is open. Free admission to the museum is offered on the first Friday of every month. Tamástslikt is located at 47106 Wildhorse Boulevard at the far end of the main driveway of the Wildhorse Resort & Casino, 10 minutes east of Pendleton, Oregon. Tamástslikt can be reached via Exit 216 off Interstate I-84 or by following the “Mission-La Grande” sign south off Highway 11 onto Highway 331. For more information, contact Tamástslikt Cultural Institute at 541-429-7700 or visit

Let it Snow!

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017


in unity to show support for people living with HIV, commemorate those who have died from AIDS related illness, commit to the campaign to end HIV and eliminate HIV related stigma and health disparities.

For more info visit:

Happy Turkey Day Lauren Burke hands Curtis Bearchum a free turkey outside of the Nicht-Yow-Way Senior Center on Nov. 20, the Monday before Thanksgiving. The Department of Children and Family Services of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservaion (CTUIR) distributed 190 frozen turkeys, handing them to elders 55 years and older. Over at the Nixyaawii Governance Center, Tribal employees and commission/committee members also received a free fresh Butterball turkey. Both giveaways were courtesy of the CTUIR.

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


BMCC Winter class deadline Dec. 15 PENDLETON – Admission deadline for the 2018 winter term at Blue Mountain Community College is Dec. 15. Winter classes begin Jan. 8, 2018. New students must complete an online application, attend new student orientation, take placement testing, and meet with a success coach to schedule winter term classes. Contact Annie Smith, Native American Liaison and Success Coach, for more information at or 541-278-5935.

Happy 21st Virg!!!

Love, Gus, Nessa, Rachel, Apples

Introducing 2018 Round-Up Court PENDLETON – The Pendleton RoundUp 2018 Queen and Court are introduced. Pendleton Round-Up Queen Betsy West and four princesses were introduced at a breakfast on November hosted at the home of Dr. Doug Corey. They will reign throughout 2018 and over the 108th annual Pendleton Round-Up. Queen Betsy West is the twentyBetsy West one year old daughter of Clay and Mary West of Athena, Oregon. West is currently seeking a health sciences major at the College of Idaho with intent to pursue nursing with double minors in Spanish and Sociology and Human Services. Princess Josilyn Fullerton of Dayton, Washington is the eighteen year old daughter of Greg and Nikki Fullerton. Fullerton graduated last spring from Dayton High School where she was honored Josilyn Fullerton with an All-State Selection in Volleyball, Most Inspirational in Basketball, FFA Chapter President

with many top district and state accomplishments, and a member of National Honor Society. Fullerton now attends Walla Walla Community College studying Agriculture Business and Animal Science. Princess Elizabeth Herbes is the nineteen year old daughter of Mike and Janet Herbes of Union, Oregon. She is a storied graduate of Union High School, having achieved OSAA Elizabeth Herbes First Team All- State selections for both Cross Country and Track and Field. She also took leadership roles in FFA. She was a member of the FBLA, National Honor Society and National Society for High School Scholars. Herbes started her Round-Up volunteer service at age six carrying pennants and helping her mother usher. She also participates in the Happy Canyon Pageant and helps at the VFW Cowboy Kaelyn Lindsay Breakfast. Princess Kaelyn Lindsay is the nine-

teen year old daughter of Barney and Kimberly Lindsay of Lexington, Oregon. She graduated from Heppner High School in 2016 where she was team captain her senior year in volleyball, basketball, and track. She also excelled in 4-H, Drama, FFA, and was recognized as the FBLA State Champion in Banking and Financial Systems. She now Charla Simons attends Blue Mount a i n C ommun it y College pursuing a degree in nursing, where she made this winter’s Dean’s List. Princess Charla Simons is the nineteen year old daughter of Tim and Janet Simons of Pendleton, Oregon. She is a 2016 graduate of Pendleton High School. Charla was Rhythmic Mode Dance Team Captain her junior and senior years, and was named to the All-State Team (dance). Simons has danced in the Happy Canyon Pageant for five years. Simons is a sophomore at Oregon State University working on a major in Human Development and Family Services with Pre-Nursing pre-requisites. The Pendleton Round-Up is the largest four-day rodeo in America with the PRCA’s fifth richest contestant prize money purse.

PROPERTIES FOR SALE ON THE RESERVATION SADDLE UP RANCH - Great 41 acre horse facilityirrigated paddocks, w/sheds,indoor arena, 18 stalls, and two barns. 2 bedroon 1 bath attached apartment to barn, solid set sprinklers, auto waterers, wash racks-all you need for your horse training!!! Water rights and great view!!! $1,100,000. rmls 17198197. Call Ned for more info 509-386-7541. • Take a look at this buildable 10 acres with a great view on the reservation. Close to I-84 with tremendous views of the blues. Fully fenced and a creek runs thru it!!! All for $133,500. Rmls 11657442. Call Milne for more information 541-377-7787. Pr •New listing 305.86 acres, water rights, Red ice ucti 3 homes, barn shops, grainery, 7 grains on! bins, saddle shed. 150 acres in spring barley, 156 in summer fallow. Very well maintained headquarters. Come take a look!! $1,670.00 rmls 17653650.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


State program designed to assist Tribal members in Celilo and at in-lieu sites

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In April 2015, the Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS) developed and participated in two days of listening, learning, and discussion at a “Gathering at the River” event held at Celilo Village’s Longhouse. DHS heard from Celilo Village elders and other community members about their concerns and needs, which included a recurrent request for local service providers to bring information and assistance to the people of the river. From this, the goal of opening the doors at the Celilo Village Community Center was born. “Tribal members in Celilo and the

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in-lieu sites can’t always get to town for in the front window of the Celilo Village assistance, so we are all working together Community Center to show the schedule to bring the assistance to them,” said of services. That way tribal members Michelle DeRocher, along the river will CTUIR tribal memknow what to expect ber and DHS Selfwhen, and they may ‘Tribal members Sufficiency Programs be able to work out a in Celilo and the staffer. ride to the CommuTo help all the innity Center to partake in-lieu sites can’t terested people work in what is offered. always get to town together, the ColumThe Celilo Village bia River Inter-Tribal Community Center for assistance, so Fish Commission is open every other we are all working (CRITFC) established Wednesday from 10 an Inter-Tribal Multia.m. to 3 p.m. Some together to bring Disciplinary Team. In of the agencies that the assistance to 2016, Yakama Agency are participating in Bureau of Indian Afthe outreach include: them.’ fairs (BIA) entered a Yakama Agency - Michelle DeRocher, CTUIR tribal use agreement with BIA – cash assistance member and DHS Self-Sufficiency Warm Springs BIA, primarily for single Programs staffer which owns Celilo adults. Celilo Village Village’s Community is the agency’s only Center. Yakama BIA service area in Orthen cleaned and repaired the Commu- egon. Oregon Department of Human nity Center and opened the Center for Services – SNAP (food assistance), TANF services in July 2016. Yakama BIA offers (cash assistance), employment-related cash assistance benefits (primarily for day care, senior services, and disabilsingle adults) and service information, ity benefits information and assistance. and its social services supervisor coordi- North Central Public Health District – nates on-site services by other providers. Home Visiting information and services, Since the Community Center’s opening, blood pressure checks, WIC information DHS has been providing information (nutrition program for Women, Infants and application assistance for its benefit & Children), Oregon Health Plan (OHP) programs. DHS also provides a monthly applications and appointments. Mid-Cofood distribution through the Oregon lumbia Community Action Council (MCFood Bank. CAC) – housing assistance for homeless Some of the comments received so far veterans, assistance with getting enrolled from elders and tribal members are that in VA services, as well as coordination having the Oregon Food Bank (Food with other housing programs and Energy Bank) deliveries have been a blessing Assistance programs offered by MCCAC. and have helped them feed their families. HAVEN – advocate available for People picking up food at the Food Bank information and assistance for victims only need to provide their zip code and of domestic violence and sexual assault. the number of people who are in their Says Michelle DeRocher, “We want family; this is required because it allows the Tribes to know that they are welcome the Food Bank to demonstrate the need and encouraged to bring their services for the food and possibly expand services to the outreach days as well… the more in the future. assistance and services that are available, There are more roadblocks to people the better chance of providing the needed receiving assistance and the group is assistance to our people on the River. It working on strategies to alleviate them. would be wonderful if this effort would Some of the issues are a lack of trans- continue to grow until there is a full-time portation between Celilo Village and the assistance center open and running to in-lieu sites and difficulties getting the connect people with the services they information and assistance to the people need, when they need them.” at the in-lieu sites. For more information, contact Kerma One idea for a solution to this is getting Greene, Supervisory Social Worker, at an information board and displaying it 509-865-2255, extension 4146.

Join Us Jan. 14 WHAT: Parents Families & Friends of Lesbians & Gays (PFLAG) Pendleton Monthly Meeting Also inclusive of Bi-sexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning, Intrasex, Plus

WHEN: Sunday, January 14, 2017 – 2 p.m. WHERE: Buttercreek Coffeehouse and Mercantile -

201 West Main - Echo, OR

In 2005 PFLAG Pendleton reorganized to provide support for the GLBTQ (Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Questioning plus) families and friends suffering from the stressors of a negative political and social environment. Locally every meeting offers opportunities for sharing in an open yet confidential dialogue with other members of our community. We also provide brief educational programs and opportunities to work toward changing both private and public opinions in regard to equality and inclusion for our GLBTQ plus friends and family. Questions call (541) 966-8414


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Indian artist wanted to add bronze sculpture to Joseph’s Main Street JOSEPH - The Josephy Center for Arts and Culture has received a large grant from the Oregon Community Foundation to engage a Plateau Indian Artist to add his or her work to the bronze streetscape that the city of Joseph now displays. The City of Joseph is named after Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph, as is the annual rodeo. In the past several years, local foundries and galleries, working with city officials, have developed a streetscape that features a dozen bronze sculptures. The City has recently been designated, by the state of Oregon, an “art district.” Four of the dozen bronze sculptures currently on Main Street depict Indians; none of them are the work of tribal artists. The Josephy Center, with its unique position as a window between local people and descendants of tribal people who once lived here, wrote the grant, and, along with tribal representatives, will select an artist to do the work. The Josephy Center is named after Alvin M. Josephy Jr., the noted historian of the Nez Perce and long-time advocate for American Indians (the matter of names—Joseph and Josephy—is purely coincidental, but it is a nice coincidence). The Center is home to a library of books that Josephy collected over his long career. Many of the books deal with Plateau Indian culture and history, and students and writers come frequently to explore Indian themes and share their work with local and visiting audiences. The Center has a large exhibit space, and for the last four years has devoted a June show to Indian art and culture, including a show of “gift art” curated by the Nez Perce National Historical Park, another of Crow’s Shadow art prints,

and, this summer, one of historical photos of the Nez Perce gathered from the National Park, the University of Idaho, and the Wallowa History Center. In June 2018, the Center plans to host an exhibit prepared by the curators at the Tamástslikt Cultural Institute on the Umatilla Reservation. Tribal artists interested in the opportunity have until Jan. 15 to send resumes and portfolios to the Center. The project calls for 3-dimensional public art, but is not restricted to bronze sculpture - the medium is artist’s choice. Up to three artists will then each receive $1,000 and six weeks to develop proposals for a sculpture to stand in the Josephy Center courtyard or on Joseph’s adjacent Main Street. One artist will then receive one-third of the $25,000 award and have a year to complete the project. Interested artists are encouraged to call the Josephy Center, 541-432-0505, and talk with Director Cheryl Coughlan or library head Rich Wandschneider, or to email

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( Chocolate in candy case and consignments excluded) Contact Bernie at 541-276-1358 for more info.


Indian New Year’s is held during the Winter Solstice (Dec. 21, 2017). It is a gift giving ceremony where the elders and family heads gathered and brought forth gifts and lined up facing each other. Elders gave speeches about their friends and relatives and presented them with gifts. This went on into the night until all gifts were handed out. Gathered from “as days go by”

Mission Minute on KCUW 104.3 f.m. 8 a.m., Noon., 4 p.m. or find it on facebook December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Grants available for home repairs, maintenance Applicants must meet low-income guidelines MISSION – Grants for up to $6,000 for repairs and/or maintenance in homes owned by low-income Tribal elders are available from the Housing Department for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). The applications for the USDA Housing Preservation Grants are designed to improve the health, safety and wellbeing of the occupants of the home. The funds are to be spent on repairs and/ or maintenance focusing on septic systems, water quality of wells and pumps, electrical inspections, heating systems, smoke detectors, and ADA-compliance (Americans with Disabilities Act) ramps or bathroom needs. The goal is to help one dozen CTUIR Elder households over the two years of the grant starting in 2018. Of the 12 households, a minimum of eight must be classified as very-low income. Those that received full grant funding in 2015-2017 will not be eligible for funding under the current grant. The last grant in 2015 helped 16 CTUIR Elder homes. The Housing Preservation Grant totals $50,000 so the average grant will be about $4,200.

Since the grant is income based, all applications must include a full list of household members and documents to verify income. Such documents include tax returns, W-2 forms, award letter from Social Security as well as tribal identification and proof of ownership of the home. Applications will be reviewed and incoming information verified to determine if qualifications are met. Applicants will be notified by mail if additional information is needed; only complete application will be reviewed. Approved applicants will be notified by mail with further instructions on scheduling a needs assessment. Approved applicants will have an assessment completed by the Maintenance Manager to determine the priority of repairs and scope of work. The work will be completed by a licensed contractor once the household has authorized the work. Work will start after January 2018. The Housing Department uses the USDA income guidelines for Umatilla County for low and very-low income household according to family size. Call the Housing Department for more information at 541-429-7920.

Happy 11th Birthday Halona

Happy Birthday Susie Blackwolf Patrick

Love, Mom

Sweet 16!

Oregon Trail Gallery & Trading Post

621 Sixth St. in downtown Umatilla

Closed on Mondays Open Tuesday-Sunday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. On call 24 hours a day 541-922-5123 Evenings 541-922-5567


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Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Thank you letters WORDS CANNOT EXPRESS THE GRATITUDE I have for everyone who called or messaged, those who comforted our daughters and I with hugs and prayers these past several months, and those who traveled to be with us when our loved one passed. Thank you to my brother Thomas Morning Owl and nephew Damian Totus for answering the call to come sit with my lil’ family and sing for our loved one, Kirby Tye Pete, as he took his last breath with us on this earth; for taking care of his body when he passed and for conducting the beautiful funeral service. Although Kirby was a Navajo, he made this his home for the last 30 years, he took my belief in the Washat, Wasklikt and Medicine Dance faith as his beliefs, and at his request, these were the songs that were sung at his services. Thank you to Auntie-Mom Roma Cartney and Cousin-sister Starla Green for traveling to be with us the day he passed. Thank you Roma, Starla, Cousin-Brother Casey Green, Nephew Ernest (Boogie) Morning Owl, Niece Selena, Sister Tina Sockzehigh and everyone who came for Wasklikt services to light up our home. Butch David and Hobo Pat, I can’t thank you enough for calling and messaging me to check on him this past year and for coming to visit us while we were in the hospital in Portland just a couple weeks before his passing. You don’t know how happy he was to see you two, to reminisce about old rodeo days and share all the crazy stories and laughter. Thank you Jr, Dit and Sophie Bronson for the salmon, Cort Herrera for hunting, the cooks Michelle Thompson, Linda Sampson, Sandy Sampson, Judy Farrow, Alvina Huesties, Sadie Mildenberger, and crew for preparing the wonderful meal that fed us (I am sorry if I have left anyone out, it wasn’t intentional – that day is a blur and I don’t recall who all was in the kitchen), Leigh Pinkham-Johnson and Dana Quaempts for the baked goodies for the dinner, and to everyone who sent food to our home; it was delicious. Edwina Morning Owl and Grampa’s little sidekick “G-man” Garian - I don’t know what I would do without you two! Thanks for stopping by the house and checking on “Grampa Man,” helping do chores, and always making me laugh even when I didn’t want to. Steven Grayboy, thank you for keeping Tyera sane through all of this and for helping take care of Dad in our home. Lindsey Myers and Teteo Yaoch, thank you for always being a part of our family and willing to do anything for us and especially for being Taylor’s emotional support even though she was what seemed like a million miles away. We couldn’t have asked for better “adopted” kids than you two! Cody Cimmiyotti, thank you for stepping up and helping serve at the longhouse for the first time ever. You did awesome! My amazing crew at the Department of Natural Resources, thank you for your understanding when I had to be away from my work station. Carman, Cyn and Dana, thank you for being my emotional support through this all. I couldn’t ask for better “sisters” than you! Thanks again everyone and I’m sorry if I forgot to mention anyone, as it wasn’t intentional. Family of Kirby Tye Pete ~ Celeste, Tyera Alice and Taylor Alaine I WOULD LIKE TO THANK EVERYONE WHO VOTED FOR ME and supported me during the election campaign. I will work for “The People.” I’m willing and ready to listen to what the People would like to see from BOT. I’m a strong leader and review all concerns and issues that affect our entire community. As a Board member I will provide open communication. I believe everyone’s voice needs to be heard and issues that are brought to the Board via General Council will be reviewed, discussed and if action needs to be taken, then communicated back to General Council the outcome in a timely manner. Many of our people feel that communication between the Tribe and the Board is lacking. I will try to raise the bar and assist with making a better path and relationship between Tribal Members and our elected officials. Thank you again for allowing me to serve our people. Thank You Sally Sams-Kosey #2108

December 2017

THE LOVE AND SUPPORT THAT WAS SHARED WITH OUR FAMILY during this very sad and difficult, time will not be forgotten. From the bottom of our hearts we say, thank you! To Robert Taylor, Michael Ray Johnson, Shawna Gavin and Michelle Spencer, your guidance, your love, strength and reassurance, shepherded our family in the most difficult of times. We thank you for honoring Mom’s wishes and respecting what she would have wanted to do to say goodbye to all of us. Thank you for reminding us it was all going to be ok! Your presence and strength will always be remembered by our family and we cannot thank you enough! To the cooks who sacrificed their time, and shared their strength and love: Sandra Sampson, Michelle Thompson, Linda Sampson, Judy Burke, Kootsie Burke, Alvina Huesties, Syreeta Thompson, Nina Watchman and Sadie Mildenberger, we thank you! That delicious meal nourished our hearts and our bodies and our renewed our strength. You ladies are incredible and your support will not be forgotten. Thank you to Armand Minthorn and the singers who shared your songs for our Mom, we thank you! To Father Mike Fitzpatrick and St. Andrews Mission we thank you and treasure you in our hearts. Your guidance, kindness and words were so helpful and comforting during Mom’s services. To those who shared prayers and stories at the Rosary and funeral your words and kindness will not be forgotten. To the pallbearers, Violet’s handsome and loving nephews: Bobby Parrish, Byron Sam, Jesse Bronson, Billy Bronson, Aaron Ashley, Gabe Shoeships, Steven Hart, her son-in-law Vernon Smartlowit, and Kurtus Blodgett, your strength and respect will never be forgotten. Thank you for traveling the miles and being present in such a time of need. Mom would have been so proud of each of you. To the flower girls, your presence and respect will not be forgotten. We thank you for being there and helping all of us during this time. The abundance of prayers, condolences, enduring wishes, hugs, flowers, cards and strength that was shared will always be remembered. It is good friends and family, from near and far, that have kept our family’s hearts full and our spirits up and we thank you! Violet will always be remembered as a beautiful Mother, Grandma, Wife, Daughter, Sister, Auntie, Cousin and Friend! We appreciate you all for sharing her life and thank you for paying your respects. Thank you! Sincerely, The Family of Violet Rose Burke McGuire. EARLIER THIS YEAR, THE GEORGE ST. DENIS POST #140 & AUXILIARY and the CTUIR Veteran Services Program agreed to host the Purple Heart Recognition Event. Special thanks to Ethel “Tessie” Williams, Roberta Kipp and Kathleen Peterson in assisting with the planning. I also want to recognize Antone Minthorn and Fermore Craig Sr. for advising on the Pax’um Honor portion of the event. We also would like to thank the Military Order of the Purple Heart (MOPH) Idaho and Oregon Departments for the recognition. Also the Walla Walla VA Medical Center for participating in the ceremonies. The Purple Heart Recognition was a tremendous success and I am thankful for the support from the CTUIR staff. I am sending a tremendous thank you to Lloyd Barkley, Claudette Enos, Lisa Ganuelas, Randy Minthorn and the Cayuse Singers, Andrew Wildbill, David Williams, Linda Jones and her crew, Jane Hill, Angelica Lopez, Babette Cowapoo, Flag Bearers – Tommy Thompson, Cindy Freston and Mary Ann Roads, Public Works Crew for always being there and putting up with all the last minutes changes, and Lloyd Commander for taps. None of this could have happened without the support of the Board of Trustees, General Council and senior management – Julie Taylor, Deb Croswell and Chuck Sams. I probably forgot someone; please forgive my oversight. Regards, Toni Cordell ‘Atwiyawíínan’may Veteran Service Representative Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

Applications for Discover Training Close Dec. 12 The Pamáwaluukt Empower Program is accepting applications until Dec. 12th for interested tribal member employees to undergo the Discover training modules in 2018. Discover – training for supervisory and program manager level positions offered through the Office of Human Resources - is available to tribal members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) who are employed with the governance and administration departments located in the Nixyáawii Governance Center. The training modules are designed to enhance the trainee’s knowledge of programmatic functions, supervisory roles and responsibilities, budgetary preparation and compliance, application of personnel policies, services provided and what primary challenges those programs and departments manage. For the supervisory level you must be employed for at least two years. For the program manager level, at least two (2) years of supervisory experience is required or, if no supervisory experience, be employed at least 5 years with CTUIR. The Discover rotation involves one week per month in various programs and departments which enables trainees to attend to their job functions and provide flexibility in scheduling their training modules. The Pamáwaluukt Empower Committee will screen applications Dec. 13th. A selection panel including members of the committee and OHR staff will review applicants, interview finalists and select the trainee participants who will begin their training Jan. 15th. The selected participant must have approval by their supervisor and Department Director. Three letters of recommendation – one from a department director – are required. Completion of the Discover training module does not guarantee a promotion or reclassification but trainees successfully completing the training will be recognized with 3 months of supervisory or program manager experience. This training seeks enthusiastic, energetic, aspiring employees looking to enhance their knowledge, skills and abilities throughout the year-long training course. Applications for interested, eligible candidates are available at Human Resources, located in the NGC first floor, northern wing. Pamáwaluukt means ‘each person raising themselves up’ in the Walla Walla language as named by tribal elders of the CTUIR language program.


Louie Quaempts

Supervisor, Slot Tech Supervisor Louie is always willing to help assist in machine installs. He is knowledgeable and helps others on his team to answer questions and if not he can find the correct answer.

Esther Morales Support, Hotel Utility

Rosco Crooke Front Line, Cineplex

Esther always has a smile, is super good-natured and always a joy to work with and is always willing to be there for you for any special need you may have.

Rosco has been a valuable contributor to WRC. He goes the extra mile with his work and is always looking for more. His work ethic sets the tone and his co-workers feed off that.

Casino • Hotel • Golf • Cineplex • RV • Museum • Dining • Travel Plaza 800.654.9453 \\ Pendleton, OR \\ I-84, Exit 216 \\

Confederated Umatilla Journal


New Wildhorse chef brings Georgia flavor to Plateau MISSION — Jeff Sommer, who has honed his skills at private clubs and resorts in Georgia and Louisiana, brings more than 30 years of culinary arts experience to his new position as Executive Chef at Wildhorse Resort & Casino. Originally from Wisconsin, Sommer got his first taste of cooking while helping his mother bake and preserve vegetables from his grandparent’s garden. At 16, Sommer started working as a busboy where he soon discovered his yearning to be in the kitchen. He has never looked back. Chef Sommer attended Fox Valley Technical College in Appleton, Wisconsin, receiving degrees in both Hotel Restaurant Management and Culinary Arts. From there, Sommer was accepted into the Culinary Institute of America.

?e’snin’ Wi’ cet Alice Thompson-centre 10 feet tall! on Dec. 5th

Happy Belated Birthday Nina-Poo!


Upon graduation, Sommer developed his skills at various private clubs, country clubs and resorts. In 2000, Sommer became the Chef de Cuisine at the Overlook Club House on the Reynolds Plantation in Greensboro, Georgia. Soon after, he joined the RitzCarlton Lodge on the plantation at Georgia’s, the hotel’s signature restaurant. He was promoted around the Ritz-Carlton property until Jeff Sommer 2015 when he accepted the position of Executive Chef at the Loews Hotel in New Orleans. Bruce Mecham, Director of Food and Beverage at Wildhorse said, “Jeff is going to be a great fit for Wildhorse. The experience he brings gives him the ability to impact all of our restaurant offerings and our banquet facilities. It also allows him to continue to enhance our guests experience in Plateau Fine Dining.” “Food is a big part of the gaming experience,” said Mecham. Locals and tourists who come to Wildhorse to gamble or experience the casino’s other attractions provide a stream of potential diners. Mecham estimated that the casino fed about 600,000 people last year, which works out to 1,600 people per day. An avid outdoorsman, Sommer moved to Pendleton with his wife, Cherrieanna, and son, Scott. Daughter, Cassie, attends Georgia Southern University.






633 Emigrant Ave. Pendleton, OR 97801 541-215-7580 Araileya - Tribal owned Support your local business 16B

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Randall Minthorn travelled to Dufur and back - some 260 miles - to broadcast the Nixyaawii Golden Eagles basketball games. Minthorn plans to broadcast games this season on KCUW 104.3. For the Golden Eagles schedule, visit the Nixyaawii Community School’s website for games at CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

Morris encourages tribal youth to pursue dreams Within three years of moving to Osaka, Japan, Byron Morris learned a new language, experienced a new culture, graduated with a master’s degree and got engaged to Yuko Konda. Morris was 28 years old when he made the move after he had obtained a Biochemistry degree from Eastern Oregon University. Most recently he graduated from Osaka University with a master’s degree in Biological Sciences emphasizing plant growth and development. His goal is to pursue a career in biology and possibly work in a management position. Morris is a member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and grew up in Cayuse Byron Morris - an area within the reservation boundaries. Although Morris has accomplished much, the last few years were not always easy for him. Learning a new language was difficult and he had to get used to many new customs. He also got to experience new cuisine. As time passed, he met new people which helped make things easier and more comfortable for him. “As I was immersed in Japanese culture, I found it to be fun and exciting although there was some difficulties. The transition into Japan was made easier by doing research on Japanese etiquette before arriving and the rest was learning through mistakes,” said Morris. “The biggest challenge was the language barrier.” Morris wants to encourage the youth from the CTUIR to pursue their dreams, meet new people, and have an open mind when encountering new ideas. He believes that with hard work, they too can overcome any obstacle.

December 2017

LIND’S FAMOUS CORNDOGS Nov. 17 - Dec. 31 ~ 10 a.m. - 7 p.m. EVERYDAY 45 years serving you during the holiday season ... Keep the tradition alive!

Come see us at our new location by Aarons, across from Safeway


- All-beef footlong corndogs - Elephant ears - Funnel cakes - Ribbon fries - Cotton Candy - Caramel and Candy apples - Deep-fried vegetables - And much more

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Call-in orders 509-961-9309 17B

Happy Birthday Joe Bear!

Employees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation participated in Rock Your Mocs Day during the November Native American Heritage month. Displaying their mocs, from left, are Dara Williams-Worden, Carman Chalakee, Celeste Reves, David Quaempts, and Aaron Worden.

Love, RaeAnn & Mari

CTUIR Recreation

will be open during Christmas break, Dec. 18-29, except Christmas day. Hours: 7:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Breakfast, lunch, snacks, and activities will be provided. Evening schedule will remain the same.


Rocking their Mocs on Nov. 15 at Nixyaawii Community School were Susie Patrick with fully beaded mocs, Terry Nowland, left, Ashlynn Looney, top, and Mckenzie Kiona, right.

Students and employees Rock their Mocs Nov. 15

Michelle Van Pelt, left, Alexia Laib, center, and Mackenzie Kiona were rocking their mocs at Nixyaawii Community School .

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rock Your Mocsâ&#x20AC;? Day is Nov. 15 each year as part of Native American Heritage Month. Natives were encouraged to wear their moccasins to work or school.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Wildhorse Foundation awards over $771,000

Above is the group who spent their Saturday creating Star Pillows. From left, Ali Karrer, Kevin Karrer, Fabian Spencer, Nikki Whiskey Jack, Tami Gallegos, and Margaret Witt. Center front, instructor Dorothy Cyr. At right, a close up of the pillows that were sewn together during the Star Pillow Workshop.

Cyr leads Star Pillow workshop MISSION – A Star Pillow Workshop was held at Crow’s Shadow Institute of the Arts (CSIA) in November. Dorothy Cyr, a Tribal member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla INdian Reservation, instructed her first class of six participants. Everyone had the opportunity to make one pillow but a couple participants were overachievers and made two. “Dorothy was a great first time instructor and everybody had a really good time,” said Karl Davis, Executive Director of CSIA. Davis is already making plans for Cyr to return sometime in the next year to teach a ribbon-shirt class. To stay up to date on upcoming classes and events, visit or follow them on Facebook.

Happy Birthday!

Happy Birthday Ladies!

You two bring joy into my life Dec. 5th, Le Ander Lavadour Dec. 31st, Suzette Lavadour

Happy Holidays from all your friends at Pioneer Construction and Pendleton Readi Mix! December 2017

MISSION - The Wildhorse Foundation has awarded its third quarter grants totaling $303,584, bringing the total for 2017 to over $771,000. The Wildhorse Foundation is a community benefit fund established by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) to support organizations in northeastern Oregon and southeastern Washington. Since 2001 more than 1,850 local and regional non-profits have benefited from the $10.8 million given by the foundation. The maximum grant given by the Wildhorse Foundation is $20,000. Four organizations were given $20,000 in the third quarter giving cycle. The Columbia Walla Walla Fire District #2 was granted $20,000 toward communication enhancements in their service area. The Station currently receives calls for service through a neighboring repeater system above the City of Dayton which creates gaps of coverage for the City of Waitsburg where many volunteers reside, cause issues in notifying volunteers of service calls. The new repeater will enable Waitsburg, Starbuck and Dayton to increase communication capabilities within the southwestern portion of Columbia County. The Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siulslaw Indians were awarded $20,000 for renovations to the North Tenmile Lake Youth Camp Facility. This is an Easter Seals Camp that the tribe is renovating as a site for a tribal youth camp. The 14-acre site includes 2,000 lineal feet of lake frontage, multi-slip boat houses, boat dock, hiking trails and numerous outdoor recreation gathering area. The Hermiston Senior Center also received a $20,000 grant to purchase new equipment for their kitchen. Having a commercial kitchen will provide essential meal for seniors and provide meals for the Meals on Wheels program. The final $20,000 grant was awarded to the Providence St. Mary’s Foundation for upgrades to the Family Birth Center Expansion in Walla Walla. The $3.2 million dollar expansion will include new labor/delivery/post-partum rooms, an expanded special care nursery and a new surgical suite and recovery area to the hospital. Organizations receiving at least $10,000 were: Altrusa International, Inc., of Pendleton, Pendleton, $10,000, Altrusa Youth-Focused Projects -- Feed the Child and Kids At Risk Empowered (KARE). Boys and Girls Club of Dayton, Dayton, Wash., $18,346, Auxiliary heating systems. Columbia Walla Walla Fire District No 2, Waitsburg, Wash., $20,000, West County Communications Enhancements. Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siulslaw Indians, Coos Bay, $20,000, North Tenmile Lake Youth Camp Facility Renovations. East Umatilla County Health District, Athena, $10,000, LUCAS 2 Chest Compression System. Eastern Oregon Livestock Show, Union, $15,000, EOLS 4-H and FFA Livestock Panels. Hermiston Senior Center, Hermiston, $20,000, Hermiston Senior Center Kitchen Equipment. Josephy Center for Arts and Culture, Joseph, $10,000, New Printmaking Studio. LaGrande High School, LaGrande, $17,000, LaGrande High School Track Renovation and Improvement. McKay Creek Elementary, Pendleton, $10,942, McKay gymnasium renovation. Shriners Hospital for Children in Portland, Portland, $10,000, Support for medical care provided to children treated by Shriners Hospital for Children - Portland from the Wildhorse Foundation Homeland area. Union Rural Fire Protection District, Union, $16,000, Storage building for water tender. Walla Walla Sheriff’s Foundation, Survival Kits, Walla Walla, Wash., $13,875, Walla Walla County Sheriff’s Deputy Active Shooter. Other organizations funded: Athena Elementary School, Athena, $6,000, Blended learning through Chromebooks in the Classroom. Athena’s Gem, Inc., Athena, $7,000, Theatre addition exterior wall finish. Blue Mountain Community College/Milton-Freewater Center, Milton Freewater, $9,438, BMCC Milton-Freewater Center Student Lounge. Community Counseling Solutions, Inc., Heppner, $2,000, Healthy Smiles Dental Clinic. Confluence Project, Vancouver, Wash., $2,730, Confluence in the Classroom. F. Maxine and Thomas Cook Memorial Library, La Grande, $1,907, Teen program. Fort Walla Walla Museum, Walla Walla, Wash., $7,092, Voices from the Past. Friends of the Elgin Opera House, Elgin, $7,500, Upgraded sound system for The Elgin Opera House. Hells Canyon Preservation Council, La Grande, $1,000, Growing Forward!. Hurricane Creek Grange #608, Joseph, $5,500, Exterior Grange Hall Painting. Liberty Theatre Foundation, LaGrande, $7,500, Liberty Theatre Phase II Reconstruction. Oregon Elks Children’s Preschool Vision Screening, Portland, $10,000, Equip an eye exam lane at the Columbia River Community Health Center in Boardman, Oregon. Providence St. Mary Foundation, Walla Walla, Wash., $20,000, Providence St. Mary Family Birth Center Expansion. Sherwood Heights Elementary, Pendleton, $7,500, Cycling To The Next Level - Using exercise bikes to promote higher academic achievement in reading. SMART, Portland, $5,155, SMART Programs in Umatilla County. Umatilla County 4H, Pendleton, $600, 4-H “Attitudes for Success” - Preparing for the Future. Umatilla Museum and Historical Foundation, Umatilla, $9,818, Museum Energy Upgrade. Weston-McEwen High School, Athena, $1,681, Band Room Remodel Completion Project.

CALL TODAY! 541-276-7885


73569 McKay Lane Pendleton, OR

Pioneer Construction Concrete is an investment and we are here in the community to provide that service. Confederated Umatilla Journal



December 1st, 2017 – February 28th, 2018 Treaty Harvest Regulations and Protocols for Bison in the Greater Yellowstone Area Members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) hunting wild bison on unclaimed lands surrounding Yellowstone National Park are subject to the following regulations: Permitting Requirements: Exercising the tradition of “Going to Bison” for CTUIR members should be considered a communal or group effort as it was prior to the Treaty. The successful harvest and processing of bison requires significant planning, equipment and support. CTUIR Treaty Bison Harvest Permits (“permit”) are joint application “party” hunting permits requiring the signatures of a “Hunt Party Leader” and a minimum of three assistants. Prior to receiving their permit, Hunt Party Leaders will also be required to participate in an annual pre-hunt orientation (“orientation”) to be updated on any new hunt conditions and issues and are responsible for relaying this information to their hunt party. Incomplete applications will not be considered. Applications should be submitted at least 30 days prior to the desired hunt date to allow for Fish and Wildlife Commission (“Commission”) review and processing. The Hunt Party Leader is responsible for the conduct of their Hunt Assistants and for recording and reporting of all harvest data in a complete and timely fashion. The Hunt Party Leader and at least three Hunt Assistants must be present during all permitted hunting. Hunt Assistants may not harvest bison after the Hunt Party Leader has left the hunting area. Coordination with Tribal Enforcement Required: The CTUIR provides law enforcement oversight of the treaty bison hunt. The Hunt Party Leader is required to coordinate with Umatilla Tribal Police Game Enforcement at least five working days prior to the planned hunt. The five-day notice requirement may be waived at the discretion of the Umatilla Tribal Game Enforcement. Hunting without prior enforcement coordination is not permitted. Note: All Tribal and State bison hunting enforcement officers in the Gardiner area will have a dedicated radio frequency to increase communication and safety for all. Eligibility: To be granted a permit, the Hunt Party Leader and all Hunt Assistants must be eligible in accordance the CTUIR Fish & Wildlife Code, and must have attended orientation within the past three years. Applicants may be listed on more than one party permit per season, but the hunt periods for those permits may not overlap. Hunt Area: The Bison Permit hunt area or Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA) is described as the unclaimed lands within the State of Montana. No hunting is permitted within Yellowstone National Park, the Royal Teton Ranch Bison Buffer Zone (USFS-managed), or any lands closed to hunting by the U.S. Forest Service for safety reasons. Gardiner Basin and West Yellowstone are the two CTUIR hunting areas and the Commission will provide general area maps for hunting parties. Season & Bag Limits: The Treaty Bison Hunt Season for both male and female along with any age is open from December 1, 2017 through February 28, 2018. Overall bag limits will be determined and monitored annually by the Commission. Weapons & Ammunition: Only a center fire rifle with bullet size of 150 grain or larger is permitted for bison hunting. Harvest Limitations and Game Waste: All party members identified on a valid bison permit may actively hunt bison. Bison carcasses must be completely processed and off the hunt field before the hunt is completed for the day. This includes hide, head, heart, liver and meat. Bone and gut pile may be left in the field but must be at least 100 yards from any road, campground, trailhead or dwelling. Failure to strictly follow this provision may constitute game waste. Note: the Fish and Wildlife Commission strongly recommends hunt parties that have not previously killed and field processed a bison, limit their first kill to one animal on the ground at a time. Harvest Reporting: The CTUIR Treaty Bison Harvest Permit shall consist of two parts as follows: A Harvest Reporting Card. All Hunt Party Leaders must submit a completed Harvest Reporting Card within 72 hours of completion of the hunt or end of the season, whichever is sooner. If hunt teams wish to reenter the field at a later date, they will be issued a fresh Harvest Report Card. The Lead Hunter is required to update harvest information on the permit prior to taking another animal or leaving the field. All hunters, including those who are not successful, must return the completed Harvest Reporting Card in order to be eligible for future hunt permits. A hunt permit. The Hunt Party Leader and each permitted Hunt Assistant will be issued a current year hunt permit. This permit will include the hunter’s name and enrollment number, hunt season, bag limit, and must be validated by signatures of the hunter and the Commission Chair. This permit must be in the possession of each hunter at all times during the hunt. Provision of Assistance: Non-members may assist a Tribal member with the field dressing, retrieval and transportation of a downed bison to the Members’ hunting vehicle but may not assist or accompany the Member with any aspect of the pursuit or harvest of the animal. Such assistance is in addition to and shall not be considered a substitute for the minimum hunt assistants required by the Off-Reservation Bison Permit. Requirement to Disclose: The hunt party leader and all hunt assistants must have their Tribal I.D. card and a valid permit in their possession while hunting or while in possession of a bison or parts thereof. Tribal I.D. and permit must be presented upon request to any Tribal, State or Federal enforcement personnel. Off Road Travel and Safety: The use of over snow vehicles (snowmobiles or ATV’s equipped with tracks) for bison hunting is allowed where not specifically restricted. Shooting from or across groomed snowmobile trails or off any vehicle is prohibited. The Bison Permit Hunt Areas may be directly adjacent to the town of Gardiner, Montana or other numerous dispersed residences. Discharging a firearm in a negligent manner or in any posted safety zone is a violation of these Regulations as well as other applicable tribal laws. Provision for Emergency Closure: Off-reservation bison hunting is restricted by these regulations, any annual harvest quotas, and any special annual regulations or emergency regulations established by the Commission. Hunt seasons and permits may be closed by the Commission under emergency order in response to biological or human safety needs. 2017 Harvesting Treaty Tribes MOA: In October 2017, the CTUIR entered into an MOA with the Nez Perce Tribe, Yakama Nation, and Confederated Salish Kootenai Tribes regarding hunting in the Beattie Gulch area. The MOA sets forth additional requirements for coordinated communication with other hunting groups and enforcement, as well as additional restrictions on hunting activities in Beattie Gulch. Additional detail on the MOA will be covered in orientation. All other Tribal regulations apply.


A tractor drives through a field on the Colville Reservation in Washington state where the Tribe grew its first crop of hemp. More than a ton of seed was harvested.

Colvilles’ first hemp harvest a success, officials say By Tribal (Colville) Tribune

KELLER – With the first year crop, the Colville Tribes’ hemp research project was to see how it would grow on the reservation, Colville Tribes’ Natural Resources director Cody Desautel said at the 2017 General Membership Meeting in Keller, Oct. 14. After harvesting two weeks ago [late September], consultant Doug Fine reported the plant grew well — the harvest was a success with more than a ton of hemp seed produced by the Swawilla Basin crop. “All of us who worked on the debut Colville crop are pretty much beside ourselves with joy at the harvest,” said Fine in a comment shared by tribal publication relations staff, Oct. 25. “We can breathe again now that more than a ton of seed is in. Stay tuned for an Omega rich seed product coming from this harvest. It means so much to the Tribe to be deriv-

ing revenue from year one. From a crop that builds soil.” Some anxiety continues about the hemp project. Desautel reported there were restrictions within the permit the tribe received from the State of Washington — one of which was that the grow was research based — while further noting the tribe has begun the process of applying for a permit through the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Desautel reported next year the tribe will research hemp production under the state permit while looking for additional locations around the reservation for the crop. Tribal member Yvonne Swan encouraged the tribal leadership to not forfeit tribal sovereignty through the hemp project at the Oct. 14 meeting “I think it is a step down to ask the State of Washington for a permit to do something on tribal land,” said Swan.

Thank you letters WE ARE GRATEFUL TO THOSE WHO VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME for our first Autism Awareness Conference at Yellowhawk. So thankful for Winnie Burnett and Toby Rates of Autism Society of Oregon for helping us with a new beginning. Our Volunteer speakers, Christine and Clifton Bruno, Ed and Carol Edmo . Special thanks to Becky Greear, Jay and Lindsey Watchman, Sara Haskett, Debra Shippentower, Marcy Picard and our sweet Destiny. All of our Autism parents, grandparents and family members who supported them. Most of all our ASD young people

the real heroes, who were strong enough to stand and speak out you are amazing and make us so proud. Blessings, Aaron Noisey, Program Director Family Strengthens Sissy Falcon, CADC1/Special Project THANK YOU FOR YOUR SUPPORT in getting my petition signed and getting me re-elected as your BOT Secretary. I do enjoy working for you and will do the best job I can. Hope you all have a very Merry Christmas and a very good year. Thanks! Kat Brigham

Birthday Ads - $3 deadline Dec. 19 email: Pay at Finance

Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Mission Assembly of God 47328 Shortmile Road, Mission, OR Pam Tillis, Terri Clark and Suzy Bogguss will perform together Jan. 26 at Wildhorse Resort & Casino on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Tickets are on sale now.

‘Chicks with Hits’ in concert here Jan. 26

MISSION – The “Chicks with Hits” Tour featuring three of the most recognizable female artists in country music comes to Wildhorse Resort & Casino on Friday, Jan. 26. The trio – Pam Tillis, Terri Clark and Suzy Bogguss – have racked up close to 40 top-10 hits, more than 10 million record sales, and numerous awards. Tickets are on sale now. Pam Tillis was born with country music in her blood as the daughter of country music star Mel Tillis. Determined from a young age to find her own way in music as a singer and songwriter, Tillis’ threedecade long career has accomplished just that. Tillis has six number ones, 14 top ten singles, and has sold more than seven million copies of her studio albums. She is also a two-time Grammy award winner, two-time CMA winner, nine-time Academy of Country Music Award nominee, and an American Music Award nominee. Her stardom began in the early 1990s with hits including “Mi Vida Loca (My Crazy Life),” “Maybe It Was Memphis,” “Shake the Sugar Tree,” and “Spilled Perfume.” Terri Clark is a dynamic, no-holdsbarred live performer and one of the rare female country artists capable of throwing down some impressive guitar work. The winner of eight CMA Entertainer of the Year Awards and five Female Vocalists of the Year Awards, Clark has sold over five million albums, with 13 top-ten singles. Her major hits include “If I Were

You,” “You’re Easy on the Eyes,” “Better Things to do,” “I Just Wanna be Mad,” and “Girls Lie Too.” Rounding out the tour is Suzy Bogguss. She has sold four million records with radio hits like “Outbound Plane,” “Someday Soon,” “Letting Go,” “Drive South” and “Hey Cinderella.” In 2003 she made an album of modern swing music with Ray Benson, “Asleep At The Wheel,” and in 2007, her album of original music landed her at number four on the jazz charts. She is also a radio host, author and Grammy Award winner. A country dance after-party will be held in Cayuse Hall following the concert for all ticket holders. Guests can enjoy great country music and free line dancing lessons. The show begins at 8 p.m. with doors opening at 7 p.m. Tickets are $49 for general, $69 for premium and $79 for platinum (first three rows). Tickets can be purchased online at or at the Wildhorse Gift Shop. All seating is assigned. Must be 21 years of age to attend. A no-host bar is available in Rivers Events Center.

Pastor Vern Kube 541-966-9420 Associate Pastor Law Enick 541-371-1429 Sundays

10 a.m. - Bible Study 11 a.m. - Morning Service 6 p.m. - Evening Service


6 p.m. - Evening Service

“If you confess with your mouth Jesus as Lord, and believe in your heart that God raisedHim from the dead, you will be saved.”


was once lost, broken, and spirituality dead. I My testimony starts way back in time, but I will just start off saying that as a teenager I had

gotten into drugs & alcohol. Which landed me into all sorts of trouble! I finally cleaned up my act at age 19 when I found out that I was pregnant with my first child. I was then clean from heavy drugs for 7 years, and I had 2 more children. I was not in a recovery program and I knew who God was but did not have a relationship with him and I took him for granted and only prayed out of selfishness. I went from one dysfunctional relationship to another! I started drinking and soon I was back to the drugs & lifestyle that goes with it! My children were taken away, & I am grateful for that because it kept them safe. I was all alone and do to my drug addiction & the poor choices that I was making at the time, I had lost everything and I had no care in the world for anyone or anything. My life was out of control! I cried out to the Lord & said a short little prayer, & he heard my prayer! So the Lord put obstacles in my way to prevent me from using drugs & alcohol for 8 days. I tried and I tried to do whatever I could for that last drink or last high, but the Lord really answered my prayers. Treatment date came open 10-11-07. I accepted Jesus into my life. I was born again. I

spent 8 months in residential treatment. I started a relationship with Jesus Christ. I was able to restore relationships with my children, family and friends. I am a living testimony of the power of prayer through our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ! The devil has been defeated! “They overcame him by the blood of the lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death. Revelation 12:11. I was at my rock bottom. I was desperate. The Lord heard my cry. I am grateful that my addiction did not go on and on and that my children and I were not separated for too long. I have had so many struggles, obstacles, trials and tribulations since I have accepted Christ into my life & since being clean & sober. He is the reason why I am who I am today! He is my strength. “I CAN DO ALL THINGS THROUGH CHRIST WHO STRENGTHS ME” Philippians 4:13. GOD IS GOOD. I am very grateful for what I have today and for who I am. Plus 10 years clean & sober! I am still under construction. Thank you Jesus. “...With God, all things are possible” Matthew 19:26 Tessa Minthorn Woods x-1593 Mission Assembly of God, Mission, OR

Temporary Employment for CTUIR

If you are interested in working as a temporary employee for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation in 2018, you must register with The Office of Human Resources located on the first floor of the Nixyáawii Governance Center. Please fill out the Temporary Application form and conduct pre-employment alcohol/drug testing before you are eligible for work for 2018. For Covered Status positions a criminal background check will be required. Happy Birthday Reuben!!!

Love, Your Family

December 2017

For further information contact the Office of Human Resources at 541-429-7180.

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Holiday Bazaar

The annual ‘Holiday Bazaar,’ held on Nov. 25 at Wildhorse Resort & Casino, filled two conference rooms with vendors that came from as far away as Arlington area and as close as Walla Walla Court in Mission. Vendors sold homemade candy machines, pillows, hats, kitchen supplies, even butterflies. Local vendors from the Mission that set up wereTrinette Nowland, Larry Begay and Kristen Parr. Nowland sold kitchen accessories, pillow cases, and paintings that were made by her children. Less than 50 feet way Parr was selling key lanyards, NFL and college jerseys. Begay was selling jewelry he had made. CUJ photo/Lennox Lewis

541-276-7272 Fast Fresh Fun

613 SW Emigrant

Handmade by us, Home baked by you It’s Pizza Perfection Love at 425 degrees

December Special Large Bacon Bacon Bacon $13 CLOSED CHRISTMAS DAY Open New Year’s Eve & New Year’s Day! Open Daily 10 a.m.- 9 p.m. We gladly accept EBT.

December Birthdays:

2nd: Linda Schmidt & Reuben Bronson 4th: Connie Jones 5th: Kathryn “Kat” Brigham, Kathryn “Kass” Patrick, & 1st Birthday for Haiden Oar! 7th: Kim Brigham Campbell 8th: Chelsea Quaempts 9th: Sara Hussey & Gene Shippentower 15th: Cheryl Shippentower 18th: Isabel Watchman 22nd: Terrie Brigham & Sara Patrick 29th: Calvin Van Pelt & Rhett Majors


1st: Daniel & Fabby Jones 3rd: Kim & James Campbell


Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

“Baptism of Pocahontas” is an oil on canvas by John-Gadsby Chapman that hangs in the Rotunda in the U.S. Capitol. It depicts Pocahontas being baptized and given the name Rebecca in an Anglican church.t Architect of the Capitol photo

“Pocahontas saves Smith”, 1870, is a chromolithograph that depicts Pocohontas saving the life of Capt. John Smith, the English soldier, explorer, and colonial governor who played an important role in the establishment in the Jamestown colony, the first permanent English settlement in North America. According to some historical records, in December 1607, while seeking food along the Chickahominy River, Smith was captured and taken to meet the chief of the Powhatans at Werowocomoco, the main village of the Powhatan Confederacy. The village was on the north shore of the York River about 15 miles due north of Jamestown and 25 miles downstream from where the river forms from the Pamunkey River and the Mattaponi River at West Point, Virginia. Smith feared for his life, but he was eventually released without harm and later attributed this in part to the chief’s daughter Pocahontas who, according to Smith, threw herself across his body: (General Historie of Smith) “at the minute of my execution, she hazarded the beating out of her own brains to save mine; and not only that, but so prevailed with her father, that I was safely conducted to Jamestown”, Smith wrote in a letter to Queen Anne. The photograph is made available from the United States Library of Congress’s Prints and Photographs Division. It is a public domain photograph.

“The Abduction of Pocahontas” is a copper engraving by Johann Theodor de Bry, 1618. It is part of a book “America” (Part 10, translation of ‘A True Discpirse of the Present State of Virginia’ by Ralph Hamor).

How Trump’s Pocahontas remark can be offensive By FELICIA FONSECA of the Associated Press

POCAHONTAS AS A RACIAL SLUR? Warren, whom Trump referred to as ``Pocahontas’’ repeatedly during the 2016 presidential campaign, called his remark Monday a racial slur. White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders said it wasn’t and that the president didn’t intend it as one. While the name Pocahontas itself isn’t considered a racial slur, some say it turned into one because of the way Trump used it. ``When the president uses the name of Pocahontas as a pejorative with the intent to insult, it becomes a racial slur,’’ the Native American Journalists Association said. Jacqueline Pata, executive director of the National Congress of American Indians, says she would not characterize it as a racial slur but that it was used inappropriately. ``When I hear people use it in a manner that’s not respectful of who she was as a person, that’s a different story,’’ she said. The three Navajo Code Talkers at the White House event didn’t visibly react to Trump’s comment. But families of other Code Talkers say it was disrespectful to the men.

FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. - Members of Virginia tribes that count Pocahontas among their ancestors said Nov. 28 that President Donald Trump should not use her name for political gain. The historical figure is well-known through a Disney movie and Halloween costumes but less so for her sacrifices to protect her people from British forces, historians say. The White House invited Navajo war veterans to Washington, D.C., on Nov. 27 to honor them for using a code based on their native language in World War II that the Japanese could not crack. But the story became less about the Navajo Code Talkers and more about Pocahontas when Trump said, ``We have a representative in Congress who they say was here a long time ago. They call her Pocahontas,’’ referring to U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts in a bid to mock her claims about being part Native American. Anne Richardson, chief of the Rappahannock Tribe in Virginia, said Trump showed he knows little about the role Pocahontas played in establishing the United States and disrespected Pocahontas and the Code Talkers in taking aim at Warren. ``He shouldn’t use us to make his point about her,’’ Richardson said. ``Haven’t we been used enough?’’ Here’s a look at Pocahontas and how people viewed the remark: WHO WAS POCAHONTAS? Pocahontas is universally known as the main character in the 1995 Disney movie of the same name, characterized as a young girl who fell in love with an Englishman despite her father’s disapproval. Unlike other Disney princesses, Pocahontas was a real person who lived in present-day Virginia in the 1600s. Rutgers University historian Camilla Townsend said Pocahontas wasn’t a sexualized girl who turned her back on her people. Rather, Pocahontas was taken prisoner and agreed to marry colonist John Rolfe, not John Smith, in a diplomatic move to save her people from invading

December 2017

Painting of Pocahontas around the time of her wedding to John Rolfe.

(Three Lions/Getty Images)

forces, Townsend said. ``All the existing evidence unites to show she did it because her father wanted her to,’’ Townsend said. ``They needed the peace.’’ Pocahontas was baptized as a Christian shortly after marriage and died in her late teens in England. The country marked the 400th anniversary of her death this year with festivals, exhibits and lectures.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

POCAHONTAS AND VIRGINIA TRIBES Robert Gray is the chief of the Pamunkey Tribe, a community that once included Pocahontas. The tribe is Virginia’s only federally recognized tribe with 200 members, a designation it received last year. Gray said Tuesday that Trump’s comment was inappropriate and that he was hopeful people would seek out valid sources of information on Pocahontas. ``We don’t have the time or the resources to get involved every time President Trump uses nicknames for various people,’’ he said. Kent Adams, chief emeritus of the neighboring Upper Mattaponi Indian Tribe, says Pocahontas is an icon of American Indian people and Trump should not use her name in a disparaging way or for political gain. ``He should leave her out of it,’’ Adams said. ``She should not be included in this conversation.’’



Confederated Umatilla Journal

December 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal 12-2017  
Confederated Umatilla Journal 12-2017  

The Confederated Umatilla Journal monthly print edition for December 2017