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One of three Unmanned Aerial Systems now owned by the Confederated Tribes was demonstrated on the Umatilla Indian Reservation in October. Learn more about the “drones” on Page 3A.

Homecoming Queen Ellamae Looney with escort Dazon Sigo during halftime of the Pilot Rock game against Perrydale in October. See more on Page 1B.

Aza l e a Mi n th o rn , l e ft, and Adriacula Ray, were happy Halloween partiers Oct. 31 at the Longhouse on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. However, there were others that weren’t so smiley. Check them out on page 12.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

2 Sections, 52 pages / Publish date November 2, 2017

The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon November 2017



Volume 25, Issue 11

Election Nov. 14 to choose new CTUIR leadership By the CUJ

Nixyaawii Mud Wars

During homecoming activities in October, Lily Picard hangs on to the Mud Wars tug-of-war rope, yet finds herself slung to the slop while teammates Tristalynn Melton (black shirt), Cloe McMichael (colored shirt), Susie Patrick, and Kyle Mountainchief, search for their footing. In the background watching the catastrophe are, from left, Kaitlynn Melton, Kenzie Kiona, Rylynn Melton, Luis Ortega, Chris Ancheta, Arlyn Garcia, and Owen Ancheta.


MISSION – Tribal members who haven’t yet sent in their absentee ballots and those waiting to vote at the polls on Tuesday, Nov. 14, will be choosing from among 26 candidates to fill 11 positions on the Board of Trustees (BOT) and the General Council (GC) for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). The polls will be open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. at the Nixyaawii Governance Center, 46411 Timine Way, in Mission. At least one new BOT officer will take a chair since Rosenda Shippentower will give up her position as treasurer to run for a member at-large seat. That means voters will choose between Doris Wheeler, an accountant in the CTUIR Finance Department, and Eugena Stacona, who most recently worked in the Tribes’ Education Department. The CUJ asked candidates to answer 15 questions that ranged from describing their character traits to climate change and from decriminalizing marijuana to managing the Tribes’ multi-million dollar budget. Fifteen of the 25 candidates responded to the survey. Among the 10 that didn’t respond were the current BOT and GC chairmen, and two current BOT at-large members. See Candidate Questionnaire on page 10A

Cross Country runs into basketball As fall sports end, basketball is just around the corner. In fact, practice begins Nov. 13 for high school teams. Milan Schimmel and Ellamae Looney, running together in the Special District 5 Cross Country championships in Pendleton, will be part of the Nixyaawii Community School girls’ basketball team that will be defending its state Class 1A title. Four seniors return to the team. Find the schedule on Page 1B. CUJ photo/Sammantha McCloud

Board of Trustees Chair Gary Burke (I) Woody Patawa BOT Vice Chair Jeremy Wolf (I) Shana Radford BOT Secretary Kat Brigham (I) Cedric Wildbill BOT Treasurer Doris Wheeler Eugena Stacona BOT Members At-Large Aaron Ashley (I) Armand Minthorn (I) Woodrow Star (I) Jill-Marie Gavin Sally Kosey Scott Minthorn Helen Morrison Terry Parrish Johnny Sampson Bob Shippentower Rosenda Shippentower David Wolf Shawn Joseph (write-in) General Council Chair Alan Crawford (I) David Close Kyle McGuire Willie Sigo IV General Council Vice-Chair Michael Ray Johnson General Council Secretary Shawna Gavin

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CUJ News ‘18 CTUIR budget includes COLA, merit raises From the CTUIR Finance Department

MISSION – The 2018 budget for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) is under development. The draft budget was presented at the October General Council meeting. The Board of Trustees (BOT) conducted work sessions in October to review the target budgets and draft annual work plans from the departments and enterprises.

The CTUIR BOT and executive staff expect that the 2018 draft budget presented to General Council in October will maintain all tribally funded government services at their existing 2017 levels. Because of the positive revenue outlook and other adjustments made, the BOT will consider a 2 percent Cost of Living Adjustment (COLA) as well as allow for an average of a 3 percent merit pay increase in 2018 for CTUIR government

employees. This was the same increase as done in 2017. The CTUIR uses a retro-budgeting process for its gaming funds, meaning that the money earned in one calendar year is used to fund CTUIR programs in the following year (i.e., funds earned in 2017 are spent in 2018). CTUIR Finance Director Paul Rabb says the retro-budgeting process helps the CTUIR as it allows the BOT to make budget and spending

adjustments in the following year, not in the current year. The draft 2018 budget is available to General Council Members. To obtain a copy, contact the CTUIR Finance Office at 541-429-7150. Comments on the draft budget can be submitted in writing to the BOT Treasurer, Rosenda Shippentower, by Nov. 6. The BOT anticipates adopting the budget at the Nov. 13 BOT meeting.

Bobbie Conner, above, was one of the interviewees during North Shore Production’s time here at the CTUIR. At right, Andrew DuMont is videotaped by Jesse Nordhausen, who equips him with a small microphone in the lower photo.

Recording Nez Perce descendants A dozen interviews with Nez Perce descendants on the Umatilla Indian Reservation were filmed by Rory Banyard and crew of North Shore Productions under contract with the National Park Service Oct. 17 and 18 at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute. The video content will be used to update the Spalding Museum exhibits at the Nez Perce National Historical Park. Interviews will be conducted with descendants from the Nez Perce Tribe and the Colville Reservation. Dara WilliamsWorden from the Cultural Resources Protection Program, coordinated the schedule and location and contacted interviewees. CUJ photos/Lennox Lewis

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November 2017

CUJ News

Stacy Schumacher attaches the camera to the drone during the presentation to the Board of Trustees. CUJ photos/Lennox Lewis

New Unmanned Aircraft demonstrated MISSION – An Unmanned Aerial System (UAS), one of three now owned by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, was demonstrated for the Board of Trustees in mid-October by two employees who are Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certified pilots. Travis Olsen and Stacy Schumacher in the CTUIR Geographic Information System (GIS) Program, who are certified to fly the drones, demonstrated the crafts for tribal leaders. The GIS Program will be the lead entity in coordinating the use of drones and management of data captured with the UAS. “We want to carefully manage and develop the UAS technology and continue to find uses for it in the work of many departments,” Debra Croswell, Interim Executive Director, wrote in an email to CTUIR employees. Activities for which UAS will be used in the near term include, but are not limited to aerial photography (such as inventories of natural resources, surveys of existing facilities and properties, monitoring of construction sites); videography (such as recordings for promotional events, project site locations); and data acquisition (natural-color photos, color-infrared photos, terrain models, elevation and temperature, etc.). A document has been developed that establishes the Tribes’ UAS procedures

Left, BOT member-at-large Aaron Ashley and BOT Vice-Chairman Jeremy Wolf look at the view from above with Travis Olsen.

BOT to address new Education Facility Nov. 6 By the CUJ

MISSION – Members of the Board of Trustees appear mostly in agreement that the biggest concern about a new Education Facility and, in particular, a new Nixyaawii Community School (NCS), is whether or not it will be big enough. The governing body of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation is expected to consider a resolution Nov. 6 regarding a timeline and funding for construction of new Education Facility that would include the charter high school. In a work session Oct. 25, the BOT heard from the Wenaha consulting firm, the project manager, and BBT Engineers, the Bend firm hired to design the facility. Key staff included Bill Tovey, Director of the Department of Economic and Community Development; Modesta Minthorn, Director of the Department of Education; and Paul Rabb, Finance Director. The Education facility would put under a single roof all early-childhood learning systems, including Cay-Uma-Wa Head Start, Tribal Day Care, and the After School Program, as well as the Tribes’ Language Program. In a totally separate part of the facility would be NCS, which is in its 14th year on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. NCS is chartered under Pendleton School District 16R and as such it is a public school that anyone can attend. It is not an “Indian school.” NCS has an enrollment of 80 students in ninth through 12th grade; about 60 are members of the CTUIR and another 10 are Native American students from other tribes, which leaves 10 non-natives. That separation – between facilities for young children and the school for NCS students – provided the fodder for BOT Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower to question why the high school was included in the Education facility at all. She was concerned that NCS will get a disproportionate amount of space compared to early-childhoodlearning areas. In preliminary plans, NCS is set at about 10,000 square feet and early childhood is at 8,000. (Ac-

November 2017

‘I agree with the expansion for the Education facility for younger kids. The issue is the effort and money being spent for a charter school. It’s not even a tribal school. Is it our responsibility to provide a million dollar school? I don’t know. This is not a CTUIR school. This is a charter school we’re putting tribal funds into.’ - BOT Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower

cording to Tovey, the early proposal also calls for 9,000 square feet for Education administration include adult education and Language, 5,000 square feet for kitchen and commons, 15,000 square feet for a double-court gym, and 13,000 for circulation. That all adds up to 60,000 square feet.) “I agree with the expansion for the Education facility for younger kids,” Shippentower said. “The issue is the effort and money being spent for a charter school. It’s not even a tribal school. It’s a charter school. Is it our responsibility to provide a million dollar school? “I don’t know. This is not a CTUIR school. This is a charter school we’re putting tribal funds into,” Shippentower said. Shippentower’s comments mostly fell on deaf ears and most of the remarks from the rest of the BOT gave every impression that NCS would start school in a new building in September of 2019.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

General Council Chairman Alan Crawford was the first to start talking about expansion before any dirt has been moved. “We had to turn away students and anticipating enrollment of even more,” Crawford said. “Are we going to be able to handle this with four classrooms in 2019? Once we’re up and going it’s not going to be long before we’re 2A status. Are we going to be able to handle that?” Secretery Kat Brigham, the BOT representative on the Nixyaawii School Board, took her turn reminding the Board that there has been discussion for years about adding middle school at NCS. “Is possible expansion being considered?” Brigham asked. BOT member Armand Minthorn said “we have to anticipate growth and can’t allow to outgrow the school … we have to have room to grow and expand.” BOT Vice-Chairman Jeremy Wolf said the General Council has for years wanted to see a school building on the reservation. He said that over those years there’s been a “lot of push and pull on a vision.” He talked about concepts that reduce space and hinder expansion when the Tribes want to add K-8th grade. Dave Fishel from Wenaha, which has been involved in several school projects (Washington School in Pendleton and Warm Springs Academy) said the building plans include expansion options for both kindergarten through 12th grades and also for the Language Program. Forecasting enrollments is difficult, Fishel told the Board. “It’s usually a gut feeling or rule of thumb, but there’s no precedent here. It’s a challenge so what we have done here is we have extra to accommodate the near term projected growth,” Fishel said. Susan Makris, an architect from BBT, echoed Fishel: “The square footage is there” to meet the Tribes’ educational needs. She said the facility may be designed for a possible second story or in a manner that will allow it to be “stretched out.” The Board took action in 2014 that kicked off efforts Education on page 27A


Willie Sigo IV, one of four candidates for General Council Chair, speaks during a Candidates Fair held Oct. 19 in the General Council Chambers at Nixyaawii Governance Center. Other candidates in the photo included, from left, Elwood Patawa, Michael Ray Johnson, Johnny Sampson, Jeremy Wolf, Rosenda Shippentower, Cedric Wildbill in back, Bob Shippentower, David Close looking to his right, Kat Brigham, Jill-Marie Gavin, Scotty Minthorn behind Gavin, Helen Morrison, Shana Radford, Doris Wheeler and Shawn Joseph.

Candidates take current BOT to task at Fair By the CUJ MISSION – Twenty-one of the 26 candidates participated Oct. 19 at a political forum in front of more than 40 people in the General Council Chambers at Nixyaawii Governance Center. The General Council Chairman and three at-large members of the Board of Trustees didn’t show, nor did two other candidates for at-large BOT positions. With so many candidates, remarks and responses were brief. Each candidate had a one-minute opening, an off-thetop-of-your-head opportunity to respond to a random question, and two minutes for a closing statement. There was plenty of flexibility on what candidates talked about but facilitator Andrea Hall was fairly strict about the time with a bell ringing 10 seconds before the time period and ringing again when time was over. More than once candidates were stopped mid-reply. The audience did not participate other than to listen. There was virtually no audible reaction from any of the candidate comments. Perhaps the highlight of the evening’s remarks came at the very end when Rosenda Shippentower, the current BOT Treasurer who is running this year for an at-large BOT position, scolded the candidates who spoke critically of the current Board. After listening to comments for two hours, Shippentower was the final candidate to make her closing statement. She said she had to respond to people talking about all things finance, including retro-budgeting and indirect costs, and whether or not BOT members are always accessible. “Why don’t you run for treasurer? You think being on the Board is easy? I leave my door open, but sometimes we deal with issues that are complex. It’s hard work,” she said. “I wonder if all the candidates know that. We work our butts off … I take offense … I had to let off steam.” She was allowed a few seconds to squeeze in that the Board is two years behind on the Comprehensive Plan’s fiveyear review. It was Eugena Stacona, a candidate for Treasurer, who criticized retro-budgeting, the practice of the CTUIR by which only money already earned and saved is spent. In other words, the budget for 2018 is covered by money already generated in 2017. Stacona, who extolled her experience as an accountant and administrative analyst, said the Tribes do not follow “general accounting practices,” which, she said, allow no room for retro-budgeting. “It’s not legal,” Stacona said. She suggested that profits from the casino are being used for staff bonuses and dinners instead of increased dividends to tribal members. She said more casino profits should be used for a swimming pool; she said the Tribes spend $85,000 a year for Pendleton swimming pool passes. (Editor’s note: $10,000 is budget each year for swim passes.) “We should be getting ours,” Stacona said. Helen Morrison, the current executive secretary for the


Board of Trustees, who has worked under 10 different Boards, took aim at the current crew when she told the audience they should scrutinize the people they elect. Voters should consider commitment and accountability, past positions, “did they attend meetings, did they call in sick, did they answer your calls, were they here when you came to see them?” She said the nine-member BOT should not be calling all the shots – and neither should Tribal administration. Morrison noted that the CTUIR organizational chart shows the General Council on top, then the BOT and then administration. “It’s topsy-turvy. We’re being run by Administration with the Board in the middle and the General Council at the bottom with no voice,” she said, imploring voters to “know who your candidates are. Can you trust them to be your voice and not work on pet projects?” Not quite a handful of other candidates were critical of the current BOT in one way or another. David Close, who was recalled as BOT Secretary in November of 2016, said he wants to bring “fairness” back to Tribal government. He said the current Board does not follow its own codes and rules. “If the Board doesn’t want to follow its own rules where are we?” he asked. He said the hearings process for employees that are “unfairly” terminated is “not just.” He said “objective” hiring is a farce and said presentation of “evidence” is not adequately considered. He questioned the decision-making of the Tribes’ Human Resources Director (Kathryn Burke) and said “courts are a problem too.” In his closing, he also managed to squeeze in the need to improve social health and attack the methamphetamine epidemic. More about the candidates and their remarks follow: Board of Trustees Chairman candidates Gary Burke, incumbent BOT Chairman, was moved to the front of the line so he could get to his daughter’s wedding rehearsal. He reminded people of his family history and how he worked with his “hands and back” to get where he is today. He began in politics in 2000 and returned in 2013. He was asked about health care and said it was “important for vision, blood, water, drinking, the food we eat.” He did not mention the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center. Elwood Patawa, the third full-time employee hired by the CTUIR in the early 1970s, served as BOT Chair for 12 years from 1973-81 and worked nine years as chief executive officer at Yellowhawk. His topic was code of ethics, which, he said, “is needed at this time.” How to get there is the question. Should a committee be formed? What will constitute an infraction? Who will determine the discipline? “Will it improve or hinder?” Patawa asked, adding on that

Confederated Umatilla Journal

the Board is “supposed to set the standards and is not always doing that.” Board of Trustees Vice-Chairman Jeremy Wolf, incumbent, opened by telling people about his family and growing up on the Umatilla Indian Reservation and now, how honored he is to be a Trustee. About land-use planning, which he used to talk about the Tribes’ land buy-back efforts. Wolf said that while it is the goal of the CTUIR to get lands back to consolidate for tribal management, he also is concerned about the ownership rights of individuals who do not sell their land to the Tribes. Wolf said the CTUIR community has wanted a school and a horse program for as long as he can remember and, toward that goal, the current BOT has been working to accomplish both. He said he is “pretty proud” that the Board anticipates meeting a goal of opening a new Nixyaawii Community School in September of 2019. Shana Radford, with 10 years of experience in “public policy and public service,” has a master’s degree in International Law and International Relations from the University of New South Wales. She said she wants to “return tribal government trust and keep moving forward.” Commenting about youth programs, Radford said she recognizes “overlap” and “problems not communicating” between certain tribal departments and programs. “I’m here to listen, to hear the programs’ solutions,” suggesting more coordination between the Tribes’ Department of Children and Family Services with Yellowhawk’s’ mental health and behavioral health programs. In closing, Radford acknowledged that “one person can’t change everything.” “I want to listen and be a voice for you,” she said, describing herself as a forward thinker. She encouraged more cooperation noting there a “lot of ideas but it takes a team effort from the General Council and the Board.” She also said she wouldn’t “hide” in her office.” BOT Secretary Kat Brigham, incumbent, opened with the perennial announcement that treaty rights must be protected. She said she will be focusing on fish and water as well as better communication and coordination with the public. Speaking about budget and finance, Brigham said the CTUIR is “one of the lucky tribes” that uses retro-budgeting to pay for a fiscal year using money earned the previous year. “We’re not living year to year depending on the federal government,” Brigham said. And, she noted, the Confederated Tribes follow fiscal management policies. In her closing, Brigham admitted she needs to do more to “reach out” to the community. Candidates Fair on page 25A

November 2017

Yellowhawk should be ready for patients in March 2018 By the CUJ

MISSION – The “last pen will land on a desk in March of 2018” at a new 63,000 square foot Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center following more than 14 months of construction. The new facility is located on what’s known as the Bowman Property just west of the Nixyaawii Governance Center on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. It will put under one roof all the health care services currently offered in several buildings, including the old Yellowhawk facility, scattered around the July Grounds in the Mission housing area. Improved patient health care is the number one priority, said Health Commission Chair Shawna Gavin, but there is plenty to be excited about in the new building. Members of the Commission, she said, are particularly excited about the “stunning” dental facilities, which will more than double in size the current space and offer patients much more privacy. Currently there are four dental chairs; the new clinic will have 10 chairs. “It’s amazing,” Gavin said. “There’s a lot more privacy. You’ll be able to look out the window. It will be aesthetically pleasing to the patient while they get their teeth drilled.” The Commission also is enerCurrently there are gized by the solar four dental chairs; power that will the new clinic will offset power usage, starting with have 10 chairs. a 70KW system ‘It’s amazing. currently bid into There’s a lot more the construction. The roofs are preprivacy. You’ll be wired to accomable to look out modate an additional 230KW, the window. It will which will make be aesthetically the building compleasing to the pletely net zero energy consumption patient while they once equipped with get their teeth solar panels. drilled.’ “Tamastslikt has - Shawna Gavin, demonstrated that Health Commission Chair it’s a feasible option,” Gavin said, referring to the museum’s use of solar panels on its carports (the cultural institute also has a wind turbine in its quest to offset all electrical use with renewable energy sources). “Solar panels are just exciting. It’s a move forward. We’re doing it, not just talking about it.” Toward that net zero goal, the heating and cooling system, along with improved insulation and high efficiency windows, are designed to cut the consumption of power to half of the current building code. “The Health Commission throughout the process has had its finger in that part of the pie. We’re going to be down to net zero when it’s finally done,” Gavin said. “That was the goal when we started to build and that’s special to all of us.” Gavin can quickly run down a list of highlights in the new facility, including: l building materials are intended to construct a low-

November 2017

The construction of the health center was scheduled to complete in late summer with a grand opening scheduled for fall of this year. Construction is now scheduled to be completed in December. Pictured above are laborers and construction workers on-site during a guided tour through the facility in mid October. CUJ photos/Jill-Marie Gavin

Greg Ponder leads a tour through the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center in mid October. From left Health Commission Members Martina Gordon, Bob Shippentower, Aaron Hines, Woodrow Star and Chair Shawna Gavin listen to details regarding the multiple quadrants of the building.

From left Health Commission member Bob Shippentower and TERO Commission Member Alan Crawford listen to TERO worker Mike Van Pelt explain the vision of the center courtyard to be placed at the new Yellowhawk building. Van Pelt is speaking to Health Commission member Woodrow Star. In the background are construction contractors helping lead the tour.

maintenance structure. l the architecture is designed for better patient flow and integrated health services. l medical exam rooms and counseling rooms will expand to double from 10 to 20. l two telemedicine rooms will offer specialty work not available within the local area. l activity rooms will be available for prevention and community health. l employee work areas are all team rooms where staff will work together to provide patients the complete services they need. l due to team-room concept, additional talking rooms are available for private conversations throughout the building. l conference rooms are dividable into three sections similar to the way the General Council chambers can be separated. l a demonstration kitchen will offer cooking classes for patients. l there will be exercise rooms for supervised workouts. l larger team rooms for Behavioral Health group sessions as well as private consultation rooms. In general, Gavin said, the areas will allow more flexibility for future medical services. There will be areas for physical therapy, audiology and optometry, which will be brought on in the first year of the clinic’s opening.

Gavin wanted to give a “shout out” to earlier Health Commissions that had the foresight to set aside money to start the process toward a new clinic. “I don’t know what year but I know Sandy Sampson was chair. That Health Commission had a vision for a new clinic,” Gavin said. “It’s exciting to get it done now.” Gavin said she remembers when she was first appointed to the Health Commission, member Myrna Tovey raised her hand and asked, “Is this going to happen or are we just talking about it?” “We got it done so Myrna can see it,” Gavin said. Tovey retired at the end of October from the Commission after several years of service. Gavin also named Betty McLane for her work on the project. “Betty was crucial. She was painstaking with the numbers. If she thought there was anything out of place she stopped the process until it was figured out,” Gavin said. Moving in by March is not going to be an easy task. Some of the existing equipment, such as the X-ray machine, will have to be dismantled, moved, and then put back together. All new dental equipment will have to be installed. “It won’t be the same as when we moved from below to NGC,” Gavin said. “It won’t be a matter of boxing things up.”

Confederated Umatilla Journal


CUJ Editorials Arguably the most brilliant autumn tree in the July Grounds sits between Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center and the fitness center at Nixyaawii Eagles Nest gym. It was turning brilliant red and orange in late October as temperatures dipped into the 20s.


The visible wounds of war

ndians across this land have carried a warrior spirit since the creator placed us on the land. That warrior spirit has protected the people, animals, lands, and waters since time immemorial. Prior to contact with non-Indians, we warred with each other over resources. All wars cause destruction, death and wounds. Indian people had a number of ways to recognize warriors who were wounded in battle. A warrior may have an eagle feather that was split on the left or right side of the feather’s shaft to indicate on which side he or she may have been wounded. They may have a tattooed marking on their body to account for their wound. Their regalia may have an indication that they received a wound in battle. Or their horse may have a painted marking acknowledging their wound in battle. In 1775, the American war for independence from Great Britain erupted in the 13 colonies along the Eastern seaboard. The colonies formed volunteer armies to stand against the British King. To better coordinate military efforts, the Second Continental Congress formed an Army to be led by George Washington. General Washington desired to have a badge that would honor the service of his soldiers. The practice at that time was only for high ranking officers to receive badges and medals for service. General Washington established the Badge of Military Merit. By 1932 the Badge of Military Merit became the Purple Heart. A purple ribbon, trimmed in white, with a suspended gold heart, with purple inlay and a gold profile of George Washington. This medal would be awarded to members of the armed services “being wounded or

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killed in any action against an enemy of the United States or as a result of an act of any such enemy or opposing armed forces.” Over 44 million men and women have served in the armed forces of the United States. Nearly two million service members have received the Purple Heart since 1917. This medal is awarded in the name of the President of the United States to service members who have an injury caused by enemy bullet, shrapnel, other projectile or force of instrument. A service member is not nominated for this recognition, rather it is authorized when the record indicates the service member was wounded or killed in action. The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation will be the second tribe in the United States to become a Purple Heart Reservation. We have a number of veterans who were wounded in battle and have been awarded the Purple Heart. These warriors deserve our gratitude for their willingness to give everything for their love of our homelands. This small gesture of becoming a Purple Heart Reservation will recognize their huge contribution to the defense of our way of life. This coming Veterans Day, take the time to remember and thank those living veterans who have served and take some time to listen to their stories, if they will honor us with their words. ~ CFS III

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November 2017

CUJ Op-Ed/Columns Sexual assault: Responsibility, reluctance and healing By Jill-Marie Gavin


ver the last month I began to see the statement “Me too” pop up in my social media feeds. Each time I saw these words I had a small jolt in my stomach. I scrolled past them quickly and tried to avoid reading these messages. “Me too” is a social media movement that started years ago to expose the widespread tragedy of sexual harassment and violence; it lets women know that they are not alone. I didn’t avoid the message for the first few days because I didn’t approve or agree with the movement, but because it was a call to action that I didn’t feel prepared for. When I saw women I loved, respected and admired share the words “Me too” I began to feel a Jill-Marie Gavin sense of responsibility and reluctance all at once. I felt responsible because I know every woman has people who look up to her and are influenced by her and reluctance because I feared the opinion of others if I harnessed enough bravery to share my story. When you admit to being sexually assaulted or harassed there is a sense of shame that you have to overcome. When I was 21 I was raped. I was raped by a man that I loved and thought I could trust. Like many women I never reported the assault.

The reason I have not shared this story before is because being a rape survivor requires a healing period that is different for each person. It has been eight years since this happened to me and I am only now ready to share it. Another reason I haven’t been able to share it before is because of the shame that comes with sexual assault. Shame is also why I am writing this now. The definition of shame is as follows: a painful emotion caused by consciousness of guilt, shortcoming, or impropriety. A woman or girl who has been assaulted should not feel this emotion. Consciousness of guilt, shortcoming or impropriety insinuates that she has done something wrong. To my sisters who have been hurt, you have done nothing wrong. By holding my experience in, because I am embarrassed of what someone did to me, only perpetuates the idea that I somehow caused my assault. I have learned after years of reflection, counseling and prayer that I was in no way responsible for what happened to me. My healing began when I finally opened my mouth and sought help. My reluctance to share this message was because I was afraid of what people would think of me. How would they see me now knowing that I am damaged? It took me a few days but I overcame this thought because of the realization that I am no less of a woman because I was assaulted.

No woman is less worthy or damaged goods because of something someone did to her. All of my Native sisters have a unique burden to bear. In a study conducted by the Department of Justice 56 percent of Native Women said they have experienced sexual violence, that number is 2.5 times higher than any other ethnic group of women in the U.S. Numbers like these let me know that we are not alone. After seeing all of the messages of support among Native women in this community I know there is more suffering in silence. If we can come together and help each other on the path to healing then our families will be stronger because of it. My hope is that if even one woman reads this and decides that she no longer wants to suffer in in solitude she can unburden herself and it will all be worth it. Whether it’s sexual assault in the workplace or sexual violence in the home, keeping assault a secret only harms the victim. Facebook posts and newspaper articles are not going to be the best outlet for most women, but hopefully a sister, friend or doctor can be the listening ear someone needs most. Jill-Marie Gavin is an enrolled member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. She is a reporter at KCUW Radio and has worked as a reporter and editor for the Confederated Umatilla Journal. She also has been a caseworker for the CTUIR Department of Children and Family Services.

CUJ Letters to the Editor Minthorn endorses Radford

To the Editor, My name is Antone Minthorn. I have a given Indian which is Big Dawn. The name was given to me by my grandmother who was Nez Perce. My blood is also Cayuse and Umatilla. I come from Thorn Hollow and that is where I live today. My tribal council experience began in 1981-82 when I was elected to the General Council Chair, and on the Board of Trustees, as your Chair. Those are the days when tribal self-government and economic development were the goals. We had very little money, but we had a big vision, and great heart. As we can see, those goals. For example, Nixyaawii Governance Center and Wildhorse Casino and Hotel, have been achieved and now we must sustain them for future generations. As this 2017 Election season is upon us, I know there is a great deal of discussion in our community about candidates that possess the capabilities and vision to take the Umatilla Tribes to the next level. Candidates that have the willingness to take our programs and enterprises to the cutting edge of performance. I have had the privilege to observe the growth of a young Tribal member who has tackled both the challenges and opportunities that were in front of her, Shana Radford. Shana does understand that a strong economy allows investment into tribal cultural preservation. For instance, the Longhouse, Tamastslikt Cultural Institute, and Nixyaawii Community School. Shana has achieved educational successes and program management skills, all while solely providing as a parent. Shana is a former Hatfield fellow; she spent a year in Washington, D.C., working directly within the

November 2017

halls of Congress and on behalf of the Oregon Tribes. Ms. Radford has learned from the best off the reservation, to bring it back to the reservation. Ms. Radford has a broad and strong network across Indian Country with supporters being current and former Tribal Chairperson(s) and top rate executives. It’s rare to see a young person that has prepared herself so well for an elected leadership role with our Tribal government. I hereby provide my support to Shana Radford for Vice-Chairman. Sincerely, Antone Minthorn

If elected, Bob Shippentower would revisit employee rights policies

In 2015, there was a revision of the tribal personnel policies and procedures manual that removed numerous rights of tribal employees. If elected this November, I believe a top priority should be to re-instate these employee rights. I was on the BOT at the time and have first-hand knowledge of the situation. Having served multiple terms on the BOT it is obvious that executive management does not like to be questioned on decisions concerning employees, especially on adverse actions, such as terminations, suspensions without pay, and lay-offs. It was obvious that executive management engineered these revisions. The “due process” procedures now available to affected employees is not real due process, it only appears on paper to be due process. For example, there is a provision in the manual that states that if the situation goes to tribal court that the court shall defer to the (termination, suspension) decision of the management except in only extremely limited

Confederated Umatilla Journal

circumstances, which will not occur in the real world. This provision guarantees that the employee appealing a termination does not have a chance in court, as the court must comply with the manual. This is not a criticism of the tribal court, this is a criticism of the legislative provision in the manual. Thus, this provision needs to be legislatively repealed by the BOT and removed from the manual. Another example is before this revision I wrote an appeal for a tribal member employee who had been laid-off. The appeal was successful as the department director reversed his own lay-off decision and reinstated the employee to full employee status. Now, after the revision, employees can appeal a lay-off only if management gives them permission to appeal! This provision also needs to be repealed. Lack of space precludes discussing other employee rights that were taken away by this revision in 2015. During the three lengthy BOT work sessions on this revision of the manual, executive management was sitting in the back of the room acting as if they had nothing to do with removing the rights of employees. Executive management had their subordinates up front making their case for them; Dan Hester was the tribal attorney defending the revisions. During these discussions, I argued strongly against every revision that reduced employee rights. However, when it came to vote, then Vice-Chairman Leo Stewart and I were the only BOT members who voted against approving and adopting the revised manual. If elected, I will definitely put the important issue of employee rights on the BOT agenda. Thank you, Bob Shippentower 541-969-3574


CUJ Almanac Obituaries Violet Rose McGuire May 19, 1947 - Oct. 18, 2017

Violet Rose (Burke) McGuire passed on October 18, 2017, surrounded by her family, at her home in Fairview, Oregon. She was 70 years old. Violet was born on May 19, 1947 in Pendleton, Oregon to Videll Burke. Violet grew up in Pilot Rock, Oregon with Lorena & Gordon Chapman, and family, and graduated from Pilot Rock High School in 1966. In high school she was active in the pep club, FBLA and was a majorette in the high school marching band. After graduation, Violet moved to Boise, Idaho to attend business school. When she returned to Pendleton she began her career at the Bureau of Indian Affairs, later transferring to Portland, Oregon where she met her husband of 42 years, Brian McGuire. Violet gave 30 years of service to the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission as the Commission’s Recording Secretary and Human Resources Specialist from the time of its formation in 1977 until 2007. In this role, she was responsible for compiling and distributing the Commission’s agenda and recording its deliberations and actions. Her meticulous work strengthened the authority of the Umatilla, Warm Springs, Yakama, and Nez Perce Tribes for co-managing treatyprotected resources under federal court orders and agreements among the tribes, states, and the Federal Government. As part of her human resources work, Violet was part of the inception of the Northwest Native American Human Resources Association, where she served as secretary. She will be remembered by her colleagues for her attention to the details of the Commission’s work, her knowledge of the Commission’s history, and her beautiful handwriting, her smile, and her infectious laugh. After retiring from CRITFC in 2007, Violet spent time with her family traveling the United States. Some of her favorite traveling memories were visiting the beaches of Oregon and Hawaii, Graceland, Washington D.C., San Francisco and the Golden Gate Bridge. Most recently, Violet took a road trip with her sister to Waco, Texas to see her favorite TV stars, Chip and Joanna Gaines. Becoming a Grandma was one of Violet’s greatest joys. She loved to shop for her grandchildren and often found the coolest outfits and one-of-a-kind toys. Her grandkids called her an “awesome gramma” and knew she would do anything for them. Violet will be remembered by many for her bright smile, kind heart, and keen fashion sense. She loved to laugh and was very festive during any occasion. She always put her family first and enjoyed cooking and bringing family and friends together. Violet is survived by her husband, Brian McGuire, her mom, Videll Bronson (Virgil Bronson), sister Verna Patrick (Marsha, Aaron, Ryan Ashley and their families), brother Richard Bronson (Bryon, Jesse, Kylie, Billy Bronson and their families), sister Lawanda Bronson (TJ and Bobby Parrish and their families), children: Gary McLaws, Monika McGuire (Vernon Smartlowit), Kyle McGuire and Kaeleen McGuire, her grandchildren Cole Sazue and Summer Smartlowit. Sisters-in-law, Mary Anne McGuire Hickey, Rosaleen McGuire Flynn (Nora, Brian, Megan, Theresa Flynn and their families), Monica McGuire and many cousins, nieces, nephews, extended family and countless dear friends. She was preceded in death by her grandfather Richard Burke, grandmother Elizabeth Woods, brothers Ronald Bronson, Wendell Bronson, Vern Bronson, Bryson Bronson and her granddaughter Karlee Rain Sazue.


Kirby Pete

Public notice

April 5, 1965 - Oct. 17, 2017 Kirby Tye Pete 52, was born April 5, 1965 to Lillie Yazzie Pete and Gilbert Pete in Arizona. He passed away on October 17, 2017, Pendleton Oregon. Kirby was raised in Low Mountain, AZ by his Cheii’ Pete and Maasani’ Alice Bedonie, whom he loved dearly. Kirby graduated from Many Farms High School, Many Farms Arizona. He also attended Haskell Indian University in Lawrence Kansas and Kicking Horse Job Corp in Ronan Montana. He later attended Electrician Training where he obtained his license as a Manufacturing Plant Electrician. Kirby was a member of the Navajo Nation in Arizona. Kirby lived in Arizona for much of his early life, he married and had a son Kyle Tye. In 1988 he came to Oregon to participate in the Tygh Valley All Indian Rodeo and never looked back. Kirby met Celeste Reves, they married and he moved to Pilot Rock, OR and had 3 more children, Tyera Alice, Taylor Alaine and a baby boy whom died at birth. Many years later he also had another young child, Talen Allyn. Kirby worked for Louisiana Pacific Lumber Mill in Pilot Rock for many years. He continued to work as the head manufacturing plant electrician when the company changed hands to Kinzua Resources and later Boise Cascade. Kirby love to rodeo and could always be found with a rope in his hand, roping whatever moved, whether it be the kids or the dogs or on the back of a bucking bronc. He has passed his love for rodeo on to his beautiful daughters. Kirby is survived by his children ; Kyle Tye Pete Dennehotso, AZ; Tyera Alice Pete, Pablo Montana; Taylor Alaine Pete, Edmond Oklahoma; and Talen Allyn Pete, Pilot Rock OR: his wife Celeste Reves; mother Lillie Pete, Arizona; sisters: Felipita Quinones, North Carolina Joanne Deschenie, Arizona; and Ardith Pete, Arizona; brothers: Clendon Pete, Arizona Vernell Keams, Nevada; Darryl Thomas, Arizona; Edison Yazzie, Warm Springs, OR. Kirby was preceded in death by his infant son, Father Gilbert Pete, and grandparents Pete and Alice Bedonie. Traditional Services were held at 9 am Tuesday, October 17, 2017 at Burns Mortuary followed by dinner at Mission Longhouse. Disposition will be by cremation and remains will be taken back to Arizona to be spread by his daughters at a later date. Burns Mortuary of Pendleton is in charge of arrangements. Sign the on line condolence book at

Death Notices Edward “Five Crows” James February 18, 1937-October 16, 2017

Edward “Five Crows” James was born FEb. 18, 1937 and died October 16, 2017. Dressing was held Oct. 17 at Burns Mortuary and Washat Services were held at St. Andrews. Sunrise Burial was held Oct. 18 at Homley Cemetray followed by a meal at St. Andrews.

Cara M. Ganuelas

September 10, 1962 - October 2, 2017 Cara M. Ganuelas was born September 10, 1962 and died October 2, 2017. Dressing and viewing was held at Burns Mortuary on Oct. 5 and Washat Services were held at the Mission Longhouse. Catholic Mass was held Oct. 6.

Dianna E. Picard Heay

March 6, 1945 - September 30, 2017 Dianna E. Picard Heay was born March 6, 1945 and died September 30, 2017. Funeral Services were held at St. Andrews Catholic Church on Oct. 7 with a Rosary and a memorial mass.

Nancy Dee

May 9, 1964 - October 17, 2017 Nancy Dee was born May 9, 1964 and died October 17, 2017. Viewing and visitation was held at the Pioneer Chapel on Oct. 19. Graveside Services were held at Olney Cemetery in Pendleton on Oct. 20.

Corrections October Edition page 18A: Eagles are currently going to the national repository . October Edition 28B: Audrey Shippentower is 21 years old.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Weather Weather information summarize data taken at the Pendleton Weather Station from Oct. 1-30. The average daily temperature was 50.9 degrees with a high of 76 degrees on Oct. 6 and a low of 31 degrees on Oct. 30. Total precipitation to date in Oct. was 1.41” with greatest 24hr average of 0.65” Oct. 21. Nine days out of the month had precipitation level greater than .01” with three days greater than 0.10 inches, and one day greater than 0.50.” The average wind speed was 8.6 mph with a sustained max speed of 38 mph from the West on Oct. 22. A peak speed of 49 mph occurred from the South on Oct. 22. The dominant wind direction was from the West. There were 17 clear, 12 partly cloudy and one cloudy day in the month of October. Air Quality Index values were elevated due to wildfire smoke in the month of October.

November 2017

Jobs Career Opportunities at the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation

1- On-Call Public Transit Bus Driver/ Dispatch 2- Special Victims Criminal Investigator 3- Tribal Linguist 4- Master Speaker-Nez Perce 5- Language Program Manager 6- Education Culture Coordinator 7- Equipment Operator I 8- Indain Educaiton Coordinator 9- Biologist III 10- NGC Receptionist/Secretary I 11- Communications officer (Dsipatcher) 12- Cooks/Computer Lab Assostant 13- Hanford Archaeologist 14- Facilities Maintenance Technician I 15- Police Officer 16- Rangeland Management Specialist 17- Public Transit Bus Washer 18- Secretary I 19- Public Transit Program Manager 20- Enviromental Health & Safety Oficcer 21- Building Inspector

For more information visit: Office of Human Resources Online employment-opportunities


THE CITY OF PORTLAND, Oregon’s Bureau of Development Services is recruiting for multiple positions and invites you to apply! Upcoming recruitments include: Building Inspector II - Open Now, Plumbing Inspector Open Now, Commercial Plans Examiner, Video Production Specialist, Geographic Designer III, Principal Management Analyst, Development Services Technician I, Development Services Supervisor, and Inspections Division Manager. For details and to apply visit https://www.governmentjobs. com/careers/portlandor. New recruitments posted every Monday!

Community Watch Senior Center at 4:30 p.m. Upcoming meeting: November 30

Community Forum

Senior Center 5:30 p.m. November 28

Pendleton Pioneer Chapel received three prestigious awards in 2009

Board of Trustees

General Council

Chair Gary Burke

Chair Alan Crawford

Vice Chair Jeremy Wolf

Vice Chair Kyle McGuire

Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower Secretary Kathryn Brigham

Secretary Jiselle Halfmoon Interpreter Thomas Morning Owl

At-large BOT Members: Armand Minthorn General Council contact Info Office: 541-429-7378 Aaron Ashley Email: Woodrow Star Meeting updates and information on:

CTUIR Executive Team :

Interim Director: Debra Croswell

General Council Meeting

w The Oregon Funeral Directors Association Award of Funeral Service Excellence w The Best Of Eastern Oregon Award as voted by the readers of the East Oregonian

Nixyaawii Governance Center, 2 p.m. - November 16

w Pendleton Chamber of Commerce 2009 Business of the Year

Draft agenda:

1. Third Quarter CTUIR Financial Report Rosenda Shippentower, BOT Treasurer Our experienced family provides caring, compassionate care including:

Burial Services ~ Military Services Cremation ~ Monuments

November 2017

CTUIR Express Phone Directory

Tribal Court 541-276-2046

Human Resources 541-429-7180

Department of Children and Family Services 541-429-7300

Science & Engineering/Air Quality Burnline 541-429-7080

Enrollment Office 541-429-7035

Senior Center 541-276-0296

Finance Office 541-429-7150

TERF 541-276-4040

Finance – Credit Program 541-429-7155

Confederated Umatilla Journal 541-429-7399

Confederated Umatilla Journal


CUJ Candidate Questionnaires covered more than six pages.) Others picked and chose the questions they wanted to answer and, in some cases, only a few questions were answered. This story summarizes most of the questionnaires that were submitted. All of the questionnaires with full - unedited - responses can be found in a link on the Tribes’ website: Scroll down to Latest News to 2017 CUJ Candidate Questionnaires and click on Read more. Responses are listed with incumbents listed first, unless the incumbent didn’t submit a response. Remaining candidates follow in alphabetical order. If you do not see a candidate listed it means they did not respond to the questionnaire.


. Challenger ELWOOD PATAWA, “a public servant to this tribe for 40 plus years,” is the only candidate who submitted a response. Patawa served as BOT Chair from 1981 to 1993 and was chief operating officer at Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center from 1996 to 2009. (Editor’s note: The CUJ erred in its print version when it said Patawa resigned three times from the BOT. He resigned one time as BOT Chair in 2011.)

Patawa said he would decriminalize marijuana for medicinal purposes but “it needs to be a decision of the people.” He said he hasn’t seen any effort to address climate change, that codes should be updated yearly, and that there needs to be a drug abuse assessment to determine the extent of the problem and then identify resources to address the issue.


Kyle McGuire’s unedited version is on the webpage. Currently the General Council Vice-Chair, McGuire counts himself as “trustworthy, intelligent and optimistic.” He would like to see the development of a warming station that includes laundry facilities and said he likes the “all-under-one-roofof-learning” concept of the proposed Education facility. McGuire would let voters decide on decriminalization of marijuana. He finished the survey with these two responses: What Tribal government services should be provided to non-enrolled family members of CTUIR enrollees, if any? McGuire: “Dental. I would like them to smile as we do.” And, If one of the best ways to serve the people is giving your time, what ways have you given back to your community? McGuire: “I gave community the name my mom choose to call me.”

BOT VICE-CHAIR Elected two years ago, JEREMY WOLF is the current BOT Vice-Chair. He also serves as Chair of the Fish and Wildlife Commission and Chair of the Tribal Farm Committee. With a bachelor’s degree in Natural Resources, Wolf has had several jobs with the CTUIR ranging from Head Start Teacher’s Aide at the age of 14 to Fisheries Biologist. Wolf, the father of three, supports a K-12 school on the Reservation and a horse arena. He thinks the larger school can eventually be part of the proposed Education Facility currently being considered by the Board of Trustees. As for the horse arena, he said it should be part of the Wildhorse expansion. Wolf would push for a BOT code of ethics and changes to the Executive Management Policy and the Board policies to “increase the line the sights for our chain of command and accountability.” Wolf would develop and expand the July Grounds with veteran and community involvement to create a “gathering


place we can be proud of.” He would like to buy HUD housing units in segments over time “so that we can truly manage ourselves.” He advocates redeveloping Lucky 7 and notes the current plans for new middle-income homes on the Bowman property. He also noted that the Tribes are working on a credit union to provide an avenue for larger home loans through the Tribes and/or 99-year leases. Although Wolf sees the benefits of hemp as a cash crop and the medicinal uses for marijuana and, further, he disagrees with the way marijuana is classified as a Schedule 1 drug (like heroin and cocaine), he can’t support decriminalization for pot possession. “Federally we share a trust responsibility and currently possession of marijuana violates federal criminal law. Consequently, federal deputation of Tribal Police to enforce federal criminal laws is at risk if we conflict with federal law,” Wolf writes in his questionnaire. “Finally, in 2016, the BOT heard reviews and opposition by the Law & Order Committee and Housing Commission with the Health Commission supporting it through a split vote. Ultimately, as a Trustee, I cannot support our decriminalization of marijuana possession on the UIR at this time. SHANA McCONVILLE RADFORD, candidate for BOT Vice-Chair, was among a handful of hopefuls who provided detailed answers. Among other things, Radford said she would bring an “empathy” to her decision making because to “problem solve you need to know the people and care about their lives – through listening and engagement.” She said empathy is especially needed in dealing with drug addiction. Radford said the first way to fight the drug problem is to admit there is one and then develop a strategy to “stop the misuse, dealers and stigmas.” She would advocate for a treatment facility, more trauma-informed care and less punishment. Radford is in favor of decriminalizing marijuana and, as a former member of the Warm Springs Cannabis Regulatory Commission, says she could bring experience and expertise to the CTUIR government. Her ideas about community development would include community-use facility, student and seniorliving housing, areas for youth and elder activities, and a skate park. She said she would rely on the already-in-place CTUIR Comprehensive Plan and Transportation Plan. Radford also suggests the possibility of a minimum wage for tribal citizen, increased higher-education scholarships, and changes to the loan-repayment fund. In the answers she gives in her full on-line questionnaire, she explains the predicament young families, particularly single mothers, find themselves in when they try to afford child care. If elected, Radford would like to see more attention paid to climate change. “I believe we are hindering our tribe when we underestimate the realities of climate change,” she writes. “We cannot escape climate change; we must adapt to it.” Radford said the community needs to be more aware of the CTUIR Comprehensive Plan. She’d like to take it on the road with the rest of the Board, key program managers and staff to share at community meetings and town halls. Radford would like to see “greater coordination of blending of funds, resources” for programs that currently provide “overlapping” services.


N. KATHRYN “KAT” BRIGHAM is seeking re-election to a position she’s held five times. Her expertise has been in fisheries issues; she served on the CTUIR Fish and Wildlife Commission, the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, and the Pacific Salmon Commission. She’s been tracking water issues in the last two years and now serving on the Water Commission. Brigham said she is hopeful any new Education facility will include a new high school. She said the CTUIR needs their own water-treatment facility. Brigham said she would measure the success of the Wildhorse expansion by repayment of the loan, an increase in visitors to the casino, and an increase

Confederated Umatilla Journal

in revenue. Brigham said she’d leave the question of marijuana up to the community, reminding the community that it needs to understand the “pros/cons short-term and long-term of decriminalizing ... and then if the CTUIR membership wants a change [then] plan for it.” She said the Tribes can do much more about climate change by “working with other Tribes and states.” CEDRIC WILDBILL has experience in public relations, gaming management and social services as a former alcoholand-drug counselor. Now he’s a small business owner. Noting the CTUIR has no tax base, which is the standard way by which municipalities and other government entities pay for services, Wildbill said a tribal economy will have to rely on a middle class developed by small tribal business owners. Employment is the key to a healthy economy, Wildbill said, adding that tribal members should be able to establish long-term careers in tribal government, at Wildhorse, at Cayuse Technologies, or at Yellowhawk. Wildbill said he could support decriminalization of marijuana but he doesn’t think the Tribes should be in the business of growing or selling pot on the reservation. As for drug addiction, Wildbill points out that at least half the onus has to be placed on the person with the addiction. “As a former alcohol and drug counselor, it has been my experience that it’s not about us the treatment providers,” he wrote. “It’s about the person with the addiction who may or may not want to make a change in their lives … What I have learned is the addicted person has to want to change to stop using and the counselor is there to provide appropriate counseling towards work, education, health and family. It’s 50 percent on the client and 50 percent on the counselor to make change.” Read more at

BOT TREASURER Running through the questions, EUGENA STACONA would encourage completion of sidewalks, trails and lighting - already outlined in planning department documents - designed to keep community members safe. She wants to build more houses and stores on the reservation. Stacona said a school for kindergarten through high school is needed. “We have already increased at Nixyaawii School to capacity and shouldn’t turn students away because the school isn’t big enough to accommodate potential students who wish to attend the school,” she wrote in her responses that are posted on the CTUIR website. Stacona would decriminalize marijuana for medicinal purposes and she advocates for solar and wind power. She would create a middle income economy by hiring and providing on-the-job training so Umatilla Indians can eventually take over employment through a “succession planning scenario” implemented through the Tribes’ Human Resources Department. And she believes Mission needs “true community policing that includes the Neighborhood Watch and tribal police cruising the reservation to be a visible presence.” She wants an alcohol-and-drug rehabilitation center, transition housing that includes employment opportunities, plus Alcoholic Anonymous/ Narcotics Anonymous meetings seven days a week with counselors available.


Seven of the 11 candidates for BOT member at-large responded to the questionnaire. That list includes two members of the current Board – Woodrow Star and Rosenda Shippentower. Two incumbent BOT at-large members – Aaron Ashley and Armand Minthorn – did not submit questionnaires for inclusion in this story or for the website. The five challengers that submitted answers include JillMarie Gavin, Sally Kosey, Johnny Sampson, Bob Shippentower, and write-in candidate Shawn Joseph. After election history and government service, the third Questionnaire on page 11A

November 2017

question asks about character traits and skills. WOODROW STAR, seeking re-election to a job he’s held since 2012, is a horseman and much of his focus is on a long-sought-after horse program. “I try to use horses to help,” he writes in his questionnaire. “I want to see a ‘new’ version of our whole Tribe as a ‘Horse People’. My answer sounds simplistic, but covers a large area of community involvement. A complicated path towards self-respect and pride in who we were.” Besides his most recent political work, Star has had a single career in law enforcement. He prides himself on an ability to work with people through difficult situations to reach positive outcomes. On the issue of cannabis, Star wrote, “Marijuana legalization is inevitable. We need to start planning now, how to deal with negative affects when it becomes legal on CTUIR.” JILL-MARIE GAVIN has never run for office, but she offers a strong platform as a single parent “well-versed in the daily struggles” of families in this area. Gavin said her demographic as a single parent is not represented in the Board room A trained journalist, Gavin currently works at KCUW. She has worked at the CUJ, twice serving as an interim editor. She also has worked more than two years as a Social Services Assistant Caseworker. She has worked with the CTUIR Youth Leadership Council for years as an advisor. Recently appointed to the CTUIR Housing Commission, Gavin is concerned that the prospect of increased pay is endangering current housing arrangements because the more you make the harder it is to qualify for the low-income homes in the projects. Running down her points, Gavin would increase the amount of an emergency loan; increase the individual amount of assistance and the family amount of assistance; dedicate a percentage of scattered-site homes to be used as transition homes for homeless families; and develop a grocery store on reservation. Gavin is adamant in her support to decriminalize marijuana. “… The arrest of tribal members found to be in possession of less than an ounce is not only ridiculous it is also producing another barrier for those members by way of fines and criminal convictions,” she writes in her on-line questionnaire. “There are already enough barriers; we should not be adding more. While the legalities and federal repercussions of going against nationwide laws can be damaging for all our federal funding, there must be a way to get this ball rolling. When WRC (Wildhorse) and CTUIR stopped testing for THC (the psycho-active ingredient in marijuana) for pre-employment the obvious step should have been decriminalization. The question of whether to move towards legal recreational use should not be one based on morals but based on the wish of the Tribe.” At the least, Gavin said, testing for THC should be removed from the drug-testing panel for eligibility to receive public housing, “especially considering many who are entering the housing units come from town where marijuana is legal.” SALLY KOSEY has never served on a CTUIR elected body, but she was a member of the Nixyaawii School Board for eight years. She considers herself well-organized and efficient, self-motivated and assertive, with excellent communication skills and the ability to work independently. Kosey writes that the Tribe needs to “train our people to take over positions that non-Indians hold.” Kosey looks at cannabis in two ways. First, she supports decriminalization. “Most recreational marijuana users are just that. It would reduce criminal penalties, incarceration. Legalization appears to be the best remedy. You have allow alcohol the reservation.” She also sees economic benefits. “I feel with the growth of hemp and marijuana and the rich land we have we could develop an industry of income and employment on the reservation,” she wrote. Toward that economy, she also suggests that families could be assisted [financially] in establishing businesses to put their skills to use.

November 2017

Candidate campaign signs popped up in late October as the election for the Board of Trustees and General Council approached. The election is Nov. 14 with polls open from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. at Nixyaawii Governance Center, 56411 Timine Way, in Mission.

Kosey supports expanding Nixyaawii Community School to include middle school or even K-12. Further, she would develop a “tribal school” and get out from under the Pendleton School District charter. (Kosey is a big NCS booster, often leading cheers at basketball games.) Kosey would amend the liquor codes to allow sales at Mission Market and Arrowhead. She would change the elder retirement code to age 62 and she would increase the stipend for elders. Kosey also would look at the potential for providing compensation time for certain employees, such as gaming, police, fire fighters and fisheries who do not always work regular hours. She believes the CTUIR needs an in-house drug and alcohol treatment center. She said the biggest drug problems are meth and heroin. She said housing is unsafe and that the community and police need better training. JOHNNY SAMPSON, 29, is a 2007 graduate of Nixyaawii Community School and considers himself a traditionalist who actively hunts, fishes and gathers foods on tribal ceded lands and on the reservation. He grew up serving in the longhouse during feasts, memorials and namings, and participates in Washat. He’s worked in Tribal Fisheries and in the Tribal Education Department. Sampson lists his top character traits and skills quickly: listen first, respect, traditional values, solve problems and find solutions, not afraid to speak up, and 1855 treaty rights and constitution. He has a list of eight community development needs in the Mission basin: a new school for K-12; a new gymnasium, pool, fitness center and baseball/sports field complex; longhouse improvements; new elderly housing and low- and middle-income housing; new transition house for alcohol and drug treatment; expansion of tribal member-owned businesses; internet and Wi-Fi for all; a new senior center. Sampson supports a cannabis referendum in which voters could decide whether or not the CTUIR should consider marijuana as a business to grow and sell pot off the reservation. He supports tribal member patients’ use of medical marijuana. On climate change, Sampson said the Tribes “need to become independent and begin creating our own food sources – tribal owned, small farms to provide our own fruits, vegetables, clean water, cattle, sheep, etc. – so we have a local source of healthy foods into the future. We need to develop our own clean energy, recycle, and create clean-energy jobs and businesses on the reservation – like wind, solar, etc.” Sampson would amend the land-use code to make it easier for tribal members to build houses and he would amend the criminal code to allow tribal members with valid prescriptions to use medical marijuana. He would also advocate for a referendum or initiative process to be written into the CTUIR Constitution to give tribal members the opportunity to establish laws and policies. To battle the “meth and heroin drug epidemic on the reservation” he would increase law enforcement effort, provide more and better treatment efforts, and increase prevention

Confederated Umatilla Journal

endeavors. Sampson also would consider providing health services at the new Yellowhawk clinic to non-enrolled family members if it would bring in additional revenues that could improve overall services with better physicians, specialists, etc. He would analyze the options and present it to the General Council before any action was taken. BOB SHIPPENTOWER, who served as a BOT at-large member from 2009-2015, said this: “While some will question my outspokenness on tough issues, and some may disagree with my opinion(s), that is all right. No one has ever questioned my personal integrity, honesty, and principles on tribal issues. I have, and will, continue to bring personal integrity to the BOT table, if elected.” Shippentower was elected General Council Chair in the 1980s, but was then recalled in the 1990s. In his questionnaire, Shippentower said that now that the $84 million Wildhorse expansion is underway he would “slow down” before considering further development. He supports the expansion, though, based on feasibility studies. “The business forecast is positive so this is a risk that I cautiously support,” he writes. “We all need to remember that in every business venture there are inherent risks, and potential unforeseen risks.” He wants high school to prepare students for the “next level,” whether that is college, university, or vocational training. He said Nixyaawii Community School might consider a “more demanding curriculum.” Shippentower supports decriminalizing marijuana just like other local, state and tribal governments have done “without large negative results.” He wrote, “I do not want to see anyone prevented from getting a job, denied educational opportunities, barred from military service, etc., because they have a criminal record of merely possessing a small amount of marijuana.” Shippentower said he would address personnel policies relating to employee rights and would push for changes to the Election Code regarding the recall process. As for drug addiction issues, Shippentower – like Cedric Wildbill – was mindful that the individual with the problem has to step up first. “Not everyone with addiction problems will seek out or even acknowledge their situation,” he wrote. On the legal side of the addiction situation, Shippentower asks, “Do the tribal police and prosecutor really go out and investigate the situation? There are obvious some people who are financially profiting from selling methamphetamine and other substances to our people. However, we never hear of any arrests and prosecutions being made.” ROSENDA SHIPPENTOWER is running for BOT member at-large after several years as BOT treasurer. She served as Candidate questionnaire on page 24A


Left, nothing nice about Kelsey Burns, who was among the spooky characters at the Hoo Hoots Pow Wow Oct. 31 on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Randy Minthorn was a creepy clown at the Hoo Hoots Pow Woo on Halloween Night at the Mission Longhouse on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Ava Munoz, 18 months old, probably didn’t know what to think about some of the costumes at the Hoo Hoots Pow Wow Oct. 31.

Mick Schimmel as Hugh Heffner with Lily Picard wrapped up like a mummy. The sophomore class took turns wrapping Picard in toilet paper.

Happy Halloween

Everyone from Abe Lincoln to dinosaurs marched in during the Grand Entry at the Halloween party in the Longhouse on Oct. 31 on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Hiyuum Nowland was taking no prisoners in his army Ninja costume.

The three Watchman girls react to Halloween with curiosity, excitement and exhaustion. From left, the sisters are Lillian Watchman, Aniah Watchman with the candy, and Annalise Watchman with the piercing eyes.

Winners of the contest among employees of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation were, from left, Briana Spencer and Chris Dennett, who shared first place; Jaime Munoz, third; and Miranda Rector (Rosie the Riveter), who was second.

Ataw Miyanasma Daycare children gathered in front of the Nixyaawii Governance Center for a Halloween photo.


Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

White House blocks money for tribal housing on Columbia River By Deborah Wang, Northwest News Network

The White House is blocking money to build new tribal housing along the Columbia River. That’s according to five members of the Washington and Oregon congressional delegations. The $1.5 million in federal money would have funded planning for development of new housing for four tribes — the Nez Perce Tribe, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Reservation, the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation, and the Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation. Their members were displaced beginning in the 1930s, when construction of Bonneville, The Dalles and John Day dams on the lower Columbia River flooded homes, villages and traditional hunting and fishing grounds. For years, the tribes have argued the government has not made good on its promises to fully compensate them. Some tribal members have continued to live along the river in mobile homes and dilapidated temporary housing. Earlier this year, Congress approved $3 million for the Army Corps of Engineers to begin planning new housing near The Dalles Dam. The Corps had half

November 2017

‘Now, as a cold windy winter is about to set in, the timing could not have been worse to pull the plug on this program.’ - Charles Hudson, Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission

of that money in hand. To continue the work, the Corps needed the White House’s Office of Management and Budget to “re-program” $1.5 million from elsewhere in the Army Corps’ budget, according to congressional sources. Last week, staffers from the offices of U.S. Sens. Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell of Washington, U.S. Sens. Ron Wyden and Jeff Merkley of Oregon and U.S. Rep. Earl Blumenauer of Oregon were told by staff at the White House’s Office of Management and Budget that

the money would not be forthcoming. The reason: According to one Senate staffer, the White House has other priorities. OMB also argued the Army Corps should not be in the housing business. In a letter to OMB Director Mick Mulvaney, the five members of Congress asked for reconsideration of the White House decision. “The federal government has a legal and moral responsibility to address the unmet obligations of the United States to the four Columbia River Treaty Tribes … for the loss of tribal homes and villages associated with the construction of The Dalles Dam more than 65 years ago,” the letter stated. Charles Hudson, the Director of Government Affairs for the Portland-based Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, which represents the interests of the four tribes, called the White House decision “disappointing.” “Now, as a cold windy winter is about to set in, the timing could not have been worse to pull the plug on this program,” Hudson said. The Office of Management and Budget did not respond to emails and phone calls requesting elaboration.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Studded tire season in Oregon begins Nov. 1 MISSION - The studded tire season in Oregon begins Wednesday, Nov. 1, and runs through March 31, 2018. The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) encourages drivers to consider other types of traction tires or chains. A study completed in 2014 concluded studded tires cause about $8.5 million in damage each year on state highways. Alternatives to studded tires • Chains: Link chains, cable chains or other devices that attach to the wheel, vehicle, or outside of the tire that are specifically designed to increase traction on snow and ice. Drivers should note that link chains may not be recommended for use on some types of vehicles; check your owner’s manual. • Other traction tires: Other types of traction tires are available. These traction tires meet Rubber Manufacturers Association standards for use in severe snow conditions and carry a special symbol on the tire sidewall showing a three-peaked mountain and snowflake. They work about as well as studded tires on ice, but work better than studded tires or regular tires in most other winter conditions. And they cause no more damage to road surfaces than regular tires. ODOT provides bad-weather driving tips and how-to videos online at http:// winterdriving.aspx.


Yellowhawk Community Health Department Transition Effective October 23, Carrie Sampson, Quality Director, will step in as the interim Community Health Director. Carrie holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Community Health and has worked with the Community Carrie Sampson Health Department providing operational support and leading the Public Health Accreditation efforts. Carrie can be reached directly at 541-215-1965 or carriesampson@

Yellowhawk News

Our vision: Our tribal community achieves optima Our mission: We strive to empower our Tribal community with op

November is National Diabete D

uring the month of November we would like to focus attention on how you and your health-care team can help prevent and/or delay prediabetes and diabetes. Up to 80% of people with pre-diabetes, if they do nothing, will develop diabetes. Health care preventative action such as getting screened, knowing your risk factors, and the signs and symptoms of diabetes, are some of the first steps. Being proactive in your healthcare and lifestyle, such as healthy eating and being active is the second. Patient-centered Medical Care is the model of care in which patients actively participate in their

health care and goal-setting as a partner with the health-care team. Diabetes is not inevitable! Be proactive in your healthcare!


ou are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you: •are overweight or obese •are age 45 or older •have a family history of diabetes •are African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander •have high blood pressure •have a low level of HDL (“good”) cholesterol, or a high level of triglycerides •have a history of gestational diabetes or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more •are not physically active (the recommendation is a minimum of 30 minutes per day) •have a history of heart disease or stroke •have depression •have polycystic ovary syndrome, also called PCOS •have acanthosis nigricans—dark, thick, and velvety skin around your neck or armpits


ou can also take the Diabetes Risk Test to learn more about your risk for type 2 diabetes ( overview/risk-factors-type-2-diabetes/ diabetes-risk-test).


Confederated Umatilla Journal

Pre-diabetes can ventive measures a


here are man eating, activit screenings. Eat He processed food and fruits and vegetable Activity can and n life! Park farther fro out of your car ever drive-throughs! The foods anyway! Hemoglobin A1C test completed in th 5 minutes. The A1C over a 3-month per If you test positive it rechecked at least diabetes have had before being diagn pre-diabetes is any diabetes is 6.5 and The American Dia if you are 18 years tors (see above), yo Blood pressure i be done annually an the US, heart disea Blood pressure is a heart is working. The proper way whether in the hom sition for a few minu it. Take a couple of d with both feet on th to, just relax. If your

November 2017

s & Events


al health through a culture of wellness. pportunities to learn and experience healthy lifestyles.

es Awareness Month

n progress to diabetes if no preare taken.

ny aspects of prevention; healthy ty and getting routine preventive ealthy by reducing the amount of d sugar drinks, eat real food like es. needs to be in every part of your om the door, use the steps, get ry chance you get and don’t use ey are only for highly processed

C (also called A1C) is a screening he clinic; results are available in C is an average of blood sugar riod. e for pre-diabetes, you should get t once per year. Many people with the disease for up to 5-8 years nosed. Normal A1C is below 5.6; ything in the range of 5.7-6.4 and d higher. abetes Association recommends s or older and have two risk facou should have a screening A1C. is another screening that should nd should be less than 140/90. In ase is the leading cause of death! a good measure of how well your

y to check for blood pressure, me or clinic is to be in a seated poutes and relaxed before checking deep breathes, uncross your legs he floor, don’t talk or be spoken r blood pressure is elevated and

it’s not getting better, ask your health-care provider what you can do in addition to diet and exercise. Yellowhawk (YTHC) offers a home blood pressure monitoring program to help you keep it in check. To get your blood pressure kit, you can contact Mystie Haynie at or 541-429-4925. The American Heart Association also recommends getting your cholesterol checked regularly if you are 40 years or older. Heart disease is on the rise and prevention is key! Ask to have your cholesterol checked at least annually. Smoking increases your risk of developing diabetes, heart attack, stroke and cancer. Stop smoking!!


here are several programs offered through Yellowhawk Tribal Health Clinic Health Promotion department: The Health Promotion team includes Health Coach Shoshoni Walker she can be reached at or 541-215-1976; Health Educator Shawn MacGregor at or 541-215-1978; and Dionne Bronson can be reached at dionnebronson@ or 541-429-4922. Together they offer health coaching, nutrition counseling and group classes such as strength training, couch to 5K, water aerobics and Tai Chi, Live Well, Live Strong, Diabetes and Chronic Pain Management. If you have diabetes, high blood pressure or elevated cholesterols and are not getting better, ask your health-care provider what else you can do. The first step is a healthy diet and exercise. Talk to your provider! Sign up for a class, Be Proactive!

Infant Touch Massage Class When: Every Wednesday from Nov. 1 through Nov. 29. 2017 Where: WIC Building Time: 9-10 a.m. Who: Infant babies up to any age child

November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Local Resources for Help with Meth Addiction Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center Behavioral Health: 541-215-9680

Columbia Valley Education Specialist: 541-240-4154

Eastern Oregon Alcoholism Foundation 541-276-3518

Please Join Us in Going Tobacco Free! Umatilla County Health Partners, including CTUIR are participating in the American Cancer Society Great American Smokeout.

JOIN US Thursday, November 16th, 2017 Talk With A Tobacco Cessation Counselor Take a Pledge Get a Gift Bag Get the Wall of Support Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center - 732654 Confederated Way 8 a.m. - 3 p.m. in Main Lobby Contact LeAnn Alexander 541-215-1977


Confederated Umatilla Journal

Umatilla County Human Services

Pendleton: 541-278-6330 Hermiston: 541-564-9390 Milton-Freewater: 541-938-3988

The National Suicide Prevent Lifeline 1-8090-662-HELP

November 2017

Parents of autistic sons will speak at Community Autism Awareness Day here A Community Autism Awareness Day and presented over 30 of the world’s is planned for November 20, 2017 at the leading experts presenting new intervenYellowhawk Tribal Health Center Large tions, research, personal experiences Conference Room. and challenges. The featured speakers will be Clifton Autism Spectrum Disorder is a lifelong and Christine Bruno whom have worked disability that affects not only the indiwith youth and family programs for over vidual but the family as well. Although society has gained knowledge related 20 years. to ASD in the last 20 The Brunois have 4 years, the behaviors adult sons, 3 which are exhibited by individuals in the Autism Spectrum. In 2003 the Bruno’s, with ASD may appear with Ed and Carol odd, threatening, and Edmo, started the Naunacceptable in social According to the Oretive American Parent situations. gon Autism Society facts Support in Portland, OrASD is not diagnosed and statistics: egon, and then founded at birth leaving parents, - About 1 percent of the The National Indian family members and world population has auParent Information friends to believe the tism spectrum disorder. Center. Both provide child will develop nor(CDC, 2014) training and informamally. Many parents - Prevalence in the tion to those parenting developed concerns United States is estispecial needs children. when their child is 18 to mated at 1 in 68 births. The Brunos are 24 months of age and (CDC, 2014) Trainers of Positive Infailed to develop lan- More than 3.5 million dian Parenting (Nationguage skills. The child al Indian Child Welfare may regress socially, Americans live with an Association), Expandappearing to lose interautism spectrum disoring the Circle: Youth est in the world around der. (Buescher et al., Transitioning (Univerhim or her. Many family 2014) sity of Minnesota), and members suspect hear- Prevalence of autism Indigenous Games. ing loss, but tasting later in U.S. children increased Clifton is a Wasco Tribal proves that not to be the by 119.4 percent from member, cultural precase. 2000 (1 in 150) to 2010 The cause of ASD senter, and Traditional (1 in 68). (CDC, 2014) Salmon Baker, Men’s remains a mystery and Autism is the fastestparents struggle to unTalking Circle Facilitagrowing developmental tor. Christine’s heritage derstand why their child disability. (CDC, 2008) is Basque, Comanche has ASD. Having a child - Autism services cost and Irish with degrees with ASD can bring a U.S. citizens $236-262 in Social Work, Mennumber of changes billion annually. (Buetal Health and Human to the family and the scher et al., 2014) Services. parents. Recognizing - Cost of lifelong care We have been gathhow having a child with ering community memASD affects parents’ can be reduced by 2/3 ber’s together whose lives and identifying with early diagnosis and lives are affected by positive coping strateintervention. (Autism. gies is necessary to Autism. Several fami2007 Sep;11(5):453-63; understand and support lies in the CTUIR comThe economic consethose parents, family, munity are requesting quences of autistic specand community as they diagnoses services and trum disorder among care for their child. resources for family children in a Swedish Although improved members who seem municipality. Järbrink K1.) diagnosis and environto fit the Autism Spectrum. There are numermental influences are ous gaps in services two reasons often conand needs for children, sidered, scientists say adults and families. that 50% of the increase is unexplained. Therefore it is important Sissy Falcon and Aaron Noisey of to bring the autism community together Family Strengths are leading the efforts as one strong voice in our community to to address these needs. Our effort began listen to our concerns and take action to August 24-27, 2017, when Sissy Falcon, address this urgent health crisis. CADC1/Special Projects, JShon ThompOur Awareness Day will offer panels son, Family Strength Mentor and Joan of parents, grandparents, teens and Starks, MS,NCC,LPD from Yellowhawk children themselves on the Spectrum. Behavior Health Department, attended The panelists will describe their personal the United States Autism and Asperger experiences with ASD, the challenges World Conference in Portland, Oregon. and transitioning through the life span. This conference is held yearly by the One specific area discussed will be bulUS Autism and Asperger Association lying and ASD.

Community Autism Awareness Day November 20, 2017 ~ 8 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center Large Conference Room Lunch will be provided Sponsored by Yellowhawk Behavioral Health The Awareness Day is open to the public but please register by calling: Aaron Sissy

Autism facts

November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Fight against cancer leads Taylor on quest to improve Women’s Health By Jill-Marie Gavin for the CUJ


n the winter of 2015 Julie Taylor was diagnosed with breast cancer. She has stayed strong with a positive and aggressive outlook on health and healing. “When you’re told you have cancer, when you hear the word, the first thing that pops into your mind is thoughts of your children and family,” said Taylor, the director of the Department of Children and Family Services for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. She said she was flooded with questions like “how do you feel?” or “Are you okay,” or even just long moments of silence, she said it’s often hard to find the words. After these thoughts subsided she immediately and firmly caught her footing and got all of the deJulie Taylor tails worked out for treatment. She was intent on navigating the complicated system of healthcare to ensure that she had the best possible chances of beating this thing. With a lot of help from the American Cancer Society (ACA) Taylor was able to make her appointments, garner resources for travel and lodging, and reach out for support in her battle. er She said those were the first things she ironed out because she didn’t want to have to worry about travelling to chemotherapy and maneuvering through the confusing details of how everything would get paid for. With private insurance and a combination of treatments paid for by Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center she wanted to make sure she could get the best medical resources available. She said the ACA helped her tremendously, not just in terms of the technical details of treatment, but also with counselors and support groups that offered their advice in moving forward and remaining grounded in day-today life. In addition to her help from the ACA the Warrior Sisterhood of Tri-Cities became a common place for her to draw strength from, and more locally, the Spirit Program of Pendleton. Taylor took some time off of work to relax with the support of friends and family. The support of her previous partner Emiliano Delgado proved to be a stabilizing factor in her recovery. After her diagnosis Taylor had genealogy studies that test to see if breast and ovarian cancer run in her family. There were no results that showed she would face this battle; not one test came back with any hereditary indicators. It was her tenacity for prevention that helped her catch it early. She said she has always done her women’s health exams, specifically mammograms, to keep an eye out for any issues. It was at her mammogram in 2015 when they found a lump and diagnosed her with stage-two breast cancer. After that things moved swiftly and she immediately had an operation to remove the mass. She went through four rounds of chemotherapy over a four-month period following her surgery and she continues her oral medication to fight off the

cancer today. After two weeks of time to think and gain strength she returned to work. Taylor said, “You don’t want to just give up, you have to keep moving and keep working.” The process of telling co-workers was hard for Taylor as well; she said she Family support remained an important part of Taylor’s recovery process. She invited family to share things of her staff as in her story. From back left, Babette Cowapoo, Meleah Fuentes and son Joseph Higheagle, Sunshine family. She worried Fuentes, Ellen Taylor, Bryson Bronson, Candice Cowapoo, from front left, Alyric Bronson, Jack Jones, about the reaction Julie Taylor , Marlene Taylor and Betty Burke. CUJ photos/Jill-Marie Gavin from her employees and the emotional pain they would feel and was eager to support them and ensure them that she was going to beat her illness. When you’re told you As the months of her chemotherapy rolled by she began to lose her hair, which is something she said have cancer, when you hear people don’t always think about when they begin the word, the first thing treatment. Taylor said some people are able to embrace the that pops into your mind istransformations caused by chemotherapy, but the thoughts of your process of her losing her hair was one of the hardest parts of her journey. She said to step into the shower children and family. and pull out clumps of her own hair was traumatic. It was at that time that she made the decision to shave her head. The process of shaving her head - Julie Taylor she said was extremely painful and emotional. She had her daughter Jacqueline Jones take part in this moment. She said her daughter pleaded with her to try and save her hair and suggested different ways to style it but Taylor knew what had to be done. She said it was hard and there was a lot of crying, but continued with her optimistic attitude that she is known so well for. Even after the trauma Taylor said she did manage to make the process of wearing wigs and headbands fun. “Thank God for people who donate their hair for wigs and I was able to get resources to help pay for them,” she said. She talked about how she admires women who are able to bear their baldness, but she didn’t want to be reminded of her struggle every time she At the moment of her diagnosis Taylor said she thought of her passed her reflection. family first. Here from left is Julie Taylor with her granddaughter Now Taylor said she remains conscious of her Brooklyn and her son Sid Jones. health by working out, eating right and staying on top of her tests and treatment plan. The other thing she wants to stress to everyone cheon, put on by CTUIR Employee Wellness Cooris to be aware of how a person’s body can commudinator Kristi Gartland, all of the things that she has nicate with them before finding out from a doctor gone through and how to spread awareness among what is going on. women. Leading up to her diagnosis she said she was exShe said above all she really wants to express to periencing extreme anxiety and she had a gut feeling other people to do their screenings because it might that something wasn’t right. save their life. She said she will have to continue her She said, “We have to have more awareness of treatment for at least five to ten years. what our bodies are trying to tell us. Always get To those going through the process of cancer checked, if you feel like something isn’t right get to treatment Taylor said, “You have to take time for the doctor.” yourself spiritually, mentally and physically. Pray Taylor recently shared at a women’s health lunand be strong.”

“We have to have more awareness of what our bodies are trying to tell us. Always get checked; if you feel like something isn’t right get to the doctor.” - Julie Taylor 18A

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Ian Sampson and Robby Bill inspect their work before Spook Alley opened to those who dared to enter.

Fall Family Fun Fest

Freshman Luis Ortega drives the ball against soon-to-be Nixyaawii Community School basketball teammate Deven Barkley.

Feather Najera throws her ring with flare at the Fall Family Fun Fest sponsored by Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center. The two-day event included a kiddie carnival, jumping castle, sumo suits, tug-o-war, food, three-on-three basketball and foods at the July Grounds and at Nixyaawii gym.

Kelsey Burns tormented the community as no ordinary clown during Spook Alley.

Phyllis Orna, in black, helps Abigayle McIntosh go fishing at the Fall Family Fun Fest while Ruth Jackson, far right, watches. Celila is hiding in pink behind Orna. CUJ photo/Dallas Dcik

Ellamae Looney drives the ball against Lynnette Minthorn during the 3-on-3 tournament.

November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Julian Simpson pleads guilty to 2016 murder By the East Oregonian

PORTLAND - Julian Darryl James Simpson pleaded guilty Oct. 27 to the murder of Tony Jimenez Jr. of Pendleton. His will be sentenced for the crime Feb. 1 at the U.S. District Courthouse in Portland. Simpson, 24, admitted guilt to seconddegree murder for shooting and killing Jimenez on March 19, 2016, on the Uma-

tilla Indian Reservation, according to court records in the federal case. Simpson, defense attorney Benjamin T. Andersen and prosecutor John C. Brassell signed off on the deal, which packs a sentencing recommendation of 25 years in prison. Judge Michael W. Mosman accepted the terms. The plea came four days before Simpson’s trial was set to begin. Co-defendant Victor Joseph Contre-

ras, 24, in July pleaded guilty to assault resulting in serious bodily injury, as well as possession and shooting a firearm in connection with the assault. He faces more than 10 years in prison, according to court documents. His sentencing is Jan. 25, also at the federal courthouse in Portland. Judge Anna Brown is presiding over both sentencing hearings. Simpson remains in the Multnomah County Jail, Portland,

and Contreras is in the Columbia County Jail, St. Helens. Simpson and Contreras were attending a party at the home of Beau Welch on the reservation in 2016. Court document show Welch decided to end the party, and Contreras objected. Jimenez stepped in to help Welch. During the confrontation outside the house, Simpson and Contreras opened fire. Welch took a bullet in his lower left leg, and Jimenez died in the driveway. The case landed in federal court because Simpson and Welch are members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian and the crimes took place on Indian lands.

CTUIR Gaming commissioner removed Oct. 16 MISSION – A hearing held Oct. 16 resulted in the removal of one Gaming Commission member and the advertisement of an open position. Following the hearing, the Gaming Commission went before the Board of Trustees (BOT) to recommend the removal of commission member Shannon Galloway. Galloway’s gaming license was revoked due to a minor infraction outside of her role on the commission. Gaming Commission Chair Becky Burke went before the BOT to report on the results of an investigation done before Galloway’s license was revoked. According to the Gaming Commission Code a member is not eligible to remain on if they do not hold a license. Galloway was not present for the hearing, which had been rescheduled two times, and was eventually removed by the BOT later that day. According to Burke she had been contacted by phone, mail and certified mail regarding the date and time of the meeting. The BOT voted on the matter with the end result being 4-0-0. Treasurer Rosenda Shippentower chaired the meeting because Gary Burke and Vice Chair Jeremy Wolf were both on leave that day. Voting members included Secretary Kat Brigham and members at large Aaron Ashley, Armand Minthorn and Woodrow Star.

Happy Birthday Gus! We appreciate everything you do!

From Vanessa, Appollonia, Rachel, Virginia, Odie, and Stupid


Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Purple Heart event here Nov. 9

MISSION – The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) will be recognized as a Purple Heart Reservation on Nov. 9 and four Tribal Purple Heart recipients will be honored. Purple Heart medals are awarded to soldiers who were wounded or killed as a result of enemy action while serving in the United States Armed Forces. August 7 of each year is considered Purple Heart Day. Currently there are four known living CTUIR Purple Heart recipients – Robert Shippentower, Marion Kipp, Leon Sheo-

November 2017

ships, and Bruce Bearchum Sr. These four will be honored on Nov. 9 by the George St. Denis American Legion Post #140 and the CTUIR Veterans Program. “The day is to bring awareness to vets who have served in combat and were wounded,” said Toni Cordell of the CTUIR Veterans Program. “It will be an emotionally charged day.” “It’s good to honor all the natives who answered the call for the country,” said Shippentower. “We were doing our duty and trying to do it honorably.” Shippentower has received a Purple Heart with One Oak Leaf Cluster, meaning he received two awards for that medal. His first wound was when he was hit in the face with fragments from a hand grenade. “It was hard to know what was going on with all the confusion,” he said. “My

nose broke.” The second time he was wounded was during the Tet Offensive, a series of surprise attacks by the Vietcong and North Vietnamese Forces. “Me and my comrades were the first to enter into the city My Tho. We ran into stiff resistance and I was hit in the arm with some kind of rifle … the bullet is still in there,” said Shippentower. The November event will be held at the July Grounds and begin at 9 a.m. with an introduction of dignitaries. A traditional parade will be held at 10:30 a.m. and the grand entry into the Mission Longhouse will commence at 11:30 a.m. with an honoring of all veterans. Lunch will be served at noon. “On Veteran’s Day remember those veterans that still suffer those unseen scars from trauma of all aconflict,” said Shippentower.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Youth Council Elections, Youth Summit Nov. 18, 19 MISSION – Youth Council Elections and the annual Youth Summit will be held at the Nixyaawii Governance Center on the Umatilla Indian Reservation from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Nov. 18 and 19. Registration is on site with breakfast to be served at 9 and lunch at noon each day. The young people will elect a new chair, vice-chair, treasurer, secretary and members at large for both Junior Youth Council (6-8 grade) and High School Youth Leadership Council. For more information contact Julie Taylor or Corinne Sams at the Department of Children and Family Services at 541-429-7300.


Oregon Trail Gallery & Trading Post

621 Sixth St. in downtown Umatilla

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Pepsi Primetime asks: ‘What does it mean to be an American?’ MISSION - Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum presents “What Does it Mean to be American?” on Saturday, Nov. 4, from 1-2:30 p.m. at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Admission is free. Developed by the Oregon Humanities Conversation Project, this discussion led by Ellen M. Knutson, asks a complicated question. The United States is a culturally diverse nation with residents who can trace their heritage to countries across the globe, and our diversity is projected to continue to increase over the next several decades. Given the differences of race, ethnicity, place, religion, wealth, language, education, and ideology that exist in the U.S., what are the things that unite us as a nation? How do we understand what it means to be American and what we hold valuable? Share your ideas about what it

DID YOU KNOW? Nez Perce War, 1877

When Old Joseph died in 1871, Young Joseph inherited his birthright and vowed forever that he would not sell the land of his forefathers. In 1873, Indian agents tried to force the Joseph band off of their homeland and onto the Nez Perce reservation. Chief Joseph refused to go, still claiming that the Treaty of 1863 did not represent all Nez Perce. In 1877, the long fight began. This war pitted the non-treaty Nez Perce bands against a force of 2,000 U.S. Army soldiers. Under the orders of General O.O. Howard, Joseph’s band was being forced from his birthplace in the Wallowa Valley to the Clearwater River. Many were able to flee into Canada and avoid capture. After six major battles were fought with heavy losses on both sides and weary of his people’s suffering, Joseph negotiated an end to the fighting. His people were removed to Kansas and Oklahoma, then later to the Colville Reservation. The outbreak of the Nez Perce difficulties in the Wallowa country east of the Umatilla Indian Reservation caused the Umatilla Indian agent to move about 220 Walla Walla and Umatilla people onto the reservation. Gathered from as days go by pg. 84

means to be American and hear others’ ideas to identify differences and points of connection that may lead us toward the ideal stated in our nation’s motto: E pluribus unum (out of many, one). Ellen M. Knutson is a Portland-based research associate at the Charles F. Kettering Foundation where she is a key member of the research team comprised of Russian and U.S. colleagues developing libraries as centers for public dialogue and deliberation. She is an adjunct assistant professor at the School of Information Sciences at the University of Illinois where she teaches a course on community engagement to students in the online Master’s program. Knutson also serves on the advisory committee for the American Library Association’s Center for Civic Life. The Conversation Project brings Oregonians together to talk - across differences, beliefs, and backgrounds - about important issues and ideas. The goal is to connect people to ideas and to each other, not to push an agenda or arrive at consensus. The Project is built on the fact that conversation is a powerful medium to invite diverse perspectives, explore challenging questions, and strive for just communities. Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum is free and open to the public. Refreshments will be served. For more information, go to www.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Pumpkin patch pickin’ Presephone Sampson rolls a pumpkin as she waits to go out to the field.

At left, Chance Squiemphen Jr. and Trenson Farrow “looked down the sights” as they rode the hayride.

Warren Littlefish smiled as he picked up the pumpkin he chose.

Kiya Frost found her pumpkin but couldn’t hide her smile.

Bradley Rivera rests on pumpkins while waiting to go on the hay ride.

Ataw Miyanasma and Cay-Uma-Wa visit Pumpkin Patch

Joshua Azure, Jalissa Dave and their son Eli Azure laugh as they all held the pumpkin Eli picked.

Ataw Miyanasma Tribal daycare and Cay-Uma-Wa Headstart went on a field trip to the Bellinger Farms Pumpkin Patch in Hermiston in late October. The kids and parents went on a tractor hayride throughout the pumpkin field and got to hand-pick pumpkins.Following the hayride and pumpkin picking, the children had playtime and snacks. Cay-Uma-Wa took their Wolf and Bear classes to pick out pumpkins for Halloween. The question that the preschoolers often asked was, “So why can we only get one (pumpkin)?” as they wandered around the field of orange. Both parents and students rode on the tractor that lead them to the field. Kids in the Head Start program inspected each pumpkin closely and precisely. The work was followed by play time in the haystacks and snacks provided by Bellinger Farms.

November 2017

Ki’iis Taula hoists his choice from the pumpkin patch at Bellinger Farms in Hermiston.

CUJ photos by Lennox Lewis and Sammantha McCloud

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Jeremy Azure holds his son, Justice Azure, with his wife Jessie Azure, in this family photo at Bellinger Farms.


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Candidate questionnaire Continued from page 11A

treasurer 10 years from 1995-99, from 200913 and from 2015-17. In between she was a member at-large for four years from 2005-09. Shippentower said she tries to “make ‘walking my talk’ a part of my makeup’” but knows her “relatives and friends will set me straight in a minute if I get off kilter in any manner.” She has doctorate (law), masters and bachelor ’s degrees and has worked in a variety of jobs ranging from cannery work and nurse’s aide to policy analyst and mental health professional. In the Mission Basin, Shippentower would like to consider best uses for the “Kipp property” and the Four-Corners area. She said Lucky 7 needs to be renovated and the Tribes should proceed with a CDFI/Credit Union. The Tribal transportation system needs more attention with more emphasis on walking trails, bike paths and a quarter-mile track with adequate parking. The road and sidewalk system should be safety-oriented for bicycling, skate boarding, horseback riding, and walking, she said. Shippentower would turn the old Yellowhawk building into a community service facility for human services programs such as a food pantry, WIC, care packages, free lunches, weather-related shelter, gently used clothingshoes-coat program, dial-a-ride, Legal Aid and Social Security satellite offices, referral and transition programs, etc. She said the reservation also needs a treatment center, group home and shelter. About climate change, Shippentower suggests some simple fixes, such as leasing more GSA vehicles with better gas mileage and more carpooling. She would set a goal of reducing garbage from the Nixyaawii Governance Center by 10 percent, turning off lights, stop sprinkling grass when it’s raining, etc.

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Shippentower said the CTUIR should consider two Constitutional amendments – staggered terms for elections and primary elections. Remember full responses are online at SHAWN JOSEPH knows he has an uphill battle as a write-in candidate for BOT member at-large, but wants to help if he can. “I am a thinker this keep me to my roots of my upbringing strong and understand, living in the middle of the reservation and seeing what happening each day I want to see what we can do to help make a change.” Joseph would like to see more housing for tribal members and for CTUIR employees. He would bring back a truck stop restaurant (remember Cody’s?) and look into developing a shopping center or mall. He would like to see training and funding for young entrepreneurs who want to start new businesses. He runs his own small business – Shawn D’s Auto Detailing. About marijuana, Joseph said the Tribe should be looking at potential “sales of producing marijuana” because “it is a fast growing industry right now and it going to keep growing.” However, he added, the Tribes also should be asking how legalization will impact housing policy, tribal businesses, and insurance. Joseph advocates mentorships between young people and elders, particularly when it comes to talking about drug addiction. How do you address addiction? “Keep talking to the young generation. If we can have some of our older tribal members speak to them at school or have a talking session in the evening telling some true life stories about it and what changes people had to do to make it. Having high school students paired up with an elder during high school to help teach them about culture and some life stories will help our young generation look at life different. Get people to volunteer to speak to high school students about life after school and get them to look more into college and a career.”

November 2017

Candidates Fair Continued from page 4A

“I sit in my office and don’t go out enough,” she said. “But my doors are open … We think we know the issues, but we can always [learn more].” Cedric Wildbill, a graduate of Mount Hood Community College, said he’s familiar with government-to-government relationships after working on contracts for Boeing. He’s been surveillance manager at Wildhorse Casino, a drug-and-alcohol counselor working state and county officials, and now is a small business owner. He said water rights protection starts at the Columbia River where currently radiation from Hanford is impacting fish. Wildbill predicted that water is the “new gold in the future.” In closing, Wildbill noted great changes over the years but said there are “many things we can do better.” He touted selfdetermination and said a tribal economy can be forged with federal government contracts and strong tribal member entrepreneurship on the reservation. Given the opportunity, Wildbill said, a “new generation” of small business owners “can get there”. BOT Treasurer One of two candidates is going to be the next holder of the Tribes’ purse strings. Doris Wheeler, who currently works for the CTUIR Finance Department, and Eugena Stacona, who took on retro-budgeting, are seeking the officer position. Wheeler is a budget and grants accountant in the CTUIR Finance Department; she is not a politician. She has experience with accounting at Wildhorse and at Tribal Housing and she’s going to Eastern Oregon University to get her bachelor’s degree in business administration. She serves on the tribal Credit Board and works closely with the current BOT Treasurer on financial issues. Wheeler was given a topic of BOT conduct and discipline, which is a tough one on which to comment. She suggested better communication between the Board and General Council and said that leaders should act professionally and set a good example. In her closing, Wheeler said she would promote open communication with tribal members. “Transparency is the key to being treasurer,” Wheeler said. “I plan to keep a line of communication open and constantly review policies.” Wheeler said she would “constantly listen and learn.” Stacona, before she talked about general accounting principles, commented on the topic of a school and Cay-Uma-Wa. She said a school should be the “number one priority.” “Our children should have had a new school a year ago,” she said. The rest of her remarks were laid out above. Board of Trustees At-Large Three incumbents – Aaron Ashley, Armand Minthorn and Woodrow Star – did not attend the candidates’ fair. Two other at-large candidates who did not appear were David Wolf Jr. and Terry Parrish Jr. Jill-Marie Gavin, is a first-time candidate with a background in journalism. She has worked for the Confederated Umatilla Journal and at KCUW Radio. She also worked two years for the Department of Children and Family Services. She said doesn’t see herself, a mother of four, represented by the current board and

wants to represent others that share her values and beliefs. “I can’t promise perfection, but I can promise passion,” Gavin said. Asked to talk about “Hanford fallout,” Gavin pointed to a story in the October CUJ about the CTUIR Field Station laboratory that can detect chemicals in substances. She said the Tribes don’t do enough to address hazardous materials in the entire ceded area, including mega loads. “Everything is important, but natural resources should be first,” Gavin said. Gavin said communications between the BOT and General Council is “missing a chip,” but that she would use her skills as a journalist to provide a window into the Board room. She was mindful that although there are 1,200 tribal member voters in the 978 zip code area, less than half are voting. She wants to engage those who aren’t taking the time to cast a ballot. “There are four member at-large positions with four votes on every issue,” Gavin said. “I want to be one of those votes … I want to help my people advance … I want to see everyone succeed.” Sally Kosey, recently retired from Washington Elementary School, worked for the federal government for 30 years. Like many others, she said she’s most interested in improving communication between government and community. Asked about elder care,” Kosey said “what we want is longevity” so “elder care should be our number one priority.” She said right now “we don’t give [elders] the kind of care they deserve.” When it came around to her closing, Kosey agreed with Sigo about indirect costs. She talked of receiving grants of $1,000 but receiving only about $600 after indirect fees were carved off for tribal government. Kosey said the Tribes need to teach trades like electricians and plumbers so tribal members can run their own shops. She said the CTUIR needs a treatment facility for folks who leave to get clean and then come back to the same old untenable situations. Kosey said the Tribes should be taking advantage of the marijuana and hemp industry, which she called a money maker. Scotty Minthorn, who has degrees in political science and business from the University of Oregon, was picked to talk about tribal administration. He said as long as tribal administration is aligned with the treaty, bylaws and constitution then a “symbiotic relationship” will occur. If elected, Minthorn said, he would protect treaty rights and constitutional rights. He said he believes in education and thinks housing is a good benchmark by which to measure economic strength. Johnny Sampson said he comes from a long line of leaders, from Carrie Sampson to his grandfather Carl Peo Peo Mox Mox Sampson to his father, Don Sampson, former BOT Chairman and CTUIR Executive Director. “I believe I’m one of the future leaders of my people, my clan and my tribe,” said Sampson, telling the audience he’s 28 years old. “It’s my time to step into a leadership role and represent … if you talk I will listen.” His topic was legal counsel/treaty rights protection and he quickly made the point that he won’t pretend to know the answers, “but it is up to us as a people to protect treaty rights and if I don’t know an answer I’d take it to an expertise or experience to find solutions to solve problems.” Bob Shippentower, a “grass roots tribal member,” who has served in a leadership role

a number of times as a member of the BOT and as General Council Chairman. He said his work began with commission appointments before stipends. Asked about education, Shippentower chose to praise the CTUIR scholarship program, which he took advantage of when he attended the University of Oregon and the University of California at Berkley. Shippentower called the Tribes’ educational opportunities “second to none.” In closing, Shippentower said self-determination is best demonstrated through employment. He said he worked in three different departments at Wildhorse, as well as his stints as a leader of tribal government, including as former chair of the Tribal Employment Rights Office Commission. Additionally, Shippentower noted, “when called upon” he joined the military to “live up to the warrior spirit.”

numbers about whether or not dividends would be increased. He said the GRAP is an important policy that needs to be re-visited and, if necessary, redirected.

Before she “let off steam,” Rosenda Shippentower dismissed as a “given” the need to protect treaty rights and sovereignty. Rather, she said, if elected should would focus on land, health and resources. With limited time, she chose to speak about health and in particular the suicide rate. Shippentower said the community needs to “mobilize with the experts” to combat suicide because it “wouldn’t happen if people weren’t hurting.” In response to her subject, “tribal hiring practices,” Rosenda Shippentower said that’s an “area that’s been discussed, rebuilt, complained about and still isn’t working.” She said the ratio of tribal members fully and gainfully employed is “lacking.” However, “It’s difficult as one member of the Board to get something your way and only your way.” She implored tribal members to get out and vote for their leaders before snapping back at those candidates who were critical of the current board.

William Sigo IV, who has an Associate’s degree from Blue Mountain Community College, worked eight years in the CTUIR Cultural Resources Program before going to work at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute. He received his degree in elementary education and has taught school in Umatilla, and at West Hills and Washington elementary school in Pendleton. He spoke about housing and said he disagrees with many of the rules and policies that make it difficult, and sometimes impossible, for tribal members to qualify for housing in the projects. He said he was once told he needed to quit going to college or face eviction. In closing, Sigo said he would offer representation with a “more logical” and “conservative” approach. He said he would extend transit rights to tribal members who, he said, were fired because of their use of the service. He also said he would use solar or wind to generate all the power for tribal government buildings. He said the CTUIR could save “$300,000 a year at least.” Sigo also said pay for tribal leaders should be restructured. He said it isn’t fair for salaries of BOT members to be paid from indirect fees taken away from such departments as Education, and Children and Family Services.

Shawn Joseph is running as a write-in candidate. He was employed 10 years at Wildhorse and now eight years at Cayuse Technologies. He said the “future is technology” and the “future is young.” His remarks were about “work force development and succession planning.” Joseph said he would try to increase the number of tribal member works who sometimes need to take “baby steps” with training that can be “overwhelming.” He said he had no clue about computers when he started at Cayuse. In closing, Joseph acknowledged his uphill election battle. But even if voters don’t remember his name to write on the ballot, he hopes they will remember his issues. He said he runs a small auto-detail shop and wants to run a drive-through coffee shop. “Pendleton is not going anywhere; we need to do that,” he said. General Council Chair David Close, in addition to talking about fairness in government, reminded the audience that he is a former BOT secretary. Before returning the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Close was a professor at British Columbia University in the Aboriginal Fisheries Department, attended Michigan State University, received a masters from the Oregon State University and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Idaho. His stand-up-and-talk topic was the “Gaming Revenue Allocation Plan,” which is what the Tribes follow to distribute how best to use money generated by the casino. Close said that when the expansion at Wildhorse was approved he never saw any

Kyle McGuire, currently the General Council vice-chairman, said he would “take all thoughts to another level” but there’s “something we need to do and that’s elect me as chairman.” McGuire, talking about “community wellness – addiction/suicide,” said he would direct youth and adults to channel aggression in good ways. If we all “used please and thank yous we’d last a long time,” he said. In closing, McGuire said he’s “staying afloat” even though there are times when it seems things will “bubble to frustration.” He said it is okay to “help each other and it is healthy to let down walls.”

General Council Vice-Chair (non-paid position) Michael Ray Johnson said he’s been inspired to run by atway Jay Minthorn, a longtime leader of the CTUIR. He was asked to discuss “prevailing wage/ TERO.” He said tribal members should receive prevailing wage “as they earn it through the TERO system.” In his closing remarks, Johnson touched on self-determination, land ownership, housing and casino expansion. As a meals-on-wheels driver, Johnson said he sees houses empty that should be fixed for people who need homes. General Council Secretary (non-paid position) Shawna Gavin has served two terms as General Council secretary from 2005-2009 and has been a member of the CTUIR Health Commission since 2007. She has served on the Executive Committee and the last two terms as treasurer for the Northwest Area Indian Health Board. There wasn’t much to say but good things about “Neighborhood Watch,” the topic she drew. In her closing, she reminded the audience that General Council is the opportunity for the tribal membership to meet monthly and talk about topics.

Mark your calendar. Nov. 14 from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. polls will be open at the Nixyaawii Governance Center. November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


CTUIR, Colvilles meet on Bear Paw project

MISSION – Three tribes met here Oct. 20 and 21 to discuss improvements at Bear Paw Battlefield in Montana came up one tribe short. However, representatives from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation saw progress in resolving any misunderstandings in the two-day meeting with 18 members of the Colville Tribes at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute. No one from the Nez Perce Tribe attended the meeting. Another meeting with a much smaller group – one man and one woman from each of the three tribes – was agreed to by the Colvilles and the Umatillas, which were to be represented by Armand Minthorn, a member of the CTUIR Board of Trustees, and Bobbie Conner, Executive Director at Tamastslikt. Minthorn, Conner, BOT member Woodrow Star, and several elders including Andy DuMont, gathered with the Colville contingent, which included several of their council members. Minthorn, in a debriefing meeting with Teara Farrow Ferman, manager of the CTUIR Cultural Resources Protection Program, said it was made clear during discussions that Bear Paw is “not a battlefield, it’s a graveyard” and should be treated with the utmost sanctity. “Those people were killed by the federal government fighting for their lives,” Minthorn said.

Tribal members from the CTUIR and Colville Nation gathered at Tamastslikt Cultural Institute in October to discuss options for improvements at Bear Paw Battlefield. Here Bobbie Conner leads the discussion.

The Bear Paw Battlefield, as it is called, commemorates the final battle of the Nez Perce War of 1877, which members of the Cayuse participate in and, where tribes felling to Canada ceased fighting with U.S. troops on Oct. 5, 1877. The site is the same location where Chief Joseph uttered his famous phrase “I will fight no more, forever.” Bear Paw lies within CTUIR traditional-use lands and many tribal members today can trace their lineage back to the battle and surrender that occurred there. In fact, Chief Joseph’s mother was Cayuse. Said Minthorn, “We have the closest tie (to Bear Paw) because of the Cayuse

blood that leads back there. There are many people, friends and relatives from CTUIR who have Indian names from that time of war in 1877.” The October meeting was called so the three tribes could discuss National Park Service alternatives for improvements at the site. The Umatillas and Nez Perce see the need for certain facilities to continue educational opportunities, but want to see minimum ground disturbance. The Colvilles have said they want the NPS to do nothing at all. However, Minthorn said, the Colvilles “started to shift” when the subject of the Americans with Disabilities Act was discussed. Because it is operated by the NPS,

Bear Paw Battlefield must comply with ADA, which means vault toilets must be replaced and the parking lot must be improved. Since that has to happen anyway, the Colvilles may be more receptive to the alternative selected by the Umatillas and Nez Perce. The option – alternative three of four – would construct or reuse a 2,500 square foot building in Chinook for a visitor information station/administrative headquarters, which would be occasionally unattended. The facility would include office space for two employees, unheated storage for maintenance equipment and supplies, a multipurpose room, a public green area/information desk and interior public restrooms. Outside and adjacent to the facility would be 300 square feet of outdoor exhibit space to provide visios with self-service orientation and interpretation of the site when staff is unabailable or at the graveyard. Farrow Ferman noted that the National Park Service could do any of four things. It could do nothing and leave the Battlefield site as is; it could choose a tribal alternative; it could choose its own alternative; or it could choose a different alternative altogether. “If the Park Service selects an alternative we don’t agree with then we take them to court. Litigation is possible,” Minthorn said. “This place is a sacred site. The word ‘cemetery’ came up many times.”

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Education Continued from page 3A

toward construction of an Education facility. In 2015, then BOT Treasurer Aaron Hines dedicated $1 million for planning, and in 2016 the BOT allocated all $5.9 million from a Ramah settlement toward building a new education complex. This year with Wenaha under contract, the Bowman property was identified as the site for the proposed Education facility. It would be built to the west adjacent to the new Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center. Also approved this year, (with a resolution by the BOT), were

Fred Astaire? cost estimates, a development plan, project management, architect services, etc., according to the work session presentation. Meanwhile, Tovey told Vice Chairman Wolf that the Education facility “Project Team” plans to invite public input over the next two months. Wolf had asked that students be added as stakeholders to an organizational chart of roles and responsibilities for the Project Team, the General Council and Board of Trustees. “I’m leery that we don’t have the wish-

list of the students,” said Wolf, adding later that students should have the opportunity to “get all their dreams out there” as a school is planned and designed. Armand Minthorn said the entire community should have more input and be “part of the project.” Wolf told Tovey: “It sounds like you’re plugging that in; I’d like to see that sooner than later.” Tovey replied: “If we’re going to open by the school year 2019 then we’ve got to get that done by the end of the year.”

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

News & Sports The monthly newspaper of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation ~ Pendleton, Oregon



November 2017

Homecoming events bring football season to close MISSION – The “Immovable Objects” took the Mud Wars bracket by storm on Oct. 9 when Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) kicked off their Homecoming Week. Eight teams participated this year, each with at least two females and three males. In addition to NCS students, some school teachers and employees from the Tribal government and Yellowhawk Community Health Center participated in the annual event. Not losing a match, the Immovable Objects squad consisted of Matt Johnson, Syreeta Azure, Shane Rivera, Aaron Noisy, Aaron Ashley and Lynette Minthorn. On Thursday Oct. 12, the Pilot Rock Rockets (PR) faced the Perrydale Pirates for their homecoming game. The Rockets, playing with five NCS players, did not go down without a fight, but fell to the Pirates by a score of 42-14. During halftime, the NCS homecoming court was introduced. The court included freshman princess Adilia Hart escorted by Rueben Bronson, sophomore princess Lark Moses escorted by Mick Schimmel, junior princess Rayvin VanPelt

The Nixyaawii Homecoming Court, from left, is Queen Ellamae Looney, with senior princess Kaitlynn Melton, senior princess Milan Schimmel, junior princess Rayvin Van Pelt, sophomore princess Lark Moses, and freshman princess Adilia Hart. CUJ photo/Sammantha McCloud

escorted by Mario Mora, senior princesses Kaitlynn Melton escorted by Noah Enright, and Milan Schim-

mel escorted by Deven Barkley, making senior Ellamae Looney Homecoming Queen. She was escorted by Dazon Sigo. The football team walked away with three victories with two wins on the road and one at home. On Sept. 15, Pilot Rock beat the Union Bobcats, 36-26. Their next win came against the Enterprise Outlaws Sept. 29 by a score of 22-14. In their final game, a home game, the Rockets blew out the Arlington/Condon Honkers, 54-24. Nixyaawii Community School students who were on the team were Tyasin Burns, Keith Burke-Elwell, William Sigo, Magi Moses and Wilbur Oatman.

Above,the participants didn’t win but they had fun in the mud. Front to back are Ellamae Looney, Kaitlynn Melton, Noah Enright and Quana Picard.

The “Immovable Objects” won the Mud Wars competition with the team of, from front to back, Aaron Ashley, Syreeta Azure, Matt Johnson, Lynette Minthorn and Shane Rivera.

At left, Lily Picard goes head first into the mud in front of Cloe McMichael, Susie Patrick, Tristalynn Melton and Kylie Mountainchief.

CUJ photos/Dallas Dick

Golden Eagles’ hoop dreams begin again MISSION - The defending Oregon Class 1A state champions make a return to the court Dec. 1 against the Dufur Rangers. Anticipating the return of four starters, the Nixyaawii Golden Eagles girls’ squad is hoping to continue on last year’s undefeated stereak to another state title. “Our goal this season is to win state again. This year is bitter sweet and we’ve all been counting down the days until the season started. I want to go out big and be remembered,” said Kaitlynn Melton, of the veterans returning to the team. She’ll be joined by fellow seniors last year;s Oregon Player of the Year Mary Stewart plus all-stater Milan

Schimmel and front-court speedster Ellamae Looney. Additions to this year’s boys’;roster are junior Dazen Sigo, who played at Pendleton High School, and sophomore Quanah Picard, who played last year at Athena-Weston High School. The boys look to contend for another district title and state playoff berth with returning Old Oregon League Player of the Year Mick Schimmel and several other returners. Here’s the early schedule: NIXYAAWII HOOPS SCHEDULE December 1, VG 6 pm, VB 7:30 pm @ Dufur, December 4, VG 5:30 pm, VB 7pm @ Stanfield,

December 12, VG 6pm, VB 7:30 pm vs. Pilot Rock December 15, VG 5 pm, VB 7:30 pm vs Wallowa December 16, VG 4 pm, VB 5:30 pm vs Cove December 20, VG 6 pm, VB 7:30 pm vs Imbler December 28, VG, TBD, VB 7:30 vs Ione January 4, VG 6 pm, VB 7 pm @ Echo January 5, VG 6 pm, VB 7:30 pm @ Powder Valley January 13, VG 4pm, VB 5:30 pm vs Pine Eagle January 19, VG 6 pm, VB 7 pm vs Joseph January 20, VG 3 pm, VB 5 pm @ Wallowa January 26, VG 6 pm, VB 7:30 pm @ Cove January 29, VG 4 pm, VB 5:30 pm vs Powder Valley January 30, VG 6 pm, VB 7 pm vs Echo February 9, VG 5 pm, VB 7:30 pm @ Pine Eagle February 10, VG 4 pm, VB 5 pm @ Joseph

Freshman runner Kenzie Kiona trails a Umatilla contestant at the district cross country meet at Community Park in Pendleton.

Nixyaawii Golden Eagles wrap up cross country season

Mick Schimmel, a sophomore at Nixyaawii Community School, leads the pack at the beginning of the Special District 5 Cross CUJ photos/Sammantha McCloud Country Championships Oct. 27 in Pendleton.

PENDLETON – The Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) cross country team finished its 2017 season at the 3A, 2A, 1A Special District 5 Championships Oct. 27 at Community Park in Pendleton. Although they didn’t qualify for state, the Eagles had three racers who ran personal bests (PR). For the boys, Union won the district meet with a total of 23 points, which means they had all five of their runners in the top 10. NCS sophomore Mick Schimmel placed 21st out of 83 runners and ran his PR of 18:40, followed by

freshman Moses Moses who placed 41st with a time of 19:43, freshman Reuben Sigo Bronson placed 65th with a time of 21 minutes and junior Deven Barkley finished with a time of 25:44. For girls, Enterprise won the meet with a total of 37 points. Nixyaawii freshman Mackenzie Kiona placed 22nd out of 68 runners with a time of 22:36, followed by senior Milan Schimmel, who ran a PR with a time of 23:02 to finish 26th. Senior Ellamae Looney was 43rd with a time of 25:22 and junior Ermia Butler came in at 35:25.

Reese Shippentower finishes football at PHS Reese Shippentower, a senior at Pendleton High School, finished his football career against Hermiston High School at the end of October. It was the last game the Bucks will play against the Bulldogs, who are moving into a Washington league. Shippentower played on the line for the Bucks. He’s pictured here on the sidelines at the Round-Up stadium with his parents, Gene and Cheryl Shippentower.

Too soon to start salvaging deer or elk killed in car collisions

Stanger runs 10th in Montana Ezra Stanger (2917), a member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, is a junior at St. Labre Catholic High School, ran in the Cross Country State Championship at Helena, Montana Oct. 21. He finished tenth individually and his team finished fourth.

SALEM, Ore. - Several times already this year, an Oregon State Police (OSP) trooper has arrived at the scene of a vehicle collision with a deer or elk and the driver has asked if the animal can be salvaged and taken home. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW) offices are also getting such requests. The answer is no, not yet. New rules allowing drivers to lawfully salvage roadstruck deer and elk don’t take effect until Jan. 1, 2019. Calls and questions about the new roadkill law are increasing because wildlife-vehicle collisions peak this time of year. According to Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) statistics, there were 1,160 such collisions in November of last year and 1,052 in October, compared to just 377 in December 2016. That’s because deer and elk are on the

move this time of year, due to their annual migrations that see them crossing major Oregon highways to get from higher elevation summer habitats to lower elevation winter habitats. Deer are also on the move due to their annual “rut” or breeding season which lasts from late October until mid-to-late November. Fewer daylight hours also contribute to higher incidences of collisions. After any wildlife-vehicle collision, ODFW, OSP or ODOT attempt to salvage animals and will donate edible meat to a local food bank when possible. With the passage of Senate Bill 372 by the 2017 Oregon State Legislature, drivers will also be able to salvage road-killed deer and elk for the meat beginning Jan. 1, 2019. For more information about roadkill and what to do if your car hits a wild animal, visit ODFW’s webpage.

Don’t forget to vote. Polls are open from 8-8 on Nov. 14 at the NGC building. Elect your leaders. 2B

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

CUJ Sports Center, Coach Bobi Tallman talks to the team during a timeout. Left to right, the young squad included Tyanna VanPelt, Allyson Maddern, Kylie MountainChief, Cloe McMichael, Adilia Hart, Keala Van Horn, and Alexia Laib.

Young netters end season with victory By Lennox Lewis of the CUJ

MISSION – Nixyaawii Community School (NCS) girls’ volleyball season ended on Oct. 14 as head coach Bobi Tallman and her sidekick Desiree Maddern coached their young squad to a victory. As they played their final game against the Powder Valley Badgers, the Golden Eagles walked away with a victory under their belt. The young Golden Eagles also beat the Pine Eagle Spartans on Sept. 23. The young squad consisted of six freshmen, four sophomores, one junior and two seniors - Kaitlynn Melton and

Milan Schimmel (Schimmel also ran on the NCS cross country team). Before NCS had its own volleyball program, it co-oped with the Pilot Rock Rockets and traveled to practice each day. Assistant coach for the NCS volleyball team, Desiree Maddern, was a part of the first team in 2014. “I feel more confident that we will be better next season,” Maddern said. “We still have a lot to work on, but I see these girls competing for a district title in the near future.” As a freshman in the 2014 season, Kaitlynn Melton played alongside Maddern for two seasons before Maddern would

later become a part of the coaching staff. Melton, who played all four years at the varsity level, has plans to become a neurosurgeon. “I want to thank my parents and grandparents, siblings, my family in general, the NCS staff, and the community of course for always supporting and motivating me,” said Melton. Milan Schimmel decided to join the volleyball team as well as run on the cross country team. She did not participate in her senior recognition for volleyball because the cross country team had a meet the same day. Her volleyball season came to an end sooner than she’d like, but her

running season continued on as she had her district meet on Oct. 27 at Mckay Community Park in Pendleton. “I couldn’t choose one, so I took it upon myself to play both because I enjoy them so much, and it’s my senior year so I wouldn’t want to miss a thing!” said Schimmel. As a student athlete, Schimmel makes education her first priority. She plans on pursuing a degree that involves business and economic development. “I believe there are a lot of things on this reservation (CTUIR) that can be better and we have so much potential, I truly want the best for my people.”

Louie Quaempts top amateur in PGA championship at Wildhorse MISSION – Louie Quaempts was the top amateur at the Central Washington Chapter PGA Championship golf tournament held Oct. 9 and 10 at Wildhorse Resort Golf Course on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Quaempts, a member of the Confederated Umatilla Tribes, shot four-under-par 68-72 for a 140 total, which would have placed him third

among the professionals. Brady Sharp from Walla Walla Country Club won the pro division with a 13-under-par 36-hole total of 131 with rounds of 61 and 70. Second went to Clint Ables from Tri-City Country Club with a 9-under total of 135 with rounds of 68 and 67. Six other amateurs from the Pendleton area competed. Tribal member Jeremy Barkley

was first in Division 2 with gross scores of 76 and 84 for a 160 total. With his 13 handicap, Barkley would have tied for first net with that score as well. Another tribal member, Leo Stewart, shot 99-87 for a total of 186. That tied him for 12th place net and 14th in the gross count. Bruce Mecham, a member at Wildhorse, tied for fifth in the Division 2,

with rounds of 80-91 for 171 total. Pendleton County Club (PCC) Pro Tyler Brooks finished ninth with a 156 total. Also from PCC, Greg Roland Jr. tied for fourth gross in Division 1 with a two-day gross score of 149; Dick Hopper tied for seventh in the same division with a 160 total; and Kurt Hendrix finished tied for 14th with 186 in Division 2.

16 tribal kids play in Pendleton Youth Football MISSION – The Pendleton Youth (PYF) Football program’s annual “Requa Bowl” will take place on Nov. 2. Ron Smith, who works at Cayuse Technologies, is president of PYF this year. He is married to Annie Smith, a member of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation who works in the Tribes’ Higher Education Program. Their son, Sky, is one of 16 Native youngsters participating on PYF teams this year. The non-profit program has two leagues for elementary school-age youth. Briannah Matamoros The junior division smiles before her final football game of the (third and fourth grades) season. ended on Oct. 25 and the senior division (fifth and sixth grades) ended five days after on Oct.30. The PYF program played against teams from the

November 2017

surrounding towns of Milton-Freewater, Athena, Pilot Rock and Hermiston. Sixteen tribal youth played in this year’s program. In the junior division were third graders Evan Minthorn, Hiyuum Nowland and Sheldon Joseph; and fourth-grader Deandre Minthorn. Those in the senior division included sixth graders Bryson BronsonRedcrane, Israel Escalera, Terry Nowland, Tucker Sams, Sunhawk Thomas; and fifth graders Rion Johnson, Briannah Matamoros, Caden Stewart, Cole SoaringEagle, Cooper Tallman, and Landon Van Pelt. The annual Requa Bowl will feature the top two teams from each division playing one another for the championship. Fifth grader Briannah Matamoros was the only female player this season. She played on the front line in the senior division team from Pilot Rock. Her mother, Rachel Matamoros, said “I don’t think it is any different if any of my other kids wanted to do a sport. I just ask her to do her best and hopefully she’s out doing it.” Anthony Nix carries the football for Athena in a game played Oct. 25 on the Pendleton High School field.

Confederated Umatilla Journal


NCS students take classroom to the river


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MISSION – Nixyaawii Community School students in knee-high rubber boots waded in the Umatilla River Oct. 26 dipping nets in the cold water to catch crawdads and insects for a classroom project that tests the dissolved oxygen levels, temperature and ph (potential of hydrogen). They were part of the combined classes – 17 juniors and seven freshmen - of Jewel Kennedy and Chelsea Hallam, who recently received grants totaling $3,886 for science equipment from Diack Ecology Education Program. The class took their field trip to Patricia Thompson’s property up river. “It beats sitting in sitting in a classroom with a textbook,” said Thompson. “To have hands-on experience with the circle of life is a great experience for these

Students from Nixyaawii Community School wade in the Umatilla River looking for specimens to test using new equipment purchased with grants received recently from Diack Ecology Education Program.

youth.” Since the beginning of the school year, students have running tests on the river to determine the health of the water. Teams of students decided they wanted to study the aquatic insects, wildlife, birds, and amphibians through the school year as well. “I want to change the opinion about natural resources; it’s amazing what’s

over there,” Kennedy said. The teachers want to continue the classes with the help of Fred Hill, tribal history teacher. They want him to look into the history of the area and the traditional uses and names of the water systems in the area. Teachers want the classes to move to bigger wetlands with more trips planned up the Umatilla River in the spring.

‘Art of Survival - Enduring the Turmoil of Tule Lake’ exhibit opens at Tamastslikt From Tamastslikt Cultural Institute

MISSION – A new exhibit, “Art of Survival - Enduring the Turmoil of Tule Lake,” which probes the complexity of the Japanese-American confinement site in Newell, CA during WWII, will open Nov. 6. Opening day is free to the public. The exhibit will be on display through Jan. 7, 2018. Called Tule Lake, this location was the largest of the 10 confinement sites and, because anyone deemed a troublemaker by the federal government was relocated to Tule Lake, it ultimately housed people from all sites. Many of the people who were brought in under segregation were people who knew their rights had been egregiously undermined and were willing to stand up to the injustice. Accused of being disloyal in their dissent, they were ironically acting in the most American way. The incarceration of 120,000 people of Japanese descent, most citizens of this nation, was a travesty; Tule Lake was exponentially disturbing. Tule Lake became the only officially designated segregation center. Ruled

under martial law, it was the most controversial of all the camps. Through haunting images of artifacts by fine art photographer Hiroshi Watanabe, visitors get a glimpse into the lives of those who were held at Tule Lake and are encouraged to consider both the orchestration of daily life behind barbed wire and what it might have been like to live with constant turmoil and uncertainty. Oral histories allow listeners to hear varying views on some of the complex issues of Tule Lake in the voices of those held captive. And the art created both then and now, made from seemingly insignificant objects, beckons humility and connection. Promoting education and increased awareness of what can happen when a nation loses reason to fear; this exhibition is designed to inspire critical thinking and action in regards to injustice. It also highlights the power of creativity to maintain dignity and well-being in times of harsh circumstance. As well as looking at daily life, the exhibition explores the following topics: the power of propaganda; up-to-date

terminology relating to the confinement experience; the history behind the incarceration; the difference between a Segregation Center and a Confinement Site; who were the people deemed “disloyal”, were they disloyal?; what happened when the Camp closed? Of note is the photographer whose work is featured in this exhibition. Hiroshi Watanabe is a fine art photographer with exquisite sensitivity. His powerful black and white images are featured in fine art galleries worldwide, including Zurich, Munich, New York, Santa Fe, San Francisco, Boston, Chicago, Tokyo, and Kobe. JoAnne Northrup, director of contemporary art initiatives at the Nevada Museum of Art who has worked with the artist, believes “Watanabe has succeeded in bearing witness to a chapter in U.S. history that Americans must not forget.” This exhibit has been made in cooperation with the Tule Lake Unit of WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument and the US Fish and Wildlife Service. For more information, go to www.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Community News Minthorn to direct a Christmas Carol By the CUJ

TUTUILLA FLATS – Micheal Minthorn is making his return to the stage as a director with a radio adaptation of A Christmas Carol, the book written by Charles Dickens. The play will take place Dec. 21, 22 and 23 at Tutuilla Presbyterian Church and also will be aired on KCUW, the FM radio station owned by the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. The radio broadcast Micheal Minthorn likely will be heard on Christmas Eve, Dec. 24, or on Christmas day, Dec. 25. Casting for eight actors – five men and three women – is scheduled Nov. 27 and 28 with auditions starting at 6 p.m. at Lowery Hall next to the church. Auditions will be open to experienced actors, especially those versatile in voice

characters. Call-backs, if needed, will be on Nov. 29. Although eight actors are needed, the production includes 30 parts. The announcer and the main character – Scrooge – will have lone parts, which means the other six people can each expect to play five parts. In the style of 1940’s radio, actors will use microphones and do all the soundeffects, from bells to footsteps to wind. The music will be pre-recorded by a sound technician. Additionally, the audience will be expected to participate. The audience will be instructed before the show how to engage; it will be queued for applause. Tickets will be available at the door. Tutuilla Church holds around 100 people so seating will be limited. Ticket prices are $10 for adults; $7 for students, seniors and veterans; and $5 for standing room only “seats.” Children under the age of 12 will not be admitted to the shows, Minthorn said. Minthorn was trained in directing, acting and pedagogy at Eastern Oregon

Casting for eight actors – five men and three women – is scheduled Nov. 27 and 28.

George C. Scott played Scrooge in the movie version of A Christmas Carol. Micheal Minthorn plans is directing a radio adaptation of the play at Tutuilla Presbyterian Church in December.

University in La Grande and has several acting roles under his belt. As part of his training at EOU, Minthorn directed Opera Comique by Jackson Nagle. He performed in several shows, often

with no voice. He says he was becoming famous for acting without a speaking role. He played, appropriately, the Indian in “Deadwood Dick or Games of Gold” and the crazy retired colonel in “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” in college productions. Minthorn had professional credits in Ghosts of Celilo on stage at the Broadway Rose Theater in Portland in 2005 and was in the film “Whitman Massacre” produced in 2011 by the National Park Service. Additionally, he and April Curtis teamed to write “Coyote Tales.” “So I’m ready to get back to work,” Minthorn said. “This will be my first directing gig in several years. I’d like to guest-direct and I feel like I need to gain back some credibility.”

America’s Greatest Game Shows comes to Wildhorse Participants dancing to YMCA at the America’s Greatest Game Shows Live On State at Wildhorse Resort and Casino Oct. 29 included, from left to right, Joseph Sherwood of Wapato, Washington, Lucy Gomez of Kennewick, Washington; show host Eric Estrada; Brian Bacus of Pendleton, Oregon’ and Mandy Davis, Estrada’s assistant.

Lucy Gomez was the first contestant chosen during this year’s show.

CUJ photos/Lennox Lewis

November 2017

Suzanne Barnett, ‘Miss Purple’ of Mission, Oregon was one of the members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation that was brought to the stage.

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Criminal mischief results in vandalism to tribal member PENDLETON – When Janene Morris was heading to her car she noticed something shocking and upsetting - someone had vandalized her vehicle with spray paint. “The first thing that you think of is it’s going to cost $1,300 to take off,” said Morris who resides in Pendleton “but I called Dave right away and a few days later he resolved it.” The “Dave” she was referring to is Dave Zimmerman of Zimmerman’s Autobody and Glass in Athena, Oregon. “The longer you wait, the worst it is,” said Zimmerman. He explained that he doesn’t see this type of damage at his shop very often but when it does happen owners should get their vehicles in right away. He said that the longer a person waits, especially if the temperature is above 70 degrees, there’s a chance the paint will never come off. Morris said she is thankful for the quick service that Zimmerman’s Auto-

body and Glass provided. Morris filed a police reports with the Pendleton Police Department as soon as she noticed the damage. According to Chief Stewart Roberts, graffiti and tagging are relatively infrequent in the Pendleton area. However, in October there was an incident where a young lady went up and down a street spray painting the vehicles. The young lady has since been caught. “Several cars were damaged but there was no rhyme or reason to it … it was criminal mischief,” said Officer Roberts. A way to combat graffiti is through a city ordinance that assists owners in purchasing the supplies to cover it up. Officer Roberts explained that when an officer identifies graffiti on property they will notify the owners and within three days the graffiti must be cleaned up. If owners don’t have the ability to pay or don’t have the hardware on hand, they are able to put the expense on the cities

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Wildhorse donates funds to charity Pendleton- Wildhorse Resort & Casino donated funds to Farmers Ending Hunger through their raffle and silent auction at last weekend’s Sawyer Brown Concert and Barn Dance. A total of $2,500 was raised during the event. “The Barn Dance is something we have been considering for a while,” said Juliana Luke, Events Manager for Wildhorse Resort & Casino. “We wanted to create a signature event to host each fall that we can build upon. Future fall events could involve golf or different themes. The Sawyer Brown Concert was a great foundation.” “Knowing Sawyer Brown would be popular, we started thinking about how we could enhance our guests experience,” Luke said. “We ultimately decided on a cool Barn Dance, barbeque dinner and a charitable component for the first year.” Tiah DeGrofft, Community Relations for Wildhorse, mentioned that she had recently become familiar with the organization of Farmers Ending Hunger and she thought they would have a good tie to the barn dance. In 2004, Farmers Ending Hunger founder Fred Ziari attended a meeting to address the state’s hunger problem. He was surprised to see Oregon listed as the hungriest state in America, with 25% of the population eating less than one meal a day. Speaking with Farmers right here in Umatilla County, they agreed that they wanted contribute to combating the issue. Farmer Ending Hunger was born and has since grown into a statewide program in which farmers donate acres of their fresh crops to the Oregon Food Bank. Four million pounds of food are donated through Farmers Ending Hunger each year, 75% of which comes from farmers in Umatilla and Morrow Counties. Lo-

cally, Farmers Ending Hunger and the Oregon Food Bank work with CAPECO to provide everything from farm fresh produce, meat, pancake mix (wheat flour) and more to residents in Eastern Oregon. Each dollar raised for Farmers Ending Hunger helps to “adopt-an-acre.” “$2500 is enough to adopt 10 acres and feed 5,000 families of four fresh produce,” said DeGrofft.

“We are honored to work with a group that is doing such important work and making such a large impact. Many of the hungriest residents we have in Oregon are children, which is just heartbreaking. Wildhorse does a wonderful job of giving back to the communities; collaborating with Farmers Ending Hunger seemed like a natural fit- neighbors helping neighbors! Our concert goers really embraced the cause as well, it was exciting to watch!” DeGrofft collected raffle items from area businesses. “We owe a huge thank you to our friends in the community!” Items included a wine and beer basket from Graybeal Distributing, breakfast for two from Oregon Grain Growers Brand Distillery, a cooler and camp chairs from Pendleton Whisky, basketball and football tickets from Oregon State University, Anthony Lakes lift tickets, a Pendleton Round-Up and Happy Canyon ticket package and a wine basket from Bontzu Cellars. The casino donated some items as well, a suite night at the Portland Winterhawks, an autographed Sawyer Brown Guitar, and a Travis Tritt VIP package. Giving back has always been a tradition of the Wildhorse donation on page 21B

Please Vote for

N. Kathryn “Kat” Brigham on November 14, 2017 as BOT Secretary N. Kathryn “Kat” Brigham needs your support to continue to be the BOT Secretary. Kat is a person who enjoys working for C.T.U.I.R. in representing C.T.U.I.R.

Sovereignty for the next 7 generations and beyond. November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal

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Kat is a hard worker who is responsible and accountable.


CTUIR Tribal members win at Clearwater River Pow wow Jesse Bevis and Acosia Red Elk from the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation pose with their winnings at the “Dance for Life” pow wow at the Clearwater River Casino in Lewiston, Idaho. Bevis danced in the Men’s All Around Special and Red Elf danced in the Women’s All Round Special. The pow wow was held October 20-22.

Grillin’ for Grants Fundraiser Nov. 9 PENDLETON – The public is invited to the 3rd Annual Grillin’ for Grants fundraiser for the Education Foundation of Pendleton. The event is scheduled for Nov. 9 at 5:30 p.m. at the Pendleton Convention Center. The evening will include live and silent auctions, the opportunity to see the new Pendleton High School (PHS) Food Truck and a meal of BBQ tri-tip, baked beans, salads, bread and cheesecake. Dinner will be prepared PHS’ culinary classes, led by Chef Kristin Swaggart. The meat will be grilled by PHS Principal Dan Greenough. Advance tickets are $25 each and can be purchased at the Pendleton Chamber of Commerce, the Pendleton School District Office, Pendleton Art+Frame or from a foundation board member. The Education Foundation of Pendle-

ton funds enrichment opportunities for students of the Pendleton School District, including field trips, conferences and workshops, plus speakers and artist-inresidence programs at local schools. Last year, they approved grants in the amount of $22,000. Many local businesses are supporting the Grillin’ for Grants event with sponsorships and donations. “We really want to make this fundraiser bigger each year in order to fund additional opportunities for Pendleton students,” said Michele Madril, publicity chair for Grillin’ for Grants and EFP board member. “This is a fun evening with the chance to support community youth.” For more information, please visit www.educationfoundationofpendleton. org or the foundations’ Facebook page.


Oh the places you will go!

I believe in humanity and that all tribal members have the protection guaranteed by our treaty rights that include education, health, hunting, fishing, and gathering. We deserve the respect that our ancestors before us fought for! We should have the power to take part in the decisions that affect our tribe. I will stand up and make all of our voices heard. I have over thirty years in accounting and adminisrative experience. I will bring that knowledge to the table and use it to benefit the tribe. I have worked at our Wildhorse Casino as Security Administrative Assistant, Bureau of Indian Affairs as Administrative Assistant/Acting Administrative Officer, Del Norte County California as Administrative Analyst, CTUIR Accounts Receivable, CTUIR Assistant Education Director, CTUIR Case Worker, and Mission Market Cashier. I have a Master’s Degree in Administration of Justice and Security. I can balance any budget. Paid political advertisement

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

VOTE DAVID CLOSE General Council Chairman

Bill Burke, fourth from left, was one of three Tribal leaders who was recognized for his leadership, commitment and support to HAMMER. Pictured with Burke are members of his family. From left is Robin Turk, Bonnie Burke, Michelle Burke, and wife Lavonne Burke.

Experience: • Former BOT Secretary • Former Distinguished Science Professor of Aboriginal Fisheries, University of British Columbia • Former Project leader, Pacific lamprey Research and Restoration Project and Freshwater Mussel Project. • Former Fisheries Scientist, Fish Biologist, Fish Technician, CTUIR, USGS. • PhD Michigan State University, Fish and Wildlife • MSc Oregon State University, Fisheries Sciences • BSc University of Idaho, Fishery Resources • AA Blue Mt Community College

Burke honored for support, commitment to HAMMER RICHLAND, Wash. – Environmental Management’s Richland Operations Office (RL) recently dedicated the Indigenous Restoration Area at the Volpentest Hazardous Materials Management and Emergency Response (HAMMER) Federal Training Center in honor of Tribal leaders. The Tribes provide critical knowledge and guidance to protect the Hanford Site’s ceded lands, according to the Environmental Management Newsletter of the U.S. Department of Energy. The three Tribal leaders recognized for their commitment, leadership, and support to HAMMER and its partnerships in the Oct. 3 ceremony included Bill Burke, Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR); Russell Jim, Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation; and the late J. Herman Reuben, Nez Perce Tribe. “The Tribal leaders have been great

friends of HAMMER and were great friends of Sam Volpentest,” HAMMER Director Karen McGinnis said about Volpentest, a long-time community leader and site advocate. “The Tribes are the soul of HAMMER’s partnerships,” The event, attended by about 70 people, began with a formal invocation by Randy Minthorn, CTUIR, followed by speakers Doug Shoop, RL site manager; McGinnis; Det Wegener, HAMMER program manager; and Ira Matt, RL Tribal Affairs specialist. Burke and family members of Jim and Reuben also spoke. Attendees visited the Indigenous Restoration Area to view a new plaque and bench dedicated to honor the leaders and recognize the strong Tribal partnerships. “Working with HAMMER, the Tribes, and DOE…we want to take lessons from the past and continue those efforts into the future.” Matt said.

Give the voice of the people back in General Council. Will carefully identify problems and offer solutions. Will ensure our Tribal values are recognized in our policies. Will bring fairness to our people.

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Confederated Umatilla Journal



FOR BOT MEMBER AT-LARGE expect those who can provide for themselves to do so. We should build our own economic model based upon our Tribal values. So, we should have a balance between both a capitalist and socialist system but based on our Tribal values and beliefs.

have grown up actively involved on our reservation, attended Nixyaawii tribal school and played for our athletics program, graduated with the class of 2007. I attended the watershed management program at Walla Walla Community College. I worked for Umatilla Fisheries Department on salmon and lamprey restoration projects and Tribal Education Department tutoring and working with tribal youth in our elementary and junior high schools. I understand what it means to exercise and protect our Treaty rights because I actively hunt and fish and gather foods in our ceded lands and on our reservation. I have a traditional background growing up participating in pow wow’s and dancing, also growing up hunting, fishing, digging roots, picking huckleberries and serving in our longhouse during root feast, huckleberry feast, memorials, and namings. I participate in our religious Washat services. I listen closely to our Tribal elders and respect their teachings, words, and actions greatly. I also have been fortunate to travel throughout the U.S and internationally which gives me a perspective about how our Tribe relates to the world. As a young person of 29 years, I strongly believe that there is a better future for our people and our tribal community.


he Tribes have tens of millions of dollars in financial investments; what qualifies you to manage such funds? While I am not a financial expert, I do understand basic investments. We hire professional investment managers. As a Board, we are responsible to make sure our investments are achieving what they are expected to in terms of returns or interest. Just like your personal savings account, we expect to earn so much interest and build our savings. Our investment managers project what we should be earning. I would review the financials and make sure we are earning what is projected. If not, then we would need to review how and what investments we should be making and adjust our investments. I would also hire an independent third party to review our investments. I would also present our investments, how much we have, what they are for, and what we have earned, at least twice a year to the General Council.


hat character traits or skills do you bring to this office that are unique or especially needed at this time? LISTEN FIRST. Growing up, I was taught to listen first and keep my mind open. Try to understand and respect everyone’s opinion and needs. Here are some of my values: RESPECT. I believe I have earned the respect of my younger generation and my elders for doing what I say I will do. TRADITIONAL VALUES. I have traditional values that I have learned in the longhouse, from my family, my elders, and from practicing our fishing, hunting, root digging, berry picking, sweathouse, and going on spiritual quests. I also have been learning my native Walla Walla language. SOLVE PROBLEMS and FIND SOLUTIONS. I work to solve problems and find solutions. I been told not to complain about something unless I have a solution. NOT AFRAID TO SPEAK UP. I am not afraid to speak up. Too often I’ve seen our Board or General Council sit back and say nothing, especially on controversial issues. 1855 TREATY RIGHTS & CONSTITUTION. I know what our 1855 Treaty rights are and know my responsibility to serve our people and follow our Tribal Constitution – this means listening and following the people. If I don’t have the answer or know enough about something, I will seek our people who do know or have expertise for advice and take their advice into consideration. What types of community development and infrastructure do you think needs to be developed in the Mission Basin? Here are some of my recommendations, but would like to hear from you, our Tribal members: 1. New Nixyaawii Community School K-12 – invest in our youth’s education 2. New gymnasium, pool, and fitness center, baseball/sports field in our community so our youth, elders, and community can improve their health and fitness – invest in our people’s health 3. Improvements to our longhouse – the longhouse needs repair 4. New elderly housing and low and middle-income housing 5. New transition house for alcohol and drug treatment – we haven’t had one for 30 yrs. 6. Support and expand tribal member owned businesses 7. Internet and Wi-Fi for all of our community – only certain areas get Wi-Fi 8. A new Seniors Center – our old one is too small and needs repair


ixyaawii Community School has record enrollment, Do you think we should create a high school or a k-12 school and why? Yes, Education is one of my priorities. I was part of the first group of students at Nixyaawii where I graduated. Since day one, I believed we deserved a school facility we could take pride in. We are a culturally based community that our youth can learn from and be comfortable in vs the public school where we are viewed as just another student. As long as we receive quality time, effort, and education can we only thrive in a new facility. Our youth deserve a new facility. Because of Nixyaawii school, many of our Tribal youth have stayed in school, more are graduating, and more are going on to college. Without Nixyaawii, many would have dropped out. Our students need a state of the art school and athletic facilities – including a new gymnasium. I support a k-12 school. Wildhorse Resort & Casino is undergoing $84 million in major improvements, including a new tower hotel and bowling alley. How will you insure the funds are expended properly and how will you measure success? To ensure the loan funds are expended properly we must have highly qualified professionals that manage and inspect the construction so it is done properly and with highest quality. They should report to the Board regularly. Once the improvements are completed, then the Board of Trustees must make sure the casino produces the actual revenues that were projected in the feasibility study. If we aren’t meeting our revenues, then we must improve our operations at the casino.


ow would you develop a middle-income community? We need to: 1) Hire more tribal members in family wage jobs (which pay higher



Please vote for Johnny Sampson for BOT Member At-Large.

wages); 2) Increase the higher education level and vocational training of ALL tribal members so they can earn higher wages (more scholarships); and 3) Create more affordable housing on the reservation. All 3 of these are my priorities.


hould tribal government decriminalize possession of marijuana on the Umatilla Indian Reservation? Cannabis referendum - I support the tribe considering marijuana as a business to grow and sell off the reservation. The Board should ALLOW Tribal members the right to vote on the issue. I support Tribal member patients use of medical marijuana. It is a real, legitimate, and important medicine. Medical use of marijuana should be legal on the reservation, just as it is in Oregon and over 20 other states. We should not stop Tribal members from using this medicine if they have a prescription from a doctor. Tribal members should research the facts and understand the medical benefits, not just hearsay. Here are a few examples: R Treat Glaucoma. R Reverse the carcinogenic effects of tobacco and improve lung health. R Help control epileptic seizures. R Decreases the symptoms of a severe seizure disorder known as Dravet’s Syndrome which causes seizures and severe developmental delays in children. 5-year-old girl named Charlotte is using a medical marijuana strain high in cannabidiol and low in THC, the drug has decreased her seizures from 300 a week to just one every seven days. R A chemical found in marijuana stops cancer from spreading. Ø Helps relieve pain and suppress nausea — the two main reasons it’s often used to relieve the side effects of chemotherapy. R THC slows the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. R The drug eases the pain of multiple sclerosis. Here’s what President Obama said: “I’m on record saying that not only do I think carefully prescribed medical use of marijuana may in fact be appropriate and we should follow the science as opposed to ideology on this issue, but I’m also on record as saying that the more we treat some of these issues related to drug abuse from a public health model and not just from an incarceration model, the better off we’re going to be.” Barack Obama, JD 44th President of the United States WEED 3: The Marijuana Revolution, CNN Apr 20, 2015


o you believe in a capitalist or social economic system for the Tribes? How would you build such economies? I believe in a Tribal economic system based upon our traditional values. We have been taking care of each other and the land and water for thousands of years. By helping each other we have survived. But we also

o you think tribal government is doing enough to address climate change? If not, what do you suggest? No, I don’t think we are doing enough. We need to see what the impacts are on our traditional foods – salmon, elk, deer, roots, berries, water, etc. Next, we need a plan to adapt to climate change right now, and in the future. We need to become independent and begin creating our own food sources – tribal owned, small farms to provide our own fruits, vegetables, clean water, cattle, sheep, etc. – so we have a local source of healthy foods into the future. We need to develop our own clean energy, recycle, and create clean energy jobs and businesses on the reservation – like wind, solar, , etc. . Tamastilkt Cultural Institute is a good example. We need to work with the states and make sure the federal government supports climate change and clean energy . We need to fight against the Trump administration who is denying climate change exists, stopping the Clean Energy Plan, the Paris Climate Agreement, and increasing fossil fuels. We need to take a stand like at Standing Rock.


re there any existing policies or codes of the CTUIR that you would work to repeal or amend if you were elected? If yes, what are they? Amend the Land Use Code to make it easier for Tribal members ONLY to build housing on the reservation. Amend the Criminal Code to allow for Tribal members who have a valid prescription from a doctor to use medical marijuana. Are there any new policies or codes you would like to see introduced and approved? I would bring all the codes to the General Council to review and allow them to make recommendations on what they need and want.


hat new efforts need to be pursued to address the level of drug addiction in our community? We have a meth and heroin drug epidemic on the reservation and nothing is being done about it – look how many of our tribal members are in jail because of drugs. 1. Increase our law enforcement efforts – stop the criminals who are bringing and selling drugs into our community. 2. Better and more treatment efforts now – tribal members wait months to get into treatment because of lack of beds or facilities. 3. Increased prevention efforts – in our grade school, middle school, and high schools.


hat Tribal government services should be provided to nonenrolled family members of CTUIR enrollees, if any? I think we should look into providing health services from our new clinic to non-enrolled family members if it improves our overall services – better doctors, dentists, pharmacy, specialists as long as it also improves our Tribal members services. I think it can bring in additional revenues from their health insurance so we can hire better doctors, dentists, etc. I would analyze it first, then present it to the General Council.


f you believe the CTUIR Constitution needs to be amended, what would those changes be? We don’t have a referendum or initiative which allows for the Tribal members to propose laws. Now we must only rely on the Board of Trustees. The referendum and initiative allows the General Council to establish laws or policies. This will increase the power of the people and General Council


f one of the best ways to serve the people is giving your time, what ways have you given back to your community? I work for and with our Tribe. Working daily on our river. Contribution to restoration and preservation efforts for one of our main foods (Nusuux – salmon). I participate in our traditional ways. I provide food/meat for families and longhouse needs, whether it be feast, memorials, deaths, or namings. I pass on traditional values and teachings to family members or peers that haven’t had an influence to depend on for those teachings. That’s how I give my time back to the community. Paid political ad

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

CTUIR modifies non-member upland bird hunt area for 2017 MISSION - The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation’s (CTUIR) Fish and Wildlife Commission continues to take steps to address complaints of non-member trespass associated with the fall upland game bird and spring turkey hunts on the higher elevation reservation lands. Spring wild turkey hunting permits were eliminated last year and 2017 changes include a revised hunt area map to help guide permitted hunters pursuing upland game birds and waterfowl on the Umatilla Indian Reservation lands. The CTUIR has sold upland game bird and waterfowl hunting permits for the reservation since at least the 1980’s. Under these permits it is permissible for non-members to hunt on tribal public lands made open for the purpose and on fee and trust allotment lands where they have obtained permission. These permits are limited to hunting migratory waterfowl and introduced non-native species of upland game birds such as ring-necked pheasant and California quail that inhabit primarily the Umatilla River corridor and lower elevation lands.

However, the Commission regularly receives trespass complaints from tribal members about non-members in the mountain country. Unpermitted human activities in the big game winter grazing area can impact tribal member’s hunting and gathering activities. Spring time shed antler hunting, mushroom picking along with fall berry picking and mountain grouse hunting by non-members can impact tribal member access to traditional foods and is not permitted. “Some members of the public seem to think the Umatilla Indian Reservation is public lands just like Forest Service or BLM. This is not the case and trespassers can be prosecuted for illegal access and property theft or damage,” said Jeremy Wolf, CTUIR Fish and Wildlife Commission Chair. “The Commission felt it was time to make a clear delineation between the area where the non-member public could access with these permits and where they cannot.” The new regulations that take effect for the 2017 hunting season exclude a wide swath of the reservation from non-mem-

ber access pursuant to the tribal hunting license. “We have directed enforcement staff to be lenient with hunters this season, especially near the boundaries of the new closure area,” said Wolf. “But, the Umatilla Indian Reservation is a patchwork of ownerships and it is the responsibility of the permitted hunter to know where they are at all times and to be prepared to show proof of permission on private and allotted lands.” Reservation hunting permits can be purchased at Arrowhead Travel Plaza. For questions regarding permitting and access, contact the CTUIR Wildlife Program at 541-429-7200.

Tribes coordinate bison hunt safety approach From the CTUIR Wildlife Program

MISSION - The Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR) recently negotiated and signed an intertribal Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) with the other treaty tribes hunting bison in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE). The agreement was developed to address safety needs in the Beattie Gulch portion of the hunt area, west of Gardiner, Montana, through bison harvest coordination. Beattie Gulch is one of the first locations that migrating bison are available for harvest as they leave the Yellowstone National Park. This relatively small public lands hunting area managed by the U.S. Forest Service is adjacent to public recreation areas, residences and seasonal recreation lodging. The periodic high densities of state and tribal hunters pursuing limited numbers of bison in close proximity to private land developments makes safety a primary concern in the area. The signatory tribes to the MOA are the CTUIR, Confederated Salish Kootenai Tribe, Nez Perce Tribe and Yakama Nation (the Treaty Tribes). Along with the Shoshone Bannock Tribe, which has not signed on to the MOA, the Treaty Tribes hosted a three-hour informational meeting with local residents of Gardiner on Oct. 16 to discuss their respective hunting programs and collaborative safety efforts. The meeting drew about 60 people, including state and federal resource representatives and interested public. During the session the individual tribes took turns sharing information regarding their history, traditions, and treaty-reserved rights, as well as their individual perspectives on current bison management and harvest. The pubic was then invited to engage the tribes with questions, comments and concerns regarding the past and ongoing

November 2017

hunt programs. CTUIR Fish and Wildlife Chair Jeremy Red Star Wolf shared the importance of the tribal “First Foods” and their role in shaping the rights reserved by the CTUIR in the Treaty of 1855 while focusing on the importance of intertribal cooperation. “I am very proud that the Tribes, working together on the issues in Beattie Gulch have, first and foremost focused on communications and education between the tribal hunters,” Wolf said.

The MOA outlines the shared visions and responsibilities of the Treaty Tribes relative to hunting bison in the Beattie Gulch area. It documents shared tribal safety regulations and hunt coordination protocols designed to improve safety for both the hunters and the local community. It also reflects the Treaty Tribes’ recognition of the current realities of sharing a common and sacred treaty-reserved resource between old allies and enemies within a diminished landscape limited by

a level of human development and public use that could not have been envisioned by the treaty signers in 1855. “This document is meant to memorialize us opening communication lines for the benefit of safety through Tribal policy, enforcement and the hunters themselves,” said Gary Burke, Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the CTUIR. The MOU will be shared and discussed Bison hunt on page 22B

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Confederated Umatilla Journal



INDEPENDENT LIVING A Global Disability Resource and Advocacy Center EOCIL is a proud supporter of the CTUIR community and other communities and programs that promote and value inclusion, equality and opportunities for people with disabilities and elders. EOCIL is a disability resource and advocacy enter that provides an array of services for people with disabilities or seniors. These services are designed to empower clients to improve the quality of their lives and promote full access to society. EOCIL is operated by people with disabilities and seniors who themselves have been successful in establishing independent lives. These individuals have both the training and the personal experience to know exactly what is needed to live independently.

Services Available: - Informational and Referral - Independent Living Skills Training (budgeting and financial management, cooking, application assistance, etc.) - Peer Counseling - Individual Advocacy - Life Transitions (school to employment, home to home, corrections to community, etc.)

- Support Groups - Youth Mentoring Project - Representative Payee Project - Emergency Financial Assistance - Accessibility Assistance - HIV/AIDS Independent Living Project - And many other services

EOCIL has three locations: 322 SW 3rd St., Suite 6, Pendleton, Ore. webpage: Email: 541-276-1037 711 Relay Toll free: 1-877-711-1037 1021 SW 5th Avenue, Ontario, Ore. 541-889-3119 Voice 711 Relay Toll free 1-866-248-8369

The Dalles Office 400 East Scenic Drive Building 2, Third Floor, Suite 2 The Dalles, Oregon 541-370-2810 Toll free: 1-866-248-8369

Providing services in Harney, Malheur, Baker, Union, Grant, Wallowa, Umatilla, Morrow, Wheeler and Gilliam, Wasco, Sherman and Hood River counties.

Pepsi Primetime asks: ‘What are you?’ PENDLETON - Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum presents “What Are You? Mixed-Race and Interracial Families in Oregon’s Past and Future” on Saturday, Nov. 18, from 1-2:30 p.m. at Tamástslikt Cultural Institute on the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Admission is free. As part of the Oregon Humanities Conversation Project, facilitator Dmae Roberts brings this sometimes uncomfortable topic up for discussion. The number of mixed-race people and interracial families in Oregon is growing. What are the challenges and benefits of growing up mixed-race, raising mixedrace children, or being an interracial

Toddlers love it when you read to them.

couple in a state that’s historically been mostly white? How can we openly discuss our own ethnic and racial heritage with each other without being regarded as odd or unusual? How have the answers to “What are you?” changed through the decades? Dmae Roberts has written essays and produced film and radio documentaries about being a biracial Asian American in Oregon. A Peabody award-winning writer, Roberts takes the conversation of heritage beyond checking one race on the US Census form. The Conversation Project brings Oregonians together to talk - across differences, beliefs, and backgrounds - about important issues and ideas. The goal is to connect people to ideas and to each other, not to push an agenda or arrive at consensus. The Project is built on the fact that conversation is a powerful medium to invite diverse perspectives, explore challenging questions, and strive for just communities. Pepsi Primetime @ the Museum is FREE and open to the public. Refreshments will be served. For more information, contact Tamástslikt Cultural Institute at 541-429-7700 or visit


AVA ASHLEIGH! Happy 6th Birthday Awna’ee aka “Katty”

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dont forget to laugh

Got news? Email the CUJ: 12B

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

ArtWORKz invites youth submissions individuals and groups of collaborating artists. All forms of art media are acMISSION - Tamástslikt Cultural Insti- ceptable, and any discipline of artwork tute invites all youth under the age of 19 including traditional Tribal work such years old to participate in the upcoming as beadwork, weaving, and parfleche art show and competipainting are encouraged. tion, ArtWORKz 2018. The ArtWORKz show Art submissions must will be on exhibit in the be received at the TamástTamástslikt gallery from slikt Cultural Institute by Jan. 27 through March Jan. 18, 2018. There is 17. The submissions will no entry fee. An inforbe judged by recognized mation sheet and entry professional artists and forms can be accessed on awards will be presented the Tamástslikt website, at an Artists Reception on Saturday, Feb. 10 at exhibits.cfm. 1 p.m. Young artists, both There are three age tribal and non-tribal, categories: 10 and under, from around the region 11-14, and 15-18. Young are encouraged to submit artists will compete for an original art object for Grand Prize, Awards of competition. Kylee Wiseman, 18, produced this Excellence, Awards of “This art show and art titled “Quintessance” for the Merit, Honorable Mencompetition has grown 2017 show.tions, Best Emerging Artevery year and the caliist, and Artists’ Choice, ber of art is incredible. Young artists are which is voted on by the artists themexcited to display their artwork in a true selves. gallery setting,” said Randall Melton, For more information, call Randy Tamastslikt Collections Curator. Melton, Tamástslikt Cultural Institute Only one piece of art may be submit- at 541-429-7720 or email him at randall. ted for competition. The show is open to .

Opens Black Friday!!


From Tamastslikt Cultural Institute



OPEN M-F 10-6

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November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


VOTE ELWOOD PATAWA BOT CHAIRMAN Experience: • F o r m e r C h i e f E x e c u t i v e O f f i c e r,

Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center • Former Director, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. • 1981 – 1993 Former Chairman, Board of Trustees and Chief Executive Officer, CTUIR • Former member of the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission; Chairman Strategic Planning and Organizational Development Committee; Chairman, Budget and Finance Committee • 1972- 1981 Member, Board of Trustees, CTUIR

Honoring all those who served! Veterans Day on November 11 14B

Confederated Umatilla Journal

I have served as a public servant within the American Indian community for 30 plus years. All of my work experience has been in the administration of tribal business affairs which includes executive, financial, managerial, and political. With my political and business background I would represent the CTUIR in a professional demeanor and assure that decision making is in the best interest of the tribe. Paid political advertisement

November 2017

2007 Volvo Fully loaded, leather, sunroof, beautiful car!

2015 Hyundai Accent Above attendees participate in the slot tournament held during the Nixyaawii Chamber annual event at Wildhorse Resort & Casino.

Power windows, power locks, LOW MILES!

60 attend Nixyaawii Chamber of Commerce event Oct. 26 MISSION -- The Nixyaawii Chamber of Commerce’s (NCC) annual Gathering was held on Oct. 26 at Wildhorse Resort & Casino (WRC). The NCC is dedicated to increasing economic opportunities for Native Americans in and around the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). It provides the business community a united voice for networking, advertising and education, according to Janelle Quaempts, President of the Board of Directors for the Nixyaawii Chamber of Commerce. The event was held at Wildhorse Resort and Casino (WRC). In an email Gibson said that WRC is a valued member and Event Title Sponsor of the NCC.

Slot Tournament Sponsors were CTUIR, Pendleton Bottling Co., Wenaha Group, and Cayuse Technologies. Approximately forty local businesses and community members contributed to the NCC raffle and silent auction to raise funds. Sixty supporters were in attendance including Chamber volunteer Board of Directors: Gibson, Preston Eagleheart, Cindi LeGore, Aaron Hines, Dan Winters, Randall Melton, and Dale Jenner. Gibson would like to thank all for the support of our Gathering. She would also like to thank Gary George and the Wildhorse team for their continued contributions and partnership for the event.

2004 Pontiac Grand AM AC, cruise control, power windows & locks

1993 GMC 4x4, priced to sell, power locks & windows

ˀíinem ˀíweepne, ˀéeysniin wíicet lehane, Koot šan̓mai, ˀée hetiwiša, Wišpuš

November 2017

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To keep updated on daily news, listen to Mission Minute on KCUW 104.3 f.m. Confederated Umatilla Journal



Automotive, Tire, Lube

Objects testing done at CTUIR during National Lead Poison Prevention Week

Bring this in and receive $2 off next oil change The Shop 238 SW Court Ave Pendleton 541-276-8949

The Shop 238 SW Court Ave Pendleton Phone:

Main 541-276-8949 Fax 541-276-0581 Email: Ron Dirkes Owner

Mason K. Murphy, a scientist in the Department of Natural Resources, tests sunglasses for lead, arsenic or mercury during National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week.Items that were tested included soil, dirt, salmon, and a ceramic bowl from Mexico. The bowl tested the highest at 8,000 parts per million.

MISSION – Children growing up in homes built before 1978 may be exposed to lead poisoning. That’s why October 22-28 is National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week. According to the Centers for Disease Control, at least 4 million households have children living in them that are being exposed to high levels of lead. Before 1978 these homes were painted with lead paint; as that paint chips it falls into the soil around the home. A child who inhales it or eats it will be exposed and can acquire lead poisoning. Soils equal to or above 400 parts per million (ppm) where children are playing or 1,200 ppm in the rest of the yard are considered a hazard. “Lead poisoning is associated with permanently reduced IQ, learning disabilities, behavioral disorder, and has been cited as an indicator of decreased lifelong learning potential,” said an email sent by the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation (CTUIR). During the prevention week the DNR set up a booth in the Nixyaawii Governance Center’s rotunda where employees and community members could bring items and test them for lead, mercury and arsenic levels. Items that were tested included soil, dirt, salmon, and a ceramic bowl from Mexico. The Lead testing on page 17B

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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Lead testing Continued from page 16A

bowl tested the highest at 8,000 parts per million. Mason K. Murphy, a scientist at of DNR, said that it’s common for toys, items, and candy that are imported from other countries to have high levels of lead. Based on pollutants in Oregon

November 2017

waterways, he was surprised to see the salmon come back negative for both mercury and lead. The consumer said it was purchased from Alger Brigham of the CTUIR who fishes on the Columbia River near Cascade Locks. For individuals concerned about the soil around their house, Murphy says to

get it tested and if high levels are detected they should remove the soil by digging it out a strip about three inches deep and two feet wide. “Children are much more susceptible to cognitive damage when they are exposed to lead,” said Murphy. “If you don’t know, get a blood test.”

Confederated Umatilla Journal

Camp Crier is now 9-10 Monday thru Friday on KCUW 104.3 FM



Staff from Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center participated in the Breast Cancer Awareness walk, from left to right, Bobi Tallman, Aaron Noisey, Jay Stanley, Teresa Fine, Ashley Harding, Dawn Harvey, Milly Jim, Courtney Jim and Tray Lee.

Experience: •Current Health Commission Member, 15 years former chairman •Water Committee, former chairman •Land Acquisition Committee Chairman •Education Commission •TERO Commission Chairman •Former Enrollment Committee Member •Wildhorse Resort & Casino Employee, Cage and Gift Shop •BOT Member •Education – University of Oregon •Military Service – Combat Infantryman, Vietnam War, Sergeant, Awarded Two Purple Hearts

Analytical, conceptual and writing skills. Will not rubberstamp everything put in front of me. Will help ensure tribal values are incorporated into tribal policies. 541-969-3574


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Got pink? Yellowhawk Tribal Health Center’s Community Wellness Program hosted the second anual Breast Cancer Awareness Walk each Thursday in October. The walk was held to honor National Breast Cancer Awareness, Disability Awareness, and Domestic Violence Awareness Months. Yellowhawk had 83 participants signup and averaged 20 participants during each walk. There were five participants that are survivors from cancer (not all specifically breast cancer). Community elder, Doctor Ronald Pond, led an opening prayer and song. Alanna Nanegos, a breast cancer survivor, shared her story that was inspiring to participants and staff. Information provided by Natasha Herrera, Community Health Representative

Alanna Nanegos,left, and Peggy Bronson pose for a photo before the walk.

Remember to vote at Nixyaawii Governance Center Nov. 14

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Explaining the floodplain

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Gary James, Fisheries Program Manager for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, explains the value of a healthy Mill Creek floodplain to Washington state Senators Marilyn Chase, Judy Warnick and Dean Takko on Oct. 27. John Barkley, Water Commission Chair, and Board of Trustees Secretary Kat Brigham, listen along with legislative staff members from Olympia.

November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


C.T.U.I.R. YOUTH LEADERSHIP COUNCIL YOUTH SUMMIT AND ELECTIONS November 18th - 19th, 2017 Nixyaawii Governance Center from 10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. Registration on site and breakfast at 9:00 a.m. and lunch served at 12 p.m. each day.

Options to Purchase

Middle School (6-8th grade) for Junior Youth Council High School (9-12th grade) for Youth Leadership Council Come in share some FUN and be the VOICE of the YOUTH in our community. BE OUR LEADER TODAY!

For more information contact Julie Taylor or Corinne Sams at DCFS at 541-429-7300.


Doris Wheeler for BOT Treasurer Paid political advertisement

Fall back! Daylight savings is on November 5 Don’t forget to turn your clocks back an hour! 20B

Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Wildhorse Donation Continued from page 7B

throughout the year with prize donations, as well as close to $450,000 a year to support community events through sponsorships. “Seeing the difference Wildhorse, the Wildhorse Foundation and CTUIR make in our region is my favorite part of my job,” DeGrofft exclaimed. “It is amaz-

ing how many wonderful organizations, like Farmers Ending Hunger, we have in Eastern Oregon. We also have an awful lot of generous residents that helped us raise these funds! We should all feel really good about what we accomplished! A giant thank you to everyone that participated!“

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Vote Gary Burke Tuk-Lu-Key BOT Chair

Treaty between the Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla Tribes and United States June 9, 1855 12 Stat. 945 Ratified March 8, 1859 Proclaimed April 11, 1859

Gobble Gobble ‘til you wobble! Thanksgiving Day November 23 November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal


Bison hunt Continued from page 11B

with federal, state and tribal bison managers at the Nov. 28 Interagency Bison Management Plan meeting in Chico Hot Springs, Montana, where continued comanagement of all aspects of the GYE bison are discussed and decided on ( The common hunt coordination protocols will be integrated into the 2017/18 CTUIR Bison Hunt Orientation. Hunt party applica-

tions are now available on the CTUIR website or at the Department of Natural Resources front desk. If you are not ready to determine who or when your hunt is then you can submit your name and Tribal ID to get on the bison hunt list. Contact Dora Sigo 541-429-7249, FWC Staff Secretary for bison hunt application or list information or Jeremy Wolf 541429-7382 for information.

Tovey honored for Health Commission service Myrna Tovey was honored in late October for her service to the Health Commission for the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation. Here she is receiving a CTUIR blanket from Aaron Hines, Martina Gordon and Shawna Gavin during a lunch at Tamastslikt Cultural Insitute. Gavin is chair of the Health Commission.

Heavy equipment training scheduled

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PENDLETON – Baker Technical Institute will offer Heavy Equipment Training to the Eastern Oregon region during the month of December. Contact information can be sent to the Baker Technical Institute before orientation on Dec. 1. Confirmation will be sent back as well as information of where to attend. Classes will begin on Dec. 4 Mon, Tues, Wed and Fri from 8 am – 4 pm. The course is for beginners or experienced operators who want to train on

Confederated Umatilla Journal

graders, dozers, excavators, and wheel loaders. They will learn in a CAT simulator mobile classroom as well as in the field. Training on Simulators allow new operators to train on machine operation and gain application knowledge while experienced operators are able to refine skills, break bad habits and address progress through virtual training. For more information, contact Tammy Pierce at or call 541-519-2671.

November 2017

Thank you letters The love and support that was shared with our family during this very sad and difficult, time will not be forgotten. From the bottom of our hearts we say, thank you! To Robert Taylor, Michael Ray Johnson, Shawna Gavin and Michelle Spencer, your guidance, your love, strength and reassurance, shepherded our family in the most difficult of times. We thank you for honoring Mom’s wishes and respecting what she would have wanted to do to say goodbye to all of us. Thank you for reminding us it was all going to be ok! Your presence and strength will always be remembered by our family and we cannot thank you enough! To the cooks who sacrificed their time, and shared their strength and love: Sandra Sampson, Michelle Thompson, Linda Sampson, Judy Burke, Kootsie Burke, Alvina Huesties, Syreeta Thompson, Nina Watchman and Sadie Mildenberger, we thank you! That delicious meal nourished our hearts and our bodies and our renewed our strength. You ladies are incredible and your support will not be forgotten. Thank you to Armand Minthorn and the singers who shared your songs for our Mom, we thank you! To Father Mike Fitzpatrick and St. Andrews Mission we thank you and treasure you in our hearts. Your guidance, kindness and words were so helpful and comforting during Mom’s services. To those who shared prayers and stories at the Rosary and funeral your words and kindness will not be forgotten. To the pallbearers, Violet’s handsome and loving nephews: Bobby Parrish, Byron Sam, Jesse Bronson, Billy Bronson, Aaron Ashley, Gabe Shoeships, Steven Hart, her son-in-law Vernon Smartlowit, and Kurtus Blodgett, your strength and respect will never be forgotten. Thank you for traveling the miles and being present in such a time of need. Mom would have been so proud of each of you. To the flower girls, your presence and respect will not be forgotten. We thank you for being there and helping all of us during this time. The abundance of prayers, condolences, enduring wishes, hugs, flowers, cards and strength that was shared will always be remembered. It is good friends and family, from near and far, that have kept our family’s hearts full and our spirits up and we thank you! Violet will always be remembered as a beautiful Mother, Grandma, Wife, Daughter, Sister, Auntie, Cousin and Friend! We appreciate you all for sharing her life and thank you for paying your respects. The Family of Violet Rose Burke McGuire. The Yellowhawk Fall Family Fun Fest Planning Committee and Spook Alley Planning Committee would like to thank the Prevention Team, Community Health and Cay-Uma-Wa Head Start for working together to put on a wonderful event for the community. There was so much dedication, long hours, and focus that went in to pulling this event off. Most of all, you gave from your heart and this was felt throughout the event. A special thank you to the following staff and community members who assisted. Thank you to Marcy Picard, Dionne Bronson, Ashley Harding, Jay Stanley, Teresa Jones, Shawn MacGregor, Natasha Herrera, Shoshoni Walker,

St. Mary’s Bazaar Dec 9 PENDLETON - St. Mary’s Bazaar will be held on Dec. 9 at the St. Mary’s Catholic Church from 9 a.m. until 2 p.m. There will be brunch, lunch and desserts. Vendors will be selling a variety of handcrafted items. All proceeds will go to support the needy in our community. A $1 fee gives admission and a raffle ticket. Vendor space is available for $60. For more information call 541-276-2751.

November 2017

Jory Spencer, Margaret Gunshows, Wenona Scott, Ian Sampson, Kelsey Burns, Robby Bill, Ray aMorin, Aaron Noisey, Joann Malumaleumu, Debra Shippentower, Cor Sams, Lindsey Watchman, Tayler Craig, Shaylend Chalakee, Courtney Stover, Julie Taylor, Kyllian Wood, Lesley Watchman, Casey Picard, Donna Elstad, Delphine Wood, Modesta Minthorn, Monice Samuels, Vickey Star, Andrea Dunlap, Andrew Wildbill, Carleta Abrahamson, Lorasa Joseph, Drew Rivera, Julie Brandenburg, Peggy Bronson, Public Works staff and Public Safety staff. Thank you to all the youth who helped setup, clean up, and also assisted in being scarers for Spook Alley. Thank you Dazon, Moses, Reuben, Beto, Mackenzie, Kyella, Quannah, Zoe, Gregg, Dylan, Tyson, J’dean, Ashlynne, Diamond, Keyon, Sunhawk, Sacas, and RaeRae. We couldn’t have done it without you! You are all amazing! We apologize if we may have forgotten anyone. Thank you to all the children, families, and community members who came out to enjoy

the Fall Family Fun Fest and Spook Alley! See you next year! -Yellowhawk Prevention Team, Yellowhawk Community Health, and Cay-Uma-Wa Head Start mily of Violet Rose Burke McGuire. GREETINGS, MY NAME IS BYRON MORRIS. I am the son of Lyle and Janene Morris and brother to William Morris. I am happy to have them as my family because they have given me joy and their continuous support as I have journeyed through my education. I would like to extend my gratitude to my friends and family who have given their support and encouragement as I proceeded to my master’s degree. Next, my fiancée Yuko Konda who has given me courage and happiness through difficult times. Lastly, the CUTIR higher education staff who have assisted with the financial support in order to achieve my dream. Recently, I have graduated from Osaka University with a master’s degree in biological

science. I spent three years in Japan learning about the culture and customs, Japanese language, and pursuing my degree. I have had a positive experience while living in Japan and it has given me a chance to become a wellrounded person as I have made new friends from many other countries whom have different life experiences. It was great to share many memories with friends and family in Japan. However, living in Japan did pose some difficulties because of cultural differences and a different educational system. I learned how to work through problems and I got to learn more about my strengths and weaknesses. I could not have graduated without the help I receive from family, friends, and laboratory members who gave me the courage I needed in order to finish my master’s degree. This was my dream accomplishment and I want to encourage other young students who have aspiring dreams to always keep trying despite any challenges you may face. Never give up. Respectfully, Byron Morris

LIND’S FAMOUS CORNDOGS Nov. 17 - Dec. 31 ~ 10 a.m. - 7 p.m. EVERYDAY 45 years serving you during the holiday season ... Keep the tradition alive!

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Confederated Umatilla Journal



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Confederated Umatilla Journal

November 2017

Confederated Umatilla Journal 11-2017  

The Confederated Umatilla Journal Monthly Print Edition for November 2017