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Presorted Standard U.S. Postage Paid at Shepherdstown, WV Permit #3


Our International Connections Translate To Sales Prioritizing relationships across the globe has given us incomparable reach when it comes to sharing the horse country lifestyle we cherish and know so well. With our ability to open doors around the world, we can always make the right connections. LD








Muster Lane

Glen – Ora

501 acres $19,500,000 Upperville – Private 18 hole golf course built to USGA standards. 2 world class stables, 45 stalls, arena, 28 fenced paddocks. 500+ spectacular acres with Blue Ridge Mountain views. Convenient to Dulles, Reagan National and Washington, D.C.

236 acres $12,000,000 Middleburg – ca. 1931, is the epitome of an exquisite Hunt Country Estate, minutes from the historic village of Middleburg. The 236 Acre estate is in prime Orange County Hunt territory, with tremendous ride out potential, stables and riding arena.

108 acres $6,650,000 Stately and historic estate in prime OCH territory. Features a pool and pool house, 5 bay garage w/office, 2 tenant houses, newly remodeled 11 stall stable with apt. & office, riding arena, exceptional ride-out to wooded trails and open pastures.

130 acres $6,150,000 Rich in history, Glen Ora, ca. 1815 is the epitome of a very private and charming Hunt Country Estate, restored and renovated for today’s lifestyle. In the Orange County Hunt Territory, the estate features courtyard stables and gorgeous views.

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094












George Miller House

260 acres $5,500,000 Steeped in history and features a stunning first floor primary suite, grand rooms, chef’s kitchen & wonderful porches. Also: guest cottage, 2 tenant houses, machine shop with 2 BR apartment, barns and fenced fields. Easement potential.

102+ acres $4,600,000 Boyce – This exquisite Country Estate is surrounded by some of the finest estates in Clarke Co. and enjoys stunning Blue Ridge Mountain views. Designed for elegant living and grand entertaining. Protected by a VOF Easement.

22 acres $4,425,000 Glenbrook combines country ambience in a traditional stone manor house, with all the luxuries of modern living. Set on 22 acres just a mile from Middleburg, Glenbrook offers convenience and privacy with lovely vistas.

100 acres $3,000,000 This estate is waiting for someone with the eye for interior finishes to bring it to life. Minutes from the charming village of Sperryville and enjoys convenient proximity to Culpeper Regional Airport and Warrenton-Fauquier Airport.

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094

John Coles | 540-270-0094

Offers subject to errors, omissions, change of price or withdrawal without notice. Information contained herein is deemed reliable, but is not so warranted nor is it otherwise guaranteed.


ESTATE PROPERTIES Opening The Door To Horse Country For Generations 2 South Madison Street | PO Box 500 | Middleburg, VA 20118 | Office: 540-687-6500 |

ClarkeMonthly-FP.indd 1

11/1/21 1:27 PM

NOV 2021

Clarke STAFF

David Lillard, Editor/Publisher Jennifer Welliver, Associate Publisher factoryBstudio, Art Direction Ralph Welliver, Proofreader

NOVEMBER CONTRIBUTORS Cathy Kuehner Rebecca Maynard JiJi Russell Claire Stuart René Locklear White

COVER IMAGE Courtesy of Clarke County


Jennifer Welliver, 540-398-1450

Advertising Information: 540-398-1450

AD DEADLINE 1ST OF EACH MONTH Clarke prints signed letters-to-the-editor of uniquely local interest. Letters containing personal attacks or polarizing language will not be published. Letters may be edited. Send letters to the editor of 300 or fewer words to:



FROM THE EDITOR Thank you, Clarke County! Nine Years And Counting With this edition, we begin our tenth year of publishing Clarke monthly, the little community paper formerly known as the Observer (when it all began in November of 2012). From the beginning, we have enjoyed sharing stories about the people, businesses, and civic organizations that make Clarke County what it is. We know that everyone who reads Clarke is grateful for our advertisers who pay the bills including printing and postage the meager pay for our regular writers. We couldn’t do it without our advertisers! Thank you. Our ever-revolving cast of writers and photographers — plus the few that are with us every month — know this place because most of them live here. Whether they contribute

occasionally or every month, our writers do such a wonderful job of bringing to light stories of inspiring people and amazing civic organizations. Not to mention topics like health and wellness, nature, business, and more. Thanks to you writers and photographers.

And thank you to people who read Clarke. It’s your en-

thusiasm for community journalism that brings it all to life. We cannot walk down the street or visit Martins without running into someone asking about the paper or expressing appreciation for having it every month. That is very rewarding. Nearly all the stories we publish are based on ideas from readers, and often our readers are our writers who send guest commentaries and community dispatches. So, it is appropriate that we just happened to get started in November — the season of Thanksgiving — back in 2012. We look forward, as we look backward, with gratitude, and with hope. Jennifer Welliver, associate publisher David Lillard, editor






NOV 20 21

Long Branch Historic House and Farm Presents:

Holiday House Tours and Art Show The house will be fully decorated for the holidays beginning December 3.

SHARED VISIONS Paintings by Husband and Wife Steven Parrish & Linda Volrath

Through December 31, 2021

House Open Monday - Friday 10 - 4 Saturday & Sunday 12 - 4

Grounds Open Dawn to Dusk Everyday

Free Admission

For more information please call 540-837-1856




Dozens of Organizations Support County Residents in Need of Help By Cathy Kuehner

There are dozens of nonprofi t organizations that serve Clarke County residents who need food, funds, household repairs, healthcare, transportation, and other support. The biggest challenge is connecting the people who can help with the people who need some help. Lack of internet (or computers) and isolation are the main reasons individuals may not know where to turn. Representatives of many organizations that serve county residents meet on a regular basis to discuss current projects and ongoing goals. The Clarke County Community Service Council, which has existed for about 30 years, meets bimonthly in Berryville, and anyone who works for a nonprofi t may attend. Core council members represent FISH of Clarke County, Horseshoe Curve Benevolent Association, the Laurel Center, Blue Ridge Hospice, and county

The Clarke County government website includes a “Community Resources” page that now lists almost 40 non-profits organized by seven categories: Animals; Community, Cultural Arts & History; Family, Food & Shelter; Health Services; Mental Health Services; Senior Citizens; and Veterans. Go to, click on “Residents,” and find “Community Resources.” An abbreviated print version is available in the Berryville-Clarke County Government Center lobby. Photo provided by Clarke County.

food pantries. The group is growing as representatives from Access Independence,

Habitat for Humanity, Social Services, and other groups now attend.


NOV 2021 Perhaps because of growing council participation, or because of needs created by the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a revived commitment to community outreach. Clarke Monthly associate publisher Jennifer Welliver attended the October meeting, and told the Community Service Council of her plans to highlight local nonprofi ts and publish a guide to organizations that serve Clarke residents. When Clarke County government redesigned its website in 2019, it added a “Community Resources” page that now lists almost 40 nonprofits organized by seven categories: Animals; Community, Cultural Arts & History; Family, Food & Shelter; Health Services; Mental Health Services; Senior Citizens; and Veterans. Go to, click on “Residents,” and fi nd “Community Resources.” A printed version of the “Community Resources” guide is available in the Berryville-Clarke County Government Center lobby. Of all the organizations that serve Clarke County, perhaps FISH is best known. FISH of Clarke County began in 1968 when a small group of women looked at needs not being met in the community. Gertie Watkins, Jane Harrison, Katherine Jackson, Ruth Birch, Polly Adams, Marion Stolle, Alice Jeffery and others created a FISH hotline — still 540-955-1823 — rallied more volunteers, and coordinated efforts to deliver meals, babysit, do housework for those who were sick, and give rides to shut-ins. Some FISH volunteers drove county residents to medical appointments as far away as Baltimore and Charlottesville. Then as now, FISH continues to provide food, clothing, and school supplies to those in need and connects residents with fi nancial aid and other

resources. FISH was able to greatly expand its services and reach in 2013 when it moved into its current location, 36 E. Main St. in Berryville. “FISH of Clarke County seeks to serve anyone who could use extra help — either with food, diapers, personal care items, and fi nancial assistance,” said Mary Veilleux, a longtime FISH volunteer and current board president. “There are no fi nancial or income restrictions. Our desire is to serve in a way that gives encouragement or even a way to improve one’s lot. We have many dedicated volunteers who are happy to give time, energy, help, and advice to anyone in Clarke County.” Charles H. Harbaugh IV, executive director of Access Independence Inc., is a new Clarke County Community Service Council member. “Access Independence has been serving Clarke residents since 1985,” Harbaugh said. “This past year we served 423 clients in fi ve counties, 21 of whom are from Clarke.” Access Independence promotes independent living so people may live long lives in their own homes and remain independent for as long as possible. “If you need a free cane, or walker, or wheelchair, call us,” said Harbaugh. “We have services available and want to expand more in Clarke County.” To serve those who have little, non-profi ts rely on the generosity of those who have resources to share. Organizations need volunteers, tangible goods, and money to continue their work. For 140 years, the Bank of Clarke of County has supported county residents in variety of ways, primarily fi nancially. When Clarke native and longtime bank employee John Hudson recently retired as executive vice president and chief marketing offi cer, he did so with the


understanding that he would continue to serve the community as executive director of the new Bank of Clarke County Foundation that supports local non-profi t organizations. In its fi rst year, the Bank of Clarke County Foundation has assisted 26 organizations in Clarke County alone, Hudson said, and the number of people who benefi t from the support of those organizations is exponential. “I was raised to constantly be aware of community need and to act on it,” Hudson said. “My father took me with him to solicit donations to help start up the Boyce Fire Company, and my mother was constantly collecting money for causes like the March of Dimes.” Hudson continued, “I saw fi rst-hand how outreach affects the lives of others in our community. Because of those experiences, I learned the community is never without need of one kind or another. It just takes a little investigating to fi nd a place where you can have critical impact on the lives of your friends and neighbors.”





Cosmic Harvest Gallery Located in Berryville, VA


NOV 20 21


Around Clarke County Promote your event in Clarke.

Send notices by the 1st of the preceding month to Keep event descriptions to 125 words, following the format of these pages. One or two CMYK photos, saved as tiff or jpg at 200 dpi, are always welcome.



Annual Boyce Volunteer Fire Company Fall Bazaar Boyce Fire Hall. 1 S. Greenway Ave. Get a jump on your holiday shopping with handcrafted gifts created by local artists and crafters at reasonable prices. Email BoyceFireCo4 if you wish to be a vendor. 9am–3pm. www.boycefi 703-470-4236.


Hands-on Hearth Cooking Workshop

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. Join historian Rebecca Suerdieck in the park’s historic log cabin for a handson hearth cooking workshop $165. 10am–4pm. 540-592-3556.


Peter and the Wolf: An Interactive Experience Barns of Rose Hill. 95 Chalmers

Ct. Berryville. Family-friendly evening of Sergei Prokofi ev’s classic “Peter and the Wolf,” performed by the Barns of Rose Hill Chamber Orchestra. Children are invited to join us at 6pm to make puppets modeled after Peter and the Wolf characters. They will also learn about orchestra instruments and how they represent each character in this symphonic fairytale. Made possible by a grant from the Marion Park Lewis Foundation. Free. 7–8pm.


friends or come enjoy some time by yourself. You’ll be given step by step instructions Barns of Rose Hill. Seth to complete a canvas painting Walker is often cited as one of with acrylic. Cost is $30, all supthe most prolifi c contemporary plies are provided and no exAmericana artists on the scene perience is necessary. 6–8pm. today. $20, advance, $25,door. 7pm. or call 540-680-1019 to sign up.


Seth Walker Concert

A Walk Through Time: A Geology Walk


Clarke County Holiday Market

World Christmas Market is held outdoors with 25 local makers with 100% handmade holiday gifts. Enjoy beer/food while browsing. 11am–5pm. 540-554-8210.


Bluegrass and Barbecue with the Plate Scrapers

Barns of Rose Hill. Berryville. Through diverse backSky Meadows State Park. 317 W. Main St. Find a grounds and infl uences rang11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. list of vendors at ing from jazz, to hard rock, to Walk a timeline of 4.6 billion clarkecountyfarmersmarket. funk, the band has taken their years of geologic history and com/meet-our-vendors. 9am–1pm. music to an eclectic new level. learn about the periods when Award-winning Jordan Springs Vera Bradley and life began, when it fl ourished Small Business barbecue for purchase. $20 Thirty-One Bingo and when catastrophic events Saturday in advance, $25 at door. 7pm. John Enders Fire Company affected life on the planet. Support Clarke County busiSocial Hall. 9 S. Buckmarsh St. 10–11am. 540-592-3556. nesses all day (and all holiday Berryville. 14 games plus raffl e Winter Tree Identifiseason)! “Gnomes of JOY” for special two product grand cation Workshop Paint Night prize. 50/50 and themed basket Old World ChristSky Meadows State raffl es. Chili, hot dogs, baked Berryville Treasures. 8 W. mas Market: Small Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. goods and beverages for sale. Main St. Berryville. Offered by Business Saturday Delaplane. Explore Sky MeadFor all experience levels. Doors Carol Erickson of Starfi sh Paint ows’ diverse forests and fi nd open at 12pm. 540-533-2777. Bear Chase Brewing Com- the key characteristics that and Create. Come joint the fun and give your creative side a pany. 33665 Bear Chase Lane. will provide you with the skills night out. Bring your family, Bluemont. Second annual Old






Join the

Voted “Best BBQ in the Shenandoah Valley" since 2010! Locally owned and operated for over a decade, Jordan Springs Market is open 7 days a week.

We smoke Beef Brisket, Pork, Chicken, Ribs and more and make delicious homemade sides and sweet treats every day.

741 Jordan Springs Rd Stephenson, VA

Stop in for takeout, dine in with us or have us cater your next special event from 10 guests to 1000!

Main Street Chamber Orchestra and dancers from the

Blue Ridge Studio for the Perfroming Arts for a free performance of Tchaikovsky's beloved

Nutcracker ballet.

3pm, December 11 at Grace Episcopal Church 110 North Church Street, Berryville



NOV 2021 to identify any tree, even in the winter months. Adults $15, children $5. 10am–2pm. 540-592-3556.

Donna Peake at 540-514-5730 or ta Claus as he arrives on a fi re truck to give all the children some Christmas goodies. Come into the Social Hall to enjoy hot Wreath-making chocolate and cookies. Children Workshop can sit on Santa’s lap for that all December important holiday photo. 6pm. Blandy Experimental Farm. 540-837-1228. Yoga at the Sanctuary: 400 Blandy Farm Lane. Boyce. Virtual Morning Flow Make a festive wreath with Beginner Yang 24 materials from the arboreTai Chi Every Monday, Wednesday tum. Call for details and price. and Friday. 7–7:45am. Specials 9:30am–4pm. 540-837-1758. Sanctuary Wellness Center. and class passes available at Berryville. 12–1pm. “A Charlie Brown Yoga at the Sanctuary: Christmas:” Film Blue Ridge Singers In Person Yoga Basics and Concert Christmas Concert






Sanctuary Wellness Center. 208 N. Buckmarsh St. Berryville. 10:30–11:30am. Specials and class passes available at


Blandy Sketch Group Meeting

Blandy Experimental Farm. 400 Blandy Farm Lane. Boyce. All are welcome. Call for details. 12:30–3:30pm. 540-8371758.


Yoga at the Sanctuary: In Person Gentle Flow

Sanctuary Wellness Center. 208 N. Buckmarsh St. Berryville. 5–6pm. Specials and class passes available at


Berryville Tree Lighting and Clarke County Community Band Concert Rose Hill Park. The mayor will “throw the switch” to light the giant Christmas tree. 5:45pm. Concert 7pm, caroling, activities for kids, face painting, gingerbread house making and letters to Santa. Free horse and carriage rides, sponsored by Bank of Clarke County. 540-313-6246.


Clarke County Christmas Parade

Barns of Rose Hill. Berryville. Kick off the holidays on a fun musical note by bringing the family to this special showing of the beloved holiday classic “A Charlie Brown Christmas,” followed by the Eric Byrd Trio playing Vince Guaraldi’s classic jazz soundtrack from the fi lm. Free. 7pm.


Blue Ridge Singers Christmas Concert

First Baptist Church. 205 W. Piccadilly St. Winchester. Fully masked performers will present their performance “Sweeter, Still...” Pieces include a Renaissance motet and a Christmas spiritual. Masks encouraged. 4pm. Free; $10 donation requested.


Astronomy for Everyone

Sky Meadows State Park. 11012 Edmonds Lane. Delaplane. Junior astronomer program is followed by a discussion about the importance of dark skies and light conservation. Bring telescope or binoculars if desired. 4:30–7:30pm. Parking fees apply. 540-592-3556.


Boyce Christmas Tree Lighting

Noon. Main Street, Berryville. If you would like to parBoyce Volunteer Fire Comticipate in the parade (fl oat, pany. 9 S. Greenway Ave. Gathvehicle, walking, etc.) the aper around the town tree and plication deadline is Nov. 26. To sing songs, before the town receive an application, contact mayor lights the tree. See San-


Front Royal United Methodist Church. 1 W. Main St. Fully masked performers will present their performance “Sweeter, Still...” Pieces include a Renaissance motet and a Christmas spiritual. Masks required. 7:30pm. Free; $10 donation requested.


Blue Ridge Singers Christmas Concert

Trinity Episcopal Church. 9108 John Mosby Highway. Upperville. Fully masked performers will present their performance “Sweeter, Still...” Pieces include a Renaissance motet and a Christmas spiritual. Masks required. 4pm. Free; $10 donation requested.


Caleb Nei Trio Holiday Show



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Barns of Rose Hill. Berryville. Caleb Nei and friends present a Swingin’ Jazz Show for the holiday season, a collection of Christmas tunes, love songs and originals for your enjoyment. Free; limited space, 7pm.

Ongoing Bridge Night Long Branch Historic House and Farm. 830 Long Branch Lane. Millwood. Tuesdays, 5-7pm. Wine, soft drinks and light snacks provided. $15 per person. 540-837-1856.

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About two and half years ago, Forrest Pritchard of Smith Meadows Sustainable Farm in Clarke County fi rst envisioned a storefront on Main Street in Berryville that would be a combination farm store and fast-casual restaurant. Then came the Covid-19 pandemic along with the many steps necessary to secure and renovate a building and formulate a business plan. It was worth the wait. Homespun by Smith Meadows opened October 26 at 20 W. Main St. in Berryville to rave reviews from the community. Its fresh, organic offerings include grass-fed gourmet hot dogs, homemade soups, paninis, and hand-dipped local ice cream and sundaes, along with craft beer, grass-fed meats, cheeses, ice cream, frozen soup and more to take home. It plans to add grass-fed burgers to the menu in 2022. “We tried Homespun by Smith Meadows in Berryville for their opening day and it was delicious,” said Clarke County photographer Bre Bogert. “We went right after opening and the staff was very helpful. We have enjoyed Smith Meadows farm store for years and I am glad to have this in town!” Pritchard grew up on Smith Meadows Farm, and his bestselling book, “Gaining Ground: A Story of Farmers’ Markets, Local Food and Saving the Family Farm,” tells the thoroughly entertaining story of his quest to save the fi nancially struggling farm. As Pritchard details in his book, a devastatingly

disappointing corn harvest in the 1990s, that brought in $18 instead of the expected $10,000 due to low market prices, brought him to the realization that the family farm was broken and in need of fi xing. As he learned more about both sustainable farming methods and selling directly to customers, he became convinced that these were the keys to his future. “This was how I envisioned our farm’s future: a cycle of sustainable production, clean food, and motivated customers,” he wrote. (Reporter’s note: The book is available for purchase at Homespun, and I highly recommend it.) Today, Smith Meadows is thriving, welcomes visitors to its farm store daily, and operates the


NOV 2021

Smithfi eld Farm Bed and Breakfast, which dates back to 1824. The farm, says Pritchard, is devoted to creating a healthy environment, thereby fostering the growth of healthy and contented animals. Pritchard said he was inspired to bring a combination farm store and restaurant to Main Street because the farm’s growing methods were producing strong results and he realized it could grow more if it expanded its base of consumers.

“People like buying a product, but they really adore it when we cook it for them,” he said. He also liked the idea of creating a space where members of the community could gather and interact with each other. He explained that the eating area was designed to accommodate interaction with others. Rather than booths, it features bench seating along the walls with chairs opposite, lending an open air to the environment.

on stage

Jan 7-22 Retired schoolteacher Eleanor Bannister is the most respected woman in town. That is, until a smooth-talking drifter does more than fix the hole in her roof, and tongues start wagging. • 540-662-3331

“Homespun is built around making people feel at home,” Pritchard said. “We hope to provide a sense of community and comfort – something authentic.” Homespun by Smith Meadows is open daily from 10am to 9pm. Call 540-955-7800, visit farm-store, or check out the farm’s Facebook and Instagram pages.


Sale Ends 11/30/21



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Better Together: Berryville Main Street is now a County-wide business collective. On October 26 roughly forty members of the Clarke County business community met at Barns of Rose Hill for the first Berryville Main Street Meet and Greet in nearly two years. Those in attendance were treated to an beautiful buffet of hors d’oeuvres provided by Love at First Bite Catering and Events, as well as tasty treats from Mario’s and The Berryville Grille. The social period was followed by a presentation on the current and future plans and goals of the organization by the BMS President, Michele Marino, of Edward Jones, and Jason P. Sengpiehl, of Allstate Insurance. Perhaps the biggest take away from the event was the new energy that could be felt in the room. People are working together and bringing new ideas to the table. Berryville Main Street is growing. While the name is the same, the organization is expanding to include all Clarke businesses. And, unlike in the past, a business is a member simply by being a Clarke County business and participating. There are no dues or fees involved. The primary focus of Berryville Main Street is to bring more business to Clarke County, and to support members by various means, so that we all grow and prosper together. The premise is that by creating a strong, vibrant, and welcoming area with a unique and historic character, fostering collaboration of business partners, and creating networking opportunities for local businesses to collaborate, everyone will grow together as a business collective.

Aylor’s Mill 401 East Main Street Berryville, VA


The organization has four, Strategic Goals: • Partnership with Town of Berryville, Clarke County Office of Economic Development and Tourism, and theBarns of Rose Hill; • Collaboration with all of the businesses of the Town of Berryville and Clarke County to promote new endeavors; • Increased Berryville Main Street presence in the Town and County; and • Increased communication between Berryville Main Street and businesses including an increased business sponsorship at events.

317 First Street Berryville VA 540-955-1711 Wed - Sat 10a-5p "All Fair Trade, All the Time"

Members can support each other by looking locally first when searching for goods or services; by referring friends and customers to other local businesses for their needs; and by making the area more inviting to visitors, causing them to want to linger longer and shop, dine, and enjoy our local scenery. This involves beautification of buildings, adding lighting and creative window displays, among other ideas. The current Board of Berryville Main Street consists of Michelle Marino, President (Edward Jones), Brenda Badders, Secretary (Auditor), Glen Franklin Koontz, Treasurer (Koontz, P.C. Law), Carrie Althouse (Althouse Pottery), Julie Ashby (Hip and Humble Interiors), Benjamin A. Barnes (Jim Barb Realty, Inc), Geo Derick Giordano (The Sanctuary Wellness Center), Jason P. Sengpiehl (Allstate Insurance), and Shana Wilson (Temp-A-Tron, Inc). For information about future meetings contact Michelle Marino at 703-472-5696 or visit Berryville Main Street on Facebook. Their new website is in the works.

Enjoy the Season. Slow Down. Shop Local. DECORATED PARKING METER CONTEST: Applications to participate in the annual “Parking Meters on Parade” contest are due Friday, Nov. 12. Entry fee is $15. To receive an application, contact Berryville Main Street president Michelle Marino at 703-472-5696 or events@berryvillemainstreet. com.

Annual Winter Market Small Business Saturday November 27 9am — 1pm

CLARKE COUNTY FARMERS’ MARKET ANNUAL WINTER MARKET Saturday, November 27. 9am until 1pm. 317 West Main Street, Berryville. (old Berryville PrimarySchool). 4th annual Holiday Market with over 30 local vendors, many from the regular season market and many new local businesses as well. BERRYVILLE CHRISTMAS TREE LIGHTING Friday, December 3. Rose Hill Park E. Main St. Berryville. 5:30pm. Caroling, activities for kids, face painting, gingerbread house making and letters to Santa. The mayor will “throw the switch” to light the giant Christmas tree at 6pm. Free horse-drawn wagon rides sponsored by Bank of Clarke County.

317 West Main Street Downtown Berryville (old Berryville Primary)

• Local crafters • Bakers • Farmers • Producers •Artisans

CLARKE COUNTY COMMUNITY BAND Friday, December 3. Barns of Rose Hill Great Hall. Immediately following tree lighting festivities. CLARKE COUNTY CHRISTMAS PARADE: Saturday, December 4 beginning at Noon. Main Street, Berryville. If you would like to participate in the parade (float, vehicle, walking, etc.) the application deadline Nov. 26. To receive an application, contact Donna Peake at 540-514-5730 or


Modern Mercantile


23 E Main St. Berryville, VA

BOYCE CHRISTMAS TREE LIGHTING Monday, December 6. 6pm. Boyce Volunteer Fire Company. 9 S. Greenway Ave. Gather around the town tree and sing songs before the town mayor lights the tree. See Santa Claus as he arrives on a fire truck to give all the children some Christmas goodies. Come into the Social Hall to enjoy hot chocolate and cookies. Children can sit on Santa’s lap for that all important holiday photo. 6pm. 540837-1228. SELF-GUIDED DRIVING TOUR OF HOLIDAY LIGHTS IN CLARKE COUNTY: Clarke County Parks and Recreation is compiling – and will distribute – a list of brightly decorated homes. Beginning December 1st you can pick up a copy at the rec center and tour the county. If you want your home included on the self-guided driving tour, contact or 540- 9555143. Deadline to add your decorated home to the driving tour list is Nov. 30.. #ChristmasInClarkeCounty #ClarkeCountyVirginia NUTCRACKER PERFORMANCE Saturday, December 11. Grace Episcopal Church. 3pm. The Main Street Orchestra and dancers from the Blue Ridge Center for the Performing Arts perform the Nutcracker. Free.

Advertise in Clarke Monthly. We support local. We ARE local.


NOV 20 21


Virginia Fire Departments Face Volunteer Shortage are strictly volunteer, and 54 percent of all fi refi ghters are volunteer. Virginia’s trends align with this national shortage. AccordThe volunteer fi re service ing to the United States Fire has been experiencing a grad- Administration’s 2021 National ual decline in personnel across Fire Department Registry, of the country. Since 1985, na- the 552 fi re departments in tional statistics have shown an the Commonwealth, about 71 approximate 10 percent decline percent rely on volunteers. in volunteer fi refi ghters. Ac- According to the Virginia Decording to the National Volun- partment of Fire Programs, teer Fire Council (NVFC), the approximately 70 percent total number of volunteers in of all Virginia fi refi ghters 1985 was 884,600 compared to are volunteers. The volunteer fi refi ghter approximately 682,000 today. According to the United States shortage is at a critical point. declining volunteer Fire Administration, 64 per- The cent of all U.S. fi re departments force may negatively affect a Clarke monthly published a series on each of the county’s volunteer fire departments, which can be read online at


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volunteer department from meeting critical staffi ng levels to meet their community’s needs. Volunteer staffi ng shortages also place additional stress on the existing volunteer force that may already be stretched to its limits. To address Virginia’s volunteer fi refi ghter shortage, the Virginia Fire Chiefs Association has partnered with the International Association of Fire Chiefs to develop and release a new recruitment-focused public service announcement (PSA) and campaign. The PSA, “You’ve Seen Us,” is designed to bolster the recruitment of Virginia’s next generation of volunteer fi refi ghters. Produced by Emmy awardwinning JeffInHighDef / FireMedia.TV, the PSA takes viewers through the realization that the volunteer fi re service is all around us, and suggests to viewers that they, too, can fi nd a broader purpose in life by joining the volunteer fi re service to serve their communities. Statewide distribution and viewing of “You’ve Seen Us” is a critical component of recruiting additional volunteer fi refi ghters to address Virginia’s shortage. The VFCA is asking Virginia’s media markets to assist in the campaign distribution of “You’ve Seen Us” by seeking out feature stories at the local level, sharing on their respective social media channels, and hosting on their respective websites. “Clarke County has a strong volunteer system with exceptional leadership at each of our three volunteer companies, but more volunteers are needed to help address continually rising call volumes,” said County Administrator Chris Boies. “Folks interested in volunteering in Clarke County should contact any of our fi re companies.” Clarke County residents

are encouraged to watch and share the short videos. “You’ve Seen Us” is available in 30-, 60- and 90-second versions at the following locations: 30 seconds: https://youtu. be/CgvDZWYTOO0 60 seconds: https://youtu. be/UZ8_3qE_zgk 90 seconds: https://youtu. be/0vWHTYAgFaE

Contact your local fire company Blue Ridge Volunteer Fire and Rescue: Chief Jason Burns; (540) 955-4000 or Go online to blueridgefi Boyce Volunteer Fire Company: Chief Lee Coffelt; (540) 837-1228 or boycefi Go online to boycefi John H. Enders Fire Company: Chief J.C. Blaylock; (540) 955-1110, chief@ endersfi, or president@ endersfi Go online to endersfi “With volunteerism on the decline across the state and nation, the VFCA believes ‘You’ve Seen Us’ will help recruit new members into Virginia’s volunteer fi re service,” said VFCA President Chief Keith H. Johnson. “The VFCA is very excited about the opportunities and impact that ‘You’ve Seen Us’ will have. The hope is that Virginia’s next generation of volunteers will emerge as a result. We need your help to get the word out.”

About the Virginia Volunteer Workforce Solutions Program The “You’ve Seen Us” PSA is part of the Virginia Volunteer Workforce Solutions (VWS) program, which offers statewide recruitment and re-

tention support to volunteer fi re departments. This VWS program is funded by a Staffing for Adequate Fire Emergency Management Response (SAFER) Grant through the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). For more information about the Virginia VWS program, visit

About the Virginia Fire Chiefs Association

The Virginia Fire Chiefs Association (VFCA), serves the communities of Virginia through its fi re service leaders and advances the fi re and rescue service through leadership, education, and advocacy. The VFCA is committed to providing its members the educational opportunities, leadership skills, and support tools to manage and lead today and into the future. For more information about the VFCA, go to

About the International Association of Fire Chiefs

The IAFC represents the leadership of fi refi ghters and emergency responders worldwide. IAFC members are the world’s leading experts in fi refi ghting, EMS, terrorism response, hazmat spills, natural disasters, search and rescue, and public-safety legislation. Since 1873, the IAFC has provided a forum for its members to exchange ideas, develop professionally and uncover the latest products and services available to fi rst responders. Learn more at For more information about Virginia Fire Chiefs Association and the new PSA videos, contact Chris Eudailey at (540) 8099397 or


NOV 2021

Angel Trees Deliver Tidings of Joy to All

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By Cathy Kuehner In recent years, the Clarke County Department of Social Services has coordinated gift programs for Clarke residents who need some joy during the holiday season. This year, the program aims to reach more people who can help deliver more gifts to those who have little. “We want to ensure that every child and every senior has a joyful holiday,” said DSS director Jen Parker, who began working in Clarke in January 2021. She began her social services career in 1994 and was most recently director of the Rappahannock County Department of Social Services, an agency similar in size to Clarke County. This fall, Parker and her DSS staff organized the most ambitious “Angel Tree” program ever. Christmas trees are in six locations: Berryville Auto Parts (111 W. Main St.), Berryville-Clarke County Government Center (101 Chalmers Ct.), Christ Church Millwood (809 Bishop Meade Rd.), Boyce Town Hall (23 E. Main St.), Duncan Memorial UMC (210 E. Main St., Berryville), and Social Services (311 E. Main St., Berryville). All six trees are decorated with gift tags that include the wishes of local children under the age 18, seniors 60 and older, and disabled persons. Individuals who want to be “angels” may take tags from the trees and purchase the gifts. Then, deliver gifts to the Social Services offi ce in Berryville by Dec. 10 to ensure adequate time for gifts to be distributed. Attach the original Angel Tree tags to gifts, so they can be given to the proper recipients. Angel Tree gift tags only in-


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planning for the holidays

Human Services Assistant Morgan Bender and Department of Social Services Director Jen Parker hang gift tags on the Angel Tree inside their Clarke County office at 311 E. Main St. in Berryville. The green gift tags are for senior citizens and individuals with disabilities. White gift tags are for children 18 and younger. Other Angel Trees are at Berryville Auto Parts, Berryville-Clarke County Government Center, Christ Church Millwood, Boyce Town Hall, and Duncan Memorial UMC. Photo provided by Clarke County. clude clothing sizes and a few reasonable likes and wants for the holiday. Names of gift recipients are confi dential because of requirements set forth by HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996). There are more than 900 Clarke residents living in poverty, according to the Virginia Department of Social Services Offi ce of Research and Planning. The 911 individuals living in poverty represent 585 households and include more than 200 children. VDSS data are based on the county’s population in 2019 (14,619), and the COVID-19 pandemic has most

likely affected more residents. This is Parker’s fi rst holiday season in Clarke County, and she is overwhelmed by the positive response the Angel Tree program has received. “I love the Clarke County community,” Parker said. “It is a very supportive and heartwarming community. For more information about Angel Trees, needs in Clarke County, or the other programs the Department of Social Services supports, contact Parker at (540) 955-3700 or jennifer.l.parker@ Or, go to government/social-services.

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NOV 20 21


Guest Essay: Native American Heritage Month

Clarke County’s First Peoples, More than a Virginia Indian Trail By René Locklear White, Lumbee Nation,Co-Founder, Native American Church of Virginia

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First Peoples’ histories are routinely ignored, dismissed, or put aside. In this article, we attempt to provide a more richly textured story that shaped Clarke County’s First Peoples from pre-contact to present day. Contributions. Here are a few of Clarke County’s First Peoples accomplishments from Paleo-Indian (10,500 years before present (YBP)), Archaic (10,500– 3,000 YBP) through Woodland (3,000:300 YBP). Clarke County residents: • Used 12,000 year-old technology; Clovis points found at Castleman’s Ferry •

Quarried stone from nearby Warren County, Va. Thunderbird PaleoIndian site.

Engineered fi shing weirs in the Shenandoah River, catching countless fi sh for centuries to sustain villages.

Created sacred ceremonial concentric rings and artifacts dated 10,470 years last used.

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Supported villages along the Shenandoah River private property).

Created tools, found at the Holy Cross Abbey on display at the Clarke County Historical Association.

Created so many artifacts and structures, that James Madison University nominated Cool Spring Battlefi eld to the National Register of Historic Places.

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In 1492, there were more people living in the Americas than lived in Europe. The Catholic priest who transcribed Columbus’s ship record said the Indigenous Peoples living here were like “children of God” and the place was like “the Garden of Eden.” Catholic priest Bartolome de las Casas believed that 40 million people died as a result of the European encounter.

Clarke County, Centered North and South

Clarke County sits in a unique location between Southeastern

Woodland Indian and Northeastern Indian territories. Surrounding Clarke County were the Piscataway (east); Monacan (south); Yuchi, Shawnee (south and west), and Tutelo & Osage (north) to name a few. One resource ( indicates that Clarke County was home to the Massawomeck Iroquois territory. Iroquois was the language spoken, and the Haudenosaunee were the people — also called People of the Longhouse. The Iroquois Confederacy consisted of multiple nations and created the fi rst political alliance in


NOV 2021 North America in year 1000. If you enjoy history, look up the Great Peacemaker and Iroquois contribution to the U.S. Constitution.

After Contact

First Peoples of Virginia and others entered treaties with the U.S. government with a government-to-government relationship, over and above the individual states. 1646: Virginia’s first Indian reservation created (Pamunkey). 1667: First Virginia treaty

Virginia Tribes While many tribes are extinct, we have 11 tribes in Virginia, in addition to many individuals who are descendants of tribes that no longer exist. Virginia’s First Peoples include:

Iroquoian Speaking: •

Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Tribe “People at the Fork of the Stream”

Nottoway Tribe

Individuals who remain without a tribal affiliation

Algonquian speaking: •

Chickahominy Tribe (Coarse-Pounded Corn People)

Eastern Chickahominy Tribe

Mattaponi Tribe

Monacan Indian Nation

Nansemond Tribe

Pamunkey Tribe

Patawomeck Tribe (Potomac)

Rappahannock Tribe “Where the Tide Ebbs and flows”

Upper Mattaponi Tribe

Individuals who remain without a tribal affiliation

signed with English Crown (guaranteed control over homelands, hunting and fishing rights, the right to keep and bear arms etc.). 1789: U.S. Constitution adopted Article I, Section 8 granting Congress power to regulate commerce among foreign nations and Indian tribes (as separate and sovereign nations). 1815: U.S. began Indian removals from land. 1830: Indian Removal Act (President Andrew Jackson). 1831: U.S. Supreme Court (Cherokee v. Georgia) holds that Indian tribes are domestic-dependent nations, not foreign nations. 1832: U.S. Supreme Court (Worchester v. Georgia) ensured sovereignty of Cherokees; however, President Andrew Jackson refused the decision and initiated Trail of Tears. 1878: Virginia Native Boarding School created (in Hampton); Virginia’s Indian children forcibly removed from their homes to live in prison-like schools; many died. 1887: Dawes Act or Allotment Act, Indian heads of family given 160 acres of land; “surplus” lands sold. Natives lost millions of acres by 1940’s. 1870: Jim Crow Laws and racial segregation. 1890: Wounded Knee Massacre. 1912: Dr. Walter Plecker ran Virginia’s Bureau of Vital Statistics and destroyed Virginia’s Indian records; Virginia Indians forced to choose White or Colored. Enforced eugenicists considered Indians and poor Whites “feebleminded” or racially and genetically impure. Goal: erase “Indian” as an identity and make it difficult for Virginia Indians to gain state and federal recognition. 1924: Racial Integrity Act. 1924: Snyder Act or U.S. Indian Citizenship Act, Native Americans eligible to become U.S. citizens for the first time, with some voting rights. Which means, First Peoples were permitted citizenship on the land that for thousands of years carried their ancestors bones.

1926: Meriam Report used to speed up civilization of U.S. “wards” (paternalistic role) and dissolve U.S. responsibility. 1934: Indian Reorganization Act pushed to conserve and develop Indian lands and extended to Indians the right to form business. 1952: Voluntary Relocation Program moved Indians to urban cities. 1953-1966: Termination Era ended all claims with Native peoples; 109 tribes terminated; and U.S. government ended Constitutional relationship with tribes. 1965: Voting Rights Act for Native Americans, with additional legislation until 1982. 1967: Dr. Plecker’s eugenics laws overturned by U.S. Supreme Court (Loving v. Virginia). 1975: Indian Self-Determination and Education Act passed; giving Indian Tribal governments control over their Tribal affairs. 1988: Congress repealed the 35-year old termination policy. 1994: First time since 1822 that a U.S. president invited Indians to discuss issues of concern; 350 representatives from 556 federally recognized tribes attended. 1994: American Indian Religious Freedom Act. 2000: Supreme Court upheld provisions of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA). 2015: U.S. government finally officially recognized a Virginia tribe (Pamunkey).

Understanding Today

All of this and more happened to Clarke County’s oncepowerful tribes. While lust for land, expansion, clashes, diseases, genocide, assimilation, acculturation, and Indian removal took place here, something else was also happening. Many of Virginia First Peoples adapted to change and survived; they maintained their Native traditions and tribal sovereignty; and they enjoy a continuing peoplehood and a strong will to survive. There is much to learn from

15 the strength and resilience of such people. The terms below offer a lens. Assimilation or sometimes referred to as cultural assimilation is the process by which a minority ethnic group or culture takes on the characteristics of the dominant society. Assimilation can carry a political component as well. Acculturation is a process of cultural change in which individuals take on the cultural characteristics of a dominant culture. Virtually all Native peoples are acculturated, but still maintain traditional and adopted cultural values to continue their peoplehood.

Blood Quantum is the discriminating practice of measuring a Native American person’s identity by equating their racial ancestry to a proportion of blood in their body. If you or someone you know are survivors, we want to hear from you. If you are Native American living in Clarke County and surrounding counties, this month, and all months we honor and remember your stored legacy. We would love to hear from you, especially keepers of your culture and teachers of your ways of life. Please write us at, web site


NOV 20 21


The Magic Of Cricket Songs One cricket can actually tell you what the temperature is By Claire Stuart I was talking on the phone with a friend who lives in a West Coast city when he suddenly went silent and then asked, with seeming amazement, “Was that a cricket?” It was, and I hadn’t realized it was loud enough to be heard on the other end of the phone. I was a little surprised because cricket songs are a constant part of the background here — but it was apparently a big deal to him, in his nature-deprived world, to hear crickets. Every fall the air is alive with the chirps, trills, buzzes and clicks of cricket song. They are mating calls produced by males to attract females and

Field cricket, female. challenge rival males. Females do not sing, although a few make some soft sounds to answer males.

Crickets have enlarged hind legs for jumping like their close relatives, the grasshoppers, but they are distinctly different

Ground cricket, female.

Ground cricket with almond.

insects. The easiest way to tell them apart is by their antennae. Grasshoppers’ antennae are always shorter than their

bodies, while crickets’ antennae are longer that their bodies, often much longer. Grasshoppers don’t sing, although

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Tree cricket. they can make clicking noises by rubbing their hind legs against their wings. Crickets sing by rubbing a structure called a “scraper “ on one front wing over a ridged area called a “fi le” on the opposite wing. This is like the sound produced when you run a fi nger over the teeth of a comb or a piece of metal across a metal fi le. Since the teeth of the fi le are a set distance apart, a cricket sound will have a defi nite pitch. If you are a musician with a tuning device, you can check the pitch of your friendly crickets.

Clarke The large black crickets that often get into houses are the common fi eld crickets, and their songs are the distinct chirps that people recognize as cricket songs. Other very common visitors are the little tan ground crickets, often mistaken for baby crickets (but notice that they have wings). They are only about a quarter inch long and will walk up walls and even walk on ceilings. Their sounds are soft and very high-pitched — some sound like tiny tinkling bells, some tick. Other types of crickets produce long trills made of many chirps very close together, raspy sounds, buzzes, and ticking sounds like a watch (anybody remember when watches ticked?). There are many types of crickets of various sizes and colors, including bush, tree, and mole crickets, and they can be black, brown, green, white, and even red-and-black. The big, pale-green katydids that are shaped like leaves are a type of cricket. Since cricket songs are made using the wings, any cricket you see or hear singing, regardless of size, must be an adult, since only adult insects have wings. It is easy to tell males and

females apart. Males have two thin “tails” called cerci, one on each side of the end of the abdomen. Females have a third central tail, which is the ovipositor or egg-laying tube. Once, I heard a tiny bell-like sound in my kitchen and spotted a little ground cricket on the counter directly next to a glass. The glass was serving as an amplifi er that made the sound louder. This was no accident! I moved the glass away, and moments later the tiny cricket moved over next to the glass and started singing again. Mole crickets that dig burrows will stand in their entrances to sing, and the hole amplifi es the sound. It was recently discovered that a certain type of tree cricket will chew a hole in a leaf and put his head through, using the leaf as a megaphone. Since crickets sing, they must be able to hear. You might wonder how because they have no obvious ears. They have tympanal organs that work like eardrums. A membrane is stretched over an air space, and sounds cause the membrane to vibrate. The tympanal organs are located below the “knees” of the front legs.

17 Many older people lose the ability to hear high-pitched sounds and can’t hear crickets. So, if you hear a cricket and an older person claims to hear nothing (or if you are the older person), don’t think that one of you is going nuts! The speed of a cricket’s song varies with temperature. The snowy tree cricket can tell you about the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit if you count the chirps in 13 seconds and add 40. Other cricket songs can also do this, but the formulas are more complicated. Crickets are omnivores, eating a varied diet. They will eat plant material, fruit, seeds, small living insects, dead insects, pet food, and crumbs and scraps they fi nd in houses. They have been known to eat natural fabrics like cotton and wool, especially if it is stained by food or perspiration. A neighbor once complained that crickets chewed holes in some canvas lawn chairs stored in a basement. However, crickets are generally not considered pests of any consequence in homes. Feel free to send me your insect questions:


NOV 20 21


Battle of the Slump, Part 1

Mobilizing Your Mid And Upper Back by JiJi Russell

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Have you ever caught yourself hunched over your computer or phone, or sitting in a not-so-upright posture as you drive? Or maybe a teenager in your life has the tendency toward less perfect posture? Many of our modern technologies and activities have placed us in a near-constant slump, which can wreak havoc over time on the health of our back, shoulders, neck, and can even inhibit our ability to take deep breaths. According to Leslie Williams, physical therapist and owner of Berryville Physical Therapy and Wellness, “Because most of our activities are in front of us, it’s a common movement pattern that we have accentuated kyphosis of the thoracic [midto upper-] spine, and then the head follows.” Kyphosis refers to the shape of the spinal curve in the upper back: it arcs toward the backside of the body, whereas the neck and lower back arc toward the front side of the body (lordosis). The combination of these natural curves

JiJi Russell in a thoracic extension (backbend) over a rolled up sleeping bag. allows the spine “to act like a spring for the whole body,” Williams said. What happens in the thoracic spine can therefore affect the overall health and wellness of the entire back and even the shoulders.

It Doesn’t Just Look Bad

Williams said a common

problem she sees in her practice relates to the lack of extension (back bending) in the upper spine, leaving the upper back in a constant state of flexion (forward bending or “slump”) which brings the head forward, and the shoulders rounded toward the chest. All of this can add up to a host

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NOV 2021

of discomfort or worse, including shoulder impingement, neck pain, and headaches. For those with osteoporosis, excessive upper-back fl exion can even lead to fracturing of the vertebrae, according to Williams. The thoracic spine, which spans the space from about the top of the shoulders to just above the waistband, is an area of the spine that is intended to be mobile for all the functions we perform with our bodies — bending over, twisting, pushing, pulling. It’s important to keep the thoracic spine mobile while keeping the muscles around it, primarily the trapezius group, toned. As we lose mobility in the thoracic spine, sometimes the forces of work or movement get transferred upward to the neck (cervical spine) or to the lower back (lumbar spine). So, fi xing your thoracic limitations might help your back as a whole. There are a wide variety of simple movements that can increase thoracic mobility, but a good fi rst step is to test the mobility of your thoracic spine by watching two short videos (see sidebar). For one test, you will need a long dowel, thin pipe, or broomstick for the test, which will assess whether you have any limits in rotation (twisting) or extension (back bending) in the upper back.

Thoracic Mobility Moves

A little bit of awareness and maintenance for the thoracic spine can stave off the slump and have us feeling more comfortable to boot. The following two thoracic mobility drills are available by text descrip-

tion below and by video (see sidebar). [Editor’s note: Watch the videos!] Get into a kneeling lunge on the fl oor, left knee down, right foot up. A blanket or pillow under the knee can help. Bring both hands to the fl oor or to a yoga block on the inside of the front foot. Bend the right elbow and reach it down toward the fl oor or block while you twist your torso a bit to the left, then untwist and reach that same elbow up to the right, twisting in the opposite direction. You can keep

the elbow bent or straighten it out as you twist to the right. Repeat this motion four to six times by following the elbow down the fl oor (twisting left), and up to right. Switch sides and repeat. Place a yoga block, foam roller, or densely rolled towel/ blanket on the fl oor, and sit in front of it with your knees bent, feet on the fl oor. With your hands interlaced behind your head for support, lower your upper body toward the block/roll so that as you come down the block/roll lands at

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about the mid back and your shoulders, neck, and head slowly extend back toward the fl oor. Try to keep your lower back neutral (keep it from overarching) as you lower your shoulders and head back until you feel a nice stretch, then gently pull them forward as you come up to a slight abdominal crunch. Keep moving slowly between an upper backbend (extension) and slight abdominal crunch position about six times. Keep your lower back mostly immobile through-

out this movement pattern. If it’s comfortable for you, you can hold the extension (backbend) for a few breaths to allow the chest and shoulders to gradually stretch. Next month, we’ll work on strengthening the muscles that support good posture, primarily in your thoracic spine and upper back. JiJi Russell is a certified personal trainer and a registered yoga teacher. You can reach her at



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